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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD HYDROCARBONS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/27526.3 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword hydrocarbons ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9781608070930:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microwave materials for wireless applications
Author(s): David B. Cruickshank
Date:2011
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (221 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Garnets - Garnet Structure and Chemistry - Magnetism and Ferrimagnetism - Magnetic Ions Behaving Badly - Lanthanides and Dodecahedral Substitution - Octahedral Substitution - Nonmagnetic Octahedral Substitution - Manganese Substitution - C obalt Substitution - Tetrahedral Substitution - Aluminum - Gallium - Vanadium - Mixed Systems - Low Firing Temperature Garnets - Rare Earth Substitution
Chapter 2 Spinels - Nickel Spinels - Overview of Nickel Spinel Applications - Nickel Ferrites Above 10 GHz - Magnesium Spinels - Lithium Ferrite
Chapter 3 Absorbers - Ni and NiZn Ferrite Absorbers - Water as an Absorber - Barium Titanate Piezoelectrics - Silicon Carbide Absorbers - Magnetic Metal Polymer Composite Materials - Hexagonal Ferrite Absorbers
Chapter 4 Plastics and Plastic Ceramic Composite Materials - Plastics and Hydrocarbon Polymers - Hydrocarbon-Based Polymers - Hydrocarbons with Aromatic Side Chains - Fluorocarbon-Based Polymers - Structural Thermoplastics - Epoxies - Silicones - Po lyurethanes - Filled Polymers - Types of Fillers - Filled Polyolefins - Filled Fluorocarbons - Filled High-Temperature Polymers - Filled Epoxies for Laminates
Chapter 5 Low Dielectric Constant Ceramic Dielectrics - Silica and Silicates - The Range of Si-O-Based Dielectric Materials by Using Silicates - High-Temperature and High-Conductivity Materials - Nitrides, Oxides, and Fluorides - Alumina - Boron Nitride - Beryllium Oxide - Aluminum Nitride - Diamond - Dielectrics for Thick Film and Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic Applications
Chapter 6 High Dielectric Constant Dielectrics - Dielectrics with Dielectric Constants in the Range 20 to 55 - The Zirconium Titanate/Zirconium Titanate System - Perovskite Materials - High-Q Perovskites - Temperature-Stable Dielectrics with Dielect ric Constants Greater Than 55 - Commercially Available TTBs
Chapter 7 Metals at Microwave Frequencies - Application of Metals to Microwave Transmission Lines - Copper - Aluminum - Silver - Gold - Relative Losses of Metals in Microstrip and Waveguide Transmission Lines - Nickel - Steels - Magnetic Temperature -Compensating Alloys - Metal Alloys with Low or Zero Expansion Coefficient - Metal Plating on Plastics
Chapter 8 Ferrite Devices - Below-Resonance Junction Devices - Selecting the Correct Magnetization - Magnetization Against Temperature - Insertion Loss Considerations Below Resonance - Power Handling in Below-Resonance Junction Devices - Intermodula tion in Below-Resonance Junction Devices - Microstrip Below-Resonance Devices - Below-Resonance Linear Devices - Switching and Latching Devices - Temperature Considerations - Above-Resonance Devices - Power Handling in Above-Resonance Devices - Above-Res onance Phase Shifters - Devices at Resonance
Chapter 9 Resonators and Filters Based on Dielectrics - Circuit-Based Resonators - Coaxial Resonators - TE-Based Dielectric Resonator Applications - Dielectric Resonator Loaded Cavities - Dielectric Support Materials - TM Dielectric Resonator-Based Cavities - Intermodulation in Dielectric Loaded Cavities
Chapter 10 Antennas and Radomes - Ferrite Rod Antennas for VHF and UHF Patch Antennas - Ferrite Patch Antennas - Planar Inverted-F Antennas - Dielectric Resonator Antennas - Metal Antennas - Radomes - Half-Wave Radomes - A- and C-Sandwich Constructi on - Foam Radome Materials - Ceramic Materials - Microwave and IR Transparent Radomes - Absorbers for Antennas - Phased-Array Antennas
Chapter 11 Tunable Devices - Magnetic Tuning - Lumped Element Magnetically Tunable Filters - Ferrite Phase Shifters - Magnetically Tunable Microstrip Filters - Magnetically Tunable Dielectric Resonator Filters - Single-Crystal YIG Resonators - Epita xial Thin-Film Magnetically Tuned YIG Devices - Ferroelectric-Tuned Devices - Tunable MEMS Devices - Low Temperature and Cryogenic Devices - Magnetic Materials at Low Temperature - Dielectrics at Low Temperature - Superconductors at Microwave Frequencies
Chapter 12 Measurement Techniques - Dielectric Constant and Loss - Perturbation Techniques - Dielectric Properties Using Dielectric Resonators - Dielectric Temperature Coefficients - Low-Frequency Measurements of Dielectric Properties - Split Resonator Technique - Magnetization - Vibrating Sample Magnetometer - AC Magnetization - Line Width Measurements - Ferrimagnetic Resonance - Spinwave Line Width - Effective Line Width and Magnetic Losses - Permeability and Magnetic Loss Spectrum - Intermodulation and Third-Harmonic Distortion Measurement - Density
ISBN:9781608070923
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Microwaves. , Wireless communication systems, Materials.
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Call number:TP248.H9ED55 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied hydrocarbon thermodynamics.
Author(s): Wayne C. Edmister
Date:1961
Publisher:Gulf Pub. Co, Houston, Tex
Size:311
Keywords: Hydrocarbons.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642126208:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Characterization and Design of Zeolite Catalysts [electronic resource] : Solid Acidity, Shape Selectivity and Loading Properties
Author(s): Miki Niwa
Naonobu Katada
Kazu Okumura
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents. Zeolite-based catalysts are used by industrial chemical companies in the interconversion of hydrocarbons and the alkylation of aromaticcompounds. The current b ook deals with the characterization of specific properties of Zeolites and calculations for the design of catalysts. Measurements and utilization of solid acidity, shape selectivity, and loading properties, thatare three prominent properties of a Zeolite catalyst, are treated in detail. These features concern chemical vapor deposition of silica, shape selectivity, loading properties, solid activity, Brnsted or Lewis character, ammoniatemperature programmed desorption, control of the pore-opening size by c hemical vapor deposition of silica and XAFS analysis of metals being highly dispersed inside and outside a framework
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Solid acidity of zeolites
IRMS
TPD measurements of acid sites
DFT calculation of the solid acidity
Catalytic activity and adsorption property
CVD of silica for the shape selective reaction
Shape selective reaction
Loading property
Catalytic reaction on the metal
loaded zeolites
ISBN:9783642126208
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v141
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, Physical organic , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402097416:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scientific Modeling and Simulations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sidney Yip
Toms Diaz Rubia
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The conceptualization of a problem (modeling) and the computational solution of this problem (simulation), is the foundation of Computational Science. This coupled endeavor is unique in several respects. It allows practically anycomplex system to be analyzed with predictive capability by invoking the multiscale paradigmlinking unit-process models at lower length (or time) scales where fundamental principles have been established to calculations at thesystem level. The community of multiscale material s modeling has evolved into a multidisciplinary group with a number of identified problem areas of interest. Sidney Yip and Tomas Diaz De La Rubia, the editors of this volume, havegathered 18 contributions that showcase the conceptual advantages of modeli ng which, coupled with the unprecedented computing power through simulations, allow scientists to tackle the formibable problems of our society, such as thesearch for hydrocarbons, understanding the structure of a virus, or the intersection between simula tions and real data in extreme environments. Scientific Modeling and Simulations advocates the scientific virtues of modeling andsimulation, and also encourages the cross fertilization between communities, exploitations of high-performance computing, and experiment-simulation synergies. The contents of this book were previously published in Scientific Modelingand Simulations, Vol 15, No. 1-3, 2008
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402097416
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v68
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Chemistry , Computer simulation , Computer science , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401143530:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Radiation Changes in the Ozone Layer
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (398 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4353-0
Contents:Developments in tropospheric chemistry -- 3-D tropospheric model development:Impact of non methane hydrocarbon chemistry -- Model analysis of stratosphere-troposphere exchange of ozone and its role in the tropospheric ozone budget --
Peroxy radicals concentration and ozone generation rate for different regions of Russia as a result of TROICA-2 experiment -- Overview of concepts and results of the PAUR I and PAUR II Projects (Modulation of Solar Ultraviolet
Radiation and Photochemistry by Stratospheric Ozone, aerosols and tropospheric ozone) -- Global impact of aircraft emission on ozone concentrations and methane lifetime: Results from the 1999 IPCC aircraft assessment -- The impact of
NOx and H2O emissions from future Sub-and Supersonic aircraft upon the chemical composition of the atmosphere (A model study using a stratospheric CTM) -- Calculations of radiative forcing from ozone change -- Atmospheric ozone as a
climate gas: Studies concerning aircraft emissions -- Tropospheric aerosol formation: Processes observations and simulations -- Background levels of atmospheric particulate matter over the Northeast Atlantic ocean -- The effect of
aerosol on UV flux at the Earth’s surface -- A simplified spectral model for UV irradiance computations -- Observed long-term ozone and UV changes -- Variability of daily and annual cycles of mean erythemal solar irradiance related to
total ozone variability -- UV irradiance patterns in Italy -- Calibration and characterization of erythemal broadband detectors -- Chemistry and radiation changes in the ozone layer [Halogenated hydrocarbons (halocarbons) and their
impact on stratospheric ozone] -- Springtime stratospheric ozone over Marambio, Antarctic during 1990-1998. (Analysis of ozone sonde data in relation the phase and position of polar vortex) -- Stratospheric CLO across the edge of the
Arctic polar vortex: Measurements of the Airborne-Submillimeter SIS Radiometer compared to 3-D model calculations -- Vertical profiles of long lived trace gases. (A basis for the analysis of stratospheric dynamics) -- Study of the
Arctic polar vortex erosion from ozone Lidar measurements performed at OHP (44N, 6E) -- APE-GAIA Airborn Polar Experiment - Geophysica Aircraft in Antarctica -- Heterogeneous processes in the atmosphere -- Kinetics and mechanism of
homogeneous reactions of halomethanes with chlorine atoms -- NASA’s experience in deriving total ozone from satellites -- Satellite observations of tropospheric and stratospheric gases -- Monte Carlo simulations of radiative transfer
for LIMB scan measurements -- Performances of the near real time code for MIPAS data analysis -- Aerosol retrieval algorithm for satellite solar occulation and infrared emission measurements: Theory and 3-D analysis -- An
“intermediate” general circulation model for ozone change studies -- Numerical study of possible influence of longitudinal ozone inhomogeneities on dynamics of the middle atmosphere -- Investigation on different total ozone time scale
components -- List of Lecturers -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789401143530
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 557
Keywords: Earth sciences , Chemistry , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Chemistry/Food Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401142977:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomical Origins of Life Steps Towards Panspermia
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (381 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4297-7
Contents:Panspermia 2000 -- 1. General Considerations -- On a Possibly Fundamental Principle in Chemistry as Viewed in a Cosmogonic Context -- Biological Activity in the Early Solar System in its Outer Regions -- An Object within a Particle of
Extraterrestrial Origin Compared with an Object of Presumed Terrestrial Origin -- The Viability with Respect to Temperature of Micro-Organisms Incident on the Earth’s Atmosphere -- A Laboratory Experiment with Relevance to the Survival
of Micro-Organisms Entering a Planetary Atmosphere -- Biological Evolution -- Metallic Particles in Astronomy -- The Universe and Life: Deductions from the Weak Anthropic Principle -- Miller-Urey Synthesis in the Nuclei of Galaxies --
2. Cosmic Organic Polymers -- Formaldehyde Polymers in Interstellar Space -- Formaldehyde Polymers in Comets -- Composition of Cometary Dust: the Case against Silicates -- Primitive Grain Clumps and Organic Compounds in Carbonaceous
Chondrites -- Spectroscopic Evidence for Interstellar Grain Clumps in Meteoritic Inclusions -- Calculations of Infrared Fluxes from Galactic Sources for a Polysaccharide Grain Model -- 3. Cosmic Micro-Organisms: Infrared
Characterisation -- Infrared Spectroscopy of Micro-Organisms Near 3.4 ?m in Relation to Geology and Astronomy -- Infrared Spectroscopy over the 2.9-3.9 ?m Waveband in Biochemistry and Astronomy -- 2.8-3.6 ?m Spectra of Micro-Organisms
with Varying H2O Ice-Content -- Organo-Siliceous Biomolecules and the Infrared Spectrum of the Trapezium Nebula -- The Spectroscopic Identification of Interstellar Grains -- The Availability of Phosphorus in the Bacterial Model of the
Interstellar Grains -- Diatoms on Earth, Comets, Europa an. i. Interstellar Space -- A Diatom Model of Dust in the Trapezium Nebula -- Infrared Evidence for Panspermia: An Update -- 4. Evidence from Interstellar Extinction -- On the
Nature of Interstellar Grains -- A Model for Interstellar Extinction -- The Ultraviolet Absorbance of Presumably Interstellar Bacteria and Related Matters -- The Case against Graphite Particles in Interstellar Space -- 5. Biogenic
Aromatic Molecules in Space -- Organic Molecules in Interstellar Dust: A Possible Spectral Signature at ?.2200Å? -- Identification of the ? 2 200 Å Interstellar Absorption Feature -- A Unified Model for the 3.28 ? Emission and the 2200
Å Interstellar Extinction Feature -- Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Very Small Interstellar Grains -- An Integrated 2.5-12.5 ?m Emission Spectrum of Naturally-Occurring Aromatic Molecules -- Biofluorescence and the Extended Red Emission in
Astrophysical Sources -- 6. Comets and Life -- Comets, Ice Ages, and Ecological Catastrophes -- Comets - A Vehicle for Panspermia -- Some Predictions on the Nature of Comet Halley -- A Model of the 2-1 ?m Spectrum of Comet Halley --
Modelling the 5-30 ?ectrum of Comet Halley -- Very Small Dust Particles (VSDP’met C/19962 B2 (Hyakutake) -- The Astonishing Redness of Kuiper-Belt Objects -- Eruptions of Comet Hale-Bopp at 6.5 AU -- Infrared Radiation from Comet
Hale-Bopp
ISBN:9789401142977
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Evolutionary biology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Evolutionary Biology , Microbial Ecology , Paleontology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401142496:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pollutants from Combustion Formation and Impact on Atmospheric Chemistry
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (338 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4249-6
Contents:Sources of pollutants -- Chemistry of combustion processes -- Combustion mechanisms — Solid Phase Structural Changes and Heterogeneous Reactions -- Influence of physical phenomena on the formation of pollutants in combustion --
General descripton of atmospheric chemistry -- Stratospheric chemistry and the effect of pollutants on ozone -- Gas-phase reaction mechanisms for nitrogen oxide formation and removal in combustion -- NOx chemistry and emissions - I
Heterogeneous reactions (NO + NO2) -- NOx chemistry and emissions - II Heterogeneous reactions (N2O) -- Formation of aromatics in combustion systems -- Soot formation and oxidation -- VOC: Volatile organic compounds Formation and
Emission -- Sulphur chemistry in combustion I Sulphur in fuels and combustion chemistry -- Sulphur chemistry in combustion II Flue gas desulphurization -- Combustion of chlorinated hydrocarbons
ISBN:9789401142496
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 547
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Air pollution , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9780306470998:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Sensors and Microsystems New Concepts, Materials, Technologies
Author(s):
Date:2000
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (318 p.)
