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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD CLIMATIC CHANGES *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/10993.1 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword climatic changes ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401787895:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Earth's Hydrological Cycle [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lennart Bengtsson
R.-M Bonnet
M Calisto
G Destouni
R Gurney
J Johannessen
Y Kerr
W.A Lahoz
M Rast
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book gives a comprehensive presentation of our present understanding of the Earth's Hydrological cycle and the problems, consequences and impacts that go with this topic. Water is a central component in the Earth's system.It is indispensable for life on Earth in its present form and influences virtually every aspect of our planet's life support system. On relatively short time scales, atmospheric water vapor interacts with the atmospheric circulationand is crucial in forming the Earth's climate zones. Water vapor is the most powerful of the greenhouse gases and serves to enhance the tropospheric temperature. The dominant part of available water on Earth resides in the oceans.Parts are locked up in the land ice on Greenland and Antarctica and a s maller part is estimated to exist as groundwater. If all the ice over the land and all the glaciers were to melt, the sea level would rise by some 80 m. Incomparison, the total amount of water vapor in the atmosphere is small it amounts to ~ 25 kg/m2, or the equivalent of 25 mm water for each column of air. Yet atmospheric water vapor is crucial for the Earths energy balance. Thebook gives an up to date presentation of the present knowledge. Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 35, No. 3, 2014
Contents:Foreword
Review of understanding of Earths hydrological cycle: Observations, theory and modeling
Challenges in water cycle research
Physically consistent responses of the global atmospheric cycle in models and observations
Quantifying and reducing uncertainties in the large scale response of the water cycle
Conceptual problems in Land Surface Data Assimilation
Initialisation of land surface variables for Numerical Weather Prediction
Closing the gaps in our knowledge of the hydrological cycle over land: Conceptual problems
Toward improved estimation of the dynamic top
ISBN:9789401787895
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI, 1385-7525 : v46
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Oceanography , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319044866:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Risk - A Multidisciplinary Introduction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Claudia Klppelberg
Daniel Straub
Isabell M Welpe
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is a unique book addressing the integration of risk methodology from various fields. It stimulates intellectual debate and communication across disciplines, promotes better risk management practices and contributes to thedevelopment of risk mana gement methodologies. Book chapters explain fundamental risk models and measurement, and address risk and security issues from diverse areas such as finance and insurance, health sciences, life sciences,engineering and information science. Integrated Risk Sciences is an emerging field, that considers risks in different fields aiming at a common language, and at sharing and improving methods developed in different fields. Readersshould have a Bachelor degree and at least one basic university course in stat istics and probability. The main goal of the book is to provide basic knowledge on risk and security in a common language the authors have taken particularcare to ensure that each chapter can be understood by doctoral students and researchers across disci plines. Each chapter provides simple case studies and examples, open research questions and discussion points, and a selectedbibliography inviting the reader to further studies
Contents:Introduction
Part One. Risk in History and Science: Zachmann, K.: Risk in historical perspective: concepts, contexts, and conjunctions
Ltge, C., Schnebel, E., Westphal, N.: Risk management and business ethics: integrating the human factor
Straub, D., Welpe, I.: Decision
making under risk: a normative and behavioral perspective
Mainzer, K.: The new role of mathematical modelling and its importance for society
Part Two. Quantitative Risk Methodology: Biagini, F. , Meyer
Brandis, T. and Svindland, G. :The mathematical concept of risk
Fasen, V., Klppelberg, C., Menzel, A.: Qu
ISBN:9783319044866
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geology , Computer science , Distribution (Probability theory) , Statistics , System safety , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319026572:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alessandra Celletti
Ugo Locatelli
Tommaso Ruggeri
Elisabetta Strickland
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In 2013 several scientific activities have been devoted to mathematical researches for the study of planet Earth. The current volume presents a selection of the highly topical issues presented at the workshop MathematicalModels and Methods for Planet Earth, held in Roma (Italy), in May 2013. The fields of interest span from impacts of dangerous asteroids to the safeguard from space debris, from climatic changes to monitoring geological events, fromthe study of tumor growth to sociological problems. I n all these fields the mathematical studies play a relevant role as a tool for the analysis of specific topics and as an ingredient of multidisciplinary problems. To investigatethese problems we will see many different mathematical tools at work: just to mention some, stochastic processes, PDE, normal forms, chaos theory
Contents:1 Christiane Rousseau: Mathematics of Planet Earth
2 Laure Saint
Raymond: The role of boundary layers in the large
scale ocean circulation
3 Paolo Dai Pra: Noise
induced periodicity: some stochastic models for complex biological systems
4 Andrea Tosin: Kinetic equations and stochastic game theory for social systems
5 Luigi Preziosi: Using mathematical modelling as a virtual microscope to support biomedical research
6 Adriano Barra: Ferromagnetic models for cooperative behavior: Revisiting Universality in complex phenomena
7 Ettore Perozzi:
ISBN:9783319026572
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer INdAM Series, 2281-518X : v6
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Geography , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642320842:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Analysis of Climate Series [electronic resource] : Analyzing, Plotting, Modeling, and Predicting with R
Author(s): Helmut Pruscha
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book presents the application of statistical methods to climatological data on temperature and precipitation. It provides specific techniques for treating series of yearly, monthly and daily records. The results potentialrelevance in the climate context is discussed. The methodical tools are taken from time series analysis, from periodogram and wavelet analysis, from correlation and principal component analysis, and from categorical data and event-timeanalysis. The applied models are - among othe rs - the ARIMA and GARCH model, and inhomogeneous Poisson processes. Further, we deal with a number of special statistical topics, e.g. the problem of trend-, season- andautocorrelation-adjustment, and with simultaneous statistical inference. Programs in R and data sets on climate series, provided at the authors homepage, enable readers (statisticians, meteorologists, other natural scientists) toperform their own exercises and discover their own applications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Climate series
Trend and Season
Correlation: From Yearly to Daily Data
Model and Prediction: Yearly Data
Model and Prediction: Monthly Data
Analysis of Daily Data
Spectral Analysis
Complements
Appendices: A: Excerpt from Climate Data Sets
B: Some Aspects of Time Series
C:Categorical Data Analysis
References
Index
ISBN:9783642320842
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Meteorology , Mathematical statistics , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319015057:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Long-Range Dependence and Sea Level Forecasting [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ali Ercan
M. Levent Kavvas
Rovshan K Abbasov
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This study shows that the Caspian Sea level time series possess long range dependence even after removing linear trends, based on analyses of the Hurst statistic, the sample autocorrelation functions, and the periodogram of theseries. Forecasting per formance of ARMA, ARIMA, ARFIMA and Trend Line-ARFIMA (TL-ARFIMA) combination models are investigated. The forecast confidence bands and the forecast updating methodology, provided for ARIMA models in theliterature, are modified for the ARFIMA models. Sam ple autocorrelation functions are utilized to estimate the differencing lengths of the ARFIMA models. The confidence bands of the forecasts are estimated using the probabilitydensities of the residuals without assuming a known distribution. There are no l ong-term sea level records for the region of Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysias Sabah-Sarawak northern region of Borneo Island. In such cases the GlobalClimate Model (GCM) projections for the 21st century can be downscaled to the Malaysia region by means o f regression techniques, utilizing the short records of satellite altimeters in this region against the GCM projections during amutual observation period. This bookwill be useful for engineers and researchers working in the areas of applied statistics, cl imate change, sea level change, time series analysis, applied earth sciences, and nonlinear dynamics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Long
Range Dependence and ARFIMA Models
3. Forecasting, Confidence Band Estimation and Updating
4.Case Study I: Caspian Sea Level
5.Case Study II: Sea Level Change at Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah
Sarawak
6. Summary and Conclusions
7. References
ISBN:9783319015057
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461457701:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geoengineering Responses to Climate Change [electronic resource] : Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
Author(s): Tim Lenton
Naomi Vaughan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Failure by the international community to make substantive progress in reducing CO2 emissions, coupled with recent evidence of accelerating climate change, has brought increasing urgency to the search for additional remediationapproaches. This book p resents a selection of state-of-the-art geoengineering methods for deliberately reducing the effects of anthropogenic climate change, either by actively removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere or bydecreasing the amount of sunlight absorbed at the E arths surface. These methods contrast with more conventional mitigation approaches which focus on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide. Geoengineeringtechnologies could become a key tool to be used in conjunction with emission s reduction to limit the magnitude of climate change. Featuring authoritative, peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science andTechnology, this book presents a wide range of climate change remediation technologies. Examines the po tential of geoengineering technologies to contribute to the goal of restricting global warming to within 2C of preindustriallevels Discusses carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and solar radiation management (SDR) Places the technologies discussed in their prope r social, political, and ethical contexts Provides valuable insights for audiences ranging fromresearchers and industry experts to policy makers and university-level students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Sunshades for Solar Radiation Management
3. Stratospheric Aerosols for Solar Radiation Management
4. Solar Radiation Management, Cloud Albedo Enhancement
5. Ocean Fertilization for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere
6. Biochar, Tool for Climate Change Mitigation and Soil Management
7. Carbon Dioxide Sequestration, Weathering Approaches to
8. Geoengineering Policy and Governance Issues
Index
ISBN:9781461457701
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Meteorology , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461457671:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Climate Change Modeling Methodology [electronic resource] : Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
Author(s): Philip J Rasch
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Earth's average temperature has risen by 1.4F over the past century, and computer models project that it will rise much more over the next hundred years, with significant impacts on weather, climate, and human society. Manyclimate scientists attr ibute these increases to the buildup of greenhouse gases produced by the burning of fossil fuels and to the anthropogenic production of short-lived climate pollutants. Climate Change Modeling Methodologies:Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustain ability Science and Technology provides readers with an introduction to the tools and analysis techniques used by climate change scientists to interpret the role of these forcing agentson climate. Readers will also gain a deeper understanding of the stren gths and weaknesses of these models and how to test and assess them. The contributions include a glossary of key terms and a concise definition of the subjectfor each topic, as well as recommendations for sources of more detailed information. Features aut horitative, peer-reviewed contributions on the development and use ofcontemporary methods in climate change science Provides insightinto the construction, assessment, and testing of climate models Covers individual component models for the atmosphere, oce an, land, and ice, and discusses their contribution to an example of climate change in monsoon systems Discusseshow climate change models can shed light on the changing climate of the past and on possible shifts in the future
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Introduction
2. Coupled Climate and Earth System Models
3. Cryosphere, Modeling of
4. Oceanic General Circulation Models
5. Weather Prediction Models
6. Atmospheric General Circulation Modeling
7. Earth System Model, Modeling the Land Component of
8. Integrated Assessment Modeling
9. Regional Climate Models
10. Climate Change Projections: Characterizing Uncertainty Using Climate Models
11. Climate Predictions, Seasonal
to
Decadal
12. Monsoon Systems, Modeling of
Index
ISBN:9781461457671
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer simulation , Climatic changes , Sustainable development
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461446088:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy and the Climate Crisis [electronic resource]
Author(s): Antony Cooke
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Climate change is one of the most hotly debated issues of today. Increasing global temperatures will impact all of us. There are more questions than answers, however, and sweeping statements on the subject made by public figures,often with little sci entific understanding, only further confuses public opinion. Astronomical factors, apart from passing references to the Sun, are given short shrift in relation to climate change. However, they might be amongst themajor determinants of it. A presentation o f those that have been studied that some scientists suspect might be involved are featured in this book. Included is an in-depth look at the physics of climate itself, the potential effectsof the Sun, solar storms, sunspots, solar variability, the magneto sphere, solar cycles, influences of nearby planets, orbital factors, cosmic rays, possible galactic influences, monitoring from space, even climate change elsewhere inthe solar system, and much more. The greatest challenge climate change scientists face i s determining actual world climate statistics and analyzing the historical record. Another challenge lies in evaluating all of the various theoriesthat have been proposed. Is the current climate crisis completely human-induced, as some very credible sourc es say, or only partly human-induced.? Is carbon dioxide even the real threat? If not, what is? Astronomy and the ClimateCrisis is a serious attempt to reconcile the various scientific climate change studies, highlighting in particular the astronomical fa ctors that are possibly hidden culprits. This book can help you to become informed and join thedebate. You might be very surprised at what you find out!
