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Call number: | 9783319488646:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Time Machine Tales The Science Fiction Adventures and Philosophical Puzzles of Time Travel |
Author(s): |
Paul J Nahin |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XLIX, 383 p. 53 illus., 3 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Some First Words -- Introduction -- A Broad Look At Time Travel -- Philosophical Space and Time -- The Physics of Time Travel —Part I.-Philosophers, Physicists, and the Time Travel Paradoxes -- Communication With the Past -- The |
Physics of Time Travel —Part II -- Epilogue -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- Glossary -- Index. | |
ISBN: | 9783319488646 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Popular works , Philosophy and science , Gravitation , Physics , Philosophy , Popular Science , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Science in Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory |
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Call number: | 9783319460406:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Invention of Time and Space Origins, Definitions, Nature, Properties |
Author(s): |
Patrice F Dassonville |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XVII, 176 p. 46 illus., 3 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- The Main Issues -- The Failure of Dialectics -- Reality, Concepts, and Models -- Origins of Time and Space -- Definitions and Nature of Time -- Definitions and Nature of Space -- Mathematical Properties of Time and |
Space -- Historical Overview of Time and Space -- First Consequences of Non-Existence -- Conclusion -- Specific Glossary | |
ISBN: | 9783319460406 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , History, Ancient , Ontology , Philosophy and science , Anthropology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Anthropology , Ontology , Ancient History |
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Call number: | 9783319445182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Charles Olivier and the Rise of Meteor Science |
Author(s): |
Richard Taibi |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XXXII, 497 p. 29 illus., 1 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Chapter 1:Fortunes of War and Peace -- Chapter 2: Virginia's Astronomer -- Chapter 3: Young Charles -- Chapter 4: The1800 Leonids -- Chapter 5: Portrait of the Young Man as an Astronomer -- Chapter 6: Sojourn at Lick Observatory -- |
Chapter 7: Doctor of Philosophy -- Chapter 8: Starting Out -- Chapter 9: Friends at McCormick Observaotry -- Chapter 10: Society for Practical Astronomy -- Chapter 11: American Astronomical Society -- Chapter 12: American Association | |
of Variable Star Observers.-Chapter 13: The Weather Bureau -- Chapter 14: Hydrographic Office of the US Navy -- Chapter 15: New Members Join the American Meteor Society, 1915 to 1918 -- Chapter 16: Membership Roster 1915-1918.-Chapter | |
17: Outcomes of Olivier's Membership Efforts, 1911 to 1918 -- Chapter 18: Trans-Atlantic Controversy -- Chapter 19: W. F. Denning, A. S. Herschel, and Stationary Radiants -- Chapter 20: The First Assignment: Discredit Stationary | |
Radiants -- Chapter 21: Top Achievers 1914-1925 -- Chapter 22: Challenges for Olivier and the American Meteor Society -- Chapter 23: The Rise of Astrophysics -- Chapter 24: Membership roster 1919-1929 -- Chapter 25: Advances Made by | |
the American Meteor Society 1919-1929 -- Chapter 26: The Best of Times During the Worst of Times -- Chapter 27: The Man at Mid-Life -- Chapter 28: The Astronomer at Mid-Life -- Chapter 29: Organizing Observatory Staff for the Leonids | |
-- Chapter 29: Organizing Observatory stff for the Leonids -- Chapter 30: Membership Roster 1930-1936 -- Chapter 31: How the Meteor Quest Was Won -- Chapter 32: What the AMS Accomplished -- Chapter 33: Citizen Scientists Caught Meteor | |
Fever -- Chapter 34: Contemporary Meteor Organizations in the United States -- Chapter 35: Outside the USA: A Survey of Meteor Astronomers and Organizations -- Chapter 36: Summing Up: Olivier at Mid-Life -- Chapter 37: Who Were These | |
Men and Women? Appendices -- Index | |
ISBN: | 9783319445182 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , History , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , History of Science |
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Call number: | 9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.) |
Contents: | Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not |
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by | |
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre-Philosophical Period by Michael | |
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and | |
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann | |
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan -- | |
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C. | |
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The | |
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems: | |
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi | |
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational | |
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and | |
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary | |
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. < | |
ISBN: | 9783319444185 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 9783319437606:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Information and Interaction Eddington, Wheeler, and the Limits of Knowledge |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XXIII, 212 p. 22 illus., 11 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Boundaries of Scientific Thought (I. Durham) -- Eddington’s Limits of Knowledge: The Role of Religion (M. Stanley) -- Eddington's Dream: A Failed Theory of Everything (H. Kragh) -- All Possible Perspectives: A (Partial) Defence of |
Eddington's Physics (D. Rickles) -- Tracing the Arrows of Time (F. Weinert) -- Constructor Theory of Information (C. Marletto) -- On Participatory Realism (C. A. Fuchs) -- Toward Physical Realizations of Thermodynamic Resource Theories | |
(N. Y. Halpern) -- Merging Contradictory Laws: Imagining a Contructive Derivation of Quantum Theory (W. K. Wootters) -- Understanding the Electron (K. H. Knuth) | |
ISBN: | 9783319437606 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Quantum Computing , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics |
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Call number: | 9783319394459:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Maths Meets Myths: Quantitative Approaches to Ancient Narratives |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (X, 228 p. 64 illus., 47 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Preface -- Foreword -- Introduction -- Cognitive and Network Constraints in Real Life and Literature -- A Networks Approach to Mythological Epics -- Medieval Historical, Hagiographical and Biographical Networks -- Peopling of the New |
World from data on distributions of folklore motifs -- Phylogenetics Meets Folklore: Bioinformatic Approaches to the Study of International Folktales -- Analyses of a VirtualWorld -- Ghostscope: Conceptual Mapping of Supernatural | |
Phenomena in a Large Folklore Corpus -- Complex Networks of Words in Fables -- Analysing and Restoring the Chronology of the Irish Annals -- Mapping Literate Networks in Early Medieval Ireland Quantitative Realities, Social | |
Mythologies? -- How quantitative methods can shed light on a problem of comparative mythology: The myth of the struggle for supremacy between two groups of deities reconsidered | |
ISBN: | 9783319394459 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , History , Medieval philosophy , Historical linguistics , Social sciences , Physics , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks , History, general , Methodology of the Social Sciences , Historical Linguistics , Medieval Philosophy |
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Call number: | 9783319389875:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum [Un]Speakables II Half a Century of Bell's Theorem |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XVII, 533 p. 200 illus., 87 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | John Stewart Bell - The Man (M. Bell, A. Whitaker, R. A. Bertlmann) -- Bell's Theorem - Fundamental Issues (D. Mermin, C. Brukner, H. Wiseman, J. Bub, T. Rudolph, V. Scarani, M. Zukowski) -- Contextuality (A. Cabello, S. B. Kochen) -- |
Bell Inequalities - Theory (D. Bruß, L. Hardy, J.-A. Larsson, B. Hiesmayr) -- Quantum Topics (A. Acin, N. Gisin, D. Greenberger, M. Horne, V. Scarani) -- Entanglement Features (O. Gühne, B. Kraus) -- Neutron Interferometry (H. Rauch, | |
Y. Hasegawa) -- Bell Inequalities - Experiment (P. Kwiat, G. Weihs, J.-W. Pan, J. F. Clauser, M. Giustina, A. Zeilinger) | |
ISBN: | 9783319389875 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum computers , Quantum physics , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Quantum Computing , Philosophy of Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783662486382:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Bayesians Versus Frequentists A Philosophical Debate on Statistical Reasoning |
Author(s): |
Jordi Vallverdú |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (110 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-662-48638-2 |
Contents: | Some Questions to Begin with -- Ancient Statistics History in a Nutshell -- The Bayesian Approach and its Evolution until the Beginning of 20th Century -- A Conceptual Reply to Reverend Bayes: the Frequentist Approach -- The Co-evolution, Battles a nd Fights of Both Paradigms -- The Birth of Multicausality as the Death of Causality and Their Statistical Corollaries.- Natural vs. Artificial Minds and the Supercomputing Era -- And the Winner is... -- References |
ISBN: | 9783662486382 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Philosophy , History , Philosophy and science , Mathematics , Statistics , Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History of Mathematical Sciences , History of Science , Statistical Theory and Methods |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319394213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Survival under Uncertainty An Introduction to Probability Models of Social Structure and Evolution |
Author(s): |
Dimitri Volchenkov |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (44 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-39421-3 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Subsistence in Uncertainty -- Time and Institutions -- Inequality and the Laws of supply and demand -- Decision making under uncertainty -- Capitalization of uncertainty: stochastic theory of advantage -- Doubly |
