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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD ECOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/11776.49 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword ecology ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319459011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:First Complex Systems Digital Campus World E-Conference 2015
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 424 p. 120 illus., 96 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Welcome to CS-DC’15 -- Reconstructing multi-scale dynamics -- Machine learning methods -- A formal model to compute uncertain continuous data -- Knowledge maps -- Analysis of a Planetary Scale Scientific Collaboration Dataset Reveals
Novel Patterns -- Epistemology of integrative and predictive sciences -- Information science and the complexity: are we orientated to a transdisciplinary science? -- Synthesis of ecology, biology and ethnographic data -- Bayesian
Causalities, Mappings, and Phylogenies: A Social Science Gateway for Modeling Complexity in Ethnographic, Archaeo-, Eco- and Bio-logical Variables -- Multi-level modeling -- Statistical and dynamical properties of networks -- Community
detection as an efficient way to attack real networks -- From particles to complex matter -- Chemical garden -- Assembly of molecular metal oxides from the nano to the macroscale via chemical gardens -- Physics of complex systems --
Viscosity scaling in hydrodynamic instabilities in porous media -- A general approach to the linear stability analysis of miscible viscous fingering in porous media -- From individual to social cognition -- From individual to social
cognition: Piaget, Jung and commons -- Ecological approach of sport and sport education -- Ecological Dynamics: a theoretical framework for understanding sport performance, physical education and physical -- Emerging dance movements
under ecological constraints in Contact Improvisation dancers with different background -- Emerging collective shared behaviors from individual exploration in football small-sided games -- Adaptability in swimming pattern: how do
swimmers adapt propulsive action as a function of speed? -- Backstroke start performance prediction -- Flexible perception-action strategies for follow-the-leader coordination -- Dynamic process of pulmonary data analysis: from the
athlete mouth to the coach’s hands -- From processing units to computational ecosystems to the cloud -- A multi-agent system approach to load-balancing and resource allocation for distributed computing -- Integrative science of
education -- POEM-COPA Collaborative Open Peer Assessment -- Implications of agent-based computational modeling and simulation for preventive education in children with ADHD -- MOOC as a complex system -- From fields to territories to
the planet -- Integrative logistics -- Logistics and Territory integrative approach -- Process modeling of an international transport chain through the simulation tool SIMPROCESS -- Dynamic emissions reduction from vehicles with
technical and behavioral approach -- 4p-factories (e-lab) -- Is the Lean Organisation a complex system? -- An artificial immune ecosystem model for hybrid cloud supervision -- Engineering of territory sustainability -- Spatialisation
of Soil Erosion Susceptibility Using USLE Model -- Social patterns in multicultural environments Matrimonial patterns and trans-ethnic entities -- Economics as a complex evolutionist system -- A study of heterogeneity in a stock market
simulator based on a model of agents that learn from experience in a market with multiple stocks -- Are innovation systems complex systems? -- From molecules to ecosphere -- Ocean biogeochemical dynamics -- Frontal systems as
mechanisms of fish aggregation -- Lagrangian approach to phytoplankton mesoscale biogeography in the Kerguelen region -- Lyapunov exponents and oceanic fronts.
ISBN:9783319459011
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Data mining , System theory , Computational intelligence , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Complex Systems , Complex Systems , Complexity , Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery , Computational Intelligence , Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics
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Call number:9783319446066:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Complex Systems Society, Ecology, and Nonlinear Dynamics
Author(s): Paul Fieguth
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 346 p. 243 illus., 178 illus. in color p.)
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Global Warming and Climate Change -- Further Reading -- 3 Systems Theory -- 3.1 Systems & Boundaries -- 3.2 Systems & Thermodynamics.-3.3 Systems of Systems -- Case Study 3: Nutrient Flows, Irrigation, and
Desertification -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 4 Dynamic Systems -- 4.1 System State -- 4.2 Randomness -- 4.3 Analysis -- 4.3.1 Correlation -- 4.3.2 Stationarity -- 4.3.3 Transformations -- Case Study 4: Water Levels of the
Oceans and Great Lakes -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 5 Linear Systems -- 5.1 Linearity -- 5.2 Modes -- 5.3 System Coupling -- 5.4 Dynamics -- 5.5 Non-Normal Systems -- Case Study 5: System Decoupling -- Further Reading --
Sample Problems -- 6 Nonlinear Dynamic Systems – Uncoupled -- 6.1 Simple Dynamics -- 6.2 Bifurcations -- 6.3 Hysteresis and Catastrophes -- 6.4 System Behaviour near Folds -- 6.5 Overview -- Case Study 6: Climate and Hysteresis --
Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 7 Nonlinear Dynamic Systems – Coupled.-7.1 Linearization -- 7.2 2D Nonlinear Systems -- 7.3 Limit Cycles and Bifurcations -- Case Study 7: Geysers, Earthquakes, and Limit Cycles -- Further Reading
-- Sample Problems -- 8 Spatial Systems -- 8.1 PDEs -- 8.2 PDEs & Earth Systems -- 8.3 Discretization -- 8.4 Spatial Continuous-State Models -- 8.5 Spatial Discrete-State Models -- 8.6 Agent Models -- Case Study 8: Global circulation
models -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 9 Power Laws and Non-Gaussian Systems -- 9.1 The Gaussian Distribution 9.2 The Exponential Distribution -- 9.3 Heavy Tailed Distributions -- 9.4 Sources of Power Laws -- 9.5 Synthesis and
Analysis of Power Laws -- Case Study 9: Power Laws in Social Systems -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 10 Complex Systems -- 10.1 Spatial Nonlinear Models -- 10.2 Self-Organized Criticality -- 10.3 Emergence -- 10.4 Complex
Systems of Systems -- Case Study 10: Complex Systems in Nature -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 11 Observation & Inference -- 11.1 Forward Models -- 11.2 Remote Measurement -- 11.3 Resolution.-11.4 Inverse Problems -- Case
Study 11A: Sensing— Synthetic Aperture Radar -- Case Study 11B: Inversion— Atmospheric Temperature -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 12 Water.-12.1 Ocean Acidification -- 12.2 Ocean Garbage -- 12.3 Groundwater -- Case Study 12:
Satellite Remote Sensing of the Ocean -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 13 Concluding Thoughts -- Further Reading -- Part I Appendices -- Index
ISBN:9783319446066
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , System theory , Complexity, Computational , Climate change , Game theory , Physics , Complex Systems , Complexity , Complex Systems , Earth System Sciences , Climate Change , Game Theory
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Call number:9783319310428:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Star Ark A Living, Self-Sustaining Spaceship
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXII, 492 p. 127 illus., 107 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction by Rachel Armstrong -- Overview by Andrew Tziolas -- Metaphysics of Reality in Space by Rachel Armstrong -- Seeding the Universe with Life by Michael Mautner -- Space chemistry by Martin Hanczyc -- Living soils by Rachel
Armstrong -- Bacterial worlds by Simon Park -- Nature in space by Koert van Mensvoort -- The experience of space by Nelly Ben Hayoum -- Space architecture by Richard Hyams -- Extremophiles by Sarah Jane Pell.-Shrinking the human by
Arne Hendriks -- Human/mechanicals hybrids by Kevin Warwick -- Space birth by Lucy McCrae, Susan Crawford-Young, and Lynne Harper -- Establishing the ecological being by Rachel Armstrong -- Ecology of Mind by Noam Chomsky -- Humanity
in space by Steve Fuller -- Ecological politics by Jane Bennett -- Very large organizations by Jordan Geiger -- Architects building planets by Mark Morris
ISBN:9783319310428
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Popular works , Design , Astronomy , Aerospace engineering , Astronautics , Popular Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astron , Aerospace Technology and Astronautics , Design, general
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Call number:9781420079425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Markov Chain Monte Carlo [electronic resource]
Author(s): Steve Brooks (ed.)
Andrew Gelman (ed.)
Date:2011
Edition:1st ed.
Publisher:Taylor & Francis Group
Size:1 electronic resource (619 p)
Contents:Introduction to Markov Chain Monte Carlo -- A short history of MCMC: subjective recollections from incomplete data -- Reversible jump MCMC -- Optimal proposal distributions and adaptive MCMC -- MCMC using Hamiltonian Dynamics -- Inference from simul ations and monitoring convergence -- Implementing MCMC: estimating with confidence -- Perfection within reach: exact MCMC sampling -- Spatial point processes -- The data augmentation algorithm: theory and methodology -- Importance sampling, simulated temp ering, and umbrella sampling -- Likelihood-free MCMC -- MCMC in the analysis of genetic data on related individuals -- An MCMC=based analysis of a mulitlevel model for functional MRI data -- Partially collapsed Gibbs sampling and path-adaptive metropolis- hastings in high-energy astrophysics -- Posterior exploration for computationally intensive forward models -- Statistical ecology -- Gaussian random field models for spatial data -- Modeling preference changes via a Hidden Markovltem response theory model -- Parallel Bayesian MCMC imputation for multiple distributed lag models: a case study in environmental epidemiology -- MCMC for state-space models -- MCMC in educational research -- Applications of MCMC in fisheries science -- Model comparison and simul ation for hierarchical models: analyzing rural-urban migration in Thailand.
