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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/22973.16 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword environmental medicine ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319457611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Radiation Effects on Mammals A Dynamical Modeling Approach
Author(s): Olga A Smirnova
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 359 p. 203 illus., 4 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Effects of Acute and Chronic Irradiation on the Blood-Forming System -- Effects of Non-Uniform Acute Irradiation on the Blood-Forming System. - The Small Intestine as a Target for Radiation -- Radiation and Humoral Immunity --
Modeling of Autoimmune Processes -- Individual-Based Approach to Risk Assessment of Radiation-Induced Mortality -- Effects of Acute and Chronic Irradiation on Human Hematopoiesis. - Radiogenic Leukemia Risk Assessment. - Radiation and
Skin. - Conclusions -- Index
ISBN:9783319457611
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Radiology , Occupational medicine , Animal physiology , Biomathematics , Aerospace engineering , Astronautics , Physics , Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics , Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine , Aerospace Technology and Astronautics , Imaging / Radiology , Animal Physiology , Mathematical and Computational Biology
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Call number:9781608070916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:RF linear accelerators for medical and industrial applications
Author(s): Samy Hanna
Date:2012
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (202 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Introduction -- Overview of Role of Accelerators in Our Lives -- A Glance at the History of Accelerator Development -- Development of Electrostatic Accelerators -- Development of Circular Accelerators -- Development of RF Linear Accelerato rs -- Cancer Radiation Therapy -- Market for Industrial Accelerators -- Producing Medical Radioisotopes for Imaging and Nuclear Medicine -- Electron Beam Sterilization of Medical Disposables and Food Processing Nondestructive Testing (NDT) -- Ion Implanta tion in Semiconductor Chip Fabrication -- Processing of Polymers -- Security and Inspection Applications
Chapter 2 Linac Basic Concepts and Constituents -- Fundamental Concepts and Definitions -- Coupled Accelerator Cavities -- Linac.s Different Configurations -- Standing-Wave Linacs -- TW Linacs -- Bunching Mechanism -- Electron Gun Operation -- X-Ray Generation and Target Design -- Mechanism of Conversion -- X-Ray Target Design Requirements -- Target Design Approaches
Chapter 3 Linac Supporting System -- The Linac as a Source for Electron and X-Ray Beams -- Linac Auxiliary Systems -- Linac Vacuum System -- RF Vacuum Window -- Linac Water-Cooling System -- Radio Frequency (RF) System -- RF High-Power Sources -- RF Power Transmission Subsystems
Chapter 4 Manufacturing Techniques of Accelerators -- Manufacturing Processes -- Material Requirements -- Cavity Machining -- Chemical Cleaning -- Assembly and Bonding Techniques -- Brazing -- Diffusion Bonding -- Tuning of Linacs Thermal Outgasing (Bake-Out) -- Electron Gun Activation -- High-Power RF Conditioning -- Linac.s Beam Tests and Test Bunkers -- Common Manufacturing Issues and Imperfections -- Quality Systems in Linac Manufacturing -- Examples of QC and QA Measures -- Ex amples of Statistical Process Control -- Guidelines for Linac Buyers and Users
Chapter 5 Role of Linear Accelerators in Cancer Radiation Therapy -- Basic Radiation Therapy Concepts and Definitions -- Radionuclides-Based Radiation Therapy -- Brachytherapy -- Cobalt Teletherapy -- Accelerator-Based Radiation Therapy -- The Medic al Linac Requirements -- Clinical Use of Linacs in Radiation Therapy -- Clinical Requirements -- Treatment Planning and Simulation -- Dose Fractionation -- Rotational Therapy -- Conformal Radiation Therapy -- Multileaf Collimators (MLCs) -- Intensity-Modu lated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) -- Adaptive Radiation Therapy (ART) -- Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) -- Need for IGRT and Treatment Verification -- Portal Films -- Electronic Portal Imaging Devices -- Tomotherapy -- Robotic Radiosurgery: CyberKnife -- Stereotactic Radiosurgery -- Gamma Knife Radiosurgery -- Intraoperative Radiation Therapy
Chapter 6 Accelerator-Based Industrial Applications -- Use of Accelerators in Material Processing -- Electron Beam Current and Energy Requirements -- Main Applications for Polymer EB Cross-Linking -- Industrial Material Processing Using X-Ray Radiat ion -- Sterilization of Medical Products and Food Irradiation -- Medical Product Sterilization -- Electron Beam Food Processing by Irradiation -- Mechanism of Killing Pathogens -- Environmental Applications of Accelerators -- Wastewater Treatment -- EB Tr eatment of Flue Gases - Reduction of Acid Rain -- Nondestructive Testing -- Security and Inspection Applications -- Scanning Units -- Recent Advancements in Cargo Inspection -- Ion Implantation in Semiconductor Chip Fabrication -- Concept of Operation
Chapter 7 Large Accelerators -- Large Accelerator Facilities for High-Energy Physics -- Linear Colliders -- Circular Colliders -- Use of Superconductivity in Large Accelerators -- Synchrotrons Sources -- Synchrotron Storage Rings -- Wigglers and Und ulators -- Examples of Synchrotron Radiation Applications -- Cancer Particle Therapy -- Advantages of Particle Therapy -- Particle Therapy Circular Accelerators
Chapter 8 Recent Developments and Future Trends in Accelerator Technology -- Free-Electron Laser -- Accelerator-Based Neutron Sources -- Neutron Spallation Sources -- The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) -- Plasma-Based Accelerators -- Basic Concept of PWFA -- Dielectric Wall Accelerators -- Basic Concept of DWA
ISBN:9781608070909
Series:EBL eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Linear accelerators. , Linear accelerators in medicine.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400770034:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Sensors for Safety and Security [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ashok Vaseashta
Surik Khudaverdyan
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book results from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop titled Technological Innovations in CBRNE Sensing and Detection for Safety, Security, and Sustainability held in Yerevan, Armenia in 2012. The objective was todiscuss and exchange views as to h ow fusion of advanced technologies can lead to improved sensors/detectors in support of defense, security, and situational awareness. The chapters range from policy and implementation, advanced sensorplatforms using stand-off (THz and optical) and point-c ontact methods for detection of chemical, nuclear, biological, nuclear and explosive agents and contaminants in water, to synthesis methods for several materials used for sensors.In view of asymmetric, kinetic, and distributed nature of threat vectors, an emphasis is placed to examine new generation of sensors/detectors that utilize an ecosystems of innovation and advanced sciences convergence in support ofeffective counter-measures against CBRNE threats. The book will be of considerable interest and valu e to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials, and sensing/detection of CBRNE agentsand water-borne contaminants. For policy implementation and compliance standpoint, the book serves as a resource of several i nformative contributions. In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested inhow nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing and detection using nexus of advanced technologies for scientists, technol ogists, policy makers, and soldiers and commanders
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I. Invited and Key Lectures
Challenges and Opportunities
Ecosystem of Innovations using Nanomaterials based CBRNE Sensors and Threat Mitigation
New Terahertz Security Opportunities Based on Nanometric Technology
Structured Inorganic Oxide
Based Materials for the Absorption and Destruction of CBRN Agents
The Quirra Syndrome: Matter of Translational Medicine
Part II. Policy, Diplomacy, Verification, Compliance, Implementation
The Yin and Yang of Countering Biological Threats: Public Health And Security Under The International Health Regulations, Biological Wea
ISBN:9789400770034
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Engineering , Environmental pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642368097:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analyzing Compositional Data with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): K. Gerald van den Boogaart
Raimon Tolosana-Delgado
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the statistical analysis of compositional data sets, i.e., data in percentages, proportions, concentrations, etc. The subject is covered from its grounding principles to the practical use in descriptiveexploratory analysis, robust linear models and advanced multivariate statistical methods, including zeros and missing values, and paying special attention to data visualization and model display issues. Many illustrated examples andcode chunks guide the reader into their modeling and interpretation. And, though the book primarily serves as a reference guide for the R package compositions, it is also a general introductory text on Compositional DataAnalysis. Awareness of their special characteristics spread in the Geosciences in the e arly sixties, but a strategy for properly dealing with them was not available until the works of Aitchison in the eighties. Since then, research hasexpanded our understanding of their theoretical principles and the potentials and limitations of their inte rpretation. This is the first comprehensive textbook addressing these issues, as well as their practical implications withregard to software. The book is intended for scientists interested in statistically analyzing their compositional data. The subject e njoys relatively broad awareness in the geosciences and environmental sciences, but the spectrum ofrecent applications also covers areas like medicine, official statistics, and economics. Readers should be familiar with basic univariate and multivariate s tatistics. Knowledge of R is recommended but not required, as the book isself-contained
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Fundamental Concepts of Compositional Data Analysis
Distributions for Random Compositions
Descriptive Analysis of Compositional Data
Linear Models for Compositions
Multivariate Statistics
Zeroes, Missings and Outliers
References
Index.
ISBN:9783642368097
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R!
