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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD EPISTEMOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/23101.216 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword epistemology ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789462392342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Atomic World Spooky? It Ain't Necessarily So! Emergent Quantum Mechanics, How the Classical Laws of Nature Can Conspire to Cause Quantum-Like Behaviour
Author(s): Theo van Holten
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XX, 561 p. 241 illus., 191 illus. in color p.)
Contents:1. Introduction and Outline -- 2. Strange Behaviour at Quantum Scale: the full List -- 3. The Transition Region as Predicted by Quantum Mechanics -- 4. From Rigid Marble to Vibrating Droplet of Charge: Model Assumptions -- 5.
Determining the Electromagnetic Self Forces -- 6. A Brief Excursion to Sub-Atomic Scales: the Electron, the Muon and the Tau Particle -- 7. Dynamics of the Droplet: a Pictorial Representation of the Equations of Motion -- 8. First
Glimpses of Quantum Behaviour: Matter Waves -- 9. Energy Quantisation in Potential Wells -- 10. Still more (non)Glimpses: the Droplet is Sometimes Invisible -- 11. Schrödinger's Equation -- 12. On Radiation and Radio Silence
Interaction Between Charges and Radiation -- 13. On Bohr's Radiation Out of Nothing and on Photons, the Particles with a Wavelength -- 14. Summing up the Successes and the Remaining Mysteries -- 15. A Chapter full of Speculations:
Bohr's Atom, Schrödinger's Cat, Spooky Interactions, and the Double-Slit Experiment -- 16. Conclusions: the Direction Towards Einstein’s “Hidden Variable”?
ISBN:9789462392342
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Popular Science in Physics , Epistemology
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Call number:9783319459011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:First Complex Systems Digital Campus World E-Conference 2015
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 424 p. 120 illus., 96 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Welcome to CS-DC’15 -- Reconstructing multi-scale dynamics -- Machine learning methods -- A formal model to compute uncertain continuous data -- Knowledge maps -- Analysis of a Planetary Scale Scientific Collaboration Dataset Reveals
Novel Patterns -- Epistemology of integrative and predictive sciences -- Information science and the complexity: are we orientated to a transdisciplinary science? -- Synthesis of ecology, biology and ethnographic data -- Bayesian
Causalities, Mappings, and Phylogenies: A Social Science Gateway for Modeling Complexity in Ethnographic, Archaeo-, Eco- and Bio-logical Variables -- Multi-level modeling -- Statistical and dynamical properties of networks -- Community
detection as an efficient way to attack real networks -- From particles to complex matter -- Chemical garden -- Assembly of molecular metal oxides from the nano to the macroscale via chemical gardens -- Physics of complex systems --
Viscosity scaling in hydrodynamic instabilities in porous media -- A general approach to the linear stability analysis of miscible viscous fingering in porous media -- From individual to social cognition -- From individual to social
cognition: Piaget, Jung and commons -- Ecological approach of sport and sport education -- Ecological Dynamics: a theoretical framework for understanding sport performance, physical education and physical -- Emerging dance movements
under ecological constraints in Contact Improvisation dancers with different background -- Emerging collective shared behaviors from individual exploration in football small-sided games -- Adaptability in swimming pattern: how do
swimmers adapt propulsive action as a function of speed? -- Backstroke start performance prediction -- Flexible perception-action strategies for follow-the-leader coordination -- Dynamic process of pulmonary data analysis: from the
athlete mouth to the coach’s hands -- From processing units to computational ecosystems to the cloud -- A multi-agent system approach to load-balancing and resource allocation for distributed computing -- Integrative science of
education -- POEM-COPA Collaborative Open Peer Assessment -- Implications of agent-based computational modeling and simulation for preventive education in children with ADHD -- MOOC as a complex system -- From fields to territories to
the planet -- Integrative logistics -- Logistics and Territory integrative approach -- Process modeling of an international transport chain through the simulation tool SIMPROCESS -- Dynamic emissions reduction from vehicles with
technical and behavioral approach -- 4p-factories (e-lab) -- Is the Lean Organisation a complex system? -- An artificial immune ecosystem model for hybrid cloud supervision -- Engineering of territory sustainability -- Spatialisation
of Soil Erosion Susceptibility Using USLE Model -- Social patterns in multicultural environments Matrimonial patterns and trans-ethnic entities -- Economics as a complex evolutionist system -- A study of heterogeneity in a stock market
simulator based on a model of agents that learn from experience in a market with multiple stocks -- Are innovation systems complex systems? -- From molecules to ecosphere -- Ocean biogeochemical dynamics -- Frontal systems as
mechanisms of fish aggregation -- Lagrangian approach to phytoplankton mesoscale biogeography in the Kerguelen region -- Lyapunov exponents and oceanic fronts.
ISBN:9783319459011
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Data mining , System theory , Computational intelligence , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Complex Systems , Complex Systems , Complexity , Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery , Computational Intelligence , Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics
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Call number:9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.)
Contents:Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre­-Philosophical Period by Michael
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan --
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C.
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems:
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. <
ISBN:9783319444185
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics
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Call number:1848210736:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Cognitive Technologies: Epistemology and Knowledge Society
Author(s): Brossard
Date:2010
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (417 p.)
ISBN:9781848210738
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319397566:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Uncertainty The Soul of Modeling, Probability & Statistics
Author(s): William Briggs
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (258 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39756-6
Contents:Truth, Argument, Realism -- Logic -- Induction and Intellection -- What Probability Is -- What Probability Is Not -- Chance and Randomness -- Causality -- Probability Models -- Statistical and Physical Models -- Modelling Goals, Strategies, and Mis takes
ISBN:9783319397566
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Epistemology , Logic , Mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Philosophy of Mathematics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Epistemology , Logic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319225579:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Toward Predicate Approaches to Modality
Author(s): Johannes Stern
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (190 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22557-9
Contents:Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Modality and Logic -- Chapter 3. Consistencies and Inconsistencies in Modal Logic -- Chapter 4. Modality and Axiomatic Theories of Truth -- Chapter 5. Conclusion
ISBN:9783319225579
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library: 44
Keywords: Philosophy , Epistemology , Logic , Metaphysics , Philosophy , Logic , Metaphysics , Epistemology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319198637:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Leibniz on the Parallel Postulate and the Foundations of Geometry The Unpublished Manuscripts
Author(s): Vincenzo De Risi
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (195 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-19863-7
Contents:1.Introduction -- 2.The Theory of Parallel Lines in the Age of Leibniz -- 3.Leibniz’ Epistemology of Geometry and the Parallel Postulate -- 4.Leibniz’ Attempts to prove the Parallel Postulate -- 5.Reception and Legacy -- Leibniz’ Texts on Par allel Lines -- Bibliography
ISBN:9783319198637
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Science Networks. Historical Studies: 51
Keywords: Mathematics , Philosophy , Geometry , History , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Geometry , History of Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319143163:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Niels Bohr, 1913-2013 Poincaré Seminar 2013
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (26 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-14316-3
Contents:Foreword -- Keeping Things Open, Tomas Bohr -- Bohr's Trilogy of 1913, Olivier Darrigol -- The Mind that Created the Bohr atom, John Heilbron -- Bohr's Legacy in Cavity QED, Serge Haroche & Jean-Michel Raimond -- From Einstein, Bohr, Schrödinger t o Bell and Feynman: A New Quantum Revolution?, Alain Aspect.- Interacting Cold Rydberg Atoms: A Toy Many-Body System, Antoine Browaeys.- Bohr's Complementarity and Kant's Epistemology, Michel Bitbol & Stefano Osnaghi
ISBN:9783319143163
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics: 68
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematical Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319060804:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Trends in Philosophical Logic [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roberto Ciuni
Heinrich Wansing
Caroline Willkommen
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume presents recent advances in philosophical logic with chapters focusing on non-classical logics, including paraconsistent logics, substructural logics, modal logics of agency and other modal logics. The authors coverthemes such as the know ability paradox, tableaux and sequent calculi, natural deduction, definite descriptions, identity, truth, dialetheism, and possible worlds semantics. The developments presented here focus on challengingproblems in the specification of fundamental philoso phical notions, as well as presenting new techniques and tools, thereby contributing to the development of the field. Each chapter contains a bibliography, to assist the reader inmaking connections in the specific areas covered. Thus this work provides bo th a starting point for further investigations into philosophical logic and an update on advances, techniques and applications in a dynamic field. Thechapters originate from papers presented during the Trends in Logic XI conference at the Ruhr University Bochum, June 2012
Contents:Chapter 1. Semantic Defectiveness: A Dissolution of Semantic Pathology Bradley Armour
Garb and James A. Woodbridge
Chapter 2. Emptiness and discharge in sequent calculus and natural deduction Michael Arndt and Luca Tranchini
Chapter 3. The Knowability Paradox in the light of a Logic for Pragmatics Massimiliano Carrara and Daniele Chi
Chapter 4. A Dialetheic Interpretation of Classical Logic Massimiliano Carrara and Enrico Martino
Chapter 5. Strongly semantic information as information about the truth Gustavo Cevolani
Chapter 6. Priest's Motorbike and Tolerant Identity Pabl
ISBN:9783319060804
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v41
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Genetic epistemology , Logic , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319050621:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Beginning and the End [electronic resource] : The Meaning of Life in a Cosmological Perspective
Author(s): Clment Vidal
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In this fascinating journey to the edge of science, Vidal takes on big philosophical questions: Does our universe have a beginning and an end, or is it cyclic? Are we alone in the universe? What is the role of intelligent life, ifany, in cosmic evolu tion? Grounded in science and committed to philosophical rigor, this book presents an evolutionary worldview where the rise of intelligent life is not an accident, but may well be the key to unlocking the universe'sdeepest mysteries. Vidal shows how the f ine-tuning controversy can be advanced with computer simulations. He also explores whether natural or artificial selection could hold on a cosmic scale. In perhaps his boldest hypothesis, heargues that signs of advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are already present in our astrophysical data. His conclusions invite us to see the meaning of life, evolution, and intelligence from a novel cosmological framework thatshould stir debate for years to come
