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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD BIOGRAPHY / SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/24162.140 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword "biography / science and technology" ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319005720:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam [electronic resource] : Research, Teaching, Life
Author(s): Alexander Pechenkin
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889-1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925, describes his contributions to both physics and technology, as well as discussingthe scientific communi ty which formed around him, usually called the Mandelstam school. Mandelstams life story is thereby placed in its proper cultural context. The following more general issues are taken under consideration: theimpact of German scientific culture on Russian s cience the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years the formation of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and transformation of thesystem of higher education in the USSR during the 1920's and 1930's.The a uthor shows that Mandelstams fundamental writings and his lectures notes allow to reconstruct his philosophy of science and his approach to the social andethical functions of science and science education. That reconstruction is enhanced through extensive use of hitherto unpublished archival material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author
Contents:Foreword by E.P.Velikhov
Introduction
Youth and Strasbourg years
The Strasbourg years: radio engineering
The Strasbourg years: optics
The years of traveling (1914
1925)
Moscow State University (1925
1935)
Research in optics (Odessa Moscow)
The Mandelstam school: the early steps and results
The Mandelstams school: the theory of non
linear oscillations
Moscow State University and the Academy of Sciences
Borovoe and the last year in Moscow
The Mandelstam operationalism
The Mandelstam interpretation of quantum mechanics 1930
1940
ISBN:9783319005720
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Study and teaching , Quantum theory , Life sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540688327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ari Ben-Menahem
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics ofscience. The 5800-page Encyclo pedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopoliticalboundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done. The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists , engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing:mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, eart h and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry),associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and mo re). The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas inthe leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scien tific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered fromthe wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540688327
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Life sciences , Environmental sciences , Humanities
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783662077917:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (536 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-07791-7
Contents:Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses -- Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses -- Autobiographical Essays and Interviews -- A Physicist Looks at the Soul -- The Scientist and Society -- Changes in
Physics During My Time in Princeton and Plans for the Future in Retirement -- A Conversation with Eugene Wigner by J. Walsh -- (in Honor of Marcos Moshinsky) -- Recollections and Expectations -- An Interview with Eugene Paul. Wigner by
I. Kardos -- The Citation: Eugene Paul Wigner -- Response to Citation by James R. Killian Jr. -- Biographical Sketches -- Enrico Fermi -- New Editor of “Reviews of Modern Physics”: E. U. Condon -- The Scientific Work of John von
Neumann -- John von Neumann -- Biographical Notice of Maria Goeppert Mayer -- An Appreciation on the 60th Birthday of Edward Teller -- Leo Szilard -- Obituary: Maria Goeppert Mayer -- Obituary: Werner K. Heisenberg -- Obituary: Michael
Polanyi -- Michael Polanyi -- Obituary: Eugene Feenberg -- The Wigner Medal: A Tribute to Valentine Bargmann -- Concluding Remarks -- Einstein — A Memoir -- Erinnerungen an Albert Einstein -- Thirty Years of Knowing Einstein --
Biography of John von Neumann -- Celebration of the 80th Year of Paul Harteck -- Address Delivered to the Memorial Meeting [for Paul Dirac] in Tallahassee -- New Light on Einstein Letter -- Remembering Paul Dirac -- Science -- Roots of
the Atomic Age -- On the Fermi, ?-Disintegration Theory -- The Role of Mathematical Methods in Physical Theories -- The International Oxford Conference on Nuclear Physics -- Convocation Address at the University of Alberta -- Pure and
