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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD COLD *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/8890.53 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword cold ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9780813545141:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:In Sputnik's Shadow : The President's Science Advisory Committee and Cold War America
Author(s): Zuoyue Wang
Date:2008
Publisher:Rutgers University Press
Size:1 online resource p
Note:EBL eBook
Contents:American public science, 1863-1945 -- The origins of technological skepticism, 1945-1950 -- Mobilizing science for the Korean War under Truman, 1950-1952 -- Science and the national security state under Eisenhower, 1952-1957 -- Eisenhower, Sputnik, and the creation of PSAC, 1957 -- PSAC and the launching of NASA, 1957-1960 -- Military technology, 1957-1960 -- The search for a nuclear test ban, 1957-1960 -- The politics of big science, 1957-1960 -- The control of science policy under Eisenhower, 1957 -1960 -- Science at the new frontier under Kennedy, 1960-1963 -- Responding to Rachel Carson's Silent spring, 1962-1963 -- Testing the limits, 1961-1963 -- Scientists for Johnson, 1964 -- PSAC, the Vietnam War, and the ABM debate, 1964-1968 -- The politic s of technological dissent under Nixon, 1969-1973.
ISBN:9780813543314
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Science and state, United States, History, 20th century.
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Call number:0632049855:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hot and Cold Water Supply 2e
Author(s): Garrett
Date:2000
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Size:1 online resource (353 p.)
ISBN:9780632049851
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Civil Engineering & Construction
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9784431557562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles and Methods of Quantum Information Technologies
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (226 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-55756-2
Contents:Quantum Information Theory for Quantum Communication -- Quantum Communication for the Ultimate Capacity and Security -- Quantum Communication Experiments Over Optical Fiber -- Spin-photon Entanglement in Semiconductor Quantum Dots:
Towards Solid-state-based Quantum Repeaters -- Optical Lattice Clocks for Precision Time and Frequency Metrology -- Cold Atom Magnetometers -- Photonic Quantum Metrologies Using Photons -phase Super-sensitivity and
Entanglement-enhanced Imaging -- Counting Statistics of Single-electron Transport -- Some Recent Progress for approximation algorithms -- Coherent Computing with Injection-Locked Laser Network -- A Degenerate Optical Parametric
Oscillator Network for Coherent Computation -- Coherent Ising Machines with Quantum Measurement and Feedback Control -- Bose-Einstein Condensation: A Common Platform for Quantum Simulation Experiments -- Quantum Simulation Using
Ultracold Ytterbium Atoms in an Optical Lattice -- Quantum Simulation with Trapped Ions―Experimental Realization of the Jaynes-Cummings-Hubbard Model― -- Equilibrium to Nonequilibrium Condensation in Driven-dissipative Semiconductor
Systems -- High-orbital Exciton-polariton Condensation: Towards Quantum-simulator Applications -- Layered Architectures for Quantum Computers and Quantum Repeaters -- Analysis of an Atom-optical Architecture for Quantum Computation --
Optical Hybrid Quantum Information Processing -- Microwave Photonics on a Chip: Superconducting Circuits as Artificial Atoms for Quantum Information Processing.- Achievements and Outlook of Research on Quantum Information Systems using
Superconducting Quantum Circuits -- Parametric amplifier and oscillator based on Josephson junction circuitry -- Superconductor-Diamond Hybrid Quantum System -- Spin Qubits with Semiconductor Quantum Dots -- Silicon Quantum Information
Processing -- Quantum Information Processing Experiments using Nuclear and Electron Spins in Molecules -- Molecular Spin Qubits: Molecular Optimization of Synthetic Spin Qubits, Molecular Spin AQC and Ensemble Spin Manipulation
Technology
ISBN:9784431557562
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 911
Keywords: Physics , Computers , Quantum computers , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics , Theory of Computation , Quantum Optics , Quantum Computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662497814:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Plasma Physics for Controlled Fusion
Author(s): Kenro Miyamoto
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (495 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-49781-4
Contents:Nature of Plasma -- Orbit of Charged Particles in Various Magnetic Configurations -- Magnetohydrodynamics -- Equilibrium -- Confinement -- Magnetohydrodynamic Instabilities -- Resistive Instability -- Boltzmann’s Equation -- Waves in
Cold Plasmas -- Wave Heating and Current Drive -- Instabilities Driven by Energetic Particles -- Plasma Transport by Turbulence -- Development of Fusion Researches -- Tokamak -- Reversed Field Pinch -- Stellarator -- Open End System --
Inertial Confinement
ISBN:9783662497814
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 92
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear energy , Fluids , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Nuclear fusion , Atoms , Matter , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Physics , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Nuclear Fusion , Nuclear Energy , Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319253671:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism in the Post-9/11 World
Author(s): David Hafemeister
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (35 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25367-1
Contents:1 History of the Atomic Age -- 2 Nuclear Weapons -- 3 Nuclear Reactors and Radiation -- 4 Missiles and War Games -- 5 Ballistic Missile Defense -- 6 Verification and Arms Control Treaties -- 7 Winding Down the Cold War -- 8 Nuclear
Proliferation -- 9 Proliferation Technologies -- 10 Proliferated States -- 11 Nuclear Testing and the NPT -- 12 Terrorism -- 13 Nuclear Terrorism -- 14 Cyber Terrorism -- 15 Biological and Chemical Weapons -- A Reflections on Nuclear
Arms Control -- B Reflections on Nuclear Proliferation -- C Glossary -- D Index.
ISBN:9783319253671
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear energy , System safety , Science , International humanitarian law , Energy industries , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Security Science and Technology , Nuclear Energy , Energy Economics , International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319143163:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Niels Bohr, 1913-2013 Poincaré Seminar 2013
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (26 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-14316-3
Contents:Foreword -- Keeping Things Open, Tomas Bohr -- Bohr's Trilogy of 1913, Olivier Darrigol -- The Mind that Created the Bohr atom, John Heilbron -- Bohr's Legacy in Cavity QED, Serge Haroche & Jean-Michel Raimond -- From Einstein, Bohr, Schrödinger t o Bell and Feynman: A New Quantum Revolution?, Alain Aspect.- Interacting Cold Rydberg Atoms: A Toy Many-Body System, Antoine Browaeys.- Bohr's Complementarity and Kant's Epistemology, Michel Bitbol & Stefano Osnaghi
ISBN:9783319143163
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics: 68
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematical Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9781441981851:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics Kinetics
Author(s): Mario Capitelli
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (138 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4419-8185-1
Contents:Electron-molecule cross sections and rates involving rotationally, vibrationally and electronically excited states -- Reactivity and relaxation of vibrationally/rotationally excited molecules with open shell atoms -- Formation of
vibrationally and rotationally excited molecules during atom recombination on surfaces -- Collisional-radiative models for atomic plasmas -- Collisional-radiative models for molecular plasmas -- Kinetic and Monte Carlo approaches to
solve Boltzmann equation for the electron energy distribution functions -- Non-equilibrium plasma kinetics under discharge and post-discharge conditions: coupling problems for low pressure and atmospheric cold plasmas -- Ion transport
under strong fields -- PIC (Particle In Cell ) models for low-pressure plasmas -- Negative ion H- for fusion -- Non equilibrium plasma expansion through nozzles
ISBN:9781441981851
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 85
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mechanics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Physics , Plasma Physics , Physical Chemistry , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319063614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reductionism, Emergence and Levels of Reality [electronic resource] : The Importance of Being Borderline
Author(s): Sergio Chibbaro
Lamberto Rondoni
Angelo Vulpiani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Scientists have always attempted to explain the world in terms of a few unifying principles. In the fifth century B.C. Democritus boldly claimed that reality is simply a collection of indivisible and eternal parts or atoms. Overthe centuries his doct rine has remained a landmark, and much progress in physics is due to its distinction between subjective perception and objective reality. This book discusses theory reduction in physics, which states that thewhole is nothing more than the sum of its parts : the properties of things are directly determined by their constituent parts. Reductionism deals with the relation between different theories that address different levels of reality, anduses extrapolations to apply that relation in different sciences. R eality shows a complex structure of connections, and the dream of a unified interpretation of all phenomena in several simple laws continues to attract anyone withgenuine philosophical and scientific interests. If the most radical reductionist point of vi ew is correct, the relationship between disciplines is strictly inclusive: chemistry becomes physics, biology becomes chemistry, and so on.Eventually, only one science, indeed just a single theory, would survive, with all others merging in the Theory of E verything. Is the current coexistence of different sciences a mere historical venture which will end when the Theory ofEverything has been established? Can there be a unified description of nature? Rather than an analysis of full reductionism, this book f ocuses on aspects of theory reduction in physics and stimulates reflection on related questions:is there any evidence of actual reduction? Are the examples used in the philosophy of science too simplistic? What has been endangered by the search for (the) ultimate truth? Has the dream of reductionist reason created any monsters?Is big science one such monster? What is the point of embedding science Y within science X, if predictions cannot be made on t
Contents:Preface
A Galilean Dialogue
A random journey
History
Reductionism: the philosophical point of view
Reduction in physics and philosophy
Emergence
A first attempt to tame complexity
A short history of statistical mechanics
Towards a systematic theory
The paradigmatic Brownian motion
Critical Phenomena
Discussion
From microscopic to macroscopic realities
The problem of irreversibility
Irreversibility and emergence
