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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD PARTICLES NUCLEAR PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/18381.155 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword "particles nuclear physics experiments" ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789814644150:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:60 years of CERN experiments and discoveries [electronic resource]
Author(s): Herwig F. Schopper (ed.)
L. Di Lella (ed.)
Date:2015
Publisher:World Scientific
Size:1 online resource
Note:open access
Contents:The discovery of the Higgs boson at the lHC / P. Jenni and T.S. Virdee -- Precision physics with heavy-flavoured hadrons / P. Koppenburg and V. Vagnoni -- Towards the limits of matter: ultra-relativisic nuclear collisions at CERN / J. Schukraft and R. Stock -- The measurement of number of light neutrino species at LEP / S. Mele -- Precision experiments at LEP / W. de Boer -- The discovery of the W and Z particles / L. Di Lella and C. Rubbia -- The discovery of weak neutral currents / D. Haidt -- Hig hlights from high energy neutrino experiments at CERN / W.D. Schlatter -- The discovery of direct CP violation / L. Iconomidou-Fayard and D. Fournier -- Measurements of discrete symmetries in the neutral kaon system with the CPLEAR(PS195) experiment / T. Ruf -- An ISR discovery: the rise of the proton-proton cross-section / U. Amaldi -- Deep inelastic scattering with the SPS muon beam / G. Mallot and R. Voss -- Revealing partons in hadrons: from the ISR to the SPS collider / P. Darriulat and L. Di Lella - - Properties of antiprotons and antihydron, and the study of exotic atoms / M. Doser -- Muon g-2 and tests of relativity / F.J.M. Farley -- CERN discoveries: rare pion decays at the synchrocyclotron / G. Fidecaro -- Highlights at ISOLDE / K. Blaum, M.J.G. Borge, B. Jonson and P. Van Duppen.
ISBN:9789814644143
Series:Advanced series on directions in high energy physics
Series:eBooks
Series:World Scientific platform
Keywords: Particle accelerators, Experiments.
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Call number:9780511622588:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to experimental particle physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard C. Fernow
Date:1986
Publisher:New York : Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource (421 p.)
Contents:Electromagnetic interactions -- Nuclear interactions -- Particle beams -- Targets -- Fast electronics -- Scintillation counters -- Cerenkov counters -- Proportional chambers -- Drift chambers -- Sampling calorimeters -- Specialized detectors -- Triggers -- Detector systems -- Some fundamental measurements.
ISBN:9780521301701
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics) Experiments , Particles (Nuclear physics) Technique , Electromagnetic interactions , Nuclear counters , Nuclear reactions
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Call number:7349:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:At the leading edge [electronic resource]: the ATLAS and CMS LHC experiments
Author(s): Dan Green (ed.)
Date:2010
Publisher:Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific
Size:1 online resource (436 p.)
Note:Unlimited concurrent users
Note:World Scientific eBook platform
Contents:Introduction : How physics defines the LHC environment and detectors -- The CMS pixel detector, W. Erdmann -- The hybrid tracking systems of ATLAS, Leonardo Rossi -- The all-silicon strip CMS tracker : microtechnology at the macroscale, M. Mannelli -- The ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeters : features and performance Luciano Mandelli -- The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter : crystals and APD productions, P. Bloch -- ATLAS electronics : an overview, Philippe Farthouat -- Innovations in the CMS tracker electronics, G. Hall -- TileCal : the hadronic section of the central ATLAS calorimeter, K. Anderson ... et al. -- Innovations for the CMS HCAL, J. Freeman -- ATLAS superconducting toroids : the largest ever built, Herman H.J. ten Kate -- Constructing a 4-tesla large thin solenoid at the limit of what can be safely operated, A. Herve. -- The ATLAS muon spectrometer, Giora Mikenberg -- The CMS muon detector : from the first thoughts to the final design, Fabrizio Gasparini -- The why and how of the ATLAS data acquisition system, Livio Mapelli and Giuseppe Mornacchi -- Removing the haystack : the CMS trigger and data acquisition system, Vivian O'Dell.
ISBN:9789814277624
Series:eBooks Single
Keywords: Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland) , Nuclear counters , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Symmetry (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642321634:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Polarization Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sandibek B Nurushev
Mikhail F Runtso
Mikhail N Strikhanov
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is devoted to the polarization (spin) physics of high energy particles and contains three parts. The first part presents the theoretical prefaces of polarization in the particle physics for interpretations, predictionsand bases for understa nding the following two parts. The second part of the book presents the description of the essential polarization experiments including the recent ones. This part is devoted to the innovative instrumentations,gives the parameters of the polarized beams, t argets, polarized gas jets and polarimeters. The third part of the book concentrates on the important achievements in polarization physics. The book can be used in lectures on nuclearand particle physics and and nuclear instruments and methods. As supplem entary reading this book is useful for researchers working in particle and nuclear physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Theoretical bases of polarization
Spin and its properties
Spin in strong interactions
Theoretical models
Inclusive hadron production
Latest results from the largest polarization setups
Results of the experiments with fixed targets
ISBN:9783642321634
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v859
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461439516:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Picture Book of Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Siegmund Brandt
Hans Dieter Dahmen
Date:2012
Edition:4th ed. 2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The aim of this book is to explain the basic concepts and phenomena of quantum mechanics by means of visualization. Computer-generated illustrations in color are used extensively throughout the text, helping to establish therelation between quantum m echanicswave functions, interference, atomic structure, and so forthand classical physicspoint mechanics, statistical mechanics, and wave optics. Even more important, by studying the pictures inparallel with the text, readers develop an intuition for such notoriously abstract phenomena as the tunnel effect excitation and decay of metastable states wave-packet motion within a well systems of distinguishable andindistinguishable particles free wave packets and scattering in 3 dimensions angular-moment um decomposition stationary bound states in various 3-dimensional potentials hybrid states Kepler motion of wave packets inthe Coulomb field spin and magnetic resonance Illustrations from experiments in a variety of fields, including chemistry, and mo lecular, atomic, nuclear, and particle physics, underline the basic as well as the practical importanceof quantum mechanics. In the present, fourth edition all computer graphics are presented in full color. It also contains additional physics topics such as hybridization. Praise for Previous Editions The book is highly recommended asa complement to any standard textbook in quantum mechanics, but it will also be valuable to all of us who studied quantum mechanics without the pictures. International Journa l of Quantum Chemistry This book would be anexcellent basis for the study of special topics in a quantum physics course. Most serious students of physics and all of their teachers will want to consider having this orderly and graphic outline of introducto ry quantum theory attheir fingertips. American Journal of Physics Their aim is the presentation of the 'principal ideas of wave mechanics' in such a wa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Light Waves
Probability Waves of Matter
Solution of the Schrdinger Equation in One Dimension
One
Dimensional Quantum Mechanics: Scattering by a Potential
One
Dimensional Quantum Mechanics: Motion within a Potential, Stationary Bound States
Quantile Motion in One Dimension
Coupled Harmonic Oscillators: Distinguishable Particles
Coupled Harmonic Oscillators: Indistinguishable Particles
Wave Packet in Three Dimensions
Solution of the Schrdinger Equation in Three Dimensions
Three
Dimensional Quantum Mechanics: Scattering by a Potential
Three
Dim
ISBN:9781461439516
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048123681:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats [electronic resource]
Author(s): Joseph D Puglisi
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume is a collection of articles from the proceedings of the International School of Structural Biology and Magnetic Resonance 8th Course: Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats. This NATO Advance Study Institute(ASI) was held in Er ice at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture on 19 through 30 June 2007. The ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who bridged the fields of virology and biology, biophysics,chemistry and physics. Prominent lecturers a nd students from around the world representant a total of 24 countries participated in the NATO ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev(Moscow, RU). The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that i nterdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting bioterrorism agents, lead to cleanerenvironments, and help propel development in NATO partner countries. The ASI merged the related disciplines of biophysics, biochemistry and molecular structure to treat, detect, and understand emerging infectious diseases. It addressedthe treatment and detection of bioterrorism agents, and focused on critical partner country priorities in bi otechnology, materials, drug discovery and the environment. It provided crossroads discussing new technologies in biophysicsand structural biology, their implications pathogen detection and treatment and their role in partner country development. The ASI allowed deep and wide-ranging discussion between lecturers and students, providing overviews of keyareas and links between them. The range of topics represent the diversity of critical problems between structural biology, biochemistry and biophysics, in w hich lies the fertile ground of drug development, biotechnology and newmaterials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
List of Contributors
A Simple Model for Protein Folding
Complementarity of Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Properties in Protein Ligand Complexes: A New Tool to Improve Docking Results
Structures of Cvnh Family Lectins
Biohysical Approaches to Study DNA Base Flipping
The Diversity of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Improved Dye Stability in Single
Molecule Fluorescence Experiments
The Evaluation of Isotope Editing and Filtering for Protein
Ligand Interaction Elucidation by NMR
Ribosome: an Ancient Cellular Nano
Machine for Genetic Code Translation
Course A
ISBN:9789048123681
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biotechnology , Chemistry , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540793687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particles and Nuclei [electronic resource] : An Introduction to the Physical Concepts
Author(s): Bogdan Povh
Klaus Rith
Christoph Scholz
Frank Zetsche
Martin Lavelle
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This well-established textbook gives a uniform and unique presentation of both nuclear and particle physics. Analysis, Part 1, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed touncover the substructur es of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being built out of a small number of elementary building blocks and a small number of fundamentalinteractions. Synthesis, Part 2, shows how the elemen tary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions responsible for the forces in all systems become less and less evident in increasinglycomplex systems. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matter at high temperatures bridge the field of nuclear and particle physics and modern astrophysics and cosmology. The new edition incorporates a largeamount of new experimental results on deep inelastic scattering (obtained at the Electron-Proton Collider HERA a t DESY in Hamburg) into chapters 7 and 8. Translated into many languages, Particles and Nuclei has become a standardreference for advanced and undergraduate courses. From the reviews of an earlier edition: ...an excellent introduction to nuclear and parti cle physics... A very clear presentation... I thus recommend this book as a very goodphenomenological approach to the physics of particles and nuclei... Physicalia
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Hors d'oeuvre
Analysis: The Building Blocks of Matter
Global Properties of Nuclei
Nuclear Stability
Scattering
Geometric Shapes of Nuclei
Elastic Scattering of Nucleons
Deep Inelastic Scattering
Quarks, Gluons, and the Strong Interaction
Particle Production in e+e
Collisions
Phenomenology of the Weak Interaction
Exchange Bosons of the Weak Interaction
The Standard Model
Synthesis: Composite Systems
Quarkonia
Mesons Made from Light Quarks
The Baryons
The Nuclear Force
The Structure of Nuclei
Collective Nuclear Excitations
Nuclear Ther
ISBN:9783540793687
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540726340:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon [electronic resource]
Author(s): Friedrich Jegerlehner
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book reviews the present state of knowledge of the anomalous magnetic moment a=(g-2)/2 of the muon. The muon anomalous magnetic moment amy is one of the most precisely measured quantities in elementary particle physics andprovides one of the mos t stringent tests of relativistic quantum field theory as a fundamental theoretical framework. It allows for an extremely precise check of the standard model of elementary particles and of its limitations. Recentexperiments at the Brookhaven National Labo ratory now reach the unbelievable precision of 0.5 parts per million, improving the accuracy of previous g-2 experiments at CERN by a factor of 14. A major part of the book is devoted to thetheory of the anomalous magnetic moment and to estimates of the t heoretical uncertainties. Quantum electrodynamics and electroweak and hadronic effects are reviewed. Since non-perturbative hadronic effects play a key role for theprecision test, their evaluation is described in detail. After the overview of theory, the experimental achievements are surveyed, and comparisons with theory are discussed. Possible explanations for the observed deviation arepresented. Perspectives for future improvements of the theoretical and experimental precision are considered. This refer ence text for researchers in elementary particle physics requires some basic knowledge of relativistic quantumfield theory and elementary particle theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Basic Concepts, Introduction to QED, g
2 in a Nutshell, General Properties and Tools: Introduction
Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Electrodynamics
Lepton Magnetic Moments: Basics
Part II A Detailed Account of the Theory, Outline of Concepts of the Experiment, Status and Perspectives: Electromagnetic and Weak Radiative Corrections
Hadronic Effects
The g
2 Experiments
Comparison between Theory and Experiment and Future Perspectives
List of Acronyms
ISBN:9783540726340
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v226
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402059001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure and Biophysics New Technologies for Current Challenges in Biology and Beyond [electronic resource]
Author(s): Joseph D Puglisi
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume is a collection of articles from the proceedings of the ISSBMR 7th Course: Structure and Biophysics - New Technologies for Current Challenges in Biology and Beyond. This NATO Advanced Institute (ASI) was held in Ericeat the Ettore Majoran a Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture on 22 June through 3 July 2005. The ASI brought together a diverse group of experts in the fields of Structural Biology, Biophysics and Physics. Prominent lecturers,from seven different countries, and student s from around the world participated in the NATO ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev (Moscow, RU). Advances in nuclear magneticresonance spectroscopy (NMR) and x-ray crystallography have allowed the three-dimensional structures of many biological macromolecules and their complexes, including the ribosome and RNA polymerase to be solved. Fundamental principlesof NMR spectroscopy and dynamics, x-ray crystallography, computation and experimental dynami cs were taught in the context of important biological applications. The ASI addressed the treatment and detection of bioterrorism agents, andfocused on critical partner country priorities in biotechnology, materials and drug discovery. The range of topics represent the diversity of critical problems between structural biology, biochemistry and biophysics, in which lies thefertile ground of drug development, biotechnology and new materials. The individual articles represent the state of the art in each are a and provide a guide to the original literature in this rapidly developing field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Structural Genomics by NMR Spectroscopy
Investigation of Proteins in Living Bacteria with in
Cell NMR Experiments
Protein
Membrane Interactions: Lessons from In Silico Studies
Anything Goes Protein Structural Polymorphism
Tandem Interactions in the trp Repressor System may Regulate Binding to Operator DNA
Basic Principles of RNA NMR Spectroscopy
Probabilistic Structure Calculation
Molecular Insights into PKR Activation by Viral Double
Stranded RNA
Structural Dynamic Approach as Rational Input for Drug Design
Max Perutz: Chemist, Molecular Biologist, Hu
ISBN:9781402059001
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biotechnology , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540366843:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particles and Nuclei [electronic resource] : An Introduction to the Physical Concepts
Author(s): Bogdan Povh
Klaus Rith
Christoph Scholz
Frank Zetsche
Date:2006
Edition:Fifth Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This well-known introductory textbook gives a uniform presentation of nuclear and particle physics from an experimental point of view. The new edition has been extensively revised and updated. The first part, Analysis, is devotedto disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed to uncover the substructures of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being constructedfrom a small number of elementary buildin g blocks and a small number of fundamental interactions. The second part, Synthesis, shows how the elementary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions,which are responsible for the forces in all systems, become l ess and less evident in increasingly complex systems. Such systems are in fact dominated by many-body phenomena. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matterat high temperatures bridge the field of nuclear and particle physics and modern a strophysics and cosmology. New developments are covered, e. g. in sections on the double beta decay including a discussion of the possibility fora neutrinoless decay and its implications for the standard model. The concise text is based on lectures held a t the University of Heidelberg. It has been translated into many languages and has become a standard reference for advancedundergraduate and graduate courses and includes numerous exercises with worked answers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Hors d'oeuvre
Analysis: The Building Blocks of Matter
Global Properties of Nuclei
Nuclear Stability
Scattering
Geometric Shapes of Nuclei
Elastic Scattering of Nucleons
Deep Inelastic Scattering
Quarks, Gluons, and the Strong Interaction
Particle Production in e+e
Collisions
Phenomenology of the Weak Interaction
Exchange Bosons of the Weak Interaction
The Standard Model
Synthesis: Composite Systems
Quarkonia
Mesons Made from Light Quarks
The Baryons
The Nuclear Force
The Structure of Nuclei
Collective Nuclear Excitations
Nuclear Ther
ISBN:9783540366843
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540315001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unconventional Superconductors [electronic resource] : Experimental Investigation of the Order-Parameter Symmetry of Unconventional Superconductors
Author(s): Gernot Goll
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book offers a comprehensive summary of experiments that are especially suited to reveal the order-parameter symmetry of unconventional superconductors. It briefly introduces readers to the basic theoretical concepts and termsof unconventional su perconductivity, followed by a detailed overview of experimental techniques and results investigating the superconducting energy gap and phase, plus the pairing symmetry. This review includes measurements ofspecific heat, thermal conductivity, penetration depth and nuclearmagnetic resonance and muon-spin rotation experiments. Further, point-contact and tunnelling spectroscopy and Josephson experiments are addressed. Current understandingis reviewed from the experimental point of view. With an appendix off ering five tables with almost 200 references that summarize the present results from ambient pressure heavy-fermion and noncopper-oxide superconductors, the monographprovides a valuable resource for further studies in this field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Introduction to Unconventional Superconductivity: A Brief Overview
Basic Theoretical Concepts
Part II: Experimental Methods: Probing the Nodal Structure
Probing the Parity and Spin State
Probing the Energy Gap
Probing the Phase
Probing the Vortices: Lattice Symmetry and Internal Structure
Part III: Possible Unconventional Superconductors: Ce
based Heavy
Fermion Superconductors
U
based Heavy
Fermion Superconductors
Metal
Oxide Superconductors
Appendix
ISBN:9783540315001
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v214
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Superconductivity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540324102:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Parametric X-Ray Radiation in Crystals [electronic resource] : Theory, Experiment and Applications
Author(s): Vladimir Baryshevsky
Ilya Feranchuk
Alexander Ulyanenkov
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This systematic and comprehensive monograph is devoted to parametric X-ray radiation (PXR). This radiation is generated by the motion of electrons inside a crystal, whereby the emitted photons are diffracted by the crystal and theradiation intensity critically depends on the parameters of the crystal structure. Nowadays PXR is the subject of numerous theoretical and experimental studies throughout the world. The first part of the book is a theoretical treatmentof PXR, which includes a new approach to describe the radiation process in crystals. The second part is a survey of PXR experimental results and the possible applications of PXR as a tool for crystal structure analysis and a source oftunable X-ray radiation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory: Electromagnetic Radiation from a Charged Particle in a Crystal
Qualitative Consideration
Radiation of a Charged Particle in Periodic Media
