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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/2038.24 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword geographical information systems ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319292281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Proceedings of ECCS 2014 European Conference on Complex Systems
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (48 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29228-1
Contents:Preface -- Detection of Non-Self-Correcting Nature of Information Cascade -- Fitting Planar Proximity Graphs on Real Street Networks. - Qualitative Methods for the Exploration of Complexity in Human Social Systems: Applications in
Family Psychology -- Tangible Networks: A Toolkit for Exploring Network Science -- The Geometric Origins of Complex Cities -- Revealing the Relation Between Structure of Chloroplast Genomes and Host Taxonomy -- Complex Synchronization
Patterns in the Human Connectome Network -- Structure of a Media Co-Occurrence Network -- Spatial Effects of Delay-induced Stochastic Oscillations in a Multi-Scale Cellular System -- An Agent-Based Modelling Approach to Biological
Invasion by Macroalgae in European Coastal Environments -- Characterisation of the Idiotypic Immune Network through Persistent Entropy -- Interests Propagation in Computer Science Research Community -- Nonparametric Estimation of the
Preferential Attachment Function in Complex Networks: Evidence of Deviations from Log Linearity -- N-Gram Events for Analysis of Financial Time Series -- Human Mobility and the Dynamics of Measles in Large Geographical Areas -- Does
Training Lead to the Formation of Modules in Threshold Networks? -- Understanding Financial News with Multi-layer Network Analysis -- Channel-Specic Daily Patterns in Mobile Phone Communication -- Investigating the Phonetic
Organisation of the English Language via Phonological Networks, Percolation and Markov Models -- An Agent-Based Model for Agricultural Supply Chains: the Case of Uganda -- Chimera States in Neuronal Systems of Excitability type-I --
Multiobjective Optimization and Phase Transitions -- Power Laws as Statistical Mixtures -- A Network-Based Analysis of the European Emission Market -- Dynamics of Commodity Price Fluctuations in Japan -- Understanding the Diffusion of
YouTube Videos -- Free Energy Rate Density and Self-organization in Complex Systems
ISBN:9783319292281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Data mining , System theory , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Complex Networks , Complexity , Complex Systems , Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319276199:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Uncharted Constellations Asterisms, Single-Source and Rebrands
Author(s): John C Barentine
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (222 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27619-9
Contents:Part I: Introduction -- Part II: The Lost Constellations.- 2 Anser.- 3 Antino¨us.- 4 Argo Navis.- 5 Cancer Minor.- 6 Cerberus et Ramus Pomifer.- 7 Custos Messium.- 8 Felis.- 9 Gallus.- 10 Globus Aerostaticus.- 11 Honores Frederici.-
12 Jordanis.- 13 Machina Electrica.- 14 Mons Maenalus.- 15 Musca Borealis.- 16 Ocina Typographica.- 17 Psalterium Georgianum.- 18 Quadrans Muralis.p- 19 Rangifer.- 20 Rhombus.- 21 Robur Carolinum.- 22 Sagitta Australis.- 23 Sceptrum
Brandenburgicum.- 24 Taurus Poniatovii.- 25 Telescopia Herschelii.- 26 Tigris.- 27 Triangulum Minus.- 28 Turdus Solitarius / Noctua -- Part III: Conclusion -- Part IV: Appendix: The Modern Constellations
ISBN:9783319276199
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Popular works , History , Geographical information systems , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astronomy , Popular Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography , History of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461408963:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar System Maps [electronic resource] : From Antiquity to the Space Age
Author(s): Nick Kanas
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
ISBN:9781461408963
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Geographical information systems , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461477624:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Constant-Scale Natural Boundary Mapping to Reveal Global and Cosmic Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pamela Elizabeth Clark
Chuck Clark
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Whereas conventional maps can be expressed as outward-expanding formulae with well-defined central features and relatively poorly defined edges, Constant Scale Natural Boundary (CSNB) maps have well-defined boundaries that resultfrom natural processe s and thus allow spatial and dynamic relationships to be observed in a new way useful to understanding these processes. CSNB mapping presents a new approach to visualization that produces maps markedly differentfrom those produced by conventional cartogra phic methods. In this approach, any body can be represented by a 3D coordinate system. For a regular body, with its surface relatively smooth on the scale of its size, locations of featurescan be represented by definite geographic grid (latitude and longi tude) and elevation, or deviation from the triaxial ellipsoid defined surface. A continuous surface on this body can be segmented, its distinctive regional