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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD HISTORY,GENERAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/24587.15 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword history,general ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319531922:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Systems under Gravitational Time Dilation
Author(s): Magdalena Zych
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIII, 139 p. 17 illus., 15 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Classical Clocks in General Relativity -- Quantum Clocks in General Relativity -- Quantum Complementarity and Time Dilation -- Interference of “Clocks” - Experimental Proposals -- Decoherence from Time Dilation -- Quantum Formulation
of the Einstein Equivalence Principle -- Clocks Beyond Classical Space-Time -- Conclusions and Outlook
ISBN:9783319531922
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:9783319517001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity and the Quantum Pedagogical Essays on Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Quantum Gravity
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 494 p. 54 illus p.)
Contents:J. Alcaniz et al. Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with angular two-point correlation function -- C. M. Boily Resonant disruption of binary stars by a catalytic black hole -- Rong-Gen Cai and Li-Ming Cao Mechanics of Apparent
Horizon in Two Dimensional Dilaton Gravity -- Sumanta Chakraborty Boundary Terms of the Einstein-Hilbert Action -- Timothy Clifton and John Barrow Decay of the Cosmic Vacuum Energy -- Naresh Dadhich Understanding General Relativity
after 100 years: A matter of perspective -- Tevian Dray Piecewise Conserved Quantities -- Pankaj Joshi Self-Similarity and Criticality in Gravitational Collapse -- Claus Kiefer Notes on semiclassical Weyl gravity -- Dawood Kothawala
Accelerated Observers, Thermal Entropy, and Spacetime Curvature -- Donald Lynden-Bell A local stress tensor for gravity Fields -- Michele Maggiore Nonlocal Infrared Modifications of Gravity: A Review -- Ayan Mukhopadhyay Emergence of
gravity and RG flow -- S. Modak Modelling non-paradoxical loss of information in black hole evaporation -- J.V. Narlikar Relativistic Paths : A Feynman Problem -- Martin Rees Thoughts on 50 years in astrophysics and cosmology and on
what comes next -- Sudipta Sarkar Area Theorem: General Relativity and Beyond -- Shankarnarayanan What Are the Atoms of Space Time? -- Suprit Singh From Quantum to Classical in the Sky -- T.P. Singh Classical and quantum: a conflict of
interest -- Lee Smolin Four principles for quantum gravity -- L. Sriramkurar What do detectors detect? -- Urjit A Yajnik Stability longevity and all that : false vacua and topological defects
ISBN:9783319517001
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:9783319509303:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Random Walks in the Quarter Plane Algebraic Methods, Boundary Value Problems, Applications to Queueing Systems and Analytic Combinatorics
Author(s): Guy Fayolle
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 248 p. 17 illus p.)
Contents:Introduction and History -- I The General Theory. - Probabilistic Background. - Foundations of the Analytic Approach. - The Case of a Finite Group -- II Applications to Queueing Systems and Analytic Combinatorics -- A Two-Coupled
Processor Model. - References
ISBN:9783319509303
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical statistics , Difference equations , Functional equations , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Probability and Statistics in Computer Science , Difference and Functional Equations
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Call number:9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.)
Contents:Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre­-Philosophical Period by Michael
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan --
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C.
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems:
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. <
ISBN:9783319444185
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics
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Call number:9783319394459:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Maths Meets Myths: Quantitative Approaches to Ancient Narratives
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (X, 228 p. 64 illus., 47 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Preface -- Foreword -- Introduction -- Cognitive and Network Constraints in Real Life and Literature -- A Networks Approach to Mythological Epics -- Medieval Historical, Hagiographical and Biographical Networks -- Peopling of the New
World from data on distributions of folklore motifs -- Phylogenetics Meets Folklore: Bioinformatic Approaches to the Study of International Folktales -- Analyses of a VirtualWorld -- Ghostscope: Conceptual Mapping of Supernatural
Phenomena in a Large Folklore Corpus -- Complex Networks of Words in Fables -- Analysing and Restoring the Chronology of the Irish Annals -- Mapping Literate Networks in Early Medieval Ireland Quantitative Realities, Social
Mythologies? -- How quantitative methods can shed light on a problem of comparative mythology: The myth of the struggle for supremacy between two groups of deities reconsidered
ISBN:9783319394459
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , History , Medieval philosophy , Historical linguistics , Social sciences , Physics , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks , History, general , Methodology of the Social Sciences , Historical Linguistics , Medieval Philosophy
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Call number:9781608071210:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Behavioral modeling and linearization of RF power amplifiers
Author(s): John Wood
Date:2014
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (362 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Introduction -- History of Mobile Wireless Communications -- Digital Modulation -- Filters for Digital Communication Systems -- Measures for Digital Communication Signals -- RF Power Amplifiers: Linearity and Efficiency -- Harmonic Loading -- The Doherty Amplifier -- The Polar Amplifier -- High-Efficiency PA Summary -- Linearization Techniques for RF PAs -- Polar Feedback -- Cartesian Feedback -- Feedforward -- Pre-distortion -- Behavioral Modeling -- Chapter 2 Models, Modeling, and Simulation -- Data- or Measurement-Based Models -- Physically Based Models -- Equivalent Circuit Models -- Compact Models -- Behavioral Models -- Function Fitting and Function Approximation -- Model Validation -- Circuit Si mulation -- Electromagnetic Simulation -- Device Physical Simulation -- Thermal Simulation -- System Simulation -- Chapter 3 Linear Systems and Identification -- Linear System Properties -- Instantaneous and Dynamic Systems -- Time Domain or Frequency Dom ain -- Convolution Integral and Impulse Response -- State Space Representation -- Discrete Time Representation -- General Transfer Function Models -- Noise and Disturbance Signals -- General Model Structure -- model Building -- Basis Functions -- Least Sq uares Algorithm -- Error Measures -- System Identification -- Nonlinear System Identification
Chapter 4 Modeling PA Nonlinearities -- Gain Compression in the PA -- Modeling the CW Input-Output Relationship -- Phase Characteristic - AM-to-PM Behavior -- Two-Tone Analysis -- Comments on the Two-Tone Analysis -- Chapter 5 Memory Effects -- Shor t-Term Memory Effects -- Long-Term Memory Effects -- Matching Networks -- Charge Storage in the Transistor -- Thermal Effects -- Trapping of Charge -- Bias and Supply Lines -- Including Memory Effects in the Nonlinear Model -- Chapter 6 Nonlinear Dynamica l Models -- Volterra Series -- Taylor Series -- Cascade of Linear and Nonlinear Components -- The Higher-Order Kernels -- Discrete-Time Expressions for Volterra Series -- Nonlinear Feedback Model -- Wiener and Hammerstein Models -- Memory Polynomial Model -- Parallel Cascade -- Orthogonal Basis Functions -- Advanced Volterra Series Models -- Dynamic Deviation Model -- Narrowband Approximation- Baseband Volterra Models -- Techniques for Building Volterra Models of Power Amplifiers -- Data Pre-conditioning -- Model Selection -- Model Solution: Parameter Estimation -- Model Validation -- Non-Volterra Models -- Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 7 Digital Pre-Distortion -- Pre-Distortion -- Gain and Bandwidth Concerns -- Pre-Distortion of the Digital Signal -- Digital Pre-Distortion System -- Baseband Signal Processing -- Crest Factor Reduction -- The DPD Function Block -- Adaptive Digital Pre-Distortion -- Indirect Learning DPD System -- Model Reference DPD System -- DPD Coefficient Adaption Techniques -- DPD System Implementation Details -- RF Section -- Data Converters -- Baseband Digital Signal Processing -- Chapter 8 Crest Fact or Reduction of Digital Communication Signals -- Cause of Signal Peaks -- CFR Overview -- Clip-and-Filter Approaches -- Peak Windowing -- Partial Transmit Sequence -- Tone Reservation -- Constellation Extension -- Coding -- CFR for Downlink LTE Using Phas e-Shifted Resource Blocks -- Chapter 9 RF Pre-Distortion -- RFPD vs. DPD -- Implementation -- From RF to Baseband and Back to RF -- Volterra Series Simplification -- RFPD Architecture -- Analyzing and Processing Engine -- Analog Data Path -- Technical Cha llenges and Analog Limitations -- Offsets - Impact on the Pre-distortion Signal -- Peak-to-Average Power Ratio -- Signal Expansion and Compression -- Bandwidth Expansion -- Temperature Effects -- Normalizing the CORR -- Nonlinear Operator Normalization -- SC1894 -- Carrier Aggregation -- Chapter 10 Frequency Domain Models -- Frequency Domain Nonlinear Models . Amplifier 2 Model -- P2D Model -- X-Parameters -- S-Functions Model -- The Cardiff Model
ISBN:9781608071203
Series:Artech House microwave library.
Series:Artech eBooks
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Amplifiers, Radio frequency. , Amplifiers, Radio frequency. fast
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Call number:T10.7.U85::2012 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Using the engineering literature
Author(s): Bonnie A. Osif (ed.)
