Fermilab Fermilab Core Computing Division

Library Home |  Ask a Librarian library@fnal.gov |  Book Catalog |  Library Journals |  Requests |  SPIRES |  Fermilab Documents |

Fermilab Library
SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GENETIC EPISTEMOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/15198.303 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword genetic epistemology ( in books using www Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319060804:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Trends in Philosophical Logic [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roberto Ciuni
Heinrich Wansing
Caroline Willkommen
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume presents recent advances in philosophical logic with chapters focusing on non-classical logics, including paraconsistent logics, substructural logics, modal logics of agency and other modal logics. The authors coverthemes such as the know ability paradox, tableaux and sequent calculi, natural deduction, definite descriptions, identity, truth, dialetheism, and possible worlds semantics. The developments presented here focus on challengingproblems in the specification of fundamental philoso phical notions, as well as presenting new techniques and tools, thereby contributing to the development of the field. Each chapter contains a bibliography, to assist the reader inmaking connections in the specific areas covered. Thus this work provides bo th a starting point for further investigations into philosophical logic and an update on advances, techniques and applications in a dynamic field. Thechapters originate from papers presented during the Trends in Logic XI conference at the Ruhr University Bochum, June 2012
Contents:Chapter 1. Semantic Defectiveness: A Dissolution of Semantic Pathology Bradley Armour
Garb and James A. Woodbridge
Chapter 2. Emptiness and discharge in sequent calculus and natural deduction Michael Arndt and Luca Tranchini
Chapter 3. The Knowability Paradox in the light of a Logic for Pragmatics Massimiliano Carrara and Daniele Chi
Chapter 4. A Dialetheic Interpretation of Classical Logic Massimiliano Carrara and Enrico Martino
Chapter 5. Strongly semantic information as information about the truth Gustavo Cevolani
Chapter 6. Priest's Motorbike and Tolerant Identity Pabl
ISBN:9783319060804
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v41
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Genetic epistemology , Logic , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319050621:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Beginning and the End [electronic resource] : The Meaning of Life in a Cosmological Perspective
Author(s): Clment Vidal
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In this fascinating journey to the edge of science, Vidal takes on big philosophical questions: Does our universe have a beginning and an end, or is it cyclic? Are we alone in the universe? What is the role of intelligent life, ifany, in cosmic evolu tion? Grounded in science and committed to philosophical rigor, this book presents an evolutionary worldview where the rise of intelligent life is not an accident, but may well be the key to unlocking the universe'sdeepest mysteries. Vidal shows how the f ine-tuning controversy can be advanced with computer simulations. He also explores whether natural or artificial selection could hold on a cosmic scale. In perhaps his boldest hypothesis, heargues that signs of advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are already present in our astrophysical data. His conclusions invite us to see the meaning of life, evolution, and intelligence from a novel cosmological framework thatshould stir debate for years to come
Contents:Part IOverview of Worldviews
The Six Dimensions of Philosophy
Criteria for Worldview Comparison
Religious, Scientific and Philosophical Worldviews
Part II The Beginning of the Universe
Origins of the Origin
Capturing Free Parameters
The Fine
Tuning Conjecture
Part III Our Future in the Universe
The Future of Scientific Simulations
Cosmological Selections
High Energy Astrobiology
Cosmological Ethics and Immortality
Appendix I: A Cosmic Evolutionary Worldview
Appendix II: Argumentative Maps
ISBN:9783319050621
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Genetic epistemology , Astronomy
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642176470:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Risk and Meaning [electronic resource] : Adversaries in Art, Science and Philosophy
Author(s): Nicolas Bouleau
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This richly illustrated book is an exploration of how chance and risk, on the one hand, and meaning or significance on the other, compete for the limelight in art, in philosophy, and in science. In modern society, prudence andprobability calculation permeate our daily lives. Yet it is clear for all to see that neither cautious bank regulations nor mathematics have prevented economic crises from occurring time and again. Nicolas Bouleau argues that it is themeaning we assign to an event that determine s the perceived risk, and that we generally turn a blind eye to this important fact, because the word meaning is itself awkward to explain. He tackles this fundamental question throughexamples taken from cultural fields ranging from painting, architecture , and music, to poetry, biology, and astronomy. This enables the reader to view overwhelming risks in a different light. Bouleau clarifies that the most importantthing in a time of uncertainty is to think of prudence on a higher level, one that truly addr esses the various subjective interpretations of the world
