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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034805773:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stability of Vector Differential Delay Equations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael I Gil
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Differential equations with delay naturallyarise in various applications, such as control systems, viscoelasticity, mechanics, nuclear reactors, distributed networks, heat flows, neural networks, combustion, interaction ofspecies, microbiology, learn ing models, epidemiology, physiology, and many others. This book systematically investigates the stability of linear as well as nonlinear vector differential equations with delay and equations with causalmappings. It presents explicit conditions for expon ential, absolute and input-to-state stabilities. These stability conditions are mainly formulated in terms of the determinants and eigenvalues of auxiliary matrices dependent on aparameter the suggested approachallows us to apply the well-known results of the theory of matrices. In addition, solution estimates for the considered equations are established which provide the bounds for regions of attraction ofsteady states. The main methodology presented in the book is based on a combined usage of the rece nt norm estimates for matrix-valued functionsand the following methods and results: the generalized Bohl-Perron principle and theintegral version of the generalized Bohl-Perron principle the freezing method the positivity of fundamental solutions. A signi ficant part of the book is devoted to the Aizerman-Myshkis problem and generalized Hill theory ofperiodic systems. The book is intended not only for specialists in the theory of functional differential equations and control theory, but also for anyone w ith a sound mathematical background interested in their variousapplications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1 Preliminaries
2 Some Results of the Matrix Theory
3 General Linear Systems
4 Time
invariant Linear Systems with Delay
5 Properties of Characteristic Values
6 Equations Close to Autonomous and Ordinary Differential Ones
7 Periodic Systems
8 Linear Equations with Oscillating Coefficients
9 Linear Equations with Slowly Varying Coefficients
10 Nonlinear Vector Equations
11 Scalar Nonlinear Equations
12 Forced Oscillations in Vector Semi
Linear Equations
13 Steady States of Differential Delay Equations
14 Multiplicative Representations of Solution
ISBN:9783034805773
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Frontiers in Mathematics, 1660-8046
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Systems theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461434306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tragedy and Triumph in Orbit [electronic resource] : The Eighties and Early Nineties
Author(s): Ben Evans
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:April 12, 2011, was the 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin's pioneering journey into space. To commemorate this momentous achievement, Springer-Praxis is producing a mini series of books that reveals how humanity's knowledge offlying, working, and livi ng in space has grown in the last half century. Tragedy and Triumph in Orbit, the fourth book in the series, explores the tumultuous events of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, a time whenareinvigorated Cold War between the United States and the S oviet Union bred further distrust and intense competition between the two old foes. As the Shuttle sought to fulfill its mandate of regular, routine access to space, a fatalAchilles heel in the system remained undetected until, one freezing January day in 1986, it made itself known with horrifying suddenness on millions of television screens across the world. Systemic flaws, and the urgent need to resolvethem, led to several years of introspection, while the Soviet program seemed to prosper and cosmonauts spent longer periods in space than ever before. By the end of the 1980s, a pair of Soviet success masked political changes on theground, changes which would dramatically turn a once-proud human space program into a mere shadow of what it was. The consequ ence would be a rocky road to an unlikely partnership
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Illustrations
Author's Preface
Acknowledgements
Chapter 1: We deliver
Chapter 2: A final Soviet salute
Chapter 3: An age of innocence
Chapter 4: Road to Peace
Chapter 5: New beginnings
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9781461434306
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642177798:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coulombic Fluids [electronic resource] : Bulk and Interfaces
Author(s): Werner Freyland
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ionic liquids have attracted considerable interest in recent years. In this book the bulk and interfacial physico-chemical characteristics of various fluid systems dominated by Coulomb interactions are treated which includesmolten salts, ionic liquid s as well as metal-molten salt mixtures and expanded fluid metals. Of particular interest is the comparison of the different systems. Topics in the bulk phase concern the microscopic structure, the phasebehaviour and critical phenomena, and the metal-nonm etal transition. Interfacial phenomena include wetting transitions, electrowetting, surface freezing, and the electrified ionic liquid/ electrode interface. With regard to the latter2D and 3D electrochemical phase formation of metals and semi-conductors o n the nanometer scale is described for a number of selected examples. The basic concepts and various experimental methods are introduced making the book suitablefor both graduate students and researchers interested in Coulombic fluids
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Liquid metals, molten salts, and ionic liquids
Bulk peculiarities: metal
nonmetal (M
NM) transitions
Interfacial phase transitions
Electrified ionic liquid/solid interfaces
ISBN:9783642177798
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v168
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662048009:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-Smooth Thermomechanics
Author(s): Michel Frémond
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (480 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04800-9
Contents:1. The Description of a Material -- 3. The Constitutive Laws. Case of No Constraint on the State Quantities or Their Velocities -- 5. The Constitutive Laws on a Discontinuity Surface -- 6. Deformable Solids with Interactions at a
Distance -- 7. Deformable Solids Without Interaction at a Distance -- 8. Collision of Rigid Bodies. Multiple Collisions -- 9. Evolution of Two Deformable Solids with Collisions -- 10. Material with Volume Interactions at a Distance.
Fibre Reinforced Material -- 11. Solid—Liquid Phase Change. Supercooling. Soil Freezing -- 12. Damage. Gradient of Damage -- 13. Shape Memory Alloys -- 14. Unilateral Contact. Contact with Adhesion -- A.1 Convex Functions -- A.1.1
Subgradient of a Convex Function. Subdifferential Set -- A.1.2 Indicator Function of a Set -- A.1.5 Indicator Function of the Segment [0, 1] -- A.1.7 Indicator Function of a Triangle -- A.1.9 A Property of the Subdifferential Set --
A.1.10The Dual Function of a Convex Function -- A.2 Material Derivatives -- A.2.1 Material Derivative of a Function -- A.2.2 Material Derivative of a Surface Integral -- A.2.3 Material Derivative of a Double Surface Integral -- A.2.4
Mass Balance on a Surface -- A.2.5 Material Derivatives of Integrals of Mass Densities -- References
ISBN:9783662048009
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Mechanics, Applied , Physics , Mechanics , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Applications of Mathematics , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401598071:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interactive Dynamics of Convection and Solidification
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (272 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-9807-1
Contents:I Microscale phenomena -- 1 Flow-induced morphologies in directional solidification -- 2 Localized morphologies in directional solidification of binary alloys -- 3 Long wave and short wave oscillatory patterns in rapid directional
solidification -- 4 Stability of solidifying material in an under-cooled melt with convection -- 5 Time-dependent behavior of dendrites under diffusion-controlled conditions -- 6 Velocity and shape selection of dendritic crystals in a
forced flow -- 7 Simulation of natural convection effects on dendritic growth -- 8 Measurements of liquid diffusion coefficients -- II Mushy zone phenomena -- 9 Interfaces on all scales -- 10 Mushy zones with fully developed chimneys
-- 11 Model for meso-segregation in forced convection using phase-averaging -- 12 Coupling macro and micro phenomena during solidification of alloys -- 13 Mechanical characteristics of semi-solid steels -- 14 Solidification in ternary
systems -- 15 Phase transitions in liquid crystalline elastomers -- III Macroscale phenomena -- 16 Recent developments in modelling continuous casting of steel -- 17 Magnetic stirring in horizontal continuous casting -- 18
Solidification-induced secondary flows in spin-casting -- 19 Spreading flows with solidification — top crusting -- 20 Melt spreading with temperature-dependent viscosity -- 21 Convection in transient flows of solidifying oxidic
mixtures -- 22 Axisymmetric spreading of melts with basal solidification -- 23 The wetting of metallic substrates by low melting point alloys -- 24 Solidifying sessile water droplets -- 25 Convection and interface shape during
Czochralski crystal growth -- 26 A moving grid model for melting and solidification problems -- 27 In-situ real-time visualization of solidifying and melting metallic alloys -- 28 Freezing of pure melt flowing into tubes -- Topic Index
-- Author Index
ISBN:9789401598071
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Continuum physics , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Crystallography , Metals , Physics , Mechanics , Classical Continuum Physics , Metallic Materials , Crystallography , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783540456704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (582 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45670-8
Contents:Fundamentals: Methods, Materials and Metaphors -- The Language of Pattern and Form -- Geophysical Aspects of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics -- to Rheology and Application to Geophysics -- Granular Material Theories Revisited -- Hot --
Earth’s Surface Morphology and Convection in the Mantle -- Morphological Instabilities in Flows with Cooling, Freezing or Dissolution -- Shallow Lava Theory -- Explosive Volcanic Eruptions -- Cold -- The Dynamics of Snow and Ice Masses
-- Response of Italian Glaciers to Climatic Variations -- Asymptotic Theories of Ice Sheets and Ice Shelves -- Aspects of Iceberg Deterioration and Drift -- Snow Avalanches -- Dense Granular Avalanches: Mathematical Description and
Experimental Validation -- Dirty -- Patterns of Dirt -- 16 Invitation to Sediment Transport -- Types of Aeolian Sand Dunes and Their Formation -- Dunes and Drumlins -- Estuarine Patterns: An Introduction to Their Morphology and
Mechanics -- Longshore Bars and Bragg Resonance -- 21 Debris Flows and Related Phenomena -- Mud Flow— Slow and Fast
ISBN:9783540456704
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 582
Keywords: Physics , Earth sciences , Geology , Geophysics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Fluids , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Earth Sciences, general , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Applications of Mathematics , Geology , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642597510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Traffic and Granular Flow ’99 Social, Traffic, and Granular Dynamics
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (522 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-59751-0
Contents:Foreword -- Preface -- List of Participants -- Social Dynamics -- Recurrence in Physical and Social Systems -- Econophysics: What Can Physicists Contribute to Economics? -- Catastrophe Effects and Optimal Extensions of Transportation
Flows in the Developing Urban System: A Review -- Evolutionary Models of Innovation Dynamics -- Universality of Group Decision Making -- Formation of Opinions under the Influence of Competing Agents -a Mean Field Approach -- Search for