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: The Astronomical Connection
Chapter 2: The Physics of a Crisis
Chapter 3: Climate and Weather
Chapter 4: The Physics of a Crisis
Chapter 5: Short
Term Climate Variation
Chapter 6: Gravitational Interactions of the Solar System
Chapter 7: Understanding the Larger Solar Cycles
Chapter 8: Climate Models
Chapter 9: Interpretations of the Data
Chapter 10: Global Warming on Other Worlds
Chapter 11: Ice Ages and Long
Term Cycles
Chapter 12: Cosmic Crisis
Index
ISBN:9781461446088
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Planetology , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441978202:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Indispensable Truth [electronic resource] How Fusion Power Can Save the Planet
Author(s): Francis F Chen
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Both global warming and oil shortage can be solved by controlled fusion, a clean power source that will serve mankind for millennia. The idea of hydrogen fusion as well as its difficulties are presented in non-technicallanguage to dispel the notion t hat fusion is always 50 years away. This book also summarizes the evidence for climate change and explains the principles of both fossil and green energy sources to show that fusion is the bestalternative for central-station power in the near term as well as the far future. Praise for An Indispensable Truth: How Fusion Power Can Save the Planet: In this study Professor Chen outlines the underlying physics, recent progressin achieving advanced plasmas and magnetic confinement, and hopes for the future. He recognizes the difficulties that remain in engineering a fusion reactor, but he remains optimistic regarding ultimate success, yet fearful of theconsequences were we to fail.- James R. Schlesinger, former Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission Director, Centr al Intelligence Agency Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Energy With lots of detail and examples, Chen brings thetechnical topic of fusion to life, making the book a great read for scientists and nonscientists alike.- Representative Rush Holt (D-NJ) P rofessor Chen has opened the door to energy survival for our globe. His insightful analysismakes the case for fusion energy, and he conveys both its complexity and its promise. This book is a must for all those who are concerned about the energy future of our species.- Raymond L Orbach, former Undersecretary for Science,U.S. Department of Energy This is an important book for anyone who wishes to understand the greatest challenge we face. Frank Chen makes the science of fusion and energy clear, compelling, and hugely enjoyable.- Steven Cowley,Director and CEO, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Prologue
The Evidence for Climate Change
The Future of Energy I: Fossil Fuels
The Future of Energy II: Renewable Energy
Fusion: Energy from the Seawater
Perfecting the Magnetic Bottle
The Remarkable Tokamak
Evolution and Physics of the Tokamak
A Half
century of Progress
Engineering: The Big Challenge
Fusion Concepts for the Future
Conclusions
Epilogue
ISBN:9781441978202
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion , Renewable energy sources , Climatic changes , Sustainable development
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402068812:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun [electronic resource] A User's Manual
Author(s): Claudio Vita-Finzi
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Sun is an account of the many ways in which our nearest star affects our planet, how its influence has changed over the last few centuries and millennia, and the extent to which we can predict its future impact. The Sun's raysfoster the formation of Vitamin D by our bodies, but it can also promote skin cancer, cataracts, and mutations in our DNA. Besides providing the warmth and light essential to most animal and plant life, solar energy contributessubstantially to global warming. Although the ch arged particles of the solar wind shield us from harmful cosmic rays, solar storms may damage artificial satellites and cripple communication systems and computer networks. The Sun is theideal renewable energy source, but its exploitation is still bedevil led by the problems of storage and distribution. Our nearest star, in short, is a complex machine which needs to be treated with caution, and this book will equipevery reader with the knowledge that is required to understand the benefits and dangers it ca n bring
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Looking at the Sun
2. Inside the Sun
3. The changable Sun
4. Sun and climate
5. Sun and life
6. Sun and health
7. Space weather
8. Solar energy
Index
ISBN:9781402068812
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540345787:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space Weather- Physics and Effects [electronic resource]
Author(s): Volker Bothmer
Ioannis A Daglis
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is a state-of-the-art review on the physics of space weather and on space weather impacts on human technology, including manned spaceflight. With contributions from a team of international experts, this comprehensivework covers all aspects of space weather physical processes, and all known aspects of space hazards from humans, both in space and on Earth. Space Weather - Physics and Effects provides the first comprehensive, scientific background ofspace storms caused by the sun and its impac t on geospace focuses on weather issues that have become vital for the development of nationwide technological infrastructures explains magnetic storms on Earth, including the effects of EUVradiation on the atmosphere is an invaluable aid in establishing real-time weather forecasts details the threat that solar effects might have on modern telecommunication systems, including national power grid systems, aircraft andmanned spaceflight
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Space weather forecasting historically viewed through the lens of meteorology
The Sun as the prime source of space weather
The coupling of the solar wind to the Earths magnetosphere
Major radiation environments in the heliosphere and their implications for interplanetary travel
Radiation belts and ring current
Ionospheric response
Solar effects in the middle and lower stratosphere and probable associations with the troposphere
Space weather effects on communications
Space weather effects on power grids
Space weather impacts on space radiation protection
Effects
ISBN:9783540345787
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Astrophysics , Climatic changes , Environmental toxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402056048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:THE SUN AND SPACE WEATHER [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): ARNOLD HANSLMEIER
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This second edition is a great enhancement of literature which will help the reader get deeper into the specific topics. There are new sections included such as space weather data sources and examples, new satellite missions, andthe latest results. A t the end a comprehensive index is given which will allow the reader to quickly find his topics of interest. The Sun and Space weather are two rapidly evolving topics. The importance of the Sun for the Earth, lifeon Earth, climate and weather processes wa s recognized long ago by the ancients. Now, for the first time there is a continuous surveillance of solar activity at nearly all wavelengths. These data can be used to improve ourunderstanding of the complex Sun-Earth interaction. The first chapters of t he book deal with the Sun as a star and its activity phenomena as well as its activity cycle in order to understand the complex physics of the Sun-Earth system.The reader will see that there are many phenomena but still no definite explanations and models exist for many of them. Other topics are the influences on the Earths atmosphere, long and short term climate variations. The lastchapters discuss the protection against enhanced radiation environment in view of upcoming manned missions to the Moon and M ars, and the threat from space debris, asteroids and meteoroids. Since the field is quite interdisciplinary,the book will be of interest to scientists working in different fields such as solar physics, geophysics, and space physics
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402056048
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE LIBRARY, 0067-0057 : v347
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402037306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System [electronic resource]
Author(s): M Vzquez
A Hanslmeier
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:UV radiation is an important part in the electromagnetic spectrum since the energy of the photons is great enough to produce important chemical reactions in the atmospheres of planets and satellites of our Solar System, therebyaffecting the transmiss ion of this radiation to the ground and its physical properties. Scientists have used different techniques (balloons and rockets) to access to the information contained in this radiation, but the pioneering ofthis new frontier has not been free of dangers . The Sun is our main source of UV radiation and its description occupies the first two chapters of the book. The Earth is the only known location where life exists in a planetary systemand therefore where the interaction of living organism with UV radiat ion can be tested through different epochs and on distinct species. The development of the human technology has affected the natural shield of ozone that protectscomplex lifeforms against damaging UV irradiation. The formation of the ozone hole and its co nsequences are described, together with the possible contribution of UV radiation to recent climate changes. Finally, we will discuss thepotential role of ultraviolet light in the development of life on bodies such as Mars, Europa and Titan. The Solar Sys tem is not isolated other external sources can contribute to the enhancement of the UV radiation in our environment.The influence of such events as nearby supernovae and gamma-ray bursts are described, together with the consequences to terrestrial life fr om such events
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Historical Introduction
Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Magnetism
The Solar UV Variability
Atmospheric Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation
UV Radiation, Ozone and Life
UV Fluxes on Other Bodies of the Solar System
Ultraviolet Transitory Events and Life
ISBN:9781402037306
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library : v331