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:CRC Press
Size:580 p
Contents:Introduction -- General engineering resources -- Minorities in engineering -- Aeronautical and aerospace engineering -- Agricultural and food engineering -- Architectureal engineering -- Bioengineering -- Chemical engineering -- Civil engineering -- Computer engineering -- Electrical and elctronics engineering -- Engineering education -- Environmental engineering -- History of engineering -- Industrial engineering -- Materials science and and engineering -- Mechanical engineering -- Mining engineerin g -- Nuclear engineering -- Petroleum engineering and refining -- Transportation engineering
ISBN:9781439850022
Keywords: Engineering , Technical literature
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Location: STAFF REFERENCE

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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319285825:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Cultures The London Meetings 2012-2014
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (24 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28582-5
Contents:Introduction -- Understanding the cultural construction of school mathematics -- Envisioning Transformations – The Practice of Topology -- Creative Discomfort: The Culture of the Gelfand Seminar at Moscow University -- Mathematical Culture and Mat hematics Education in Hungary in the XXth Century -- On the Emergence of a New Mathematical Object: an Ethnography of a Duality Transform -- What are we like… -- Mathematics as a social differentiating factor: men of letters, politicians and engineers i n Brazil through the Nineteenth Century -- “The End of Proof”? The integration of different mathematical cultures as experimental mathematics comes of age -- Diversity in Proof Appraisal -- What would the mathematics curriculum look like if instead of concepts and techniques, values were the focus? -- Mathematics and Values -- Purity as a Value in the German-speaking area -- Values in Caring for Proof -- An empirical approach to the mathematical values of problem choice and argumentation -- The
Notion of Fit as a Mathematical Value -- Mathematical Pull -- Mathematics and First Nations in Western Canada: from cultural destruction to a re-awakening of mathematical reflections -- Remunerative Combinatorics: Mathematicians and their Sponsors i n the Mid-Twentieth Century -- Calling a Spade a Spade: Mathematics in the New Pattern of Division of Labour -- Mathematics and mathematical cultures in fiction: the case of Catherine Shaw -- Morality and Mathematics -- The Great Gibberish - Mathematics i n Western Popular Culture -- Is Mathematics an issue of general education?
ISBN:9783319285825
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Philosophy and science , History , Mathematics , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Mathematics Education , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319231020:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematician for All Seasons Recollections and Notes, Vol. 2 (1945–1968)
Author(s): Hugo Steinhaus
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (20 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-23102-0
Contents:Foreword to the first Polish edition -- Introduction to the English edition -- Part I: Jaslo -- The Gymnasium -- In the capital Lwów -- Göttingen -- The return home -- The life of a private scholar -- Part II: In the university town Lwów -- The first occupation -- Interlude: Flashes of memory -- The second occupation -- Homeless wandering -- Osiczyna -- Interlude: Flashes of memory -- Stróze -- Diary entries -- A flash of memory -- Diary entries (continued) -- Between Kraków and Wroclaw -- Wro claw -- A taste of America -- Wroclaw again -- America again -- Home again -- Index of names
ISBN:9783319231020
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Vita Mathematica : 19
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , History, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319200460:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (57 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20046-0
Contents:Part I The Life and Work of Karl Schwarzschild. -Karl Schwarzschild and Frankfurt (Frank Linhard) -- Part II Black Holes in Classical General Relativity, Numerical Relativity, Astrophysics, Cosmology and Alternative Theories of
Gravity -- Black Hole Observations - towards the Event Horizon (Silke Britzen) -- Primordial Black Holes and Quantum Effects (B. J. Carr) -- There are no black holes - Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (Walter Greiner, Peter O. Hess,
Mirko Schäfer, Thomas Schönenbach, and Gunther Caspar) -- Analytical solutions for geodesic equation in black hole spacetimes (Claus Lämmerzahl and Eva Hackmann) -- A physical derivation of the Kerr–Newman black hole solution (Reinhard
Meinel) -- On the Black Holes in alternative theories of gravity: The case of non-linear massive gravity (Ivan Arraut) -- The Near-Horizon Limit (Jiří Daněk) -- Sourcing a Varying-Mass Black Hole in a Cosmological Background (Michele
Fontanini, Daniel C. Guariento) -- Tidally Distorted Black Holes (Norman Gürlebeck) -- Self–completeness in Alternative Theories of Gravity (Maximiliano Isi, Jonas Mureika and Piero Nicolini) -- Gravitational collapse to black holes
and more (Daniele Malafarina) -- Experimental Tests of Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (Thomas Schönenbach, Gunther Caspar, Peter O. Hess, Thomas Boller, Andreas Müller, Mirko Schäfer and Walter Greiner) -- Magnetic field
amplification in hypermassive neutron stars via the magnetorotational instability (Daniel M. Siegel and Riccardo Ciolfi) -- Extracting information on the equation of state from binary neutron stars (Kentaro Takami, Luciano Rezzolla and
Luca Baiotti) -- Part III Black Holes in Quantum Gravity and String Theory -- Higher Spin AdS / CFT correspondence & quantum gravity aspects of AdS/CFT (Martin Ammon) -- Black Holes in the Asymptotic Safety program (Alfio Bonanno) --
Quantum black holes and effective quantum gravity approaches (Xavier Calmet) -- The Black Hole Uncertainty Principle Correspondence (B. J. Carr) -- Scattering and unitarity methods in two dimensions (Valentina Forini, Lorenzo Bianchi
and Ben Hoare) -- Gravity Duals to Non-Relativistic Quantum Field Theories (Andreas Karch and Stefan Janiszewski) -- A ‘regularized’ Schwarzschild solution (F.R. Klinkhamer) -- The Chemistry of Black Holes (Robert B. Mann) -- Black
Holes in Supergravity (K. S. Stelle) -- Thermodynamic of Distorted Reissner-Nordström Black Holes in Five-dimensions (Shohreh Abdolrahimi) -- What is the Schwarzschild radius of a quantum mechanical particle? (Roberto Casadio) -- The
Background Effective Average Action Approach to Quantum Gravity (Giulio D’Odorico, Alessandro Codello, and Carlo Pagani) -- Phase transitions of regular Schwarzschild-Anti-de Sitter black holes (Antonia Micol Frassino) -- Vector Fields
and Kerr/CFT Correspondence (A. M. Ghezelbash) -- Black Holes in Non-relativistic Holography (Stefan Janiszewski) -- Black holes and running couplings: A comparison of two complementary approaches (Benjamin Koch, Carlos Contreras,
Paola Rioseco, and Frank Saueressig) -- Quantum Harmonic Black Holes (Alessio Orlandi, Roberto Casadio) -- Holographic entanglement entropy of semi-local quantum liquids (Da-Wei Pang, Johanna Erdmenger, and Hansjörg Zeller) --
Quadratic Palatini gravity and stable black hole remnants (D. Rubiera-Garcia, Francisco S. N. Lobo, and Gonzalo J. Olmo) -- Kermions (Elizabeth Winstanley) -- Part IV Other Topics in Contemporary Gravitation -- Quantum Gravity and the
Cosmological Constant Problem (J. W. Moffat) -- Emergent gravity and the cosmological constant (T. Padmanabhan) -- Tunnelling methods and Unruh-DeWitt detectors in curved spacetimes (Giovanni Acquaviva) -- Fermions on adS (Victor E.
Ambrus, and Elizabeth Winstanley) -- Study on Rescaling Extrinsic Curvature in Gravitational Initial Data (Shan Bai and Niall ´O Murchadha) -- Massive gravities (Dennis D. Dietrich) -- Self Sustained Traversable Wormholes and Topology
Change Induced by Gravity’s Rainbow (Remo Garattini) -- A general maximum entropy principle for self-gravitating perfect fluid (Sijie Gao) -- Dynamical holographic QCD model: resembling renormalization group from ultraviolet to
infrared (Mei Huang and Danning Li) -- Modified Theories of Gravity with Nonminimal Coupling and the Faint Young Sun Paradox (Lorenzo Iorio) -- A Practical Look at Regge Calculus (Dimitri Marinelli and Giorgio Immirzi) -- Boundary
States of the Potts Model on Random Planar Maps (Benjamin Niedner, Max Atkin and John Wheater) -- One-loop Effective Action in Quantum Gravitation (L. Rachwal, A. Codello, and R. Percacci) -- Heavy Probes in Strongly Coupled Plasmas
With Chemical Potential (Andreas Samberg and Carlo Ewerz)
ISBN:9783319200460
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 170
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Particle and Nuclear Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319198781:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Starlight Night The Sky in the Writings of Shakespeare, Tennyson, and Hopkins
Author(s): David H Levy
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-19878-1
Contents:Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Dedication -- Introduction -- Part I: The Sky in Early Modern English Literature -- Chapter One: The Stella Novae of 1572 and 1604 -- Chapter Two: Comets and Meteors: A Rich Harvest from 1573 to 1607 --
Chapter Three: These Late Eclipses -- Chapter Four: Of Signs and Seasons -- Chapter Five: The Telescope in Early Modern English Literature -- Part II: The Sky in the Poetry of Tennyson and Hopkins -- Chapter Six: Bridging the
Centuries: Astronomical Discoveries Between the Eras of Shakespeare and of Tennyson and Hopkins -- Chapter Seven: Leading Up to the Victorian Age: Moving Toward Hopkins and Tennyson -- Chapter Eight: Arise and Fly -- Chapter Nine:
Scarce Worth Discovery -- Chapter Ten: Hopkins and the Starlight Night -- Appendix A: A Selection of References to the Sky in Writings from 1572 to 1620 -- Appendix B: A selection of references to the sky in the writings of Hopkins --
Works Cited
ISBN:9783319198781
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 419
Keywords: Physics , History , Philology , Linguistics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , History, general , Language and Literature
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642453847:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Life and Death of the Stars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ganesan Srinivasan
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume is devoted to one of the fascinating things about stars: how they evolve as they age. This evolution is different for stars of different masses. How stars end their lives when their supply of energy is exhausted alsodepends on their masse s. Interestingly, astronomers conjectured about the ultimate fate of the stars even before the details of their evolution became clear. Part I of this book gives an account of the remarkable predictions madeduring the 1920s and 1930s concerning the ultima te fate of stars. Since much of this development hinged on quantum physics that emerged during this time, a detailed introduction to the relevant physics is included in the book. Part IIis a summary of the life history of stars. This discussion is divided into three parts: low-mass stars, like our Sun, intermediate-mass stars, and massive stars. Many of the concepts of contemporary astrophysics were built on thefoundation erected by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in the 1930s. This book, written during his bi rth centenary, includes a brief biographical sketch of the brilliant scientist, which readers will find fascinating. Reading this book willget young students excited about the presently unfolding revolution in astronomy and the challenges that await them in the world of physics, engineering and technology. General readers will also find the book appealing for its highlyaccessible narrative of the physics of stars. This book is a companionvolume of What are the Stars? by the same author. I know of no other book on the evolution of stars of a similar scope and breadth that is soaccessible for undergraduate students. E P J van den Heuvel Professor of Astrophysics Winner of the Spinoza and Descartes PrizesUniversity of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Contents:Part I: A Historical Perspective
What Are the Stars?