Classical Theory
Quantum Electrodynamics in a Crystal
Experiments and Applications: Characteristics of PXR from Relativistic Electrons
Special Cases of PXR Generation
X
Ray Radiation from Nonrelativistic Particles
Prospective PXR Applications
Collective Effects in PXR within a High
Current Electron Beam
ISBN:9783540324102
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v213
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540288824:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting Techniques [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wolfgang Becker
A. W Castleman
J.P Toennies
W Zinth
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) is a remarkable technique for recording low-level light signals with extremely high precision and picosecond-time resolution. TCSPC has developed from an intrinsically time-consumingand one-dimensional t echnique into a fast, multi-dimensional technique to record light signals. So this reference and text describes how advanced TCSPC techniques work and demonstrates their application to time-resolved laser scanningmicroscopy, single molecule spectroscopy, photon correlation experiments, and diffuse optical tomography of biological tissue. It gives practical hints about constructing suitable optical systems, choosing and using detectors, detectorsafety, preamplifiers, and using the control features and opti mising the operating conditions of TCSPC devices. Advanced TCSPC Techniques is an indispensable tool for everyone in research and development who is confronted with the taskof recording low-intensity light signals in the picosecond and nanosecond range
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Optical Signal Recording
Overview of Photon Counting Techniques
Advanced TCSPC Techniques
Building Blocks of Advanced TCSPC Devices
Applications of Modern TCSPC Techniques
Detectors for Photon Counting
Practice of TCSPC Experiments
ISBN:9783540288824
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v81
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Laser physics , Spectrum analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540268383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Learning About Particles 50 Privileged Years [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jack Steinberger
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Embedded in an autobiographic framework, this book retraces vividly and in some depth the golden years of particle physics as witnessed by one of the scientists who made seminal contributions to the understanding of what is nowknown as the Standard M odel of particle physics. Well beyond a survey of interest to historians of sciences and researchers in the field, this book is a must for all students and young researchers who have learned about the theoreticaland experimental facts that make up the sta ndard model through modern textbooks only. It will provide the interested reader with a first hand account and deeper understanding of the multilayered and sinuous development that finally ledto the present architecture of this theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Origins and Education
Institute for Advanced Study, 19481949, Theory
Berkeley, 19491950, Accelerators
Properties of Pi Mesons
Strange Particles and Bubble Chambers
Neutrinos I
CP Violation
Neutrinos, II
Experiments with the LEP e+e? Collider
ISBN:9783540268383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783642185342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond the Desert 2003 Proceedings of the Fourth Tegernsee International Conference on Particle Physics Beyond the Standard Model, BEYOND 2003, Castle Ringberg, Tegernsee, Germany, 9–14 June 2003
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (1117 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-18534-2
Contents:I SUSY/SUGRA Phenomenology and Early Universe -- Twenty Years of SUGRA -- Dark MatterMuon g-2 and Other SUSY Constraints -- On CPT Symmetry: Cosmological, Quantum-Gravitational and Other Possible Violations and Their Phenomenology --
II Cosmic Microwave Background -- Determination of Cosmological Parameters from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations -- Neutrino Physics from Cosmological Observations -- Can Planck See Transplanck? -- III
Superstrings and Symmetries -- Superstring Phenomenology in Light of LEP, KamLAND and WMAP -- CP-Violating Electron-Nucleon Interactions and CP-Violation Beyond the Standard Model -- Lorentz-Violating Supergravity -- The
Lorentz-Violating Extension of the Standard Model -- A Time Variation of the QCD Scale -- Unification in Higher Dimensions -- Preon Prophecies by the Standard Model -- IV Cosmology and Neutrino Oscillations -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
and Neutrinos -- Cosmoparticle Physics — The Challenge for the Millenium -- Leptogenesis in a Prompt Decay Scenario -- Supernova Neutrino Oscillations: An Analytical Approach -- Neutrino Data, CP Violation, and Cosmological
Implications -- Solar Neutrino Measurements at the SUDBURY Neutrino Observatory -- Indications of Neutrino Oscillation in a 250 km Long-Baseline Experiment -- V Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay -- The HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW 76Ge Double Beta
Experiment in Gran Sasso 1990-2003 and Status of Absolute Neutrino Mass -- The Search For Rare Processes with DAMA/LXe -- Towards a Background-Free ??-Decay Experiment Using the EDELWEISS Cryogenic Ge Detectors -- XMASS Experiment --
Contributions to Fundamental Physics and Constants Using Penning Traps -- The Neutrino Mass Matrix — New Developments -- Single ? and Double 0??? Decays with Majorana Spinors -- VI Fundamental Symmetries and Tests of General Relativity
-- Application of Neutron Interferometry for Tests of Fundamental Physics Questions -- Gravitational Energy Loss and Binary Pulsars in the Scalar Ether-Theory of Gravitation -- Cosmological Term, Mass, and Space-Time Symmetry --
Fermions, Bosons and Locality in Special Relativity with Two Invariant Scales -- New Perspectives in Testing the General Relativistic Lense-Thirring Effect -- ??? Geometries from the Point of View of Different Observers -- VII Dark
Matter Search — Experiments -- Results from DAMA/Nal and Perspectives for DAMA/LIBRA -- GENIUS-Test-Facility Started Operation in GRAN SASSO — with First Ten kg of Naked Germanium Detectors in Liquid Nitrogen -- Latest Results from the
EDELWEISS WIMP Search -- Direct Search for Dark Matter Particles with Very Large Detectors -- VIII Dark Matter Search — Theory -- Why a Ring of Stars at r = 20 kpc? -- The Distribution of Dark Matter in Galaxies: The Core Radius Issue
-- The Supermassive Black Hole at the Center of the Milky Way -- Dark Matter at the Center and in the Halo of the Galaxy -- Light Relic Neutralinos -- QCD Axion and Quintessential Axion -- Conformal Bulk Fields, Dark Energy, and Brane
Dynamics -- IX Supernova, Relic and Solar Neutrinos -- SN 1987 A — Historical View About Registration of the Neutrino Signal with BAKSAN, Kamiokande II, and IMB Detectors -- Relic Supernova Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande -- Supernova
Relic Neutrinos and Observational Implications for Neutrino Oscillation -- The Structure of the Solar Core -- Nuclear Reactions in the Sun after SNO and KamLAND -- X Gamma-Ray Astronomy, Highest Energy Cosmic Rays and GKZ --
Ground-Based Gamma-Ray Astronomy, Status and Perspectives -- Observations of Gamma Ray Bursts with BeppoSAX -- The Physics Potential of AMS: Astrophysics and Astroparticle Physics -- Status and Perspectives of the Pierre Auger
Observatory -- Status of an Atmospheric Cherenkov Imaging Camera for the CANGAROO-III Experiment and Perspective of the Field -- Tau Neutrino Astronomy -- Strongly Interacting Neutrinos as the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays -- XI Neutrino
Factories Underwater and Underground Experiments -- Neutrino Factory and Muon Factory -- Results from the AMANDA Neutrino Telescope -- The Baikal Neutrino Project: Status and Perspectives -- Status of the ANTARES Experiment -- Final
Results of the MACRO Experiment -- ICARUS: A Second-Generation Proton Decay Experiment and Neutrino Observatory at the Gran Sasso Laboratory -- XII Search for New Physics at Colliders -- Results on the Higgs Boson Searches at the LEP
Collider -- Towards Final Results on the Search for R-Parity Violation at LEP -- Status and Perspectives of MECO, the Muon to Electron COnversion Experiment -- Recent D? Results at Run II -- Heavy Ion Collisions -- Search for Exotic
Couplings at DELPHI -- Searches for Leptoquarks with the OPAL Detector at LEP -- XIII Gravitational Waves -- The Search for Gravitational Waves — Status and Perspectives -- XIV Superheavy Elements -- Achievements and Perspectives in
the Search for Super Heavy Elements -- Superheavy Elements — Status of Research in Dubna -- Author Index -- List of Participants
ISBN:9783642185342
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 92
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783642185038:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of the Isotopic Effect in Solids
Author(s): Vladimir G Plekhanov
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (334 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-18503-8
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Phonon Spectra of Solids: Indicator of Their Isotope Purity -- 2.1 Theory of Lattice Dynamics -- 2.2 Elastic Properties -- 2.3 Vibrational Properties -- 3 Thermal Properties -- 3.1 Dependence of the Thermal
Conductivity on the Isotopic Composition -- 3.2 Lattice Constant Dependence on Temperature and Isotopic Composition -- 4 Isotopic Renormalization of the Electronic Excitation Energy Spectrum -- 4.1 Exciton States -- 4.2 Exciton-Phonon
Interaction -- 4.3 Giant Isotopic Effect in the Energy Spectrum of Wannier-Mott Exciton in LiH Crystals -- 4.4 Nonlinear Dependence of Band-Gap Energy on the Isotopic Effect -- 4.5 Renormalization of Binding Energy of Wannier-Mott
Excitons by Isotopic Effect -- 4.6 Nonlinear Dependence of Binding Energy on Isotopic Concentration -- 4.7 Isotopic Effect in the Luminescence Spectrum -- 5 Process of Self-Diffusion in Isotopically Pure Materials and Heterostructures
-- 5.1 General Remarks -- 5.2 The Relation of Diffusion Experiments to the Mathematics of Diffusion -- 5.3 The Self-Diffusion Process -- 5.4 The SIMS-Technique -- 5.5 Self-Diffusion of Li and H in LiH Crystals -- 5.6 Self-Diffusion in
Intrinsic Ge -- 5.7 Self- and Interdiffusion of Ga and Al in Isotopically Pure and Doped Heterostructures -- 6 Neutron Transmutative Doping -- 6.1 The NTD Process: A New Reactor Technology -- 6.2 Reactor Facilities for Transmutative
Doping -- 6.3 Nuclear Reaction Under the Influence of Charged Particles -- 6.4 Nuclear Reaction Under the Action of the ?-Rays -- 6.5 Nuclear Reactions Under the Influence of Neutrons -- 6.6 The Influence of Dopants -- 6.7 Atomic
Displacement Effects in NTD -- 6.8 Experimental Results -- 7 Optical Fiber -- 7.1 Optical Communication -- 7.2 Maxwell’s Equations -- 7.3 Geometric Optics of Fibers -- 7.4 Waveguide Mode Propagation -- 7.5 Pulse Spreading -- 7.6
Materials for Optical Fibers -- 7.7 Fiber Preparation -- 7.8 Isotopes in Fibers -- 8 Laser Materials -- 8.1 Some General Remarks -- 8.2 Absorption and Induced Emission -- 8.3 Semiconductor Lasers -- 8.4 Nonlinear Properties of Excitons
in Isotopically Mixed Crystals -- 9 Other Unexplored Applications of Isotopic Engineering -- 9.1 Isotopic Information Storage -- 9.2 Isotopic Structuring for Fundamental Studies -- 9.3 Other Possibilities -- 10 Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9783642185038
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 70
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Nuclear physics , Atoms , Condensed matter , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials science , Physics , Mechanics , Condensed Matter Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Optical and Electronic Materials , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402028526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2003 Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2003) held in Muscat, Oman, 21–25 September 2003
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (656 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2852-6
Contents:Mössbauer Instrument Package MS-2000IP -- Nuclear Resonant Scattering of Synchrotron Radiation as a Method for Distinction between Covariant Ether Theories and Special Relativity -- Mössbauer Spectrometer with Novel Moving System and
Resonant Detection of Gamma Rays -- Angular Distribution of Hyperfine Magnetic Field in Fe3O4 and Fe66Ni34 from Mössbauer Polarimetry -- Two-Dimensional Mössbauer Spectra -- 57Fe Mössbauer Study of Magnetic Nanowires -- Synthesis and
Mössbauer Study of Maghemite Nanowire Arrays -- Mössbauer Characterization of Iron-Based Nanogranular Films -- Mössbauer Study of Nanocrystalline ?-Fe3?xCoxN System -- Mössbauer Studies of Nanosize CuFe2O4 Particles -- Mössbauer
Studies on Nanocrystalline Diol Capped ?-Fe2O3 -- Hyperfine and Structural Properties of the Mechanically Alloyed (FeMn)30Cu70 System -- 197Au Mössbauer Study of Bimetallic Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemical Technique -- Phase
Composition and Properties of Iron Nanocrystals and Clusters Embedded in MgO Matrix -- Shifting the Superparamagnetic Limit of Nanosized Copper Iron Spinel -- Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 by Aerosol Route and Its
Characterization -- Transitions and Spin Dynamics at Very Low Temperature in the Pyrochlores Yb2Ti2O7 and Gd2Sn2O7 -- Mössbauer and Neutron Diffraction Studies on Co-Al Ferrite -- Mössbauer Studies of Fe0.7?xSi0.3Mnx Alloys --
Observation of Substitutional Fe in CEMS Measurements on Synthetic CVD Diamond -- Interaction between Interstitial Hydrogen and Fe Atoms within the ?-Hydride Phase in Nb1?yFeyHx Alloys -- First Observation of Photoinduced Magnetization
for the Cyano-Bridged 3d–4f Heterobimetallic Assembly Nd(DMF)4(H2O)3(?-CN)Fe(CN)5·H2O (DMF = N,N-Dimethylformamide) -- Non-Magnetic Stainless Steels Reinvestigated — a Small Effective Field Component in External Magnetic Fields --
Magnetic Response and Hyperfine Magnetic Fields at Fe Sites of Sr3Fe2MO9 (M = Mo, Te, W, U) Double-Perovskites -- Modification of Nuclear Decay Constant in the Finite Space -- Mössbauer Studies and Magnetic Properties of Y3?xCexFe5O12
-- Control of Charge Transfer Phase Transition in Iron Mixed-Valence System (n-CnH2n+1)4 N[FeIIFeIII(dto)3] (n = 3?6 dto = C2O2S2) -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study on the Effect of Al-Cr Co-Substitution in Yttrium and Yttrium-Gadolinium
Iron Garnets -- Mössbauer Study of Microstructure and Magnetic Properties (Co, Ni)-Zr Substituted Ba Ferrite Particles -- Mössbauer Studies of Dilute 119Sn and 57Fe in SrRuO3 and Sr2FeRuO6 -- Mössbauer Studies on the Quasibinary System
FeTe1.45-TiTe1.45 -- Magnetic Properties of Iron Clusters in Silver -- Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline FexCu1?x Alloys Prepared by Ball Milling -- The Formation of Lithiated Ti-Doped ?-Fe2O3 Nanocrystalline Particles by
Mechanical Milling of Ti-Doped Lithium Spinel Ferrite -- Effect of Mg2+ on the Magnetic Compensation of Lithium-Chromium Ferrite -- High-Pressure 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Octamethyl-Ethynyl-Ferrocene -- 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopic Study of Fe-B Compounds -- Mössbauer- and EPR-Snapshots of an Enzymatic Reaction: The Cytochrome P450 Reaction Cycle -- The Effect of Biocompatible Coating Layers on Magnetic Properties of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide
Nanoparticles -- Spin States of Iron(III) in Highly Saddled Dodecaphenylporphyrin Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Iron Containing Vitamins and Dietary Supplements -- Comparative Study of Human Liver Ferritin and Chicken Liver by
Mössbauer Spectroscopy. Preliminary Results -- Low-Spin Ferriheme Models of the Cytochromes: Correlation of Molecular Structure with EPR and Mössbauer Spectral Parameters -- Iron-Sulfur Proteins Investigated by EPR-, Mössbauer- and
EXAFS-Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Study of Lanthanum-Strontium Ferromanganite Oxides -- Iron-57 Mössbauer Spectroscopic Investigation of Manganese-Doped ?-Fe2O3 -- Study on Chemical Bond and Electronic State of New Gold Mixed Valence
Complexes Cs2[Au1X2][AuIIIY4] (X, Y = Cl, Br, I) by Means of 197Au Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Magnetic Properties of TlCo2Se2 Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Exploring the Verwey-Type Transition in GdBaFe2O5+? Using 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopy -- First Principles Calculations of Mössbauer Spectra of Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries -- 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study of LaFe1?xCoxO3 (x = 0 and 0.5) Formed by Mechanical Milling -- A
Crystallographic and Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of BaCo0.5xZn0.5xTix Fe12?2xO19 (M-Type Hexagonal Ferrite) -- Laboratory Intercomparison on the Determination of the Fe(II)/Fe(III) Ratio in Glass Using Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- 57Fe
Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study on the Assembled Iron Complexes -- 155Gd Mössbauer Isomer Shifts and Quadrupole Coupling Constants of Gadolinium Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy in the Characterisation of Polymetallic Cluster
Compounds: a Triple Mössbauer Study of (PPh4)[Fe2Ir2(CO)12{?3-Au(PPh3)}] -- The Nonanuclear [Mo(IV){(CN)Fe(III)(3-ethoxysaldptn)}8]Cl4 Complex Compound Exhibits Multiple Spin Transitions Observed by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Processes
in Geophysics Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- High Pressure Mössbauer Studies on FCC Fe53Ni47 Alloy -- Mössbauer and XRD Comparative Study of Host Rock and Iron Rich Mineral Samples from Paz del Rio Iron Ore Mineral Mine in
Colombia -- Characterization and Thermal Behaviour of Garnets from Almandine-Pyrope Series at 1200°C -- Mössbauer Study of Magnetite Formation by Iron- and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria -- What Oxidation State of Iron Determines the
Amethyst Colour? -- Fe-Hydroxysulphates from Bacterial Fe2+ Oxidation -- Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of a Mural Painting from Morgadal Grande, Mexico -- Quantification of Secondary Fe-Phases Formed During Sorption Experiments on
Chlorites -- Synthesis by Coprecipitation of Al-Substituted Hydroxysulphate Green Rust Fe4IIFe(2?y)IIIAlyIII(OH)12SO4, nH2O -- Mössbauer Study of Ancient Albanian Ceramics -- Variation of Some Physical Properties of Brownmillerite
Doped with a Transition Metal Oxide -- Iron-Containing Adsorbents in Great Nile Sediments -- Fe(II–III) Hydroxysalt Green Rusts from Corrosion to Mineralogy and Abiotic to Biotic Reactions by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Identification of
Corrosion Products Due to Seawater and Fresh Water -- Atmospheric Corrosion on Steel Studied by Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Spectrometry as a Powerful Tool to Study Lithium Reactivity Mechanisms for Battery
Electrode Materials -- Arrangements of Interstitial Atoms in fcc Fe-C and Fe-N Solid Solutions -- A Dilute-Limit Heat of Solution of 3d Transition Metals in Iron Studied with 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Distribution of N Atoms in
the fcc Fe-N Interstitial Solid Solution -- Distribution of Mn Atoms in a Substitutional bcc-FeMn Solid Solution -- Effect of Sulfur Addition on the Redox State of Iron in Iron Phosphate Glasses -- Structural and Electronic Features of
Sb-Based Electrode Materials: 121Sb Mössbauer Spectrometry -- Study of Disordered Fe2Cr(1?x)MnxAl Alloys -- Mössbauer and X-ray Study of Fe1?xAlx, 0.2 ? x ? 0.5, Samples Produced by Mechanical Alloying -- Investigation of Steel
Surfaces Treated by a Hybrid Ion Implantation Technique -- Ferromagnetic Planar Nanocomposites -- Surface and Interface Investigations by Nuclear Resonant Scattering with Standing Waves -- Nuclear Resonant Reflectivity Investigations
of a Thin Magnetic 57Fe Layer Adjacent to a Superconducting V Layer -- CEMS Investigations of Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation Effects in Tb/Fe Multilayers -- Thermally Induced Processes of Intermetalloid Phase Formation in Laminar Systems
Fe-Sn -- DCEMS Study of Thin Oxide Layers and Interface of Stainless Steel Films Deposited by Sputtering Austenitic AISI304 -- CEMS Study on Fe Films Deposited by Laser Ablation -- The Investigation of the Magnetic Properties of
Metallic Multilayers by Angle Dependent Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Concluding Remarks -- Author Index
ISBN:9781402028526
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401732727:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Cosmology of Extra Dimensions and Varying Fundamental Constants A JENAM 2002 Workshop Porto, Portugal 3–5 September 2002
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (252 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-3272-7
Contents:The cosmology of extra dimensions and varying fundamental constants -- String theory, cosmology and varying constants -- Cosmological parameters from Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropies: Status and prospects -- Cosmology in a
brane-universe -- Brane world effective action at low energies -- Varying fundamental constants from a string-inspired brane world model -- Cosmology ‘without’ constants -- Variable speed of light theories -- Varying fundamental
constants: A dynamical systems approach -- A resolution of the cosmological singularity in string theory -- The global structure of the colliding bubble braneworld universe -- The value of ?0 in a colliding bubble universe --
Inhomogeneous dark radiation dynamics on a de Sitter brane -- The confrontation between general relativity and experiment -- The implications of experimental uncertainties in Newton’s constant on the standard evolution of the Sun --
Varying fine-structure constant and the cosmological constant problem -- Does the fine structure constant vary? A third quasar absorption sample consistent with varying ? -- Does the fine structure constant vary? A detailed
investigation into systematic effects -- Does the proton-to-electron mass ratio ? = mp/me vary in the course of cosmological evolution? -- Measuring ? in the early universe -- Constraining theoretical models with astronomical and
geophysical bounds -- White dwarf constraints on exotic physics -- Possible evidence of time variation of weak interaction constant from double beta decay experiments -- Varying constants, nuclear physics and unification --
Cosmological perturbations of an expanding brane in an antide Sitter bulk: A short review -- Varying constants in brane world scenarios -- Cosmological tensor perturbations in brane world models -- Holographic view of cosmological
perturbations -- Constants and variations: From alpha to omega -- A qualitative analysis of the attractor mechanism of general relativity -- Non-Abelian brane cosmology -- Chaos and brane-worlds -- Multidimensional cosmology and
asymptotical AdS -- Black hole solutions in braneworlds with induced gravity
ISBN:9789401732727
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401000765:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Techniques and Concepts of High-Energy Physics XII
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (383 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0076-5
Contents:THE STANDARD MODEL AND THE TOP QUARK -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Standard Model -- 3 Virtual Top Quark -- 4 Top Strong Interactions -- 5 Top Weak Interactions -- NEUTRINO PHYSICS -- 1 Lecture 1: Neutrino Masses -- 2 Lecture 2: Neutrino
Oscillations -- 3 Lecture 3: Solar and Atmospheric Neutrinos -- THE SUPERSYMMETRIC UNIVERSE -- 1 Getting Motivated -- 2 Simple Models -- 3 Towards Realistic Models -- 4 Phenomenology -- 5 Lepton Flavour Violation -- 6 Concluding
