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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD CONDENSED MATERIALS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/7976.156 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword condensed materials ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783662532270:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Resonant X-Ray Scattering in Correlated Systems
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VII, 241 p. 151 illus., 25 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Resonant X-ray Scattering and Orbital Degree of Freedom in Correlated Electron Systems (S. Ishihara) -- Resonant X-ray scattering in 3d electron systems (H. Nakao) -- Observation of multipole orderings in f-electron systems by
resonant x-ray diffraction (T. Matsumura) -- Hard X-ray Resonant Scattering for Studying Magnetism (T. Arima) -- Resonant soft x-ray scattering studies of transition-metal oxides (H. Wadati) -- Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering in
strongly correlated copper oxides (K. Ishii)
ISBN:9783662532270
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Nanotechnology , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Nanotechnology and Microengineering
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Call number:9783319529981:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics of Light and Matter Photons, Atoms, and Strongly Correlated Systems
Author(s): Luca Salasnich
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XI, 244 p. 9 illus p.)
Contents:1 The Origins of Modern Physics -- 2 Second Quantization of Light -- 3 Electromagnetic Transitions -- 4 The Spin of the Electron -- 5 Energy Splitting and Shift due to External Fields -- 6 Many-Body Systems -- 7 Second Quantization of
Matter -- 8 Functional Integration for the Bosonic Field -- 9 Functional Integration for the Fermionic Field -- Appendix A Dirac Delta Function -- Appendix B Fourier Transform -- Appendix C Laplace Transform -- Bibliography
ISBN:9783319529981
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Quantum physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:9783319495712:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Characterizing Entanglement and Quantum Correlations Constrained by Symmetry
Author(s): Jordi Tura i Brugués
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXV, 237 p. 17 illus., 8 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Background -- PPT Entangled Symmetric States -- Nonlocality in Multipartite Quantum States -- Relating Entanglement and Nonlocality -- Atomic Monogamies of Correlations -- Conclusions and Outlook
ISBN:9783319495712
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Mathematical Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:9783319483023:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanoscale AFM and TEM Observations of Elementary Dislocation Mechanisms
Author(s): Jozef Veselý
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 100 p. 86 illus., 21 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Iron-Rich Iron Aluminides -- Experimental Methods -- Results -- Discussion -- Summary.
ISBN:9783319483023
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Materials science , Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Condensed Matter Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation
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Call number:9783319456126:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Avalanches in Functional Materials and Geophysics
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 298 p. 171 illus., 80 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Statistical mechanics perspective on earthquakes -- Mean-field approach to avalanches -- From labquakes in porous materials to earthquakes -- Rocks and earthquakes -- Modeling avalanches in martensites -- Experiments on pinning in
ferroelastics -- Numerical simulation of avalanches in ferroelastics -- Microstructural length scales and crackling noise -- Avalanches in fracture -- Avalanches in metallic glasses -- Shear banding in amorphous solids -- Yield and
irreversibility in amorphous solids -- Characterization of granular, porous and cellular materials -- Avalanches in fluid imbibition
ISBN:9783319456126
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Condensed matter , Structural materials , Physics , Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Theory , Geophysics/Geodesy , Structural Materials , Condensed Matter Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics
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Call number:9783319445373:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Physics A Prelude and Fugue for Engineers
Author(s): Roberto Piazza
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XV, 453 p. 59 illus p.)
Contents:1 Playing by ear -- 2 The stave and the treble clef -- 3 Easy rhythms and melodies -- 4 Fluid chords -- 5 Scales in crescendo -- 6 Indistinguishable harmonies -- A Mathematical notes -- B Statistical entropy -- C The Boltzmann
equation -- D Brownian motion and diffusion processes
ISBN:9783319445373
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , System theory , Condensed matter , Continuum mechanics , Physics , Complex Systems , Condensed Matter Physics , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials , Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662499276:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Studies of the Electrical, Magnetic and Thermoelectric properties of Topological Insulator Thin Films
Author(s): Jinsong Zhang
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (84 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-49927-6
Contents:Introduction -- Experimental setup and methods -- Band structure engineering in TIs -- Topology-driven magnetic quantum phase transition -- Quantum anomalous Hall effect -- Dichotomy between electrical and thermoelectric properties --
Concluding remarks -- References -- Acknowledgement -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- Publications
ISBN:9783662499276
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319410487:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultracold Atoms for Foundational Tests of Quantum Mechanics
Author(s): Robert J Lewis-Swan
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (14 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-41048-7
Contents:Introduction -- Background I: Physical Systems -- Background II: Phase-space Methods -- Proposal for Demonstrating the Hong-Ou-Mandel Effect with Matter Waves -- Proposal for a Motional-state Bell Inequality Test with Ultracold Atoms
-- Sensitivity to Thermal Noise of Atomic Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement -- An Atomic SU(1,1) Interferometer Via Spin-changing Collisions -- On the Relation of the Particle Number Distribution of Stochastic Wigner Trajectories
and Experimental Realizations -- Conclusion.
ISBN:9783319410487
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Gases and Condensates
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319272337:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interferometry with Interacting Bose-Einstein Condensates in a Double-Well Potential
Author(s): Tarik Berrada
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (67 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27233-7
Contents:Introduction -- Theoretical Framework -- Experimental Setup and Techniques -- A Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Trapped, Interacting Bose-Einstein Condensates -- Outlook: Bosonic Josephson Junctions Beyond the Two-Mode Approximation
ISBN:9783319272337
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Low Temperature Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319258294:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Artificial Gauge Fields with Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices
Author(s): Monika Aidelsburger
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25829-4
Contents:Introduction -- Square Lattice with Magnetic field -- Artificial Gauge Fields with Laser-Assisted Tunneling -- Overview of the Experimental Setup and Measurement Techniques -- Staggered Magnetic Flux -- Harper-Hofstadter Model and
Spin Hall Effect -- All-Optical Setup for Flux Rectification -- Chern-Number Measurement of Hofstadter Bands -- Conclusions and Outlook
ISBN:9783319258294
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Low Temperature Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319220932:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2 New Vistas in Nanoelectronics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (90 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22093-2
Contents:News on 8 Chip-Technologies -- Monolithic 3D Integration -- Comprehensive, Reliable, Low-Power Electronics -- Analog for a Digital World -- Interconnects, Communication -- Developments in the Chip Market -- ITRS, The 2014-2029
International Technology Roadmap of Semiconductors -- Nanolithography -- Power-Efficient Design -- Super processors and Super computers -- Memory -- Hybrid 3D Integration for Wireless Multimedia -- Technology for the Next-Generation
Mobile User -- MEMS –Micro-Electromechanical Systems -- Vision Chips and Cameras -- Digital Neural Networks -- Retinal Implants -- The Human-Brain Projects -- Energy Harvesting and Chip Autonomy -- 2020 World with Chips
ISBN:9783319220932
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Electronic circuits , Nanotechnology , Electronics , Microelectronics , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Nanotechnology and Microengineering , Optical and Electronic Materials , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation , Electronic Circuits and Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319143941:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synchrotron Light Sources and Free-Electron Lasers Accelerator Physics, Instrumentation and Science Applications
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (632 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-14394-1
Contents:Accelerator Physics -- Physics of Synchrotron Radiation -- Introduction to High-Gain FEL Theory -- Seeding the Harmonic Generation in Free Electron Lasers -- Ultrashort Pulses from Synchrotron Radiation Sources -- Terahertz Radiation
Sources -- Facility Design -- Storage Ring Design for Synchrotron Radiation Sources -- Electron Linear Accelerator for X-Ray FEL -- The SCALA FEL -- FLASH: The First Superconducting X-Ray FEL -- Energy Recovery Linacs -- Technology
Basis -- Integrated Multi-Magnet Systems -- Superconduction RF: Enabling Technology for Modern Light Sources -- Vacuum Systems for Synchrotron Light Sources and FELs -- Electron Sources for Brilliant Light Sources -- Shaping Photon
Beams with Undulators and Wigglers -- Control Systems, Operational Tools -- Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics -- Orbit/Trajectory Control and Feedback -- Beam Instabilities, Feedback Systems -- Brilliant Light Sources Driven by
Laser-Plasma Accelerators
ISBN:9783319143941
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Optics , Electrodynamics , Condensed matter , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Materials science , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Condensed Matter Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Physical Chemistry , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Materials [electronic resource] : Physics, Mechanics and Applications