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Geochemistry , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642303678:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Model Based Parameter Estimation [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Hans Georg Bock
Thomas Carraro
Willi Jger
Stefan Krkel
Rolf Rannacher
Johannes P Schlder
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This judicious selection of articles combines mathematical and numerical methods to apply parameter estimation and optimum experimental design in a range of contexts. These include fields as diverse as biology, medicine,chemistry, environmental physi cs, image processing and computer vision. The material chosen was presented at a multidisciplinary workshop on parameter estimation held in 2009 in Heidelberg. The contributions show how indispensableefficient methods of applied mathematics and computer-b ased modeling can be to enhancing the quality of interdisciplinary research. The use of scientific computing to model, simulate, and optimize complex processes has become astandard methodology in many scientific fields, as well as in industry. Demonstrat ing that the use of state-of-the-art optimization techniques in a number of research areas has much potential for improvement, this book providesadvanced numerical methods and the very latest results for the applications under consideration
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Parameter Estimation and Optimum Experimental Design for Differential Equation Models: H.G. Bock, St. Krkel, J.P. Schlder
Adaptive Finite Element Methods for Parameter Identification Problems: B. Vexler
Gauss
Newton Methods for Robust Parameter Estimation: T. Binder, E. Kostina
An Optimal Scanning Sensor Activation Policy for Parameter Estimation of Distributed Systems: D. Ucnski
Interaction between Experiment, Modeling and Simulation of Spatial Aspects in the JAK2/STAT5 Signaling Pathway: E. Friedmann, A. C. Pfeifer, R. Neumann, U. Klingmller , R. Rannacher
The Importan
ISBN:9783642303678
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences, 2191-303X : v4
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Differential equations, partial , Computer science , Numerical analysis , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461451761:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Coherent-Domain Optical Methods [electronic resource] : Biomedical Diagnostics, Environmental Monitoring, and Materials Science
Author(s): Valery V Tuchin
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of laser and coherent-domain methods as applied to biomedicine, environmental monitoring, and materials science. Worldwide leaders in these fields describe the fundamentals of lightinteraction with random media and present an overview of basic research. The latest results on coherent and polarization properties of light scattered by random media, including tissues and blood, speckles formation in multiplescattering media, and other non-destructive interac tions of coherent light with rough surfaces and tissues, allow the reader to understand the principles and applications of coherent diagnostic techniques. The expanded second editionhas been thoroughly updated with particular emphasis on novel coherent-do main techniques and their applications in medicine and environmental science. Volume 1 describes state-of-the-art methods of coherent and polarization opticalimaging, tomography and spectroscopy diffusion wave spectroscopy elastic, quasi-elastic and inela stic light scattering spectroscopy and imaging digital holographic microscopy, the Fourier transform light scattering method, andcoherent diffractive imaging wavefront sensing, aberration measurement and adaptive optics for ophthalmology and laser remote sensing. Volume 2 presents the new and growing field of coherent optics in optical coherence tomography(OCT). Various applications of OCT and confocal microscopy, including biomedical endoscopy, are discussed. A special section covers Mueller matrix polar imetry, nonlinear laser fluorescence spectroscopy, and triplet-triplet annihilationassisted upconversion as optical tools for probing the physical parameters of materials and natural organic compounds. Represents the only reference work offering integrate d coverage of coherent-domain optical methods for a wide rangeof applications involving strong light scattering Covers the fundamentals of light interaction with random media Describes specific int
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Volume 1
Preface
PART I: Speckle and polarization technologies
1. Light Correlation and Polarization in Multiply Scattering Media: Industrial and Biomedical Applications
2. Some Current Views on Metrology of Coherence and Polarization in Sight of Singular Optics
3. Statistical, Correlation and Topological Approaches in Diagnostics of the Structure and Physiological State of Birefringent Biological Tissues
4. Diffusing Wave Spectroscopy: Application for Blood Diagnostics
5. Laser Speckle Imaging of Cerebral Blood Flow
PART II: HOLOGRAPHY, INTERFEROMETRY, DIFFRACTIVE IM
ISBN:9781461451761
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Medicine , Spectroscopy , Biomedical engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400725645:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radiation Damage in Biomolecular Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gustavo Garca Gmez-Tejedor
Martina Christina Fuss
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since the discovery of X-rays and radioactivity, ionizing radiations have been widely applied in medicine both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The risks associated with radiation exposure and handling led to the paralleldevelopment of the fi eld of radiation protection. Pioneering experiments done by Sanche and co-workers in 2000 showed that low-energy secondary electrons, which are abundantly generated along radiation tracks, are primarily responsiblefor radiation damage through successive i nteractions with the molecular constituents of the medium. Apart from ionizing processes, which are usually related to radiation damage, below the ionization level low-energy electrons caninduce molecular fragmentation via dissociative processes such as i nternal excitation and electron attachment. This prompted collaborative projects between different research groups from European countries together with otherspecialists from Canada, the USA and Australia. This booksummarizes the advances achieved by thes e research groups after more than ten years of studies on radiation damage in biomolecular systems. The book will be of interest toresearchers and advanced students in the fields of radiation physics, chemistry and radiation therapy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acronyms. Part I Radiation Induced Damage at the Molecular Level 1: Nanoscale Dynamics of Radiosensitivity: Role of Low Energy Electrons
2: The Role of Secondary Electrons in Radiation Damage
3: Electron Transfer
Induced Fragmentation in (Bio)Molecules by Atom
Molecule
4: Following Resonant Compound States after Electron Attachment
5: ElectronBiomolecule Collision Studies Using the Schwinger Multichannel Method
6: Resonances in Electron Collisions with Small Biomolecules Using the R
Matrix Method
7: A Multiple
Scattering Approach to Electron Collisions with Smal
ISBN:9789400725645
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiotherapy , Nucleic acids , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642246296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homogeneous Catalysis with Metal Complexes [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): Gheorghe Duca
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book about homogeneous catalysis with metal complexes deals with the description of the reductive-oxidative, metal complexes in a liquid phase (in polar solvents, mainly in water, and less in nonpolar solvents). Theexceptional importance of the r edox processes in chemical systems, in the reactions occuring in living organisms, the environmental processes, atmosphere, water, soil, and in industrial technologies (especially in food-processingindustries) is discussed. The detailed practical aspects of the established regularities are explained for solving the specific practical tasks in various fields of industrial chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, analytical chemistry andecological chemistry. The main scope of the book is the survey and systematiz ation of the latest advances in homogeneous catalysis with metal complexes. It gives an overview of the research results and practical experience accumulatedby the author during the last decade
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Homogeneous redox catalysis with transition metal compounds
Biochemical processes and metal complexes as catalysts
Catalytic processes and human diseases
Catalytic processes in ecological chemistry
Homogeneous catalysis with metal complexes in chemical industry and foodstuffs chemistry
ISBN:9783642246296
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v102
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Food science , Chemical engineering , Catalysis , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441966469:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Survival Analysis [electronic resource] : A Self-Learning Text, Third Edition
Author(s): David G Kleinbaum
Mitchel Klein
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This greatly expanded third edition of Survival Analysis- A Self-learning Text provides a highly readable description of state-of-the-art methods of analysis of survival/event-history data. This text is suitable for researchersand statisticians worki ng in the medical and other life sciences as well as statisticians in academia who teach introductory and second-level courses on survival analysis. The third edition continues to use the unique lecture-bookformat of the firsttwo editions with one new cha pter, additionalsections and clarifications to several chapters, and a revised computer appendix. The Computer Appendix, with step-by-stepinstructions for using the computerpackages STATA, SAS, and SPSS, is expandedtoinclude the software package R. David Kleinbaum is Professor of Epidemiology at the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Dr. Kleinbaum is internationallyknown for innovative textbooks and teaching on epidemiological methods, multiple linear regression, logist ic regression, and survival analysis. He has provided extensive worldwide short-course training in over 150 short courses onstatistical and epidemiological methods. He is also the author of ActivEpi (2002), an interactive computer-based instructional text on fundamentals of epidemiology, which has been used in a variety of educational environments includingdistance learning. Mitchel Klein is Research Assistant Professor with a joint appointment in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health (E OH) and the Department of Epidemiology, also at the Rollins School of Public Healthat Emory University. Dr. Klein is also co-author with Dr. Kleinbaum of the second edition of Logistic Regression- A Self-Learning Text (2002). He has regularly taught epide miologic methods courses at Emory to graduate students inpublic health and in clinical medicine. He is responsible for the epidemiologic methods training of physicians enrolled in Emorys
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Survival Analysis
Kaplan
Meier Survival Curves and the Log
Rank Test
The Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Characteristics
Evaluating the Proportional Hazards Assumption
The Stratified Cox Procedure
Extension of the Cox Proportional Hazards Model for Time
Dependent Variables
Parametric Survival Models
Recurrent Events Survival Analysis
Competing Risks Survival Analysis
ISBN:9781441966469
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Epidemiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441907455:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sustainable Environmental Design in Architecture [electronic resource] : Impacts on Health
Author(s): Stamatina Th Rassia
Panos M Pardalos