Contents:Part IOverview of Worldviews
The Six Dimensions of Philosophy
Criteria for Worldview Comparison
Religious, Scientific and Philosophical Worldviews
Part II The Beginning of the Universe
Origins of the Origin
Capturing Free Parameters
The Fine
Tuning Conjecture
Part III Our Future in the Universe
The Future of Scientific Simulations
Cosmological Selections
High Energy Astrobiology
Cosmological Ethics and Immortality
Appendix I: A Cosmic Evolutionary Worldview
Appendix II: Argumentative Maps
ISBN:9783319050621
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Genetic epistemology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319036687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carl Friedrich von Weizscker: Major Texts in Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Drieschner
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizscker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in Englishfor the first time. Weiz scker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics. Later he would also become well known as a philosopher and analyst of contemporary culture. Texts includethe original publications of the Weizscker-Bethe formula of nuclear masses and the Bethe-Weizscker cycle, which explains the source of energy in the sun both were developed by Bethe at the same time and independentlyof Weizscker. Further texts deal with Weizsckers explanation of the origin of planets, his explanation of the time arrow in Statistical Mechanics and his analyses of Quantum Mechanics and the structure of physics ingeneral
Contents:Introduction
On Elementary Transmutations in the Interior of Stars. Paper II
The Formation of the Planetary System
The History of Nature, Introduction
The Second Law and the Difference between Past and Future
A Sketch of the Unity of Physics
Quantum Theory
Probability and Abstract Quantum Theory
The Philosophy of Alternatives
Matter and Consciousness
Matter, Energy, Information
ISBN:9783319036687
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice, 2194-3125 : v22
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034806091:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards a General Theory of Classifications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel Parrochia
Pierre Neuville
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is an essay on the epistemology of classifications. Its main purpose is not to provide an exposition of an actual mathematical theory of classifications, that is, a general theory which would be available to any kind ofthem: hierarchical or non-hierarchical, ordinary or fuzzy, overlapping or non-overlapping, finite or infinite, and so on, establishing a basis for all possible divisions of the real world. For the moment, such a theory remains nothingbut a dream. Instead, the authors essentia lly put forward a number of key questions. Their aim is rather to reveal the state of art of this dynamic field and the philosophy one may eventually adopt to go further. To this end theypresent some advances made in the course of the last century, discus s a few tricky problems that remain to be solved, and show the avenues open to those who no longer wish to stay on the wrong track. Researchers and professionalsinterested in the epistemology and philosophy of science, library science, logic and set theor y, order theory or cluster analysis will find this book a comprehensive, original and progressive introduction to the main questions in thisfield
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
1 Philosophical problems
2 Information data structures
3 Empirical Clustering and classic hierarchies
4 Algebra of trees
5 Generalized Classifications
6 Topology of generalized classifications
7 Meta
classification
8 For an axiomatic theory of classifications
9 Alternative theories and higher infinite
10 Postscript
Bibliography.
ISBN:9783034806091
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Studies in Universal Logic
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic , Information storage and retrieval systems , Algebra , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783034803793:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Around and Beyond the Square of Opposition [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jean-Yves Bziau
Dale Jacquette
Date:2012
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The theory of oppositions based on Aristotelian foundations of logic has been pictured in a striking square diagram which can be understood and applied in many different ways having repercussions in various fields: epistemology,linguistics, mathemati cs, sociology, physics. The square can also be generalized in other two-dimensional or multi-dimensional objects extending in breadth and depth the original Aristotelian theory. The square of opposition is a veryattractive theme which has been going throu gh centuries without evaporating. Since 10 years there is a new growing interest for the square due to recent discoveries and challenging interpretations. This book presents a collection ofpreviously unpublished papers by high level specialists of the squ are from all over the world
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Historical and Critical Aspects of the Square
2 Philosophical Discussions around the Square of Opposition
3 The Square of Opposition and Non
Classical Logics
4 Constructions Generalizing the Square of Opposition
5 Applications of the Square of Opposition
ISBN:9783034803793
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Studies in Universal Logic
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642176470:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Risk and Meaning [electronic resource] : Adversaries in Art, Science and Philosophy
Author(s): Nicolas Bouleau
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This richly illustrated book is an exploration of how chance and risk, on the one hand, and meaning or significance on the other, compete for the limelight in art, in philosophy, and in science. In modern society, prudence andprobability calculation permeate our daily lives. Yet it is clear for all to see that neither cautious bank regulations nor mathematics have prevented economic crises from occurring time and again. Nicolas Bouleau argues that it is themeaning we assign to an event that determine s the perceived risk, and that we generally turn a blind eye to this important fact, because the word meaning is itself awkward to explain. He tackles this fundamental question throughexamples taken from cultural fields ranging from painting, architecture , and music, to poetry, biology, and astronomy. This enables the reader to view overwhelming risks in a different light. Bouleau clarifies that the most importantthing in a time of uncertainty is to think of prudence on a higher level, one that truly addr esses the various subjective interpretations of the world
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Entrance: Interpretation and Paradigms
I. Cicero and Divination
II. Cournots Philosophic Probabilities
III. Mathematical Probabilities
IV. Democracy by Chance
V. Gestalt, Structure, Pattern
VI. The Third Dimension of Risk
VII. ''Modern Architecture
VIII. The Ideal City
IX.Daring the Abstract in Art
X. Saussure or the Dread of Mathematical Probabilities
XI. Jacques Monods Roulette
XII.From Fortuitism to Animism
XIII. The Slip as Fortuity and Meaning
XIV. Guessing Astronomy
XV. The Legitimacy of Science and Love
Hints and Index
ISBN:9783642176470
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Aesthetics , Genetic epistemology , Distribution (Probability theory) , Arts
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642121425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homo Novus A Human Without Illusions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ulrich J Frey
Charlotte Strmer
Kai P Willfhr
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Converging evidence from disciplines including sociobiology, evolutionary psychology and human biology forces us to adopt a new idea of what it means to be a human. As cherished concepts such as free will, nave realism, humansas creation's crowning g lory fall and our moral roots in ape group dynamics become clearer, we have to take leave of many concepts that have been central to defining our humanness. What emerges is a new human, the homo novus, a humanbeing without illusions. Leading authors from many different fields explore these issues by addressing these illusions and providing evidence for the need to switch to this new idea of man, in spite of understandable reluctance to letgo of our most beloved illusions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Humans Are Exceptional
The Position of Man in the Cosmos
Living Differences
Nothing to Talk About
We Are Independent of Our Sociobiological Roots
The True Egoist Is Cooperative
The Social Brain and Its Implications
Why Most Theories Get It Wrong
The Biological Imperative Doesnt Matter to Us
Mortality Crises and Their Consequences for Human Life Histories
Costs and Consequences of Reproduction
Height and Reproductive Success
The Past Doesnt Echo in Our Heads
Developmental Psychology Without Dualistic Illusions
The Psychology of Families
Moral,
ISBN:9783642121425
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Genetic epistemology , Evolution (Biology) , Psychology , Anthropology , Consciousness
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9780387853345:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Epistemology and Probability [electronic resource] : Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrdinger, and the Nature of Quantum-Theoretical Thinking
Author(s): Arkady Plotnitsky
Date:2010
Edition:First
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum mechanics, discovered by Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schrdinger in 1925-1926, is famous for its radical implications for our conception of physics and for our view of human knowledge in general. While these implicationshave been seen as scien tifically productive and intellectually liberating to some, Niels Bohr and Heisenberg, among them, they have been troublesome to many others, including Schrdinger and, most famously, Albert Einstein. Thesituation led to the intense debate that started in the wake of its discovery and has continued into our own time, with no end appearing to be in sight. Epistemology and Probability aims to contribute to our understanding of quantummechanics and of the reasons for its extraordinary impact by reconsidering, under the rubric of nonclassical epistemology, the nature of epistemology and probability, and their relationships in quantum theory. The book bringstogether the thought of the three figures most responsible for the rise of quantum mechanicsHeisenberg an d Schrdinger, on the physical side, and Bohr, on the philosophical sidein order to develop a deeper sense of the physical,mathematical, and philosophical workings of quantum-theoretical thinking. Reciprocally, giving a special emphasis on probability and specifically to the Bayesian concept of probability allows the book to gain new insights into thethought of these figures. The book reconsiders, from this perspective, the Bohr-Einstein debate on the epistemology of quantum physics and, in particular, off ers a new treatment of the famous experiment of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen(EPR), and of the Bohr-Einstein exchange concerning the subject. It also addresses the relevant aspects of quantum information theory and considers the implications of its episte mological argument for higher-level quantum theories,such as quantum field theory and string and brane theories. One of the main contributions of the book is its analysis of the role of ma
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction: Epistemology and Probability in Quantum Theory: Physics, Mathematics, and Philosophy
Quantum Phenomena and the Double
Slit Experiment
Heisenbergs Revolutions: New Kinematics, New Mathematics, and New Philosophy
From Geometry to Algebra in Physics, with Heisenberg
Schrdingers waves: Propagation and Probability
Bohrs Como Argument: Complementarity and the Problem of Causality
From Como to Copenhagen: Renunciations
Can Quantum
Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Both Complete and Local?