ISBN:9781420079425
Keywords: Markov processes , Monte Carlo method
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Call number:1848218796:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Circular Economy, Industrial Ecology and Short Supply Chain: Towards Sustainable Territories
Author(s): Gallaud
Date:2016
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (139 p.)
ISBN:9781848218796
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:0471493015:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spatial Ecology via Reaction-Diffusion Equations
Author(s): Cantrell
Date:2003
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (429 p.)
ISBN:9780471493013
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:TK5105.875.I57N38::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Gutenberg to Zuckerberg: disruptive innovation in the age of the Internet
Author(s): John Naughton
Date:2014
Publisher:New York: Quercus
Size:292 p.
Contents:Prologue :why this book? --Take the long view -- The Web is not the Net -- For the Net, disruption is a feature, not a bug -- Think ecology, not just economics -- Complexity is the new reality -- The network is now the computer -- The Web is evolving -- Copyrights and copywrongs : or, Why our intellectual property regime no longer makes sense -- Orwell vs. Huxley : the bookends of our networked future? -- Epilogue.
ISBN:9781623650629
Keywords: Internet History. , Information technology.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662490785:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Boundaries of a Complex World
Author(s): Andrei Ludu
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (112 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-49078-5
Contents:Part I Arts and Nonlinear Systems: `Nonlineart' -- Part II Mathematical Language -- Part III Applications -- Conclusions -- References
ISBN:9783662490785
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , Systems biology , Ecology , System theory , Statistical physics , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Complex Systems , Complexity , Systems Biology , Theoretical Ecology/Statistics , Earth System Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319303284:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probabilistic Models of Population Evolution Scaling Limits, Genealogies and Interactions
Author(s): Étienne Pardoux
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30328-4
Contents:Introduction -- Branching Processes -- Convergence to a Continuous State Branching Process -- Continuous State Branching Process (CSBP) -- Genealogies -- Models of Finite Population with Interaction -- Convergence to a Continuous State Model -- Con tinuous Model with Interaction -- Appendix
ISBN:9783319303284
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematical Biosciences Institute Lecture Series : 1.6
Keywords: Mathematics , Ecology , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Theoretical Ecology/Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783662441404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory and Applications of Difference Equations and Discrete Dynamical Systems [electronic resource] : ICDEA, Muscat, Oman, May 26 - 30, 2013
Author(s): Ziyad AlSharawi
Jim M Cushing
Saber Elaydi
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume contains the proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Difference Equations and Applications, held at Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman in May 2013. The conference brought together experts and novices inthe theory and appli cations of difference equations and discrete dynamical systems. The volume features papers in difference equations and discrete time dynamical systems with applications to mathematical sciences and, in particular,mathematical biology, ecology, and epidemi ology. It includes four invited papers and eight contributed papers. Topics covered include: competitive exclusion through discrete time models, Benford solutions of linear differenceequations, chaos and wild chaos in Lorenz-type systems, advances in peri odic difference equations, the periodic decomposition problem, dynamic selection systems and replicator equations, and asymptotic equivalence of differenceequations in Banach Space. This book will appeal to researchers, scientists, and educators who work in the fields of difference equations, discrete time dynamical systems and their applications.
Contents:Papers by Invited Speakers: Competitive exclusion through discrete time models: Azmy S. Ackleh and Paul L. Salceanu
Benford solutions of linear difference equations: Arno Berger and Gideon Eshun
Harvesting and dynamics in some one
dimensional population models: Eduardo Liz and Frank M. Hilker
Chaos and wild chaos in Lorenz
type systems: Hinke M. Osinga, Bernd Krauskopf and Stefanie Hittmeyer
Contributed Papers: Almost automorphic sequences and their application to a model of cellular neural network: Syed Abbas
Advances in periodic difference equations with open problems: Ziyad A
ISBN:9783662441404
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v102
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional equations , Differentiable dynamical systems , Genetics Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642390104:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology [electronic resource] : Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and Random Searches
Author(s): Vicen Mndez
Daniel Campos
Frederic Bartumeus
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. Lvy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitativelydescribing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statisticalphysics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicitdefinition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text isaimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, ma thematical biology and physics
Contents:Elements of Probability Theory
Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Microscopic, Mesoscopic and Macroscopic Descriptions of Dispersal
Continuous
Time Random Walks and Anomalous Diffusion
Reaction
Dispersal Models and Front Propagation
Stochastic Optimal Foraging Theory
Cell Motion and Chemotaxis
Host
Pathogen Interactions
Biological Invasions
Random Search in Model Organisms
ISBN:9783642390104
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Genetics Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319077284:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Influence of Demographic Stochasticity on Population Dynamics [electronic resource] : A Mathematical Study of Noise-Induced Bistable States and Stochastic Patterns
Author(s): Tommaso Biancalani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The dynamics of population systems cannot be understood within the framework of ordinary differential equations, which assume that the number of interacting agents is infinite. With recent advances in ecology, biochemistry andgenetics it is becoming increasingly clear that real systems are in fact subject to a great deal of noise. Relevant examples include social insects competing for resources, molecules undergoing chemical reactions in a cell and a poolof genomes subject to evolution.When the popul ation size is small, novel macroscopic phenomena can arise, which can be analyzed using the theory of stochastic processes. This thesis is centered on two unsolved problems in populationdynamics: the symmetry breaking observed in foraging populations, and the robustness of spatial patterns. We argue that these problems can be resolved with the help of two novel concepts: noise-induced bistable states and stochasticpatterns
ISBN:9783319077284
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037592:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Managing Complexity, Reducing Perplexity [electronic resource] : Modeling Biological Systems
Author(s): Marcello Delitala
Giulia Ajmone Marsan
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This bookis devoted to an overview of the status of the art in the study of complex systems, with particular focus on the analysis of systems pertaining to living matter. Both senior scientists and young researchers from diverseand prestigious instit utions with a deliberately interdisciplinary cut were invited, in order to compare approaches and problems from different disciplines.The common aim of the contributionsis to analyze the complexity of livingsystems by means of new mathematical paradigms t hat are more adherent to reality and which are able to generate both exploratory and predictive models that are capable of achieving a deeper insight into life science phenomena
Contents:Mathematical Ecology of Cancer. T.Hillen and M.A. Lewis
Quantitative Approaches to Heterogeneity and Growth Variability in Cell Populations. P. Macansantos and V. Quaranta
A Stochastic Model of Glioblastoma Invasion: the Impact of Phenotypic Switching. P.Gerlee and S.Nelander
A Hybrid Model for E. Coli Chemotaxis: from Signaling Pathway to Pattern Formation. F.Matthus
Multiscale Analysis and Modelling for Cancer Growth and Development. D. Trucu and M.A. J. Chaplain
A Non
linear Flux
limited Model for the Transport of Morphogens. Glycosylation: a Phenomenon Shared by all Domain
ISBN:9783319037592
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v67
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319029962:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Understanding Complex Urban Systems: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Modeling [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Walloth
Jens Martin Gurr
J. Alexander Schmidt
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Understanding Complex Urban Systems takes as its point of departure the insight that the challenges of global urbanization and the complexity of urban systems cannot be understood let alone managed by sectoral anddisciplinary approaches alone. But while there has recently been significant progress in broadening and refining the methodologies for the quantitative modeling of complex urban systems, in deepening the theoretical understanding ofcities as complex systems, or in illuminating the implicat ions for urban planning, there is still a lack of well-founded conceptual thinking on the methodological foundations and the strategies of modeling urban complexity across thedisciplines. Bringing together experts from the fields of urban and spatial plan ning, ecology, urban geography, real estate analysis, organizational cybernetics, stochastic optimization, and literary studies, as well as specialists invarious systems approaches and in transdisciplinary methodologies of urban analysis, the volume seeks to advance the discussion on multidisciplinary approaches to urban modeling. While engaging with the state of the art in theirrespective fields, the contributions are specifically written for both experts from a broad range of disciplines as well as for urban practitioners who feel the need for new approaches given the uncertainty of current developments
Contents:From the Contents: Introduction: Towards a Transdisciplinary Understanding of Complex Urban Systems
Multi
method Modeling and Simulation Supporting Urban Planning
Understanding Effects of Complexity in Cities During Disasters
Towards Evolutionary Economic Analysis of Sustainable Urban Real Estate:
Organized and Disorganized Complexities and Socio
Economic Implications in the Northern Ruhr Area
ISBN:9783319029962
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461495420:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional and Phylogenetic Ecology in R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nathan G Swenson
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Functional and PhylogeneticEcology in R is designed to teach readers to use R for phylogenetic and functional trait analyses. Over the past decade, a dizzying array of tools and methods were generated to incorporatephylogenetic and functional informa tion into traditional ecological analyses. Increasingly these tools are implemented in R, thus greatly expanding their impact. Researchers getting started in R can use this volume as a step-by-stepentryway into phylogenetic and functional analyses for eco logy in R. More advanced users will be able to use this volume as a quick reference to understand particular analyses. The volume begins with an introduction to the Renvironment and handling relevant data in R. Chapters then cover phylogenetic and functio nal metrics of biodiversity null modeling and randomizations for phylogenetic and functional trait analyses integrating phylogenetic andfunctional trait information and interfacing the R environment with a popular C-based program. This book presents a uni que approach through its focus on ecological analyses and not macroevolutionary analyses. The author provides hisown code, so that the reader is guided through the computational steps to calculate the desired metrics. This guided approach simplifies the w ork of determining which package to use for any given analysis. Example datasets are sharedto help readers practice, and readers can then quickly turn to their own datasets
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Phylogenetic Data in R
Phylogenetic Diversity
Functional Diversity
Phylogenetic & Functional Beta Diversity
Null Models
Comparative Methods & Phylogenetic Signal
Partitioning the Phylogenetic, Functional, Environmental and Spatial Components of Community Diversity
Integrating R with Other Phylogenetic and Functional Trait Analytical Software
References
Index
ISBN:9781461495420
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Use R!, 2197-5736
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Ecology , Evolution (Biology) , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461494263:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Harvesting Space for a Greener Earth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Greg Matloff
C Bangs
Les Johnson
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:What was our planet like in years past? How has our civilization affected Earth and its ecology? Harvesting Space for a Greener Planet, the Second Edition of Paradise Regained: The Regreening of the Earth, begins by discussingthese questions, and the n generates a scenario for the restoration of Earth. It introduces new and innovative ideas on how we could use the Solar System and its resources for terrestrial benefit. The environmental challenges that faceus today cannot be resolved by conservation a nd current technologies alone. Harvesting Space highlights the risk of humankinds future extinction from environmental degradation. Population growth, global climate change, andmaintaining sustainability of habitats for wildlife are all considered, among other issues. Rather than losing heart, we need to realize that the solutions to these problems lie in being good stewards of the planet and in thedevelopment of space. Not only will the solutions offered here avert a crisis, they will also provide the ba sis for continued technological and societal progress. Tapping the resources of near-Earth asteroids will lead to methods ofdiverting those asteroids that threaten Earth. Space-based terrestrial power generation systems will work synergistically with Eart h-based conservation. This book needs to be read urgently and widely, if we are to save ourselves fromenvironmental disaster, reduce the risk of catastrophic cosmic impacts, and build a prosperous and sustainable future for all the creatures of Earth
Contents:Introduction: Welcome to the Present
Space Utilization A Moral Imperative
Fire Formation of the Earth and the Solar System
Earth Before Man Utopia or Nightmare?
