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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD BIOMEDICINE GENERAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/14726.75 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword biomedicine general ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319480817:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reviews in Plasmonics 2016
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 240 p. 109 illus., 92 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Preface -- Plasmonic Nanowire Waveguide for Deep Subwavelength Confinement, Huizhong Xu -- Plasmon-enhanced fluorescence of rare earth nanocrystals, Ya-Fang Zhang et al -- Sensing through Surface Plasmon Resonance Technique, R. K.
Gupta -- Fractal Plasmonic Nanoantennae, Ravi Sadananda Hegde -- Compact Slow-light Enhanced Plasmonic Waveguide Refractive Index Sensors, Yin Huang, Changjun Min, and Georgios Veronis -- Fabrication, Properties and Applications of
Plasmene Nanosheet, Qianqian Shi, Dashen Dong, Kae Jye Si and Wenlong Cheng -- Experimental observation of melting of the effective Minkowski spacetime in cobalt-based ferrofluids, Igor I. Smolyaninov, Vera N. Smolyaninova -- Surface
plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensors utilizing zinc oxide thin films and nanostructures, Banshi D. Gupta and Rana Tabassum -- Frontiers of Light Dynamics in Photonic Crystals, K. Senthilnathan -- LSPR Biosensing: Recent Advances
and Approaches, Pranveer Singh -- Index
ISBN:9783319480817
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Medicine , Spectroscopy , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Nanotechnology , Metals , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Nanotechnology , Spectroscopy/Spectrometry , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Metallic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783658114244:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:3D Analysis of the Myocardial Microstructure Determination of Fiber and Sheet Orientations
Author(s): Johanna Maria Ticar
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (76 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-658-11424-4
ISBN:9783658114244
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Microscopy , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Biological Microscopy , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319300306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computing Characterizations of Drugs for Ion Channels and Receptors Using Markov Models
Author(s): Aslak Tveito
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (30 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30030-6
Contents:Preface -- Background: Contents and Method -- One-dimensional calcium release -- Models of open and state blockers -- Two-dimensional calcium release -- Computing theoretical drugs in the two-dimensional case -- Generalized systems -- Calcium-induc ed calcium release -- Numerical release for CICR -- A prototypical model of an ion channel -- Inactivated ion channels -- A simple model of the sodium channel -- Mutations affecting the mean open time -- The burst mode -- Whole sale action potentials --
ISBN:9783319300306
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering: 111
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer graphics , Computer mathematics , Mathematics , Computational Science and Engineering , Biomedicine general , Computer Imaging, Vision, Pattern Recognition and Graphics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319246062:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reviews in Plasmonics 2015
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (175 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24606-2
Contents:Preface.- Surface Plasmon Polariton Assisted Optical Switching in Noble Metal Nanoparticle Systems: A Sub-Band Gap Approach, Sandip Dhara.- Modeling and interpretation of hybridization in coupled plasmonic systems, Saïd Bakhti et al.-
Radiolytically synthesized noble metal nanoparticles: Sensor applications, Nilanjal Misra et al.- Construction, Modeling, and Analysis of Transformation-Based Metamaterial Invisibility Cloaks, Branislav M. Notaroš et al.- Interaction
of Surface Plasmon Polaritons with Nanomaterials, Gagan Kumar and Prashant K Sarswat.- Ultrafast Response of Plasmonic Nanostructures, Sunil Kumar and A. K. Sood.- Graphene-based ultra-broadband slow-light system and plamonic
whispering-gallery-mode nanoresonators, Weibin Qiu.- Fano resonance in plasmonic optical antennas, Siamak Dawazdah emami et al.- Elongated nanostructured solar cells with a plasmonic core, Marcel Di Vece.- Controlled Assembly of
Plasmonic Nanostructures Templated by Porous Anodic Alumina Membranes, Xingce Fan, Qi Hao and Teng Qiu.- Origin of Shifts in the Surface Plasmon Resonance Frequencies for Au and Ag Nanoparticles, Sandip Dhara.- Quantum Plasmonics: From
Quantum Statistics to Quantum Interferences, Giuliana Di Martino.- Lasers and Plasmonics: SPR measurements of metal thin films, clusters and bio-layers, Saif Ur Rehman, Muhammad Saleem, and Ahmad Shuaib.- Plasmon assisted luminescence
in rare earth doped glasses, M. Reza Dousti, Raja J. Amjad -- Surface enhanced fluorescence by plasmonic nanostructures, Jun Dong , Hairong Zheng, Zhenglong Zhang, Wei Gao, Jihong Liu, Enjie He -- Remote spectroscopy below the
diffraction limit, James A. Hutchison, Hiroshi Uji-i.- Index
ISBN:9783319246062
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Reviews in Plasmonics : 2015
Keywords: Medicine , Spectroscopy , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Nanotechnology , Metals , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Nanotechnology , Spectroscopy/Spectrometry , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Metallic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461451280:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Distance Geometry [electronic resource] : Theory, Methods, and Applications
Author(s): Antonio Mucherino
Carlile Lavor
Leo Liberti
Nelson Maculan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Distance Geometry:Theory, Methods, and Applications is the first collection of research surveys dedicated to distance geometry and its applications. The first part of the book discusses theoretical aspects of the DistanceGeometry Problem (DGP), where the relation between DGP and other related subjects are also presented. Covered topics include distance matrix theory, Euclidean distance matrix completion, multispherical structure of distance matrices,geometric algebra, algebraic distance geometry theo ry, visualization of K-dimensional structures in the plane, graph rigidity, and theory of discretizable DGP. The second part of this volume presents mathematical and computationalproperties of methods developed to the problems discussed in the first porti on, including continuous methods (based on Gaussian and hyperbolic smoothing, difference of convex functions, semidefinite programming, branch-and-bound),discrete methods (based on branch-and-prune, geometric build-up, graph rigidity), and also heuristics methods (based on simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, tabu search, variable neighborhood search). Applications comprise thethird part of the book, which is mainly devoted to the application of DGP to NMR structure calculation. This is an important a nd strongly multidisciplinary application in biology and biomedicine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Universal Rigidity of Bar Frameworks in General Position (A. Alfakih)
2. Mixed Volume and Distance Geometry Techniques for Counting Euclidean Embeddings of Rigid Graphs (I. Emiris, E. Tsigaridas, A. Varvitsiotis)
3. (The discretizable molecular distance Geometry Problem Seems Easier on Proteins (L. Liberti, C. Lavor, A. Mucherino)
4. Spheres Unions and Intersections and Some of Their Applications in Molecular Modeling (M. Petitjean)
5. Is the Distance Geometry Problem in NP? (N. Beeker, S. Gaubert, C. Glusa, L. Liberti)
6. Solving Spatial Constraints with Generaliz
ISBN:9781461451280
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Visualization , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400739642:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Convergence of Terahertz Sciences in Biomedical Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gun-Sik Park
Yong Hyup Kim
Haewook Han
Joon Koo Han
Jaewook Ahn
Joo-Hiuk Son
Woong-Yang Park
Young Uk Jeong
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9789400739642
Series:e-books
Keywords: Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering , Biomedicine general , Biomedical Engineering , Laser Technology, Photonics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780817646196:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Models and Methods for Biomedical and Technical Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Filia Vonta
Mikhail Nikulin
Nikolaos Limnios
Catherine Huber-Carol
Date:2008
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:An outgrowth of the International Conference on Statistical Models for Biomedical and Technical Systems, this book is comprised of contributions from renowned experts, demonstrating the significance of current research ontheory, methods, and applicat ions of the field. The contributions, which deal with the mathematical aspects of survival analysis and reliability as well as other topics, are a careful selection of invited and contributed chapters,reflecting recent developments in the following areas: * Applications in epidemiology * Estimation and testing for stochastic processes * Generalizations of the Cox regression model * Probabilistic and statistical models and methods inreliability * Semi-parametric inference in survival analysis * Models and methods in survival analysis, longevity, aging, and degradation * Nonparametric estimation Goodness-of-fit tests * Accelerated life models * Quality of life* Analysis of censored data * Adaptive and repeated measurements designs * Measures of divergence, model selection, and survival models * New statistical challenges in genomics The book will be useful to a broad interdisciplinaryreadership of researchers and practitioners in applied probability and statistics, industrial statistics, biomedicine, biost atistics, and engineering. Practitioners and researchers in academia will gain insight and new ideas forexploring this fertile area of research
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Cox Models, Analyses, and Extensions
Extended Cox and Accelerated Models in Reliability, with General Censoring and Truncation
Corrected Score Estimation in the Cox Regression Model with Misclassified Discrete Covariates
A Varying
Coefficient Hazards Regression Model for Multiple Cross
Effect
Closure Properties and Diagnostic Plots for the Frailty Distribution in Proportional Hazards Models
Multivariate Survival Data With Censoring
Reliability TheoryDegradation Models
Virtual (Biological) Age Versus Chronological Age
A Competing Risks Model for Degradation and Trauma
ISBN:9780817646196
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Industry and Technology
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9788847005327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:NMR-MRI, SR and Mssbauer Spectroscopies in Molecular Magnets [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pietro Carretta
Alessandro Lascialfari
Date:2007
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The discovery of molecular nanomagnets showing novel quantum effects, as the quantum tunneling of the magnetization, has brought to a renewed interest for the study of molecular magnetism and multifunctional molecular material.These materials have re cently triggered an intense research activity in view of their possible applicabilities as, for example, as nanosized information storage units and as magnetic nanoparticles for bio-medicine. Several fundamentalaspects of the microscopic static and dynami c properties of these molecular materials have been obtained by means of spectroscopies using local probes, as nuclei and muons. In this book an extensive overview on the results obtainedduring the last decade and on recent achievements in the study of mo lecular magnets by means of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Muon Spin Rotation, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Mossbauer techniques is presented. The aim is to introducethe reader to these techniques and to give a general background on their application to mo lecular spin systems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
A short introduction to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NMR in magnetic single molecule magnets
Structure, synthesis and characterization of contrast agents for magnetic resonance molecular imaging
Basic concepts of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Phases, phase transitions and spin dynamics in strongly correlated electron systems, from antiferromagnets to HTC superconductors: NMR
NQR insights
Muon Spin Rotation
to ?SR
Muon spin rotation of organic compounds
Stochastic Landau
Zener model, and experimental estimates of dephasing time in molecular magne
ISBN:9788847005327
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Molecular structure , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Magnetism , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781489903259:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Biomechanics Solids and Fluids, Analysis and Design
Author(s): Jay D Humphrey
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (632 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0325-9
Contents:I Background -- 1. Introduction -- II Biosolid Mechanics -- 2. Stress, Strain, and Constitutive Relations -- 3. Equilibrium, Universal Solutions, and Inflation -- 4. Extension and Torsion -- 5. Beam Bending and Column Buckling -- 6.