stochastic branching process as a model of natural selection -- Human history as a stochastic process -- The stochastic model of social conformity and political instability -- Random walks over political regimes : History seems to | |
never end -- Urbanization failure and a fission chain reaction of states | |
ISBN: | 9783319394213 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and social sciences , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Science , Complexity, Computational , Social structure , Social inequality , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Social Structure, Social Inequality , Philosophy of the Social Sciences , Societal Aspects of Physics , Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319317083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Demons of Science What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World |
Author(s): |
Friedel Weinert |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (8 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-31708-3 |
Contents: | I. Thought Experiments: Thought Experiments in Ancient Greece -- What Thought Experiments Represent -- Models and Thought Experiments -- The Function of Thought Experiments -- What Thought Experiments Tell Us and Don’t Tell Us About |
the World -- Enter the Demons -- II. Laplace's Demon: Laplace’s Demon: Causal and Predictive Determinism -- Causality, Determinism and the Block Universe -- The Time-Reversal Invariance of Fundamental Laws -- Determinism and Its | |
Implications -- Determinism and Free Will -- What Laplace's Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the World -- III. Maxwell's Demon: Local and Cosmic Arrows of Time -- Maxwell’s Demon -- Loschmidt’s Demon: Reversibility and | |
Irreversibility -- Indeterminism -- Indeterminism and Free Will -- Entropy -- The Past-Future Asymmetry -- What Maxwell’s Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the World -- IV. Nietzsche's Demon: The Eternal Recurrence of Events -- | |
Landsberg’s Demon -- Physical and Phenomenal Time -- The Evolution of the Universe -- Time and Change -- Is There a Master Arrow of Time? -- What Landsberg’s Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the Arrows of Time. | |
ISBN: | 9783319317083 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Popular Science in Physics , Cosmology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319285825:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Mathematical Cultures The London Meetings 2012-2014 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (24 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-28582-5 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Understanding the cultural construction of school mathematics -- Envisioning Transformations – The Practice of Topology -- Creative Discomfort: The Culture of the Gelfand Seminar at Moscow University -- Mathematical Culture and Mat hematics Education in Hungary in the XXth Century -- On the Emergence of a New Mathematical Object: an Ethnography of a Duality Transform -- What are we like… -- Mathematics as a social differentiating factor: men of letters, politicians and engineers i n Brazil through the Nineteenth Century -- “The End of Proof”? The integration of different mathematical cultures as experimental mathematics comes of age -- Diversity in Proof Appraisal -- What would the mathematics curriculum look like if instead of concepts and techniques, values were the focus? -- Mathematics and Values -- Purity as a Value in the German-speaking area -- Values in Caring for Proof -- An empirical approach to the mathematical values of problem choice and argumentation -- The |
Notion of Fit as a Mathematical Value -- Mathematical Pull -- Mathematics and First Nations in Western Canada: from cultural destruction to a re-awakening of mathematical reflections -- Remunerative Combinatorics: Mathematicians and their Sponsors i n the Mid-Twentieth Century -- Calling a Spade a Spade: Mathematics in the New Pattern of Division of Labour -- Mathematics and mathematical cultures in fiction: the case of Catherine Shaw -- Morality and Mathematics -- The Great Gibberish - Mathematics i n Western Popular Culture -- Is Mathematics an issue of general education? | |
ISBN: | 9783319285825 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Philosophy and science , History , Mathematics , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Mathematics Education , Philosophy of Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319284125:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics |
Author(s): |
Allan Franklin |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (4 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-28412-5 |
Contents: | Preface -- Part I The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force -- Part II Additional Material -- References -- Index |
ISBN: | 9783319284125 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Philosophy of Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319274959:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Trick or Truth? The Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (8 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-27495-9 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Children of the cosmos (S. Wenmackers) -- Mathematics is Physics (M. S. Leifer) -- My god, it's full of clones: Living in a mathematical universe (M. Séguin) -- Let's consider two spherical chickens (T. Bolognesi) -- |
The raven and the writing desk (I. Durham) -- The deeper roles of mathematics in physical laws (K. H. Knuth) -- How mathematics meets the world (T. Maudlin) -- Mathematics: intuition's consistency check (K. Wharton) -- How not to | |
factor a miracle (D. K. Wise) -- The language of nature (D. Garfinkle) -- Demystifying the applicability of mathematics (N. Fillion) -- Why mathematics works so well (N. S. Yanofsky) -- Genesis of a pythagorean universe (A. Burov) -- | |
Beyond math (S. Magnusdottir) -- The descent of math (S. I. Walker) -- The ultimate tactics of self-referential systems (C. C. Dantas) -- Cognitive science and the connection between physics and mathematics (A. Gupta Mujumdar) -- A | |
metaphorical chart of our mathematical ontology (P. Gibbs).-And the math will set you free (C. Stoica) -- Appendix: List of winners | |
ISBN: | 9783319274959 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Mathematical physics , Mathematical logic , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Mathematical Logic and Foundations |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319270814:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Scientific Models Red Atoms, White Lies and Black Boxes in a Yellow Book |
Author(s): |
Philip Gerlee |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (8 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-27081-4 |
Contents: | Prologue -- History.- Structure, Relation and Use -- Interviews.- Worked Examples -- Epilogue -- Further Reading |
ISBN: | 9783319270814 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical models , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Philosophy of Mathematics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319258898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics |
Author(s): |
Jean Bricmont |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (25 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-25889-8 |
Contents: | Physicists in Wonderland -- The First Mystery: Interference and Superpositions -- “Philosophical” Intermezzo -- The Second Mystery: Nonlocality -- The de Broglie-Bohm Theory -- Are There any Alternative Theories? -- Revisiting the |
History of Quantum Mechanics -- Quantum Mechanics and Our Culture | |
ISBN: | 9783319258898 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319218281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta |
Author(s): |
Kerry Kuehn |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (463 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-21828-1 |
Contents: | A New Science of Heat -- Heat, Symmetry and Mathematics -- Steam Engines and Heat Flow -- Carnot's Cycle -- Engines are Thermometers -- Temperature, Pressure and Reversibility -- The Language of Science -- Energy and Entropy -- |
Conduction of Heat -- On Radiation -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory 2 -- Dynamical and Statistical Laws -- The Discovery of the Electron -- The Mass and Velocity of a-particles -- Identifying the a Particle | |
-- Targeting the Nucleus -- Nuclear Structure -- The Discovery of the Neutron -- The Nature of the Neutron -- Corpuscles of Light -- X-Ray Optics 1 -- X-Ray Optics 2 -- Electron diffraction 1 -- Electron diffraction 2 -- The Bohr model | |
of the atom -- Atomic spectra -- The periodic table -- The Birth of the Quantum -- Matter Waves -- Quantum Orthodoxy -- Causality and Chance in Quantum Theory -- Indeterminacy -- Bohm's critique of Copenhagen | |
ISBN: | 9783319218281 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Science education , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Science Education , Cosmology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319218168:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume III: Electricity, Magnetism and Light |
Author(s): |
Kerry Kuehn |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (5 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-21816-8 |
Contents: | From the Contents: Iron, Loadstones and Terrestrial Magnetism -- The Life and Death of a Magnet -- Conservation of Electrical Charge -- Muschenbroek's Wonderful Bottle -- Thunder and Lightning -- Coulomb's Law -- The Dawn of |
Electro-Magnetism -- Electric Currents, Magnetic Forces -- Work and Weight -- Kinetic and Potential Energy -- Conservation of Energy | |
ISBN: | 9783319218168 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Atoms , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319198637:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Leibniz on the Parallel Postulate and the Foundations of Geometry The Unpublished Manuscripts |
Author(s): |
Vincenzo De Risi |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (195 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-19863-7 |
Contents: | 1.Introduction -- 2.The Theory of Parallel Lines in the Age of Leibniz -- 3.Leibniz’ Epistemology of Geometry and the Parallel Postulate -- 4.Leibniz’ Attempts to prove the Parallel Postulate -- 5.Reception and Legacy -- Leibniz’ Texts on Par allel Lines -- Bibliography |
ISBN: | 9783319198637 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Science Networks. Historical Studies: 51 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Philosophy , Geometry , History , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Geometry , History of Philosophy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642550904:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Weight of the Vacuum [electronic resource] : A Scientific History of Dark Energy |
