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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GEOGRAPHY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/10817.110 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword geography ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319446066:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Complex Systems Society, Ecology, and Nonlinear Dynamics
Author(s): Paul Fieguth
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 346 p. 243 illus., 178 illus. in color p.)
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Global Warming and Climate Change -- Further Reading -- 3 Systems Theory -- 3.1 Systems & Boundaries -- 3.2 Systems & Thermodynamics.-3.3 Systems of Systems -- Case Study 3: Nutrient Flows, Irrigation, and
Desertification -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 4 Dynamic Systems -- 4.1 System State -- 4.2 Randomness -- 4.3 Analysis -- 4.3.1 Correlation -- 4.3.2 Stationarity -- 4.3.3 Transformations -- Case Study 4: Water Levels of the
Oceans and Great Lakes -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 5 Linear Systems -- 5.1 Linearity -- 5.2 Modes -- 5.3 System Coupling -- 5.4 Dynamics -- 5.5 Non-Normal Systems -- Case Study 5: System Decoupling -- Further Reading --
Sample Problems -- 6 Nonlinear Dynamic Systems – Uncoupled -- 6.1 Simple Dynamics -- 6.2 Bifurcations -- 6.3 Hysteresis and Catastrophes -- 6.4 System Behaviour near Folds -- 6.5 Overview -- Case Study 6: Climate and Hysteresis --
Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 7 Nonlinear Dynamic Systems – Coupled.-7.1 Linearization -- 7.2 2D Nonlinear Systems -- 7.3 Limit Cycles and Bifurcations -- Case Study 7: Geysers, Earthquakes, and Limit Cycles -- Further Reading
-- Sample Problems -- 8 Spatial Systems -- 8.1 PDEs -- 8.2 PDEs & Earth Systems -- 8.3 Discretization -- 8.4 Spatial Continuous-State Models -- 8.5 Spatial Discrete-State Models -- 8.6 Agent Models -- Case Study 8: Global circulation
models -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 9 Power Laws and Non-Gaussian Systems -- 9.1 The Gaussian Distribution 9.2 The Exponential Distribution -- 9.3 Heavy Tailed Distributions -- 9.4 Sources of Power Laws -- 9.5 Synthesis and
Analysis of Power Laws -- Case Study 9: Power Laws in Social Systems -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 10 Complex Systems -- 10.1 Spatial Nonlinear Models -- 10.2 Self-Organized Criticality -- 10.3 Emergence -- 10.4 Complex
Systems of Systems -- Case Study 10: Complex Systems in Nature -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 11 Observation & Inference -- 11.1 Forward Models -- 11.2 Remote Measurement -- 11.3 Resolution.-11.4 Inverse Problems -- Case
Study 11A: Sensing— Synthetic Aperture Radar -- Case Study 11B: Inversion— Atmospheric Temperature -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 12 Water.-12.1 Ocean Acidification -- 12.2 Ocean Garbage -- 12.3 Groundwater -- Case Study 12:
Satellite Remote Sensing of the Ocean -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 13 Concluding Thoughts -- Further Reading -- Part I Appendices -- Index
ISBN:9783319446066
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , System theory , Complexity, Computational , Climate change , Game theory , Physics , Complex Systems , Complexity , Complex Systems , Earth System Sciences , Climate Change , Game Theory
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Call number:9783319424248:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy Introduction and Essays on New and Changing Paradigms in Socio-Economic Thinking
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 232 p p.)
Contents:Non-Equilibrium Social Science & Policy -- Economics -- Social Psychology and Narrative Economy -- Sociology and Non-Equilibrium Social Science -- Geography far from Equilibrium -- Cities in Disequilibrium -- The Evolutionary Theory
of Globalization -- Systems, Networks, and Policy -- Towards a Complexity-Friendly Policy: breaking the vicious circle of equilibrium thinking in economic and public policy -- The Information Economy -- Complexity Science & the Art of
Policy Making -- The Complexity of Government -- The Room Around the Elephant: Tackling Context-Dependency in the Social Sciences -- Global Systems Science and Policy -- Index.
ISBN:9783319424248
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Operations research , Decision making , Complexity, Computational , Economic theory , Social sciences , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Methodology of the Social Sciences , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662490785:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Boundaries of a Complex World
Author(s): Andrei Ludu
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (112 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-49078-5
Contents:Part I Arts and Nonlinear Systems: `Nonlineart' -- Part II Mathematical Language -- Part III Applications -- Conclusions -- References
ISBN:9783662490785
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , Systems biology , Ecology , System theory , Statistical physics , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Complex Systems , Complexity , Systems Biology , Theoretical Ecology/Statistics , Earth System Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662484104:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos Detection and Predictability
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (44 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48410-4
Contents:Estimating Lyapunov exponents from time series -- Theory and applications of the fast Lyapunov Indicator (FLI) method -- Theory and applications of the Orthogonal Fast Lyapunov Indicator (OFLI and OFLI2) methods -- Theory and
applications of the Mean Exponential Growth factor of Nearby Orbits (MEGNO) method -- The Smaller (SALI) and the Generalized (GALI) Alignment Indices: Efficient Methods of Chaos Detection -- The Relative Lyapunov Indicators: Theory and
Application to Dynamical Astronomy -- The 0-1 Test for Chaos: A review
ISBN:9783662484104
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 915
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , Mathematical physics , Space sciences , Statistical physics , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Earth System Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319332765:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Tools and Applications for Economic Modelling Lectures Given at the COST Training School on New Economic Complex Geography at Urbino, Italy, 17-19 September 2015
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (41 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33276-5
Contents:Qualitative Methods in Continuous and Discrete Dynamical Systems -- Some Aspects on Global Analysis of Discrete Time Dynamical -- Dynamical Analysis of Cournot Oligopoly Models: Neimark-Sacker bifurcation and Related Mechanisms --
Some Dynamical Models in Regional Economics: Economic Structure and Analytic Tools -- Dynamic Modeling in Renewable Resource Exploitation -- Dynamic Models of Financial Markets with Heterogeneous Agents -- A Dynamical Model of Proximal
Development: Multiple Implementations
ISBN:9783319332765
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Economic geography , Statistical physics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Economic theory , Regional economics , Spatial economics , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Regional/Spatial Science , Economic Geography , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642415302:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles [electronic resource] : Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas
Author(s): Juan G Roederer
Hui Zhang
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a new edition of Roederers classic Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, updated and considerably expanded. The main objective is to describe the dynamic properties of magnetically trapped particles inplanetary radiation belts a nd plasmas and explain the physical processes involved from the theoretical point of view. The approach is to examine in detail the orbital and adiabatic motion of individual particles in typicalconfigurations of magnetic and electric fields in the magnet osphere and, from there, derive basic features of the particles collective macroscopic behavior in general planetary environments. Emphasis is not on the whatbut on the why of particle phenomena in near-earth space, providing a solid and clear understandi ng of the principal basic physical mechanisms and dynamic processes involved. The book will also serve as an introduction to generalspace plasma physics, with abundant basic examples to illustrate and explain the physical origin of different types of plas ma current systems and their self-organizing character via the magnetic field. The ultimate aim is to help bothgraduate students and interested scientists to successfully face the theoretical and experimental challenges lying ahead in space physics in vie w of recent and upcoming satellite missions and an expected wealth of data on radiationbelts and plasmas
Contents:Particle Drifts and the First Adiabatic Invariant
Particle Trapping, Drift Shells and the Second Adiabatic Invariant
Periodic Drift Motion and the Third Adiabatic Invariant
Trapped Particle Distributions and Flux Mapping
Violation of the Adiabatic Invariants and Trapped Particle Diffusion
Introduction to Plasma Physics
ISBN:9783642415302
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v403
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642414251:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Model of Spontaneous Potential Well-Logging and Its Numerical Solutions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Tatsien Li
Yongji Tan
Zhijie Cai
Wei Chen
Jingnong Wang
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Spontaneous potential (SP) well-logging is one of the most common and useful well-logging techniques in petroleum exploitation. This monograph is the first of its kind on the mathematical model of spontaneous potentialwell-logging and its numerical s olutions. The mathematical model established in this book shows the necessity of introducing Sobolev spaces with fractional power, which seriously increases the difficulty of proving the well-posednessand proposing numerical solution schemes. In this book , in the axi-symmetric situation the well-posedness of the corresponding mathematical model is proved and three efficient schemes of numerical solution are proposed, supported by anumber of numerical examples to meet practical computation needs
Contents:Preface
Modeling
Properties of solutions
Limiting behavior
Techniques of solution
Numerical simulation
Bibliography
ISBN:9783642414251