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Entrance: Interpretation and Paradigms
I. Cicero and Divination
II. Cournots Philosophic Probabilities
III. Mathematical Probabilities
IV. Democracy by Chance
V. Gestalt, Structure, Pattern
VI. The Third Dimension of Risk
VII. ''Modern Architecture
VIII. The Ideal City
IX.Daring the Abstract in Art
X. Saussure or the Dread of Mathematical Probabilities
XI. Jacques Monods Roulette
XII.From Fortuitism to Animism
XIII. The Slip as Fortuity and Meaning
XIV. Guessing Astronomy
XV. The Legitimacy of Science and Love
Hints and Index
ISBN:9783642176470
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Aesthetics , Genetic epistemology , Distribution (Probability theory) , Arts
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642121425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homo Novus A Human Without Illusions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ulrich J Frey
Charlotte Strmer
Kai P Willfhr
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Converging evidence from disciplines including sociobiology, evolutionary psychology and human biology forces us to adopt a new idea of what it means to be a human. As cherished concepts such as free will, nave realism, humansas creation's crowning g lory fall and our moral roots in ape group dynamics become clearer, we have to take leave of many concepts that have been central to defining our humanness. What emerges is a new human, the homo novus, a humanbeing without illusions. Leading authors from many different fields explore these issues by addressing these illusions and providing evidence for the need to switch to this new idea of man, in spite of understandable reluctance to letgo of our most beloved illusions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Humans Are Exceptional
The Position of Man in the Cosmos
Living Differences
Nothing to Talk About
We Are Independent of Our Sociobiological Roots
The True Egoist Is Cooperative
The Social Brain and Its Implications
Why Most Theories Get It Wrong
The Biological Imperative Doesnt Matter to Us
Mortality Crises and Their Consequences for Human Life Histories
Costs and Consequences of Reproduction
Height and Reproductive Success
The Past Doesnt Echo in Our Heads
Developmental Psychology Without Dualistic Illusions
The Psychology of Families
Moral,
ISBN:9783642121425
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Genetic epistemology , Evolution (Biology) , Psychology , Anthropology , Consciousness
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9780387853345:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Epistemology and Probability [electronic resource] : Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrdinger, and the Nature of Quantum-Theoretical Thinking
Author(s): Arkady Plotnitsky
Date:2010
Edition:First
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum mechanics, discovered by Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schrdinger in 1925-1926, is famous for its radical implications for our conception of physics and for our view of human knowledge in general. While these implicationshave been seen as scien tifically productive and intellectually liberating to some, Niels Bohr and Heisenberg, among them, they have been troublesome to many others, including Schrdinger and, most famously, Albert Einstein. Thesituation led to the intense debate that started in the wake of its discovery and has continued into our own time, with no end appearing to be in sight. Epistemology and Probability aims to contribute to our understanding of quantummechanics and of the reasons for its extraordinary impact by reconsidering, under the rubric of nonclassical epistemology, the nature of epistemology and probability, and their relationships in quantum theory. The book bringstogether the thought of the three figures most responsible for the rise of quantum mechanicsHeisenberg an d Schrdinger, on the physical side, and Bohr, on the philosophical sidein order to develop a deeper sense of the physical,mathematical, and philosophical workings of quantum-theoretical thinking. Reciprocally, giving a special emphasis on probability and specifically to the Bayesian concept of probability allows the book to gain new insights into thethought of these figures. The book reconsiders, from this perspective, the Bohr-Einstein debate on the epistemology of quantum physics and, in particular, off ers a new treatment of the famous experiment of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen(EPR), and of the Bohr-Einstein exchange concerning the subject. It also addresses the relevant aspects of quantum information theory and considers the implications of its episte mological argument for higher-level quantum theories,such as quantum field theory and string and brane theories. One of the main contributions of the book is its analysis of the role of ma
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction: Epistemology and Probability in Quantum Theory: Physics, Mathematics, and Philosophy
Quantum Phenomena and the Double
Slit Experiment
Heisenbergs Revolutions: New Kinematics, New Mathematics, and New Philosophy
From Geometry to Algebra in Physics, with Heisenberg
Schrdingers waves: Propagation and Probability
Bohrs Como Argument: Complementarity and the Problem of Causality
From Como to Copenhagen: Renunciations
Can Quantum
Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Both Complete and Local?
