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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD GEOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/8889.3 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword geology ( in books using www Cover Image
Call number:TD898.K73::1988 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radioactive waste disposal and geology
Author(s): Konrad Bates Krauskopf 1910-
Date:1988
Publisher:Chapman and Hall, London
Size:145
ISBN:0412286300
Series:Topics in the earth sciences : v. 1
Keywords: Radioactive waste disposal.
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Call number:TA820.T4R43::1991 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recommendations following the meeting of November 18-19, 1991, held at the SSC Laboratory, Dallas, Texas
Author(s):
Date:1991
Publisher:Dallas, Tex. : SSCL
Size:29 p.
Keywords: Superconducting Super Collider Design and construction , Tunneling Texas , Engineering geology Texas , Geology Texas
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Report-number:SSC-SR-1044-1991-NOV

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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319305790:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Caloris Network A Scientific Novel
Author(s): Nick Kanas
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (124 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30579-0
Contents:Preface -- The Novel -- Scientific appendix
ISBN:9783319305790
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Planetology , Astrobiology , Astronomy , Earth , Geology , Physics , Astrobiology , Popular Science in Astronomy , Planetology , Popular Earth Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319211152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Man From Planet Earth A Scientific Novel
Author(s): Giancarlo Genta
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21115-2
Contents:Preface -- part i: novel -- part ii: scientific -- Appendix
ISBN:9783319211152
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Popular works , Astrobiology , Astronomy , Earth , Geology , Physics , Popular Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Astrobiology , Popular Life Sciences , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Earth Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068749:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geomathematics: Theoretical Foundations, Applications and Future Developments [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frits Agterberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides a wealth of geomathematical case history studies performed by the author during his career at the Ministry of Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada (NRCan-GSC). Several of the techniques newlydeveloped by the author and colleagues that are described in this book have become widely adopted, not only for further research by geomathematical colleagues, but by government organizations and industry worldwide. These includeWeights-of-Evidence modelling, mineral resource e stimation technology, trend surface analysis, automatic stratigraphic correlation and nonlinear geochemical exploration methods. The author has developed maximum likelihood methodologyand spline-fitting techniques for the construction of the international numerical geologic timescale. He has introduced the application of new theory of fractals and multifractals in the geostatistical evaluation of regional mineralresources and ore reserves and to study the spatial distribution of metals in rocks. The book also contains sections deemed important by the author but that have not been widely adopted because they require further research. Theseinclude the geometry of preferred orientations of contours and edge effects on maps, time series analysis of Quaternary retreating ice sheet related sedimentary data, estimation of first and last appearances of fossil taxa fromfrequency distributions of their observed first and last occurrences, tectonic reactivation along pre-existing schistosity planes in fold belts, us e of the grouped jackknife method for bias reduction in geometrical extrapolations, andnew applications of the theory of permanent, volume-independent frequency distributions
Contents:Foreword
Preface
1. Complexity of the Geological Framework and Use of Mathematics
2. Probability and Statistics
3.Maximum Likelihood, Lognormality and Compound Distributions
4.Correlation, Method of Least Squares, Linear Regression and the General Linear Model
5.Prediction of Occurrence of Discrete Events
6. Autocorrelation and Geostatistics
7.2D and 3D Trend Analysis
8.Statistical Analysis of Directional Features
9. Automated Stratigraphic Correlation, Splining and Geological Timescales
10. Fractals
11. Multifractals and Singularity Analysis
12
ISBN:9783319068749
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v18
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Geochemistry , GeologyxMathematics , Geology, Structural , Mines and mineral resources , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319044866:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Risk - A Multidisciplinary Introduction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Claudia Klppelberg
Daniel Straub
Isabell M Welpe
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is a unique book addressing the integration of risk methodology from various fields. It stimulates intellectual debate and communication across disciplines, promotes better risk management practices and contributes to thedevelopment of risk mana gement methodologies. Book chapters explain fundamental risk models and measurement, and address risk and security issues from diverse areas such as finance and insurance, health sciences, life sciences,engineering and information science. Integrated Risk Sciences is an emerging field, that considers risks in different fields aiming at a common language, and at sharing and improving methods developed in different fields. Readersshould have a Bachelor degree and at least one basic university course in stat istics and probability. The main goal of the book is to provide basic knowledge on risk and security in a common language the authors have taken particularcare to ensure that each chapter can be understood by doctoral students and researchers across disci plines. Each chapter provides simple case studies and examples, open research questions and discussion points, and a selectedbibliography inviting the reader to further studies
Contents:Introduction
Part One. Risk in History and Science: Zachmann, K.: Risk in historical perspective: concepts, contexts, and conjunctions
Ltge, C., Schnebel, E., Westphal, N.: Risk management and business ethics: integrating the human factor
Straub, D., Welpe, I.: Decision
making under risk: a normative and behavioral perspective
Mainzer, K.: The new role of mathematical modelling and its importance for society
Part Two. Quantitative Risk Methodology: Biagini, F. , Meyer
Brandis, T. and Svindland, G. :The mathematical concept of risk
Fasen, V., Klppelberg, C., Menzel, A.: Qu
ISBN:9783319044866
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geology , Computer science , Distribution (Probability theory) , Statistics , System safety , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319028392:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Numerical Simulation in Physics and Engineering [electronic resource] : Lecture Notes of the XV 'Jacques-Louis Lions' Spanish-French School
Author(s): Carlos Pars
Carlos Vzquez
Frdric Coquel
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book, based on the lecture notes from the XVth Spanish-French School on Numerical Simulation in Physics and Engineering, covers a range of advances in numerical simulation in physics and engineering. The main subjectsaddressed are: biomechanics, stochastic calculus, geophysical flow simulation, and shock-capturing numerical methods for hyperbolic systems of partial differential equations. The book is mainly aimed at young graduate students inmathematics, engineering, and natural sciences who are starting to confront numerical simulation, either at a research level or in the field of industrial applications. It will also be helpful for researchers or even technicians whoare working in an industrial environment and are interested in the state-of-t he-art numerical techniques in these fields. Finally, the book will be useful as a textbook for master's or PhD level courses in mathematics, physics, orengineering
Contents:1 Begona Calvo and Estefania Pena: Fundamental aspects in modeling the constitutive behaviour of the fibered soft tissues
2 Enrique D. Fernandez Nieto: Some remarks on avalanche modeling. An introduction to shallow flow models
3 Emmanuel Gobet: Introduction to stochastic calculus and to the resolution of PDEs using Monte Carlo simulations
4 Philippe G. LeFloch: Structure
preserving shock
capturing methods and applications
5 Carlos Castro: Numerical approximation of optimal design problems in aerodynamics. From the mathematical analysis to industrial codes
6Emanuele Schiavi: Me
ISBN:9783319028392
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SEMA SIMAI Springer Series, 2199-3041 : v3
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geology , Computer vision , Differential equations, partial , Computer science Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461495000:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 10 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Sabath
Eric L Mokole
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents contributions of deep technical content and high scientific quality in the areas of electromagnetic theory, scattering, UWB antennas, UWB systems, ground penetrating radar (GPR), UWB communications, pulsed-powergeneration, time-dom ain computational electromagnetics, UWB compatibility, target detection and discrimination, propagation through dispersive media, and wavelet and multi-resolution techniques. Ultra-wideband (UWB), short-pulse (SP)electromagnetics are now being used for an increasingly wide variety of applications, including collision avoidance radar, concealed object detection, and communications. Notable progress in UWB and SP technologies has been achieved byinvestigations of their theoretical bases and improvements in solid-state manufacturing, computers, and digitizers. UWB radar systems are also being used for mine clearing, oil pipeline inspections, archeology, geology, and electroniceffects testing. Like previous books in this series, Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Ele ctromagnetics 10 serves as an essential reference for scientists and engineers working in these applications areas. Presents the state-of-the-art ofultra-wideband electromagnetics, signals, and systems Covers theory, technology, and cutting-edge applicati ons Features selected, peer-reviewed contributions from the UWB-SP11 Conference in Toulouse, France
Contents:Preface
Carl Baum, a great man and eminent scientist
Several Years of Interaction with Carl E. Baum
Part I: Theory and Modeling
Quantifying uncertainties strength from electromagnetic stochastic simulations
Transmission
Line Super Theory as Antenna Theory for Linear Structures
Electromagnetic Coupling to Transmission Lines with Symmetric Geometry inside Rectangular Resonators
Analysis of Open TEM
Waveguide Structures
Antenna radiation in the presence of an infinite interface
A Standard for Characterizing Antenna Performance in the Time Domain
Time
Domain Distortio
ISBN:9781461495000
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Electronics , Systems engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461481638:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Permutation Tests in Shape Analysis [electronic resource]
Author(s): LUIGI SALMASO
Chiara Brombin
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Statistical shape analysis is a geometrical analysis from a set of shapes in which statistics are measured to describe geometrical properties from similar shapes or different groups, for instance, the difference between male andfemale Gorilla skull s hapes, normal and pathological bone shapes, etc. Some of the important aspects of shape analysis are to obtain a measure of distance between shapes, to estimate average shapes from a (possibly random) sample andto estimate shape variability in a sample[1] . One of the main methods used is principal component analysis. Specific applications of shape analysis may befound in archaeology, architecture, biology, geography, geology, agriculture,genetics, medical imaging, security applications such as face recogn ition, entertainment industry (movies, games), computer-aided design and manufacturing. This is a proposal for a new Brief on statistical shape analysis and thevarious new parametric and non-parametric methods utilized to facilitate shape analysis.