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Oncology , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Astrobiology , Climatic changes , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387376257:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) [electronic resource] Mission Description and Early Results
Author(s): G Rottman
T Woods
V George
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the state-of-the art instruments for measuring the solar irradiance from soft x-ray to the near infrared and the total solar irradiance. Furthermore, the SORCE mission and early results on solar variability arepresented along with papers that provide an overview of solar influences on Earth
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387376257
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astrophysics , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783540484103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Cold-Region Thermal Engineering and Sciences Technological, Environmental, and Climatological Impact Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium Held in Darmstadt, Germany, 22–25 August 1999
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (610 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104166
Contents:Some observations on the historical development of conduction heat transfer -- Numerical and experimental investigation on frosting of energy-recovery ventilator -- Melting of unfixed material inside an elliptical capsule --
Experimental study on the critical heat flux of ice accretion along a fine wire immersed in a cold air flow with water spray -- The characteristics of frost growth on parallel plates -- Effect of ultrasonic waves on freezing of
supercooled water -- Numerical modeling of dendritic ice crystals -- Measurement of temperature and velocity fields of freezing water using liquid crystal tracers -- Heat transfer enhancement of a direct contact melting process by
oscillating motion -- Permeability of an aqueous solution in a state of partial solidification -- Lateral freezing of a porous medium saturated with an aqueous salt solution -- Spontaneous melting of ice in a CaCl2 solution -- An
analytic solution prescribing the time-dependent formation of a solid crust inside a convectively cooled plane channel -- Melting heat-transfer characteristics of an inclined ice plate immersed in a hydrophobic liquid -- Plane flow of
an ice sheet exhibiting strain-induced anisotropy -- A meso-macro model for the description of induced anisotropy of natural ice, including grain interaction -- Classical mixture models for polythermal ice -- Modelling the ice
single-crystal viscoplastic behaviour -- Remarks on self-consistent modelling of polycrystalline ice -- Anisotropic isothermal ice-cap flow with the shallow ice approximation -- Orthotropic viscous model for ice -- Tertiary flow
relations for compression and shear components in combined stress tests on ice -- An iterative solution procedure for shallow stokes flows. The shallow ice approximation revisited -- Nested high-resolution modelling of the greenland
summit region -- Numerical age computation of the antarctic ice sheet for dating deep ice cores -- Three-dimensional isothermal boundary layer solutions of slow creeping ice flows based on the shallow ice approximation -- A comparison
study between two visco-plastic sea-ice models -- Influence of ice accumulation distribution on ice sheet stability -- A computational procedure for instationary temperature-dependent snow creep -- Transformation of the snow crystal to
a particle of ice -- Temperature and temperature gradient dependence of snow recrystallization in depth hoar snow -- On creep flow of snow and firn -- Relation of temperature gradient to heat transfer in snow -- Methods of similitude
in granular avalanche flows -- Experimental study of gas hydrate formation in porous media -- Electroacoustic technique to study changes in the liquid phase state of frozen soils -- Permeability effects on winter-time natural
convection in gravel embankments -- Barothermic effect and temperature regime of frozen soil -- Detecting alpine permafrost using electro-magnetic methods -- Climatic warming and permafrost -- The monitoring and prediction of
permafrost temperature, distribution and geocryological processes within russia under global climate changes -- Thermally induced temporal strain variations in rock walls observed at subzero temperatures -- Soil microstructure and the
thermodynamic behaviour of permafrost affected soils -- Heat transfer in heat storage arrangements under melting -- Microscale analysis of ice crystals made from aqueous solutions by scanning tunneling microscope -- Development study
of a novel tower-style tank for simultaneous storing warm water and ice -- Latent heat storage in a fixed-bed packed with cross-linked polymer particles -- Development of an efficient static-type ice thermal energy storage vessel using
a low concentration aqueous solution -- Heat storage for a bus petrol internal-combustion engine -- Heat pumps and heat pipes for applications in cold regions
ISBN:9783540484103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 533
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Engineering , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Engines , Machinery , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Engine Technology , Engineering, general , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461541974:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reconstructing Ocean History A Window into the Future
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (443 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4197-4
Contents:Polar-Tropical and Interhemisphere Linkages -- 1. Polar Tropical and Interhemispheric Linkages: An Introduction -- 2. The Overturning Circulation of the Glacial Atlantic: A View from the Top -- 3. Atlantic Alkenone Sea-Surface
Temperature Records: Low Versus Mid Latitudes and Differences between Hemispheres -- 4. Long- /Short-Term Variations of Monsoon Climate and Its Tele- Connection to Global Change: High Resolution Grain Size Records of Siliciclastic
Sediments from the South China Sea -- Does the Ocean Cause, or Respond to, Abrupt Climatic Changes -- 5. Abrupt Climatic Changes—Causes and Consequences: An Introduction -- 6. Glacial and Interglacial Hydrological Changes in the North
Atlantic Ocean -- 7. Age Screening of Deep-Sea Corals and the Record of Deep North Atlantic Circulation Change at 15.4ka -- 8. Phase Lag of Antarctic and Greenland Temperature in the Last Glacial and Link between CO2 Variations and
Heinrich Events -- 9. Rapid Transitions of the Thermohaline Ocean Circulation: A Modelling Perspective -- 10. On the Reconstruction of Past Levels of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide -- Biotic Responses to Major Paleoceanographic Changes --
11. An Introduction to “Biotic Responses to Major Paleoceanographic Changes” -- 12. Hydrographic and Tectonic Control of Plankton Distribution and Evolution -- 13. Benthic Foraminiferal Response to Major Paleoceanographic Changes: A
View of the Deep-Sea Restaurant Menu -- 14. Using Planktonic Foraminifera as Monitors of the Tropical Surface Ocean -- 15. Primary Production Response to Orbitally Induced Variations of the Southern Oscillation in the Equatorial Indian
Ocean -- Past Warm Climates -- 16. Polar Stratospheric Cloud Forcing in a Greenhouse World: A Climate Modeling Sensitivity Study -- 17. Variability of Extreme Cretaceous-Paleogene Climates: Evidence from Blake Nose (ODP Leg 171B) --
Innovations in Monitoring Ocean History -- 18. Innovations in Monitoring Ocean History: An Introduction to Paleoceanographic Proxies -- 19. Deconvolving Glacial Ocean Carbonate Chemistry from the Planktonic Foraminifera Carbon Isotope
Record -- 20. Non-Invasive Sediment Monitoring Methods: Current and Future Tools for High-Resolution Climate Studies -- 21. Controls on the Carbon Isotopic Composition of Phytoplankton: Paleoceanographic Perspectives -- 22. Past and
Present Coastal Upwelling along the Western Americas -- 23. Magnetic Signature of Rapid Climatic Variations in North Atlantic Sediments
ISBN:9781461541974
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Paleontology , Sedimentology , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Geophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Oceanography , Paleontology , Sedimentology , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401109505:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun as a Variable Star: Solar and Stellar Irradiance Variations Proceedings of the 143rd Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in the Clarion Harvest House, Boulder, Colorado, June 20–25, 1993
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (319 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0950-5
Contents:Cryogenic Solar Absolute Radiometer — CSAR -- A Review of the Nimbus-7 ERB Solar Dataset -- Long-Term Variations in Total Solar Irradiance -- Solar Total Irradiance Variability from SOVA 2 on Board EURECA -- The Periodicity of Solar
Activity Cycles -- Maximum and Minimum Temperatures at Armagh Observatory, 1844–1992, and the Length of the Sunspot Cycle -- Photometer “DIFOS” for the Study of Solar Brightness Variations -- The Brightness of the Solar Disk in the
Continuum in the Region 1.0–2.4 ?m -- Irradiance Observations of the 1–8 Å Solar Soft X-Ray Flux from GOES -- Comparisons of the Mg II Index Products from the NOAA-9 and NOAA-11 SBUV/2 Instruments -- The Solar Ca II K Index and the Mg
II Core-to-Wing Ratio -- Solar EUV Flux Variations near Activity Maxima -- The X-Ray-EUV Spectrum of Optically Thin Plasmas -- List of Stars Recommended as Spectrophotometric Standards -- Variable Stars with the Hipparcos Satellite --
Variation of the Solar Diameter from Solar Eclipse Observations, 1715–1991 -- Latitudinal Variation of the Solar Limb-Darkening function -- Improvement of the Photometric Sunspot Index and Changes of the Disk-Integrated Sunspot
Contrast with Time -- Modelling Solar Irradiance Variations with an Area Dependent Photometric Sunspot Index -- On the Cause of Total Irradiance Variations Observed by the CCD Solar Surface Photometer -- Latitude and Cycle Variations
of the Photospheric Network -- Variability of the Solar Chromospheric Network over the Solar Cycle -- A Yohkoh Search for “Black-Light Flares” -- Coronal Index of Solar Activity: Years 1939–1963 -- Rotational Characteristics of the
Green Solar Corona: 1964–1989 -- Solar Cycle Variation of the Microwave Spectrum and Total Irradiance -- Solar Brightness Distribution and Its Variability at 3 Millimeter Wavelength -- Latitudinal Variability of Large-Scale Coronal
Temperature and Its Association with the Density and the Global Magnetic Field -- Active Region Evolution and Solar Flux Variations -- On the Variability of Some Characteristics of Solar Radiative Flux -- Lyman-Alpha Line Intensity as
