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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD ENERGY AND STATE *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/27877.77 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword energy and state ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789814603201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles of radiation interaction in matter and detection
Author(s): Claude Leroy
Pier-Georgio Rancoita
Date:2016
Edition:4th edition.
Publisher:World Scientific
Size:1 online resource (1316 p)
Contents:Electromagnetic interaction of charged particles in matter -- Photon interaction and electromagnetic cascades in matter -- Nuclear interactions in matter -- Physics and properties of silicon semiconductor -- Transport phenomena in semiconductors -- Radiation effects and displacement damage in semiconductors -- Radiation environments and damage in semiconductors -- Scintillating media and scintillator detectors -- Solid state detectors -- Displacement damages and interactions in semiconductor devices -- Gas filled chambers -- Principles of particle energy determination -- Superheated droplet (bubble) detectors and CDM search -- Medical physics applications.
ISBN:9789814603188
Series:eBooks
Series:World Scientific
Keywords: Detectors. , Radiation, Measurement
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Call number:9783319474922:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport of Energetic Electrons in Solids Computer Simulation with Applications to Materials Analysis and Characterization
Author(s): Maurizio Dapor
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XVIII, 182 p. 58 illus p.)
Contents:Electron Transport in Solids -- Cross-Sections: Basic Aspects -- Scattering Mechanisms -- Random Numbers -- Monte Carlo Strategies -- Backscattering Coefficient -- Secondary Electron Yield -- Electron Energy Distributions --
Applications
ISBN:9783319474922
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Materials science , Physics , Solid State Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering
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Call number:9783319447292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Astrophysical Techniques
Author(s): Rosa Poggiani
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 163 p. 64 illus p.)
Contents:Part 1: The basics -- Chapter 1: Setting the scene: high energy photons and particles -- Chapter 2: Radiation-matter interactions -- Chapter 3: Interactions of photons and particles along the path -- Part 2: The world of detectors --
Chapter 4: Detectors: general characteristics -- Chapter 5: Detectors bases on ionization in gases and liquids -- Chapter 6: Scintillation detector systems -- Chapter 7: Detectors based on ionization in solid state materials -- Chapter
8: Cherenkov and Transition Radiation detectors -- Chapter 9: Calorimeters -- Chapter 10: Measurement of physical properties of photons and particles -- Part 3: High energy astronomy -- Chapter 11: Ultraviolet and X-ray astronomy --
Chapter 12: Gamma ray astronomy -- Chapter 13: Cosmic ray astronomy -- Chapter 14: Neutrino astronomy -- Chapter 15: Gravitational wave astronomy -- Chapter 16: The dark side of the Universe -- Chapter 17: Observing in high energy
astrophysics -- Chapter 18: Conclusions
ISBN:9783319447292
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:9783319423913:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Glassy, Crystalline and Liquid Ionic Conductors Experiments, Theories, Simulations
Author(s): Junko Habasaki
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIX, 600 p. 249 illus., 196 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Various Ionically conducting systems -- Experimental Techniques for Characterization of Ion Dynamics -- Experimental Findings and Phenomenology of Ion Dynamics -- Simulations: Methods and Results -- Theories and Models
of Ion Dynamics -- Applications to various currently important technological problems -- Similarity of ion dynamics to other complex interacting systems
ISBN:9783319423913
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Chemistry , Energy storage , Electrochemistry , Solid state physics , Chemistry , Electrochemistry , Solid State Physics , Energy Storage , Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation
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Call number:9780080982694:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena [electronic resource]
Author(s): John Humphreys
Gregory S. Rohrer
Anthony Rollett
Edition:Third Edition
Publisher:Elsevier
Size:1 electronic resource (704 p)
Contents:Introduction -- The deformed state -- Deformation textures -- The structure and energy of grain boundaries -- Mobility and migration of boundaries -- Recovery after deformation -- Recrystallizatin of single-phase alloys -- Recrystallization of order ed materials -- Recrystallization of two-phase alloys -- The growth and stability of cellular microstructures -- Grain growth following recrystallization -- Recrystallization textures -- Hot deformation and dynamic restoration -- Continuous recrystallizat ion during and after large strain deformation -- Control of recystallization -- Computer modeling and simulation of annealing. Appendix 1 - Texture Appendix 2 - The measurement of recrystallization
ISBN:9780080982694
Keywords: Recrystallization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319339276:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron Spin Interactions in Chemistry and Biology Fundamentals, Methods, Reactions Mechanisms, Magnetic Phenomena, Structure Investigation
Author(s): Gertz Likhtenshtein
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (50 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33927-6
Contents:Spin Exchange and Electron Transfer -- Spin Exchange Processes Involving Excited Triplet States -- Spin Electron Dipolar and Contact Interactions -- Spin-Selective Processes of Electron and Nuclear Spins -- Experimental Methods of
Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on ESR Phenomena — Continuous Wave EPR Measurements -- Experimental Methods of Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on ESR Phenomena: Pulse ESR Measurements --
Miscellaneous Methods of Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on Optical and Other Techniques -- Electron Spin Effects in Chosen Chemical and Physical Processes -- Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields Effects on Chemical
and Biological Processes -- Electron Spin Interactions in Investigation of Structure and Spin State of Organic and Metallo organic Compounds -- Electron Transfer in Biological Systems. Light Energy Conversion -- Spin Labeling Methods.
ISBN:9783319339276
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Bioorganic chemistry , Nanochemistry , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Biophysics , Physics , Single Molecule Studies, Molecular Motors , Nanochemistry , Bioorganic Chemistry , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Nanoscale Science and Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319335612:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Beam Modification of Solids Ion-Solid Interaction and Radiation Damage
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (534 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33561-2
Contents:Physical Basics -- Damage Formation and Amorphisation by Nuclear Energy Deposition -- Damage Formation and Amorphisation by High Electronic Energy Deposition (Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation) -- Selected Applications of Ion Irradiation
ISBN:9783319335612
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 61
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Solid state physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Solid State Physics , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319305455:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization
Author(s): Robert Ayres
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (120 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30545-5
Contents:Preface -- Glossary of Terms -- Glossary of People -- Part I. -- A Brief History of Ideas: Energy, Entropy and Evolution -- The Cosmos, the Sun and the Earth -- The Origin of Life -- Energy, Water, Climate and Cycles -- Summary of
Part I: From the “Big Bang” to Nutrient Cycles -- Part II -- Energy and Technology -- The New World – and Science -- Energy, Technology and the Future -- Part III -- Mainstream Economics and Energy -- New Perspectives on Capital, Work,
and Wealth -- Epilogue -- Appendix. Energy in Growth Theory -- References
ISBN:9783319305455
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Energy policy , Energy and state , Thermodynamics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Economics , Natural resources , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Energy Policy, Economics and Management , Economic Systems , Thermodynamics , Natural Resource Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319279145:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (16 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27914-5
Contents:Non-traditional Transnational Security Challenges in Serbian, British and Dutch Security Discourses: A Cross Country Comparison -- National Security in a Hyper-Connected World -- Is Maritime Security a Traditional Security Challenge
-- Pandemic Influenza Planning for the Mental Health Security of Survivors of Mass Deaths -- An evaluation of the Police Response to Gang-related Violence and Future Security Threat -- The Demographic horizon of the emerging security
environment -- Economic Security: An emerging security issue -- Critical Infrastructure vulnerabilities: embracing a network mindset.-Supply Chain Information Security: emerging challenges in the telecommunications industry.-Disrupting
terrorist and criminal networks: Crime script analysis through DODAF applications -- Beyond the Castle Model of Cyber-risk and cyber-security -- Food Security as Critical Infrastructure: the importance of safeguarding the food supply
for civil security -- The role of Social Network Sites in security risks and crises: The information warfare of terrorism -- Manufactured Risk, complexity and non-traditional security: from world risk society to a networked risk model
ISBN:9783319279145
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Energy policy , Energy and state , Natural disasters , Health promotion , Computer security , System safety , Physics , Security Science and Technology , Complex Networks , Health Promotion and Disease Prevention , Energy Policy, Economics and Management , Systems and Data Security , Natural Hazards
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319240107:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Conductors, Semiconductors, Superconductors An Introduction to Solid State Physics
Author(s): Rudolf P Huebener
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (237 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24010-7
Contents:Spectacular Advances -- Well-Ordered Lattice Structures in Crystals -- Permanent Movement in the Crystal Lattice -- Electric Conductor or Insulator? – Energy Bands -- Metals Obey the Rules of Quantum Statistics -- Less Can Be More:
Semiconductors -- Circling Electrons in High Magnetic Fields -- The Winner: Superconductors -- The Big Surprise: High-Temperature Superconductivity -- Magnetism: Order Among the Elementary Magnets -- Nanostructures: Superlattices,
Quantum Wires, and Quantum Dots -- Defects in the Crystal Lattice: Useful or Harmful?