From microscopic to macroscopic equations
From atoms to cold fronts
Concluding remarks
Determinism, chaos and reductionism
Ge
ISBN:9783319063614
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319062242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biophysical Effects of Cold Atmospheric Plasma on Glial Tumor Cells [electronic resource]
Author(s): Julia Kritzer
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Cold atmospheric plasma is an auspicious new candidate in cancer treatment. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is a partially ionized gasin whichthe ion temperature is close to room temperature. It contains electrons, chargedparticles, radicals, various e xcited molecules and UV photons. These various compositional elements have the potential to inhibit cancer cell activitywhilst doing no harm tohealthy cells. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common andlethal primary brain tumor in adults treatment including surgery, radio- and chemotherapy remains palliative for most patients as a cureremains elusive. The successful combination of the standard chemotherapeutic temozolomide (TMZ)and CAP treatment features synergistic effects even in resistant glioma cells. I n particular in glioma therapy, CAP could offer an innovative approach allowing specific cancer cell / tumor tissue inhibition without damaging healthycells. Thus CAP is a promising candidate for combination therapy especially for patients suffering from GBMs showing TMZ resistance
Contents:Summary
Introduction
Materials and Methods
Results
Discussion
Assessment and Outlook
Supplementary Data
References
ISBN:9783319062242
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Oncology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400772410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th UCLA Symposium on Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe, February 22-24,2012, Marina del Rey, Califor nia / edited by David Cline
Author(s): David Cline
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These proceedings provide the latest results on dark matter and dark energy research. The UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy hosted its tenth Dark Matter and Dark Energy conference in Marina del Rey and brought together allthe leaders in the fi eld. The symposium provided a scientific forum for the latest discussions in the field. Topics covered at the symposium: Status of measurements of the equation of state of dark energy and new experiments The search for missing energy events at the LHC and implications for dark matter search Theoretical calculations on all forms of dark matter (SUSY, axions, sterile neutrinos, etc.) Status of the indirect search for dark matterStatus of the direct search for dark matter in detectors around the world The lo w-mass wimp search region The next generation of very large dark matter detectors New underground laboratories for dark matter search
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Talks from DM 2012
List of Attendees at DM 2012
Brief Overview
Theoretical Precision: Cosmology and Dark Matter
Radiative natural supersymmetry with mixed axion/higgsino cold dark matter
Finite Temperature density profile in SFD
An argument for axion dark matter
Supersymmetric Dark Matter at XENON100 and the LHC: No
Scale F
SU(5) Stringy Correlations
Approaches on self
gravitating Bose
Einstein condensates
Search for Turbulent Gas through Interstellar Scintillation
Search for Dark Matter LHC, CMB, Fermi LAT
The missing energy events at the LHC and imp
ISBN:9789400772410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v148
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034803595:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time [electronic resource] : Poincar Seminar 2010
Author(s): Bertrand Duplantier
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This eleventh volume in the Poincar Seminar Series presents an interdisciplinary perspective on the concept of Time, which poses some of the most challenging questions in science. Five articles, written by the Fields medalistC. Villani, the two outst anding theoretical physicists T. Damour and C. Jarzynski, the leading experimentalist C. Salomon, and the famous philosopher of science H. Price, describe recent developments related to the mathematical,physical, experimental, and philosophical facets of this fascinating concept. These articles are also highly pedagogical, as befits their origin in lectures to a broad scientific audience. Highlights include a description of themanifold fundamental physical issues in play with time, in particular with the changes of perspective implied by Special and General Relativity a mathematically precise discussion of irreversibility and entropy in the context ofBoltzmann's and Vlasov's equations a thorough survey of the recently developed thermodynamics at the nanos cale, the scale most relevant to biological physics a description of the new cold atom space clockPHARAO to beinstalled in 2015 onboard the International Space Station, which will allow a test of Einstein's gravitational shift with a record precision of 2 10-6, and enable a test of the stability over time of the fundamental constants ofphysics, an issue first raised by Dirac in 1937 and last, but not least, a logical and clarifying philosophical discussion of Time's arrow, a phrase first coined by Edding ton in 1928 in a challenge to physics to resolve thepuzzle of the time-asymmetry of our universe, and echoed here in a short pome en prose by C. de Mitry. This book should be of broad general interest to physicists, mathematicians, and philosophers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Time and Relativity, Thibault Damour
(Ir)reversibility and Entropy, Cdric Villani
(Ir)rversibilit et entropie, Cdric Villani
Equalities and Inequalities: Irreversibility and the Second Law of Thermodynamics at the Nanoscale, Christopher Jarzynski
Time Measurement in the XXIst Century, Christophe Salomon
Times Arrow and Eddingtons Challenge, Huw Price
Image of Times Irreversibility, Catherine de Mitry
Image de l'irrversibilit du Temps, Catherine de Mitry
ISBN:9783034803595
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics : v63
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Distribution (Probability theory) , Quantum theory , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461473275:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Formation and Evolution of M33 as Revealed by Its Star Clusters [electronic resource]
Author(s): Izaskun San Roman
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This thesis represents the first wide-field photometric and spectroscopic survey of star clusters in the nearby late-spiral galaxy M33. This system is the nearest example of a dwarf spiral galaxy, which may have a unique role inthe process of galaxy formation and evolution. The cold dark matter paradigm of galaxy formation envisions large spiral galaxies, such as the Milky Way, being formed from the merger and accretion of many smaller dwarf galaxies. Therole that dwarf spiral galaxies play in this p rocess is largely unclear. One of the goals of this thesis is to use the star cluster population of M33 to study its formation and evolution from its early stages to the present. The thesispresents a new comprehensive catalog of M33 star clusters, which i ncludes magnitudes, colors, structural parameters, and several preliminary velocity measurements. Based on an analysis of these data, the thesis concludes that, amongother things, the evolution of M33 has likely been influenced by its nearby massive neigh bor M31
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword from Professor Ata Sarajedini
Introduction
Newly Identified Star Clusters in M33: Space
Based Survey
Photometric Properties of the M33 Star Cluster System: Ground
Based Survey
Structural Parameters of the M33 Star Cluster System
Kinematic Properties of Star Clusters in M33
Conclusions
ISBN:9781461473275
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461454137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter [electronic resource] : Atomic Clouds, Bose-Einstein Condensates and Rydberg Plasmas
Author(s): J.T Mendona
Hugo Teras
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The advent of laser cooling of atoms led to the discovery of ultra-cold matter, with temperatures below liquid Helium, which displays a variety of new physical phenomena. Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter gives an overview of thisrecent area of science, w ith a discussion of its main results and a description of its theoretical concepts and methods. Ultra-cold matter can be considered in three distinct phases: ultra-cold gas, Bose Einstein condensate, andRydberg plasmas. This book gives an integrated view of this new area of science at the frontier between atomic physics, condensed matter, and plasma physics. It describes these three distinct phases while exploring the differences, aswell as the sometimes unexpected similarities, of their respective theore tical methods. This book is an informative guide for researchers, and the benefits are a result from an integrated view of a very broad area of research, which islimited in previous books about this subject. The main unifying tool explored in this book is the wave kinetic theory based on Wigner functions. Other theoretical approaches, eventually more familiar to the reader, are also given forextension and comparison. The book considers laser cooling techniques, atom-atom interactions, and focuses on the e lementary excitations and collective oscillations in atomic clouds, Bose-Einstein condensates, and Rydberg plasmas.Linear and nonlinear processes are considered, including Landau damping, soliton excitation and vortices. Atomic interferometers and quantum coherence are also included
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Laser Cooling
Wave Kinetic Approach
Atomic Clouds
Waves and Oscillations in Clouds
Photons in the Ultra
Cold Gas
Bose Einstein Condensates
Elementary Excitations in BECs
Solitons
Quantum Field Theory of BECs
Superfluidity
Rotating BECs
Quantum Coherence
Ultra
Cold Plasmas
Physics of Rydberg Plasmas
Waves in Rydberg Plasmas
Kinetic Theory of Waves
Conclusions
Appendix
ISBN:9781461454137
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v70
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461430766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science of Solar System Ices [electronic resource]
Author(s): Murthy S Gudipati
Julie Castillo-Rogez
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Science of Solar System Ices The role of laboratory research and simulations in advancing our understanding of solar system ices (including satellites, KBOs, comets, and giant planets) is becoming increasingly important.Understanding ice surface radiation processing, particle and radiation penetration depths, surface and subsurface chemistry, morphology, phases, density, conductivity, etc., are only a few examples of the inventory of issues that arebeing addressed by Earth-based laboratory resear ch. As a response to the growing need for cross-disciplinary dialog and communication in the planetary ices science community, this book aims to foster focused collaborations among theobservational, modeling, and laboratory research communities. The book is a compilation of articles from experts in ices: experimentalists, modelers, and observers (ground-based telescopes and space missions). Most of the contributorsfeatured in this book are renowned experts in their respective fields. Many of these scienti sts have also participated in the book entitled Solar Systems Ices (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998) in the Astrophysics and Space ScienceLibrary Series
