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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD CHEMISTRY,PHYSICAL AND THEORETICAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/10387.105 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword chemistry,physical and theoretical ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319466644:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Problems in Classical and Quantum Mechanics Extracting the Underlying Concepts
Author(s): J. Daniel Kelley
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVI, 368 p. 71 illus., 2 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Classical Mechanics -- Newtonian Physics -- Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Dynamics -- Central Forces and Orbits -- Normal Modes and Coordinates -- Quantum Mechanics -- Introductory Concepts -- Bound States in One Dimension -- Ladder
Operators for the Harmonic Oscillator -- Angular Momentum -- Bound states in Three Dimensions -- Approximation Methods -- The Variational Method -- Non-degenerate Time Independent Perturbation Theory -- Degenerate Time Independent
Perturbation Theory -- Time Dependent Perturbation Theory
ISBN:9783319466644
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Quantum physics , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Physics , Classical Mechanics , Quantum Physics , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:9780387690025:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physical properties of polymer handbook
Author(s): James E. Mark (ed.)
Date:2006
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Springer
Size:1 online resource (1076 p.)
ISBN:9780387312354
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer
Keywords: Polymers. , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319396149:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultrafast Biophotonics
Author(s): P Vasa
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (20 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39614-9
Contents:Introduction and overview -- Introduction to ultrafast and intense Fields -- Multiphoton microscopy and imaging techniques, including THz imaging -- Intense fields I -- Intense fields II -- Dynamical studies -- Mimicking biological
systems: light harvesting without chlorophyll -- Biological interactions and energy landscapes: theoretical frameworks -- Outlook
ISBN:9783319396149
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Biophysics , Biological physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Biomedical engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Physical Chemistry , Biomedical Engineering , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319316116:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability for Physicists
Author(s): Simon Sirca
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (29 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31611-6
Contents:Basic Terminology -- Probability Distributions -- Special Continuous Probability Distributions -- Expected Values -- Special Discrete Probability Distributions -- Convolution -- Samples -- Estimation of Parameters and Statistical
Tests -- Regression -- Entropy -- Markov Processes -- Generation of Pseudorandom Numbers -- Monte Carlo Method -- Stochastic Population Modeling
ISBN:9783319316116
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mathematical physics , Probabilities , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319272658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Basic Concepts in Computational Physics
Author(s): Benjamin A Stickler
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (409 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27265-8
Contents:Some Basic Remarks -- Part I Deterministic Methods -- Numerical Differentiation -- Numerical Integration -- The KEPLER Problem -- Ordinary Differential Equations – Initial Value Problems -- The Double Pendulum -- Molecular Dynamics --
Numerics of Ordinary Differential Equations - Boundary Value Problems -- The One-Dimensional Stationary Heat Equation -- The One-Dimensional Stationary SCHRÖDINGER Equation -- Partial Differential Equations -- Part II Stochastic
Methods -- Pseudo Random Number Generators -- Random Sampling Methods -- A Brief Introduction to Monte-Carlo Methods -- The ISING Model -- Some Basics of Stochastic Processes -- The Random Walk and Diffusion Theory -- MARKOV-Chain
Monte Carlo and the POTTS Model -- Data Analysis -- Stochastic Optimization -- Appendix: The Two-Body Problem -- Solving Non-Linear Equations. The NEWTON Method -- Numerical Solution of Systems of Equations -- Fast Fourier Transform --
Basics of Probability Theory -- Phase Transitions -- Fractional Integrals and Derivatives in 1D -- Least Squares Fit -- Deterministic Optimization
ISBN:9783319272658
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Computer mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319271880:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Dynamics and Energetics of Biomolecular Systems
Author(s): Artem Ryabov
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (118 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27188-0
Contents:Introduction -- Basics of Single-File Diffusion -- SFD in a Semi-infinite System with Absorbing Boundary -- First-Passage Properties of a Tracer in a Finite Interval -- Basics of Stochastic Thermodynamics -- Work Distribution in
Logarithmic-Harmonic Potential -- Conclusions and Outlook
ISBN:9783319271880
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Physical Chemistry , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319246338:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ´15 Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2015
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (71 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24633-8
Contents:Preface -- Part I: Physics -- Part II: Molecules, Surfaces, and Solids -- Part III: Bioinformatics -- Part IV: Reacting Flows -- Part V: Computational Fluid Dynamics.- Part VI: Transport and Climate -- Part VII: Miscellaneous Topics
ISBN:9783319246338
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Computer mathematics , Physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Computational Science and Engineering , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319215181:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complexity and Control in Quantum Photonics
Author(s): Peter Shadbolt
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21518-1
Contents:Introduction and Essential Physics -- A Reconfigurable Two-qubit chip -- A Quantum Delayed-Choice Experiment -- Entanglement and Non locality without a Shared Frame -- Quantum Chemistry on a Photonic Chip -- Increased complexity --
Discussion
ISBN:9783319215181
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Quantum computers , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Optics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Quantum Computing , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9781441981851:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics Kinetics
Author(s): Mario Capitelli
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (138 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4419-8185-1
Contents:Electron-molecule cross sections and rates involving rotationally, vibrationally and electronically excited states -- Reactivity and relaxation of vibrationally/rotationally excited molecules with open shell atoms -- Formation of
vibrationally and rotationally excited molecules during atom recombination on surfaces -- Collisional-radiative models for atomic plasmas -- Collisional-radiative models for molecular plasmas -- Kinetic and Monte Carlo approaches to
solve Boltzmann equation for the electron energy distribution functions -- Non-equilibrium plasma kinetics under discharge and post-discharge conditions: coupling problems for low pressure and atmospheric cold plasmas -- Ion transport
under strong fields -- PIC (Particle In Cell ) models for low-pressure plasmas -- Negative ion H- for fusion -- Non equilibrium plasma expansion through nozzles
ISBN:9781441981851
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 85
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mechanics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Physics , Plasma Physics , Physical Chemistry , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401789691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Properties of Solids at Room and Cryogenic Temperatures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Guglielmo Ventura
Mauro Perfetti
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a guide for materials scientists, physicists, chemists and engineers who wish toexplore the field of low-temperature material properties. The focus is on heat capacity, thermal expansion and electrical and thermalconductivity. The author s report a wide range of experimental details and data, and have compiled useful tables of low-temperature data. Each chapter of the book starts by addressing the theoretical basis of the phenomena. This is aconcise presentation, but it helps the reader t o develop a deeper understanding of the experiments. The second part of the chapters is dedicated to describing the main experimental techniques to measure thermal properties at low andvery low temperature ranges. The final part of each chapter provides a wealth of relevant experimental data in the form of tables and graphs
Contents:Preface
Dedication
Part I
1 Heat Capacity
2 How to Measure Heat Capacity at Low Temperatures
3 Data of Specific Heat
Part II
4 Thermal Expansion
5 How to Measure Thermal Expansion Coefficient at Low Temperatures
6 Data of Thermal Expansion
Part III
7 Electrical and Thermal conductivity
8 How to Measure Thermal Conductivity
10 Data of Thermal Conductivity
ISBN:9789401789691
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:International Cryogenics Monograph Series, 0538-7051
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642450853:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Sergio Musazzi
Umberto Perini
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book deals with the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), a widely used atomic emission spectroscopy technique for elemental analysis of materials. It is based on the use of a high-power, short pulse laser excitation.The book is divided i nto two main sections: the first one concerning theoretical aspects of the technique, the second one describing the state of the art in applications of the technique in different scientific/technological areas.Numerous examples of state of the art applica tions provide the readers an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique. The LIBS theoretical aspects are reviewed. The book helps the readers who are less familiar with the technique tounderstand the basic principles. Numerous examples of state of th e art applications give an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique potentiality. These examples of applications may have a strong impact on future industrialutilization. The authors made important contributions to the development of this field
Contents:Part I Fundamentals of LIBS
Physical processes in optical emission spectroscopy
A review of LIBS instrumental techniques
Effect of atmospheric conditions on LIBS spectra
Temporal evolution of the LIBS signals
The LIBS double pulse technique
Part II Applications of LIBS
Analysis of solid materials by means of LIBS
