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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD ENERGY,GENERAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/13570.25 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword energy,general ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319517001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity and the Quantum Pedagogical Essays on Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Quantum Gravity
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 494 p. 54 illus p.)
Contents:J. Alcaniz et al. Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with angular two-point correlation function -- C. M. Boily Resonant disruption of binary stars by a catalytic black hole -- Rong-Gen Cai and Li-Ming Cao Mechanics of Apparent
Horizon in Two Dimensional Dilaton Gravity -- Sumanta Chakraborty Boundary Terms of the Einstein-Hilbert Action -- Timothy Clifton and John Barrow Decay of the Cosmic Vacuum Energy -- Naresh Dadhich Understanding General Relativity
after 100 years: A matter of perspective -- Tevian Dray Piecewise Conserved Quantities -- Pankaj Joshi Self-Similarity and Criticality in Gravitational Collapse -- Claus Kiefer Notes on semiclassical Weyl gravity -- Dawood Kothawala
Accelerated Observers, Thermal Entropy, and Spacetime Curvature -- Donald Lynden-Bell A local stress tensor for gravity Fields -- Michele Maggiore Nonlocal Infrared Modifications of Gravity: A Review -- Ayan Mukhopadhyay Emergence of
gravity and RG flow -- S. Modak Modelling non-paradoxical loss of information in black hole evaporation -- J.V. Narlikar Relativistic Paths : A Feynman Problem -- Martin Rees Thoughts on 50 years in astrophysics and cosmology and on
what comes next -- Sudipta Sarkar Area Theorem: General Relativity and Beyond -- Shankarnarayanan What Are the Atoms of Space Time? -- Suprit Singh From Quantum to Classical in the Sky -- T.P. Singh Classical and quantum: a conflict of
interest -- Lee Smolin Four principles for quantum gravity -- L. Sriramkurar What do detectors detect? -- Urjit A Yajnik Stability longevity and all that : false vacua and topological defects
ISBN:9783319517001
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:9783319447292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Astrophysical Techniques
Author(s): Rosa Poggiani
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 163 p. 64 illus p.)
Contents:Part 1: The basics -- Chapter 1: Setting the scene: high energy photons and particles -- Chapter 2: Radiation-matter interactions -- Chapter 3: Interactions of photons and particles along the path -- Part 2: The world of detectors --
Chapter 4: Detectors: general characteristics -- Chapter 5: Detectors bases on ionization in gases and liquids -- Chapter 6: Scintillation detector systems -- Chapter 7: Detectors based on ionization in solid state materials -- Chapter
8: Cherenkov and Transition Radiation detectors -- Chapter 9: Calorimeters -- Chapter 10: Measurement of physical properties of photons and particles -- Part 3: High energy astronomy -- Chapter 11: Ultraviolet and X-ray astronomy --
Chapter 12: Gamma ray astronomy -- Chapter 13: Cosmic ray astronomy -- Chapter 14: Neutrino astronomy -- Chapter 15: Gravitational wave astronomy -- Chapter 16: The dark side of the Universe -- Chapter 17: Observing in high energy
astrophysics -- Chapter 18: Conclusions
ISBN:9783319447292
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:9781608071739:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microwave and millimeter-wave remote sensing for security applications
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Nanzer
Date:2012
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (385 p.)
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Electromagnetic plane wave fundamentals -- 3. Electromagnetic waves in media -- 4. Antennas -- 5. Receivers -- 6. Radiometry -- 7. Radar -- 8. Imaging systems -- 9. Interferometric measurement of angular velocity
Chapter 1 Introduction -- Security Sensing -- Needs for Remote Security Sensing -- Advantages of Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Remote Sensors -- Overview of Remote Sensing Techniques -- Radiometry -- Radar Systems -- Imaging Systems -- Interferometr ic Angular Velocity Measurement -- Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Remote Sensing in Related Fields -- The Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Spectrum -- Frequency Designations -- Propagation of Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Radiation -- Examples of Remote Secur ity Sensors -- Active Imaging for Contraband Detection -- Passive Imaging for Contraband Detection -- Detection of Human Presence -- Discrimination of Humans and Classification of Human Activity -- Through-Wall Detection -- Biological Signature Detection -- Chapter 2 Electromagnetic Plane Wave Fundamentals -- Maxwell.s Equations -- The Constitutive Parameters -- Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields -- The Wave Equation -- Plane Waves -- Phase Velocity -- Relationship Between E and H -- Energy and Power -- Wave Polarization -- Linear Polarization -- Elliptical Polarization
Chapter 3 Electromagnetic Waves in Media -- Plane Wave Propagation in Unbounded Media -- Good Conducting Media -- Good Dielectric Media -- Wave Impedance in Media -- Complex Permittivity and Dispersion -- Plane Wave Propagation in Bounded Media -- R eflection and Transmission of Normally Incident Waves -- Reflection and Transmission of Arbitrarily Incident Waves -- Transverse Electric (Perpendicular) Incidence -- Transverse Magnetic (Parallel) Incidence -- Power Reflection and Transmission -- Total T ransmission and Total Reflection -- Layered Media -- Electromagnetic Propagation in Specific Media -- Atmospheric Propagation Effects -- Propagation Through Building Materials -- Propagation Through Clothing and Garment Materials -- Dielectric Properties of Explosives, Plastics, and Metals -- Dielectric Properties of Human Tissue
Chapter 4 Antennas -- Electromagnetic Potentials -- Electromagnetic Potentials Due to Electric Current Density J -- Electromagnetic Potentials Due to Magnetic Current Density Jm -- Infinitesimal Dipole Radiation -- Far Field Radiation -- Infinitesim al Dipole Far-Field Radiation -- Antenna Parameters -- Radiated Power Density and Total Radiated Power -- Antenna Pattern -- Antenna Pattern Beamwidth -- Antenna Solid Angles -- Directivity -- Gain -- Aperture Area and Pattern Solid Angle -- Antenna Tempe rature and Noise Power . Polarization -- Properties of Wire Antennas -- Infinitesimal Dipole -- Long Dipole -- Aperture Antennas -- Image theory -- The Equivalence Principle -- Radiation from a Rectangular Aperture -- Radiation from a Circular Aperture -- Antenna Arrays -- Linear Array Theory -- Planar Arrays -- Array Beamwidth -- Phased Arrays -- Array Architectures -- Signal Feeds -- Beam Steering -- Common Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Antennas -- Horn Antennas -- Slot Antennas -- Microstrip Antennas - - Reflector Antenna Systems -- Lens Antenna Systems -- Chapter 5 Receivers -- General Operation of Receivers -- Receiver Noise -- Sources of Receiver Noise -- Thermal Noise -- Shot Noise -- Flicker Noise -- Equivalent Noise Bandwidth -- Thermal Noise at M illimeter-Wave Frequencies -- Noise Figure and Noise Temperature -- Noise Temperature -- Noise Figure of an Attenuator -- Noise in Cascaded Systems -- ADC Noise -- Receiver Linearity -- Gain Compression -- Intermodulation Products -- Third Order Intercept Point -- Intercept Point of a Cascade -- Dynamic Range -- Spurious Free Dynamic Range
Chapter 6 -- Radiometry -- Radiometry Fundamentals -- Brightness -- Brightness and Distance -- Flux Density and Source Distribution -- Effect of the Antenna -- Blackbody Radiation -- Planck.s Blackbody Radiation Law -- Approximations of Planck.s Law -- Band-Limited Integration of Planck.s Law -- Applied Radiometry -- Source Resolution -- Resolved Source -- Unresolved Source -- Received Power as a Convolution -- Emissivity and Radiometric Temperature -- Emissivities of Human Skin and Common Materials -- Radiometric Temperature in an Environment -- Radiometer Receivers -- Total Power Radiometer -- Total Power Response -- Interferometric Correlation Radiometer -- Spatial Point Source Response -- Receiver Instabilities -- Dicke Radiometer -- Radiometer Calibration -- Scanning Radiometer Systems -- Spatial Resolution -- Dwell Time -- Measurement Uncertainty -- One-Dimensional Scanning -- Two-Dimensional Scanning -- Chapter 7 Radar -- Configurations and Measurements -- Range Equation -- Transmitter System s . Transmitter Functionality -- Transmitter Noise -- Millimeter-Wave Oscillators -- Radar Measurement Sensitivity -- Range Measurement Error -- Frequency Measurement Error -- Angle Measurement Error -- Impact of the Time-Bandwidth Product on Measurement Error -- Micro-Doppler -- Micro-Doppler in Security Radar -- Micro-Doppler Theory -- Human Micro-Doppler Signature -- Continuous-Wave Radar -- Continuous-Wave Doppler -- Frequency-Modulated CW -- Multifrequency CW -- Moving Target Indication Radar -- High -Range Resolution Radar -- Pulse Radar -- Linear Frequency Modulation -- Stepped-Frequency Modulation
Chapter 8 Imaging Systems -- Scanning Imaging Systems -- Types of Scanning Imagers -- General Characteristics of Scanning Systems -- Field of View and Spatial Resolution -- Frame Rate -- Interferometric Imaging Systems -- Image Formation -- Visibili ty Function -- Fourier Transform Relationship of Visibility and Radiometric Temperature -- The Correlation Interferometer as a Spatial Filter -- Visibility Sampling -- Two-Dimensional Visibility -- Image Sensitivity -- Image Resolution and Field of View - - Interferometric Imaging Arrays -- Mills Cross Array -- T-Array -- Y-Array -- Circular Arrays -- Chapter 9 Interferometric Measurement of Angular Velocity -- Interferometer Response to an Angularly Moving Point Source -- System Beam Pattern -- Frequency Shift Induced by an Angularly Moving Object -- Comparison to Doppler Frequency Shift -- Frequency Uncertainty at Wide Angles -- Small Angle Approximation -- Interferometer Spectral Response -- General Spectral Response -- Response with a Sinc Function Sys tem Beam Pattern -- Interferometer Response in the Time-Frequency Domain -- Interferometric Measurement of Moving Humans -- Narrow-Beamwidth Response to a Moving Human -- Wide-Beamwidth Response to a Moving Human
ISBN:9781608071722
Series:Artech House antennas and propagation library
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Security systems, Remote sensing. , Microwave remote sensing.
