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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/9962.19 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword evolutionary biology ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319444567:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:What We Know About Extraterrestrial Intelligence Foundations of Xenology
Author(s): Michael Ashkenazi
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVIII, 430 p p.)
Contents:Introduction and objectives -- Space in the background -- The physical parameters of ilfs -- The evolutionary parameters on ilfs -- Defining alternative modes of intelligence -- Language and symbols -- The cultural parameters of ilfs
-- Et civilizations -- The classification and analysis of et civilizations and cultures -- Issues in contacting eti: when the phoenicians come trading -- Interaction and intellectual exchange -- The consequences of contact --
Conclusions: conversations with eti and the issue of culture
ISBN:9783319444567
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Evolutionary biology , Astrobiology , Anthropology , Physics , Astrobiology , Anthropology , Evolutionary Biology , Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astron
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Call number:9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.)
Contents:Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre­-Philosophical Period by Michael
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan --
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C.
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems:
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. <
ISBN:9783319444185
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319412139:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Statistical Physics of Fixation and Equilibration in Individual-Based Models
Author(s): Peter Ashcroft
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (13 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-41213-9
Contents:Introduction -- Technical Background -- Finite Populations in Switching Environments -- Fixation Time Distribution -- Metastable States in Cancer Initiation -- The WKB Method: A User-guide -- Conclusions
ISBN:9783319412139
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Cancer research , Bioinformatics , Game theory , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Bioinformatics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Cancer Research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319288932:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data-driven Modelling of Structured Populations A Practical Guide to the Integral Projection Model
Author(s): Stephen P Ellner
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (29 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28893-2
Contents:Introduction -- Simple Deterministic IPM -- Basic Analysis 1: Demographic Measures and Events in the Life Cycle -- Basic Analysis 2: Prospective Perturbation Analysis -- Density Dependence -- General Deterministic IPM -- Environmental Stochasticity -- Spatial Models -- Evolutionary Demography -- Future Directions and Advanced Topics
ISBN:9783319288932
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319280288:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (42 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28028-8
Contents:Controlling chimera patterns in networks: Interplay of structure, noise, and delay -- Emergence of clusters of locked and whirling oscillators in the Kuramoto model with Inertia -- Control of synchronization in delay-coupled networks
-- Controlling oscillations in nonlinear systems with delayed output feedback -- Global effects of delayed feedback control applied to the Lorenz system -- Spatio-temporal patterns: observation, control, and design -- On the interplay
of noise and delay in coupled oscillators -- Noisy dynamical systems with time delay: some basic analytical perturbation schemes with applications -- Study on critical conditions and transient behaviors in noise-induced bifurcation --
Analytical, optimal and sparse optimal control of the FitzHugh-Nagumo and Schlögl model -- Recent advances in reaction-diffusion equations with non-ideal relays -- Deriving effective models for multiscale systems via evolutionary Gamma
convergence -- Moment closure - A brief review -- Feedback control in quantum transport -- Controlling the stability of steady states in continuous variable quantum systems -- Quantum signatures of chimera states -- Controlled
switching between time-periodic square-waves in photonic devices -- Exploiting multistabilities to achieve stable chimera states in all-to-all coupled laser networks -- Feedback control of colloidal transport -- Swarming of
self-propelled particles on the surface of a dewetting liquid film -- Time-delayed feedback control of spatio-temporal self-organized patterns in dissipative systems -- Control of epidemics on hospital network -- Intrinsic control
mechanisms of neuronal network dynamics -- Oscillations and intrinsic uctuations in evolutionary dynamics: how payoffs, dynamics and population sizes control the stability, and implementation of global feedback
ISBN:9783319280288
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , System theory , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Systems biology , Biological systems , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Biological Networks, Systems Biology , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Complex Systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9780817683559:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Dynamic Games [electronic resource] : Theory, Applications, and Numerical Methods for Differential and Stochastic Games
Author(s): Pierre Cardaliaguet
Ross Cressman
Date:2013
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book focuses on various aspects of dynamic game theory, presenting state-of-the-art research and serving as a testament to the vitality and growth of the field of dynamic games and their applications. Its contributions,written by experts in thei r respective disciplines, are outgrowths of presentations originally given at the 14th International Symposium of Dynamic Games and Applications held in Banff. Advances in Dynamic Games covers a variety oftopics, ranging from evolutionary games, theoretic al developments in game theory and algorithmic methods to applications, examples, and analysis in fields as varied as mathematical biology, environmental management, finance andeconomics, engineering, guidance and control, and social interaction. Featured throughout are valuable tools and resources for researchers, practitioners, and graduate students interested in dynamic games and their applications tomathematics, engineering, economics, and management science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Evolutionary Games
1 Some Generalizations of a Mutual Mate Choice Problem with Age Preferences
2 Signalling Victory to Ensure Dominance: A Continuous Model
3 Evolutionary Games for Multiple Access Control
4 Join Forces or Cheat: Evolutionary Analysis of a Consumer
Resource System
Part II Dynamic and Differential Games: Theoretical Developments
5 Strong Strategic Support of Cooperative Solutions in Differential Games
6 Characterization of Feedback Nash Equilibrium for Differential Games
7 Nash Equilibrium Payoffs in Mixed Strategies
8 A Penalty Method Approach
ISBN:9780817683559
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Annals of the International Society of Dynamic Games : v12
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Numerical analysis , Engineering mathematics , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642303937:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Dual Nature of Life [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gennadiy Zhegunov
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642303937
Series:The Frontiers Collection
Series:e-books
Keywords: Evolutionary Biology , Popular Science, general , Cell Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642301162:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolutionary Games in Complex Topologies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Julia Poncela Casasnovas
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642301162
Series:Springer Theses
Series:e-books
Keywords: Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Systems Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642225512:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life [electronic resource]
Author(s): Muriel Gargaud
HervMartin
Purificaci Lez-Garc
Thierry Montmerle
Robert Pascal
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Undergraduate textbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642225512
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astrobiology , Biogeosciences , Evolutionary Biology , Planetology , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461417439:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of Phylogenetics and Evolution with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Emmanuel Paradis
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The increasing availability of molecular and genetic databases coupled with the growing power of computers gives biologists opportunities to address new issues, such as the patterns of molecular evolution, and re-assess old ones,such as the role of a daptation in species diversification. In the second edition, the book continues to integrate a wide variety of data analysis methods into a single and flexible interface: the R language. This open source languageis available for a wide range of computer s ystems and has been adopted as a computational environment by many authors of statistical software. Adopting R as a main tool for phylogenetic analyses will ease the workflow in biologists'data analyses, ensure greater scientific repeatability, and enhanc e the exchange of ideas and methodological developments. The second edition is completely updated, covering the full gamut of R packages for this area that have beenintroduced to the market since its previous publication five years ago. There is also a ne w chapter on the simulation of evolutionary data. Graduate students and researchers in evolutionary biology can use this book as areference for data analyses, whereas researchers in bioinformatics interested in evolutionary analyses will learn how to impl ement these methods in R. The book starts with a presentation of different R packages and gives a shortintroduction to R for phylogeneticists unfamiliar with this language. The basic phylogenetic topics are covered: manipulation of phylogenetic data, phyl ogeny estimation, tree drawing, phylogenetic comparative methods, and estimation ofancestral characters. The chapter on tree drawing uses R's powerful graphical environment. A section deals with the analysis of diversification with phylogenies, one of the author's favorite research topics. The last chapter is devotedto the development of phylogenetic methods with R and interfaces with other languages (C and C++). Some exercises conclude these chap
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
First Steps in R for Phylogeneticists
Phylogenetic Data in R
Plotting Phylogenies
Phylogeny Estimation
Analysis of Macroevolution with Phylogenies
Simulating Phylogenies and Evolutionary Data
Developing and Implementing Phylogenetic Methods in R
Short Course on Regular Expressions
ISBN:9781461417439
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R!
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Life sciences , Bioinformatics , Evolution (Biology) , Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461413318:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stardust, Supernovae and the Molecules of Life [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard N. Boyd
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461413318
Series:Astronomers Universe
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astrobiology , Popular Science in Astronomy , Evolutionary Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783034801225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Mathematics of Darwins Legacy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Fabio A. C. C Chalub
Jos Francisco Rodrigues
Date:2011
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book presents a general overview of mathematical models in the context of evolution. It covers a wide range of topics such as population genetics, population dynamics, speciation, adaptive dynamics, game theory, kinselection, and stochastic proce sses. Written by leading scientists working at the interface between evolutionary biology and mathematics the book is the outcome of a conference commemorating Charles Darwin's 200th birthday, and the150th anniversary of the first publication of his book On the origin of species. Its chapters vary in format between general introductory and state-of-the-art research texts in biomathematics, in this way addressing both studentsand researchers in mathematics, biology and related fields. Mathematicians lookin g for new problems as well as biologists looking for rigorous description of population dynamics will find this book fundamental
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
What changes has mathematics made to the Darwinian theory? by Warren J. Ewens
The mathematics of Darwins theory of evolution: 1859 and 150 years later by Peter Schuster
Some Mathematical Models in Evolutionary Genetics by Reinhard Brger
Extinction, Persistence, and Evolution by Peter Jagers
Group Theory in Homogeneous Populations (Rescuing Darwin from the mud) by Peter Taylor
Evolutionary dynamics of collective action by Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms
On kin and group selection, and the haystack model by Vincent A. A. Jans
ISBN:9783034801225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Genetics Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642121425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homo Novus A Human Without Illusions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ulrich J Frey
Charlotte Strmer
Kai P Willfhr
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Converging evidence from disciplines including sociobiology, evolutionary psychology and human biology forces us to adopt a new idea of what it means to be a human. As cherished concepts such as free will, nave realism, humansas creation's crowning g lory fall and our moral roots in ape group dynamics become clearer, we have to take leave of many concepts that have been central to defining our humanness. What emerges is a new human, the homo novus, a humanbeing without illusions. Leading authors from many different fields explore these issues by addressing these illusions and providing evidence for the need to switch to this new idea of man, in spite of understandable reluctance to letgo of our most beloved illusions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Humans Are Exceptional
The Position of Man in the Cosmos
Living Differences
Nothing to Talk About
We Are Independent of Our Sociobiological Roots
The True Egoist Is Cooperative
The Social Brain and Its Implications
Why Most Theories Get It Wrong
The Biological Imperative Doesnt Matter to Us
Mortality Crises and Their Consequences for Human Life Histories
Costs and Consequences of Reproduction
Height and Reproductive Success
The Past Doesnt Echo in Our Heads
Developmental Psychology Without Dualistic Illusions
The Psychology of Families
Moral,
ISBN:9783642121425
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Genetic epistemology , Evolution (Biology) , Psychology , Anthropology , Consciousness
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642115462:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantitative Sociodynamics [electronic resource] : Stochastic Methods and Models of Social Interaction Processes
Author(s): Dirk Helbing
Date:2010
Edition:2
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This new edition of Quantitative Sociodynamics presents a general strategy for interdisciplinary model building and its application to a quantitative description of behavioral changes based on social interaction processes.Originally, the crucial meth ods for the modeling of complex systems (stochastic methods and nonlinear dynamics) were developed in physics and mathematics, but they have very often proven their explanatory power in chemistry, biology,economics and the social sciences as well. Quantit ative Sociodynamics provides a unified and comprehensive overview of the different stochastic methods, their interrelations and properties. In addition, it introduces important conceptsfrom nonlinear dynamics (e.g. synergetics, chaos theory). The applicab ility of these fascinating concepts to social phenomena is carefully discussed. By incorporating decision-theoretical approaches, a fundamental dynamic model isobtained, which opens new perspectives in the social sciences. It includes many established mod els as special cases, e.g. the logistic equation, the gravity model, some diffusion models, evolutionary game theoryand social fieldtheory. Moreover, it implies numerous new results and is relevant for various application areas, such as opinion formation, migration, the self-organizationof behavioral conventions, and the behavior of customers andvoters.Theoretical results are complemented and illustrated by numerous computer simulations. Quantitative Sociodynamics is relevant both for social scientists an d natural scientists who are interested in the application ofstochastic and synergetics concepts to interdisciplinary topics.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction and Summary
Dynamic Decision Behavior
Part I: Stochastic Methods and Non
Linear Dynamics: Master Equation in State Space
Boltzmann
Like Equations
Master Equation in Configuration Space
The Fokker
Planck Equation
Langevin Equations and Non
Linear Dynamics
Part II: Quantitative Models of Social Processes: Overview
Problems and Terminology
Decision Theoretical Specification of the Transition Rates
Opinion Formation Models
Social Fields and Social Forces
Evolutionary Game Theory
Determination of the Model Parameters from Empirical Data
List of
ISBN:9783642115462
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Operations research , Social sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642111945:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Poisson-Dirichlet Distribution and Related Topics [electronic resource] Models and Asymptotic Behaviors
Author(s): Shui Feng
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Poisson-Dirichlet distribution is an infinite dimensional probability distribution. It was introduced by Kingman over thirty years ago, and has found applications in a broad range of areas including Bayesian statistics,combinatorics, differential geometry, economics, number theory, physics, and population genetics. This monograph provides a comprehensive study of this distribution and some related topics, with particular emphasis on recent progressesin evolutionary dynamics and asymptotic behavio rs. One central scheme is the unification of the Poisson-Dirichlet distribution, the urn structure, the coalescent, the evolutionary dynamics through the grand particle system of Donnellyand Kurtz. It is largely self-contained. The methods and techniques used in it appeal to researchers in a wide variety of subjects
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Models
1. Introduction
2. The PoissonDirichlet Distribution
3. The Two
Parameter PoissonDirichlet Distribution
4. The Coalescent
5. Stochastic Dynamics
6. Particle Representation
Part II: Asymptotic Behaviors
7. Fluctuation Theorems
8. Large Deviations for the PoissonDirichlet Distribution
9. Large Deviations for the Dirichlet Processes
A. Poisson Process and Poisson Random Measure
A.1. Definitions
A.2. Properties
B. Basics of Large Deviations
References
Index
ISBN:9783642111945
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Probability and its Applications, 1431-7028
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642008702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Emergence, Analysis and Evolution of Structures [electronic resource] : Concepts and Strategies Across Disciplines
Author(s): Klaus Lucas
Peter Roosen
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The study of structures and structure generating processes is a common concern of all scientific and technical disciplines. The present volume presents an interdisciplinary investigation of the different methods of analysis andmodelling which, while differing considerably in detail, usually have evolutionary adaption or development schemes at their core. The book naturally falls into three parts - a first part summarizing the transdisciplinary fundamentals,a second part discussing in detail case stud ies from various fields (production engineering, medicine, management, molecular biology, energy engineering, civil engineering, logistics, sociology, physics) and a shorter outlook on thetransdisciplinary perspective
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Transdisciplinary Fundamentals
Structures in the Disciplines: Case Studies
Transdisciplinary Perspective
ISBN:9783642008702
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Artificial intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387789071:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Applied Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sophia Th Kyritsi-Yiallourou
Nikolaos S Papageorgiou
Date:2009
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Accurate models to describe real-world phenomena are indispensable for research in such scientific fields as physics, engineering, biology, chemistry, and economics. The tools and techniques of applied analysis facilitate thedevelopment of mathematic al models and can thereby serve as an excellent resource for students and researchers in various scientific and mathematical disciplines. This self-contained, comprehensive handbook provides an in-depthexamination of important theoretical methods and proc edures in applied analysis. Unique features of the Handbook of Applied Analysis: Presents an accessible introduction to modern analysis, while still serving as a useful referencefor researchers and practitioners Covers a large number of diverse topics: smooth and nonsmooth differential calculus, optimal control, fixed point theory, critical point theory, linear and nonlinear eigenvalue problems, nonlinearboundary value problems, set-valued analysis, game theory, stochastic analysis, and evolutionary equ ations Serves as a complete guide to the theory of nonlinear analysis Includes numerous examples that demonstrate and expandupon the topics presented Suggests many directions for further research and study. In this one volume, the reader can find many of the most important theoretical trends in nonlinear analysis and applications to different fields.These features, together with an extensive bibliography, make the volume a valuable tool for every researcher working with nonlinear analysis
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Smooth and Nonsmooth Calculus
Extremal Problems and Optimal Control
Nonlinear Operators and Fixed Points
Critical Point Theory and Variational Methods
Boundary Value ProblemsHamiltonian Systems
Multivalued Analysis
Economic Equilibrium and Optimal Economic Planning
Game Theory
Uncertainty, Information, Decision Making
Evolution Equations
ISBN:9780387789071
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics, 1571-8689 : v19
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Differential Equations , Differential equations, partial , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387781518:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Demographic Processes In Marked Populations [electronic resource]
Author(s): David L Thomson
Evan G Cooch
Michael J Conroy
Date:2009
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Much of biology can be understood in terms of demography. It is the demographic processes of birth and death which govern rates of population growth and the rates at which gene frequencies change. The analysis of demographicprocesses in free-living o rganisms is, however, far from simple. Scientists from diverse fields in biology and statistics have united to address the challenges by developing mark-recapture methods and other approaches. Progress hasbeen rapid, and this volume represents a snapshot of the emerging field. It has eleven sections in total, covering the most important biological and statistical frontiers, new software developments, and an open forum. It covers thelatest approaches in modeling population dynamics, evolutionary ecology an d wildlife biology. It addresses issues in the estimation of abundance and movement, and it covers new statistical approaches in the combination of information,Bayesian statistics, Robust Designs and the modeling of state-uncertainty
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Abundance Estimation: Direct, Proxies and Point Counts
Population Dynamics
Combining Sources of Information
Dispersal, Movement and Migration
State Uncertainty: Assignment Error and Unobservable States
Bayesian Applications: Advances, Random Effects and Hierarchical Models
Evolutionary Ecology
Wildlife and Conservation Management
New Software Developments for Modeling Demographic Processes
Open Forum
ISBN:9780387781518
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Environmental and Ecological Statistics : v3
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Environmental sciences , Nature Conservation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540783626:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiscale Problems in the Life Sciences [electronic resource] : From Microscopic to Macroscopic
Author(s): Jacek Banasiak
Mark A. J Chaplain
Jacek Mikisz
Vincenzo Capasso
Mirosaw Lachowicz
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The aim of this volume that presents Lectures given at a joint CIME and Banach Center Summer School, is to offer a broad presentation of a class of updated methods providing a mathematical framework for the development of ahierarchy of models of comp lex systems in the natural sciences, with a special attention to Biology and Medicine. Mastering complexity implies sharing different tools requiring much higher level of communication between differentmathematical and scientific schools, for solving clas ses of problems of the same nature. Today more than ever, one of the most important challenges derives from the need to bridge parts of a system evolving at different time and spacescales, especially with respect to computational affordability. As a resul t the content has a rather general character the main role is played by stochastic processes, positive semigroups, asymptotic analysis, kinetic theory,continuum theory and game theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface by Vincenzo Capasso and Miroslaw Lachowicz
Jacek Banasiak: Positivity in Natural Sciences
Vincenzo Capasso and Daniela Morale Rescaling Stochastic Processes: Asymptotics
Mark A.J. Chaplain: Modelling Aspects of Cancer Growth: Insight from Mathematical and Numerical Analysis and Computational Simulation
Miroslaw Lachowicz: Links Between Microscopic and Macroscopic Descriptions
Jacek Miekisz: Evolutionary Game Theory and Population Dynamics
ISBN:9783540783626
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v1940
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Operator theory , Differential equations, partial , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540776574:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organic Computing [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rolf P Wrtz