Essential Ambiguity and Essent
ISBN:9780387853345
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v161
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Genetic epistemology , Science Philosophy , Distribution (Probability theory) , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540682424:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:David Hilbert's Lectures on the Foundations of Physics 1915-1927 [electronic resource] : Relativity, Quantum Theory and Epistemology
Author(s): Tilman Sauer
Ulrich Majer
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Volume 5 has three parts, dealing with General Relativity, Epistemological Issues, and Quantum Mechanics. The core of the first part is Hilberts two semester lecture course on The Foundations of Physics (1916/17). Thisis framed by Hilberts published First and Second Communications on the Foundations of Physics (1915, 1917) and by a selection of documents dealing with more specific topics like The Principle of Causality or alecture on the new concepts of space and time held in Bucharest in 1918. The e pistemological issues concern the intricate relation between nature and mathematical knowledge, in particular the question of irreversibility and objectivity(1921) as well as the subtle question whether what Hilbert calls the world equations are physicall y complete (1923). The last part deals with quantum theory in its early, advanced and mature stages. Hilbert held lecture courseson the mathematical foundations of quantum theory twice, before and after the breakthrough in 1926. These documents bear witne ss to one of the most dramatic changes in the foundations of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Mitteilungen
The Foundations of Physics: The Lectures (19161917)
The Foundations of Physics: Specific Topics (1915?1918)
Epistemological Questions of Physics (1921 and 1923)
Lectures on Radiation and Quantum Theory (1912)
Lectures on Quantum Theory (192223 and 192627)
ISBN:9783540682424
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science Philosophy , Mathematics_$xHistory , Quantum theory , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402090844:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards Mathematical Philosophy [electronic resource] : Papers from the Studia Logica conference Trends in Logic IV
Author(s): David Makinson
Jacek Malinowski
Heinrich Wansing
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume contains a collection of articles applying methods of logic or, more generally, of mathematics to solve problems, some of which come from logic itself, others from other sciences. Its range of subjects is far fromcomplete, but broadly rep resentative. The first group of papers in this volume consists of contributions to pure and applied modal logic. The problems discussed here range from the structure of lattices of normal and other modalpropositional logics to modal proof theory and to th e semantics of quantified modal logic. The second group of papers deals with Many-valued logics - an extensive domain of strictly logical investigations rooting in philosophicalquestions concerning the nature of logical values. Logical investigations in c ognitive science have successfully utilized methods and systems of belief revision, non-monotonic logic and dynamic epistemic logic. Towards MathematicalPhilosophy deals with focal issues of belief revision. The volume concludes with contributions which m ay be seen to belong to the field of formal epistemology, the area applying logical, probabilistic, game-theoretic and other formalmethods to problems and issues in epistemology and philosophy of science, such as those concerning anti-realism, skepticism, theory comparison and theory choice, justification, sources of knowledge and learning theories
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Logic to Mathematical Philosophy David Makinson, Jacek Malinowski, Heinrich Wansing
Commutativity of Quantifiers in Varying
Domain Kripke Models Rob Goldblatt, Ian Hodkinson
The Method of Tree
hypersequents for Modal Propositional Logic Francesca Poggiolesi
All Splitting Logics in the Lattice NExt(KTB) Tomasz Kowalski, Yukata Miyazaki
A Temporal Logic of Normative Systems Thomas gotnes, Wiebe van der Hoek, Juan A. Rodrguez
Aguilar, Carles Sierra, Michael Wooldridge
Reasoning with Justifications Melvin Fitting
Monotone Relations, Fixed Points, and Recursive Defi
ISBN:9781402090844
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Trends in Logic : v28
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic , Computer science , Algebra , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical , Computational linguistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402089268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Logicism, Intuitionism, and Formalism [electronic resource] : What has Become of Them?
Author(s): Sten Lindstrm
Erik Palmgren
Krister Segerberg
Viggo Stoltenberg-Hansen
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The period in the foundations of mathematics that started in 1879 with the publication of Frege's Begriffsschrift and ended in 1931 with Gdel's ber formal unentscheidbare Stze der Principia Mathematica und verwandterSysteme I can reasonably be called the classical period. It saw the development of three major foundational programmes: the logicism of Frege, Russell and Whitehead, the intuitionism of Brouwer, and Hilbert's formalist andproof-theoretic programme. In this period, there were also lively e xchanges between the various schools culminating in the famous Hilbert-Brouwer controversy in the 1920s. The purpose of this anthology is to review the programmes inthe foundations of mathematics from the classical period and to assess their possible rele vance for contemporary philosophy of mathematics. What can we say, in retrospect, about the various foundational programmes of the classicalperiod and the disputes that took place between them? To what extent do the classical programmes of logicism, intui tionism and formalism represent options that are still alive today? These questions are addressed in this volume byleading mathematical logicians and philosophers of mathematics. The volume will be of interest primarily to researchers and graduate student s of philosophy, logic, mathematics and theoretical computer science. The material will beaccessible to specialists in these areas and to advanced graduate students in the respective fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Preface. Notes On The Contributors. Introduction
I. Logicism And Neo
Logicism
II. Intuitionism And Constructive Mathematics
III. Formalism
Index
ISBN:9781402089268
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Synthese Library, Studies In Epistemology. Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science : v341
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Genetic epistemology , Logic , Ontology , Linguistics Philosophy , Mathematics_$xHistory , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387480770:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Superior Beings If They Exist How Would We Know? [electronic resource] : Game-Theoretic Implications of Omniscience, Omnipotence, Immortality, and Incomprehensibility
Author(s): Steven J Brams
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The central question posed in this book is: If there existed a superior being who possessed the supernatural qualities of omniscience, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility, how would he/she act differently from us?The mathematical theory of games is used to define each of these qualities, and different assumptions about the rules of play in several theological games that might be played between ordinary human beings and superior beings like Godare posited. Implications of these definitio ns and assumptions are developed and used to explore such questions as: are God's superior powers compatible with human free will? Can they be reconciled with the problem of evil in theworld? In what situation is God's existence decidable in gamelike rela tionships He migh have with us? By endowing omniscience/omnipotence/immortality/incomprehensibility with unambiguous meanings, the author shows how game theorycan help breathe life into questions that have been dismissed too quickly simply because they ar e metaphysical--outside the world of experience. Thereby he clarifies the structure of our thought about an ultimate reality, whether ornot it is viewed as religious. Reviews from the first edition: [Brams's] arguments, some of them quite complicated, are presented clearly and enough background information is given to enable the non-expert in game theory to followwhat is going on. - H.N.V. Temperley, Nature (March, 1984) Superior Beings is an extraordinary book... He [Brams] uses strikingly simple models and generally transparent logic to make some surprising inferences about superiority.His inquiry is carried out with great inventiveness and care, and his book is highly recommended to those interested in religion, philosophy, and the contribution of logi cal analysis. - D. Marc Kilgur, American Scientist (1984)Brams has performed a service in deominstrating that rational analysis need not stop where issues involving faith and emotion begin. - Pe
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Preface from First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgements
List of Figures
Introduction
The Rationality of Belief in a Superior Being
Omniscience and Partial Omniscience
The Paradox of Omniscience and the Theory of Moves
Omnipotence: Moving and Staying Power
Immortality and Incomprehensibility
Superior Beings: They May be Undecidable
Appendix
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9780387480770
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Science (General) , Genetic epistemology , Mathematics , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387298313:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:18 Unconventional Essays on the Nature of Mathematics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Reuben Hersh
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Advance praise for 18 Unconventional Essays on the Nature of Mathematics: I was pleasantly surprised to find that this book does not treat mathematics as dessicated formal logic but as a living organism, immediatelyrecognizable to any working mathema tician. - Sir Michael Atiyah, University of Edinburgh A wonderful collection of essays on the philosophy of mathematics, some by mathematicians, others by philosophers, and all having significantthings to say. Most readers will be informed, some will be i nfuriated, but all will be stimulated. - John H. Conway, John von Neumann Distinguished Professor of Mathematics, Princeton University This startling new collection ofessays edited by Reuben Hersh contains frank facts and opinions from leading mathematici ans, philosophers, sociologists, cognitive scientists, and even an anthropologist. Each essay provides a challenging and thought-provoking look atrecent advances in the philosophy of mathematics, demonstrating the possibilities of thinking fresh, sticking close to actual practice, and fearlessly letting go of standard shibboleths. The following essays are included: * AlfredRenyi: Socratic Dialogue * Carlo Cellucci: Filosofia e Matematica, introduction * William Thurston: On Proof and Progress in Mathemati cs * Andrew Aberdein: The Informal Logic of Mathematical Proof * Yehuda Rav: Philosophical Problemsof Mathematics in Light of Evolutionary Epistemology * Brian Rotman: Towards a Semiotics of Mathematics * Donald Mackenzie: Computers and the Sociology of M athematical Proof * Terry Stanway: From G.H.H. and Littlewood to XML and Maple:Changing Needs and Expectations in Mathematical Knowledge Management * Rafael Nunez: Do Numbers Really Move? * Timothy Gowers: Does Mathematics Need a Philosophy? * Jody Azzoun i: How and Why Mathematics is a Social Practice *Gian-Carlo Rota: The Pernicious Influence of Mathematics Upon Philosophy * Jack Schwartz: The Pernicious Influence of Mathematics on Science * Alfons
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction by Reuben Hersh
A. Renyi: Socratic Dialogue
C. Celluci: Filosofia e Matematica, introduction
W. Thurston: On Proof and Progress in Mathematics
A. Aberdein: The Informal Logic of Mathematical Proof
Y. Rav: Philosophical Problems of Mathematics in Light of Evolutionary Epistemology
B. Rotman: Towards a Semiotics of Mathematics
D. Mackenzie: Computers and the Sociology of Mathematical Proof
T. Stanway: From G.H.H. and Littlewood to XML and Maple: Changing Needs and Expectations in Mathematical Knowledge Management
