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Call number: | 1848214448:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Energy Efficiency in Wireless Networks |
Author(s): |
Jumira |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Wiley-ISTE |
Size: | 1 online resource (129 p.) |
ISBN: | 9781848214446 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Electrical & Electronics Engineering |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 1119234581:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Advanced and Refractory Ceramics for Energy Conservation and Efficiency: Ceramic Transactions, Volume 256 |
Author(s): |
ACerS |
Date: | 2016 |
Publisher: | Wiley-American Ceramic Society |
Size: | 1 online resource (225 p.) |
ISBN: | 9781119234586 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Materials Science |
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Call number: | 1118984544:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Power Grid Operation in a Market Environment: Economic Efficiency and Risk Mitigation |
Author(s): |
Chen |
Date: | 2016 |
Publisher: | Wiley-IEEE Press |
Size: | 1 online resource (289 p.) |
ISBN: | 9781118984543 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Energy |
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Call number: | 1118864638:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Large-Scale Distributed Systems and Energy Efficiency: A Holistic View |
Author(s): |
Pierson |
Date: | 2015 |
Publisher: | Wiley |
Size: | 1 online resource (337 p.) |
ISBN: | 9781118864630 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | General Computing |
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Call number: | 0470975512:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Electrical Energy Efficiency - Technologies and Applications |
Author(s): |
Sumper |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Wiley |
Size: | 1 online resource (435 p.) |
ISBN: | 9780470975510 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Energy |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 0470197676:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Energy Budgets at Risk (EBaR): A Risk Management Approach to Energy Purchase and Efficiency Choices |
Author(s): |
Jackson |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | Wiley |
Size: | 1 online resource (321 p.) |
ISBN: | 9780470197677 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Business & Management |
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Call number: | TJ163.4.U6::2005 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A manual for the economic evaluation of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies |
Author(s): |
Walter Short Daniel J. Packey Thomas Holt National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.) |
Publisher: | Honolulu, Hawaii : University Press of the Pacific |
Note: | Reprinted from the 1995 edition |
ISBN: | 9781410221056 |
Keywords: | Energy conservation Economic aspects United States , Renewable energy sources Economic aspects United States |
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Location: | MAIN |
Report-number: | NREL/TP-462-5173 |
Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319320137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Trends in Differential Equations and Applications |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (67 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-32013-7 |
Contents: | 1 M. J. Castro, J. M. Gallardo, A. Marquina: Approximate Osher-Solomon schemes for hyperbolic systems -- 2 G. Maicas, A.I. Muñoz, G. Galiano, A. Ben Hamza and E. Schiavi: Spectral shape analysis of the hippocampal structure for Alzheimer’s Diseas e diagnosis -- 3 P. Alonso, J.M. Peña, M.L. Serrano: Characterizations of M-banded ASSR matrices -- 4 E. Casas, K. Chrysafinos: A review of numerical analysis for the discretization of the velocity tracking problem -- 5 G. Castiñeira and J.M. Rodríguez : Asymptotic analysis of a viscous flow in a curved pipe with elastic walls -- 6 J. Mura and A. Caiazzo: A two-scale homogenization approach for the estimation of porosity in elastic media -- 7 J. M. Carnicer, Y. Khiar and J. M. Pena: A matrix approach to the Newton formula and divided differences -- 8 B. Climent-Ezquerra and F. Guillen-Gonzalez: Long-time behavior of a Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes vesicle-fluid interaction model -- 9 G. Viglialoro: Explicit blow-up time for two porous medium |
problems with different reaction terms -- 10 A. Domínguez-Delgado, C. Domínguez-Torres and J. Iñesta-Vaquera: Numerical Assessment of the Energy Efficiency of an Open Joint Ventilated Facade for Typical Meteorological Months Data in Southern Spai n -- 11 E. Barrena, G. Laporte, F. A. Ortega, M. A. Pozo: Planning ecotourism routes in nature parks -- 12 M. Isabel García-Planas and M. Dolors Magret: Isometries of the Hamming space and equivalence relations of linear codes over a finite field -- 13 D aniela Giachetti, Pedro J. Martínez-Aparicio and François Murat: Advances in the study of singular semilinear elliptic problems -- 14 A. Baeza, P. Mulet, and D. Zorio: Weighted extrapolation techniques for finite difference methods on complex domains wi th Cartesian meshes -- 15 V. Domínguez and C. Turc: High order Nystrom methods for transmission problems for Helmholtz Equation -- 16 A. Algaba, N. Fuentes, C. García and M. Reyes: Algebraic inverse integrating factors for a class of generalized | |
nilpotent systems -- 17 R. Burger, F. Guerrero,M.C. Martı and P. Mulet: WENO schemes for multi-dimensional porous media flow without capillarity -- 18 L. Fan, P. Monk, and V. Selgas: Time dependent scattering in an acoustic waveguide via convolutio n quadrature and the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map -- 19 M. Albareda-Sambola, L. I. Martínez-Merino and A. M. Rodríguez-Chía: Location of emergency facilities with uncertainty in the demands -- 20 P. Díaz de Alba and G. Rodriguez: Regularized solution of a nonlinear problem in applied geophysics -- 21 A. Barreras and J.M. Peña: Total positivity: a new inequality and related classes of matrices -- 22 A. Ruiz and C. Muriel: Applications of C∞-symmetries in the construction of solvable structures -- 23 R. de la Rosa and M. S. Bruzón: Travelling wave solutions of a generalized variable-coefficient Gardner equation -- 24 Rodolfo Bermejo and Laura Saavedra: A second order local projection Lagrange-Galerkin method for Navier-Stokes equations at high | |
Reynolds numbers -- 25 F. Guillén-González and J. R. Rodrıguez-Galvan: Finite Element approximation of Hydrostatic Stokes Equations: Review and Tests | |
ISBN: | 9783319320137 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | SEMA SIMAI Springer Series: 8 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Differential equations , Partial differential equations , Mathematical physics , Computer mathematics , Mathematics , Partial Differential Equations , Ordinary Differential Equations , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319240671:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Energy-Efficient VCSELs for Optical Interconnects |
Author(s): |
Philip Moser |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (17 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-24067-1 |
Contents: | Introduction -- VCSEL Fundamentals -- Dynamic Properties of Oxide-Conﬁned VCSELs -- Dynamic Energy Eﬃciency -- Fabrication of High-speed VCSELs -- VCSEL Design -- 850-nm VCSEL Results -- 980-nm VCSEL Results -- Conclusions and Outlook |
ISBN: | 9783319240671 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Energy efficiency , Information storage and retrieval , Semiconductors , Lasers , Photonics , Electrical engineering , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Semiconductors , Energy Efficiency (incl. Buildings) , Communications Engineering, Networks , Information Storage and Retrieval |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642409783:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Pulsed Laser Ablation of Solids [electronic resource] : Basics, Theory and Applications |
Author(s): |
Mihai Stafe Aurelian Marcu Niculae N Puscas |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The book introduces the state of the art' of pulsed laser ablation and its applications. It is based on recent theoretical and experimental studies. The book reaches from the basics to advanced topics of pulsed laser ablation.Theoretical and experime ntal fundamental phenomena involved in pulsed laser ablation are discussed with respect to material properties, laser wavelength, fluence and intensity regime of the light absorbed linearly or non-linearly inthe target material. The energy absorbed by the electrons leads to atom/molecule excitation, ionization and/or direct chemical bond breaking and is also transferred to the lattice leading to material heating and phase transitions.Experimental non-invasive optical methods for analyzing these phenomena in real time are described. Theoretical models for pulsed laser ablation and phase transitions induced by laser beams and laser-vapour/plasma interaction duringthe plume expansion above the target are also presented. Calculations of the ablation speed and dimensions of the ablated micro- and nano-structures are performed. The validity and required refinement of different models in differentexperimental conditions is provided. The pulsed laser deposition process which bases on collecting the ablated partic les on a surface is analyzed in terms of efficiency and quality of the deposited films as a function of ambientconditions, target material, laser parameters and substrate characteristics. The interaction between the incident laser and the ablation plasma is analyzed with respect to its influence on the structures of the deposited films and itscapacity to generate high harmonics and single attosecond pulses which are highly desirable in pump-probe experiments |
Contents: | Lasers for Pulsed Laser Ablation |
Laser | |
Matter Interaction Below the Plasma Ignition Threshold Intensity | |
Laser | |
Matter Interaction Above the Plasma Ignition Threshold Intensity | |
Material Removal and Deposition by Pulsed Laser Ablation and Associated Phenomena | |
Experimental Techniques for Analyzing the Material Removal and Deposition Rates in Real Time | |
ISBN: | 9783642409783 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Series in Surface Sciences, 0931-5195 : v53 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642375309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Bulk and Surface Electronic Structures |
Author(s): |
Shigemasa Suga Akira Sekiyama |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Photoelectron spectroscopy is now becoming more and more required to investigate electronic structures of various solid materials in the bulk, on surfaces as well as at buried interfaces. The energy resolution was much improved inthe last decade down to 1 meV in the low photon energy region. Now this technique is available from a few eV up to 10 keV by use of lasers, electron cyclotron resonance lamps in addition to synchrotron radiation and X-ray tubes. Highresolution angle resolved photoelectron sp ectroscopy (ARPES) is now widely applied to band mapping of materials. It attracts a wide attention from both fundamental science and material engineering. Studies of the dynamics of excitedstates are feasible by time of flight spectroscopywith fully util izing the pulse structures of synchrotron radiation as well as lasers including the free electron lasers (FEL). Spin resolved studies also made dramatic progress byusing higher efficiency spin detectors and two dimensional spin detectors. Polarization dep endent measurements in the whole photon energy spectrum of the spectra provide useful information on the symmetry of orbitals. The book dealswith the fundamental concepts and approaches for the application of this technique to materials studies. Complemen tary techniques such as inverse photoemission, photoelectron diffraction, photon spectroscopy including infrared andX-ray and scanning tunneling spectroscopy are presented. This book provides not only a wide scope of photoelectron spectroscopy of solids b ut also extends our understanding of electronic structures beyond photoelectron spectroscopy |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
Instrumentation and Methodology | |
Bulk and Surface Sensitivity of Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Examples of Angle Integrated Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Angle | |
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy in HV | |
regions | |
High Resolution Soft X | |
ray Angle | |
Integrated and | |
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Correlated Electron Systems | |
Very Low Photon Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Inverse Photoemission | |
Photoelectron Diffraction | |
Complementary Techniques for Studying Bulk Electronic Structures | |
Surface Spectroscopy by Scanning Tunneling Microscope | |
ISBN: | 9783642375309 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319070919:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Non-equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes [electronic resource] : Theoretical Description at the Level of Molecular Structures |
Author(s): |
Viktor Holubec |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Various experimental techniques have been advanced in recent years to measure non-equilibrium energy transformations on themicroscopic scale of single molecules. In general, the systems studied inthecorrespondingexperiments are exposed to strong ther mal fluctuations and thus the relevant energetic variables such as work and heat become stochastic. This thesis addresses challenging theoretical problems in this active field ofcurrent research: 1) Exact analytical solutions of work and heat distribution s for isothermal non-equilibrium processes in suitable models are obtained 2) Corresponding solutions for cyclic processes involving two different heatreservoirs are found 3) Optimization of periodic driving protocols for such cyclic processes with respec t to maximal output power, efficiency, and minimal power fluctuations is studied. The exact solutions for work and heatdistributionsprovide areference for theoretical investigations of more complicated models,giving insight into the structure of the tail of work distributions andserving asvaluable test cases for simulations of the underlyingstochastic processes |
Contents: | Introduction |
Discrete State Space Models | |
Continuous State Space Models | |
Heat Engines | |
Conclusion | |
ISBN: | 9783319070919 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Thermodynamics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319055213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2013) [electronic resource] : Proceedings, Antalya, Turkey, 9-12 October 2013 |
Author(s): |
Ahmet Yavuz Oral Zehra Banu Bahsi Mehmet Ozer |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2013) was held on 9-12 October, 2013. This three-day congress focused on the latest developments of sustainable energy technologies, materials forsustainable energy ap plications and environmental & economic perspectives of energy. These proceedings include 63 peer reviewed technical papers, submitted from leading academic and research institutions from over 23 countries,representing some of the most cutting edge resear ch available. The papers included were presented at the congress in the following sessions: General Issues Wind Energy Solar Energy Nuclear Energy Biofuels and Bioenergy Energy StorageEnergy Conservation and Efficiency Energy in Buildings Economical and Environmental Issues Environment Energy Requirements Economic Development Materials for Sustainable Energy Hydrogen Production and Storage Photovoltaic CellsThermionic Converters Batteries and Superconductors Phase Change Materials Fuel Cells Superconduc tors |
Contents: | Study of the Effect of Transition Metals on Titanium Dioxide Phase Transformation |
Green Synthesized CdSe Quantum Dots Capped by 3 | |
Mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) Sensitized Solar Cells | |
Study of the Thermal Decomposition of Some Components of Biomass by Desorption Mass Spectrometry | |
Thermal Properties of Algerian Diatomite, Study of the Possibility to its Use in the Thermal Insulation | |
Optimal Resource Allocation in Steel Making Using Torrefied Biomass as Auxiliary Reductant | |
Numerical Simulation of Cavity with an Upper Free Surface | |
Walk Optimization of a Drilling Operation Carried | |
ISBN: | 9783319055213 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v155 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Electric engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781461492726:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Physics of Societal Issues [electronic resource] : Calculations on National Security, Environment, and Energy |
Author(s): |
David Hafemeister |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book provides the reader with essential tools needed to analyze complex societal issues and demonstrates the transition from physics to modern-day laws and treaties. This second edition features new equation-orientedmaterial and extensive data s ets drawing upon current information from experts in their fields. Problems to challenge the reader and extend discussion are presented on three timely issues: National Security:Weapons, Offense, Defense, Verification, Nuclear Proliferation, Terrorism Environment: Air/Water, Nuclear, Climate Change, EM Fields/Epidemiology Energy: Current Energy Situation, Buildings, SolarBuildings, Renewable Energy, Enhanced End-Use Efficiency, Transportation, Economics Praise for the first edition: This insight is n eeded in Congress and the Executive Branch. Hafemeister, a former Congressional fellow with wideWashington experience, has written a book for physicists, chemists and engineers who want to learn science and policy on weapons, energy, and the environment. Scientists who want to make a difference will want this book. RichardScribner, first Director, Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow Program, AAAS Hafemeister shows how much one can understand about nuclear weapons and missile issues through simpl e back-of-the-envelope calculations. He alsoprovides compact explanations of the partially successful attempts that have been made over the past 60 years to control these weapons of mass destruction. Hopefully, Physics of Societal Issues will help interes t a new generation ofphysicists in continuing this work. Frank von Hippel, Professor, Princeton, former Assistant Director, National Security, White House, OSTP Energy policy must be quantitative. People who don't calculate economic tradeoffs oftenchampi on simplistic hardware. The solution is more... nuclear power, or electric cars, or photovoltaics, etc. Some simple physics will s |
Contents: | Nuclear Weapons |
The Offense: Missiles and War Games | |
The Defense: ABM/SDI/BMD/NMD | |
Verification and Arms Control Treaties | |
Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism | |
Air and Water Pollution | |
Nuclear Pollution | |
Climate Change | |
Electromagnetic Fields and Epidemiology | |
The Energy Situation and Fossil Fuels | |
Energy in Buildings | |
Solar Buildings | |
Renewable Energy | |
Enhanced End | |
Use Efficiency | |
Transportation | |
Energy Economics | |
Appendix A: Nuclear Arms Chronology | |
Appendix B: Energy/ Environment Chronology | |
Appendix C: Nuclear | |
Age History | |
Appendix D: Units | |
Appendi | |
ISBN: | 9781461492726 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Renewable energy sources , Nuclear engineering , Environmental law |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9789400749849:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Veljko Zlatic Alex Hewson |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Thermoelectric devices could play an important role in making efficient use of our energy resources but their efficiency would need to be increased for their wide scale application. There is a multidisciplinary search formaterials with an enhanced th ermoelectric responses for use in such devices. This volume covers the latest ideas and developments in this research field, covering topics ranging from the fabrication and characterization of newmaterials, particularly those with strong electron correla tion, use of nanostructured, layered materials and composites, through to theoretical work to gain a deeper understanding of thermoelectric behavior. It should be a useful guideand stimulus to all working in this very topical field |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9789400749849 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642309700:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | High Energy Astrophysics [electronic resource] : An Introduction |
Author(s): |
Thierry J.-L Courvoisier |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | High-energy astrophysics has unveiled a Universe very different from that only known from optical observations. It has revealed many types of objects in which typical variability timescales are as short as years, months, days, andhours (in quasars, X -ray binaries, and other objects), and even down to milli-seconds in gamma ray bursts. The sources of energy that are encountered are only very seldom nuclear fusion, and most of the time gravitation, a paradox whenone thinks that gravitation is, by many orders of magnitude, the weakest of the fundamental interactions. The understanding of these objects' physical conditions and the processes revealed by high-energy astrophysics in the lastdecades is nowadays part of astrophysicists' culture, even of those active in other domains of astronomy. This book evolved from lectures given to master and PhD students at the University of Geneva since the early 1990s. It aims atproviding astronomers and physicists intending to be active in high-energy astrophysics a broad basis on which they should be able to build the more specific knowledge they will need. While in the first part of the book the physicalprocesses are described and derived in detail, the second part studies astrophysical objects in which high-energy astrophysics plays a crucial role. This two-pronged approach will help students recognise physical processes by theirobservational signatures in contexts that may differ widely from those presented here |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Part I Physical Processes |
1 The framework | |
2 Radiation of an accelerated charge | |
3 Bremsstrahlung | |
4 Cyclotron line emission | |
5 Synchrotron emission | |
6 Compton processes | |
7 Comptonisation | |
8 Pair Processes | |
9 Particle acceleration | |
10 Accretion | |
11 Radiation inefficient accretion flows | |
Part II Astrophysical Objects | |
12 Black holes and accretion efficiency | |
13 Neutron Stars | |
14 Pulsars | |
15 The HulseTaylor pulsar and gravitational radiation | |
16 X | |
ray binaries | |
17 X | |
ray binaries evolution | |
18 Relativistic jets | |
19 Gamma ray bursts | |
20 Active galactic | |
ISBN: | 9783642309700 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783319009001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Nouamane Laanait |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces presents an investigation that combines experiments, theory, and computer simulations to demonstrate that the interdependency between ion correlations and other ioninteractions in solution can ex plain the distribution of ions near an electrified liquid/liquid interface. The properties of this interface are exploited to vary the coupling strength of ion-ion correlations from weak to strong whilemonitoring their influence on ion distributions at th e nanometer scale with X-ray reflectivity and on the macroscopic scale with interfacial tension measurements. This thesis demonstrates that a parameter-free density functional theorythat includes ion-ion correlations and ion-solvent interactions is in agr eement with the data over the entire range of experimentally tunable correlation coupling strengths. The reported findings represent a significant advance towardsunderstanding the nature and role of ion correlations in charged soft-matter. Ion distributio ns underlie many scientific phenomena and technological applications, including electrostatic interactions between charged biomolecules andthe efficiency of energy storage devices. These distributions are determined by interactions dictated by the chemica l properties of the ions and their environment, as well as the long-range nature of the electrostatic force. Thepresence of strong correlations between ions is responsible for counterintuitive effects such as like-charge attraction |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | The Poisson |
Boltzmann Equation | |
Electrochemical Methods | |
X | |
Ray Reflectivity Studies of Ion Condensation at the Electrified Liquid/Liquid Interface | |
Sterically Modified Poisson | |
Boltzmann Equation | |
Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Solvent Correlations | |
The Role of Electrostatic Ion Correlations in Ion Condensation | |
ISBN: | 9783319009001 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783319004228:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Kinetic Simulations of Ion Transport in Fusion Devices [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Andrs Bustos Molina |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This thesis deals with the problem of ion confinement in thermonuclear fusion devices. It is a topic of general interest, as it helps to understand via numerical simulations the ion confinement properties in complex geometries,in order to predict the ir behavior and maximize the performance of future fusion reactors. The main work carried out in this thesis is the improvement and exploitation of an existing simulation code called ISDEP. This code solves theso-called ion collisional transport in arbitr ary plasma geometry, improving in this sense other existing codes. Additionally, it presents outstanding portability and scalability in distributed computing architectures, such as Grid orVolunteer Computing. The main physical results can be divided into two blocks. First, the study of 3D ion transport in ITER is presented. ITER is the largest fusion reactor (under construction) and most of the simulations so far assumethe axis-symmetry of the device. Unfortunately, this symmetry is only an approximation because of the discrete number of magnetic coils used. ISDEP has shown, using a simple model of the 3D magnetic field, how the ion confinement isaffected by this symmetry breaking. Secondly, ISDEP has been applied successfully to the study of fast ion dyn amics in fusion plasmas. The fast ions, with energies much larger than the thermal energy, are a product of the devicesheating system. Thus, a numerical predictive tool can be used to improve the heating efficiency. ISDEP has been combined with the FAFNER 2 code to study such ions in stellarator (TJ-II, LHD) and tokamak (ITER) geometries. It has alsobeen validated by experimental results. In particular, comparisons with the CNPA diagnostic in the TJ-II stellarator are remarkable |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
ISDEP | |
3D Transport in ITER | |
Simulations of Fast Ions in Stellarators | |
Simulations of NBI Ion Transport in ITER | |
Overview and Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9783319004228 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Nuclear fusion |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783319003481:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Ultrathin Metal Transparent Electrodes for the Optoelectronics Industry [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Dhriti Sundar Ghosh |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Transparent electrodes (TEs) are a class of materials that make it possible to bring electrical current or potentials in close proximity to optically active regions without significant loss of optical energy. However, it is achallenge to decouple the electrical and optical properties of a material, as the property of conductivity is strongly coupled to the imaginary part of the refractive index. An ideal TE has high transparency in combination with verylow electrical resistivity. The main objective o f the thesis was to develop TEs which can replace expensive, scarce and fragile Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), the most widely used TE material in the industry today. The thesis containsoriginal work on ultrathin metal film (UTMF)-based TEs, which are essential elements in a wide range of optoelectronics, consumer electronics and energy devices. It presents new designs and fabrication methods and demonstrates theefficient use of UTMF-TEs in organic light emitting diodes and solar cells, achieving similar levels of efficiency to that of state-of-the-art ITO |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Basics of Ultrathin Metal Films and Their Use as Transparent Electrodes |
Ultrathin Metal Film Transparent Electrode Incorporating a Conductive Gride | |
Copper Bilayer Tranparent Electrodes | |
Ultrathin Alloy Films as Transparent Electrodes | |
Ag/Al:ZnO Nano | |
thick Bilayer Transparent Electrodes | |
Ultrathing Metal Capped Al | |
Doped ZnO as Transparent Electrode | |
ISBN: | 9783319003481 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9781461471721:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations: Theory, Algorithms, and Their Applications [electronic resource] : In Honor of Professor Raytcho Lazarov's 40 Years of Research in Computational Methods and AppliedMathematics / edited by Oleg P. Iliev, Svetozar D. Margenov, Peter D Minev, Panayot S. Vassilevski, Ludmil T Zikatanov |
Author(s): |
