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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND SCATTERING METHODS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/13987.159 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword crystallography and scattering methods ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319455228:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems Physical Principles and Crystal Engineering
Author(s): Paul Lecoq
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XVI, 408 p. 226 illus., 44 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Preface to the Second edition -- Preface to the First Edition -- Scintillation and Inorganic Scintillators -- How User’s Requirements Influence the Development of Scintillators -- Addressing the Increased Demand for Fast Timing --
Scintillation Mechanisms in Inorganic Scintillators -- Energy Resolution and Non-proportionality of Scintillators -- Influence of the Crystal Structure Defects on Scintillation Properties -- Charged Hadron Radiation Damage of
Scintillators -- Crystal Engineering -- Examples of Recent Crystal Development -- Conclusion -- Index
ISBN:9783319455228
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear medicine , Particle acceleration , Physical measurements , Measurement , Engineering , Materials science , Physics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Materials Engineering , Crystallography and Scattering Methods , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Nuclear Medicine
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319195544:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computer Simulation Tools for X-ray Analysis Scattering and Diffraction Methods
Author(s): Sérgio Luiz Morelhão
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (104 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-19554-4
Contents:Radiation-electron (free electron) elementary interaction -- Scattering of X-rays by distributions of free electrons -- Atoms and molecules -- X-ray absorption -- Low correlated systems: gases and dilute solutions -- Complex systems
I: short-range correlations -- Complex systems II: arbitrary long-range correlations -- Crystals -- Application of kinematic diffraction -- Introduction to dynamical diffraction
ISBN:9783319195544
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Crystallography , Materials science , Physics , Crystallography , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Physical Chemistry , Numerical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642018992:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Crystallography of Quasicrystals [electronic resource] : Concepts, Methods and Structures
Author(s): Steurer Walter
Sofia Deloudi
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:From tilings to quasicrystal structures and from surfaces to the n-dimensional approach, this book gives a full, self-contained in-depth description of the crystallography of quasicrystals. It aims not only at conveying theconcepts and a precise pict ure of the structures of quasicrystals, butit also enables the interested reader to enter the field of quasicrystal structure analysis. Going beyond metallic quasicrystals, it also describes the new,dynamically growing field of photonic quasicrystals. The readership will be graduate students and researchers in crystallography, solid-state physics, materials science, solid- state chemistry and applied mathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Concepts
Tilings and Coverings
Polyhedra and Packings
Higher
Dimensional Approach
Methods
Experimental Techniques
Structure Analysis
Diffuse Scattering and Disorder
Structures
Structures with 1D Quasiperiodicity
Structures with 2D Quasiperiodicity
Structures with 3D Quasiperiodicity
Phase Formation and Stability
Generalized Quasiperiodic Structures
ISBN:9783642018992
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v126
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Crystallography , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783662045480:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Properties of Diamond A Data Handbook
Author(s): Alexander M Zaitsev
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (502 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04548-0
Contents:1 Refraction -- 2 Reflection and Transmission -- 3 Vibronic Absorption -- 4 Scattering -- 5 Optical Electronic Transitions -- 6 Coloration of Diamond -- 7 Physical Classification of Diamond -- 8 Interaction with Energetic Light Beams
-- 9 Thermostimulated Luminescence and Tunnel Luminescence -- 10 Photoconductivity -- 11 Related Data -- Appendix: Abbreviations, Definitions and Methods -- References
ISBN:9783662045480
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Materials science , Physics , Solid State Physics , Materials Science, general , Physical Chemistry , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9789401590938:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Direct Methods for Solving Macromolecular Structures
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (526 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-9093-8
Contents:The phase problem of x-ray crystallography: overview -- A simple introduction to direct methods -- An elementary introduction to direct methods -- A simple introduction to Patterson methods -- An introduction to probability theory --
Intensity statistics and normalization -- Invariants, seminvariants and phase relationships -- Sayre equation, tangent formula and SAYTAN -- Probabilistic phasing methods versus macromolecular crystallography -- to the use of
non-crystallographic symmetry in phasing -- An introduction to maximum entropy in action -- Crystal structure refinement incorporating chemical information -- Location of heavy atoms by automated Patterson interpretation -- New
applications of simulated annealing in crystallographic refinement -- Figures of merit for evaluating phases -- to density modification -- An integrated graphical user interface for crystallographic software -- Isomorphous replacement:
a survey of recent developments -- A theoretical study on the measurability of Bijvoet differences in macromolecular crystals -- Multiwavelength anomalous diffraction in macromolecular crystallography -- The solvent contrast variation
method -- Obtaining phases from electron microscopy for solving protein structures -- Solving a heavy-atom substructure by direct methods -- Direct methods in relation to isomorphous data -- Integration of direct methods with SIR
techniques -- Direct methods of solving phase ambiguities in macromolecular structures -- Phase refinement -- On the use of partial structure information in ab initio direct methods -- Direct methods with electron microscope
information -- Density modification and direct methods -- Molecular scene analysis and its role in protein structure determination -- Membrane proteins solved by electron microscopy and electron diffraction -- The phase problem: a
problem in constrained global optimization -- Shake-and-Bake: applications and advances -- SHELX applications to macromolecules -- Ab initio determination of a low resolution molecular envelope by direct methods -- Model based very low
resolution phasing -- Use of non-crystallographic symmetry for ab initio phasing of virus structures -- Direct methods, and the use of synchrotron radiation for macromolecular crystallography -- The likelihood based choice of priors in
statistical approaches to the phase problem -- Developments in maximum entropy and likelihood -- Extending the resolving power of Shake-and-Bake -- Reinvestigation of the use of Patterson maps to extrapolate data to higher resolution
-- Intensity oversampling from crystallographic sampling via discrete Hilbert transforms -- Applications of direct methods with single isomorphous replacement or one wavelength anomalous scattering data -- Direct methods and molecular
replacement techniques: the translation problem -- Holographic methods in x-ray crystallography -- A comparison of two algorithms for electron density map improvement by introduction of atomicity: skeletonization, and map sorting
followed by refinement -- Real-space refinement using RsRef -- Towards the enantiomorph specific probabilistic theory of the structure invariants
ISBN:9789401590938
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 507
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography , Biochemistry, general , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642468629:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of New Materials
Author(s):
Date:1998
Edition:Second, Updated Edition
Size:1 online resource (318 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-46862-9
Contents:1 Introductory Survey -- 1.1 New Materials and Necessity of Physics in their Development -- 1.2 Examples of Physics of New Materials -- 1.3 Brief Introduction of the Contents -- References -- 2 Electronic Structure and Properties of
Transition Metal Systems -- 2.1 Background -- 2.2 Basic Concepts of Electronic Structure Calculation of Transition Metal Systems -- 2.3 Bulk and Defect Electronic Structure of Ferromagnetic Transition Metal Systems -- 2.4 Structural
Problems -- 2.5 Limitation of the One Electron Theory -- 2.6 Future Development -- References -- 3 Structure Characterization of Solid-State Amorphized Materials by X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction -- 3.1 New Generation Scattering
Experiments -- 3.2 Mechanical Alloying and Mechanical Disordering -- 3.3 Medium-Range Structure of Metallic Amorphous Alloys -- 3.4 Conversion of Organic Polymers to Amorphous Ceramics -- 3.5 Hydrogen-Induced Amorphization --
References -- 4 Nanophase Materials: Synthesis, Structure, and Properties -- 4.1 Background -- 4.2 Synthesis and Processing -- 4.3 Structure and Stability -- 4.4 Properties -- 4.5 Future Directions -- References -- 5 Intercalation
Compounds of Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides -- 5.1 Background -- 5.2 Electronic Band Structures of 3d Transition-Metal Intercalated Compounds of 1T—Type TiS2 -- 5.3 Bonding Nature in Mx TiS2 (M: 3d Transition-Metal) -- 5.4 Electronic
Band Structures of AgxTiS2 -- 5.5 2H—Type TX2 (T = Nb, Ta X = S, Se) Intercalated with Transition-Metals -- 5.6 Discussion -- References -- 6 Structural Phase Transformation -- 6.1 General View -- 6.2 A Phenomenological Theory and a
Statistical View of Phase Transition -- 6.3 Martensitic Transformation of Metals and Alloys -- 6.4 Shape Memory Effect and Premartensitic Phenomena -- 6.5 Martensite and Other Problems in Ceramics -- 6.6 Conclusions -- References -- 7
The Place of Atomic Order in the Physics of Solids and in Metallurgy -- 7.1 Historical Development -- 7.2 Antiphase Domains -- 7.3 Theory of Ordering -- 7.4 Special Experimental Methods -- 7.5 Ordering Kinetics and Disorder Trapping --
7.6 Computer Simulation of Ordering and Disordering and Related Features -- 7.7 Ordering and Disordering at Free Surfaces, Interfaces and at Antiphase Domain Boundaries -- 7.8 Magnetic and Atomic Order -- 7.9 Ordering in Semiconductors
and Other Non-Metals -- 7.10 Order and Mechanical Properties -- 7.11 Conclusion -- 7.12 Addendum -- References -- 8 Usefulness of Electron Microscopy -- 8.1 Background -- 8.2 Principles of Image Formation -- 8.3 High-Resolution
Electron Microscopy -- 8.4 Indispensable Applications of HVEMy -- 8.5 New Research Fields by HVEMy “Micro-Laboratory” -- 8.6 Conclusions -- References -- 9 Mössbauer Spectroscopy in Materials Science -- 9.1 Historical Remarks -- 9.2
Principles -- 9.3 Hyperfine Interaction -- 9.4 Polarization and Thickness Effects -- 9.5 Phase Analysis -- 9.6 Cu-Fe System -- 9.7 Precision Phase Analysis -- 9.8 Amorphous Metals, General -- 9.9 Amorphous Metals, Experimental -- 9.10
Nanocrystalline Materials -- 9.11 Crystallization -- 9.12 Simultaneous Triple-Radiation Mössbauer Spectroscopy (STRMS) -- 9.13 Quo Vadis? -- References -- 10 Further Progress -- 10.1 Eelectronic Structure and Magnetism of Transition
Metal Systems -- 10.2 Structure Characterization of Solid-State Amorphized Materials by X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction -- 10.3 Recent Progress in Nanophase Materials -- 10.4 Further Progress in the Theory of Intercalation Compounds --
10.5 Various New-type Carbon Materials -- 10.6 New Findings in Ordered Structures -- 10.7 Recent Developments in High-Resolution and High-Voltage Electron Microscopy -- 10.8 New Directions in Mössbauer Spectroscopy
ISBN:9783642468629
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 27
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Crystallography , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Engineering , Materials science , Physics , Crystallography , Physical Chemistry , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Engineering, general , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642457555:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Elements of Rapid Solidification Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (245 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45755-5
Contents:1 Introduction and Background -- 1.1 Background -- 1.2 Liquid-to-Crystal Transition: Undercooling and Nucleation -- 1.3 Metallic Glasses -- 1.4 Metastable Crystalline Phases -- References -- 2 Synthesis and Processing -- 2.1 Heat
Transfer and Solidification Kinetics -- 2.2 Droplet Methods -- 2.3 Spinning Methods -- 2.4 Surface Melting Technologies -- 2.5 Consolidation Technologies -- References -- 3 Structure and Characterization of Rapidly Solidified Alloys --
3.1 Characterization Techniques -- 3.2 Total Scattering Intensity from Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Alloys -- 3.3 Diffraction Theory of Powder Pattern Peaks from Nanocrystalline Materials -- 3.4 Experimental Diffraction Techniques --
3.5 Structure of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Alloys -- 3.6 Selected Examples of Electron-Microscopy Analysis -- References -- 4 Atomic Transport and Relaxation in Rapidly Solidified Alloys -- 4.1 Basic Equations of Diffusion -- 4.2
Self-Diffusion in Amorphous Alloys -- 4.3 Theory of Diffusion in Disordered Media -- 4.4 Diffusion of Hydrogen Isotopes and Light Particles in Amorphous Alloys -- 4.5 Magnetic After-Effects and Induced Anisotropies Due to Double-Well
Systems in Amorphous Alloys -- 4.6 Viscosity and Internal Friction of Amorphous Alloys -- Appendix: Microsectioning by Ion-Beam Sputtering — A Powerful Method to Determine Diffusion Profiles -- References -- 5 Mechanical Properties and
Behaviour -- 5.1 Elastic and Anelastic Behaviour -- 5.2 Plastic Flow and Fracture Behaviour -- 5.3 Strength and Hardness -- 5.4 Fatigue and Wear Behaviour -- 5.5 Creep and Hot Deformation Behaviour -- References -- 6 Magnetic and
Electronic Properties of Rapidly Quenched Materials -- 6.1 Rapidly Quenched Alloys -- 6.2 Fundamental Magnetic Properties -- 6.3 Domains and Technical Properties of Amorphous Alloys -- 6.4 Magnetism and Short-Range Order -- 6.5
Electronic Structure of Amorphous Alloys -- 6.6 Applications -- 6.7 Conclusion, Outlook -- References -- 7 Chemical Properties of Amorphous Alloys -- 7.1 Corrosion-Resistant Alloys in Aqueous Solutions -- 7.2 Corrosion-Resistant Alloys
at High Temperatures -- 7.3 Electrodes for Electrolysis of Aqueous Solutions -- 7.4 Catalysts for Prevention of the Greenhouse Effect and Saving the Ozone Layer -- 7.5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 8 Selected Examples of
Applications -- 8.1 Improvement of Mechanical Properties -- 8.2. Magnetic Applications -- 8.3 Joining Applications -- 8.4 Current Limitations and Future Directions -- Further Reading -- 9 Glossary of Important Terms
ISBN:9783642457555
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 29
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Crystallography , Metals , Physics , Thermodynamics , Crystallography , Metallic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781475797510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coincidence Studies of Electron and Photon Impact Ionization
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (322 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9751-0
Contents:Recent Absolute (e,2e) Measurements on Atomic Hydrogen and Helium at Low and Intermediate Energies -- Second Born Calculations of (e-2e) Cross Sections at Low Energy Using a Pseudostate Set -- Excitation-Ionization and
Excitation-Autoionization of Helium -- An Analytical Approach to Resonant and Direct Fragmentation of Many-Body Coulomb Systems -- Ionization Dynamics and Exchange Effects in Pure Three-Body Coulomb Scattering -- Analysis of Integrated
Cross Sections and Spin Asymmetries for the Electron-Impact Ionization of One- and Two-Electron Atomic Systems -- Double Ionization Mechanisms from Triple Coincidence Experiments -- Double Ionization of Helium by Electron Impact: A
Study of the Two-Step Mechanism -- Partitioning of Momentum in Electron-Impact Double Ionization -- 5DCS and 4DCS Calculations for Symmetric (e,3e) Impact Ionization -- Exact and Approximate Methods of the Rigorous Coulomb Scattering
Theory -- Strong and Weak Statements in the Theory of Dipolar (e,2e) Impact Ionization -- The Triple Differential Cross Sections for (?,2e) in Helium at Intermediate Energies -- Total and Single Differential Cross Sections for He
Double Photoionization Calculated by the CCC Method -- From (?,2e) to (?,eR): Kinematically Complete Experiments with COLTRIMS -- Angle Resolved Electron Energy Loss Study on the Inner Shell Excited States of Ne -- Circular Dichroism
in Double-Photoionization of Helium Studied by Electron Time-of-Flight Coincidence Spectroscopy -- Interference Effects in Argon Auger Coincidence Spectra -- Triple Differential Cross Sections for Electron Impact Ionization of Argon
between 50 eV and 215.8 eV -- Multiple Scattering Effects in High-Energy Electron Molecule Ionization of H2 -- Parametrisation of TDCS in a Plane -- An Explanation of the Structure Observed in Out-of-Plane Symmetric Measurements on
Helium -- On the Addition Theorem for Jacobi Polynomials -- Progress Report on Relativistic (e,2e) Processes -- Structure of the Triply Differential Cross Section in the Recoil Region in Relativistic Electron Impact Ionization --
Coulomb Boundary Conditions for Relativistic (e,2e) Processes -- Spin Effects in the (e,2e) Cross Sections of Xenon -- Measurements of Spin Polarized (e,2e) Processes at 54.4 eV -- Is There Any New Physics in Spin Dependent (e,2e)
Collisions? -- Electron-Momentum Spectroscopy of Solids by the (e,2e) Reaction -- Valence Band Reconstruction in Graphite by Grazing Incidence (e,2e) Spectroscopy -- Energy Distribution of Correlated Electron Pairs Excited by Low
Energy Electrons from W(001) Measured by a Time-of-Flight (e,2e) Spectrometer -- Electron Impact Ionization of Hydrogenic Ions in Asymmetric Geometries -- Bethe-Ridge Effects in (e,2e) on H? (Using 6DIME) -- The Ehrhardt Prizes 1996 --
Three-Body Models of Electron-Hydrogen Ionization -- The Normalisation of the Experimental Triple Differential Cross Section of Noble Gas Atoms in Extreme Asymmetric Geometry
ISBN:9781475797510
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783642742910:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction in Nonideal Crystals
Author(s): Mikhail A Krivoglaz
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (466 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-74291-0
Contents:1. Distribution of the Scattering Intensity. General Aspects -- 1.1 Diffraction Techniques for Analyzing Imperfections in Crystals -- 1.2 Kinematical Theory of Scattering -- 1.3 Scattering by Perfect Crystals of Finite Size -- 1.4
Scattering in Undistorted Crystals Containing Microscopic Cavities or Inclusions -- 1.5 Scattering by Crystals Containing Defects of Arbitrary Type. Classification of Defects -- 1.6 Harmonic Analysis of the X-Ray Line Shapes -- 2.