R. Nunez: Do Numbers Really Move?
T. Gower
ISBN:9780387298313
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402028069:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inference on the Low Level An Investigation into Deduction, Nonmonotonic Reasoning, and the Philosophy of Cognition
Author(s): Hannes Leitgeb
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2806-9
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Preliminaries -- I The Explication of Monotonic and Nonmonotonic Inference -- 3 Belief -- 4 Inference -- II The Justification of Monotonic and Nonmonotonic Inference -- 5 General Remarks on Justification and
Justified Belief -- 6 An Informal Account of Our Theory of Justified Inference -- 7 A Discussion of Reliability -- 8 A Theory of Justified Inference -- III The Logic of Justified Monotonic and Nonmonotonic Inference -- 9 The Semantics
of Deductive and Nonmonotonic Logic -- 10 Systems of Deductive and Nonmonotonic Logic -- 11 Soundness and Completeness Results -- 12 Further Consequences for Justified Inference -- IV The Cognition of Justified Monotonic and
Nonmonotonic Inference by Low-Level Agents -- 13 Introductory Remarks -- 14 Inhibition Nets as Simple Neural Networks -- 15 Interpreted Inhibition Net Agents -- 16 Cumulative-Ordered Interpreted Inh. Net Agents and the System CL -- 17
Cumulative-Ordered Interpreted Inhibition Net Agents as Ideal Agents -- 18 Inhibition Nets and Other Forms of Nonmonotonic Reasoning -- 19 Inhibition Nets and Artificial Neural Networks -- 20 Discussion -- V Appendix -- 21 Digression
on States, Dispositions, Causation, Processes -- 22 Goldman’s Reliability Account of Justified Belief -- 23 A Sketch of Logic Programming -- 24 Preferential Interpreted Inhibition Net Agents and the System P -- 25 Cumulative
Interpreted Inhibition Net Agents and the System C -- 26 Simple Cumulative Interpreted Inhibition Net Agents and the System CM -- 27 Simple Preferential Interpreted Inhibition Net Agents and the System M -- References
ISBN:9781402028069
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Applied Logic Series: 30
Keywords: Mathematics , Epistemology , Logic , Artificial intelligence , Probabilities , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Epistemology , Logic , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401002592:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structural Reliabilism Inductive Logic as a Theory of Justification
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (190 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0259-2
Contents:1. The Systems of Inductive Logic 1 -- 1.1 The Main Ideas Preceding the Construction of the Systems of Inductive Logic -- 1.2 Carnap’s Systems of Inductive Logic -- 1.3 The Finnish School’s Systems of Inductive Logic -- 1.4 The
Bayesian Developments of Inductive Logic -- 2. Inductive Logic as a Structural Reliabilist Theory of Justification -- 2.1 The Mentalistic Theory of Justification and Process Reliabilism -- 2.2 Conflicting Meta-Level Assumptions of
Mentalistic -- Reliabilist Theories of Justification -- 2.3 The Minimalist Theory of Justification and Structural -- Reliabilism -- 2.4 Carnap’s Structural Reliabilism -- 2.5 The Finnish School’s Systems of Inductive Logic and
Structural Reliabilism -- 3. Structural Reliabilism and the Problems of Bayesian Epistemology -- 3.1 Epistemological Criticisms of Carnap’s Inductive Logic -- 3.2 Structural Reliabilism and Difficulties of Mentalistic Reliabilism --
3.3 Structural Reliabilism and the Paradoxes of Confirmation -- 3.4 The Structural Reliabilist Redefinition of the Bayesian Objective-Subjective Dichotomy -- Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9789401002592
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library: 16
Keywords: Philosophy , Epistemology , Logic , Philosophy and science , Statistics , Philosophy , Logic , Epistemology , Statistics, general , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662048559:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symbol and Physical Knowledge On the Conceptual Structure of Physics
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (230 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04855-9
Contents:1. Sources for the History of the Concept of Symbol from Leibniz to Cassirer -- 2. On the Use and Character of Symbols in Modern Physical Theories -- 3. The Symbol in the Theory of Science: Duhem’s Alleged Instrumentalism or
Conventionalism and the Continuity of Scientific Development -- 4. Beyond Realism. Symbolism in the Philosophy of Science by Charles S. Peirce and Ernst Cassirer -- 5. Heinrich Hertz and the Concept of a Symbol -- 6. Shifting Symbolic
Structures and Changing Theories: On the Non-Translatability and Empirical Comparability of Incommensurable Theories -- 7. Symbol and Intuition in Modern Physics -- 8. Idealizations in Physics -- 9. Symbolizing States and Events in
Quantum Mechanics -- 10. The Semiotics of “Postmodern” Physics
ISBN:9783662048559
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Philosophy and science , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Epistemology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9780306481444:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics, Mathematics, Cognition and Action Proposals for a Formalized Epistemology
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (494 p.)
Note:10.1007/0-306-48144-8
Contents:Remarks about the Program for a Formalized Epistemology -- Formalized Epistemology in a Philosophical Perspective -- Formalized Epistemology, Logic, and Grammar -- Epistemic Operations and Formalized Epistemology: Contribution to the
Study of the Role of Epistemic Operations in Scientific Theories -- Mathematical Physics and Formalized Epistermology: Debate with Jean Petitot -- On the Possibility of a Formalized Epistemology -- Quantum Mechanics Versus a Method of
Relativized Conceptualization -- Mathematical and Formalized Epistemologies -- Ago-Antagonistic Systems -- Complexity of the “Basic Unit” of Language: Some Parallels in Physics and Biology -- About the Emergence of Invariances in
Physics: from “Substantial” Conservation to Formal Invariance -- Form and Actuality -- To Suspended Informal Time -- The Constructed Objectivity of Mathematics and the Cognitive Subject -- On Complexity
ISBN:9780306481444
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on the Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 129
Keywords: Physics , Computers , Artificial intelligence , System theory , Mathematical logic , Quantum physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Physics , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Mathematical Logic and Foundations , Systems Theory, Control , Theory of Computation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401596763:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Convergence of Scientific Knowledge A view from the limit
Author(s): Vincent F Hendricks
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (367 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-9676-3
Contents:1. Introduction -- I The Philosophy of Convergence -- 2. Knowledge, Method and Reliability -- 3. Knowledge and Skepticism -- 4. The Epistemology of Convergence -- II Modal Operator Theory -- 5. The Ontology of Convergence -- 6.