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Call number:1118864638:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Large-Scale Distributed Systems and Energy Efficiency: A Holistic View
Author(s): Pierson
Date:2015
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (337 p.)
ISBN:9781118864630
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: General Computing
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Call number:0470689048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy Security - An Interdiscinplinary Approach
Author(s): Bahgat
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (255 p.)
ISBN:9780470689042
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: General Computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662480786:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Particle Cosmology The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems
Author(s): Cosimo Bambi
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48078-6
Contents:Introduction -- The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- General Relativity -- Cosmological Models -- Thermodynamics of the Early Universe -- Inflation -- Baryogenesis -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis -- Dark Matter (DM) -- Cosmic
Microwave Background Radiation -- Large Scale Structures -- Dark Energy
ISBN:9783662480786
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319396149:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultrafast Biophotonics
Author(s): P Vasa
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (20 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39614-9
Contents:Introduction and overview -- Introduction to ultrafast and intense Fields -- Multiphoton microscopy and imaging techniques, including THz imaging -- Intense fields I -- Intense fields II -- Dynamical studies -- Mimicking biological
systems: light harvesting without chlorophyll -- Biological interactions and energy landscapes: theoretical frameworks -- Outlook
ISBN:9783319396149
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Biophysics , Biological physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Biomedical engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Physical Chemistry , Biomedical Engineering , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319313528:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology Theoretical Perspective in High Energy Physics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (17 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31352-8
Contents:Three Lectures on the FGK Formalism and Beyond -- Introductory Lectures on Extended Supergravities and Gaugings -- Supersymmetric Black Holes and Attractors in Gauged Supergravity -- Lectures on Holographic Renormalization --
Nonsingular Black Holes in Palatini Extensions of General Relativity -- Inflation: Observations and Attractors
ISBN:9783319313528
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 176
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Mathematical Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319252742:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Special Theory of Relativity Foundations, Theory, Verification, Applications
Author(s): Costas Christodoulides
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (480 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25274-2
Contents:Historical Introduction -- The Main Landmarks in the Development of the Special Theory of Relativity -- The Principle of Relativity of Galileo. Galileo’s Invariance Hypothesis. The Law of Inertia. Inertial Frames of Reference
Relativity -- Rømer and the Speed of Light -- Newton’s Laws of Motion. Inertia and Inertial Frames of Reference -- The Aberration of Light -- Arago’s Measurements Concerning the Constancy of the Speed of Light from Stars --
Measurements of the Speed of Light in the Laboratory -- Attempts to Measure the Dragging of Aether by Moving Media -- Maxwell’s Equations and the Wave Equation -- The Experiment of Michelson and Morley -- The Lorentz-Fitzgerald
Contraction Hypothesis -- The Increase of the Mass of the Electron with Speed -- The Invariance of Maxwell’s Equations and the Lorentz Transformation -- The Formulation of the Special Theory of Relativity -- Prolegomena -- Inertial
Frames of Reference -- The Calibration of a Frame of Reference and the Synchronization of its Clocks -- The Relativity of Simultaneity -- The Relativity of Time and Length -- The Inevitability of the Special Theory of Relativity --
Relativistic Kinematics -- The Lorentz Transformation for the Coordinates of an Event -- The Transformation of Velocity -- The Transformation of Acceleration -- Applications of Relativistic Kinematics -- The ‘Meson’ Paradox -- The
apparent focusing of fast charged particle beams due to the dilation of time -- The Sagnac Effect -- Clocks Moving Around the Earth -- The Experiment of Hafele and Keating -- Einstein’s Train -- The Twin Paradox -- Motion with a
Constant Proper Acceleration. Hyperbolic Motion -- Two Successive Lorentz Transformations. The Wigner Rotation -- Optical Phenomena -- The Aberration of Light -- Fizeau’s Experiment. Fresnel’s Aether Dragging Theory -- The Doppler
Effect -- Relativistic Beaming or the Headlight Effect -- The Pressure Exerted by Light -- Relativistic Dynamics -- The Dfinition of Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Mass -- Relativistic Energy -- The Relationship Between Momentum
and Energy -- Classical Approximations -- Particles with Zero Rest Mass -- The Conservation of Momentum and of Energy -- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy -- The Transformation of Momentum and Energy -- The Zero-Momentum Frame of
Reference -- The Transformation of the Total Momentum and the Total Energy of a System of Particles -- The Collision of two Identical Particles -- The Transformation of Force -- Motion Under the Influence of a Constant Force. The
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Constant Uniform Electric Field -- The Motion of a Charged Particle in a Constant Homogeneous Magnetic Field -- Applications of Relativistic Dynamics -- The Compton Effect -- The Inverse Compton Effect
-- The Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativity on the Design of Particle Accelerators -- Mass Defect and Binding Energy of the Atomic Nucleus -- Threshold Energy -- The General Equations for the Motion of a Relativistic Rocket
-- Minkowski’s Spacetime and Four-Vectors -- The ‘World’ of Minkowski -- Four-Vectors -- Electromagnetism -- Introduction -- The Invariance of Electric Charge -- The Transformations of the Electric Field and the Magnetic Field -- The
Fields of a Moving Electric Charge -- The Derivation of the Differential form of the Biot-Savart Law from Coulomb’s Law -- The Force Exerted on a Moving Charge by an Electric Current -- Experiments -- The Speed of Light -- The Aether
-- The Dilation of Time -- The Relativistic Doppler Effect -- The Contraction of Length -- The Test of the Predictions of Relativistic Kinematics -- The Sagnac Effect -- The Relativistic Mass -- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy --
The Test of the Predictions of Relativistic Dynamics -- The Invariance of Electric Charge -- Appendix 1. The Paradox of the Room and the Rod -- Appendix 2. The Appearance of Moving Bodies -- Appendix 3. The Derivation of the Expression
for the Relativistic Mass in General -- Appendix .4. The Invariance of the Equations of Maxwell and the Wave Equation Under the Lorentz Transformation -- Appendix 5. Tachyons -- Appendix 6. The Lorentz Transformation in Matrix Form --
Appendix 7. Table of Some Functions of the Speed -- Solutions of the Problem
ISBN:9783319252742
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319222165:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy Transmission and Synchronization in Complex Networks Mathematical Principles
Author(s): Nicolás Rubido
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (14 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22216-5
Contents:Introduction -- Complex Networks -- Transmission of Energy -- Synchronisation -- General conclusions
ISBN:9783319222165
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Electric power production , Physics , Complex Networks , Energy Technology , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319202242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity: Where Do We Stand?