Author(s): |
Helge S Kragh James M Overduin |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the discovery of cosmic acceleration due to dark energy, a discovery that is all the more perplexing as nobody knows what dark energy actually is. We put the modern concept ofcosmological vacuum energy into historical context and show how it grew out of disparate roots in quantum mechanics (zero-point energy) and relativity theory (the cosmological constant, Einstein's greatest blunder). These twoinfluences have remained strangely aloof and still co-exi st in an uneasy alliance that is at the heart of the greatest crisis in theoretical physics, the cosmological-constant problem |
Contents: | Early ideas of space and vacuum |
The active ether | |
Plancks second quantum theory | |
Half | |
quanta and zero | |
point energy | |
Nernsts cosmic quantum ether | |
The Hamburg connection | |
The cosmological constant | |
From Casimir to Zeldovich | |
Inflation and the false vacuum | |
Variable cosmological constants and quintessence | |
How heavy is the vacuum? | |
The accelerating universe | |
ISBN: | 9783642550904 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642451287:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Brief History of String Theory [electronic resource] : From Dual Models to M-Theory |
Author(s): |
Dean Rickles |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | During its forty year lifespan, string theory has always had the power to divide, being called both a 'theory of everything' and a 'theory of nothing'. Critics have even questioned whether it qualifies as a scientific theory atall. This book adopts a n objective stance, standing back from the question of the truthor falsity of string theory and instead focusing on how it came to be and how it came to occupy its present position in physics. An unexpectedlyrich history is revealed, with deep connections to our most well-established physical theories. Fully self-contained and written in a lively fashion, the book will appeal to a wide variety of readers from novice to specialist |
Contents: | History and Mythology |
Part I: The (Very) Early Years: 1959 | |
1973 | |
Particle Physics in the Sixties | |
The Veneziano Model | |
The Hadronic String | |
Supersymmetric Strings and Field Theoretic Limits | |
Part II: A Decade of Darkness: 1974 | |
1984 | |
An Early Demise? Theoretical Exaptation in String Theory | |
Turning Point(s) | |
Part III: String Theory Becomes Super: 1985 | |
1995 | |
Superstring Theory and the Real World | |
A 'Second Superstring Revolution' and the Future of String Theory | |
ISBN: | 9783642451287 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319063614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Reductionism, Emergence and Levels of Reality [electronic resource] : The Importance of Being Borderline |
Author(s): |
Sergio Chibbaro Lamberto Rondoni Angelo Vulpiani |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Scientists have always attempted to explain the world in terms of a few unifying principles. In the fifth century B.C. Democritus boldly claimed that reality is simply a collection of indivisible and eternal parts or atoms. Overthe centuries his doct rine has remained a landmark, and much progress in physics is due to its distinction between subjective perception and objective reality. This book discusses theory reduction in physics, which states that thewhole is nothing more than the sum of its parts : the properties of things are directly determined by their constituent parts. Reductionism deals with the relation between different theories that address different levels of reality, anduses extrapolations to apply that relation in different sciences. R eality shows a complex structure of connections, and the dream of a unified interpretation of all phenomena in several simple laws continues to attract anyone withgenuine philosophical and scientific interests. If the most radical reductionist point of vi ew is correct, the relationship between disciplines is strictly inclusive: chemistry becomes physics, biology becomes chemistry, and so on.Eventually, only one science, indeed just a single theory, would survive, with all others merging in the Theory of E verything. Is the current coexistence of different sciences a mere historical venture which will end when the Theory ofEverything has been established? Can there be a unified description of nature? Rather than an analysis of full reductionism, this book f ocuses on aspects of theory reduction in physics and stimulates reflection on related questions:is there any evidence of actual reduction? Are the examples used in the philosophy of science too simplistic? What has been endangered by the search for (the) ultimate truth? Has the dream of reductionist reason created any monsters?Is big science one such monster? What is the point of embedding science Y within science X, if predictions cannot be made on t |
Contents: | Preface |
A Galilean Dialogue | |
A random journey | |
History | |
Reductionism: the philosophical point of view | |
Reduction in physics and philosophy | |
Emergence | |
A first attempt to tame complexity | |
A short history of statistical mechanics | |
Towards a systematic theory | |
The paradigmatic Brownian motion | |
Critical Phenomena | |
Discussion | |
From microscopic to macroscopic realities | |
The problem of irreversibility | |
Irreversibility and emergence | |
From microscopic to macroscopic equations | |
From atoms to cold fronts | |
Concluding remarks | |
Determinism, chaos and reductionism | |
Ge | |
ISBN: | 9783319063614 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319059662:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Euclid Vindicated from Every Blemish [electronic resource] : Edited and Annotated by Vincenzo De Risi. Translated by G.B. Halsted and L. Allegri |
Author(s): |
Gerolamo Saccheri Vincenzo Risi |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This first complete English language edition of Euclides vindicatus presents a corrected and revised edition of the classical English translation of Saccheri's text by G.B. Halsted. It is complemented with a historicalintroduction on the geometrical environment of the time and a detailed commentary that helps to understand the aims and subtleties of the work. Euclides vindicatus, written by the Jesuit mathematician Gerolamo Saccheri, was publishedin Milan in 1733. In it, Saccheri attempted to reform elementary geometry in two important directions: a demonstration of the famous Parallel Postulate, and the theory of proportions. Both topics were of pivotal importance in themathematics of the time. In particular, the Parallel Postulate had escaped demon stration since the first attempts at it in the Classical Age, and several books on the topic were published in the Early Modern Age. At the same time, thetheory of proportion was the most important mathematical tool of the Galilean School in its pursuit o f the mathematization of nature. Saccheri's attempt to prove the Parallel Postulate is today considered the most importantbreakthrough in geometry in the 18th century, as he was able to develop for hundreds of pages and dozens of theorems a system in geom etry that denied the truth of the postulate (in the attempt to find a contradiction). This can beregarded as the first system of non-Euclidean geometry. Its later developments by Lambert, Bolyai, Lobachevsky and Gauss eventually opened the way to contempo rary geometry. Occupying a unique position in the literature of mathematicalhistory, Euclid Vindicated from Every Blemish will be of high interest to historians of mathematics as well as historians of philosophy interested in the development of non-Euclid ean geometries |
Contents: | Foreword |
Introduction | |
Euclides Vindicatus (original Latin text) | |
Euclid vindicated (English translation) | |
Notes | |
Bibliography | |
Appendices | |
Index of names | |
ISBN: | 9783319059662 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Classic Texts in the Sciences : v1 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Science History , Geometry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319036687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Carl Friedrich von Weizscker: Major Texts in Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Michael Drieschner |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizscker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in Englishfor the first time. Weiz scker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics. Later he would also become well known as a philosopher and analyst of contemporary culture. Texts includethe original publications of the Weizscker-Bethe formula of nuclear masses and the Bethe-Weizscker cycle, which explains the source of energy in the sun both were developed by Bethe at the same time and independentlyof Weizscker. Further texts deal with Weizsckers explanation of the origin of planets, his explanation of the time arrow in Statistical Mechanics and his analyses of Quantum Mechanics and the structure of physics ingeneral |
Contents: | Introduction |
On Elementary Transmutations in the Interior of Stars. Paper II | |
The Formation of the Planetary System | |
The History of Nature, Introduction | |
The Second Law and the Difference between Past and Future | |
A Sketch of the Unity of Physics | |
Quantum Theory | |
Probability and Abstract Quantum Theory | |
The Philosophy of Alternatives | |
Matter and Consciousness | |
Matter, Energy, Information | |
ISBN: | 9783319036687 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice, 2194-3125 : v22 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory , Astronomy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319021119:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Art of Science [electronic resource] : From Perspective Drawing to Quantum Randomness |
Author(s): |
Rossella Lupacchini Annarita Angelini |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Like linear perspective, complex numbers and probability are notable discoveries of the Renaissance. History has been quick to recognize the crucial impact of linear perspective on painting, but reluctant to acknowledge theimportance of complex numbe rs and probability. Both were treated with a great deal of suspicion by the scientific establishment and overlooked for many years. It was only in the twentieth century, when quantum theory defined the notionof complex probability amplitude, that complex numbers merged with probability and transformed the image of the physical world. From a theoretical point of view, however, the space opened to painting by linear perspective and thespace opened to science by complex numbers are equally valuable and share significant characteristics. By exploring that common ground, The Art of Science will lead the reader to complement Leonardos vision of painting as a scienceand to see science as an art. Its aim is to restore a visual dimension to mathematical sciences an element dulled, if not obscured, by historians, philosophers, and scientists themselves |