Oleg P Iliev Svetozar D Margenov Peter D Minev Panayot S Vassilevski Ludmil T Zikatanov |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | One of the currentmain challenges in the areaof scientific computing is the design and implementation of accuratenumerical models forcomplex physical systems which aredescribed by time-dependent coupled systems ofnonlinear PDEs.This volume integrates the works of experts in computational mathematics and its applications, with a focuson modern algorithms which are at the heart of accurate modeling: adaptive finite element methods,conservative finite difference methods and finite volume methods,and mul tilevel solution techniques. Fundamental theoretical results are revisited in survey articles, and new techniques in numerical analysis are introduced.Applications showcasing the efficiency, reliability, and robustness of the algorithms in porous media, s tructural mechanics, and electromagnetism are presented. Researchers and graduate students in numerical analysis and numericalsolutions of PDEsand their scientific computing applications will find this book useful. |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Improving Conservation for First |
Order System Least Squares Finite | |
Element Methods, James Adler, Panayot Vassilevski | |
Multiscale Coarsening for Linear Elasticity by Energy Minimization, Heiko Andrae, Marco Buck, Oleg Iliev | |
Preconditioners for some matrices of two | |
by | |
two block form, with applications, I, Owe Axelsson | |
A multigrid algorithm for an elliptic problem with a perturbed boundary condition, Andrea Bonito, Joe Pasciak | |
Parallel Unsmoothed Aggregation Algebraic Multigrid Algorithms on GPUs, James Brannick, Yao Chen, Xiaozhe Hu, Ludmil Zikatanov | |
Aspects of Guaranteed Error | |
ISBN: | 9781461471721 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v45 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Functional equations , Differential equations, partial , Computer science Mathematics , Numerical analysis |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9781461456995:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Three Dimensional Solar Cells Based on Optical Confinement Geometries [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Yuan Li |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Three dimensional (3D) optical geometries are becoming more common in the literature and lexicon of solar cells. Three Dimensional Solar Cells Based on Optical Confinement Geometries describes and reveals the basic operationalnuances of 3D photovolta ics using three standard tools: Equivalent Circuit Models, Ray Tracing Optics in the Cavity, and Absorber Spectral Response. These tools aide in understanding experimental absorption profile and deviceparameters including Jsc, Voc, Fill Factor, and EQE. T hese methods also apply to individual optical confinement geometry device, integrated optical confinement geometry device, and hybrid optical confinement geometry device.Additionally, this book discusses the importance of these methods in achieving the go al of high efficiency solar cells and suggests a potential application in large-scale photovoltaics businesses, like solar farms |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Equivalent Circuit | |
Optical Path in Cavity | |
Spectral Response | |
Individual Optical Confinement Geometry Device | |
Integrated Optical Confinement Geometry Device | |
Hybrid Optical Confinement Geometry Device | |
Conclusion | |
Appendices | |
ISBN: | 9781461456995 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Electric engineering , Renewable energy sources |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9781447147275:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Pollution Under Environmental Regulation in Energy Markets [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Francesco Gull |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | London : Springer London : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Pollution Under Environmental Regulation in Energy Markets provides a study of environmental regulation when energy markets are imperfectly competitive. This theoretical treatment focuses on three relevant cases of energy markets.First, the residenti al space heating sector where hybrid regulation such as taxation and emissions trading together are possible. Second, the electricity market where transactions are organized in the form of multi-period auctions.Third, namely natural gas (input) and electr icity (output) markets where there is combined imperfect competition in vertical related energy markets. The development of free or low carbon technologies supported by energy policies,aiming at increasing security of supply, is also explored whilst cons idering competition policies that reduce market power in energy markets thus improving market efficiency. Pollution Under Environmental Regulation in Energy Marketsdiscusses the key issues of whether imperfect competition can lessen the ability of environ mental policy to reduce pollution and/or to minimize the cost of meeting environmental targets. Policymakers, analysts and researchers gain athorough understanding of the performance of environmental policy from Pollution Under Environmental Regulation i n Energy Markets leading to better design of simulation models of performance and costs of environmental regulation |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | 1.Introduction and Summary |
2. Pollution under Hybrid Environmental Regulation: the Case of Space Heating | |
3. Pollution under Environmental Regulation within Multi | |
period Auctions: the Case of Electricity Markets | |
4. Pollution under Imperfect Competition in Vertical Related Energy Markets | |
ISBN: | 9781447147275 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Energy, 2195-1284 : v6 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Engineering , Engineering economy , Environmental economics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642343117:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Phosphate Phosphors for Solid-State Lighting [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kartik N. Shinde S.J. Dhoble H.C. Swart Kyeongsoon Park |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Monograph |
Note: | Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
ISBN: | 9783642343117 |
Series: | Springer Series in Materials Science |
Series: | e-books |
Keywords: | Optical and Electronic Materials , Solid State Physics , Energy Technology , Energy Efficiency (incl. Buildings) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642233692:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Next Generation of Photovoltaics [electronic resource] : New Concepts |
Author(s): |
Ana Beln Cristbal Lpez Antonio Mart Vega Antonio Luque Lpez |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book presents new concepts for a next generation of PV. Among these concepts are: Multijunction solar cells, multiple excitation solar cells (or how to take benefit of high energy photons for the creation of more than oneelectron hole-pair), int ermediate band solar cells (or how to take advantage of below band-gap energy photons) and related technologies (for quantum dots, nitrides, thin films), advanced light management approaches (plasmonics).Written by world-class experts in next generation p hotovoltaics this book is an essential reference guide accessible to both beginners and experts working with solar cell technology. The book deeply analyzes the currentstate-of-the-art of the new photovoltaic approaches and outlines the implementation pat hs of these advanced devices. Topics addressed range from the fundamentals to the description of state-of-the-art of the new types of solar cells |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Progress towards a next generation of photovoltaics |
Present state of multijunction research, development and industrialization | |
Industrialization of concentrators for MJC and other high efficiency approaches: Isfoc | |
Structure and tracking for concentration photovoltaics | |
The interest and potential of the ultra high concentration | |
Ultra | |
high efficiency solar cell modules | |
Multiple exciton generation solar cells | |
Non | |
coherent up | |
conversion in multicomponet organic systems | |
Progress in intermediate band solar cell research | |
Quantum dot technology | |
Thin film technology for int | |
ISBN: | 9783642233692 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v165 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Microwaves , Electric engineering , Renewable energy sources , Optical materials |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9789400716797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Energy-Aware System Design [electronic resource] : Algorithms and Architectures |
Author(s): |
Chong-Min Kyung Sungjoo Yoo |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Power consumption becomes the most important design goal in a wide range of electronic systems. There are two driving forces towards this trend: continuing device scaling and ever increasing demand of higher computing power.First, device scaling cont inues to satisfy Moores law via a conventional way of scaling (More Moore) and a new way of exploiting the vertical integration (More than Moore). Second, mobile and IT convergence requires more computingpower on the silicon chip than ever. Cell phones ar e now evolving towards mobile PC. PCs and data centers are becoming commodities in house and a must in industry. Both supply enabled by device scaling and demand triggered by theconvergence trend realize more computation on chip (via multi-core, integrati on of diverse functionalities on mobile SoCs, etc.) and finally more power consumption incurring power-related issues and constraints. Energy-Aware SystemDesign: Algorithms and Architectures provides state-of-the-art ideas for low power design methods fro m circuit, architecture to software level andoffers design case studies in three fast growing areas of mobile storage, biomedicaland security. Important topics and features: - Describes very recent advanced issues and methods for energy-aware design at ea ch design level from circuit andarchitecture toalgorithm level, and also covering important blocksincluding low power main memory subsystem and on-chip network at architecture level - Explains efficient power conversion and delivery which is becoming impo rtant as heterogeneous power sources are adopted for digital and non-digitalparts - Investigates 3D die stacking emphasizing temperature awareness for better perspective on energy efficiency - Presents three practical energy-aware design case studies nove l storage device (e.g., solid state disk), biomedicalelectronics (e.g., cochlear and retina implants), and wireless surveillance camera systems. Researchers and engineers in the field of h |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Foreword |
1. Introduction | |
2.Low | |
Power Circuits: fromSystem | |
Level Perspective | |
3.Energy | |
awareness in Processor/Multi | |
processors Design | |
4.Energy | |
awareness in Contemporary Memory Systems | |
5.Energy | |
awareness On | |
Chip Networks | |
6. Energy | |
awareness in Video Codec Design | |
7.Energy Generation and Conversion for Portable Electronic Systems | |
8.3D IC for Low Power/Energy | |
9. Low Power Mobile Storage: SSD Case Study | |
10.Energy | |
aware Surveillance Camera | |
11. IC Design in Biomedical Implantable Electronics | |
ISBN: | 9789400716797 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Electronic data processing , Systems engineering , Electric engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783642007163:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to Thermoelectricity [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
H. Julian Goldsmid |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Introduction to Thermoelectricity is the latest work by Professor Julian Goldsmid drawing on his 55 years experience in the field. The theory of the thermoelectric and related phenomena is presented in sufficient detail to enableresearchers to unders tand their observations and develop improved thermoelectric materials. The methods for the selection of materials and their improvement are discussed. Thermoelectric materials for use in refrigeration andelectrical generation are reviewed. Experimental te chniques for the measurement of properties and for the production of thermoelements are described. Special emphasis is placed on nanotechnology which promises to yield greatimprovements in the efficiency of thermoelectric devices. Chapters are also devote d to transverse thermoelectric effects and thermionic energy conversion, both techniques offering the promise of important applications in the future |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | The Thermoelectric and Related Effects |
Theory of Thermoelectric Refrigeration and Generation | |
Thermoelectric Properties of Metals and Semiconductors | |
Optimisation and Selection of Semiconductor Thermoelements | |
Minimising the Thermal Conductivity | |
The Improvement of a Specific Material Bismuth Telluride | |
Methods for the Production of Materials | |
Measurement Techniques | |
Review of Thermoelectric Materials | |
Thermoelectric Modules and Their Application | |
Transverse Devices | |
Properties of Nanostructured Materials | |
Thermionic Energy Conversion | |
ISBN: | 9783642007163 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v121 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Thermodynamics , Engineering , Production of electric energy or power , Materials |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783540793595:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | High-Efficient Low-Cost Photovoltaics [electronic resource] : Recent Developments |
Author(s): |
Vesselinka Petrova-Koch Rudolf Hezel Adolf Goetzberger |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | A bird's-eye view of the development and problems of recent photovoltaic cells and systems and prospects for Si feedstock is presented. High-efficient low-cost PV modules, making use of novel efficient solar cells (based on c-Sior III-V materials), a nd low cost solar concentrators are in the focus of this book. Recent developments of organic photovoltaics, which is expected to overcome its difficulties and to enter the market soon, are also included |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Milestones of Solar Conversion and Photovoltaics |
From Extraterrestrial to Terrestrial Applications | |
PV Solar Electricity: From a Niche Market to One of the Most Important Mainstream Markets for Electricity | |
Advanced Solar | |
Grade Si Material | |
EFG Ribbon Technology | |
A Novel High | |
Efficiency Rear | |
Contact Solar Cell with Bifacial Sensitivity | |
Commercial High | |
Efficiency Silicon Solar Cells | |
III | |
V Solar Cells and Concentrator Arrays | |
The Economic Perspective: Is Concentrator PV Capable of Breaking the Economic Barrier | |
Fluorescent Solar Energy Concentrators: Principle and Present St | |
ISBN: | 9783540793595 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v140 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Laser physics , Physical optics , Engineering , Optical materials |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2006-9780387293387:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Solid-State Laser Engineering [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Walter Koechner |
Date: | 2006 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Written from an industrial perspective, Solid-State Laser Engineering discusses in detail the characteristics, design, construction, and performance of solid-state lasers. Emphasis is placed on engineering and practicalconsiderations phenomenological aspects using models are preferred to abstract mathematical derivations. Since its first edition almost 30 years ago this book has become the standard in the field of solid-state lasers forscientists,engineers and graduate students. This new edition has been extensively revised and updated to account for recent developments in the areas of diode-laser pumping, laser materials and nonlinear crystals. Completely newsections have been added dealing with frequency control, the theory of mode-locking, femto s econd lasers, high efficiency harmonic generation, passive and acousto-optic Q-switching, semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM) andperidically poled nonlinear crystals |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Energy Transfer between Radiation and Atomic Transitions |
Properties of Solid | |
State Laser Materials | |
Laser Oscillator | |
Laser Amplifier | |
Optical Resonator | |
Optical Pump Systems | |
Thermal Optic Effects | |
Q | |
Switching | |
Mode | |
locking | |
Nonlinear Devices | |
Damage of Optical Elements | |
ISBN: | 9780387293387 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v1 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Particles (Nuclear physics) , Laser physics , Microwaves |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2004-9781461302513:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Frontiers in Global Optimization |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2004 |
Size: | 1 online resource (598 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4613-0251-3 |
Contents: | A Deterministic Global Optimization Algorithm for Problems with Nonlinear Dynamics -- Exact solution of three nonconvex quadratic programming problems -- Global Optimization of Bioprocesses using Stochastic and Hybrid Methods -- |
Computational Experiments with an Adaptive Genetic Algorithm for Global Minimization of Potential Energy Functions -- A New Approach in Deterministic Global Optimisation of Problems with Ordinary Differential Equations -- Global | |
Optimization of Homogeneous Polynomials on the Simplex and on the Sphere -- Exact parallel algorithms for the location depth and the maximum feasible subsystem problems -- An Improved Method for the Computation of Affine Lower Bound | |
Functions for Polynomials -- Implementation and Testing of a Branch-and-Bound Based Method for Deterministic Global Optimization: Operations Research Applications -- MINLP Optimization Using Simplicial Approximation Method for Classes | |
of Non-Convex Problems -- A General Framework for Constructing Cooperative Global Optimization Algorithms -- Constrained Global Optimization Adaptive Gradient Flows -- Exact Computation of Global Minima of a Nonconvex Portfolio | |
Optimization Problem -- Global Reliability-Based Design Optimization -- Reducing the Cost of Evaluation of the Gradient and Hessian of Molecular Potential Energy Functions -- Global Dynamic Optimization of Linear Hybrid Systems -- | |
AMIGO: Advanced Multidimensional Interval analysis Global Optimization -- Trilinear Monomials with Positive or Negative Domains: Facets of the Convex and Concave Envelopes -- Analysis of Nonconvex Polynomial Programs by the Method of | |
Moments -- The Steiner Ratio and the Homochirality of Biomacromolecular Structures -- A Multi Dimensional Assignment Formulation For New Product Development Problems -- Quasiconvexity, Fractional Programming and Extremal Traffic | |
Congestion -- Optimal Solution of Integer Multicommodity Flow Problems With Application in Optical Networks -- Pre-search Screening: A Technique to Improve Search Efficiency in Global Optimization -- Global Optimization of Bilevel | |
Programming Problems via Parametric Programming -- Global Solution of Optimization Problems with Dynamic Systems Embedded -- A multi-start methodology for constrained global optimization using novel constrained local optimizers -- | |
Representation and numerical determination of the global optimizer of a continuous function on a bounded domain -- Global Optimization under nonlinear restrictions by using stochastic perturbations of the projected gradient -- On the | |
Existence of Polyhedral Convex Envelopes -- Optimal Selection of the Regression Kernel Matrix with Semidefinite Programming -- Termination Criteria in the Moore-Skelboe Algorithm for Global Optimization by Interval Arithmetic | |
ISBN: | 9781461302513 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications: 74 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Algorithms , Mathematical models , Mathematical optimization , Mathematics , Optimization , Algorithms , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2004-9780387225265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Noise Theory and Application to Physics From Fluctuations to Information |
Author(s): |
Philippe Réfrégier |
Date: | 2004 |
Size: | 1 online resource (288 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-0-387-22526-5 |
Contents: | 1 Introduction -- 2 Random Variables -- 2.1 Random Events and Probability -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3 Means and Moments -- 2.4 Median and Mode of a Probability Distribution -- 2.5 Joint Random Variables -- 2.6 Covariance -- 2.7 |
Change of Variables -- 2.8 Stochastic Vectors -- Exercises -- 3 Fluctuations and Covariance -- 3.1 Stochastic Processes -- 3.2 Stationarity and Ergodicity -- 3.3 Ergodicity in Statistical Physics -- 3.4 Generalization to Stochastic | |
Fields -- 3.5 Random Sequences and Cyclostationarity -- 3.6 Ergodic and Stationary Cases -- 3.7 Application to Optical Coherence -- 3.8 Fields and Partial Differential Equations -- 3.9 Power Spectral Density -- 3.10 Filters and | |
Fluctuations -- 3.11 Application to Optical Imaging -- 3.12 Green Functions and Fluctuations -- 3.13 Stochastic Vector Fields -- 3.14 Application to the Polarization of Light -- 3.15 Ergodicity and Polarization of Light -- 3.16 | |
Appendix: Wiener–Khinchine Theorem -- Exercises -- 4 Limit Theorems and Fluctuations -- 4.1 Sum of Random Variables -- 4.2 Characteristic Function -- 4.3 Central Limit Theorem -- 4.4 Gaussian Noise and Stable Probability Laws -- 4.5 A | |
Simple Model of Speckle -- 4.6 Random Walks -- 4.7 Application to Diffusion -- 4.8 Random Walks and Space Dimensions -- 4.9 Rare Events and Particle Noise -- 4.10 Low Flux Speckle -- Exercises -- 5 Information and Fluctuations -- 5.1 | |
Shannon Information -- 5.2 Entropy -- 5.3 Kolmogorov Complexity -- 5.4 Information and Stochastic Processes -- 5.5 Maximum Entropy Principle -- 5.6 Entropy of Continuous Distributions -- 5.7 Entropy, Propagation and Diffusion -- 5.8 | |
Multidimensional Gaussian Case -- 5.9 Kullback-Leibler Measure -- 5.10 Appendix: Lagrange Multipliers -- Exercises -- 6 Thermodynamic Fluctuations -- 6.1 Gibbs Statistics -- 6.2 Free Energy -- 6.3 Connection with Thermodynamics -- 6.4 | |
Covariance of Fluctuations -- 6.5 A Simple Example -- 6.6 Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem -- 6.7 Noise at the Terminals of an RC Circuit -- 6.8 Phase Transitions -- 6.9 Critical Fluctuations -- Exercises -- 7 Statistical Estimation -- | |
7.1 The Example of Poisson Noise -- 7.2 The Language of Statistics -- 7.3 Characterizing an Estimator -- 7.4 Maximum Likelihood Estimator -- 7.5 Cramer-Rao Bound in the Scalar Case -- 7.6 Exponential Family -- 7.7 Example Applications | |
-- 7.8 Cramer-Rao Bound in the Vectorial Case -- 7.9 Likelihood and the Exponential Family -- 7.10 Examples in the Exponential Family -- 7.11 Robustness of Estimators -- 7.12 Appendix: Scalar Cramer-Rao Bound -- 7.13 Appendix: | |
Efficient Statistics -- 7.14 Appendix: Vectorial Cramer-Rao Bound -- Exercises -- 8 Examples of Estimation in Physics -- 8.1 Measurement of Optical Flux -- 8.2 Measurement Accuracy in the Presence of Gaussian Noise -- 8.3 Estimating a | |
Detection Efficiency -- 8.4 Estimating the Covariance Matrix -- 8.5 Application to Coherency Matrices -- 8.6 Making Estimates in the Presence of Speckle -- 8.7 Fluctuation-Dissipation and Estimation -- Exercises -- 9 Solutions to | |
Exercises -- 9.1 Chapter Two. Random Variables -- 9.2 Chapter Three. Fluctuations and Covariance -- 9.3 Chapter Four. Limit Theorems and Fluctuations -- 9.4 Chapter Five. Information and Fluctuations -- 9.5 Chapter Six. Statistical | |
Physics -- 9.6 Chapter Seven. Statistical Estimation -- 9.7 Chapter Eight. Examples of Estimation in Physics -- References | |
ISBN: | 9780387225265 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Optics and Electrodynamics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2003-9783540265634:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Third Generation Photovoltaics Advanced Solar Energy Conversion |
Author(s): |
M. A Green |
Date: | 2003 |
Size: | 1 online resource (160 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/b137807 |
Contents: | Black-Bodies, White Suns -- Energy, Entropy and Efficiency -- Single Junction Cells -- Tandem Cells -- Hot Carrier Cells -- Multiple Electron-Hole Pairs per Photon -- Impurity Photovoltaic and Multiband Cells -- Thermophotovoltac and |
Thermophotonic Conversion -- Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9783540265634 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer series in photonics: 12 |
Keywords: | Physics , Condensed matter , Lasers , Photonics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Optical and Electronic Materials , Engineering, general , Condensed Matter Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2002-9783540452737:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nano-Optics |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2002 |
Size: | 1 online resource (324 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-540-45273-7 |
Contents: | 1 Quantum Theory for Near-Field Nano-Optics -- 1.1 Resonant Near-Field Optics -- 1.2 Quantization of Evanescent Waves and Optical Near-Rield Interaction of Atoms -- 1.3 Quantum Mechanical Aspects of Optical Near-Field Problems -- 2 |
Electromagnetism Theory and Analysis for Near-Field Nano-Optics -- 2.1 Finite-Difference Time-Domain Analysis of a Near-Field Microscope System -- 2.2 Reconstruction of an Optical Image from NSOM Data -- 2.3 Radiation Force Exerted | |
near a Nano-Aperture -- References -- 3 High-Resolution and High-Throughput Probes -- 3.1 Excitation of a HE-Plasmon Mode -- 3.2 Multiple-Tapered Probes -- References -- 4 Apertureless Near-Field Probes -- 4.1 Local Plasmon in a | |
Metallic Nanoparticle -- 4.2 Laser-Trapping of a Metallic Particle for a Near-Field Microscope Probe -- 4.3 Near-Field Enhancement at a Metallic Probe -- 4.4 Scattering Near-Field Optical Microscope with a Microcavity -- References -- | |
5 Integrated and Functional Probes -- 5.1 Micromachined Probes -- 5.2 Light Detection from Force -- 5.3 High Efficiency Light Transmission Through a Nano-Waveguide -- References -- 6 High-Density Optical Memory and Ultrafine | |
Photofabrication -- 6.1 Photochromic Memory Media -- 6.2 Near-Field Optical Memory -- 6.3 Future Prospects for Near-Field Optical Memory -- 6.4 Nanofabrication: Chemical Vapor Deposition -- 6.5 Nanofabrication: Organic Film -- | |
References -- 7 Near-Field Imaging of Molecules and Thin Films -- 7.1 Near-Field Imaging of Molecules and Thin Films -- 7.2 Two-Dimensional Morphology of Ultrathin Polymer Films -- 7.3 Observation of Polyethylene (PE) Crystals -- 7.4 | |
Preparation of Micrometer-Sized Chromophore Aggregates -- 7.5 Application to Electrochemical Research -- 7.6 Second-Harmonic Generation in Near-Field Optics -- References -- 8 Near-Field Microscopy for Biomolecular Systems -- 8.1 | |
Near-Field Imaging of Human Chromosomes and Single DNA Molecules -- 8.2 Imaging of Biological Molecules -- 8.3 Cell and Cellular Functions -- References -- 9 Near-Field Imaging of Quantum Devices and Photonic Structures -- 9.1 | |
Spectroscopy of Quantum Devices and Structures -- 9.2 Observation of Polysilane by Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscope in the Ultraviolet (UV) Region -- 9.3 Near-Field Photon Tunneling -- References -- 10 Other Imaging and | |
Applications -- 10.1 Birefringent Imaging with an Illumination-Mode Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscope -- 10.2 Plain-Type Low-Temperature NSOM System -- 10.3 STM-Induced Luminescence -- 10.4 Energy Modulation of Electrons with | |
Evanescent Waves -- 10.5 Manipulation of Particles by Photon Force -- References | |
ISBN: | 9783540452737 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 84 |
Keywords: | Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Nanotechnology , Materials science , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Nanotechnology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2002-9781461501152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Current Developments in Atomic, Molecular, and Chemical Physics with Applications |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2002 |
Size: | 1 online resource (291 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-0115-2 |
Contents: | I-Processes in Laser Fields -- 1. Generation of Photon Number States on Demand -- 2. Polarization-Dependent Spectra in the Photoassociative Ionisation of Cold Atoms in a Bright Sodium Beam -- 3. Dynamic Imaging of Molecular Motion |
with Ultrashort Intense Laser Pulses -- 4. Fractal Singularities and the Rate of Multiphoton Dissociation -- 5. Multiphoton Processes in Laser Field -- 6. Femtosecond Ionization of CH3-CN-NaI and CH3-CN-CsI -- 7. Study of | |
Intramolecular Dynamics of Highly Energised Small Molecules Using Laser Spectroscopic Techniques -- 8. Quantum Dynamics of Polyatomic Molecules -- 9. Study of Excited State Dynamics to Improve the Optical Limiting Performance of Tetra | |
Tolyl Porphyrins -- II- Chemical Physics -- 10. Nonadiabatic Transitions and Chemical Dynamics -- 11. Quantum Theory of Molecular Reactions and Photodissociation -- 12. Recent Applications of the Quantum Trajectory Method -- 13. Theory | |
and Control of Photo-Excited Polyatomic Reactions -- 14. Quantum-Dressed Classical Mechanics -- 15. Reactive Scattering Resonances in (He,H2+) Collisions -- 16. Quantum Molecular Dynamics on the Conically Intersecting Potential Energy | |
Surfaces: Nonadiabatic Effects and Ultrafast Relaxation -- 17. Van Der Waals Interaction Probed by Solvatochromic Shifts -- 18. Role of Electronic Structure of Ruthenium Polypyridyl Dyes in the Photoconversion Efficiency of Dye - | |
Sensitized Solar Cells: A Semi-Empirical Investigation -- III- Collision Processes -- 19. UV Spectroscopy by Electron Impact for Planetary Astronomy and Astrophysics -- 20. Electron Impact of Astrophysically Important Neutral Atoms -- | |
21. Ionization and Fragmentation of Fullerene Ions by Electron Impact -- 22. Electron Impact Ionisation Cross-Sections of the Transition Metals -- 23. Multiple Ionisation of Atoms -- 24. Longitudinal Spin Asymmetry in (e, 2e) Processes | |
on Atoms by Relativistic Electrons -- 25. Correlations in Some Two Electron Transition Processes -- 26. Electron Excitation of the D States of Atoms -- 27. Relativistic Dynamical Effects in Atomic Photoabsorption -- 28. Vibrational | |
