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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/18116.26 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword applied psychology ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9784431553878:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Matrix and Tensor Variate Data Analysis
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (23 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-55387-8
Contents:1 Three-Way Principal Component Analysis with its Applications to Psychology (Kohei Adachi) -- 2 Non-negative matrix factorization and its variants for audio signal processing (Hirokazu Kameoka) -- 3 Generalized Tensor PCA and its Applications to I mage Analysis (Kohei Inoue) -- 4 Matrix Factorization for Image Processing (Noboru Murata) -- 5 Arrays Normal Model and Incomplete Array Variate Observations (Deniz Akdemir) -- 6 One-sided Tests for Matrix Variate Normal Distribution (Manabu Iwasa and Tos hio Sakata)
ISBN:9784431553878
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Statistics , Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319038957:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Systems Engineering, Systems Thinking, and Learning [electronic resource] : A Case Study in Space Industry
Author(s): Hubert Anton Moser
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book focuses on systems engineering, systems thinking, and how that thinking can be learned in practice. It describes a novel analytical framework based on activity theory for understanding how systems thinking evolves andhow it can be improved to support multidisciplinary teamwork in the context of system development and systems engineering. This method, developed using data collected over four years from three different small space systems engineeringorganizations, can be applied in a wide var iety of work activities in the context of engineering design and beyond in order to monitor and analyze multidisciplinary interactions in working teams over time. In addition, the bookpresents a practical strategy called WAVES (Work Activity for a Evoluti on of Systems engineering and thinking), which fosters the practical learning of systems thinking with the aim of improving process development in differentindustries. The book offers an excellent resource for researchers and practitioners interested in s ystems thinking and in solutions to support its evolution. Beyond its contribution to a better understanding of systems engineering,systems thinking and how it can be learned in real-world contexts, it also introduce a suitable analysis framework that hel ps to bridge the gap between the latest social science research and engineering research.
Contents:Part I Introduction of the research project
Part II Analysis and findings of the empirical studies
Part III Results, intervention, and contributions
ISBN:9783319038957
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Engineering design , Astronautics , Business planning , Applied psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642329142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Panel Data Analysis for Economic and Social Surveys [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans-Jrgen Andre
Katrin Golsch
Alexander W Schmidt
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many economic and social surveys are designed as panel studies, which provide important data for describing social changes and testing causal relations between social phenomena. This textbook shows how to manage, describe, andmodel these kinds of dat a. It presents models for continuous and categorical dependent variables, focusing either on the level of these variables at different points in time or on their change over time. It covers fixed and randomeffects models, models for change scores and even t history models. All statistical methods are explained in an application-centered style using research examples from scholarly journals, which can be replicated by the reader throughdata provided on the accompanying website. As all models are compared to each other, it provides valuable assistance with choosing the right modelin applied research. The textbook is directed at master and doctoral students as wellas applied researchers in the social sciences, psychology, business administration and economics . Readers should be familiar with linear regression and have a good understanding of ordinary least squares estimation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: Benefits and challenges of the panel design
Outline of the book
Audience and prerequisites
Acknowledgements
Managing panel data: The nature of panel data
The basics of panel data management
Three case studies on poverty in Germany
How to represent a population with panel data?
Conclusion and further reading
Describing and modeling panel data: Some basic terminology
Measurements over time are not independent
Describing the dependent variable
Explaining the dependent variable over time: typical explanatory variables
Modeling panel data
Est
ISBN:9783642329142
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642314360:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complex Human Dynamics [electronic resource] : From Mind to Societies
Author(s): Andrzej Nowak
Katarzyna Winkowska-Nowak
David Bre
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book, edited and authored by a closely collaborating network of social scientists and psychologists, recasts typical research topics in these fields into the language of nonlinear, dynamic and complex systems. The aim is toprovide scientists wit h different backgrounds - physics, applied mathematics and computer sciences - with the opportunity to apply the tools of their trade to an altogether new range of possible applications. At the same time, thisbook will serve as a first reference for a new generation of social scientists and psychologists wishing to familiarize themselves with the new methodology and the thinking in complexity
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Dynamical Social Psychology: An Introduction
Understanding Cognition Through Functional Connectivity
A Dynamical Systems Approach to Conceptualizing and Investigating the Self
Novelty Recognition Models
The Dynamics of Patterns of Commitment in Sports
Conflict and the Complexity of Cognitive Processes
Social Entrepreneurs Open Closed Worlds: The Transformative Influence of Weak Ties
A Dynamic Approach to Multicultural Integration
Social Change Initiated by Social Entrepreneurs
Interpersonal Fluency: Toward a Model of Coordination and Affect in Social Relat
ISBN:9783642314360
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Social sciences , Engineering , Social sciences Methodology , Consciousness
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461456964:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Bayesian Statistics [electronic resource] : With R and OpenBUGS Examples
Author(s): Mary Kathryn Cowles
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is based on over a dozen years teaching a Bayesian Statistics course. The material presented here has been used by students of different levels and disciplines, including advanced undergraduates studying Mathematics andStatistics and studen ts in graduate programs in Statistics, Biostatistics, Engineering, Economics, Marketing, Pharmacy, and Psychology. The goal of the book is to impart the basics of designing and carrying out Bayesian analyses, andinterpreting and communicating the results. In addition, readers will learn to use the predominant software for Bayesian model-fitting, R and OpenBUGS. The practical approach this book takes will help students of all levels to buildunderstanding of the concepts and procedures required to answer re al questions by performing Bayesian analysis of real data. Topics covered include comparing and contrasting Bayesian and classical methods, specifying hierarchicalmodels, and assessing Markov chain Monte Carlo output. Mary Kathryn(Kate) Cowles taught Suzu ki piano for many years before going to graduate school in Biostatistics. Her research areas are Bayesian and computational statistics,with application to environmental science. She is on the faculty of Statistics at The University of Iowa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is Bayesian statistics?
Review of probability
Introduction to one
parameter models
Inference for a population proportion
Special considerations in Bayesian inference
Other one
parameter models and their conjugate priors
More realism please: Introduction to multiparameter models
Fitting more complex Bayesian models: Markov chain Monte Carlo
Hierarchical models, and more on convergence assessment
Regression and hierarchical regression models
Model Comparison, Model Checking, and Hypothesis Testing
References
Index
ISBN:9781461456964
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X : v98
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817648015:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis [electronic resource] : With Applications to Genetics, Medicine, and Finance
Author(s): Jie Chen
Arjun K Gupta
Date:2012
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Overall, the book gives a clear and systematic presentation of models and methods. It will be an excellent source for theoretical and applied statisticians who are interested in research on change-point analysis and itsapplications to many areas. Mat hematical Reviews (Review of the First Edition) Revised and expanded, Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis, Second Edition is an in-depth study of the change point problem from a generalpoint of view, and a deeper look at change point analysis of the most commonly used statistical models. For some time, change point problems have appeared throughout the sciences in such disciplines as economics, medicine, psychology,signal processing, and geology more recently, they havealso been found extensively in applications related to biomedical imaging data, array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data, and gene expression data. These areas ofinterestnew and oldhave motivated substantial research on change point problems and led to a significant body of literature in the field. The present monograph stands as a valuable contribution to this literature. Key featuresand topics: * Clear and systematic exposition with a great deal of introductory material included * Different models in each chapter, incl uding gamma and exponential models, rarely examined thus far in the literature *Extensive examples to emphasize key concepts and different methodologies used, namely the likelihood ratio criterion as well as the Bayesian and information criterion approach es * An up-to-date comprehensive bibliography and twoindices. New to the Second Edition: * New examples of change point analysis in modern molecular biology and other fields such as finance and air traffic control * Two new sections of applications of the underlying change pointmodels in analyzing the array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data for DNA copy number changes * A new chapter on change points in the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Preliminaries
Introduction
Univariate Normal Model
Multivariate Normal Model
Regression Model
Gamma Model
Exponential Model
Change Point Model for the Hazard Function
Discrete Models
Other Models
Bibliography
Author Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9780817648015
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857299291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Remembering Sofya Kovalevskaya [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michle Audin
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Sofia Kovalevskaya was a brilliant and determined young Russian woman of the 19th century who wanted to become a mathematician and who succeeded, in often difficult circumstances, in becoming arguably the first woman to have aprofessional university career in the way we understand it today. This memoir, written by a mathematician who specialises in symplectic geometry and integrable systems, is a personal exploration of the life, the writings and themathematical achievements of a remarkable woman. It emphasises the originality of Kovalevskayas work and assesses her legacy and reputation as a mathematician and scientist. Her ideas are explained in a way that is accessible to ageneral audience, with diagrams, marginal notes and commentary to help expla in the mathematical concepts and provide context. This fascinating book, which also examines Kovalevskayas love of literature, will be of interest tohistorians looking for a treatment of the mathematics, and those doing feminist or gender studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Sofyas chronology
Sofyas names
Stories
The thesis of Sofya, the CauchyKovalevskaya theorem
The Solid
A letter to Mittag
Leffler
Stockholm
A letter to Vollmar
The Bordin prize and Sofyas reputation
The women of Men of mathematics
I remember Sofya, by George, Gsta, Julia and all the rest
I too remember Sofya
Bibliography
ISBN:9780857299291
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mechanics, applied , Developmental psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780387981383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Models for Test Equating, Scaling, and Linking [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alina A Davier