Author(s): Shun-Hsyung Chang
Ivan A Parinov
Vitaly Yu Topolov
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Advanced materials are the basis of modern science and technology. This proceedings volume presents a broad spectrum of studies of novel materials covering their processing techniques, physics, mechanics, and applications. Thebook is concentrated on nanostructures, ferroelectric crystals, materials and composites, materials for solar cells and also polymeric composites. Nanotechnology approaches, modern piezoelectric techniques and also latest achievementsin materials science, condensed matter physic s, mechanics of deformable solids and numerical methods are presented. Great attention is devoted to novel devices with high accuracy, longevity and extended possibilities to work in widetemperature and pressure ranges, aggressive media etc. The character istics of materials and composites with improved properties opening new possibilities of various physical processes, in particular transmission and receipt of signalsunder water, are described
Contents:Processing Techniques of Advanced Materials
Physics of Advanced Materials
Mechanics of Advanced Materials
Applications of Advanced Materials
ISBN:9783319037493
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v152
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319020815:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Nanostructures Fabricated by Focused Electron/Ion Beam Induced Deposition [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rosa Crdoba Castillo
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis constitutes a detailed study of functional nanostructures (ferromagnetic, superconducting, metallic and semiconducting) fabricated by focused electron/ion beam induced deposition techniques. The nanostructures weregrown using different pr ecursor materials such as Co2(CO)8, Fe2(CO)9, W(CO)6, (CH3)3Pt(CpCH3) and were characterized by a wide range of techniques. This work reports results obtained for the morphology, the microstructure, thecomposition, the electrical transport mechanism, magn etic and superconducting properties of nanostructures. The results offers exciting prospects in a wide range of applications in nanotechnology and condensed matter physics
Contents:Introduction
Experimental Techniques
Ferromagnetic Cobalt Nanostructures grown by Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition
Ferromagnetic Iron Nanostructures grown by Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition
Superconducting Tungsten
Based Nanodeposits grown by Focused Ion Beam Induced Deposition
Summary and Main Conclusions
ISBN:9783319020815
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642346330:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Vitreous State [electronic resource] Thermodynamics, Structure, Rheology, and Crystallization
Author(s): Ivan S Gutzow
Jrn W.P Schmelzer
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book summarizes the experimental evidence and modern classical and theoretical approaches in understanding the vitreous state, from structural problems, over equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, to statisticalphysics. Glasses, and esp ecially silicate glasses, are only the best known representatives of this particular physical state of matter. Other typical representatives include organic polymer glasses, and many other easily vitrifyingorganic and inorganic substances, technically imp ortant materials, amidst them vitreous water and vitrified aqueous solutions, and also many metallic alloy systems. Some of these systems only form glasses under particular conditions,e.g. through ultra-rapid cooling. This book describes the properties an d the formation of both every-day technical glasses and especially of such more exotic forms of vitreous matter. Itis a unique source of knowledge and new ideasfor materials scientists, engineers and researchers working on condensed matter. The new editio n emphasizes latest experimental findings and modern theories, explaining the kinetics of glass formation, the relaxation and stabilizationof glasses and their crystallization in terms of new models, derived from the framework of the thermodynamics of irr eversible processes. It shows how the properties of common technical glasses, window glass, or the vitreous ice kernelof comets can be used to develop a new understanding of the existence of matter in various, unusualforms. The developed theoretical model scan find application even in the description of lasers and in unusual processes in theuniverse
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:States of Aggregation, Thermodynamic Phases, and the Vitreous State
Non
Equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Kinetics of Glass Transition and Stabilization
General Approaches to the Description of the Structure of Glasses
Statistical Physics of Under
Cooled Melts and Glasses
Nucleation in Glass
Forming Systems
Catalyzed Crystallization of Glass
Forming Melts
Theory of Crystal Growth and Dissolution in Under
cooled Melts
Growth of Clusters. Ostwalds Rule of Stages
Kinetics of Overall Crystallization
Liquid Phase Separation in Glass
Forming Melts
Rheology of Glass
ISBN:9783642346330
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642287237:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Isotopes in Condensed Matter [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vladimir G. Plekhanov
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a concise introduction to the newly created sub-discipline of solid state physics isotopetronics. The role of isotopes in materials and their properties are describe in this book. The problem of the enigma ofthe atomic mass in micr ophysics is briefly discussed. The range of the applications of isotopes is wide: from biochemical process in living organisms to modern technical applications in quantum information. Isotopetronics promises toimprove nanoelectronic and optoelectronic dev ices. With numerous illustrations this book is useful to researchers, engineers and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Sub
nucleonic Structure and the Modern Picture of Isotopes
Early Spectroscopic Studies of Isotopes
Isotopes in Condensed Matter
Effects Related to Isotopic Disorder in Solids
Traditional Applications of Stable and Radioactive Isotopes
ISBN:9783642287237
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v162
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642328589:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Topological Insulators [electronic resource] : Dirac Equation in Condensed Matters
Author(s): Shun-Qing Shen
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Topological insulatorsare insulating in the bulk, but process metallic states around its boundary owing to the topological origin of the band structure. The metallic edge or surface states are immune to weak disorder orimpurities, and robust against the deformation of the system geometry. This book, Topological insulators, presents a unified description of topological insulators from one to three dimensions based on the modified Dirac equation. Aseries of solutions of the bound states near the bounda ry are derived, and the existing conditions of these solutions are described. Topological invariants and their applications to a variety of systems from one-dimensionalpolyacetalene, to two-dimensional quantum spin Hall effect and p-wave superconductors, and three-dimensional topological insulators and superconductors or superfluids are introduced, helping readers to better understand thisfascinating new field. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students working in the field of topological insulators and related areas. Shun-Qing Shen is a Professor at the Department of Physics, the University of HongKong, China
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Starting fromthe Dirac equation
Minimal lattice model for topological insulator
Topological invariants
Topological phases in one dimension
Quantum spin Hall effect
Three dimensional topological insulators
Impurities and defects in topological insulators
Topological superconductors and superfluids
Majorana fermions in topological insulators
Topological Anderson Insulator
Summary: Symmetry and Topological Classification
ISBN:9783642328589
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v174
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642325342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Shock Wave Compression of Condensed Matter [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jerry W. Forbes
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Graduate/advanced undergraduate textbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642325342
Series:Shock Wave and High Pressure Phenomena
Series:e-books
Keywords: Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials , Condensed Matter Physics , Thermodynamics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642233685:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Next Generation of Photovoltaics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ana Bel Cristal Lez
Antonio MartVega
Antonio Luque Lez
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642233685
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences
Series:e-books
Keywords: Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Renewable and Green Energy , Optical and Electronic Materials , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering , Energy Technology , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642226519:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unconventional Superconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Iman Askerzade
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642226519
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science
Series:e-books
Keywords: Low Temperature Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Structural Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642193736:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Soft Matter Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shaofan Li
Bohua Sun
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advances in Soft Matter Mechanics is a compilation and selection of recent works in soft matter mechanics by a group of active researchers in the field. The main objectives of this book are first to disseminate the latestdevelopments in soft matter m echanics in the field of applied and computational mechanics, and second to introduce soft matter mechanics as a sub-discipline of soft matter physics. As an important branch of soft matter physics, softmatter mechanics has developed rapidly in recent yea rs. A number of the novel approaches discussed in this book are unique, such as the coarse grained finite element method for modeling colloidal adhesion, entropic elasticity, meshfreesimulations of liquid crystal elastomers, simulations of DNA, etc. The b ook is intended for researchers and graduate students in the field of mechanics, condensed matter physics and biomaterials. Dr. Shaofan Li is a professor of theUniversity of California-Berkeley, U.S.A Dr. Bohua Sun is a professor of Cape Peninsula Univers ity of Technology, South Africa.
