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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GEOCHEMISTRY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/18153.134 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword geochemistry ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068749:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geomathematics: Theoretical Foundations, Applications and Future Developments [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frits Agterberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides a wealth of geomathematical case history studies performed by the author during his career at the Ministry of Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada (NRCan-GSC). Several of the techniques newlydeveloped by the author and colleagues that are described in this book have become widely adopted, not only for further research by geomathematical colleagues, but by government organizations and industry worldwide. These includeWeights-of-Evidence modelling, mineral resource e stimation technology, trend surface analysis, automatic stratigraphic correlation and nonlinear geochemical exploration methods. The author has developed maximum likelihood methodologyand spline-fitting techniques for the construction of the international numerical geologic timescale. He has introduced the application of new theory of fractals and multifractals in the geostatistical evaluation of regional mineralresources and ore reserves and to study the spatial distribution of metals in rocks. The book also contains sections deemed important by the author but that have not been widely adopted because they require further research. Theseinclude the geometry of preferred orientations of contours and edge effects on maps, time series analysis of Quaternary retreating ice sheet related sedimentary data, estimation of first and last appearances of fossil taxa fromfrequency distributions of their observed first and last occurrences, tectonic reactivation along pre-existing schistosity planes in fold belts, us e of the grouped jackknife method for bias reduction in geometrical extrapolations, andnew applications of the theory of permanent, volume-independent frequency distributions
Contents:Foreword
Preface
1. Complexity of the Geological Framework and Use of Mathematics
2. Probability and Statistics
3.Maximum Likelihood, Lognormality and Compound Distributions
4.Correlation, Method of Least Squares, Linear Regression and the General Linear Model
5.Prediction of Occurrence of Discrete Events
6. Autocorrelation and Geostatistics
7.2D and 3D Trend Analysis
8.Statistical Analysis of Directional Features
9. Automated Stratigraphic Correlation, Splining and Geological Timescales
10. Fractals
11. Multifractals and Singularity Analysis
12
ISBN:9783319068749
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v18
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Geochemistry , GeologyxMathematics , Geology, Structural , Mines and mineral resources , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642368097:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analyzing Compositional Data with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): K. Gerald van den Boogaart
Raimon Tolosana-Delgado
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the statistical analysis of compositional data sets, i.e., data in percentages, proportions, concentrations, etc. The subject is covered from its grounding principles to the practical use in descriptiveexploratory analysis, robust linear models and advanced multivariate statistical methods, including zeros and missing values, and paying special attention to data visualization and model display issues. Many illustrated examples andcode chunks guide the reader into their modeling and interpretation. And, though the book primarily serves as a reference guide for the R package compositions, it is also a general introductory text on Compositional DataAnalysis. Awareness of their special characteristics spread in the Geosciences in the e arly sixties, but a strategy for properly dealing with them was not available until the works of Aitchison in the eighties. Since then, research hasexpanded our understanding of their theoretical principles and the potentials and limitations of their inte rpretation. This is the first comprehensive textbook addressing these issues, as well as their practical implications withregard to software. The book is intended for scientists interested in statistically analyzing their compositional data. The subject e njoys relatively broad awareness in the geosciences and environmental sciences, but the spectrum ofrecent applications also covers areas like medicine, official statistics, and economics. Readers should be familiar with basic univariate and multivariate s tatistics. Knowledge of R is recommended but not required, as the book isself-contained
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Fundamental Concepts of Compositional Data Analysis
Distributions for Random Compositions
Descriptive Analysis of Compositional Data
Linear Models for Compositions
Multivariate Statistics
Zeroes, Missings and Outliers
References
Index.
ISBN:9783642368097
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R!
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Geochemistry , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402089831:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polymineral-Metasomatic Crystallogenesis [electronic resource]
Author(s): Arkady E Glikin
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Polymineral-Metasomatic Crystallogenesis is dedicated to the foundations of polymineral crystallogenesis in solutions typically occurring in nature. Effects, laws, and mechanisms of a metasomatic crystal replacement, joint crystalgrowth of different phases, mixed crystal formation, and aggregate re-crystallization as well as oriented overgrowth (epitaxy and quasi-epitaxy) and crystal habit origin are considered experimentally. The behaviour of these processesin nature are discussed in addition to pse udomorphs, poikilitic crystals (and other replacement forms), features of rapakivi structure, fluorite morphology, and many more. The concept is a generalization of the classic theory oncrystallogenesis which is complicated by phase interaction in polymin eral systems. Polymineral-Metasomatic Crystallogenesis is designed for chemists, geologists, physicists, and postgraduates and advanced undergraduate students ofthese fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Replacement of Monocrystals
Joint Growth of Crystals of Different Phases
Formation of Mixed Crystals in Solutions
Physicochemical Analysis of Metasomatic Crystallogenesis
Metasomatic Transformation of Aggregates
Epitaxy and Quasiepitaxy in Solutions
Crystal Faceting
ISBN:9781402089831
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401001458:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar System History from Isotopic Signatures of Volatile Elements Volume Resulting from an ISSI Workshop 14–18 January 2002, Bern, Switzerland
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (427 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0145-8
Contents:Sun and Protosolar Nebula -- Isotopic Composition of H, He and Ne in the Proto solar Cloud -- Oxygen Isotopes in the Solar System -- Isotopes of Volatiles in Pre-solar Grains -- Atomic Deuterium/Hydrogen in the Galaxy -- Deuterium in
Molecules of the Interstellar Medium -- Deuterium Fractionation in Interstellar Clouds -- The D/H Ratio in Chondrites -- Outer Solar System -- Evolution of the Protosolar Nebula and Formation of the Giant Planets -- Element Abundances
and Isotope Ratios in the Giant Planets and Titan -- Isotopic Abundances in Comets -- Isotopic Signatures of Presolar Materials in Interplanetary Dust -- Earth, Terrestrial Planets, and Moon -- Nitrogen Isotopes on the Moon: Archives
of the Solar and Planetary Contributions to the Inner Solar System -- Noble Gas Isotopes on the Moon -- On Noble Gas Processing in the Solar Accretion Disk -- Elemental and Isotopic Abundances of Carbon and Nitrogen in Meteorites --
Isotopic Criteria for Identification of Organic Carbon on Earth and Meteorites -- Isotopic Fractionation Processes -- Oxygen Isotope Processes and Transfer Reactions -- Isotopic Fractionation by Gravitational Escape -- Isotopic
Fractionation by Ion-Molecule Reactions -- Isotopic Fractionation by Plasma Processes -- Working Group Reports -- Sun and Protosolar Nebula -- Isotopic Signatures of Volatile Elements in Terrestrial Planets -- Epilogue -- List of
Acronyms
ISBN:9789401001458
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI: 16
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Planetology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Earth Sciences , Planetology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781441986948:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Accretion of Extraterrestrial Matter Throughout Earth’s History
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (466 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4419-8694-8
ISBN:9781441986948
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Sedimentology , Planetology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Earth Sciences, general , Planetology , Geochemistry , Sedimentology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401141468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Dust to Terrestrial Planets Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 15–19 February 1999, Bern, Switzerland
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (423 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4146-8
Contents:From Dust to Terrestrial Planets — Introduction Timescales for the Formation of Terrestrial Planets -- Disk Formation, Stability, and Evolution -- Triggering Protostellar Collapse, Injection, and Disk Formation -- Protostellar Disk
Formation and Early Evolution -- Solar Nebula Magnetohydrodynamics -- Observational Constraints on Transport (and Mixing) in Pre-main Sequence Disks -- Beta Pictoris and Other Solar Systems -- Temperature and Pressure Gradients in the
Solar Nebula -- Formation of Compounds and First Solids -- The Beginning: Swift and Violent -- Short-lived Radionuclides in Meteorites: Constraints on Nebular Timescales for the Production of Solids -- The Extinct Radionuclide
Timescale of the Early Solar System -- Short-lived Radioactivities and the Birth of the Sun -- Protostellar Winds and Chondritic Meteorites -- Kinetics of Gas-grain Reactions in the Solar Nebula -- The Solar System D/H Ratio:
Observations and Theories -- On the 53Mn Heterogeneity in the Early Solar Nebula -- Are There Chemical Gradients in the Inner Solar System? -- Formation of Planetesimals And Planetary Embryos -- Laboratory Experiments on Preplanetary
Dust Aggregation -- Low Velocity Collisions and the Growth of Planetesimals -- Formation of Planetesimals and Accretion of the Terrestrial Planets -- Planetary Accumulation with a Continuous Supply of Planetesimals -- Formation And
Evolution Of Planets -- Disks, Extrasolar Planets, and Migration -- An Oxygen Isotope Mixing Model for the Accretion and Composition of Rocky Planets -- Hf-W Chronometry and Inner Solar System Accretion Rates -- On the Isotopic
Composition of Primordial Xenon in Terrestrial Planet Atmospheres -- Minor Bodies: Spectral Gradients and Relationships with Meteorites -- Epilogue -- List of Acronyms -- Author Index -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789401141468
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI: 9
Keywords: Physics , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Geochemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401103176:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Composition, Geochemistry and Conversion of Oil Shales
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (505 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0317-6
Contents:I Reviews: Geochemistry & Characterisation -- 1. Organic petrography: principles and techniques. -- 2. Organic petrography of oil shales. -- 3. Demineralisation and kerogen maceral separation and chemistry. -- 4. Alkane biomarkers.
Geochemical significance and application in oil shale geochemistry. -- 5. Solid state 13C NMR in oil shale research: an introduction with selected applications. -- 6. Introduction to mass spectrometric techniques for fossil fuel
analysis. -- 7. An introduction to open-tubular gas chromatography — analysis of fossil and synthetic fuels. -- 8. Speciation of organic sulphur forms in solid fuels and heavy oils. -- 9. Detailed structural characterization of the
organic material in Rundle Ramsay Crossing and Green River oil shales. -- II Review: Conversion: Processing, Mechanisms and Products -- 1. Economic considerations of the oil shale and related conversion processes. -- 2. Oil shale
beneficiation for processing. -- 3. Methods of oil shale analysis. -- 4. Relationship between hydrous and ordinary pyrolysis. -- 5. Fluidized bed retorting of oil shale. -- 6. Steam and co-processing of oil shales. -- 7. Chemical
kinetics and oil shale process design. -- 8. Hydropyrolysis: fundamentals, two-stage processing and PDU operation. -- 9. The bitumen intermediate in isothermal and non-isothermal decomposition of oil shales. -- 10. Aqueous organic
chemistry: geochemical aspects. -- 11. Asphaltites composition and conversion. -- 12. Oil shale residues as a feedstock for carbon materials. -- 13. Combustion reactivity of chars. -- III Research contributions -- 1. A probe for the
rapid analysis of Vanadium: An Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and theoretical perspective. -- 2. Characterization of Jurassic black shales from Asturias (Northern Spain): evolution and petroleum potential. -- 3. n-Alkanoic compounds
in sulphur-rich macromolecular substances: a detailed investigation of sulphur incorporation and cross-linking. -- 4. Biodegradation of hydrocarbons by sulphate reducing-bacteria in the Cretaceous Bahloul Formation (Tunisia). -- 5.
Origin, evolution and petroleum potential of a Cambrian source rock: implications of pyrolysate and bitumen composition. -- 6. Carbon isotopic compositions of individual alkanes/alkenes in leaf fossils and sediments from the P-33 site
of the Miocene Clarkia deposit. -- 7. Atmospheric pressure temperature programmed reduction (AP-TPR) as a tool to investigate the changes in sulphur functionalities in solid fuels. -- 8. Organic geochemical characterization of some
carboniferous coal seams of the Zonguldak basin (N.W. Turkey). -- 9. X-ray studies of the structure of coals and cokes. -- 10. The aspects of microscopic studies as exemplified by the macroporous structure of cokes from bituminous coal
range. -- 11. Determination of organic sulphur forms in Type I/II kerogens by high pressure temperature programmed reduction
ISBN:9789401103176
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 455
Keywords: Earth sciences , Physical chemistry , Geochemistry , Economic geology , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Economic Geology , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401111065:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Feldspars and their Reactions
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (650 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1106-5
Contents:1. The Crystal Structures of the Aluminium-Silicate Feldspars -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Historical Perspective -- 1.2 Recent Progress and Overview -- 2. Chemistry of Feldspars -- 3. Topology of the Feldspar Framework -- 4.