Analysis of liquids/aerosol by means of LIBS
Detection of contaminants in soil by means of LIBS
Forensic applications by means of LIBS
Biological applications of LIBS
LIBS analysis of coal
Detection of explosives in traces
Cultural heritage ap
ISBN:9783642450853
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v182
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642375309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Bulk and Surface Electronic Structures
Author(s): Shigemasa Suga
Akira Sekiyama
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Photoelectron spectroscopy is now becoming more and more required to investigate electronic structures of various solid materials in the bulk, on surfaces as well as at buried interfaces. The energy resolution was much improved inthe last decade down to 1 meV in the low photon energy region. Now this technique is available from a few eV up to 10 keV by use of lasers, electron cyclotron resonance lamps in addition to synchrotron radiation and X-ray tubes. Highresolution angle resolved photoelectron sp ectroscopy (ARPES) is now widely applied to band mapping of materials. It attracts a wide attention from both fundamental science and material engineering. Studies of the dynamics of excitedstates are feasible by time of flight spectroscopywith fully util izing the pulse structures of synchrotron radiation as well as lasers including the free electron lasers (FEL). Spin resolved studies also made dramatic progress byusing higher efficiency spin detectors and two dimensional spin detectors. Polarization dep endent measurements in the whole photon energy spectrum of the spectra provide useful information on the symmetry of orbitals. The book dealswith the fundamental concepts and approaches for the application of this technique to materials studies. Complemen tary techniques such as inverse photoemission, photoelectron diffraction, photon spectroscopy including infrared andX-ray and scanning tunneling spectroscopy are presented. This book provides not only a wide scope of photoelectron spectroscopy of solids b ut also extends our understanding of electronic structures beyond photoelectron spectroscopy
Contents:Theoretical Background
Instrumentation and Methodology
Bulk and Surface Sensitivity of Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Examples of Angle Integrated Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Angle
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy in HV
regions
High Resolution Soft X
ray Angle
Integrated and
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Correlated Electron Systems
Very Low Photon Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Inverse Photoemission
Photoelectron Diffraction
Complementary Techniques for Studying Bulk Electronic Structures
Surface Spectroscopy by Scanning Tunneling Microscope
ISBN:9783642375309
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v176
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319020518:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultrafast Phenomena in Molecular Sciences [electronic resource] : Femtosecond Physics and Chemistry
Author(s): Rebeca Nalda
Luis Baares
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents the latest developments in Femtosecond Chemistry and Physics for the study of ultrafast photo-induced molecular processes.Molecular systems, from the simplest H2 molecule to polymers or biologicalmacromolecules, constitute central objects of interest for Physics, Chemistry and Biology, and despite the broad range of phenomena that they exhibit, they share some common behaviors. One of the most significant of those is that manyof the processes involving chemical transformation (nucl ear reorganization, bond breaking, bond making) take place in an extraordinarily short time, in or around the femtosecond temporal scale (1 fs = 10-15 s). A number of experimentalapproaches - very particularly the developments in the generation and manipu lation of ultrashort laser pulses - coupled with theoretical progress, provide the ultrafast scientist with powerful tools to understand matter and itsinteraction with light, at this spatial and temporal scale. This book is an attempt to reunite some of t he state-of-the-art research that is being carried out in the field of ultrafast molecular science, from theoretical developments,through new phenomena induced by intense laser fields, to the latest techniques applied to the study of molecular dynamics
Contents:From the Contents: Molecular movies from molecular frame photoelectron angular distribution (MFPAD) measurements
XUV lasers for ultrafast electronic control in H2
Ultrafast dynamics of hydrogen atoms in hydrocarbon molecules in intense laser fields: Hydrogen atom migration and scrambling in methylacetylene
ISBN:9783319020518
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Spectroscopy , Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319016986:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Structure of Ionic Liquids [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ruggero Caminiti
Lorenzo Gontrani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume describes the most recent findings on the structure of ILs interpreted through cutting-edge experimental and theoretical methods. Research in the field of ionic liquids (ILs) keeps a fast and steady pace. Since thesenew-generation molten salts first appeared in the chemistry and physics landscape, a large number of new compounds has been synthesized. Most of themdisplay unexpected behaviour and possess stunning properties. The coverage in thisbook ranges from the mesoscopic structure of I Ls to their interaction with proteins. The reader will learn how diffraction techniques (small and large angle X-Ray and neutron scattering, powder methods), X-Ray absorption spectroscopies(EXAFS/XANES), optical methods (IR, RAMAN), NMR and calorimetric m ethods can help the study of ILs, both as neat liquids and inmixtures with other compounds. It will enable the reader to choose the best method to suit theirexperimental needs. A detailed survey of theoretical methods, both quantum-chemical and classical, and of their predictive power will accompany the exposition of experimental ones. This book is a must read for postgraduate students,for post-docs, and for researchers who are interested in understanding the structural properties of ILs
Contents:1 X
Ray Diffraction Studies of Ionic Liquids: from Spectra to Structure and Back
2Structural Organization in Neat Ionic Liquids and in their Mixtures
3 Raman Spectroscopy in Ionic Liquids under Variable Thermodynamic and Environmental Conditions
4 CompChem and NMR Probing Ionic Liquids
5 TheoreticalDescription of Ionic Liquids
6 Structural Characterization of Ionic Liquids by X
Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
7 Physical
Chemical Properties of Ionic Liquid
containing Mixtures
ISBN:9783319016986
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Soft and Biological Matter, 2213-1736
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemical engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461486510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Length-Scale Dependent Phonon Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Subhash L Shind
Gyaneshwar P Srivastava
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents a comprehensive description of phonons and their interactions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Internationally-recognized leaders describe theories and measurements of phononinteractions in relation to the de sign of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanical systems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage,and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. T he emergence of techniques for control of semiconductor properties and geometry has enabled engineers to design structures in which functionality is derived from controllingelectron behavior. As manufacturing techniques have greatly expanded the list of a vailable materials and the range of attainable length scales, similar opportunities now exist for designing devices whose functionality is derived fromcontrolling phonon behavior. However, progress in this area is hampered by gaps in our knowledge of phon on transport across and along arbitrary interfaces, the scattering of phonons with crystal defects, interface roughness andmass-mixing, delocalized electrons/collective electronic excitations, and solid acoustic vibrations when these occur in structures w ith small physical dimensions. This book provides a comprehensive description of phonons and theirinteractions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Theories and measurements of phonon interactions are described in relation to the design of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanicalsystems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage, and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. First book to cover phonon dispersion relations and phononinteractions at different length scales Discusses both theory and measurements of phonon transport and its relevance to materials properties Desc
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: Theoretical Studies of Dimensionality and Symmetry Dependence of Phonons
Chapter 2: Phonons in bulk and low
dimensional systems
Chapter 3: Theories of Phonon Transport in Bulk and Nanostructed Solids
Chapter 4: First
principles determination of phonon lifetimes, mean free paths, and thermal conductivities in crystalline materials: pure silicon and germanium
Chapter 5: Ab Initio Thermal Transport
Chapter 6: Interaction of thermal phonons with interfaces
Chapter 7: Time
resolved phonon spectroscopy and phonon transport in nanoscale systems
Chapter 8: Se
ISBN:9781461486510
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v128
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789048136438:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nucleation Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): V.I Kalikmanov
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This monograph covers the major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomenaphenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories and microscopic approacheswithemphasis on the formation of liquid dro plets from a metastable vapor. It also illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevantproblems. In spite of familiarity with the involved phenomena, it is still not possible to accurately calculate nucleation rate, as t he properties of thedaughter phase are insufficiently known. Existing theories based upon the classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However, they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, inparti cular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. This book challenges such classical models and provides a more satisfactory description by using density functional theory and microscopic computersimulations to describe the prop erties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed that relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases. This monograph is anintroduction as well as a compendium to researchers in the areas of soft con densed matter physics, chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and toexperimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the recent developments being made to ac count for their data
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Thermodynamics of a two