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642395413:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Five Decades of Tackling Models for Stiff Fluid Dynamics Problems [electronic resource] : A Scientific Autobiography
Author(s): Radyadour Kh Zeytounian
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Rationality - as opposed to 'ad-hoc' - and asymptotics - to emphasize the fact that perturbative methods are at the core of the theory - are the two main concepts associated with the Rational Asymptotic Modeling (RAM) approach influid dynamics when t he goal is to specifically provide useful models accessible to numerical simulation via high-speed computing. This approach has contributed to a fresh understanding of Newtonian fluid flow problems and has openedup new avenues for tackling real fluid flow phenomena, which are known to lead to very difficult mathematical and numerical problems irrespective of turbulence. With the present scientific autobiography the author guides the readerthrough his somewhat non-traditional career first discovering fluid mechanics, and then devoting more than fifty years to intense work in the field. Using both personal and general historical contexts, this account will be of benefitto anyone interested in the early and contemporary developments of an important branch of theoretical and computational fluid mechanics
Contents:Introduction
Ten Years in Armenia
The Moscow Period With I.A. Kibel
My French Scientific Career up to 2012
The Interrelationship Between NSF Equations and our RAM Approach
Retrospective Summary
Bibliography
ISBN:9783642395413
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068749:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geomathematics: Theoretical Foundations, Applications and Future Developments [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frits Agterberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides a wealth of geomathematical case history studies performed by the author during his career at the Ministry of Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada (NRCan-GSC). Several of the techniques newlydeveloped by the author and colleagues that are described in this book have become widely adopted, not only for further research by geomathematical colleagues, but by government organizations and industry worldwide. These includeWeights-of-Evidence modelling, mineral resource e stimation technology, trend surface analysis, automatic stratigraphic correlation and nonlinear geochemical exploration methods. The author has developed maximum likelihood methodologyand spline-fitting techniques for the construction of the international numerical geologic timescale. He has introduced the application of new theory of fractals and multifractals in the geostatistical evaluation of regional mineralresources and ore reserves and to study the spatial distribution of metals in rocks. The book also contains sections deemed important by the author but that have not been widely adopted because they require further research. Theseinclude the geometry of preferred orientations of contours and edge effects on maps, time series analysis of Quaternary retreating ice sheet related sedimentary data, estimation of first and last appearances of fossil taxa fromfrequency distributions of their observed first and last occurrences, tectonic reactivation along pre-existing schistosity planes in fold belts, us e of the grouped jackknife method for bias reduction in geometrical extrapolations, andnew applications of the theory of permanent, volume-independent frequency distributions
Contents:Foreword
Preface
1. Complexity of the Geological Framework and Use of Mathematics
2. Probability and Statistics
3.Maximum Likelihood, Lognormality and Compound Distributions
4.Correlation, Method of Least Squares, Linear Regression and the General Linear Model
5.Prediction of Occurrence of Discrete Events
6. Autocorrelation and Geostatistics
7.2D and 3D Trend Analysis
8.Statistical Analysis of Directional Features
9. Automated Stratigraphic Correlation, Splining and Geological Timescales
10. Fractals
11. Multifractals and Singularity Analysis
12
ISBN:9783319068749
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v18
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Geochemistry , GeologyxMathematics , Geology, Structural , Mines and mineral resources , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media [electronic resource]
Author(s): Allen Hunt
Robert Ewing
Behzad Ghanbarian
Date:2014
Edition:3rd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph presents, for the first time, a unified and comprehensive introduction to some of the basic transport properties of porous media, such as electrical and hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and diffusion. Theapproach is based on cr itical path analysis and the scaling of transport properties, which are individually described as functions of saturation. At the same time, the book supplies a tutorial on percolation theory for hydrologists,providing them with the tools for solving actu al problems. In turn, a separate chapter serves to introduce physicists to some of the language and complications of groundwater hydrology necessary for successful modeling. Theend-of-chapter problems often indicate open questions, which young researchers entering the field can readily start working on. This significantly revised and expanded third edition includes in particular two new chapters: one onadvanced fractal-based models, and one devoted to the discussion of various open issues such as the role of diffusion vs. advection, preferential flow vs. critical path, universal vs. non-universal exponents for conduction, and lastbut not least, the overall influence of the experimental apparatus in data collection and theory validation. The book is suitab le for advanced graduate courses, with selected problems and questions appearing at the end of eachchapter. [...] I think the book is an important work that will guide soil scientists, hydrologists, and physicists to gain a better qualitative and quantita tive understanding of multitransport properties of soils. (Marcel G. Schaap,Soil Science Society of America Journal, May-June, 2006)
Contents:Percolation Theory: Topology and Structure
Properties Relevant for Transport and Transport Applications
Porous Media Primer for Physicists
Fractal Models of Porous Media
Specific Examples of Critical Path Analysis
Hydraulic and Electrical Conductivity: Conductivity Exponents and Critical Path Analysis
Other Transport Properties of Porous Media
Pressure Saturation Curves and the Critical Volume Fraction for Percolation: Accessibility Function of Percolation Theory
Applications of the Correlation Length: Scale Effects on Flow
Applications of the Cluster Statistics
Pro
ISBN:9783319037714
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v880
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319029962:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Understanding Complex Urban Systems: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Modeling [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Walloth
Jens Martin Gurr
J. Alexander Schmidt
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Understanding Complex Urban Systems takes as its point of departure the insight that the challenges of global urbanization and the complexity of urban systems cannot be understood let alone managed by sectoral anddisciplinary approaches alone. But while there has recently been significant progress in broadening and refining the methodologies for the quantitative modeling of complex urban systems, in deepening the theoretical understanding ofcities as complex systems, or in illuminating the implicat ions for urban planning, there is still a lack of well-founded conceptual thinking on the methodological foundations and the strategies of modeling urban complexity across thedisciplines. Bringing together experts from the fields of urban and spatial plan ning, ecology, urban geography, real estate analysis, organizational cybernetics, stochastic optimization, and literary studies, as well as specialists invarious systems approaches and in transdisciplinary methodologies of urban analysis, the volume seeks to advance the discussion on multidisciplinary approaches to urban modeling. While engaging with the state of the art in theirrespective fields, the contributions are specifically written for both experts from a broad range of disciplines as well as for urban practitioners who feel the need for new approaches given the uncertainty of current developments
Contents:From the Contents: Introduction: Towards a Transdisciplinary Understanding of Complex Urban Systems
Multi
method Modeling and Simulation Supporting Urban Planning
Understanding Effects of Complexity in Cities During Disasters
Towards Evolutionary Economic Analysis of Sustainable Urban Real Estate:
Organized and Disorganized Complexities and Socio
Economic Implications in the Northern Ruhr Area
ISBN:9783319029962
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319026572:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alessandra Celletti
Ugo Locatelli
Tommaso Ruggeri
Elisabetta Strickland
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In 2013 several scientific activities have been devoted to mathematical researches for the study of planet Earth. The current volume presents a selection of the highly topical issues presented at the workshop MathematicalModels and Methods for Planet Earth, held in Roma (Italy), in May 2013. The fields of interest span from impacts of dangerous asteroids to the safeguard from space debris, from climatic changes to monitoring geological events, fromthe study of tumor growth to sociological problems. I n all these fields the mathematical studies play a relevant role as a tool for the analysis of specific topics and as an ingredient of multidisciplinary problems. To investigatethese problems we will see many different mathematical tools at work: just to mention some, stochastic processes, PDE, normal forms, chaos theory
Contents:1 Christiane Rousseau: Mathematics of Planet Earth
2 Laure Saint
Raymond: The role of boundary layers in the large
scale ocean circulation
3 Paolo Dai Pra: Noise
induced periodicity: some stochastic models for complex biological systems
4 Andrea Tosin: Kinetic equations and stochastic game theory for social systems
5 Luigi Preziosi: Using mathematical modelling as a virtual microscope to support biomedical research
6 Adriano Barra: Ferromagnetic models for cooperative behavior: Revisiting Universality in complex phenomena
7 Ettore Perozzi:
ISBN:9783319026572
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer INdAM Series, 2281-518X : v6
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Geography , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461409298:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Flags of the Night Sky [electronic resource] : When Astronomy Meets National Pride
