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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GASES SPECTRA MEASUREMENT *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/6048.56 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword gases spectra measurement ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387388809:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational and Instrumental Methods in EPR [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christopher J Bender
Lawrence J Berliner
Date:2007
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Computational and Instrumental Methods in EPR Prof. Bender, Fordham University Prof. Lawrence J. Berliner, University of Denver Electron magnetic resonance has been greatly facilitated by the introduction of advances ininstrumentation and better comp utational tools, such as the increasingly widespread use of the density matrix formalism. This volume is devoted to both instrumentation and computation aspects of EPR, while addressing applications suchas spin relaxation time measurements, the measuremen t of hyperfine interaction parameters, and the recovery of Mn(II) spin Hamiltonian parameters via spectral simulation. Key features: Microwave Amplitude Modulation Technique toMeasure Spin-Lattice (T1) and Spin-Spin (T2) Relaxation Times Improvement in th e Measurement of Spin-Lattice Relaxation Time in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Quantitative Measurement of Magnetic Hyperfine Parameters and the PhysicalOrganic Chemistry of Supramolecular Systems New Methods of Simulation of Mn(II) EPR Spectra: Single Crystals, Polycrystalline and Amorphous (Biological) Materials Density Matrix Formalism of Angular Momentum in Multi-Quantum MagneticResonance About the Editors: Dr. Chris Bender is assistant professor of Chemistry at Fordham University. Dr. Lawrence J. B erliner is currently Professor and Chair of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University ofDenver after retiring from Ohio State University, where he spent a 32-year career in the area of biological magnetic resonance (EPR and NMR). He i s the Series Editor for Biological Magnetic Resonance, which he launched in 1979
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Microwave Amplitude Modulation Technique to Measure Spin
Lattice (T 1) and Spin
Spin (T 2) Relaxation Times
Improvement in the Measurement of Spin
Lattice Relaxation Time in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
Quantitative Measurement of Magnetic Hyperfine Parameters and the Physical Organic Chemistry of Supramolecular Systems
New Methods of Simulation of Mn(II) EPR Spectra: Single Crystals, Polycrystalline and Amorphous (Biological) Materials
Density Matrix Formalism of Angular Momentum in Multi
Quantum Magnetic Resonance
ISBN:9780387388809
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological Magnetic Resonance, 0192-6020 : v25
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Polymers , Biochemistry , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402041907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Theory [electronic resource] : A Wide Spectrum
Author(s): E.B Manoukian
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The ultimate modern textbook on Quantum Theory, this graduate-level and self-contained text is also a reference and research work which provides background for research in this discipline, covering important recent developmentsand most aspects of the theory with fairly detailed presentations. In addition to traditional topics, it includes: selective measurements, Wigner's Theorem of symmetry transformations, generators of quantum transformations,supersymmetry, details on the spectra of Hamiltonians a nd stability of quantum systems, Bose-Fermi oscillators, coherent states, hyperfine structure of the H-atom for any angular momentum, the non-relativistic Lamb shift, anomalousmagnetic moment of the electron, Ramsey oscillatory fields methods, measurement , interference and the role of the environment, the AB effect, geometric phases (including the nonadiabatic and noncyclic), Schrdinger's cat and quantumdecoherence, quantum teleportation and cryptography, quantum dynamics of the Stern-Gerlach effect, Gree n functions, path integrals, including constrained dynamics, quantum dynamical principle and variations, systematics ofmulti-electron atoms, stability of matter, collapse of bosonic matter and the role of spin, intricacies of scattering, quantum descripti on of relativistic particles for any spin and mass, spinors, helicity, the Spin & StatisticsTheorem. In addition it contains numerous problems, some of which are challenging enough for research. Audience: Instructors and graduate students in Physics, rese archers and professional scientists in Theoretical Physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals
Symmetries and Transformations
Uncertainties, Localization, Stability and Decay of Quantum Systems
Spectra of Hamiltonians
Angular Momentum Gymnastics
Intricacies of Harmonic Oscillators
Intricacies of the Hydrogen Atom
Quantum Physics of Spin 1/2 and Two
Level Systems Quantum Predictions Using Such Systems
Green Functions
Path Integrals
The Quantum Dynamical Principle
Approximating Quantum Systems
Multi
Electron Atoms: Beyond the Thomas
Fermi Atom
Quantum Physics and the Stability of Matter
Quantum Scattering
Quantum Description of Re
ISBN:9781402041907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Molecular structure
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461223788:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Amazing Light A Volume Dedicated To Charles Hard Townes On His 80th Birthday
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (682 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-2378-8
Contents:1 Introduction: Charles Townes as I Have Known Him -- 2 Methane Optical Frequency Standard -- 3 Mid-infrared Lines as Astrophysical Diagnostics: Two Decades of Problems and Promise -- 4 The Laser Stabilitron -- 5 Self-Regulated Star
Formation in Molecular Clouds -- 6 Long-baseline Interferometric Imaging at 11 Microns with 30 Milliarcsecond Resolution -- 7 Ammonia in the Giant Planets -- 8 Collision Broadening and Radio-frequency Spectroscopy -- 9 Meeting Charles
H. Townes -- 10 Population Inversion and Superluminality -- 11 The Autler-Townes Effect Revisited -- 12 Parity Nonconservation in Atoms and Searches for Permanent Electric Dipole Moments -- 13 Stark Dynamics and Saturation in Resonant
Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy -- 14 A Raman Study of Fluorinated Ethanes Adsorbed on Zeolite NaX -- 15 Laser Light-scattering Spectroscopy of Supercooled Liquids and the Glass Transition -- 16 The Electronic Emission Spectra
of Triatomic Hydrogen: The 6025? Bands of H2D and HD2 -- 17 Limitations for Frequency-based Absolute Length Measurements -- 18 Microcavity Quantum Electrodynamics -- 19 Testimonial for Celebration of Professor Charles Townes’ 80th
Birthday -- 20 Marine Physical Laboratory: A Brief History -- 21 Searching for the Cause of Alzheimer’s Disease -- 22 Radio and Infrared Spectroscopy of Interstellar Molecules -- 23 Lessons Learned -- 24 Infrared Spectroscopy of
Jupiter in 1970 and in the 1990s -- 25 The Galactic Center: Star Formation and Mass Distribution in the Central Parsec -- 26 Microwave Spectroscopy, the Maser, and Radio Astronomy: Charles Townes at Columbia -- 27 The Role of
Radioactive 14C and 26Al in the Ionization of Circumstellar Envelopes -- 28 The Clumpy Structure of Molecular Clouds -- 29 Spontaneous Emission Noise in Quantum Electronics -- 30 Possibility of Infrared Coronal Line Laser Emission in
Seyfert Nuclei -- 31 Concepts of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Quantum Optics -- 32 Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Laser-polarized Noble Gases -- 33 Deterministic Order-Chaos Transition of Two Ions in a Paul Trap -- 34 Infrared
Emission and H2O Masers around Massive Black Holes in Galactic Nuclei -- 35 Knowing Charlie: In the 1950s and Since -- 36 The SH Radical: Laboratory Detection of its $$J = \frac{3}{2} \leftarrow \frac{1}{2}$$ Rotational Transition --
37 Charlie Townes at Brookhaven -- 38 Classical Theory of Measurement: A Big Step Towards the Quantum Theory of Measurement -- 39 The Physics of Nerve Excitation -- 40 The Future of Science Education -- 41 Noncoherent Feedback in Space
Masers and Stellar Lasers -- 42 Application of Millisecond Pulsar Timing to the Long-term Stability of Clock Ensembles -- 43 Some Security Implications of Growing Electricity Demand for the Use of Nuclear Power in East Asia -- 44
Dynamic Control of the Photon Statistics in the Micromaser and Laser -- 45 Sgr A* — A Starving Black Hole? -- 46 Infrared Semiconductor Laser by Means of J x H Force Excitation of Electrons and Holes -- 47 From Laser Beam Filamentation
to Optical Solitons: The Influence of C. H. Townes on the Development of Modern Nonlinear Optics -- 48 Industrial Research in Today’s World -- 49 Far-infrared Imaging of the HII Region-Molecular Cloud Complex W51A with a Balloon-borne
Telescope -- 50 Charles Townes: The Scientist and the Person -- 51 Neutron Spin Reorientation Experiments -- 52 An Appreciative Response to Townes on Science and Religion -- 53 The Academic Ivory Tower Under Siege -- 54 The Correlated
