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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GAS DETECTORS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/10587.273 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword gas detectors ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789814603201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles of radiation interaction in matter and detection
Author(s): Claude Leroy
Pier-Georgio Rancoita
Date:2016
Edition:4th edition.
Publisher:World Scientific
Size:1 online resource (1316 p)
Contents:Electromagnetic interaction of charged particles in matter -- Photon interaction and electromagnetic cascades in matter -- Nuclear interactions in matter -- Physics and properties of silicon semiconductor -- Transport phenomena in semiconductors -- Radiation effects and displacement damage in semiconductors -- Radiation environments and damage in semiconductors -- Scintillating media and scintillator detectors -- Solid state detectors -- Displacement damages and interactions in semiconductor devices -- Gas filled chambers -- Principles of particle energy determination -- Superheated droplet (bubble) detectors and CDM search -- Medical physics applications.
ISBN:9789814603188
Series:eBooks
Series:World Scientific
Keywords: Detectors. , Radiation, Measurement
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Call number:9781608077779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Terahertz metrology
Author(s): Mira Naftaly
Date:2015
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers -- Photoconductive Emitters and Detectors -- Optical Rectification -- Electro-Optic Detection -- Terahertz Air-Based Coherent Detection -- Cherenkov (Tilted Wavefront) Emitters and Detectors -- Continuou s-Wave Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometer and Microwave Photonics -- Types of Continuous-Wave Terahertz Emitters and Detectors -- Time-Domain Spectrometer Configurations -- Transmission -- Reflection -- Attenuated Total Reflection -- Asynchronous Optical Sampling -- Substrate Lenses -- Commercial Systems -- Parameter Extraction in Time-Domain . Chapter 2 Spectrometers -- Material Properties and Wave Propagation -- Complex Refractive Index and Complex Permittivity -- Plane Wave Propagation Across an Interf ace.Fresnel Equations -- Plane Wave Propagation Through a Dielectric Slab -- Fabry-Perot Effect -- Extracting Optical Parameters from Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers Data -- Transmission-mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Approximation -- Trans mission-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Exact Solution -- Reflection-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Single Reflection -- Reflection-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Double Reflection -- Attenuated Total Reflection -- Preproce ssing and Postprocessing of Data -- Signal Averaging in the Time and Frequency Domains -- Signal Denoising -- Phase Unwrapping -- Sample Requirements -- Sample Thickness -- Lateral Dimensions of Samples -- Loss: Absorption, Scattering, Diffraction
Chapter 3 Metrology for Time-Domain Spectrometers -- Performance Parameters: Sensitivity, Resolution, Precision, Accuracy, Dynamic Range, and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers -- System Performance Limits Due to Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Frequency Resolution -- Measurement Bandwidth -- Sources of Random Noise -- Amplitude -- Phase -- Systematic Errors -- Alignment Errors -- Focal Plane Defocusing -- Delay Line Err ors -- Terahertz Beam Profile -- Chapter 4 Evaluation of Uncertainty in Time-Domain Spectroscopy -- Method of Uncertainty Evaluation -- Evaluation of Random and Systematic Errors -- Propagation and Combination of Measurement Uncertainty -- Measurement wit h Resolution Limit -- Sources of Uncertainty in Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy -- Random and Systematic Errors in Amplitude -- Random and Systematic Errors in Sample Thickness -- Random and Systematic Errors in Sample Alignment -- Systematic Error in the Approximated Transfer Function -- Systematic Error Due to Reflections -- Systematic Error in Physical Constants -- Uncertainty in Optical Constants: A Combination of Variances
Chapter 5 Metrology for Fourier Transform Spectrometers -- Spectrometer Configurations -- Michelson -- Mach-Zender -- Polarized Fourier Transform Spectrometer (Martin-Pupplett Interferometer) -- Modes of Operation: Step and Integrate or Fast Scannin g -- Moving Stage -- General Fourier Transform Spectrometer Advantages -- Fourier Transform Spectrometer Metrology -- Encoders, Synchronizing, and Time-Stamping -- Instrument Line Function: A Spectral Resolution Limitation -- Apodization -- Cosine and Sin e Terms and Phase Correction Techniques -- Achievable Spectral Resolution -- Sample Measurement Parameter Recovery -- Thin Sample Approximation: Lossless Case -- Dispersive Medium -- Thick Sample Analysis (or Noncollimated Measurement) -- Absorption Coeff icients -- Sources of Noise and Uncertainties -- Time-Domain Errors -- (Software) Noise Reduction Techniques -- Chapter 6 Terahertz Spectrometer Calibration -- Why Calibrate Terahertz Spectrometers -- Frequency Calibration -- Gases -- Solids -- Resonant M esh Filters -- Etalons -- Summary of Frequency Calibration Standards -- Amplitude Linearity Calibration -- Reflection Standards
Chapter 7 Terahertz Imaging -- Image Resolution of a Terahertz Imaging System -- Data Analysis in the Far Field -- Imaging Thin Layers -- Spatial Resolution Tests -- Near-Field Imaging -- Chemical Imaging -- Focal Plane Array Microbolometer Cameras -- Chapter 8 Metrology for Vector Network Analyzers -- Vector Network Analyzers -- The Role of a Network Analyzer -- Scattering Parameters -- Vector Network Analyzer Systems -- Extender Heads -- Good Practice Tips -- Metallic Waveguides -- Basic Properti es -- Dispersion -- Standardized Sizes and Frequency Ranges -- Flanges/Interfaces -- Good Practice Tips -- Calibration Standards and Methods -- Calibration: General Principles -- Types of Calibration Standard -- One-Port Calibration Methods -- Two-Port Ca libration Methods -- Connection Repeatability -- System Verification -- Chapter 9 Terahertz Optics -- Terahertz Optical Materials -- Transparency at Terahertz Frequencies -- Inorganic Crystals for Terahertz Optics -- Polymers for Terahertz Optics -- Metal Reflectivities -- Gaussian Optics -- Gaussian Beams -- Parabolic Mirrors -- Dichroic Optical Elements -- Terahertz Transparent/Visible Opaque -- Terahertz Opaque/Visible Transparent -- Terahertz Reflective/Visible Transparent -- Terahertz Transparent/Vis ible Reflective -- Wire-Grid Polarizers -- Antireflection Coatings -- Photonic Crystal Fibers and Terahertz . Waveguides
Chapter 10 Terahertz Laser Sources -- Optically Pumped Gas Lasers -- P-Germanium Laser -- Quantum Cascade Lasers -- Pulsed Difference Frequency Generation -- High-Resolution Frequency Measurements Using Continuous-Wave Difference Frequency Generatio n -- Optical Parametric Oscillators -- Free Electron Lasers -- Chapter 11 Electronic Sources of Terahertz Radiation and Terahertz Detectors -- Electronic Sources of Terahertz Radiation: Introduction and Terminology -- Vacuum Electronic Sources -- Backward Wave Oscillators -- Extended Interaction Klystrons -- Solid-State Devices -- Gunn Diodes and IMPATT Oscillators and Amplifiers -- Transistor Amplifiers -- Frequency Multiplied Sources -- Source Characteristics Summary -- Detectors of Terahertz Radiation: Introduction and Terminology . Incoherent Detectors -- Golay Cell -- Pyroelectric Detectors -- Room-Temperature Bolometers -- Cryogenic Bolometers -- Photoconductive Detectors -- Semiconductor Diode Rectifiers -- Thermopiles -- Incoherent Detector Summar y -- Coherent Detectors: Introduction -- Schottky Diode Mixers -- Frequency Measurement
ISBN:9781608077762
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech ebooks
Keywords: Terahertz spectroscopy. , Metrology. , Terahertz technology.
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Call number:9781316004296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gaseous radiation detectors [electronic resource]: fundamentals and applications
Author(s): Fabio Sauli
(CERN)
Date:2014
Publisher:Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource
Contents:Electromagnetic interactions of charged particles with matter -- Interactions of photons and neutrons with matter -- Drift and diffusion of charges in gases -- Collisional excitations and charge multiplication in uniform fields -- Parallel plate cou nters -- Proportional counters -- Multi-wire proportional chambers -- Drift chambers -- Time projection chambers -- Multi-tube arrays -- Resistive plate chambers -- Micro-pattern gaseous detectors -- Cherenkov ring imaging -- Miscellaneous detectors and a pplications -- Time degeneracy and ageing -- Further reading on radiation detectors
ISBN:9781107043015
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Series:eBooks
Series:Cambridge monographs on particle Physics, nuclear physics and cosmology, v.36
Keywords: Gas detectors , Radiation, Measurement, Instruments , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:9780123848734:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis (electronic resource)
Author(s): Michael F. L'Annunziata (ed.)
Date:2012
Edition:Third edition.
Publisher:Amsterdam : Elsevier
Size:1 online resource (1379 p)
Contents:Radiation physics and radionuclide decay -- Radioactivity counting statistics -- Gas ionization detectors -- Solid-state nuclear tract detectors -- Semiconductor detectors -- Alpha spectrometry -- Liquid scintillation analysis: Principles and practi ce -- Sample preparation techniques for liquid scintillation analysis -- Environmental liquid scintillation analysis -- Environmental radioactivity monitoring -- Radioactive aerosol analysis -- Marine radioactivity analysis -- Inorganic mass spectrometry of radionuclides -- Radionuclide standardization -- Cherenkov counting -- Solid scintillation analysis -- Flow-cell analysis -- Automated radiochemical separation, analysis, and sensing -- High-resolution beta imaging -- Analytical techniques in nuclear s afeguards -- Nuclear forensics.
ISBN:9780123848734
Series:ScienceDirect eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Liquid scintillation counting , Radioactivity Measurement
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Call number:3527405976:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Noble Gas Detectors
Author(s): Aprile
Date:2006
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (363 p.)
ISBN:9783527405978
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:TP754.S33::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gaseous radiation detectors : fundamentals and applications
Author(s): Fabio Sauli
(CERN)
Date:2014
Publisher:Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
Size:497 p
Contents:Introduction -- Electromagnetic interactions of charged particles with matter -- Interaction of photons and neutrons with matter -- drift and diffusion of charges in gases -- Collisional excitations and charge multiplication in uniform fields -- Par allel plate counters -- Proportional counters -- Multi-wire proportional chambers -- Drift chambers -- Time projection chambers -- Multi-tube arrays -- Resistive plate chambers -- Micropattern gaseous detectors -- Cherenkov ring imaging -- Miscellaneous d etectors and applications -- Time degeneracy and ageing.
ISBN:9781107043015
Series:Cambridge monographs on particle physics, nuclear physics and cosmology, v 36
Keywords: Gas detectors , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Radiation - Measurement - Instruments
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Call number:TP754.F73::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Innovative applications and developments of micro-pattern gaseous detectors
Author(s): Tom Francke
Vladimir Peskov
Date:2014
Publisher:Engineering Science Reference
Size:326 p
ISBN:9781466660144
Series:Advances in Chemical and Materials Engineering (Acme) Book Series
Keywords: Gas detectors.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401788281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:THz and Security Applications [electronic resource] : Detectors, Sources and Associated Electronics for THz Applications
Author(s): Carlo Corsi
Fedir Sizov
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:These proceedings comprise invited papers from highly experienced researchers in THz technology and security applications. THz detection of explosives represents one of the most appealing technologies to have recently emerged indealing with terrorist attacks encountered by civil security and military forces throughout the world. Discussed are the most advanced technologies and developments, the various points of operational strength and weaknesses as well asare suggestions and predictions the best te chnological solutions to overcome current operational limits. The current status of various levels of cooling in THz detectors, sources and associated electronics are also addressed. Thegoal was to provide a clear view on the current technologies availabl e and the required advances needed in order to achieve more efficient systems. This goal was outlined in part by establishing the baseline of current uncertaintyestimations in physics-based modelling and the identification of key areas which require addit ional research and development.