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The chapters in this book, written by international experts from different fields of architecture and engineering, are devoted to recent interdisciplinary works in a variety of subjects related to sustainable architecture andengineering, environmenta l modeling, behavioral science and public health. The invited contributions focus on new ideas, concepts and research work with multidisciplinary applications. Special features of this volume include indoorand urban design impacts on human comfort, model ing and assessment of multi-scale design dynamics, as well as new results from diverse areas of research spanning from architecture and engineering to neuroscience and public health. Sustainable Environmental Design in Architecture is intended for graduat e students and researchers of architecture, engineering, neuroscience, public health, social and computational sciences, architectural modeling and relatedfields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Sustainability and Neuroscience (J.P. Eberhard)
2. Behavioral Science Perspectives on Designing the Environment to Promote Child Health (M.E. Sharff, E. Gerfen, K.P. Tercyak)
3. Form Follows Function: Bridging Neuroscience and Architecture (E.A. Edelstein, E. Macagno)
4. Active Transport, Building Environment and Human Health (T. Sugiyama, M. Neuhaus, N. Owen)
5. Environmental Control and the Creation of Wellbeing (S. Manchanda, K. Steemers)
6 Design of Healthy, Comfortable Energy Efficient Buildings (C.A. Roulet, P. Bluysssen, B. Muller, E. de Oliveira Fernandes)
7. Envir
ISBN:9781441907455
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 1931-6828 : v56
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Engineering design , Civil engineering , Environmental Medicine , Sustainable development
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400702479:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radiation Protection in Medical Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yves Lemoigne
Alessandra Caner
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book introduces the fundamental aspects of Radiation Protection in Medical Physics and covers three main themes: General Radiation Protection Principles Radiobiology Principles Radiation Protection in Hospital MedicalPhysics. Each of these topic s is developed by analysing the underlying physics principles and their implementation, quality and safety aspects, clinical performance and recent advances in the field. Some issues specific to theindividual techniques are also treated, e.g. calculation of patient dose as well as that of workers in hospital, optimisation of equipment used, shielding design of radiation facilities, radiation in oncology such as use ofbrachytherapy in gynecology or interventional procedures. All topics are presented with d idactical language and style, making this book an appropriate reference for students and professionals seeking a comprehensive introduction to thefield as well as a reliable overview of the most recent developments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface. List of Participants. Photographs. General Radiation Protection Principles. Internal Safety Standards
Radiation Units, Limits & Dose Constraints
Radiobiology Principles. Molecular Aspects of Radiation Biology
Radiobiology in Radiotherapy
Radiation Protection Application in Hospital Medical Physics. General Principles of Risk Assessment for Ionising Radiation
Radiation Protection of the Workers and the Public from Exposed Patients
Installation Shielding in Diagnostic Radiology and Computed Tomography
Acceptability Criteria, Justification and Ethical Issues in Using
ISBN:9789400702479
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500 : v1
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Radiology, Medical , Interventional radiology , Nuclear medicine , Radiotherapy , Oncology , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642107481:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysing Seasonal Health Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Adrian G Barnett
Annette J Dobson
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Seasonal patterns have been found in a remarkable range of health conditions, including birth defects, respiratory infections and cardiovascular disease. Accurately estimating the size and timing of seasonal peaks in diseaseincidence is an aid to und erstanding the causes and possibly to developing interventions. With global warming increasing the intensity of seasonal weather patterns around the world, a review of the methods for estimating seasonaleffects on health is timely. This is the first book on statistical methods for seasonal data written for a health audience. It describes methods for a range of outcomes (including continuous, count and binomial data) and demonstratesappropriate techniques for summarising and modelling these data. It has a practical focus and uses interesting examples to motivate and illustrate the methods. The statistical procedures and example data sets are available in an Rpackage called season. Adrian Barnett is a senior research fellow at Queensland University of Techn ology, Australia. Annette Dobson is a Professor of Biostatistics at The University of Queensland, Australia. Both are experiencedmedical statisticians with a commitment to statistical education and have previously collaborated in research in the methodolo gical developments and applications of biostatistics, especially to time series data. Among other projects,they worked together on revising the well-known textbook An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models, third edition, Chapman Hall/CRC, 2008. In the ir new book they share their knowledge of statistical methods for examiningseasonal patterns in health
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Introduction to Seasonality
Cosinor
Decomposing Time Series
Controlling for Season
Clustered Seasonal Data
References
Index
ISBN:9783642107481
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Environmental Medicine
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642025860:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Radiation Protection [electronic resource] : Practical Knowledge for Handling Radioactive Sources
Author(s): Claus Grupen
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book presents an accessible account of the sources of ionising radiation and the methods of radiation protection. The basics of nuclear physics which are directly related to radiation protection are briefly discussed. The bookdescribes the units of radiation protection, the measurement techniques, biological effects of radiation, environmental radiation, and many applications of radiation. For each chapter there is a problem section with full solutions. Adetailed glossary and many useful informat ion in appendixes complete the book. The author has addressed the issue of internationality to make sure that the text and, in particular, the complicated regulations can be easily interpretednot only in Europe and the United States but also in other coun tries. The subject of radiation protection requires a certain amount of mathematics. For those who have forgotten the basic rules of calculus a short refresher course inthe form of a mathematical appendix is added
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Units of Radiation Protection
Basic Nuclear Physics
Interaction of Ionising Radiation with Matter
Detectors for Radiation Protection
International Safety Standards for Radiation Protection
Organisation of Radiation Protection
Practical Safety Measures
Radiation Sources
X
Rays and X
Ray Regulations
Environmental Radioactivity
Nuclear Power Plants
Biological Effects of Ionising Radiation
Radiation Accidents
Non
Ionising Radiation
Solutions to the Problems
Formulary
Written Test on Radiation Protection
ISBN:9783642025860
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Nuclear medicine , Radiotherapy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441972132:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Radiation Effects on Mammals [electronic resource] : A Dynamical Modeling Approach
Author(s): Olga A Smirnova
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This text is devoted to the theoretical studies of radiation effects on mammals. It uses the framework of developed deterministic mathematical models to investigate the effects of both acute and chronic irradiation in a wide rangeof doses and dose ra tes on vital body systems including hematopoiesis, small intestine and humoral immunity, as well as on the development of autoimmune diseases. Thus, these models can contribute to the development of the system andquantitative approaches in radiation biolo gy and ecology. This text is also of practical use. Its modeling studies of the dynamics of granulocytopoiesis and thrombocytopoiesis in humans testify to the efficiency of employment of thedeveloped models in the investigation and prediction of radiation effects on these hematopoietic lines. These models, as well as the properly identified models of other vital body systems, could provide a better understanding of theradiation risks to health. The modeling predictions will enable the implementation of mo re effective preventive and protective measures for people residing in areas with elevated radiation background and astronauts on long-term spacemissions. Lastly, the models of the radiation-induced mortality established the theoretical foundations of a n ew individual-based approach to radiation risk assessment. These models thus enable one to predict the mortality dynamics andaverage life-span shortening for individuals and populations exposed to acute and low-level chronic radiation. Because of its theo retical and practical benefits, this book is as useful for academics, scientists and researchers workingin the field of mathematical modeling of biological systems as it is for those working in the fields of radiation biology, ecology and medicine. It is equally useful for Aerospace companies and various corporations that contend withthe problems of environmental protection and radiation safety
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Chapter 1: Radiation Effects on the Blood
Forming System
Chapter 2: The Small Intestine as a Target for Radiation
Chapter 3: Radiation and Humoral Immunity
Chapter 4: Modeling of Autoimmune Processes
Chapter 5: Individual
Based Approach to Radiation Risk Assessment
Conclusions
Index
ISBN:9781441972132
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Animal Physiology , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540688327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ari Ben-Menahem
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics ofscience. The 5800-page Encyclo pedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopoliticalboundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done. The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists , engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing:mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, eart h and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry),associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and mo re). The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas inthe leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scien tific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered fromthe wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540688327
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Life sciences , Environmental sciences , Humanities
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783764385910:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Aspects of Mathematical Modelling [electronic resource] : Applications in Science, Medicine, Economics and Management
Author(s): Roger J Hosking
Ezio Venturino
Date:2008
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The construction of mathematical models is an essential scientific activity. Mathematics has long been associated with developments in the exact sciences and engineering, but more recently mathematical modelling has been used toinvestigate complex sy stems that arise in many other fields. The contributors to this book demonstrate the application of mathematics to modern research topics in ecology and environmental science, health and medicine, phylogeneticsand neural networks, theoretical chemistry, e conomics and management. The reader will find some review papers outlining current research directions in hot topics such as pattern formation and applications to medicine, and more targetedresearch papers on current developments in the various discipline s included. Both should provide insight and inspiration for further work on these subjects. The extensive relevant literature cited in some of the survey expositoryarticles is another feature
