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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD HISTORY,ANCIENT *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/22634.94 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword history,ancient ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319460406:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Invention of Time and Space Origins, Definitions, Nature, Properties
Author(s): Patrice F Dassonville
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 176 p. 46 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- The Main Issues -- The Failure of Dialectics -- Reality, Concepts, and Models -- Origins of Time and Space -- Definitions and Nature of Time -- Definitions and Nature of Space -- Mathematical Properties of Time and
Space -- Historical Overview of Time and Space -- First Consequences of Non-Existence -- Conclusion -- Specific Glossary
ISBN:9783319460406
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , History, Ancient , Ontology , Philosophy and science , Anthropology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Anthropology , Ontology , Ancient History
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Call number:9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.)
Contents:Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre­-Philosophical Period by Michael
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan --
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C.
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems:
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. <
ISBN:9783319444185
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics
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Call number:9783319394459:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Maths Meets Myths: Quantitative Approaches to Ancient Narratives
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (X, 228 p. 64 illus., 47 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Preface -- Foreword -- Introduction -- Cognitive and Network Constraints in Real Life and Literature -- A Networks Approach to Mythological Epics -- Medieval Historical, Hagiographical and Biographical Networks -- Peopling of the New
World from data on distributions of folklore motifs -- Phylogenetics Meets Folklore: Bioinformatic Approaches to the Study of International Folktales -- Analyses of a VirtualWorld -- Ghostscope: Conceptual Mapping of Supernatural
Phenomena in a Large Folklore Corpus -- Complex Networks of Words in Fables -- Analysing and Restoring the Chronology of the Irish Annals -- Mapping Literate Networks in Early Medieval Ireland Quantitative Realities, Social
Mythologies? -- How quantitative methods can shed light on a problem of comparative mythology: The myth of the struggle for supremacy between two groups of deities reconsidered
ISBN:9783319394459
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , History , Medieval philosophy , Historical linguistics , Social sciences , Physics , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks , History, general , Methodology of the Social Sciences , Historical Linguistics , Medieval Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662486382:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bayesians Versus Frequentists A Philosophical Debate on Statistical Reasoning
Author(s): Jordi Vallverdú
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (110 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48638-2
Contents:Some Questions to Begin with -- Ancient Statistics History in a Nutshell -- The Bayesian Approach and its Evolution until the Beginning of 20th Century -- A Conceptual Reply to Reverend Bayes: the Frequentist Approach -- The Co-evolution, Battles a nd Fights of Both Paradigms -- The Birth of Multicausality as the Death of Causality and Their Statistical Corollaries.- Natural vs. Artificial Minds and the Supercomputing Era -- And the Winner is... -- References
ISBN:9783662486382
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Philosophy , History , Philosophy and science , Mathematics , Statistics , Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History of Mathematical Sciences , History of Science , Statistical Theory and Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662484470:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Decoding the Mechanisms of Antikythera Astronomical Device
Author(s): Jian-Liang Lin
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (141 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48447-0
Contents:A Sketch of Ancient Western Astronomy -- Ancient Astronomical Instruments -- Amazing Discovery of Archaeology -- Modern Reconstruction Research -- Reconstruction Design Methodology -- Reconstruction Designs of the Calendrical
Subsystem -- Reconstruction Designs of the Lunar Subsystem -- Reconstruction Designs of the Solar Subsystem -- Reconstruction Designs of the Planetary Subsystem -- Reconstruction Designs of the Moon Phase Display Device -- Assembly
Work and Models
ISBN:9783662484470
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , History , Science education , Machinery , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Machinery and Machine Elements , Science Education , History of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319317083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Demons of Science What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World
Author(s): Friedel Weinert
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (8 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31708-3
Contents:I. Thought Experiments: Thought Experiments in Ancient Greece -- What Thought Experiments Represent -- Models and Thought Experiments -- The Function of Thought Experiments -- What Thought Experiments Tell Us and Don’t Tell Us About
the World -- Enter the Demons -- II. Laplace's Demon: Laplace’s Demon: Causal and Predictive Determinism -- Causality, Determinism and the Block Universe -- The Time-Reversal Invariance of Fundamental Laws -- Determinism and Its
Implications -- Determinism and Free Will -- What Laplace's Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the World -- III. Maxwell's Demon: Local and Cosmic Arrows of Time -- Maxwell’s Demon -- Loschmidt’s Demon: Reversibility and
Irreversibility -- Indeterminism -- Indeterminism and Free Will -- Entropy -- The Past-Future Asymmetry -- What Maxwell’s Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the World -- IV. Nietzsche's Demon: The Eternal Recurrence of Events --
Landsberg’s Demon -- Physical and Phenomenal Time -- The Evolution of the Universe -- Time and Change -- Is There a Master Arrow of Time? -- What Landsberg’s Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the Arrows of Time.
ISBN:9783319317083
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Popular Science in Physics , Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319236001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy in the Ancient World Early and Modern Views on Celestial Events
Author(s): Alexus McLeod
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (34 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-23600-1
Contents:Introduction -- The Americas -- Supernovae -- China -- Comets -- India -- Eclipses -- Europe and the West -- Astronomy Today
ISBN:9783319236001
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Science , Anthropology , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Anthropology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642367366:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Alexandria, Through Baghdad [electronic resource] : Surveys and Studies in the Ancient Greek and Medieval Islamic Mathematical Sciences in Honor of J.L. Berggren
Author(s): Nathan Sidoli
Glen Van Brummelen
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book honors the career of historian of mathematics J.L. Berggren, his scholarship, and service to the broader community. The first part, of value to scholars, graduate students, and interested readers, is a survey ofscholarship in the mathematic al sciences in ancient Greece and medieval Islam. It consists of six articles (three by Berggren himself) covering research from the middle of the 20th century to the present. The remainder of the bookcontains studies by eminent scholars of the ancient an d medieval mathematical sciences. They serve both as examples of the breadth of current approaches and topics, and as tributes to Berggren's interests by his friends andcolleagues
Contents:History of Greek Mathematics
Mathematical Reconstructions Out, Textual Studies in
Research on Ancient Greek Mathematical Sciences
History of Mathematics in the Islamic World
Mathematics and Her Sisters in Medieval Islam
A Survey of Research in the Mathematical Sciences in Medieval Islam from 1996 to 2011
The Life of Pi: From Archimedes to ENIAC and Beyond
Mechanical Astronomy: A Route to the Ancient Discovery of Epicycles and Eccentrics
Some Greek Sundial Meridians
An Archimedean Proof of Herons Formula for the Area of a Triangle
Reading the Lost Folia of the A
ISBN:9783642367366
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642364471:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Balances [electronic resource] : Instruments, Manufacturers, History
Author(s): Erich Robens
Shanath Amarasiri A Jayaweera
Susanne Kiefer
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The book deals mainly with direct mass determination by means of a conventional balances. It covers the history of the balance from the beginnings in Egypt earlier than 3000 BC to recent developments. All balance types aredescribed with emphasis on s cientific balances. Methods of indirect mass determination, which are applied to very light objects like molecules and the basic particles of matter and celestial bodies, are included. As additionalguidance, todays manufacturers are listed and the profile of important companies is reviewed. Several hundred photographs, reproductions and drawings show instruments and their uses. This book includes commercial weighinginstruments for merchandise and raw materials in workshops as well as symbolic weighing in the ancient Egyptians ceremony of Weighing of the Heart, the Greek fate balance, the Roman Justitia, Juno Moneta and Middle Agesscenes of the Last Judgement with Jesus or St. Michael and of modern balances. The photographs are selected from the slide-arch ives of the late Richard Vieweg (1896-1972) (former President of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt,Braunschweig, Germany), of the late Hans R. Jenemann (1920-1966) (former head of the Analytical Laboratory of Schott & Gen., Mainz, Germany) and of his wife Irene (1933-2008) and of Erich Robens
Contents:Mass and gravity
Weights
Weighing
Balances
Balances for special applications
Balance as symbol and art object
Documentation and archiving
Weighing scales manufacturers
ISBN:9783642364471
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319042923:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:History and Evolution of Concepts in Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Harry Varvoglis
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Our understanding ofnature, and in particular of physics and the laws governing it, has changed radically since the days of the ancient Greek natural philosophers. This book explains how and why these changes occurred, throughlandmark experiments as well as theories that - for their time - wererevolutionary. The presentation covers Mechanics, Optics, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, Relativity Theory, Atomic Physicsand Quantum Physics. The book placesemphasis on ideas and on a qualitative presentati on, rather than on mathematics and equations. Thus, althoughprimarily addressed to those who are studying or have studied science,it can alsobe read by non-specialists. The authorconcludeswith a discussion ofthe evolution and organization of universities, from ancient times until today, and ofthe organization and dissemination of knowledge through scientific publications and conferences
Contents:Part I From Ancient Greece to the Renaissance
Physical Sciences and Physics
The Ideas of Greeks About Nature
From the Classical Era to the Renaissance
Part II From the Renaissance to the Present Era
The Major Branchesof Physics
Mechanics
Optics
Static Magnetism and Electricity
Electric Currents and Electromagnetism
Heatand Thermodynamics
Kinetic Theory of Ideal Gases
Physics of the 20th Century
Lessons from Three Centuries of Physics
Organization of Teaching and Research
ISBN:9783319042923
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319029016:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stratonauts [electronic resource] : Pioneers Venturing into the Stratosphere
Author(s): Manfred Dutch Ehrenfried
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Stratonauts chronicles humankinds quest for ever higher altitudes from ancient times to the present. It is based upon history, science and technology, and tells some interesting and fascinating stories along the way. It paystribute to those killed wh ile attempting to reach the stratosphere over the past several centuries. Dutch von Ehrenfried uses his personal experience as a NASA sensor operator on the RB-57F, flying to an altitude of 70,000feet, as well as the input and experience from other RB-57 F, U-2, A-12, SR-71 and F-104 pilots. Although many of the aircraft and balloons are described, more emphasis is placed on the crews and what they went through. This book isintended for aviators of all kinds and flying enthusiasts in general
Contents:Introduction
The Atmosphere
The Problems
Pressure Suit History
The Ancient Would
Be Stratonauts
The Early War Years
The Exploration Years
The Experimental Pilots
The U2 Stratonauts
The Blackbird Stratonauts
The Long Wing Stratonauts
Other Unique High Altitude Aircraft
Modern Aeronauts
Qualifications & Training
ISBN:9783319029016
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Science History , Astrophysics , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319007502:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Aristotle to Schrdinger [electronic resource] : The Curiosity of Physics
Author(s): Antonis Modinos
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:From Aristotle to Schrdinger: The Curiosity of Physics offers a novel introduction to the topics commonly encountered in the first two years of an undergraduate physics course, including classical mechanics, thermodynamics andstatistical mechanics, e lectromagnetism, relativity, quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular physics, and astrophysics. The book presents physics as it evolved historically it covers in considerable depth the development of thesubject from ancient Greece to the present day. Thou gh the emphasis is on the observations, experiments, theories, and applications of physics, there are additionally short sections on the life and times of the main protagonists ofphysics. This book grew out of the author's long experience in giving underg raduate and graduate courses in classical physics and in quantum mechanics and its elementary applications. Although meant primarily for the student andteacher of physics, it will be of interest to other scientists and to historians of science, and to tho se who wish to know something about physics, how it started, and how it developed to its present day magnificence andsophistication
Contents:The Language of Physics
The Dawn of Science
Astronomy Paves the Way
Galileo: His Life and Work
The 17th Century: The Bloom of Science
Isaac Newton
Classical Mechanics
The Beginnings of Chemistry
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
Electromagnetism
Cathode Rays and X
Rays
Einsteins Theory of Relativity
Quantum Mechanics
Atoms, Molecules and Solids
The Very Small and The Very Large
Appendix A: Notes on Mathematics
Appendix B: Physical Constants
ISBN:9783319007502
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Quantum theory , Mathematical physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461470434:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Orrery [electronic resource] : A Story of Mechanical Solar Systems, Clocks, and English Nobility
Author(s): Tony Buick
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:To find the true story of the orrery, this book takes the reader tothe vibrant, tumultous London of the 1600s.A mechanical model that shows the movements of the Moon and planets, the orrery takes its name from the Boylefamily the Earls of Orrery. He re is the fascinating story of theorigins ofthis intricatedevice. Orreries are found everywhere. They appear in paintings, on the side of royal clocks, in stately home hallways, and of course, inmuseums all over the world. Scientific instruments to demons trate the movements of the planetsand predict their positions using measuring devices, they were devised largely by clockmakers, but many others played a role too and aregiven due credit. The story of the Boyles is not just relevant to a tiny corner of Ir eland, but spans history. Orrery highlights the process of discovery and humankinds universal fascination with the heavens, providing afascinating example of the relationship between innovative thinking (invention) and precision engineering (execution). I t willappeal to anyone interested in popular astronomy, astronomical mechanical devices, scientific instruments,the history of clocks - and even the history of aristocratic and prestigious families!