ISBN:9783319240107
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Superconductivity , Superconductors , Semiconductors , Microwaves , Optical engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Semiconductors , Optical and Electronic Materials , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering , Solid State Physics , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319206301:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics Special Relativity, Quantum and Statistical Physics
Author(s): Carlo Maria Becchi
Date:2016
Edition:3rd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (243 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20630-1
Contents:Introduction to Special Relativity -- Michelson–Morley Experiment and Lorentz Transformations -- Relativistic Kinematics -- Introduction to Quantum Physics.-The Photoelectric Effect -- Bohr’s Quantum Theory -- De Broglie’s
Interpretation -- Schrodinger’s Equation -- The Potential Barrier -- Quantum Wells and Energy Levels -- The Harmonic Oscillator -- Periodic Potentials and Band Spectra -- The Schrodinger Equation in a Central Potential -- Introduction
to the Statistical Theory of Matter -- Thermal Equilibrium by Gibbs’ Method -- The Pressure and the Equation of State.- A Three Level System -- The Grand Canonical Ensemble and the Perfect Quantum Gas
ISBN:9783319206301
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Gravitation , Quantum physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Quantum Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Thermodynamics , Mathematical Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319195216:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray Lasers 2014 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (50 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-19521-6
Contents:1. Progress and Prospects of Coherent X-Ray Research Using High Power Lasers in Japan Atomic Energy Agency -- 2. Advances in High Average Power, 100 Hz Repetition Rate Table-top Soft X-Ray Lasers -- 3. Possibility of Recombination
Gain Increase in CV Ions at 4.0nm via Coherence -- 4. Overview of development of laser driven secondary sources at PALS and ELI -- 5. Spectral properties of collisional XUV lasers for the amplification of femtosecond pulses -- 6.
Transient collisionally excited x-ray Lasers pumped with one long and two short pulses -- 7. Seeded operation of a Ne-like Titanium soft x-ray laser -- 8. Output beam polarization of x-ray lasers with transient inversion -- 9. Improved
sub-10nm Ni-like lasing by varying the slope of the traveling-wave velocity -- 10. Temporal response of seeded XUV lasers under different amplification regimes- inversion density threshold -- 11. Self-photopumped x-ray lasers from
elements in the Ne-like and Ni-like ionization state -- 12. Pump-Probe Experiment for Temporal Profile Measurement of Plasma X-ray laser -- 13. Capillary discharge X-ray Lasers: the Quest for sub-10nm Lasers
ISBN:9783319195216
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 169
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Matter , Lasers , Photonics , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400779631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ISAC and ARIEL: The TRIUMF Radioactive Beam Facilities and the Scientific Program [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jens Dilling
Reiner Krcken
Lia Merminga
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The TRIUMF Isotope Separator and Accelerator (ISAC) facility uses the isotope separation on-line (ISOL) technique to produce rare-isotope beams (RIB). The ISOL system consists of a primary production beam, a target/ion source, amass separator, and be am transport system. The rare isotopes produced during the interaction of the proton beam with the target nucleus are stopped in the bulk of the target material. They diffuse inside the target material matrix tothe surface of the grain and then effuse to the ion source where they are ionized to form an ion beam that can be separated by mass and then guided to the experimental facilities. Previously published in the journal HyperfineInteractions
Contents:From the contents: ISAC overview
The TRIUMF 500 MeV cyclotron: the driver accelerator
ISAC targets
Rare isotope beams at ISACtarget & ion source systems
Off line ion source terminal
Charge state breeding of radioactive isotopes for ISAC
ISAC LEBT
The ISAC post
accelerator
High energy beam lines
The experimental facilities at ISAC
ISBN:9789400779631
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642453120:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Flux Pinning in Superconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Teruo Matsushita
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The book covers the flux pinning mechanisms and properties and the electromagnetic phenomena caused by the flux pinning common for metallic, high-Tc and MgB2 superconductors. The condensation energy interaction known for normalprecipitates or grain b oundaries and the kinetic energy interaction proposed for artificial Nb pins in Nb-Ti, etc., are introduced for the pinning mechanism. Summation theories to derive the critical current density are discussed indetail. Irreversible magnetization and AC loss caused by the flux pinning are also discussed. The loss originally stems from the ohmic dissipation of normal electrons in the normal core driven by the electric field induced by the fluxmotion. The readers will learn why the resultant loss is of hystere sis type in spite of such mechanism. The influence of the flux pinning on the vortex phase diagram in high Tc superconductors is discussed, and the dependencies of theirreversibility field are also described on other quantities such as anisotropy of super conductor, specimen size and electric field strength. Recent developments of critical current properties in various high-Tc superconductors andMgB2 are introduced. Other topics are: singularity in the case of transport current in a parallel magnetic field such as deviation from the Josephson relation, reversible flux motion inside pinning potentials which causes deviationfrom the critical state model prediction, the concept of the minimization of energy dissipation in the flux pinning phenomena which give s the basis for the critical state model, etc. Significant reduction in the AC loss in AC wireswith very fine filaments originates from the reversible flux motion which is dominant in the two-dimensional pinning. The concept of minimum energy dissipation explains also the behavior of flux bundle size which determines theirreversibility line under the flux creep. The new edition has been thoroughly updated, with new sections on the progress in enhancing
Contents:From the Contents: Fundamental Electromagnetic Phenomena in Superconductors
Various Electromagnetic Phenomena
Longitudinal Magnetic Field Effect
Measurement Methods for Critical Current Density
Flux Pinning Mechanism
Flux Pinning Characteristics
High
Temperature Superconductors
MgB2
ISBN:9783642453120
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v178
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642409783:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pulsed Laser Ablation of Solids [electronic resource] : Basics, Theory and Applications
Author(s): Mihai Stafe
Aurelian Marcu
Niculae N Puscas
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The book introduces the state of the art' of pulsed laser ablation and its applications. It is based on recent theoretical and experimental studies. The book reaches from the basics to advanced topics of pulsed laser ablation.Theoretical and experime ntal fundamental phenomena involved in pulsed laser ablation are discussed with respect to material properties, laser wavelength, fluence and intensity regime of the light absorbed linearly or non-linearly inthe target material. The energy absorbed by the electrons leads to atom/molecule excitation, ionization and/or direct chemical bond breaking and is also transferred to the lattice leading to material heating and phase transitions.Experimental non-invasive optical methods for analyzing these phenomena in real time are described. Theoretical models for pulsed laser ablation and phase transitions induced by laser beams and laser-vapour/plasma interaction duringthe plume expansion above the target are also presented. Calculations of the ablation speed and dimensions of the ablated micro- and nano-structures are performed. The validity and required refinement of different models in differentexperimental conditions is provided. The pulsed laser deposition process which bases on collecting the ablated partic les on a surface is analyzed in terms of efficiency and quality of the deposited films as a function of ambientconditions, target material, laser parameters and substrate characteristics. The interaction between the incident laser and the ablation plasma is analyzed with respect to its influence on the structures of the deposited films and itscapacity to generate high harmonics and single attosecond pulses which are highly desirable in pump-probe experiments
Contents:Lasers for Pulsed Laser Ablation
Laser
Matter Interaction Below the Plasma Ignition Threshold Intensity
Laser
Matter Interaction Above the Plasma Ignition Threshold Intensity
Material Removal and Deposition by Pulsed Laser Ablation and Associated Phenomena
Experimental Techniques for Analyzing the Material Removal and Deposition Rates in Real Time
ISBN:9783642409783
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences, 0931-5195 : v53
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319071367:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Cross-Section from Heavy-Flavour Decays and Search for Compressed Supersymmetric Scenarios with the ATLAS Experiment [electronic resource]
Author(s): Moritz Backes
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The first part of this thesis presents the measurement of the inclusive cross-section for electron production from heavy-flavour decays in the electron transverse momentum range 7 GeV < pT < 26 GeV using 1.3 pb1 of 7 TeVproton-proton collision data c ollected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in 2010. The measured value of the cross-section within the fiducial range of the analysis is _e^HF = 0.946 0.020(stat.) 0.146(syst.) 0.032(lumi.) b. Theoretical predictions are in good agree ment with the measurement. The second part of this thesis is a search for compressed supersymmetric scenarios in events with missing transverse energy, jets, and oneisolated low-pT lepton in the final state using 4.7 fb-1 of ATLAS data collected at 7 TeV center-of-mass energy in 2011. No significant excess of events over the Standard Model expectation is observed and exclusion limits are derivedfor a number of supersymmetric models
Contents:Theoretical Background
Experimental Setup
Data Acquisition and Data Processing
Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Cross
Section from Heavy
Flavour Decays with 2010 Data
Search for Compressed Supersymmetry with 2011 Data
ISBN:9783319071367