Science and Setup -- 7. Two Relations of Correctness -- 8. Methods and Methodology -- 9. Forcing -- 10.Definitions of Knowledge -- 11.Modal Formalization -- 12. Systems for Convergent Knowledge -- 13. Knowledge in Time -- 14.Forcing,
Convergence—and Method -- 15. Transmissibility -- III Convergence in Sum -- 16. Knowledge in the End -- Appendices -- List of Axioms, Propositions and Theorems -- Additional Proofs -- Resources -- D.1 Published Resources -- D.2
WWW-Resources -- Nomenclature -- References
ISBN:9789401596763
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library: 9
Keywords: Philosophy , Epistemology , Logic , Philosophy and science , Philosophy , Epistemology , Logic , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401140508:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Universe Visions and Perspectives
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (346 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4050-8
Contents:1 Observations and Theory -- 2 Ejection from Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies -- 3 Quantum Mechanics of Geometry -- 4 Quantum Mechanics and Retrocausality -- 5 Instantons for Black Hole Pair Production -- 6 The Origin of Helium and the
Other Light Elements -- 7 Superluminal Motion and Gravitational Lensing -- 8 Dual Spacetimes, Mach’s Principle and Topological Defect -- 9 Noncosmological Redshifts of Quasars -- 10 Extragalactic Fire-Works in Gamma-Rays -- 11
Instabilities in Optical Cavities of Laser Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors -- 12 The Epistemology of Cosmology -- 13 Mathematics and Science -- 14 Radiation Reaction in Electrodynamics and General Relativity -- 15
Gravitational Collapse: The Story So Far -- 16 Thoughts on Galactic Magnetism -- 17 The Black Hole in Mcg 6-30-15 -- 18 Inhomogeneous Cosmological Models and Symmetry -- 19 The Black Hole Information Paradox: What Have We Learnt from
String Theory? -- 20 The Counting of Radio Sources: A Personal Perspective -- 21 A Variational Principle for Time of Arrival of Null Geodesics -- 22 Conceptual Issues in Combining General Relativity and Quantum Theory -- 23 Open
Inflation in Higher Derivative Theory -- 24 The Non-Homogeneous and Hierarchical Universe -- 25 Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in General Spacetimes with Curvature and/or Torsion (U4) -- 26 A Fresh Look at the Singularity Problem --
27 Probing Beyond the Cosmic Horizon -- 28 The Kerr-Nut Metric Revisited -- 29 Black Holes in Cosmological Backgrounds -- 30 Elementary Particle Interactions and Noncommutative Geometry -- 31 From Interstellar Grains to Panspermia
ISBN:9789401140508
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 244
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Quantum physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Cosmology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461213086:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Conscious Universe Parts and Wholes in Physical Reality
Author(s): Menas Kafatos
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (183 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1308-6
Contents:1. Two Small Clouds: The Emergence of a New Physics -- 2. The Strange New World of the Quantum: Wave-Particle Dualism -- 3. Confronting a New Fact of Nature: Bell’s Theorem and the Aspect and Gisin Experiments -- 4. Changing the
Rules: A New Epistemology of Science -- 5. The Logic of Nature: Complementarity and the New Biology -- 6. Ancient Whispers: The Expanding Universe -- 7. The Emergence of a New Vision: The Unfolding Universe -- 8. Quantum Ontologies:
Metaphysics in Modern Physics -- 9. The Ceremony of Innocence: Physics, Metaphysics, and the Dialog between Science and Religion -- Appendix. Horizons of Knowledge in Cosmological Models -- Hypothesis of Large-Scale Complementarities
-- Quantum Resolution of Cosmological Measurement Problems -- Notes -- 1 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 5 -- 6 -- 7 -- 8 -- 9
ISBN:9781461213086
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Cosmology , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Cosmology , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789400708143:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Textbook of Belief Dynamics Solutions to exercises
Author(s): Sven Ove Hansson
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (65 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-007-0814-3
Contents:Solutions for Chapter 1+ -- Solutions for Chapter 2+ -- Solutions for Chapter 3+ -- Solutions for Chapter 4+ -- Solutions for Chapter 5+
ISBN:9789400708143
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Applied Logic Series: 11/2
Keywords: Philosophy , Epistemology , Logic , Artificial intelligence , Philosophy , Logic , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Epistemology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9789401157124:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability, Dynamics and Causality Essays in Honour of Richard C. Jeffrey
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-5712-4
Contents:Are there Still Things to Do in Bayesian Statistics? -- De Finetti’s Reconstruction of the Bayes-Laplace Paradigm -- On the Notion of Second-Order Exchangeability -- Bayesian Rules of Updating -- “Mises Redux” — Redux: Fifteen
Arguments Against Finite Frequentism -- Analogy and Exchangeability in Predictive Inferences -- Probabilism and Beyond -- Confirming Universal Generalizations -- The Structure of Radical Probabilism -- Common Reasoning about
Admissibility -- Unknown Probabilities: In Memory of Annemarie Anrod Shimony (1928–1995) -- A Bayesian Examination of Time-Symmetry in the Process of Measurement -- Quantum Dynamical Reduction and Reality: Replacing Probability
Densities with Densities in Real Space -- Test of the Violation of Local Realism in Quantum Mechanics with No Use of Bell’s Inequalities -- Naive Realism about Operators -- Predictive Laws of Association in Statistics and Physics
ISBN:9789401157124
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Epistemology , Philosophy and science , Probabilities , Quantum physics , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics, general , Philosophy of Science , Quantum Physics , Epistemology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461219569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Genesis of Simulation in Dynamics Pursuing the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam Problem
Author(s): Thomas P Weissert
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (176 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1956-9
Contents:I: History -- 1. The FPU Model and Simulation: “A Little Discovery” -- 2. The FPU Research Program: Echoes on a String -- 3. The Kolmogorov—Arnold—Moser Theorem: “Here Comes the Surprise” -- 4. Research Threads Come Together: Harmonic
Convergence -- II: Philosophy -- 5. Steps to an Epistemology of Simulation -- Append -- A. Hamiltonian Dynamics: Language of Abstraction -- A.1. Topology and Phase-Space Trajectories -- A.2. Canonical Transformations -- A.3.
Transforming the Unperturbed String -- A.4. Cyclic Coordinates -- A.5. Liouville Integrability -- A.6. The Action-Angle Variables -- A.7. Dynamics on a Torus -- A.8. Commensurability: Two Types of Motion -- A.9. Digital Representation
-- A.10.Physical Reality and the Continuum -- A.11.Perturbing the String -- References
ISBN:9781461219569
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401728720:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reflections on Spacetime Foundations, Philosophy, History
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (165 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-2872-0
Contents:Outlawing Time Machines: Chronology Protection Theorems -- A New Semantics for the Epistemology of Geometry. I: Modeling Spacetime Structure -- A New Semantics for the Epistemology of Geometry. II: Epistemological Completeness of
Newton—Galilei and Einstein—Maxwell Theory -- A Minimal Interpretation of General Relativistic Spacetime Geometry -- Science without Reference? -- Did Einstein Stumble? The Debate over General Covariance -- Carnap and Weyl on the
Foundations of Geometry and Relativity Theory -- Geometry, Intuition and Experience: From Kant to Husserl
ISBN:9789401728720
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , History , Philosophy and science , Geometry , Gravitation , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , History of Science , Geometry , Philosophy of Science , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401585293:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (380 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-8529-3
Contents:1. The Subject of Our Discussions -- 2. Measurement of the Schrödinger Wave of a Single Particle -- 3. The Emergence of Classical Properties From Quantum Mechanics: New Problems From Old -- 4. Deformations of Space-Time Symmetries and
Fundamental Scales -- 5. Aspects of Quantum Reality -- 6. Kochen-Specker Diagram of the Peres-Mermin Example -- 7. Zeropoint Waves and Quantum Particles -- 8. Results of Atom Interferometry Experiments with Potassium -- 9. On the
Uncertainty Relations -- 10. Continuously Diagonalized Density Operator of Open Systems -- 11. The Hazy Spacetime of the Károlyházy Model of Quantum Mechanics -- 12. Can the Experiments Based on Parametric-Down Conversion Disprove
Einstein Locality? -- 13. Quantum-Mechanical Histories and the Uncertainty Principle -- 14. Experiments with Coherent Electron Wave Packets -- 15. The Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory Applied in a Cosmological Context
-- 16. State Vector Reduction via Spacetime Imprecision -- 17. Analyses of Classical and Thermodynamic limits of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Measurements on the Basis of Nonstandard Analysis -- 18. A Realistic Interpretation of
Lattice Gauge Theories -- 19. Is there a Bridge Connecting Stochastic and Quantum Electrodynamics? -- 20. Action-Angle Variables Inherent in Quantum Dynamics -- 21. A Philosopher Struggles to Understand Quantum Theory: Particle
Creation and Wavepacket Reduction -- 22. Consistent Histories and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- 23. Is Quantum Mechanics a Limit Cycle Theory? -- 24. Realization and Characterization of Quantum Nondemolition Measurements
in Optics -- 25. Fuzzy Sets and Infinite-Valued Lukasiewicz ?ogic in Foundations of Quantum Mechanics -- 26. A Model of Topological Quantization of the Electromagnetic Field -- 27. Postselection and Squeezing in Neutron Interferometry
and EPR-Experiments -- 28. Macroscopic Decoherence and Classical Stochastic Gravity -- 29. Dynamics and Measurement of the Absolute Phase in Macroscopic Quantum Systems -- 30. Realistic Quantum Theory and Relativity -- 31. On the
Empirical Law of Epistemology: Physics as an Artifact of Mathematics -- 32. Search of a First Principle for Quantum Physics -- 33. Decoherence in an Isolated Macroscopic Quantum System: A Parameter-Free Model Involving Gravity -- 34.