Contents:Tera Hertz: Quasi
Optics or Submillimeter Waves? History, Actual Limits and Future Developments for Security Systems
Far
infrared semiconductor detectors and focal plane arrays
Uncooled rectification and bolometer type THz/sub
THz detectors
High power, narrow
linewidth and compact terahertz sources for room temperature applications
Terahertz Photonic Devices
Terahertz Imaging System Based on Superconducting Heterodyne Integrated Receiver
Application of surface waves for THz spectroscopy
Quartz enhanced photoacoustic sensors for trace gas detection in the IR and THz spectra
ISBN:9789401788281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400772410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th UCLA Symposium on Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe, February 22-24,2012, Marina del Rey, Califor nia / edited by David Cline
Author(s): David Cline
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These proceedings provide the latest results on dark matter and dark energy research. The UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy hosted its tenth Dark Matter and Dark Energy conference in Marina del Rey and brought together allthe leaders in the fi eld. The symposium provided a scientific forum for the latest discussions in the field. Topics covered at the symposium: Status of measurements of the equation of state of dark energy and new experiments The search for missing energy events at the LHC and implications for dark matter search Theoretical calculations on all forms of dark matter (SUSY, axions, sterile neutrinos, etc.) Status of the indirect search for dark matterStatus of the direct search for dark matter in detectors around the world The lo w-mass wimp search region The next generation of very large dark matter detectors New underground laboratories for dark matter search
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Talks from DM 2012
List of Attendees at DM 2012
Brief Overview
Theoretical Precision: Cosmology and Dark Matter
Radiative natural supersymmetry with mixed axion/higgsino cold dark matter
Finite Temperature density profile in SFD
An argument for axion dark matter
Supersymmetric Dark Matter at XENON100 and the LHC: No
Scale F
SU(5) Stringy Correlations
Approaches on self
gravitating Bose
Einstein condensates
Search for Turbulent Gas through Interstellar Scintillation
Search for Dark Matter LHC, CMB, Fermi LAT
The missing energy events at the LHC and imp
ISBN:9789400772410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v148
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441910400:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Device Physics of Narrow Gap Semiconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Junhao Chu
Arden Sher
Date:2010
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Narrow gap semiconductors obey the general rules of semiconductor science, but often exhibit extreme features of these rules because of the same properties that produce their narrow gaps. Consequently these materials providesensitive tests of theory, and the opportunity for the design of innovative devices. Narrow gap semiconductors are the most important materials for the preparation of advanced modern infrared systems. Device Physics of Narrow GapSemiconductors offers descriptions of the materials science and device physics of these unique materials. Topics covered include impurities and defects, recombination mechanisms, surface and interface properties, and the properties oflow dimensional systems for infrared applications. This book will help re aders to understand not only the semiconductor physics and materials science, but also how they relate to advanced opto-electronic devices. The last chapterapplies the understanding of device physics to photoconductive detectors, photovoltaic infrared det ectors, super lattices and quantum wells, infrared lasers, and single photon infrared detectors
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Impurities and Defects
Recombination
Surface Two
Dimensional Electron Gas
Superlattices and Quantum Wells
Device physics
ISBN:9781441910400
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Microdevices, Physics and Fabrication Technologies
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402087967:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Smart Materials for Energy, Communications and Security [electronic resource]
Author(s): Igor A Luk'yanchuk
Daoud Mezzane
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume is a result of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Smart Materials for Energy, Communications and Security held in Marrakech, Morocco, December 2007 in frame of the NATO - Science for Peace program. Itsobjective is to overview several hot topics of material physics related with technological problems of modern society with the focus of their implementation in Mediterranean Dialogue countries: Algeria, Egypt, Mauritania, Morocco andTunisia. The articles are written by world famous exper ts in materials science and engineering. They review the state of art, recent achievements, possible and already implemented applications in the following fields of materialsscience: Materials for transmission, treatment and storage of information, multif erroic, magnetic and superconducting materials for spintronics, electrochromic and nitride-based semiconducting materials for infrared and optoelectronicdevices, carbon-based terahertz electronic technologies, memory- capacious materials. Energy storage m aterials and photovoltaic cells Piezo and Electroactive materials for detectors, acoustic transducers and gas sensors. Functionalmaterials for electronics, environmental security, measurement and characterisation techniques
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Preface. Contributors
I. Materials, Transmission, Treatment And Storage Of Information
II Energy Related Materials
III Piezo
And Electro
Active Materials
IV Other Functional Materials
Index. Index of materials
ISBN:9781402087967
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Magnetism , Engineering , Materials , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781846282096:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mid-infrared Semiconductor Optoelectronics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Anthony Krier
Date:2006
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The practical realisation of optoelectronic devices operating in the 210 m (mid-infrared) wavelength range offers potential applications in a variety of areas from environmental gas monitoring around oil rigs and landfillsites to the detection of pha rmaceuticals, particularly narcotics. In addition, an atmospheric transmission window exists between 3 m and 5 m that enables free-space optical communications, thermal imaging applications and thedevelopment of infrared measures for homeland security. Co nsequently, the mid-infrared is very attractive for the development of sensitive optical sensor instrumentation. Unfortunately, the nature of the likely applicationsdictates stringent requirements in terms of laser operation, miniaturisation and cost that are difficult to meet. Many of the necessary improvements are linked to a better ability to fabricate and to understand the optoelectronicproperties of suitable high-quality epitaxial materials and device structures. Substantial progress in these matters is presented here. Mid-infrared Semiconductor Optoelectronics is an overview of the current status and technologicaldevelopment in this rapidly emerging area. It is composed of four parts. First, the basic physics and some of the main problems facing the design engineer (together with a comparison of possible solutions) are laid out. Next, there isa consideration of the multifarious lasers used as sources for mid-infrared technology, including an inspection of current approaches to the lack of such a sou rce in the 34 m region. Part III reviews recent work in light-emittingdiodes and detectors and also deals with negative luminescence. The final part of the book is concerned with applications and highlights, once more, the diversity and technological impo rtance of the mid-infrared spectral region. With aworld-wide authorship of experts working in a number of different mid-infrared-related fields Mid-infrared Semiconductor Optoelectronics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Theory of Mid
Wavelength Infrared Laser Active Regions
Bandstructure and High
pressure Measurements
III
Sb
based Type
I QW Diode Lasers
VCSELs Emitting in the 23 m Wavelength Range
Antimonide Type
II W Lasers
Interface Lasers with Asymmetric Band Offset Confinement
IV
VI Semiconductors for Mid
Infrared Optoelectronic Devices
Mid
infrared Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers based on Lead Salt Compounds
Optically Pumped MIR Lasers
Mid
infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers
Mid
infrared Electroluminescence in LEDs Based on InAs and Related Allo
ISBN:9781846282096
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v118
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Laser physics , Physical optics , Electronics , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402038440:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ISO Science Legacy [electronic resource] : A Compact Review of ISO Major Achievements
Author(s): Catherine Cesarsky
Alberto Salama
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Stars are born and die in clouds of gas and dust, opaque to most types of radiation, but transparent in the infrared. Requiring complex detectors, space missions and cooled telescopes, infrared astronomy is the last branch of thisdiscipline to come o f age. After a very successful sky survey performed in the eighties by the IRAS satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, in the nineties, brought spectacular advances in the understanding of the processes givingrise to powerful infrared emission by a gr eat variety of celestial sources. Outstanding results have been obtained on the bright comet Hale-Bopp, and in particular of its water spectrum, as well as on the formation, chemistry anddynamics of planetary objects in the solar system. Ideas on the earl y stages of stellar formation and on the stellar initial mass function have been clarified. ISO is the first facility in space able to provide a systematic diagnosisof the physical phenomena and the chemistry in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using, among other indicators, molecular hydrogen, ubiquitouscrystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has dramatically increased our ability to investigate the power production, excitation and fuelling mechanism of galaxies of every type, and has discovered a new very cold dust component ingalaxies. ISO has demonstrated that luminous infrared galaxies were brighter and much more numerous in the past, and that they played a domin ant role in shaping present day galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Foreword. General. Crystalline Silicates. Water in Space The Water World of ISO. Molecular Hydrogen. Understanding galaxy formation with ISO deep surveys
Solar System. The planets and Titan observed by ISO. Comets. Asteroids and Zodiacal Light as seen by ISO
Stars and circumstellar matter. ISO observations of Pre
Stellar Cores and Young Stellar Objects. Pre
Main Sequence Stars seen by ISO. Debris discs around stars: The 2004 ISO legacy. Late stages of Stellar Evolution
Interstellar Medium. The Cool Interstellar Medium. High excitation ISM and gas. The Ice Survey
ISBN:9781402038440
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Molecular structure
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401007481:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics: The Cosmic Microwave Background
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (662 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0748-1
Contents:Phase Transitions in the Early Universe -- Elements of Baryogenesis -- Out of EquilibriumFields in Selfconsistent Inflationary Dynamics. Density Fluctuations -- Minimal String DrivenCosmology and its Predictions -- New Dual Relations
BetweenQuantumField Theory and String Regimes in CurvedBackgrounds -- Detectabilityof Relic Squeezed Gravitational Wavesby Laser Interferometers -- Gravitational Field and Its Energy-Momentum Tensor -- Observations and Theory of The
Cosmic Microwave Background -- The 1+3 Covariant Approach to CMB Anisotropies. Erice lectures 1999 -- Some Problems of the CMB Polarization -- The High Redshift Radio Universe -- In Search of the Early Universe. I. The Oldest Stars --
In Search of the Early Universe. II. The Youngest Galaxies -- Clusters of Galaxies and the Large Scale Structure -- Structure Formation of Galaxy Clusters and Beyond -- Warm Dark Matter. Clues to Primordial Phase Density from the
Structure of Galaxy Halos -- Dark Matter as Determined from Energetic Particles -- Fractal Lacunarity and Scenarios for the Near-Isotropic Distribution of Galaxies -- Fractal Structures and the Large Scale Distribution of Galaxies --
The Cosmological Many-Body Problem and Some of its Observational Implications -- The Statistical Mechanics of the Self-Gravitating Gas: Equation of State and Fractal Dimension -- Renormalization Group Flow and Fragmentation in the
Self-Gravitating Thermal Gas -- Bepposax: 3 Years of Operation. Highlights and Significant Results 483 -- The Extreme Energy Cosmic Rays and Cosmic Neutrinos as Probes for the Distant Universe. Astrophysics Involved and Experimental
Approach. 499 -- Origin and Physics of the Highest Energy Particles in the Universe SIS -- The Gamma-Ray Bursts and the SWIFT Mission -- Neutrino Oscillations and Cosmology -- High Energy Neutrino Astronomy: Towards Kilometer-Scale
Detectors -- Accretion of Gas onto Black Holes -- Mass Extinctions of Species — Were Dinosaurs Killed by an Asteroid or Volcanoes? -- Opening the Third Millennium -- Photographs of the Institute -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401007481
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 562
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Cosmology , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Physics, general , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401143530:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Radiation Changes in the Ozone Layer
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (398 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4353-0
Contents:Developments in tropospheric chemistry -- 3-D tropospheric model development:Impact of non methane hydrocarbon chemistry -- Model analysis of stratosphere-troposphere exchange of ozone and its role in the tropospheric ozone budget --
Peroxy radicals concentration and ozone generation rate for different regions of Russia as a result of TROICA-2 experiment -- Overview of concepts and results of the PAUR I and PAUR II Projects (Modulation of Solar Ultraviolet
Radiation and Photochemistry by Stratospheric Ozone, aerosols and tropospheric ozone) -- Global impact of aircraft emission on ozone concentrations and methane lifetime: Results from the 1999 IPCC aircraft assessment -- The impact of
NOx and H2O emissions from future Sub-and Supersonic aircraft upon the chemical composition of the atmosphere (A model study using a stratospheric CTM) -- Calculations of radiative forcing from ozone change -- Atmospheric ozone as a
climate gas: Studies concerning aircraft emissions -- Tropospheric aerosol formation: Processes observations and simulations -- Background levels of atmospheric particulate matter over the Northeast Atlantic ocean -- The effect of
aerosol on UV flux at the Earth’s surface -- A simplified spectral model for UV irradiance computations -- Observed long-term ozone and UV changes -- Variability of daily and annual cycles of mean erythemal solar irradiance related to
total ozone variability -- UV irradiance patterns in Italy -- Calibration and characterization of erythemal broadband detectors -- Chemistry and radiation changes in the ozone layer [Halogenated hydrocarbons (halocarbons) and their
impact on stratospheric ozone] -- Springtime stratospheric ozone over Marambio, Antarctic during 1990-1998. (Analysis of ozone sonde data in relation the phase and position of polar vortex) -- Stratospheric CLO across the edge of the
Arctic polar vortex: Measurements of the Airborne-Submillimeter SIS Radiometer compared to 3-D model calculations -- Vertical profiles of long lived trace gases. (A basis for the analysis of stratospheric dynamics) -- Study of the
Arctic polar vortex erosion from ozone Lidar measurements performed at OHP (44N, 6E) -- APE-GAIA Airborn Polar Experiment - Geophysica Aircraft in Antarctica -- Heterogeneous processes in the atmosphere -- Kinetics and mechanism of
homogeneous reactions of halomethanes with chlorine atoms -- NASA’s experience in deriving total ozone from satellites -- Satellite observations of tropospheric and stratospheric gases -- Monte Carlo simulations of radiative transfer
for LIMB scan measurements -- Performances of the near real time code for MIPAS data analysis -- Aerosol retrieval algorithm for satellite solar occulation and infrared emission measurements: Theory and 3-D analysis -- An
“intermediate” general circulation model for ozone change studies -- Numerical study of possible influence of longitudinal ozone inhomogeneities on dynamics of the middle atmosphere -- Investigation on different total ozone time scale
components -- List of Lecturers -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789401143530
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 557
Keywords: Earth sciences , Chemistry , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Chemistry/Food Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783662042137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atom, Molecule, and Cluster Beams I Basic Theory, Production and Detection of Thermal Energy Beams
Author(s): Hans Pauly
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (344 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04213-7
Contents:1. The Role of Molecular Beams in the 20th Century -- 1.1 Historical Development -- 1.2 Main Applications of Molecular Beams -- 1.3 Thermal Energy Molecular Beam Applications in other Fields -- 1.4 Fast Beam Applications -- 1.5
Examples of Molecular Beam Machines -- 2. Fundamentals of Kinetic Gas Theory -- 2.1 Ideal Gases in Thermodynamic Equilibrium -- 2.1.1 The Maxwellian Velocity Distribution -- 2.2 Quantum Statistics -- 2.3 Molecular Flow Through an Ideal
Aperture -- 2.4 Molecular Flow Through Channels -- 3. Fundamental Principles of Gas Dynamics -- 3.1 Some Fundamentals of Thermodynamics -- 3.2 Governing Equations of Steady Flow -- 3.3 One-Dimensional Flow -- 3.4 Two-Dimensional Flow
-- 3.5 Free-Jet Expansion -- 3.6 The Transition to Nonequilibrium Conditions -- 3.7 Internal Energy Relaxation -- 3.8 Binary Gas Mixtures -- 3.9 Condensation and Cluster Formation -- 4. Thermal Energy Molecular Beam Sources -- 4.1
Experimental Requirements -- 4.2 Gas Sources (4–600 K) -- 4.3 Ovens for Gases and Solids -- 4.4 Laser Ablation -- 4.5 Sputtering Sources -- 4.6 Recirculating Sources and Sources for Special Applications -- 4.7 Sources for Beams of
Radicals -- 4.8 Production of Metastable Particles -- 4.9 Rydberg Atoms -- 4.10 Pulsed Beam Sources -- 4.11 Sources of Slow and Cold Atoms -- 5. Detection Methods -- 5.1 Accumulation Detectors -- 5.2 Momentum Detectors -- 5.3 Special
Vacuum Gauges -- 5.4 Surface Ionization (Langmuir—Taylor Detector) -- 5.5 Field Ionization -- 5.6 Universal Molecular Beam Detector -- 5.7 Thermal Detectors -- 5.8 Detection of Metastable Particles -- 5.9 Spectroscopic Detection
Methods -- References
ISBN:9783662042137
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 28
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Fluids , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physical measurements , Measurement , Engineering , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Physical Chemistry , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783540455578:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical and Dynamical Aspects of Mesoscopic Systems Proceedings of the XVI Sitges Conference on Statistical Mechanics Held at Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, 7–11 June 1999
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (360 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45557-4
Contents:Quantum Dots -- Thermopower in Quantum Dots -- Kondo Effect in Quantum Dots -- Interpolative Method for Transport Properties of Quantum Dots in the Kondo Regime -- A New Tool for Studying Phase Coherent Phenomena in Quantum Dots --
Quantum Chaos -- Quantum Chaos and Spectral Transitions in the Kicked Harper Model -- Quantum Chaos Effects in Mechanical Wave Systems -- Magnetoconductance in Chaotic Quantum Billiards -- Time-Dependent Phenomena -- Shot Noise Induced
Charge and Potential Fluctuations of Edge States in Proximity of a Gate -- Shot-Noise in Non-Degenerate Semiconductors with Energy-Dependent Elastic Scattering -- Transport and Noise of Entangled Electrons -- Shot Noise Suppression in
Metallic Quantum Point Contacts -- Driven Tunneling -- Driven Tunneling: Chaos and Decoherence -- A Fermi Pump -- Transport in Semiconductor Superlattices -- Transport in Semiconductor Superlattices: From Quantum Kinetics to
Terahertz-Photon Detectors -- Current Self-Oscillations and Chaos in Semiconductor Superlattices -- Spin Properties -- Spintronic Spin Accumulation and Thermodynamics -- Mesoscopic Spin Quantum Coherence -- Random Systems and
Localization -- Numerical-Scaling Study of the Statistics of Energy Levels at the Anderson Transition -- Multiple Light Scattering in Nematic Liquid Crystals -- Two Interacting articles in a Two-Dimensional Random Potential --
Mesoscopic Superconductors,Nanotubes and Atomic Chains -- Paramagnetic Meissner Effect in Mesoscopic Superconductors -- Novel 0D Devices: Carbon-Nanotube Quantum Dots -- Atomic-Size Conductors -- Contributions Presented as Posters --
Observation of Shell Structure in Sodium Nanowires -- Strong Charge Fluctuations in the Single-Electron Box: A Quantum Monte Carlo Analysis -- Double Quantum Dots as Detectors of High-Frequency Quantum Noise in Mesoscopic Conductors --