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Mathematical Models of Pattern Formation in Planktonic Predation
Diffusion Systems: A Review
Toward a General Theory of Ecosystem Stability: Plankton
Nutrient Interaction as a Paradigm
Nutrient, Non
Toxic Phytoplankton, Toxic Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Interaction in an Open Marine System
Stability and Optimal Harvesting in a Stage Structure Predator
Prey Switching Strategy
Reducing the Emission of Pollutants in Industrial Wastewater through the Use of Membrane Bioreactors
Insecticidal Bt Crops under Massive Bt
resistant Pest Invasion: Mathematical Simulatio
ISBN:9783764385910
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540302797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Nuclear Analytical Methods [electronic resource] : XRF, Mssbauer, XPS, NAA and B63Ion-Beam Spectroscopic Techniques
Author(s): H. R Verma
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is a blend of analytical methods based on the phenomenon of atomic and nuclear physics. It comprises comprehensive presentations about X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), Mssbauer Spectroscopy (MS), X-ray PhotoelectronSpectroscopy (XPS), Neutron- Act ivation Analysis (NAA), Particle Induced X-ray Emission Analysis (PIXE), Rutherford Backscattering Analysis (RBS), Elastic Recoil Detection (ERD), Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA), Particle InducedGamma-ray Emission Analysis (PIGE), and Accelerator Mass Sp ectrometry (AMS). These techniques are commonly applied in the fields of medicine, biology, environmental studies, archaeology or geology et al. and pursued in majorinternational research laboratories
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. X
Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Particle
Induced X
Ray Emission (PIXE)
2. Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS)
3. Elastic Recoil Detection (ERD)
4. Mssbauer Spectroscopy (MS)
5. X
Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
6. Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA)
7. Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) and Proton
Induced Gamma
Ray Emission (PIGE)
8. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS)
ISBN:9783540302797
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Analytical biochemistry , Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Condensed matter , Electromagnetism , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402057243:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vasili Tsakanov
Helmut Wiedemann
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The present book contains an excellent overview of the status and highlights of brilliant light facilities and their applications in biology, chemistry, medicine, materials and environmental sciences. Overview papers on diversefields of research by l eading experts are accompanied by the highlights in the near and long-term perspectives of brilliant X-Ray photon beam usage for fundamental and applied research. The book includes advanced topics in the fieldsof high brightness photon beams, instrumentat ion, the spectroscopy, microscopy, scattering and imaging experimental techniques and their applications. The book is strongly recommended for students, engineers and scientists in the fieldof accelerator physics, X-ray optics and instrumentation, life, m aterials and environmental sciences, bio and nanotechnology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Brilliant Light Facilities and New Projects
Synchrotron Light Sources, Status and New Projects
The European XFEL Project
SPEAR3 Synchrotron Light Source J. Safranek
Status of the ALBA Project
Status and Highlights of Siberian Synchrotron and Terahertz Radiation Center
CANDLE Synchrotron light source project V.M Tsakanov
Social and Economic Impact of the CANDLE Light Source Project
Kharkov X
ray Generator NESTOR
2. Research in Biophysics and Biochemistry
X
ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Biology and Chemistry G. N. George
Biological Application of Synchrotron
ISBN:9781402057243
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Security through Science Series, 1874-6578
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biotechnology , Radiology, Medical , Life sciences , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540268819:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radioactivity Radionuclides Radiation [electronic resource] : Including the Universal Nuclide Chart on CD-ROM
Author(s): Joseph Magill
Jean Galy
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:RADIOACTIVITY RADIONUCLIDES RADIATION is suitable for a general audience interested in topical environmental and human health radiological issues such as radiation exposure in aircraft, food sterilisation, nuclearmedicine, radon gas, radiation disp ersion devices (dirty bombs) It leads the interested reader through the three Rs of nuclear science, to the forefront of research and developments in the field. The book is also suitable forstudents and professionals in the related disciplines of nuclear and radiochemistry, health physics, environmental sciences, nuclear and astrophysics. Recent developments in the areas of exotic decay modes (bound beta decay ofbare or fully ionized nuclei), laser transmutation, nuclear forensics, radiation hormesis and the LNT hypothesis are covered. Atomic mass data for over 3000 nuclides from the most recent (2003) evaluation are included
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Origins and Discoveries
Nuclear Energetics
Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions
Types of Radioactive Decay
Basic Research
Archeology and Dating
Radioisotopes in Medicine
Radioisotopes in Industry
Radiation and the Environment
ISBN:9783540268819
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear medicine , Agriculture , Forests and forestry , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387228273:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tutorials on Emerging Methodologies and Applications in Operations Research [electronic resource] : Presented at Informs 2004, Denver, CO
Author(s): H J G
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Operations Research emerged as a quantitative approach to problem-solving in World War II. Its founders, who were physicists, mathematicians, and engineers, quickly found peace-time uses for this new field. Moreover, we can saythat Operations Researc h (OR) was born in the same incubator as computer science, and through the years, it has spawned many new disciplines, including systems engineering, health care management, and transportation science.Fundamentally, Operations Research crosses discipline domains to seek solutions on a range of problems and benefits diverse disciplines from finance to bioengineering. Many disciplines routinely use OR methods. Many scientificresearchers, engineers, and others will find the methodological presentations in th is book useful and helpful in their problem-solving efforts. ORs strengths are modeling, analysis, and algorithm design. It provides a quantitativefoundation for a broad spectrum of problems, from economics to medicine, from environmental control to sport s, from e-commerce to computational geometry. The primary purpose of TUTORIALS ON EMERGING METHODOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS INOPERATIONS RESEARCH is to provide a reference for practitioners and academics who seek a clear, concise presentation of developing methodologies, hence providing themselves with the capability to apply these methods to new problems.The field of Operations Research is always changing. Its changes are driven by the technology it uses and that it extends, and the applications that it af fects. Relevant changes in the field have a permanent effect on the conduct of ORand are vital to anyone who wants to be current in the field. Each chapter presents a new developing methodology in Operations Research. Each chapter examines each topic with clarity and depth, and organizes the examination around thefollowing questions: (1) What the developing methodology basically is about? (2) Why is it important? and (3) Where can I learn more?
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Heuristic Search for Network Design
Polyhedral Combinatorics
Radiation Oncology and Optimization
Parallel Algorithm Design for Branch and Bound
Computer
Aided Design for Electrical and Computer Engineering
Nonlinear Programming and Engineering Applications
Connecting MRP, MRP II and ERP
Supply Chain Production Planning via Optimization Models
ISBN:9780387228273
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, 0884-8289 : v76
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Computational complexity , Computer aided design , Computer science Mathematics , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783642557538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics — Key Technology for the Future Joint Projects between Universities and Industry
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (732 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55753-8
Contents:I. Motors, Vehicles -- Synthesis of Automotive Cams Using Multiple Shooting-SQP Methods for Constrained Optimization -- Numerical Optimization of Scavenging in Two-Stroke Engines with Transfer Ducts, an Exhaust Port and a Moving
Piston -- A Numerical Tool for Flow Simulation in a Wankel Motor -- An Efficient Navier-Stokes Solver for Automotive Aerodynamics -- Numerical Simulation of Exhaust Systems in Car Industry — Efficient Calculation of Radiation Heat
Transfer -- Combinatorial Optimization Techniques for Three-Dimensional Arrangement Problems -- Simulation of Test-drives of Automobiles at Driving Limit -- An Optimal Control Approach To Real-Time Vehicle Guidance -- Theoretical and
Experimental Studies of an S-Catamaran -- II. Environmental Technology -- Robust Error Estimators for Interface Problems Occuring in Transport Processes in Porous Media -- Modelling and Simulation of a Planned Bio-Chemical in situ
Remediation -- Influence of Surfactants on Spreading of Contaminants and Soil Remediation -- Improvement of Environment Observing Remote Sensing Devices by Regularization Techniques -- III. Flow, Transport and Reactions in
Technological Processes -- Stability Analysis for Reactors from Chemical Industry -- Heterogeneous Dynamic Process Flowsheet Simulation of Chemical Plants -- Numerical Simulation of Annular Chromatography -- Numerical Methods for
Parameter Estimation in Bingham-Fluids -- A Viscoelastic Turbulence Model Based on Renormalization Group Theory -- Modelling and Simulation of Capacitor Impulse Welding -- Analysis of Transport Processes for Layered Porous Materials
Used in Industrial Applications -- Modelling and Numerical Simulation of District Heating Networks with Time-Saving Solution Methods -- Sensitivity and Robustness Analysis for Construction and Monitoring of Tubine-Generator Shafts --
IV. Optics and Sensors -- Adaptive Multigrid Methods for the Vectorial Maxwell Eigenvalue Problem for Optical Waveguide Design -- Direct and Inverse Problems for Diffractive Structures — Optimization of Binary Gratings -- Computation
of Electromagnetic Fields for a Humidity Sensor -- V. Crystal Growth, Semiconductors -- Simulation of Industrial Crystal Growth by the Vertical Bridgman Method -- Numerical Simulation and Control of Industrial Crystal Growth Processes
-- Optimal Control of Sublimation Growth of SiC Crystals -- Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Simulation of Semiconductor Detectors -- Optimal Design of High Power Electronic Devices by Topology Optimization -- Modelling and
Simulation of Strained Quantum Wells in Semiconductor Lasers -- VI. Electronic Circuits -- Efficient Analysis of Oscillatory Circuits -- Modelling and Simulation of Power Devices for High-Voltage Integrated Circuits -- Finding
Beneficial DAE Structures in Circuit Simulation -- CHORAL — a Charge-Oriented Algorithm for the Numerical Integration of Electrical Circuits -- VII. Tomography, Image Analysis and Visualisation -- Reconstructing Crystalline Structures
from Few Images Under High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- Measurement of Paint Layer Thickness with Photothermal Infrared Radiometry -- Spatio-Temporal Current Density Reconstruction from EEG-/MEG-Data -- Signal
Correction in NMR Spectroscopy -- On Scattering of Ultrasonic Waves -- Smoothing of Tomographic Data and Hybrid Volume-Surface Visualisation -- Video Coding with Adaptive Vector Quantization and Rate Distortion Optimization -- VIII.