Remarks -- WEIGHING THE UNIVERSE -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Dark Matter -- COSMOLOGY, INFLATION AND THE PHYSICS OF NOTHING -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Resurrecting Einstein’s greatest blunder -- 3 The Cosmic Microwave Background -- 4 Inflation
-- 5 Looking for signs of quantum gravity in inflation -- 6 Conclusion -- SILICON DETECTORS -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Silicon Strip Detector Principles of Operation -- 3 Silicon Strip Detector Performance -- 4 Radiation Damage to Silicon
Devices -- 5 Silicon Sensor Fabrication -- 6 Construction of Detector Modules -- 7 Front-end Electronics -- 8 Silicon Detectors in Experiments -- 9 Other Types of Silicon Detector -- 10 Conclusions -- GASEOUS DETECTORS: THEN AND NOW --
1 Introduction and Historical Overview -- 2 Single Wire Proportional Chamber (SWPC) -- 3 Multiwire Proportional Chambers -- 4 Drift and Diffusion of Charges in Gases Under the Influence of and Electric Field -- 5 Large Volume Tracking
-- 6 Limitations in Wire Chambers and Future Perspectives -- NUCLEI AT THE BORDERLINE OF THEIR EXISTENCE -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Nuclear Shells and the Stability of Heavy Elements -- 3 Reactions of Synthesis -- 4 Strategies of
Experiments and Experimental Equipment -- 5 Experiments Devoted to the Synthesis of Superheavy Nuclei 48Ca + 244Pu Reaction -- 6 Experiments with the 248Cm-target. Synthesis of Element 116 -- 7 Even-odd Isotopes. Experiments with 238U
and 242Pu -- 8 Comparison with Theoretical Predictions 369 -- 9 Consequences and Prospects -- PARTICIPANTS
ISBN:9789401000765
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry: 123
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401005227:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Techniques and Concepts of High-Energy Physics
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (411 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0522-7
Contents:1 The Standard Model: 30 Years of Glory -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 QCD -- 1.3 Weak interaction and quark and lepton families -- 1.4 LEP and SLC: The ideal machines for Standard Model studies -- 1.5 Conclusion -- 2 Bremsstrahlung --
2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Small coupling, large logarithms and evolution -- 2.3 Bremsstrahlung, coherence, conservation of current -- 2.4 Back to QCD 80 -- 3 Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Non-conservation of
baryon number -- 3.3 Hot Big Bang -- 3.4 Grand unified baryogenesis -- 3.5 Leptogenesis -- 3.6 Electroweak baryogenesis -- 3.7 Conclusions -- 4 Introduction to Superstring Theory -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Lecture 1: Overview and
Motivation -- 4.3 Lecture 2: String Theory Basics -- 4.4 Lecture 3: Superstrings -- 4.5 Lecture 4: From Super strings to M Theory -- 5 Neutrino Mass and Oscillations -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Neutrinos in the Standard Model -- 5.3
Direct Measurements of Neutrino Mass -- 5.4 Motivating Neutrino Mass and Sterile Neutrinos in the Theory -- 5.5 Neutrino Oscillation Formalism -- 5.6 Experimental Signals for Oscillations -- 5.7 Experiments Which Set Limits on
Oscillations -- 5.8 Theoretical Interpretation of the Data -- 5.9 The Future (Near and Far) -- 5.10 Conclusions -- 6 New Developments in Charged Particle Tracking -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Experimental Environment - New Challenges --
6.3 Charged Particle Tracking with Gaseous Detectors -- 6.4 Charged Particle Tracking with Semiconductor Detectors -- 6.5 Radiation Damage Issues - (a) Gaseous Detectors -- 6.6 Radiation Damage Issues - (b) Silicon Detectors -- 6.7 New
Tracking Systems - Selected Example -- 6.8 Summary -- 7 Issues in Calorimetry -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Physics of electromagnetic showers -- 7.3 Energy resolution of electromagnetic calorimeters -- 7.4 Physics of hadronic showers --
7.5 Energy resolution of hadronic calorimeters -- 7.6 Calorimeter performance requirements -- 7.7 Main calorimeter techniques -- 7.8 Calorimeter calibration -- 7.9 Calorimeter integration in an experiment -- 7.10 Conclusions -- 8 An
Update on the Properties of the Top Quark -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 More on mass and cross section -- 8.3 Search for decay of top into a charged Higgs -- 8.4 Helicity of the W and spin correlations in top decays -- 8.5 Conclusion -- 9
Accelerator Physics and Circular Colliders -- 9.1 Accelerator Physics Concepts -- 9.2 Present Day Circular Colliders -- 9.3 Future Circular Colliders -- 10 Workshop on Confidence Limits -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Goal of Workshop --
10.3 Main Issues -- 10.4 Conclusions -- Participants
ISBN:9789401005227
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 566
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783662045879:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe Fourth International Symposium Held at Marina del Rey, CA, USA February 23–25, 2000
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (544 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04587-9
Contents:I Overview of Cosmological Parameters and Concept -- Cosmological Parameters -- The Cosmological Constant Problems -- The Cosmological Constant from the Viewpoint of String Theory -- The Dark Matter Telescope -- II The Cosmological
Constant Evidence -- Dust Versus Supernova Cosmology -- Measurement of the Cosmological Constant from Galactic Velocity Rotation Data -- An Introduction to Quintessence -- Is the ACDM Model Consistent with Observations of Large-Scale
Structure? -- Light Scalars in Cosmology -- III Precision Cosmology Measurements -- Optimal Supernova Search Strategies -- The Second Peak: The Dark-Energy Density and the Cosmic Microwave Background -- Latest Cosmological Constraints
on the Densities of Hot and Cold Dark Matter -- Prospects for MAP & PLANCK -- Studying Dark Matter with ACBAR on Viper -- Resonant Photon—Graviton Conversion as a Probe into Inflationary Universe -- IV Baryonic Dark Matter -- Death of
Stellar Baryonic Dark Matter -- EROS Microlensing Results: Not Enough Machos in the Galactic Halo -- Neutralino Dark Matter Versus Galaxy Formation -- Cosmological Relativity: A General-Relativistic Theory for the Accelerating
Expanding Universe -- V Theory of Dark Matter Processes -- Relic Neutralinos and Dark Matter -- CP Violation and Dark Matter -- Mirror Dark Matter -- Neutralino Proton Cross Sections for Dark Matter in SUGRA and D-BRANE Models --
Antimatter from Supersymmetric Dark Matter -- Relic Abundances and the Boltzmann Equation -- Supersymmetry, Q-Balls, and Dark Matter -- SIMP (Strongly Interacting Massive Particle) Search -- Self-Interacting Dark Matter -- Prediction
of ?M and Estimate of ?? -- Accurate Dark Matter Theory and Exact Solutions -- VI Possible Evidence for Dark Matter Particles -- Recent DAMA Results -- Annual Signal Modulation to Search for WIMPs and Direct Searching -- Recent Results
from the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles -- Pulse Shape Discrimination and Dark Matter Search with NaI (Tl) Scintillator at the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane -- Interpretation of the Anomalous
NaI Events -- Combining Information from Direct and Indirect Searches for WIMPs -- VII Search for Dark Matter Particles Around the World -- Progress on the Boulby Mine Dark Matter Experiments -- Status of the EDELWEISS Experiment --
Status of Dark Matter Search with the HDMS Experiment and the GENINO Project -- The CRESST Dark Matter Search -- Dark Matter Experiments in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory -- Dark Matter Results in the MIBETA Experiment -- Search
for Dark Matter WIMPs Using Upward-Going Muons in Super-Kamiokande -- Search for SUSY Dark Matter with CMS at LHC -- VIII New Detectors for the Dark Matter Search -- Design of the ZEPLIN II Detector -- Development of a Two-Phase Xenon
Discriminating Detector for Use in Dark Matter Searches at the Boulby Underground Laboratory -- A Project of a New Detector for Direct Dark Matter Search: MACHe3 -- Status and Prospects for SIMPLE -- Measurement of Scintillation
Amplification in a Xenon Detector with a CsI-Luminescence Plate -- Hot and Cold Dark Matter Search with GENIUS -- IX Hot Dark Matter -- Large Extra Dimensions and Hot Dark Matter -- Detecting Ultra High Energy Neutrinos by Upward Tau
Airshowers and Gamma Flashes -- Super-Kamiokande 0.07 eV Neutrinos in Cosmology: Hot Dark Matter and the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays -- Future Neutrino Astrophysics Projects at the UK Boulby Mine -- Symposium Agenda
ISBN:9783662045879
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Space sciences , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Physics , Cosmology , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Particle and Nuclear Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783642566431:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dark Matter in Astro- and Particle Physics Proceedings of the International Conference DARK 2000 Heidelberg, Germany, 10–14 July 2000
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (740 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56643-1
Contents:I Astronomical Evidence for Dark Matter -- Large-Scale Structure and Dark Matter Problem -- The Distribution of Dark Matter in Galaxies: Constant-Density Dark Halos Envelop the Stellar Disks -- The Amount of Dark Matter in Spiral
Galaxies -- Measuring Stellar and Dark Mass Fractions in Spiral Galaxies -- Dark Matter Caustics -- Constraints on White Dwarfs as Galactic Halo Dark Matter -- Contribution to Dark Matter from Extragalactic Dust -- Astrophysical Axion
Bounds -- The Sloan Digital Sky Survey at the Millennium -- X-Ray Measurements of the Dark Matter Content of Galaxy Clusters -- Can Dark Matter See Itself? -- Self-Interacting Cold Dark Matter Halos -- II Cosmology and the Early
Universe -- Evidence for Dark Energy from a Study of Type la Supernovae -- On the Mystery of the Cosmic Vacuum Energy Density -- Can Quintessence Be Natural? -- Preheating, Thermilaziation and Supergravity -- Dark Energy in Extra
Dimensions and String Theory: Consistency Conditions -- Models of Inflation, Supersymmetry Breaking and Observational Constraints -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Related Observations -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis in the Precision Era --
III Beyond the Standard Model -- Testing a (Stringy) Model of Quantum Gravity -- Particles in the Bulk: A Higher-Dimensional Approach to Neutrino and Axion Phenomenology -- Dark Matter in Supergravity -- Dark Matter in SUSY -- Collider
Signatures of Sneutrino Cold Dark Matter -- Searching for Supersymmetric Dark Matter — the Directional Rate for Caustic Rings -- Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter -- Formation of Primordial Black Holes by Multi-Winding String
Collapse -- Baryonic Q-Balls as Dark Matter -- Gluino Axion -- IV Gravitational Lensing and Baryonic Dark Matter -- Gravitational Lensing and Dark Matter -- The MACHO Project 5.7 Year LMC Results -- Are There MACHOs in Our Galactic
Halo? -- What Are MACHOs? Interpreting LMC Microlensing -- Microlensing by Non-Compact Astronomical Objects: Theory and Possible Interpretation of Observational Data -- V Hot Dark Matter — Neutrino Masses: Phenomenology and Experiments
-- Neutrino Physics: Status and Prospect -- Degenerate and Other Neutrino Mass Scenarios and Dark Matter -- Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Potential in a Large Mixing Angle World -- The Weight of Neutrinos and Related Questions --
Neutrino Masses and Leptogenesis from R Parity Violation -- Shadows of Relic Neutrino Masses and Spectra on Highest Energy GZK Cosmic Rays -- Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments -- Recent Results from Experiments Using the
Super-Kamiokande Detector -- First Neutrino Observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory -- Evidence for Neutrino Oscillations in LSND -- Neutrino Mass from Tritium ?-Decay -- Latest Results from the Heidelberg—Moscow
Double-Beta-Decay Experiment -- VI Direct Dark Matter Detection -- Recent Results from the DAMA Experiments for Particle Dark Matter Search -- Results of the Saclay NaI(Tl) WIMP Search Experiment and Comparison with Other NaI(Tl)
Experiments -- Status of the HDMS Experiment, the GENIUS Project and the GENIUS-TF -- Results of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search -- The EDELWEISS Experiment: Status and Outlook -- The CRESST Dark Matter Search -- Current Status of the
DRIFT Project and UKDMC Dark Matter Search -- The Status of SIMPLE-2000 -- The PICASSO Project, Present Status and Future Developements -- The LiF Dark Matter Experiment at Kamioka Mine -- ZEPLIN II and Amplification of Primary
Scintillation -- Lower Limit on the Mass of the Neutralino (LSP) at LEP with the ALEPH Detector -- The U.S. Large-Scale Dark Matter Axion Search -- The Rydberg-Atom-Cavity Axion Search -- VII Indirect Dark Matter Searches -- Indirect
Method of Cold Dark Matter Search -- Neutrino Oscillation Effects in Indirect Detection of Dark Matter -- Higgs Bosons and the Indirect Search for WIMPs -- Ultra High Energy Neutrinos by Tau Airshowers -- Neutrino Astronomy and
Indirect Search for WIMPs -- Status of the Neutrino Telescope AMANDA: Monopoles and WIMPS -- The BAIKAL Neutrino Project: Status Report -- VIII Concluding Remarks -- Concluding Remarks for Dark 2000 -- List of Participants -- Author
Index
ISBN:9783642566431
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Particle and Nuclear Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781461513117:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Many-Particle Spectroscopy of Atoms, Molecules, Clusters, and Surfaces
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (518 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-1311-7
Contents:1. Experimental study of interferences in non-coplanar (e,2e) cross sections -- 2. Ionization of laser oriented sodium atoms by polarized electrons -- 3. Time-dependent calculation of electron-hydrogen single differential ionization
cross sections using pseudostates -- 4. (e,2e) processes on isoelectronic hydrogen- and alkali-like ions: Scaling laws -- 5. Asymptotics of the helium bound states -- 6. An application of the Coulomb scattering theory to ionization
processes -- 7. Exact versus local exchange in distorted-wave Born calculations of electron impact ionisation -- 8. On the influence of using Dirac-Fock rather than density functional Potentials in the relativistic DWBA approximation
-- 9. Effective potential study of (e,2e) processes with polarized electrons -- 10. Low energy (e,2e) ionization of argon in the equal energy sharing geometry -- 11. Low energy inner-valence electron impact ionization of argon -- 12.
Electron-electron coincidence studies in Xenon with precisely tailored equipment -- 13. Influence of post collision interaction on the line-shape of auger-electron spectra in electron impact ionisation -- 14. Direct observations of
satellite and inner-valence states of Xe2+ -- 15. Spin-Flip transitions for the resonantly excited Xe*(6p3/2)N5O2,3O2,3 Auger spectrum -- 16. Multiple scattering processes in ion atom single ionisation -- 17. Rescattering of an atomic
electron in a time-dependent field -- 18. Recent progress in theory of atomic double photoionization -- 19. The double ionisation of helium by both photon and electron impact -- 20. Is the optical limit approached in coplanar (e,3e)
experiments on He at high and intermediate energies? -- 21. The role of the momentan transfer in (e,3e) collisions on helium -- 22. Electron-impact double ionization to investigate electron correlation -- 23. (e,3e) as a two-step
process -- 24. (e,3e) processes: A brief theoretical review and new ideas -- 25. On the importance of the second order term for double excitation processes of helium by charged particles -- 26. (PS, E+E-) -- 27. Differential
measurements of single and multiple ionisation of argon by positron impact -- 28. A multi-technique investigation of doubly-excited states of N2 -- 29. Fragment ion-photon coincidence (FIPCO) study of dissociative ionization
accompanying light emission by electron impact on hydrocarbon molecules -- 30. An electron momentan spectroscopy study on molecules having two equivalent functional groups -- 31. Study of multicapture cross sections using
multicoincidence technique in Xe30+ on C60 collisions -- 32. On the role of screening in metallic clusters -- 33. Assorted remarks on density functional theory -- 34. (e,2e) studies of Condensed matter: A review of recent results --
35. Theory of electron- and photon-induced two-electron emission from surfaces -- 36. (e,2e) spectroscopy of high-Tc cuprate oxides -- 37. Double-electron photoemission from surfaces -- 38. The electronic structure of Ag/Cu(100) and
Pd/Cu(100) surface alloys studied by Auger-photoelectron coincidence spectroscopy -- 39. The effect of confinement in double photoemission -- 40. Semiclassical study of the rydberg atoms near a metal surface
ISBN:9781461513117
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Optics , Electrodynamics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Solid state physics , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Physical Chemistry , Solid State Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783709168004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:N* Physics and Nonperturbative Quantum Chromodynamics Proceedings of the Joint ECT*/JLAB Workshop, Trento, Italy, May 18–29, 1998
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (375 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-6800-4
Contents:Electromagnetic Excitation of Baryon Resonances and the CLAS N* Program -- Perturbative QCD Applied to Baryons -- Boson and Gluon Exchange and the Quark-Quark Interaction -- Semirelativistic Constituent-Quark Model with
Goldstone-Boson-Exchange Hyperfme Interactions -- Hadronic Decays of Baryon Resonances in the Goldstone-Boson-Exchange Constituent Quark Model -- Multiquark States in a Goldstone Boson Exchange Model -- Hypercentral Constituent Quark
Model -- The Nucleon Wave Function in Light-Front Dynamics -- Lorentz Covariant Spin-Grouping of Baryon Resonances -- Baryon Properties in Soliton Models -- QCD Sum Rules and Soft-Hard Interplay for Hadronic Form Factors --
Light-Baryon Spectroscopy and the Electromagnetic Form Factors in the Quark Model -- Charge-Current Operators Consistent with a Semi-relativistic Hamiltonian -- NN and N? Form Factors Viewed from ChPT -- Missing Baryons -- Amplitude
Analysis -- Baryon Resonance Spectrum, Error Analysis, Background Effects -- Coupled-Channel Analysis of N* Photoproduction -- Parity-Violating ?(1232) Electroweak Production: Axial Structure and New Physics -- Nucleon Axial Matrix
Elements -- Electroproduction of the ?(1232) and S11(1535) Resonances at High Momentum Transfer -- Axial Vector Form Factor GAN? for the N? ?(1232) Transition -- Exchange Currents and Nucleon Deformation -- The N-?(1232)
Electromagnetic Transition -- Multipole Analyses for p(?, ?) and p(?, ?) in the Region of the P33 ? Resonance -- Theories of Electromagnetic Productions of Pions -- Single Pion Electroproduction in the ? (1232) Resonance from CLAS Data
at Jefferson Lab -- Pion Photo- and Electroproduction on the Proton -- Photoabsorption on Bound Nucleons in the Resonance Region -- The Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn Sum Rule - Experimental Aspects -- Dispersion Approach to Pion
Photoproduction and GDH Sum Rule -- DIS contribution to the GDH Sum Rule -- ? Meson Photoproduction -- The Role of N*(1520) Resonance in Eta Photoproduction in the Light of New Polarization Data -- Beam Polarisation Asymmetries in
Meson Photoproduction at Graal -- ? Physics and Multi-Resonance Coupled-Channel Analysis -- K Meson Photo- and Electro- Production with CLAS at Jefferson Lab -- Study of the Strange Hadrons Electromagnetic Form Factors via the Process
ep ? e’K+? -- Effective Lagrangian Study of the ?p -> K+? (Spin 3/2 Resonances and Their Off-Shell Effects) -- SU(3) Chiral Dynamics with Coupled Channels: Eta and Kaon Production -- The Diquark Model for Exclusive Reactions -- Single
Meson Photoproduction via Higher Twist Mechanism and IR Renormalons -- Double Pion Production Experiments -- Double Pion Production Reactions -- Baryon Resonances in the Double Pion Channel at Jefferson Lab (CEBAF): Experimental and
Physical Analysis Status and Perspectives -- Description of Two-Pion Production on Proton by Real and Virtual Photons in N* Excitation Region -- Vector Meson Production -- Spin Information from Vector-Meson Decay in Photoproduction --
Real and Virtual Compton Scattering (experiments) -- Virtual Compton Scattering — Generalized Polarizabilities of Nucleons and Pions -- Dispersion Theoretical Analysis of the Nucléon Spin Polarizabilities -- The Spin of the Nucleon --
Nucleon Structure Functions and Light-Front Dynamics -- Nucleon Structure Functions in a Constituent Quark Scenario -- Strangeness and Charm Production with HERMES -- Questions on the Quark Model: Panel Discussion -- List of
Participants -- Author Index
ISBN:9783709168004
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Few-Body Systems, Supplement 11: 11
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461548775:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Roots of Things Topics in Quantum Mechanics
Author(s): Alan A Grometstein
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (576 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4877-5
Contents:1 Themes -- Appendix DIR Paul Dirac -- 2 O Light Divine -- Appendix FOU Fourier Analysis -- Appendix FRE Frequency -- Appendix MEC Mechanism -- 3 The Young Experiment (1801) -- Appendix GED Gedanken Experiments -- 4 A Whiff of Ether
(1887) -- Appendix ABE Aberration -- Appendix RIT Ritz Stars -- Appendix PDX Paradox and Antinomy -- 5 Prof. Planck Is Desperate (1901) -- Appendix PLA Max Planck -- Appendix STA Standing Waves -- 6 The Photoelectric Effect (1902) -- 7
Dr. Einstein’s Light Arrows (1905) -- 8 Young Revisited (1909) -- 9 The Nuclear Atom (1904-1912) -- Appendix SPH Spheres -- 10 Bohr’s Atom (1913-1925) -- Appendix ACC Accelerated Charges -- 11 Compton’s Shift (1923) -- 12 A Princely
Postulate (1924) -- Appendix ENE Energy of an Electron -- 13 Realism and Other Isms -- 14 Inventing the Wave Equation (1926) -- Appendix WEL Well-Behaved Waves -- Appendix CMP Completeness -- 15 Collapsing the Wave -- Appendix HEI
Werner Heisenberg -- Appendix COM Commutativity -- 16 Copenhagen Takes Over (1925¡ª?) -- Appendix BOH Niels Bohr -- 17 EPR (1935) and EPR-B -- Appendix LIT Lightcones -- Appendix PAU Wolfgang Pauli -- 18 Bell’s Thunderbolt (1964) -- 19
The Toll of Bell -- Appendix SCH Schrödinger’s Cat -- Appendix TIM Troublesome Time -- 20 Envoi -- References -- Name Index
ISBN:9781461548775
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Philosophy and science , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , History, general , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461548393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing
Author(s): S. A Kazantsev
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (361 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4839-3
Contents:1. Physical Introduction: Concepts, Phenomenology, Retrospectives, Applications -- 1.1. Polarization of Atomic Ensembles in Ionized Media -- 1.2. Polarization of Solar Flare Emission -- 1.3. Impact Polarization -- 1.4. Gas Discharge
Studies -- 1.5. Collisional Kinetics of Polarization -- 1.6. Spectropolarimetric Sensing -- 1.7. Polarization Effects in the Earth Atmosphere -- 2. Polarization of a Photon Beam -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Wave Function of a Photon --
2.3. Momentum, Spin, and Parity of a Photon -- 2.4. Rotation Matrix -- 2.5. Spinors -- 2.6. Relationship between the Polarization Direction and Characteristics of a Photon -- 2.7. Relationship between Stokes Parameters and the
Characteristics of an Optical Field -- 2.8. Concluding Remarks -- 3. Theory of Collisional Spectropolarimetric Effects -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Density Matrix of an Atomic Ensemble -- 3.3. Polarization Density Matrix -- 3.4.