phase system
Classical nucleation theory
Nucleation theorems
Density functional theory
Extended modified drop model and dynamic nucleation theory
Semi
phenomenological approach: mean
field kinetic nucleation theory
Computer simulations of nucleation
Nucleation at high supersaturations
Argon nucleation
Binary nucleation
General case
Binary nucleation with supercritical fluids: coarse
grained nucleation theory
Multi
component nucleation
Hetrogeneous nucleation
ISBN:9789048136438
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v860
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642365492:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Equilibrium Thermodynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mrio J Oliveira
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This textbook provides an exposition of equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to several areas of physics with particular attention to phase transitions and critical phenomena. The applications include several areas ofcondensed matter physi cs and include also a chapter on thermochemistry. Phase transitions and critical phenomena are treated according to the modern development of the field, based on the ideas of universality and on the Widom scalingtheory. For each topic, a mean-field or Lan dau theory is presented to describe qualitatively the phase transitions. These theories include the van der Waals theory of the liquid-vapor transition, the Hildebrand-Heitler theory ofregular mixtures, the Griffiths-Landau theory for multicritical points in multicomponent systems, the Bragg-Williams theory of order-disorder in alloys, the Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, the Nel theory of antiferromagnetism, theDevonshire theory for ferroelectrics and Landau-de Gennes theory of liquid crystals. This textb ook is intended for students in physics and chemistry and provides a unique combination of thorough theoretical explanation and presentationof applications in both areas. Chapter summaries, highlighted essentials and problems with solutions enable a self sustained approach and deepen the knowledge
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Joule Principle
Carnot Principle
Clausius
Gibbs Principle
Thermodynamic Potentials
Thermodynamic Identities
Nernst
Planck Principle
Phase Transition
Criticality
Mixtures
Binary Mixtures
Phase Diagrams
Order
Disorder Transition
Magnetic Systems
Magnetic Ordering
Dielectrics
Solids
Liquid Crystals
Thermal Radiation
Thermochemistry
ISBN:9783642365492
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642346330:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Vitreous State [electronic resource] Thermodynamics, Structure, Rheology, and Crystallization
Author(s): Ivan S Gutzow
Jrn W.P Schmelzer
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book summarizes the experimental evidence and modern classical and theoretical approaches in understanding the vitreous state, from structural problems, over equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, to statisticalphysics. Glasses, and esp ecially silicate glasses, are only the best known representatives of this particular physical state of matter. Other typical representatives include organic polymer glasses, and many other easily vitrifyingorganic and inorganic substances, technically imp ortant materials, amidst them vitreous water and vitrified aqueous solutions, and also many metallic alloy systems. Some of these systems only form glasses under particular conditions,e.g. through ultra-rapid cooling. This book describes the properties an d the formation of both every-day technical glasses and especially of such more exotic forms of vitreous matter. Itis a unique source of knowledge and new ideasfor materials scientists, engineers and researchers working on condensed matter. The new editio n emphasizes latest experimental findings and modern theories, explaining the kinetics of glass formation, the relaxation and stabilizationof glasses and their crystallization in terms of new models, derived from the framework of the thermodynamics of irr eversible processes. It shows how the properties of common technical glasses, window glass, or the vitreous ice kernelof comets can be used to develop a new understanding of the existence of matter in various, unusualforms. The developed theoretical model scan find application even in the description of lasers and in unusual processes in theuniverse
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:States of Aggregation, Thermodynamic Phases, and the Vitreous State
Non
Equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Kinetics of Glass Transition and Stabilization
General Approaches to the Description of the Structure of Glasses
Statistical Physics of Under
Cooled Melts and Glasses
Nucleation in Glass
Forming Systems
Catalyzed Crystallization of Glass
Forming Melts
Theory of Crystal Growth and Dissolution in Under
cooled Melts
Growth of Clusters. Ostwalds Rule of Stages
Kinetics of Overall Crystallization
Liquid Phase Separation in Glass
Forming Melts
Rheology of Glass
ISBN:9783642346330
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642312519:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dissipative Solitons in Reaction Diffusion Systems [electronic resource] : Mechanisms, Dynamics, Interaction
Author(s): Andreas W Liehr
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Dissipative solitons are local excitations of nonlinear continuous systems which emerge due to a flux of energy or matter. Although they are continuous entities, dissipative solitons in reaction diffusion systems behave likeparticles: They are genera ted or annihilated as a whole, propagate with a well-defined velocity and interact with each other, which can lead to the formation of bound states, e.g. This book introduces dissipative solitons in thecontext of pattern formation, discusses experimental findings in chemical and physical systems, deduces a phenomenological model of dissipative solitons from basic principles, analyzes their dynamics and interaction from a theoreticalpoint of view and verifies these finding in an experimental system by mean s of stochastic data analysis. Finally, the mechanisms of annihilation and generation are explained on the basis of simulations. Theoretical considerations focuson a certain family of reaction diffusion models with the result such that basic and advanced analytical methods can be introduced from scratch and can be followed down tocomputational results
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Experimental Observations
Modeling
Dynamics
Interaction of Slow Dissipative Solitons
Dynamics and Interaction of Experimental Dissipative Solitons
Generation and Annihilation
ISBN:9783642312519
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389 : v70
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642161056:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Membrane Biophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mohammad Ashrafuzzaman
Jack Tuszynski
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Physics, mathematics and chemistry all play a vital role in understanding the true nature and functioning of biological membranes, key elements of living processes. Besides simple spectroscopic observations and electricalmeasurements of membranes we address in this book the phenomena of coexistence and independent existence of different membrane components using various theoretical approaches. This treatment will be helpful for readers who want tounderstand biological processes by applying both simpl e observations and fundamental scientific analysis. It provides a deep understanding of the causes and effects of processes inside membranes, and will thus eventually open new doorsfor high-level pharmaceutical approaches towards fighting membrane- and ce ll-related diseases
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Structure of Membranes
Lipids in Membranes
The Membrane as a Transporter
Lipid Bilayer
Membrane Protein Coupling
Membrane
Based Nanotechnology and Drug Delivery
Membrane
Related Diseases
ISBN:9783642161056
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , RNA-ligand interactions , Cell membranes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319006062:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theoretical Femtosecond Physics [electronic resource] : Atoms and Molecules in Strong Laser Fields
Author(s): Frank Grossmann
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Theoretical investigations of atoms and molecules interacting with pulsed or continuous wave lasers up to atomic field strengths on the order of 10^16 W/cm are leading to an understanding of many challenging experimentaldiscoveries.This book deals wi th the basics of femtosecond physics and goes up to the latest applications of new phenomena. The book presents an introduction to laser physics with mode-locking and pulsed laser operation. The solutionof the time-dependent Schrdinger equation is discuss ed both analytically and numerically.The basis for the non-perturbative treatment of laser-matter interaction in the book is the numerical solution of the time-dependentSchrdinger equation. The light field is treated classically, and different possible ga uges are discussed. Physical phenonema, ranging from Rabi-oscillations in two-level systems to the ionization of atoms, the generation of highharmonics, the ionization and dissociation of molecules as well as the control of chemical reactions are presente d and discussed on a fundamental level. In this way the theoretical background for state of the art experiments withstrong and short laser pulses is given. The text is augmented by more than thirty exercises, whose worked-out solutions are given in the la st chapter. Some detailed calculations are performed in the appendices. Furthermore, eachchapter ends with references to more specialized literature
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Short Introduction to Laser Physics
Time
Dependent Quantum Theory
Field Matter Coupling and Two
Level Systems
Single Electron Atoms in Strong Laser Fields
Molecules in Strong Laser Fields
Solutions to Problems
ISBN:9783319006062
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemistry , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004075:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Janus Fluid [electronic resource] A Theoretical Perspective
Author(s): Riccardo Fantoni
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The state-of-the-art in the theoretical statistical physics treatment of the Janus fluid is reported with a bridge between new research results published in journal articles and a contextual literature review. Recent Monte Carlosimulations on the Ker n and Frenkel model of the Janus fluid have revealed that in the vapor phase, below the critical point, there is the formation of preferred inert clusters made up of a well-defined number of particles: themicelles and the vesicles. This is responsible for a re-entrant gas branch of the gas-liquid binodal. Detailed account of this findings are given in the first chapter where the Janus fluid is introduced as a product of newsophisticated synthesis laboratory techniques. In the second chapter a cluster theo ry is developed to approximate the exact clustering properties stemming from the simulations. It is shown that the theory is able to reproducesemi-quantitatively the micellization phenomenon
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is a Janus Fluid?