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642193736
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Polymers , Materials , Biomaterials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642151224:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scale Invariance [electronic resource]
Author(s): Annick Lesne
Michel Lags
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Graduate/advanced undergraduate textbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642151224
Series:e-books
Keywords: Condensed Matter Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Complexity , Structural Materials , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Single Molecule Studies, Molecular Motors
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642104480:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Theories of Many-Particle Systems in Condensed Matter Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel C. Cabra
Andreas Honecker
Pierre Pujol
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642104480
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Phase Transitions and Multiphase Systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461414865:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Umantsev
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461414865
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Condensed Matter Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Materials Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441980779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource] : Materials and Photons
Author(s): Rainer Dick
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advanced Quantum Mechanics: Materials and Photons is a textbook which emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, orscattering. Important aspe cts of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. The textbook can therefore be used for advancedundergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses whi ch are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject asaccessible as possible, Appendices A and B also provide introductions to Lagrangian mecha nics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrateddiscussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have a cquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy.Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition amplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, a bsorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimentaltechniques that use photon probes. Quantization is first discussed for the Schrdinger field before the relativistic Maxwell, Klein-Gordon and Dirac fields are quantized. Quantized Schrdinger field theory is not only important forcondensed matter physics and materials science, but also provides the easiest avenue to general field quantization and is therefore also useful for students with an interest in nuclear and particle physics. The quantization of theMaxwell field is performed in Coulomb gauge. This is the appropriate and practically most useful quantization procedure in condensed matter physics, chem
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Need for Quantum Mechanics
Self
adjoint Operators and Eigenfunction Expansions
Simple Model Systems
Notions from Linear Algebra and Bra
ket Formalism
Formal Developments
Harmonic Oscillators and Coherent States
Central Forces in Quantum Mechanics
Spin and Addition of Angular Momentum Type Operators
Stationary Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Aspects of Materials I
Scattering Off Potentials
The Density of States
Time
Dependent Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics
Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics
Coupling to Electromagnetic Fields
Princ
ISBN:9781441980779
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400705852:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Soft Matter [electronic resource] : The stuff that dreams are made of
Author(s): Roberto Piazza
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Soft matter may, as Roberto Piazza puts it, be the stuff of dreams, but it is also the stuff of life. That is what makes this book so engaging because it shows the ingenuity that both nature and humankind have invested inthe bendy, stretchy, fragile , tough and adaptable substances we find all around us. There is plenty of hard science in this soft matter, and Piazza offers an urbane and eloquent tour through it. Philip Ball, multi-award winningscience writer. This book takes you for a leisurely walk through the middle earth that scientists call soft matter -- much smaller than what we observe with the naked eye, but not as remote as the esoteric realm of molecules,atoms and fundamental particles. From toys to trainers, our civilization would be very different if we did not have plastic. From milk to paint, what would we do without colloids? We ourselves fall into the category of soft matter,made as we are of a molecular origami of proteins, DNA and other biological compounds. This fascinating explor ation reveals what these materials have in common and which aspects of their behavior make them useful in our everydaylife. Understanding more about their physical properties will make you marvel at the soft things that surround us. With a Foreword by Pro fessor Henk Lekkerkerker, Utrecht University, the Netherlands Roberto Piazza trained as aphysicist at the school of Vittorio Degiorgio, and is now a professor of Condensed Matter Physics at the Politecnico di Milano, Italy, Associate Editor of the Europea n Physical Journal E and coordinator of the European Space Agency'sTopical Team for Applications of colloids in microgravity of the European Space Agency. He has made important contributions to research on nanoparticle suspensions, polymer and surfactant solutions and biological macromolecules.He is not only a gifted physicists, but equally well versed in history and literature
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface to the English edition
1 Overture: a special day
2 A life in suspense
3 Freedom in chains
4 Double
faced Janus Molecules
5 Nanoarchitecture
6 Dreamtime
Weird words: soft matter from A to Z
Index of common things (or almost so)
ISBN:9789400705852
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Polymers , Mathematics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642198311:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Laser Materials Processing [electronic resource] : Theory and Experiment
Author(s): Gennady G Gladush
Igor Smurov
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the basic mechanisms, theory, simulations and technological aspects of Laser processing techniques. It covers the principles of laser quenching, welding, cutting, alloying, selective sintering, ablation, etc.The main attention is paid to the quantitative description. The diversity and complexity of technological and physical processes is discussed using a unitary approach. The book aims on understanding the cause-and-effect relations inphysical processes in Laser technologies. It will help researchers and engineers to improve the existing and develop new Laser machining techniques. The book addresses readers with a certain background in general physics andmathematical analysis: graduate students, researchers and engineers practici ng laser applications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General problems of propagation of laser radiation in gases and plasma and physical processes on the surface of condensed media
Mechanisms of laser processing of metal surfaces
Plasma phenomena in laser processing of materials
Properties and mechanisms of deep melting of materials by a cw laser beam
Physics of remote and gas
assisted cutting with lasers
Interaction of pulsed laser radiation with materials
Pulsed surface plasma
Physics of the damage and deep melting of metals by laser pulses
Interaction of repetitively pulsed laser radiation with materials
ISBN:9783642198311
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v146
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642140907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Density Functional Theory [electronic resource] : An Advanced Course
Author(s): Eberhard Engel
Reiner M Dreizler
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for the atomic-level simulation of condensed matter phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. The present book is a rigorousand detailed introducti on to the foundations up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals and both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, this textconcentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants. This implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of keyapproximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemen ted by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating strengths and weaknesses of a particular approach or functional. DFT forsuperconducting or nuclear and hadronic systems are not addressed in this work. The structure and material co ntained in this book allow for a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-bodytheory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Greens function or response functions - ar e introduced step by step, rather than just used. The same applies to some basic notions of solid statetheory, as, for instance, the Fermi surface. Also, the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without a formal theoretical physics background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Foundations of Density Functional Theory: Existence Theorems