Intelligence by Motion Analysis -) -- Anticipatory Traffic Forecast Using Multi-Agent Techniques -- Modal Split and Social Dilemmas -- Synthetising Brillouin Information-Thermodynamic Approach with the Social Synergetics Weidlich-Haag
Model -- Biology, Internet, Transport Theory -- Evolution of Molecular Phenotypes - A Physicist’s View of Darwin’s Principle -- Stochastic Resonance and Brownian Machinery: New Results -New Applications - New Goals -- Studies of
Bacterial Cooperative Organization -- Collective Motion and Optimal Self-Organisation in Self-Driven Systems -- Active Brownian Particles with Internal Energy Depot -- Associative Memory of a Pulse-Coupled Noisy Neural Network with
Delays: The Lighthouse Model -- Application of Neural Networks for Predictive and Control Purposes -- Optimizing Traffic in Virtual and Real Space -- Is Boltzmann’s Equation Physically Insufficient? -- Fractional Evolution Equations
and Irreversibility -- Dynamical Theory of Steady State Selection in Open Driven Diffusive Systems -- Application of a Deterministic Scheme for the Boltzmann Equation in Modelling Shock Wave Focusing -- Nonlinear Waves and Moving
Clusters on Rings -- Freezing by Heating in a Pedestrian Model -- Traffic Data and Applications -- Phase Transitions in Traffic Flow -- An Integrated Model of Transport and Urban Evolution (ITEM) -Traffic and City Development in
Emergent Nations -- Statistical Analysis of Freeway Traffic -- Nonlinear Control of Stop-and-Go Traffic -- Online Simulation and State Estimation for a Traffic Flow Model -- Traffic News by Dynamic Fuzzy Classification -- Evaluation of
Single Vehicle Data in Dependence of the Vehicle-Type, Lane, and Site -- Forecasting of Traffic Congestion -- Empirical Phase Diagram of Traffic Flow on Highways with On-Ramp -- On-Line Simulation of the Freeway Network of North
Rhine-Westphalia -- Traffic Data Collection Using Image Processing Technology -- Modelling of Traffic Flow -- Microscopic Simulation of Congested Traffic -- Order Parameter as an Additional State Variable of Unstable Traffic Flow --
Macroscopic Simulation of Open Systems and Micro-Macro Link -- Relating Car-Following and Continuum Models of Road Traffic -- Microscopic Randomness in Foliow-the-Leader Dynamics -- “Car-SPH”: A Lagrangian Particle Scheme for the
Solution of the Macroscopic Traffic Flow Equations -- An Exactly Solvable Two-Way Traffic Model with Ordered Sequential Update -- Exact Traveling Cluster Solutions of Differential Equations with Delay for a Traffic Flow Model -- Stable
and Metastable States in Congested Traffic -- Detailed Microscopic Rules to Simulate Multilane Freeway Traffic -- CA Models for Traffic Flow: Comparison with Empirical Single-Vehicle Data -- A New Cellular Automata Model for City
Traffic -- Stochastic Boundary Conditions in the Nagel-Schreckenberg Traffic Model -- A Stochastic Multi-Cluster Model of Freeway Traffic -- Granular Dynamics -- Jamming Patterns and Blockade Statistics in Model Granular Flows --
Kinetics of Granular Gases -- Particle Segregation in the Context of the Species Momentum Balances -- Avalanche Parameters: Dependence on the Size of the Granular Packing -- Ripple Formation in a Saltation-Avalanche Model -- Particle
Diffusion and Segregation in Rotating Cylinders -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Cohesive Granular Materials -- A Model for Slowly Moving Granular Matter -- Pressure Distribution of a Two-Dimensional Sandpile
ISBN:9783642597510
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Condensed matter , Automotive engineering , Environmental sciences , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Automotive Engineering , Math. Appl. in Environmental Science , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401145640:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Approaches to Problems in Liquid State Theory Inhomogeneities and Phase Separation in Simple, Complex and Quantum Fluids
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (521 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4564-0
Contents:Charged And Polar, Liquids, Phase Transitions and Metastability -- Understanding criticality: Simple fluids and ionic fluids -- Equation of state and critical behavior of simple fluid models -- Phase separation and critical phenomena
in simple fluids and in binary mixtures -- Critical behaviour of the restricted primitive model (RPM) -- Phase diagram of dipolar hard-core molecule systems -- New results on some ionic-fluid problems -- Fluids with internal degrees of
freedom -- Replica and glasses -- Nematic to smectic: A “hard” transition -- Interfaces And Confined Fluids -- Fluids in model pores or cavities: The influence of confinement on structure and phase behaviour. I. DFT for small systems:
hard spheres in a spherical cavity -- Fluids in model pores or cavities: The influence of confinement on structure and phase behaviour. II. Freezing and condensation transitions of confined fluids -- Bulk and surface properties of
dipolar fluids -- Fluids in contact with structured substrates -- Liquid state methods for disordered systems -- Inhomogeneous fluids in an external field -- Free energy density functional from OD cavities -- Geometrically based free
energy functional for confined hard spheres and the density functional theory for simple classical systems -- Charge-stabilized colloids confined to a slit: A case for attraction between like charged particles -- Wetting phase
transitions and petroleum reservoirs -- Complex Fluids -- Atomistic computer simulation studies of surfactant systems -- On effective interactions in colloidal physics -- Theory and simulations of polymers at surfaces -- Static
structure and chain conformations in polyelectrolyte solutions -- Theories of hydrophobic effects and the description of free volume in complex liquids -- Theoretical and simulation study of model protein solutions -- Quantum Fluids --
Ab initio liquids: Simulating liquids based on first principles -- Progress in the theory of inhomogeneous 4He -- Tight-binding lattice-gas model: Alkali fluids -- Current-density functional theory of time-dependent linear response in
quantal fluids: Recent progress -- List of participants
ISBN:9789401145640
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 529
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Condensed matter , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783540484103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Cold-Region Thermal Engineering and Sciences Technological, Environmental, and Climatological Impact Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium Held in Darmstadt, Germany, 22–25 August 1999
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (610 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104166
Contents:Some observations on the historical development of conduction heat transfer -- Numerical and experimental investigation on frosting of energy-recovery ventilator -- Melting of unfixed material inside an elliptical capsule --
Experimental study on the critical heat flux of ice accretion along a fine wire immersed in a cold air flow with water spray -- The characteristics of frost growth on parallel plates -- Effect of ultrasonic waves on freezing of
supercooled water -- Numerical modeling of dendritic ice crystals -- Measurement of temperature and velocity fields of freezing water using liquid crystal tracers -- Heat transfer enhancement of a direct contact melting process by
oscillating motion -- Permeability of an aqueous solution in a state of partial solidification -- Lateral freezing of a porous medium saturated with an aqueous salt solution -- Spontaneous melting of ice in a CaCl2 solution -- An
analytic solution prescribing the time-dependent formation of a solid crust inside a convectively cooled plane channel -- Melting heat-transfer characteristics of an inclined ice plate immersed in a hydrophobic liquid -- Plane flow of
an ice sheet exhibiting strain-induced anisotropy -- A meso-macro model for the description of induced anisotropy of natural ice, including grain interaction -- Classical mixture models for polythermal ice -- Modelling the ice
single-crystal viscoplastic behaviour -- Remarks on self-consistent modelling of polycrystalline ice -- Anisotropic isothermal ice-cap flow with the shallow ice approximation -- Orthotropic viscous model for ice -- Tertiary flow
relations for compression and shear components in combined stress tests on ice -- An iterative solution procedure for shallow stokes flows. The shallow ice approximation revisited -- Nested high-resolution modelling of the greenland
summit region -- Numerical age computation of the antarctic ice sheet for dating deep ice cores -- Three-dimensional isothermal boundary layer solutions of slow creeping ice flows based on the shallow ice approximation -- A comparison
study between two visco-plastic sea-ice models -- Influence of ice accumulation distribution on ice sheet stability -- A computational procedure for instationary temperature-dependent snow creep -- Transformation of the snow crystal to
a particle of ice -- Temperature and temperature gradient dependence of snow recrystallization in depth hoar snow -- On creep flow of snow and firn -- Relation of temperature gradient to heat transfer in snow -- Methods of similitude
in granular avalanche flows -- Experimental study of gas hydrate formation in porous media -- Electroacoustic technique to study changes in the liquid phase state of frozen soils -- Permeability effects on winter-time natural
convection in gravel embankments -- Barothermic effect and temperature regime of frozen soil -- Detecting alpine permafrost using electro-magnetic methods -- Climatic warming and permafrost -- The monitoring and prediction of
permafrost temperature, distribution and geocryological processes within russia under global climate changes -- Thermally induced temporal strain variations in rock walls observed at subzero temperatures -- Soil microstructure and the
thermodynamic behaviour of permafrost affected soils -- Heat transfer in heat storage arrangements under melting -- Microscale analysis of ice crystals made from aqueous solutions by scanning tunneling microscope -- Development study
of a novel tower-style tank for simultaneous storing warm water and ice -- Latent heat storage in a fixed-bed packed with cross-linked polymer particles -- Development of an efficient static-type ice thermal energy storage vessel using
a low concentration aqueous solution -- Heat storage for a bus petrol internal-combustion engine -- Heat pumps and heat pipes for applications in cold regions
ISBN:9783540484103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 533
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Engineering , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Engines , Machinery , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Engine Technology , Engineering, general , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781475799750:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Density Functional Theory
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (676 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9975-0
Contents:Overview of Density Functional Theory -- Coordinate Scaling Requirements for Approximating Exchange and Correlation -- Energy Functionals: Gradient Expansions and Beyond -- Density Gradient Expansion of the Electronic
Exchange-Correlation Energy, and its Generalization -- Density Functional Aspects of Relativistic Field Theories -- Excited States and Electron-Atom Scattering -- Density Functional Theory of Time-Dependent Systems -- Density
Functional Formalism in Relativistic Nuclear Mean Field Theory -- Recent Developments in Kohn-Sham Theory for Orbital Dependent Exchange-Correlation Energy Functionals -- Physical Interpretation of Electron Correlation in the
Local-Density Approximation -- Topology of Electron Density and Open Quantum Systems -- Molecules and Molecular Dynamics -- Applications of Density Functional Theory in Chemistry -- Simple Views of Metallic Clusters -- Charge
Sensitivity Analysis as Diagnostic Tool for Predicting Trends in Chemical Reactivity -- Metallic Surfaces and Density Functional Theory -- Density Functional Theory of the Superconducting State -- Fluctuations in Density Functional
Theory: Random Metallic Alloys and Itinerant Paramagnets -- Current Density Functional Theory and Orbital Magnetism -- Valence Density Functionals -- Local Density Functional and Strong On-Site Correlations: The Electronic Structure of
La2CuO4 -- Mixed-Basis Scheme for DFT Calculations -- Energetics of Solid Surfaces: Clusters and Anticlusters, Generalized Liquid-Drop Model, Energy Density, Stress Field, and Rigorous Theorems -- Inhomogeneous Fluids and the Freezing
Transition -- Density Functional Methods for Plasmas and Liquid Metals -- Density Functional Approach to Vortex Matter -- Participants