Introduction
The Classical Statistical Physics Problem
Experimental Methods
Numerical Simulations
Relationship between the Structure and the Thermodynamics
The Phase Diagram of a Janus Fluid
The Structure of a Janus Fluid
Clustering and Micellization in a Janus Fluid
Introduction
The Kern and Frenkel Model
Clustering Properties
A Cluster Theory for Janus Particles
Relationship between the Configurational Partition Functions
Results
ISBN:9783319004075
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400744554:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thin Liquid Films [electronic resource] : Dewetting and Polymer Flow
Author(s): Ralf Blossey
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is a treatise on the thermodynamic and dynamic properties of thin liquid films at solid surfaces and, in particular, their rupture instabilities. For the quantitative study of these phenomena, polymer thin films havenproven to be an invalua ble experimental model system. What is it that makes thin film instabilities special and interesting, warranting a whole book? There are several answers to this. Firstly, thin polymeric films have an importantrange of applications, and with the increase in the number of technologies available to produce and to study them, this range is likely to expand. An understanding of their instabilities is therefore of practical relevance for thedesign of such films. Secondly, thin liquid films are an interdiscipl inary research topic. Interdisciplinary research is surely not an end to itself, but in this case it leads to a fairly heterogeneous community of theoretical andexperimental physicists, engineers, physical chemists, mathematicians and others working on th e topic. It justifies attempting to write a text which aims at a coherent, theoretical presentation of the field which researchers acrosstheir specialised communities might be interested in. And finally, thin liquid films are an interesting laboratory fo r a theorist to confront a well-established theory, hydrodynamics, with its limits. Liquids at surfaces take noticeof the surface they are placed upon, and this is reflected in their dynamics. And the polymers, when confined to thin films, can imprint mol ecular properties on the film dynamics. The material in the book is arranged in two Parts.Part I covers the basics of wetting and dewetting phenomena, and is of interest to researchers working in the field also outside of polymeric systems. It can be rea d as a brief introduction into the theory of wetting phase transitions.Part II delves exclusively into polymeric thin films, their mathematical description, and the confrontation with experiment
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Applications of Thin Films
Statistical Mechanics of Thin Films
Capillarity and Surface Tension
Forces acting on Interfaces
Wetting and Dewetting
The Solid
Liquid Boundary
Polymers as Thin Films: Glass Transition
Hydrodynamics of Thin Films
Lubrication Approximation for Viscous Thin Films
Film Rupture
Rims
Fluctuations in Thin Films
Visco
elastic Thin Films
Mathematics of Thin
Film Equations
Existence and Regularity of Solutions to Thin Film Equations
Numerics for Thin
Film Equations
ISBN:9789400744554
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400744547:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thin Liquid Films [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ralf Blossey
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9789400744547
Series:Texts and Monographs in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Polymer Sciences , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642247521:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Theoretical Atomic Physics [electronic resource] : Data for Photon Absorption, Electron Scattering, and Vacancies Decay
Author(s): Miron Amusia
Larissa Chernysheva
Victor Yarzhemsky
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The aim of this book is to present highly accurate and extensive theoretical Atomic data and to give a survey of selected calculational methods for atomic physics, used to obtain these data. The book presents the results ofcalculations of cross secti ons and probabilities of a broad variety of atomic processes with participation of photons and electrons, namely on photoabsorption, electron scattering and accompanying effects. Included are data forphotoabsorption and electron scattering cross-sections and probabilities of vacancy decay formed for a large number of atoms and ions. Attention is also given to photoionization and vacancy decay in endohedrals and to positron-atomscattering. The book is richly illustrated. The methods used are one-electron H artree-Fock and the technique of Feynman diagrams that permits to include many-electron correlations. This is done in the frames of the Random Phaseapproximation with exchange and the many-body perturbation theory. Newly obtained and previously collected atomic data are presented. The atomic data are useful for investigating the electronic structure and physical processes insolids and liquids, molecules and clusters, astronomical objects, solar and planet atmospheres and atomic nucleus. Deep understanding of chemical reactions and processes is reached by deep and accurate knowledge of atomic structure andprocesses with participation of atoms. This book is useful for theorists performing research in different domains of contemporary physics, chemistry and biology, technologists working on production of new materials and forexperimentalists performing research in the field of photon and electron interaction with atoms, molecules, solid bodies and liquids
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Photon Absorption
Main points of the theory
Photon Absorption
Results of Calculations
PartII: Electron Scattering
Main points of the theory
Electron Scattering
Results of Calculations
PartIII: Vacancies Decay
Main points of theory
Vacancy decay results of calculations
Conclusion and Perspectives
PartIV: Addendum
Photon absorption results of calculations
Electron scattering results of calculations (on web
site only presents data on atoms, ions and endohedrals not included in the paper version)
ISBN:9783642247521
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Astronomy , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642247514:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Theoretical Atomic Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Miron Amusia
Larissa Chernysheva
Victor Yarzhemsky
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Handbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642247514
Series:e-books
Keywords: Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Physical Chemistry , Optical and Electronic Materials , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Nanoscale Science and Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642235184:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Miguel A.L Marques
Neepa T Maitra
Fernando M.S Nogueira
E.K.U Gross
Angel Rubio
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:There have been many significant advances in time-dependent density functional theory over recent years, both in enlightening the fundamental theoretical basis of the theory, as well as in computational algorithms andapplications. This book, as succe ssor to the highly successful volume Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (Lect. Notes Phys. 706, 2006) brings together for the first time all recent developments in a systematic and coherent way.First, a thorough pedagogical presentation of the funda mental theory is given, clarifying aspects of the original proofs and theorems, as well as presenting fresh developments that extend the theory into new realmssuch asalternative proofs of the original Runge-Gross theorem, open quantum systems, and dispers ion forces to name but a few. Next, all of the basic concepts are introduced sequentially and building in complexity, eventually reaching thelevel of open problems of interest. Contemporary applications of the theory are discussed, from real-time coupled- electron-ion dynamics, to excited-state dynamics and molecular transport. Last but not least, the authors introduce andreview recent advances in computational implementation, including massively parallel architectures and graphical processing units. Speci al care has been taken in editing this volume as a multi-author textbook, following a coherent lineof thought, and making all the relevant connections between chapters and concepts consistent throughout. As such it will prove to be the text of reference i n this field, both for beginners as well as expert researchers and lecturersteaching advanced quantum mechanical methods to model complex physical systems, from molecules to nanostructures, from biocomplexes to surfaces, solids and liquids. From the revie ws of LNP 706: This is a well structured text, with acommon set of notations and a single comprehensive and up-to-date list of references, rather than just a compilation of research articles. Be
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Theory and Experiment
Why We Need TDDFT
Part II Basic Theory
PartIII Advanced Concepts
Part IV Real
Time Dynamics
Part V Numerical Aspects
Part VI TDDFT vs Other Theoretical Techniques
ISBN:9783642235184
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v837
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642113482:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Thermodynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jitao Wang
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642113482
Series:e-books
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400701991:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): David Jou
Jos Casas-Vzquez
Manuel Criado-Sancho
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the second edition of the book Thermodynamics of Fluids under Flow, which was published in 2000 and has now been corrected, expanded and updated. This is a companion book to our other title Extended irreversiblethermodynamics (D. Jou, J. Casa s-Vzquez and G. Lebon, Springer, 4th edition 2010), and of the textbook Understanding non-equilibrium thermodynamics (G. Lebon, D. Jou and J. Casas-Vzquez, Springer, 2008. The present book is morespecialized than its counterpart, as it focuses its attenti on on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of flowing fluids, incorporating non-trivial thermodynamic contributions of the flow, going beyond local equilibrium theories, i.e.,including the effects of internal variables and of external forcing due to the flo w. Whereas the book's first edition was much more focused on polymer solutions, with brief glimpses into ideal and real gases, the present edition coversa much wider variety of systems, such as: diluted and concentrated polymer solutions, polymer blends, laminar and turbulent superfluids, phonon hydrodynamics and heat transport in nanosystems,nuclear collisions, far-from-equilibriumideal gases, and molecular solutions. It also deals with a variety of situations, emphasizing the non-equilibrium flow contri bution: temperature and entropy in flowing ideal gases, shear-induced effects on phase transitions in realgases and on polymer solutions, stress-induced migration and its application to flow chromatography, Taylor dispersion, anomalous diffusion in flowin g systems, the influence of the flow on chemical reactions, and polymer degradation.The new edition is not only broader in scope, but more educational in character, and with more emphasis on applications, in keeping with our times. It provides many exampl es of how a deeper theoretical understanding may bring new andmore efficient applications, forging links between theoretical progress and practical aims. This updated version expands on the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Non