Effective Single
Particle Equations
Exchange
Correlation Energy Functional
Virial Theorems
Orbital Functionals: Optimized Potential Method
Time
Dependent Density Functional Theory
Relativistic Density Functional Theory
Further Reading
Appendices: Functionals and the Functional Derivative
Second Quantization in Many
Body Theory
Scaling Behavior of Many
Body Methods
Explicit Density Functionals for the Kinetic Energy: Thomas
Fermi Models and Beyond
Asymptotic Behavior of Quasi
Particl
ISBN:9783642140907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441976499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): K.L Ngai
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems comprehensively presents a variety of experimental evidences of universal relaxation and diffusion properties in complex materials and systems. The materials discussed include liquids,glasses, colloids, pol ymers, rubbers, plastic crystals and aqueous mixtures, as well as carbohydrates, biomolecules, bioprotectants and pharmaceuticals. Due to the abundance of experimental data, emphasis is placed on glass-formers andthe glass transition problem, a still unso lved problem in condensed matter physics and chemistry. The evidence for universal properties of relaxation and diffusion dynamics suggests that a fundamental physical law is at work. Theorigin of the universal properties is traced to the many-body effect s of the interaction, rigorous theory of which does not exist at the present time. However, using solutions of simplified models as guides, key quantities have beenidentified and predictions of the universal properties generated. These predictions from Ng ais Coupling Model can qualitatively as well as quantitatively explain the experimentally observed dynamic properties of different complexinteracting materials and systems in many cases, essentially from the strength of the interaction. Change of relaxati on and diffusion dynamics when dimension of the material is reduced to nanometer scale are consistent with thepredictions. The success of the Coupling Model provides some measure of understanding the relaxation properties of complex interacting systems an d also paves the way for the construction of rigorous theories in the future. Relaxationand Diffusion in Complex Systems describes advances that affect many different areas of research, and will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of materials science, nanotechnology, energy and medicine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Universal Relaxation and Diffusion Properties in Complex Systems
Experimental Evidences
Computer Simulations
Theoretical Modeling and Interpretations
Many
Body Relaxation Dynamic and Relation to Chaos
Glass Transition and the Glassy State
Role of Thermodynamics, Volume, Entropy and Temperature
Polymer Viscoelasticity
Ionic Conductivity Relaxation in Ionically Conducting Materials
Relaxation and Diffusion at Nanometer Scales
Relaxation in Biomolecules
ISBN:9781441976499
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Partially Ordered Systems, 0941-5114
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642045189:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids [electronic resource] : Volume 3 - Normal, Broken-Symmetry, and Correlated Systems
Author(s): Jen Slyom
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is the third of a three-volume series written by the same author that aims to deliver a comprehensive and self-contained account of the vast field of solid-state physics. It goes far beyond most classic texts in thepresentation of the prope rties of solids and experimentally observed phenomena, along with the basic concepts and theoretical methods used to understand them and the essential features of various experimental techniques. The firstvolume deals with the atomic and magnetic structur e and dynamics of solids, the second with those electronic properties that can be understood in the one-particle approximation, and the third with the effects due to interactions andcorrelations between electrons. In the present volume the electronelectro n interaction is treated first in the HartreeFock approximation. The density-functional theory is introduced to account for correlation effects. Theresponse to external perturbations is discussed in the framework of linear response theory. Landaus Fermi-l iquid theory is followed by the theory of Luttinger liquids. The subsequent chapters are devoted to electronic phases withbroken symmetry: to itinerant magnetism, to spin- and charge-density waves and their realizations in quasi-one-dimensional materials, as well as to the microscopic theory of superconductivity. An overview is given of the physics ofstrongly correlated systems. The last chapter covers selected problems in the physics of disordered systems. The text provides material for upper-level under graduate and graduate courses. It will also be a valuable reference forresearchers in the field of condensed matter physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Electrons
Electron Interaction and Correlations
Electronic Response to External Perturbations
Cohesive Energy of the Electron System
Excitations in the Interacting Electron Gas
Fermion Liquids
Electronic Phases with Broken Symmetry
Microscopic Theory of superconductivity
Strongly Correlated Systems
Disordered Systems
Response to External Perturbations
Green Functions of the Many
Body Problem
Field Theory of Luttinger Liquids
Renormalization and Scaling in Solid
State Physics
ISBN:9783642045189
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642039539:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metal-to-Nonmetal Transitions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ronald Redmer
Friedrich Hensel
Bastian Holst
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is devoted to nonmetal-to-metal transitions. The original ideas of Mott for such a transition in solids have been adapted to describe a broad variety of phenomena in condensed matter physics (solids, liquids, andfluids), in plasma and clust er physics, as well as in nuclear physics (nuclear matter and quark-gluon systems). The book gives a comprehensive overview of theoretical methods and experimental results of the current research on the Motteffect for this wide spectrum of topics. The fun damental problem is the transition from localized to delocalized states which describes the nonmetal-to-metal transition in these diverse systems. Based on the ideas of Mott, Hubbard,Anderson as well as Landau and Zeldovich, internationally respected scie ntists present the scientific challenges and highlight the enormous progress which has been achieved over the last years. The level of description is aimed tospecialists in these fields as well as to young scientists who will get an overview for their own work. A common feature of all contribution is the extensive discussion of bound states, i.e. their formation and dissolution due tomedium effects. This applies to atoms and molecules in plasmas, fluids, and small clusters, excitons in semiconductors, or nucleons, deuterons, and alpha-particles in nuclear matter. In this way, the transition from delocalized tolocalized states and vice versa can be described on a common level
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Luttinger, Peierls or Mott? Quantum Phase Transitions in Strongly Correlated 1D Electron
Phonon Systems
The Metal
Nonmetal Transition in Fluid Mercury: Landau
Zeldovich Revisited
The Influence of Pauli Blocking Effects on the Mott Transition in Dense Hydrogen
Metal
Insulator Transition in Dense Hydrogen
Resolving the Ion and Electron Dynamics in Finite Systems Exposed to Intense Optical Laser Fields
Mott Effect in Nuclear Matter
BEC
BCS Crossover in Strongly Interacting Matter
ISBN:9783642039539
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v132
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer engineering , Optical materials , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642033094:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Studying Kinetics with Neutrons [electronic resource] : Prospects for Time-Resolved Neutron Scattering
Author(s): Gtz Eckold
Helmut Schober
Stephen E Nagler
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Neutrons are extremely versatile probes for investigating structure and dynamics in condensed matter. Due to their large penetration depth, they are ideal for in-situ measurements of samples situated in sophisticated and advancedenvironments. The adv ent of new high-intensity neutron sources and instruments, as well as the development of new real-time techniques, allows the tracking of transformation processes in condensed matter on a microscopic scale. Thepresent volume provides a review of the state of the art of this new and exciting field of kinetics with neutrons
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Studying the Structure and Hydration Kinetics of Cement Systems in Real
time using Neutron Scattering
Time
Resolved, Electric
field
induced Domain Switching and Strain in Ferroelectric Ceramics and Crystals