The Environmental Dilemma Progress or Collapse?
Exploding Population
Climate Change
Vanishing Life
Diminishing Energy
Humans Before the Industrial Age A Desirable Ecological Goal?
Part III Paradise Regained
Raw Materials from Space
Power from the Sun
Environmental Monitoring from Space
Protecting Earth
Mitigating Global Warming Using Planetary Engineering
Mitigating Gl
ISBN:9781461494263
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461461340:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Empirical Agent-Based Modelling - Challenges and Solutions [electronic resource] : Volume 1, The Characterisation and Parameterisation of Empirical Agent-Based Models
Author(s): Alexander Smajgl
Olivier Barreteau
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This instructional bookshowcases techniques to parameterise human agents in empirical agent-based models(ABM). In doing so, it provides a timely overview of key ABM methodologies and the most innovative approaches through avariety of empirical applic ations. It features cutting-edge research from leading academics and practitioners, and will provide a guide for characterising and parameterising human agents in empirical ABM.In order to facilitatelearning, this text shares the valuable experiences of o ther modellers in particular modelling situations. Very little has been published in the area of empirical ABM, and this contributed volume will appeal to graduate-level studentsand researchers studying simulation modeling in economics, sociology, ecology , and trans-disciplinary studies, such as topics related to sustainability. In a similar vein to the instruction found in a cookbook, this text provides theempirical modeller with a set of 'recipes' ready to be implemented. Agent-based modeling (ABM) is a powerful, simulation-modeling technique that has seen a dramatic increase in real-world applications in recent years. In ABM, asystem is modeled as a collection of autonomous decision-making entities called agents. Each agent individually assesses its si tuation and makes decisions on the basis of a set of rules. Agents may execute various behaviorsappropriate for the system they representfor example, producing, consuming, or selling. ABM is increasingly used for simulating real-world systems, such as nat ural resource use, transportation, public health, andconflict.Decision makers increasingly demand support that covers a multitude of indicators that can be effectively addressed using ABM. This is especially the case in situations where human behavior is identified as a criticalelement. As a result, ABM will only continue its rapid growth. This is the first volume in a series of books that aims to contribute to a cultural chan
Contents:Empiricism and agent based modelling
A case study on characterising and parameterising an agent based integrated model of recreational fishing and coral reef ecosystem dynamics
An Agent Based Model of Tourist Movements in New Zealand
Humanecosystem interaction in large ensemble model systems
Using Spatially Explicit Marketing Data to Build Social Simulations
ISBN:9781461461340
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Computer simulation , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642354977:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dispersal, Individual Movement and Spatial Ecology [electronic resource] : A Mathematical Perspective
Author(s): Mark A Lewis
Philip K Maini
Sergei V Petrovskii
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642354977
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2071
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642339141:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos and Complex Systems [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 4th International Interdisciplinary Chaos Symposium
Author(s): Stavros G Stavrinides
Santo Banerjee
Suleyman Hikmet Caglar
Mehmet Ozer
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Complexity Science and Chaos Theory are fascinating areas of scientific research with wide-ranging applications. The interdisciplinary nature and ubiquity of complexity and chaos are features that provides scientists with amotivation to pursue genera l theoretical tools and frameworks. Complex systems give rise to emergent behaviors, which in turn produce novel and interesting phenomena in science, engineering, as well as in the socio-economic sciences.The aim of all Symposia on Chaos and Complex Syst ems (CCS) is to bring together scientists, engineers, economists and social scientists, and to discuss the latest insights and results obtained in the area of correspondingnonlinear-system complex (chaotic) behavior. Especially for the 4th International I nterdisciplinary Chaos Symposium on Chaos and Complex Systems, which took place April 29th to May 2nd, 2012 in Antalya, Turkey, the scope of thesymposium had been further enlarged so as to encompass the presentation of work from circuits to econophysics, and from nonlinear analysis to the history of chaos theory. The corresponding proceedings collected in this volumeaddress a broad spectrum of contemporary topics, including but not limited to networks, circuits, systems, biology, evolution and ecology, n onlinear dynamics and pattern formation, as well as neural, psychological, psycho-social,socio-economic, management complexity and global systems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Two Element Chaotic and Hyperchaotic Circuits
LempelZiv Model of Dynamical
chaotic and Fibonacci
quasiperiodic Systems
A Novel Numerical Approach for Determining Chaotic Levels in Stadium Billiards
Fault
tolerant Tracker for Interconnected Large
scale Nonlinear systems with Input Constraint.
Non
equilibrium Systems and Mechanics of Structured Particles
Discovery of Dozy Chaos and Discovery of Quanta: Analogy Being in Scienceand Perhaps in Human Progress
Stability Boundaries of Transiently Non
Autonomous Chaotic NonlinearSystem : Graphical Approach
Chaos Synchr
ISBN:9783642339141
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642331312:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quasi-Stationary Distributions [electronic resource] : Markov Chains, Diffusions and Dynamical Systems
Author(s): Pierre Collet
Servet Martnez
Jaime San Martn
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Main concepts of quasi-stationary distributions (QSDs) for killed processes are the focus of the present volume. For diffusions, the killing is at the boundary and for dynamical systems there is a trap. The authors present theQSDs as the ones that al low describing the long-term behavior conditioned to not being killed. Studies in this research area started with Kolmogorov and Yaglom and in the last few decades have received a great deal of attention. Theauthors provide the exponential distribution pr operty of the killing time for QSDs, present the more general result on their existence and study the process of trajectories that survive forever. For birth-and-death chains anddiffusions, the existence of a single or a continuum of QSDs is described. Th ey study the convergence to the extremal QSD and give the classification of the survival process. In this monograph, the authors discuss Gibbs QSDs forsymbolic systems and absolutely continuous QSDs for repellers. The findings described are relevant to re searchers in the fields of Markov chains, diffusions, potential theory, dynamical systems, and in areas where extinction is acentral concept. The theory is illustrated with numerous examples. The volume uniquely presents the distribution behavior of indiv iduals who survive in a decaying population for a very long time. It also provides the background forapplications in mathematical ecology, statistical physics, computer sciences, and economics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1.Introduction
2.Quasi
stationary Distributions: General Results
3.Markov Chains on Finite Spaces
4.Markov Chains on Countable Spaces
5.Birth and Death Chains
6.Regular Diffusions on [0,)
7.Infinity as Entrance Boundary
8.Dynamical Systems
References
Index
Table of Notations
Citations Index.