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781461481638
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X : v15
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461481331:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Under a Crimson Sun [electronic resource] : Prospects for Life in a Red Dwarf System
Author(s): David S Stevenson
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Gliese 581 is a red dwarf star some 20.3 light years from Earth. Red dwarfs are among the most numerous stars in the galaxy, and they sport diverse planetary systems. At magnitude 10, Gliese 581 is visible to amateur observersbut does not stand out. So what makes this star so important? It is that professional observers have confirmed that it has at least four planets orbiting it, and in 2009, Planet d was described in the letters of The AstrophysicalJournal as the first confirmed exoplanet that coul d support Earth-like life. Under a Crimson Sun looks at the nature of red dwarf systems such as Gliese as potential homes for life. Realistically, what are prospects forlife on these distant worlds? Could life evolve and survive there? How do these plan etary surfaces and geology evolve? How would life on a red dwarf planet differ from life on Earth? And what are the implications for finding furtherhabitable worlds in our galaxy? Stevenson provides readers with insight into the habitability of planets a nd how this changes as time progresses and the central star evolves. Explore with him in this engaging, fascinating book thepossibilities for finding life, from bacteria to more complex and even intelligent organisms, on red dwarf system planets
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Evolution of Red Dwarfs
Gliese 581, a Planetary System 20 Light
years from Earth
'Super
Earths'
The Development of Life
Prospects for Sustained Evolution
Surface Conditions on Super Earths
Gliese 581
the Next 400 Billion Years
Comparison with the Evolution of Earth
Red Dwarfs
the Final Bastions of Life?
ISBN:9781461481331
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astronomy , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461457404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:OpenStat Reference Manual [electronic resource]
Author(s): William Miller
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This reference manual for the OpenStat software, an open-source software developed by William Miller, coversa broad spectrum ofstatisticalmethods and techniques.A unique feature is its compatibility with many otherstatistical programs. OpenStat users are researchers and students in thesocial sciences,education, orpsychology, who benefit from the hands on approach to Statistics.During and upon completion of courses in Statistics ormeasurement, students and future researchers need a low cost computer p rogram available to them, and OpenStat fills this void. The software is used in Statistics courses around the world with over 50,000 downloads per year. The manualcovers all functions of the OpenStat software, including measurement, ANOVAS, regression ana lyses, simulations, product-moment and partial correlations, and logistic regression. The manual is an important learning tool that explainsthe Statistics behind the many analyses possible with the program and demonstrates these analyses. William Miller h as a diverse background in Industrial Technology, Psychology, Statistics and Measurement. He has taught courses inElectronics, computer programming, educational psychology, measurement and statistics and published many articles in these subject areas He h as taught statistics for over 30 years and developed a number of statistical packages forfree use by educators and researchers in a variety of fields including education, psychology, medicine, economics and geology. He received his PhD. from the Universit y of Iowa in Educational Psychology, Statistics and Measurement.His academic experiences include director of two university computing centers, director of a counseling center and assistant to a university president for information services in addition to his teaching
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:OPENSTAT REFERENCE MANUAL
PREFACE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
INSTALLING OPENSTAT
STARTING OPENSTAT
FILES
CREATING A FILE
ENTERING DATA
SAVING A FILE
DISTRIBUTIONS
DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSES
VERSUS Y PLOTS
VERSUS MULTIPLE Y PLOT
CORRELATION
COMPARISONS
MULTIVARIATE
NON
PARAMETRIC
MEASUREMENT
STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
THE ITEM BANKING PROGRAM
NEURAL NETWORKS
USING THE PROGRAM
EXAMPLES
INDEX
ISBN:9781461457404
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461453543:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Stones and the Stars [electronic resource] Building Scotland's Newest Megalith
Author(s): Duncan Lunan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:There are at least 48 identified prehistoric stone circles in Scotland. In truth, very little is known about the people who erected them, and ultimately about what the stone circles were for. Most stone circles areastronomically aligned, which has le d to the modern debate over the significance of the alignments. The megaliths certainly represented an enormous cooperative effort, would at the very least have demonstrated power and wealth, andbeing set away from any dwellings probably served a ceremoni al, or perhaps religious, purpose. Observations at the site of the stone circles, of solar, lunar, and stellar events, have already cast light on some of the questions aboutthe construction and use of ancient megalithic observatories. In his capacity as m anager of the Glasgow Parks Department Astronomy Project, author Duncan Lunan designed and built in the late 1970s Sighthill, the first astronomicallyaligned stone circle in Britain in over 3,000 years. The Stones and the Stars examines the case for astro nomical alignments of stone circles and charts the development of a fascinating project with a strong scientific and historicalflavor. The work was documented in detail by artist and photographer Gavin Roberts, and the book contains a large selection of i llustrations that bring the project vividly to life
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Background to the Controversy
Chapter 1: Archaeologists vs. Astronomers
Chapter 2: Now You See It, Now You Don't
Chapter 3: Ancient Astronomy Around the World
Chapter 4: Archaeoastronomy in the British Isles
Part II: A Stone Circle for Glasgow
Chapter 5: Layout and Location
Chapter 6: Selecting the Stones
Chapter 7: Operation Megalithic Lift
Chapter 8: Events on Site
Chapter 9: Archaeoastronomy from the Air
Chapter 10: The Circle, Present, and Future
Glossary
Index
ISBN:9781461453543
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geology , Astronomy , Humanities , Archaeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461450498:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Constructal Law and the Unifying Principle of Design [electronic resource]
Author(s): Luiz A.O Rocha
Sylvie Lorente
Adrian Bejan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Design happens everywhere, whether in animate objects (e.g., dendritic lung structures, bacterial colonies, and corals), inanimate patterns (river basins, beach slope, and dendritic crystals), social dynamics (pedestrian trafficflows), or engineered systems (heat dissipation in electronic circuitry). This design in nature often takes on remarkably similar patterns, which can be explained under one unifying Constructal Law. This book explores theunifying power of the Constructal Law and its applicatio ns in all domains of design generation and evolution, ranging from biology and geophysics to globalization, energy, sustainability, and security. The Constructal Law accountsfor the universal tendency of flow systems to morph into evolving configurations that provide greater and easier access over time. The Constructal Law resolves the many and contradictory ad hoc statements of optimality, enddesign, and destiny in nature, such as minimum and maximum entropy production and minimum and maximum flow resist ance, and also explains the designs that are observed and copied in biomimetics. Constructal Law and the UnifyingPrinciple of Design covers the fundamentals of Constructal Theory and Design, as well as presenting a variety of state-of-the-art applications . Experts from the biological, physical and social sciences demonstrate the unification ofall design phenomena in nature, and apply this knowledge to novel designs in modern engineering, such as vascularization for self-healing and self-cooling materials for aircraft, and tree fins and cavities for heat transferenhancement. Captures a world-wide movement toward design as science Defines the place of the Constructal Law in physics and thermodynamics Features an interdisciplinaryapproach that spans phys ics, biology, engineering and the social sciences Demonstrates that a single law of physics governs all the pheno
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface: Constructal law, design in nature, and complexity
1. The Constructal Design of Humanity on the Globe
2. Towards a Quantitative Unifying Theory of Natural Design of Flow Systems: Emergence and Evolution
3. Leaf Shapes and Venation Patterns
4. Drainage Basins Evolution with Non
Erodible Regions
5. Software Evolution and the Constructal Law
6. Constructal Design of High Conductivity Inserts
7. Constructal Design of T
shaped Water Distribution Networks
8. The Constructal Theory of Electrokinetic Transport through a Porous System
9. Constructal Theory Applied to
ISBN:9781461450498
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Geology , Biological models , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering , Engineering design
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642223686:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Differential Equations and Processes [electronic resource] : SAAP, Tunisia, October 7-9, 2010
Author(s): Mounir Zili
Darya V Filatova
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Selected papers submitted by participants of the international Conference Stochastic Analysis and Applied Probability 2010 ( www.saap2010.org ) make up the basis of this volume. The SAAP 2010 was held in Tunisia, from 7-9October, 2010, and was organi zed by the Applied Mathematics & Mathematical Physics research unit of the preparatory institute to the military academies of Sousse (Tunisia), chaired by Mounir Zili. The papers cover theoretical,numerical and applied aspects of stochastic processes and stochastic differential equations. The study of such topic is motivated in part by the need to model, understand, forecast and control the behavior of many natural phenomenathat evolve in time in a random way. Such phenomena appear in the fields of financ e, telecommunications, economics, biology, geology, demography, physics, chemistry, signal processing and modern control theory, to mention just a few.As this book emphasizes the importance of numerical and theoretical studies of the stochastic differenti al equations and stochastic processes, it will be useful for a wide spectrum of researchers in applied probability, stochasticnumerical and theoretical analysis and statistics, as well as for graduate students. To make it more complete and accessible for graduate students, practitioners and researchers, the editors Mounir Zili and Daria Filatova have includeda survey dedicated to the basic concepts of numerical analysis of the stochastic differential equations, written by Henri Schurz
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1.H. Schurz: Basic Concepts of Numerical Analysis of Stochastic Differential Equations Explained by Balanced Implicit Theta Methods
2.C.A. Tudor: Kernel Density Estimation, Local Time and Chaos Expansion
3.W. Jedidi, J. Almhana, V. Choulakian, R. McGorman: General Shot Noise Processes and Functional Convergence to Stable Processes
4.C. El
Nouty: The Lower Classes of the Sub
Fractional Brownian Motion
5.M. Erraoui and Y. Ouknine: On the Bounded Variation of the Flow of Stochastic Differential Equation
6.A. Ayache, Q. Peng: Stochastic Volatility and Multifractional Bro
ISBN:9783642223686
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics, 2190-5614 : v7
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Systems theory , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441997777:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Shallow Water Acoustics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Boris Katsnelson
Valery Petnikov
James Lynch
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Shallow water acoustics (SWA), the study of how low and medium frequency sound propagates and scatters on the continental shelves of the world's oceans, has both technical interest and a large number of practical applications.Technically, shallow wat er poses an interesting medium for the study of acoustic scattering, inverse theory, and propagation physics in a complicated oceanic waveguide. Practically, shallow water acoustics has interest for geophysicalexploration, marine mammal studies, and naval applications. Additionally, one notes the very interdisciplinary nature of shallow water acoustics, including acoustical physics, physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology.In this specialized volume, the authors, all of whom have extensiv e at-sea experience in U.S. and Russian research efforts, have tried to summarize the main experimental, theoretical, and computational results in shallow wateracoustics, with an emphasis on providing physical insight into the topics presented
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. What is Shallow Water Acoustics?