Spontaneous Emission Maser Gyroscope -- 55 Astronomical, Atmospheric, and Wavefront Studies with a Submillimeter-wavelength Interferometer -- 56 Theory of an Optical Subharmonic Generator -- 57 Hydrogen Masers and Lasers in Space -- 58
Beyond the South Pole -- 59 Townes and Nonlinear Optics -- 60 Spectral Observations of the Molecular Cloud Orion S -- 61 A Visit to America -- 62 Review of Some Photothermal Effects -- 63 Dark Matter and Faint Galactic Halo Light -- 64
Optical Pump-Probe Experiments and the Higgs Field
ISBN:9781461223788
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461308478:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coherence and Quantum Optics VI Proceedings of the Sixth Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics held at the University of Rochester, June 26–28, 1989
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (1348 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0847-8
Contents:Emission Frequency of a Homogeneously Broadened Laser Operating below Threshold -- Dynamics of the NH3 FIR Laser and the Lorenz Model -- Quantum Theory of Interaction of a Resonant Field with a Nonlinear Medium Modelled as an
Anharmonic Oscillator -- Quantum Effects in Light Propagation through a Nonlinear Medium -- Cooperative Modulation Instability in Dispersive Nonlinear Media -- Large Scale Transverse Interactions in Nonlinear Optical System with
2D-Feedback Generation, Hysteresis and Interaction of Wave Structures -- Single-Atom Cavity-Enhanced Absorption: Steady-State Field in the Strong-Coupling Limit -- Quantum Theory of Multiwave Mixing in a Squeezed Vacuum -- Measuring
the Wigner Angle with a Parametric Amplifier -- Delayed Bifurcations in a CO2 Laser with a Slowly Swept Pump -- Experimental Characterization of Shil’nikov Chaos by Statistics of Return Times -- Determination of a Small Photon Number
by Statistical Amplifying Transients -- Progress in Modelling Coherently Pumped Far-Infrared Laser Dynamics -- Extraordinary Behavior of Atoms near a Phase Conjugator -- Squeezed Light Generation with an Incoherent Pump -- Three Wave
Mixing for Multimode Beams -- Dimensionality Studies of Chaotic Attractors in Laser with Injected Signal -- Applications of the Optical Phase Operator -- Classically Chaotic Near-Classical Microwave Ionization -- Angular Correlations
of Bosons and Fermions -- The Physics of Stored Laser Cooled Ion Clusters: Phase Transitions in a System with only a Few Degrees of Freedom -- Theory of the Two-Photon Laser: Cross-Correlation and Laser Thresholds -- Nonclassical
Photon Correlations in Cavity QED -- Silicon Avalanche Photodetectors for Quantum Optics Experiments: Sub-Geiger Performance -- Comparisons of Two Theories of Scattering from Quasi-Homogeneous Media -- Photon-Number Distributions for
Number-State Homodyne Photomixing at a Lossless Beam Splitter -- Models and Approximations for Instabilities in Standing-Wave Lasers -- Near Threshold Behavior of Multimode CW Dye Lasers with an Amplitude Modulated Pump -- Radiation
Theory for Two-Photon Processes -- Behavior of a Ring Laser with Injected Signal near Threshold -- Optical Manifestations of Berry’s Topological Phase: Classical and Quantum Aspects -- Theory and Photon Statistics of a Free Electron
Laser -- Investigation of ? Phase Jumps in a Ring Laser -- Phase Fluctuation and Damping in Two-Level Optical Resonance -- Relaxation Problems and Lifetimes in Nonlinear Optical Systems -- Optical Systems Driven by Inputs with Reduced
Intensity Fluctuations: A Possible Master Equation Approach -- QED of a Two-Level Atom and Photodetection -- Competion between Counter-Propagating Waves in Laser Dynamics -- Nonlinear Dynamics of a Laser Containing A Modulated
Saturable Absorber -- Transition from Classical “Maxwell-Boltzmann” to Quantum, “Bose-Einstein” Partition Statistics by Stochastic Splitting of Degenerate Light -- Strong Photon Localization in Microcavity Stimulated Emission --
Optical Experiments Illustrating the Significance of the Bell Inequalities -- High Intensity Effects in Raman Scattering -- Fluctuation Interferometer as High Angular-Resolution Sensor of Laser Illumination -- Self-Observation and
Self-Referral in Lasers: An Analysis of the Transition from Quantum to Classical Behavior -- Mode-Locked Superfluorescence -- The Wigner Function of Two-Mode Squeezed States Free and Dissipative Evolution -- Coherent Scattering of
Light in an Aharonov-Bohm Geometry -- Bloch Electrons in Coherent Light: A New Type of Renormalization -- Coherent Population Trapping and Its Effects on Light-Induced Drift -- Stochastic Resonance in Bistable Systems -- Spontaneous
and Induced Emission of Soft Bosons: Exact Non-Markovian Solutions -- Coherence and Interference in Photoionization of a Rydberg Atom -- Photon Antibunching in Spontaneous Emission from Two Nonidentical Atoms -- Excitation into a
Quasicontinuum by a Fluctuating Laser Field -- Stimulated Photon Echo Induced by Broad-Bandwidth Pulses -- Scattering of Electromagnetic Fields of Any State of Coherence from Fluctuating Media -- Local and Global Bifurcations of
Optically-Pumped Three-Level Lasers -- A New Test of Bell’s Inequality Using Optical Interference -- Soliton Collisions for Quantum Non-Demolition Measurement of Photon Number: The QND Soliton Interferometer -- A Semiclassical Theory
of Ultrafast Pump-Probe Spectroscopy: Visualization and Interpretation of Experiment -- Elimination of the Dynamics of the Rotational Levels in a Four-Level CO2 Laser Model -- Quantum Statistical Properties of Optical Phase Conjugation
-- Universal Normal-Form Description of Squeezing in Two-Photon Processes -- Microwave Excitation and Ionization of H Atoms at High Scaled Frequencies: Comparisons of Experiments and Theories -- Spectral Changes in Light Propagation
from a Class of Partially Coherent Sources -- Phase-Sensitive Light Amplifiers in Stellar Interferometry -- Using Modulation Response to Determine Dynamical Parameters and Appropriate Models for Single-Mode Lasers -- Squeezed Light and
the Single Atom -- Atomic Coherent States, Phase Transitions and Squeezing from Rydberg Atoms -- Saturation Behavior of Parametric Four-Wave Mixing Due to Two-Photon Interference Effect -- Bistability and Chaos in Counterpropagating
Laser Beams -- Experimental Study of Two-Photon Rabi Oscillations -- Manifestation of Berry’s Phase in Parametric Amplifiers -- Photo-Dynamics of a Single Trapped Three-Level Ion -- Atoms in Cavities -- Optical Correlation Functions
and Squeezing in the Jaynes-Cummings Model -- Higher Order Squeezing of Thermal Radiation through Parametric Amplification -- Some Modal Expansions of Partially Coherent Fields -- Two-Photon Transition Driven by Parametrically
Down-Converted Light: A Linear Intensity Dependence -- Quantum Noise Initiated Mode-Hopping in Semiconductor Lasers -- Measurement of the Effect of Resonant Light Pressure on the Dispersion Curve of a Gas of Two- Level Atoms --
Detection of Decay Processes and Cavity Fields by Means of Quantum-Jump Statistics -- Diffracting Atoms from Evanescent Light Fields -- Production of a (Phase) Random Telegraph Field -- Composite Materials for Nonlinear Optics: Theory
and Experiment -- Test of the Linearity of Quantum Mechanics by RF Spectroscopy of the 9BE+ Ground State -- Gain Noise in Dye Lasers -- Sum and Difference Squeezing -- Excitation of Three-State Atom with Minimum Population of
Intermediate State -- Self-Focusing Limitations on Squeezed State Generation in Two-Level Media -- Observations of Sub-Poisson and Poisson Photon Statistics from the Fluorescence of Individual Barium Atoms -- Enhancement of
Antibunching in Second Harmonic Generation -- Phase-Dependent Lineshape in Multiple Pump-Probe Interactions -- Comparison of Lorenz-Like Laser Behavior with the Lorenz Model -- Atom-Photon Interaction Modified by a Microwave Cavity --
Influence of the Local Oscillator on Homodyne Detection of Squeezed Vacuum -- Sensitivity to Initial Conditions in Classical and Quantum Dynamics -- Quantum Optics of Single, Trapped Ions -- Generation, Detection and Applications of
Sub-Poissonian Light -- The Spectrum of Radiation from a Moving Source of Any State of Coherence -- Intermittency and Chaos in Intracavity Doubled Lasers -- Rectification of the Light Pressure Force Acting on a Three-State Atom --
Optical Second-Harmonic Generation from Jellium. The Collective-Mode Pattern Studied Via the Nonlinear Energy Reflection Coefficient -- Squeezing in Two-Photon Optical Bistability and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing -- Metric-Perturbed
Shifts in Superradiant States -- Optical Second-Harmonic Generation and Rectification in a Superconductor with Cooper-Pairing -- Optical Spectra of a Strongly Coupled System of Atoms in a Cavity Driven by Squeezed Light -- The
Squeezing of Fock and Thermal Field States -- Dissipative Quantum Dynamics in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics -- Scaling of Spontaneous Emission and Intermolecular Interactions in a Dielectric Medium Using Polaritons -- Excited-State
Relaxation Dynamics in a Continuous Wave Dye Laser -- Temporal Instabilities and Chaos in Photorefractive Four-Wave Mixing -- Diagrammatic Methods for Nonlinear Response of a System Dressed by Resonant External Fields -- Spatial
Quantum Fluctuations in Stimulated Raman Scattering -- Field-Matter Interactions in Photonic Bandgaps -- Detection of Squeezed Light by Coherently Superposed Detector States -- Analysis of Super-Gaussian Statistics of N-Harmonic Fields