Polarization Moments of the Density Matrix -- 3.5. Physical Meaning of Polarization Moments -- 3.6. Polarization Moments and Spectral Characteristics of an Atomic Ensemble -- 3.7. Density Matrix Relaxation Theory -- 3.8. Collisional
Evolution of Polarization Moments -- 3.9. Interaction with an Electromagnetic Field -- 3.10. Impact Alignment Cross Section -- 3.11. Anisotropic Collisional Relaxation of Excited Hydrogen Atoms -- 3.12. Spectropolarimetric Effects for
Angular Correlation Experiments -- 3.13. Concluding Remarks -- 4. Fast Particle Collision with a Heavy Atomic Target -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Born Expansion of the Scattering Amplitude -- 4.3. The Glauber Approximation -- 4.4. The
System of Impact Parameter Equations -- 4.5. Concluding Remarks -- 5. Theory of Anisotropic Collisional Relaxation -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Symmetry of the Collisional Relaxation Cross Section Matrix -- 5.3. Rate Constants of
Collisional Relaxation in Case of Partial Anisotropy -- 5.4. Distribution Functions of Relative Velocities -- 5.5. Collisional Relaxation of Polarization Moments under Intermultiplet Mixing -- 5.6. Anisotropie Collisional Alignment of
a Narrow Multiplet -- 5.7. Anisotropie Relaxation and Polarization of Light -- 5.8. Depolarizing Collisions with Charged Particles -- 5.9. Concluding Remarks -- 6. Theory of Charge Exchange Polarization -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2.
Theory of an Electron in the Field of Two Coulomb Centers -- 6.3. Distorted Wave Approximation Theory -- 6.4. Pseudolevel Technique for Computing the Polarization of Ions -- 6.5. Concluding Remarks -- 7. Spectropolarimeters for Solar
Problems -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Spectropolarimetric Techniques of Meudon Observatory (France) -- 7.3. Polarimetric Observations in the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Ukraine) -- 7.4. The Spectropolarimeter of the Institute of
Solar and Terrestrial Physics (Irkutsk, Russia) -- 7.5. Solar Spectropolarimeter of Sacramento Peak Observatory (USA) -- 7.6. Concluding Remarks -- 8. Solar Flare Observations at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Ukraine) -- 8.1.
Introduction -- 8.2. Technique of Observation and Data Processing -- 8.3. Degree of Polarization along the Hydrogen H? Line -- 8.4. Spatial Distribution of the Degree of Polarization -- 8.5. Orientation of the Polarization Plane --
8.6. Concluding Remarks -- 9. Observations of Polarization Effects at the Irkutsk Institute of Solar and Terrestrial Physics (Russia) -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Spectropolarimetric Parameters of H? and H? Lines for the Flare on
15.09.1981 -- 9.3. Spectropolarimetric Parameters of the Active Region 5669 (SGD) on 07.09.1989 -- 9.4. Detection of the Linear Polarization of the Flare on 16.05.1991 -- 9.5. Concluding Remarks -- 10. Solar Flare Observations at
Meudon Observatory (France) -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Linear Polarization of Emission of the Flare on 17.05.1980 -- 10.3. Spectropolarimetric Effects of the Flare on 15.07.1980 -- 10.4. Spectropolarimetric Features of Three Flares
on 11.07.1982 -- 10.5. Polarization Effects of the Emission of Two Flares on 17.07.1982 -- 10.6. Concluding Remarks -- 11. Spectropolarimetric Measurements of Mustaches -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Polarization of Emission of
Mustaches near the Solar Limb -- 11.3. Spectropolarimetric Measurements of Mustaches with an H? Filter -- 11.4. Improved Spectropolarimetric Observations of Mustaches on 14.11.1985 -- 11.5. Observations of Mustaches at Baikal
Astrophysical Observatory -- 11.6. Observations of Mustaches at Sacramento Peak Observatory -- 11.7. Concluding Remarks -- 12. Methodology of Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Spectropolarimetric Sensing
Using Ground-Based Observations -- 12.3. Role of the Solar Magnetic Field -- 12.4. Linear Polarization of H? and H? Hydrogen Lines in the Born Approximation -- 12.5. Linear Polarization of the H? Hydrogen Line in the Glauber
Approximation -- 12.6. Linear Polarization of H? and H? Hydrogen Lines by the Impact Parameter Method -- 12.7. Linear Polarization of the L? Hydrogen Line -- 12.8. Concluding Remarks -- 13. Impact Spectropolarimetric Diagnostics of
Nonthermal Phenomena in the Solar Atmosphere -- 13.1. Introduction -- 13.2. Energy Transport into the Chromospheric Region of a Solar Flare -- 13.3. Determination of Proton Energy for the Flare on 16.05.1991 -- 13.4. Impact
Spectropolarimetric Sensing for the Flare on 15.09.1981 -- 13.5. Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing of Mustaches -- 13.6. Concluding Remarks -- 14. Conclusions -- References
ISBN:9781461548393
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783540691037:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chiral Dynamics: Theory and Experiment Proceedings of the Workshop Held in Mainz, Germany, 1–5 September 1997
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (394 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104893
Contents:to chiral dynamics: Theory and experiment -- Aspects of chiral dynamics -- Light quark masses and condensates in QCD -- Connections between lattice gauge theory and chiral perturbation theory -- Nucleon-nucleon interaction and isospin
violation -- Valence quark model from lattice QCD -- New developments in threshold pion photoproduction and electroproduction -- Experiments on threshold pion photoproduction ?p ? p? 0 -- Experiments on threshold pion electroproduction
-- Experiments on the N ? ? transition -- The ?(1232) as an effective degree of freedom in chiral perturbation theory -- SU(3) chiral dynamics with coupled channels: Eta and kaon production -- Status of three-flavor baryon chiral
perturbation theory -- Working group on electromagnetic production of goldstone bosons -- Chiral perturbation theory and nucleon polarizabilities -- Experiments on nucleon polarizabilities -- Pion and kaon polarizabilities and
radiative transitions -- Working group on hadron polarizabilities and form factors -- Goldstone boson production and decay -- Working group on goldstone boson production and decay -- Pion-pion and pion-nucleon interactions in chiral
perturbation theory -- Low energy experiments on ?-? scattering -- Working group on ?? and ?N interactions
ISBN:9783540691037
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 513
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9780306470851:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Mass
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/b114980
Contents:Gravitational Mass -- A New Cosmological Parameter Spanning the Microcosm and Macrocosm -- Top Quark and Electroweak Mass -- Anti-De Sitter Black Holes and Their Superpartners in 2+1 Dimensions -- The Case for a Standard Model with
Anomalous U(1) -- p-Form Charges and p-Brane Spectra -- Neutrino Masses -- Karmen-Upgrade: Improvement in the Search for Neutrino Oscillations and First Results -- Atmospheric Neutrino Flux Studies with the Super-Kamiokande Detector --
Numerical Field Theory on the Continuum -- Progress on New and Old Ideas -- Leptoquarks Revisited -- The Relation of Spin, Statistics, Locality and TCP -- Testing a CPT- and Lorentz-Violating Extension of the Standard Model -- Tests of
CPT and Lorentz Symmetry in Penning-Trap Experiments -- Mass Hierarchy and Flat Directions in String Models -- Measurement of the Mass of the Intermediate Vector Bosons at LEP -- Polarized Parity Violating Electron Scattering on 3He
from Low to High Energy -- Gauge Dyonic Strings and Their Global Limit -- Particle Masses -- Quark Mass Hierarchy and Flavor Mixing -- Quark Masses, B-Parameters, and CP Violation Parameters ? and ??/? -- Progress on New and Old Ideas
II -- Particles as Bound States in Their Own Potentials -- Enhanced Symmetries and Tensor Theories in Six Dimensions -- Quark Masses in Dual Theories -- The BaBar Experiment at SLAC -- On the Mass of the Kuiper Belt -- Nucleon
Stability and Dark Matter Constraints on Susy Unification -- Large N Duality of Yang-Mills Theory on a Torus -- Susy Masses with Non-Universal Soft Breaking
ISBN:9780306470851
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Cosmology , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9789401158862:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Developments on Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (458 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-5886-2
Contents:1. The Hidden-Measurement Formalism: Quantum Mechanics as a Consequence of Fluctuations on the Measurement -- 2. A Model with Varying Fluctuations in the Measurement Context -- 3. Short-Time Behavior and Zero Effect in Relativistic
Quantum Field Theory -- 4. A Minimal Local Extension of the Quantum Formalism -- 5. Chaos and Decoherence in a Quantum System with a Regular Classical Counterpart -- 6. Quantum Computation -- 7. Superdiffusive Behavior in Weakly
Chaotic Systems: A New Avenue to Quantum Macroscopic Manifestations -- 8. A Proof with 18 Vectors of the Bell-Kochen-Specker Theorem -- 9. Temporal Bell Inequalities and the Uncertainty Principle -- 10. Parametric Down-Conversion
Experiments in the Wigner Representation -- 11. Negative Entropy in Quantum Information Theory -- 12. Stochastic Approach to the Tunnel Effect -- 13. Classical Physical Entities with a Quantum Description -- 14. Dynamical Effects
Generated by the Current Fluctuations in a Long Solenoid -- 15. Coherent States and the Measurement Problem -- 16. Contextualism, Locality, and the No-Go Theorems -- 17. A State-Specific Proof of the Bell-Kochen-Specker Theorem Using
Only 5 Propositions -- 18. Properties of a Causal Qauntum Theory in Phase Space -- 19. From Quantum to Classical: the Quantum State Diffusion Model -- 20. Quantum Physics and the Problem of the Ontological Priority Between Continuous
Quantity and Discrete Quantity -- 21. Localized and Delocalized States in Pyramidal Molecules -- 22. A Bigger Contradiction Between Quantum Theory and Locality for Two Particles without Inequalities -- 23. Irreversible Quantum
Evolution for Unstable Systems in Lax-Phillips Scattering Theory -- 24. Dichotomic Functions and Bell’s Theorems -- 25. Production and Uses of Hyper-Entangled States -- 26. From Newton to Schrödinger and Beyond -- 27. Quenching of
Spontaneous Emission via Quantum Interference: Time Evolution -- 28. Quantum Mechanics on Discrete Space and Time -- 29. Symplectic Tomography of Schrödinger Cat States of a Trapped Ion -- 30. Magical Photon or Real Zeropoint? -- 31.
Linear and Nonlinear Optical Response of a Dilute Bose Gas in the Condensation Regime -- 32. Quantum Measurement and Practice in Nuclear Physics -- 33. Quantum Predictions without Nonlocal Projections -- 34. The Emergence of
Statistical Laws in Quantum Mechanics -- 35. Consistent Histories: A Critique -- 36. Immaterial Interpretation of Quantum Theory in the Context of Quantum Cosmology -- 37. Atom Interferometry for Quantum Gravity? -- 38. Quantum
Nonlocality and Inseparability -- 39. Decoherence Limits to Quantum Factoring -- 40. Quantum Engineering with Trapped Ions -- 41. Many-Valued Interpretation of the Logic of Quantum Mechanics -- 42. No Point Particles, Definitely no
Waves -- 43. Interference and Violation of Bell’s Inequalities Using Separate Sources -- 44. Bell’s Inequality for a Particle -- 45. Quantum Gravity Corrections for the Initial State of Gravitons -- 46. Quantum Privacy Amplification: A
Secure Method for Cryptography -- 47. The Program of Local Hidden Variables -- 48. Noninvariant Velocity of Light and Locally Equivalent Reference Frames -- 49. Quantum Interferometry, Measurement and Objectivity: Some Basic Features
Revisited -- 50. Effect of QED Fluctuations on the Dynamics of the Macroscopic Phase -- 51. What When Gleason’s Theorem Fails? -- 52. Quantum Decoherence Induced by Gravitational Fluctuations in the Measurement Apparatus -- 53.
Schrödinger Cat States in Quantum Optics -- 54. An Experimental Realization of Bohm’s Spin-1/2 Particle EPR Gedanken Experiment -- 55. What is Achieved by Decoherence? -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401158862
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 81
Keywords: Physics , Metaphysics , Quantum physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atoms , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Quantum Physics , Metaphysics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9783642608384:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:CP Violation Without Strangeness Electric Dipole Moments of Particles, Atoms, and Molecules
Author(s): Iosif B Khriplovich
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (230 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-60838-4
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Overview of CP Violation Without Strangeness -- 1.2 The Neutron Electric Dipole Moment: Early History -- 1.3 Molecular Electric Dipole Moments and CP Violation -- 1.4 T-Odd Effects Without CP Violation -- 2.