Some Nonlinear Problems -- III Biofluid Mechanics -- 7. Stress, Motion, and Constitutive Relations -- 8. Fundamental Balance Relations -- 9. Some Exact Solutions -- 10. Control Volume and Semi-empirical Methods -- IV Closure -- 11.
Coupled Solid-Fluid Problems -- 12. Epilogue -- References -- About the Authors
ISBN:9781489903259
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Human physiology , Biochemical engineering , Biophysics , Biological physics , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Biomedical engineering , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Biomedical Engineering , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Human Physiology , Biomedicine general , Biochemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9780387218137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiple Analyses in Clinical Trials Fundamentals for Investigators
Author(s): Lemuel A Moyé
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (436 p.)
Note:10.1007/b97513
Contents:Prologue -- Fundamentals of Clinical Trial Design -- Multiple Analyses and the Random Experiment -- The Lure and Complexity of Multiple Analyses -- Multiple Analyses and Multiple Endpoints -- to Multiple Dependent Analyses I --
Multiple Dependent Analyses II -- to Composite Endpoints -- Multiple Analyses and Composite Endpoints -- to Subgroup Analyses -- Subgroups II: Effect Domination and Controversy -- Subgroups III: Confirmatory Analyses -- Multiple
Analyses and Multiple Treatment Arms -- Combining Multiple Analyses -- Conclusions: The Two-Front War
ISBN:9780387218137
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Medicine , Statistics , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Medicine/Public Health, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783642559877:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometric Methods in Bio-Medical Image Processing
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (147 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55987-7
Contents:1 Fast Methods for Shape Extraction in Medical and Biomedical Imaging -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Fast Marching Method -- 1.3 Shape Recovery from Medical Images -- 1.4 Results -- References -- 2 A Geometric Model for Image Analysis
in Cytology -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Geometric Model for Image Analysis -- 2.3 Segmentation of Nuclei -- 2.4 Segmentation of Nuclei and Cells Using Membrane-Related Protein Markers -- 2.5 Conclusions -- References -- 3 Level Set
Models for Analysis of 2D and 3D Echocardiographic Data -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 The Geometric Evolution Equation -- 3.3 The Shock-Type Filtering -- 3.4 Shape Extraction -- 3.5 2D Echocardiography -- 3.6 2D + time Echocardiography --
3.7 3D Echocardiography -- 3.8 3D + time Echocardiography -- 3.9 Conclusions -- References -- 4 Active Contour and Segmentation Models using Geometric PDE’s for Medical Imaging -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Description of the Models --
4.3 Applications to Bio-Medical Images -- 4.4 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 5 Spherical Flattening of the Cortex Surface -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Fast Marching Method on Triangulated Domains -- 5.3 Multi-Dimensional Scaling --
5.4 Cortex Unfolding -- 5.5 Conclusions -- References -- 6 Grouping Connected Components using Minimal Path Techniques -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Minimal Paths in 2D and 3D -- 6.3 Finding Contours from a Set of Connected Components Rk
-- 6.4 Finding a Set of Paths in a 3D Image -- 6.5 Conclusion -- References -- 7 Nonlinear Multiscale Analysis Models for Filtering of 3D + Time Biomedical Images -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Nonlinear Diffusion Equations for Processing
of 2D and 3D Still*Images -- 7.3 Space-Time Filtering Nonlinear Diffusion Equations -- 7.4 Numerical Algorithm -- 7.5 Discussion on Numerical Experiments -- 7.6 Preconditioning and Solving of Linear Systems -- References -- Appendix.
Color Plates
ISBN:9783642559877
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Radiology , Visualization , Mathematics , Visualization , Biomedicine general , Imaging / Radiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9781475743326:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Little Book of Time
Author(s): Klaus Mainzer
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (176 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-4332-6
Contents:1 Time in the Classical and Medieval Worldviews -- 2 Time in the Worldview of Classical Physics -- 3 Relativistic Spacetime -- 4 Time and the Quantum World -- 5 Time and Thermodynamics -- 6 Time and Life -- 7 Time and Consciousness --
8 Time in History and Culture -- Further Reading
ISBN:9781475743326
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , History , Life sciences , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , History of Science , Life Sciences, general , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781475732474:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics An Introduction
Author(s): Warren J Ewens
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (476 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-3247-4
Contents:1 Probability Theory (i): One Random Variable -- 2 Probability Theory (ii): Many Random Variables -- 3 Statistics (i): An Introduction to Statistical Inference -- 4 Stochastic Processes (i): Poisson Processes and Markov Chains -- 5
The Analysis of One DNA Sequence -- 6 The Analysis of Multiple DNA or Protein Sequences -- 7 Stochastic Processes (ii): Random Walks -- 8 Statistics (ii): Classical Estimation and Hypothesis Testing -- 9 BLAST -- 10 Stochastic
Processes (iii): Markov Chains -- 11 Hidden Markov Models -- 12 Computationally Intensive Methods -- 13 Evolutionary Models -- 14 Phylogenetic Tree Estimation -- A Basic Notions in Biology -- B Mathematical Formulae and Results -- B.1
Numbers and Intervals -- B.2 Sets and Set Notation -- B.3 Factorials -- B.4 Binomial Coefficients -- B.5 The Binomial Theorem -- B.6 Permutations and Combinations -- B.7 Limits -- B.8 Asymptotics -- B.9 Stirling’s Approximation -- B.10
Entropy as Information -- B.11 Infinite Series -- B.12 Taylor Series -- B.13 Uniqueness of Taylor series -- B.14 Laurent Series -- B.15 Numerical Solutions of Equations -- B.16 Statistical Differentials -- B.17 The Gamma Function --
B.18 Proofs by Induction -- B.19 Linear Algebra and Matrices -- C Computational Aspects of the Binomial and Generalized Geometric Distribution Functions -- D BLAST: Sums of Normalized Scores -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9781475732474
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Statistics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Biomedicine general , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461212843:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Models in Epidemiology, the Environment, and Clinical Trials
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (283 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1284-3
Contents:Sensitivity analysis for selection bias and unmeasured confounding in missing data and causal inference models -- Marginal structural models versus structural nested models as tools for causal inference -- Nonparametric locally
efficient estimation of the treatment specific survival distribution with right censored data and covariates in observational studies -- Estimation of disease rates in small areas: A new mixed model for spatial dependence -- Markov
chain Monte Carlo methods for clustering in case event and count data in spatial epidemiology -- A simulation study of the epidemiological impact of air pollution: Diagnostics of the confounding effects for generalized linear models --
The use of reference priors and Bayes factors in the analysis of clinical trials -- Surrogate endpoints in cancer clinical trials -- List of Participants
ISBN:9781461212843
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 116
Keywords: Medicine , Epidemiology , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Biomathematics , Statistics , Medicine & Public Health , Epidemiology , Biomedicine general , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Analysis , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783034889360:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fractals in Biology and Medicine
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (374 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8936-0
Contents:Fractal Design of Biological Structures and Functions -- Some Remarks on Fractals and Dynamical Systems (Classical/Stochastic) in Biology -- Dynamical Generators of Lévy Statistics in Biology -- Biological Cellular Morphometry-Fractal
Dimensions, Lacunarity and Multifractals -- Spatial Pattern Analysis using Chaos Theory: A Nonlinear Deterministic Approach to the Histological Texture of Tumours -- Asymptotic Fractals -- Special Approaches of Image Analysis to the
Measurement of Fractal Dimension -- Fractal Analysis of Landscapes in Medicine -- Fractal Regional Myocardial Blood Flows: The Anatomical Basis -- Arterial Vasomotion: Effect of Mechanical Forces and Evidence of Nonlinear Dynamics --
Dynamical Analysis of Heartbeat Interval Time Series After Cardiac Transplantation -- Low-Dimensional Chaos in Large Conductance Ca-Activated K-Channel Gating Kinetics -- p-Adic Model for Population Growth -- Evolution of Life in a