Patterns of Al, Si Order-Disorder: Space Groups -- 4.1 Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1.1 Monoclinic (C2/m) K-rich Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1.2 Triclinic ($$C\bar 1$$) K-rich Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1.3 Room-Temperature Phase Transition in Low
Microcline? -- 4.1.4 Triclinic ($$C\bar 1$$) Anorthoclases, K-Analbites, and the Transition to C2/m Na-Sanidines -- 4.1.5 Triclinic ($$C\bar 1$$) Low, Intermediate, and High Albite -- 4.1.6 Analbite and the Transition to C2/m Monalbite
-- 4.2 Celsian and Hyalophane -- 4.3 Anorthite and Intermediate Plagioclases -- 4.3.1 The ‘Aluminium Avoidance’ Principle and Al, Si order/disorder -- 4.3.2 Primitive Anorthite -- 4.3.3 Pseudo-symmetry and the Average Structure Concept
-- 4.3.4 Body-centered Anorthite -- 4.3.5 Intermediate Plagioclases -- 5. The M Cations in Feldspar Structures -- 5.1 Potassium in Sanidines and Microclines -- 5.2 Sodium in Albites -- 5.2.1 Sodium in Low Albite -- 5.2.2 Sodium in High
Albite and Monalbite -- 5.2.3 Sodium in Intermediate Albite (IA) and Na/Ca in Sodic Plagioclase -- 5.2.4 Ca/Na in Calcic Plagioclase -- 6. Average Structures of Feldspars Represented by Cell Parameters: the
Temperature-Pressure-Composition Analogies -- 6.1 Changes in Volume with P, T, X -- 6.1.1 Compressibility and Phase Changes with Pressure -- 6.1.2 Thermal Expansion -- 6.1.3 Variation of Composition in ‘Solid-Solution’ Series -- 6.2
Changes in Cell Dimensions with P,T,X -- 6.2.1 Series of Na- and K- Mixed with Ca-, Sr-, and Ba-feldspars -- 6.2.2 The M2+-feldspars -- 6.2.3 Alkali Feldspars -- 6.3 Changes in T-O-T Angles and M-O Distances with P, T, X -- 6.3.1
Disordered Alkali Feldspars -- 6.3.2 Ordered Alkali Feldspars and the Structure of Low Albite at 5 GPa -- 7. Future Work -- References -- 2. Aspects of Alkali Feldspar Characterization: Prospects and Relevance to Problems Outstanding
-- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2 Light Optics -- 3. Composition and Lattice Strain -- 3.1 Composition of Unstrained Feldspars -- 3.2 Strained Feldspars -- 3.2.1 Background -- 3.2.2 Determination of Lattice Strain -- 3.2.3
Determination of Composition -- 3.3 Composition from K, Na Site Refinements of X-Ray Intensity Data -- 4. Determination of Tetrahedral Al Contents in Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1 T-Site Occupancies from Lattice Parameters -- 4.2 T-Site
Occupancies from T-O Distances -- 4.3 T-Site Occupancies from Si, Al Site Refinements of X-Ray Intensity Data -- 5. Single-Crystal X-ray Diffraction Patterns and Relationships with TEM Techniques -- 5.1 The Diagonal Association -- 5.2
The Antidiagonal Association -- 5.3 P21/a Structural Arrangement -- 6. Unanswered questions and suggestions for future work -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 3. Phase Transitions and Vibrational Spectroscopy in Feldspars -- Abstract
-- 1. Introduction -- 2. Phase Transitions and Order Parameters -- 2.1 The order Parameter -- 2.2 Coupling between order Parameters -- 2.3 Some Typical Landau Potentials -- 3. Kinetic and Other Non-Equilibrium Behaviour -- 4. Hard Mode
Phonon Spectroscopy -- 4.1 Introductory Remarks on Optical Spectroscopy -- 4.2 Soft Modes Versus Hard Modes -- 4.3 The Characteristic Length Scale -- 4.4 How to Do It -- 5. Applications and Examples -- 5.1 Temperature Dependence of
Hard Modes in Albite -- 5.2 Effect of the C2/m-$$C\bar 1$$ Transition in Anorthoclase -- 5.3 A Displacive Phase Transition with Some Fluctuations: $$P\bar 1 - I\bar 1$$ in Anorthite -- 5.3.1 Space Average Model -- 5.3.2 The Ca-jumping
Model -- 5.3.3 Soft-mode Model -- 5.4 Determination of the Degree of Al, Si order in Na Feldspar -- 5.5 Structural Modulations in Natural Potassium Feldspar -- 5.6 On the Effect of Na-K Mixing and the Study of Exsolution: an Outlook --
Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- Appendix 1 -- Deviation of the Gibbs Free Energy for a Phase Transition with Continuous Local Potentials -- Appendix 2 -- On the Intercorrelation of Al, Si Ordering and the Generation of Spontaneous
Strain -- References -- 4. Partial Melting Reactions of Plagioclases and Plagioclase-Bearing Systems -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Previous Work on Plagioclase-melt Interaction -- 3. Starting Materials and Experimental Procedure
-- 4. Experimental Results and Discussion -- 4.1 Dry Melting of Plagioclase An68 At 1420°C -- 4.2 Wet Melting of Plagioclase An P = 5 Kbar -- 4.3 The Influence of Additional Components and Phases -- 4.3.1 Melting Reactions in the
System Qz-Ab-An-H2O -- 4.3.2 Melting Reactions in the System Qz-Ab-An-Al2O3-H2O -- 4.3.3 Melting Reactions in the System Qz-Or-Ab-An-H2O -- 4.3.4 Kinetics of partial melting in systems with additional SiO2-containing phases beside
feldspars -- 5. Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 5. Ternary Feldspar/Melt Equilibria: A Review -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Ternary Feldspar Geothermometry -- 2.1 Activity Models for Ternary Feldspar Solid Solutions
-- 2.2 Geothermometry: Calculation Methodology and Results -- 3. Ternary Felspar/Melt Equilibria -- 3.1 Liquidus Relations in the Feldspar System -- 3.2 Compositional Evolution of Feldspars during Crystallization -- 3.2.1 Equilibrium
Crystallization -- 3.2.2 Fractional Crystallization -- 4. Conclusions -- 5. Acknowledgements -- 6. References -- 6. Subsolidus Phase Relations of the Plagioclase Feldspar Sold) Solution -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A Possible
Phase Diagram -- 3. Lines of Evidence -- 3.1 Order/disorder Experiments -- 3.1.1 C2/m = $$C\bar 1$$ Transition -- 3.1.2 $$C\bar 1 - I\bar 1$$ Transition -- 3.1.3 $$I\bar 1$$ = e1 Transition -- 3.1.4 $$C\bar 1$$ = e2 Transition -- 3.1.5
Ordering within the C1 stability field -- 3.1.6 $$I\bar 1 = P\bar 1$$ Transition -- 3.1.7 Summary -- 3.2 Microstructures -- 3.2.1 Peristerite gap -- 3.2.2 Bøggild gap -- 3.2.3 Huttenlocher gap -- 3.3 Compositions of Coexisting Crystals
-- 3.3.1 Coexisting Phases across the Peristerite Gap -- 3.3.2 Coexisting Plagioclases with Intermediate Compositions -- 3.3.3 The Low Temperature Assemblage Albite + Anorthite -- 3.4 Properties of the Incommensurate “e” Structure --
3.4.1 Mestable Incommensurate Structure of Anorthite -- 3.4.2 Structure of “e” Plagioclase -- 3.4.3 Influences of Temperature and Composition -- 3.4.4 Distinction between e1 and e2 Structures -- 3.5 Thermodynamic Data -- 3.5.1
Enthalpies of Ordering and Mixing -- 3.5.2 Energetics of Antiphase Boundaries -- 3.5.3 Ion-exchange Data -- 3.6 Kinetic Constraints -- 4. The Rudiments of a Thermodynamic Model -- 4.1 Schematic G-X Curves -- 4.2 Landau Free Energy
Expansions -- 5. Conclusion -- 5.1 Al/Si Ordering At An0 - An15 -- 5.2 Local Ordering in the Cl Solid Solution -- 5.3 Microstructural Evidence for Split Behaviour At ~An52 -- 5.4 $$C\bar 1$$ = e2 Transition Temperatures -- 5.5 The
$$I\bar 1$$ = e1 Ordering Transition -- 5.6 Thermodynamics of Incommensurate Ordering -- 5.7 Incommensurate Structures and Differences between e1 And e2 Ordering -- 5.8 Phase Equilibrium and Ion-Exchange Experiments -- Acknowledgements
-- References -- 7. Feldspars at High Pressure -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Stability of Feldspars at High Pressure -- 2.1 Albite -- 2.2 K-Feldspar -- 2.3 Anorthite -- 3. Compressional Behaviour -- 3.1 Bulk Moduli -- 3.2 Unit
Cell Parameter Variation with Pressure -- 3.3 Strain Tensors -- 4. Structural Phase Transitions -- 4.1 Phase Transitions in Alkali Feldspars -- 4.2 $$P\bar 1$$ to $$I\bar 1$$ Transition in Anorthite -- 4.2.1 $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$
in End-Member Anorthite -- 4.2.2 Effect of Al, Si Disorder on $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$ -- 4.2.3 Effect of Albite Substitution on $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$ Transition -- 4.2.4 Phase Diagram for Anorthite $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$
Transition -- 4.2.5 Thermodynamic Analysis -- 4.3 Phase Transitions in Other Feldspars -- 4.4 Conclusions -- 5 Acknowledgements -- 6. References -- 8. Recent Work on Oscillatory Zoning in Plagioclase -- Abstract -- 1. The Problem -- 2.
Empirical Observations of Zoning -- 2.1 Hypotheses and Assumptions -- 2.1.1 Crystal Growth -- 2.1.2 Analysis of Zoning Patterns -- 2.2 Trace Elements and Disequilibrium -- 2.3 Discussion of Plates -- 2.3.1 Plate 1 -- 2.3.2 Plate 2
“Corners” -- 2.3.2 Plate 3 “Interfaces” -- 2.4 Conclusion from Empirical Observations -- 2.4.1 The Consequences of Saw-toothed Patterns -- 2.4.2 Significance of Dissolution -- 2.4.3 Constraints on Growth Mechanisms and Laws -- 3.
Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Oscillatory Zoning -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Theoretical Rationale -- 3.3 Empirical Textural Evidence -- 3.4 Identification of Chaotic Growth -- 3.4.1 General Comments -- 3.4.2 Random Zoning Patterns --
3.4.3 Real Crystal Zoning Patterns -- 4. Attempts at Modelling Zonation -- 4.1 Theoretical and Empirical Models -- 4.2 Details of Models -- 4.2.1 Sibley et al (1976) -- 4.2.2 Haase et al (1980) -- 4.2.3 Allègre et al (1981) -- 4.2.4
Lasaga (1982) -- 4.2.5 Loomis (1979, 1982) -- 4.2.6 Simakin (1983) -- 4.2.7 Ghiorso (1987) -- 4.2.8 Pearce (1993) -- 4.2.9 Wang and Merino (1993) -- 5. Discussion and Conclusions -- 5.1 General Comments -- 5.2 Preferred Model -- 5.3
Suggestions for Further Work -- 6. Acknowledgements -- 7. References -- 9. Isotopic Equilibrium/disequilibrium and Diffusion Kinetics in Feldspars -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Isotope Fractionation -- 1.2 Diffusion Measurement
-- 1.3 Terminology -- 1.4 Applications -- 2. Part 1. Experiments and Theory -- 2.1 Oxygen Diffusion Kinetics -- 2.1.1 Hydrothermal Experiments -- 2.1.2 Dry Experiments -- 2.2 Cation Diffusion Kinetics -- 2.2.1 Strontium Diffusion --
2.2.2 Other Cations -- 2.2.3 K-feldspars -- 2.2.4 Systematics of Cation behaviour -- 2.3 Prediction of D Values -- 3. Part 2. Applications of Diffusion Kinetics to Tectono-Thermal Histories -- 3
ISBN:9789401111065
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 421
Keywords: Earth sciences , Inorganic chemistry , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Crystallography , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy , Geochemistry , Crystallography , Inorganic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401108706:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics: Global and Mediterranean Examples
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (437 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0870-6
Contents:Air-Sea Exchanges and Meridional Fluxe -- 1. Air-sea exchanges -- 2. Meridional heat transport -- 3. Conclusion -- Lagrangian and Eulerian Measurements of Ocean Transport Processe -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Eulerian and Lagrangian
frameworks -- 3. Transport measures from current followers -- 4. Ocean measurements of lateral transport -- 5. Diapycnal fluxes -- Dispersion and Mixing in the Ocea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inference -- 3. Direct measurement -- 4.
Indirect measurements -- 5. Processes -- 6. Conclusions -- 7. Discussion -- Ocean Models in Climate Problem -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Feedbacks affecting the thermohaline circulation -- 3. Large-scale air-sea heat exchanges -- 4.
Interaction of the hydrological cycle with the thermohaline circulation -- 5. Numerical models of the thermohaline circulation -- 6. Summary and outlook: towards coupled process models -- Sensitivity Studies on the Role of the Ocean in
Climate Chang -- 1. Introduction — CME results on thermohaline overturning -- 2. The surface heat and fresh water flux parameterizations -- 3. A basic experiment -- 4. Sensitivity experiments -- 5. Multiple stable states -- 6. Open
boundary conditions -- 7. Discussion -- Modeling the Wind and Thermohaline Circulation in the North Atlantic Ocea -- 1. Introduction — the Community Modeling Effort -- 2. Improving surface boundary conditions -- 3. Open boundary
conditions for the CME model -- 4. Internal parameterizations for the CME model -- 5. Discussion -- Studying Thermohaline Circulation in the Ocean by Means of Transient Tracer Dat -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Tracer features and
geochemistry -- 3. Information from oceanic tracer distribution -- 4. Tracer evaluation by means of ocean circulation models -- 5. Conclusions -- Laboratory and Numerical Experiments in Oceanic Convectio -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The
influence of the Earth’s rotation on the convective process -- 3. A laboratory analogue of a convecting chimney -- 4. Scaling ideas -- 5. Numerical illustrations -- 6. Summary and discussion -- Open Ocean Deep Convection, Mediterranean
and Greenland Sea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Gulf of Lions, Northwestern Mediterranean -- 3. Greenland Sea convection and the role of ice -- 4. Summary and conclusions -- The Mediterranean Sea as a Climate Test Basi -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Mean heat and water budgets of the Mediterranean -- 3. Variability -- 4. Buoyancy flux -- 5. Models -- 6. Discussion -- The Mediterranean Sea, a Test Area for Marine and Climatic Interaction -- 1. Yearly budgets --
2. Spatial variability of heat and water transfers -- 3. Recent hydrological changes -- 4. Mediterranean sapropel formation, a change in deep-water formations -- 5. Conclusions -- The Physical and Dynamical Oceanography of the
Mediterranean Se -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Air-sea interactions and straits exchanges -- 3. Watermass formation, dispersion and transformation -- 4. Circulation and its variabilities -- 5. Modelling -- 6. General circulation summary --
7. Historical perspective and climatological analysis -- 8. Conclusions and summary -- Modeling the General Circulation of the Mediterranea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Prognostic models -- 3. Inverse models -- 4. Conclusions -- Data
Assimilation: Fundamentals, Global and Mediterranean Example -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Assimilation method: fundamentals -- 3. Global and Mediterranean examples -- 4. Conclusions -- Deep-Water in the Western Mediterranean Sea, Yearly
Climatic Signature and Enigmatic Spreadin -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Hydrological data -- 3. Climatic driving-force -- 4. The spreading of the newly-formed dense water -- 5. Homogenization of deep water, the Earth heat flow effect -- 6.