Note:10.1007/b115495
Contents:Technology -- Advanced Optoelectronics in Optical Fibre Sensors -- Interferometric Distance Sensors -- Optical Tomography: Techniques and Applications -- Optical Waveguide Refractometers -- Characterization of an Optical Fibre pH
Sensor with Methyl Red as Optical Indicator -- Optical Sensors and Microsystems Using Liquid Crystals -- Idium Tin Oxide Films for Optical Sensors -- Optoelectronic Neural Networks -- Complex ABCB-matrices: A general Tool for Analyzing
Arbitrary Optical Systems -- Microsystems and Related Technologies -- The Stretch-and-write Technique for Fabrication of Fiber Bragg-grating Arrays -- Applications -- Fluorescence Lifetime-based Sensing for Bioprocess and Biomedical
Applications -- A Piezoelectric Biosensor as a Direct Affinity Sensor -- The Complex Phase Tracing Based Shape Evaluation System for Orthopaedic Application -- Optical Fibre Chemical Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications
-- to the Multicomponent Analysis with Arrays of Non-selective Chemical Sensors -- High Sensitivity Trace Gas Monitoring Using Semiconductor Diode Lasers -- Optical Fiber Sensors for the Nuclear Environment -- Crlorinated Hydrocarbons
Trace Detection in Water by Sparging and Laser IR Gas Phase Detection -- Hollow Core Fiber Guides As Gas Analysis Cells for Laser Spectroscopy -- Chemiluminescence Imaging of Plant Origin Materials -- Optical Fiber Sensors for the
Cultural Heritage -- Fiber Optics Reflectance Spectroscopy: A Non-destructive Technique for the Analysis of Works of Art -- Optical Diagnostic Systems and Sensors to Control Laser Cleaning of Artworks -- Electro-optical Sensors for
Mechanical Applications -- Optical Fibres and Their Role in Smart Structures -- All Optical Fiber Ultrasonic Sources for Non Destructive Testing and Clinical Diagnosis
ISBN:9780306470998
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Acoustics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Mechanical engineering , Industrial engineering , Production engineering , Electrical engineering , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Industrial and Production Engineering , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Electrical Engineering , Acoustics , Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401147422:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carbyne and Carbynoid Structures
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (446 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4742-2
Contents:1: Introduction -- 1.1. The discovery of carbyne -- 1.2. The nature of carbyne: pros and cons -- 2: Carbyne and carbynoid structures in nature -- 2.1. Carbon-how many allotropes associated with meteorites and impact phenomena? -- 2.2.
Other natural carbynoid structures -- 3: Syntheses of carbyne and carbynoid structures -- 3.1. Catalytic and electrochemical polycondensation reactions -- 3.1.1. Dehydropolycondensation of acetylene -- 3.1.2. Polycondensation reaction
of halides -- 3.2. Chemical, photo-, and electrochemical transformations of polymers -- 3.2.1. Chemical dehydrohalogenation of polymers -- 3.2.2. Photo-and laser-induced dehydrohalogenation of polymers -- 3.2.3. Dehydrogenation of
polyacetylene at high static pressure -- 3.3.1. Decomposition of hydrocarbons -- 3.3.2. Pyrolysis of organic polymers -- 3.4. Phase transformation of carbon materials -- 3.4.1. Condensation of carbon vapour -- 3.4.2. Ion-assisted
condensation of carbon -- 3.4.3. Dynamic pressure synthesis -- 3.5. Electrochemical methods -- 4: Structural models of carbyne -- 4.1. Structural and electronic properties of polyyne -- 4.2. Kinked chains and layered structure -- 4.3.
Carbyne intercalation compounds -- 4.4. Electron diffraction and microscopy -- 5: Properties of carbyne and carbynoid structures -- 5.1. Chemical properties -- 5.2. Thermophysical properties -- 5.3. Electrical and optical properties --
6: Molecular and electron spectroscopy of carbyne structures -- 6.1. Raman and infrared spectroscopy -- 6.2. Electron spin resonance spectroscopy -- 6.3. Electron spectroscopy -- 6.4. Electron energy loss spectroscopy studies of
carbynoid structures -- 7: Suggested technical applications of carbyne materials -- 7.1. Diamond synthesis from carbyne -- 7.2. Medical applications of carbynoid materials
ISBN:9789401147422
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Low-Dimensional Structures: 21
Keywords: Materials science , Analytical chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Materials Science , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Inorganic Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783642980275:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Combustion Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation
Author(s): Jürgen Warnatz
Date:1999
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (299 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-98027-5
Contents:1 Introduction, Fundamental Definitions and Phenomena -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Some Fundamental Definitions -- 1.3 Basic Flame Types -- 1.4 Exercises -- 2 Experimental Investigation of Flames -- 2.1 Velocity Measurements -- 2.2
Density Measurement -- 2.3 Concentration Measurements -- 2.4 Temperature Measurements -- 2.5 Pressure Measurements -- 2.6 Measurement of Particle Sizes -- 2.7 Simultaneous Diagnostics -- 2.8 Exercises -- 3 Mathematical Description of
Premixed Laminar Flat Flames -- 3.1 Conservation Equations for Laminar Flat Premixed Flames -- 3.2 Heat and Mass Transport -- 3.3 The Description of a Laminar Premixed Flat Flame Front -- 3.4 Exercises -- 4 Thermodynamics of Combustion
Processes -- 4.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.2 Standard Enthalpies of Formation -- 4.3 Heat Capacities -- 4.4 The Second Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.5 The Third Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.6 Equilibrium Criteria and
Thermodynamic Variables -- 4.7 Equilibrium in Gas Mixtures Chemical Potential -- 4.8 Determination of Equilibrium Compositions in Gases -- 4.9 Determination of Adiabatic Flame Temoeratures -- 4.10 Tabulation of Thermodynamic Data --
4.11 Exercises -- 5 Transport Phenomena -- 5.1 A Simple Physical Model of the Transport Processes -- 5.2 Heat Conduction in Gases -- 5.3 Viscosity of Gases -- 5.4 Diffusion in Gases -- 5.5 Thermal Diffusion, Dufour Effect, and Pressure
Diffusion -- 5.6 Comparison with Experiments -- 5.7 Exercises -- 6 Chemical Kinetics -- 6.1 Rate Laws and Reaction Orders -- 6.2 Relation of Forward and Reverse Reactions -- 6.3 Elementary Reactions, Reaction Molecularity -- 6.4
Experimental Investigation of Elementarv Reactions -- 6.5 Temperature Dependence of Rate Coefficients -- 6.6 Pressure Dependence of Rate Coefficients -- 6.7 Surface Reactions -- 6.8 Exercises -- 7. Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.1
Characteristics of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.2 Analysis of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.3 Stiffness of Ordinary Differential Equation Systems -- 7.4 Simplification of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.5 Radical Chain Reactions -- 7.6 Exercises -- 8
Laminar Premixed Flames -- 8.1 Zeldovich’s Analysis of Flame Propagation -- 8.2 Numerical Solution of the Conservation Equations -- 8.3 Flame Structures -- 8.4 Flame Velocities -- 8.5 Sensitivity Analysis -- 8.6 Exercises -- 9 Laminar
Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.1 Counterflow Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.2 Laminar Jet Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.3 Nonpremixed Flames With Fast Chemistry -- 9.4 Exercises -- 10 Ignition Processes -- 10.1 Semenov’s Analysis of Thermal Explosions --
10.2 Frank-Kamenetskii’s Analysis of Thermal Explosions -- 10.3 Autoignition: Ignition Limits -- 10.4 Autoignition: Ignition-Delay Time -- 10.5 Induced Ignition, Minimum Ignition Energies -- 10.6 Spark Ignition -- 10.7 Detonations --
10.8 Exercises -- 11 The Navier-Stokes-Equations for Three-Dimensional Reacting Flows -- 11.1 The Conservation Equations -- 11.2 The Empirical Laws -- 11.3 Appendix: Some Definitions and Laws from Vector- and Tensor-Analysis -- 11.4
Exercises -- 12 Turbulent Reacting Flows -- 12.1 Some Fundamental Phenomena -- 12.2 Direct Numerical Simulation -- 12.3 Concepts for Turbulence Modeling: Probability Density Functions (PDFs) -- 12.4 Concepts for Turbulence Modeling:
Time- and Favre-Averaging -- 12.5 Averaged Conservation Equations -- 12.6 Turbulence Models -- 12.7 Mean Reaction Rates -- 12.8 Eddy-Break-Up-Models -- 12.9 Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) -- 12.10 Turbulent Scales -- 12.11 Exercises -- 13
Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames -- 13.1 Nonpremixed Flames with Equilibrium Chemistry -- 13.2 Finite-Rate Chemistry in Nonpremixed Flames -- 13.3 Flame Extinction -- 13.4 PDF-Simulations of Turbulent Non-Premixed Flames -- 13.5 Exercises
-- 14 Turbulent Premixed Flames -- 14.1 Classification of Turbulent Premixed Flames -- 14.2 Flamelet Models -- 14.3 Turbulent Flame Velocity -- 14.4 Flame Extinction -- 14.5 Other Models of Turbulent Premixed Combustion -- 14.6
Exercises -- 15 Combustion of Liquid and Solid Fuels -- 15.1 Droplet and Spray Combustion -- 15.2 Coal Combustion -- 16 Low-Temperature Oxidation, Engine Knock -- 16.1 Fundamental Phenomena -- 16.2 High-Temperature Oxidation -- 16.3
Low-Temperature Oxidation -- 16.4 Knock Damages -- 16.5 Exercises -- 17 Formation of Nitric Oxides -- 17.1 Thermal NO (Zeldovich-NO) -- 17.2 Prompt NO (Fenimore-NO) -- 17.3 NO Generated via Nitrous Oxide -- 17.4 Conversion of Fuel
Nitrogen into NO -- 17.5 NO Reduction by Combustion Modifications -- 17.6 Catalytic Combustion -- 17.7 NO-Reduction by Post-Combustion Processes -- 18 Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot -- 18.1 Unburnt Hydrocarbons -- 18.2 Formation of
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) -- 18.3 The Phenomenology of Soot Formation -- 18.4 Modelling and Simulation of Soot Formation -- 19 References -- 20 Index
ISBN:9783642980275
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Air pollution , Physics , Thermodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Environmental Monitoring/Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642588471:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics Special Chapters
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (378 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-58847-1
Contents:1. Quantum Theory of Free Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.1 Maxwell’s Equations -- 1.2 Electromagnetic Plane Waves -- 1.3 Quantization of Free Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.4 Eigenstates of Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.5 Coherent States
(Glauber States) of Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.6 Biographical Notes -- 2. Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Matter -- 2.1 Emission of Radiation from an Excited Atom -- 2.2 Lifetime of an Excited State -- 2.3 Absorption of
Photons -- 2.4 Photon Scattering from Free Electrons -- 2.5 Calculation of the Total Photon Scattering Cross Section -- 2.6 Cherenkov Radiation of a Schrödinger Electron -- 2.7 Natural Linewidth and Self-energy -- 3. Noninteracting
Fields -- 3.1 Spin-Statistics Theorem -- 3.2 Relationship Between Second Quantization and Elementary Quantum Mechanics -- 4. Quantum Fields with Interaction -- 5. Infinities in Quantum Electrodynamics: Renormalization Problems -- 5.1
Attraction of Parallel, Conducting Plates Due to Field Quantum Fluctuations (Casimir Effect) -- 5.2 Renormalization of the Electron Mass -- 5.3 The Splitting of the Hydrogen States 2s1/2?2p3/2: The Lamb Shift -- 5.4 Is There an
Inconsistency in Bethe’s Approach? -- 6. Nonrelativistic Quantum Field Theory of Interacting Particles and Its Applications -- 6.1 Quantum Gases -- 6.2 Nearly Ideal, Degenerate Bose—Einstein Gases -- 7. Superfluidity -- 7.1 Basics of a
Microscopic Theory of Superfluidity -- 7.2 Landau’s Theory of Superfluidity -- 8. Pair Correlations Among Fermions and Bosons -- 8.1 Pair-Correlation Function for Fermions -- 8.2 Pair-Correlation Function for Bosons -- 8.3 The
Hanbury-Brown and Twiss Effect -- 8.4 Cooper Pairs -- 9. Quasiparticles in Plasmas and Metals: Selected Topics -- 9.1 Plasmons and Phonons -- 10. Basics of Quantum Statistics -- 10.1 Concept of Quantum Statistics and the Notion of
Entropy -- 10.2 Density Operator of a Many-Particle State -- 10.3 Dynamics of a Quantum-Statistical Ensemble -- 10.4 Ordered and Disordered Systems: The Density Operator and Entropy -- 10.5 Stationary Ensembles -- 11. Structure of