equilibrium Thermodynamics and Rheology
2 Non
equilibrium Temperature and Entropy in Flowing Ideal Gases: Maximum
Entrophy Approach
3 Kinetic Theory of Flowing Gases and Phonons. Phonon Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer in Nanosystems
4 Non
ideal and Nuclear Collisions
5 Polymeric Solutions and Blends
6 Non
equilibrium Chemical Potential and Shear
Induced Effects in Polymer Solutions and Blends
7 Comparison of Thermodynamical and Dynamical Approaches
8 Shear
induced Migration and Flow Chromatography
9 Taylor Dispersion and Anomalous Diffusion
10 Chemical Reaction
ISBN:9789400701991
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789048188291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure and Properties of Liquid Crystals [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev M Blinov
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book by Lev M. Blinov is ideal to guide researchers from their very first encounter with liquid crystals to the level where they can perform independent experiments on liquid crystals with a thorough understanding of theirbehaviour also in relat ion to the theoretical framework. Liquid crystals can be found everywhere around us. They are used in virtually every display device, whether it is for domestic appliances of for specialized technologicalinstruments. Their finely tunable optical propertie s make them suitable also for thermo-sensing and laser technologies. There are many monographs written by prominent scholars on the subject of liquid crystals. The majority of thempresents the subject in great depth, sometimes focusing on a particular res earch aspect, and in general they require a significant level of prior knowledge. In contrast, this books aims at an audience of advanced undergraduate andgraduate students in physics, chemistry and materials science. The book consists of three parts: the first part, on structure, starts from the fundamental principles underlying the structure of liquid crystals, their rich phasebehaviour and the methods used to study them the second part, on physical properties, emphasizes the influence of anisotropy on all aspects of liquid crystals behaviour the third, focuses on electro-optics, the most importantproperties from the applications standpoint. This part covers only the main effects and illustrates the underlying principles in greater detail. Professor Lev M. Blinov has had a long carrier as an experimentalist. He made majorcontributions in the field of ferroelectric mesophases. In 1985 he received the USSR state prize for investigations of electro-optical effects in liquid crystals for spatial light modul ators. In 1999 he was awarded the Frederiks medalof the Soviet Liquid Crystal Society and in 2000 he was honoured with the G. Gray silver medal of the British Liquid Crystal Society. He has held many
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9789048188291
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783540959441:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lectures on Ultrafast Intense Laser Science 1 [electronic resource] : Volume 1
Author(s): Kaoru Yamanouchi
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book features tutorial-like chapters on ultrafast intense laser science by world-leading scientists who are active in the rapidly developing interdisciplinary research field. It is written to give a comprehensive survey ofall the essential aspec ts of ultrafast intense laser science. The volume covers theories of atoms and molecules in intense laser fields, high intensity physics scaled to long wavelength, pulse shaping techniques, non-linear optics inthe XUV region, ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy, quantum emission and applications, filamentation, and ultraintense-laser matter interaction
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction to Atomic Dynamics in Intense Light Fields
2. Foundations of Strong
Field Physics
3. High Intensity Physics Scaled to Mid
infrared Wavelengths
4. How Do Molecules Behave in Intense Laser Fields? Theoretical Aspects
5. Pulse Shaping of Femtosecond Laser Pulses and Its Application of Molecule Control
6. Nonlinear Interaction of Strong XUV Fields with Atoms and Molecules
7. Ultrafast X
ray Absorption Spectroscopy Using Femtosecond
Laser Driven X
rays
8. Quantum Emission and its Application to Materials Dynamics
9. Filamentation Nonlinear Optics
10. Diagn
ISBN:9783540959441
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v94
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441994912:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Dynamic Imaging [electronic resource] : Theoretical and Numerical Methods
Author(s): Andr D Bandrauk
Misha Ivanov
Date:2011
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Studying and using light or photons to image and then to control and transmit molecular information is among the most challenging and significant research fields to emerge in recent years. One of the fastest growing areasinvolves research in the temp oral imaging of quantum phenomena, ranging from molecular dynamics in the femto (10-15s) time regime for atomic motion to the atto (10-18s) time scale of electron motion. In fact, the attosecondrevolution is now recognized as one of the most important rec ent breakthroughs and innovations in the science of the 21st century. A major participant in the development of ultrafast femto and attosecond temporal imaging ofmolecular quantum phenomena has been theory and numerical simulation of the nonlinear, non-pe rturbative response of atoms and molecules to ultrashort laser pulses. Therefore, imaging quantum dynamics is a new frontier of sciencerequiring advanced mathematical approaches for analyzing and solving spatial and temporal multidimensional partial diffe rential equations such as Time-Dependent Schroedinger Equations (TDSE) andTime-Dependent Dirac equations (TDDEsfor relativistic phenomena). These equations are also coupled to the photons in Maxwell's equations for collective propagation effects. Inversio n of the experimental imaging data of quantum dynamics presents new mathematical challengesin the imaging of quantum wave coherences on subatomic (subnanometer) spatial dimensions and multiple timescales from atto to femto and even nanoseconds.In Quantum Dynamic Imaging: Theoretical and Numerical Methods,leadingresearchers discuss these exciting state-of-the-art developments and theirimplications for R&D in view of the promise of quantum dynamic imagingscience as the essential tool for controlling matter at the molecular level. Presentsthe latest research results in ultrafast imaging of quantum phenomena Demonstrates the wide-ranging potential of quantum dynamic imaging for R&D in areas as
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441994912
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:CRM Series in Mathematical Physics
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microwaves , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441976499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): K.L Ngai
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems comprehensively presents a variety of experimental evidences of universal relaxation and diffusion properties in complex materials and systems. The materials discussed include liquids,glasses, colloids, pol ymers, rubbers, plastic crystals and aqueous mixtures, as well as carbohydrates, biomolecules, bioprotectants and pharmaceuticals. Due to the abundance of experimental data, emphasis is placed on glass-formers andthe glass transition problem, a still unso lved problem in condensed matter physics and chemistry. The evidence for universal properties of relaxation and diffusion dynamics suggests that a fundamental physical law is at work. Theorigin of the universal properties is traced to the many-body effect s of the interaction, rigorous theory of which does not exist at the present time. However, using solutions of simplified models as guides, key quantities have beenidentified and predictions of the universal properties generated. These predictions from Ng ais Coupling Model can qualitatively as well as quantitatively explain the experimentally observed dynamic properties of different complexinteracting materials and systems in many cases, essentially from the strength of the interaction. Change of relaxati on and diffusion dynamics when dimension of the material is reduced to nanometer scale are consistent with thepredictions. The success of the Coupling Model provides some measure of understanding the relaxation properties of complex interacting systems an d also paves the way for the construction of rigorous theories in the future. Relaxationand Diffusion in Complex Systems describes advances that affect many different areas of research, and will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of materials science, nanotechnology, energy and medicine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Universal Relaxation and Diffusion Properties in Complex Systems
Experimental Evidences
Computer Simulations
Theoretical Modeling and Interpretations
Many
Body Relaxation Dynamic and Relation to Chaos
Glass Transition and the Glassy State
Role of Thermodynamics, Volume, Entropy and Temperature
Polymer Viscoelasticity
Ionic Conductivity Relaxation in Ionically Conducting Materials
Relaxation and Diffusion at Nanometer Scales
Relaxation in Biomolecules
ISBN:9781441976499
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Partially Ordered Systems, 0941-5114
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048136346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extreme Photonics & Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Trevor J Hall
Sergey V Gaponenko
Sofia A Paredes