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Part I
Optical Remote Sensing of Planetary Ices
Chapter 1: Observed Ices in the Solar System
Chapter 2: Photometric Properties of Solar System Ices
Chapter 3: Ultraviolet Properties of Planetary Ices
Chapter 4: The Ices on Transneptunain Objects and Centaurs
Part II: Ice Physical Properties and Planetary Applications
Chapter 5: First
Principles Calculations of Physical Properties of Planetary Ices
Chapter 6: Frictional Sliding of Cold Ice: A Fundamental Process Underlying Tectonic Activity Within Icy Satellites
Chapter 7: Pla
ISBN:9781461430766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v356
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461430520:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cold War Space Sleuths [electronic resource] : The Untold Secrets of the Soviet Space Program
Author(s): Dominic Phelan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Cold War Space Sleuths reads like a Cold War espionage novel, but the reality of the story about the dedicated amateur observers bent on finding out about Soviet spaceflight during the Cold War is just as exciting and absorbing.Told in the sleuth's o wn words, each chapter unfolds a piece of the hidden history of what was happening behind the Iron Curtain. Coming from all over the world, including Russia itself, the amateur spies give first-hand accounts ofoften-forgotten aspects of the Cold War space race. Amongst others, their stories include: - the history of the Kettering Group - looking inside the Russian archives - unsolved mysteries, such as why cosmonauts were airbrushed out ofthe official archives - reading between the lines of the Soviet med ia - the impact of Gorbachev's glasnost on sleuthing - new research, including chapters by James Oberg, Asif Siddiqi, and Bart Hendrickx
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Editor's introduction
Acknowledgements
Chapter 1: Space sleuths and their 'scoops' Dominic Phelan
Chapter 2: Hidden in plain view Brian Harvey
Chapter 3: The satellite trackers Sven Grahn
Chapter 4: Cosmonauts who weren't there James Oberg
Chapter 5: The view from Paris Claude Wachtel and Christian Lardier
Chapter 6: Orbital elements of surprise Phillip Clark
Chapter 7: Adventures in Star City Bert Vis
Chapter 8: Russian
language sleuthing Bart Hendrickx
Chapter 9: People and archives Asif Siddiqi
Chapter 10: Urban cosmonauts and space historians Da
ISBN:9781461430520
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781441982858:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Miniature Joule-Thomson Cryocooling [electronic resource] : Principles and Practice
Author(s): Ben-Zion Maytal
John M Pfotenhauer
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is the first in English being entirely dedicated to Miniature Joule-Thomson Cryocooling. The category of Joule-Thomson (JT) cryocoolers takes us back to the roots of cryogenics, in 1895, with figures like Linde andHampson. The cold finger o f these cryocoolers is compact, lacks moving parts, and sustains a large heat flux extraction at a steady temperature. Potentially, they cool down unbeatably fast. For example, cooling to below 100 K(minus 173 Celsius) might be accomplished within only a few seconds by liquefying argon. A level of about 120 K can be reached almost instantly with krypton. Indeed, the species of coolant plays a central role dictating the size, theintensity and the level of cryocooling. It is the JT effect that drives these cryocoolers and reflects the deviation of the real gas from the ideal gas properties. The nine chapters of the book are arranged in five parts. TheCommon Principle of Cyrocoolers shared across the broad variety of cryocooler types Theoretical Aspects: t he JT effect and its inversion, cooling potential of coolants, the liquefaction process, sizing of heat exchangers, level ofpressurization, discharge of pressure vessels Practical Aspects: modes of operation (fast cooldown, continuous, multi-staging, hyb rid cryocoolers), pressure sources, configuration, construction and technologies, flow adjustment,MEMS, open and closed cycle, cooldown process and similarity, transient behavior Mixed Coolant cryocooling: theory, practice and applications Special Topic s: real gas choked flow rates, gas purity, clog formation, optimal fixedorifice, modeling, cryosurgical devices, warming by the inverse JT effect The theoretical aspects may be of interest not only to those working with cryocoolers but also for others wit h a general interest in real gas thermodynamics,such as, for example, the inversion of the JT effect in its differential and integral forms, and the exceptional behavior of the quan
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Cryocoolers
the Common Principle
The Joule
Thomson Effect, its Inversion, and other Expansions
The Linde
Hampson Cryocooling Process
Thermodynamic Characterization of Coolants
Principal Modes of Operation
Construction and Configuration
The Transient Behavior
Mixed Coolant Cryocooling
Special Topics
ISBN:9781441982858
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Cryogenics Monograph Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642296055:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Collisional Narrowing and Dynamical Decoupling in a Dense Ensemble of Cold Atoms [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yoav Sagi
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ultra-cold atomic ensembles have emerged in recent years as a powerful tool in many-body physics research, quantum information science and metrology. This thesis presents an experimental and theoretical study of the coherentproperties of trapped atom ic ensembles at high densities, which are essential to many of the aforementioned applications. The study focuses on how inter-particle interactions modify the ensemble coherence dynamics, and whether it ispossible to extend the coherence time by means of external control. The thesis presents a theoretical model which explains the effect of elastic collision of the coherence dynamics and then reports on experiments which test this modelsuccessfully in the lab. Furthermore, the work includes the first impl ementation of dynamical decoupling with ultra-cold atomic ensembles. It is demonstrated experimentally that by using dynamical decoupling the coherence time can beextended 20-fold. This has a great potential to increase the usefulness of these ensembles f or quantum computation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Experimental Setup
Theoretical Framework
Spectral Narrowing due to Elastic Collisions
The Ensemble Spectrum with an Arbitrary Detuning Distribution
Motional Broadening in Ensembles with Heavy
tail Detuning Distribution
Suppression of Collisional Decoherence by Dynamical Decoupling
ISBN:9783642296055
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642296048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Collisional Narrowing and Dynamical Decoupling in a Dense Ensemble of Cold Atoms [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yoav Sagi
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642296048
Series:Springer Theses
Series:e-books
Keywords: Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics , Low Temperature Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642295119:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Many Body Systems [electronic resource] : Cetraro, Italy 2010, Editors: Alessandro Giuliani, Vieri Mastropietro, Jakob Yngvason
Author(s): Vincent Rivasseau
Robert Seiringer
Jan Philip Solovej
Thomas Spencer
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is based on the lectures given at the CIME school Quantum many body systems held in the summer of 2010. It provides a tutorial introduction to recent advances in the mathematics of interacting systems, written byfour leading experts in the f ield: V. Rivasseau illustrates the applications of constructive Quantum Field Theory to 2D interacting electrons and their relation to quantum gravity R. Seiringer describes a proof of Bose-Einsteincondensation in the Gross-Pitaevski limit and explains th e effects of rotating traps and the emergence of lattices of quantized vortices J.-P. Solovej gives an introduction to the theory of quantum Coulomb systems and to thefunctional analytic methods used to prove their thermodynamic stability finally, T. Spen cer explains the supersymmetric approach to Anderson localization and its relation to the theory of random matrices. All the lectures arecharacterized by their mathematical rigor combined with physical insights
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1.Introduction to the Renormalization Group with Applications to Non
Relativistic Quantum Electron Gases. Vincent Rivasseau
2.Cold Quantum Gases and Bose
Einstein Condensation. Robert Seiringer
3. Quantum Coulomb gases. Jan Philip Solovey
4. SUSY Statistical Mechanics and Random Band Matrices. Thomas Spencer
ISBN:9783642295119
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2051
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642293399:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Simulations of Dark Energy Cosmologies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Elise Jennings
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:A major outstanding problem in physics is understanding the nature of the dark energy that is driving the accelerating expansion of the Universe. This thesis makes a significant contribution by demonstrating, for the first time,using state-of-the-art computer simulations, that the interpretation of future galaxy survey measurements is far more subtle than is widely assumed, and that a major revision to our models of these effects is urgently needed. The workcontained in the thesis was used by the Wig gleZ dark energy survey to measure the growth rate of cosmic structure in 2011 and had a direct impact on the design of the surveys to be conducted by the European Space Agency's Euclidmission, a 650 million euro project to measure dark energy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Growth of Matter Perturbations in the Universe
Simulations of Quintessential Cold Dark Matter
Modelling Redshift Space Distortions in Hierarchical Cosmologies
Testing Gravity Using the Growth of Large Scale Structure in the Universe
Conclusions
Appendices
ISBN:9783642293399
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642275616:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From the Atomic Bomb to the Landau Institute [electronic resource] : Autobiography. Top Non-Secret
Author(s): Isaak M Khalatnikov
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The book is an expanded autobiography of the famous theoretical physicist Isaak Khalatnikov. He worked together with L.D. Landau at the Institute for Physical Problems lead by P.L. Kapitza. He is the co-author of L.D. Landau in anumber of important w orks. They worked together in the frame of the so-called Nuclear Bomb Project. After the death of L.D. Landau, I.M. Khalatnikov initiated the establishment of the Institute for Theoretical Physics, named in honourof L.D. Landau, within the USSR Academy of Sciences. He headed this institute from the beginning as its Director. The institute inherited almost all traditions of the Landau scientific school and played a prominent role in thedevelopment of theoretical physics. So, this is a story about how the i nstitute was created, how it worked, and about the life of the physicists in the golden age of the Soviet science. A separate chapter is devoted to todayslife of the institute and the young generation of physicists working now in science. It is an histori cally interesting book on the development of Soviet and Russian science and presents the background of the Soviet nuclear bomb programin the cold war age. In war times, Khalatnikov was a chief of the military staff of nuclear research. He writes about the internal conditions of Soviet society, the way of operating of the Soviet authorities and ways for scientists tointeract with them. It gives many interesting insights into the development of superconductivity and superfluidity. The book is written by the most experienced and best informed person among the few living Russian scientists in theenvironment of Landau. Many stories of the book were never published before and considered as top secret