1 Large Wigner Molecules and Quantum Dots -- 1 Fundamental Problems for Universal Quantum Computers -- Kondo Photo-Assisted Transport in Quantum Dots -- Shot Noise and Coherent Multiple Charge Transfer in Superconducting Quantum
Point-Contacts -- Evidence for Ising Ferromagnetism and First-Order Phase Transitions in the Two-Dimensional Electron Gas -- Mechanical Properties of Metallic One-Atom Quantum Point Contacts -- Nanosized Superconducting Constrictions
in High Magnetic Fields -- Interaction-Induced Dephasing in Disordered Electron Systems -- Resonant Tunneling Through Three Quantum Dots with Interdot Repulsion -- Spin-Isospin Textures in Quantum Hall Bilayers at Filling Factor ? = 2
-- Hall Resistance of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in the Presence of Magnetic Clusters with Large Perpendicular Magnetization -- Superconductivity Under Magnetic Fields in Nanobridges of Lead -- Effect of the Measurement on the
Decay Rate of a Quantum System -- Statistics of Intensities in Surface Disordered Waveguides -- Optical Transmission Through Strong Scattering and Highly Polydisperse Media -- Interference in Random Lasers -- Electron Patterns Under
Bistable Electro-Optical Absorption in Quantum Well Structures -- Simulation of Mesoscopic Devices with Bohm Trajectories and Wavepackets -- Chaotic Motion of Space Charge Monopole Waves in Semiconductors Under Time-Independent Voltage
Bias -- Improving Electron Transport Simulation in Mesoscopic Systems by Coupling a Classical Monte Carlo Algorithm to a Wigner Function Solver -- Extended States in Correlated-Disorder GaAs/AlGaAs Superlattices -- Non-Linear Charge
Dynamics in Semiconductor Superlattices -- Time-Dependent Resonant Tunneling in the Presence of an Electromagnetic Field -- The Interplay of Chaos and Dissipation in a Driven Double-Well Potential -- Monte Carlo Simulation of Quantum
Transport in Semiconductors Using Wigner Paths -- Transient Currents Through Quantum Dots -- Ultrafast Coherent Spectroscopy of the Fermi Edge Singularity -- Self-Consistent Theory of Shot Noise Suppression in Ballistic Conductors --
Transfer Matrix Formulation of Field-Assisted Tunneling -- Two-Dimensional Gunn Effect -- An Explanation for Spikes in Current Oscillations of Doped Superlattices -- Beyond the Static Aproximation in a Mean Field Quantum Disordered
System -- Quantum-Classical Crossover of the Escape Rate in a Spin System
ISBN:9783540455578
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 547
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Nanotechnology , Physics , Applied and Technical Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Solid State Physics , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783709175064:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Developments and Applications in Microbeam Analysis
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (392 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-7506-4
Contents:Recent Developments in Instrumentation for X-Ray Microanalysis -- High Resolution Non Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy with State of the Art Silicon Detectors -- Efficiency Calibration of a Si(Li) Detector by EPMA --
Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry -- X-Ray Spectrum Processing and Multivariate Analysis -- Thin Film Analysis and Chemical Mapping in the Analytical Electron Microscope -- On the Spatial Resolution in Analytical Electron
Microscopy -- Contamination in Analytical Electron Microscopy and in ALCHEMI -- Analytical Electron Microscopy of Diffusional Interfaces in an Al-22 at. % Zn Alloy -- Quantitative TEM-EDXS of Sol-Gel Derived PZT Ceramic Materials --
Particulate Composites of TZP-Chromium Oxide and TZP-Chromium Carbide Microbeam Investigations -- Cryo-Electron Spectroscopic Imaging, Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Analysis of Ag(Br, I) Nano- and
Microcrystals -- Electron Energy-Loss Near-Edge Structure of Alumina Polymorphs -- SPM Study of YBCO Films Prepared by Plasma Assisted Laser Ablation -- Surface Characterisation and Modification of YBCO Thin Films by STM --
Quantitative Near-Surface Microanalysis and Depth Profiling by EPMA -- EPMA Sputter Depth Profiling, Part I: Theory and Evaluation -- EPMA Sputter Depth Profiling, Part II: Experiment -- Quantitative Analysis of BN (C, O, Ar,
H)-Coatings Using EPMA and SIMS -- Quantitative EDS Analysis of SiO2/Al2O3/TiO2 Multilayer Films -- Surface Ionization of Thin Films on Substrates: Measurement and Simulation -- Comparison of Different Methods to Characterize Thin
a-Si:H Films -- EPMA Studies of the Growth of Thin Surface Coatings Produced by Evaporation -- Analysis of Thin Films with Slightly Rough Boundaries -- Effect of Chromium Substrate Pretreatment on Diamond Growth by the Chemical Vapour
Deposition Method -- EPMA Determination of Arsenic Excess in Low Temperature Grown GaAs -- EPMA of Melted UO2 Fuel Rods from the Phebus-FP Reactor Accident Experiment -- Steels, Carbon Concentration, and Microhardness -- Determination
of Chemical and Phase Composition of Fly-Ashes by Combined EPMA and XRD Methods -- EPMA of the Composition of Opal-Based Nanostructured Materials -- NDIC and EMP Study of Plagioclase Mineral Zoning: An Example from Nea Kameni Lavas --
Compositional X-Ray Maps of Metamorphic and Magmatic Minerals -- Chemical Mapping of Weathering Stages in Laterites -- Electron Microprobe Determination of Minor and Trace Concentrations of Gold and Platinum Group Elements in Sulphides
and Sulpharsenides: Problems, Solutions, and Applications -- Composition of 15–17th Century Archaeological Glass Vessels Excavated in Antwerp, Belgium -- Potassium Migration in Silica Glass During Electron Beam Irradiation -- X-Ray
Microanalysis of Frozen-Hydrated Biological Bulk Samples -- Environmental SEM and X-Ray Microanalysis of Biological Materials -- Effects of Electron-Beam/Gas Interactions on X-Ray Microanalysis in the Variable Pressure SEM -- The
Analytical Signal in EPMA and the Influence of the Electric Field Created by the Primary Beam -- Standardless Analysis -- A New Technique for Standardless Analysis by EPMA-TWIX -- Stopping Power Factor for Standardless QEPMA -- On the
Measurement of the Backscattering Coefficient for Low Energy Electrons -- Monte Carlo Simulations of Edge Artefacts in MULSAM Images -- Assessment of the Inelastic Scattering Model in Monte-Carlo Simulations -- A Rapid Comparison of
Matrix Corrections in AES and XPS by Means of Computer Programs -- Fractals and BaTiO3-Ceramic Microstructure Analysis -- Fragmentation of Sputtered Cluster Ions of Transition Metals: Distributions of Lifetimes and Internal Energies --
Sputtering of Tantalum by Atomic and Molecular Gold Ions: Comparative Study of Yields and Kinetic Energy Distributions of Atomic and Cluster Ions -- The Standards, Measurements and Testing Programme (SMT), the European Support to
Standardisation, Measurements and Testing Projects
ISBN:9783709175064
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mikrochimica Acta Supplement: 15
Keywords: Materials science , Analytical chemistry , Materials Science , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9781461222309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Flow at Ultra-High Reynolds and Rayleigh Numbers A Status Report
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (466 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-2230-9
Contents:Ultra-High Reynolds Number Flows Using Cryogenic Helium: An Overview -- Helium Flows at Ultra-High Reynolds and Rayleigh Numbers: Opportunities and Challenges -- European Large Scale Helium Refrigeration -- Cryogenic Wind Tunnels for
Aerodynamic Testing -- Application of Magnetic Suspension and Balance Systems to Ultra-High Reynolds Number Facilities -- The Temperature and Pressure Dependencies of Fluid Properties: Implications for Achieving Ultra-High Rayleigh and
Reynolds And Rayleigh Numbers -- Advanced Measurement Techniques for Flow Diagnostics -- Current Status of Particle Image Velocimetry and Laser Doppler Anemometry Instrumentation -- Application of a Laser Doppler Velocimeter and Some
Visualization Methods to the Measurement of He II Thermo-Fluid Dynamic Phenomena -- Cryogenic Thermometry for Turbulence Research: An Overview -- Realization of a 107 Reynolds Number Helium Facility -- The Mean Velocity Profile in
Turbulent Pipe Flow -- Instrument Development For High Reynolds Number Flows in Liquid Helium -- Free Thermal Convection in Low Temperature Helium Gas -- Buoyant Plumes and Internal Waves: Two Experiments in Turbulent Convection --
High-Rayleigh Number Turbulence of a Low Prandtl Number Fluid -- Recent Velocity Measurements in Turbulent Thermal Convection -- Convection in 3He-Superfluid-4He: A Novel System for Studying Convective Instabilities and Turbulence --
Experiments on Strong Turbulence: Do We Really Measure What We Say We Measure? -- Turbulent Mixing of a Passive Scalar -- A Brief Overview of the RHIC Cryogenic System -- High Reynolds Number Testing Requirements in (Civilian)
Aeronautics -- Considerations For Small Detectors in High Reynolds Number Experiments -- Helium Gas Turbulence Experiments in Grenoble: Techniques and Results -- Turbulence Driven Between Counter-rotating Disks in Low Temperature
Helium Gas -- Some Issues in Geophysical Turbulence and the Need for Accurate High Reynolds Number Measurements -- Does Fully-Developed Turbulence Exist? -- Hydrodynamic Turbulence: a 19th Century Problem with a Challenge for the 21st
Century -- Are Scalings of Turbulence Universal? -- Vortex Lines in Non-Uniform Flows -- Modeling of Sea Storms on Cryogenic Installations -- Decay of Grid Turbulence in Superfluid 4He -- First Images of Controlled Convection in Liquid
Helium -- High Reynolds number [R? = O (106)] Boundary Layer Turbulence in the Atmospheric Surface layer Above Western Utah’s Salt Flats
ISBN:9781461222309
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Fluids , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461303695:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Diagnostics for Experimental Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (652 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0369-5
Contents:The ITER Project -- The ITER Device -- The ITER Diagnostic Programme -- Requirements for ITER Diagnostics -- ITER Plasma Diagnostics Generic Access -- Radiation Hardening of Diagnostic Components -- Imitation of Fusion Reactor
Environment Effects on the Inner Elements of Spectroscopical, mm and Sub-mm Diagnostics -- Magnetic Diagnostics -- Overview of Magnetic Diagnostics Planned for ITER -- Magnetic Equilibrium Reconstruction Techniques for Tokamak Reactors
-- Fast and Accurate Methods of Plasma Boundary Determination in ITER from External Magnetic Measurements -- A Hybrid Magnetic Probe for Steady State Magnetic Field Measurements -- Reflectometry and ECE -- Comparison of Different
Reflectometry Techniques -- Reflectometry Applications to ITER -- Reflectometry for ITER Density Profiles -- Proposal of Reflectometry System for ITER -- ICRF Physics Measurements by Reflectometry -- ITER Relevant Reflectometry
Developments on DIII-D -- Status of the RTP Pulsed-Radar Reflectometer and Prospects for ITER -- Millimeter-Wave Diagnostic Systems for ITER -- Experimental Results of Amplitude Modulation Reflectometry on High Density Tokamak Plasmas
-- Two Dimensional Effects of Turbulence on Density Profile Measurements by Reflectometry -- Physics Issues of ECE and ECA for ITER -- ECE Diagnostic on ITER -- Instrumentation of ECE for ITER -- Rotating Reflector Spectrometers for
ECE Diagnostic in Large Fusion Devices -- Multimode Light Collection Systems for ECE Diagnostics -- Interferometry, Polarimetry and Thomson Scattering -- Advantages and Limitations of Microwave Diagnostics in ITER -- Application of
Interferometry and Faraday Rotation Techniques for Density Measurements on ITER -- Development of Dual C02 Laser Interferometer for Large Tokamak -- Infrared Laser Diagnostics for ITER -- A Thomson Scattering Scheme for Obtaining Te
and ne Profiles of the ITER Core Plasma -- The Concept of ITER Divertor Plasma Diagnostics by Means of LIDAR Technique -- Thomson Scattering at the Edge of ITER -- Spectroscopy -- Active Spectroscopic Diagnostics for ITER Utilizing
Neutral Beams -- Spectroscopy for Impurity Control in ITER -- Edge nT/nD by Two-Photon Induced Ly-? Fluorescence -- Development of Luminescent Detectors for Hot Plasmas -- Multilayer Mirror Based Monitors for Impurity Controls in ITER
-- Feasibility of Quantitative Spectroscopy on ITER -- Laser-Induced Fluorescence -- Concepts and Requirements for ITER X-Ray Diagnostics -- Applications of X-Ray Spectroscopy to ITER -- Diamond Detector Based SXR Array for ITER --
Fusion Products -- Fusion Product Measurements in D-T Plasmas in TFTR -- DT Neutron Measurements and Experience on TFTR -- A Neutron Camera for ITER: Conceptual Design -- Neutron Spectrometry for ITER -- Advanced Neutron Camera with
Spectrometer Functions -- The MPR Neutron Spectrometer Project -- The MPR Neutron Diagnostic at JET — An ITER Prototype Study -- Detailed Ion Temperature Information from the Neutron Emission Spectrum -- Neutron Spectrometers for ITER
-- Diamond Detector Based DT Neutron Spectrometer for ITER -- Ion Temperature Profile Measurements by Means of Neutron Spectroscopy -- Scintillating Fibre Neutron Spectrometer -- Neutron Image System to Measure Neutron Profile of ITER
Plasma -- ITER Plasma Position and Power Determination from Neutron Measurements -- ITER Gamma Diagnostics: 2-D Neutron and Gamma Camera -- Alpha-Physics and Measurement Requirements for ITER -- Initial Operation of an ITER Compatible
Lost Alpha Detector at JET -- ITER Alpha Particle Diagnostics Using Knock-on Ion Tails -- Charge-Exchange (C-X) Diagnostics of Fast Confined Alphas: Present Situation and Prospects for ITER -- A Diagnostic He0 Beam for ITER and LHD --
Alpha Slowdown Measurement for ITER -- Collective Thomson Scattering Diagnostic of Confined Alpha Particle Distributions in ITER -- Review of Possibilities for a Collective Thomson Scattering System on ITER -- Divertor Diagnostics --
Divertor Diagnostics for JET -- Spectroscopy of Divertor Plasmas -- Bolometry for Divertor Characterization and Control -- Bolometer for ITER -- Neutral Gas Diagnostic for ITER -- Optical Surface Temperature Measurement -- Langmuir
Probes and Optical Diagnostics for the ITER Divertor -- Laser Diagnostics of Hydrogen and Helium Atoms in a Divertor Region -- Thermal Helium Beam for Diagnostic of Electron Density and Temperature -- A Rad-Hard, Steady-State, Digital
Imaging Bolometer System for ITER -- Diagnostics of Other Fusion Experiments -- Overview of W7-X Diagnostics -- Diagnostics for LHD -- The T-15 Fusion Products Study: Plans and Diagnostics
ISBN:9781461303695
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Analytical chemistry , Continuum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Nuclear fusion , Nuclear engineering , Physics , Nuclear Fusion , Analytical Chemistry , Nuclear Engineering , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical Continuum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401104074:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Imaging in High Energy Astronomy Proceedings of the International Workshop held in Anacapri (Capri-Italy), 26–30 September 1994
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (381 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0407-4
Contents:Coding (and decoding) coded mask telescopes -- Imaging techniques applied to the coded mask SIGMA telescope -- Wide field monitoring of the X-ray sky using rotation modulation collimators -- Hard X-ray Imaging via focusing optics with
mosaic crystals -- A hard X-ray telescope/concentrator design based on graded period multilayer coatings -- Review of crystal diffraction and its application to focusing energetic gamma rays -- Hard X-ray all-sky Imaging with
BATSE/CGRO -- Direct demodulation method and its application to hard X-ray and ?-ray Imaging -- The INTEGRAL mission -- Future goals for Imaging -- Future goals for ?-ray spectroscopy -- Maximum entropy Imaging of COMPTEL data --
Imaging diffuse emission with COMPTEL -- Focusing in the hard X-ray band -- Imaging gas counters for X- and gamma ray astronomy -- Hard X-ray and gamma-ray Imaging with solid state detectors -- Imaging design of the wide field X-ray
monitor onboard the HETE satellite -- Development of the CAPTIF software facility for the simulation of coded aperture telescopes and its application to INTEGRAL and other instruments -- Scientific design and optimization of a coded
mask hard X-ray telescope -- X-ray Imaging with ART-P/GRANAT -- ABRIXAS — a broad-band Imaging X-ray all-sky survey -- The MART-LIME high-energy telescope -- The coded mask design and test flight results of a small array Germanium
telescope -- HEXIT: high-energy X-ray Imaging telescope -- A compendium of coded mask designs -- Low energy gamma ray imager (LEGRI) -- Advanced techniques of image correction for the coded mask telescope SIGMA -- SAX: satellite for
X-ray astronomy -- Optimised sampling for hexagonal arrays coded mask telescopes -- Imaging with two angular scales using coded mask techniques -- New wavelet methods for flat fielding coded aperture images -- Useful classes of
redundant array for Imaging applications -- Solar X-ray Imaging telescope -- Incident pixel reconstruction for gamma ray telescopes -- A spaceborne crystal diffraction telescope for the energy range of nuclear transition -- A study of
the effects of background subtraction on occultation Imaging -- High sensitivity Imaging of soft ?-rays using bragg concentrators -- A novel system for the location of GRBS -- New conception multilayer hard X-ray telescope for X-ray
astronomy -- Replicated reflectors for wide field X-ray Imaging telescopes -- Detection of gamma ray polarization with INTEGRAL -- Sensitivity and efficiencies of the INTEGRAL Imager -- INTEGRAL X-ray monitor: a proposal for the hard
X-ray imager onboard INTEGRAL -- COMPTEL as a gamma-ray polarimeter -- GLAST — a broadband high energy ?-ray telescope using silicon strip detectors -- AGATE: expanding on the success of EGRET -- The all-sky high-energy gamma-ray
monitor (CYGAM PROJECT) -- Imaging performance of FIGARO-IV, a large area ?-ray telescope above 100 MeV -- Hard X-ray Imaging using microchannel plate optics -- The hard X-ray telescope: Instrument concept and detectors -- Experimental
results obtained with the positron-annihilation-radiation telescope of the Toulouse-Argonne collaboration -- Gamma-ray Imaging with germanium planar arrays -- Spatial and spectral resolution of a Germanium strip detectors -- Hard X-ray
and gamma-ray Imaging systems utilizing Germanium strip detectors -- The Imaing liquid Xenon coded aperture telescope (LXe-CAT) -- ISGRI: a CdTe layer for the Integral imager -- Imaging with CdTe arrays -- Mercuric iodide X-ray camera
for high energy astronomy -- The neutron spectrum inside the shielding of balloon-borne Ge spectrometers -- An extended energy range CsI(TI)-photodiode detector -- The energy correction algorithm for an X-ray Imaging gas scintillator
proportional counter -- The photon statistics of point source correlation images in coded aperture Imaging -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401104074
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Acoustics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Statistics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Acoustics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642579202:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments A How-to Approach
Author(s): William R Leo
Date:1994
Edition:Second Revised Edition
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57920-2
Contents:1. Basic Nuclear Processes in Radioactive Sources -- 1.1 Nuclear Level Diagrams -- 1.2 Alpha Decay -- 1.3 Beta Decay -- 1.4 Electron Capture (EC) -- 1.5 Gamma Emission -- 1.5.1 Isomeric States -- 1.6 Annihilation Radiation -- 1.7
Internal Conversion -- 1.8 Auger Electrons -- 1.9 Neutron Sources -- 1.9.1 Spontaneous Fission -- 1.9.2 Nuclear Reactions -- 1.10 Source Activity Units -- 1.11 The Radioactive Decay Law -- 1.11.1 Fluctuations in Radioactive Decay --
1.11.2 Radioactive Decay Chains -- 1.11.3 Radioisotope Production by Irradiation -- 2. Passage of Radiation Through Matter -- 2.1 Preliminary Notions and Definitions -- 2.1.1 The Cross Section -- 2.1.2 Interaction Probability in a
Distance x. Mean Free Path -- 2.1.3 Surface Density Units -- 2.2 Energy Loss of Heavy Charged Particles by Atomic Collisions -- 2.2.1 Bohr’s Calculation — The Classical Case -- 2.2.2 The Bethe-Bloch Formula -- 2.2.3 Energy Dependence
-- 2.2.4 Scaling Laws for dE/dx -- 2.2.5 Mass Stopping Power -- 2.2.6 dE/dx for Mixtures and Compounds -- 2.2.7 Limitations of the Bethe-Bloch Formula and Other Effects -- 2.2.8 Channeling -- 2.2.9 Range -- 2.3 Cherenkov Radiation --
2.4 Energy Loss of Electrons and Positrons -- 2.4.1 Collision Loss -- 2.4.2 Energy Loss by Radiation: Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.3 Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.4 Critical Energy -- 2.4.5 Radiation Length -- 2.4.6 Range of
Electrons -- 2.4.7 The Absorption of ? Electrons -- 2.5 Multiple Coulomb Scattering -- 2.5.1 Multiple Scattering in the Gaussian Approximation -- 2.5.2 Backscattering of Low-Energy Electrons -- 2.6 Energy Straggling: The Energy Loss
Distribution -- 2.6.1 Thick Absorbers: The Gaussian Limit -- 2.6.2 Very Thick Absorbers -- 2.6.3 Thin Absorbers: The Landau and Vavilov Theories -- 2.7 The Interaction of Photons -- 2.7.1 Photoelectric Effect -- 2.7.2 Compton
Scattering -- 2.7.3 Pair Production -- 2.7.4 Electron-Photon Showers -- 2.7.5 The Total Absorption Coefficient and Photon Attenuation -- 2.8 The Interaction of Neutrons -- 2.8.1 Slowing Down of Neutrons. Moderation -- 3. Radiation
Protection. Biological Effects of Radiation -- 3.1 Dosimetric Units -- 3.1.1 The Roentgen -- 3.1.2 Absorbed Dose -- 3.1.3 Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) -- 3.1.4 Equivalent Dose -- 3.1.5 Effective Dose -- 3.2 Typical Doses
from Sources in the Environment -- 3.3 Biological Effects -- 3.3.1 High Doses Received in a Short Time -- 3.3.2 Low-Level Doses -- 3.4 Dose Limits -- 3.5 Shielding -- 3.6 Radiation Safety in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory -- 4.