ISBN:9781475799750
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 337
Keywords: Physics , Continuum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical Continuum Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781475797916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Approaches to Novel Condensed Matter Systems Applications to Classical and Quantum Systems
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (280 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9791-6
Contents:Computational Approaches to Novel Condensed Matter Systems: An Overview -- to Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations of Electronic Systems -- Density Functionals, Molecular Dynamics, and More -- Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations
in Solids -- Computer Simulation of Materials Using Parallel Architectures -- Molecular Dynamics on a Massively Parallel Computer for Application to Surface Systems -- Friedel Oscillations in Condensed Matter Calculations -- Collective
Electronic Oscillations on C60 -- Theoretical Studies of Semiconductor Surfaces with Particular Reference to Fluorine and Chlorine Chemisorption on Si(001) -- Functional Integral Techniques in Condensed Matter Physics -- Disordered
Electronic Materials and Spin Glasses -- Freezing: Density Functional Theory -- Application of the Local Chemical Potential to the Quantum Hall Effect in a Ballistic Quantum Wire -- Finite Lattice Calculations for Magnetic Systems
ISBN:9781475797916
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642843297:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clusters of Atoms and Molecules Theory, Experiment, and Clusters of Atoms
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (422 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-84329-7
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 What are Clusters? -- 1.2 What Makes Clusters Interesting? -- 1.3 How Does One Make Clusters? -- 1.4 Experiments with Clusters -- 1.5 Experiments Not Possible Today -- 1.6 Cluster, Tantalizing Subjects for
Theoretical Studies -- 1.7 Clusters Make New Kinds of Materials -- 1.8 New Chemistry -- 1.9 Outlook -- 2 Theoretical Concepts -- 2.1 Quantum Chemistry of Clusters -- References -- 2.2 Tight-Binding and Hückel Models of Molecular
Clusters -- References -- 2.3 Density Functional Calculations for Clusters -- References -- 2.4 Transition from van der Waals to Metallic Bonding in Clusters -- Appendix A: Slave-Boson Approach to Electron Correlations in Small
Clusters -- Appendix B: On the Size Dependence of the Ionization Energy of Small Clusters -- References -- 2.5 Analytic Cluster Models and Interpolation Formulae for Cluster Properties -- References -- 2.6 Shell Structure in Atoms,
Nuclei and in Metals Clusters -- References -- 2.7 Introduction to Statistical Reaction Rate Theories -- References -- 2.8 Melting and Freezing of Clusters: How They Happen and What They Mean -- References -- 3 Experimental Methods --
3.1 Sources -- 3.2 Detection of Cluster Ions -- 3.3 Electron Diffraction -- 3.4 Methods for the Production of (Nearly) Mass Selected Neutral Cluster Beams -- 3.5 Mass Spectrometers -- 3.6 Optical Spectroscopy -- 3.7 Infrared
Spectroscopy -- 3.8 Photo Electron Spectroscopy -- 3.9 Recent Developments -- References -- 4 Across the Periodic Table -- 4.1 Alkali Clusters -- References -- 4.2 Clusters of s2p1 Metals and Semiconductors -- References -- 4.3
Transition Metal Clusters: Physical Properties -- References -- 4.4 Carbon Clusters -- References -- 4.5 Oxides and Halides of Alkali Metals -- References -- 4.6 Rare Gas Clusters -- References -- 4.7 Neutral Molecular Clusters --
References
ISBN:9783642843297
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics: 52
Keywords: Physics , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Atoms , Condensed matter , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Physical Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783540475521:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complex Fluids Proceedings of the XII Sitges Conference Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, 1–5 June 1992
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (416 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-56396-2
Contents:The phase behaviour of colloid-polymer and colloid-colloid mixtures -- Dynamics of crystallization in model hard sphere suspensions -- Structure of dna mesophases -- Charge structure in electrolytes and polyelectrolytes. Experimental
evidence and interpretation -- Ferrofluids. Hydrodynamical and statistical aspects -- Ferrofluids : Magneto-optic effects in time dependent magnetic fields -- Colloidal stability influence on rheology of magnetic fluids -- NMR and
dynamics in polymeric systems. Melts, gels and blends -- Weakly charged polyelectrolytes solutions -- Order through disorder: Entropy-driven phase transitions -- Polydisperse complex fluids -- Monte Carlo simulation of liquid n-alkanes
-- Transport in electrolytes using the mean spherical approximation: Electrical conductance and self-diffusion coefficient as a function of concentration in solutions -- Computer simulation of macromolecules in solution: Modelling of
solvent effects on ions in water -- Orientational freezing within the effective liquid approach -- Rheology of textured materials -- Physical modelling using microparticles -- Bridging in grafted layers : Statics and kinetics -- Stress
relaxation in diblock copolymers -- A molecular theory for spatially inhomogeneous, concentrated solutions of rod-like liquid crystal polymers -- Intermittency patterns of fluctuations in disaggregating systems -- Void fraction
dynamics in fluidization -- Micelles and microemulsions -- Froths and foams -- Clustering and relaxation in oil-continuous microemulsions -- Neutron scattering experiments on nonaqueous electrolyte solutions -- Nematogenic fluids in
shear flow: A laboratory for nonequilibrium physics -- Dynamic structure factor of sponge phases -- Liquid crystal formation in semiflexible polymer solutions: effects of chain stiffness, electrostatic interaction, and polydispersity
ISBN:9783540475521
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 415
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401726832:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Plant Membranes A biophysical approach to structure, development and senescence
Author(s): Ya’Acov Y Leshem
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (4 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-2683-2
Contents:1. Introduction -- One The building blocks of the membrane -- 2. Membrane fatty acyl tailgroups -- 3. Membrane glycerolipid and sphingolipid headgroups -- 4. Sterols -- 5. Membrane proteins -- 6. Membrane water -- Two Biophysical
aspects of membrane structure and function -- 7. Plant membrane biophysics in development and senescence -- Three The membrane in action -- 8. The role of calcium in the membrane -- 9. Membrane-associated phospholytic and lipolytic
enzymes -- 10. Response of plant membranes to chilling and freezing -- 11. The plasma membrane and tonoplast of guard cells -- 12. Signal transduction, Ca2+-triggered membrane glycerolipid turnover and growth/senescence equilibria --
Epilogue -- Abbreviations
ISBN:9789401726832
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Biochemistry , Plant science , Botany , Plant physiology , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Plant Sciences , Plant Physiology , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781468413571:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Growth and Form Nonlinear Aspects
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (512 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-1357-1
Contents:Viscous Fingering -- Singularities in complex interface dynamics -- Saffman Taylor finger problem with thin film effects -- Growth of non-reflection symmetric patterns -- Dendritic Growth -- An experimental assessment of continuum
models of dendritic growth -- Dendritic solidification of rares gases -- Light scattering experiments during the freezing and melting transition -- Sidebranching of xenon dendrites -- Experimental determination of rapid dendrite growth
velocities in largely undercooled metals -- Dendrites growing in the presence of an external flow: The cases of PVA and NH4Br -- Dendritic growth of NH4C1: Nucleation, boundary conditions, periodic and aperiodic morphologies --
Anisotropic ordered phases in Langmuir monolayers -- Directional Solidification of a Binary Mixture -- A numerical analysis of dendritic and cellular growth of a pure material investigating the transition from ‘array’ to ‘isolated’
growth -- Cell shapes and wavelength selection in directional solidification -- Deep cells in directional solidification -- Cellular profiles in directional solidification: is the Saffman-Taylor branch of solutions the physically
relevant one? -- Pattern formation in directional solidification -- Directional growth of a faceted smectic B plastic crystal -- Facetting of weakly anisotropic materials -- Directional growth of lamellar eutectics -- Array disorder,
pattern selection and local dendritic transition in cellular directional solidification -- Flame Propagation -- Sound and flames -- Experimental investigation of acoustic instabilities of premixed flames -- Sound generated by cellular
flames -- Simulation of flame fronts by sources of fluid volume -- Excitable Media -- Vortex interactions in the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation -- Velocity selection in two-dimensional excitable media: From spiral waves to retracting
fingers -- Steadily rotating spirals in excitable media -- Growth and Statistical Physics -- Diffusion controlled growth phenomena: From smooth interfaces to fractal structures -- Competing structures in DLA and viscous fingering --
Experimental evidence for spatio-temporal chaos in diffusion-limited growth phenomena -- Why nature makes fractals -- Crack formation: crossovers between different growth regimes and critical behavior -- Theoretical models for crystal
growth from atom beams -- Scaling and a possible phase transition in models for thin film growth -- Inhomogeneous growth of rough surfaces -- Crossover phenomena in kinetic roughening -- Miscellaneous Subjects -- Three short stories on
chiral structures in condensed matter -- On the growth and form of dislocation patterns -- Rayleigh-Taylor instability of a thin layer -- Stable laws in breath figures on a one-dimensional substrate -- Ordering process in the
diffusively coupled logistic lattice -- Fractional statistic and planar brownian winding -- Crystallization and convection in cooling magma chambers -- Nonlinear systems far from equilibrium and missing route to “Living State” --
Participants
ISBN:9781468413571
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 276
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Materials science , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781461521174:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modified Atmosphere Packaging Of Food
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (293 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2117-4
Contents:1 Introduction: Review of the Development of Modified Atmosphere Packaging -- 1.1 Historical perspective -- 1.2 Perishability of food -- 1.3 Conclusions -- References -- 2 Scientific Principles of Controlled/Modified Atmosphere
Packaging -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Effect of food type -- 2.3 Gas atmosphere -- 2.4 Hypobaric storage -- 2.5 Conclusions -- References -- 3 Technological Considerations in Modified Atmosphere Packaging -- 3.1 Packaging materials --
3.2 Packaging technology -- 3.3 Storage temperature -- 3.4 Shelf-life dating of MAP food -- References -- 4 Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Bakery Products -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Comparative economy of MAP vs freezing -- 4.3
Application of MAP to other bakery products -- 4.4 Studies of mould problems -- 4.5 Studies of yeast problems -- 4.6 Conclusions and recommendations -- References -- 5 Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Meat, Poultry and Their Products
-- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Factors influencing storage life of meat -- 5.3 Applicability of MAP to different meat types -- 5.4 Meat microbiology -- 5.5 Packaging systems for meat -- 5.6 Research needs -- References -- 6 Modified
Atmosphere Packaging of Fish and Fish Products -- 6.1 Problems -- 6.2 Past and present developments -- 6.3 Synopsis of benefits of MAP -- 6.4 Risks associated with MAP of fish products -- 6.5 Future developments -- References -- 7
Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Fruits and Vegetables -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Quality considerations -- 7.3 An integrated approach to MAP technology of fruits and vegetables -- 7.4 Chemical composition and structure of fruits and
vegetables -- 7.5 Respiration in fruits and vegetables -- 7.6 Ripening of fruits -- 7.7 Strategy for prolonging the shelf life of fresh fruits and vegetables -- 7.8 Dimensions of modified atmosphere packaging -- 7.9 Complementary
factors to modified atmosphere packaging -- 7.10 Packaging systems -- 7.11 Dynamics of gases within fruits and vegetables under MAP -- 7.12 Responses of fruits and vegetables to low O2 and high CO2 levels in modified atmospheres --
7.13 The future of MAP -- References -- 8 Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Miscellaneous Products -- 8.1 Convenience foods -- 8.2 Dairy products -- 8.3 Intermediate moisture foods -- 8.4 Dehydrated foods -- 8.5 Conclusion -- References
-- 9 Further Research in Modified Atmosphere Packaging -- 9.1 Shelf life extension and safety -- 9.2 Packaging materials -- 9.3 Headspace atmospheres -- 9.4 Effects of MAP on organoleptic quality of products -- 9.5 Quality assurance
for MAP operations -- References
ISBN:9781461521174
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Chemistry , Food , Chemistry , Food Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400929296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Time Domain in Surface and Structural Dynamics
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (590 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2929-6
Contents:1. Timescales of Physical Measurements: Some Elementary Considerations -- 2. Time: Its History and Measurement. Billions of Years Within a Nanosecond -- 3. Galileo, His Life in Pisa and His Scientific Instruments -- 4. Time Domain NMR
and Magic Angle Spinning -- 5. Chemical, Molecular and Spin Dynamics -- 6. Effects of Molecular Motions on NMR Parameters of Solid State Spectra -- 7. Deuterium NMR Studies of Dynamics in Solids -- 8. Protein Dynamics and the Time
Domain -- 9. Domain Motions in Proteins -- 10. Quasi-elastic and Inelastic Neutron Scattering -- 11. Probing Structural Dynamics by Very High Resolution Neutron Three Axis Spin Echo Spectroscopy -- 12. Dynamic Processes as Followed by
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance -- 13. The Time Domain in Intramolecular Electron Transfer Reactions -- 14. Dynamics of Interionic Electron Transfer -- 15. Mossbauer Spectroscopy and its Application to Studies of Time-dependent
Phenomena -- 16. Mossbauer Spectral Lineshapes in the Presence of Electronic State Relaxation -- 17. Mossbauer Spectroscopy Studies of Relaxation Phenomena in Ultrafine Particles -- 18. Mossbauer Spectroscopy Studies of Paramagnetic
Relaxation -- 19. Competition between Deloalization and Crystallization for Electrons in the Low-temperature Modification of the Mixed-valence Iron Oxyphosphate, beta-Fe2P05 -- 20. Electron Transfer in CaFe305 -- 21. Time Differential
Perturbed Angular Correlation Studies of Dynamic Systems -- 22. Muon Spin Relaxation: A Novel Magnetic Resonance Technique to Study Dynamic and Static Magnetism -- 23. Magnetic Dynamics in Oxides, As Observed by Muon Spin Relaxation --
24. Magnetic Susceptibility Studies of Time-dependent Phenomena: Application to the Magnetic Relaxation Processes in Fine Particles and in Spin-glasses -- 25. Muon Spin Research on Spin-glasses -- 26. Adsorption Studies Using Low
Energy Electron Diffraction -- 27. Neutron Scattering Studies of the Structure, Phase Transitions, and Dynamics of Commensurate Herringbone Monolayers Physisorbed on Graphite -- 28. Non-bonded Intermolecular Interactions and their
Modification in the Presence of a Surface -- 29. Timescale Considerations in the Characterization of Melting and Freezing in Microclusters -- Author index
ISBN:9789400929296
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 228
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9783642830648:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microclusters Proceedings of the First NEC Symposium, Hakone and Kawasaki, Japan, October 20–23, 1986
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (292 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-83064-8
Contents:I Shell Model -- Shell Structure in Clusters -- SIMS Experiments on Metal Cluster Ions -- Stability of Alkali Metal Clusters -- II Electronic Structure -- Electron Correlations and Chemical Bonding in Aggregates — a Simplified
Approach -- Phenomenological and Microscopic Theories of Structure -- Electronic Structure of Microclusters -- Electronic Structure of Small Clusters -- Electronic Structure, Cohesion, and Effective Interatomic Potentials in Small
Transition Metal Particles -- Force Calculation in Density Functional and Muffin-Tin Orbital Framework -- The Electronic Structure of Transition Metal Clusters -- Theoretical Study of the Electronic Structure of CO Adsorbed on Small Cu
Clusters -- III New Experiments -- Optical and Dynamical Properties of Metal Clusters -- Molecular Surfaces: Chemistry and Physics of Gas Phase Clusters -- Multiphoton Ionization of Sodium Halide Clusters -- Dynamical Aspects of
Molecular Clusters Studied by Multiphoton Ionization Technique -- Production of Metal Clusters by Nozzle Beam Expansion and Analysis by TOF Mass Spectrometry -- Size Dependence of Photoluminescence in CdSe Clusters -- IV Dynamical
Processes -- Equilibrium Structures and Dynamical Processes in Microclusters -- Many Body Effects on Static and Dynamical Properties of Si, C, and K Microclusters -- Total Energy Surfaces: (S8)n -- Theoretical Study on
Photodissociation Processes of Lithium Metal Microclusters -- Ionization of Clusters in Collision with High-Rydberg Excited Rare Gas Atoms -- Theory of Electron Attachment of Van der Waals Microclusters -- Time Evolution of Electronic
States in Microclusters -- V Structural Fluctuations -- Some Experiments on Structural Instability of Small Particles of Metals -- Melting and Freezing of Microclusters from Analytics and Simulations -- Dynamics of Transition-Metal
Clusters -- VI Larger Microclusters -- Energy-Level Statistics of Metal Particles -- Cluster Reaction from the Viewpoint of Nuclear Reaction -- Stability of a Charged Small Particle Against Surface Shape Fluctuations -- VII
Semiconductor Clusters -- Production and Photofragmentation of Semiconductor Clusters and Cluster Ions -- Dynamical Characteristics of Laser Vaporization Process in Group IV Elements -- Localized Orbital Approach to Carbon Clusters --
Electronic and Structural Theory of Group-IV Microclusters -- Effects of Electrostatic Field on the Electronic Structure of Microclusters -- Quantum Box: Gallium Arsenide Microclusters Embedded in Aluminum Arsenide -- Electronic
Structure of the Superatom -- Index of Contributors -- Picture of Participants
ISBN:9783642830648
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 4
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9783642830587:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Hamiltonians to Phase Diagrams The Electronic and Statistical-Mechanical Theory of sp-Bonded Metals and Alloys
Author(s): Jürgen Hafner
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (404 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-83058-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Why This Book Was Written and What It Contains -- 1.2 The Thermodynamic Origin of Phase Diagrams -- 1.3 Adiabatic Decoupling of the Ionic and Electronic Degrees of Freedom -- 1.4 The One-Electron Approximation
-- 1.5 Tightly-Bound and Nearly-Free Electrons Potentials and Pseudopotentials -- 1.6 Response Theory and Interatomic Interactions -- 1.7 The Statistical Mechanics of a Vibrating Lattice -- 1.8 Periodic, Aperiodic and Quasi-Periodic
Structures -- 1.9 Elementary Excitations in Aperiodic Structures -- 1.10 Configurational Thermodynamics of Solids and Liquids -- 2. Interatomic Forces in Metals and Alloys -- 2.1 Pseudopotentials -- 2.2 Response Theory -- 2.3 Effective
Pair Potentials in Pure Metals -- 2.4 Effective Pair Potentials in Binary Alloys -- 2.5 Interatomic Forces in Non-Simple Metals and Alloys -- 2.6 Beyond Perturbation Theory -- 3. Phase Stability of Crystalline Metals -- 3.1
Simple-Metal Cohesion -- 3.2 Structural Stability -- 3.3 Trends in Crystal Structures -- 3.4 Pressure-Induced Phase Changes -- 3.5 Thermodynamics of Crystalline Metals -- 3.6 Temperature-Induced Phase Changes -- 4. Structure and
Thermodynamics of Liquid Metals -- 4.1 Computer Simulations -- 4.2 Integral Equation Approach -- 4.3 Thermodynamic Perturbation Theories -- 4.4 Trends in Liquid Structures -- 4.5 Expanded Fluid Metals -- 4.6 Structure and
Thermodynamics of Liquid Transition and Rare-Earth Metals -- 4.7 Atomic Motion in Liquid Metals -- 5. The pT Phase Diagram of Pure Metals -- 5.1 Solid-Liquid Trnasitions: The Total Energy Approach -- 5.2 Microscopic Theories of Melting
and Freezing -- 5.3 The Liquid-Vapour Transition -- 6. Alloy Formation and Stability -- 6.1 Nearly-Free-Electron Approach to Alloy Formation -- 6.2 Miedema’s Semiempirical Theory of Alloy Formation -- 7. Solid Substitutional Alloys --
7.1 Primary Solid Solutions -- 7.2 Hume-Rothery Phases -- 7.3 Static Lattice Distortions -- 7.4 Ordering in Substitutional Alloys -- 7.5 Thermodynamics of Alloys -- 8. Intermetallic Compounds -- 8.1 Structure Maps -- 8.2 Empirical
Pair-Potential Analysis of Intermetallic Phases -- 8.3 Classification of Intermetallic Phases According to Building Principles and Properties -- 8.4 Topologically Close-Packed Intermetallic Compounds (Frank-Kasper Phases) -- 8.5
Intermetallic Phases with Large Band-Structure Stabilization -- 9. Liquid Alloys -- 9.1 Computer Simulations of Binary Liquid Alloys -- 9.2 Thermodynamic Variational Calculations -- 9.3 Thermodynamic Perturbation Theory -- 9.4
Structure and Thermodynamics of Liquid Transition-Metal Alloys -- 9.5 Collective Excitations in Liquid Alloys -- 10. Alloy Phase Diagrams -- 10.1 First Principles Calculations of Alloy Phase Diagrams -- 10.2 Chemical Short-Range Order
and Alloy Phase Diagrams -- 10.3 Molecular Theory of the Freezing of Liquid Alloys -- 11. Beyond the Phase Diagram: The Formation and Properties of Metastable Phases -- 11.1 Amorphous Alloys — Metallic Glasses -- 11.2 Quasi-Crystals --
12. Conclusions and Outlook -- Appendices -- A. Density-Functional Pseudopotentials -- A.1 Optimized Pseudopotentials — the Operator Approach -- A.2 Norm-Conserving Pseudopotentials — the Scattering Approach -- B. Linear Response
Theroy -- C. Electrostatic Energies of Crystals and Liquids -- C.1 The Madelung Constants of the Elemental Structures -- C.2 The Madelung Constants of Binary Alloys and Intermetallic Compounds -- C.3 Electrostatic Energies of Model
Liquids and Liquid Mixtures -- D. Liquid State Theory: Integral Equations, Variational Principles and Exactly Soluble Models -- D.1 Correlation Functions and Equations of State -- D.2 Integral Equations and Variational Principles for
the Total and Direct Correlation Functions -- D.3 Analytical Solutions for Model Liquids and Mixtures -- D.3.1 Solution of the PY Equation for the Hard-Sphere Fluid -- D.3.2 Solution of the PY Equation for Hard-Sphere Mixtures -- D.3.3
The Solution of the MSA for Charged Hard Spheres with Yukawa Interactions -- D.3.4 The Solution of the MSA for a Symmetric Mixture of Charged Hard Spheres with Yukawa Interactions -- References
ISBN:9783642830587
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 70
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Crystallography , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Crystallography , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781461318910:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (610 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-1891-0
Contents:I. Classical Strong Coupling -- Thermodynamic Functions, Transport Coefficients and Dynamic Correlations in Dense Plasmas -- Static and Dynamic Properties of Strongly-Coupled Classical One-Component Plasmas: Numerical Experiments on
Supercooled Liquid State and Simulation of Ion Plasma in the Penning Trap -- Extraction of the One-Component Plasma Bridge Function from Computer Simulation Data -- Some Properties of a Polarized OCP -- Perturbation Theory of the
Miscibility Gap in Metal Salt Solutions -- II. Plasma Experiments -- A High-?, Strongly-Coupled, Non-Neutral Ion Plasma -- Laser Scattering Measurements of Thermal Entropy and Non-Acoustic Fluctuations in Collision-Dominated Plasmas --
Production and Diagnosis of Dense Cool Alkali Plasmas -- Shock Waves and Thermodynamics of Strongly Compressed Plasmas -- Strongly-Coupled Plasma Diagnostics and Experimental Determination of DC Electrical Conductivity -- III.