Stars in Their Youth
White Dwarf Stars
The Principles of Statistical Mechanics
FermiDirac Distribution
Quantum Stars
The Chandrasekhar Limit
The Absurd Behaviour of Stars: Not All Stars Will Have Energy to Cool
Guest Stars
Supernovae, Neutron Stars and Black Holes
A Profile of Chandra
Part II: The Life History of StarsA Modern Perspective
To Burn or Not To Burn
What Does the Future Hold for the Sun?
Life History of Intermediate Mass Stars
Diamonds in the Sky
Exploding Stars
ISBN:9783642453847
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068749:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geomathematics: Theoretical Foundations, Applications and Future Developments [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frits Agterberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides a wealth of geomathematical case history studies performed by the author during his career at the Ministry of Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada (NRCan-GSC). Several of the techniques newlydeveloped by the author and colleagues that are described in this book have become widely adopted, not only for further research by geomathematical colleagues, but by government organizations and industry worldwide. These includeWeights-of-Evidence modelling, mineral resource e stimation technology, trend surface analysis, automatic stratigraphic correlation and nonlinear geochemical exploration methods. The author has developed maximum likelihood methodologyand spline-fitting techniques for the construction of the international numerical geologic timescale. He has introduced the application of new theory of fractals and multifractals in the geostatistical evaluation of regional mineralresources and ore reserves and to study the spatial distribution of metals in rocks. The book also contains sections deemed important by the author but that have not been widely adopted because they require further research. Theseinclude the geometry of preferred orientations of contours and edge effects on maps, time series analysis of Quaternary retreating ice sheet related sedimentary data, estimation of first and last appearances of fossil taxa fromfrequency distributions of their observed first and last occurrences, tectonic reactivation along pre-existing schistosity planes in fold belts, us e of the grouped jackknife method for bias reduction in geometrical extrapolations, andnew applications of the theory of permanent, volume-independent frequency distributions
Contents:Foreword
Preface
1. Complexity of the Geological Framework and Use of Mathematics
2. Probability and Statistics
3.Maximum Likelihood, Lognormality and Compound Distributions
4.Correlation, Method of Least Squares, Linear Regression and the General Linear Model
5.Prediction of Occurrence of Discrete Events
6. Autocorrelation and Geostatistics
7.2D and 3D Trend Analysis
8.Statistical Analysis of Directional Features
9. Automated Stratigraphic Correlation, Splining and Geological Timescales
10. Fractals
11. Multifractals and Singularity Analysis
12
ISBN:9783319068749
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v18
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Geochemistry , GeologyxMathematics , Geology, Structural , Mines and mineral resources , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319042923:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:History and Evolution of Concepts in Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Harry Varvoglis
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Our understanding ofnature, and in particular of physics and the laws governing it, has changed radically since the days of the ancient Greek natural philosophers. This book explains how and why these changes occurred, throughlandmark experiments as well as theories that - for their time - wererevolutionary. The presentation covers Mechanics, Optics, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, Relativity Theory, Atomic Physicsand Quantum Physics. The book placesemphasis on ideas and on a qualitative presentati on, rather than on mathematics and equations. Thus, althoughprimarily addressed to those who are studying or have studied science,it can alsobe read by non-specialists. The authorconcludeswith a discussion ofthe evolution and organization of universities, from ancient times until today, and ofthe organization and dissemination of knowledge through scientific publications and conferences
Contents:Part I From Ancient Greece to the Renaissance
Physical Sciences and Physics
The Ideas of Greeks About Nature
From the Classical Era to the Renaissance
Part II From the Renaissance to the Present Era
The Major Branchesof Physics
Mechanics
Optics
Static Magnetism and Electricity
Electric Currents and Electromagnetism
Heatand Thermodynamics
Kinetic Theory of Ideal Gases
Physics of the 20th Century
Lessons from Three Centuries of Physics
Organization of Teaching and Research
ISBN:9783319042923
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319029016:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stratonauts [electronic resource] : Pioneers Venturing into the Stratosphere
Author(s): Manfred Dutch Ehrenfried
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Stratonauts chronicles humankinds quest for ever higher altitudes from ancient times to the present. It is based upon history, science and technology, and tells some interesting and fascinating stories along the way. It paystribute to those killed wh ile attempting to reach the stratosphere over the past several centuries. Dutch von Ehrenfried uses his personal experience as a NASA sensor operator on the RB-57F, flying to an altitude of 70,000feet, as well as the input and experience from other RB-57 F, U-2, A-12, SR-71 and F-104 pilots. Although many of the aircraft and balloons are described, more emphasis is placed on the crews and what they went through. This book isintended for aviators of all kinds and flying enthusiasts in general
Contents:Introduction
The Atmosphere
The Problems
Pressure Suit History
The Ancient Would
Be Stratonauts
The Early War Years
The Exploration Years
The Experimental Pilots
The U2 Stratonauts
The Blackbird Stratonauts
The Long Wing Stratonauts
Other Unique High Altitude Aircraft
Modern Aeronauts
Qualifications & Training
ISBN:9783319029016
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Science History , Astrophysics , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319017723:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Properties in Non-Equilibrium and Anomalous Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dario Villamaina
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The study of fluctuations in statistical physics has a long history, and a general theory is well established, connecting fluctuations to response properties of equilibrium systems. Remarkably, this framework fails as soon as somecurrent is flowing a cross the system, driving it out of equilibrium. The presence of currents is quite common in nature and produces rich phenomena which are far from being included in a general framework. This thesis focuses on thisgeneral problem by studying different mode ls such as granular materials and systems exhibiting anomalous diffusion and shows how the generalized response techniques can be successfully used to catch the relevant degrees of freedom thatdrive the systems out of equilibrium. This study paves the way to the use of the generalized fluctuation relations in an operative way, in order to extract information from a non-equilibrium system and to build the correspondingphenomenological theory
Contents:Dedication
Acknowledgements
Supervisors' Foreword
1 Introduction
2 Non
Equilibrium Steady States
3 The Effects of Memory on Response and Entropy Production
4 The Motion of a Tracer in a Granular Gas
5 Anomalous Transport and Non
Equilibrium
6 Conclusions and Perspectives
Appendices A1
A4
ISBN:9783319017723
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319011622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:50 Years of Brown Dwarfs [electronic resource] : From Prediction to Discovery to Forefront of Research
Author(s): Viki Joergens
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The years 2012/2013 mark the 50th anniversary of the theoretical prediction that Brown Dwarfs, i.e. degenerate objects which are just not massive enough to sustain stable hydrogen fusion, exist. Some 20 years after theirdiscovery, how Brown Dwarfs fo rm is still one of the main open questions in the theory of star formation. In this volume, the pioneers of Brown Dwarf research review the history of the theoretical prediction and the subsequentdiscovery of Brown Dwarfs. After an introduction, written b y Viki Joergens, reviewing Shiv Kumar's theoretical prediction of the existence of brown dwarfs, Takenori Nakano reviews his and Hayashi's calculation of the Hydrogen BurningMinimum Mass. Both predictions happened in the early 1960s. Jill Tarter then writ es on the introduction of the term 'Brown Dwarf', before Ben Oppenheimer, Rafael Rebolo and Gibor Basri describe their first discovery of Brown Dwarfs inthe 1990s. Lastly, Michael Cushing and Isabelle Baraffe describe the development of the field to the c urrent state of the art. While the book is mainly aimed at the Brown Dwarf research community, the description of the pioneeringperiod in a scientific field will attract general readers interested in astronomy as well
Contents:The Theoretical Prediction of the Existence of Brown Dwarfs by Shiv S. Kumar
Pre
Main Sequence Evolution and the Hydrogen Burning Minimum Mass
Brown is Not a Color: Introduction of the Term Brown Dwarf
Teide 1 and the Discovery of Brown Dwarfs
The Discovery of the First Lithium Brown Dwarf: PPl 15
Companions of Stars: From Other Stars to Brown Dwarfs to Planets
Ultracool Objects: L, T, and Y Dwarfs
Latest News on the Physics of Brown Dwarfs
ISBN:9783319011622
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v401
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783034808408:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Variable Lebesgue Spaces and Hyperbolic Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Cruz-Uribe
Alberto Fiorenza
Michael Ruzhansky
Jens Wirth
Sergey Tikhonov
Date:2014