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The goal of this book is to emphasize the formal statistical features of the practice of equating, linking, and scaling. The book encourages the view and discusses the quality of the equating results from the statisticalperspective (new models, robus tness, fit, testing hypotheses, statistical monitoring) as opposed to placing the focus on the policy and the implications, which although very important, represent a different side of the equatingpractice. The book contributes to establishing equating as a theoretical field, a view that has not been offered often before. The tradition in the practice of equating has been to present the knowledge and skills needed as acraft, which implies that only with years of experience under the guidance of a knowledg eable practitioner could one acquire the required skills. This book challenges this view by indicating how a good equating framework, a soundunderstanding of the assumptions that underlie the psychometric models, and the use of statistical tests and stati stical process control tools can help the practitioner navigate the difficult decisions in choosing the final equatingfunction. This book provides a valuable reference for several groups: (a) statisticians and psychometricians interested in the theory beh ind equating methods, in the use of model-based statistical methods for data smoothing, and in theevaluation of the equating results in applied work (b) practitioners who need to equate tests, including those with these responsibilities in testing compani es, state testing agencies, and school districts and (c) instructors inpsychometric, measurement, and psychology programs. Dr. Alina A. von Davier is a Strategic Advisor and a Director of Special Projects in Research and Development at Educational Testing Service (ETS). During her tenure at ETS, she hasled an ETS Research Initiative called Equating and Applied Psychometrics and has directed the Global Psychometric Services Center. The cent
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Overview
A Statistical Perspective on Equating Test Scores (Alina A. von Davier)
Part I: Research Questions and Data Collection Designs
Equating Test Scores: Toward Best Practices Neil J. Dorans, Tim P. Moses, and Daniel R. Eignor)
Scoring and Scaling Educational Tests Michael J. Kolen, Ye Tong, and Robert L. Brennan)
Statistical Models for Vertical Linking James E. Carlson)
An Empirical Example of Change Analysis by Linking Longitudinal Item Response Data From Multiple Tests (John J. McArdle and Kevin J. Grimm)
How to Average Equating Functions, If You Must (Paul W. Holla
ISBN:9780387981383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Education , Educational tests and measurements , Statistics , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642051012:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ubiquitous Quantum Structure [electronic resource] : From Psychology to Finance
Author(s): Andrei Y Khrennikov
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum-like structure is present practically everywhere. Quantum-like (QL) models, i.e. models based on the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and its generalizations can be successfully applied to cognitive science,psychology, genetics, ec onomics, finances, and game theory. This book is not about quantum mechanics as a physical theory. The short review of quantum postulates is therefore mainly of historical value: quantum mechanics is just thefirst example of the successful application of non-Kolmogorov probabilities, the first step towards a contextual probabilistic description of natural, biological, psychological, social, economical or financial phenomena. A generalcontextual probabilistic model (Vxj model) is presented. It can be used for describing probabilities in both quantum and classical (statistical) mechanics as well as in the above mentioned phenomena. This model can be representedin a quantum-like way, namely, in complex and more general Hilbert spaces. In this way quantum pro bability is totally demystified: Born's representation of quantum probabilities by complex probability amplitudes, wave functions, issimply a special representation of this type
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantum
like Paradigm
Classical (Kolmogorovian) and Quantum (Born) Probability
Contextual Probabilistic Model Vxj Model
Quantum
like Representation Algorithm
QLRA
The Quantum
like Brain
Experimental Tests of Quantum
like Behavior of the Mind
Quantum
like Decision Making and Disjunction Effect
Macroscopic Games and Quantum Logic
Contextual Approach to Quantum
like Macroscopic Games
Psycho
financial Model
The Problem of Smoothness of Bohmian Trajectories
ISBN:9783642051012
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Distribution (Probability theory) , Quantum theory , Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441907424:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bayesian Item Response Modeling [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Jean-Paul Fox
Date:2010
Edition:First
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents a thorough treatment and unified coverage of Bayesian item response modeling with applications in a variety of disciplines, including education, medicine, psychology, and sociology. Breakthroughs in computingtechnology have made th e Bayesian approach particularly useful for many response modeling problems. Free from computational constraints, realistic and state-of-the-art latent variable response models are considered for complexassessment and survey data to solve real-world probl ems. The Bayesian framework described provides a unified approach for modeling and inference, dealing with (nondata) prior information and information across multiple data sources.The book discusses methods for analyzing item response data and the complex relationships commonly associated with human response behavior and features Self-contained introduction to Bayesian item response modeling and a coverageof extending standard models to handle complex assessment data A thorough overview of Bayesian esti mation and testing methods for item response models, where MCMC methods are emphasized Numerous examples that cover a wide rangeof application areas, including education, medicine, psychology, and sociology Datasets and software (S+, R, and WinBUGS code ) of the models and methods presented in the book are available on www.jean-paulfox.com Bayesian ItemResponse Modeling is an excellent book for research professionals, including applied statisticians, psychometricians, and social scientists who analyze it em response data from a Bayesian perspective. It is a guide to the growing areaof Bayesian response modeling for researchers and graduate students, and will also serve them as a good reference. Jean-Paul Fox is Associate Professor of Measurement and Data Analysis, University of Twente, The Netherlands. His mainresearch activities are in several areas of Bayesian response modeling. Dr. Fox has published numerous articles in the areas of Bayes
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Bayesian response modeling
Bayesian hierarchical response modeling
Basic elements of Bayesian statistics
Estimation of Bayesian item response models
Assessment of Bayesian item response models
Multilevel item response theory models
Random item effects models
Response time item response models
Randomized item response models
ISBN:9781441907424
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Epidemiology , Educational tests and measurements , Marketing , Social sciences Methodology , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387981857:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Data Analysis with R and MATLAB [electronic resource]
Author(s): James Ramsay
Giles Hooker
Spencer Graves
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Scientists often collect samples of curves and other functional observations, and develop models where parameters are also functions. This volume in the UseR! Series is aimed at a wide range of readers, and especially those whowould like apply these techniques to their research problems. It complements Functional Data Analysis, Second Edition and Applied Functional Data Analysis: Methods and Case Studies by providing computer code in both the R and Matlablanguages for a set of data analyses that show case functional data analysis techniques. The authors make it easy to get up and running in new applications by adapting the code for the examples, and by being able to access the detailsof key functions within these pages. This book is accompanied by add itional web-based support at http://www.functionaldata.org for applying existing functions and developing new ones in either language. The companion 'fda' package forR includes script files to reproduce nearly all the examples in the book including all bu t one of the 76 figures. Jim Ramsay is Professor Emeritus at McGill University and is an international authority on many aspects of multivariateanalysis. He was President of the Statistical Society of Canada in 2002-3 and holds the Societys Gold Medal for his work in functional data analysis. His statistical work draws on his collaboration with researchers in biomechanics,chemical engineering, climatology, ecology, economics, human biology, medicine and psychology. Giles Hooker is Assistant Professor of B iological Statistics and Computational Biology at Cornell University. His research interests includestatistical inference in nonlinear dynamics, machine learning and computational statistics. Spencer Graves is an engineer with a PhD in Statistics and over 15 years experience using S-Plus and R to analyze data in a broad range ofapplications. He has made substantive contributions to several CRAN packages including fda and DierckxSpline.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to functional data analysis
Essential comparisons of the Matlab and R languages
How to specify basis systems for building functions
How to build functional data objects
Smoothing: Computing curves from noisy data
Descriptions of functional data
Exploring variation: Functional principal and canonical components analysis
Registration: Aligning features for samples of curves
Functional linear models for scalar responses
Linear models for functional responses
Functional models and dynamics
ISBN:9780387981857
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Marketing , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387096124:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bayesian Evaluation of Informative Hypotheses [electronic resource]
Author(s): Herbert Hoijtink
Irene Klugkist
Paul A Boelen
Date:2008
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents an alternative for traditional null hypothesis testing. It builds on the idea that researchers usually have more informative research-questions than the nothing is going on null hypothesis, or thesomething is going on alternative h ypothesis. To be more precise, researchers often express their expectations in terms of expected orderings in parameters, for instance, in group means. This book introduces a novel approach,wherein theories or expectations of empirical researchers are tra nslated into one or more so-called informative hypotheses, i.e., hypotheses imposing inequality constraints on (some of) the model parameters. As a consequence,informative hypotheses are much closer to the actual questions researchers have and therefore m ake optimal use of the data to provide more informative answers to these questions. A Bayesian approach is used for the evaluation ofinformative hypotheses and is introduced at a non-technical level in the context of analysis of variance models. Technical aspects of Bayesian evaluation of informative hypotheses are also considered and different approaches arepresented by an international group of Bayesian statisticians. Furthermore, applications in a variety of statistical models including among others la tent class analysis and multi-level modeling are presented, again at a non-technicallevel. Finally, the proposed method is evaluated from a psychological, statistical and philosophical point of view. This book contains numerous illustrations, all in the c ontext of psychology. The proposed methodology, however, isequally relevant for research in other social sciences (e.g., sociology or educational sciences), as well as in other disciplines (e.g., medical or economical research). The editors are all affili ated at the faculty of Social Sciencesat Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Herbert Hoijtink is a professor in applied Bayesian statistics at the Department of Methodology and Statistics. Irene
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A philosophical foundation of null, alternative and informative hypotheses, Jan
Willem Romeijn and Rens van de Schoot
Famous psychological data sets and hypotheses, Paul Boelen and Herbert Hoijtink
Sampling the posterior distributions of inequality constrained models, Irene Klugkist and Joris Mulder
Encompassing priors, Irene Klugkist
Intrinsic bayes factors, Jim Berger
Bayes factors without priors, Valen Johnson
Applications of bayes factors based on differenct prior distributions to classical psychological data sets, Paul Boelen, Floryt van Wesel and Herbert Hoijtink
The
ISBN:9780387096124
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783764375553:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetry [electronic resource] : Cultural-historical and ontological aspects of science-arts relations The natural and man-made world in an interdisciplinary approach
Author(s): Gyrgy Darvas
Date:2007