Contents: | From Perspective Drawing to the Eighth Dimension |
Seeing Reality in Perspective: The Art of Optics and the Science of Painting | |
The Role of Perspective in the Transformation of European Culture | |
Visual DifferentialGeometry and Beltramis Hyperbolic Plane | |
All Done by Mirrors: Symmetries, Quaternions, Spinors, and Clifford Algebras | |
Artists & Gamblers on the Way to Quantum Physics | |
Radices Sophisticae, Racines Imaginaires: The Origins of Complex Numbers in the Late Renaissance | |
Random, Complex, and Quantum | |
ISBN: | 9783319021119 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Science Philosophy , Quantum theory , Humanities |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319018874:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Essays on the Frontiers of Modern Astrophysics and Cosmology [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Santhosh Mathew |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book is a collection of engaging and intriguing essays that describe an intellectual journey from the beginning to the end of universe. It is the product of an ongoing effort to know our place in the universe and share withreaders the underpinni ngs of the magnificent cosmos where we are given a chance to exist only very briefly. The essays incorporate a group of challenging ideas that modern physics and cosmology are struggling to understand, in a uniqueway that incorporates mythological, religi ous, and philosophical perspectives. The author relies on a simple and powerful philosophy that we are part of the universe and the universe is part of us. This wonderful collection ofessays provides a journey through the current frontiers of modern astr ophysics and cosmology. Its depiction of the most important unsolved mysteries about our place in the Universe is peppered with original insights and philosophicalperspectives, making it an intellectual treat. Avi Loeb, Professor, Harvard University Chai r, Astronomy Department Director, Institute for Theory and Computation In these essays, Santhosh Mathew combines an impressive knowledgeof physics with an eye to its connection to Eastern philosophy as well as its relevance to our life in modern times. I n his thoughtful investigation of natural phenomena and their relationship to universal philosophical truths, hetakes up where The Tao of Physics leaves off. You may well find his keen curiosity about the natural world and our place in it infectious. Car ole Bugge (C. E. Lawrence), author of Strings In this informative assemblage ofengaging essays Santhosh Mathew takes the reader on a deeply human quest for truth, a truly inspiring journey that boldly addresses the big questions of what the Universe is, how it came into being, and where it may be heading. Thisexciting adventure is as much a rich scientific history of elegant physics, mathematics, and cosmology as it is a philosophical and |
Contents: | Genesis of Genesis |
Parallel Universes | |
Once Upon a Time There Was No Time or Space | |
Whats the Matter with Anti | |
matter? | |
Playing with Light | |
Dark forces in the Universe | |
Is This Universe Infinite? | |
Holographic Universe Ultimate Illusion | |
Mind Over Matter | |
The Spooky World of Quantum Entanglement | |
Hadron Collider Passport to the Universe | |
Theory of Everything | |
Are We Alone? | |
The End of Everything | |
ISBN: | 9783319018874 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Praxis Books |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Astronomy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783034808316:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic in the 1920s and 1930s in Poland [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Roman Murawski |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The aim of this book is to present and analyze philosophical conceptions concerning mathematics and logic as formulated by Polish logicians, mathematicians and philosophers in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a remarkable period inthe history of Polish sc ience, in particular in the history of Polish logic and mathematics. Therefore, it is justified to ask whether and to what extent the development of logic and mathematics was accompanied by a philosophicalreflection. We try to answer those questions by an alyzing both works of Polish logicians and mathematicians who have a philosophical temperament as well as their research practice. Works and philosophical views of the following Polishscientists will be analyzed: Wacaw Sierpiski, Zygmunt Janiszewski, Stef an Mazurkiewicz, Stefan Banach Hugo Steinhaus, Eustachy ylisk and Leon Chwistek, Jan ukasiewicz, Zygmunt Zawirski, Stanisaw Leniewski, TadeuszKotarbiski, Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Alfred Tarski, Andrzej Mostowski and Henryk Mehlberg, Jan Sleszyski, Stanisaw Zaremba and Witold Wilkosz. To indicate the background of scientists being active in the 1920s and 1930s we considerin Chapter 1 some predecessors, in particular: Jan niadecki, Jzef Maria Hoene-Wroski, Samuel Dickstein and Edward Stamm |
Contents: | Introduction |
Predecessors | |
The Polish School of Mathematics | |
Lvov | |
Warsaw School of Philosophy | |
Benedykt Bornstein | |
Cracow Centre | |
Conclusion | |
Biographical Notes | |
Bibliography | |
Index of Names | |
ISBN: | 9783034808316 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Science Networks. Historical Studies, 1421-6329 : v48 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Philosophy (General) , Logic , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781493906185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Holy Sci-Fi! [electronic resource] : Where Science Fiction and Religion Intersect |
Author(s): |
Paul J Nahin |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Can a computer have a soul? Are religion and science mutually exclusive?Is there really such a thing as free will?If you could time travel to visit Jesus, would you (and should you)?For hundreds of years, philosophers,scientists, and science fiction writers have pondered these questions and many more. In Holy Sci-Fi!, popular writer Paul Nahin explores the fertile and sometimes uneasy relationship between science fiction and religion. With a scopespanning the history of religion, philosophy, and lite rature, Nahin follows religious themes in science fiction from Feynman to Foucault, and from Asimov to Aristotle. An intriguing journey through popular and well-loved books andstories, Holy Sci-Fi! shows how sci-fi has informed humanity's attitudes toward s our faiths, our future, and ourselves |
Contents: | 1. Introduction |
Authors Note One | |
God and Skepticism | |
God, Fantasy, and Science Fiction | |
God and Science | |
Authors Note Two | |
2. Religious Science Fiction Before Science Fiction | |
The 'Start' of Modern SF | |
Before the 'Start' of SF | |
Early Theological SF | |
Theological Maturity | |
3. Time, Space, God's Omniscience, and Free Will | |
What is Time? | |
Time in SF and Theology | |
The Four | |
Dimensional World | |
The Block Universe | |
God's Omniscience in Theology and SF | |
4. Religious Robots | |
Alan Turing, Artificial Minds, and the Souls of Machines | |
Asimovs Robotic Laws | |
ISBN: | 9781493906185 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Science and Fiction, 2197-1188 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Philosophy , Science Philosophy , Technology Philosophy , Science (General) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783540708568:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Ernst Zermelo - Collected Works/Gesammelte Werke II [electronic resource] : Volume II/Band II - Calculus of Variations, Applied Mathematics, and Physics/Variationsrechnung, Angewandte Mathematik und Physik |
Author(s): |
Ernst Zermelo Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus Akihiro Kanamori |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9783540708568 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Schriften der Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften : v23 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Science History , Philosophy (General) , Computer science , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783034806008:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Visual Reasoning with Diagrams [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Amirouche Moktefi Sun-Joo Shin |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Logic, the discipline that explores valid reasoning, does not need to be limited to a specific form of representation but should include any form as long as it allows us to draw sound conclusions from given information. The use ofdiagrams has a long but unequal history in logic: The golden age of diagrammatic logic of the 19th century thanks to Euler and Venn diagrams was followed by the early 20th century's symbolization of modern logic by Frege and Russell.Recently, we have been witnessing a reviva l of interest in diagrams from various disciplines - mathematics, logic, philosophy, cognitive science, and computer science. This book aims to provide a space for this newly debated topic -the logical status of diagrams - in order to advance the goal of universal logic by exploring common and/or unique features of visual reasoning |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface |
1.What is a logical diagram? (Catherine Legg) | |
2.The geometry of diagrams and the logic of syllogisms (Richard Bosley) | |
3.A diagrammatic calculus of syllogisms (Ruggero Pagnan) | |
4.Beyond syllogisms: Carrolls (marked) quadriliteral diagram (Amirouche Moktefi) | |
5.A diagrammatic bridge between classical and fuzzy logics(Ferdinando Cavaliere) | |
6.Diagrammatic reasoning with Classes and relationships (Jrgen Fischer Nilsson) | |
7.On the completeness of spider diagrams augmented with constants (Gem Stapleton, John Howse, Simon Thompson, John Taylor and Peter C | |
ISBN: | 9783034806008 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Studies in Universal Logic |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Logic , Visualization , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642348914:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Effective Theories in Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
James D. Wells |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Brief |
Note: | Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
ISBN: | 9783642348914 |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Physics |
Series: | e-books |
Keywords: | Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642325601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Singularity Hypotheses [electronic resource] : A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment |
