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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD ASTROPHYSICISTS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/21569.31 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword astrophysicists ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642333804:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Studying Stellar Rotation and Convection [electronic resource] : Theoretical Background and Seismic Diagnostics
Author(s): Mariejo Goupil
Kvin Belkacem
Coralie Neiner
Francois Lignires
John J Green
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume synthesizes the results of work carried out by several international teams of the SIROCO (Seismology for Rotation and Convection) collaboration. It provides the theoretical background required to interpret the hugequantity of high-quality observational data recently provided by space experiments such as CoRoT and Kepler. Asteroseismology allows astrophysicists to test, to model and to understand stellar structure and evolution as never before.The chapters in this book address the two grou ps of topics summarized as Stellar Rotation and Associated Seismology as well as Stellar Convection and Associated Seismology. The book offers the reader solid theoreticalbackground knowledge and adapted seismic diagnostic techniques
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Rotation and Associated Seismology
Modeling and Rotating Stars
2D Oscillation of Rotating Stars
Seismology of Rotating Stars
Convection and Associated Seismology
Turbulent Convection in Stellar Surface Layers
Dynamical Instabilities
ISBN:9783642333804
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v865
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642309700:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Astrophysics [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Thierry J.-L Courvoisier
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:High-energy astrophysics has unveiled a Universe very different from that only known from optical observations. It has revealed many types of objects in which typical variability timescales are as short as years, months, days, andhours (in quasars, X -ray binaries, and other objects), and even down to milli-seconds in gamma ray bursts. The sources of energy that are encountered are only very seldom nuclear fusion, and most of the time gravitation, a paradox whenone thinks that gravitation is, by many orders of magnitude, the weakest of the fundamental interactions. The understanding of these objects' physical conditions and the processes revealed by high-energy astrophysics in the lastdecades is nowadays part of astrophysicists' culture, even of those active in other domains of astronomy. This book evolved from lectures given to master and PhD students at the University of Geneva since the early 1990s. It aims atproviding astronomers and physicists intending to be active in high-energy astrophysics a broad basis on which they should be able to build the more specific knowledge they will need. While in the first part of the book the physicalprocesses are described and derived in detail, the second part studies astrophysical objects in which high-energy astrophysics plays a crucial role. This two-pronged approach will help students recognise physical processes by theirobservational signatures in contexts that may differ widely from those presented here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Physical Processes
1 The framework
2 Radiation of an accelerated charge
3 Bremsstrahlung
4 Cyclotron line emission
5 Synchrotron emission
6 Compton processes
7 Comptonisation
8 Pair Processes
9 Particle acceleration
10 Accretion
11 Radiation inefficient accretion flows
Part II Astrophysical Objects
12 Black holes and accretion efficiency
13 Neutron Stars
14 Pulsars
15 The HulseTaylor pulsar and gravitational radiation
16 X
ray binaries
17 X
ray binaries evolution
18 Relativistic jets
19 Gamma ray bursts
20 Active galactic
ISBN:9783642309700
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461444008:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Waves and Oscillations in the Sun [electronic resource]
Author(s): A. Satya Narayanan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Astrophysicists and others studying the Sun will find this expansive coverage of what we know about waves and oscillations in our nearest star an informative introduction to a hot contemporary topic. After a section summarizingthe Sun's physical char acteristics, the volume moves on to explore the basics of electrodynamics, which in turn facilitate a discussion of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). The material also details the often complex nature of waves andoscillations in uniform and non-uniform media, b efore categorizing the observational signatures of oscillations and exploring the instabilities in fluid, dealing with a range of known forms. Lastly, a section on helioseismologyexplores our growing familiarity with the internal structure of the Sun. Thi s book is a unified portal to a thorough grounding in solar waves that includes a wealth of explanatory vignettes demystifying concepts such as flux tubes,current-free and force-free magnetic fields, the prominences, and the relationship between the vorti city and the induction equation. It also sets out the elegant Parker solution describing the phenomenon of solar wind. The volume willinspire readers with the unbridled enthusiasm of astrophysicists who view the Sun as a giant natural plasma laboratory, i n interstellar terms located right on our doorstep, in which they can apply and then verify experimental andtheoretical studies on plasma through their own observation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1: Historical Perspectives
