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Call number: | 9789402409994:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Practical Essentials |
Author(s): |
Francesco Knechtli |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XIII, 140 p. 12 illus., 1 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Quantum Field Theory (QFT) on the Lattice -- A brief history of quarks and gluons -- Classical fields and gauge invariance -- Hamiltonian and path integral formulations of quantum mechanics -- Quantum fields on a lattice -- Recovering |
continuum QCD -- Further reading -- Monte Carlo methods -- Markov chain Monte Carlo -- Sampling Yang–Mills gauge fields -- Hybrid Monte Carlo -- Symplectic integration schemes -- Summary and Further reading -- Handling fermions on the | |
lattice -- Wick contractions -- Sparse Linear Algebra -- Fermion determinant -- HMC with fermions revisited -- The quark propagator from a point source -- All-to-all quark propagators -- Summary and Further reading -- Calculating | |
observables of quantum fields -- Symmetry properties of creation and annihilation operators -- Techniques for hadron spectroscopy -- Gluons, Wilson Loops and glueballs -- Quarks and hadron physics -- Statistical data analysis -- | |
Summary -- A Notational conventions -- A.1 SU(N) notation -- A.2 Fermions -- A.3 Probability spaces -- References | |
ISBN: | 9789402409994 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Computers , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Computing Methodologies , Mathematical Physics |
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Call number: | 9783319495712:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Characterizing Entanglement and Quantum Correlations Constrained by Symmetry |
Author(s): |
Jordi Tura i Brugués |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XXV, 237 p. 17 illus., 8 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Background -- PPT Entangled Symmetric States -- Nonlocality in Multipartite Quantum States -- Relating Entanglement and Nonlocality -- Atomic Monogamies of Correlations -- Conclusions and Outlook |
ISBN: | 9783319495712 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Mathematical Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics |
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Call number: | 9783319461434:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Universal Coefficient Theorem and Quantum Field Theory A Topological Guide for the Duality Seeker |
Author(s): |
Andrei-Tudor Patrascu |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XVI, 270 p. 6 illus., 1 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Elements of General Topology -- Algebraic Topology -- Homological Algebra -- Connections: Topology and Analysis -- The Atyiah Singer Index Theorem -- Universal Coeﬃcient Theorems -- BV and BRST Quantization, Quantum |
Observables and Symmetry -- Universal Coeﬃcient Theorem and Quantum Field Theory -- The Universal Coeﬃcient Theorem and Black Holes -- From Grothendieck’s Schemes to QCD -- Conclusions. | |
ISBN: | 9783319461434 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Algebraic topology , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Algebraic Topology , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory |
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Call number: | 9783319436265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | EPFL Lectures on Conformal Field Theory in D ≥ 3 Dimensions |
Author(s): |
Slava Rychkov |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XII, 72 p. 14 illus., 12 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Physical Foundations of Conformal Symmetry -- Conformal kinematics -- Radial quantization and OPE -- Conformal Bootstrap |
ISBN: | 9783319436265 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences |
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Call number: | 9780849387760:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Gauge theories in particle physics [electronic resource] : a practical introduction. Vol. 2, Non-Abelian gauge theories : QCD and the electroweak theory |
Author(s): |
Ian Johnston Rhind Aitchison |
Date: | 2004 |
Edition: | 3rd ed. |
Publisher: | Bristol : Institute of Physics Pub. |
Size: | 1 online resource (454 p.) |
Contents: | pt. 5. Non-abelian symmetries -- pt. 6. QCD and the renormalization group -- pt. 7. Spontaneously broken symmetry -- pt. 8. Weak interactions and the electroweak theory. |
ISBN: | 9780849387760 |
Series: | CRCnetBase eBook platform |
Series: | Graduate student series in physics |
Series: | eBooks single |
Keywords: | Gauge fields (Physics) , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Weak interactions (Nuclear physics) , Quantum electrodynamics , Feynman diagrams |
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Call number: | 7349:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | At the leading edge [electronic resource]: the ATLAS and CMS LHC experiments |
Author(s): |
Dan Green (ed.) |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific |
Size: | 1 online resource (436 p.) |
Note: | Unlimited concurrent users |
Note: | World Scientific eBook platform |
Contents: | Introduction : How physics defines the LHC environment and detectors -- The CMS pixel detector, W. Erdmann -- The hybrid tracking systems of ATLAS, Leonardo Rossi -- The all-silicon strip CMS tracker : microtechnology at the macroscale, M. Mannelli -- The ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeters : features and performance Luciano Mandelli -- The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter : crystals and APD productions, P. Bloch -- ATLAS electronics : an overview, Philippe Farthouat -- Innovations in the CMS tracker electronics, G. Hall -- TileCal : the hadronic section of the central ATLAS calorimeter, K. Anderson ... et al. -- Innovations for the CMS HCAL, J. Freeman -- ATLAS superconducting toroids : the largest ever built, Herman H.J. ten Kate -- Constructing a 4-tesla large thin solenoid at the limit of what can be safely operated, A. Herve. -- The ATLAS muon spectrometer, Giora Mikenberg -- The CMS muon detector : from the first thoughts to the final design, Fabrizio Gasparini -- The why and how of the ATLAS data acquisition system, Livio Mapelli and Giuseppe Mornacchi -- Removing the haystack : the CMS trigger and data acquisition system, Vivian O'Dell. |
ISBN: | 9789814277624 |
Series: | eBooks Single |
Keywords: | Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland) , Nuclear counters , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Symmetry (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783658125493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Toroidal Multipole Moments in Classical Electrodynamics An Analysis of their Emergence and Physical Significance |
Author(s): |
Stefan Nanz |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (87 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-658-12549-3 |
Contents: | Symmetry Considerations of Charge-Current Distributions -- Multipole Expansion of the Electromagnetic Potentials and Fields -- Conclusions for the Physical Significance of Toroidal Multipole Moments |
ISBN: | 9783658125493 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Nuclear physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319314389:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Strangeness and Charge Symmetry Violation in Nucleon Structure |
Author(s): |
Phiala Elisabeth Shanahan |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (19 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-31438-9 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Quantum Chromodynamics -- Chiral Perturbation Theory -- Octet Baryon Mass Splittings -- Sigma Commutators -- Parton Distribution Moments -- Electromagnetic Form Factors -- Summary and Outlook |
ISBN: | 9783319314389 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Mathematical Methods in Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319312996:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | At the Frontier of Spacetime Scalar-Tensor Theory, Bells Inequality, Machs Principle, Exotic Smoothness |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (15 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-31299-6 |
Contents: | 65 Years in and Around Relativity (C. H. Brans) -- Part I Scalar-Tensor Theories (Brans-Dicke Theory): Nonminimal Couplings in the Early Universe: Multifield Models of Inflation and the Latest Observations (D. I. Kaiser) -- A New |
Estimate of the Mass of the Gravitational Scalar Field for Dark Energy (Y. Fujii) -- Axion and dilaton + metric emerge jointly from an electromagnetic model universe with local and linear response behavior (F. W. Hehl) -- Gravitational | |
theories with stable (anti-)de Sitter backgrounds (T. Biswas, A. Koshelev and A. Mazumdar) -- Rotating Boson Stars (E. W. Mielke) -- The Lambda-CDM Model is not a Universal Attractor of the Brans-Dicke Cosmology (I. Quiros) -- New | |
Setting for Spontaneous Gauge Symmetry Breaking? (R. Jackiw and S.-Y. Pi) -- The Brans-Dicke theory and its experimental tests (M. P. McHugh) -- Part II Mach's Principle and Bell's inequality: Mach's Principle and the Origin of Inertia | |
(B. Mashhoon) -- The Significance of Measurement Independence for Bell Inequalities and Locality (M. J. W. Hall) -- Part III Exotic Smoothness and Space-Time Models: Exotic Smoothness, Physics and Related Topics (J. Sladkowski) -- | |
Model and Set-Theoretic Aspects of Exotic Smoothness Structures on R^4 (J. Król) -- Exotic Smoothness on Spheres (D. Randall) -- Smooth Quantum Gravity: Exotic Smoothness and Quantum Gravity (T. Asselmeyer-Maluga) | |
ISBN: | 9783319312996 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics: 183 |
Keywords: | Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319253763:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Probing the Response of Two-Dimensional Crystals by Optical Spectroscopy |
Author(s): |
Yilei Li |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (69 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-25376-3 |
Contents: | Introduction and Background -- Intrinsic Doping Dependence of Raman 2D Mode in Graphene: Signatures of Electron-Electron Interaction -- Coupling of Strongly Localized Graphene Plasmons to Molecular Vibrations -- Dielectric Response of |
a Thin Sheet -- Measurement of the Optical Dielectric Function of Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2 -- Measurement of the Second-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility and Probing Symmetry Properties of | |
Few-Layer MoS2 and h-BN by Optical Second-Harmonic Generation -- Valley Splitting and Polarization by Zeeman Effect in Monolayer MoSe2 -- Conclusion and Prospect | |
ISBN: | 9783319253763 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Optical and Electronic Materials , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Spectroscopy and Microscopy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319248714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments Selected Lectures, 3rd Dynamics Days South America, Valparaiso 3-7 November 2014 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (114 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-24871-4 |
Contents: | Visualisation of the intensity and phase dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstructions -- Coarsening dynamics of umbilical defects in inhomogeneous medium -- Spreading, Nonergodicity, and Selftrapping: a puzzle |