Static Displacements in Crystals with Bounded Defects -- 2.1 Fluctuation Waves of Defects Concentration and Static Displacements -- 2.2 Macroscopic Theory for the Static Displacement Waves -- 2.3 Microscopic Theory for the Static
Displacement Waves -- 2.4 Static Displacement Fields Around Bounded Defects -- 2.5 Static Distortions in Quasi-One-Dimensional and Quasi-Two-Dimensional Crystals -- 3. Positions and Intensities of Regular Reflection Peaks -- 3.1 Shift
of X-Ray Lines in Imperfect Crystals and the Determination of Defect Concentrations -- 3.2 Regular Reflection Intensities in Perfect Crystals -- 3.3 Effect of Static Displacements on Intensities of Regular Reflections -- 3.4 Effect of
Thermal Vibrations in Imperfect Crystals -- 3.5 Debye-Waller Factors in Dynamical Diffraction Effects -- 4. Diffuse Scattering of X-Rays and Neutrons by Crystal Defects -- 4.1 Weakly Distorted Crystals -- 4.2 Effects of Groups of Point
Defects, New-Phase Particles, or Small-Radius Dislocation Loops -- 4.3 Intensity Distribution for Scattering by Strongly Distorted Crystals with Finite Defects -- 4.4 Strongly Anisotropic Crystals -- 4.5 Effect of Finite Defects in
Thin Films and Surface Layers on X-Ray Scattering -- 5. Scattering of X-Ray and Neutrons in Crystals with Dislocations -- 5.1 Broadening of Peaks by Randomly Distributed Defects of the Second Class -- 5.2 Effect of Nonrandom
Dislocation Arrangement on Scattering Intensity Distribution -- 5.3 Diffraction Methods of Investigation of Dislocation Ensembles -- Appendices -- A. Cumulant Expansion -- B. Equations for Amplitudes of Static Displacement Waves for
Various Crystal and Defect Symmetries -- D. Mean Squares of Static Displacements in fee Crystals -- for Strongly Deformed Crystals Containing Limited-Size Defects -- F. Calculation of T(?) for Homogeneous Dislocation Ensemble --
References
ISBN:9783642742910
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Crystallography , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783642614002:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Concepts in Surface Physics
Author(s): M.-C Desjonquères
Date:1996
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (607 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-61400-2
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Thermodynamical and Statistical Properties of Clean Surfaces -- 2.1 Thermodynamics of a Surface at Equilibrium -- 2.2 Equilibrium Shape of a Crystal -- 2.3 Facetting -- 2.4 The Roughening Transition -- Problems
-- 3. Atomic Structure of Surfaces -- 3.1 Surface Crystallography -- 3.2 Experimental Techniques -- Problems -- 4. Vibrations at Surfaces -- 4.1 Elastic Forces in Crystals -- 4.2 Bulk Modes -- 4.3 Surface Modes -- 4.4 Spectral
Densities of Modes -- 4.5 Vibrational Thermodynamical Functions -- 4.6 Mean Square Displacements -- Problems -- 5. Electronic Structure of Surfaces -- 5.1 Jellium Model -- 5.2 Nearly Free Electron Model-Surface States -- 5.3
Tight-Binding Approximation -- 5.4 Application of the Tight-Binding Approximation to Transition Metal Surfaces -- 5.5 Application of the Tight-Binding Approximation to Semiconductor Surfaces -- 5.6 Other Methods -- 5.7 Surface Plasmons
in Metals -- 5.8 Image Potential -- 5.9 Some Further Remarks on Exchange and Correlation Energies -- 5.10 Experimental Techniques for Investigating the Electronic Structure -- Problems -- 6. Adsorption Phenomena -- 6.1 Thermodynamical
Approach -- 6.2 Statistical Methods -- 6.3 Physisorption -- 6.4 Chemisorption -- 6.5 Interactions Between Adsorbates -- 6.6 Electronic Structure of Ordered Overlayers. An Example: O on Ni(100) -- Problems -- Appendices -- A. Theory of
Scattering by a Spherical Potential: Brief Summary -- A.1 Solution of the Schrödinger Equation for a Particle in a Spherical Potential -- A.2 Scattering of a Free Particle by a Spherical Potential -- A.3 Friedel’s Sum Rule -- B. The
Continued Fraction Technique -- B.1 Principle of the Recursion Method -- B.2 Principle of the Moment Method -- B.3 Practical Calculations -- C. Electromagnetic Waves in Matter -- C.1 Brief Summary of Maxwell Equations in Vacuum -- C.2
Maxwell Equations and Dielectric Properties in a Homogeneous and Isotropic Medium -- C.3 An Equivalent Description of the Dielectric Properties of a Homogeneous and Isotropic Medium: Longitudinal and Transverse Dielectric Functions --
D. Calculation of the Variation of the Total Energy Due to a Perturbing External Charge Distribution Within the Density Functional Formalism -- E. Useful Relations for the Study of Many Body Interactions -- E.1 Relation Between the
Expectation Value of the Interaction Energy and the Total Energy for a System of Interacting Particle -- E.2 Derivation of the Fredholm Formula -- F. Interaction of an Electron With an Electromagnetic Field and Theory of Angle-Resolved
Ultra-Violet Photoemission (UPS) -- F.1 The Optical Matrix Element -- F.2 Expression of the Photoemitted Current in UPS -- F.2.1 Some Useful Relations -- F.2.2 Calculation of the Photoemitted Current in UPS -- F.3 Conservation of the
Wave Vector in Photoemission -- G. Calculation of the Current in a Scanning Tunneling Microscope -- H. Calculation of the Atomic Dynamic Polarizability -- I. Variation of the Density of States Due to a Perturbing Potential -- J. Energy
of Chemisorption in the Anderson-Grimley-Newns Model Using Contour Integrals -- K. Elastic Constants and Elastic Waves in Cubic Crystals -- K.1 Elastic Strain -- K.2 Elastic Stress -- K.3 Elastic Constants -- K.4 Propagation of Elastic
Waves in Cubic Crystals -- K.5 Elastic Energy -- References
ISBN:9783642614002
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Condensed matter , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781489915344:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to the Theory of X-Ray and Electronic Spectra of Free Atoms
Author(s): Romas Karazija
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (314 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-1534-4
Contents:1 Fundamentals of Atomic Theory. The One-Configuration Approximation -- 2 Correlation Methods in Atomic Theory -- 3 The Structure of Atomic Electron Shells. Configurations with Vacancies -- 4 The Creation of Excited States -- 5 X-Ray
Absorption Spectra -- 6 Photoelectron Spectra -- 7 Characteristic Emission Spectra -- 8 Auger Spectra -- 9 The width and Shape of the Lines. The Fluorescence Yield -- 10 Bremsstrahlung and X-Ray Scattering -- Appendices -- References
ISBN:9781489915344
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Atoms , Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461304197:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory and Applications of the Cluster Variation and Path Probability Methods
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (435 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0419-7
Contents:Problems in the Foundation of the Path Probability Method: Path Probability Function and Entropy Production -- Ising Model and Kinetic Mean Field Theories -- Kinetic Path and Fluctuation Calculated by the PPM -- Time Development of
Fluctuations in the PPM -- Universal Dynamic Response in Solid Electrolytes: Formalism of the Path Probability Method as Applied to Transport Properties -- Cluster Variational Approach to Non-Equilibrium Lattice Models --
Coherent-Anomaly Method and its Applications -- Cluster Variation and Cluster Statics -- The Cluster Variation Method, the Effective Field Method and the Method of Integral Equation on the Regular and Random Ising Model -- CVM, CCM,
and QCVM -- The Cluster Expansion Method -- Lattice Models and Cluster Expansions for the Prediction of Oxide Phase Diagrams and Defect Arrangements -- Diffuse Scattering of Neutrons in Ni3V and Pt3V: Test of the Gamma Expansion Method
Approximation in a Degenerate Case -- Cluster Variation Method Applications to Large Ising Aggregates -- Thermodynamic Properties of Coherent Interphase Boundaries in fcc Substitutional Alloys -- Efficient CVM Methods to Study
Interphase Boundary Properties -- Ordering of Oxygen Atoms in YBa2Cu3O6+x: Long–Range Coulomb Repulsions -- Application of CVM Continuous Atomic Displacement Formulation to the Fracture Problem -- CVM Calculations in Binary and Ternary
bcc or fcc Phases -- The CVM and Inverse CVM: Examples in Transition-Metal Alloys and Compounds -- Application of Cluster Variation Method to Image Restoration Problem -- Cluster Approach to Pattern Recognition -- Cluster Expansion
Using Boolean Partition Lattices
ISBN:9781461304197
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Materials science , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783662031308:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond Quasicrystals Les Houches, March 7–18, 1994
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (619 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-03130-8
Contents:Quasicrystals ... -- Course 1 Quasicrystals, diophantine approximation and algebraic numbers -- Course 2 The pentacrystals -- Course 3 Elements of a multimetrical crystallography -- Course 4 Non-commutative models for quasicrystals --
Course 5 From quasiperiodic to more complex systems -- Course 6 Matching rules and quasiperiodicity: the octagonal tilings -- Course 7 A mechanism for diffusion in quasicrystals -- Course 8 Experimental aspects of the structure
analysis of aperiodic materials -- Course 9 Scattering on aperiodic superlattices -- Course 10 Defects in quasicrystals, in systems with deterministic disorder and in amorphous materials -- ...and Beyond -- Course 11 Automata and
automatic sequences -- Course 12 Spectral study of automatic and substitutive sequences -- Course 13 Random and automatic walks -- Course 14 Singular words, invertible substitutions and local isomorphisms -- Course 15 Entropy in
deterministic and random systems -- Course 16 Trace maps -- Course 17 Schrödinger difference equation with deterministic ergodic potentials -- Course 18 Schrödinger equation in a hierarchical potential -- Course 19 Introduction to
multifractal analysis -- Appendix 1. Legendre transforms -- Appendix 2. Large deviations -- Annexes -- Current deterministic sequences -- Extra references
ISBN:9783662031308
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Centre de Physique des Houches : 3
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Crystallography , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Crystallography , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783540491071:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interaction of Gases with Surfaces Detailed Description of Elementary Processes and Kinetics
Author(s): Alexander V Bogdanov
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (133 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-49107-1
Contents:Inelastic Scattering of Molecules from Crystal Surfaces -- General Semiclassical Theory of Gas—Surface Scattering -- Dynamic Structural Factors of Phonon Scattering -- Multiphonon Scattering -- Scattering from Rough Surfaces --
Concluding Remarks on Quasiclassical Approach to Gas-Surface Scattering -- Microscopic Models of Detailed Kinetics of Adsorption -- Microscopic Models of Detailed Kinetics -- Physical Models of Elementary Processes, Transition
Probabilities, and Kinetic Coefficients -- Different Regimes of Adsorption Kinetics -- Equilibrium and Quasiequilibrium Solutions to the LG Model -- Thermodynamical Description of Adsorbed Layer Dynamics -- Phenomenological Models of
Thin Film Growth at Solid Surfaces -- Classical Model of Nucleation and Nuclei Growth at Substrate -- Lateral Growth of Island Films -- Calculations of Thin Films Growth Kinetics -- Kinetic Boundary Condition (KBC) and Inverse
Scattering Problem -- KBC for Distribution Function in Gas Phase -- Inverse Scattering Problem in Gas-Surface Interaction
ISBN:9783540491071
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics Monographs: 25
Keywords: Physics , Fluids , Atoms , Crystallography , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Crystallography , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781489913944:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 2
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (606 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-1394-4
Contents:Pulse Generation and Detection -- Guided-Wave Propagation of Terahertz-Bandwidth Electrical Pulses -- Nonlinear Wave Propagation Devices for Ultrafast Electronics -- Generation of Thz Radiation from Semiconductors -- Cluster
Engineering for Photoconductive Switches -- The Use of Optically Triggered, High-Gain GaAs Switches for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation -- Compact, Ultra-Wideband, Impulse Generators for Electro-Optical Applications -- High-Power,
Compact Ultra-Wideband Puiser -- High-Power Impulse Generators for UWB Applications -- Measurements of Dielectric Properties of Liquids -- Transmission and Scattering of Short EM Pulses -- Ultrafast Switching at the U.S. Army Pulse
Power Center -- Broadband Electronic Systems and Components -- Environmental Logging with a Borehole Radar Tool -- Evolution of the Army Research Laboratory Ultra-Wideband Test Bed -- Ultra-Wideband Impulse SAR for Foliage and Ground
Penetration -- Ultra-High-Resolution Radar Development -- Coherent Sea Clutter Signatures Observed with a High-Resolution X-Band Radar -- Ultra-Wideband, Polarimetric Radar Studies of Spilling Breakers -- Antennas -- Impulse Radiating
Antennas, Part II -- Axial Field of a TEM-Fed UWB Reflector Antenna: PO/PTD Construction -- Ultra-Wideband Impulse Receiving Antenna Design and Evaluation -- The Reception of Short Pulses by Antennas: FDTD Results and Reciprocity --
Antennas and Electric Field Sensors for Time Domain Measurements: An Experimental Investigation -- Ultra-Wideband Antenna for High-Power Operation -- Two-Dimensional Tapered Periodic Edge Treatments for Broadband Diffraction Reduction
-- Tapered Periodic Surfaces: A Basic Building Block for Broadband Antenna Design -- Pulse Propagation and Guidance -- Derivation of Ultra-Wideband Full Wave Equivalent Circuits for Wirebond Interconnects Using the FDTD Method -- FDTD
Method for Active and Passive Microwave Structures -- Dynamical Structure of the Precursor Fields in Linear Dispersive Pulse Propagation in Lossy Dielectrics -- Uniform Asymptotic Description of Gaussian Pulse Propagation of Arbitrary
Initial Pulse Width in a Linear, Causally Dispersive Medium -- Electromagnetic Energy Dissipation of Ultra-Wideband Plane Wave Pulses in a Causal, Dispersive Dielectric -- Propagation of UWB Electromagnetic Pulses through Dispersive
Media -- Distortion of Fast Pulses by Non-TEM Effects in Coaxial Cables -- Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Interaction with Matter: Dynamic Theoretical Approach -- Radiation Characteristics of Collimated, Ultra-Wideband, Volume Sources --
Calculations of Dispersion Curves and Transmission Spectra of Photonic Crystals: Comparisons with UWB Microwave Pulse Experiments -- An Ultra-Wideband Photonic Crystal -- Wave Hierarchies for Propagation in Dispersive Electromagnetic
Media -- A Time Domain Radar Range Equation -- Transmission of an Undistorted Broadband Pulsed-Sinc-Beam -- Maxwellian Analysis of the Pulsed Microwave Double Slit Experiment -- Scattering Theory and Computation -- Advances in
Finite-Difference Time-Domain Methods for Engineering Electromagnetics -- Anechoic Chamber Absorbing Boundary Condition for UWB Applications -- On the Foundation of the Transmission Line Matrix (TLM) Method -- Localized Short-Pulse
Scattering from Coated Cylindrical Objects: Experimental Measurements and Numerical Models -- Pulse Scattering by Rough Surfaces -- Short Pulse Scattering from Wires and Chaff Clouds -- Scattering of Short, Ultra-Wideband
Electromagnetic Pulses by Simple Targets with Reduced Radar Cross-Section -- On a Spline-Based Fast Integral Wavelet Transform Algorithm -- Utilization of Wavelet Concepts for Efficient Solution of Maxwell’s Equations -- Wavelet and
T-Pulses -- Extended Ray Analysis of Electromagnetic Wave Scattering from 3-D Smooth Objects -- Time Domain Scattering Theory: The Physical Optics Approximation -- A New Approach to the Solution of Problems of Scattering by Bounded
Obstacles -- Concepts in Transient/Broadband Electromagnetic Target Identification -- Time-Frequency Processing of Wideband Radar Echo: From Fixed Resolution to Multiresolution and Superresolution -- Radar Identification and Detection
Using Ultra-Wideband/ Short-Pulse Radars -- Analysis of Dispersive Radar Scattering Mechanisms from Measured Data -- Inverse Scattering and Imaging Using Broadband Time-Domain Data -- High Resolution 2-D Imaging with Spectrally Thinned
Wideband Waveforms -- Adaptive Processing for Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Radar -- Measuring Moving Target Speed and Angle in Ultra-Wideband Radar -- Extraction of Resonant Modes from Scattered Noisy Data -- Generation of Broadband Data
from Narrowband Information
ISBN:9781489913944
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Complexity, Computational , Electrical engineering , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Electrical Engineering , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781461579397:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure Determination by X-Ray Crystallography
Author(s): M. F. C Ladd
Date:1995
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (502 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7939-7
Contents:1 Crystal Geometry. I -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Crystalline State -- 1.3 Stereographic Projection -- 1.4 External Symmetry of Crystals -- Problems -- 2 Crystal Geometry.II -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Lattices -- 2.3 Families of