terranesenclosed, and their inter-relationships defined, by using selected morphologically identifi able relief features (e.g., continental divides, plate boundaries, river or current systems). In this way, regions of distinction on a large,essentially spherical body can be mapped as two-dimensional facets with their boundaries representing regional to global-scale asymmetries (e.g., continental crust, continental and oceanic crust on the Earth, farside originalthicker crust and nearside thinner impact punctuated crust on the Moon). In an analogous manner, an irregular object such as an asteroid, with a surface that is rough on the scale of its size, would be logically segmented along edgesof its impact-generated faces. Bounded faces are imagined with hinges at occasional points along boundaries, resulting in a foldable shape model. Thus, bounded faces grow organically out of the most compelling natural features.Obvious boundaries control the maps extremities, and peripheral regions are not dismembered or grossly distorted as in convent
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter One: Constant
Scale Natural Boundary Mapping in Context
Chapter Two: CSNB Mapping Technique
Chapter Three: Interpretation of CSNB Maps
Chapter Four: Mapping the Earth
Chapter Five: CSNB Mapping Applied to Other Regular Bodies
Chapter Six: CSNB Mapping Applied to Irregular Bodies
Chapter Seven: Mapping the Sky
Chapter Eight: The Future of CSNB Mapping
ISBN:9781461477624
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Astronomy, 2191-9100
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Planetology , Geographical information systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461409175:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Star Maps [electronic resource] : History, Artistry, and Cartography
Author(s): Nick Kanas
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Star Maps captures the beauty and awe of the heavens through celestial prints and star atlases. It traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of humanity's place in the universe. Thetext of this Second Edition is enriched with 263 photographs, 91 in color, showing images from actual antiquarian celestial books and atlases, each one with an explanation of its astronomical and cartographic features. This new editionof Star Maps: History, Artistry, and Car tography includes: - over 50 new pages of text and 44 new images (16 in color) - completely new sections on celestial frontispieces, deep-sky objects, playing card maps, additional cartographers,and modern computerized star maps - updated figures and text about celestial globes, volvelles, telescopes, and planets and asteroids - revised and updated text and illustrations throughout. The book focuses on the development ofcelestial cartography from ancient to modern times and describes the relationships bet ween different star maps and atlases. It demonstrates contemporary cosmological ideas, constellation representations, and cartographic advances.Uniquely, it contains material on early American influences and non-European constellation representations. Thi s book is a must-have reference for anyone interested in the workings of the heavens
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prefac to Second Edition
Foreword to First Edition
Preface to First Edition
Acknowledgments
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of abbreviations and acronyms
Chapter 1: What is a star map?
Chapter 2: Non
European cosmology and constellation development
Chapter 3: European Cosmology
Chapter 4: European constellation development
Chapter 5: Early European star maps
Chapter 6: The Big Four of the Golden Age of pictorial star maps
Chapter 7: Other important star maps of the Golden Age
Chapter 8: Special topics
Chapter 9: Mapping the stars in early Amer
ISBN:9781461409175
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Geographical information systems , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461409168:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Star Maps [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nick Kanas
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461409168
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:e-books
Keywords: History of Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461406563:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Amateur Astronomer's Guide to the Deep-Sky Catalogs [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jerry D Cavin
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:All of us familiar with astronomy know of Charles Messier and his early work on creating a catalog of celestial objects. Did you know that Messier was compiling a list of objects to avoid when searching the skies? He was a comethunter, and he wanted to not mistake other things for comets. Other lists and catalogs followed this, and many, including Messier's, have become popular with amateur astronomers who see it as a challenge to find everything on the listor as a guide on what to see when they look through their telescopes or binoculars. In this catalog of catalogs, the author introduces the figures behind the most famous of the star catalogs and includes the catalog listings aswell. Thus here, all in one book, is your complete guide to the heavenl y bodies - including constellations, galaxies, nebulae, supernova remnants, and much more - that most people seek to see when they observe the night sky. Here areenough challenges for a lifetime of exciting viewing!
