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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD ASTRONOMY HISTORY 20TH CENTURY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/31417.18 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword astronomy history 20th century ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642367366:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Alexandria, Through Baghdad [electronic resource] : Surveys and Studies in the Ancient Greek and Medieval Islamic Mathematical Sciences in Honor of J.L. Berggren
Author(s): Nathan Sidoli
Glen Van Brummelen
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book honors the career of historian of mathematics J.L. Berggren, his scholarship, and service to the broader community. The first part, of value to scholars, graduate students, and interested readers, is a survey ofscholarship in the mathematic al sciences in ancient Greece and medieval Islam. It consists of six articles (three by Berggren himself) covering research from the middle of the 20th century to the present. The remainder of the bookcontains studies by eminent scholars of the ancient an d medieval mathematical sciences. They serve both as examples of the breadth of current approaches and topics, and as tributes to Berggren's interests by his friends andcolleagues
Contents:History of Greek Mathematics
Mathematical Reconstructions Out, Textual Studies in
Research on Ancient Greek Mathematical Sciences
History of Mathematics in the Islamic World
Mathematics and Her Sisters in Medieval Islam
A Survey of Research in the Mathematical Sciences in Medieval Islam from 1996 to 2011
The Life of Pi: From Archimedes to ENIAC and Beyond
Mechanical Astronomy: A Route to the Ancient Discovery of Epicycles and Eccentrics
Some Greek Sundial Meridians
An Archimedean Proof of Herons Formula for the Area of a Triangle
Reading the Lost Folia of the A
ISBN:9783642367366
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400754225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Ultra Rays to Astroparticles [electronic resource] : A Historical Introduction to Astroparticle Physics
Author(s): Brigitte Falkenburg
Wolfgang Rhode
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is a historical introduction to astroparticle physics. Its scope is to give an overview of this complex field of research, starting with the discovery of cosmic rays (Victor Hess, 1912) until the current experiments withparticle telescopes. The book focuses on the ways in which physics changes in the course of this history. The following changes run parallel, overlap, and/or interact: - Discovery of effects like X-rays, radioactivity, cosmic rays,new particles, the Cosmic Microwave Backgro und and its anisotropies, but also progress through non-discoveries (monopoles) etc. - The change of the description of nature in physics, as consequence of the scientific revolutionsat the beginning of the 20th century, giving rise to quantum physics, relativity, etc. - The shifts from particle physics to cosmology and to particle physics with cosmic accelerators. - The change of experimental methods,cooperations, and disciplinary divisions. With regard to the latter change, a main topic of the boo k is to make the specific multi-disciplinary features of astroparticle physics clear to undergraduate and graduate students,historians of physics, and philosophers of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 From the discovery of radioactivity to first accelerator experiments
3 Development of Cosmology:From a Static Universe to Accelerated Expansion
4 Evolution of Astrophysics5.1 Introduction and General Overview
5 Development of Ultra High
Energy Cosmic Ray Research
6 Very
High Energy Gamma
Ray Astronomy
7 Search for the neutrino mass and low energy neutrino astronomy
8 From Particle Physics to Astroparticle Physics: Proton Decay and the Rise of Non
Accelerator Physics
10 From Waves to Particle Tracks and Quantum Probabilities
A Timetable
B Nob
ISBN:9789400754225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817649401:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Einstein and the Changing Worldviews of Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christoph Lehner
Jrgen Renn
Matthias Schemmel
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume reviews conceptual conflicts at the foundations of physics now and in the past century. The focus is on the conditions and consequences of Einsteins pathbreaking achievements that sealed the decline of theclassical notions of space, time, radiation, and matter, and resulted in the theory of relativity. Particular attention is paid to the implications of conceptual conflicts for scientific views of the world at large, thus providingthe basis for a comparison of the demise of the mechanical worldview at the turn of the 20th century with the challenges presented by cosmology at the turn of the 21st century. Throughout the work, Einsteins contributions are notseen in isolation but instead set into the wider intellectual context of dealing wit h the problem of gravitation in the twilight of classical physics the investigation of the historical development is carried out with a number ofepistemological questions in mind, concerning, in particular, the transformation process of knowledge associat ed with the changing worldviews of physics. Einstein and the Changing Worldviews of Physics is divided into four main parts:* Part I: At the Limits of the Classical Worldview * Part II: Contexts of the Relativity Revolution * Part III: The Emergence of th e Relativistic Worldview * Part IV: A New Worldview in the Making. The contributions explore variousaspects of the emerging relativistic views in modern physics by giving an historical, philosophical, and mathematical account of Einsteins work, as well as the work of other distinguished physicists in the field. Taken as a whole,the book is focused on the interplay between mathematical concepts and physical ideas throughout history by studying todays scientific world and how it continues to redefine physic s in the 21st century. Contributors: A. Ashtekar, E.Battaner, J.E. Beckman, K.A. Brading, T. Dray, J. Eisenstaedt, E. Florido, H.F. Goenner, D. Kennefick, J. Renn, T.A.Ryckman, D
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Part I: At the Limits of the Classical Worldview