Fractal Universe -- Chromatin Structure, DNA Organisation and Nuclear Membranes -- Fractal Characterization of Nuclear Texture in Breast Cytology: Frequency and Spatial Domain Approaches -- Fractal Dimension of Perinuclear Membrane and
of Nuclear Membrane-bound Heterochromatin in Human Breast Cancer Cells Targeted by Steroid Hormones -- Fractal Analysis of Heterochromatin Nuclear Domains in Lymphocytes -- Fractal Approach to the Study of Chromatin Texture -- Fractal
Dimension of Lymphocytic Nuclear Membrane in Mycosis Fungoides and Chronic Dermatitis -- Modeling the Dynamics of Nonenzymatic and Enzymatic Nucleotide Processes by Fractal Dimension -- A Headful of T4 Coliphage DNA Packaged to
Fasces-Like Globules in Fractal Models -- Fractal Structures in Tumours and Diseases -- Complexity in Tumour Growth Patterns -- Fractal Dimension of Epithelial-Connective Tissue Interface in Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Skin -- Fractal
Geometry of the Human Renal Arterial Tree in Development, Health and Disease -- Discriminating Properties of Wide Dynamic Range Neurons by Means of Universal Multifractals -- Fractal Analysis of Nuclear Medicine Scans -- Changes in
Bone Strength during Repair Predicted by Fractal Analysis of Radiographs -- Fractal Distribution of Serosal Lymphatics -- NMR Studies of Anomalous Diffusion in Biological Tissues: Experimental Observation of Lévy Stable Processes
ISBN:9783034889360
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Life sciences , Life Sciences , Life Sciences, general , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9781461206378:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Fourier Transform in Biomedical Engineering
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (199 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0637-8
Contents:1 Introduction to the Fourier Transform -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Basic Functions -- 1.3 Sines, Cosines and Composite waves -- 1.4 Orthogonality -- 1.5 Waves in time and space -- 1.6 Complex numbers. A Mathematical Tool -- 1.7 The
Fourier transform -- 1.8 Fourier transforms in the physical world: The Lens as an FT computer -- 1.9 Blurring and convolution -- 1.10 The “Point” or “Impulse” response function. -- 1.11 Band-limited functions -- 1.12 Summary -- 1.13
Bibliography -- 2 The 1-D Fourier Transform -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Re-visiting the Fourier transform -- 2.3 The Sampling Theorem -- 2.4 Aliasing -- 2.5 Convolution -- 2.6 Digital Filtering -- 2.7 The Power Spectrum -- 2.8
Deconvolution -- 2.9 System Identification -- 2.10 Summary -- 2.11 Bibliography -- 3 The 2-D Fourier Transform -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Linear space-invariant systems in two dimensions -- 3.3 Ideal systems -- 3.4 A simple X-ray
imaging system -- 3.5 Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) -- 3.6 Image processing -- 3.7 Tomography -- 3.8 Computed Tomography -- 3.9 Summary -- 3.10 Bibliography -- 4 The Fourier Transform in Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 4.1
Introduction -- 4.2 The 2-D Fourier transform -- 4.3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 4.4 MRI -- 4.5 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging -- 4.6 Motion in MRI -- 4.7 Conclusion -- 4.8 Bibliography -- 5 The Wavelet Transform -- 5.1
Introduction -- 5.2 Time-Frequency analysis -- 5.3 Multiresolution Analysis -- 5.4 Applications -- 5.5 Summary -- 5.6 Bibliography -- 6 The Discrete Fourier Transform and Fast Fourier Transform -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 From
Continuous to Discrete -- 6.3 The Discrete Fourier Transform -- 6.4 The Fast Fourier Transform -- 6.5 Caveats to using the DFT/FFT -- 6.6 Conclusion -- 6.7 Bibliography
ISBN:9781461206378
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Fourier Analysis , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461224044:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Learning from Data Artificial Intelligence and Statistics V
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (450p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-2404-4
Contents:I Causality -- 1 Two Algorithms for Inducing Structural Equation Models from Data -- 2 Using Causal Knowledge to Learn More Useful Decision Rules from Data -- 3 A Causal Calculus for Statistical Research -- 4 Likelihood-based Causal
Inference -- II Inference and Decision Making -- 5 Ploxoma: Testbed for Uncertain Inference -- 6 Solving Influence Diagrams Using Gibbs Sampling -- 7 Modeling and Monitoring Dynamic Systems by Chain Graphs -- 8 Propagation of Gaussian
Belief Functions -- 9 On Test Selection Strategies for Belief Networks -- 10 Representing and Solving Asymmetric Decision Problems Using Valuation Networks -- 11 A Hill-Climbing Approach for Optimizing Classification Trees -- III
Search Control in Model Hunting -- 12 Learning Bayesian Networks is NP-Complete -- 13 Heuristic Search for Model Structure: The Benefits of Restraining Greed -- 14 Learning Possibilistic Networks from Data -- 15 Detecting Imperfect
Patterns in Event Streams Using Local Search -- 16 Structure Learning of Bayesian Networks by Hybrid Genetic Algorithms -- 17 An Axiomatization of Loglinear Models with an Application to the Model-Search Problem -- 18 Detecting Complex
Dependencies in Categorical Data -- IV Classification -- 19 A Comparative Evaluation of Sequential Feature Selection Algorithms -- 20 Classification Using Bayes Averaging of Multiple, Relational Rule-Based Models -- 21 Picking the Best
Expert from a Sequence -- 22 Hierarchical Clustering of Composite Objects with a Variable Number of Components -- 23 Searching for Dependencies in Bayesian Classifiers -- V General Learning Issues -- 24 Statistical Analysis fo Complex
Systems in Biomedicine -- 25 Learning in Hybrid Noise Environments Using Statistical Queries -- 26 On the Statistical Comparison of Inductive Learning Methods -- 27 Dynamical Selection of Learning Algorithms -- 28 Learning Bayesian
Networks Using Feature Selection -- 29 Data Representations in Learning -- VI EDA: Tools and Methods -- 30 Rule Induction as Exploratory Data Analysis -- 31 Non-Linear Dimensionality Reduction: A Comparative Performance Analysis -- 32
Omega-Stat: An Environment for Implementing Intelligent Modeling Strategies -- 33 Framework for a Generic Knowledge Discovery Toolkit -- 34 Control Representation in an EDA Assistant -- VII Decision and Regression Tree Induction -- 35
A Further Comparison of Simplification Methods for Decision-Tree Induction -- 36 Robust Linear Discriminant Trees -- 37 Tree Structured Interpretable Regression -- 38 An Exact Probability Metric for Decision Tree Splitting -- VIII
Natural Language Processing -- 39 Two Applications of Statistical Modelling to Natural Language Processing -- 40 A Model for Part-of-Speech Prediction -- 41 Viewpoint-Based Measurement of Semantic Similarity Between Words -- 42
Part-of-Speech Tagging from “Small” Data Sets
ISBN:9781461224044
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 112
Keywords: Statistics , Statistics , Statistics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468458206:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supercomputational Science
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (349 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5820-6
Contents:Supercomputers in the Computational Sciences -- Supercomputing on Conventional Architectures -- Supercomputing with Novel Architectures -- Good Programming Techniques I: Testing and the Life Cycle of a Software Product -- Good
Programming Techniques II: Test Case Design Methodologies -- Good Programming Techniques III: Non-Computer Based Testing -- Parallel Processing on Shared Memory Multi-User Systems -- Running FORTRAN Programmes in an OCCAM Environment
-- Numerical Recipes for Supercomputers -- The NAG Library in a Supercomputing Environment -- Computer Simulation of Plasmas -- Computational Implementation of the R-Matrix Method in Atomic and Molecular Collision Problems --
Multitasking the Householder Diagonalization Algorithm on the CRAY X-MP/48 -- Relativistic Atomic Structure Calculations I: Basic Theory and the Finite Basis Set Approximation -- Relativistic Atomic Structure Calculations II:
Computational Aspects of the Finite Basis Set Method -- Vector Processing and Parallel Processing in Many-Body Perturbation Theory Calculations for Electron Correlation Effects in Atoms and Molecules -- Electron Correlation in Small
Molecules and the Configuration Interaction Method -- Energy Minimization and Structure Factor Refinement Methods -- Molecular Dynamics Methods -- Molecular Dynamics of Protein Molecules -- Supercomputers in Drug Design -- Path
Integral Simulations of Excess Electrons in Condensed Matter -- Computational Methods in Electronic Structure Calculations of Complex Solids -- Implementation of a Numerical Sea Model on a CRAY X-MP Series Computer -- River Flood
Prediction: A Study in FORTRAN Optimization -- Supercomputing — A Forward Look -- Contributors
ISBN:9781468458206
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Microprocessors , Computer mathematics , Mathematics , Computational Science and Engineering , Processor Architectures , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461306191:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Safety, Environmental Impact, and Economic Prospects of Nuclear Fusion