Author(s): |
Amnon H Eden James H Moor Johnny H Sraker Eric Steinhart |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment offers authoritative, jargon-free essays and critical commentaries on accelerating technological progress and the notion of technological singularity. It focuses onconjectures about th e intelligence explosion, transhumanism, and whole brain emulation. Recent years have seen a plethora of forecasts about the profound, disruptive impact that is likely to result from further progress in these areas.Many commentators however doubt the scie ntific rigor of these forecasts, rejecting them as speculative and unfounded. We therefore invited prominent computer scientists, physicists, philosophers, biologists, economists and otherthinkers to assess the singularity hypotheses. Their contributions go beyond speculation, providing deep insights into the main issues and a balanced picture of the debate |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Singularity Hypotheses: An Overview |
Part 1: A Singularity of Artificial Superintelligence | |
Intelligence Explosion: Evidence and Import | |
The Threat of a Reward | |
Driven Adversarial Artificial General Intelligence | |
New Millenium Al and the Convergence of History 2012 | |
Why an Intelligence Explosion is Probable | |
Part 2: Concerns About Artificial Superintelligence | |
The Singularity and Machine Ethics | |
Artificial General Intelligence and the Human Mental Model | |
Some Economic Incentives Facing a Business That Might Bring About a Technological Singularity | |
Rationally | |
shaped Artificia | |
ISBN: | 9783642325601 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Engineering , Neurosciences , Technology Philosophy , Artificial intelligence , Computer science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642232596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Arrows of Time [electronic resource] A Debate in Cosmology |
Author(s): |
Laura Mersini-Houghton Rudy Vaas |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The concept of time has fascinated humanity throughout history, and remains one of the biggest mysteries in science and philosophy. Yet a deeper understanding of nature at a fundamental level can only be achieved through acomprehension of this strang e fourth dimension. Furthermore, the origin of the universe is closely intertwined with the puzzle of time: Did time emerge at the big bang? Why does the direction of time conspire with the remarkablyordered initial state of the universe? This book addre ssesmany ofthe most important questions about time: What is time, and is it fundamental or emergent? Why is there such an arrow of time, closely related to the initial stateof the universe, and why do the cosmic, thermodynamic and other arrows agree? Thes e issues are discussed here by leading experts, and each offers a new perspective on the debate. Their contributions delve into the most difficultresearch topic in physics, also describing the latest cutting edge research on the subject. The book also off ers readers a comparison between the different outlooks of philosophy, physics and cosmology on the puzzle of time. Thisvolume is intended to be useful for research purposes, but most chapters are also accessible to a more general audience of scientifical ly educated readers looking for deeper insights. |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
The Clock Ambiguity: Implications and New Developments | |
Holographic Cosmology and the Arrow of Time | |
A Momentous Arrow of Time | |
The Phantom Bounce: A New Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology | |
The Emergent Nature of Time and the Complex Numbers in Quantum Cosmology | |
The Arrow of Time in a Dark | |
Energy | |
Dominated Universe | |
The Problem of Time for De Sitters Spacetimes | |
Fundamental Loss of Quantum Coherence from Quantum Gravity | |
Micro | |
time, Macro | |
time, and the Pseudo | |
beginning of the Big Bang | |
Open Problems Regarding the Arrow of Time | |
ISBN: | 9783642232596 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics : v172 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642232053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Classical Theory of Fields [electronic resource] Electromagnetism |
Author(s): |
Carl S Helrich |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The study of classical electromagnetic fields is an adventure. The theory is complete mathematically and we are able to present it as an example of classical Newtonian experimental and mathematical philosophy. There is a set offoundational experiment s, on which most of the theory is constructed. And then there is the bold theoretical proposal of a field-field interaction from James Clerk Maxwell. This textbook presents the theory of classical fields as amathematical structure based solidly on laborat ory experiments. Here the student is introduced to the beauty of classical field theory as a gem of theoretical physics. To keep the discussion fluid, the history is placed in a beginningchapter and some of the mathematical proofs in the appendices. Chapt ers on Greens Functions and Laplaces Equation and a discussion of Faradays Experiment further deepen the understanding. The chapter on Einsteins relativityis an integral necessity to the text. Finally, chapters on particle motion and waves in a dispersive medium complete the picture. High quality diagrams and detailed end-of-chapter questions enhance the learning experience |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Origins and Concepts |
Mathematical Background | |
Electrostatics | |
The Scalar Potential | |
Magnetostatics | |
Applications of Magnetostatics | |
Particle Motion | |
Greens Functions | |
Laplace Equation | |
Time Dependence | |
Electromagnetic Waves | |
Energy and Momentum | |
Special Relativity | |
Radiation | |
Fields in Matter | |
Waves in Dispersive Media | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783642232053 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Magnetism |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783034605045:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | New Essays on Leibniz Reception [electronic resource] : In Science and Philosophy of Science 1800-2000 |
Author(s): |
Ralf Krmer Yannick Chin-Drian |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Basel : Springer Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book is a collection of essays on the reception of Leibnizs thinking in the sciences and in the philosophy of science in the 19th and 20th centuries. Authors studied include C.F. Gauss, Georg Cantor, Kurd Lasswitz,Bertrand Russell, Ernst Cassire r, Louis Couturat, Hans Reichenbach, Hermann Weyl, Kurt Gdel and Gregory Chaitin. In addition, we consider concepts and problems central to Leibnizs thought and that of the later authors: thecontinuum, space, identity, number, the infinite and the infinit ely small, the projects of a universal language, a calculus of logic, a mathesis universalis etc. The book brings together two fields of research in the history ofphilosophy and of science (research on Leibniz, and the research concerned with some major d evelopments in the 19th and 20th centuries) it describes how Leibnizs thought appears in the works of these authors, in order to betterunderstand Leibnizs influence on contemporary science and philosophy but it also assesses that reception critically, con fronting it in particular with the current state of Leibniz research and with the various editions of hiswork |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction Ralf Krmer and Yannick Chin |
Drian | |
The idea of number from Gauss to Cantor. The Leibnizian heritage and its surpassing Philippe Sguin | |
The Reception of Leibnizs Logic in 19th Century German Philosophy Volker Peckhaus | |
Leibnizs Metaphysics as an Epistemological Obstacle to the Mathematization of Nature: the View of a Late 19th Century Neo | |
Kantian, Kurd Lasswitz Franoise Willmann | |
Peano and his School between Leibniz and Couturat: the influence in mathematics and in international language Erika Luciano | |
Couturats reception of Leibniz Anne | |
Franoise Schmid | |
ISBN: | 9783034605045 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Publications des Archives Henri Poincar Publications of the Henri Poincar Archives |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Science Philosophy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9781461445166:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Niels Bohr and Complementarity [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Arkady Plotnitsky |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Brief |
Note: | Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
ISBN: | 9781461445166 |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Physics |
Series: | e-books |
Keywords: | Quantum Physics , Philosophy of Science , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9781461424079:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Henri Poincar [electronic resource] : Impatient Genius |
Author(s): |
Ferdinand Verhulst |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book describes the life and work of Henri Poincar, detailing most of his unique achievements in mathematics and physics. It is divided into two partsthe first on Poincars life, and the second on his contributionsto the mathematical sciences. Apa rt from biographical details, attention is given to Poincars results on automorphic functions differential equations and dynamical systems celestial mechanics mathematical physics, in particularthe theory of the electron and relativity and topology (analy sis situs). A chapter on philosophy explains Poincars conventionalism in mathematics and his view of conventionalism in physics. The book shows how Poincar reachedhis fundamentally new results in many different fields, how he thought about problems, and h ow one should read his work. Simultaneously, it is made clear how analysis and geometry are intertwined in Poincars thinking and work. Indynamical systems, this becomes clear in his description of invariant manifolds, his association of differential equat ion flow with mappings, and his fixed-point theory. There is no comparable book on Poincar presenting such arelatively complete vision of his life and the working of his very original mind. Scientists and engineers as well as general readers interested in the history of science will find this book of interest. Reviews of this book:Thetitle of this biography is particularly well chosen : Henri Poincar was a true genius, and he was impatient. It gives a fair picture of both the man and the scientist, comple ted by particularly well chosen illustrations. Jean Mawhin,Universit Catholique de Louvain, Belgium Ferdinand Verhulst has written a true scientific biography, introducing Poincar the man, his cultural milieu, and his mathematics. This book shows why, a c entury after his death,Poincar's ideas still shape a substantial part of the mathematical sciences. Philip J Holmes, Princeton University, USA |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | The early years |