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Organic Computing is a research field emerging around the conviction that problems of organization in complex systems in computer science, telecommunications, neurobiology, molecular biology, ethology, and possibly even sociologycan be tackled scient ifically in a unified way. From the computer science point of view, the apparent ease in which living systems solve computationally difficult problems makes it inevitable to adopt strategies observed in nature forcreating information processing machinery. In this book, the major ideas behind Organic Computing are delineated, together with a sparse sample of computational projects undertaken in this new field. Biological metaphors includeevolution, neural networks, gene-regulatory networks, networks of bra in modules, hormone system, insect swarms, and ant colonies. Applications are as diverse as system design, optimization, artificial growth, task allocation,clustering, routing, face recognition, and sign language understanding
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: Organic Computing
The Organic Future of Information Technology
Systems Engineering for Organic Computing: The Challenge of Shared Design and Control between OC Systems and their Human Engineers
Controlled Emergence and Self
Organization
Organic Computing and Complex Dynamical Systems Conceptual Foundations and Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Evolutionary Design of Emergent Behavior
Genesis of Organic Computing Systems: Coupling Evolution and Learning
Organically Grown Architectures: Creating Decentralized, Autonomous Systems by Embryomorphic Engineering
ISBN:9783540776574
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Neurosciences , Artificial intelligence , Differentiable dynamical systems , Engineering mathematics , Vibration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402087615:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales [electronic resource]
Author(s): Arne T Skjeltorp
Alexander V Belushkin
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Evolution is a critical challenge for many areas of science, technology and development of society. The book reviews general evolutionary facts such as origin of life and evolution of the genome and clues to evolution throughsimple systems. Emerging areas of science such as systems biology and bio-complexity are founded on the idea that phenomena need to be understood in the context of highly interactive processes operating at different levels andon different scales. This is where physics meets compl exity in nature, and where we must begin to learn about complexity if we are to understand it. Similarly, there is an increasingly urgent need to understand and predict theevolutionary behavior of highly interacting man-made systems, in areas such as comm unications and transport, which permeate the modern world. The same applies to the evolution of human networks such as social, political and financialsystems, where technology has tended to vastly increase both the complexity and speed of interaction, whi ch is sometimes effectively instantaneous. The book contains reviews on such diverse areas as evolution experiments withmicroorganisms, the origin and evolution of viruses, evolutionary dynamics of genes and environment in cancer development, aging as an evolution-facilitating program, evolution of vision and evolution of financial markets
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Accuracy of Molecular Processes
Experimental Evolution: Bugs and Bytes
Evolutionary Dynamics
Small RNA Control of Cell
to
Cell Communication in Vibrio Harveyi and Vibrio Cholerae
Dynamical Genetic Regulation
Translation Attenuation Mechanism in Unfolded Protein Response
The Origin and Evolution of Viruses
Fokker
Planck and Chapman
Kolmogorov Equations for Ito Processes with Finite Memory
Evolution of FX Markets via Globalization of Capital
Evolutionary Dynamics of Genes and Environment in Cancer Development
Aging as Evolution
Facilitating Program and a Biochem
ISBN:9781402087615
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Evolution (Biology) , Biomedical engineering , Engineering , Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387777900:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Morphometrics with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Julien Claude
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantifying shape and size variation is essential in evolutionary biology and in many other disciplines. Since the morphometric revolution of the 90s, an increasing number of publications in applied and theoreticalmorphometrics emerged in the new dis cipline of statistical shape analysis. The R language and environment offers a single platform to perform a multitude of analyses from the acquisition of data to the production of static andinteractive graphs. This offers an ideal environment to analyze s hape variation and shape change. This open-source language is accessible for novices and for experienced users. Adopting R gives the user and developer several advantagesfor performing morphometrics: evolvability, adaptability, interactivity, a single and comprehensive platform, possibility of interfacing with other languages and software, custom analyses, and graphs. The book explains how to use R formorphometrics and provides a series of examples of codes and displays covering approaches ranging from tr aditional morphometrics to modern statistical shape analysis such as the analysis of landmark data, Thin Plate Splines, andFourier analysis of outlines. The book fills two gaps: The gap between theoreticians and students by providing worked examples from the acquisition of data to analyses and hypothesis testing. The gap between user and developers byproviding and explaining codes for performing all the steps necessary for morphometrics rather than providing a manual for a given software or package. Stude nts and scientists interested in shape analysis can use the book as areference for performing applied morphometrics, while prospective researchers will learn how to implement algorithms or interfacing R for new methods. In addition, adopting the R philoso phy will enhance exchanges within and outsidethe morphometrics community. Julien Claude is evolutionary biologist and palaeontologist at the University of Montpellier 2 where he got his Ph.D. in 200
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Contributors
Abbreviations and notations
Introduction
Acquiring and manipulating morphometric data
Traditional statistics for morphometrics
Modern morphometrics based on configurations of landmarks
Statistical analysis of shape using modern morphometrics
Going further with R
Appendix A: functions developed in this text
Appendix B: packages used in this text
ISBN:9780387777900
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783764383312:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Singularly Perturbed Boundary-Value Problems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Luminia Barbu
Gheorghe Moroanu
Date:2007
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book offers a detailed asymptotic analysis of some important classes of singularly perturbed boundary value problems which are mathematical models for various phenomena in biology, chemistry, and engineering. The authors areparticularly interest ed in nonlinear problems, which have hardly been examined so far in the literature dedicated to singular perturbations. This book proposes to fill in this gap, since most applications are described by nonlinearmodels. Their asymptotic analysis is very int eresting, but requires special methods and tools. The treatment presented in this volume combines some of the most successful results from different parts of mathematics, includingfunctional analysis, singular perturbation theory, partial differential equ ations, and evolution equations. Thus a complete justification for the replacement of various perturbed models with corresponding reduced models, which aresimpler but in general have a different character, is offered to the reader Specific applications ar e addressed, such as propagation of electromagnetic or mechanical waves, fluid flows, or diffusion processes. However, the methodspresented are also applicable to other mathematical models. The book covers mostly original results by the authors. It is des igned for researchers and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
I Preliminaries
1. Regular and Singular Perturbations
2. Evolution Equations in Hilbert Spaces
II Singularly Perturbed Hyperbolic Problems
3. Presentation of the Problems
4. Hyperbolic Systems with Algebraic Boundary Conditions
5. Hyperbolic Systems with Dynamic Boundary Conditions
III Singularly Perturbed Coupled Boundary Value Problems
6. Presentation of the Problems
7. The Stationary Case
8. The Evolutionary Case
IV Elliptic and Hyperbolic Regularizations of Parabolic Problems
9. Presentation of the Problems
10. The Linear Case
11. The Nonl
ISBN:9783764383312
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Series of Numerical Mathematics : v156
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540344285:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics for Ecology and Environmental Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yasuhiro Takeuchi
Yoh Iwasa
Kazunori Sato
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Dynamical systems theory in mathematical biology has attracted much attention from many scientific directions. The purpose of this volume is to discuss the many rich and interesting properties of dynamical systems that appear inecology and environmen tal sciences. The main topics include population dynamics with dispersal, nonlinear discrete population dynamics, structured population models, mathematical models in evolutionary ecology, stochastic spatialmodels in ecology, game dynamics and the chemost at model. Each chapter will serve to introduce students and scholars to the state-of-the-art in an exciting area, to present important new results, and to inspire future contributions tomathematical modeling in ecology and environmental sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Ecology as a Modern Science
Physiologically Structured Population Models: Towards a General Mathematical Theory
A Survey of Indirect Reciprocity
The Effects of Migration on Persistence and Extinction
Sexual Reproduction Process on One
Dimensional Stochastic Lattice Model
A Mathematical Model of Gene Transfer in a Biofilm
Nonlinearity and Stochasticity in Population Dynamics
The Adaptive Dynamics of Community Structure
ISBN:9783540344285
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Ecology , Genetics Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Biomedical engineering , Engineering , Environmental sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387687339:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Killer Cell Dynamics [electronic resource] : Mathematical and Computational Approaches to Immunology
Author(s): Dominik Wodarz
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book reviews how mathematics can be used in combination with biological data in order to improve understanding of how the immune system works. This is illustrated largely in the context of viral infections. Mathematicalmodels allow scientists to capture complex biological interactions in a clear mathematical language and to follow them to their precise logical conclusions. This can give rise to counter-intuitive insights which would not be attainedby experiments alone, and can be used for the de sign of further experiments in order to address the mathematical results. This book provides both an introduction to the field of mathematical immunology, and an overview of many topicswhich are the subject of current research, covering a broad variety of immunological topics. It starts with basic principles of immunology and covers the dynamical interactions between the immune system and specific viral infections,including important human pathogens such as HIV. General biological and mathematical backgro und material to both virus infection and immune system dynamics is provided, and each chapter begins with a simple introduction to thebiological questions examined. This book is intended for an interdisciplinary audience. It explains the concept of mathem atical modeling in immunology and shows how modeling has been used to address specific questions. It is intendedboth for the mathematical biologists who are interested in immunology, and for the biological readership that is interested in the use of mathe matical models in immunology. Dominik Wodarz is an Associate Professor at the Department ofEcology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of California, Irvine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Viruses and Immune Responses: A Dynamical View
Models of CTL Responses and Correlates of Virus Control
CTL Memory
CD4 T Cell Help
Immunodominance
Multiple Infections and CTL Dynamics
Control Versus CTL
Induced Pathology
Lytic Versus Nonlytic Activity
Dynamical Interactions Between CTL and Antibody Responses
Effector Molecules and CTL Homeostasis
Virus
Induced Subversion of CTL Responses
Boosting Immunity Against Immunosuppressive Infections
Evolutionary Aspects of Immunity
References
Index
ISBN:9780387687339
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics, 0939-6047 : v32
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Immunology , Cytology , Ecology , Evolution (Biology) , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387351001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of Phylogenetics and Evolution with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Emmanuel Paradis
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The increasing availability of molecular and genetic databases coupled with the growing power of computers gives biologists opportunities to address new issues, such as the patterns of molecular evolution, and re-assess old ones,such as the role of a daptation in species diversification. This book integrates a wide variety of data analysis methods into a single and flexible interface: the R language. This open source language is available for a wide range ofcomputer systems and has been adopted as a c omputational environment by many authors of statistical software. Adopting R as a main tool for phylogenetic analyses will ease the workflow in biologists' data analyses, ensure greaterscientific repeatability, and enhance the exchange of ideas and method ological developments. Graduate students and researchers in evolutionary biology can use this book as a reference for data analyses, whereas researchers inbioinformatics interested in evolutionary analyses will learn how to implement these methods in R. T he book starts with a presentation of different R packages and gives a short introduction to R for phylogeneticists unfamiliar withthis language. The basic phylogenetic topics are covered: manipulation of phylogenetic data, phylogeny estimation, tree draw ing, phylogenetic comparative methods, and estimation of ancestral characters. The chapter on tree drawing usesR's powerful graphical environment. A section deals with the analysis of diversification with phylogenies, one of the author's favorite research topics. The last chapter is devoted to the development of phylogenetic methods with R andinterfaces with other languages (C and C++). Some exercises conclude these chapters. Emmanuel Paradis is an evolutionary biologist at the Centre National de la Reche rche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Institut de Recherche pour leDveloppement (IRD) in Montpellier. He received his Doctorate Diploma in population biology and ecology in 1993 at the University of Montpe
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:First Steps in R for Phylogeneticists
Phylogenetic Data in R
Plotting Phylogenies
Phylogeny Estimation
Analysis of Macroevolution with Phylogenies
Developing and Implementing Phylogenetic Methods in R
ISBN:9780387351001
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Bioinformatics , Evolution (Biology)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387339160:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Power Laws, Scale-Free Networks and Genome Biology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eugene V Koonin
Yuri I Wolf
Georgy P Karev
Date:2006
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Power Laws, Scale-free Networks and Genome Biology deals with crucial aspects of the theoretical foundations of systems biology, namely power law distributions and scale-free networks which have emerged as the hallmarks ofbiological organization in t he post-genomic era. The chapters in the book not only describe the interesting mathematical properties of biological networks but moves beyond phenomenology, toward models of evolution capable of explainingthe emergence of these features. The collection of chapters, contributed by both physicists and biologists, strives to address the problems in this field in a rigorous but not excessively mathematical manner and to represent differentviewpoints, which is crucial in this emerging discipline. Each chapte r includes, in addition to technical descriptions of properties of biological networks and evolutionary models, a more general and accessible introduction to therespective problems. Most chapters emphasize the potential of theoretical systems biology for discovery of new biological phenomena
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Architecture of the Cell: Scaling and Hierarchy in Cellular Networks
Classification of Scale
Free Networks
Wide Spread Occurrence of Power Law Behavior in Genomic Biology
Detection of Topological Patterns in Protein
Binding and Transcription Regulation Networks
The Structure of Metabolic and Protein Interaction Networks: Design, History, or (mere) Chemistry?
Protein
Protein Interaction Networks
The Society of Genes: Networks of Functional Links Between Genes from Comparative Genomics
Emergence of Patterns in Gene Networks
Mathematical Modeling of Genome Evolution: O
ISBN:9780387339160
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biochemistry , Proteomics , Bioinformatics , Microbial genetics , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387319094:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolutionary Computation for Modeling and Optimization [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel Ashlock
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Evolutionary Computation for Optimization and Modeling is an introduction to evolutionary computation, a field which includes genetic algorithms, evolutionary programming, evolution strategies, and genetic programming. The text isa survey of some app lication of evolutionary algorithms. It introduces mutation, crossover, design issues of selection and replacement methods, the issue of populations size, and the question of design of the fitness function. It alsoincludes a methodological material on eff icient implementation. Some of the other topics in this book include the design of simple evolutionary algorithms, applications to several types of optimization, evolutionary robotics, simpleevolutionary neural computation, and several types of automatic programming including genetic programming. The book gives applications to biology and bioinformatics and introduces a number of tools that can be used in biologicalmodeling, including evolutionary game theory. Advanced techniques such as cellular encoding , grammar based encoding, and graph based evolutionary algorithms are also covered. This book presents a large number of homework problems,projects, and experiments, with a goal of illustrating single aspects of evolutionary computation and comparing diff erent methods. Its readership is intended for an undergraduate or first-year graduate course in evolutionarycomputation for computer science, engineering, or other computational science students. Engineering, computer science, and applied math students wi ll find this book a useful guide to using evolutionary algorithms as a problem solvingtool
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:An Overview of Evolutionary Computation
Designing Simple Evolutionary Algorithms
Optimizing Real
Valued Functions
Sunburn: Coevolving Strings
Small Neural Nets : Symbots
Evolving Finite State Automata
Ordered Structures
Plus
One
Recall
Store
Fitting to Data
Tartarus: Discrete Robotics
Evolving Logic Functions
ISAc List: Alternative Genetic Programming
Graph
Based Evolutionary Algorithms
Cellular Encoding
Application to Bioinformatics
ISBN:9780387319094
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Artificial intelligence , Bioinformatics , Algorithms
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387277332:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods in Molecular Evolution [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rasmus Nielsen
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In the field of molecular evolution, inferences about past evolutionary events are made using molecular data from currently living species. With the availability of genomic data from multiple related species, molecular evolutionhas become one of the most active and fastest growing fields of study in genomics and bioinformatics. Most studies in molecular evolution rely heavily on statistical procedures based on stochastic process modelling and advancedcomputational methods including high-dimensional n umerical optimization and Markov Chain Monte Carlo. This book provides an overview of the statistical theory and methods used in studies of molecular evolution. It includes anintroductory section suitable for readers that are new to the field, a section d iscussing practical methods for data analysis, and more specialized sections discussing specific models and addressing statistical issues relating toestimation and model choice. The chapters are written by the leaders in the field and they will take the r eader from basic introductory material to the state-of the-art statistical methods. This book is suitable for statisticiansseeking to learn more about applications in molecular evolution and molecular evolutionary biologists with an interest in learning m ore about the theory behind the statistical methods applied in the field. The chapters of the bookassume no advanced mathematical skills beyond basic calculus, although familiarity with basic probability theory will help the reader. Most relevant statisti cal concepts are introduced in the book in the context of their application inmolecular evolution, and the book should be accessible for most biology graduate students with an interest in quantitative methods and theory. Rasmus Nielsen received his Ph.D. form the University of California at Berkeley in 1998 andafter a postdoc at Harvard University, he assumed a faculty position in Statistical Genomics at Cornell University. He is currently an Ole Rmer
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Markov Models in Molecular Evolution
to Applications of the Likelihood Function in Molecular Evolution
to Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods in Molecular Evolution
Population Genetics of Molecular Evolution
Practical Approaches for Data Analysis
Maximum Likelihood Methods for Detecting Adaptive Protein Evolution
HyPhy: Hypothesis Testing Using Phylogenies
Bayesian Analysis of Molecular Evolution Using MrBayes
Estimation of Divergence Times from Molecular Sequence Data
Models of Molecular Evolution
Markov Models of Protein Sequence Evolution
Models of Microsatelli
ISBN:9780387277332
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Bioinformatics , Evolution (Biology) , Plant breeding , Genetics Mathematics , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387266480:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Warren J Ewens
Gregory Grant
Date:2005
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advances in computers and biotechnology have had a profound impact on biomedical research, and as a result complex data sets can now be generated to address extremely complex biological questions. Correspondingly, advances in thestatistical methods n ecessary to analyze such data are following closely behind the advances in data generation methods. The statistical methods required by bioinformatics present many new and difficult problems for the researchcommunity. This book provides an introduction to some of these new methods. The main biological topics treated include sequence analysis, BLAST, microarray analysis, gene finding, and the analysis of evolutionary processes. The mainstatistical techniques covered include hypothesis testing and estimatio n, Poisson processes, Markov models and Hidden Markov models, and multiple testing methods. The second edition features new chapters on microarray analysis and onstatistical inference, including a discussion of ANOVA, and discussions of the statistical th eory of motifs and methods based on the hypergeometric distribution. Much material has been clarified and reorganized. The book is written soas to appeal to biologists and computer scientists who wish to know more about the statistical methods of the fiel d, as well as to trained statisticians who wish to become involved with bioinformatics. The earlier chapters introducethe concepts of probability and statistics at an elementary level, but with an emphasis on material relevant to later chapters and often not covered in standard introductory texts. Later chapters should be immediately accessible to thetrained statistician. Sufficient mathematical background consists of introductory courses in calculus and linear algebra. The basic biological concepts that are used are explained, or can be understood from the context, and standardmathematical concepts are summarized in an Appendix. Problems are provided at the end of each chapter allowing the reader to de
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Probability Theory (i): One Random Variable
Probability Theory (ii): Many Random Variables
Statistics (i): An Introduction to Statistical Inference
Stochastic Processes (i): Poisson Processes and Markov Chains
The Analysis of One DNA Sequence
The Analysis of Multiple DNA or Protein Sequences
Stochastic Processes (ii): Random Walks
Statistics (ii): Classical Estimation Theory
Statistics (iii): Classical Hypothesis Testing Theory
BLAST
Stochastic Processes (iii): Markov Chains
Hidden Markov Models
Gene Expression, Microarrays, and Multiple Testing
Evolution
ISBN:9780387266480
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Bioinformatics , Biology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387235394:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Shortest Connectivity [electronic resource] : An Introduction with Applications in Phylogeny
Author(s): Dietmar Cieslik
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The problem of Shortest Connectivity has a long and convoluted history: given a finite set of points in a metric space, search for a network that connects these points with the shortest possible length. This shortest networkmust be a tree and may con tain vertices different from the points which are to be connected. Over the years more and more real-life problems are given, which use this problem or one of its relatives as an application, as a subproblemor a model. This volume is an introduction to th e theory of Shortest Connectivity, as the core of the so-called Geometric Network Design Problems, where the general problem can be stated as follows: given a configuration ofvertices and/or edges, find a network which contains these objects, satisfies so me predetermined requirements, and which minimizes a given objective function that depends on several distance measures. A new application of shortestconnectivity is also discussed, namely to create trees which reflect the evolutionary history of living e ntities. The aim in this graduate level text is to outline the key mathematical concepts that underpin these importantquestions in applied mathematics. These concepts involve discrete mathematics (particularly graph theory), optimization, computer science , and several ideas in biology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Two Classical Optimization Problems
Gauss Question
What Does Solution Mean?