Molecular Dynamics and Kinetic Theory -- Two Component Plasmas in Two and Three Dimensions -- Kinetic Theory of the Interdiffusion Coefficient In Dense Plasmas -- Transport Properties of a Fully Ionized Plasma: Semi-Classical or
Quantum Mechanical Approach -- IV. Astrophysics -- Dense Matter in Astrophysics: Selected Topics -- Transport Processes and Neutrino Emission Processes in Dense Astrophysical Plasmas -- White Dwarf Stars: Laboratories for Strongly
Coupled Plasma Physics -- Toward an Improved Pure Hydrogen EOS for Astrophysical Applications -- Solar Oscillations and the Equation of State -- V. Quantum Plasmas -- Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Transitions in Hydrogen and Rare
Gas Plasmas -- Nonideal Plasmas and Bound States -- High-Order Levinson Theorems and the Plank-Larkin Partition Function for Reacting Plasmas -- Metallic Lithium by Quantum Monte Carlo -- Thomas-Fermi Theory and its Generalizations,
Applied to Strongly Coupled Plasmas -- The Thomas-Fermi and Related Models -- Occupation Numbers in Partially Ionized Plasmas -- Thomas Fermi Calculation of the Degree of Ionization in a Dense Plasma -- VI. Density Functional Theory --
Density-Functional Methods in Hot Dense Plasmas -- Description of Atomic Species in Dense Plasmas Using a Density-Functional-Theory Approach -- The Freezing of Charged and Uncharged Hard-Sphere Systems -- Atomic Structure of an
Impurity Neon In Liquid Metallic Hydrogen -- VII. 2-D Plasmas -- Solvable Models of Coulomb Systems in Two Dimensions -- Charge Correlations and Sum Rules in Coulomb Systems I -- Charge Correlations and Sum Rules in Coulomb Systems II:
Dynamics -- Theory of the Strongly Coupled 2-D Plasma with the 1/r Potential -- VIII. Metallic Fluids -- Metallic Fluids in the Critical Region -- Acoustic Velocity Measurements on Fluid Metals From Two-Fold Compressions to Two-Fold
Expansions -- Structure of the Jovian Envelope and the Equation of State of Dense Hydrogen -- IX. Response Functions and Ion Stopping Power -- Nonlinear Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorems and Their Applications to Dynamical Problems in
Strongly Coupled Plasmas -- Collective Modes and Mode Coupling for a Dense Plasma in a Magnetic Field -- Ion Stopping Power in Dense Partially Degenerate Plasmas -- Exact Asymptotic Expression for the State Dielectric Function of a
Uniform Liquid at Large Wave Vectors -- The Strongly Coupled OCP Plasmon Dispersion for Finite Wavenumbers -- X. Electric Microfield and Optical Properties -- Electric Microfield Distributions -- Optical Properties of Non-Ideal Plasmas
-- Simulation Studies of Ion Dynamic Effects on Dense Plasma Line Shapes -- Electric Microfield Distribution in Strongly Coupled Plasmas from Integral Equation Solutions -- Effects of Dielectronic Satellite Broadening on the Emission
Spectra from Hot Plasmas -- Influence of Effective Interionic Potentials on the Low Frequency Electric Microfield Distributions in Dense Semi-Classical Hydrogen Plasmas -- Stark Effect in Dense, Correlated Plasmas -- Resonant
Absorption in Dense Cesium Plasma -- XI. Integral Equations -- Onsager-Thomas-Fermi “Atoms” and “Molecules”: “Chemistry” of Correlations in Dense Plasmas -- Quantal Hypernetted Chain Equation Applied to Liquid Metallic Hydrogen --
Computation of an Improved Integral Equation by Non Linear Resummation of the First Graphs of the Bridge Function -- Lecturers
ISBN:9781461318910
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics : 154
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9784431680390:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoelasticity Proceedings of the International Symposium on Photoelasticity, Tokyo, 1986
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (292 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-68039-0
Contents:I Survey -- A Historical Survey of the Development of Photoelasticity in Germany, Especially in Munich -- Photoelasticity in Japan: A Survey -- II Visco-Elasto-Plastic Behaviour -- Determination of Sign and Components of Artificial
Birefringence of Visco-Elasto-Plastic Materials -- A Simplified Optical Method for Measuring Residual Stress by Rapid Cooling in Thermosetting Resin Plate -- Silver-Chloride, a Model Material for Photoelastic Investigations into
Plastic-Elastic Behaviour of Machine-Elements -- III Moire and Speckle -- Advances in Moire Interferometry -- Scanning-moire Method -- Modification at the Reconstruction in Holographic Interferometry -- Strain Measurements by
Laser-Speckle -- IVa High Speed Photoelasticity -- Dynamic Stress Concentration Analysis in High Velocity Tension of Strips with Notches or Hole by Means of High Speed Photoelasticity -- Analysis of Impact Bending of Cantilevers with
Various Depth/Span Ratios by Means of High Speed Photoelasticity -- IVb High Speed Photoelasticity -- Photoelastic Analysis of Dynamic Fracture Behaviour -- Visualization of Pulsed Ultrasound Using a Combined Photoelastic-Schlieren
System -- Va Caustics and Stress Intensity Factor -- The Shadow Optical Method of Caustics —An Overview on Its Applications in Stress-Concentration Problems -- Some New Trials on the Technique of the Method of Caustics -- Application
of the Caustic Method to an Environmental Crack-Craze Growth Problem -- Vb Caustics and Stress Intensity Factor -- Topics in Photomechanics — Crack, Wave and Contacts -- The Pseudocaustics for the Evaluation of the Order of Singularity
in Stress Fields -- VIa New Techniques in Photoelasticity -- Some New Developments in Photoelasticity -- Micro-Photoelasticity and Its Picture Processing -- A Stress Freezing Procedure for Less Photoelastic Model Distortion -- VIb New
Techniques in Photoelasticity -- On Wooden Column under Torsion and Deflection of Membrane -- A Method for Detecting Isoclinics by Modified Isochromatics -- New Research Perspectives Opened by Isodyne and Strain Gradient
Photoelasticity -- VIIa Stresses in Structures -- Stresses and Deformations at the Beam-to-Wall Joints of Shear Wall Structures -- Three-Dimensional Photoelastic Analysis of Aeroengine Rotary Parts -- VIIb Stresses in Structures --
Stresses in Pin-Loaded Glass-Epoxy Plates Using Transmission Photoelasticity -- Photoelastic Analysis of Stresses in Composites -- Photostress and New Photo-elastic Coating Technique by in Situ Testing of Bridges -- VIII Propagation of
Polarized Light -- Integrated Photoelasticity as Tensor Field Tomography -- Stress Analysis for Axi-Symmetrical Problems by Scattered Light Photoelasticity -- Applications of Coherent Optics to Experimental Mechanics -- IX Numerical
Method of Stress Analysis -- Separation of Principal Stresses Using Boundary Element Method -- Non Destructive Three Dimensional Photoelasticity, Finite Strain Applications -- An Automatic Micropolariscope Used to Study A Cracked
Thread
ISBN:9784431680390
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781468450538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Thermodynamics of Alloys
Author(s): N. A Gokcen
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (342 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5053-8
Contents:1 Thermodynamic Background -- Consequences of Laws of Thermodynamics -- Helmholtz and Gibbs Energies -- Partial Molar Gibbs Energy -- Activity -- Variation of Activity with Pressure and Temperature -- Depression and Elevation of
Freezing Point -- Molar Properties -- Excess Molar Properties -- Analytical Forms of Excess Partial Molar Properties -- Determination of Ge and $$ \overline G _i^e $$ of Ternary Systems -- Interaction Parameters -- Other Definitions of
Partial Molar Gibbs Energy -- References -- 2 Phase Equilibria and Phase Diagrams -- Single-Component Equilibria -- Multicomponent Equilibria -- Phase Rule -- Phase Diagrams -- Erroneous Diagrams -- Lever Rule -- Molar Gibbs Energy of
Mixing—Phase Diagrams -- ?G Diagrams for Other Phases -- ?G Diagrams for Complex Systems -- Calculation of Phase Diagrams from Thermodynamic Data -- Empirical Rules on Phase Stability -- References -- 3 Statistical Thermodynamics --
Distribution of Independent Particles -- Fermi-Dirac Statistics -- Bose-Einstein Statistics -- Boltzmann Statistics -- Distribution Laws -- Entropy and Related Properties -- Fermions, Bosons, and Boltzons -- Gibbsian Ensembles --
Vibrations of Atoms in Lattices -- Potential Energy Functions -- References -- 4 Theories of Solutions -- Regular Solutions—Zeroth Approximation -- Preliminary Concepts -- Distribution of Molecules -- Equations -- First Approximation
-- Approximate Equations -- Dilute Binary Regular Solutions -- Critique of Treatments Based on Permutation of Bonds -- Ternary Regular Solutions -- Regular Associated Solutions -- References -- 5 Long-Range Order -- Ordering and
Clustering -- Order-Disorder in Binary Alloys -- Long-Range Order Parameter -- Gorsky, and Bragg and Williams (GBW) Approximation -- Heat Capacity -- More General Cases -- First Approximation -- Enthalpy and Heat Capacity -- Comments
on Previous Approximations -- Unequal Numbers of Atoms and Equal Numbers of Sites -- References -- 6 Interstitial Solutions -- Pd-H System -- Statistical Treatment, Zeroth Approximation -- Solid Interstitial Solutes -- Application to
Pd-H System -- Other Hydrogen-Metal Systems -- Hydrogen Storage -- Hydrogen Storage Metals and Alloys -- Ti, Zr, Hf and Their Alloys -- Fe-C System -- Wagner Model for Ternary Interstitial Alloys -- Application of Equation (6.106) --
Limitations of Wagner Model -- References -- 7 Semiconductors -- Distribution of Electrons -- Motion of Electrons and Holes -- Dopants in Semiconductors -- Energy of Electrons and Holes -- Concentration of Electrons -- Concentration of
Holes -- Equilibrium Constant for Charge Carriers -- Correlation of Band-Gap Data -- Derived Thermodynamic Properties -- Ionization Equilibria -- Fermi Energy in Doped Semiconductors -- p-n Junctions -- Effects of Applied Current on
p-n Junctions -- Solar Cells -- Simple Equivalent Circuit -- Tandem Solar Cells -- Calculation Procedure -- References -- Appendix A Engel-Brewer Theories -- Basic Principles -- Nonintegral Electronic Configurations -- Transition
Elements -- Correlation of Bonding Energies -- Electron Concentration Ranges in Alloys -- Effect of Pressure -- Multicomponent Diagrams -- Concluding Remarks -- Appendix B Estimation of Enthalpy of Alloy Formation -- Empirical
Coefficients -- Alloys of Hydrogen -- Ternary Hydrides -- Ternary and Multicomponent Alloys -- Concluding Remarks -- Appendix C Correlation of Thermodynamic Properties in Dilute Solutions -- Appendix D Selected Properties of the
Elements -- Appendix E Selected Binary Phase Diagrams and Binary Thermodynamic Properties -- Appendix F List of Symbols -- Appendix G Periodic Table (Mendeleev Table of the Elements)
ISBN:9781468450538
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Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Thermodynamics , Materials science , Physics , Thermodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9781468482850:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heat Transfer in Medicine and Biology Analysis and Applications. Volume 2
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (462 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-8285-0
Contents:of Volume 2 -- IV: Applications of Heat Transfer in Medicine -- 16 Analysis of Heat Transfer and Temperature Distributions in Tissues During Local and Whole-Body Hyperthermia -- 17 Temperature Fields and Lesion Sizes in Electrosurgery
and Induction Thermocoagulation -- 18 Analysis of Skin Burns -- 19 Laser Irradiation of Tissue -- 20 Preservation of Biological Material by Freezing and Thawing -- 21 Thermal Analysis for Cryosurgery -- 22 Analysis of Heat Exchange
During Cooling and Rewarming in Cardiopulmonary Bypass Procedures -- 23 Heat and Water Transport in the Human Respiratory System -- 24 Heat Transfer in Teeth -- 25 Analysis and Application of Thermography in Medical Diagnosis -- 26
Computer-Aided Tomographic Thermography -- V: Selected Topics -- 27 Temperature Measurement -- 28 Sensitivity Analysis of Errors Induced in the Determination of Tissue Perfusion -- Appendix 2 Selected Thermophysical Properties of
Biological Materials -- Appendix 3 Finite-Difference and Finite-Element Methods of Solution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Finite Difference -- 3. Finite Element -- 4. Conclusion
ISBN:9781468482850
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Keywords: Physics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783540387619:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heidelberg Colloquium on Spin Glasses Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the University of Heidelberg 30 May – 3 June, 1983
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (359 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-12872-7
Contents:Frustration and disorder new problems in statistical mechanics spin glasses in a historical perspective -- Experimental studies of the low-temperature properties of spin glasses -- Some recent high-temperature experiments on
spin-glasses -- Relaxation effects in spin glasses around the freezing temperature -- Non-linear susceptibilities and spin-glass transition in CuMn -- The ferro- and ferrimagnetic — spin glass transition as studied by Mössbauer
spectroscopy -- The ferromagnetic to spin glass crossover in EuxSr1-x -- Broken symmetry in the mean-field theory of the ising spin glass Replica way and no replica way -- The infinite-ranged m-vector spin glass -- Long-range
Heisenberg spin glasses in a magnetic field: Theory and experiment -- Spin glass behavior in finite numerical samples -- Equilibrium theory of spin glasses: Mean-field theory and beyond -- Broken ergodicity in spin glasses -- Spin
glasses and frustration models: analytical results -- A study of short-range spin glasses -- The spin glass transition: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations of nearest-neighbor Ising Edwards-Anderson models with experiments --
Numerical simulations of spin glasses -- Numerical studies of spin glasses -- The spin glass: Still a problem?