by Nonlinear Gaussian Expansions -- Transient Squeezing and Time-Dependent Spectra of a Strongly Driven Three-Level Atom Undergoing Quantum Jumps -- Delayed Feedback Acting as Noise to Induce Phase Transitions -- Spectral Analysis for
the Coherence Collapsed Diode Laser -- On the Analogy between Electrons and Light -- Population Trapping Effect for System with Double Autoionizing Levels -- Information Performance for a Binary Channel with Photoncounting Detection --
Heterodyne Spectrum of the Fluorescence from Optical Molasses -- An Infinite Ladder Coupled to a Quantum Mode An Exactly Solvable Quantum Model -- Super-Regenerative Laser Receiver -- Very High Order Harmonic Conversion of an Intense
YAG Laser Radiation in Rare Gases -- Spatially-Localized Two-Particle Interference at a Beam Splitter -- Comparative Study of Various Quasiprobability Distributions in a Two-Photon Correlated-Emission Laser -- Quantum Theory of
Two-Photon Correlated-Spontaneous-Emission Lasers: Exact Atom-Field Interaction Hamiltonian Approach -- Nonlinear Dynamics of Raman Lasers in the Good and Bad Cavity Limit -- A Monte Carlo Study of Superradiance -- Polarization
Dynamics in a Quasi-Isotropic Laser -- Understanding Squeezed States and Their Detection Using the Schrodinger Picture. -- Para-Bose Squeezed States -- Measurements, Dynamics and State Preparation in a Micromaser -- Preparation of
Nonclassical
ISBN:9781461308478
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Electrical engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Electrical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400911932:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spectrophysics
Author(s): Anne P Thorne
Date:1988
Edition:2
Size:1 online resource (380 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-1193-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 The uses of spectroscopy -- 1.2 Scope of this book -- 1.3 The electromagnetic spectrum -- 1.4 Term diagrams and line series -- 1.5 Sources, detectors and dispersers -- 1.6 Survey of spectral regions -- 1.7
Wavelength standards -- 1.8 Units used in this book -- References -- 2 A Summary of atomic structure -- 2.1 Schrödinger’s equation: wave functions -- 2.2 The hydrogen atom: degeneracy and spin -- 2.3 The Pauli exclusion principle and
shell structure -- 2.4 The central field model -- 2.5 Interlude: perturbation theory -- 2.6 Electrostatic interactions: the quantum numbers L and S -- 2.7 Magnetic interactions: the quantum numbers j and J -- 2.8 Radiative transitions
and selection rules -- 2.9 Zeeman and Stark effects -- 2.10 Configuration interaction and auto-ionization -- 2.11 Hyperfine structure and isotope shift -- 2.12 Ionic spectra -- 2.13 Inner shell and X-ray spectra -- References -- 3 A
summary of molecular structure -- 3.1 Interatomic potentials -- 3.2 The Born-Oppenheimer approximation -- 3.3 Electronic energy of diatomic molecules -- 3.4 Vibrational energy of diatomic molecules -- 3.5 Rotational energy of diatomic
molecules -- 3.6 Spectra of diatomic molecules -- 3.7 Transition probabilities for diatomic molecules -- 3.8 Some further points on spectra of diatomic molecules -- 3.9 Remarks on polyatomic molecules -- References -- 4 Light sources
and detectors -- 4.1 Definitions of light flux -- 4.2 Blackbody radiation and sources of continuum -- 4.3 Intensity standards -- 4.4 The excitation of line spectra -- 4.5 The Einstein probability coefficients -- 4.6 The different types
of light source -- 4.7 Traditional sources: flames, arcs, sparks and glow discharges -- 4.8 Special sources -- 4.9 Absorption spectroscopy -- 4.10 General remarks on detectors -- 4.11 Detectors for the infra-red -- 4.12 Detectors for
the visible and ultra-violet -- 4.13 Photographic emulsions -- 4.14 Array detectors -- References -- 5 Dispersion and resolving power: prism spectrographs -- 5.1 General remarks -- 5.2 Dispersion and resolving power -- 5.3 Slit width
-- 5.4 Throughput and illumination -- 5.5 Prism instruments -- 5.6 Deviation and dispersion -- 5.7 Resolving power -- 5.8 Prism materials -- 5.9 Image defects -- 5.10 Merits of prism spectrometers -- References -- 6 Diffraction
gratings -- 6.1 Plane grating: condition for maxima -- 6.2 Intensity distribution from ideal diffraction grating -- 6.3 Dispersion and resolving power -- 6.4 Concave gratings -- 6.5 Grating mountings -- 6.6 Production and
characteristics of gratings -- 6.7 Gratings for special purposes -- References -- 7 Interferometers -- 7.1 Some basic concepts of interferometric spectroscopy -- 7.2 Resolution and throughput -- 7.3 Fabry-Perot interferometers:
intensity distribution -- 7.4 Fabry-Perot interferometers: resolution and limitations -- 7.5 Fabry-Perot interferometers: methods of use -- 7.6 Michelson interferometers and Fourier transform spectroscopy -- 7.7 Fourier transform
spectroscopy: instrument function, resolution, sampling and aliasing -- 7.8 Fourier transform spectroscopy: computing and control -- 7.9 Fourier transform versus grating spectroscopy: a comparison -- References -- 8 Laser spectroscopy
-- 8.1 Introduction to lasers -- 8.2 Types of laser -- 8.3 Optical pumping and saturation -- 8.4 Spectral and temporal resolution -- 8.5 Laser absorption and excitation experiments -- 8.6 Doppler-free spectroscopy -- 8.7 High intensity
effects, cooling and trapping -- References -- 9 Other spectroscopic methods: microwave, radiofrequency, level-crossing and Raman -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Microwave spectroscopy -- 9.3 Microwave spectroscopy of gases: the principal
applications -- 9.4 Magnetic resonance spectroscopy: general considerations -- 9.5 Electron spin and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (ESR and NMR) -- 9.6 Atomic and molecular beam magnetic resonance -- 9.7 Transitions in and
information from beam magnetic resonance -- 9.8 Double resonance and optical pumping experiments -- 9.9 Level-crossing experiments -- 9.10 Raman spectroscopy -- 9.11 Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) -- References -- 10
Width and shape of spectral lines -- 10.1 Line profiles -- 10.2 Natural broadening -- 10.3 Doppler broadening -- 10.4 Introduction to pressure broadening -- 10.5 Pressure broadening: types of perturbation -- 10.6 Pressure broadening:
the impact approximation -- 10.7 Pressure broadening: the quasi-static approximation -- 10.8 Experimental aspects of pressure broadening -- 10.9 Convolution of line profiles: the Voigt profile -- References -- 11 Emission and
absorption of line radiation -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Boltzmann distribution of population and state sum -- 11.3 Einstein coefficients and line strength -- 11.4 Absorption coefficient -- 11.5 Oscillator strength -- 11.6 The f-sum
rule -- 11.7 Optical depth and equivalent width -- 11.8 Curve of growth -- 11.9 Emission lines source function and radiative transfer -- 11.10 f-values in diatomic molecules -- References -- 12 Experimental determination of transition
probabilities and radiative lifetimes -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Remarks on the calculation of transition probabilities -- 12.3 Emission measurements -- 12.4 Absorption and dispersion measurements -- 12.5 Lifetime measurements --
12.6 Combinations of methods -- References -- 13 Elementary plasma spectroscopy -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Debye radius -- 13.3 Plasma oscillations -- 13.4 Energy distribution and dissociation equilibrium -- 13.5 Saha’s equation for
ionization equilibrium -- 13.6 Depression of ionization potential and Inglis-Teller limit -- 13.7 Electron collisional rates -- 13.8 Local thermodynamic equilibrium -- 13.9 Coronal equilibrium and ionization equilibrium -- 13.10
Continuous emission and absorption -- 13.11 The continuous absorption cross-section -- 13.12 The continuous emission -- 13.13 Other continua -- 13.14 Applications of plasma spectroscopy -- 13.15 Spectroscopic measurement of temperature
-- 13.16 Spectroscopic determination of electron density -- References
ISBN:9789400911932
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642826023:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excitonic Processes in Solids
Author(s): Masayasu Ueta
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (530 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82602-3
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 The Ground State of Many-Body Systems and the Modes of Excitation -- 1.2 Electronic Excitation in Insulators and the Wannier-Mott Exciton -- 1.3 The Frenkel Exciton -- 1.4 The General Case -- 1.5 Optical
Absorption Spectra -- 1.6 The Polariton and Spatial Dispersion -- 1.7 Scope of the Present Book -- 2. Theoretical Aspects of Excitonic Molecules -- 2.1 Fission and Fusion of Excitons vs. Chemical Reaction into Excitonic Molecules --
2.2 The Excitonic Molecule and Electron-Hole Liquid -- 2.3 Optical Response of an Excitonic Molecule -- 2.4 Coherent Optical Phenomena Due to the Excitonic Molecule -- 2.5 The Excitonic Molecule at High Densities -- 3. The Exciton and
Excitonic Molecule in Cuprous Halides -- 3.1 Band Structure and Excitonic States -- 3.2 Exciton Absorption, Reflection, and Emission Spectra -- 3.3 High-Density Excitation Effects -- 3.4 Giant Two-Photon Excitation of the Excitonic