Planes and Interplanar Spacings -- 2.4 Reciprocal Lattice -- 2.5 Rotational Symmetries of Lattices -- 2.6 Space Groups -- Problems -- 3 Preliminary Examination of Crystals by Optical and X-Ray Methods -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2
Polarized Light -- 3.3 Optical Classification of Crystals -- 3.4 Direction of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals -- 3.5 X-Ray Techniques -- 3.6 Recognition of Crystal System -- Problems -- 4 Intensity of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals
-- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Path Difference -- 4.3 Mathematical Representation of a Wave: Amplitude and Phase -- 4.4 Combination of Two Waves -- 4.5 Argand Diagram -- 4.6 Combination of N Waves -- 4.7 Combined Scattering of X-Rays from
the Contents of the Unit Cell -- 4.8 Structure Factor -- 4.9 Intensity Expressions -- 4.10 Phase Problem in Structure Analysis -- 4.11 Applications of the Structure Factor Equation -- 4.12 Preliminary Structure Analysis -- Problems --
5 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. I -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Analysis of the Unit-Cell Contents -- 5.3 Two Early Structure Analyses Revisited -- Problems -- 6 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. II -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2
Fourier Series -- 6.3 Representation of Crystal Structures by Fourier Series -- 6.4 Methods of Solving the Phase Problem -- Problems -- 7 Direct Methods and Refinement -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Direct Methods of Phase Determination --
7.3 Patterson Search Methods -- 7.4 Least-Squares Refinement -- 7.5 Molecular Geometry -- 7.6 Precision -- 7.7 Correctness of a Structure Analysis -- 7.8 Limitations of X-Ray Structure Analysis -- 7.9 Disorder in Single Crystals --
Problems -- 8 Examples of Crystal Structure Analysis -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Crystal Structure of 2-Bromobenzo[b]indeno[1,2-e]pyran (BBIP) -- 8.3 Crystal Structure of Potassium 2-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxocyclobut-1-ene-1-olate Monohydrate
(KHSQ) -- 8.4 Concluding Remarks -- Problems -- A.1 Stereoviews and Crystal Models -- A1.1 Stereoviews -- A1.2 Model of a Tetragonal Crystal -- A1.3 Stereoscopic Space-Group Drawings -- A.2 Crystallographic Point-Group Study and
Recognition Scheme -- A.3 Schoenflies’ Symmetry Notation -- A3.1 Alternating Axis of Symmetry -- A3.2 Notation -- A.4 Generation and Properties of X-Rays -- A4.1 X-Rays and White Radiation -- A4.2 Characteristic X-Rays -- A4.3
Absorption of X-Rays -- A4.4 Filtered Radiation -- A.5 Crystal Perfection and Intensity Measurement -- A5.1 Crystal Perfection -- A5.2 Intensity of Reflected Beam -- A5.3 Intensity Measurements -- A5.3.1 Film Measurements -- A5.3.2
Diffractometer Geometry and Data Collection -- A5.4 Data Processing -- A5.4.1 Introduction -- A5.4.2 Standard Deviation of Intensity -- A5.4.3 Absorption Corrections -- A5.4.4 Scaling -- A5.4.5 Merging Equivalent Reflections -- A5.5
Synchrotron Radiation -- A.6 Transformations -- A.7 Comments on Some Orthorhombic and Monoclinic Space Groups -- A7.1 Orthorhombic Space Groups -- A7.2 Monoclinic Space Groups -- A.8 Vector Algebraic Relationships in Reciprocal Space
-- A8.1 Introduction -- A8.2 Reciprocal Lattice -- A8.2.1 Interplanar Spacings -- A8.2.2 Reciprocity of Unit Cell Volumes -- A8.2.3 Angle between Bravais Lattice Planes -- A8.3 X-Ray Diffraction and the Reciprocal Lattice -- A8.3.1
Bragg’s Equation -- A8.4 Laue Photographs -- A8.5 Crystal Setting -- A8.5.1 Setting Technique -- A.9 Intensity Statistics -- A9.1 Weighted Reciprocal Lattice -- A9.1.1 Laue Symmetry -- A9.1.2 Systematic Absences -- A9.1.3 Accidental
Absences -- A9.1.4 Enhanced Averages -- A9.1.5 Special Distributions -- A.10 Enantiomorph Selection -- Solutions
ISBN:9781461579397
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Organic chemistry , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642974847:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Concepts in Surface Physics
Author(s): M.-C Desjonquères
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (565 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97484-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Thermodynamical and Statistical Properties of Clean Surfaces -- 2.1 Thermodynamics of a Surface at Equilibrium -- 2.2 Equilibrium Shape of a Crystal -- 2.3 Facetting -- 2.4 The Roughening Transition -- 3. Atomic
Structure of Surfaces -- 3.1 Surface Crystallography -- 3.2 Experimental Techniques -- 4. Vibrations at Surfaces -- 4.1 Elastic Forces in Crystals -- 4.2 Bulk Modes -- 4.3 Surface Modes -- 4.4 Spectral Densities of Modes -- 4.5
Vibrational Thermodynamical Functions -- 4.6 Mean Square Displacements -- 5. Electronic Structure of Surfaces -- 5.1 Jellium Model -- 5.2 Nearly Free Electron Model-Surface States -- 5.3 Tight-Binding Approximation -- 5.4 Application
of the Tight-Binding Approximation to Transition Metal Surfaces -- 5.5 Application of the Tight-Binding Approximation to Semiconductor Surfaces -- 5.6 Other Methods -- 5.7 Surface Plasmons in Metals -- 5.8 Image Potential -- 5.9 Some
Further Remarks on Exchange and Correlation Energies -- 5.10 Experimental Techniques for Investigating the Electronic Structure -- 6. Adsorption Phenomena -- 6.1 Thermodynamical Approach -- 6.2 Statistical Methods -- 6.3 Physisorption
-- 6.4 Chemisorption -- 6.5 Interactions Between Adsorbates -- 6.6 Electronic Structure of Ordered Overlayers. An Example: O on Ni(100) -- Appendices -- A. Theory of Scattering by a Spherical Potential: Brief Summary -- A.l Solution of
the Schrödinger Equation for a Particle in a Spherical Potential -- A.2 Scattering of a Free Particle by a Spherical Potential -- A. 3 Friedel’s Sum Rule -- B. The Continued Fraction Technique -- B. l Principle of the Recursion Method
-- B.2 Principle of the Moment Method -- B. 3 Practical Calculations -- C. Electromagnetic Waves in Matter -- C. l Brief Summary of Maxwell Equations in Vacuum -- C.2 Maxwell Equations and Dielectric Properties in a Homogeneous and
Isotropic Medium -- C.3 An Equivalent Description of the Dielectric Properties of a Homogeneous and Isotropic Medium: Longitudinal and Transverse Dielectric Functions -- D. Calculation of the Variation of the Total Energy Due to a
Perturbing External Charge Distribution Within the Density Functional Formalism -- E. Useful Relations for the Study of Many Body Interactions -- E. 1 Relation Between the Expectation Value of the Interaction Energy and the Total
Energy for a System of Interacting Particles -- E. 2 Derivation of the Fredholm Formula -- F. Interaction of an Electron With an Electromagnetic Field and Theory of Angle-Resolved Ultra-Violet Photoemission (UPS) -- F. l The Optical
Matrix Element -- F.2 Expression of the Photoemitted Current in UPS -- F.2.1 Some Useful Relations -- F.2.2 Calculation of the Photoemitted Current in UPS -- F.3 Conservation of the Wave Vector in Photoemission -- G. Calculation of the
Current in a Scanning Tunneling Microscope -- H. Calculation of the Atomic Dynamic Polarizability -- I. Variation of the Density of States Due to a Perturbing Potential -- J. Energy of Chemisorption in the Anderson-Grimley-Newns Model
Using Contour Integrals -- K. Elastic Constants and Elastic Waves in Cubic Crystals -- K.1 Elastic Strain -- K.2 Elastic Stress -- K.3 Elastic Constants -- K.4 Propagation of Elastic Waves in Cubic Crystals -- References
ISBN:9783642974847
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 30
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9781461528708:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (542 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2870-8
Contents:Scanning the Conference -- Pulse Generation and Detection -- An Ultra-Wideband Optoelectronic THz Beam System -- Terahertz Radiation from Electro-Optic Crystals -- Photoconductive Semiconductor Switches for High Power Radiation --
Transient Scattering Measurements Using Photoconductively Switched Planar Antennas -- Photoconductive Switching-Revisited -- Broadband Electronic Systems and Components -- All-Electronic Subpicosecond Pulses for a 3 Terahertz
Free-Space Signal Generation Detection System -- Pulse Generation and Compression On a Travelling-Wave MMIC Schottky Diode Array -- Ultra-Wideband Impulse Electromagnetic Scattering Laboratory -- Scattering, Resonance, Creeping Wave,
Travelling Wave and All That: UWB Measurements of Various Targets -- An Overview of Sandia National Laboratories’ Plasma Switched, Gigawatt, Ultra-Wideband Impulse Transmitter Program -- Precursor of an Ultra-Wideband Radar System --
Multi-GHz Bandpass, High-Repetition Rate Single Channel Mobile Diagnostic System for Ultra-Wideband Applications -- An Impulse Radio Communications System -- Ultrawideband Clustered-Cavity™ Klystron -- Generation of a Frequency Chirped
Pulse Using Phase Velocity Transitions in a Rapidly Created Plasma -- Antennas and Arrays -- Impulse Radiating Antennas -- Accurate Modeling of Antennas for Radiating Short Pulses, FDTD Analysis and Experimental Measurements --
Wide-Bandwidth Radiation from Arrays of Endfire Tapered Slot Antennas -- The Far Field Synchronization of UWB Sources by Closed Loop Techniques -- Polarization Diverse Ultra-Wideband Antenna Technology -- Wideband Circularly Polarized
Aperture-Coupled Microstrip Antennas -- Low Cross-Polar, Short-Pulse Radiation Characteristics of Printed Antennas Covered by a Polarization Grating -- Reflector Antennas for Ultrawideband Usage -- Transient Lenses for Transmission
Systems and Antennas -- Pulse Propagation and Guidance -- Asymptotic Description of Electromagnetic Pulse Propagation in a Linear Dispersive Medium -- Wavepacket Solutions of the Time-Dependent Wave Equation in Homogeneous and in
Inhomogeneous Media -- Ultra-Wide Bandwidth, Multi-Derivative Electromagnetic Systems -- Ultrashort Pulse Response in Nonlinear Dispersive Media -- Modulation and Noise in Soliton Pulse Trains -- Deeper-Penetrating Waves in Lossy Media
-- On-Axis Fields from a Circular Uniform Surface Current -- Time Domain Characterization of Active Microwave Circuits — The FDTD Diakoptics Method -- Wide-Band Reduction of Coupling and Pulse Distortion in Multi-Conductor Integrated
Circuit Lines -- Preservation of the Shape of Ultra-Wide Band Pulses in MMIC Transmission lines by Using Frequency Dependent Substrates -- Modeling of Skin Effect in TLM -- On the Pulse Radiation from a Loaded Microstrip Line Using a
Space-Time Dyadic Green’s Function Approach -- Scattering Theory and Computation -- Phase Space Issues in Ultrawideband/Short Pulse Wave Modeling -- Progress in TLM Modeling of Time Discrete Fields at Conductor Strips, Edges and
Corners -- Continuous-Time Discretized-Space Approach to Modeling Short-Pulse Propagation and Scattering -- Phase Error Control for FD-TD Methods -- Signal-Processing Approach to Robust Time-Domain Modeling of Electromagnetic Fields --
Phase Space Analysis and Localization of Scattering By a Planar, Infinite, Weakly-Resonant Array Illuminated By a Very Short Plane Pulse -- On the Sharpest Possible Pulse That a Finite Radiator Can Generate -- Scattering Upon a Mixed
Dielectric-Conductor Body: A Time — Domain Approach -- Scattering of Iso-Diffractive Pulsed Beams from Randomly Irregular Surfaces -- An Analytic Continuation Method for the Ultra Broadband Determination of the Electromagnetic
Properties of Materials -- Diffraction at a Cone with Arbitrary Cross-Section -- Signal Processing Techniques -- Time-Frequency-Distribution Analysis of Frequency Dispersive Targets -- Scattering of Short EM-Pulses by Simple and
Complex Targets Using Impulse Radar -- Analysis of Time Domain Ultra Wideband Radar Signals -- Ultra-Wideband Electromagnetic Target Identification -- Radar Target Identification and Detection Using Short EM Pulses and the E-Pulse
Technique -- Stable Pole Extraction from Scattering Data -- On Using Scattering Statistics for Ultra Wideband Electromagnetic Target Classification and Identification -- Evaluation of a Causal Time Domain Response from Bandlimited
Frequency Domain Data -- Polarization Processing for Ultra Wideband Target Detection -- A Tomography-Based Approach for Imaging Radar Backscatter in Range Delay and Doppler -- A Simple Method for Over-Resolved Moving Target Detection
in Clutter
ISBN:9781461528708
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Complexity, Computational , Electrical engineering , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Electrical Engineering , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9781461517931:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure Determination by X-ray Crystallography
Author(s): M. F. C Ladd
Date:1993
Edition:Third Edition
Size:1 online resource (586 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-1793-1
Contents:1 Crystal Geometry.I -- 2 Crystal Geometry. II -- 3 Preliminary Examination of Crystals by Optical and X-ray Methods -- 4 Scattering of X-rays by Crystals -- 5 Fourier Transform Theory -- 6 Techniques in X-ray Structure Determination
-- 7 Direct Methods and Refinement -- 8 Examples of Crystal Structure Determination -- A1 Stereoviews and Crystal Models -- A1.1 Stereoviews -- A1.2 Model of a Tetragonal Crystal -- A2 Crystallographic Point-Group Study and Recognition
Scheme -- A3 Schoenflies’ Symmetry Notation -- A3.1 Alternating Axis of Symmetry -- A3.2 Notation -- A4 Generation and Properties of X-rays -- A4.1 X-rays and White Radiation -- A4.2 Characteristic X-rays -- A4.3 Absorption of X-rays
-- A4.4 Filtered Radiation -- A5 Crystal Perfection and Intensity Measurement -- A5.1 Crystal Perfection -- A5.2 Intensity of Reflected Beam -- A5.3 Intensity Measurements on Photographs -- A5.4 Data Processing -- A5.4.1 Introduction
-- A5.4.2 Standard Deviation of Intensity -- A5.4.3 Absorption Corrections -- A5.4.4 Scaling -- A5.4.5 Merging Equivalent Reflections -- A6 Transformations -- A7 Comments on Some Orthorhombic and Monoclinic Space Groups -- A7.1
Orthorhombic Space Groups -- A7.2 Monoclinic Space Groups -- A8 Vector Algebraic Relationships in Reciprocal Space -- A8.1 Introduction -- A8.2 Reciprocal Lattice -- A8.2.1 Interplanar Spacings -- A8.2.2 Volume of a Parallelepipedon --
A8.2.3 Reciprocity of Unit-Cell Volumes -- A8.2.4 Angle between Bravais Lattice Planes -- A8.2.5 Reciprocity of F and I Unit Cells -- A8.3 X-ray Diffraction and the Reciprocal Lattice -- A8.3.1 Bragg’s Equation -- A8.4 Crystal Setting
-- A8.4.1 Setting Technique -- A9 Intensity Statistics -- A9.1 Weighted Reciprocal Lattice -- A9.1.1 Laue Symmetry -- A9.1.2 Systematic Absences -- A9.1.3 Accidental Absences -- A9.1.4 Enhanced Averages -- A9.1.5 Special Distributions
-- A10 Enantiomorph Selection -- A11 Analytical Geometry of Direction Cosines -- A11.1 Direction Cosines of a Line -- A11.2 Angle between Two Lines -- A12 The Stereographic Projection of a Circle Is a Circle -- A13 Setting a Crystal
for Precession Photography -- A13.1 Setting a Crystal Axis Parallel to the X-ray Beam -- A13.2 Setting a Reciprocal Lattice Row Horizontally -- A13.3 Screen Setting -- A14 Synchrotron Radiation -- Solutions
ISBN:9781461517931
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642771446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface X-Ray and Neutron Scattering Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, Physik Zentrum, Bad Honnef, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 25–28, 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (256 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-77144-6
Contents:Conference Summary -- I Surface Crystallography and Phase Transitions -- Surface X-Ray Crystallography and STM Images -- Determination of Metal Adsorbed Surfaces by X-Ray Diffraction -- Au Adsorption on Si(111) Studied by Grazing
Incidence X-Ray Diffraction -- Grazing Incidence X-Ray Scattering Study of Staircases of Steps on Si(001) Surfaces -- Structure and Phase Transitions of Ge(111) and Si(111) Surfaces at High Temperatures -- Anomalous Scattering Applied
to Co/Si(111) Interface Structure -- X-Ray Reflectivity Studies of Au Surfaces -- Crystal Truncation Rod as a Convolution of Three-Dimensional Bravais Lattice with X-Ray Reflectivity -- Extended X-Ray Reflectivity Analysis of
Si(111)7×7 -- Critical Phenomena at Surfaces and Interfaces -- Surface-Induced Order Observed on a Cu3Au(001) Surface -- Thermal Dynamics of (110) fcc Metal Surfaces -- Facet Coexistence in the Roughening Transition of Ag(110) --
Kinetics of Ordering with Random Impurities: Pb on Ni(001) -- II Reflectivity -- Anomalous Reflectivity: A New Method for Determining Density Profiles of Thin Films -- Specular and Diffuse Scattering Studies of Multilayer Interfaces --
Scattering Cross-Section of X-Rays and Neutrons for Grazing Incidence onto Thin Films -- Total Neutron Reflection: Experiments and Analysis -- Profile Refinement in Neutron Reflectivity and Grazing Angle Diffraction -- III Surface
X-Ray Standing Waves -- X-Ray Standing Wave Studies of the Liquid/Solid Interface and Ultrathin Organic Films -- Glancing-Incidence X-Ray Analysis of Layered Materials -- Investigation of the Heavy-Atom Distribution in a
Langmuir-Blodgett Film by an X-Ray Total External Reflection and Fluorescence Study -- A Structural Investigation of an Ultra-Thin Langmuir-Blodgett Film by an X-Ray Standing Wave Excited in a LSM Substrate Under the Bragg Diffraction
Condition -- IV Liquid Surfaces -- The Structure of Self-Assembled Monolayers -- Behenic Acid as a Structural Model for Fatty Acid Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface: An X-Ray Diffraction Study -- X-Ray Scattering Studies of Organic