Excitation of Polyatomic Molecules by Electron- and Positron-Collisions -- 29. Electron Attachment to Molecules of Practical Applications -- 30. Electron Impact Cross Sections with O Atoms 02 And 03 Molecules - A Theoretical Survey -- | |
31. Study of X-Ray and High Energy Electron Scattering Intensities of Molecules Using a Density Functional Theory -- 32. Electron-Positronium Scattering and Doubly Excited Autodetaching States of the Positronium Negative Ion -- IV - A | |
Tomic Structure and Applications -- 33. Recent Progress in Radiative Transition Probability Determination in Lanthanide Ions -- 34. Concentrations of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases, Aerosols and their Comparison with COSMIC -- 35. | |
Channeling Radiation in Strained Layer Super Lattices - A Quantum Mechanical Calculation -- 36. C III Emission Lines in Ionizing and Recombining Plasmas -- 37. X-Ray Emission from Laser Produced Plasmas -- 38. Atomic Spectroscopy of | |
Fusion Plasmas | |
ISBN: | 9781461501152 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2002-9780306470974:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Communication, Computing, and Measurement 2 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2002 |
Size: | 1 online resource (534 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/b114679 |
Contents: | Quantum Information and Quantum Communication -- Quantum Robots Plus Environments -- Just Two Nonorthogonal Quantum States -- On Maximum Mutual Information without Coding -- Aspects of Quantum Information Compression for Pure States |
-- Group Covariant Signals in Quantum Information Theory -- Optimization of a Symmetric Quantum Channel and its Optical Realization Scheme -- Manipulation of Entangled States for Quantum Information Processing -- Decoherence Control in | |
Quantum Information Processing: Simple Models -- Entanglement of Formation -- Sending Quantum Information with Gaussian States -- Quantum Communication with Imperfect Means -- On Quantum Channel Capacity for Squeezed States -- | |
Asymptotic Quantum Estimation Theory for the Thermal States Family -- The Asymptotic Efficiency of the Consistent Estimator, Berry-Uhlmann’s Curvature, and Quantum Information Geometry -- Optimal Signal-to-Quantum Noise Ratio in | |
Squeezed Displaced Number States -- Quantum Measurement and Tomography -- Dual Classical and Quantum Descriptions of a Measuring Apparatus -- Generalised Measurements, Retrodiction and State Manipulation -- Latest Developments in | |
Quantum Tomography -- Measuring the Quantum Polarization State of Light -- Measurement of Joint Photon-Number Distribution of a Twin-Beam State by Means of Optical Homodyne Tomography -- Homodyning Bell’s Inequality -- Hydrodynamical | |
Quantum State Reconstruction -- Quantum Tomography: Renormalization of Incompatible Observations -- Accuracy in Quantum Homodyne Tomography -- Probing Quantum States of Rydberg Electrons by Half-Cycle Pulses -- Non-Markovian Quantum | |
Trajectories for Open Systems -- Maximally Robust Unravelings of Quantum Master Equations with Applications to the Atom Laser -- Quantum Noise and Dynamic Chaos in Opto-Electronic Laser Light Transformer -- Quantized Phase-Difference | |
-- Relativistic Quantum Theory with a Physical State Vector and Hypothetical Laws of Reduction -- Quantum Computing -- Teleportation of General Quantum States, Squeezing and the Decoherence Problem in Quantum Computers -- Quantum | |
Turing Machines: Local Transition, Preparation, Measurement, and Halting -- A New Approach to Quantum Computation -- Hypersensitivity to Perturbation on an NMR Quantum Computer -- Quantum Networks for Distributed Quantum Information | |
Processing -- Quantum Phenomena of Trapped Ions -- Progress Towards Using a Calcium Ion Trap to Perform Quantum Logic Operations -- Quantum Computation with “Hot” Trapped Ions -- Novel Quantum Effects in Light Scattering from Cold | |
Trapped Atoms -- Preparation of Highly Excited Motional Energy Eigenstates with a Trapped Atom -- Optical Implementation of Grover’s Algorithm: It’s all Done with Mirrors -- Quantum State Protection in Optical Cavities -- Control of | |
Dynamical Localization by Additional Quantum Degrees -- Two-Photon Interactions for Use in Quantum Computing -- Decoherence and Quantum Error Correction in Frequency Standards -- Transition Phenomena in Networks of Quantum Systems -- | |
Experimental Demonstration of Coherent Quantum Feedback -- Classical Behavior of a Macroscopic Schrödinger Cat -- Quantum Teleportation and Cryptography -- Free-Space Quantum Cryptography -- Parametric Schroedinger Cat with No | |
Decoherence -- Quantum Cryptography Via Parametric Downconversion -- Dim Coherent States as Signal States in the Bb84 Protocol: Is it Secure? -- Practical Aspects of Quantum Cryptography -- Quantum Versus Classical Noise Cryptography | |
-- Quantum Cryptography with Femtosecond Parametric Down Conversion -- Generation of Narrow-B and Two-Photon State with Doubly Resonant Cavity in Parametric Down-Conversion -- Quantum State Engineering -- From Entangled Photons to | |
Entangled Atoms -- Single Photon Quantum Control Via High-?(3) Media -- Experimental Realization of Popper’s Experiment: Violation of Uncertainty Principle? -- Soliton Photon Number Squeezing: An Overview -- Amplitude Soliton Squeezing | |
Using an Asymmetric Sagnac Fiber Loop -- Time Domain Correlations and Gated Detection of Quantum Solitons -- Observation of Squeezing in Free-Space Phase-Dependent Resonance Fluorescence -- Observation of Noiseless Image Amplification | |
by an Optical Parametric Amplifier -- Traveling-Wave Noiseless Amplification of Optical Images -- Quantum Noise Reduction in Singly Resonant Optical Devices -- Influence of Dissipation Effects on Polarization-Squeezed Light Formation | |
at Frequency Doubling -- Degenerate Optical Parametric Amplification with Focused Gaussian Beams -- Eigen State Transmission of Birefringent Optical Fibers Using Entangled Two Photons -- Four-Photon Partition at Beamsplitter in | |
Parametric Down-Conversion with Pulsed Pumping -- Energy Transfer in Parametric Down-Conversion -- A Realistic Interaction-Free Resonator | |
ISBN: | 9780306470974 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Data structures (Computer science) , Quantum physics , Electrical engineering , Physics , Quantum Physics , Electrical Engineering , Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2002-9780306470806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Ultrafast Dynamics of Quantum Systems Physical Processes and Spectroscopic Techniques |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2002 |
Size: | 1 online resource (725 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/b114670 |
Contents: | Linear and Nonlinear Propagation of Short Light Pulses -- Linear and Nonlinear Propagation of Short Light Pulses -- Time Resolved Molecular Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics -- Femtosecond Dynamics of Molecular Reactions at Metal |
Surfaces -- Some Selected Aspects of Light-Matter Interaction in Solids -- Femtosecond Pulse Generation: Principles and Fiber Applications -- Laser Sources for Ultrafast Spectroscopy -- Phonons, Electrons, and Electron-Phonon | |
Interaction: Semiconductors and High-Tc Superconductors -- Surface Phonons and their Role in Ultrafast Phenomena -- Dielectric Description of Semiconductors: From Maxwell— to Semiconductor Bloch—Equations -- Coherent Dynamics in | |
Semiconductors -- Quasiparticles and Quasimomentum -- On the Equivalence of Coupled Pendula and Quantum Mechanical Non-Crossing Rule -- Ultrafast Optical Spectroscopy and Optical Control -- Long Seminars -- Solitions in Optical Fibers | |
and Application to High Bit Rate Transmission -- Hot Luminescence and Fast Relaxation of Optical Centers in Solids -- Jahn-Teller Driven Movements of Excited Ions in Solids -- Recent Results in Multiphonon Non-Radiative Processes and | |
in Novel Materials for Lasers and Amplifiers -- NASA’s Dial and Lidar Laser Technology Development Program -- Applications of Ultrafast Spectroscopy to Solid State Laser Materials -- Ultrafast Electron-Lattice Relaxation of Optically | |
Excited Centers in Crystals -- Laser Crystal Emitting from Ultraviolet to Infrared and the Impact of Nonlinear Optics -- Non — Perturbative Up — Conversion Techniques: Ultrafast Meets X—Rays -- Nonlinear Interactions in Insulating | |
Laser Crystals Under Femto- and Picosecond Excitation -- Interdisciplinary Lecture -- Unification in Particle Physics: Symmetries and Hidden Dimensions -- Short Seminars -- Measurements with an Optically Gated Scanning Tunneling | |
Microscope -- Time Resolved Spectroscopy of Deep Emissions from Large Band Gap Semiconductors -- Chemical Dynamics of Uni- and Bimolecular Reactions Studied with Nonlinear Optical Techniques in the Femtosecond Time Domain -- Optical | |
Spectroscopy on Single Molecules in Solids -- Nanoscopic Interactions Probed by Single Molecule Spectroscopy -- Fluorescence Intensity and Anisotropy Decays Measurements in the Frequency Domain -- Non-Destructive Optical | |
Characterization of InxGa1-xAs Epitaxial Layer Composition, Thickness and Optical Quality -- Optical Homogeneous Linewidth in Amorphous Solids in the Framework of the Soft Potential Model -- Raman Shifted Laser Crystals with X(3) Non | |
Linearity: Tungstate and Molybdate Crystals Families -- Luminescence Quantum Efficiency in CDSSE Mixed Crystals -- Luminescence and Afterglow in CSI:TL -- Position Sensitive Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry of Molecules -- Probing | |
Exciton Distributions in Semiconductor Quantum Layers -- Light Induced Molecular Structure in H2+ -- Posters -- Time Resolved Spin Relaxation in III-V Semiconductor Quantum Wells -- Analysis of the 4FN Energy Level Structure of the | |
RE3+ Ions in RE Oxyhalides -- Temperature Dependence of Near Infrared to Visible Upconversion Luminescence of ER3+ in YSGG -- Quantum Confinement in Porous Silicon in the Effective-Mass Limit -- Ultrashort Laser Pulses Measurements by | |
Means of Self Diffraction in Polydispersed Liquid Crystals -- Optical Near-Field Measurements on a Single Gold Nanoparticle -- Single-Atom Conditional Manipulation of Confined Quantized Electromagnetic Field -- Iterative Nonideal | |
Conditional Generation of Nonclassical Cavity Field -- Multiple Branching of Vectorial Spatial Solitary Waves in Nonlinear Quadratic Media -- Relaxation Dynamics of Localized Excitons in ZnSe-ZnSSe Strained-Layer Superlattices -- | |
Identification of Several Energy Transfer Pathways in the Light-Harvesting Complex II of Green Plants Using Current Structural and Spectroscopic Information -- Transient and Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning in CuBr Semiconductor | |
Quantum Dots -- Multiphoton Excitation of GaN Using Picosecond Pulses -- 0.94 ?m Spectroscopy and Laser Development -- Spectral Lineshapes of Ammonia Transitions of the v2 Band Versus Pressure and Temperature -- Multiphoton Excited | |
Luminescence of Porous Silicon -- First Roundtable Discussion -- Second Roundtable Discussion -- Summary | |
ISBN: | 9780306470806 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO Science Series: B:, Advanced Science Institutes Series: 372 |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Optics and Electrodynamics , Quantum Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Optical and Electronic Materials |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1998-9789401150767:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Astrophysics and Space Science Volume 255, 1997/1998 An International Journal of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Science |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1998 |
Size: | 1 online resource (530 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-011-5076-7 |
Contents: | I: Young Stars -- Relation Between Stellar Evolution and Circumstellar Processes (Invited) -- Protostars and Protoplanetary Disks (Invited) -- ISO Observations of Isolated Herbig AE/BE Stars -- The Intermittently Embedded Herbig AE/BE |
Stars -- The ISO Spectrum of the Young Star HD 100546 -- Far-Infrared Photometry of Circumstellar Matter Around Intermediate Mass Stars -- The ISO Spectrum of the Cloud Core M17-North -- ISO-SWS Observations of Weak Bands of Trace | |
Components of Ices Towards the Young Stellar Object W 33A -- Absorption Features of Ices Toward NGC75381RS1 -- PDRS and Shocks in S106 IR and CEP A East -- Search for H2 Emission from Disks Around T Tauri and Herbig AE Stars -- | |
Evolution of Southern Star-Forming Regions -- Dust Disks Around Main Sequence Stars (Invited) -- Vega-Like Stars: Grain Removal Replenishment and Recent ISO Observations (Invited) -- Dust Around Solar Mass Stars -- Calibration of the | |
Debris Project Isophot Data -- Isophot Observations of VEGA and VEGA-Like Stars -- Isophot S Observations of 3 M Dwarfs -- II: Massive Stars -- Ionized Outflows of Hot Stars (Invited) -- Isophot Observations of Early-Type Stars -- HI | |
Infrared Line Formation in Early B-Type Stars -- Transonic Decretion Discs around BE Stars -- ISO’s View on Massive Star Evolution: Neon Abundances in Wolf-Rayet Stars (Invited) -- ISO SWS Spectroscopy of WR 146 (WC6+0) -- ISO | |
Observations of Wolf-Rayet Dust Shells -- Clues to the Evolution of Massive Stars from Their Far-Infrared Environments -- Dust in LBV Nebulae -- Infrared Properties of a Large Ring Around the LBV G79.29+0.46 -- ISOCAM Imaging of LBVS | |
-- V 439 CYG as a Late Phase of Stellar Evolution -- Infrared Observations of High-Mass X-Ray Binaries -- ISOCAM Observations of CYG X-3: Search for a Hot Stellar Wind -- First Results from ISO Spectra of Supernova Remnants Heavily | |
Interacting with the ISM (Invited) -- ISO Observations of Freshly Synthesized Supernova Material (Invited) -- ISO Observations of Classical Novae (Invited) -- ISOPHOT Observations of the RS CVN-Type Star HR 7428 -- III: Late Stages Of | |
Stellar Evolution -- Molecules in Stellar Atmospheres (Invited) -- SO-SWS Spectral Characterization of Stars -- Molecular Features in ISO-SWS Spectra of O-Rich Long-Period Variables -- Dust Formation and Mass Loss in Evolved Stars | |
(Invited) -- Theory of AGB Evolution (Invited) -- Dramatic Change in Sakurai’ s Object -- Model Atmospheres of AGB Stars: Dynamics, Molecules and Dust -- Synthetic Spectra for Carbon Stars from Dynamical Model Atmospheres -- Episodic | |
Mass Loss and Rapid Lithium Enrichment and Depletion in K Giants -- Molecules of Non-Photospheric Origin in Red Giants and Supergiants Revealed by the ISO SWS -- Infrared Emissions from Metals in Carbon Stars and M Giant -- Tentative | |
Detection of Circumstellar CO2 From the AGB Star R Crateris -- Molecules in AGB Stars Observed with ISO (Invited) -- ISO LWS Observations of Cool Evolved Stars and Post-AGB Objects (Invited) -- ISO LWS Observations of H2O from R Cas: A | |
Consistent Model for Its Circumstellar Envelope -- Excitation of Far-Infrared Lines of OH and Maser Pumping Efficiency in Circumstellar Envelopes -- ISO-SWS Observations of the Time Variability of Oxygen-Rich Mira Variables -- OSO-SWS | |
Spectra of OH/IR Stars -- Isophot Mapping Observations of Carbon Stars -- Isophot Mapping Observations of a Mira-Type AGB Star R Hya -- Spectroscopic Study of Carbon Stars with the ISO-SWS -- ISO-SWS Spectra of Carbon Stars: Molecular | |
Features and a Comparison with Models -- ISO Observations of Symbiotic Stars -- ISO Spectra of Symbiotic Stars -- Analysis of Infrared Spectra of Carbon Stars Observed by the ISO SWS -- ISO-SWS Observations of Stars with Unusual Iras | |
LRS Characteristics -- AGB Stars in the Magellanic Clouds (Invited) -- ISO Spectroscopy of AGB Stars in the Magellanic Clouds -- Evolution and Mass Loss of AGB Stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud -- AGB Stars and Supergiants in the Bar | |
of the LMC -- Obscured AGB Stars in the LMC -- The Red Supergiant IRAS04553-6825 in the LMC -- Extreme Infrared Stars Discovered in Magellanic Cloud Globular Clusters -- Circumstellar Silicate Mineralogy -- Infrared Observations of the | |
Transition from Chaotic to Crystalline Silicates via Thermal Annealing in the Laboratory -- Crystalline Dust Features: A Simple Model -- Formation of AL2O3 Grains and the 13µM Feature in Circumstellar Envelopes of Oxygen-Rich AGB Stars | |
-- Dust Emission From AGB Stars -- Dust and Atomic Gas in Post-AGB Envelopes (Invited) -- The 3.4 Microns Absorption Feature in CRL 618 -- Hydrodynamical Modelling of the Evolution of Dusty Outflows from AGB-Stars -- ISO’s View on AFGL | |
4106 -- ISO SWS Spectroscopy of Proto-Planetary Nebulae -- R. Coronae Borealis Stars, Dust, and Evolution -- Observations of the Dust Around Evolved Stars -- Mass Loss During Proto-Planetary Phase of Evolution -- Spectroscopy and | |
Spectral Energy Distribution of the Peculiar Supergiant IRAS 04296+3429 -- Refining the Fundamental Parameters of the 3 Post-AGB Stars: HR 4049, HD 52961 and HD 133656 Using Improved Model Atmospheres -- Planetary Nebulae (Invited) -- | |
Chemical Abundances of Planetary Nebulae: A UV to Far-IR Case Study of NGC 6153 -- AH’s and Crystalline Silicates in Planetary Nebulae -- Investigation of the Small-Scale Temperature and Density Fluctuations in Planetary Nebulae | |
Through the Use of the ISO Data -- ISO-SWS Observations of Planetary Nebulae with [WR] Central Stars -- Author Index -- Object Index -- List of Forthcoming Papers -- The Kluwer LaTeX Style File | |
ISBN: | 9789401150767 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1998-9783709175064:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Modern Developments and Applications in Microbeam Analysis |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1998 |
Size: | 1 online resource (392 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-7091-7506-4 |
Contents: | Recent Developments in Instrumentation for X-Ray Microanalysis -- High Resolution Non Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy with State of the Art Silicon Detectors -- Efficiency Calibration of a Si(Li) Detector by EPMA -- |
Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry -- X-Ray Spectrum Processing and Multivariate Analysis -- Thin Film Analysis and Chemical Mapping in the Analytical Electron Microscope -- On the Spatial Resolution in Analytical Electron | |
Microscopy -- Contamination in Analytical Electron Microscopy and in ALCHEMI -- Analytical Electron Microscopy of Diffusional Interfaces in an Al-22 at. % Zn Alloy -- Quantitative TEM-EDXS of Sol-Gel Derived PZT Ceramic Materials -- | |
Particulate Composites of TZP-Chromium Oxide and TZP-Chromium Carbide Microbeam Investigations -- Cryo-Electron Spectroscopic Imaging, Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Analysis of Ag(Br, I) Nano- and | |
Microcrystals -- Electron Energy-Loss Near-Edge Structure of Alumina Polymorphs -- SPM Study of YBCO Films Prepared by Plasma Assisted Laser Ablation -- Surface Characterisation and Modification of YBCO Thin Films by STM -- | |
Quantitative Near-Surface Microanalysis and Depth Profiling by EPMA -- EPMA Sputter Depth Profiling, Part I: Theory and Evaluation -- EPMA Sputter Depth Profiling, Part II: Experiment -- Quantitative Analysis of BN (C, O, Ar, | |
H)-Coatings Using EPMA and SIMS -- Quantitative EDS Analysis of SiO2/Al2O3/TiO2 Multilayer Films -- Surface Ionization of Thin Films on Substrates: Measurement and Simulation -- Comparison of Different Methods to Characterize Thin | |
a-Si:H Films -- EPMA Studies of the Growth of Thin Surface Coatings Produced by Evaporation -- Analysis of Thin Films with Slightly Rough Boundaries -- Effect of Chromium Substrate Pretreatment on Diamond Growth by the Chemical Vapour | |
Deposition Method -- EPMA Determination of Arsenic Excess in Low Temperature Grown GaAs -- EPMA of Melted UO2 Fuel Rods from the Phebus-FP Reactor Accident Experiment -- Steels, Carbon Concentration, and Microhardness -- Determination | |
of Chemical and Phase Composition of Fly-Ashes by Combined EPMA and XRD Methods -- EPMA of the Composition of Opal-Based Nanostructured Materials -- NDIC and EMP Study of Plagioclase Mineral Zoning: An Example from Nea Kameni Lavas -- | |
Compositional X-Ray Maps of Metamorphic and Magmatic Minerals -- Chemical Mapping of Weathering Stages in Laterites -- Electron Microprobe Determination of Minor and Trace Concentrations of Gold and Platinum Group Elements in Sulphides | |
and Sulpharsenides: Problems, Solutions, and Applications -- Composition of 15–17th Century Archaeological Glass Vessels Excavated in Antwerp, Belgium -- Potassium Migration in Silica Glass During Electron Beam Irradiation -- X-Ray | |
Microanalysis of Frozen-Hydrated Biological Bulk Samples -- Environmental SEM and X-Ray Microanalysis of Biological Materials -- Effects of Electron-Beam/Gas Interactions on X-Ray Microanalysis in the Variable Pressure SEM -- The | |
Analytical Signal in EPMA and the Influence of the Electric Field Created by the Primary Beam -- Standardless Analysis -- A New Technique for Standardless Analysis by EPMA-TWIX -- Stopping Power Factor for Standardless QEPMA -- On the | |
Measurement of the Backscattering Coefficient for Low Energy Electrons -- Monte Carlo Simulations of Edge Artefacts in MULSAM Images -- Assessment of the Inelastic Scattering Model in Monte-Carlo Simulations -- A Rapid Comparison of | |
Matrix Corrections in AES and XPS by Means of Computer Programs -- Fractals and BaTiO3-Ceramic Microstructure Analysis -- Fragmentation of Sputtered Cluster Ions of Transition Metals: Distributions of Lifetimes and Internal Energies -- | |
Sputtering of Tantalum by Atomic and Molecular Gold Ions: Comparative Study of Yields and Kinetic Energy Distributions of Atomic and Cluster Ions -- The Standards, Measurements and Testing Programme (SMT), the European Support to | |
Standardisation, Measurements and Testing Projects | |
ISBN: | 9783709175064 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Mikrochimica Acta Supplement: 15 |
Keywords: | Materials science , Analytical chemistry , Materials Science , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Analytical Chemistry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1998-9781447112792:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | CO2 Laser Cutting |
Author(s): |
John Powell |
Date: | 1998 |
Edition: | Second Edition |
Size: | 1 online resource (248 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4471-1279-2 |
Contents: | 1. The Basic Principles -- 1.1 The Cutting Process -- 1.2 How Materials Respond to Laser Light -- 1.3 How CO2 Lasers Work -- 1.4 Laser Modes -- 2. Laser Cutting Steels -- 2.1 Mild steels -- 2.2 Alloy Steels -- 3. Cutting Non-ferrous |
Metals -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Titanium Alloys -- 3.3 Aluminium Alloys -- 3.4 Nickel Alloys -- 3.5 Copper Alloys -- 3.6 General Comments -- 4. Cutting Non-metals -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Polymers -- 4.3 Wood Based Products -- 4.4 | |
Ceramics and Glasses -- 4.5 Composites and Miscellaneous Materials -- 5. Setting Up for Cutting -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Beam Alignment -- 5.3 Finding the Focus Position -- 5.4 Nozzles and Nozzle Alignment -- 5.5 Jigging -- 5.6 | |
Tuning the Laser -- 6. Troubleshooting -- 6.1 Introduction and Checklist -- 6.2 Notes on Checklist -- 7. Safety Guidelines -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Beam Exposure -- 7.3 Fumes -- 7.4 Electrocution -- 7.5 Fires -- 8. Alternative | |
Cutting Methods -- 8.1 Nd:YAG Laser Cutting -- 8.2 Plasma Arc Cutting -- 8.3 Abrasive Water Jet Cutting -- 8.4 Oxygen—Flame Cutting -- 8.5 A Summary of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Each Process Compared with CO2 Laser Cutting -- 9. | |
The Physics and Design of CO2 Lasers -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 The Physics of CO2 Lasers -- 9.3 Aspects of the Design of CO2 Lasers -- 10. Some Aspects of the Physics and Chemistry of Laser Cutting -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 The | |
Energy Balance in the Cut Zone and Its Relationship to the Efficiency of the Process -- 10.3 The Role of Oxidation when Cutting Steels -- 10.4 Conductive Losses Experienced when Cutting Steels -- 10.5 Notes on Reflected, Transmitted, | |
Radiated and Convective Losses from the Cut Zone -- 10.6 Notes on the Focusing Characteristics of CO2 Lasers -- 11. Bibliography and Further Reading -- 11.1 Conference Proceedings and Journals -- 11.2 Books -- 11.3 Specific Papers -- | |
11.4 Miscellaneous References -- 11.5 Further reading update for the second edition of this book | |
ISBN: | 9781447112792 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Mechanical engineering , Manufacturing industries , Machines , Tools , Industrial engineering , Metals , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Metallic Materials , Manufacturing, Machines, Tools , Mechanical Engineering , Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1997-9789401151658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Selected Topics in Mass Spectrometry in the Biomolecular Sciences |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1997 |
Size: | 1 online resource (586 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-011-5165-8 |
Contents: | I: Methods in Mass Spectrometry -- Electrospray Ionization: Theory and Application -- Atmospheric Pressure Ionization (ESI and APCI) Theory and Application -- Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorpition-Ionization (MALDI) Mass Spectrometry: |
Principles and Applications -- High Sensitivity ESI/MS and MALDI MS -- Optimised GC/MS Interfacing Systems and Operating Conditions -- Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry: Some Important Considerations -- Optimization of Mass | |
Spectrometric Ionisation Efficiency Data -- Role of Internal Energy in Mass Spectrometric Fragmentation -- Interaction of Metal Ions and Protons with Simple Biomolecules. Structure Information from Bond Energies and Entropy Effects -- | |
A Promising Marriage Between Theory and Experiment: Density Functional Method Versus Mass Spectrometry -- II: Instrumentation for Mass Analysis and Detection -- Recent Advances in Magnet Sector Mass Spectrometry -- Quadrupole Mass | |
Filters and Quadrupole Ion Traps -- Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry -- Combined Analyzer Technologies -- Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry -- III: Application to Biomolecules -- Protein Characterization by MS in Pharmaceutical | |
Industry. Structural Characterization of Modified Forms of Recombinant Hirudin Sequence Variant 1 and Direct Batch Analysis -- Folding Pathways of Disulphide Containing Proteins -- Integration of Chemical Modification Reactions and | |
Mass Spectrometric Methods in Protein Characterisation -- PSD-MALDI Analysis of Peptides -- Development of a Mass Spectrometric Approach for the Characterisation of Hemoglobin Adducts -- Reactivity of Antineoplastic Drugs with Model | |
Peptides Studied by Advanced Mass Spectrometry Methodologies -- Applications of Mass Spectrometry in Biochemical Studies of Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids -- MALDI Mass Analysis of Oligonucleotides -- DNA Adducts in Human | |
Carcinogenesis. Clues to Etiology and Mechanism -- MALDI MS of Oligo and Polysaccharides -- Mass Spectrometry of Isoeicosanoids as Novel Lipid Substances -- The Role of Mass Spectrometry in the Characterization of Plant Metabolites | |
from Crude Extracts -- Environmental Applications of Mass Spectrometry: Toxaphene Analysis -- The Determination of Polar Compounds in the Aquatic Environment -- Some Mass Spectrometry Contributions in the Study of Cultural Heritage | |
ISBN: | 9789401151658 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 504 |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Mass spectrometry , Biochemistry , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Analytical Chemistry , Biochemistry, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1997-9781461558354:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Spectroscopy and Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Solids |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1997 |
Size: | 1 online resource (671 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-5835-4 |
Contents: | Nonlinear Optics and Collective Excitations -- Fundamentals of Spectroscopy of Collective Excitations in Solids -- Light-Matter Interaction – Experimental Aspects -- Theoretical Description of Collective Excitations: Bloch Equations |
and Relaxation Mechanisms -- Linear and Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy: Spectral, Temporal and Spatial Resolution -- The Study of Collective Excitations in Solids by Inelastic Neutron Scattering -- Excitation Dynamics in Organic | |
Molecules, Solids, Fullerenes and Polymers -- The IR Vibrational Properties of Composite Solids and Particles: The Lyddane-Sachs-Teller Relation Revisited -- Intrinsic Localized Modes in Anharmonic Lattices -- Collective Excitations in | |
Magnetic Materials -- Plasmons and Surface Plasmons in Bulk Metals, Metallic Clusters, and Metallic Heterostructures -- Enlightenment on Luminescent Materials -- Techniques of Ultrafast Spectroscopy -- Interaction of Ultrashort Laser | |
Pulses with Solids -- Collective Excitations in the Optical Spectroscopy of Magnetic Insulators -- Long Seminars -- Spectroscopy and Development of Solid State Lasers at Nasa -- New Developments of Laser Crystals -- Optical Excitation | |
and Relaxation of Solids with Defects -- Newly Developed Solid State Lasers -- Energy Transfer and Migration of Excitation in Solids and Confined Structures -- Broad Band Centers Applied for Laser Materials: Example of Tetrahedrally | |
Coordinated Centers -- Interdisciplinary Lectures -- Cosmology: The Universe in Evolution -- Unification of the Fundamental Interactions: Problems and Perspectives -- Short Seminars -- Determination of Two Dimensional Electron Gas | |
Population Enhancement within Illuminated Semiconductor Heterostructures by Persistent Photoconductivity -- Excitons in J-Aggregates: Beyond the Heitler-London Approximation -- Photochemistry of Vibrationally Excited HCl in Rare Gas | |
Matrices -- Nonlinear Wake in the Random-Phase Approximation -- Scanning Tunneling Optical Spectroscopy on Nanostructures -- Dynamics of Luminescence and Bleaching of Localized States in CdS1-xSex -- Intermolecular Interactions in | |