ISBN:9783540387619
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 192
Keywords: Physics , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Materials science , Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Materials Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9781468441277:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Phenomena at Phase Transitions and Instabilities
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (481 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-4127-7
Contents:Anharmonic Properties near Structural Phase Transitions -- Intention and Summary -- I. From early Experiments to the New View -- a) Classical and Nonclassical Behaviour -- b) Central-Peak Research -- c) Computer Simulation, and
Anharmonic Theory -- d) The New View -- II. Recent Consolidating Results -- a) Anharmonicity at TC in SrTiO3 -- b) Displacive-Order-Disorder Crossover in Ferroelectric Oxides -- c) Evidence for Precursor Order in RbCaF3 and KMnF3 -- d)
Dynamic Components in SrTiO3 -- e) Critical Dyamics in KMnF3 -- III. Incommensurate Systems -- The Theory of Structural Phase Transitions: Universality and Quasi-Elastic Scattering Phenomena -- Preamble -- 1. Background -- 1.1 A Simple
Model and the Basic Observables -- 1.2 General Theory of Scaling Susceptibilities -- 2. Novel Universal Quantities -- 2.1 Adiabatic and Isothermal Susceptibilities -- 2.2 The Onset of Superlattice Scattering -- 3. Universal Patterns of
Short Range Order -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 General Theory of the Block Coordinate p.d.f -- 3.3 One Dimension: Exact Results -- 3.4 Two and Three Dimensions: Approximate Results -- 3.5 Discussion -- 3.6 Summary and Prospects --
Dynamic Correlations in the Ordered Phase of Perovskites -- I. Introduction -- II. Model -- III. Dynamic Correlations below TC -- IV. Results and Conclusions -- Phason Light Scattering in BaMnF4 -- Nonlinear Excitations in Some
Anharmonic Lattice Models -- 1) Introduction -- 2) Nonlinear Excitations in a model Ferroelectric gl Static Solutions 33 Stationary Solutions -- Stability of Static Periodons -- The Periodon-Phonon Coupling -- 3) Some Remarks on
Toda-Lattice -- Solitons in The One-Dimensional Planar Ferromagnet CsNiF3 -- 1. Abstract -- 2. Introduction -- 3. Experiment -- 4. Data evalutation -- On The Possibility to Create Nonthermal Solitons in a One-Dimensional Magnetic Sine
Gordon System -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Model -- 3. Results -- 4. Discussion -- Transport and Fluctuations in Linear Arrays of Multistable Systems -- I. Classification of Multistable Systems -- II. Open Systems -- Thermal
Instabilities in Electrical Conductors -- Chains of Phase Couples and Externally Synchronized Oscillators -- III. Transport in The Driven Sine-Gordon Chain -- Propagation Velocity of Driven Kinks -- The Steady State Density of Kinks --
IV. Fluctuations in The Sine-Gordon Chain -- The Kink Counting Approach -- The Hydrodynamic Approach -- Universality -- Appendix: The Simplicity of Transport in the Smoluchowski Equation -- Non-Linear Thermal Convection -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. The Basic Equations and Boundary Conditions -- 3. The Linear Theory -- a. The Horizontally Unbounded Layer -- b. The Effect of Lateral Walls -- 4. Non-Linear Convection -- 4.1 Perturbation Approach -- 4.2 Numerical
Approaches -- 4.3 Comparison with Experiments -- 4.4 The mean field theory -- 5. Convection in a Small Prandtl Number Fluid -- Nematic Instability Induced by An Elliptical Shear -- I. Experimental Apparatus -- II. Instability Mechanism
-- III. Modification of The Convective Structure on Increasing the Control Parameter N -- IV. The Time Evolution of The Convective Structure at Fixed N -- Instabilities and Fluctuations -- 1. Role of Fluctuations -- 2. Description of
Random Processes -- 3. Phase Transitions -- 4. The Laser Instability -- 5. The Transition to Chaos in Optics -- 6. Instability Transients -- 7. Fluctuations in Hydrodynamic Instabilities -- Steady States, Limit Cycles and The Onset of
Turbulence. A Few Model Calculations and Exercises -- 1. Introduction: From Steady States to Chaos in The Time Evolution of Non-Linear Systems -- 1.1 Background -- 1.2 Landau Picture of The Onset of (Quasiperiodic Gaussian) Turbulence
-- 1.3 Lorenz Model, Discrete Maps and Related Matters -- 2. Steady States, Limit Cycles and Phase Transition picture -- 2.1 Steady States and Their Stability -- 2.2 Phase Transition Picture: An Illustration of Phase Coexistence.
Tricritical points, Triple Points, Etc. in Convective Instability -- 2.3 Limit Cycles and Their Stability -- 3. Strange Attractors -- 3.1 Fractal Dimension: An Illustration -- 3.2 Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents -- 3.3 Exercise:
Lorenz Model -- 3.4 Exercise: Two-Component Lorenz Model -- 4. Discrete Maps: Feigenbaum’s Cascade and Pomeau’s Intermittencies -- 4.1 Period-Doubling Cascades -- 4.2 Pomeau’s Intermittencies -- The Physical Mechanism of Oscillatory
and Finite Amplitude Instabilities in Systems with Competing Effects -- I. Introduction -- II. Oscillatory Instability -- III. Finite Amplitude Instability -- IV. Concluding Remarks -- Investigation of Fluctuations and Oscillatory
States in Rayleigh-Benard Systems by Neutron Scattering -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observations of Oscillatory States in a Homeotropic Nematic Sample -- A Rayleigh-Bénard Experiment: Helium in a Small Box -- I. The Experiment -- II.
Basics of Convection: Busse Theory -- III. The Wavenumber Selection: Effect of Side Walls and The Dynamics of a 3 Rolls to 2 rolls Transition -- IV. The Oscillatory Instability -- V. Two Oscillators: Entrainment and Locking -- VI.
Routes to Turbulent Convection -- Period Doubling Bifurcation Route to Chaos -- Space-Time Symmetry in Doubly Periodic Circular Couette Flow -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Review of Experimental Results -- 3. Theory -- The Structure and
Dynamics of Non-Stationary Taylor-Vortex Flow -- Pattern Formation During Crystal Growth: Theory -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Dendrites -- 3. Directional Solidification -- 4. Eutectics -- Electrothermal Instabilities at Magnetic Critical
Points -- Abstract -- 1. Electronic Transport Coefficients at TC -- 2. Differential Negative Resistivity Conditions near TC -- 3. Continuously Forced Ballast Resistor -- Instabilities During Crystal Growth: Experiments -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Normal Growth and Lateral Growth -- The Nonfaceted — Faceted Transition -- The Solid-Vapor Interface -- The Solid-Solution Interface -- The Solid-Melt Interface -- 3. Sharp Interface-Diffuse Interface -- Light
Scattering at the Solid Liquid Interface -- Quasi Eleastic Light Scattering Technique -- Light Scattering at the Ice-Water Interface -- Intensity Hysteresis and Dynamics -- Transient Phenomena -- Light Scattering at the Solid-Liquid
Interfaces of D2O and Salol -- 4. Growth Into Supercooled Melt -- Growth of Dendrites -- 5. The Dynamics of Freezing and Melting -- Periodic Fluctuations at The Solid Liquid Interface of Salol -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental --
3. Observations -- 4. Oscillatory Scattering -- 5. Diffusive Scattering -- On The Dynamics of Epitaxial Phase Transformations -- 1. Surface Molecular Dynamics (SMD) -- 2. Surface-Liquid Systems -- The Pinning of a Domain Wall by
Weakened Bonds in Two Dimensions -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Solution of The Model -- 3. Discussion -- Melting in Two Dimensions -- I. Introduction -- Theoretical Background -- II. Dislocation Mediated Melting -- Dislocation Mediated
Melting at a Smooth Substrate -- Periodic Substrate Potentials -- III. Fluid Phases -- Experiments and Computer Simulations -- IV. Doslocation Theory of Liquid Crystal Films -- Molecular Dynamics Study of 2-D Melting: Long Range
Potentials -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Molecular Dynamics (MD) -- 3. Results -- a) Coulomb System -- b) Dipolar System -- Experimental Studies of Two Dimensional Melting -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Crytalline Order and Melting in 2D -- 3.
Exoerimental 2D Phase Diagrams -- 4. Diffraction Lineshapes in the 2D Solid Phase -- 5. Incommensurate Melting -- 6. Commensurate Melting -- 7. Conclusion -- An Unusual Polymorphism in the 2D Melting: The Smectic F and I Phases -- 1.