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Extreme Photonics & Applications arises from the 2008 NATO Advanced Study Institute in Laser Control & Monitoring in New Materials, Biomedicine, Environment, Security and Defense. Leading experts in the manipulation of lightoffered by recent advances in laser physics and nanoscience were invited to give lectures in their fields of expertise and participate in discussions on current research, applications and new directions. The sum of their contributionsto this book is a primer for the state of scien tific knowledge and the issues within the subject of photonics taken to the extreme frontiers: molding light at the ultra-finest scales, which represents the beginning of the end tolimitations in optical science for the benefit of 21st Century technologic al societies. Laser light is an exquisite tool for physical and chemical research. Physicists have recently developed pulsed lasers with such short durationsthat one laser shot takes the time of one molecular vibration or one electron rotation in an atom, which makes it possible to observe their internal electronic structure, thereby enabling the study of physical processes and newchemical reactions. In parallel, advances in micro- and nano-structured photonic materials allow the precise manipulation of l ight on its natural scale of a wavelength. Photonic crystals, plasmons and related metamaterials - composedof subwavelength nanostructures - permit the manipulation of their dispersive properties and have allowed the experimental confirmation of bizarre n ew effects such as slow light and negative refraction. These advances open a vista on anew era in which it is possible to build lasers and engineer materials to control and use photons as precisely as it is already possible to do with electrons. http://ww w.photonics.uottawa.ca/nato-asi-2008/
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Ultrashort Laser Pulse Generation
Femtosecond Dynamics and Control: From Rydberg Molecules to Photochemistry and Photobiology
Coherent Control for Molecular Ultrafast Spectroscopy
Photonic Integration Enables Single
Beam Nonlinear Spectroscopy for Microscopy and Microanalytics
Applications of Coherent Raman Scattering
Use of Ketoprofenate and Xanthonate Photocages for Antiviral Release
Ultrasensitive Laser Analysis of Nanostructures: Theoretical Background and Experimental Performance
Laser
Matter Interaction in Transparent Materials: Confined Micro
explosion and Jet Forma
ISBN:9789048136346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642102981:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atoms, Molecules and Photons [electronic resource] : An Introduction to Atomic-, Molecular- and Quantum Physics
Author(s): Wolfgang Demtrder
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This introduction to Atomic and Molecular Physics explains how our present model of atoms and molecules has been developed over the last two centuries both by many experimental discoveries and, from the theoretical side, by theintroduction of quantum physics to the adequate description of micro-particles. It illustrates the wave model of particles by many examples and shows the limits of classical description. The interaction of electromagnetic radiationwith atoms and molecules and its potential for spectroscopy is outlined in more detail and in particular lasers as modern spectroscopic tools are discussed more thoroughly. Many examples and problems with solutions are offered toencourage readers to actively engage in applying and adapting the fundame ntal physics presented in this textbook to specific situations. Completely revised new edition with new sections covering all actual developments, like x-rayoptics, ion-cyclotron-resonance spectrometer, attosecond lasers, ultraprecission frequency measure ment and atomic interferometry
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Evolution of the atom model
Evolution of quantum physics
Fundamentals of quantum mechanics
The hydrogen atom
Atoms with several electrons
Emission and absorption of electromagnetic radiation
Laser
Molecules
Experimental methods in atomic
and molecular physics
Structure of condensed matter
Dynamics of crystal lattice
Electrons in condensed matter
Semiconductors
Dielectric and optical properties of condensed matter
Amorphous solid state matter, liquids, liquid crystals and cluster
Surfaces
ISBN:9783642102981
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642045189:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids [electronic resource] : Volume 3 - Normal, Broken-Symmetry, and Correlated Systems
Author(s): Jen Slyom
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is the third of a three-volume series written by the same author that aims to deliver a comprehensive and self-contained account of the vast field of solid-state physics. It goes far beyond most classic texts in thepresentation of the prope rties of solids and experimentally observed phenomena, along with the basic concepts and theoretical methods used to understand them and the essential features of various experimental techniques. The firstvolume deals with the atomic and magnetic structur e and dynamics of solids, the second with those electronic properties that can be understood in the one-particle approximation, and the third with the effects due to interactions andcorrelations between electrons. In the present volume the electronelectro n interaction is treated first in the HartreeFock approximation. The density-functional theory is introduced to account for correlation effects. Theresponse to external perturbations is discussed in the framework of linear response theory. Landaus Fermi-l iquid theory is followed by the theory of Luttinger liquids. The subsequent chapters are devoted to electronic phases withbroken symmetry: to itinerant magnetism, to spin- and charge-density waves and their realizations in quasi-one-dimensional materials, as well as to the microscopic theory of superconductivity. An overview is given of the physics ofstrongly correlated systems. The last chapter covers selected problems in the physics of disordered systems. The text provides material for upper-level under graduate and graduate courses. It will also be a valuable reference forresearchers in the field of condensed matter physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Electrons
Electron Interaction and Correlations
Electronic Response to External Perturbations
Cohesive Energy of the Electron System
Excitations in the Interacting Electron Gas
Fermion Liquids
Electronic Phases with Broken Symmetry
Microscopic Theory of superconductivity
Strongly Correlated Systems
Disordered Systems
Response to External Perturbations
Green Functions of the Many
Body Problem
Field Theory of Luttinger Liquids
Renormalization and Scaling in Solid
State Physics
ISBN:9783642045189
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642031632:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Monte Carlo Simulation in Statistical Physics [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Kurt Binder
Dieter W Heermann
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Monte Carlo Simulation in Statistical Physics deals with the computer simulation of many-body systems in condensed-matter physics and related fields of physics, chemistry and beyond, to traffic flows, stock market fluctuations,etc.). Using random num bers generated by a computer, probability distributions are calculated, allowing the estimation of the thermodynamic properties of various systems. This book describes the theoretical background to severalvariants of these Monte Carlo methods and gives a systematic presentation from which newcomers can learn to perform such simulations and to analyze their results. The fifth edition covers Classical as well as Quantum Monte Carlomethods. Furthermore a new chapter on the sampling of free-energy landscapes has been added. To help students in their work a special web server has been installed to host programs and discussion groups(http://wwwcp.tphys.uni-heidelberg.de). Prof. Binder was awarded the Berni J. Alder CECAM Award for Computational Physics 2001 as well as the Boltzmann Medal in 2007
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: Purpose and Scope of This Volume, and Some General Comments
Theoretical Foundation of the Monte Carlo Method and Its Application in Statistical Physics
Guide to Practical Work with the Monte Carlo Method
Some Important Recent Developments of the Monte Carlo Methodology
Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations: An Introduction
Monte Carlo Methods for the Sampling of Free Energy Landscapes
ISBN:9783642031632
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048129935:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemomechanical Instabilities in Responsive Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): P Borckmans
P Kepper
A. R Khokhlov
S Mtens
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume contains a selection of the papers presented by renowned specialists of each field. It is the first book in which the communities of nonlinear chemists and gel specialist communicate and show how interactions betweenthe two fields can act ually produce working devices based on the transduction of chemical to mechanical energy and vice-versa. Beside subtle ways of using the slaving of responsive materials devices to oscillatory reactions, emphasisis brought on emerging properties that are p ossessed by neither of the separated constituents. Several contributions on these aspects are included, in relation to their potential relevance to biological, medical and technologicalapplications. The whole constitutes a specific multidisciplinary new f ield. Both advanced and basic aspects of the two fields can be found the this collection of lectures. The book will not only benefit to doctoral students oryoung post-docs to learn the ropes of both subjects, but also to active researchers from one field, to catch up on the other without getting lost in the huge literature that exists in each of the particular fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Sustained Oscillations to Stationary Reaction
Diffusion Patterns
Mechanochemical Instabilities in Active Gels
An Excursion in Theoretical Non Linear Chemistry: From Oscillations to Turing Patterns
Chemomechanics: Oscillatory Dynamics in Chemoresponsive Gels
Structural Approaches on the Toughness in Double Network Hydrogels
Chemomechanical Dynamics of Responsive Gels
Autonomous Rhythmic Drug Delivery Systems Based on Chemical and Biochemomechanical Oscillators R.A. Siegel
Structure Formation and Nonlinear Dynamics in Polyelectrolyte Responsive Gels
Nonlinear Chemical
ISBN:9789048129935
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology, 1874-6489
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Differentiable dynamical systems , Thermodynamics , Soft condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540938040:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid-State Physics [electronic resource] : An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science
Author(s): Harald Ibach
Hans Lth
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This new edition of the popular introduction to solid-state physics provides a comprehensive overview on basic theoretical and experimental concepts of material science. Additional sections emphasize current topics in solid-statephysics. Notably, sec tions on important devices, aspects of non-periodic structures of matter, phase transitions, defects, superconductors and nanostructures have been added, the chapters presenting semi- and superconductivity had beencompletly updated. Students will benefit significantly from solving the exercises given at the end of each chapter. This book is intended for university students in physics, engineering and electrical engineering. This edition has beencarefully revised, updated, and enlarged. Among the key recen t developments incorporated throughout GMR (giant magneto resistance), thin-film magnetic properties, magnetic hysteresis and domain walls, quantum transport, metamaterials,and preparation techniques for nanostructures. From a review of the original editi on ... An excellent mix of concepts, theoretical arguments, and discussion of modern experiments - all at an introductory level ... Full ofillustrations, photographs, schematic diagrams of experimental techniques, and graphs of results... -- American Jou rnal of Physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chemical Bonding in Solids