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: Claudius Ptolemy and the Almagest
Chapter 2: The Abd
al
Rahman Al
Sufi Catalog
Chapter 3: Ulugh Beg
Chapter 4: The Tycho Brahe Catalog
Chapter 5: The Johannes Hevelius Catalog
Chapter 6: The Charles Messier Catalog
Chapter 7: The Johann Elert Bode Catalog
Chapter 8: Christian Mayer Catalog
Chapter 9: The Herschel Catalogs
Chapter 10: The J.L.E. Dreyer and the NGC Catalog
Chapter 11: Halton Arp and the Arp Catalog
Chapter 12: The Caldwell Catalog
References
Appendix A
Appendix B
Index
ISBN:9781461406563
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series, 1431-9756
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geographical information systems , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461406556:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Amateur Astronomer's Guide to the Deep-Sky Catalogs [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jerry D. Cavin
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461406556
Series:Practical Astronomy
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Popular Science in Astronomy , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441917232:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Vision and Displays for Military and Security Applications [electronic resource] : The Advanced Deployable Day/Night Simulation Project
Author(s): Keith K Niall
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Vision and Displays for Military and Security Applications presents recent advances in projection technologies and associated simulation technologies for military and security applications. Specifically, this book covers nightvision simulation, semi- automated methods in photogrammetry, and the development and evaluation of high-resolution laser projection technologies for simulation. Topics covered include: advances in high-resolution projection, advancesin image generation, geographic modeling, and LIDAR imaging, as well as human factors research for daylight simulation and for night vision devices. This title is ideal for optical engineers, simulator users and manufacturers,geomatics specialists, human factors researchers, and for engineers working with high-resolution display systems. It describes leading-edge methods for human factors research, and it describes the manufacture and evaluation ofultra-high resolution displays to provide unprecedented pixel density in visual simulation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Creating Day and Night: Past, Present, and Future
Development of a DVI
Compatible VGA Projector Engine Based on Flexible Reflective Analog Modulators
Brightness and Contrast of Images with Laser
Based Video Projectors
Physics Based Simulation of Light Sources
Integration of a Deployable CIGI
Based Image Generator in an Existing Simulation
Advances in Scalable Generic Image Generator Technology for the Advanced Deployable Day/Night Simulation Project
Detection Threshold of Visual Displacement in a Networked Flight Simulator
Evaluation of the Spatial and Temporal Resolution
ISBN:9781441917232
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer vision , Geographical information systems , Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441915726:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods for Disease Clustering [electronic resource]
Author(s): Toshiro Tango
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The development of powerful computing environment and the geographical information system (GIS) in recent decades has thrust the analysis of geo-referenced disease incidence data into the mainstream of spatial epidemiology. Thisbook offers a modern p erspective on statistical methods for detecting disease clustering, an indispensable procedure to find a statistical evidence on aetiology of the disease under study. With increasing public health concerns aboutenvironmental risks, the need for sophistica ted methods for analyzing spatial health events is immediate. Furthermore, the research area of statistical methods for disease clustering now attracts a wide audience due to the perceivedneed to implement wide-ranging monitoring systems to detect possibl e health-related events such as the occurrence of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), pandemic influenza and bioterrorism As an invaluable resource for a widerange of audience including public health researchers, epidemiologists and biostatistia ns, this book features: A concise introduction to basic concepts of disease clustering/clusters A historical overview of methods for diseaseclustering A detailed treatment of selected methods useful for practical investigation of disease clustering Analys is and illustration of methods for a variety of real data sets Toshiro Tango, Ph.D., is the Director of Department ofTechnology Assessment and Biostatistics of National Institute of Public Health, Japan. He has published a number of methodological and app lied articles on various aspects of biostatistics. He is Past President of the Japanese Region ofthe International Biometric Society. He has served as Associate Editor for several journals including Statistics in Medicine and Biometrics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Clustering and clusters
Disease mapping: Visualization of spatial clustering
Tests for temporal clustering
General tests for spatial clustering: Regional count data
General tests for spatial clustering: Case
control point data
Tests for space
time clustering
Focused tests for spatial clustering
Space
time scan statistics
ISBN:9781441915726
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Oncology , Epidemiology , Biometrics , Statistical methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662049334:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Artificial Intelligence and Dynamic Systems for Geophysical Applications
Author(s): Alexei Gvishiani
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (347 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04933-4