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:All of us have a certain conception of what symmetry means, at least as far as its main forms are concerned (like mirror-reflection or rotation, but only rarely translation). What are the common features of these transformations?How can one generalis e them to explain similar phenomena that appear in different arts and sciences? What other forms of symmetry can we include in the scope of our study by the application of these generalised rules? How can a commonphenomenon lend possible solutions from on e discipline to another? Did you know that symmetry is a universal concept that has appeared in all cultures since prehistoric times, accompanying us through the history of mankind? Whatimportant role have asymmetries like the one-handedness of the neutri no played in the formation of matter, from the assumed Big Bang through to the asymmetries of the human brain? This book tries to explain these and a number ofrelated questions. This is the first comprehensive book on the topic since the publication of H. Weyls popular book on symmetry more than fifty years ago. It is relevant to almost all fields of science where symmetry appears as aphenomenon or is applied as a method, and where the concept is present in contemporary sciences, humanities and arts. Symm etry used to be a fundamental phenomenon in crystallography, where its basic concept was elaborated, inmorphological biology, and of course in mathematics, which provided its exact description. In the last half century symmetry (and symmetry breaking) has become a leading principle in physics, in all sciences that deal with thestructure of matter, as well as in the biochemistry of proteins, the study of the genetic code, brain research (where functional asymmetries have been revealed), psychology, and in developing architectural structures and in businessdecision-making, to name but a few examples. This book seeks to find common regularities among these apparently disparate phenomena. It covers most
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Symmetry, Invariance, Harmony
Ancient arts
Geometry
Fibonacci
Crystallography
Molecules
Music
Human body
Perspectives
Theoretical Physics
Astronomy
Nature
Architecture
Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9783764375553
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Architecture , Arts
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387692456:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Problems from Applied Logic II [electronic resource] : Logics for the XXIst Century
Author(s): Dov M Gabbay
Michael Zakharyaschev
Sergei S Goncharov
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Mathematical Problems from Applied Logic II presents chapters from selected, world renowned, logicians. Important topics of logic are discussed from the point of view of their further development in light of requirements arisingfrom their successful application in areas such as Computer Science and AI language. Fields covered include: logic of provability, applications of computability theory to biology, psychology, physics, chemistry, economics, and otherbasic sciences computability theory and compu table models logic and space-time geometry hybrid systems logic and region-based theory of space. Contributors include: Sergei Artemov, USA John Case, USA Sergei Goncharov, Russia,Judit X. Madarsz, Istvn Nmeti, and Gergely, Szkely, Hungary, Anil Nerode, U SA and Dimiter Vakarelov, Bulgaria
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:On Two Models of Provability: Provability Logic, Logic of Proofs
Directions for Computability Theory Beyond Pure Mathematical: Motivations, Directions, Progress So Far And How One Might Go From Here
Computability and Computable Models: Preliminaries, Bounds for Computable Models, Structure Complexity of Computable Models, Isomorphism Problem, Classes of Computable Models and Index Sets
First
order Logic Foundation of Relativity Theories: Introduction (Logic and Spacetime Geometry), More Concrete Introduction (Foundation of Spacetime), Intriguing Features of GR Spacetimes (Challenges f
ISBN:9780387692456
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Mathematical Series, 1571-5485 : v5
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387498393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multivariate and Mixture Distribution Rasch Models [electronic resource] : Extensions and Applications
Author(s): Matthias Davier
Claus H Carstensen
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume covers extensions of the Rasch model, one of the most researched and applied models in educational research and social science. This collection contains 22 chapters by some of the most recognized international expertsin the field. They co ver topics ranging from general model extensions to applications in fields as diverse as cognition, personality, organizational and sports psychology, and health sciences and education. The Rasch model is designedfor categorical data, often collected as e xaminees' responses to multiple tasks such as cognitive items from psychological tests or from educational assessments. The Rasch model's elegant mathematical form is suitable for extensionsthat allow for greater flexibility in handling complex samples of examinees and collections of tasks from different domains. In these extensions, the Rasch model is enhanced by additional structural elements that either account fordifferences between diverse populations or for differences among observed variables. Rese arch on extending well-known statistical tools like regression, mixture distribution, and hierarchical linear models has led to the adoption ofRasch model features to handle categorical observed variables. We maintain both perspectives in the volume and s how how these merged modelsRasch models with a more complex item or population structureare derived either from theRasch model or from a structural model, how they are estimated, and where they are applied. Matthias von Davier is a Senior Research Scienti st in the Research & Development Division at Educational Testing Service. He is the author ofWINMIRA, a software package for estimating latent class models, mixture distribution Rasch models, and hybrid Rasch models. The software grew out of his work with colleagues at the Methodology Department of the Institute for ScienceEducation (IPN) in Kiel, Germany. Von Davier's current research is concerned with extensions of Rasch models and more general
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: extending the Rasch model or abandoning the Rasch model, Matthias von Davier, Jrgen Rost, Claus H. Carstensen
Measurement models as narrative structures, Robert Mislevy, Chun
Wei Huang
Testing generalized RM's, Cees A.W. Glas
The mixed
coefficients multinomal logit model
a generalized form of the Rasch model, Raymond J. Adams, Margaret L. Wu
Loglinear multivariate mixture Rasch models, Henk Kelderman
Mixture distribution and hybrid Rasch models, Matthias von Davier, Kentaro Yamamoto
Application of the Saltus model to stage
like data: some appliations and curr
ISBN:9780387498393
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Quality of Life , Quality of Life Research , Psychological tests and testing , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540358725:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unifying Themes in Complex Systems [electronic resource] : Overview Volume IIIA Proceedings from the Third International Conference on Complex Systems
Author(s): Ali A Minai
Yaneer Bar-Yam
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years, scientists have applied the principles of complex systems science to increasingly diverse fields. The results have been nothing short of remarkable: their novel approaches have provided answers to long-standingquestions in biology, e cology, physics, engineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology. The Third International Conference on Complex Systems attracted over 400 researchers from around the world. The conferenceaimed to encourage cross-fertilization between t he many disciplines represented and to deepen our understanding of the properties common to all complex systems. This volume contains selected transcripts from presentations given at theconference. Speakers include: Chris Adami, Kenneth Arrow, Michel Bara nger, Dan Braha, Timothy Buchman, Michael Caramanis, Kathleen Carley, Greg Chaitin, David Clark, Jack Cohen, Jim Collins, George Cowan, Clay Easterly, StevenEppinger, Irving Epstein, Dan Frey, Ary Goldberger, Helen Harte, Leroy Hood, Don Ingber, Atlee Jac kson, Stuart Kauffman, Jay Lemke, Simon Levin, Edward Lorenz, Ronnie Mainieri, David Meyer, Daniel Miller, Alan Perelson, Stuart Pimm,Stephen Small, Temple Smith, Eugene Stanley, Jeff Stock, Nam Suh, Duncan Watts and George Whitesides. ALI MINAI is an Aff iliate of the New England Complex Systems Institute and an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical andComputer Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Cincinnati. YANEER BAR-YAM is the founding president of the New England Comple x Systems Institute. He is the author of Dynamics of Complex Systems and Making Things Work:Solving Complex Problems in a Complex World. About NECSI: For over 10 y ears, The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental in the develo pment of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conductsresearch, education, knowledge dissemination, and community development around the world for the promotion of the study of complex sy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Transcripts
Pedagogical Sessions
Reception Session
Emergence
Description and Modeling
Self
Organization
Complex Engineered Systems
Banquet Session
Pedagogical Sessions
Medical Complexity
ISBN:9783540358725
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540358664:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unifying Themes in Complex Systems [electronic resource] : New Research Volume IIIB Proceedings from the Third International Conference on Complex Systems
Author(s): Ali A Minai
Yaneer Bar-Yam
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years, scientists have applied the principles of complex systems science to increasingly diverse fields. The results have been nothing short of remarkable: their novel approaches have provided answers to long-standingquestions in biology, e cology, physics, engineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology. The Third International Conference on Complex Systems attracted over 400 researchers from around the world. The conferenceaimed to encourage cross-fertilization between t he many disciplines represented and to deepen our understanding of the properties common to all complex systems. This volume contains over 35 papers selected from those presented at theconference on topics including: self-organization in biology, ecologic al systems, language, economic modeling, ecological systems, artificial life, robotics, and complexity and art. ALI MINAI is an Affiliate of the New England ComplexSystems Institute and an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer E ngineering and Computer Science at the University of Cincinnati. YANEER BAR-YAM is the founding president of the New England Complex SystemsInstitute. He is the author of Dynamics of Complex Systems and Making Things Work: Solving Complex Problems in a Co mplex World. About NECSI: For over 10 y ears, The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental inthe development of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conducts research, education, knowledge dissemination, and commu nity development around the world for the promotion of the study of complex systems and itsapplication for the betterment of society. NECSI hosts the International Conference on Complex Systems and publishes the NECSI Book Series in conjunction with Sprin ger Publishers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Complex Behavior of Simple Systems
Thresholds, Bifurcations and Mental Control: An Application of Nonlinear Dynamics to Psychotherapy
Study of Pattern Formation by Peafowl using LEM Multi
Agent Simulator
The Contribution Of Complexity Theory To The Study Of Socio
Technical Cooperative Systems
Complexity Theory of Art: Recent Investigations
Complexity, Emergence and Pathophysiology: Using Non
Adaptive Inflammatory Response
Self
Organization of Population Structure in Biological Systems
Spatial Periodicity in Mycelial Fungi Growth with Respect to Their Life Strategies
In
ISBN:9783540358664
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387283142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Longitudinal Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert E Weiss
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Longitudinal data are ubiquitous across Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education, yet many longitudinal data sets remain improperly analyzed. This book teaches the artand statistical scie nce of modern longitudinal data analysis. The author emphasizes specifying, understanding, and interpreting longitudinal data models. He inspects the longitudinal data graphically, analyzes the time trend andcovariates, models the covariance matrix, and t hen draws conclusions. Covariance models covered include random effects, autoregressive, autoregressive moving average, antedependence, factor analytic, and completely unstructured modelsamong others. Longer expositions explore: an introduction to and cri tique of simple non-longitudinal analyses of longitudinal data, missing data concepts, diagnostics, and simultaneous modeling of two longitudinal variables.Applications and issues for random effects models cover estimation, shrinkage, clustered data, mode ls for binary and count data and residuals and residual plots. Shorter sections include a general discussion of how computationalalgorithms work, handling transformed data, and basic design issues. This book requires a solid regression course as backgroun d and is particularly intended for the final year of a Biostatistics or Statistics Masters degree curriculum.The mathematical prerequisite is generally low, mainly assuming familiarity with regression analysis in matrix form. Doctoral students in Biostati stics or Statistics, applied researchers and quantitative doctoral students indisciplines such as Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education will find this book invaluable. The book has many fig ures and tables illustrating longitudinal data andnumerous homework problems. The associated web site contains many longitudinal data sets, examples of computer code, and labs to re-enforce the material