Statistics and the Treatment of Experimental Data -- 4.1 Characteristics of Probability Distributions -- 4.1.1 Cumulative Distributions -- 4.1.2 Expectation Values -- 4.1.3 Distribution Moments. The Mean and Variance -- 4.1.4 The
Covariance -- 4.2 Some Common Probability Distributions -- 4.2.1 The Binomial Distribution -- 4.2.2 The Poisson Distribution -- 4.2.3 The Gaussian or Normal Distribution -- 4.2.4 The Chi-Square Distribution -- 4.3 Measurement Errors
and the Measurement Process -- 4.3.1 Systematic Errors -- 4.3.2 Random Errors -- 4.4 Sampling and Parameter Estimation. The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.1 Sample Moments -- 4.4.2 The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.3 Estimator for
the Poisson Distribution -- 4.4.4 Estimators for the Gaussian Distribution -- 4.4.5 The Weighted Mean -- 4.5 Examples of Applications -- 4.5.1 Mean and Error from a Series of Measurements -- 4.5.2 Combining Data with Different Errors
-- 4.5.3 Determination of Count Rates and Their Errors -- 4.5.4 Null Experiments. Setting Confidence Limits When No Counts Are Observed -- 4.5.5 Distribution of Time Intervals Between Counts -- 4.6 Propagation of Errors -- 4.6.1
Examples -- 4.7 Curve Fitting -- 4.7.1 The Least Squares Method -- 4.7.2 Linear Fits. The Straight Line -- 4.7.3 Linear Fits When Both Variables Have Errors -- 4.7.4 Nonlinear Fits -- 4.8 Some General Rules for Rounding-off Numbers for
Final Presentation -- 5. General Characteristics of Detectors -- 5.1 Sensitivity -- 5.2 Detector Response -- 5.3 Energy Resolution. The Fano Factor -- 5.4 The Response Function -- 5.5 Response Time -- 5.6 Detector Efficiency -- 5.7
Dead Time -- 5.7.1 Measuring Dead Time -- 6. Ionization Detectors -- 6.1 Gaseous Ionization Detectors -- 6.2 Ionization and Transport Phenomena in Gases -- 6.2.1 Ionization Mechanisms -- 6.2.2 Mean Number of Electron-Ion Pairs Created
-- 6.2.3 Recombination and Electron Attachment -- 6.3 Transport of Electrons and Ions in Gases -- 6.3.1 Diffusion -- 6.3.2 Drift and Mobility -- 6.4 Avalanche Multiplication -- 6.5 The Cylindrical Proportional Counter -- 6.5.1 Pulse
Formation and Shape -- 6.5.2 Choice of Fill Gas -- 6.6 The Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC) -- 6.6.1 Basic Operating Principle -- 6.6.2 Construction -- 6.6.3 Chamber Gas -- 6.6.4 Timing Resolution -- 6.6.5 Readout Methods -- 6.6.6
Track Clusters -- 6.6.7 MWPC Efficiency -- 6.7 The Drift Chamber -- 6.7.1 Drift Gases -- 6.7.2 Spatial Resolution -- 6.7.3 Operation in Magnetic Fields -- 6.8 The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) -- 6.9 Liquid Ionization Detectors (LID)
-- 7. Scintillation Detectors -- 7.1 General Characteristics -- 7.2 Organic Scintillators -- 7.2.1 Organic Crystals -- 7.2.2 Organic Liquids -- 7.2.3 Plastics -- 7.3 Inorganic Crystals -- 7.4 Gaseous Scintillators -- 7.5 Glasses -- 7.6
Light Output Response -- 7.6.1 Linearity -- 7.6.2 Temperature Dependence -- 7.6.3 Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) -- 7.7 Intrinsic Detection Efficiency for Various Radiations -- 7.7.1 Heavy Ions -- 7.7.2 Electrons -- 7.7.3 Gamma Rays
-- 7.7.4 Neutrons -- 8. Photomultipliers -- 8.1 Basic Construction and Operation -- 8.2 The Photocathode -- 8.3 The Electron-Optical Input System -- 8.4 The Electron-Multiplier Section -- 8.4.1 Dynode Configurations -- 8.4.2 Multiplier
Response: The Single-Electron Spectrum -- 8.5 Operating Parameters -- 8.5.1 Gain and Voltage Supply -- 8.5.2 Voltage Dividers -- 8.5.3 Electrode Current. Linearity -- 8.5.4 Pulse Shape -- 8.6 Time Response and Resolution -- 8.7 Noise
-- 8.7.1 Dark Current and Afterpulsing -- 8.7.2 Statistical Noise -- 8.8 Environmental Factors -- 8.8.1 Exposure to Ambient Light -- 8.8.2 Magnetic Fields -- 8.8.3 Temperature Effects -- 8.9 Gain Stability, Count Rate Shift -- 9.
Scintillation Detector Mounting and Operation -- 9.1 Light Collection -- 9.1.1 Reflection -- 9.2 Coupling to the PM -- 9.3 Multiple Photomultipliers -- 9.4 Light Guides -- 9.5 Fluorescent Radiation Converters -- 9.6 Mounting a
Scintillation Detector: An Example -- 9.7 Scintillation Counter Operation -- 9.7.1 Testing the Counter -- 9.7.2 Adjusting the PM Voltage -- 9.7.3 The Scintillation Counter Plateau -- 9.7.4 Maintaining PM Gain -- 10. Semiconductor
Detectors -- 10.1 Basic Semiconductor Properties -- 10.1.1 Energy Band Structure -- 10.1.2 Charge Carriers in Semiconductors -- 10.1.3 Intrinsic Charge Carrier Concentration -- 10.1.4 Mobility -- 10.1.5 Recombination and Trapping --
10.2 Doped Semiconductors -- 10.2.1 Compensation -- 10.3 The np Semiconductor Junction. Depletion Depth -- 10.3.1 The Depletion Depth -- 10.3.2 Junction Capacitance -- 10.3.3 Reversed Bias Junctions -- 10.4 Detector Characteristics of
Semiconductors -- 10.4.1 Average Energy per Electron-Hole Pair -- 10.4.2 Linearity -- 10.4.3 The Fano Factor and Intrinsic Energy Resolution -- 10.4.4 Leakage Current -- 10.4.5 Sensitivity and Intrinsic Efficiency -- 10.4.6 Pulse
Shape. Rise Time -- 10.5 Silicon Diode Detectors -- 10.5.1 Diffused Junction Diodes -- 10.5.2 Surface Barrier Detectors (SSB) -- 10.5.3 Ion-Implanted Diodes -- 10.5.4 Lithium-Drifted Silicon Diodes — Si(Li) -- 10.6 Position-Sensitive
Detectors -- 10.6.1 Continuous and Discrete Detectors -- 10.6.2 Micro-Strip Detectors -- 10.6.3 Novel Position-Sensing Detectors -- 10.7 Germanium Detectors -- 10.7.1 Lithium-Drifted Germanium — Ge(Li) -- 10.7.2 Intrinsic Germanium --
10.7.3 Gamma Spectroscopy with Germanium Detectors -- 10.8 Other Semiconductor Materials -- 10.9 Operation of Semiconductor Detectors -- 10.9.1 Bias Voltage -- 10.9.2 Signal Amplification -- 10.9.3 Temperature Effects -- 10.9.4
Radiation Damage -- 10.9.5 Plasma Effects -- 11. Pulse Signals in Nuclear Electronics -- 11.1 Pulse Signal Terminology -- 11.2 Analog and Digital Signals -- 11.3 Fast and Slow Signals -- 11.4 The Frequency Domain. Bandwidth -- 12. The
NIM Standard -- 12.1 Modules -- 12.2 Power Bins -- 12.3 NIM Logic Signals -- 12.4 TTL and ECL Logic Signals -- 12.5 Analog Signals -- 13. Signal Transmission -- 13.1 Coaxial Cables -- 13.1.1 Line Constituents -- 13.2 The General Wave
Equation for a Coaxial Line -- 13.3 The Ideal Lossless Cable -- 13.3.1 Characteristic Impedance -- 13.4 Reflections -- 13.5 Cable Termination. Impedance Matching -- 13.6 Losses in Coaxial Cables. Pulse Distortion -- 13.6.1 Cable
Response. Pulse Distortion -- 14. Electronics for Pulse Signal Processing -- 14.1 Preamplifiers -- 14.1.1 Resistive vs Optical Feedback -- 14.2 Main Amplifiers -- 14.3 Pulse Shaping Networks in Amplifiers -- 14.3.1 CR-RC Pulse Shaping
-- 14.3.2 Pole-Zero Cancellation and Baseline Restoration -- 14.3.3 Double Differentiation or CR-RC-CR Shaping -- 14.3.4 Semi-Gaussian Shaping -- 14.3.5 Delay Line Shaping -- 14.4 Biased Amplifiers -- 14.5 Pulse Stretchers -- 14.6
Linear Transmission Gate -- 14.7 Fan-out and Fan-in -- 14.8 Delay Lines -- 14.9 Discriminators -- 14.9.1 Shapers -- 14.10 Single-Channel Analyzer (Differential Discriminator) -- 14.11 Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC or A/D) --
14.11.1 ADC Linearity -- 14.12 Multichannel Analyzers -- 14.13 Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC or D/A) -- 14.14 Time to Amplitude Converters (TAC or TPHC) -- 14.15 Scalers -- 14.16 Ratemeter -- 14.17 Coincidence Units -- 14.18
Majority Logic Units -- 14.19 Flip-Flops -- 14.20 Registers (Latches) -- 14.21 Gate and Delay Generators -- 14.22 Some Simple and Handy Circuits for Pulse Manipulation -- 14.22.1 Attenuators -- 14.22.2 Pulse Splitting -- 14.22.3
ISBN:9783642579202
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Engineering , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461525400:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Linking the Gaseous and Condensed Phases of Matter The Behavior of Slow Electrons
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (596 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2540-0
Contents:Linking the Gaseous and the Condensed Phases of Matter: The Slow Electron and Its Interactions -- Comparisons Between Low-Energy Electron Scattering from Gaseous and Condensed-Phase Atoms and Molecules -- Anion Formation in Low Energy
Electron Impact to Gaseous and Condensed Molecules -- Ionization of Atoms or Molecules by Radiation as a Function of Phase -- High Energy Ionization in Liquids - The Free Ion Yield -- Photo- and Penning Ionization of Molecules in the
Gas Phase and in the Liquid Phase -- Positron and Positronium Annihilation in Gases and Liquids -- Self Trapping of Light Particles in Fluids: The Path Integral Approach -- Clusters: An Introduction -- Mechanisms and Kinetics of
Electron Impact Ionization of Atoms, Molecules, and Clusters -- Photofragmentation as a Probe of Electron Thermalization in Size-Selected Cluster Anions -- Multiphoton Ionization Studies of Van der Waals Molecules and Clusters -- Core
Level Excitation in Free Clusters: NEXAFS, EXAFS, and Coulomb Explosion -- Reaction in the NO2-C2H4 Van der Waals Complex -- Phase Transitions in Clusters: A Bridge to Condensed Matter -- Exploring Potential Surface Landscapes and How
They Govern Dynamics -- Density and Field Dependence of Excess Electron Mobility in HighDensity Noble Gases -- Excess Electron Localization in High-Density Neon Gas -- Boltzmann Equation for Slow Electron Transport in Gases and Liquids
-- Electron Scattering in Dense Gases and Liquids and Related Phenomena -- Multiple Scattering of Electrons in Polar Gases-Evidence for Short Living Dipole-Bound Electron States in CH3CN -- Thermodynamics of Electron Injection --
Electron Attachment to Molecules -- Effects of the Solid Phase on Resonance Stabilization, Dissociative Attachment and Dipolar Dissociation -- Photoinduced Dissociative Electron Capture Processes in Binary Ion-Molecule Complexes --
Electron Attachment to Excited Molecules -- Electron Reactions in Nonpolar Liquids-Pressure Effects -- Thermodynamic Properties of the Electron -- The Theory of Electron Attachment to Molecules -- Electron-Ion Recombination in Dense
Molecular Media -- FALP Studies of Electron-Ion Recombination and Electron Attachment -- The Theory of Electron-Ion Recombination -- Low Energy Electrons for the Investigation of Liquid Surfaces -- Photoelectron Spectroscopy at Liquid
Water Surfaces -- Light-Induced Electron Emission from Surfaces of Organic Liquids -- Physics of Noble Gas X-Ray Detectors: A Monte Carlo Simulation Study -- A. Carcinogen-Screening Test Based on Electrons -- Summary of the Discussion
Panel on Experimental Techniques -- Theory: Interactions of Electrons With Dense Media -- The Behavior of Slow Electrons in Molecular Substances and Its Significance in Radiation and Life Sciences -- Participants -- Conference Picture
ISBN:9781461525400
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 326
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Electrical engineering , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Electrical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642781278:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy Growth and Properties of Phosphorus Containing III-V Heterostructures
Author(s): Morton B Panish
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (428 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-78127-8
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Introduction to Molecular Beam Epitaxy -- 1.2 Introduction to Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy -- 1.3 Why Gas Sources? -- 1.4 Heterostructures with GSMBE -- 2. Chemistry -- 2.1 Equilibrium, the Phase Diagram,
and Molecular Beam Epitaxy -- 2.2 Liquid-Solid-Vapor Relationships for the Growth of InP and GaAs -- 2.3 III-V Solid Solutions -- 2.4 Group III Metalorganics — Metalorganic MBE -- 2.5 Group V Metalorganics to Replace Arsine and
Phosphine -- 3. The Generation of Atomic and Molecular Beams for Elemental and Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy -- 3.1 Background -- 3.2 Molecular Effusion: The Ideal Effusion Cell -- 3.3 Real Effusion Cells -- 3.4 Gas Sources and
Their Use in GSMBE -- 3.5 Introduction of the Group III Metalorganics into the MBE System -- 4. Molecular Beam Epitaxy Systems and Procedures -- 4.1 The Conventional Growth Chamber-Configuration for ESMBE, HSMBE and MOMBE -- 4.2 System
Pressure — Pumping -- 4.3 Sample Introduction, Transfer and Manipulation -- 4.4 Substrate Temperature Measurement and Control -- 4.5 Gas Handling -- 4.6 Arsine and Phosphine Generators -- 4.7 Safe Handling of Arsine and Phosphine for
GSMBE -- 4.8 Procedures for GSMBE -- 4.9 The RHEED Apparatus, Growth Rate and Composition Calibration -- 4.10 Metalorganic MBE Systems — Potential for Scaleup -- 5. Doping During GSMBE -- 5.1 Background -- 5.2 Maximum Free-Carrier
Concentrations in Semiconductors -- 5.3 Background Doping and Carbon Incorporation -- 5.4 Doping with Tin -- 5.5 Doping with Be -- 5.6 Zn in InP and GaInAs -- 5.7 Si in GaAs, InP and GaInAs -- 5.8 Semi-insulating InP by Fe Doping
During MBE -- 6. Characterization of Heterostructures by High Resolution X-ray Diffraction -- 6.1 X-Ray Diffraction of Epitaxial Layers -- 6.2 Periodic Epitaxial Semiconductor Structures -- 6.3 High-Resolution X-Ray Diffraction -- 6.4
High-Resolution Rocking Curves of Superlattices -- 6.5 Intrinsic Strain at Heterostructure Interfaces -- 7. Optical Properties of Quantum Wells -- 7.1 Energy Levels in Quantum Wells -- 7.2 Single Quantum Wells -- 7.3 Superlattices --