Statistical Methods in Medical Applications -- The Application of Statistical Methods of Meta-Analysis for Heterogeneity Modelling in Medicine and Pharmacy, Psychology, Quality Control and Assurance -- An Application for the Analysis
of Human Tremor Time-Series -- IX. Optimization in Design and Production -- Free Material Optimization -- Automatic Layout and Labelling of State Diagrams -- Optimization Problems in a Semi-Automatic Device for Cutting Leather --
Stochastic Programming for Power Production and Trading Under Uncertainty -- Scheduling Scarce Resources in Chemical Engineering -- X. Optimization in Traffic and Communication -- Duty Scheduling in Public Transit -- Rotation Planning
for the Continental Service of a European Airline -- Computer Aided Scheduling of Switching Engines -- Train Schedule Optimization in Public Rail Transport -- An Integrated Planning Approach for Cellular Radio Networks -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642557538
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemometrics , Computer graphics , Computer mathematics , Visualization , Statistics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Computational Science and Engineering , Visualization , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Computer Imaging, Vision, Pattern Recognition and Graphics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783642562570:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science of Disasters Climate Disruptions, Heart Attacks, and Market Crashes
Author(s): Armin Bunde
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (453 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56257-0
Contents:I. General -- 1. Entropy, Complexity, Predictability, and Data Analysis of Time Series and Letter Sequences -- 2. Wavelet Based Multifractal Formalism: Applications to DNA Sequences, Satellite Images of the Cloud Structure, and Stock
Market Data -- II. Climate Systems -- 3. Space-Time Variability of the European Climate -- 4. Is Climate Predictable? -- 5. Atmospheric Persistence Analysis: Novel Approaches and Applications -- 6. Assessment and Management of Critical
Events: The Breakdown of Marine Fisheries and The North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation -- III. Biodynamics -- 7. Fractal and Multifractal Approaches in Physiology -- 8. Physiological Relevance of Scaling of Heart Phenomena -- 9.
Local Scaling Properties for Diagnostic Purposes -- 10. Unstable Periodic Orbits and Stochastic Synchronization in Sensory Biology -- 11. Crowd Disasters and Simulation of Panic Situations -- IV. Nonlinear Economics -- 12.
Investigations of Financial Markets Using Statistical Physics Methods -- 13. Market Fluctuations I: Scaling, Multiscaling, and Their Possible Origins -- 14. Market Fluctuations II: Multiplicative and Percolation Models, Size Effects,
and Predictions
ISBN:9783642562570
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atmospheric sciences , Medicine , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Statistics , Environmental sciences , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Atmospheric Sciences , Medicine/Public Health, general , Math. Appl. in Environmental Science , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783662011317:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:COMPSTAT Proceedings in Computational Statistics 13th Symposium held in Bristol, Great Britain, 1998
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (501 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-01131-7
Contents:Keynote Papers -- Analysis of Clustered Multivariate Data from Developmental Toxicity Studies -- Wavelets in Statistics: Some Recent Developments -- Invited Papers -- Mortality Pattern Prediction in Worker Cohorts -- Design Algorithms
for Correlated Data -- (Co)Variance Structures for Linear Models in the Analysis of Plant Improvement Data -- Optimal Scaling Methods for Graphical Display of Multivariate Data -- Computer-Assisted Statistics Teaching in Network
Environments -- Modelling Bacterial Genomes Using Hidden Markov Models -- MCMC Specifics for Latent Variable Models -- Exploratory Versus Decision Trees -- Exploring Time Series Using Semi- and Nonparametric Methods -- Time Series
Forecasting by Principal Component Methods -- Contributed Papers -- A Simulation Study of Indirect Prognostic Classification -- Model Search: An Overview -- Speeding up the Computation of the Least Quartile Difference Estimator --
Piece-wise Detection of Spinal Scoliosis -- A Comparison of Recent EM Accelerators within Item Response Theory -- Gröbner Basis Methods in Polynomial Modelling -- Analysis of High Dimensional Data from Intensive Care Medicine --
Fitting Non-Gaussian Time Series Models -- Using Singular Value Decomposition in Non-Linear Regression -- A Modelling Approach for Bandwidth Selection in Kernel Density Estimation -- A New Method for Cross-Classification Analysis of
Contingency Data Tables -- Bayesian Analysis of Overdispersed Count Data with Application to Teletraffic Monitoring -- An Alternative Pruning Method Based on the Impurity-Complexity Measure -- Bayesian Inference for Mixture: The Label
Switching Problem -- Simulation of Multifractional Brownian Motion -- Simulating Categorical Data from Spatial Models -- Robust Factorization of a Data Matrix -- Spatial Clustering Techniques: An Experimental Comparison -- A Visual
Environment for Designing Experiments -- Essay of a Dynamic Regression by Principal Components Model for Correlated Time Series -- Traffic Models for Telecommunication -- Construction of Non-Standard Row-Column Designs -- Computational
Statistics for Pharmacokinetic Data Analysis -- Frailty Factors and Time-dependent Hazards in Modelling Ear Infections in Children Using BASSIST -- Algorithms for Robustified Error-in-Variables Problems -- Idaresa — a Tool for
Construction, Description and Use of Harmonised Datasets from National Surveys -- LLAMA: an Object-Oriented System for Log Multiplicative Models -- Using Threshold Accepting to Improve the Computation of Censored Quantile Regression --
On the Convergence of Iterated Random Maps with Applications to the MCEM Algorithm -- Parameter Estimators for Gaussian Models with Censored Time Series and Spatio-Temporal Data -- Assessing the Multimodality of a Multivariate
Distribution Using Nonparametric Techniques -- Bayesian Signal Restoration and Model Determination for Ion Channels -- ARGUS, Software Packages for Statistical Disclosure Control -- Building End-User Statistical Applications: An
Example Using STABLE -- On Multiple Window Local Polynomial Approximation with Varying Adaptive Bandwidths -- Minimization of Computational Cost in Tree-Based Methods by a Proper Ordering of Splits -- Stable Multivariate Procedures —
Strategies and Software Tools -- An Alternating Method to Optimally Transform Variables in Projection Pursuit Regression -- Predicting from Unbalanced Linear or Generalized Linear Models -- MCMC Solution to Circle Fitting in Analysis
of RICH Detector Data -- A Visual Future for Statistical Computing -- Development of Statistical Software SAMMIF for Sensitivity Analysis in Multivariate Methods -- Data Imputation and Nowcasting in the Environmental Sciences Using
Clustering and Connectionist Modelling -- Graphical User Interface for Statistical Software Using Internet -- A Wavelet Approach to Functional Principal Component Analysis -- Quasi-Monte Carlo EM Algorithm for MLEs in Generalized
Linear Mixed Models -- Applications of Smoothed Monotone Regression Splines and Smoothed Bootstrapping in Survival Analysis -- Comparing the Fits of Non-Nested Non-Linear Models -- The Deepest Fit -- Partially Linear Models: A New
Algorithm and some Simulation Results -- Induction of Graphical Models from Incomplete Samples -- Locally and Bayesian Optimal Designs for Binary Dose-Response Models with Various Link Functions -- Statistics Training and the Internet
-- Jointly Modelling Longitudinal and Survival Data -- Representing Solar Active Regions with Triangulations -- A General Form for Specification of Correlated Error Models, with Allowance for Heterogeneity -- Exploratory Data Analysis
with Linked Dotplots and Histograms -- An Object-Oriented Approach to Local Computation in Bayes Linear Belief Networks -- Index of Authors -- Index of Keywords
ISBN:9783662011317
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Information technology , Business , Computer science , Statistics , Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs , Math Applications in Computer Science , IT in Business
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461218784:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inverse Problems in Wave Propagation
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (499 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1878-4
Contents:Wave propagation inverse problems in medicine and environmental health -- Variational structure of inverse problems in wave propagation and vibration -- Convergence of numerical methods for inverse problems with general input sources
-- Topics in ocean acoustic inverse problems -- Survey of selected topics in inverse electromagnetic scattering theory -- Generalized modes in an acoustic strip -- Inverse scattering problems for Schrödinger operators with magnetic and
electric potentials -- Results, old and new, in computed tomography -- Detecting subsurface hydrocarbons with elastic wavefields -- How many parameters can one solve for in diffuse tomography? -- Modeling scanned Acoustic imaging of
defects at solid interfaces -- On reconstruction of the diffusion and of the principal coefficient of a hyperbolic equation -- The r-solution and its applications in linearized waveform inversion for a layered background -- Directional
moments in the acoustic inverse problem -- Finding the density of a membrane from nodal lines -- An inverse obstacle problem: A uniqueness theorem for balls -- Inverse scattering in acoustic media using interior transmission
eigenvalues -- A layer stripping algorithm in elastic impedance tomography -- Partitioned nonlinear optimization for the interpretation of seismograms -- Applications of inverse methods to the analysis of refraction and wide-angle
seismic data -- Inversions in astronomy and the SOLA method -- Local reconstruction applied to x-ray microtomography -- On the layer stripping approach to a 1-D inverse problem -- Estimates for approximate solutions to acoustic inverse