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:to Longitudinal Data
Plots
Simple Analyses
Critiques of Simple Analyses
The Multivariate Normal Linear Model
Tools and Concepts
Specifying Covariates
Modeling the Covariance Matrix
Random Effects Models
Residuals and Case Diagnostics
Discrete Longitudinal Data
Missing Data
Analyzing Two Longitudinal Variables
Further Reading
ISBN:9780387283142
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387233949:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Advances in Applied Probability [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ricardo Baeza-Yates
Joseph Glaz
Henryk Gzyl
Jrgen Hsler
Jos Luis Palacios
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Applied probability is a broad research area that is of interest to scientists in diverse disciplines in science and technology, including: anthropology, biology, communication theory, economics, epidemiology, finance, geography,linguistics, medicine , meteorology, operations research, psychology, quality control, sociology, and statistics. Recent Advances in Applied Probability is a collection of survey articles that bring together the work of leadingresearchers in applied probability to present curr ent research advances in this important area. This volume will be of interest to graduate students and researchers whose research is closely connected to probability modelling and theirapplications. It is suitable for one semester graduate level research seminar in applied probability
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Modeling Text Databases
An Overview of Probabilistic and Time Series Models in Finance
Stereological Estimation of the Rose of Directions from the Rose of Intersections
Approximations for Multiple Scan Statistics
Krawtchouk Polynomials and Krawtchouk Matrices
An Elementary Rigorous Introduction to Exact Sampling
On the Different Extensions of the Ergodic Theorem of Information Theory
Dynamic Stochastic Models for Indexes and Thesauri, Identification Clouds, and Information Retrieval and Storage
Stability and Optimal Control for Semi
Markov Jump Parameter Linear Systems
ISBN:9780387233949
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Operations research , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387227511:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Data Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): J. O Ramsay
B. W Silverman
Date:2005
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Scientists and others today often collect samples of curves and other functional observations. This monograph presents many ideas and techniques for such data. Included are expressions in the functional domain of such classics aslinear regression, pr incipal components analysis, linear modeling, and canonical correlation analysis, as well as specifically functional techniques such as curve registration and principal differential analysis. Data arising in realapplications are used throughout for both m otivation and illustration, showing how functional approaches allow us to see new things, especially by exploiting the smoothness of the processes generating the data. The data sets exemplifythe wide scope of functional data analysis they are drawn from g rowth analysis, meteorology, biomechanics, equine science, economics, and medicine. The book presents novel statistical technology, much of it based on the authors ownresearch work, while keeping the mathematical level widely accessible. It is designed to appeal to students, to applied data analysts, and to experienced researchers it will have value both within statistics and across a broadspectrum of other fields. This second edition is aimed at a wider range of readers, and especially those who would li ke to apply these techniques to their research problems. It complements the authors' other recent volume AppliedFunctional Data Analysis: Methods and Case Studies. In particular, there is an extended coverage of data smoothing and other matters arising in the preliminaries to a functional data analysis. The chapters on the functional linearmodel and modeling of the dynamics of systems through the use of differential equations and principal differential analysis have been completely rewritten and extended to include new developments. Other chapters have been revisedsubstantially, often to give more weight to examples and practical considerations. Jim Ramsay is Professor of Psychology at McGill Unive
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Tools for Exploring Functional Data
From Functional Data to Smooth Functions
Smoothing Functional Data by Least Squares
Smoothing Functional Data with a Roughness Penalty
Constrained Functions
The Registration and Display of Functional Data
Principal Components Analysis for Functional Data
Regularized Principal Components Analysis
Principal Components Analysis of Mixed Data
Canonical Correlation and Discriminant Analysis
Functional Linear Models
Modelling Functional Responses with Multivariate Covariats
Functional Responses, Func
ISBN:9780387227511
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783662105832:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Traffic and Granular Flow’01
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (63 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-10583-2
Contents:Traffic Models: Theory -- Euler and Lagrange Representation of Traffic Models -- Three-Phase Traffic Theory -- Spacing-Oriented Analytical Approach to a Middle Traffic Flow CA Model Between FI-Type and NS-Type -- Continuum Traffic
Equations from Microscopic Car-Following Models -- Metastable Flows in an Extended Burgers Cellular Automaton Traffic Model -- Existence and Classification of Travelling Wave Solutions to Second Order Highway Traffic Models -- Improved
Optimal Velocity Model for Traffic -- Microscopic Modeling of Synchronized Traffic -- Limit Sets and the Rate of Convergence for One-Dimensional Cellular Automata Traffic Models -- Localized Defects in a Cellular Automaton Model for
Traffic Flow with Phase Separation -- Asymmetric Optimal Velocity Model -- Chaos and Multifractality in a Time-Delay Car-Following Traffic Model -- Traffic Models: Application -- Optimal Velocity Model and its Applications -- Breakdown
and Recovery in Traffic Flow Models -- Kinetic Theory of Traffic Flows -- The Generalized Fundamental Diagram of Traffic and Possible Applications -- Stochastic Resonance Towards Traffic Models -- An Interpretation of a Traffic
Engineer on Vehicular Traffic Flow -- Congestion Induced by Bottlenecks in Two-Lane Optimal Velocity Traffic Flow Model -- Widely Extended Optimal Velocity Model of Traffic Flow their Linear Stability -- Stability of Multi-Lane Traffic
Flow -- 8-Figured Hysteresis Loop of OV Model -- Empirical Traffic Data -- Observational Aspects of Japanese Highway Traffic -- Long-Term Traffic Data from Japanese Expressway -- The Local Occupation Probability Method for Evaluating
Traffic Flows -- Telematics and Drivers’ Behaviour -- Cooperative Driving: Taking Telematics to the Next Level -- Modeling of Vehicular Behavior from Road Traffic Engineering Perspectives -- ITS and the Revolution of Automobiles --
Modelling the Impact of ACC-Systems on the Traffic Flow at Macroscopic Modelling Level -- A Cellular Automaton Model for Dynamic Route Choice Behavior in Urban Roads -- Experimental Investigation of Day-to-Day Route Choice Behaviour --
Optimal Traffic States in a Cellular Automaton Model for City Traffic -- Traffic Flow Analysis Based on Multiagent -- Traffic Forecast Using a Combination of On-Line Simulation Traffic Data -- On-Ramp Control -- The Influence of
Tollbooths on Highway Traffic -- Networks / Internet -- Packet Transport and Load Distribution in Scale-Free Networks -- Phase Transition of Three-Directional Traffic-Flow in 2D Network -- Analysis of Minimal Model of Internet Traffic
-- Microscopic Modeling of Packet Transport in the Internet -- Granular -- Avalanches and Flow Dynamics of a Collapsing Granular Pile -- Note on a Micropolar Gas-Kinetic Theory -- Dynamics and Structure of Granular Flow Through a
Vertical Pipe -- Asymmetric Random Average Process: Aggregation and Fragmentation on Continuous State Space -- Shape Segregation for Bidisperse Mixtures of Ellipses in Two Dimensions -- Bifurcations of a Driven Granular System under
Gravity -- Simulation of the Impact of an Elastic Disk -- Granular Flow in Vertical Pipes: Transition from Dilute to Dense -- Spatial Structure of 1/f Noise in Granular Flow Through a Pipe -- Collisional Granular Flow on a Rough Slope
and its Instability -- The Nature of Occurrence of Queued Flow at Capacity Bottleneck of Ordinary Section -- Pedestrian Dynamics -- Bionics-Inspired Cellular Automaton Model for Pedestrian Dynamics -- Critical Discussion of
“Synchronized Flow”, Simulation of Pedestrian Evacuation, and Optimization of Production Processes -- Cellular Automaton Simulations of Pedestrian Dynamics and Evacuation Processes -- Modeling Pedestrians and Granular Flow in
2-Dimensional Optimal Velocity Models -- Evacuation Analysis of Ship by Multi-Agent Simulation Using Model of Group Psychology -- Comparison of an Evacuation Exercise in a Primary School to Simulation Results -- Simulations of
Evacuation Using Small World Network -- Biology -- Oscillation Patterns in Cytoplasmic Networks of the Physarum Plasmodium -- Jamming Bacterial Traffic: Bioconvection -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Lubricating Films
ISBN:9783662105832
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Transportation , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Transportation , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783642557538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics — Key Technology for the Future Joint Projects between Universities and Industry
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (732 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55753-8
Contents:I. Motors, Vehicles -- Synthesis of Automotive Cams Using Multiple Shooting-SQP Methods for Constrained Optimization -- Numerical Optimization of Scavenging in Two-Stroke Engines with Transfer Ducts, an Exhaust Port and a Moving
Piston -- A Numerical Tool for Flow Simulation in a Wankel Motor -- An Efficient Navier-Stokes Solver for Automotive Aerodynamics -- Numerical Simulation of Exhaust Systems in Car Industry — Efficient Calculation of Radiation Heat
Transfer -- Combinatorial Optimization Techniques for Three-Dimensional Arrangement Problems -- Simulation of Test-drives of Automobiles at Driving Limit -- An Optimal Control Approach To Real-Time Vehicle Guidance -- Theoretical and
Experimental Studies of an S-Catamaran -- II. Environmental Technology -- Robust Error Estimators for Interface Problems Occuring in Transport Processes in Porous Media -- Modelling and Simulation of a Planned Bio-Chemical in situ
Remediation -- Influence of Surfactants on Spreading of Contaminants and Soil Remediation -- Improvement of Environment Observing Remote Sensing Devices by Regularization Techniques -- III. Flow, Transport and Reactions in
Technological Processes -- Stability Analysis for Reactors from Chemical Industry -- Heterogeneous Dynamic Process Flowsheet Simulation of Chemical Plants -- Numerical Simulation of Annular Chromatography -- Numerical Methods for
Parameter Estimation in Bingham-Fluids -- A Viscoelastic Turbulence Model Based on Renormalization Group Theory -- Modelling and Simulation of Capacitor Impulse Welding -- Analysis of Transport Processes for Layered Porous Materials
Used in Industrial Applications -- Modelling and Numerical Simulation of District Heating Networks with Time-Saving Solution Methods -- Sensitivity and Robustness Analysis for Construction and Monitoring of Tubine-Generator Shafts --
IV. Optics and Sensors -- Adaptive Multigrid Methods for the Vectorial Maxwell Eigenvalue Problem for Optical Waveguide Design -- Direct and Inverse Problems for Diffractive Structures — Optimization of Binary Gratings -- Computation
of Electromagnetic Fields for a Humidity Sensor -- V. Crystal Growth, Semiconductors -- Simulation of Industrial Crystal Growth by the Vertical Bridgman Method -- Numerical Simulation and Control of Industrial Crystal Growth Processes
-- Optimal Control of Sublimation Growth of SiC Crystals -- Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Simulation of Semiconductor Detectors -- Optimal Design of High Power Electronic Devices by Topology Optimization -- Modelling and
Simulation of Strained Quantum Wells in Semiconductor Lasers -- VI. Electronic Circuits -- Efficient Analysis of Oscillatory Circuits -- Modelling and Simulation of Power Devices for High-Voltage Integrated Circuits -- Finding
Beneficial DAE Structures in Circuit Simulation -- CHORAL — a Charge-Oriented Algorithm for the Numerical Integration of Electrical Circuits -- VII. Tomography, Image Analysis and Visualisation -- Reconstructing Crystalline Structures
from Few Images Under High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- Measurement of Paint Layer Thickness with Photothermal Infrared Radiometry -- Spatio-Temporal Current Density Reconstruction from EEG-/MEG-Data -- Signal
Correction in NMR Spectroscopy -- On Scattering of Ultrasonic Waves -- Smoothing of Tomographic Data and Hybrid Volume-Surface Visualisation -- Video Coding with Adaptive Vector Quantization and Rate Distortion Optimization -- VIII.