ISBN:9783642331312
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Probability and Its Applications, 1431-7028
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Differential equations, partial , Genetics Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319010380:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Conflict Dynamics with Spatio-temporal Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrew Zammit-Mangion
Michael Dewar
Visakan Kadirkamanathan
Anad Flesken
Guido Sanguinetti
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This authored monograph presents the use of dynamic spatiotemporal modeling tools for the identification of complex underlying processes in conflict, such as diffusion, relocation, heterogeneous escalation, and volatility. Theauthors use ideas from s tatistics, signal processing, and ecology, and provide a predictive framework which is able to assimilate data and give confidence estimates on the predictions. The book also demonstrates the methods on theWikiLeaks Afghan War Diary, the results showing t hat this approach allows deeper insights into conflict dynamics and allows a strikingly statistically accurate forward prediction of armed opposition group activity in 2010, based solelyon data from preceding years. The target audience primarily comprises researchers and practitionersin the involved fields but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Conflict Data Sets and Point Patterns
Theory
Modelling and Prediction in Conflict: Afghanistan
ISBN:9783319010380
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology, 2191-530X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Distribution (Probability theory) , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034806152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution Equations Arising in the Modelling of Life Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Messoud Efendiev
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book deals with the modeling, analysis and simulation of problems arising in the life sciences, and especially in biological processes. The models and findings presented result from intensive discussions with microbiologists,doctors and medical staff, physicists, chemists and industrial engineers and are based on experimental data. They lead to a new class of degenerate density-dependent nonlinear reaction-diffusion convective equations that simultaneouslycomprise two kinds of degeneracy: porous -medium and fast-diffusion type degeneracy. To date, this class is still not clearly understood in the mathematical literature and thus especially interesting. The author both derivesrealistic life science models and their above-mentioned governing equat ions of the degenerate types and systematically studies these classes of equations. In each concrete case well-posedness, the dependence of solutions on boundaryconditions reflecting some properties of the environment, and the large-time behavior of solut ions are investigated and in some instances also studied numerically
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1 Auxiliary Materials
2 Global attractors for autonomous evolution equations
3 Verifying life science models containing diffusion, transport and interaction of species
4 Positivity criterion for systems of stochastic PDEs
Existence and longtime behaviour of a biofilm model
6 The blood coagulation cascade in a perfusion experiment: example from pharmaceutical industry
Index
ISBN:9783034806152
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Series of Numerical Mathematics : v163
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biological models , Ecology , Differential equations, partial , Physiology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476184:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roger S Bivand
Edzer Pebesma
Virgilio Gmez-Rubio
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, Second Edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to accessand visualise spatia l data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second partshowcases more specialised kinds of spatial d ata analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges fromstandard techniques to new developments, and the examples used ar e largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additionaldata sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edit ion covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that haveappeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to hand le, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who areinterested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatialdata, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. Thebook has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-boo
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface 2nd edition
Preface 1st edition
Hello World: Introducing Spatial Data
Classes for Spatial Data in R
Visualising Spatial Data
Spatial Data Import and Export
Further Methods for Handling Spatial Data
Classes for spatio
temporal Data
Spatial Point Pattern Analysis
Interpolation and Geostatistics
Modelling Areal Data
Disease Mapping
ISBN:9781461476184
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R! : v10
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461472858:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hear Where We Are [electronic resource] : Sound, Ecology, and Sense of Place
Author(s): Michael Stocker
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Throughout history, hearing and sound perception have been typically framed in the context of how sound conveys information and how that information influences the listener. Hear Where We Are inverts this premise and examines howhumans and other hear ing animals use sound to establish acoustical relationships with their surroundings. This simple inversion reveals a panoply of possibilities by which we can re-evaluate how hearing animals use, produce, andperceive sound. Nuance in vocalizations become s ignals of enticement or boundary setting silence becomes a field ripe in auditory possibilities predator/prey relationships are infused with acoustic deception, and sounds that havebeen considered territorial cues become the fabric of cooperative acoustic al communities. This inversion also expands the context of sound perception into a larger perspective that centers on biological adaptation within acoustichabitats. Here, the rapid synchronized flight patterns of flocking birds and the tight maneuvering o f schooling fish becomes an acoustic engagement. Likewise, when stridulating crickets synchronize their summer evening chirrups, it hasmore to do with the cricket community monitoring their collective boundaries rather than individual crickets establishin g personal territory or breeding fitness. In Hear Where We Are the author continuously challenges manyof the bio-acoustic orthodoxies, reframing the entire inquiry into sound perception and communication. By moving beyond our common assumptions, many of t he mysteries of acoustical behavior become revealed, exposing a fresh and fertilepanorama of acoustical experience and adaptation. Praise for Hear Where We Are: Hear Where We Are is as poetic as it is informative - in the tradition of some of the best sci entific writing. Julia Whitty, Author, Deep Blue Home:An Intimate Ecology of Our Wild Ocean Hear Where We Are opens up an entirely new way of understanding not only sound perception
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Hear Here the impact of sound on personal placement
The Song of Creation
What is this thing called sound?
Sound Menagerie other animals sound perception
Communication Sound into Form
ISBN:9781461472858
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Oceanography , Animal behavior , Ecology , Acoustics , Life sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789491216473:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Differential Games. Theory and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kandethody M Ramachandran
Chris P Tsokos
Date:2012
Publisher:Paris : Atlantis Press
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Conflicts in the form of wars, or competition among countries and industrial institutions are plenty in human history. The introduction of game theory in the middle of the twentieth century shed insights and enabled researchers toanalyze this subject with mathematical rigor. From the ground-breaking work of VonNeumann and Morgenston, modern game theory evolved enormously. In the last few decades, Dynamic game theory framework has been deepened and generalizedfrom the pioneering work on differential g ames by R. Isaacs, L.S. Pontryagin and his school, and on stochastic games by Shapley. This book will expose the reader to some of the fundamental methodology in non-cooperative game theory,and highlight some numerical methods, along with some relevant ap plications. Since the early development days, differential game theory has had a significant impact in such diverse disciplines as applied mathematics, economics, systemstheory, engineering, operations, research, biology, ecology, environmental sciences, among others. Modern game theory now relies on wide ranging mathematical and computational methods, and relevant applications that are rich andchallenging. Game theory has been widely recognized as an important tool in many fields. Importance of game theo ry to economics is illustrated by the fact that numerous game theorists, such as John Forbes Nash, Jr., Robert J. Aumannand Thomas C. Schelling, have won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics Sciences. Simply put, game-theory has the potential to reshape the analysis of human interaction
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction, Survey and Background Material
Stochastic Linear Pursuit
Evasion Game
Two Person Zero
Sum Differential Games
General Case
Formal Solutions for Some Classes of Stochastic Linear Pursuit
N
Person Noncooperative Differential Games
Weak Convergence in Two Player Stochastic Differential Games
Weak Convergence in Many Player Games
Some Numerical Methods
Applications to Finance
ISBN:9789491216473
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Atlantis Studies in Probability and Statistics, 1879-6893 : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461436157:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Essentials of Stochastic Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard Durrett
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book is for a first course in stochastic processes taken by undergraduates or masters students who have had a course in probability theory. It covers Markov chains in discrete and continuous time, Poisson processes,renewal processes, martingales , and mathematical finance. One can only learn a subject by seeing it in action, so there are a large number of examples and more than 300 carefully chosen exercises to deepen the readers understanding The book has undergone a thorough revision since the first edition. There are many new examples and problems with solutions that use the TI-83 to eliminate the tedious details of solving linear equations by hand. Some material thatwas too advanced for the level has been eliminated while the treatment of oth er topics useful for applications has been expanded. In addition, the ordering of topics has been improved. For example, the difficult subject ofmartingales is delayed until its usefulness can be seen in the treatment of mathematical finance. Richard Dur rett received his Ph.D. in Operations Research from Stanford in 1976. He taught at the UCLA math department for nine yearsand at Cornell for twenty-five before moving to Duke in 2010. He is the author of 8 books and almost 200 journal articles, and has su pervised more that 40 Ph.D. students. Most of his current research concerns the applications ofprobability to biology: ecology, genetics, and most recently cancer
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Markov Chains
Poisson Processes
Renewal Processes
Continuous Time Markov Chains
Martingales
Mathematical Finance
A Review of Probability
ISBN:9781461436157
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461407546:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): My T Thai
Panos M Pardalos
Date:2012
Edition:1
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Complex Networks is a newly emerging field with applications in a variety of domains, such as communication networks, engineering networks, social networks, and biological networks. There has been an explosive growth of researchon complex real-world networks, a theme that is becoming pervasive in many disciplines ranging from mathematics and computer science to the social and biological sciences. Optimization of complex networks with real-world applicationsrequires a deep understanding of the interpl ay between the dynamics of the physical network and the information dynamics within the network. The Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Theory and Applications provides the basictheory of these networks with several new mathematical approaches and optimization techniques to design and analyze dynamic complex networks. The volume features a wide range of applications and optimization problems derived fromresearch areas such as computer science, operations research, cellular and molecular chemis try, brain physiology, epidemiology, and ecology. This volume, as well as its companion (The Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks:Communication and Social Networks ISBN: 978-1-4614-0856-7) is an excellent resource for graduate students, researcher s, and practitioners who wish to learn about the most up to date theory and applications on optimization of complexreal-world networks.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Optimization in Designing Complex Communication Networks (F.S.H. Souza, G.R. Mateus, A.S. Cunha)