Conclusion -- A Tracer Study of the Thermohaline Circulation of the Eastern Mediterranea -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Outline of thermohaline circulation -- 3. Tracer observations, tracer geochemistry and qualitative oceanographic findings
-- 4. System-analysis-model evaluation -- 5. General circulation model treatment -- 6. Discussion and conclusions -- Dynamical Studies of the Eastern Mediterranean Circulatio -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Features and structures of the
general circulation -- 3. Basin and subbasin scale dynamical processes -- 4. Mesoscale dynamical processes -- 5. Conclusions -- Models and Data: A Synergetic Approach in the Western Mediterranean Se -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The
structure of the mesoscale algerian eddies -- 3. The circulation of LIW -- 4. The WMDW circulation -- 5. Conclusion
ISBN:9789401108706
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 419
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9789401116527:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Magnetic Shieldings and Molecular Structure
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (584 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1652-7
Contents:Invited Lectures -- An Overview of Nuclear Shielding Calculations -- Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Chemical Shift Tensors of Pnictides and Fluorophosphates -- Solid State NMR Chemical Shifts of Chalcogenides and
Phosphides -- Intra- and Intermolecular Electrical Effects on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance and Infra-Red Spectroscopic Parameters from Ab Initio Calculation and Experiment: From CO to Proteins -- The Nuclear
Shielding Surface: The Shielding as a Function of Molecular Geometry and Intermolecular Separation -- Ab-Initio Calculation and Analysis of Nuclear Magnetic Shielding Tensors: the LORG and SOLO Approaches -- The IGLO Method. Recent
Developments -- Electronic Current Density Induced by Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Moments in Molecules -- Shielding Tensor Data and Structure: The Bond-Related Chemical Shift Concept -- Investigation of Structural Phase Transitions in
Oxide Materials Using High-Resolution NMR Spectroscopy -- A Model Study of Chemical Shielding in a Partially Hydrated Dipeptide -- Efficient Implementation of the GIAO Method for Magnetic Properties: Theory and Application --
Electronic Mechanisms of Metal Chemical Shifts from Ab Initio Theory -- Applications of NMR Shielding Constant Calculations in Mineralogy and Geochemistry -- Applications of Dipolar NMR Spectroscopy in Characterizing Nitrogen and
Phosphorus Shielding Tensors -- Comparisons of Shielding Anisotropies for Different Nuclei and Other Insights into Shielding from an Experimentalist’s Viewpoint -- An Origin-independent Theory for Calculation of NMR Shielding Constants
-- Correlated and Gauge Invariant Calculations of Nuclear Shielding Constants -- Carbon-13 Chemical Shielding Tensors in Sugars: Sucrose and Methyl-?-D-glucopyranoside -- IGLO Calculations of 29Si NMR Chemical Shift Anisotropies in
Silicate Models -- Effects of Isotopic Substitution and Temperature on Nuclear Magnetic Shielding -- The Role of NMR Shifts in Structural Studies of Glasses, Ceramics and Minerals -- The Influence of Structure and Geometry on the 31P,
29Si, 13C and 1H Chemical Shifts -- Nitrogen shielding tensors -- 1H and 13C Solid-State NMR Studies of Catalytic Reactions on Molecular Sieves -- Theoretical Study of Chemical Shielding in Silatrane and its Derivatives -- Ab Initio
IGLO Studies of the Conformational Dependence of the ?-Effect in the 13C NMR Spectra of Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- Gas Phase Measurement and Ab Initio Calculations of 77Se and 113Cd Chemical Shifts -- Overview and Directions for the Future
-- Abstracts of Poster Presentations
ISBN:9789401116527
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 386
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401127103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Shape Optimization and Free Boundaries
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (462 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2710-3
Contents:Free boundary problems in geochemistry (with an Appendix by Riccardo Ricci) -- Shape derivatives and differentiability of Min Max -- Some free boundary problems with industrial applications -- Problèmes de surfaces libres en mécanique
des fluides -- Numerical structural optimization via a relaxed formulation -- Optimal shape design with applications to aerodynamics -- Approximation and localization of attractors -- Shape sensitivity analysis of variational
inequalities -- Diffusion with strong absorption -- An introduction to the mathematical theory of the porous medium equation -- Asymptotic behaviour near extinction points for a semilinear equation with strong absorption -- to shape
optimization problems and free boundary problems
ISBN:9789401127103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 380
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical models , Calculus of variations , Mechanics , Mathematics , Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control Optimization , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401124522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Deep-Sea Food Chains and the Global Carbon Cycle
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (400 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2
Contents:Bacterial Standing Stock and Consumption Of Organic Carbon in The Benthic Boundary Layer of The Abyssal North Atlantic -- Natural Bacterial Assemblages in Deep-Sea Sediments: Towards A Global View -- The Role of Deep-Sea Zooplankton
in Carbon Cycles -- Abundance and Biomass of Metazoan Meiobenthos in The Deep Sea -- The Role Of Benthic Foraminifera in Deep-Sea Food Webs and Carbon Cycling -- Possible Roles For Xenophyophores in Deep-Sea Carbon Cycling -- Foraging
of Scavenging Deep-Sea Lysianassoid Amphipods -- Deep-Sea Epibenthic Megafauna of The Northeast Atlantic: Abundance And Biomass At Three Mid-Oceanic Locations Estimated From Photographic Transects -- South Aegean (Eastern
Mediterranean) Continental Slope Benthos: Macroinfaunal-Environmental Relationships -- Production/Biomass Ratios, Size Frequencies and Biomass Spectra in Deep-Sea Demersal Fishes -- Organic Carbon Flux Through The Benthic Community in
The Temperate Abyssal Northeast Atlantic -- Benthic Secondary Production in The Deep Sea -- Metabolic Potential of Deep-Sea Animals: Regional and Global Scales -- Adenosine Nucleotides as Indicators of Deep-Sea Benthic Metabolism --
Effects of Spatial and Temporal Scale on The Relationship of Surface Pigment Biomass to Community Structure in The Deep-Sea Benthos -- Benthic Food Web Flows in The Santa Monica Basin Estimated Using Inverse Methodology -- Predicting
Community Dynamics From Food Web Structure -- The Spatial Distribution of Sea Floor Oxygen Consumption in The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans -- Using Monod Kinetics in Geochemical Models of Organic Carbon Mineralization in Deep Sea
Surficial Sediments -- The Characterization of Organic Matter From Abyssal Sediments, Pore Waters and Sediment Traps -- Particle Export and Resuspension Fluxes in The Western North Atlantic -- Large Aggregate Flux and Fate at The
Seafloor: Diagenesis During The Rebound Process -- Factors Controlling Bioturbation in Deep-Sea Sediments and Their Relation to Models of Carbon Diagenesis -- Adding Biology to One-Dimensional Models of Sediment-Carbon Degradation: The
Multi-B Approach
ISBN:9789401124522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 360
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Oceanography , Aquatic ecology , Evolutionary biology , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Evolutionary Biology , Freshwater & Marine Ecology , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789401126083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Black Sea Oceanography
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (487 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2608-3
Contents:Hydrographic Variability in the Black Sea -- Double Diffusive Intrusions, Mixing and Deep Sea Convective Processes in the Black Sea -- On the Dynamics of the Southern Black Sea -- Noble Gases and Tritium in the Black Sea -- Factors
Affecting the Oxygen Isotopic Composition of the Black Sea -- Geochemical and Structural Aspects of the pycnocline in the Black Sea (R/V Knorr 134-8 Leg 1,1988) -- Nitrogen Transformations in the Oxic Layer of Permanent Anoxic Basins:
The Black Sea and the Cariaco Trench -- Thermodynamic Modelling of Trace Metal Speciation in the Black Sea -- Total and Suspended Cadmium, Cobalt, Copper, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Nickel, and Zinc in the Water Column of the Black Sea --
Potential for Manganese (II) Oxidation and Manganese (IV) Reduction to Co-occur in the Suboxic Zone of the Black Sea -- Sulfur and Iodine Speciation in the Water Column of the Black Sea -- The Oxidation of H2O with O2 in The Black Sea
-- Ruthenium-106 in the Black Sea -- 137Cs and 239,240Pu Concentrations in the Black Sea Water Column -- Radionuclide Distributions in Recent Black Sea Sediments -- Microbial Processes in the Black Sea Water Column and Top Sediment: An
Overview -- A Review of the General Food Web in the Black Sea -- Biogenic Aggregate Sedimentation in the Black Sea Basin -- On the Sulfur and Carbon Balances in the Black Sea -- Organic Matter Sources in the Black Sea as Inferred from
Hydrocarbon Distributions -- Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Geochemistry of Black Sea surface Sediments from Stations Spanning the Oxic: Anoxic Boundary -- The Nature and Distribution of Fluorescent Dissolved Organic Matter in the Black
Sea and the Cariaco Trench -- Recent Geological Evolution of the Black Sea: An Overview -- The Effects of Neotectonic Movements on the Recent Sedimentation of the SW Black Sea -- Upper Holocene Sediments of the Black Sea: Summary of
Leg 4 Box Cores (1988 Black Sea Oceanographic Expedition) -- Uranium Precipitation in Black Sea Sediments -- Pollution Chronology of the Golden Horn Sediments -- Sampling and Analysis of Aerosols in the Black Sea Atmosphere
ISBN:9789401126083
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 351
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Oceanography , Aquatic ecology , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Freshwater & Marine Ecology , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781468458954:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optoelectronics for Environmental Science Proceedings of the 14th course of the International School of Quantum Electronics on Optoelectronics for Environmental Science, held September 3–12, 1989, in Erice, Italy
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (302 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5895-4
Contents:In-Situ Measurements -- Techniques and Programs -- Atmospheric pollution monitoring using laser lidars -- Laser fluorescence spectroscopy in environmental monitoring -- Optical fiber sensors for the environment -- Fibre optic chemical
and biochemical sensors for environmental monitoring -- Realizations and programs of ENEA in the field of optoelectronics -- Atmospheric Ozone -- The Italian program in Antarctica, related to the ozone hole problem and the experimental
cloud lidar pilot study -- Differential absorption lidar detection of ozone in the troposphere and lower stratosphere -- Determination of atmospheric ozone profiles at 68N and 79N with a daylight lidar instrument -- Other Atmospheric
Sensing -- Laser atmospheric wind velocity measurements -- Differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) for the continuous monitoring of atmospheric trace constituents at a high alpine station -- Photoacoustic NH3 monitoring
with waveguide CO2 lasers -- Oceanographic Measurements -- Fluorescence lidars in environmental remote sensing -- Hydrographie applications of airborne laser spectroscopy -- Laboratory Analytical Techniques -- Heavy Metal Analysis --
Quantitative detection of strontium-90 and strontium-89 in environmental samples by laser mass spectroscopy -- Laser ultrasensitive photoionization detection of rare elements in geochemistry, oceanology and study of geological
catastrophes -- Determination of toxic metals in environmental objects by laser excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry -- Trace analysis of plutonium and technetium by resonance ionization mass spectrometry using an atomic beam and a
laser ion source -- Other Trace Elements -- Tunable diode laser spectroscopy for the reconstruction of atmospheric CO2-concentrâtions of the past 50,000 years -- Resonance ionization spectroscopy for dating very old groundwater --
Techniques and Instrumentation -- Laser ablation for microanalysis -- The fundamentals of trace analysis using resonant ionization mass spectroscopy -- Production and detection of selectively laser ionized species -- Principles of
complex interferometry -- Adaptive optics in the far IR and submillimeter ranges
ISBN:9781468458954
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Ettore Majorana International Science Series, Physical Sciences : 54
Keywords: Environment , Acoustics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Electrical engineering , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Environment , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Electrical Engineering , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Acoustics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400920552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Granulites and Crustal Evolution
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (585 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2055-2
Contents:The NATO ARW granulite conference: a report -- Crustal Evolution -- Genesis of continental crust: evidence from island arcs, granulites, and exospheric processes -- The granulite — granite connexion -- Heat, fluids, and melting in the
granulite facies -- Granites, granulites, and crustal differentiation -- Regional Syntheses -- Europe -- Evolution of the lower crust in the Ivrea zone: a model based on isotopic and geochemical data -- The granulite belt of Lapland --
North and South America -- A model for the granulite-migmatite association in the Archean basement of southwestern Montana -- Multi stage late Archaean granulite facies metamorphism in Northern Labrador, Canada -- Archean tectonic
setting of granulite terranes of the Superior Province, Canada, a view from the bottom -- The granulites of the Jequié complex and Atlantic Coast mobile belt, Southern Bahia, Brazil — An expression of Archean/Early Proterozoic plate