Real
time Small Scattering Techniques Probing Microsecond Dynamics in Magnetic Nanomaterials
Structure Evolution in Materials Studied by Time
Dependent Neutron Scattering
Time
resolved Phonons as a Microscopic Probe for Solid State Processes
Neutron Spectroscopy on Molecular Nanomagnets in the Time Domain
ISBN:9783642033094
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v161
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642025891:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid-State Physics [electronic resource] : Introduction to the Theory
Author(s): James Patterson
Bernard Bailey
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Learning Solid State Physics involves a certain degree of maturity, since it involves tying together diverse concepts from many areas of physics. The objective is to understand, in a basic way, how solid materials behave. To dothis one needs both a g ood physical and mathematical background. One definition of Solid State Physics is it is the study of the physical (e.g. the electrical, dielectric, magnetic, elastic, and thermal) properties of solids in termsof basic physical laws. In one sense, Solid S tate Physics is more like chemistry than some other branches of physics because it focuses on common properties of large classes of materials. It is typical that Solid State Physicsemphasizes how physics properties link to electronic structure. We have re tained the term Solid Modern solid state physics came of age in the late thirties and forties and is now is part of condensed matter physics which includesliquids, soft materials, and non-crystalline solids. This solid state/condensed matter physics book begins with three broad areas: (1) How and why atoms bind together to form solids, (2) Lattice vibrations and phonons, and (3)Electrons in solids. It then applies these areas to (4) Interactions especially of electrons with phonons, (5) Metals, the Fermi surface and alloys, (6) Semiconductors, (7) Magnetism, (8) Superconductivity, (9) Dielectrics andferroelectrics, (10) Optical properties, (11) Defects, and (12) Certain other modern topics such as layered materials, quantum Hall effect, mesoscopics, nanop hysics, and soft condensed matter. For this 2nd addition new material hasbeen added on the evolution of BEC to BCS phenomena, conducting polymers, graphene, highly correlated electrons, iron pnictide superconductors, light emitting diodes, N-V centers, na nomagnetism, negative index of refraction, opticallattices, phase transitions, phononics, photonics, plasmonics, quantum computing, solar cells, spin Hall effect, and spintronics. The major addition to
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Crystal Binding and Structure
Lattice Vibrations and Thermal Properties
Electrons in Periodic Potentials
The Interaction of Electrons and Lattice Vibrations
Metals, Alloys, and the Fermi Surface
Semiconductors
Magnetism, Magnons, and Magnetic Resonance
Superconductivity
Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics
Optical Properties of Solids
Defects in Solids
Current Topics in Solid CondensedMatter Physics
ISBN:9783642025891
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electronics , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642020698:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Solids [electronic resource] Essentials and Beyond
Author(s): Eleftherios N Economou
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This textbook emphasizes a few fundamental principles and extracts from them a wealth of information. This approach also unifies an enormous and diverse subject which seems to consist of too many disjoint pieces. The book startswith the absolute mini mum of formal tools, emphasizes the basic principles, and employs physical reasoning ( a little thinking and imagination to quote R. Feynman) to obtain results. Continuous comparison with experimental dataleads naturally to a gradual refinement of the con cepts and to more sophisticated methods. After the initial overview with an emphasis on the physical concepts and the derivation of results by dimensional analysis, The Physics ofSolids deals with the Jellium Model (JM) and the Linear Combination of Atomi c Orbitals (LCAO) approaches to solids and introduces the basic concepts and information regarding metals and semiconductors. The remainder, constitutingenrichment and elective material, re-examines the model under more realistic assumptions as well as ne w, more advanced subjects. While prerequisites include quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, and statistical physics, appendicessummarizing these subjects are included to make the book more self-contained. The basic text is enhanced with worked problems, c opious illustrations, chapter-end exercises and summaries. The approach, which emphasizes the underlyingphysical concepts, unifies to some extent a subject that can seem too diverse and consisting of too many disjoint pieces, requires from students less m emorizing of facts and formalisms but more thinking
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
part one: an overview
key points summarized
basic principles in action
a first acquaintance with condensed matter
part two: two simple models for solids
the jellium model and metals, i
the jellium model and metals, ii
solids as supergiant molecules: lcao
semiconductors and other tetravalent solids
beyond the jm and lcao: an outline
part three: more about periodicity and its consequences
crystal structure and ionic vibrations
electrons in periodic media: response in the presence of a static magnetic field
calculating the band structure
pseudo
ISBN:9783642020698
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441911971:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Industrial Color Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Georg A Klein
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This unique book starts with a short historical overview of the development of the theories of color vision and applications of industrial color physics. The three dominant factors producing color - light source, color sample,and observer - are descr ibed in detail. The standardized color spaces are shown and related color values are applied to characteristic color qualities of absorption as well as of effect colorants. The fundamentals of spectrometric andcolorimetric measuring techniques together wi th specific applications are described. Theoretical models for radiative transfer in transparent, translucent, and opaque layers are detailed the two, three, and multi-flux approximationsare presented for the first time in a coherent formalism. These meth ods constitute the fundamentals not only for the important classical methods, but also modern methods of recipe prediction applicable to all known colorants. The textis supplied with 52 tables, more than 200 partially colored illustrations, an appendix, a nd a detailed bibliography. This work is recommended particularly for physicists, chemists, and engineers in color industry and related fields ofresearch, development, production, and processing this work provides the fundamentals over the widespread phys ical properties and applications of absorption and effect colorants and is suitable for both the beginner and experienceddeveloper. The author, Georg A. Klein, was awarded his Ph. D. in polymer physics from the University of Mainz, Germany. After several years of R&D in the chemical industry, he became a professor for physics, color physics, andtechnology of polymers at the University of Applied Sciences in Stuttgart. His extensive decades-long experience in color physics and color technology in Germany a nd abroad is condensed in the present book
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Light sources, types of colorants, observer
Optical radiation sources and interaction of light
Absorbing colorants
Effect pigments
Observer
References
Systems of standardized tristimulus values, color qualities, chroma of effect pigments
Systems of standardized tristimulus values
Color difference metrics and color tolerances
Color inconstancy and metamerism
Specific qualities of colorants
Colorimetry of effect pigments
References
Measuring Colors
Measuring of reflecting and transmitting materials
Measuring geometries
Uncertainties
ISBN:9781441911971
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v154
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemical engineering , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048129935:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemomechanical Instabilities in Responsive Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): P Borckmans
P Kepper
A. R Khokhlov
S Mtens