Contents:I Artificial Intelligence in Geophysical Data Analysis -- 1 Dynamic and Fuzzy Logic Clustering and Classification -- 2 Applications to Physics of the Earth, Seismology and Engineering Seismology -- 3 Recognition of Earthquake-Prone
Areas and Seismic Hazard Assessment -- II Fractals and Dynamic Systems -- 4 Fractals and Multifractals -- 5 Dynamic System Properties and Long Time Series -- 6 Conclusions and Perspectives -- III References -- IV Index
ISBN:9783662049334
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Artificial intelligence , Pattern recognition , Geographical information systems , Computer mathematics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Geophysics/Geodesy , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Pattern Recognition
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783709161999:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Global Positioning System Theory and Practice
Author(s): Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
Date:2001
Edition:Fifth, revised edition
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-6199-9
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 The origins of surveying -- 1.2 Development of global surveying techniques -- 1.3 History of the Global Positioning System -- 2 Overview of GPS -- 2.1 Basic concept -- 2.2 Space segment -- 2.3 Control segment --
2.4 User segment -- 3 Reference systems -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Coordinate systems -- 3.3 Time systems -- 4 Satellite orbits -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Orbit description -- 4.3 Orbit determination -- 4.4 Orbit dissemination -- 5
Satellite signal -- 5.1 Signal structure -- 5.2 Signal processing -- 6 Observables -- 6.1 Data acquisition -- 6.2 Data combinations -- 6.3 Atmospheric effects -- 6.4 Relativistic effects -- 6.5 Antenna phase center offset and variation
-- 6.6 Multipath -- 7 Surveying with GPS -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Planning a GPS survey -- 7.3 Surveying procedure -- 7.4 In situ data processing -- 7.5 Survey report -- 8 Mathematical models for positioning -- 8.1 Point positioning
-- 8.2 Differential positioning -- 8.3 Relative positioning -- 9 Data processing -- 9.1 Data preprocessing -- 9.2 Ambiguity resolution -- 9.3 Adjustment, filtering, and smoothing -- 9.4 Adjustment of mathematical GPS models -- 9.5
Network adjustment -- 9.6 Dilution of precision -- 9.7 Accuracy measures -- 10 Transformation of GPS results -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Coordinate transformations -- 10.3 Datum transformations -- 10.4 Combining GPS and terrestrial
data -- 11 Software modules -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Planning -- 11.3 Data transfer -- 11.4 Data processing -- 11.5 Quality control -- 11.6 Network computations -- 11.7 Data base management -- 11.8 Utilities -- 11.9 Flexibility --
12 Applications of GPS -- 12.1 General uses of GPS -- 12.2 Attitude determination -- 12.3 Airborne GPS for photo-control -- 12.4 Interoperability of GPS -- 12.5 Installation of control networks -- 13 Future of GPS -- 13.1 New
application aspects -- 13.2 GPS modernization -- 13.3 GPS augmentation -- 13.4 GNSS -- 13.5 Hardware and software improvements -- 13.6 Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9783709161999
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geology , Geophysics , Geotechnical engineering , Geography , Geographical information systems , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Geology , Geography, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461313199:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fuzzy Databases Principles and Applications
Author(s): Frederick E Petry
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (226 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-1319-9
Contents:1 Database Fundamentals -- Database Principles -- Database Design -- Database Models -- Imprecision in Conventional Databases -- References -- 2 Relational Databases and Fuzzy Sets Background -- Relational Database Concepts -- Fuzzy
Set Theory -- References -- 3 Similarity-Based Models -- Basic Fuzzy Databases Approaches -- Similarity-Based Models -- Proximity-Based Models -- Distinguishability Data Model -- Querying Fuzzy Relational Databases -- Fuzzy Functional
Dependencies -- Information-Theoretic Measures -- Fuzzy Database Security -- References -- 4 Possibility-Based Models -- Weighted Tuples -- Possibility-Based Fuzzy Relational Databases -- Query Languages -- Related Database Issues --
Implementation Issues -- References -- 5 Alternative Database Models and Approaches -- Entity-Relationship Models -- Network Data Models -- Object-Oriented Models -- Rough Sets Approach -- Geographical Information Systems -- References
-- 6 Commerical and Industrial Applications -- Fuzzy Querying Front End Interfaces -- Special Purpose Systems -- Commerically Available Products -- Summary -- References
ISBN:9781461313199
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Series in Intelligent Technologies: 5
Keywords: Mathematics , Data structures (Computer science) , Artificial intelligence , Mathematical logic , Mathematics , Mathematical Logic and Foundations , Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642973987:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Basic Aspects and Practical Applications
Author(s): Sune Svanberg
Date:1992
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (407 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97398-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Atomic Structure -- 2.1 One-Electron Systems -- 2.2 Alkali Atoms -- 2.3 Magnetic Effects -- 2.4 General Many-Electron Systems -- 2.5 The Influence of External Fields -- 2.6 Hyperfine Structure -- 2.7 The
Influence of External Fields (hfs) -- 2.8 Isotopic Shifts -- 3. Molecular Structure -- 3.1 Electronic Levels -- 3.2 Rotational Energy -- 3.3 Vibrational Energy -- 3.4 Polyatomic Molecules -- 3.5 Other Molecular Structures -- 4.
Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.1 Resonance Radiation -- 4.2 Spectra Generated by Dipole Transitions -- 4.3 Rayleigh and Raman Scattering -- 4.4 Raman Spectra -- 4.5 Mie Scattering -- 4.6 Atmospheric Scattering Phenomena -- 4.7
Comparison Between Different Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.8 Collision-Induced Processes -- 5. Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons -- 5.1 X-Ray Spectroscopy -- 5.2 Photo-Electron Spectroscopy -- 5.3 Auger Electron Spectroscopy --
6. Optical Spectroscopy -- 6.1 Light Sources -- 6.2 Spectral Resolution Instruments -- 6.3 Detectors -- 6.4 Optical Components and Materials -- 6.5 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis -- 6.6 Optical Remote Sensing -- 6.7 Astrophysical
Spectroscopy -- 7. Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy -- 7.1 Resonance Methods -- 7.2 Microwave Radiometry -- 7.3 Radio Astronomy -- 8. Lasers -- 8.1 Basic Principles -- 8.2 Coherence -- 8.3 Resonators and Mode Structure -- 8.4
Fixed-Frequency Lasers -- 8.5 Tunable Lasers -- 8.6 Nonlinear Optical Phenomena -- 9. Laser Spectroscopy -- 9.1 Basic Principles -- 9.2 Doppler-Limited Techniques -- 9.3 Optical Double-Resonance and Level-Crossing Experiments with
Laser Excitation -- 9.4 Time-Resolved Spectroscopy -- 9.5 High-Resolution Laser Spectroscopy -- 10. Laser-Spectroscopic Applications -- 10.1 Diagnostics of Combustion Processes -- 10.2 Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere -- 10.3
Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Raman Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids -- 10.4 Laser-Induced Chemical Processes -- 10.5 Spectroscopic Aspects of Lasers in Medicine -- References
ISBN:9783642973987
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atoms+Plasmas: 6
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Geotechnical engineering , Geographical information systems , Atoms , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Physical Chemistry , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783642972584:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Basic Aspects and Practical Applications
Author(s): Sune Svanberg
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (405 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97258-4
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Atomic Structure -- 2.1 One-Electron Systems -- 2.2 Alkali Atoms -- 2.3 Magnetic Effects -- 2.4 General Many-Electron Systems -- 2.5 The Influence of External Fields -- 2.6 Hyperfine Structure -- 2.7 The
Influence of External Fields (hfs) -- 2.8 Isotopic Shifts -- 3. Molecular Structure -- 3.1 Electronic Levels -- 3.2 Rotational Energy -- 3.3 Vibrational Energy -- 3.4 Polyatomic Molecules -- 3.5 Other Molecular Structures -- 4.
Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.1 Resonance Radiation -- 4.2 Spectra Generated by Dipole Transitions -- 4.3 Rayleigh and Raman Scattering -- 4.4 Raman Spectra -- 4.5 Mié Scattering -- 4.6 Atmospheric Scattering Phenomena -- 4.7
Comparison Between Different Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.8 Collision-Induced Processes -- 5. Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons -- 5.1 X-Ray Spectroscopy -- 5.2 Photo-Electron Spectroscopy -- 5.3 Auger Electron Spectroscopy --
6. Optical Spectroscopy -- 6.1 Light Sources -- 6.2 Spectral Resolution Instruments -- 6.3 Detectors -- 6.4 Optical Components and Materials -- 6.5 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis -- 6.6 Optical Remote Sensing -- 6.7 Astrophysical
Spectroscopy -- 7. Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy -- 7.1 Resonance Methods -- 7.2 Microwave Radiometry -- 7.3 Radio Astronomy -- 8. Lasers -- 8.1 Basic Principles -- 8.2 Coherence -- 8.3 Resonators and Mode Structure -- 8.4
Fixed-Frequency Lasers -- 8.5 Tunable Lasers -- 8.6 Nonlinear Optical Phenomena -- 9. Laser Spectroscopy -- 9.1 Basic Principles -- 9.2 Doppler-Limited Techniques -- 9.3 Optical Double-Resonance and Level-Crossing Experiments with
Laser Excitation -- 9.4 Time-Resolved Spectroscopy -- 9.5 High-Resolution Laser Spectroscopy -- 10. Laser-Spectroscopic Applications -- 10.1 Diagnostics of Combustion Processes -- 10.2 Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere -- 10.3
Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Raman Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids -- 10.4 Laser-Induced Chemical Processes -- 10.5 Spectroscopic Aspects of Lasers in Medicine -- References
ISBN:9783642972584
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atoms + Plasmas: 6
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Geotechnical engineering , Geographical information systems , Atoms , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Physical Chemistry , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400940291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantitative Analysis of Mineral and Energy Resources
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (738 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4029-1