Statistical Methods in Medical Applications -- The Application of Statistical Methods of Meta-Analysis for Heterogeneity Modelling in Medicine and Pharmacy, Psychology, Quality Control and Assurance -- An Application for the Analysis
of Human Tremor Time-Series -- IX. Optimization in Design and Production -- Free Material Optimization -- Automatic Layout and Labelling of State Diagrams -- Optimization Problems in a Semi-Automatic Device for Cutting Leather --
Stochastic Programming for Power Production and Trading Under Uncertainty -- Scheduling Scarce Resources in Chemical Engineering -- X. Optimization in Traffic and Communication -- Duty Scheduling in Public Transit -- Rotation Planning
for the Continental Service of a European Airline -- Computer Aided Scheduling of Switching Engines -- Train Schedule Optimization in Public Rail Transport -- An Integrated Planning Approach for Cellular Radio Networks -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642557538
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemometrics , Computer graphics , Computer mathematics , Visualization , Statistics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Computational Science and Engineering , Visualization , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Computer Imaging, Vision, Pattern Recognition and Graphics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783642561818:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Classification, Clustering, and Data Analysis Recent Advances and Applications
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (508 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56181-8
Contents:I. Clustering and Discrimination -- Clustering -- Some Thoughts about Classification -- Partial Defuzzification of Fuzzy Clusters -- A New Clustering Approach, Based on the Estimation of the Probability Density Function, for Gene
Expression Data -- Two-mode Partitioning: Review of Methods and Application of Tabu Search -- Dynamical Clustering of Interval Data Optimization of an Adequacy Criterion Based on Hausdorff Distance -- Removing Separation Conditions in
a 1 against 3-Components Gaussian Mixture Problem -- Obtaining Partitions of a Set of Hard or Fuzzy Partitions -- Clustering for Prototype Selection using Singular Value Decomposition -- Clustering in High-dimensional Data Spaces --
Quantization of Models: Local Approach and Asymptotically Optimal Partitions -- The Performance of an Autonomous Clustering Technique -- Cluster Analysis with Restricted Random Walks -- Missing Data in Hierarchical Classification of
Variables — a Simulation Study -- Cluster Validation -- Representation and Evaluation of Partitions -- Assessing the Number of Clusters of the Latent Class Model. -- Validation of Very Large Data Sets Clustering by Means of a
Nonparametric Linear Criterion -- Discrimination -- Effect of Feature Selection on Bagging Classifiers Based on Kernel Density Estimators -- Biplot Methodology for Discriminant Analysis Based upon Robust Methods and Principal Curves --
Bagging Combined Classifiers -- Application of Bayesian Decision Theory to Constrained Classification Networks -- II. Multivariate Data Analysis and Statistics -- Multivariate Data Analysis -- Quotient Dissimilarities, Euclidean
Embeddability, and Huygens’ Weak Principle -- Conjoint Analysis and Stimulus Presentation — a Comparison of Alternative Methods -- Grade Correspondence-cluster Analysis Applied to Separate Components of Reversely Regular Mixtures --
Obtaining Reducts with a Genetic Algorithm -- A Projection Algorithm for Regression with Collinearity -- Confronting Data Analysis with Constructivist Philosophy -- Statistical Methods -- Maximum Likelihood Clustering with Outliers --
An Improved Method for Estimating the Modes of the Probability Density Function and the Number of Classes for PDF-based Clustering -- Maximization of Measure of Allowable Sample Sizes Region in Stratified Sampling -- On Estimation of
Population Averages on the Basis of Cluster Sample -- Symbolic Data Analysis -- Symbolic Regression Analysis -- Modelling Memory Requirement with Normal Symbolic Form -- Mixture Decomposition of Distributions by Copulas --
Determination of the Number of Clusters for Symbolic Objects Described by Interval Variables -- Symbolic Data Analysis Approach to Clustering Large Datasets -- Symbolic Class Descriptions -- Consensus Trees and Phylogenetics -- A
Comparison of Alternative Methods for Detecting Reticulation Events in Phylogenetic Analysis -- Hierarchical Clustering of Multiple Decision Trees -- Multiple Consensus Trees -- A Family of Average Consensus Methods for Weighted Trees
-- Comparison of Four methods for Inferring Additive Trees from Incomplete Dissimilarity Matrices -- Quartet Trees as a Tool to Reconstruct Large Trees from Sequences -- Regression Trees -- Regression Trees for Longitudinal Data with
Time-dependent Covariates -- Tree-based Models in Statistics: Three Decades of Research -- Computationally Efficient Linear Regression Trees -- Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms -- A Clustering Based Procedure for Learning the
Hidden Unit Parameters in Elliptical Basis Function Networks -- Multi-layer Perceptron on Interval Data -- III. Applications -- Textual Analysis of Customer Statements for Quality Control and Help Desk Support -- AHP as Support for
Strategy Decision Making in Banking -- Bioinformatics and Classification: The Analysis of Genome Expression Data -- Glaucoma Diagnosis by Indirect Classifiers -- A Cluster Analysis of the Importance of Country and Sector on Company
Returns -- Problems of Classification in Investigative Psychology -- List of Reviewers
ISBN:9783642561818
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Computer science , Mathematical statistics , Database management , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Computer Science , Database Management , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Applications of Mathematics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Probability and Statistics in Computer Science , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781475798265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Contemporary Issues in Behavior Therapy Improving the Human Condition
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (447 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9826-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- I. Behavioral Medicine -- 2. Medical Nonadherence: A Behavior Analysis -- 3. Covert Conditioning in Behavioral Medicine: Strategies for Psycho-oncology -- 4. The Nature of Walking: A Foundation for the Experimental
Analysis of Orientation and Mobility -- 5. Treatment of Substance Abuse in Older Adults -- 6. Behavior Analysis and HIV Prevention: A Call to Action -- 7. Improving Eating Habits: A Stimulus-Control Approach to Lifestyle Change -- 8.
Memory Rehabilitation Techniques with Brain-Injured Individuals -- II. Education -- 9. Acting to Save Our Schools (1984–1994) -- 10. A University for the Twenty-First Century -- 11. The Primacy of the Initial Learning Experience: The
Incredible Gift of Learning -- III. Developmental Disabilities -- 12. Improving the Human Condition through Communication Training in Autism -- IV. Social Issues -- 13. The Social Relevance of Applied Behavior Analysis and
Psychological Intervention Strategies -- 14. From Aircrib to Walden Two: B. F. Skinner and Cultural Design -- 15. Perspectives on the Problem of Poverty -- V. Clinical Applications -- 16. Behavior Therapy-Generated Insight -- 17. Some
Applications of Behavioral Principles to Sport and Exercise Enhancement -- 18. Training the Client to Be Empathetic -- VI. Developmental Considerations -- 19. The Making of a Stable Family -- 20. Putting the Gold Back in the Golden
Years -- VII. Philosophical Issues -- 21. Wisdom as the Key to a Better World -- 22. Afterword -- About the Contributors
ISBN:9781475798265
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Psychology , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Psychology , Clinical Psychology , Sociology, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781475797121:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clinical Psychology Since 1917 Science, Practice, and Organization
Author(s): Donald K Routh
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9712-1
Contents:I. Chronological Narrative -- 1. Introduction: The Founding of Clinical Psychology (1896) and Some Important Early Developments -- 2. The American Association of Clinical Psychologists, 1917–1919 -- 3. The Clinical Section of the
American Psychological Association, 1919–1937 -- 4. The Clinical Section of the American Association for Applied Psychology, 1937–1945 -- 5. The Division of Clinical and Abnormal Psychology/Division of Clinical Psychology (Division
12), 1945– -- 6. Growth of Division 12 and the Origins of the Section on Clinical Child Psychology (Section 1), 1962– -- 7. Psychologists Interested in the Advancement of Psychotherapy (Section 2), 1963–1967 -- 8. The Corresponding
Committee of Fifty, 1961–1971, and the Section on Continuing Professional Education (Section 2), 1971–1986 -- 9. The Section for Clinical Psychology as an Experimental-Behavioral Science/Society for a Science of Clinical Psychology
(Section 3), 1966– -- 10. The Section on the Clinical Psychology of Women (Section 4), 1980– -- 11. The Society of Pediatric Psychology (Section 5), 1968/1980– -- 12. The Section on Ethnic Minority Clinical Psychology (Section 6),
1986– -- 13. The Section on the Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy (Section 7), 1988–1991 -- 14. The Spinoff of Other Specialty Groups Related to Division 12 -- II. Issues and Personalities -- 15. Research and Scholarly
Activities: Basic Science and Psychopathology -- 16. Research and Scholarly Activities: Assessment -- 17. Research and Scholarly Activities: Intervention -- 18. Education and Training: The Boulder Model -- 19. Education and Training:
The Practitioner Model -- 20. Credentials for Practitioners: ABPP, Licensing, and the National Register -- 21. The Economics of Psychological Services: The Public Sector -- 22. The Economics of Psychological Services: The Private
Sector -- III. Summing Up -- 23. Conclusion -- Appendixes -- A. Selected Examples of the Bylaws of Clinical Psychology Organizations -- B. Officers of the Division of Clinical Psychology and Related Organizations -- C. Recipients of
Awards of the Division of Clinical Psychology and Related Organizations -- D. Alphabetical List of Officers and Awardees -- References
ISBN:9781475797121
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Psychology , Clinical psychology , Psychology , Clinical Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461233923:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Testing Problems with Linear or Angular Inequality Constraints
Author(s): Johan C Akkerboom
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (291 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-3392-3
Contents:1 Testing problems with linear inequality constraints -- 1.0 General introduction and outline of results -- 1.1* Notations -- 1.2 Testing statistical hypotheses -- 1.3 Cases from statistical practice -- 1.4 The general problem with
the alternative restricted by linear inequalities -- 1.5 The canonical form: testing against the pointed polyhedral cone K -- 1.6 Particular classes of testing problems with the alternative restricted by linear inequalities -- 1.7
Problems with the null hypothesis restricted by linear inequalities -- 2 The main problem: testing against the pointed polyhedral cone K -- 2.0 Introduction and summary -- 2.1* Linear inequality constraints and the geometry of
polyhedral cones -- 2.2 Linear tests -- 2.3 Likelihood ratio tests -- 2.4 Testing a polyhedral-cone-shaped null hypothesis -- 3 A modification of the main problem: testing against a circular cone -- 3.0 Introduction and summary -- 3.1*
An angular inequality constraint and the geometry of circular cones -- 3.2 Likelihood ratio tests for the modified problem -- 3.3* Computation of critical values of the likelihood ratio test statistics for the modified problem -- 3.4 A