Nonlocal Measurements and Teleportation of Quantum States -- 35. Quantum Noise in Optical Photon Detectors -- 36. Extensions of Bell Theorem: Experiment Involving Independent Sources in “Event-Ready” Configuration -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401585293
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 73
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Quantum physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atoms , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Philosophy, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401100298:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics — Historical Analysis and Open Questions Lecce, 1993
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (452 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0029-8
Contents:On the Axioms of Probability -- Three Quantum Theories of Measurement -- Characterization and Deduction of Bell-Type Inequalities -- The Search for a Quantum Reality -- Macrorealism, Non-Invasivity and Quantum Mechanics -- Planck’s
Theory (1898-1906) and the Birth of Quantum Physics -- An Analogue of the Tunnel Effect in Classical Electrodynamics -- A Note on Light Dispersion Formula and the Development of Modern Physics -- Quantum Mechanics, Objects and
Objectivity -- Toward a Logic of Unsharp Quantum Mechanics -- Interpretative Remarks in Quantum Mechanics -- Kuhn’s Interpretation of Bolzmann’s Statistical Heredity in Planck -- Macroscopic Quantum Coherence as a Test of Quantum
Mechanics -- Exchangeability and Invariance: Classical Aspects of Quantum Correlation -- Einstein’s Life-Long Doubts on the Physical Foundations of the General Relativity and Unified Field Theories -- Physical Interpretations of the
Lukasiewicz Quantum Logical Connectives -- Relativistic Quantum Mechanics and Path Integral for Klein-Gordon Equation -- Ontological Determinateness in Quantum Mechanics and Special Relativity -- Dualism and Incompleteness of Quantum
Mechanics. Towards New Consistent Theories -- Quantum Mechanics Reformulated by Means of Symmetries -- A Priori Schemes in Quantum Mechanics -- Among Quantum Mechanics, Wave Optics, and Charged-Particle Beam Transport: Toward a
Possible Unified Formal Description -- Questioning Nonlocality: an Operational Critique to Bell’s Theorem -- Bell’s Inequality for Trichotomic Observables -- Quantum Mechanics and Nonlocality — The EPR Argument Reconsidered -- Some
Remarks on Non-Separability -- Unsharp Orthoalgebras and Quantum MV Algebras -- to Nelson Stochastic Mechanics as a Model for Quantum Mechanics -- The Fermi-Dirac Statistics: a Simultaneous Discovery -- Are There Sub-Quantum
Trajectories? The Bohmian Interpretation of Quantum Theory -- Algebraic Structures and Observations: Quantales for a Noncommutative Logic — Theoretic Approach to Quantum Mechanics -- Hermeneutics as a Conceptual Model for an
Ontological Evaluation of Quantum Theory -- Random Path Quantization -- The Loss of Individuality form Classical to Quantum Physics -- The Mysteries of Quantum Theory: an Introductory Talk -- On the Different Forms of Quantum
Acausality
ISBN:9789401100298
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 71
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Mathematical logic , Probabilities , Quantum physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Epistemology , Mathematical Logic and Foundations , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642783746:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Philosophical Reflections and Syntheses
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (631 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-78374-6
Contents:Philosophical Reflections and Syntheses -- I Epistemology of Quantum Mechanics -- Discussion: Comments on Professor Putnam’s Comments -- Two Kinds of Reality -- Epistemology of Quantum Mechanics -- Epistemological Perspective on
Quantum Theory -- Reality and Quantum Mechanics / Realität and Quantenmechanik -- Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- The Limitations of Determinism -- The Nonrelativistic Nature of the Present Quantum Mechanical Measurement Theory
-- II Quantum-Mechanical Measuring Process -- The Measurement of Quantum-Mechanical Operators / Die Messung quantenmechanischer Operatoren -- Theory of Quantum-Mechanical Measurement / Theorie der quantenmechanischen Messung -- The
Problem of Measurement -- Some Comments Concerning Measurements in Quantum Mechanics -- On the Change of the Skew Information in the Process of Quantum-Mechanical Measurements -- The Subject of Our Discussions -- The Philosophical
Problem -- Questions of Physical Theory -- On Bub’s Misunderstanding of Bell’s Locality Argument -- Review of the Quantum-Mechanical Measurement Problem -- III Consciousness -- Remarks on the Mind-Body Question -- The Place of
Consciousness in Modern Physics -- New Dimensions of Consciousness -- The Existence of Consciousness -- IV Symmetries -- Invariance in Physical Theory -- On the Law of Conservation of Heavy Particles -- Symmetry and Conservation Laws
-- The Role of Invariance Principles in Natural Philosophy -- Events, Laws of Nature, and Invariance Principles (Nobel address) -- Events, Laws of Nature, and Invariance Principles -- Violations of Symmetry in Physics -- Symmetry
Principles in Old and New Physics -- Symmetry in Nature -- V Relativity -- Relativistic Invariance and Quantum Phenomena -- Relativistic Equations in Quantum Mechanics -- VI Nuclear Physics -- On the Development of the Compound Nucleus
Model -- Summary of the Conference (Properties of Nuclear States, Montreal 1969) -- Summary of the Conference (Polarization Phenomena, Madison 1971) -- Introductory Talk (Statistical Properties of Nuclei) -- Concluding Remarks
(Symmetry Properties of Nuclei, Solvay Conference 1970) -- VII Broader Philosophical Essays -- The Limits of Science -- The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences -- The Growth of Science — Its Promise and
Its Dangers -- Physics and the Explanation of Life -- On Some of Physics’ Problems -- Physics and Its Relation to Human Knowledge -- The Problems, Future and Limits of Science -- The Extension of the Area of Science -- The Glorious
Days of Physics -- Some Problems of Our Natural Sciences
ISBN:9783642783746
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner, Part B Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers : B / 6
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Mathematics , Physics , Physics, general , Philosophy, general , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783662029947:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Writings on Physics and Philosophy
Author(s): Wolfgang Pauli
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (290 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-02994-7
Contents:Robert Schlapp (1899–1991) By Nicholas Kemmer -- Wolfgang Pauli (1900–1958): A Biographical Introduction. By Charles P Enz -- 1 Matter -- 2 The Philosophical Significance of the Idea of Complementarity -- 3 Probability and Physics --
4 Niels Bohr on His 60th Birthday -- 5 Sommerfeld’s Contributions to Quantum Theory -- 6 Arnold Sommerfeld † -- 7 Rydberg and the Periodic System of the Elements -- 8 Paul Ehrenfest † -- 9 Einstein’s Contribution to Quantum Theory --
10 Space, Time and Causality in Modern Physics -- 11 The Theory of Relativity and Science -- 12 Impressions of Albert Einstein -- 13 Albert Einstein and the Development of Physics -- 14 Theory and Experiment -- 15 Phenomenon and
Physical Reality -- 16 Science and Western Thought -- 17 Ideas of the Unconscious from the Standpoint of Natural Science and Epistemology -- 18 Exclusion Principle and Quantum Mechanics -- 19 The Violation of Reflection Symmetries in
the Laws of Atomic Physics -- 20 On the Earlier and More Recent History of the Neutrino -- 21 The Influence of Archetypal Ideas on the Scientific Theories of Kepler -- Name Index
ISBN:9783662029947
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum physics , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Quantum Physics , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642789786:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Philosophy Behind Physics
Author(s): Thomas A Brody
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (355 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-78978-6
Contents:I. The Philosophy of Physics -- 1. The Active Epistemology -- 2. Higher-Level Epistemic Cycles -- 3. Systems and Experiments -- 4. The Structure of Theories -- 5. Induction and the Scope of Theories -- 6. The Incommensurability of
Theories -- 7. A Minimal Ontology for Scientific Research -- 8. The Determinisms of Physics -- II. The Theory of Probability -- 9. The Nature of Probability -- 10. The Ensemble Interpretation of Probability -- 11. The Philosophy of
Ensemble Probability -- 12. On Errors and Approximations -- III. The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics -- 13. Problems and Promises of the Ensemble Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- 14. Probability and the Way Out of the Great
Quantum Muddle -- 15. Are Hidden Variables Possible? -- 16. The Bell Inequality I: Joint Measurability -- 17. The Bell Inequality II: Locality -- 18. The Irrelevance of the Bell Inequality -- 19. Measurement and State Representation --
20. On Quantum Logic -- 21. Resistance to Change in the Sciences: The Case of Quantum Mechanics -- IV. General -- 22. Epistemological Implications of Artificial Intelligence -- 23. Artificial Intelligence: Possibilities and Realities,
Hopes and Dangers -- 24. Philosophy and Physicists -- 25. The Axiomatic Approach in Physics -- List of Publications of T.A. Brody -- Name Index
ISBN:9783642789786
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Popular works , Physics , Physics, general , Popular Science, general , Philosophy, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642847813:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution of Dynamical Structures in Complex Systems Proceedings of the International Symposium Stuttgart, July 16–17, 1992
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (137 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-84781-3
Contents:I General Approaches -- On the Principles of Synergetics -- Elements of a Synergetics of Evolutionary Processes -- Nonequilibrium Potentials -- II Lasers and Nonlinear Optics -- Spatio-Temporal Instabilities in Nonlinear Optical
Systems -- The Laser with a Saturable Absorber: A Paradigm for the Study of Laser Instabilities -- Dislocations in Laser Fields -- On the Role of Noise in Nonlinear Optics -- III Fluid Dynamics and Solid State Physics -- Pattern
Formation in Fluids — Variational and Non-Variational Models -- Dynamic Theory of Planetary Magnetism and Laboratory Experiments -- Influence of Colored Noise on Energy Transport and Optical Line Shapes in Dimers -- IV Biology and
Medicine -- Coordination Dynamics of Human Brain and Behavior -- Brain Electric Fields and Brain Functional States -- Synergetic Analysis of Human Electroencephalograms: Petit-Mal Epilepsy -- Synergetics, Resonance Phenomena and Brain
Internal Codes -- Synergetics, Self-Simplification, and the Ability to Undo -- V Artificial Intelligence and Synergetic Computers -- Artificial Life: An Engineering Perspective -- Path Finding with a Network of Oscillators --
Synergetic Approach to Phenomena of Perception in Natural and Artificial Systems -- VI Psychology and Social Sciences -- Application of Synergetics to Psychology -- Organization and Self-Organization -- VII Epistemology -- Schelling’s