Supramolecular Systems Based on Chlorophyll-Related Compounds -- High-Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Gaseous Samples -- Collisional Effects on the Lineshape of Ammonia Transitions -- Numerical and Analytical Calculations of the | |
Superheating Field for a Superconducting Half-Space -- MBE Cleaved Edge Overgrowth of Quantum Wires -- Excitons in C60 Studied by Temperature Dependent Optical Second-Harmonic Generation -- The Simulation of Energy-Level Schemes of | |
Selected Rare Earth Oxyfluorides -- Plasma Modes in Layered Metallic Systems -- Relaxations and Losses in a Photoacoustic Resonator -- Formation of Large Bipolarons -- Near-Infrared to Visible Upconversion in Cs2NaYX6: 10% Er3+ (X=C1, | |
Br) -- Structural Aspects of Energy Transfer in Cubic Crystals -- 300 V Cathodoluminescent Efficiency and Degradation -- Application of Spectral Hole-Burning in Combination with Holographic Recording Techniques -- Lanthanides Probes | |
Spectroscopy at Araraquara — Brazil -- FROG- A Method for Ultrashort Pulse Measurement -- Absorption Edge Singularities for a Nonequilibrium Fermi Sea -- The Femtosecond Fifth-Order Nonlinear Response of Nuclear Motion in Liquids -- | |
Laser Processes and Optical Nonlinearities in ZnSe-based Heterostructures -- Optical Properties of Er3+ Doped Disordered Melilite Laser Material -- Rate Equation Modeling of Tm ? Ho Energy Transfer in LiYF4 -- Spectroscopy of Excited | |
States in CdSe Quantum Dots -- Two-photon Spectroscopy of ZnSe under Uniaxial Stress -- Posters -- Nonlinear Quantum Hydrodynamic Model for the Electron Gas -- Optical Properties of InGaAs/GaAs Quantum Well Heterostructures: Excitation | |
Energy Dependence -- LIBS Technique for Environmental Measurements -- Yb3+-Doped Nonlinear LiNbO3: Elaboration by Laser Heated Pedestal Growth and Optical Properties -- Investigation of Striae Patterns in Laser Crystals -- Spin Quantum | |
Beats in GaAs -- Real-time Spectroscopy of Cage Relaxation Process Applied to NO Embedded in Rare Gas Crystal -- Application of the Shell Model for Cross Relaxation to the 4G5/2 State of Sm3+ in Cs2NaSmxGd1-xCl6 -- A New Quantum Effect | |
in the Dynamics of a Two-mode Field Coupled to a Two-level Atom by Two-photon Processes -- UV Emission in Natural Diamonds -- Influence of the Cross-Relaxation on ESA-Process in Tm3+ Doped Fluorophosphate Glass -- A Physical | |
Characterization of the Ground State of the Spin-Boson Interaction -- Nanoscale Carbon Nanotubes Studied by Raman Spectroscopy -- Optical Studies on GaN Samples -- Ultra High Spectral Density Flat Continuum Light Source for Dynamic | |
Spectroscopy -- Luminescence of ZnSe Films -- Summary of the School -- Picture of the Participants -- Participants | |
ISBN: | 9781461558354 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 356 |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1995-9789401585637:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Advanced Technology for Design and Fabrication of Composite Materials and Structures Applications to the Automotive, Marine, Aerospace and Construction Industry |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1995 |
Size: | 1 online resource (438 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-015-8563-7 |
Contents: | Session I: Curing, Bonding and Modelling -- Towards decision making in knowledge-based systems for composite cure -- Adhesive bonding in construction technology -- Nonlinear fracture mechanics models for fibre reinforced materials -- |
Session II: Composite Fabrication Technology -- Modelling three-dimensional composites -- Design-fabrication-performance relationship of advanced textile structural composites -- Modelling of filament winding technology -- Session III: | |
Structural Behavior of Composites -- Material anisotropy and work strain characterized by stationary values of strain energy density function -- Constitutive laws for fibre reinforced ceramics -- On the fiber-governed bimodular | |
constitutive models -- Genetic algorithms for the design of composite panels -- Session IV: Composite Beams and Plates -- On computational strategies for composite laminates -- Some aspects in the structural modelling of composite | |
laminates -- Transverse cracking in laminated composites -- Some global aspects of fibre reinforcement efficiency in concrete -- Failure behavior and structural design of concrete members reinforced with continuous fiber reinforcing | |
materials -- Session V: Interfaces and Fracture -- Interface structure analysis and fracture behaviour of inorganic composites -- Advanced fibre composites with engineered interfaces -- Interface property tailoring for pseudo | |
strain-hardening cementitious composites -- Session VI: Damage and Fracture -- Experimental determination of the fractal dimension of disordered fracture surfaces -- Damage characterization, damage growth validation and repair | |
consideration of advanced aircraft composite structures -- Near tip measurement of environmental effects on opening and growth of cracks in particulate composites -- Fracture mechanics parameters influencing the mechanical properties | |
of concrete composites -- Session VII: Thermoplastic Composites -- Fundamental aspects in manufacturing of thermoplastic composite materials -- Economic manufacturing techniques for continuous fibrereinforced thermoplastics in aircraft | |
and automotive applications -- Forming techniques of advanced thermoplastic composite materials -- Session VIII: Joint, Airframe and Engine -- Bolted joint strength of graphite/epoxy laminates subjected to biaxial loading conditions -- | |
A parametric study of structural adhesive joints for aerospace applications -- Impact damage and residual strength of forward fuselage composite panel -- Application of metal matrix composites for supersonic aeroplane engines | |
ISBN: | 9789401585637 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Engineering Applications of Fracture Mechanics : 14 |
Keywords: | Engineering , Automotive engineering , Civil engineering , Materials science , Engineering , Automotive Engineering , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Civil Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1994-9783642579202:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments A How-to Approach |
Author(s): |
William R Leo |
Date: | 1994 |
Edition: | Second Revised Edition |
Size: | 1 online resource (382 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-57920-2 |
Contents: | 1. Basic Nuclear Processes in Radioactive Sources -- 1.1 Nuclear Level Diagrams -- 1.2 Alpha Decay -- 1.3 Beta Decay -- 1.4 Electron Capture (EC) -- 1.5 Gamma Emission -- 1.5.1 Isomeric States -- 1.6 Annihilation Radiation -- 1.7 |
Internal Conversion -- 1.8 Auger Electrons -- 1.9 Neutron Sources -- 1.9.1 Spontaneous Fission -- 1.9.2 Nuclear Reactions -- 1.10 Source Activity Units -- 1.11 The Radioactive Decay Law -- 1.11.1 Fluctuations in Radioactive Decay -- | |
1.11.2 Radioactive Decay Chains -- 1.11.3 Radioisotope Production by Irradiation -- 2. Passage of Radiation Through Matter -- 2.1 Preliminary Notions and Definitions -- 2.1.1 The Cross Section -- 2.1.2 Interaction Probability in a | |
Distance x. Mean Free Path -- 2.1.3 Surface Density Units -- 2.2 Energy Loss of Heavy Charged Particles by Atomic Collisions -- 2.2.1 Bohr’s Calculation — The Classical Case -- 2.2.2 The Bethe-Bloch Formula -- 2.2.3 Energy Dependence | |
-- 2.2.4 Scaling Laws for dE/dx -- 2.2.5 Mass Stopping Power -- 2.2.6 dE/dx for Mixtures and Compounds -- 2.2.7 Limitations of the Bethe-Bloch Formula and Other Effects -- 2.2.8 Channeling -- 2.2.9 Range -- 2.3 Cherenkov Radiation -- | |
2.4 Energy Loss of Electrons and Positrons -- 2.4.1 Collision Loss -- 2.4.2 Energy Loss by Radiation: Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.3 Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.4 Critical Energy -- 2.4.5 Radiation Length -- 2.4.6 Range of | |
Electrons -- 2.4.7 The Absorption of ? Electrons -- 2.5 Multiple Coulomb Scattering -- 2.5.1 Multiple Scattering in the Gaussian Approximation -- 2.5.2 Backscattering of Low-Energy Electrons -- 2.6 Energy Straggling: The Energy Loss | |
Distribution -- 2.6.1 Thick Absorbers: The Gaussian Limit -- 2.6.2 Very Thick Absorbers -- 2.6.3 Thin Absorbers: The Landau and Vavilov Theories -- 2.7 The Interaction of Photons -- 2.7.1 Photoelectric Effect -- 2.7.2 Compton | |
Scattering -- 2.7.3 Pair Production -- 2.7.4 Electron-Photon Showers -- 2.7.5 The Total Absorption Coefficient and Photon Attenuation -- 2.8 The Interaction of Neutrons -- 2.8.1 Slowing Down of Neutrons. Moderation -- 3. Radiation | |
Protection. Biological Effects of Radiation -- 3.1 Dosimetric Units -- 3.1.1 The Roentgen -- 3.1.2 Absorbed Dose -- 3.1.3 Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) -- 3.1.4 Equivalent Dose -- 3.1.5 Effective Dose -- 3.2 Typical Doses | |
from Sources in the Environment -- 3.3 Biological Effects -- 3.3.1 High Doses Received in a Short Time -- 3.3.2 Low-Level Doses -- 3.4 Dose Limits -- 3.5 Shielding -- 3.6 Radiation Safety in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory -- 4. | |
Statistics and the Treatment of Experimental Data -- 4.1 Characteristics of Probability Distributions -- 4.1.1 Cumulative Distributions -- 4.1.2 Expectation Values -- 4.1.3 Distribution Moments. The Mean and Variance -- 4.1.4 The | |
Covariance -- 4.2 Some Common Probability Distributions -- 4.2.1 The Binomial Distribution -- 4.2.2 The Poisson Distribution -- 4.2.3 The Gaussian or Normal Distribution -- 4.2.4 The Chi-Square Distribution -- 4.3 Measurement Errors | |
and the Measurement Process -- 4.3.1 Systematic Errors -- 4.3.2 Random Errors -- 4.4 Sampling and Parameter Estimation. The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.1 Sample Moments -- 4.4.2 The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.3 Estimator for | |
the Poisson Distribution -- 4.4.4 Estimators for the Gaussian Distribution -- 4.4.5 The Weighted Mean -- 4.5 Examples of Applications -- 4.5.1 Mean and Error from a Series of Measurements -- 4.5.2 Combining Data with Different Errors | |
-- 4.5.3 Determination of Count Rates and Their Errors -- 4.5.4 Null Experiments. Setting Confidence Limits When No Counts Are Observed -- 4.5.5 Distribution of Time Intervals Between Counts -- 4.6 Propagation of Errors -- 4.6.1 | |
Examples -- 4.7 Curve Fitting -- 4.7.1 The Least Squares Method -- 4.7.2 Linear Fits. The Straight Line -- 4.7.3 Linear Fits When Both Variables Have Errors -- 4.7.4 Nonlinear Fits -- 4.8 Some General Rules for Rounding-off Numbers for | |
Final Presentation -- 5. General Characteristics of Detectors -- 5.1 Sensitivity -- 5.2 Detector Response -- 5.3 Energy Resolution. The Fano Factor -- 5.4 The Response Function -- 5.5 Response Time -- 5.6 Detector Efficiency -- 5.7 | |
Dead Time -- 5.7.1 Measuring Dead Time -- 6. Ionization Detectors -- 6.1 Gaseous Ionization Detectors -- 6.2 Ionization and Transport Phenomena in Gases -- 6.2.1 Ionization Mechanisms -- 6.2.2 Mean Number of Electron-Ion Pairs Created | |
-- 6.2.3 Recombination and Electron Attachment -- 6.3 Transport of Electrons and Ions in Gases -- 6.3.1 Diffusion -- 6.3.2 Drift and Mobility -- 6.4 Avalanche Multiplication -- 6.5 The Cylindrical Proportional Counter -- 6.5.1 Pulse | |
Formation and Shape -- 6.5.2 Choice of Fill Gas -- 6.6 The Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC) -- 6.6.1 Basic Operating Principle -- 6.6.2 Construction -- 6.6.3 Chamber Gas -- 6.6.4 Timing Resolution -- 6.6.5 Readout Methods -- 6.6.6 | |
Track Clusters -- 6.6.7 MWPC Efficiency -- 6.7 The Drift Chamber -- 6.7.1 Drift Gases -- 6.7.2 Spatial Resolution -- 6.7.3 Operation in Magnetic Fields -- 6.8 The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) -- 6.9 Liquid Ionization Detectors (LID) | |
-- 7. Scintillation Detectors -- 7.1 General Characteristics -- 7.2 Organic Scintillators -- 7.2.1 Organic Crystals -- 7.2.2 Organic Liquids -- 7.2.3 Plastics -- 7.3 Inorganic Crystals -- 7.4 Gaseous Scintillators -- 7.5 Glasses -- 7.6 | |
Light Output Response -- 7.6.1 Linearity -- 7.6.2 Temperature Dependence -- 7.6.3 Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) -- 7.7 Intrinsic Detection Efficiency for Various Radiations -- 7.7.1 Heavy Ions -- 7.7.2 Electrons -- 7.7.3 Gamma Rays | |
-- 7.7.4 Neutrons -- 8. Photomultipliers -- 8.1 Basic Construction and Operation -- 8.2 The Photocathode -- 8.3 The Electron-Optical Input System -- 8.4 The Electron-Multiplier Section -- 8.4.1 Dynode Configurations -- 8.4.2 Multiplier | |
Response: The Single-Electron Spectrum -- 8.5 Operating Parameters -- 8.5.1 Gain and Voltage Supply -- 8.5.2 Voltage Dividers -- 8.5.3 Electrode Current. Linearity -- 8.5.4 Pulse Shape -- 8.6 Time Response and Resolution -- 8.7 Noise | |
-- 8.7.1 Dark Current and Afterpulsing -- 8.7.2 Statistical Noise -- 8.8 Environmental Factors -- 8.8.1 Exposure to Ambient Light -- 8.8.2 Magnetic Fields -- 8.8.3 Temperature Effects -- 8.9 Gain Stability, Count Rate Shift -- 9. | |
Scintillation Detector Mounting and Operation -- 9.1 Light Collection -- 9.1.1 Reflection -- 9.2 Coupling to the PM -- 9.3 Multiple Photomultipliers -- 9.4 Light Guides -- 9.5 Fluorescent Radiation Converters -- 9.6 Mounting a | |
Scintillation Detector: An Example -- 9.7 Scintillation Counter Operation -- 9.7.1 Testing the Counter -- 9.7.2 Adjusting the PM Voltage -- 9.7.3 The Scintillation Counter Plateau -- 9.7.4 Maintaining PM Gain -- 10. Semiconductor | |
Detectors -- 10.1 Basic Semiconductor Properties -- 10.1.1 Energy Band Structure -- 10.1.2 Charge Carriers in Semiconductors -- 10.1.3 Intrinsic Charge Carrier Concentration -- 10.1.4 Mobility -- 10.1.5 Recombination and Trapping -- | |
10.2 Doped Semiconductors -- 10.2.1 Compensation -- 10.3 The np Semiconductor Junction. Depletion Depth -- 10.3.1 The Depletion Depth -- 10.3.2 Junction Capacitance -- 10.3.3 Reversed Bias Junctions -- 10.4 Detector Characteristics of | |
Semiconductors -- 10.4.1 Average Energy per Electron-Hole Pair -- 10.4.2 Linearity -- 10.4.3 The Fano Factor and Intrinsic Energy Resolution -- 10.4.4 Leakage Current -- 10.4.5 Sensitivity and Intrinsic Efficiency -- 10.4.6 Pulse | |
Shape. Rise Time -- 10.5 Silicon Diode Detectors -- 10.5.1 Diffused Junction Diodes -- 10.5.2 Surface Barrier Detectors (SSB) -- 10.5.3 Ion-Implanted Diodes -- 10.5.4 Lithium-Drifted Silicon Diodes — Si(Li) -- 10.6 Position-Sensitive | |
Detectors -- 10.6.1 Continuous and Discrete Detectors -- 10.6.2 Micro-Strip Detectors -- 10.6.3 Novel Position-Sensing Detectors -- 10.7 Germanium Detectors -- 10.7.1 Lithium-Drifted Germanium — Ge(Li) -- 10.7.2 Intrinsic Germanium -- | |
10.7.3 Gamma Spectroscopy with Germanium Detectors -- 10.8 Other Semiconductor Materials -- 10.9 Operation of Semiconductor Detectors -- 10.9.1 Bias Voltage -- 10.9.2 Signal Amplification -- 10.9.3 Temperature Effects -- 10.9.4 | |
Radiation Damage -- 10.9.5 Plasma Effects -- 11. Pulse Signals in Nuclear Electronics -- 11.1 Pulse Signal Terminology -- 11.2 Analog and Digital Signals -- 11.3 Fast and Slow Signals -- 11.4 The Frequency Domain. Bandwidth -- 12. The | |
NIM Standard -- 12.1 Modules -- 12.2 Power Bins -- 12.3 NIM Logic Signals -- 12.4 TTL and ECL Logic Signals -- 12.5 Analog Signals -- 13. Signal Transmission -- 13.1 Coaxial Cables -- 13.1.1 Line Constituents -- 13.2 The General Wave | |
Equation for a Coaxial Line -- 13.3 The Ideal Lossless Cable -- 13.3.1 Characteristic Impedance -- 13.4 Reflections -- 13.5 Cable Termination. Impedance Matching -- 13.6 Losses in Coaxial Cables. Pulse Distortion -- 13.6.1 Cable | |
Response. Pulse Distortion -- 14. Electronics for Pulse Signal Processing -- 14.1 Preamplifiers -- 14.1.1 Resistive vs Optical Feedback -- 14.2 Main Amplifiers -- 14.3 Pulse Shaping Networks in Amplifiers -- 14.3.1 CR-RC Pulse Shaping | |
-- 14.3.2 Pole-Zero Cancellation and Baseline Restoration -- 14.3.3 Double Differentiation or CR-RC-CR Shaping -- 14.3.4 Semi-Gaussian Shaping -- 14.3.5 Delay Line Shaping -- 14.4 Biased Amplifiers -- 14.5 Pulse Stretchers -- 14.6 | |
Linear Transmission Gate -- 14.7 Fan-out and Fan-in -- 14.8 Delay Lines -- 14.9 Discriminators -- 14.9.1 Shapers -- 14.10 Single-Channel Analyzer (Differential Discriminator) -- 14.11 Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC or A/D) -- | |
14.11.1 ADC Linearity -- 14.12 Multichannel Analyzers -- 14.13 Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC or D/A) -- 14.14 Time to Amplitude Converters (TAC or TPHC) -- 14.15 Scalers -- 14.16 Ratemeter -- 14.17 Coincidence Units -- 14.18 | |
Majority Logic Units -- 14.19 Flip-Flops -- 14.20 Registers (Latches) -- 14.21 Gate and Delay Generators -- 14.22 Some Simple and Handy Circuits for Pulse Manipulation -- 14.22.1 Attenuators -- 14.22.2 Pulse Splitting -- 14.22.3 | |
ISBN: | 9783642579202 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Nuclear physics , Engineering , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Engineering, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1994-9781447120711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Combustion and Pollution Control in Heating Systems |
Author(s): |
Victor Ian Hanby |
Date: | 1994 |
Size: | 1 online resource (144 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4471-2071-1 |
Contents: | 1 The Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Combustion Process -- 1.3 The Complete Combustion Reaction -- 1.4 Quantification of the Combustion Reaction -- 2 Stoichiometric Calculations -- 2.1 Applications of |
the Combustion Equation -- 2.2 Combustion Air Requirements — Gaseous Fuels -- 2.3 Flue Gas Composition — Gaseous Fuels -- 2.4 Combustion Air Requirements — Solid and Liquid Fuels -- 2.5 Combustion Products — Solid and Liquid Fuels -- | |
2.6 Practical Significance of the Flue Gas Composition -- 2.7 Sub-stoichiometric Combustion -- 2.8 Problems -- 3 Heat Release in Combustion -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Constant-pressure Combustion -- 3.3 Enthalpy of a Mixture of Gases | |
-- 3.4 Enthalpy of Combustion -- 3.5 Constant-volume Combustion -- 3.6 Internal Energy of Combustion -- 3.7 Relationship between ?H25 and ?U25 -- 3.8 Calorific Values -- 3.9 List of Symbols -- 3.10 Problems -- 4 Flame Temperature -- | |
4.1 Energy Balance on a System -- 4.2 Adiabatic Flame Temperature -- 4.3 Specific Heats of Gases -- 4.4 Calculation Algorithm -- 4.5 Calculated Adiabatic Flame Temperatures -- 4.6 References -- 4.7 List of Symbols -- 4.8 Problems -- 5 | |
Equilibrium Composition of Flames -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Chemical Equilibrium -- 5.3 Calculation of the Equilibrium Composition -- 5.4 Dissociated Flame Temperature -- 5.5 Dissociation with Hydrocarbon Fuels -- 5.6 References -- | |
5.7 List of Symbols -- 6 Efficiency of Combustion Plant -- 6.1 Plant Efficiency -- 6.2 Direct Determination of Efficiency -- 6.3 Inferential Measurement of Efficiency -- 6.4 Efficiency and Flue Gas Temperature -- 6.5 Flue Gas Dew Point | |
-- 6.6 Efficiency of a Condensing Boiler -- 6.7 References -- 6.8 List of Symbols -- 6.9 Problems -- 7 Gaseous Fuels -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Natural Gas -- 7.3 Town Gas (Coal Gas) -- 7.4 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) -- 7.5 | |
Combustion of Gaseous Fuels -- 7.6 Gas Burners -- 7.7 References -- 7.8 List of Symbols -- 8 Liquid Fuels -- 8.1 Occurrence and Processing -- 8.2 Properties of Oil Fuels -- 8.3 Combustion of Liquid Fuels -- 8.4 Pressure Jet Burners -- | |
8.5 Rotary Cup Burners -- 8.6 Twin-fluid Atomisers -- 8.7 Storage of Liquid Fuels -- 8.8 References -- 9 Solid Fuels -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Coal Classification -- 9.3 Coal Properties -- 9.4 Coal Combustion -- 9.5 Coal Storage and | |
Handling -- 9.6 References -- 10 Emissions from Combustion Plant -- 10.1 Environmental Considerations -- 10.2 The Greenhouse Effect -- 10.3 Carbon Dioxide Emissions -- 10.4 Carbon Monoxide -- 10.5 Oxides of Nitrogen -- 10.6 Oxides of | |
Sulphur -- 10.7 Particulate Emissions -- 10.8 List of Symbols -- 10.9 References -- 11 Flues and Chimneys -- 11 Functions of the Flue System -- 12 Chimney Heat Transfer -- 13 Pressure Loss -- 11.4 Chimney Location -- 11.5 List of | |
Symbols -- 11.6 References | |
ISBN: | 9781447120711 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Chemical engineering , Thermodynamics , Electric power production , Mechanical engineering , Physics , Thermodynamics , Mechanical Engineering , Energy Technology , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1993-9789401115148:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to Thermodynamics |
Author(s): |
Keith Sherwin |
Date: | 1993 |
Size: | 1 online resource (320p p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-011-1514-8 |
Contents: | 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Aims -- 1.2 Thermodynamics -- 1.3 Development of thermodynamics -- 1.4 Development of the steam engine -- 1.5 Development of internal combustion engines -- 1.6 System of units -- 1.7 Pressure -- 1.8 Temperature |
-- 1.9 Molecular unit -- Summary -- Problems -- 2 Modelling -- 2.1 Aims -- 2.2 Problem solving -- 2.3 Understanding the problem -- 2.4 Thermodynamic system -- 2.5 Thermodynamic properties -- 2.6 Thermodynamic processes -- 2.7 | |
Mathematical modelling -- Summary -- Problems -- 3 The first law of thermodynamics -- 3.1 Aims -- 3.2 The first law applied to a closed system -- 3.3 First law for a cycle -- 3.4 First law for a process -- 3.5 Work -- 3.6 Heat -- 3.7 | |
Constant pressure process -- 3.8 Rate of heat transfer -- Summary -- Problems -- 4 Fluid properties -- 4.1 Aims -- 4.2 Fluids used in thermodynamic processes -- 4.3 A fluid undergoing a phase change -- 4.4 Use of vapour tables -- 4.5 | |
Perfect gases -- 4.6 Specific heats of gases -- 4.7 Isothermal process for a perfect gas -- 4.8 Adiabatic process for a perfect gas -- 4.9 Real gases -- Summary -- Problems -- 5 Flow processes -- 5.1 Aims -- 5.2 Steady flow through an | |
open system -- 5.3 Flow work -- 5.4 Steady flow energy equation -- 5.5 Steady flow thermodynamic devices -- 5.6 The SFEE as a rate equation -- 5.7 Heat exchangers -- Summary -- Problems -- 6 The second law of thermodynamics -- 6.1 Aims | |
-- 6.2 Heat engines -- 6.3 The second law of thermodynamics -- 6.4 The absolute temperature scale -- 6.5 Temperature, efficiency and entropy -- 6.6 Reversible heat engine -- 6.7 Heat engine operating in a cycle -- 6.8 Reversibility and | |
entropy -- Summary -- Problems -- 7 Vapour cycles -- 7.1 Aims -- 7.2 Steam power cycles -- 7.3 The Carnot cycle -- 7.4 The Rankine cycle -- 7.5 Development of the Rankine cycle -- 7.6 Reversed Carnot cycle -- 7.7 The vapour-compression | |
cycle -- 7.8 Refrigerants -- 7.9 Practical refrigerator systems -- Summary -- Problems -- 8 Gas power cycles -- 8.1 Aims -- 8.2 Air-standard cycles -- 8.3 Constant temperature cycle -- 8.4 Constant volume cycle -- 8.5 Constant pressure | |
cycle -- Summary -- Problems -- 9 Gas turbine engines and propulsion -- 9.1 Aims -- 9.2 Gas turbine engines -- 9.3 Aircraft gas turbine engines -- 9.4 Turbojet engines -- 9.5 Ram jet engines -- Summary -- Problems -- 10 Mixture of | |
gases -- 10.1 Aims -- 10.2 Mixtures of perfect gases -- 10.3 Partial pressures -- 10.4 Properties of gas mixtures -- 10.5 Psychrometry -- 10.6 Psychrometric processes -- 10.7 Psychrometric energy equation -- Summary -- Problems -- 11 | |
Combustion -- 11.1 Aims -- 11.2 Fuels -- 11.3 Combustion processes -- 11.4 Internal combustion engines -- 11.5 Steady flow combustion -- 11.6 Thermal energy of combustion -- 11.7 Adiabatic combustion -- Summary -- Problems -- 12 Heat | |
transfer -- 12.1 Aims -- 12.2 Modes of heat transfer -- 12.3 Overall heat transfer coefficient -- 12.4 Mean temperature difference -- 12.5 Heat exchangers -- Summary -- Problems -- Outline solutions -- Appendix A -- Al Saturated | |
water-steam properties -- A2 Superheated steam properties -- A3 Saturated refrigerant properties of Refrigerant-12 -- A4 Saturated refrigerant properties of Refrigerant-134a -- Appendix B -- B1 Saturation pressure of water vapour -- B2 | |
Psychrometric chart -- Appendix C -- C 1 Enthalpy of formation -- C2 Enthalpy of gases -- References and suggested reading | |
ISBN: | 9789401115148 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Mechanics , Physics , Mechanics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1993-9783642779848:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Theoretical Physics A Classical Approach |
Author(s): |
Josef Honerkamp |
Date: | 1993 |
Size: | 1 online resource (569 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-77984-8 |
Contents: | 1. Introduction -- 2. Newtonian Mechanics -- 2.1 Space and Time in Classical Mechanics -- 2.2 Newton’s Laws -- 2.3 A Few Important Force Laws -- 2.4 The Energy of a Particle in a Force Field -- 2.5 Several Interacting Particles -- 2.6 |
Momentum and Momentum Conservation -- 2.7 Angular Momentum -- 2.8 The Two-Body Problem -- 2.9 The Kepler Problem -- 2.10 Scattering -- 2.11 The Scattering Cross-Section -- 2.12 The Virial Theorem -- 2.13 Mechanical Similarity -- 2.14 | |
Some General Observations About the Many-Body Problem -- Problems -- 3. Lagrangian Methods in Classical Mechanics -- 3.1 A Sketch of the Problem and Its Solution in the Case of a Pendulum -- 3.2 The Lagrangian Method of the First Type | |
-- 3.3 The Lagrangian Method of the Second Type -- 3.4 The Conservation of Energy in Motions Which are Limited by Constraints -- 3.5 Non-holonomic Constraints -- 3.6 Invariants and Conservation Laws -- 3.7 The Hamiltonian -- 3.8 The | |
Hamiltonian Principle of Stationary Action -- Problems -- 4. Rigid Bodies -- 4.1 The Kinematics of the Rigid Body -- 4.2 The Inertia Tensor and the Kinetic Energy of a Rigid Body -- 4.3 The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body, Euler’s | |
Equations -- 4.4 The Equations of Motion for the Eulerian Angles -- Problems -- 5. Motion in a Noninertial System of Reference -- 5.1 Fictitious Forces in Noninertial Systems -- 5.2 Foucault’s Pendulum -- 6. Linear Oscillations -- 6.1 | |
Linear Approximations About a Point of Equilibrium -- 6.2 A Few General Remarks About Linear Differential Equations -- 6.3 Homogeneous Linear Systems with One Degree of Freedom and Constant Coefficients -- 6.4 Homogeneous Linear | |
Systems with n Degrees of Freedom and Constant Coefficients -- 6.5 The Response of Linear Systems to External Forces -- Problems -- 7. Classical Statistical Mechanics -- 7.1 Thermodynamic Systems and Distribution Functions -- 7.2 | |
Entropy -- 7.3 Temperature, Pressure, and Chemical Potential -- 7.4 The Gibbs Equation and the Forms of Energy Exchange -- 7.5 The Canonical Ensemble and the Free Energy -- 7.6 Thermodynamic Potentials -- 7.7 Material Constants -- 7.8 | |
Changes of State -- 7.9 The Transformation of Heat into Work, the Carnot Efficiency -- 7.10 The Laws of Thermodynamics -- 7.11 The Phenomenological Basis of Thermodynamics -- 7.12 Equilibrium and Stability Conditions -- Problems -- 8. | |
Applications of Thermodynamics -- 8.1 Phase Transformations and Phase Diagrams -- 8.2 The Latent Heat of Phase Transitions -- 8.3 Solutions -- 8.4 Henry’s Law, Osmosis -- 8.5 Phase Transitions in Solutions -- Problem -- 9. Elements of | |
Fluid Mechanics -- 9.1 A Few Introductory Remarks About Fluid Mechanics -- 9.2 The General Balance Equation -- 9.3 Particular Balance Equations -- 9.4 Entropy Production, Generalized Forces, and Fluids -- 9.5 The Differential Equations | |
of Fluid Mechanics -- 9.6 A Few Elementary Applications of the Navier-Stokes Equations -- Problem -- 10. The Most Important Linear Partial Differential Equations of Physics -- 10.1 General Considerations -- 10.2 Solutions of the Wave | |
Equation -- 10.3 Boundary Value Problems -- 10.4 The Helmholtz Equation in Spherical Coordinates, Spherical Harmonics, and Bessel Functions -- Problems -- 11. Electrostatics -- 11.1 The Basic Equations of Electrostatics and Their First | |
Consequences -- 11.2 Boundary Value Problems in Electrostatics, Green’s Functions -- 11.3 The Calculation of Green’s Functions, the Method of Images -- 11.4 The Calculation of Green’s Functions, Expansion in Spherical Harmonics -- 11.5 | |
Localized Charge Distributions, the Multipole Expansion -- 11.6 Electrostatic Potential Energy -- Problems -- 12. Moving Charges, Magnetostatics -- 12.1 The Biot-Savart Law, the Fundamental Equations of Magnetostatics -- 12.2 Localized | |
Current Distributions -- 13. Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields -- 13.1 Maxwell’s Equations -- 13.2 Potentials and Gauge Transformations -- 13.3 Electromagnetic Waves in a Vacuum, the Polarization of Transverse Waves -- 13.4 | |
Electromagnetic Waves, the Influence of Sources -- 13.5 The Energy of the Electromagnetic Field -- 13.6 The Momentum of the Electromagnetic Field -- 14. Elements of the Electrodynamics of Continuous Media -- 14.1 The Macroscopic | |
Maxwell Equations -- 14.2 Electrostatic Fields in Continuous Media -- 14.3 Magnetostatic Fields in Continuous Media -- 14.4 Plane Waves in Matter, Wave Packets -- 14.5 Reflection and Refraction at Plane Boundary Surfaces -- Appendices | |
-- A. The ?-Function -- B. Conic Sections -- C. Tensors -- D. Fourier Series and Fourier Integrals -- D.1 Fourier Series -- D.2 Fourier Integrals and Fourier Transforms -- E. Distributions and Green’s Functions -- E.1 Distributions -- | |
E.2 Green’s Functions -- F. Vector Analysis and Curvilinear Coordinates -- F.1 Vector Fields and Scalar Fields -- F.2 Line, Surface, and Volume Integrals -- F.3 Stokes’s Theorem -- F.4 Gauss’s Theorem -- F.5 Applications of the | |
Integral Theorems -- F.6 Curvilinear Coordinates -- Problems -- References | |
ISBN: | 9783642779848 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1993-9781489912565:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Global Energy Strategies Living with Restricted Greenhouse Gas Emissions |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1993 |
Size: | 1 online resource (217 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4899-1256-5 |
Contents: | Solar Power -- Wind Technology After A Decade of Development -- The Potential for Biomass Energy and the Implications for Climate Change -- Hydropower -- The Potential for Nuclear Power -- The Transportation Sector -- The Potential |