Molecule -- 3.5 Two-Photon Resonant Raman Scattering Via the Excitonic Molecule -- 3.6 Acoustic-Phonon Interaction of the Excitonic Molecule -- 3.7 Coexistence of Luminescence and Raman Components in the Resonant Excitation -- 3.8
Redistribution of Excitonic Molecules Resonantly Generated by Two-Photon Excitation -- 3.9 Relaxation of the Excitonic Molecule Due to Intermolecular Collisions: Influence on the GTA and Secondary Emissions -- 3.10 Spatial Dispersion
of the Exciton and Excitonic Molecule -- 3.11 Higher Excited States of the Excitonic Molecule -- 4. Theory of Excitons in Phonon Fields -- 4.1 Electron-Phonon Interactions -- 4.2 The Exciton in Spatially Fluctuating Fields -- 4.3
Phonon Structures in Exciton Spectra -- 4.4 Self-Trapping -- 4.5 Electron-Hole Recombination -- 4.6 Excitonic Instability and Phase Changes -- 5. Excitons in Condensed Rare Gases -- 5.1 Electronic Structure of Condensed Rare Gases --
5.2 Charge Carriers in Condensed Rare Gases -- 5.3 Excitons and Exciton-Phonon Interactions in Condensed Rare Gases -- 6. Exciton-Phonon Processes in Silver Halides -- 6.1 Electronic and Lattice Properties of Silver Halides -- 6.2
Excitons and Exciton-Phonon Interactions in Silver Halides -- 6.3 Relaxation Processes of Photo-Excited States in Silver and Alkali Halides -- 6.4 Localized Electrons and Holes in Silver Halides -- 7. Excitons and Their Interactions
with Phonons and External Fields in Thallous Halides -- 7.1 Band Structures and Exciton States of Thallous Halides -- 7.2 Optical Spectra of Thallous Halides -- 7.3 Resonant Raman Scattering by Excitons in Thallous Halides -- 7.4
Excitons and Induced Self-Trapping in Mixed Crystals of Thallous Halides -- 7.5 Excitons in Thallous Halides in External Fields -- 8. Photocarrier Motion in Ionic Crystals -- 8.1 Photocurrent and Measurement -- 8.2 Measurements of
Carrier Mobility and Cyclotron Resonance in Insulating Photoconductors -- 8.3 Polaron and Mobility -- 8.4 Magnetoconductivity -- 8.5 Polarons with High Energy -- 9. Excitons and Phonon Couplings in Quasi-One-Dimensional Crystals -- 9.1
Halogen-Bridged Mixed-Valence Chain Compounds -- 9.2 Polyacetylene -- 9.3 Mixed Stacked Donor-Acceptor Charge Transfer Complexes -- 9.4 Segregated Stacked Donor-Acceptor Charge Transfer Complexes -- References
ISBN:9783642826023
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 60
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642475412:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time-Resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, Emil-Warburg-Symposium, Bayreuth-Bischofsgrün, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 3–7, 1985
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (304 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-47541-2
Contents:I Techniques and Instrumentation -- Energy-Partitioning Measurements in O(1D2) Reactions Time-Resolved Fourier Transform Infrared Emission Spectroscopy -- High-Resolution Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy with Ultrashort Laser
Pulses -- Picosecond Transient Raman Spectroscopy Using the High Repetition Rate, Amplified, Synchronously Pumped Dye Laser -- Pulsed Multichannel Raman Technique -- Fluorescence Rejection in Raman Spectroscopy -- Measurement of the
Third-Order Electronic Susceptibility of GaP by Picosecond CARS Spectroscopy -- Polarization Effects of Time-Resolved Coherent Raman Scattering in Liquids -- II Vibrational Dynamics of Molecules -- Ultrafast Intramolecular Vibrational
Redistribution and Intermolecular Energy Dissipation of Polyatomic Molecules in Solution -- Time-Resolved Observation of Vibration ally Highly Excited Polyatomic Molecules -- Time-Resolved Raman Spectroscopy of Highly Excited
Vibrational States of Polyatomic Molecules -- Transient Vibrational Excitation of Dye Molecules in a Solid Polymer Matrix -- Ultrafast Vibronic Dynamics of Dye Molecules Studied by the Induced Grating Method -- Vibrational Fluorescence
from Matrix-Isolated CO and NO Pumped with a Color Center Laser -- Vibrational Energy Decay of Surface Adsorbates -- Vibrational Energy Relaxation of Hydrogen Chloride in Liquid and Solid Xenon -- Ultrafast IR Spectroscopy Studying
Nearly-Free Induction Decay -- Dephasing in Liquid N2 and in Binary Mixtures of N2 with Liquid Argon -- High Pressure Brillouin Scattering on Liquid Carbon Tetrachloride and Benzene -- III Vibrational Dynamics in Solids -- Vibrational
Energy Relaxation in Solid Benzene -- Time-Resolved Raman Spectroscopy of Laser-Heated Semiconductors -- Picosecond Vibrational Dynamics of Hydrogen Bonded Solids: Phonons and Optical Damage -- Time-Resolved Two-Color Optical Coherence
Experiments -- High Sensitivity Time-Resolved Study of the Coherence and Parametric Instabilities of Two-Phonon States -- Two-Phonon Bound States in Molecular Crystals -- IV Photochemical Reactions -- Resonance Raman Studies of
Transient Intermediates in Photoreactions of Anthraquinone and Flavone Species -- Resonance Raman Spectra and Assignments of Deuterated Stilbene Anion and Cation Radicals -- Application of Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy to
Some Organic Photochemical Processes in Solution -- Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Studies of Photoenolization of ortho-Alkyl Substituted Benzophenones -- Resonance CARS Spectra of Metastable Merocyanines Produced by UV-Photolysis of
Spirooxazines -- Photoisomerization of Stilbene and 1,4-Diphenylbutadiene in Compressed Gases and Liquids — Density-Dependent Solvent Shift and Transport Contributions -- V Transient Species -- Advantages of Resonance CARS for the
Study of Short-Living Radicals and Photoisomers -- Resonance CARS Study of ?, ?-Diphenylpolyenes in the Electronic Excited States -- Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Studies of Electronic Excitations -- Excited States of Polyenes Studied
Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy -- Resonance Raman Spectra of the Triplet States and Anion Radicals of Trans-Nitrostilbenes -- Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of Transient Species in the Pulse Radiolytic Oxidation of Aqueous
Aniline -- Intramolecular Kinetics of Vibrationally Excited Singlet and Triplet States in Some Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- In Situ Raman Studies of Homopolymerisation and Copolymerisation Reactions -- Time-Resolved Spontaneous Raman
Scattering Chrysene in S1 and Incoherent CARS for T2 Measurement -- VI Biological Systems -- How Protein Structure Controls Oxygen Dissociation in Haemoglobin: Implications of Picosecond Transient Raman Studies -- Resonance Raman
Spectra of Reaction Intermediates of Herne Enzymes -- Herne-Linked Ionization of Horseradish Peroxidase Compound II Monitored by Changes in the Fe(IV)=0 Resonance Raman Frequency -- Resonance Raman Studies of Transient States in
Bacterial Reaction Centers -- Energy-Transfer Between Dimeric Chlorophyll ? and All-Trans ?-Carotene in vitro as Resolved by Fluorescence Photoquenching -- Using Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy to Map the Reaction Pathway
for Enzyme-Substrate Transients -- UV, IR, and Raman Spectroscopic Tracings of the B?Z Transitions of Poly[d(GC)]·poly[d(GC)] -- Kinetic Studies on Bacteriorhodopsin Resonance Raman Spectroscopy -- Resonance Raman Study on the Role of
Water in Bacteriorhodopsin -- Picosecond and Nanosecond Resonance Raman Evidence for Structural Relaxation in Bacteriorhodopsin’s Primary Photoproduct -- Picosecond Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of Bacteriorhodopsin
Intermediates -- Evidence from FTIR-Measurements for a Separation of the Protonated Schiff Base from the Counterion into a Less Polar Environment -- Time-Resolved Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to Photobiological Systems -- VII
Theoretical Aspects -- Electrontransfer and Vibrational Relaxation in Bridged Donor-Acceptor Systems -- Theory of Luminescence in the Three-Level System with Extension to the Multistate Problem by Transform Methods -- Application of
Time-Dependent Raman Theory to the Analysis of Inorganic Photosystems -- Time-Dependent Quantum Dynamics of the Picosecond Vibrational IR-Excitation of Polyatomic Molecules -- Decay Law in Conformational Relaxation -- Stochastic Theory
of Vibrational Dephasing and Transient CARS Lineshapes -- On the Lineshape of Molecular Aggregate Spectra -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642475412
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 4
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9789400978522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Study of Fast Processes and Transient Species by Electron Pulse Radiolysis Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Capri, Italy, 7–18 September, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (660 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7852-2
Contents:Absorption of Energy From Ionizing Radiation -- 1. X-rays and ?-rays -- (a) Photoelectric effect -- (b) Compton effect -- (c) Pair production -- 2. Electrons -- (a) Excitation and ionisation of molecules -- (b) Emission of radiation
-- (c) Electron range -- (d) Low energy electrons -- 3. Heavy Positive Particles -- (a) High energy -- (b) Low energy -- 4. Neutrons -- References -- Basics of Radiation Chemistry -- Spacial Distribution and Reaction Kinetics -- 1.