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:THE BEGINNING
THE WAR
A SPECIAL PROBLEM IN THE INSTITUTE OF PHYSICAL PROBLEMS
MY TEACHER
THE INSTITUTE
WINDOW TO THE WORLD
TODAY
ISBN:9783642275616
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642246098:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Phase Change in Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michel Frmond
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Predictive theories of phenomena involving phase change with applications in engineering are investigated in this volume, e.g. solid-liquid phase change, volume and surface damage, and phase change involving temperaturediscontinuities. Many other pha se change phenomena such as solid-solid phase change in shape memory alloys and vapor-liquid phase change are also explored. Modeling is based on continuum thermo-mechanics. This involves a renewedprinciple of virtual power introducing the power of the mi croscopic motions responsible for phase change. This improvement yields a new equation of motion related to microscopic motions, beyond the classical equation of motion formacroscopic motions. The new theory sensibly improves the phase change modeling. Fo r example, when warm rain falls on frozen soil, the dangerous black ice phenomenon can be comprehensively predicted. In addition, novel equationspredict the evolution of clouds, which are themselves a mixture of air, liquid water and vapor
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 The State Quantities and the Quantities Describing the Evolution
3 The Basic Laws of Mechanics
4 Solid
liquid Phase Change
5 Shape Memory Alloys
6 Damage
7 Contact with Adhesion
8 Damage of Solids Glued on One Another. Coupling of Volume and Surface Damages
9 Phase Change with Discontinuity of Temperature: Warm Water in Contact with Cold Ice
10 Phase Change and Collisions
11 Collisions of Deformable Bodies and Phase Change
12 Phase Change Depending on a State Quantity: Liquid
vapor Phase Change
13 Clouds: Mixture of Air, Vapor and Liquid Wat
ISBN:9783642246098
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes of the Unione Matematica Italiana, 1862-9113 : v13
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Meteorology , Materials , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642244155:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Dirichlet Problem for Elliptic-Hyperbolic Equations of Keldysh Type [electronic resource]
Author(s): Thomas H Otway
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Partial differential equations of mixed elliptic-hyperbolic type arise in diverse areas of physics and geometry, including fluid and plasma dynamics, optics, cosmology, traffic engineering, projective geometry, geometricvariational theory, and the th eory of isometric embeddings. And yet even the linear theory of these equations is at a very early stage. This text examines various Dirichlet problems that can be formulated for Keldysh-type equations,one of the two main classes of linear elliptic-hyperb olic equations. Open boundary conditions (in which data are prescribed on only part of the boundary) and closed boundary conditions (in which data are prescribed on the entireboundary) are both considered. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of boundary conditions for which solutions can be shown to exist in an appropriate function space, and specific applications to plasma physics, optics, and analysison projective spaces are discussed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 Mathematical Preliminaries
3 The Equation of Cinquini
Cibrario
4 The Cold Plasma Model
5 Light near a Caustic
6 Projective Geometry
ISBN:9783642244155
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2043
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642235153:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Nuclear Fission [electronic resource] : A Textbook
Author(s): Hans J Krappe
Krzysztof Pomorski
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book brings together various aspects of the nuclear fission phenomenon discovered by Hahn, Strassmann and Meitner almost 70 years ago. Beginning with an historical introduction the authors present various models to describethe fission process of hot nuclei as well as the spontaneous fission of cold nuclei and their isomers. The role of transport coefficients, like inertia and friction in fission dynamics is discussed. The effect of the nuclear shellstructure on the fission probability and the ma ss and kinetic energy distributions of the fission fragments is presented. The fusion-fission process leading to the synthesis of new isotopes including super-heavy elements is described.The book will thus be useful for theoretical and experimental physic ists, as well as for graduate and PhD students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Introduction
Potential Energy Surfaces
Statistical Decay Model
Scission Point Models
Fission Dynamics
ISBN:9783642235153
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v838
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Nuclear engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642225581:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Crossing of Heaven [electronic resource] Memoirs of a Mathematician
Author(s): Karl Gustafson
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:As one of the most prolific mathematicians of our time, Karl Gustafson has been a central figure in the astonishing technological revolution of the last half-centurya revolution which has transformed human life. This, his ownaccount of his journey th rough those decades, takes the reader from his early pioneering work in computing and espionage, where his contribution was vital to the American Cold War effort, to his observations on core contemporary issuessuch as the stability of the worlds financial system. Gustafsons crucial role in top-secret military intelligence, which saw him tracking Russian submarines, intercepting electronic intelligence and writing the software forAmericas first spy satellite, is related here for the first time. His narrati ve includes fascinating encounters with Nobel laureates and figures of historical importance, the European post-doctoral fellowships that expanded hisperspectives on science and life, and hair-raising stories from his early rock-climbing days including br ushes with death then and later, such as being struck by lightning and knocked unconscious near a mountain top. Gustafsonswide-ranging mathematical accomplishments have led to invitations and travel throughout the world, and he tells of the greatand at ti mes strangepersonalities he has met along the way. His unique journey has included hard knocksand beautiful women, who have, as he likes to say, added to the great adventure
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1 The Child in Iowa
2 The Boy in Boulder
3 The Student in Poverty
4 Computers and Espionage
5 First Publication
6 Into Academia
7 The World Opens
8 Personas and Personalities
9 Wives, Lovers, Friends
10 Close Calls
11 Mathematics
12 High Finance
13 The Improbabilities
14 Realities
15 The Crossing of Heaven
Appendix
ISBN:9783642225581
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Data structures (Computer science) , Finance , Computer science Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642104497:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Theories of Many-Particle Systems in Condensed Matter Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel C Cabra
Andreas Honecker
Pierre Pujol
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Condensed matter systems where interactions are strong are inherently difficult to analyze theoretically. The situation is particularly interesting in low-dimensional systems, where quantum fluctuations play a crucial role. Here,the development of no n-perturbative methods and the study of integrable field theory have facilitated the understanding of the behavior of many quasi one- and two-dimensional strongly correlated systems. In view of the same rapiddevelopment that has taken place for both exper imental and numerical techniques, as well as the emergence of novel testing-grounds such as cold atoms or graphene, the current understanding of strongly correlated condensed mattersystems differs quite considerably from standard textbook presentations. The present volume of lecture notes aims to fill this gap in the literature by providing a collection of authoritative tutorial reviews, covering such topicsas quantum phase transitions of antiferromagnets and cuprate-based high-temperature superconductor s, electronic liquid crystal phases, graphene physics, dynamical mean field theory applied to strongly correlated systems, transportthrough quantum dots, quantum information perspectives on many-body physics, frustrated magnetism, statistical mechanics of classical and quantum computational complexity, and integrable methods in statistical field theory. As bothgraduate-level text and authoritative reference on this topic, this book will benefit newcomers and more experienced researchers in this field ali ke
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantum Phase Transitions of Antiferromagnets and the Cuprate Superconductors
Electronic Liquid Crystal Phases in Strongly Correlated Systems
Selected Topics in Graphene Physics
Strong Electronic Correlations: Dynamical Mean
Field Theory and Beyond
Nonequilibrium Transport and Dephasing in Coulomb
blockaded Quantum Dots
Many
body Physics From a Quantum Information Perspective
Statistical Mechanics of Classical and Quantum Computational Complexity
Non
perturbative Methods in (1+1) Dimensional Quantum Field Theory
ISBN:9783642104497
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v843
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461434306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tragedy and Triumph in Orbit [electronic resource] : The Eighties and Early Nineties
Author(s): Ben Evans
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:April 12, 2011, was the 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin's pioneering journey into space. To commemorate this momentous achievement, Springer-Praxis is producing a mini series of books that reveals how humanity's knowledge offlying, working, and livi ng in space has grown in the last half century. Tragedy and Triumph in Orbit, the fourth book in the series, explores the tumultuous events of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, a time whenareinvigorated Cold War between the United States and the S oviet Union bred further distrust and intense competition between the two old foes. As the Shuttle sought to fulfill its mandate of regular, routine access to space, a fatalAchilles heel in the system remained undetected until, one freezing January day in 1986, it made itself known with horrifying suddenness on millions of television screens across the world. Systemic flaws, and the urgent need to resolvethem, led to several years of introspection, while the Soviet program seemed to prosper and cosmonauts spent longer periods in space than ever before. By the end of the 1980s, a pair of Soviet success masked political changes on theground, changes which would dramatically turn a once-proud human space program into a mere shadow of what it was. The consequ ence would be a rocky road to an unlikely partnership