Monolayers on Electrolytic Solutions: Arachidic Acid on CdCl2 -- The Phases of Phosphatidyl Ethanolamine Monolayers -- X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Fatty Acid Monolayers on the Surface of Water -- Protein Recognition Processes at
Functionalized Lipid Surfaces: A Neutron Reflectivity Study -- Neutron Reflection from Liquid/Liquid Interfaces -- Polymer Interfaces Analysed on a Nanometer Scale: X-Ray and Neutron Reflectometry -- Neutron Reflection from Polymers
Adsorbed at the Solid/Liquid Interface -- V Electrochemistry -- Electrochemical Roughening of Au(110) Single Crystal Electrodes -- VI Thin Films and Multilayers -- Reflectivity Studies of Thin Au Films and Au Bicrystals with Grain
Boundaries -- Depth Resolved Diffuse Scattering from Buried CoSi2 Layers in Silicon -- Glancing Angle X-Ray Techniques for the Analysis of Ion Beam Modified Surfaces -- Surface Analysis of Borkron Glass for Neutron Applications --
X-Ray Bragg Reflectivity of ErAs Epitaxial Films -- Measurement of Magnetic Field Penetration Depth in Niobium Polycrystalline Films by the Polarized Neutron Reflection Method -- Neutron Reflectivity Studies on Superconducting,
Magnetic and Absorbing Thin Films on the Polarized Neutron Spectrometer at the Pulsed Reactor IBR-2 -- Magnetic Properties of Ultrathin Co/Ag Films Investigated by Polarised Neutron Reflection -- Depth Selective Real Structure Analysis
of Semiconductor Superlattices Using Grazing Incidence X-Ray Diffraction -- Investigation of Interfaces with Grazing Incidence Neutron Radiation -- Roughness Characterization of the Surface and Interface of MBE-Grown Thin Films -- VII
Instrumentation and Methods -- Neutron Diffraction Under Grazing Incidence: Recent Results from the Evanescent Wave Diffractometer -- Analytical Calculation of the Resolution Correction Function for X-Ray Surface Structure Analysis at
High Exit Angles -- Neutron Double Crystal Diffractometry — A Precise Method for Surface Investigations -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642771446
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 61
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Crystallography , Engineering , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Crystallography , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781461534662:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories Volume 3
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (510 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3466-2
Contents:Section I: Nuclear Theory -- The Once and Future Nuclear Many-Body Problem -- Fermi Liquid and “QCD” Aspects of the Nucleus -- Inclusive Scattering and FSI in Nuclear Matter -- Variational Monte Carlo Calculations of Finite Nuclei --
Relativistic Nuclear Many-Body Theory -- Continuum Bound States — New Phenomena within QED -- Uncharged States of Two-Dimensional Lattice Gauge Hamiltonians -- Section II: Condensed Matter -- Correlations in Quantum Spin Chains and
Lattices: A Fully Microscopic Many-Body Approach -- Clusters — A Link between Condensed Matter Physics and Nuclear Physics -- Quantum Interference Phenomena in Strong Localization -- Many-Body Problems in High Temperature
Superconductivity -- Point Defect Disorder in Models of High Temperature Superconductivity -- Section III: Quantum Fluids and Solids -- A Few Remarks on Quantum Fluids -- Variational Theory of 3He-4He Mixtures: Equation of State and
Stability -- On Shadow Wave Functions for Condensed Phases of Helium -- HNC Theory for Shadow Wave Functions -- Section IV: Atomic Many-Body -- Many-Body Problems in Atomic Physics -- Many Body Effects in Fast Ion-Atom Collisions --
Extension of Coupled Cluster Methodology to Open Shells: State Universal Approach -- Monte Carlo Calculations of Atoms, Molecules, and Ions -- Section V: Models And Methods -- Exact Questions to Some Interesting Answers in Many Body
Physics -- Inhomogeneous Parquet Theory -- Quantum Phase Transitions in Bosonic Systems -- Collective Computation of Many-Body Properties by Neural Networks -- The Colloidal Many Body Problem: Colloidal Suspensions as Hard Sphere
Fluids -- Applications of Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods in Computational Many-Body Physics -- Section VI: Computational and Monte Carlo Methods -- Green’s Function Monte Carlo for Fermions -- Monte Carlo Calculation of the
Ground and Excited State Structures of 4He Clusters -- Monte Carlo Approaches to Effective Field Theories -- Quantum Monte Carlo Study of Symmetry Breaking in a Double-Well Chain -- Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations on Materials: Tests
on Crystalline Silicon and the Sodium Dimer -- Incommensurate Solid Monolayer of 3He Adsorbed on Grafoil: Generalized Heisenberg Model with Exchange Frequencies Evaluated by Path Integral Techniques -- Massively-Parallel Realizations
of Self-Consistent Perturbation Theories -- Computer Simulation of Network Glasses and Molecular Dynamics Algorithm on SIMD and MIMD Machines -- Section VII: Feenberg Medal Presentation and Summary -- Achievements in Solid State
Physics and Density Functional Theory -- Conference Summary
ISBN:9781461534662
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781461533528:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Condensed Matter Theories
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (425 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3352-8
Contents:I. Formal Methods -- Requantization in the Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock Method -- A Reaction Theory and the Relation Between Widths and Energy Shifts -- The Control of Chaos -- Berry Phase and its Unitarily Invariant Generalization --
Natanzon Potentials and Spectrum Generating Algebras -- Ground States of Finite Systems and Information Theory -- Information Theory and Quantum Wave Functions -- Decomposition of Signals and Information Theory -- Finite Temperature
Correlated Mean Field Treatments and Information Theory -- Dynamics of Quantum Inhibited Processes Through Repeated Measurements -- II. Classical and Quantum Fluids -- Features of HNC/0 Solutions for Symmetric Films of Liquid 4He at T
= 0 K -- Compressible Rayleigh-Benard Convection in a Hard Disks System -- Positron Annihilation as a Probe of Localized States in Fluids -- III. Electronic Systems, Atoms Amd Molecules -- Lower Bound Aspects of Fermion Density
Functionals -- Solution of the Ornstein-Zernike Equation for a Mixture of Sticky Hard Spheres and Yukawa Closure -- Dynamical Properties of Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems -- Z-Dependent Perturbation Theory and Complex Rotation Method
in Autoionizing States of Atoms -- Selfconsistent Semiclassical Mean Field -- A Simple Approach to Surface States in Covalent Crystals -- Scattering of Atomic Beams in Semiquantum Gases -- Attempts to Calculate the Structure and
Dynamics of Macromolecules -- The N-Representability Problem and the Local-Scaling Version of Density Functional Theory -- Atomic and Ionic Information Entropies -- IV. High-Tc Superconductivity -- Superconductivity in Ba1-x Kx Bi O3
Cubic Oxides -- Non. Conventional Superconductivity in BaPb1-xBixO3 and Ba1-xKxBiO3 -- The Essential Singularity in BCS Superconductivity Theory and the Gap-to-Tc Ratio -- Search of Superconductivity in Metal Clusters -- The Role of
Spin Occupancy in the Electron Gas Problem -- Local Pair Model for the Analysis of Tunneling and Photoemission Experiments in High Tc Superconductors: Superconducting Phase -- Grand-Canonical Description of the Hubbard Hamiltonian --
V. Stochastic Processes -- Reactant Segregation: The Effect of Strong Space Disorder in Diffusion-Limited Bimolecular Reactions -- Interaction Effects in the Toda Soliton Statistics -- Effects of Nonlinear Surface Diffusion on the
Scaling of Rough Surfaces -- VI. Nuclear and Particle Physics -- A Direct Approach to the Tamm-Dancoff Approximation -- Finite Size Effects in the Deconfinement Transition -- The Hyperspherical Harmonic Method Applied to 12C and 16O in
the ?-Particle Model -- Atomic Small Clusters and Their Correspondence to Nuclear Physics -- VII. Overwiew Talk -- Some Considerations on the Greenhouse Effect and Related Problems -- Contributors
ISBN:9781461533528
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Condensed Matter Theories : 7
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781489925909:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science and Technology of Nanostructured Magnetic Materials
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (720 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-2590-9
Contents:Thin Films, Surfaces and Interfaces -- Electronic Structure and Magnetism of Metal Surfaces, Overlayers and Interfaces -- Growth and Magnetic Properties of Metastable Structures -- Spin-Resolved Photoemission -- Correlation of
Crystalline and Electronic Structure in Epitaxial FCC-Cobalt Monolayers on Cu(100) -- Hybrid Ferromagnetic/Semiconductor Structures -- Mössbauer Studies of Ultrathin Magnetic Films of Fe/Ag(100) -- Spin-Dependence of Absorbed and
Reflected Current on Fe(110) -- MBE Growth of Metal/Semiconductor Interfaces -- Surface and Interface Magnetism -- Ferromagnetic Resonance Studies of BCC Epitaxial Ultrathin Fe(001)/Cu(001) Bilayers and Fe(001)/Cu(001)/Fe(001)
Trilayers -- Laser Ablation Deposition of Metallic Thin Films -- Exchange Coupled Films for Magneto-Optic Applications -- Temperature Dependence of Micromagnetic Domain Structure in Cobalt Films -- Hyperfine Interaction Techniques
Applied to the Study of Surfaces and Interfaces -- Surface Magnetostriction -- Multilayers -- Magnetic Rare Earth Artificial Metallic Superlattices -- X-Ray Characterization of Magnetic Multilayers and Superlattices -- The
Characterization of Interface Roughness and Other Defects in Multilayers by X-Ray Scattering -- Magnetism of Nanostructured Rare Earth Multilayers -- FMR Studies of Metallic Magnetic Thin Films in Layered Structures -- Compositionally
Modulated Magnetic Multilayers: Temperature- and Modulation-Dependent Properties -- Structural and Magnetic Properties of Epitaxial Co/Pd Superlattices -- First-Principles Calculation of the Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Energy of
ConPdm Multilayers -- Structural and Magnetic Studies in Co-Pt Multilayers -- Magnetic Properties of Hexagonal Fe/Ru Superlattices With Short Periodicity -- Magnetic Studies of Fe-Si Compositionally Modulated Thin Films -- Mössbauer
Spectroscopy of the Fe/Ni Interface -- Analysis of Amorphous Dysprosium-Transition Metal Nanoscale Magnetic Multilayers -- Transport Properties of Thin Metallic Films and Multilayers -- Domain Walls, Magnetic Domains And Techniques For
Their Observation -- Micromagnetics of Longitudinal Recording Media -- MO-Recording: The Switching Process and Its Relation to the Magnetic Properties of Thin Films -- Micromagnetic Computations of Magnetization Configurations --
Domain Walls and Wall Structure -- Domain Wall Multiplication in Amorphous Ferromagnetic Alloys -- Electron Microscope Methods for Imaging Internal Magnetic Fields at High Spatial Resolution -- Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Force
Microscopy Applied to Magnetic Materials -- Special Session on Spin-Polarized Vacuum Tunneling -- Magnetic Imaging Via Scanning Electron Microscopy with Polarization Analysis -- Atomic Scale Probe into High-Tc Superconductors Using
Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy -- Magnetic Anisotropy and Random Magnets -- Magnetic Anisotropy -- Random Anisotropy in Magnetic Materials -- Perpendicular and In-Plane Anisotropy in Amorphous Tb-Fe -- Magnetostriction in Amorphous
Ferromagnets -- Anderson Localization in 3-Dimensional Amorphous Alloys: Evolution with the Content of Magnetic Ions -- On the Law of Approach to Saturation in the Series of Amorphous Alloys a-Dyxd1?xNi -- Magnetoresistance of
Amorphous U1?xSbx Films -- Absence of Temperature-Driven First-Order Phase Transitions in Systems with Random Bonds -- Magnetic Semiconductors and Intermetallic Compounds -- Magnetic Behavior of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors --
Intermetallic Compounds and Crystal Field Interactions -- Crystal-Field and Exchange Interactions in Hard Magnetic Materials -- First Order Magnetization Processes -- Structure and Properties of Novel Ternary Fe-Rich Rare-Earth
Carbides -- Fine Particles -- Granular Solids -- Ultrafine Magnetic Particles -- Magnetic Nanometer Systems and Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Some Topics in Fine Particle Magnetism -- Mössbauer Studies of Fine Fe-Based Particles --
Mössbauer Studies of Fine Particles of Fe-Cr-B -- Chemical Preparation of Amorphous Fe-Cr-B Particles -- Composition and Structure of Fe-Ni-B Alloy Particles Prepared by Chemical Reduction with NaBH4 -- Quantum Effects in Ultrafine
Nd-Fe-B Particles -- Magnetization Reversal in Clusters of Magnetic Particles -- Electric and Magnetic Properties of Small Systems -- Existence of Frequency Cut-Off in the Spin Wave Spectrum of Small Magnetic Particles -- Magnetic
Hysteresis and Permanent Magnets -- Mechanically Alloyed Permanent Magnets -- Melt-Spun Magnets -- Solid NdFeB Magnets Made by Gas Atomization and Extrusion -- The Role of Microstructure in Permanent Magnets -- Lorentz Microscopy
Studies in Permanent Magnets -- Coercivity in Hard Magnetic Materials -- Micromagnetism and Magnetization Processes in Modern Magnetic Materials -- Micromagnetic Approach to Magnetic Hysteresis -- Magnetic Hysteresis in Disordered
Magnets -- Coercivity of Nanostructured Materials -- Magnetic Hysteresis of CoPt Films -- Technology and Applications of Permanent Magnets -- Author Index
ISBN:9781489925909
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 259
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Electrical engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Electrical Engineering , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781461536864:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Condensed Matter Theories
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (453 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3686-4
Contents:I. Formal Methods -- Artificial Neural Networks that Learn Many-Body Physics -- Quantum Statistical Microdynamics and Critical Phenomena -- Quantum Spin Lattice Models: a Coupled-Cluster Treatment -- Time Dependent Mean Field
Approximation in a Boson System -- Inhomogeneous Boson System Made Planar -- II. Quantum Fluids -- The Shape of Fluids -- Single Particle Properties of Atomic Deuterium -- Studies of the Critical Point of 4He -- The Spectral Function
of Bose Superfluids: a Sum Rule Approach -- III. Electronic Systems, Atoms and Molecules -- Collective Spin Waves in Maxwellian Electron Plasma -- Test of Density Functional Approximation for an Atom in a Strong Magnetic Field -- Ionic
Diffusion Phenomena in Superionic Conductors -- Electric Field Induced Solidification-Theory of Electro-Rheology Fluids -- Toward a Non-Born-Oppenheimer Density Functional Theory in the Context of Local-Scaling Transformations -- Bragg
Intensities and Diffuse Scattering in Ag2Se: a Molecular Dynamics Study -- IV. High-Tc Superconductivity -- Dynamics of the Anderson Model for Dilute Magnetic Alloys: a Quantum Monte Carlo and Maximum Entropy Study -- High Temperature
Superconductivity in an Exactly Solvable Model -- Cooper Pair Binding Energy and the BCS Gap Energy Revisited -- Coopers Pairs, Local Pairs, and TF-Scaled High-Tc Superconductivity -- Electron-Hole Liquid Model for High
Tc-Superconductivity -- MEP Approach to the Anderson-Hubbard Model -- V. Lattice Theories -- Correlated Lattice Fermions in High Dimensions -- Cluster Gutzwiller Approximation -- The U(1)3 Lattice Gauge Vacuum -- Electronic
Diamagnetism in Two-Dimensional Lattices -- Nuclear Physics and QCD -- Meson-Meson Scattering as a Many-Body Problem -- Alpha-Nucleus Interaction from an Inverse Scattering and Energy-Density Formalism -- Spin and Tensor Correlations
in Model Nuclear Matter -- On Narrow ? Hypernuclear States with Positive Energy -- Electromagnetic Response in Nuclear Matter and Complex Nuclei -- Use of Correlated Hyperspherical Harmonic Basis for Strongly Interacting Systems --
Variational Cluster Methods in Coordinate Space for Small Systems: Center of Mass Corrections Made Easy -- Short—Range Correlations and Single—Particle Spectral Functions in Nuclear Matter -- Functional Techniques in the Many-Body
Problem: the Longitudinal Nuclear Response function -- Contributors and Participants
ISBN:9781461536864
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Condensed Matter Theories : 6
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781461536581:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutron Diffraction of Magnetic Materials
Author(s): Yu. A Izyumov
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (350 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3658-1
Contents:1 Theory of Symrnetry of Magnetically Ordered Crystals -- 1. Space Groups of Crystals -- 2. Irreducible Representations of Space Groups -- 3. Shubnikov Groups of Crystals with Magnetic Order -- 4. Representations of Shubnikov Groups
-- 5. Classification Methods of Magnetic Structures -- 6. Insufficiency of the Description of the Symmetry of Magnetic Bodies with the Aid of Shubnikov Groups -- 7. Colored Magnetic Symmetry -- 2 Symmetry Analysis of Magnetic
Structures on the Basis of the Theory of Representations -- 8. Reducible Representations of aSpace Group on the Basis of Localized Atomic Functions -- 9. The Basis Functions of the Irreducible Representations of the Space Groups -- 10.