Network Design Problems
A New Challenge: The Phylogeny
An Analysis of Steiners Problem in Phylogenetic Spaces
Tree Building Algorithms
ISBN:9780387235394
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Combinatorial Optimization, 1388-3011 : v17
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Mathematical optimization , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783034878951:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Function and Regulation of Cellular Systems
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (23 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-7895-1
Contents:to Part I -- A Functional Dynamics Approach to Modelling of Glycolysis -- Temperature-Compensation in Biological Clocks:Models and Experiments -- Metabolic Control Analysis of the ATPase Network in Contracting Muscle:Regulation of
Contractile Function and ATP Free Energy Potential -- En Route for Systems Biology: In Silico Pathway Analysis and Metabolite Profiling -- to Part II -- Presynaptic Calcium Dynamics of Neurons in Answer to VariousStimulation Protocols
-- Mathematical Modeling of Signaling Cascades: Principles and Future Prospects -- Collective Behavior of Membrane Channels: Electro-physiological Studies on Gap Junctions -- Modelling of Periodic Intercellular Ca2+ Waves -- Travelling
Waves as a Mechanism of Pattern Generation in Discrete Cell Lattices -- Design and Operation: Keys to Understanding Biological Systems -- to Part III -- Biopolymer Dynamics -- Micromechanics of Molecular Motors: Experiments and Theory
-- The Role of Osteocalcin in the Remodeling of Biomimetic Hydroxyapatite-Collagen Materials for Bone Replacement -- Cell Shape Normalization of Normal and Haploinsufficient NF1-Melanocytes by Micro-Structured Substrate Interaction --
Quantification of Shear Stress-Induced Cell Migration in Endothelial Cultures -- to Part IV -- Constructive and Dynamical Systems Approach to Life -- Coherent Dynamics in Networks of Single Protein Molecules -- Gene Regulatory
Networks: A Discrete Model of Dynamics and Topological Evolution -- Evolutionary Reconstruction of Networks -- Modelling Simple Biochemical Networks -- On the Evolution of Information in the Constituents of Regulatory Gene Networks --
to Part V -- Biological Relevance of Tissue Liquidity and Viscoelasticity -- Reinforcement of Cytoskeleton-Matrix Bonds and Tensiotaxis: A Cell-Based Model -- Simulation of Haematopoietic Stem Cell Organisation Using a Single Cell
Based Model Approach -- Pattern Formation in an Interacting Cell System: Rippling in Myxobacterial Aggregates -- to Part VI -- Molecular and Cellular Analysis of De Novo Pattern Formation in Hydra -- The Small Freshwater Polyp Hydra as
a Model for Axis Formationin Higher Organisms -- Cell Migration, Cell Fate and Pattern Formation During Head Development in Lungfishes and Amphibians -- Cell-Based Modelling of Tissues -- to Part VII -- Cell-Based Models of Avascular
Tumor Growth -- Solid Tumor Invasion: The Importance of Cell Adhesion -- Interrelationship of Tumor and Immune System -- Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Physics of Models for the Immune System -- Stochastic Model of Influenza Virus
Fusion -- Spatio-Temporal Aspects of a Dynamical Disease: Waves of Spreading Depression -- List of contributors -- Color Plates
ISBN:9783034878951
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer simulation , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , System theory , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Simulation and Modeling , Systems Theory, Control , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9780387218229:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Population Genetics I. Theoretical Introduction
Author(s): Warren J Ewens
Date:2004
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (418 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-0-387-21822-9
Contents:1 Historical Background -- 1.1 Biometricians, Saltationists and Mendelians -- 1.2 The Hardy-Weinberg Law -- 1.3 The Correlation Between Relatives -- 1.4 Evolution -- 1.5 Evolved Genetic Phenomena -- 1.6 Modelling -- 1.7 Overall
Evolutionary Theories -- 2 Technicalities and Generalizations -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Random Union of Gametes -- 2.3 Dioecious Populations -- 2.4 Multiple Alleles -- 2.5 Frequency-Dependent Selection -- 2.6 Fertility Selection --
2.7 Continuous-Time Models -- 2.8 Non-Random-Mating Populations -- 2.9 The Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection -- 2.10 Two Loci -- 2.11 Genetic Loads -- 2.12 Finite Markov Chains -- 3 Discrete Stochastic Models -- 3.1 Introduction
-- 3.2 Wright-Fisher Model: Two Alleles -- 3.3 The Cannings (Exchangeable) Model: Two Alleles -- 3.4 Moran Models: Two Alleles -- 3.5 K-Allele Wright-Fisher Models -- 3.6 Infinitely Many Alleles Models -- 3.7 The Effective Population
Size -- 3.8 Frequency-Dependent Selection -- 3.9 Two Loci -- 4 Diffusion Theory -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 The Forward and Backward Kolmogorov Equations -- 4.3 Fixation Probabilities -- 4.4 Absorption Time Properties -- 4.5 The
Stationary Distribution -- 4.6 Conditional Processes -- 4.7 Diffusion Theory -- 4.8 Multi-dimensional Processes -- 4.9 Time Reversibility -- 4.10 Expectations of Functions of Diffusion Variables -- 5 Applications of Diffusion Theory --
5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 No Selection or Mutation -- 5.3 Selection -- 5.4 Selection: Absorption Time Properties -- 5.5 One-Way Mutation -- 5.6 Two-Way Mutation -- 5.7 Diffusion Approximations and Boundary Conditions -- 5.8 Random
Environments -- 5.9 Time-Reversal and Age Properties -- 5.10 Multi-Allele Diffusion Processes -- 6 Two Loci -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Evolutionary Properties of Mean Fitness -- 6.3 Equilibrium Points -- 6.4 Special Models -- 6.5
Modifier Theory -- 6.6 Two-Locus Diffusion Processes -- 6.7 Associative Overdominance and Hitchhiking -- 6.8 The Evolutionary Advantage of Recombination -- 6.9 Summary -- 7 Many Loci -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Notation -- 7.3 The
Random Mating Case -- 7.4 Non-Random Mating -- 7.5 The Correlation Between Relatives -- 7.6 Summary -- 8 Further Considerations -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 What is Fitness? -- 8.3 Sex Ratio -- 8.4 Geographical Structure -- 8.5 Age
Structure -- 8.6 Ecological Considerations -- 8.7 Sociobiology -- 9 Molecular Population Genetics: Introduction -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Technical Comments -- 9.3 Infinitely Many Alleles Models: Population Properties. -- 9.4
Infinitely Many Sites Models: Population Properties -- 9.5 Sample Properties of Infinitely Many Alleles Models. -- 9.6 Sample Properties of Infinitely Many Sites Models -- 9.7 Relation Between Infinitely Many Alleles and Infinitely
Many Sites Models -- 9.8 Genetic Variation Within and Between Populations -- 9.9 Age-Ordered Alleles: Frequencies and Ages -- 10 Looking Backward in Time: The Coalescent -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Competing Poisson and Geometric
Processes -- 10.3 The Coalescent Process -- 10.4 The Coalescent and Its Relation to Evolutionary Genetic Models -- 10.5 Coalescent Calculations: Wright-Fisher Models -- 10.6 Coalescent Calculations: Exact Moran Model Results -- 10.7
General Comments -- 10.8 The Coalescent and Human Genetics -- 11 Looking Backward: Testing the Neutral Theory -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Testing in the Infinitely Many Alleles Models -- 11.3 Testing in the Infinitely Many Sites
Models -- 12 Looking Backward in Time: Population and Species Comparisons -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Various Evolutionary Models -- 12.3 Some Implications -- 12.4 Statistical Procedures -- Appendix A: Eigenvalue Calculations --
References -- Author Index
ISBN:9780387218229
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics: 27
Keywords: Life sciences , Biochemistry , Evolutionary biology , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Applications of Mathematics , Evolutionary Biology , Genetics and Population Dynamics , Mathematical and Computational Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9784431659587:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation in Biological Systems Experiments and Models
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (32 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-65958-7
Contents:Models for Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation -- Pattern Forming Reactions and the Generation of Primary Embryonic Axes -- Spatial Pattern Formation and Morphogenesis in Development: Recent Progress for Two Model Systems -- Alan
Turing and “The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis” -- On the Stochastic Geometry of Growth -- The Moving Grid Finite Element Method Applied to Biological Problems -- Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation in Animals -- Regulation of Pattern
Formation by the Interaction between Growth Factors and Proteoglycans -- Changing Roles of Homeotic Gene Functions in Arthropod Limb Development -- Variation, Adaptation and Developmental Constraints in the Mimetic Butterfly Papilio
dardanus -- Formation of New Organizing Regions by Cooperation of hedgehog, wingless, and dpp in Regeneration of the Insect Leg a Verification of the Boundary Model -- The Heterotopic Shift in Developmental Patterns and Evolution of
the Jaw in Vertebrates -- Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation in Plants -- The Development of Cell Pattern in the Arabidopsis Root Epidermis -- Pattern Formation during Dicotyledonous Plant Embryogenesis -- Regulation of Inflorescence
Architecture and Organ Shape by the ERECTA Gene in Arabidopsis -- Axis-dependent Regulation of Lateral Organ Development in Plants -- Formation of a Symmetric Flat Leaf Lamina in Arabidopsis -- Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation
Viewed from the Behaviour of Individual Cells -- Pattern Formation by Cell Movement in Closely-Packed Tissues -- Positioning of Cells at their Intrinsic Sites in Multicellular Organisms -- Spatial Pattern and Structure Formation in
Ecological Systems -- Biological Invasion into Periodically Fragmented Environments: A Diffusion-Reaction Model -- Spatial Pattern Formation in Plant Communities -- The Mode of Competition and Spatial Pattern Formation in Plant
Communities -- Formation of a Structure of Exponentially Forking Branches with a Steady-state Amount of Current-year Shoots in a Hardwood Tree Crown -- Spatio-Temporal Pattern Formation in Epidemiology -- Patterns in Epidemiology of
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Human Populations -- Backward Bifurcation in a Model for Vector Transmitted Disease -- Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation in Medicine -- Mathematical Modelling of Solid Tumour Growth: Applications of
Pre-pattern Formation -- The Formation of Branching Systems in Human Organs -- Computer Simulation on Morphogenesis of Colonic Neoplasia -- The Effects of Cell Adhesion on Solid Tumour Geometry -- Diversity of Biological Patterns in
the Fossil Record and Their Meaning in Morphological Evolution -- Pattern Formation and Function in Palaeobiology -- Why do Univalve Shells of Gastropods Coil so Tightly? A Head-Foot Guidance Model of Shell Growth and its Implication
on Developmental Constraints -- Computer Modeling of Microscopic Features of Molluscan Shells -- How Anomalocaris Swam in the Cambrian Sea A Theoretical Study Based on Hydrodynamics -- Morphology and Function of Cuticular Terraces in
Stomatopoda (Crustacea) and Mantodea (Insecta)
ISBN:9784431659587
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Infectious diseases , Oncology , Biodiversity , Evolutionary biology , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Infectious Diseases , Oncology , Biodiversity , Evolutionary Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783662055946:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Adaptivity and Learning An Interdisciplinary Debate
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (403 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-05594-6
Contents:Adaptivity and Learning — an Interdisciplinary Debate -- I Biology and Behaviour of Adaptation and Learning -- Biology of Adaptation and Learning -- The Adaptive Properties of the Phosphate Uptake System of Cyanobacteria: Information
Storage About Environmental Phosphate Supply -- Cognitive Architecture of a Mini-Brain -- Cerebral Mechanisms of Learning Revealed by Functional Neuroimaging in Humans -- Creating Presence by Bridging Between the Past and the Future:
the Role of Learning and Memory for the Organization of Life -- II Physics Approach to Learning — Neural Networks and Statistics -- The Physics Approach to Learning in Neural Networks -- Statistical Physics of Learning and
Generalization -- The Statistical Physics of Learning: Phase Transitions and Dynamical Symmetry Breaking -- The Complexity of Learning with Supportvector Machines — A Statistical Physics Study -- III Mathematical Models of Learning --
Mathematics Approach to Learning -- Learning and the Art of Fault-Tolerant Guesswork -- Perspectives on Learning Symbolic Data with Connectionistic Systems -- Statistical Learning and Kernel Methods -- Inductive Versus Approximative
Learning -- IV Learning by Experience -- Learning by Experience -- Learning by Experience from Others — Social Learning and Imitation in Animals and Robots -- Reinforcement Learning: a Brief Overview -- A Simple Model for Learning from
Unspecific Reinforcement -- V Human-Like Cognition and AI Learning -- Aspects of Human-Like Cognition and AI Learning -- Making Robots Learn to See -- Using Machine Learning Techniques in Complex Multi-Agent Domains -- Learning
Similarities for Informally Defined Objects -- Semiotic Cognitive Information Processing: Learning to Understand Discourse. A Systemic Model of Meaning Constitution
ISBN:9783662055946
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Computers , Evolutionary biology , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Control engineering , Robotics , Mechatronics , Physics , Physics, general , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Control, Robotics, Mechatronics , Computing Methodologies , Philosophy, general , Evolutionary Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783642562570:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science of Disasters Climate Disruptions, Heart Attacks, and Market Crashes
Author(s): Armin Bunde
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (453 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56257-0
Contents:I. General -- 1. Entropy, Complexity, Predictability, and Data Analysis of Time Series and Letter Sequences -- 2. Wavelet Based Multifractal Formalism: Applications to DNA Sequences, Satellite Images of the Cloud Structure, and Stock
Market Data -- II. Climate Systems -- 3. Space-Time Variability of the European Climate -- 4. Is Climate Predictable? -- 5. Atmospheric Persistence Analysis: Novel Approaches and Applications -- 6. Assessment and Management of Critical
Events: The Breakdown of Marine Fisheries and The North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation -- III. Biodynamics -- 7. Fractal and Multifractal Approaches in Physiology -- 8. Physiological Relevance of Scaling of Heart Phenomena -- 9.
Local Scaling Properties for Diagnostic Purposes -- 10. Unstable Periodic Orbits and Stochastic Synchronization in Sensory Biology -- 11. Crowd Disasters and Simulation of Panic Situations -- IV. Nonlinear Economics -- 12.