a Solar Activity Index in the Far Ultraviolet Range -- Modeled Soft X-Ray Solar Irradiances -- Cosmic Rays as an Indicator of Solar Activity -- Meridional Motions of Sunspot Groups during Eleven Activity Cycles --
Radiation-Hydrodynamic Waves and Global Solar Oscillations -- Excitation of Solar Gravity Waves -- Solar Noise Simulations in Irradiance -- Secular Variations in the Spectrum of Solar P-Modes -- Solar Cycle Variations in P-Modes and
Chromospheric Magnetism -- Sunspot Numbers Uncertainties and Parametric Representations of Solar Activity Variations -- “Star as a Sun” Observations in Seismology of Distant Stars -- Rotating Convection and the Solar Differential
Rotation -- Variations of the Magnetic Fields of the Sun and the Earth within 7–50 Day Periods -- Distinction between the Climatic Effects of the Solar Corpuscular and Electromagnetic Radiation -- A Space Project for Solar Oscillations
and Long Term Variability Relevant to Climatic Changes -- Solar Magnetic and Bolometric Cycles Recorded in Sea Sediments -- Long-Term Persistence of Solar Activity (Abstract) -- Stellar Irradiance Variations Due to Surface Temperature
Inhomogeneities (Abstract) -- Voyager EUV Solar Spectra during 1981–1993 (Abstract) -- On P-Mode Oscillations in Stars from 1M? to 2M? (Abstract) -- Facular Excess Radiation and the Energy Balance of Solar Active Regions (Abstract) --
The 73-Day Periodicity of the Flare Index during the Current Solar Cycle 22 (Abstract) -- Phase Differences between Irradiance and Velocity Low Degree Solar Acoustic Modes Revisited (Abstract)
ISBN:9789401109505
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401108706:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics: Global and Mediterranean Examples
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (437 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0870-6
Contents:Air-Sea Exchanges and Meridional Fluxe -- 1. Air-sea exchanges -- 2. Meridional heat transport -- 3. Conclusion -- Lagrangian and Eulerian Measurements of Ocean Transport Processe -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Eulerian and Lagrangian
frameworks -- 3. Transport measures from current followers -- 4. Ocean measurements of lateral transport -- 5. Diapycnal fluxes -- Dispersion and Mixing in the Ocea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inference -- 3. Direct measurement -- 4.
Indirect measurements -- 5. Processes -- 6. Conclusions -- 7. Discussion -- Ocean Models in Climate Problem -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Feedbacks affecting the thermohaline circulation -- 3. Large-scale air-sea heat exchanges -- 4.
Interaction of the hydrological cycle with the thermohaline circulation -- 5. Numerical models of the thermohaline circulation -- 6. Summary and outlook: towards coupled process models -- Sensitivity Studies on the Role of the Ocean in
Climate Chang -- 1. Introduction — CME results on thermohaline overturning -- 2. The surface heat and fresh water flux parameterizations -- 3. A basic experiment -- 4. Sensitivity experiments -- 5. Multiple stable states -- 6. Open
boundary conditions -- 7. Discussion -- Modeling the Wind and Thermohaline Circulation in the North Atlantic Ocea -- 1. Introduction — the Community Modeling Effort -- 2. Improving surface boundary conditions -- 3. Open boundary
conditions for the CME model -- 4. Internal parameterizations for the CME model -- 5. Discussion -- Studying Thermohaline Circulation in the Ocean by Means of Transient Tracer Dat -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Tracer features and
geochemistry -- 3. Information from oceanic tracer distribution -- 4. Tracer evaluation by means of ocean circulation models -- 5. Conclusions -- Laboratory and Numerical Experiments in Oceanic Convectio -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The
influence of the Earth’s rotation on the convective process -- 3. A laboratory analogue of a convecting chimney -- 4. Scaling ideas -- 5. Numerical illustrations -- 6. Summary and discussion -- Open Ocean Deep Convection, Mediterranean
and Greenland Sea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Gulf of Lions, Northwestern Mediterranean -- 3. Greenland Sea convection and the role of ice -- 4. Summary and conclusions -- The Mediterranean Sea as a Climate Test Basi -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Mean heat and water budgets of the Mediterranean -- 3. Variability -- 4. Buoyancy flux -- 5. Models -- 6. Discussion -- The Mediterranean Sea, a Test Area for Marine and Climatic Interaction -- 1. Yearly budgets --
2. Spatial variability of heat and water transfers -- 3. Recent hydrological changes -- 4. Mediterranean sapropel formation, a change in deep-water formations -- 5. Conclusions -- The Physical and Dynamical Oceanography of the
Mediterranean Se -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Air-sea interactions and straits exchanges -- 3. Watermass formation, dispersion and transformation -- 4. Circulation and its variabilities -- 5. Modelling -- 6. General circulation summary --
7. Historical perspective and climatological analysis -- 8. Conclusions and summary -- Modeling the General Circulation of the Mediterranea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Prognostic models -- 3. Inverse models -- 4. Conclusions -- Data
Assimilation: Fundamentals, Global and Mediterranean Example -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Assimilation method: fundamentals -- 3. Global and Mediterranean examples -- 4. Conclusions -- Deep-Water in the Western Mediterranean Sea, Yearly
Climatic Signature and Enigmatic Spreadin -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Hydrological data -- 3. Climatic driving-force -- 4. The spreading of the newly-formed dense water -- 5. Homogenization of deep water, the Earth heat flow effect -- 6.
Conclusion -- A Tracer Study of the Thermohaline Circulation of the Eastern Mediterranea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Outline of thermohaline circulation -- 3. Tracer observations, tracer geochemistry and qualitative oceanographic findings
-- 4. System-analysis-model evaluation -- 5. General circulation model treatment -- 6. Discussion and conclusions -- Dynamical Studies of the Eastern Mediterranean Circulatio -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Features and structures of the
general circulation -- 3. Basin and subbasin scale dynamical processes -- 4. Mesoscale dynamical processes -- 5. Conclusions -- Models and Data: A Synergetic Approach in the Western Mediterranean Se -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The
structure of the mesoscale algerian eddies -- 3. The circulation of LIW -- 4. The WMDW circulation -- 5. Conclusion
ISBN:9789401108706
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 419
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781489907622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Primary Productivity and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Sea
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (550 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0762-2
Contents:Honorary Lecture -- Towards Understanding the Roles of Phytoplankton in Biogeochemical Cycles: Personal Notes -- Factors Limiting Primary Productivity in the Sea I. Light -- The Nature and Measurement of the Light Environment in the
Ocean -- The Functional and Optical Absorption Cross-Sections of Phytoplankton Photosynthesis -- Molecular Ecology of Phytoplankton Photosynthesis -- Factors Limiting Primary Productivity in the Sea II. Nutrients -- Nutrient Limitation
and Marine Photosynthesis -- Geological and Climatic Time Scales of Nutrient Variability -- Nutrient Limitation of New Production in the Sea -- Iron as a Limiting Factor in Oceanic Productivity -- Estimation of Global Ocean Production
-- Satellite Ocean Color Observations of Global Biogeochemical Cycles -- Advances in Understanding Phytoplankton Fluorescence and Photosynthesis -- Bio-Optical Models and the Problems of Scaling -- The Role of Marine Organisms in
Primary Production -- Phytoplankton Size -- Productivity of Seaweeds -- Productivity of Zooxanthellae and Biogeochemical Cycles -- New Production and Biogeochemical Cycles -- The Importance and Measurement of New Production -- The Role
of Coastal High Latitude Ecosystems in Global Export Production -- Tracer-Based Inferences of New Primary Production in the Sea -- New Production and the Global Carbon Cycle -- Loss Processes and Material Recycling -- Respiration:
Taxation Without Representation? -- Bacterioplankton Roles in Cycling of Organic Matter: The Microbial Food Web -- Regeneration of Nutrients -- Grazing, Temporal Changes of Phytoplankton Concentrations, and the Microbial Loop in the
Open Sea -- Phytoplankton in the Global Content -- Biosphere, Atmosphere, Ocean Interactions: A Plant Physiologist’s Perspective -- Reading the Sedimentary Record of the Ocean’s Productivity -- Do Marine Phytoplankton Influence Global
Climate? -- Participants
ISBN:9781489907622
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 43
Keywords: Life sciences , Aquatic ecology , Life Sciences , Freshwater & Marine Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400907010:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Greenhouse Effect, Sea Level and Drought
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (744 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0701-0
Contents:I: Greenhouse Effects -- The Greenhouse Effect, Stratospheric Ozone, Marine Productivity, and Global Hydrology: Feedbacks in the Global Climate System -- Effects of West African Air Humidity on Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature --
Determining Natural and Manmade Climate Change: Historical Review and Implications for the 1900’s and Beyond -- Atmospheric, Oceanic and Climatic Response to Greenhouse and Feedback Effect -- Ice Sheets and Sea Level Change as a
Response to Climatic Change at the Astronomical Time Scale -- Present, Past and Future Precipitation: Can We Trust the Models? -- II: Sea Level -- Sea Level -- Non-Eustatic Sea Level Changes from Mediterranean Tide Gages -- Present and
Near-Future Sea-Level Changes: An Assessment -- Influence of Global Climatic Processes on the Hydrosphere Regime -- III: Drought and Water Deficiency -- Water Deficiency Versus Water Excess: Global Management Potential --
Extraterrestrial Impacts, Volcanoes, Climate and Sea Level -- Recent Developments in Research on the Loess in China -- Desertification or Desert Reclamation? Change in Climate or in Human Behaviour? -- Natural Protection and Voluntary
Extension of the Tropical African Forest Cover -- River and Soils Cyclicities Interfering with Sea Level Changes -- Natural Aridification or Man-Made Desertification? A Question for the Future -- Climatic Oscillations as Registered