Atoms -- 11.1 Atoms with Two Electrons -- 11.2 The Hartree Method -- 11.3 Thomas—Fermi Method -- 11.4 The Hartree—Fock Method -- 11.5 On the Periodic System of the Elements -- 11.6 Splitting of Orbital Multiplets -- 11.7 Spin—Orbit
Interaction -- 11.8 Treatment of the Spin-Orbit Splitting in the Hartree—Fock Approach -- 11.9 The Zeeman Effect -- 11.10 Biographical Notes -- 12. Elementary Structure of Molecules -- 12.1 Born—Oppenheimer Approximation -- 12.2 The
H+2 Ion as an Example -- 12.3 The Hydrogen Molecule -- 12.4 Electron Pairing -- 12.5 Spatially Oriented Orbits -- 12.6 Hybridization -- 12.7 Hydrocarbons -- 12.8 Biographical Notes -- 13. Feynman’s Path Integral Formulation of
Schrödinger’s Wave Mechanics -- 13.1 Action Functional in Classical Mechanics and Schrödinger’s Wave Mechanics -- 13.2 Transition Amplitude as a Path Integral -- 13.3 Path Integral Representation of the Schrödinger Propagator -- 13.4
Alternative Derivation of the Schrödinger Equation -- 13.5 Biographical Notes
ISBN:9783642588471
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9789401139731:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemosensors of Ion and Molecule Recognition
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (245 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-3973-1
Contents:Modification of cyclodextrins to control their guest-host chemistry and their application as chemosensors -- New fluorescent readouts for protein interactions, gene expression, and membrane potential -- Chemical sensors based on field
effect transistors selective recognition of cations and anions -- Aqueous sugar sensing by boronic-acid-based artificial receptors -- Solid state supramolecular optical sensors -- Fluorescent chemosensors which take profit from the
metalligand interaction -- Recognition, transduction and immobilisation- A holistic approach to sensor development -- Signal transduction in chemosensors of modified cyclodextrins -- Hydrogen bonding chemosensors for metabolites and
nucleotides -- New approaches to sensory materials: Molecular recognition in conjugated polymers. New transduction methodology -- Higher generation luminescent PET (photoinduced electron transfer) sensors -- Chemosensing of monocyclic
and bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by supramolecular active sites -- Squaraine-based long wavelength fluorescent chemosensors for ions -- A fluorescent chemosensor with selectivity for Hg(II). Chelatoselectivity via ligand
immobilization -- Cation-responsive fluorescent sensors -- Fluorescent, siderophore-based hydroxamate chelators for the detection of transition-metalions -- Author index
ISBN:9789401139731
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 492
Keywords: Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Organic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Organic Chemistry , Chemistry/Food Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461218784:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inverse Problems in Wave Propagation
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (499 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1878-4
Contents:Wave propagation inverse problems in medicine and environmental health -- Variational structure of inverse problems in wave propagation and vibration -- Convergence of numerical methods for inverse problems with general input sources
-- Topics in ocean acoustic inverse problems -- Survey of selected topics in inverse electromagnetic scattering theory -- Generalized modes in an acoustic strip -- Inverse scattering problems for Schrödinger operators with magnetic and
electric potentials -- Results, old and new, in computed tomography -- Detecting subsurface hydrocarbons with elastic wavefields -- How many parameters can one solve for in diffuse tomography? -- Modeling scanned Acoustic imaging of
defects at solid interfaces -- On reconstruction of the diffusion and of the principal coefficient of a hyperbolic equation -- The r-solution and its applications in linearized waveform inversion for a layered background -- Directional
moments in the acoustic inverse problem -- Finding the density of a membrane from nodal lines -- An inverse obstacle problem: A uniqueness theorem for balls -- Inverse scattering in acoustic media using interior transmission
eigenvalues -- A layer stripping algorithm in elastic impedance tomography -- Partitioned nonlinear optimization for the interpretation of seismograms -- Applications of inverse methods to the analysis of refraction and wide-angle
seismic data -- Inversions in astronomy and the SOLA method -- Local reconstruction applied to x-ray microtomography -- On the layer stripping approach to a 1-D inverse problem -- Estimates for approximate solutions to acoustic inverse
scattering problems
ISBN:9781461218784
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 90
Keywords: Mathematics , Health informatics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Computer mathematics , Biomathematics , Physics , Acoustics , Mathematics , Analysis , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics , Health Informatics , Acoustics , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9789400901551:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metal-Ligand Interactions Structure and Reactivity
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (552 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0155-1
Contents:Preface -- List of Contributors -- Density Functional Modeling of Ligand-Metal Interactions and EnzymaticActivities in Metalloenzymes Peptide Bond Cleavage by Carboxypeptidase A -- Guided-Ion Beam Studies of Ionic Transition Metal
Clusters and Complexes -- Influence of Silys Ligands on the Reactivity of Heterobimetallic Complexes: Insertion and Migration Reactions -- Compounds of Post-Transition Elements of Group 12–14 Containing Fe(CO)4 and Related Iron
Carbonyl Ligands -- Ligand-Metal Surface Interactions: Synthesis, Structure and Reactivity -- 2,2’ Bipyrimidine: A Useful Tool in Designing Polynuclear Complexes of Controlled Nuclearity -- Influence of Particle Size on Metallic and
Bimetallic Supported Catalysts: Hydrogenolysis of Hydrocarbons and Selective Hydrogenation of Nitro-Groups -- Quantum Mechanical Ab Initio Investigation of Metal-Ligand Interactions in Transition-Metal Carbonyl Complexes -- Clean and
Modified Oxide Surfaces: Structure and Dynamics of Adsorbed Molecules -- Site and Size Effects on the Binding Energy of CO on Palladium Clusters A Density Functional Treatment -- Progress Towards a Molecular Surface Science: Dative
Interactions in Chemistry at Metal Centres as Revealed by Spectroscopic, Kinetic and Dynamical Studies -- Theoretical Dynamical Studies of Metal Clusters and Clusters-Ligand Systems -- The Role of Interelectronic Interaction in
Transition Metal Oxide Catalysts -- Coordinatively Unsaturated Pt and Pt-Re Clusters as Models for Surfaces and Bimetallic Catalysts -- Molecular Adsorption of Diazirine on Palladium (110) Clusters Models using the LCGTO-MCP-LSD Method
-- Metal-Ligand Interactions in Gas Phase and in Solution. The Density Functional Point of View -- Ab Initio Calculations of Electronic Surface States of Transition Metal Oxides and of the Superexchange Coupling in Oxo-Bridged
Transition Metal Complexes -- Intermediate Neglect of Differential Overlap Calculations on the Electronic Spectra of Transition Metal Complexes -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789400901551
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 474
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Organometallic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Catalysis , Chemistry , Organometallic Chemistry , Catalysis , Inorganic Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783642976681:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Combustion Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation
Author(s): Jürgen Warnatz
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (265 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97668-1
Contents:1 Introduction, Fundamental Definitions and Phenomena -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Some Fundamental Definitions -- 1.3 Basic Flame Types -- 1.4 Exercises -- 2 Experimental Investigation of Flames -- 2.1 Velocity Measurements -- 2.2
Density Measurement -- 2.3 Concentration Measurements -- 2.4 Temperature Measurements -- 2.5 Pressure Measurements -- 2.6 Measurement of Particle Sizes -- 2.7 Exercises -- 3 Mathematical Description of Laminar Flat Premixed Flames --
3.1 Conservation Equations for Laminar Flat Premixed Flames -- 3.2 Heat and Mass Transport -- 3.3 The Description of a Laminar Premixed Flat Flame Front -- 3.4 Exercises -- 4 Thermodynamics of Combustion Processes -- 4.1 The First Law
of Thermodynamics -- 4.2 Standard Enthalpies of Formation -- 4.3 Heat Capacities -- 4.4 The Second Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.5 The Third Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.6 Equilibrium Criteria and Thermodynamic Variables -- 4.7 Equilibrium
in Gas Mixtures Chemical Potential -- 4.8 Determination of Equilibrium Compositions in Gases -- 4.9 Determination of Adiabatic Flame Temperatures -- 4.10 Tabulation of Thermodynamic Data -- 4.11 Exercises -- 5 Transport Phenomena --
5.1 A Simple Physical Model of the Transport Processes -- 5.2 Heat Conduction in Gases -- 5.3 Viscosity of Gases -- 5.4 Diffusion in Gases -- 5.5 Thermal Diffusion, Dufour-Effect, and Pressure Diffusion -- 5.6 Comparison with
Experiments -- 5.7 Exercises -- 6 Chemical Kinetics -- 6.1 Rate Laws and Reaction Orders -- 6.2 Relation of Forward and Reverse Reactions -- 6.3 Elementary Reactions, Reaction Molecularity -- 6.4 Experimental Investigation of
Elementary Reactions -- 6.5 Temperature Dependence of Rate Coefficients -- 6.6 Pressure Dependence of Rate Coefficients -- 6.7 Surface Reactions -- 6.8 Exercises -- 7. Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.1 Characteristics of Reaction Mechanisms
-- 7.2 Analysis of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.3 Stiffness of Ordinary Differential Equation Systems -- 7.4 Simplification of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.5 Radical Chain Reactions -- 7.6 Exercises -- 8 Laminar Premixed Flames -- 8.1
Zeldovich’s Analysis of Flame Propagation -- 8.2 Numerical Solution of the Conservation Equations -- 8.3 Flame Structures -- 8.4 Flame Velocities -- 8.5 Sensitivity Analysis -- 8.6 Exercises -- 9 Laminar Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.1
Coimterflow Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.2 Laminar Jet Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.3 Nonpremixed Flames With Fast Chemistry -- 9.4 Exercises -- 10 Ignition Processes -- 10.1 Semenov’s Analysis of Thermal Explosions -- 10.2 Frank-Kamenetskifs
Analysis of Thermal Explosions -- 10.3 Autoignition: Ignition Limits -- 10.4 Autoignition: Ignition-Delay Time -- 10.5 Induced Ignition, Minimum Ignition Energies -- 10.6 Spark Ignition -- 10.7 Detonations -- 10.8 Exercises -- 11 The
Navier-Stokes-Equations for Three-Dimensional Reacting Flows -- 11.1 The Conservation Equations -- 11.2 The Empirical Laws -- 11.3 Appendix: Some Definitions and Laws from Vector- and Tensor-Analysis -- 11.4 Exercises -- 12 Turbulent
Reacting Flows -- 12.1 Some Fundamental Phenomena -- 12.2 Direct Numerical Simulation -- 12.3 Concepts for Turbulence Modeling: Probability Density Functions (PDFs) -- 12.4 Concepts for Turbulence Modeling: Time- and Favre-Averaging --
12.5 Averaged Conservation Equations -- 12.6 Turbulence Models -- 12.7 Mean Reaction Rates -- 12.8 Eddy-Break-Up-Models -- 12.9 Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) -- 12.10 Turbulent Scales -- 12.11 Exercises -- 13 Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames
-- 13.1 Nonpremixed Flames with Equilibrium Chemistry -- 13.2 Finite-Rate Chemistry in Nonpremixed Flames -- 13.3 Flame Extinction -- 13.4 PDF-Simulations of Turbulent Non-Premixed Flames -- 13.5 Exercises -- 14 Turbulent Premixed
Flames -- 14.1 Classification of Turbulent Premixed Flames -- 14.2 Flamelet Models -- 14.3 Turbulent Flame Velocity -- 14.4 Flame Extinction -- 14.5 Other Models of Turbulent Premixed Combustion -- 14.6 Exercises -- 15 Combustion of
Liquid and Solid Fuels -- 15.1 Droplet and Spray Combustion -- 15.2 Coal Combustion -- 16 Engine Knock -- 16.1 Fundamental Phenomena -- 16.2 High Temperature Oxidation -- 16.3 Low Temperature Oxidation -- 16.4 Knock Damages -- 16.5
Exercises -- 17 Formation of Nitric Oxides -- 17.1 Thermal NO (Zeldovich-NO) -- 17.2 Prompt NO (Fenimore-NO) -- 17.3 NO Generated via Nitrous Oxide -- 17.4 Conversion of Fuel Nitrogen into NO -- 17.5 NO Reduction by Primary Methods --