7.4 Quantum Wires and Boxes -- 7.5 Electric Field Effects -- 7.6 Strained-Layer Superlattices -- 7.7 Thermal Stability -- 8. Carrier Transport Across Quantum Wells and Superlattices -- 8.1 Experimental Techniques -- 8.2 Motion of
Photo-Induced Holes -- 8.3 Sequential Screening -- 8.4 Barrier Height -- 8.5 Heterojunction Band Offsets -- 8.6 Telegraph Noise -- 9. Bipolar Transistors -- 9.1 Background -- 9.2 Figures of Merit -- 9.3 Device Fabrication -- 9.4 DC
Characteristics -- 9.5 Temperature Dependence -- 9.6 Carrier Transport -- 9.7 Gain Dependence on the Base Thickness -- 9.8 Microwave Devices -- 9.9 Applications -- 10. Optoelectronic Devices -- 10.1 Broad-Area Lasers -- 10.2 Buried
Heterostructure Lasers -- 10.3 Single-Frequency Lasers -- 10.4 Visible Lasers -- 10.5 Photodetectors -- 10.6 Quantum-Well Inter-sub-band Detectors -- 11. In-Situ Processing and Selective Area Epitaxy -- 11.1 Pattern Formation -- 11.2
Ion-Induced Damage -- 11.3 Towards Vacuum Lithography -- 11.4 Buried Heterostructures -- 11.5 Selective-Area Epitaxy -- References
ISBN:9783642781278
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 26
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Electronics , Microelectronics , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783540468707:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ionization Measurements in High Energy Physics
Author(s): Branislav Sitar
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (338 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0112715
Contents:Ionization effects in a polarizable medium -- Physical processes in gas ionization detectors -- Ionization measurements in proportional detectors -- Spatial resolution and electronics of multilayer proportional detectors -- Ionization
measurements in gas track detectors -- Alternative methods of ionization measurement
ISBN:9783540468707
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics: 124
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400906617:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dusty Objects in the Universe Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte (OAC 4), Held at Capri, Italy, September 8–13, 1989
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (300 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0661-7
Contents:Proceedings -- Carbonaceous Solid Materials: From Laboratory to Space -- Chemical Alterations in Ion Irradiated Frozen Hydrocarbons -- Investigation of Cosmic Dusts Using Synchrotron Radiation -- The Particles Around Mass-Losing
Carbon Stars -- The Infrared Interstellar Emission Features -- Quenced Carbonaceous Composite (QCC): Thermal Alteration of QCC and PAHs -- Mineral Grains in Interstellar Space -- Novel Ion Chemistry of Interstellar Polycyclic Aromatic
Hydrocarbons -- Astrophysical Implications of the Infrared Spectrum of Coronene at Elevated Temperatures -- The 3.3 Micrometer Feature: The Large Scale Galactic Emission -- Search for the UV and IR Spectra of C6 0 in
Laboratory-Produced Carbon Dust -- Circumstellar Dust Envelopes of M Giant Stars -- Interstellar Planetesimals -- The Anatomy of Dense Molecular Clouds -- S O F I A — A Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy -- Observations
of the Cold Dust and Gas in Centaurus A: Probing an Extragalactic ISM -- Interaction of Dust Particles with Electrons and Ions -- Are Spiral Galaxies Optically Thick? -- On the Possible Interaction between Magnetic Field and HII Region
in AB Aur -- A Model of the Cometary Dust Trails Detected by IRAS -- The Dust Tail of Comet Bradfield 1987XXIX -- The Dust Properties of High-Mass Star-Forming Regions -- On the Energetic Component of FU Ori Wind -- Models for Infrared
Emission from Galaxies -- Elliptical Galaxies with Dust Lanes -- Observational Cosmology in the Near Infra-Red -- Intracluster Extinction of Light from Galaxies in Virgo -- Axially Symmetric Radiative Transfer Models of Low Mass
Protostars -- The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) -- Modulation at 10 µm with Array Detectors? -- Posters -- Near-Infrared Spectra of the Extended Young Objects GL 2591 and NGC 7538/IRS9 -- The 3.3 µm Feature, H2, and Ionized Gas in
the Orion Bar -- The Extended 3.3 µm Emission Feature in the Orion’s Cloud -- Extragalactic Extinction: The Optical Data for the Early-Type Galaxy NGC 2534 -- Possible Existence of Dust in Nearby Galaxy Group
ISBN:9789400906617
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 165
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461537809:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonequilibrium Processes in Partially Ionized Gases
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (695 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3780-9
Contents:Invited Papers -- Theory of Electron Collisions in Partially Ionized Gases -- Electron Collisions with Molecules -- Electron Transport in Partially Ionized Gases -- Non Equilibrium Plasma Kinetics -- Modeling High Pressure Electric
Discharges: Applications to Excimer Lasers -- Energy Transfer in Atom/Molecule Collisions with Molecules and Surfaces -- Reactivity Calculations for Elementary Atom-Diatom Processes and Applications to Non-Equilibrium Systems --
Excimer Lasers: Status and Perspectives -- Fundamental Properties of RF Glow Discharges: An Approach Based on Self-Consistent Numerical Models -- Theory of High-Frequency Discharges -- Volume Production of Hydrogen Negative Ions --
Laser Diagnostics of a Hydrogen Discharge -- Hydrogen-Surface Interactions -- Plasma Assisted Thin Film Production WC, a-C:H and Diamond Films -- Electric Discharge Lamps -- Contributed Papers -- Inelastic Scattering of Electrons From
H2 Molecule and First-Born Approximation: Role Of Correlation -- Electron-Molecule Collision Cross Sections for Etching Gases -- Electron Collisions in Gas Switches -- Theory of e- -Diatom Scattering at Low Energies -- A Parameter-Free
Theoretical Model for Low-Energy Electron Scattering from Polyatomic Molecules -- Electron Collision Cross-Sections Determined from Beam and Swarm Data by Boltzmann Analysis -- Electron Collision Cross Sections Involving Excited States
-- Electron Collision Cross Sections Involving Excited States -- New Theoretical Approaches for Studying Electron Collisions with Small Molecules -- Ion-Neutral Reactions -- Energy Pooling Collisions: A Step Towards Ionization --
Potential Energy Curves of Open Shell Systems (Excimers) from Molecular Beam Scattering -- Molecular Beam Measurements of Ionization Cross Sections Relevant to Thermal Plasmas and Excimer Laser Systems -- The Silent Discharge and Its
Application to Ozone and Excimer Formation -- Non Equilibrium Excimer Laser Kinetics -- Study of A Photoswitched Discharge for Excimer Laser -- A Self-Consistent Monte Carlo Modeling of RF Non-Equilibrium Plasma -- Charged Particles
Dynamics in Electropositive Glow Discharges Probed by Optical Diagnostics -- Problems in the Experimental Determination of Electron Energy Distribution Function in RF Discharges -- Spectroscopic Diagnostics in the Cathode Fall and
Negative Glow of a Nitrogen Glow Discharge -- Electron Kinetics in RF Discharges -- A Radiofrequency Trap for Tests on Production and Excitation of Ions -- Gas-Phase and Gas-Surface Interactions of Vibrationally Excited Hydrogen
Molecules -- Translational Energy Distribution Functions of H+ and H in H2 Volume Discharges -- Numerical Simulation on Tandem Negative Ion Source -- Atomic and Molecular Surface and Volume Processes in the Analysis of Negative
Hydrogen Discharges -- Interpretation and Analysis of the H2 Vibrational Distribution in a Hydrogen Discharge -- Electron Energy Distribution Functions in Magnetic Multipole Plasmas -- Effects Due to Negative Ions and Particles in
Plasmas -- Electron and Vibrational Kinetics in Molecular Discharges -- Laser Diagnostic of Radio-Frequency Oxygen Plasma -- Spectroscopy and Kinetics of an Oxygen Glow Discharge -- Simulation Work in Noble Gas Radiation Detectors -- A
Description of The Non-Equilibrium Behavior of Electrons in Matter: Macro-Kinetics -- Thermalization and Transport of Sputtered Particles in Glow Discharges -- The Free Electron Laser: A Simple Quantum Picture -- Electron and Photon
Collisions in Strong Laser Fields -- Resonant Photopumping of Lithiumlike Ions in Laser-Produced Plasmas -- Ionization and Deionization of Electron Beam Disturbed Air -- Re-Entry Problems -- Diagnostics of Atomic Species Near the
Electrodes of a Fluorescent Lamp -- Excited State Diagnostics in High Pressure Arc Lamps -- Participants
ISBN:9781461537809
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 220
Keywords: Physics , Continuum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Electrical engineering , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Electrical Engineering , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical Continuum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400909656:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics Proceedings of the Third ESO-CERN Symposium, Held in Bologna, Palazzo Re Enzo, May 16–20, 1988
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (504 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0965-6
Contents:Astroparticle Physics (1988) -- Cosmological Parameters of the Universe -- Electroweak Physics in 1988 -- Lithium-7 as a Cosmological Observable -- Recent Results from the e+e- Colliders TRISTAN and CESR -- The Large-Scale
Distribution of Galaxies -- The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation and the Dog in the Night -- Quark Deconfinement and J/? Suppression in Nuclear Collisions -- A Brief Status Report on the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) -- The Large
Scale Structure of the Universe -- Status and Physics of the FERMILAB TEVATRON -- Cosmic Strings and Galaxy Formation: Overview and Recent Results -- Results from the Frejus Experiment -- Superclusters of Galaxies: Fractal Properties
-- Underground Physics -- Probing the Universe with Rich Clusters of Galaxies as Giant Gravitational Telescopes -- Dark Matter in Astronomy -- Dark Matter Candidates -- Limits on Wimps from Globular Cluster Stars -- Improved Limits
from the Galactic Axion Search -- Low Temperature Detectors for Neutrinos and Dark Matter -- Is there Dark Matter in Elliptical Galaxies? -- Special Session on Supernova 1981A -- Optical Studies of the Supernova 1987A -- Neutrino
Astrophysics: Its Birth and Future -- Models of Type II Supernovae and Supernova 1987A -- X-Ray Observation of SN1987A from Ginga -- Models for the X-Ray Emission from Supernova 1987A -- Beyond the Standard Model -- High Redshift
Objects -- Concluding Lecture -- Posters -- Hard X-Ray Observation of the Supernova 1987A -- The UA6 Experiment at the CERN Collider -- Precise Determination of the Background Radiation Temperature -- An Age Estimate for the NGC456,
460 and 456 SMC Constellations -- On the Orientation of Spiral Galaxies in the Perseus Supercluster -- Thermal Coupling of the CMBR and the Primordial Gas in the Post-Recombination EPOCH (z ? 1000) -- Nearby Spiral Galaxies: Optical
and Radio Properties -- Recent Results on Detector Developments for Low Energy Solar Neutrinos and Dark Matter: SSG and DSC Devices -- New Estimates for the C/M Ratio -- Small Scale Isotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background at 230
GHz -- Predictable Chemistry of Systems Containing Unsaturated Quarks -- The OPAL Detector at LEP -- Measurement of TCBR AT 1.3 mm -- Correlations Between Records of Neutrino and Gravitational Wave Detectors During SN1987A -- CBR
Fluctuations at Different Wavelengths -- Temperature Relation at a Deflagration Hadronization Front -- Search for CBR Anisotropies and Observations of the Magellanic Clouds at Millimetric Wavelengths -- Primordial Nucleosynthesis: The
Effects of Injecting Hadrons -- Power-Law Spectra and the Large Scale Pattern of the CMB -- Observations of Cosmic Fluctuations -- Neutrino Emission from Supernovae in the Presence of Magnetic Fields -- Inflation-Produced, Large-Scale
Magnetic Fields -- A New Detector Scheme for Axions
ISBN:9789400909656
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space Science and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 155
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783642829710:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploration of Halley’s Comet
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (984 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82971-0
Contents:New information on comet P/Halley as depicted by Giotto di Bondone and other Western artists -- Encounters with comets: discoveries and puzzles in com-etary plasma physics -- The pick-up of cometary protons by the solar wind --
Alfvénic turbulence in the solar wind flow during the approach to comet P/Halley -- General features of comet P/Halley: solar wind interaction from plasma measurements -- The Sakigake/Suisei encounter with comet P/Halley -- Waves in
the magnetic field and solar wind flow outside the bow shock at comet P/Halley -- Solar wind flow through the comet P/Halley bow shock -- Macroscopic perturbations of the IMF by P/Halley as seen by the Giotto magnetometer --
Low-frequency magnetic field fluctuations in comet P/Hal-ley’s magnetosheath: Giotto observations -- Fine structure of the magnetic field in comet P/Halley’s coma -- Giotto magnetic-field results on the boundaries of the pile-up region