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book targets graduate students and researchers who want to learn about Lebesgue spaces and solutions to hyperbolic equations. It is divided into two parts. Part 1 provides an introduction to the theory of variable Lebesguespaces: Banach function spaces like the classical Lebesgue spaces but with the constant exponent replaced by an exponent function. These spaces arise naturally from the study of partial differential equations and variational integralswith non-standard growth conditions. They ha ve applications to electrorheological fluids in physics and to image reconstruction. After an introduction that sketches history and motivation, the authors develop the function spaceproperties of variable Lebesgue spaces proofs are modeled on the classic al theory. Subsequently, the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator is discussed. In the last chapter, other operators from harmonic analysis are considered, such asconvolution operators and singular integrals. The text is mostly self-contained, with only some more technical proofs and background material omitted. Part 2 gives an overview of the asymptotic properties of solutions to hyperbolicequations and systems with time-dependent coefficients. First, an overview of known results is given for general scalar hyperbolic equations of higher order with constant coefficients. Then strongly hyperbolic systems withtime-dependent coefficients are considered. A feature of the described approach is that oscillations in coefficients are allowed. Propagators for the Ca uchy problems are constructed as oscillatory integrals by working in appropriatetime-frequency symbol classes. A number of examples is considered and the sharpness of results is discussed. An exemplary treatment of dissipative terms shows how effective lo wer order terms can change asymptotic properties and thuscomplements the exposition
Contents:Part I: Introduction to the Variable Lebesgue Spaces
Introduction and motivation
Properties of variable Lebesgue spaces
The Hardy
Littlewood maximal operator
Extrapolation in variable Lebesgue spaces
Part II:Asymptotic Behaviour of Solutions to Hyperbolic Equations and Systems
Equations with constant coefficients
Some interesting model cases
Time
dependent hyperbolic systems
Effective lower order perturbations
Examples and counter
examples
Related topics
ISBN:9783034808408
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona, 2297-0304 : v27
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Integral equations , Differential equations, partial , Functions, special
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783034808316:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic in the 1920s and 1930s in Poland [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roman Murawski
Date:2014
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:The aim of this book is to present and analyze philosophical conceptions concerning mathematics and logic as formulated by Polish logicians, mathematicians and philosophers in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a remarkable period inthe history of Polish sc ience, in particular in the history of Polish logic and mathematics. Therefore, it is justified to ask whether and to what extent the development of logic and mathematics was accompanied by a philosophicalreflection. We try to answer those questions by an alyzing both works of Polish logicians and mathematicians who have a philosophical temperament as well as their research practice. Works and philosophical views of the following Polishscientists will be analyzed: Wacaw Sierpiski, Zygmunt Janiszewski, Stef an Mazurkiewicz, Stefan Banach Hugo Steinhaus, Eustachy ylisk and Leon Chwistek, Jan ukasiewicz, Zygmunt Zawirski, Stanisaw Leniewski, TadeuszKotarbiski, Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Alfred Tarski, Andrzej Mostowski and Henryk Mehlberg, Jan Sleszyski, Stanisaw Zaremba and Witold Wilkosz. To indicate the background of scientists being active in the 1920s and 1930s we considerin Chapter 1 some predecessors, in particular: Jan niadecki, Jzef Maria Hoene-Wroski, Samuel Dickstein and Edward Stamm
Contents:Introduction
Predecessors
The Polish School of Mathematics
Lvov
Warsaw School of Philosophy
Benedykt Bornstein
Cracow Centre
Conclusion
Biographical Notes
Bibliography
Index of Names
ISBN:9783034808316
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science Networks. Historical Studies, 1421-6329 : v48
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Philosophy (General) , Logic , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493906185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Holy Sci-Fi! [electronic resource] : Where Science Fiction and Religion Intersect
Author(s): Paul J Nahin
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Can a computer have a soul? Are religion and science mutually exclusive?Is there really such a thing as free will?If you could time travel to visit Jesus, would you (and should you)?For hundreds of years, philosophers,scientists, and science fiction writers have pondered these questions and many more. In Holy Sci-Fi!, popular writer Paul Nahin explores the fertile and sometimes uneasy relationship between science fiction and religion. With a scopespanning the history of religion, philosophy, and lite rature, Nahin follows religious themes in science fiction from Feynman to Foucault, and from Asimov to Aristotle. An intriguing journey through popular and well-loved books andstories, Holy Sci-Fi! shows how sci-fi has informed humanity's attitudes toward s our faiths, our future, and ourselves
Contents:1. Introduction
Authors Note One
God and Skepticism
God, Fantasy, and Science Fiction
God and Science
Authors Note Two
2. Religious Science Fiction Before Science Fiction
The 'Start' of Modern SF
Before the 'Start' of SF
Early Theological SF
Theological Maturity
3. Time, Space, God's Omniscience, and Free Will
What is Time?
Time in SF and Theology
The Four
Dimensional World
The Block Universe
God's Omniscience in Theology and SF
4. Religious Robots
Alan Turing, Artificial Minds, and the Souls of Machines
Asimovs Robotic Laws
ISBN:9781493906185
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Philosophy , Science Philosophy , Technology Philosophy , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461491552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook on the History of Mathematics Education [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Karp
Gert Schubring
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the first comprehensive International Handbook on the History of Mathematics Education, covering a wide spectrum of epochs and civilizations, countries and cultures. Until now, much of the research into the rich and variedhistory of mathemati cs education has remained inaccessible to the vast majority of scholars, not least because it has been written in the language, and for readers, of an individual country. And yet a historical overview, howeverbrief, has become an indispensable element of nearly every dissertation and scholarly article. This handbook provides, for the first time, a comprehensive and systematic aid for researchers around the world in finding the informationthey need about historical developments in mathematics education, no t only in their own countries, but globally as well. Although written primarily for mathematics educators, this handbook will also be of interest to researchers of thehistory of education in general, as well as specialists in cultural and even social hist ory
Contents:Part 1. History and Methodology of the Field
1.On historiography of teaching and learning mathematics
2.The History of Mathematics Education: Developing a Research Methodology
Part 2.Mathematics Education in Different Epochs and in Different Regions: Antiquity and the Middle Ages
3.Mathematics Education in Antiquity
4.Mathematics Education in Oriental Antiquity and the Middle Ages
5.Teaching the Mathematical Sciences in Islamic Societies, 8th
17th Centuries
6.Mathematics Education in the European Middle Ages
Part 3.Mathematics Education in Different Epochs and in Differ
ISBN:9781461491552
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461488484:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar System Astrophysics [electronic resource] : Background Science and the Inner Solar System
Author(s): Eugene F Milone
William J.F Wilson
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The second edition of Solar System Astrophysics: Background Science and the Inner Solar System provides new insights into the burgeoning field of planetary astronomy. As in the first edition, this volume begins with a rigoroustreatment of coordinate frames, basic positional astronomy, and the celestial mechanics of two and restricted three body system problems. Perturbations are treated in the same way, with clear step-by-step derivations. Then theEarths gravitational potential field and the Earth-Mo on system are discussed, and the exposition turns to radiation properties with a chapter on the Sun. The exposition of the physical properties of the Moon and the terrestrialplanets are greatly expanded, with much new information highlighted on the Moon, Mercury, Venus, and Mars. All of the material is presented within a framework of historical importance. This book and its sister volume, Solar SystemAstrophysics: Planetary Atmospheres and the Outer Solar System, are pedagogically well written, providing clearly illustrated explanations, for example, of such topics as the numerical integration of the Adams-Williamson equation, theequations of state in planetary interiors and atmospheres, Maxwells equations as applied to planetary ionospheres and magnetosp heres, and the physics and chemistry of the Habitable Zone in planetary systems. Together, the volumesform a comprehensive text for any university course that aims to deal with all aspects of solar and extra-solar planetary systems. They will appeal separ ately to the intellectually curious who would like to know just how far ourknowledge of the solar system has progressed in recent years
Contents:Perceptions of the Solar System in History
Basic Tools and Techniques
Celestial Mechanics
The Core of the Solar System: The Sun
General Properties of Terrestrial Planets
Planetary Heat Flow and Temperatures
Rocks and Minerals
The Moon's Surface, Structure, and Evolution
Surface Science of our Terrestrial Planets
ISBN:9781461488484
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461478911:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring Science Through Science Fiction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Barry B Luokkala