2. Coastal Oceanography, Geology, and Biology
3. Foundations of the Theory of the Propagation of Sound
4. Examples Illustrating the Characteristics of Waveguide Propagation
5. Sound Field in Shallow Water with Random Inhomogeneities
6. Low Frequency Bottom Reverberation in Shallow Water
7. The Inverse Problem
8. Signal Processing
9. Noise Field in Shallow Water
10. Equipment for Shallow Water Acoustics and Experimental Considerations
11. The Future
Appendix A. Waves and Signals
Appendix B. Modal Decomposition o
ISBN:9781441997777
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Underwater Acoustics Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Oceanography , Acoustics , Marine Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817648015:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis [electronic resource] : With Applications to Genetics, Medicine, and Finance
Author(s): Jie Chen
Arjun K Gupta
Date:2012
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Overall, the book gives a clear and systematic presentation of models and methods. It will be an excellent source for theoretical and applied statisticians who are interested in research on change-point analysis and itsapplications to many areas. Mat hematical Reviews (Review of the First Edition) Revised and expanded, Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis, Second Edition is an in-depth study of the change point problem from a generalpoint of view, and a deeper look at change point analysis of the most commonly used statistical models. For some time, change point problems have appeared throughout the sciences in such disciplines as economics, medicine, psychology,signal processing, and geology more recently, they havealso been found extensively in applications related to biomedical imaging data, array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data, and gene expression data. These areas ofinterestnew and oldhave motivated substantial research on change point problems and led to a significant body of literature in the field. The present monograph stands as a valuable contribution to this literature. Key featuresand topics: * Clear and systematic exposition with a great deal of introductory material included * Different models in each chapter, incl uding gamma and exponential models, rarely examined thus far in the literature *Extensive examples to emphasize key concepts and different methodologies used, namely the likelihood ratio criterion as well as the Bayesian and information criterion approach es * An up-to-date comprehensive bibliography and twoindices. New to the Second Edition: * New examples of change point analysis in modern molecular biology and other fields such as finance and air traffic control * Two new sections of applications of the underlying change pointmodels in analyzing the array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data for DNA copy number changes * A new chapter on change points in the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Preliminaries
Introduction
Univariate Normal Model
Multivariate Normal Model
Regression Model
Gamma Model
Exponential Model
Change Point Model for the Hazard Function
Discrete Models
Other Models
Bibliography
Author Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9780817648015
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642148057:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Moon in Close-up [electronic resource] A Next Generation Astronomer's Guide
Author(s): John Wilkinson
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Information collected by recent space probes sent to explore the Moon by the USA, the European Space Agency, Japan, China and India has changed our knowledge and understanding of the Moon, particularly its geology, since theApollo missions. This book presents those findings in a way that will be welcomed by amateur astronomers, students, educators and anyone interested in the Moon. Enhanced by many colour photos, it combines newly acquired scientificunderstanding with detailed descriptions and labell ed photographic maps of the lunar surface. Guided by observation methods explained in the book and 17 Study Areas presented and carefully explained in the last chapter, amateurastronomers can observe these features from Earth using telescopes and binocula rs. Readers who consult the photographic maps will gain a better understanding about the Moons topography and geology. The book is rounded out by ahelpful glossary
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introducing the Moon
Probing the Moon
Geological history of the Moon
Occultations and eclipses
Observing the Moon
Studying the Moon: Study Area 1 Mare Crisium
Study Area 2 South east limb
Study Area 3 North east limb
Study Area 4 Mare Tranquillitatis
Study Area 5 Mare Serenitatis
Study Area 6 Mare Nectaris west
Study Area 7 Mare Vaporum
Study Area 8 Central Highlands
Study Area 9 Mare Nubium
Study Area 10 Northern Plains
Study Area 11 Southern Highlands
Study Area 12 Mare Cognitum
Study Area 13
ISBN:9783642148057
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series, 1431-9756
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642137426:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization and Regularization for Computational Inverse Problems and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yanfei Wang
Changchun Yang
Anatoly G Yagola
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Optimization and Regularization for Computational Inverse Problems and Applications focuses on advances in inversion theory and recent developments with practical applications, particularly emphasizing the combination ofoptimization and regularizatio n for solving inverse problems. This book covers both the methods, including standard regularization theory, Fejer processes for linear and nonlinear problems, the balancing principle, extrapolatedregularization, nonstandard regularization, nonlinear grad ient method, the nonmonotone gradient method, subspace method and Lie group method and the practical applications, such as the reconstruction problem for inverse scattering,molecular spectra data processing, quantitative remote sensing inversion, seismic inversion using the Lie group method, and the gravitational lensing problem. Scientists, researchers and engineers, as well as graduate students engagedin applied mathematics, engineering, geophysics, medical science, image processing, remote sensing and atmospheric science will benefit from this book. Dr. Yanfei Wang is a Professor at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, ChineseAcademy of Sciences, China. Dr. Sc. Anatoly G. Yagola is a Professor and Assistant Dean of the Physical Faculty, Lomonosov M oscow State University, Russia. Dr. Changchun Yang is a Professor and Vice Director of the Institute of Geologyand Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Regularization Theory and Recent Developments
Nonstandard Regularization and Advanced Optimization Theory and Methods
Numerical Inversion in Geoscience and Quantitative Remote Sensing
ISBN:9783642137426
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Remote sensing , Computer science Mathematics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781461407034:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances on Fractional Inequalities [electronic resource]
Author(s): George A Anastassiou
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advances on Fractional Inequalities use primarily the Caputo fractional derivative, as the most important in applications, and presents the first fractional differentiation inequalities of Opial type which involves thebalanced fractional derivatives. The book continues with right and mixed fractional differentiation Ostrowski inequalities in the univariate and multivariate cases. Next the right and left, as well as mixed, Landau fractionaldifferentiation inequalities in the univariate and multivariat e cases are illustrated. Throughout the book many applications are given. Fractional differentiation inequalities are by themselves an important and great mathematical topicfor research. Furthermore they have many applications, the most important ones are in establishing uniqueness of solution in fractional differential equations and systems and in fractional partial differential equations. Also theyprovide upper bounds to the solutions of the above equations. Fractional Calculus has emerged as very usefu l over the last forty years due to its many applications in almost all applied sciences. This is currently seen in applicationsin acoustic wave propagation in inhomogeneous porous material, diffusive transport, fluid flow, dynamical processes in self-simi lar structures, dynamics of earthquakes, optics, geology, viscoelastic materials, bio-sciences,bioengineering, medicine, economics, probability and statistics, astrophysics, chemical engineering, physics, splines, tomography, fluid mechanics, electromagne tic waves, nonlinear control, signal processing, control of powerelectronic, converters, chaotic dynamics, polymer science, proteins, polymer physics, electrochemistry, statistical physics, rheology, thermodynamics, neural networks, etc. Almost all fields of research in science and engineering usefractional calculus in order to describe results. This book is a part of Fractional Calculus, therefore it is useful for researchers and graduate student
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781461407034
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441986788:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Ocean Acoustics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Finn B Jensen
William A Kuperman
Michael B Porter
Henrik Schmidt
Date:2011
Edition:2
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since the mid-1970s, the computer has played an increasingly pivotal role in the field of ocean acoustics. Faster and less expensive than actual ocean experiments, and capable of accommodating the full complexity of the acousticproblem, numerical mod els are now standard research tools in ocean laboratories. The progress made in computational ocean acoustics over the last thirty years is summed up in this authoritative and innovatively illustrated new text.Written by some of the field's pioneers, all Fellows of the Acoustical Society of America, Computational Ocean Acoustics presents the latest numerical techniques for solving the wave equation in heterogeneous fluidsolid media. Theauthors discuss various computational schemes in detail, emphasizing t he importance of theoretical foundations that lead directly to numericalimplementations for real ocean environments. To further clarify the presentation, thefundamental propagation features of the techniques are illustrated in color. Computational Ocean A cousticsconveys the state-of-the-art of numerical modeling techniques for graduate and undergraduate students of acoustics, geology andgeophysics, applied mathematics, and ocean engineering. It is also an essential addition to the libraries of ocean resea rch institutions that use propagation models
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Series Preface
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Fundamentals of Ocean Acoustics
Wave Propagation Theory
Ray Methods
Wavenumber Integration Techniques
Normal Modes
Parabolic Equations
Finite Differences and Finite Elements
Broadband Modeling
Ambient Noise
Signals in Noise
Name Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9781441986788
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Modern Acoustics and Signal Processing