Investigations of Financial Markets Using Statistical Physics Methods -- 13. Market Fluctuations I: Scaling, Multiscaling, and Their Possible Origins -- 14. Market Fluctuations II: Multiplicative and Percolation Models, Size Effects,
and Predictions
ISBN:9783642562570
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atmospheric sciences , Medicine , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Statistics , Environmental sciences , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Atmospheric Sciences , Medicine/Public Health, general , Math. Appl. in Environmental Science , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783540456926:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (342 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45692-9
Contents:Molecular information and evolution -- Statistical significance and extremal ensemble of gapped local hybrid alignment -- On the design of optimization criteria for multiple sequence alignment -- Red queen dynamics and the evolution
of translational redundancy and degeneracy -- A testable genotype-phenotype map: modeling evolution of RNA molecules -- Evolutionary perspectives on protein structure, stability, and functionality -- Phylogeny -- The statistical
approach to molecular phylogeny: Evidence for a nonhyperthermophilic common ancestor -- Principles of cophylogenetic maps -- Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in comparative studies of evolution and adaptation -- The‘ shape’ of
phylogenies under simple random speciation models -- The evolution of populations and species -- Fitness landscapes -- Tempo and mode in quasispecies evolution -- Multilevel processes in evolution and development: Computational models
and biological insights -- Evolutionary strategies for solving optimization problems -- Review of biological ageing on the computer -- Spatio-temporal modes of speciation -- Large-scale evolution -- Food web structure and the evolution
of ecological communities -- Dynamics and topology of species networks -- Modelling macroevolutionary patterns: An ecological perspective
ISBN:9783540456926
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 585
Keywords: Life sciences , Bioinformatics , Evolutionary biology , Biomathematics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Bioinformatics , Mathematical and Computational Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783034881197:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fractals in Biology and Medicine
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (362 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8119-7
Contents:Fractal Design of Biological Structures and Functions -- Pattern Complexity in Organogenesis and Carcinogenesis -- Fractal Structure of Space and Time is Necessary for the Emergence of Self-Organization, Connectivity, and Collectivity
in Cellular System -- Diffusion Screening, Acinus Size and Optimal Design of Mammalian Lungs -- Three-Dimensional Model of the Human Airway Tree Based on a Fractal Branching Algorithm -- Fractal Dimension, Form and Shape Factors for
the Quantification of Nuclear Signature Profiles -- Fractal Signature Vectors and Lacunarity Class Distance Matrices to Extract New Adaptive Texture Features from Cell Nuclei -- Morphofractal Reorganization of Plasma Membrane and
Nuclear Components during the Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells -- Fractal Analysis of Chromatin during Apoptosis -- Fractal Structures in Tumours and Diseases -- Asymptotic Fractals, Geostatistics and Hurst Parameter Heterogeneity and
Histological Grades in Breast Cancer -- The Fractal Dimension of the Inner Surface of Neoplastic Mammary Ducts in Mammary Fibroadenomas and Mammary Carcinomas of Dog and Cat: Preliminary Data -- Classification of Prostatic Cancer Using
Artificial Neural Networks -- Fractal Dimension Exponent for Quantitative Evaluation of Liver Extracellular Matrix in Biopsy Specimens -- Two-Dimensional Fractal Geometric Analysis of Bone Marrow Tissue in Hyperplasia, Refractory
Anemia and Acute Leukemia -- Color-Based Method for Fractal Dimension Estimation of Pigmented Skin Lesion Contour -- The EEG Signal in Hepatic Encephalopathy: from a Time-Domain Statistical Analysis toward Fractional Brownian Processes
-- A Fractal Approach of Pathological Voices -- A Vowel Fractal Dimension Study -- Bone Architecture Measured by Fractal Dimension and Connectivity Indices is More Precociously Altered than Mineral Content in the Orchidectomized Rat --
Texture Analyses of X-Ray Micrographs (Fractal Geometry and Run Length) are Better Predictors of Bone Loss than Mineral Content in a Rat Model of Localized Disuse Osteopenia -- Fractal Scaling of Heartrate Dynamics in Health and
Disease -- Information States in Cardiac Rhythm -- Some Remarks on the Fractal Dimension Applications in -- Nuclear Medicine -- Organization and Evolution of Living Systems -- Fractional Calculus and Memory in Biophysical Time Series
-- The Biological Meanings of DNA Correlations -- On the Fractal Structure of Evolutionary Trees -- Metabolic Hypercycles, Universality and Fractals in Biological Evolution -- The Universal Dynamic Complexity as Extended Dynamic
Fractality: Causally Complete Understanding of Living Systems Emergence and Operation -- Modelling -- A Headful of T4 Coliphage DNA: Dynamical Modelling -- On Lacunarity Analysis -- The Fractal Dimension of the Coastline as a
Determinant of Western Leadership in Science and Technology -- A Fractional Calculus Approach to Adsorbate Dynamics in -- Nanoporous Materials -- Complex Aspects of the Riemann Hypothesis: a Computational -- Approach -- Fractals in
Architecture: Some Examples
ISBN:9783034881197
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Health informatics , Biochemistry , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Health Informatics , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9781461300656:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Approaches for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases: Models, Methods, and Theory
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (377 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0065-6
Contents:New directions in the mathematics of infectious disease -- Fred Brauer: The man and his mathematics -- Kenneth L. Cooke: Researcher, educator par excellence -- Maximal prevalence and the basic reproduction number in simple epidemics
-- The transition through stages with arbitrary length distributions, and applications in epidemics -- Measles outbreaks are not chaotic -- Epidemics among a population of households -- Infection transmission dynamics and vaccination
program effectiveness as a function of vaccine effects in individuals -- The influence of different forms of cross-protective immunity on the population dynamics of antigenically diverse pathogens -- Dynamics of multiple strains of
infectious agents coupled by cross-immunity: A comparison of models -- Virulence evolution in macro-parasites -- Mathematical models for schistosomiasis with delays and multiple definitive hosts -- Infectious disease models with
chronological age structure and epidemiological age structure -- Effects of genetic heterogeneity on HIV transmission in homosexual populations -- Age-structured core group model and its impact on STD dynamics -- Global dynamics of
tuberculosis models with density dependent demography -- Global stability in some SEIR epidemic models -- The global stability analysis for an SIS model with age and infection age structures -- Endemic threshold and stability in an
evolutionary epidemic model -- Epilogue -- List of tutorial/workshop participants -- IMA volume 125 contents: Mathematical approaches for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases: an introduction
ISBN:9781461300656
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 126
Keywords: Medicine , Epidemiology , Biomathematics , Medicine & Public Health , Epidemiology , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401596343:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Where Mathematics, Computer Science, Linguistics and Biology Meet Essays in honour of Gheorghe Păun
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (446 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-9634-3
Contents:1 The Games of His Life -- I Grammars and Grammar Systems -- 2 Deterministic Stream X-Machines Based on Grammar Systems -- 3 Some Ghosts that Arise in a Spliced Linguistic String: Evidence from Catalan -- 4 On Size Complexity of
Context-Free Returning Parallel Communicating Grammar Systems -- 5 Subregularly Controlled Derivations: Restrictions by Syntactic Parameters -- 6 Neo-Modularity and Colonies -- 7 Sewing Contexts and Mildly Context-Sensitive Languages
-- 8 Towards Grammars of Decision Algorithms -- II Automata -- 9 Computational Complementarity for Probabilistic Automata -- 10 Acceptance of ?-Languages by Communicating Deterministic Turing Machines -- 11 Counter Machines and the
Safety and Disjointness Problems for Database Queries with Linear Constraints -- 12 Automata Arrays and Context-Free Languages -- 13 On Special Forms of Restarting Automata -- 14 The Time Dimension of Computation Models -- III
Languages and Combinatorics -- 15 An Infinite Sequence of Full AFL-Structures, Each of Which Possesses an Infinite Hierarchy -- 16 Trellis Languages -- 17 Pictures, Layers, Double Stranded Molecules: On Multi-Dimensional Sentences --
18 Transduction in Polypodes -- 19 Some Algebraic Properties of Contexts and Their Applications to Contextual Languages -- 20 On Fatou Properties of Rational Languages -- 21 Multiple Keyword Patterns in Context-Free Languages -- 22
Reading Words in Graphs Generated by Hyperedge Replacement -- 23 Regularly Controlled Formal Power Series -- 24 Forbidden Subsequences and Permutations Sortable on Two Parallel Stacks -- 25 Approximate Identification and Finite
Elasticity -- 26 Insertion of Languages and Differential Semirings -- IV Models of Molecular Computing -- 27 Molecular Structures -- 28 A Characterization of Non-Iterated Splicing with Regular Rules -- 29 Universal and Simple
Operations for Gene Assembly in Ciliates -- 30 Semi-Simple Splicing Systems -- 31 Writing By Methylation Proposed For Aqueous Computing -- 32 Context-Free Recombinations -- 33 Simplified Simple H Systems -- 34 On Some Forms of Splicing
-- 35 Time-Varying Distributed H-Systems of Degree 2 Generate All Recursively Enumerable Languages -- 36 On Membrane Computing Based on Splicing -- 37 Is Evolutionary Computation Using DNA Strands Feasible? -- 38 Splicing Systems Using
Merge and Separate Operations
ISBN:9789401596343
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Computer science , Artificial intelligence , Mathematical logic , Combinatorics , Computational linguistics , Mathematics , Mathematical Logic and Foundations , History of Science , Mathematics of Computing , Combinatorics , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Computational Linguistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401006743:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Plausible Neural Networks for Biological Modelling
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (262 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0674-3
Contents:I Fundamentals -- 1 Biological Evidence for Synapse Modification Relevant for Neural Network Modelling -- 2 What is Different with Spiking Neurons? -- 3 Recurrent Neural Networks: Properties and Models -- 4 A Derivation of the
Learning Rules for Dynamic Recurrent Neural Networks -- II Applications to Biology -- 5 Simulation of the Human Oculomotor Integrator Using a Dynamic Recurrent Neural Network -- 6 Pattern Segmentation in an Associative Network of
Spiking Neurons -- 7 Cortical Models for Movement Control -- 8 Implications of Activity Dependent Processes in Spinal Cord Circuits for the Development of Motor Control a Neural Network Model -- 9 Cortical Maps as Topology—Representing
Neural Networks Applied to Motor Control: Articulatory Speech Synthesis -- 10 Line and Edge Detection by Curvature—Adaptive Neural Networks -- 11 Path Planning and Obstacle Avoidance Using a Recurrent Neural Network
ISBN:9789401006743
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematical Modelling: Theory and Applications: 13
Keywords: Computer science , Neurosciences , Computer simulation , Evolutionary biology , System theory , Biomathematics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Computer Science , Simulation and Modeling , Neurosciences , Systems Theory, Control , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Evolutionary Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781475735161:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology
Author(s): Fred Brauer
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (417 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-3516-1
Contents:I Simple Single Species Models -- 1 Continuous Population Models -- 2 Discrete Population Models -- 3 Continuous Single-Species Population Models with Delays -- II Models for Interacting Species -- 4 Introduction and Mathematical
Preliminaries -- 5 Continuous Models for Two Interacting Populations -- 6 Harvesting in two-species models -- III Structured Populations Models -- 7 Basic Ideas of Mathematical Epidemiology -- 8 Models for Populations with Age
Structure -- Epilogue -- IV Appendix -- A Answers to Selected Exercises -- References
ISBN:9781475735161
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Texts in Applied Mathematics: 40
Keywords: Life sciences , Chemical engineering , Evolutionary biology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781475732474:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics An Introduction
Author(s): Warren J Ewens
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (476 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-3247-4
Contents:1 Probability Theory (i): One Random Variable -- 2 Probability Theory (ii): Many Random Variables -- 3 Statistics (i): An Introduction to Statistical Inference -- 4 Stochastic Processes (i): Poisson Processes and Markov Chains -- 5
The Analysis of One DNA Sequence -- 6 The Analysis of Multiple DNA or Protein Sequences -- 7 Stochastic Processes (ii): Random Walks -- 8 Statistics (ii): Classical Estimation and Hypothesis Testing -- 9 BLAST -- 10 Stochastic
Processes (iii): Markov Chains -- 11 Hidden Markov Models -- 12 Computationally Intensive Methods -- 13 Evolutionary Models -- 14 Phylogenetic Tree Estimation -- A Basic Notions in Biology -- B Mathematical Formulae and Results -- B.1
Numbers and Intervals -- B.2 Sets and Set Notation -- B.3 Factorials -- B.4 Binomial Coefficients -- B.5 The Binomial Theorem -- B.6 Permutations and Combinations -- B.7 Limits -- B.8 Asymptotics -- B.9 Stirling’s Approximation -- B.10
Entropy as Information -- B.11 Infinite Series -- B.12 Taylor Series -- B.13 Uniqueness of Taylor series -- B.14 Laurent Series -- B.15 Numerical Solutions of Equations -- B.16 Statistical Differentials -- B.17 The Gamma Function --
B.18 Proofs by Induction -- B.19 Linear Algebra and Matrices -- C Computational Aspects of the Binomial and Generalized Geometric Distribution Functions -- D BLAST: Sums of Normalized Scores -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9781475732474
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Statistics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Biomedicine general , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781461302551:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Steiner Trees in Industry
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (507 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0255-1
Contents:Steiner Minimum Trees in Uniform Orientation Metrics -- Genetic Algorithm Approaches to Solve Various Steiner Tree Problems -- Neural Network Approaches to Solve Various Steiner Tree Problems -- Steiner Tree Problems in VLSI Layout
Designs -- Polyhedral Approaches for the Steiner Tree Problem on Graphs -- The Perfect Phylogeny Problem -- Approximation Algorithms for the Steiner Tree Problem in Graphs -- A Proposed Experiment on Soap Film Solutions of Planar
Euclidean Steiner Trees -- SteinLib: An Updated Library on Steiner Tree Problems in Graphs -- Steiner Tree Based Distributed Multicast Routing in Networks -- On Cost Allocation in Steiner Tree Networks -- Steiner Trees and the Dynamic
Quadratic Assignment Problem -- Polynomial Time Algorithms for the Rectilinear Steiner Tree Problem -- Minimum Networks for Separating and Surrounding Objects -- A First Level Scatter Search Implementation for Solving the Steiner Ring
Problem in Telecommunications Network Design -- The Rectilinear Steiner Tree Problem: A Tutorial
ISBN:9781461302551
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Combinatorial Optimization: 11
Keywords: Computer science , Computer communication systems , Computers , Computer-aided engineering , Evolutionary biology , Electrical engineering , Computer Science , Computer Communication Networks , Computer-Aided Engineering (CAD, CAE) and Design , Electrical Engineering , Theory of Computation , Evolutionary Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401142977:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomical Origins of Life Steps Towards Panspermia
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (381 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4297-7
Contents:Panspermia 2000 -- 1. General Considerations -- On a Possibly Fundamental Principle in Chemistry as Viewed in a Cosmogonic Context -- Biological Activity in the Early Solar System in its Outer Regions -- An Object within a Particle of
Extraterrestrial Origin Compared with an Object of Presumed Terrestrial Origin -- The Viability with Respect to Temperature of Micro-Organisms Incident on the Earth’s Atmosphere -- A Laboratory Experiment with Relevance to the Survival
of Micro-Organisms Entering a Planetary Atmosphere -- Biological Evolution -- Metallic Particles in Astronomy -- The Universe and Life: Deductions from the Weak Anthropic Principle -- Miller-Urey Synthesis in the Nuclei of Galaxies --
2. Cosmic Organic Polymers -- Formaldehyde Polymers in Interstellar Space -- Formaldehyde Polymers in Comets -- Composition of Cometary Dust: the Case against Silicates -- Primitive Grain Clumps and Organic Compounds in Carbonaceous
Chondrites -- Spectroscopic Evidence for Interstellar Grain Clumps in Meteoritic Inclusions -- Calculations of Infrared Fluxes from Galactic Sources for a Polysaccharide Grain Model -- 3. Cosmic Micro-Organisms: Infrared
Characterisation -- Infrared Spectroscopy of Micro-Organisms Near 3.4 ?m in Relation to Geology and Astronomy -- Infrared Spectroscopy over the 2.9-3.9 ?m Waveband in Biochemistry and Astronomy -- 2.8-3.6 ?m Spectra of Micro-Organisms
with Varying H2O Ice-Content -- Organo-Siliceous Biomolecules and the Infrared Spectrum of the Trapezium Nebula -- The Spectroscopic Identification of Interstellar Grains -- The Availability of Phosphorus in the Bacterial Model of the
Interstellar Grains -- Diatoms on Earth, Comets, Europa an. i. Interstellar Space -- A Diatom Model of Dust in the Trapezium Nebula -- Infrared Evidence for Panspermia: An Update -- 4. Evidence from Interstellar Extinction -- On the
Nature of Interstellar Grains -- A Model for Interstellar Extinction -- The Ultraviolet Absorbance of Presumably Interstellar Bacteria and Related Matters -- The Case against Graphite Particles in Interstellar Space -- 5. Biogenic
Aromatic Molecules in Space -- Organic Molecules in Interstellar Dust: A Possible Spectral Signature at ?.2200Å? -- Identification of the ? 2 200 Å Interstellar Absorption Feature -- A Unified Model for the 3.28 ? Emission and the 2200
Å Interstellar Extinction Feature -- Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Very Small Interstellar Grains -- An Integrated 2.5-12.5 ?m Emission Spectrum of Naturally-Occurring Aromatic Molecules -- Biofluorescence and the Extended Red Emission in
Astrophysical Sources -- 6. Comets and Life -- Comets, Ice Ages, and Ecological Catastrophes -- Comets - A Vehicle for Panspermia -- Some Predictions on the Nature of Comet Halley -- A Model of the 2-1 ?m Spectrum of Comet Halley --
Modelling the 5-30 ?ectrum of Comet Halley -- Very Small Dust Particles (VSDP’met C/19962 B2 (Hyakutake) -- The Astonishing Redness of Kuiper-Belt Objects -- Eruptions of Comet Hale-Bopp at 6.5 AU -- Infrared Radiation from Comet
Hale-Bopp
ISBN:9789401142977
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Evolutionary biology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Evolutionary Biology , Microbial Ecology , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642597510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Traffic and Granular Flow ’99 Social, Traffic, and Granular Dynamics
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (522 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-59751-0
Contents:Foreword -- Preface -- List of Participants -- Social Dynamics -- Recurrence in Physical and Social Systems -- Econophysics: What Can Physicists Contribute to Economics? -- Catastrophe Effects and Optimal Extensions of Transportation
Flows in the Developing Urban System: A Review -- Evolutionary Models of Innovation Dynamics -- Universality of Group Decision Making -- Formation of Opinions under the Influence of Competing Agents -a Mean Field Approach -- Search for
Intelligence by Motion Analysis -) -- Anticipatory Traffic Forecast Using Multi-Agent Techniques -- Modal Split and Social Dilemmas -- Synthetising Brillouin Information-Thermodynamic Approach with the Social Synergetics Weidlich-Haag
Model -- Biology, Internet, Transport Theory -- Evolution of Molecular Phenotypes - A Physicist’s View of Darwin’s Principle -- Stochastic Resonance and Brownian Machinery: New Results -New Applications - New Goals -- Studies of
Bacterial Cooperative Organization -- Collective Motion and Optimal Self-Organisation in Self-Driven Systems -- Active Brownian Particles with Internal Energy Depot -- Associative Memory of a Pulse-Coupled Noisy Neural Network with
Delays: The Lighthouse Model -- Application of Neural Networks for Predictive and Control Purposes -- Optimizing Traffic in Virtual and Real Space -- Is Boltzmann’s Equation Physically Insufficient? -- Fractional Evolution Equations
and Irreversibility -- Dynamical Theory of Steady State Selection in Open Driven Diffusive Systems -- Application of a Deterministic Scheme for the Boltzmann Equation in Modelling Shock Wave Focusing -- Nonlinear Waves and Moving
Clusters on Rings -- Freezing by Heating in a Pedestrian Model -- Traffic Data and Applications -- Phase Transitions in Traffic Flow -- An Integrated Model of Transport and Urban Evolution (ITEM) -Traffic and City Development in
Emergent Nations -- Statistical Analysis of Freeway Traffic -- Nonlinear Control of Stop-and-Go Traffic -- Online Simulation and State Estimation for a Traffic Flow Model -- Traffic News by Dynamic Fuzzy Classification -- Evaluation of
Single Vehicle Data in Dependence of the Vehicle-Type, Lane, and Site -- Forecasting of Traffic Congestion -- Empirical Phase Diagram of Traffic Flow on Highways with On-Ramp -- On-Line Simulation of the Freeway Network of North
Rhine-Westphalia -- Traffic Data Collection Using Image Processing Technology -- Modelling of Traffic Flow -- Microscopic Simulation of Congested Traffic -- Order Parameter as an Additional State Variable of Unstable Traffic Flow --
Macroscopic Simulation of Open Systems and Micro-Macro Link -- Relating Car-Following and Continuum Models of Road Traffic -- Microscopic Randomness in Foliow-the-Leader Dynamics -- “Car-SPH”: A Lagrangian Particle Scheme for the
Solution of the Macroscopic Traffic Flow Equations -- An Exactly Solvable Two-Way Traffic Model with Ordered Sequential Update -- Exact Traveling Cluster Solutions of Differential Equations with Delay for a Traffic Flow Model -- Stable