Kinematics of Discrete Symmetries -- 2.1 CPT Theorem: Intuitive Approach -- 2.2 T-Even and T-Odd Electromagnetic Multipole Moments -- 2.3 General Structure of Four-Fermion Operators -- 3. General Features of EDM Experiments -- 3.1
Interaction of an EDM with an Electric Field -- 3.2 Ground State Optical Pumping and Detection of Atomic Polarization -- 3.3 Electric Fields and Coherence Times in Various Systems -- 3.4 Magnetic Field Control and Generation -- 3.5
Systematic Effects -- 4. The Search for the Neutron EDM -- 4.1 Properties of the Neutron -- 4.2 Interaction of Neutrons with Matter -- 4.3 Neutron Beam EDM Experiments -- 4.4 Ultracold Neutrons -- 4.5 Neutron EDM Measurements with
Stored Ultracold Neutrons -- 4.6 The Future: Superfluid He Neutron EDM with a 3He Comagnetometer -- 4.7 Comparison of Experimental Techniques -- 5. Theoretical Predictions for Neutron and Electron Dipole Moments -- 5.1 The CP-Violating
? Term in Quantum Chromodynamics -- 5.2 Predictions of the Standard Model for Dipole Moments -- 5.3 Spontaneous CP Violation in the Higgs Sector -- 5.4 Phenomenological Approach -- 6. EDM Experiments with Paramagnetic Atoms -- 6.1 The
Shielding Problem -- 6.2 Enhancement of the Electron EDM in Paramagnetic Atoms -- 6.3 Overview of Paramagnetic Atom Experiments -- 6.4 The Cs EDM Experiment -- 6.5 The T1 EDM Experiment -- 6.6 Future Prospects for Improving the
Electron EDM Limit -- 6.7 EDM Limits of Some Other Elementary Particles -- 7. EDM Experiments with Diamagnetic Atoms -- 7.1 Shielding in the 1S0 System -- 7.2 The 129Xe EDM Experiment -- 7.3 The 199Hg EDM Experiment -- 7.4 3He — 129Xe
Comparison -- 8. Atomic Calculations -- 8.1 Wave Function of an Outer Electron at Short Distances -- 8.2 The Electron EDM in Paramagnetic Heavy Atoms -- 8.3 CP-Odd Electron—Nucleon Interaction -- 8.4 Electron EDM in Diamagnetic Atoms
-- 8.5 CP-Odd Nuclear Moments -- 9. T Violation in Molecules -- 9.1 Enhancement of an Applied Field by a Polar Molecule -- 9.2 TIF Beam Experiments -- 9.3 What Have We Learned from the TIF Experiment? -- 9.4 Paramagnetic Molecules --
9.5 What Will Be Gained from Experiments with Paramagnetic Molecules? -- 10. CP-Odd Nuclear Forces -- 10.1 CP-Odd Mixing of Opposite-Parity Nuclear Levels -- 10.2 Nuclear Moments Induced by T- and P-Odd Potentials -- 10.3 Enhancement
Mechanisms for T- and P-Odd Nuclear Multipoles -- 10.4 Theoretical Predictions and Implications -- 11. What Do We Really Know About T -Odd, but P-Even Interactions? -- 11.1 Long-Range Effects -- 11.2 TOPE Fermion—Fermion
Interactions.One-Loop Approach -- 11.3 TOPE Fermion—Fermion Interactions.Two-Loop Approach -- 11.4 Conclusions on TOPE eN and NN Interactions -- 11.5 T-Odd ? Decay Constants -- References
ISBN:9783642608384
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Atoms , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783709194270:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Few-Body Problems in Physics ’95 In memoriam Professor Paul Urban
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (540 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-9427-0
Contents:Session 1: Methods in the Few-Body Problem -- Paul Urban: Promoter of Modern Theoretical Physics -- Nuclear Three- and Four-Body Systems -- Correlated Hyperspherical Harmonic Functions for Few-Nucleon Systems -- Session 2: Methods in
the Few-Body Problem -- Recent Progress in Path Integral Calculations of Nuclei -- Convergence Properties of the Adiabatic Expansion for Few-Nucleon Systems -- Cross Sections and Vector Analyzing Powers in the Proton Induced Deuteron
Breakup Reaction at 65 MeV: Star Configurations -- Single Particle Spectral Function for Finite Nuclei -- Session 3: Atomic and Molecular Systems -- Few-Body Problems in Atomic Physics -- Molecular Potentials and Relativistic Effects
-- Strong Correlation in Three-Particle Continuum A++ + e + e: Theory and Visualization -- Faddeev Approach to Scattering in Atomic and Mesic Atomic Systems -- Session 4: Methods in the Few-Body Problem -- Precise Nonvariational
Calculation of Resonant States of Helium with the Correlation Function Hyperspherical Harmonic Method -- A Coupled-Channel Formalism for Breakup Reactions -- $${}^{2}\text{H(}\vec{d},p{{\text{)}}^{3}}\text{H}$$3H Reaction Calculations
at 20–120 keV by the Four-Body Yakubovsky Equations with the Paris Potential -- Integral Equation Calculations for the Photodisintegration of 4He -- Session 5: Strong and Electromagnetic Interactions -- Spin Observables in High Energy
Electron Scattering -- Pion Nucleus Scattering -- Recent Developments in one and two Pion Production in Elementary Reactions and Few-Body Systems -- Session 6: Strong and Electromagnetic Interactions -- Plans for Nucleon-Nucleon
Bremsstrahlung Measurements with AGOR -- First Results on Proton-Proton Scattering and Near Threshold Two Meson Production at COSY -- Study of Proton-Neutron Correlations with the reaction 3,4He(e, e?d) -- Selected Topics of the
Few-Nucleon Research Program at TUNL -- Measurement of the Spin-dependent Structure Function g1(x) of the Deuteron and the Proton -- Session 7: Strong and Electromagnetic Interactions -- Double Pion Photoproduction on the Proton up to
800 MeV -- High Missing-Momentum Components in 4He Studied with the (e, e?p) Reaction -- Electron-Deuteron Scattering with the New Generation of Nucleon-Nucleon Potentials -- Polarization Studies of Few Nucleon Systems at Laboratory
for High Energies of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research -- Panel Session 8: Few-Body Systems Probed in Several Ways -- Achievements and Perspectives in the Field of Few-Body Systems Studied with Hadronic Probes -- Few-Body Systems
Probed in Several Ways -- Session 9: Atomic Clusters and Exotic Atoms -- Theoretical Description of Helium Clusters -- Antiprotonic Helium Atoms -- Muon Catalyzed Fusion -- Precision Measurement of Nuclear Muon Capture by 3He --
Session 10: Nuclear Forces, Chirality and Relativistic Effects -- The ?NN Coupling from High Precision np Charge Exchange Data -- Two-Body Components in the Nucleon Wave Function and their Consequences in Various Phenomena -- Hidden
Local Symmetries and Meson Exchange Currents -- Relativistic Calculations of the Deuteron Form Factors and Triton Binding Energy -- Session 11: Antiprotonic and Strange Systems -- Glueballs, ? and ?? Mesons and Antiproton-Proton
Annihilation Dynamics -- ? Production via the Strong Interaction -- ?-Physics with Electromagnetic Probes -- Interaction of ?-Meson with Light Nuclei -- Session 12: Few-Body Problems in Astrophysics -- Nuclear Reactions of
Astrophysical Interest Involving Light Nuclei -- Optical Theorem and Finite-Range Effect for Nuclear Reactions in Astrophysics -- Peripheral Astrophysical Radiative Capture Processes -- Session 13a: Quark Structure of Hadrons --
Towards a Unified Description of the Baryon Spectrum and the Baryon-Baryon Interaction within a Potential Model Scheme -- Nucleon and Pion Electromagnetic Structure and Constituent Quark Form Factors -- On the Dynamical Retardation
Effect for the Mass Spectrum of Heavy Quarkonia -- Relativistic Quark Model Baryon Analysis -- Polarized Structure Functions and the Nucleon Spin -- Quark-Gluon Point of View on the Spin Structure of the Deuteron from Experiments with
Relativistic Deuteron Beams -- Session 13b: Nuclear Structure and Reactions -- Searching for 6Li D-state Effects -- Comparison between Three-Body and Many-Body Descriptions of 11Li -- Light Ion Induced Reactions at Intermediate
Energies -- An Analysis of the Use of the Cluster Separability in Scattering Theory -- Method of Integral Transforms for Calculating (e, e?) and (e, e?N) Reactions -- Effect of the Three-Nucleon Force Based on ?-Isobar Excitation in
Neutron-Deuteron Scattering -- Session 14a: Physics with Strange Particles and Antiprotons -- Electromagnetic Associated Strangeness Production and Hadron Form Factors -- ?-Helium Scattering -- $$\bar{p}N$$ Scattering with Annihilation
Channel in an Extended Hilbert Space Model -- ?I = 1/2 Rule: Interplay of Quark and Hadronic Degrees of Freedom -- Session 14b: Relativistic Effects and Antiprotonic Atoms -- Asymptotic Behavior of the Deuteron Extra-Components in the
Covariant Light Front Dynamics -- Nucleon-Nucleon Correlations and Inclusive Electron Scattering off Few-Nucleon Systems at x > 1 -- Antiproton Helium Polarization States -- Antiproton Delayed Annihilation: the Problem of the
Description in Isolated Atom Model and Other Possible Scenarios -- Session 15: The Baryon-Baryon Interaction -- The Nijmegen Potentials -- The Bonn Potential -- The Nature of the Baryon-Baryon Interaction in the Quark-Model -- Nuclear
Forces and Chiral Theories -- Panel Session 16: Relativistic Effects in the Few-Body Problem -- Field Theory Approach in Few-Body Systems -- Application of the Few-Body Theory to Deep Inelastic Lepton-Nucleon Scattering -- Session 17:
Closing session -- From the Structure of Nucleons to that of Complex Nuclei: the Role Played by Few-Body Physics -- List of Participants -- List of Authors
ISBN:9783709194270
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Few-Body Systems: 8
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Atoms , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642976537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particles and Nuclei An Introduction to the Physical Concepts
Author(s): Bogdan Povh
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (340 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97653-7
Contents:1. Hors d’œuvre -- 1.1 Fundamental Constituents of Matter -- 1.2 Fundamental Interactions -- 1.3 Symmetries and Conservation Laws -- 1.4 Experiments -- 1.5 Units -- I Analysis: the Building Blocks of Matter -- 2. Global Properties of
Nuclei -- 3. Nuclear Stability -- 4. Scattering -- 5. Geometric Shapes of Nuclei -- 6. Elastic Scattering off Nucleons -- 7. Deep Inelastic Scattering -- 8. Quarks, Gluons, and the Strong Interaction -- 9. Particle Production in e+e-
Collisions -- 10. Phenomenology of the Weak Interaction -- 11. Exchange Bosons of the Weak Interaction -- 12. The Standard Model -- II Synthesis: Composite Systems -- 13. Quarkonia -- 14. Mesons Made from Light Quarks -- 15. The
Baryons -- 16. The Nuclear Force -- 17. The Structure of Nuclei -- 18. Collective Nuclear Excitations -- 19. Many-Body Systems in the Strong Interaction -- A. Appendix -- Problems -- Solutions -- References
ISBN:9783642976537
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781489910424:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Hubbard Model Its Physics and Mathematical Physics
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (407 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-1042-4
Contents:Solvable Models, Rigorous Results, and Advances in Formalism -- The Hubbard Model: Some Rigorous Results and Open Problems -- On the Bethe Ansatz Soluble Degenerate Hubbard Model -- Thermodynamical Properties of the Exactly Solvable
1/r-Hubbard and 1/r-tJ Model -- Hierarchy of 1-D Electron Models with Long-Range Interaction -- One-Dimensional Luttinger Liquid of Particles for a Class of Infinitely Repulsive Interactions: Exact Solutions -- Exact Results for Spin
and Charge Dynamics of Electrons with Supersymmetry -- Hidden Symmetry of Strongly Correlated Fermions -- Symmetries of Strongly Correlated Electrons -- Exact Results on a Supersymmetric Extended Hubbard Model -- Functional Integrals
for Correlated Electrons -- Charge-Spin Separation and Pairing in a Generalized Hubbard Model -- A Renormalization Procedure for the Hubbard Model -- New Operator Algebra for the Hubbard Chain -- Exact Results and Conjectures on the
Adiabatic Holstein-Hubbard Model at Large Electron-Phonon Coupling -- Ferromagnetism in Correlated Electron Systems: A New Class of Rigorous Criteria -- Infinite in All Directions: Large Coupling, High Dimensions, and Many Components
-- The Mott Transition in Infinite Dimensions: Old Ideas and Some Surprises -- The Hubbard Model with Local Disorder in d = Infinity -- The Hubbard Model with Infinite Interaction: Magnetic Properties -- The Extended Hubbard Model at
Large Interaction -- Drude Weight and f-Sum Rule of the Hubbard Model at Strong Coupling -- The Gutzwiller Projector in the Large U-Hubbard Model -- Revising the 1/N Expansion for the Slave-Boson Approach within the Functional Integral
-- Fermi Liquid versus Luttinger Liquid -- “Infarared Catastrophe:” When Does It Trash Fermi Liquid Theory? -- Two-Particle Scattering and Orthogonality Catastrophe in the Hubbard Model -- Failure of Fermi Liquid Theory in
2-Dimensions: How to Infer it from Peturbation Theory -- Conservation Laws in Normal Metals: Luttinger Liquid vs. Fermi Liquid -- Charge-Spin Separation and the Spectral Properties of Luttinger Liquids -- Non-Fermi Behavior in the
Kondo and Heisenberg Models -- Luttinger-Liquid Behavior in 2-D: The Variational Approach -- Non-Fermi Liquid Behavior of Electrons in the 2-D Honeycomb Lattice: A Renormalization Group Analysis -- Search for Deviations from Fermi
Liquid Behavior in 2-D Repulsive and Attractive Hubbard Models -- Perturbative, Mean Field, Variational, and Numerical Studies -- Hartree-Fock and RPA Studies of the Hubbard Model -- From One- to Two-Dimensions in the Weak Coupling
Limit -- Metal-Insulator Transition in the 2-D Hubbard Model: A Fermionic Linearization Approach -- The Phase Diagram of the One-Dimensional Extended Hubbard Model -- Quantum-Monte-Carlo Simulations of Correlation Functions for the
One-Dimensional Hubbard Model -- Quantum-Monte-Carlo Studies of One- and Two-Dimensional Hubbard Models -- Effect of Disorder on Several Properties of the One-Band Hubbard Model in 2-D -- The Wavefunction Renormalization Constant for
the One- and Two-Band Hubbard Hamiltonians in Two-Dimensions -- Experiments and Physical Applications -- Electron Spectroscopy and Hubbard: Issues and Opportunities -- On Electrical Properties of Chalcogenide Glassy Semiconductors in
the Framework of Hubbard Model with Negative Correlation Energy -- The Metal Insulator Transition in the Hubbard Model -- Metal to Insulator Transition in the 2-D Hubbard Model: A Slave-Boson Approach -- The Hubbard Model and Its
Application to Conjugated ?-Electron Systems
ISBN:9781489910424
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 343
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401583329:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydrogen Bond Networks
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (558 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-8332-9
Contents:Section A — Modelling and Hydrogen-bond Structures -- Hydrogen Bonding and the Fragility of Supercooled Liquids and Biopolymers -- Hydrogen Bonding and Molecular Mobility in Aqueous Systems -- Structural and Dynamical Quantum Effects
in Aqueous Solution -- Novel Features in the Equation of State of Metastable Water -- The Role of H-bonds in the Formation of Ices -- Radial Distribution Function of Heavy Water Steam -- Molecular Dynamics on a Water Model with
Polarizability and Hyperpolarizability -- M. D. Simulations of Stretched TIP4P — Water in the Supercooled Regime -- Anomalous Sound Dispersion in Liquid Water -- Sound Propagation in Hydrogen Bonded Molecular Liquids: the Case of
Liquid Water -- Orientational Correlations in Hydrogen Bonded Networks -- Are Hydrogen Bonds present in Hydrogen Halides Liquids other than HF? -- Investigation of the Structure of Liquid Formic Acid -- Section B — Spectroscopic
Studies, Complexes and Solutions -- Incoherent Inelastic Neutron Scattering from Liquid Water: A Computer Simulation Study -- The Observation of Different Strengths of H-bonds in Ices -- I. R. Spectra and Dynamics of H2O (D2O, HDO)
Molecules in a Still Poorly Known Liquid: Water -- Low Frequency Raman Spectra from Anhydrous Sulfuric and Chlorosulfonic Acids and Liquid Water Disruption of Tetrahedral Hydrogen Bonding Relation to Water Structure -- Picosecond
Holebuming Spectroscopy in the Infrared of Water and other Hydrogen-bonded Systems -- Low Frequency Raman Spectra in Water by Normal Mode Analysis -- Light Scattering from Liquid Water -- Dielectric Properties of Aqueous Solutions --
Formic Acid, Ethanol in Vycor Glass, and Water in Aluminosilicate Zeolites -- Application of the Reactive Flux Formalism to Study Water Hydrogen Bond Dynamics -- Temperature Dependence of Ion Solvation Dynamics in Liquid Water --
Theoretical Simulation of OH and OD Stretching Bands of Isotopically Diluted HDO Molecules in Lithium Formate Solution -- Influence of Water Molecules on the Nucleation Rate of Polymorphic Complexes with Different Conformations in
solution -- Hydrogen-bond Nature in Solids based on Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Studies -- Simulation of Liquid Mixtures -- Section C — Networks, Interfaces and Confined Geometry -- Structure and Dynamics of Water in
Confined Geometry -- Structure and Dynamics of Water at Interfaces -- Hydrogen Bond Solids in Space -- Hyperquenched Glassy Bulk Water: A Comparison with other amorphous forms of water, and with vitreous but freezable water in a
hydrogel and on hydrated methemoglobin -- Spectroscopic and Simulation Study of Ice Surfaces: Bare and with Adsorbates -- A Structural Study of Vapour Deposited Amorphous Ice by Neutron Diffraction -- Hydrogen Bond Reorganisation
during Clathrate Hydrate Growth in Hexagonal Ice -- Langmuir Films of Amphiphilic Alcohols and Surfaces of Polar Crystals as Templates for Ice Nucleation -- Structural Studies of Ice Nucleation in Confined Geometries -- Crystal ab
initio Investigations of Ice II, VIII and IX -- Water in Mesoscopic Hydrophobic Confinements -- Structure and dynamic Properties of Water Confined in Small Volumes -- Water Dynamics in Porous Biopolymer Networks: Data of neutron
experiments -- Tg Regulation Effect in Polymer-Water Systems -- Role of Water Molecules in the Growth of Nanosize Particles in Reverse Micelles -- Section D — Hydrogen-bonding in Biology -- Physical Origin and Biological Significance
of Solvent-induced Forces -- Structure and Dynamics of Aqueous Solutions of Tetramethylurea -- Structure, Dynamics and Function of Hydrogen-bonded Networks in Proteins and Related Systems -- Hydration and Association Abilities of
Cytidine 2?-Deoxycytidine and their Phosphate Salts in the Aqueous Solutions by Molecular Dynamics Simulations and FTIR Spectroscopy -- Dynamics of Water Confined in Aqueous Gels -- Self-trapped states in Chains of Hydrogen-bonded
Molecules: Optical measurements, neutron scattering and diffraction -- Fibrous Biopolymers: New Experimental Approaches using Pulsed-source Neutron Techniques -- Workshop Reports and Concluding Remarks -- Workshop A: Simulations,
Predictions and Experimental Observations for Water Structure -- Workshop B: Experimental Investigation of Structural and Dynamic Features in Varying Conditions -- Workshop C: Role of the H-bond Network of Water in Biological
Structures and Systems -- Concluding remarks -- Author Index -- Chemical Index
ISBN:9789401583329
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 435
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Condensed matter , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Physical Chemistry , Biochemistry, general , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642579202:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments A How-to Approach
Author(s): William R Leo
Date:1994
Edition:Second Revised Edition
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57920-2
Contents:1. Basic Nuclear Processes in Radioactive Sources -- 1.1 Nuclear Level Diagrams -- 1.2 Alpha Decay -- 1.3 Beta Decay -- 1.4 Electron Capture (EC) -- 1.5 Gamma Emission -- 1.5.1 Isomeric States -- 1.6 Annihilation Radiation -- 1.7
Internal Conversion -- 1.8 Auger Electrons -- 1.9 Neutron Sources -- 1.9.1 Spontaneous Fission -- 1.9.2 Nuclear Reactions -- 1.10 Source Activity Units -- 1.11 The Radioactive Decay Law -- 1.11.1 Fluctuations in Radioactive Decay --
1.11.2 Radioactive Decay Chains -- 1.11.3 Radioisotope Production by Irradiation -- 2. Passage of Radiation Through Matter -- 2.1 Preliminary Notions and Definitions -- 2.1.1 The Cross Section -- 2.1.2 Interaction Probability in a
Distance x. Mean Free Path -- 2.1.3 Surface Density Units -- 2.2 Energy Loss of Heavy Charged Particles by Atomic Collisions -- 2.2.1 Bohr’s Calculation — The Classical Case -- 2.2.2 The Bethe-Bloch Formula -- 2.2.3 Energy Dependence
-- 2.2.4 Scaling Laws for dE/dx -- 2.2.5 Mass Stopping Power -- 2.2.6 dE/dx for Mixtures and Compounds -- 2.2.7 Limitations of the Bethe-Bloch Formula and Other Effects -- 2.2.8 Channeling -- 2.2.9 Range -- 2.3 Cherenkov Radiation --
2.4 Energy Loss of Electrons and Positrons -- 2.4.1 Collision Loss -- 2.4.2 Energy Loss by Radiation: Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.3 Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.4 Critical Energy -- 2.4.5 Radiation Length -- 2.4.6 Range of
Electrons -- 2.4.7 The Absorption of ? Electrons -- 2.5 Multiple Coulomb Scattering -- 2.5.1 Multiple Scattering in the Gaussian Approximation -- 2.5.2 Backscattering of Low-Energy Electrons -- 2.6 Energy Straggling: The Energy Loss
Distribution -- 2.6.1 Thick Absorbers: The Gaussian Limit -- 2.6.2 Very Thick Absorbers -- 2.6.3 Thin Absorbers: The Landau and Vavilov Theories -- 2.7 The Interaction of Photons -- 2.7.1 Photoelectric Effect -- 2.7.2 Compton
Scattering -- 2.7.3 Pair Production -- 2.7.4 Electron-Photon Showers -- 2.7.5 The Total Absorption Coefficient and Photon Attenuation -- 2.8 The Interaction of Neutrons -- 2.8.1 Slowing Down of Neutrons. Moderation -- 3. Radiation
Protection. Biological Effects of Radiation -- 3.1 Dosimetric Units -- 3.1.1 The Roentgen -- 3.1.2 Absorbed Dose -- 3.1.3 Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) -- 3.1.4 Equivalent Dose -- 3.1.5 Effective Dose -- 3.2 Typical Doses
from Sources in the Environment -- 3.3 Biological Effects -- 3.3.1 High Doses Received in a Short Time -- 3.3.2 Low-Level Doses -- 3.4 Dose Limits -- 3.5 Shielding -- 3.6 Radiation Safety in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory -- 4.