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:How does Einsteins description of space and time compare with Dr. Who? Can James Bond really escape from an armor-plated railroad car by cutting through the floor with a laser concealed in a wristwatch? What would it take tocreate a fully-intelligent android, such as Star Treks Commander Data? How might we discover intelligent civilizations on other planets in the galaxy? Is human teleportation possible? Will our technological society ever reach thepoint at which it becomes lawful to discriminate on the basis of genetic information, as in the movie GATTACA? Exploring Science Through Science Fiction addresses these and other interesting questions, using science fiction as aspringboard for discussing fundamental science concepts and cutting-edge scienc e research. The book is designed as a primary text for a college-level course which should appeal to students in the fine arts and humanities as well as toscience and engineering students. It includes references to original research papers, landmark scien tific publications and technical documents, as well as a broad range of science literature at a more popular level. With over 180references to specific scenes in 130 sci-fi movies and TV episodes, spanning over 100 years of cinematic history, it should be an enjoyable read for anyone with an interest in science and science fiction
Contents:Preface
1 Introduction: Discerning the Real, the Possible and the Impossible
2 What is the Nature of Space and Time? (the physics of space travel and time travel)
3 What is the Universe Made of? (matter, energy and interactions)
4 Can a Machine Become Self Aware? (the sciences of computing and cognition)
5 Are We Alone in the Universe? (the search for extraterrestrial intelligence)
6 What does it Mean to be Human? (biological sciences, biotechnology and other considerations)
7 How do We Solve Our Problems? (science, technology and society)
8 What Lies Ahead? (the future
ISBN:9781461478911
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Astrophysics , Science (General) , Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400754430:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity, a Geometrical Course [electronic resource] : Volume 2: Black Holes, Cosmology and Introduction to Supergravity
Author(s): Pietro Giuseppe Fr
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Gravity, a Geometrical Course presents general relativity (GR) in a systematic and exhaustive way, covering three aspects that are homogenized into a single texture: i) the mathematical, geometrical foundations, exposed ina self consistent contempora ry formalism, ii) the main physical, astrophysical and cosmological applications, updated to the issues of contemporary research and observations, with glimpses on supergravity and superstring theory, iii)the historical development of scientific ideas und erlying both the birth of general relativity and its subsequent evolution. The book is divided in two volumes. Volume Two is covers black holes, cosmology and an introduction tosupergravity. The aim of this volume is two-fold. It completes the presentatio n of GR and it introduces the reader to theory of gravitation beyond GR, which is supergravity. Starting with a short history of the black hole concept,the book covers the Kruskal extension of the Schwarzschild metric, the causal structures of Lorentzian manifolds, Penrose diagrams and a detailed analysis of the Kerr-Newman metric. An extensive historical account of the development ofmodern cosmology is followed by a detailed presentation of its mathematical structure, including non-isotropic cosmologies and billiards, de Sitter space and inflationary scenarios, perturbation theory and anisotropies of the CosmicMicrowave Background. The last three chapters deal with the mathematical and conceptual foundations of supergravity in the frame of free different ial algebras. Branes are presented both as classical solutions of the bulk theory andas world-volume gauge theories with particular emphasis on the geometrical interpretation of kappa-supersymmetry. The rich bestiary of special geometries underlying super gravity lagrangians is presented, followed by a chapterproviding glances on the equally rich collection of special solutions of supergravity. Pietro Fr is Professor of Theoretical
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Acknowledgement
Preface
1
Introduction
2. Extended Space
Times, Causal Structure and Penrose Diagrams
3. Rotating Black
Holes and Thermodynamics
4. Cosmology: a Historical Outline from Kant to WMAP and Planck
5. Cosmology and General Relativity: Mathematical Description of the Universe
6. Supergravity: the Principles
7. The Branes: Three Viewpoints
8. Supergravity: a Bestiary in Diverse Dimensions
9. Supergravity: an Anthology of Solutions
10. Conclusion of Volume Two
Appendix A. Spinors and gamma matrix algebra
Appendix B. Auxiliary tools for p
brane
ISBN:9789400754430
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783540708568:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ernst Zermelo - Collected Works/Gesammelte Werke II [electronic resource] : Volume II/Band II - Calculus of Variations, Applied Mathematics, and Physics/Variationsrechnung, Angewandte Mathematik und Physik
Author(s): Ernst Zermelo
Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus
Akihiro Kanamori
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540708568
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Schriften der Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften : v23
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History , Philosophy (General) , Computer science , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461470045:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Analysis [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): Michel Willem
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The goal of this work is to present the principles of functional analysis in a clear and concise way. The first three chapters of Functional Analysis: Fundamentals and Applications describe the general notions of distance,integral and norm, as well a s their relations. The three chapters that follow deal with fundamental examples: Lebesgue spaces, dual spaces and Sobolev spaces. Two subsequent chapters develop applications to capacity theory and ellipticproblems. In particular, the isoperimetric inequ ality and the Plya-Szeg and Faber-Krahn inequalities are proved by purely functional methods. The epilogue contains a sketch of the history of functional analysis, in relation withintegration and differentiation. Starting from elementary analysis and intr oducing relevant recent research, this work is an excellent resource for students in mathematics and applied mathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
The Integral
Norm
Lebesgue Spaces
Duality
Sobolev Spaces
Capacity
Elliptic Problems
Appendix
Epilogue
References
Index of Notations
Index
ISBN:9781461470045
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Cornerstones, 2197-182X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461466901:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chinas Strategy in Space [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stacey Solomone
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book addresses why China is going into space and provides up- to-date information on all aspects of the Chinese Space Program in terms of launch vehicles, launch sites and infrastructure, crew vehicles for space exploration,satellite application s and scientific exploration capabilities. Beyond mere capabilities, it is important to understand how Chinese aerospace leaders think, how they make decisions, and what their ultimate goal is during their spaceendeavors. What are Chinese intentions in sp ace? To what extent does culture and ethics influence Chinese strategic decision-making within the highest levels of the aerospace industrial complex? This book examines these questions andoffers four potential scenarios on where the Chinese space program is headed based on this new perspective of understanding Chinas space goals. This book is not only required reading for policy makers and military leaders in the USgovernment, but also for the general population, students, and professionals interested in truly understanding the reasons behind what the Chinese are doing in space
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The History of the Chinese Space Program and Its Role in Modern China
Why Did China Reinvigorate the Space Industry as a Part of the Recovery from the Cultural Revolution
A Review of China's Space Capabilities Today
China and Its Plan for Aerospace Innovation
The Rise of Chinese Aerospace Industry in the Global Space Community
The Generational Differences Among the Chinese Space Professionals
Societal/Cultural Influences and the Chinese Space Program
Future Scenarios for China's Space Industry
Conclusion
Top 10 Things to Know about China's Space Program
ISBN:9781461466901
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Space Development, 2191-8171
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Planetology , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461455653:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Le VerrierMagnificent and Detestable Astronomer [electronic resource]
Author(s): James Lequeux
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Le Verrier was a superb scientist. His discovery of Neptune in 1846 made him the most famous astronomer of his time. He produced a complete theory of the motions of the planets which served as a basis for planetary ephemeris for afull century. Doing this, he discovered an anomaly in the motion of Mercury which later became the first proof of General Relativity. He also founded European meteorology. However his arrogance and bad temper created many enemies, andhe was even fired from his position of Di rector of the Paris Observatory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The young years (1811
1845)
Neptunes discovery (1845
1846)
Waiting for the Paris Observatory (1847
1843)
Director of the Observatory (1844
1870)
The dictator
The fall (1870
1872)
The second reign (1873
1877)
Longitudes via telegraph
The creator of European meteorology
Le Verriers heritage
ISBN:9781461455653
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v397
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461447825:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:How Einstein Created Relativity out of Physics and Astronomy [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Topper
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book tracks the history of the theory of relativity through Einsteins life, with in-depth studies of its background as built upon by ideas from earlier scientists. The focus points of Einsteins theory of relativityinclude its development through out his life the origins of his ideas and his indebtedness to the earlier works of Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Mach and others the application of the theory to the birth of modern cosmology and his questfor a unified field theory.