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume contains a selection of the papers presented by renowned specialists of each field. It is the first book in which the communities of nonlinear chemists and gel specialist communicate and show how interactions betweenthe two fields can act ually produce working devices based on the transduction of chemical to mechanical energy and vice-versa. Beside subtle ways of using the slaving of responsive materials devices to oscillatory reactions, emphasisis brought on emerging properties that are p ossessed by neither of the separated constituents. Several contributions on these aspects are included, in relation to their potential relevance to biological, medical and technologicalapplications. The whole constitutes a specific multidisciplinary new f ield. Both advanced and basic aspects of the two fields can be found the this collection of lectures. The book will not only benefit to doctoral students oryoung post-docs to learn the ropes of both subjects, but also to active researchers from one field, to catch up on the other without getting lost in the huge literature that exists in each of the particular fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Sustained Oscillations to Stationary Reaction
Diffusion Patterns
Mechanochemical Instabilities in Active Gels
An Excursion in Theoretical Non Linear Chemistry: From Oscillations to Turing Patterns
Chemomechanics: Oscillatory Dynamics in Chemoresponsive Gels
Structural Approaches on the Toughness in Double Network Hydrogels
Chemomechanical Dynamics of Responsive Gels
Autonomous Rhythmic Drug Delivery Systems Based on Chemical and Biochemomechanical Oscillators R.A. Siegel
Structure Formation and Nonlinear Dynamics in Polyelectrolyte Responsive Gels
Nonlinear Chemical
ISBN:9789048129935
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology, 1874-6489
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Differentiable dynamical systems , Thermodynamics , Soft condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540959687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Synchrotron Light to Scattering and Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Marian Gomez
Aurora Nogales
Mari Cruz Garcia-Gutierrez
T.A Ezquerra
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The present set of lecture notes originates from the deeply felt need in the community to bridge the gap between beamline manuals and advanced graduate textbooks. The volume is a collection of tutorials, surveys and reviews. Theycover most cases of r elevance and interest where the combination of synchrotron light with various scattering and diffraction techniques is a very helpful approach to obtaining essential information about the structure of largemolecular assemblies in low-ordered environments. Soft condensed matter and biomaterials, as well as complex fluids, are typical of the materials considered here. Contributions to this volume have been selected on the basis of theirclose relevance to advanced synchrotron radiation sources and state-of-t he art beamline work
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Bases of Synchrotron Radiation, Light Sources, and Features of X
Ray Scattering Beamlines
Scattering of Soft Condensed Matter: From Fundaments to Application
A Basic Introduction to Grazing Incidence Small
Angle X
Ray Scattering
Fundaments of Soft Condensed Matter Scattering and Diffraction with Microfocus Techniques
The Use of Scattering and Spectroscopic Synchrotron Radiation Methods in Materials Science
Synchrotron Small
Angle X
Ray Scattering Studies of Colloidal Suspensions
Applications of Synchrotron X
Ray Diffraction to the Study of the Phase Behavior in Liquid Crystal
ISBN:9783540959687
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v776
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microscopy , Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Soft condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540858591:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solid State Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rolf Haug
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The present volume 48 of the Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written version of a large number of the invited talks of the 2008 Spring Meeting of the DPG section Condensed Matter Physics (Sektion kondensierte Materieder DPG) which was he ld in Berlin, Germany, and gives a nice overview of the present status of condensed matter physics. Low-dimensional systems are dominating the field and especially nanowires and quantum dots. In recent years onelearned how to produce nanowires directly du ring a growth process. Therefore, a number of articles is related to such nanowires. In nanoparticles and quantum dots, the dimensionality is further reduced and we learn more and more how toproduce such systems in a defined way and what effects result fr om the confinement in all three dimensions. Spin effects and magnetism is another important field of present-day research in solid state physics. The third chapter coversthis physics. The growing interest into organic materials and biological systems is r eflected in a large chapter of this book with the title Organic Materials and Water. The last chapters of this book cover aspects that range fromdynamical effects up to device physics and characterization tools
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Nanowires
Part II: Quantum Dots and Nanoparticles
Part III: Spin and Magnetism
ISBN:9783540858591
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Solid State Physics, 1438-4329 : v48
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Superconductivity , Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540856252:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics XIX [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the NineteenthWorkshop Athens, GA, USA, February 2024, 2006
Author(s): D. P Landau
S. P Lewis
H. B Schttler
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume represents a status report emanating from presentations made during the 19th Annual Workshop on Computer Simulations Studies in Condensed Matter Physics at the Center for Simulational Physics at the University ofGeorgia in February, 2006. It provides a broad overview of the most recent advances in the field, spanning the range from equilibrium and non-equilibrium behavior in statistical physics to biological and soft condensed matter systems.Results on nanomagents and materials are includ ed as are several descriptions of advances in methodology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Visualizing Nanodiamond and Nanotubes with AViz
Molecular Dynamics Simulations for Anisotropic Systems
Logarithmic Corrections and Universal Amplitude Ratios in the 4
State Potts Model
Computer Simulations of Models for Confined Two
Dimensional Colloidal Crystals
Vortex Fluctuation and Magnetic Friction
Simulating the Interaction of High Intensity Optical Pulses with Nanostructured Optical Devices
Solvent
Free Lipid
Bilayer Simulations
Accelerated Molecular
Dynamics Simulation if Thin Film Growth
First
order Reversal Curve Analysis of Kinetic Monte Car
ISBN:9783540856252
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v123
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540854289:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bikas K Chakrabarti
Kamal K Bardhan
Asok K Sen
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This set of extensive tutorial reviews and lectures focusses on the semi-classical and quantum aspects of percolation methods and their application to breakdown phenomena in disordered composite or granular materials. It sets outto connect - for the first time and in a coherent fashion - many recent theoretical and experimental advances in adjacent fields, such as the investigation of nonlinear current-voltage characteristics of 'quantum-dotted' materials orZener breakdown in Mott or Anderson insulat ors. Last but not least, a final chapter explores the application of quantum percolation methods to the rapidly emerging field of quantum computing and communication
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Classical Percolation
Nonlinear Response, Semi
classical Percolation and Breakdown in the RRTN Model
Quantum Transmittance Through Random Media
Quantum Percolation in Two Dimensions
Quantum Percolation in Disordered Structures
Quantum Percolation in the Quantum Hall Regime
Percolative Quantum Transport in Manganites
Classical and Quantum Breakdown in Disordered Materials
Nonequilibrium Quantum Breakdown in a Strongly correlated Electron System
Percolation in Quantum Computation and Communication
Index
ISBN:9783540854289
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v762
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Statistical physics , Condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540795575:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Einstein Relation in Compound Semiconductors and their Nanostructures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kamakhya Prasad Ghatak
Sitangshu Bhattacharya
Debashis De
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the first book solely devoted to the Einstein relation in compound semiconductors and their nanostructures. The materials considered are nonlinear optical, III-V, ternary, quaternary, II-VI, IV-VI, Bismuth, stressedcompounds, quantum wells, q uantum wires, nipi structures, carbon nanotubes, heavily doped semiconductors, inversion layers, superlattices of nonparabolic materials with graded interfaces under magnetic quantization, quantum wiresuperlattices with different band structures and other field assisted systems. The influence of light on the Einstein relation in semiconductors and their nanostructures has also been investigated in detail by formulating therespective dispersion relations which control the transport in such quantum effect d evices. The book deals with many open research problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Basics of the Einstein Relation