Author(s): Andr G Bordeleau
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Many national flags display astronomical featuresSun, Moon, starsbut are they really based on existing astronomical objects? The United States flag sports 50 stars, one for each state, however none of them are linked toreal stars. Further, the lunar crescent is often shaped like the Sun being eclipsed by the Moon. At times, stars are seen right next to the crescent, where the darkened disc of the moon should be! This book will present trueastronomical objects and patterns highlighted on national flag s and link informative capsules about these objects to the political reasons why they were chosen to adorn such an important symbol
Contents:Federative Republic of Brazil: Constellations in the Breeze
Crux: Beacon of the Southern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere: The Empty Sky
Sun
bearing Flags: Here Comes the Sun
Moon
bearing Flags: Bright side of the Moon
Starry Flags: Heres Stars in Your EyesNorthern Hemisphere
Starry Flags: Heres Stars in Your EyesSouthern Hemisphere
Glossary: Vexillology
Glossary: Astronomy
ISBN:9781461409298
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Human Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642322204:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mssbauer Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Tutorial Book
Author(s): Yutaka Yoshida
Guido Langouche
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Tutorials on Mssbauer Spectroscopy Since the discovery of the Mssbauer Effect many excellent books have been published for researchers and for doctoral and master level students. However, there appears to be no textbookavailable for final year bachel or students, nor for people working in industry who have received only basic courses in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, chemistry and materials science. The challenge of thisbook is to give an introduction to Mssbauer Spectroscop y for this level. The ultimate goal of this book is to give this audience not only a scientific introduction to the technique, but also to demonstrate in an attractive way thepower of Mssbauer Spectroscopy in many fields of science, in order to create int erest among the readers in joining the community of Mssbauer spectroscopists. This is particularly important at times where in many Mssbauerlaboratories succession is at stake
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Introduction to Mssbauer Spectroscopy (S. Nasu)
Chemical Applications of Mssbauer Spectroscopy (P. Gtlich and Y. Garcia)
Application of Mssbauer Spectroscopy in Earth Sciences (R. E. Vandenberghe)
Fe
based Nanostructures Investigated by Mssbauer Spectrometry (J
M. Greneche)
Magnetic Multilayers and Interfaces (T. Shinjo and K. Mibu)
Implantation Techniques to Extract Atomistic Information in Materials Resesarch (G. Langouche and Y. Yoshida)
ISBN:9783642322204
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Physical geography , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642302268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space-Time Reference Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Soffel
Ralf Langhans
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The high accuracy of modern astronomical spatial-temporal reference systems has made them considerably complex. This book offers a comprehensive overview of such systems. It begins with a discussion of The Problem of Time,including recent development s in the art of clock making (e.g., optical clocks) and various time scales. The authors address the definitions and realization of spatial coordinates by reference to remote celestial objects such asquasars. After an extensive treatment of classical equi nox-based coordinates, new paradigms for setting up a celestial reference system are introduced that no longer refer to the translational and rotational motion of the Earth. Therole of relativity in the definition and realization of such systems is clarif ied. The topics presented in this book are complemented by exercises (with solutions). The authors offer a series of files, written in Maple, a standardcomputer algebra system, to help readers get a feel for the various models and orders of magnitude. Bey ond astrometry, the main fields of application of high-precision astronomical spatial-temporal reference systems and frames arenavigation (GPS, interplanetary spacecraft navigation) and global geodynamics, which provide a high-precision Celestial Referenc e System and its link to any terrestrial spatial-temporal reference system. Mankinds urgentenvironmental questions can only be answered in the context of appropriate reference systems in which both aspects, space and time, are realized with a sufficiently high level of accuracy. This book addresses all those interested inhigh-precision reference systems and the various techniques (GPS, Very Long Baseline Interferometry, Satellite Laser Ranging, Lunar Laser Ranging) necessary for their realization, includi ng the production and dissemination of timesignals.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Symbols
Preface
1 Introduction
2 Time
3 Space
Time
4 Barycentric Dynamical Reference System
5 Classical Astronomical Coordinates
6 Astrometry
7 Celestial Reference System
8 Terrestrial Reference System
9 From the GCRS to the ITRS
10 Astronomical Software Yearbooks
11 Astronomical constants
References
List of acronyms
Appendix A: Solutions to Exercises
Appendix B: Description of the AstroRef Package
Index 304
ISBN:9783642302268
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000350:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Algorithms from and for Nature and Life [electronic resource] : Classification and Data Analysis
Author(s): Berthold Lausen
Dirk Van den Poel
Alfred Ultsch
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume provides approaches and solutions to challenges occurring at the interface of research fields such as, e.g., data analysis, data mining and knowledge discovery, computer science, operations research, and statistics. Inaddition to theory-o riented contributions various application areas are included. Moreover, traditional classification research directions concerning network data, graphs, and social relationships as well as statistical musicologydescribe examples for current interest fields tackled by the authors. The book comprises a total of 55 selected papers presented at the Joint Conference of the German Classification Society (GfKl),the German Association for PatternRecognition (DAGM), and the Symposium of the International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS) in 2011
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Invited
Clustering and Unsupervised Learning
Statistical Data Analysis, Visualization and Scaling
Bioinformatics and Biostatistics
Archaeology and Geography, Psychology and Educational Sciences
Text Mining, Social Networks and Clustering
Banking and Finance
Marketing and Management
Music Classification Workshop
ISBN:9783319000350
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization, 1431-8814
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Social sciences Data processing , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034805636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Special Functions of Mathematical (Geo-)Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Willi Freeden
Martin Gutting
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Special functions enable us to formulate a scientific problem by reduction such that a new, more concrete problem can be attacked within a well-structured framework, usually in the context of differential equations. A goodunderstanding of special fun ctions provides the capacity to recognize the causality between the abstractness of the mathematical concept and both the impact on and cross-sectional importance to the scientific reality. The specialfunctions to be discussed in this monograph vary great ly, depending on the measurement parameters examined (gravitation, electric and magnetic fields, deformation, climate observables, fluid flow, etc.) and on the respective fieldcharacteristic (potential field, diffusion field, wave field). The differential equation under consideration determines the type of special functions that are needed in the desired reduction process. Each chapter closes with exercisesthat reflect significant topics, mostly in computational applications. As a result, readers are not only directly confronted with the specific contents of each chapter, but also with additional knowledge on mathematical fields ofresearch, where special functions are essential to application. All in all, the book is an equally valuable resource for educa tion in geomathematics and the study of applied and harmonic analysis. Students who wish to continue withfurther studies should consult the literature given as supplements for each topic covered in the exercises
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction: Geomathematical Motivation
Part I: Auxiliary Functions
2 The Gamma Function
3 Orthogonal Polynomials
Part II: Spherically Oriented Functions
4 Scalar Spherical Harmonics in R^3
5 Vectorial Spherical Harmonics in R^3
6 Spherical Harmonics in R^q
7 Classical Bessel Functions
8 Bessel Functions in R^q
Part III: Periodically Oriented Functions
9 Lattice Functions in R
10 Lattice Functions in R^q
11 Concluding Remarks
References
Index
ISBN:9783034805636
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography , Meteorology , Harmonic analysis , Differential equations, partial , Functions, special
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461481638:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Permutation Tests in Shape Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): LUIGI SALMASO
Chiara Brombin
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Statistical shape analysis is a geometrical analysis from a set of shapes in which statistics are measured to describe geometrical properties from similar shapes or different groups, for instance, the difference between male andfemale Gorilla skull s hapes, normal and pathological bone shapes, etc. Some of the important aspects of shape analysis are to obtain a measure of distance between shapes, to estimate average shapes from a (possibly random) sample andto estimate shape variability in a sample[1] . One of the main methods used is principal component analysis. Specific applications of shape analysis may befound in archaeology, architecture, biology, geography, geology, agriculture,genetics, medical imaging, security applications such as face recogn ition, entertainment industry (movies, games), computer-aided design and manufacturing. This is a proposal for a new Brief on statistical shape analysis and thevarious new parametric and non-parametric methods utilized to facilitate shape analysis.