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (103 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20224-2
Contents:Introduction -- Gravity: Newtonian, post-Newtonian and General Relativistic -- Newtonian Gravity and its classical tests (Equivalence Principle, Measure of G, 1/r2 dependence) -- Gravitational Tests with Interplanetary Probes --
Probing gravity with second generation lunar laser ranging -- Fundamental physics with the LAGEOS satellites -- The role of binary pulsars in testing Gravity Theories -- Gravitational waves: theory, sources, detectors -- Possible low
energy manifestations of strings and gravity -- Effective Field Theories with Lorentz Violations and their observational constraints -- Search for generic violations of Lorentz invariance in the Standard Model Extension formalism --
The MOND-TeVeS theory and the lensing results from the Bullet Cluster
ISBN:9783319202242
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400775459:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Fluorescence Microscopy [electronic resource] : Exploring Life with Light
Author(s): Partha Pratim Mondal
Alberto Diaspro
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book starts at an introductory level and leads reader to the most advanced developments in fluorescence imaging and super-resolution techniques that have enabled the emergence of new disciplines such as nanobioimaging,multiphoton microscopy, pho todynamic therapy, nanometrology and nanosensors. The interdisciplinary subject of fluorescence microscopy and imaging requires complete knowledge of imaging optics and molecular physics. So, this bookapproaches the subject by introducing optical imaging concepts before going deep into the advanced imaging systems and their applications. Molecular orbital theory forms the basis for understanding fluorescent molecules and therebyfacilitates complete explanation of light-matter interaction at the geometrica l focus. The two disciplines have some overlap since light controls the states of molecules and conversely, molecular states control the emitted light. Thesetwo mechanisms together determine essential fluorescence factors and phenomena such as, molecular cross-section, Stokes shift, emission and absorption spectra, quantum yield, signal-to-noise ratio, Forster resonance energy transfer(FRET), fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and fluorescence lifetime. These phenomena form the basis of man y fluorescence based devices. The book is organized into two parts. The first part deals with basics of imagingoptics and its applications. The advanced part covers many imaging techniques and related instrumentation that are developed in the last decade pointing towards far-field diffraction limited and unlimited imaging
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Dedication
Ray Optics, Wave Optics and Imaging System Designing
Basics of Electromagnetic Theory for Fluorescence Microscopy
Electric Field Effects in OpticalMicroscopy Systems
Quantum Description of Radiation Field and Optical Microscopy
Molecular Physics of Fluorescence Markers
Basics of Fluorescence and Photophysics
General Fluorescence Imaging Techniques
Multiphoton Fluorescence Microscopy
Super Resolution Fluorescence Microscopy
Image Reconstruction Methodologies for Fluorescence Microscopy
Future Prospective of Fluorescen
ISBN:9789400775459
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642453847:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Life and Death of the Stars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ganesan Srinivasan
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume is devoted to one of the fascinating things about stars: how they evolve as they age. This evolution is different for stars of different masses. How stars end their lives when their supply of energy is exhausted alsodepends on their masse s. Interestingly, astronomers conjectured about the ultimate fate of the stars even before the details of their evolution became clear. Part I of this book gives an account of the remarkable predictions madeduring the 1920s and 1930s concerning the ultima te fate of stars. Since much of this development hinged on quantum physics that emerged during this time, a detailed introduction to the relevant physics is included in the book. Part IIis a summary of the life history of stars. This discussion is divided into three parts: low-mass stars, like our Sun, intermediate-mass stars, and massive stars. Many of the concepts of contemporary astrophysics were built on thefoundation erected by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in the 1930s. This book, written during his bi rth centenary, includes a brief biographical sketch of the brilliant scientist, which readers will find fascinating. Reading this book willget young students excited about the presently unfolding revolution in astronomy and the challenges that await them in the world of physics, engineering and technology. General readers will also find the book appealing for its highlyaccessible narrative of the physics of stars. This book is a companionvolume of What are the Stars? by the same author. I know of no other book on the evolution of stars of a similar scope and breadth that is soaccessible for undergraduate students. E P J van den Heuvel Professor of Astrophysics Winner of the Spinoza and Descartes PrizesUniversity of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Contents:Part I: A Historical Perspective
What Are the Stars?
Stars in Their Youth
White Dwarf Stars
The Principles of Statistical Mechanics
FermiDirac Distribution
Quantum Stars
The Chandrasekhar Limit
The Absurd Behaviour of Stars: Not All Stars Will Have Energy to Cool
Guest Stars
Supernovae, Neutron Stars and Black Holes
A Profile of Chandra
Part II: The Life History of StarsA Modern Perspective
To Burn or Not To Burn
What Does the Future Hold for the Sun?
Life History of Intermediate Mass Stars
Diamonds in the Sky
Exploding Stars
ISBN:9783642453847
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642453021:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:What are the Stars? [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ganesan Srinivasan
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The outstanding question in astronomy at the turn of the twentieth century was: What are the stars and why are they as they are? In this volume, the story of how the answer to this fundamental question was unravelled is narratedin an informal style, with emphasis on the underlying physics. Although the foundations of astrophysics were laid down by 1870, and the edifice was sufficiently built up by 1920, the definitive proof of many of the prescientconjectures made in the 1920s and 1930s came to be es tablished less than ten years ago. This book discusses these recent developments in the context of discussing the nature of the stars, their stability and the source of the energythey radiate. Reading this book will get young students excited about the pr esently unfolding revolution in astronomy and the challenges that await them in the world of physics, engineering and technology. General readers will alsofind the book appealing for its highly accessible narrative of the physics of stars. ... The readers will find Dr Srinivasan, an internationally acclaimed leader in this enterprise, to be a clear and enthusiastic guide to thewonders and mysteries of the cosmos. Lord Martin Rees Astronomer Royal Master of Trinity College, Cambridge I know of no comparabl e book in the present-day literature that so successfully conveys theexcitement of the development of ideas pertaining to the physics of stars, including the newest discoveries, and at the same time explains the fundamentals so well. E. P. J. van den Heuv el Professor of Astrophysics Winner of theSpinoza and Descartes Prizes University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Contents:The Present Revolution in Astronomy: An Overview
What Are the Stars?
Stars as Globes of Gas
Eddingtons Theory of the Stars
Why Are the Stars as They Are?
Energy Generation in the Stars
Sounds of the Sun
The Smoking Gun is Finally Found
ISBN:9783642453021
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642389399:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Black Holes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Xavier Calmet
Bernard Carr
Elizabeth Winstanley
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Written by foremost experts, this short book gives a clear description of the physics of quantum black holes. The reader will learn about quantum black holes in four and higher dimensions, primordial black holes, the production ofblack holes in high energy particle collisions, Hawking radiation, black holes in models of low scale quantum gravity and quantum gravitational aspects of black holes
Contents:Introduction
Black Holes in General Relativity
Hawking Radiation and Black Hole Evaporation
Primordial Black Holes
Black Hole Formation in High Energy Particle Collisions
Black Holes and Low Scale Quantum Gravity
Conclusions
ISBN:9783642389399
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642387272:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hiroshima to Fukushima [electronic resource] : Biohazards of Radiation
Author(s): Eiichiro Ochiai
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Set against a backdrop of the recent disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, Hiroshima to Fukushima examines the issue of radiation safety. The author provides important and accurate scientific information about theradioactive substances arisi ng from nuclear power plants and weapons, including the effects of this radiation on living organisms. Currently, humankind is at a crossroads and must decide whether to phase out or increase its reliance onnuclear power as weapons and an energy source. A lthough a few countries, mostly European, have vowed to abolish nuclear power as an energy source, many other countries are about to increase their nuclear power programs. This book iswritten from a Japanese perspective and thus provides an alternative to views of Western writers. The author includes rigorous scientific analyses, however maintains a broad scope which allows the book to be accessible todecision-makers and non-specialists
Contents:Part I The Scientific Bases of Nuclear World, Radiation and Chemical World
The Nuclear World and Nuclear Power
Radiation
The Chemical World
Part II The Military Uses of Nuclear Power
The Development of the Atomic Bomb
Dropping of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki The Devastation
Depleted Uranium Bombs
Part III The Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Power
Development of Nuclear Power Reactors
Examples of Major Failures at Nuclear Power Plants
Part IV The Scientific Basis of Interaction of Radiation with the Chemical World
General Consideration of Interac
ISBN:9783642387272
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science Policy Reports, 2213-1965
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear chemistry , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319077468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Large Scale Structures [electronic resource] : A Window on the Dark Components of the Universe
Author(s): Stphane Ili
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Dark Energy and Dark Matter are among the greatest mysteries in modern cosmology. The present work explores in depth how large cosmic structures can help us unveil the nature of these components of the Universe. One the one hand,it focuses on a signa ture that Dark Energy imprints on the Cosmic Microwave Background through its impact on the time-evolution of gravitational potentials: the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (iSW) effect. Another cosmological background, theCosmic Infrared Background, is considered for the first time in the study of the iSW effect and demonstrated to be a highly efficient and promising tracer. Changing the perspective on the problem, the use of superstructures for iSWdetection is then extensively reviewed: using precise solutions to Einsteins general relativity equations, the full iSW effect is computed, especially due to the cosmic voids predicted by the theory. Using measurements from the mostrecent data, it is subsequently shown how the iSW probes the solidity of the cosmological standard model. On the topic of Dark Matter, an original study is presented, showing that temperature measurements of the intergalactic mediumshed light on the nature of Dark Matter particles, providing the tightest constraints on their decay properties
Contents:Introduction: The Ingredients of a Good Cosmological Probe
Unravelling the iSW Effect Through the Matter Distribution
The Impact of Identified Superstructures in the CMB
Towards a Full Modelling of the iSW effect
Studying Dark Matter Through the Lens of Reionisation
Conclusions & Perspectives