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070919:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes [electronic resource] : Theoretical Description at the Level of Molecular Structures
Author(s): Viktor Holubec
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Various experimental techniques have been advanced in recent years to measure non-equilibrium energy transformations on themicroscopic scale of single molecules. In general, the systems studied inthecorrespondingexperiments are exposed to strong ther mal fluctuations and thus the relevant energetic variables such as work and heat become stochastic. This thesis addresses challenging theoretical problems in this active field ofcurrent research: 1) Exact analytical solutions of work and heat distribution s for isothermal non-equilibrium processes in suitable models are obtained 2) Corresponding solutions for cyclic processes involving two different heatreservoirs are found 3) Optimization of periodic driving protocols for such cyclic processes with respec t to maximal output power, efficiency, and minimal power fluctuations is studied. The exact solutions for work and heatdistributionsprovide areference for theoretical investigations of more complicated models,giving insight into the structure of the tail of work distributions andserving asvaluable test cases for simulations of the underlyingstochastic processes
Contents:Introduction
Discrete State Space Models
Continuous State Space Models
Heat Engines
Conclusion
ISBN:9783319070919
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319056845:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Finite Volumes for Complex Applications VII-Methods and Theoretical Aspects [electronic resource] : FVCA 7, Berlin, June 2014
Author(s): Jrgen Fuhrmann
Mario Ohlberger
Christian Rohde
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The first volume of the proceedings of the 7th conference on Finite Volumes for Complex Applications (Berlin, June 2014) covers topics that include convergence and stability analysis, as well as investigations of thesemethods from the point of view o f compatibility with physical principles. It collects together the focused invited papers, as well as the reviewed contributions from internationally leading researchers in the field of analysis offinite volume and related methods. Altogether, a rather co mprehensive overview is given of the state of the art in the field. The finite volume method in its various forms is a space discretization technique for partial differentialequations based on the fundamental physical principle of conservation. Recent dec ades have brought significant success in the theoretical understanding of the method. Many finite volume methods preserve further qualitative orasymptotic properties, including maximum principles, dissipativity, monotone decay of free energy, and asymptot ic stability. Due to these properties, finite volume methods belong to the wider class of compatible discretization methods,which preserve qualitative properties of continuous problems at the discrete level. This structural approach to the discretization of partial differential equations becomes particularly important for multiphysics and multiscaleapplications. Researchers, PhD and masters level students in numerical analysis, scientific computing and related fields such as partial differential equations will find this volume useful, as will engineers working in numericalmodeling and simulations
Contents:Part I Invited contributions. P. Bochev: Compatible Discretizations for Partial Differential Equations
F. Bouchu: Finite Volume Methods for Shallow Water Equations, Hyperbolic Equations, Magnetohydrodynamics
C. Chainais
Hillairet: Finite Volume Methods for Drift
Diffusion Equations
M. Dumbser: High Order One
Step AMR and ALE Methods for Hyperbolic PDE
P. Helluy: Compressible Multiphase Flows
K. Mikula: Finite Volumes in Image Processing and Groundwater Flow
S. Mishra: Finite Volume Methods for Conservation Laws, Uncertainty Quantification
Part II Theoretical aspects of Fin
ISBN:9783319056845
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v77
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer simulation , Differential equations, partial , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319049120:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers and Challenges in Warm Dense Matter [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Graziani
Michael P Desjarlais
Ronald Redmer
Samuel B Trickey
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Warm Dense Matter (WDM) occupies a loosely defined region of phase space intermediate between solid, liquid, gas, and plasma, and typically shares characteristics of two or more of these phases. WDM is generally associated withthe combination of stro ngly coupled ions and moderately degenerate electrons, and careful attention to quantum physics and electronic structure is essential. The lack of a small perturbation parameter greatly limits approximateattempts at its accurate description. Since WDM res ides at the intersection of solid state and high energy density physics, many high energy density physics (HEDP) experiments pass through this difficult region of phase space. Thus,understanding and modeling WDM is key to the success of experiments on div erse facilities. These include the National Ignition Campaign centered on the National Ignition Facility (NIF), pulsed-power driven experiments on the Z machine,ion-beam-driven WDM experiments on the NDCX-II, and fundamental WDM research at the Linear Coh erent Light Source (LCLS). Warm Dense Matter is also ubiquitous in planetary science and astrophysics, particularly with respect tounresolved questions concerning the structure and age of the gas giants, the nature of exosolar planets, and the cosmochrono logy of white dwarf stars. In this book we explore established and promising approaches to the modeling of WDM,foundational issues concerning the correct theoretical description of WDM, and the challenging practical issues of numerically modeling strongly coupled systems with many degrees of freedom
Contents:Carsten A. Ullrich, Time
dependent density
functional theory: features and challenges, with a special view on matter under extreme conditions
Aurora Pribram
Jones, Stefano Pittalis, E.K.U. Gross, and Kieron Burke, Thermal Density Functional Theory in Context
Valentin V. Karasiev, Travis Sjostrom, Debajit Chakraborty, James W. Dufty, Keith Runge, Frank E. Harris, and S.B. Trickey, Innovations in Finite
Temperature Density Functionals
Hannes Schulz and Andreas Grling, Toward a comprehensive treatment of temperature in electronic structure calculations: Non
zero
temperature Hartree
Foc
ISBN:9783319049120
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v96
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319043289:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydrodynamics and Stellar Winds [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Walter J Maciel
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Stellar winds are a common phenomenon in the life of stars, from the dwarfs like the Sun to the red giants and hot supergiants, constituting one of the basic aspects of modern astrophysics. Stellar winds are a hydrodynamicphenomenon in which circumst ellar gases expand towards the interstellar medium. This book presents an elementary introduction to the fundamentals of hydrodynamics with an application to the study of stellar winds. The principles ofhydrodynamics have many other applications, so that the book can be used as an introduction to hydrodynamics for students of physics, astrophysics and other related areas
Contents:The Continuity Equation
The Euler Equation
The Equation of State
The Energy Equation
Cartesian Tensor Notation
Fluid Equations in Tensor Form
The Navier
Stokes Equation
Sound Waves
Shock Waves
Stellar Winds: An Overview
ISBN:9783319043289
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319020631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Accelerated Cosmic Expansion [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the Fourth International Meeting on Gravitation and Cosmology
Author(s): Claudia Moreno Gonzlez
Jos Edgar Madriz Aguilar
Luz Marina Reyes Barrera
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume provides both an update and a review of the state of alternative theories of gravity, in connection with the issue of the accelerated expansion of the universe. Different theoretical proposals explain the accelerationin cosmic expansion, generating the dark energy issue and opening the possibilities of alternative theories of gravity (besides general relativity). Related issues, such as the problem of dark matter, are also surveyed in order to givethe readers profound insight on the subje ct from different points of view. Comprised of short talks and plenary lectures given by leading experts in the field, some of them with brilliant and historic contributions, this book allowsthe reader to find referenced surveys in topics like f(R) theori es, the dark matter and dark energy issues, Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) scenarios, f(T) theories, scalar-tensor theories derived from non-Riemannian geometries,emergent universes, the cosmological constant and other topics of current interest for p hysicists and graduate students. These proceedings are from the Fourth International Meeting on Gravitation and Cosmology, held in Guadalajara,Jalisco, Mxico, from 20 - 25 May, 2012, and were sponsored by ICTP- Trieste, Italy and COECyTJAL-Universidad de Guadalajara, Mxico. This event is a series of scientific meetings that was started in 2004 in Cuba, focusing on currentand selected topics in the fields of gravitation and cosmology
Contents:From the Contents: Part I Modified Theories of Gravity
Recovering Flat Rotation Curves and Galactic Dynamics from f(R)
gravity
Part II Cosmology and Dark Energy
Vector Fields Resembling Dark Energy
Part III Other Topics
Relativistic Dust Thin Disks with Halo and Magnetic Field
ISBN:9783319020631
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591 : v38
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319019918:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Properties of Bismuth-Based Topological Insulators [electronic resource]
Author(s): Paola Di Pietro
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Topological Insulators (TIs) are insulators in the bulk, but have exotic metallic states at their surfaces. The topology, associated with the electronic wavefunctions of these systems, changes when passing from the bulk to thesurface.This workstudies , by means of infrared spectroscopy, the low energy optical conductivity of Bismuth based TIs in order to identify the extrinsic charge contribution of the bulk and to separate it from the intrinsiccontribution of thesurface statecarriers. The extensive r esults presented in this thesis definitely shows the 2D character of the carriers in Bismuth-based topological insulators. The experimental apparatus and the FTIR technique,the theory of optical properties and Surface Plasmon Polaritons, as well as sample preparation of both crystals and thin films, and the analysis procedures are thoroughlydescribed