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781461481638
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X : v15
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461477624:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Constant-Scale Natural Boundary Mapping to Reveal Global and Cosmic Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pamela Elizabeth Clark
Chuck Clark
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Whereas conventional maps can be expressed as outward-expanding formulae with well-defined central features and relatively poorly defined edges, Constant Scale Natural Boundary (CSNB) maps have well-defined boundaries that resultfrom natural processe s and thus allow spatial and dynamic relationships to be observed in a new way useful to understanding these processes. CSNB mapping presents a new approach to visualization that produces maps markedly differentfrom those produced by conventional cartogra phic methods. In this approach, any body can be represented by a 3D coordinate system. For a regular body, with its surface relatively smooth on the scale of its size, locations of featurescan be represented by definite geographic grid (latitude and longi tude) and elevation, or deviation from the triaxial ellipsoid defined surface. A continuous surface on this body can be segmented, its distinctive regional terranesenclosed, and their inter-relationships defined, by using selected morphologically identifi able relief features (e.g., continental divides, plate boundaries, river or current systems). In this way, regions of distinction on a large,essentially spherical body can be mapped as two-dimensional facets with their boundaries representing regional to global-scale asymmetries (e.g., continental crust, continental and oceanic crust on the Earth, farside originalthicker crust and nearside thinner impact punctuated crust on the Moon). In an analogous manner, an irregular object such as an asteroid, with a surface that is rough on the scale of its size, would be logically segmented along edgesof its impact-generated faces. Bounded faces are imagined with hinges at occasional points along boundaries, resulting in a foldable shape model. Thus, bounded faces grow organically out of the most compelling natural features.Obvious boundaries control the maps extremities, and peripheral regions are not dismembered or grossly distorted as in convent
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter One: Constant
Scale Natural Boundary Mapping in Context
Chapter Two: CSNB Mapping Technique
Chapter Three: Interpretation of CSNB Maps
Chapter Four: Mapping the Earth
Chapter Five: CSNB Mapping Applied to Other Regular Bodies
Chapter Six: CSNB Mapping Applied to Irregular Bodies
Chapter Seven: Mapping the Sky
Chapter Eight: The Future of CSNB Mapping
ISBN:9781461477624
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Astronomy, 2191-9100
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Planetology , Geographical information systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476184:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roger S Bivand
Edzer Pebesma
Virgilio Gmez-Rubio
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, Second Edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to accessand visualise spatia l data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second partshowcases more specialised kinds of spatial d ata analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges fromstandard techniques to new developments, and the examples used ar e largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additionaldata sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edit ion covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that haveappeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to hand le, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who areinterested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatialdata, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. Thebook has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-boo
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface 2nd edition
Preface 1st edition
Hello World: Introducing Spatial Data
Classes for Spatial Data in R
Visualising Spatial Data
Spatial Data Import and Export
Further Methods for Handling Spatial Data
Classes for spatio
temporal Data
Spatial Point Pattern Analysis
Interpolation and Geostatistics
Modelling Areal Data
Disease Mapping
ISBN:9781461476184
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R! : v10
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461474340:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Challenges in the Geosciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Clint Dawson
Margot Gerritsen
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Computational Challenges in the Geosciences addresses a cross-section of grand challenge problems arising in geoscience applications, including groundwater and petroleum reservoir simulation, hurricane storm surge, oceanography,volcanic eruptions and landslides, and tsunamis. Each of these applications gives rise to complex physical and mathematical models spanning multiple space-time scales, which can only be studied through computer simulation. The datarequired by the models is often highly uncerta in, and the numerical solution of the models requires sophisticated algorithms which are mathematically accurate, computationally efficient and yet must preserve basic physical propertiesof the models. This volume summarizes current methodologies and futu re research challenges in this broad and important field.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Physical and Computational Issues in the Numerical Modeling of Ocean Circulation, R.L. Higdon
Modeling Hazardous, Free
Surface Geophysical Flows with Depth
Averaged Hyperbolic Systems and Adaptive Numerical Methods, D.L. George
Real
Time Forecasting and Visualization of Hurricane Waves and Storm Surge using SWAN+ADCIRC and FigureGen, J.C. Dietrich, C.N. Dawson, J.M. Proft, M.T. Howard, G. Wells, J.G. Fleming, R.A. Luettich, Jr., J.J. Westerink, Z.Cobell, M. Vitse, H. Land er, B.O. Blanton, C.M. Szpilka, J.H. Atkinson
Methane in Surbsurface: Mathematical Modeling and Computational Ch
ISBN:9781461474340
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, 0940-6573 : v156
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9780817683702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geography of Order and Chaos in Mechanics [electronic resource] : Investigations of Quasi-Integrable Systems with Analytical, Numerical, and Graphical Tools
Author(s): Bruno Cordani
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This original monograph aims to explore the dynamics in the particular but very important and significant case of quasi-integrable Hamiltonian systems, or integrable systems slightly perturbed by other forces. With both analyticand numerical methods, the book studies several of these systemsincluding for example the hydrogen atom or the solar system, with the associated Arnold webthrough modern tools such as the frequency-modified fourier transform,wavelets, and the frequency-modulation indicator. Me anwhile, it draws heavily on the more standard KAM and Nekhoroshev theorems. Geography of Order and Chaos in Mechanics contains many figures that illuminate its concepts in novelways, but perhaps its most useful feature is its inclusion of software to rep roduce the various numerical experiments. The graphical user interfaces of five supplied MATLAB programs allows readers without any knowledge of computerprogramming to visualize and experiment with the distribution of order, chaos and resonances in variou s Hamiltonian systems. This monograph will be a valuable resource for professional researchers and certain advanced undergraduatestudents in mathematics and physics, but mostly will be an exceptional reference for Ph.D. students with an interest in pertur bation theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
List of Figures
1 Introductory Survey
2 Analytical Mechanics and Integrable Systems
3 Perturbation Theory
4 Numerical Tools I: ODE Integration
5 Numerical Tools II: Detecting Order, Chaos, and Resonances
6 The Kepler Problem
7 TheKEPLER Program
8 Some Perturbed Keplerian Systems
9 The Multi
Body Gravitational Problem
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9780817683702
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics : v64
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Global differential geometry , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400741539:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geostatistics Oslo 2012 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Petter Abrahamsen
Ragnar Hauge
Odd Kolbjrnsen
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book consists of 44 technical papers presented at the Ninth International Geostatistics Congress held in Oslo, Norway in June 2012. The papers have been reviewed by a panel of specialists in Geostatistics.The book isdivided into four main sectio ns: Theory Petroleum Mining and Environment, Climate and Hydrology.The first section focuses on new ideas of general interest to many fields of applications. The next sections are more focused on theparticular needs of the particular industry or activity. Geostatistics is vital to any industry dependent on natural resources. Methods from geostatistics are used for estimating reserves, quantifying economical risk and planningof future industrial operations. Geostatistics is also an important tool for mappi ng environmental hazard and integrating climate data
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Part I Theory
Sequential simulation with iterative methods
Applications of randomized methods for decomposing and simulating from large covariance matrices
Event
based geostatistical modeling: description and applications
A plurigaussian model for simulating regionalized compositions
New flexible non
parametric data transformation for trans
Gaussian kriging
Revisiting the linear model of coregionalisation
Modeling nonlinear beta probability fields
Approximations of high
order spatial statistics through decomposition
Multip
ISBN:9789400741539
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v17
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847026407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Arminio Nobile e la misura del cielo [electronic resource] : ovvero Le disavventure di un astronomo napoletano
Author(s): Massimo Capaccioli
Silvia Galano
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