ISBN:9783319077468
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070919:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes [electronic resource] : Theoretical Description at the Level of Molecular Structures
Author(s): Viktor Holubec
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Various experimental techniques have been advanced in recent years to measure non-equilibrium energy transformations on themicroscopic scale of single molecules. In general, the systems studied inthecorrespondingexperiments are exposed to strong ther mal fluctuations and thus the relevant energetic variables such as work and heat become stochastic. This thesis addresses challenging theoretical problems in this active field ofcurrent research: 1) Exact analytical solutions of work and heat distribution s for isothermal non-equilibrium processes in suitable models are obtained 2) Corresponding solutions for cyclic processes involving two different heatreservoirs are found 3) Optimization of periodic driving protocols for such cyclic processes with respec t to maximal output power, efficiency, and minimal power fluctuations is studied. The exact solutions for work and heatdistributionsprovide areference for theoretical investigations of more complicated models,giving insight into the structure of the tail of work distributions andserving asvaluable test cases for simulations of the underlyingstochastic processes
Contents:Introduction
Discrete State Space Models
Continuous State Space Models
Heat Engines
Conclusion
ISBN:9783319070919
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319067612:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativity and Gravitation [electronic resource] : 100 Years after Einstein in Prague
Author(s): Ji Bik
Tom Ledvinka
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In early April 1911 Albert Einstein arrived in Prague to become full professor of theoretical physics at the German part of Charles University. It was there, for the first time, that he concentrated primarily on the problem ofgravitation. Before he l eft Prague in July 1912 he had submitted the paper Relativitt und Gravitation: Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham in which he remarkably anticipated what a future theory of gravity should looklike. At the occasion of the Einstein-in-Prague cente nary an international meeting was organized under a title inspired by Einstein's last paper from the Prague period: Relativity and Gravitation, 100 Years after Einstein inPrague. The main topics of the conference included: classical relativity, numerical relativity, relativistic astrophysics and cosmology, quantum gravity, experimental aspects of gravitation, and conceptual and historical issues. Theconference attracted over 200 scientists from 31 countries, among them a number of leading experts in the f ield of general relativity and its applications. This volume includes abstracts of the plenary talks and full texts ofcontributed talks and articles based on the posters presented at the conference. These describe primarily original results of the authors . Full texts of the plenary talks are included in the volume General Relativity, Cosmology andAstrophysics--Perspectives 100 Years after Einstein in Prague, eds. J. Bik and T. Ledvinka, published also by Springer Verlag
Contents:Abstracts of Plenary Talks
Part I Classical General Relativity
Exact Hairy Black Holes
Black Hole Formation from a Complete Past for the Einstein
Vlasov System
How to Measure Deviation from the Kerr Initial Data Recent Progress
Hidden Symmetries of the Dirac Equation in Curved Space
time
Geometrostatics: the Geometry of Static Space
times
The Gravitational Equation in Higher Dimensions
Geometric Inequalities for Black Holes
Scalar Fields on anti
de Sitter Background
Canonical Super energy Tensors in General Relativity: a Reappraisal
Einsteins Prague F
ISBN:9783319067612
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v157
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319055213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2013) [electronic resource] : Proceedings, Antalya, Turkey, 9-12 October 2013
Author(s): Ahmet Yavuz Oral
Zehra Banu Bahsi
Mehmet Ozer
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2013) was held on 9-12 October, 2013. This three-day congress focused on the latest developments of sustainable energy technologies, materials forsustainable energy ap plications and environmental & economic perspectives of energy. These proceedings include 63 peer reviewed technical papers, submitted from leading academic and research institutions from over 23 countries,representing some of the most cutting edge resear ch available. The papers included were presented at the congress in the following sessions: General Issues Wind Energy Solar Energy Nuclear Energy Biofuels and Bioenergy Energy StorageEnergy Conservation and Efficiency Energy in Buildings Economical and Environmental Issues Environment Energy Requirements Economic Development Materials for Sustainable Energy Hydrogen Production and Storage Photovoltaic CellsThermionic Converters Batteries and Superconductors Phase Change Materials Fuel Cells Superconduc tors
Contents:Study of the Effect of Transition Metals on Titanium Dioxide Phase Transformation
Green Synthesized CdSe Quantum Dots Capped by 3
Mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) Sensitized Solar Cells
Study of the Thermal Decomposition of Some Components of Biomass by Desorption Mass Spectrometry
Thermal Properties of Algerian Diatomite, Study of the Possibility to its Use in the Thermal Insulation
Optimal Resource Allocation in Steel Making Using Torrefied Biomass as Auxiliary Reductant
Numerical Simulation of Cavity with an Upper Free Surface
Walk Optimization of a Drilling Operation Carried
ISBN:9783319055213
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v155
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electric engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037745:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Breaking of Supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in Extended Supergravity [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati School 2013
Author(s): Stefano Bellucci
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the seventh volume in a series on the general topics of supersymmetry, supergravity, black objects (including black holes), and the attractor mechanism. The present volume is based on lectures held in March 2013 at theINFN-Laboratori Nazional i di Frascati during the Breaking of supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in extended Supergravity Workshop (BUDS 2013), organized by Stefano Bellucci, with the participation of prestigious speakersincluding P. Aschieri, E. Bergshoeff, M. Cederwall, T. Dennen, P. Di Vecchia, S. Ferrara, R. Kallosh, A. Karlsson, M. Koehn, B. Ovrut, A. Van Proeyen, G. Ruppeiner. Special attention is devoted to discussing topics related to thecancellation of ultraviolet divergences in extended supergravity and Born-Infe ld-like actions. All talks were followed by extensive discussions and subsequent reworking of the various contributions, a feature which is reflected in theunique flavor of this volume
Contents:Superconformal Symmetry and Higher
Derivative Lagrangians
Constitutive relations, o_ shell duality rotations and the hypergeometric form of Born
Infeld theory
Vector Branes
Pure spinor superfields an overview
Loop amplitude diagrams in manifest, maximal supergravity
Perturbative Ultraviolet Calculations in Supergravity
Scalars with higher derivatives in supergravity and cosmology
The leading eikonal operator in string
brane scattering at high energy
Ghost Condensation in N = 1 Supergravity
Thermodynamic curvature and black holes
ISBN:9783319037745
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v153
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319020631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Accelerated Cosmic Expansion [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the Fourth International Meeting on Gravitation and Cosmology
Author(s): Claudia Moreno Gonzlez
Jos Edgar Madriz Aguilar
Luz Marina Reyes Barrera
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume provides both an update and a review of the state of alternative theories of gravity, in connection with the issue of the accelerated expansion of the universe. Different theoretical proposals explain the accelerationin cosmic expansion, generating the dark energy issue and opening the possibilities of alternative theories of gravity (besides general relativity). Related issues, such as the problem of dark matter, are also surveyed in order to givethe readers profound insight on the subje ct from different points of view. Comprised of short talks and plenary lectures given by leading experts in the field, some of them with brilliant and historic contributions, this book allowsthe reader to find referenced surveys in topics like f(R) theori es, the dark matter and dark energy issues, Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) scenarios, f(T) theories, scalar-tensor theories derived from non-Riemannian geometries,emergent universes, the cosmological constant and other topics of current interest for p hysicists and graduate students. These proceedings are from the Fourth International Meeting on Gravitation and Cosmology, held in Guadalajara,Jalisco, Mxico, from 20 - 25 May, 2012, and were sponsored by ICTP- Trieste, Italy and COECyTJAL-Universidad de Guadalajara, Mxico. This event is a series of scientific meetings that was started in 2004 in Cuba, focusing on currentand selected topics in the fields of gravitation and cosmology
Contents:From the Contents: Part I Modified Theories of Gravity
Recovering Flat Rotation Curves and Galactic Dynamics from f(R)
gravity
Part II Cosmology and Dark Energy
Vector Fields Resembling Dark Energy
Part III Other Topics
Relativistic Dust Thin Disks with Halo and Magnetic Field
ISBN:9783319020631
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591 : v38
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319014876:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Top Quark Pair Production [electronic resource] : Precision Measurements of the Top Quark Pair Production Cross Section in the Single Lepton Channel with the ATLAS Experiment
Author(s): Anna Christine Henrichs
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Before any kind of new physics discovery could be made at the LHC, a precise understanding and measurement of the Standard Model of particle physics' processes was necessary. The book provides an introduction to top quarkproduction in the context of the Standard Model and presents two such precise measurements of the production of top quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV that were observed with the ATLASExperiment at the LHC. The presented measurements focus on events with one charged lepton, missing transverse energy and jets. Using novel and advanced analysis techniques as well as a good understanding of the detector, theyconstitute the most precise measurements of the quantity at that time
Contents:Introduction
The Top Quark in the Context of the Standard Model
Experimental Setup
Objects and Processes
General Analysis Strategy
Measurement of tt in 35 pb1 of Data
Measurement of tt in 0.7 fb1 of Data
Future Extension to a Simultaneous Measurement of tt and Rb
Conclusions
Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 35 pb1 of Data
Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 0.7 fb1 of Data
ISBN:9783319014876
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319012100:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Generalized Perturbations in Modified Gravity and Dark Energy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jonathan Pearson
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:When predictions of Einstein's theory of General Relativity are compared against observations of our Universe, a huge inconsistency is found. The most popular fix for this inconsistency is to invent around 94% of the contentof the universe: dark matt er and dark energy. The dark energy is some exotic substance responsible for the apparent observed acceleration of the Universe. Another fix is to modify the theory of gravity: it is entirely plausible thatEinstein's theory of General Relativity breaks do wn on cosmological scales, just as Newton's theory of gravity breaks down in the extreme gravitational field of the Sun. There are many alternative theories of gravity, each with theaim of describing observations of our Universe where General Relativity f ails. Whether it is dark energy or some modified theory of gravity, it is clear that there is some dark sector in the Universe.In this thesis theauthorconstructs a unifying framework for understanding the observational impact of general classes of dark se ctor theories, by formulating equations of state for the dark sector perturbations