Treading a fine line between the technical and popular (but not shying away from the occasional equation), this book explains the entire range of relativity and weaves an up-to-date biography ofEinstein throughout. The result is an explanation of the world of relativity, based on an extensive journey into earlier physics and a simultaneous voyage into the mind of Einstein, written for the curious and intelligent reader
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Genesis: Riding a Beam of Light
Part II: Special Relativity
Part III: General Relativity
Part IV: Cosmology
Part V: Exodus: Quest for a Unified Field Theory
ISBN:9781461447825
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v394
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789491216473:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Differential Games. Theory and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kandethody M Ramachandran
Chris P Tsokos
Date:2012
Publisher:Paris : Atlantis Press
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Conflicts in the form of wars, or competition among countries and industrial institutions are plenty in human history. The introduction of game theory in the middle of the twentieth century shed insights and enabled researchers toanalyze this subject with mathematical rigor. From the ground-breaking work of VonNeumann and Morgenston, modern game theory evolved enormously. In the last few decades, Dynamic game theory framework has been deepened and generalizedfrom the pioneering work on differential g ames by R. Isaacs, L.S. Pontryagin and his school, and on stochastic games by Shapley. This book will expose the reader to some of the fundamental methodology in non-cooperative game theory,and highlight some numerical methods, along with some relevant ap plications. Since the early development days, differential game theory has had a significant impact in such diverse disciplines as applied mathematics, economics, systemstheory, engineering, operations, research, biology, ecology, environmental sciences, among others. Modern game theory now relies on wide ranging mathematical and computational methods, and relevant applications that are rich andchallenging. Game theory has been widely recognized as an important tool in many fields. Importance of game theo ry to economics is illustrated by the fact that numerous game theorists, such as John Forbes Nash, Jr., Robert J. Aumannand Thomas C. Schelling, have won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics Sciences. Simply put, game-theory has the potential to reshape the analysis of human interaction
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction, Survey and Background Material
Stochastic Linear Pursuit
Evasion Game
Two Person Zero
Sum Differential Games
General Case
Formal Solutions for Some Classes of Stochastic Linear Pursuit
N
Person Noncooperative Differential Games
Weak Convergence in Two Player Stochastic Differential Games
Weak Convergence in Many Player Games
Some Numerical Methods
Applications to Finance
ISBN:9789491216473
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Atlantis Studies in Probability and Statistics, 1879-6893 : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400754225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Ultra Rays to Astroparticles [electronic resource] : A Historical Introduction to Astroparticle Physics
Author(s): Brigitte Falkenburg
Wolfgang Rhode
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is a historical introduction to astroparticle physics. Its scope is to give an overview of this complex field of research, starting with the discovery of cosmic rays (Victor Hess, 1912) until the current experiments withparticle telescopes. The book focuses on the ways in which physics changes in the course of this history. The following changes run parallel, overlap, and/or interact: - Discovery of effects like X-rays, radioactivity, cosmic rays,new particles, the Cosmic Microwave Backgro und and its anisotropies, but also progress through non-discoveries (monopoles) etc. - The change of the description of nature in physics, as consequence of the scientific revolutionsat the beginning of the 20th century, giving rise to quantum physics, relativity, etc. - The shifts from particle physics to cosmology and to particle physics with cosmic accelerators. - The change of experimental methods,cooperations, and disciplinary divisions. With regard to the latter change, a main topic of the boo k is to make the specific multi-disciplinary features of astroparticle physics clear to undergraduate and graduate students,historians of physics, and philosophers of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 From the discovery of radioactivity to first accelerator experiments
3 Development of Cosmology:From a Static Universe to Accelerated Expansion
4 Evolution of Astrophysics5.1 Introduction and General Overview
5 Development of Ultra High
Energy Cosmic Ray Research
6 Very
High Energy Gamma
Ray Astronomy
7 Search for the neutrino mass and low energy neutrino astronomy
8 From Particle Physics to Astroparticle Physics: Proton Decay and the Rise of Non
Accelerator Physics
10 From Waves to Particle Tracks and Quantum Probabilities
A Timetable
B Nob
ISBN:9789400754225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642328541:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Adventurous Life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, Physicist (19031966) [electronic resource]
Author(s): Edoardo Amaldi
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Brief
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642328541
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Physics, general , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642325601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Singularity Hypotheses [electronic resource] : A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment
Author(s): Amnon H Eden
James H Moor
Johnny H Sraker
Eric Steinhart
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment offers authoritative, jargon-free essays and critical commentaries on accelerating technological progress and the notion of technological singularity. It focuses onconjectures about th e intelligence explosion, transhumanism, and whole brain emulation. Recent years have seen a plethora of forecasts about the profound, disruptive impact that is likely to result from further progress in these areas.Many commentators however doubt the scie ntific rigor of these forecasts, rejecting them as speculative and unfounded. We therefore invited prominent computer scientists, physicists, philosophers, biologists, economists and otherthinkers to assess the singularity hypotheses. Their contributions go beyond speculation, providing deep insights into the main issues and a balanced picture of the debate
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Singularity Hypotheses: An Overview
Part 1: A Singularity of Artificial Superintelligence
Intelligence Explosion: Evidence and Import
The Threat of a Reward
Driven Adversarial Artificial General Intelligence
New Millenium Al and the Convergence of History 2012
Why an Intelligence Explosion is Probable
Part 2: Concerns About Artificial Superintelligence
The Singularity and Machine Ethics
Artificial General Intelligence and the Human Mental Model
Some Economic Incentives Facing a Business That Might Bring About a Technological Singularity
Rationally
shaped Artificia
ISBN:9783642325601
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Neurosciences , Technology Philosophy , Artificial intelligence , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642275609:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From the Atomic Bomb to the Landau Institute [electronic resource]
Author(s): Isaak M. Khalatnikov
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642275609
Series:e-books
Keywords: History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Physics, general , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Nuclear Fusion , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642232596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Arrows of Time [electronic resource] A Debate in Cosmology
Author(s): Laura Mersini-Houghton
Rudy Vaas
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The concept of time has fascinated humanity throughout history, and remains one of the biggest mysteries in science and philosophy. Yet a deeper understanding of nature at a fundamental level can only be achieved through acomprehension of this strang e fourth dimension. Furthermore, the origin of the universe is closely intertwined with the puzzle of time: Did time emerge at the big bang? Why does the direction of time conspire with the remarkablyordered initial state of the universe? This book addre ssesmany ofthe most important questions about time: What is time, and is it fundamental or emergent? Why is there such an arrow of time, closely related to the initial stateof the universe, and why do the cosmic, thermodynamic and other arrows agree? Thes e issues are discussed here by leading experts, and each offers a new perspective on the debate. Their contributions delve into the most difficultresearch topic in physics, also describing the latest cutting edge research on the subject. The book also off ers readers a comparison between the different outlooks of philosophy, physics and cosmology on the puzzle of time. Thisvolume is intended to be useful for research purposes, but most chapters are also accessible to a more general audience of scientifical ly educated readers looking for deeper insights.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Clock Ambiguity: Implications and New Developments
Holographic Cosmology and the Arrow of Time
A Momentous Arrow of Time
The Phantom Bounce: A New Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology
The Emergent Nature of Time and the Complex Numbers in Quantum Cosmology
The Arrow of Time in a Dark
Energy
Dominated Universe
The Problem of Time for De Sitters Spacetimes
Fundamental Loss of Quantum Coherence from Quantum Gravity
Micro
time, Macro
time, and the Pseudo
beginning of the Big Bang
Open Problems Regarding the Arrow of Time
ISBN:9783642232596
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v172
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642230684:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Models of Science Dynamics [electronic resource] : Encounters Between Complexity Theory and Information Sciences
Author(s): Andrea Scharnhorst
Katy Brner
Peter Besselaar
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Models of science dynamics aim to capture the structure and evolution of science. They are developed in an emerging research area in which scholars, scientific institutions and scientific communications become themselves basicobjects of research. In order to understand phenomena as diverse as the structure of evolving co-authorship networks or citation diffusion patterns, different models have been developed. They include conceptual models based onhistorical and ethnographic observations, mathematica l descriptions of measurable phenomena, and computational algorithms. Despite its evident importance, the mathematical modeling of science still lacks a unifying framework and acomprehensive research agenda. This book aims to fill this gap, reviewing and describing major threads in the mathematical modeling of science dynamics for a wider academic and professional audience. The model classes presented herecover stochastic and statistical models, game-theoretic approaches, agent-based simulations, populati on-dynamics models, and complex network models. The book starts with a foundational chapter that defines and operationalizesterminology used in the study of science, and a review chapter that discusses the history of mathematical approaches to modeling sc ience from an algorithmic-historiography perspective. It concludes with a survey of future challengesfor science modeling and discusses their relevance for science policy and science policy studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Foundations
An Introduction to Modeling Science: Basic Model Types, Key Definitions, and a General Framework for the Comparison of Process Models
Mathematical Approaches to Modeling Science From an Algorithmic
historiography Perspectice
Part II Exemplary Model Type
Knowledge Epidemics and Population Dynamics Models for Describing Idea Diffusion
Agent
based Models of Science
Evolutionary Game Theory and Complex Networks of Scientific Information
Part III Exemplary Model Applications
Dynamic Scientific Co
authorship Networks
Citation Networks
Part IV Outlook
ISBN:9783642230684
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Social sciences , Engineering , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642220630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Accelerators, Colliders, and the Story of High Energy Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Raghavan Jayakumar
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Undergraduate textbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:History of particle accelerators, including Fermilab