Through the Ruzizi Plain Deposits (North Lake Tanganyika) Zaire — Burundi — Rwanda -- Global Change: Population, Land-Use and Vegetation in the Mediterranean Basin by the Mid-21st Century -- An Indication of an Abrupt Climatic Change
as Seen from the Rainfall Data of a Mauritanian Station -- IV: Management, Techniques and Case Studies Section A: Sea Level -- Practical Problems for Coastal Submergence in the Light of Secular Trends -- Risk Assessment and Causes of
Subsidence and Inundation along the Texas Gulf Coast -- Vulnerability of Coastal Lowlands. A Case Study of Land Subsidence in Shanghai, P.R. China -- The Impact of Neotectonics with Regard to Canals, Pipelines, Dams, Open Reservoirs,
Etc. in Active Areas: The Case of the Hellenic Arc. -- Evolution of Barrier Island-Lagoon Systems from 200 Ka Ago to the Present in the Littoral Zone of Alicante (Spain). Impact of a Probable Sea Level Rise -- Australia’s Hydrological
Storage and Rising Sea Level Hazard -- IV: Management, Techniques and Case Studies Section B: Greenhouse -- Possible Effects of Man on the Carbon Cycle in the Past and in the Future -- The Relationship of Inqua to the Global Change
Program and Other International Groups -- IV: Management, Techniques and Case Studies Section C: Management -- Estimation of Natural and Man-Induced Groundwater Recharge -- Development and Management of Fossil Groundwater Resources for
Purposes of Drought Mitigation -- Small Dams and Subsurface Dams in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: The Example of Saharan and Sahelian Africa -- Study of the Chad Basin Water Supply by Catchment Carried Out in the Congo-Zaire Basin --
Groundwater Recharge and Storage by Damming a Small Ephemeral Stream -- Sea Level Rise and Artificial Groundwater Recharge. A Study on the Feasibility of Geohydrologic Management -- Climatic Changes in the Levant and the Possibility of
their Mitigation -- The Legacy of Sahelian Management: 1965–1988 -- Saline Groundwater in the Canary Islands (Spain) Resulting from Aridity -- IV: Management, Techniques and Case Studies Section D: Techniques -- Geological Resources
for Construction with Low Energy and Low Temperature Input -- Site-Investigation in Semi-Arid And Arid Regions for Reconnaissance and Engineering-Geological Purposes -- Possible Engineering Solutions and a Case Study -- V: Panel
Discussions, Conclusions and Recommendations -- Conclusions and Recommendations Reports of Sessions and Panel Discussions -- Meeting Report
ISBN:9789400907010
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 325
Keywords: Earth sciences , Hydrogeology , Atmospheric sciences , Engineering geology , Engineering , Foundations , Hydraulics , Environmental management , Earth Sciences , Hydrogeology , Environmental Management , Atmospheric Sciences , Geoengineering, Foundations, Hydraulics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400924468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Climate and Geo-Sciences A Challenge for Science and Society in the 21st Century
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (724 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2446-8
Contents:Section 1 — Climate Record / What can We Learn from Data ? -- Pre-Pleistocene climates : data and models -- Archaean atmosphere-biosphere interactions -- Dating proxy data -- The spectral characteristics of pre-Quaternary climatic
records, an example of the relationship between the astronomical theory and Geo-Sciences -- Polar ice cores and climate -- Intermediate and deep water characteristics during the last glacial maximum -- Oceanic response to orbital
forcing in the late Quaternary : observational and experimental strategies -- Recent developments in Quaternary paleoclimatology -- Paleoclimate data for studies of global climate change and earth system science -- Paleoclimate
perspectives on a greenhouse warming -- Section 2 — Understanding Climate and Climatic Changes -- Deceptively-simple models of climatic change -- Climate predictability : a dynamical view -- Coupled ocean and sea-ice models : review
and perspectives -- Atmospheric chemistry — climate interactions -- Ice and climate studies -- Volcanoes and climate -- Global climatic effects of a nuclear war: an interdisciplinary problem -- Land surface processes in climate models
: status and prospects -- Tropical deforestation and climatic change -- The role of the hydrological cycle in climate -- Changes in ocean temperature and the scientific strategy for international climate research -- Section 3 —
Simulation of the Greenhouse Warming -- Model projections of the climatic changes induced by increased atmospheric CO2 -- Climate sensitivity : model dependence of results -- Climate response to greenhouse warming : the role of the
ocean -- Unresolved issues and research needs pertaining to the transient climatic response to a CO2 increase -- Global biogeochemical cycles and climate -- Anthropogenic and natural perturbations of the carbon cycle -- Modelling
biospheric control of carbon fluxes between atmosphere, ocean and land in view of climatic change -- Section 4 — Technology for Climate Studies -- Supercomputing and massive parallelism -- Data management methods data for Europe --
Satellites and climate -- Radiation budget and clouds -- Section 5 — Climate Environment and International Security -- The global commons and national security -- The global environmental issues — an approach to their solution -- Human
impact on the environment -- Society and future climate change -- Global climatic changes and geopolitics: pressures on developed and developing countries -- Climate change in the context of multiple threats -- Climate and public
policy in the United States Congress -- Climatic changes and water resources development -- Hydrological impacts — What if we are right ? -- Climate change : effects on biological systems -- Forest productivity and health in a changing
atmospheric environment -- Climate environment in international security: the case of deforestation in the brazilian amazon -- Section 6 — Conference Overview and Recommendations -- Where is climate research going ? -- Authors Index --
Subjects Index
ISBN:9789400924468
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 285
Keywords: Earth sciences , Hydrogeology , Atmospheric sciences , Ecology , Environmental management , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Environmental Management , Hydrogeology , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400909953:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (909 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0995-3
Contents:Section 1. Dust Formation, Injection, and Continental Aridity -- 1. Processes of fine particle formation, dust source regions, and climatic changes -- 2. Formation of winderodible aggregates for salty soils and soils with less than
50% sand composition in natural terrestrial environments -- 3. Dust and climate in the American Southwest -- 4. Climatic controls on the frequency, magnitude and distribution of dust storms: examples from India/Pakistan, Mauritania and
Mongolia -- 5. Emission of fine-grained particulates from desert soils -- 6. Relationships between the characteristics of soils, the wind energy and dust near the ground, in the western sandsea (N.W. Sahara) -- 7. Aeolian dust
transport in West Africa -- Section 2. Dust Transport and Transport Modeling -- 1. Modeling long-range transport using trajectory techniques -- 2. Present transport and deposition patterns of African dusts to the North-western
Mediterranean -- 3. Desert dust and climate: an investigation using an atmospheric general circulation model -- Section 3. Dust Composition and Factors Controlling it: Evidence from Aerosols and Sediments -- 1. Eolian dust over the
Mediterranean and their contribution to the present sedimentation -- 2. Eolian dust collected in springtime (1979 and 1984 Years) at the seawater-air interface of the Northern Red Sea -- 3. Desert aerosol: characteristics and effects
on climate -- 4. Local, proximal and distal Saharan dusts: characterization and contribution to the sedimentation -- 5. Atmospheric mineral dust — properties and source markers -- 6. Nd and Sr isotopes as tracers of wind transport:
Atlantic aerosols and surface sediments -- 7. Wind-borne deposits in the Northwestern Indian Ocean: record of Holocene sediments versus modern satellite data -- 8. Aeolian-derived higher plant lipids in the marine sedimentary record:
links with palaeoclimate -- 9. Lithogenic sediment on Arctic pack ice: potential aeolian flux and contribution to deep sea sediment -- Section 4. Modeling Atmospheric Circulation in the Past -- 1. Past and present oceanic energy
balance patterns -- 2. Possible effects of orbital variations on past sources and transports of eolian material: estimates from general circulation model experiments -- Section 5. Inferences from the Sedimentary Record: Loess, Ice
Cores, and Other Land Evidence -- 1. Climatic changes in Israel during historical times and their impact on hydrological, pedological and socio-economic systems -- 2. The mineral-dust record in a highaltitude Alpine Glacier (Colle
Gnifetti, Swiss Alps) -- 3. Fallout of Saharan dust in the Northwestern Mediterranean Region -- 4. Late Quaternary climatic changes in the African Rain Forest: forest refugia and the major role of sea-surface temperature variations --
5. The regionalization of climatic change in Western North America -- 6. Interglacial environments in presently Hyperarid Sahara: palaeoclimatic implications -- Section 6. Report of the Group Studying: Inferences from the Marine
Sedimentary Record -- 1. Northeast Asian climatic change over the last 140,000 years inferred from pollen in marine cores taken off the Pacific Coast of Japan -- 2. The Late Quaternary record of atmospheric transport to the Northwest
Pacific from Asia -- 3. Variations of the NW African trade wind regime during the last 140,000 years: changes in pollen flux evidenced by marine sediment records -- 4. Deflation and humidity during the last 700 ka in NW Africa from the
marine record -- 5. Palynology of the last 680,000 years of ODP Site 658 (off NW Africa): fluctuations in paleowind systems -- 6. Pliocene history of South Saharan/Sahelian aridity: record of freshwater diatoms (Genus Melosira) and
opal phytoliths, ODP Sites 662 and 664 -- 7. Cenozoic climatic variation recorded by quartz and clay minerals in North Pacific sediments -- 8. Geologic record of atmospheric circulation on tectonic time scales -- Section 7. Reports and
Recommendations of Working Groups -- 1. Dust Formation, Injection, and Continental Aridity -- 2. Dust Transport and Transport Modeling -- 3. Dust Composition and Factors Controlling IT: Evidence from Aerosols and Sediments -- 4.