The Concept of Phase Transitions in the Description of Magnetic Structures -- 11. Construction of Magnetic Structures from the Basis Functions -- 12. Symmetry Analysis of the Exchange Hamiltonian -- 3 Examples of the Symmetry Analysis
of Magnetic Structures -- 13. The Magnetic Structures of the Orthoferrites -- 14. Magnetic Structures in Crystals with the Group D3d6 -- 15. Long-Period Magnetic Structures in Hexagonal Rare-Earth Metals -- 16. The Possible Magnetic
Structures of Spinels -- 4 Theoretical Principles of the Neutron Diffraction of Magnetic Structures -- 17. The Scattering of Neutrons by a Crystal with Magnetic Order -- 18. The Possible Types of Magnetic Lattices -- 19. Detennination
of the Transition Channel or of the Star of the Wave Vector from a System of Magnetic Reflections -- 20. Detenninations of a Magnetic Structure-The Second Stage of Neutron-Diffraction Work -- 21. The Features of Scattering at Modulated
Structure -- 22. The Scattering of Polarized Neutrons at Magnetic Structures -- 23. Domain Structures in Neutron Diffraction Studies of Magnetic Materials -- 24. The Magnetic Scattering of Neutrons in Crystals with Distorted Structures
-- 5 Intensity of Magnetic Reflections -- 25. The Atomic Form Factor of Magnetic Scattering -- 26. Methods of Separating the Magnetic Component in Neutron Scattering -- 27. Factors Influencing Intensity -- 6 Examples of
Neutron-Diffraction Research on Magnetic Structures -- 28. Types of Magnetic Order in a Face-Centered Cubic Lattice -- 29. Garnets with Magnetic Ions in an Octahedral Sublattice -- 30. Garnets with Magnetic Ions in the Tetrahedral
Sublattice -- 31. Garnets with Magnetic Ions in a Dodecahedral Sublattice -- 32. Garnets with Magnetic Ions in Several Sublattices -- Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9781461536581
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400906655:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Advances in Fourier Analysis and Its Applications
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (688p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0665-5
Contents:I: Chemical, Physical and Biomedical Applications -- A Minimal Principle in the Direct Methods of X-ray Crystallography -- Fourier Shape Analysis of Anatomic Structures -- Harmonic Analysis of the Semi-Classical Limit -- Fourier
Transform in non-Euclidean Space and its Applications to Physics -- Complex Finite Fourier Transform Techniques Applied to Thermal Energy Storage Problems -- Spline Interpolation of Data of Power Growth -- II: Polynomials with
Restricted Coefficients -- Properties on the Unit Circle of Polynomials with Unimodular Coefficients -- On the Maximum Modulus for a Certain Class of Unimodular Trigonometric Polynomials -- Number Theory and Fourier Analysis
Applications in Physics, Acoustics and Computer Science -- Functions of Modulus 1 on Zn Whose Fourier Transforms Have Constant Modulus, and “Cyclic n-Roots” -- III: Fourier Analysis in Engineering -- Uncertainty Principle Inequalities
and Spectrum Estimation -- The Generalized Pencil-of-Function Method for Extracting Poles from Transient Responses -- Application of Conjugate Gradient Method and FFT to Electromagnetics and Signal Processing Problems -- On the
Application of Fourier Transformation in Antenna Measurements -- Computations in X-ray Crystallography -- A New Approach to Irregular Sampling of Band-Limited Functions -- Auto-Cross Correlation Functions of the Even and the Odd Parts
of Fourier Series -- Fourier Methods Applicable in the Numerical Solution of Electromagnetic Time-Domain Scattering Problems -- Results on the Absolutely Convergent Series of Functions and of Distributions -- Invariance Techniques in
Spectral Estimation and Signal Processing -- Fourier Analysis in Reflector Antenna Synthesis -- Bispectra and System Identification -- Combined Laplace and Fourier Transformations in the Theory of Transient Wave Propagation in Layered
Media -- Coherent Frames and Irregular Sampling -- Gabor and Wavelet Expansions -- Translation Invariant Multiscale Analysis -- High-Resolution Spectral Analysis Using Recurrence Relations -- Diophantine Inequalities and Sampling Rates
for Multiband Signals -- Second-Harmonic Effects in Schottky-Barrier Diodes -- Holographic Image Coding and Neurocomputer Architectures -- IV: Complex Analysis and Fourier Analysis -- A Weighted L1 Estimate for the Laplace Operator --
Weighted Extensions of Restriction Theorems for the Fourier Transform -- Atomic Decompositions -- The Wiener-Plancherel Theorem on Rn -- Successive Derivatives of Analytic Functions -- Combinatorial Dimension and Measurements of
Interdependencies -- Comparison of Spectras in some Functional Spaces -- On a Class of Riesz Products on Metrizable Groups -- Groupoids and Fourier Approximations -- V: Problems -- Miscellanous -- A Problem from the Theory of Wave
Propagation in a Curved, Layered Medium -- Problems on Polynomials with Restricted Coefficients Arising From Questions in Antenna Array Theory
ISBN:9789400906655
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 315
Keywords: Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Crystallography , Mathematics , Fourier Analysis , Signal, Image and Speech Processing , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9783642800214:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Group Theory and Its Applications in Physics
Author(s): Teturo Inui
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (397 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-80021-4
Contents:1. Symmetry and the Role of Group Theory -- 1.1 Arrangement of the Book -- 2. Groups -- 2.1 Definition of a Group -- 2.1.1 Multiplication Tables -- 2.1.2 Generating Elements -- 2.1.3 Commutative Groups -- 2.2 Covering Operations of
Regular Polygons -- 2.3 Permutations and the Symmetric Group -- 2.4 The Rearrangement Theorem -- 2.5 Isomorphism and Homomorphism -- 2.5.1 Isomorphism -- 2.5.2 Homomorphism -- 2.5.3 Note on Mapping -- 2.6 Subgroups -- 2.7 Cosets and
Coset Decomposition -- 2.8 Conjugate Elements Classes -- 2.9 Multiplication of Classes -- 2.10 Invariant Subgroups -- 2.11 The Factor Group -- 2.11.1 The Kernel -- 2.11.2 Homomorphism Theorem -- 2.12 The Direct-Product Group -- 3.
Vector Spaces -- 3.1 Vectors and Vector Spaces -- 3.1.1 Mathematical Definition of a Vector Space -- 3.1.2 Basis of a Vector Space -- 3.2 Transformation of Vectors -- 3.3 Subspaces and Invariant Subspaces -- 3.4 Metric Vector Spaces --
3.4.1 Inner Product of Vectors -- 3.4.2 Orthonormal Basis -- 3.4.3 Unitary Operators and Unitary Matrices -- 3.4.4 Hermitian Operators and Hermitian Matrices -- 3.5 Eigenvalue Problems of Hermitian and Unitary Operators -- 3.6 Linear
Transformation Groups -- 4. Representations of a Group I -- 4.1 Representations -- 4.1.1 Basis for a Representation -- 4.1.2 Equivalence of Representations -- 4.1.3 Reducible and Irreducible Representations -- 4.2 Irreducible
Representations of the Group C?v -- 4.3 Effect of Symmetry Transformation Operators on Functions -- 4.4 Representations of the Group C3v Based on Homogeneous Polynomials -- 4.5 General Representation Theory -- 4.5.1 Unitarization of a
Representation -- 4.5.2 Schur’s First Lemma -- 4.5.3 Schur’s Second Lemma -- 4.5.4 The Great Orthogonality Theorem T -- 4.6 Characters -- 4.6.1 First and Second Orthogonalities of Characters -- 4.7 Reduction of Reducible
Representations -- 4.7.1 Restriction to a Subgroup -- 4.8 Product Representations -- 4.8.1 Symmetric and Antisymmetric Product Representations -- 4.9 Representations of a Direct-Product Group -- 4.10 The Regular Representation -- 4.11
Construction of Character Tables -- 4.12 Adjoint Representations -- 4.13 Proofs of the Theorems on Group Representations -- 4.13.1 Unitarization of a Representation -- 4.13.2 Schur’s First Lemma -- 4.13.3 Schur’s Second Lemma -- 4.13.4
Second Orthogonality of Characters -- 5. Representations of a Group II -- 5.1 Induced Representations -- 5.2 Irreducible Representations of a Group with an Invariant Subgroup -- 5.3 Irreducible Representations of Little Groups or Small
Representations -- 5.4 Ray Representations -- 5.5 Construction of Matrices of Irreducible Ray Representations -- 6. Group Representations in Quantum Mechanics -- 6.1 Symmetry Transformations of Wavefunctions and Quantum-Mechanical
Operators -- 6.2 Eigenstates of the Hamiltonian and Irreducibility -- 6.3 Splitting of Energy Levels by a Perturbation -- 6.4 Orthogonality of Basis Functions -- 6.5 Selection Rules -- 6.5.1 Derivation of the Selection Rule for
Diagonal Matrix Elements -- 6.6 Projection Operators -- 7. The Rotation Group -- 7.1 Rotations -- 7.2 Rotation and Euler Angles -- 7.3 Rotations as Operators Infinitesimal Rotations -- 7.4 Representation of Infinitesimal Rotations --
7.4.1 Rotation of Spin Functions -- 7.5 Representations of the Rotation Group -- 7.6 SU(2), SO(3) and O(3) -- 7.7 Basis of Representations -- 7.8 Spherical Harmonics -- 7.9 Orthogonality of Representation Matrices and Characters --
7.9.1 Completeness Relation for XJ(?) -- 7.10 Wigner Coefficients -- 7.11 Tensor Operators -- 7.12 Operator Equivalents -- 7.13 Addition of Three Angular MomentaRacah Coefficients -- 7.14 Electronic Wavefunctions for the Configuration
(nl)x -- 7.15 Electrons and Holes -- 7.16 Evaluation of the Matrix Elements of Operators -- 8. Point Groups -- 8.1 Symmetry Operations in Point Groups -- 8.2 Point Groups and Their Notation -- 8.3 Class Structure in Point Groups -- 8.4
Irreducible Representations of Point Groups -- 8.5 Double-Valued Representations and Double Groups -- 8.6 Transformation of Spin and Orbital Functions -- 8.7 Constructive Derivation of Point Groups Consisting of Proper Rotations -- 9.
Electronic States of Molecules -- 9.1 Molecular Orbitals -- 9.2 Diatomic Molecules: LCAO Method -- 9.3 Construction of LCAO-MO: The ?-Electron Approximation for the Benzene Molecule -- 9.3.1 Further Methods for Determining the Basis
Sets -- 9.4 The Benzene Molecule (Continued) -- 9.5 Hybridized Orbitals -- 9.5.1 Methane and sp3-Hybridization -- 9.6 Ligand Field Theory -- 9.7 Multiplet Terms in Molecules -- 9.8 Clebsch - Gordan Coefficients for Simply Reducible
Groups and the Wigner-Eckart Theorem -- 10. Molecular Vibrations -- 10.1 Normal Modes and Normal Coordinates -- 10.2 Group Theory and Normal Modes -- 10.3 Selection Rules for Infrared Absorption and Raman Scattering -- 10.4 Interaction
of Electrons with Atomic Displacements -- 10.4.1 Kramers Degeneracy -- 11. Space Groups -- 11.1 Translational Symmetry of Crystals -- 11.2 Symmetry Operations in Space Groups -- 11.3 Structure of Space Groups -- 11.4 Bravais Lattices
-- 11.5 Nomenclature of Space Groups -- 11.6 The Reciprocal Lattice and the Brillouin Zone -- 11.7 Irreducible Representations of the Translation Group… -- 11.8 The Group of the Wavevector k and Its Irreducible Representations -- 11.9
Irreducible Representations of a Space Group -- 11.10 Double Space Groups -- 12. Electronic States in Crystals -- 12.1 Bloch Functions and E(k) Spectra -- 12.2 Examples of Energy Bands: Ge and TIBr -- 12.3 Compatibility or Connectivity
Relations -- 12.4 Bloch Functions Expressed in Terms of Plane Waves -- 12.5 Choice of the Origin -- 12.5.1 Effect of the Choice on Bloch Wavefunctions -- 12.6 Bloch Functions Expressed in Terms of Atomic Orbitals -- 12.7 Lattice
Vibrations -- 12.8 The Spin-Orbit Interaction and Double Space Groups…. -- 12.9 Scattering of an Electron by Lattice Vibrations -- 12.10 Interband Optical Transitions -- 12.11 Frenkel Excitons in Molecular Crystals -- 12.12 Selection
Rules in Space Groups -- 12.12.1 Symmetric and Antisymmetric Product Representations -- 13. Time Reversal and Nonunitary Groups -- 13.1 Time Reversal -- 13.2 Nonunitary Groups and Corepresentations -- 13.3 Criteria for Space Groups and
Examples -- 13.4 Magnetic Space Groups -- 13.5 Excitons in Magnetic Compounds Spin Waves -- 13.5.1 Symmetry of the Hamiltonian -- 14. Landau’s Theory of Phase Transitions -- 14.1 Landau’s Theory of Second-Order Phase Transitions --
14.2 Crystal Structures and Spin Alignments -- 14.3 Derivation of the Lifshitz Criterion -- 14.3.1 Lifshitz’s Derivation of the Lifshitz Criterion -- 15. The Symmetric Group -- 15.1 The Symmetric Group (Permutation Group) -- 15.2
Irreducible Characters -- 15.3 Construction of Irreducible Representation Matrices -- 15.4 The Basis for Irreducible Representations -- 15.5 The Unitary Group and the Symmetric Group -- 15.6 The Branching Rule -- 15.7 Wavefunctions for
the Configuration (nl)x -- 15.8 D(J) as Irreducible Representations of SU(2) -- 15.9 Irreducible Representations of U(m) -- Appendices -- A. The Thirty-Two Crystallographic Point Groups -- B. Character Tables for Point Groups --
Answers and Hints to the Exercises -- Motifs of the Family Crests -- References
ISBN:9783642800214
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 78
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Crystallography , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Crystallography , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468457636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Statistical and Field Theory Methods to Condensed Matter
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (418 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5763-6
Contents:Quantum Coherence, Tunneling and Dissipation -- Quantum Mechanics of Complex Systems I -- Quantum Mechanics of Complex Systems II -- Quantum Tunneling in Macroscopic Systems -- Ground State of a Non-Dissipative Josephson Junction --
The “Cold Fusion” Problem -- Unstable Behavior of a Superconducting Ring Containing a Josephson Junction -- Influence of the Radiation Field on the Process of Electronic Interference -- Quantum Mechanical Harmonic Chain Attached to
Heat Baths -- Conformal Invariance and Phase Transitions -- Conformai Invariance — a Survey of Principles with Applications to Statistical Mechanics and Surface Physics -- A Possible Field-Theoretical Model for the Nematic-Isotropic
Phase Transition in Liquid Crystals -- Lattice Unstabilities of Magnetic Origin -- Solitons, Patterns, Incommensurate Structures -- Dual Quantization of Solitons -- Variational Approach to Quantum Statistical Mechanics -- Pattern
Changes in Electrodeposit of CuSO4 -- Linear Dynamics of Modulated Spin Magnets -- The Stochastic ?4 Atomic Chain -- Chaos -- Chaos and Turbulence -- Disorder and Localization -- Electron Localization in Disordered Systems -- Spin
Glasses and Heavy Fermions -- An Introduction to the Dynamics of Quench-Disordered Spin Systems -- Experimental Studies of Spin Glasses and Heavy Fermions: their Magnetism and Superconductivity -- Heavy Fermions: Theoretical Aspects --
Many-Body Techniques -- General Many-Body Systems -- Numerical Methods for Many-Body Problems A) Exact Diagonalization of Small Systems -- B) Quantum Monte Carlo Methods -- High-Density Expansion for Electron Systems -- Perturbative
Results using the Cumulant Expansion in the Anderson Lattice -- Application of Gutziller’s Correlated Method to the Electronic Effective Mass of Degenerate N-type Silicon -- Optical Absorption in Disordered Semiconductor Systems:
Application to Correlated Phosphorus-Doped Silicon -- Superconductivity -- High Tc Superconductivity: Lessons to be Learned from Neutron Scattering -- Superconducting Networks in a Magnetic Field: Exact Solution of the J2 Model --
Vortex Dynamics in Networks of Josephson Junctions -- Comparison of Effective Models for CuO2 Layers in Oxide Superconductors -- Charge- and Spin-Density Waves -- Charge-Density Waves in Quasi-one-Dimensional Systems -- Recent
Developments in Charge-Density Wave Systems -- Spin-Density Waves in Organic Conductors -- Poster Contributions -- Contributors
ISBN:9781468457636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 218
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468457339:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science and Engineering of One- and Zero-Dimensional Semiconductors
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (350 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5733-9
Contents:1: Fabrication of 1- and 0-D Structures -- Fabrication of Buried GaInAs/Inp Quantum Wires by One-Step MOVPE Growth -- Dry Etching Damage in Nanostructures -- Fabrication and Quantum Properties of 1D and 0D Nanostructures in III–V
Semiconductors -- 2: Transport in 1- and 0-D Structures -- Ballistic Electron Transport in a Gated Constriction -- Quantum-State Spectroscopy in Quantum Wires and Quantum Dots -- Electronic Properties of Quantum Dots and Modulated
Quantum Wires -- Conduction in n+-GaAs Wires -- One Dimensional Electron Transport in Edge-Channels Studied with Quantum Point Contacts -- Electron Waveguide Junctions:Scattering from a Microfabrication-imposed Potential -- Some Ad-Hoc