Contents:Ancient Forms of Orreries
Development of Scientific and Astronomical Instruments
Tompion and Tellurions
The Age of Clocks and Precision Engineering
George Graham, the Clockmaker
John Rowley and the Earl of Orrery
The Earl of Orrery
Orreries
The Legacy
ISBN:9781461470434
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319015774:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Real Numbers [electronic resource] An Introduction to Set Theory and Analysis
Author(s): John Stillwell
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:While most texts on real analysis are content to assume the real numbers, or to treat them only briefly, this text makes a serious study of the real number system and the issues it brings to light. Analysis needs the real numbersto model the line, an d to support the concepts of continuity and measure. But these seemingly simple requirements lead to deep issues of set theoryuncountability, the axiom of choice, and large cardinals. In fact, virtually all theconcepts of infinite set theory are needed fo r a proper understanding of the real numbers, and hence of analysis itself. By focusing on the set-theoretic aspects of analysis, this text makes the best of two worlds: it combines adown-to-earth introduction to set theory with an exposition of the essen ce of analysisthe study of infinite processes on the real numbers. It is intended for senior undergraduates, but it will also be attractive to graduate studentsand professional mathematicians who, until now, have been content to assume the real numbers. I ts prerequisites are calculus and basic mathematics. Mathematical history is woven into the text, explaining how the concepts of realnumber and infinity developed to meet the needs of analysis from ancient times to the late twentieth century. This rich pr esentation of history, along with a background of proofs, examples, exercises, and explanatory remarks, will helpmotivate the reader. The material covered includes classic topics from both set theory and real analysis courses, such as countable and uncoun table sets, countable ordinals, the continuum problem, the CantorSchrderBernsteintheorem, continuous functions, uniform convergence, Zorn's lemma, Borel sets, Baire functions, Lebesgue measure, and Riemann integrable functions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Fundamental Questions
From Discrete to Continuous
Infinite Sets
Functions and Limits
Open Sets and Continuity
Ordinals
The Axiom of Choice
Borel Sets
Measure Theory
Reflections
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783319015774
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, 0172-6056
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461472735:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Problem-Solving and Selected Topics in Euclidean Geometry [electronic resource] : In the Spirit of the Mathematical Olympiads
Author(s): Sotirios E Louridas
Michael Th Rassias
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Problem-Solving and Selected Topics in Euclidean Geometry: In the Spirit of the Mathematical Olympiads contains theorems of particular value for the solution of Olympiad-caliber problems in Euclidean Geometry. Selected geometricproblems, which have b een given in International Mathematical Olympiads (IMO) or proposed in short lists in IMO, are discussed. Additionally, a number of new problems proposed by leading mathematicians in the subject with theirstep-by-step solutions are presented. The book tea ches mathematical thinking through Geometry and provides inspiration for both students and teachers. From the Foreword: Young people need such texts, grounded in our sharedintellectual history and challenging them to excel and create a continuity with the past. Geometry has seemed destined to give way in our modern computerized world to algebra. As with Michael Th. Rassias previous homonymous book onnumber theory, it is a pleasure to see the mental discipline of the ancient Greeks so well represented to a youthful audience. Michael H. Freedman (Fields Medal in Mathematics, 1986) Sotirios E. Louridas has studied Mathematicsat the University of Patras, Greece. He has been an active member of the Greek Mathematical Society for several years both as a proble m poser and a coach of the Greek Mathematical Olympiad team. He has authored in Greek, a number ofbooks in Mathematics. Michael Th. Rassias has received several awards in mathematical problem-solving competitions including two gold medals at the Pan-Helle nic Mathematical Olympiads of 2002 and 2003 (Athens, Greece), a silver medalat the Balkan Mathematical Olympiad of 2002 (Targu Mures, Romania) and a silver medal at the 44th International Mathematical Olympiad of 2003 (Tokyo, Japan). He holds a Diploma fr om the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering ofthe National Technical University of Athens and a Master of Advanced Study in Mathematics from the University of Cambridge. He is
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Basic Concepts and Theorems of Euclidean Geometry
Methods of Analysis, Synthesis, Construction and Proof
Geometrical Constructions
Geometrical Loci
Problems of Olympiad Caliber
Solutions of the Problems
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9781461472735
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry, algebraic , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461469490:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Moon's Near Side Megabasin and Far Side Bulge [electronic resource]
Author(s): Charles Byrne
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since Luna and Lunar Orbiter photographed the far side of the Moon, the mysterious dichotomy between the face of the Moon as we see it from Earth and the side of the Moon that is hidden has puzzled lunar scientists. As we learnedmore from the Apollo sample return missions and later robotic satellites, the puzzle literally deepened, showing asymmetry of the crust and mantle, all the way to the core of the Moon. This book summarizes the authors successfulsearch for an ancient impact feature, the Near S ide Megabasin of the Moon and the extensions to impact theory needed to find it. The implications of this ancient event are developed to answer many of the questions about the history ofthe Moon
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Chapter 1: The asymmetric nature of the Moon differences between the near and far sides
Chapter 2: Impact dynamics from craters to ringed basins to giant basins
Chapter 3: A model of large lunar impact cavities and their external ejecta
Chapter 4: The search for ancient impacts
Chapter 5: The Near Side Megabasin
Chapter 6: Age of the Near Side Megabasin
Chapter 7: The far side megabasin (the South Pole Aitken Basin)
Chapter 8: A dynamic model of the history of the Moon
Chapter 9: Implications to the surface mineral distribution and thermal history of
ISBN:9781461469490
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Astronomy, 2191-9100
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mineralogy , Planetology , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642291630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometry by Its History [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Ostermann
Gerhard Wanner
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:In this textbook the authors present first-year geometry roughly in the order in which it was discovered. The first five chapters show how the ancient Greeks established geometry, together with its numerous practical applications,while more recent fi ndings on Euclidian geometry are discussed as well. The following three chapters explain the revolution in geometry due to the progress made in the field of algebra by Descartes, Euler and Gauss. Spatial geometry,vector algebra and matrices are treated in chapters 9 and 10. The last chapteroffers an introduction to projective geometry, which emerged in the19th century. Complemented by numerous examples, exercises, figures and pictures, thebook offers both motivation and insightful explanations, and provid es stimulating and enjoyable reading for students and teachers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Classical Geometry
Thales and Pythagoras
The Elements of Euclid
Conic Sections
Further Results on Euclidean Geometry
Trigonometry
Part II: Analytic Geometry
Descartes' Geometry
Cartesian Coordinates
To be Constructible, or not to be
Spatial Geometry and Vector Algebra
Matrices and Linear Mappings
Projective Geometry
Solutions to Exercises
References
Figure Source and Copyright
Index
ISBN:9783642291630
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, 0172-6056
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry, algebraic , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783034804936:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Plane Algebraic Curves [electronic resource] : Translated by John Stillwell
Author(s): Egbert Brieskorn
Horst Knrrer
Date:2012
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In a detailed and comprehensive introduction to the theory of plane algebraic curves, the authors examine this classical area of mathematics that both figured prominently in ancient Greek studies and remains a source ofinspiration and topic of resear ch to this day. Arising from notes for a course given at the University of Bonn in Germany, Plane Algebraic Curves reflects the authors concern for the student audience through emphasis uponmotivation, development of imagination, and understanding of basi c ideas. As classical objects, curves may be viewed from many angles this text provides a foundation for the comprehension and exploration of modern work onsingularities. --- In the first chapter one finds many special curves with very attractive geometr ic presentations the wealth of illustrations is a distinctive characteristic of this book and an introduction toprojective geometry (over the complex numbers). In the second chapter one finds a very simple proof of Bezouts theorem and a detailed discuss ion of cubics. The heart of this book and how else could it be with the first author is the chapter on the resolution of singularities (always over the complex numbers). () Especially remarkable is the outlook to further work on the topics discussed, wit h numerous references to the literature. Many examplesround off this successful representation of a classical and yet still very much alive subject. (Mathematical Reviews)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I. History of algebraic curves
1. Origin and generation of curves
2. Synthetic and analytic geometry
3. The development of projective geometry
II. Investigation of curves by elementary algebraic methods
4. Polynomials
5. Definition and elementary properties of plane algebraic curves
6. The intersection of plane curves
7. Some simple types of curves
III. Investigation of curves by resolution of singularities
8. Local investigations
9. Global investigations
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783034804936
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Modern Birkhuser Classics
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry, algebraic , Algebra , Algebraic topology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461437826:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy: Procedure Texts [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mathieu Ossendrijver
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy: Procedure Texts contains a new analysis of the procedure texts of Babylonian mathematical astronomy. These cuneiform tablets, excavated in Babylon and Uruk and dating from 35050 BCE, containcomputational instruction s that represent the earliest known form of mathematical astronomy of the ancient world. The targeted readership includes assyriologists, historians of science, astronomers and others with an interest inBabylonian astronomy. The book includes new translat ions of all 108 available tablets that are based on a modern approach incorporating recent insights from assyriology and translation science. All translations are accompanied bycommentaries and photographs of the tablets. The preceding chapters are devote d to documentary, lexical, semantic, mathematical and astronomical aspects of the procedure texts. Special attention is given to issues of mathematicalrepresentation, a topic that had previously been largely ignored. Mathematical concepts are presented in a didactic fashion, setting out from the most elementary ones (numbers and elementary operations) to more complex ones (algorithmsand computational systems). Chapters devoted to the planets and the Moon contain updated and expanded reconstructions and as tronomical interpretations of the algorithms. The author intends to continue his study of Babylonianmathematical astronomy with a new publication devoted to the Tabular Textsthe end products of Babylonian mathematical astronomy, computed with algorithms t hat are formulated in the present volume. The upcoming volume will containnew editions and reconstructions of over 250 tabular texts and a new philological, astronomical, and mathematical analysis of these texts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and symbols
1. Procedure texts
2. Mathematical concepts from numbers to computational systems
3. Planets
4. Moon
5. Critical editions
Appendices
Glossary
Bibliography
Indices
ISBN:9781461437826
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History , Oriental languages , Semitic languages , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461430490:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Andromeda Galaxy and the Rise of Modern Astronomy [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Schultz
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The Andromeda Galaxy - Messier's M31 - has an almost romantic appeal. It is the most distant object and the only extragalactic object that is visible to the unaided human eye. It is also almost a twin of the Milky Way Galaxy andour neighbor in space, now known to be about 2.5 million light-years away. The Andromeda Galaxy and the Rise of Modern Astronomy examines ancient and modern astronomical studies of Andromeda and the galaxy's critical role in thedevelopment of the science of astrophysics and ou r growing knowledge of the universe. At the start of the twentieth century the universe was thought of asa finite cosmos dominated by the Milky Way. The study of Andromeda shatteredthat image, leading ultimately to the conception of an infinite universe o f countless galaxies and vast distances. Even today, M31 is a major source of new astronomical discoveries, and it also remains one of the most popular (andrewarding) celestial objects for amateur astronomers to observe and study. Andromeda was once a pop ular object of folklore and later became central to our understanding of the universe. For all who are interested in astronomy, theskies, and perhaps even the origins of the universe, The Andromeda Galaxy and the Rise of Modern Astronomy provides a first- of-its-kind accessible, informative, and highly readable account of how the study and observation of thiscelestial object has driven the development of astronomy from ancient times to the present
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: The Wonder of Andromeda Galaxy
Chapter 2: Early Depictions of Andromeda
Chapter 3: A Single Closed Theory of the Universe
Chapter 4: Andromeda and the Technological Revolution in Astronomy
Chapter 5: Andromeda and Astronomy at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century
Chapter 6: The Andromeda Nebula and the Great Island
Universe Debate
Chapter 7: Edwin Hubble, an Infinite Universe, and the Classification of Galaxies
Chapter 8: Andromeda, Galactic Redshift, and the Big Bang Theory
Chapter 9: Andromeda, Cosmology, and Post
World War II Astronomy
Chapter 10: Ast
ISBN:9781461430490
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461421498:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ancient Astronomical Observations and the Study of the Moons Motion (1691-1757) [electronic resource]
Author(s): John M Steele
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Historians of astronomy, historians of the ancient world, and astronomers will be enriched by the unique and captivating topics covered in this book. This volume contains the first detailed study of the use of ancient andmedieval astronomical observa tions in order to investigate the moons secular accelerationfrom its discovery by Edmond Halley to the establishment of the magnitude of the acceleration by Richard Dunthorne, Tobias Mayer andJrme Lalande in the 1740s and 1750s. The discovery of a gradual acceleration in the moons mean motion by Halley in the last decade of the seventeenth century sparked a revival of interest in reports of astronomical observationsfrom antiquity. These observations provided the only means with which to study the moons se cular acceleration as this newly-discovered acceleration became known. John M. Steele tells the story of how the secularacceleration of the moon was discovered, the reception of its discovery, and the first attempts to determine its size of the accelerat ion from historical data. Additionally, this study addresses the wider question of how ancient andmedieval astronomy was viewed in the eighteenth century particularly European perceptions of ancient Greek, Arabic, Babylonian, and Chinese astronomy. Makin g extensive use of previously unstudied manuscripts, this book explores howdifferent astronomers used the same small body of preserved ancient observations in different ways in their work on the secular acceleration. Further, the broader context of the st udy of the moons secular acceleration, includingits use in debates of biblical chronology and the use of astronomy in determining geographical longitude, are examined
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Introduction
2. Edmond Halleys Discovery of the Secular Acceleration of the Moon
3. A Forgotten Episode in the History of the Secular Acceleration: William Whiston, Arthur Ashley Sykes and the Eclipse of Phlegon
4. The Gradual Acceptance of the Existence of the Secular Acceleration During the 1740s
5. Eighteenth Century Views of Ancient Astronomy
6. The First Detailed Study of the Moons Secular Acceleration: Richard Dunthorne
7. An Integrated Approach: Tobias Mayer
8. The Final Synthesis: Jrme Lalande
9. Epilogue
References
Index
ISBN:9781461421498
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461409175:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Star Maps [electronic resource] : History, Artistry, and Cartography
Author(s): Nick Kanas
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Star Maps captures the beauty and awe of the heavens through celestial prints and star atlases. It traces the history of celestial cartography and relates this history to the changing ideas of humanity's place in the universe. Thetext of this Second Edition is enriched with 263 photographs, 91 in color, showing images from actual antiquarian celestial books and atlases, each one with an explanation of its astronomical and cartographic features. This new editionof Star Maps: History, Artistry, and Car tography includes: - over 50 new pages of text and 44 new images (16 in color) - completely new sections on celestial frontispieces, deep-sky objects, playing card maps, additional cartographers,and modern computerized star maps - updated figures and text about celestial globes, volvelles, telescopes, and planets and asteroids - revised and updated text and illustrations throughout. The book focuses on the development ofcelestial cartography from ancient to modern times and describes the relationships bet ween different star maps and atlases. It demonstrates contemporary cosmological ideas, constellation representations, and cartographic advances.Uniquely, it contains material on early American influences and non-European constellation representations. Thi s book is a must-have reference for anyone interested in the workings of the heavens
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prefac to Second Edition
Foreword to First Edition
Preface to First Edition
Acknowledgments
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of abbreviations and acronyms
Chapter 1: What is a star map?