17.6 NO-Reduction by Secondary Methods -- 18 Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot -- 18.1 Unburnt Hydrocarbons -- 18.2 Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) -- 18.3 The Phenomenology of Soot Formation -- 18.4 Modelling and
Simulation of Soot Formation -- 19 References -- 20 Keyword Index
ISBN:9783642976681
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Air pollution , Physics , Thermodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Environmental Monitoring/Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461303794:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Produced Water 2 Environmental Issues and Mitigation Technologies
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (549 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0379-4
Contents:Section I. Legislative and Management Issues -- 1. Session Summary -- 2. Regulation of Produced Water on the Norwegian Continental Shelf -- 3. Discharges of Produced Water to the North Sea: Effects in the Water Column -- 4. Regulation
of Produced Water by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency -- Section II. Chemistry and Toxicity Issues -- 5. Session Summary -- 6. Estimating the Acute Toxicity of Produced Waters to Marine Organisms Using Predictive Toxicity
Models -- 7. A Comparison between the Toxicity of Produced Oil and Gas Condensate Using a New Sediment Bioassay for Deposited Oil -- 8. Produced Water Composition, Toxicity, and Fate: A Review of Recent BP North Sea Studies -- 9. Field
Evaluation of Toxic Effects and Dispersion of Produced Water Discharges from North Sea Oil Platforms: Implications for Monitoring Acute Impacts in the Environment -- 10. Sub-Lethal Effects of Oil-Produced Water on the Early Life Stages
of Turbot -- 11. Exposure of Cod Larvae (Gadus morhua L) to Phenols in Produced Water during the Critical Period of First Feeding -- Section III. Environmental Effects -- 12. Session Summary -- 13. Ecotoxicological Risk of Produced
Water Discharged from Oil Production Platforms in the Statfjord and Gullfaks Field -- 14. The N-Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient: A Critical Parameter in Environmental Risk Assessment of Offshore E&P Chemicals -- 15. Effects of the
Water Soluble Fraction of Crude Oil on Marine Fish Larvae and Crustaceans -- 16. Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Produced Water: Bioaccumulation and Trophic Transfer in Marine Food Webs -- 17. Delineation of Benthic Impact and Recovery at Two
Produced Water Discharge Sites in Inshore Louisiana -- 18. The Effects of Produced Water on Hydrocarbon Levels and on P4501A Monooxygenase Activity in Fish Larvae in the Northern North Sea -- Section IV. Dispersion Models -- 19.
Session Summary -- 20. Dispersion Modeling Perspectives on the Environmental Fate of Produced Water Discharges -- 21. Development and Appraisal of a Particle Tracking Model for the Dispersion of Produced Water Discharged from an Oil
Production Platform in the North Sea -- 22. A Buoyant Jet/Plume Model for Subsea Releases -- 23. An Intercomparison between Field Measurements and Three Different Calculation Models for Estimates of Dilution Factors -- Section V.
Environmental Modelling -- 24. Session Summary -- 25. Environmental Effects of Discharge and Reinjection of Produced Water -- 26. The Role of the Supplier of Production Chemicals in Managing the Environmental Impact of Produced Water
in Offshore Oil and Gas Production -- 27. An Introduction to the CHARM Model -- 28. The Charm Model Used in Environmental Risk Management of Produced Water on Ula -- 29. PROVANN: A Model System for Assessing Potential Chronic Effects
of Produced Water -- Section VI. U.S. DOE: Gulf of Mexico Studies -- 30. Session Summary -- 31. U.S. Department of Energy Sponsored Study — Environmental and Economic Assessment of Discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas
Operations: An Overview -- 32. Assessing the Potential for Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals from Produced Water Discharges to the Gulf of Mexico -- 33. An Ecological Risk Assessment for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in
Produced Water Discharges to the Western Gulf of Mexico -- 34. Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Associated with Offshore Produced Water Discharges in the Gulf of Mexico -- 35. Distribution of Finfish Caught Near Oilfield
Structures along Coastal Louisiana and Texas -- 36. Risk Assessment for Produced Water Discharges to Open Bays in Louisiana -- Section VII. Technology for Mitigation -- 37. Session Summary -- 38. Air Stripping Combined with FID
Detection for Oil-in-Water Analysis -- 39. Dissolved Component Removal from Oilfield Waters -- 40. Report on the Start-up of a Unique Hydrocyclone-Based System for Treating Produced Water -- 41. Produced Water Reinjection (PWRI):
Experiences from the Ula Field -- 42. Down Hole Separation (DHS) Technology -- 43. Evaluation of NF/UF Membrane Treatment in De-Oiling Produced Water in-Situ at a Heavy-Oil Production Facility in Western Canada -- 44. Agip and the
Environment: Disposal of Produced Water from Gas Fields Exploitation in the Adriatic Sea -- 45. Biological Treatment Process for Removing Petroleum Hydrocarbons from Oilfield Produced Waters -- 46. Pretreatment of Oil Field and Mine
Waste Waters for Reverse Osmosis -- 47. Comparison of Injectivity Prediction Models to Estimate Ula Field Injector Performance for Produced Water Reinjection
ISBN:9781461303794
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 52
Keywords: Life sciences , Organic chemistry , Chemical engineering , Ecology , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Life Sciences , Ecology , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Organic Chemistry , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401103732:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Diffuse Interstellar Bands
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (415 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0373-2
Contents:Contenst -- I: Observational Characteristics of the Diffuse Bands -- The Diffuse Bands: A Review with Speculations -- Diffuse Interstellar Bands in Individual Sightlines -- Ultra-High-Resolution Spectroscopy of Diffuse Bands -- The
Diffuse Interstellar Bands Towards Southern Stars -- The Diffuse Interstellar Band Spectrum -- Revisiting Diffuse Interstellar Bands in the Satellite Ultraviolet with the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph -- Diffuse Interstellar
Bands in the Near Infrared — A Dedicated Search for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Fullerene Cations -- A Search for Polarization in Diffuse Interstellar Bands Towards HD197770 -- II: Environmental Behavior of the Diffuse
Interstellar Bands -- Collective Behaviour of the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- DIBS and UV Extinction -- The Environment Dependence of Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- Diffuse Interstellar Bands in the Young Galactic Clusters M16 and M17
-- The Interstellar Space Mosaic: A User Interface for Accessing ISM Data World-Wide Distributed -- Diffuse Circumstellar Bands -- Red Rectangle Emission Bands -- HAC and the ERE -- Visible Luminescence From PAH Cations and the Diffuse
Bands in Emission -- Carrier of the Emission ?5797 DIB in the Red Rectangle: Suprathermally Rotating PAH? -- III: Laboratory Studies of Proposed Carriers -- Laboratory Studies of DIB Carriers -- Laboratory Studies of Highly Unsaturated
Carbon Chains and the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- Absorption Spectroscopy of Neutral and Ionized PAHs. Implications for the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- A Critical Assessment of the PAH Hypothesis: Revisited -- Photofragmentation of
Isolated PAH Cations -- Experimental Study of Naphthalene and Anthracene Reactions -- IV: Diffuse Bands and Interstellar Dust -- The Diffuse Interstellar Bands and Interstellar Dust -- Dust Grain Carriers and the Diffuse Band Profiles
-- Interstellar Polarization -- Polarization of the 2175 Å Feature -- V: Theoretical Studies of Molecular Carriers -- Spectroscopy and Photophysics of Possible Large Molecule Carriers of the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- Large
Molecules in the Interstellar Medium -- Charge Variation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Diffuse Interstellar Medium -- VI: Proposed Carriers -- Observational Constraints on the Carriers of the Diffuse Bands -- Porphyrins
Within Interstellar Grains -- Fulleranes and the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- DIB Carriers on Grain Surfaces -- PAH Cations as Candidates to the DIB Carriers -- Carbon Chains and the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- A Critique of
Suggested Diffuse Band Carriers -- Summary -- Addresses of Participants -- Index of Specific Diffuse Bands
ISBN:9789401103732
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 202
Keywords: Physics , Analytical chemistry , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Atoms , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401103534:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supramolecular Stereochemistry
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (263 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0353-4
Contents:Section I: Plenary Contributions -- Macromolecular Stereochemistry: The Differing Roles of a Helix Reversal in Dilute Solution, in a Liquid Crystal, and in a Polymer Blend -- From Molecular to Supramolecular Chirality -- Template
Induced Control of Stereochemistry for the Synthesis of Polymers -- Dendrimers — Nanoscopic Supermolecules According to Dendritic Rules and Principles -- Construction of DNA Polyhedra and Knots Through Symmetry Minimization --
Molecular Recognition by Catenated Structures -- Novel Protein Topologies -- A New Molecular Encoding System -- Recognition of B vs. Z-Form DNA using Nickel and Cobalt Complexes -- Principles of Antibody Catalysis -- Mechanistic
Studies on the Formation of BZIP•DNA Interfaces. A Simple Example of Supramolecular Stereochemistry -- Chiral Discrimination in Crystalline Enantiomer Systems: Facts, Interpretations, and Speculations -- A Carbohydrate-Carbohydrate
Interaction in Water using a Synthetic Model System -- Design of Host Molecules Capable of Forming Extremely Stable Host-Guest Complexes -- Structural Control over the Formation of Calcium Carbonate Mineral Phases in Biomineralization
-- Hydrogen Bonding Control of Molecular Self-Assembly -- Supramolecular Stereochemistry of Supercharged Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Enhancement of Electrostatic Binding Through Cooperative Interactions: Enthalpy/Entropy
Compensation and Peptide-Peptide Recognition -- Toward Columns and Channels from Torands and Molecular Coils -- Section II: Poster Contributions -- QMView: As a Supramolecular Visualization Tool --
Cis-trans-trans-l,2,3,4-Tetracyclohexylcyclohexane: A Monocyclic Unconstrained Cyclohexane Existing in a Twist-Boat Conformation -- The Conformation of Coumarin-Crown Ethers with Spin-Spin and Site Exchange Simulations -- Clathration
Properties of Propeller-Shaped Molecules -- Control of Self-Assembly by Acid-Based Chemistry: Reversible Encapsulation of Xenon by Two Indentical Half-Shells -- Structural Diversity in a Family of Synthetic Oligoamides --
Diastereospecific Recognition of Dyes by Salt Crystals: A Case of Plundered Stereochemistry in Postwar Europe -- Selectivity Enhancement by Concave Reagents -- From p-tert-Butyl-Calix[6]arene to p-tert-Butyl-[1*]metacyclophane.
Isolation and Crystal Structure of a Mono Bridged Penta-Phosphoester -- Two Shells About a Nut: Carceplexes, Hemicarceplexes, and Highly Stable Ternary Complexes -- Cyclodextrin-Metallocene Inclusion Complexes -- Dendritic
Polyphosphates: Globular Polyelectrolytes -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401103534
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 473
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Polymers , Condensed matter , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Polymer Sciences , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401103176:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Composition, Geochemistry and Conversion of Oil Shales
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (505 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0317-6
Contents:I Reviews: Geochemistry & Characterisation -- 1. Organic petrography: principles and techniques. -- 2. Organic petrography of oil shales. -- 3. Demineralisation and kerogen maceral separation and chemistry. -- 4. Alkane biomarkers.