Contents:List of Abbreviations
Supervisor's Foreword
1 Introduction to the Topological Insulators and State of the Art
2 Experimental Technique, Sample Fabrication and Models for Data Analysis
3 Results and Analysis
ISBN:9783319019918
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319012100:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Generalized Perturbations in Modified Gravity and Dark Energy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jonathan Pearson
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:When predictions of Einstein's theory of General Relativity are compared against observations of our Universe, a huge inconsistency is found. The most popular fix for this inconsistency is to invent around 94% of the contentof the universe: dark matt er and dark energy. The dark energy is some exotic substance responsible for the apparent observed acceleration of the Universe. Another fix is to modify the theory of gravity: it is entirely plausible thatEinstein's theory of General Relativity breaks do wn on cosmological scales, just as Newton's theory of gravity breaks down in the extreme gravitational field of the Sun. There are many alternative theories of gravity, each with theaim of describing observations of our Universe where General Relativity f ails. Whether it is dark energy or some modified theory of gravity, it is clear that there is some dark sector in the Universe.In this thesis theauthorconstructs a unifying framework for understanding the observational impact of general classes of dark se ctor theories, by formulating equations of state for the dark sector perturbations
Contents:Gravitational theories and cosmology
The effective action formalism for cosmological perturbations
Metric only and first order scalar field theory
High derivative theories
Explicit theories
Connections to massive gravity
Generalized fluid description
Observational signatures of generalized cosmological perturbations
Discussion and final remarks
ISBN:9783319012100
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319011929:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Charge Dynamics in 122 Iron-Based Superconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Aliaksei Charnukha
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis combines highly accurate optical spectroscopy data on the recently discovered iron-based high-temperature superconductors with an incisive theoretical analysis. Three outstanding results are reported: (1) Thesuperconductivity-induced modi fication of the far-infrared conductivity of an iron arsenide with minimal chemical disorder is quantitatively described by means of a strong-coupling theory for spin fluctuation mediated Cooper pairing.The formalism developed in this thesis also describe s prior spectroscopic data on more disordered compounds. (2) The same materials exhibit a sharp superconductivity-induced anomaly for photon energies around 2.5 eV, two orders ofmagnitude larger than the superconducting energy gap. The author provides a q ualitative interpretation of this unprecedented observation, which is based on the multiband nature of the superconducting state. (3) The thesis also developsa comprehensive description of a superconducting, yet optically transparent iron chalcogenide com pound. The author shows that this highly unusual behavior can be explained as a result of the nanoscopic coexistence of insulating andsuperconducting phases, and he uses a combination of two complementary experimental methods - scanning near-field optical microscopy and low-energy muon spin rotation - to directly image the phase coexistence and quantitativelydetermine the phase composition.These data have important implications for the interpretation of data from other experimental probes
Contents:Introduction
Iron
based superconductors
Experimental and theoretical methods
Results and discussion
Summary
ISBN:9783319011929
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319009636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The BL Phase Transition [electronic resource] : Implications for Cosmology and Neutrinos
Author(s): Kai Schmitz
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Several of the very foundations of the cosmological standard model the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter, and the origin of the hot big bang itself still call for an explanation from the perspective offundamental physics. This workadvoc ates one intriguing possibility for a consistent cosmology that fills in the theoretical gaps while being fully in accordance with the observational data. At very high energies, the universe mighthave been in a false vacuum state that preserved B-L, the d ifference between the baryon number B and the lepton number L as a local symmetry. In this state, the universe experienced a stage of hybrid inflation that only ended when thefalse vacuum became unstable and decayed, in the course of a waterfall transitio n, into a phase with spontaneously broken B-L symmetry. This B-L Phase Transition was accompanied by tachyonic preheating that transferred almost theentire energy of the false vacuum into a gas of B-L Higgs bosons, which in turn decayed into heavy Majoran a neutrinos. Eventually, these neutrinos decayed into massless radiation, thereby producing the entropy of the hot big bang,generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe via the leptogenesis mechanism and setting the stage for the production of dark mat ter. Next to a variety of conceptual novelties and phenomenological predictions, the main achievement ofthe thesis is hence the fascinating notion that the leading role in the first act of our universe might have actually been played by neutrinos
Contents:Early Universe Cosmology
Framework for a Consistent Cosmology
Neutrino Phenomenology
Supersymmetric Abelian Higgs Model
Nonperturbative Dynamics
The Reheating Process
WIMP Dark Matter from Heavy Gravitino Decays
ISBN:9783319009636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461487975:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Opacity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Walter F Huebner
W. David Barfield
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The interaction of radiation with matter is a fundamental process in the universe in particular, the absorption and scattering of radiation by matter (the opacity) govern the formation, evolution, and structure of stars andplanets. But opacity is als o important in many terrestrial applications in which radiation is the dominant means of energy transfer, such as controlled nuclear-fusion, laser ablation, atmospheric entry and reentry, and thegreenhouse effect. This book covers all aspects of opacity a nd equations of state for plasmas, gases, vapors, and dust and emphasizes the continuous transformation of phases and molecular compositions with changing density andtemperature under conditions of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) while preserving th e basic abundances of the chemical elements in a mixture
Contents:Definitions
Atomic and Molecular Structure
Equation of State
Radiative Cross Sections
Continuum transitions
Bound
Bound Transitions
Electron Conduction
Equations of State and Opacities for Mixtures
Limits, Approximations, Scaling, and Interpolation
Uncertainties in Models, Methods, and Calculations
ISBN:9781461487975
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v402
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400772410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th UCLA Symposium on Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe, February 22-24,2012, Marina del Rey, Califor nia / edited by David Cline
Author(s): David Cline
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These proceedings provide the latest results on dark matter and dark energy research. The UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy hosted its tenth Dark Matter and Dark Energy conference in Marina del Rey and brought together allthe leaders in the fi eld. The symposium provided a scientific forum for the latest discussions in the field. Topics covered at the symposium: Status of measurements of the equation of state of dark energy and new experiments The search for missing energy events at the LHC and implications for dark matter search Theoretical calculations on all forms of dark matter (SUSY, axions, sterile neutrinos, etc.) Status of the indirect search for dark matterStatus of the direct search for dark matter in detectors around the world The lo w-mass wimp search region The next generation of very large dark matter detectors New underground laboratories for dark matter search
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Talks from DM 2012
List of Attendees at DM 2012
Brief Overview
Theoretical Precision: Cosmology and Dark Matter
Radiative natural supersymmetry with mixed axion/higgsino cold dark matter
Finite Temperature density profile in SFD
An argument for axion dark matter
Supersymmetric Dark Matter at XENON100 and the LHC: No
Scale F
SU(5) Stringy Correlations
Approaches on self
gravitating Bose
Einstein condensates
Search for Turbulent Gas through Interstellar Scintillation
Search for Dark Matter LHC, CMB, Fermi LAT
The missing energy events at the LHC and imp
ISBN:9789400772410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v148
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9784431542346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interacting Boson Model from Energy Density Functionals [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kosuke Nomura
Date:2013
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This thesis describes a novel and robust way of deriving a Hamiltonian of the interacting boson model based on microscopic nuclear energy density functional theory. Based on the fact that the multi-nucleon induced surfacedeformation of finite nucleus can be simulated by effective boson degrees of freedom, intrinsic properties of the nucleon system, obtained from self-consistent mean-field method with a microscopic energy density functional, are mappedonto the boson analog. Thereby, the excitation spe ctra and the transition rates for the relevant collective states having good symmetry quantum numbers are calculated by the subsequent diagonalization of the mapped boson Hamiltonian.Because the density functional approach gives an accurate global descrip tion of nuclear bulk properties, the interacting boson model is derived for various situations of nuclear shape phenomena, including those of the exotic nucleiinvestigated at rare-isotope beam facilities around the world. This work provides, for the first time, crucial pieces of information about how the interacting boson model is justified and derived from nucleon degrees of freedom in acomprehensive manner
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basic Notions
Rotating Deformed Systems with Axial Symmetry
Weakly Deformed Systems with Triaxial Dynamics
Comparison with Geometrical Model
Is axially Asymmetric NucleusGamma Rigid or Unstable?