of interacting disordered lattice waves -- Nonlinear dynamics of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers: deterministic chaos and random number generation -- Experimental observation of front propagation in Lugiato-Lefever equation in | |
a negative diffractive regime and inhomogeneous Kerr cavity -- Splitting, hatching and transformation of the repetition rate in a mode locked laser -- Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Nonlinear Systems: an Overview and a Simple Model | |
-- Experimental Spatiotemporal Chaotic textures in a Liquid Crystal Light Valve with optical feedback | |
ISBN: | 9783319248714 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Physics: 173 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physical chemistry , Lasers , Photonics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Complexity, Computational , Fluid mechanics , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Laser Technology, Photonics , Physical Chemistry , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319222073:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Study of the Isoscalar Giant Monopole Resonance The Role of Symmetry Energy in Nuclear Incompressibility in the Open-Shell Nuclei |
Author(s): |
Darshana Chandrakant Patel |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (9 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-22207-3 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Nuclear Matter Incompressibility -- Giant Resonances -- Compressional Mode GRs and Nuclear Incompressibility -- Experimental Tools to Study ISGMR -- Motivation -- Theory of Collective Motion -- Introduction -- |
Distorted-Wave Born Approximation (DWBA) -- Sum rules -- Transition Densities and Transition Potentials -- Contribution from the Isovector Giant Dipole Resonance -- Experimental Overview and Data Reduction -- Overview -- Experimental | |
Setup -- Detector Setup -- Data Acquisition System -- Experimental Specifications -- Data Reduction -- Data Analysis -- Overview -- Optical Model -- Global Optical Model Analysis -- Multipole Decomposition Analysis -- Results and | |
Discussion -- Overview -- E-309 -- E-340 -- E.318 -- Summary and Current Status | |
ISBN: | 9783319222073 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319218281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta |
Author(s): |
Kerry Kuehn |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (463 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-21828-1 |
Contents: | A New Science of Heat -- Heat, Symmetry and Mathematics -- Steam Engines and Heat Flow -- Carnot's Cycle -- Engines are Thermometers -- Temperature, Pressure and Reversibility -- The Language of Science -- Energy and Entropy -- |
Conduction of Heat -- On Radiation -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory 2 -- Dynamical and Statistical Laws -- The Discovery of the Electron -- The Mass and Velocity of a-particles -- Identifying the a Particle | |
-- Targeting the Nucleus -- Nuclear Structure -- The Discovery of the Neutron -- The Nature of the Neutron -- Corpuscles of Light -- X-Ray Optics 1 -- X-Ray Optics 2 -- Electron diffraction 1 -- Electron diffraction 2 -- The Bohr model | |
of the atom -- Atomic spectra -- The periodic table -- The Birth of the Quantum -- Matter Waves -- Quantum Orthodoxy -- Causality and Chance in Quantum Theory -- Indeterminacy -- Bohm's critique of Copenhagen | |
ISBN: | 9783319218281 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Science education , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Science Education , Cosmology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9789400776425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Symmetries in Fundamental Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kurt Sundermeyer |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the laws of nature areinvariant under spacetime tran sformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognitionfor nearly half a century, but can today be unders tood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, asshown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P. Wigner ... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invarianceproperties of these laws would not furnish us new information. Thanks to Wigner we now also under stand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic propertiesof particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N. Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementaryparticle physics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree motivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry. The treatment of symmetries inthis monograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity |
Contents: | Preface |
Notation | |
Introduction | |
Symmetry: Argument, Principle, and Leitmotif | |
Operations and Invariants | |
Symmetries in Fundamental Physics | |
The Scope of Symmetries | |
Bibliographical Notes | |
Classical Mechanics | |
Newtonian and Analytical Mechanics | |
Symmetries and Conservation Laws | |
Galilei Group | |
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity | |
Electrodynamics la Maxwell | |
Special Relativity | |
Noether Theorems | |
Poincar Transformations | |
Generalizations of Poincar Symmetry | |
On the Validity of Special Relativity | |
Quantum Mechanics | |
Principles of Quantum Mechan | |
ISBN: | 9789400776425 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9784431548287:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to Supergravity [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Yoshiaki Tanii |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book is a pedagogical introduction to supergravity, a gravitational field theory that includes supersymmetry (symmetry between bosons and fermions) and is a generalization of Einstein's general relativity. Supergravityprovides a low-energy effec tive theory of superstring theory, which has attracted much attention as a candidate for the unified theory of fundamental particles, and it is a useful tool for studying non-perturbative properties ofsuperstring theory such as D-branes and string duality . This work considers classical supergravities in four and higher spacetime dimensions with their applications to superstring theory in mind. More concretely, it discusses classicalLagrangians (or field equations) and symmetry properties of supergravities . Besides local symmetries, supergravities often have global non-compact symmetries, which play a crucial role in their applications to superstring theory. Oneof the main features of this book is its detailed discussion of these non-compact symmetries. Th e aim of the book is twofold. One is to explain the basic ideas of supergravity to those who are not familiar with it. Toward that end, thediscussions are made both pedagogical and concrete by stating equations explicitly. The other is to collect relevant formulae in one place so as to be useful for applications to string theory. The subjects discussed in this bookinclude the vielbein formulation of gravity, supergravities in four dimensions, possible types of spinors in various dimensions, superalgebras and supermultiplets, non-linear sigma models for non-compact Lie groups, electric-magneticduality symmetries, supergravities in higher dimensions, dimensional reductions, and gauged and massive supergravities |
ISBN: | 9784431548287 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics, 2197-1757 : v1 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Mathematical physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783662441725:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Supersymmetry After the Higgs Discovery [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ignatios Antoniadis Dumitru Ghilencea |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Supersymmetry (SUSY) is a new symmetry that relates bosons and fermions, which has strong support at both the mathematical and the physical level. This book offers a comprehensive review, following the development of SUSY from itsvery early days up t o present. The order of the contributions should provide the reader with the historical development as well as the latest theoretical updates and interpretations, and experimental constraints from particleaccelerators and dark matter searches. It is a gre at pleasure to bring together here contributions from authors who initiated or have contributed significantly to the development of this theory over so many years. To present a balancedpoint of view, the book also includes a closing contribution that atte mpts to describe the physics beyond the Standard Model in the absence of SUSY. The contributions to this book have been previously published in The EuropeanPhysical Journal C - Particles and Fields |
Contents: | P. Ramond, SUSY: the early years (19661976) |
P. Fayet, The Supersymmetric Standard Model | |
I. Melzer | |
Pellmann (CMS), P. Pralavorio (ATLAS), Lessons for SUSY from the LHC after the first run | |
J. Ellis, Supersymmetric fits after the Higgs discovery and implications for model building | |
A. Djouadi, Implications of the Higgs discovery for the MSSM | |
G. G. Ross, SUSY: Quo Vadis? | |
R. Catena, L. Covi, SUSY dark matter(s) | |
H. P. Nilles, The strings connection: MSSM | |
like models from strings | |
B. Bellazzini, C. Cski, J. Serra, Composit | |
ISBN: | 9783662441725 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642375309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Bulk and Surface Electronic Structures |
Author(s): |
Shigemasa Suga Akira Sekiyama |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Photoelectron spectroscopy is now becoming more and more required to investigate electronic structures of various solid materials in the bulk, on surfaces as well as at buried interfaces. The energy resolution was much improved inthe last decade down to 1 meV in the low photon energy region. Now this technique is available from a few eV up to 10 keV by use of lasers, electron cyclotron resonance lamps in addition to synchrotron radiation and X-ray tubes. Highresolution angle resolved photoelectron sp ectroscopy (ARPES) is now widely applied to band mapping of materials. It attracts a wide attention from both fundamental science and material engineering. Studies of the dynamics of excitedstates are feasible by time of flight spectroscopywith fully util izing the pulse structures of synchrotron radiation as well as lasers including the free electron lasers (FEL). Spin resolved studies also made dramatic progress byusing higher efficiency spin detectors and two dimensional spin detectors. Polarization dep endent measurements in the whole photon energy spectrum of the spectra provide useful information on the symmetry of orbitals. The book dealswith the fundamental concepts and approaches for the application of this technique to materials studies. Complemen tary techniques such as inverse photoemission, photoelectron diffraction, photon spectroscopy including infrared andX-ray and scanning tunneling spectroscopy are presented. This book provides not only a wide scope of photoelectron spectroscopy of solids b ut also extends our understanding of electronic structures beyond photoelectron spectroscopy |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
Instrumentation and Methodology | |