Contents:Gravitational theories and cosmology
The effective action formalism for cosmological perturbations
Metric only and first order scalar field theory
High derivative theories
Explicit theories
Connections to massive gravity
Generalized fluid description
Observational signatures of generalized cosmological perturbations
Discussion and final remarks
ISBN:9783319012100
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319002972:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers of Fundamental Physics and Physics Education Research [electronic resource]
Author(s): Burra G Sidharth
Marisa Michelini
Lorenzo Santi
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In a knowledge-based society, research into fundamental physics plays a vital role not only in the enhancement of human knowledge but also in the development of new technology that affects everday life.The international symposiumseries Frontiers of F undamental Physics (FFP) regularly brings together eminent scholars and researchers working in various areas in physics to exchange expertise, ideas, results, and new research perspectives. The twelfth suchsymposium, FFP12, took place at the University of Udine, Italy, and covered diverse fields of research: astrophysics, high energy physics and particle physics, theoretical physics, gravitation and cosmology, condensed matter physics,statistical physics, computational physics, and mathematical physics. I mportantly, it also devoted a great deal of attention to physics education research, teacher training in modern physics, and popularization of physics. The highscientific level of FFP12 was guaranteed by the careful selection made by scientific coordinato rs from among 250 submissions from 28 countries across the world. During the three days of the conference, nine general talks were deliveredin plenary sessions, 29 invited talks were given in specific topic areas, and 59 oral presentations were made. This book presents a selection of the best contributions at FFP12 with the aim of acquainting readers with the mostimportant recent advances in fundamental physics and in physics education and teacher development
Contents:From the Contents: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Particle Physics and High Energy Physics
Gravitation and Cosmology
Condensed Matter Physics
Statistical Physics
Theoretical Physics
Mathematical Physics
Computational Physics
Physics Teaching/Learning and Teachers Formation
Popularization of Physics
ISBN:9783319002972
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v145
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493908080:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization in Science and Engineering [electronic resource] : In Honor of the 60th Birthday of Panos M. Pardalos
Author(s): Themistocles M Rassias
Christodoulos A Floudas
Sergiy Butenko
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Optimization in Science and Engineering is dedicated in honor of the 60th birthday of Distinguished Professor Panos M. Pardalos. Pardaloss past and ongoing work has made a significant impact on several theoretical and appliedareas in modern optimizat ion. As tribute to the diversity of Dr. Pardaloss work in Optimization, this book comprises a collection of contributions from experts in various fields of this rich and diverse area of science. Topicshighlight recent developments and include: Determinist ic global optimization Variational inequalities and equilibrium problems Approximation and complexity in numerical optimization Non-smooth optimization Statistical models and datamining Applications of optimization in medicine, energy systems, and complex network analysis This volume will be of great interest to graduate students, researchers, and practitioners, in the fields of optimization and engineering
Contents:Piecewise Linear Classifiers Based on Nonsmooth Optimization Approaches
Variational Inequality Models Arising in the Study of Viscoelastic Materials
Neighboring Local Optimal Solutions and Its Applications
General Traffic Equilibrium Problem with Uncertainty and Random Variational Inequalities
Computational Complexities of Optimization Problems Related to Model Based Clustering of Networks
On Distributed
Lag Modeling Algorithms by r
Convexity and Piecewise Monotonicity
Poincar
Type Inequalities for Greens Operator on Harmonic Forms
The Robustness Concern in Preference
ISBN:9781493908080
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Software engineering , Computer science , Computer aided design , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461495338:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Genericity in Nonlinear Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): Simeon Reich
Alexander J Zaslavski
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents an extensive collection of state-of-the-art results and references in nonlinear functional analysis demonstrating how the generic approach proves to be very useful in solving many interesting and importantproblems. Nonlinear analys is plays an ever-increasing role in theoretical and applied mathematics, as well as in many other areas of science such as engineering, statistics, computer science, economics, finance, and medicine. The textmay be used as supplementary material for gradu ate courses in nonlinear functional analysis, optimization theory and approximation theory, and is a treasure trove for instructors, researchers, and practitioners in mathematics and inthe mathematical sciences. Each chapter is self-contained proofs are solid and carefully communicated. Genericity in Nonlinear Analysis is the first book to systematically present the generic approach to nonlinear analysis. Topicspresented include convergence analysis of powers and infinite products via the Baire Category Theorem, fixed point theory of both single- and set-valued mappings, best approximation problems, discrete and continuous descent methods forminimization in a general Banach space, and the structure of minimal energy configurations with rational numbers i n the AubryMather theory
Contents:Preface
1. Introduction
2. Fixed Point Results and Convergence of Powers of Operators
3. Contractive Mappings
4. Dynamical Systems with Convex Lyapunov Functions
5. Relatively Nonexpansive Operators with Respect to Bregman Distances
6. Infinite Products
7.Best Approximation
8. Descent Methods
9. Set
Valued Mappings
References
Index
ISBN:9781461495338
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Developments in Mathematics, 1389-2177 : v34
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional analysis , Operator theory , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461478911:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring Science Through Science Fiction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Barry B Luokkala
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:How does Einsteins description of space and time compare with Dr. Who? Can James Bond really escape from an armor-plated railroad car by cutting through the floor with a laser concealed in a wristwatch? What would it take tocreate a fully-intelligent android, such as Star Treks Commander Data? How might we discover intelligent civilizations on other planets in the galaxy? Is human teleportation possible? Will our technological society ever reach thepoint at which it becomes lawful to discriminate on the basis of genetic information, as in the movie GATTACA? Exploring Science Through Science Fiction addresses these and other interesting questions, using science fiction as aspringboard for discussing fundamental science concepts and cutting-edge scienc e research. The book is designed as a primary text for a college-level course which should appeal to students in the fine arts and humanities as well as toscience and engineering students. It includes references to original research papers, landmark scien tific publications and technical documents, as well as a broad range of science literature at a more popular level. With over 180references to specific scenes in 130 sci-fi movies and TV episodes, spanning over 100 years of cinematic history, it should be an enjoyable read for anyone with an interest in science and science fiction
Contents:Preface
1 Introduction: Discerning the Real, the Possible and the Impossible
2 What is the Nature of Space and Time? (the physics of space travel and time travel)
3 What is the Universe Made of? (matter, energy and interactions)
4 Can a Machine Become Self Aware? (the sciences of computing and cognition)
5 Are We Alone in the Universe? (the search for extraterrestrial intelligence)
6 What does it Mean to be Human? (biological sciences, biotechnology and other considerations)
7 How do We Solve Our Problems? (science, technology and society)
8 What Lies Ahead? (the future
ISBN:9781461478911
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Astrophysics , Science (General) , Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781447164227:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Potential Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lester L Helms
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:London : Springer London : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Potential Theory presents a clear path from calculus to classical potential theory and beyond, with the aim of moving the reader into the area of mathematical research as quickly as possible. The subject matter is developed fromfirst principles using only calculus. Commencing with the inverse square law for gravitational and electromagnetic forces and the divergence theorem, the author develops methods for constructing solutions of Laplace's equation on aregion with prescribed values on the boundary of the region. The latter half of the book addresses more advanced material aimed at those with the background of a senior undergraduate or beginning graduate course in real analysis.Starting with solutions of the Dirichlet problem subject to mixed bounda ry conditions on the simplest of regions, methods of morphing such solutions onto solutions of Poisson's equation on more general regions are developed usingdiffeomorphisms and the Perron-Wiener-Brelot method, culminating in application to Brownian motion . In this new edition, many exercises have been added to reconnect the subject matter to the physical sciences. This book willundoubtedly be useful to graduate students and researchers in mathematics, physics, and engineering
Contents:Preliminaries
Laplaces Equation
The Dirichlet Problem
Green Functions
Negligible Sets
Dirichlet Problem for Unbounded Regions
Energy
Interpolation and Monotonicity
Newtonian Potential
Elliptic Operators
Apriori Bounds
Oblique Derivative Problem
Application to Diffusion Processes
ISBN:9781447164227
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Universitext, 0172-5939
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Potential theory (Mathematics) , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400754102:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:General Relativity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Norbert Straumann
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a completely revised and expanded version of the previous classic edition General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics. In Part I the foundations of general relativity are thoroughly developed, whilePart II is devoted to tests of general relativity and many of its applications. Binary pulsars our best laboratories for general relativity are studied in considerable detail. An introduction to gravitational lensing theory isincluded as well, so as to make the current literature on the subject accessible to readers. Considerable attention is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to black holes. This includes a detailed derivation of the Kerrsolution, Israels proof of his uniqueness theorem, and a derivation of the b asic laws of black hole physics. Part II ends with Wittens proof of the positive energy theorem, which is presented in detail, together with the requiredtools on spin structures and spinor analysis. In Part III, all of the differential geometric tools req uired are developed in detail. A great deal of effort went into refining and improving the text for the new edition. New material hasbeen added, including a chapter on cosmology. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in physics, astrophys ics and mathematics. It utilizes a very well structured approach, which should help it continue to be a standardwork for a modern treatment of gravitational physics. The clear presentation of differential geometry also makes it useful for work on string t heory and other fields of physics, classical as well as quantum
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Part I The General Theory of Relativity
Introduction
Physics in External Gravitational Fields
Einsteins Field Equations