2. Fitness
based Generative Models for Power
Law Networks (K. Nguyen, D.A. Tran)
3. Double Pareto Lognormal Distributions in Complex Networks (Z. Fang, J. Wang, B. Liu, W. Gong)
4. Laplacian Spectra and Synchronization Processes on Complex Networks (J. Chen, J. Lu, C. Zhan, G. Chen)
5. Growing Networks driven by the Evolutionary Prisoners Dilemma Game (J. Poncela, J. Gomez
Gardenes, L.M. Floria, Y. Moreno)
6. Defining and Discovering Communities in Social Networks (S
ISBN:9781461407546
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 1931-6828 : v57
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer Communication Networks , Mathematical optimization , Telecommunication
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642204234:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Viability and Resilience of Complex Systems [electronic resource] : Concepts, Methods and Case Studies from Ecology and Society
Author(s): Guillaume Deffuant
Nigel Gilbert
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:One common characteristic of a complex system is its ability to withstand major disturbances and the capacity to rebuild itself. Understanding how such systems demonstrate resilience by absorbing or recovering from major externalperturbations require s both quantitative foundations and a multidisciplinary view of the topic. This book demonstrates how new methods can be used to identify the actions favouring the recovery from perturbations on a variety ofexamples including the dynamics of bacterial bio films, grassland savannahs, language competition and Internet social networking sites. The reader is taken through an introduction to the idea of resilience and viability and shown themathematical basis of the techniques used to analyse systems. The idea of individual or agent-based modelling of complex systems is introduced and related to analytically tractable approximations of such models. A set of case studiesillustrates the use of the techniques in real applications, and the final section describes h ow one can use new software tools for carrying out the necessary calculations. The book is intended for a general scientific audience ofreaders from the natural and social sciences, although it requires some mathematics to gain a full understanding of the more theoretical chapters. It is an essential point of reference for those interested in the practical applicationof the concepts of resilience and viability
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I Concepts
What is Resilience? A Short Introduction
Defining Resilience Mathematically: From Attractors to Viability
Part II Case Studies
Viability and Resilience in the Dynamics of Language Competition
Viable Web Communities:Two Case Studies
Computational Savanna Models and Viability Based Resilience
Viability and Resilience of a Bacterial Biofilm Individual
Based Model
Part III Tools and Techniques
Approximating Viability Kernels and Resilience Values with KAVIAR
Geometric Robustness of Viability Kernels and Resilience Basins
ISBN:9783642204234
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Social sciences , Computer simulation , Ecology , Mathematics , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441979766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical Ecology with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel Borcard
Francois Gillet
Pierre Legendre
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Numerical Ecology with R provides a long-awaited bridge between a textbook in Numerical Ecology and the implementation of this discipline in the R language. After short theoretical overviews, the authors accompany the usersthrough the exploration of the methods by means of applied and extensively commented examples. Users are invited to use this book as a teaching companion at the computer. The travel starts with exploratory approaches, proceeds with theconstruction of associationmatrices, then addre sses three families of methods: clustering, unconstrained and canonical ordination,and spatial analysis. All the necessary data files, the scripts used in the chapters, as well as theextra R functions and packages written by the authors, can be downloaded from a web page accessible through the Springer web site(http://adn.biol.umontreal.ca/~numericalecology/numecolR/). This book is aimed at professionalresearchers, practitioners, graduate students and teachers in ecology, environmental science and enginee ring, and in related fields such as oceanography, molecular ecology, agriculture and soil science, who already have a background ingeneral and multivariate statistics and wish to apply this knowledge to their data using the R language, as well as people w illing to accompany their disciplinary learning with practical applications. People from other fields (e.g.geology, geography, paleoecology, phylogenetics, anthropology, the social and education sciences, etc.) may also benefit from the materials presente d in this book. The three authors teach numerical ecology, both theoretical andpractical, to a wide array of audiences, in regular courses in their Universities and in short courses given around the world. Daniel Borcard is lecturer of Biostatistics and E cology and researcher in Numerical Ecology at Universitde Montral, Qubec, Canada. Franois Gillet is professor of Community Ecology and Ecological Modelling at Universit de Franche-Comt,
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Exploratory data analysis
Association measures and matrices
Cluster analysis
Unconstrained ordination
Canonical ordination
Spatial analysis of ecological data
ISBN:9781441979766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Epidemiology , Statistical methods , Ecology , Forests and forestry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857291158:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Short History of Mathematical Population Dynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nicolas Bacar
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:

As Eugene Wigner stressed, mathematics has proven unreasonably effective in the physical sciences and their technological applications. The role of mathematics in the biological, medical and social sciences has been much moremodest but has recentl y grown thanks to the simulation capacity offered by modern computers.

This book traces the history of population dynamics---a theoretical subject closely connected to genetics, ecology, epidemiology anddemography---where mathematics has brought si gnificant insights. It presents an overview of the genesis of several important themes: exponential growth, from Euler and Malthus to the Chinese one-child policy the development ofstochastic models, from Mendel's laws and the question of extinction of fa mily names to percolation theory for the spread of epidemics, and chaotic populations, where determinism and randomness intertwine.

The reader of thisbook will see, from a different perspective, the problems that scientists face when governments as k for reliable predictions to help control epidemics (AIDS, SARS, swine flu), manage renewable resources (fishing quotas, spread ofgenetically modified organisms) or anticipate demographic evolutions such as aging.

Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Fibonacci sequence (1202)
Halleys life table (1693)
Euler and the geometric growth of populations (17481761)
Daniel Bernoulli, dAlembert and the inoculation of smallpox (1760)
Malthus and the obstacles to geometric growth (1798)
Verhulst and the logistic equation (1838)
Bienaym, Cournot and the extinction of family names (18451847)
Mendel and heredity (1865)
Galton, Watson and the extinction problem (18731875)
Lotka and stable population theory (19071911)
The HardyWeinberg law (1908)
Ross and malaria (1911)
Lotka, Volterra and the
ISBN:9780857291158
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Genetics Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Mathematics_$xHistory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780817649043:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards an Information Theory of Complex Networks [electronic resource] : Statistical Methods and Applications
Author(s): Matthias Dehmer
Frank Emmert-Streib
Alexander Mehler
Date:2011
Edition:1
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:For over a decade, complex networks have steadily grown as an important tool across abroad array of academic disciplines, with applications ranging from physics to social media.A tightly organizedcollectionofcarefully-selected papers on the subject, Towards an Information Theory of Complex Networks: Statistical Methods and Applications presents theoretical and practical results about information-theoretic and statisticalmodels of complex networks in the natural sciences and humanities.The book'smajor goal is to advocate and promote a combination of graph-theoretic, information-theoretic, and statistical methods as a way to better understand andcharacterize real-world networks. This volume is the first to present a self-contained, comprehensive overvi ew of information-theoretic modelsof complex networks with an emphasis on applications. It begins with four chaptersdeveloping the most significant formal-theoretical issues of network modeling,butthe majority of the book is devoted tocombining theoretica l results with an empirical analysis of real networks. Specific topics include: chemicalgraph theory ecosystem interaction dynamics social ontologies language networks software systems Thiswork marks a first step toward establishing advanced statistical i nformation theory as a unified theoretical basis of complexnetworksfor allscientific disciplines. As such, itcan serve asa valuable resource foradiverse audience of advanced students and professional scientists.It is primarilyintendedas a reference for re search, but couldalso be a useful supplemental graduate text in courses related to information science, graph theory, machine learning, and computational biology, among others
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Entropy of Digraphs and Infinite Networks
An Information
Theoretic Upper Bound on Planar Graphs Using Well
orderly Maps
Probabilistic Inference Using Function Factorization and Divergence Minimization
Wave Localization on Complex Networks
Information
Theoretic Methods in Chemical Graph Theory
On the Development and Application of Net
Sign Graph Theory
The Central Role of Information Theory in Ecology
Inferences About Coupling from Ecological Surveillance Monitoring
Markov Entropy Centrality
Social Ontologies as Generalizedd Nearly Acyclic Directed Graphs
ISBN:9780817649043
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Coding theory , Artificial intelligence , Physiology Mathematics , Telecommunication
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048123223:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV VII Geostatistics for Environmental Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): P. M Atkinson
C. D Lloyd
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume brings together selected contributions from geoENV 2008, the 7th International Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, held in Southampton, UK, in September 2008. This book presents thestate-of-the-art in geostatistics for the environmental sciences. It includes a wide range of methodological advances and applications. It offers insight and guidance for researchers, professionals, graduate students and others seekinginformation on the latest perspectives in the field. The rich body of applications will enable those new to geostatistics to assess the utility of the methods for their own applications. The book includes 35 chapters on topics asdiverse as methodological developments, applications in the soil sciences, clim atology, pollution, health, wildlife mapping, fisheries and remote sensing, amongst other areas. With its focus on environmental applications ofgeostatistics, rather than the more traditional geostatistical remit of mining and petroleum exploration, this book is part of a series that presents an invaluable resource. This book will be a first port of call for those who wish toapply geostatistical methods in the environmental sciences. Audience: Researchers, scientists, professionals, institutes, libraries, graduate students of geosciences, geostatistics, spatial statistics, environmental science andengineering, ecology, oceanography, climatology, hydrology, soil and forestry science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Geostatistical modelling of wildlife populations: a non