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Illustrations
Author's Preface
Acknowledgements
Chapter 1: We deliver
Chapter 2: A final Soviet salute
Chapter 3: An age of innocence
Chapter 4: Road to Peace
Chapter 5: New beginnings
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9781461434306
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400715301:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reciprocity, Spatial Mapping and Time Reversal in Electromagnetics [electronic resource]
Author(s): C Altman
K Suchy
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This long awaited second edition traces the original developments from the 1970s and brings them up to date with new and previously unpublished material to give this work a new lease of life for the early twenty-first century andreaders new to the to pic. In the winter of 1970-71, Colman Altman had been finding almost exact symmetries in the computed reflection and transmission matrices for plane-stratified magnetoplasmas when symmetrically related directionsof incidence were compared. At the suggesti on of Kurt Suchy the complex conjugate wave fields, used to construct the eigenmode amplitudes via the mean Poynting flux densities, were replaced by the adjoint wave fields that wouldpropagate in a medium with transposed constitutive tensors, to yield a scattering theorem reciprocity in k-space -- in the computer output. To prove the result analytically, one had to investigate the properties of the adjointMaxwell system, and the two independent proofs that followed, in 1975 and 1979, proceeded according to the personal preference of each of the authors. The proof given in this volume, based on the hindsight provided by later results, ismuch more simple and concise. Later, when media with bianisotropic constitutive tensors were investigated, it was found that conjugate (reciprocal) media and wave fields could be formed by any orthogonal spatial mapping of those in theoriginal problem, after media and fields were reversed in time. The result was still quite general and not limited to stratified systems. T he second line of development was to find the link between reciprocity in k-space and Lorentzreciprocity involving currents and sources in physical space. This was done for plane-stratified media by applying the scattering theorem to the plane-wave spectr um of eigenmodes radiated by one current source and reaching the secondsource. The reverse linkage between Lorentz reciprocity and reciprocity in k-space had already been found. However, this was the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction: scope and aims
1. Wave propagation in a cold magnetoplasma
2. Eigenrnode reciprocity in k
space
3. Generalization of the scattering theorem
4. Reciprocity in media with sources
5. From scattering theorem to Lorentz reciprocity
6. Orthogonal mappings of fields and sources
7. Time reversal and reciprocity
8. Epilog: Time
reversal and reciprocity revisited
Appendix A
A.1 The spectral resolution of a matrix
A.2 Application to gyrotropic tensors
A.3 Fourth
order orthogonal projectors
Bibliography
Notation and symbols
Index
ISBN:9789400715301
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642127182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory [electronic resource] : Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (19352008)
Author(s): Albert C. J Luo
Valentin Afraimovich
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory: Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (19352008) covers the recent developments and advances in the theory and application of Hamiltonian chaos in nonlinear Hamiltonian systems. Thebook is dedicated to Dr. George Z aslavsky, who was one of three founders of the theory of Hamiltonian chaos. Each chapter in this book was written by well-established scientists in the field of nonlinear Hamiltonian systems. Thedevelopment presented in this book goes beyond the KAM theor y, and the onset and disappearance of chaos in the stochastic and resonant layers of nonlinear Hamiltonian systems are predicted analytically, instead of qualitatively. Thebook is intended for researchers in the field of nonlinear dynamics in mathematics, physics and engineering. Dr. Albert C.J. Luo is a Professor at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA. Dr. Valentin Afraimovich is a Professorat San Luis Potosi University, Mexico
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Stochastic and Resonant Layers in Nonlinear Hamiltonian Systems
A New Approach to The Treatment of Separatrix Chaos and Its Applications
Hamiltonian Chaos and Anomalous Transport in Two Dimensional Flows
Hamiltonian Chaos with A Cold Atom in An Optical Lattice
Using Stochastic Webs to Control The Quantum Transport of Electrons in Semiconductor Superlattices
Chaos in Ocean Acoustic Waveguide
ISBN:9783642127182
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Nonlinear Physical Science, 1867-8440 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Systems theory , Vibration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441981790:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Phase Transitions in Cold Atoms and Low Temperature Solids [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kaden Richard Alan Hazzard
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The primary focus of this thesis is to theoreticallydescribe nanokelvin experiments in cold atomic gases, which offer the potential to revolutionize our understanding of strongly correlated many-body systems. The thesisattacks major challenges of the field: it proposes and analyzes experimental protocols to create new and interesting states of matter and introduces theoretical techniques to describe probes of these states. The phenomenaconsidered include the fractional quantum Hall effect, spectrosco py of strongly correlated states, and quantum criticality, among others. The thesis also clarifies experiments on disordered quantum solids, which display a variety ofexotic phenomena and are candidates to exhibit so-called supersolidity. It collects expe rimental results and constrains their interpretation through theoretical considerations. This Doctoral Thesis has been accepted by CornellUniversity, Ithaca, USA
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to many
body physics in ultracold atomic gases
Theoretical and experimental techniques used to explore many
body physics in cold atoms, especially optical lattices
Radio
frequency spectroscopy: broad introduction
RF spectra: a sum rule approach to trapped bosons in an optical lattice
RF spectra: multiple peaked spectrum in a homogeneous system
Radio
frequency spectra at finite temperature, fluctuation response relations, and proposed applications
RF spectra: summary, conclusions, and the future
Rotation, inducing gauge fields, and exotic states of matter in co
ISBN:9781441981790
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441980410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Is There a Temperature? [electronic resource] : Conceptual Challenges at High Energy, Acceleration and Complexity
Author(s): Tams Sndor Bir
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Physical bodies can be hot or cold, moving or standing,simple or complex. In all such cases one assumes that their respective temperature is a well defined attribute. What if, however, the ordinary measurement of temperatureby direct body contact is not possible? One conjectures its value, and yes, its very existence, by reasoning based on basic principles of thermodynamics. Is There a Temperature? Conceptual Challenges at High Energy, Accelerationand Complexity, by Dr. Tams Sndor Br, begins by askin g the questions Do we understand and can we explain in a unified framework the temperature of distant radiation sources, including event horizons, and that of the quarkmatter produced in high energy accelerator experiments? Or the astounding fluctuations on financial markets? The book reviews the concept of temperature from its beginnings through the evolution of classical thermodynamics andatomic statistical physics through contemporary models of high energy particle matter. Based on the views of high en ergy nuclear physicists, it crosses over several traditional disciplines of university physics.Recent developmentstowards an abstract, general and thermodynamically consistent treatment of non-extensive systems are worked in. Exercise problems and solutio ns help to deepen the readers understanding into the details behind the theories.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
How to measure the temperature
How to interpret the temperature
Fluctuatingtemperature
Complications with the temperature
The temperature of moving bodies
The temperature of no return
The temperature in quantum field theory
Afterword
Solutions
References
ISBN:9781441980410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v171
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics , Thermodynamics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441967978:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetic Theory of the Inner Magnetospheric Plasma [electronic resource]
Author(s): George V Khazanov
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book provides a broad introduction to the kinetic theory of space plasma physics with the major focus on the inner magnetospheric plasma. It is designed to provide a comprehensive description of the different kinds oftransport equations for both plasma particles and waves with an emphasis on the applicability and limitations of each set of equations. The major topics are: Kinetic Theory of Superthermal Electrons, Kinetic Foundation of theHydrodynamic Description of Space Plasmas (including wave- particle interaction processes), and Kinetic Theory of the Terrestrial Ring Current. Distinguishable features of this book are the analytical solutions of simplified transportequations. Approximate analytic solutions of transport phenomena are very useful because they help us gain physical insight into how the system responds to varying sources of mass, momentum and energy and also to various externalboundary conditions. They also provide us a convenient method to test the validity of complicated numerica l models, a task that is usually tedious and time consuming. This book will provide students and space researchers with anunderstanding of how to determine the best approach to any upper atmospheric or space physics problem
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Kinetic Equations and Particle Collisions
General Description of Wave Particle Interaction Phenomena
Hydrodynamic Description of Space Plasma
Analysis of Superthermal Electron Transport
Analysis of Cold Plasma Transport
Kinetic Theory of Superthermal Electron Transport
Kinetic Superthermal Electron Instabilities in the Ionosphere
Kinetic Theory of Ring Current and Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves: Fundamentals
Kinetic Theory of Ring Current and Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves: Applications
Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9781441967978
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v372
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642144066:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Particle and Cluster Emission [electronic resource]
Author(s): Doru S Delion