reduction of the modified problem by sufficiency and invariance -- 3.5 Easy-to-use combination procedures for the reduced modified problem -- 3.6* Other procedures for the reduced modified problem (?2=1) -- 3.7 Some theory about the
power properties of invariant tests (?2=1) -- 3.8 Testing a circular-cone-shaped null hypothesis -- 4 Circular likelihood ratio tests for the main problem -- 4.0 Introduction and summary -- 4.1 Replacing the polyhedral cone K by some
circular cone -- 4.2* Computation of the power of circular likelihood ratio (CLR-) tests (?2=1) -- 4.3 Minimization of the maximum shortcoming of CLR-tests over K (?2=1) -- 4.4 The minimax ray and angle of K for some particular cases
-- 4.5 The maximin ray and angle of K for some particular cases -- 4.6 The use of CLR-tests -- 4.7 Power comparisons -- 4.8 Graphs of the minimax angle and the maximin angle of K for some particular cases -- 5 Applications -- 5.1
One-sided treatment comparison in the two-period crossover trial with binary outcomes -- 5.2 Test expectancy in educational psychology -- 5.3 Predatory behavior of hungry beetles -- 5.4 The assumption of double monotony in Mokken’s
latent trait model -- References and Author Index -- Appendices
ISBN:9781461233923
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 62
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781489900418:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Assessment in Childhood Psychopathology Applied Issues in Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Evaluation
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (688 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0041-8
Contents:I: Basic Issues -- 1. Historical Trends in the Recognition and Assessment of Childhood Psychopathology -- 2. Theoretical Approaches to Assessment and Treatment -- 3. Diagnostic Classification Systems in Child Psychopathology -- II:
Methods of Assessment -- 4. Standardized and Projective Tests -- 5. Questionnaires and Checklists -- 6. Neuropsychological, Physiological, and Biochemical Assessment -- 7. Behavioral Assessment -- 8. Interviewing and Report Writing --
III: Assessment of Specific Disorders -- 9. Developmental Learning Disorders -- 10. Severe Developmental Disabilities -- 11. Conduct Problems -- 12. Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity -- 13. Infantile Disorders and Childhood
Schizophrenia -- 14. Depression -- 15. Anxiety Disorders -- 16. Selected Chronic Physiological Disorders: I. General Assessment, Asthma, and Tics -- 17. Selected Chronic Physiological Disorders: II. Gastrointestinal, Headache, and
Seizure Disorders -- 18. Eating and Elimination Disorders -- 19. Parental Roles in Childhood Psychopathology -- IV: Assessing Special Populations -- 20. Mental Retardation -- 21. Learning Disabilities -- 22. Hearing Impairment -- 23.
Visual Impairment -- 24. Physical Handicaps -- 25. Cognitive Assessment in Medically Ill Children
ISBN:9781489900418
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Psychology , Clinical psychology , Psychology , General Psychology , Clinical Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781468450743:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Private Practice of Behavior Therapy A Guide for Behavioral Practitioners
Author(s): Sheldon J Kaplan
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (289 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5074-3
Contents:1 Behavior Therapy: Foundations for Clinical Practice -- 1.1. Definition of Behavior Therapy -- 1.2 Comparison of Behavior Therapy with Traditional Clinical Practice -- 1.3. The Growing Influence of Behavior Therapy -- 1.4. The
Advantages and Disadvantages of a Private Practice in Behavior Therapy -- 2 Getting Started in a Behavior Therapy Private Practice -- 2.1 Getting Referrals -- 2.2. “Nurturing” Referrals: Keeping a Steady Flow -- 2.3. Professional
Services Offered by the Behavior Therapist -- 3 Conducting a Private Practice in Behavior Therapy -- 3.1. General Comments -- 3.2. Procedural Concerns for the Provision of Behavior Therapy Services -- 3.3. Relationship Enhancement and
Rapport Building -- 3.4. Initial Session -- 3.5. Assessment, Forms, and Procedures -- 3.6. Evaluation -- 3.7. Composition of the Therapy Hour -- 3.8. Homework Assignments, Client Compliance and Noncompliance, and Troubleshooting
Problems in Therapy -- 3.9. Termination and Follow-Up -- 4 A Review of Common Treatment Procedures in Behavior Therapy -- 4.1. Treatment Procedures -- 4.2. Traditional Operant Conditioning/Behavior Modification Procedures -- 4.3.
Classical Conditioning Procedures -- 4.4. Social Learning and Self-Control Procedures -- 4.5. Cognitive Restructuring Procedures -- 4.6. Biofeedback and Physiological Reconditioning Methods -- 4.7. Concluding Comments -- 5 Professional
Standards and Ethical Issues for Private Practice -- 5.1. Ethical Principles of Psychologists (APA, 1981) -- 5.2. Standards for Providers of Psychological Services (APA, 1977) -- 5.3. Specialty Guidelines for the Delivery of Services
(APA, 1980) -- 5.4. Ethical Issues for Human Services (AABT, 1977) -- 5.5. Formulating a Written Service Delivery Plan: Pertinent Professional Questions -- 6 Recording and Treatment Forms -- 6.1. Recording Forms -- 6.2. Treatment Forms
-- 7 Supplementary Tools for Behavioral Practice -- 7.1. Equipment -- 7.2. Books and Journals -- 7.3. Continuing Education -- 7.4. The Use of Computers in a Behavioral Private Practice -- 8 The Behavior Therapist as Consultant -- 8.1.
Issues and Current Directions in Behavioral Consultation -- 8.2. Behavior Consultation Settings -- 9 Business Concerns for the Behavior Therapist -- 9.1. The Decision to Enter Private Practice -- 9.2. Office Location and Furnishings,
Layout, and Hours -- 9.3. Support Services -- 9.4. Other Initial and Ongoing Expenses -- 9.5. Fees: Setting, Collections, and Projections -- 9.6. Marketing Professional Services -- 9.7. Business Resources for the Private Practitioner
-- 9.8. Pertinent Business Questions -- 9.9. Alternative Mental Health Care Delivery Systems: Threat or Opportunity for the Mental Health Practitioner? -- 9.10. HMOs -- 9.11. PPOs -- 9.12. EAPs -- 10 Case Illustrations from a
Behavioral Practice -- 10.1. Billy: A Child Exhibiting Disruptive Behaviors -- 10.2. Paula: A Case of Persistent Hair Pulling (Trichotillomania) -- 10.3. Robert: A Physically Aggressive Mentally Retarded Adult -- 10.4. Marie: A Case of
Heterosexual Anxiety and Sexual Dysfunction -- 10.5. Jennifer: A Case of Depression with Medical Complications -- 10.6. Matt: A Case of Hypertension and Interpersonal Difficulties -- 10.7. Summary -- 11 Current Trends and Future
Directions in the Practice of Behavior Therapy -- 11.1. Clinical Issues -- 11.2. Applied Research Issues -- 11.3. Behavior Therapists’ Role in Shaping Social Policy -- References
ISBN:9781468450743
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Psychology , Clinical psychology , Psychology , Clinical Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781489903631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Treating Child-Abusive Families Intervention Based on Skills-Training Principles
Author(s): Jeffrey A Kelly
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (220 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0363-1
Contents:1: The Incidence and Scope of Child-Abusive Behavior -- 2: Characteristics of Abusive Parents and Abused Children -- 3: A Social-Learning Model of Child Abuse -- 4: The Clinical Assessment of Child-Abusive Families -- 5: Training
Abusive Parents to Use Nonviolent Child Discipline Strategies -- 6: Teaching Parents to Use Positive Reinforcement Skills -- 7: Anger-Control Training for Abusive Parents -- 8: Intervening to Reduce Life-Style Risk Factors of Abusive
Parents -- 9: Interdisciplinary Team Coordination in Abuse Cases -- 10: Directions for Preventive Intervention -- Appendix I: The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory -- Appendix II: Knowledge of Behavioral Principles as Applied to Children
-- Appendix III: Deep Muscle Relaxation Training Script -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9781489903631
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Psychology , Social sciences , Clinical psychology , Psychology , Clinical Psychology , Social Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461254300:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Political and Related Models
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (396 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-5430-0
Contents:1. The Process of Applied Mathematics -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Applied Mathematics as a Process -- 3. The Construction and Use of Mathematical Models -- 4. Planetary Motion: The Evolution of a Model -- 5. An Example from Psychology --
6. Concluding Remarks -- References -- 2. Proportional Representation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Cumulative Voting -- 3. Single Transferable Vote -- 4. Cumulative Voting with Transfer of Surplus -- 5. Cumulative Voting with Transfer of
Surplus and Elimination of Low-Ranking Candidates -- 6. An Illustration of the Use of Cumulative Voting -- 7. STV versus CTV -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 3. Comparison Voting -- 1. Preview: Do the Rules of the Game Make
a Difference? -- 2. Introduction -- 3. Negative Voting in Two-Candidate Contests -- 4. Negative Voting in Three-Candidate Contests without a Runoff -- 5. Negative Voting in Three-Candidate Contests with a Runoff -- 6. Advantages of
Approval Voting -- 7. General Results for Approval Voting -- 8. The Possible Confounding Effects of a Poll -- 9. Approval Voting and Presidential Elections -- 10. Summary and Conclusions -- Solutions to Selected Exercises -- References
-- Notes for the Instructor -- 4. Modeling Coalitional Values -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basic Concepts -- 3. Some Experiments -- 4. Some Pollution Models -- 5. Equitable User’s Fees -- 6. Economic Markets -- 7. Business Games --
References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 5. Urban Wastewater Management Planning -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Description of the Study Area and the Scenario -- 3. Environmental Engineering Design -- 4. Economic Analysis -- 5. Financial
Analysis -- 6. Environmental Impact Statement—Ecology -- 7. Public Participation -- 8. Political Science -- 9. Epilogue -- Notes for the Instructor -- 6. An Everyday Approach to Matrix Operations -- 1. Introduction to Vectors and
Matrices -- 2. Vector Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication by Scalars -- 3. Vector Inner Product -- 4. Multiplication of a Matrix and a Vector -- 5. Matrix Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication -- 6. Properties of Matrix
Operations and Special Matrices -- 7. Matrices and Profits -- Exercises -- Reference -- Notes for the Instructor -- 7. Sources of Applications of Mathematics in Ecological and Environmental Subject Areas, Suitable for Classroom Use --
1. Introduction -- 2. Probability Theory -- 3. Matrix and Linear Algebra -- 4. Calculus -- 5. Differential Equations -- 6. Game Theory -- 7. Graph Theory -- 8. Optimal Control Theory -- 9. Miscellaneous -- References -- 8. How To Ask
Sensitive Questions without Getting Punched in the Nose -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definitions -- 3. The Randomized Response Method -- 4. Unrelated Question Model -- 5. Using the Randomized Response Method and the Unrelated Question
Model -- 6. Classroom Suggestions -- 7. Complements and Problems -- Appendix: Randomized Response Survey -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 9. Measuring Power in Weighted Voting Systems -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Simple
Examples -- 3. Measures in Voting Power -- 4. Additional Examples -- 5. Mini-Projects -- 6. Computational Aids -- 7. The Electoral College -- 8. Additional Voting Problems -- 9. Limits of the Mathematical Models -- References -- Notes
for the Instructor -- 10. To the (Minimal Winning) Victors Go the (Equally Divided) Spoils: A New Power Index for Simple n-Person Games -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Power Index Definition and Examples -- 3. Characterization Axioms -- 4.
