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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CHEMISTRY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/9990.102 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword computer applications in chemistry ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319509303:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Random Walks in the Quarter Plane Algebraic Methods, Boundary Value Problems, Applications to Queueing Systems and Analytic Combinatorics
Author(s): Guy Fayolle
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 248 p. 17 illus p.)
Contents:Introduction and History -- I The General Theory. - Probabilistic Background. - Foundations of the Analytic Approach. - The Case of a Finite Group -- II Applications to Queueing Systems and Analytic Combinatorics -- A Two-Coupled
Processor Model. - References
ISBN:9783319509303
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical statistics , Difference equations , Functional equations , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Probability and Statistics in Computer Science , Difference and Functional Equations
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Call number:9783319477053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Econophysics and Sociophysics: Recent Progress and Future Directions
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 256 p. 85 illus., 77 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Anindya S. Chakrabarti, Topology of the international trade network: size, asymmetry and volatility -- Attilio Stella, Optimal growth in the network of global economy -- Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Inequality in Societies, Academic
Institutions & Science Journals: Gini & k-indices -- Damien Challet, Market nanostructure insight into market stylized facts -- Deepak Dhar, Dynamical networks of agents with degree preference -- Diego Garlaschelli, Network
reconstruction, systemic risk, and early-warning signals -- Dipankar Gupta, Boundaries, Transgressions and Disciplinary Dynamics -- Emanuele Pugliese, New Metrics for Economic Complexity -- Fabrizio Lillo, Complex network methods for
systemic risk assessment -- Frédéric Abergel, Imperfections of financial markets: a limit order book perspective -- Harbir Lamba, Modelling momentum traders in a financial market using Prandtl-Ishlinskii operators -- Hideaki Aoyama,
Deflation and Money -- Irena Vodenska, Bi-partite network approach to predictability of financial markets and news sentiments -- János Kertész, Kinetics of Social Contagion -- Joshin Murai, A model of order signs under multiple order
splitting and public information -- Karmeshu, Stochastic Modelling of High Frequency Intra-day Stock Returns: Emergence of Cubic Power-Law -- Kimmo Kaski, Social Physics: Studies of in vivo / in situ human sociality -- Kousik
Guhathakurta, Comparing the complexity of emerging and developed stock markets using recurrence network analysis -- M.S. Santhanam, Records statistics and financial time series -- Marco Patriarca, The microscopic origin of the Pareto
law and other power-law distributions -- Matteo Marsili, Complexity driven collapse of economic equilibria -- Michele Caraglio, Bridging intraday and interday market behavior through scaling -- Parongama Sen, Segregation dynamics with
continuously varying utility factor -- Sandeep Juneja, Nearest neighbor based and other popular methods for pricing Bermudan options -- Sitabhra Sinha, Loss of structural balance in the network of cross-correlations characterizing a
financial market signals the onset of major economic crisis -- Stanislao Gualdi, A dynamic model of input-output production networks: general equilibrium stability and emergence of scale-free structures -- Taisei Kaizoji, Why does the
power law for share price hold? -- Takaaki Ohnishi, Real estate valuation using k-nearest neighbor regression -- Takayuki Mizuno, Statistically detecting stock bubbles before they burst -- Victor Yakovenko, Economic inequality from
statistical physics point of view -- Yoshi Fujiwara, Quantifying Financial Distress in a Nation-wide Production Network -- Yoshiyuki Arata, Macroeconomic Consequences of Lumpy Investment under Uncertainty -- Youngna Choi, Tracking
Financial Instability Contagion: modeling and data calibration -- Yuichi Ikeda, Community and Controllability of Global Production Network: Focusing on the Economic Crisis of 2008
ISBN:9783319477053
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Statistics , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319400754:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excel 2016 for Physical Sciences Statistics A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
Author(s): Thomas J Quirk
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (161 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-40075-4
ISBN:9783319400754
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Application software , Mathematical physics , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319306209:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Probability with Statistical Applications
Author(s): Géza Schay
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (385 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30620-9
Contents:Introduction -- The Algebra of Events -- Combinatorial Problems -- Probabilities -- Random Variables -- Expectation, Variance, Moments -- Some Special Distributions -- The Elements of Mathematical Statistics
ISBN:9783319306209
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical statistics , Measure theory , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Probability and Statistics in Computer Science , Measure and Integration , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319301907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rabi N. Bhattacharya Selected Papers
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (711 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30190-7
Contents:Part I: Modes of Approximation -- Hall, Contributions of Rabi Bhattacharya to the Central Limit Theory and Normal Approximation -- Yoshida, Asymptotic Expansions for Stochastic Processes -- Shao, An Introduction to Normal Approximation -- Reprints - - Part II: Large Time Asymptotics for Markov Processes I: Diffusion -- Varadhan, Martingale Methods for the Central Limit Theorem -- Kurtz, Ergodicity and Central Limit Theorems for Markov Processes -- Reprints -- Part III: Large Time Asymptotics for Mark ov Processes II: Dynamical Systems and Iterated Maps -- Athreya, Dynamical Systems, IID Random Iterations, and Markov Chains -- Waymire, Random Dynamical Systems and Selected Works of Rabi Bhattacharya -- Reprints -- Part IV: Stochastic Foundations in App lied Sciences I: Economics -- Kamihigashi, Stachurski, Stability Analysis for Random Dynamical Systems in Economics -- Roy, Some Economic Applications of Recent Advances in Random Dynamical Systems -- Reprints -- Part V: Stochastic
Foundations in Applied Sciences II: Geophysics -- Thomann, Waymire, Advection-Dispersion in Fluid Media and Selected Works of Rabi Bhattacharya -- Flandoli, Romito, Cascade Representations for the Navier-Stokes Equations -- Reprints -- Part VI: Stoc hastic Foundations in Applied Sciences III: Statistics -- Dryden, Le, Preston, Wood, Nonparametric Statistical Methods on Manifolds -- Huckemann, Hotz, Nonparametric Statistics on Manifolds and Beyond -- Reprints
ISBN:9783319301907
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319289649:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excel 2013 for Physical Sciences Statistics A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
Author(s): Thomas J Quirk
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28964-9
Contents:Sample Size, Mean, Standard Deviation, and Standard Error of the Mean -- Random Number Generator -- Confidence Interval About the Mean Using the TINV Function and Hypothesis Testing -- One-Group t-Test for the Mean -- Two-Group t-Test of the Differ ence of the Means for Independent Groups -- Correlation and Simple Linear Regression -- Multiple Correlation and Multiple Regression -- One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) -- Appendix A: Answers to End-of-Chapter Practice Problems -- Appendix B: Practice Test -- Appendix C: Answers to Practice Test -- Appendix D: Statistical Formulas -- Appendix E: t-table.