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (352 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0619-1
Contents:I. Summary of General Studies on Safety, Environmental Impact and Cost of Magnetic Fusion -- Fusion Reactor Economic, Safety, and Environmental Prospects -- European Studies on Safety, Environmental Impact, and Cost of Magnetic Fusion
Power -- General Methodology of Safety Analysis/Evaluation for Fusion Energy Systems (GEMSAFE) and its Applications -- Summary of the U.S. Senior Committee on Environmental, Safety, and Economic Aspects of Magnetic Fusion Energy
(ESECOM) -- II. General Program Evaluation -- The Energy Scene in the Mid-21st Century -- Review of Plasma Physics Constraints -- The Status of Inertial Confined Fusion Research in the US -- III. Feasibility Problems -- Main Issues in
Fusion Reactor System Engineering -- Special Materials for Fusion Reactors -- Feasibility Aspects of the D-3He Fuel Cycle in Tokamak Power Reactor Plants -- Feasibility, Safety and Environmental Aspects of D-3He Fusion -- IV. Component
Related Safety and Environmental Problems -- First Wall and Blanket Safety -- Tritium Environmental Risk in Future Fusion Reactors -- V. Safety and Economy of Fusion Proto-Reactors -- Safety and Environmental Impact of ITER/NET -- Cost
Analysis of Next Step Devices and the Implications for Reactors -- Pulsed Versus Steady-State Reactor Operation in View of Safety and Economy -- VI. Panel Discussions and Conclusions -- Short Contributions: “Materials Selection for
Fusion” (G.J. Butterworth) -- “Lessons from Fission — A Personal Perspective” (E.C. Brolin) -- “Dose Limits for Fusion Reactors” (P. Rocco) -- “Public Acceptance of Nuclear Fusion” (M. Snykers) -- Panel Discussion on Safety and
Environmental Impact of Fusion Reactors -- Panel Discussion on Economic Prospects of Fusion Reactors -- Concluding Panel -- VII. Miscellanea -- Participants -- International School of Fusion Reactor Technology -- Index, including
explanation of abbreviations, acronyms, and radiological units
ISBN:9781461306191
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear fusion , Nuclear engineering , Environmental management , Physics , Nuclear Fusion , Environmental Management , Nuclear Engineering , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461305958:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Antiproton-Nucleon and Antiproton-Nucleus Interactions
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (331 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0595-8
Contents:I QCD And Theoretical Description of NN? Interaction -- Lattice QCD: why and how -- Antiproton annihilation in quantum chromodynamics -- Baryon-antibaryon nuclear interactions -- A review of NN? annihilation mechanisms -- Exclusive
production of heavy flavours in proton-antiproton collisions -- pp? annihilation into vector mesons and into ???, KK? ?, ?? and KK? in the 3P0 model -- Protonium annihilation into two mesons -- Polarization in the pp?-elastic
scattering near threshold -- Nucleon electromagnetic form-factor in the time-like region near NN? threshold -- II Experimental Aspects of NN? Scattering -- Measurement of spin parameters -- Antiproton-proton cross sections at small
momenta -- Comparison of d?/d? and Aon results in pp? scattering with model predictions -- Measurement of spin dependent observables in the p?-p elastic scattering from 450 to 700 MeV/c -- Study of the spin structure of the pp? ? nn?
channel at LEAR -- Total and differential cross sections for the reaction pp? ? ??? -- Spin observables in the reaction pp? ? ??? -- III Antinucleon-Nucleus: Theory -- Antiproton-nucleus interaction elastic scattering and atomic bound
states -- Deep antiproton annihilations on nuclei -- Antiprotonic atoms with a deformed nucleus -- Antiproton-nucleus scattering -- IV Antinucleon-Nucleus: Phenomenology and Experimental Results -- Antiprotonic atoms -- Analysis of
p?-nucleus elastic scattering and reaction cross sections with a Glauber model -- Antiproton-helium annihilation around 1 MeV -- Isospin effects in antiproton-nucleus annihilation -- Low energy antiproton interaction with Ne nuclei --
Measurement of analysing power of p?C elastic scattering at LEAR -- V Machine Developments -- LEAR in the nineties -- Participants
ISBN:9781461305958
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783642881633:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organization and Associative Memory
Author(s): Teuvo Kohonen
Date:1989
Edition:Third Edition
Size:1 online resource (312 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88163-3
Contents:1. Various Aspects of Memory -- 1.1 On the Purpose and Nature of Biological Memory -- 1.2 Questions Concerning the Fundamental Mechanisms of Memory -- 1.3 Elementary Operations Implemented by Associative Memory -- 1.4 More Abstract
Aspects of Memory -- 2. Pattern Mathematics -- 2.1 Mathematical Notations and Methods -- 2.2 Distance Measures for Patterns -- 3. Classical Learning Systems -- 3.1 The Adaptive Linear Element (Adaline) -- 3.2 The Perceptron -- 3.3 The
Learning Matrix -- 3.4 Physical Realization of Adaptive Weights -- 4. A New Approach to Adaptive Filters -- 4.1 Survey of Some Necessary Functions -- 4.2 On the “Transfer Function” of the Neuron -- 4.3 Models for Basic Adaptive Units
-- 4.4 Adaptive Feedback Networks -- 5. Self-Organizing Feature Maps -- 5.1 On the Feature Maps of the Brain -- 5.2 Formation of Localized Responses by Lateral Feedback -- 5.3 Computational Simplification of the Process -- 5.4
Demonstrations of Simple Topology-Preserving Mappings -- 5.5 Tonotopic Map -- 5.6 Formation of Hierarchical Representations -- 5.7 Mathematical Treatment of Self-Organization -- 5.8 Automatic Selection of Feature Dimensions -- 6.
Optimal Associative Mappings -- 6.1 Transfer Function of an Associative Network -- 6.2 Autoassociative Recall as an Orthogonal Projection -- 6.3 The Novelty Filter -- 6.4 Autoassociative Encoding -- 6.5 Optimal Associative Mappings --
6.6 Relationship Between Associative Mapping, Linear Regression, and Linear Estimation -- 6.7 Recursive Computation of the Optimal Associative Mapping -- 6.8 Special Cases -- 7. Pattern Recognition -- 7.1 Discriminant Functions -- 7.2
Statistical Formulation of Pattern Classification -- 7.3 Comparison Methods -- 7.4 The Subspace Methods of Classification -- 7.5 Learning Vector Quantization -- 7.6 Feature Extraction -- 7.7 Clustering -- 7.8 Structural Pattern
Recognition Methods -- 8. More About Biological Memory -- 8.1 Physiological Foundations of Memory -- 8.2 The Unified Cortical Memory Model -- 8.3 Collateral Reading -- 9. Notes on Neural Computing -- 9.1 First Theoretical Views of
Neural Networks -- 9.2 Motives for the Neural Computing Research -- 9.3 What Could the Purpose of the Neural Networks be? -- 9.4 Definitions of Artificial “Neural Computing” and General Notes on Neural Modelling -- 9.5 Are the
Biological Neural Functions Localized or Distributed? -- 9.6 Is Nonlinearity Essential to Neural Computing? -- 9.7 Characteristic Differences Between Neural and Digital Computers -- 9.8 “Connectionist Models” -- 9.9 How can the Neural
Computers be Programmed? -- 10. Optical Associative Memories -- 10.1 Nonholographic Methods -- 10.2 General Aspects of Holographic Memories -- 10.3 A Simple Principle of Holographic Associative Memory -- 10.4 Addressing in Holographic
Memories -- 10.5 Recent Advances of Optical Associative Memories -- Bibliography on Pattern Recognition -- References
ISBN:9783642881633
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Information Sciences: 8
Keywords: Medicine , Neurosciences , Computer hardware , Software engineering , Artificial intelligence , Biophysics , Biological physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Biomedicine , Neurosciences , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Computer Hardware , Software Engineering/Programming and Operating Systems , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781489934994:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fractals’ Physical Origin and Properties
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (370 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-3499-4
ISBN:9781489934994
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Medicine , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781468499810:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heavy Flavours and High-Energy Collisions in the 1–100 TeV Range
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (620 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-9981-0
Contents:Heavy Flavour Physics -- 1. Properties of B Mesons Results from ARGUS -- 2. Recent Results from CLEO on the Decay of B Mesons -- 3. B-Physics Possibilities at DO -- 4. B Meson Lifetime Measurement -- 5. Experimental Status of CP
Violation in K° ? ?? -- 6. Heavy Flavours in Photoproduction Experiments -- 7. Hadroproduction of Top for mt? mw -- 8. Heavy Flavour Production Results from UA -- 9. Masses of Heavy Flavoured Hadrons -- 10. Measuring the Chiralities of
Weak b ? c (u) Transitions in Inclusive B Meson Decays -- 11. Rare B Decays: A Window on the Standard Model and Beyond it for the 90’s -- 12. CP Violation in the B System -- 13. A Theoretical Determination of the CP Violating Phase ?00
-- 14. Possible Searches for CP Non-Conservation in Z Boson Decays -- 15. Heavy Flavour Production in High Energy Electron-Proton Collisions -- 16. The Lepton-Quark Mass Spectrum — a Guide to the Physics Beyond Standard Model -- 17.