Chapter 2: Non
European cosmology and constellation development
Chapter 3: European Cosmology
Chapter 4: European constellation development
Chapter 5: Early European star maps
Chapter 6: The Big Four of the Golden Age of pictorial star maps
Chapter 7: Other important star maps of the Golden Age
Chapter 8: Special topics
Chapter 9: Mapping the stars in early Amer
ISBN:9781461409175
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Geographical information systems , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461406167:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Invisibility [electronic resource] A Story of Light and Deception
Author(s): Martin Beech
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Arthur C. Clarke famously wrote that, any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. These words most certainly ring true with respect to invisibility cloaking devices. At work is the magic of science,of course. The technology to make an object simply disappear from view is now a reality. There is both great fear and great desire in the thought of invisibility. Indeed, for thousands of years, authors have grappled with the idea.Power, devilry, secrecy, ethical dilemma, and mora l corruption - invisibility has it all. And yet, our waking world is full of familiar invisible phenomena. Electricity flowing along a metal wire, the gravity that keeps us grounded,the air we breathe, the bacteria and viruses that make us ill,the X-rays that reveal our broken bones - all are invisible to our eyes. They surround and envelop us, and we don't give them a second thought. Nature long ago learned howto play tricks with light rays, enriching the world with rainbows, mirages, and animal camoufla ge. The new physics of invisibility simply aims to take these tricks of nature a few steps further. Indeed, by learning what light is andhow it interacts with matter, physicists have begun to take control of light - with metamaterials, which, manmade, can be precisely melded, warped, twisted, transformed, and even time-edited. In this book the ancient and modern storyof light and invisibility is revealed, from early Greek speculations to the remarkable works of James Clerk Maxwell. The new and burgeoning field of transformation optics is also explored, and the story behind the development of thefirst fully functional invisibility cloak is charted. What will they be used for and how will they change things? Find out here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Chapter 1: Of All Things Visible and Invisible
Chapter 2: A Very Brief History of Light
Chapter 3: Mirror Tricks, the Art of Cloaking and Seeing the Impossible
Chapter 4: Maxwell's Marvelous Waves
Chapter 5: The Metamaterial Revolution
Afterword
Appendices
Index
ISBN:9781461406167
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461401469:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Edmond Halleys Reconstruction of the Lost Book of Apolloniuss Conics [electronic resource] : Translation and Commentary
Author(s): Michael N Fried
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Apolloniuss Conics was one of the greatest works of advanced mathematics in antiquity. The work comprised eight books, four of which have come down to us in their original Greek and three in Arabic. By the time the Arabictranslations were produced, t he eighth book had already been lost. In 1710, Edmond Halley, then Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford, produced an edition of the Greek text of the Conics of Books I-IV, a translation into Latin fromthe Arabic versions of Books V-VII, and a reconstr uction of Book VIII. Motivated by such questions as what role did Halley's reconstruction play in the mathematical world of the late 17th and early 18th century? and what did Halleysee himself learning from engaging with mathematicians such as Apollonius? , Michael Frieds work provides the first completeEnglish translation of Halleys reconstruction of Book VIII withsupplementary notes on the text. Thevolume also contains an introduction discussing aspects of Apolloniuss Conics, an investigation of Edmond H alley's understanding ofthe nature of his venture into ancient mathematics, and appendices giving brief accounts ofApolloniuss approach to conic sections and his mathematical techniques. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers inte rested in the history ofancientGreekmathematics and mathematics in the early modernperiod.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I. Introduction
1. Edmond Halley: Ancient and Modern
2. Apolloniuss Conics
3. The Path to Halley
4. Halley's General Strategy for Reconstructing Conics, Book VIII
5. Halleys Dialogue with the Past
6. A Note on the Translation
II. Apollonius of Pergas On Conics: Book Eight Restored
III.Synopsis and Appendices
Synopsis of the Contents of Halley's Conics, Book VIII
Appendix 1: Terminology and Notions from Greek Mathematics
Appendix 2: Hippocrates' First Quadrature of a Lune
References
Index
ISBN:9781461401469
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441968036:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Power of Stars [electronic resource] How Celestial Observations Have Shaped Civilization
Author(s): Bryan E Penprase
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:What are some of the connections that bind us to the stars? How have these connections been established? And how have people all around the world and throughout time reacted to the night sky, the sun and moon, in their poetry,mythology, rituals, and temples? This book explores the influence of the sky on both ancient and modern civilization, by providing a clear overview of the many ways in which humans have used the stars as an ordering principle in theircultures, and which today still inspire us in tellectually, emotionally, and spiritually. The book explores constellation lore from around the world, celestial alignments of monuments and temples, both from ancient and moderncivilizations, and the role the sky has played in the cultures of the Greek, Egyptian, Babylonian, Native American, Chinese, Mayan, Aztec, and Inca. Models of the universe from each of these cultures are described clearly, and eachcultures explanation of the stars, planets, and other celestial objects are described. The roots of astronomy and astrology are presented with original imagery and reproductions of ancient manuscripts that portray the structure ofthe physical universe as conceived by a diverse array of human cultures over the centuries. Our own scientific Big Bang cosmo logy and the origin of stars and elements are discussed in a philosophical context, to explore how we asmodern people learn about the Universe, and incorporate the findings of science into our world views. A concluding chapter provides a summary of modern science's effort to unlock the celestial secrets from the sky and from pastcivilizations, and what these answers mean for us today
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Our Experience of the Sky and Star Knowledge
Pictures in the Sky: A World of Constellations in the Night Sky
World Systems: Models of the Universe Thoughout Time
Stars that Bind: Civilization, Calendars, and the Sky
Celestial Architecture: Monuments of the Sky
Modern Monuments: Mirroring the Sky
Astronomy and Astrology Its Past and Future
Scientific Cosmology Fact, Modern Mythology, or a Religion?
A Universe of Knowledge
Concluding Thoughts
ISBN:9781441968036
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Astronomy , Anthropology , Archaeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780817646950:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics [electronic resource]
Author(s): B.S Yadav
Man Mohan
Date:2011
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book presents contributions of mathematicians covering topics from ancient India, placing them in the broader context of the history of mathematics. Although the translations of some Sanskrit mathematical texts are availablein the literature, In dian contributions are rarely presented in major Western historical works. Yet some of the well-known and universally-accepted discoveries from India, including the concept of zero and the decimal representation ofnumbers, have made lasting contributions to the foundation of modern mathematics. Key topics include: The work of two well-known Indian mathematicians: Brahmagupta and Bhaskaracharya The relationship of Indian mathematics to themathematics of China and Greece The transmission of mathematical ide as between the Western and non-Western world A study of Keralese mathematics and coverage of the techniques used in the ulbastras The calendrical calculations,complete with computer programs, enabling readers to determine Indian dates. Ancient Indian Leap s into Mathematics examines these ancient mathematical ideas that were spread throughout India, China, the Islamic world, and WesternEurope. Through a systematic approach, it gives an historical account of ancient Indian mathematical traditions and their influence on other parts of the world
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Prelude
Indian Mathematics in the Medieval Islamic World
Brahmagupta: the Ancient Indian Mathematician
Indian Calendrical Calculations
Indias contributions to Chinese Mathematics up to the Eighth Century A.D
Some Discussions about how Indian Trigonometry affected Chinese Calendar
Calculation in the Tang Dynasty
On the Application of Areas in the Sulbasutra
Indian Mathematical Tradition with special reference to Kerala: Methodology and Motivations
Mainland South
East Asia as a Crossroad of Chinese and Indian Astronomy
Mathematical Literature in the Reg
ISBN:9780817646950
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Philosophy, modern
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642116025:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Making of History's Greatest Star Map [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Perryman
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:From prehistoric times, mankind has looked up at the night sky, and puzzled at the changing positions of the stars. How far away they are is a question that has confounded scientists for centuries. Over the last few hundredyears, many scientific care ers and considerable resources have been devoted to measuring their positions and motions with ever increasing accuracy. And in the last two decades of the 20th century, the European Space Agencydeveloped and launched the Hipparcos satellite, around whi ch this account revolves, to carry out these exacting measurements from space. What has prompted these remarkable developments? Why have governments been persuaded to fund them?What are scientists learning from astronomy's equivalent of the Human Genome P roject? This book traces the subject's history, explains why such enormous efforts are considered worthwhile, and interweaves these with a first-hand insightinto the Hipparcos project, and how big science is conducted at an international level. The involv ement of amateur astronomers, and the Hipparcos contributions to climate research, death stars' passing close to the Sun, and thesearch for extra-solar planets and even intelligent life itself, are some of the surprising facets of this unusual space missi on. One of the defining points in the creative life of the human mind came about when the ancient Greeksrealised that, through a combination of mathematical geometry and the devising of increasingly accurate instruments using 360 scales, it was possible t o map the heavens. And from Hipparchus in 150 BC, to ESA's Hipparcos project inthe late twentieth century, much of the history of astronomy has been about the increasingly refined measurement of stellar angles, and how we can use them to make sense of the cosmos. This splendid book provides a fascinating accountof that intellectual journey, and the defining contribution of a remarkable space mission. Allan Chapman A fascinating and entertaini
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prologue: Hipparcos Launch
Our Place in the Cosmos
Why Star Positions?