ISBN:9783319289649
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Application software , Mathematical physics , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319251158:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Controlling Synchronization Patterns in Complex Networks
Author(s): Judith Lehnert
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (50 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25115-8
Contents:Introduction -- Complex Dynamical Networks -- Synchronization In Complex Networks -- Control of Synchronization Transitions by Balancing Excitatory and Inhibitory Coupling -- Cluster and Group Synchrony: The Theory -- Zero-Lag and
Cluster Synchrony: Towards Applications -- Adaptive Control -- Adaptive Time-Delayed Feedback Control -- Adaptive Control of Cluster States in Network Motifs -- Adaptive Topologies -- Conclusion
ISBN:9783319251158
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , System theory , Neural networks (Computer science) , Vibration , Dynamical systems , Dynamics , Physics , Complex Networks , Mathematical Models of Cognitive Processes and Neural Networks , Physical Chemistry , Vibration, Dynamical Systems, Control , Systems Theory, Control
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068206:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stephen Lynch
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook, now in its second edition, provides a broad introduction to both continuous and discrete dynamical systems, the theory of which is motivated by examples from a wide range of disciplines. It emphasizes applicationsand simulation utilizi ng MATLAB, Simulink, the Image Processing Toolbox, and the Symbolic Math Toolbox, including MuPAD. Features new to the second edition include sections on series solutions ofordinary differential equations, perturbation methods, normal forms, Grbner bas es, and chaos synchronization chapters on image processing and binary oscillator computing hundreds of newillustrations, examples, and exercises with solutions and over eighty up-to-date MATLAB program files and Simulink model files available online. T hese files were voted MATLAB Central Pick of the Week in July2013. The hands-on approach of Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB, Second Edition, has minimal prerequisites, only requiring familiarity with ordinary differential equations. It w ill appeal to advanced undergraduateand graduate students, applied mathematicians, engineers, and researchers in a broad range of disciplines such as population dynamics, biology, chemistry, computing, economics, nonlinear optics, neural networks, and phy sics. Praise for the first edition Summing up, it can be said that this text allows the reader to have an easy and quick start to the huge field of dynamicalsystems theory. MATLAB/SIMULINK facilitate this approach under the aspect of learning by doing. OR News/Operations Research Spectrum The MATLAB programs are kept as simple as possible and the author's experience has shown thatthis method of teaching using MATLAB works well with computer laboratory classes of small sizes. I recommend Dynamical Syst ems with App
Contents:Preface
A Tutorial Introduction to MATLAB
Linear Discrete Dynamical Systems
Nonlinear Discrete Dynamical Systems
Complex Iterative Maps
Electromagnetic Waves and Optical Resonators
Fractals and Multifractals
The Image Processing Toolbox
Differential Equations
Planar Systems
Interacting Species
Limit Cycles
Hamiltonian Systems, Lyapunov Functions, and Stability
Bifurcation Theory
Three
Dimensional Autonomous Systems and Chaos
Poincar Maps and Nonautonomous Systems in the Plane
Local and Global Bifurcations
The Second Part of Hilbert's Sixte
ISBN:9783319068206
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Differential Equations , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Wurtzite Nitrides and Oxides [electronic resource] : Passport to Devices
Author(s): Bernard Gil
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book gives a survey of the current state of the art of a special class of nitrides semiconductors, Wurtzite Nitride and Oxide Semiconductors. It includes properties, growth and applications. Research in the area of nitridessemiconductors is stil l booming although some basic materials sciences issues were solved already about 20 years ago. With the advent of modern technologies and the successful growth of nitride substrates, these materials currentlyexperience a second birth. Advanced new applic ations like light-emitters, including UV operating LEDs, normally on and normally off high frequency operating transistors are expected. With progress in clean room technology, advancedphotonic and quantum optic applications are envisioned in a close futu re. This area of research is fascinating for researchers and students in materials science, electrical engineering, chemistry, electronics, physics and biophysics.This book aims to be the ad-hoc instrument to this active field of research
Contents:Crystallography and Basic Physical Properties
Band Structure and Semi
Classical Theory of the Dielectric Constant
Growth and Structural Characterization( X
Ray, AFM, TEM) of Bulk Materials and Thin Films, Heterostructures
Optical Properties of Wurtzite Epilayers
Optical Properties of Low
Dimensional Nitride Heterostructures
Photonic Devices
Transport Properties in Nitrides
Transistors
Quantum Devices
ISBN:9783319068053
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v197
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer engineering , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319051284:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Physics [electronic resource] : From Principles to Practical Work in the Lab
Author(s): Marc Eichhorn
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook originates from a lecture course in laser physics at the Karlsruhe School of Optics and Photonics at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). A main goal in the conception of this textbook was to describe thefundamentals of lasers i n a uniform and especially lab-oriented notation and formulation as well as many currently well-known laser types, becoming more and more important in the future. It closes a gap between the measureablespectroscopic quantities and the whole theoretical de scription and modeling. This textbook contains not only the fundamentals and the context of laser physics in a mathematical and methodical approach important for university-levelstudies. It allows simultaneously, owing to its conception and its modern not ation, to directly implement and use the learned matter in the practical lab work. It is presented in a format suitable for everybody who wants not only tounderstand the fundamentals of lasers but also use modern lasers or even develop and make laser setu ps. This book tries to limit prerequisite knowledge and fundamental understanding to a minimum and is intended for students in physics,chemistry and mathematics after a bachelor degree, with the intention to create as much joy and interest as seen among t he participants of the corresponding lectures. This university textbook describes in its first three chapters thefundamentals of lasers: light-matter interaction, the amplifying laser medium and the laser resonator. In the fourth chapter, pulse generation and related techniques are presented. The fifth chapter gives a closing overview ondifferent laser types gaining importance currently and in the future. It also contains a set of examples on which the theory learned in the first four chapters is applied and extended
Contents:Quantum
Mechanical Fundamentals of Lasers
The Laser Principle
Optical Resonators
Generation of Short and Ultra
Short Pulses
Laser Examples and Their Applications
ISBN:9783319051284
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319024356:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Basic Concepts in Computational Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Benjamin A. Stickler
Ewald Schachinger
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:With the development of ever more powerful computers a new branch of physics and engineering evolved over the last few decades: Computer Simulation or Computational Physics. It serves two main purposes: - Solution of complexmathematical problems such as, differential equations, minimization/optimization, or high-dimensional sums/integrals. - Direct simulation of physical processes, as for instance, molecular dynamics or Monte-Carlo simulation ofphysical/chemical/technical processes. Consequently, the book is divided into two main parts: Deterministic methods and stochastic methods. Based on concrete problems, the first part discusses numerical differentiation and integration,and the treatment of ordinary differential equations. This is augmented by n otes on the numerics of partial differential equations. The second part discusses the generation of random numbers, summarizes the basics of stochastics whichis then followed by the introduction of various Monte-Carlo (MC) methods. Specific emphasis is on MARKOV chain MC algorithms. All this is again augmented by numerous applications from physics. The final two chapters on Data Analysisand Stochastic Optimization share the two main topics as a common denominator. The book offers a number of appendices to provide the reader with more detailed information on various topics discussed in the main part. Nevertheless, thereader should be familiar with the most important concepts of statistics and probability theory albeit two appendices have been dedicated to provide a rudimentary discussion
Contents:Some Basic Remarks
Part I Deterministic Methods: Numerical Differentiation
Numerical Integration
The KEPLER Problem
Ordinary Differential Equations Initial Value Problems
The Double Pendulum
Molecular Dynamics
Numerics of Ordinary Differential Equations
Boundary Value Problems
The One
Dimensional Stationary Heat Equation
The One
Dimensional Stationary SCHRDINGER Equation
Numerics of Partial Differential Equations
Part II Stochastic Methods
Pseudo Random Number Generators
Random Sampling Methods
A Brief Introduction to Monte
Carlo Methods
The
ISBN:9783319024356
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Computer science Mathematics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319022918:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Discrete Dynamical Models [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ernesto Salinelli
Franco Tomarelli
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides an introduction to the analysis of discrete dynamical systems. The content is presented by an unitary approach that blends the perspective of mathematical modeling together with the ones of several disciplineas Mathematical Analysi s, Linear Algebra, Numerical Analysis, Systems Theory and Probability. After a preliminary discussion of several models, the main tools for the study of linear and non-linear scalar dynamical systems arepresented, paying particular attention to the stabil ity analysis. Linear difference equations are studied in detail and an elementary introduction of Z and Discrete Fourier Transform is presented. A whole chapter is devoted to thestudy of bifurcations and chaotic dynamics. One-step vector-valued dynamical systems are the subject of three chapters, where the reader can find the applications to positive systems, Markov chains, networks and search engines. Thebook is addressed mainly to students in Mathematics, Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Eco nomics. The exposition is self-contained: some appendices present prerequisites, algorithms and suggestions for computer simulations.The analysis of several examples is enriched by the proposition of many related exercises of increasing difficulty in the last chapter the detailed solution is given for most of them
Contents:1 Recursive phenomena and difference equations
2 Linear difference equations
3 Discrete dynamical systems: one
step scalar equations
4 Complex behavior of nonlinear dynamical systems: bifurcations and chaos
5 Discrete dynamical systems: vector equations
6 Markov chains
7 Matrix
8 Solutions
ISBN:9783319022918
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT, 2038-5714 : v76