convergence -- From Africa to India -- Pressure-Temperature-Time paths of granulite metamorphism and uplift, Zambesi belt, N.E. Zimbabwe -- Thermal history and tectonic setting of the Namaqualand granulites, Southern Africa: clues to
Proterozoic crustal development -- The granulite-facies rocks of the Limpopo belt, Southern Africa -- Crustal evolution of the granulites of Madagascar -- Nature and scale of fluid-rock exchange in granulite grade rocks of Sri Lanka: a
stable isotope study -- The granulite terrane of the Nilgiri Hills (Southern India): characterization of high-grade metamorphism -- Fluids and Petrological Equilibria -- Granulites of Satnuru and Madras: A study in different behaviour
of fluids -- Scapolite phase equilibria: additional constraints on the role of CO2 in granulite genesis -- Synmetamorphic fluid inclusions in granulites -- Fluid inclusions in granulites: peak vs. retrograde formation -- Thermometry
and barometry of mafic granulites based on garnet — clinopyroxene — plagioclase — quartz assemblages -- Geochemistry and Geophysics -- Geochronology in Granulites -- Origin of granulites: geochemical constraints from Archean granulite
facies rocks of the Sino-Korean craton, China -- The oxygen isotope composition of lower crustal granulite xenoliths -- Ionprobe investigation of rare earth element distributions and partial melting of metasedimentary granulites --
Geochemistry of intermediate/- to high-pressure granulites -- Thermal data and crustal structure. Role of granites and the depleted lower crust -- Some thermal aspects of granulite history -- Key word/subject index
ISBN:9789400920552
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 311
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy , Geochemistry , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400920293:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic versus Antarctic
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (823 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2029-3
Contents:The Geological History of Cenozoic Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus Antarctic — An Introduction -- Physiography and Plate Tectonics of the Polar Deep-Sea Basins and Their Continental Margins -- Morphology and Plate Tectonics: The Modern
Polar Oceans -- The Opening of the Arctic Ocean -- On the Tectonic Evolution and Paleoceanographic Significance of the Fram Strait Gateway -- The Evolution of the Svalbard Margins: Synthesis and New Results -- The Western Barents Sea
During the Cenozoic -- Structures in Rift-Basin Sediments on the Conjugate Margins of Western Tasmania, South Tasman Rise, and Ross Sea, Antarctica -- A Fine-Scale Seismic Stratigraphy of the Eastern Margin of the Weddell Sea -- Some
Speculations Regarding the Nature of the Explora-Andenes Escarpment, Weddell Sea -- Polar Ice — Covers as Geological Agents -- A Comparison of Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice and the Effects of Different Properties on Sea Ice Biota -- Sea
Ice Characteristics and the Role of Sediment Inclusions in Deep-Sea Deposition: Arctic — Antarctic Comparisons -- Cycles, Rhythms, and Events in Quaternary Arctic and Antarctic Glaciomarine Deposits -- Cenozoic Glacier Fluctuations in
Polar Regions — Terrestrial Records From Antarctica and the North Atlantic Sector of the Arctic -- Past Changes in Precipitation Rate and Ice Thickness as Derived From Age — Depth Profiles in Ice-Sheets Application to Greenland and
Canadian Arctic Ice Core Records -- Stability of the Arctic Ocean Ice-Cover and Pleistocene Warming Events: Outlining the Problem -- Late Weichselian Ice Recession in the Central Barents Sea -- Modern Depositional Environments of Polar
Oceans -- Distribution Patterns of Calcareous Foraminifers in Arctic Ocean Sediments -- Physiographic and Biologic Factors Controlling Surface Sediment Distribution in the Fram Strait -- Norwegian — Iceland Seas: Transfer Functions
Between Marine Planktic Diatoms and Surface Water Temperature -- Particle Sedimentation and Productivity in Antarctic Waters of the Atlantic Sector -- Sediment Patterns in the Southern Weddell Sea: Filchner Shelf and Filchner
Depression -- Quaternary History and Paleoceanography of Polar Oceans -- The Last Deglaciation in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres: A Comparison Based on Oxygen Isotope, Sea Surface Temperature Estimates, and Accelerator 14C
Dating From Deep-Sea Sediments -- Synthesis of Arctic and Sub-Arctic Coccolith Biochronology and History of North Atlantic Drift Water Influx During the Last 500.000 Years -- Coccoliths in Sediments of the Eastern Arctic Basin --
Foraminiferal Assemblages in Sediments From Mendeleev Ridge, Arctic Ocean -- Physical and Acoustic Properties of Arctic Ocean Deep-Sea Sediments: Paleoclimatic Implications -- High Resolution 10Be and 230Th Stratigraphy of Late
Quaternary Sediments From the Fram Strait (Core 23235) -- The Enigma of Oxygen Isotope Stage 5 in the Central Fram Strait -- Dropstones in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea — Indications of Late Quaternary Circulation Patterns? -- Glacial to
Interglacial Changes in the Isotopic Gradients of Southern Ocean Surface Water -- Stable Isotope Record and Late Quaternary Sedimentation Rates at the Antarctic Continental Margin -- Pre-Quaternary Records of Polar Ocean History --
Evolution of Biosiliceous Sedimentation Patterns — Eocene through Quaternary: Paleoceanographic Response to Polar Cooling -- Neogene to Recent Palynostratigraphy of Circum-Arctic Basins: Results of ODP Leg 104, Norwegian Sea, Leg 105,
Baffin Bay, and DSDP Site 611, Irminger Sea -- Miocene to Quaternary Paleoceanography in the Northern North Atlantic: Variability in Carbonate and Biogenic Opal Accumulation -- Neogene and Pleistocene Glaciations in the Northern
Hemisphere and Late Miocene — Pliocene Global Ice Volume Fluctuations: Evidence From the Norwegian Sea -- Southern Ocean Response to the Intensification of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation at 2.4 Ma -- Pliocene — Pleistocene
Paleoceanography in the Weddell Sea — Siliceous Microfossil Evidence -- Polar Front Fluctuations and the Upper Gauss to Brunhes Paleoceanographic Record in the Southeast Atlantic Ocean -- Authors Index
ISBN:9789400920293
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 308
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400906754:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exposed Cross-Sections of the Continental Crust
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (672 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0675-4
Contents:Phanerozoic Sections -- The Ivrea crustal cross-section (northern Italy and southern Switzerland) -- The exposed crustal cross section of southern Calabria, Italy: structure and evolution of a segment of Hercynian crust -- An exposed
cross-section of continental crust, Doubtful Sound Fiordland, New Zealand geophysical and geological setting -- Uplift and exhumation of middle and lower crustal rocks in an extensional tectonic setting, Fiordland, New Zealand -- A
crustal cross-section for a terrain of superimposed shortening and extension: Ruby Mountains-East Humboldt Range metamorphic core complex, Nevada -- Progress in tectonic and petrogenetic studies in an exposed cross- section of young
(~100 Ma) continental crust, southern Sierra Nevada, California -- Characteristics of a continental margin magmatic arc as a function of depth: the Skagit-Methow crustal section -- The evolution of the Kamila Shear Zone, Kohistan,
Pakistan -- Crustal formation at depth during continental collision -- Precambrian Sections -- A Field Guide to the Kapuskasing Uplift, a cross section through the Archean Superior province -- Major thrust faults and the vertical
zonation of the middle to upper Proterozoic crust in central Australia -- The late Archean high-grade terrain of south India and the deep structure of the Dharwar Craton -- An oblique cross section of Archean continental crust at the
northwestern margin of Superior Province, Manitoba, Canada -- Two transects across the Grenville Front, Killarney and Tyson Lake areas, Ontario -- Crustal Composition and the Role of Fluids -- Basaltic composition xenoliths and the
formation, modification and preservation of lower crust -- Average composition of lower and intermediate continental crust, Kapuskasing structural zone, Ontario -- Fluid-rock interactions in the Ivrea Zone and the origin of high lower
crustal conductivities -- Electrical conductivity: the story of an elusive parameter, and of how it possibly relates to the Kapuskasing Uplift (Lithoprobe, Canada) -- Faults, Crustal Deformation and Emplacement Mechanisms --
Deformation sequence in the southeastern Kapuskasing structural zone, Ivanhoe Lake, Ontario, Canada -- The exhumation of cross sections of the continental crust: structure, kinematics and rheology -- The fluid crustal layer and its
implications for continental dynamics -- Geophysical Structure and Properties of the Crust -- Geophysical interpretation of astrogravimetric data in the Ivrea Zone -- The nature of the Kapuskasing Structural Zone: results from the 1984
seismic refraction experiment -- Exposed continental crust: seismic results to be tested -- The structure of the crust and uppermost mantle offshore Britain: deep seismic reflection profiling and crustal cross-sections -- Intracrustal
detachment and wedging along a detailed cross section in Central Europe -- Overview -- Strategy for exploration of the buried continental crust -- Exposed cross sections of the continental crust - synopsis
ISBN:9789400906754
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 317
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Structural geology , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Structural Geology , Geophysics/Geodesy , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400909915:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fluid Movements — Element Transport and the Composition of the Deep Crust
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (436 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0991-5
Contents:Magmas as a source of heat and fluids in granulite facies metamorphism. -- Morphology of granulite — amphibolite facies transitions: The importance of fluid movements. -- Contrasting mechanisms of charnockite formation in the
amphibolite to granulite grade transition zones of southern India. -- Chemical changes associated with formation of granulite and migration of complex C-O-H-S fluids, Sri Lanka. -- Metamorphism and melting at an exposed example of the
Conrad discontinuity, Kapuskasing uplift, Canada. -- Melt-induced fluid pumping and the source of CO2 in granulites. -- P-T and fluid evolution of the Angmagssalik “charnockite” complex, SE Greenland. -- Processes of formation and
retrogression of Scourian granulites. -- Proterozoic metasediments from the deep crust of Rogaland, SW Norway: Chemistry of metabasites and granofelses. -- Limited fluid transport from the gneiss core toward the schist envelope of the
dome de L’Agout, France. -- Hydrothermal graphite veins and Acadian granulite facies metamorphism New Hampshire, USA. -- The crustal origin of eclogite - static or dynamic. -- Retrogression and fluid movement across a
granulite-amphibolite facies boundary in middle Archaean Nuk gneisses, Fiskefjord, southern West Greenland. -- Mineral changes, element mobility, and fluids associated with deep shearing in the Mount Helen structural belt, Wyoming,
U.S.A. -- The Ataneq fault and mid-Proterozoic retrograde metamorphism of early Archaean tonalites of the Isukasia area, southern West Greenland: Reactions, fluid compositions and implications for regional studies. -- Deformation and
mass transport in the Nordre Strømfjord shear zone, Central West Greenland. -- Metasomatic alteration of ultramafic rocks. -- Mass balance of a gabbroic rock-amphibolite transition. -- Mass transfer related to ductile shear zone
development in a metagabbro. -- Incorporation of Rb in muscovite during progressive medium grade metamorphism. An interpretation of experimental results. -- Fluid control on emplacement of sialic magmas during Archaean crustal
accretion. -- The isotopic characterisation of aqueous and leucogranitic crustal fluids. -- Stable isotope fronts and crustal buffering - 1 dimensional mass balance and kinetics. -- The effect of fluid-controlled element mobility
during metamorphism on whole rock isotope systems, some theoretical aspects and possible examples. -- On the possible role of fluid transport in the distribution of U and Pb in an Archaean gneiss complex. -- Reappraisal of crustal
evolution at Kangimut sammisoq, Ameralik fjord, southern West Greenland: Fluid movement and interpretation of Pb/Pb isotopic data. -- Changes in the isotopic composition of whole-rock Pb during different stages of retrogression of late
Archaean granulite facies gneisses from Kangimut sammisoq, southern West Greenland. -- Diffusion and/or plastic deformation around fluid inclusions in synthetic quartz: New investigations. -- Permeability, bulk modulus and complex
resistivity in crystalline rocks. -- Rock-fluid interaction: interpetation by zeta potential and complex resistivity measurements
ISBN:9789400909915
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 281
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400940291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantitative Analysis of Mineral and Energy Resources
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (738 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4029-1
Contents:1. Integration of Data for Resource Evaluation -- Application of recent developments of regression analysis in regional mineral resource evaluation -- Poisson regression analysis and its application -- Measurement, sampling and
interpretation -- Levels of information and probability mapping -- Review of geomathematical applications for mineral resources evaluation in China -- 2. Statistical Analysis of Geochemical Data -- New approaches to the recognition of
anomalies in exploration geochemistry -- Univariate patterns in the design of multivariate analysis techniques for geochemical data evaluation -- Application of robust statistics in the analysis of geochemical data -- 3. Statistical
Mehtods for Oil and Gas Resource Evaluation -- U.S. Geological Survey assessment methodology for estimation of undiscovered petroleum resources in play analysis of the Artic National Wildlife Refuge -- Statistical evaluation of
petroleum deposits before discovery -- On assessing dry probabilities in offshore oil and gas exploration: an application of Bayes’s theorem -- Statistical analysis of oil and gas discovery data -- 4. Image Processing in Earth Sciences