for Reducing Carbon Emissions Through Improved Efficiency in Industrial Processes -- Increasing Economic Growth and Reducing Carbon Emissions Through Improved Energy Efficiency -- Long Term Options for Energy Supply and Demand Side | |
Management -- Fossil Fuel and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Technologies -- The U.S. Energy Strategy -- Integrating Energy and the Environment -- Reducing U.S. CO2 Emissions — The Value of Flexibility in Timing -- The Alternative Energy | |
Future -- The State Perspective -- Why Do The Strategies Differ? -- Russia/Eastern Europe -- Energy Use in India: Implications of Constrained Greenhouse Gas Emissions -- South America -- Reducing Energy-Related Greenhouse Gas | |
Emissions: A Canadian Perspective -- Strategies for Improving Energy Efficiency and Reducing CO2 Emissions in the European Community and the Netherlands -- Population, Environment and the Implication for Energy Usage -- Greenhouse | |
Gases and Emissions Trading -- Technology Transfer -- Energy Strategy: Is a Comprehensive Approach Possible? -- Programs -- Participants | |
ISBN: | 9781489912565 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Environmental Science Research : 47 |
Keywords: | Life sciences , Renewable energy resources , Ecology , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Environmental management , Life Sciences , Ecology , Environmental Management , Renewable and Green Energy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1992-9783642844508:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Design and Operation of Heat Exchangers Proceedings of the EUROTHERM Seminar No. 18, February 27 – March 1 1991, Hamburg, Germany |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1992 |
Size: | 1 online resource (236 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-84450-8 |
Contents: | General Problems -- Selected problems in heat exchanger design -- Compact new formulae for mean temperature difference and efficiency of heat exchangers -- The multi-dimensional thermalhydraulics code TRIO applications to heat |
exchangers -- Heat exchanger control by stream(s) by-pass -- Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers -- Effects of unequal transfer area in multi-pass heat exchangers -- Variable pitch tube layout concept for shell and tube heat exchanger -- | |
Design improvements of a shell and tube heat exchanger based on practical experience and numerical analysis -- Simple algorithms for optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers -- Dispersion model for divided-flow heat exchanger -- | |
Heat exchanger in transient conditions -- Cross-Flow Heat Exchangers -- Approximate equations for the design of cross-flow heat exchangers -- Numerical analysis of cross-flow heat exchangers in order to establish a new design method -- | |
Improvement of fin-tube heat exchangers by longitudinal vortex generators -- Numerical studies of a compact fin-tube heat exchanger -- Heat transfer and pressure drop in single rows -- Pressure losses in tube bundles of close spacings | |
-- Improvement of existing fuel-air heat exchangers of modern air-breathing engines -- A model for predicting the performance of domestic gas-fired water heaters -- Plastic heat exchangers -- Condition monitoring of air cooled heat | |
exchangers -- Plate Heat Exchangers -- Approximate theory of spiral heat exchanger -- Thermal hydraulic performances of plate and frame heat exchangers — The CEPAJ software -- Flow distribution in plate heat exchangers and consequences | |
on thermal and hydraulic performances -- Welded plate heat exchangers as refrigerants dry-ex evaporators -- Development of a compact heat exchanger for gas turbine heat recovery -- High performance titanium plate fin heat exchanger | |
using a novel manufacturing process -- Regenerators -- Optimal thermal control of regenerative heat exchangers -- A simplified model for a helical heat exchanger for long-term energy storage in soil -- Multiphase Systems -- Pressure | |
drop during condensation in vertical tubes -- Intensification of heat transfer in horizontal-tube vapour condensers -- Measurements and modelling: a 350 MWe power plant condenser -- The computer aided design of steam surface condensers | |
-- Some comments on the use of mixed bundles of smooth and enhanced tubes in reboilers -- The heat pipe heat exchangers: design, technology and applications -- Performance analysis and test of a two-phase closed thermosyphon heat | |
exchanger -- An application of semi-empirical turbulence theory to the hydrodynamics and heat exchange in gas-liquid foam -- Prediction of heat transfer rates in a liquid-liquid direct-contact heat exchanger | |
ISBN: | 9783642844508 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | EUROTHERM Seminars : 18 |
Keywords: | Physics , Chemical engineering , Thermodynamics , Physics , Thermodynamics , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1992-9783642774256:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nuclear Energy |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1992 |
Size: | 1 online resource (808 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-77425-6 |
Contents: | I Introduction: Eugene Wigner and Nuclear Energy -- Introduction: Eugene Wigner and Nuclear Energy -- II Memoir of the Uranium Project -- Memoir of the Uranium Project -- III Acrticles, Reports, and Memoranda on Nuclear Energy -- The |
Pre-Chicago Days Annotation by Alvin M. Weinberg -- 1. For Discussion of the Homogeneous and Lattice Arrangements for Power Plants -- 2. Approximation for Radius of Sphere Sufficient for Chain Reaction in Light Isotype -- 3. Diffusion | |
of Slow Neutrons on Absorbing Materials -- 4. Solution of Boltzmann’s Equation for Monoegenergetic Neutrons in an Infinite Homogeneous Medium -- 5. Review of the Measurements of the Resonance Absorption of Neutrons by Uranium in Bulk | |
-- 6. Resonance Absoprtion of Neutrons by Spheres -- 7. Effect of Geometry on Resonance Absorption of Neutrons by Uranium -- 8. Effect of Temperature on Total Resonance Absorption of Neutrons by Spheres of Uranium Oxide -- 9. | |
Absorption of Thermal Neutrons in Uranium -- 10. Density of Neutrons in Carbon Block with and Without Absorbing Material -- Reactor Engineering at Chicago, 1942–1945, and at Clinton, 1946–1947 Annotation by Alvin M. Weinberg -- | |
Plutonium-Producing Reactors -- 11. Report of the Committee for the Examination of the Moore-Leverett Design of a He-Cooled Plant -- 12. General Considerations Concerning the Lattice Structure -- 13. Survey of the Power Plant Problem | |
-- 14. A Plant with Water Cooling -- 15. On a Plant with Water Cooling -- 16. Preliminary Process Design of Liquid Cooled Power Plant Producing 5 x 105 kW -- 17. Memorandum from P-9 Committee -- Breeders -- 18. Breeders and Converters: | |
Minutes of Lecture on April 7, 1945 -- 19. Preliminary Calculations on a Breeder with Circulating Uranium -- 20. New Ideas for Nuclear Reactors -- 21. Project Hope: A Chemical Reprocessing Plant for a Nuclear Power Economy -- Reactor | |
Shielding -- 22. Protection Against Radiations -- 23. Penetration of Fission Neutrons Through Water -- 24. On the Available Information Concerning the Interaction of Neutrons with Matter -- Fission Products -- 25. The Rate of Decay of | |
Fission Products -- Wigner Effect -- 26. The Effects of Radiation on Solids -- Reactor Theory Annotation by Alvin M. Weinberg -- 27. Theoretical Physics in the Metallurgical Laboratory of Chicago -- 28. Mathematical Problems of Nuclear | |
Reactor Theory -- Microscopic Reactor Theory -- 29. Resonance Escape Probability in Lattices -- 30. On the Utilization of Thermal Neutrons -- Temperature Coefficients -- 31. Effect of the Temperature of the Moderator on the Velocity | |
Distribution of Neutrons with Numerical Calculations for H as Moderator -- Macroscopic Reactor Theory -- 32. Approximate Boundary Conditions for Diffusion Equation at Inteface Between Two Media -- 33. On the Boundary Condition Between | |
Two Multiplying Media -- 34. On Variations of the Power Output in a Running Pile -- 35. Use of the Pile Oscillator for the Measurement of Pile Constants -- 36. Effect of Small Perturbations on Pile Period -- 37. Efficiency of Control | |
Rods Which Absorb Only Thermal Neutrons -- General Articles on Nuclear Energy and Energy Policy Annotation by Alvin M. Weinberg -- 38. Atomic Energy -- 39. Impact of the Developments in Atomic Energy on the Sciences -- 40. Ziele und | |
Probleme von Reaktoren -- 41. Longer Range View of Nuclear Energy -- 42. Our Needs for Energy and Ways to Satisfy Them -- Book on Reactor Theory and Nuclear Physics -- IV The Wigner Patents -- The Wigner Patents | |
ISBN: | 9783642774256 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner, Part A The Scientific Papers : A / 5 |
Keywords: | Physics , Renewable energy resources , Physical chemistry , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Nuclear fusion , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Renewable and Green Energy , Physical Chemistry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1992-9781475721614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Global Climate Change Linking Energy, Environment, Economy and Equity |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1992 |
Size: | 1 online resource (242 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4757-2161-4 |
Contents: | Opening Remarks -- Opening Remarks -- Challenges in the Face of Uncertainty -- Challenges in the Face of Uncertainty -- A Sustainable Energy Future — Technological Options for Change -- Steps to Reduce U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions: |
Technical Options and the Policies to Implement Them -- Energy Efficiency, Human Activities and Climate Change -- The Costs of Reducing U.S. CO2 Emissions: Further Sensitivity Analyses -- Integrating Energy, Economy, and Environmental | |
Concerns -- “No Regrets” Tax Reform -- Multiple benefit Environmental Policies -- Energy and Environmental Policy: The Role of Markets -- Local/Regional Policies—Acting Globally by Thinking Locally -- Implications for Decision Making | |
-- Implications for Decision Making: Government Perspectives -- Implications for Decision Making: The Electric Utilities’ Perspective -- Implications for Decision Making: Auto Industry Perspectives -- Implications for Decision Making: | |
Industrial Sector Perspectives -- Implications for Decision Making: Sectoral Perspectives -- The Importance of Population Growth in Future Commercial Energy Consumption -- The Public as a Decision Maker -- Strategies for International | |
Negotiations -- Status of Framework Convention Talks -- Equity in International Agreements -- The Ethics of Living in a Global Greenhouse -- Corporate and Personal Responsibility -- Intergenerational Equity -- Examining the Linkages — | |
Which Policies Will Work? -- Energy Policy: Insurance against the Unknown -- Designing a Carbon Tax Strategy -- “Virtual Climate” and Climate Change Assessment: Paving the Way for Workable Climate Change Policies -- Examining the | |
Linkages—Which Policies Will Work? -- A Congressional View of Workable Linkages -- Thinking about Global Climate Change -- Thinking about Global Climate Change | |
ISBN: | 9781475721614 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Environmental Science Research : 45 |
Keywords: | Life sciences , Philosophy and science , Ecology , Environmental management , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Social sciences , Life Sciences , Ecology , Environmental Management , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Philosophy of Science , Social Sciences, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1991-9783540466086:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Advances in the Free-Lagrange Method Including Contributions on Adaptive Gridding and the Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics Method Proceedings of the Next Free-Lagrange Conference Held at Jackson Lake Lodge, Moran, WY, USA 3–7 June 1990 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1991 |
Size: | 1 online resource (8 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/3-540-54960-9 |
Contents: | Exact conservation of energy and momentum in staggered-grid hydrodynamics with arbitrary connectivity -- Recent modifications in the HOBO mesh -- TRIX: A free-lagrangian hydrocode -- Solution of Euler's equations on adaptive grids |
using a fast unstructured grid second order Godunov solver (FUGGS) -- Numerical simulation of time-dependent 3-D flows using adaptive unstructured grids -- An explicit-implicit solution of the hydrodynamic and radiation equations -- | |
Electromagnetic particle codes on unstructured grids -- Asynchronous 3D free lagrange code -- Roundtable -- Unstructured mesh relaxation -- Design systems for adaptive general connectivity meshes: Increasing total efficiency for | |
computational physics applications -- Electromagnetic scattering calculations using a finite—element solver for the Maxwell equations -- Delaunay tetrahedralization in a 3-D free-lagrangian multimaterial code -- 3-D reconnection and | |
fluxing algorithms -- Parallel nearest neighbor calculations -- Visualization of 3-D free-Lagrange calculational data -- Roundtable -- The free-Lagrange method on the connection machine -- Thermal diffusion in the X-7 three-dimensional | |
code -- An even-parity/odd-parity formulation for deterministic transport calculations on massively parallel computers (U) -- Deterministic transport on an arbitrarily connected grid -- Roundtable -- An evaluation of smoothed particle | |
hydrodynamics -- Smooth particle hydrodynamics -- Smooth particle hydrodynamics with strength of materials -- An angular weighting approach for calculating gradients and divergences -- Free-Lagrange advection slide lines -- Comparisons | |
between the cell-centered and staggered mesh Lagrangian hydrodynamics -- Vorticity errors in multidimensional Lagrangian codes -- Deterministic vortex methods for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations -- Roundtable | |
ISBN: | 9783540466086 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics: 395 |
Keywords: | Physics , Fluids , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1988-9789400929739:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Galactic and Extragalactic Star Formation |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1988 |
Size: | 1 online resource (688 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-009-2973-9 |
Contents: | 1 Galactic Star Formation -- 1.1 Lectures -- On the Importance of Outflows for Molecular Clouds and Star Formation -- Radio and Infrared Properties of Young Stars -- Energetic Winds and Circumstellar Disks Associated with Low Mass |
Young Stellar Objects -- Masers in Galactic and Extragalactic Star Forming Regions -- Interstellar and Circumstellar Toroids -- The Behaviour of Magnetic Fields in Star Forming Regions -- The Origin of Bipolar Outflows -- Vibrationally | |
Excited Molecular Hydrogen Emission from Galactic Regions of Star Formation -- Physical Conditions in Dense Cores -- Long Term Support and Gravitational Stability of Molecular Clouds -- Formation of Giant Molecular Clouds -- Star | |
Formation in the Galactic Disk -- 1.2 Invited Talks -- Observations of Star Forming Regions with the Hat Creek Millimeter Array -- High Resolution Observations with the Owens Valley Millimeter Wave Interferometer -- Ultracompact HII | |
Regions: Their Morphologies and Spectral Energy Distributions -- The Magnetic Field in the Bipolar Nebulae S106 -- High Resolution CO Observations of Young Low Mass Stars -- The Effects of Multiple Scattering in the Disks Around Young | |
Stellar Objects -- 1.3 Panel Discussion -- Star Formation and the Solar System -- 1.4 Summary Talk -- Meeting Summary: Star Formation in the Milky Way -- 2 Extragalactic Star Formation -- 2.1 Lectures -- Star Formation at the Galactic | |
Center -- Star Formation in the Andromeda Galaxy -- Supernovae and Their Remnants -- The Starburst Galaxy M82 -- M82: A Nearby Starburst Galaxy-CO Observations -- Star Formation in Blue Compact and Irregular Galaxies -- Large-Scale | |
Aspects of Star Formation and Galactic Evolution -- Influence of Large-Scale Dynamics Upon Star Formation in Galaxies -- Starbursts: Nature and Implications -- Bimodal Star Formation, Starbursts, and Galaxy Formation -- Primordial Star | |
Formation -- 2.2 Invited Talks -- The Evolution of Starburst Galaxies to Active Galactic Nuclei -- Atomic Hydrogen and OH Emission in Luminous Infrared Galaxies -- Evolution and Initial Mass Function in Starbursts -- Aperature | |
Synthesis Maps of HCN, HCO+, CO, and 3 mm Continuum Toward M82 -- The Molecular Content of Galaxies -- High Mass Star Formationj in Galactic and Extragalactic Molecular Clouds -- Abundances of the Heavy Elements in the Magellanic | |
Clouds -- 2.3 Panel Discussion -- The Efficiency of Star Formation in Galaxies: Can We Measure It? -- No More Heterodyne Blues: Gas Masses From Millimeter and Sub-Millimeter Continuum Photometry -- The Efficiency of Star Formation in | |
Galaxies: Can We Measure It? (“The Infrared Toolkit”) -- The Initial Mass Function -- 2.4 Summary Talk -- Concluding Remarks -- 3 Poster Titles -- 3.1. Galactic Star Formation -- 3.2. Extragalactic Star Formation | |
ISBN: | 9789400929739 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 232 |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1988-9783642736889:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | From Chemical to Biological Organization |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1988 |
Size: | 1 online resource (358 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-73688-9 |
Contents: | I General Concepts -- From Chemical to Biological Organization: A Snapshot -- Pattern Formation: Thermodynamics or Kinetics? -- Spatiotemporal Organization in Biological and Chemical Systems: Historical Review -- Velocity Correlations |
and Irreversibility: A Molecular Dynamics Approach -- Nonlinear Dynamics, Self-Organization and the Symbolic Representation of Complexity -- Spectral Kinetics and the Efficiency of (Bio) Chemical Reactions -- II Chemical Organization | |
-- Distinction Between Amplified Noise and Deterministic Chaos by the Correlation Dimension -- Exotic Chemical Reactions with Cu(II) Catalyst -- Bifurcation, Periodicity and Chaos by Thermal Effects in Heterogeneous Catalysis -- | |
Spatial Patterns in (Bio)Chemical Reactions -- Experimental Study of the Target Patterns of the BZ Reaction Using Digital Picture Analysis -- Dispersion Curves and Pulse Wave Propagation in Excitable Systems -- Chemical Structures and | |
Convection -- The Path to Hydrodynamic Instability During Reactions at Liquid Interfaces: Comparison of Experimental Image Analysis Results and Simulations -- Cellular Automata Simulating the Evolution of Structure Through the | |
Synchronization of Oscillators -- III Biochemical Organization -- Potential Functions and Molecular Evolution -- Stochastic and Chaotic Processes in Biochemical Systems -- Protein Complexity -- Chemical Turnover and the Rate of Heat | |
Production in Complex Reaction Systems -- Pattern Formation by Coupled Oscillations: The Pigmentation Patterns on the Shells of Molluscs -- Nonlinear Polymerization of Fibrinogen -- IV Cellular and Intercellular Organization -- Dynamic | |
Phenomena in Molecular and Cellular Biology -- Thermodynamics of Energy Conversion in the Cell -- Cell Lineage and Segmentation in Development -- Models of Cytoplasmic Motion -- Developmental Control of a Biological Rhythm: The Onset | |
of Cyclic AMP Oscillations in Dictyostelium Cells -- Periodic Cell Communication in Dictyostelium discoideum -- V From Complex Cellular Networks to the Brain -- Memory and Paralysis Phenomena in the Immune Response: Interpretation in | |
Terms of Multiple Steady State Transitions -- Spatiotemporal Patterns of Block in an Ionic Model of Cardiac Purkinje Fibre -- Perturbations of Next-Period Functions: Applications to Circadian Rhythms -- Brain Development and | |
Self-Organization -- Do Coherent Patterns of the Strange Attractor EEG Reflect Deterministic Sensory-Cognitive States of the Brain? -- The Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease in the Hierarchy of Chaotic Attractors -- VI Ecological, | |
Epidemiological and Economical Organization -- Ecosystems Under Varying Ambient Conditions -- Periodic and Chaotic Dynamics in Childhood Infections -- Analysis of Life Processes and Economic Systems by Methods of Thermodynamics -- | |
Index of Contributors | |
ISBN: | 9783642736889 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Synergetics: 39 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physical chemistry , Thermodynamics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Physical Chemistry , Biophysics and Biological Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1987-9783642729706:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics II Proceedings of the Second OSA-IEEE (LEOS) Incline Village, Nevada, January 14–16, 1987 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1987 |
Size: | 1 online resource (290 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-72970-6 |
Contents: | I High-Speed Probing Techniques -- A Non-contact Electro-optic Prober for High Speed Integrated Circuits -- Photoconductive Generation of Subpicosecond Electrical Pulses and Their Measurement Applications -- Picosecond Sampling of |
GaAs Integrated Circuits -- Electro-optic Sampling of High-Speed, InP-Based Integrated Circuits -- Electro-optic Sampling Analysis of Timing Patterns at Critical Internal Nodes in Gigabit GaAs Multiplexers/Demultiplexers -- A Technique | |
for Wing Suppressed IR Sampling -- Picosecond Electrical Pulse for VLSI Electronics Characterization -- Ultrafast Optics Applied to Modern Device Research -- An Optically Strobed Sample and Hold Circuit -- Laser Pulsed E-Beam System | |
for High Speed I.C. Testing -- Photoemissive Testing of High-Speed Electrical Waveforms -- High-Speed Optical Logic Using GaAs -- Comparison of Sampling Oscilloscopes with ?35 ps Transition Durations -- Picosecond Optoelectronic Study | |
of a Thin Film Transmission Line Structure -- II Transient Transport -- Direct Subpicosecond Measurement of Carrier Mobility of Photoexcited Electrons in GaAs -- Nonstationary Transport in MODFETs and Heterojunction Devices -- Monte | |
Carlo Investigation of Hot Photoexcited Electron Relaxation in GaAs -- Longitudinally Localized Optical Carrier Injection for Femtosecond Transport Studies -- Femtosecond Nonequilibrium Electronic Heat Transport in Thin Gold Films -- | |
III Ballistic Transport and Resonant Tunneling -- Ballistic Transport and Energy Spectroscopy of Hot Electrons in THETA Devices -- Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Resonant Tunneling Diodes -- Quantum Transport Calculation of | |
Resonant-Tunneling Response Time( -- Resonant Tunneling Electron Spectroscopy -- Analysis of Transit Time Effects due to Spacer Layers in Quantum Well Oscillators -- IV Quantum Wells -- High-Speed Phenomena in GaAs | |
Multiple-Quantum-Well Structures -- Picosecond Carrier Transport in GaAs Quantum Wells -- Quantum-Confined Stark Effect in InGaAs/InP Quantum Wells Grown by Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition -- Dynamics of Below-Gap | |
Photoexcitation in GaAs Quantum Wells -- Optical Reading of InGaAs Modulation Doped Field Effect Transistor -- V High-Speed Electronic Devices -- Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) for High-Speed Devices -- Multigigahertz Logic Based on InP | |
MISFETs Exhibiting Extremely High Transconductance -- Millimeter-Wave Integrated Circuits -- Enhanced Performance Ultrabroadband Distributed Amplifiers -- High-Performance Quarter-Micron-Gate MODFET -- Progress and Challenges in HEMT | |
LSI Technology -- Picosecond Switching in Josephson Tunnel Junctions -- Modulation Efficiency Limited High Frequency Performance of the MODFET -- Development of 18 GHz GaAs Static Frequency Dividers and Their Evaluation by Electrooptic | |
Sampling -- Characteristics of Shielded Microstrip Lines on GaAs-Si at Millimeter-Wave Frequencies -- VI Fast Lasers and Detectors -- Characteristics, Packaging and Physics of Ultra High Speed Diode Lasers and Detectors -- Energy | |
Variations in Optical Pulses from Gain-Switched AlGaAs Diode Lasers -- Frequency Chirping in Pulse Modulated Gain and Index Guided Single Quantum Well Lasers -- InP/GaInAs/InP PIN Photodiode with FWHM of Photoconductive Picosecond | |
Microstripline Switches on Self-Implanted Silicon on Sapphire (SOS) -- Picosecond Optoelectronic Switches Using Composite Electronic Materials -- High Speed, High Repetition Rate, High Voltage Photoconductive Switching -- Generation | |
and Forming of Ultrashort High Voltage Pulses -- Silicon Pulse Sharpening Diodes — Switching Kilovolts in Tens of Picoseconds -- Graphite as a Picosecond Laser Activated Opening Switch -- VIII Optical Microwave Techniques -- Radar and | |
Electronic Warfare Applications of Multigigahertz Optical Components and Systems -- Characteristics and Applications of Wideband Guided-Wave Devices -- A New Optoelectronic CW Microwave Source -- Optical Intensity Modulation to 40 GHz | |
Using a Waveguide Electrooptic Switch -- Picosecond Response of an Optically Controlled Millimeter Wave Phase Shifter -- Picosecond Optoelectronic Transceivers -- High Speed Opto-isolator for Radar Applications -- Index of Contributors | |
ISBN: | 9783642729706 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Electronics and Photonics: 24 |
Keywords: | Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1987-9781468491142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | New Techniques for Future Accelerators |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1987 |
Size: | 1 online resource (283 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4684-9114-2 |
Contents: | Overview of Linear Collider Studies -- Principles of Beat-Wave Accelerators -- Wake Field Acceleration -- Energy Efficiency and Choice of Parameters for Linear Colliders -- A Two-Stage RF Linear Colliders using a Superconducting Drive |
Linac -- The Micro Lasertron. An Efficient Switched-Power Source of mm Wavelength Radiation -- Collider Scaling and Cost Estimation -- Cooling Rings for TeV Colliders -- Linear Colliders Driven by a Superconducting Linac-FEL System -- | |
Low Technology FELs and IFELs: How can a small Laboratory contribute -- Developments in the Physics of High Current Linear Ion Accelerators -- RFQ Application -- High Power 35 GHz Testing of a Free-Electron Laser and Two-Beam | |
Accelerator Structures -- Acceleration of Electrons by the Wake Field of Proton Bunches -- Analytic Tools for solving Nonlinear Problems in Particle Accelerators: A Review and an Example -- Approximate Solutions of the Equation for the | |
Longitudinal Motion of Particles in an RFQ Accelerator -- A Model of Four Rods RFQ -- RFQ Field Stabilization using Dipole Suppressors -- Participants | |
ISBN: | 9781468491142 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Ettore Majorana International Science Series : 29 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physics , Physics, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1986-9789400946422:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1986 |
Size: | 1 online resource (722 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-009-4642-2 |
Contents: | Photoinduced charge separation: Requirements needed for ideal relays and photosensitizers -- Photoinduced charge separation: Towards the design of supermolecular systems based on transition metal complexes -- Fundamental studies into |
primary events in photocatalysis employing CdS and TiO semiconductors: Photoluminescence, laser flash photolysis and pulse radiolysis -- Dynamics of interfacial electron transfer reactions in colloidal semiconductor systems and water | |
cleavage by visible light -- Electronic Spectroscopy of semiconductor clusters -- Catalysed decay of oxidising radicals in water -- Photocatalysis and light—induced electron transfer reactions of tertiary amines -- Photocatalytic | |
production of ascorbic acid. A secondary photosynthesis in plants -- Spectroscopic and electrochemical studies of photochemical electron transfer in linked donor—acceptor molecules -- Bifunctional porphyrins: Redox photochemistry of: | |
meso(tritolyl(pyridyl Ru(III) (NH 3) 4 L’)) porphyrin: (L’=NH 3, pyridine, 5-Cl-pyridine) -- Linear chain platinum complexes as photocatalysts -- Electron transfer reactions on extremely small semiconductor colloids studied by pulse | |
radiolysis -- Nafion stabilized aqueous solutions of colloidal semiconductors -- In situ generated catalyst-coated colloidal semiconductor CdS particles in surfactant vesicles and polymerized surfactant vesicles -- Development of | |
catalysts for water photoreduction: Improvement, poisoning and catalytic mechanism -- Radiolytic methods of preparation of colloidal and heterogeneous redox catalysts and their application in light-induced H2 generation from water -- | |
The effect of promoters on the photochemical water cleavage in suspensions of Pt-loaded TiO2 with increased light to chemical conversion efficiency -- Metallic catalysts on semiconductors: Transparency and electrical contact properties | |
-- On the nature of the inhibition of electron transfer at illuminated p-type semiconductor electrodes -- The importance of solution kinetics in photoelectrochemical phenomena -- Mechanistic aspects of semiconductor | |
photoelectrochemistry: The behavior of Si and GAAs in nonaqueous solvents -- Charge injection into semiconductor particles — Importance in photocatalysis -- Hydrogen evolution and selective organic photosynthesis catalyzed by zinc | |
sulfide -- Photocatalytic organic synthesis by use of semiconductors or dyes -- A. Hiskia and A. Ioannidis Photocatalytic oxidation of organic compounds with heteropoly electrolytes. Aspects on photochemical utilization of solar energy | |
-- Photoformation of hydrogen in liquid water in the presence of Pt/TiO2 catalyst and organic impurities -- Surface properties of catalysts. Iron and its oxides: Surface chemistry, photochemistry and catalysis -- Photocatalysis over | |
clay supports -- Photoreduction and-oxidation of molecular nitrogen on titanium dioxide and titanium containing minerals -- Photoassisted reduction of carbon and nitrogen compounds: with semiconductors -- Adsorption and desorption | |