Early History
Developments 18501980
The Push to Space
From Concept to Launch
Disaster Unfolds
Mission Recovery
Science in the Making
The Finishing Touches
Our Galaxy
Inside the Stars
Our Solar System and Habitability
The Future
Epilogue
ISBN:9783642116025
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642007385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Units of Measurement [electronic resource] : Past, Present and Future. International System of Units
Author(s): S. V Gupta
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:It is for the first time that the subject of quantities and their respective units is dealt this much in detail a glimpse of units of measurements of base quantities of length, time, mass and volume is given for ancient Indiathree and four dimensiona l systems of measurement units are critically examined establishment of the fact that only four base units are needed to describe a system of units the basics to arrive at the unit of a derived quantity areexplained basic, derived and dimensionless quanti ties including quantity calculus are introduced life history of scientists concerned with measurements units are presented to be inspiring to working metrologists and students. TheInternational System of Units including, Metre Convention Treaty and its va rious organs including International National of Weights and Measure are described. The realisation of base units is given in detail. Classes of derived unitswithin the SI, units permitted for time to come, units outside SI but used in special fields of m easurements are described. Methods to express large numbers are explained in detail. Multiples and sub-multiples prefixes and their properuse are also given. The latest trends to redefine the base Kilogram, Ampere, Kelvin and Mole on existing base units o f mass, electric current, temperature and amount of substance, in terms of a single parameter or fundamental constantsare briefly described
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Metrology Through Ages
System of Quantities and Units
Various Systems of Units
Metre Convention and Evolution of Base Units
Realization of Base Units
Derived Quantities and Their Units
Expressing SI Units
Future Definitions of SI Units
Scientists Associated with Units of Measurements
ISBN:9783642007385
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v122
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781849960052:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pappus of Alexandria: Book 4 of the Collection [electronic resource]
Author(s): Heike Sefrin-Weis
Date:2010
Publisher:London : Springer London : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Although not so well known today, Book 4 of Pappus Collection is one of the most important and influential mathematical texts from antiquity, both because of its content and because of its impact on early modern mathematicsafter 1600. As a kind of te xtbook in anthology format, the mathematical vignettes form a portrait of mathematics during the Hellenistic Golden Age, illustrating central problems for example, it discusses all three of the famousancient problems in geometry: squaring the circle doub ling the cube and trisecting an angle varying solution strategies, and the different mathematical styles within ancient geometry. This volume provides an English translationof Collection 4, in full, for the first time, including: a new edition of the Gre ek text, based on a fresh transcription from the main manuscript and offering an alternative to Hultschs standard edition notes to facilitateunderstanding of the steps in the mathematical argument a commentary highlighting aspects of the work that have so far been neglected, and supporting the reconstruction of a coherent plan and vision within the work bibliographicalreferences for further study. Historians of mathematics will find it useful for scholarly work on ancient geometry and its reception in the early modern era and it will also serve as a source book for exemplary arguments in ancientgeometry. Pappus himself probably intended Collection 4 to be an introductory survey of the classical geometrical tradition from the point of view of mathematical methods and strategies for readers that had a basic training inelementary geometry (Elements I VI). Likewise, this edition can be used as a textbook in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on the history of ancient geometry
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Greek Text and Annotated Translation
Greek Text
Annotated Translation of Collectio IV
Commentary
Plane Geometry, Apollonian Style
Plane Geometry, Apollonian Style
Plane Geometry, Archaic Style
Plane Geometry, Archimedean
Motion Curves and Symptoma
Mathematics
Meta
theoretical Passage
Angle Trisection
General Angle Division
Quadratrix, Rectification Property
Analysis for an Archimedean Neusis
ISBN:9781849960052
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387789569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Granting the Seasons [electronic resource] : The Chinese Astronomical Reform of 1280, With a Study of its Many Dimensions and a Translation of its Records
Author(s): Nathan Sivin
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:China's most sophisticated system of computational astronomy was created for a Mongol emperor who could neither read nor write Chinese, to celebrate victory over China after forty years of devastating war. This book explains howand why, and reconstru cts the observatory and the science that made it possible. For two thousand years, a fundamental ritual of government was the emperor's granting the seasons to his people at the New Year by issuing an almanaccontaining an accurate lunisolar calendar. The high point of this tradition was the Season-granting system (Shou-shih li, 1280). Its treatise records detailed instructions for computing eclipses of the sun and moon and motions ofthe planets, based on a rich archive of observations, some ancient and so me new. Sivin, the Wests leading scholar of the Chinese sciences, not only recreates the project's cultural, political, bureaucratic, and personal dimensions,but translates the extensive treatise and explains every procedure in minimally technical languag e. The book contains many tables, illustrations, and aids to reference. It is clearly written for anyone who wants to understand thefundamental role of science in Chinese history. There is no comparable study of state science in any other early civilizati on
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Astronomical Reform and Occupation Politics
Orientation
The Project: Origins and Process
The Astronomers
The Observatory and its Instruments
The Records
Evaluation of the Season
Granting System
Evaluation of the Season
Granting System, Part 2
Canon of the Season
Granting System, Part 1
Canon of the Season
Granting System, Part 2
Conclusion
ISBN:9780387789569
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematics_$xHistory , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387765662:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mysteries and Discoveries of Archaeoastronomy [electronic resource] : From Giza to Easter Island
Author(s): Giulio Magli
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This complete, authoritative study of the growing discipline of archaeoastronomy examines the role of astronomy in antiquity. Professor Guilio Magli provides a clear, up-to-date survey of current thinking on the motives of theancients for building fa bulous and mysterious monuments all over our planet. Was it an attempt to reproduce the sky on Earth? To bring down the power of the stars to where they could see it, worship it, and use it? The connectingthread is astronomy. Magli uses astronomy as a key to understanding our ancestors way of thinking. It is a challenge he likes to call predicting the past. The motives of the ancients have often been misconstrued, maligned, oreven dismissed. Magli shows the limitations of orthodox archaeology in relation to astronomically based artifacts and tries to understand what led the ancients to construct such magnificent structures as the city of Teotihuacan in theMexico Valley, the Ceremonial Center of Chaco Canyon in the United States, the Avebury stone circle i n Great Britain, and the great pyramids in Egypt. In this book, the reader is taken on a world tour of many wonderful andenigmatic places on almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. Then, the author discus ses the fundamental ideas that he believes led to the construction of the giant monuments. Finally,Magli revisits one place in greater detail Giza in an attempt to provide proof for his ideas on the mindset of ancient cultures. This fascinating book wil l take you places in time you have never been, and stimulate yourimagination in regards to other people and other cultures. The result will be a better understanding of who we are and where we come from
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Thirty Thousand Years of Silence
Forests of Stones, Rings of Giants
The Island of the Goddess
A Civilization Entitled to No Place
When Method Is Lacking
Wheels, Octagons and Golf Courts
Straight Roads, Circular Buildings and a Supernova
The Land where the Gods Were Born
The Tree of the World
The Four Parts of the Earth
The People of the Lines
The Last of the Lands
A Picnic on the Side of the Road
Predicting the Past
Power and Replica
The Age of the Pyramids
Gateway to the Stars
On the Paths of the Ancient Stars
The Sacred Landscape in the A
ISBN:9780387765662
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Astronomy , Archaeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387095134:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Greatest Comets in History [electronic resource] Broom Stars and Celestial Scimitars
Author(s): David A.J Seargent
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Comets have fascinated and awed humankind since ancient times. Of the thousands of comets recorded throughout history, those deemed to have been the most spectacular have been described in the accounts of eyewitnesses and oftenrecorded in official do cuments. This book introduces you to the greatest of the greats, starting with the comet in 372 B. C. called Aristotles Comet and ending with the spectacular appearance of McNaughts Comet in 2007. Thereis an introductory chapter explaining what comets are and how they are classified, and correcting a few popular misconceptions. Later in the book you will read about the different returns of Halleys Comet and the Kreutz sungrazinggroup, often called the kamikaze comets. There is even a chapter on comets tha t were visible in broad daylight. This book is unique. There are a few books on comets that make passing reference to some of the more famous or spectacularobjects of the past, and a few catalogs with long lists of comets. But little detailed and descript ive information is contained in either of these sources. This is a fascinating account, not only for astronomers at every level but alsofor readers of popular science. In an engaging way it pulls together a vast amount of information and offers rich anecd otal material that will entertain as well as inform you
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Nature of Comets
Halleys Comet Through the Ages
The Greatest Comets of Ancient Times
The Greatest Comets from A.D. 1000 to 1800
The Greatest Comets from 1800 to Present Times
Kamikaze Comets: The Kreutz Sungrazers
Daylight Comets
ISBN:9780387095134
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402088377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Fossils to Astrobiology [electronic resource] : Records of Life on Earth and Search for Extraterrestrial Biosignatures
Author(s): Joseph Seckbach
Maud Walsh
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study,including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expertscientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimula ting reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth andbeyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found i n the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports ofnanobacteria in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in foc using on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geology
Nanosims Opens a New Window for Deciphering Organic Matter in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Samples
Disentangling the Microbial Fossil Record in the Barberton Greenstone Belt: A Cautionary Tale
Looking Through Windows onto the Earliest History of Life on Earth and Mars
Models for Silicate Fossils of Organic Materials in the Astrobiological Context
Microfossil Phosphatization and Its Astrobiological Implications
Proterozoic Unicellular and Multicellular Fossils from India and Their Implications
Microbial Communities of Stromatolites
Biosedimentological Process
ISBN:9781402088377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 1566-0400 : v12
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Geology , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Microbiology , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387770369:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis by Its History [electronic resource]
Author(s): E Hairer
G Wanner
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents first-year calculus roughly in the order in which it first was discovered. The first two chapters show how the ancient calculations of practical problems led to infinite series, differential and integralcalculus and to differential equations. The establishment of mathematical rigour for these subjects in the 19th century for one and several variables is treated in chapters III and IV. The text is complemented by a large number ofexamples, calculations and mathematical pictures and will provide stimulating and enjoyable reading for students, teachers, as well as researchers. From the reviews: The aim of this interesting new contribution to the series Readingsin Mathematics is an attempt to restore the historical order in the present ation of basic mathematical analysis...such a historical approach can provide a very fruitful and interesting approach to mathematical analysis. - Jean Mawhin,Zentralblatt The authors include a large number of once-traditional subjects which have now vani shed from the analysis curriculum, at least in the standard American courses. Thus we find continued fractions, elliptic integrals, theEuler-MacLaurin summation formula, etc., most of which are found only in more compendious works. Many of the exercises a re inspired by original papers, with the bibliographic references sometimes given. The work is very wellillustrated. The book is definitely an analysis text, rather than a history, but a great deal of reliable historical material is included. For those se eking an alternative to the traditional approach, it seems to me to be of greatinterest. - Thomas Archibald, Mathematical Reviews The authors...have assembled an impressive array of annotated results, quotations, tables, charts, figures and drawings, many copied from original documents....they write with greatenthusiasm and with evident affection for both analysis and history. - John Troutman, American Mathematical Monthly
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction to Analysis of the Infinite
Differential and Integral Calculus
Foundations of Classical Analysis
Calculus in Several Variables
Appendix
References
Symbol Index
Index
ISBN:9780387770369
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, Readings in Mathematics, 0172-6056
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783764375553:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetry [electronic resource] : Cultural-historical and ontological aspects of science-arts relations The natural and man-made world in an interdisciplinary approach
Author(s): Gyrgy Darvas
Date:2007
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:All of us have a certain conception of what symmetry means, at least as far as its main forms are concerned (like mirror-reflection or rotation, but only rarely translation). What are the common features of these transformations?How can one generalis e them to explain similar phenomena that appear in different arts and sciences? What other forms of symmetry can we include in the scope of our study by the application of these generalised rules? How can a commonphenomenon lend possible solutions from on e discipline to another? Did you know that symmetry is a universal concept that has appeared in all cultures since prehistoric times, accompanying us through the history of mankind? Whatimportant role have asymmetries like the one-handedness of the neutri no played in the formation of matter, from the assumed Big Bang through to the asymmetries of the human brain? This book tries to explain these and a number ofrelated questions. This is the first comprehensive book on the topic since the publication of H. Weyls popular book on symmetry more than fifty years ago. It is relevant to almost all fields of science where symmetry appears as aphenomenon or is applied as a method, and where the concept is present in contemporary sciences, humanities and arts. Symm etry used to be a fundamental phenomenon in crystallography, where its basic concept was elaborated, inmorphological biology, and of course in mathematics, which provided its exact description. In the last half century symmetry (and symmetry breaking) has become a leading principle in physics, in all sciences that deal with thestructure of matter, as well as in the biochemistry of proteins, the study of the genetic code, brain research (where functional asymmetries have been revealed), psychology, and in developing architectural structures and in businessdecision-making, to name but a few examples. This book seeks to find common regularities among these apparently disparate phenomena. It covers most
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Symmetry, Invariance, Harmony
Ancient arts
Geometry
Fibonacci
Crystallography
Molecules
Music
Human body
Perspectives
Theoretical Physics
Astronomy
Nature
Architecture
Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9783764375553
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Architecture , Arts
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387710198:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quirky Sides of Scientists [electronic resource] : True Tales of Ingenuity and Error From Physics and Astronomy
Author(s): David R Topper
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These historical narratives of scientific behavior reveal the often irrational way scientists arrive at and assess their theories. There are stories of Einsteins stubbornness leading him to reject a correct interpretation ofan experiment and miss an important deduction from his own theory, and Newton missing the important deduction from one of his most celebrated discoveries. Copernicus and Galileo are found surpressing information. A theme runningthroughout the book is the notion that what is obviou s today was not so in the past. Scientists seen in their historical context shatter myths and show them to be less modern than we often like to think of them
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prelude
Tenacity and Stubbornness: Einstein on Theory and Experiment
Convergence or Coincidence: Ancient Measurements of the Sun and Moon How far?