Methods for Introducing Dissipation to the Schrodinger Equation -- Transport in Electron Waveguides: Non-Linearities and Gated Rings -- Theory of Ballistic Quantum Transport through 1D Constriction -- Bound and Resonant States in
Quantum Wire Structures -- Selective Population of Modes in Electron Waveguides: Bend Resistances and Quenching of the Hall Resistance -- Electronic Properties of Doping Quantum Wires -- Quantum Dot Resonant Tunneling Spectroscopy --
Frequency-Dependent Transport in Quantum Wires -- Transport through Zero-Dimensional States in a Quantum Dot -- 3: Periodic 1- and 0-D Structures -- Lateral Surface Superlattices and Quasi one Dimensional Structures in GaAs --
Magnetotransport and Infrared Resonances in Laterally Periodic Nanostructures -- Emission Processes in Quantum Structures -- Magnetoresistance and Magnetocapacitance in a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in the Presence of A
One-Dimensional Superlattice Potential -- Theory of Groundstate and Transport Properties of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in the presence a Unidirectional Periodic Modulation and a Magnetic Field -- 4: Optical Properties of 1- and 1-D
Structures -- Understanding quantum Confinement in Zero-Dimensional Nanostructures- Optical and Transport Properties -- Exciton-Polaritons in Quantum Wells and Wuantum Wires -- Radiative Recombination in Free Standing Quantum Boxes --
Optical Emission from Quantum Wires -- Raman Scattering and Photoluminescence of GaAs-Based Nanostructures -- On the Impact of Low-Dimensionally in Quantum Well, Wire, Dot-Semiconductor Lasers -- 5: 2-Dimensional Systems -- Excitons in
Low Dimensional Semiconductors -- Resonant Transverse Magnetotunneling through Double Barrier Systems -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468457339
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 214
Keywords: Physics , Acoustics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Acoustics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461537984:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories Volume 2
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (361 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3798-4
Contents:Section I: High Tc Superconductivity -- Flux Phases in the t-J Model -- Two Dimensional Phenomena in High Tc Superconductors -- Novel Singular Solutions of BCS Theory -- Magnetism and Superconductivity in Doped Lamellar Copper Oxide
Systems -- A Vortex Lattice of Anyons in Strongly Correlated Systems -- Electron-Hole Liquid Model for High Tc Superconductivity -- Strong Electron Correlations in CuO2 Planes of High Temperature Superconductors -- Two Component
Superconductivity -- Section II: Localization -- Coherent Back Scattering and Other Optical Effects in Random Media -- Many Body Techniques for Wave Propagating in Random Media -- Localization and Folding of Random Chains -- Section
III: Nuclear Physics -- A New Theory of Collisions -- Calculations of the Ground State of 16O -- A New State of Nuclear Matter -- The “Ideal” Shell Model Calculation -- Non-Spurious Harmonic Oscillator States for Many-Body Systems --
Section IV: Microscopic Approaches I -- Inhomogeneous Quantum Liquids: Many Body Theory on the Testbench -- Coupled Cluster Parametrizations of Model Field Theories and their Bargman-Space Representations -- Fermion Monte Carlo
Algorithms for Quantum Fluids -- Bose Condensate in Superfluid 4He and Momentum Distributions by Deep Inelastic Scattering -- Section V: Mesoscopic Systems -- Ballistic Electronic Transport in Semiconductor Structures --
Random-Matrix-Model for Fluctuations in Microscopic and Mesoscopic Systems -- Section VI: Strongly Correlated Systems -- Super-Effective-Field CAM Theory of Strongly Correlated Electron and Spin Systems -- Unified Description of
Strongly and Weakly Correlated Electrons -- Fermi Hyper-Netted Chain Theory on a Lattice: The Hubbard Model -- Many Body Methods Applied to Scattering of Composite Particles in Gauge Theory with Confinement -- Section VII Microscopic
Approaches Ii -- Two-Body Density Matrix for Quantum Fluids -- New Microscopic Description of Liquid 3He -- Excitation Spectrum of a 3He Impurity in 4He -- Section VIII: Feenberg Medal Presentation And Summary -- Achievements in
Quantum Monte Carlo -- Summary of The VI International Conference on Recent Progress in Many Body Theories Arad Israel
ISBN:9781461537984
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789401578608:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods Cambridge, England, 1988
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (526 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-7860-8
Contents:Tutorial -- Clearing up Mysteries — The Original Goal -- From Rationality and Consistency to Bayesian Probability -- Classic Maximum Entropy -- Developments in Maximum Entropy Data Analysis -- The Three Phases of Statistical Mechanics
-- Bell’s Theorem. Inference and Quantum Transactions -- Philosophy -- Probability, Philosophy and Science: A briefing for Bayesians -- Statistical thermodynamics & Quantum mechanics -- The Statistics of Quantum Mechanical
Wavefunctions -- Justification of the Maximum Entropy Criterion in Quantum Mechanics -- Approaches to Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics -- Applications of Maximum Entropy to Condensed Matter Physics -- Problems of Maximum-Entropy
Formalism in the Statistical Geometry of Simple Liquids -- Physical measurement techniques -- Liquid Structure Factor Determination by Neutron Scattering — Some Dangers of Maximum Entropy -- Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Data
Evaluation Using the Maximum Entropy Method -- Maximum Entropy Reconstruction in Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Solution of Autocorrelation Function Constrained Maximum Entropy Problems Using the Method of Simulated Annealing --
Solution of Laplace Transform Equations (Sum of Exponentials) by Maximum Entropy -- Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Approach in Tomographic Image Reconstruction and Restoration -- Crystallography -- Maximum-Entropy-Based Approaches to
X-ray Structure Determination and Data Processing -- Maximum Entropy in Crystallography -- A Multisolution Phase Determination Method in X-Ray Crystallography -- The Challenge of X-RAY and Neutron Powder Diffraction -- A Statistical
Potential for Modelling X-ray Electron Density Maps with Known Phases -- Chemical Spectroscopy -- Enhanced Information Recovery From Spectroscopic Data Using MaxEnt -- Bayesian Spectrum Analysis on Quadrature Nmr Data with Noise
Correlations -- Selective Data-Sampling and Reconstruction of Phase Sensitive 2D NMR Spectra Using Maximum Entropy -- A New Maximum Entropy Processing Algorithm, with Applications to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Experiments -- Sampling
Strategies for Magnetic Resonance Experiments -- The Inverse Problem for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance -- Time series, Power spectra -- Maximum Entropy Calculations on a Discrete Probability Space: Predictions Confirmed -- Application of
Classical, Bayesian and Maximum Entropy Spectrum Analysis to Nonstationary Time Series Data -- Identifying Discrete Cycles in Economic Data: Maximum Entropy Spectra and the Direct Fitting of Sinusoidal Functions -- Maximum Entropy
Spectral Analysis of Hilbert Transformed Complex Data -- Astronomical techniques -- Maximum Entropy Tomography of Accretion Discs from Their Emission Lines -- Distances to Clusters of Galaxies Using Maximum Entropy -- The Application
of Maximum Entropy Techniques to Chopped Astronomical Infrared Data -- Neural networks -- The Use of Bayesian and Entropic Methods in Neural Network Theory -- Electronic ‘Neural’ Nets for Solving Ill-Posed Problems with an Entropy
Regulariser -- Fundamentals, Statistics -- Bayesian Model Selection: Examples Relevant to NMR -- Regularization and Inverse Problems -- Maximum Entropy and Inductive Inference -- Maximum Specific Entropy, Knowledge, Ordering, and
Physical Measurements -- The Metrics Induced by the Kullback Number -- The Paradox of the Money Pump: A Resolution -- Constrained Maximum Entropy Methods in an Image Reconstruction Problem -- Entropy + Rain = Floods -- Maximum Entropy
and Constrained Optimization -- The Eigenvalues of Mega-dimensional Matrices -- Bayesian Evaluation of Discrepant Experimental Data -- Superresolution limit for Signal recovery -- A Monotonic Property of Distributions Based on Entropy
with Fractile Constraints -- Kinetic Theory and Ensembles of Maximum Entropy -- On the Use of Quadratic Regularisation within Maximum Entropy Image Restoration -- From Chirp to Chip, a Beginning -- Bayesian Data Analysis: Straight-line
fitting
ISBN:9789401578608
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 36
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical chemistry , Probabilities , Physical measurements , Measurement , Electrical engineering , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Electrical Engineering , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461307679:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray and Neutron Structure Analysis in Materials Science
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (406 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0767-9
Contents:Powder Diffraction Analysis -- Identification of X-ray Diffraction Patterns of Multicomponent Mixtures -- Quantitative Reference Intensity Analysis: Methodology and Means for Verification of Results -- Correction of Compositional
Variability in the X-ray Diffraction Phase Analysis -- Dilution and Addition Methods in Quantitative X-ray Diffraction Phase Analysis -- Shape Memory Effect Analysis by X-ray Diffraction -- Formation of a Satellite Phase in the Neutron
Irradiated Reactor Steel -- X-ray Phase Analysis of Cu and Pb Anodic Oxidation Products -- Phase Analysis of Rusts by X-ray Diffraction, IR-Spectroscopy and Thermal Analysis -- Dynamical X-ray Diffraction Study on the Phase
Transformation in Rapidly Quenched Au71Sn29 Alloy -- Process Kinetics Studied by X-ray Diffraction -- X-ray Diffraction Analysis of 12 CaO. 7 Al2O3 Polymorphs -- X-ray Analysis of Mineral Substances of Blood Vessels -- Optical
Diffraction of Computer Simulated Patterns of Transitions in Two Dimensional Regular Lattice -- Diffraction Analysis of Amorphous Materials, Glasses and Polymers -- Investigation of the Microscopic Mechanism of the High Strength of
Amorphous Alloys -- Partial Structure Factors for Amorphous Fe75B25 Determined by Diffraction of Polarized Neutrons -- Neutron Diffraction Investigation of the Short-Range Atomic Order in Tellurite Glasses -- Supermolecular Structure
of the “Ladder-Type” Styrene-Multimethacrylate Copolymers -- The Structure Evaluation of Polypropylene Fibres by Computational Resolution of WAXS -- Real Structure of Crystalline Materials -- Problems in Diffraction Analysis of Real
Polycrystals -- Texture Investigation of Natural Rock-Salt by Neutron Diffraction -- Texture and Structure of Anisotropic FeSi Materials after Hot Rolling -- Real Structure of Gd3Co Single Crystals -- High Temperature Elastic Diffuse
Neutron Scattering Study of the Defect Structure in TiN0.82 -- X-ray Diffraction Studies of Interdiffusion in Solid Solutions of Semiconductors AIIIBV -- Polycrystal Thin Layers -- Kinematic Theory of X-ray and Neutron Scattering by
Defects in Thin Films and Surface Layers -- Methodical Aspects of X-ray Diffraction Analysis of Surface Treated Materials -- Structure Investigation of Hard Coatings by Total Pattern Analysis -- The Determination of Lattice Parameters
and Strains in Stressed Thin Films Using X-ray Diffraction: Extensions -- Use and Perspective of X-ray Diffraction in Science and Technology of Ceramic Coatings -- Application of X-ray Diffraction Techniques to Study Highly Dispersed
Supported Metals -- Effective Depth of X-ray Penetration and its Orientation Dependence -- Structure of Laser Modified Surface Layers of AlZn Alloys -- Structure Characterization of Laser Treated WC-Co by Means of Position Sensitive
Detectors -- Diffraction Studies of SnOX Thin Films Prepared by Vacuum Methods -- X-ray Diffractional Investigation of the Copper-Aluminium Interface Reaction -- X-ray Examination of (PbTe)1-x (GeTe)x Crystals -- Single Crystal Thin
Layers -- Structural Studies of Garnet Films -- Location of Impurity Atoms in the Volume and Surface Layers of Silicon Crystals by X-ray Standing Wave in the Laue Geometry -- X-ray Standing Waves in the Study of Crystals and Surface
Layers -- Development of Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Thin Surface Structures by X-ray Methods -- Crystal Structure Determination -- New Trends in Determination of Crystal Structure -- Easy and Uneasy Superspace
Groups for Incommensurate Crystals -- Structure Analysis of Modulated Molecular Crystals IV: Survey of our Recent Studies -- Controlled Growth of Polytypes and their Importance for Science and Technology -- Symmetry and Diffraction
Patterns of Polytypes -- Structural Characteristics of Polytypes Delivered by Texture Diffraction Patterns -- The X-ray Method for Determining Crystalline Multilayer Polytype Structures in Metal Alloys -- The Analysis of Disorder
Polytype Structures by Statistical Parameters -- Data Acquisition -- Bragg Reflection Analysis for Powdered Samples -- Rietveld Refinement of Y2O3 — Comparison of Two Profile Functions -- Three-Dimensional Multiple X-ray Diffraction --
Reduction of the Electronics of a ID Position Sensitive Detector -- A High Resolution Monochromator Module with X-ray Optics for Multipurpose Measurement of A3B5 Heterostructures -- List of Authors -- Abbreviations
ISBN:9781461307679
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783642818387:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Crystallography IV Physical Properties of Crystals
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (583 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81838-7
Contents:1. Fundamentals of Tensor and Symmetry Description of the Physical Properties of Crystals -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Tensors and Their Transformations -- 1.3 Geometric Interpretation of Tensors. Indicatrice Surfaces -- 1.4 Proper
(Exterior) Symmetry of Tensors -- 1.5 Symmetry of Physical Properties -- 2. Mechanical Properties of Crystals -- 2.1 Elastic Properties of Crystals -- 2.2 Plastic Glide Deformation -- 2.3 Dislocation Description of Plastic Deformation
by Glide -- 2.4 Diffusion Mechanisms of Plastic Deformation -- 2.5 Mechanical Twinning of Crystals -- 2.6 Fracture -- 2.7 Methods for Studying the Mechanical Properties of Crystals -- 3. Electrical Properties of Crystals -- 3.1
Polarization, Electrical Conductivity, and Dielectric Losses -- 3.2 Pyroelectric Phenomena -- 3.3 Piezoelectric Effect and Electrostriction -- 3.4 Domain Structure and Peculiarities of the Electrical Properties of Ferroelectrics and
Antiferroelectrics -- 3.5 Structure and Properties of Some Ferroelectrics and Antiferroelectrics -- 3.6 Phase Transition in Ferroelectrics. Fundamentals of Spontaneous Polarization Theory -- 4. Magnetic Properties of Crystals -- 4.1
Disordered Magnetics -- 4.2 Ordered Magnetics -- 4.3 Domain Structure of Ferromagnetic Crystals and Magnetization Processes -- 4.4 Anisotropy of Ferromagnetic Crystals -- 4.5 Structure of Some Magnetically Ordered Crystals and
Reorientation Transitions -- 4.6 Piezomagnetic and Magnetoelectric Effects -- 5. Semiconducting Crystals -- 5.1 Basic Properties of Semiconductors -- 5.2 Electron-Hole Junctions -- 6. Transport Phenomena in Crystals -- 6.1 Electrical
Conductivity of Crystals -- 6.2 Thermal Conductivity of Crystals -- 6.3 Thermoelectric Effects -- 6.4 Galvano-and Thermomagnetic Effects -- 7. Optical Properties of Crystals -- 7.1 Plane Electromagnetic Waves in an Anisotropic Medium
-- 7.2 Uniaxial and Biaxial Crystals -- 7.3 Birefringence in Crystals -- 7.4 Light Interference in Crystals -- 7.5 Light Absorption in Crystals -- 7.6 Optical Activity of Crystals -- 7.7 Electro-optical Properties of Crystals -- 7.8
Magneto-optical Properties of Crystals -- 7.9 Piezo-optical Properties of Crystals -- 7.10 Light Scattering in Crystals -- 7.11 Nonlinear Optical Properties of Crystals -- 7.12 Essentials of the Crystal-Field Theory -- 7.13 Laser
Crystals -- 7.14 Polarized Luminescence in Crystals -- 7.15 Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Impurity Ions in Crystals -- 8. Liquid Crystals -- 8.1 Basic Characteristics of Liquid Crystals -- 8.2 Texture and Optical Properties of
Liquid Crystals -- 8.3 Theory of Liquid-Crystal State -- 8.4 Magnetic Properties of Liquid Crystals -- 8.5 Electrical Properties of Liquid Crystals -- 8.6 Thermal Properties of Liquid Crystals -- References
ISBN:9783642818387
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 37