Charge Particle Tracks and Track Densities -- 2. Spur Reactions -- 3. Non-Homogeneous Kinetics -- Time Scale of Events in a Liquid -- 1. Development -- 2. Summary of Time Scale -- References -- Sources of Pulsed Radiation -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Types of Pulsed Radiation Sources -- 2.1. Microwave linear accelerators -- 2.2. Febetrons -- 2.3. Other sources of pulsed radiation -- 3. Physical Dosimetry for Pulses Sources -- References -- Chemical Dosimetry of
Pulsed Electron and X-Ray Sources in the 1-20 MeV Range -- 1.1. Units of Absorbed Dose -- 1.2. Units of Radiation Chemical Yield -- 2.1. Principles of Chemical Dosimetry -- 2.2. The Ferrous Sulphate or Fricke Dosimeter -- 2.3. The
“Super Fricke Dosimeter” -- 2.4. Other Dosimeters Suitable for High Intensity Pulsed Sources -- 3.1. Dosimetry by the Measurement of Fugitive Species -- 3.2. Sources of Error -- 1. Correction due to pulse duration -- 2. Correction for
response time of system -- 3.3. The Thiocyanate Dosimeter -- 3.4. The Hydrated Electron Dosimeter -- 3.5. The Ferrocyanide Dosimeter -- References -- Optical Monitoring Techniques -- 1. General Considerations -- 2. Optical Systems --
2.1. Lenses -- 2.2. Mirrors -- 2.3. Light-Sources -- 2.4. Monochromators -- 3. Monitoring Techniques -- 3.1. Photodetectors -- 3.2. Photomultipliers -- 3.3. Photodiodes -- 3.4. Detector circuits -- References -- Conductivity Monitoring
Techniques -- Electrical Principles -- Limitations -- Experimental Set-ups -- Chemical Examples -- Conclusion -- References -- Polarography Monitoring Techniques -- Experimental Section -- Examples -- Conclusion -- References -- The
Microwave Absorption Technique For Studying Ions and Ionic Processes -- Experimental -- General -- Circuit components -- Irradiation cells -- Irradiation conditions -- Data Reduction -- Reflection cell -- Resonant cavity cell -- The
yield-mobility product -- Application and Comparison with other Techniques -- References -- EPR and NMR Detection of Transient Radicals and Reaction Products -- Time Resolved EPR -- Pulsed EPR -- Time resolved spectra -- Time sweep --
Free induction decay -- NMR in Radiation Chemistry -- References -- Radical Ions and Excited States in Radiolysis. Optically Detected Time Resolved EPR -- Method, Results and Discussion -- References -- Light Scattering Techniques for
Investigation of Transients Produced in Electron Pulse Radiolysis -- Rayleigh Scattering -- Raman Scattering -- Background -- Origin of resonance enhancement -- Experimental -- Pulse radiolysis and TR3 detection -- Current activity --
References -- Data Acquisition and Analysis in Pulse Radiolysis Part is Control, Digitization, and Analysis -- 1.0. Introduction -- 2.0. Timing and Control -- 3.0. Digitisation of the Transient Signal -- 3.1. Oscilloscopes -- 3.2.
Electronic digitiser -- 3.3. Diode matrix technique -- 3.4. Streak cameras -- 3.5. Pulse-probe technique -- 3.6. Counting methods -- 3.7. Computer as digitiser -- 4.0. Data Processing and Analysis -- 4.1. Initial data processing --
4.2. Simple linear fitting -- 4.3. Iterative linear regression -- 4.4. Direct solution of kinetic equations -- 4.5. Deconvolution -- 4.6. Statistical considerations -- 5.0. Conclusion -- References -- Data Acquisition and Analysis in
Pulse Radiolysis Part II: Computerization -- 1.0. Introduction -- 2.0. Historical Survey -- 2.1. The computer revolution -- 2.2. Computers in pulse radiolysis -- 3.0. Techniques of Laboratory Computerisation -- 3.1. Computer hardware
-- Minicomputers -- Microcomputers -- 3.2. Hardware Interfacing -- Camac -- GPIB -- S-100 Bus -- Ethernet -- 3.3. Operating systems -- 3.4. Programming languages -- 4.0. Some General Aspects of Design and Implementation -- 4.1.
Flexibility -- 4.2. Ease of use -- 4.3. Manual control option -- 4.4. How much computerisation? -- 5.0. Conclusion -- References -- Rapid Techniques for Correcting Nanosecond Kinetic Traces for Convolution Error -- 1.0. Introduction --
2.0. Separation of the Convolution Integral -- 3.0. Model Excitation Response Function -- 4.0. Discussion -- 5.0. Examples -- 6.0. Conclusion -- References -- Basic Radiation Chemistry of Liquid Water -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Primary
Events -- 3. Experimental Evidence for Spurs -- 4. Yields of the Primary Species -- 4.1. Yields in neutral solution -- 4.2. Dependence on pH -- 5. Initial Yields -- 6. Properties of the Primary Radicals -- 6.1. Hydrated electron --
6.2. Hydrogen atom -- 6.3. Hydroxy1 radical -- 6.4. Perhydroxyl radical -- 7. Water Radiolysis as a Chemical Tool -- 7.1. Oxidising conditions -- 7.2. Reducing conditions -- 8. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Applications of Water
Radiolysis in Inorganic Chemistry -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inorganic Free Radicals -- 3. Non-metallic Compounds -- 3.1. Oxyhalogen ions -- 3.2. Borohydride ion -- 4. Aquo-metal Ions in Unusual Oxidation States -- 5. Lanthanides and
Actinides -- 6. Transition Metal Complexes -- 6.1. Electron transfer -- 6.2. Coordinated free radicals -- 6.3. Aquation of transition metal complexes -- 6.4. Change in symmetry -- 7. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Application of
Pulse Radiolysis to the Study of Aqueous Organic Systems -- Reactions of OH, e-aq and H -- Hydroxyl radicals -- Hydrated electrons -- Hydrogen atoms -- Design of Experiments -- Radicals formed from OH reactions -- Radicals formed from
e-aq reactions -- Radicals formed from H reactions -- Acid-base properties -- Errors -- Free Radicals Formed from Organic Compounds -- Hydrocarbons -- Halides -- Alcohol and carbonyl compounds -- Sulphur compounds -- References --
Application of Pulse Radiolysis to the Study of Molecules of Biological Importance -- One Electron Reduction Potentials -- Quinones -- Carbohydrates -- Amino Acids and Peptides -- Pyridine Compounds -- Flavins -- Haem and Haemoproteins
-- Vitamin B12 -- Excited States -- References -- Structure and Dynamics of Paramagnetic Transients By Pulsed EPR and NMR Detection of Nuclear Resonance -- Time Resolved EPR -- NMR Detection of Nuclear Resonance -- CIDNP and CIDEP
Contributions -- References -- Transients in Low Temperature Aqueous Glasses -- 1. The Glassy State -- 2. Techniques Used in Matrix Isolation Studies -- Recombination Luminescences -- Electro Luminescences -- 3. Radiation Chemistry in
Glassy Matrices -- 4. Examples of Aqueous Glasses -- 4.1. Pure ice -- 4.2. Acid glasses -- 4.3. Alkaline glasses -- 4.4. Salt glasses -- 4.5. Ethylene glycol-water glasses -- 5. The Fate of Trapped Electrons -- 6. Conclusion --
References -- Labile Species and Fast Processes in Liquid Alcohol Radiolysis -- Overall Reaction -- Major products -- Minor products -- Non-homogeneous Kinetics and Fast Processes -- Decomposition of e-s -- References -- Labile Species
and Fast Processes in Liquid Alkanes -- Ionic Species -- Free ion yields -- Ions in spurs -- Kinetics -- Free Radicals -- Yields -- Reactions -- Excited States -- Yields -- References -- The Dynamics of Electrons and Ions in Non-Polar
Liquids -- Historical perspective -- Ionisation -- Recombination and Escape -- Correlated ion pair kinetics -- The free ion yield -- Homogeneous ion recombination -- Mobilities -- General -- Electrons -- Solvent-radical cations --
Solvent-radical anions -- Molecular ions -- Scavenging Yields -- References -- Molecular Excited States in Liquid Systems -- Primary Events during Fast Electron Bombardment -- Contribution of Pulse Radiolysis -- References --
Radiolytic Studies of Micelles and Other Aggregated Systems -- Cell Membranes -- Micelles -- Reverse Micelles -- Liposomes and Vesicles -- The Hydrated Electron -- The Hydroxy1 Radical -- Reduction of Dimensionality -- Electron
Transfer Reactions -- Binding of Proteins to Vesicle Bilayers -- References -- Transients in Low Temperature Organic Glasses -- 1. Different Types of Organic Glasses -- 2. Properties of Trapped Electrons -- 2.1. The trapping process --
2.2. Structure of trapped electrons -- 3. Reactions of Trapped Electrons -- 3.1. Reaction with scavengers -- 3.2. Reaction with cations -- 4. Cation Radicals -- References -- The Use of Pulse Radiolysis to Study Transient Species in
the Gas Phase -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Excited States -- 2.1. Pure rare gases -- 2.2. Rare gases containing additives -- 3. Charged Species -- 3.1. Recombination -- 3.2. Ion-molecule reactions -- 3.3. Electron capture -- 4. Atoms and
Radicals -- References -- Index of Subjects
ISBN:9789400978522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 86
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear chemistry , Chemistry , Nuclear Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9783642474958:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces IV
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (496 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-47495-8