stationary hierarchical model for count data
Incorporating survey data to improve space
time geostatistical analysis of King Prawn catch rate
Multivariate interpolation of monthly precipitation amount in the United Kingdom
Extreme precipitation modelling using geostatistics and machine learning algorithms
On geostatistical analysis of rainfall using data from boundary sites
Geostatistics Applied to the City of Porto Urban Climatology
Integrating Meteorological Dynamic Data and Historical Data into a Stochastic
ISBN:9789048123223
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v16
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Environmental sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642114434:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reaction-Transport Systems [electronic resource] : Mesoscopic Foundations, Fronts, and Spatial Instabilities
Author(s): Werner Horsthemke
Sergei Fedotov
Vicenc Mendez
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is an introduction to the dynamics of reaction-diffusion systems, with a focus on fronts and stationary spatial patterns. Emphasis is on systems that are non-standard in the sense that either the transport is not simplyclassical diffusion ( Brownian motion) or the system is not homogeneous. A important feature is the derivation of the basic phenomenological equations from the mesoscopic system properties. Topics addressed include transport withinertia, described by persistent random walks an d hyperbolic reaction-transport equations and transport by anomalous diffusion, in particular subdiffusion, where the mean square displacement grows sublinearly with time. In particularreaction-diffusion systems are studied where the medium is in turn eit her spatially inhomogeneous, compositionally heterogeneous or spatially discrete. Applications span a vast range of interdisciplinary fields and the systemsconsidered can be as different as human or animal groups migrating under external influences, popul ation ecology and evolution, complex chemical reactions, or networks of biological cells. Several chapters treat these applications indetail
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Reaction Kinetics
Reactions and Transport: Diffusion Inertia, and Subdiffusion
Random Walks and Mesoscopic Reaction
Transport Equations
Reaction
Diffusion Fronts
Reaction
Transport Fronts Propagating into Unstable States
Reaction
Diffusion Fronts in Complex Structures
Ecological Applications
Biomedical Applications
Persistence and Extinction of Populations in Finite Domains
Turing Instabilities in Homogeneous Systems
Turing Instabilities in Reaction
Diffusion Systems With Temporally or Spatially Varying Parameters
Chemical and Biological Applications of Turing
ISBN:9783642114434
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemical engineering , Ecology , Genetics Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642046315:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Abstract Parabolic Evolution Equations and their Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Atsushi Yagi
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The semigroup methods are known as a powerful tool for analyzing nonlinear diffusion equations and systems. The author has studied abstract parabolic evolution equations and their applications to nonlinear diffusion equations andsystems for more than 30 years. He gives first, after reviewing the theory of analytic semigroups, an overview of the theories of linear, semilinear and quasilinear abstract parabolic evolution equations as well as general strategiesfor constructing dynamical systems, attract ors and stable-unstable manifolds associated with those nonlinear evolution equations. In the second half of the book, he shows how to apply the abstract results to various models in the realworld focusing on various self-organization models: semiconducto r model, activator-inhibitor model, B-Z reaction model, forest kinematic model, chemotaxis model, termite mound building model, phase transition model, and Lotka-Volterracompetition model. The process and techniques are explained concretely in order to an alyze nonlinear diffusion models by using the methods of abstract evolution equations. Thus the present book fills the gaps of related titles thateither treat only very theoretical examples of equations or introduce many interesting models from Biology an d Ecology, but do not base analytical arguments upon rigorous mathematical theories
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642046315
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Monographs in Mathematics, 1439-7382
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Differential equations, partial , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441972132:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Radiation Effects on Mammals [electronic resource] : A Dynamical Modeling Approach
Author(s): Olga A Smirnova
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This text is devoted to the theoretical studies of radiation effects on mammals. It uses the framework of developed deterministic mathematical models to investigate the effects of both acute and chronic irradiation in a wide rangeof doses and dose ra tes on vital body systems including hematopoiesis, small intestine and humoral immunity, as well as on the development of autoimmune diseases. Thus, these models can contribute to the development of the system andquantitative approaches in radiation biolo gy and ecology. This text is also of practical use. Its modeling studies of the dynamics of granulocytopoiesis and thrombocytopoiesis in humans testify to the efficiency of employment of thedeveloped models in the investigation and prediction of radiation effects on these hematopoietic lines. These models, as well as the properly identified models of other vital body systems, could provide a better understanding of theradiation risks to health. The modeling predictions will enable the implementation of mo re effective preventive and protective measures for people residing in areas with elevated radiation background and astronauts on long-term spacemissions. Lastly, the models of the radiation-induced mortality established the theoretical foundations of a n ew individual-based approach to radiation risk assessment. These models thus enable one to predict the mortality dynamics andaverage life-span shortening for individuals and populations exposed to acute and low-level chronic radiation. Because of its theo retical and practical benefits, this book is as useful for academics, scientists and researchers workingin the field of mathematical modeling of biological systems as it is for those working in the fields of radiation biology, ecology and medicine. It is equally useful for Aerospace companies and various corporations that contend withthe problems of environmental protection and radiation safety
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Chapter 1: Radiation Effects on the Blood
Forming System
Chapter 2: The Small Intestine as a Target for Radiation
Chapter 3: Radiation and Humoral Immunity
Chapter 4: Modeling of Autoimmune Processes
Chapter 5: Individual
Based Approach to Radiation Risk Assessment
Conclusions
Index
ISBN:9781441972132
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Animal Physiology , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441965622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Complex Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nino Boccara
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Modeling Complex Systems, 2nd Edition, explores the process of modeling complex systems, providing examples from such diverse fields as ecology, epidemiology, sociology, seismology, and economics. It illustrates how models ofcomplex systems are built and provides indispensable mathematical tools for studying their dynamics. This vital introductory text is useful for advanced undergraduate students in various scientific disciplines, and serves as animportant reference book for graduate students and yo ung researchers. This enhanced second edition includes: . -recent research results and bibliographic references -extra footnotes which provide biographical information on citedscientists who have made significant contributions to the field -new and improv ed worked-out examples to aid a students comprehension of the content -exercises to challenge the reader and complement the material Nino Boccara is alsothe author of Essentials of Mathematica: With Applications to Mathematics and Physics (Springer, 2007)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
How to Build Up a Model
Differential Equations
Recurrence Equations
Chaos
Spatial Models
Networks
Power
Law Distributions
Glossary
References
Index
ISBN:9781441965622
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Systems theory , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9780387922577:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spatial Statistics and Modeling [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carlo Gaetan
Xavier Guyon
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Spatial statistics are useful in subjects as diverse as climatology, ecology, economics, environmental and earth sciences, epidemiology, image analysis and more. This book covers the best-known spatial models for three types ofspatial data: geostatis tical data (stationarity, intrinsic models, variograms, spatial regression and space-time models), areal data (Gibbs-Markov fields and spatial auto-regression) and point pattern data (Poisson, Cox, Gibbs andMarkov point processes). The level is relatively advanced, and the presentation concise but complete. The most important statistical methods and their asymptotic properties are described, including estimation in geostatistics,autocorrelation and second-order statistics, maximum likelihood methods, appr oximate inference using the pseudo-likelihood or Monte-Carlo simulations, statistics for point processes and Bayesian hierarchical models. A chapter isdevoted to Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation (Gibbs sampler, Metropolis-Hastings algorithms and exact simulation). A large number of real examples are studied with R, and each chapter ends with a set of theoretical and appliedexercises. While a foundation in probability and mathematical statistics is assumed, three appendices introduce some necessary back ground. The book is accessible to senior undergraduate students with a solid math background and Ph.D.students in statistics. Furthermore, experienced statisticians and researchers in the above-mentioned fields will find the book valuable as a mathematica lly sound reference. This book is the English translation of Modlisation etStatistique Spatiales published by Springer in the series Mathmatiques & Applications, a series established by Socit de Mathmatiques Appliques et Industrielles (SMAI). Carlo Gaetan is Associate Professor of Statistics in theDepartment of Statistics at the Ca' Foscari University of Venice. Xavier Guyon is Professor Emeritus at the University of Paris 1 Panthon-Sorbon
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Second order spatial models and geostatistics
Gibbs
Markov random fields on networks
Spatial point processes
Simulation of spatial models
Statistics for spatial models
ISBN:9780387922577
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical geography , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics , Environmental sciences , Econometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540311577:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Weak Links [electronic resource] : The Universal Key to the Stability of Networks and Complex Systems
Author(s): Peter Csermely
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:How can our societies be stabilized in a crisis? Why can we enjoy and understand Shakespeare? Why are fruitflies uniform? How do omnivorous eating habits aid our survival? What makes the Mona Lisas smile beautiful? How dowomen keep our social structu res intact? Could there possibly be a single answer to all these questions? This book shows that the statement: weak links stabilize complex systems provides the key to understanding each of theseintriguing puzzles, and many others too. The author (recip ient of several distinguished science communication prizes) uses weak (low affinity, low probability) interactions as a thread to introduce a vast variety of networks fromproteins to economics and ecosystems. Many people, from Nobel Laureates to high-scho ol students have helped to make the book understandable to all interested readers. This unique book and the ideas it develops will have a significantimpact on many, seemingly diverse, fields of study. A very personal, engaging, and unique book that will a ppeal to readers and get them thinking Steve Strogatz An adventurous, entertainingly eclectic and rich work both for experts andlaymen Lszl-Albert Barabsi This masterpiece should serve as an example of how science can be discussed Gyrgy Buzski Outstanding - I wish more books were written this way Daniel J. Bilar
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Principle is Born: The Granovetter Study
Why Do We Like Networks?