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Note:La scienza unesaltante avventura che costume raccontare attraverso le gesta dei grandi. Esiste per unaltra storia, altrettanto avvincente ma con poca voce, scritta dai tanti gregari e potenziali campioni cui lasorte, spesso nemmeno troppo cieca, ha negato la gloria. Questo libro parla di uno di loro e del suo piccolo mondo sulla collina di Capodimonte, a Napoli. la parabola di Arminio Nobile personaggio notevole eppure poco notodellastronomia italiana svolta sulla scena della nascente astrofisic a, in una stagione di grandi transizioni per il Mezzogiorno. Arminio, che era figlio di Giuseppina Guacci, figura di spicco della cultura pre-risorgimentale, edi un valente astronomo della Specola di Capodimonte, scelse di votarsi allo studio del cielo. O sservatore instancabile, appassionato e genialoide, aveva le carte in regola e le motivazioni per sfondare, ma la fortuna non gliarrise: pi volte si beff di lui, spingendolo su vicoli ciechi che la sua testardaggine gli imped di abbandonare. Cos, quando l a grande occasione gli si par davanti, la riconobbe ma non seppe coglierla appieno, morendodisperato come il pucciniano amante di Tosca
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788847026407
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:i blu - pagine di scienza, 2239-7477
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642285127:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing III [electronic resource] : Long-Time Behavior of Evolution Inclusions Solutions in Earth Data Analysis
Author(s): Mikhail Z Zgurovsky
Pavlo O Kasyanov
Oleksiy V Kapustyan
Jos Valero
Nina V Zadoianchuk
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642285127
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics, 1571-8689 : v27
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Engineering , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642230998:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Automated Solution of Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method [electronic resource] : The FEniCS Book
Author(s): Anders Logg
Kent-Andre Mardal
Garth Wells
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is written by researchers and developers behind the FEniCS Project and explores an advanced, expressive approach to the development of mathematical software. The presentation spans mathematical background, softwaredesign and the use of FEni CS in applications. Theoretical aspects are complemented with computer code which is available as free/open source software. The book begins with a tutorial for readers who are new to the topic. Following thetutorial, chapters in Part I address fundamenta l aspects of the approach to automating the creation of finite element solvers. Chapters in Part II address the design and implementation of the FEnicS software. Chapters in Part IIIpresent the application of FEniCS to a wide range of applications, includ ing fluid flow, solid mechanics, electromagnetics and geophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642230998
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v84
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Electronic data processing , Computer science , Computer software , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642182907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Sonar Design in Underwater Acoustics [electronic resource] : Principles and Applications
Author(s): Qihu Li
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Digital Sonar Design in Underwater Acoustics Principles and Applications provides comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of research on sonar design, including the basic theory and techniques of digital signal processing,basic concept of information t heory, ocean acoustics, underwater acoustic signal propagation theory, and underwater signal processing theory. This book discusses the general design procedure and approaches to implementation, the designmethod, system simulation theory and techniques, s onar tests in the laboratory, lake and sea, and practical validation criteria and methods for digital sonar design. It is intended for researchers in the fields of underwater signalprocessing and sonar design, and also for navy officers and ocean explorer s. Qihu Li is a professor at the Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Brief history of digital sonar development
Basic theory of digital signal processing
Detection and estimation theory of digital signal
General principle of sonar design
Design of digital sonar
The implementation method of various function of digital sonar
System simulation technique in digital sonar design
Examples of typical modern digital sonar
Software and hardware support and performance evaluation in digital sonar design
ISBN:9783642182907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China, 1995-6819 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Oceanography , Acoustics , Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642170867:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances and Challenges in Space-time Modelling of Natural Events [electronic resource]
Author(s): Emilio Porcu
JosMara Montero
Martin Schlather
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book arises as the natural continuation of the International Spring School Advances and Challenges in Space-Time modelling of Natural Events, which took place in Toledo (Spain) in March 2010. This Spring School above allfocused on young research ers (Master students, PhD students and post-doctoral researchers) in academics, extra-university research and the industry who are interested in learning about recent developments, new methods and applicationsin spatial statistics and related areas, and i n exchanging ideas and findings with colleagues
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to the Book: Space
Time Random Fields by J.M. Montero, E. Porcu, M. Schlather and G. Fernndez
Avils
Random Fields Defined on Hilbert Spaces by Hao Zhang
Some Problems Relating Isotropic Covariance Functions by Michael L. Stein and Emilio Porcu
Multivariate Random Fields and Robustness in Spatial Statistics by Marc G. Genton
Spatial and Space
Time Extreme Value Theory for Random Fields by Martin Schlather
Space
Time Second Order Properties of Random Fields by Emilio Porcu, J.Maria Montero and Gema Fernndez
Avils
Gaussian Markov Random Fields by Finn Lindgr
ISBN:9783642170867
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics, 0930-0325 : v207
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Geography , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642155314:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Light Scattering Reviews, Vol. 6 [electronic resource] : Light Scattering and Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Surface
Author(s): Alexander A Kokhanovsky
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is the next volume in series of Light Scattering Reviews. Volumes 1-5 have already been printed by Springer. The volume is composed of several papers ( usually, 10) of leading researchers in the respective field. The mainfocus of this book is li ght scattering, radiative transfer and optics of snow
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1. Single light scattering
1. 1. Finite
difference time domain solution of light scattering by arbi
1.2.Light scattering by irregularly shaped particles comparable with wavelength trarily shaped particles and surfaces
1.3.Light scattering by large particles
1.4. Polar nephelometer: design and measurements
Chapter 2. Radiative transfer
2.1 The general
purpose discrete
ordinate algorithm DISORT for radiative transfer 2.2. SCIATRAN: a new tool for studies of the polarized radiative transfer in the terrestrial atmosphere underlying surface system
Chapter 3. Remote
ISBN:9783642155314
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Environmental sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461431039:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Remote Sensing [electronic resource]
Author(s): Siamak Khorram
Stacy A.C Nelson
Frank H Koch
Cynthia F van der Wiele
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Remote Sensingprovides information on how remote sensing relates to the natural resources inventory, management, and monitoring, as well as environmental concerns. It explains the role of this new technology in current globalchallenges. Remote Sensin g will discuss remotely sensed data application payloads and platforms, along with the methodologies involving image processing techniques as applied to remotely sensed data. This title provides informationon image classification techniques and image regi stration, data integration, and data fusion techniques. How this technology applies to natural resources and environmental concerns will also be discussed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Data Acquisition
Data Processing Tools
Case Study Applications of Remote Sensing in Earth Observation
Political and Application Trends at International and National Levels
Future Trends in Remote Sensing
Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9781461431039
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Space Development, 2191-8171
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Remote sensing , Astrophysics , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461411659:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Emigrating Beyond Earth [electronic resource] : Human Adaptation and Space Colonization
Author(s): Cameron M Smith
Evan T Davies
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:For four million years humankind has been actively expanding geographically and in doing so has adapted to a wide variety of hostile environments. Now we are looking towards the ultimate adaptation - the colonization of space.Emigrating Beyond Earth illustrates that this is not a technocratic endeavor, but a natural continuation of human evolution a journey not just for the engineer and rocket scientist, but for everyman. Based on the most currentunderstanding of our universe, human adaptation and ev olution, the authors explain why space colonization must be planned as an adaptation to, rather than the conquest of, space. Emigrating Beyond Earth argues that space colonizationis an insurance policy for our species, and that it isn't about rockets and robots, it's about humans doing what we've been doing for four million years: finding new places and new ways to live. Applying a unique anthropologicalapproach, the authors outline a framework for continued human space exploration and offer a glimpse of a possible human future involving interstellar travel and settlement of worlds beyond our own
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Figures
List of Tables
Acknowledgements and Dedications
About the Authors
Preface