Modeling Atmospheric Circulation in the Past -- 5. Inferences from the Sedimentary Record: Loess, Ice Cores, and other Land Evidence -- 6. Report of the Group Studying: Inferences from the Marine Sedimentary Record
ISBN:9789400909953
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 282
Keywords: Earth sciences , Sedimentology , Hydrogeology , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Sedimentology , Hydrogeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400930117:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Secular Solar and Geomagnetic Variations in the Last 10,000 Years
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (528 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3011-7
Contents:Section I. The Sun -- Variability of the Present and Ancient Sun: a test of Solar Uniformitarianism -- The Sun among the Stars: What Stars Indicate about Solar Variability -- Long and Short Cycles in Solar Activity during the last
Millennia -- Is the Solar Cycle an Example of Deterministic Chaos? -- Fast Dynamos with Flux Expulsion -- The Pattern of Large-scale Convection in the Sun -- Section II. The Sun from Historical Records -- Solar Variability from
Historical Records -- The Behaviour of Solar Activity as Inferred from Sunspot Observations 165 B.C. to 1986 -- Solar, Geomagnetic and Auroral Variations Observed in Historical data -- Analysis of Pre-telescopic and Telescopic Sunspot
Observations -- Seasonal and Secular Variations of the Oriental Sunspot Sightings -- The Solar Diameter since 1715 -- Section III. The Sun and Climate -- The Climate of the Past 10,000 Years and the Role of the Sun -- The Climatic
Impact of Secular Variations in Solar Irradiance -- Section IV. Solar and Geomagnetic Signals in Cosmogenic Nuclides and Sea Sediments -- The Solar Component of the Atmospheric 14C Record -- Production and Decay of Radiocarbon and its
Modulation by Geomagnetic Field-Solar Activity changes with Possible Implications for Global Environment -- 10Be as a Proxy Indicator of Variations in Solar Activity and Geomagnetic Field Intensity during the last 10,000 Years --
Temporal 10Be Variations in Ice: Information on Solar Activity and Geomagnetic Field Intensity -- Model Comparison of 14C and 10Be Isotope Records -- The Dependence of Cosmogenic Isotope Production Rate on Solar Activity and
Geomagnetic Field Variations -- Solar Imprint in Sea Sediments: the Thermoluminescence Profile as a New Proxy Record -- Section V. The Earth’s Magnetic Field -- Secular Variations of the Geomagnetic Field -the Archaeomagnetic Record --
The Geomagnetic Field over the Last 200 Years -- Geomagnetic Field and Radiocarbon Activity through Holocene Time -- Geomagnetic Secular Variation as Determined from Paleomagnetic Studies of Lake Sediments and its Relation to the Study
of the Cosmic Ray Flux -- Archeomagnetic Results from United States, 10,000 BC to Present, and with some Data from MesoAmerica -- Geomagnetic Intensity Measurements from Northern Greece and their Comparison with other Data from Central
and N. Eastern Europe for the Period 0-2000 yr AD -- Section VI. Cosmic Rays, the Earth and Cosmology -- The Sun and Cosmic Rays -- Terrestrial Variations within given Energy, Mass and Momentum Budgets Paleoclimate, Sea Level,
Paleomagnetism, Differential Rotation and Geodynamics -- Geophysical Observations over the Last Few Millennia and their Implications -- Astronomy: Evolution of Evolution
ISBN:9789400930117
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 236
Keywords: Physics , Atmospheric sciences , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400939936:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Abrupt Climatic Change Evidence and Implications
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (425 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3993-6
Contents:I. Introduction -- Abrupt climatic change - an introduction -- Air-sea interaction processes as models for abrupt climatic changes -- How to recognize an abrupt climatic change? -- The rapidity of CO2-induced climatic change:
observations, model results and palaeoclimatic implications -- II. The Last Millennium -- The explosive volcanic eruption record in Northern Hemisphere temperature records -- Decadalscale patterns of climatic change over eastern North
America inferred from tree rings -- Factors controlling free air and ocean temperature of the last 30 years and extrapolation to the past -- Summer temperature changes from tree rings in the Mediterranean area during the last 800 years
-- Evidence of abrupt climatic change during the last 1,500 years recorded in ice cores from the tropical Quelccaya Ice Cap, Peru -- III. Abrupt Climatic Change during the Holocene -- The Late-Quaternary climate of the western Amazon
Basin -- Late Holocene morphological changes in a Jamaican Land Snail: evidence for changes in rainfall -- Indications for Abrupt Holocene Climatic Change: Late Holocene oxygen isotope stratigraphy of the Great Salt Lake, Utah --
Pollen time series and Holocene climate variability of the midwest United States -- IV. Glacial-Holocene Transition: Land Records -- Fossil beetle assemblages as evidence for sudden and intense climatic changes in the British Isles
during the last 45,000 years -- On the duration of the interglacial to glacial transition at the end of the Eemian Interglacial (Deep Sea Stage 5 e): botanical and sedimentological evidence -- The Alleröd/Younger Dryas boundary --
Movement of the desert boundary in the Levant from latest Pleistocene to Early Holocene -- Younger Dryas in North America - modeling, data analysis, and re-evaluation -- The Younger Dryas in southwestern Europe: an abrupt climatic
change as evidenced from pollen records -- Aridification and abrupt climatic events on the Saharan northern and southern margins, 20,000 Y BPto Present -- V. Glacial-Holocene Transition: Ice Core Record -- Ice core evidence of abrupt
climatic changes -- Abrupt climatic changes: the Antarctic ice record during the late Pleistocene -- Environmental changes during last deglaciation inferred from chemical analysis of the Dome C ice core -- VI. Glacial-Holocene
Transition: Deep-Sea Record -- Bioturbation effects on abrupt climatic changes recorded in deep sea sediments. Correlation between ?18O profiles and accelerator 14C dating -- Glacial-Holocene transition: climate pulsations and sporadic
shutdown of NADW production -- Rapid changes in the inflow of Atlantic water into the Norwegian Sea at the end of the last glaciation -- Paleoproductivity of oceanic upwelling and the effect on atmospheric CO2 and climatic change
during deglaciation times -- VII. Modeling Climate and Its Record -- Modeling future climate change affecting nuclear waste disposal: An outline -- Detection of abrupt climatic changes in deep-sea sediment cores: the forward problem --
Abrupt terminations of Late Pleistocene ice ages: a simple Milankovitch explanation -- Simulation of paleoclimatic tracers using atmospheric general circulation models -- Climate sensitivity and past climates: evidence from numerical
studies -- A climate model intercomparison for the Younger Dryas and its implications for paleoclimatic data collection
ISBN:9789400939936
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Pysical Sciences: 216
Keywords: Earth sciences , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400947504:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Earth Rotation: Solved and Unsolved Problems
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (330 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4750-4
Contents:References Systems and Observation of the Earth’s Rotation Parameters -- Celestial Reference Systems -- The Conceptual and Conventional Definitions of the Earth Rotation Parameters -- How to Measure the Earth Rotation -- Polar Motion
and Signal Processing -- Accurate Earth Orientation Time Series from VLBI Observations -- Historical and Paleoobservations of the Earth’s Rotation — Secular Variations -- Observations of Secular and Decade Changes in the Earth’s
Rotation -- Earth Rotation and Solid Tides -- Tidal and Non Tidal Acceleration of the Earth’s Rotation -- Global Climatic Changes and Astronomical Theory of Paleoclimates -- Short Term Atmospheric and Oceanic Effects -- Meteorological
Data for Earth Rotation Studies -- High Accuracy Earth Rotation and Atmospheric Angular Momentum -- The El-Nino, the Southern Oscillation and the Earth Rotation -- The Atmospheric Circulation, the Earth’s Rotation and Solar Activity --
Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling and Short Term Fluctuations of Earth Rotation -- The Damping of the Chandler Wobble and the Pole Tide -- Mantle and Core Effects -- The Influence of Earthquakes on the Polar Motion -- Flow in the Fluid Core
and Earth’s Rotation -- Electromagnetic Core-Mantle Coupling -- Global Earth Models and Earth Rotation -- Resonance Effects of the Earth’s Fluid Core -- Long Period Core Dynamics -- Recommendations
ISBN:9789400947504
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 187
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400947382:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (568 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4738-2
Contents:Basic Concepts In Geochemical Modelling -- 1. Introduction -- 2.First Order Models -- 2.1. First order decay reaction -- 2.2. Instantaneous perturbation in a first order decay model -- 2.3. First order production model -- 3.