2. The Einstein Relation in Bulk Specimens of Compound Semiconductors
3. The Einstein Relation in Compound Semiconductors Under Magentic Quantization
4. The Einstein Relation in Compound Semiconductors Under Cross
Field Configuration
5. The Einstein Relation in Compound Semiconductors Under Size Quantization
6 The Einstein Relation in Quantum Wires of Compound Semiconductors
7 The Einstein Relation in Inversion Layers of Compound Semiconductors
8 The Einstein Relation in nipi Structures of Compound Semiconductors
9. The Einstein Relati
ISBN:9783540795575
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v116
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Quantum optics , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540770800:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Vol. 3 [electronic resource] : Solids II
Author(s): Yasuyuki Horie
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is the second of several volumes on solids in the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library. These volumes are primarily concerned with high-pressure shock waves in solid media, including detonation andhigh-velocity impact and pen etration events. Of the four extensive chapters in this volume, the first two describe the reactive behavior of condensed phase explosives, - Condensed-Phase Explosives: Shock Initiation and DetonationPhenomena (SA Sheffield and R Engelke) - First Princip les Molecular Simulations of Energetic Materials at High-Pressures (F Zhang, S Alavi, and TK Woo), and the remaining two discuss the inert, mechanical response of solid materials. -Combined Compression and Shear Plane Waves (ZP Tang and JB Aidun), and - D ynamic Fragmentation of Solids (D Grady). All chapters are each self-contained, and can be read independently of each other. They offer a timely reference, forbeginners as well as professional scientists and engineers, on the foundations of detonation phe nomena, high strain rate response behavior, and on the burgeoning developments as well as challenging unsolved problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Size Distriubutions and Probalistic Methods in Dynamic Fragmentation
Fragment Size in Dynamic Fragmentation
Dynamic Fragmentation in Brittle Materials
Fragmentation in the Spall Process
ISBN:9783540770800
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Condensed matter , Engineering , Mechanics, applied , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540782773:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models of Granular Matter [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gianfranco Capriz
Paolo Maria Mariano
Pasquale Giovine
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Granular matter displays a variety of peculiarities that distinguish it from other appearances studied in condensed matter physics and renders its overall mathematical modelling somewhat arduous. Prominent directions in themodelling granular flows ar e analyzed from various points of view. Foundational issues, numerical schemes and experimental results are discussed. The volume furnishes a rather complete overview of the current research trends in themechanics of granular matter. Various chapters intr oduce the reader to different points of view and related techniques. New models describing granular bodies as complex bodies are presented. Results on the analysis of the inelasticBoltzmann equations are collected in different chapters. Gallavotti-Cohen s ymmetry is also discussed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Granular Matter to Generalized Continuum
Generalized Kinetic Maxwell Type Models of Granular Gases
Hydrodynamics from the Dissipative Boltzmann Equation
Bodies with Kinetic Substructure
From Extended Thermodynamics to Granular Materials
Influence of Contact Modelling on the Macroscopic Plastic Response of Granular Soils Under Cyclic Loading
Fluctuations in Granular Gases
An Extended Continuum Theory for Granular Media
Slow Motion in Granular Matter
ISBN:9783540782773
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v1937
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540755654:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The NMR Probe of High-Tc Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Russel E Walstedt
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The NMR probe has yielded a vast array of data for the high-Tc materials, corresponding to different compounds, ionic sites, and nuclear species, as well as to a wide variety of experimental conditions. Over the twenty years,since the discovery of su perconducting cuprates, ongoing analysis and discussion of cuprate NMR data have resulted in a wealth of important insights into the physics of these exotic systems. The aims of this monograph are threefold.First, it reviews NMR methodology as it has been applied to the cuprate studies. This is addressed to NMR practitioners and to physics laypersons alike. Next, it presents a review of cuprate NMR measurements and the wide variety ofphenomena which they represent. The third phase is to recount the theore tical model calculations and other proposals which have been put forward to account for these data. Parts two and three are presented in parallel, as there aremany aspects to both topics, each with its own interesting history. There is, even twenty years on, a substantial level of current theoretical development underway on the topic of high-Tc. Thus, there are theoretical controversies tobe addressed, notably that between the one and two-component pictures of NMR dynamics, which may not be resolved for s ome time to come. Further, even though one would have to say that the experimental picture is largely settled forhigh-Tc NMR studies, theoretical controversies may legitimately call for new, improved or more extensive data. There are also apparent conflic ts between NMR and neutron scattering results. These must be addressed and rationalized verycarefully. What remains in the end, then, is a snapshot of an ongoing enterprise, which is undoubtedly the grandest program ever undertaken under the rubric of con densed matter NMR studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Introduction to NMR Studies of Metals, Metallic Compounds, and Superconductors
The Superconducting Cuprates: Preliminary Steps in their Investigation via NMR
Pseudogap Effects in Cuprate NMR Studies
Relaxation Models for Cuprate NMR
Dynamic Susceptibility Studies for the Cuprates
ISBN:9783540755654
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v228
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540743255:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solid State Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rolf Haug
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The present volume 47 of the Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written version of a large number of the invited talks of the 2007 Spring Meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkrperphysik which was held in Regensburg,Germany, from March 26 to 30, 2007 in conjunction with the 71st Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.It gives an overview of the present status of solid state physics where low-dimensional systems such as quantumdots and quantum wires are dominating. The importan ce of magnetic materials is reflected by the large number of contributions in the part dealing with ferromagnetic films and particles. One of the most exciting achievements of the lastcouple of years is the successful application of electrical contacts to and the investigation of single layers of graphene. This exciting physics is covered in Part IV of this book. Terahertz physics is another rapidly moving fieldwhich is presented here by five contributions. Achievements in solid state physics are only rar ely possible without a thorough knowledge of material physics which is covered by the last two parts of this book
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantum Dots and Wires
Emission Characteristics, Photon Statistics and Coherence Properties of high
? Semiconductor Micropillar Lasers
Optical Microtube Ring Cavities
Wide
Bandgap Quantum Dot Based Microcavity VCSEL Structures
Momentum Space Wave Functions in InAs Quantum Dots Mapped by Capacitance Voltage Spectroscopy
Coupling Phenomena in Dual Electron Waveguide Structures
Correlation Effects
Electronic Correlations in Electron Transfer Systems
Criticality and Correlations in Cold Atomic Gases
Ferromagnetic Films and Particles
Magnetic Anisotropy and Magnetizati
ISBN:9783540743255
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Solid State Physics, 1438-4329 : v47
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Superconductivity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540734628:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetic Heterostructures [electronic resource] : Advances and Perspectives in Spinstructures and Spintransport
Author(s): Hartmut Zabel
Samuel D Bader