Statistics and the Treatment of Experimental Data -- 4.1 Characteristics of Probability Distributions -- 4.1.1 Cumulative Distributions -- 4.1.2 Expectation Values -- 4.1.3 Distribution Moments. The Mean and Variance -- 4.1.4 The
Covariance -- 4.2 Some Common Probability Distributions -- 4.2.1 The Binomial Distribution -- 4.2.2 The Poisson Distribution -- 4.2.3 The Gaussian or Normal Distribution -- 4.2.4 The Chi-Square Distribution -- 4.3 Measurement Errors
and the Measurement Process -- 4.3.1 Systematic Errors -- 4.3.2 Random Errors -- 4.4 Sampling and Parameter Estimation. The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.1 Sample Moments -- 4.4.2 The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.3 Estimator for
the Poisson Distribution -- 4.4.4 Estimators for the Gaussian Distribution -- 4.4.5 The Weighted Mean -- 4.5 Examples of Applications -- 4.5.1 Mean and Error from a Series of Measurements -- 4.5.2 Combining Data with Different Errors
-- 4.5.3 Determination of Count Rates and Their Errors -- 4.5.4 Null Experiments. Setting Confidence Limits When No Counts Are Observed -- 4.5.5 Distribution of Time Intervals Between Counts -- 4.6 Propagation of Errors -- 4.6.1
Examples -- 4.7 Curve Fitting -- 4.7.1 The Least Squares Method -- 4.7.2 Linear Fits. The Straight Line -- 4.7.3 Linear Fits When Both Variables Have Errors -- 4.7.4 Nonlinear Fits -- 4.8 Some General Rules for Rounding-off Numbers for
Final Presentation -- 5. General Characteristics of Detectors -- 5.1 Sensitivity -- 5.2 Detector Response -- 5.3 Energy Resolution. The Fano Factor -- 5.4 The Response Function -- 5.5 Response Time -- 5.6 Detector Efficiency -- 5.7
Dead Time -- 5.7.1 Measuring Dead Time -- 6. Ionization Detectors -- 6.1 Gaseous Ionization Detectors -- 6.2 Ionization and Transport Phenomena in Gases -- 6.2.1 Ionization Mechanisms -- 6.2.2 Mean Number of Electron-Ion Pairs Created
-- 6.2.3 Recombination and Electron Attachment -- 6.3 Transport of Electrons and Ions in Gases -- 6.3.1 Diffusion -- 6.3.2 Drift and Mobility -- 6.4 Avalanche Multiplication -- 6.5 The Cylindrical Proportional Counter -- 6.5.1 Pulse
Formation and Shape -- 6.5.2 Choice of Fill Gas -- 6.6 The Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC) -- 6.6.1 Basic Operating Principle -- 6.6.2 Construction -- 6.6.3 Chamber Gas -- 6.6.4 Timing Resolution -- 6.6.5 Readout Methods -- 6.6.6
Track Clusters -- 6.6.7 MWPC Efficiency -- 6.7 The Drift Chamber -- 6.7.1 Drift Gases -- 6.7.2 Spatial Resolution -- 6.7.3 Operation in Magnetic Fields -- 6.8 The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) -- 6.9 Liquid Ionization Detectors (LID)
-- 7. Scintillation Detectors -- 7.1 General Characteristics -- 7.2 Organic Scintillators -- 7.2.1 Organic Crystals -- 7.2.2 Organic Liquids -- 7.2.3 Plastics -- 7.3 Inorganic Crystals -- 7.4 Gaseous Scintillators -- 7.5 Glasses -- 7.6
Light Output Response -- 7.6.1 Linearity -- 7.6.2 Temperature Dependence -- 7.6.3 Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) -- 7.7 Intrinsic Detection Efficiency for Various Radiations -- 7.7.1 Heavy Ions -- 7.7.2 Electrons -- 7.7.3 Gamma Rays
-- 7.7.4 Neutrons -- 8. Photomultipliers -- 8.1 Basic Construction and Operation -- 8.2 The Photocathode -- 8.3 The Electron-Optical Input System -- 8.4 The Electron-Multiplier Section -- 8.4.1 Dynode Configurations -- 8.4.2 Multiplier
Response: The Single-Electron Spectrum -- 8.5 Operating Parameters -- 8.5.1 Gain and Voltage Supply -- 8.5.2 Voltage Dividers -- 8.5.3 Electrode Current. Linearity -- 8.5.4 Pulse Shape -- 8.6 Time Response and Resolution -- 8.7 Noise
-- 8.7.1 Dark Current and Afterpulsing -- 8.7.2 Statistical Noise -- 8.8 Environmental Factors -- 8.8.1 Exposure to Ambient Light -- 8.8.2 Magnetic Fields -- 8.8.3 Temperature Effects -- 8.9 Gain Stability, Count Rate Shift -- 9.
Scintillation Detector Mounting and Operation -- 9.1 Light Collection -- 9.1.1 Reflection -- 9.2 Coupling to the PM -- 9.3 Multiple Photomultipliers -- 9.4 Light Guides -- 9.5 Fluorescent Radiation Converters -- 9.6 Mounting a
Scintillation Detector: An Example -- 9.7 Scintillation Counter Operation -- 9.7.1 Testing the Counter -- 9.7.2 Adjusting the PM Voltage -- 9.7.3 The Scintillation Counter Plateau -- 9.7.4 Maintaining PM Gain -- 10. Semiconductor
Detectors -- 10.1 Basic Semiconductor Properties -- 10.1.1 Energy Band Structure -- 10.1.2 Charge Carriers in Semiconductors -- 10.1.3 Intrinsic Charge Carrier Concentration -- 10.1.4 Mobility -- 10.1.5 Recombination and Trapping --
10.2 Doped Semiconductors -- 10.2.1 Compensation -- 10.3 The np Semiconductor Junction. Depletion Depth -- 10.3.1 The Depletion Depth -- 10.3.2 Junction Capacitance -- 10.3.3 Reversed Bias Junctions -- 10.4 Detector Characteristics of
Semiconductors -- 10.4.1 Average Energy per Electron-Hole Pair -- 10.4.2 Linearity -- 10.4.3 The Fano Factor and Intrinsic Energy Resolution -- 10.4.4 Leakage Current -- 10.4.5 Sensitivity and Intrinsic Efficiency -- 10.4.6 Pulse
Shape. Rise Time -- 10.5 Silicon Diode Detectors -- 10.5.1 Diffused Junction Diodes -- 10.5.2 Surface Barrier Detectors (SSB) -- 10.5.3 Ion-Implanted Diodes -- 10.5.4 Lithium-Drifted Silicon Diodes — Si(Li) -- 10.6 Position-Sensitive
Detectors -- 10.6.1 Continuous and Discrete Detectors -- 10.6.2 Micro-Strip Detectors -- 10.6.3 Novel Position-Sensing Detectors -- 10.7 Germanium Detectors -- 10.7.1 Lithium-Drifted Germanium — Ge(Li) -- 10.7.2 Intrinsic Germanium --
10.7.3 Gamma Spectroscopy with Germanium Detectors -- 10.8 Other Semiconductor Materials -- 10.9 Operation of Semiconductor Detectors -- 10.9.1 Bias Voltage -- 10.9.2 Signal Amplification -- 10.9.3 Temperature Effects -- 10.9.4
Radiation Damage -- 10.9.5 Plasma Effects -- 11. Pulse Signals in Nuclear Electronics -- 11.1 Pulse Signal Terminology -- 11.2 Analog and Digital Signals -- 11.3 Fast and Slow Signals -- 11.4 The Frequency Domain. Bandwidth -- 12. The
NIM Standard -- 12.1 Modules -- 12.2 Power Bins -- 12.3 NIM Logic Signals -- 12.4 TTL and ECL Logic Signals -- 12.5 Analog Signals -- 13. Signal Transmission -- 13.1 Coaxial Cables -- 13.1.1 Line Constituents -- 13.2 The General Wave
Equation for a Coaxial Line -- 13.3 The Ideal Lossless Cable -- 13.3.1 Characteristic Impedance -- 13.4 Reflections -- 13.5 Cable Termination. Impedance Matching -- 13.6 Losses in Coaxial Cables. Pulse Distortion -- 13.6.1 Cable
Response. Pulse Distortion -- 14. Electronics for Pulse Signal Processing -- 14.1 Preamplifiers -- 14.1.1 Resistive vs Optical Feedback -- 14.2 Main Amplifiers -- 14.3 Pulse Shaping Networks in Amplifiers -- 14.3.1 CR-RC Pulse Shaping
-- 14.3.2 Pole-Zero Cancellation and Baseline Restoration -- 14.3.3 Double Differentiation or CR-RC-CR Shaping -- 14.3.4 Semi-Gaussian Shaping -- 14.3.5 Delay Line Shaping -- 14.4 Biased Amplifiers -- 14.5 Pulse Stretchers -- 14.6
Linear Transmission Gate -- 14.7 Fan-out and Fan-in -- 14.8 Delay Lines -- 14.9 Discriminators -- 14.9.1 Shapers -- 14.10 Single-Channel Analyzer (Differential Discriminator) -- 14.11 Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC or A/D) --
14.11.1 ADC Linearity -- 14.12 Multichannel Analyzers -- 14.13 Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC or D/A) -- 14.14 Time to Amplitude Converters (TAC or TPHC) -- 14.15 Scalers -- 14.16 Ratemeter -- 14.17 Coincidence Units -- 14.18
Majority Logic Units -- 14.19 Flip-Flops -- 14.20 Registers (Latches) -- 14.21 Gate and Delay Generators -- 14.22 Some Simple and Handy Circuits for Pulse Manipulation -- 14.22.1 Attenuators -- 14.22.2 Pulse Splitting -- 14.22.3
ISBN:9783642579202
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Engineering , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783540484202:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solar Physics Proceedings of the Seventh European Meeting on Solar Physics Held in Catania, Italy, 11–15 May 1993
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (338 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-58041-7
Contents:The Sun today -- Recent results from helioseismology -- The structure of the solar core -- New sub-barrier nuclear fusion cross sections as a possible solution to the solar neutrino problem -- Helioseismic evidence for mixing in the
radiative interior -- Microscopic settling and turbulent diffusion induced by rotation in the sun -- Mean-field theory of the solar dynamo -- Hydrodynamical simulations of the solar dynamo -- The asymmetric behaviour of solar activity
-- On the possibility of supergiant stable flows in the convection zone of the sun -- Stellar dynamos -- On magnetic fields, rossby numbers and dynamo action in late-type stars -- The magnetic field of the solar corona -- The control
of the corona by the convective zone magnetic fields -- Line-tying in a gravitationally stratified atmosphere -- Magnetic fields surrounding coronal holes -- Coronal heating mechanisms -- Coronal heating via nanoflares -- Magnetic
structures of the intermediate corona -- Oscillations in quiescent prominences -- Pressure diagnostics of coronal loops observed by NIXT -- Quiet sun from multifrequency radio observations on RATAN-600 -- Frequency spectra of solar
microwave bursts associated with coronal mass ejections -- Observations of high-energy (E?10 MeV) gamma-rays with the PHEBUS instrument -- Observational characteristics of explosive events -- Plasma physics of explosive phenomena -- A
search for small solar flares with BATSE -- Solar flares and laboratory experiments -- Particle acceleration and radiation generation by nonlinear mode-mode coupling processes in the solar corona -- A fast mechanism for the
acceleration of solar energetic particles in solar flares -- Acceleration and storage of energetic particles in the solar corona -- Electromagnetic signatures of particle acceleration and propagation -- Proton acceleration in long
duration flares -- Signatures of proton beams in the Ly? profile: Sensitivity of the diagnostics -- Ground — based instrumentation -- Space instrumentation -- The Yohkoh mission: Instruments and recent results -- High resolution solar
observations: Spectropolarimetry with THEMIS -- Conference summary
ISBN:9783540484202
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 432
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geophysics/Geodesy , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783540482772:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Substructures of Matter as Revealed with Electroweak Probes Proceedings of the 32. Internationale Universitätswochen für Kern- und Teilchenphysik Schladming, Austria, 24 February – 5 March 1993
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (441 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0028945
Contents:Electromagnetic interactions of nucleons and nuclei at low energy and momentum transfer -- Electro-excitation of nucleon resonances and meson production -- Present electron and photon scattering experiments up to GeV energies --
Partons and QCD: Hadron structure and basics of the standard model -- Electroweak reactions in the non-perturbative regime of QCD -- Polarized structure functions and the spin of the proton -- Small ? physics -- Nucleon structure
functions -- The standard electroweak theory and its experimental tests -- First results from HERA -- Seminars
ISBN:9783540482772
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 426
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461525608:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers of Fundamental Physics
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (601 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2560-8
Contents:Empirical Evidence on the Creation of Galaxies and Quasars -- Periodicity in Extragalactic Redshifts -- Quasar Spectra: Black Holes or Nonstandard Models? -- Configurations and Redshifts of Galaxies -- Isominkowskian Representation of
Cosmological Redshifts and the Internal Red-Blue-Shifts of Quasars -- The Relativistic Electron Pair Theory of Matter and its Implications for Cosmology -- Are Quasars Manifesting a de Sitter Redshift? -- What, if Anything, Is the
Anthropic Cosmological Principle Telling Us? -- Large Anomalous Redshifts and Zero-Point Radiation -- Theoretical Basis for a Non-Expanding and Euclidean Universe -- Light Propagation in an Expanding Universe -- Fornax - The Companion
of the Milky Way and the Question of Its Standard Motion -- Cosmological Redshifts and the Law of Corresponding States -- Did the Apple Fall? -- Investigations with Lasers, Atomic Clocks and Computer Calculations of Curved Spacetime
and of the Differences between the Gravitation Theories of Yilmaz and of Einstein -- Gravity Is the Simplest Thing! -- Fourdimensional Elasticity: Is It General Relativity? -- Universality of the Lie-Isotopic Symmetries for Deformed
Minkowskian Metrics -- Hertz’s Special Relativity and Physical Reality -- From Relativistic Paradoxes to Absolute Space and Time Physics -- Theories Equivalent to Special Relativity -- The Physical Meaning of Albert Einstein’s
Relativistic Ether Concept -- The Limiting Nature of Light-Velocity as the Causal Factor Underlying Relativity -- The Ether Revisited -- What Is and What Is Not Essential in Lorentz’s Relativity -- Vacuum Substratum in Electrodynamics
and Quantum Mechanics Theory and Experiment -- The Influence of Idealism In 20th Century Science -- Creeds of Physics -- Earth Complexity vs. Plate Tectonic Simplicity -- An Evolutionary Earth Expansion Hypothesis -- Global Models of
the Expanding Earth -- An Orogenic Model Consistent with Earth Expansion -- Earth Expansion Requires Increase in Mass -- Principles of Plate Movements on the Expanding Earth -- The Origin of Granite and Continental Masses in an
Expanding Earth -- The Primordially Hydridic Character of Our Planet and Proving It by Deep Drilling -- Possible Relation between Earth Expansion and Dark Matter -- Earth Expansion and the Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanicism --
Tension-Gravitational Model of Island Arcs -- Electromagnetic Interactions and Particle Physics -- Isotopic and Genotopic Relativistic Theory -- A Look at Frontiers of High Energy Physics: From the GeV(109eV) to PeV(1015eV) and Beyond
-- An Approach to Finite-Size Particles with Spin -- A New High Energy Scale? -- On the Space-Time Structure of the Electron -- Physics without Physical Constants -- The Relation between Information, Time and Space Inferred from
Universal Phenomena in Solid-State Physics -- Quantum-Like Behaviour of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field and Observation of Discrete Forbidden States in the Classical Mechanical Domain -- Unipolar Induction and Weber’s
Electrodynamics -- Impact of Maxwell’s Equation of Displacement Current on Electromagnetic Laws and Comparison of the Maxwellian Waves with Our Model of Dipolic Particles -- Direct Calculation of H and the Complete Self Energy of the
Electron from Fluid Models -- Interbasis “Sphere-Cylinder” Expansions for the Oscillator in the Three Dimensional Space of Constant Positive Curvature -- Pancharatnam’s Topological Phase in Relation to theDynamical Phase in
Polarization Optics -- On the Connection between Classical and Quantum Mechanics -- Discrete Time Realizations of Quantum Mechanics and Their Possible Experimental Tests -- Heraclitus’ Vision - Schrödinger’s Version -- Is It Possible
to Believe in both Orthodox Quantum Theory and History? -- A New Logic for Quantum Mechanics? -- Dangerous Effects of the Incomprehensibility in Microphysics -- Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- Rabi Oscillations
Described by de Broglian Probabilities -- A Test of the Complementarity Principle in Single-Photon States of Light -- Experiments with Entangled Two-Photon States from Type-II Parametric Down Conversion: Evidence for Wave-Particle
Unity -- Correlation Functions and Einstein Locality -- Optical Tests of Bell’s Inequalities. Closing the Poor Correlation Loophole -- Atomic Cascade Experiments with Two-Channel Polarizers and Quantum Mechanical Nonlocality -- New
Tests on Locality and Empty Waves -- Wave-Particle Duality -- Quantum Correlations from a Logical Point of View -- Local Realism and the Crucial Experiment -- The Space of Local Hidden Variables Can Limit Non-Locality And What Next? --
How the Quantum of Action Cannot Be a Metric one -- The Ghostly Solution of the QuantumParadoxes and Its Experimental Verification
ISBN:9781461525608
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461525509:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Waves and Particles in Light and Matter
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (628 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2550-9
Contents:1. The Great Veil, Reality, and Louis de Broglie: Personal Memories 1 -- 2. The Fallacy of the Arguments against Local Realism in Quantum Phenomena -- 3. Restoring Locality with Faster-than-Light Velocities -- 4. The Wave-Particle
Duality and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect -- 5. De Broglie’s Wave in Space and Time -- 6. Interferometry with De Broglie Waves -- 7. Quantum Mechanics of Ultracold Neutrons -- 8. The Physical Interpretation of Special Relativity -- 9.