Contents:1. Development of Photoemission as a Tool for Surface Science: 1900–1980 -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Einstein Era: 1900–1930 -- 1.3 The Period of Misguided Quantum Mechanics: 1930–1945 -- 1.4 The Development of the Correct
Fundamental Understanding of the Photoemission Process: 1945–1960 -- 1.5 The Development of Photoemission Spectroscopy: 1960–1970 -- 1.6 The Explosive Era in Which Photoemission Spectroscopy Was Successfully Applied to the Study of
Surfaces: 1970–1980 -- 1.7 Conclusions -- References -- 2. Auger Spectroscopy as a Probe of Valence Bonds and Bands -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Lineshape Description — One-Electron Model -- 2.2.1 Atomic Auger Matrix Elements -- 2.2.2
Local or Mulliken Populations -- 2.3 Localization -- 2.4 Screening -- 2.5 Outlook -- 2.5.1 ESD/PSD -- 2.5.2 AES in the Gas Phase and Chemisorbed Systems -- 2.5.3 AES in the Bulk and at Interfaces -- 2.6 Summary -- References -- 3. SIMS
of Reactive Surfaces -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Single Crystal Metal Surfaces -- 3.2.1 Characteristics of SIMS -- 3.2.2 CO and O2 on Ru{001} -- 3.2.3 Classical Dynamics Modelling -- 3.2.4 Structure from Angle Dependence -- 3.2.5
Reactive Intermediates -- 3.3 Molecular SIMS -- 3.3.1 SIMS of Molecular Solids -- 3.3.2 Thiophene on Silver -- 3.3.3 Inorganic Complexes -- 3.4 Complex Surfaces -- 3.4.1 Proximity -- 3.4.2 Prospects for Catalysis -- 3.5 Conclusions --
References -- 4. Chemisorption Investigated by Ellipsometry -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Principles of Ellipsometry -- 4.3 (Sub)Monolayer Models -- 4.4 Clean Metal Surfaces -- 4.5 Spectroscopic Ellipsometry of Overlayers -- 4.6 Kinetic
Studies of Chemisorption -- 4.6.1 Coverage Calibration -- 4.6.2 Initial Stages of Oxidation -- 4.6.3 Reactions of Adsorbed Oxygen -- References -- 5. The Implications for Surface Science of Doppler-Shift Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy
-- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Charge Transfer Processes at Surfaces -- 5.3 Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopic Measurements of Fluxes and Energy Distributions of Sputtered Particles -- References -- 6. Analytical Electron Microscopy in
Surface Science -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Analytical Electron Microscopy Techniques -- 6.3 Scanning Electron Microscopy of Surfaces -- 6.4 Surface Spectroscopies and Microscopy -- 6.4.1 Auger Electron Spectroscopy and Microscopy --
6.4.2 Secondary Electron Spectroscopy and Work Function Imaging -- 6.4.3 Photoemission and Energy-Loss Spectroscopy -- 6.5 Diffraction Techniques and Microscopy -- 6.5.1 Transmission Electron Diffraction and Microscopy -- 6.5.2 RHEED
and Reflection Microscopy -- 6.5.3 LEED and Low-Energy Microscopy -- References -- 7. He Diffraction as a Probe of Semiconductor Surface Structures -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Si{100}: Disordered Dimer Array -- 7.2.1 Si{100} Periodicity
-- 7.2.2 Diffraction Scans and Qualitative Features of the Si{100} Surface -- 7.2.3 Specular Intensities -- 7.2.4 Structural Models for Si{100} -- 7.3 GaAs {110} -- 7.3.1 Diffraction Scans -- 7.3.2 Specular Intensity Scans -- 7.3.3
Rigorous Calculation of Diffraction Intensities -- 7.3.4 The Original of the He/GaAs Potential -- 7.3.5 Computation of Rarified Charge Densities -- 7.3.6 Summary -- 7.4 Si{111} (7×7) -- 7.4.1 Diffraction Scans -- 7.4.2 Specular
Intensity Interference -- 7.4.3 A Model of the Si{111} (7×7) -- 7.4.4 Summary -- References -- 8. Studies of Adsorption at Well-Ordered Electrode Surfaces Using Low-Energy Electron Diffraction -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Thermodynamics
of Electrodeposition -- 8.3 Experimental Methods -- 8.4 Underpotential States of Hydrogen on Pt -- 8.4.1 Isotherms for Hydrogen on {111} and {100} Pt -- 8.4.2 Hydrogen at Stepped Surfaces -- 8.5 Underpotential States of Oxygen on Pt --
8.6 Underpotential States of Metals on Metals -- 8.7 Relation of the Underpotential State to the Chemisorbed State in Vacuum -- References -- 9. Low-Energy Electron Diffraction Studies of Physically Adsorbed Films -- 9.1 Introduction
-- 9.2 Background -- 9.3 LEED Instrument -- 9.4 Krypton on Graphite -- 9.5 Arçon on Graphite -- 9.5.1 Rotational Epitaxy of an Incommensurate Monolayer -- 9.5.2 Thermodynamics of an Incommensurate Monolayer -- 9.5.3 Overlayer-Substrate
Spacing for an Incommensurate Monolayer -- 9.6 Nitrogen on Graphite -- 9.7 Conclusions -- References -- 10. Monte Carlo Simulations of Chemisorbed Overlayers -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Motivation for Monte Carlo Simulation of Surface
Systems -- 10.2.1 Introduction to the Monte Carlo Method -- 10.2.2 Results Obtainable via Monte Carlo -- 10.2.3. Comparison to Other Methods for Treating Statistical Systems -- 10.3 Monte Carlo Methods for Lattice Gases P -- 10.3.1
Simulation Mode -- 10.3.2 Microscopic Dynamics -- 10.3.3 Order of Transitions -- 10.4 Monto Carlo Simulation Results -- 10.4.1 Square Lattice Simulations -- 10.4.2 Rectangular Lattice Simulations -- 10.4.3 Triangular Lattice
Simulations -- 10.4.4 Hexagonal Lattice Simulations -- 10.5 Summary and Discussion -- References -- 11. Critical Phenomena of Chemisorbed Overlayers -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Important Concepts -- 11.2.1 Lattice Gas Model -- 11.2.2
Critical Exponents and Scaling Laws -- 11.2.3 Corrections to Scaling -- 11.2.4 Crossover Phenomena [11.22] -- 11.2.5 Fisher Renormalization -- 11.3 Universality Classes for Atoms on a 2-d Lattice -- 11.3.1 Order Parameters P -- 11.3.2
Universality Classes -- 11.3.3 Landau Theory for Adlayers -- 11.3.4 Catalogue of Transitions -- 11.3.5 Percolation -- 11.4 LEED on Single Crystal Faces -- 11.4.1 Measurement of Exponents -- 11.4.2 Surface Defects -- 11.5 Case Study:
0/Ni{111} -- 11.6 Conclusions and Exhortations -- References -- 12. Structural Defects in Surfaces and Overlayers -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 The Effect of Defects on the Intensity Distribution in Reciprocal Space -- 12.3 Surface
Defect Studies Using Low-Energy Electron Diffraction -- 12.4 Surface Defect Studies by Alternative Diffraction Techniques -- 12.5 Summary -- References -- 13. Some Theoretical Aspects of Metal Clusters, Surfaces, and Chemisorption --
13.1 Intrinsic Properties of Metal Clusters -- 13.1.1 Cluster Density of States -- 13.1.2 Cluster Magnetism -- 13.2 The Interaction of CO with Cu Clusters -- 13.2.1 Cu9C0 Calculations -- 13.2.2 Discussion of Core Level Spectra --
References -- 14. The Inelastic Scattering of Low-Energy Electrons by Surface Excitations Basic Mechanisms -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Small-Angle Dipole Scattering -- 14.3 Inelastic Electron Scattering from Surfaces with Large
Deflection Angles The Scattering by Dipole-Inactive Surface Vibrations -- References -- 15. Electronic Aspects of Adsorption Rates -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 The Energy Distribution Function -- 15.3 Derivation of a Boson Formalism --
15.4 General Features of the Energy Distribution Function -- 15.5 Stochastic Description of the Sticking Process -- 15.6 Quantum-Mechanical Treatment of the Adsorbate Motion -- 15.7 Summary -- Appendix A -- References -- 16. Thermal
Desorption -- 16.1 Introduction -- 16.2 Critical Examination of the Usual Procedures -- 16.2.1 Short Description -- 16.2.2 Critique -- 16.3 Experimental Difficulties and Advances -- 16.4 Some Results and Discussion -- 16.5 Conclusions
-- References -- 17. Field Desorption and Photon-Induced Field Desorption -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 Field Desorption and Thermal Desorption -- 17.3 Investigations in the Field Ion Microscope -- 17.4 Surface Reactions Investigated by
Field Pulse Techniques and Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry -- 17.5 Field Ion Appearance Spectroscopy -- 17.6 Electron-Stimulated Field Desorption -- 17.7 Photon-Induced Field Desorption -- 17.7.1 Instrumental Development -- 17.7.2
Electronic Excitation of Adparticles -- 17.7.3 Thermal Activation of Adparticles -- 17.7.4 Surface Diffusion -- 17.7.5 Formation of Complex Ions and Cluster Ions -- 17.8 Summary -- References -- 18. Segregation and Ordering at Alloy
Surfaces Studied by Low-Energy Ion Scattering -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 Principles of Surface Segregation -- 18.2.1 General Remarks -- 18.2.2 Regular Solution Theory -- 18.2.3 Influence of Atom Size Difference -- 18.2.4 Miedema’s
Model -- 18.2.5 Bulk-Phase Diagram Rule -- 18.2.6 Long-Range Order and Segregation -- 18.3 Surface Composition Analysis -- 18.3.1 Low-Energy Ion Scattering -- 18.4 Experimental Results — LEIS -- 18.4.1 Polycrystalline Alloy Surfaces --
18.4.2 Single Crystal Surfaces -- 18.5 Conclusions -- References -- 19. The Effects of Internal Surface Chemistry on Metallurgical Properties -- 19.1 Introduction -- 19.2 Segregation to Solid-Solid Interfaces -- 19.2.1 Grain Boundaries