1.2: The Core of the Sun
1.3: Radiative Zone
1.4: Convection Zone
1.5: Photosphere
1.6: Chromosphere
1.7: Corona
1.8: Solar Wind
Chapter 2: Electro
Magneto Statics
2.1: Charge and Current Distributions
2.2: Coulomb's Law
2.3: Gauss's Law
2.4: Ampere's Law
2.5: Faraday's Law
2.6: Vector Magnetic Potential
2.7: Maxwell's Equations
Chapter 3: MHD Equations and Concepts
3.1: Assumptions
3.2: Dimensionless Parameters
3.3: Mass Continuity
3.4: Equations of Motion
3.5: Energy Equatio
ISBN:9781461444008
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642275883:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Taking the Back off the Watch [electronic resource] : A Personal Memoir
Author(s): Thomas Gold
Simon Mitton
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Thomas Gold (1920-2004) had a curious mind that liked to solve problems. He was one of the most remarkable astrophysicists in the second half of the twentieth century, and he attracted controversy throughout his career. Based ona full-length autobiog raphy left behind by Thomas Gold, this book was edited by the astrophysicist and historian of science, Simon Mitton (University of Cambridge). The book is a retrospective on Golds remarkable life. He fled fromVienna in 1933, eventually settling in England and completing an engineering degree at Trinity College in Cambridge. During the war, he worked on naval radar research alongside Fred Hoyle and Hermann Bondi which, in an unlikelychain of events, eventually led to his working with them on steady-state cosmology. In 1968, shortly after their discovery, he provided the explanation of pulsars as rotating neutron stars. In his final position at Cornell, he and hiscolleagues persuaded the US Defense Department to fund the conversion of the giant radio teles cope at Arecibo in Puerto Rico into a superb instrument for radio astronomy. Golds interests covered physiology, astronomy, cosmology,geophysics, and engineering. Written in an intriguing style and with an equally intriguing foreword by Freeman Dyson, thi s book constitutes an important historical document, made accessible to all those interested in the history ofscience.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword by Freeman Dyson
Introduction by Simon Mitton
School Years in Troubled Times
Wartime Student Days
Wartime Work for the British Navy
Return to Cambridge: The Citadel of Learning
Appointment at the Royal Greenwich Observatory
Move to America
Move to Cornell
The Pulsar Era
NASA: The Love
Hate Relationship
The origin of Petroleum on Earth
Earthquakes
Unfinished Business
ISBN:9783642275883
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v381
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Mines and mineral resources , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642218156:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Observational Astrophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pierre Lna
Daniel Rouan
Franois Lebrun
Franois Mignard
Didier Pelat
Date:2012
Edition:3rd ed. 2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is the updated, widely revised, restructured and expanded third edition of Lna et al.'s successful work Observational Astrophysics. It presents a synthesis on tools and methods of observational astrophysics of the early21st century. Written spec ifically for astrophysicists and graduate students, this textbook focuses on fundamental and sometimes practical limitations on the ultimate performance that an astronomical system may reach, rather thanpresenting particular systems in detail. In little m ore than a decade there has been extraordinary progress in imaging and detection technologies, in the fields of adaptive optics, optical interferometry, in the sub-millimetrewaveband, observation of neutrinos, discovery of exoplanets, to name but a few ex amples. The work deals with ground-based and space-based astronomy and their respective fields. And it also presents the ambitious concepts behind spacemissions aimed for the next decades. Avoiding particulars, it covers the whole of the electromagnetic s pectrum, and provides an introduction to the new forms of astronomy becoming possible with gravitational waves and neutrinos. Italso treats numerical aspects of observational astrophysics: signal processing, astronomical databases and virtual observatorie s
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Foundations
1 Astrophysical Information
2 The Earth Atmosphere and Space
3 Radiation and Photometry
4 SpaceTime Reference Frames
Part II Data Collection
5 Telescopes and Images
6 Diffraction and Image Formation
7 Detectors
8 Spectral Analysis
Part III Data Analysis
9 The Signal in Astronomy