Academic education, 1873 | |
1879 | |
Impressive results in Vesoul and Caen | |
Career in Paris | |
The prize competition of Oscar II | |
Philosophy and essays | |
At the end, what kind of a man? | |
Automorphic functions | |
Differential equations and dynamical systems | |
Analysis Situs | |
Mathematical Physics | |
Poincar | |
Historical data and biographical details | |
References | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461424079 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9780817682682:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Excursions in the History of Mathematics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Israel Kleiner |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Boston : Birkhuser Boston |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book comprises five parts. The first three contain ten historical essays on important topics: number theory, calculus/analysis, and proof, respectively. Part four deals with several historically oriented courses, and Partfive provides biographie s of five mathematicians who played major roles in the historical events described in the first four parts of the work. Each of the first three partson number theory, calculus/analysis, and proofbeginswith a survey of the respective subject and is followe d in more depth by specialized themes. Among the specialized themes are: Fermat as the founder of modern number theory, Fermats Last Theorem from Fermat to Wiles, the historyof the function concept, paradoxes, the principle of continuity, and an historica l perspective on recent debates about proof. The fourth part contains essays describing mathematics courses inspired by history. The essays deal withnumbers as a source of ideas in teaching, with famous problems, and with the stories behind various great quotations. The last part gives an account of five mathematiciansDedekind, Euler, Gauss, Hilbert, and Weierstrasswhoselives and work we hope readers will find inspiring. Key features of the work include: * A preface describing in some detail the author's ideas on teaching mathematics courses, in particular, the role of history in such courses *Explicit comments and suggestions for teachers on how history can affect the teaching of mathematics * A description of a course in the history of mathematics taugh t in an In-Service Master's Program for high school teachers *Inclusion of issues in the philosophy of mathematics * An extensive list of relevant references at the end of each chapter. Excursions in the History of Mathematics was written with several goa ls in mind: to arouse mathematicsteachers interest in the history of their subject to encourage mathematics teachers with at least some knowledge of the history of mathe |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | A. Number Theory |
1. Highlights in the History of Number Theory: 1700 BC | |
2008 | |
2. Fermat: The Founder of Modern Number Theory | |
3. Fermat's Last Theorem: From Fermat to Wiles | |
B. Calculus/Analysis | |
4. A History of the Infinitely Small and the Infinitely Large in Calculus, with Remarks for the Teacher | |
5. A Brief History of the Function Concept | |
6. More on the History of Functions, Including Remarks on Teaching | |
C. Proof | |
7. Highlights in the Practice of Proof: 1600 BC | |
2009 | |
8. Paradoxes: What are they Good for? | |
9. Principle of Continuity: 16th | |
19th centuries | |
10 | |
ISBN: | 9780817682682 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical , Number theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9788847018365:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Giuseppe Peano between Mathematics and Logic [electronic resource] : Proceeding of the International Conference in honour of Giuseppe Peano on the 150th anniversary of his birth and the centennial of the FormularioMathematico, Turin (Italy), October 23,2008 / edited by Fulvia Skof |
Author(s): |
Fulvia Skof |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Milano : Springer Milan |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book contains the papers developing out the presentations given at the International Conference organized by the Torino Academy of Sciences and the Department of Mathematics Giuseppe Peano of the Torino University tocelebrate the 150th anniversa ry of G. Peano's birth - one of the greatest figures in modern mathematics and logic and the most important mathematical logician in Italy - a century after the publication of Formulario Mathematico, agreat attempt to systematise Mathematics in symbolic f orm |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Giuseppe Peano and Mathematical Analysis in Italy |
Some Contributions of Peano to Analysis in the Light of the Work of Belgian Mathematicians | |
Peano, his School andNumerical Analysis | |
Geometric Calculus and Geometry Foundations in Peano | |
The Formulario between Mathematics and History | |
Giuseppe Peano: a Revolutionary in Symbolic Logic? | |
At the Origins of Metalogic | |
Foundations of Geometry in the School of Peano | |
ISBN: | 9788847018365 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Science Philosophy , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9783034801393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Crossroads: History of Science, History of Art [electronic resource] : Essays by David Speiser, vol. II |
Author(s): |
Kim Williams |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Basel : Springer Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This collection of essays on relationships between science, history of science, history of art and philosophy is a multi-faceted sequel to the first volume, Discovering the Principles of Mechanics 1600-1800, publishedin 2008. During his car eer, David Speiser was first and foremost a theoretical physicist with first-hand knowledge of how fundamental research is carried out, but he was also a historian of science and editor of historical writings aswell as a keen observer of works of art and architecture. In these essays he compares and contrasts artistic creations with scientific discoveries, the work of the artist and that ofthe scientist, and process of analysis of the arthistorian to that of the historian of science. What is revealed is h ow the limits of individual disciplines can be pushed and sometimes completely overcome as the result of input from and interactions with other fields, and howprogress may even be impossible without such interactions. The reflections elucidated here refut e the idea, so engrained in our thinking today, of the two cultures, and underline the unity rather than the diversity inherent increative thought both scientific and artistic. Contained here are ten papers, all newly edited with updated references, four of which have been translated into English for the first time, and completed with an index of names. Intendedfor the specialist and non-specialist alike, these essays set before us a feast of ideas. |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Foreword |
Editors Note | |
The Symmetry of the Ornament on a Jewel of the Treasure of Mycenae | |
Arab and Pisan Mathematics in the Piazza dei Miracoli | |
Architecture, Mathematics and Theology in Raphael's Paintings | |
What can the Historian of Science Learn from the Historian of the Fine Arts? | |
The Importance of Concepts for Science | |
Remarks on Space and Time in Newton, Leibniz, Euler and in Modern Physics | |
Gruppentheorie und Quantenmechanik: The Book and its Position in Weyl's Work | |
Clifford A. Truesdell's Contributions to the Euler and the Bernoulli Editions | |
Publishing Complete | |
ISBN: | 9783034801393 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Architecture |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9780817646950:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
B.S Yadav Man Mohan |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book presents contributions of mathematicians covering topics from ancient India, placing them in the broader context of the history of mathematics. Although the translations of some Sanskrit mathematical texts are availablein the literature, In dian contributions are rarely presented in major Western historical works. Yet some of the well-known and universally-accepted discoveries from India, including the concept of zero and the decimal representation ofnumbers, have made lasting contributions to the foundation of modern mathematics. Key topics include: The work of two well-known Indian mathematicians: Brahmagupta and Bhaskaracharya The relationship of Indian mathematics to themathematics of China and Greece The transmission of mathematical ide as between the Western and non-Western world A study of Keralese mathematics and coverage of the techniques used in the ulbastras The calendrical calculations,complete with computer programs, enabling readers to determine Indian dates. Ancient Indian Leap s into Mathematics examines these ancient mathematical ideas that were spread throughout India, China, the Islamic world, and WesternEurope. Through a systematic approach, it gives an historical account of ancient Indian mathematical traditions and their influence on other parts of the world |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Foreword |
Prelude | |
Indian Mathematics in the Medieval Islamic World | |
Brahmagupta: the Ancient Indian Mathematician | |
Indian Calendrical Calculations | |
Indias contributions to Chinese Mathematics up to the Eighth Century A.D | |
Some Discussions about how Indian Trigonometry affected Chinese Calendar | |
Calculation in the Tang Dynasty | |
On the Application of Areas in the Sulbasutra | |
Indian Mathematical Tradition with special reference to Kerala: Methodology and Motivations | |
Mainland South | |
East Asia as a Crossroad of Chinese and Indian Astronomy | |
Mathematical Literature in the Reg | |
ISBN: | 9780817646950 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Philosophy, modern |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9780387848266:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Survey of the Almagest [electronic resource] With Annotation and New Commentary by Alexander Jones |
Author(s): |