Keywords: Physics , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Crystallography , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Crystallography , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Inorganic Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9781475701845:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Incommensurate Crystals, Liquid Crystals, and Quasi-Crystals
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (368 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-0184-5
Contents:I: Incommensurate Crystals -- A. Theory -- A Phenomenological Theory of the Transition Sequence Including an Incommensurate (Commensurate) Phase Sandwiched by Reentrant Commensurate (Incommensurate) Phase -- Dauphiné-Twin Domain
Configurations in Quartz and Aluminum Phosphate -- Elastic and Inelastic Scattering from Quasi-Periodic Structures -- Are Exotic Consequences of Incommensurability in Solids Experimentally Observable? -- B. Theory — Numerical Methods
-- The Application of Axial Ising Models to the Description of Modulated Order -- Two-Dimensional Models of Commensurate-Incommensurate Phase Transitions -- Growth Kinetics in a Frustrated System: The Quenched Axial
Next-Nearest-Neighbor Ising Model -- C. Experiment -- Electron Microscopy of Incommensurate Structures -- Effect of Transverse Electric Fields on the Incommensurate Phase of NaNO2 -- Light Scattering from Incommensurate Insulators:
Mainly BaMnF4 -- Brillouin Scattering Study of Incommensurate Crystals -- Experimental Results Related to the Normal-Incommensurate Phase Transition in A2MX4 Compounds -- Some Aspects of Raman Scattering from A2BX4 Compounds --
Intrinsic Defects in Insulating Incommensurate Crystals -- Thermal Hysteresis, Solitons and Domain Walls -- Thermal Memory and Phase Conjugation Experiments in Incommensurate Barium Sodium Niobate -- II: Incommensurate Liquid Crystals
-- A. Theory -- Phasons in Quasi-Crystals and Incommensurate Liquid Crystals -- The Frustrated Spin-Gas Theory of Multiply Reentrant Liquid Crystals -- Macroscopic Description of Ferroelectric Chiral Smectic C* Liquid Crystals -- On
the Molecular Theory of Smectic-A Liquid Crystals -- Order Electricity at Smectic Liquid Crystal Interfaces -- Macroscopic Variables in Commensurate and Incommensurate Condensed Phases, Quasicrystals and Phasmids -- How the Smectic a
Phase Adapts to Two Incommensurate Periods in Asymmetric Liquid Crystalline Systems -- B. Experiment -- An Incommensurate Smectic a Phase -- The Nematic and Smectic-A1 Phases In DB7NO2: High Resolution X-Ray Study and Synthesis --
X-Ray Diffraction by Incommensurate Liquid Crystals -- Anomalous Heat Capacity Associated with the Incommensurate SmA Phase in Db7OCn + 80Cb -- Thermal Conductivity Studies and Free-Standing Liquid-Crystal Film Calorimetry as Two
Applications of the AC Calorimetric Technique -- III: Incommensurate Quasi-Crystals -- Quasiperiodic Patterns with Icosahedral Symmetry -- Frustration and Order in Rapidly Cooled Metals -- Local Atomic Environments in the
Manganese-Aluminum Icosahedral Phase -- IV: Two-Dimensional and Layered Systems -- X-Ray Scattering from Two-Dimensional Liquids Modulated by a Periodic Host: Theory, Simulation and Experiment -- Artificially Structured Incommensurate
Materials
ISBN:9781475701845
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 166
Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781475766240:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure Analysis by Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering
Author(s): L. A Feigin
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (335 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-6624-0
Contents:I. Small-Angle Scattering and the Structure of Matter -- 1. Principles of the Theory of X-Ray and Neutron Scattering -- 2. General Principles of Small-Angle Diffraction -- II. Monodisperse Systems -- 3. Determination of the Integral
Parameters of Particles -- 4. Interpretation of Scattering by Inhomogeneous Particles -- 5. Direct Methods -- III. Polymers and Inorganic Materials -- 6. Investigations of Polymer Substances -- 7. Structural Studies of Inorganic
Materials -- IV. Instrumentation and Data Analysis -- 8. X-Ray and Neutron Instrumentation -- 9. Data Treatment -- References
ISBN:9781475766240
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Biophysics , Biological physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642827211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Low-Energy Electron Diffraction Experiment, Theory and Surface Structure Determination
Author(s): Michel A. Van Hove
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (604 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82721-1
Contents:1. The Relevance and Historical Development of LEED -- 1.1 The Relevance of Surface Crystallography -- 1.2 The Historical Development of LEED -- 2. The LEED Experiment -- 2.1 General Features of LEED Experiments -- 2.2 Sample Mounting
-- 2.3 Electron Gun and Display System -- 2.4 Methods of Data Acquisition -- 2.5 Instrumental Response Function -- 2.6 Determination of Angle of Incidence -- 2.7 Determination of the Debye Temperature -- 3. Ordered Surfaces: Structure
and Diffraction Pattern -- 3.1 Two-Dimensional Periodicity and the LEED Pattern -- 3.2 Superlattices at Surfaces -- 3.3 Stepped and Kinked Surfaces -- 3.4 Symmetries and Domains at Surfaces -- 3.5 Interpretation of LEED Patterns -- 4.
Kinematic LEED Theory and Its Limitations -- 4.1 Definition of Kinematic Theory -- 4.2 The Kinematic Structure Factor for Ordered Surfaces -- 4.3 The Scattering Processes in LEED -- 4.4 The Elastic Scattering Potential -- 4.5 Atomic
Scattering -- 4.6 The Inner Potential and the Muffin-Tin Constant -- 4.7 Temperature Effects -- 4.8 From Kinematic to Dynamical LEED -- 5. Dynamical LEED Theory -- 5.1 Multiple Scattering -- 5.2 Diffraction in Crystalline Lattices --
5.3 Multiple Scattering in the Spherical-Wave Representation — Self-Consistent Formalism -- 5.4 Perturbation Expansion of Multiple Scattering in the Spherical-Wave Representation: Reverse-Scattering Perturbation (RSP) Method -- 5.5
Diffraction by a Stack of Layers: Transfer-Matrix and Bloch-Wave Method -- 5.6 Diffraction by a Stack of Layers: Layer-Stacking and Layer-Doubling Method -- 5.7 Diffraction by a Stack of Layers: Renormalized-Forward-Scattering (RFS)
Perturbation Method -- 5.8 Efficiency of Computation and the Combined-Space Method -- 5.9 Superlattices and Domains -- 5.10 Symmetries -- 5.11 Thermal Effects -- 5.12 Potential Steps, Surface States, Surface Resonances and LEED Fine
Structure -- 5.13 Relativistic and Spin-Dependent Effects in LEED -- 5.14 Some Other Theoretical Techniques -- 5.15 Outstanding Theoretical Problems in LEED -- 5.16 Application of LEED Theory to Other Electron Spectroscopies -- 5.17
Computer Programs -- 6. Methods of Surface Crystallography by LEED -- 6.1 The Kinematic Approach to Surface Crystallography -- 6.2 Averaging Methods -- 6.3 Fourier-Transform Methods -- 6.4 The Dynamical Approach to Surface
Crystallography -- 6.5 Reliability Factors (R-Factors) -- 6.6 Accuracy and Precision of Structural Determination -- 7. Results of Structural Analyses by LEED -- 7.1 Clean Unreconstructed Surfaces -- 7.2 Reconstructed Surfaces -- 7.3
Adsorbed Atomic Layers -- 7.4 Adsorbed Molecular Layers -- 8. Two Dimensional Order-Disorder Phase Transitions -- 8.1 Introduction to Order-Disorder Phase Transitions at Surfaces.. -- 8.2 The Interaction of Hydrogen with the (111)
Surface of Nickel -- 8.3 The Interaction of Hydrogen with the (100) Surface of Palladium -- 8.4 The Interaction of Hydrogen with the (110) Surface of Iron -- 9. Chemical Reactions at Surfaces and LEED -- 9.1 Monitoring Surface
Reactions by LEED -- 9.2 The Adsorption of Oxygen on Rh(111) at 335 K -- 9.3 The Reaction Between Hydrogen and Ordered Oxygen on Rh(111) -- 9.4 The Reaction Between Hydrogen and Both Ordered and Disordered Oxygen on Rh(111) -- 10.
Island Formation of Adspecies and LEED -- 10.1 The Nature of Islands on Surfaces -- 10.2 LEED Beam Profiles for Arrays of Ordered Islands -- 10.3 Island Formation in a Real System: CO on Ru(0001) -- 11. The Future of LEED -- 11.1
Experimental Outlook -- 11.2 Theoretical Outlook -- 11.3 Progress in Structural Determination -- 11.4 LEED vs. Other Surface-Sensitive Techniques -- 12. Reference List and Table for Surface Structures -- Appendix A: Acronyms of
Techniques Related to Surface Science -- Appendix B: A Computer Program to Determine the Angle of Incidence in LEED -- List of Major Symbols -- References
ISBN:9783642827211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 6
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Crystallography , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Crystallography , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9781461579366:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure Determination by X-Ray Crystallography
Author(s): M. F. C Ladd
Date:1985
Edition:Second Edition
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7936-6
Contents:1 Crystal Geometry. I -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Crystalline State -- 1.3 Stereographic Projection -- 1.4 External Symmetry of Crystals -- Problems -- 2 Crystal Geometry. II -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Lattices -- 2.3 Families of
Planes and InterplanarSpacings -- 2.4 Reciprocal Lattice -- 2.5 Rotational Symmetries of Lattices -- 2.6 Space Groups -- Problems -- 3 Preliminary Examination of Crystals by Optical and X-Ray Methods -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2
Polarized Light -- 3.3 Optical Classification of Crystals -- 3.4 Direction of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals -- 3.5 X-Ray Techniques -- 3.6 Recognition of Crystal System -- Problems -- 4 Intensity of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals
-- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Path Difference -- 4.3 Mathematical Representation of a Wave: Amplitude and Phase -- 4.4 Combination of Two Waves -- 4.5 Argand Diagram -- 4.6 Combination of AT Waves -- 4.7 Combined Scattering of X-Rays from
the Contents of the Unit Cell -- 4.8 Structure Factor -- 4.9 Intensity Expressions -- 4.10 Phase Problem in Structure Analysis -- 4.11 Applications of the Structure Factor Equation -- 4.12 Preliminary Structure Analysis -- Problems --
5 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. I -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Analysis of the Unit-Cell Contents -- 5.3 Two Early Structure Analyses Revisited -- Problems -- 6 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. II -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2
Fourier Series -- 6.3 Representation of Crystal Structures by Fourier Series -- 6.4 Methods of Solving the Phase Problem -- Problems -- 7 Direct Methods and Refinement -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Direct Methods of Phase Determination --
7.3 Patterson Search Methods -- 7.4 Least-Squares Refinement -- 7.5 Molecular Geometry -- 7.6 Precision -- 7.7 Correctness of a Structure Analysis -- 7.8 Limitations of X-Ray Structure Analysis -- 7.9 Disorder in Single Crystals --
Problems -- 8 Examples of Crystal Structure Analysis -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Crystal Structure of 2-Bromobenzo[b]indeno[l,2-e]pyran (BBIP) -- 8.3 Crystal Structure of Potassium 2-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxocyclobut-1-ene-1-olate Monohydrate
(KHSQ) -- 8.4 Concluding Remarks -- Problems -- A.1 Stereoviews and Crystal Models -- A 1.1 Stereo views -- A 1.2 Model of a Tetragonal Crystal -- A1.3 Stereoscopic Space-Group Drawings -- A.2 Crystallographic Point-Group Study and
Recognition Scheme -- A.3 Schoenflies’ Symmetry Notation -- A3.1 Alternating Axis of Symmetry -- A3.2 Notation -- A.4 Generation and Properties of X-Rays -- A4.1 X-Rays and White Radiation -- A4.2 Characteristic X-Rays -- A4.3
Absorption of X-Rays -- A4.4 Filtered Radiation -- A. 5 Crystal Perfection and Intensity Measurement -- A5.1 Crystal Perfection -- A5.2 Intensity of Reflected Beam -- A5.3 Intensity Measurements -- A5.3.1 Film Measurements -- A5.3.2
Difïractometer Geometry and Data Collection -- A5.4 Data Processing -- A5.4.1 Introduction -- A5.4.2 Standard Deviation of Intensity -- A5.4.3 Absorption Corrections -- A5.4.4 Scaling -- A5.4.5 Merging Equivalent Reflections -- A5.5
Synchrotron Radiation -- A.6 Transformations -- A. 7 Comments on Some Orthorhombic and Monoclinic Space Groups -- A7.1 Orthorhombic Space Groups -- A7.2 Monoclinic Space Groups -- A. 8 Vector Algebraic Relationships in Reciprocal Space
-- A8.1 Introduction -- A8.2 Reciprocal Lattice -- A8.2.1 Interplanar Spacings -- A8.2.2 Reciprocity of Unit Cell Volumes -- A8.2.3 Angle between Bravais Lattice Planes -- A8.3 X-Ray Diffraction and the Reciprocal Lattice -- A8.3.1
Bragg’s Equation -- A8.4 Laue Photographs -- A8.5 Crystal Setting -- A8.5.1 Setting Technique -- A. 9 Intensity Statistics -- A9.1 Weighted Reciprocal Lattice -- A9.1.1 Laue Symmetry -- A9.1.2 Systematic Absences -- A9.1.3 Accidental
Absences -- A9.1.4 Enhanced Averages -- A9.1.5 Special Distributions -- A. 10 Enantiomorph Selection -- Solutions
ISBN:9781461579366
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Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642818325:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Point Defects in Semiconductors II Experimental Aspects
Author(s): Jacques Bourgoin
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (116 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81832-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Lattice Distortion and the Jahn-Teller Effect -- 2.1 The Electron-Phonon Interaction -- 2.2 Symmetry Considerations: The Stable Atomic Configurations -- 2.3 Coupled Electronic and Nuclear Motion: Vibronic States
— Static and Dynamic Jahn-Teller Limits -- 2.4 The Vacancy in Silicon -- 3. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance -- 3.1 The Hamiltonian -- 3.2 Electronic Zeeman Interaction -- 3.3 Spin Orbit Coubling -- 3.4 Hyperfine Interaction -- 3.5
Nuclear Zeeman Interaction — Double Resonance -- 3.6 Spin-Spin Interaction. Fine Structure -- 3.7 EPR of Impurities and Vacancy — Impurity Pairs in Silicon -- 3.8 The Vacancy in Silicon -- 4. Optical Properties -- 4.1 Transition
Probability -- 4.2 The Configuration Coordinate Diagram -- 4.3 Optical Line Shape and the Electron-Lattice Interaction -- 4.4 Optical Cross Section -- 4.5 An Example. The GR Absorption Band in Diamond -- 5. Electrical Properties -- 5.1
Carrier Distribution Between Bands and Defect Levels -- 5.2 Conduction in Case of Defect Interaction -- 5.3 Carrier Scattering -- 6. Carrier Emission and Recombination -- 6.1 Emission and Capture Rates -- 6.2 Experimental Observation
of Emission Rates -- 6.3 Nonradiative Recombination Processes -- 6.4 Experimental Determination of Ionization Energies, Entropies and Cross Sections -- 6.5 Influence of the Electric Field on Emission Rates -- 7. Other Methods of
Detection -- 7.1 Photoexcitation -- 7.2 Optical Detection of Paramagnetic Resonance -- 7.3 Direct Detection of Phonons -- 8. Defect Production by Irradiation -- 8.1 Interaction of Radiation with Solids -- 8.2 Defect Production -- 8.3
Defect Nature and Spatial Distribution -- 8.4 Experimental Determination of a Threshold Energy -- 8.5 Subthreshold Effects -- 9. Defect Annealing -- 9.1 Annealing Kinetics -- 9.2 Determination of the Annealing Parameters -- 9.3
Annealing of Defects Induced by Electron Irradiation -- References
ISBN:9783642818325
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 35
Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781475700251:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoelastic and Electro-Optic Properties of Crystals
Author(s): T. S Narasimhamurty
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (544 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-0025-1
Contents:1. Photoelasticity of Crystals. Introduction -- 1.1. Discovery of the Phenomenon of Photoelasticity -- 1.2. Mathematical Formulation and Neumann’s Constants. Pockels’ Contribution -- 1.3. A Brief Historical Survey -- 2. Mathematical
Tools, Tensor Properties of Crystals, and Geometrical Crystallography -- 2.1. Linear Transformations -- 2.2. Matrix Algebra -- 2.3. Vectors and Their Transformation Laws -- 2.4. Tensor Nature of Physical Properties of Crystals and the
Laws of Transformation of Cartesian Tensors -- 2.5. Crystal Symmetry and Geometrical Crystallography. The 32 Point Groups -- 2.6. Symmetry Operations and Their Transformation Matrices -- 2.7. Symmetry Elements of the 32 Point Groups --
2.8. Neumann’s Principle and Effect of Crystal Symmetry on Physical Properties -- 3. Pockels’ Phenomenological Theory of Photoelasticity of Crystals -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Phenomenological Theory, Stress-Optical and