Ground
state Correlation
Summary and Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9784431542346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642324727:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoemission Spectroscopy on High Temperature Superconductor [electronic resource] : A Study of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 by Laser-Based Angle-Resolved Photoemission
Author(s): Wentao Zhang
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book mainly focuses on the study of the high-temperature superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 by vacuum, ultra-violet, laser-based, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). A new form of electron coupling has beenidentified in Bi2212, which oc curs in the superconducting state. For the first time, the Bogoliubov quasiparticle dispersion with a clear band back-bending has been observed with two peaks in the momentum distribution curve in thesuperconducting state at a low temperature. Readers wil l find useful information about the technique of angle-resolved photoemission and the study of high-temperature superconductors using this technique. Dr. Wentao Zhang received hisPhD from the Institute of Physics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Angle
Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy
Growth of Bi2Sr2Ca1xDyxCu2O8+ Single Crystals
Nodal Electron Coupling in the Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8+
High Energy Dispersion in Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8+
Normal Electron Self
Energy and Pairing Self
Energy in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8
Superconducting Gap and Pseudogap in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+
Summary
ISBN:9783642324727
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642308383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals: Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nicolae M Avram
Mikhail G Brik
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals: Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis discusses spectral, vibronic and magnetic properties of 3d-ions in a wide range of crystals, used as active media for solid state lasers andpotential candidates for th is role. Crystal field calculations (including first-principles calculations of energy levels and absorption spectra) and their comparison with experimental spectra, the Jahn-Teller effect, analysis ofvibronic spectra, materials science applications are s ystematically presented. The book is intended for researchers and graduate students in crystal spectroscopy, materials science and optical applications. Dr. N.M. Avram is anEmeritus Professor at the Physics Department, West University of Timisoara, Romani a Dr. M.G. Brik is a Professor at the Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Estonia
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Recent developments in laser crystals doped with 3d
ions
Spectral properties of cobalt complexes within the ZnSe crystals as new absorbers for the non
linear optical devices
Exchange charge model of crystal field for 3d ions
Superposition Model and its Applications
First
principles calculations of absorption spectra of 3d ions in laser crystals
Vibronic transitions in spectra of 3d ions in crystals
Jahn
Teller effect for the 3d3 (3d7) ions in the octahedral (tetrahedral) impurity centers
Dynamical Jahn
Teller effect in crystals doped with 3d ions
Spin
Hamiltonian parame
ISBN:9783642308383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Crystallography , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004341:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of the Nuclear Magnetic 1/T1 Relaxation Rate in Conventional and Unconventional Magnets [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrew Smerald
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One of the best ways to lift the lid on what is happening inside a given material is to study it using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Of particular interest are NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, which measure how fast energystored in magnetic nuclei is t ransferred to surrounding electrons. This thesis develops a detailed, quantitative theory of NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, and shows for the first time how they could be used to measure the speed at whichenergy travels in a wide range of magnetic materials. This theory is used to make predictions forQuantum Spin Nematics, an exotic form of quantum order analogous to a liquid crystal. In order to do so, it is first necessary tounravel how spin nematics transport energy. This thesis proposes a new way to do this, based on the description of quarks in high-energy physics. Experiments to test the ideas presented are now underway in laboratories across theworld
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is frustrated magnetism and why should you care?
An introduction to field theory in magnetic systems: the Nel antiferromagnet
Angle
resolved NMR: a theory of the 1/T1 relaxation rate in magnetic systems
Theory of the NMR relaxation rate in magnetic Fe pnictides
Field theoretical description of quantum spin
nematic order
How to recognise the quantum spin
nematic state
ISBN:9783319004341
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000381:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser-Plasma Interactions and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Paul McKenna
David Neely
Robert Bingham
Dino Jaroszynski
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Laser-Plasma Interactions and Applications covers the fundamental and applied aspects of high power laser-plasma physics. With an internationally renowned team of authors, the book broadens the knowledge of young researchersworking in high power lase r-plasma science by providing them with a thorough pedagogical grounding in the interaction of laser radiation with matter, laser-plasma accelerators, and inertial confinement fusion. The text is organisedsuch that the theoretical foundations of the subje ct are discussed first, in Part I. In Part II, topics in the area of high energy density physics are covered. Parts III and IV deal with the applications to inertial confinement fusionand as a driver of particle and radiation sources, respectively. Finall y, Part V describes the principle diagnostic, targetry, and computational approaches used in the field. This book is designed to give students a thorough foundationin the fundamental physics of laser-plasma interactions. It will also provide readers with knowledge of the latest research trends and elucidate future exciting challenges in laser-plasma science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory of Underdense Laser
Plasma Interactions with Photon Kinetic Theory
Theory of Laser
Overdense Plasma Interactions
High Energy Density Physics
Shock Waves and Equations of State Related to Laser Plasma Interaction
The Effect of Radiation Field on Excitation and Ionisation in Non
LTE High Energy Density Plasmas
Energetic Electron Generation and Transport in Intense Laser
Solid Interactions
The Physics of Implosion, Ignition and Propagating Burn
Cryogenic Deuterium and Deuterium
Tritium Direct
Drive Implosions on Omega
Indirect Drive at the NIF Scale
Laser
Plasma
ISBN:9783319000381
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Scottish Graduate Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461460312:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Tests of Physics with Optically Trapped Microspheres [electronic resource]
Author(s): Tongcang Li
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Fundamental Tests of Physics with Optically Trapped Microspheres details experiments on studying the Brownian motion of an optically trapped microsphere with ultrahigh resolution and the cooling of its motion towards the quantumground state. Glass mi crospheres were trapped in water, air, and vacuum with optical tweezers and a detection system that can monitor the position of a trapped microsphere with Angstrom spatial resolution and microsecond temporalresolution was developed to study the Brownian m otion of a trapped microsphere in air over a wide range of pressures. The instantaneous velocity of a Brownian particle, in particular, was measured for the very first time, and theresults provide direct verification of the Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity dist ribution and the energy equipartition theorem for a Brownian particle. For short time scales, the ballistic regime of Brownian motion is observed, in contrast tothe usual diffusive regime. In vacuum, active feedback is used to cool the center-of-mass moti on of an optically trapped microsphere from room temperature to a minimum temperature of about 1.5 mK. This is an important step towardstudying the quantum behaviors of a macroscopic particle trapped in vacuum
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Physical Principle of Optical Tweezers
Optical Trapping of Glass Microspheres in Air and Vacuum
Measuring the Instantaneous Velocity of a Brownian Particle in Air
Towards Measurement of the Instantaneous Velocity of a Brownian Particle in Water
Millikelvin Cooling of an Optically Trapped Microsphere in Vacuum
Towards Quantum Ground
State Cooling
Appendix
ISBN:9781461460312
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400745582:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Collisional Plasmas [electronic resource] : Introduction to High-Frequency Discharges
Author(s): Michel Moisan
Jacques Pelletier
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Physics of Collisional Plasmas deals with the plasma physics of interest to laboratory research and industrial applications, such as lighting, fabrication of microelectronics, destruction of greenhouse gases. Its emphasis ison explaining the phys ical mechanisms, rather than the detailed mathematical description and theoretical analysis. At the introductory level, it is important to convey the characteristic physical phenomena of plasmas, before addressingthe ultimate formalism of kinetic theory, with its microscopic, statistical mechanics approach. To this aim, this text translates the physical phenomena into more tractable equations, using the hydrodynamic model this considers theplasma as a fluid, in which the macroscopic physical parameters ar e the statistical averages of the microscopic (individual) parameters. Thisbook is an introduction to the physics of collisional plasmas, as opposed to plasmas inspace. It is intended for graduate students in physics and engineering . The first chapter in troduces with progressively increasing detail, the fundamental concepts of plasma physic. The motion of individual charged particles invarious configurations of electric and magnetic fields is detailed in the second chapter while the third chapter conside rs the collective motion of the plasma particles described according to a hydrodynamic model. The fourth chapter ismost original in that it introduces a general approach to energy balance, valid for all types of discharges comprising direct current(DC) an d high frequency (HF) discharges, including an applied static magnetic field. The basicconcepts required in this fourth chapter have been progressively introduced in the previous chapters. The text is enriched with approx. 100 figures, and alphabetical in dex and 45 fully resolved problems. Mathematical and physicalappendices provide complementary information or allow to go deeper in a given subject