Part I: The Context and Uniqueness of Human Evolution and Adaptation
Chapter 1: The Extraterrestrial Adaptation: Humanity, Evolution and Migration Into Space
Chapter 2: Stardust: The Origins of Life, Evolution and Adaptation
Chapter 3: The Adaptive Equipment of the Genus Homo: Symbolism and Niche Construction
Part II: Arguments For and Against Human Space Colonization
Chapter 4: A Choice of Catastrophes
Common Arguments for Space Colonization
Chapter 5: False Choices
C
ISBN:9781461411659
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Astronomy , Human Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461411642:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Emigrating Beyond Earth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Cameron M Smith
Evan T. Davies
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461411642
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:e-books
Keywords: Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Popular Science in Astronomy , Human Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400704985:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Jacobi Dynamics [electronic resource] : A Unified Theory with Applications to Geophysics, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Author(s): V.I Ferronsky
S.A Denisik
S.V Ferronsky
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9789400704985
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v369
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Remote sensing , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642211447:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laboratory Science with Space Data [electronic resource] : Accessing and Using Space-Experiment Data
Author(s): Daniel Beysens
Luigi Carotenuto
Jack J.W.A van Loon
Martin Zell
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:For decades experiments conducted on space stations like MIR and the ISS have been gathering data in many fields of research in the natural sciences, medicine and engineering. The European Union-sponsored ULISSE project focused onexploring the wealth of unique experimental data provided by revealing raw and metadata from these studies via an Internet Portal. This book complements the portal. It serves as a handbook of space experiments and describes the varioustypes of experimental infrastructure are as of research in the life and physical sciences and technology space missions that hosted scientific experiments the types and structures of the data produced and how one can access the datathrough ULISSE for further research. The book provides an overvi ew of the wealth of space experiment data that can be used for additional research and will inspire academics (e.g. those looking for topics for their PhD thesis) andresearch departments in companies for their continued development
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 Space and Ground
Based Infrastructures
2.1 Characteristics of the Space Environment
2.2 Space Infrastructure
2.3 Non
orbital weightless research platforms
2.4 Ground
based facilities and space simulators
3 Areas of research
3.1 Physical sciences
3.2 Life sciences
4 ULISSE access to data
4.1 Data description
4.2 Identification of information: the ULISSE knowledge base
4.3 ULISSE: data access services.
ISBN:9783642211447
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Medicine , Data mining , Life sciences , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642203503:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaotic Flows [electronic resource] : Correlation effects and coherent structures
Author(s): Oleg G Bakunin
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book introduces readers to and summarizes the current ideas and theories about the basic mechanisms for transport in chaotic flows. Typically no single paradigmatic approach exists as this topic is relevant for fields asdiverse as plasma physics, geophysical flows and various branches of engineering. Accordingly, the dispersion of matter in chaotic or turbulent flows is analyzed from different perspectives. Partly based on lecture courses given by theauthor, this book addresses both graduate stud ents and researchers in search of a high-level but approachable and broad introduction to the topic
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Diffusion and Correlations
Introduction
Advection and Transport. the Langevin Equation and Transport
Part II Lagrangian Description
Lagrangian Description of Chaotic Flows
Lagrangian Chaos
Part III Phenomenological Models
Correlation Effects and Transport Equations
the Taylor Shear Dispersion
Part IV Fractals and Anomalous Transport
Fractal Objects and Scaling
Random Shear Flows and Correlations
Part V Structures and Nonlocal Effects
Transport and Complex Structures
Fractional Models of Anomalous Transport
Part VI Isotropic Turbulence and Sca
ISBN:9783642203503
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389 : v10
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642200892:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Short Journey from Quarks to the Universe [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eleftherios N Economou
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book takes the reader for a short journey over the structures of matter showing that their main properties can be obtained even at a quantitative level with a minimum background knowledge. The latter, besides some highschool physics and mathemat ics, consists of the three cornerstones of science presented in chapters 1 to 3, namely the atomic idea, the wave-particle duality, and the minimization of energy as the condition for equilibrium. Dimensionalanalysis employing the universal constants and combined with a little imagination and thinking, to quote Feynman, allows an amazing short-cut derivation of several quantitative results concerning the structures of matter. Thisbook is expected to be of interest to physics, engineering, and other scienc e students and to researchers in physics, material science, chemistry, and engineering who may find stimulating the alternative derivation of several realworld results, which sometimes seem to pop out the magicians hat
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction: The World according to Physics Levels of the structure of mater
PART 1: Three key
ideas and a short
cut
The atomic idea
The wave
particle duality
Equilibrium and minimization of total energy
Dimensional analysis: A short
cut to physics relations
PART 2: This World, this small World, the great
From quark and gluons to hadrons
From protons and neutrons to nuclei
From nuclei and electrons to atoms
From atoms to molecules
From atoms and molecules to solids and liquids
Planets
Stars, dead or alive
Cosmology
Revisiting photons
ISBN:9783642200892
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics : v1
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642194511:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complexity, Cognition and the City [electronic resource]
Author(s): Juval Portugali
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the manyissues and facets of re gional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban agents he makesthe crucial step of attributing cognition to his age nts and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, theauthor eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planner s and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights,ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research with the twofold aim of further pushing back the boundaries of complexity science and emphasizing the all-important interrelation of hard and soft sciences in recognizing thecognitive sciences as another necessary ingredient for meaningful urban studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Introduction
Part I: The Culture of Cities
The Two Cultures of Cities
The First Culture of Cities
The Second Culture of Cities
Complexity Theories of Cities (CTC)
Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age: Achievements, Criticism, and Potentials. Part II: Complexity, Cognition and the City
Cognition, Complexity and the City
SIRN Synergetic Inter
Representation Networks
Shannonian Information and the City
Semantic Information and the City
Notes on the Category City
Complex Artificial Environments
Part III: Complexity
ISBN:9783642194511
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Architecture , Regional economics , Business planning , Human Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642181702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Large-Scale Perturbations of Magnetohydrodynamic Regimes [electronic resource] : Linear and Weakly Nonlinear Stability Theory
Author(s): Vladislav Zheligovsky
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:New developments for hydrodynamical dynamo theory have been spurred by recent evidence of self-sustained dynamo activity in laboratory experiments with liquid metals. The emphasis in the present volume is on the introduction ofpowerful mathematical t echniques required to tackle modern multiscale analysis of continous systems and there application to a number of realistic model geometries of increasing complexity. This introductory and self-contained researchmonograph summarizes the theoretical state- of-the-art to which the author has made pioneering contributions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Large
scale Passive Scalar Transport
Steady
flow Dynamos
Time
periodic Flow Dynamos
Convective Plan
form Dynamos in a Layer
Linear Stability of Steady MHD States to Large
scale Perturbations
Weakly Nonlinear Stability of MHD Regimes
Forced Hydromagnetic Thermal Convection: Weakly Nonlinear Stability to Large
scale Perturbation
Free Hydromagnetic Thermal Convection: Weakly Nonlinear Stability to Large
scale Perturbations
Magnetic Field Generation by Large
amplitude Flows With an Internal Scale in an Axisymmetric Volume. One Azimuthal Fast Variable
Magn
ISBN:9783642181702
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v829
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Physical geography , Mathematical geography , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642159428:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Wave Turbulence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sergey Nazarenko