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Matrix theory , Functional equations , Differentiable dynamical systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642303678:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Model Based Parameter Estimation [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Hans Georg Bock
Thomas Carraro
Willi Jger
Stefan Krkel
Rolf Rannacher
Johannes P Schlder
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This judicious selection of articles combines mathematical and numerical methods to apply parameter estimation and optimum experimental design in a range of contexts. These include fields as diverse as biology, medicine,chemistry, environmental physi cs, image processing and computer vision. The material chosen was presented at a multidisciplinary workshop on parameter estimation held in 2009 in Heidelberg. The contributions show how indispensableefficient methods of applied mathematics and computer-b ased modeling can be to enhancing the quality of interdisciplinary research. The use of scientific computing to model, simulate, and optimize complex processes has become astandard methodology in many scientific fields, as well as in industry. Demonstrat ing that the use of state-of-the-art optimization techniques in a number of research areas has much potential for improvement, this book providesadvanced numerical methods and the very latest results for the applications under consideration
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Parameter Estimation and Optimum Experimental Design for Differential Equation Models: H.G. Bock, St. Krkel, J.P. Schlder
Adaptive Finite Element Methods for Parameter Identification Problems: B. Vexler
Gauss
Newton Methods for Robust Parameter Estimation: T. Binder, E. Kostina
An Optimal Scanning Sensor Activation Policy for Parameter Estimation of Distributed Systems: D. Ucnski
Interaction between Experiment, Modeling and Simulation of Spatial Aspects in the JAK2/STAT5 Signaling Pathway: E. Friedmann, A. C. Pfeifer, R. Neumann, U. Klingmller , R. Rannacher
The Importan
ISBN:9783642303678
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences, 2191-303X : v4
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Differential equations, partial , Computer science , Numerical analysis , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319009001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nouamane Laanait
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces presents an investigation that combines experiments, theory, and computer simulations to demonstrate that the interdependency between ion correlations and other ioninteractions in solution can ex plain the distribution of ions near an electrified liquid/liquid interface. The properties of this interface are exploited to vary the coupling strength of ion-ion correlations from weak to strong whilemonitoring their influence on ion distributions at th e nanometer scale with X-ray reflectivity and on the macroscopic scale with interfacial tension measurements. This thesis demonstrates that a parameter-free density functional theorythat includes ion-ion correlations and ion-solvent interactions is in agr eement with the data over the entire range of experimentally tunable correlation coupling strengths. The reported findings represent a significant advance towardsunderstanding the nature and role of ion correlations in charged soft-matter. Ion distributio ns underlie many scientific phenomena and technological applications, including electrostatic interactions between charged biomolecules andthe efficiency of energy storage devices. These distributions are determined by interactions dictated by the chemica l properties of the ions and their environment, as well as the long-range nature of the electrostatic force. Thepresence of strong correlations between ions is responsible for counterintuitive effects such as like-charge attraction
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Poisson
Boltzmann Equation
Electrochemical Methods
X
Ray Reflectivity Studies of Ion Condensation at the Electrified Liquid/Liquid Interface
Sterically Modified Poisson
Boltzmann Equation
Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Solvent Correlations
The Role of Electrostatic Ion Correlations in Ion Condensation
ISBN:9783319009001
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476870:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Brownian Dynamics at Boundaries and Interfaces [electronic resource] : In Physics, Chemistry, and Biology
Author(s): Zeev Schuss
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Brownian dynamics serve as mathematical models for the diffusive motion of microscopic particles of various shapes in gaseous, liquid, or solid environments. The renewed interest in Brownian dynamics is due primarily to their keyrole in molecular and cellular biophysics: diffusion of ions and molecules is the driver of all life. Brownian dynamics simulations are the numerical realizations of stochastic differential equations that model the functions ofbiological micro devices such as protein ionic ch annels of biological membranes, cardiac myocytes, neuronal synapses, and many more. Stochastic differential equations are ubiquitous models in computational physics, chemistry,biophysics, computer science, communications theory, mathematical finance theor y, and many other disciplines. Brownian dynamics simulations of the random motion of particles, be it molecules or stock prices, give rise to mathematicalproblems that neither the kinetic theory of Maxwell and Boltzmann, nor Einsteins and Langevins theori es of Brownian motion could predict. This book takes the readers on a journey that starts with the rigorous definition ofmathematical Brownian motion, and ends with the explicit solution of a series of complex problems that have immediate applications. It is aimed at applied mathematicians, physicists, theoretical chemists, and physiologists who areinterested in modeling, analysis, and simulation of micro devices of microbiology. The book contains exercises and worked out examples throughout
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Mathematical Brownian Motion
Euler Simulation of Ito SDEs
Simulation of the Overdamped Langevin Equation
The First Passage Time of a Diffusion Process
Chemical Reaction in Microdomains
The Stochastic Separatrix
Narrow Escape in R2
Narrow Escape in R3
ISBN:9781461476870
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Applied Mathematical Sciences, 0066-5452 : v186
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847024908:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Modeling Biological Cellular Control Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Weijiu Liu
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This textbook contains the essential knowledge in modeling, simulation, analysis, and applications in dealing with biological cellular control systems. In particular, the book shows how to use the law of mass balance and the lawof mass action to deri ve an enzyme kinetic model - the Michaelis-Menten function or the Hill function, how to use a current-voltage relation, Nernst potential equilibrium equation, and Hodgkin and Huxley's models to model an ionicchannel or pump, and how to use the law of mass balance to integrate these enzyme or channel models into a complete feedback control system. The book also illustrates how to use data to estimate parameters in a model, how to use MATLABto solve a model numerically, how to do computer simulations, and h ow to provide model predictions. Furthermore, the book demonstrates how to conduct a stability and sensitivity analysis on a model
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Enzyme Kinetics
Preliminary Systems Theory
Control of Blood Glucose
Control of Calcium in Yeast Cells
Kinetics of Ion Pumps and Channels
Store
Operated Calcium Entry
Control of Mitochondrial Calcium
Control of Phosphoinositide Synthesis
PreliminaryMATLAB
ISBN:9788847024908
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:MS&A, 2037-5255
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry Mathematics , Biological models , Cytology , Differential Equations , Systems theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642300233:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Advances in Algorithmic Differentiation [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shaun Forth
Paul Hovland
Eric Phipps
Jean Utke
Andrea Walther
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The proceedings represent the state of knowledge in the area of algorithmic differentiation (AD). The 31 contributed papers presented at the AD2012 conference cover the application of AD to many areas in science and engineeringas well as aspects of A D theory and its implementation in tools. For all papers the referees, selected from the program committee and the greater community, as well as the editors have emphasized accessibility of the presented ideasalso to non-AD experts. In the AD tools arena new implementations are introduced covering, for example, Java and graphical modeling environments or join the set of existing tools for Fortran. New developments in AD algorithms targetthe efficiency of matrix-operation derivatives, detection and exploit ation of sparsity, partial separability, the treatment of nonsmooth functions, and other high-level mathematical aspects of the numerical computations to bedifferentiated. Applications stem from the Earth sciences, nuclear engineering, fluid dynamics, and chemistry, to name just a few. In many cases the applications in a given area of science or engineering share characteristics thatrequire specific approaches to enable AD capabilities or provide an opportunity for efficiency gains in the derivative compu tation. The description of these characteristics and of the techniques for successfully using AD should makethe proceedings a valuable source of information for users of AD tools
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642300233
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v87
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Electronic data processing , Computer science Mathematics , Computer software , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642222443:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing on Vector Systems 2011 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Resch
Xin Wang
Wolfgang Bez
Erich Focht
Hiroaki Kobayashi
Sabine Roller
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book presents the state of the art in high performance computing and simulation on modern supercomputer architectures. It covers trends in hardware and software development in general and specifically the future ofvector-based systems and heterog eneous architectures. The application contributions cover computational fluid dynamics, material science, medical applications and climate research. Innovative fields like coupled multi-physics ormulti-scale simulations are presented. All papers were chos en from presentations given at the 13th Teraflop Workshop held in October 2010 at Tohoku University, Japan
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642222443
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441995698:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fixed-Point Algorithms for Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering [electronic resource]
Author(s): Heinz H Bauschke
Regina S Burachik
Patrick L Combettes
Veit Elser
D. Russell Luke
Henry Wolkowicz