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgments
Symbols
Acronyms
Physical constants
Other constants
1 The Plasma State: Definition and orders of magnitude of principal quantities
2 Individual motion of a charged particle in electric and magnetic fields
3 Hydrodynamic description of a plasma
4 Introduction to the physics of HF discharges
Appendices I XIX
References
Recommended reading
Index
ISBN:9789400745582
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Structural control (Engineering) , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783834824233:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetism and Superconductivity in Iron-based Superconductors as Probed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franziska Hammerath
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiesbaden : Vieweg+Teubner Verlag : Imprint: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has been a fundamental player in the studies of superconducting materials for many decades. This local probe technique allows for the study of the static electronic properties as well as of thelow energy excitations o f the electrons in the normal and the superconducting state. On that account it has also been widely applied to Fe-based superconductors from the very beginning of their discovery in February 2008. Thisdissertation comprises some of these very first NMR r esults, reflecting the unconventional nature of superconductivity and its strong link to magnetism in the investigated compounds LaO1xFxFeAs and LiFeAs
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basic Principles of NMR
NMR in the Superconducting State
Iron
based Superconductors
Experimental Setup
NMR on LaO1xFxFeAs in the Normal State
NMR and NQR on LaO1xFxFeAs in the Superconducting State
NMR and NQR on LiFeAs
ISBN:9783834824233
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642343117:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Phosphate Phosphors for Solid-State Lighting [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kartik N. Shinde
S.J. Dhoble
H.C. Swart
Kyeongsoon Park
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642343117
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science
Series:e-books
Keywords: Optical and Electronic Materials , Solid State Physics , Energy Technology , Energy Efficiency (incl. Buildings)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642256400:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring Macroscopic Quantum Mechanics in Optomechanical Devices [electronic resource]
Author(s): Haixing Miao
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Recent state-of-the-art technologies in fabricating low-loss optical and mechanical components have significantly motivated the study of quantum-limited measurements with optomechanical devices. Such research is the main subjectof this thesis. In the first part, the author considers various approaches for surpassing the standard quantum limit for force measurements. In the second part, the author proposes different experimental protocols for usingoptomechanical interactions to explore quantum behavio rs of macroscopic mechanical objects. Even though this thesis mostly focuses on large-scale laser interferometer gravitational-wave detectors and related experiments, the generalapproaches apply equally well for studying small-scale optomechanical devices . The author is the winner of the 2010 Thesis prize awarded by the Gravitational Wave International Committee
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 Quantum Theory of Gravitational
Wave Detectors
3 Modifying Input Optics: Double Squeezed
input
4 Modifying Test
Mass Dynamics: Double Optical Spring
5 Measuring a Conserved Quantity: Variational Quadrature Readout
6 MQM with Three
Mode Optomechanical Interactions
7 Achieving the Ground State and Enhancing Optomechanical Entanglement
8 Universal Entanglement Between an Oscillator and Continuous Fields
9 Nonlinear Optomechanical System for Probing Mechanical Energy Quantization
10 State Preparation: Non
Gaussian Quantum State
11 Probing Macroscopic
ISBN:9783642256400
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642235658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Basics of Laser Physics [electronic resource] : For Students of Science and Engineering
Author(s): Karl F Renk
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Basics of Laser Physics provides an introductory presentation of the field of all types of lasers. It contains a general description ofthe laser, a theoretical treatment and a characterization of its operation as it deals withgas, solid state, free-e lectron and semiconductor lasers and, furthermore, with a few laser related topics. The different subjects are connected to each other by the central principleof the laser, namely, that it is aself-oscillating system. Special emphasis is put on a uniform treatment of gas and solid-state lasers, on the one hand, and semiconductor lasers, on the other hand. The discussions and the treatment of equations are presented in a waythat a reader can immediately follow. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students of science and engineering.Not only should it enable instructorstoprepare their lectures, but it canbe helpful to studentsforpreparing for an examination
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I General description of a laser and an example
Laser principle
Fabry
Perot resonator
The active medium: energy levels and line broadening
Titanium
sapphire laser
Part II Theoretical basis of the laser
Basis of the theory of the laser: the Einstein coefficients
Amplification of coherent radiation
Laser theory
Polarization and current in a laser medium
Part III Operation of a laser
Cavity resonator
Open resonator
Different ways of operation of a laser
Femtosecond laser
Part IV Types of lasers (except semiconductor lasers)
Solid state laser
ISBN:9783642235658
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Structural control (Engineering) , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642233692:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Next Generation of Photovoltaics [electronic resource] : New Concepts
Author(s): Ana Beln Cristbal Lpez
Antonio Mart Vega
Antonio Luque Lpez
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents new concepts for a next generation of PV. Among these concepts are: Multijunction solar cells, multiple excitation solar cells (or how to take benefit of high energy photons for the creation of more than oneelectron hole-pair), int ermediate band solar cells (or how to take advantage of below band-gap energy photons) and related technologies (for quantum dots, nitrides, thin films), advanced light management approaches (plasmonics).Written by world-class experts in next generation p hotovoltaics this book is an essential reference guide accessible to both beginners and experts working with solar cell technology. The book deeply analyzes the currentstate-of-the-art of the new photovoltaic approaches and outlines the implementation pat hs of these advanced devices. Topics addressed range from the fundamentals to the description of state-of-the-art of the new types of solar cells
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Progress towards a next generation of photovoltaics
Present state of multijunction research, development and industrialization
Industrialization of concentrators for MJC and other high efficiency approaches: Isfoc
Structure and tracking for concentration photovoltaics
The interest and potential of the ultra high concentration
Ultra
high efficiency solar cell modules
Multiple exciton generation solar cells
Non
coherent up
conversion in multicomponet organic systems
Progress in intermediate band solar cell research
Quantum dot technology
Thin film technology for int
ISBN:9783642233692
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v165
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Electric engineering , Renewable energy sources , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642232596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Arrows of Time [electronic resource] A Debate in Cosmology
Author(s): Laura Mersini-Houghton
Rudy Vaas
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The concept of time has fascinated humanity throughout history, and remains one of the biggest mysteries in science and philosophy. Yet a deeper understanding of nature at a fundamental level can only be achieved through acomprehension of this strang e fourth dimension. Furthermore, the origin of the universe is closely intertwined with the puzzle of time: Did time emerge at the big bang? Why does the direction of time conspire with the remarkablyordered initial state of the universe? This book addre ssesmany ofthe most important questions about time: What is time, and is it fundamental or emergent? Why is there such an arrow of time, closely related to the initial stateof the universe, and why do the cosmic, thermodynamic and other arrows agree? Thes e issues are discussed here by leading experts, and each offers a new perspective on the debate. Their contributions delve into the most difficultresearch topic in physics, also describing the latest cutting edge research on the subject. The book also off ers readers a comparison between the different outlooks of philosophy, physics and cosmology on the puzzle of time. Thisvolume is intended to be useful for research purposes, but most chapters are also accessible to a more general audience of scientifical ly educated readers looking for deeper insights.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Clock Ambiguity: Implications and New Developments
Holographic Cosmology and the Arrow of Time
A Momentous Arrow of Time
The Phantom Bounce: A New Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology
The Emergent Nature of Time and the Complex Numbers in Quantum Cosmology
The Arrow of Time in a Dark
Energy
Dominated Universe
The Problem of Time for De Sitters Spacetimes
Fundamental Loss of Quantum Coherence from Quantum Gravity
Micro
time, Macro
time, and the Pseudo
beginning of the Big Bang
Open Problems Regarding the Arrow of Time
ISBN:9783642232596
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v172
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461436096:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Aeroelasticity [electronic resource] : The Continuum Theory
Author(s): AV Balakrishnan