Quantum Neutron Optics -- 10. Some Comments on the De Broglie-Bohm Picture by an Admiring Spectator -- 11. The Relationship between the Dirac Velocity Operator and the de Broglie Postulate -- 12. Optics and Interferometry with Atoms --
13. Louis de Broglie’s Wave-Particle Dualism: Historical and Philosophical Remarks -- 14. Compatible Statistical Interpretation of Interference in Double-Slit Interferometer -- 15. Wave Function Structure and Transactional
Interpretation -- 16. Intersubjectivity, Relativistic Invariance, and Conditionals (Classical and Quantal) -- 17. Quantization as a Homogeneous Wave Effect -- 18. In Quest of de Broglie Waves -- 19. Why Local Realism? -- 20. Bohm’s
Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory -- 21. Proposal for an Experiment to Detect Macroscopic Quantum Coherence with a System of SQUIDS -- 22. On Longitudinal Free Spacetime Electric and Magnetic Fields in the Einstein-de Broglie
Theory of Light -- 23. Time-Delayed Interferometry with Nuclear Resonance -- 24. A Counterexample of Bohr’s Wave-Particle Complementarity -- 25. Classical Electromagnetic Theory of Diffraction and Interference: Edge, Single-Slit and
Double-Slit Solutions -- 26. A Quasi-Ergodic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- 27. De Broglie Waves and Natural Units -- 28. A Classical Model for Wave-Particle Duality -- 29. Towards a Philosophy of Objects -- 30. The
Energy-Momentum Transport Wave Function -- 31. The Spacetime Structure of Quantum Objects -- 32. Høffding and Bohr: Waves or Particles -- 33. Photonic Tunneling Experiments: Superluminal Tunneling -- 34. Possible Tests of Nonlinear
Quantum Mechanics -- 35. Detection of Empty Waves Contradicts either Special Relativity or Quantum Mechanics -- 36. Interferometry with Very Cold Neutrons -- 37. Velocity-Symmetrizing Synchronization and Conventional Aspects of
Relativity -- 38. Trajectories of Particles Interacting with Environments -- 39. On the Wave System Theory of the EPR Experiment -- 40. CFD or not CFD? That is the Question -- 41. Quantum Particle as Seen in Light Scattering -- 42. e2
= ?h, the Only Physically Justified Formulation of Electron Charge, and the Resulting Electron Energy Paradigm -- 43. Spacetime Approach to Weinberg-Salam Model: Waves and Particles in Spacetime Structure -- 44. Computer Portrayals of
the Sine-Gordon Breather as a Model of the de Broglie Double Solution -- 45. Phenomenology of a Subquantum, Realistic, Relativistic Theory -- 46. p = h/?? W = hv? A Riddle Prior to any Attempt at Grand Unification -- 47. Informational
Experiments with Microparticles and Atoms -- 48. The Principles of Classical Mechanics and their Actuality in Contemporary Microphysics -- 49. Ascribed to and Described by: Which is More Important? -- 50. Quantization of Generalized
Lagrangians: A New Derivation of Dirac’s Equation -- 51. Quantum Transition and Temporal Description -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461525509
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Electrical engineering , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Electrical Engineering , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783709175811:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Few-Body Problems in Physics Proceedings of the XIIIth European Conference on Few-Body Physics, Marciana Marina, Isola d’Elba, Italy, September 9–14, 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (635 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-7581-1
Contents:Session 1 The Structure of Hadrons and Hadronic Interactions -- The Naive Quark Model and Beyond -- Algebraic Approach to Hadronic Structure -- Antiproton Reactions and Charm (With and Without Nuclei) -- The Structure of Scalar and
Vector Mesons -- Some Measurements for Determining Strangeness Matrix Elements in the Nucleon -- Discussion Session: The Structure of Hadrons -- A Covariant Model of Mesons That Decouples Confinement and Chiral Symmetry Breaking --
Compact Colorless Quark-Gluon Clusters in IAE Bag Model and Intermediate Structure of SU(3) Hadrons. Pion and Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors -- Hyperon Structure in the Soliton Approach -- Electroproduction of Strangeness in the
Nucleon -- Session 2 The Quark and Meson-Nucleon Descriptions of Few-Body Systems -- A New Partial Wave Analysis and the Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction -- Uncertainties of Phase Shift Analyses and the Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction -- S-D
Transition in the Nucleon-Nucleon System -- New Results on the ?NN System -- Multiquark Exotics -- Multiquark Spectra in Large Harmonic Oscillator Bases -- The Quark Model, Deuteron Form Factors and Nuclear Magnetic Moments -- Deuteron
Form Factors from Meson-Theoretical Nucleon-Nucleon Interactions -- Discussion Session: Electro- and Photodisintegration of the Deuteron -- to the Discussion Session on Photo- and Electrodisintegration of the Deuteron -- Deuteron
Threshold Electrodisintegration -- L/T Structure of the Electrodisintegration of the Deuteron -- Deuteron Electrodisintegration with Relativistic Corrections -- Deuteron Photodisintegration at Intermediate Energy and Quark Models --
Polarization Observables in Deuteron Electrodisintegration -- Three-Nucleon Potentials Due to ? and ? Exchange -- Three-Body Force Effects in Three-Nucleon Systems. What Was Achieved by the Study of Three-Nucleon Bound States? --
Discussion Session: Break-Up and Continuum States of Few-Nucleon Systems -- Break-Up and Continuum States of Few-Nucleon Systems -- Three-Nucleon Break-Up Processes -- Photo disintegration of 4He -- NN P-Wave Effects in Polarized
Deuteron Capture on Hydrogen: An Exact Faddeev Calculation -- p-d Radiative Capture with Realistic Three-Nucleon Wave Functions -- Recent Advances in Three-Nucleon Continuum Studies -- Low Energy Scattering on Two-Body Bound State in
Cartesian Coordinates -- Session 3 Discussion Session: Mesomolecular Problems and Muon Catalyzed Fusion -- p-d Capture Reactions in Muonic Molecules -- Muon Catalyzed Fusion (µCF) as a Method for Studying Few Nucleon Systems -- Effect
of the Nuclear d-t Resonance on Muon Sticking in µ-Catalyzed Fusion -- Muonic Molecules of Light Nuclei -- Session 4 Response of Few-Body Systems to High Energy Probes -- Theoretical Description of Nucleon Structure Functions --
Discussion Session: The Spin Structure of the Nucleon -- The Spin Muon Collaboration Experiment -- Future Experiments to Measure the Spin Structure of the Nucleon -- Measurement of the Neutron Spin Structure Function—Test of the
Bjorken Sum Rule -- The Role of Sea Polarisation and Gluons in Magnetic Moments and Resonance Excitation -- Discussion Session: Present Status and Future Perspectives in the Experimental Activity -- Summary of Sessions on Experimental
Facilities -- MAMI Experimental Activity -- Nuclear Physics with 1 GeV Continuous Current Electron Beams. -- Few-Body Experimental Program at CEBAF -- Few-Body Physics at TRIUMF and KAON -- News from SATURNE in Few-Body Systems -- The
Few-Body Experimental Activity at the Saskatchewan Accelerator Laboratory -- Discussion Session: Present Status and Future Perspectives in the Experimental Activity -- The Many Facets of QCD at Low and Medium Energies: The Role of the
Nucleus. European Collaboration for a Continuous Wave Electron Accelerator at 15–30 GeV -- Present and Future Few-Nucleon Studies with Cooler Beams at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility -- Discussion Session: Electron Scattering
by Few-Nucleon Systems -- The Scattering of Polarized Electrons from Polarized 3He: First Experiments and Implications for the Measurement of GEn -- Anomaly in the Transverse Response of 3He(e, e’p) Reaction for High Recoil Momentum --
Electromagnetic Studies of Few-Body Systems Using BLAST -- Studies of Inclusive Electron Scattering off the Lightest Nuclei -- Session 5 Theoretical Methods in Few-Body Problems -- Relativistic Approaches to the Few-Body Problem --
Front-Form Calculation of ?d ? np Reactions at High Energies -- Relativistic Two-Body Equations and Nuclear Interactions -- Discussion Session: New Approaches for Bound and Scattering States -- New Approaches for Bound and Scattering
States -- New Applications of the Faddeev Approach to the Three-Body Coulomb Problem -- New Method for Solving Three-Dimensional Schrödinger Equation -- The Integrodifferential Equation Approach and Some Applications -- Study of the
Bound States of Few-Nucleon Systems with Correlated Basis Functions -- Discussion Session: Few-Body Problems in Atomic and Molecular Physics: Dynamics and Reactions -- Discrete Analogs of Hyperspherical Harmonics and Their Use for the
Quantum Mechanical Three-Body Problem -- Many-Body Coulomb Systems Above the Threshold for Total Break-Up -- Non-Relativistic Field Theory in Few-Body Atomic Physics -- Discussion Session: Few-Body Problems in Atomic and Molecular
Physics: Bound States and Molecular Structure -- Green’s Functions for Molecules -- Bound States and Molecular Structure of Systems with Hyperons -- List of Participants -- Author Index
ISBN:9783709175811
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Few-Body Systems: 6
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Nuclear fusion , Physical measurements , Measurement , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783540472643:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Physics Concepts in the Study of Atomic Cluster Physics Proceedings of the 88th WE-Heraeus-Seminar Held at Bad Honnef, FRG, 26–29 November 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (13 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-55625-7
Contents:Clusters in nuclear physics: From nuclear molecules to cluster radioactivities -- Balian-Bloch supershells for pedestrians -- Selfconsistent calculation of electronic supershells in metal clusters -- Supershells in laser-warmed
Na-clusters -- Coexistence of electronic shells and shells of atoms in microclusters -- Magic numbers of Coulomb and Lennard-Jones crystals and quasicrystals -- Clusters as solitons on the nuclear surface -- Fission versus metastable
decay series of rare gas cluster ions -- Applications of the liquid drop model to metal clusters -- The dynamical model of the atomic cluster fraqmentation -- Fission of metallic clusters -- Dissociation of doubly-charged alkali-metal
clusters -- Projectile break-up in heavy ion collisions: Molecular dynamics for clusters of alpha particles -- Nuclear heavy-ion and atomic cluster-cluster collisions -- Molecular dynamics simulations of cluster-cluster collisions --
Collision-induced reactions of size-selected cluster ions of Ar -- Reactions and fission of clusters -- Molecule-cluster collisions: Reaction of D2 with Ni13 -- Vibrational dynamics of large clusters from high resolution He atom
scattering -- Collision experiments with C60 -- Ion trap studies of ternary and radiative association processes -- Chemical reactions of trapped metal clusters -- Electron scattering and electromagnetic response properties of metal
clusters -- Statistical fragmentation of clusters into clusters — in the example of nuclear fragmentation -- Shell effects in cluster-cluster collisions -- Snowballs: Micro-clusters in liquid helium as tools in nuclear and
condensed-matter physics -- Collective excitations in silver cluster anions and kations -- RPA in nuclei and metal clusters -- Optical response of doped S1-electron metal clusters -- Collective excitations in large metal clusters --
Quantum molecular interpretation of optical response properties of simple metal clusters -- Photoelectron spectroscopy of alkali metal cluster anions -- Structure and bonding in aluminium and gallium clusters -- Electronic shell
structures in aluminum and noble metal clusters -- Correlated electron pairs in metal clusters -- Electronic and atomic structure of simple-metal clusters: Beyond the spherical jellium model -- Shell-model and projected mean-field
approach to electronic excitations of atomic clusters -- Dipole excitations of closed-shell alkali-metal clusters -- Some considerations on “isoarithmic” and isoelectronic clusters -- Magnetic properties of transition- and rare-earth
metal clusters
ISBN:9783540472643
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 404
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Nuclear fusion , Atoms , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783540467946:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Eruptive Solar Flares Proceedings of Colloquium No. 133 of the International Astronomical Union Held at Iguazú, Argentina, 2–6 August 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (409 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-55246-4
Contents:History and basic characteristics of eruptive flares -- Basic magnetic configuration and energy supply processes for an interacting flux model of eruptive solar flares -- The role of cancelling magnetic fields in the buildup to
erupting filaments and flares -- Variation of the vector magnetic field in an eruptive flare -- Intrinsically hot flares and a possible connection to deep convective magnetic fields -- Interaction of large-scale magnetic structures in
solar flares -- The intrinsic relationship between flares and eruption of filament currents -- Filament eruptions, flaring arches and eruptive flares -- MHD non-equilibrium: A numerical experiment -- Triggering of eruptive flares:
Destabilization of the preflare magnetic field configuration -- Field opening and reconnection -- Energy release at Alfvénic fronts in a force-free magnetic flux tube -- Energy transport in solar flares: Implications for Ca XIX
emission -- Fluid flow in a jet and the CA XIX line profiles observed during solar flares -- Characteristics of the impulsive phase of flares -- Comparison of UV and X-ray solar flare observations and theoretical models -- White-light
flares -- “Post” flare loops -- Plasma parameters derived from MSDP observations of cool flare loops -- Flare evolution in the density temperature diagram -- The Neupert Effect: What can i tell us about the impulsive and gradual phases
of eruptive flares? -- Particle acceleration in the impulsive phase of solar flares -- Kinetic description of electron beams in the chromosphere -- Nuclear reactions in flares -- Radio emission of eruptive flares -- Arcsecond
determination of solar burst centers of emission simultaneous to high time resolution and high sensitivity at 48 GHz -- Trapping and escape of the high energy particles responsible for major proton events -- Coronal and interplanetary
transport of solar flare protons from the ground level event of 29 september 1989 -- High energetic solar proton flares of 19 to 29 October 1989 -- Large-scale quasi-stationary X-ray coronal structures associated with eruptive solar
flares -- Large scale structures associated with eruptive flares and radio waves -- Coronal millimeter sources associated with eruptive flares -- On the association between large scale X-ray brightenings and solar flares -- A giant
post-flare coronal arch observed by Skylab -- Characteristics of coronal mass ejections -- The solar sources of coronal mass ejections -- Remote sensing observations of mass ejections and shocks in interplanetary space -- In situ
observations of coronal mass ejections in interplanetary space -- Meter-decameter radio emission associated with a coronal mass ejection -- Models of normal and inverse polarity filament eruptions and coronal mass ejections -- MHD
shocks and simple waves in CMES -- Terrestrial response to eruptive solar flares: Geomagnetic storms -- Stellar flares: Confined or eruptive events? -- Radio flare emission from late-type stars -- The Solar-A mission experiments and
the targets -- Nobeyama radioheliograph -- Decimeter high resolution solar radio spectroscope -- Considerations of a Solar Mass Ejection Imager in a low-earth orbit -- An Observational-conceptual model of the formation of filaments --
Dynamics in the prominence-corona transition region from HRTS spectra -- Active region classifications, complexity, and flare rates -- Compact sources of suprathermal microwave emission detected in quiescent active regions during lunar
occulatations -- Velocity field in the 13 June 1980 flare area -- Deformation of magnetic null points -- The X12 limb flare and spray of 01 June 1991 -- Analysis of X-ray flares observed by the SMM spacecraft -- Distribution function
for electron beams in the chromosphere -- Sub-second variations of HXR and H-alpha flare emission -- The role of protons in solar flares -- High spectral resolution of MM-wavelength (23 – 18 GHz) solar bursts -- Microwave flare
characteristics in 8 and 3 mm Metsähovi measurements compared with optical and H-alpha data -- Simultaneous H? and microwave observations of a limb flare on June 20, 1989 -- Nonresonant ion-beam turbulence in solar flares -- Nonlinear
emission mechanism of type III solar radio bursts -- A numerical simulation of magnetically driven coronal mass ejections -- Coronal mass ejections: The link between solar and geomagnetic activity -- A study of geomagnetic variations
with periods of four years, six months and 27 days -- Atmospheric models of flare stars -- The emerging picture of eruptive solar flares
ISBN:9783540467946
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 399
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781461533429:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Shapes and Nuclear Structure at Low Excitation Energies
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (457 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3342-9
Contents:I- Introduction -- Introductory Remarks -- Panoramic New Vistas of Nuclei in and near Their Ground States -- Nuclear Shapes and Nuclear Structure at Low Excitation Energies: Theoretical Aspects -- Atomic Physics and Nuclear Properties
-- II - Atomic Methods in Nuclear Spectroscopy -- Progress in Atomic Physics Experiments on Nuclear Properties -- Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy of Rare-Earth Elements at Iris Facility -- Atomic Spectroscopy as a Probe of Parity
Non-Conserving Effects in the Nucleus -- Isotope Shifts and Hyperfine Structure in Polonium Isotopes by Atomic Beam Laser Spectroscopy -- III- Single Particles Aspect -- Single-Particle Response Function:Complementary Aspects of
(e,e’p) and Transfer Reactions -- Intruder States and Low Energy Nuclear Spectroscopy -- Rotational Structures and Residual Interactions in Doubly Odd Nuclei -- Collective and Quasi-Particle Degrees of Freedom in178Hf -- Diabatic
Effects and Shape Coexistence in Neutron Deficient Pb Isotopes -- IV - Multiphonon States -- Low-Energy Multiphonon States in Deformed Nuclei -- Low-Lying Vibrational States in Deformed Nuclei -- V - Shapes and Coexistence -- Algebraic
Approaches to Nuclear Structure -- Shape Coexistence in the Pb Region -- Population of the Oblate and Prolate Systems in 187Au Produced at Various Beam Energies in Two Different Reactions -- The Shell Model Distribution of Nuclear
Shapes -- Magnetic Dipole Excitations of Heavy Nonspherical Nuclei -- VI - Octupoles -- Reflection-Asymmetric Shapes in Atomic Nuclei -- Electric Transition Strengths in Octupole Nuclei Measured by Coulomb Excitation -- Open Questions
on the Low-Energy Negative-Parity Excitations -- VII - Superdeformation -- Microscopic Description of Superdeformation at Low Spin -- Superdeformation:An Experimental Review -- Thallium Isotopes:A Set of “Identical” Superdeformed Bands
-- Microscopic Description of Quadrupole and Octupole Modes in the Superdeformation Region of 192Hg -- VIII - Exotic Nuclei -- Isospin Forbidden ? Transitions to Low-Lying 0+ States and the Effect on Superallowed Decay Rates -- Nuclei
Far from Stability and the R-Process Waiting-Point Concept -- Emission of Neutrons and the Neutron Halo of 11Li -- Search for New Radioactivities at the Proton Drip-Line -- Internal Conversion Anomaly around A=187 -- Exploration of the
Neutron-Rich Mass Surface from 11Li to 66Fe -- IX - Chaos -- Statistical Properties of Complete Level Schemes -- X - Experimental Techniques -- Nuclear Moments by Orientation Methods -- High-Accuracy Mass Determination of Unstable Rb,
Sr, Cs, Ba, Fr and Ra Isotopes with a Penning Trap Mass Spectrometer -- ?-Ray Spectroscopy of Relativistic Fragments:A Novel Technique -- Lifetime Measurements in Medium Heavy Nuclei Using the Gamma Ray Induced Doppler Broadening
(GRID) Technique -- Post Acceleration of Radioactive Beams:A New Tool for Nuclear Physics Studies -- In Beam Nuclear Polarization of Radioactive Ion Beams -- XI - Conclusion -- Concluding Remarks -- Participants
ISBN:9781461533429
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 289
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783642766619:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Spin Physics Volume 2: Workshops
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (393 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-76661-9
Contents:I Polarized Electron Sources and Electron Spin Polarimeters -- The SLC Polarized Electron Source -- The Orsay Polarized Electron Source -- Source of Polarized Electrons for MAMI B -- Status of the Kharkov Linac Polarized Electron
Source -- Photocathode Studies for an Ultracold Electron Beam Device -- Spin-Polarized Photoelectrons from Optically Pumped p-CdSiAs2(100) -- Development of Polarized Electron Source of GaAs-AlGaAs Superlattice and Strained GaAs --
Spinrotator for MAMI -- Status of the HERA Electron Polarimeter -- The Møller Polarimeter for MAMI -- Monte Carlo Studies of Compton Scattering for the LEP Laser Polarimeter -- List of Participants -- II Siberian Snakes and