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Fixed-Point Algorithms for Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering presents some of the most recent work from leading researchers in variational and numerical analysis. The contributions in this collection providestate-of-the-art theory and prac tice in first-order fixed-point algorithms, identify emerging problems driven by applications, and discuss new approaches for solving these problems. This book is a compendium of topics explored atthe Banff International Research Station Interdisciplinar y Workshop on Fixed-Point Algorithms for Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering in November of 2009. The workshop included a broad range of research includingvariational analysis, numerical linear algebra, biotechnology, materials science, computatio nal solid-state physics, and chemistry. Key topics and features of this book include: Theory of Fixed-point algorithms:variational analysis, convex analysis, convex and nonconvex optimization, subdifferential calculus, nonsmooth analysis, proximal point methods, projection methods, resolvent and related fixed-point theoretic methods, and monotoneoperator theory Numerical analysis of fixed-point algorithms: choice of step lengths, of weights, of blocks for block-iterative and parallel methods, and of re laxation parameters regularization of ill-posedproblems numerical comparison of various methods Applications: Image and signal processing, antenna optimization, location problems The wide scope of applications presented in this volume easily serve as ab asis for new and innovative research and collaboration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441995698
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 1931-6828 : v49
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer software , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780817647896:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structural Analysis of Complex Networks [electronic resource]
Author(s): Matthias Dehmer
Date:2011
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Because of the increasing complexity and growth of real-world networks, their analysis by using classical graph-theoretic methods is oftentimes a difficult procedure. As a result, there is a strong need to combine graph-theoreticmethods with mathemat ical techniques from other scientific disciplines, such as machine learning and information theory, in order to analyze complex networks more adequately. Filling a gap in literature, this self-contained bookpresents theoretical and application-oriented re sults to structurally explore complex networks. The work focuses not only on classical graph-theoretic methods, but also demonstrates the usefulness of structural graph theory as a toolfor solving interdisciplinary problems. Special emphasis is given to m ethods related to the following areas: * Applications to biology, chemistry, linguistics, and data analysis * Graph colorings * Graph polynomials * Informationmeasures for graphs * Metrical properties of graphs * Partitions and decompositions * Quantitati ve graph measures Structural Analysis of Complex Networks is suitable for a broad, interdisciplinary readership of researchers,practitioners, and graduate students in discrete mathematics, statistics, computer science, machine learning, artificial intelli gence, computational and systems biology, cognitive science, computational linguistics, and mathematicalchemistry. The book may be used as a supplementary textbook in graduate-level seminars on structural graph analysis, complex networks, or network-based machine learning methods
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
A Brief Introduction to Complex Networks and Their Analysis
Partitions of Graphs
Distance in Graphs
Domination in Graphs
Spectrum and Entropy for Infinite Directed Graphs
Application of Infinite Labeled Graphs to Symbolic Dynamical Systems
Decompositions and Factorizations of Complete Graphs
Geodetic Sets in Graphs
Graph Polynomials and Their Applications I: The Tutte Polynomial
Graph Polynomials and Their Applications II: Interrelations and Interpretations
Reconstruction Problems for Graphs, Krawtchouk Polynomials, and Diophantine Equations
Subgraph
ISBN:9780817647896
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer Communication Networks , Computational complexity , Data mining , Bioinformatics , Combinatorics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048125203:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mechanics and Physics of Precise Vacuum Mechanisms [electronic resource]
Author(s): E. A Deulin
V. P Mikhailov
Yu V Panfilov
R. A Nevshupa
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In this book the Russian expertise in the field of the design of precise vacuum mechanics is summarized. A wide range of physical applications of mechanism design in electronic, optical-electronic, chemical, and aerospaceindustries is presented in a comprehensible way. Topics treated include the method of microparticles flow regulation and its determination in vacuum equipment and mechanisms of electronics precise mechanisms of nanoscale precisionbased on magnetic and electric rheology precise harmon ic rotary and not-coaxial nut-screw linear motion vacuum feedthroughs with technical parameters considered the best in the world elastically deformed vacuum motion feedthroughswithout friction couples usage the computer system of vacuum mechanisms failure predicting. This English edition incorporates a number of features which should improve its usefulness as a textbook without changing the basicorganization or the general philosophy of presentation of the subject matter of the original Russian work. Expe rience at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University and other schools shows that the book will be useful to engineeringstudents who wish to prepare for more advanced studies and applications of vacuum science, technology and its applications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Using Precise Mechanisms in Modern Vacuum Technological Equipment
Typical Vacuum Mechanisms
Friction in Vacuum
Matrix Method of the Design of New Mechanisms Structure
Precision of Vacuum Mechanisms
Vacuum Mechanisms of Nanoscale Precision
Ultrahigh Vacuum Rotary
Motion Feedthroughs
Ultrahigh Vacuum Non
Coaxial Linear
Motion Feedthroughs
Vacuum Frictionless Mechanisms Based on the Principle of Controlled Elastic Deformation
Flow of Microparticles Originating from Mechanisms in Vacuum
ISBN:9789048125203
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications, 0926-5112 : v91
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Vibration , Engineering design , Chemistry, inorganic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642138720:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2009 [electronic resource] : Transactions of the Fourth Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Review and Results Workshop, Dec. 8-9, 2009, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre,Garching/Munich, Germany / edited by Siegfried Wagner, Matthias Steinmetz, Arndt Bode, Markus Michael Mller
Author(s): Siegfried Wagner
Matthias Steinmetz
Arndt Bode
Markus Michael Mller
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book presents selected project results obtained at the current High-Performance Computer in Bavaria (HLRB II). The research areas covered include Computer Sciences, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Astrophysics, High-EnergyPhysics, Geo Sciences, Co ndensed Matter Physics, Chemistry, and Bio Sciences. Thus, the book provides an overview of the broad range of applications requiring high-performance computers to solve challenging numerical problems. Eachproject description includes information on the r espective scientific background, results achieved and methods used. The book also offers insights into the performance, scalability, and latest enhancements of the applicationsemployed
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642138720
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Computer science Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642124303:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alfio Quarteroni
Fausto Saleri
Paola Gervasio
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This textbook is an introduction to Scientific Computing, in which several numerical methods for the computer-based solution of certain classes of mathematical problems are illustrated. The authors show how to compute the zeros orthe integrals of con tinuous functions, solve linear systems, approximate functions using polynomials and construct accurate approximations for the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. To make the format concrete andappealing, the programming environments Matlab and Octave are adopted as faithful companions. The book contains the solutions to several problems posed in exercises and examples, often originating from important applications. At theend of each chapter, a specific section is devoted to subjects which were not addressed in the book and contains bibliographical references for a more comprehensive treatment of the material
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. What can' t be ignored
2. Nonlinear equations
3. Approximation of functions and data
4. Numerical differentiation and integration
5. Linear systems
6. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors
7. Ordinary differential equations
8. Numerical approximation of boundary
value problems
9. Solutions of the exercises
References
Index
ISBN:9783642124303
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Texts in Computational Science and Engineering, 1611-0994 : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Visualization , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642105920:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Complex Plasmas [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Bonitz
Norman Horing
Patrick Ludwig
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Complex plasmas differ from traditional plasmas in many ways: these are low-temperature high pressure systems containing nanometer to micrometer size particles which may be highly charged and strongly interacting. The particlesmay be chemically react ing or be in contact with solid surfaces, and the electrons may show quantum behaviour. These interesting properties have led to many applications of complex plasmas in technology, medicine and science. Yetcomplex plasmas are extremely complicated, both e xperimentally and theoretically, and require a variety of new approaches which go beyond standard plasma physics courses. This book fills this gap presenting an introduction to theory,experiment and computer simulation in this field. Based on tutorial lec tures at a very successful recent Summer Institute, the presentation is ideally suited for graduate students, plasma physicists and experienced undergraduates
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Complex Plasmas
Classical and Quantum Plasmas
Principles of Transport in Multicomponent Plasmas
to Quantum Plasmas
to Quantum Plasma Simulations
Quantum Effects in Plasma Dielectric Response: Plasmons and Shielding in Normal Systems and Graphene
Strongly Coupled and Dusty Plasmas
Imaging Diagnostics in Dusty Plasmas
Structure and Dynamics of Finite Dust Clusters
Statistical Theory of Spherically Confined Dust Crystals
PICMCC Simulations of Capacitive High
Frequency Discharge Dynamics with Nanoparticles
Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Strongly Correlated Dus
ISBN:9783642105920
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v59
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642017773:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symplectic Geometric Algorithms for Hamiltonian Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kang Feng
Mengzhao Qin
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Symplectic Geometric Algorithms for Hamiltonian Systems will be useful not only for numerical analysts, but also for those in theoretical physics, computational chemistry, celestial mechanics, etc. The book generalizes anddevelops the generating func tion and Hamilton-Jacobi equation theory from the perspective of the symplectic geometry and symplectic algebra. It will be a useful resource for engineers and scientists in the fields of quantum theory,astrophysics, atomic and molecular dynamics, climate prediction, oil exploration, etc. Therefore a systematic research and development of numerical methodology for Hamiltonian systems is well motivated. Were it successful, it wouldimply wide-ranging applications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preliminaries of Differential Manifolds
Symplectic Algebra and Geometry Preliminaries
Hamiltonian Mechanics and Symplectic Geometry