Bulk and Surface Sensitivity of Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Examples of Angle Integrated Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Angle | |
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy in HV | |
regions | |
High Resolution Soft X | |
ray Angle | |
Integrated and | |
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Correlated Electron Systems | |
Very Low Photon Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Inverse Photoemission | |
Photoelectron Diffraction | |
Complementary Techniques for Studying Bulk Electronic Structures | |
Surface Spectroscopy by Scanning Tunneling Microscope | |
ISBN: | 9783642375309 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319070735:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Electroweak Symmetry Breaking [electronic resource] : By Dynamically Generated Masses of Quarks and Leptons |
Author(s): |
Mgr.Adam Smetana |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | With this thesis the author contributes to the development of a nonmainstream but long-standing approach to electroweak symmetry breaking based on an analogy with superconductivity. Electroweak symmetry breaking is assumed to becaused by dynamically generated masses of typical fermions, i.e., of quarks and leptons, which in turn assumes a new dynamics between quarks and leptons. Primarily it is designed to generate fermion masses, and electroweak symmetrybreaking is an automatic consequence.. the sum mary of the topic, the first main part of the thesis addresses the question as to whether the masses of known quarks and leptons provide sufficiently strong sources of electroweak symmetrybreaking. It is demonstrated that neutrino masses subject to the se esaw mechanism are indispensable ingredients. The other two parts of the thesis are dedicated to the presentation of two particular models: The first model is based onthe new strong Yukawa dynamics and serves as a platform for studying the ability to repr oduce fermion masses. The second, more realistic model introduces a flavor gauge dynamics and its phenomenological consequences are studied.Although interest in this type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of the Standard -Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in this type of model has waxed and wanedover the years, following the discovery of the Standard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in th is type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of theStandard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance |
Contents: | Dynamical Electroweak Symmetry Breaking |
Top | |
Quark and Neutrino Condensation | |
Model of Strong Yukawa Dynamics | |
Model of Flavor Gauge Dynamics | |
ISBN: | 9783319070735 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematical physics , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319070674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Searches for CP Violation in Charmed Meson Decays [electronic resource] : A Study of D+ K - K+ + at the LHCb Experiment / by Hamish Gordon |
Author(s): |
Hamish Gordon |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Our current understanding of the fundamental building blocks of the Universe, summarised by the Standard Model of particle physics, is incomplete. For example, it fails to explain why we do not see equal, or almost equal, numbersof particles and thei r antiparticle partners. To explain this asymmetry requires, among other effects, a mechanism known as charge-parity (CP) violation that causes differences between the rates at which particles and antiparticlesdecay. CP violation is seen in systems contai ning bottom and strange quarks, but not in those with up, charm or top quarks. This thesis describes searches for particle-antiparticle asymmetries in the decay rates of charmed mesons. Noevidence of CP violation is found. With current sensitivities, an a symmetry large enough to observe probably could not be explained by the Standard Model. Instead an explanation could come from new physics, for example contributionsfrom supersymmetric or other undiscovered heavy particles. In the thesis, the development of new techniques to search for these asymmetries is described. They are applied to data from the LHCb experiment at CERN to make precisemeasurements of asymmetries in the D^+->K^-K^+pi^+ decay channel. This is the most promising charged D decay for CP vi olation searches |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
The LHCb Detector | |
Search for CP Violation in D^+ | |
>K^ | |
K^+pi^ Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2010 | |
Search for CP Violation in D+ ! + Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2011 | |
Conclusions and Outlook | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783319070674 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319065816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Symmetries in Fundamental Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kurt Sundermeyer |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the laws of nature areinvariant under spacetime tran sformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognitionfor nearly half a century, but can today be unders tood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, asshown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P.Wigner ... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invarianceproperties of these laws would not furnish us new information. Thanks to Wigner we now also unders tand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic propertiesof particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N.Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementary particlephysics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree mot ivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry.The treatment of symmetries in thismonograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity |
Contents: | Preface |
Notation | |
Introduction | |
Symmetry: Argument, Principle, and Leitmotif | |
Operations and Invariants | |
Symmetries in Fundamental Physics | |
The Scope of Symmetries | |
Bibliographical Notes | |
Classical Mechanics | |
Newtonian and Analytical Mechanics | |
Symmetries and Conservation Laws | |
Galilei Group | |
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity | |
Electrodynamics la Maxwell | |
Special Relativity | |
Noether Theorems | |
Poincar Transformations | |
Generalizations of Poincar Symmetry | |
On the Validity of Special Relativity | |
Quantum Mechanics | |
Principles of Quantum Mechan | |
ISBN: | 9783319065816 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319061306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Carlo M Becchi Giovanni Ridolfi |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results |
Contents: | Introduction |
Relativistic field theory | |
Scattering theory | |
Feynman | |
Spinor fields | |
Gauge symmetries | |
The standard model | |
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry | |
Breaking of accidental symmetries | |
Summary | |
Applications | |
Neutrino masses and mixing | |
A. Large | |
time evolution of the free field | |
B. Scattering from an external density | |
C. Dirac matrices | |
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory | |
References | |
ISBN: | 9783319061306 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319009636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The BL Phase Transition [electronic resource] : Implications for Cosmology and Neutrinos |
Author(s): |
Kai Schmitz |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Several of the very foundations of the cosmological standard model the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter, and the origin of the hot big bang itself still call for an explanation from the perspective offundamental physics. This workadvoc ates one intriguing possibility for a consistent cosmology that fills in the theoretical gaps while being fully in accordance with the observational data. At very high energies, the universe mighthave been in a false vacuum state that preserved B-L, the d ifference between the baryon number B and the lepton number L as a local symmetry. In this state, the universe experienced a stage of hybrid inflation that only ended when thefalse vacuum became unstable and decayed, in the course of a waterfall transitio n, into a phase with spontaneously broken B-L symmetry. This B-L Phase Transition was accompanied by tachyonic preheating that transferred almost theentire energy of the false vacuum into a gas of B-L Higgs bosons, which in turn decayed into heavy Majoran a neutrinos. Eventually, these neutrinos decayed into massless radiation, thereby producing the entropy of the hot big bang,generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe via the leptogenesis mechanism and setting the stage for the production of dark mat ter. Next to a variety of conceptual novelties and phenomenological predictions, the main achievement ofthe thesis is hence the fascinating notion that the leading role in the first act of our universe might have actually been played by neutrinos |
Contents: | Early Universe Cosmology |
Framework for a Consistent Cosmology | |
Neutrino Phenomenology | |
Supersymmetric Abelian Higgs Model | |
Nonperturbative Dynamics | |
The Reheating Process | |
WIMP Dark Matter from Heavy Gravitino Decays | |
ISBN: | 9783319009636 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319007359:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems [electronic resource] : Experiments on Membranes and Active Emulsions |
Author(s): |
Shashi Thutupalli |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book focuses on the assembly, organization and resultant collective dynamics of soft matter systems maintained away from equilibrium byan energy flux. Living matter is the ultimate example of such systems, which arecomprised of different constit uents on very different scales (ions, nucleic acids, proteins, cells). The result of their diverse interactions, maintained using the energy from physiological processes, is a fantastically well-organizedand dynamic whole. This work describes results from minimal, biomimetic systems and primarily investigates membranes and active emulsions, as well as key aspects of both soft matter and non-equilibrium phenomena. It isshown thatthese minimal reconstitutions are already capable of a range of complex behavi our such as nonlinear electric responses, chemical communication and locomotion. These studies will bring us closer to a fundamental understanding of complexsystems by reconstituting key aspects of their form and function in simple model systems. Further, they may also serve as the first technological steps towards artificial soft functional matter |
Contents: | Membranes |
Microfluidic membrane networks | |
Electrostatic interactions in membrane fusion | |
Phase contrast X | |
ray imaging of lipid membranes | |
Oscillating droplets: Chemical micro | |
oscillators | |
Swimming droplets: Artificial squirmers | |
Interacting droplets: Collective dynamics | |
Conclusions and Outlook | |
Appendices | |
Materials and Methods | |
Hydrodynamic flow fields with axial symmetry | |
ISBN: | 9783319007359 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9784431542704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics [electronic resource] : IX International Workshop |
Author(s): |