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Nowadays experimental nuclear physics pushes its limits towards highly unstable nuclei. The theoretical description of proton-rich and neutronrich nuclei or superheavy elements has become an important part of the modern nuclearphysics. The main tool to investigate such unstable nuclei concerns radioactive decays, from proton emission to fission processes. We review the main theoretical methods describing decay processes induced by the strong interaction,like Coupled channels method for Gamow resonanc es, R-matrix theory, Distorted wave approach, Semiclassical approach, Multi step and Two center shell model. Thus, most of the book is addressed to a broad audience within the nuclearphysics community. Secondly, this book is an attempt to clarify some fun damental aspects connected with the fine structure or anisotropy in alpha decay and ternary cold fission. Finally, the self consistent microscopic theory of thealpha decay is analyzed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Binary Emission Processes
Core
angular Harmonics
Coupled Channels Methods
Semiclassical Approach
Fine Structure of Emission Processes
Ternary Emission Processes
Microscopic Emission Theories
Performation Amplitude
Selfconsistent Emission Theory
QRPA Description of the a
Decay to Excited States
Heavy Cluster Decays
Conclusions
Appendices
Index
ISBN:9783642144066
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, Volume 819, 0075-8450 : v819
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642104916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Plasma Physics [electronic resource] : An Introduction to Laboratory, Space, and Fusion Plasmas
Author(s): Alexander Piel
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Plasma Physics gives a comprehensive introduction to the basic processes in plasmas and demonstrates that the same fundamental concepts describe cold gas-discharge plasmas, space plasmas, and hot fusion plasmas. Starting fromparticle drifts in magnet ic fields, the principles of magnetic confinement fusion are explained and compared with laser fusion. Collective processes are discussed in terms of plasma waves and instabilities. The concepts of plasmadescription by magnetohydrodynamics, kinetic theory , and particle simulation are stepwise introduced. Space charge effects in sheath regions, double layers and plasma diodes are given the necessary attention. The new fundamentalmechanisms of dusty plasmas are explored and integrated into the framework of conventional plasmas. The book concludes with a brief introduction to plasma discharges. Written by an internationally renowned researcher in experimentalplasma physics, the text keeps the mathematical apparatus simple and emphasizes the underlying concep ts. The guidelines of plasma physics are illustrated by a host of practical examples including plasma diagnostics with differentLangmuir probe methods or laser interferometry, ionospheric sounding, Faraday rotation, space thrusters, and diagnostics of dus ty plasmas. Though primarily addressing students in plasma physics, the book is easily accessible forresearchers in neighboring disciplines, such as space science, astrophysics, material science, applied physics, and electrical engineering. The text is ba sed on an introductory course to plasma physics and more specialized courses inplasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas, and plasma waves, which the author has taught at Kiel University for two decades. The pedagogical approach combines detailed explanations, a large number of illustrative figures, short summaries ofthe basics at the end of each chapter, and a selection of problems with detailed solutions. The book is primarily aimed at students meeting plasma
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Definition of the Plasma State
Single Particle Motion
Stochastic Processes in a Plasma
Fluid Models
Plasma Waves
Plasma Boundaries
Instabilities
Kinetic Description of Plasmas
Dusty Plasmas
Plasma Generation
Constants and Formulas
Solutions
ISBN:9783642104916
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Nuclear engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642020667:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinearities in Periodic Structures and Metamaterials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Cornelia Denz
Sergej Flach
Yuri S Kivshar
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Optical information processing of the future is associated with a new generation of compact nanoscale optical devices operating entirely with light. Moreover, adaptive features such as self-guiding, reconfiguration and switchingbecome more and more i mportant. Nonlinear devices offer an enormous potential for these applications. Consequently, innovative concepts for all-optical communication and information technologies based on nonlinear effects inphotonic-crystal physics and nanoscale devices as met amaterials are of high interest. This book focuses on nonlinear optical phenomena in periodic media, such as photonic crystals, optically-induced, adaptive lattices, atomic latticesor metamaterials. The main purpose is to describe and overview new physica l phenomena that result from the interplay between nonlinearities and structural periodicities and is a guide to actual and future developments for the expertreader in optical information processing, as well as in the physics of cold atoms in optical latt ices
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
General Theory
Waveguide Arrays
Nonlinear Optics in Photonic Crystals
Optically
Induced Photonic Lattices
Matter
Wave Solitons in Optical Lattices
Novel Periodic Materials
ISBN:9783642020667
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v150
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441973979:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Refractography [electronic resource]
Author(s): B.S Rinkevichyus
O.A Evtikhieva
I.L Raskovskaya
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book describes the basic principles of laser refractography, a flexible new diagnostic tool for measuring optically inhomogeneous media and flows. Laser refractography is based on digital imaging and computer processing ofstructured laser beam r efraction (SLR) in inhomogeneous transparent media. Laser refractograms provide both qualitative and quantitative measurements and can be used for the study of fast and transient processes. In this book, thetheoretical basis of refractography is explored in some detail, and experimental setups are described for measurement of transparent media using either 2D (passed radiation) or 3D (scattered radiation) refractograms. Specific examplesand applications are discussed, including visualization of the bounda ry layer near a hot or cold metallic ball in water, and observation of edge effects and microlayers in liquids and gases. As the first book to describe this new andexciting technique, this monograph has broad cross-disciplinary appeal and will be of inter est to students and researchers who need to characterize complex fluid behavior
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Structured Laser Radiation
Physical Causes of Optical Inhomogeneity
Refraction of Laser Beams in Inhomogeneous Media
Refraction of SLR in a Spherical Inhomogeneity
Laser Refractography Systems
Digital Recording and Processing for Refractography
Quantitative Diagnosis of Inhomogeneities
Conclusion
Quiz
Index
ISBN:9781441973979
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer vision , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642031748:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time in Quantum Mechanics - Vol. 2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gonzalo Muga
Andreas Ruschhaupt
Adolfo Campo
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The treatment of time in quantum mechanics continues to be a key challenge in the foundation of quantum theory. This book follows Time in Quantum MechanicsVolume 1 and is the second volume to detail the problems, attempts andachievements in defining, formalizing and measuring different time quantities in quantum theory. It touches upon numerous related issues as well. Time in Quantum MechanicsVolume 2 opens with a brief historical overview. It thenoffers eleven tutorial reviews which cover many open questions regarding fundamental concepts and time observables as well as a number of quantum dynamical effects and their associated characteristic time scales. In addition, thevolume contains a tutorial review on atomic clocks that explains that while we do not know what time is, we know very well how to measure it with exceptional accuracy. Thorough and lucid, this book is written as an introductory guidefor newcomers to the subject. However, it is also useful as a reference for the expert
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Memories of Old Times: Schlick and Reichenbach on Time in Quantum Mechanics
The Time Dependent Schrdinger Equation Revisited: Quantum Optical and Classical Maxwell Routes to Schrdinger's Wave Equation
Post Pauli's Theorem Emerging Perspective in Time in Quantum Mechanics
Detector Models for the Quantum Time of Arrival
Dwell
time Distributions in Quantum Mechanics
The Quantum Jump Approach and Some of Its Applications
Causablity in Superluminal Pulse Propagation
Experiments on Quantum Transport of Ultra
cold Atoms in Optical Potentials
Quantum Post
Exponential Decay
ISBN:9783642031748
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v789
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402093302:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Kinetic Theory of a Dilute Ionized Plasma [electronic resource]
Author(s): Leopoldo S Garca-Coln
Leonardo Dagdug
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book results from recent studies aimed at answering questions raised by astrophycists who use values of transport coefficients that are old and often unsatisfactory. The few books dealing with the rigorous kinetic theory of aionized plasma are b ased on the so called Landau (Fokker-Planck) equation and they seldom relate the microscopic results with their macroscopic counterpart provided by classical non-equilibrium thermodynamics. In this book both issuesare thoroughly covered. Starting from the full Boltzmann equation for inert dilute plasmas and using the Hilbert-Chapman-Enskog method to solve the first two approximations in Knudsens parameter, we construct all the transportproperties of the system within the framework of linear irreversible t hermodynamics. This includes a systematic study of all possible cross effects (which, except for a few cases, were never treated in the literature) as well as thefamous H-theorem. The equations of magneto-hydrodynamics for dilute plasmas, including the ra ther surprising results obtained for the viscomagnetic effects, may be now fully assessed. This book will be of immediate interest to theplasma physics community, as well as to astrophysicists. It is also likely to make an impact in the field of cold plas mas, involving laser cooled Rydberg atoms
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Non
equilibrium Thermodynamics
2 The Problem. 2.1 Conservation Equations. 2.2 The H Theorem and Local Equilibrium
3 Solution of the Boltzmann Equation
4 Calculation of the Currents. 4.1 Diffusion Effects. 4.2 Flow of Heat
5 Solution of the Integral Equations
6 The Transport Coefficients
7 Discussion of the Results
8 Viscomagnetism. 8.1 The Integral Equation. 8.2 The Stress Tensor. 8.3 The Integral Equation. 8.4 Comparison with Thermodynamics
9 Magnetohydrodynamics
A Calculation of M. B Linearized Boltzmann Collision Kernels. C The case when = 0. D The collision int
ISBN:9781402093302
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v53