10 Sky Surveys and Virtual Observatories
A Fourier Transforms
B Random Processes and Variables
C Physical and Astronomical Constants
D Tables of Space Missions
E Webography
F Acronyms
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783642218156
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642126987:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy with Radioactivities [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roland Diehl
Dieter H Hartmann
Nikos Prantzos
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book introduces the reader to the field of nuclear astrophysics, i.e. the acquisition and reading of measurements on unstable isotopes in different parts of the universe. The authors explain the role of radioactivities inastrophysics, discuss sp ecific sources of cosmic isotopes and in which special regions they can be observed. More specifically, the authors address stars of different types, stellar explosions which terminate stellar evolutions, andother explosions triggered by mass transfers an d instabilities in binary stars. They also address nuclear reactions and transport processes in interstellar space, in the contexts of cosmic rays and of chemical evolution. A specialchapter is dedicated to the solar system which even provides material sa mples. The book also contains a description of key tools which astrophysicists employ in those particular studies and a glossary of key terms in astronomy withradioactivities
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I The Role of Radioactivities in Astrophysics
Introduction to Astronomy With Radioactivity
The Role of Radioactive Isotopes in Astrophysics
Part II Specific Sources of Cosmic Isotopes
Radioactivities in Low
and Intermediate
Mass Stars
Massive Stars and their Supernovae
Binary Systems and Their Nuclear Explosions
Part III Special Places to Observe Cosmic Isotopes
Distributed Radioactivities
Part IV Tools for the Study of Radioactivities in Astrophysics
Nuclear Reactions
Instruments for Observations of Radioactivities
Part V Epilogue
Perspectives
An
ISBN:9783642126987
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v812
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642005763:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Protostellar Jets in Context [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kanaris Tsinganos
Tom Ray
Matthias Stute
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume contains the proceedings of the Conference Protostellar Jets in Context held by the JETSET Marie Curie Research Training Network in July 2008. This meeting not only served to showcase some of the network's achievementsbut was also a platf orm to hear from, discuss and debate the recent findings of world-class astrophysicists in the field of protostellar jet research. Jets from young stars are of course not an isolated astrophysical phenomenon. It isknown that objects as diverse as young br own dwarfs, planetary nebulae, symbiotic stars, micro-quasars, AGN, and gamma-ray bursters produce jets. Thus in a series of talks, protostellar jets were put in context by comparing them withtheir often much larger brethren and also by considering the ub iquitous accretion disks that seem to be necessary for their formation. With this spectrum of contributions on observations and the theory of astrophysical jets andaccretion disks, this book serves as a comprehensive reference work for researchers and stu dents alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Introductory Reviews
Part II The star/jet/disk system
Part III Jet launching
Part IV Session III: Observational constraints on jet launching
Part IV Session III: Observational constraints on jet launching
Part V Jet propagation, stability, interaction with the environment, X
ray emission
Part VI Molecular outflows and Turbulence injection by jets
Part VII JETSET early stage researcher presentations
Part VIII Posters
ISBN:9783642005763
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540769491:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andr Maeder
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Rotation is ubiquitous at each step of stellar evolution, from star formation to the final stages, and it affects the course of evolution, the timescales and nucleosynthesis. Stellar rotation is also an essential prerequisite forthe occurrence of Gam ma-Ray Bursts. In this book the author thoroughly examines the basic mechanical and thermal effects of rotation, their influence on mass loss by stellar winds, the effects of differential rotation and itsassociated instabilities, the relation with magneti c fields and the evolution of the internal and surface rotation. Further, he discusses the numerous observational signatures of rotational effects obtained from spectroscopy andinterferometric observations, as well as from chemical abundance determination s, helioseismology and asteroseismology, etc. On an introductory level, this book presents in a didactical way the basic concepts of stellar structure andevolution in track 1 chapters. The other more specialized chapters form an advanced course on the gra duate level and will further serve as a valuable reference work for professional astrophysicists