Vladimir Dobrev |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Traditionally, Lie Theory is a tool to build mathematical models for physical systems. Recently, the trend is towards geometrisation of the mathematical description of physical systems and objects. A geometric approach to asystem yields in general so me notion of symmetry which is very helpful in understanding its structure. Geometrisation and symmetries are meant in their broadest sense, i.e., classical geometry, differential geometry, groups and quantumgroups, infinite-dimensional (super-)algebras, and their representations. Furthermore, we include the necessary tools from functional analysis and number theory. This is a large interdisciplinary and interrelated field. Samples ofthese new trends are presented in this volume, based on contributions fr om the Workshop Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics held near Varna, Bulgaria, in June 2011. This book is suitable for an extensive audience ofmathematicians, mathematical physicists, theoretical physicists, and researchers in the field of Lie Theo ry |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9784431542704 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v36 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Algebra , Topological Groups , Geometry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642345630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Florian Scheck |
Date: | 2013 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Schecks Quantum Physics presents a comprehensive introductory treatment, ideally suited for a two-semester course. Part One covers the basic principles and prime applications of quantum mechanics, from the uncertaintyrelations to many-body systems. P art Two introduces to relativistic quantum field theory and ranges from symmetries in quantum physics to electroweak interactions. Numerous worked-out examples as well as exercises, with solutions orhints, enables the books use as an accompanying text for courses, and also for independent study. For both parts, the necessary mathematical framework is treated in adequate form and detail. The book ends with appendices coveringmathematical fundamentals and enrichment topics, plus selected biographical notes on pioneers of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The new edition was thoroughly revised and now includes new sections on quantization using thepath integral method and on deriving generalized path integrals for bosonic and fermionic fields |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | From the Uncertainty Relation to Many |
Body Systems | |
Quantum Mechanics of Point Particles | |
Scattering of Particles by Potentials | |
The Principles of Quantum Theory | |
Space | |
Time Symmetries in Quantum Physics | |
Applications of Quantum Mechanics | |
From Symmetries in Quantum Physics to Electroweak Interactions | |
Symmetries and Symmetry Groups in Quantum Physics | |
Quantized Fields and their Interpretation | |
Scattering Matrix and Observables in Scattering and Decays | |
Particles with Spin 1/2 and the Dirac Equation | |
Elements of Quantum Electrodynamics and Weak Interactions | |
ISBN: | 9783642345630 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Title: | Dynamical Stabilization of the Fermi Scale [electronic resource] : Towards a Composite Universe |
Author(s): |
Francesco Sannino |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This lecture-based, concise primer introduces and summarize basic features associated with dynamical breaking of the electroweak symmetry in elementary particle physics. In particular, the phase diagram of strongly-coupledtheories as function of the number of colors, flavors and matter representation, playing a fundamental role when trying to construct viable extensions of the standard model, are examined for SU(N) gauge theories with fermionic mattertransforming according to arbitrary representation s of the underlying gauge group. We will further discuss how the phase diagram can be used to construct unparticle models and then review Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) and otherextensions, such as partially gauged and split technicolor. Eventually, th e unification of the standard model gauge couplings will be revisited within technicolor extensions of the standard model. A number of appendices will helpstudent and newcomers to the field reviewing some basic methods and provide them with useful details |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Technicolor Prelude |
Conformal Dynamics Interlude | |
Minimal Technicolor Models: Toccata and Fugue | |
Composite Dark Matters: Coda | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783642333415 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642317569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photoinduced Modifications of the Nonlinear Optical Response in Liquid Crystalline Azopolymers [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Raquel Alicante |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Nonlinear optical (NLO) phenomena such as frequency conversion have played a key role in the development of photonic technologies. This thesis reports a detailed study of the molecular response of a large variety of push-pullorganic compounds using t he Second Harmonic Generation technique, which will serve as a starting point for the investigation at the macroscopic scale of azobenzene-based liquid crystalline polymeric films and their blends with highlyefficient NLO chromophores. These materials are designed with the aim of exploiting their photo-addressability in order to tailor their nonlinear behaviour. The magnitude and symmetry of theirnonlinear response was successfullycontrolled via light irradiation and thermal treatments. Moreover, as a spe cific application, the recording of efficient NLO gratings was achieved and is described here |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction and Basic Theory |
Experimental Methods | |
Nonlinear OpticalMolecular Response | |
Piperazine Azopolymer Thin Films | |
Films of Doped Low Polar Azopolymers | |
Nonlinear OpticalGratings | |
General Conclusions | |
Appendices | |
ISBN: | 9783642317569 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9781461450856:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Thermodynamics of Crystalline States [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Minoru Fujimoto |
Date: | 2013 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2013 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Thermodynamics is a well-established discipline of physics for properties of matter in thermal equilibrium with the surroundings. Applying to crystals, however, the laws encounter undefined properties of crystal lattice, whichtherefore need to be det ermined for a clear and well-defined description of crystalline states. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States explores the roles played by order variables and dynamic lattices in crystals in a wholly new way. Thebook begins by clarifying basic concepts for stable crystals. Next, binary phase transitions are discussed to study collective motion of order variables, as described mostly as classical phenomena. New to this edition is theexamination of magnetic crystals, where magnetic symmetry is essential for magnetic phase transitions. The multi-electron system is also discussed theoretically, as a quantum-mechanical example, for superconductivity in metalliccrystals. Throughout the book, the role played by the lattice is emphasized and studied in-depth. Ther modynamics of Crystalline States is an introductory treatise and textbook on mesoscopic phenomena in solid states, constituting abasic subject in condensed matter physics. While this book serves as a guide for advanced students in physics and material sci ence, it can also be useful as a reference for all professionals in related fields. Minoru Fujimoto is authorof Physics of Classical Electromagnetism (Springer, 2007) and The Physics of Structural Phase Transitions (Springer, 2005) |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Phonons | |
The Correlation Energy and Crystal Symmetry | |
Mean | |
Field Theories in Binary Ordering | |
Pseudospin Clusters | |
Critical Fluctuations | |
Pseudospin Correlations | |
The Soliton Theory of Long | |
range Order | |
Soft Modes | |
Experimental Studies on Critical Fluctuations | |
Magnetic Crystals | |
Electrons and Phonons in Metals | |
Superconducting Phases | |
Theories of Superconducting Transitions | |
Appendix | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461450856 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Thermodynamics , Crystallography |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9788847015043:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams [electronic resource] : A Course of Theoretical Particle Physics for Beginners |
Author(s): |
Riccardo D'Auria Mario Trigiante |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Milano : Springer Milan |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
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Note: | This books aims at filling a gap between the basics courses of classical and quantum mechanics and advanced courses of (relativistic) quantum mechanics and field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the role of symmetry inmodern theoretical physic s. For this reason this book is particularly suited to those students who are interested in a deeper knowledge of modern developments in elementary particle physics and relativity, even if they choose not tospecialize in this branch of research. This targ et of readers includes, besides experimental and applied physicists, also those engineers who need advanced notions of theoretical high energy physics, in view of future research activityin the field theory approach to condensed matter, in accelerator phy sics and in all those modern technology sectors which require a more advanced and sophisticated theoretical physics background. Courses motivated by these objectivesare present in several polytechnic institutes around the world. The last chapters of this book, in particular, are of particular importance to those engineers who plan to work in high energy physics research centres, like LHC at CERN,or to collaborate to experiments on the revelation of gravitational waves. As far as engineering is concerned, it is important to stress that elementary Special and General Relativity courses are often absent in their curricula |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9788847015043 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | UNITEXT, 2038-5714 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory , Mathematical physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642328589:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Topological Insulators [electronic resource] : Dirac Equation in Condensed Matters |
Author(s): |
Shun-Qing Shen |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