-- Automated integration of mineral resource data by image processing and artificial intelligence -- Principles of mathematical morphology -- The use of geological image analysis in remote sensing and seismic attribute integration for
resource assessment -- Statistical image processing -- 5. Statistical Analysis of Spatial Data -- Spatial analysis of patterns of land-based and ocean-floor ore deposits -- Point processes for the earth sciences -- 6. Geostatistics --
An unconventional approach to geostatistical estimation -- Case studies on modelling complex sulphide orebodies for ore reserve estimation using geostatistical methods -- A Bayesian approach to surface estimation -- Conditional
simulation of indicator data. Case study of a multi-seam coal deposit -- Factorial kriging as a method to include spatial structure into classification. A case study on a sulphide orebody -- Geostatistical techniques for interpreting
multivariate spatial information -- 7. Other Statisitcal Methodologies for Geoscience Data -- The shape of Lloydminster oil and gas deposit attribute data -- Confidence bands for the distribution and quantile functions for truncated
and randomly censored data -- Geostatistical crustal abundance resource models -- 8. Artificial Intelligence in Earth Sciences -- The usage of Artificial intelligence in remote sensing: a review of applications and current research --
GEOVALUATOR, an expert system for resource appraisal: a demonstration prototype for kaolin in Georgia, U.S.A -- GEMS: a microcomputer-based expert system for digital image data -- On the understanding of geological cross-sections by
expert systems -- 9. Other Contributed Papers -- Examples of spatial analysis and management in the geographical and conformal projection domains -- A classification procedure for exploitable reserves -- Drainage and divide networks
derived from high-fidelity digital terrain models -- An algebraic model for data structure and manipulation as a design basis for integrated geoscience processing systems -- Case study on application of qualitative data analysis
techniques to an uranium mineralization -- A shell for microcomputer exploration software used in developing countries -- Optimal exploration strategies: the synthesis of resource assessments and operations research -- Advantages and
limitations of discovery process modeling: the case of the Northern West Siberian gas plays -- Some aspects of multivariate analysis -- Workshop Reports -- Current problems and future developments in multivariate analysis -- Current
problems and future developments in oil and gas resource modeling and forecasting -- Current problems and future developments in spatial statistics and image processing -- Current problems and future developments in mineral and energy
resource expert system development -- Current problems and future developments in the use of microcomputers
ISBN:9789400940291
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 223
Keywords: Earth sciences , Economic geology , Earth Sciences , Economic Geology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400930711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physical and Chemical Weathering in Geochemical Cycles
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (376 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3071-1
Contents:Weathering Rates and Major Transport Processes — An Introduction -- Rate Control of Weathering of Silicate Minerals at Room Temperature and Pressure -- Microbial Weathering Processes in Natural Environments -- Paleosols and the
Evolution of the Atmosphere: Part I -- Slope Erosion and Mass Movement in Relation to Weathering and Geochemical Cycles -- Loess — Its Formation, Transport and Economic Significance -- Lake Sediments as Indicators of Changes in Land
Erosion Rates -- Movement and Storage of Sediment in River Systems -- Influence of Acid Rain on Weathering Rates -- Freshwater Carbon and the Weathering Cycle -- Weathering and Erosion in the Humid Tropics -- How to Establish and use
World Budgets of Riverine Materials -- Transport and Deposition of Suspended Matter in Estuaries and the Nearshore Sea -- Riverborne Materials and the Continent-Ocean Interface -- Strontium Storage and Release During Deposition and
Diagenesis of Marine Carbonates Related to Sea-Level Variations -- Sediment Cycling During Earth History -- Solid Earth as a Recycling System: Temporal Dimensions of Global Tectonics
ISBN:9789400930711
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 251
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Hydrogeology , Soil science , Soil conservation , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Hydrogeology , Soil Science & Conservation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400930452:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Trends in Coal Science
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (529 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3045-2
Contents:I. Structure of Coal -- The Origin of Coals -- The Nature and Origins of Coal Macerals -- Macromolecular Structure of Coals: Status and Opportunities -- Solvent Swelling of Coals -- Solid State 13C NMR in Coal Research: Selected
Techniques and Application -- A New Approach for Quantitative 13C NMR Spectroscopy of Coal -- Structural Analysis of Coal Derivatives -- Estimating Thermophysical Properties of Coal Liquids Using NMR Spectra -- The Infrared Spectra of
Coals, 1980–1986 -- to Coal Photochemistry -- Coal Characterization by Means of Curie-Point Pyrolysis Techniques -- Chromatographic Techniques in Coal Science -- The Oxygen Functional Groups in Bituminous Coal -- II. Reactivity of Coal
-- Slow and Rapid Pyrolysis of Coal -- Coal Liquefaction Kinetics -- Catalysis of Coal Liquefaction -- Solubilization of Coal -- Supercritical Gas Extraction of Coal -- Coal Desulphurization. The Protodesulphurization of Naphthalene
Thiols and Sulphides -- Kinetics of Coal Gasification -- Transport and Other Effects in Coal Gasification -- Fluidized Bed Combustion of Coal -- Prediction of the Behaviour of Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Coal Combustors
ISBN:9789400930452
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 244
Keywords: Chemistry , Renewable energy resources , Chemical engineering , Geochemistry , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Chemistry , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Renewable and Green Energy , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783540392460:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray Microscopy II Proceedings of the International Symposium, Brookhaven, NY, August 31–September 4, 1987
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-39246-0
Contents:I X-Ray Sources -- Experience with Synchrotron Radiation Sources -- The NSLS Mini-Undulator -- Partial Coherence and Spectral Brightness at X-Ray Wavelengths -- A Plasma Focus as Radiation Source for a Laboratory X-Ray Microscope --
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Soft-X-Ray Laser Program -- X-Ray Laser Sources for Microscopy -- Laser Plasma Soft X-Ray Source: A Dedicated Small Source at the Central Laser Facility -- Soft X-Ray Laser Microscopy -- Laser
Plasma Soft X-Ray Sources: Overcoming the Debris Problem by Means of Relay Optics -- Status of the Taiwan Light Source -- The Potential of Laser Plasma Sources in Scanning X-Ray Microscopy -- Future Plans for X-Ray Microscopy at the
SRS -- II X-Ray Optics and Components -- Theoretical Investigations of Imaging Properties of Zone Plates Using Diffraction Theory -- Microzone Plate Fabrication by 100keV Electron Beam Lithography -- Zone Plates for Scanning X-Ray
Microscopy: Contamination Writing and Efficiency Enhancement -- Phase Zone Plates for the Göttingen X-Ray Microscopes -- Axisymmetric Grazing Incidence Optics for an X-Ray Microscope and Microprobe -- Bragg-Fresnel Optics: Principles
and Prospects of Applications -- High Resolution Image Storage in Polymers -- Application of Charge Coupled Detectors in X-Ray Microscopy -- Advances in X-Ray Optics — ’87 -- Zone Plates for the Nanometer Wavelength Range --
Sputtered-Sliced Linear Zone Plates for 8keV X-Rays -- Measurement of Resolution in Zone Plate X-Ray Microscopy -- Using Radiachromic Films for Soft X-Ray Dosimetry -- A Detector System for High Photon Rates for a Scanning X-Ray
Microscope -- Multislice Calculations of Dynamic Soft X-Ray Scattering -- Fabrication and Focal Test of a Free-Standing Zone Plate in the VUV Region -- Scattering Measurements of Soft X-Ray Mirrors -- Scattering, Absorption, and a
Detailed Look at the Field Near an Absorbing Particle -- X-Ray Zone Plate with Tantalum Film for an X-Ray Microscope -- Experimental Demonstration of Producing High Resolution Zone Plates by Spatial-Frequency Multiplication -- Overview
of Activity in X-Ray Microscopy in Japan -- III X-Ray Microscopes and Imaging Systems -- The Stony Brook/NSLS Scanning Microscope -- Early Experience with the King’s College — Daresbury X-Ray Microscope -- The Göttingen Scanning X-Ray
Microscope -- Status of a Laboratory X-Ray Microscope -- First Images with the Soft X-Ray Image Converting Microscope at LURE -- Phase Contrast X-Ray Microscopy — Experiments at the BESSY Storage Ring -- X-Ray Fluorescence Imaging with
Synchrotron Radiation -- Synchrotron X-Ray Microtomography -- X-Ray Microscopy by Holography at LURE -- Progress in High-Resolution X-Ray Holographic Microscopy -- Fundamental Limits in X-Ray Holography -- Experimental Observation of
Diffraction Patterns from Micro-Specimens -- An X-Ray Microprobe Beam Line for Trace Element Analysis -- Possibilities for a Scanning Photoemission Microscope at the NSLS -- Design for a Fourier-Transform Holographic Microscope --
Photo-resist Studies in X-Ray Contact Microscopy -- Imaging X-Ray Microscopy with Extended Depth of Focus by Use of a Digital Image Processing System -- A Zone Plate Soft X-Ray Microscope Using Undulator Radiation at the Photon Factory
-- Scanning X-Ray Microradiography and Related Analysis in a SEM -- Image Capture in the Projection Shadow X-Ray Microscope -- The Stanford Tabletop Scanning X-Ray Microscope -- Examination of Soft X-Ray Contact Images in Photoresist
by the Low-Loss Electron Method in the Scanning Electron Microscope -- Soft X-Ray Contact Microscopy at Hefei -- A Projection X-Ray Microscope Converted from a Scanning Electron Microscope, and Its Applications -- IV Applications of
X-Ray Microscopy -- Applications of Soft X-Ray Imaging to Materials Science -- The Use of Soft X-Rays to Probe Mechanisms of Radiobiological Damage -- X-Ray Contact Microscopy, Using Synchrotron and Laser Sources, of Ultrasectioned,
Heavy Metal Contaminated Earthworm Tissue -- Biological Applications of Microtomography -- X-Ray Microscopy — Its Application to Biological Sciences -- Investigations of Biological Specimens with the X-Ray Microscope at BESSY -- The
Biology of the the Cell and the High Resolution X-Ray Microscope -- X-Ray Microscopy: A Comparative Assessment with Other Microscopies -- X-Ray Microscopy in the Study of Biological Structure: A Prospective View -- X-Ray Microscopy
Studies on the Pharmaco-Dynamics of Therapeutic Gallium in Rat Bones -- Location and Mapping of Gold Sites in Thin Sections of Unoxidized Carlin-Type Ores Using Complementary Micro-analytical Techniques -- Exploration of the
Demyelinated Axon of the Medullated Shrimp Giant Nerve by Soft X-Ray Scanning Microscopy -- Comparison of Soft X-Ray Contact Microscopy with Other Microscopical Techniques for the Study of the Fine Structure of Plant Cells --
Biological Applications at LBL’s Soft X-Ray Contact Microscopy Station -- X-Ray Microscopy of Single Neurons in the Central Nervous System -- X-Ray Introscopy of Mediastinal Lymph Nodes Using Synchrotron Radiation -- Absorption Edge
Imaging of Sporocide-Treated and Non-treated Bacterial Spores -- The Role of High-Energy Synchrotron Radiation in Biomedical Trace Element Research -- X-Ray Contact Microscopy of Human Chromosomes and Human Fibroblasts -- Soft X-Ray
Contact Microscopy of Botanical Material Using Laser-Produced Plasmas or Synchrotron Radiation -- Advances in Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry: Trace Element Microdistributions with the Synchrotron X-Ray Fluorescence Microprobe -- V
Summary of Session on Future X-Ray Microscopy Facilities -- Report on Special Session on Future X-Ray Microscopy Facilities -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783540392460
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 56
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400940130:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemical Transport in Metasomatic Processes
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (782 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4013-0
Contents:Invited Lectures -- 18O/16O Evidence for Fluid-Rock Interaction in the Upper Mantle: Data from Ultramafic Nodules and K-Rich Volcanic Rocks in Italy -- Fluid Transport and Metasomatic Storage in the Mantle -- Metasomatism of the
Continental Lithosphere: Simulation of Isotope and Element Abundance Behaviour and Case Studies -- Fluid Inclusions and Pressure-Temperature Estimates in Deep-Seated Rocks -- Advective Metasomatism -- Metasomatism Involving Fluids in
CO2-H2O-Nacl -- Fluid Exchange between Reacting Bodies of Rock -- A Simple Thermodynamic Model for Grain Interfaces: Some Insights on Nucleation, Rock Textures, and Metamorphic Differentiation -- Application of Moderation Theorems to
Metasomatic Processes -- Induced Stress and Secondary Mass Transfer: Thermodynamic Basis for the Tendency Toward Constant-Volume Constraint in Diffusion Metasomatism -- Pre- or Synmetamorphic Metasomatism in Peraluminous Metamorphic
Rocks? -- Aluminum Speciation in Metamorphic Fluids -- Controls of the Chemical Composition of Geothermal Waters -- Metasomatism in Iceland: Hydrothermal Alteration and Remelting of Oceanic Crust -- Evolution of the Cycladic
Crystalline Complex: Petrology, Isotope Geochemistry, and Geochronology -- Tectonic Evolution of the Cycladic Blueschist Belt (Aegean Sea, Greece) -- Metamorphic Events in the Cyclades and their Associated Fluids -- Excursion Guide --
Excursion Guide to the Field Trip on Seriphos, Syros, and Naxos -- Contributed Poster Sessions — Papers -- Lagrangian and Eulerian Representations of Metasomatic Alteration of Minerals -- A Two-Stage, Transient Heat and Mass Transfer
Model for the Granodiorite Intrusion at Seriphos, Greece, and the Associated Formation of Contact Metasomatic Skarn and Fe-ore Deposits -- Hydrothermal Alteration of a Variscian Granite, Magmatic Autometasomatism and Fault Related Vein