The Rationality of Simplicity: Copernicus on Planetary Motion
A Silence of Scientists: Venus' Brightness, Earth's Precession, and the Nebula in Orion
Progress through Error: Stars and Quasars How Big, How Far?
The Data Fits the Model but the Model is Wrong: Kepler and the Structure of the Cosmos
Art Illustrates Science: Galileo, a Blemished Moon, and a Parabola of Blood
Ensnared in Circles: Galileo and the Law of Proj
ISBN:9780387710198
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Physics History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387489469:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Geometry of an Art [electronic resource] The History of the Mathematical Theory of Perspective from Alberti to Monge
Author(s): Kirsti Andersen
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This monograph describes how the understanding of the geometry behind perspective evolved between the years 1435 and 1800 and how new insights within the mathematical theory of perspective influenced the way the discipline waspresented in textbooks. In order to throw light on these issues, the author has chosen to focus on a number of key questions, including: What were the essential innovations in the mathematical theory of perspective? Was thereany interplay between the developments of the mathem atical theory of perspective and other branches of geometry? What were the driving forces behind working out an advanced mathematical theory of perspective? Were thereregional differences in the mathematical approach to perspective? And if so, how did t hey relate to local applications of perspective? How did mathematicians and practitioners of perspective interact? In fact, the last issue istouched upon so often that a considerable part of this book could be seen as a case study of the difficulties in bridging the gap between those with mathematical knowledge and the mathematically untrained practitioners who wish to usethis knowledge. The author has based her work on more than 200 books, booklets, and pamphlets on perspective. She starts with the firs t treatise known to deal with geometrical perspective, Leon Alberti Battistas De pictura, and endsaround 1800, when the theory of mathematical perspective as an independent discipline was absorbed first into descriptive geometry and later into projective geometry. The prominent protagonists are Guidobaldo del Monte, Simon Stevin,Willem sGravesande, Brook Taylor, and Johann Heinrich Lambert. As far as data were available, the author has provided brief biographies of all the writers on perspective whose wor k she studied. The book also contains an extensivebibliography divided into two parts, one for primary sources on perspective, and the second for all other literature. Kirsti Anders
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Acknowledgements
Notes to the reader
The birth of perspective
Alberti and Piero della Francesca
Leonardo da Vinci
Italy in cinquecento
North of the Alps before sixteen hundred
The birth of the mathematical theory of perspective: Guidobaldo and Stevin
The Dutch development after Stevin
Italy after Guidobaldo
France and the Southern Netherlands after 1600
Britain
The German speaking areas after 1600
Lambert
Monge closing a circle
Summing up
Appendix: On ancient roots of perspective
Appendix: The Appearance of a rectangle la Le
ISBN:9780387489469
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry , Mathematics_$xHistory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387263564:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring Ancient Skies [electronic resource] : An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy
Author(s): David H Kelley
Eugene F Milone
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Exploring Ancient Skies brings together the methods of archaeology and the insights of modern astronomy to explore the science of astronomy as it was practiced in various cultures prior to the invention of the telescope. The bookreviews an enormous a nd growing body of literature on the cultures of the ancient Mediterranean, the Far East, and the New World (particularly Mesoamerica), putting the ancient astronomical materials into their archaeological andcultural contexts. The authors begin with an ov erview of the field and proceed to essential aspects of naked-eye astronomy, followed by an examination of specific cultures. The book concludes by taking into account the purposes ofancient astronomy: astrology, navigation, calendar regulation, and (not least) the understanding of our place and role in the universe. Skies are recreated to display critical events as they would have appeared to ancient observers -events such as the supernova of 1054, the 'lion horoscope' or the 'Star of Bethlehem.' Explori ng Ancient Skies provides a comprehensive overview of the relationships between astronomy and other areas of human investigation. It will beuseful as a reference for scholars and students in both astronomy and archaeology, and will be of compelling intere st to readers who seek a broad understanding of our collective intellectual history
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Historical Perspectives
Historical Perspectives
Astronomical Background
Principal Features of the Sky
Observational Methods and Problems
Time and the Calendar
Transient Phenomena
Astronomy in Cultures
Paleolithic and Neolithic Cultures
Antecedents of the Western Tradition
African Cultures
Indo
Iranian Cultures
China, Korea, and Japan
Oceanic Cultures
Mesoamerica
America North of Mexico
South American Cultures
The Descent of the Gods and the Purposes of Ancient Astronomy
ISBN:9780387263564
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781475742176:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pi: A Source Book
Author(s): Lennart Berggren
Date:2004
Edition:Third Edition
Size:1 online resource (797 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-4217-6
Contents:Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus-Problem 50 -- Engles. Quadrature of the Circle in Ancient Egypt -- Archimedes. Measurement of a Circle -- Phillips. Archimedes the Numerical Analyst -- Lam
& Ang. Circle Measurements in Ancient China -- The Banu Musa: The Measurement of Plane and Solid Figures -- Madhava's. The Power Series for Arctan and Pi -- Hope-Jones. Ludolph van Ceulen -- Viete. Variorum de Revus Mathematicis
Reponsorum Liber VII -- Wallis. Computation of Pi by Successive Interpolations -- Wallis. Arithmetica Infinitorum -- Huygens. De Circuli Magnitudine Inventa -- Gregory. Correspondence with John Collins -- Jones. The First Use of Pi for
the Circle Ratio -- Newton. Of The Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series -- Euler. Chapter 10 of Introduction to Analysis of the Infinite -- Lambert. Mémoire Sur Quelques Proprietés Remarquables Des Quantités Transcendentes
Circulaires et Logarithmiques -- Lambert. Irrationality of Pi -- Shanks. Contributions to Mathematics Comprising Chiefly of the Rectification of the Circle to 607 Places of Decimals -- Hermite. Sur La Fonction Exponentielle
ISBN:9781475742176
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Functions of real variables , Numerical analysis , History , Number theory , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Real Functions , Numerical Analysis , Number Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9789401700771:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Discrete to Continuous The Broadening of Number Concepts in Early Modern England
Author(s): Katherine Neal
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (175 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-0077-1
Contents:1: Transformation of the Number Concept -- 2: The Ancient Sources -- 3: The Contemporary Influences -- 4: Early Modern English Algebra -- 5: The Development of the Logarithms: Napier and Briggs -- 6: Isaac Barrow -- 7: John Wallis --
8: Conclusion -- References -- Indices
ISBN:9789401700771
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science: 16
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Algebra , Mathematics , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , History, general , Mathematics Education , Algebra
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9789401598620:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:History of Oriental Astronomy Proceedings of the Joint Discussion-17 at the 23rd General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union, organised by the Commission 41 (History of Astronomy), held in Kyoto, August 25–26, 1997
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (288 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-9862-0
Contents:1.1 The Two Supreme Stars, Thien-i and Thai-i, and the Foundation of the Purple Palace -- 1.2 Islamic Astronomical Tables in China: The Sources for the Huihui li -- 1.3 The First Equation Table for Mercury in the Huihui li -- 1.4
Three Star Maps: Results of the Impact of Western Astronomy on Korean Tradition in the 18th Century -- 1.5 Projection Methods in East Asian Star Maps -- 1.6 Gnomon Measurements and the Obliquity of the Ecliptic -- 1.7 The Legends of
Vasi??ha — A Note on the Ved??ga Astronomy -- 1.8 Spherical Trigonometry and the Astronomy of the Medieval Kerala School -- 1.9 Astronomical Dating and Statistical Analysis of Ancient Eclipse Data -- 2.1 Philippe de La Hire at the
Court of Jayasimha -- 2.2 European Astronomy in Indo-Persian Writings -- 2.3 Toshio Takamine’s Contact with Western Astrophysics -- 2.4 The Earliest Evidence of the Introduction of Kepler’s Laws into China as is observed in the Lifa
wenda -- 2.5 Tebbutt vs Russell: Passion, Power and Politics in Nineteenth Century Australian Astronomy -- 2.6 A New Museum of Astronomy in Korea -- 2.7 Oriental Astronomy: History of East Asian Mathematical Astronomy Homage to K.
Yabuuti and A. Sayili -- 3.1 Revisiting An Eighth-Century Chinese Table of Tangents -- 3.2 Recent Advances in the Studies of History of Astronomy in China -- 3.3 Eclipse Records in Early Korean History: The Koryo-sa -- Full Programme
of the Joint Discussion -- About the Contributors
ISBN:9789401598620
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 275
Keywords: Physics , Cultural heritage , History , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , History, general , Cultural Heritage
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662049273:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics and Music A Diderot Mathematical Forum
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (288 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04927-3
Contents:1 Proportions in Ancient and Medieval Music -- 2 The Sounding Algebra: Relations Between Combinatorics and Music from Mersenne to Euler -- 3 The Use of Mechanical Devices and Numerical Algorithms in the 18th Century for the Equal
Temperament of the Musical Scale -- 4 Lagrange, “Working Mathematician” on Music Considered as a Source for Science -- 5 Musical Patterns -- 6 Questions of Logic: Writing, Dialectics and Musical Strategies -- 7 The Formalization of
Logic and the Issue of Meaning -- 8 Musical Analysis Using Mathematical Proceedings in the XXth Century -- 9 Universal Prediction Applied to Stylistic Music Generation -- 10 Ethnomusicology, Ethnomathematics. The Logic Underlying
Orally Transmitted Artistic Practices -- 11 Expressing Coherence of Musical Perception in Formal Logic -- 12 The Topos Geometry of Musical Logic -- 13 Computing Musical Sound -- 14 The Mathematics of Tuning Musical Instruments — a
Simple Toolkit for Experiments -- 15 The Musical Communication Chain and its Modeling -- 16 Computational Models for Musical Sound Sources
ISBN:9783662049273
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Music , History , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Music , History of Mathematical Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783662044414:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Understanding the Heavens Thirty Centuries of Astronomical Ideas from Ancient Thinking to Modern Cosmology
Author(s): Jean-Claude Pecker
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (597 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04441-4
Contents:and Perspectives -- The Theory of Scientific Revolutions -- Interactions Between Politics and Scientific Progress -- The Continuous Progress of Astronomical Techniques -- The Three Streams from Pythagoras, Plato, and Aristotle -- 1.
Before the Classical Greek Period -- 1.1 A General Overview of a Rapid Evolution -- 1.2 Elementary Naked-Eye Astronomy -- 1.3 Pre-Socratic Greek Astronomy and Cosmology -- 2. Classical Greek Astronomy -- 2.1 Plato’s World -- 2.2
Plato’s Contemporaries: Eudoxus, Callippus -- 2.3 Aristotle’s World -- 2.4 The Legacy of Plato and Aristotle -- 2.5 The Heliocentric Systems -- 2.6 Hipparchus and his Successors up to Ptolemy -- 2.7 Eccentric and Epicycle Circles: The
Ptolemaic Mechanisms -- 2.8 The Earth, Sun, Moon, and Planets: Distances and Sizes -- 2.9 The Precession of Equinoxes -- 3. Ptolemy’s Astronomy Questioned -- 3.1 The Scientific Genealogy of Ptolemy -- 3.2 The Church Fathers -- 3.3 The
Contribution of the Arabic World to Astronomical Knowledge -- 3.4 The Western World up to Copernicus -- 4. The Period of the Renaissance -- 4.1 From 1450 to 1600: An Overview -- 4.2 Copernicus and the Determination of Planetary
Distances -- 4.3 The Progress of the Observations Tycho Brahe and the Nature of the Universe -- 4.4 Kepler and the Death of Circularity -- 4.5 Galileo, Physicist and Observer -- 5. Dynamics Enters Astronomy: From Galileo to Newton --
5.1 Galilean Dynamics -- 5.2 Francis Bacon in England -- 5.3 The French School: Descartes and his Contemporaries -- 5.4 Newton and Universal Gravitation -- 5.5 The Triumph of Newton -- 5.6 Appendix Written in Collaboration with Prof.