Threshold B?B Factories -- 18. Experimental Aspects of Heavy Quark Physics at HERA -- 19. Prospects in Top Physics -- 20. Photons, Electrons and Muons in Past, Present and Future -- High Energy Physics with 1–100 TeV Proton Beams --
21. Perspectives for a new Detector at a Future Supercollider: the LAA Project -- 22. Experimentation at Supercolliders -- 23. Calorimetry in the Supercollider Era -- 24. Fast Intelligent Systems at the ELOISATRON -- 25. Review of
Experimental Results and Perspectives from UA2 at the CERN p?p Collider -- 26. Electroweak Symmetry Breaking studies at the pp Colliders of the 1990’s and Beyond -- 27. Non-Perturbative Aspects of the Higgs Sector in the Standard
Electroweak Theory -- 28. Gluino Signatures And Discovery When R-Parity Is Broken -- 29. Testing of the WW? Coupling at Future Multi-TeV pp-Colliders -- 30. Aspects of the Gluonic Production of Weakly Interacting Particles -- 31.
Excited Quarks and Leptons -- 32. Probing New Contact Interactions at Future pp, ep and e+e- Colliders -- QCD -- 33. Monte Carlo Simulation of General Hard Processes with QCD Coherence -- 34. Semihard interactions and Inelastic Cross
Section in High Energy Hadronic Collisions -- 35. The Pomeron in QCD and Experiment -- Participants
ISBN:9781468499810
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Ettore Majorana International Science Series : 44
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461305477:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Aspects of Nuclear Dynamics
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (228 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0547-7
Contents:Deep Inelastic Scaling in Nuclear and Particle Physics -- Chiral Quark/Parton Models: The Way QCD is Realized? -- Perturbative QCD, Baryons, and Baryon Resonances -- Scattering Models in Nuclear Systems -- Giant Resonances in the
Random Phase Approximation -- Superdeformation -- The Nuclear Equation of State -- Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions -- Participants
ISBN:9781461305477
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics : 209
Keywords: Medicine , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461305279:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evaluation of Advanced Semiconductor Materials by Electron Microscopy
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (412p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0527-9
Contents:High Resolution Electron Microscopy -- HREM of Edge-on Interfaces and Defects -- Image Processing Applied to HRTEM Images of Interfaces -- II-VI Semiconductor Interfaces -- High Resolution Electron Microscopy Study of Indium
Distribution in InAs/GaAs Multilayers -- Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction -- Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction Studies of Defects, Strains and Composition Profiles in Semiconductors -- HOLZ Diffraction from Semiconductor
Superlattices -- Determination of Composition and Ionicity by Critical Voltage and Other Electron Diffraction Methods -- Measurement of Structure-Factor Phases by Electron Diffraction for the Study of Bonding in Non-Centrosymmetric
Semiconductors -- X-ray and Electron Energy Loss Microanalysis -- EDX and EELS Studies of Segregation in STEM -- Cathodoluminescence and Electron Beam Induced Conductivity -- TEM-Cathodoluminescence Study of Single and Multiple Quantum
Wells of MBE Grown GaAs/AlGaAs -- EBIC Studies of Individual Defects in Lightly Doped Semiconductors CdTe as an Example -- Schottky Barriers -- Electronic Structure and Fermi Level Pinning Obtained with Spatially Resolved Electron
Energy Loss Scattering -- Epitaxial NiSi2 and CoSi2 Interfaces -- Further Analysis of Interfaces -- The Fresnel Method for the Characterisation of Interfaces -- Strains and Misfit Dislocations at Interfaces --
Ordering/decomposition/analysis of local strains -- TEM and STEM Observations of Composition Variations in III-V Semiconductors -- Transmission Electron Microscopy and Transmission Electron Diffraction Studies of Atomic Ordering in
Group III-V Compound Semiconductor Alloys -- Elastic Relaxation and TEM Image Contrasts in Thin Composition-Modulated Semiconductor Crystals -- Surface Microscopy and Diffraction -- Surface and Thin Film Growth Studied by Reflection
High Energy Electron Diffraction -- Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM) and Photoemission Microscopy (PEEM) of Semiconductor Surfaces -- Transmission Electron Microscopy of In-Situ Deposited Films on Silicon -- Surface Studies by SEM
and STEM -- Transmission and Reflection Electron Microscopy on Cleaved Edges of III-V Multilayered Structures -- Defects in Heteroepitaxy -- Dislocation Generation and Elimination in GaAs on Si -- The Microstructure of GaAs/Si Films
Studied as a Function of Heat Treatment -- Electron Microscopy of Gex Sil-x/Si Strained Layer Superlattices -- Defect Structure in Low and High Misfit Systems -- In-Situ Electron Microscope Studies of Misfit Dislocation Introduction
into Gex Sil-x/Si Heterostructures -- Misfit Dislocations in Inx Gal-x As/GaAs Heterostructures near the Critical Thickness -- Summary of Discussion on Instrumental Requirements for the Evaluation of Advanced Semiconductors by Electron
Microscopy
ISBN:9781461305279
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 203
Keywords: Medicine , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400954922:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Modelling in Biomedicine Optimal Control of Biomedical Systems
Author(s): Y Cherruault
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (258 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5492-2
Contents:0 Introduction -- 1 General Remarks on Modelling -- 1.1 Definitions -- 1. 2 The main techniques for modeling -- 1.3 Difficulties in modeling -- 2 Identification and Control in Linear Compartmental Analysis -- 2.1 The identification
problem -- 2.2 The uniqueness problem -- 2.3 Numerical methods for identification -- 2.4 About the non-linear case -- 2.5 Optimization techniques -- 3 Optimal Control in Compartmental Analysis -- 3.1 General considerations -- 3.2 A
first explicit approach -- 3.3 The general solution -- 3.4 Numerical method -- 3.5 Optimal control in non-linear cases -- 4 Relations Between dose and Effect -- 4.1 General considerations -- 4.2 The non-linear approach -- 4.3 Simple
functional model -- 4.4 Optimal therapeutics -- 4.5 Numerical results -- 4.6 Non-linear compartment approach -- 4.7 Optimal therapeutics using a linear approach -- 4.8 Optimal control in a compartmental model with time lag -- 5 General
Modelling in Medicine -- 5.1 The problem and the corresponding model -- 5.2 The identification problem -- 5.3 A simple method for defining optimal therapeutics -- 5.4 The Pontryagin method -- 5.5 A simplified technique giving a
sub-optimum -- 5.6 A naive but useful method -- 6 Blood Glucose Regulation -- 6.1 Identification of parameters in dogs -- 6.2 The human case -- 6.3 Optimal control for optimal therapeutics -- 6.4 Optimal control problem involving
several criteria -- 7 Integral Equations in Biomedicine -- 7.1 Compartmental analysis -- 7.2 Integral equations from biomechanics -- 7.3 Other applications of integral equations -- 8 Numerical Solution of Integral Equations -- 8.1
Linear integral equations -- 8.2 Numerical techniques for non-linear integral equations -- 8.3 Identification and optimal control using integral equations -- 8.4 Optimal control and non-linear integral equations -- 9 Problems Related
to Partial Differential Equations -- 9.1 General remarks -- 9.2 Numerical resolution of partial differential equations -- 9.3 Identification in partial differential equations -- 9.4 Optimal control with partial differential equations
-- 9.5 Other approaches for optimal control -- 9.6 Other partial differential equations -- 10 Optimality in Human Physiology -- 10.1 General remarks -- 10.2 A mathematical model for thermo-regulation -- 10.3 Optimization of pulmonary
mechanics -- 10.4 Conclusions -- 11 Errors in Modelling -- 11.1 Compartmental modeling -- 11.2 Sensitivity analysis -- 12 Open Problems in Biomathematics -- 12.1 Biological systems with internal delay -- 12.2 Biological systems
involving retroaction -- 12.3 Action of two (or more) drugs in the human organism -- 12.4 Numerical techniques for global optimization -- 12.5 Biofeedback and systems theory -- 12.6 Optimization of industrial processes -- 12.7
Optimality in physiology -- 13 CONCLUSIONS -- Appendix — The Alienor program -- References
ISBN:9789400954922
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematics and Its Applications : 23
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical models , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642688775:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biophysics
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (941 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-68877-5
Contents:1 The Structure of Cells (Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes) -- 1.1 Characteristics of Cells -- 1.2 Cell Organelles -- 1.3 Nuclear and Cell Division -- 1.4 Evolution of the Eucyte -- 1.5 Viruses and Bacteriophages -- 2 The Chemical Structure of
Biologically Important Macromolecules -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Nucleic Acids and Their Structure -- 2.3 Proteins and Their Structure -- 3 Structure Determination of Biomolecules by Physical Methods -- 3.1 Size and Shape -- 3.2
Internal Structure -- 3.3 Electron-spin Resonance Spectroscopy -- 3.4 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy -- 4 Intra- and Intermolecular Interactions -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Primary Structure -- 4.3 Interactions Between
Structural Units -- 4.4 Charge-transfer Reaction in Biomolecules -- 4.5 Conformational Transitions in Biopolymers -- 4.6 Polar Interactions, Hydration, Proton Conduction and Conformation of Biological Systems — Infrared Results -- 4.7
Debye-Hückel Theory (Forces between Molecules in Solution) -- 4.8 Polyelectrolytes and Their Interaction -- 5 Mechanisms of Energy Transfer -- 5.1 Photophysics and Photochemistry. General Principles -- 5.2 Energy Transfer Mechanisms --
6 Radiation Biophysics. Ernst-Georg Niemann -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Radiation and Its Measurement -- 6.3 Description and Interpretation of Radiation Action -- 6.4 Molecular Effects of Radiation -- 6.5 Radiation Effects on
Biomolecules and Molecular Structures -- 6.6 Radiation Effects on Cells and Organisms -- 6.7 Radiation Hazards and Radiation Protection -- 7 Isotope Methods Applied in Biology -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Stable and Radioactive Isotopes
-- 7.3 Isotope Effects -- 7.4 Analytic Isotope Application -- 7.5 Some Examples for the Application of Isotopes -- 8 Energetic and Statistical Relations -- 8.1 General -- 8.2 Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics -- 8.3 Energy Flux, ATP,