and the magnetic cavity -- Identification of boundaries in the cometary environment from ac electric field measurements -- Dust observations of comet P/Halley by the plasma-wave analyzer -- Comparative study of the low-frequency waves
near comet P/Halley during the Vega-1 and Vega-2 fly by s -- Plasma flow in the cometosheath of P/Halley during the encounter of Suisei -- MHD waves detected by ICE at distances ?28 106 km from comet P/Halley: Cometary or solar wind
origin? -- Plasma-tail activity at the time of the Vega encounters -- Observations of cometary plasma-wave phenomena -- Hydromagnetic waves associated with cometary water group ions: Sakigake observation -- Plasma properties from the
upstream region to the cometo-pause of comet P/Halley: Vega observations -- Observations of heavy energetic ions far upstream from comet P/Halley -- Spatial distribution of water-group ions near comet P/Hal-ley observed by Suisei -- An
interpretation of the ion pile-up region outside the ionospheric contact surface -- Description of the main boundaries seen by the Giotto electron experiment inside comet P/Halley-solar wind interaction region -- In-situ observations
of a bi-modal ion distribution in the outer coma of comet P/Halley -- The composition and radial dependence of cometary ions in the coma of comet P/Halley -- Pick-up ions at comet P/Halley’s bow shock: observations with the IIS
spectrometer on Giotto -- Ion temperature and flow profiles in comet P/Halley’s close environment -- The composition and dynamics of cometary ions in the outer coma of comet P/Halley -- Expansion velocity and temperatures of gas and
ions measured in the coma of comet P/Halley -- Giotto-IMS observations of ion-flow velocities and temperatures outside the magnetic cavity of comet P/Halley -- The dependence of mass resolution and sensitivity of the PUMA instrument on
the energy spread of ions produced by hypervelocity impacts -- Spatial distribution of heavy ions in comet P/Halley’s coma -- Quasi-periodic features and the radial distribution of cometary ions in the cometary plasma region of comet
P/Halley -- Electronic spectroscopy and relaxation of some molecular cations of cometary interest -- Possible models on disturbances of the plasma tail of comet Halley during the 1985–1986 apparition -- Structure and dynamics of the
plasma tail of comet P/Halley. I. Knot event on December 31,1985 -- Structure and dynamics of the plasma tail of comet P/Halley. II. Kink event on January 10–11,1986 -- Hot ions observed by the Giotto ion mass spectrometer at the comet
P/Halley contact surface -- Photographic observations of tail-formation activities of comet P/Halley in November 1985 -- The outburst of comet P/Halley on December 12,1985 -- Structure and dynamics of plasma-tail condensations of comet
P/Halley 1986 and inferences on the structure and activity of the cometary nucleus -- Observations of the coma of comet P/Halley and the outburst of 1986 March 24–25 (UT) -- Observations of ions in comet P/Halley with a focal reducer
-- Two disconnection events in comet P/Halley and possible solar causes -- Activity of the plasma tail of comet P/Halley in March 1986 -- The cause of two plasma-tail disconnection events in comet P/Halley during the ICE-Halley radial
period -- Energy spectra of energetic ions in the vicinity of comet P/ Giacobini-Zinner -- Plasma structures in comets P/Halley and Giacobini-Zinner -- Analysis of the electron measurements from the Plasmag-1 experiment on board Vega-2
in the vicinity of comet P/Halley -- The upstream regionforeshock and bow shock wave at comet P/Halley from plasma electron measurements -- Stochastic Fermi acceleration of ions in the pre-shock region of comet P/Halley -- Measurements
of low energy electrons and spacecraft potentials near comet P/Halley -- Charge exchange of solar wind ions in the coma of comet P/Halley -- Fluid simulation of comet P/Halley’s ionosphere -- Unusual characteristics of electromagnetic
waves excited by cometary newborn ions with large perpendicular energies -- Far-ultraviolet objective spectra of comet P/Halley from sounding rockets -- IUE observations of comet P/Halley: evolution of the ultraviolet spectrum between
September 1985 and July 1986 -- Some diatomic molecules from comet P/Halley’s UV spectra near spacecraft flybys -- Activity of comet P/Halley on March 23–25,1986: IUE observations -- Cometary MHD and chemistry -- Atomic hydrogen
production rates for comet P/Halley from observations with Dynamics Explorer 1 -- The spectrum of P/Halley’s coma obtained with an objective-prism -- Comet P/Halley neutral gas density profile along the Vega-1 trajectory measured by
the Neutral Gas Experiment -- Low-resolution maps of comet P/Halley in principal atomic and molecular species -- Pioneer Venus measurements of HOand C production in comet P/Halley near perihelion -- Anisotropy of the neutral gas
distribution of comet P/Halley deduced from NGE/Vega-1 measurements -- The atomic carbon distribution in the coma of comet P/Halley -- Carbon-isotope ratio in PUMA 1 spectra of P/Halley dust -- Study of the isotopic features of Swan
bands in comets -- Kinematic properties of the neutral gas outflow from comet P/Halley -- The spectrum of comet P/Halley between 0. 9 and 2. 5 ?m -- Anisotropic non-stationary gas flow dynamics in the coma of comet P/Halley -- Infrared
investigation of water in comet P/Halley -- The ortho-para ratio of water vapor in comet P/Halley -- The 2.7 ?m water band of comet P/Halley: interpretation of observations by an excitation model -- Curves of growth of emission lines
in cometary spectra. Implications for H2O and OH bands of comet P/Halley -- The D/H ratio in water from comet P/Halley -- Improved gas-kinetic treatment of cometary water sublimation and recondensation: application to comet P/Halley --
Detection of OH rotational emission from comet P/Halley in the far-infrared -- 18-cm wavelength radio monitoring of the OH radical in comet P/Halley (1982i) -- 10. 7 GHz continuum observations of comet P/Halley -- Rotational structure
of the (2,0) Phillips band of C2 in comet P/Halley -- OH radio observations of comet P/Halley -- Observations of HCN in comet P/Halley -- The CO and N2 abundance in comet P/Halley -- Resolution of the [OI] + NH2 blend in comet P/Halley
-- A rotational-state population analysis of the high-resolution IUE observation of CS emission in comet P/Halley -- Search for methane in comet P/Halley -- Evidence for methane and ammonia in the coma of comet P/Halley -- Detection of
parent molecules in comet P/Halley from the IKS-Vega experiment -- Detection of a new emission band at 2. 8 ?m in comet P/Halley -- Photometry of P/Halley (1982i) -- Polarimetry of comet P/Halley: continuum versus molecular bands --
Photometric observations of comet P/Giacobini-Zinner -- Circular polarization near the nucleus of comet P/Halley -- Spectrophotometry of comet P/Halley. I. Fluxcolumn density and emission gradients within the coma in the emission bands
and the continuum -- Spectrophotometry of comet P/Halley at wavelengths 275–710 nm from Vega-2 -- The visual brightness behavior of P/Halley during 1981–1987 -- The spectral behavior of P/Halley at large heliocentric distance in light
of the Giotto/Vega results -- Periodicities in the light curve of P/Halley and the rotation of its nucleus -- Photometry of comet P/Halley at near post-perihelion phases -- Observations of comet P/Halley at minimum phase angle --
Chinese observations of comet P/Halley in China and abroad Gong -- Thermal infrared imaging of comet P/Halley -- Low resolution mapping of comet P/Halley in the near-infrared -- Infrared monitoring of comet P/Halley -- Airborne and
groundbased spectrophotometry of comet P/Halley from 5–13 micrometers -- The near-infrared polarization and color of comet P/Halley -- The 3.2–3.6 ?m emission features in comet P/Halley: spectral identifications and similarities --
Airborne spectrophotometry of P/Halley from 16 to 30 microns -- Photometry of comet P/Halley from 40 to 160 microns -- Airborne spectrophotometry of P/Halley from 20 to 65 microns -- Comet P/Halley near-nucleus phenomena in 1986 -- The
sunward spike of Halleys comet -- Complex refractive index of grain material deduced from the visible polarimetry of comet P/Halley -- Infrared emission from P/Halley’s dust coma during March 1986 -- The dust tail of comet P/Halley in
April 1986 -- Albedo maps of comets P/Halley and P/Giacobini-Zinner -- Polarimetry of grains in the coma of P/Halley. I. Observations -- Polarimetry of comet P/Halley -- Calibration of the DIDSY-IPM dust detector and application to
other impact ionisation detectors on board the P/Halley probes -- Dust in comet P/Halley from Vega observations -- Properties of dust in comet P/Halley measured by the Vega-2 three-channel spectrometer -- Dust distribution of comet
P/Halley’s inner coma determined from the Giotto Radio-Science Experiment -- The dust distribution within the inner coma of comet P/Halley (19
ISBN:9783642829710
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Space sciences , Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781461231608:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Astronomy
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (478 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-3160-8
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 The Role of Astronomy -- 1.2 Astronomical Objects of Research -- 1.3 The Scale of the Universe -- 2. Spherical Astronomy -- 2.1 Spherical Trigonometry -- 2.2 The Earth -- 2.3 The Celestial Sphere -- 2.4 The
Horizontal System -- 2.5 The Equatorial System -- 2.6 The Ecliptic System -- 2.7 The Galactic Coordinates -- 2.8 Perturbations of Coordinates -- 2.9 Constellations -- 2.10 Star Catalogues and Maps -- 2.11 Positional Astronomy -- 2.12
Time Reckoning -- 2.13 Astronomical Time Systems -- 2.14 Calendars -- 2.15 Exercises -- 3. Observations and Instruments -- 3.1 Observing Through the Atmosphere -- 3.2 Optical Telescopes -- 3.3 Detectors -- 3.4 Radio Telescopes -- 3.5
Other Wavelength Regions -- 3.6 Instruments of the Future -- 3.7 Other Forms of Energy -- 3.8 Exercises -- 4. Photometric Concepts and Magnitudes -- 4.1 Intensity, Flux Density and Luminosity -- 4.2 Apparent Magnitudes -- 4.3 Magnitude
Systems -- 4.4 Absolute Magnitudes -- 4.5 Extinction and Optical Thickness -- 4.6 Exercises -- 5. Radiation Mechanisms -- 5.1 Radiation of Atoms and Molecules -- 5.2 The Hydrogen Atom -- 5.3 Quantum Numbers, Selection Rules, Population
Numbers -- 5.4 Molecular Spectra -- 5.5 Continuous Spectra -- 5.6 Blackbody Radiation -- 5.7 Other Radiation Mechanisms -- 5.8 Radiative Transfer -- 5.9 Exercises -- 6. Temperatures -- 6.1 Exercises -- 7. Celestial Mechanics -- 7.1
Equations of Motion -- 7.2 Solution of the Equation of Motion -- 7.3 Equation of the Orbit and Kepler’s First Law -- 7.4 Orbital Elements -- 7.5 Kepler’s Second and Third Law -- 7.6 Orbit Determination -- 7.7 Position in the Orbit --
7.8 Escape Velocity -- 7.9 Virial Theorem -- 7.10 The Jeans Limit -- 7.11 Exercises -- 8. The Solar System -- 8.1 An Overview -- 8.2 Planetary Configurations -- 8.3 Orbit of the Earth -- 8.4 Orbit of the Moon -- 8.5 Eclipses and
Occultations -- 8.6 Albedos -- 8.7 Planetary Photometry, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy -- 8.8 Thermal Radiation of the Planets -- 8.9 The Structure of Planets -- 8.10 Planetary Surfaces -- 8.11 Atmospheres and Magnetospheres -- 8.12
Mercury -- 8.13 Venus -- 8.14 The Earth and the Moon -- 8.15 Mars -- 8.16 Asteroids -- 8.17 Jupiter -- 8.18 Saturn -- 8.19 Uranus, Neptune and Pluto -- 8.20 Minor Bodies of the Solar System -- 8.21 Cosmogony -- 8.22 Other Solar Systems
-- 8.23 Exercises -- 9. Stellar Spectra -- 9.1 Measuring Spectra -- 9.2 The Harvard Spectral Classification -- 9.3 The Yerkes Spectral Classification -- 9.4 Peculiar Spectra -- 9.5 The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- 9.6 Model
Atmospheres -- 9.7 What Do the Observations Tell Us -- 10. Binary Stars and Stellar Masses -- 10.1 Visual Binaries -- 10.2 Astrometric Binary Stars -- 10.3 Spectroscopic Binaries -- 10.4 Photometric Binary Stars -- 10.5 Exercises --
11. Stellar Structure -- 11.1 Internal Equilibrium Conditions -- 11.2 Physical State of the Gas -- 11.3 Stellar Energy Sources -- 11.4 Stellar Models -- 11.5 Exercises -- 12. Stellar Evolution -- 12.1 Evolutionary Time Scales -- 12.2
The Contraction of Stars Towards the Main Sequence -- 12.3 The Main Sequence Phase -- 12.4 The Giant Phase -- 12.5 The Final Stages of Evolution -- 12.6 The Evolution of Close Binary Stars -- 12.7 Comparison with Observations -- 12.8
The Origin of the Elements -- 13. The Sun -- 13.1 Internal Structure -- 13.2 The Atmosphere -- 13.3 Solar Activity -- 14. Variable Stars -- 14.1 Classification -- 14.2 Pulsating Variables -- 14.3 Eruptive Variables -- 14.4 Exercises --
15. Compact Stars -- 15.1 White Dwarfs -- 15.2 Neutron Stars -- 15.3 Black Holes -- 16. The Interstellar Medium -- 16.1 Interstellar Dust -- 16.2 Interstellar Gas -- 16.3 Interstellar Molecules -- 16.4 The Formation of Protostars --
16.5 Planetary Nebulae -- 16.6 Supernova Remnants -- 16.7 The Hot Corona of the Milky Way -- 16.8 Cosmic Rays and the Interstellar Magnetic Field -- 17. Star Clusters and Associations -- 17.1 Associations -- 17.2 Open Star Clusters --
17.3 Globular Star Clusters -- 18. The Milky Way -- 18.1 Methods of Distance Measurement -- 18.2 Stellar Statistics -- 18.3 The Rotation of the Milky Way -- 18.4 The Structure and Evolution of the Milky Way -- 18.5 Exercises -- 19.