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Wave Turbulence refers to the statistical theory of weakly nonlinear dispersive waves. There is a wide and growing spectrum of physical applications, ranging from sea waves, to plasma waves, to superfluid turbulence, to nonlinearoptics and Bose-Einst ein condensates. Beyond the fundamentals the book thus also covers new developments such as the interaction of random waves with coherent structures (vortices, solitons, wave breaks), inverse cascades leading tocondensation and the transitions between wea k and strong turbulence, turbulence intermittency as well as finite system size effects, such as frozen turbulence, discrete wave resonances and avalanche-type energy cascades. Thisbook is an outgrow of several lectures courses held by the author and, as a result, written and structured rather as a graduate text than a monograph, with many exercises and solutions offered along the way. The present compactdescription primarily addresses students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter and work in t his field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Wave Trubulence as a Part of General Turbulence Theory
For the Impatint: a WT Cheatsheet
Solutions to Exercises
Statistical Objects in Wave Turbulence
Wave Turbulence Formalism
Solutions to Exercises
Conserved Quantities in Wave Turbulence and Their Cascades
Steady State and Evolving Solutions for the Wave Sepctrum
Finite
Size Effects in Wave Turbulence
Properties of the Higher
order Statistics. Intermitency and WT Life Cycle
Solutions to Exercises
Nonlocal Drift/Rossby Wave Turbulence
Magneto
Hydrodynamic Trubulence
Bose
Einstein Condensa
ISBN:9783642159428
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v825
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642150012:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organized Criticality in Astrophysics [electronic resource] : The Statistics of Nonlinear Processes in the Universe
Author(s): Markus Aschwanden
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The concept of self-organized criticality (SOC) has been applied to a variety of problems, ranging from population growth and traffic jams to earthquakes, landslides and forest fires. The technique is now being applied to awide range of phenomena in astrophysics, such as planetary magnetospheres, solar flares, cataclysmic variable stars, accretion disks, black holes and gamma-ray bursts, and also to phenomena in galactic physics and cosmology.Self-organized Criticality in Astrophysics introduces the concept of SOC and shows that, due to its universality and ubiquity, it is a law of nature. The theoretical framework and specific physical models are described, together with arange of applications in various aspects of astrophyics. The mathematical tech niques, including the statistics of random processes, time series analysis, time scale and waiting time distributions, are presented and the results areapplied to specific observations of astrophysical phenomena
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Self
Organized Criticality in the Universe
2 Numerical SOC Models
3 Statistics of Random Processes
4 Time Series Analysis
5 Time Scale Distributions
6 Waiting Time Distributions
7 Occurrence Frequency Distributions
8 Fractal Geometry
9 Scaling Laws
10 Physical SOC Models in Astrophysics
ISBN:9783642150012
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642138782:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing II [electronic resource] : Differential-Operator Inclusions and Evolution Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing
Author(s): Mikhail Z Zgurovsky
Valery S Mel'nik
Pavlo O Kasyanov
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642138782
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics, 1571-8689 : v25
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642138379:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing I [electronic resource] : Operator Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing
Author(s): Mikhail Z Zgurovsky
Valery S Mel'nik
Pavlo O Kasyanov
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642138379
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics, 1571-8689 : v24
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441979766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical Ecology with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel Borcard
Francois Gillet
Pierre Legendre
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Numerical Ecology with R provides a long-awaited bridge between a textbook in Numerical Ecology and the implementation of this discipline in the R language. After short theoretical overviews, the authors accompany the usersthrough the exploration of the methods by means of applied and extensively commented examples. Users are invited to use this book as a teaching companion at the computer. The travel starts with exploratory approaches, proceeds with theconstruction of associationmatrices, then addre sses three families of methods: clustering, unconstrained and canonical ordination,and spatial analysis. All the necessary data files, the scripts used in the chapters, as well as theextra R functions and packages written by the authors, can be downloaded from a web page accessible through the Springer web site(http://adn.biol.umontreal.ca/~numericalecology/numecolR/). This book is aimed at professionalresearchers, practitioners, graduate students and teachers in ecology, environmental science and enginee ring, and in related fields such as oceanography, molecular ecology, agriculture and soil science, who already have a background ingeneral and multivariate statistics and wish to apply this knowledge to their data using the R language, as well as people w illing to accompany their disciplinary learning with practical applications. People from other fields (e.g.geology, geography, paleoecology, phylogenetics, anthropology, the social and education sciences, etc.) may also benefit from the materials presente d in this book. The three authors teach numerical ecology, both theoretical andpractical, to a wide array of audiences, in regular courses in their Universities and in short courses given around the world. Daniel Borcard is lecturer of Biostatistics and E cology and researcher in Numerical Ecology at Universitde Montral, Qubec, Canada. Franois Gillet is professor of Community Ecology and Ecological Modelling at Universit de Franche-Comt,
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Exploratory data analysis
Association measures and matrices
Cluster analysis
Unconstrained ordination
Canonical ordination
Spatial analysis of ecological data
ISBN:9781441979766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Epidemiology , Statistical methods , Ecology , Forests and forestry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441969477:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of Excitation and Ionization of Atoms and Molecules by Electron Impact [electronic resource]
Author(s): Afzal Chaudhry
Hans Kleinpoppen
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Analysis of Excitation and Ionization of Atoms and Molecules by Electron Impact, by Afzal Chaudhry and Hans Kleinpoppen, describes in detail the measurements of the partial and total doubly differential cross sections for themultiple-ionization of ra re gas atoms by electron impact. These measurements show, among other trends, the role of Auger transitions in the production of multiply ionized atoms in the region where the incident electron energy issufficient to produce inner shell ionization. Other processes like Coster-Kronig transitions and shake off also contribute towards increasing the charge of the ions. As discussed in the book, an incident electron having energy of 6keV, for example, in a collision with xenon atom can remove up to nine elect rons! The measurements of doubly differential cross sections for the dissociative and non-dissociative ionization of hydrogen, sulfur dioxide and sulfur hexafluoride molecular gases are also explored. The results of the measurements for the sulfur dioxide molecule provide strategies for ways in which this major atmospheric pollutant can be removed from the atmosphere by electron impactdissociation. The book also delves into the present measurements of the polarization parameters of the fluorescence radiat ion emitted by the excited atoms of sodium and potassium. It thoroughly investigates the excitation of heliumatoms and the helium-like alkaline earth metal atoms of calcium and strontium as well. This book invites the reader to learn more about the excita tion and ionization of atoms and molecules by leading to the discovery of new processesand the excitement of surprising results. Hans Kleinpoppen is Editor of Polarized Electron/Polarized Photon Physics (Springer, 1995) and Selected Topics on Electron Phy sics (Springer, 1996)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Theoretical Approaches
Apparatus for the electron
atom collision studies
Experimental Techniques
Results and Discussion
Conclusion
ISBN:9781441969477
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v60
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857297211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Geoscience [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrew Fowler
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Mathematical Geoscience is an expository textbook which aims to provide a comprehensive overview of a number of different subjects within the Earth and environmental sciences. Uniquely, it treats its subjects from the perspectiveof mathematical model ling with a level of sophistication that is appropriate to their proper investigation. The material ranges from the introductory level, where it can be used in undergraduate or graduate courses, to researchquestions of current interest. The chapters end w ith notes and references, which provide an entry point into the literature, as well as allowing discursive pointers to further research avenues. The introductory chapter provides acondensed synopsis of applied mathematical techniques of analysis, as used in modern applied mathematical modelling. There follows a succession of chapters on climate, ocean and atmosphere dynamics, rivers, dunes, landscape formation,groundwater flow, mantle convection, magma transport, glaciers and ice sheets, and sub-glacial f loods. This book introduces a whole range of important geoscientific topics in one single volume and serves as an entry point for a rapidlyexpanding area of genuine interdisciplinary research. By addressing the interplay between mathematics and the real w orld, this book will appeal to graduate students, lecturers and researchers in the fields of applied mathematics, theenvironmental sciences and engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Mathematical Modelling
Climate Dynamics
Oceans and Atmospheres
River Flow
Dunes
Landscape Evolution
Groundwater Flow
Mantle Convection
Magma Transport
Glaciers and Ice Sheets
Jkulhlaups
Appendices
ISBN:9780857297211
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics, 0939-6047 : v36