-- 19.2.2 Particle-Matrix Interfaces -- 19.2.3 Comparison with Surface Segregation -- 19.3 Applications -- 19.3.1 Temper Embrittlement of Steels -- 19.3.2 Ductile Fracture -- 19.3.3 Sensitization of Austenitic Stainless Steels --
19.3.4 Grain Growth -- 19.4 Summary -- References
ISBN:9783642474958
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Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics: 20
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1976-9781461588764:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Beam Surface Layer Analysis Volume 1
Author(s):
Date:1976
Size:1 online resource (494 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-8876-4
Contents:of Volume 1 -- I. Energy Loss and Straggling -- The Treatment of Energy-Loss Fluctuations in Surface-Layer Analysis by Ion Beams -- Evidence of Solid State Effects in the Energy Loss of 4He Ions in Matter -- Empirical Stopping Cross
Sections for 4He Ions -- Determination of Stopping Cross Sections by Rutherford Backscattering -- Depth Profiling of Implanted 3He in Solids by Nuclear Reaction and Rutherford Backscattering -- Energy Loss Straggling of Protons in
Thick Absorbers -- Energy Dependence of Proton Straggling in Carbon -- Energy Straggling of 4He Ions in Al and Cu in the Backscattering Geometry -- Energy Spreading Calculations and Consequences -- Analysis of Nuclear Scattering Cross
Sections by Means of Molecular Ions -- II. Backscattering Analysis -- Determining Concentration vs. Depth Profiles from Backscattering Spectra without Using Energy Loss Values -- Comparative Analysis of Surface Layers by Backscattering
and by Auger Electron Spectroscopy -- Analyzing the Formation of a Thin Compound Film by Taking Moments on Backscattering Spectra -- Computer Analysis of Nuclear Backscattering -- Some Practical Aspects of Depth Profiling Gases in
Metals by Proton Backscattering: Application to Helium and Hydrogen Isotopes -- Depth Profiling of Deuterium and Helium in Metals by Elastic Proton Scattering: A Measurement of the Enhancement of the Elastic Scattering Cross Section
over Rutherford Scattering Cross Section -- Near-Surface Investigation by Backscattering of N+ Ions and Grazing Angle Beam Incidence -- The Application of Low Angle Rutherford Backscattering to Surface Layer Analysis -- Measurement of
Projected and Lateral Range Parameters for Low Energy Heavy Ions in Silicon by Rutherford Backscattering -- Range Parameters of Heavy Ions in Silicon and Germanium with Reduced Energies from 0.001 ? ? ? 10 -- On Problems of Resolving
Power in Rutherford Backscattering -- Studies of Surface Contaminations, Composition and Formation of Superconducting Layers of V, Nb3Sn and of Tunneling Elements Using High Energetic Protons Combined with Heavy Ions -- Determination
of Implanted Carbon Profiles in NbC Single Crystals from Random Backscattering Spectra -- Pore Size from Resonant Charged Particle Backscattering -- Measurement of Thermal Diffusion Profiles of Gold Electrodes on Amorphous
Semiconductor Devices by Deconvolution of Ion Backscattering Spectra -- Enhanced Sensitivity of Oxygen Detection by the 3.05 MeV (?,?) Plastic Scattering -- Progress Report on the Backscattering Standards Project (Abstract) -- III.
Applications of Backscattering and Combined Techniques -- Ion Beam Studies of Thin Films and Interfacial Reactions -- Studies of Tantalum Nitride Thin Film Resistors -- Investigation of CVD Tungsten Metallizations on Silicon by
Backscattering -- Ion Beam Analysis of Aluminium Profiles in Heteroepitaxial Ga1-xAlxAs-Layers -- Analysis of Ga1-xA1xAs-GaAs Heteroepitaxial Layers by Proton Backscattering -- Interdiffusion Kinetics in Thin Film Couples --
Backscattering and T.E.M. Studies of Grain Boundary Diffusion in Thin Metal Films -- The Analysis of Nickel and Chromium Migration Through Gold Layers -- Applications of Ion Beam Analysis to Insulators -- Lithium Ion Backscattering as
a Novel Tool for the Charac terization of Oxidized Phases of Aluminum Obtained from Industrial Anodization Procedures -- Investigation of an Amino Suger-Like Compound from the Cell Walls of Bacteria Using Backscattering of MeV
Particles -- IV. Equipment -- Versatile Apparatus for Real-Time Profiling of Interacting Thin Films Deposited in Situ -- Application of a High-Resolution Magnetic Spectrometer to Near-Surface Materials Analysis -- Rutherford
Backscattering Analysis with Very High Depth Resolution Using an Electrostatic Analysing System -- An Apparatus for the Study of Ion and Photon Emission from Ion Bombarded Surfaces: I. Some Preliminary Results -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461588764
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Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9781468421033:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (397 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2103-3
Contents:Session I — Introduction Density Measurements Session Chairman -- Laser Raman Scattering Applications -- Analysis of Raman Contours in Vibration-Rotation Spectra -- Measurement of Aircraft Turbine Engine Exhaust Emissions -- The Use
of a Fabry-Perot Interferometer for Studying Rotational Raman Spectra of Gases -- Gas Concentration Measurement by Coherent Raman Anti-Stokes Scattering -- Session II — Temperature Measurements Chemistry Session Chairman -- Flame
Temperatures from Vibrational Raman Scattering -- Measurement of Vibrational and Rotational-Translational Temperatures Independently from Pure Rotational Raman Spectra -- Raman Scattering and Fluorescence Studies of Flames --
Measurement of Rotational Temperatures by Raman Spectroscopy: Application of Raman Spectroscopy to the Acquisition of Thermodynamic Values in a Chemical System -- Transient Flow Field Temperature Profile Measurement Using Rotational
Raman Spectroscopy -- Low Temperature Measurements by Rotational Raman Scattering -- Session III — Resonance Effects Remote Probes Experimental Advances Session Chairman -- Light-Scattering and Fluorescence in the Approach to Resonance
— Stronger Probing Processes -- Observation of S-Band Heads in the Resonance Raman Spectrum of Iodine Vapor -- Remote Raman Scattering Probes -- Rapid and Ultra Rapid Raman Spectroscopy -- Electronic Signal Processing for Raman
Scattering Measurements -- Session IV — Technology Applications Session Chairman -- Introductory Remarks for Session on Technological Applications of Raman Scattering, with Emphasis on Fluid Mechanics and Combustion -- Laser Raman
Scattering — A Technique for Arc-Tunnel Flow Calibration -- Results of Recent Applications of Raman Scattering to Research Problems at NASA Langley Research Center -- Raman Scattering Measurements of Mean Values and Fluctuations in
Fluid Mechanics -- Raman Gas Mixing Measurements and Ramanography -- Raman Scattering with High Gain Multiple-Pass Cells -- Preliminary Results of Raman Scattering Diagnostics of Expansion Flows -- Study of Reactions Producing
Vibrationally-Excited Nitrogen -- Application of Raman Scattering to Gasdynamic Flows -- Remote Raman Temperature Measurement with a Dye Laser -- Raman Spectroscopy of Some Hydrocarbons and Freons in the Gas Phase -- The Possible
Application of Raman Scattering Measurements to Turbulent Mixing Layers -- Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy -- List of Attendees -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468421033
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781468478020:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Investigations in Nonlinear Optics and Hyperacoustics
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (164 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-7802-0
Contents:Spectra of the Thermal and Stimulated Scattering of Light in the Wing of the Rayleigh Line -- I. Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of the Spectra of the Thermal and Stimulated Scattering of Light -- II. Apparatus and Methods
Used in Investigations of the Spectra of the Thermal and Stimulated Scattering of Light -- III. Results of Investigations of the Spectrum of Light Scattered by Anisotropy Fluctuations in Liquids -- IV. Results of an Investigation of
the Stimulated Molecular Scattering of Light -- Literature Cited -- Light Scattering Studies of the Propagation of Longitudinal and Transverse Hypersonic Waves in Liquids -- I. Some Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of the
Molecular Scattering of Light in Liquids -- II. Method for Experimental Investigation of the Thermal Scattering of Light in Liquids -- III. Dispersion of the Velocity of Sound and the Absorption of Sound in Liquids -- IV. Transverse
Hypersonic Waves in Low-Viscosity Liquids -- Literature Cited -- Stimulated Molecular Scattering of Light in Gases -- I. Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of the Spectra of Molecular Scattering of Light in Gases -- II. Method