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Note: | Topological insulatorsare insulating in the bulk, but process metallic states around its boundary owing to the topological origin of the band structure. The metallic edge or surface states are immune to weak disorder orimpurities, and robust against the deformation of the system geometry. This book, Topological insulators, presents a unified description of topological insulators from one to three dimensions based on the modified Dirac equation. Aseries of solutions of the bound states near the bounda ry are derived, and the existing conditions of these solutions are described. Topological invariants and their applications to a variety of systems from one-dimensionalpolyacetalene, to two-dimensional quantum spin Hall effect and p-wave superconductors, and three-dimensional topological insulators and superconductors or superfluids are introduced, helping readers to better understand thisfascinating new field. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students working in the field of topological insulators and related areas. Shun-Qing Shen is a Professor at the Department of Physics, the University of HongKong, China |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Starting fromthe Dirac equation | |
Minimal lattice model for topological insulator | |
Topological invariants | |
Topological phases in one dimension | |
Quantum spin Hall effect | |
Three dimensional topological insulators | |
Impurities and defects in topological insulators | |
Topological superconductors and superfluids | |
Majorana fermions in topological insulators | |
Topological Anderson Insulator | |
Summary: Symmetry and Topological Classification | |
ISBN: | 9783642328589 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v174 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Optical materials |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642308055:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | An Introduction to Non-Abelian Discrete Symmetries for Particle Physicists [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Hajime Ishimori Tatsuo Kobayashi Hiroshi Ohki Hiroshi Okada Yusuke Shimizu Morimitsu Tanimoto |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | These lecture notes provide a tutorial review of non-Abelian discrete groups and show some applications to issues in physics where discrete symmetries constitute an important principle for model building in particle physics.While Abelian discrete sym metries are often imposed in order to control couplings for particle physics - in particular model building beyond the standard model - non-Abelian discrete symmetries have been applied to understand thethree-generation flavor structure in particular. Ind eed, non-Abelian discrete symmetries are considered to be the most attractive choice for the flavor sector: model builders have tried to derive experimental values of quark andlepton masses, and mixing angles by assuming non-Abelian discrete flavor symmet ries of quarks and leptons, yet, lepton mixing has already been intensively discussed in this context, as well. The possible origins of the non-Abeliandiscrete symmetry for flavors is another topic of interest, as they can arise from an underlying theory - e.g. the string theory or compactification via orbifolding thereby providing a possible bridge between the underlying theoryand the corresponding low-energy sector of particle physics. This text explicitly introduces and studies the group-theoretical a spects of many concrete groups and shows how to derive conjugacy classes, characters, representations,and tensor products for these groups (with a finite number) when algebraic relations are given, thereby enabling readers to apply this to other groups of interest |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Basics of Finite Groups | |
Subgroups and Decompositions of Multiplets | |
Anomalies | |
Non | |
Abelian Discrete Symmetry in Quark/Lepton Flavor Models | |
Useful Theorems | |
Representations of S4 in Different Bases | |
Representations of A4 in Different Bases | |
Representations of A5 in Different Bases | |
Representations of T1 in Different Bases | |
Other Smaller Groups | |
References | |
ISBN: | 9783642308055 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v858 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Group theory , Mathematical physics , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642303562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Chemistry of Solids [electronic resource] : LCAO Treatment of Crystals and Nanostructures |
Author(s): |
Robert A Evarestov |
Date: | 2012 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Quantum Chemistry of Solids delivers a comprehensive account of the main features and possibilities of LCAO methods for the first principles calculations of electronic structure of periodic systems. The first part describes thebasic theory underlying the LCAO methods applied to periodic systems and the use of Hartree-Fock(HF), Density Function theory(DFT) and hybrid Hamiltonians. The translation and site symmetry consideration is included to establishconnection between k-space solid state physics and real-space quantum chemistry. The inclusion of electron correlation effects for periodic systems is considered on the basis of localized crystalline orbitals. The possibilities ofLCAO methods for chemical bonding analysis in periodic systems are discusse d. The second part deals with the applications of LCAO methods for calculations of bulk crystal properties, including magnetic ordering and crystal structureoptimization. In the second edition two new chapters are added in the application part II of the b ook. Chapter 12 deals with the recent LCAO calculations and illustrates the efficiency of the scalar-relativistic LCAO method forsolids, containing heavy atoms. Chapter 13 deals with the symmetry properties and the recent applications of LCAO method to in organic nanotubes. New material is added to chapter 9 devoted to LCAO calculations of perfect-crystalproperties. The possibilities of LCAO method for calculation of the high-frequency dielectric constants of crystals and the description of phase transitio ns in solids are discussed. The efficiency of LCAO method in thequantum-mechanics-molecular dynamics approach to the interpretation of x-ray absorption and EXAFS spectra is illustrated. A new section is devoted to recent LCAO calculations of electronic, v ibrational and magnetic properties oftungstates MeWO4 (Me: Fe,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,Cd) |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Space Groups and Crystalline Structures |
Symmetry and Localization of Crystalline Orbitals | |
HartreeFock LCAO Method for Periodic Systems | |
Electron Correlations in Molecules and Crystals | |
Semi | |
empirical LCAO Methods for Molecules and Periodic Systems | |
KohnSham LCAO Method for Periodic Systems | |
Basis Sets and Pseudopotentials in Periodic LCAO Calculations | |
LCAO Calculations of Perfect | |
Crystal Properties | |
Modeling and LCAO Calculations of Point Defects in Crystals | |
Surface Modeling in LCAO Calculations of Metal Oxides | |
LCAO Calculations on Uranium Nitrides and Oxides | |
ISBN: | 9783642303562 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v153 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Crystallography |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642298806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Fluctuations in Markov Processes [electronic resource] : Time Symmetry and Martingale Approximation |
Author(s): |
Tomasz Komorowski Claudio Landim Stefano Olla |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Diffusive phenomena in statistical mechanics and in other fields arise from markovian modeling and their study requires sophisticated mathematical tools. In infinite dimensional situations, time symmetry properties can beexploited in order to make ma rtingale approximations, along the lines of the seminal work of Kipnis and Varadhan. The present volume contains the most advanced theories on the martingale approach to central limit theorems. Using thetime symmetry properties of the Markov processes, th e book develops the techniques that allow us to deal with infinite dimensional models that appear in statistical mechanics and engineering (interacting particle systems,homogenization in random environments, and diffusion in turbulent flows, to mention ju st a few applications). The first part contains a detailed exposition of the method, and can be used as a text for graduate courses. The secondconcerns application to exclusion processes, in which the duality methods are fully exploited. The third part is about the homogenization of diffusions in random fields, including passive tracers in turbulent flows (including thesuperdiffusive behavior). There are no other books in the mathematical literature that deal with this kind of approach to the problem of the central limit theorem. Hence, this volume meets the demand for a monograph on this powerfulapproach, now widely used in many areas of probability and mathematical physics. The book also covers the connections with and application to hydrodynamic limit s and homogenization theory, so besides probability researchers it willalso be of interest to mathematical physicists and analysts |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface |
Part I: General Theory | |
1.A Warming | |
up Example | |
2.Central Limit Theorems | |
3.RandomWalks in Random Environment | |
4.Bounds and Variational Principles for the Asymptotic Variance | |
Part II: Simple Exclusion Processes | |
5.The Simple Exclusion Process | |
6.Self Diffusion | |
7.Equilibrium Fluctuations of the Density Field | |
8.Regularity of the Asymptotic Variance | |
Part III: Diffusions in Random Environments | |
10.Variational Principles for the Limiting Variance | |
11.Diffusions with Divergence Free Drifts | |
12.Diffusions with Gaussian Drifts | |
13.Ornstein | |
Uhlenbeck Process w | |
ISBN: | 9783642298806 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften, A Series of Comprehensive Studies in Mathematics, 0072-7830 : v345 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642294051:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Ten Physical Applications of Spectral Zeta Functions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Emilio Elizalde |
Date: | 2012 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Zeta-function regularization is a powerful method in perturbation theory. This book is meant as a guide for the student of this subject. Everything is explained in detail, in particular the mathematical difficulties and trickypoints, and several appl ications are given to show how the procedure works in practice (e.g. Casimir effect, gravity and string theory, high-temperature phase transition, topological symmetry breaking, noncommutative spacetime). Theformulas some of which are new can be used for physically meaningful, accurate numerical calculations. The book is to be considered as a basic introduction and a collection of exercises for those who want to apply this regularizationprocedure in practice. This thoroughly revised, updated and expanded edition includes in particular new explicit formulas on the general quadratic, Chowla-Selberg series case, an interplay with the Hadamard calculus, and features anew chapter on recent cosmological applications including the calculation of the vacuum ener gy fluctuations at large scale in braneworld and other models |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction and Outlook |
Mathematical Formulas Involving the Different Zeta Functions | |
A Treatment of the Non | |
Polynomial Contributions: Application to Calculate Partition Functions of Strings and Membranes | |
Analytical and Numerical Study of Inhomogeneous Epstein and Epstein | |