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Oceanography , Computer simulation , Acoustics , Acoustics in engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441979766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical Ecology with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel Borcard
Francois Gillet
Pierre Legendre
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Numerical Ecology with R provides a long-awaited bridge between a textbook in Numerical Ecology and the implementation of this discipline in the R language. After short theoretical overviews, the authors accompany the usersthrough the exploration of the methods by means of applied and extensively commented examples. Users are invited to use this book as a teaching companion at the computer. The travel starts with exploratory approaches, proceeds with theconstruction of associationmatrices, then addre sses three families of methods: clustering, unconstrained and canonical ordination,and spatial analysis. All the necessary data files, the scripts used in the chapters, as well as theextra R functions and packages written by the authors, can be downloaded from a web page accessible through the Springer web site(http://adn.biol.umontreal.ca/~numericalecology/numecolR/). This book is aimed at professionalresearchers, practitioners, graduate students and teachers in ecology, environmental science and enginee ring, and in related fields such as oceanography, molecular ecology, agriculture and soil science, who already have a background ingeneral and multivariate statistics and wish to apply this knowledge to their data using the R language, as well as people w illing to accompany their disciplinary learning with practical applications. People from other fields (e.g.geology, geography, paleoecology, phylogenetics, anthropology, the social and education sciences, etc.) may also benefit from the materials presente d in this book. The three authors teach numerical ecology, both theoretical andpractical, to a wide array of audiences, in regular courses in their Universities and in short courses given around the world. Daniel Borcard is lecturer of Biostatistics and E cology and researcher in Numerical Ecology at Universitde Montral, Qubec, Canada. Franois Gillet is professor of Community Ecology and Ecological Modelling at Universit de Franche-Comt,
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Exploratory data analysis
Association measures and matrices
Cluster analysis
Unconstrained ordination
Canonical ordination
Spatial analysis of ecological data
ISBN:9781441979766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Epidemiology , Statistical methods , Ecology , Forests and forestry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048192588:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Pressure Crystallography [electronic resource] : From Fundamental Phenomena to Technological Applications
Author(s): Elena Boldyreva
Przemyslaw Dera
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is devoted to the theme of crystallographic studies at high pressure, with emphasis on the phenomena characteristic to the compressed state of matter, as well as experimental and theoretical techniques used to studythese phenomena. As a the rmodynamic parameter, pressure is remarkable in many ways. In the visible universe its value spans over sixty orders of magnitude, from the non-equilibrium pressure of hydrogen in intergalactic space, to thekind of pressure encountered within neutron star s. In the laboratory, it provides the unique possibility to control the structure and properties of materials, to dramatically alter electronic properties, and to break existing, or formnew chemical bonds. This agenda naturally encompasses elements of phy sics (properties, structure and transformations), chemistry (reactions, transport), materials science (new materials) and engineering (mechanical properties) inaddition it has direct applications and implications for geology (minerals in deep Earth enviro nments), planetary sciences, biology and medicine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction to high pressure science
Single crystal synchrotron techniques
Synchrotron high
pressure high
temperature techniques
Mineral physics of Earth core: iron alloys at extreme condition
Synchrotron
based spectroscopic techniques: Mssbauer and high
resolution inelastic scattering
High
pressure x
ray absorption spectroscopy: application to the local aspects of phase transitions in ferroelectric perovskites
Present
day high
intensity and high
resolution neutron diffraction and neutron scattering under high pressure
Large volume presses for high
pressure s
ISBN:9789048192588
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mineralogy , Crystallography , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783540887898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Materials Science with Ion Beams [electronic resource]
Author(s): Harry Bernas
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book introduces materials scientists and designers, physicists and chemists to the properties of materials that can be modified by ion irradiation or implantation. These techniques can help design new materials or to testmodified properties nove l applications already show that ion-beam techniques are complementary to others, yielding previously unattainable properties. Also, ion-beam interactions modify materials at the nanoscale, avoiding the oftendetrimental results of lithographic or chemical techniques. Here, the effects are related to better-known quasi-equilibrium thermodynamics, and the consequences to materials are discussed with concepts that are familiar to materialsscience. Examples addressed concern semiconductor physics, crystal and nanocluster growth, optics, magnetism, and applications to geology and biology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Forming Metastable Systems by Ion Beam Implantation or Irradiation
Driven Systems
Semiconductors after Ion Beam Implantation or Irradiation
Ion
induced Crystallization and Amorphization
Surface Patterning and Roughening by Ion Beams
Nanocluster Formation
Nanoclusters for Optical Properties
Magnetism
Biological Applications
Geological Applications
ISBN:9783540887898
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v116
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Engineering , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781402092152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Titan from Cassini-Huygens [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert H Brown
Jean-Pierre Lebreton
J. Hunter Waite
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book reviews our current knowledge of Saturn's largest moon Titan featuring the latest results obtained by the Cassini-Huygens mission. A global author team addresses Titans origin and evolution, internal structure,surface geology, the atmospher e and ionosphere as well as magnetospheric interactions. The book closes with an outlook beyond the Cassini-Huygens mission. Colorfully illustrated, this book will serve as a reference to researchers aswell as an introduction for students
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402092152
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9780387778457:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Short Pulse Electromagnetics 9 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Sabath
D.V Giri
Farhad Rachidi
Armin Kaelin
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ultra-wideband (UWB), short-pulse (SP) electromagnetics are now being used for an increasingly wide variety of applications, including collision avoidance radar, concealed object detection, and communications. Notable progress inUWB and SP technologi es has been achieved by investigations of their theoretical bases and improvements in solid-state manufacturing, computers, and digitizers. UWB radar systems are also being used for mine clearing, oil pipelineinspections, archeology, geology, and electron ic effects testing. Ultra-wideband Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 9 presents selected papers of deep technical content and high scientific quality from the UWB-SP9 Conference, which was heldfrom July 21-25, 2008, in Lausanne, Switzerland. The wide-ranging c overage includes contributions on electromagnetic theory, time-domain computational techniques, modeling, antennas, pulsed-power, UWB interactions, radar systems, UWBcommunications, and broadband systems and components. This book serves as a state-of-the- art reference for scientists and engineers working in these applications areas
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387778457
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Electronics , Systems engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540852261:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:EMC 2008 14th European Microscopy Congress 15 September 2008, Aachen, Germany [electronic resource] : Volume 2: Materials Science
Author(s): Silvia Richter
Alexander Schwedt
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Proceedings of the14th European Microscopy Congress, held in Aachen, Germany, 1-5 September 2008. Jointly organised by the European Microscopy Society (EMS), the German Society for Electron Microscopy (DGE) and the localmicroscopists from RWTH Aachen University and the Research Centre Jlich, the congress brings together scientists from Europe and from all over the world. The scientific programme covers all recent developments in the three majorareas of instrumentation and methods, materials science a nd life science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Materials Science
Materials for Information Technology
Nanomaterials and Catalysts
Structural and Functional Materials
Soft Matter and Polymers
Materials in Mineralogy, Geology and Archaeology
ISBN:9783540852261
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402088377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Fossils to Astrobiology [electronic resource] : Records of Life on Earth and Search for Extraterrestrial Biosignatures
Author(s): Joseph Seckbach
Maud Walsh
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study,including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expertscientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimula ting reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth andbeyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found i n the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports ofnanobacteria in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in foc using on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geology
Nanosims Opens a New Window for Deciphering Organic Matter in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Samples
Disentangling the Microbial Fossil Record in the Barberton Greenstone Belt: A Cautionary Tale
Looking Through Windows onto the Earliest History of Life on Earth and Mars
Models for Silicate Fossils of Organic Materials in the Astrobiological Context
Microfossil Phosphatization and Its Astrobiological Implications
Proterozoic Unicellular and Multicellular Fossils from India and Their Implications
Microbial Communities of Stromatolites
Biosedimentological Process
ISBN:9781402088377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 1566-0400 : v12
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Geology , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Microbiology , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402087585:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource] : Modeling and Numerical Simulation
Author(s): Roland Glowinski
Pekka Neittaanmki