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Stellar Equilibrium with and without Rotation
Part II Physical Properties of Stellar Matter
Part III Hydrodynamical Instabilities and Transport Processes
Part IV Acoustic and Gravity Waves. Helio and Asteroseismology
Part V Star Formation
Part VI MainSequence and PostMS Evolution
Part VII Appendices
ISBN:9783540769491
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402093302:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Kinetic Theory of a Dilute Ionized Plasma [electronic resource]
Author(s): Leopoldo S Garca-Coln
Leonardo Dagdug
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book results from recent studies aimed at answering questions raised by astrophycists who use values of transport coefficients that are old and often unsatisfactory. The few books dealing with the rigorous kinetic theory of aionized plasma are b ased on the so called Landau (Fokker-Planck) equation and they seldom relate the microscopic results with their macroscopic counterpart provided by classical non-equilibrium thermodynamics. In this book both issuesare thoroughly covered. Starting from the full Boltzmann equation for inert dilute plasmas and using the Hilbert-Chapman-Enskog method to solve the first two approximations in Knudsens parameter, we construct all the transportproperties of the system within the framework of linear irreversible t hermodynamics. This includes a systematic study of all possible cross effects (which, except for a few cases, were never treated in the literature) as well as thefamous H-theorem. The equations of magneto-hydrodynamics for dilute plasmas, including the ra ther surprising results obtained for the viscomagnetic effects, may be now fully assessed. This book will be of immediate interest to theplasma physics community, as well as to astrophysicists. It is also likely to make an impact in the field of cold plas mas, involving laser cooled Rydberg atoms
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Non
equilibrium Thermodynamics
2 The Problem. 2.1 Conservation Equations. 2.2 The H Theorem and Local Equilibrium
3 Solution of the Boltzmann Equation
4 Calculation of the Currents. 4.1 Diffusion Effects. 4.2 Flow of Heat
5 Solution of the Integral Equations
6 The Transport Coefficients
7 Discussion of the Results
8 Viscomagnetism. 8.1 The Integral Equation. 8.2 The Stress Tensor. 8.3 The Integral Equation. 8.4 Comparison with Thermodynamics
9 Magnetohydrodynamics
A Calculation of M. B Linearized Boltzmann Collision Kernels. C The case when = 0. D The collision int
ISBN:9781402093302
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v53
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Statistical physics , Thermodynamics , Astrophysics , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540344124:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Universe in X-Rays [electronic resource]
Author(s): Joachim E Trmper
Gnther Hasinger
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In the last 45 years, X-ray astronomy has become an integral part of modern astrophysics and cosmology. There is a wide range of astrophysical objects and phenomena, where X-rays provide crucial diagnostics. In particular they arewell suited to study hot plasmas and matter under extreme physical conditions in compact objects. This book summarizes the present status of X-ray astronomy in terms of observational results and their astrophysical interpretation. Itis written for students, astrophysicists a s well a growing community of physicists interested in the field. An introduction including historical material is followed by chapters on X-ray astronomical instrumentation. The next two partssummarize in 17 chapters the present knowledge on various clas ses of X-ray sources in the galactic and extragalactic realm. While the X-ray astronomical highlights discussed in this book are mainly based on results from ROSAT, ASCA,RXTE, BeppoSAX, Chandra and XMM-Newton, a final chapter provides an outlook on observ ational capabilities and projects discussed for the future
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:X
Ray Astronomical Instrumentation
Overview
Proportional Counters
Scintillation Counters
Imaging Proportional Counters
Aperture Modulation Telescopes
Wolter Optics
CCD Detectors
High Resolution Spectroscopy
Galactic X
Ray Astronomy
Solar System Objects
Nuclear Burning Stars
White Dwarfs
X
Ray Emission of Cataclysmic Variables and Related Objects
Classical Novae
Pulsars and Isolated Neutron Stars
Accreting Neutron Stars
Black
Hole Binaries
X
Ray Studies of Supernovae and Supernova Remnants
The Interstellar Medium
The Galactic Center
ISBN:9783540344124
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402088681:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Turbulence, Dynamos, Accretion Disks, Pulsars and Collective Plasma Processes [electronic resource] : First Kodai-Trieste Workshop on Plasma Astrophysics Held at the Kodaikanal Observatory Kodaikanal, India, August 27September 7, 2007 / edited by S. S. Hasan, R. T. Gangadhara, V. Krishan
Author(s): S. S Hasan
R. T Gangadhara
V Krishan