Transfer Potentials and Coupled Reactions -- 8.4 Statistical Interpretation of Thermodynamic Quantities -- 8.5 Theory of Absolute Reaction Rates -- 8.6 Irreversible Thermodynamics — An Overview -- 8.7 Biological Energy Conservation --
9 Enzymes as Biological Catalysts -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 How do Enzymes work? -- 9.3 How Are Enzymes Regulated? -- 9.4 Protein Structure (Globular Proteins) -- 9.5 Examples -- 9.6 Structural Organization of Proteins -- 10 The
Biological Function of Nucleic Acids -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 DNA Replication -- 10.3 Gene Expression -- 10.4 Regulation of Gene Expression -- 11 Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Self-assembly -- 11.1 General Features -- 11.2 Linear
Association -- 11.3 Equilibrium -- 11.4 Kinetics -- 11.5 Size Distribution and Length Determination -- 11.6 Other Effects -- 12 Membranes -- 12.1 Biomembrane Models -- 12.2 Physical Foundations of the Molecular Organization and
Dynamics of Membranes -- 12.3 Membrane Potentials -- 12.4 Control of Differentiation and Growth by Endogenous Electric Currents -- 12.5 Transport of Matter Through Biological Membranes -- 12.6 Biophysics of Respiratory Gas Transport --
13 Photobiophysics -- 13.1 Photosynthesis -- 13.2 Photomorphogenesis -- 13.3 Bioluminescence -- 14 Biomechanics -- 14.1 The Molecular Physiology of Contractivity and Motility -- 14.2 The Biophysics of Locomotion on Land -- 14.3 The
Biophysics of Locomotion in Water -- 14.4 Th Biophysics of Locomotion in Air -- 14.5 Biostatics -- 14.6 Biomechanics of the Cardiovascular System -- 14.7 Water and Solute Movement in Plants -- 15 Neurobiophysics -- 15.1 Excitation, its
Conduction and Synaptic Transmission -- 15.2 Biophysics of Sensory Mechanisms -- 16 Cybernetics -- 16.1 Information Theory and Communication Theory -- 16.2 Introduction into Cybernetics of Orientation Behavior -- 16.3 System Theory of
Perception Processes -- 16.4 Systems Analytical Behavioral Research: as Illustrated with the Fly -- 16.5 Aspects on Biophysics of Biological Oscillations -- 17 Evolution -- 17.1 Self-organization of Matter and Early Evolution of Life
-- 17.2 From Biological Macromolecules to Protocells - The Principle of Early Evolution -- 17.3 Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Living Systems
ISBN:9783642688775
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Keywords: Physics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Applied and Technical Physics , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9783642455179:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of Neural Networks
Author(s): Uwe an der Heiden
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (164 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45517-9
Contents:1. The general form of a neural network -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The transformation of impulse frequencies into generator potentials (intercellular transmission) -- 1.3 The transformation of generator potentials into impulse
frequencies (intracellular transmission) -- 1.4 Structures of neural networks -- 2. On the relations between several models for neural networks -- 2.1 The retinal network of Limulus polyphemus the Hartline-Ratliff equations -- 2.2 A
statistical approach: activities in coupled neuron pools models of Cowan, Feldman, Wilson -- 2.3 Discrete models -- 3. Existence and uniqueness of time dependent solutions -- 4. Steady states of finite-dimensional networks -- 4.1
Existence problem -- 4.2 The number of steady states -- 4.3 Input-output behavior of stationary networks -- 4.4 An example of spatial hysteresis -- 5. Local stability analysis of nets with finitely many neurons -- 5.1 Introduction --
5.2 The linearization principle -- 5.3 Some simple general criteria for asymptotic stability -- 5.4 Single neurons -- 5.5 Pairs of neurons -- 5.6 Closed chains of neurons -- 6. Oscillations in nets with finitely many neurons -- 6.1
Introduction -- 6.2 Oscillations in closed chains of neurons -- 6.3 Oscillations in systems with delays -- 7. Homogeneous tissues with lateral excitation or lateral inhibition -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 The model -- 7.3 Stationary
solutions and their stability -- 7.4 Thresholds in bistable tissues -- 7.5 Traveling fronts -- 7.6 Diverging pairs of fronts (spread of excitation or depression) -- 8. Homogeneous tissues with lateral excitation and self-inhibition --
8.1 The model -- 8.2 Bulk oscillations -- 8.3 Traveling pulses (solitary waves) -- 8.4 Traveling wave trains -- 9. Homogeneous tissues with lateral inhibition and self- or local excitation -- 9.1 The model -- 9.2 Periodic spatial
patterns -- 9.3 Stability -- 9.4 Miscellaneous topics -- References -- List of symbols
ISBN:9783642455179
Series:eBooks
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Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 35
Keywords: Medicine , Neurosciences , Biomathematics , Biomedicine , Neurosciences , Mathematical and Computational Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1979-9781461299707:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:German-Jewish Pioneers in Science 1900–1933 Highlights in Atomic Physics, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Author(s): David Nachmansohn
Date:1979
Size:1 online resource (392 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-9970-7
Contents:I. Historical Background -- A. The Rise of Science in Germany -- B. Entrance of Jews into German Science -- II. Atomic Physics in the Early Twentieth Century -- A. Developments in Physics in the Late Nineteenth Century -- B. The
Period Before World War I -- C. The Twenties -- D. The Lives of Franck and Born Gustav Hertz -- E. Effects on Philosophy and Epistemology -- F. The Effects on Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Other Fields -- G. The Late Nineteen-Twenties
Rise of the Nazi Movement -- H. Nuclear Fission -- I. Nuclear Energy and the Atom Bomb -- III. Developments in Chemistry and Physiology in the Nineteenth Century -- A. Chemistry -- B. Physiology -- IV. Chemistry and Biochemistry in the
Early 20th Century. The Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes in Berlin-Dahlem -- A. Fritz Haber (1868–1934) -- B. Richard Willstätter (1872–1942) -- C. Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883–1970) -- D. Otto Meyerhof (1884–1951) -- E. Carl Neuberg
(1877–1956) -- F. Gustav Embden (1874–1933) -- G. General Growth of German Biochemistry -- H. Reflections on the Roots and Fruits of the Collaboration between German and Jewish Scientists -- V. Worldwide Effects on Biochemistry Due to
Nazi Persecution -- A. Hans A. Krebs (1900- ) -- B. Severo Ochoa (1905- ) -- G. Rudolf Schoenheimer (1898–1941) -- D. Ernst B. Chain (1906- ) -- E. Collaboration between German and Israeli Scientists -- Concluding Remarks: Science and
Society -- References
ISBN:9781461299707
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Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Medicine , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Medicine/Public Health, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642964695:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1978
Edition:Second Enlarged Edition
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96469-5
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables --
2.10*Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s
Formula -- 2.15*Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2* Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5* An
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3* Joint Probability and Paths. Markov
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4* How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation
for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7* The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8* Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9* Theorems about Solutions of the Master
Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11*Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2* Critical Points
and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3* Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5* Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of
Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2* Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5
Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6* Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order
Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck
Equation -- 7.5* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7* Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations
for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8* Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9* Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10*Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.1 l*Hard-Mode
Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5
The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9
Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The
Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1
Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator
-- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7* Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator
Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary
Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What
is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Further Examples of Chaotic
Motion -- 13. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading and Comments
ISBN:9783642964695
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Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 1
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642963940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamic Network Analysis of Biological Systems
Author(s): J Schnakenberg
Date:1977
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96394-0
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Models -- 2.1 The Purpose and Nature of Models -- 2.2 Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions and the Michaelis-Menten Kinetics -- 2.3 Transport Across Membranes: A Black-Box Approach -- 2.4 Excitation of the Nervous
Membrane: Hodgkin-Huxley Equations -- 2.5 A Cooperative Model for Nerve Excitation -- 2.6 The Volterra-Lotka Model -- 2.7 A Model for the Control of Metabolic Reaction Chains -- 3. Thermodynamics -- 3.1 Thermodynamics Systems -- 3.2
The First Law of Thermodynamics -- 3.3 The Second Law of Thermodynamics -- 3.4 Temperature and Transfer of Heat -- 3.5 Chemical Potential and the Transfer of Matter -- 3.6 Chemical Reactions -- 3.7 Some Basic Relations of Equilibrium
Thermodynamics -- 3.8 Perfect Gases and Ideal Mixtures -- 3.9 Linear Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 4. Networks -- 4.1 Network Language and Its Processes -- 4.2 Storage Elements: Generalized Capacitances -- 4.3 Kirchhoff’s Current Law