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is dedicated to Olivier Pironneau. For more than 250 years partial differential equations have been clearly the most important tool available to mankind in order to understand a large variety of phenomena, natural atfirst and then those ori ginating from human activity and technological development. Mechanics, physics and their engineering applications were the first to benefit from the impact of partial differential equations on modeling anddesign, but a little less than a century ago the S chrdinger equation was the key opening the door to the application of partial differential equations to quantum chemistry, for small atomic and molecular systems at first, but thenfor systems of fast growing complexity. Mathematical modeling methods based on partial differential equations form an important part of contemporary science and are widely used in engineering and scientific applications. In this bookseveral experts in this field present their latest results and discuss trends in the numerical an alysis of partial differential equations. The first part is devoted to discontinuous Galerkin and mixed finite element methods, bothmethodologies of fast growing popularity. They are applied to a variety of linear and nonlinear problems, including the Sto kes problem from fluid mechanics and fully nonlinear elliptic equations of the Monge-Ampre type. Numericalmethods for linear and nonlinear hyperbolic problems are discussed in the second part. The third part is concerned with domain decomposition methods, with applications to scattering problems for wave models and to electronic structurecomputations. The next part is devoted to the numerical simulation of problems in fluid mechanics that involve free surfaces and moving boundaries. The finite difference solution of a problem from spectral geometry has also beenincluded in this part. Inverse problems are known to be efficient models used in geology, medicine, mechanics and many other natural science
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402087585
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Computational Methods in Applied Sciences, 1871-3033 : v16
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Differential equations, partial , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540498537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mssbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 49 September 2005 Volume II (Part IIIV/V)/ edited by P.-E. Lippens, J.-C. Jumas, J.-M. R. Gnin
Author(s): P.-E Lippens
J.-C Jumas
J.-M. R Gnin
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book provides an up-to-date overview of the Mssbauer effect in physics, chemistry, electrochemistry, catalysis, biology, medicine, geology, mineralogy, archaeology and materials science. It is of great interest for graduatestudents and researche rs who work in one of these scientific areas or use the Mssbauer spectroscopy. In addition to the traditional topics, the book contains the most recent developments of the technique especially in the fields ofnanoparticles, thin films, surfaces, interface s, magnetism, experimentation, theory, medical and industrial applications and Mars exploration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540498537
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540498506:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mssbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 49 September 2005, Volume I (Part III/V)/ edited by P. -E. Lippens, J. -C. Jumas , J. -M. R. Gnin
Author(s): P. -E Lippens
J. -C Jumas
J. -M. R Gnin
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an up-to-date overview of the Mssbauer effect in physics, chemistry, electrochemistry, catalysis, biology, medicine, geology, mineralogy, archaeology and materials science. It is of great interest for graduatestudents and researche rs who work in one of these scientific areas or use the Mssbauer spectroscopy. In addition to the traditional topics, the book contains the most recent developments of the technique especially in the fields ofnanoparticles, thin films, surfaces, interface s, magnetism, experimentation, theory, medical and industrial applications and Mars exploration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540498506
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540327110:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Comet/Asteroid Impacts and Human Society [electronic resource] : An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author(s): Peter T Bobrowsky
Hans Rickman
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In 1908 an atmospheric explosion in northern Siberia released energy equivalent to 15 Mton of TNT. Can a comparable or larger NEO affect us again? When the next NEO strikes Earth will it be large enough to destroy a city? Will theclimate change signi ficantly? Can archaeology and anthropology provide insights into the expected cultural responses with NEO interactions? Does society have a true grasp of the actual risks involved? Is the Great Depression a goodmodel for the economic collapse that could f ollow a NEO catastrophe? This volume provides a necessary link between various disciplines and comet/asteroid impacts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Anthropology, Archaeology, Geology
The Geologic Record of Destructive Impact Events on Earth
The Archaeology and Anthropology of Quaternary Period Cosmic Impact
The Sky on the Ground: Celestial Objects and Events in Archaeology and Popular Culture
Umm al Binni Structure, Southern Iraq, as a Postulated Late Holocene Meteorite Impact Crater
Tree
Rings Indicate Global Environmental Downturns that could have been Caused by Comet Debris
The GGE Threat: Facing and Coping with Global Geophysical Events
Astronomy and Physical Implications
The Asteroid Impact Hazard and Interdis
ISBN:9783540327110
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geology , Astronomy , Environmental economics , Archaeology , Human Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540302797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Nuclear Analytical Methods [electronic resource] : XRF, Mssbauer, XPS, NAA and B63Ion-Beam Spectroscopic Techniques
Author(s): H. R Verma
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is a blend of analytical methods based on the phenomenon of atomic and nuclear physics. It comprises comprehensive presentations about X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), Mssbauer Spectroscopy (MS), X-ray PhotoelectronSpectroscopy (XPS), Neutron- Act ivation Analysis (NAA), Particle Induced X-ray Emission Analysis (PIXE), Rutherford Backscattering Analysis (RBS), Elastic Recoil Detection (ERD), Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA), Particle InducedGamma-ray Emission Analysis (PIGE), and Accelerator Mass Sp ectrometry (AMS). These techniques are commonly applied in the fields of medicine, biology, environmental studies, archaeology or geology et al. and pursued in majorinternational research laboratories
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. X
Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Particle
Induced X
Ray Emission (PIXE)
2. Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS)
3. Elastic Recoil Detection (ERD)
4. Mssbauer Spectroscopy (MS)
5. X
Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
6. Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA)
7. Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) and Proton
Induced Gamma
Ray Emission (PIGE)
8. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS)
ISBN:9783540302797
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Analytical biochemistry , Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Condensed matter , Electromagnetism , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781846287916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mr Hopkins' Men [electronic resource] : Cambridge Reform and British Mathematics in the 19th Century
Author(s): Alex D. D Craik
Date:2007
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The 19th century was a key period in the development of the mathematical sciences in Britain. Subjects such as rigid-body dynamics, hydrodynamics, elasticity, optics, heat, electricity and magnetism were extended and given firmerfoundations new areas of pure mathematics were explored and major advances took place in statistics, astronomy, geology and glaciology. The mid-19th century also brought dramatic changes to Cambridge University. Before 1850, the onlypathway to an honours degree was the Mathem atical Tripos - taken by all aspiring students whatever their destined careers - and the best teaching was provided by private tutors, the most renowned being the remarkable William Hopkins.This wide-ranging book tells the story of Hopkins and the educati on and subsequent careers of his top wranglers, many of whom went on to have illustrious careers as bishops, judges, politicians, scientists or educators. It draws onfirst-hand accounts of life at Cambridge to give the reader a glimpse inside its colleges , and it charts the evolution of the curriculum and the slow, often reluctant, reforms that led to Cambridges dominance of British highereducation. It surveys the scientific achievements of the time and considers the disproportionate contributions made by Scottish and Irish alumni in establishing a research community. Gradually, Cambridge was transformed from anear-moribund institution into a world-renowned centre for the mathematical and physical sciences. Many famous scientists and mathematicians are pr ofiled, among them G. Green, G.G. Stokes, J.C. Adams, W. Thomson (Lord Kelvin), A.Cayley and J.C. Maxwell, and many lesser-known figures too, including the first professors in Australia and the tutor to an Indian maharajah. In addition, and as a special h ighlight, Hopkins own collection of portraits of his topstudents, attributed to the artist T.C. Wageman, are published here in colour for the first time. Scholarly yet non-technical, t
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Educating the Elite
Introducing Hopkins and his Wranglers
The Student Experience 1820
1860
Cambridge University in Context
Teaching at Cambridge
William Hopkins
Hopkins Top Wranglers 1829
1854
Part II: Careers of the Wranglers
The Cambridge Stamp
The Growth of a Research Community
Achievements in the Mathematical Sciences
Wranglers at Home: Four Biographies
Wranglers Abroad: Churchmen and Educators in the Colonies
Postscript
ISBN:9781846287916
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History , Mathematics_$xHistory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387377315:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 7 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Sabath
Eric L Mokole
Uwe Schenk
Daniel Nitsch
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ultra-wideband (UWB), short-pulse (SP) electromagnetics are now being used for an increasingly wide variety of applications, including collision avoidance radar, concealed object detection, and communications. Notable progress inUWB and SP technologi es has been achieved by investigations of their theoretical bases and improvements in solid-state manufacturing, computers, and digitizers. UWB radar systems are also being used for mine clearing, oil pipelineinspections, archeology, geology, and electron ic effects testing. Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 7 presents selected papers of deep technical content and high scientific quality from the UWB-SP7 Conference, includingwide-ranging contributions on electromagnetic theory, scattering, UWB an tennas, UWB systems, ground penetrating radar (GPR), UWB communications, pulsed-power generation, time-domain computational electromagnetics, UWB compatibility,target detection and discrimination, propagation through dispersive media, and wavelet and mult i-resolution techniques. This book serves as an essential for scientists and engineers working in these applications areas