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:It is well established and appreciated by now that more than 99% of the baryonic matter in the universe is in the plasma state. Most astrophysical systems could be approximated as conducting fluids in a gravitational field. It isthe combined effect o f these two that gives rise to the mind boggling variety of configurations in the form of filaments, loops , jets and arches. The plasma structures that cannot last for more than a second or less in a laboratoryremain intact for astronomical time and spat ial scales in an astrophysical setting. The case in point is the well known extragalactic jets whose collimation and stability has remained an enigma inspite of the efforts of many for manylong years. The high energy radiation sources such as the active g alactic nuclei again summon the coherent plasma radiation processes for their exceptionally large output from regions of relatively small physical sizes. The generationof magnetic field, anomalous transport of angular momentum with decisive bearing on sta r formation processes, the ubiquitous MHD turbulence under conditions irreproducible in terrestrial laboratories are some of the generic issuesstill awaiting a concerted effort for their understanding. Quantum Plasmas, pair plasmas and pair-ion plasmas ex ist under extreme conditions in planetary interiors and exotic stars. In this workshop plasma physicists, astrophysicistsand plasma astrophysicists are brought together to discuss these issues
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402088681
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Quantum theory , Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540743538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inflationary Cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Martin Lemoine
Jerome Martin
Patrick Peter
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Some 25 years after the birth of inflationary cosmology this volume sets out to provide a both authoritative and pedagogical introduction and review of the state of the field. Cosmic inflation corresponds to an episode ofaccelerated expansion of the very early universe and solves nicely a collection of puzzles that had plagued standard cosmology so far. Different scenarios exist, though, and the reader will learn about the ins and outs as thesubject and related issues are surveyed. With lectures writ ten by eminent scientists in the field, many of them having made pioneering contributrions in the early hours of the field, Inflationary Cosmology addresses both senior andyounger high-energy physicists, cosmologists and observational astrophysicists seek ing both a readable account and reference in the field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Inflationary Cosmology
Preheating After Inflation
Particle Physics Models of Inflation
Inflation in String Theory
Predictions in Eternal Inflation
Inflationary Pertrubations: the Cosmological Schwinger Effect
The Numerical Treatment of Inflationary Models
Multiple Field Inflation
The Quest for Non
Gaussianity
Production of Topological Defects at the End of Inflation
Conceptual Problems of Inflationary Cosmology and a New Approach to Cosmological Structure Formation
Index
ISBN:9783540743538
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v738
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Relativity (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540330257:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomical Image and Data Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): J.-L Starck
F Murtagh
Date:2006
Edition:2
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:With information and scale as central themes, this comprehensive survey explains how to handle real problems in astronomical data analysis using a modern arsenal of powerful techniques. It treats those innovative methods ofimage, signal, and data pro cessing that are proving to be both effective and widely relevant. The authors are leaders in this rapidly developing field and draw upon decades of experience. They have been playing leading roles ininternational projects such as the Virtual Observatory and the Grid. The book addresses not only students and professional astronomers and astrophysicists, but also serious amateur astronomers and specialists in earth observation,medical imaging, and data mining. The coverage includes chapters or appendices o n: detection and filtering image compression multichannel, multiscale, and catalog data analytical methods wavelets transforms, Picard iteration, andsoftware tools. This second edition of Starck and Murtagh's highly appreciated reference again deals with topics that are at or beyond the state of the art. It presents material which is more algorithmically oriented than mostalternatives and broaches new areas like ridgelet and curvelet transforms. Throughout the book various additions and updates have been made
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Applications and Methods
Filtering
Deconvolution
Detection
Image Compression
Multichannel Data
An Entropic Tour of Astronomical Data Analysis
Astronomical Catalog Analysis
Multiple Resolution in Data Storage and Retrieval
Towards the Virtual Observatory
Appendix A: A trous Wavelet Transform
Appendix B: Picard Iteration
Appendix C: Wavelet Transform Using the Fourier Transform
Appendix D: Derivative Needed for the Minimization