Part II Applications of General Relativity
The Schwarzschild Solution and Classical Tests of General Relativity
Weak Gravitational Fields
The Post
Newtonian Approximation
White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars
Black Holes
The Positive Mass Theorem
Essentials of Friedmann
Lematre Models
Part III Differential Geometry
Differentiable Manifolds
Tangent Vectors, Vector and Tensor Fields
The Lie Derivative
Different
ISBN:9789400754102
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9788132210535:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Combinatorial Matrix Theory and Generalized Inverses of Matrices [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ravindra B Bapat
Steve J Kirkland
K. Manjunatha Prasad
Simo Puntanen
Date:2013
Publisher:India : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book consists of eighteen articles in the area of `Combinatorial Matrix Theory' and `Generalized Inverses of Matrices'. Original research and expository articles presented in this publication are written by leadingMathematicians and Statistician s working in these areas. The articles contained herein are on the following general topics: `matrices in graph theory', `generalized inverses of matrices', `matrix methods in statistics' and `magicsquares'. In the area of matrices and graphs, speci_c top ics addressed in this volume include energy of graphs, q-analog, immanants of matrices and graph realization of product of adjacency matrices. Topics in the book from `MatrixMethods in Statistics' are, for example, the analysis of BLUE via eigenvalues of covariance matrix, copulas, error orthogonal model, and orthogonal projectors in the linear regression models. Moore-Penrose inverse of perturbedoperators, reverse order law in the case of inde_nite inner product space, approximation numbers, condition nu mbers, idempotent matrices, semiring of nonnegative matrices, regular matrices over incline and partial order of matrices arethe topics addressed under the area of theory of generalized inverses. In addition to the above traditional topics and a report on CMTGIM 2012 as an appendix, we have an article on old magic squares from India
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Skew Spectrum of the Cartesian Product of an Oriented Graph with an Oriented Hypercube
Notes on Explicit Block Diagonalization
The Third Immanant of q
Laplacian Matrices of Trees and Laplacians of Regular Graphs
Matrix Product of Graphs
Determinant of the Laplacian Matrix of Weighted Directed Graphs
From Multivariate Skewed Distributions to Copulas
Revisiting the BLUE in a Linear Model via Proper Eigenvectors
Inference in Error Orthogonal Models
On the Entries of Orthogonal Projection Matrices
Moore
Penrose Inverse of Perturbed Operators on Hilbert Spaces
The Rev
ISBN:9788132210535
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Matrix theory , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642372766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Special Relativity in General Frames [electronic resource] : From Particles to Astrophysics
Author(s): ric Gourgoulhon
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Special relativity is the basis of many fields in modern physics: particle physics, quantum field theory, high-energy astrophysics, etc. This theory is presented here by adopting a four-dimensional point of view from the start.An outstanding feature of the book is that it doesnt restrict itself to inertial frames but considers accelerated and rotating observers. It is thus possible to treat physical effects such as the Thomas precession or the Sagnaceffect in a simple yet precise manner. In the final chapters, more advanced topics like tensorial fields in spacetime, exterior calculus and relativistic hydrodynamics are addressed. In the last, brief chapter the author gives apreview of gravity and shows where it becomes incompatible with Minkowsky spac etime. Well illustrated and enriched by many historical notes, this book also presents many applications of special relativity, ranging from particle physics(accelerators, particle collisions, quark-gluon plasma) to astrophysics (relativistic jets, active galactic nuclei), and including practical applications (Sagnac gyrometers, synchrotron radiation, GPS). In addition, the book providessome mathematical developments, such as the detailed analysis of the Lorentz group and its Lie algebra. The book is suit able for students in the third year of a physics degree or on a masters course, as well as researchers and anyreader interested in relativity. Thanks to the geometric approach adopted, this book should also be beneficial for the study of general relativit y. A modern presentation of special relativity must put forward its essentialstructures, before illustrating them using concrete applications to specific dynamical problems. Such is the challenge (so successfully met!) of the beautiful book by ric Gourgou lhon. (excerpt from the Foreword by ThibaultDamour)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Minkowski Spacetime
Worldlines and Proper Time
Observers
Kinematics 1: Motion with Respect to an Observer
Kinematics 2: Change of Observer
Lorentz Group
Lorentz Group as a Lie Group
Inertial Observers and Poincar Group
Energy and Momentum
Angular Momentum
Principle of Least Action
Accelerated Observers
Rotating Observers
Tensors and Alternate Forms
Fields on Spacetime
Integration in Spacetime
Electromagnetic Field
Maxwell Equations
Energy
Momentum Tensor
Energy
Momentum of the Electromagnetic Field
Relativistic Hydrodynamics
What
ISBN:9783642372766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642357985:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Einstein in Matrix Form [electronic resource] : Exact Derivation of the Theory of Special and General Relativity without Tensors
Author(s): Gnter Ludyk
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is an introduction to the theories of Special and General Relativity. The target audience are physicists, engineers and applied scientists who are looking for an understandable introduction to the topic - without toomuch new mathematics. Th e fundamental equations of Einsteins theory of Special and General Relativity are derived using matrix calculus, without the help of tensors. This feature makes the book special and a valuable tool forscientists and engineers with no experience in the fie ld of tensor calculus. In part I the foundations of Special Relativity are developed, part II describes the structure and principle of General Relativity. Part III explains theSchwarzschild solution of spherical body gravity and examines the Black Hole ph enomenon. Any necessary mathematical tools are user friendly provided, either directly in the text or in the appendices
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Special Relativity
The Galilei Transformation
The Lorentz Transformation
The Invariance of Quadratic Forms
Velocity Addition
Lorentz Transformation of Velocities
Lorentz Transformation of Impulses
Acceleration and Force
Relativistic Electrodynamics
Energy Momentum Matrix
General Relativity
General Relativity and Riemannian Geometry
ISBN:9783642357985
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Mechanics , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319011073:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Special Relativity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Valerio Faraoni
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book offers an essential bridge between college-level introductions and advanced graduate-level books on special relativity. It begins at an elementary level, presenting and discussing the basic concepts normally covered incollege-level works, i ncluding the Lorentz transformation. Subsequent chapters introduce the four-dimensional worldview implied by the Lorentz transformations, mixing time and space coordinates, before continuing on to the formalism oftensors, a topic usually avoided in lower- level courses. The books second half addresses a number of essential points, including the concept of causality the equivalence between mass and energy, including applications relativisticoptics and measurements and matter in Minkowski spacetime. The clos ing chapters focus on the energy-momentum tensor of a continuous distribution of mass-energy and its covariant conservation angular momentum a discussion of thescalar field of perfect fluids and the Maxwell field and general coordinates. Every chapter is supplemented by a section with numerous exercises, allowing readers to practice the theory. These exercises constitute an essential part ofthe textbook, and the solutions to approximately half of them are provided in the appendix
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals of Special Relativity
Introduction
The Principle of Relativity
Groupsthe Galilei group
Galileian law of addition of velocities
The lesson from electromagnetism
The postulates of Special Relativity
Consequences of the postulates
Conclusion
Problems
The Lorentz transformation
Introduction
The Lorentz transformation
Derivation of the Lorentz transformation
Mathematical properties of the Lorentz transformation
Absolute speed limit and causality
Length contraction from the Lorentz transformation
Time dilation from the Lorentz tran
ISBN:9783319011073
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319005874:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativity for Everyone [electronic resource] : How Space-Time Bends
Author(s): Kurt Fischer
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book explains the theory of special and general relativity in detail, without digressions such as information on Einstein's life or the historical background. However, complicated calculations are replaced with figures andthought experiments, th e text being formulated in such a way that the reader will be able to understand the gist intuitively. The first part of the book focuses on the essentials of special relativity. Explanations are provided of thefamous equivalence between mass and energy a nd of why Einstein was able to use the theory of electrodynamics as a template for his electrodynamics of moving bodies, simply because besides the speed of light, the electric chargeitself is also absolute, leading to the relativity of other physical qua ntities. General relativity is then introduced, mainly with the help of thought experiments. Reference is made to the previously introduced special relativity andthe equivalence principle and, using many figures, it is explained how space-time is bending under gravity. The climax of the book comes with the Einstein equations of gravity that describe the way in which matter bends space-time. Thereader is shown how to obtain the famous Schwarzschild solution. There follows a numerically correct and yet intu itive explanation of the classic effects such as light bending or the movement of the perihelion. The book concludes byexplaining the Friedmann model of the big bang and why the theory of gravity does not fit with quantum theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Light, matter, and energy
Light, time, mass, and length
Light, electricity, and magnetism
Acceleration and inertia
Inertia and gravity
Equivalence principle in action
How mass creates gravity
Solving the Einstein equation of gravity
General Relativity in action
Epilogue
Appendices
ISBN:9783319005874
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004228:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetic Simulations of Ion Transport in Fusion Devices [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrs Bustos Molina
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This thesis deals with the problem of ion confinement in thermonuclear fusion devices. It is a topic of general interest, as it helps to understand via numerical simulations the ion confinement properties in complex geometries,in order to predict the ir behavior and maximize the performance of future fusion reactors. The main work carried out in this thesis is the improvement and exploitation of an existing simulation code called ISDEP. This code solves theso-called ion collisional transport in arbitr ary plasma geometry, improving in this sense other existing codes. Additionally, it presents outstanding portability and scalability in distributed computing architectures, such as Grid orVolunteer Computing. The main physical results can be divided into two blocks. First, the study of 3D ion transport in ITER is presented. ITER is the largest fusion reactor (under construction) and most of the simulations so far assumethe axis-symmetry of the device. Unfortunately, this symmetry is only an approximation because of the discrete number of magnetic coils used. ISDEP has shown, using a simple model of the 3D magnetic field, how the ion confinement isaffected by this symmetry breaking. Secondly, ISDEP has been applied successfully to the study of fast ion dyn amics in fusion plasmas. The fast ions, with energies much larger than the thermal energy, are a product of the devicesheating system. Thus, a numerical predictive tool can be used to improve the heating efficiency. ISDEP has been combined with the FAFNER 2 code to study such ions in stellarator (TJ-II, LHD) and tokamak (ITER) geometries. It has alsobeen validated by experimental results. In particular, comparisons with the CNPA diagnostic in the TJ-II stellarator are remarkable