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Statistical physics , Thermodynamics , Astrophysics , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387881348:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lecture Notes on the General Theory of Relativity [electronic resource] : From Newton's Attractive Gravity to the Repulsive Gravity of Vacuum Energy
Author(s): yvind Grn
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book has resulted from a course in the general theory of relativity at the University of Oslo where the author has lectured for more than twenty years. Although the text is designed for master students, it is ratherself-contained. Since mathemat ics courses on differential geometry and tensor calculus usually employ a rather abstract notation different from the component notation used in physical applications, the book introduces not only anintroduction to the physical principles of the theory an d physical applications of the theory, but also introduces the mathematics which is needed, in particular the calculus of differential forms. Detailed calculations are given ofthe bending of light, the perihelion precession of Mercury and the predictions for the Hafele-Keating experiment. The Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation is deduced and solved for an incompressible fluid to give the internalSchwarzschild solution. Rotating black holes are discussed. The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe models are deduced. Also the reader will become familiar with the Universe model which is now considered as the standard model of theuniverse a flat model filled with vacuum energy and cold matter. The inflationary era at the first moment of the history of our univ erse is also discussed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Newtons law of universal gravitation
The special theory of relativity
Vectors, tensors and forms
Rotating and accelerated reference frames
Covariant differentiation
Curvature
Einsteins field equations
The Schwarschild spacetime
Black holes
Schwarzschilds interior solution
Cosmology
ISBN:9780387881348
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v772
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540782179:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine [electronic resource]
Author(s): Adrian Ankiewicz
Nail Akhmediev
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The dissipative soliton concept is a fundamental extension of the concept of solitons in conservative and integrable systems. It includes ideas from three major sources, namely standard soliton theory developed since the 1960s,nonlinear dynamics theo ry, and Prigogine's ideas of systems far from equilibrium. These three sources also correspond to the three component parts of this novel paradigm. This book explains the above principles in detail and gives thereader various examples from optics, biology and medicine. These include laser systems, optical transmission lines, cortical networks, models of muscle contraction, localized vegetation structures and waves in brain tissues
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Introduction: Three Sources and Three Component Parts of the Concept of Dissipative Solitons
Solitons in Viscous Flows
Cavity Solitons in Semiconductor Devices
Compounds of Fiber
Optic Solitons
Three
Wave Dissapative Brillouin Solitons
Discrete Breathers with Dissipation
Collective Focussing and Modulational Instability of Light and Cold Atoms
On Vegetation Clustering, Localized Bare Soil Spots and Fairy Circles
Propagation of Travelling Pulses in Cortical Networks
Wave Phenomena in Neuronal Networks
Spiral Waves and Dissapative Solitons in Weakl
ISBN:9783540782179
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v751
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Neurobiology , Mathematics , Laser physics , Quantum optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540743255:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solid State Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rolf Haug
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The present volume 47 of the Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written version of a large number of the invited talks of the 2007 Spring Meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkrperphysik which was held in Regensburg,Germany, from March 26 to 30, 2007 in conjunction with the 71st Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.It gives an overview of the present status of solid state physics where low-dimensional systems such as quantumdots and quantum wires are dominating. The importan ce of magnetic materials is reflected by the large number of contributions in the part dealing with ferromagnetic films and particles. One of the most exciting achievements of the lastcouple of years is the successful application of electrical contacts to and the investigation of single layers of graphene. This exciting physics is covered in Part IV of this book. Terahertz physics is another rapidly moving fieldwhich is presented here by five contributions. Achievements in solid state physics are only rar ely possible without a thorough knowledge of material physics which is covered by the last two parts of this book
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantum Dots and Wires
Emission Characteristics, Photon Statistics and Coherence Properties of high
? Semiconductor Micropillar Lasers
Optical Microtube Ring Cavities
Wide
Bandgap Quantum Dot Based Microcavity VCSEL Structures
Momentum Space Wave Functions in InAs Quantum Dots Mapped by Capacitance Voltage Spectroscopy
Coupling Phenomena in Dual Electron Waveguide Structures
Correlation Effects
Electronic Correlations in Electron Transfer Systems
Criticality and Correlations in Cold Atomic Gases
Ferromagnetic Films and Particles
Magnetic Anisotropy and Magnetizati
ISBN:9783540743255
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Solid State Physics, 1438-4329 : v47
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Superconductivity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387731032:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ice, Rock, and Beauty [electronic resource] : A Visual Tour of the New Solar System
Author(s): David Brodie
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Ice, Rock, and Beauty is a book for anybody who lives in the solar neighborhood, and takes an interest in its significance to us as residents. Human experience of the Solar System is changing rapidly. Techniques of observationfrom Earth-based telesco pes continue to develop, while missions such as Voyager, Galileo, Cassini, and the Hubble Space Telescope have yielded many stunning images. So although most people have some knowledge of the essential structureof the Solar System, relatively few are fami liar with the amazing diversity of objects that travel with and amongst the planets in their journeys around the Sun. The book gathers images from a rich pool, many from national andinternational organizations such as NASA and ESA, some directly from acad emic astronomers, and a few from private individuals. Together they tell a story of the Solar System, and of its beauty, that has not been told before
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Wonder Just Goes On and On
Within Ourselves
That's You, Right in the Middle
Not Quite a Bee's Eye View
The Namer and the Named
The Truth but not the Whole Truth
What Happened Next
Up and Down
What It's Good At
Third Rock and a Bit
A Fabulous Night
Aorounga to Zapadnaya (by Way of Manicouagan)
Known and Unknown
Works of Nature
And Cold Indifference
Enough Way Beyonds
A Pretty Face but a Cold One
A Journey of a Thousand Lifetimes
A Moon of One's Own
No Substitute for Going There
Ringshine
Beneath the Blowing Sands
Design
ISBN:9780387731032
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Planetology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402066375:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydromagnetic Waves in the Magnetosphere and the Ionosphere [electronic resource]
Author(s): Leonid S Alperovich
Evgeny N Fedorov
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The book deals with Ultra-Low-Frequency (ULF)-electromagnetic waves observed on Earth and in Space. These are so-called geomagnetic variations or pulsations. Alfvn's discovery related to the influence of the strong magneticfield on the conducting flu ids (magnetohydrodynamics) led to development of the concept that the ULF-waves are magnetospheric magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)-waves. MHD-waves at their propagation gather information about the magnetosphere,ionosphere, and the ground. There are two applied aspects based on using the ULF electromagnetic oscillations. The first one is the ground-based diagnostics of the magnetosphere. This is an attempt to monitor in the real time themagnetosphere size, distance to the last closed field-lines, distribution o f the cold plasma, etc. The second one is the deep electromagnetic sounding of the Earth. The basis for these studies is the capability of any electromagneticwave to penetrate a conductor to a finite depth. The ULF-waves can reach the depth of a few hundr ed kilometers. Thus, geophysicists now have a unique tool that can be applied to study the solid Earth as well as its gas-plasma shells -the ionosphere and magnetosphere. This book integrates topics pertaining to all scales of the MHD-waves, emphasizing t he linkages between the ULF-waves below the ionosphere on the ground and magnetospheric MHD-waves. It will be mosthelpful to graduate and post-graduate students, familiar with advanced calculus, who study the science of MHD-waves in the magnetosphere and ionosphere
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402066375
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v353
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402064753:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols [electronic resource] : 17th International Conference, Galway, Ireland, 2007
Author(s): Colin D O'Dowd
Paul E Wagner
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Atmospheric particles are ubiquitous in the atmosphere: they form the seeds for cloud droplets and they form haze layers, blocking out incoming radiation and contributing to a partial cooling of our climate. They also contributeto poor air quality an d health impacts. A large fraction of aerosols are formed from nucleation processes that is a phase transition from vapour to liquid or solid particles. Examples are the formation of stable clusters about 1 nmin size from molecular collisions and these i n turn can grow into larger (100 nm or more) haze particles via condensation to the formation of ice crystals in mixed phase or cold clouds. This book brings together the leading expertsfrom the nucleation and atmospheric aerosols research communities to present the current state-of-the-art knowledge in these related fields. Topics covered are: Nucleation Experiment & Theory, Binary, Homogeneous and HeterogeneousNucleation, Ion & Cluster Properties During Nucleation, Aerosol Characterisation & Properties, Aerosol Formation, Dynamics and Growth, Marine Aerosol Production, Aerosol-Cloud Interactions, Chemical Composition & Cloud Drop Activation,Remote Sensing of aerosol & clouds and Air Quality-Climate Interactions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nucleation: Experiment and Theory
Nucleation: Binary, Homogeneous, and Heterogeneous
Nucleation: Ion and Cluster Properties
Ice Nucleation
Air Quality Climate
Aerosol Cloud Interactions
Aerosol Characterisation and Properties
Aerosol Formation, Dynamics and Growth
Marine Aerosol Production
Remote Sensing of Aerosols and Clouds
Chemical Composition and Cloud Drop Activation
ISBN:9781402064753