Applied Nuclear Physics in East and West -- Conference on Invariance Mexico City, July 20–August 30, 1959 -- Review of the Second Gatlinburg Conference on Reactions Between Complex Nuclei -- Union of the German Physical Societies:
Report of Annual Meeting -- The Scientist: His Increased Responsibilities -- Fermi Award: AEC Honors Teller for Contributions to Nuclear Science -- Science: The New Particles and Their Radiations -- The Impact of Success on Science --
The Roles of Primitive Knowledge, of Language, and of Mathematics in the Physicsal Sciences -- E. P. Wigner’s Comments at the Roundtable Discussion at the Conference on Nuclear Cross Sections and Technology -- The Unity of Science --
The Unity of Science: Closing Summary -- The Scope and Promise of Science -- Methods -- Mathematical Physics -- The Physical Sciences -- The Physical Sciences: Committee Chairman’s Summary -- The Future Vocation of Science -- The
Future of Science — What One Can Hope For -- The Neutron: The Impact of Its Discovery and Its Uses -- On Science and Its Evolution -- Reflections on the Role and Purpose of Science -- The Miracle of Science -- Science, Its Future and
Purpose -- Science and Society -- Reflections on the Atomic Bomb -- Science in Two Worlds: Its Accomplishments and Aims -- Ethics in the Relationship Between Science and Society -- Science and Society -- Science and Technology for
Affluence and Satisfaction -- Book Reviews -- Review of “Kinematic Relativity: A Sequel to Relativity, Gravitation, and World Structure” -- Review of “Theoretical Nuclear Physics” -- Review of “Handbuch der Physik, Vol. 1: Mathematical
Methods” -- Review of “Proceedings of the Rehovoth Conference on Nuclear Structure” -- Review of “Elements de Physique Nucléaire” -- Review of “Fast Reactor Cross Sections” -- Review of “American Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Polic y”
-- Review of “The Inspiration of Science” -- Review of “Nuclear Shell Theory” -- Review of “The Quantum Theory of Fields. Proceedings of the 1961 Solvay Conference” -- Review of “Internal Factors in Evolution” -- Review of “Theory of
Groups in Classical and Quantum Physics, Vol. I: Mathematical Structures and the Foundations of Quantum Theory” -- Review of “Of Molecules and Men” -- Review of “The Role of Mathematics in the Rise of Science” -- Review of “Nuclear War
and Nuclear Peace” -- Review of “Formulas and Theorems for the Special Functions of Mathematical Physics” -- Review of “Random Matrices and the Statistical Theory of Energy Levels” -- Review of “Reflections on Big Science” -- Review of
“Relaxation in Shock Waves” -- Review of “Annual Review of Nuclear Science” -- Review of “Symmetry Discovered: Concepts and Applications in Nature and Science” -- Review of “The Advisors — Oppenheimer, Teller, and the Superbomb” --
Review of “Albert Einsein, The Human Side: New Glimpses from His Archives” -- Review of “A Perspective of Physics”
ISBN:9783662077917
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers : B / 7
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Mathematics , Philology , Linguistics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Language and Literature , Physics, general , Philosophy, general , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642493577:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Quantum Generation Highlights and Tragedies of the Golden Age of Physics
Author(s): Margarita Ryutova-Kemoklidze
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (327 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-49357-7
Contents:1 By the Sure Path of Experimentation -- 2 Fiat Lux -- 3 To Göttingen -- 4 From the Maroseika to Chistiye Prudy -- 5 Petrograd — and Back to Moscow -- 6 Where the Crowned Heads of Science Gather -- 7 Professor Born’s Circle of Friends
-- 8 “Then, As Now, Physicists Went About Their Work and Regarded It As Perfectly Normal” -- 9 Metamorphosis -- 10 “I Shall Leave Neither Tomorrow Nor the Day After” -- 11 The Choice -- 12 Cascades and Showers -- 13 Pentoptics -- 14
Earning a Living as an Engineer -- 15 Teaching the Teachers -- 16 On Pearl Street -- 17 In the Beginning was Mechanics -- References -- Biography
ISBN:9783642493577
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781461321835:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Simulators for Nuclear Power
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (224 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-2183-5
Contents:A Methodology for the Design of Plant Analysers -- I. Introduction -- II. CEGB Operations -- III. Historical Development within the CEGB -- IV. Design and Provision of Training Simulators -- V. Requirements of Design Quality Assurance
-- VI. Simulation Language PMSP -- VII. Conservation of Validated Plant Models -- VIII. Converged Modelling Philosophy -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Models and Simulation in Nuclear Power Station Design and Operation -- I.