Geochemical significance and application in oil shale geochemistry. -- 5. Solid state 13C NMR in oil shale research: an introduction with selected applications. -- 6. Introduction to mass spectrometric techniques for fossil fuel
analysis. -- 7. An introduction to open-tubular gas chromatography — analysis of fossil and synthetic fuels. -- 8. Speciation of organic sulphur forms in solid fuels and heavy oils. -- 9. Detailed structural characterization of the
organic material in Rundle Ramsay Crossing and Green River oil shales. -- II Review: Conversion: Processing, Mechanisms and Products -- 1. Economic considerations of the oil shale and related conversion processes. -- 2. Oil shale
beneficiation for processing. -- 3. Methods of oil shale analysis. -- 4. Relationship between hydrous and ordinary pyrolysis. -- 5. Fluidized bed retorting of oil shale. -- 6. Steam and co-processing of oil shales. -- 7. Chemical
kinetics and oil shale process design. -- 8. Hydropyrolysis: fundamentals, two-stage processing and PDU operation. -- 9. The bitumen intermediate in isothermal and non-isothermal decomposition of oil shales. -- 10. Aqueous organic
chemistry: geochemical aspects. -- 11. Asphaltites composition and conversion. -- 12. Oil shale residues as a feedstock for carbon materials. -- 13. Combustion reactivity of chars. -- III Research contributions -- 1. A probe for the
rapid analysis of Vanadium: An Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and theoretical perspective. -- 2. Characterization of Jurassic black shales from Asturias (Northern Spain): evolution and petroleum potential. -- 3. n-Alkanoic compounds
in sulphur-rich macromolecular substances: a detailed investigation of sulphur incorporation and cross-linking. -- 4. Biodegradation of hydrocarbons by sulphate reducing-bacteria in the Cretaceous Bahloul Formation (Tunisia). -- 5.
Origin, evolution and petroleum potential of a Cambrian source rock: implications of pyrolysate and bitumen composition. -- 6. Carbon isotopic compositions of individual alkanes/alkenes in leaf fossils and sediments from the P-33 site
of the Miocene Clarkia deposit. -- 7. Atmospheric pressure temperature programmed reduction (AP-TPR) as a tool to investigate the changes in sulphur functionalities in solid fuels. -- 8. Organic geochemical characterization of some
carboniferous coal seams of the Zonguldak basin (N.W. Turkey). -- 9. X-ray studies of the structure of coals and cokes. -- 10. The aspects of microscopic studies as exemplified by the macroporous structure of cokes from bituminous coal
range. -- 11. Determination of organic sulphur forms in Type I/II kerogens by high pressure temperature programmed reduction
ISBN:9789401103176
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 455
Keywords: Earth sciences , Physical chemistry , Geochemistry , Economic geology , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Economic Geology , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642851230:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Positron Annihilation in Chemistry
Author(s): Ole Erik Mogensen
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (268 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-85123-0
Contents:1.Introduction -- 1.1 Positron Annihilation in Chemistry -- 1.2 History of Chemistry-Oriented Positron Annihilation Studies -- 1.3 Review of Physics-Oriented Positron Research -- 1.4 The Content and Intention of this Book -- 2 Theory
-- 2.1 The Annihilation Probability -- 2.2 Atomic Physics of Positronium (Ps) -- 2.3 Application of the Theory -- 3 Experimental Techniques -- 3.1 Positron Lifetime (LT) Technique -- 3.2 Angular Correlation (AC) Measurements -- 3.3
Doppler Broadening (DB) Measurements -- 3.4 Miscellaneous Measurements -- 4 Light Particle States in Insulating Matter -- 4.1 General Remarks -- 4.2 The Excess Electron -- 4.3 The Positron States in Liquids -- 4.4 The Ps States in
Liquids -- 4.5 Short Remarks on Light Particle States in Solids and Gases -- 4.6 Measurable Properties of Light Particles -- 5 The Positron Spur and Ps Formation in Pure Liquids -- 5.1 The Positron Track and its Terminal Spur -- 5.2
Homogeneous, Long Time Irradiation by Positron Slowing Down -- 5.3 Determination of the Ps Yield -- 5.4 Formation of Ps in the Positron Spur -- 5.5 The Measured Ps Yields for Pure Liquids -- 6 Solvated Positron Reactions. Models of
Reaction Kinetics -- 6.1 Hydrated Positron Reactions with Halides -- 6.2 Reaction Kinetics in Positron Annihilation -- 6.3 Discussion of $$ {\text{e}}_{\text{aq}}^{\text{C}} $$ Reactions. Low Concentrations -- 6.4 Discussion of $$
{\text{e}}_{\text{aq}}^{\text{C}} $$ Reactions. High Concentrations -- 7 Positronium Formation in Solutions -- 7.1 Special Cases of Ps Formation in Nonpolar Mixtures -- 7.2 Theory of Ps Inhibition and Antiinhibition -- 7.3 Empirical
Expression for the Ps Yield -- 7.4 Positronium Formation in Mixtures of Nonpolar Liquids -- 7.5 Positronium Formation in Solutions of Polar Liquids -- 7.6 Miscellaneous Ps Yield Effects -- 7.7 The Older Ps Formation Models -- 8
Positronium Reactions in Solutions -- 8.1 Kinetic Equations of Positronium Reactions -- 8.2 An Example of Ps Quenching and Inhibition -- 8.3 Positronium Quenching by Mainly Organic Molecules in Solutions -- 8.4 Paramagnetic Quenching
of Positronium in Solutions -- 8.5 Positronium Reactions with Ions in Aqueous Solutions -- 9 Principles of Positron Annihilation in Molecular Solids -- 9.1 Positronium Bloch Functions and Ps Trapping in Defects -- 9.2 Positronium
Trapping in Vacancies in Plastic Crystals -- 9.3 Positronium Formation in Solid Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- 9.4 Positronium in Some Other Molecular Crystals -- 9.5 Slow-Positron Beam Studies of Solids -- 10 Polymers and Miscellaneous
Molecular Compounds -- 10.1 Transition from Glassy to Normal Liquid State -- 10.2 Positron Annihilation in Polymers -- 10.3 Electric Field Dependence of the Ps Yield -- 10.4 Liquid Crystals and Miscellaneous Liquids -- 10.5
Miscellaneous Solids -- 11 Conclusion -- References -- Index of Chemicals
ISBN:9783642851230
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics: 58
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Atoms , Condensed matter , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781475794472:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (232 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9447-2
Contents:Section I. Overview -- 1 Basic Knowledge and Perspectives on Biodegradation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene and Related Nitroaromatic Compounds in Contaminated Soil -- Section II. Aerobic Bacteria -- 2 Bacterial Degradation of Nitroaromatic
Compounds under Aerobic Conditions -- 3 Microbial Production of Catechols From Nitroaromatic Compounds -- 4 Potential of Toluene-Degrading Systems for the Construction of Hybrid Pathways for Nitrotoluene Metabolism -- Section III.
Anaerobic Bacteria -- 5 Anaerobic Transformation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene and Other Nitroaromatic Compounds -- 6 Biodegradation of Nitrated Munition Compounds and Herbicides by Obligately Anaerobic Bacteria -- 7 Reductive Metabolism of
Nitroaromatic and Nitropolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Section IV. Fungi -- 8 Biodegradation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene by the White Rot Fungus Phanerochaete Chrysosporium -- 9 Pathway of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) Degradation by
Phanerochaete Chrysosporium -- Section V. Related Biochemistry -- 10 Bioorganic Chemistry of the Arylhydroxylamine and Nitrosoarene Functional Groups -- 11 Transformation of Inorganic N-Oxides by Denitrifying and Nitrifying Bacteria:
Pathways, Mechanisms, and Relevance to Biotransformation of Nitroaromatic Compounds -- 12 Environmental Processes Influencing the Rate of Abiotic Reduction of Nitroaromatic Compounds in the Subsurface
ISBN:9781475794472
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 49
Keywords: Life sciences , Biochemistry , Ecology , Microbiology , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Microbiology , Ecology , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781475793192:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Molecular Processes in Fusion Edge Plasmas
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (500 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9319-2
Contents:1 Basic Properties of Fusion Edge Plasmas and Role of Atomic and Molecular Processes -- 2 Spectroscopic Processes and Data for Fusion Edge Plasmas -- 3 Elastic and Excitation Electron Collisions with Atoms -- 4 Electron Impact
Ionization of Plasma Edge Atoms -- 5 Electron-Ion Recombination Processes in Plasmas -- 6 Excitation of Atomic Ions by Electron Impact -- 7 Ionization of Atomic Ions by Electron Impact -- 8 The Dependence of Electron Impact Excitation
and Ionization Cross Sections of H2 and D2 Molecules on Vibrational Quantum Number -- 9 Electron-Molecular Ion Collisions -- 10 Energy and Angular Distributions of Secondary Electrons Produced by Electron Impact Ionization -- 11
Elastic and Related Cross Sections for Low-Energy Collisions among Hydrogen and Helium Ions, Neutrals, and Isotopes -- 12 Rearrangement Processes Involving Hydrogen and Helium Atoms and Ions -- 13 Electron Capture Processes in Slow
Collisions of Plasma Impurity Ions with H, H2, and He -- 14 Reactive Ion-Molecule Collisions Involving Hydrogen and Helium -- 15 Particle Interchange Reactions Involving Plasma Impurity Ions and H2, D2, and HD -- 16 Electron Collision
Processes Involving Hydrocarbons
ISBN:9781475793192
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Continuum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical Continuum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642851674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Soot Formation in Combustion Mechanisms and Models
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (596 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-85167-4
Contents:Overview Soot Formation in Combustion -- A Short Introduction to the Problem — Structure of the Following Parts -- I PAH Formation in Sooting Flames Experimental Investigation and Kinetics -- 1 Investigation of the High Temperature
Reaction of Hydrogen Atoms with Phenylacetylene -- 2 Benzene and Higher Hydrocarbon Formation During Allene Pyrolysis -- 3 Formation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Decane and Kerosene Flames at Reduced Pressure -- 4 Growth of Large Ionic
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sooting Flames -- 5 Spectroscopic and Chemical Characterization of Soot Inception Processes in Premixed Laminar Flames at Atmospheric Pressure -- 6 General Discussion to Part I -- II PAH Formation in
Sooting Flames Global Dependence and Modelling -- 7 Radical Concentration Measurements in Hydrocarbon Diffusion Flames -- 8 Detection of Large Aromatics in Flames by REMPI-MS -- 9 Pressure Dependence of Formation of Soot and PAH in
Premixed Flames -- 10 Detailed Mechanism and Modeling of Soot Particle Formation -- 11 General Discussion to Part II -- III Soot in Flames Mass Growth and Related Phenomena -- 12 Soot Mass Growth in Laminar Diffusion Flames—Parametric
Modelling -- 13 Concentration and Temperature Effects on Soot Formation in Diffusion Flames -- 14 Mass Growth of Charged Soot Particles in Premixed Flames -- 15 Growth of Soot Particles in Premixed Flames by Surface Reactions -- 16
Active Sites in Soot Growth -- 17 Soot Precursor Particles in Flames -- 18 General Discussion to Part III -- IV Soot in Flames Formation, Dependence, Practical Systems -- 19 Metallic Additives in Soot Formation and Post-Oxidation -- 20
Critical Temperatures of Soot Formation -- 21 Soot Formation in Partially Premixed Diffusion Flames at Atmospheric Pressure -- 22 Experimental Study on the Influence of Pressure on Soot Formation in a Shock Tube -- 23 Soot Formation
from Hydrocarbons in a Plug Flow Reactor: Influence of Temperature -- 24 Soot Formation and Oxidation in Diesel Engines -- 25 General Discussion to Part IV -- V Models for Soot Formation in Laminar Flames -- 26 Soot Deposition from
Ethylene/Air Flames and the Role of Aromatic Intermediates -- 27 Simplified Soot Nucleation and Surface Growth Steps for Non-Premixed Flames -- 28 Successes and Uncertainties in Modelling Soot Formation in Laminar, Premixed Flames --