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540346210:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Active Galactic Nuclei at all Scales [electronic resource]
Author(s): Danielle Alloin
Rachel Johnson
Paulina Lira
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The energy source in Active Galactic Nuclei is commonly accepted to be gravitational and released through accretion of matter onto a supermassive black hole. Since the discovery of the first radio galaxies and quasars in theearly sixties, tremendous progress has been made in unveiling, analyzing and modelling the different components in AGN: the accretion disk, the jets of relativistic particles, the X-ray absorber close to the central engine, thetorus which funnels the ionizing radiation, the surrou nding clouds of dense material in the broad-line region and narrow-line region, the cool molecular and dusty material around the torus, as well as jet-induced effects on largerscales. Yet, it remains to incorporate all these components and physical proces ses within a self-consistent AGN model that would take into account, and predict, all the facets of observed AGN activity. Besides discussing the elementsof this Unified Model of AGN, this book also addresses the still not-entirely-understood link of an A GN with its host galaxy and also the related question of the birth and growth of massive black holes in the universe, which is ofprime interest for cosmology. The collection of lecture notes in this volume written by recognized experts in the field of Act ive Galactic Nuclei address students and young researchers. They are aimed at providing both an introductionand at the same time an overview of the state of the art of AGN research
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Active Galactic Nuclei: Basic Physics and Main Components
Multiwavelength Evidence of the Physical Processes in Radio Jets
The Broad
Line Region in Active Galactic Nuclei
Cold Gas Near Active Galactic Nuclei
AGN Beyond the 100pc Scale
The Fueling and Evolution of AGN: Internal and External Triggers
X
Ray Survey Results on Active Galaxy Physics and Evolution
The Links Between AGN and Galaxy Formation
ISBN:9783540346210
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v693
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540288596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Fission and Cluster Radioactivity [electronic resource] : An Energy-Density Functional Approach
Author(s): M. A Hooshyar
I Reichstein
F. B Malik
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:It is the first application to nuclear physics from energy-density functional method, for which Professor Walter Kohn received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The book presents a comprehensive extension of the Bohr-Wheeler theorywith the present knowle dge of nuclear density distribution function
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Summary of Observed Data and Pre
Amble
Energy
Density Functional Formalism and Nuclear Masses
The Decay Process, Fission Barrier, Half
Lives, and Mass Distributions in the Energy
Density
Functional Approach
Spontaneous Fission Half
Lives of Fermium and Super
Heavy Elements
Empirical Barrier and Spontaneous Fission
Induced Fission
Hot and Cold Fission
Isomer Fission
Cluster Radioactivity
The Relation Between the Asymptotic Kinetic Energy, and the Condition for the Existence of a Meta
Stable State
The Expression for Half
Lives of Particles Tunneling Through the Ba
ISBN:9783540288596
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Nuclear physics , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540278443:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scattering and Structures [electronic resource] : Essentials and Analogies in Quantum Physics
Author(s): Bogdan Povh
Mitja Rosina
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum physics may appear complicated, especially if one forgets the big picture and gets lost in the details. However, it can become clearer and less tangled if one applies a few fundamental concepts so that simplifiedapproaches can emerge and esti mated orders of magnitude become clear. Povh and Rosinas Scattering and Structures presents the properties of quantum systems (elementary particles, nucleons, atoms, molecules, quantum gases,quantum liquids, stars, and early universe) with the help of ele mentary concepts and analogies between these seemingly different systems. The original German-language edition of this book was written for students preparing for theirfinal oral examination in physics. By and large, the scope of the book in English has b een essentially enlarged and thus will also be of interest for physicists in general
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Photon Scattering
Lepton Scattering
Quasi
Elastic Lepton Quark Scattering
The Hydrogen Atom
Many Electron Atoms
Hadrons
Covalent and Ionic Bonding
Intermolecular Forces
Cold Neutron Scattering
The Nuclear Force and the Deuteron
Quantum Gases
Quantum Liquids
Metals
Nuclei
Droplets of a Fermi Liquid
Stars, Planets and Asteroids
Elementary Particles
The Early Universe
Index
ISBN:9783540278443
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Quantum computing , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540273622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Fusion Research [electronic resource] : Understanding Plasma-Surface Interactions
Author(s): Robert E.H Clark
Detlev H Reiter
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:It became clear in the early days of fusion research that the effects of the containment vessel (erosion of impurities) degrade the overall fusion plasma performance. Progress in controlled nuclear fusion research over thelast decade has led to magne tically confined plasmas that, in turn, are sufficiently powerful to damage the vessel structures over its lifetime. This book reviews current understanding and concepts to deal with this remaining criticaldesign issue for fusion reactors. It reviews both progress and open questions, largely in terms of available and sought-after plasma-surface interaction data and atomic/molecular data related to these plasma edge issues
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Atomic and Surface Data Issues in Nuclear Fusion
PlasmaWall Interaction: Status and Data Needs
Modeling of Fusion Edge Plasmas: Atomic and Molecular Data Issues
Energy Deposition from ELMs in Fusion Devices
Plasma Diagnostics
Molecular Diagnostics of Cold Edge Plasmas
Divertor Spectroscopy with Molecular Transport
High
Temperature Plasma Edge Diagnostics
X
ray Spectroscopy of High n Transitions of He
and Ne
Like Ions in Alcator C
Mod Plasmas
High
Temperature Plasmas Diagnostics by X
ray Spectroscopy in the Low Density Limit
Surface Processes and Material Issue
ISBN:9783540273622
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v78
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540270546:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Galileo Galilei When the World Stood Still [electronic resource]
Author(s): Atle Nss
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:I, Galileo, son of the late Vincenzio Galilei, Florentine, aged seventy years ...kneeling before you Most Eminent and Reverend Lord Cardinals ...I abjure, curse, detest the aforesaid errors and heresies. Galileo Galilei inRome, 22 June 1633, before t he men of the Inquisition. In the small village of Arcetri, on a wooded hillside just south of Florence, an old man sat writing his will. He had to make a journey to Rome and wanted to be prepared for everyeventuality. If the plague did not get him on the road, the strain of travelling might finish him off in addition he had been ill most of the autumn, with dizziness, stomach pains and a serious hernia. And even if he survived thesedifficulties, and the cold winter wind from the Apennines did not give hi m pneumonia, he had no idea what awaited him in Rome, only that his arrival was unlikely to be celebrated with a special mass. The mathematician and physicistGalileo Galilei is one of the most famous scientists of all times. The story of his life and time s, of his epoch-making experiments and discoveries, of his stubbornness and pride, of his patrons in the house of Medici, of his enemiesand friends in their struggle for truth - all is brought vividly to life in this book. Atle Nss has written a gripping account of one of the great figures in European history. He was awarded the Brage Prize, the most prestigiousliterary prize in Norway
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prologue: A journey to Rome
The musician's son
A gifted young Tuscan
To Rome and the Jesuits
A Surveyor of Inferno
The spheres from the tower
From Pisa to Padua
Signs in the sky
De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium
Lecturer and designer
A professor's commitments
Modern physics is born
A new star in an unchanging sky?
Drawing close to a court
The balls fall into place
The Roman style
The tube with the long perspective
A new world
Jupiter's sons
Johann Kepler, Imperial Mathematician
Several signs in the sky
Friendship and power
A dis
ISBN:9783540270546
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science (General) , Mathematics_$xHistory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402038440:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ISO Science Legacy [electronic resource] : A Compact Review of ISO Major Achievements
Author(s): Catherine Cesarsky
Alberto Salama
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Stars are born and die in clouds of gas and dust, opaque to most types of radiation, but transparent in the infrared. Requiring complex detectors, space missions and cooled telescopes, infrared astronomy is the last branch of thisdiscipline to come o f age. After a very successful sky survey performed in the eighties by the IRAS satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, in the nineties, brought spectacular advances in the understanding of the processes givingrise to powerful infrared emission by a gr eat variety of celestial sources. Outstanding results have been obtained on the bright comet Hale-Bopp, and in particular of its water spectrum, as well as on the formation, chemistry anddynamics of planetary objects in the solar system. Ideas on the earl y stages of stellar formation and on the stellar initial mass function have been clarified. ISO is the first facility in space able to provide a systematic diagnosisof the physical phenomena and the chemistry in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using, among other indicators, molecular hydrogen, ubiquitouscrystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has dramatically increased our ability to investigate the power production, excitation and fuelling mechanism of galaxies of every type, and has discovered a new very cold dust component ingalaxies. ISO has demonstrated that luminous infrared galaxies were brighter and much more numerous in the past, and that they played a domin ant role in shaping present day galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Foreword. General. Crystalline Silicates. Water in Space The Water World of ISO. Molecular Hydrogen. Understanding galaxy formation with ISO deep surveys
Solar System. The planets and Titan observed by ISO. Comets. Asteroids and Zodiacal Light as seen by ISO
Stars and circumstellar matter. ISO observations of Pre
Stellar Cores and Young Stellar Objects. Pre
Main Sequence Stars seen by ISO. Debris discs around stars: The 2004 ISO legacy. Late stages of Stellar Evolution
Interstellar Medium. The Cool Interstellar Medium. High excitation ISM and gas. The Ice Survey
ISBN:9781402038440
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Molecular structure
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