Olaf Pedersen Alexander Jones |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The Almagest, by the Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy, is the most important surviving treatise on early mathematical astronomy, offering historians valuable insight into the astronomy and mathematics of the ancientworld. Pedersen's 1974 pu blication, A Survey of the Almagest, is the most recent in a long tradition of companions to the Almagest. Part paraphrase and part commentary, Pedersens work has earned the universal praise ofhistorians and serves as the definitive introductory text for students interested in studying the Almagest. In this revised edition, Alexander Jones, a distinguished authority on the history of early astronomy, providessupplementary information and commentary to the original text to account for scholarship that has appeared since 1974. This revision also incorporates various corrections to Pedersen's original text that have been identified since itspublication. This volume is intended to provide students of the history of astronomy with a self-contained introduction to the Almagest, helping them to understand and appreciate Ptolemys great and classical work. From thereviews of A Survey of the Almagest: Pedersen has performed his analysis with great care and technical accuracy. [The book] is written dearly and conci sely. It certainly achieves its aim of making the 'Almagest' accessibleand understandable to students of the history of astronomy. G. J. Toomer, Archives Internationales dHistoire des Sciences The organization of the 'Survey' is done in such a brilliant style that makes the technicallyprohibiting text of the 'Almagest' an enjoyable reading within a clear historical perspective George A. Saliba, Centaurus ['A Survey of the Almagest'] is a mine of well-organized, well-documented, carefully cross-indexedi nformation. Indeed, the general reader will find it an eye-opening introduction to Greek mathematics Victor E. Thoren, Isis |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Forward to the revised edition |
Preface | |
The almagest through the ages | |
Physics and philosophy in the almagest | |
Ptolemy as a mathematician | |
Spherical astronomy in the almagest | |
The motion of the sun | |
The theories of the moon | |
Parallaxes and eclipses | |
The fixed stars | |
The superior planets | |
The inferior planets | |
Retrograde motions and maximum elongations | |
Latitudes and visibility periods | |
Epilogue | |
the other ptolemy | |
Apendix A: dated observations | |
Appendix B: numerical parameters | |
Bibliography | |
Index of names | |
Index of subjects | |
Supplementary notes | |
Sup | |
ISBN: | 9780387848266 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783764389789:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nexus Network Journal [electronic resource] : Guarino Guarini: Open Questions, Possible Solutions |
Author(s): |
Kim Williams |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Basel : Birkhuser Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Baroque architect and mathematician Guarino Guarini is the subject of this issue of the Nexus Network Journal. A group of international scholars were invited to contribute papers that shed light on the unanswered questions inseveral areas: Baroque ar chitecture in general and Guarinis architecture in particular philosophy history of structural mechanics mathematics and history of mathematics, cosmology. As always, the NNJ takes an interdisciplinaryapproach to the broad range of subjects that Guarini c oncerned himself with, thus the final results will add significantly to our understanding of how Guarinis actual practical and technical processes were informed by knowledge ofhis multifaceted scientific and philosophical interests |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Letter from the Editor |
Letter from the Editor | |
Guarino Guarini: Open Questions, Possible Solutions | |
Reflections on the Relationship between Perspective and Geometry in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries | |
Guarino Guarini and his Grand Philosophy of Sapientia and Mathematics | |
A Structural Description of the Chapel of the Holy Shroud in Torino | |
The Unpublished Working Drawings for the Nineteenth | |
Century Restoration of the Double Structure of the Real Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Torino | |
Guarini et la structure de lUnivers | |
Guarino Guarini and Universal Mathematics | |
Projecti | |
ISBN: | 9783764389789 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Nexus Network Journal : v11,3 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Architecture |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783540921288:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Entanglement, Information, and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Gregg Jaeger |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book explores the nature of quantum entanglement and quantum information and their role in the quantum world. Their relations to a number of key experiments and thought experiments in the history of quantum physics areconsidered, as is a range o f interpretations of quantum mechanics that have been put forward as a means of understanding the fundamental nature of microphysics - the traditionally accepted domain of quantum mechanics - and in somecases, the universe as a whole. In this way, the boo k reveals the deep significance of entanglement and quantum information for our understanding of the physical world. This book is a major accomplishment and invaluable contribution --Arkady Plotnitsky An encyclopedic treatment of conceptual quantum mechan ics as seen from a very up-to-date point of view --Tom Toffoli A mine of ideas for physicists, philosophers, and all intellectuals interested in this scientificrevolution -- Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Quantum Entanglement |
Quantum Properties and Measurements | |
Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics | |
Quantum Information | |
Current Foundational Questions | |
ISBN: | 9783540921288 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Quantum theory , Quantum computing |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783540706267:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Compendium of Quantum Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Daniel Greenberger Klaus Hentschel Friedel Weinert |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | With contributions by many of today's leading quantum physicists, philosophers and historians, including three Nobel laureates, this comprehensive A to Z of quantum physics provides a lucid understanding of the key concepts ofquantum theory and exper iment. It covers technical and interpretational aspects alike, and includes both traditional topics and newer areas such as quantum information and its relatives. The central concepts that have shapedcontemporary understanding of the quantum world are cle arly defined, with illustrations where helpful, and discussed at a level suitable for undergraduate and graduate students of physics, history of science, and philosophy of physics.All articles share three main aims: (1) to provide a clear definition and u nderstanding of the term concerned (2) where possible, to trace the historical origins of the concept and (3) to provide a small but optimal selection ofreferences to the most relevant literature, including pertinent historical studies. Also discussed are the often contentious philosophical implications derived from quantum theory and its associated experimental findings. Thiscompendium will be an indispensable resource for all those seeking concise up-to-date information about the many facets of quantum physics |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Contents: Preface |
Alphabetical Compendium of Terms | |
English | |
German | |
French Lexicon of Terms | |
Author Biographies | |
ISBN: | 9783540706267 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Science Philosophy , Mathematics , Quantum theory , Quantum computing , Physics History |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783540688327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ari Ben-Menahem |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
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Note: | This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics ofscience. The 5800-page Encyclo pedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopoliticalboundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done. The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists , engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing:mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, eart h and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry),associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and mo re). The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas inthe leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scien tific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered fromthe wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9783540688327 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Geography , Life sciences , Environmental sciences , Humanities |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9781402091070:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Reality, Relativistic Causality, and Closing the Epistemic Circle [electronic resource] : Essays in Honour of Abner Shimony |
Author(s): |
Wayne C Myrvold Joy Christian |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands |
Size: | 1 online resource |
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Note: | In July 2006, a major international conference was held at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Canada, to celebrate the career and work of a remarkable man of letters. Abner Shimony, who is well known for hispioneering contributions to f oundations of quantum mechanics, is a physicist as well as a philosopher, and is highly respected among the intellectuals of both communities. In line with Shimonys conviction that philosophicalinvestigation is not to be divorced from theoretical and empi rical work in the sciences, the conference brought together leading theoretical physicists, experimentalists, as well as philosophers. This book collects twenty-threeoriginal essays stemming from the conference, on topics including history and methodology of science, Bell's theorem, probability theory, the uncertainty principle, stochastic modifications of quantum mechanics, and relativity theory.It ends with a transcript of a fascinating discussion between Lee Smolin and Shimony, ranging over the entire spectrum of Shimony's wide-ranging contributions to philosophy, science, and philosophy of science |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Passion at a Distance |
Philosophy, Methodology and History | |
Balancing Necessity and Fallibilism: Charles Sanders Peirce on the Status of Mathematics and its Intersection with the Inquiry into Nature | |
Newton's Methodology | |
Whitehead's Philosophy and Quantum Mechanics (QM) | |
Bohr and the Photon | |
Bell's Theorem and Nonlocality | |
Extending the Concept of an Element of Reality to Work with Inefficient Detectors | |
A General Proof of Nonlocality without Inequalities for Bipartite States | |
On the Separability of Physical Systems | |