and Metastable States in Congested Traffic -- Detailed Microscopic Rules to Simulate Multilane Freeway Traffic -- CA Models for Traffic Flow: Comparison with Empirical Single-Vehicle Data -- A New Cellular Automata Model for City
Traffic -- Stochastic Boundary Conditions in the Nagel-Schreckenberg Traffic Model -- A Stochastic Multi-Cluster Model of Freeway Traffic -- Granular Dynamics -- Jamming Patterns and Blockade Statistics in Model Granular Flows --
Kinetics of Granular Gases -- Particle Segregation in the Context of the Species Momentum Balances -- Avalanche Parameters: Dependence on the Size of the Granular Packing -- Ripple Formation in a Saltation-Avalanche Model -- Particle
Diffusion and Segregation in Rotating Cylinders -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Cohesive Granular Materials -- A Model for Slowly Moving Granular Matter -- Pressure Distribution of a Two-Dimensional Sandpile
ISBN:9783642597510
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Condensed matter , Automotive engineering , Environmental sciences , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Automotive Engineering , Math. Appl. in Environmental Science , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642572807:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Classification and Information Processing at the Turn of the Millennium Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V., University of Bielefeld, March 10–12, 1999
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (492 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57280-7
Contents:1: Data Analysis and Classification -- New Developments in Latent Variable Models -- Regression-Type Models for Kohonen’s Self-Organizing Networks -- Relational Data Analysis, Discrimination and Classification -- Data Types and
Information: Beyond the Current Practice of Data Analysis -- Two-Mode Three-Way Asymmetric Multidimensional Scaling with Constraints on Asymmetry -- Regularized Discriminant Analysis with Optimally Scaled Data -- Recurrence Properties
in Two-Mode Hierarchical Clustering -- On Pyramidal Classification in the Delimitation of Climatic Regions in Catalonia -- On the Modal Understanding of Triadic Contexts -- Clustering and Scaling: Grouping Variables in Burt Matrices --
Standardisation of Data Set under Different Measurement Scales -- Neural Networks for Two-Group Classification Problems with Monotonicity Hints -- A Bridge from the Nearest Neighbour to the Fixed Bandwidth in Nonparametric Functional
Estimation -- Clustering Techniques for the Detection of Business Cycles -- Simulated Annealing Optimization for Two-mode Partitioning -- 2: Computer Science, Computational Statistics, and Data Mining -- Competitiveness of Evolutionary
Algorithms -- Intelligent Data Analysis via Linguistic Data Summaries: A Fuzzy Logic Approach -- Algorithm Selection Support for Classification -- Society of Knowledge — Interdisciplinary Perspectives of Information Processing in
Virtual Networks -- What is Computational Statistics? -- A Development Framework for Nature Analogic Heuristics -- Systematizing and Evaluating Data Mining Methods -- On Textures: A Sketch of a Texture-Based Image Segmentation Approach
-- Automatic Texture Classification by Visual Properties -- Java Servlets versus CGI — Implications for Remote Data Analysis -- Generating Automatically Local Feature Groups of Complex and Deformed Objects -- Decision Tree Construction
by Association Rules -- Learning Complex Similarity Measures -- Graphical Programming in Statistics: The XGPL Prototype -- 3: Management Science, Marketing, and Finance -- Measuring Brand Loyalty on the Individual Level: a Comparative
Study -- Facility Location Planning with Qualitative Location Factors -- Testing the Multinomial Logit Model -- Time Optimal Portfolio Selection: Mean-variance-efficient Sets for Arithmetic and Geometric Brownian Price Processes --
Analyzing Multigroup Data with Structural Equation Models -- Validity of Customized and Adaptive Hybrid Conjoint Analysis -- Analysis of the Assessments of One’s Values Among Different Cohorts in Age and Sex by Multidimensional Scaling
-- Impacts of Hedging with Futures on Optimal Production Levels -- How to Integrate Stock Price Jumps into Portfolio Selection -- A Multivariate GARCH-M Model for Exchange Rates in the US, Germany and Japan -- A Model for Constructing
Quadratic Objective Functions and its Applications to Price Adjustments -- 4: Biology, Genome Analysis, and Medicine -- Phylogeny Inference by Minimum Conflict -- Detecting Change-Points in Aircraft Noise Effects -- A Generalized
Estimating Equations Approach to Quantifying the Influence of Meteorological Conditions on Hand Dermatitis -- Discrimination in Paired Data Situations -- Classification of Multidimensional Visual Field Data for Glaucoma Diagnosis --
Quality of Life of Cancer Patients: A Multi-set Analysis -- A New Approach on Nonparametric Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance -- 5: Text Analysis and Information Retrieval -- GERHARD (German Harvest Automated Retrieval and
Directory) -- Automatic Labelling of References for Internet Information Systems -- Architecture and Retrieval Methods of a Search Assistant for Scientific Libraries -- Computer Aided Evaluations of Linguistic Atlases: Prom Automatic
Classification to Dialectometry -- Structured Phrases for Indexing and Retrieval of Research Topics -- Author and Subject Index
ISBN:9783642572807
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Computer science , Information technology , Business , Data structures (Computer science) , Probabilities , Statistics , Econometrics , Computer Science , Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory , Econometrics , IT in Business , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781475732184:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization in Computational Chemistry and Molecular Biology Local and Global Approaches
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (342 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-3218-4
Contents:Predicting Protein Tertiary Structure using a Global Optimization Algorithm with Smoothing -- Methodology for Elucidating the Folding Dynamics of Peptides: Met-enkephalin Case Study -- Energy Landscape Projections of Molecular
Potential Functions -- Global Optimization and Sampling in the Context of Tertiary Structure Prediction: A Comparison of Two Algorithms -- Protein Folding Simulations by Monte Carlo Simulated Annealing and Multicanonical Algorithm --
Thermodynamics of Protein Folding — The Generalized-Ensemble Approach -- An approach to detect the dominant folds of proteinlike heteropolymers from the statistics of a homopolymeric chain -- Gene Sequences are Locally Optimized for
Global mRNA Folding -- Structure Calculations of Symmetric Dimers using Molecular Dynamics/Simulated Annealing and NMR Restraints: The Case of the RII? Subunit of Protein Kinase A -- Structure Prediction of Binding Sites of MHC Class
II Molecules based on the Crystal of HLA-DRB1 and Global Optimization -- A Coupled Scanning and Optimization Scheme for Analyzing Molecular Interactions -- Improved Evolutionary Hybrids for Flexible Ligand Docking in AutoDock --
Electrostatic Optimization in Ligand Complementarity and Design -- Exploring potential solvation sites of proteins by multistart local minimization -- On relative position of two biopolymer molecules minimizing the weighted sum of
interatomic distances squared -- Visualization of Chemical Databases Using the Singular Value Decomposition and Truncated-Newton Minimization -- Optimization of Carbon and Silicon Cluster Geometry for Tersoff Potential using
Differential Evolution -- D.C. Programming Approach for Large-Scale Molecular Optimization via the General Distance Geometry Problem
ISBN:9781475732184
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications: 40
Keywords: Computer science , Software engineering , Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Algorithms , Mathematical models , Mathematical optimization , Computer Science , Software Engineering/Programming and Operating Systems , Optimization , Applications of Mathematics , Algorithms , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401148245:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Finslerian Diffusion with Applications
Author(s): P. L Antonelli
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (205 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4824-5
Contents:1 Finsler Spaces -- 1.1 The Tangent and Cotangent Bundle -- 1.2 Fiber Bundles -- 1.3 Frame Bundles and Linear Connections -- 1.4 Tensor Fields -- 1.5 Linear Connections -- 1.6 Torsion and Curvature of a Linear Connection -- 1.7
Parallelism -- 1.8 The Levi-Cività Connection on a Riemannian Manifold -- 1.9 Geodesics, Stability and the Orthonormal Frame Bundle -- 1.10 Finsler Space and Metric -- 1.11 Finsler Tensor Fields -- 1.12 Nonlinear Connections -- 1.13
Affine Connections on the Finsler Bundle -- 1.14 Finsler Connections -- 1.15 Torsions and Curvatures of a Finsler Connection -- 1.16 Metrical Finsler Connections. The Cartan Connection -- 2 Introduction to Stochastic Calculus on
Manifolds -- 2.1 Preliminaries -- 2.2 Itô’s Stochastic Integral -- 2.3 Ito Processes. Itô Formula -- 2.4 Stratonovich Integrals -- 2.5 Stochastic Differential Equations on Manifolds -- 3 Stochastic Development on Finsler Spaces -- 3.1
Riemannian Stochastic Development -- 3.2 Rolling Finsler Manifolds Along Smooth Curves and Diffusions -- 3.3 Finslerian Stochastic Development -- 3.4 Radial Behaviour -- 4 Volterra-Hamilton Systems of Finsler -- 4.1 Berwald Connections
and Berwald Spaces -- 4.2 Volterra-Hamilton Systems and Ecology -- 4.3 Wagnerian Geometry and Volterra-Hamilton Systems -- 4.4 Random Perturbations of Finslerian Volterra-Hamilton Systems -- 4.5 Random Perturbations of Riemannian
Volterra-Hamilton Systems -- 4.6 Noise in Conformally Minkowski Systems -- 4.7 Canalization of Growth and Development with Noise -- 4.8 Noisy Systems in Chemical Ecology and Epidemiology -- 4.9 Riemannian Nonlinear Filtering -- 4.10
Conformai Signals and Geometry of Filters -- 4.11 Riemannian Filtering of Starfish Predation -- 5 Finslerian Diffusion and Curvature -- 5.1 Cartan’s Lemma in Berwald Spaces -- 5.2 Quadratic Dispersion -- 5.3 Finslerian Development and
Curvature -- 5.4 Finsleriam Filtering and Quadratic Dispersion -- 5.5 Entropy Production and Quadratic Dispersion -- 6 Diffusion on the Tangent and Indicatrix Bundles -- 6.1 Slit Tangent Bundle as Riemannian Manifold -- 6.2
hv-Development as Riemannian Development with Drift -- 6.3 Indicatrized Finslerian Stochastic Development -- 6.4 Indicatrized hv-Development Viewed as Riemannian -- A Diffusion and Laplacian on the Base Space -- A.1 Finslerian
Isotropic Transport Process -- A.2 Central Limit Theorem -- A.3 Laplacian, Harmonic Forms and Hodge Decomposition -- B Two-Dimensional Constant Berwald Spaces -- B.1 Berwald’s Famous Theorem -- B.2 Standard Coordinate Representation
ISBN:9789401148245
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : 101
Keywords: Life sciences , Evolutionary biology , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Manifolds (Mathematics) , Differential geometry , Probabilities , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Differential Geometry , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Global Analysis and Analysis on Manifolds
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461214809:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rational Drug Design
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (213 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1480-9
Contents:Panel Discussions -- Important current problems in drug design that may be computationally tractable -- New problems that should be addressed in the next ten years -- Molecular Properties -- Matching of chemical and biological
structures using subgraph and maximal common subgraph isomorphism algorithms -- Molecular similarity -- Modeling the effect of solvation on structure, reactivity, and partitioning of organic solutes: Utility in drug design --
Cell-based methods for sampling in high-dimensional spaces -- A preliminary multiobjective analysis of the chemotherapeutic benefits of hairpin-linked polyamides -- Receptor-Based Modeling -- Using structural information for the
creative design of molecules -- GrowMol, a de novo computer program, and its application to thermolysin and pepsin: Results of the design and synthesis of a novel inhibitor -- Deducing objective site models by mixed integer programming
-- Numerical Methods -- Molecular dynamics information extraction -- Ionic charging free energies using Ewald summation -- Genetic function approximation: Evolutionary construction of novel, interpretable, nonlinear models of
experimental data -- Applications of distributed computing to conformational searches
ISBN:9781461214809
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 108
Keywords: Mathematics , Numerical analysis , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Numerical Analysis , Mathematical and Computational Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9789401709286:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biophotons
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (414 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-0928-6
Contents:Photophysical reactions in cells -- Weak light emission from bacteria and their interaction with culture media -- Biophotons and defense response in plants -- Experimental examination on the possible optical interaction between two
separate cell populations -- Luminometry in cellular stress research -- UV-induced DNA damage and repair: A powerful light trapping system in DNA in order to convert light energy into biochemical signals -- The photon count statistic
study on the photon emission from biological systems using a new coincidence counting system -- Weak photon emission of non-linear chemical reactions of amino acids and sugars in aqueous solutions -- Coherence and biophoton emission as
investigated on Acetabularia Acetabulum -- Biophoton emission from developing eggs and embryos: Non-linearity, wholistic properties and indications of energy transfer -- Measuring weak light signals not far from the noise level --
Measurement of low-level emission under lab conditions -- Whole-body counting of biophotons and its relation to biological rhythms -- Fluorescence imaging technique for detection of human melanoma -- Electro-luminescence and its
application -- Biological organization: a possible mechanism based on the coherence of “biophotons” -- Do we always need to know molecular origin of light emitted by living systems? -- The physical background and the informational
character of biophoton emission -- Photon emission of cereal seeds, “biophotons” as a measure of germinative ability and vigour -- Biophotons and nonclassical light -- Coherent nature of biophotons: experimental evidence and
phenomenological model -- Quantum coherence and the understanding of life -- The concepts of coherence and “binding problem” as applied to life and consciousness realms -- Holism and field theories in biology -- Coherence in art and in
the physical basis of consciousness -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401709286
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Evolutionary biology , Biophysics , Biological physics , Environmental engineering , Biotechnology , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Evolutionary Biology , Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9789401152822:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Theory of Finslerian Laplacians and Applications
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-5282-2
Contents:Section I. Finsler Laplacians in Application -- to Diffusions on Finsler Manifolds -- Density Dependent Host/Parasite Systems of Rothschild Type and Finslerian Diffusion -- Stochastic Finsler Geometry in the Theory of Evolution by
Symbiosis -- Section II. Stochastic Analysis and Brownian Motion -- Diffusions on Finsler Manifolds -- Stochastic Calculus on Finsler Manifolds and an Application in Biology -- Diffusion on the Tangent and Indicatrix Bundles of a
Finsler Manifold -- Section III. Stochastic Lagrange Geometry -- Diffusion on the Total Space of a Vector Bundle -- Diffusions and Laplacians on Lagrange Manifolds -- ?-Lagrange Laplacians -- Section IV. Mean-Value Properties of
Harmonic Functions -- Diffusion, Laplacian and Hodge Decomposition on Finsler Spaces -- A Mean-Value Laplacian for Finsler Spaces -- Section V. Analytical Constructions -- The Non-Linear Laplacian for Finsler Manifolds -- A Bochner
Vanishing Theorem for Elliptic Complices -- A Lichnerowicz Vanishing Theorem for Finsler Spaces -- A Geometric Inequality and a Weitzenböck Formula for Finsler Surfaces -- Spinors on Finsler Spaces
ISBN:9789401152822
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematics and Its Applications : 459
Keywords: Mathematics , Evolutionary biology , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Manifolds (Mathematics) , Mathematical models , Differential geometry , Number theory , Probabilities , Mathematics , Number Theory , Global Analysis and Analysis on Manifolds , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Differential Geometry , Evolutionary Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783540696810:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Perspective Look at Nonlinear Media From Physics to Biology and Social Sciences
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (376 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104950
Contents:Quantum chaos in Rydberg atoms -- Crystallization of electrons and holes -- Natural patterns in nonequilibrium systems -- Linear aspects of the Faraday instability -- On curved cellular flames -- Nonlinear flow behavior and
shear-induced structure of fluids -- Experimental study of horizontally shaken granular matter — The swelling effect -- On relaxational granular compaction -- From microscopic to macroscopic traffic models -- The modelling concept of
sociodynamics -- The morphogenesis of dictyostelium discoideum — Pattern formation in a biological excitable system -- Path optimization in chemical and biological systems on the basis of excitation waves -- BSE viewed dynamically: A
possible early cure based on passive immunization against PrPSc -- Molecular semiotic structures in the cellular immune system: Key to dynamics and spatial patterning? -- Molecular evolutionary dynamics -- The retinal spreading
depression: A model for nonlinear behavior of the brain -- An analytically solvable model of collective excitation patterns in cortical tissue -- Interaction of meandering spiral waves in active media -- Spatiotemporal patterns in a
passivating electrochemical system -- Instabilities of pollutant concentrations in the troposphere due to chemical reactions -- Hydrodynamic singularities -- Disordered structures analyzed by the theory of Markov processes --
Transition to turbulence in shear flows -- Deformation of charge density waves in quasi-one-dimensional semiconductors visualized by scanning electron microscopy -- Probing nonlinear carrier transport in semi- and superconductors via
low-temperature scanning laser microscopy -- Nonlinear spatio-temporal emission dynamics of broad area laser diodes -- Gravitational slowing down of clocks implies proportional size increase
ISBN:9783540696810
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 503
Keywords: Physics , Immunology , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Condensed matter , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Biochemistry, general , Immunology , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781475727395:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Genetic Analysis
Author(s): Kenneth Lange
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (265 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-2739-5
Contents:1 Basic Principles of Population Genetics -- 2 Counting Methods and the EM Algorithm -- 3 Newton’s Method and Scoring -- 4 Hypothesis Testing and Categorical Data -- 5 Genetic Identity Coefficients -- 6 Applications of Identity
Coefficients -- 7 Computation of Mendelian Likelihoods -- 8 The Polygenic Model -- 9 Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods -- 10 Reconstruction of Evolutionary Trees -- 11 Radiation Hybrid Mapping -- 12 Models of Recombination -- 13 Poisson
Approximation -- Appendix: Molecular Genetics in Brief -- A.l Genes and Chromosomes -- A.2 From Gene to Protein -- A.3 Manipulating DNA -- A.4 Mapping Strategies -- References
ISBN:9781475727395
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Human genetics , Biomathematics , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Human Genetics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461206996:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modelling Longitudinal and Spatially Correlated Data
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (402 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0699-6
Contents:Generalized Linear Models -- Linear Models, Vector Spaces, and Residual Likelihood -- An Assessment of Approximate Maximum Likelihood Estimators in Generalized Linear Models -- Scaled Link Functions for Heterogeneous Ordinal Response
Data -- Longitudinal Data Analysis -- Software Design for Longitudinal Data Analysis -- Asymptotic Properties of Nonlinear Mized—Effects Models -- Structured Antedependence Models for Longitudinal Data -- Effect of Confounding and
Other Misspecification in Models for Longitudinal Data -- The Linear Mixed Model. A Critical Investigation in the Context of Longitudinal Data -- Modelling the Order of Disability Events in Activities of Daily Living Using Discrete
Longitudinal Data -- Estimation of Subject Means in Fixed and Mixed Models with Application to Longitudinal Data -- Modeling Toxicological Multivariate Mortality Data: a Bayesian Perspective -- Comparison of Methods for General
Nonlinear Mixed-Effects Models -- Repeated Measures Analysis Using Mixed Models: Some Simulation Results -- Spatial Data Analysis -- Object Identification Using Markov Random Field Segmentation Models at Multiple Resolutions of a
Rectangular Lattice -- Comparison of Some Sampling Designs for Spatially Clustered Populations -- Using Geostatistical Techniques to Map the Distribution of Tree Species from Ground Inventory Data -- Global Analysis of Ozone Data Based
on Spherical Splines -- Bounded Influence Estimation in a Spatial Linear Mixed Model -- Spatial Correlation Models as Applied to Evolutionary Biology -- Rainfall Modelling Using a Latent Guassian Variable -- Estimation of Individual
Exposure Following a Chemical Spill in Superior, Wisconsin -- Flexible Response Surface Methods via Spatial Regression and EBLUPS -- Robust Semivariogram Estimation in the Presence of Influential Spatial Data Values -- Modelling
Spatio-Temporal Processes -- Elephant Seal Movements: Dive Types and Their Sequences -- Models for Continuous Stationary Space-time Processes -- A Comparison of Two Spatio-temporal Semivariograms with Use in Agriculture -- Structuring
Correlation Within Hierarchical Spatio-temporal Models for Disease Rates -- Modelling Messy Data -- Generalized Linear Mixed Measurement Error Models: -- Calculating the Appropriate Information Matrix for Log-linear Models When Data
Are Missing at Random -- Nonparametric Regression in the Presence of Correlated Errors -- Exploratory Modelling of Multiple Non-Stationary Time Series: Latent Process Structure and Decompositions -- Modelling Correlations Between
Diagnostic Tests in Efficacy Studies With an Imperfect Reference Test -- Special Topics and Future Directions -- Combining Standard Block Analyses with Spatial Analyses Under a Random Effects Model -- Spatial and Longitudinal Data
Analysis: Two Histories with a Common Future?