and Apparatus Used in Experimental Investigations of the Stimulated Molecular Scattering of Light in Gases -- III. Experimental Results of Spectroscopic Investigations of the Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Gases -- IV. Experimental
Results of Spectroscopic Investigations of the Nonlinear Electrocaloric Interaction of High-Power Light Pulses with a Gas -- Literature Cited -- Experimental Investigations of the Thermal and Stimulated Molecular Scattering of Light in
Solutions in a Wide Range of Wavelengths -- I. Optical Heterodyne Methods and Some of Their Applications in Investigations of Molecular Scattering of Light -- II. Measurement of the Width of the Central Component of the Thermal
Scattering Spectrum and Determination of Inter-diffusion Coefficients of Solutions of Acetone in Carbon Disulfide and of Bromoform in n-Propanol -- III. Thermal and Stimulated Brillouin Scattering, Velocity of Hypersound, and
Dispersion of This Velocity in Aqueous Solutions of Tertiary Butyl Alcohol -- IV. Fine Structure of the Rayleigh Line and Temperature Dependence of the Velocity of Hypersound and of Dispersion of This Velocity near the Critical
Solution Point of Triethylamine—Water Systems -- V. Stimulated Scattering of Light in Carbon Disulfide and in Solutions of Carbon Disulfide in Carbon Tetrachloride. Amplification of the R2-Line Radiation of a Ruby Laser by Four-Photon
Interaction -- Literature Cited
ISBN:9781468478020
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The Lebedev Physics Institute Series, Proceedings (Trudy) of the P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute : 58
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1972-9789401169301:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physical Constants Selected for Students
Author(s): W. H. J Childs
Date:1972
Size:1 online resource (107p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-6930-1
Contents:Units -- The international system of units (SI) -- The CGS system of units -- Astronomical and Geodetical Data -- Positions of selected fixed stars -- Miscellaneous constants -- Constitution of the Atmosphere -- The Earth -- The
Planets -- Constants of the Sun, Earth and Moon -- Standard times of the world -- General Physics -- Reduction of weights to vacuo -- Moments of inertia -- Reduction of weights to vacuo: Nomogram 1 -- Height from barometer readings:
Nomogram 2 -- Barometer temperature correction: Nomogram 3 -- Meniscus correction for mercury columns: Nomogram 4 -- Atomic weights -- Properties of semiconductor elements -- Electron shell structure, ground state, and ionization
potential of neutral atoms of the elements -- Molecular bond constants -- Bond angles -- Trans-uranium elements -- Naturally occurring isotopes -- Nuclear constants -- Elastic constants of solids -- Compressibility of liquids --
Properties of plastics -- Densities -- Density of dry air: Nomogram 5 -- Viscosities -- Surface tension -- Solubilities -- Screwthread dimensions -- Heat -- Vapour pressures -- Wet and dry bulb hygrometer tables -- Critical constants
of gases -- Thermal constants of the elements -- Thermal constants of common substances -- Fixed points of the temperature scale -- Radiation constants -- Light -- Photometric units -- Emission spectra -- The electromagnetic spectrum
-- Refractive indices -- Rotatory powers -- Reflecting power of metals -- Magnetism and Electricity -- Electromotive forces -- Magnetic properties of ferromagnetic substances -- Magnetic susceptibility -- Change of resistance of
bismuth in a transverse magnetic field -- Magneto-optical rotation (Faraday effect) -- Approximate values of the magnetic elements -- Resistivities of some common substances -- Rapid calculation of wire resistances: Nomogram 6 --
Thermo-electric e.m.f. of some common metals and alloys, against lead -- Standard wire gauge -- Sparking distances, spherical electrodes -- Electrochemical equivalents -- Resistor/capacitor colour code -- Conductivity and equivalent
conductivity of aqueous solutions -- Dielectric constant and dielectric strength -- Electron beam constants -- X-ray data -- Atomic and molecular constants -- Radioactivity constants of naturally occurring radioelements -- Mass
absorption coefficients for X- and gamma rays -- Sound -- Velocity of sound -- Measurement of noise -- Equal tempered scale -- General Constants -- Quantum interconversion table: Nomogram 7 -- Four-figure Logarithms -- Four-figure
Antilogarithms -- Natural Sines -- Natural Cosines -- Natural Tangents -- Reciprocals -- Squares
ISBN:9789401169301
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1968-9781468417401:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Molecular Scattering of Light
Author(s): Immanuil L Fabelinskii
Date:1968
Size:1 online resource (622 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-1740-1
Contents:I. Theory of Molecular Light Scattering in Condensed Isotropic Media and Gases -- II. Some Theoretical Studies of the Spectral Composition of Molecularly Scattered Light -- III. Apparatus and Methods of Measurement of the Basic
Characteristics of Scattered Light and Auxiliary Parameters -- IV. Molecular Scattering of Light in Gases -- V. Molecular Scattering of Light in Liquids -- VI. The Study of the Fine Structure of the Line of Scattered Light in Liquids
with Large Bulk Viscosity and Small Shear Viscosity -- VII. Scattering of Light in Liquids with a Large Shear Viscosity and in Glasses -- VIII. Investigation of the Spectral Composition of the Depolarized Scattering of Light (Wing of
the Rayleigh Line) in Liquids with Various Viscosities -- IX. Molecular Scattering of Light in Crystals -- X. Stimulated Molecular Scattering of Light -- Appendix I. Calculation of the Fluctuations of Some Thermodynamic Quantities --
Appendix II. The Most Important Characteristics of the Fabry— Perot nterferometer, the Conditions of Its Operation, and Some Methods of Interpretation of Interference Spectra -- Fundamental Characteristics of the Interferometer --
Effect of Temperature and Pressure on the Resolving Power of the Fabry—Perot Etaion -- Interpretation of Interference Spectra -- 1. Method of squares of the ring diameters -- 2. Method of interpretation of the noncentral interference
bands -- 3. Dispersion curve method -- Appendix III -- Table I. Depolarization Factor ?u and the Kerr Constant K for Various Gases and Vapors -- Table II. Average and Principal Polarizabilities of Various Molecules, cm3 -- Table HI.
Experimental Data for the Absolute Value of the Scattering Coefficient in Various Liquids -- Table IV. Some Parameters for Calculation of the Scattering Coefficient for 20°C, ? = 4358 Å -- Table V. Relative Intensity of the Light of
Molecular Scattering in Various Liquids -- Table VI. Temperature Dependence of the Relative Intensity -- Table VII. Depolarization Factor of Scattered Light in Liquids (Room Temperature) -- Table VIII. Temperature Dependence of the
Depolarization Factor -- Table IX. Depolarization of Scattered Light in Phenol -Water Mixtures at Different Temperatures -- Table X. Relative Intensity of Light Scattered by the Surface and Volume of Various Liquids -- Table XI. Light
Intensity Scattered by the Surface of Liquid CO2, as a Function of the Temperature -- Table XII. Molecular Weight Mn, Mw, and Constants -- of Interaction B of Polystyrene Solutions, Determined from the Osmotic Pressure and Light
Scattering -- Table XIII. Molecular Weight of Certain Proteins -- Table XIV. Velocity of Hypersound According to -- Data of Various Authors -- Table XV. Some Characteristics of Liquids -- Table XVI. Temperature Dependence of the
Scattered -- Light Intensity in the Transition from Liquid to -- Glassy State in Various Individual Substances -- References
ISBN:9781468417401
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:QC454.M3D7::1979 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Partial pressure analyzers and analysis
Author(s): Monte J Drinkwine
David Lichtman
(Wisconsin U., Milwaukee)
Date:1979
Publisher:New York : Education Committee, American Vacuum Society
Size:126 pgs.
Contents:Part I: Introduction and Scope of Monograph - A. What Is A Partial Pressure Analyzer?, B. Terms and Symbols
Part II: Partial Pressure Analyzers - A. Ionization and Ion Sources, B. Ion Detectors, C. Analyzer Types, D. Selection Criteria
Part III: Analysis - A. Massis of Atoms and Molecules, B. Input Information of Analyzers, C. Interpretation of Mass Spectra for Residual Gas Analysis
Appendices: A. Isotopic Abundances of the Elements, B. Ionization Potentials, Electron Affinities, Work Funcitons, and Melting Points, C. List of Manufacturers of Partial Pressure Analyzers, D. AVS Standards, E. Glossary of Terms
Series:American Vacuum Society monograph series
Keywords: Mass spectrometry , Gases Spectra Measurement
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