scattering problems
ISBN:9781461218784
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 90
Keywords: Mathematics , Health informatics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Computer mathematics , Biomathematics , Physics , Acoustics , Mathematics , Analysis , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics , Health Informatics , Acoustics , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781468459555:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Biotechnology for Waste Treatment
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5955-5
Contents:Current Perceptions -- Environmental Biotechnology: Perceptions, Reality, and Applications -- Media Images of Environmental Biotechnology: What Does the Public See? -- Perspectives on Bioremediation in the Gas Industry --
Considerations in the Selection of Environmental Biotechnology as Viable in Field-Scale Waste Treatment Applications -- The Technical, Economic, and Regulatory Future for Bioremediation: An Industry Perspective -- Removing Impediments
to the Use of Bioremediation and Other Innovative Technologies -- Bioremediation Research Issues -- Field-Scale Case Studies -- Evaluation of Bioremediation in a Coal-Coking Waste Lagoon -- Evaluation Process for the Selection of
Bioremediation Technologies for Exxon Valdez Oil Spill -- Full-Scale Bioremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water -- Technical Issues and Concerns in Implementation -- Feasibility and Other Considerations for Use of Bioremediation in
Subsurface Areas -- Integration of Biotechnology to Waste Minimization Programs -- Bioremediation of Explosives Contaminated Soils (Scientific Questions/Engineering Realities) -- Practices, Potential, and Pitfalls in the Application of
Biotechnology to Environmental Problems -- What is the Km of Disappearase? -- Use of Treatability Studies in Developing Remediation Strategies for Contaminated Soils -- Biodegradation of Mixed Solvents by a Strain of Pseudomonas --
Nontechnical Issues and Concerns in Implementation -- The Field Implementation of Bioremediation: An EPA Perspective -- An Historical Perspective: Does Good Science or Good Press Generate Demand? -- Ways to Identify and Obtain Rights
to Technology from Federal Facilities -- An Overview of Current Attitudes on the Use of Biotreatment for Cleanup -- What Are the Critical Issues Necessary to Win the Confidence of State Regulators? Views of a Project Manager on
Bioremediation Sites -- Federal Regulations: How They Impact Research and Commercialization of Biological Treatment -- International Activities -- Polluted Heterogeneous Environments: Macro-scale Fluxes, Micro-scale Mechanisms, and
Molecular Scale Control -- The Pilot Plant Testing of the Continuous Extraction of Radionuclides Using Immobilized Biomass -- Research and Development Programs for Biological Hazardous Waste Treatment in the Netherlands -- Summary --
Environmental Biotechnology—From Flask to Field: A Review -- Contributors
ISBN:9781468459555
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 41
Keywords: Medicine , Medical microbiology , Microbial ecology , Plant science , Botany , Animal anatomy , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Biomedicine , Medical Microbiology , Plant Sciences , Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology , Microbial Ecology , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9783642837845:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Community Food Webs Data and Theory
Author(s): Joel E Cohen
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (308 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-83784-5
Contents:I. General Introduction -- § 0. Food Webs and Community Structure -- II. Empirical Regularities -- § 0. Untangling an Entangled Bank -- § 1. Ratio of Prey to Predators in Community Food Webs -- § 2. Community Food Webs Have
Scale-Invariant Structure -- § 3. Trophic Links of Community Food Webs -- § 4. Food Webs and the Dimensionality of Trophic Niche Space -- § 5. Environmental Control of Food Web Structure -- § 6. Environmental Correlates of Food Chain
Length -- III. A Stochastic Theory of Community Food Webs -- § 1. Theory: Circles of Complexity, Spherical Horses -- § 2. Models and Aggregated Data -- § 3. Individual Webs -- § 4. Predicted and Observed Lengths of Food Chains -- § 5.
Theory of Food Chain Lengths in Large Webs -- § 6. Intervality and Triangulation in the Trophic Niche Overlap Graph -- IV. Data on 113 Community Food Webs -- References -- Acknowledgements -- Authors Index
ISBN:9783642837845
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Biomathematics: 20
Keywords: Statistics , Ecology , Zoology , Combinatorics , Biomathematics , Statistics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Ecology , Zoology , Combinatorics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468458503:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Genetic Toxicology of Complex Mixtures
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (384 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5850-3
Contents:Development and Application of New Methodologies Applicable to Research on Complex Environmental Mixtures -- Complex Mixtures of Genotoxicants in Air -- Identification of Genotoxic Agents in Complex Mixtures of Air Pollutants -- Human
Exposure to Airborne Mutagens Indoors and Outdoors Using Mutagenesis and Chemical Analysis Methods -- Genetic Toxicology of Airborne Particulate Matter Using Cytogenetic Assays and Microbial Mutagenicity Assays -- Indoor and Outdoor
Sources of Airborne Mutagens in Nonurban Areas -- Characterization of Mutagen Sources in Urban Particulate Matter in Gothenburg, Sweden -- Assessment of the Mutagenicity of Volatile Organic Air Pollutants Before and After Atmospheric
Transformation -- Carcinogenicity of Complex Mixtures in Air Using In Vitro and In Vivo Assays -- Contribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Other Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds to the Carcinogenicity of Combustion Sources and
Air Pollution -- Old and New Carcinogens -- Experimental and Epidemiologic Applications to Cancer Risk Assessment of Complex Mixtures -- Mutagenicity, Carcinogenicity, and Human Cancer Risk from Indoor Exposure to Coal and Wood
Combustion in Xuan Wei, China -- The Role of Nitroarenes in the Mutagenicity of Airborne Particles Indoors and Outdoors -- Complex Mixtures of Genotoxicants in Waters -- Characterization of Mutagenic Compounds Formed During
Disinfection of Drinking Water -- Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Properties of Chlorinated Furanones: Important By-products of Water Chlorination -- Assessment and Identification of Genotoxic Compounds in Water -- Methods to Measure
Genotoxins in Wastewater: Evaluation with In Vivo and In Vitro Tests -- Detection of Genotoxicity in Chlorinated or Ozonated Drinking Water Using an Amphibian Micronucleus Test -- Exposure/Effects Assessment -- The Significance of
Mutagenicity as a Criterion in Ecotoxicological Evaluations -- DNA Adducts and Related Biomarkers in Assessing the Risk of Complex Mixtures -- Immunological Methods for the Detection of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-DNA and Protein
Adducts -- 32P-Postlabeling DNA Adduct Assay: Cigarette Smoke-induced DNA Adducts in the Respiratory and Nonrespiratory Rat Tissues -- Postlabeling Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon: DNA Adducts in White Blood Cells of
Foundry Workers -- Protein Adducts as Biomarkers for Chemical Carcinogens -- Evaluation of DNA Binding In Vivo for Low-Dose Extrapolation in Chemical Carcinogenesis -- Cancer Risks Due to Occupational Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic
Hydrocarbons: A Preliminary Report -- Future Directions in Research on the Genetic Toxicology of Complex Mixtures
ISBN:9781468458503
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 39
Keywords: Medicine , Human genetics , Pharmacology , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Biomedicine , Pharmacology/Toxicology , Human Genetics , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461576945:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Psychology A Behavioral Overview
Author(s): Alan Poling
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (395 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7694-5
Contents:1: The Study of Behavior -- What Is Psychology? -- A Brief History of Behaviorism -- The Behavioral Perspective -- Defining Behavior -- Three Myths Concerning Behaviorism -- 2: Science and Psychology -- Characteristics of Science --
Inadequate Explanations of Behavior -- Psychological Theories -- Objections to a Science of Behavior -- Science and Pseudoscience -- 3: Research Methods -- What Is Research? -- General Research Strategies -- Experimentation -- 4:
Evolution and Behavior -- Historical Overview -- Natural Selection -- Genetics -- Evolution in Action -- Evolution of Behavior -- 5: Physiology and Behavior -- Sensation -- Sensation versus Perception -- Neurons -- The Peripheral
Nervous System -- The Central Nervous System -- Effectors -- 6: Learning -- Respondent Conditioning -- Operant Conditioning -- Reinforcement -- Stimulus Control -- Shaping and Chaining -- Punishment -- Rule-Governed Behavior -- The
Importance of Operant Conditioning -- 7: Language, Consciousness, and Memory -- Language -- Consciousness -- Memory -- The Information-Processing Model -- Summary -- 8: Child Development -- Conception and Prenatal Development -- Birth
and Postnatal Development -- Motor Development -- Visual Development -- Cognitive Behavioral Development: Piaget’s Analysis -- The Development of Social Behavior -- Emotional Development -- Intelligence and Its Development -- 9:
Personality -- A Psychoanalytic Theory -- A Humanistic Theory -- A Constitutional Theory -- A Trait Theory -- A Behavioral Theory -- 10: Social Psychology -- Social Cognition: Attitudes and Behavior -- Social Influence -- Social
Relations -- Social Psychology and Behavior Analysis -- 11: Abnormal Behavior -- What Makes Behavior Troublesome? -- Mental Illness -- Mental Retardation -- Drug Abuse -- 12: Applications of Behavioral Psychology -- Community and
Environmental Problems -- Business and Industry -- Clinical Applications -- Behavioral Medicine -- General Education -- Educating Developmentally Disabled Persons -- Conclusions -- References