Bell Inequalities: Many Questions, a Few Answers | |
ISBN: | 9781402091070 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, 1566-659X : v73 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2008-9783764388409:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Patterns of Change [electronic resource] : Linguistic Innovations in the Development of Classical Mathematics |
Author(s): |
Ladislav Kvasz |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | Basel : Birkhuser Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
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Note: | This book offers a reconstruction of linguistic innovations in the history of mathematics innovations which changed the ways in which mathematics was done, understood and philosophically interpreted. It argues that there are atleast three ways in whi ch the language of mathematics has been changed throughout its history, thus determining the lines of development that mathematics has followed. One of these patterns of change, called a re-coding, generates twodevelopmental lines. The first of them conne cting arithmetic, algebra, differential and integral calculus and predicate calculus led to a gradual increase of the power of our calculating tools, turning difficult problems of the pastinto easy exercises. The second developmental line connecting synth etic geometry, analytic geometry, fractal geometry, and set theory led to a sophistication of the ways we construct geometrical objects, altering our perception of formand increasing our sensitivity to complex visual patterns. Another important pattern of change, called relativization, is illustrated by the development of synthetic geometry, connecting Euclids geometry, projective geometry,non-Euclidean geometry, and Kleins Erlanger Programm up to Hilberts Grundlagen der Geometrie. In this development the notions of space and geometric object underwent deep and radical changes culminating in the liberation ofobjects from the supremacy of space and so bringing to existence geometric objects which space would never tolerate. The book offers tools of analysi s by means of which scholars and students of the history and philosophy of mathematicscan attain better understanding of the various changes, which the subject of their study underwent in the course of history. The book brings also important insights for mathematics education connecting growth of language with thedevelopment of mathematical thought |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface |
Introduction | |
Re | |
codings as the first pattern of change in mathematics | |
Historical description of re | |
codings | |
Philosophical reflections on re | |
codings | |
Relativizations as the second pattern of change in mathematics | |
A Historical description of relativizations in synthetic geometry | |
Historical description of relativizations in algebra | |
Philosophical reflections on relativizations | |
Re | |
formulations as a third pattern of change in mathematics | |
Re | |
formulations and concept | |
formation | |
Re | |
formulations and problem | |
solving | |
Re | |
formulations and theory | |
building | |
Mathemati | |
ISBN: | 9783764388409 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Science Networks. Historical Studies : v36 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Mathematics_$xHistory , Humanities |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2008-9780387734682:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Rise and Development of the Theory of Series up to the Early 1820s [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Giovanni Ferraro |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
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Note: | The theory of series in the 17th and 18th centuries poses several interesting problems to historians. Most of the results derived from this time were derived using methods which would be found unacceptable today, and as a result,when one looks back t o the theory of series prior to Cauchy without reconstructing internal motivations and the conceptual background, it appears as a corpus of manipulative techniques lacking in rigor whose results seem to be thepuzzling fruit of the mind of a magician or di viner rather than the penetrating and complex work of great mathematicians. This monograph not only describes the entire complex of 17th and 18th century procedures and results concerningseries, but it also reconstructs the implicit and explicit principle s upon which they are based, draws attention to the underlying philosophy, highlights competing approaches, and investigates the mathematical context where the theoryoriginated. The aim here is to improve the understanding of the framework of 17th and 18t h century mathematics and avoid trivializing the complexity of historical development by bringing it into line with modern concepts and views andby tacitly assuming that certain results belong, in some sense, to a unified theory that has come down to us t oday. Giovanni Ferraro is Professor of Mathematics and History of Mathematics at University of Molise |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | From the beginnings of the 17th century to about 1720: Convergence and formal manipulation |
Series before the rise of the calculus | |
Geometrical quantities and series in Leibniz | |
The Bernoulli series and Leibnizs analogy | |
Newtons method of series | |
Jacob Bernoullis treatise on series | |
The Taylor series | |
Quantities and their representations | |
The formal | |
quantitative theory of series | |
The first appearance of divergent series | |
From the 1720s to the 1760s: The development of a more formal conception | |
De Moivres recurrent series and Bernoullis method | |
Acceleratio | |
ISBN: | 9780387734682 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Sequences (Mathematics) , Mathematics_$xHistory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2007-9783764375249:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Tool and Object [electronic resource] : A History and Philosophy of Category Theory |
Author(s): |
Ralf Krmer |
Date: | 2007 |
Publisher: | Basel : Birkhuser Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The book is first of all a history of category theory from the beginnings to A. Grothendieck and F.W. Lawvere. Category theory was an important conceptual tool in 20th century mathematics whose influence on some mathematicalsubdisciplines (above all algebraic topology and algebraic geometry) is analyzed. Category theory also has an important philosophical aspect: on the one hand its set-theoretical foundation is less obvious than for other mathematicaltheories, and on the other hand it unifies concep tually a large part of modern mathematics and may therefore be considered as somewhat fundamental itself. The role of this philosophical aspect in the historical development is thesecond focus of the book. Relying on the historical analysis, the author de velops a philosophical interpretation of the theory of his own, intending to get closer to how mathematicians conceive the significance of their activity thantraditional schools of philosophy of science. The book is the first monography exclusively devote d to the history of category theory. To a substantial extent it considers aspects never studied before. The author uses (and justifies theuse of) a methodology combining historical and philosophical approaches. The analysis is not confined to general rema rks, but goes into considerable mathematical detail. Hence, the book provides an exceptionally thorough case studycompared with other works on history or philosophy of mathematics. The philosophical position developed here (inspired by Peircean pragmatism and Wittgenstein) is an interesting alternative to traditional approaches in philosophy ofmathematics like platonism, formalism and intuitionism |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Prelude: Poincar, Wittgenstein, Peirce, and the use of concepts |
Category theory in Algebraic Topology | |
Category theory in Homological Algebra | |
Category theory in Algebraic Geometry | |
From tool to object: full | |
fledged category theory | |
Categories as sets: problems and solutions | |
Categorial foundations | |
Pragmatism and category theory | |
ISBN: | 9783764375249 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Science Networks. Historical Studies : v32 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Algebra , Mathematics_$xHistory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2007-9783540326656:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Mechanics at the Crossroads [electronic resource] : New Perspectives from History, Philosophy and Physics |
Author(s): |
James Evans Alan S Thorndike |
Date: | 2007 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
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Note: | Quantum mechanics is a beautiful, strange and successful theory that originated in the 1920s. The theory, which Niels Bohr regarded as finished and complete, has in the last few decades rapidly developed in unexpected directions.An intense new focus on the stranger aspects of the theory, including entanglement and nonlocality, has resulted in new perceptions of the foundations of quantum mechanics, as well as surprising new exploitations of quantum phenomena.Historians and philosophers of science hav e also renewed their attention to quantum mechanics, opening up its human dimensions and asking searching questions about its meaning. This volume brings together new insights from differentvantage points: Historians of physics, such as J. L. Heilbron phi losophers of science, such as Abner Shimony and Michel Bitbol and quantum physicists, such as Wolfgang Ketterle and Roland Omns, join forces to tackle essentialquestions in quantum mechanics and its interpretation. All the authors have written for a broad readership, and the resulting volume will appeal to everyone wishing to keep abreast of new developments in quantum mechanics, as well asits history and philosophy |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | From the contents: Introduction |
Max Planck's Compromises on the Way to and from the Absolute | |
Atomic Waves in Private Practice | |
A Complementary Opposition: Louis de Broglie and Werner Heisenberg | |
Schrdinger Against Particles and Quantum Jumps | |
Aspects of Nonlocality in Quantum Mechanics | |
Decoherence and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics | |
What Are Consistent Histories? | |
Bose | |
Einstein Condensation: Identity Crisis for Indistinguishable Particles | |
Quantum Fluctuations of Light: A Modern Perspective on Wave/Particle Duality | |
Quantum Entanglement as a Resource for Communicat | |
ISBN: | 9783540326656 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Quantum theory , Physics History |
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