Galaxies -- 19.1 The Classification of Galaxies -- 19.2 Elliptical Galaxies -- 19.3 Spiral Galaxies -- 19.4 Lenticular Galaxies -- 19.5 Luminosities of Galaxies -- 19.6 Masses of Galaxies -- 19.7 Systems of Galaxies -- 19.8 Distances
of Galaxies -- 19.9 Active Galaxies and Quasars -- 19.10 The Origin and Evolution of Galaxies -- 20. Cosmology -- 20.1 Cosmological Observations -- 20.2 The Cosmological Principle -- 20.3 Homogeneous and Isotropic Universes -- 20.4 The
Friedmann Models -- 20.5 Cosmological Tests -- 20.6 History of the Universe -- 20.7 The Future of the Universe -- Appendices -- A. Mathematics -- A.1 Geometry -- A.2 Taylor Series -- A.3 Vector Calculus -- A.4 Conic Sections -- A.5
Multiple Integrals -- A.6 Numerical Solution of an Equation -- B. Quantum Mechanics -- B.1 Quantum Mechanical Model of Atoms. Quantum Numbers -- B.2 Selection Rules and Transition Probabilities -- B.3 Heisenberg’ Uncertainty Principle
-- B.4 Exclusion Principle -- C. Theory of Relativity -- C.1 Basic Concepts -- C.2 Lorentz Transformation. Minkowski Space -- C.3 General Relativity -- C.4 Tests of General Relativity -- D. Radio Astronomy Fundamentals -- D.1 Antenna
Definitions -- D.2 Antenna Temperature and Flux Density -- E. Tables -- Further Reading -- Photograph Credits
ISBN:9781461231608
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9781468449679:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Interactions in Low-Energy Systems
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (501 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-4967-9
Contents:I The Electro-Weak Force at Low Energy -- Weak Interactions at Low Energy -- Determination of the Muon Decay Parameters -- Measurement of the ?-Parameter in ?-Decay -- Muon Capture in Hydrogen -- Muon Capture in Deuterium -- Parity
Violation in Atoms -- Neutral Currents in Muonic Atoms -- Rare Muon Decays and Lepton-family Number Conservation -- Neutrino Masses and Mixing from Neutrino Oscillations -- Searches for Mixed Heavy Neutrinos in Meson Decays and in Muon
Capture -- II Strong Interactions -- The Exotic Atoms of QCD: Glueballs, Hybrids and Baryonia -- Quarkonium Spectroscopy -- The LEAR Physics Programme -- Electron-positron Pair Production in $$p\bar p$$ annihilation at LEAR -- $$p\bar
p$$ Annihilations at Rest in Hydrogen Gas: Report on Preliminary Results of the Asterix Experiment at LEAR -- First Physics Results from Experiment PS172 at LEAR -- Antiproton-proton Reactions in the Momentum Range from 250 to 600
MeV/c -- X-rays from Protonium — PS 174 Progress Report -- Antiproton X-ray Spectroscopy in the Cyclotron Trap: Preliminary Results -- PS184: A Study of Antiproton-nucleus Interactions at LEAR -- Perspectives of Antineutron Physics --
III Search for Hypothetical Particles and Interactions -- Weakly Charged Exotic Particles -- Search for Muon-hadron Interactions from Muonic X-rays -- Experimental Search for Strong van der Waals Forces -- Photon-photon Interaction
Detection via the Vacuum Birefringence Induced by a Magnetic Field: Status of the Experiment -- IV Perspectives of Superconducting Junctions in Nuclear and Particle Physics -- Potential of Superconducting Tunnel Junctions as Detectors
in Nuclear and Particle Physics -- Development of a High Resolution Superconducting Detector for keV Radiation at SIN -- New Detectors and Neutrino Mass -- V Some Aspects of the Physics of Muonic Atoms and Molecules -- Different Facets
of Muonic Molecules -- New Experimental Results on Muon Catalyzed Fusion in Low Density Deuterium-tritium gas -- Progress in Muon Catalyzed Fusion at JINR in Dubna (USSR) -- Triplet State Lifetimes and Muon Capture in Gaseous Hydrogen
-- Formation of the Lightest Muonic Atoms and the 2S-lifetime of the (??4He)+-ion
ISBN:9781468449679
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Ettore Majorana International Science Series : 23
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783540395522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical and Laser Remote Sensing
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-39552-2
Contents:1 IR Differential-Absorption LIDAR (DIAL) Techniques -- 1.1 Airborne Remote Sensing Measurements With a Pulsed CO2 Dial System -- 1.2 Differential-Absorption Measurements With Fixed-Frequency IR and UV Lasers -- 1.3 Remote Sensing of
Hydrazine Compounds Using a Dual Mini-TEA CO2 Laser DIAL System -- 1.4 The Hull Coherent DIAL Programme -- 1.5 Remote Measurement of Trace Gases With the JPL Laser Absorption Spectrometer -- 1.6 Laser Remote Sensing Measurements of
Atmospheric Species and Natural Target Reflectivities -- 1.7 Airborne CO2 Laser Heterodyne Sensor for Monitoring Regional Ozone Distributions -- 2 Spectrometric Techniques -- 2.1 Tunable Laser Heterodyne Spectrometer Measurements of
Atmospheric Species -- 2.2 Interferometric Measurements of Atmospheric Species -- 2.3 Remote Sensing by Infrared Heterodyne Spectroscopy -- 2.4 Detection of Trace Gases Using High-Resolution IR Spectroscopy -- 2.5 Gaseous Correlation
Spectrometric Measurements -- 2.6 Measurements of Atmospheric Trace Gases by Long Path Differential UV/Visible Absorption Spectroscopy -- 2.7 Measurements of HONO, NO3, and NO2 by Long-Path Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy
in the Los Angeles Basin -- 2.8 Remote Detection of Gases by Gas Correlation Spectroradiometry -- 3 UV-Visible DIAL Techniques -- 3.1 Atmospheric Pressure and Temperature Profiling Using Near IR Differential Absorption Lidar -- 3.2
Ground-Based Ultraviolet Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) System and Measurements -- 3.3 Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Gases and Aerosols With an Airborne DIAL System -- 3.4 Pollution Monitoring Using Nd:YAG Based Lidar Systems --
4 Atmospheric Propagation and System Analysis -- 4.1 Effects of Atmospheric Obscurants on the Propagation of Optical/IR Radiation -- 4.2 The Effects of Target-Induced Speckle, Atmospheric Turbulence, and Beam Pointing Jitter on the
Errors in Remote Sensing Measurements -- 4.3 Lidar System Analysis for Measurement of Atmospheric Species -- 4.4 CO2 DIAL Sensitivity Studies for Measurements of Atmospheric Trace Gases -- 4.5 Signal Averaging Limitations in
Heterodyne- and Direct-Detection Laser Remote Sensing Measurements -- 5 UV-Fluorescence Remote Sensing -- 5.1 Rayleigh and Resonance Sounding of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere -- 5.2 High-Resolution Lidar System for Measuring the
Spatial and Temporal Structure of the Mesospheric Sodium Layer -- 5.3 Remote Sensing of OH in the Atmosphere Using the Technique of Laser-Induced Fluorescence -- 5.4 Use of the Fraunhofer Line Discriminator (FLD) for Remote Sensing of
Materials Stimulated to Luminesce by the Sun -- 5.5 Ozone and Water Vapor Monitoring Using a Ground-Based Lidar System -- 5.6 The NASA/Goddard Balloon Borne Lidar System -- 6 Laser Sources and Detectors -- 6.1 Development of Compact
Excimer Lasers for Remote Sensing -- 6.2 Solid-State Laser Sources for Remote Sensing -- 6.3 Progress in Laser Sources for Remote Sensing -- 6.4 Review of NDRE Remote Sensing Program and Development of High Pressure RF Excited CO2
Waveguide Lasers -- 6.5 Progress in Dye and Excimer Laser Sources for Remote Sensing -- 6.6 IR Detectors: Heterodyne and Direct -- 7 Advanced Optical Techniques -- 7.1 Optical Remote Sensing of Environmental Pollution and Danger by
Molecular Species Using Low-Loss Optical Fiber Network System -- 7.2 In situ Ultratrace Gas Detection by Photothermal Spectroscopy: An Overview -- 7.3 Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): A New Spectrochemical Technique -- 7.4
The High Spectral Resolution Lidar -- 8 Lidar Technology -- 8.1 Lidar Measurements of Clouds -- 8.2 Coherent IR Radar Technology -- 8.3 Tactical and Atmospheric Coherent Laser Radar Technology -- 8.4 Atmospheric Remote Sensing Using
the NOAA Coherent Lidar System -- 8.5 Coherent CO2 Lidar Systems for Remote Atmospheric Measurements -- 8.6 Wide-Area Air Pollution Measurement by the NIES Large Lidar -- 8.7 ALPHA-1/Alarm Airborne Lidar Systems and Measurements --
Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783540395522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 39
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783540394754:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Detectors in Heavy-Ion Reactions Proceedings of the Symposium Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of Hans Geiger's birth Held at the Hahn-Meitner-Institut für Kernforschung Berlin October 6 – 8, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (258 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-12001-7
Contents:Hans GEIGER als Wissenschaftler und Lehrer -- Emission and absorption of photons in gaseous detectors -- Gas filled heavy ion detectors -- New trends in low-pressure gaseous detectors -- Response of gas scintillators to heavy charged
particles -- The GSI magnetic spectrometer -- Study of 12C interactions at HISS -- The magnetic spectrometer at Vicksi -- SPEG, a spectrometer for GANIL -- 4? Physics with the plastic ball -- The Darmstadt-Heidelberg-crystal-ball -- A
4? neutron multiplicity detector for heavy-ion experiments -- Diogene : A 4? pictorial drift chamber -- The Munich rf-recoil spectrometer -- Phase-space cooling of ion beams -- Fast on-line spectroscopy of exotic nuclei
ISBN:9783540394754
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 178
Keywords: Physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783540394723:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Application of High Magnetic Fields in Semiconductor Physics Proceeding of the International Conference Held in Grenoble, France, September 13–17, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (557 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-11996-5
Contents:Precision determination of h/e2 and the fine-structure constant from magneto-transport measurements on 2D electronic systems -- Gauge invariance and the quantised hall effect in two-dimensional systems -- Some remarks on the present
understanding of the quantized hall effect in two dimensions -- Quantum transverse and hall resistivities in silicon MOS inversion layers at temperatures down to 12 mK -- Possible application of the quantized hall resistance to the
realization of the electrical units -- Temperature dependence of the quantum hall effect in In0.53Ga0.47As-InP heterojunctions -- The quantized hall resistance and the Josephson effect -- On the two-dimensional wigner localization in
high magnetic fields -- Negative magnetoresistance and Anderson localization in Si-MOSFETs and other 2D systems in semiconductor interfaces -- Electron-electron interaction effects in p-type germanium inversion layers -- Anharmonic
effects in two-dimensional electron solids in magnetic fields -- Localisation and scaling of resistance of disordered systems including magnetic field effects -- High field magnetotransport IN GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunctions and SI mosfets
-- Magnetotransport in GaInAs-InP heterojunctions and superlattices -- Quantum transport in GaInAs-AlInAs heterojunctions -- Bias voltage dependence of the temperature of hot n-Si inversion layer electrons in high magnetic fields --
Magnetoresistance in a two-dimensional impurity band -- Magnetoconductivity and cyclotron resonance studies on Na+-contaminated Si-SiO2-interfaces -- On the screening of impurities by a two dimensional electron gas in high magnetic
fields -- Valley phase transition of Si inversion layers in high magnetic fields -- Electrical properties of layered materials in high magnetic fields -- Quantum oscillatory effect in graphite intercalation compounds -- Magneto-optical
experiments on a thin InAs LAyer confined between GaSb in a parallel and perpendicular magnetic field -- Electronic structure of semiconductor superlattices -- Inelastic light scattering by two dimensional electron systems in high
magnetic fields -- Anomalous cyclotron resonance of 2D electrons in AlxGa1?xAs/GaAs heterojunctions -- Faraday rotation and ellipticity in electron inversion layers of Si MOS structures -- Magnetooptical studies of deep impurities in
III–V compounds -- Magneto optics of II–VI compounds under low and high excitation -- Magneto-reflectance of the B-exciton of CdS -- Magneto-optical studies of donor impurities under high pressure -- Magnetically tunable far infrared
emitters and detectors -- Magnetooptical studies of phase transition in IV–VI compounds -- Transport properties in the active layer of a double heterostructure infection laser measured by a strong magnetic field -- Quantum oscillations
of indirect interband magnetoabsorption below the Burstein edge -- Neutral bound excitons in a magnetic field -- Magneto-oscillation of relaxation time in electron hole-drops -- Experimental verification of nodal surface number
conservation rule in magneto-optical effects of hydrogenic exciton -- Identification of contaminating donors in III–V compounds by far-infrared laser magneto-optical studies -- Magnetoplasma oscillations in a small conducting sphere --
Two-Photon spectroscopy in InSb at high magnetic fields -- Electron spin resonance in InSb under uniaxial stress -- Far-Infrared cyclotron resonance of hot carriers in InSb -- Magneto-thermal conductivity oscillations in n-type InSb --
Infrared emission due to the magnetoelectric-photo effect in InSb -- Optically pumped recombination radiation in zincblende semiconductors under crossed magnetic and strain fields -- The metal- non metal transition in n-type InSb in
high magnetic fields -- Shubnikov-de Haas effect in heavily doped n-InSb under pressure -- Interaction between T and L minima associated impurity states in n-InSb -- Anomalous NMR relaxation peak in InSb in the extreme quanium limit --
Dielectric function of Zero-Gap HiCdTe and HgMnte in a magnetic field -- Fermi surface properties of Pb71Sn29Te above and below the structural phase transition -- Evidence of fermi level pinning in Pb Sn1-xTex/In at high magnetic
fields -- Magnetotransport properties of Hg0.8Cd0.2Te in pulsed fields up to 35 T -- Influence of an acceptor state on transport in zero-gap Hgl?xMnxTe -- Shubnikov-de Haas effect in amorphous Cd3As2 -- Hopping conduction in the
magnetic field -- Effect of dilute ionized impurities on the magnetoresistivity of Bismuth in high magnetic fields -- A magnetic field induced two-dimensional stripping of the polaron -- Variable range hopping in indium phosphide near
the metal non metal transition in presence of a magnetic field -- A kinetic approximation for quantum magneto-transport -- Scattering mechanisms in n-CdTe under classical and quantum limit conditions -- Magnetophonon and
magnetoimpurity resonances in N-Germanium -- Classical transport effects revisited : A basis for new applications of high magnetic fields -- Impurities in semimagnetic semiconductors -- Bound magnetic polarons in semimagnetic
semiconductors -- “Spin-doping” in semiconductor physics -- Magnetically stimulated conductivity of magnetic semiconductor and related phenomena -- Binding of an electron in the field of a finite electric dipole in a magnetic field --
Low-temperature magnetocapacitance measurements on n-type silicon: Spin-dependent electrical polarizabilities of donor clusters -- Phase transitions in high magnetic fields -- High magnetic field research at the Francis bitter national
magnet laboratory -- High magnetic fields at the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford -- Semiconductor experiments in megagauss and submegagauss fields -- High field superconductors -- The generation of high magnetic fields in Grenoble —
installations and magnets -- Magnets I have known
ISBN:9783540394723
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 177
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461336822:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thin Film Device Applications
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (300 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3682-2
Contents:1. Thin Film Technology. An Introduction -- 1.1. Why Thin Films? -- 1.2. Thin Film Growth Process -- 1.3. Vapor Deposition Techniques -- 1.4. Solution Deposition Techniques -- 1.5. Thick Film Deposition Techniques -- 1.6. Monitoring
and Analytical Techniques -- 1.7. Microfabrication Techniques -- 2. Thin Films In Optics -- 2.1. Optics of Thin Films -- 2.2. Antireflection Coatings (AR Coatings) -- 2.3. Reflection Coatings -- 2.4. Interference Filters -- 2.5. Thin
Film Polarizers -- 2.6. Beam Splitters -- 2.7. Integrated Optics -- 3. Optoelectronic Applications -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Photon Detectors -- 3.3. Photovoltaic Devices -- 3.4. Applications in Imaging -- 3.5. Electrophotography
(Xerography and Electrofax) -- 3.6. Thin Film Displays -- 3.7. Information Storage Devices -- 3.8. Amorphous Silicon-Based Devices -- 4. Microelectronic Applications -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Thin Film Passive Components -- 4.3.
Thin Film Active Components -- 4.4. Thin Film Integrated Circuits -- 4.5. Microwave Integrated Circuits (MICs) -- 4.6. Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) Devices -- 4.7. Charge-Coupled Devices (CCDs) -- 4.8. Thin Film Strain Gauges -- 4.9.
Gas Sensors -- 5. Magnetic Thin Film Devices -- 5.1. Magnetic Thin Films -- 5.2. Applications -- 6. Quantum Engineering Applications -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Basic Concepts -- 6.3. Superconductivity in Thin Films -- 6.4. S-N
Transition Devices -- 6.5. Superconductive Tunneling Devices -- 6.6. Miscellaneous Applications -- 7. Thermal Devices -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Thermal Detectors -- 7.3. Thermal Imaging Applications -- 7.4. Photothermal Conversion
-- 8. Surface Engineering Applications -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Surface Passivation Applications -- 8.3. Tribological Applications -- 8.4. Decorative Applications -- 8.5. Miscellaneous Applications -- References
ISBN:9781461336822
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Electrical engineering , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Electrical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1971-9781468419238:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Optical Methods in Gas Dynamic Research Proceedings of an International Symposium held at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, May 25–26, 1970, supported by The New York State Science and Technology Foundation
Author(s):
Date:1971
Size:1 online resource (295 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-1923-8
Contents:Recent Researches in Shock-Tube Spectroscopy -- Abstract -- Shock Tubes and the Spectroscopic Method -- Shock-Tube Spectroscopy of Astrophysically Important Diatomic Molecules -- Diagnostic Shock-Tube Spectra and the Kinetic Study of
Collision Processes -- References -- Radiative Diagnostics Nonequilibrium Flows -- Nonequilibrium Emission Measurements -- Absorption Measurements in the Vacuum Ultraviolet -- Summary -- References -- Temperature Errors in Plasma
Diagnostics and Their Possible Effects on Absolute Transition Probabilities -- Determination of Plasma Temperature from Relative gf-Values The AFCRL Shock Tube Absolute gf-Value -- Program Using Ultrasonics -- Errors in the Corliss and
Bozman NBA Free-Burning ARC gf-Values -- Conclusion -- References -- Impurity Measurements in the Expansion Tube -- References -- Some Aspects of the Refractive Behavior of Gases -- Constitutive Properties and Wave Propagation in a
Medium -- Lorentz Electron Theory of Dispersion -- The Dispersion Function -- Spectral Interferometry: The Hook Method -- Special Features -- References -- Interferometric Gas Diagnostics by the Hook Method -- The Experimental Setup --
Mach-Zehnder Interferometers -- Stigmatic Spectrographs, Detectors and Light Sources -- Theoretical Aspects of the Hook Method, Review of Experiments -- Summary -- References -- Hook Interferometry Using a Single Plate Interferometer
-- References -- Some Optical Diagnostic Techniques Involving High Power Lasers -- Laser-Produced Plasma Studies in the Nanosecond Region -- Laser-Produced Plasma Studies with Subnanosecond Resolution -- Recent Developments --
References -- Pulse Laser Holographic Interferometry -- Principles of Holography -- Holographic Interferometry -- Cine-Interferometry -- The Analysis of Plasma by Light Scattering -- Elements of the Theory -- Experimental Procedures --
A Scattering Experiment -- References -- Laser — Generation of Rarefied Plasma Flows -- Abstract -- Apparatus -- Measurements on Laser-Produced Flows -- Study of Counter-Streaming Ionized Flows -- References -- A Summary of Recent
Research on Continuous-Wave Chemical Lasers -- Four Basic Processes Influence CW Chemical Laser Operation -- Approach One: Laser Action Directly from Product Molecules in Fluid Mixing Chemical Lasers -- A Second Approach: Laser Action
by Selective Energy Transfer from Produce Molecules in Fluid Mixing Chemical Lasers -- A Comparison of Approaches One and Two -- Total Population Inversion -- A Third Approach: A CW Explosion or Detonation Wave Chemical Laser --
Conclusion -- References -- Excitation of Gases Using Wavelength-Tunable Lasers -- Abstract -- Organic Dye Lasers -- Semiconductor Lasers -- Nonlinear Optical Techniques -- Resonant Interactions Between Lasers and Gases -- References
-- Bibliography of Dye Laser Papers -- Production of Non-Equilibrium Atomic Populations Using Tunable Laser Excitation -- Notes -- Recent Studies of the Cs2/O2 Combustion Laser -- Abstract -- Transversely Sparked Laser -- CW Combustion
Laser -- Summary and Conclusions -- References
ISBN:9781468419238
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1970-9789401032933:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultraviolet Stellar Spectra and Related Ground-Based Observations
Author(s):
Date:1970
Size:1 online resource (362 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-3293-3
Contents:I / Stellar Fluxes -- A. Absolute Calibration -- 1. Absolute intensity calibration methods in the vacuum UV region -- 2. An investigation of the properties of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation detectors (Abstract) -- 3. Recent absolute
calibration work at Palomar Mountain -- 4. General discussion (On calibration methods) -- B. Interstellar Extinction -- 1. Interstellar extinction (Introductory lecture) -- 2. Ultraviolet interstellar extinction from a comparison of ?