Structure of the SG Phase -- 2. Structure of the 2d SF and SI Phase -- 3. Analysis of the 2d Order -- 4. The SI and SF Phases and the 2d Melting Theory -- Participants
ISBN:9781468441277
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Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series: 77
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9789400985094:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atmospheric Thermodynamics
Author(s): J. V Iribarne
Date:1981
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (260 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-8509-4
Contents:I. Review of Basic Concepts and Systems of Units -- 1.1 Systems -- 1.2 Properties -- 1.3 Composition and State of a System -- 1.4 Equilibrium -- 1.5 Temperature. Temperature Scales -- 1.6 Systems of Units -- 1.7 Work of Expansion --
1.8 Modifications and Processes. Reversibility -- 1.9 State Variables and State Functions. Equation of State -- 1.10 Equation of State for Gases -- 1.11 Mixture of Ideal Gases -- 1.12 Atmospheric Air Composition -- Problems -- II. The
First Principle of Thermodynamics -- 2.1. Internal Energy -- 2.2 Heat -- 2.3 The First Principle. Enthalpy -- 2.4 Expressions of Q. Heat Capacities -- 2.5 Calculation of Internal Energy and Enthalpy -- 2.6 Latent Heats of Pure
Substances. Kirchhoff’s Equation -- 2.7 Adiabatic Processes in Ideal Gases. Potential Temperature -- 2.8 Polytropic Processes -- Problems -- III. The Second Principle of Thermodynamics -- 3.1 The Entropy -- 3.2 Thermodynamic Scale of
Absolute Temperature -- 3.3 Formulations of the Second Principle -- 3.4 Lord Kelvin’s and Clausius’ Statements of the Second Principle -- 3.5 Joint Mathematical Expressions of the First and Second Principles. Thermodynamic Potentials
-- 3.6 Equilibrium Conditions and the Sense of Natural Processes -- 3.7 Calculation of Entropy -- 3.8 Thermodynamic Equations of State. Calculation of Internal Energy and Enthalpy -- 3.9 Thermodynamic Functions of Ideal Gases -- 3.10
Entropy of Mixing for Ideal Gases -- 3.11 Difference Between Heat Capacities at Constant Pressure and at Constant Volume -- Problems -- IV. Water-Air Systems -- 4.1 Heterogeneous Systems -- 4.2 Fundamental Equations for Open Systems --
4.3 Equations for the Heterogeneous System. Internal Equilibrium -- 4.4 Summary of Basic Formulas for Heterogeneous Systems -- 4.5 Number of Independent Variables -- 4.6 Phase-Transition Equilibria for Water -- 4.7 Thermodynamic
Surface for Water Substance -- 4.8 Clausius-Clapeyron Equation -- 4.9 Variation of Latent Heat Along the Equilibrium Curve -- 4.10 Water Vapor and Moist Air -- 4.11 Humidity Variables -- 4.12 Heat Capacities of Moist Air -- 4.13 Moist
Air Adiabats -- 4.14 Enthalpy, Internal Energy and Entropy of Moist Air and of a Cloud -- Problems -- V. Equilibrium with Small Droplets and Crystals -- 5.1 Vapor Pressure of Small Droplets of a Pure Substance -- 5.2 Vapor Pressure of
Solution Droplets -- 5.3 Sublimation and Freezing of Small Crystals -- Problems -- VI. Aerological Diagrams -- 6.1 Purpose of Aerological Diagrams and Selection of Coordinates -- 6.2 Clapeyron Diagram -- 6.3 Tephigram -- 6.4 Curves for
Saturated Adiabatic Expansion. Relative Orientation of Fundamental Lines -- 6.5 Emagram or Neuhoff Diagram -- 6.6 Refsdal Diagram -- 6.7 Pseudoadiabatic or Stüve Diagram -- 6.8 Area Equivalence -- 6.9 Summary of Diagrams -- 6.10
Determination of Mixing Ratio from the Relative Humidity -- 6.11 Area Computation and Energy Integrals -- Problems -- VII. Thermodynamic Processes in the Atmosphere -- 7.1 Isobaric Cooling. Dew and Frost Points -- 7.2 Condensation in
the Atmosphere by Isobaric Cooling -- 7.3 Adiabatic Isobaric (Isenthalpic) Processes. Equivalent and Wet-Bulb Temperatures -- 7.4 Adiabatic Isobaric Mixing (Horizontal Mixing) Without Condensation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Isobaric Mixing with
Condensation -- 7.6 Adiabatic Expansion in the Atmosphere -- 7.7 Saturation of Air by Adiabatic Ascent -- 7.8 Reversible Saturated Adiabatic Process -- 7.9 Pseudoadiabatic Process -- 7.10 Effect of Freezing in a Cloud -- 7.11
Polytropic Expansion -- 7.12 Vertical Mixing -- 7.13 Pseudo- or Adiabatic Equivalent and Wet-Bulb Temperatures -- 7.14 Summary of Temperature and Humidity Parameters. Conservative Properties -- Problems -- VIII. Atmospheric Statics --
8.1 The Geopotential Field -- 8.2 The Hydrostatic Equation -- 8.3 Equipotential and Isobaric Surfaces. Dynamic and Geopotential Height -- 8.4 Thermal Gradients -- 8.5 Constant-Lapse-Rate Atmospheres -- 8.6 Atmosphere of Homogeneous
Density -- 8.7 Dry-Adiabatic Atmosphere -- 8.8 Isothermal Atmosphere -- 8.9 Standard Atmosphere -- 8.10 Altimeter -- 8.11 Integration of the Hydrostatic Equation -- Problems -- IX. Vertical Stability -- 9.1 The Parcel Method -- 9.2
Stability Criteria -- 9.3 Lapse Rates for Atmospheric Ascents -- 9.4 The Lapse Rates of the Parcel and of the Environment -- 9.5 Stability Criteria for Adiabatic Processes -- 9.6 Conditional Instability -- 9.7 Oscillations in a Stable
Layer -- 9.8 The Layer Method for Analyzing Stability -- 9.9 Entrainment -- 9.10 Potential or Convective Instability -- 9.11 Processes Producing Stability Changes for Dry Air -- 9.12 Stability Parameters of Saturated and Unsaturated
Air, and Their Time Changes -- 9.13 Radiative Processes and Their Thermodynamic Consequences -- 9.14 Maximum Rate of Precipitation -- 9.15 Internal and Potential Energy in the Atmosphere -- 9.16 Internal and Potential Energy of a Layer
with Constant Lapse Rate -- 9.17 Margules’ Calculations on Overturning of Air Masses -- 9.18 Transformations of a Layer with Constant Lapse Rate -- 9.19 The Available Potential Energy -- Problems -- Appendix I: Table of Physical
constants -- Answers to Problems
ISBN:9789400985094
Series:eBooks
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Series:Geophysics and Astrophysics Monographs : 6
Keywords: Earth sciences , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781468410860:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Developments in Condensed Matter Physics Volume 4 • Low-Dimensional Systems, Phase Changes, and Experimental Techniques
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (448 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-1086-0
Contents:1. Phase Changes -- Rotational Motion of NH4+ in NH4MnCl3 Compared to NH4MnF3: Heat Capacity Measurements -- Jahn-Teller Induced Phase Transitions in CsCrCl3 and RbCrCl3 Perovskites -- Study of the Raman Active Modes for the Suzuki
Phase in Doped Alkali Halides -- A Novel Kinetic Melting Criterion and Its Observable Consequences -- Freezing into Simple Cubic and hcp Monatomic Solids -- Pyroelectric Effect and Ferroelectric Phase Transition in BixSb1-xSI -- Phase
Changes in Metallic Mn3GaC: Heat Capacity Measurements -- Optical Birefringence in Deuterated Thiourea CS(ND2)2 in the Incommensurate Phase -- Phase Diagram of Extended Hubbard Model with Intraatomic Attraction -- Effect of Heat
Release on the Motion of Phase Boundaries -- Isotropic-Nematic Transition in Liquid Crystals -- Central Peak and Critical Dynamics of the Transverse Ising Model above Tc* -- Birefringence Study of BaMnF4 -- Spin Reorientation
Transition in Gadolinium -- Landau-de Gennes Model of First Order Transitions -- 2. Phonons and Soft Phonons -- Dielectric Screening and Phonon Frequencies of Silicon -- Ferroelectric Mode and Phase Transitions in KNbO3 -- The Critical
Behaviour of Ferroelectric Triglycineselenate Investigated with the X-Ray Double Crystal Diffractometer AMADEUS -- Temperature Dependence of Polar Optical Phonons in the Cubic Phase of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 -- Acoustic Phonons in
Inhomogeneous Materials -- Brillouin Effect and Microelastic Behaviour in Orthorombic KNbO3 -- 3. Low-Dimensional Systems -- Magnetic Solitons in Antiferromagnetic Chains: Neutron and NMR Experiments in TMMC -- A New Variational
Principle and the Quantum Statistics of the ?4-Soliton -- Solitons in a Chain with “Reasonable” Interaction -- Spin Waves in the Pseudo 1-d Ferromagnetic RbFeCl3 -- Evidence of 3D Ant iferromagnetic Order in the S = 1/2 Linear
Ferromagnet TMCUC -- Microhardness and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of n-Propyl Qn(TCNQ)2 Crystals after Neutron Irradiation -- Brillouin Scattering down to 0.3 K in Polymers -- Cis-Trans Isomerization Study of Polyacetylene Films --
Intermediate Electronic States in Kronig-Penney Models -- 4. Spin Waves and Magnetism -- New Light on Magnetic Contributions to the Thermal Expansion of Transition Metal Magnets -- Thermal Spontaneous Magnetization in Y2Ni7 -- Spin
Susceptibility of a Random System of Antiferromagnetically Coupled Spins: Application to Impure Silicon -- Magnetic Susceptibility of Antiferromagnetic Chromium in the Vicinity of the Spin Flip Temperature -- Excitation Spectrum of
Magnetic Impurities in Metals -- Dynamics of Magnetic Moments and 4f Charges in Intermediate Valence Compounds -- Physical Properties of BaVS3 and Their Dependence on Stoichiometry -- 5. Experimental Techniques -- Study of the
Anharmonic Self-Energy of the Transverse Optic Mode in CsI at 77 and 300 K by Dispersive Fourier Transform Spectrometry -- Physics of Ferroelectric Fluids: The Discovery of a High-Speed Electro-Optic Switching Process in Liquid
Crystals -- The Application of Rutherford Backscattering Technique to Dental Hard Tissue -- Resonance Detector as a New Tool for High Energy Transfer Inelastic Neutron Scattering Investigations -- 6. Superionic Conductors -- Phase
Transition from Low-Temperature Normal Phase to High-Temperature Superionic Phase in the System Studied by Means of X-Ray Diffraction -- Dielectric Experiments on Concentrated Solutions of XF2:R3+ -- 7. Hydrogen in Metals -- Lattice
Dynamics of LaNi5 and Low-Energy Excitations of Deuterium in LaNi5D6 -- Low Temperature Order-Disorder Transitions in Palladium Deuteride -- Chemical Binding Energy of a Pair of Hydrogen Atoms in Palladium -- Trends in the
Electron-Phonon Coupling Parameter in Some Metal Hydrides -- Ferromagnetic Resonance in Hydrogenated/Dehydrogenated LaNi5 and FeTi -- 8. Superconductivity -- Electronic States of Small ? Superconducting Alloys -- Magnetic Properties of
a Superconducting Film -- Electromagnetic Pinning in the Inhomogeneous Superconductors -- A Systematic Investigation of the Structure and Superconducting Properties of Nb3Ge Prepared in a UHV System -- Influence of Dissipative
Processes on the Dispersion of Surface Plasmons in Superconductors -- Influence of the Quasiparticle Lifetime on the Surface Impedance of Superconducting Nb3Sn -- 9. Fluids -- Stationary and Nonstationary Flow of He II -- Self-Trapped
Excitations in Solid and Liquid Helium -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468410860
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Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436266:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Condensed Matter Systems
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (474 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3626-6
Contents:Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Systems: Introductory Comments -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A Theorist’s Ideal Glass -- 3. Systems Far From Equilibrium -- Phase Transitions in Low-Dimensional Systems and Renormalization Group Theory --
1. Phase Transitions and Some Simple Spin Models -- 2. Fluctuations and the Lower Critical Dimension -- 3. Values of Lower Critical Dimensionality for Some Spin Models -- 4. Fluctuations -- 5. Introduction to the Renormalization Group
-- Real-Space Renormalization-Group Method for Quantum Systems -- Upper Marginal Dimensionality, Concept and Experiment -- 1. Phenomenological Description -- 2. Mean Field Theory -- 3. Ginzburg Criterion -- 4. Experiments on LiTbF4 --
5. Conclusion -- Lower Marginal Dimensionality. X-Ray Scattering from the Smectic-A Phase of Liquid Crystals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Nematic and Smectic A Phases of Liquid Crystals -- 3. The Correlation Function in the Harmonic
Approximation -- 4. Experiment and Analysis -- 5. Results and Conclusions -- Appendix: Calculation of $$$$ in the SmA Phase -- Critical Fluctuations Under Shear Flow -- 1. Turbidity: TC change -- 2. The scattered light: Anisotropy
mean-field lowering of UCD? -- 3. Discussion -- 4. “Moralité” -- Lifshitz Points in Ising Systems with Competing Interactions -- 1. Introduction -- 2. One-dimensional Ising Systems with competing Interactions -- 3. Two-dimensional
Ising systems -- 4. Conclusions -- Elementary Excitations in Magnetic Chains -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Magnons in XY-like Magnetic Chains -- 3. The Anisotropic, Classical XY Chain -- 3.1 The Model -- 3.2 Intuitive Analysis at Low
Temperature for q = 2 and J = 0 -- 3.3 Energy of a Wall -- 3.4 Number of Walls -- 3.5 Antiferromagnets in a Magnetic Field -- 4. A Simple Dynamical Model: The Almost — Ising Antiferromagnetic Chain -- 4.1 The Model -- 4.2 Collisions
Between Two Solitons -- 5. Propagation of Broad Walls -- Experimental Studies of Linear and Nonlinear Modes in 1-D-Magnets -- 1. Real Systems Experimental Methods -- 2. Linear Excitations -- 3. Nonlinear Excitations -- Q-Dependence of
the Soliton Response in CsNiF3 At -- T = 10K and H =5kG -- Dynamics of the Sine-Gordon Chain: The Kink-Phonon Interaction, Soliton Diffusion and Dynamical Correlations -- 1. Statement of the Problem -- 2. A Kink-Phonon Collision -- 3.