Symplectic Difference Schemes for Hamiltonian Systems
The Generating Function Method
The Calculus of Generating Function and Formal Energy
Symplectic Runge
Kutta Methods
Composition Scheme
Formal Power Series and B
Series
Volume
Preserving Methods for Source
Free Systems
Free Systems
Contact Algorithms for Contact Dynamic Systems
Poisson Bracket and Lie
Poisson Schemes
KAM Theorem of Symplectic Algorithms
Lee
Variational I
ISBN:9783642017773
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science Mathematics , Geometry , Algebraic topology , Quantum theory , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540888574:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiscale Modeling and Simulation in Science [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bjrn Engquist
Per Ltstedt
Olof Runborg
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book contains lecture notes of current development in multiscale modeling, computations and applications. It covers fundamental mathematical theory, numerical algorithms as well as practical computational advice for analysingsingle and multiphys ics models containing a variety of scales in time and space. Complex fluids, porous media flow and oscillatory dynamical systems are treated in some extra depth, as well as tools like analytical and numericalhomogenization, fast multipole methods and wave lets. The text includes well designed exercises and project reports on different applications such as astrophysics, computational chemistry, porous media flow and climate change
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540888574
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v66
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science , Thermodynamics , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402099274:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polygons, Polyominoes and Polycubes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Anthony J Guttman
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This unique book gives a comprehensive account of new mathematical tools used to solve polygon problems. In the 20th and 21st centuries, many problems in mathematics, theoretical physics and theoretical chemistry and morerecently in molecular biolog y and bio-informatics can be expressed as counting problems, in which specified graphs, or shapes, are counted. One very special class of shapes is that of polygons. These are closed, connected paths inspace. We usually sketch them in two-dimensions, but they can exist in any dimension. The typical questions asked include how many are there of a given perimeter?, how big is the average polygon of given perimeter?, andcorresponding questions about the area or volume enclosed. That is to say how many enclo sing a given area? and how large is an average polygon of given area? Simple though these questions are to pose, they are extraordinarilydifficult to answer. They are important questions because of the application of polygon, and the related problems of p olyomino and polycube counting, to phenomena occurring in the natural world, and also because the study of theseproblems has been responsible for the development of powerful new techniques in mathematics and mathematical physics, as well as in computer sc ience. These new techniques then find application more broadly. The book brings togetherchapters from many of the major contributors in the field. An introductory chapter giving the history of the problem is followed by fourteen further chapters describin g particular aspects of the problem, and applications to biology, tosurface phenomena and to computer enumeration methods
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402099274
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v775
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry Mathematics , Electronic data processing , Algorithms , Combinatorics , Mathematical physics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402092534:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jim Byrnes
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The detection and neutralization of unexploded ordnance (UXO) has been of major concern for very many decades at least since the First World War. UXO continues to be the subject of intensive research in many fields of science.While today's headlines emphasize the mayhem resulting from the placement of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), humanitarian landmine clearing continues to draw significant global attention as well. In many countries of the world,landmines threaten the population and hinder re construction and fast, efficient utilization of large areas of the mined land in the aftermath of military conflicts. The reports in this volume, written by world leaders from academia,Government and industry, describe how basic ideas from mathematics, ra dar, sonar and chemistry can be combined with ongoing improvements in hardware and computation, as well as very new advances in multisensor data fusion, to yield thepromise of more sophisticated and accurate UXO detection and identification capabilities t han currently exist
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Wavelet Decomposition of Measures: Application to Multifractal Analysis of Images
Knowledge Based Diversity Processing
Volatile Compounds Detection by IR Acousto
optic Detectors
Ground Penetrating Radar for Buried Landmine and IED Detection
Overview of Statistical Tests for Unexploded Ordnance Detection
Low Frequency Radar for Buried Target Detection
UXO Signal Multi Sensor Detection and Estimation
Advanced Multifunctional Sensor Systems
Some Aspects of Environmental Interactions Related to UXO
Applications of Luminescence to Fingerprints and Trace Explosives Detection
ISBN:9781402092534
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Analytical biochemistry , Remote sensing , Optical pattern recognition , Computer science , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540772033:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics Key Technology for the Future [electronic resource] : Joint Projects Between Universities and Industry 20042007
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Krebs
Willi Jger
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is about the results of a number of projects funded by the BMBF in the initiative Mathematics for Innovations in Industry and Services. It shows that a broad spectrum of analytical and numerical mathematicalmethods and programming technique s are used to solve a lot of different specific industrial or services problems. The main focus is on the fact that the mathematics used is not usually standard mathematics or black box mathematics butis specifically developed for specific industrial or s ervices problems. Mathematics is more than a tool box or an ancilarry science for other scientific disciplines or users. Through this book the reader will gain insight into thedetails of mathematical modeling and numerical simulation for a lot of industri al applications
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540772033
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry Mathematics , Computer vision , Computer science , Visualization , Statistics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540757122:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hyperbolic Problems: Theory, Numerics, Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage
Denis Serre
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume contains papers that were presented at HYP2006, the eleventh international Conference on Hyperbolic Problems: Theory, Numerics and Applications held at the Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon, France, July 17-21, 2006.This biennial series of conferences has become one of the most important international events in Applied Mathematics. As computers became more and more powerful, the interplay between theory, modelling, and numerical algorithms gainedconsiderable impact, and the scope of HYP con ferences expanded accordingly. The field is currently in interaction with a variety of scientific domains, including fluid dynamics, physics, electromagnetism, chemistry, biology, road andnetwork traffic, and engineering. Many of these papers present new effective numerical methods and their application in various contexts
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540757122
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Computer science Mathematics , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540747390:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering `07 [electronic resource] : Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2007
Author(s): Wolfgang E Nagel
Dietmar Krner
Michael Resch
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers. Leading researchers present results achieved on systems of the Stuttgart High Performance Computing Center (HLRS) for the year 2007. The reports cover allfields of computational science and engineering, ranging from CFD and computational physics and chemistry to computer science, with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting results for both vector-based andmicroprocessor-based systems, the book makes it possible to compare the performance levels and usability of various architectures. As the HLRS operates the largest NEC SX-8 vector system in the world, this book gives an excellentinsight into the potential of such systems. The book further covers th e main methods in high performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving the highest performance for production codes are of particular interest for bothscientists and engineers. The book comes with a wealth of coloured illustrations and tables
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540747390
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540737506:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principal Manifolds for Data Visualization and Dimension Reduction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander N Gorban
Balzs Kgl
Donald C Wunsch
Andrei Y Zinovyev
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In 1901, Karl Pearson invented Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Since then, PCA serves as a prototype for many other tools of data analysis, visualization and dimension reduction: Independent Component Analysis (ICA),Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) , Nonlinear PCA (NLPCA), Self Organizing Maps (SOM), etc. The book starts with the quote of the classical Pearson definition of PCA and includes reviews of various methods: NLPCA, ICA, MDS, embedding andclustering algorithms, principal manifolds and SOM. New approaches to NLPCA, principal manifolds, branching principal components and topology preserving mappings are described as well. Presentation of algorithms is supplemented by casestudies, from engineering to astronomy, but mostly of biological data: a nalysis of microarray and metabolite data. The volume ends with a tutorial PCA and K-means decipher genome. The book is meant to be useful for practitioners inapplied data analysis in life sciences, engineering, physics and chemistry it will also be valua ble to PhD students and researchers in computer sciences, applied mathematics and statistics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Developments and Applications of Nonlinear Principal Component Analysis a Review
Nonlinear Principal Component Analysis: Neural Network Models and Applications
Learning Nonlinear Principal Manifolds by Self
Organising Maps
Elastic Maps and Nets for Approximating Principal Manifolds and Their Application to Microarray Data Visualization
Topology
Preserving Mappings for Data Visualisation
The Iterative Extraction Approach to Clustering
Representing Complex Data Using Localized Principal Components with Application to Astronomical Data
Auto
Associative Models, Nonlinear P
ISBN:9783540737506
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Enginee, 1439-7358 : v58
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Mathematical physics , Mathematical statistics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402063381:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetic Nanostructures in Modern Technology [electronic resource] : Spintronics, Magnetic MEMS and Recording