Persei and ? Pesei -- 3. Observations of interstellar extinction in the ultraviolet with the OAO satellite -- 4. On dielectric models of interstellar grains -- 5. Extinction curves for graphite-silicate grain mixtures -- 6. Measurement
of interstellar extinction in emission line stars -- 7. The interstellar extinction curve from 4000 Å to 6500 Å -- C. Theoretical Models for Stellar Fluxes -- 1. The effective temperatures of the O stars -- 2. The effect of Silicon and
Carbon opacity on ultraviolet stellar spectra -- D. Observed Stellar Fluxes -- 1. Review of ultraviolet and visual continuum observations and comparisons with models -- 2. The stellar temperature scale from 05 to A0 -- 3. On
ultraviolet fluxes, bolometric corrections and effective temperatures of late B to F stars -- 4. Far-ultraviolet intensities of Orion stars -- 5. Ultraviolet photometry of stars obtained with the Celescope experiment in the Orbiting
Astronomical Observatory -- 6. Photographic magnitudes of 201 stars at 2600 Å -- 7. Spectrophotometrie integree des galaxies proches dans l’ultraviolet (expérience Persée) -- 8. Low resolution stellar spectrophotometrie observations in
the region 1500 Å–3000 Å -- 9. Absolute stellar photometry in the region 1200 Å–3000 Å -- 10. Preliminary note on the astronomical satellite Kosmos 215 -- 11. Ultraviolet photometry of stars from OSO II -- 12. The ultraviolet solar
opacity -- II / Stellar Line Spectra -- A. Rocket and Satellite Observations of Ultraviolet Spectra -- 1. Observations of ultraviolet stellar spectra -- 2. Photoelectric rocket spectra at 10 Å resolution (Abstract) -- 3. Rocket
spectroscopy of ? Puppis below 1100 Å -- 4. Observations of strong stellar lines with the OAO -- 5. The far-ultraviolet spectrum of ? Cassiopeiae -- 6. UV spectrophotometry of Canopus from Gemini XI -- B. Ground-Based Observations of
Spectra Relevant to the Ultraviolet -- 1. Review of ground-based observations of spectra relevant to the ultraviolet -- 2. Chromospheric activity in red giants, and related phenomena -- 3. Mass loss from early-type stars -- C. Theory
Relevant to UV Spectra -- 1. A discussion of the theory for interpreting ultraviolet stellar spectra -- 2. Possibility of fluorescence phenomena in the ultraviolet spectrum of symbiotic stars and long period variables -- 3. Radiative
acceleration and ultraviolet resonance line profiles in OB supergiants -- 4. Stellar-wind theory for O and B stars (Abstract) -- D. The Sun — a Typical G2V Star -- 1. Review of astrophysical conclusions from the UV solar spectra -- 2.
Resonance lines in the solar chromosphere -- 3. On the contribution of solar activity to the ultraviolet spectrum of the Sun -- 4. Intensity distribution in the Lyman-? line at the solar limb -- 5. A high-resolution solar spectrum 2000
Å–2200 Å -- 6. Fabry-Pérot interferograms of the solar MgII resonance lines -- III / Interstellar Absorption and Emission -- A. Absorption Lines -- 1. Observations of interstellar Lyman-? absorption -- 2. Observations of interstellar
Lyman-? with the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory -- 3. Interstellar lines other than hydrogen -- 4. Interstellar molecular hydrogen (Abstract) -- 5. General discussion -- B. Emission -- 1. The night sky brightness measured from
satellites Kosmos 51 and 213 -- 2. Mariner 5 measurements of ultraviolet emission from the Galaxy -- 3. The ultraviolet background (intergalactic gas, the Galaxy, and subcosmic rays) -- 4. Lyman-? radiation from nebular objects --
Space and ground-based stellar spectrophotometry: a summary
ISBN:9789401032933
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale, Symposium No. 36 Held in Lunteren, the Netherlands, 24–27 June, 1969 : 36
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1969-9781468462821:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Practical X-Ray Spectrometry
Author(s): R Jenkins
Date:1969
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (190 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-6282-1
Contents:1: Physics of X-Rays -- 1.1 Origin of X-rays -- 1.2 Production of X-rays -- 1.3 Properties of X-rays -- 1.4 Excitation of fluorescence radiation in the sample -- 2: Dispersion -- 2.1 General -- 2.2 Geometric arrangement of the
spectrometer -- 2.3 Effective range of the spectrometer -- 2.4 Dispersion efficiency -- 2.5 Broadening of line profile -- 2.6 Collimation requirements of the spectrometer -- 2.7 Reflection efficiency -- 2.8 Filters to increase
resolving power -- 2.9 Problems experienced in the application of crystal dispersion -- 2.10 Dispersion of soft X-rays -- 2.11 Comparison of the methods for long wavelength dispersion -- 3: Detection -- 3.1 General -- 3.2 Gas filled
detectors -- 3.3 The scintillation counter -- 3.4 Comparison of detectors -- 4: Pulse Height Selection -- 4.1 Principle of pulse height selection -- 4.2 Automatic pulse height selection -- 4.3 Applications of pulse height selection --
4.4 Theoretical application of pulse height selection -- 4.5 Practical problems arising in pulse height selection -- 4.6 Pulse amplitude shifts -- 4.7 Pulse amplitude distortions -- 5: Counting Statistics -- 5.1 introduction -- 5.2
Definition of statistical terms -- 5.3 Random distribution of X-rays -- 5.4 Choice of fixed time or fixed count -- 5.5 Limit of counting error -- 5.6 Counting error in the net intensity -- 5.7 Selection of optimum counting times -- 5.8
Selection of best conditions for analysis -- 5.9 Selection of best conditions for low concentrations -- 5.10 Errors in using the ratio method -- 5.11 Selection of ratio or absolute counting method -- 5.12 Counting error versus
stability -- 5.13 Counting error as a function of total numbers of counts -- 6: Matrix Effects -- 6.1 Errors in X-ray analysis. -- 6.2 Elemental interactions -- 6.3 Physical effects . -- 7: Quantitative Analysis -- 7.1 General -- 7.2
Use of standards -- 7.3 Dilution techniques -- 7.4 Thin film techniques -- 7.5 Mathematical corrections -- 8: Sample Preparation -- 8.1 General -- 8.2 Samples requiring only a simple treatment -- 8.3 Samples requiring significant
pre-trcatment -- 8.4 Samples requiring special handling treatment -- 9: Trace Analysis -- 9.1 General -- 9.2 Analysis of low concentrations -- 9.3 Theoretical considerations -- 9.4 Statistical definition -- 9.5 Figure of merit (or
quality function) -- 9.6 Generator stability -- 9.7 Effect of long term drift -- 9.8 Variation of detection limit with atomic number -- 9.9 Choice of excitation conditions -- 9.10 Effect of background -- 9.11 Removal of background by
polarization -- 9.12 Use of filters -- 9.13 Effect of the matrix -- 9.14 Analysis of limited quantities of material -- 9.15 Theoretical considerations I -- 9.16 Ultimate requirements in sample size -- 9.17 Handling of small samples --
Appendix 1(a) -- Appendix 2(a) -- Appendix 2(b) -- Appendix 3(a) -- Appendix 3(b) -- Appendix 4
ISBN:9781468462821
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1958-9783642459030:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Instrumentation II / Instrumentelle Hilfsmittel der Kernphysik II
Author(s):
Date:1958
Size:1 online resource (544 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45903-0
Contents:Ionization Chambers in Nuclear Physics -- I. Introduction -- II. General principles of ionization chamber operation -- III. Events following ionization -- IV. Utilization of the signal -- V. Applications -- Geiger Counters -- I.
Introduction -- II. The gas discharge mechanism -- III. Special topics -- IV. Design and use considerations -- References -- Scintillation and ?erenkov Counters -- I. Photomultiplier tubes -- II. Inorganic phosphors -- III. Organic
phosphors -- IV. ?erenkov counters -- V. Scintillation and ?erenkov counters for high energy ?- and ?-ray spectroscopy -- The Proportional Counter as Detector and Spectrometer -- A. Historical -- B. The principle of operation -- C. The
construction of proportional tubes -- D. The tube as spectrometer -- E. Fields of application -- F. Summation effects -- G. High sensitivity work -- H. Applications of proportional tubes -- The Coincidence Method -- I. General and
historical introduction -- II. Coincidence circuits of moderate resolutions (? 1 ? sec) -- III. Fast coincidence circuits -- IV. Coincidence measurements -- Cloud Chambers -- I. The production of tracks in a cloud chamber -- II. The
photography of cloud chamber tracks -- III. The measurement of cloud chamber tracks -- IV. Concluding remarks -- Acknowledgements -- General references -- The Bubble Chamber -- 1. Introduction -- 2. History of the development of the
bubble chamber -- 3. Construction and operation of the bubble chambers -- 4. Microscopic mechanism of bubble nucleation by ionizing events -- 5. Photography of bubble chambers -- 6. Measurements with bubble chambers -- 7. Applications
of bubble chambers -- Nuclear Emulsions -- A. Introduction -- B. Principles of particle identification and velocity measurement -- C. Techniques -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix: Supplemental bibliography -- Detection of Neutrons -- A.
Interactions used for detection -- B. Detecting devices -- C. Applications to various types of measurements -- References -- High Energy Neutron Detectors -- I. General considerations -- II. Detecting devices. -- III. Application of
detectors to neutron measurements -- General references -- Sachverzeichnis (Deutsch/Englisch) -- Subject Index (English/German)
ISBN:9783642459030
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Encyclopedia of Physics / Handbuch der Physik: 8 / 45
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Nuclear engineering , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Nuclear Engineering , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:QC787.N83I565::1994 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Proceedings of the International Workshop on Micro-Strip Gas Chambers : Legnaro, Italy, 13-14, October 1994
Conference:International Workshop on Micro-Strip Gas Chambers, Legnaro, Italy, 1994
Author(s): G. Della Mea
Date:1995
Publisher:Edizioni Progetto, Padova
Size:243
Keywords: Nuclear track detectors Congresses. , Conference proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:QC787.C6N55::2006 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Noble gas detectors
Author(s): Elena Aprile
Aleksey E. Bolotnikov
Alexander I. Bolozdynya
Tadayoshi Doke
Date:2006
Publisher:Wiley-VCH: Weinheim
Contents:1.Introduction, 2. Noble Fluids as Detector Media, 3. Elementary Processes Affecting Generation of Signals, 4. Scintillation Detectors, 5. Ionization Detectors, 6. Proportional Scintillation Detectors, 7. Two-Phase Electron Emission Detectors, 8. Technology of Noble Gas Detectors
ISBN:3527405976
Keywords: Ionizing radiation - Measurement - Instruments , Scintillation spectrometry , Gases, Rare , Gas detectors , Gas detectors - Design and construction
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Call number:QC776.F866 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Subatomic physics
Author(s): Hans Frauenfelder 1922-
Ernest M. Henley
Date:1974
Publisher:Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, N.J
Size:554 pgs.
Contents:Part I: Tools - 1. Background and Language, 2. Accelerators, 3. Passage of Radiation Through Matter, 4 Detectors
Part II: Particles and Nuclei - 5. The Subatomic Zoo, 6. Structure of Subatomic Particles
Part III: Symmetries and Conservation Laws - 7. Additive Conservation, 8. Angular Momentum and Isospin, 9. P, C, and T
Part IV: Interactions - 10. The Electromagnetic Interaction, 11. The Weak Interaction, 12. Hadronic Interactions
Part V: Models - 13. Quarks and Regge Poles, 14. Liquid Drop Model Fermi Gas Model, 15. The Shell Model, 16. Collective Model
Part VI: Nuclear Science and Technology - 17. Nuclear Power, 18. Nuclear Astrophysics, 19. Nuclei in Chemistry
ISBN:0138590826
Series:Prentice-Hall physics series: 2
Keywords: Nuclear physics.
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Call number:QC776.F723::1991 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Subatomic physics
Author(s): Hans Frauenfelder 1922-
Ernest M. Henley
Date:1991
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, N.J
Size:601 pgs.
Contents:Part I: Tools - 1. Backgound and Language, 2. Accelerators, 3. Passge of Radiation Through Matter, 4. Detectors
Part II: Particles and Nuclei - 5. The Subatomic Zoo, 6. Structure of Subatomic Particles
Part III: Symmetries and Conservation Laws - 7. Additive Conservation Laws, 8. Angular Momentum and Isospin, 9. P, C, and T
Part IV: Interactions - 10. The Electromagnetic Interaction, 11. The Weak Interaction, 12. Introduction to Gauge Theories, 13. The Electroweak Theory, 14. Hadronic Interactions
Part V: Models - 15. Quarks, Mesons, and Baryons, 16. Liquid Drop Model, Fermi Gas Model, Heavy Ions, 17. The Shell Model, 18. Collective Model, 19. Nuclear Astrophysics
Appendices: 1. The Most Frequently Used Constants, 2. A More Complete Colleciton of constants, 3. Properties of Particles Stable Under Strong Decays, 4. A Partial List of Mesons, 5. A Selected List of Baryons, 6. Periodic Table of the Elements, 7. Cumulated Index to A-Chains, 8. Spherical Harmonics
ISBN:0138594309
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:QC454.M3D7::1979 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Partial pressure analyzers and analysis
Author(s): Monte J Drinkwine
David Lichtman
(Wisconsin U., Milwaukee)
Date:1979
Publisher:New York : Education Committee, American Vacuum Society
Size:126 pgs.
Contents:Part I: Introduction and Scope of Monograph - A. What Is A Partial Pressure Analyzer?, B. Terms and Symbols
Part II: Partial Pressure Analyzers - A. Ionization and Ion Sources, B. Ion Detectors, C. Analyzer Types, D. Selection Criteria
Part III: Analysis - A. Massis of Atoms and Molecules, B. Input Information of Analyzers, C. Interpretation of Mass Spectra for Residual Gas Analysis
Appendices: A. Isotopic Abundances of the Elements, B. Ionization Potentials, Electron Affinities, Work Funcitons, and Melting Points, C. List of Manufacturers of Partial Pressure Analyzers, D. AVS Standards, E. Glossary of Terms
Series:American Vacuum Society monograph series
Keywords: Mass spectrometry , Gases Spectra Measurement
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