Network Stability
Weak Links as Stabilizers of Complex Systems
Atoms, Molecules and Macromolecules
Weak Links and Cellular Stability
Weak Links and the Stability of Organisms
Social Nets
Networks of Human Culture
The Global Web
The Ecoweb
Conclusions and Perspectives
ISBN:9783540311577
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Proteomics , Biomedical engineering , Mathematics , Life sciences , Engineering , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387981857:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Data Analysis with R and MATLAB [electronic resource]
Author(s): James Ramsay
Giles Hooker
Spencer Graves
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Scientists often collect samples of curves and other functional observations, and develop models where parameters are also functions. This volume in the UseR! Series is aimed at a wide range of readers, and especially those whowould like apply these techniques to their research problems. It complements Functional Data Analysis, Second Edition and Applied Functional Data Analysis: Methods and Case Studies by providing computer code in both the R and Matlablanguages for a set of data analyses that show case functional data analysis techniques. The authors make it easy to get up and running in new applications by adapting the code for the examples, and by being able to access the detailsof key functions within these pages. This book is accompanied by add itional web-based support at http://www.functionaldata.org for applying existing functions and developing new ones in either language. The companion 'fda' package forR includes script files to reproduce nearly all the examples in the book including all bu t one of the 76 figures. Jim Ramsay is Professor Emeritus at McGill University and is an international authority on many aspects of multivariateanalysis. He was President of the Statistical Society of Canada in 2002-3 and holds the Societys Gold Medal for his work in functional data analysis. His statistical work draws on his collaboration with researchers in biomechanics,chemical engineering, climatology, ecology, economics, human biology, medicine and psychology. Giles Hooker is Assistant Professor of B iological Statistics and Computational Biology at Cornell University. His research interests includestatistical inference in nonlinear dynamics, machine learning and computational statistics. Spencer Graves is an engineer with a PhD in Statistics and over 15 years experience using S-Plus and R to analyze data in a broad range ofapplications. He has made substantive contributions to several CRAN packages including fda and DierckxSpline.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to functional data analysis
Essential comparisons of the Matlab and R languages
How to specify basis systems for building functions
How to build functional data objects
Smoothing: Computing curves from noisy data
Descriptions of functional data
Exploring variation: Functional principal and canonical components analysis
Registration: Aligning features for samples of curves
Functional linear models for scalar responses
Linear models for functional responses
Functional models and dynamics
ISBN:9780387981857
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Marketing , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387938370:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Beginner's Guide to R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alain F Zuur
Elena N Ieno
Erik Meesters
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Based on their extensive experience with teaching R and statistics to applied scientists, the authors provide a beginner's guide to R. To avoid the difficulty of teaching R and statistics at the same time, statistical methods arekept to a minimum. Th e text covers how to download and install R, import and manage data, elementary plotting, an introduction to functions, advanced plotting, and common beginner mistakes. This book contains everything you need toknow to get started with R. Its biggest advan tage is that it aims only to teach R...It organizes R commands very efficiently, with much teaching guidance included. I would describe this book as being handy--it's the kind of book thatyou want to keep in your jacket pocket or backpack all the time, re ady for use, like a Swiss Army knife. (Loveday Conquest, University of Washington) Whilst several books focus on learning statistics in R..., the authors of thisbook fill a gap in the market by focusing on learning R whilst almost completely avoiding any statistical jargon...The fact that the authors have very extensive experience of teaching R to absolute beginners shines throughout. (MarkMainwaring, Lancaster University) Exactly what is needed...This is great, nice work. I love the ecological/biological examples they will be an enormous help. (Andrew J. Tyne, University of Nebraska-Lincoln) Alain F. Zuur is seniorstatistician and director of Highland Statistics Ltd., a statistical consultancy company based in the UK. He has taught statistics to more tha n 5000 ecologists. He is honorary research fellow in the School of Biological Sciences,Oceanlab, at the University of Aberdeen, UK. Elena N. Ieno is senior marine biologist and co-director at Highland Statistics Ltd. She has been involved in guiding PhD s tudents on the design and analysis of ecological data. She ishonorary research fellow in the School of Biological Sciences, Oceanlab, at the University of Aberdeen, UK. Erik H.W.G. Meesters is a
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Getting Data into R
Accessing Variables and Managing Subsets of Data
Simple Functions
An Introduction to Basic Plotting Tools
Loops and Functions
Graphing Tools
An Introduction to the Lattice Package
Common R Mistakes
ISBN:9780387938370
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Ecology , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387781518:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Demographic Processes In Marked Populations [electronic resource]
Author(s): David L Thomson
Evan G Cooch
Michael J Conroy
Date:2009
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Much of biology can be understood in terms of demography. It is the demographic processes of birth and death which govern rates of population growth and the rates at which gene frequencies change. The analysis of demographicprocesses in free-living o rganisms is, however, far from simple. Scientists from diverse fields in biology and statistics have united to address the challenges by developing mark-recapture methods and other approaches. Progress hasbeen rapid, and this volume represents a snapshot of the emerging field. It has eleven sections in total, covering the most important biological and statistical frontiers, new software developments, and an open forum. It covers thelatest approaches in modeling population dynamics, evolutionary ecology an d wildlife biology. It addresses issues in the estimation of abundance and movement, and it covers new statistical approaches in the combination of information,Bayesian statistics, Robust Designs and the modeling of state-uncertainty
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Abundance Estimation: Direct, Proxies and Point Counts
Population Dynamics
Combining Sources of Information
Dispersal, Movement and Migration
State Uncertainty: Assignment Error and Unobservable States
Bayesian Applications: Advances, Random Effects and Hierarchical Models
Evolutionary Ecology
Wildlife and Conservation Management
New Software Developments for Modeling Demographic Processes
Open Forum
ISBN:9780387781518
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Environmental and Ecological Statistics : v3
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Environmental sciences , Nature Conservation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387772387:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamic Linear Models with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Patrizia Campagnoli
Sonia Petrone
Giovanni Petris
Date:2009
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:State space models have gained tremendous popularity in recent years in as disparate fields as engineering, economics, genetics and ecology. After a detailed introduction to general state space models, this book focuses ondynamic linear models, empha sizing their Bayesian analysis. Whenever possible it is shown how to compute estimates and forecasts in closed form for more complex models, simulation techniques are used. A final chapter covers modernsequential Monte Carlo algorithms. The book illustrat es all the fundamental steps needed to use dynamic linear models in practice, using R. Many detailed examples based on real data sets are provided to show how to set up a specificmodel, estimate its parameters, and use it for forecasting. All the code use d in the book is available online. No prior knowledge of Bayesian statistics or time series analysis is required, although familiarity with basic statisticsand R is assumed. Giovanni Petris is Associate Professor at the University of Arkansas. He has publ ished many articles on time series analysis, Bayesian methods, and Monte Carlo techniques, and has served on National Science Foundationreview panels. He regularly teaches courses on time series analysis at various universities in the US and in Italy. An active participant on the R mailing lists, he has developed and maintains a couple of contributed packages. SoniaPetrone is Associate Professor of Statistics at Bocconi University,Milano. She has published research papers in top journals in the areas of B ayesian inference, Bayesian nonparametrics, and latent variables models. She is interested inBayesian nonparametric methods for dynamic systems and state space models and is an active member of the International Society of Bayesian Analysis. Patrizia Camp agnoli received her PhD in Mathematical Statistics from the University ofPavia in 2002. She was Assistant Professor at the University of Milano-Bicocca and currently works for a financial software comp
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: basic notions about Bayesian inference
Dynamic linear models
Model specification
Models with unknown parameters
Sequential Monte Carlo methods
ISBN:9780387772387
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783764385910:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Aspects of Mathematical Modelling [electronic resource] : Applications in Science, Medicine, Economics and Management
Author(s): Roger J Hosking
Ezio Venturino
Date:2008
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The construction of mathematical models is an essential scientific activity. Mathematics has long been associated with developments in the exact sciences and engineering, but more recently mathematical modelling has been used toinvestigate complex sy stems that arise in many other fields. The contributors to this book demonstrate the application of mathematics to modern research topics in ecology and environmental science, health and medicine, phylogeneticsand neural networks, theoretical chemistry, e conomics and management. The reader will find some review papers outlining current research directions in hot topics such as pattern formation and applications to medicine, and more targetedresearch papers on current developments in the various discipline s included. Both should provide insight and inspiration for further work on these subjects. The extensive relevant literature cited in some of the survey expositoryarticles is another feature
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Mathematical Models of Pattern Formation in Planktonic Predation
Diffusion Systems: A Review
Toward a General Theory of Ecosystem Stability: Plankton
Nutrient Interaction as a Paradigm
Nutrient, Non
Toxic Phytoplankton, Toxic Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Interaction in an Open Marine System
Stability and Optimal Harvesting in a Stage Structure Predator
Prey Switching Strategy
Reducing the Emission of Pollutants in Industrial Wastewater through the Use of Membrane Bioreactors
Insecticidal Bt Crops under Massive Bt
resistant Pest Invasion: Mathematical Simulatio
ISBN:9783764385910
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540850816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unifying Themes in Complex Systems [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Complex Systems
Author(s): Ali Minai
Dan Braha
Yaneer Bar-Yam
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS) creates a unique atmosphere for scientists of all fields, engineers, physicians, executives, and a host of other professionals to explore the common themes and applications ofcomplex systems scie nce. In June 2006, 500 participants convened in Boston for the sixth ICCS, exploring an array of topics, including networks, systems biology, evolution and ecology, nonlinear dynamics and pattern formation, as wellas neural, psychological, psycho-social, socio-economic, and global systems. This volume selects 77 papers from over 300 presented at the conference. With this new volume, Unifying Themes in Complex Systems continues to build commonground between the wide-ranging domains of complex systems scien ce