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Electromagnetic Theory and Modelling
Time
Domain Computational Techniques
Antennas
Pulsed
Power
UWB Interaction
UWB and Transient Metrology
Radar Systems
Detection, Target Identification and Signal Processing
UWB Communication
Broadband Systems and Components
ISBN:9780387377315
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Electronics , Systems engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540264934:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Methods and Modelling in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production [electronic resource]
Author(s): Armin Iske
Trygve Randen
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Hydrocarbon exploration and production incorporate great technology challenges for the oil and gas industry. In order to meet the world's future demand for oil and gas, further technological advance is needed, which in turnrequires research across mu ltiple disciplines, including mathematics, geophysics, geology, petroleum engineering, signal processing, and computer science. This book addresses important aspects and fundamental concepts in hydrocarbonexploration and production. Moreover, new developm ents and recent advances in the relevant research areas are discussed, whereby special emphasis is placed on mathematical methods and modelling. The book reflects the multi-disciplinarycharacter of the hydrocarbon production workflow, ranging from seismic data imaging, seismic analysis and interpretation and geological model building, to numerical reservoir simulation. Various challenges concerning the productionworkflow are discussed in detail. The thirteen chapters of this joint work, authored by intern ational experts from academic and industrial institutions, include survey papers of expository character as well as original researcharticles. Large parts of the material presented in this book were developed between November 2000 and April 2004 through t he European research and training network NetAGES, Network for Automated Geometry Extraction from Seismic.The new methods described here are currently being implemented as software tools at Schlumberger Stavanger Research, one of the world's largest servi ce providers to the oil industry
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Seismic Interpretation
to Seismic Texture
Atlas of 3D Seismic Attributes
The Use of Structure Tensors in the Analysis of Seismic Data
Automated Structural Interpretation Through Classification of Seismic Horizons
Automatic Fault Extraction Using Artificial Ants
Geological Model Building
Geological Modelling and Reservoir Simulation
Geological Model Building: A Hierarchical Segmentation Approach
Mapping 3D Geo
Bodies Based on Level Set and Marching Methods
Modern Techniques in Seismic Tomography
Reservoir Modelling and Simulation
From 3D Seismic Facies to Res
ISBN:9783540264934
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics in Industry, 1612-3956 : v7
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry , Computer vision , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387271583:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Permutation, Parametric and Bootstrap Tests of Hypotheses [electronic resource]
Author(s): Phillip Good
Date:2005
Edition:Third Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This text will equip both practitioners and theorists with the necessary background in testing hypothesis and decision theory to enable innumerable practical applications of statistics. Its intuitive and informal style makes itsuitable as a text for both students and researchers. It can serve as the basis a one- or two-semester graduate course as well as a standard handbook of statistical procedures for the practitioners desk. Parametric, permutation, andbootstrap procedures for testing hypotheses ar e developed side by side. The emphasis on distribution-free permutation procedures will enable workers in applied fields to use the most powerful statistic for their applications andsatisfy regulatory agency demands for methods that yield exact significan ce levels, not approximations. Algebra and an understanding of discrete probability will take the reader through all but the appendix, which utilizes probabilitymeasures in its proofs. The revised and expanded text of the 3rd edition includes many more re al-world illustrations from biology, business, clinical trials, economics, geology, law, medicine, social science and engineering along withtwice the number of exercises. Real-world problems of missing and censored data, multiple comparisons, nonresponder s, after-the-fact covariates, and outliers are dealt with at length. New sections are added on sequential analysis andmultivariate analysis plus a chapter on the exact analysis of multi-factor designs based on the recently developed theory of synchronous permutations. The book's main features include: Detailed consideration of one-, two-, and k-sampletests, contingency tables, clinical trials, cluster analysis, multiple comparisons, multivariate analysis, and repeated measures Numerous practical applicati ons in archeology, biology, business, climatology, clinical trials, economics,education, engineering, geology, law, medicine, and the social sciences Valuable techniques for reducing computation time
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Wide Range of Applications
Optimal Procedures
Testing Hypothesis
Distributions
Multiple Tests
Experimental Designs
Multifactor Designs
Categorical Data
Multivariate Analysis
Clustering in Time and Space
Coping with Disaster
Solving the Insolveable
Publishing Your Results
Increasing Computational Efficiency
ISBN:9780387271583
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387233130:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Focused Ion Beams [electronic resource] : Instrumentation, Theory, Techniques and Practice
Author(s): Lucille A Giannuzzi
Fred A Stevie
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The focused ion beam (FIB) instrument has experienced an intensive period of maturation since its inception. Numerous new techniques and applications have been brought to fruition, and over the past few years, the FIB has gainedacceptance as more tha n just an expensive sample preparation tool. It has taken its place among the suite of other instruments commonly available in analytical and forensic laboratories, universities, geological, medical and biologicalresearch institutions, and manufacturing p lants. Although the utility of the FIB is not limited to the preparation of specimens for subsequent analysis by other analytical techniques, it has revolutionized the area of TEM specimenpreparation. The FIB has also been used to prepare samples for nume rous other analytical techniques, and offers a wide range of other capabilities. While the mainstream of FIB usage remains within the semiconductor industry, FIB usagehas expanded to applications in metallurgy, ceramics, composites, polymers, geology, art , biology, pharmaceuticals, forensics, and other disciplines. Computer automated procedures have been configured for unattended use of FIB and dualplatform instruments. New applications of FIB and dual platform instrumentation are constantly being develop ed for materials characterization and nanotechnology. The site specific nature of the FIB milling and deposition capabilitiesallows preparation and processing of materials in ways that are limited only by one's imagination. Introduction to Focused Ion Bea ms is geared towards techniques and applications. The first portion of this book introduces the basics ofFIB instrumentation, milling, and deposition capabilities. The chapter dedicated to ion-solid interactions is presented so that the FIB user can under stand which parameters will influence FIB milling behavior. The remainder of the bookfocuses on how to prepare and analyze samples using FIB and related tools, and presents specific applications and tec
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Focused Ion Beam Instrument
Ion
Solid Interactions
Focused Ion Beam Gases for Deposition and Enhanced Etch
Three
Dimensional Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion Beams
Device Edits and Modifications
The Uses of Dual Beam FIB in Microelectronic Failure Analysis
High Resolution Live Imaging of FIB Milling Processes for Optimum Accuracy
FIB for Materials Science Applications
a Review
Practical Aspects of FIB Tem Specimen Preparation
FIB Lift
Out Specimen Preparation Techniques
A FIB Micro
Sampling Technique and a Site Specific TEM Specimen Preparation Method
ISBN:9780387233130
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662104033:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Solar System
Author(s): Thérèse Encrenaz
Date:2004
Edition:Third Edition
Size:1 online resource (514 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-10403-3
Contents:1 General Features of the Solar System -- 2 The Solar System Within the Universe -- 3 Methods of Studying the Solar System -- 4 The Formation of the Solar System -- 5 The Interaction of Solar-System Bodies with the Interplanetary
Medium -- 6 The Terrestrial Planets and Their Satellites -- 7 The Asteroids -- 8 The Giant Planets -- 9 Titan -- 10 Bodies Without Atmospheres in the Outer Solar System -- 11 Comets -- 12 New Frontiers -- 13 Interplanetary Dust,
Micrometeorites and Meteorites -- 14 New Planetary Systems -- 15 The Search for Life in the Universe -- References
ISBN:9783662104033
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Geophysics , Planetology , Space sciences , Earth Sciences , Planetology , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Geology , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781447102311:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tools for Constructing Chronologies Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (54 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4471-0231-1
Contents:1 Bayesian Chronological Data Interpretation: Where Now? -- 2 Pragmatic Bayesians: a Decade of Integrating Radiocarbon Dates into Chronological Models -- 3 Bayesian Inference of Calibration Curves: Application to Archaeomagnetism -- 4
The Synchronization of Civilizations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Second Millennium BC: Natural Science Dating Attempts -- 5 Applications of Formal Model Choice to Archaeological Chronology Building -- 6 Complicated Relations
and Blind Dating: Formal Analysis of Relative Chronological Structures -- 7 Genealogies from Time-Stamped Sequence Data -- 8 Tephrochronology and its Application to Late Quaternary Environmental Reconstruction, with Special Reference
to the North Atlantic Islands -- 9 Constructing Chronologies of Sea-Level Change from Salt-Marsh Sediments -- 10 A Framework for Analysing Fossil Record Data -- 11 Taking Bayes Beyond Radiocarbon: Bayesian Approaches to Some Other
Chronometric Methods
ISBN:9781447102311
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 177
Keywords: Statistics , Geology , Paleontology , Bioinformatics , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Geology , Paleontology , Bioinformatics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402021152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV IV — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications held in Barcelona, Spain, November 27–29, 2002
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (541 p.)