Diffusive Motion of the Kink -- 4. Dynamical Correlation Functions -- The Spin-Wave Continuum of the S=1/2 Linear Heisenberg Antiferrornagnet -- Excitations and Phase Transitions in Random Anti-Ferromagnets -- Neutron Scattering --
Critical Phenomena at Phase Transitions -- Percolation -- Excitations of Dilute Magnets Near the Percolation Threshold -- Critical Properties of the Mixed Ising Ferromagnet -- Structure and Phase Transitions in Physisorbed Monolayers
-- History and Background -- Statistical Thermodynamics of Physical Adsorption -- Structural Investigations of Monolayers -- Substrate Influences -- Commensurate-Incommensurate Transition and Orientational Epitaxy -- Antiferromagnetism
in 0« Films -- Conclusion -- Two-Dimensional Solids and Their Interaction with Substrates -- I. Collective Phenomena and Phase Transitions in Two Dimensions -- 1.1 Early Theoretical Works -- 1.2 Experimental Situation -- II. Effect of
Substrate -- II.1 Two-Dimensional Solids and Adsorbed Layers -- II.2 Substrate Distortion and Related Effects -- II.3 Chemical Potential -- II.4 Substrate Potential -- II.5 Conclusion -- III. Walls and Domains -- III.1 A
One-Dimensional Model -- III.2 The Theory of Frank and Van der Merwe -- III.3 Aubry’s Theory -- III.4 Domains and Walls for Dimensions Larger than 1 -- IV. The Pokrovskii-Talapov Model -- IV.1 Hypotheses -- IV.2 Solution -- IV.3 Bragg
Singularities -- IV.4 The Pinning Transition -- V. Rate Gas Monolayers on Graphite or Lamellar Halides -- V.1 Introduction -- V.2 The Zero Temperature Theory of Bak, Mukamel, Villain and Wentowska -- V.3 Rare Gas Monolayers on
Hexagonal Substrates at T i 0 -- V.4 Effect of Substrate Distortions -- VI. The Novaco-Mc Tague Orientational Instability -- VI.1 General Argument -- VI.2 Case of Parallel Walls -- VI.3 Case of a Regular Network of Intersecting Walls
-- VI.4 Finite Temperatures -- VI.5 Microscopic Theories -- Appendix A. Bragg Singularities of a 2-D, Harmonic Crystal -- Appendix B. Interaction between two Solutions -- Appendix C. Partition function of the Pokrovskii-Talapov Model
Near the Commensurable-Incommensurable Transition -- Appendix D. Bragg Singularities of the Pokrovskii-Talapov Model Near the C-I Transition -- Appendix E. The Roughening Transition -- The Dislocation Theory of Melting: History, Status
and Prognosis -- 1. Introduction -- 2. History -- 3. Status -- 4. Prognosis -- The Kosterlitz-Thouless Theory of Two-Dimensional Melting -- Phase Transitions and Orientational Order in a Two-Dimensional Lennard-Jones System -- The
Roughening Transition -- I. Introduction -- II. The solid-On-Solid Model -- III. The BCF Argument -- IV. Experimental Results -- V. Monte Carlo Calculations: Qualitative Features -- VI. Static Critical Behavior -- VII. Roughening
Dynamics and the Kosterlitz Renormalization Group Method -- VIII.The FSOS Model and Mc Calculations -- IX. Final Remarks -- Statics and Dynamics of the Roughening Transition: A Self-Consistent Calculation -- I. Introduction -- II.
Roughening Transition -- III. Two-Dimensional Planar Model -- IV. Conclusions -- Fluctuations in Two-Dimensional Six-Vertex Systems -- Light Scattering Studies of the Two-Dimensional Phase Transition in Squaric Acid -- 1. Introduction
-- 2. Light Scattering Studies -- 3. Order Parameter -- 4. Order Flucatuations -- 5. Peak Shape and Width -- 6. Disorder Induced Scattering -- 7. Conclusions -- Monte Carlo Simulation of Dilute Systems and of Two-Dimensional Systems --
I. Introduction -- II. Ferromagnets Diluted with Nonmagnetic Impurities and Related Systems -- III. Models for Quasi-Two-Dimensional (2D) Magnets -- IV. Lattice Gas Models for Adsorbed Monolayers at Surfaces -- Order and Fluctuations
in Smectic Liquid Crystals -- I. Introduction -- II. The Nematic Phase -- III.The Nematic-Smectic A Transition and The Smectic A Phase -- IV. The Smectic C Phase and Smc-SmA Transition -- v. Liquid Crystals and Lower Dimensional
Physics -- Dislocations and Disclinations in Smectic Systems -- Translational Defects -- Orientational Defects -- Non-Elementary Defects -- Observation of Dislocations -- Dislocation Motion -- “Pair Creation” of Disclinations --
Defects and Phase Transitions -- Fluctuations and Freezing in a One-Dimensional Liquid:Hg3-?AsF6 -- The Model Hamiltonian -- High Temperature Properties (T > TC) -- Long Range Order -- Dynamics -- The Effect of Pressure on the
Modulated Phases of TTF-TCNQ -- Spin Glasses A Brief Review of Experiments, Theories, and Computer Simulations -- 1. Spin Glass Materials and Experiments -- 2. Theoretical Models and Concepts -- 3. Spin-Glass Freezing: Phase Transition
or Nonequilibrium Effect? -- 4. Conclusions and Outlook -- Random Anisotropy Spin-Glass -- Exact Results for a One-Dimensional Random-Anisotropy Spin Glass -- On Critical Slowing-down in Spin Glasses -- Participants
ISBN:9781468436266
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series B: Physics: 50
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642812910:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solitons and Condensed Matter Physics Proceedings of the Symposium on Nonlinear (Soliton) Structure and Dynamics in Condensed Matter, Oxford, England, June 27–29, 1978
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (344 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81291-0
Contents:I. Introduction -- Solitons in Mathematics: Brief History -- Solitons in Physics -- II. Mathematical Aspects -- Numerical Studies of Solitons -- Poles of the Toda Lattice -- Perturbation Theory of the Double Sine-Gordon Equation --
Soliton Perturbations and Nonlinear Focussing -- Novel Class of Nonlinear Evolution Equations Solvable by the Spectral Transform Technique, Including the So-Called Cylindrical KdV Equation -- The Complex Modified Korteweg-de Vries
Equation, a Non-Integrable Evolution Equation -- III. Statistical Mechanics and Solid-State Physics -- Soliton-Bound States in the Magnetic Gap -- Statistical Mechanics of Nonlinear Dispersive Systems -- Some Applications of Instantons
in Statistical Mechanics -- The Theory of Structural Phase Transitions: Cluster Walls and Phonons -- Nonlinear Lattice Dynamics: Molecular Dynamics Studies -- Computer Simulation of Structural Phase Transitions -- Soliton-Like Features
in a Two-Dimensional XY Model with Ouartic Anisotropy -- Behavior of a ?4-Kink in the Presence of an Inhomogeneous Perturbation -- Solitary Wave Solutions in a Diatomic Lattice -- Lattice Models of High Velocity Dislocation Motion --
Grain Boundaries as Solitary Waves -- The Relation of Solitons to Polaritons in Coupled Systems -- Solitons in CsNiF3: Their Experimental Evidence and Their Thermodynamics -- Structure and Stability of Domain Walls — Phase Transition
-- Periodic Lattice Distortions and Charge Density Waves in One- and Two-Dimensional Systems -- Solitons in Incommensurate Systems -- Fluctuations and Freezing in a One-Dimensional Liquid: Hg3??AsF6 -- Charge Density Wave Systems: The
?-Particle Model -- The Soliton Lattice: Application to the ? Phase -- The New Concept of Transitions by Breaking of Analyticity in a Crystallographic Model -- Textures in Superfluid 3He -- Creation of Spin Waves in 3HeB -- The
Interaction of Spin Waves in Liquid He3 in Several Dimensions -- Josephson Transmission Line Oscillators -- Dissipative Structures in Quasi-One-Dimensional Superconductors -- Solitary Phenomena in Finite Dissipative Discrete Systems --
Stability of Nonuniform States in Systems Exhibiting Continuous Bifurcation -- The Sine-Gordon Chain: Mass Diffusion -- Solitary-Wave Propagation as a Model for Poling in PVF2 -- Theory of One-Dimensional Ionic and Solitary Wave
Conduction in Potassium Hollandite -- IV. Summary -- Summary: Where Do Solitons Go From Here? -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642812910
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 8
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1958-9783642882432:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Static Electrification
Author(s): Leonard B Loeb
Date:1958
Size:1 online resource (240 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88243-2
Contents:I. Static electrification by electrolytic process -- A. Basic principles in terms of galvanic action from metal surfaces -- B. Nature of systems leading to charge separation and their limitations -- C. Do adequate aqueous surface
films exist for electrolytic charging ? -- D. Past evidence of electrolytic charging -- E. Electrical endosmosis, streaming potentials, and cataphoresis (Verified aspects of electrolytic charging) -- F. The more accurate calculation of
the double layer characteristics including ions of both signs -- G. The Workman-Reynolds freezing potential -- H. Summary and conclusions -- II. The contact potential difference or volta potential -- A. Introduction -- B. The metallic
state energy bands, the Fermi law and basic principles -- C. Surface structure and the work function in relation to the Fermi level -- D. Influences modifying the work function -- E. The contact potential difference -- F. The
measurement of contact potential and/or work function -- G. Discussion and conclusion -- III. Static charging by spray electrification -- A. Introduction -- B. The Existence of an electrical double layer at gas-liquid interfaces -- C.
Relative potentials in double layers of water in relation to surface tension, for salt, acid and organic solutes -- D. The spray electrification phenomena -- E. Spray electrification of water in relation to thunderstorm electrification
-- F. Homogeneous or symmetrical charging of liquid droplets on dispersion -- G. Asymmetric charge distribution of droplets of micron size from bursting of small air bubbles in concentrated solutions -- H. Conclusions -- IV. Mechanisms
of electrification on solid-solid contact -- A. Introduction -- B. Quantitative measuring techniques and the influence of electrical fields -- C. Initial investigation of controlled contact electrification of metal-inorganic insulator
systems -- D. Electrification of dusts on dispersion and impact on surfaces -- E. The contact charging by rolling of inorganic insulator spheres on metal surfaces -- F. Extension of Peterson’s investigations by Wagner -- G. Contact
charging of ice on ice -- H. Other possible charge transfer mechanisms -- V. The generation of static charges by processes involving ionization of gases and miscellaneous other matters -- A. Introduction -- B. Various gaseous
electronic mechanisms -- C. Static elimination -- D. Thunderstorm electrification -- E. Protection against lightning stroke -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642882432
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics
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Call number:QC278.C79::1985 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryogenic Science and Technology with contributions by Leo I. Dana
Author(s): Russell J. Donnelly (ed.)
Arthur W. Francis (ed.)
Date:1985
Publisher:Union Carbide Corp.: [Danbury, Conn.]
Size:91 pgs.
Note:Edited, with commentary by Donnelly and Francis
Contents:1. Early Research in Low Temperature Physics, 2. My Experience at the University of Leiden, Holland, Low Temperature Research Laboratory Sept. 1922 - July, 1923, 3. The Nature and Significance of the Lambda Transiton, 4. Leo Dan's Industrial Career, Appendices: A. Biographical Note on Leo Dana, B. List of Publications by Leo Dana, C. List of U.S. Patents Granted to Leo Dana, Dl. Reprint of Paters by Dana and Kamerlingh Onnes
ISBN:0914096176
Keywords: Physicists - United States - Biography , Low temperature - History , Low temperature - Research - Netherlands - Leiden - History , Cold , Freezing , Dana, Leo I.(Leo Isadore), 1895-
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