Strain-Optical Constants in Four- and Two-Suffix Notations qij and pij Matrices for the 32 Crystallographic Point Groups -- 3.3. Derivation of the Nonvanishing and Independent Photoelastic Constants for the Various Crystal Classes by
Different Methods -- 4. Elasticity of Crystals -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Stress and Strain as Tensors -- 4.3. Hooke’s Law -- 4.4. Experimental Methods of Determining cij and sij Christoffel’s Equation and Its Use in Determining cij
of Crystals -- 4.5. Ultrasonics -- 4.6. Brillouin Effect and Crystal Elasticity -- 5. Experimental Methods of Determining the Photoelastic Constants -- 5.1. Optical Behavior of a Solid under a Mechanical Stress, and Neumann’s Constants
-- 5.2. Derivation of Expressions for the Stress Birefringence in Terms of qij for Cubic and Noncubic Crystals -- 5.3. Experimental Determination of qij and pij by Optical Methods -- 5.4. Dispersion of qij by Spectroscopic Methods --
5.5. Elliptic Vibrations and Elliptically Polarized Light -- 5.6. Ultrasonic Methods of Studying the Elasto-Optic Behavior of Crystals -- 5.7. Brillouin Scattering and Photoelasticity of Crystals -- 6. Atomistic Theory of
Photoelasticity of Cubic Crystals -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Mueller’s Theory—A Brief Survey -- 6.3. Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on the Index of Refraction n The Strain Polarizability Constant ?0 -- 6.4. Anisotropy of Rj and ?itj
-- 6.5. Thermo-Optic Behavior of Crystals and Photoelastic behavior -- 6.6. Pockels’ Photoelastic Groups in Cubic Crystals and Mueller’s Theory -- 6.7. Photoelastic Dispersion in Cubic Crystals ?0 as a Function of Crystalline Material,
Wavelength of Light, and Temperature -- 6.8. Effect of Elastic Deformation on the Oscillator Strengths and Dispersion Frequencies of Optical Electrons -- 6.9. Temperature Dependence of Stress-Optical Dispersion -- 7. Piezoelectricity
-- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Direct and Converse Piezoelectric Effects -- 7.3. Mathematical Formulation, Piezoelectric Constants dijk in Tensor Notation, and dij in Two-Suffix Notation Relation between dijl and dij -- 7.4. Deduction of
the Surviving dijk for Some Crystal Classes by Tensor Method, and the dij Matrices for the 21 Noncentrosymmetric Classes -- 7.5. Concluding Remarks -- 8. Electro-Optic Effects in Crystals: Pockels Linear Electro-Optic and Kerr
Quadratic Electro-Optic Effects -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Demonstration of the Electro-Optic Effects, Linear and Quadratic -- 8.3. Historical Survey -- 8.4. Pockels’ Phenomenological Theory of the Linear Electro-Optic Effect in
Three- and Two-Suffix Notations, Rijk and rij -- 8.5. Derivation of the Relation between the Linear Electro-Optic Constants of a Crystal: Free and Clamped Constants -- 8.6. Kerr Quadratic Electro-Optic Effect: Pockels’ Phenomenological
Theory -- 8.7. Crystal Symmetry and the Number of Surviving Linear Electro-Optic Coefficients Rijk and rij and Their Deduction by Tensor Method: rij Matrices for the 21 Noncentrosymmetric Classes -- 8.8. Derivation of the Expressions
for ? = f(rij) for Some Typical Crystal Classes and Orientations -- 8.9. Experimental Methods of Determining rij -- 8.10. Some Points of Interest on the Use of the Pockels Effect in Crystals, and Half-Wave Voltage V?/2 -- 8.11. Some
Technological Applications of Pockels Cells (Linear Electro-Optic Devices) -- Author Index
ISBN:9781475700251
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Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9781461579335:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure Determination by X-Ray Crystallography
Author(s): M. F. C Ladd
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (394 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7933-5
Contents:1 Crystal Geometry. I -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Crystalline State -- 1.3 Stereographic Projection -- 1.4 External Symmetry of Crystals -- Problems -- 2 Crystal Geometry.II -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Lattices -- 2.3 Families of
Planes and Interplanar Spacings -- 2.4 Reciprocal Lattice -- 2.5 Rotational Symmetries of Lattices -- 2.6 Space Groups -- Problems -- 3 Preliminary Examination of Crystals by Optical and X-Ray Methods -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2
Polarized Light -- 3.3 Optical Classification of Crystals -- 3.4 Direction of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals -- 3.5 X-Ray Techniques -- Problems -- 4 Intensity of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Path
Difference -- 4.3 Combination of Two Waves -- 4.4 Argand Diagram -- 4.5 Combination of N Waves -- 4.6 Combined Scattering of X-Rays from the Contents of the Unit Cell -- 4.7 Structure Factor -- 4.8 Intensity Expressions -- 4.9 Phase
Problem in Structure Analysis -- 4.10 Applications of the Structure Factor Equation -- 4.11 Preliminary Structure Analysis -- Problems -- 5 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. I -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Analysis of the Unit-Cell
Contents -- 5.3 Two Early Structure Analyses Revisited -- Problems -- 6 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. II -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Fourier Series -- 6.3 Representation of Crystal Structures by Fourier Series -- 6.4 Methods of
Solving the Phase Problem -- Problems -- 7 Some Further Topics -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Direct Methods of Phase Determination -- 7.3 Least-Squares Refinement -- 7.4 Molecular Geometry -- 7.5 Accuracy -- 7.6 Correctness of a Structure
Analysis -- 7.7 Anomalous Scattering -- 7.8 Limitations of X-Ray Structure Analysis -- Problems -- 8 Examples of Crystal Structure Analysis -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Crystal Structure of 2-Bromobenzo[b]indeno[3,2-e]pyran (BBIP) -- 8.3
Crystal Structure of Potassium 2-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxocyclobut-1-ene-1-olate Monohydrate (KHSQ) -- 8.4 Concluding Remarks -- Problems -- A.1 Stereoviews and Crystal Models -- A.1.1 Stereoviews -- A.1.2 Model of a Tetragonal Crystal -- A.2
Crystallographic Point-Group Study and Recognition Scheme -- A.3 Schoenflies’ Symmetry Notation -- A.3.1 Alternating Axis of Symmetry -- A.3.2 Notation -- A.4 Generation and Properties of X-Rays -- A.4.1 X-Rays and White Radiation --
A.4.2 Characteristic X-Rays -- A.4.3 Absorption of X-Rays -- A.4.4 Filtered Radiation -- A.5 Crystal Perfection and Intensity Measurement -- A.5.1 Crystal Perfection -- A.5.2 Intensity of Reflected Beam -- A.5.3 Intensity Measurements
-- A.5.4 Intensity Corrections -- A.6 Transformations -- A.7 Comments on Some Orthorhombic and Monoclinic Space Groups -- A.7.1 Orthorhombic Space Groups -- A.7.2 Monoclinic Space Groups -- Solutions
ISBN:9781461579335
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Keywords: Physics , Organic chemistry , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9781461579304:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure Determination by X-Ray Crystallography
Author(s): M. F. C Ladd
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (394 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7930-4
Contents:1 Crystal Geometry. I -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Crystalline State -- 1.3 Stereographic Projection -- 1.4 External Symmetry of Crystals -- Problems -- 2 Crystal Geometry. II -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Lattices -- 2.3 Families of
Planes and Interplanar Spacings -- 2.4 Reciprocal Lattice -- 2.5 Rotational Symmetries of Lattices -- 2.6 Space Groups -- Problems -- 3 Preliminary Examination of Crystals by Optical and X-Ray Methods -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2
Polarized Light -- 3.3 Optical Classification of Crystals -- 3.4 Direction of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals -- 3.5 X-Ray Techniques -- Problems -- 4 Intensity of Scattering of X-Rays by Crystals -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Path
Difference -- 4.3 Combination of Two Waves -- 4.4 Argand Diagram -- 4.5 Combination of N Waves -- 4.6 Combined Scattering of X-Rays from the Contents of the Unit Cell -- 4.7 Structure Factor -- 4.8 Intensity Expressions -- 4.9 Phase
Problem in Structure Analysis -- 4.10 Applications of the Structure Factor Equation -- 4.11 Preliminary Structure Analysis -- Problems -- 5 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. I -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Analysis of the Unit-Cell
Contents -- 5.3 Two Early Structure Analyses Revisited -- Problems -- 6 Methods in X-Ray Structure Analysis. II -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Fourier Series -- 6.3 Representation of Crystal Structures by Fourier Series -- 6.4 Methods of
Solving the Phase Problem -- Problems -- 7 Some Further Topics -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Direct Methods of Phase Determination -- 7.3 Least-Squares Refinement -- 7.4 Molecular Geometry -- 7.5 Accuracy -- 7.6 Correctness of a Structure
Analysis -- 7.7 Anomalous Scattering -- 7.8 Limitations of X-Ray Structure Analysis -- Problems -- 8 Examplesof Crystal Structure Analysis -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Crystal Structure of 2-Bromobenzo[b]indeno[3,2-e]pyran (BBIP) -- 8.3
Crystal Structure of Potassium 2-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxocyclobut-1-ene-1-olate Monohydrate (KHSQ) -- 8.4 Concluding Remarks -- Problems -- A.1 Stereoviews and Crystal Models -- A.1.1 Stereoviews -- A.1.2 Model of a Tetragonal Crystal -- A.2
Crystallographic Point-Group Study and Recognition Scheme -- A.3 Schoenflies’ Symmetry Notation -- A.3.1 Alternating Axis of Symmetry -- A.3.2 Notation -- A.4 Generation and Properties of X-Rays -- A.4.1 X-Rays and White Radiation --
A.4.2 Characteristic X-Rays -- A.4.3 Absorption of X-Rays -- A.4.4 Filtered Radiation -- A.5 Crystal Perfection and Intensity Measurement -- A.5.1 Crystal Perfection -- A.5.2 Intensity of Reflected Beam -- A.5.3 Intensity Measurements
-- A.5.4 Intensity Corrections -- A.6 Transformations -- A.7 Comments on Some Orthorhombic and Monoclinic Space Groups -- A.7.1 Orthorhombic Space Groups -- A.7.2 Monoclinic Space Groups -- Solutions
ISBN:9781461579304
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Call number:SPRINGER-1961-9781475703405:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Theory of Crystal Structure Analysis
Author(s): A. I Kitaigorodskii
Date:1961
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (275 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-0340-5
Contents:I Mathematical Introduction -- 1 The Fourier integral and reciprocal space -- 2 Fourier transforms -- 3 Special cases of transforms -- 4 Projections and sections of transforms -- 5 Convolution of functions -- 6 Self-convolutions of
functions -- II Principles of the Theory -- 1 Scattering of x-rays -- 2 Reciprocal space as the space of scattering functions -- 3 The time average of the electron density -- 4 The object considered as a system of atoms -- 5 The object
as a system of particles -- 6 The form factor -- 7 Infinite o-lattices -- 8 Finite o-lattices -- 9 The ideal finite crystalline lattice -- 10 The real crystal -- 11 Structure amplitudes and products -- 12 A comparison of x-ray,
electron, and neutron structure analyses -- III Structure Amplitudes and Products as Random Quantities -- 1 Statement of the problem -- 2 The distribution function of a sum of independent quantities -- 3 Gaussian representation of the
distribution function of the structure amplitude of a centrosymmetric crystal -- 4 The dependence of the amplitude distribution function on the structure -- 5 Deviation of a crystal from centrosymmetry “Complete” loss of the inversion
center -- 6 Statistical differences between centrosymmetric crystals and crystals without inversion centers -- 7 The distribution functions of structure amplitudes and hypersymmetry -- 8 The mean value of the structure factor and the
problem of finding the unitary amplitudes -- 9 Concerning the possibility of determining the space group from intensity statistics -- 10 The distribution function of the third-order structure product -- 11 The Gaussian distribution of
the structure products -- 12 The probability of a positive sign for the structure product within the limits of applicability of the Gaussian distribution -- 13 Peculiarities of incomplete averaging of structure products -- IV The
Theory of the Relations between Structure Amplitudes -- 1 Statement of the problem -- 2 Reliably positive structure products -- 3 The centrosymmetric crystal with one atom in a general position -- 4 Relationships between amplitudes and
their components -- 5 Concerning the averaging of the relationships between unitary structure amplitudes and their components -- 6 The simplest inequality relating unitary structure amplitudes -- 7 Derivation of the relationships
between structure amplitudes using Cauchy’s inequality. The first method -- 8 The second method of applying Cauchy’s inequality -- 9 The fundamental equation connecting structure amplitudes -- 10 Form of the connecting determinants of
low orders -- 11 The determination of signs -- 12 Capabilities of the basic connecting equations for determining signs -- 13 The predominant positivity of the structure product -- 14 Finding positive structure products -- 15 Relations
between the absolute magnitudes of structure amplitudes -- 16 Signs of structure products and amplitudes -- 17 The limits of possible values of structure amplitudes -- 18 Graphical representation of the connecting equations for the
simplest Dm -- 19 The complete theory of the relationships between structure amplitudes -- 20 The probability of a positive sign of the structure product -- 21 Procedures for direct structure analyses -- V Analysis of the Convolution
of the Electron Density -- 1 The convolution as a sum of interatomic functions -- 2 The form of the interatomic functions -- 3 Picking out the interatomic vector system from the convolution -- 4 The convolution of the electron density
and crystal symmetry -- 5 Picking the structure out of the convolution -- 6 The difference inversions -- 7 Sharpening of convolutions -- VI Methods of Obtaining Agreement between the Measured and Calculated Structure Amplitude -- 1
Antagonistic reflections -- 2 The R-factor and the correlation coefficient -- 3 General features of approximation methods -- 4 Booth’s method of “steepest descent” -- 5 Method of least squares -- 6 The differential method -- 7 The
method of difference series -- 8 Accuracy factors -- 9 Computation of the errors in the determination of atomic coordinates -- 10 An approximate evaluation of the sums that enter into the error formulas -- Conclusion
ISBN:9781475703405
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Call number:QC793.5.N4628N40::1986 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutron scattering
Author(s): Kurt Skold (ed.)
David L. Price (ed.)
Date:1986
Publisher:Academic Press: Orlando
Size:3 volumes
Contents:Part A: 1. Introduction to Neutron Scattering, 2. Neutron Sources, 3. Experimental Techniques, 4. Neutron Optics, 5. Chemical Crystallography, 6. Lattice Dynamics, 7. Molecular Dynamics and Spectroscopy, Appendix: Neutron Scattering Lengths and Cross Sections
Part B: 8. Absorbed Monolayers and Intercalated Compounds, 9. Defects in Solids, 10. Hydrogen in Metals, 11 Fast Ion Conductors, 12. Glasses, 13. Solid and Liquid Helium, 14. Classical Fluids, 15. Ionic Solutions, 16. Colloidal Solutions, 17. Liquid Crystals
Part C: 18.Phase Transitions, 19. Magnetic Structures, 20. Magnetic Excitations, 21. Nuclear Magnetism, 22. Polymers, 23. Protein Crystallography, 24. Molecular Biology, 25. Industrial Applications
ISBN:0124759653
Series:Methods of Experimental Physics: v.23
Keywords: Neutrons Scattering.
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Call number:QC793.5.E627H191::1983:V3 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook on Synchrotron Radiation: Volume III
Author(s): G.S. Brown (ed.)
D.E. Moncton (ed.)
Date:1991
Publisher:North-Holland: New York
Size:723 pgs.
Contents:1. Storage Ring Optimization, 2. Synchrotron-Radiation Spectra, 3. Perfect-Crystal Methods, 4. X-Ray Monochromators and Mirrors, 5. Powder Diffraction, 6. Anomalous Scattering, 7. Surface Crystallography, 8. Microcrystal Diffraction, 9. Time-Resolved Studies, 10. Topography, 11. Small-Angle Scattering, 12. X-Ray Reflectivity Studies of Liquid Surfaces, Theoretical Perspective, 14. Magnetic Scattering, 15. Inelastic Scattering by Electronic Excitations, 16. X-Ray Fluorescent elemental Analysis
ISBN:0444864253
Keywords: Synchrotron Radiation - Handbooks, Manuals, etc.
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More info:Amazon.com
Location: MAIN

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