Author(s): Bruno Azzerboni
Giovanni Asti
Luigi Pareti
Massimo Ghidini
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:A team of outstanding scientists in the field of modern magnetic nanotechnologies illustrates the state of the art in several areas of advanced magneto-electronic devices, magnetic micro-electromechanical systems and high densityinformation storage t echnologies. The physics and chemistry of nano-scale systems have made rapid advances and there are real prospects of translating exciting scientific findings into a new generation of processes and high technologyproducts with a potential impact on severa l industrial sectors. In particular the development of nano-structured magnetic materials plays a leading role in the increasing miniaturization of devices with superior performances. Theapplication areas considered are: i) magneto-electronics, where the control of electron spins in magnetic hetero-structures offers new and improved functionalities in devices of integrated digital electronics. Magnetic randomaccess memories, MRAM are among the principal applications for new non-volatile RAM with fast dyna mics, toward the pico-, femto-second range. ii) magnetic MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems), which are the integration ofmechanical and electro/ferromagnetic elements (micro-actuators and sensors) with conventional electronics MEMS, promise a revolut ion in several product categories. In fact the proposed integration enables the development of smartproducts, where sensors can gather information from the environment by measuring thermal, magnetic, electric, mechanical, biological chemical, optical char acteristics and the electronic section processes the information and theactuator promotes the action realizing a complete control of the environment. iii) Magnetic recording is a leading technology in the information storage domain and the most relevant a pplication in the field of magnetics, showingsurprising continuous progress over several decades towards the limit of terabit per square inch of areal density.>
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Spin
Polarized Current and Spin
Transfer Torque in Magnetic Multilayers
Spin
Transfer
Driven Magnetization Dynamics
Micromagnetic Modeling of Magnetization Dynamics Driven by Spin
Polarized Current: Basics of Numerical Modeling, Analysis of Confined Systems
Micromagnetic Modeling of Magnetization Dynamics Driven by Spin
Polarized Current: Analysis of Nonconfined Systems
Micromagnetic Modelling of Magnetization Dynamics Driven by Spin
Polarized Current: Stability Diagrams and Role of the Non
Standard Effective Field Contributions
Magnetic Rings: A Playground to Study Geometricall
ISBN:9781402063381
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Memory management (Computer science) , Condensed matter , Magnetism , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387734705:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetry Theory in Molecular Physics with Mathematica [electronic resource] : A new kind of tutorial book
Author(s): William McClain
Date:2008
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Prof. McClain has indeed produced a new kind of tutorial book. It is written using the logic engine Mathematica, which permits concrete exploration and development of every concept involved in Symmetry Theory. The book may beread in your hand, or on a computer screen with Mathematica running behind it. It is intended for students of chemistry and molecular physics who need to know mathematical group theory and its applications, either for their ownresearch or for understanding the language and concep ts of their field. The book has three major parts: Part I begins with the most elementary symmetry concepts, showing how to express them in terms of matrices and permutations. Theseare then combined into mathematical groups. Many chemically important poin t groups are constructed and kept in a Mathematica package for easy reference. No other book gives such easy access to the groups themselves. The automated groupconstruction machinery allows you to tabulate new groups that may be needed in research, such as permutation groups that describe flexible molecules. In Part II, mathematical group theory is presented with motivating questions andexperiments coming first, and theorems that answer those questions coming second. You learn to make representations of groups based on any set of symmetric objects, and then to make Mathematica operators that carry out rep constructionas a single call. Automated construction of representations is offered by no other book. Part II follows a reconstructed trail of questions , clues and solid results that led Issai Schur to a complete proof of the Great Orthogonality.In Part III, the projection operators that flow from the Great Orthogonality are automated and applied to chemical and spectroscopic problems, which are now seen to fall within a unified intellectual framework. The topics includechemical bonding in symmetric molecules, molecular vibrations and rigorous reasoning about quantum mechanical matrix elements. As a
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A tutorial on notebooks
A basic tutorial
The meaning of symmetry
Axioms of group theory
Several kinds of groups
The fundamental theorem
The multiplication table
Molecules
The point groups
Euler rotation matrices
Lies axis
angle rotations
Recognizing matrices
to the character table
The operator MakeGroup
Product groups
Naming the point groups
Tabulated representations of groups
Visualizing groups
Subgroups
Lagranges Theorem
Classes
Symmetry and quantum mechanics
Transformation of functions
Matrix representations of group
ISBN:9780387734705
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemistry , Group theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540680956:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical Simulation in Molecular Dynamics [electronic resource] : Numerics, Algorithms, Parallelization, Applications
Author(s): Michael Griebel
Gerhard Zumbusch
Stephan Knapek
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Particle models play an important role in many applications in physics, chemistry and biology. They can be studied on the computer with the help of molecular dynamics simulations. This book presents in detail both the necessarynumerical methods and t echniques (linked-cell method, SPME-method, tree codes, multipole technique) and the theoretical background and foundations. It illustrates the aspects modelling, discretization, algorithms and their parallelimplementation with MPI on computer systems wit h distributed memory. Furthermore, detailed explanations are given to the different steps of numerical simulation, and code examples are provided. With the description of the algorithmsand the presentation of the results of various simulations from the ar eas material science, nanotechnology, biochemistry and astrophysics, the reader of this book will be able to write his own programs for molecular dynamics step bystep and to run successful experiments
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540680956
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Texts in Computational Science and Engineering, 1611-0994 : v5
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry Mathematics , Computer science , Numerical analysis , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540361831:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering 06 [electronic resource] : Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) 2006
Author(s): Wolfgang E Nagel
Willi Jger
Michael Resch
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers. Leading researchers present results achieved on systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2006. The reports cover allfields of computational science and engineering ranging from CFD via computational physics and chemistry to computer science with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting results for both vector-systems andmicro-processor based systems the book allow s to compare performance levels and usability of various architectures. As HLRS operates the largest NEC SX-8 vector system in the world this book gives an excellent insight into thepotential of vector systems. The book covers the main methods in high per formance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving highest performance for production codes are of particular interest for both the scientist and theengineer. The book comes with a wealth of coloured illustrations and tables of results
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540361831
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780817645809:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Beginners Guide to Graph Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): W. D Wallis
Date:2007
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Graph theory continues to be one of the fastest growing areas of modern mathematics because of its wide applicability in such diverse disciplines as computer science, engineering, chemistry, management science, social science,and resource planning. G raphs arise as mathematical models in these fields, and the theory of graphs provides a spectrum of methods of proof. This concisely written textbook is intended for an introductory course in graph theory forundergraduate mathematics majors or advanced un dergraduate and graduate students from the many fields that benefit from graph-theoretic applications. Key features: * Introductory chapters present the main ideas and topics in graphtheorywalks, paths and cycles, radius, diameter, eccentricity, cuts and connectivity, trees * Subsequent chapters examine specialized topics and applications * Numerous examples and illustrations * Comprehensive index andbibliography, with suggested literature for more advanced material New to the second edition: * New chapte rs on labeling and on communications networks and small-worlds * Expanded beginners material in the early chapters, includingmore examples, exercises, hints and solutions to key problems * Many additional changes, improvements, and corrections throughout resulting from classroom use and feedback Striking a balance between a theoretical and practical approachwith a distinctly applied flavor, this gentle introduction to graph theory consists of carefully chosen topics to develop graph-theoretic reasoning fo r a mixed audience. Familiarity with the basic concepts of set theory, along withsome background in matrices and algebra, and a little mathematical maturity are the only prerequisites. ----- From a review of the first edition: Altogether the book gives a comprehensive introduction to graphs, their theory andtheir applicationThe use of the text is optimized when the exercises are solved. The obtained skills improve understanding of graph theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Graphs
Walks, Paths and Cycles
Connectivity
Trees
Linear Spaces Associated with Graphs
Factorizations
Graph Colorings
Planarity
Labeling
Ramsey Theory
Digraphs
Critical Paths
Flows in Networks
Computational Considerations
Communications Networks and Small
Worlds
ISBN:9780817645809
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algebra , Matrix theory , Combinatorics , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780817645601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Linear Partial Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Tyn Myint-U
Lokenath Debnath
Date:2007
Edition:Fourth Edition