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The author's approach is one of continuum models of the aerodynamic flow interacting with a flexible structure whose behavior is governed by partial differential equations. Both linear and nonlinear models are considered althoughmuch of the book is c oncerned with the former while keeping the latter clearly in view. A complete chapter is also devoted to nonlinear theory. The author has provided new insights into the classical inviscid aerodynamics and raisesnovel and interesting questions on fundament al issues that have too often been neglected or forgotten in the development of the early history of the subject. The author contrasts his approach with discrete models for the unsteadyaerodynamic flow and the finite element model for the structure. Much of the aeroelasticity has been developed with applications formerly inmind because of its enormous consequences for the safety of aircraft. Aeroelasticinstabilities such as divergence and flutter and aeroelastic responses to gusts can pose a significant h azard to the aircraft and impact its performance. Yet, it is now recognized that there are many other physical phenomena that havesimilar characteristics ranging from flows around flexible tall buildings and long span bridges, alternate energy sources suc h as electric power generation by smart structures to flows internal to the human body. From the foreword:For the theorist and applied mathematician who wishes an introduction to this fascinating subject as well as for the experienced aeroelastician who i s open to new challenges and a fresh viewpoint, this book and its author have muchto offer the reader. Earl Dowell, Duke University, USA
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Dynamics of Wing Structure
The Air Flow Model
The Steady State HStatic L Solution of the Aeroelastic Equation
Linear Aeroelasticity Theory The Possio Integral Equation
NonLinear Aeroelasticity Theory in 2 D Aerodynamics Flutter As LCO
Viscous Flow Theory
Optimal Control Theory : Flutter Suppression
Aeroelastic Gust Response
ISBN:9781461436096
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial , Materials , Engineering design
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461416920:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics of Materials with Memory [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Giovambattista Amendola
Mauro Fabrizio
John Murrough Golden
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is a work in four parts, dealing with the mechanics and thermodynamics of materials with memory, including properties of the dynamical equations which describe their evolution in time under varying loads. The first part is anintroduction to Cont inuum Mechanics with sections dealing with classical Fluid Mechanics and Elasticity, linear and non-linear. The second part is devoted to Continuum Thermodynamics, which is used to derive constitutive equations ofmaterials with memory, including viscoelas tic solids, fluids, heat conductors and some examples of non-simple materials. In part three, free energies for materials with linear memory constitutive relations are comprehensively explored.The new concept of a minimal state is also introduced. Formula e derived over the last decade for the minimum and related free energies are discussed in depth. Also, a new single integral free energy which is a functional of the minimalstate is analyzed in detail. Finally, free energies for examples of non-simple mat erials are considered. In the final part, existence, uniqueness and stability results are presented for the integrodifferential equations describing thedynamical evolution of viscoelastic materials. A new approach to these topics, based on the use of mini mal states rather than histories, is discussed in detail. There are also chapters on the controllability of thermoelastic systemswith memory, the Saint-Venant problem for viscoelastic materials and on the theory of inverse problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Continuum
Materials with Constitutive Equations That Are Local in Time
Principles of Thermodynamics
Free Energies and the Dissipation Principle
Thermodynamics of Materials with Memory
A Linear Memory Model
Viscoelastic Solids and Fluids
Heat Conductors
Free Energies on Special Classes of Material
The Minimum Free Energy
Representation of the Minimum Free Energy in the Time Domain
Minimum Free Energy for Viscoelastic Solids, Fluids, and Heat Conductors
The Minimum Free Energy for a Continuous
Spectrum Material
The Minimum Free Energy for a Finite
M
ISBN:9781461416920
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mechanics , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400716797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy-Aware System Design [electronic resource] : Algorithms and Architectures
Author(s): Chong-Min Kyung
Sungjoo Yoo
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Power consumption becomes the most important design goal in a wide range of electronic systems. There are two driving forces towards this trend: continuing device scaling and ever increasing demand of higher computing power.First, device scaling cont inues to satisfy Moores law via a conventional way of scaling (More Moore) and a new way of exploiting the vertical integration (More than Moore). Second, mobile and IT convergence requires more computingpower on the silicon chip than ever. Cell phones ar e now evolving towards mobile PC. PCs and data centers are becoming commodities in house and a must in industry. Both supply enabled by device scaling and demand triggered by theconvergence trend realize more computation on chip (via multi-core, integrati on of diverse functionalities on mobile SoCs, etc.) and finally more power consumption incurring power-related issues and constraints. Energy-Aware SystemDesign: Algorithms and Architectures provides state-of-the-art ideas for low power design methods fro m circuit, architecture to software level andoffers design case studies in three fast growing areas of mobile storage, biomedicaland security. Important topics and features: - Describes very recent advanced issues and methods for energy-aware design at ea ch design level from circuit andarchitecture toalgorithm level, and also covering important blocksincluding low power main memory subsystem and on-chip network at architecture level - Explains efficient power conversion and delivery which is becoming impo rtant as heterogeneous power sources are adopted for digital and non-digitalparts - Investigates 3D die stacking emphasizing temperature awareness for better perspective on energy efficiency - Presents three practical energy-aware design case studies nove l storage device (e.g., solid state disk), biomedicalelectronics (e.g., cochlear and retina implants), and wireless surveillance camera systems. Researchers and engineers in the field of h
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
1. Introduction
2.Low
Power Circuits: fromSystem
Level Perspective
3.Energy
awareness in Processor/Multi
processors Design
4.Energy
awareness in Contemporary Memory Systems
5.Energy
awareness On
Chip Networks
6. Energy
awareness in Video Codec Design
7.Energy Generation and Conversion for Portable Electronic Systems
8.3D IC for Low Power/Energy
9. Low Power Mobile Storage: SSD Case Study
10.Energy
aware Surveillance Camera
11. IC Design in Biomedical Implantable Electronics
ISBN:9789400716797
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electronic data processing , Systems engineering , Electric engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400715738:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Powering Autonomous Sensors [electronic resource] : An Integral Approach with Focus on Solar and RF Energy Harvesting
Author(s): Mara Teresa Penella-Lpez
Manuel Gasulla-Forner
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Autonomous sensors transmit data and power their electronics without using cables. They can be found in e.g. wireless sensor networks (WSNs) or remote acquisition systems. Although primary batteries provide a simple design forpowering autonomous sens ors, they present several limitations such as limited capacity and power density, and difficulty in predicting their condition and state of charge. An alternative is to extract energy from the ambient (energyharvesting). However, the reduced dimensions of most autonomous sensors lead to a low level of available power from the energy transducer. Thus, efficient methods and circuits to manage and gather the energy are a must. An integralapproach for powering autonomous sensors by considering both primary ba tteries and energy harvesters is presented. Two rather different forms of energy harvesting are also dealt with: optical (or solar) and radiofrequency (RF). Opticalenergy provides high energy density, especially outdoors, whereas RF remote powering is pos sibly the most feasible option for autonomous sensors embedded into the soil or within structures. Throughout different chapters, devices suchas primary and secondary batteries, supercapacitors, and energy transducers are extensively reviewed. Then, circu its and methods found in the literature used to efficiently extract and gather the energy are presented. Finally, newproposals based on the authors own research are analyzed and tested. Every chapter is written to be rather independent, with each incorpor ating the relevant literature references. Powering Autonomous Sensors is intended for a wideaudience working on or interested in the powering of autonomous sensors. Researchers and engineers can find a broad introduction to basic topics in this interestin g and emerging area as well as further insights on the topics of solarand RF harvesting and of circuits and methods to maximize the power extracted from energy transducers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Load and Power Conditioning
3. Ambient Energy Sources
4. Primary Batteries and Storage Elements
5. Optical Energy Harvesting
6. Radiofrequency Energy Harvesting
ISBN:9789400715738
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electronics , Systems engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642193972:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Varying Couplings to Fundamental Physics [electronic resource] : Proceedings of Symposium 1 of JENAM 2010
Author(s): Carlos Martins
Paolo Molaro
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nature is characterized by a number of physical laws and fundamental dimensionless couplings. These determine the properties of our physical universe, from the size of atoms, cells and mountains to the ultimate fate of theuniverse as a whole. Yet it is rather remarkable how little we know about them. The constancy of physical laws is one of the cornerstones of the scientific research method, but for fundamental couplings this is an assumption with noother justification than a historical assumption. T here is no 'theory of constants' describing their role in the underlying theories and how they relate to one another or how many of them are truly fundamental. Studying thebehaviour of these quantities throughout the history of the universe is an effectiv e way to probe fundamental physics. This explains why the ESA and ESO include varying fundamental constants among their key science drivers for the nextgeneration of facilities. This symposium discussed the state-of-the-art in the field, as well as the ke y developments anticipated for the coming years