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Magnetic heterostructures constitute an important field in magnetism and nanotechnology, which has developed over the past fifteen years due to important advances in epitaxial- growth techniques and lithographic processes.Magnetic heterostructures co mbine different physical properties which do not exist in nature. Examples are semiconductors/ferromagnets, superconductors/ferromagnets, and ferromagnets/antiferromagnets. These combinations display richand novel physical properties different from those that exit in any single one of them. Interlayer exchange coupling, exchange bias, proximity effects, giant magneto-resistance, tunneling magneto-resistance, spininjection andspintransport are examples of new physical phenomena that rely on the combination of different materials layers. Since the literature on magnetic heterostructures is widely spread and highly specialized, the situation calls for a bookthat provides an overview of the basics and the state of the art of magnetic heterostructures. These c ontributions by renowned experts and leading scientists in the field provide an introduction for the young researcher, as well as anexpert overview on the present status and future challenges
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Modern Growth Problems and Growth Techniques
Magnetic Anisotropy of Heterostructures
Exchange Bias Effect of Ferro
/Antiferromagnetic Heterostructures
Exchange Coupling in Magnetic Multilayers
Proximity Effects in Ferromagnet/Superconductor Heterostructures
Magnetic Tunnel Junctions
Ferromagnet/Semiconductor Heterostructures and Spininjection
ISBN:9783540734628
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v227
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540734567:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bernoulli Potential in Superconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): P Lipavsk
Jan Kolek
Klaus Morawetz
Ernst Helmut Brandt
Tzong-Jer Yang
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The motion of electrons in superconductors seems to defy our imagination based on daily experience with Newtonian mechanics. This book shows that the classical concepts, such as the balance of forces acting on electrons, areuseful for understanding s uperconductivity. The electrostatic field plays a natural part in this balance as it mediates forces between electrons at long distances. Due to its classical interpretation, the theory presented in this bookis suitable for introductory courses
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:History of the Bernoulli potential
Basic concepts
Balance of forces
Thermodynamical correction
Phenomenological description
Non
local corrections
Extended Ginzburg
Landau theory
Quasi
neutral limit
Diamagnetic current at surface
Diamagnetic currents deep in bulk
Layered structures
Surfaces
Lattice deformations caused by electric forces
Outlook and perspectives
ISBN:9783540734567
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v733
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Condensed matter , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540732532:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Superconductivity [electronic resource] : Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors
Author(s): K. H Bennemann
John B Ketterson
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Conceived as the definitive reference in a classic and important field of modern physics, this extensive and comprehensive handbook systematically reviews the basic physics, theory and recent advances in the field ofsuperconductivity. Leading researc hers, including Nobel laureates, describe the state-of-the-art in conventional and unconventional superconductors at a particularly opportune time, as new experimental techniques and field-theoreticalmethods have emerged. In addition to full-coverage of n ovel materials and underlying mechanisms, the handbook reflects continued intense research into electron-phone based superconductivity. Considerable attention is devoted to high-Tcsuperconductivity, novel superconductivity, including triplet pairing in th e ruthenates, novel superconductors, such as heavy-Fermion metals and organic materials, and also granular superconductors. Whats more, several contributionsaddress superconductors with impurities and nanostructured superconductors. Important new results on current problems are presented in a manner designed to stimulate further research. Numerous illustrations, diagrams and tables makethis book especially useful as a reference work for researchers, students and teachers. Treating the entire superconducti vity field, this unparalleled reference resource carefully blends theoretical studies with experimental results toprovide the scientist and engineers an indispensable foundation for further research
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:History of Superconductivity: Conventional, High
Transition Temperature and Novel Superconductors
Phenomenology and Microscopic Theory: Theoretical Foundations
Electron
Phonon Superconductivity
Coexistence of Singlet Superconductivity and Magnetic Order in Bulk Magnetic Superconductors and SF Heterostructures
Theory of Superconducting Alloys
Impurity Nanostructures and Quantum Interference in Superconductors
Nanostructured Superconductors
Proximity
Coupled Systems: Quasiclassical Theory of Superconductivity
Principles of Josephson
Junction
Based Quantum Computation
F
ISBN:9783540732532
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Superconductivity , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540728658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carbon Nanotubes [electronic resource] : Advanced Topics in the Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications
Author(s): Ado Jorio
Gene Dresselhaus
Mildred S Dresselhaus
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The carbon nanotubes field has evolved substantially since the publication of the bestseller Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications. The present volume builds on the generic aspects of theaforementioned book, which emphas izes the fundamentals, with the new volume emphasizing areas that have grown rapidly since the first volume, guiding future directions where research is needed and highlighting applications. The volumealso includes an emphasis on areas like graphene, othe r carbon-like and other tube-like materials because these fields are likely to affect and influence developments in nanotubes in the next 5 years
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes
Rayleigh Scattering Spectroscopy
New Techniques for Carbon
Nanotube Study andCharacterization
High Magnetic Field Phenomena in Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon
Nanotube Optoelectronics
Electrical Transport inSingle
WallCarbonNanotubes
Double
Wall Carbon Nanotubes
Doped Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications
Electrochemistry of Carbon Nanotubes
Single
Wall Carbon Nanohorns and Nanocones
to the Important andExcitingAspects ofCarbon
NanotubeScience andTechnology
Inorganic Nanotubes andFu
ISBN:9783540728658
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v111
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, Organic , Chemistry, Physical organic , Condensed matter , Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540686835:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Piezoelectricity [electronic resource] : Evolution and Future of a Technology
Author(s): Walter Heywang
Karl Lubitz
Wolfram Wersing
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Discovered in 1880, piezoelectric materials play a key role in an innovative market of several billions of dollars. Recent advances in applications derive from new materials and their development, as well as to new marketrequirements. With the except ion of quartz, ferroelectric materials are used for they offer both high efficiency and sufficient versatility to meet adequately the multidimensional requirements for application. Consequently, strongemphasis is placed on tailoring materials and technolo gy, whether one deals with single crystals, ceramics or plastic materials. Tailoring requires a basic understanding of both physical principles and technical possibilities andlimitations. This report elucidates these developments by a broad spectrum of ex amples, comprising ultrasound in medicine and defence industry, frequency control, signal processing by SAW-devices, sensors, actuators, including novelvalves for modern motor management. It delivers a mutual fertilization of technology push and market pu ll that should be of interest not only to materials scientists or engineers but also to managers who dedicate themselves to a soundfuture-oriented R&D policy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basics and Materials
Basic Material Quartz and Related Innovations
The Role of Ferroelectricity for Piezoelectric Materials
Piezoelectric PZT Ceramics
Relaxor Ferroelectrics
Piezoelectric Polymers and Their Applications
Applications and Innovations
Electromechanical Frequency Filters
Ultrasonic Imaging
High Effective Lead Perovskite Ceramics and Single Crystals for Ultrasonic Imaging
High
Power Ultrasound Transducers for Therapeutic Applications
Piezoelectric Motors and Transformers
Piezoelectric Positioning
Piezoelectric Injection Systems
Advanced RF
ISBN:9783540686835
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v114
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Electronics , Materials
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