29 Comparison of the Ionic Mechanism of Soot Formation with a Free Radical Mechanism -- 30 The Role of Biaryl Reactions in PAH and Soot Formation -- VI Models for Soot Formation in Turbulent Flames -- 31 Application of a Soot Model to
a Turbulent Ethylene Diffusion Flame -- 32 Model of Soot Formation: Coupling of Turbulence and Soot Chemistry -- 33 Modelling Soot Formation for Turbulent Flame Prediction -- 34 General Discussion to Part VI -- VII Final Discussion and
Perspectives -- 35 Mechanisms and Models of Soot Formation: Final Discussion and Perspectives -- Index of contributors
ISBN:9783642851674
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics: 59
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9789401121224:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biomonitoring of Trace Aquatic Contaminants
Author(s): David J. H Phillips
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (371 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2122-4
Contents:1 Definitions and Scope -- 2 The Green Revolution -- 3 Aquatic Contaminants of Concern -- 4 The Early Use of Biomonitors -- 5 The Biomonitoring of Trace Metals and Radionuclides -- 6 The Biomonitoring of Organochlorines and
Hydrocarbons -- 7 Monitoring Trace Contaminants in Freshwater Ecosystems -- 8 The Development of De Novo Biomonitoring Programmes for Trace Contaminants -- 9 Monitoring the Effects of Contaminants -- 10 The Present Status and the
Future -- References -- Author Index -- Species Index
ISBN:9789401121224
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Management Series : 37
Keywords: Environment , Environment , Environmental Monitoring/Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9789401116527:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Magnetic Shieldings and Molecular Structure
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (584 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1652-7
Contents:Invited Lectures -- An Overview of Nuclear Shielding Calculations -- Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Chemical Shift Tensors of Pnictides and Fluorophosphates -- Solid State NMR Chemical Shifts of Chalcogenides and
Phosphides -- Intra- and Intermolecular Electrical Effects on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance and Infra-Red Spectroscopic Parameters from Ab Initio Calculation and Experiment: From CO to Proteins -- The Nuclear
Shielding Surface: The Shielding as a Function of Molecular Geometry and Intermolecular Separation -- Ab-Initio Calculation and Analysis of Nuclear Magnetic Shielding Tensors: the LORG and SOLO Approaches -- The IGLO Method. Recent
Developments -- Electronic Current Density Induced by Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Moments in Molecules -- Shielding Tensor Data and Structure: The Bond-Related Chemical Shift Concept -- Investigation of Structural Phase Transitions in
Oxide Materials Using High-Resolution NMR Spectroscopy -- A Model Study of Chemical Shielding in a Partially Hydrated Dipeptide -- Efficient Implementation of the GIAO Method for Magnetic Properties: Theory and Application --
Electronic Mechanisms of Metal Chemical Shifts from Ab Initio Theory -- Applications of NMR Shielding Constant Calculations in Mineralogy and Geochemistry -- Applications of Dipolar NMR Spectroscopy in Characterizing Nitrogen and
Phosphorus Shielding Tensors -- Comparisons of Shielding Anisotropies for Different Nuclei and Other Insights into Shielding from an Experimentalist’s Viewpoint -- An Origin-independent Theory for Calculation of NMR Shielding Constants
-- Correlated and Gauge Invariant Calculations of Nuclear Shielding Constants -- Carbon-13 Chemical Shielding Tensors in Sugars: Sucrose and Methyl-?-D-glucopyranoside -- IGLO Calculations of 29Si NMR Chemical Shift Anisotropies in
Silicate Models -- Effects of Isotopic Substitution and Temperature on Nuclear Magnetic Shielding -- The Role of NMR Shifts in Structural Studies of Glasses, Ceramics and Minerals -- The Influence of Structure and Geometry on the 31P,
29Si, 13C and 1H Chemical Shifts -- Nitrogen shielding tensors -- 1H and 13C Solid-State NMR Studies of Catalytic Reactions on Molecular Sieves -- Theoretical Study of Chemical Shielding in Silatrane and its Derivatives -- Ab Initio
IGLO Studies of the Conformational Dependence of the ?-Effect in the 13C NMR Spectra of Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- Gas Phase Measurement and Ab Initio Calculations of 77Se and 113Cd Chemical Shifts -- Overview and Directions for the Future
-- Abstracts of Poster Presentations
ISBN:9789401116527
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 386
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642849336:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface Science Principles and Applications
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (301 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-84933-6
Contents:I Surface Science Techniques -- Scanning Tunneling Microscopy on Clean and Adsorbate-Covered Semiconductor and Metal Surfaces -- Photoelectron Holography: A Status Report -- Studies of Surface Composition and Structure Using
Low-Energy Ion Scattering and SIMS -- Heavy-Ion Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry -- Auger Photoelectron Coincidence Spectroscopy of Transition Metals -- Second-Harmonic Generation Applied to the Formation of Ultrathin Organic
Films on Inorganic Substrates -- II Metal Surfaces -- Restructuring at Surfaces -- The Role of Kinetic Effects in the Growth of Pt on Pt(111) -- Vibrational Spectroscopy of Alloy Surfaces and Adsorbate-Covered Metal Surfaces -- Surface
Barrier States and Resonances of Metals -- III Semiconductor Surfaces -- Cleavage Processes and Steps in Semiconductors -- The Alkali Metal Induced Oxidation of Si(100) Surfaces -- Similarities Between Crystalline Silicon Surfaces and
Amorphous Silicon Films -- The Clean and Hydrogen-Terminated (100) and (111) Surfaces of Diamond and Silicon -- IV Thin Films -- Formation of Zinc Oxide Thin Films by the Thermal Decomposition of Zinc Acetate -- Surface Analysis of
Pigments and Stressed Polymer Films Using X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy -- V Catalysts -- Model Catalysts: The Local Properties of Specific Surface Sites -- Adsorption and Reaction of Small Molecules on Oxide Surfaces -- Surface
Science in Three Dimensions: Zeolites as Model Catalysts -- On the Role of Aromaticity in Bonding Hydrocarbons to Metal Surfaces -- Investigation of Catalyst Systems by Means of Low-Energy Ion Scattering -- Surface Analysis of
Catalysts by Electron Spectroscopy and Ion Scattering Spectroscopy -- Supported Copper Catalysts: Surface Studies and Catalytic Performance -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642849336
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 73
Keywords: Materials science , Physical chemistry , Industrial engineering , Materials , Thin films , Materials Science , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry , Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642778940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Molecular Orbital Calculations Using Chemical Graph Theory
Author(s): Jerry Ray Dias
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (115 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-77894-0
Contents:1. Small Conjugated Polyenes -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Hückel Molecular Orbital Calculations -- 1.3 Graph Theoretical Terminology -- 1.4 Determining Characteristic Polynomials -- 1.5 Determining Select Eigenvalues by Embedding -- 1.6
Eigenvectors -- 1.7 References -- 1.8 Problems -- 2. Decomposition of Molecules with n-Fold Symmetry -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Decomposition of Molecules with 2-Fold Symmetry -- 2.3 Molecules with n-Fold Symmetry -- 2.4 References --
2.5 Problems -- 3. Heterocyclic and Organometallic Molecules -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Heterocyclic and Related Molecules -- 3.3 Characteristic Polynomials of ?-Hydrocarbon-Iron Tricarbonyl Complexes -- 3.4 References -- 3.5 Problems
-- 4. Large Conjugated Polyenes -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Molecular Orbital Solution of Buckminsterfullerene -- 4.3 MO Solution of 3-Fold Coronene Derivatives -- 4.4 Embedding of Benzenoid Hydrocarbons -- 4.5 References -- 4.6
Problems -- Appendix A. BASIC Program for Finding the Real Roots of a Monic Polynomial -- Compound Index -- General Index
ISBN:9783642778940
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Science , Organic chemistry , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Graph theory , Mathematics , Graph Theory , Organic Chemistry , Science, general , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401126045:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Zeolite Microporous Solids: Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2604-5
Contents:I. Synthesis -- Some thermodynamic and kinetic effects related to zeolite crystallization -- Organic and inorganic agents in the synthesis of molecular sieves -- Non-conventional crystalline microporous solids -- Molecular engineering
of lamellar solids. I. Principles derived from the pillaring of smectite clays -- Molecular engineering of layered structures II. Synthetic approaches to some new pillared derivatives -- II. Characterization -- General overview of the
characterization of zeolites -- Sorption of single gases and their binary mixtures in zeolites -- Frequency-response measurements of diffusion of sorbates in zeolites -- Diffraction Studies of zeolites -- Spectroscopic investigations
of zeolite properties -- The impact of NMR spectroscopy in molecular sieve characterization I. Low Si/Al ratio materials -- The impact of NMR spectroscopy in molecular sieve characterization II. Investigations of highly siliceous
systems -- III. Modification, Reactivity, and Catalytic Activity -- Modification of zeolites and new routes to ion-exchange -- Zeolite framework substitution reliable characterization methods -- Evaluation and tailoring of acid-base
properties of zeolites Part 1 -- Evaluation and tailoring of acid-base properties of zeolites Part 2 -- Catalysis by exchanged cations and zeolite framework sites -- Zeolites in oil refining and petrochemistry -- Composition of the
carbonaceous compounds responsible for zeolite deactivation. Modes of formation -- Deactivation of zeolites by coking. Prevention of deactivation and regeneration -- IV. Novel Developments and Vistas -- Molecular sieves with pore
openings consisting of more than 12-T atoms -- Chemical bonding in zeolites -- Some aspects of molecular shape-selective catalysis with hydrocarbons in zeolites -- New applications of nonclassical molecular sieve catalysts -- Enzyme
mimicking with zeolites -- Microporous materials in organic synthesis -- Concluding Remarks -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789401126045
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 352
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Catalysis , Materials science , Chemistry , Catalysis , Physical Chemistry , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Inorganic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401124669:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energetics of Organometallic Species
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (442 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2466-9
Contents:1. Historical Perspective of Organometallic Thermochemistry -- 2. Combustion Calorimetry of Organometallic Compounds -- 3. Organo-f-Element Thermochemistry. Implications for Reactivity and Bonding from Metal-Ligand Bonding Energetics
-- 4. The Role of Bond Energies in Hydrocarbon Activation by Transition Metal Centers -- 5. Rh-C Bond Dissociation Enthalpies for Organometallic Derivatives of Rhodium Porphyrins -- 6. Solution Thermochemistry of Organometallic
Compounds Using Photoacoustic Calorimetry: Enthalpies of Ligand Exchange, Metal-Ligand Bonds, and Metal-Solvent Interactions -- 7. Electrochemistry of Some Organic and Organometallic Radicals and their Application in Thermochemical
Cycles -- 8. Derivative Cyclic Voltammetry: Applications in the Investigation of the Energetics of Organometallic Electrode Reactions -- 9. The Use of Calorimetric and Sublimation Techniques to Study Bond Properties in Organometallic
Compounds -- 10. Estimating Enthalpies of Sublimation of Hydrocarbons -- 11. Derivation of Thermodynamic Quantities from Kinetic Measurements in Gas Phase Silane Chemistry -- 12. Bond Enthalpy Transferability - is it Achievable? -- 13.