Contents:1. Integration of Data for Resource Evaluation -- Application of recent developments of regression analysis in regional mineral resource evaluation -- Poisson regression analysis and its application -- Measurement, sampling and
interpretation -- Levels of information and probability mapping -- Review of geomathematical applications for mineral resources evaluation in China -- 2. Statistical Analysis of Geochemical Data -- New approaches to the recognition of
anomalies in exploration geochemistry -- Univariate patterns in the design of multivariate analysis techniques for geochemical data evaluation -- Application of robust statistics in the analysis of geochemical data -- 3. Statistical
Mehtods for Oil and Gas Resource Evaluation -- U.S. Geological Survey assessment methodology for estimation of undiscovered petroleum resources in play analysis of the Artic National Wildlife Refuge -- Statistical evaluation of
petroleum deposits before discovery -- On assessing dry probabilities in offshore oil and gas exploration: an application of Bayes’s theorem -- Statistical analysis of oil and gas discovery data -- 4. Image Processing in Earth Sciences
-- Automated integration of mineral resource data by image processing and artificial intelligence -- Principles of mathematical morphology -- The use of geological image analysis in remote sensing and seismic attribute integration for
resource assessment -- Statistical image processing -- 5. Statistical Analysis of Spatial Data -- Spatial analysis of patterns of land-based and ocean-floor ore deposits -- Point processes for the earth sciences -- 6. Geostatistics --
An unconventional approach to geostatistical estimation -- Case studies on modelling complex sulphide orebodies for ore reserve estimation using geostatistical methods -- A Bayesian approach to surface estimation -- Conditional
simulation of indicator data. Case study of a multi-seam coal deposit -- Factorial kriging as a method to include spatial structure into classification. A case study on a sulphide orebody -- Geostatistical techniques for interpreting
multivariate spatial information -- 7. Other Statisitcal Methodologies for Geoscience Data -- The shape of Lloydminster oil and gas deposit attribute data -- Confidence bands for the distribution and quantile functions for truncated
and randomly censored data -- Geostatistical crustal abundance resource models -- 8. Artificial Intelligence in Earth Sciences -- The usage of Artificial intelligence in remote sensing: a review of applications and current research --
GEOVALUATOR, an expert system for resource appraisal: a demonstration prototype for kaolin in Georgia, U.S.A -- GEMS: a microcomputer-based expert system for digital image data -- On the understanding of geological cross-sections by
expert systems -- 9. Other Contributed Papers -- Examples of spatial analysis and management in the geographical and conformal projection domains -- A classification procedure for exploitable reserves -- Drainage and divide networks
derived from high-fidelity digital terrain models -- An algebraic model for data structure and manipulation as a design basis for integrated geoscience processing systems -- Case study on application of qualitative data analysis
techniques to an uranium mineralization -- A shell for microcomputer exploration software used in developing countries -- Optimal exploration strategies: the synthesis of resource assessments and operations research -- Advantages and
limitations of discovery process modeling: the case of the Northern West Siberian gas plays -- Some aspects of multivariate analysis -- Workshop Reports -- Current problems and future developments in multivariate analysis -- Current
problems and future developments in oil and gas resource modeling and forecasting -- Current problems and future developments in spatial statistics and image processing -- Current problems and future developments in mineral and energy
resource expert system development -- Current problems and future developments in the use of microcomputers
ISBN:9789400940291
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 223
Keywords: Earth sciences , Economic geology , Earth Sciences , Economic Geology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642706592:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization and Design of Geodetic Networks
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (606 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-70659-2
Contents:A Review of Network Designs: Criteria, Risk Functions, Design Ordering -- 1. Classification -- 2. Objective Functions -- 3. Solution Methods -- References -- B. Zero Order Design: Generalized Inverses, Adjustment, the Datum Problem
and S-Transformations -- 0.1 Introduction -- 0.2 Notations and Preliminaries -- 1. Generalized Inverses, a Geometric Approach -- 1.1 Characterization of a Set of Linear Equations -- 1.2 A Unique Characterization of an Arbitrary
Generalized Inverse -- 1.3 Right — and Left Inverses -- 1.4 An Arbitrary System of Linear Equations and Arbitrary Generalized Inverses -- 1.5 Transformation Properties and Some Special Types of Generalized Inverses -- 1.6 Summary -- 2.