Metasomatism -- A Model for Fluids in Metamorphosed Ultramafic Rocks: IV. Metasomatic Veins in Metaharzburgites of Cima Di Gagnone, Valle Verzasca, Switzerland -- Some Calculations Pertaining to an Integrated Chemical and
Stable-Isotope Model of the Origin of Mid-Ocean Ridge Hydrothermal Systems -- Transition Metal Mobility in Oceanic Ridge Crest Hydrothermal Systems at 350°C–425°C -- Ca-K Metasomatism in the System CaO-K2O-MgO-Al 2O3-SiO2-H2O and Skarn
Formation in Pelitic Rocks -- Geochemistry of Greisenized Granites and Metasomatic Schist of Tungsten-Tin Deposits in Portugal -- Tennahedrite Thermochemistry and Metal Zoning -- Prediction of the Thermodynamic Behavior of Aqueous
Silica in Aqueous Complex Solutions at Various Temperatures -- Contributed Poster Sessions — Abstracts -- Sulfide Solubilities in Buffered Systems from 400 to 600°C and 0.5 to 2 Kb and Depositional Implications -- Diffusion and/or
Plastic Deformation around Fluid Inclusions in Synthetic Quartz -- Hydrogen Metasomatism in Geothermal Fields: A Geothermometric Approach Involving Fluids and Mineral Compositions -- Pressure-Temperature and Evolution of Fluid
Compositions of Al2SiO5-Bearing Rocks, Mica Creek, British Columbia, in Light of Fluid Inclusion Data and Mineral Equilibria -- The Composition of Hydrothermal Fluids Responsible for Silicate Reaction Veins in Dolomitic Marbles --
Distribution of Beryllium in Rocks from the SN-W Granite of Regoufe, N. Portugal
ISBN:9789400940130
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 218
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400938038:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Marine Minerals Advances in Research and Resource Assessment
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (588 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3803-8
Contents:Summary Reports -- Report of the working group on placer minerals -- Report of the working group on marine phosphorites -- Report of the working group on manganese nodules and crusts -- Report of the working group on marine sulfides
-- Contributed Papers -- Placers -- Sedimentary models to estimate the heavy-mineral potential of shelf sediments -- Exploring the offshore area of N.E. Greece for placer deposits -- Marine placers: Reconnaissance exploration
technology -- The development of techniques for marine geological surveys -- Phosphorites -- Model of Tertiary phosphorites on the world’s continental margins -- Open-ocean phosphorites: In a class by themselves? -- Some mineral
resources of the West African continental shelves related to Holocene shorelines: Phosphorite (Gabon, Congo), glauconite (Congo) and ilmenite (Senegal, Mauritania) -- Exploration and genesis of submarine phosphorite deposits from the
Chatham Rise, New Zealand: A review -- Manganese nodules and crusts -- Controls on the nature and distribution of manganese nodules in the western Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- Growth history and variability of manganese nodules of the
Equatorial North Pacific -- Chemistry and growth history of central Pacific Mn-crusts and their economic importance -- Geochemical methods in manganese nodule exploration -- Analysis and metallurgy of manganese nodules and crusts --
Nodule exploration: Accomplishments, needs and problems -- Deep-ocean near-bottom surveying techniques -- Metalliferous sulfides -- Seafloor polymetallic sulfides: Scientific curiosities or mines of the future? -- Sulfide deposits of
the seafloor: Geological models and resource perspectives based on studies in ophiolite sequences -- Recent hydrothermal metal accumulation, products, and conditions of formation -- The chemistry of submarine ore-forming solutions --
Trace element and precious metal concentrations in East Pacific Rise, Cyprus and Red Sea submarine sulfide deposits -- Possibility of mineral enrichment in the Black Sea -- Seafloor volcanism and polymetallic sulfide deposits in
ancient active margins: The case of the Iberian pyrite belt -- Scientific rationale for establishing long-term ocean bottom observatory/laboratory systems -- Electrical methods in the exploration of seafloor mineral deposits --
Resource assessment and geostatistics -- Sources of confusion: What are marine mineral resources? -- Thoughts on appraising marine mineral resources -- Estimation of the probability of occurrence of polymetallic massive sulfide
deposits on the ocean floor -- Resource assessments, geological deposit models and offshore minerals with an example of heavy-mineral sands -- Aspects of marine placer minerals: Economic potential of coastal deposits in Italy, testing
procedures and market conditions -- Geostatistical problems in marine placer exploration -- Geostatistical reserve modeling and mining simulation of the Atlantis II Deepl’s metalliferous sediments -- An investigation of the
applicability of trend surface analysis to marine exploration geochemistry -- List of Participants of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Marine Minerals: Resource Assessment Strategies
ISBN:9789400938038
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 194
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400954762:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Biogeochemical Cycling of Sulfur and Nitrogen in the Remote Atmosphere
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (264 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5476-2
Contents:I: The Emission of Sulfur and Nitrogen to the Remote Atmosphere -- 1. Background Paper: Sulfur Emission -- 2. Background Paper: Nitrogen Emission -- 3. Working Group Report -- II: The Transformations of Sulfur and Nitrogen in the
Remote Atmosphere -- 4. Background Paper -- 5. Working Group Report -- II: The Transport of Sulfur and Nitrogen through the Remote Atmosphere -- 6. Background Paper -- 7. Working Group Report -- IV: The Deposition of Sulfur and
Nitrogen from the Remote Atmosphere -- 8. Background Paper -- 9. Working Group Report -- V: Overview and Summary -- 10. The Cycling of Sulfur and Nitrogen in the Remote Atmosphere -- 11. Summary -- Epilogue -- Author Index
ISBN:9789400954762
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Science, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 159
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Hydrogeology , Earth Sciences , Hydrogeology , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400954502:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Deep Proterozoic Crust in the North Atlantic Provinces
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (603 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5450-2
Contents:The Deep Proterozoic Crust in the North-Atlantic Provinces -- 1. Opening address -- 2. Precambrian geodynamical constraints -- 3. Seismic reflection results from Precambrian Crust -- 4. Proterozoic anorthosite massifs -- 5. Sm-Nd
isotopic studies of Proterozoic anorthosites: systematics and implications -- 6. Temperature, pressure and metamorphic fluid regimes in the amphibolite facies to granulite facies transition zones -- 7. Fluid enhanced mass transport in
deep crust and its influence on element abundances and isotope systems -- 8. C-O-H fluid calculations and granulite genesis -- The Proterozoic Provinces in North America and Greenland -- 9. Tectonic framework of the Grenville Province
in Ontario and western Quebec, Canada -- 10. A 1650 Ma orogenic belt within the Grenville Province of northeastern Canada -- 11. A reassessment of the Grenvillian Orogeny in western Labrador -- 12. Geological evolution of the
Adirondack mountains: A review -- 13. Polymetamorphism in the Adirondacks: wollastonite at contacts of shallowly intruded anorthosite -- 14. Pb-isotopic studies of Proterozoic igneous rocks, West Greenland, with implications on the
evolution of the Greenland shield -- 15. Correlations between the Grenville Province and Sveconorwegian orogenic belt — implications for Proterozoic evolution of the southern margins of the Canadian and Baltic Shields -- The
Proterozoic Provinces in South Scandinavia: Geological Evolution and Structure -- 16. The evolution of the South Norwegian Proterozoic as revealed by the major and mega-tectonics of the Kongsberg and Bamble sectors -- 17. Tectonic
environment and age relationships of the Telemark Supracrustals, southern Norway -- 18. Geotectonic evolution of southern Scandinavia in light of a late-Proterozoic plate-collision -- 19. The Mandal-Ustaoset line, a newly discovered
major fault zone in South Norway -- 20. Terrane displacement and Sveconorvegian rotation of the Baltic shield: A working hypothesis -- 21. Proterozoic development of Bohuslän, south-western Sweden -- 22. Late Presveconorwegian
magmatism in the Östfold-Marstrand Belt, Bohuslän, SW Sweden -- 23. The West Uusimaa complex, Finland: an early Proterozoic thermal dome -- The Proterozoic Provinces in South Scandinavia: Geochronology and Geochemistry -- 24.
Geochronological framework for the Late-Proterozoic evolution of the Baltic Shield in South Scandinavia -- 25. Isotope geochronology of the Proterozoic crustal segment of southern Norway: A review -- 26. Neodymium isotope evidence for
the age and origin of the Proterozoic of Telemark, South Norway -- 27. The Rogaland anorthosites: facts and speculations -- 28. Metamorphic zoning in the high-grade Proterozoic of Rogaland-Vest Agder, SW Norway -- 29. Geothermometry
and geobarometry in Rogaland and preliminary results from the Bamble area, South Norway -- 30. Fluid regime in southern Norway: The record of fluid inclusions -- 31. Geochemical constraints on the evolution of the Proterozoic
continental crust in southern Norway (Telemark Sector) -- 32. Geochemical evolution of the 1.6 - 1.5 Ga-old amphibolite-granulite facies terrain, Bamble Sector, Norway: dispelling the myth of Grenvillian high-grade reworking -- 33. A
preliminary study of REE elements and fluid inclusions in the Homme granite, Flekkefjord, South Norway
ISBN:9789400954502
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 158
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400953338:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Chemistry of Weathering
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (324 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5333-8
Contents:Preface -- Chemical Models of Weathering in Soils -- Multicomponent Solid Solutions for Clay Minerals and Computer Modeling of Weathering Processes -- Dissolution Mechanisms of Pyroxenes and Olivines During Weathering -- The Effects
of Complex-Forming Ligands on The Dissolution of Oxides and Aluminosilicates -- Kinetic Study of The Dissolution of Albite With a Continuous Flow-Through Fluidized Bed Reactor -- Interstratified Clay Minerals and Weathering Processes
-- Formation of Secondary Iron Oxides in Various Environments -- Physical Conditions in Alunite Precipitation as a Secondary Mineral -- This Planet is Alive—Weathering and Biology, A Multi-Facetted Problem -- Solubilization, Transport,
and Deposition of Mineral Cations by Microorganisms - Efficient Rock Weathering Agents -- Chemical Weathering and Solution Chemistry in Acid Forest Soils: Differential Influence of Soil Type, Biotic Processes, and H+ Deposition --
Proton Consumption Rates in Holocene and Present-Day Weathering of Acid Forest Soils -- Equilibrium and Disequilibrium Between Pore Waters and Minerals in the Weathering Environment -- Hydrogeochemical Constraints on Mass Balances in
Forested Watersheds of the Southern Appalachians -- Past and Present Serpentinisation of Ultramafic Rocks An Example from the Semail Ophiolite Nappe of Northern Oman -- Manganese Concentration Through Chemical Weathering of Metamorphic
Rocks Under Lateritic Conditions -- River Chemistry, Geology, Geomorphology, and Soils in the Amazon and Orinoco Basins -- List of Workshop Participants
ISBN:9789400953338
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nato ASI Series, C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 149
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Hydrogeology , Earth Sciences , Hydrogeology , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400972599:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sediment Diagenesis
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (472 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7259-9
Contents:Facies, Sequences and Sand-Bodies of the Principal Clastic Depositional Environments -- Compactional Diagenesis -- Diagenetic Reactions in Sandstones -- Diagenetic Reactions in Clays -- Facies Controls on Sandstone Diagenesis --
Depositional Models for Carbonate Rocks -- Early Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments -- Burial Diagenesis in Limestones
ISBN:9789400972599
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 115
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Sedimentology , Earth Sciences , Sedimentology , Mineralogy , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400971752:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Systematics and the Properties of the Lanthanides
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (648 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7175-2
Contents:Systematics -- 1. Early Attempts on the Systematics of the Lanthanoids -- 2. Systematics of the Properties of the Lanthanides -- 3. Inclined W Systematics of the Lanthanides -- Structures -- 4. Inorganic Complexes of the Rare Earths
-- 5. Structural Chemistry of the Lanthanides -- Electronic and Magnetic Properties -- 6. Electronic Structure and Cohesion in the Rare Earth Metals -- 7. Magnetic Properties of Lanthanide Compounds -- Spectroscopic Properties -- 8.
Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides in Crystalline Matrix -- 9. Spectroscopic Properties of the f-Elements in Compounds and Solutions -- 10. Fluorescence Spectra and Lifetimes of the Lanthanide Aquo Ions and their Complexes -- 11. The
Use of Lanthanide Ions as NMR Structural Probes -- Lanthanide Geochemistry -- 12. The Lanthanides as Geochemical Tracers of Igneous Processes: An Introduction -- 13. Lanthanoids as a Geochemical Probe and Problems in Lanthanoid
Geochemistry Distribution and Behaviour of Lanthanoids in Non-Magmatic-Phases -- 14. Summary and Future Trends in Lanthanides -- 15. List of Posters -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789400971752
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 109
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400971691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Air-Sea Exchange of Gases and Particles
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (561 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7169-1
Contents:Introductory Meteorology and Fluid Dynamics -- 1. Some Deductions from Basic Physics -- 2. Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulations -- 3. Synoptic Scale Circulations -- 4. Mesoscale Circulations -- 5. Convection and Stability -- 6.