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Astrophysical Probes of Fundamental Physics
Atomic transition frequencies, isotope shifts, and sensitivity to variation of the fine structure constant for studies of quasar absorption spectra
String Theory, Dark Energy and Varying Couplings
The variation of G in a negatively curved space
time
Beyond Bekensteins Theory
The cooling of white dwarfs and a varying gravitational constant
Testing the Variation of Fundamental Constants with the CMB
The value of the fine structure constant over cosmological times
Current State of mp/me = m Measurements Versus Cosmic Time
R
ISBN:9783642193972
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642159428:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Wave Turbulence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sergey Nazarenko
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Wave Turbulence refers to the statistical theory of weakly nonlinear dispersive waves. There is a wide and growing spectrum of physical applications, ranging from sea waves, to plasma waves, to superfluid turbulence, to nonlinearoptics and Bose-Einst ein condensates. Beyond the fundamentals the book thus also covers new developments such as the interaction of random waves with coherent structures (vortices, solitons, wave breaks), inverse cascades leading tocondensation and the transitions between wea k and strong turbulence, turbulence intermittency as well as finite system size effects, such as frozen turbulence, discrete wave resonances and avalanche-type energy cascades. Thisbook is an outgrow of several lectures courses held by the author and, as a result, written and structured rather as a graduate text than a monograph, with many exercises and solutions offered along the way. The present compactdescription primarily addresses students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter and work in t his field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Wave Trubulence as a Part of General Turbulence Theory
For the Impatint: a WT Cheatsheet
Solutions to Exercises
Statistical Objects in Wave Turbulence
Wave Turbulence Formalism
Solutions to Exercises
Conserved Quantities in Wave Turbulence and Their Cascades
Steady State and Evolving Solutions for the Wave Sepctrum
Finite
Size Effects in Wave Turbulence
Properties of the Higher
order Statistics. Intermitency and WT Life Cycle
Solutions to Exercises
Nonlocal Drift/Rossby Wave Turbulence
Magneto
Hydrodynamic Trubulence
Bose
Einstein Condensa
ISBN:9783642159428
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v825
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642149689:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron-Phonon Interaction in Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pegor Aynajian
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The problem of conventional, low-temperature superconductivity has been regarded as solved since the seminal work of Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer (BCS) more than 50 years ago. However, the theory does not allow accuratepredictions of some of the m ost fundamental properties of a superconductor, including the superconducting energy gap on the Fermi surface. This thesis describes the development and scientific implementation of a new experimental methodthat puts this old problem into an entirely new light. The nominee has made major contributions to the development and implementation of a new experimental method that enhances the resolution of spectroscopic experiments on dispersivelattice-vibrational excitations (the glue responsible for Cooper pair ing of electrons in conventional superconductors) by more than two orders of magnitude. Using this method,he has discovered an unexpected relationship between thesuperconducting energy gap and the geometry of the Fermi surface in the normal state, both of which leave subtle imprints in the lattice vibrations that could not be resolved by conventional spectroscopic methods. He has confirmed thisrelationship on two elemental superconductors and on a series of metallic alloys. This indicates that a mechanism qualitatively beyond the standard BCS theory determines the magnitude and anisotropy of the superconducting gap
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Phonons and their Interactions
3. Conventional Superconductivity
4. Unconvential Superconductivity
5. Neutron Spectroscopy
6. Experimental Aspects
7. Results and Discussions
8. Conclusion
ISBN:9783642149689
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441981134:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Baseball & Softball [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rod Cross
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book describes the physics of baseball and softball, assuming that the reader has a background in both physics and mathematics at the high school level. The physics is explained in a conversational style, and illustratedwith experimental results obtained both in the laboratory and in the field. Simple equations are also used in order to model the experimental results and to test whether the explanations are actually valid. The subject matter providesan excellent opportunity to explain physics in an interesting manner, given the universal popularity of baseball and softball as pastimes. There is also the interaction between a bat and ball, which is a classic problem in physicsinvolving large forces, short time intervals, momentum, and energy tran sfer, vibration, rotation, and the different physical properties of the wood (or aluminum) of the bat, and the ball. The flight of the ball through the air isanother fascinating example of physics in action, involving the effects of gravity, air resistanc e and ball spin on the ball trajectory. For those readers who already know quite a bit of physics and who are comfortable withmathematical equations, additional material is provided in the appendices. The book also describes many simple projects for reade rs who wish to perform their own experiments, whether it is for fun, for a school project, or both. Advance Praise for The Physics of Baseball & Softball so compelling that I read every page. Rod has compiled a wonderful selection of insight and discovery to the game...I think it would be a great reference book for a physicsteacher to enrich lectures or explain topics. -Prof. Lloyd Smith, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Basic Physics
2. Bats and Balls
3. Ball Trajectories
4. Pitching Trajectories
5. Pitching Mechanics
6. Swinging a Bat
7. Contacting the Ball
8. Elastic Properties of Balls
9. Ball Hysteresis
10. Collisions
11.Bat Performance
12. Bat Vibrations
13. The Trampoline Effect
14. The Sweet Spot of a Baseball Bat
15. Flexible Bat Handles
16. Ball Bounce and Spin
17. Ball Spin Generated by a Bat
18. Bat and Ball Projects
Conversion Factors
ISBN:9781441981134
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441976499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): K.L Ngai
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems comprehensively presents a variety of experimental evidences of universal relaxation and diffusion properties in complex materials and systems. The materials discussed include liquids,glasses, colloids, pol ymers, rubbers, plastic crystals and aqueous mixtures, as well as carbohydrates, biomolecules, bioprotectants and pharmaceuticals. Due to the abundance of experimental data, emphasis is placed on glass-formers andthe glass transition problem, a still unso lved problem in condensed matter physics and chemistry. The evidence for universal properties of relaxation and diffusion dynamics suggests that a fundamental physical law is at work. Theorigin of the universal properties is traced to the many-body effect s of the interaction, rigorous theory of which does not exist at the present time. However, using solutions of simplified models as guides, key quantities have beenidentified and predictions of the universal properties generated. These predictions from Ng ais Coupling Model can qualitatively as well as quantitatively explain the experimentally observed dynamic properties of different complexinteracting materials and systems in many cases, essentially from the strength of the interaction. Change of relaxati on and diffusion dynamics when dimension of the material is reduced to nanometer scale are consistent with thepredictions. The success of the Coupling Model provides some measure of understanding the relaxation properties of complex interacting systems an d also paves the way for the construction of rigorous theories in the future. Relaxationand Diffusion in Complex Systems describes advances that affect many different areas of research, and will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of materials science, nanotechnology, energy and medicine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Universal Relaxation and Diffusion Properties in Complex Systems
Experimental Evidences
Computer Simulations
Theoretical Modeling and Interpretations
Many
Body Relaxation Dynamic and Relation to Chaos
Glass Transition and the Glassy State
Role of Thermodynamics, Volume, Entropy and Temperature
Polymer Viscoelasticity
Ionic Conductivity Relaxation in Ionically Conducting Materials
Relaxation and Diffusion at Nanometer Scales
Relaxation in Biomolecules
ISBN:9781441976499
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Partially Ordered Systems, 0941-5114
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642141133:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Renormalization and Ultracold Quantum Gases [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stefan Flrchinger
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Modern techniques from quantum field theory are applied in this work to the description of ultracold quantum gases. This leads to a unified description of many phenomena including superfluidity for bosons and fermions, classicaland quantum phase tran sitions, different dimensions, thermodynamic properties and few-body phenomena as bound state formation or the Efimov effect. The non-perturbative treatment with renormalization group flow equations can accountfor all known limiting cases by solving one s ingle equation. It improves previous results quantitatively and brings qualitatively new insights. As an example, new quantum phase transitions are found for fermions with three spin states.Ultracold atomic gases can be seen as an interesting model for fe atures of high energy physics and for condensed matter theory. The research reported in this thesis helps to solve the difficult complexity problem in modern theoreticalphysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Wetterich equation
Generalized flow equation
Truncations
Cutoff choices
Investigated models
Symmetries
Truncated flow equations
Few
body physics
Many
body physics
Conclusions
A. Some ideas on functional integration and probability
B. Technical additions
Bibliography
ISBN:9783642141133
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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