processes in photocatalysis -- Photo-induced processes at titanium dioxide surfaces -- Photolysis of adsorbed phases: Ethanoic acid-insulators and semiconductors systems. Influence of acid-base properties -- Cadmium sulfide | |
photocatalyzed hydrogen production from aqueous solutions of sulfite -- Environmental photochemistry of chlorinated aromatics in aqueous media. A review of data -- Photodegradation of wastes and pollutants in aquatic environment -- | |
Heterogeneous photocatalysis for water purification: Prospects and problems -- A Gas Research Institute perspective on inorganic synthesis of gaseous fuels -- Putting photocatalysis to work -- Panel discussion on the Selective | |
activation and conversion of molecules -- Panel discussion on Sensitization and immobilization of catalysts on various supports -- Panel discussion on Electrocatalysis and photocatalysis -- Final Remarks -- Author Index | |
ISBN: | 9789400946422 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 174 |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1986-9783642826665:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Hydrodynamics of Ocean Wave-Energy Utilization IUTAM Symposium Lisbon/Portugal 1985 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1986 |
Size: | 1 online resource (452 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-82666-5 |
Contents: | The Hydrodynamic Efficiency of Wave-Energy Devices -- Progress on Edinburgh Ducks -- TAPCHAN -- Development of the Kvaerner Multiresonant OWC -- The Circular Sea Clam Wave Energy Converter -- Optimization of Wave Energy Absorber of an |
Attenuator OWC Device with an Air Turbine -- On the Experimental Investigation of a Wave Power Converter -- Design Optimization of Axi-symmetric Tail Tube Buoys -- Physical and Mathematical Modelling of a Point Absorber Wave Energy | |
Conversion System with Nonlinear Damping -- Progress in China’s Developmental Research on Wave Energy -- Wave climate and the wave power resource -- Wave Power Climate of Portugal -- Oceanographic Design Criteria and Site Selection for | |
Ocean Wave Energy Conversion -- Accuracy of the Estimate of Extreme Wave Conditions -- On-line Identification and Prediction of Waves -- Extreme Wave Heights along the Norwegian Coast -- Wave Forces on a Horizontal, Submerged, Spinning | |
Cylinder -- The Concept of a Bipartite Point Absorber -- Thrust Generation by a Hydrofoil Driven by Waves — A Basic Aspect of Wave Devouring Propulsion -- Wave Energy Absorption Characteristics of Circular Air-Chamber for Use of Light | |
Beacon Fixed on Sunken Rock -- Heaving Point Absorbers Reacting against an Internal Mass -- Phase Control for the Oscillating Water Column -- Wave Energy Absorption in Irregular Waves by Feedforward Control System -- Latching Control | |
of an Oscillating Water Column Device with Air Compressibility -- Increase in Absorbed Wave Energy by the Phase Control for Air Flow on OWC Wave Power Device -- Simulation of a Pneumatic Wave-Power Buoy with Phase Control -- Dynamic | |
Response and Input Adaptive Maximum Energy Converting Control of an Ocean Wave Energy Converter -- A Comparative Evaluation of Numerical Methods in Free-Surface Hydrodynamics -- Survival of Surface-Piercing Wave Energy Devices in | |
Extreme Waves -- Progress on Flap-type Wave Absorbing Devices -- Three-Dimensional Analysis of Oscillating-Water-Column Terminator Devices in Obliquely Incident Waves -- Hydrodynamic Analysis and Design Method of OWC Wave Energy | |
Convertors -- Wave Interaction with Oscillating Bodies and Water Columns -- The Radiation and Scattering of Long Water Waves -- Investigation of Wave Focusing over a Parabolic Step -- An Experience of Wave Power Generator through Tests | |
and Improvement | |
ISBN: | 9783642826665 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Renewable energy resources , Mechanics , Engineering geology , Engineering , Foundations , Hydraulics , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Water pollution , Physics , Mechanics , Renewable and Green Energy , Geoengineering, Foundations, Hydraulics , Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Po |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1986-9783540474333:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Tunable Solid-State Lasers II Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting, Rippling River Resort, Zigzag, Oregon, June 4–6, 1986 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1986 |
Size: | 1 online resource (369 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-540-47433-3 |
Contents: | I Spectroscopy -- Two-Photon Spectroscopy Using Infrared Photons -- Laser Spectroscopy Measurements on Tunable Solid State Laser Materials -- Spectral Holeburning in Titanium-Doped Sapphire and YAG -- II Chromium Spectroscopy -- |
Chromium Activated Crystals as Tunable Laser Media — What Makes Them Special? -- Radiative and Nonradiative Energy Transfer Between Cr3+ and Nd3+ in GSGG -- Excited-State Absorption and Photoconductivity of GSGG:Cr and GSAG:Cr. -- The | |
Fluorescence Behaviour of Chromium-Doped Oxide Glasses -- III Crystal Growth -- Chromium-Doped Garnet Hosts: Crystal Chemistry Development and Properties -- Crystal Growth of ScBO3:Cr3+ — A New Near-IR Tunable Laser Crystal -- Growth | |
of Laser-Quality Ti:Al2O3 Crystals by a Seeded Gradient Freeze Technique -- Effects of Growth Conditions and Post-Growth Thermal Treatment on the Quality of Titanium-Doped Sapphire -- Growth of Cerium-Doped Rare Earth Silicates for | |
Tunable Lasers -- IV Chromium Tunable Lasers -- The Chromium-Doped Rare-Earth Gallium Garnet Crystals as the Active Material for Solid-State Lasers -- Single-mode Operation of Cr-Doped GSGG and KZnF3 -- Flashlamp-pumped Cr3+:GSAG and | |
Cr3+:GSGG: Slope Efficiency, Resonator Design, Color Centers and Tunability -- Laser Action in Flashlamp-Pumped Chromium: GSG-Garnet -- Cr:YSAG — A Tunable Near-Infrared Laser Material -- A ScBO3:Cr Laser -- Tunable Lasers with | |
Transition Metal Doped Fluoride Crystals -- Laser-Pumped Laser Measurements of Gain and Loss in SrAlF5:Cr Crystals -- V Alexandrite Lasers -- Alexandrite Laser Amplifiers -- High-Power Injection-Locked Alexandrite Ring Laser -- Low | |
Magnification Unstable Resonators Using Radially Varying Birefringent Elements -- Injection Locking Broadly Tunable, Q-Switched Alexandrite Lasers Using Semiconductor Laser Diodes -- Panel Discussion on Chromium Tunable Lasers -- VI | |
Titanium Sapphire Lasers -- Room-Temperature cw Operation of the Ti:Al2O3 Laser -- Continuous Wave Tunable Laser Operation of Ti3+-Doped Sapphire at 300 K. -- Efficient, Tunable Ti:Sapphire Laser -- Amplifier and Line-Narrowed | |
Oscillator Performance of Ti:Al2O3 -- Oscillator and Amplifier Performance of Ti:Sapphire -- Laser Performance and Temperature-Dependent Spectroscopy of Titanium-Doped Crystals -- Flashlamp-Pumped Titanium-Doped Sapphire Laser -- | |
Optical and Mass Spectroscopic Analyses of Titanium-Doped Sapphire Crystals -- Injection-Controlled Titanium-Doped Sapphire Laser Using a Pulsed Dye Laser -- VII Color Center Lasers -- New Color Center Lasers Based on Molecule-Doped | |
Alkali Halides -- Stable Color Center Laser in OH-Doped NaC1 Operating in the 1.41–1.81 ?m Region -- Recent Progress in the Development of (F2+)A Color Center Lasers -- Electric Field Modulation of a Colour Centre Laser -- Synthetic | |
Diamond for Color Center Lasers -- VIII Rare Earth Lasers -- Laser Action of Cr, Nd, Tm, Ho-Doped Garnets -- Diode-Pumped 2 ?m Holmium Laser -- Laser Operation on the Erbium and Holmium Transitions in the Yttrium-Scandium-Gallium | |
Garnet Crystals -- Operation of the High Dopant Density Er:YAG at 2.94 ?m -- IX Neodymium Lasers -- The YA1O3:Er Laser -- Comparative Performance of Nd-Doped Solid-State Laser Materials -- CW Tunable Laser Emission of | |
Nd3+:Na0.4Y0.6F2.2 -- Monomode Neodymium-Doped Fibre Laser: Tunable Continuous-Wave Oscillation at 0.9 ?m -- Nonradiative Processes and Blue Emission in Nd:YLF -- X Applications and Nonlinear Optics -- Future Lidar Platforms in Space | |
-- Preliminary Study of a Tunable Narrow Line Double Pulse Alexandrite Laser for Meteorological DIAL Applications -- Nonlinear Infrared Frequency Conversion in AgGaS2 and AgGaSe2 -- Non-Linear Conversion of 1.3 ?m Nd:YLF Emission -- | |
Index of Contributors | |
ISBN: | 9783540474333 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 52 |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1986-9783540472339:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Tenth International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics Proceedings of the Conference Held at the Beijing Science Hall, Beijing, China June 23–27, 1986 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1986 |
Note: | 10.1007/BFb0041761 |
Contents: | Symplectic geometry and numerical methods in fluid dynamics -- On some problems of dynamic meteorology -- Some recent developments in spectral methods -- A perspective of computational fluid dynamics -- Simulation of compressible |
inviscid flows: The italian contribution -- Method of lines approach to the numerical solution of fluid dynamic equations -- On a marching iteration method in solving gas dynamic equations -- Computation of unsteady shock wave motion | |
by the modified flux TVD scheme -- Swirling diffuser flow using a reduced Navier-stokes formulation -- Numerical studies of bifurcations in the confined Benard problem -- Diffusion and Rosseland approximation property of the boundary | |
layer -- Finite difference solution of the 3-D Euler equations using a multistage Runge-Kutta method -- Solution of the compressible navier stokes equations by using embedded adaptive meshes -- Simulation of large incompressible flows | |
by the finite element method -- A downstream boundary condition for the numerical solution of viscous flow -- Scaling and computation of smooth atmospheric motions -- Computation of vortex flows past a flat plate at nigh angle of | |
attack -- Spectral simulation of thermal convection in complex geometries -- Three-dimensional separated viscous flow analyses -- A full Navier-Stokes simulation of complex internal flows -- A strong inviscid-viscous interaction | |
solution of a plane transonic cascade flow -- Computation of turbulent spot evolution -- Computation of low mach number flows with buoyancy -- Vortex multipole methods for viscous incompressible flows -- Free-lagrangian hydrodynamics | |
using massless tracer points -- Impact of turbulence modeling on numerical accuracy and efficiency of compressible flow simulations -- Numerical modelling of a bubble rising through viscous fluid -- Thermocapillary free boundaries ih | |
crystal growth -- A quasi-conservative coin lambda formulation -- An implicit time-marching method for solving the 3-D compressible Euler equations -- Large eddy simulation of a narrow source of passive scalar in homogeneous strained | |
turbulence -- Characteristic decomposition methods for the multidimensional euler equations -- Generalized finite differences for operators of Navier-Stokes type -- On the coupling of incompressible viscous flows and incompressible | |
potential flows via domain decomposition -- Free mass-lump method for two-dimensional compressible flow -- Spectral methods for modeling chemically reacting flow fields -- Time accurate solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations for | |
reacting flows -- A finite element method for simulation of unsteady flows -- Alternating direction adaptive grid generation for three-dimensional regions -- Transition phenomena over a flat plate for compressible flows -- On | |
conservative properties and non-conservative forms of Euler solvers -- A numerical scheme for the unsteady transonic flow around an oscillating airfoil -- Free surface calculation of capillary spreading -- A combined numerical scheme | |
for transonic flows -- Fully developed pulsatile flow in a curved pipe -- Implicit hybrid schemes for the flux-difference split, three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations -- A nonlinear multigrid method for the efficient solution of | |
the steady Euler equations -- Calculation of flow in a supersonic compression corner by the Dorodnitsyn Finite Element Method -- The solution of system of non-linear algebraic equations generated in boundary points calculation -- A | |
test problem for unsteady shock wave calculation -- Applications of numerical conformal mapping technique -- Euler calculations for a complete aircraft -- On the convergence of particle methods applied to the Euler and free surface | |
equations -- Multitasked embedded multigrid for three-dimensional flow simulation -- Numerical simulation of some separated flows -- Numerical study of the entrance flow of a circular pipe -- A numerical method to assess the feedback | |
in a free shear layer -- Consistent strongly implicit iterative procedures -- An isoparametric spectral element method in simulation of incompressible complex flows -- Initiation of breakdown in slender compressible vortices -- A | |
pseudospectral method for solution of the three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations -- A numerical study of incompressible juncture flows -- On the PIC method for elastic-plastic flow -- Implicit methods for computing | |
chemically reacting flow -- A “Large-particle” difference method with second order accuracy for computation of two-dimensional unsteady flows -- Airfoil design at sonic velocity -- Applications of the method of flux-corrected transport | |
to generalized meshes -- Accurate, efficient and productive methodology for solving turbulent viscous flows in complex geometry -- A simple and efficient implicit scheme for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations -- On an implicit | |
numerical scheme for two-dimensional steady Navier-Stokes equations -- Numerical simulation of transition in a three-dimensional boundary layer -- A discrete vector potential method for unsteady 3-D Navier-Stokes equations -- | |
Interaction between structure and free surface fluid with large displacements by finite elements -- Computation of turbulent separated flow with an integral boundary layer method -- Numerical investigations of the structure of | |
three-dimensional confined wakes behind a circular cylinder -- On the cell-centre and cell-vertex approaches to the steady Euler equations and the use of shock fitting -- FDM-FEIN zonal approach for computations of compressible viscous | |
flows -- Numerical simulation of splash of droplet -- Energy absorbing boundary conditions for the Navier-Stokes equation -- Interaction of vortical flow regions -- Simulation of buffetting stall for a cambered Joukowski airfoil using | |
a fully implicit method -- Adaptive full-multigrid finite element methods for solving the two-dimensional euler equations -- Simulation of hypersonic viscous flows around a cone-delta-wing combination by an implicit method with | |
multigrid acceleration -- Viscous pressure wave boundary layer interaction -- Some nonstandard finite element methods for the numerical solution of viscous flow problems -- Exact solution of nonlinear difference equations for discrete | |
shock waves -- A cell-vertex multigrid scheme for solution of the Euler equations for transonic flow past a wing -- Numerical prediction of the aerodynamic behaviour of porous airfoils -- Finite element solution to the Euler equations | |
-- Multigrid solution of the compressible navier-stokes equations on a vector computer -- Using of an arbitrary coordinate for three-dimensional fluid dynamic problems -- On conservatism of difference schemes of gas dynamics -- A | |
numerical analysis of a nonlinear eigenvalue problem occurring in viscous oscillations of a supported drop -- Algebraic model of Large Eddy Simulation -- A three-dimensional incompressible flow solver -- Variable-elliptic-vortex method | |
for incompressible flow simulation -- Application of the fast adaptive composite grid method to computational fluid dynamics -- Merging of vortices with decaying cores and numerical solutions of Navier-Stokes equations -- Direct | |
simulation of shear flow turbulence in a plane channel by sixth order accurate method of lines with new sixth order accurate multi-grid poisson solver -- Solutions of the Navier Stokes equations using an efficient spectral method -- An | |
implicit flux-split algorithm for the compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations -- Numerical solution of transonic small disturbance pressure equation and its applications -- A new switch-scheme for convection-diffusion equations | |
-- Stability of semidiscrete approximations for hyperbolic initial-boundary-value problems: an Eigenvalue analysis -- 3-D and 2-D Solutions of the Quasi-Conservative Euler Equations -- An Unconditionally L? — stable method of | |
fractional steps for numerical solution of convective diffusion problems -- A hybrid upwind scheme for the computation of shock-on-shock interaction around blunt bodies -- Multiple laminar flows through curved pipes -- Numerical | |
experiments with a symmetric high-resolution shock-capturing scheme -- A design and test of a numerical coupled land-atmosphere-ocean model -- A mixed antidissipative method solving three dimensional separated flow -- Pointwise finite | |
element method and its applications to compressible flows -- Unsteady transonic flows around oscillating wings -- A Lagrangian-Eulerian particle model for turbulent two-phase flows with reacting particles -- Analysis of transonic wings | |
including viscous interaction | |
ISBN: | 9783540472339 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics: 264 |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Fluids , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1985-9789400954540:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Space Plasma Simulations Proceedings of the Second International School for Space Simulations, Kapaa, Hawaii, February 4–15, 1985 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1985 |
Size: | 1 online resource (560 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-009-5454-0 |
Contents: | 1 — Simulations -- Fundamentals of Plasma Simulation -- Electromagnetic Particle Simulation Codes -- Elimination of Electromagnetic Radiation in Plasma Simulation: The Darwin or Magnetoinductive Approximation -- Particle Simulation |
Models for Low Frequency Microinstabilities in a Magnetic Field -- Hybrid Simulation Codes with Application to Shocks and Upstream Waves -- Implicit Plasma Simulation -- Time-Implicit Simulation of Particle-Fluid Systems -- | |
Multidimensional Particle Codes: Their Capabilities and Limitations -- Wave-Particle Diagnostics for Plasma Simulation -- Particle Code Simulations with Injected Particles -- Optimizing Computational Efficiency and User Convenience in | |
Plasma Simulation Codes -- Fluid Modeling of Magnetized Plasmas -- Global Simulations Using MHD Codes: A Few Points to Consider Before You Try One -- The Future of Space Plasma Simulation -- 2 — Observations -- Plasmas in the Earth’s | |
Magnetotail -- Wave Observations in Outer Planet Magnetospheres -- The Menagerie of Geospace Plasma Waves -- Observations of Low Energy Magnetospheric Plasma Outside the Plasmasphere -- Field-Aligned (Birkeland) Currents -- Large | |
Electric Fields in the Magnetosphere -- Plasma Observations in the Auroral and Polar Cap Region -- Observations of Ion Cyclotron Waves Near Synchronous Orbit and on the Ground -- Dynamics of the Earth’s Ring Current: Theory and | |
Observation -- 3 — Theory -- Space Plasma Turbulent Dissipation: Reality or Myth? -- Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves -- Coherent Nonlinear Effects on Electromagnetic Wave-Particle Interactions -- Whistler Mode Propagation in the Earth | |
and Planetary Magnetospheres and Ray Tracing Techniques -- Coupling of Macroscopic and Small Scale Phenomena -- Global Energy Regulation in the Solar Wind-Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System -- Auroral Arc Formation: Kinetic and MHD | |
Effects -- Consequences of Hydromagnetic Waves on Magnetospheric Particle Dynamics -- Spectral Computation of Tandem Mirror Equilibria with Finite Larmor Radius Effects -- ISSS2 Participants and Contributors -- ISSS2 Supporting | |
Organizations -- Author Index -- Announcement | |
ISBN: | 9789400954540 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9789400960862:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Elements of hydrodynamic propulsion |
Author(s): |
J. A Sparenberg |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (281 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-009-6086-2 |
Contents: | 1. External force actions -- 1.1 Hydrodynamic forces on a moving body -- 1.2 Force actions and shed vorticity -- 1.3 External force fields and vorticity -- 1.4 Solution of linearized equation of motion -- 1.5 Vortex representation of |
solution -- 1.6 Singular force perpendicular to its velocity -- 1.7 Singular force in the direction of its velocity -- 1.8 Work done by external force field and moving body -- 1.9 Vorticity of a lifting surface, linearized theory -- | |
1.10 Bound vortex “ending” at a plate -- 1.11 Suction force at leading edge -- 2. The actuator surface -- 2.1 Linearized actuator surface theory -- 2.2 Actuator disk -- 2.3 Thrust deduction -- 2.4 Non linear actuator disk theory, 1 -- | |
2.5 Non linear actuator disk theory, 2 -- 2.6 Discussion of results and methods -- 3. The ship screw -- 3.1 The geometry of the ship screw -- 3.2 The screw blade with thickness and without load -- 3.3 The velocity field induced by | |
rotating force -- 3.4 Screw blade of zero thickness, prescribed load, 1 -- 3.5 Screw blade of zero thickness, prescribed load, 2 -- 3.6 Some additional remarks -- 4. Unsteady propulsion -- 4.1 Some types of unsteady propulsion -- 4.2 | |
Small amplitude propulsion, two dimensional -- 4.3 Solution of the Hilbert problem -- 4.4 Thrust and efficiency -- 4.5 Theoretical and experimental results -- 4.6 Elastically coupled profiles -- 4.7 The Voith-Schneider propeller -- 4.8 | |
Large amplitude unsteady propulsion, rigid profile -- 4.9 Some additional remarks -- 5. Optimization theory -- 5.1 Lifting surface system -- 5.2 Energy extraction out of a disturbed fluid -- 5.3 The variational problem for lifting | |
surface systems -- 5.4 Necessary condition for an optimum -- 5.5 Optimum wing in up- or downward flow -- 5.6 Classes of lifting surface systems, quality number -- 5.7 The ideal propeller -- 5.8 Comparison of the quality number of | |
optimum propellers by inspection -- 5.9 Energy extraction, translating rigid wing -- 5.10 Optimum energy extraction by rigid wing -- 6. Applications of optimization theory -- 6.1 Optimum screw propeller with endplates -- 6.2 Properties | |
of the potential -- 6.3 Circulation distribution, thrust -- 6.4 Efficiency and quality number -- 6.5 Numerical results -- 6.6 Optimization of the sails of a yacht -- 6.7 Numerical results -- 6.8 Optimum unsteady propulsion, large | |
amplitude, two dimensional -- 6.9 Angles of incidence, large amplitude, two dimensional -- 6.10 Optimum large amplitude unsteady propulsion, finite span -- 6.11 On the optimum Voith-Schneider propeller -- 6.12 On the optimum large hub | |
propeller -- 7. On the existence of optimum propellers -- 7.1 Small amplitude flexible profile -- 7.2 Nonexistence of optimum added motion -- 7.3 Large amplitude rigid profile -- 7.4 The wagging motion -- 7.5 Nonexistence of optimum | |
base motion -- 7.6 Small amplitude heaving motion -- 7.7 The optimization problem -- 7.8 Existence of optimum added motion -- 7.9 Large amplitude propulsion flexible profile -- Appendices -- A. The Hilbert problem -- A.1 The formulas | |
of Plemelj -- A.2 The Hilbert problem for an arc -- A.3 Singular integral equations -- B. Curvilinear coordinates -- B.1 Tensor representation of some operators -- B.2 Two applications -- References | |
ISBN: | 9789400960862 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Mechanics of fluids and transport processes: 3 |
Keywords: | Physics , Continuum physics , Mechanics , Physics , Mechanics , Classical Continuum Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9783663068204:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photoacoustic Effect Principles and Applications Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Photoacoustic Effect in Germany |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (442 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-663-06820-4 |
Contents: | 1. Basic Principles -- Photoacoustic Effect in Condensed Matter — Historical Development -- Opto-Acoustic Spectroscopy — A Tool for the Study of Optical Spectra of very Transparent Materials -- Thermodynamic Models of the |
Photoacoustic Effect -- Frequency Dependent Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter -- Photoacoustic Spectroscopies -- Comparison Between Photoacoustic and Other Spectroscopies -- Generation of Acoustic Waves in Liquids by | |
Pulsed Lasers -- Piezoelectric Detection in Photoacoustic Spectroscopy. Theory and Application -- Photothermal Radiometry -- 2. Spectroscopic Applications -- Applications of Resonant Photoacoustic Spectroscopy -- Photoacoustic Fourier | |
Transform Spectroscopy for the Visible and the Near Infrared -- Photoacoustic Spectra of Biliverdin Dimethyl Ester -- Quantitative Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Phenolred Potassium Salt in Polyvinalalcohol -- In Situ Photoacoustic | |
Spectroscopy of Copper Electrodes in Solution -- 3. Photoacoustic Detection and Monitoring -- Optoacoustic Relaxation of Periodically Irradiated Solutions -- Photoacoustic Analysis of Chemical Reactions: H-D Exchange in the System | |
H2S-D2S -- PA-Method Monitors Exhaust Gas Concentrations -- Application of PAS on the Local and Spectral Identification of Adsorbed Molecules -- 4. Thermal Applications -- Optical Absorption Coefficient and Thermal Properties of | |
Liquids, Measured by Photoacoustic Spectroscopy -- The Photoacoustic Effect at Phase Transitions -- Photocalorimetric Investigations of Energy Conversion Processes Using Photoacoustic Detection -- Relative Efficiency of Flat Plate | |
Solar Collectors by Transmission Photoacoustics Importance of Plate Vibrations in Signal Generation -- 5. Photochemistry -- The Photocycles of Bacteriorhodopsin in Buffered Aqueous Suspension Studied at Low Temperatures by Means of | |
Photoacoustic Spectroscopy -- Photochemistry of Adsorbed Thioindigo Dyes -- Photoisomerisation of DODCI Studied by Photoacoustic Spectroscopy -- 6. Nondestructive Testing -- Optoacoustic and Photothermal Imaging and Microscopy -- 7. | |
Magnetic Resonance -- EPR of CuS C4·5H2O and Fe(III)-TPP Detected by the Photoacoustic Effect -- Acoustic Detection of Magnetic Resonance -- Applications of the Photoacoustic Effect to Ferromagnetic Resonance and Electron Paramagnetic | |
Resonance -- 8. Instrumentation -- Instrumentation for Photoacoustic Spectroscopy and Calorimetry of Liquids and Solids -- Photoacoustic Cell for Low Temperature PAS -- Photoacoustic Cells for Measurements at Various Temperatures and | |
Pressures — Design and Characterisation -- Self-Supporting Carbon Glass Films: A PAS Reference Sample -- A Photoacoustic Demonstration Experiment: Cheap and Easy | |
ISBN: | 9783663068204 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Acoustics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Acoustics , Optical and Electronic Materials |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9783540391302:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Computing in Accelerator Design and Operation Proceedings of the Europhysics Conference Held at the Hahn-Meitner-Institut für Kernforschung Berlin GmbH Berlin, Germany, September 20–23,1983 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (578 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/3-540-13909-5 |
Contents: | Future high energy accelerators -- Beam optics and dynamics -- Design of r.f. cavities -- Computer aided magnet design -- Beam instabilities and computer simulations -- Calculation of polarization effects -- Particle tracking in |
accelerators with higher order multipole fields -- Programs for designing the accelerating cavities for linear accelerators -- The MAGMI program for double pass electron linear accelerators -- A fortran program (RELAX3D) to solve the 3 | |
dimensional poisson (Laplace) equation -- Calculation of three dimensional electric fields by successive over-relaxation in the central region of a cyclotron -- The design of the accelerating cavity for SuSe with the aid of the | |
three-dimensional cavity calculation program CAV3D -- The further development of the calculation of the three dimensional electric field in the central region of the INR cyclotron -- Particle tracking using lie algebraic methods -- | |
Numerical investigation of bunch-merging in a heavy-ion-synchrotron -- Nonlinear aspects of Landau damping in computer simulation of the microwave instability -- The transport theory of particle beam-congregation in six-dimensional | |
phase space -- The MAD program -- Analogue computer display of accelerator beam optics -- A Monte Carlo beam transport program, REVMOC -- Multiparticle codes developed at GANIL -- MIRKO — an interactive program for beam lines and | |
synchrotrons -- Aperture studies of the BNL colliding beam accelerator with reduced superperiodicity -- The study of misalignmental characteristics of beam optical components of HI-13 tandem -- Calculations for the design and | |
modification of the 2 cyclotrons of S.A.R.A. -- Magnetic field optimization and beam dynamics calculations for SuSe -- ‘DFLKTR’ the code for designing the electrostatic extraction system for cyclotrons -- RFQ design considerations -- | |
Effects of higher order multipole fields on high current RFQ accelerator design -- Versatile codes and effective method for orbit programming with actually existing first harmonics in cyclotron -- Calculations of the heavy ion saclay | |
tandem post accelerator beams -- Electron injector computer simulations -- Numerical simulations of orbit correction in large electron rings -- Simulation of polarization correction schemes in e+e? storage rings -- Computation of | |
electron spin polarisation in storage rings -- Archsim: A proton synchrotron tracking program including longitudinal space charge -- A method for distinguishing chaotic from quasi-periodic motions in orbit tracking programs -- PATH — a | |