Note:10.1007/1-4020-2115-1
ISBN:9781402021152
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 13
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Remote sensing , Statistics , Environment , Air pollution , Earth Sciences , Earth Sciences, general , Environment, general , Quantitative Geology , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401703499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Searching the Heavens and the Earth: The History of Jesuit Observatories
Author(s): Augustín Udías
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (373 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-0349-9
Contents:I. History -- 1. A Jesuit tradition -- 2. Observatories in Jesuit colleges and universities in Europe (1540–1773) -- 3. Jesuit astronomers in China, India and other missions (1540–1773) -- 4. Europe astronomy and geophysics
(1814–2000) -- 5. North America the Jesuit Seismological Association (1814–2000) -- 6. South America hurricanes and earthquakes (1814–2000) -- 7. Asia, Africa and Australia the great mission observatories (1814–2000) -- II. Jesuit
Observatories, 1814–2000. -- 1. Europe -- 2. North America -- 3. Central and South America -- 4. Africa, Asia and Australia -- III. Jesuit scientists, 1814–2000. -- Bibliography of Part I, Chapters 1, 2 and 3. -- Index by observatories
-- Index by names
ISBN:9789401703499
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 286
Keywords: Physics , History , Historical geology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , History, general , Historical Geology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9789401717014:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geostatistics Rio 2000 Proceedings of the Geostatistics Sessions of the 31st International Geological Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 6–17 August 2000
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (237 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1701-4
Contents:1 Using Quantitative Outcrop Databases As a Guide for Geological Reservoir Modelling -- 2 Quantification of facies relationships via proportion curves -- 3 Geologic Modelling of External and Internal Reservoir Architecture of Fluvial
Depositional Systems -- 4 Impact of Seismic Constraints on a Stochastic Reservoir Model and Fluid Flow Simulation -- 5 Practical Workflows for Reservoir Modelling -- 6 Simulating the Geometry of a Granite-hosted Uranium Orebody -- 7
Simulation of Weathered Iron Ore Facies: Integrating Leaching Concepts and Geostatistical Models -- 8 Geostatistical Simulation of Structurally Controlled Low Grade High Tonnage Gold Ores: A Strategy for Targeting Genuine Enriched
Zones -- 9 Geostatistical Frameword for Modelling Clay Deposits: Nova Veneza Case Study in Southern Brazil -- 10 Risk Assessment of Reserve Calculation during Milestones of a Mine Life -- 11 Successfull Incorporation of Geological
Controls into Reserve Evaluation: Recent Examples from Giant Copper Mines in Chile -- 12 Geological Conditions for a Correct Geostatistical Evaluation: Example from the Elatsite Copper Deposit in Bulgaria -- 13 Evaluation of Kriging
and Cokriging for Asbestos Ore Reserve Estimation at the Cana Brava Mine, Goiás, Brazil -- 14 Geostatistical Evaluation of the Mineral Resources of the Cajati Mine, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil -- 15 Variographic Trends of Gold in the
Alluvial Sediments Associated with the Quartz Lodes in the Princesa Isabel Region, Paraiba, Brazil -- List of color figures
ISBN:9789401717014
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 12
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Sedimentology , Geotechnical engineering , Statistics , Earth Sciences , Geology , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Earth Sciences, general , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Sedimentology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401008105:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV III — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications held in Avignon, France, November 22–24, 2000
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (540 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0810-5
ISBN:9789401008105
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 11
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Probabilities , Statistics , Environment , Soil science , Soil conservation , Pollution , Earth Sciences , Geology , Pollution, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Environment, general , Soil Science & Conservation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401003209:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Century of Space Science
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (1846 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0320-9
Contents:1. The century of space science -- The Beginnings -- 2. The space age and the origin of space research -- 3. Enabling technology for space transportation -- The Early Epoch of Space Science -- 4. The cosmic radiation -- 5.
Magnetospheric physics -- 6. Barium cloud experiments in the upper atmosphere -- 7. Alkali metal cloud experiments in the upper atmosphere -- 8. Early solar space research -- 9. A history of the solar wind concept -- 10. The
terrestrial planets at the dawn of the space age -- 11. The Moon before Apollo -- 12. From the ionosphere to high energy astronomy -a personal experience -- 13. Early ultraviolet spectroscopy from space -- 14. The early days of
infrared space astronomy -- Fundamental Science in Space -- 15. Verification of general relativity: tests in the Solar System -- 16. Verification of general relativity: strong fields and gravitational waves -- 17. The cosmological
constants -- 18. COBE, dark matter and large-scale structure in the Universe -- 19. The origin of the light elements in the early Universe -- 20. Gravitational lensing -- Extragalactic Astronomy -- 21. Clusters of galaxies -- 22.
Gamma-ray bursts -- 23. Quasars -- 24. Blazars -- 25. X-ray and infrared properties of normal galaxies -- The Milky Way -- 26. The hot part of the interstellar medium -- 27. Space-borne observations of the life cycle of interstellar
gas and dust -- 28. The interstellar medium of our Galaxy -- 29. Galactic cosmic rays -- 30. Stellar populations and dynamics in the Milky Way galaxy -- 31. Pulsars and isolated neutron stars -- 32. Evolutionary concepts of binaries
with compact objects -- 33. White dwarf binaries -- 34. Low mass X-ray binaries -- 35. High-mass X-ray binaries -- 36. Black-hole binaries -- 37. The formation of stars and protoplanetary disks -- 38. High-energy radiation from outer
stellar atmospheres -- 39. Mass loss from stars -- 40. Planetary nebulae -- 41. Supernovae and supernova remnants -- The Solar System -- 42. Acceleration processes of heliospheric particle populations -- 43. Reconnection -- 44. The
solar interior -- 45. The solar atmosphere -- 46. The active Sun -- 47. The solar wind -- 48. The heliosphere -- 49. The dusty heliosphere -- 50. The interaction of the heliosphere with the interstellar medium -- 51. Comets: coma and
beyond -- 52. The morphology of cometary nuclei -- 53. The constituents of cometary nuclei -- 54. The Moon and terrestrial planets: geology and geophysics -- 55. Radiometric chronology of the Moon and Mars -- 56. Chemical evolution of
the Moon and the terrestrial planets -- 57. The atmospheres of the terrestrial planets -- 58. Jupiter -- 59. The planets beyond Jupiter -- 60. The satellites of the outer planets -- 61. Planetary and lunar magnetism -- The Earth and
its Plasma Environment -- 62. The magnetosphere as a plasma laboratory -- 63. Earth’s magnetosphere -- 64. Earth’s ionosphere -- 65. Oceanography -- 66. Satellite geodesy and geosciences -- 67. Chemistry and physics of the atmosphere
-- Appendices -- A basic chronology of the space age -- Catalog of space science launches 1957–2000 -- Indices -- Abbreviations and acronyms -- Index of cited authors -- Name index
ISBN:9789401003209
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , History , Earth sciences , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Automotive engineering , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Earth Sciences, general , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Automotive Engineering , History, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783709161999:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Global Positioning System Theory and Practice
Author(s): Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
Date:2001
Edition:Fifth, revised edition
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-6199-9
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 The origins of surveying -- 1.2 Development of global surveying techniques -- 1.3 History of the Global Positioning System -- 2 Overview of GPS -- 2.1 Basic concept -- 2.2 Space segment -- 2.3 Control segment --
2.4 User segment -- 3 Reference systems -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Coordinate systems -- 3.3 Time systems -- 4 Satellite orbits -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Orbit description -- 4.3 Orbit determination -- 4.4 Orbit dissemination -- 5
Satellite signal -- 5.1 Signal structure -- 5.2 Signal processing -- 6 Observables -- 6.1 Data acquisition -- 6.2 Data combinations -- 6.3 Atmospheric effects -- 6.4 Relativistic effects -- 6.5 Antenna phase center offset and variation
-- 6.6 Multipath -- 7 Surveying with GPS -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Planning a GPS survey -- 7.3 Surveying procedure -- 7.4 In situ data processing -- 7.5 Survey report -- 8 Mathematical models for positioning -- 8.1 Point positioning
-- 8.2 Differential positioning -- 8.3 Relative positioning -- 9 Data processing -- 9.1 Data preprocessing -- 9.2 Ambiguity resolution -- 9.3 Adjustment, filtering, and smoothing -- 9.4 Adjustment of mathematical GPS models -- 9.5
Network adjustment -- 9.6 Dilution of precision -- 9.7 Accuracy measures -- 10 Transformation of GPS results -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Coordinate transformations -- 10.3 Datum transformations -- 10.4 Combining GPS and terrestrial
data -- 11 Software modules -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Planning -- 11.3 Data transfer -- 11.4 Data processing -- 11.5 Quality control -- 11.6 Network computations -- 11.7 Data base management -- 11.8 Utilities -- 11.9 Flexibility --
12 Applications of GPS -- 12.1 General uses of GPS -- 12.2 Attitude determination -- 12.3 Airborne GPS for photo-control -- 12.4 Interoperability of GPS -- 12.5 Installation of control networks -- 13 Future of GPS -- 13.1 New
application aspects -- 13.2 GPS modernization -- 13.3 GPS augmentation -- 13.4 GNSS -- 13.5 Hardware and software improvements -- 13.6 Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9783709161999