Turbulence and the Planetary Boundary Layer -- 7. Interface Dynamics -- 8. Practical Aspects of Atmospheric Transports -- Introductory Physical Oceanography -- Large-scale Oceanography -- Mesoscale Oceanography -- The Oceanic Mixed
Layer -- Sea Surface Waves -- Microbiological and Organic-Chemical Processes in the Surface and Mixed Layers -- 1. Planktonic Microorganisms and Their Trophic Structure -- 2. Uptake and Release of Gases During the Synthesis and Decay
of Organic Matter and its Control by the Solar Cycle -- 3. Organic-Microbial Films that Form the Sea’s Skin -- Gases and Their Precipitation Scavenging in the Marine Atmosphere -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Trace Gas Concentrations in
Marine Air -- 3. Homogeneous Marine Air Chemistry -- 4. Exchange of Simple Soluble Gases with Hydrometeors -- 5. Exchange of Reactive and Ionizable Gases -- 6. The Role of Circulation Within Drops -- 7. Heterogeneous Processes -- 8.
Scavenging in Complex Systems -- Gas Transfer: Experiments and Geochemical Implications -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Laboratory Sutdies of Air-Water Gas Transfer -- 3. Air-Sea Gas Transfer in the Field -- 4. Possible Role of Natural and
Pollutant Films in Air-Sea Gas Transfer -- 5. The Role of Air-Sea Gas Exchange in Geochemical Cycling -- Air-to-Sea Transfer of Particles -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Residence Times -- 3. Scavenging by Precipitation -- 4. Scavenging by
Storms -- 5. Dry Deposition of Particles -- 6. More Problems with Dry Deposition -- The Production, Distribution and Bacterial Enrichment of the Sea-Salt Aerosol -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Production of the Sea-Salt Aerosol -- 3.
Distribtuion of the Sea-Salt Aerosol -- 4. Enrichment of Bacteria in Jet and Film Drops -- 5. Conclusions -- Particle Geochemistry in the Atmosphere and Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Geochemistry of Marine Aerosols -- 3. Geochemistry
of Particle Transfer Between the Atmosphere and the Oceans -- 4. Assessment of Particulate Fluxes from and to the Air-Sea Interface : Geochemical Implications -- 5. Conclusions -- APPENDIX A - List of Symbols -- APPENDIX B - Annotated
Bibliography of Sampling
ISBN:9789400971691
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 108
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400970724:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cosmochemistry and the Origin of Life Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Maratea, Italy, June 1–12, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7072-4
Contents:Cosmochemistry and the Origin of Life -- Synthesis of the Chemical Elements -- The Largest Molecules in Space: Interstellar Dust -- Comets, Interstellar Molecules, and the Origin of Life -- Impact of Solar System Exploration on
Theories of Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life -- The Chemical Composition and Climatology of the Earth’s Early Atmosphere -- The Dating of the Earliest Sediments on Earth -- Inorganic Chemistry of Earliest Sediments:
Bioinorganic Chemical Aspects of the Origin and Evolution of Life -- Biologically Mediated Isotope Fractionations: Biochemistry, Geochemical Significance and Preservation in the Earth’s Oldest Sediments -- Organic Molecules as Chemical
Fossils — The Molecular Fossil Record -- Appendix: Cosmochemistry and the Origin of Life -- Participants
ISBN:9789400970724
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 101
Keywords: Physics , Geochemistry , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781475768640:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Trace Metals in Sea Water
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (920 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-6864-0
Contents:Session I: Metalloids and the Hydride Generation -- The Determination of the Chemical Species of Some of the “Hydride Elements” (Arsenic, Antimony, Tin, and Germanium) in Sea Water: Methodology and Results -- Antimony Content and
Speciation in the Water Column and Interstitial Waters of Saanich Inlet -- Ultratrace Speciation and Biogenesis of Methyltin Transport Species in Estuarine Waters -- The Relationship of the Distribution of Dissolved Selenium IV and VI
in Three Oceans to Physical and Biological Processes -- Session II: Arctic Chemistry -- Trace Metals in the Arctic Ocean -- Copper in Sub-Arctic Waters of the Pacific Northwest -- Low Level Determination of Trace Metals in Arctic Sea
Water and Snow by Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry -- The Relationship between Distributions of Dissolved Cadmium, Iron, and Aluminium and Hydrography in the Central Arctic Ocean -- Session III: Intercalibration Exercise
-- Intercomparison of Seawater Sampling Devices for Trace Metals -- The Analysis of Trace Metals in Biological Reference Materials: A Discussion of the Results of the Intercomparison Studies Conducted by the International Council for
the Exploration of the Sea -- An Intercomparison of Sampling Devices and Analytical Techniques Using Sea Water from a CEPEX Enclosure -- Session IV: Estuarine Processes Involving Metals -- Role of Fresh Water/Sea Water Mixing on Trace
Metal Adsorption Phenomena -- Effects of Particle Size and Density on the Transport of Metals to the Oceans -- The Effect of Sewage Effluents on the Flocculation of Major and Trace Elements in a Stratified Estuary -- Impoverishment and
Decrease of Metallic Elements Associated with Suspended Matter in the Gironde Estuary -- The Significance of the River Input of Chemical Elements to the Ocean -- Session V: Air/Sea Exchange and Coastal Processes Involving Metals --
Air-Sea Exchange of Mercury -- Separation of Copper and Nickel by Low Temperature Processes -- The Fate of Particles and Particle-Reactive Trace Metals in Coastal Waters: Radioisotope Studies in Microcosms -- Trace Metals in a
Landlocked Intermittently Anoxic Basin -- Session VI: Ocean Distribution and Analysis -- Thorium Isotope Distributions in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific -- Aspects of the Surface Distributions of Copper, Nickel, Cadmium, and Lead in
the North Atlantic and North Pacific -- Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Cd in the Western North Atlantic -- Some Recent Measurements of Trace Metals in Atlantic Ocean Waters -- Determination of the Rare Earth Elements in Sea Water -- The Cycle of
Living and Dead Particulate Organic Matter in the Pelagic Environment in Relation to Trace Metals -- Trace Metal Levels in Sea Water from the Skagerrak and the Kattegat -- Mercury Concentrations in the North Atlantic in Relation to
Cadmium, Aluminium and Oceanographic Parameters -- Perturbations of the Natural Lead Depth Profile in the Sargasso Sea by Industrial Lead -- Copper, Nickel and Cadmium in the Surface Waters of the Mediterranean -- Accurate and Precise
Analysis of Trace Levels of Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn, Fe and Ni in Sea Water by Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry -- Session VII: Chemical Speciation -- Studies of the Chemical Forms of Trace Elements in Sea Water Using Radiotracers -- Trace
Metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Cd) in Anoxic Environments -- The Behavior of Trace Metals in Marine Anoxic Waters: Solubilities at the Oxygen-Hydrogen Sulfide Interface -- Variations of Dissolved Organic Copper in Marine Waters -- Trace Metals
Speciation in Nearshore Anoxic and Suboxic Pore Waters -- The Contrasting Geochemistry of Manganese and Chromium in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean -- Potentialities and Applications of Voltammetry in Chemical Speciation of Trace
Metals in the Sea -- Studies of Cadmium, Copper and Zinc Interactions with Marine Fulvic and Humic Materials in Seawater Using Anodic Stripping Voltammetry -- Chemical Periodicity and the Speciation and Cycling of the Elements --
Potentiometric and Conformational Studies of the Acid-Base Properties of Fulvic Acid from Natural Waters -- Copper Speciation in Marine Waters -- Session VIII: Metals and the Biosphere -- Plankton Compositions and Trace Element Fluxes
from the Surface Ocean -- Metals in Seawater as Recorded by Mussels -- Trace Elements and Primary Production: Problems, Effects and Solutions -- Trace Metals and Plankton in the Oceans: Facts and Speculations -- Sensitivity of Natural
Bacterial Communities to Additions of Copper and to Cupric Ion Activity: A Bioassay of Copper Complexation in Seawater -- List of Participants -- Index of Authors
ISBN:9781475768640
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series, IV Marine Sciences : 9
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461566519:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coastal Upwelling Its Sediment Record Part A: Responses of the Sedimentary Regime to Present Coastal Upwelling
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (6 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-6651-9
Contents:of Part A -- Circulation patterns in upwelling regimes -- Observations of a persistent upwelling center off Point Conception, California -- Nutrient mapping and recurrence of coastal upwelling centers by satellite remote sensing: Its
implication to primary production and the sediment record -- Upwelling patterns off Portugal -- Stable-isotope composition of foraminifers: The surface and bottom water record of coastal upwelling -- On nutrient variability and
sediments in upwelling regions -- Oxygen consumption and denitrification below the Peruvian upwelling -- Effects of source nutrient concentrations and nutrient regeneration on production of organic matter in coastal upwelling centers
-- Skeletal plankton and nekton in upwelling water masses off northwestern South America and northwest Africa -- Seasonal variations in particulate flux in an offshore area adjacent to coastal upwelling -- Downward transport of
particulate matter in the Peru coastal upwelling: Role of the anchoveta, Engraulis ringers -- Vertical transport and transformation of biogenic organic compounds from a sediment trap experiment off the coast of Peru -- Relationships
between the chemical composition of particulate organic matter and phytoplankton distributions in recently upwelled waters off Peru -- Particulate geochemistry in an area of coastal upwelling: The Santa Barbara Basin -- Zooplankton and
nekton: Natural barriers to the seaward transport of suspended terrigenous particles off Peru -- Geochemistry of Namibian shelf sediments -- Upwelling and phosphorite formation in the ocean -- Are phosphorites reliable indicators of
upwelling? -- Unconsolidated phosphorites, high barium and diatom abundances in some Namibian shelf sediments -- Sulfide speciations in upwelling areas -- Excess Th-230 in sediments off N.W. Africa traces upwelling in the past -- A
note on Cretaceous black shales and Recent sediments from oxygen deficient environments: Paleoceanographic implications -- Rapid formation of humic material from diatom debris -- Late Quaternary fluctuations in the cycling of organic
matter off central Peru: A proto-kerogen record -- Organic geochemistry of laminated sediments from the Gulf of California -- The potential of organic geochemical compounds as sedimentary indicators of upwelling -- Metal-staining of
sedimentary organic matter by natural processes -- Participants
ISBN:9781461566519
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series, IV Marine Sciences : 10B
Keywords: Earth sciences , Sedimentology , Earth Sciences , Sedimentology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461334859:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure and Development of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge New Methods and Concepts
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (685 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3485-9
Contents:1: Review of Geophysical Knowledge -- Deep Structure and Geodynamics of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge: An Introductory Review -- Plate Tectonic Evolution of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge and Surrounding Regions -- Crust and Upper Mantle
Beneath Iceland -- The Crust Beneath the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge -- Geology and Crustal Structure of the Faeroe Islands-A Review -- Aspects of the Tertiary Geology of the Faeroe-Shetland Channel -- Faeroe-Shetland Escarpment and
Continental Margin North of the Faeroes -- Ocean Continent Boundary under the Norwegian Continental Margin -- Structure and Origin of the Wyville-Thomson Ridge -- Davis Strait: Structures, Origin and Evolution -- The Iceland Mantle
Plume: Status of the Hypothesis after a Decade of New Work -- 2: Review of Techniques -- New Methods in Marine Geology and Geophysics that have Application to the Study of Greenland-Scotland Ridge -- The Seismic Reflection/Refraction
Method: Wide Aperture Data Obtained in Multiship Experiments -- Ocean-Bottom Seismographs -- Aspects of Bottom Boundary Layers in the Ocean -- 3: Review of Geological Knowledge -- Outstanding Geological Problems of the
Greenland-Scotland Ridge: An Introduction -- Rare Earth Geochemistry of Iceland Basalts: Spatial and Temporal Variations -- Silicic Basalts from the Faeroe Islands: Evidence of Crustal Contamination -- Cenozoic Paleogeography of North
Atlantic Land Bridges -- Fossil Evidence of Early Tertiary North Atlantic Events Viewed in European Context -- Biostratigraphy of Interbasaltic Coals from the Faeroe Islands -- Geology of the Greenland-Iceland Ridge in the Denmark
Strait -- Speculations about the Paleodepth of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge during Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic Times -- Influence of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge on the Geological History of the North Atlantic and Norwegian-Greenland
Sea Areas -- Sediment Transport Mechanisms at NE Atlantic Margins: Evidence from the Magnetic Anisotropy of IPOD Cores -- Cenozoic Marine Environments in the North Atlantic and Norwegian-Greenland Sea -- Development of Cenozoic Abyssal
Circulation South of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge -- On the Late Pleistocene Exchange of Water Across the Icelandic Transverse Ridge -- Geological History of the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge and its Influence on Pleistocene Glaciations --
Terrigenous Late Quaternary Sediment Components North and South of the Scotland-Greenland Ridge and in the Norwegian Sea -- The Modern Current Regime Across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge -- 4: Conclusions -- Discussion, Conclusions and
Recommendations -- Magnetic Anomalies over Iceland and Surrounding Seas (Text to Accompanying Map)
ISBN:9781461334859
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nato Conference Series, IV Marine Science : 8
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1979-9781461261674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Origin of the Earth and Moon
Author(s): A. E Ringwood
Date:1979
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource (295p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-6167-4
Contents:I Composition and Constitution of the Earth -- 1 The Mantle-Crust System -- 2 Geochemistry of the Mantle -- 3 Composition and Formation of the Core -- 4 Boundary Conditions for the Origin of the Earth -- II Origin of the Earth -- 5
Protostars, Disks, and Planets -- 6 Aspects of Planet Formation in the Primordial Solar Nebula -- 7 Early Theories of Accretion of the Earth -- 8 Homogeneous Accretion Revisited -- III The Moon and Planets -- 9 The Terrestrial Planets
-- 10 Constitution and Composition of the Moon -- 11 Geochemistry of the Moon -- 12 Towards a Theory of Lunar Origin -- References
ISBN:9781461261674
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9789400998032:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Petrology and Geochemistry of Continental Rifts Volume One of the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute Paleorift Systems with Emphasis on the Permian Oslo Rift, held in Oslo, Norway, July 27–August 5, 1977
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (296 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-9803-2
Contents:General Aspects of Rifting -- Continental Rifting and Mantle Degassing -- A Note on the Behavior of Incompatible Trace Elements in Alkaline Magmas -- Geological and Geophysical Parameters of Mid-Plate Volcanism -- Tectonic and
Magmatic Evolution of the Southern Part of the Kenya Rift Valley -- Some Aspects of the Metallogeny of Continental Rifting Events -- Active Continental Rifts -- The Afar Rift Junction -- Petrology of Plio-Pleistocene Basaltic Rocks
from the Central Rio Grande Rift (New Mexico, USA) and their Relation to Rift Structure -- Rifting and Volcanism in the New Mexico Segment of the Basin and Range Province, Southwestern USA -- Mineralogy of the Tullu Moje Active
Volcanic Area (Arussi: Ethiopian Rift Valley) -- The Volcanological Development of the Kenya Rift -- Spatial and Temporal Variations in Basalt Geochemistry in the N. Kenya Rift -- Paleorifts -- Rift-Associated Igneous Activity in
Eastern North America -- Basaltic and Alkalic Rocks of Southern Brazil: A Review -- The Gardar Igneous Province: Evidence for Proterozoic Continental Rifting -- Evidence for an Early Permian Oceanic Rift in the Northern North Atlantic
-- RB/SR-Relationship in the Oslo Igneous Rocks -- Distribution of Th, U, K in the Plutonic Rocks of the Oslo Region, Norway -- Origin of the Magmas of the Vestfold Lava Plateau -- Petrology of the Skien Basaltic Rocks and the Early
Basaltic (B1) Volcanism of the Permian Oslo Rift -- Composite Plutonic Ring-Complexes: A Structural Characteristic of Rift-Zone Plutonism -- Petrogenesis of the Larvik Ring-Complex in the Permian Oslo Rift, Norway -- Petrogenesis of
the Holterkollen Plutonic Complex, Norway -- Metallogeny -- Ore Deposits Related to the Keweenawan Rift -- K/AR Dating of Clay-Mineral Alteration Associated with Ore Deposition in the Northern Part Of the Oslo Region -- Further K/AR
Determinations on Clay-Mineral Alteration Associated with Fluorite Deposition in Southern Norway -- Ore Deposits in the North-Eastern Part of the Oslo Region and in the Adjacent Pre-Cambrian Areas
ISBN:9789400998032
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 36
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9789401012522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics in Geology Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Oxford, England, September 17–27, 1976
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (410 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-1252-2
Contents:1. Geological Applications of High Temperature Reaction Calorimetry -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Calorimetric solvents and oxide melts -- 1.3 Applications of high temperature calorimetry to mineral thermodynamics -- 1.4 Calorimetry of
geothermal fluids and water containing systems at pressures up to 2 kbar -- Study Problems -- 2. Experimental Determination of the Mixing Properties of Solid Solutions with Particular Reference to Garnet and Clinopyroxene Solutions --
2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 NaA1Si308-KA1Si308 feldspar solutions -- 2.3 MgSi0.502-FeSi0.502 olivine solutions -- 2.4 Aluminosilicate garnet solid solutions -- 2.5 Clinopyroxenes containing CaA12Si06 component -- 2.6 Conclusions -- 3.