Daniel Pecker -- 6. From Pre-Galilean Astronomy to the Hubble Space Telescope and Beyond… Written in Collaboration with Dr. Simone Dumont -- 6.1 Improvements in Techniques and Instruments -- 6.2 Important Astronomical Discoveries After
Galileo -- 6.3 Conceptual Consequences of the Broadening of Horizons from Galileo to Einstein -- 6.4 Conclusion -- 7. Towards Modern Cosmology -- 7.1 Failures and Difficulties of the Newtonian Description -- 7.2 Criticisms of Newton’s
Theory: The Mach Discussion -- 7.3 The Ether -- 7.4. Action at a Distance -- 7.5. Olbers’ Paradox -- 7.6 The “Significant” Facts of Cosmology and the Subjectivity of their Choice -- 7.7 Appendix: Modern Cosmology The Velocity of Light,
Composition and Measurement -- 8. Cosmologies of Today and Tomorrow -- 8.1 General Relativity -- 8.2 The Cosmological Solutions of General Relativity -- 8.3 New Cosmological Facts -- 8.4 The Standard “Big Bang” Cosmology -- 8.5 The
“New Big Bang” -- 8.6 Big Bang or Not Big Bang? Alternative Cosmologies -- 8.7 Conclusions: What Is the Current State of Cosmology? What Experiments Could Be Performed to Improve the Situation? -- 8.8 Appendix I: Tensors, Line Elements
-- 8.9 Appendix II: The Particles of Modern Physics -- 9. General Conclusion -- Further Reading -- Figure Acknowledgements -- Name Index
ISBN:9783662044414
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Popular works , History , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Popular Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , History of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401143011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics Across Cultures The History of Non-Western Mathematics
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (479 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4301-1
Contents:Communicating Mathematics across Culture and Time -- Anthropological Perspectives on Ethnomathematics -- East and West -- Rationality and the Disunity of the Sciences -- Logics and Mathematics: Challenges Arising in Working across
Cultures -- A Historiographical Proposal for Non-Western Mathematics -- The Uses of Mathematics in Ancient Iraq, 6000-600 BC -- Egyptian Mathematics -- Islamic Mathematics -- The Hebrew Mathematical Tradition -- Inca Mathematics --
Mesoamerican Mathematics -- The Ethnomathematics of the Sioux Tipi and Cone -- Traditional Mathematics in Pacific Cultures -- Aboriginal Australian Mathematics: Disparate Mathematics of Land Ownership -- On Mathematical Ideas in
Cultural Traditions of Central and Southern Africa -- Accounting Mathematics in West Africa: Some Stories of Yoruba Number -- Chinese Mathematical Astronomy -- The Mathematical Accomplishments of Ancient Indian Mathematicians -- The
Dawn of Wasan (Japanese Mathematics) -- Development of Materials for Ethnomathematics in Korea
ISBN:9789401143011
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Science Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Science: 2
Keywords: Mathematics , Culture , History , Mathematics , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , History, general , Mathematics, general , Regional and Cultural Studies , Mathematics Education
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401141796:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy Across Cultures The History of Non-Western Astronomy
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (665 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4179-6
Contents:Sky Tales and Why We Tell Them -- Astronomy and Prehistory -- Astronomy and the Dreaming: The Astronomy of the Aboriginal Australians -- Useful and Conceptual Astronomy in Ancient Hawaii -- Ancient Astronomical Monuments in Polynesia
-- A Polynesian Astronomical Perspective: the Maori of New Zealand -- The Inca: Rulers of the Andes, Children of the Sun -- Mesoamerican Astronomy and the Ritual Calendar -- Native American Astronomy: Traditions, Symbols, Ceremonies,
Calendars, and Ruins -- Birth and Development of Indian Astronomy -- Remarks on the Origin of Indo-Tibetan Astronomy -- Indo-Malay Astronomy -- A Cultural History of Astronomy in Japan -- History of Astronomy in Korea -- Crossing the
Boundaries Between Heaven and Man: Astronomy in Ancient China -- Astronomical Practices in Africa South of the Sahara -- Astronomy in Ancient Egypt -- Babylonian Astrology: Its Origin and Legacy in Europe -- Hebrew Astronomy: Deep
Soundings from a Rich Tradition -- Mathematical Astronomy in Islamic Civilization -- Islamic Folk Astronomy.
ISBN:9789401141796
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Science Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Science: 1
Keywords: Physics , Culture , History , Mathematics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , History, general , History of Mathematical Sciences , Regional and Cultural Studies
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781447108054:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scientific Unit Conversion A Practical Guide to Metrication
Author(s): François Cardarelli
Date:1999
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (488 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4471-0805-4
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Why a Conversion Handbook -- 1.2 How to Use This Book -- 2 The International System of Units -- 2.1 History -- 2.2 The General Conference on Weights and Measures -- 2.3 Organization of the SI -- 2.4 SI Prefixes
-- 3 Other Systems of Units -- 3.1 MTS, MKpS, MKSA -- 3.2 Cgs, Gauss, IEUS, a.u -- 3.3 British and American Systems of Units -- 3.4 The Foot-Pound-Second (FPS) System -- 3.5 Ancient and Obsolete Systems of Weights and Measures -- 4
Conversion Tables -- 4.1 Units in Alphabetical Order -- 4.2 Conversion Tables Listed by Physical Quantities -- 5 Fundamental Constants -- 5.1 Fundamental Mathematical Constants -- 5.2 Fundamental Physical Constants -- 6 Appendices --
6.1 Greek Alphabet -- 6.2 Roman Numerals -- 6.3 Rules about Large Numbers (>1 000 000) -- 6.4 Date and Time Numerical Representation -- 6.5 National, Regional and International Standardization Bodies -- 6.6 Acceleration Due to Gravity
at any Latitude and Elevation -- 6.7 International Practical Temperature Scale (IPTS, 1968) -- 6.8 International Temperature Scale (ITS-90) -- 6.9 French-English Lexicon for Units -- 6.10 French-English Lexicon for Physical Quantities
-- 6.11 Old Alchemical Symbols Used in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Biology -- 6.12 Old Symbols Used in the British System -- 7 Bibliography -- 7.1 Specific References -- 7.2 References About the Metric System and the SI -- 7.3 References
of General Interest -- 7.4 Historical References -- 7.5 International and National Standards
ISBN:9781447108054
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Computer science , Civil engineering , Electrical engineering , Physics , Physics, general , Electrical Engineering , Civil Engineering , Computer Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401714136:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating Volume II: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval Records
Author(s): A. T Fomenko
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (462 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1413-6
Contents:1. Methods for the Statistical Analysis of Narrative Texts -- 2. Enquête-Codes of Chronological Duplicates and Biographical Parallels. Three Chronological Shifts: The Byzantine—Roman 333-year shift, the Roman 1,053-year shift and the
Greco-biblical 1,800-year shift -- Index of Names
ISBN:9789401714136
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , History , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Archaeology , Statistics , Statistics, general , History, general , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Archaeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461236900:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Textual Studies in Ancient and Medieval Geometry
Author(s): Wilbur Richard Knorr
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (864 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-3690-0
Contents:Introduction: Philologist, Heal Thy Text -- I Ancient Texts on Geometric Problems -- 1 The Hero-Apollonius Method of Cube Duplication -- 2 The Hero-Apollonius Lemma in Nicomedes and Euclid -- 3 The Philonian Method of Cube Duplication
-- 4 Pappus’ Texts on Cube Duplication -- 5 Eutocius’ Anthology of Cube Duplications -- 6 Eutocius’ Text of Eratosthenes: A Thesis of U. von Wilamowitz -- 7 On Eutocius: A Thesis of J. Mogenet -- 8 Angle Trisections in Pappus and
Arabic Parallels -- 9 The Ancient Commentators and Their Methods: Pappus and Eutocius -- II Arabic Geometric Texts and Their Ancient Sources -- A The Cube Duplication by Abû Bakr al-Harawî -- B The Angle Trisection by Ahmad ibn Mûsâ --
C The Angle Trisection by Thâbit ibn Qurra -- D The Angle Trisection by al-Sijzî -- E The Cube Duplication and Angle Trisection by Abû Sahl al-Qûhî -- F The Cube Duplication by Abû Jacfar in the Manner of Nicomedes -- III The Textual
Tradition of Archimedes’: Dimension of the Circle -- 1 Versions in the Ancient Commentators -- 2 Origin of the Extant Text of the Dimension of the Circle -- 3 The Medieval Tradition of Dimension of the Circle, Prop. 1 -- 4 Versions of
Dimension of the Circle, Props. 2 and 3 -- 5 Lost Propositions of the Archimedean Prototype -- 6 Eutocius’ Text of Dimension of the Circle -- 7 Arabic Elaborations of the Dimension of the Circle -- 8 The Latin Tradition: De curvis
superficiebus -- 9 The Latin Tradition: De quadratura circuli -- 10 The Anonymous Tract On Isoperimetric Figures -- 11 On Hypatia of Alexandria -- 12 The History of a Text: Tradition, Time and Opportunity
ISBN:9781461236900
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry , History , Mathematics , Geometry , History of Mathematical Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400938038:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Marine Minerals Advances in Research and Resource Assessment
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (588 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3803-8
Contents:Summary Reports -- Report of the working group on placer minerals -- Report of the working group on marine phosphorites -- Report of the working group on manganese nodules and crusts -- Report of the working group on marine sulfides
-- Contributed Papers -- Placers -- Sedimentary models to estimate the heavy-mineral potential of shelf sediments -- Exploring the offshore area of N.E. Greece for placer deposits -- Marine placers: Reconnaissance exploration
technology -- The development of techniques for marine geological surveys -- Phosphorites -- Model of Tertiary phosphorites on the world’s continental margins -- Open-ocean phosphorites: In a class by themselves? -- Some mineral
resources of the West African continental shelves related to Holocene shorelines: Phosphorite (Gabon, Congo), glauconite (Congo) and ilmenite (Senegal, Mauritania) -- Exploration and genesis of submarine phosphorite deposits from the
Chatham Rise, New Zealand: A review -- Manganese nodules and crusts -- Controls on the nature and distribution of manganese nodules in the western Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- Growth history and variability of manganese nodules of the
Equatorial North Pacific -- Chemistry and growth history of central Pacific Mn-crusts and their economic importance -- Geochemical methods in manganese nodule exploration -- Analysis and metallurgy of manganese nodules and crusts --
Nodule exploration: Accomplishments, needs and problems -- Deep-ocean near-bottom surveying techniques -- Metalliferous sulfides -- Seafloor polymetallic sulfides: Scientific curiosities or mines of the future? -- Sulfide deposits of
the seafloor: Geological models and resource perspectives based on studies in ophiolite sequences -- Recent hydrothermal metal accumulation, products, and conditions of formation -- The chemistry of submarine ore-forming solutions --
Trace element and precious metal concentrations in East Pacific Rise, Cyprus and Red Sea submarine sulfide deposits -- Possibility of mineral enrichment in the Black Sea -- Seafloor volcanism and polymetallic sulfide deposits in
ancient active margins: The case of the Iberian pyrite belt -- Scientific rationale for establishing long-term ocean bottom observatory/laboratory systems -- Electrical methods in the exploration of seafloor mineral deposits --
Resource assessment and geostatistics -- Sources of confusion: What are marine mineral resources? -- Thoughts on appraising marine mineral resources -- Estimation of the probability of occurrence of polymetallic massive sulfide
deposits on the ocean floor -- Resource assessments, geological deposit models and offshore minerals with an example of heavy-mineral sands -- Aspects of marine placer minerals: Economic potential of coastal deposits in Italy, testing
procedures and market conditions -- Geostatistical problems in marine placer exploration -- Geostatistical reserve modeling and mining simulation of the Atlantis II Deepl’s metalliferous sediments -- An investigation of the
applicability of trend surface analysis to marine exploration geochemistry -- List of Participants of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Marine Minerals: Resource Assessment Strategies
ISBN:9789400938038
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 194
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781461253945:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:To Infinity and Beyond A Cultural History of the Infinite
Author(s): Eli Maor
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (284 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-5394-5
Contents:I. Mathematical Infinity -- 1. First Steps to Infinity -- 2. Towards Legitimation -- 3. Convergence and Limit -- 4. The Fascination of Infinite Series -- 5. The Geometric Series -- 6. More about Infinite Series -- 7. Interlude: An
Excursion into the Number Concept -- 8. The Discovery of Irrational Numbers -- 9. Cantor’s New Look at the Infinite -- 10. Beyond Infinity -- II. Geometric Infinity -- 11. Some Functions and Their Graphs -- 12. Inversion in a Circle --
13. Geographic Maps and Infinity -- 14. Tiling the Plane -- 15. A New Look at Geometry -- 16. The Vain Search for Absolute Truth -- III. Aesthetic Infinity -- 17. Rejoice the Infinite! -- 18. The Möbius Strip -- 19. The Magic World of
Mirrors -- 20. Horror Vacui, Amor Infiniti -- 21. Maurits C. Escher—Master of the Infinite -- 22. The Modern Kabbalists -- IV. Cosmological Infinity -- 23. The Ancient World -- 24. The New Cosmology -- 25. The Horizons Are Receding --
26. A Paradox and Its Aftermath -- 27. The Expanding Universe -- 28. The Modern Atomists -- 29. Which Way from Here? -- Epilogue
ISBN:9781461253945
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Philosophy , Mathematical logic , Popular works , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , History of Science , History of Philosophy , Popular Science, general , Mathematical Logic and Foundations , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781461246084:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Episodes in the Mathematics of Medieval Islam
Author(s): J. L Berggren
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (197 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-4608-4
Contents:1. Introduction -- §1. The Beginnings of Islam -- §2. Islam’s Reception of Foreign Science -- §3. Four Muslim Scientists -- §4. The Sources -- §5. The Arabic Language and Arabic Names -- Exercises -- 2. Islamic Arithmetic -- §1. The
Decimal System -- §2. K?shy?r’s Arithmetic -- §3. The Discovery of Decimal Fractions -- §4. Muslim Sexagesimal Arithmetic -- §5. Square Roots -- §6. Al-K?sh?’s Extraction of a Fifth Root -- §7. The Islamic Dimension: Problems of
Inheritance -- Exercises -- 3. Geometrical Constructions in the Islamic World -- §1. Euclidean Constructions -- §2. Greek Sources for Islamic Geometry -- §3. Apollonios’ Theory of the Conics -- §4. Ab? Sahl on the Regular Heptagon --
§5. The Construction of the Regular Nonagon -- §6. Construction of the Conic Sections -- §7. The Islamic Dimension: Geometry with a Rusty Compass -- Exercises -- 4. Algebra in Islam -- §1. Problems About Unknown Quantities -- §2.