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Methods
Part II: Models
Part III: Applications
ISBN:9783540850816
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Artificial intelligence , Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540792260:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modlisation et statistique spatiales [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carlo Gaetan
Xavier Guyon
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:La statistique spatiale connat un dveloppement important du fait de son utilisation dans de nombreux domaines : sciences de la terre, environnement et climatologie, pidmiologie, conomtrie, analyse dimage, etc Celivre prsente les principaux modles spa tiaux utiliss ainsi que leur statistique pour les trois types de donnes : gostatistiques (observation sur un domaine continu), donnes sur rseau discret, donnes ponctuelles.Lobjectif est prsenter de faon concise mais mathmatiquement complte les modles les plus classiques (second ordre et variogramme modle latticiel et champ de Gibbs-Markov processus ponctuels) ainsi que leur simulationpar algorithme MCMC. Vient ensuite la prsentation des outils statistiques utiles leur tude. De nombreux exemples utilisa nt R illustrent les sujets abords. Chaque chapitre est complt par des exercices et une annexeprsente brivement les outils probabilistes et statistiques utiles la statistique de champs alatoires. In recent years spatial statistics has been widely applied in diverse areas such as climatology, ecology, economy,epidemiology, image analysis, etc. This volume illustrates the main spatial models and the current statistical methods for point-referenced, areal data and point pattern data with an emphasis on recen t simulation techniques such asMCMC algorithms. The presentation is concise but mathematically rigorous and the proposed methods are illustrated using real data and the software R. Some exercises complete each chapter. The volume is accessible for senioru ndergraduate students, Ph.D. students in statistics, and experienced statisticians. Moreover researchers in the above mentioned areas will find it useful as a mathematically sound reference
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prface
1. Modle spatial du second ordre et gostatistique
2. Champ de Gibbs
Markov sur rseau
3. Processus ponctuels spatiaux
4. Simulation des modles spatiaux
5. Statistique des modles spatiaux
Annexe A Simulation de variables alatoires
Annexe B Thormes limites pour un champ alatoire
Annexe C Estimation par minimum de contraste
Annexe D Logiciels
Littrature
Index
ISBN:9783540792260
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathmatiques & Applications, 1154-483X : v63
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540767848:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Modelling of Biosystems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rubem P Mondaini
Panos M Pardalos
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume is an interdisciplinary book, which introduces, in a very readable way, state of the art research in the fundamental topics of mathematical modelling of Biosystems. These topics include: the study of Biological Growthand its mechanisms, t he coupling of pattern to form via theorems of Differential Geometry, the human immunodeficiency virus dynamics, the inverse folding problem and the possibility of analysing true protein backbone flexibility, theBiclustering techniques for the organizatio n of microarray data, the analytical approach to the modelling of biomolecular structure via Steiner trees, the action of biocides on resistance mechanisms of mutated and phenotypic bacteriastrains, a description of the fundamental processes for the distr ibution and abundances of species towards a unified theory of Ecology, and a special introduction to Protein Physics aiming to explain the all-or-none first order phasetransitions from native to denatured states
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Elastic Growth Models
A Model of Pattern Coupled to Form in Metazoans
Mathematical Modelling HIV
I Infection and Drug Therapy
Overcoming the Key Challenges in De Novo Protein Design: Enhancing Computational Efficiency and Incorporating True Backbone Flexibility
An Improves Heuristic for Consistent Biclustering Problems
The Steiner Tree Problem and Its Application to the Modelling of Biomolecular Structures
Phenotypic Switching and Mutation in the Presence of a Biocide: No Replication of Phenotypic Variant
From Spatial Pattern in the Distribution and Abundance of Species to
ISBN:9783540767848
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Applied Optimization, 1384-6485 : v102
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Life sciences , Cytology Research_xMethodology , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540747451:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiple Stars Across the H-R Diagram [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 12-15 July 2005
Author(s): Swetlana Hubrig
Monika Petr-Gotzens
Andrei Tokovinin
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Stars show a marked tendency to be in systems of different multiplicity, ranging from simple binaries and triples to globular clusters with several 10,000's of stars. The formation and evolution of multiple systems remains achallenging part of astrop hysics, and the contributions in this book report on the significant progress that had been made in this research field in the last years. The reader will find a variety of research topics addressed, such asthe dynamical evolution in multiple stars, the e ffects of the environment on multiple system parameters, stellar evolution within multiple stars, multiplicity of massive stars, pre-main sequence and intermediate mass stars,multiplicity of low-mass stars from embedded protostars to open clusters, and br own dwarfs and extrasolar planets in multiples. This book presents the proceedings of the ESO Workshop on Multiple Stars across the H-R Diagram held in thesummer of 2005
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Evolutionary Processes in Multiple Systems
Dynamics and Stability of Triple Stars
Multiple Stars: Physics vs. Dynamics
Gliese 225.2: an Old (Stable?) Quadruplet
Multiple Stars: Designation, Catalogues, Statistics
Radial
velocity studies of certain multiple systems
Spectral Disentangling Applied to Triple Systems: RV Crt
Evidence for Rapid Variability in the Multiple System 68 u Her
DG Leo: a triple system with a surprising variety of physical phenomena
A Spectroscopic Study of HD 208905
The Suspected Binarity of the Nearby Flare Star Gl 424
The Ecology of Dense
ISBN:9783540747451
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:ESO Astrophysics Symposia, European Southern Observatory, 1431-2433
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540743316:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tutorials in Mathematical Biosciences IV [electronic resource] : Evolution and Ecology
Author(s): Avner Friedman
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book offers an easy introduction to fast growing research areas in evolution of species, population genetics, ecological models, and population dynamics. The first two chapters review the concept and methodologies ofphylogenetic trees computation al schemes and illustrations are given, including applications such as tracing the origin of SARS and influenza. The third chapter introduces the reader to ecological models, including predator-preymodels. This chapter includes and introduction to reactio n-diffusion equations, which are used to analyze the ecological models. The next chapter reviews a broad range of ongoing research in population dynamics, including evolution ofdispersal models it also features interesting mathematical theorems and lists open problems. The final chapter deals with gene frequencies under the action of migration and selection. The book is addressed to readers at the level ofgrad students and researchers. A background in PDEs is provided
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Inference of Phylogenetic Trees
Large
Scale Phylogenetic Analysis of Emerging Infectious Diseases
ReactionDiffusion Equations and Ecological Modeling
The Dynamics of MigrationSelection Models
Some Challenging Mathematical Problems in Evolution of Dispersal and Population Dynamics
ISBN:9783540743316
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v1922
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Physiology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540738497:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems
Author(s): Ali A Minai
Yaneer Bar-Yam
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In June of 2002, over 500 professors, students and researchers met in Boston, Massachusetts for the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. The attendees represented a remarkably diverse collection of fields: biology,ecology, physics, eng ineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology, The goal of the conference was to encourage cross-fertilization between the many disciplines represented and to deepen understanding of theproperties common to all complex systems. This volu me contains 43 papers selected from the more than 200 presented at the conference. Topics include: cellular automata, neurology, evolution, computer science, network dynamics, andurban planning. About NECSI: For over 10 years, The New England Complex Syst ems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental in the development of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conducts research, education, knowledgedissemination, and community development around the world for the promotion of the study of comple x systems and its application for the betterment of society. NECSI hosts the International Conference on Complex Systems and publishesthe NECSI Book Series in conjunction with Springer Publishers. ALI MINAI is an Affiliate of the New England Complex Syste ms Institute and an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and ComputerScience at the University of Cincinnati. YANEER BAR-YAM is President and founder of the New England Complex Systems Institute. He is the author of Dynamics of Complex Systems and Making Things Work: Solving Complex Problems in aComplex World
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Methods
A Complex Systems Perspective on Collaborative Design
RAn (Robustness Analyser)
Invariant Subsets of the Search Space, and the Universality of a Generalized Genetic Algorithm
Models
Cell
like space charge configurations formed by self
organization in laboratory
Local Complexity and Global Nonlinear Modes in Large Arrays of Elastic Rods in an Air Cross
Flow
Self
organization in Navier
Stokes turbulence
The Game (Introduction to Digital Physics)
Epsilon
Pseudo
Orbits and Applications
On the mystery of differential negative resistance
Dissipative Str
ISBN:9783540738497
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Artificial intelligence , Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402088377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Fossils to Astrobiology [electronic resource] : Records of Life on Earth and Search for Extraterrestrial Biosignatures
Author(s): Joseph Seckbach
Maud Walsh
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study,including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expertscientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimula ting reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth andbeyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found i n the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports ofnanobacteria in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in foc using on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geology
Nanosims Opens a New Window for Deciphering Organic Matter in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Samples
Disentangling the Microbial Fossil Record in the Barberton Greenstone Belt: A Cautionary Tale
Looking Through Windows onto the Earliest History of Life on Earth and Mars
Models for Silicate Fossils of Organic Materials in the Astrobiological Context
Microfossil Phosphatization and Its Astrobiological Implications
Proterozoic Unicellular and Multicellular Fossils from India and Their Implications
Microbial Communities of Stromatolites
Biosedimentological Process
ISBN:9781402088377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 1566-0400 : v12
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Geology , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Microbiology , Astrobiology
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