and the 0-Junction -- 4.4 Unimolecular Reactions -- 4.5 Higher-Order Reactions, Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law and the 1-Junction -- 4.6 Diffusion -- 5. Networks for Transport Across Membranes -- 5.1 Pore Models -- 5.2 Pore Blocking -- 5.3
Self-Blocking of Pores -- 5.4 Carrier Models -- 5.5 Active Transport -- 5.6 Hodgkin-Huxley Equations and the Coupling of Material and Electric Flux -- 5.7 Nernst-Planck Equations -- 6. Feedback Networks -- 6.1 Autocatalytic Feedback
Loops -- 6.2 An Autocatalytic Excitation Model -- 6.3 Networks of Al-Elements -- 6.4 Limit Cycle Networks -- 7. Stability -- 7.1 Capacitances as Thermodynamic Equilibrium Systems -- 7.2 Stability of the Equilibrium State -- 7.3
Tellegen’s Theorem and Liapunov Stability of the EquilibriumH -- 7.4 Glansdorff-Prigogine Criterion for the Stability of Nonequilibrium Steady States -- 7.5 Uniqueness of Steady States -- 7.6 Globally and Asymptotically Stable Networks
-- 7.7 Global Stability Techniques -- References
ISBN:9783642963940
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Keywords: Life sciences , Life Sciences , Life Sciences, general , Biomedicine general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642963636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self- Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1977
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96363-6
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilites -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables -- 2.10
Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s Formula --
2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An Approach to
Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov Processes. The
Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in
Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10
The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in
a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thom’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance
and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5 Time-Dependent Solutions of
the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization --
7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of
Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8
Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1
Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with
Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierachy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard
and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution
-- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2
Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical
Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment ofthe Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8
Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis
-- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments
ISBN:9783642963636
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Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642930713:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measuring Selection in Natural Populations
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (566 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93071-3
Contents:1. Study of Selection -- Estimation of mating cycle components of selection in plants -- Population genetics of Zoarces viviparus (L.), a review -- A study of sexual selection in natural populations of the milkweed beetle, Tetraopes
tetraophthalmus -- How does the genome congeal? -- Attempts to measure selection by altering gene frequencies in natural populations -- Genetic variance for viability and linkage disequilibrium in natural populations of Drosophila
melanogaster -- Sexual selection and the evolution of territoriality in birds -- Functional aspects of genetic variation -- On conditional inference for deviation from Hardy-Weinberg distribution -- 2. Study of Polymorphism --
Selection and neutrality -- Protein evolution: Nonrandom patterns in related species -- Polymorphism, selection, and multi-locus heterozygosity in the plaice, Pleuronectes platessa L. -- Hidden heterogeneity among electrophoretic
alleles -- Natural selection and the ?-GPDH locus in Drosophilidae -- Nonrandom associations between allozymes in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster -- Polymorphism for the number of genes coding for salivary amylase in the
bank vole, Clethrionomys glareola -- A geometric formulation of the stability condition at a triallelic locus -- A general model to account for enzyme variation in natural populations. IV The quantitative genetics of viability mutants
-- 3. Sex and Evolution -- The sex habit in plants and animals -- Evolution of the sex ratio in the wood lemming, Myopus schisticolor -- Population genetics, demography and the sex ratio -- A comparative study on enzyme polymorphisms
in sympatric diploid and polyploid populations of Lumbricillus lineatus (O.F.M.), Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta -- Selection and genetic differentiation in parthogenetic populations -- 4. Ecology and Evolution -- Cactus-breeding
Drosophila — A system for the measurement of natural selection -- Test of the hypothesis that migration balances selection in differentiated subpopulations of Spirorbis borealis -- The selection regime of Philaneus spumarius (L.)
(Homoptera) -- Effects of a virus on competition and selection in barley -- Selection and interspecific competition -- Coevolution in ecological systems: Results from “loop analysis” for purely density-dependent coevolution -- 5. Human
Evolution -- Selection and non-Mendelian variability -- Estimation of the characteristics of rare variants -- The genetics of HLA and disease associations
ISBN:9783642930713
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Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 19
Keywords: Medicine , Life sciences , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642930614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Selection in One- and Two-Locus Systems
Author(s): Thomas Nagylaki
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (210 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93061-4
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Asexual Haploid Populations -- 2.1 Selection -- 2.2 Mutation and Selection -- 2.3 Migration and Selection -- 2.4 Continuous Model with Overlapping Generations -- 2.5 Problems -- 3. Panmictic Populations -- 3.1
The Hardy-Neinberg Law -- 3.2 X-Linkage -- 3.3 Two Loci -- 3.4 Population Subdivision -- 3.5 Problems -- 4. Selection at an Autosomal Locus -- 4.1 Formulation for Multiple Alleles -- 4.2 dynamics with Two Alleles -- 4.3 Dynamics with
Multiple Alleles -- 4.4 Two Alleles with Inbreeding -- 4.5 Variable Environments -- 4.6 Intra-Family Selection -- 4.7 Maternal Inheritance -- 4.8 Meiotic Drive\ -- 4.9 Mutation and Selection -- 4.10 Continuous Model with Overlapping
Generations -- 4.11 Problems -- 5. Nonrandom Mating -- 5.1 Seifing with Selection -- 5.2 Assortative Mating with Multiple Alleles and Distinguishable Genotypes -- 5.3 Assortative Mating with Two Alleles and Complete -- Dominance -- 5.4
Random Mating with Differential Fertility -- 5.5 Self-Incompatibility Alleles -- 5.6 Vollen and Zygote Elimination -- 5.7 Problems -- 6. Migration and Selection -- 6.1 The Island Model -- 6.2 General Analysis -- 6.3 The Levene Model --
6.4 Two Diallelic Niches -- 6.5 Problems -- 7. X-Linkage -- 7.1 Formulation for Multiallelic Selection and Mutation -- 7.2 Selection with Two Alleles -- 7.3 Mutation-Selection Balance -- 7.4 Problems -- 8. Two Loci -- 8.1 General
Formulation for Multiple Loci -- 8.2 Analysis for Two Multiallelic Loci -- 8.3 Two Diallelic Loci -- 8.4 Continuous Model with Overlapping Generations -- 8.5 Problems -- References
ISBN:9783642930614
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Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 15
Keywords: Medicine , Life sciences , Mathematics , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9783642962707:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Mathematics for Life Scientists
Author(s): Edward Batschelet
Date:1975
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (646 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96270-7
Contents:1. Real Numbers -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Classification and Measurement -- 1.3 A Problem with Percentages -- 1.4 Proper and Improper Use of Percentages -- 1.5 Algebraic Laws -- 1.6 Relative Numbers -- 1.7 Inequalities -- 1.8 Mean
Values -- 1.9 Summation -- 1.10 Powers -- 1.11 Fractional Powers -- 1.12 Calculations with Approximate Numbers -- *1.13 An Application -- 1.14 Survey -- Problems for Solution -- 2. Sets and Symbolic Logic -- 2.1 “New Mathematics” --
2.2 Sets -- 2.3 Notations and Symbols -- 2.4 Variable Members -- 2.5 Complementary Set -- 2.6 The Union -- 2.7 The Intersection -- *2.8 Symbolic Logic -- *2.9 Negation and Implication -- *2.10 Boolean Algebra -- Problems for Solution
-- 3. Relations and Functions -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Product Sets -- 3.3 Relations -- 3.4 Functions -- 3.5 A Special Linear Function -- 3.6 The General Linear Function -- *3.7 Linear Relations -- Problems for Solution -- 4. The
Power Function and Related Functions -- 4.1 Definitions -- 4.2 Examples of Power Functions -- 4.3 Polynomials -- 4.4 Differences -- 4.5 An Application -- 4.6 Quadratic Equations -- Problems for Solution -- 5. Periodic Functions -- 5.1
Introduction and Definition -- 5.2 Angles -- 5.3 Polar Coordinates -- 5.4 Sine and Cosine -- 5.5 Conversion of Polar Coordinates -- 5.6 Right Triangles -- 5.7 Trigonometric Relations -- *5.8 Polar Graphs -- *5.9 Trigonometric
Polynomials -- Problems for Solution -- 6. Exponential and Logarithmic Functions I -- 6.1 Sequences -- 6.2 The Exponential Function -- 6.3 Inverse Functions -- 6.4 The Logarithmic Functions -- 6.5 Applications -- *6.6 Scaling -- *6.7
Spirals -- Problems for Solution -- 7. Graphical Methods -- 7.1 Nonlinear Scales -- 7.2 Semilogarithmic Plot -- 7.3 Double-Logarithmic Plot -- *7.4 Triangular Charts -- *7.5 Nomography -- *7.6 Pictorial Views -- Problems for Solution
-- 8. Limits -- 8.1 Limits of Sequences -- 8.2 Some Special Limits -- 8.3 Series -- 8.4 Limits of Functions -- *8.5 The Fibonacci Sequence -- Problems for Solution -- 9. Differential and Integral Calculus -- 9.1 Growth Rates -- 9.2
Differentiation -- 9.3 The Antiderivative -- 9.4 Integrals -- 9.5 Integration -- 9.6 The Second Derivative -- 9.7 Extremes -- 9.8 Mean of a Continuous Function -- 9.9 Small Changes -- *9.10 Techniques of Integration -- Problems for
Solution -- 10. Exponential and Logarithmic Functions II -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Integral of 1/x -- 10.3 Properties of ln x -- 10.4 The Inverse Function of In x -- 10.5 The General Definition of a Power -- 10.6 Relationship
between Natural and Common Logarithms -- 10.7 Differentiation and Integration -- 10.8 Some Limits -- 10.9 Applications -- 10.10 Approximations and Series Expansions -- *10.11 Hyperbolic Functions -- Problems for Solution -- 11.