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
ISDEP
3D Transport in ITER
Simulations of Fast Ions in Stellarators
Simulations of NBI Ion Transport in ITER
Overview and Conclusions
ISBN:9783319004228
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004167:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structural Additive Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): David J Grynkiewicz
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nestled between number theory, combinatorics, algebra, and analysis lies a rapidly developing subject in mathematics variously known as additive combinatorics, additive number theory, additive group theory, and combinatorialnumber theory. Its main ob jects of study are not abelian groups themselves, but rather the additive structure of subsets and subsequences of an abelian group, i.e. sumsets and subsequence sums. This text is a hybrid of a researchmonograph and an introductory graduate textbook. Wit h few exceptions, all results presented are self-contained, written in great detail, and only reliant upon material covered in an advanced undergraduate curriculum supplemented withsome additional Algebra, rendering this book usable as an entry-level text . However, it will perhaps be of even more interest to researchers already in the field. The majority of material is not found in book form and includes many newresults as well. Even classical results, when included, are given in greater generality or usi ng new proof variations. The text has a particular focus on results of a more exact and precise nature, results with strong hypotheses andyet stronger conclusions, and on fundamental aspects of the theory. Also included are intricate results often neglect ed in other texts owing to their complexity. Highlights include an extensive treatment of Freiman Homomorphisms andthe Universal Ambient Group of sumsets A+B, an entire chapter devoted to Hamidounes Isoperimetric Method, a novel generalization allowing in finite summands in finite sumset questions, weighted zero-sum problems treated in thegeneral context of viewing homomorphisms as weights, and simplified proofs of the Kemperman Structure Theorem and the Partition Theorem for setpartitions.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Abelian Groups and Character Sums
2. Introduction to Sumsets
3. Simple Results for Torsion
Free Abelian Groups
4. Basic Results for Sumsets with an Infinite Summand
5. The Pigeonhole and Multiplicity Bounds
6. Periodic Sets and Kneser's Theorem
7. Compression, Complements and the 3k4 Theorem
8. Additive Energy
9. Kemperman's Critical Pair Theory
10. Zero
Sums, Setpartitions and Subsequence Sums
11. Long Zero
Sum Free Sequencesover Cyclic Groups
12. Pollard's Theorem for General Abelian Groups
13. The DeVosGoddynMohar Theorem
14. The Partitio
ISBN:9783319004167
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Developments in Mathematics, 1389-2177 : v30
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algebra , Sequences (Mathematics) , Number theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461478256:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lecture Notes on Newtonian Mechanics [electronic resource] : Lessons from Modern Concepts
Author(s): Ilya L Shapiro
Guilherme de Berredo-Peixoto
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One could make the claim that all branches of physics are basically generalizations of classical mechanics. It is also often the first course which is taught to physics students. The approach of this book is to construct anintermediate discipline bet ween general courses of physics and analytical mechanics, using more sophisticated mathematical tools. The aim of this book is to prepare a self-consistent and compact text that is very useful for teachers aswell as for independent study
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Content: Part I: Kinematics
Kinematics of a Particle
Movement of a Particle at the Moving Basis
Polar Coordinates in the Plane, Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates in Space
Part II: Newtons Laws
Inertial Frame
Newtons Second Law
Brief Classification of Forces in Mechanics
Conservation of Momentum for the Systems of Particles
Linear Momentum
Problem of Two Bodies
Work of the Force and Conservative Forces
Energy Conservation
Particle in the Potential Force Field
Conservation of Mechanical Energy in Closed Systems
Kinetic Energy in Dif
ISBN:9781461478256
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mechanics , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400754225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Ultra Rays to Astroparticles [electronic resource] : A Historical Introduction to Astroparticle Physics
Author(s): Brigitte Falkenburg
Wolfgang Rhode
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is a historical introduction to astroparticle physics. Its scope is to give an overview of this complex field of research, starting with the discovery of cosmic rays (Victor Hess, 1912) until the current experiments withparticle telescopes. The book focuses on the ways in which physics changes in the course of this history. The following changes run parallel, overlap, and/or interact: - Discovery of effects like X-rays, radioactivity, cosmic rays,new particles, the Cosmic Microwave Backgro und and its anisotropies, but also progress through non-discoveries (monopoles) etc. - The change of the description of nature in physics, as consequence of the scientific revolutionsat the beginning of the 20th century, giving rise to quantum physics, relativity, etc. - The shifts from particle physics to cosmology and to particle physics with cosmic accelerators. - The change of experimental methods,cooperations, and disciplinary divisions. With regard to the latter change, a main topic of the boo k is to make the specific multi-disciplinary features of astroparticle physics clear to undergraduate and graduate students,historians of physics, and philosophers of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 From the discovery of radioactivity to first accelerator experiments
3 Development of Cosmology:From a Static Universe to Accelerated Expansion
4 Evolution of Astrophysics5.1 Introduction and General Overview
5 Development of Ultra High
Energy Cosmic Ray Research
6 Very
High Energy Gamma
Ray Astronomy
7 Search for the neutrino mass and low energy neutrino astronomy
8 From Particle Physics to Astroparticle Physics: Proton Decay and the Rise of Non
Accelerator Physics
10 From Waves to Particle Tracks and Quantum Probabilities
A Timetable
B Nob
ISBN:9789400754225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400745582:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Collisional Plasmas [electronic resource] : Introduction to High-Frequency Discharges
Author(s): Michel Moisan
Jacques Pelletier
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Physics of Collisional Plasmas deals with the plasma physics of interest to laboratory research and industrial applications, such as lighting, fabrication of microelectronics, destruction of greenhouse gases. Its emphasis ison explaining the phys ical mechanisms, rather than the detailed mathematical description and theoretical analysis. At the introductory level, it is important to convey the characteristic physical phenomena of plasmas, before addressingthe ultimate formalism of kinetic theory, with its microscopic, statistical mechanics approach. To this aim, this text translates the physical phenomena into more tractable equations, using the hydrodynamic model this considers theplasma as a fluid, in which the macroscopic physical parameters ar e the statistical averages of the microscopic (individual) parameters. Thisbook is an introduction to the physics of collisional plasmas, as opposed to plasmas inspace. It is intended for graduate students in physics and engineering . The first chapter in troduces with progressively increasing detail, the fundamental concepts of plasma physic. The motion of individual charged particles invarious configurations of electric and magnetic fields is detailed in the second chapter while the third chapter conside rs the collective motion of the plasma particles described according to a hydrodynamic model. The fourth chapter ismost original in that it introduces a general approach to energy balance, valid for all types of discharges comprising direct current(DC) an d high frequency (HF) discharges, including an applied static magnetic field. The basicconcepts required in this fourth chapter have been progressively introduced in the previous chapters. The text is enriched with approx. 100 figures, and alphabetical in dex and 45 fully resolved problems. Mathematical and physicalappendices provide complementary information or allow to go deeper in a given subject
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgments
Symbols
Acronyms
Physical constants
Other constants
1 The Plasma State: Definition and orders of magnitude of principal quantities
2 Individual motion of a charged particle in electric and magnetic fields
3 Hydrodynamic description of a plasma
4 Introduction to the physics of HF discharges
Appendices I XIX
References
Recommended reading
Index
ISBN:9789400745582
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Structural control (Engineering) , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400729988:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics for Chemists, Physicists and Engineers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert Hoyst
Andrzej Poniewierski
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Undergraduate textbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9789400729988
Series:e-books
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Energy, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400724648:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particles and Fundamental Interactions [electronic resource] : An Introduction to Particle Physics
Author(s): Sylvie Braibant
Giorgio Giacomelli
Maurizio Spurio
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book aims to provide the basis of theoretical foundation and phenomenological knowledge of the structure of matter at the subatomic level. It starts by presenting the general concepts at the simplest level and does notrequire previous knowledge of the field, except for the basic quantum mechanics. The readers are gradually introduced to the increasingly more advanced topics, so that this text can accompany students all the way to their graduate anddoctoral studies in experimental high-energy phy sics. Special emphasis is placed onexperimental and phenomenological aspects of the field and how measurements and theory interplay in the development of particle physics. The book isbased on the authors undergraduate and graduate lecture courses at the U niversity of Bologna, Italy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Historical Notes and Fundamental Concepts
2. Particle Interactions with Matter and Detectors
3. Particle Accelerators and Particle Detection
4. The Paradigm of Interactions: the Electromagnetic Case
5. FirstDiscussionof the Other Fundamental Interactions
6 Invariance and Conservation Principles
7. Hadron Interactions at Low Energies and theStatic Quark Model
8. Weak Interactions and Neutrinos
9. Discoveries in Electron
Positron Collisions
10. High Energy Interactions atthe Dynamic Quark Model
11. The Standard Model of the Microcosm
12. CP
ISBN:9789400724648
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Nuclear physics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847020467:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lenigma dei raggi cosmici [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alessandro Angelis
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Language: It
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9788847020467
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Energy, general , Popular Science in Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847015043:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams [electronic resource] : A Course of Theoretical Particle Physics for Beginners
Author(s): Riccardo D'Auria
Mario Trigiante