Hurwitz Zeta Functions | |
Physical Application: the Casimir Effect | |
Five Physical Applications of The Inhomogeneous Generalized Epstein | |
Hurwitz Zeta Functions | |
Miscellaneous Applications Combinig Zeta With Other Regularization Procedures | |
Applications to Gravity, Strings and P | |
Branes | |
Eleventh Application: To | |
ISBN: | 9783642294051 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v855 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematical physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642282522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Raman Imaging [electronic resource] : Techniques and Applications |
Author(s): |
Arnaud Zoubir |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Raman imaging has long been used to probe the chemical nature of a sample, providing information on molecular orientation, symmetry and structure with sub-micron spatial resolution. Recent technical developments have pushed thelimits of micro-Raman m icroscopy, enabling the acquisition of Raman spectra with unprecedented speed, and opening a pathway to fast chemical imaging for many applications from material science and semiconductors to pharmaceutical drugdevelopment and cell biology, and even art a nd forensic science. The promise of tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy (TERS) and near-field techniques is pushing the envelope even further by breaking the limit of diffraction and enablingnano-Raman microscopy |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Instrumentation: |
Theory and instrumentation | |
Imaging modes | |
Micro | |
Raman Applications: | |
Raman imaging in Semiconductor Physics and its application in Microelectronics | |
Raman optimization of the properties of nano | |
phased materials | |
Raman Imaging of meso | |
and nano | |
strutured materials | |
Application of Raman | |
based images in the Earth sciences | |
Uses of Raman Mapping and Imaging in Pharmaceutical Forensics | |
Raman Microscopy: A Versatile Approach to Bio | |
imaging | |
Mapping chemical and structural composition of biological and pharmaceutical samples by Raman and Surface | |
enhanced Raman | |
ISBN: | 9783642282522 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v168 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Microscopy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642253614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource] : The Abel Symposium 2010 |
Author(s): |
Helge Holden Kenneth H Karlsen |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The topic of the 2010 Abel Symposium, hosted at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, was Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations, the study of which is of fundamental importance in mathematics and in almost all ofnatural sciences, eco nomics, and engineering. This area of mathematics is currently in the midst of an unprecedented development worldwide. Differential equations are used to model phenomena of increasing complexity, and in areas thathave traditionally been outside the realm of mathematics. New analytical tools and numerical methods are dramatically improving our understanding of nonlinear models. Nonlinearity gives rise to novel effects reflected in the appearanceof shock waves, turbulence, material defects, etc., and offers challenging mathematical problems. On the other hand, new mathematical developments provide new insight in many applications. These proceedings present a selection of thelatest exciting results by world leading researchers |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | L.Ambrosio: Convergence of Wigner transforms in a semiclassical limit |
A.Bressan: Contractive Metrics for Nonsmooth Evolutions | |
L. Caffarelli: Non local diffusions, drifts and games | |
G | |
Q.Chen and Y.G.Wang: Characteristic Discontinuities and Free Boundary Problems for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws | |
S.Conti, C.De Lellis, L.Szkelyhidi Jr.: h | |
principle and rigidity for C1a isometric embeddings | |
J.Dolbeault, M.J.Esteban: About existence, symmetry and symmetry breaking for extremal functions of some interpolation functional inequalities | |
E.Feireisl, M.E. Schonbek: On the Oberbeck | |
ISBN: | 9783642253614 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Abel Symposia, 2193-2808 : v7 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Mathematical physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642239083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Extreme States of Matter in Strong Interaction Physics [electronic resource] : An Introduction |
Author(s): |
Helmut Satz |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The thermodynamics of strongly interacting matter has become a profound and challenging area of modern physics, both in theory and in experiment. Statistical quantum chromodynamics, through analytical as well as numerical studies,provides the main th eoretical tool, while in experiment, high-energy nuclear collisions are the key for extensive laboratory investigations. The field therefore straddles statistical, particle and nuclear physics, both conceptually andin the methods of investigation used. Th is course-tested primer addresses above all the many young scientists starting their scientific research in this field, providing them with a general, self-contained introduction thatemphasizes in particular the basic concepts and ideas, with the aim of e xplaining why we do what we do. To achieve this goal, the present text concentrates mainly on equilibrium thermodynamics: first, the fundamental ideas of stronginteraction thermodynamics are introduced and then the main concepts and methods used in the st udy of the physics of complex systems are summarized. Subsequently, simplified phenomenological pictures, leading to critical behavior inhadronic matter and to hadron-quark phase transitions are introduced, followed by elements of finite-temperature latti ce QCD leading to the important results obtained in computer simulation studies of the lattice approach. Next, therelation of the resulting critical behavior to symmetry breaking/restoration in QCD is clarified before the text turns to the study of the QC D phase diagram. The presentation of bulk equilibrium thermodynamics is completed by studyingthe properties of the quark-gluon plasma as new state of strongly interacting matter.The final chapters of the book are devoted to more specific topics which aris e when nuclear collisions are considered as a tool for the experimentalstudy of QCD thermodynamics |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | The Analysis of Dense Matter |
The Physics of Complex Systems | |
The Limits of Hadron Physics | |
From Hadrons to Quarks | |
Statistical Quantum Chromodyanamics | |
Broken Symmetries | |
The QCD Phase Diagram | |
The Quark | |
Gluon Plasma | |
The Little Bang | |
Probing the Quark | |
Gluon Plasma | |
The Fireball Paradigm | |
The Event Horizon of Color Confinement | |
Outlook | |
ISBN: | 9783642239083 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v841 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Nuclear physics , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642220647:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Particle Accelerators, Colliders, and the Story of High Energy Physics [electronic resource] : Charming the Cosmic Snake |
Author(s): |
Raghavan Jayakumar |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The Nordic mythological Cosmic Serpent, Ouroboros, is said to be coiled in the depths of the sea, surrounding the Earth with its tail in its mouth. In physics, this snake is a metaphor for the Universe, where the head,symbolizing the largest entity the Cosmos is one with the tail, symbolizing the smallest the fundamental particle. Particle accelerators, colliders and detectors are built by physicists and engineers to uncover the natureof the Universe while discovering its building blocks. Charming the Cosmic Snake takes the readers through the science behind these experimental machines: the physics principles that each stage of the development of particleaccelerators helped to reveal, and the particles they helped to discover. The book culminates with a description of the Large Hadron Collider, one of the worlds largest and most complex machines operating in a 27-km circumferencetunnel near Geneva. That collider may prove or disprove many of our basic theories about the nature of matter. The book provides the material honestly without misrepresenting the science for the sake of excitement or glossing overdifficult notions. The principles behind each type of accelerator is made accessible to the undergraduate student and even to a lay reader with c artoons, illustrations and metaphors. Simultaneously, the book also caters to differentlevels of readers background and provides additional materials for the more interested or diligent reader |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | The Expanding Universe of Particles |
The spark that broke the atom | |
Natures own accelerator | |
Cracking the Nucleus | |
The Spiral Path to Nirvana | |
Then it rained particles | |
Rings of Earth | |
The Synchrotron | |
The Next Generation Supersynchrotrons | |
Linear Accelerators, the straight story | |
The Lotus Posture, Symmetry, Gauge Theories and the Standard Model | |
Collision course | |
Particle Detector Experiments | |
The Snake Charmer | |
The Large Hadron Collider | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9783642220647 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Particle acceleration , Science (General) , Computer engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642219788:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The BCS-BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Wilhelm Zwerger |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
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Note: | Triggered by recent experimental and theoretical progress in elucidating the tunable crossover, in ultracold Fermi gases, from BCS-type superconductors to BEC-type superfluids, this volume is a collaborative effort by most leadinginternational expert s to provide both a pedagogical and up-to-date introduction and comprehensive overview of this newly emerging field. It is now understood that the unitary regime that lies right in the middle of the crossover hasremarkable universal properties, arising fr om scale invariance, and has connections with fields as diverse as nuclear physics and string theory. This volume will serve as reference for active researchers in the field and equallybenefit the many non-specialists and graduate students looking for a s elfcontained, approachable exposition of the subject matter |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface |
The BCS | |
BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas | |
The BEC | |
BCS Crossover: Some History and Some General Observations | |
Crossovers in Unitary Fermi Systems | |
Pairing Fluctuations Approach to the BCS | |
BEC Crossover | |
The Unitary Gas and its Symmetry Properties | |
Universal Relations for Termions With Large Scattering Length | |
Unitary Fermi Gas, E Expansion, and Nonrelativistic Conformal Field Theories | |
Dilute Fermi and Bose Gases | |
The Unitary Fermi Gas: From Monte Carlo to Density Functionals | |
Scaling Flows and Dissipation in the Dilute Fermi Gas at Unitarity | |
Thermodynamic | |