Estimates of Thermochemical Data for Organometallic Compounds -- 14. Bonding and Solvation Energetics for Organometallic Gas-Phase Molecules and Ions: Experimental Approaches and Thermodynamic Insights -- 15. Gas-Phase Acidities of
Transition-Metal Carbonyl and Trifluorophosphine Hydrides -- 16. Bond Strengths in Transition Metal Carbonyl Anions -- 17. Fundamental Gas Phase Studies of the Mechanism and Thermochemistry of Organometallic Reactions -- 18. Guided Ion
Beam Studies of the Energetics of Organometallic Species -- 19. A Guide to Density Functional Theory and Its Practical Applications to the Energetics of Organometallic Species -- 20. Theoretical Models for Organometallic Reactions --
List of Posters and Contributed Oral Presentations -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789401124669
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 367
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Organometallic chemistry , Chemical engineering , Chemistry , Organometallic Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781489923141:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microscopic Simulations of Complex Hydrodynamic Phenomena
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (438 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-2314-1
Contents:I. Introduction -- From Fluid Particles to Physical Particles: Computing Hydrodynamics -- From Global, à la Kolmogorov 1941, Scaling to Local Multifractal Scaling in Fully Developed Turbulence -- II. Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics
-- Theoretical Foundation and Rheological Application of Non-equilibrium Molecular Dynamics -- Nonequilibrium Molecular Dynamics at Livermore and Los Alamos -- Shock Waves and Spallation by Molecular Dynamics -- Molecular Dynamic Study
of Density Fluctuation in a Non-Equilibrium System -- Temporal Periodicity in Microscopic Simulation of Rayleigh-Bénard Convection -- NEMD Simulations and the Rheology of Liquid Hydrocarbons -- Molecular Dynamics Simulations of
Shock-Induced Chemistry: Application to Chemically Sustained Shock Waves -- III. Lattice Gases -- Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of High Reynolds Number Fluid Flow in Two Dimensions -- New Types of Diffusion in Lattice Gas Cellular
Automata -- Statistical Mechanics and Kinetic Theory of Lattice Gas Cellular Automata -- A Mean Field Theory for Biased Lattice Gas Models -- Fluid Dynamical Limits of Discrete Kinetic Theories -- The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: Theory
and Application -- Study of Diffusion in Lattice-Gas Fluids and Colloids -- Simple Models of Complex Fluids -- IV. Other Simulation Methods -- A Contemporary Implementation of the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Method -- Brownian and
Stokesian Dynamics -- Round Table Discussions (I): Issues in Hydrodynamic Simulations -- V. Chaos, Turbulence and Irreversibility -- Lyapunov Exponents and Bulk Transport Coefficients -- Dynamical Chaos Underlying Diffusion in the
Lorentz Gas -- Generalized Gaussian Dynamics, Phase-Space Reduction and Irreversibility: A Comment -- Round Table Discussions (II): Irreversibility and Lyapunov Spectra -- VI. Related Topics -- Statistical Fracture Mechanics --
Computational Statistical Mechanics of Tethered Membranes -- Granular Flow at Low Shear Rates -- Three-Dimensional Simulations of Plastic Flow in Crystals -- VII. Recollections -- Concluding Remarks: The Long-Time Tails Story --
Participants
ISBN:9781489923141
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 292
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789400906952:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry in Space
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (448 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0695-2
Contents:Nuclear Processes -- Chemical Enrichment of the Interstellar Medium -- A Brief Introduction to the Cosmic Radiation -- Molecules and Dust in Interstellar and Circumstellar Environments -- Interstellar Chemistry -- The Molecular
Composition of Dense Interstellar Clouds -- Molecular Clouds in Regions of Massive Star Formation -- Circumstellar Chemistry -- The Chemistry of Supernova 1987A -- Small Grains and Large Aromatic Molecules -- Physical Chemical and
Optical Interactions with Interstellar Dust -- Physical and Chemical Effects Induced by Fast Ions in Ices of Astrophysical Interest -- Chemical Analyses with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) -- Solar System -- Chemistry in the
Solar Nebula -- The Volatile Composition of Comets Deduced from Ultraviolet Spectroscopy -- From Interstellar Dust to Comets to Comet Dust: A Test of the Interstellar Dust Model of Comets -- Feature of Experimental Studying of Comet
Halley Dust Particles Elemental Composition -- Chemical Composition of Halley’s Dust Component of the Puma-2 Data -- Contributed papers -- Heavy Metal Abundances in Nova Ejecta Revealed by Infrared Coronal Emission Lines -- Impulsive
Model of Collisions -- Adiabatic Approximations for Molecules in Magnetic Fields -- The Calculation of Ro-vibrational Molecular Spectra from First Principles -- Irradiation Parameters in Cosmic Chemistry -- Cosmic Ray Induced Photons:
Are They Really Important? -- Ion-Molecule Reactions at Dense Interstellar Cloud Temperatures: The CRESUS Apparatus -- Interstellar H2S: Probe of Grain Surface Chemistry -- Results of a Galactic Survey for the Ring Molecule
Cyclopropenylidene (C3H2) -- Possible Assignment of the 11.3 ?m UIR Feature to Emission from Soot-like Microparticles with Internal Hydrogens -- Spectroscopic Studies of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) and PAH Mixtures in the
Infrared and Visible -- Very Small Particles in The Interstellar Medium -- The Effect of the Choice of the Grain Model on the H2 Production by Cosmic Rays in Dense Clouds -- Chemical Enrichment of the Halo by Dust Expulsion --
Astromacromolecules: Formation of Very Large Molecules in Interstellar Space -- Small-size Dust Particles Near Halley’s Comet -- The Possibility of the Formation of Layer Silicates in Halley’s Comet Nucleus -- Index of Chemical Species
ISBN:9789400906952
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C:Mathematical and Physical Sciences - Vol.323: 323
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400906617:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dusty Objects in the Universe Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte (OAC 4), Held at Capri, Italy, September 8–13, 1989
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (300 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0661-7
Contents:Proceedings -- Carbonaceous Solid Materials: From Laboratory to Space -- Chemical Alterations in Ion Irradiated Frozen Hydrocarbons -- Investigation of Cosmic Dusts Using Synchrotron Radiation -- The Particles Around Mass-Losing
Carbon Stars -- The Infrared Interstellar Emission Features -- Quenced Carbonaceous Composite (QCC): Thermal Alteration of QCC and PAHs -- Mineral Grains in Interstellar Space -- Novel Ion Chemistry of Interstellar Polycyclic Aromatic
Hydrocarbons -- Astrophysical Implications of the Infrared Spectrum of Coronene at Elevated Temperatures -- The 3.3 Micrometer Feature: The Large Scale Galactic Emission -- Search for the UV and IR Spectra of C6 0 in
Laboratory-Produced Carbon Dust -- Circumstellar Dust Envelopes of M Giant Stars -- Interstellar Planetesimals -- The Anatomy of Dense Molecular Clouds -- S O F I A — A Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy -- Observations
of the Cold Dust and Gas in Centaurus A: Probing an Extragalactic ISM -- Interaction of Dust Particles with Electrons and Ions -- Are Spiral Galaxies Optically Thick? -- On the Possible Interaction between Magnetic Field and HII Region
in AB Aur -- A Model of the Cometary Dust Trails Detected by IRAS -- The Dust Tail of Comet Bradfield 1987XXIX -- The Dust Properties of High-Mass Star-Forming Regions -- On the Energetic Component of FU Ori Wind -- Models for Infrared
Emission from Galaxies -- Elliptical Galaxies with Dust Lanes -- Observational Cosmology in the Near Infra-Red -- Intracluster Extinction of Light from Galaxies in Virgo -- Axially Symmetric Radiative Transfer Models of Low Mass
Protostars -- The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) -- Modulation at 10 µm with Array Detectors? -- Posters -- Near-Infrared Spectra of the Extended Young Objects GL 2591 and NGC 7538/IRS9 -- The 3.3 µm Feature, H2, and Ionized Gas in
the Orion Bar -- The Extended 3.3 µm Emission Feature in the Orion’s Cloud -- Extragalactic Extinction: The Optical Data for the Early-Type Galaxy NGC 2534 -- Possible Existence of Dust in Nearby Galaxy Group
ISBN:9789400906617
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 165
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468458503:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Genetic Toxicology of Complex Mixtures
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (384 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5850-3
Contents:Development and Application of New Methodologies Applicable to Research on Complex Environmental Mixtures -- Complex Mixtures of Genotoxicants in Air -- Identification of Genotoxic Agents in Complex Mixtures of Air Pollutants -- Human
Exposure to Airborne Mutagens Indoors and Outdoors Using Mutagenesis and Chemical Analysis Methods -- Genetic Toxicology of Airborne Particulate Matter Using Cytogenetic Assays and Microbial Mutagenicity Assays -- Indoor and Outdoor
Sources of Airborne Mutagens in Nonurban Areas -- Characterization of Mutagen Sources in Urban Particulate Matter in Gothenburg, Sweden -- Assessment of the Mutagenicity of Volatile Organic Air Pollutants Before and After Atmospheric
Transformation -- Carcinogenicity of Complex Mixtures in Air Using In Vitro and In Vivo Assays -- Contribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Other Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds to the Carcinogenicity of Combustion Sources and
Air Pollution -- Old and New Carcinogens -- Experimental and Epidemiologic Applications to Cancer Risk Assessment of Complex Mixtures -- Mutagenicity, Carcinogenicity, and Human Cancer Risk from Indoor Exposure to Coal and Wood
Combustion in Xuan Wei, China -- The Role of Nitroarenes in the Mutagenicity of Airborne Particles Indoors and Outdoors -- Complex Mixtures of Genotoxicants in Waters -- Characterization of Mutagenic Compounds Formed During
Disinfection of Drinking Water -- Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Properties of Chlorinated Furanones: Important By-products of Water Chlorination -- Assessment and Identification of Genotoxic Compounds in Water -- Methods to Measure
Genotoxins in Wastewater: Evaluation with In Vivo and In Vitro Tests -- Detection of Genotoxicity in Chlorinated or Ozonated Drinking Water Using an Amphibian Micronucleus Test -- Exposure/Effects Assessment -- The Significance of
Mutagenicity as a Criterion in Ecotoxicological Evaluations -- DNA Adducts and Related Biomarkers in Assessing the Risk of Complex Mixtures -- Immunological Methods for the Detection of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-DNA and Protein
Adducts -- 32P-Postlabeling DNA Adduct Assay: Cigarette Smoke-induced DNA Adducts in the Respiratory and Nonrespiratory Rat Tissues -- Postlabeling Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon: DNA Adducts in White Blood Cells of
Foundry Workers -- Protein Adducts as Biomarkers for Chemical Carcinogens -- Evaluation of DNA Binding In Vivo for Low-Dose Extrapolation in Chemical Carcinogenesis -- Cancer Risks Due to Occupational Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic
Hydrocarbons: A Preliminary Report -- Future Directions in Research on the Genetic Toxicology of Complex Mixtures
ISBN:9781468458503
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 39
Keywords: Medicine , Human genetics , Pharmacology , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Biomedicine , Pharmacology/Toxicology , Human Genetics , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468457872:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Guidelines for Mastering the Properties of Molecular Sieves Relationship between the Physicochemical Properties of Zeolitic Systems and Their Low Dimensionality
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (438 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5787-2
Contents:Orientation of Chemical Properties by Direct Synthesis of Molecular Sieves -- Effects of substitution in SAPO-n frameworks on their properties as acid catalysts -- Zeolite synthesis and crystal tailoring -- New mobilizing and
templating agents in the synthesis of crystalline microporous solids -- A 13C- and 129Xe- NMR study of the role of the tetraalkylammonium cations in the synthesis of high-silica zeolites -- Promoter effects on phase growth in
aluminophosphate and silicalumino-phosphate gel systems -- Characterisation of Structural and Physicochemical Properties of Zeolitic Systems -- Recent advances in techniques for characterizing zeolite structures -- Recent progress in
the understanding of chemical properties of zeolites -- The determination of (Si, Al) distribution in zeolites -- Solid state ion exchange-Phenomenon and mechanism -- Static and Dynamic Parameters in Adsorption and Catalysis in
Zeolites -- Temperature dependence of the mobility of molecules sorbed in type A zeolites -- NMR-studies of molecular motion of hydrocarbons in different faujasites -- Zeolitic heteropolyoxometalates -- Localized and Overall Properties
Related to the Nature and Structural Organization of the Framework Atoms -- On lattice dynamics, stability and acidity of zeolites -- Confinement effects in sorption and catalysis by zeolites -- Cooperative and localised effects in
catalysis over zeolites -- Long range versus short range interactions in zeolites -- Acid function in zeolites: recent progress -- Directing activity and selectivity of large pore acid zeolites through the control of their
physicochemical properties -- Orientation of the Path of Reactions (Catalysis, Adsorption) By Chemical or other Geometric or Non Geometric Effects -- Is the shape selectivity always responsible for the orientation of, the reaction path
in zeolite catalysis? -- Factors influencing the selectivity of hydrocracking in zeolites -- Hydroisomerization and hydrocracking of alkanes. 6. Influence of the pore structure on the selectivity of Pt-zeolite -- The structural
elements of faujasite and their impact on cracking selectivity -- Overview of the Workshop -- Relationship between the physicochemical properties of zeolitic systems and their low dimensionality -- Discussion Reports -- Orientations of
Chemical Properties by direct synthesis of molecular sieves -- Characterisation of structural and physico-chemical properties of zeolitic systems -- Static and dynamic parameters in adsorption and catalysis in zeolites -- Localized and
overall properties related to the nature and the structural organization of the framework atoms -- Orientation of the path of reactions (catalysis, adsorption) by chemical or other geometric or non geometric effects -- Participants