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This books aims at filling a gap between the basics courses of classical and quantum mechanics and advanced courses of (relativistic) quantum mechanics and field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the role of symmetry inmodern theoretical physic s. For this reason this book is particularly suited to those students who are interested in a deeper knowledge of modern developments in elementary particle physics and relativity, even if they choose not tospecialize in this branch of research. This targ et of readers includes, besides experimental and applied physicists, also those engineers who need advanced notions of theoretical high energy physics, in view of future research activityin the field theory approach to condensed matter, in accelerator phy sics and in all those modern technology sectors which require a more advanced and sophisticated theoretical physics background. Courses motivated by these objectivesare present in several polytechnic institutes around the world. The last chapters of this book, in particular, are of particular importance to those engineers who plan to work in high energy physics research centres, like LHC at CERN,or to collaborate to experiments on the revelation of gravitational waves. As far as engineering is concerned, it is important to stress that elementary Special and General Relativity courses are often absent in their curricula
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788847015043
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:UNITEXT, 2038-5714
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642321191:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Harald Rose
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This second edition is an extended version of the first edition of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The updated reference monograph is intended as a guide for researchers and graduate students who are seeking a comprehensivetreatment of the desig n of instruments and beam-guiding systems of charged particles and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave aspects are included in this edition for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohmeffect and the resolution of electron microscope s limited by diffraction. Several methods for calculating the electromagnetic field are presented and procedures are outlined for calculating the properties of systems with arbitrarilycurved axis. Detailed methods are presented for designing and optimizin g special components such as aberration correctors, spectrometers, energy filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. In particular, theoptics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and systems composed of these element s are discussed extensively. Beam properties such as emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are outlined.Relativistic motion and spin precession of the electron are treated in a covariant way by introducing the Lorentz-invaria nt universal time and by extending Hamiltons principle from three to four spatial dimensions where thelaboratory time is considered as the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. Using this procedure and introducing the self action of the electron, its accompan ying electromagnetic field and its radiation field are calculated for arbitrarymotion. In addition, the Stern-Gerlach effect is revisited for atomic and free electrons
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Properties of the Electron
Multipole Expansion of the Electromagnetic Field
Gaussian Optics
General Principles of Particle Motion
Beam Properties
Path Deviations
Aberrations
Correction of Aberrations
Electron Mirrors
Optics of Electron Guns
Confinement of Charged Particles
Monochromator and Energy Filters
Relativistic Electron Motion and Spin Precession
Self
Action
ISBN:9783642321191
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v142
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642303852:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Einstein's Relativity [electronic resource] : The Ultimate Key to the Cosmos
Author(s): Fred I Cooperstock
Steven Tieu
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This richly illustrated book is unique in bringing Einstein's relativity to a higher level for the non-specialist than has ever been attempted before, using nothing more than grade-school algebra. Bondi's approach with spacetimediagrams is simplified and expanded, clarifying the famous asymmetric aging-of-twins paradox. Einstein's theory of gravity, general relativity, is simplified for the reader using spacetime diagrams. The theory is applied to importanttopics in physics such as gravitational wave s, gravitational collapse and black holes, time machines, the relationship to the quantum world, galactic motions and cosmology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preliminary Aspects of Classical Physics
A Simple Approach to Einstein's Special Relativity
Introducing Einstein's General Relativity
Testing Einsteins General Relativity
Gravitational Waves and Energy
Momentum
The Universe According to Relativity
Spacetime Diagrams for General Relativity
The Motion of the Stars in the Galaxies
The Motion of Galaxies in Galaxy Clusters
Dark Energy
Time Machines, the Multiverse and Other Fantasies
ISBN:9783642303852
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642243752:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From the Universe to the Elementary Particles [electronic resource] : A First Introduction to Cosmology and the Fundamental Interactions
Author(s): Ulrich Ellwanger
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current andcontroversial questions on top ics such as string theory. The book containsgentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these conceptsare understood with the help of simple calculations for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently knowninteractions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak in teractions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory andthe idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers andother science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique bo ok
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Overview
The Evolution of the Universe
Elements of the Theory of Relativity
The Theory of Fields
Electrodynamics
The Strong Interaction
The Weak Interaction
The Production of Elementary Particles
Symmetries
The Standard Model of Particle Physics
Quantum Corrections and the Renormalization Group Equations
Beyond the Standard Model
Appendix
ISBN:9783642243752
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642235658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Basics of Laser Physics [electronic resource] : For Students of Science and Engineering
Author(s): Karl F Renk
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Basics of Laser Physics provides an introductory presentation of the field of all types of lasers. It contains a general description ofthe laser, a theoretical treatment and a characterization of its operation as it deals withgas, solid state, free-e lectron and semiconductor lasers and, furthermore, with a few laser related topics. The different subjects are connected to each other by the central principleof the laser, namely, that it is aself-oscillating system. Special emphasis is put on a uniform treatment of gas and solid-state lasers, on the one hand, and semiconductor lasers, on the other hand. The discussions and the treatment of equations are presented in a waythat a reader can immediately follow. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students of science and engineering.Not only should it enable instructorstoprepare their lectures, but it canbe helpful to studentsforpreparing for an examination
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I General description of a laser and an example
Laser principle
Fabry
Perot resonator
The active medium: energy levels and line broadening
Titanium
sapphire laser
Part II Theoretical basis of the laser
Basis of the theory of the laser: the Einstein coefficients
Amplification of coherent radiation
Laser theory
Polarization and current in a laser medium
Part III Operation of a laser
Cavity resonator
Open resonator
Different ways of operation of a laser
Femtosecond laser
Part IV Types of lasers (except semiconductor lasers)
Solid state laser
ISBN:9783642235658
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Structural control (Engineering) , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642232596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Arrows of Time [electronic resource] A Debate in Cosmology
Author(s): Laura Mersini-Houghton
Rudy Vaas
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The concept of time has fascinated humanity throughout history, and remains one of the biggest mysteries in science and philosophy. Yet a deeper understanding of nature at a fundamental level can only be achieved through acomprehension of this strang e fourth dimension. Furthermore, the origin of the universe is closely intertwined with the puzzle of time: Did time emerge at the big bang? Why does the direction of time conspire with the remarkablyordered initial state of the universe? This book addre ssesmany ofthe most important questions about time: What is time, and is it fundamental or emergent? Why is there such an arrow of time, closely related to the initial stateof the universe, and why do the cosmic, thermodynamic and other arrows agree? Thes e issues are discussed here by leading experts, and each offers a new perspective on the debate. Their contributions delve into the most difficultresearch topic in physics, also describing the latest cutting edge research on the subject. The book also off ers readers a comparison between the different outlooks of philosophy, physics and cosmology on the puzzle of time. Thisvolume is intended to be useful for research purposes, but most chapters are also accessible to a more general audience of scientifical ly educated readers looking for deeper insights.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Clock Ambiguity: Implications and New Developments
Holographic Cosmology and the Arrow of Time
A Momentous Arrow of Time
The Phantom Bounce: A New Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology
The Emergent Nature of Time and the Complex Numbers in Quantum Cosmology
The Arrow of Time in a Dark
Energy
Dominated Universe
The Problem of Time for De Sitters Spacetimes
Fundamental Loss of Quantum Coherence from Quantum Gravity
Micro
time, Macro
time, and the Pseudo
beginning of the Big Bang
Open Problems Regarding the Arrow of Time
ISBN:9783642232596
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v172
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642220647:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Accelerators, Colliders, and the Story of High Energy Physics [electronic resource] : Charming the Cosmic Snake
Author(s): Raghavan Jayakumar
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The Nordic mythological Cosmic Serpent, Ouroboros, is said to be coiled in the depths of the sea, surrounding the Earth with its tail in its mouth. In physics, this snake is a metaphor for the Universe, where the head,symbolizing the largest entity the Cosmos is one with the tail, symbolizing the smallest the fundamental particle. Particle accelerators, colliders and detectors are built by physicists and engineers to uncover the natureof the Universe while discovering its building blocks. Charming the Cosmic Snake takes the readers through the science behind these experimental machines: the physics principles that each stage of the development of particleaccelerators helped to reveal, and the particles they helped to discover. The book culminates with a description of the Large Hadron Collider, one of the worlds largest and most complex machines operating in a 27-km circumferencetunnel near Geneva. That collider may prove or disprove many of our basic theories about the nature of matter. The book provides the material honestly without misrepresenting the science for the sake of excitement or glossing overdifficult notions. The principles behind each type of accelerator is made accessible to the undergraduate student and even to a lay reader with c artoons, illustrations and metaphors. Simultaneously, the book also caters to differentlevels of readers background and provides additional materials for the more interested or diligent reader
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Expanding Universe of Particles
The spark that broke the atom
Natures own accelerator
Cracking the Nucleus
The Spiral Path to Nirvana
Then it rained particles
Rings of Earth
The Synchrotron
The Next Generation Supersynchrotrons
Linear Accelerators, the straight story
The Lotus Posture, Symmetry, Gauge Theories and the Standard Model
Collision course
Particle Detector Experiments
The Snake Charmer
The Large Hadron Collider
Index
ISBN:9783642220647
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Science (General) , Computer engineering
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