ISBN: | 9783642219788 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v836 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory , Nuclear physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642192548:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Primer for Chiral Perturbation Theory [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Stefan Scherer Matthias R Schindler |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
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Note: | Chiral Perturbation Theory, as effective field theory, is a commonly accepted and well established working tool, approximating quantum chromodynamics at energies well below typical hadron masses. This volume, based on a number oflectures and suppleme nted with additional material, provides a pedagogical introduction for graduate students and newcomers entering the field from related areas of nuclear and particle physics. Starting with the the Lagrangian of thestrong interactions and general symmetry p rinciples, the basic concepts of Chiral Perturbation Theory in the mesonic and baryonic sectors are developed. The application of these concepts is then illustrated with a number of examples. Alarge number of exercises (81, with complete solutions) are in cluded to familiarize the reader with helpful calculational techniques |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Quantum Chromodynamics and Chiral Symmetry |
Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and the Goldstone Theorem | |
Chiral Perturbation Theory for Mesons | |
Chiral Perturbation Theory for Bryons | |
Applications and Outlook | |
Pauli and Dirac Matrices | |
Functionals and Local Functional Derivatives | |
Solutions to Exercises | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9783642192548 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v830 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Law , Economics , Social sciences , Nanotechnology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9789400719170:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Wave Equations in Higher Dimensions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Shi-Hai Dong |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
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Note: | Higher dimensional theories have attracted much attention because they make it possible to reduce much of physics in a concise, elegant fashion that unifies the two great theories of the 20th century: Quantum Theory andRelativity. This book provides an elementary description of quantum wave equations in higher dimensions at an advanced level so as to put all current mathematical and physical concepts and techniques at the readers disposal. Acomprehensive description of quantum wave equations in highe r dimensions and their broad range of applications in quantum mechanics is provided, which complements the traditional coverage found in the existing quantum mechanicstextbooks and gives scientists a fresh outlook on quantum systems in all branches of phy sics. In Parts I and II the basic properties of the SO(n) group are reviewed and basic theories and techniques related to wave equations in higherdimensions are introduced. Parts III and IV cover important quantum systems in the framework of non-relativis tic and relativistic quantum mechanics in terms of the theories presented in Part II. In particular, the Levinson theorem andthe generalized hypervirial theorem in higher dimensions, the Schrdinger equation with position-dependent mass and the Kaluza-Klei n theory in higher dimensions are investigated. In this context, the dependence of the energy levels onthe dimension is shown. Finally, Part V contains conclusions, outlooks and an extensive bibliography |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Part I (Introduction) |
Part II (Theory) | |
2. Special orthogonal groups (Introduction Abstract groupsOrthogonal group SO(n) Tensor representations of the SO(n) \Gamma matrix groups Spinor representations of the SO(n) Concluding remarks) | |
3. Rotational symmetry and Schrdinger equation in N | |
dimensional space (Introduction Rotation operator Orbital angular momentum operators The linear momentum operatorsRadial momentum operator Spherical harmonic polynomials Schrdinger equation for a two | |
body system Concluding remarks) | |
4. Dirac equation in higher dimensions (Introduction | |
ISBN: | 9789400719170 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Functional equations , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9788876423796:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Asymptotics in Dynamics, Geometry and PDEs Generalized Borel Summation vol. I [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
O Costin F Fauvet F Menous D Sauzin |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Pisa : Edizioni della Normale |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | These are the proceedings of a one-week international conference centered on asymptotic analysis and its applications. They contain major contributions dealing with - mathematical physics: PT symmetry, perturbative quantum fieldtheory, WKB analysis, - local dynamics: parabolic systems, small denominator questions, - new aspects in mould calculus, with related combinatorial Hopf algebras and application to multizeta values, - a new family of resurgentfunctions related to knot theory |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | C. M. Bender, D. W. Hook, K. S. Kooner: Complex Elliptic Pendulum |
F. Bracci: Parabolic attitude | |
J. Ecalle, S. Sharma: Power series with sum | |
product Taylor coefficients and their resurgence algebra | |
J. Raissy: Brjuno conditions for linearization in presence of resonance | |
J | |
Y. Thibon: Noncommutative symmetric functions and combinatorial Hopf algebras | |
C. Bogner, S. Weinzierl: Feynman graphs in perturbative quantum field theory | |
A. J. Corcho, F. Linares, C. Matheus: Multilinear estimates for the 2D and 3D Zakharov | |
Rubenchik systems | |
J. Ecalle: The flexion structure and dimorphy: | |
ISBN: | 9788876423796 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Publications of the Scuola Normale Superiore, CRM Series : v12 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9788876423772:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Asymptotics in Dynamics, Geometry and PDEs Generalized Borel Summation vol. II [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ovidiu Costin Frdric Fauvet Frdric Menous David Sauzin |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Pisa : Edizioni della Normale |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | These are the proceedings of a one-week international conference centered on asymptotic analysis and its applications. They contain major contributions dealing with: mathematical physics: PT symmetry, perturbative quantum fieldtheory, WKB analysis, l ocal dynamics: parabolic systems, small denominator questions, new aspects in mould calculus, with related combinatorial Hopf algebras and application to multizeta values,a new family of resurgent functionsrelated to knot theory |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9788876423772 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | CRM Series : v12.2 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9783642199714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Atomistic Properties of Solids [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Dinker B Sirdeshmukh Lalitha Sirdeshmukh K.G Subhadra |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The book deals with atomistic properties of solids which are determined by the crystal structure, interatomic forces and atomic displacements influenced by the effects of temperature, stress and electric fields. The book givesequal importance to expe rimental details and theory. There are full chapters dedicated to the tensor nature of physical properties, mechanical properties, lattice vibrations, crystal structure determination and ferroelectricity. Theother crystalline states like nano-, poly-, liq uid- and quasi crystals are discussed. Several new topics like nonlinear optics and the Rietveld method are presented in the book. The book lays emphasis on the role of symmetry in crystalproperties. Comprehensiveness is the strength of the book this allo ws users at different levels a choice of chapters according to their requirements |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Crystal growth | |
Crystallography | |
Diffraction of radiation by crystals | |
Crystal structure determination | |
Cohesion | |
Tensor nature of crystal properties | |
Mechanical properties | |
Thermal properties | |
Lattice vibrations | |
Dielectric properties | |
Pyro | |
, Piezo | |
and ferroelectricity | |
Optical properties of insulators | |
Defects in crystals: I Point defects | |
Defects in crystals: II Dislocations | |
The other crystalline states (quasi crystals, nano crystals, polycrystals, thin films, liquid crystals) | |
ISBN: | 9783642199714 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v147 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Crystallography , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9783642143823:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | An Introduction to the Confinement Problem [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Jeff Greensite |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book addresses the confinement problem, which quite generally deals with the behavior of non-abelian gauge theories, and the force which is mediated by gauge fields, at large distances.The word confinement in thecontext of hadronic physics origi nally referred to the fact that quarks and gluons appear to be trapped inside mesons and baryons, from which they cannot escape. There are other, and possibly deeper meanings that can be attached to theterm, and these will be explored in this book. Althou gh the confinement problem is far from solved, much is now known about the general features of the confining force, and there are a number of very well motivated theories ofconfinement which are under active investigation. This volume gives a both pedagog ical and concise introduction and overview of the main ideas in this field, their attractive features, and, as appropriate, their shortcomings |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Global Symmetry, Local Symmetry, and the Lattice | |
What is Confinement? | |
Order Parameters for Confinement | |
Properties of the Confining Force | |
Confinement From Center Vortices I | |
Monopoles, Calorons, and Dual Superconductivity | |
Coulomb Confinement | |
Ghosts, Gluons, and Dyson | |
Schwinger Equations | |
Large | |
N, Planar Diagrams, and the Gluon | |
Chain Model | |
The Vacuum Wavefunctional | |
Anti | |
deSitter Space and Confinement | |
Concluding Remarks | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9783642143823 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v821 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematical physics , Nuclear physics , Quantum theory |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9783034801393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Crossroads: History of Science, History of Art [electronic resource] : Essays by David Speiser, vol. II |
Author(s): |