Sources of Islamic Algebra -- §3. Al-Khw?rizm?’s Algebra -- §4. Thabit’s Demonstration for Quadratic Equations -- §5. Ab? K?mil on Algebra -- §6. Al-Karaj?’s Arithmetization of Algebra -- §7. ‘Umar al-Khayy?m? and the Cubic Equation --
§8. The Islamic Dimension: The Algebra of Legacies -- Exercises -- 5. Trigonometry in the Islamic World -- §1. Ancient Background: The Table of Chords and the Sine -- §2. The Introduction of the Six Trigonometric Functions -- §3. Abu
l-Waf?’s Proof of the Addition Theorem for Sines -- §4. Nas?r al-D?n’s Proof of the Sine Law -- §5. Al-B?r?n?’s Measurement of the Earth -- §6. Trigonometric Tables: Calculation and Interpolation -- §7. Auxiliary Functions -- §8.
Interpolation Procedures -- §9. Al-K?sh?’s Approximation to Sin(1°) -- Exercises -- 6. Spherics in the Islamic World -- §1. The Ancient Background -- §2. Important Circles on the Celestial Sphere -- §3. The Rising Times of the Zodiacal
Signs -- §4. Stereographic Projection and the Astrolabe -- §5. Telling Time by Sun and Stars -- §6. Spherical Trigonometry in Islam -- §7. Tables for Spherical Astronomy -- §8. The Islamic Dimension: The Direction of Prayer --
Exercises
ISBN:9781461246084
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Mathematics , History , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400954625:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Search for Extraterrestrial Life: Recent Developments Proceedings of the 112th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union Held at Boston University, Boston, Mass., U.S.A., June 18–21, 1984
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (608 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5462-5
Contents:Section I. History and special events -- Inroduction -- A Historical Introduction to the Search for Extraterrestrial Life -- Twenty-Five Years of the Search for Extraterrestrial Communications -- SETI is Coming of Age -- Welcoming
Address -- Invocation -- Section II. The Search for Other Planetary Systems -- A Review of the Scientific Rationale and Methods Used in the Search for Other Planetary Systems -- Protoplanetary Material Around Nearby Stars -- On the
Number of Galactic Planetary Systems -- Planetary Searches Using Optical Astrometric Interferometers -- A New Objective for the Allegheny Observatory 30-Inch Refractor -- Prospects for Space Telescope in the Search for Other Planetary
Systems -- Detecting Distant Planets with Space Telescope -- Absolute Astronomical Accelerometry: A New Tool for Planetary Searching -- Assisting Extrasolar Planetary Detection through the Determination of Stellar Space Orientations --
Section III. Planetary, Interplanetary and Interstellar Organic Matter -- Titan’s Organic Chemistry -- Prebiotic Matter in Interstellar Molecules -- Recent Observations of Organic Molecules in Nearby Cold, Dark Interstellar Clouds --
Infrared Spectral Identification of Complex Organic Molecules in Interstellar Grains -- Universal Protein Ancestors from Hydrogen Cyanide and Water -- Panspermia — A Modern Astrophysical and Biological Approach -- No Valid Evidence
Exists for Interstellar Proteins, Bacteria, Etc, -- Astronomical Sources of Circularly Polarized Light and their Role in Determining Molecular Chirality on Earth -- Section IV. Universal Aspects of Biological Evolution -- Synthesis and
Analysis in Chemical Evolution -- Molecular Replication -- The Precambrian Evolution of Terrestrial Life -- Human Evolution: The View from Saturn -- Some Implications of Mass Extinction for the Evolution of Complex Life -- Evidence for
a Solar Companion Star -- The Universal Diagrams and Life in the Universe -- Universal Aspects of Biological Evolution -- On the Occurrence and Appearance of Galactic Life Forms: A Thermodynamic Approach -- Section V. Radio Searches —
Recent Observations -- SETI Observations Worldwide -- Project Sentinel: Ultra-Narrowband SETI at Harvard/Smithsonian -- The Ohio SETI Program — The First Decade -- A Search in the Infrared to Microwave for Astroengineering Activity --
Search for Strongly Polarized Radio Emission from E.T.I., and an Optimist Approach to the Great Silence (Fermi’s Paradox) -- Lunar Reflections of Terrestrial Radio Leakage -- Eavesdropping Detection of Radio Signals from other Planets
with one Bit Implementation Techniques Using Existing Computers -- Section VI. Technological Progress in Radio Searches -- Seti: A More Eclectic Approach -- The 8-Million Channel Narrowband Analyzer -- The Multichannel Spectrum
Analyzer -- Software Implementation of Detection Algorithms for the MCSA -- Seti: The Microwave Search Problem and the Targeted Search Approach -- Seti: The Microwave Search Problem and the NASA Sky Survey Approach -- An Analysis of
the Elements of an All Sky Survey -- Optimum Search Strategy for Randomly Distributed CW Transmitters -- A Milky Way Search Strategy for Extraterrestrial Intelligence -- The Serendip II Design -- New 45m Radio Telescope and
Fourier-Transform Type Spectrometer at Nobeyama Radio Observatory -- Section VII. The Fermi Paradox and Alternative Search Strategies -- A Comparative Analysis of Space Colonization Enterprises -- On The Question of Interstellar Travel
-- Exponential Expansion: Galactic Destiny or Technological Hubris? -- Where Are They? Implications of Ancient and Future Migrations -- Galactic Colonization and Competition in a Young Galactic Disk -- Extraterrestrial Intelligence:
Where is Everybody? -- Fermi Question, Fermi Paradox: One Hit, One Out -- On a Cosmic Alphabet -- On the Inevitability and the Possible Structures of Supercivilizations -- An Infrared Search in our Solar System as Part of a More
Flexible Search Strategy -- Section VIII. Summaries, Comments and Conclusions -- Summary of Session I. The Search for Planets Around other Stars -- Summary of Session II. Planetary, Interplanetary and Interstellar Organic Matter --
Summary of Session III. Universal Aspects of Biological Evolution -- Questionmarks Remaining -- Two Additional Comments -- A Look into the Future -- Concluding Remarks -- Activities and Resolutions of IAU Commission 51 -- Epilogue
ISBN:9789400954625
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronomical Union : 112
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9781461585190:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:3.1416 And All That
Author(s): Philip J Davis
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (188 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-8519-0
Contents:1. The Problem That Saved a Man’s Life -- 2. The Code of the Primes -- 3. Pompeiu’s Magic Seven -- 4. What Is an Abstraction? -- 5. Postulates—The Bylaws of Mathematics -- 6. The Logical Lie Detector -- 7. Number -- 8. The
Philadelphia Story -- 9. Poinsot’s Points and Lines -- 10. Chaos and Polygons -- 11. Numbers, Point and Counterpoint -- 12. The Mathematical Beauty Contest -- 13. The House That Geometry Built -- 14. Explorers of the Nth Dimension --
15. The Band-Aid Principle -- 16. The Spider and the Fly -- 17. A Walk in the Neighborhood -- 18. Division in the Cellar -- 19. The Art of Squeezing -- 20. The Business of Inequalities -- 21. The Abacus and the Slipstick -- 22. Of Maps
and Mathematics -- 23. “Mr. Milton, Mr. Bradley—Meet Andrey Andreyevich Markov” -- 24. 3.1416 and All That -- Ancient and Honorable Society of Pi Watchers: 1984 Report
ISBN:9781461585190
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400971103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Highlights of Astronomy As Presented at the XVIIIth General Assembly of the IAU, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (818 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7110-3
Contents:Invited Discourses -- Astronomy in Ancient Greece -- The Origin and Early History of the Sun and the Planetary System in the Context of Stellar Evolution -- Modern Cosmology -- Original and Development of Solar Flares -- Joint
Discussions -- 1. Solar Luminosity Variations (Chairaman: J.A. Eddy) -- 2. Evolution in Old Stellar Populations in Galaxies (Chairaman: G. Lyngå) -- 3. The Extragalactic Distance Scale and the Hubble Constant (Chairaman: P.W. Hodge) --
5. Origin and Evolution of Interplanetary Objects (Chairaman: B.A. Lindblad) -- 6. Active Galactic Nuclei (Chairaman: F. Pacini) -- 7. Mass Loss Phenomena (Chairaman: A.G. Hearn) -- Joint Commission Meetings -- 1. Giant H II Complexes
Outside Our Galaxy (Chairaman: J. Heidmann) -- 2. UV and X-Ray Observations of Interacting Binary Systems (Chairaman: Y. Kondo) -- 3. The Violent Interstellar Medium (Chairaman: V. Radhakrishnan) -- 4. Coma Models (Chairaman: B.D.
Donn) -- 5. Beams and Jets in Extragalactic Sources (Chairaman: R.D. Ekers) -- 6. The Local Supercluster and its Environment (Chairamen: G.O. Abell and B.E. Westerlund) -- 7. Atomic and Molecular Data (Chairamen: W. Bonsack, J.G.
Phillips and G. Traving) -- Author Index
ISBN:9789400971103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale : 6
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461255598:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy and History Selected Essays
Author(s): O Neugebauer
Date:1983
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource (539 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-5559-8
Contents:I. General -- [1] The Study of Wretched Subjects (1951) -- [2] Some Fundamental Concepts in Ancient Astronomy (1941) -- [3] Exact Science in Antiquity (1941) -- [4] The History of Ancient Astronomy: Problems and Methods (1946) -- [5]
Mathematical Methods in Ancient Astronomy (1948) -- [6] The Transmission of Planetary Theories in Ancient and Medieval Astronomy (1956) -- [7] The Survival of Babylonian Methods in the Exact Sciences of Antiquity and Middle Ages (1963)
-- [8] Zur Transkription mathematischer und astronomischer Keilschrifttexte (1932) -- 2. Egyptian -- [9] Die Bedeutungslosigkeit der “Sothisperiode” für die älteste ägyptische Chronologie (1938) -- [10] The Origin of the Egyptian
Calendar (1942) -- [11] The Egyptian “Decans” (1955) -- [12] On the Orientation of Pyramids (1980) -- 3. Babylonian -- [13] Über eine Untersuchungsmethode astronomischer Keilschrifttexte (1936) -- [14] Studies in Ancient Astronomy.