lumped-element beam-transport simulation program with space charge -- Workshop no. 1. Computer programs for lattice calculations -- Digital control of accelerators — the first ten years -- Distributed digital control of accelerators -- | |
Centralized digital control of accelerators -- Concurrent control of interacting accelerators with particle beams of varying format and kind -- Integrated control and data acquisition of experimental facilities -- Software engineering | |
tools -- Centralization and decentralization in the TRIUMF Control System -- The Fermilab Accelerator Controls System -- The control system for the daresbury synchrotron radiation source -- The microprocessor-based control system for | |
the Milan superconducting cyclotron -- The ELSA control system hardware -- Computer control system of polarized ion source and beam transport line at KEK -- Computer control system of TRISTAN -- The system for process control and data | |
analysis based on microcomputer and CAMAC equipment in the LAE 13/9 linear electron accelerator -- Some features of the computer control system for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory -- Design | |
criteria for the operation of accelerators under computer control -- Computer aided control of the bonn penning polarized ion source -- Treatment and display of transient signals in the CERN antiproton accumulator -- Fast CAMAC-based | |
sampling digitizers and digital filters for beam diagnostics and control in the CERN PS complex -- Automated cyclotron magnetic field measurement at the University of Manitoba -- On the problem of magnet ramping -- High level control | |
programs at NSLS -- The minicomputer network for control of the dedicated synchrotron radiation storage ring BESSY -- The electronic interface for control of the dedicated synchrotron radiation storage ring BESSY -- to computing for | |
accelerator operation -- Man-machine interface versus full automation -- Models and simulations -- Operations and communications within the Daresbury nuclear structure facility control system -- Consoles and displays for accelerator | |
operation -- Operator interface to the oric control system -- Computer aided setting up of VICKSI -- GANIL beam setting methods using on-line computer codes -- A multi-processor, multi-task control structure for the CERN SPS -- | |
Computer codes for automatic tuning of the beam transport at the Unilac -- Interactive testprogram for ion optics -- Numerical orbit calculation for a linac and improvement of its transmission efficiency of a beam -- The computerized | |
beam phase measurement system at GANIL its applications to the automatic isochronization in the Separated Sector Cyclotrons (SSC) and other main tuning procedures -- On-line optimization code used at Saturne -- Automatic supervision | |
for Saturne -- A local computer network for the experimental data acquisition at BESSY -- Closing remarks | |
ISBN: | 9783540391302 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Physics: 215 |
Keywords: | Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9781475703870:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Flows of Energy and Materials in Marine Ecosystems Theory and Practice |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (744 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4757-0387-0 |
Contents: | One — Invited Papers -- The Importance of Measuring Fluxes in Marine Ecosystems -- Community Measures of Marine Food Networks and their Possible Applications -- Thermodynamics of the Pelagic Ecosystem: Elementary Closure Conditions |
for Biological Production in the Open Ocean -- The Structure of Aquatic Ecosystems and its Dependency on Environmental Conditions -- Eutrophication of a Coastal Marine Ecosystem — An Experimental Study Using the MERL Microcosms -- | |
Oceanic Nutrient Cycles -- State-of-the-Art in the Measurement of Primary Production -- Functional Types of Marine Planktonic Primary Producers and their Relative Significance in the Food Web -- Measuring the Metabolism of the Benthic | |
Ecosystem -- The Measurement of the Enthalpy of Metabolism of Marine Organisms -- Bacterial Production in the Marine Food Chain: The Emperor’s New Suit of Clothes? -- Suspended Marine Bacteria as a Food Source -- The Biological Role of | |
Detritus in the Marine Environment -- The Cycling of Organic Matter by Bacterioplankton in Pelagic Marine Ecosystems: Microenvironmental Considerations -- An Overview of Secondary Production in Pelagic Ecosystems -- The Quantitative | |
Significance of Gelatinous Zooplankton as Pelagic Consumers -- Fish Production in Open Ocean Ecosystems -- Ecological Efficiency and Activity Metabolism -- Detrital Organic Fluxes Through Pelagic Ecosystems -- The Supply of Food to the | |
Benthos -- Coupling the Sub-Systems — the Baltic Sea as a Case Study -- On the Relation of Primary Production to Grazing during the Fladen Ground Experiment 1976 -- Two — Working Group Reports -- Studies on Marine Autotrophs: | |
Recommendations for the 1980s -- Respiration -- Nutrient Cycling in Estuarine and Coastal Marine Ecosystems -- Excretion and Mineralisation Processes in the Open Sea -- Herbivory -- Detritivory -- Carnivory -- The Role of Free Bacteria | |
and Bactivory -- Participants | |
ISBN: | 9781475703870 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO Conference Series : 13 |
Keywords: | Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9781461395058:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A First Course in the Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics |
Author(s): |
David R Owen |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (134 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4613-9505-8 |
Contents: | I Classical Thermodynamicsl -- 1. Homogeneous Fluid Bodies -- 2. The First Law Energy -- 3. The Second Law Entropy -- 4. A General Efficiency Estimate -- II Systems with Perfect Accessibility -- 1. Definition and Example -- 2. Actions |
-- III A Modern Treatment of the First Law -- 1. Thermodynamical Systems (1) and the First Law -- 2. Products of Systems and Preservation of the First Law -- 3. The First Law and Joule’s Relation -- IV A Modern Treatment of the Second | |
Law -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Hotness Levels and Temperature Scales -- 3. The Accumulation Function for an Ideal Gas -- 4. Thermodynamical Systems (2) and the Second Law -- 5. Products of Systems and Preservation of the Second Law -- 6. | |
The Second Law and the Accumulation Inequality -- 7. Estimates for Heat Absorbed and Heat Emitted -- V Energy and Entropy for Thermodynamical Systems -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Actions with the Clausius Property -- 3. Actions with the | |
Conservation Property -- 4. Actions with the Dissipation Property -- VI Isothermal Processes of Homogeneous Filaments -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Elastic Filaments -- 3. Viscous Filaments -- 4. Elastic-Perfectly Plastic Filaments -- 5. | |
Phase Transitions in Elastic and Viscous Filaments -- VII Homogeneous Bodies with Viscosity -- 1. Bodies with Viscosity as Thermodynamical Systems -- 2. Consequences of the First Law -- 3. Consequences of the Second Law -- Comments and | |
Suggestions for Further Reading -- Problems | |
ISBN: | 9781461395058 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1981-9783642682476:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Insulating Films on Semiconductors Proceedings of the Second International Conference, INFOS 81, Erlangen, Fed. Rep. of Germany, April 27–29, 1981 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1981 |
Size: | 1 online resource (318 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-68247-6 |
Contents: | I Si-SiO2 Interface -- Electronic Structure of the Si-SiO2 Interface -- Morphology of the Si-SiO2 Interface -- Influence of Oxidation Parameters on Atomic Roughness at the Si-SiO2 Interface -- Electronic and Optical Properties of SiOX |
-- Hydrogenation of Defects at the Si-SiO2 Interface -- Stress Behaviour of Hydrogen Annealed Interface States -- On the Si/SiO2 Interface Recombination Velocity -- Optical Excitation of MOS-Interface-States -- II Thin Insulating Films | |
-- Langmuir-Blodgett Films on Semiconductors -- A Study of MIS Structures Prepared Under U1tra-High-Vacuum Conditions -- Electrical Properties of Ultrathin Oxide Layers Formed by DC Plasma Anodization -- Influence of Different | |
Technologies of Metal Deposition and of Oxide Growth on the Electronic Properties of MIS Tunnel Diodes -- Photoelectric Methods as a Tool for the Analysis of Current Flow Mechanism in MIS Tunnel Diodes -- III Charge Injection Into | |
Insulators -- Charge Injection Into Wide Energy Band-Gap Insulators -- Oxide and Interface Charge Generation by Electron Injection in MOS Devices -- Trapping Characteristics in SiO2 -- Interface Effects in Avalanche Injection of | |
Electrons into Silicon Dioxide -- Interface State and Charge Generation by Electron Tunneling into Thin Layers of SiO2 -- Modelling of Flat-Band Voltage Shift During Avalanche Injection on MOS Capacitors -- Influence of Electron-Phonon | |
Scattering on Photoinjection Into SiO2 -- IV Multilayer Structures -- Charge Loss in MANOS Memory Structures -- Surface-State Density Evaluation Problems in MNOS Structures -- Dye-Sensitized Photodischarge of Metal-Dye-Oxide-Silicon | |
(MDOS) and Metal-Dye-Nitride-Oxide-Silicon (MDNOS) Capacitors -- V Interface Characterization Techniques -- EPR on MOS Interface States -- The Non-Equilibrium Linear Voltage Ramp Technique as a Diagnostic Tool for the MOS Structure -- | |
MOS Characterization by Phase Shift Impedance Technique -- Si/SiO2 Properties Investigated by the CC-DLTS Method -- Study of Ellipsometry: The Computation of Ellipsometric Parameters in a Nonuniform Film on Solid Substrate -- VI | |
Breakdown and Instability of the SiO2-Si System -- Breakdown and Wearout Phenomena in SiO2 -- Hydrogen-Sodium Interactions in Pd-MOS Devices -- Electrical Behaviour of Hydrogen Ions in SiO2 Films on Silicon -- Chlorine Implantation in | |
Thermal SiO2 -- VII Technology -- Deposition Technology of Insulating Films -- Very High Charge Densities in Silicon Nitride Films on Silicon for Inversion Layer Solar Cells -- Silicon Nitride Layers Grown by Plasma Enhanced Thermal | |
Nitridation -- Buried Oxide Layers Formed by Oxygen Implantation for Potential Use in Dielectrically Isolated ICs -- VIII Laser Processing -- Properties of Patterned and CW Laser-Crystallized Silicon Films on Amorphous Substrates -- | |
SiO2 Interface Degradation and Minority Carrier Lifetime Effects of Laser Beam Processing -- Laser-Induced Crystallization in Ge Films and Multilayered Al-Sb Films -- IX Transport Properties in Inversion Layers -- Subband Physics with | |
Real Interfaces -- Transport Properties of Carriers at Oxide-Hg1?xCdx Te Interface -- Role of Interface States in Electron Scattering at Low Temperatures -- Neutral Scattering Centers Near the Si/SiO2-Interface of MOSFET Devices | |
Prepared by TCE Oxidation -- X Films on Compound Semiconductors -- Native Oxide Reactions on III-V Compound Semiconductors -- MISFET and MIS Diode Behaviour of Some Insulator-InP Systems -- Plasma Anodised Alumina Films in GaAs and InP | |
MIS Structures -- Composition Changes During Oxidation of AIIIBV Surfaces -- RF-Sputtering of Silicon Nitride Layers on GaAs Substrates: Characterization of an Intermediate Layer Between the Substrate and the Deposited Film -- Surface | |
Analytical and Capacitance-Voltage Characterization of Anodic Oxide Films on Hg0.8Cd0.2Te -- Surface and In-Depth Analysis of Anodic Oxide-Layers on Cd0.2Hg0.8Te -- Impact of Insulator Charge Trapping on I.R.C.I.D. Transfer Efficiency | |
-- Index of Contributors | |
ISBN: | 9783642682476 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Electrophysics: 7 |
Keywords: | Materials science , Materials , Thin films , Materials Science , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1981-9781461592334:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photovoltaic and Photoelectrochemical Solar Energy Conversion |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1981 |
Size: | 1 online resource (422 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-9233-4 |
Contents: | Recombination in Solar Cells: Theoretical Aspects -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Conventions Usually Made for p-n Junctions and Solar Cells -- 3. Three Laws of Photovoltaics -- 4. Maximum Power, Recombination and the Ideality Factor -- 5. |
Junction Currents as Recombination Currents -- 6. Steady-State Recombination Rates at a Given Plane X -- 7. Junction Model and Space-Dependences -- 8. Transition Region Recombination Current Density -- 9. The Bulk-Regions Recombination | |
Current Density -- 10. Summery of p-n Junction Current Densities from Sections 8 and 9 -- 11. Configuration and Electrostatics of the Schottky Barrier Solar Cell -- 12. The Place of Recombination Effects in (p-type) Schottky Barrier | |
Solar Cells -- 13. Recombination Currents and Voltage Drops in (p-type) Schottky Barrier Solar Cells -- 14. Conclusion -- A Few More General Topics -- (I) Thermodynamic Efficiency -- (II) Simple Theory to See that an Optimum Energy Gap | |
Exists -- (III) Is Dollars per Peak Watt a Good Unit? -- (IV) Energy Unit for Global Use -- (V) When will Solar Conversion be Economically Viable? -- References -- Schottky Barrier Solar Cells -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Schottky | |
Barrier Cell Principle -- 3. Solar Cell Parameters and Design Considerations -- 4. Results and Discussion of Typical Silicon MIS Cells -- Acknowledgement -- References -- CdS-Cux S Thin Film Solar Cells -- 1. Introduction -- 2. CdS | |
Thin Film Technology -- 3. CuxS Thin Film Technology -- 4. Properties of the CdS Layer -- 5. Properties of CuxS Films -- 6. Properties of the Heterojunction -- 7. Technology of CdS-CuxS Photovoltaic Generators -- 8. Performance | |
Characteristics of Solar Cells and Generators -- References -- Conversion of Solar Energy Using Tandem Photovoltaic Cells Made from Multi-Element Semiconductors -- I. Introduction -- II. Increasing Efficiency by Recourse to Tandem PV | |
Cell Systems -- III. Design of an Optimized Solar Cell Structure for Tandem Cell Systems -- IV. Selection of Semiconductors for Tandem Solar Cell Systems -- V. Optimized Design of Direct Gap Photovoltaic Cells -- VI. Monolothic and | |
Split Spectrum Tandem Cell Systems -- VII. Synthesis and Properties of Ternary Alloy Chalcopyrite Semiconductors -- VIII. Thin Films of CuInSe2 and Solar Cells Made from Them -- IX. Summary and Conclusions -- References -- The | |
Principles of Photoelectrochemical Energy Conversion -- I. Sunlight Conversion into Chemical Energy -- II. Fundamentals of Semiconductor Electrochemistry -- III. The Semiconductor Electrolyte Contact under Illumination and | |
Photodecomposition Reactions -- IV. Photoelectrochemical Cells and their Problems -- Photoelectrochemical Devices for Solar Energy Conversion -- General Discussion of Photoelectrochemical Devices -- Acknowledgement -- References -- The | |
Iron Thionine Photogalvanic Cell -- Homogeneous Kinetics -- Electrode Selectivity -- The Efficiencies of Photogalvanic Cells -- Final Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Charge Separation and Redox Catalysis in Solar Energy | |
Conversion Processes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Design of Photoredox Reactions for Photodissociation of Water -- 3. Stabilization of Redox Intermediates through the Use of Multiphase Systems -- 4. Redox Catalysis -- 5. | |
Photoelectrochemical Cells Based on Redox Reactions -- References -- Author Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461592334 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series B. Physics: 69 |
Keywords: | Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1980-9781468438901:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Primary Productivity in the Sea |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1980 |
Size: | 1 online resource (532 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4684-3890-1 |
Contents: | Session I. Reviews of Primary Productivity -- On the Algae: Thoughts about Physiology and Measurements of Efficiency -- Phytoplankton Growth in the Sea — A Coalescence of Disciplines -- Session II. Energy Transfer: Light Harvesting |
and Utilization -- Algal Pigment Systems -- The Distribution of Absorbed Light Energy for Algal Photosynthesis -- Light Utilization Efficiency in Natural Phytoplankton Communities -- Light-Shade Adaptation in Marine Phytoplankton -- | |
Vertical Mixing and Primary Production -- Session III. Material Transfer: Nutrient Assimilation -- Paths of Carbon Assimilation in Marine Phytoplankton -- Review of Estimates of Algal Growth Using 14C Tracer Techniques -- Physiological | |
Processes, Nutrient Availability, and the Concept of Relative Growth Rate in Marine Phytoplankton Ecology -- Nitrogen Uptake and Assimilation by Marine Phytoplankton -- Session IV. Growth Rates -- Multiple Isotopic Tracer Methods in | |
the Study of Growth, Dynamics, and Metabolic Processes in Marine Ecosystems -- Estimating Phytoplankton Growth Rates in the Central Oligotrophic Oceans -- Modeling Phytoplankton Carbon Metabolism -- Temperature Adaptation in | |
Phytoplankton: Cellular and Photosynthetic Characteristics -- The Phasing and Distribution of Cell Division Cycles in Marine Diatoms -- Session V. Primary Productivity in the Sea -- Size-Fractionated Primary Productivity of Marine | |
Phytoplankton -- Remote Sensing of Oceanic Phytoplankton: Present Capabilities and Future Goals -- Modeling Primary Production -- Productivity of Seaweeds: The Potential and the Reality -- Productivity of Zooxanthellae -- Primary | |
Productivity in the Sea: Reef Corals in Situ -- Session VI. Material Recycling -- Respiration and Photorespiration in Marine Algae -- Nutrient Regeneration and Primary Production in the Sea -- General Rules of Grazing in Pelagic | |
Ecosystems -- Carbon Cycling in the Ocean -- Concluding Remarks: Marine Photosynthesis and the Global Carbon Cycle -- Abstracts of Poster Presentations -- Participants in the Symposium -- Previous Brookhaven Symposia in Biology -- | |
Index of Speakers | |
ISBN: | 9781468438901 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Environmental Science Research : 19 |
Keywords: | Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1980-9781468410488:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Megagauss Physics and Technology |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1980 |
Size: | 1 online resource (684 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4684-1048-8 |
Contents: | Experimental Techniques in Ultrahigh Magnetic Field Generation -- Pulsed Magnetic Field Generators and Their Practical Applications -- Production and Measurements of Megagauss Magnetic Fields in Single-Turn Coils -- Measurement of |
Pulsed Magnetic Fields Produced by Flux Compression, in Imploding Liners -- TOFS-A Timing Optical Fiber System -- Test Bench for Operation with Great Explosive Charges Under Laboratory Conditions -- Conductors and Insulators at High | |
Energy Densities and Speeds -- High-Energy Electric Pulse Generation by Cumulative Explosion -- Explosive Plasma Source Experiment -- Electrophysical Properties of Detonation Products of Condensed Explosives -- Xenon Shock Waves Driven | |
by High Magnetic Fields -- Extinguishing of the Electric Arc Compressed by Shock Waves -- Design and Analysis of Isentropic Compression Experiments -- Effects of Metallurgical Microstructure of Armatures on Compressed Magnetic Field | |
Generators -- Shock-Induced Electrical Switching in Polymeric Films -- Generation of Ultrahigh Magnetic Fields by Small-Scale Single-Shot Experiments -- Modeling of Magnetodynamic Systems -- Small Helical Flux Compression Amplifiers -- | |
Energy Capabilities and Magnetic Flux Losses in “Bellows”-Type Explosive Generators -- COMAG-III: A 2-D MHD Code for Helical CMF Generators -- Numerical Studies of Helical CMF Generators -- MHD Phenomena at High Magnetic Reynolds | |
Number -- Plasma Crowbars in Cylindrical Flux Compression Experiments -- Magnetic Flux Compression by Expanding Plasma Armatures -- An Equivalent Circuit Model for a Solenoidal Compressed Magnetic Field Generator -- A Finite-Element | |
Model of Compressed Magnetic Field Generators -- Advanced Pulsed Power Topics -- Pulse Transformer Operation in Megagauss Fields -- Magnetic Propulsion for a Hypervelocity Launcher -- Magnetic Propulsion Railguns: Their Design and | |
Capabilities -- Shiva X-Ray Source Experiments -- Numerical Simulation of the Effects of an Injected BZ Field on an Imploding Hollow Plasma Liner -- Inductively Driven Imploding Plasma System for X-Ray Generation -- A Very Fast | |
Electromagnetically Operated Circuit Breaker -- Fast Opening Switches Carrying Multimegampere Currents -- Imploding Liner Systems for Fusion -- Review of the NRL Liner Implosion Program -- On Efficiency of Two-Step Energy | |
Transformation in a System with Inductive Storage for MCG Magnetic Field Production -- Results from the Los Alamos Fast Liner Experiment -- Liner Thermonuclear Systems with Superhigh Magnetic Field and ? > 1 -- Adiabatic Compression of | |
3-D Plasma Magnetic Field Configuration -- Numerical Simulation of Dynamics of Quasispherical Metallic Liner -- A Conceptual Design for an Imploding-Liner Fusion Reactor -- Stabilization Concepts of Imploding Liquid Metal Liner -- | |
Modeling of LINUS-Type Stabilized Liner Implosions -- Megagauss Field Generation -- Megagauss Fields Produced with Small Explosive Charges -- Investigation of Capabilities of Magneto-Cumulative Megagauss Magnetic Field Generation -- | |
Production of Megagauss Fields by Compression of Magnetic Flux by a Metallic Liner -- Megagauss Magnetic Field Production in Small Volumes -- On a Novel Scheme for the Generation of Megagauss Fields -- Superhigh Magnetic Field | |
Generation by a Cumulating Liner and Magnetopressed Discharge -- Experimental and Computational Study of Axial Magnetic Field Compression by Cylindrical Plasma Liners -- Applications of Ultrahigh Magnetic Field Techniques -- Abstract | |
of Report of the Panel on High Magnetic Field Research and Facilities -- Design, Performance and Use of a Near Megagauss Pulsed Machine -- Experimental Research on Explosive-Driven Magnetic Generator Performance with | |
Resistive-Inductive Load -- Megagauss Fields and Current Pattern in Focussed Discharges -- Application of Strong Magnetic Fields for the Acceleration of Charged Particles -- Magnetocumulative Generator Systems -- Magnetic Cumulation | |
Generator Parameters and Means to Improve Them -- A Multiwire Helical Magnetic Cumulation Generator -- Formation and Transmission of Magnetic Cumulation Generators Electromagnetic Energy Pulses -- Transformer Energy Output Magnetic | |
Cumulation Generators -- Reproducible Generation of Multimegagauss Magnetic Fields -- High Inductance Explosive Magnetic Generators with High Energy Multiplication -- Generation of the Magnetic Flux by Multicascade Capture -- Ultimate | |
Capacities of Transformer Method of Energy Transfer from Explosive Magnetic Generator to Inductive Load -- Study of Basic Regularities of Formation of Multi-MA-Current Pulses with Short Risetime by EMG Circuit Interruption -- Addresses | |
of Author Organizations -- Author Index | |
ISBN: | 9781468410488 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1980-9781461394440:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Tragicomical History of Thermodynamics, 1822–1854 |
Author(s): |
Clifford Ambrose Truesdell |
Date: | 1980 |
Size: | 1 online resource (372 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4613-9444-0 |
Contents: | 1. The Producer’s Apology to the Spectators -- Notation -- Symbols Frequently Used -- 2. The Common Inheritance -- 2A The Thermal Equation of State -- 2B The Theory of Sound in Aeriform Fluids -- 2C The Doctrine of Latent and Specific |
Heats -- 3. Prologue: Laplace, Biot, and Poisson -- 3A Biot, and Poisson’s First Attempt -- 3B Critique of Biot’s Theory -- 3C Laplace’s Theory of Sound and Heat -- 3D Poisson’s Second Treatment -- 3E Meikle’s Claim -- 3F Critique of | |
Laplace’s and Poisson’s Theories. Correction of Meikle’s Claim -- 4. Act I. Workless Dissipation: Fourier -- 4A Fourier’s Predecessor: Biot -- 4B Fourier’s Program -- 4C Fourier’s Premisses Regarding Specific Heat and Temperature -- 4D | |
Critique of Fourier’s Premisses -- 4E Fourier’s Concept of the Flux of Heat, and his General Differential Equation and Boundary Condition -- 4F Critique of Fourier’s Concepts and Methods -- 4G Fourier’s Theory of the Conduction of Heat | |
in Fluids -- 4H Critique of Fourier’s Theory of the Conduction of Heat in Fluids -- 4I Fourier’s Bequest -- 5. Act II. Dissipationless Work: Carnot -- 5A The General Quality of Carnot’s Treatise -- 5B Standard Concepts and Assumptions | |
Used by Carnot -- 5C The Carnot Cycle -- 5D Carnot’s Claim that Carnot Cycles Attain Maximum Efficiency -- 5E Formal Statement and Critique of Carnot’s Claim of Maximum Efficiency -- 5F Carnot’s Claim that the Efficiency of Carnot | |
Cycles is Universal -- 5G Formal Statement and Elucidation of Carnot’s Claim of Universal Efficiency -- 5H Critique of Carnot’s Argument to Support Universal Efficiency -- 5I Carnot’s General and Special Axioms -- 5J Critique of | |
Carnot’s General and Special Axioms. Scholia I-III. “Carnot’s function” -- 5K Carnot’s Treatment of his Cycle -- 5L Critique of Carnot’s Treatment of his Cycle. Scholion IV -- 5M Critique: Interconvertibility of Heat and Work as | |
Implied by Carnot’s Theory. Proof that Carnot’s Cycles are Indeed the Most Efficient -- 5N Critique: Dimensional Invariance of Carnot’s Theory -- 5O Carnot’s Numerical Evaluation of the Motive Power of Heat -- 5P Critique of Carnot’s | |
Numerical Evaluation of the Motive Power of Heat -- 5Q Carnot’s Theory of Specific Heats -- 5R Critique of Carnot’s Theory of Specific Heats -- 5S Carnot’s Attempts to Determine his Function F -- 5T Critique: Carnot’s Dilemma -- 5U | |
Carnot’s Bequest -- 6. Distracting Interlude: Clapeyron and Duhamel -- 6A Confusion by Awkward Variables: Clapeyron -- 6B Confusion by Linearizing Everything: Duhamel -- 7. Act III. Equivalence, Conservation, Interconvertibility: When | |
and of What? -- 7A Critique: What Did Janus See in 1842? -- 7B Mayer’s Assertion -- 7C Preliminary Critique of Mayer’s Assertion -- 7D Holtzmann’s Assertion -- 7E Preliminary Critique of Holtzmann’s Assertion -- 7F Helmholtz’s Weakest | |
Work -- 7G Joule’s Summary of his Early Experiments -- 7H The Bittersweet Indian Summer of the Caloric Theory: Kelvin’s First Paper -- 7I General Critique: Interconvertibility in 1849 -- 8. Act IV. Internal Energy: The First Paper of | |
Clausius. Entropy: The First Paper of Rankine -- 8A Clausius’ Physical Concepts and Assumptions -- 8B Logical Content of Clausius’ First Paper -- 8C Critique: The Achievement of Clausius’ First Paper -- 8D Critique of Clausius’ | |
Reasoning -- 8E Clausius’ Comparisons with Experimental Data -- 8F Critique: Clausius’ Bequest -- 8G Rankine’s First Paper -- 8H Critique of Rankine’s First Paper -- 9. Distracting Interlude: Explosion of Print -- 9A Rankine’s Second | |
Paper -- 9B A Late Re-entrance, Stumbling: Kelvin’s Second Paper -- 9C A Voice Crying in the Wilderness: Reech’s Return to First Principles -- 9D Kelvin’s Analysis of the Joule-Thomson Effect and Subsidiary Details -- Appendix by C.-S. | |
Man: The Joule-Thomson Experiment -- 9E Rankine’s Further Effusions -- 9F Kelvin’s Analysis of the “Anomalous” Behavior of Water -- 9G General Critique: The Disastrous Effects of Experiment upon the Development of Thermodynamics, | |
1812–1853 -- 10. Schismatic Act V. Antiplot in a Dark and Empty Theatre: Reech’s Discovery of a Too General Theory, and his Failure to Reduce It -- 10A Reech Discovers the Pro-entropy -- 10B Reech Generalizes the Internal Energy -- 10C | |
Reech Introduces and Analyses the Thermodynamic Potentials -- 10D Reech’s General Theory of Specific Heats -- 10E Critique: the Fatal Failure of Reech’s Analysis -- Appendix: The Later Work of Reech -- Postscript on maximum efficiency | |
-- 11. Orthodox Act V. Clausius’ Second Paper: Absolute Temperatures, Irreversibility, and Oracling -- 11A Kelvin’s Remarks on Dissipation -- 11B Kelvin’s Absolute Temperatures -- 11C Clausius’Two “Laws” of Thermodynamics -- 11D | |
Clausius’ Equivalence-Value of a Transformation -- 11E Clausius’ Application to the Doctrine of Latent and Specific Heats -- 11F Clausius’Remarks on Irreversible Processes -- 11G Clausius’ Determination of His Universal Function T -- | |
11H Critique: Empirical and Absolute Temperatures -- 11I Critique: Clausius’”Laws” of Thermodynamics -- 11J Critique: Irreversible Processes -- Epilogue: Götterdämmerung -- Sources -- Index of Persons Mentioned -- Index of Matters | |
Treated | |
ISBN: | 9781461394440 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences: 4 |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematics , Thermodynamics , Physics , Thermodynamics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Mathematics, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1977-9783642810770:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Concepts and Logic of Classical Thermodynamics as a Theory of Heat Engines Rigorously Constructed upon the Foundation Laid by S. Carnot and F. Reech |
Author(s): |
Clifford Ambrose Truesdell |
Date: | 1977 |
Size: | 1 online resource (154 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-81077-0 |
Contents: | I. Calorimetry -- 1 Notations. Constitutive Domain. Heat and Work. Processes. Paths. Cycles -- 2 Thermal Equation of State. Examples. First Reversal Theorem -- 3 The Doctrine of Latent and Specific Heats. Second Reversal Theorem. |
Fundamental Theorem of Calorimetry -- 4 Adiabatic Processes. Laplace’s Theorem -- 5 Examples -- 6 Emission-Absorption Estimates -- II. Carnot’s General Axiom -- 7 Carnot Processes. Carnot Cycles and Webs. Lemmas regarding Heat and Work | |
for Cycles in a Carnot Web -- 8 Carnot’s General Axiom. Local Theory: Reech’s First Theorem, First Principal Lemma -- 9 Basic Constitutive Restrictions in a Thermodynamic Part and in the Normal Set. Pro-Entropy and Internal Pro-Energy | |