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642220630
Series:e-books
Keywords: Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Electrical Engineering , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Cosmology , Popular Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642220180:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dwarf Galaxies: Keys to Galaxy Formation and Evolution [electronic resource] : Proceedings of Symposium 3 of JENAM 2010
Author(s): Polychronis Papaderos
Simone Recchi
Gerhard Hensler
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Dwarf galaxy research constitutes an extremely vibrant field of astrophysical research, with many long-standing questions still unsettled and new ones constantly arising. The intriguing diversity of the dwarf galaxy population,observed with advanced ground-based and space-borne observatories over a wide spectral window providing an unprecedented level of detail, poses new challenges for both observers and theoreticians. The aim of this symposium was to bringtogether these two groups to exchange ideas and new results on the many evolutionary aspects of and open issues concerning dwarf galaxies. The main topics addressed include: the birth of dwarf galaxies: theoretical concepts andobservable relics across wavelength and time the morphological, structu ral and chemical evolution of dwarf galaxies possible evolutionary connections between early-type and late-type dwarfs the star formation history ofdwarf galaxies and its dependence on intrinsic and environmental properties the origin and implications of starburst activity in dwarf galaxies the fate of dwarfish systems born out of tidally ejected matter in galaxycollisions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I General Properties of Dwarf Galaxies
Part II Dwarf GalaxyModels
Part III Dwarf Galaxies in the Local Group
Part IV Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies
Part V Star
Forming Dwarf Galaxies
Part VI Dwarf Galaxies and their Environment
ISBN:9783642220180
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642219788:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The BCS-BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wilhelm Zwerger
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Triggered by recent experimental and theoretical progress in elucidating the tunable crossover, in ultracold Fermi gases, from BCS-type superconductors to BEC-type superfluids, this volume is a collaborative effort by most leadinginternational expert s to provide both a pedagogical and up-to-date introduction and comprehensive overview of this newly emerging field. It is now understood that the unitary regime that lies right in the middle of the crossover hasremarkable universal properties, arising fr om scale invariance, and has connections with fields as diverse as nuclear physics and string theory. This volume will serve as reference for active researchers in the field and equallybenefit the many non-specialists and graduate students looking for a s elfcontained, approachable exposition of the subject matter
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
The BCS
BEC Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas
The BEC
BCS Crossover: Some History and Some General Observations
Crossovers in Unitary Fermi Systems
Pairing Fluctuations Approach to the BCS
BEC Crossover
The Unitary Gas and its Symmetry Properties
Universal Relations for Termions With Large Scattering Length
Unitary Fermi Gas, E Expansion, and Nonrelativistic Conformal Field Theories
Dilute Fermi and Bose Gases
The Unitary Fermi Gas: From Monte Carlo to Density Functionals
Scaling Flows and Dissipation in the Dilute Fermi Gas at Unitarity
Thermodynamic
ISBN:9783642219788
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v836
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642182907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Sonar Design in Underwater Acoustics [electronic resource] : Principles and Applications
Author(s): Qihu Li
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Digital Sonar Design in Underwater Acoustics Principles and Applications provides comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of research on sonar design, including the basic theory and techniques of digital signal processing,basic concept of information t heory, ocean acoustics, underwater acoustic signal propagation theory, and underwater signal processing theory. This book discusses the general design procedure and approaches to implementation, the designmethod, system simulation theory and techniques, s onar tests in the laboratory, lake and sea, and practical validation criteria and methods for digital sonar design. It is intended for researchers in the fields of underwater signalprocessing and sonar design, and also for navy officers and ocean explorer s. Qihu Li is a professor at the Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Brief history of digital sonar development
Basic theory of digital signal processing
Detection and estimation theory of digital signal
General principle of sonar design
Design of digital sonar
The implementation method of various function of digital sonar
System simulation technique in digital sonar design
Examples of typical modern digital sonar
Software and hardware support and performance evaluation in digital sonar design
ISBN:9783642182907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China, 1995-6819 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Oceanography , Acoustics , Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783034802512:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Iris Runge [electronic resource] : A Life at the Crossroads of Mathematics, Science, and Industry
Author(s): Renate Tobies
Date:2012
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book concerns the origins of mathematical problem solving at the internationally active Osram and Telefunken Corporations during the golden years of broadcasting and electron tube research. The woman scientist Iris Runge,who received an interdis ciplinary education at the University of Gttingen, was long employed as the sole mathematical authority at these companies in Berlin. It will be shown how mathematical connections were made between statisticsand quality control, and between physical-chemi cal models and the actual problems of mass production. The organization of industrial laboratories, the relationship between theoretical and experimental work, and the role ofmathematicians in these settings will also be explained. By investigating the so cial, economic, and political conditions that unfolded from the time of the German Empire until the end of the Second World War, the book hopes to build abridge between specialized fields mathematics and engineering and the general culture of a particul ar era. It hopes, furthermore, to build a bridge between the history of science and industry, on the one hand, and the fields ofGender and Womens Studies on the other. Finally, by examining the life and work of numerous industrial researchers, insight wil l be offered into the conditions that enabled a woman to achieve a prominent professional position duringa time when women were typically excluded from the scientific workforce
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Authors Preface
1 Introduction
2 Formative Groups
3 Mathematics at The Osram and Telefunken Corporations
4 Interactions Between Science, Politics, And Society
5 Post
War Developments And Concluding Remarks
Appendix
Bibliography
Index of Names
ISBN:9783034802512
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Science Networks. Historical Studies : v43
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461424079:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Henri Poincar [electronic resource] : Impatient Genius
Author(s): Ferdinand Verhulst
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the life and work of Henri Poincar, detailing most of his unique achievements in mathematics and physics. It is divided into two partsthe first on Poincars life, and the second on his contributionsto the mathematical sciences. Apa rt from biographical details, attention is given to Poincars results on automorphic functions differential equations and dynamical systems celestial mechanics mathematical physics, in particularthe theory of the electron and relativity and topology (analy sis situs). A chapter on philosophy explains Poincars conventionalism in mathematics and his view of conventionalism in physics. The book shows how Poincar reachedhis fundamentally new results in many different fields, how he thought about problems, and h ow one should read his work. Simultaneously, it is made clear how analysis and geometry are intertwined in Poincars thinking and work. Indynamical systems, this becomes clear in his description of invariant manifolds, his association of differential equat ion flow with mappings, and his fixed-point theory. There is no comparable book on Poincar presenting such arelatively complete vision of his life and the working of his very original mind. Scientists and engineers as well as general readers interested in the history of science will find this book of interest. Reviews of this book:Thetitle of this biography is particularly well chosen : Henri Poincar was a true genius, and he was impatient. It gives a fair picture of both the man and the scientist, comple ted by particularly well chosen illustrations. Jean Mawhin,Universit Catholique de Louvain, Belgium Ferdinand Verhulst has written a true scientific biography, introducing Poincar the man, his cultural milieu, and his mathematics. This book shows why, a c entury after his death,Poincar's ideas still shape a substantial part of the mathematical sciences. Philip J Holmes, Princeton University, USA
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The early years
Academic education, 1873
1879
Impressive results in Vesoul and Caen
Career in Paris
The prize competition of Oscar II
Philosophy and essays
At the end, what kind of a man?
Automorphic functions
Differential equations and dynamical systems
Analysis Situs
Mathematical Physics
Poincar
Historical data and biographical details
References
Index
ISBN:9781461424079
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461406167:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Invisibility [electronic resource] A Story of Light and Deception
Author(s): Martin Beech
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Arthur C. Clarke famously wrote that, any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. These words most certainly ring true with respect to invisibility cloaking devices. At work is the magic of science,of course. The technology to make an object simply disappear from view is now a reality. There is both great fear and great desire in the thought of invisibility. Indeed, for thousands of years, authors have grappled with the idea.Power, devilry, secrecy, ethical dilemma, and mora l corruption - invisibility has it all. And yet, our waking world is full of familiar invisible phenomena. Electricity flowing along a metal wire, the gravity that keeps us grounded,the air we breathe, the bacteria and viruses that make us ill,the X-rays that reveal our broken bones - all are invisible to our eyes. They surround and envelop us, and we don't give them a second thought. Nature long ago learned howto play tricks with light rays, enriching the world with rainbows, mirages, and animal camoufla ge. The new physics of invisibility simply aims to take these tricks of nature a few steps further. Indeed, by learning what light is andhow it interacts with matter, physicists have begun to take control of light - with metamaterials, which, manmade, can be precisely melded, warped, twisted, transformed, and even time-edited. In this book the ancient and modern storyof light and invisibility is revealed, from early Greek speculations to the remarkable works of James Clerk Maxwell. The new and burgeoning field of transformation optics is also explored, and the story behind the development of thefirst fully functional invisibility cloak is charted. What will they be used for and how will they change things? Find out here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Chapter 1: Of All Things Visible and Invisible
Chapter 2: A Very Brief History of Light
Chapter 3: Mirror Tricks, the Art of Cloaking and Seeing the Impossible
Chapter 4: Maxwell's Marvelous Waves
Chapter 5: The Metamaterial Revolution
Afterword
Appendices
Index
ISBN:9781461406167
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461401469:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Edmond Halleys Reconstruction of the Lost Book of Apolloniuss Conics [electronic resource] : Translation and Commentary
Author(s): Michael N Fried