VII. Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses in Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy (1945) -- [15] Studies in Ancient Astronomy. VIII. The Water Clock in Babylonian Astronomy (1947) -- [16] The Alleged Babylonian Discovery of the Precession of the
Equinoxes (1950) -- [17] Problems and Methods in Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy, Henry Norris Russell Lecture, 1967 (1967) -- [18] The Origin of “System B” of Babylonian Astronomy (1968) -- 4. Greco-Roman -- [19] On Two Astronomical
Passages in Plutarch’s De animae procreatione in Timaeo (1942) -- [20] The Early History of the Astrolabe. Studies in Ancient Astronomy IX (1949) -- [21] The Astronomical Origin of the Theory of Conic Sections (1948) -- [22]
Astronomical Fragments in Galen’s On Seven-Month Children (1949) -- [23] The Horoscope of Ceionius Rufius Albinus (1953) -- [24] On the “Hippopede” of Eudoxus (1953) -- [25] Apollonius’ Planetary Theory (1955) -- [26] Notes on
Hipparchus (1956) -- [27] Ptolemy’s Geography, Book VII, Chapters 6 and 7 (1959) -- [28] The Equivalence of Eccentric and Epicyclic Motion According to Apollonius (1959) -- [29] Melothesia and Dodecatemoria (1959) -- [30] Decem
Tulerunt Fastidia Menses (1963) -- [31] On Some Aspects of Early Greek Astronomy (1972) -- [32] On the Allegedly Heliocentric Theory of Venus by Heraclides Ponticus (1972) -- [33] A Greek World Map (1975) -- 5. Medieval-Renaissance --
[34] The Astronomy of Maimonides and Its Sources (1949) -- [35] Hindu Astronomy at Newminster in 1428 (with O. Schmidt) (1952) -- [36] Tamil Astronomy: A Study in the History of Astronomy in India (1952) -- [37] Regula Philippi
Arrhidaei (1959) -- [38] Notes on Kepler (1961 & 1975) -- [39] Notes on Ethiopic Astronomy (1964) -- [40] On the Planetary Theory of Copernicus (1968) -- [41] Astronomical and Calendrical Data in the Très Riches Heures (1974) -- [42]
Tentyon (1975) -- [43] Ethiopic Easter Computus (1979)
ISBN:9781461255598
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Mathematics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geophysics/Geodesy , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9783642688362:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tidal Friction and the Earth’s Rotation II Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF) of the University of Bielefeld, September 28–October 3, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (348 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-68836-2
Contents:Julius Robert Mayer’s Ideas oil a Theory of Tidal Friction -- Tidal Friction Parameters from Satellite Observations -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Tidal Perturbations on Satellites Orbits -- 3. Global Ocean Tide Models -- 4. Lunar Tidal
Deceleration and Tidal Earth’ Q -- 5. Lunar Laser Ranging Results -- References -- On Some Topical Problems of the Dynamics of the Earth-Moon System -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Earth-Moon Force Function -- 3. The Effect of R?c on the
Earth’s Rotation Dynamics -- 4. Theoretical Non-Tidal Acceleration in the Moon’s Mean Motion on the Basis of Celestial Mechanics and the Non-Tidal Acceleration in the Earth’s Rotation -- 5. Other Phenomena -- 6. Conclusion --
References -- History of the Earth’s Rotation Since 700 B.C. -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Lunar Acceleration (n) -- 3. Analyses of Telescopic Observations: 1620–1978 -- 4. Medieval Fluctuations -- 5. Analysis of Ancient Observations --
6. Geophysical Implications -- References -- Deceleration of the Earth’s Rotation from Old Solar Observations -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Analysis of Solar Tables -- 3. The Length of the Year (Motion Comparison) -- 4. Conclusions --
References -- Long Time Integration of the Moon’s Orbit -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Physical Processes: A Qualitative Analysis -- 4. Conclusion -- Appendix I. The Present Status of the Gravitational Secular Acceleration -- Appendix II.
Precessional Equations -- References -- The Earth’s Non-Uniform Rotation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Angular Momentum of the Atmosphere -- 3. The Decade Variations in the Length of the Day and Core-Mantle Coupling -- References -- The
Rotation and the Magnetic Field of the Earth -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Weak or Strong Toroidal Fields? -- 3. Electromagnetic Core-Mantle Coupling -- References -- Gravitational Heating of Jovian Satellites by Tidal Friction --
References -- Balance Problems in Tidal Computations -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Theoretical Considerations -- 3. Numerical Estimates -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- The Resonance Behavior of the World Ocean -- 1. Introduction -- 2.
Tidal Resonance and Momentum Transfer -- 3. The Eigen Modes of the Present Ocean -- 4. Conclusions for the History of the Oceans -- References -- Tidal Friction for Times Around the Presence -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Extension of the
Hydro dynamic-Numerical Model -- 3. Results -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- Paleotides Before the Permian -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Method -- 3. Results -- 4. Discussion -- 5. Summary -- References -- On the Reduction in Tidal
Dissipation Produced by Increases in the Earth’s Rotation Rate and Its Effect on the Long-Term History of the Moon’s Orbit -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Ocean Model -- 3. The Astronomical Model -- 4. Results -- 5. Discussion --
References -- A Note on the Variability of Growth Increment Formation in the Shell of the Common Cockle Cerastoderma edule -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Different Types of Growth Patterns -- 3. Material and Method -- 4. Observations -- 5.
Discussion -- References -- Paleogeography and Paleobathymetry: Quantitative Reconstructions of Ocean Basins -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Paleogeographic Reconstructions -- 3. Paleobathymetric Reconstructions -- 4. An Example: The Tertiary
Atlantic Ocean -- References -- Mesozoic and Cenozoic Paleogeographic Maps -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Continental Fits -- 3. Paleomagnetic Orientations -- 4. Convergent Zones -- 5. Conclusions -- References -- Movements of the
Continental Crust and Lithosphere-Aestenosphere Systems in Precambrian Times -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Proterozoic Supercontinent -- 3. The Precambrian a.p.w. Path -- 4. Geophysical Implications of the Precambrian Palaeomagnetic
Record -- 5. Continental Concolidation and Lithosphere Development -- 6. Shelf Seas in Precambrian Times -- References -- Chemical and Isotopic Evidence for the Early History of the Earth-Moon System -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basalts
from Four Planets -- 3. Correlated Elements -- 4. Chemistry and Formation of Earth and Moon -- 5. Origin of the Moon -- References -- Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9783642688362
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9783642619106:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy
Author(s): Otto Neugebauer
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (1456 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-61910-6
Contents:Part One. Book I. The Almagest and its Direct Predecessors: Spherical Astronomy -- Lunar Theory -- Planetary Theory -- Apollonius -- Hipparchus. Book II. Babylonian Astronomy: Planetary Theory -- Lunar Theory -- The 'Saros' and Column
-- Early Babylonian Astronomy. Part Two. Book III. Egypt. Book IV. Early Greek Astronomy: The Beginning of Greek Astronomy -- Early Lunar and Solar Theory -- Early Planetary Theory -- The Development of Spherical Astronomy. Book IV.
Astronomy during the Roman Imperial Period and Late Antiquity: Planetary and Lunar Theory before Ptolemy -- Ptolemy's Minor Works and Related Topics -- The Time from Ptolemy to the Seventh Century -- Part Three. Book V. Appendices and
Indices. Figures and Plates: Chronological Concepts -- Astronomical Concepts -- Mathematical Concepts -- Indices -- Figures and Plates
ISBN:9783642619106
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences: 1
Keywords: Physics , Mathematics , History , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , History of Mathematical Sciences , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:Q124.95.L55::1992 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The beginnings of Western science : the European scientific tradition in philosophical, religious, and institutional context, 600 B.C. to A.D. 1450
Author(s): David C. Lindberg
Date:1992
Publisher:University of Chicago Press, Chicago
Size:455
ISBN:0226482308
Keywords: Science, Ancient History.
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Call number:QC721.E85::1970 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution of particle physics A volume dedicated to Edoardo Amaldi in his sixtieth birthday
Author(s): M. Conversi (ed.)
Date:1970
Publisher:New York : Academic Press
Size:342 p
Note:1968 Rochester International Conference on High Energy Physics
Contents:--Channeling of ultrarelativistic charged particles in crystals, by B. Ferretti.--Experimental work on coherent scattering of high-energy hadrons by light nuclei, by G. Fidecaro and M. Fidecaro.--The determination of the axiaal vector coupling for s trangeness nonchanging currents, by C. Franzinetti and G. Stoppini--Old problems and new ideas in elementary particle physics, by S. Fubini.--High energy e+-e annihilation into hadrons, by R. Gatto.--New frontiers of high-energy physics, by G. Giacomelli. --The K-K system in p-p annihilation at rest, by M. Goldhaber and C. N. Yang.--Symmetry principles in physics, by T. D. Lee.--The design and use of large electron synchrotrons, by A. W. Merrison.--Breaking of the SU3xSU3 symmetry in hadronic physics, by L . Michel and L. A. Radicati.--Structure of matter investigations by thermal neutrons in Rome, by A. Paoletti and S. Sciuti
--Search for new stable particles, by B. Pontecorvo.--The isobaric analog resonances in phenomenological nuclear spectroscopy, by R. A. Ricci.--The Crab nebula: ancient history and recent discoveries by B. Rossi.--The Kl-Ks mass difference, by C. Ru bbia.-- Suggestion for a more precise measurement of the n+-phase, by J. Steinberger.--An amateur's view of particle physics, by V. F. Weisskopf.--Some questions concerning adiabatic transformations, by G. Wick.--Range and straffling of muons, by R. R. Wi lson.--The Basic SU3 mixing: (1)8 to and from (1)1, by A. Zichichi.--List of papers by Edoardo Amaldi (p. [335]-342)
ISBN:0121861503
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:QC16.N7B93::2013 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Newton and the origin of civilization
Author(s): Jed Z. Buchwald
Mordechai Feingold
Date:2013
Publisher:Princeton : Princeton University Press
Size:529 p.
Contents:Troubled Senses -- Troubled Numbers -- Erudition and Chronology in Seventeenth-Century England -- Isaac Newton on Prophecies and Idolatry -- Aberrant Numbers : The Propagation of Mankind before and after the Deluge -- Newtonian History -- Text and Tes timony -- Interpreting Words -- Publication and Reaction -- The War on Newton in England -- The War on Newton in France -- The Demise of Chronology -- Evidence and History -- Appendix A: Signs, Conventions, Dating, and Definitions -- Appendix B: Newton's Computational Methods -- Appendix C: Commented Extracts from Newton's MS Calculations -- Appendix D: Placing Colures on the Original Star Globe -- Appendix E: Hesiod, Thales, and Stellar Risings and Settings.
ISBN:9780691154787
Keywords: Newton, Isaac, 1642-1727. , Scientists England Biography. , Philosophers England Biography. , Chronology, Historical History 17th century. , Civilization, Ancient Philosophy. , Europe Intellectual life 17th century. , Public opinion Europe History 17th century.
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Call number:QB843.B55G75::1992 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unveiling the edge of time : black holes, white holes, wormholes
Author(s): John Gribbin
Date:1992
Edition:1st ed.
Publisher:New York : Harmony Books
Size:248 p
Contents:Ancient history -- Warping space and time -- Dense stars -- Black holes abount -- Darkness at the edge of time -- Hyperspace connections -- Two ways to build a time machine -- Cosmic connections
ISBN:051758591X
Keywords: Black holes (Astronomy) , Schwarzes Loch.
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Call number:PE1128.S727::2005 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:400 must-have words for the TOEFL
Author(s): Lynn Stafford-Yilmaz
Lawrence J. Zwier
Date:2005
Publisher:McGraw-Hill
Contents:Nature LESSON 1 Food Crops LESSON 2 Disaster LESSON 3 Evolution and Migration LESSON 4 Petroleum Alternatives
Science LESSON 5 Time Efficiency LESSON 6 Ancient Life LESSON 7 Computers LESSON 8 Energy
Mind and Body LESSON 9 Memory LESSON 10 Spirituality LESSO N 11 Illness LESSON 12 Surgery LESSON 13 Ghosts
Society LESSON 14 Anthropology LESSON 15 Social Inequality LESSON 16 Expertise LESSON 17 Military Operations LESSON 18 War and Conquest LESSON 19 History
Money LESSON 20 Financial Systems LESSON 21 Wealth and Social Class LESSON 22 Personal Property LESSON 23 Employment LESSON 24 InternationalTrade
Government and Justice LESSON 25 Politics LESSON 26 A Reasonable Doubt LESSON 27 The Police LESSON 28 Investigating Crimes LESSON 29 Government Corruption LESSON 30 Crimes at Sea LESSON 31 The War on Drugs
Relationships LESSON 32 Family Relationships LESSON 33 Friendship LESSON 34 Passion LESSON 35 Negative Emotions
Culture LESSON 36 Social Rebels LESSON 37 Painting and Sculpture LESSON 38 The Written Word LESSON 39 Entertainment LESSON 40 Risky Fashions
Keywords: Test of English as a Foreign Language Study guides, English language Textbooks f
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