-- 10 Cyclic Processes in ?th and ?th. C-Processes. Efficiency Theorem and Emission-Absorption Theorem for C-Processes. Completeness Theorems -- 11 Properties of Ideal Gases and Van der Waals Fluids -- 12 Relation of Motors to | |
Refrigerators -- 13 Estimates of the Efficiency of a Body undergoing a Cyclic Process -- 14 The Fourth Theorem of Reech: Existence of Four Thermodynamic Potentials -- III. Universal Efficiency Of Ordinary Carnot Cycles -- 15 Universal | |
Efficiency of Ordinary Carnot Cycles Compatible with the Existence of an Ideal Gas with Constant Specific Heats. Proof of the “First Law” and “Second Law” of Thermodynamics -- 16 Invariance of the Carnot Function under Change of the | |
Unit of Temperature. Alternative to Axiom V -- Epilogue -- 17 Axioms for Energy and Entropy -- Index of frequently used symbols -- Index of frequently used terms -- Index of references to historical origins of thermodynamics -- Index | |
of references to standard presentations of thermodynamics | |
ISBN: | 9783642810770 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1976-9783540379966:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Tunable Lasers and Applications Proceedings of the Loen Conference, Norway, 1976 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1976 |
Size: | 1 online resource (406 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-540-37996-6 |
Contents: | I. Tunable and High Energy UV-Visible Lasers -- Tunable Coherent VUV Radiation -- High Efficiency UV Lasers -- Tunable VUV Excimer Laser Systems -- Dye Laser Technology -- II. Tunable IR Laser Systems -- Scalable Tunable IR Lasers -- |
Parametric Oscillators -- Tunable Infrared Generation in Molecular Gases -- Tunable High Power Raman Lasers and Their Applications -- Efficient High-Power 8.62 ?m Infrared Radiation Source for Uranium Isotope Separation in UF6 -- III. | |
Isotope Separation and Laser Driven Chemical Reactions -- Laser Chemistry at Surfaces -- The Photophysics and Photochemistry of Formaldehyde -- Future Applications of Selective Laser Photophysics and Photochemistry -- Uranium Isotope | |
Separation and its Demand on Laser Development -- IV. Nonlinear Excitation of Molecules -- Dissociation of Polyatomic Molecules by an Intense Infrared Laser Field -- Collisionless Dissociation of Polyatomic Molecules by Multiphoton | |
Infrared Absorption -- Laser Excitation of Molecules to High States of Vibration -- Double Resonance and Energy Transfer in Sulfur Hexafluoride -- V. Laser Photokinetics -- Laser Induced Collisions -- Application of Picosecond Laser | |
Pulses to the Determination of Vibrational Time Constants of Polyatomic Molecules in Liquids -- Optical Coherent Transients by Laser Frequency-Switching -- Relaxation in Macroscopic System: An Information Theoretic Approach -- VI. | |
Atmospheric Photochemistry and Diagnostics -- Tropospheric Photochemical and Photophysical Processes -- Photochemistry in the Stratosphere -- Remote Sensing Using Tunable Lasers -- VII. Photobiology -- Resonance Raman Spectroscopy: | |
Application of Tunable Lasers to the Study of the Molecular Mechanisms and Dynamics of Visual Excitation -- Laser-Induced Fluorescence of Biological Molecules -- Fluorescence Spectroscopy Applied to Dynamics and Structure of | |
Biopolymers -- VIII. Spectroscopic Applications of Tunable Lasers -- Applications of High Resolution Laser Spectroscopy -- Applications of Far Infrared Lasers -- Tunable Laser Spectroscopy in Mineral Prospecting -- Study on | |
Phase-Matching Characteristics of Optical Second Harmonic Generation in Nonlinear Thin-Film Waveguides Using a Tunable Parametric Oscillator -- Control Techniques for CW Dye Lasers -- Optically Pumped Gas Lasers -- Cars Techniques and | |
Applications -- Development of Cars for Measurement of Molecular Parameters -- List of Participants | |
ISBN: | 9783540379966 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 3 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physics , Physics, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1976-9781468488845:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Luminescence Centers in Crystals |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1976 |
Size: | 1 online resource (176 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4684-8884-5 |
Contents: | Investigation of the Spectral-Luminescence Properties of Ruby as Active Laser Medium -- I. Spectral Distribution of Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Absorption Spectra -- II. Phosphorescence of Ruby. Energy Band Scheme -- III. |
Color Centers in Ruby -- IV. Effect of an External Electric Field on the Spectrum of Cr3+ in Ruby -- Conclusions -- Literature Cited -- Relationship between Optical Depths of Electron Traps -- §1. Theory of the Method -- §2. | |
Phototransitions and Associated Optical and Thermal Trap Depths -- §3. Apparatus and Measurement Procedure -- §4. Investigated Samples and Excitation Method -- §5. Optical Depths of Traps in ZnS -- §6. Thermal Depths of Traps in ZnS -- | |
§7. Adiabatic and Nonadiabatic Liberation of Electrons from Traps in ZnS -- §8. Optical and Thermal Depths of Traps in Diamond -- §9. Polarons in ZnS -- Literature Cited -- Nonisostructural Paramagnetic Centers in One-Activator Crystal | |
Phosphors -- I. ESR of Mn Ions in ZnS -- II. Cubic and Hexagonal ZnS with Eu2+ Impurity Centers -- III. Influence of Irradiation on Cr3+ Centers in Ruby -- IV. Mn2+ Impurity Ions in the Na2ZnGeO4 Lattice -- Literature Cited -- | |
Application of the Polarization Diagram Method to Studies of Uniaxial Crystals -- §1. Allowance for Birefringence -- §2. Allowance for Absorption of Exciting Light and Luminescence -- §3. Polarization Diagrams of a Rotator -- §4. | |
General Case: Combination of a Linear Oscillator with a Rotator -- §5. Influence of Depolarization -- §6. Analysis of Some Specific Cases -- §7. Experimental Investigation of Zinc Sulfide -- Literature Cited -- Luminescence | |
Polarization Investigation of the Structure of Doped Molecular Crystals -- §1. Structure Investigations of Doped Naphthalene Single Crystals -- §2. Structure Investigations of Crystals with Two Impurities -- §3. Structure | |
Investigations of Doped Anthracene Single Crystals -- §4. Relationship between the Structure of Doped Crystals and Energy Migration between Impurity Molecules -- Literature Cited -- Influence of a Strong Electromagnetic Field on Phase | |
Transitions in Ferroelectrics -- §1. Optically Induced Ferroelectric Transitions -- §2. Heating Effects in a Strong Optical Field -- Conclusion -- Literature Cited | |
ISBN: | 9781468488845 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | The Lebedev Physics Institute Series : 79 |
Keywords: | Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1976-9781468416206:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Lasers and Their Applications / Lazery I Ikh Primenenie / Лазеры И Их Применение |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1976 |
Size: | 1 online resource (223 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4684-1620-6 |
Contents: | Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of the Dynamics of High—Power Radiation—Emitting Electric Discharges in Gases -- §1. Methods for Initiating Discharges with Large Radiating Surfaces -- §2. Optical, Gasdynamic, and Energy |
Characteristics of High-Power Electric Discharges -- §3. Self-similar Theory of a Discharge in an Unbounded Medium -- §4. Allowance for the Discharge Circuit Equation in Self-similar Description of a Discharge. Comparison with the | |
Experimental Results -- §5. Numerical Calculations of Characteristics of High-Current Discharges in Air 2 -- §6. Stability of High-Current Discharges in Gases -- Literature Cited -- Radiation, Dynamics, and Stability of a High-Current | |
Lithium Discharge Plasma -- I. Theoretical Investigations of High-Current Discharges in Bounded Plasmas -- §1. Steady-State Conditions -- §2. Discharge Stability -- §3. Numerical Calculations of Discharge Dynamics in a Lithium Plasma | |
-- II. Experimental Investigations of Discharges in Lithium Plasmas. -- §1. Energy Balance in Discharges -- §2. Dynamics and Stability of Discharges -- §3. Measurements of Radiation Fluxes and Spectra -- §4. Investigations of | |
Large-Scale Structure of Discharges -- §5. Investigations of Small-Scale Structure of Discharges -- §6. Discussion of Results and Comparison with Theory -- Literature Cited -- Generation and Amplification of Light by Stimulated | |
Scattering -- I. Dynamics of Raman Lasers -- §1. Theoretical Analysis of the Dynamics of Emission from a Raman Laser -- §2. Experimental Investigations of Raman Laser Dynamics -- §3. Conditions for Attaining Maximum Quantum Efficiency | |
and Minimum Divergence of Raman Laser Output -- II. Fundamentals of the Theory of Amplifiers Based on Stimulated Scattering -- §1. Equations Describing Amplification -- §2..Parallel Amplification -- §3. Opposed Amplification. -- ?. | |
Experimental Investigation of Amplification due to Stimulated Raman Scattering -- §1. Dynamics of Amplification and Saturation Effect -- §2. Influence of Pump Radiation Spectrum on Amplification due to Stimulated Scattering -- §3. | |
Competition between Different Types of Stimulated Scattering -- §4. Formation of Light Pulses with the Aid of Stimulated Scattering -- Literature Cited -- Theoretical Investigation of the Kinetics of Chemical Lasers -- §1. | |
Characteristics of the Kinetics of Pulse Chemical Lasers -- §2. Kinetic Models of H2 + F2 and D2 + F2 + CO2 Systems and Calculation Methods -- §3. H2 + F2 System -- §4. D2 + F2 + CO2 System -- Conclusions -- Literature Cited -- Plasma | |
Heating and Neutron Generation Resulting from Spherical Irradiation of a Target with High-Power Laser Radiation -- I. Desired Parameters of Laser Systems -- §1. Radiation Contrast -- §2. Divergence of Radiation -- §3. Efficiency of | |
Laser Systems -- II. Master Laser and System of Preliminary Amplifying Stages -- §1. General Description of Apparatus -- §2. Master Laser -- §3. Investigation of Spatial-Temporal Coherence of Laser Radiation -- §4, Width of Emission | |
Line -- §5. Amplifying Properties of Preliminary Stages and Parameters of Radiation Leaving These Stages -- III. High-Power Amplifying Stage with Series-Parallel Configuration -- §1. Amplifying Stage Configuration -- §2. System for | |
Dividing High-Power Beams -- §3. Contrast of Radiation Emerging from High-Power Amplifier -- §4. Parameters of Radiation at the Exit from High-Power Amplifier -- §5. System for Focusing Radiation on a Target -- IV. Investigation of the | |
Parameters of a Plasma Formed as a Result of Spherical Irradiation of an Isolated Solid Target -- §1. Vacuum Chamber. Diagnostic Apparatus • -- §2. Investigation of the Efficiency of Energy Supply to a Heated Target -- §3. | |
Investigation of X-Ray Emission. -- §4. Investigation of the Neutron Yield of Plasma -- §5. Reflection of Laser Radiation from Dense Plasma -- §6. Gasdynamic Pressure of “Corona” and Cumulative Compression of Plasma Core -- Literature | |
Cited -- Investigation of the Parameters and Dynamics of a Plasma Obtained by Sharp Focusing of Laser Radiation on Solid Targets -- §1. Introduction -- §2. Characteristic Parameters of Laser Jets -- §3. Temperature Measurements. -- §4. | |
Gasdynamic Motion of Laser Plasmas... -- §5. Distribution of Electron Density in Laser Plasmas -- §6. Ionization State of Multiply Charged Laser Plasmas -- §7. Laser Plasma as a Source of Multiply Charged Ions.. -- Conclusions. -- | |
Literature Cited | |
ISBN: | 9781468416206 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | The Lebedev Physics Institute Series : 76 |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1973-9781468420371:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Vision Human and Electronic |
Author(s): |
Albert Rose |
Date: | 1973 |
Size: | 1 online resource (197 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4684-2037-1 |
Contents: | 1 · The Visual Process -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Quantum Limitations on the Visual Process -- 1.3. A Summary Experiment -- 1.4. A Second Experiment -- 1.5. Resolution, Signal-to-Noise Ratio, and Test Patterns -- 1.6. An Absolute |
Scale of Performance -- 1.7. Geometric versus Noise Limitations to Performance -- 1.8. Beyond the Visible Spectrum -- 1.9. Summary -- 1.10. References -- 2 · Human Vision -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Optical Parameters -- 2.3. | |
Performance Data -- 2.4. Quantum Efficiency of Human Vision -- 2.5. A Preferred Method for Measuring Quantum Efficiency -- 2.6. A Comparison of Estimates of Quantum Efficiency -- 2.7. Dark Adaptation -- 2.8. Automatic Gain Control -- | |
2.9. Visual Noise -- 2.10. Afterimages -- 2.11. Visibility of High-Energy Radiations -- 2.12. Vision and Evolution -- 2.13. Summary -- 2.14. References -- 3 · Television Camera Tubes -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Scanning Discs and | |
Dissector Tubes -- 3.3. Iconoscope -- 3.4. Image Iconoscope -- 3.5. Orthicon -- 3.6. Image Orthicon -- 3.7. Image Isocon -- 3.8. Intensifier Image Orthicon -- 3.9. Bombardment-Induced Conductivity -- 3.10. Vidicons -- 3.11. Solid-State | |
Self-Scanned Arrays -- 3.12. Summary -- 3.13. References -- 4 · Photographic Film -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Sensitivity and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- 4.3. Resolution, Signal-to-Noise Ratio, and Effective Passband -- 4.4. Threshold | |
Properties of Photographic Grains -- 4.5. Fog -- 4.6. High-Energy Radiations -- 4.7. Comparative Sensitivities of Film, Television Camera Tubes, and the Human Eye -- 4.8. Summary -- 4.9. References -- 5 · Comparative Noise Properties | |
of Vision, Television, and Photographic Film -- 5.1. Statement of Problem -- 5.2. A Proper Measure of the Signal-to-Noise Ratio in a Television Picture -- 5.3. A Comparison of Arrangements for Noise Reduction -- 5.4. Effect of High | |
Contrast on the Visibility of Noise -- 5.5. Noise in Dark Areas -- 5.6. Noise versus Brightness of Reproduced Pictures -- 5.7. Summary -- 5.8. References -- 6 · Image Multipliers -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Varieties of Image | |
Multipliers -- 6.3. Typical Performance of a Three-Stage Image Multiplier -- 6.4. Summary -- 6.5. References -- 7 · Solid-State Photon Counters -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Noise Currents and Charges -- 7.3. Photoconductive Photon | |
Counter -- 7.4. An Analysis of 1/f Noise -- 7.5. Photon Counting by MOS Triodes -- 7.6. Non-Photon-Counters -- 7.7. Summary -- 7.8. References -- 8 · Solid-State Photographic Systems, Light Amplifiers, and Display Systems -- 8.1. | |
Introduction -- 8.2. Blocking Contacts -- 8.3. Sensitivity Aspects of Blocking Contacts -- 8.4. Ohmic Contacts -- 8.5. Sensitivity Aspects of Ohmic Contacts -- 8.6. Special Arrangements -- 8.7. Null Systems -- 8.8. Summary -- 8.9. | |
References -- 9 · Solid-State Photomultipliers -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Multiplication in Semiconductors -- 9.3. Multiplication in Insulators -- 9.4. Rates of Energy Loss by Hot Electrons -- 9.5. Summary -- 9.6. References -- 10 · | |
Vision: Past, Present, and Future -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Human Vision -- 10.3. Photographic Vision -- 10.4. Electronic Vision -- 10.5. The Need for High Quantum Efficiencies -- 10.6. Conclusion -- 10.7. References | |
ISBN: | 9781468420371 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Materials science , Materials Science , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1971-9789401031141:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Mesospheric Models and Related Experiments Proceedings of the Fourth Esrin-Eslab Symposium Held in Frascati, Italy, 6–10 July, 1970 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1971 |
Size: | 1 online resource (300 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-010-3114-1 |
Contents: | Aeronomic Reactions of Hydrogen and Ozone -- A Meridional Model of the Oxygen-Hydrogen Atmosphere -- Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen Constituents in the Mesosphere and Ionization Processes -- Energy Conversions and Mean Vertical Motions |
in the High Latitude Summer Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere -- Photochemistry and the Escape Efficiency of Terrestrial Hydrogen -- On the Introduction of Transport Processes into Meso-spheric Models -- Dynamical Modelling of the | |
Stratosphere and Mesosphere -- Tides and Gravity Waves in the Upper Atmosphere -- The Meteorological Structure of the Mesosphere Including Seasonal and Latitudinal Variations -- Nocturnal Variations in the OH (8-3) Band Airglow -- | |
Ultraviolet Solar Radiation Related to Mesospheric Processes -- Penetration of Solar Radiation in the Schumann-Runge Bands of Molecular Oxygen -- Relaxation of the 2.1 #x03BC and 4.3#x03BC Bands of Carbon Dioxide -- Laboratory | |
Measurements of D-Region Ion-Molecule Reactions -- The Roles of Water Vapor and Nitric Oxide in Determining Electron Densities in the D-Region -- Discussion of the Formation of Major Positive and Negative Ions up to the 50 km Level -- | |
Electronic Collisions -- Laboratory Studies of Elementary Reactions of Neutral Species Containing O or H -- The Photochemistry of Ozone and Singlet Molecular Oxygen in the Atmosphere -- Laboratory Investigations of the Primary Products | |
of Ozone Photolysis -- The Airglow Reaction at Low Pressures -- On the Origin of Noctilucent Clouds -- The Rate Constants of Some Ion-Molecule and Ion-Electron Reactions, from in Situ Ionospheric Measurements -- On the Semiannual | |
Variation of the Upper Atmosphere -- Rocket Measurements of Ion and Electron Densities in the D-Region during Sunrise -- Ion Densities in the Lower D-Region Measured with a Parachuted Probe -- Ion Composition in the E and Lower | |
F-Region above Kiruna at Sunset and Sunrise -- Rocket Mass Spectrometry in Japan -- Measurement of Submillimeter-Wave Stratospheric Emission Spectra -- Some Effects of Dimers of the Water Molecule in the Atmosphere | |
ISBN: | 9789401031141 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space Science and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 25 |
Keywords: | Physics , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1967-9781475701395:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photomesic and Photonuclear Processes Proceedings (Trudy) of the P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1967 |
Size: | 1 online resource (227 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4757-0139-5 |
Contents: | Photoproduction of ?0-Mesons in Deuterium Near Threshold -- I. Short Review of Theoretical and Experimental Work on ?0-Meson Photoproduction -- II. Calculations of Differential Cross Sections for ?0-Meson Photoproduction on Deuterons |
-- III. Experimental Investigations of ?0-Meson Photoproduction -- IV. Comparison of Obtained Experimental Data for Processes ?+ d?d(pn) + ?0 with Results of Theoretical Calculations -- Conclusion -- Literature Cited -- Photoproduction | |
of ?+-Mesons on Protons Near Threshold -- Literature Cited -- Nuclear Photoeffect in Three-Particle Nuclei -- Section 1. Experimental Method -- Section 2. Results of Measurements -- Section 3. Rule of Sums and Dimensions of | |
Three-Particle Nuclei -- Section 4. Comparison between Experimental Data and Theoretical Calculations of Effective Cross Sections -- Section 5. Experimental Results of Other Authors -- Conclusions -- Literature Cited -- Study of | |
Nuclear Reactions at High Energies by the Recoil-Nucleus Method -- I. Experimental -- II. Discussion. Compound Nucleus and Evaporation -- III. Discussion. Cascade Theory -- Appendices -- Literature Cited -- A Study of the Angular | |
Distribution of Fragments in the Photofission of Uranium Isotope U233 -- Literature Cited -- Shower-Type Gamma Spectrometers, Theory and Calculation of the Principal Characteristics -- Section 1. Introduction -- Section 2. Calculation | |
of the Mathematical Expectancy and Dispersion. Energy Resolution -- Section 3. Line Shape of the Shower Gamma Spectrometer -- Section 4. Numerical Calculation of the Characteristics of ?erenkov Gamma Spectrometers -- Section 5. | |
Conclusions -- Literature Cited -- Determination of the Shower Efficiency of Scintillation Detectors -- Literature Cited -- A Liquid-Hydrogen Target -- Literature Cited -- Apparatus for Investigating ?+ - Meson Photoproduction -- | |
Literature Cited -- Use of Static Characteristics of Gas-Discharge Gaps in the Design of Decatron Counting Circuits -- 1. Transfer of Discharge from Cathode to First Guide -- 2. Transfer of Discharge from First to Second Guide -- 3. | |
Transfer of Discharge from the Second Guide to Following Cathode -- 4. Plotting the Shape of Current Pulses at the Decatron Electrodes -- 5. Resetting the Decatron to Zero -- 6. The Principle of Amplitude Matching -- 7. Transistorized | |
Decatron Scalers -- 8. Selection of Coupling and Control Circuits Ensuring Reliable Decatron Operation -- Literature Cited -- Contribution to the Design of Three-Mesh Bandpass Filters -- Literature Cited -- System for Stabilizing the | |
Supply Current of an Electromagnet -- 1. Requirements Laid on the Supply System -- 2. Voltage-Stabilizing System for the DC Generators -- 3. DC Amplifier for the Comparison Circuit and the Suppression of Pulsations -- Literature Cited | |
ISBN: | 9781475701395 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | The Lebedev Physics Institute Series : 71 |
Keywords: | Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1964-9781461585466:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Soviet Researches on Luminescence / Issledovaniya po Lyuminestsentsii / Исследования по Люминес ен ии |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1964 |
Publisher: | Boston, MA : Springer US |
Size: | 1 online resource (152 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-8546-6 |
Contents: | Electroluminescence of Crystals -- I. General Problems of Electroluminescent Crystals -- II. Electroluminescence of Zinc Sulfide -- Investigations of the Cathodoluminescence of Zinc Sulfide and Certain other Cathodoluminophors -- I. |
Estimate of the Energy Losses in Crystal Phosphors during Cathode Excitation and the Maximum Cathodoluminescence Yield -- II. Electron Energy Losses during Beam Transmission through a Luminophor Layer -- III. Study of the Luminescence, | |
Brightness, and Efficiency Spectra of Cathodoluminescence as Functions of Excitation Conditions -- IV. Investigation of the Duration and the Decay Law of Cathodoluminescence and Their Relation to the Position and Occupation of | |
Localization Sites of Electrons and Holes -- Bibliography of Work Performed in the Luminescence Laboratory of the P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute of the Ussr Academy of Sciences Between 1934 and 1961 -- Translation Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461585466 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Transactions (Trudy) of the P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute : 23 |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1961-9783709150870:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Electromagnetic Separation of Radioactive Isotopes Proceedings of the International Symposium Held in Vienna, May 23–25, 1960 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1961 |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-7091-5087-0 |
Contents: | I General Considerations Related to Problems of Electromagnetic Separations -- a) Separation of Irradiated Material -- Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Before and After Activation in a Reactor or Cyclotron -- Electromagnetic Mass |
Separation of Reactor Irradiated Materials -- b) Contamination and Enrichment -- Theory of Isotopic Contamination in Electromagnetic Separators -- Adequate Characterizing of Separating Power -- The Relative Enhancement Factor in | |
Electromagnetic Isotope Separation -- Contribution to the Study of Isotopic Contamination with a Double Magnetic Deflection Isotope Separator -- II Electromagnetic Separators Planned -- Electromagnetic Separator for Radioisotope | |
Investigations -- The Design of the Electromagnetic Isotope Separator of the S.G.A.E. -- Plans for a Radioisotope Separator at CERN -- Ion-Optical Considerations on E.M. Separators -- The Electric Quadrupole Mass Separator -- III | |
Operating Experiences on E. M. Separators -- Double Magnetic Deflexion Isotope Separator for the Production of Very High Purity Isotopes -- Electromagnetic Separation of Radioisotopes of the Heavy Elements at the Oak Ridge National | |
Laboratory -- Recent Modifications to Hermes -- Some Characteristics of the E.M. Isotope Separator at the Nobel Institute of Physics, Stockholm -- IV Progress in Ion Source Development -- On Ion Sources with High Efficiency and | |
Intensity -- An Ion Source for Short-Lived Radioactive Isotopes and Preliminary Results on a Duoplasmatron Type Ion Source -- A Method of Rapid Electromagnetic Separation of Radioactive Isotopes -- Some Problems Related with Ion | |
Sources for Radioactive Isotopes -- A Parallel Filament Lateral Arc Source Unit -- V Sputtering Phenomena -- Sputtering Experiments with the Amsterdam Electromagnetic Isotope Separator -- Collection and Sputtering Experiments with | |
Noble Gas Ions -- Sputtering by Ions with 10–65 keV Energy -- Preparation of Targets and Radioactive Sources in an E.M. Separator -- Sputtering at High Energy -- VI Chemical Aspects in E. M. Separation Processes -- E.M. Separations | |
with High Efficiency of Microgramme Quantities -- Some Chemical Problems Connected with the Electro-Magnetic Separation of Isotopes -- VII Some Health Physics Problems Connected with E. M. Separations -- Protective Measures in | |
Connection with Electromagnetic Separations of Radioactive Isotopes at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory -- Precautions with a-Active Isotope Separators at Harwell -- VIII Applications of E. M. Separated Radioactive Isotopes -- | |
Applications of Electromagnetically Separated Radioactive Isotopes at the Nobel Institute of Physics (Part I) -- Applications of Electromagnetically Separated Radioactive Isotopes at the Nobel Institute of Physics (Part II) -- Recent | |
Applications of the Uppsala Mass Separator -- Applications in the Field of Nuclear Physics of the Orsay Double Deflexion Isotope Separator -- Preparation of Radioactive Sources for ?- and ?-Ray Spectroscopy by Electromagnetic Isotope | |
Separation -- Author Index | |
ISBN: | 9783709150870 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Physics , Physics, general |
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Call number: | QC903.R53::2014 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Beyond smoke and mirrors: Climate change and energy in the 21st century |
Author(s): |
Burton Richter |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | Second ed. |
Publisher: | Cambridge: Cambridge University Press |
Size: | 361 p |
Contents: | Preface, List of units, List of conversion factors, List of abbreviations, 1. Introduction Part I. Climate: 2. Greenhouse Earth, 3. Climate modelling, 4. The past as proxy for the future, 5. Predicting the future, Part II. Energy: 6. Taking up arms ag ainst this sea of troubles, 7. How fast to move: a physicist's look at the economists, 8. Energy, emissions and action, 9. Fossil fuels: how much is there?, 10. Electricity, emission and pricing carbon, 11. Efficiency: the first priority, 12. Nuclear ener gy, 13. Renewables, 14. Biofuels: is there anything there?, 15. An energy summary, Part III. Policy: 16. US policy: new things, bad things, good things 17. World policy action |
ISBN: | 1107673720 |
Series: | Canto classics |
Keywords: | Climatic changes, Forecasting. , Renewable energy sources, Forecasting. |
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Call number: | QC773.A1S47::1992 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Los Alamos Primer : The first lectures on how to build an atomic bomb |
Author(s): |
Robert Serber Richard Rhodes |
Date: | 1992 |
Publisher: | University of California Press: Berkeley |
Size: | 988 pgs. |
Contents: | 1. Object, 2. Energy of Fission Process, 3. Fast Neutron Chain Reaction, 4. Fission Cross-Sections, 5. Neutron Spectrum, 6. Neutron Number, 7. Neutron Capture, 8. Why Ordinary U is Safe, 9. Material 49, 10. Simplest Estimate of Minimum Size of Bomb, 11.Effect of Tamper, 12. Damage, 13. Efficiency, 14. Effect of Tamper on Efficiency, 15. Detonation, 16. Probability of Predetonation, 17. Fizzles, 18. Detonanting Source, 19. Neutron Background, 20. Shooting, 21. Autocatalytic Methods, 22. Conclusion |
Appendices: I. The Frisch-Peierls Memorandum, II. Biographical Notes | |
ISBN: | 0520075765 |
Keywords: | Atomic bomb History. United States |
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Call number: | PE1128.S727::2005 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | 400 must-have words for the TOEFL |
Author(s): |
Lynn Stafford-Yilmaz Lawrence J. Zwier |
Date: | 2005 |
Publisher: | McGraw-Hill |
Contents: | Nature LESSON 1 Food Crops LESSON 2 Disaster LESSON 3 Evolution and Migration LESSON 4 Petroleum Alternatives |
Science LESSON 5 Time Efficiency LESSON 6 Ancient Life LESSON 7 Computers LESSON 8 Energy | |
Mind and Body LESSON 9 Memory LESSON 10 Spirituality LESSO N 11 Illness LESSON 12 Surgery LESSON 13 Ghosts | |
Society LESSON 14 Anthropology LESSON 15 Social Inequality LESSON 16 Expertise LESSON 17 Military Operations LESSON 18 War and Conquest LESSON 19 History | |
Money LESSON 20 Financial Systems LESSON 21 Wealth and Social Class LESSON 22 Personal Property LESSON 23 Employment LESSON 24 InternationalTrade | |
Government and Justice LESSON 25 Politics LESSON 26 A Reasonable Doubt LESSON 27 The Police LESSON 28 Investigating Crimes LESSON 29 Government Corruption LESSON 30 Crimes at Sea LESSON 31 The War on Drugs | |
Relationships LESSON 32 Family Relationships LESSON 33 Friendship LESSON 34 Passion LESSON 35 Negative Emotions | |
Culture LESSON 36 Social Rebels LESSON 37 Painting and Sculpture LESSON 38 The Written Word LESSON 39 Entertainment LESSON 40 Risky Fashions | |
Keywords: | Test of English as a Foreign Language Study guides, English language Textbooks f |
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