Kim Williams |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Basel : Springer Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This collection of essays on relationships between science, history of science, history of art and philosophy is a multi-faceted sequel to the first volume, Discovering the Principles of Mechanics 1600-1800, publishedin 2008. During his car eer, David Speiser was first and foremost a theoretical physicist with first-hand knowledge of how fundamental research is carried out, but he was also a historian of science and editor of historical writings aswell as a keen observer of works of art and architecture. In these essays he compares and contrasts artistic creations with scientific discoveries, the work of the artist and that ofthe scientist, and process of analysis of the arthistorian to that of the historian of science. What is revealed is h ow the limits of individual disciplines can be pushed and sometimes completely overcome as the result of input from and interactions with other fields, and howprogress may even be impossible without such interactions. The reflections elucidated here refut e the idea, so engrained in our thinking today, of the two cultures, and underline the unity rather than the diversity inherent increative thought both scientific and artistic. Contained here are ten papers, all newly edited with updated references, four of which have been translated into English for the first time, and completed with an index of names. Intendedfor the specialist and non-specialist alike, these essays set before us a feast of ideas. |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Foreword |
Editors Note | |
The Symmetry of the Ornament on a Jewel of the Treasure of Mycenae | |
Arab and Pisan Mathematics in the Piazza dei Miracoli | |
Architecture, Mathematics and Theology in Raphael's Paintings | |
What can the Historian of Science Learn from the Historian of the Fine Arts? | |
The Importance of Concepts for Science | |
Remarks on Space and Time in Newton, Leibniz, Euler and in Modern Physics | |
Gruppentheorie und Quantenmechanik: The Book and its Position in Weyl's Work | |
Clifford A. Truesdell's Contributions to the Euler and the Bernoulli Editions | |
Publishing Complete | |
ISBN: | 9783034801393 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Architecture |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9781441982735:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Geometry of the Fundamental Interactions [electronic resource] : On Riemann's Legacy to High Energy Physics and Cosmology |
Author(s): |
M. D Maia |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Gravitation, electromagnetics and the two types of nuclear forces constitute the four fundamental forces of nature which regulate our everyday life. Amazingly, they are all described by a single idea of the 19th century proposedby Bernhard Riemann, a nd with the exception ofgravitation, these ideas have been since confirmed by high energy experiments and cosmological observations. Geometry of the Fundamental Interactions - On Riemann's Legacy to HighEnergy Physics and Cosmology is a mathematical narra tive of how we have come to agree on such a complex plot of nature, starting with the basic geometrical concepts and ending with hints on the perspective for cosmology. This bookoriginated from lectures given for several years to a mixed audience of mathe maticians, physicists, astronomers, engineers, philosophers and sociologists seeking to understand the basics of those interactions and how the concept ofRiemann curvature came to occupy such a central position in physics. The author takes on the challeng e of making the path toward understanding both accessible and interesting to a wide audience |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | The Fundamental Interactions |
The Physical Manifold | |
Symmetry | |
The Algebra of Observables | |
Geometry of Space | |
Times | |
Scalar Fields | |
Vector, Tensor, and Spinor Fields | |
Noether's Theorem | |
Bundles and Connections | |
Gauge Field Theory | |
Gravitation | |
ISBN: | 9781441982735 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Field theory (Physics) , Geometry , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9781441982674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Symmetry and the Standard Model [electronic resource] : Mathematics and Particle Physics |
Author(s): |
Matthew Robinson |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | While elementary particle physics is an extraordinarily fascinating field, the huge amount of knowledge necessary to perform cutting-edge research poses a formidable challenge for students. The leap from the material contained inthe standard graduate course sequence to the frontiers of M-theory, for example, is tremendous. To make substantial contributions to the field, students must first confront a long reading list of texts on quantum field theory,generalrelativity, gauge theory, particle interact ions, conformal field theory, and string theory. Moreover, waves of new mathematics are required at each stage, spanning a broad set of topics including algebra, geometry, topology,and analysis. Symmetry and the Standard Model: Mathematics and Particle Ph ysics, by Matthew Robinson, is the first volume of a series intended to teach math in a way that is catered to physicists. Following a brief review of classicalphysics at the undergraduate level and a preview of particle physics from an experimentalist's perspective, the text systematically lays the mathematical groundwork for an algebraic understanding of the Standard Model of ParticlePhysics. It then concludes with an overview of the extensions of the previous ideas to physics beyond the Standard Model. The text is geared toward advanced undergraduate students and first-year graduate students |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Review of Classical Physics |
A Preview of Particle Physics | |
Algebraic Foundations | |
First Principles and the Standard Model | |
Beyond the Standard Model of Particle Physics | |
ISBN: | 9781441982674 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Group theory , Topological Groups , Quantum theory |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9781441979490:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Search for Muon Neutrino to Electron Neutrino Oscillations in the MINOS Experiment [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Juan Pedro Ochoa-Ricoux |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | A Search for Muon Neutrino to Electron Neutrino Oscillations in the MINOS Experiment is a tour de force that summarizes, clearly and in some depth, much of Ochoas vast body of work which has had a major impact on MINOS. Thecenterpiece of the thesis i s the search for muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillations, which would indicate a non-zero mixing angle between the first and third neutrino generations (13), currently the holy grail ofneutrino physics. The optimal extraction of the electron neutr ino oscillation signal is based on the novel library event matching (LEM) method which Ochoa developed and implemented together with colleagues at Caltech and atCambridge, which improves MINOS reach for establishing an oscillation signal over any other me thod. LEM will now be the basis for MINOS final results, and will likely keep MINOS at the forefront of this field until it completesits data taking in 2011. Ochoa and his colleagues also developed the successful plan to run MINOS with a beam tuned for an tineutrinos, to make a sensitive test of CPT symmetry by comparing the inter-generational mass splitting forneutrinos and antineutrinos. Ochoas in-depth, creative approach to the solution of a variety of complex experimental problems is an outstanding exa mple for graduate students and longtime practitioners of experimental physics alike.Some of the most exciting results in this field to emerge in the near future may find their foundations in this thesis, for which Ochoa was awarded the National Prize for Youth of Mexico in 2009. This Doctoral Thesis has been acceptedby California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Neutrino Physics | |
The MINOS Experiment | |
Measuring q13 in MINOS | |
A Novel Approach for Selecting ne CC Events | |
Measuring the Backgrounds in the Near Detector | |
Predicting the Far Detector Rates | |
Systematic Errors and q13 Sensitivity | |
Far Detector Data Analysis and ne Appearance Results | |
Pushing the Neutrino Frontier | |
Appendices | |
ISBN: | 9781441979490 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory , Particle acceleration |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9780817647353:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Higher Structures in Geometry and Physics [electronic resource] : In Honor of Murray Gerstenhaber and Jim Stasheff |
Author(s): |
Alberto S Cattaneo Anthony Giaquinto Ping Xu |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Boston : Birkhuser Boston |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book is centered around higher algebraic structures stemming from the work of Murray Gerstenhaber and Jim Stasheff that are now ubiquitous in various areas of mathematics such as algebra, algebraic topology, differentialgeometry, algebraic geome try, mathematical physics and in theoretical physics such as quantum field theory and string theory. These higher algebraic structures provide a common language essential in the study of deformationquantization, theory of algebroids and groupoids, symplec tic field theory, and much more. The ideas of higher homotopies and algebraic deformation have a growing number of theoretical applications and have played a prominent role inrecent mathematical advances. For example, algebraic versions of higher homotopi es have led eventually to the proof of the formality conjecture and the deformation quantization of Poisson manifolds. As observed in deformations anddeformation philosophy, a basic observation is that higher homotopy structures behave much better than st rict structures. Each contribution in this volume expands on the ideas of Gerstenhaber and Stasheff. Higher Structures in Geometryand Physics is intended for post-graduate students, mathematical and theoretical physicists, and mathematicians interested in higher structures. Contributors: L. Breen, A.S. Cattaneo, M. Cahen, V.A. Dolgushev, G. Felder, A. Giaquinto,S. Gutt, J. Huebschmann, T. Kadeishvili, H. Kajiura, B. Keller, Y. Kosmann-Schwarzbach, J.-L. Loday, S.A. Merkulov, D. Sternheimer, D.E. Tamarkin, C. Torossian, B.L. Tsygan, S. Waldmann, R.N. Umble |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Topics in Algebraic deformation theory |
Origins and breadth of the theory of higher homotopies | |
The deformation philosophy, quantization and noncommutative space | |
time structures | |
Differential geometry of Gerbes and differential forms | |
Symplectic connections of Ricci type and star products | |
Effective BatalinVilkovisky theories, equivariant configuration spaces and cyclic chains | |
Noncommutative calculus and the Gauss | |
Manin connection | |
The Lie algebra perturbation lemma | |
Twisting Elements in Homotopy G | |
algebras | |
Homological perturbation theory and homological mirror symmetry | |
ISBN: | 9780817647353 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Progress in Mathematics : v287 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Geometry, algebraic , Group theory , Topological Groups , Mathematical physics |
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