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical geography , Physical geography , Environmental sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048137374:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar Neutrons and Related Phenomena [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev Dorman
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book presents the first comprehensive compilation and review of the extensive body of experimental and theoretical material on solar neutrons and related phenomena published in the scientific literature over the last sixtyyears. Phenomena relate d to solar neutrons are more specifically: the decay products of solar neutrons solar gamma rays generated in processes like nuclear reactions between solar energetic charged particles and matter of the solaratmosphere, as well as by the capture of solar neutrons by hydrogen atoms in the solar atmosphere the propagation of solar neutrons, solar gamma rays and other secondary particles through the solar photosphere, chromosphere and corona,as well as through interplanetary space and through the Earth's atm osphere. Models and simulations of particle acceleration, interactions, and propagation processes show that observations of solar neutrons and gamma rays in space andin the Earth's atmosphere yield essential and unique information on the source function o f energetic solar particles, as well as on the chemical composition and density distribution of plasma in the solar atmosphere. The resultsdescribed in the book may also be useful for astrophysical studies of other stars and different astrophysical object s, as well as for space weather problems. The book will serve as a reference work for researchers and students in solarphysics, plasma, neutron, and gamma ray physics, as well as in cosmic ray physics, space science, geophysics and those researching space weather problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Frequently used Abbreviations and Notations
Chapter 1. Charged, Accelerated Particle Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere, and the Generation of Secondary Energetic Particles and Radiations: Pioneer Results
Chapter 2. The Events of August 1972 and the Discovery of Solar Gamma
Radiation
Chapter 3. The Events of the June 1980 and June 1982, and the Discovery of Solar Neutrons
Chapter 4. Space Probe Observations of Solar Neutron Events
Chapter 5. Solar Neutron Propagation in the Earth's Atmosphere, and the Sensitivity of Neutron Monitors and other Gro
ISBN:9789048137374
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v365
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048134991:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Cluster Active Archive [electronic resource] Studying the Earth's Space Plasma Environment
Author(s): Harri Laakso
Matthew Taylor
C. Philippe Escoubet
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since the year 2000 the ESA Cluster mission has been investigating the small-scale structures and processes of the Earth's plasma environment, such as those involved in the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetosphericplasma, in global ma gnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics of the neutral line and of plasmoids. This book contains presentations made at the 15th Cluster workshop held in March 2008. It alsopresents several articles about the Cluster A ctive Archive and its datasets, a few overview papers on the Cluster mission, and articles reporting on scientific findings on the solar wind, the magnetosheath, the magnetopause and themagnetotail
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Products and Services of the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Active Archive: Overview
ASPOC Data Products in the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Ion Spectrometry (CIS) Data in the Cluster Active Archive (CAA)
Digital Wave Processor Products in the Cluster Active Archive
EDI Data Products in the Cluster Active Archive
The EFW Data in the CAA
FGM Data Products in the CAA
PEACE Data in the Cluster Active Archive
RAPID Products at the Cluster Active Archive
STAFF Instrument Products Distributed Through the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Wideband Data Products in the
ISBN:9789048134991
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048134083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metastable Systems under Pressure [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sylwester Rzoska
Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska
Victor Mazur
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The fundamental insight and the technological & environmental relevance of metastable systems have given a strong impetus from the last decade development of extreme pressures experimental techniques, from the GPa region to thechallenging negative pr essures domain. The ultimate verification of theoretical models and reliable equations for portraying basic properties for such systems seems to be possible only when including temperature and pressure paths.This volume presents a set of papers related to novel findings on the glass transition phenomenon, phase transitions in liquid crystals, critical mixtures, bioliquids, geophysical system which can reveal surprising secret featuresonly when using extreme pressures. This can be illustrated by the link b etween colloidal and molecular glassformers, the universal onset of the non-trivial dynamics in glasses, demistification of the secondary relaxation or novelfindings associated with liquid - liquid near critical transitions in critical mixture, liquid cry stals and in one component liquid, including water Particularly noteworthy is the emerging possibility of applications in geophysical andenvironment- relevant system as well as in technological application from material engineering, pharmacy industry, to biotechnology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fromt he contents Preface: Metastable Systems Under Pressure
The Platform For Novel Fundamental, Technological And Environmental Applications In The 2l Century
I: Supercooled, Glassy System
II: Liquid Crystals
III: Near
critical Mixtures
IV: Water and Liquid
Liquid Transitions
V: Other Metastable Systems
ISBN:9789048134083
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology, 1874-6489
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Planetology , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048123223:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV VII Geostatistics for Environmental Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): P. M Atkinson
C. D Lloyd
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume brings together selected contributions from geoENV 2008, the 7th International Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, held in Southampton, UK, in September 2008. This book presents thestate-of-the-art in geostatistics for the environmental sciences. It includes a wide range of methodological advances and applications. It offers insight and guidance for researchers, professionals, graduate students and others seekinginformation on the latest perspectives in the field. The rich body of applications will enable those new to geostatistics to assess the utility of the methods for their own applications. The book includes 35 chapters on topics asdiverse as methodological developments, applications in the soil sciences, clim atology, pollution, health, wildlife mapping, fisheries and remote sensing, amongst other areas. With its focus on environmental applications ofgeostatistics, rather than the more traditional geostatistical remit of mining and petroleum exploration, this book is part of a series that presents an invaluable resource. This book will be a first port of call for those who wish toapply geostatistical methods in the environmental sciences. Audience: Researchers, scientists, professionals, institutes, libraries, graduate students of geosciences, geostatistics, spatial statistics, environmental science andengineering, ecology, oceanography, climatology, hydrology, soil and forestry science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Geostatistical modelling of wildlife populations: a non
stationary hierarchical model for count data
Incorporating survey data to improve space
time geostatistical analysis of King Prawn catch rate
Multivariate interpolation of monthly precipitation amount in the United Kingdom
Extreme precipitation modelling using geostatistics and machine learning algorithms
On geostatistical analysis of rainfall using data from boundary sites
Geostatistics Applied to the City of Porto Urban Climatology
Integrating Meteorological Dynamic Data and Historical Data into a Stochastic
ISBN:9789048123223
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v16
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Environmental sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642132599:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astromineralogy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Thomas Henning
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Astromineralogy deals with the science of gathering mineralogical information from the astronomical spectroscopy of asteroids, comets and dust in the circumstellar environments in general. This field has received a tremendousboost with the reliable i dentification of minerals by the Infrared Space Observatory. The first edition of this book, published in 2003, was the first comprehensive and coherent account of this exciting field. Data obtained in themeantime with the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope , the stardust mission to the comet 81P / Wild 2, and with the Cassini mission, together with progress in ground-based observations and laboratory astrophysics form the basis for thisupdated and widely extended second edition.Beyond addressing the special ist in the field, the book is intended as a high-level but readable introduction to astromineralogy for both the nonspecialist researcher and the advancedstudent
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Dust Astrophysics Towards Dust Mineralogy A Historical Review
Formation and Evolution of Minerals in Accretion Disks and Stellar Outflows
The Mineralogy of Interstellar and Circumstellar Dust in Galaxies
The Mineralogy of Cometary Dust
The In
Situ Study of Solid Particles in the Solar System
The Astromineralogy of Interplanetary Dust Particles
The Most Primitive Material in Meteorites
Laboratory Astrophysics of Cosmic Dust Analogues
ISBN:9783642132599
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v815
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Mineralogy , Astrophysics
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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