Appendix E: Generalization of the Derivative Needed for Minimization
Appendix F: Software and Related Develop
ISBN:9783540330257
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Database management , Information storage and retrieval systems , Astronomy , Mathematical statistics , Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540303138:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astrophysics Update 2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): John W Mason
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Astrophysics Updates is intended to serve the information needs of professional astronomers and postgraduate students about areas of astronomy, astrophysics and cosmology that are rich and active research spheres.Observational methods and the latest results of astronomical research are presented as well as their theoretical foundations and interrelations. The contributed commissioned articles are written by leading exponents in a format thatwill appeal to professional astronomers and astrophysicists who are interested in topics outside their own specific areas of research. This collection of timely reviews may also attract the interest of advanced amateur astronomersseeking scientifically rigorous coverage
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chemistry of Low Mass Substellar Objects
Neutron Star Structure and Fundamental Physics
Six Years of Chandra Observations of Supernova Remnants
Galaxy Collisions Dawn of a New Era
Formation and Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes
Quasars and Their Host Galaxies
Applications of Gravitational Lensing in Cosmology
The Oldest Stars
Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies
The Role of Galactic Winds in Galaxy Formation
Astronomy with Extremely Large Telescopes
ISBN:9783540303138
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387333670:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Companion to Astronomy and Astrophysics [electronic resource] Chronology and Glossary with Data Tables
Author(s): Kenneth R Lang
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Astronomy and Astrophysics is a comprehensive, fundamental, up-to-date reference book. It is filled with vital information and basic facts for amateur astronomers and professional astrophysicists, and for anyone interested in theUniverse, from the Ea rth and other planets to the stars, galaxies and beyond. Although serious and thorough, the language, and ideas will attract the general reader, as well as students and professionals. Astronomy and Astrophysicsconsists of two main parts, a Timeline and a Dictionary. The Timeline is a concise history, arranged chronologically, which provides the complete story of cosmic discovery from early Chinese and Greek astronomy to the latest findingsof modern astrophysics and robotic spacecraft. It provides a sense of destination and flow in our growing awareness of the Universe. Each entry in the unfolding narrative is written in a concise, light and friendly style that will beappreciated by all, without being weighted down with incomprehensible specialized terms. The story of science is one of individuals, as well as discoveries and ideas. So our Timeline includes the people who have made major scientificcontributions that are related to astronomy, and astrophysics. The Dictionary defines all terms and acronyms th at deal with our celestial science, from important concepts to individual objects and space missions. It is arrangedalphabetically and complemented by numerous tables of fundamental data for bright cosmic objects, including the celestial coordinates requi red to observe them. Line drawings are also used to forcefully compact a scientific insight,with clear labels and captions. An exceptionally thorough Index cross-references concepts, discoveries and individuals in both the Timeline and Dictionary. The com bined result is a unique, comprehensive, stand-alone reference volume inwhich the reader can quickly locate information, while also discovering new and unexpected knowledge. Astronomy and Astrophysics i
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387333670
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540290070:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Galaxy Formation and Evolution [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hyron Spinrad
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The evolution in the form and structure of galaxies which has taken place since the universe was in its infancy is one of the most closely studied by astrophysicists and cosmologists today. It has profound implications for ourunderstanding of how the universe itself has evolved over the past 12 billion years or so. This book will discuss the evolution of galaxies in detail, emphasising the boundaries of our knowledge about the most distant galaxies, butdemonstrating how it is possible to make importa nt comparisons between nearby galaxies and the most distant current observed. The author will also review galaxy morphology and its likely (but as yet unproven) history
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Taking the Measure of the Low
Redshift Universe
Which Properties of Galaxies can Likely Evolve (and be Measured)?