Structure of Solid Matter
Diffraction from Periodic Structures
Dynamics of Atoms in Crystals
Thermal Properties
Free Electrons in Solids
The Electronic Bandstructure of Solids
Magnetism
Motion of Electrons and Transport Phenomena
Superconductivity
Dielectric Properties of Materials
Semiconductors
References
Subject Index
Periodic Table of the Elements
Table of Constants and Equivalent Values
ISBN:9783540938040
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540854166:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Theory of Magnetism [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wolfgang Nolting
Anupuru Ramakanth
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Magnetism is one of the oldest and most fundamental problems of Solid State Physics although not being fully understood up to now. On the other hand it is one of the hottest topic of current research. Practically all branches ofmodern technological d evelopments are based on ferromagnetism, especially what concerns information technology. The book, written in a tutorial style, starts from the fundamental features of atomic magnetism, discusses the essentiallysingle-particle problems of dia- and parama gnetism, in order to provide the basis for the exclusively interesting collective magnetism (ferro, ferri, antiferro). Several types of exchange interactions, which take care under certainpreconditions for a collective ordering of localized or itinerant p ermanent magnetic moments, are worked out. Under which conditions these exchange interactions are able to provoke a collective moment ordering for finite temperaturesis investigated within a series of theoretical models, each of them considered for a very special class of magnetic materials. The book is written in a tutorial style appropriate for those who want to learn magnetism and eventually todo research work in this field. Numerous exercises with full solutions for testing own attempts will help to a deep understanding of the main aspects of collective ferromagnetism
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basic Facts
Atomic Magnetism
Diamagnetism
Paramagnetism
Exchange Interaction
Ising Model
Heisenberg Model
Hubbard Model
ISBN:9783540854166
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Quantum theory , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540787679:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory and Simulation of Hard-Sphere Fluids and Related Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): ngel Mulero
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Hard spheres and related objects (hard disks and mixtures of hard systems) are paradigmatic systems: indeed, they have served as a basis for the theoretical and numerical development of a number of fields, such as general liquidsand fluids, amorphous solids, liquid crystals, colloids and granular matter, to name but a few. The present volume introduces and reviews some important basics and progress in the study of such systems. Their structure, thermodynamicproperties, equations of state, as well as kinetic and transport properties are considered from different and complementary points of view. This book addresses graduate students, lecturers as well as researchers in statisticalmechanics, physics of liquids, physical chemistry and chemical engineeri ng
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Structure of Hard Spheres and Related Systems
to the Thermodynamics of Hard Spheres and Related Systems
Equations of State for Hard Spheres and Hard Disks
Application of Hard
Sphere and Hard
Disk Equations of State to the WeeksChandlerAndersen Reference System
Binary Mixtures of Additive Hard Spheres. Simulations and Theories
Alternative Approaches to the Equilibrium Properties of Hard
Sphere Liquids
Density Functional Theories of Hard Particle Systems
Ensemble Effects in Small Systems
Modelling of Transport Properties of Hard Sphere Fluids and Related Systems, an
ISBN:9783540787679
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v753
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemical engineering , Statistical physics , Thermodynamics , Soft condensed matter , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540751175:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Multiscale Modeling of Fluids and Solids [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Martin Oliver Steinhauser
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The idea of the book is to provide a comprehensive overview of computational physics methods and techniques, that are used for materials modeling on different length and time scales. Each chapter first provides an overview of thephysical basic princi ples which are the basis for the numerical and mathematical modeling on the respective length-scale. The book includes the micro-scale, the meso-scale and the macro-scale. The chapters follow this classification.The book will explain in detail many tricks of the trade of some of the most important methods and techniques that are used to simulate materials on the perspective levels of spatial and temporal resolution. Case studies areoccasionally included to further illustrate some methods or theoretical co nsiderations. Example applications for all techniques are provided, some of which are from the authors own contributions to some of the research areas.Methods are explained, if possible, on the basis of the original publications but also references to sta ndard text books established in the various fields are mentioned
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part 1 Fundamentals: Introduction
Multiscale Computational Materials Science
Mathematical and Physical Prerequisites
Fundamentals of Numerical Simulation
Part II Computational Methods on Multiscales: Computational Methods on Electronic/Atomistic Scale
Computational Methods on Microscopic/Mesoscopic Scale
Computational Methods on Atomistic/Microscopic Scale
Computational Methods on Microscopic/Mesoscopic Scale
Perspectives in Multiscale Materials Modeling
Further Reading
Mathematical Definitions
Sample Code for the Main Routine of a MD Simulation
A Sample Mak
ISBN:9783540751175
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540745556:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics and Fluctuations far from Equilibrium [electronic resource]
Author(s): John Ross
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book deals with the formulation of the thermodynamics of chemical and other systems far from equilibrium, including connections to fluctuations. It contains applications to non-equilibrium stationary states and approaches tosuch states, systems with multiple stationary states, stability and equi-stability conditions, reaction diffusion systems, transport properties, and electrochemical systems. The theoretical treatment is complemented by experimentalresults to substantiate the formulation. Diss ipation and efficiency are analyzed in autonomous and externally forced reactions, including several biochemical systems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:PART I: Thermodynamics and Fluctuations far from Equilibrium
Introduction
Linear and Non
linear One Variable Systems
Thermodynamic State Functions for Single and Multivariable Systems
Continuation of Deterministic Approach
Reaction
Diffusion Systems and Relative Stability of Stable Stationary States
Stability and Relative Stability Related to Fluctuations
Experiments on Relative Stability in Systems with Multiple Stationary States
Thermodynamics and Stochastic Theory of Transport Processes
Thermodynamics and Stochastic Theory of Non
ideal Systems
Electrochemical E
ISBN:9783540745556
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in chemical physics, 0172-6218 : v90
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402085123:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Magnetism [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bernard Barbara
Yosef Imry
G Sawatzky
P. C. E Stamp
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is based on some of the lectures during the Pacific Institute of Theoretical Physics (PITP) summer school on Quantum Magnetism, held during June 2006 in Les Houches, in the French Alps. The school was funded jointlyby NATO, the CNRS, and PI TP, and entirely organized by PITP. Magnetism is a somewhat peculiar research field. It clearly has a quantum-mechanical basis the microsopic exchange interactions arise entirely from the exclusionprinciple, in conjunction with respulsive interactions be tween electrons. And yet until recently the vast majority of magnetism researchers and users of magnetic phenomena around the world paid no attention to these quantum-mechanicalroots. Thus, eg., the huge ($400 billion per annum) industry which manufacture s hard discs, and other components in the information technology sector, depends entirely on room-temperature properties of magnets - yet at the macroscopicor mesoscopic scales of interest to this industry, room-temperature magnets behave entirely classic ally. This situation has now begun to change, and the quantum collective properties of magnetic systems, for so long of interest only toa few, have begun to move to centre stage. There are several reasons for this. One is the increasing use of low tempera tures in industrial and applied research labs, and the recognition that the low-T properties of many new magneticmaterials are of great potential use in future devices. Another is the emergence of nanoscience, and its offshoot nanotechnology, as an import ant new discipline the majority of high-tech applications of nanotechnology so farenvisaged will also be low-temperature ones. All this has meant that collective quantum phenomena, occurring at low T in quantum dots, magnetic molecules, and nanoscopic co nductors, have suddenly become interesting to more than justpure physics researchers. The design of new magnetic quantum materials, of spin-based quantum devices in low-dimensional geometries, a
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Gentle Introduction to the Functional Renormalization Group: the Kondo Effect in Quantum Dots
Halfvortices in Flat Nanomagnets
Spin Structure and Dynamical Magnetic Response of Spin
Orbital Polarons in Lightly Doped Cobaltates
Quantum Corrections to the Ising Interactions in LiY1
xHoxF4
Spin
orbital
lattice Physics in a Ca
based Ruthenates
Local Moment Approach to Multi
orbital Anderson and Hubbard Models
High Field Level Crossing Studies on Spin Dimers in the Low Dimensional Quantum Spin System Na2T2(C2O4)3(H2O)2 with T=Ni,Co,Fe,Mn
Quantum Nanomagnets and Nuclear Spins:
ISBN:9781402085123
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Quantum theory , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540724940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Charge Migration in DNA [electronic resource] : Perspectives from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology
Author(s): Tapash Chakraborty
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Charge migration through DNA has been the focus of considerable interest in recent years. A deeper understanding of the nature of charge transfer and transport along the double helix is important in fields as diverse as physics,chemistry and nanotech nology. It has also important implications in biology, in particular in DNA damage and repair. This book presents contributions from an international team of researchers active in this field. It contains a widerange of topics that includes the mathematica l background of the quantum processes involved, the role of charge transfer in DNA radiation damage, a new approach to DNA sequencing, DNA photonics, and many others. This book should be ofvalue to researchers in condensed matter physics, chemical physics , physical chemistry, and nanoscale sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Tight
Binding Modeling of Charge Migration in DNA Devices
Mechanism and Absolute Rates of Charge Transfer Through DNA
Variable
Range Charge Hopping in DNA
Atomistic Models of DNA Charge Transfer
Physics Aspects of Charge Migration Through DNA
Vibronic Mechanisms for Charge Transport and Migration Through DNA and Single Molecules
The Role of Charge and Spin Migration in DNA Radiation Damage
DNA
Based Thermoelectric Nanodevices: A Theoretical Perspective
Transverse Electronic Signature of DNA for Electronic Sequencing
DNA Photonics Probing Light
Induced Dynamics in
ISBN:9783540724940
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NanoScience and Technology, 1434-4904
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Bioinformatics , Quantum optics , Biomedical engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540462774:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cybernetical Physics [electronic resource] : From Control of Chaos to Quantum Control
Author(s): Alexander L Fradkov
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The control of complex systems is one of the most important aspects in dealing with systems exhibiting nonlinear behaviour or similar features that defy traditional control techniques. This specific subject is gradually becomingknown as cybernetical physics, borrowing methods from both theoretical physics and control engineering. This book is, perhaps, the first attempt to present a unified exposition of the subject and methodology of cybernetical physics aswell as solutions to some of its problems. Emphasis of the book is on the examination of fundamental limits on energy transformation by means of control procedures in both conservative and dissipative systems. A survey of applicationin physics includes the control of chaos, synchronisation of coup led oscillators, pendulum chains, reactions in physical chemistry and of quantum systems such as the dissociation of diatomic molecules. This book has been written havingresearchers from various backgrounds in physics, mathematics and engineering in mind and is thus also suitable as introduction to graduate students working on the understanding of a broad range of complex systems in the naturalsciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction. Physics and Cybernetics
Subject and Methodology of Cybernetical Physics
Control of Conservative Systems
Control of Dissipative Systems
Controlled Synchronization
Control of Chaos
Control of Interconnected and Distributed Systems
Control Algorithms and Evolution of Physical Systems
Examples
Conclusions
ISBN:9783540462774
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Systems theory , Engineering , Vibration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540334019:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Defects in Semiconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): David A Drabold
Stefan K Estreicher
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Semiconductor science and technology is the art of defect engineering. The theoretical modeling of defects has improved dramatically over the past decade. These tools are now applied to a wide range of materials issues: quantumdots, buckyballs, spint ronics, interfaces, amorphous systems, and many others. This volume presents a coherent and detailed description of the field, and brings together leaders in theoretical research. Today's state-of-the-art, aswell as tomorrows tools, are discussed: the sup ercell-pseudopotential method, the GW formalism,Quantum Monte Carlo, learn-on-the-fly molecular dynamics, finite-temperature treatments, etc. A wealth of applications are included, frompoint defects to wafer bonding or the propagation of dislocation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Defect Theroy: An Armchair History
2. Supercell Methods for Defect Calculations
3. Marker
Method Calculations for Electrical Levels Using Gaussian
orbital Basis
sets
4. Dynamical Matrices and Free Energies
5. The Calculation of Free Energies in Semiconductors: Defects, Transitions and Phase Diagrams
6. Quantum Monte Carlo Techniques and Defects in Semiconductors
7. Quasiparticle Calculations for Point Defects at Semiconductor Surfaces
8. Multiscale Modelling of Defects in Semiconductors: A Novel Molecular Dynamics Scheme
9. Empirical Molecular Dynamics: Possibilities
ISBN:9783540334019
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v104
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Condensed matter , Physical optics , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402063305:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanostructured Soft Matter [electronic resource] : Experiment, Theory, Simulation and Perspectives
Author(s): Andrei V Zvelindovsky
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an interdisciplinary overview of a new and broad class of materials under the unifying name Nanostructured Soft Matter. It covers materials ranging from short amphiphilic molecules to block copolymers, proteins,colloids and their c omposites, microemulsions and bio-inspired systems such as vesicles. The book considers several fundamental questions, including: how self-assembly of various soft materials with internal structure at the nanoscalecan be understood, controlled and in futu re used in the newly emerging field of soft nanotechnology. The book offers readers a view on the subject from different perspectives, combining modern experimental approaches from physicalchemistry and physics with various theoretical techniques from phy sics, mathematics and the most advanced computer modelling. It is the first book of this sort in the field. All chapters are written by leading international experts,bringing together experience from Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, Spain and the USA. The book is oriented towards active researchers as well as undergraduate and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Preface. List of Contributors
Part I: Experimental Advances
Part II: Mathematical and Theoretical Approaches
Part III: Computer Simulations
Index
ISBN:9781402063305
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NanoScience and Technology, 1434-4904
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402057960:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Factorization Method in Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shi-Hai Dong
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This Work introduces the factorization method in quantum mechanics at an advanced level with an aim to put mathematical and physical concepts and techniques like the factorization method, Lie algebras, matrix elements and quantumcontrol at the Reader s disposal. For this purpose a comprehensive description is provided of the factorization method and its wide applications in quantum mechanics which complements the traditional coverage found in the existingquantum mechanics textbooks. Related to this cl assic method are the supersymmetric quantum mechanics, shape invariant potentials and group theoretical approaches. It is no exaggeration to say that this method has become the milestoneof these approaches. In fact the Authors driving force has been his d esire to provide a comprehensive review volume that includes some new and significant results about the factorization method in quantum mechanics since theliterature is inundated with scattered articles in this field, and to pave the Readers way into this territory as rapidly as possible. The result: clear and understandable derivations with the necessary mathematical steps includedso that the intelligent reader should be able to follow the text with relative ease, in particular when mathematically diffic ult material is presented. Audience: Researchers and students of physics, mathematics, chemistry andelectrical engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402057960
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v150
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387350691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Quantum Theory of Atoms and Molecules [electronic resource] : Theory and Computation
Author(s): I. P Grant
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents a unified approach to modern relativistic theory of the electronic structure of atoms and molecules which will provide experimental and theoretical scientists and graduate students with a range of powerfulcomputational tools for a growing range of physical, chemical, technological and biochemical applications. Starting from its foundations in quantum electrodynamics, the book contains a careful account of relativistic atomic andmolecular structure based on Dirac's relativistic Hami ltonian, and the numerical algorithms implemented by modern computer programs. The relativistic atomic structure code GRASP, which can compute atomic energy levels, radiativetransition rates and other atomic properties using the multiconfigurational Dirac -Hartree-Fock or relativistic configuration interaction methods, is reviewed along with the relativistic R-matrix code DARC, which is used for the highprecision modelling of the interactions of atoms and ions with photons and electrons. The recently devel oped BERTHA relativistic molecular structure code, the first to exploit fully the symmetry properties of Dirac 4-component spinors,provides a new resource for studying the properties of molecules, atomic clusters and other materials, especially those cont aining heavy elements for which a relativistic model is essential
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Relativity in atomic and molecular physics
Relativity in atomic and molecular physics
Foundations
Relativistic wave equations for free particles
The Dirac Equation
Quantum electrodynamics
Computational atomic and molecular structure
Analysis and approximation of Dirac Hamiltonians
Complex atoms
Computation of atomic structures
Computation of atomic properties
Continuum processes in many
electron atoms
Molecular structure methods
Relativistic calculation of molecular properties
Frequently used formulae and data
Frequently used formulae and data
Su
ISBN:9780387350691
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v40
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Molecular structure
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