On S-Transformations -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Coordinates and Datum Definitions -- 2.3 S-Transformations -- 2.4 The Relation with Generalized Inverses -- References -- C. First Order Design: Optimization of the Configuration of a
Network by Introducing Small Position Changes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Gaußt-Markof Models Not of Full Rank -- 3. Projected Parameters -- 4. Datum Transformations -- 5. Choice of the Datum for a Free Network -- 6. Choice of a Criterion
Matrix for a Free Network -- 7. First Order Design Problem by Introducing Small Position Changes -- 8. Criterion Matrix for the Optimization -- 9. Optimization Problem -- 10. Quadratic Programming Problem -- 11. Linear Complementary
Problem -- 12. Solution of the Linear Complementary Problem -- References -- D. Second Order Design -- 0. An Example -- 1. Three SOD-Approaches -- 1.1 Direct Approximation of the Criterion Matrix, Approach i) -- 1.2 Iterative
Approximation of the Criterion Matrix, Approach ii) -- 1.3 Direct Approximation of the Inverse Criterion Matrix, Approach iii) -- 1.4 Diagonal Design -- 1.5 Approximation Quality -- 1.6 Modification of Approach iii) -- 2. Solution
Methods -- 2.1 Least-Squares Solution -- 2.2 Linear Programming -- 2.3 Nonlinear Programming -- 3. Mean Least-Squares Approximation, Comparison of the Three Approaches -- 4. Directions in the SOD-Problem -- 4.1 Elimination and Group
Weights -- 4.2 Elimination and Individual Weights -- 4.3 Correlated Angles -- 4.4 Extracted Khatri-Rao-Product and Individual Weights -- 4.5 Comparison -- 4.6 Three-Step-Strategy -- 5. Defect Analysis of the Final Equation -- 5.1
Defect Analysis for Distances -- 5.2 Free Distance Networks -- 5.3 Defect Analysis for Directions -- 5.4 Free Direction Networks -- 6. Direct Creation of the Final Equation -- 6.1 Individual Weights -- 6.1.1 Distances -- 6.1.2
Directions -- 6.1.3 Mixed Network -- 6.2 Group Weights -- 6.3 Common Weights for Sets of Directions -- 7. Examples -- 7.1 Example 1 -- 7.2 Example -- References -- E. Third Order Design -- 1. THOD as Instrument in FOD and SOD -- 2.
Mathematical Model for Network Densification -- 3. THOD with Criterion Matrices -- References -- F. Numerical Methods in Network Design -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Optimal Design Problems -- 2.1 Precision Criteria -- 3. Network Design
Strategies -- 3.1 Computer Simulation -- 3.2 Analytical Methods -- 3.2.1 Generalized Matrix Algebra -- 3.2.2 Linear Programming -- 3.2.3 Non-Linear Programming -- 4. Conclusions -- Appendix A: Linear Programming -- Appendix B:
Generalized Matrix Algebra -- Appendix C: Least Squares Techniques -- References -- G. Some Additional Information on the Capacity of the Linear Complementarity Algorithm -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inequality Constrained Least-Squares
Approximation -- 3. The Linear Complementarity Algorithm -- 4. Examples -- References -- H. Quick Computation of Geodetic Networks Using Special Properties of the Eigenvalues -- I. Introduction -- 2. Iterative Procedures -- 3.
Properties of the Conjugate Gradient Method -- 4. Acceleration of the Convergence by an Approximation with Finite Elements -- 5. Survey of Formulae -- 5.1 Conjugate Gradient Method -- 5.2 Approximation with Finite Elements --
References -- I. Estimability Analyses of the Free Networks of Differential Range Observations to GPS Satellites -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Types of Rank Deficiencies -- 3. Rank Deficiencies of Free Networks Based on Differential Range
GPS Observations -- 3.1 Determination of Station and Satellite Coordinates -- 3.2 Determinations of Station, Satellite and Non-Geometric Parameters -- 4. Estimability Analysis -- 4.1 Patterns of Observations for Moving Stations -- 4.2
General Criteria of Estimability for Subnetwork Design -- 5. Numerical Adjustment -- 6. A-Priori Information in GPS Satellite Networks -- 7. Effect of A-Priori Constraints on the Adjustment Results -- 8. Summary and Conclusions --
References -- J. Optimization Problems in Geodetic Networks with Signals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Data Analysis and Signals -- 3. Geodetic Networks with Signals -- 4. Different Approaches for the Adjustment of Observations Depending on
Signals -- 4.1 The Deterministic Approach -- 4.2 The Model Function Approach -- 4.3 The Stochastic Approach -- 4.4 Hybrid Approaches -- 5. Zero Order Design with Signals -- 5.1 General Remarks -- 5.2 Three-dimensional Networks -- 6.