Introduction -- II. Physical Full-Scale Engineering Models -- III. Part-Scale Models -- IV. Full-Scale Static Control Room Mock-ups -- V. Full-Scale Control Room Mock-ups with Dynamic Displays -- VI. Full-Scope Training Simulators --
VII. Large Simulation Facilities for Design -- VIII. Nuclear Plant Analysers -- IX. Predictive Devices Used as Operator Aids -- X. Heysham II Power Station Fault Level Monitoring and Indication Equipment -- XI. CEGB Essential System
Integrating Simulator -- XII. Equipment, Systems and Human Reliability -- XIII. Testing of Automatic Control Loops -- XIV. Computer Hardware Necessary -- XV. Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Psychological Aspects of
Simulator Design and Use -- I. Introduction -- II. Simulator Uses and Human Factors -- III. Simulators as Learning Environments -- IV. Alternative Approaches to Training -- V. Remaining Tasks for the Full-Scope Simulator -- VI.
Conclusions -- References -- The Development of Full-Scope AGR Training Simulators within the CEGB -- I. Introduction -- II. User Requirement -- III. Functional Specification -- IV. Choice of Plant Model Complexity -- V. Choice of
Display and Tutorial Facilities -- VI. Computer and Interface Hardware -- VII. Software Development Strategy -- VIII. Long Term Support -- IX. Quality Assurance -- X. AGR Simulator System Design -- XI. Conclusions -- Acknowledgements
-- References -- Parallel Processing for Nuclear Safety Simulation -- I. Introduction -- II. Problem Definition and Solution Methodology -- III. Solution of Gas-Flow Equations -- IV. Application to RELAPV -- V. Conclusions --
Acknowledgement -- References -- Developments in Full-scope, Real-time Nuclear Plant Simulators -- I. Introduction -- II. Nuclear Submarine Simulators -- III. The Hunterston ‘B’ Simulator -- IV. The Torness AGR Simulator -- V.
Simulator System Design Philosophy -- VI. Automatic Testing -- VII. Computer System Architecture -- VIII. Conclusion -- Acknowledgement -- Authors’ Biography
ISBN:9781461321835
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology: 17
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear energy , Atoms , Nuclear engineering , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Engineering , Nuclear Energy
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Call number:QC278.C79::1985 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryogenic Science and Technology with contributions by Leo I. Dana
Author(s): Russell J. Donnelly (ed.)
Arthur W. Francis (ed.)
Date:1985
Publisher:Union Carbide Corp.: [Danbury, Conn.]
Size:91 pgs.
Note:Edited, with commentary by Donnelly and Francis
Contents:1. Early Research in Low Temperature Physics, 2. My Experience at the University of Leiden, Holland, Low Temperature Research Laboratory Sept. 1922 - July, 1923, 3. The Nature and Significance of the Lambda Transiton, 4. Leo Dan's Industrial Career, Appendices: A. Biographical Note on Leo Dana, B. List of Publications by Leo Dana, C. List of U.S. Patents Granted to Leo Dana, Dl. Reprint of Paters by Dana and Kamerlingh Onnes
ISBN:0914096176
Keywords: Physicists - United States - Biography , Low temperature - History , Low temperature - Research - Netherlands - Leiden - History , Cold , Freezing , Dana, Leo I.(Leo Isadore), 1895-
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Call number:QC16.B64C47::2006 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ludwig Boltzmann :The man who trusted atoms
Author(s): Carlo Cercignani
Date:2006
Publisher:Oxford : Oxford University Press
Size:329 p.
Note:Originally published: 1998
Contents:A short biography of Ludwig Boltzmann -- Physics before Boltzmann -- Kinetic theory before Boltzmann -- The Boltzmann equation -- Time irreversibility and the H-theorem -- Boltzmann's relation and the statistical interpretation of entropy -- Boltzmann, Gibbs, and equilibrium statistical mechanics -- The problem of polyatomic molecules -- Boltzmann's contributions to other branches of physics -- Boltzmann as a philosopher -- Boltzmann and his contemporaries -- The influence of Boltzmann's ideas on the science and technology of the twentieth century -- Epilogue -- Chronology -- A German professor's journey into Eldorado
ISBN:9780198570646
Keywords: Boltzmann, Ludwig, 1844-1906. , Atomic structure History. , Physicists Austria Biography.
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