ISBN:9781461576945
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Psychology , Behavioral therapy , Experiential research , Psychology , Psychology Research , Behavioral Therapy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783642613173:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Mathematical Ecology
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (491 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-61317-3
Contents:I. Introduction -- Ecology in Theory and Application -- II. Resource Management -- Bioeconomic Modeling and Resource Management -- Common Property and the Conservation of Natural Resources -- Information and Area-Wide Control in
Agricultural Ecology -- III. Epidemiology -- Fundamental Aspects of Epidemiology -- Three Basic Epidemiological Models -- The Population Biology of Parasitic Helminths in Animal Populations -- Simple Versus Complex Epidemiological
Models -- Periodicity in Epidemiological Models -- Case Studies -- Rubella -- Influenza and Some Related Mathematical Models -- Review of Recent Models of HIV/AIDS Transmission -- The Transmission Dynamics of Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV) -- IV. Ecotoxicology -- Models in Ecotoxicology: Methodological Aspects -- Deterministic and Statistical Models of Chemical Fate in Aquatic Systems -- Effects of Toxicants on Aquatic Populations -- V. Demography and
Population Biology -- Mathematical Models in Plant Biology: An Overview -- Stable Population Theory and Applications -- Stage Structure Models Applied in Evolutionary Ecology -- Some Applications of Structured Models in Population
Dynamics -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642613173
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Biomathematics: 18
Keywords: Mathematics , Immunology , Ecology , Biomathematics , Statistics , Geoecology , Environmental geology , Ecotoxicology , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Ecology , Ecotoxicology , Immunology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Geoecology/Natural Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9783642933653:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling and Management of Resources under Uncertainty Proceedings of the Second U.S.-Australia Workshop on Renewable Resource Management held at the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, December 9–12, 1985
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (322 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93365-3
Contents:I Modelling/Biology -- Scale and Predictability in Ecological Modeling -- Behavioral Modelling and Resource Management -- Modeling for Biological Resource Management -- Optimal Harvest Policies for Fisheries with Uncertain Stock Sizes
-- Analysis of Environmental Influences on Population Dynamics -- Identification and Control of Stochastic Linear Multispecies Ecosystem Models -- An Evolutionary Response to Harvesting -- Density-Dependent Habitat Selection: A Tool
for More Effective Population Management -- II Controls/Techniques -- Approaches to Adaptive Policy Design for Harvest Management -- Computer-Intensive Methods for Fisheries Stock Assessment -- Variability in Ecosystem Models: A
Deterministic Approach -- Generating Reachable Set Boundaries for Discrete-Time Systems -- Uncertain Dynamical Systems: An Application to River Pollution Control -- Real Time Management of a Resource Consumption Model -- Control
Problems in Irrigation Management -- A Differential Game Between Two Players Harvesting from a Divided fishery -- III Management/Real Problems -- Groundwater-Based Agriculture in the Arid American West: Modeling the Transition to a
Steady-State Renewable Resource Economy -- Great Lakes Fisheries: Are Explicit Controls Necessary? -- Sampling Highly Aggregated Populations with Application to California Sardine-Management -- The Structure of Fishing Systems and the
Implementation of Management Policy -- Spatial Models of Tuna Dynamics in the Western Pacific: Is International Management Necessary? -- Examination of Institutional Structures in Multiple Resource, Multiple Management Systems: A
Control Theoretic Approach -- Optimal Harvesting of a Year-Class of Prawns
ISBN:9783642933653
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 72
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Environmental economics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Environmental Economics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781489904737:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Radon
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (363 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0473-7
Contents:1 Properties -- 2 History and Uses -- 3 Measurement -- 4 Sources -- 5 Human Exposure -- 6 Dosimetry -- 7 Health Effects -- 8 Mitigation -- 9 Risk Assessment and Policy -- Appendix A: Radioactive Decay -- Appendix B: Conversion Factors
-- References -- General Reading List -- About the Authors and Editors
ISBN:9781489904737
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 35
Keywords: Medicine , Public health , Epidemiology , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Medicine & Public Health , Public Health , Epidemiology , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642518614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Compartmental Modeling and Tracer Kinetics
Author(s): David H Anderson
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (304 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-51861-4
Contents:Section 1. Compartmental Systems -- 1A. Introduction -- 1B. Preliminary definitions -- 1C. Tracer experiments -- 1D. History of compartmental analysis -- Section 2. Elementary Compartmental Models -- 2A. Drug kinetics -- 2B. Leaky
fluid tanks -- 2C. Diffusion -- 2D. Solute mixture -- Section 3. First-Order Chemical Reactions -- Section 4. Environmental Studies -- 4A. Kinetics of lead in the body -- 4B. The Aleut ecosystem -- Section 5. Nonlinear Compartmental
Models -- 5A. Continuous flow chemical reactor -- 5B. Reaction order -- 5C. Other nonlinear compartmental models -- Section 6. The General Compartmental Model -- Section 7. Tracer Kinetics in Steady-State Systems -- 7A. The tracer
equations -- 7B. Linear compartmental models. -- Section 8. Uptake of Potassium by Red Blood Cells -- Section 9. Standard Types of Tracer Experiments -- 9A. Tracer concentration equations -- 9B. Tracer specific activity equations --
Section 10. Analytical Solution of the Tracer Model -- 10A. The general solution of the model -- 10B. Nonnegativity of the solution -- Section 11. System Structure and Connectivity -- 11A. The connectivity diagram -- 11B. Common
compartmental systems -- 11C. Strongly connected systems -- Section 12. System Eigenvalues and Stability. -- 12A. Nonpositive eigenvalues . -- 12B. The smallest magnitude eigenvalue -- 12C. Symmetrizable compartmental matrices and real
eigenvalues -- 12D. Distinct eigenvalues -- 12E. Compartmental model stability -- 12F. Bounds on the extreme eigenvalues -- Section 13. The Inverse of a Compartmental Matrix -- 13A. Invertibility conditions -- 13B. A Neumann series for
the inverse matrix -- 13C. Matrix inequalities -- Section 14. Mean Times and the Inverse Matrix -- 14A. Mean residence times -- 14B. The compartmental matrix exponential -- 14C. Further properties of mean residence time -- 14D. System
Mean residence time -- Section 15. Solution of the Steady-State Problem for SEC Systems -- 15A. The tracer steady-state problem -- 15B. Ill-conditioned SEC systems -- 15C. An iterative procedure for SEC systems -- 15D. Updating the
algorithm -- Section 16. Structural Identification of the Model -- 16A. The system (A, B, C) -- 16B. The structural identification problem -- 16C. A simple identification example -- 16D. Realizations of impulse response functions --
16E. Impulse response function structure -- 16F. Nonlinear identification equations -- 16G. A three compartment model -- 16H. A four compartment model -- Section 17. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Identifiability -- 17A. Model
identifiability -- 17B. Necessary conditions -- 17C. Sufficient conditions -- Section 18. A Simple Test for Nonidentifiability -- 18A. Counting nonzero transfer function coefficients -- 18B. Coefficient structure -- 18C. Further
refinements of formula (18.4) -- 18D. The nonidentifiability test -- 18E. Tighter bounds on the number of independent equations -- Section 19. Computation of the Model Parameters -- 19A. Local identifiability -- 19B. Newton’s method
and modifications -- 19C. The Kantorovich conditions -- 19D. An example -- Section 20. An Alternative Approach to Identification -- 20A. A new identification method -- 20B. The component matrices of A -- 20C. The identification
technique using component matrices -- 20D. Identification of a lipoprotein model -- 20E. The identification technique using modal matrices -- 20F. Identification of a pharmacokinetic system -- 20G. Spectral sensitivity of a linear
model -- Section 21. Controllability, Observability, and Parameter Identifiability -- 21A. The control problem -- 21B. Completely controllable systems -- 21C. Completely observable systems -- 21D. Realizations and identifiability --
21E. A third method of identifiability -- Section 22. Model Identification from the Transfer Function Equations -- 22A. Form of the nonlinear equations -- 22B. Coefficients of the transfer fuction -- 22C. The nonlinear algebraic
equations for the identification problem -- 22D. Necessary conditions for positive solutions of the nonlinear system -- 22E. Refined necessary conditions -- 22F. Additional properties of the nonlinear algebraic system -- 22G. An
iterative scheme for solving F(?) = 0 -- 22H. Triangularization of F(?) = 0 -- 22I. Uniqueness of solution F(?) = 0 -- Section 23. The Parameter Estimation Problem -- 23A. The basic estimation problem -- 23B. A lipoprotein metabolism
model -- 23C. Nonlinear least-squares -- 23D. Initial parameter estimates -- 23E. Method of moments -- 23F. Other methods of parameter estimation -- 23G. Positive amplitudes -- 23H. Curve-fitting sums of exponentials is ill-posed --
23I. Fitting the differential equation model directly to data -- 23J. Modulating function method -- 23K. An antigen — antibody reaction example -- 23L. Additional literature on fitting of differential equations to data -- Section 24.