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One of the most fundamental and active areas in mathematics, the theory of partial differential equations (PDEs) is essential in the modeling of natural phenomena. PDEs have a wide range of interesting and important applicationsin every branch of app lied mathematics, physics, and engineering, including fluid dynamics, elasticity, and optics. This significantly expanded fourth edition is designed as an introduction to the theory and applications of linearPDEs. The authors provide fundamental concepts, underlying principles, a wide range of applications, and various methods of solutions to PDEs. In addition to essential standard material on the subject, the book contains new materialthat is not usually covered in similar texts and reference books, incl uding conservation laws, the spherical wave equation, the cylindrical wave equation, higher-dimensional boundary-value problems, the finite element method,fractional partial differential equations, and nonlinear partial differential equations with applica tions. Key features include: * Applications to a wide variety of physical problems in numerous interdisciplinary areas * Over 900worked examples and exercises dealing with problems in fluid mechanics, gas dynamics, optics, plasma physics, elasticity, biol ogy, and chemistry * Historical comments on partial differential equations * Solutions and hints to selectedexercises * A comprehensive bibliographycomprised of many standard texts and reference books, as well as a set of selected classic and recent paper sfor readers interested in learning more about the modern treatment of the subjectLinear Partial Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers, Fourth Edition will primarily serve as a textbook for the first two courses in PDEs, or in a course on ad vanced engineering mathematics. The book may also be used as areference for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in modern applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface to the Fourth Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Introduction
First
Order, Quasi
Linear Equations and Method of Characteristics
Mathematical Models
Classification of Second
Order Linear Equations
The Cauchy Problem and Wave Equations
Fourier Series and Integrals with Applications
Method of Separation of Variables
Eigenvalue Problems and Special Functions
Boundary
Value Problems and Applications
Higher
Dimensional Boundary
Value Problems
Green's Functions and Boundary
Value Problems
Integral Transform Methods with Applications
Nonlinear Partia
ISBN:9780817645601
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Computer science , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387692456:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Problems from Applied Logic II [electronic resource] : Logics for the XXIst Century
Author(s): Dov M Gabbay
Michael Zakharyaschev
Sergei S Goncharov
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Mathematical Problems from Applied Logic II presents chapters from selected, world renowned, logicians. Important topics of logic are discussed from the point of view of their further development in light of requirements arisingfrom their successful application in areas such as Computer Science and AI language. Fields covered include: logic of provability, applications of computability theory to biology, psychology, physics, chemistry, economics, and otherbasic sciences computability theory and compu table models logic and space-time geometry hybrid systems logic and region-based theory of space. Contributors include: Sergei Artemov, USA John Case, USA Sergei Goncharov, Russia,Judit X. Madarsz, Istvn Nmeti, and Gergely, Szkely, Hungary, Anil Nerode, U SA and Dimiter Vakarelov, Bulgaria
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:On Two Models of Provability: Provability Logic, Logic of Proofs
Directions for Computability Theory Beyond Pure Mathematical: Motivations, Directions, Progress So Far And How One Might Go From Here
Computability and Computable Models: Preliminaries, Bounds for Computable Models, Structure Complexity of Computable Models, Isomorphism Problem, Classes of Computable Models and Index Sets
First
order Logic Foundation of Relativity Theories: Introduction (Logic and Spacetime Geometry), More Concrete Introduction (Foundation of Spacetime), Intriguing Features of GR Spacetimes (Challenges f
ISBN:9780387692456
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Mathematical Series, 1571-5485 : v5
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387491592:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Scientific Computing [electronic resource] Twelve Computational Projects Solved with MATLAB
Author(s): Ionut Danaila
Pascal Joly
Sidi Mahmoud Kaber
Marie Postel
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides twelve computational projects aimed at numerically solving problems from a broad range of applications including Fluid Mechanics, Chemistry, Elasticity, Thermal Science, Computer Aided Design, Signal and ImageProcessing. For each p roject the reader is guided through the typical steps of scientific computing from physical and mathematical description of the problem, to numerical formulation and programming and finally to critical discussionof numerical results. Considerable emphasis is placed on practical issues of computational methods. The last section of each project contains the solutions to all proposed exercises and guides the reader in using the MATLAB scripts.The mathematical framework provides a basic foundation in the subj ect of numerical analysis of partial differential equations and main discretization techniques, such as finite differences, finite elements, spectral methods andwavelets). The book is primarily intended as a graduate-level text in applied mathematics, but it may also be used by students in engineering or physical sciences. It will also be a useful reference for researchers and practicingengineers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Numerical Approximation of Model Partial Differential Equations
Nonlinear Differential Equations: Application to Chemical Kinetics
Polynomial Approximation
Solving an Advection
Diffusion Equation by A Finite Element Method
Solving A Differential Equation by A Spectral Method
Signal Processing: Multiresolution Analysis
Elasticity: Elastic Deformation of A Thin Plate
Domain Decomposition Using A Schwarz Method
Geometrical Design: Bezier Curves and Surfaces
Gas Dynamics: Riemann Problem and Discontinuous Solutions: Application to The Shock Tube Problem
Thermal Engineer
ISBN:9780387491592
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science Mathematics , Numerical analysis , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387350691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Quantum Theory of Atoms and Molecules [electronic resource] : Theory and Computation
Author(s): I. P Grant
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book presents a unified approach to modern relativistic theory of the electronic structure of atoms and molecules which will provide experimental and theoretical scientists and graduate students with a range of powerfulcomputational tools for a growing range of physical, chemical, technological and biochemical applications. Starting from its foundations in quantum electrodynamics, the book contains a careful account of relativistic atomic andmolecular structure based on Dirac's relativistic Hami ltonian, and the numerical algorithms implemented by modern computer programs. The relativistic atomic structure code GRASP, which can compute atomic energy levels, radiativetransition rates and other atomic properties using the multiconfigurational Dirac -Hartree-Fock or relativistic configuration interaction methods, is reviewed along with the relativistic R-matrix code DARC, which is used for the highprecision modelling of the interactions of atoms and ions with photons and electrons. The recently devel oped BERTHA relativistic molecular structure code, the first to exploit fully the symmetry properties of Dirac 4-component spinors,provides a new resource for studying the properties of molecules, atomic clusters and other materials, especially those cont aining heavy elements for which a relativistic model is essential
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Relativity in atomic and molecular physics
Relativity in atomic and molecular physics
Foundations
Relativistic wave equations for free particles
The Dirac Equation
Quantum electrodynamics
Computational atomic and molecular structure
Analysis and approximation of Dirac Hamiltonians
Complex atoms
Computation of atomic structures
Computation of atomic properties
Continuum processes in many
electron atoms
Molecular structure methods
Relativistic calculation of molecular properties
Frequently used formulae and data
Frequently used formulae and data
Su
ISBN:9780387350691
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v40
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Molecular structure
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387304533:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Ablation and its Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Claude Phipps
Date:2007
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Laser ablation describes the interaction of intense optical fields with matter, in which atoms are selectively driven off by thermal or nonthermal mechanisms. The field of laser ablation physics is advancing so rapidly that itsprincipal results are s een only in specialized journals and conferences. This is the first book that combines the most recent results in this rapidly advancing field with authoritative treatment of laser ablation and its applications,including the physics of high-power laser-ma tter interaction. Many practical applications exist, ranging from inertial confinement fusion to propulsion of aerostats for pollution monitoring to laser ignition of hypersonic engines tolaser cleaning nanoscale contaminants in high-volume computer hard drive manufacture to direct observation of the electronic or dissociative states in atoms and molecules, to studying the properties of materials during 200kbar shocksdeveloped in 200fs. Selecting topics which are representative of such a broad field is di fficult. Laser Ablation and its Applications emphasizes the wide range of these topics rather than - as is so often the case in advanced science focusing on one specialty or discipline. The book is divided into four sections: theory and modeling, ultrafas t interactions, material processing and laser-matter interaction in novel regimes. The latter range from MALDI to ICF,SNOMs and femtosecond nanosurgery to laser space propulsion. The book arose from the SPIE series of High Power Laser Ablation Symposia wh ich began in 1998. It is intended for a graduate course in laser interactions with plasmas andmaterials, but it should be accessible to anyone with a graduate degree in physics or engineering. It is also intended as a major reference work to familiarize s cientists just entering the field with laser ablation and itsapplications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basic Physics and Simulations
Numerical Simulation of the Expansion into Vacuum of a Crystal Heated by an Ultrashort Laser Pulse
Fast Electronic Transport and Coulomb Explosion in Materials Irradiated with Ultrashort Laser Pulses
New Methods for Laser Cleaning of Nanoparticles
Plume Dynamics
New Aspects of Laser
Induced Ionization of Wide Band
Gap Solids
Ultrafast Interactions
Three Dimensional Material Processing with Femtosecond Lasers
Ultrafast Optical Measurements of Shocked Materials
Time and Space
Resolved Spectroscopy
Physical Chemistry of Ultrafast Laser I
ISBN:9780387304533
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v129
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Plasma (Ionized gases) , Condensed matter , Laser physics , Electronics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540352846:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computer Simulations in Condensed Matter Systems: From Materials to Chemical Biology Volume 2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mauro Ferrario
Giovanni Ciccotti
Kurt Binder
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This extensive and comprehensive collection of lectures by world-leading experts in the field introduces and reviews all relevant computer simulation methods and their applications in condensed matter systems. Volume 1, publishedas LNP 703 (ISBN 3-54 0-35270-8) is an in-depth introduction to a vast spectrum of computational techniques for statistical mechanical systems of condensed matter. It will enable the graduate student and both the specialist andnonspecialist researcher to get acquainted with th e tools necessary to carry out numerical simulations at an advanced level. The present volume is a state-of-the-art survey on numerical experiments carried out for a great number ofsystems, ranging from materials sciences to chemical biology, such as supe rcooled liquids, spin glasses, colloids, polymers, liquid crystals, biological membranes and folding proteins