ISBN:9781461206996
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 122
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical models , Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783662125304:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Molecular Evolution
Author(s): Vadim A Ratner
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (434 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-12530-4
Contents:1. Introduction: Approaches and Problems -- 2. Dynamic Properties of Self-Reproducing Molecular Systems: Theoretical Analysis -- 3. The Origin and Evolution of the Genetic Coding-System -- 4. Methods for Studying the Evolution of
Macromolecules -- 5. Theoretical Analysis of the Evolution of Genes and Proteins -- 6. The Structural Organization and Evolution of Macromolecules -- 7. The Principles of the Origin and Evolution of Genomes -- 8. Genosystematics --
Addendum -- Conclusion -- References -- References — Addendum
ISBN:9783662125304
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Biomathematics: 24
Keywords: Life sciences , Cell biology , Evolutionary biology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Cell Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642787881:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution
Author(s): Mikhail V Volkenstein
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (399 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-78788-1
Contents:I Biological Evolution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evolutionary Methods -- 3. Directionality of Evolution -- 4. Adaptation -- II Molecular Basis of Evolution -- 5. Proteins -- 6. Neutrality of Point Mutations -- 7. The Molecular Drive --
III Physics of Biological Evolution -- 8. Physical Theory of Molecular Evolution -- 9. Chaos and Order in Evolution -- 10. Informational Aspects of Evolution -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642787881
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Biochemistry , Cell biology , Zoology , Atoms , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Cell Biology , Biochemistry, general , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Zoology , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642501241:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers in Mathematical Biology
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (633 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-50124-1
Contents:I. Frontiers in Cell and Molecular Biology -- Reflections on Mathematical Contributions to Understanding the Molecular Basis of Life From 1970 to the 21 st Century -- Genomes, Maps and Sequences -- Cell Protrusions -- Cell Motion and
Orientation: Theories of Elementary Behavior Between Environmental Stimulation and Autopoietic Regulation -- II. Frontiers in Organismal Biology -- Pattern Formation in Tissue Interaction Models -- Toward Artificial Competence --
Norbert Wiener’s Brain Waves -- Puzzles About Excitable Media and Sudden Death -- Immune Networks and Immune Responses -- III. Frontiers in Evolutionary Biology -- Evolution of Gene Families: A Clue to Some Problems of Neo-Darwinism --
The Changing Role of Population Genetics Theory -- Some Advantages and Disadvantages of Recombination -- The Morphometric Synthesis: A Brief Intellectual History -- Behavioral Ecology, Epidemiology and Population Genetics: The
Undiscovered Country -- IV. Frontiers in Population Ecology -- Stochastic Demography and Life Histories -- On the Reciprocal Relationship Between Life Histories and Population Dynamics -- Structured Population Dynamics -- Modelling
Social Animal Aggregations -- Spatial Chaos and its Role in Ecology and Evolution -- V Frontiers in Community and Ecosystem Ecology -- Speculations on the Future of Food Webs -- Lorenzo Camerano’s Contribution to Early Food Web Theory
-- On the Equilibrium of Living Beings by Means of Reciprocal Destruction -- Frontiers in Ecosystem Science -- Individual-Oriented Approaches to Modeling Ecological Populations and Communities -- A Metaphysiological Approach to
Modeling Ecological Populations and Communities -- The Trophodynamics of Whole Ecological Communities -- Modeling Contact Structures in Biology -- VI. Frontiers in Applied Biology -- Conservation and Spatial Structure: Theoretical
Approaches -- A Thousand and One Epidemic Models -- Uncertainty and Fisheries Management -- Ecological Risk Assessment in Aquatic Populations and Communities: The Next Generation -- VII. Mathematical Challenges -- Health Information in
Developing Countries -- What Everyone Should Know About the Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction -- Avoiding Chaos -- Model Building as an Inverse Problem in Biomathematics -- Some Remarks on Estimation Techniques for Size-Structured
Population Models
ISBN:9783642501241
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 100
Keywords: Mathematics , Biochemistry , Cell biology , Ecology , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Cell Biology , Biochemistry, general , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642468087:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Information Systems and Data Analysis Prospects — Foundations — Applications
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (463 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-46808-7
Contents:I: Information Processing, Classification-Based Approaches, Linguistic and Conceptual Analysis -- Learning and Case-Based Reasoning -- Induction and Case-Based Reasoning for Classification Tasks -- Symbolic Learning and
Nearest-Neighbor Classification -- Nonstandard Concepts of Similarity in Case-Based Reasoning -- Learning from Cases for Classification Problem Solving -- Approaches Based on Linguistic Analysis -- Methods of Phoneticizing in Regard to
Spelling Variants of Medical Phrases -- Disambiguating Lexical Meaning: Conceptual meta-modelling as a means of controlling semantic language analysis -- Information Retrieval Using Conceptual Representations of Phrases -- Information
Processing and Design of Information Systems -- Communication in Distributed Heterogenous Systems -- Prerequisites and Development Perspectives for Information Processing in the Social Sciences -- Aspects of Coupling Logic Programming
and Databases -- Processing Scientific Networks in Bibliographic Databases -- Object-Oriented Systems Analysis Applied to the Method Component of a Knowledge-Based System for Data Analysis -- Classification Based Query Evaluation in
Knowledge Base Systems -- Uncertainity and Neural Networks -- Neural Networks: Architectures, Learning and Performance -- Reasoning with Uncertainty in Diagnostic Systems -- Conceptual Approaches -- Der klassische und der moderne
Begriff des Begriffs. Gedanken zur Geschichte der Begriffsbildung in den exakten Wissenschaften -- Ideas of Algebraic Concept Analysis -- Conceptual Structures in Mathematical Logic and Their Formal Representation -- II: Mathematical
and Statistical Methods for Classification and Data Analysis -- Clustering and Discrimination -- Three-Mode Hierarchical Cluster Analysis of Three-Way Three-Mode Data -- The Testing of Data Structures with Graph-Theoretical Models --
Geometric Approach to Evaluating Probabilities of Correct Classification into two Gaussian or Spherical Categories -- Jackknife Estimates of Similarity Coefficients Obtained from Quadrat Sampling of Species -- Clustering Techniques in
the Computing Environment XploRe -- On the Application of Discriminant Analysis in Medical Diagnostics -- Similarity Searching in Databases of Three-Dimensional Chemical Structures -- Feature Generation and Classification of Time
Series -- Data Analysis Methods -- TRIPAT: a Model for Analyzing Three-Mode Binary Data -- Block-relaxation Algorithms in Statistics -- Multidimensional Scaling with lp-Distances, a Unifying Approach -- Universal Optimality of Rank
Constrained Matrix Approximation -- The Analysis of Spatial Data from Marine Ecosystems -- Automatic Decomposition of Lattice Data including Missing Values and Boundaries -- III: Genome and Molecular Sequence Analysis -- Classification
and Data Analysis in Genome Projects: Some Aspects of Mapping, Alignment and Tree Reconstruction -- Multiple Alignment of Protein Sequences and Construction of Evolutionary Trees based on Amino Acid Properties — an Algebraic Approach
-- How to Deal With Third Codon Positions in Phylogenetic Analysis -- Machine Learning for Protein Structure Prediction -- A Parallel-Processor Implementation of an Algorithm to Delineate Distantly Related Protein Sequences using
Conserved Motifs and Neural Networks -- IV: Applied Data Analysis in Special Fields -- Economy and Marketing -- Knowledge-Based Selection and Application of Quantitative Models of Consumer Behavior -- Goodwill towards Domestic Products
as Segmentation Criterion: An Empirical Study within the Scope of Research on Country-of-Origin Effects -- Archeology -- Merovingian Glass Beads: An Essay of Classification -- Screening in Medicine -- Statistical Measures to Quantify
the Benefit from Screening: a Case Study on Cholesterol Screening -- Evaluation of Screening in Case-Control Studies: an Alternative to Randomized Controlled Trials? -- List of Authors
ISBN:9783642468087
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Health informatics , Computer science , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Probabilities , Statistics , Economic theory , Economics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Mathematics of Computing , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance , Health Informatics , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783034885010:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fractals in Biology and Medicine
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (397 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8501-0
Contents:Preface: Summary of the Symposium -- The Significance of Fractals for Biology and Medicine. An Introduction and Summary -- Fractal Geometry and Biomedical Sciences7 -- A Fractal’s Lacunarity, and how it can be Tuned and Measured --
Spatial and Temporal Fractal Patterns in Cell and Molecular Biology -- Chaos, Noise and Biological Data -- Fractal Landscapes in Physiology & Medicine: Long-Range Correlations in DNA Sequences and Heart Rate Intervals -- Fractals in
Biological Design and Morphogenesis -- Design of Biological Organisms and Fractal Geometry -- Fractal and Non-Fractal Growth of Biological Cell Systems -- Evolutionary Meaning, Functions and Morphogenesis of Branching Structures in
Biology -- Relationship Between the Branching Pattern of Airways and the Spatial Arrangement of Pulmonary Acini — A Re-Examination from a Fractal Point of View -- Multivariate Characterization of Blood Vessel Morphogenesis in the Avian
Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM): Cell Proliferation, Length Density and Fractal Dimension -- Phyllotaxis or Self-Similarity in Plant Morphogenesis -- Fractals in Molecular and Cell Biology -- Evolutionary Interplay Between Spontaneous
Mutation and Selection: Aleatoric Contributions of Molecular Reaction Mechanisms -- Error Propagation Theory of Chemically Solid Phase Synthesized Oligonucleotides and DNA Sequences for Biomedical Application -- Fractional Relaxation
Equations for Protein Dynamics -- Measuring Fractal Dimensions of Cell Contours: Practical Approaches and their Limitations -- Fractal Properties of Pericellular Membrane from Lymphocytes and Leukemic Cells -- Cellular Sociology:
Parametrization of Spatial Relationships Based on Voronoi Diagram and Ulam Trees -- A Fractal Analysis of Morphological Differentiation of Spinal Cord Neurons in Cell Culture -- Fractal Dimensions and Dendritic Branching of Neurons in
the Somatosensory Thalamus -- Fractal Structure and Metabolic Functions -- Organisms as Open Systems -- Transfer to and across Irregular Membranes Modelled by Fractal Geometry -- Scaling and Active Surface of Fractal Membranes --
Structure Formation in Excitable Media -- Colony Morphology of the Fungus Aspergillus Oryzae -- Estimation of the Correlation Dimension of All-Night Sleep EEG Data with a Personal Super Computer -- Fractals in Pathology -- Changes in
Fractal Dimension of Trabecular Bone in Osteoporosis: A Preliminary Study -- Use of the Fractal Dimension to Characterize the Structure of Cancellous Bone in Radiographs of the Proximal Femur -- Distribution of Local-Connected Fractal
Dimension and the Degree of Liver Fattiness from Ultrasound -- Fractal Dimension as a Characterisation Parameter of Premalignant and Malignant Epithelial Lesions of the Floor of the Mouth -- Modelling -- Modelling HIV/AIDS Dynamics --
Morphological Diagnosis Turns from Gestalt to Geometry -- Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching Studied by Total Internal Reflection Microscopy: An Experimental System for Studies on Living Cells in Culture -- Anomalous Diffusion
and Angle-Dependency in the Theory of Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching -- List of Speakers -- List of Participants
ISBN:9783034885010
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Life sciences , Health informatics , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences , Health Informatics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642483943:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Exploitation of Evolving Resources Proceedings of an International Conference, held at Jülich, Germany, September 3–5, 1991
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (264 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-48394-3
Contents:I — Selection Differentials -- Fishing as a cause of evolution in fishes -- Selection differentials in male and female North Sea plaice and changes in maturation and fecundity -- Growth and fecundity changes in flatfish -- The effects
of fishing on the timing of maturity in North Sea cod (Gadus morhua L.) -- Influence of human activity on properties of Atlantic salmon populations -- II — Reaction Norms -- Norms of reaction in fishes -- Individual variation in
acquisition/allocation reaction norms -- Reaction norms for reproductive traits in brook trout and their influence on life history evolution affected by size-selective harvesting -- III — Selection Responses -- Trade-offs and genetic
correlations among life-history traits: theory and simulation -- The evolution of size and growth in harvested natural populations -- Cohort-structured populations, selection responses, and exploitation of the North Sea cod -- IV —
Management and Evolution -- Evolutionary stable optimal harvesting strategies -- Ecogenetic analysis and evolutionarily stable strategies in harvested populations -- Catastrophe-type regulation of pelagic fish stocks: adaptive
management for evolving resources -- Size-selective harvesting and age-at-maturity. I: some theoretical implications for management of evolving resources -- Size-selective harvesting and age-at-maturity. II: real populations and
management options -- Consequences of size-selective harvesting as an evolutionary game -- List of Participants
ISBN:9783642483943
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 99
Keywords: Life sciences , Applied ecology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Applied Ecology , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Environmental Monitoring/Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401124522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Deep-Sea Food Chains and the Global Carbon Cycle
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (400 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2
Contents:Bacterial Standing Stock and Consumption Of Organic Carbon in The Benthic Boundary Layer of The Abyssal North Atlantic -- Natural Bacterial Assemblages in Deep-Sea Sediments: Towards A Global View -- The Role of Deep-Sea Zooplankton
in Carbon Cycles -- Abundance and Biomass of Metazoan Meiobenthos in The Deep Sea -- The Role Of Benthic Foraminifera in Deep-Sea Food Webs and Carbon Cycling -- Possible Roles For Xenophyophores in Deep-Sea Carbon Cycling -- Foraging
of Scavenging Deep-Sea Lysianassoid Amphipods -- Deep-Sea Epibenthic Megafauna of The Northeast Atlantic: Abundance And Biomass At Three Mid-Oceanic Locations Estimated From Photographic Transects -- South Aegean (Eastern
Mediterranean) Continental Slope Benthos: Macroinfaunal-Environmental Relationships -- Production/Biomass Ratios, Size Frequencies and Biomass Spectra in Deep-Sea Demersal Fishes -- Organic Carbon Flux Through The Benthic Community in
The Temperate Abyssal Northeast Atlantic -- Benthic Secondary Production in The Deep Sea -- Metabolic Potential of Deep-Sea Animals: Regional and Global Scales -- Adenosine Nucleotides as Indicators of Deep-Sea Benthic Metabolism --
Effects of Spatial and Temporal Scale on The Relationship of Surface Pigment Biomass to Community Structure in The Deep-Sea Benthos -- Benthic Food Web Flows in The Santa Monica Basin Estimated Using Inverse Methodology -- Predicting
Community Dynamics From Food Web Structure -- The Spatial Distribution of Sea Floor Oxygen Consumption in The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans -- Using Monod Kinetics in Geochemical Models of Organic Carbon Mineralization in Deep Sea
Surficial Sediments -- The Characterization of Organic Matter From Abyssal Sediments, Pore Waters and Sediment Traps -- Particle Export and Resuspension Fluxes in The Western North Atlantic -- Large Aggregate Flux and Fate at The
Seafloor: Diagenesis During The Rebound Process -- Factors Controlling Bioturbation in Deep-Sea Sediments and Their Relation to Models of Carbon Diagenesis -- Adding Biology to One-Dimensional Models of Sediment-Carbon Degradation: The
Multi-B Approach
ISBN:9789401124522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 360
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Oceanography , Aquatic ecology , Evolutionary biology , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Evolutionary Biology , Freshwater & Marine Ecology , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642847813:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution of Dynamical Structures in Complex Systems Proceedings of the International Symposium Stuttgart, July 16–17, 1992
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (137 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-84781-3
Contents:I General Approaches -- On the Principles of Synergetics -- Elements of a Synergetics of Evolutionary Processes -- Nonequilibrium Potentials -- II Lasers and Nonlinear Optics -- Spatio-Temporal Instabilities in Nonlinear Optical
Systems -- The Laser with a Saturable Absorber: A Paradigm for the Study of Laser Instabilities -- Dislocations in Laser Fields -- On the Role of Noise in Nonlinear Optics -- III Fluid Dynamics and Solid State Physics -- Pattern
Formation in Fluids — Variational and Non-Variational Models -- Dynamic Theory of Planetary Magnetism and Laboratory Experiments -- Influence of Colored Noise on Energy Transport and Optical Line Shapes in Dimers -- IV Biology and
Medicine -- Coordination Dynamics of Human Brain and Behavior -- Brain Electric Fields and Brain Functional States -- Synergetic Analysis of Human Electroencephalograms: Petit-Mal Epilepsy -- Synergetics, Resonance Phenomena and Brain
Internal Codes -- Synergetics, Self-Simplification, and the Ability to Undo -- V Artificial Intelligence and Synergetic Computers -- Artificial Life: An Engineering Perspective -- Path Finding with a Network of Oscillators --
Synergetic Approach to Phenomena of Perception in Natural and Artificial Systems -- VI Psychology and Social Sciences -- Application of Synergetics to Psychology -- Organization and Self-Organization -- VII Epistemology -- Schelling’s
Concept of Self-Organization -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642847813
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 69
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642499814:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Stability Concept of Evolutionary Game Theory A Dynamic Approach
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (129 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-49981-4
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Frequency-Dependent Evolution in a Single Haploid Species -- 1. Pure and Mixed Strategies -- 2. Monomorphic ESS’s and Stability -- 3. The Hawk-Dove Game -- 4. The Static Characterization of an ESS -- 5. Stability
for the Continuous Dynamic -- 6. The Strong Stability Concept and the Dynamic Characterization of an ESS -- 7. Stability for the Discrete Dynamic -- 8. Alternative Proof of Theorem 2.5.2 -- 9. Nonlinear Fitness Functions -- 10.