Observations of an Evolving Universe
Galaxies at the Contemporary Limits
Observational Cosmology
Astronomical Instrumentation of the Future
Briefly: Some Overall Conclusions and Problems
ISBN:9783540290070
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540282433:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar-Type Activity in Main-Sequence Stars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roald E Gershberg
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Solar-type activity over the whole range of the electromagnetic spectrum is a phenomenon inherent in the majority of low- and moderate-mass main sequence stars. In this monograph observational results are summarized in asystematic and comprehensive f ashion. The analysis of the various manifestations of such stellar activity leads to the identification of these phenomena with macroscopic non-linear processes in a magnetized plasma. Comparative study offlare stars and the Sun has become increasingly fr uitful and is presently an active field of research involving stellar and solar physicists, experts in plasma physics and high-energy astrophysicists. This book will provide them withboth an introduction and overview of observational results from the firs t optical photometry and spectroscopy, from the satellite telescopes International Ultraviolet Explorer to Hubble Space Telescope, XMM-Newton and Chandra, as wellas with the present physical interpretation of solar-type activity in main sequence stars. Ge rshberg's 40-year career studying UV Cet type stars and related objects enables him to provide readers with expert insight into thecharacteristics of such stars in both the quiescent state and during flares and the reliability of the data over the electro magnetic spectrum and wide temporal scales
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Flare Stars in a Quiescent State: General Characteristics of Flare Stars
Photospheres
Chromospheres and Transition Regions
Coronae and Stellar Winds
Heating Mechanisms for Stellar Atmospheres
Flares: General Description of Stellar Flares
Temporal Characteristics of Flares
Flare Energy
Dynamics and Radiation Mechanisms of Flares
Models of Stellar Flares
Long
Term Variations in Activity of Flare Stars: Activity Cycles
Evolutionary Changes
Conclusion: Activity and Subphotospheric Magnetic Fields
Activity and Magnetism of Stellar Atmospheres
ISBN:9783540282433
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402037481:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutrinos and Explosive Events in the Universe [electronic resource]
Author(s): Maurice M Shapiro
Todor Stanev
John P Wefel
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume contains the Lectures and selected participant contributions to the 14th Course of the International School of Cosmic Rays Astrophysics, a NATO Advanced Study Institute. Well known astrophysicists and astronomersdiscuss different aspects of the generation of high energy signals in powerful astrophysical objects concentrating on the production of neutrinos and gamma rays from high energy particle interactions. Recent results from newexperiments and observatories are presented. Topics cover a wide range including the Spitzer infrared observatory, TeV gamma ray observations, dark matter, and neutrino telescopes. The combination of basic knowledge about theproduction of high energy signals with information about the data analysis of ongoing o bservations places the book between the usual levels of a textbook and a conference proceedings. It will give the reader a good introduction to thecurrent field of astroparticle physics, and some of the fascinating astrophysics being addressed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Dedication. Preface
Contemporary Challenges in Astrophysics and Cosmology
Explosive Events and their Aftermath
High Energy Gamma Ray and Neutrino Astronomy
Energetic Particles: from the Heliosphere to the Galaxy and Beyond
Participants
Index
ISBN:9781402037481
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series, II. Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, 1568-2609 : v209
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402037252:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:White Dwarfs: Cosmological and Galactic Probes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Edward M Sion
Stphane Vennes
Harry L Shipman