Applications and Limitations -- 5. Concluding Remarks -- Exercises -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 11. Power Indices in Politics -- 1. Voting Games and Power Indices -- 2. Using the Power Indices -- 3. Characterizing the
Power Indices -- Solutions to Selected Exercises -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 12. Committee Decision Making -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Committee Decision-Making Experiment -- 3. Geometric Representation of the Situation
-- 4. Utility -- 5. Remarks on Models in Political Science -- 6. The Barycenter Model -- 7. The Pareto Model -- 8. The Core Model -- 9. General Discussion -- 10. The Arrow Theorem -- Appendix I: An Example of an Experiment -- Appendix
II: Mathematical Notes -- Notes for the Instructor -- 13. Stochastic Difference Equations with Sociological Applications -- 1. Difference Equation Models -- 2. Review of Probability and Statistics -- 3. Stochastic Difference Equations
-- Notes for the Instructor -- 14. The Apportionment Problem -- 1. The Basic Problem -- 2. Some Traditional Methods -- 3. Local Measures of Inequity -- 4. The Axiomatic Approach -- 5. The General Apportionment Problem -- 6. Conclusions
-- References
ISBN:9781461254300
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Economic theory , Economics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436235:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Analysis of Social Skill
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (360 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3623-5
Contents:The Concept of Skill and Its Application to Social Performance -- Observational Methods and Models from Social Psychology -- Social Skills and Psychological Disorder -- Simulated Social Skill Training for Interpersonal Professions --
Analysis of Social Skills: The Behaviour Analysis Approach -- The Skills of Staff Development -- Social Skill Aspects of Industrial Organisations -- Social Skills Instruction as Adjunctive/Alternative to Psychotherapy -- The
Educational Approach to Social Skills Training in Marriage and Family Intervention -- The Skilled Art of Conversational Interaction: Verbal and Nonverbal Signals in Its Regulation and Management -- Assessing Social Skills in the
Research Interview -- Skills: A Paradigm for Applied Social Psychological Research -- How to Lose Friends and Influence Nobody: An Analysis of Social Failure -- Teaching Social Skills to Managers -- A Programme of Interview Training
for Medical Students -- An Approach to Teaching Doctors Social Skills -- Psychological Factors in Bureaucratic Encounters: Determinants and Effects of Interactions Between Officials and Clients -- The Role of Third-Parties in
Industrial Decision Making -- Conference Issues
ISBN:9781468436235
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series : 11
Keywords: Psychology , Personality , Social psychology , Psychology , Personality and Social Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1979-9781475708844:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mental Workload Its Theory and Measurement
Author(s):
Date:1979
Size:1 online resource (500 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-0884-4
Contents:Experimental Psychology and Mental Workload -- Workload and Workload Measurement -- Models and Measures of Mental Workload -- Secondary Tasks and Workload Measurement -- Reflections on the Concept of Operator Workload -- Some Remarks
on Mental Load -- Measures of Workload, Stress and Secondary Tasks -- Final Report of Experimental Psychology Group -- Control Engineering and Workload Measurement -- Mental Load in Monitoring Tasks -- Defining and Measuring
Perceptual-Motor Workload in Manual Control Tasks -- A Proposed Set of Standardized Sub-Critical Tasks for Tracking Workload Calibration -- A Model for Mental Workload in Tasks Requiring Continuous Information Processing --
Definitions, Models and Measures of Human Workload -- Final Report of Control Engineering Group -- Mathematical Models and Mental Workload -- Approaches to Mental Workload -- Axiomatic Models of Workload -- Final Report of Mathematical
Modelling Group -- Physiological Psychology and Mental Workload -- Process Entropy and Cognitive Control: Mental Load in Internalised Thought Processes -- Mental Load, Mental Effort and Attention -- Sinusarrhythmia and Mental Work Load
-- Measurement of Mental Workload -- Physiological Indicators of Mental Workload -- Final Report of Physiological Psychology Group -- Applied Psychology and Mental Workload -- Mental Workload Measurement in Air Traffic Control --
Current Workload Methods and Emerging Challenges -- Measurement of Pilot Workload -- Determination of Stress and Strain at Real Work Places: Methods and Results of Field Studies with Air Traffic Control Officers -- On Mental Load and
Reduced Mental Capacity: Some Considerations Concerning Laboratory Research and Field Investigations -- Final Report of Applications Group
ISBN:9781475708844
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series : 8
Keywords: Psychology , Personality , Social psychology , Psychology , Personality and Social Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781468425352:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cognitive Psychology and Instruction
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (525 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2535-2
Contents:I. Learning -- A Building Block Model of Cognitive Learning -- Cognition and Instruction: Toward a Cognitive Theory of Learning -- Learning by Example -- Notes Toward a Theory of Complex Learning -- II. Comprehension and Information
Structure -- Memory Processes and Instruction -- Schema-Directed Processes in Language Comprehension -- Structurally Integrated Versus Structurally Segregated Memory Representations: Implications for the Design of Instructional
Materials -- Knowledge Transfer in Learning from Texts -- On Remembering How to Get There: How We Might Want Something Like a Map -- Some Reflections Concerning the Role of Imagery in Memory and Learning Ill -- III. Perceptual and
Memory Processes in Reading -- Speech Processes During Reading -- Assessment of Perceptual, Decoding, and Lexical Skills and Their Relation to Reading Proficiency -- A Functional Analysis of Reading Disability: The Utilization of
Intraword Redundancy by Good and Poor Readers -- Learning to Read: Visual Cues to Word Recognition -- Studying Individual Differences in Reading -- Memory for On-Going Spoken Discourse -- Precursors of Reading: Pattern Drawing and
Picture Comprehension -- Developmental Changes in Hemispheric Processing for Cognitive Skills and the Relationship to Reading Ability -- IV. Problem Solving and Components of Intelligence -- Theoretical Advances of Cognitive Psychology
Relevant to Instruction -- Progress Towards a Taxonomy of Strategy Transformations -- Teaching Problem Solving: The Effect of Algorithmic and Heuristic Problem-Solving Training in Relation to Task Complexity and Relevant Aptitudes --
Componential Investigations of Human Intelligence -- Eye Fixation and Strategy Analyses of Individual Differences in Cognitive Aptitudes -- Hypothesis Testing Strategies and Instruction -- The Characteristic Demands of Intellectual
Problems -- Mental Arithmetic: Short-Term Storage and Information Processing in a Cognitive Skill -- Cognitive Styles and Differential Learning Capacities in Paired-Associate Learning -- V. Cognitive Development -- Development of
Cognitive Skills -- The Influence of Environmental Structure on Cognitive Development During Adolescence: A Theoretical Model and Empirical Testing -- Cognition, Instruction, Development, and Individual Differences -- On the Meaning of
Nonconservation -- Children’s Understanding of Measurement -- Teaching Strategies and Conservation Training -- Imagery and Children’s Associative Learning -- VI. Approaches to Instruction -- Implications of Developmental Psychology for
the Design of Effective Instruction -- On the Reciprocal Relationship Between Previous Experience and Processing in Determining Learning Outcomes -- Cognitive Research Applied to Literacy Training -- Some Directions for a Cognitive
Psychology of Instruction
ISBN:9781468425352
Series:eBooks
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Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nato Conference Series : 5
Keywords: Psychology , Cognitive psychology , Psychology , Cognitive Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781461590774:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Language Interpretation and Communication
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (428 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-9077-4
Contents:Section 1. Conference Interpretation — an Introduction -- 1. Language Interpretation and Communication: Introduction to the Proceedings -- 2. How Conference Interpretation Grew -- 3. Selection and Training of Conference Interpreters
-- 4. Reflections on the Training of Simultaneous Interpreters: A metalinguistic approach -- 5. Intercultural Communication and the Training of Interpreters at the Monterey Institute of Foreign Studies -- 6. An Integrated Programme for
Training Interpreters -- Section 2. Sign Language and Sign Language Interpretation -- 7. The Role of Oral Language in the Evolution of Manual Language -- 8. Sign Language Interpretation: The State of the Art -- 9. Research in Sign
Language Interpreting at California State University, Northridge -- 10. Sign Language and Psycholinguistic Process: Fact, Hypotheses and Implications for Interpretation -- 11. Sign Language Interpretation and General Theories of
Language, Interpretation and Communication -- Section 3. Bilingualism, Translation and Interpretation -- 12. Linguistic Abilities in Translators and Interpreters -- 13. Psychological Approaches to Bilingualism, Translation and
Interpretation -- 14. True Bilingualism and Second Language Learning -- 15. Translating as an Innate Skill -- 16. Four Generations of Machine Translation Research and Prospects for the Future -- Section 4. Linguistic, Sociolinguistic
and Social Approaches -- 17 On the Distinction between Linguistics and Pragmatics -- 18. Language Meaning and Message Meaning: Towards a Sociolinguistic Approach to Translation -- 19. Contributions of Cross-Cultural Orientation
Programs and Power Analysis to Translation/Interpretation -- 20. Interpreter Roles and Interpretation Situations: Cross-Cutting Typologies -- 21. Behavioral Aspects of Liaison Interpreters in Papua New Guinea: Some Preliminary
Observations -- Section 5. Psychological Approaches -- 22. On the Representations of Experience -- 23. The Bilingual’s Performance: Language Dominance, Stress, and Individual Differences -- 24. Summary and Recall of Text in First and