Heterogeneous Catalysis and Enzymatic Type Reactions -- 4. Reversible Reactions -- 5. Model with Coupled Components in the Reservoir -- 6. Second Order Reactions -- 7. Periodic Fluctuations -- 8. Coupling of Reservoirs -- 9.
Conclusions -- Atmospheric Pathways to the Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Atmospheric Structure and Transports -- 2.1. Boundary layer -- 2.2. Cloud scale transport -- 2.3. Storms and midlatitude circulation -- 2.4. Global scale
exchange -- 3. Variability and Representativeness -- 3.1. Seasonal and interannual variability -- 3.2. Representativeness of observations -- 4. Modeling of Atmospheric Transport -- 4.1. Source identification models -- 4.2. Mechanistic
models -- 4.3. Tropospheric chemistry system models -- Modeling Oceanic Transport of Dissolved Constituents -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Box Models -- 3. Advection-Diffusion Models -- 4. Equations of Motion -- 5. Conclusion -- Vertical
Transport of Particles within the Ocean -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Determination of the Lognormal Coefficients L, ? and of N -- 2.1. Particle size data collection -- 2.2. Calculation of the coefficients L, ? and N from data -- 3.
Determination of Suspended Particulate Matter Physical Properties using Lognormal coefficients -- 3.1. Surface area concentration -- 3.2. Mass concentration -- 3.3. Vertical fluxes -- 3.4. Residence time -- 3.5. Application to the open
sea -- 4. Suspended Particulate Matter Sedimentation with Dissolution Process -- 4.1. Sedimentation at steady state -- 4.2. Sedimentation at non steady state -- 5. Conclusion -- 6. Appendix -- 6.1. Specific properties of the lognormal
law -- 6.2. Evaluation of the lognormal coefficients -- Air-Sea Gas Exchange Rates: Introduction and Synthesis -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basic Principles -- 3. Models -- 3.1. Film model -- 3.2. Surface renewal models -- 3.3.
Boundary-layer models -- 4. Laboratory (Wind Tunnel) Studies -- 4.1. Smooth surface regime -- 4.2. Rough surface regime -- 4.3. Breaking wave (bubble) regime -- 5. Field Measurements -- 5.1. Box method -- 5.2. Dissolved gas balance
method -- 5.3. Micrometeorological techniques -- 5.4. Natural and bomb-produced 14C -- 5.5. The radon deficiency method -- 5.6. Sulphur hexafluoride -- 5.7. Summary -- 6. Synthesis -- 6.1. Comparison with field data -- The Ocean as a
Source for Atmospheric Particles -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The ? ?E/?r Model -- 3. The ? ?2E/?t ?r Model -- 4. Comparison of ? ?E/?r and W ?2E/?t ?r Models -- 5. Oceanic Whitecap Coverage -- 6. Global Sea-to-Air Salt Flux -- 7. Toward a
Comprehensive Marine Aerosol Generation Model -- The Ocean as a Sink for Atmospheric Particles -- 1. Overview -- 2. Assessement of Wet Deposition -- 3. Field Approach to Dry Deposition -- 4. Accurate Deposition Measurements do not
Guarantee Accurate Net Air to Sea Transfer Rates -- 5. Relative Importance of Wet and Dry Removal Rates -- 6. Conclusion -- Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Interfacial Photochemistry as Factors Influencing Air-Sea Exchange Fluxes and
Processes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Environmental Photochemistry -- 2.1. Stratospheric photochemistry -- 2.2. Homogeneous tropospheric photochemistry -- 2.3. Heterogeneous tropospheric photochemistry -- 2.4. Seawater photochemistry --
2.5. Soil photochemistry -- 3. Interaction of Photochemistry with Air-Sea Exchange Processes -- 3.1. Air-sea gas exchange -- 3.2. Rainout-washout deposition processes -- 3.3. Dry deposition -- 3.4. Marine aerosol generation -- 4.
Summary -- Carbon Dioxide: Its Natural Cycle and Anthropogenic Perturbation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Natural Cycle of Carbon Dioxide -- 2.1. Reservoirs, fluxes, residence times -- 2.2. Air-sea exchange of CO2 -- 2.3. Regional
variability of air-sea fluxes -- 2.4. Marine carbonate chemistry -- 2.5. The oceanic carbon cycle -- 2.6. The cycle of oxygen -- 3. Anthropogenic Increase of Atmospheric CO2 -- 3.1. Observations and airborne fraction -- 3.2. Modelling
the oceanic response to carbon cycle perturbations -- 3.3. CO2 release from the terrestrial biosphere and the “missing CO2 sink” -- 3.4. Scenarios for future CO2 concentrations -- 3.5. Carbone isotope perturbations -- 4. Climatic
Effects of CO2 Increase -- 5. Natural CO2 Variations -- 5.1. Seasonal variations -- 5.2. Correlation with El Ni?o -- 5.3. Glacial/interglacial changes -- CO2 Air-Sea Exchange during Glacial Times: Importance of Deep Sea Circulation
Changes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evidence from Polar Ice Cores -- 2.1. Data -- 2.2. Discussion: is the ocean able to absorb the missing CO2? -- 3. Evidence from Deep Sea Sediments -- 3.1. Data -- 3.2. Various hypotheses explaining the
sedimentary record -- 3.3. Cadmium as a proxy-indicator for past phosphate -- 4. Broecker’s two box Model for the CO2 Cycle -- 5. Evidence for Deep Water Circulation during the Last Climatic Cycle -- 5.1. Geochemical basis -- 5.2.
Glacial to interglacial contrasts -- 5.3. Disappearance of North Atlantic Deep Water during the glacial to interglacial transition -- 5.4. Enhanced North Atlantic Deep Wafer formation during the inception of the glaciation -- 6.
Conclusion -- Exchange of CO and H2 between Ocean And Atmosphere -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Determination of the Supersaturation Factors of CO and H2 -- 3. Spatial and Temporal Changes of dissolved CO and H2 -- 4. Processes Sustaining CO
and H2 Concentrations in Surface Water -- 4.1. Production processes -- 4.2. Consumption processes -- 4.3. Transport processes -- 5. Calculation of Fluxes by the “Laminar Film Model” -- 6. Role of Oceans in the budget of atmospheric CO
and H2 -- The Air-Sea Exchange of Low Molecular Weight Halocarbon Gases -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Gases for which the Oceans are a net Source for the Atmosphere -- 2.1. Alkyl (mainly Methyl) halides -- 2.2. Haloforms -- 2.3. Other
organo-halides -- 3. Gases for which the Oceans are a net Sink for the Atmosphere -- 4. Summary -- Sea-Air Exchange of High-Molecular Weight Synthetic Organic Compounds -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Compounds of Interest -- 3.
Sampling/Analytical Aspects of Trace Organics -- 4. Distribution of High Molecular Weight Organics in the Marine Environment -- 4.1. Water and organisms -- 4.2. Atmospheric concentrations -- 4.3. Atmospheric deposition -- 5. Air-Sea
Exchange Mechanisms for Synthetic Organics -- 5.1. Dry deposition -- 5.2. Wet deposition -- 5.3. Adsorption and partitioning in surface waters -- 6. Air-Sea Fluxes in the North Pacific -- 7. Relative Importance of Atmospheric
Deposition to the CHC Cycle -- 8. Summary and Conclusions -- The Ocean as a Source of Atmospheric Sulfur Compounds -- 1. Sources of Sulfur to the Atmosphere: an Overview -- 2. Seaspray and the Production of Aerosol Sulfate -- 3.
Sulfate Reduction by Geological and Biological Processes -- 4. Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction -- 5. Biosynthesis of Dimethylsulfide -- 6. Marine Chemistry and Distribution of Dimethylsulfide -- 7. Estimating the Air/Sea Flux of
Dimethylsulfide -- 8. Chemical Reactions and Transformations of Dimethylsulfide in the Marine Atmosphere -- 9. A Model of the Cycle of Biogenic Sulfur over the Oceans -- 10. Carbonyl Sulfide -- 10.1. Photochemical production of COS --
10.2. Air/Sea exchange of COS -- 11. Formation and Emission of other Sulfur Species: Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbon Disulfide, Methylmercaptan, Dimethyldisulfide etc… -- 11.1. Hydrogen sulfide -- 11.2. Carbon disulfide -- 11.3.
Methylmercaptan, dimethyldisulfide and other sulfur compounds -- 12. Conclusion -- Cycling of Mercury Between the Atmosphere and Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Global Models -- 3. Physico-Chemical Models -- 4. Atmospheric Hg
Determinations -- 4.1. Total gaseous Hg -- 4.2. Volatile Hg species -- 5. Hg Analysis in Seawater and Rainwater -- 5.1. Reactive and Total Hg -- 5.2. Volatile Hg -- 5.3. Determinations of Hg in rain -- 6. Air-Sea Exchange of Hg -- 6.1.