Ordinary Differential Equations -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Geometric Interpretation -- 11.3 The Differential Equation y? = ay -- 11.4 The Differential Equation y?= ay+b -- 11.5 The Differential Equation y? = ay2+by+c -- 11.6 The
Differential Equation dy/dx = k y/x -- 11.7 A System of Linear Differential Equations -- 11.8 A System of Nonlinear Differential Equations -- * 11.9 Classification of Differential Equations -- Problems for Solution -- 12. Functions of
Two or More Independent Variables -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Partial Derivatives -- 12.3 Maxima and Minima -- * 12.4 Partial Differential Equations -- Problems for Solution -- 13. Probability -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Events --
13.3 The Concept of Probability -- 13.4 The Axioms of Probability Theory -- 13.5 Conditional Probabilities -- 13.6 The Multiplication Rule -- 13.7 Counting -- 13.8 Binomial Distribution -- 13.9 Random Variables -- 13.10 The Poisson
Distribution -- 13.11 Continuous Distributions -- Problems for Solution -- 14. Matrices and Vectors -- 14.1 Notations -- 14.2 Matrix Algebra -- 14.3 Applications -- 14.4 Vectors in Space -- 14.5 Applications -- 14.6 Determinants --
14.7 Inverse of a Matrix -- 14.8 Linear Dependence -- 14.9 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors -- Problems for Solution -- 15. Complex Numbers -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 The Complex Plane -- 15.3 Algebraic Operations -- 15.4 Exponential and
Logarithmic Functions of Complex Variables -- 15.5 Quadratic Equations -- 15.6 Oscillations -- Problems for Solution -- Appendix (Tables A to K) -- Solutions to Odd Numbered Problems -- References -- Author and Subject Index
ISBN:9783642962707
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9783642808852:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics and Mathematics of the Nervous System Proceedings of a Summer School organized by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, and the Institute for Information Sciences, University of Tübingen, held at Trieste, August 21–31, 1973
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (586 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-80885-2
Contents:I Physics and Mathematics in the Biological Context -- Catastrophe Geometry in Physics and Biology -- Some Limitations Affecting Physics and Mathematics as Applied to Biology and Especially to the Nervous System -- II Molecule and
Brain -- An Integral Physico-chemical Model for Bioexcitability -- Molecular Information Processing in the Central Nervous System -- Discrete and Continuous Processes in Computers and Brains -- III Cellular and Sensory Biophysics --
Postsynaptic Cell Characteristics Determining Membrane Potential Changes -- Limitations to Single-photon Sensitivity in Vision -- Visual Sensitivity -- Detection of Form and Pattern by Retinal Neurones -- Auditory Processing in the
Nervous System -- IV Network Physiology -- Neural Networks and the Brain -- Cerebellar Morphology and Physiology: Introductory Remarks -- Can Neurons Develop Responses to Objects? -- On the Representation of Objects and Their Relations
in the Brain -- Report on the Discussion Group on “Living Neural Nets” -- V Artificial Intelligence and Natural Behavior -- Complexity of Automata, Brains, and Behavior -- Model Neuron Based on the Josephson Effect -- Adequate
Locomotion Strategies for an Abstract Organism in an Abstract Environment - A Relational Approach to Brain Function -- The Artificial Intelligence/Psychology Approach to the Study of the Brain and Nervous System -- VI Molecular and
Modifiable Automata -- Cellular Automata -- On Turing Machines with Modifications -- Chemical Automata in Homogeneous and Reaction-Diffusion Kinetics -- Molecular Automata -- Structural and Dynamical Redundancy -- Modifiable Automata
with Tolerance: A Model of Learning -- VII The Approach From Information Theory -- Redundancy and Perception -- Sensory Coding and Economy of Nerve Impulses -- An Algorithmic Approach to Information Theory -- Information Theory and
Learning in Biology: Summary of the Workgroup Sessions -- VIII Dynamical and Chemical Systems -- Mathematical Models and Bifurcation Theory in Biology -- Biochemical Kinetics -- Geometrical Aspects of the Pseudo Steady State Hypothesis
in Enzyme Reactions -- A Synthetic Approach to Exotic Kinetics (With Examples) -- Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9783642808852
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 4
Keywords: Mathematics , Life sciences , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Physics, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9783642454554:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Problems in Biology Victoria Conference
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45455-4
Contents:Measurement processes and hierarchical organization -- Analysis of wave propagation in cilia and flagella -- Mathematical bioeconomics -- Models of large-scale nervous activityr -- Strategy for a predator with a mimicking prey --
Finite difference methods for the numerical solution of the Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations -- Habitat selection and a Liapunov function -- Aspects of evolutionary theory and the theory of games -- Coexistence of species in a discrete
system -- Asymptotic behavior and stability in epidemic models -- Resilience and stability as shown by models of ecological systems -- Thresholds for deterministic epidemics -- Dynamic analysis in “soft science” studies: In defense of
difference equations -- Probabilistic limit cycles -- Oscillations in biochemistry -- A simple test for tag recapture estimation -- Are species association coefficients really necessary? -- A model of morphogenesis -- Flagellar growth
-- Some remarks on random sets mosaics -- Qualitative behavior of stochastic epidemics -- Stochastic models for cell proliferation -- Instructional lecture on mathematical techniques -- Anomalous diffusion through membranes -- The role
of age structure in the dynamics of interacting populations -- Some consequences of stochasticizing an ecological system model -- Competition on an environmental gradient -- Morphogenesis in sand dollar embryos -- Ecological and
economic markets -- Some stochastic growth processes -- Derivation of the equation for concentration profiles in a binary diffusing system -- An economic model of population growth and competition in natural communities -- Wavelike
activity in biological and chemical media -- Mathematics and Biology -- Some Problems Posed at the Conference -- A Bibliography of Mathematical Biology
ISBN:9783642454554
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 2
Keywords: Medicine , Life sciences , Biomathematics , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1972-9781468426281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science of Life Contributions of Biology to Hunman Welfare
Author(s):
Date:1972
Size:1 online resource (358 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2628-1
Contents:I. Introduction -- II. Basic Biomedicine -- Speed of application -- Reproductive physiology -- Regulatory mechanisms -- The lungs -- The hormones, insulin and diabetes -- Hormones and ulcers -- Neurophysiology and mental diseases --
Cardiovascular diseases -- Comparative physiology -- Macromolecules and DNA -- The proteins -- Enzymes -- Biosynthesis -- Metabolic events -- Energy -- The molecular basis of disease -- Rational design of drugs -- Application of basic
knowledge -- Selected additional reading -- III. Clinical Medicine -- Infectious diseases -- Parasitic diseases -- Community health and epidemiology -- Military research contributions -- Drugs -- Immunology -- Transplantation --
Anesthesiology -- Surgery -- Cardiovascular surgery -- Cardiovascular disease -- Renal disease -- Pulmonary disease -- Hematology -- Endocrinology -- Medical genetics -- Pediatrics -- Obstetrics and gynecology -- Geriatrics --
Nutrition -- Neurology -- Psychiatry -- Ophthalmology -- Otorhinolaryngology -- Radiology -- Nuclear medicine -- Bioengineering -- Automation -- Rehabilitation -- Conclusion -- Selected additional reading -- IV. Dental Science --
Dental decay -- Periodontal disease -- Other clinical considerations -- Delivery of dental services -- Dental materials -- Orthodontics -- Surgical orthodontics -- Maxillofacial prosthesis -- Selected additional reading -- V. Food --
Food from plants -- Harvest to table -- Food from animals -- Animal disease control -- Preserving and distributing food from animals -- Processing and preserving foods . -- Conclusion -- Selected additional reading -- VI. Population
Biology -- Population potential and carrying capacity -- Populations in ecosystems -- Controlling pest populations -- Selected additional reading -- VII. Environmental Hazards -- Biological hazards to man -- Chemical hazards to man --
Physical hazards to man -- Selected additional reading -- VIII. Marine Sciences -- Feeding man -- Resource assessment -- Behavior studies -- Value of prediction offishing success -- Preservation of fishery products -- Fish protein
concentrate -- Management of renewable resources -- Diseases and parasites -- Man and his environment -- Health and medical research -- Selected additional reading -- IX. Natural Resources -- Man and his resources -- Land: the greatest
resource -- Forest and timber resources -- Game management -- Technology in resource management -- Microbes—the unseen resource -- Conversion of waste to resource -- Preserving for the future -- Conservation of man’s abundance --
Selected additional reading
ISBN:9781468426281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:FASEB Monographs : 1
Keywords: Science , Science, general , Science, general
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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