Appendix on Centre Manifold Theory -- 3. Frequency-Dependent Evolution in a Two-Species Haploid System -- 1. Frequency-Dependent Fitness -- 2. Monomorphic ESS’s and Stability -- 3. Examples: Battle-of-the-Sexes and Edgeworth Market
Games -- 4. The Static Characterization of a Two-Species ESS -- 5. Strong Stability for the Continuous Dynamic -- 6. Multi-Species Frequency-Dependent Evolution -- 4. Frequency-Dependent Evolution in a Randomly-Mating Diploid Species
-- 1. Natural Selection as an Evolutionary Game -- 2. Single-Locus Models -- 3. Two-Phenotype, Frequency-Dependent Evolution at a Single Locus -- 4. Multi-Phenotype, Frequency-Dependent Evolution at a Single Locus -- 5. A Two-Locus,
Two-Allele, Two-Phenotype Example -- 5. Frequency- and Density-Dependent Evolution in a Haploid Species -- 1. Frequency- and Density-Dependent Fitness (and the Haploid Dynamic) -- 2. Monomorphic DDESS’s and Stability -- 3. The
Density-Dependent Hawk-Dove Game -- 4. The DDESS Conditions and Strong Stability -- 5. Density-Dependent Natural Selection as a Haploid Evolutionary Game -- 6. Evolutionary Stability in Multi-Species Population-Dynamic Models -- An
Intermission -- 6. Evolutionary Stable Sets and Contestant Information -- 1. A Mixed-Strategy Hawk-Dove Game -- 2. The Static Characterization of an ES Set -- 3. The Dynamic Characterization of an ES Set -- 4. The Hawk-Dove Game with
Varying Resource -- 5. ES Sets for Games in Extensive Form -- 6. The Owner-Intruder Game -- 7. Multi-Stage Games -- 7. References -- 8. Index
ISBN:9783642499814
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 94
Keywords: Mathematics , Ecology , Biomathematics , Statistics , Economic theory , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781468478471:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complexity, Chaos, and Biological Evolution
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (446 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-7847-1
Contents:Section I: An Introductory Overview -- Structure, Complexity and Chaos in Living Systems -- Probing Dynamics of the Cerebral Cortex -- Chaos and Bifurcations During Voiced Speech -- The Ultradian Clock: Timekeeping for Intracellular
Dynamics -- Section II: Complex Dynamics in Physiological Control Systems -- Complex Dynamics in the Kidney Microcirculation -- Aspects of Oscillatory Insulin Secretion -- The Dynamic Code: Information Transfer in Hormonal Systems --
Structural Amplification in Chemical Networks -- Section III: Membrane Activity and Cell to Cell Signalling -- Periodicity and Chaos in cAMP, Hormonal and Ca2+ Signalling -- Fractal, Chaotic, and Self-Organizing Critical System:
Descriptions of the Kinetics of Cell Membrane Ion Channels -- A Discontinuous Model for Membrane Activity -- Chaos in Coupled Nerve Cells -- Analysis of the Adenine Nucleotide Pool in an Oscillating Extract of Yeast Saccharomyces
uvarum -- Boundary Operator and Distance Measure for the Cell Lineage of Caenorhabditis elegans and for the Pattern in Fusarium solani -- Section IV: Evolutionary Dynamics and Artificial Life -- Mutations and Selection in Evolutionary
Processes -- Considerations of Stability in Models of Primitive Life: Effect of Errors and Error Propagation -- Information Dynamics of Self-Programmable Matter -- The Problem of Medium-Independence in Artificial Life -- An Optimality
Approach to Ageing -- Modelling of Complex Systems by Simulated Annealing -- Section V: Biological Structures and Morphogenesis -- Generic Dynamics of Morphogenesis -- Models of Biological Pattern Formation and Their Application to the
Early Development of Drosophila -- Reaction-Diffusion Prepatterns (Turing Structures): Supercomputer Simulation of Cytokinesis, Mitosis and Early Drosophila Morphogenesis -- Vortex Formation in Excitable Media -- Bone Remodeling --
Section VI: Chaos and Hyperchaos -- Childhood Infections — Examples of “Chaos in the Wild” -- Multifractal Analysis of Morphological Patterns in Normal and Malignant Human Tissues -- Method of Compatible Vectorfield in Studying
Integrability of 3-Dimensional Dynamical Systems -- Discrete Steps Up the Dynamic Hierarchy -- Hyperchaotic Phenomena in Dynamic Decision Making -- Participants
ISBN:9781468478471
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 270
Keywords: Life sciences , Evolutionary biology , Biophysics , Biological physics , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Life Sciences, general , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783662026748:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Game Equilibrium Models I Evolution and Game Dynamics
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (330 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-02674-8
Contents:to the Series “Game Equilibrium Models” -- to Volume I: “Evolution and Game Dynamics” -- Game Theory and Population Dynamics in Complex Genetical Systems: The Role of Sex in Short Term and in Long Term Evolution -- Evolutionary
Stability and Dynamic Stability in a Class of Evolutionary Normal Form Games -- Anticipatory Learning in Two-Person Games -- The Origin of Isogamous Sexual Differentiation -- The Evolutionary Stability of Bluffing in a Class of
Extensive Form Games -- Pollinator Foraging and Flower Competition in a Game Equilibrium Model -- To Trade, or Not to Trade That Is the Question -- Competition Avoidance in a Dragonfly Mating System -- On the Evolution of Group-Based
Altruism
ISBN:9783662026748
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Evolutionary biology , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Economic theory , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Evolutionary Biology , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400905139:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical and Statistical Developments of Evolutionary Theory
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (380 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0513-9
Contents:The Differential Geometry of Population Genetics and Evolutionary Games -- Topics in the Theory of Ess’s -- Selection in Natural Populations -- Population Genetics Theory - The Past and the Future -- A Discussion of Evolutionarily
Stable Strategies -- Évolution Du Rapport Numérique Des Sexes Et Modèles Dynamiques connexes -- Topics in Evolutionary Ecology
ISBN:9789400905139
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 299
Keywords: Life sciences , Human genetics , Evolutionary biology , Mathematical models , Statistics , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Human Genetics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Statistics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9783662106198:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Trees and Hierarchical Structures Proceedings of a Conference held at Bielefeld, FRG, Oct. 5–9th, 1987
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (140 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-10619-8
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Reconstruction of Phylogenies by Distance Data: Mathematical Framework and Statistical Analysis -- 3. Additive-Tree Representations -- 4. Finding the Minimal Change in a Given Tree -- 5. Search, Parallelism,
Comparison, and Evaluation: Algorithms for Evolutionary Trees -- 6. The Phylogeny of Prochloron: Is there Numerical Evidence from SAB Values? A Response to van Valen -- 7. Evolution of the Collagen Fibril by Duplication and
Diversification of a Small Primordial Exon Unit -- 8. The Poincare Paradox and The Cluster Problem -- 9. An incremental Error Correcting Evaluation Algorithm for Recursion Networks without Circuits
ISBN:9783662106198
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 84
Keywords: Mathematics , Plant science , Botany , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Plant Sciences , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783642613173:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Mathematical Ecology
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (491 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-61317-3
Contents:I. Introduction -- Ecology in Theory and Application -- II. Resource Management -- Bioeconomic Modeling and Resource Management -- Common Property and the Conservation of Natural Resources -- Information and Area-Wide Control in
Agricultural Ecology -- III. Epidemiology -- Fundamental Aspects of Epidemiology -- Three Basic Epidemiological Models -- The Population Biology of Parasitic Helminths in Animal Populations -- Simple Versus Complex Epidemiological
Models -- Periodicity in Epidemiological Models -- Case Studies -- Rubella -- Influenza and Some Related Mathematical Models -- Review of Recent Models of HIV/AIDS Transmission -- The Transmission Dynamics of Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV) -- IV. Ecotoxicology -- Models in Ecotoxicology: Methodological Aspects -- Deterministic and Statistical Models of Chemical Fate in Aquatic Systems -- Effects of Toxicants on Aquatic Populations -- V. Demography and
Population Biology -- Mathematical Models in Plant Biology: An Overview -- Stable Population Theory and Applications -- Stage Structure Models Applied in Evolutionary Ecology -- Some Applications of Structured Models in Population
Dynamics -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642613173
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Biomathematics: 18
Keywords: Mathematics , Immunology , Ecology , Biomathematics , Statistics , Geoecology , Environmental geology , Ecotoxicology , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Ecology , Ecotoxicology , Immunology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Geoecology/Natural Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400929593:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bioastronomy — The Next Steps Proceedings of the 99th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in Balaton, Hungary, June 22-27, 1987
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (434 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2959-3
Contents:Session 1 Astrophysical Clues to the Habitability -- What Should We Look for When We Return to Mars? -- Water: An Absolute Requirement for Life -- Europa: The Prospects for an Ocean -- Is Uranus the Most Promising Planet for SETI? --
What Do We Know About the Nucleus of Comet Halley? -- Comets and Life -- Distribution of Planetary Systems -- Belt of Life in the Galaxy -- The Galactic Belt of Intelligent Life -- Landscapes on an Imaginary Planet -- Session 2 Search
for Extrasolar Planets -- Planetary Detection Techniques: An Overview -- A Search for Planetary Mass Companions to Nearby Stars -- A Radial Velocity Search for Extrasolar Planets -- IRAS Statistics on Main Sequence Stellar IR Excesses
and Models of Corcumstellar Particle Clouds -- Progress in Determining the Space Orientation of Stars -- A Photometric Approach to Detecting Earth-Sized Planets -- Systematic Aspects of Direct Extrasolar Planet Detection -- Direct
Imaging of Extra-Solar Planetary Systems With a Low-Scattered Light Telescope -- Discovery/Study of Planetary Systems Using Astrometry from Space -- Session 3 Search for Primitive Life -- Optical Interferometry and the Detection of
Evidence of Life -- Searching for Extrasolar Life With Space Telescopes -- Session 4 Alternate Biologies? Alternate Pathways? -- Development of Constraints Imposed by Cosmic Evolution Towards Life -- Cosmic Metabolsim: The Origin of
Macromolecules -- Exotic Chemical Life -- A Sceptic’S View -- Hydrothermal Energy Flow of Planetary Bodies and the Creation of Living Systems -- Survival Strategies for Life in High UV, Low Density Environment -- Anticrick: The Nothing
is Not Regulable -- The Right-Left Asymmetry in Biology -- Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich (1914–1987) -- Chemical Production of Optically Pure Systems -- The Interferometer Paradigm for Mammalian Binaural Hearing -- Session 5 Is
Intelligence an Inevitable Evolutionary Trait? -- Fast Tracks to Intelligence -- Form and Function in Neurobiology -- Can We Communicate With Other Species on this Planet? -- SETI and the Physical Scientist’S Misconstrual of
Evolutionary Biology -- Can We Communicate with Aliens? -- CETI: Historical Retrospective of Interaction Of Cultures -- Some Biological Implications on Drake’S Formula -- Regional Jurisdiction in Our Galaxy -- One More Solution to the
Fermi Paradox -- The Evolution of Technological Civilizations Within the Limits of their Own Solar System -- The Galactic Center -- Supercivilizations as Possible Products of the Progressive Evolution of Matter in the Universe --
Session 6 Prospects for Detecting Technological Civilizations -- Being Optimistic About SETI -- Fermi Paradox and Alternative Strategies for SETI: The Anthropic Principle and the Search for Solar Analogs -- The SETI Related Use of
Large Astronomical Archives -- Artifical Signal Detectors -- Search for Artificial Cosmic Radio Emission -- The Quasat Satellite and its Set Applications -- SETI With a French Accent -- Field Test Results With the Targeted Search MCSA
-- The Berkeley Piggyback SETI Program: Serendip II -- 3 Pulse/Multiple Stage Continuous Wave Detection Algorithms -- The CETI Ellipsoid and the Supernova 1987A -- Energy Saving Interstellar Communication With Moderate Effort --
Optical Lasers for CETI -- SETI in Optical Range With the 6M Telescope: Mania -- Stars as Gravitational Lenses -- The Pro’S and Con’S of Gravitational Lenses in CETI -- The Next Steps: 20 Possibilities -- Session 7 What If We Succeed?
-- The Tale of a Candidate Signal -- The Argument for Eti in the Edo Age -- What If We Succeed? (A Media Viewpoint) -- Who Will Speak for Earth? -- The Flag of the Earth
ISBN:9789400929593
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 144
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9783642933653:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling and Management of Resources under Uncertainty Proceedings of the Second U.S.-Australia Workshop on Renewable Resource Management held at the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, December 9–12, 1985
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (322 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93365-3
Contents:I Modelling/Biology -- Scale and Predictability in Ecological Modeling -- Behavioral Modelling and Resource Management -- Modeling for Biological Resource Management -- Optimal Harvest Policies for Fisheries with Uncertain Stock Sizes
-- Analysis of Environmental Influences on Population Dynamics -- Identification and Control of Stochastic Linear Multispecies Ecosystem Models -- An Evolutionary Response to Harvesting -- Density-Dependent Habitat Selection: A Tool
for More Effective Population Management -- II Controls/Techniques -- Approaches to Adaptive Policy Design for Harvest Management -- Computer-Intensive Methods for Fisheries Stock Assessment -- Variability in Ecosystem Models: A
Deterministic Approach -- Generating Reachable Set Boundaries for Discrete-Time Systems -- Uncertain Dynamical Systems: An Application to River Pollution Control -- Real Time Management of a Resource Consumption Model -- Control
Problems in Irrigation Management -- A Differential Game Between Two Players Harvesting from a Divided fishery -- III Management/Real Problems -- Groundwater-Based Agriculture in the Arid American West: Modeling the Transition to a
Steady-State Renewable Resource Economy -- Great Lakes Fisheries: Are Explicit Controls Necessary? -- Sampling Highly Aggregated Populations with Application to California Sardine-Management -- The Structure of Fishing Systems and the
Implementation of Management Policy -- Spatial Models of Tuna Dynamics in the Western Pacific: Is International Management Necessary? -- Examination of Institutional Structures in Multiple Resource, Multiple Management Systems: A
Control Theoretic Approach -- Optimal Harvesting of a Year-Class of Prawns
ISBN:9783642933653
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 72
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Environmental economics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Environmental Economics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9783642933608:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Topics in Population Biology, Morphogenesis and Neurosciences Proceedings of an International Symposium held in Kyoto, November 10–15, 1985
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (352 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93360-8
Contents:Introductory Lectures -- Chaos and fractals -- Recurrent themes in mathematical biology -- I. Mathematical Ecology and Population Biology -- The Structure of Populations and Communities -- Fantastic voyage into the deep: marine
biofluid mechanics -- On the mathematical synthesis of physiological and behavioural mechanisms and population dynamics -- A necessary and sufficient assembly rule for real ecosystems -- Markovian foraging models -- The theory of
population dynamics: back to first principles -- Dispersal -- Ecological and evolutionary aspects of dispersal -- The speeds of traveling frontal waves in heterogeneous environments -- Quantitative modeling of growth and dispersal in
population models -- The interaction between dispersal and dormancy strategies in varying and heterogeneous environments -- Segregation structures of competing species mediated by a diffusive predator -- A spatially aggregating
population model involving size-distributed dynamics -- Evolution -- Evolution of the number of sexes -- A lattice model for population biology -- Population genetical mechanism of molecular evolution — stochastic selection as an
alternative to random drift — -- Evolutionary and ecological stability of prey-predator systems with predatory switching -- II. Mathematical Theories of Pattern and Morphogenesis -- Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation -- Pattern
formation by coupled oscillations: the pigmentation patterns on the shells of molluscs -- From map systems to plant morphogenesis -- The cortical tractor: a new model for epithelial morphogenesis -- Pattern Formation in Dictyostelium
discoideum -- An equilibrium theory of cell distribution in Dictyostelium discoideum -- A model for pattern formation in Dictyostelium discoideum -- A density dependent model for prestalk/prespore pattern formation in Dictyostelium
discoideum I. Basic mathematical framework -- Origin of bursting and birhythmicity in a model for cyclic AMP oscillations in Dictyostelium cells -- III. Theoretical Neurosciences and Related Problems in Physiology -- Neurosciences --
Mathematical modelling of macroscopic brain phenomena -- A formal classification of bursting mechanisms in excitable systems -- On the topological representation of signals in self-organizing nerve fields -- The dynamics of a
glia-modulated neural network and its relation to brain functions -- Self-organization in nervous systems: some illustrations -- Physiology and Related Problems -- Toward molecular sensory physiology: mathematical models -- Outline of
some recent results on the first-passage-time problem in biological modeling -- Active rotator model for large populations of oscillatory and excitable elements -- The harnessing and stability of striated muscle
ISBN:9783642933608
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 71
Keywords: Mathematics , Neurosciences , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Neurosciences , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9783642466168:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Control Theory in Ecology Proceedings of the Symposium on Optimal Control Theory held at the State University of New York, Syracuse, New York, August 10–16, 1986
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (101 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-46616-8
Contents:Modelling Behavioral Decisions of Insects -- Optimal Reproductive Strategies in Annual Plants -- Applications of Optimal Impulse Control to Optimal Foraging Problems -- Fur Seal and Blue Whale: The Bioeconomics of Extinction --
Predator-Prey Coevolution as an Evolutionary game
ISBN:9783642466168
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 73
Keywords: Life sciences , Ecology , Calculus of variations , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Life Sciences , Ecology , Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control Optimization , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642826252:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Positive Feedback in Natural Systems
Author(s): Donald L DeAngelis
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (290 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82625-2
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Homeostasis -- 1.2 Positive Feedback -- 1.3 Ecological Systems with Positive Feedback -- 1.4 Generalization 1: Increasing Complexity -- 1.5 Generalization 2: Accelerating Change -- 1.6 Generalization 3:
Threshold Effects -- 1.7 Generalization 4: Fragility of Complex Systems -- 1.8 Summary and Conclusions -- 2. The Mathematics of Positive Feedback -- 2.1 Graphical Analysis of a Simple Dynamic Positive Feedback System -- 2.2 A System of
Two Mutualists -- 2.3 A System of Two Competitors -- 2.4 Mathematical Analysis of Positive Feedback -- 2.5 Summary and Conclusions -- 3. Physical Systems -- 3.1 The Life History of a Star -- 3.2 Geophysical Systems -- 3.3 Autocatalysis
in Chemical Systems -- 3.4 Summary and Conclusions -- 4. Evolutionary Processes -- 4.1 Early Evolution of Life -- 4.2 Evolution at the Species Level -- 4.3 Coevolution -- 4.4 Summary and Conclusions -- 5. Organisms Physiology and
Behaviour -- 5.1 Destructive Positive Feedback -- 5.2 Biochemical Processes in Cells and Organisms -- 5.3 Feeding and Drinking Behavior -- 5.4 Sleep -- 5.5 Movement and Motor-Sensory Relationships -- 5.6 Mind-Body Relationship -- 5.7
Summary and Conclusions -- 6. Resource Utilization by Organisms -- 6.1 Energy Allocation Tactics -- 6.2 Territorial Defense Strategies -- 6.3 Chemical Defense Strategies -- 6.4 Growth Rate Strategy -- 6.5 Summary and Conclusions -- 7.
Social Behavior -- 7.1 Evolution of r- and K-strategies -- 7.2 Development of Social Strategies -- 7.3 Mating and Reproduction -- 7.4 Population Models Incorporating Sexual Reproduction -- 7.5 Small Group Dynamics -- 7.6 Castes In
Insect Societies -- 7.7 Dominance Within Groups -- 7.8 Models of Group Formation and Size -- 7.9 The Schooling of Fish -- 7.10 Social Interactions and Game Theory -- 7.11 Summary and Conclusions -- 8. Mutualistic and Competitive
Systems -- 8.1 Dynamics of Mutualistic Communities -- 8.2 Limits to Mutual Benefaction -- 8.3 Multi-Species Mutualism -- 8.4 Models of the Evolution of Mutualism -- 8.5 Isolation and Obligate Mutualism -- 8.6 Limited Competition -- 8.7
Summary and Conclusions -- 9. Age-Structured Populations -- 9.1 Age Structure -- 9.2 Leslie Matrices -- 9.3 Compensatory Leslie Matrices -- 9.4 Interacting Populations -- 9.5 Coexistence of Two Interacting Populations -- 9.6 Other
Compensatory Models -- 9.7 Life-History Strategies -- 9.8 Intrinsic Rate of Increase -- 9.9 Reproductive Strategies -- 9.10 Summary and Conclusions -- 10. Spatially Heterogeneous Systems: Islands and Patchy Regions -- 10.1 Classical
Theory of Island Biogeography -- 10.2 Island Clusters -- 10.3 Insular Reserves -- 10.4 Modeling the Patchy System -- 10.5 A Single Species in a Patchy Region -- 10.6 Time to Extinction on a Patch -- 10.7 Persistence of a Species in a
Two-Patch Environment -- 10.8 Stability of a Single-Species, Two-Patch System -- 10.9 Persistence of a Species in an N-Patch Environment -- 10.10 Multi-Species, Multi-patch Systems with Competition and Mutalism -- 10.11 Persistence of
a Species in a Two-Species, Two-Patch Environment -- 10.12 Persistence of a Species in an L-Species, iV-Patch Environment -- 10.13 Stability of a Two-Species, Two-Patch Model -- 10.14 Stability of an L-Species, iV-Patch Model -- 10.15
Relationship Between Reserve Design and Species Persistence -- 10.16 Summary and Conclusions -- 11. Spatially Heterogeneous Ecosystems: Pattern Formation -- 11.1 Spontaneous Emergence of Spatial Patterns -- 11.2 Diffusion Model -- 11.3
Pattern Formation Through Instability -- 11.4 Congregation of Colonial Organisms -- 11.5 Boundary Formation by Competition -- 11.6 Summary and Conclusions -- 12. Disease and Pest Outbreaks -- 12.1 Physiological Effects in the Host
Species -- 12.2 Mutualistic Interactions of more than one Pathogenic Agent -- 12.3 Models of a Directly Communicated Disease or Parasite -- 12.4 Effects of Spatial Heterogeneity on Disease Outbreak Threshold Conditions -- 12.5 Design
of Immunization Programs -- 12.6 Shape of the Contagion Rate Function -- 12.7 Comparison with other Spatially Heterogeneous Models -- 12.8 Host-Vector Models -- 12.9 Summary and Conclusions -- 13. The Ecosystem and Succession -- 13.1
The Ecosystem -- 13.2 Succession as a Positive Feedback Process -- 13.3 A Clementsian Model -- 13.4 Markov Chain Models -- 13.5 A Model of a Fire-Dependent System -- 13.6 Positive Feedback Loops in Ecosystems -- 13.7 Nutrient Cycling
-- 13.8 Selection on the Community or Ecosystem Level -- 13.9 Summary and Conclusions -- Appendices -- Appendix A: Positive Linear Systems -- Appendix B: Stability of Positive Feedback Systems -- Appendix C: Stability of Discrete-Time
Systems -- Appendix D: Positive Equilibria and Stability -- Appendix E: Comparative Statics of Positive Feedback Systems -- Appendix F: Similarity Transforms -- Appendix G: Bounds on the Roots of a Positive Linear System -- Appendix H:
Relationship Between Positive Linear System Stability Criteria and the Routh-Hurwitz Criteria -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642826252
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Biomathematics: 15
Keywords: Mathematics , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642696923:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Hierarchical Systems An Evolutionary Approach
Author(s): John S Nicolis
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (397 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-69692-3
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 What This Book Is About -- 1.2 Statement of the Problem -- 1.3 Some Preliminary Definitions of Complexity and Organization -- 2. Preliminaries from Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Physics -- 2.1 Symmetries
and Conservation Principles -- 2.2 Instabilities at the Root of Broken Symmetries, Dissipation, and Irreversibility for Low-Dimensional (Not Statistical) Dynamical Systems -- 2.3 Elements of Statistical Physics and Their Relevance to
Evolutionary Phenomena -- 2.4 Concluding Remarks -- 3. The Role of Spherical Electromagnetic Waves as Information Carriers -- 3.1 Radiation from Accelerated Charge in Vacuo. The Concept of “Self”-Force. Thermodynamics of
Electromagnetic Radiation -- 3.2 Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Dispersive Media and Lossy Media -- 3.3 Analysis of a Spherical Wave in Terms of Elemental “Rays”. The Mode Theory of Wave Propagation. Excitable Modes (Degrees of
Freedom) in a Closed Cavity -- 3.4 The Entropy of Electromagnetic Radiation. Information Received by an Electromagnetic Wave Impinging on a Finite Aperture. Ambiguity of Perception -- 4. Elements of Information and Coding Theory, with
Applications -- 4.1 Information Transfer and the Concept of Channel Capacity for Discrete and Continuous Memoryless Signals -- 4.2 Some Ideas from Coding Theory Instrumental in Minimizing Reception Error -- 4.3 Some Efficient Coding
Algorithms for Source-Channel Matching and Single-Error Detection and Correction -- 4.4 Information Sources with Memory. Markov Chains -- 4.5 Specific Examples of Some Useful Channels and Calculations of Their Capacities -- 4.6
Modeling of Stochastic Time Series -- 4.7 Communication Between Two Hierarchical Systems Modeled by Controlled Markov Chains -- 4.8 Emergence of New Hierarchical Levels in a Self-Organizing System -- 5. Elements of Game Theory, with
Applications -- 5.1 Constant-Sum Games -- 5.2 Non-Constant-Sum Games -- 5.3 Competing Species -- 5.4 Survival and Extinction -- 5.5 Some Elementary Knowledge from Genetics: Selection and Fitness -- 5.6 Games Between Animals Adopting
Specific Modes of Behavior (Roles). Concepts of Evolutionarily Stable Strategy -- 5.7 The Game of Competitive-Cooperative Production and Exchange. The Concept of “Parasite” at a Symbolic Level -- 5.8 Epidemiology of Rumors -- 6.