Theories of Gravitation in the Twilight of Classical Physics
The Newtonian Theory of Light Propagation
Mach and Einstein, or, Clearing Troubled Waters in the History of Science
Part II: Contexts of the Relativity Revolution
Tilling the Seedbed of Einstein's Politics: A Pre
1905 Harbinger?
The Early Reception of Einsteins Relativity among British Philosophers
Science and Ideology in Einstein's Visit to South America in 1925
The Reception of Einstein's Relativity Theories in Literature and the Arts (1920
ISBN:9780817649401
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Einstein Studies : v12
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642116025:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Making of History's Greatest Star Map [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Perryman
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:From prehistoric times, mankind has looked up at the night sky, and puzzled at the changing positions of the stars. How far away they are is a question that has confounded scientists for centuries. Over the last few hundredyears, many scientific care ers and considerable resources have been devoted to measuring their positions and motions with ever increasing accuracy. And in the last two decades of the 20th century, the European Space Agencydeveloped and launched the Hipparcos satellite, around whi ch this account revolves, to carry out these exacting measurements from space. What has prompted these remarkable developments? Why have governments been persuaded to fund them?What are scientists learning from astronomy's equivalent of the Human Genome P roject? This book traces the subject's history, explains why such enormous efforts are considered worthwhile, and interweaves these with a first-hand insightinto the Hipparcos project, and how big science is conducted at an international level. The involv ement of amateur astronomers, and the Hipparcos contributions to climate research, death stars' passing close to the Sun, and thesearch for extra-solar planets and even intelligent life itself, are some of the surprising facets of this unusual space missi on. One of the defining points in the creative life of the human mind came about when the ancient Greeksrealised that, through a combination of mathematical geometry and the devising of increasingly accurate instruments using 360 scales, it was possible t o map the heavens. And from Hipparchus in 150 BC, to ESA's Hipparcos project inthe late twentieth century, much of the history of astronomy has been about the increasingly refined measurement of stellar angles, and how we can use them to make sense of the cosmos. This splendid book provides a fascinating accountof that intellectual journey, and the defining contribution of a remarkable space mission. Allan Chapman A fascinating and entertaini
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prologue: Hipparcos Launch
Our Place in the Cosmos
Why Star Positions?
Early History
Developments 18501980
The Push to Space
From Concept to Launch
Disaster Unfolds
Mission Recovery
Science in the Making
The Finishing Touches
Our Galaxy
Inside the Stars
Our Solar System and Habitability
The Future
Epilogue
ISBN:9783642116025
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402036446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andr Heck
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory is quite an interesting place for historians: several changes of nationality between France and Germany, high-profile scientists having been based there, big projects born or installed in itswalls, and so on. Most of the documents circulating on the history of the Observatory and on related matters have however been so far poorly referenced, if at all. This made necessary the compilation of a volume such as this one,offering fully-documented historical facts and re ferences on the first decades of the Observatory history, authored by both French and German specialists. The experts contributing to this book have done their best to write in a wayunderstandable to readers not necessarily hyperspecialized in astronomy n or in the details of European history. After an introductory chapter by the Editor, contributions by Wolfschmidt and by Duerbeck respectively deal extensivelywith the German periods and review people and instrumentation, while another paper by Duerbeck is more specifically devoted to World War II times. A subsequent chapter by Dbarbat describes the development of instrumentation atStrasbourg Observatory during the French period between World Wars. Several contributions are devoted to specific astronomers such as Wislicenus (Duerbeck), Wirtz (Duerbeck & Seitter), and Muller (Bacchus). Two chapters by Heck andJung deal with the genesis and the first years of the Stellar Data Center (CDS) installed at Strasbourg Observatory, while Kovalevsky recalls that the Hipparcos space experiment was born there. Seggewiss reminds the links of theObservatory with the Astronomische Gesellschaft, starting with the inauguration of the place. Bodenmuller & Heck discuss the visibility of the Observatory in the regional press around the beginning of the 20th century and two notes byHeck analyze respectively the Coronelli globe of the observatory and Danjon & Rougiers first spectroscopic studies of the green flash from S