Preliminary studies -- 6.2. Present status -- 6.3. Summary -- 7. Ocean Sources of Hg -- 7.1. Hg evasion from the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: 1980 -- 7.2. Hg evasion from the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: 1984 -- 8. Hg Deposition to the Sea
Surface -- 8.1. Precipitation -- 8.2. Dry depositional Hg flux to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- 8.3. Air-sea exchange in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- 8.4. Physico-chemical aspects -- 9. Atmospheric Cycling of Hg over the Oceans:
Global Perspectives -- The Air-Sea Exchange of Particulate Organic Matter: The Sources and Long-Range Transport of Lipids in Aerosols -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. Background -- 2. Sampling and Analytical Methodology -- 3. Source and
Long-Range Transport Studies -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. North Pacific Trades: Enewetak -- 3.3. South Pacific Westerlies: New Zealand -- 3.4. Short-Range transport: Coastal Peru -- 4. Conclusions -- The Marine Mineral Aerosol -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. The Concept of the Marine Dust Veil -- 3. Sources of Material to the Marine Atmosphere -- 4. The Distribution of Material in the Marine Dust Veil -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. The Atlantic Ocean and surrounding waters
-- 4.3. The Mediterranean -- 4.4. The Pacific ocean -- 4.5. The Indian ocean -- 4.6. Summary -- 5. The Composition of Material in the Marine Dust Veil -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. The mineral composition of the marine dust veil -- 5.3.
Chemical chacacteristics of the mineral aerosol -- 6. The Influence of the Marine Dust Veil on Oceanic Cycles -- 6.1. The water column -- 6.2. The sediment column -- 6.3. Summary -- Air to Sea Transfer of Anthropogenic Trace Metals --
1. Introduction -- 2. The Fate of Atmospheric Trace Metals in Ocean Waters -- 2.1. Physical and chemical forms of metals in the atmosphere -- 2.2. Biogeochemical cycling of trace metals in the ocean -- 3. Geographical Variability of
Metal Fluxes from the Atmosphere
ISBN:9789400947382
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 185
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9783642817571:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Stratospheric Aerosol Layer
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (156 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81757-1
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 General Discussion -- 1.2 Influence on Climate -- 1.3 Microphysical Processes -- References -- 2. Observations -- 2.1 Measurements of Precursor Gases in the Stratosphere -- 2.2 Aircraft and Balloon Measurement
of Aerosol Properties -- 2.3 Lidar Measurements -- 2.4 Satellite Observations -- References -- 3. The Chemical Kinetics of Aerosol Formation -- 3.1 Chemical Origin -- 3.2 Nucleation -- 3.3 Nucleation Mechanisms in the Stratosphere --
3.4 Growth and Heterogeneous Reactions -- 3.5 Conclusions -- References -- 4. Models of Stratospheric Aerosols and Dust -- 4.1 Overview -- 4.2 The Generalized Aerosol Continuity Equation -- 4.3 Aerosol Models -- 4.4 Models of Upper
Atmospheric Dust -- 4.5 Anthropogenic Perturbations of the Aerosols -- 4.6 Conclusions -- References -- 5. Stratospheric Aerosols and Climate -- 5.1 Background -- 5.2 Statistical Relations Between Volcanic Explosions and Climatic
Changes -- 5.3 Theoretical Relationships Between Volcanic Explosions and Climate -- 5.4 Studies of Anthropogenic Alterations of the Stratospheric Aerosol Layer -- 5.5 Summary -- References
ISBN:9783642817571
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Topics in Current Physics: 28
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geophysics , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9789400985148:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Climatic Variations and Variability: Facts and Theories NATO Advanced Study Institute First Course of the International School of Climatology, Ettore Majorana Center for Scientific Culture, Erice, Italy, March 9–21, 1980
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (795 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-8514-8
Contents:I — Mathematical and Physical Basis of Climate -- The climate system and its portrayal by climate models: a review of basic principles. I. Physical basis of climate -- Climatic changes and variations: a geophysical problem -- The
memory of the Ocean -- Surface albedo -- Glacial to interglacial changes in ocean and atmosphere chemistry -- II — Mathematical Techniques in Climate Reconstruction and Data Banks -- Transfer functions: calibrating micropaleontological
data in climatic terms -- Statistical climatic reconstructions from tree-ring widths -- Data banks for climatological purposes -- III — Facts: Reconstruction of Past Climates -- Section 1 — Long-term climatic changes --
Palaeoclimatology before our ice age -- Oxygen isotope studies and Quaternary marine climates -- Palaeo-climatic studies on ice cores -- Pleistocene climates on land -- Tropical climate variations during Late Pleistocene and Early
Holocene -- Section 2 — Climates in historical times and instrumental period -- Climate of the last 1000 years -- Long series of temperature and precipitation in Europe -- Central England and De Bilt series -- Temperature changes in
the last 100 years -- Variability of weather over approximately the last century -- Glacier behaviour and recent changes in Alpine climate -- Section 3 — Atmospheric circulation and case studies of climatic variations -- Atmospheric
circulation and climatic change. I. Approaches to paleoclimatic reconstruction -- Atmospheric circulation and climatic change. II. Case studies -- Meteorological aspects of the 1975–76 drought in Western Europe -- Case studies of
exceptional climate in United States 1975–1979 and air-sea interactions -- Sahel droughts: recent climatic fluctuations in North Africa and the Mediterranean -- IV — Theories of Climatic Variations and Their Modelling -- Section 1 —
Spectrum -- Spectrum of climatic variations and possible causes -- Section 2 — Modelling -- The climate system and its portrayal by climate models: a review of basic principles. II. Modeling of climate and climatic change --
Energy-balance models: an introduction -- Construction and verification of stochastic climate models -- Section 3 — Theories -- Astronomical theory of paleoclimates -- Time-dependent models of the climatic response to orbital
variations -- Internal climatic mechanisms participating in glaciation cycles -- Solar activity and climate -- Atmospheric aerosols and global climate -- V — Man’s Impact on Climate -- Awareness of mankind as a factor in climatic
change -- The carbon cycle -- The impact of energy production on atmospheric CO2-concentrations -- CO2 and climate — a continuing story -- Scenarios of cold and warm periods of the past -- Air pollution effects on climate at urban
scale -- VI — Climate Impacts on Man -- Some impacts of desertification processes on the local and regional climate -- Climatic impacts on agriculture, water resources and economy -- VII — Summary-Review of the Lectures -- Techniques
for reconstructing past climates -- Climate modelling -- Man’s impact upon climate
ISBN:9789400985148
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C—Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 72
Keywords: Earth sciences , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:QC981.8.G56G66::2008 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Overview of climate change What does it mean for our way of life? What is the best future we can hope for?
Author(s): Neva Goodwin
Date:2008
Publisher:Tufts University, Global Development and Environment Institute
Size:33 pgs.
Series:Global Development and Environment Institute working paper 08-01
Keywords: Climatic changes Economic aspects , Global warming Economic aspects , Environmental policy
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Call number:QC981.8.G56D37::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:How to change minds about our changing climate: let science do the talking the next time someone tries to tell you ...
Author(s): Seth B. Darling
Douglas L. Sisterson
(Fermilab Colloquium Speaker)
Date:2014
Publisher:The Experiment
Size:200 p
ISBN:9781615192236
Keywords: Climatic changes, Social aspects. , Global warming, Social aspects.
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Call number:QC903.R53::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond smoke and mirrors: Climate change and energy in the 21st century
Author(s): Burton Richter
Date:2014
Edition:Second ed.
Publisher:Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Size:361 p
Contents:Preface, List of units, List of conversion factors, List of abbreviations, 1. Introduction Part I. Climate: 2. Greenhouse Earth, 3. Climate modelling, 4. The past as proxy for the future, 5. Predicting the future, Part II. Energy: 6. Taking up arms ag ainst this sea of troubles, 7. How fast to move: a physicist's look at the economists, 8. Energy, emissions and action, 9. Fossil fuels: how much is there?, 10. Electricity, emission and pricing carbon, 11. Efficiency: the first priority, 12. Nuclear ener gy, 13. Renewables, 14. Biofuels: is there anything there?, 15. An energy summary, Part III. Policy: 16. US policy: new things, bad things, good things 17. World policy action
ISBN:1107673720
Series:Canto classics
Keywords: Climatic changes, Forecasting. , Renewable energy sources, Forecasting.
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Call number:HC79.E5K56::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate
Author(s): Naomi Klein
Date:2014
Publisher:New York: Simon & Schuster
Size:566 p.
Contents:Introduction. One way or another, everything changes -- Part one. Bad timing. The right is right: the revolutionary power of climate change -- Hot money : how free market fundamentalism helped overheat the planet -- $t Public and paid for: overcoming the ideological blocks to the next economy -- $t Planning and banning : slapping the invisible hand, building a movement -- $t Beyond extractivism : confronting the climate denier within -- $g Part two. $t Magical thinking. $t Fruits, not roots: the disas trous merger of big business and big green -- $t No messiahs : the green billionaires won't save us -- $t Dimming the sun: the solution to pollution is ... pollution? -- $g Part three. Starting anyway. $t Blockadia: the new climate warriors -- $t Love wil l save this place: democracy, divestment, and the wins so far -- $t You and what army?: Indigenous rights and the power of keeping our word -- $t Sharing the sky: the atmospheric commons and the power of paying our debts -- $t The right to regenerate: mov ing from extraction to renewal -- Conclusion. The leap years : just enough time for impossible.
ISBN:9781451697384
Keywords: Environmental Economics , Environmental Policy - Economic Aspects , Climatic Changes - Economic Aspects , Global Environmental Change - Economic Aspects , Capitalism.
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Call number:GE197.F75::2008 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hot, flat, and crowded : why we need a green revolution and how it can renew America
Author(s): Thomas L. Friedman
Date:2008
Publisher:Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York
Note:1st ed.
ISBN:9780374166854
Keywords: Green movement, United States , Green technology, United States , Climatic changes , Power resources, Environmental aspects , Environmental policy, United States
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