Deformable Networks -- 7. Estimability Problems -- 8. Other Optimization Problems -- 8.1 General Remarks -- 8.2 First Order Design -- 8.3 Second Order Design -- 8.4 Third Order Design -- Appendix: Observation Equations of
Three-dimensional Networks -- References -- K. Fourier Analysis of Geodetic Networks -- 0. Introduction -- I. Spectral Methods in Geodesy -- 1.1 Fourier Techniques in Interpolation Methods -- 1.1.1 Step Function “Interpolation” --
1.1.2 Piecewiese Linear Interpolation -- 1.1.3 Quadratic Spline Interpolation -- 1.1.4 Cubic Spline Interpolation -- 1.1.5 Higher and Highest Order Spline Interpolation -- 1.2 Fourier Techniques in Physical Geodesy -- 2. Distributions
and Fourier Transforms -- 3. Leveling Lines, Leveling Networks -- 4. Traverse, Trilateration Networks -- References -- L. Continuous Networks I -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Continuous Networks of First Derivative Type -- 1.1 Networks on a
Line -- 1.1.1 The Fixed Network -- 1.1.2 The Free Network -- 1.2 Networks on a Circle -- 1.3 Variance — Covariance Function of Estimable Quantities -- 1.4 Higher Dimensional Networks -- 2. Continuous Networks of Second Derivative Type
-- 3. Discrete versus Continuous Geodetic Networks -- References -- M. Continuous Networks II -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Elementary Examples: A Single Line Leveling -- 2. On the Conditions for a Continuous Approximation of Network with
some exceptions -- 3. A Planar Circular Leveling Network -- Appendix: A Numerical Comparison Between a Discrete Network and its Continuous Analogue -- References -- N. Criterion Matrices for Deforming Networks -- 0. Introduction -- 1.
Deformation Measures and Their Finite Element Approximation -- 2. The Datum Problems in Estimating Deformation Measures -- 3. Criterion Matrices for Deformation Measures -- 4. Datum Transformation of a Criterion Matrix and the
Comparison of Real Versus Ideal Dispersion Matrices by Factor Analysis -- 4.1 Datum Transformation of a Criterion Matrix -- 4.2 Canonical Comparison of an Ideal Versus a Real Variance- Covariance Matrix -- 4.2.1 The Eigenvalue Problem
for the Matrix A -- 4.2.2 The Eigenvalue Problem for the Matrix B -- 4.2.3 The Eigenvalue Problem of General Type -- 4.3 Observational Equations of a Deforming Network -- References -- O. A Criterion Matrix for Deforming Networks by
Multifactorial Analysis Techniques -- 1. Optimal Versus Improved Design -- 2. Essential Eigenvector Analysis -- 3. Procrustean Transformation -- References -- P. The Analysis of Time Series with Applications to Geodetic Control
Problems -- 0. Foreword -- 1. Notations and Preliminaries -- 1.1 The Object of our Analysis -- 1.2 Prerequisites on Stochastic Processes -- 1.3 Stationarity -- 1.4 The Estimation of the Autocovariance Function -- 1.5 The Estimation of
the Spectral Density -- 2. The Hilbert Space Setting -- 2.1 Basic Definitions -- 2.2 Establishing the Spectral Representation of the Time Series -- 2.3 The World Decomposition Theorem -- 2.4 Causality and Analytical Properties of the
Spectral Functions -- 2.5 The General “Linear” Prediction Problem -- 3. The Autoregressive - Moving Average Processes -- 3.1 Definition of ARMA (p,g) Models -- 3.2 The Covariances of ARMA Processes -- 3.3 The Spectral Densities of ARMA
Processes -- 3.4 The Yule-Walker Estimates and Forecasts -- 3.5 Examples -- 3.6 The Maximum Likelihood and “Least Squares” Estimates -- 3.7 Model Testing -- References -- Q. Quality Control in Geodetic Networks -- 0. Introduction -- 1.
Model Assumptions and Estimation -- 2. Hypothesis Testing -- 3. Reliability -- 4. Precision -- References -- R. Aspects of Network Design -- 0. Introduction -- 1. The Datum Problem for Criterion Matrices -- 2. The Fundamental Design
Problems -- 3. The Canonical Formulation of the Second Order Design Problem with Respect to an S-System -- 4. Review of Optimization Principles -- 5. The “Choice-of-Norm” Problem for Network Optimization -- 6. Transformation of the
Quadratic Program into a Linear Complementarity Problem -- 7. The Optimal Design within Mixed Linear Models -- 8. The Second Order Design and Third Order Design Problem within the Mixed Model -- 9. The Second Order Design Problem
within Mixed Models Admitting a Singular Covariance Matrix = ?ee=?2P+e -- Appendix 1: Criterion Matrices Reflecting Homogeneity and Isotropy -- Appendix 2: Computational Rules for Matrix Products -- Appendix 3: A Review of Reliability
-- References
ISBN:9783642706592
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Geographical information systems , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography
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