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory and its Multinational History
Strasbourg Observatory in German Times
The Observatory of the Emperor Wilhelm University: the People Behind the Documents
Strasbourg Observatory in World War II
Strasbourg Observatory: A Breeding Place for French Astronomical Instrumentation in the 20TH Century
Walter F. Wislicenus and Modern Astronomical Bibliography
The Nebular Research of Carl Wirtz
Paul Muller (19102000)
Vistas into the CDS Genesis
The Stellar Data Center: Origins and Early Beginnings (19721974)
The Hipparcos Project at St
ISBN:9781402036446
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library : v330
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402032943:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kristian Birkeland [electronic resource] : The First Space Scientist
Author(s): Alv Egeland
William J Burke
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:At the beginning of the 20th century Kristian Birkeland (1867-1917), a Norwegian scientist of insatiable curiosity, addressed questions that had vexed European scientists for centuries. Why do the northern lights appear overheadwhen the Earths magnet ic field is disturbed? How are magnetic storms connected to disturbances on the Sun? To answer these questions Birkeland interpreted his advance laboratory simulations and daring campaigns in the Arcticwilderness in the light of Maxwells newly discovered laws of electricity and magnetism. Birkelands ideas were dismissed for decades, only to be vindicated when satellites could fly above the Earths atmosphere. Faced with thedepleting stocks of Chilean saltpeter and the consequent prospect of mass starvation , Birkeland showed his practical side, inventing the first industrial scale method to extract nitrogen-based fertilizers from the air. Norsk Hydro, oneof modern Norways largest industries, stands as a living tribute to his genius. Hoping to demonstrate wh at we now call the solar wind, Birkeland moved to Egypt in 1913. Isolated from his friends by the Great War, Birkeland yearnedto celebrate his 50th birthday in Norway. The only safe passage home, via the Far East, brought him to Tokyo where in the late sp ring of 1917 he passed away
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Background and Education
At the 19th Century's End
A New Abel
Introduction: Tempora Mutant Et Nos Cum Illis Mutamur
Geomagnetic and Solar System Research
Aurora in a Vacuum Chamber
The Norwegian Auroral Expeditions
The Universe in a Vacuum Chamber
Technology and Applied Physics
Fast Switches and Electromagnetic Cannons
In as Little as Four Years
Birkeland the Man
As Seen in his Own Time
Consummatus in Brevi, Explevit Tempora Multa
Birkeland's Heritage
From Small Acorns
In Memoriam
ISBN:9781402032943
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library : v325
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , History
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401109789:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:History of the IAU The Birth and First Half-Century of the International Astronomical Union
Author(s): Adriaan Blaauw
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (296 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0978-9
Contents:1 Birth and Consolidation 1919–1922 -- 2 Earlier 20th Century Developments World War I -- 3 The IRC and the “Neutral” States Suspicion and Resentment -- 4 1922–1928: First General Assemblies IAU Becomes Fully International -- 5 The
Years 1928–1938 -- 6 The IAU and Political Persecutions in the 1930’s -- 7 1938–1948 World War II: Interruption and Recovery -- 8 1948–1958 Flourishing Science and Disturbing Politics -- 9 The China Conflict -- 10 1958–1964 Reforms,
Berkeley 1961, and Hamburg 1964 -- 11 1964–1969 Reforms Continued, the Astronomer’s Handbook, Prague 1967, and the 50th Anniversary -- 12 Financing in the Union A Review Over 75 Years -- References -- The IAU Historical Archives --
Name Index
ISBN:9789401109789
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , History , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Social Sciences, general , History, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461525608:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers of Fundamental Physics
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (601 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2560-8
Contents:Empirical Evidence on the Creation of Galaxies and Quasars -- Periodicity in Extragalactic Redshifts -- Quasar Spectra: Black Holes or Nonstandard Models? -- Configurations and Redshifts of Galaxies -- Isominkowskian Representation of
Cosmological Redshifts and the Internal Red-Blue-Shifts of Quasars -- The Relativistic Electron Pair Theory of Matter and its Implications for Cosmology -- Are Quasars Manifesting a de Sitter Redshift? -- What, if Anything, Is the
Anthropic Cosmological Principle Telling Us? -- Large Anomalous Redshifts and Zero-Point Radiation -- Theoretical Basis for a Non-Expanding and Euclidean Universe -- Light Propagation in an Expanding Universe -- Fornax - The Companion