Second Languages: Some Factors Contributing to Performance Differences -- 25. Psychosemantics and Simultaneous Interpretation -- 26. An Information-Processing Model of Understanding Speech -- Section 6. Theory and Research in
Conference Interpretation -- 27. Human Factors Approach to Simultaneous Interpretation -- 28. Simultaneous Interpretation — Units of Meaning and Other Features -- 29. Language and Cognition -- 30. Syntactic Anticipation in
German-English Simultaneous Interpreting -- 31. Simultaneous Interpretation: A Hypothetical Model and its Practical Application -- 32. Adult Simultaneous Interpretation: A Functional Analysis of Linguistic Categories and a Comparison
with Child Development -- Section 7. Conclusion -- 33. The Contribution of Cognitive Psychology to the Study of Interpretation -- Appendix A. Discussion Report -- Appendix B. List of Participants -- Name Index
ISBN:9781461590774
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Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series : 6
Keywords: Linguistics , Applied linguistics , Linguistics , Applied Linguistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9781468425291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Vigilance Theory, Operational Performance, and Physiological Correlates
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (862 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2529-1
Contents:1: Introduction -- 2: Vigilance: Biology, Psychology, Theory, and Practice (Keynote Address) -- 3: Performance Decrement During Prolonged Night Driving -- 4: Validation of a Behavior Analysis Methodology: Variation of Vigilance in
Night Driving as a Function of the Rate of Carboxyhemoglobin -- 5: Effects of Listening to Car Radio, Experience, und Personality of the Driver on Subsidiary Reaction Time and Heart Rate in a Long-Term Driving Task -- 6: Comparison of
Performance and Physiological Changes Between Drivers Who Perform Well and Poorly During Prolonged Vehicular Operation -- 7: Circadian Performance Rhythms: Experimental Studies in Air Operations -- 8: Fatigue, Circadian Rhythm, and
Truck Accidents -- 9: Neurophysiological Vigilance Indicators and Operational Analysis of a Train Vigilance Monitoring Device: A Laboratory and Field Study -- 10: Simultaneous Monitoring of a Number of Auditory Sonar Outputs -- 11:
Concurrence of Electroencephalographic and Performance Changes During a Simulated Radar Watch and Some Implications for the Arousal Theory of Vigilance -- 12: Physiological, Subjective, and Performance Correlates of Reported Boredom
and Monotony While Performing a Simulated Radar Control Task -- 13: The Function of Maintaining Concentration (TAF): An Approach to the Evaluation of Mental Stress -- 14: Vigilance Effects in Complex Inspection -- 15: Some EEG
Correlates of Sustained Attention -- 16: Cortical Evoked Potentials and Vigilance: A Decision Theory Analysis -- 17: Physiological Correlates of Performance in a Long Duration Repetitive Visual Task -- 18: The Effects of Various
Conditions on Subjective States and Critical Flicker Frequency -- 19: Vigilance and Split-Brain Research -- 20: Effects of Temporal Stressors on Vigilance and Information Processing -- 21: Arousing Stresses Increase Vigilance -- 22:
Biorhythm and Watch Rhythms: Hemeral Watch Rhythm and Anhemeral Watch Rhythm in Simulated Permanent Duty -- 23: Sleep Deprivation and the Vigilance of Anesthesiologists During Simulated Surgery -- 24: Sleep Deprivation, Arousal, and
Performance -- 25: A Study of the Combined Effects of Extended Driving and Heat Stress on Driver Arousal and Performance -- 26: A Taxonomic Analysis of Vigilance Performance -- 27: The Relationship Between Vigilance and Eye Movements
Induced by Vestibular Stimulation -- 28: The Effect of Mental Set and States of Consciousness on Vigilance Decrement: A Systematic Exploration -- 29: The Influence of Personality and Age on the Relationship Between Vigilance
Performance and Arousal Level -- 30: Psychological Processes in Sustained Attention -- 31: The Effects of Raised Signal and Noise Amplitude During the Course of Vigilance Tasks -- 32: Experiments on the Validity of Vigilance
Experiments -- 33: Adaptation to Decreasing Signal Probability -- 34: Signal Detection Theory Applied to Vigilance -- 35: An Update of Findings Regarding Vigilance and a Reconsideration of Underlying Mechanisms -- Participants --
Author Index
ISBN:9781468425291
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series : 3
Keywords: Psychology , Personality , Social psychology , Psychology , Personality and Social Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9783642808852:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics and Mathematics of the Nervous System Proceedings of a Summer School organized by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, and the Institute for Information Sciences, University of Tübingen, held at Trieste, August 21–31, 1973
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (586 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-80885-2
Contents:I Physics and Mathematics in the Biological Context -- Catastrophe Geometry in Physics and Biology -- Some Limitations Affecting Physics and Mathematics as Applied to Biology and Especially to the Nervous System -- II Molecule and
Brain -- An Integral Physico-chemical Model for Bioexcitability -- Molecular Information Processing in the Central Nervous System -- Discrete and Continuous Processes in Computers and Brains -- III Cellular and Sensory Biophysics --
Postsynaptic Cell Characteristics Determining Membrane Potential Changes -- Limitations to Single-photon Sensitivity in Vision -- Visual Sensitivity -- Detection of Form and Pattern by Retinal Neurones -- Auditory Processing in the
Nervous System -- IV Network Physiology -- Neural Networks and the Brain -- Cerebellar Morphology and Physiology: Introductory Remarks -- Can Neurons Develop Responses to Objects? -- On the Representation of Objects and Their Relations
in the Brain -- Report on the Discussion Group on “Living Neural Nets” -- V Artificial Intelligence and Natural Behavior -- Complexity of Automata, Brains, and Behavior -- Model Neuron Based on the Josephson Effect -- Adequate
Locomotion Strategies for an Abstract Organism in an Abstract Environment - A Relational Approach to Brain Function -- The Artificial Intelligence/Psychology Approach to the Study of the Brain and Nervous System -- VI Molecular and
Modifiable Automata -- Cellular Automata -- On Turing Machines with Modifications -- Chemical Automata in Homogeneous and Reaction-Diffusion Kinetics -- Molecular Automata -- Structural and Dynamical Redundancy -- Modifiable Automata
with Tolerance: A Model of Learning -- VII The Approach From Information Theory -- Redundancy and Perception -- Sensory Coding and Economy of Nerve Impulses -- An Algorithmic Approach to Information Theory -- Information Theory and
Learning in Biology: Summary of the Workgroup Sessions -- VIII Dynamical and Chemical Systems -- Mathematical Models and Bifurcation Theory in Biology -- Biochemical Kinetics -- Geometrical Aspects of the Pseudo Steady State Hypothesis
in Enzyme Reactions -- A Synthetic Approach to Exotic Kinetics (With Examples) -- Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9783642808852
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 4
Keywords: Mathematics , Life sciences , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Physics, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1956-9783642998546:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Colloquium on Fatigue / Colloque de Fatigue / Kolloquium über Ermüdungsfestigkeit Stockholm May 25–27, 1955 Proceedings / Stockholm 25–27 Mai 1955 Comptes Rendus / Stockholm 25.–27. Mai 1955 Verhandlungen
Author(s):
Date:1956
Size:1 online resource (340 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-99854-6
Contents:Sommaire Inhalt -- Étude critique de la notion de dommage appliquée à une classe étendue d?essais de fatigue -- Essais de fatigue statistiques suivant la méthode de charge progressive -- Contribution à I?étude de la fatigue des
matériaux avec essais à charge progressive -- Theories relating to fatigue of materials under combinations of stress -- Effect of simultaneous cyclic variation of stress and tempe rature on a high temperature material -- Physical and
statistical aspects of cumulative damage -- Ermüdungsfestigkeit bei statistisch veränderlichen Spannungsamplituden -- New statistical methods applied to the analysis of fatigue data. -- Über Verformungserscheinungen in Stählen bei der
Wechselbeanspruchung -- The effect of high loads on fatigue -- Modifications de texture cristalline produites par des efforts alternés -- Fatigue of steels at constant strain amplitude and elevated temperature -- Une définition
théorique de la limite de fatigue -- Effect of geometric size on notch fatigue -- Les travaux récents de l?Institut de Recherches Métallurgiques de Sarrebruck dans le domaine de la fatigue -- Einige Versuche über die Vorgänge in der
Oberflächenschicht von Ermüdungsproben -- Essais de fatigue par flexion avec fréquences superposéas -- Ziele der Ermüdungsforsehung in der Schweiz, gezeigt am Beispiel von Dauerversuchen an Schraubenverbindungen -- Variability in
fatigue testing: sources and effect on notch sensitivity -- Über den Meehanismus der Zerstörung bei der zyklischen Belastung von Metallen -- Torsion and tension relations for slip and fatigue -- Einige Besonderheiten der
Kontaktermüdung -- Some observations on the propagation of fatigue cracks -- Some investigations on cumulative damage -- A guide to statistical methods for use in fatigue testing -- Die durch große Zug- und Druekermüdungsbelastungen
hervorgebrachte mechanische Hysterese in Stählen -- Der Meehanismus des Dauerbruchs metallischer Werkstoffe -- A proposed mechanism of fatigue failure -- Recent researches on fatigue at the Mechanical Engineering Research Laboratory,
East Kilbride -- Experimental design and methods of analysis used in studying effects of metallurgical variation on fatigue -- A contribution to the theory of the fatigue of metals -- Basic aspects of fatigue -- Ausscheidungsvorgänge
in Stählen bei ruhender und wechselnder Beanspruchung -- Bending fatigue of large welded test pieces with regard to velocity of crack propagation -- Cumulative damage in fatigue -- Table des matières
ISBN:9783642998546
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Medicine , Occupational medicine , Primary care (Medicine) , Clinical psychology , Medicine & Public Health , Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine , Primary Care Medicine , Clinical Psychology
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