Concept of Self-Organization -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642847813
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 69
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783540470588:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:1830–1930: A Century of Geometry Epistemology, History and Mathematics
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (304 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-55408-4
Contents:The birth of non-Euclidean geometry -- Riemann's vision of a new approach to geometry -- Poincaré and Klein — groups and geometries -- Klein, Lie, and the “Erlanger programm” -- Apparent contours from Monge to Todd -- L'Espace :
Concept abstrait et/ou physique la géométrie entre formalisation mathématique et etude de la nature -- Geometrie und Erfahrung -- The geometric challenge of Riemann and Clifford -- Poincaré et Enriques : deux points de vue différents
sur les relations entre géométrie, mécanique et physique -- Physical geometry and special relativity. Einstein et Poincaré -- Transport parallèle et connexions en Géométrie et en Physique -- De la Géométrie Formelle à l'Algèbre
Abstraite -- Le Principe de Dualité : sa Signification Historique et Epistémologique -- The formal and the transcendental in mathematics -- Un Panorama des Mathématiques -- Mathematical progress as synthesis of intuition and calculus
-- What is space? -- La “lineale ausdehnungslehre” (1844) de Hermann Günther Grassmann -- La capture de l'extension comme dialectique géométrique : Dimension et puissance selon l'ausdehnung de Grassmann (1844) -- Helmholtz and
Poincaré's considerations on the genesis of geometry -- Le continu contre l'espace -- Geometrical concepts in quantum physics -- Physics and differential geometry -- Actuality of transcendental æsthetics for modern physics
ISBN:9783540470588
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 402
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Geometry , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Geometry , Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468403602:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Conscious Universe Part and Whole in Modern Physical Theory
Author(s): Menas Kafatos
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (214 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-0360-2
Contents:1 Leaving the Realm of the Visualizable: Waves, Quanta, and the Rise of Quantum Theory -- 2 The Strange New World of the Quantum -- 3 Bell’s Theorem and the Aspect Experiments: Coming to Terms with Quantum Non-local Reality -- 4
Changing the Rules: The New Epistemology of Science -- 5 Searching for the Ground: Mutation, Mind, and the Epistemology of Science -- 6 Science and the Quest for a New Metaphysics -- 7 The Road Untraveled: Enlarging the New Logical
Framework of Complementarity -- 8 The Emergence of a New Vision: The Unfolding Universe -- 9 The Ceremony of Innocence: Science and Ethics -- Notes
ISBN:9781468403602
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400911758:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Concept of Probability Proceedings of the Delphi Conference, October 1987, Delphi, Greece
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (449 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-1175-8
Contents:Following SchrÖdinger’s Thoughts -- Letter from SchrÖdinger to Einstein, 18 November 1950 -- SchrÖdinger’s thoughts on perfect knowledge -- Concerning SchrÖdinger’s question: is Democritus of Planck the founder of quantum theory? --
SchrÖdinger’s reception of Greek atomism -- Probability and Quantum Mechanics -- Probability theory in quantum mechanics -- Measurement and amplitudes -- Representations of quantum logics and transition probability spaces --
Probability in quantum mechanics -- Aspects of the Arguments on Nonlocality, Bell’s Theorem and EPR Correlations -- Bell’s theorem: a counterexample that agrees with the quantum formalism -- Quantum probability and quantum potential
approach to quantum mechanics -- Time and enhancement: two possible local explanations for the EPR puzzle -- On Bell-type inequalities in quantum logics -- Physical meaning of the performed experiments concerning the EPR paradox --
Comments on the “uncontrollable” character of non-locality -- Real or Gedanken Experiments and their Interpretation -- Some basic differences between the Copenhagen and de Broglie interpretation of quantum mechanics leading to
practical experiments -- Search for new tests of the EPR paradox from elementary particle physics -- On the role of consciousness in random physical processes -- Recent experiments in the foundations of quantum mechanics -- Numerical
simulations of reduction of wavepackets -- Description of experiments in physics: a dynamical approach -- The physical quantities in the radndom data of neutron interferometry -- Questions About Irreversibility and Stochasticity --
Intrinsic irreversibility in classical and quantum mechanics -- A new challenge for statistical mechanics -- Quantum stochastic calculus as a unifying force in physics and probability -- On the search of the time operator since
SchrÖdinger -- Stochastic optics: a wave theory of light based on classical probabilities -- Quasiprobability distributions in quantum optics -- Stochastic-dynamical approach to quantum mechanics -- Epistemology, Interpretation And
Conjecture -- Relativity and probability, classical and quantal -- Classical and quantum probabilities -- The ensemble interpretation of probability -- Qm axiom representations with imaginary and transfinite numbers and exponentials --
A change in paradigm: a realistic Copenhagen interpretation (realism without hidden variables) -- Pythia and Tyche: an eternal golden braid -- Quanta of action and probability -- Comments on Popper’s interpretations of probability --
Van Fraassen’s constructive empiricism and the concept of probability -- Unification of the concepts of quantum ensembles and potential possibilities
ISBN:9789400911758
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 24
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Probabilities , Quantum physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Physics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400952454:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Open Questions in Quantum Physics Invited Papers on the Foundations of Microphysics
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (428 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5245-4
Contents:1. Quantum Mechanics, Reality and Separability: Physical Developments of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument -- Realism in Quantum Mechanics and a New Version of the EPR Experiment -- Discussion: M. Cini, F. De Martini, K. Kraus,
T.W. Marshall, K.R. Popper, H. Rauch, M.C. Robinson, F. Selleri, J. Six, G. Tarozzi, J.-P. Vigier. -- The Physical Origin of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox -- Does the Bell Inequality Hold for All Local Theories? -- Is it Possible
to Save Causality and Locality in Quantum Mechanics? -- Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Experiments and Macroscopic Locality -- On the Compatibility of Local Realism with Atomic Cascade Experiments -- Is the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox
Demanded by Quantum Mechanics? -- Infinite Wave Resolution of the EPR Paradox -- On Non Local Influences -- Einstein Locality for Individual Systems and for Statistical Ensembles -- Can Nondetected Photons Simulate Nonlocal Effects in
Two-Photon Polarization Correlation Experiments? -- 2. The Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Processes -- Quantum Theory of Measurement without Wave Packet Collapse -- A Causal Fluidodynamical Model for the Relativistic Quantum
Mechanics -- On the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation -- Recent Developments in de Broglie Nonlinear Wave Mechanics -- The Role of the Quantum Potential in Determining Particle Trajectories and the Resolution of the Measurement Problem --
When is Statistical Theory Causal? -- Radiation Damping and Nonlinearity in the Pilot Wave Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- Stochastic Electrodynamics and the Bell Inequalities -- Nonlocal Quantum-Potential Interpretation of
Relativistic Actions at a Distance in Many-Body Problems -- 3. The Realistic Interpretation of the Wave Function: Experimental Tests on the Wave-Particle Dualism -- Third Kind Measurements and Wave-Particle Dualism -- Quantum Effects
in the Interference of Light -- Tests of Quantum Mechanics by Neutron Interferometry -- A Unified Experiment for Testing both the Interpretation and the Reduction Postulate of the Quantum Mechanical Wave Function -- Epilogue --
Evolutionary Epistemology
ISBN:9789400952454
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, A New International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 10
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783642695407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics — From Microscopic to Macroscopic Order Proceedings of the International Symposium on Synergetics at Berlin, July 4–8, 1983
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (262 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-69540-7
Contents:Some Introductory Remarks on Synergetics -- I Order, Chaos, Indeterminancies -- Time Pattern Transitions in Biochemical Processes -- Chaotic Behaviours Observed in Homogeneous Chemical Systems -- Wave-Number Selection in Rotating
Couette-Taylor Flow -- Periodic and Chaotic Patterns in Selected Quantum Optical Systems -- Chaos in Lasers -- The Falling Pencil and Superfluorescence: Macroscopic Indeterminacies After the Decay of Unstable Equilibria -- II Ordered
Structures and Processes in Biomembranes -- On the Formation of Transient Order in Biological Membranes -- Generalized Moment Description of Brownian Dynamics in Biological Systems -- Nonequilibrium Current Noise Generated by Ordered
Ion Transport Processes in Biological Membranes -- The Molecular Machine of Photosynthesis-Physico-Chemical Aspects -- III Evolution of Structures -- Polynucleotide Replication and Biological Evolution -- The Evolution Strategy. A
Mathematical Model of Darwinian Evolution -- Multigene Families and their Implications for Evolutionary Theory -- Evolution of Biothermodynamic Systems -- Self-Organising Dynamic Models of Human Systems -- IV Social Sciences -- Some
Applications of Basic Ideas and Models of Synergetics to Sociology -- A Synergetic Approach to Energy-Oriented Models of Socio-Economic- Technological Problems -- New Synergisms in Socio-Economic Systems: More Questions than Answers --
On the Entropy of Economic Systems -- V Complex Systems -- Death - From Microscopic to Macroscopic Disorder -- Local Synaptic Modification Can Lead to Organized Connectivity Patterns in Associative Memory -- The Organization of Action
in Time -- New Problems for an Old Brain - Synergetics, Cognition and Evolutionary Epistemology -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642695407
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 22
Keywords: Physics , Chemometrics , Biochemistry , Computational intelligence , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Computational Intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-1979-9781461299707:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:German-Jewish Pioneers in Science 1900–1933 Highlights in Atomic Physics, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Author(s): David Nachmansohn