Essential Ambiguity and Essent
ISBN:9780387853345
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v161
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Genetic epistemology , Science Philosophy , Distribution (Probability theory) , Quantum theory
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402089268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Logicism, Intuitionism, and Formalism [electronic resource] : What has Become of Them?
Author(s): Sten Lindstrm
Erik Palmgren
Krister Segerberg
Viggo Stoltenberg-Hansen
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The period in the foundations of mathematics that started in 1879 with the publication of Frege's Begriffsschrift and ended in 1931 with Gdel's ber formal unentscheidbare Stze der Principia Mathematica und verwandterSysteme I can reasonably be called the classical period. It saw the development of three major foundational programmes: the logicism of Frege, Russell and Whitehead, the intuitionism of Brouwer, and Hilbert's formalist andproof-theoretic programme. In this period, there were also lively e xchanges between the various schools culminating in the famous Hilbert-Brouwer controversy in the 1920s. The purpose of this anthology is to review the programmes inthe foundations of mathematics from the classical period and to assess their possible rele vance for contemporary philosophy of mathematics. What can we say, in retrospect, about the various foundational programmes of the classicalperiod and the disputes that took place between them? To what extent do the classical programmes of logicism, intui tionism and formalism represent options that are still alive today? These questions are addressed in this volume byleading mathematical logicians and philosophers of mathematics. The volume will be of interest primarily to researchers and graduate student s of philosophy, logic, mathematics and theoretical computer science. The material will beaccessible to specialists in these areas and to advanced graduate students in the respective fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Preface. Notes On The Contributors. Introduction
I. Logicism And Neo
Logicism
II. Intuitionism And Constructive Mathematics
III. Formalism
Index
ISBN:9781402089268
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Synthese Library, Studies In Epistemology. Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science : v341
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Genetic epistemology , Logic , Ontology , Linguistics Philosophy , Mathematics_$xHistory , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Cover
Image
Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387480770:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Superior Beings If They Exist How Would We Know? [electronic resource] : Game-Theoretic Implications of Omniscience, Omnipotence, Immortality, and Incomprehensibility
Author(s): Steven J Brams
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The central question posed in this book is: If there existed a superior being who possessed the supernatural qualities of omniscience, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility, how would he/she act differently from us?The mathematical theory of games is used to define each of these qualities, and different assumptions about the rules of play in several theological games that might be played between ordinary human beings and superior beings like Godare posited. Implications of these definitio ns and assumptions are developed and used to explore such questions as: are God's superior powers compatible with human free will? Can they be reconciled with the problem of evil in theworld? In what situation is God's existence decidable in gamelike rela tionships He migh have with us? By endowing omniscience/omnipotence/immortality/incomprehensibility with unambiguous meanings, the author shows how game theorycan help breathe life into questions that have been dismissed too quickly simply because they ar e metaphysical--outside the world of experience. Thereby he clarifies the structure of our thought about an ultimate reality, whether ornot it is viewed as religious. Reviews from the first edition: [Brams's] arguments, some of them quite complicated, are presented clearly and enough background information is given to enable the non-expert in game theory to followwhat is going on. - H.N.V. Temperley, Nature (March, 1984) Superior Beings is an extraordinary book... He [Brams] uses strikingly simple models and generally transparent logic to make some surprising inferences about superiority.His inquiry is carried out with great inventiveness and care, and his book is highly recommended to those interested in religion, philosophy, and the contribution of logi cal analysis. - D. Marc Kilgur, American Scientist (1984)Brams has performed a service in deominstrating that rational analysis need not stop where issues involving faith and emotion begin. - Pe
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Preface from First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgements
List of Figures
Introduction
The Rationality of Belief in a Superior Being
Omniscience and Partial Omniscience
The Paradox of Omniscience and the Theory of Moves
Omnipotence: Moving and Staying Power
Immortality and Incomprehensibility
Superior Beings: They May be Undecidable
Appendix
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9780387480770
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Science (General) , Genetic epistemology , Mathematics , Economics, Mathematical
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
Click to reserve this book Be sure to include your ID please.
More info:Amazon.com
More info: Barnes and Noble
Full Text:Click here
Location: ONLINE

Return to the Fermilab Library catalog