Thermochemistry of garnets and aluminous pyroxenes in the CMAS system -- 3.1 Importance of the CMAS system -- 3.2 Experimental difficulties -- 3.3 The role of thermochemistry -- 3.4 CaMgSi206-CaA12Si06 clinopyroxene -- 3.5
Mg3A12Si3012-Ca3A12Si3012 garnet -- 3.6 Application to the garnet peridotite problem -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems -- 4. Activity-Composition Relationships for Crystalline Solutions -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Mole
fractions -- 4.3 Activity coefficients -- 4.4 Conclusions -- 5. Chemical Mixing in Multicomponent Solutions: An Introduction to the Use of Margules and Other Thermodynamic Excess Functions to Represent Non-Ideal Behaviour -- 5.1
Introduction -- 5.2 The solution properties of a binary mixture -- 5.3 Ternary and higher order chemical mixtures -- 5.4 Representation of the excess Gibbs free energy of mixing -- 5.5 The Margules equations -- 5.6 An annotated list of
geological publications utilizing the Margules equations or their equivalents -- Study Problems -- 6. Determination of Atomic Occupancies -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 The diffraction method -- 6.3 Mössbauer spectroscopy -- 6.4 Infra-red
methods -- 6.5 The meaning of occupancy -- Study Problem -- Solution to Problem -- 7. The Accuracy and Precision Of Calculated Mineral Dehydration Equilibria -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Definitions -- 7.3 Accuracy of calculated
equilibria -- 7.4 Precision of calculated equilibria -- 7.5 Thermochemical data from P-T brackets -- 7.6 Discussion and conclusions -- Study Problems -- 8. Thermodynamics of Dehydration Equilibria -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Theoretical
background -- 8.3 Retrieval of thermodynamic data -- 8.4 Calculation of phase diagrams -- 8.5 Dehydration equilibria involving crystalline solutions -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems -- 9. Fugacity and Activity of Molecular
Species in Supercritical Fluids -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Scope and definitions -- 9.3 Review of available experimental data -- 9.4 Molecular dynamics -- 9.5 The Redlich-Kwong equation of state -- 9.6 Conclusions -- Study Problems --
10. Compositions and Thermodynamics of Metamorphic Solutions -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 O-H gases -- 10.3 C-O gases -- 10.4 C-O-H gases -- 10.5 C-O-H-S gases -- 10.6 H-O-F and H-O-N gases -- 10.7 Acids and bases -- 10.8 Measurement
of the activity of H20 -- 10.9 Summary and conclusions -- Study Problems -- 11. The Significance of Fluid Inclusions in Metamorphic Rocks -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Observation by conventional techniques (petrographic microscopy) --
11.3 Microthermometry: Tf and Th -- 11.4 Other analytical methods -- 11.5 Conclusion -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems -- 12. The Stability of Phlogopite in the Presence of Quartz and Diopside -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2
Experimental methods -- 12.3 Stability of phlogopite and quartz -- 12.4 Stability of phlogopite quartz and diopside -- 12.5 Thermodynamic considerations -- 12.6 Geological applications -- Study Problems -- 13. Opaque Minerals as
Sensitive Oxygen Barometers and Geothermometers in Lunar Basalts -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Spinel solid solution series -- 13.3 Armalcolite series -- 13.4 Subsolidus reduction reactions -- 14. Thermodynamic Properties of Molten Salt
Solutions -- 14.1. Introduction -- 14.2 Systems of the type AX-BX -- 14.3 Systems of the type AX-AY -- 14.4 Charge unsymmetrical mixtures which contain a common anion -- 14.5 Mixtures containing two cations and two anions -- 15.
Thermodynamic Properties of Silicate Melts -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Nature of silicate melts -- 15.3 Acids and bases -- 15.4 Binary silicate melts -- 15.5 Application of mixing models -- 15.6 Standard states of oxide components --
15.7 Effects of melt structure on liquidus boundaries -- 16. The Activities of Components in Natural Silicate Melts -- 16.1 Introduction -- 16.2 Thermodynamic characterization of silicate melts -- 16.3 Estimation of pressures and
temperatures of equilibration -- 16.4 Example and discussion -- Appendix: Program for solving equations for P and T -- Study problem -- 17. The Thermodynamics of Trace Element Distribution -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 Henry’s Law --
17.3 Formulation of distribution coefficients -- 17.4 Relationship between distribution coefficients and equilibrium constants -- 17.5 Geothermometry and geobarometry -- 17.6 Trace elements in gas-solid reactions -- 17.7 Concluding
Remarks -- 18. The Solubility of Calcite in Sea Water -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 In situ saturometry -- 18.3 Laboratory kinetic measurements -- 18.4 Possible explanations for the differences between the Berner and Ingle et al.
solubility results -- 18.5 Conclusions -- 19. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Metamorphism -- 19.1 Introduction -- 19.2 Fundamental relations -- 19.3 Models for diffusion-controlled, steady-state processes -- 19.4 The transformation
to practical reference frames -- 19.5 Application to the Vastervik segregations -- 19.6 Conclusion -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems
ISBN:9789401012522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 30
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9789401022613:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Geochemistry
Author(s): Claude-Jean Allègre
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (143 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-2261-3
Contents:1 / The Earth as a Chemical System -- 1.1. The Earth within the Solar System -- 1.2. The Scale of Time -- 1.3. The Overall Chemical Composition of the Earth, the Solar System, and the Universe -- 1.4. Chemical Compounds in the Solar
System: Cosmological Minerals -- 1.5. Chemical Constitution of the Earth -- 1.6. Geochemical Classification -- 1.7. The Earth as a Chemical Factory -- 2 / The Equilibria of Phases in the Lithosphere -- 2.1. Metamorphic Equilibria --
2.2. Phase Equilibria in the Silicate Magmas -- 2.3. Magmatism or Metamorphism. The Conditions for Their Appearance -- 3 / Chemical Equilibria in the Hydrosphere -- 3.1. Chemical Reactions in the Hydrosphere -- 3.2. Study of the
Saturation of Sea Water with Calcite -- 4 / The Geochemical Fractionation of Trace Elements -- Partition of a Trace Element between Two Phases -- 4.1. Fractionation of the Trace Elements in Magmatic Processes -- 4.2. Trapping of Trace
Elements in Sediments -- 5 / Irreversible Processes of Element Transfer -- 5.1. Evaluation of the Transfer of Elements during Irreversible Geochemical Processes -- 5.2. Box Model -- 5.3. Chemical Diffusion-Reaction Coupling -- 5.4.
Deposit of Manganese in Ocean Depths -- 6 / The Fractionation of the Light Isotopes -- 6.1. The Evidence Concerning the Natural Fractionation of Isotopes -- 6.2. The Modes of Isotopic Fractionation -- 6.3. Relationship between ? and ?
-- 6.4. The 18O/16O Isotopic Composition of the Silicates and Geothermometry -- 6.5. Isotopic Composition 32S/34S of Sulfide Ore Deposits -- 6.6. Some Aspects of the Water Cycle and the Associated Isotopic Fractionation -- 7 /
Fractionation of Radioactive Isotopes and Isotopes of Radioactive Origin -- 7.1. General Equation for the Evolution of a Radioactive System -- 7.2. Evaluation of the Functions G (t) and J (t) and the Potassium-Argon Time Scale -- 7.3.
Isotopic Re-Equilibration of Strontium During Metamorphism -- 7.4. Loss of Radiogenic Elements in Rich Systems and Chronology of U-Th-Pb From Zircons -- 7.5. Evolution and Nature of the Earth’s Mantle -- 7.6. Evolution of the Initial
Ratios of (87Sr/86Sr) and (206Pb/204Pb) in Granites and the Formation of the Continents
ISBN:9789401022613
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Geophysics and Astrophysics Monographs, An International Series of Fundamental Textbooks : 10
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry
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Call number:QH325.S56::2016 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The origin and nature of life on Earth : the emergence of the fourth geosphere
Author(s): Eric Smith
Harold J. Morowitz
Date:2016
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Size:677 p
Contents:The planetary scope of biogenesis : The biosphere is the fourth geosphere -- The organization of life on Earth today -- The geochemical context and embedding of the biosphere -- The architecture and evolution of the metabolic substrate -- Higher-lev el structures and the recapitulation of metabolic order -- The emergence of a biosphere from geochemistry -- The phase transition paradigm for emergence -- Reconceptualizing the nature of the living state -- Epilogue.
ISBN:9781107121881
Keywords: Biosphere , Earth sciences , Earth's origin , Life
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Call number:QC454.M3W48::1986 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mass spectrometry : applications in science and engineering
Author(s): Frederick Andrew White 1918-
George M.(Marshall) Wood 1933-
Date:1986
Publisher:John Wiley and Sons: New York
Size:773 pgs.
Contents:Part I: Instrumentation - 1. Introduction: Atoms, Molecules, Ions, and Isotopes, 2. Ion Sources, 3. Types of Spectrometers, 4. Tandem Systems and Special Types, 5. Detection of ion Beams, 6. Computer-Aided Data Processing, 7. Chromatography / Mass Spectrometry
Part II: Engineering and the Physical Sciences - 8. Geochemistry and Geochronology, 9. Atmospheric, Lunar, and Planetary Measurements, 10. Metals, Glasses, Ceramics, and Composites, 11. Electronic Materials and Devices, 12. Electrophysics, 13. Energy System Diagnostics: Solar, Fossil, Fission, Fusion, 14. On-Line Monitoring and Process Control
Part III: Environmental Measurements and the Life Sciences - 15. Air and Water Monitoring, 16. Agriculture and Food Science, 17. Beomedical Applications, 18. Pharmacology, 19. Toxicology and Forensic Science, 20. New Frontiers in Mass Spectrometry and Ion Beam Technology
Appendices: 1. Isotopic Abundances of the Elements, 2. Ionization Potentials, Electron Affinities, Work Functions, and Melting Points
ISBN:0471092363
Keywords: Mass spectrometry.
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