Numerical Simulation of the Model -- 24A. Compartmental model simulation -- 24B. A three compartment thyroxine model -- 24C. Numerical integration methods and some inadequacies -- 24D. Implicit methods . -- 24E. Determining model
stiffness -- Section 25. Identification of Compartment Volumes -- 25A. The basic single exit compartmental model -- 25B. Readily identifiable parameters -- 25C. The catenary single exit system -- 25D. Estimation of compartmental
volumes -- 25E. Creatinine clearance model -- 25F. Shock therapy -- 25G. Bounds and approximations on compartmental volumes -- Section 26. A Discrete Time Stochastic Model of a Compartmental System -- 26A. The Markov chain model --
26B. The liver disease model -- 26C. Simulation of the hepatic system -- 26D. Mathematical analysis of the model -- 26E. Parameter estimation -- 26F. Discussion -- Section 27. Closing Remarks
ISBN:9783642518614
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 50
Keywords: Life sciences , Algebra , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Biomathematics , Statistics , Life Sciences , Life Sciences, general , Applications of Mathematics , Algebra , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781468440522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement of Risks
Author(s):
Date:1981
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-4052-2
Contents:The risks of measuring risk -- Session I: Statistical Inference of Risks -- The proper interpretation of significance tests in risk assessment -- Remarks on sequential designs in risk assessment -- Epidemiologic studies of toxic
response — significance requirements -- Biological models in epidemiology: radiation carcinogenesis -- Session II: Risks of Prenatal Exposures -- Dose-response relationships for adult and prenatal exposures to methylmercury -- Risk
factors for deficits in early cognitive development -- Utilization of critical periods during development to study the effects of low levels of environmental agents -- Epidemiologic studies of environmental exposures in human
reproduction -- Session III: Risks of Contaminated Air and Drinking Water -- Health risks of lead as judged from autopsy material -- Use of tests of pulmonary function to measure effect of air pollutants -- Experimental evaluation of
air pollutants in humans as a basis for estimating risk -- Problems and possibilities of determining the carcinogenic potency of inhalable fibrous dusts and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons -- Session IV: Comparative Risks of Energy
Sources -- Some probabilistic aspects of safety assessment -- What is the total risk of energy systems? -- Have the nuclear power risk assessors failed? -- Session V: Genetic and Cancer Hazards -- Cytogenetic bases for risk inference
-- Problems and solutions in the estimation of genetic risks from radiation and chemicals -- Evaluation of genetic risks -- Session VI: Extrapolation to Low Doses -- Extrapolation from long term low dose animal studies -I. Review --
Extrapolation from long term low dose animal studies -II. The ED01 study -- The shapes of the radiation dose — mutation response curves in Drosophila: mechanisms and implications -- The cancer risk from low level radiation -- A simple
threshold model for the classical bioassay problem -- A biological basis for the linear non-threshold dose — response relationship for low-level carcinogen response -- Participants
ISBN:9781468440522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 21
Keywords: Medicine , Veterinary medicine , Medicine & Public Health , Veterinary Medicine
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9781468426342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Behavioral Pharmacology The Current Status
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (301 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2634-2
Contents:The future of behavioral pharmacology -- Session I Environmental Influences Affecting the Voluntary Intake of Drugs -- Environmental influences affecting the voluntary intake of drugs: an overview -- An experimental analysis of
behavioral factors in drug dependence -- Second-order schedules of drug injection -- Behavioral functions of narcotic antagonists: response-drug contingencies -- Experimental models for the modification of human drug
self-administration: Methodological developments in the study of ethanol self-administration by alcoholics -- Session II Interactions of Behavioral and Neurochemical Processes -- On neurochemistry and behavior -- Behavioral correlates
of serotonin depletion -- Neurochemical changes associated with schedule-controlled behavior -- Serotonergic and cholinergic mechanisms during disruption of approach and avoidance behavior -- Catecholamines and drug—behavior
interactions -- Session III Behavioral Toxicology -- Behavioral toxicology: A developing discipline -- Assessing the impact of low level chemicals on development: behavioral and latent effects -- Amphetamine toxicity: behavioral and
neuropathological indexes -- Psychophysical evaluation of toxic effects on sensory systems -- Behavioral effects of mercury and methylmercury -- Session IV Contingencies of Reinforcement as Determinants of Drug Response --
Schedule-controlled behaviors as determinants of drug response -- Determinants of drug effects on punished responding -- The role of discriminative stimuli in modulating drug action -- Reinforcement schedules and extrapolations to
humans from animals in behavioral pharmacology -- Discrete trial analysis of drug action
ISBN:9781468426342
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:FASEB Monographs : 4
Keywords: Medicine , Pharmacology , Behavioral sciences , Biomedicine , Pharmacology/Toxicology , Behavioral Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9783642454554:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Problems in Biology Victoria Conference
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45455-4
Contents:Measurement processes and hierarchical organization -- Analysis of wave propagation in cilia and flagella -- Mathematical bioeconomics -- Models of large-scale nervous activityr -- Strategy for a predator with a mimicking prey --
Finite difference methods for the numerical solution of the Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations -- Habitat selection and a Liapunov function -- Aspects of evolutionary theory and the theory of games -- Coexistence of species in a discrete
system -- Asymptotic behavior and stability in epidemic models -- Resilience and stability as shown by models of ecological systems -- Thresholds for deterministic epidemics -- Dynamic analysis in “soft science” studies: In defense of
difference equations -- Probabilistic limit cycles -- Oscillations in biochemistry -- A simple test for tag recapture estimation -- Are species association coefficients really necessary? -- A model of morphogenesis -- Flagellar growth
-- Some remarks on random sets mosaics -- Qualitative behavior of stochastic epidemics -- Stochastic models for cell proliferation -- Instructional lecture on mathematical techniques -- Anomalous diffusion through membranes -- The role
of age structure in the dynamics of interacting populations -- Some consequences of stochasticizing an ecological system model -- Competition on an environmental gradient -- Morphogenesis in sand dollar embryos -- Ecological and
economic markets -- Some stochastic growth processes -- Derivation of the equation for concentration profiles in a binary diffusing system -- An economic model of population growth and competition in natural communities -- Wavelike
activity in biological and chemical media -- Mathematics and Biology -- Some Problems Posed at the Conference -- A Bibliography of Mathematical Biology
ISBN:9783642454554
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 2
Keywords: Medicine , Life sciences , Biomathematics , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1972-9781468426281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science of Life Contributions of Biology to Hunman Welfare
Author(s):
Date:1972
Size:1 online resource (358 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2628-1
Contents:I. Introduction -- II. Basic Biomedicine -- Speed of application -- Reproductive physiology -- Regulatory mechanisms -- The lungs -- The hormones, insulin and diabetes -- Hormones and ulcers -- Neurophysiology and mental diseases --
Cardiovascular diseases -- Comparative physiology -- Macromolecules and DNA -- The proteins -- Enzymes -- Biosynthesis -- Metabolic events -- Energy -- The molecular basis of disease -- Rational design of drugs -- Application of basic
knowledge -- Selected additional reading -- III. Clinical Medicine -- Infectious diseases -- Parasitic diseases -- Community health and epidemiology -- Military research contributions -- Drugs -- Immunology -- Transplantation --
Anesthesiology -- Surgery -- Cardiovascular surgery -- Cardiovascular disease -- Renal disease -- Pulmonary disease -- Hematology -- Endocrinology -- Medical genetics -- Pediatrics -- Obstetrics and gynecology -- Geriatrics --
Nutrition -- Neurology -- Psychiatry -- Ophthalmology -- Otorhinolaryngology -- Radiology -- Nuclear medicine -- Bioengineering -- Automation -- Rehabilitation -- Conclusion -- Selected additional reading -- IV. Dental Science --
Dental decay -- Periodontal disease -- Other clinical considerations -- Delivery of dental services -- Dental materials -- Orthodontics -- Surgical orthodontics -- Maxillofacial prosthesis -- Selected additional reading -- V. Food --
Food from plants -- Harvest to table -- Food from animals -- Animal disease control -- Preserving and distributing food from animals -- Processing and preserving foods . -- Conclusion -- Selected additional reading -- VI. Population
Biology -- Population potential and carrying capacity -- Populations in ecosystems -- Controlling pest populations -- Selected additional reading -- VII. Environmental Hazards -- Biological hazards to man -- Chemical hazards to man --
Physical hazards to man -- Selected additional reading -- VIII. Marine Sciences -- Feeding man -- Resource assessment -- Behavior studies -- Value of prediction offishing success -- Preservation of fishery products -- Fish protein
concentrate -- Management of renewable resources -- Diseases and parasites -- Man and his environment -- Health and medical research -- Selected additional reading -- IX. Natural Resources -- Man and his resources -- Land: the greatest
resource -- Forest and timber resources -- Game management -- Technology in resource management -- Microbes—the unseen resource -- Conversion of waste to resource -- Preserving for the future -- Conservation of man’s abundance --
Selected additional reading
ISBN:9781468426281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:FASEB Monographs : 1
Keywords: Science , Science, general , Science, general
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