Stochasticiky Due to Deterministic Dynamics in Three- or Higher-Dimensional Space: Chaos and Strange Attractors -- 6.1 A Reappraisal of Classical Statistical Mechanics. The Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser Theorem -- 6.2 Dynamics in
Three-Dimensional State Space (Three Degrees of Freedom). Steady States, Limit Cycles, Attracting Tori -- 6.3 Strange Attractors -- 6.4 Parameters Characterizing the Average Behavior of Strange Attractors: Dimensions, Entropies, and
Lyapounov Exponents -- 6.5 A Possible Role for Chaos in Reliable Information Processing -- 6.6 Comments on the Effects of Internal Fluctuations and External Noise on the Stability Properties of Dynamical Systems -- 7. Epilogue:
Relevance of Chaos to Biology and Related Fields -- 7.1 Computational Complexity -- 7.2 Towards a Dynamic Theory of Language -- 7.3 Concluding Remarks -- A. A View of the Role of External Noise at a Neuronal Hierarchical Level -- A.1
Introduction to the Problem -- A.2 Organization Through Weak Stationary-Amplitude Noise -- A.3 Relevance of the Model to Neuronal and Cognitive Organization -- B. On the Difficulty of Treating the Transaction Between Two Hierarchical
Levels with Continuous Nonlinear Dynamics -- B.1 The Level Q of Partner I -- B.2 Homeostasis and Cross-Correlations -- B.3 The Level W of Partner I -- B.4 The Controller -- C. Noisy Entrainment of a Slightly Nonlinear Relaxation
Oscillator by an External Harmonic Excitation -- C.1 General Description of the Model -- C.2 A Method for the Study of Entrainment -- C.2.1 Strict Entrainment -- C.2.2 Loose or “Jittery” Entrainment -- C.2.3 Pure “Free-Running”
Oscillation -- C.2.4 Free-Running Oscillation -- C.3 Mathematical Treatment and Computer Simulation -- C.4 Behavior of the Oscillator Under an Applied Harmonic Excitation (Entrainment) -- References
ISBN:9783642696923
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 25
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781461322351:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 4 Ecology, Evolution, and Comparative Biology
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (754 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-2235-1
Contents:One: Some General Considerations -- A Quarter of a Century of Studies of Chemical Communication in Vertebrates -- The Tetrapod Epidermis: A System Protoadapted as a Semiochemical Source -- Mammalian Semiochemistry: Issues and Futures,
with some Examples from a Study of Chemical Signalling in Cattle -- Motor Patterns Dedicated to Sensory Functions -- Two: Chemistry -- Chemical Control of Feeding in Herbivorous and Carnivorous Fish -- Characteristics of Earthworm
Washings Detected by the Vomeronasal System of Snakes -- Chemical and Biological Investigations of Female Mouse Pheromones -- Behavioral Function and Chemistry of Volatiles From Feces and Anal Secretions of House Mice, Mus musculus — A
Preliminary Report -- Three: Fishes -- The Evolution of Chemical Alarm Signals in Fishes -- Fish Reproductive Pheromones -- Chemosensory Orientation Mechanisms of Fish -- Release of Spawning Pheromone(s) by Naturally-ovulated and
Prostaglandin-injected, Nonovulated Female Goldfish -- The Structural and Functional Relationships Between Olfactory and Reproductive Systems From Birth to Old Age in Fish -- Four: Amphibians -- The Evolution of Salamander Courtship
Pheromones -- Pheromonal Markers as Territorial Advertisement By Terrestrial Salamanders -- The Recognition and Use of Chemical Signals By a Nesting Salamander -- Evolution of Chemical Signals as a Premating Isolating Mechanism in a
Complex of Terrestrial Salamanders -- Chemical Ecology of Kin Recognition in Anuran Amphibians -- Five: Reptiles -- Pheromones and Reproduction in Garter Snakes -- The Role of Pheromone Trails in the Sociobiology Of Snakes -- Pheromone
Mimicry in Garter Snakes -- Initial Den Location by Neonatal Prairie Rattlesnakes: Functions, Causes, and Natural History in Chemical Ecology -- Exploratory Tongue Flicking by Green Iguanas In Laboratory and Field -- Lizard Pheromones:
Behavioral Resnonses and Adaptive Significance in Skinks of the Genus Eumeces -- Chemoreception in the Homing and Orientation Behavior of Amphibians and Reptiles, with Special Reference To Sea Turtles -- Six: Birds -- The Ecological
and Evolutionary Challenges Of Procellariiform Olfaction -- Chemoreception and the Selection of Green Plants as Nest Fumigants by Starlings -- Seven: Mammals -- Economic Consequences of Scent Marking in Mammalian Territoriality --
Chemical Signals and Kin Recognition in Spiny Mice (Acomys cahirinus) -- Genetic Basis for Individual Discriminations: The Major Histocompatibility Complex of the Mouse -- The Suppression of Ovarian Function By Chemosignals -- The
Evolutionary Significance of the Olfactory Block to Pregnancy -- Puberty-Influencing Chemosignals in House Mice: Ecological and Evolutionary Considerations -- The Puberty Delaying Pheromone of the House Mouse: Field Data and a New
Evolutionary Perspective -- Effects of Genotype, Social Interaction, and Testosterone on Esterases in Male Mouse Urine -- The Mammalian Vomeronasal System: Its Role in Learning and Social Behaviors -- Olfactory Communication Among
Rats: Information Concerning Distant Diets -- Alarm Chemosignals in a Meriones unguiculatus: Prey-Predator Interactions -- Avoidance Response of Pocket Gophers (Thomomys talpoides) to Mustelid Anal Gland Compounds -- The Comparative
Responses of Mice and Voles To Conspecific and Heterospecific Odors in The Field — A Lesson in Social Behavior -- Morphometric Patterns Among Microtine Rodents. I. Sexual Selection Suggested by Relative Scent Gland Development in
Representative Voles (Microtus) -- Female-induced Delay of Puberty in Bank Vole and European Pine Vole Females -- Familial Chemosignals Interfere with Reproductive Activation in Female Pine Voles, Microtus pinetorum -- Odor Images:
Responses of Beaver to Castoreum Fractions -- Scent-marking in Pikas (Ochotona princeps): Test of a Breeding-facilitation Hypothesis -- Histology and Gross Morphology of the Sexually Dimorphic Sternal Gland in the North American
Opossum, Didelphis virginiana Kerr -- Chemical Communication in Gray Short-tailed Opossums (Monodelphis domestica) with Comparisons to other Marsupials and with Reference to Monotremes -- Observations on Chemical Communication and its
Glandular Sources in Selected Insectivora -- Plantar Glands in North American Mustelidae -- The Marking Behavior of Male Przewalski’s Horses -- Chemical Communication Among Asian Elephants -- Territorial Scent Marking by Two Sympatric
Lemur Species -- Chemical Signals in Callitrichid Monkeys — A Comparative Review -- Cross-cultural Studies of Taste and Smell Perception -- Author Index -- Subject And Taxonomic Index
ISBN:9781461322351
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783642515880:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolutionary Dynamics of Genetic Diversity Proceedings of a Symposium held in Manchester, England, March 29–30, 1983
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (318 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-51588-0
Contents:1 The Problem -- 2 The Evolutionary Significance of Genetic Diversity Ecological, Demographic and Life History Correlates -- The Problem -- Materials and Methods -- The Evidence -- Theoretical Consideration -- The Matching of Evidence
and Theoretical Models -- Conclusions and Prospects -- Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References of the Data -- References of the Theoretical Discussion -- Appendix I. The Data Set -- Appendix II. The Biotic Questionnaire -- Appendix
III. Transformations of Heterozygosity and Polymorphism Estimates -- 3 Genetic Polymorphism and Neomutationism -- Protein Polymorphism -- Dna Polymorphism -- Implications for Evolutionary Theory -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 4 A
Darwinian Theory of Enzyme Polymorphism -- The Model -- The Accuracy of the Numerical Calculations -- Why Is Chaotic Motion Rare in Natural Populations? -- Survival Probability for Populations -- Predictions of the Model at the Genetic
Level -- Conclusions -- References -- 5 The Possibility of Stress-Triggered Evolution
ISBN:9783642515880
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 53
Keywords: Life sciences , Evolutionary biology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642883385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1983
Edition:Third Revised and Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (390 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88338-5
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables --
2.10 Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s
Formula -- 2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- Sections with an asterisk in the heading may be omitted during a first reading. -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes
-- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method
of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes, Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible
Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification
of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some
Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck-Equation -- 6.6 Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8
Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic
Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the
Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8 Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended
Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture --
8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8
Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 The Introduction of New Variables -- 8.12 Damped and Neutral
Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.13 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.14 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.15 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near
Threshold -- 8.16 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and
Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6
Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology,
Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments
on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology and Economics -- 11.1 A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 11.2 Phase Transitions in Economics -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation
and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Discrete Maps, Period Doubling, Chaos, Intermittency -- 13. Some Historical
Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments
ISBN:9783642883385
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 1
Keywords: Mathematics , Biochemistry , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , System theory , Physics , Mathematics , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Systems Theory, Control , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781468441062:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Phenomena in Physics and Biology
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (609 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-4106-2
Contents:Computation and Innovation in the Nonlinear Sciences -- to Nonlinear Waves -- Remarks on Nonlinear Evolution Equations and the Inverse Scattering Transform -- The Linearity of Nonlinear Soliton Equations and the Three Wave Interaction
-- Contour Dynamics: A Boundary Integral Evolutionary Method for Inviscid Incompressible Flows -- Numerical Computation of Nonlinear Waves -- Bifurcations, Fluctuations and Dissipative Structures -- Chemical Oscillations -- Models in
Neurobiology -- Nonlinear Waves in Neuronal Cortical Structures -- Bifurcations in Insect Morphogenesis I -- Bifurcations in Insect Morphogenesis II -- Selection and Evolution in Molecular Systems -- Escape from Domains of Attraction
for Systems Perturbed by Noise -- Seminars -- Error Propagation in Translation and it’s Relevance to the Nucleation of Life -- Pseudopotentials and Symmetries for Generalized Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations -- Superposition Principles
for Nonlinear Differential Equations -- On Some Nonlinear Schrodinger Equations -- Asymptotic Evaluation Methods of Nonlinear Differential Equations Near the Instability Point -- Nonlinear Superposition of Simple Waves in
Nonhomogeneous Systems -- A Method of Solving Nonlinear Differential Equations -- Lecturers -- Participants
ISBN:9781468441062
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series B: Physics: 75
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9783642931611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Vito Volterra Symposium on Mathematical Models in Biology Proceedings of a Conference Held at the Centro Linceo Interdisciplinare, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome December 17 – 21, 1979
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (418 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93161-1
Contents:Topic I Models of Natural Selection -- Models of Natural Selection -- Stochastic Theory of Population Genetics and Evolution -- Natural Selection and Continuous Variation -- Some Models for the Evolution of Adaptive Traits --
Evolutionary Game Theory -- Variability and Permanence in Molecular Genetics -- Evolution in Human Populations: Data and Models -- Models of Density- and Frequency- Dependent Selection for the Exploitation of Resources. II. Coevolution
of Species in Competition -- Intraspecific Competition and Evolution -- Ecological Implications of Natural Selection -- Topic II Problems in Population Biology and Related Disciplines -- Areas of Overlap of Population Genetics with
Related Disciplines -- Completeness and Craft Standards in Ecological Theory -- A Theoretical Approach to the Dynamics of Single Populations -- Stochastic Equations in Neurobiology and Population Biology -- Models for Vector-Borne
Parasitic Diseases -- The Dynamics and Control of Direct Life Cycle Helminth Parasites -- Epidemiologic Models of Bacterial Diseases -- Strategic Planning Models for Rubella Vaccination Programmes -- The Cybernetics of Biological
Macromolecules -- A Pattern Formation Mechanism and its Application to Mammalian Coat Markings -- Cell Growth as an Autocatalytic Relaxation Process -- Vito Volterra and Contemporary Mathematical Biology
ISBN:9783642931611
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 39
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642964695:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1978
Edition:Second Enlarged Edition
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96469-5
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables --
2.10*Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s
Formula -- 2.15*Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2* Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5* An
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3* Joint Probability and Paths. Markov
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4* How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation
for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7* The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8* Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9* Theorems about Solutions of the Master
Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11*Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2* Critical Points
and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3* Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5* Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of
Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2* Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5
Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6* Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order
Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck
Equation -- 7.5* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7* Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations
for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8* Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9* Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10*Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.1 l*Hard-Mode
Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5
The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9
Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The
Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1
Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator
-- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7* Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator
Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary
Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What
is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Further Examples of Chaotic
Motion -- 13. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading and Comments
ISBN:9783642964695
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 1
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642963636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self- Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1977
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96363-6
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilites -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables -- 2.10
Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s Formula --
2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An Approach to
Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov Processes. The
Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in
Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10
The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in
a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thom’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance
and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5 Time-Dependent Solutions of
the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization --
7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of
Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8
Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1
Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with
Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierachy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard
and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution
-- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2
Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical
Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment ofthe Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8
Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis
-- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments
ISBN:9783642963636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642930577:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models in Biological Discovery
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (242 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-93057-7
Contents:Role of Mathematical Population Geneticists in the Evolutionary Synthesis of the 1930’S and 40’S -- Contributions of Enzyme Models -- Dynamic Models of the Mitotic Cycle: Evidence for a Limit Cycle Oscillator -- Mathematical Models
for Morphogenesis -- Computer Simulation as a Means of Physiological Integration of Biochemical Systems -- How Models of Feedback Systems can Help the Practical Biologist -- Reality and Models: Difficulties Associated with Applying
General Ecological Models to Specific Situations -- Biomathematical Models Some Triumphs and Some Defeats -- Needs for the Future: Radically Different Types of Mathematical Models
ISBN:9783642930577
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 13
Keywords: Mathematics , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9783642454554:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Problems in Biology Victoria Conference
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (282 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45455-4
Contents:Measurement processes and hierarchical organization -- Analysis of wave propagation in cilia and flagella -- Mathematical bioeconomics -- Models of large-scale nervous activityr -- Strategy for a predator with a mimicking prey --
Finite difference methods for the numerical solution of the Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations -- Habitat selection and a Liapunov function -- Aspects of evolutionary theory and the theory of games -- Coexistence of species in a discrete
system -- Asymptotic behavior and stability in epidemic models -- Resilience and stability as shown by models of ecological systems -- Thresholds for deterministic epidemics -- Dynamic analysis in “soft science” studies: In defense of
difference equations -- Probabilistic limit cycles -- Oscillations in biochemistry -- A simple test for tag recapture estimation -- Are species association coefficients really necessary? -- A model of morphogenesis -- Flagellar growth
-- Some remarks on random sets mosaics -- Qualitative behavior of stochastic epidemics -- Stochastic models for cell proliferation -- Instructional lecture on mathematical techniques -- Anomalous diffusion through membranes -- The role
of age structure in the dynamics of interacting populations -- Some consequences of stochasticizing an ecological system model -- Competition on an environmental gradient -- Morphogenesis in sand dollar embryos -- Ecological and
economic markets -- Some stochastic growth processes -- Derivation of the equation for concentration profiles in a binary diffusing system -- An economic model of population growth and competition in natural communities -- Wavelike
activity in biological and chemical media -- Mathematics and Biology -- Some Problems Posed at the Conference -- A Bibliography of Mathematical Biology
ISBN:9783642454554
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 2
Keywords: Medicine , Life sciences , Biomathematics , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1968-9789401033558:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Population Genetics
Author(s): W. J Ewens
Date:1968
Size:1 online resource (160 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-3355-8
Contents:1. The Hardy-Weinberg Law -- 1.1. The Hardy-Weinberg law -- 1.2. Random union of gametes -- 1.3. Dioecious populations -- 1.4. Sex-linked genes and multiple alleles -- 1.5. Miscellaneous results -- 1.6. The effect of selection -- 2. Selection and Mu tation -- 2.1. Changes in gene frequency -- 2.2. The mean fitness of the population -- 2.3. The effect of mutation -- 2.4. Genetic loads -- 3. The Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection -- 3.1. Random-mating populations -- 3.2. Two allele, non-random-ma ting populations 24 -- 3.3 Discussion -- 4. Stochastic Treatment Discrete Processes -- 4.1. Wright’s model -- 4.2. Generalizations: the effective population size -- 4.3. Bisexual populations -- 4.4. Cyclic population size -- 4.5. Geographical subdivisio n -- 4.6. General offspring distributions -- 4.7. The asymptotic conditional distribution and the transient function -- 4.8. Selection and mutation -- 5. Diffusion Approximations -- 5.1. The Fokker-Planck equation -- 5.2. The drift function
-- 5.3. The asymptotic conditional distribution -- 5.4. The backward differential equation -- 6. Applications -- 6.1. Absorption probabilities -- 6.2. Mean absorption times -- 6.3. Stationary distributions -- 6.4. The maintenance of alleles by mutat ion -- 6.5. Self-sterility alleles -- 6.6. Comparison with formulae of Fisher -- 7. Results Derived from Branching Processes -- 7.1. Survival probabilities -- 7.2. Multiple alleles -- 7.3. Fluctuating environments -- 7.4. Selectively disadvantageous mutan ts -- 8. Two-locus Behaviour -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Changes in gamete frequency -- 8.3. The effect of selection -- 8.4. What is’ interaction’? -- 9. Linkage -- 9.1. Equilibrium points and their stability behaviour -- 9.2. Increase in frequency o f rare genes -- 9.3. Initial increase in two mutant genes -- 9.4. Sudden changes in mean fitness -- 9.5. Linkage and the genetic load -- 9.6. Linkage and the survival of a new mutant -- 10. Dominance -- 10.1. Dominance of the wild type -- 10.2.
Primary genes which are initially rare -- 10.3. Dominance and the genetic load -- 11. Summary -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401033558
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Life sciences , Human genetics , Ecology , Evolutionary biology , Life Sciences , Evolutionary Biology , Human Genetics , Ecology
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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Call number:QP517.Q34Q36::2008 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum aspects of life
Author(s): Derek Abbott
P.C.W. Davies
Arun K. Pati
Date:2008
Publisher:London : Imperial College Press
Size:442 p
Contents:A quantum origin of life? / Paul C.W. Davies -- Quantum mechanics and emergence / Seth Lloyd -- Quantum coherence and the search for the first replicator / Jim Al-Khalili and Johnjoe McFadden -- Ultrafast quantum dynamics in photosynthesis / Alexand ra Olaya Castro ... [et al.] -- Modelling quantum decoherence in biomolecules / Jacques Bothma, Joel Gilmore, and Ross H. McKenzie -- Molecular evolution : a role for quantum mechanics in the dynamics of molecular machines that read and write DNA / Anita Goel -- Memory depends on the cytoskeleton, but is it quantum? / Andreas Mershin and Dimitri V. Nanopoulos -- Quantum metabolism and allometric scaling relations in biology / Lloyd Demetrius -- Spectroscopy of the genetic code / Jim D. Bashford and Peter D. Jarvis -- Towards understanding the origin of genetic languages / Apoorva D. Patel -- Can arbitrary quantum systems undergo self-replication? / Arun K. Pati and Samuel L. Braunstein -- A semi-quantum version of the game of life / Adrian P. Flitney and Derek Abbott -- Evolutionary stability in quantum games / Azhar Iqbal and Taksu Cheon -- Quantum transmemetic intelligence / Edward W. Piotrowski and Jan Sladkowski -- Dreams versus reality : plenary debate session on quantum computing -- Plenary debate: quantum effects in biology : trivial or not? -- Nontrivial quantum effects in biology : a skeptical physicists' view / Howard Wiseman and Jens Eisert -- That's life! : the geometry of pi electron clouds / Stuart Hameroff.
ISBN:9781848162532
Keywords: Quantum biochemistry. , Biogenesis. , Quantum Theory. , Evolution, Molecular.
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