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geology , Geophysics , Geotechnical engineering , Geography , Geographical information systems , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Geology , Geography, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783642565403:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Temporal GIS Advanced Functions for Field-Based Applications
Author(s): George Christakos
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (219 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56540-3
Contents:1 A BME View to the New Realities of TGIS -- 1.1 Introducing a Temporal Geographical Information System (TGIS) -- 1.2 Field-Based TGIS -- 1.3 TGIS Functions -- 1.4 Novel Contribution to TGIS -- 1.5 Concluding Remarks -- 2
Spatiotemporal Modelling -- 2.1 Spatiotemporal Continuum -- 2.2 The Random Field Model -- 2.3 The Role of Metaphors in TGIS -- 2.4 The Importance of Physical Geometry -- 2.5 Synopsis -- 3 Knowledge Bases Integration -- 3.1 Integrating
Knowledge Bases (KB) into TGIS -- 3.2 General KB and the Associated Physical Constraints -- 3.3 Specificatory KB -- 3.4 Accommodating Knowledge Needs -- 4 Spatiotemporal Mapping -- 4.1 A Formulation of the Spatiotemporal Mapping
Problem -- 4.2 Formal BME Analysis and Mapping -- 4.3 Other Mapping Techniques -- 4.4 Concluding Remarks -- 5 Interpretive BME -- 5.1 Interpretive Issues -- 5.2 An Epistemic Analysis of the BME Approach -- 5.3 Non-Bayesian
Conditionalization -- 5.4 By Way of a Summary -- 6 The BME Toolbox In Action -- 6.1 The Fundamental KB Operators -- 6.2 Step-by-Step BME -- 6.3 Analytic and Synthetic Case-Studies -- 6.4 Quantifying the Mapping Efficiency of Soft Data
-- 6.5 Numerical Investigations of Popular Techniques -- 6.6 Merging Maps with BME -- 6.7 Synopsis -- 7 The BME Computer Library -- 7.1 Computational BME Analysis and the BMEIib -- 7.2 Getting Started -- 7.3 The iolib Directory -- 7.4
The graphlib Directory -- 7.5 The modelslib Directory -- 7.6 The statlib Directory -- 7.7 The bmeprobalib Directory -- 7.8 The bmeintlib Directory -- 7.9 The bmehrlib Directory -- 7.10 Simulations -- 7.11 The genlib Directory -- 7.12
The mvnlib Directory -- 7.13 BMEIib Tutorials, Examples, and Tests -- 8 Scientific Hypothesis Testing, Explanation, and Decision Making -- 8.1 On Scientific Methodology -- 8.2 Hypothesis Testing -- 8.3 Scientific Explanation -- 8.4
Geographotemporal Decision Making -- 8.5 Prelude -- References
ISBN:9783642565403
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Earth sciences , Geology , Geotechnical engineering , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Earth Sciences, general , Geology , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783540456704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (582 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45670-8
Contents:Fundamentals: Methods, Materials and Metaphors -- The Language of Pattern and Form -- Geophysical Aspects of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics -- to Rheology and Application to Geophysics -- Granular Material Theories Revisited -- Hot --
Earth’s Surface Morphology and Convection in the Mantle -- Morphological Instabilities in Flows with Cooling, Freezing or Dissolution -- Shallow Lava Theory -- Explosive Volcanic Eruptions -- Cold -- The Dynamics of Snow and Ice Masses
-- Response of Italian Glaciers to Climatic Variations -- Asymptotic Theories of Ice Sheets and Ice Shelves -- Aspects of Iceberg Deterioration and Drift -- Snow Avalanches -- Dense Granular Avalanches: Mathematical Description and
Experimental Validation -- Dirty -- Patterns of Dirt -- 16 Invitation to Sediment Transport -- Types of Aeolian Sand Dunes and Their Formation -- Dunes and Drumlins -- Estuarine Patterns: An Introduction to Their Morphology and
Mechanics -- Longshore Bars and Bragg Resonance -- 21 Debris Flows and Related Phenomena -- Mud Flow— Slow and Fast
ISBN:9783540456704
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 582
Keywords: Physics , Earth sciences , Geology , Geophysics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Fluids , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Earth Sciences, general , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Applications of Mathematics , Geology , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401142977:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomical Origins of Life Steps Towards Panspermia
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (381 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4297-7
Contents:Panspermia 2000 -- 1. General Considerations -- On a Possibly Fundamental Principle in Chemistry as Viewed in a Cosmogonic Context -- Biological Activity in the Early Solar System in its Outer Regions -- An Object within a Particle of
Extraterrestrial Origin Compared with an Object of Presumed Terrestrial Origin -- The Viability with Respect to Temperature of Micro-Organisms Incident on the Earth’s Atmosphere -- A Laboratory Experiment with Relevance to the Survival
of Micro-Organisms Entering a Planetary Atmosphere -- Biological Evolution -- Metallic Particles in Astronomy -- The Universe and Life: Deductions from the Weak Anthropic Principle -- Miller-Urey Synthesis in the Nuclei of Galaxies --
2. Cosmic Organic Polymers -- Formaldehyde Polymers in Interstellar Space -- Formaldehyde Polymers in Comets -- Composition of Cometary Dust: the Case against Silicates -- Primitive Grain Clumps and Organic Compounds in Carbonaceous
Chondrites -- Spectroscopic Evidence for Interstellar Grain Clumps in Meteoritic Inclusions -- Calculations of Infrared Fluxes from Galactic Sources for a Polysaccharide Grain Model -- 3. Cosmic Micro-Organisms: Infrared
Characterisation -- Infrared Spectroscopy of Micro-Organisms Near 3.4 ?m in Relation to Geology and Astronomy -- Infrared Spectroscopy over the 2.9-3.9 ?m Waveband in Biochemistry and Astronomy -- 2.8-3.6 ?m Spectra of Micro-Organisms
with Varying H2O Ice-Content -- Organo-Siliceous Biomolecules and the Infrared Spectrum of the Trapezium Nebula -- The Spectroscopic Identification of Interstellar Grains -- The Availability of Phosphorus in the Bacterial Model of the
Interstellar Grains -- Diatoms on Earth, Comets, Europa an. i. Interstellar Space -- A Diatom Model of Dust in the Trapezium Nebula -- Infrared Evidence for Panspermia: An Update -- 4. Evidence from Interstellar Extinction -- On the
Nature of Interstellar Grains -- A Model for Interstellar Extinction -- The Ultraviolet Absorbance of Presumably Interstellar Bacteria and Related Matters -- The Case against Graphite Particles in Interstellar Space -- 5. Biogenic
Aromatic Molecules in Space -- Organic Molecules in Interstellar Dust: A Possible Spectral Signature at ?.2200Å? -- Identification of the ? 2 200 Å Interstellar Absorption Feature -- A Unified Model for the 3.28 ? Emission and the 2200
Å Interstellar Extinction Feature -- Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Very Small Interstellar Grains -- An Integrated 2.5-12.5 ?m Emission Spectrum of Naturally-Occurring Aromatic Molecules -- Biofluorescence and the Extended Red Emission in
Astrophysical Sources -- 6. Comets and Life -- Comets, Ice Ages, and Ecological Catastrophes -- Comets - A Vehicle for Panspermia -- Some Predictions on the Nature of Comet Halley -- A Model of the 2-1 ?m Spectrum of Comet Halley --
Modelling the 5-30 ?ectrum of Comet Halley -- Very Small Dust Particles (VSDP’met C/19962 B2 (Hyakutake) -- The Astonishing Redness of Kuiper-Belt Objects -- Eruptions of Comet Hale-Bopp at 6.5 AU -- Infrared Radiation from Comet
Hale-Bopp
ISBN:9789401142977
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Evolutionary biology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Evolutionary Biology , Microbial Ecology , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642570162:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spectral Analysis and Filter Theory in Applied Geophysics
Author(s): Burkhard Buttkus
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (667 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57016-2
Contents:I Spectral Analysis of Deterministic Processes -- 1 Fourier Series Representation of Periodic Functions -- 2 Spectral Representation of Nonperiodic Processes -- 3 The Dirac Delta Function and its Fourier Transform -- 4 Spectral
Analysis of Time-Limited Observations of Infinitely Long Processes -- 5 Spectral Analysis of Discrete Functions -- 6 z-Transform Representation of Time Series -- 7 Examples of the Use of the Fourier Transform in Applied Seismics -- II
Spectral Analysis of Random Processes -- 8 Characterization of Random Processes in the Time and Frequency Domains -- 9 Estimation of the Power Spectral Density Function -- 10 Evaluation of Magnetotelluric Survey Data -- III Spectral
Analysis of Random Processes by Model Fitting -- 11 Spectral Estimation by Model Fitting -- 12 Estimating Power Spectra using Criteria from Information Theory -- IV Fundamentals of Filter Theory -- 13 Filtering from the Viewpoint of
System Theory -- 14 Filtering in the Frequency Domain -- V Digital Filtering -- 15 Basics of Digital Filtering -- 16 Filtering using Simple Mathematical Operations -- 17 Designing Nonrecursive Digital Filters of Finite Length -- 18
Synthesis of Recursive Digital Filters -- VI Fundamentals of Optimum Filtering -- 19 Designing Analog and Digital Optimum Filters -- 20 Application of Optimum Filters to Reflection Seismic Data -- 21 Kalman Filters -- VII Fundamentals
of Deconvolution and their Application to Reflection Seismic Data -- 22 Mathematical Basis of Deconvolution -- 23 Deconvolution: Problems and Approaches in Reflection Seismics -- VIII Multidimensional and Multichannel Filters -- 24
Multidimensional Filters -- 25 Two-Dimensional Filters for Gravity and Magnetic Data -- 26 Multichannel Filtering of Seismic Data -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642570162
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geology , Geophysics , Functional analysis , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geology , Functional Analysis , Geophysics/Geodesy , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781447104834:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Observing the Moon
Author(s): Peter T Wlasuk
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (182 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4471-0483-4
Contents:1 Introduction to the Moon -- 2 The Basic Kinds of Lunar Formations -- 3 A Crash Course in Lunar Geology -- 4 Lunar Features — Northeast Quadrant -- 5 Lunar Features — Southeast Quadrant -- 6 Lunar Features — Northwest Quadrant -- 7
Lunar Features — Southwest Quadrant -- 8 Introduction to Observing the Moon -- 9 Drawing Lunar Features -- 10 Lunar Topographic Studies -- 11 Lunar Eclipses and Occultations -- 12 Imaging the Moon -- Glossary of Lunar Terminology --
Further Reading -- Lunar Observing Forms -- Files and Lunar Atlas on the CD-ROM -- Instructions for Using the CD-ROM
ISBN:9781447104834
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Popular works , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Popular Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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