Date:1979
Size:1 online resource (392 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-9970-7
Contents:I. Historical Background -- A. The Rise of Science in Germany -- B. Entrance of Jews into German Science -- II. Atomic Physics in the Early Twentieth Century -- A. Developments in Physics in the Late Nineteenth Century -- B. The
Period Before World War I -- C. The Twenties -- D. The Lives of Franck and Born Gustav Hertz -- E. Effects on Philosophy and Epistemology -- F. The Effects on Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Other Fields -- G. The Late Nineteen-Twenties
Rise of the Nazi Movement -- H. Nuclear Fission -- I. Nuclear Energy and the Atom Bomb -- III. Developments in Chemistry and Physiology in the Nineteenth Century -- A. Chemistry -- B. Physiology -- IV. Chemistry and Biochemistry in the
Early 20th Century. The Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes in Berlin-Dahlem -- A. Fritz Haber (1868–1934) -- B. Richard Willstätter (1872–1942) -- C. Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883–1970) -- D. Otto Meyerhof (1884–1951) -- E. Carl Neuberg
(1877–1956) -- F. Gustav Embden (1874–1933) -- G. General Growth of German Biochemistry -- H. Reflections on the Roots and Fruits of the Collaboration between German and Jewish Scientists -- V. Worldwide Effects on Biochemistry Due to
Nazi Persecution -- A. Hans A. Krebs (1900- ) -- B. Severo Ochoa (1905- ) -- G. Rudolf Schoenheimer (1898–1941) -- D. Ernst B. Chain (1906- ) -- E. Collaboration between German and Israeli Scientists -- Concluding Remarks: Science and
Society -- References
ISBN:9781461299707
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Medicine , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Medicine/Public Health, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642930898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometrical Probability and Biological Structures: Buffon’s 200th Anniversary Proceedings of the Buffon Bicentenary Symposium on Geometrical Probability, Image Analysis, Mathematical Stereology, and Their Relevance to the Determination of Biological Structures, Held in Paris, June 1977
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (340 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93089-8
Contents:Opening Speech -- Discours inauguratif -- Historical -- En matière d’introduction -- Buffon and mathematics -- Geometrical Probability (Applied) -- The stereological analysis of two-phase particles -- On the distance between points in
polygons -- Biological Problems -- Analyse d’une population de cellules sphériques -- Etude morphologique des fibres conjonctives sur biopsies ou pièces opératoires -- Stereological and topological analysis of cirrhotic livers as a
linkage of regenerative nodules multiply connected in the form of three-dimensional network -- Méthode d’étude des espaces intercellulaires de la granulosa des follicules ovariens de ratte adulte cyclique -- Mathematical Stereology --
Stereological uses of the area tangent count -- The importance of proper model specification in stereology -- Mathematical Morphology (General) -- “One, two, three,... infinity” -- The foundation of computational geometry: theory and
application of the point-lattice-concept within modern structure analysis -- Biological Problems II -- The non-statistical nature of biological structure and its implications on sampling for stereology -- The non-statistical nature of
biological structure and its implications in sampling for stereology of liver tissue -- Sampling problems in the kidney -- Clustering and layering of neurons in the central nervous system -- Geometrical Statistics -- Anisotropy and
distance from the centre probabilistic models and statistical analysis -- Characteristic statistical problems of stochastic geometry -- Epistemology -- The fractal geometry of trees and other natural phenomena -- Les érosions
infinitésimales, et les mesures de surface -- Geometrical Probability -- Needles and wedges as tools for integration -- Random processes of linear segments and graphs -- Statistics of stationary oriented poisson line processes in the
plane -- Mathematical Morphology (Applied) -- Automated cytology -- Random processes simulations on texture analyser -- Computation of the histograms of the number of edaes and neighbours of cells in a tessellation -- An indirect
method for counting particles in 3-d and 2-d spaces
ISBN:9783642930898
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 23
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9789401026024:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physicist’s Conception of Nature
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (839 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-2602-4
Contents:1 Development of the physicist’s conception of nature -- I Space, Time, and Geometry -- 2 The universe as a whole -- 3 A chapter in the astrophysicist’s view of the universe -- 4 Fundamental constants and their development in time --
5 The expanding earth -- 6 The nature and structure of spacetime -- 7 Einstein, Hilbert, and the theory of gravitation -- 8 Theory of gravitation -- 9 From relativity to mutability -- II Quantum Theory -- 10 The wave-particle dilemma
-- 11 Development of concepts in the history of quantum theory -- 12 From matrix mechanics and wave mechanics to unified quantum mechanics -- 13 Early years of quantum mechanics: some reminiscences -- 14 The mathematical structure of
elementary quantum mechanics -- 15 Relativistic equations in quantum mechanics -- 16 The electron: development of the first elementary particle theory -- 17 The development of quantum field theory -- 18 Quantum theory of fields (until
1947) -- 19 Development of quantum electrodynamics -- 20 A report on quantum electrodynamics -- 21 Progress in renormalization theory since 1949 -- 22 Some concepts in current elementary particle physics -- 23 Crucial experiments on
discrete symmetries -- 24 Superconductivity and superfluidity -- III Statistical Description of Nature -- 25 Problems of statistical physics -- 26 Phase transitions -- 27 Approach to thermodynamic equilibrium (and other stationary
states) -- 28 Kinetic approach to non-equilibrium phenomena -- 29 Time, irreversibility and structure -- 30 The origin of biological information -- IV Physical Description, Epistemology, and Philosophy -- 31 Classical and quantum
descriptions -- 32 Wavefunction and observer in the quantum theory -- 33 The problem of measurement in quantum mechanics -- 34 Subject and object -- 35 Subject, object, and measurement -- 36 Measurement process and the macroscopic
level of quantum mechanics -- 37 Why a new approach to found quantum theory? -- 38 A process conception of nature -- 39 Quantum logic and non-separability -- 40 Physics and philosophy -- V Memorial Lectures -- 41 Recollections of Lord
Rutherford -- 42 W. Pauli’s scientific work -- 43 Remarks on Enrico Fermi -- VI Celebration of P.A.M. Dirac’s 70th Birthday -- 44 The banquet of the symposium — in honour of Paul Dirac, including an address on: The classical mind --
Appendix 1 Programme of the symposium -- Appendix 2 Participants -- Index of names
ISBN:9789401026024
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:Q175.55.C85::2017 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cultures without culturalism : the making of scientific knowledge
Author(s): Karine (ed.) Chemla
Evelyn Fox (ed.) Keller
Date:2017
Publisher:Durham : Duke University Press
Size:410 p
Contents:On invoking culture in the analysis of behavior in financial markets -- Cultural difference and sameness -- The cultural politics of an African AIDS vaccine -- Worrying about essentialism -- Hybrid devices -- Glass ceilings and sticky floors -- Modes of exchange -- Styles in mathematical practice -- Historicizing culture -- From quarry to paper -- Cultures of experimentation -- The people's ware against earthquakes -- E uno plures? -- Changing mathematical cultures, conceptual history, and the circulation of knowledge
ISBN:9780822363729
Keywords: Science , Culture , Social epistemology
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Call number:Q175.B738::1996 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Boundaries and barriers On the limits to scientific knowledge
Author(s): J.L. Casti
Anders Karlqvist
Date:1996
Publisher:Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley
Contents:Introduction - John L. Casti and Anders Karlqvist -- Ch. 1. Limits of Science - John D. Barrow -- Ch. 2. The Outer Limits: In Search of the Unknowable in Science - John L. Casti -- Ch. 3. Variations on an Original Theme - N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Ch. 4. The Barrier of Objects: From Dynamical Systems to Bounded Organizations - Walter Fontana and Leo W. Buss -- Ch. 5. Scientific Knowledge from the Perspective of Quantum Cosmology -James B. Hartle -- Ch. 6. Structuring Reality: The Role of Limits - Piet Hut -- Ch. 7. Complexity and Epistemology - Harold J. Morowitz -- Ch. 8. On the Limitations of Scientific Knowledge - Robert Rosen -- Ch. 9. Undecidability Everywhere? - Karl Svozil -- Ch. 10. On Reality and Models - Joseph F. Traub.
ISBN:9780201555707
Keywords: Science Philosophy.
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Call number:QC6.O55::1999 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Philosophy [Philosophie de la Science Contemporaine]
Author(s): Roland Omnes
Translated by Arturo Sangalli
Date:1999
Publisher:Princeton, N.J. : Princeton U. Press
Size:296 pgs.
Contents:Pt. 1: The Legacy, Ch. I Classical Logic, Ch. II Classical Physics, Ch. III Classical Mathematics, Ch. IV Classical Philosophy of Knowledge, Pt. 2: The Fracture, Ch. V Formal Mathematics, Ch. VI The Philosophy of Mathematics, Ch. VII Formal Physics, Ch. VIII The Epistemology of Physics, Pt. 3 From Formal Back to Visual: The Quantum Case, Ch. IX Between Logic and Physics, Ch. X Rediscovering Common Sense, Ch. XI From the Measurable to the Unmeasurable, Ch. XII On Realism, Pt. 4 State of the Question and Perspectives, Ch. XIII A New Beginning, Ch. XIV What Is Science?, Ch. XV Method, Ch. XVI Vanishing Perspectives
ISBN:0691027870
Keywords: Physics - Philosophy , Science - Philosophy , Quantum Theory
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Call number:QC174.12.M474 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The quantum principle : its interpretation and epistemology
Author(s): Jagdish Mehra
Date:1974
Publisher:D. Reidel, Dordrecht
Size:132 pgs.
Contents:1. Introduction, 2. The Copenhagen Interpretation, 3. Formal Problems of the Quantum Mechanical Scheme, 4. Theory of Measurement and the Equation of Motion, 5. Transition to the Macroscopic World, 6. Hidden Variables, 7. The Notion of Reality and the Epistemology of Quantum Mechanics, 8. Quantum Mechanics and the Explanation of Life
ISBN:9027704694
Keywords: Quantum theory.
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Image This book is only available through interlibrary loan. (email library@fnal.gov if you would like this title added to the Library collection.)
Call number:ILL191390972 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Social Epistemology of Research Groups: Collaboration in Scientific Practice
Author(s): Susann Wagenknecht
Date:2016
Publisher:Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN:9781137524096
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Location: ILL

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