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The emphasis on white dwarf stars and cosmology arises from the most recent advances in cosmological and galactic structure research in which white dwarf stars are playing a very prominent role. Examples are Type Ia supernovae(i.e. white dwarf supern ovae), the origin and evolution of the universe, the age of the galactic disk, cosmochronology using white dwarfs in globular clusters and galactic clusters, and the physics of accretion onto compact (verydense) stars. As an assisting guide to the reader, we have included, by invitation, comprehensive review articles in each of the four major areas of the book, white dwarf supernovae, cosmology, accretion physics and galactic structure.The reviews include introductory material that they build upon. The bo ok is suitable and most useful to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and scientific professionals (e.g. astronomers, astrophysicists, cosmologists,physicists)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Section I. Halo White Dwarfs and Galactic Structure
Section II. Type Ia Supernovae
Section III. Cataclysmic Variables and White Dwarf Accretion
Concluding remarks
ISBN:9781402037252
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library : v332
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400979390:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Origin and Evolution of Galaxies Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Erice, Italy, May 11–23, 1981. VIIth Course of the International School of Cosmology and Gravitation
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (372 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7939-0
Contents:Inaugural lecture -- Relativistic cosmology for astrophysicists -- Numerical cosmologies -- Grand unification and cosmology -- Theory and evidence about the origin of cosmological structure -- Adiabatic vs. isothermal: two pictures of
galaxy origin -- Structure in the universe and fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background -- Large-scale fluctuations in the mass distribution and the microwave background: nature and evolution -- Evolution of potential
perturbations after decoupling (the adiabatic scenario) -- Primordial stars — the precursors to galaxy formation -- Very massive objects and pregalactic stars -- The chemical evolution of galaxies -- Stellar dynamical processes and the
evolution of galaxies and galaxy clusters -- Disc stability and halo mass -- Evolution of faint galaxies -- Cosmological evolution of QSOs and radio galaxies -- Clusters of galaxies -- Epilogue: do we understand how galaxies formed?
ISBN:9789400979390
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nato Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 97
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:QB466.F58C46::1998 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The physics of fluids and plasmas : an introduction for astrophysicists
Author(s): Arnab Rai Choudhuri 1956-
Date:1998
Publisher:Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Size:427
ISBN:052155487X
Keywords: Fluid dynamics.
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Call number:QB36.V357F64::2007 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:James Van Allen : the first eight billion miles
Author(s): Abigail Foerstner
Date:2007
Publisher:University of Iowa Press
Size:322 p
Contents:Frontier roots -- Heartland boyhood -- The making of a scientist -- Physicists to the war effort -- Enter Abigail Fithian Halsey -- The dawn of space exploration -- The mighty little aerobee -- It's a rocket! It's a balloon! It's a rockoon! -- Sputn ik and the space race -- Countdown to explorer I -- Celebrity scientist and the birth of NASA -- Discovery of the radiation belts -- Space shield for the Cold War -- Space as a cottage industry -- The mariners -- Pioneers to the outer planets -- Space pol itics -- Journey to the edge of the solar system.
ISBN:9780877459996
Keywords: Astrophysicists
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Call number:QB36.C46W35::1991 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chandra : a biography of S. Chandrasekhar
Author(s): Kameshwar C. Wali
Date:1991
Publisher:University of Chicago Press, Chicago
Size:34132
ISBN:0226870545
Keywords: Astrophysicists Biography. United States
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