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Apolloniuss Conics was one of the greatest works of advanced mathematics in antiquity. The work comprised eight books, four of which have come down to us in their original Greek and three in Arabic. By the time the Arabictranslations were produced, t he eighth book had already been lost. In 1710, Edmond Halley, then Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford, produced an edition of the Greek text of the Conics of Books I-IV, a translation into Latin fromthe Arabic versions of Books V-VII, and a reconstr uction of Book VIII. Motivated by such questions as what role did Halley's reconstruction play in the mathematical world of the late 17th and early 18th century? and what did Halleysee himself learning from engaging with mathematicians such as Apollonius? , Michael Frieds work provides the first completeEnglish translation of Halleys reconstruction of Book VIII withsupplementary notes on the text. Thevolume also contains an introduction discussing aspects of Apolloniuss Conics, an investigation of Edmond H alley's understanding ofthe nature of his venture into ancient mathematics, and appendices giving brief accounts ofApolloniuss approach to conic sections and his mathematical techniques. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers inte rested in the history ofancientGreekmathematics and mathematics in the early modernperiod.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I. Introduction
1. Edmond Halley: Ancient and Modern
2. Apolloniuss Conics
3. The Path to Halley
4. Halley's General Strategy for Reconstructing Conics, Book VIII
5. Halleys Dialogue with the Past
6. A Note on the Translation
II. Apollonius of Pergas On Conics: Book Eight Restored
III.Synopsis and Appendices
Synopsis of the Contents of Halley's Conics, Book VIII
Appendix 1: Terminology and Notions from Greek Mathematics
Appendix 2: Hippocrates' First Quadrature of a Lune
References
Index
ISBN:9781461401469
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441988164:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Daylight Science and Daylighting Technology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard Kittler
Miroslav Kocifaj
Stanislav Darula
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Sunlight profoundly influences the Earth's atmosphere and biosphere. Nature fuels the evolution of all living things, their visual systems, and the manner in which they adapt, accommodate, and habituate. Sun luminance measurementsserve as data to cal culate typical changes in the daily, monthly, and annual variability characteristics of daylight. Climate-based sky luminance patterns are used as models in predicting daylighting calculation and computer programsapplied in architecture and building desig n. Historically, daylight science and daylighting technology has prioritized photometric methods of measurements, calculation, and graphical tools aimed at predicting or evaluating thedaylighting of architectural design alternatives. However, due to a hei ghtened awareness of general health and well-being, sunlight exposure and freedom from visual discomfort while undertaking visual tasks are now equally prioritized.Therefore, in order to assure optimal environmental quality, daylighting technology must be based on sound science. Daylight Science and Daylighting Technology, by Richard Kittler, Miroslav Kocifaj, and Stanislav Darula, sketches theentire evolution of daylight science from atmospheric science through apt visual workplace psychophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Short historical review of daylight utilisation by living creatures
Daylight photometry: history, principles and empirical development
Propagation of light in the atmospheric environment
Sky luminance characteristics
Possibilities to simulate year
round changes of the local daylight climate
Fundamental principles for daylight calculation methods
Analytical calculation methods and tools for the design of un
glazed apertures
Daylight methods and tools to design glazed windows and skylights
Modelling daylight distribution in complex architectural
ISBN:9781441988164
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Renewable energy sources , Biotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441982940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cosmic Update [electronic resource] : Dark Puzzles. Arrow of Time. Future History
Author(s): Fred Adams
Thomas Buchert
Laura Mersini-Houghton
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:...The Multiversal book series is equally unique, providing book-length extensions of the lectures with enough additional depth for those who truly want to explore these fields, while also providing thekind of clarity that isappropriate for intereste d lay people to grasp the general principles involved. - Lawrence M. Krauss Cosmic Update covers: A novel approach to uncover the dark faces of the Standard Model of cosmology. The possibility that DarkEnergy and Dark Matter are manifestations of the inho mogeneous geometry of our Universe. The history of cosmological model building and the general architecture of cosmological models. Illustrations of the Large Scale Structure of theUniverse. A new perspective on the classical static Einstein Cosmos. Globa l properties of World Models including their Topology. The Arrow of Time in a Universe with a Positive Cosmological Constant. The exploration of the consequencesof a fundamental Cosmological Constant for our Universe. The exploration ofwhy the current obs erved acceleration of the Universe may not be its final destiny. A demonstration that nature forbids the existence of a pure CosmologicalConstant. Our current understanding of the long term (in time scales that greatly exceed the current age of the Univer se) future of the Universe. The long term fate and eventual destruction of the astrophysical objects that populatethe universe --including clusters, galaxies, stars, planets, and black holes. The material is presented in a layperson-friendly language foll owed by additional technical sections which explainbasic equations and principles. Thisfeature is very attractive to readers who want to learn more about the theories involved beyond the basic description. Multiversal Journeysis a trademark of Farzad Neko ogar and Multiversal Journeys, a 501 (c) (3) nonprofitorganization
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Dark Energy and Dark Matter hidden in the Geometry of Space?
The Arrow ot Time In a Universe with aPositive Cosmological Constant
The Future History of the Universe
The Return of a Static Universe and the End of Cosmology
ISBN:9781441982940
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Multiversal Journeys
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817683528:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Classical Mechanics with Mathematica [electronic resource]
Author(s): Romano Antonio
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This textbook takes a broadyet thorough approach to mechanics, aimed at bridging the gap between classicalanalytic andmoderndifferential geometric approaches to the subject. Developed by the authorfrom 35 years ofteaching experience, the presentation is designed to give students an overview of the many different modelsused through the history of the fieldfrom Newton to Lagrangewhile also painting a clear picture of the most moderndevelopments. Throughout, it makes heavy use of the powerful tools offe red by Mathematica . The volume is organized into two parts. The first focuses on developing themathematical framework of linear algebra and differentialgeometry necessary for the remainder of the book. Topics covered include tensor algebra, Euclidean and symplectic vector spaces, differential manifolds, and absolute differential calculus. The second part of the book applies thesetopics to kinematics, rigid body dynamics, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics, HamiltonJacobi theory, completely integrable sy stems, statistical mechanics of equilibrium, andimpulsive dynamics, among others. With a uniqueselection of topics and a largearray of exercises to reinforce concepts, Classical Mechanics with Mathematicais an excellentresource for graduate students in ph ysics. It can also serve as a reference for researchers wishing togain a deeper understanding of both classical and modern mechanics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I Introduction to Linear Algebra and Differential Geometry
1 Vector Space and Linear Maps
2 Tensor Algebra
3 Skew
symmetric Tensors and Exterior Algebra
4 Euclidean and Symplectic Vector Spaces
5 Duality and Euclidean Tensors
6 Differentiable Manifolds
7 One
Parameter Groups of Diffeomorphisms
8 Exterior Derivative and Integration
9 Absolute Differential Calculus
10 An Overview of Dynamical Systems
II Mechanics
11 Kinematics of a Point Particle
12 Kinematics of Rigid Bodies
13 Principles of Dynamics
14 Dynamics of a Material Point
15 General Prin
ISBN:9780817683528
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2164-3679
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global differential geometry , Mathematical physics , Mechanics , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780387878157:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dissipative Ordered Fluids [electronic resource] : Theories for Liquid Crystals
Author(s): Andre M Sonnet
Epifanio G Virga
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is a book on the dissipative dynamics of ordered fluids, with a particular focus on liquid crystals. It covers a whole range of different theories, mainly concerned with nematic liquid crystals in both their chiral andnonchiral variants. The aut hors begin by giving a detailed account of the molecular origins of orientational order in fluids. They then go on to develop a general framework in which continuum theories for ordered fluids can be phrased.Within this unified setting, they cover both we ll-established classical theories and new ones with aspects that are not yet completely settled. The book treats a wide range of hydrodynamic theories for liquid crystals, from theoriginal 1960s works by Ericksen and Leslie to new, fast-developing ideas o f liquid crystal science. The final chapter is devoted to nematoacoustics and its applications. Old experiments on the propagation of ultrasound waves innematic liquid crystals are interpreted and explained in the light of a new theory developed within th e general theoretical infrastructure proposed in the body of the book. This book is intended both for graduate students andprofessional scholars in mathematics, physics, and engineering of advanced materials. It delivers a solid framework for liquid cryst al hydrodynamics and shows the unifying concepts at the basis of the classical theories. It illustrateshow these concepts can also be applied to a wide variety of modern topics. Andre M. Sonnet is in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics at the Uni versity of Strathclyde, Glasgow (Scotland) and Epifanio G. Virga is in theDepartment of Mathematics at the University of Pavia (Italy). They have a long history of working together in liquid crystal science and have contributed, in particular, to the theo ries of defects and biaxial nematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Molecular Theories
Dynamics of Dissipative Fluids
Director Theories
Order Tensor Theories
Nematoacoustics
Notation and Basic Concepts
References
Index
ISBN:9780387878157
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780387853574:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Observing the Messier Objects with a Small Telescope [electronic resource] : In the Footsteps of a Great Observer
Author(s): Philip Pugh
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Observing the Messier Objects with a Small Telescope lets the reader follow in Charles Messier's footsteps by observing the Messier objects more or less as the great man saw them himself! This book contains descriptions andphotographs of his 110 cata loged objects, with instructions on how to find them without a computerized telescope or even setting circles. Messier's telescope (thought to be a 4-inch) was, by today's amateur standards, small. It alsohad rather poor optics by modern standards. The vi sual appearance of a Messier object is often very different from what can be imaged with the same telescope, and this book shows what you can see with a small telescope or evenbinoculars!
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Charles Messier: His Life, Discoveries, and Legacy
Introduction to the Messier Objects
Part I: M1
M22
Part II: M23
M45
Part III: M46
M68
Part IV: M69
M91
Part V: M92
M110
Glossary
Index
ISBN:9780387853574
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series, 1431-9756
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Science (General) , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780387853567:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Observing the Messier Objects with a Small Telescope [electronic resource]
Author(s): Philip Pugh
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9780387853567
Series:Practical Astronomy
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Popular Science in Astronomy , Popular Science, general , History of Science
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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