Polarization in Circular Machines -- Experiments with Siberian Snakes -- A Partial Snake for the AGS -- An Operational Description of the Compact and Tunable LEP Spin Rotator -- First Evidence of Transverse Polarization in LEP --
Transverse Polarization in LEP -- Compensation of Depolarizing Effects at HERA -- Spin Matching Conditions in Large Electron Storage Rings with Purely Horizontal Beam Polarization -- The New Conceptual Design of Snakes and Spin
Rotators in RHIC -- The Capability of Polarized Beam Acceleration at the Moscow KAON Factory -- Polarized Protons in the TRIUMF KAON Factory -- Status of the Spin Splitter Experiment at IUCF -- An Intense Polarized Beam by a Laser
Ionization Injection -- Higher Order Spin Resonances in High Energy Electron Storage Rings -- On Snake-Orbit Matching -- Reduction of the Spin Perturbations at Using the Intrinsic Framework -- Measurement of Electron Polarization at
TRISTAN -- List of Participants -- III Polarized Gas Targets -- Recent Developments in Laser-Driven Polarized Sources -- Progress on the Michigan-MIT Ultra-Cold Polarized Hydrogen Jet -- Polarized Jet Target of Hydrogen and Deuterium
Atoms -- Accumulation of Hydrogen Atoms in a Low Temperature Storage Cell of a Polarized Hydrogen Gas Jet Source -- Intensity Measurements on the FILTEX Atomic Beam Source -- The Pumping Speed Limitations of the Atomic Beam Intensity
-- Compression of Polarized 3He -- Progress with High Density Polarized 3He Targets -- Spin Relaxation on Surfaces -- Storage Cell Target for Polarized Hydrogen and Deuterium -- The Measurements of the Atoms’ Polarization in the
Drifilm Coating Storage Cell -- Description of an Atomic-Beam Sampling Polarimeter -- A Polarimeter for Polarized Proton Gas Targets -- Gas Dynamics Aspects of Internal Targets -- Protecting the HERMES Experiment from Synchrotron
Radiation -- A Storage Cell for the Filter Target Test Experiment -- Mechanical Design of Storage Cells -- List of Participants -- IV Polarized Solid Targets -- First Use of the Polarized Target Facility at Fermilab -- The Bonn Frozen
Spin Target for Experiments with Real Photons -- The PSI Frozen-Spin Target -- Spin Physics in CHAOS -- The New Polarized Target Facility at the Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology -- A Cryostat for Sample Irradiations in
Liquid Argon -- A Multipurpose Q-Meter with Switching Phase Shift Detector -- Design Considerations for Variable-Frequency Pulsed NMR Deuteron Polarization Measurement -- Instrumentation for the Two-Litre Polarized Target of the SMC
NA47 Experiment -- The PSI NMR-System for Polarized Targets -- Calculation and Simulation of the Deuteron NMR Spectrum in Propanediol -- Polarization Studies with Radiation Doped Ammonia at 5T and 1K -- Polarization Behaviour of NH3 at
3.5 Tesla and in the Frozen Spin Mode -- DNP of 15NH3 -- Butanol in the Frozen Spin Mode -- LAMPF Polarized 13C Targets -- Results from the PSI 6LiD Target -- Comparison of Polarized Target Materials in Different Magnetic Fields --
Dynamic Polarization of Solid 3He -- Investigation of Organic Substances for Development of Targets with Polarized Hydrogen and Deuterium Nuclei -- Progress in the Chemistry of Chromium(V) Doping Agents Used in Polarized Target
Materials -- Some Metal Complexes as Free Radicals for Polarized Targets -- Measurements of Glass Properties and Density of Hydrocarbon Mixtures of Interest in Polarized Targets -- Low Temperature Thermal Properties of Pentanol-2 — A
Perspective Polarized Target Material -- Determination of Polarization Parameters of a Polarized Deuteron Target by Experimental Data -- DNP with Inhomogeneously Broadened ESR Lines -- Polarization Reversal by Adiabatic Fast Passage in
Deuterated Alcohols -- Computer Controlled Microwave System for CERN-SMC Polarized Target -- NMR Data Taking System by Personal Computer PC9801 (NEC) Presented -- A Remark on Nuclear Spin-Lattice Relaxation -- Heat Sinking of Cryogenic
Coaxial Cables in a Dilution Refrigerator -- Density Measurement of Solid Butanol by ?-ray Attenuation -- List of Participants -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642766619
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781468480269:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interaction of Charged Particles with Solids and Surfaces
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (726 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-8026-9
Contents:Mainstream Lecture Series -- Theory of Charged-Particle Stopping -- Dynamical Interaction of Charges with Condensed Matter -- Density Functional Theory of Stopping Power -- Statistics of Charged-Particle Penetration -- Accelerators
and Stopping Power Experiments -- Experimental Aspects of Channeling -- Charged Particle-Surface Interactions and Spectroscopies -- Electron Spectra in Solids -- Low Energy Ion Penetration and Collision Cascades in Solids --
Interaction of Low-Energy Ions, Atoms and Molecules with Surfaces -- Applications of Ion Beams to Materials Science -- Desorption Induced by Electronic Transitions: Basic Principles and Mechanisms -- Invited Lectures -- Impact
Parameter Dependent Energy Loss for Heavy Ions: an Overview -- Questions Concerning the Stopping Power of Heavy Ions in Solids -- Scattering of Fast Ions and Energy Loss on Surfaces -- Neutralization of Fast Protons in Grazing
Collisions with an A1(111) Surface -- On the Stopping Power of an Electron Gas for Slow Proton and Antiproton -- Electron Capture in Atomic Collisions -- Channeling and Channeling Radiation Theory -- Wakes, Dynamic Screening -- Current
Topics in Kinetic Electron Emission from Solids -- Convoy Electrons -- Surface Electron Spectroscopy Importance of Particle Transport -- Stopping Power of Hot Plasmas and Cold Solids: Dielectric and Transport Cross Section Formulations
-- Ion-Induced Emission From Magnetic Materials Near Phase Transition Temperature -- Contributed Papers: Ion Stopping -- Accurate Quantum Mechanical Calculation of Stopping Powers for Intermediate Energy Light Ions Penetrating Atomic H
and He Targets -- Charge Exchange and Energy Loss of Particles Interacting with Surfaces -- Effective Charge of Helium Ions in Solids -- Wake Potential in the Vicinities of a Surface -- Stopping Power of Large Molecular Clusters in
Cold and Heated Solids -- A Stopping Power Formula for Helium Ions -- Survey of Heavy-Ions Research at CIRIL/GANIL -- Influence of Thickness Fluctuations on the Energy-Loss Spectra of Protons Transmitted through Thin Films --
Contributed Papers: Stopping of Electrons -- Inelastic Interactions of Electrons with Solids: LPA and Penn’s Statistical Model -- Energy Distribution of Electrons Excited by Slow Particles in Solids -- Ion-Induced Auger Electron
Emission from Single Crystals: Experiment and Simulation -- Electron Spectra from Ion Bombardment of Cleaned Surfaces Covered with Frozen Gases at Low Sample Temperatures -- Emission of Spin-Polarized Electrons to Study Surface
Magnetism and Particle-Surface Interaction -- Positron Thermalisation in Aluminum -- Contributed Papers: Low Energies -- Interaction of a Charged Particle with a Semi Infinite Non Polar Dielectric Liquid -- On the Experimental
Verification of Various Mechanisms of Secondary Atomic and Molecular Ion Production Upon Ion Bombardment of Pure Metals -- Cascade Evolution and Sputtering in Condensed Rare Gases -- Contributed Papers: Applications -- Monte Carlo
Simulations of Deposition Processes -- Growth of Thin Films by Ion Beam Sputtering: Study of Rare Gas Incorporation -- Experimental Evidence of the Bond Breaking Mechanism in Oxygen Secondary Ion Emission Enhancement -- Ion Beam
Induced Ni-Ag Mixing -- SIMS Surface Analysis of PET: Degradation Development -- Closing Remarks -- Closing Remarks: Perspectives in Particle-Solid Interactions -- Participants -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468480269
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nato ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 271
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781468413601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Technologies for Supercolliders
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (391 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-1360-1
Contents:Why 200 TeV -- Calorimetry -- A Totally Active Liquid Xenon or Kripton Electromagnetic Calorimeter for High Luminosity Hadron Colliders -- Progress on BaF2 Calorimeters -- A New Scintillator: LiBaF3, and Its Basic Properties -- Hybrid
Photodiode Tube -- Calorimeters Sampled with Warm Liquids -- Electron Identification with TRD at Future Colliders -- Trigger and Data Acquisition Prospects for the Spaghetti Calorimeter -- Subnuclear Multichannel Integrated Detector
Technologies -- Development of Front End Electronics for Future Supercollider Experiments -- Large Area Devices -- A Study of a Toroidal Muon Spectrometer with a Discrete Air Coil for a Multi-TeV Hadron-Hadron Collider -- Latest
Results on the Development of the Gaseous Pixel Chamber -- The Muon Spectrometer: What is Needed? -- High Precision Tracking -- Scintillating Fibres for Central Tracking of Charged Particles -- Opto-electronic Delay for the Readout of
Particle Tracks from Scintillating Fibres -- GaAs Detectors for Physics at the LHC -- New Developments in Gaseous Tracking Chambers -- Superconducting Strips for Microvertex Detectors -- Leading Particle Detection -- Status of Leading
Particle Detection -- Supercollider Physics -- QCD Physics of Jets in the TeV Range -- Higher-order Corrections in QCD Event Simulation -- High Energy Phenomenon of Baryon Number Violation -- Monte Carlo Simulation -- A “Super Monte
Carlo” for Multi-TeV Physics Simulation -- Computing Tools, Now and then -- Detector Simulation for Complex Multi-TeV Experiments -- Data Acquisition and Analysis -- Image Processing at Supercolliders -- Signal Processing, Triggering
and Data Acquisition -- Participants
ISBN:9781468413601
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Ettore Majorana International Science Series, Physical Sciences : 57
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781461538349:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spin and Isospin in Nuclear Interactions
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (535 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3834-9
Contents:Deep Inelastic Scattering of Leptons and Tests of Quark/Parton Models -- Meson-Exchange and Deep Inelastic Scattering -- Electron Scattering with Polarized 3He -- Hadronic Reactions in the Quasi-Elastic Peak Region -- ? Excitations in
Nuclei -- Gluons, Spin and Flavour in the LEP -- Tensor Polarization Measurements of the Recoil Deuterons in Elastic Electron-Deuteron Scattering -- Electron Scattering from Tensor-Polarized Deuterons in the VEPP-3 Electron Storage
Ring -- Study of Decay and Absorption of ? Resonance in Nuclei with a 4? Detector -- First Measurements of Spin Observables in $$N\bar N$$ Scattering Experiments at LEAR -- Flavor Production at Low Energies -- Chiral-Odd Parton
Distributions and Polarized Drell-Yan -- Measurement of Spin Transfer Parameters in the $$\bar pp \to \bar nn$$ Charge-Exchange Reaction at LEAR -- Study of the np ? pp?- Reaction with the Vertex Detector ARCOLE -- Three Decades of
Missing Gamow-Teller Strength -- Chiral Symmetry and Axial Charge Sum Rules -- Spontaneous-Symmetry Breaking and Gamow-Teller States -- Ground State Gamow-Teller Strength in 64Ni(n,p)64Co -- Structure of Neutron Rich Nucleus 11Be
Studied by the 11B( $$\vec d$$, 2He) Reaction at 70 MeV -- Development and Application of Full-Folding Optical Potentials -- Spin Dependent Effective Interaction for Medium Energy Nucleon-Nucleus Scattering -- Measurements of
Polarization Transfer Observables in ( $$\left( {\vec{p},\vec{p}'} \right)$$ ) Reactions at Intermediate Energies -- Modifications of the Effective Isovector Interaction from Studies of ( $$\left( {\vec{p},\vec{p}'} \right)$$ )
Polarization Transfer -- Medium Modifications of the NN Interaction and (p, p’) Scattering -- Experimental Foundation for NN Interactions: A Comment -- Spin-Longitudinal Correlations -- The Continuum Spin Response to Intermediate
Energy Protons at Low Momentum Transfer -- The Nuclear Spin Response in Extended RPA Theories -- Fragmentation of the M6 Response -- Measuring the Quark Contribution to the Proton Spin Through vp ? vp -- 37Ca ?+-Decay: Is the GT
Strength Really ‘Quenched’? -- Isospin and Quarks in Nuclear Beta-Decay -- Scattering of Protons and Pions from Polarized 3He -- Polarization Transfer in (p,n) Reactions at 495 MeV -- Relativistic Effects on Spin Observables -- Recent
Results of (n,p) Studies at Intermediate Energies -- Theory of Inclusive (p,n) and (3He,t) Reactions on Nuclei in the Quasielastic and ?-Isobar Excitation Region -- Recent Developments in Low-Energy Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction Studies
-- Delta and Roper Resonance Excitation in Hadronic Interactions with Particles of Isoscalar Structure -- The Quasifree Response for (d,2p) on Nuclei -- Conference Summary -- Participants
ISBN:9781461538349
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Nuclear engineering , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Nuclear Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400918627:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Paradoxes and Physical Reality
Author(s): Franco Selleri
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (374 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-1862-7
Contents:1 / Quantum Theorists and the Physical World -- 1.1. Three Central Questions about Physics -- 1.2. The Older Generation -- 1.3. The Middle Generation -- 1.4. The Younger Generation -- 1.5. Conclusions -- 2 / Is Quantum Mechanics a
Complete Theory? -- 2.1. The Problem of Completeness and of Hidden Variables -- 2.2. De Broglie’s Paradox -- 2.3. The Spin-1/2 System in Quantum Mechanics -- 2.4. A Simple Proof of von Neumann’s Theorem -- 2.5. The Theorem is not
General Enough -- 2.6. Von Neumann’s Theorem: Assumptions, Definitions, and Results -- 2.7. General Proof of von Neumann’s Theorem -- 2.8. Jauch and Piron’s Theorem -- 2.9. The Debate on Impossibility Proofs -- 3 / The Wave—Particle
Duality -- 3.1. Duality for Photons -- 3.2. Duality for Neutrons -- 3.3. Einstein’s Discovery of Duality -- 3.4. De Broglie’s Duality -- 3.5. Schrödinger’s Waves -- 3.6. Bohr’s Complementarity -- 3.7. Fock’s Relativity with Respect to
the Means of Observation -- 3.8. Heisenberg Beyond Complementarity -- 3.9. The Consciousness Interpretation -- 3.10. Delayed Choices -- 3.11. How to do what Complementarity Forbids -- 4 / Properties of Quantum Waves -- 4.1. Quantum
Waves and Quantum Potential -- 4.2. Experiments on the Nature of Duality -- 4.3. Stimulated Emission -- 4.4. Quantitative Empty Wave Amplification -- 4.5. Two Further Experimental Proposals -- 4.6. Triple-Slit Experiments -- 4.7. The
Bohm—Aharonov Effect -- 4.8. Further Ideas about Wave—Particle Duality -- 5 / The Einstein—Podolsky—Rosen Paradox -- 5.1. The Original Formulation -- 5.2. Bohr’s Answer -- 5.3. Two Types of State Vectors -- 5.4. Spin States for Two
Particles -- 5.5. Reality and Separability -- 5.6. The EPR Paradox: Quantum Mechanics Complete -- 5.7. The EPR Paradox: Quantum Mechanics not Complete -- 5.8. From Theory to Practice -- 5.9. The Experimental Information -- 5.10.
Solution 1: Modifying the Past -- 5.11. Solution 2: Superluminal Connections -- 5.12. Solution 3: New Definitions of Probability -- 5.13. Solution 4: Modifications of Quantum Theory -- 6 / The EPR Paradox in the Real World -- 6.1.
Criticisms of Einstein Locality -- 6.2. Probabilistic Einstein Locality -- 6.3. New Proof of Bell’s Inequality -- 6.4. Probabilities for Pairs of Correlated Systems -- 6.5. A New Factorizability Condition -- 6.6. All the Inequalities
of Einstein Locality -- 6.7. Tests of the EPR Paradox in Particle Physics -- 6.8. On the Possibility of New Experiments -- 6.9. Variable Probabilities -- 7 / Perspectives of Physical Realism -- 7.1. Objectivity of Scientific Knowledge
-- 7.2. Mathematics and Reality -- 7.3. The Role of History of Physics -- 7.4. Fragmentation of Modern Physics -- 7.5. Niels Bohr and Philosophy -- 7.6. Quantum Physics and Biological Sciences -- 7.7. Forms of Physical Realism
ISBN:9789400918627
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 35
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Quantum Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781468499810:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heavy Flavours and High-Energy Collisions in the 1–100 TeV Range
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (620 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-9981-0
Contents:Heavy Flavour Physics -- 1. Properties of B Mesons Results from ARGUS -- 2. Recent Results from CLEO on the Decay of B Mesons -- 3. B-Physics Possibilities at DO -- 4. B Meson Lifetime Measurement -- 5. Experimental Status of CP
Violation in K° ? ?? -- 6. Heavy Flavours in Photoproduction Experiments -- 7. Hadroproduction of Top for mt? mw -- 8. Heavy Flavour Production Results from UA -- 9. Masses of Heavy Flavoured Hadrons -- 10. Measuring the Chiralities of
Weak b ? c (u) Transitions in Inclusive B Meson Decays -- 11. Rare B Decays: A Window on the Standard Model and Beyond it for the 90’s -- 12. CP Violation in the B System -- 13. A Theoretical Determination of the CP Violating Phase ?00
-- 14. Possible Searches for CP Non-Conservation in Z Boson Decays -- 15. Heavy Flavour Production in High Energy Electron-Proton Collisions -- 16. The Lepton-Quark Mass Spectrum — a Guide to the Physics Beyond Standard Model -- 17.
Threshold B?B Factories -- 18. Experimental Aspects of Heavy Quark Physics at HERA -- 19. Prospects in Top Physics -- 20. Photons, Electrons and Muons in Past, Present and Future -- High Energy Physics with 1–100 TeV Proton Beams --
21. Perspectives for a new Detector at a Future Supercollider: the LAA Project -- 22. Experimentation at Supercolliders -- 23. Calorimetry in the Supercollider Era -- 24. Fast Intelligent Systems at the ELOISATRON -- 25. Review of
Experimental Results and Perspectives from UA2 at the CERN p?p Collider -- 26. Electroweak Symmetry Breaking studies at the pp Colliders of the 1990’s and Beyond -- 27. Non-Perturbative Aspects of the Higgs Sector in the Standard
Electroweak Theory -- 28. Gluino Signatures And Discovery When R-Parity Is Broken -- 29. Testing of the WW? Coupling at Future Multi-TeV pp-Colliders -- 30. Aspects of the Gluonic Production of Weakly Interacting Particles -- 31.
Excited Quarks and Leptons -- 32. Probing New Contact Interactions at Future pp, ep and e+e- Colliders -- QCD -- 33. Monte Carlo Simulation of General Hard Processes with QCD Coherence -- 34. Semihard interactions and Inelastic Cross
Section in High Energy Hadronic Collisions -- 35. The Pomeron in QCD and Experiment -- Participants
ISBN:9781468499810
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Ettore Majorana International Science Series : 44
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781468457155:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Matter and Heavy Ion Collisions Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Nuclear Matter and Heavy Ion Collisions, held February 7–16, 1989, in Les Houches, France
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (511 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5715-5
Contents:Invited Papers -- Nuclear Matter with Non-Relativistic Potentials: Present Status -- A Relativistic Theory of Nuclear Matter -- Elements of a Relativistic Microscopic Theory of Hadronic Matter in Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium -- Hot
Nuclear Matter -- to Non-Relativistic Transport Theories -- Relativistic Transport Theory of Fluctuating Fields For Hadrons -- Pion Absorption in Nuclei -- Formation and Decay of Hot Nuclei: The Experimental Situation --
Multifragmentation Of Nuclei -- Nuclear Matter and Fragmenting Nuclei -- Collective Phenomena in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions: The Experimental Situation -- Inclusive Experiments, Correlations and Pion Production Data --
Confrontation of Theoretical Approaches and Experimental Data on High Energy Heavy Ion Collisions -- Momentum Dependent Mean Fields in The BUU Model of Heavy Ion Collisions -- Hard Photons and Subthreshold Mesons From Nucleus-Nucleus
Collisions -- Measurements of e+e- Pair Production at The Bevalac -- Status Of The SIS/ESR-Project at GSI -- Contributed Papers -- Heavy Ions at Saturne -- Pion Polarisations in The Relativistic Dirac-Brueckner Model -- Cut-Off And
Effective Meson Field Theory -- A Non-Perturbative Transport Theory For Nuclear Collective Motion -- Timescale of Particle Emission Using Nuclear Interferometry -- Determination of Time Scales in Intermediate Energy Reactions --
Fragment Production and Nuclear Freezeout -- A Excitation in Nuclei by Heavy Ion Charge-Exchange Reactions -- Momentum Dependent Potentials in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions -- Classical Models Of Heavy Ion Collisions --
Relativistic Molecular Dynamics and The Relativistic Vlasov Equation -- Stability Conditions and Vibration Modes of Self-Consistent Vlasov Solutions with Diffuse Surface -- Sideward Flow of Charged Particles and Neutrons in Heavy Ion
Collisions -- Dilepton Radiation From Hot Nuclear Matter and Nucleon-Nucleon Collisions -- Kaon And Pion Production in the Reaction Silicon (14.5 MeV) on Gold -- Participants
ISBN:9781468457155
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 205
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Particle and Nuclear Physics
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