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540352846
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v704
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Computer science , Statistical physics , Condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540352730:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computer Simulations in Condensed Matter Systems: From Materials to Chemical Biology Volume 1 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mauro Ferrario
Giovanni Ciccotti
Kurt Binder
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This extensive and comprehensive collection of lectures by world-leading experts in the field introduces and reviews all relevant computer simulation methods and their applications in condensed matter systems. Volume 1 is anin-depth introduction to a vast spectrum of computational techniques for statistical mechanical systems of condensed matter. It will enable the graduate student and both the specialist and nonspecialist researcher to get acquaintedwith the tools necessary to carry out numerical si mulations at an advanced level. Volume 2 published as LNP 704 (ISBN 3-540-35283-X) is a collection of state-of-the-art surveys on numerical experiments carried out for a great number ofsystems, ranging from materials sciences to chemical biology
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540352730
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v703
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Computer science , Statistical physics , Condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540326137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): Alfio Quarteroni
Fausto Saleri
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This textbook is an introduction to Scientific Computing, in which several numerical methods for the computer solution of certain classes of mathematical problems are illustrated. The authors show how to compute the zeros or theintegrals of continuou s functions, solve linear systems, approximate functions by polynomials and construct accurate approximations for the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. To make the presentation concrete andappealing, the programming environments Mat lab and Octave, which is freely distributed, are adopted as faithful companions. The book contains the solutions to several problems posed in exercises and examples, often originating fromspecific applications. A specific section is devoted to subjects wh ich were not addressed in the book and contains the bibliographical references for a more comprehensive treatment of the material. The second edition features many newproblems and examples, as well as more numerical methods for linear and nonlinear system s and ordinary and partial differential equations
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540326137
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Texts in Computational Science and Engineering, 1611-0994 : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Visualization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540290643:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering 05 [electronic resource] : Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) 2005
Author(s): Wolfgang E Nagel
Michael Resch
Willi Jger
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the state-of-the-art in modelling and simulation on supercomputers. Leading German researchers present results achieved on systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2005. Thereports cover all fi elds of computational science and engineering ranging from CFD via computational physics and chemistry to computer science. Special emphasis is given to industrially relevant applications. Presenting results forboth vector-systems and micro-processor base d systems the book allows to compare performance levels and usability of various architectures. In the light of recent discussions about systems like BlueGene versus the Earth-Simulator thisbook may serve as a guide book for further discussion. The book c overs the main methods in high performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving highest performance for production codes are of particular interest for boththe scientist and the engineer. The book comes with a wealth of coloured illustrations a nd tables of results
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540290643
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387368962:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Differential Evolution [electronic resource] : In Search of Solutions
Author(s): Vitaliy Feoktistov
Date:2006
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The human being aspires to the best possible performance. Both individuals and enterprises are looking for optimalin other words, the best possiblesolutions for situations or problems they face. Most of these problems canbe expressed in mathematical terms, and so the methods of optimization undoubtedly render a significant aid. In cases where there are many local optima intricate constraints mixed-type variables or noisy, time-dependent or otherwiseill-defined functions, the usual methods dont give s atisfactory results. Are you seeking fresh ideas or more efficient methods, or do you perhaps want to be well-informed about the latest achievements in optimization? If so, thisbook is for you. This book develops a unified insight on population-based opti mization through Differential Evolution, one of the most recent and efficient optimization algorithms. You will find, in this book, everything concerningDifferential Evolution and its application in its newest formulation. This book will be a valuable sou rce of information for a very large readership, including researchers, students and practitioners. The text may be used in a varietyof optimization courses as well. Features include: Neoteric view of Differential Evolution Unique formula of global optimiz ation The best known metaheuristics through the prism of Differential Evolution Revolutionary ideas inpopulation-based optimization Audience Differential Evolution will be of interest to students, teachers, engineers, and researchers from various fields, including computer science, applied mathematics, optimization and operationsresearch, artificial evolution and evolutionary algorithms, telecommunications, engineering design, bioinformatics and computational chemistry, chemical engineering, mechanical en gineering, electrical engineering, and physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Differential Evolution
Neoteric Differential Evolution
Strategies of Search
Exploration and Exploitation
New Performance Measures
Transversal Differential Evolution
On Analogy with Some Other Algorithms
Energetic Selection Principle
On Hybridization of Differential Evolution
Applications
End Notes
ISBN:9780387368962
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 1931-6828 : v5
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Artificial intelligence , Algorithms , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540266570:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Munich 2004 [electronic resource] : Transactions of the Second Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Status and Result Workshop, March 23, 2004, Technical University of Munich, andLeibniz-Rechenzentrum Munich, Germany / edited by Siegfried Wagner, Werner Hanke, Arndt Bode, Franz Durst
Author(s): Siegfried Wagner
Werner Hanke
Arndt Bode
Franz Durst
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Leading-edge research groups in the field of scientific computing present their outstanding projects using the High Performance Computer in Bavaria (HLRB), Hitachi SR8000-F1, one of the top-level supercomputers for academicresearch in Germany. The pr ojects address modelling and simulation in the disciplines Biosciences, Chemistry, Chemical Physics, Solid-State Physics, High-Energy Physics, Astrophysics, Geophysics, Computational Fluid Dynamics, andComputer Science. The authors describe their scientif ic background, their resource requirements with respect to top-level supercomputers, and their methods for efficient utilization of the costly high-performance computing power.Contributions of interdisciplinary research projects that have been supported b y the Competence Network for Scientific High Performance Computing in Bavaria (KONWIHR) complete the broad range of supercomputer research and applicationscovered by this volume
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Performance and Tools
Performance of Scientific Applications on Modern Supercomputers
A Lightweight Dynamic Application Monitor for SMP Clusters
gridlib A Parallel, Object
oriented Framework for Hierarchical
hybrid Grid Structures in Technical Simulation and Scientific Visualization
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Preface
Fully Three
Dimensional Coupling of Fluid and Thin
Walled Structures
Efficiency of Lattice Boltzmann Codes as Moderate Reynolds Number Turbulence Solvers
Testing of Closure Assumption for Fully Developed Turbulent Channel Flow with the Aid of a Lattic
ISBN:9783540266570
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Electronic data processing , Computer science Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540265894:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering 04 [electronic resource] : Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) 2004
Author(s): Egon Krause
Willi Jger
Michael Resch
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the state-of-the-art in modelling and simulation on supercomputers. Leading German research groups present their results achieved on high-end systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) forthe year 2004. The r eports cover all fields of computational science and engineering ranging from computational fluid dynamics via computational physics and chemistry to computer science. Special emphasis is given to industriallyrelevant applications. Presenting results for both vector-systems and micro-processor based systems the book allows to compare performance levels and usability of a variety of supercomputer architectures. In the light of the success ofthe Japanese Earth-Simulator this book may serve as a guide book f or a US response. The book covers the main methods in high performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving highest performance for production codes are ofparticular interest for both the scientist and the engineer. The book comes with a wealth of coloured illustrations and tables of results
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540265894
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540264446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiscale Methods in Science and Engineering [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bjrn Engquist
Olof Runborg
Per Ltstedt
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Multiscale problems naturally pose severe challenges for computational science and engineering. The smaller scales must be well resolved over the range of the larger scales. Challenging multiscale problems are very common and arefound in e.g. materia ls science, fluid mechanics, electrical and mechanical engineering. Homogenization, subgrid modelling, heterogeneous multiscale methods, multigrid, multipole, and adaptive algorithms are examples of methods totackle these problems. This volume is an overv iew of current mathematical and computational methods for problems with multiple scales with applications in chemistry, physics and engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540264446
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v44
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science , Thermodynamics , Engineering mathematics , Mechanical engineering
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