of the Milky Way and the Question of Its Standard Motion -- Cosmological Redshifts and the Law of Corresponding States -- Did the Apple Fall? -- Investigations with Lasers, Atomic Clocks and Computer Calculations of Curved Spacetime
and of the Differences between the Gravitation Theories of Yilmaz and of Einstein -- Gravity Is the Simplest Thing! -- Fourdimensional Elasticity: Is It General Relativity? -- Universality of the Lie-Isotopic Symmetries for Deformed
Minkowskian Metrics -- Hertz’s Special Relativity and Physical Reality -- From Relativistic Paradoxes to Absolute Space and Time Physics -- Theories Equivalent to Special Relativity -- The Physical Meaning of Albert Einstein’s
Relativistic Ether Concept -- The Limiting Nature of Light-Velocity as the Causal Factor Underlying Relativity -- The Ether Revisited -- What Is and What Is Not Essential in Lorentz’s Relativity -- Vacuum Substratum in Electrodynamics
and Quantum Mechanics Theory and Experiment -- The Influence of Idealism In 20th Century Science -- Creeds of Physics -- Earth Complexity vs. Plate Tectonic Simplicity -- An Evolutionary Earth Expansion Hypothesis -- Global Models of
the Expanding Earth -- An Orogenic Model Consistent with Earth Expansion -- Earth Expansion Requires Increase in Mass -- Principles of Plate Movements on the Expanding Earth -- The Origin of Granite and Continental Masses in an
Expanding Earth -- The Primordially Hydridic Character of Our Planet and Proving It by Deep Drilling -- Possible Relation between Earth Expansion and Dark Matter -- Earth Expansion and the Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanicism --
Tension-Gravitational Model of Island Arcs -- Electromagnetic Interactions and Particle Physics -- Isotopic and Genotopic Relativistic Theory -- A Look at Frontiers of High Energy Physics: From the GeV(109eV) to PeV(1015eV) and Beyond
-- An Approach to Finite-Size Particles with Spin -- A New High Energy Scale? -- On the Space-Time Structure of the Electron -- Physics without Physical Constants -- The Relation between Information, Time and Space Inferred from
Universal Phenomena in Solid-State Physics -- Quantum-Like Behaviour of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field and Observation of Discrete Forbidden States in the Classical Mechanical Domain -- Unipolar Induction and Weber’s
Electrodynamics -- Impact of Maxwell’s Equation of Displacement Current on Electromagnetic Laws and Comparison of the Maxwellian Waves with Our Model of Dipolic Particles -- Direct Calculation of H and the Complete Self Energy of the
Electron from Fluid Models -- Interbasis “Sphere-Cylinder” Expansions for the Oscillator in the Three Dimensional Space of Constant Positive Curvature -- Pancharatnam’s Topological Phase in Relation to theDynamical Phase in
Polarization Optics -- On the Connection between Classical and Quantum Mechanics -- Discrete Time Realizations of Quantum Mechanics and Their Possible Experimental Tests -- Heraclitus’ Vision - Schrödinger’s Version -- Is It Possible
to Believe in both Orthodox Quantum Theory and History? -- A New Logic for Quantum Mechanics? -- Dangerous Effects of the Incomprehensibility in Microphysics -- Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- Rabi Oscillations
Described by de Broglian Probabilities -- A Test of the Complementarity Principle in Single-Photon States of Light -- Experiments with Entangled Two-Photon States from Type-II Parametric Down Conversion: Evidence for Wave-Particle
Unity -- Correlation Functions and Einstein Locality -- Optical Tests of Bell’s Inequalities. Closing the Poor Correlation Loophole -- Atomic Cascade Experiments with Two-Channel Polarizers and Quantum Mechanical Nonlocality -- New
Tests on Locality and Empty Waves -- Wave-Particle Duality -- Quantum Correlations from a Logical Point of View -- Local Realism and the Crucial Experiment -- The Space of Local Hidden Variables Can Limit Non-Locality And What Next? --
How the Quantum of Action Cannot Be a Metric one -- The Ghostly Solution of the QuantumParadoxes and Its Experimental Verification
ISBN:9781461525608
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
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Call number:QB32.H27::2013 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:In search of the true universe: The tools, shaping, and cost of cosmological thought
Author(s): Martin Harwit
Size:393 p.
Contents:The 19th century's last five years -- Part I. The import of theoretical tools. An overview, Conclusions based on principles, Conclusions based on a premise, Conclusions based on calculations, Asking the right questions, accepting limited answers -- Part II. A national plan shaping the universe we perceive. A new order and the new universe it produced, Where did the chemical elements arise?, Landscapes, The evolution of astrophysical theory after 1960, Turmoils of leadership, Cascades and shocks that shape astrophysics, Astrophysical discourse and persuasion -- Part III. The cost of discerning the true universe. Organization and functioning of the astronomical community, Language and astrophysical stability, An economically viable astronomical program.
ISBN:9781107044067
Keywords: Astronomy History 20th century. , Science and state History 20th century. , Astronomy Social aspects History 20th century.
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