ISBN:9781468457872
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 221
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Atoms , Physics , Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461538004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nitroarenes Occurrence, Metabolism, and Biological Impact
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (333 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3800-4
Contents:Epidemiology and Carcinogenesis -- Evidence from Animal Studies for the Carcinogenicity of Inhaled Diesel Exhaust -- Interpretation of Carcinogenicity and Effective Dose in Chronic Exposures of Rats to High Diesel Exhaust
Concentrations -- Carcinogenicity of Dinitroarenes in Rat Lung -- In Vivo Metabolism and Genotoxic Effects of the Air Pollutant and Marker for Nitro-PAH’s, 2-Nitrofluorene -- Chemistry, Detection, and Occurrence -- Nitroarenes: Their
Detection, Mutagenicity and Occurrence in the Environment -- The Atmospheric Formation of Nitroarenes and Their Occurrence in Ambient Air -- Metabolism of 1-Nitropyrene Oxides and Effect of Nitrogen Dioxide on Arene Activation --
Molecular Mechanisms -- Mutagenic and Biochemical Consequences of the Reaction of Arylamines with DNA -- Mutagenesis Induced by a Single Acetylaminofluorene Adduct within the Narl Site is Position Dependent -- Unusual Hydrogen Bonding
Patterns in 2-Aminofluorene (AF) and 2-Acetylaminofluorene (AAF) Modified DNA -- DNA Adduct Formation during Chronic Administration of an Aromatic Amine -- Aerial Oxidation of Acetylaminofluorene-Derived DNA Adducts -- Mutations and
Homologous Recombination Induced by N-Substituted Aryl Compounds in Mammalian Cells -- Comparison of the Mutagenic Potency of DNA Adducts Formed by Reactive Derivatives of Aflatoxin, Benzidine and 1-Nitropyrene in a Plasmid System --
Mutations Induced in the lacI Gene of E. coli by 1-Nitroso-8-Nitropyrene and Furylfuramide: The Influence of Plasmid pKM101 and Excision Repair on the Mutational Spectrum -- DNA Adduct Formation by 1-Nitropyrene 4,5- and 9,10-Oxide --
Nitropolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Diesel Exhaust: Potential Role of DNA Binding in Carcinogenicity -- Validation/Application of 32?-Postlabeling Analysis for the Detection of DNA Adducts Resulting from Complex Air Pollution
Sources Containing PAHs and Nitrated PAHs -- Analysis of NO2-PAH DNA Adducts by Mass Spectrometry -- Metabolism -- Generation of Reactive Intermediates from 2-Nitrofluorene that Bind Covalently to DNA, RNA and Protein In Vitro and In
Vivo in the Rat -- Activation of Carcinogenic N-Arylhydroxamic Acids by Peroxidase/H2O2/Halide Systems: Route to C-Nitroso Aromatics -- Biochemical Studies on the Putative Nitroso Metabolite of Chloramphenicol: A New Model for the
Cause of Aplastic Anemia -- Mechanisms of FANFT/ANFT Induced Bladder Cancer -- Mutagenic Arylazides, Arylnitrenes, Arylnitrenium Ions -- Products Obtained by In Vitro Reaction of 4,5-Epoxy4,5-Dihydro-1-Nitropyrene with DNA -- Oxidative
Metabolism of Nitrated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mammalian Cell Fractions -- Metabolic Activation of 6-Nitrochrysene and 6-Aminochrysene In Vitro and In Vivo -- Summary -- The Possible Role of Nitroarenes in Human Cancer --
Abstracts Presented at the Meeting -- Contributor Index
ISBN:9781461538004
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 40
Keywords: Life sciences , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783540461876:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics and Chemistry of Interstellar Molecular Clouds: mm and Sub-mm Observations in Astrophysics Proceedings of a Symposium Held at Zermatt, Switzerland, 22–25 September 1988 to Commemorate the 600th Anniversary of the University of Cologne and the 20th Anniversary of the Gornergrat Observatory
Author(s): G Winnewisser
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (463 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0119439
Contents:Some historical remarks -- Molecular lines: Past, present, future -- Galactic molecular surveys: The role of small telescopes -- Mass calibration of CO surveys: New insight from IRAS -- IRAS view at nearby molecular clouds -- Physical
conditions in dark clouds -- High latitude molecular clouds and the IR cirrus -- Physical conditions in molecular clouds: Sub-mm and far-IR co observations -- The physical structure of star forming regions -- Circumstellar envelopes --
Molecular line surveys -- The structure and kinematics of molecular clouds from large scale mapping of millimeter lines -- The population and distribution of massive stars embedded in galactic molecular clouds -- Magnetic fields in
interstellar water masers -- IRAS sources beyond the solar circle -- The prevalence of neutral gas in massive post-main-sequence nebulae -- Detection of far-infrared 13Co line emission -- Deuterated water in hot cores -- Metsähovi
MM-wave observations of interstellar clouds and SiO masers -- Star formation in bright-rimmed globules: Evidence for radiation-driven implosion -- Co observations in the direction of supernova remnants -- Dense cores associated with
diffuse, high-latitude molecular clouds -- First results from observations of southern star forming regions with the swedish ESO submillimetre telescope -- Methyl cyanide (CH3CN) in molecular cloud cores -- CO Observations of 2nd
quadrant IRAS Sources -- Dust temperature estimations for dark clouds in the taurus region deduced from correlations between 13CO line and 100 ?m infrared emission -- Optically thick 13CO emission from the orion GMC -- Detection of 53
new 86 GHz SiO masers associated with IRAS point sources -- The largest molecular cloud complexes in the southern milky way -- Molecular outflows -- Optical emission-line jets in star formation regions -- The galactic center—A larger
scale view -- The nearby cassiopeia and cepheus molecular clouds and the existence of a close supernova remnant -- H2 2.12 ?m spectroscopy and imaging of HH objects -- Sulfur oxides in ? ophiuchi cloud cores: Symptoms of star
formation? -- Measurement of the magnetic field in the molecular cloud B1 -- Iraso6277+7125: An atomic and molecular outflow source in the galactic cirrus? -- The morphology of the bipolar outflow in L1551 -- CO outflow and global
properties of the high latitude cloud L1642 -- Dust and gas in a high latitude cloud interacting with high velocity clouds -- Recent observations of the molecular outflow source L1551 IRS5 -- The structure of the molecular outflow
associated with HH7-11 -- The starforming dark cloud ? cha I: Sest* co observations -- On fragmentation of dark clouds -- CO in the dark clouds north of the California nebula NGC 1499 -- A CO survey of the giant molecular cloud complex
toward Cas A -- A complete CO map of the nearest molecular cloud, L1457 -- A survey of dark clouds near L1495 -- Observations of H2 18O at 547 GHz with the Kuiper Airborne Observatory -- G159.6-18.5: A possible high galactic latitude
supernova remnant -- Proper motions of the oh masers in W3(OH) -- The embedded objects in ? cha I cloud -- Submillimeter spectroscopy of the very dense gas in star formation regions -- CO survey of faint IRAS point sources --
Far-infrared spectroscopy of bipolar flows -- A complete co survey of the large magellanic cloud -- The molecular content of galaxies -- On the far-IR and sub-MM spectra of spiral galaxies -- [CII] line emission from spiral galaxies --
A 12Co survey of the small magellanic cloud -- MM observations of the magellanic clouds and of a few galactic molecular clouds -- Giant molecular cloud complexes in irregular galaxies -- Fine structure F.I.R. lines: A tool to
investigate the circumstellar envelope of some young stars -- Molecular cloud evolution and star formation -- Magnetic fields in molecular clouds: Regulators of star formation -- On the interaction between a hypersonic jet and the
interstellar medium -- A non-local model of line emission from molecular clouds -- Diffuse reflected light from high latitude dust clouds -- Laboratory spectroscopy: The rotation-torsion spectrum of carbodiimide, HNCNH -- Molecular
abundances in the dense interstellar and circumstellar clouds -- Formation of molecules in the gas phase -- Formation of molecules on grain surfaces -- Circumstellar chemistry -- Chemical models of hot molecular cores -- Cosmic ray
induced photodestruction of interstellar molecules -- Ab initio calculations on molecules of astrochemical interest -- Microdynamics of adsorbed polyaromatic hydrocarbons on small graphite particles -- A non-circumstellar origin of the
hump -- Chemical pathways from atomic silicon ions to compounds of silicon -- Focal plane imaging array for astronomical spectroscopy at 3MM wavelength -- The U.C. Berkeley infrared spatial interferometer: Instrumentation and first
results -- The Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope -- The 10 m submillimeter telescope (SMT) -- The KOSMA observatory -- Optimizing the use of telescope time -- The cologne 3m radio telescope: Its associated electronics and operation
-- The stratospheric observatory for infrared astronomy—A 3m class airborne telescope -- The receivers of the University of Cologne 3 m radio telescope -- Highly precise reflectors and mirror in fibre-composite technology -- The status
of the IRAM telescopes -- The cologne acousto-optical spectrometers -- Measurements of CO in the terrestrial mesosphere
ISBN:9783540461876
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 331
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geophysics/Geodesy , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400929135:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tropospheric Ozone Regional and Global Scale Interactions
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (425 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2913-5
Contents:I Presentations -- Tropospheric Ozone: An Overview -- Transport of Pollutants on Different Scales in the Troposhere -- Ozone on an Urban and Regional Scale-With Special Reference to the Situation in the Netherlands -- Ozone
Measurements in Historic Perspective -- Large Scale Distributions of O3, CO and CH4 in the Troposphere from Scientific Aircraft Measurements (Stratoz III) -- Ozone Changes at the Surface and in the Free Troposphere -- Tropospheric
Ozone Lidar Measurements -- Tropospheric Ozone from Satellite Total Ozone Measurements -- Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange of Ozone -- Measurements of Ozone at Two Background Stations in Finland -- Ozone-Climate Interactions
Associated with Increasing Atmospheric Trace Gases -- Ozone Effects on Vegetation -- The Measurement of NOx in the Non-Urban Troposphere -- NOx Sources and the Tropospheric Distribution of NOx during Stratoz III -- Calculation of the
Distribution of NOx Compounds in Europe -- Atmospheric Chemistry of NOx and Hydrocarbons Influencing Tropospheric Ozone -- Ozone Production in the Black Forest: Direct Measurements of RO2, NOx and Other Relevant Parameters -- Model
Studies of Background Ozone Formation -- Global Transport of Ozone -- The Ozone Problem in Rural Areas of the United States -- A Program of Tropospheric Ozone Research (TOR) -- The Aeroce Project -- Sampling Mid-Tropospheric Air at
Aeroce Surface Sites -- II Working Group Summaries -- Atmospheric Transport -- NOx in the Troposphere -- The Regional Ozone Problem -- Backgroud Ozone
ISBN:9789400929135
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 227
Keywords: Earth sciences , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783642739026:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VII
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (616 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-73902-6
Contents:1. Activated Chemisorption -- 1.1 A Brief History -- 1.2 Classification of Activated Chemisorption -- 1.2.1 Molecular Structure -- 1.2.2 Electronic Structure of the Gas -- 1.2.3 Electronic Structure of the Solid -- 1.2.4 Atomic
Arrangement of the Solid -- 1.2.5 Strength of Chemisorption Bonding -- 1.2.6 Surprises -- 1.3 Formal Kinetics -- 1.3.1 Concentration Dependence of Chemisorption Rates -- 1.3.2 Temperature Dependencies -- 1.3.3 Angular and Mass
Dependence -- 1.4 Case Studies in Activated Adsorption -- 1.4.1 Methane and Other Alkanes on Metal Surfaces -- 1.4.2 Hydrogen on Copper -- 1.4.3 Hydrogen on Elemental Semiconductors -- 1.4.4 Activated Adsorption on Densely Packed
Planes -- a) Hydrogen and Nitrogen on W{110}, Re{0001}, and Ru{0001} -- b) Hydrogen on Platinum {111} -- c) Hydrogen on Nickel {111} and {110} -- 1.4.5 Slow Chemisorption of Nitrogen -- a) Nitrogen on Platinum Group Metals -- b)
Chemisorption of Nitrogen on Iron -- 1.4.6 A Surprise: Oxygen on W{110} -- 1.5 Summary -- References -- 2. Physisorbed Rare Gas Adlayers -- 2.1 Experimental Techniques -- 2.1.1 General Remarks -- 2.1.2 Probe Particles -- a) Electrons
-- b) Neutrons -- c) X-Ray Photons -- d) Helium Atoms -- 2.2 Solid-Solid Transitions in Two Dimensions -- 2.2.1 Commensurability -- 2.2.2 Fundamentals of the Theory Describing the Commensurate-Incommensurate Transition in 2D -- 2.2.3
The C-I Transition of Monolayer Xe on Pt{111} -- 2.2.4 Can High Order Commensurate Adlayers be Distinguished from Incommensurate Ones? -- i) Thermal expansion -- ii) Commensurate buckling -- iii) Lattice dynamical criterion -- iv)
Bragg peak singularities -- 2.2.5 The I-HOC Phase Transition of Monolayer Kr on Pt{111} -- 2.2.6 Rotational Epitaxy of Monolayers -- 2.3 Multilayer Growth of Rare Gases -- 2.3.1 Dynamical Coupling Between Adlayer and Substrate -- 2.3.2
Layer-by-Layer Evolution of the Lattice Dynamics -- 2.3.3 Growth Mode and the Scale of Substrate Strength -- 2.3.4 Epitaxial Layer Growth of Xe on Pt{111} -- 2.4 Conclusion -- References -- 3. Infrared Spectroscopy of Semiconductor
Surfaces -- 3.1 Theoretical Framework -- 3.1.1 Macroscopic Theory (Three-Layer Model) -- 3.1.2 Microscopic Model of the Active Layer -- 3.1.3 Model for Electronic Absorption -- 3.1.4 Discussion of the Assumption of Sharp Boundaries --
3.1.5 First-Principle Calculations -- 3.2. Experimental Geometries and Techniques -- 3.2.1 Vibrational Modes in Substrate Optical Gap -- 3.2.2 Vibrational Modes in Substrate Absorption Region -- 3.2.3 Experimental Apparatus -- a)
Surface Infrared Spectrometer -- b) Sample Geometry -- c) Other Techniques -- 3.3 Selected Examples -- 3.3.1 Structure of the Si{100}-(2x1)H System -- 3.3.2 H-saturated Si{100} and Ge{100} Surfaces -- 3.3.3 Dynamics of H on Si{100} --
3.3.4 H2O on Si{100} -- 3.3.5 Electronic Absorption of Si{100} and Si{111} -- a) Si{100} -- b) Si{111} -- 3.3.6 Chemistry at Semiconductor Surfaces -- 3.4 Problems and Future Directions -- 3.5 Conclusions -- References -- 4. Surface
Phonons — Theory -- 4.1 Discoveries and Advances -- 4.1.1 Advances in Experimental Studies of Surface Phonons -- 4.1.2 New Computational Methods -- A) Clean Surfaces -- a) Spectral Densities -- b) Surface Phonons and Resonances -- c)
Anharmonic Effects -- d) First Principles Calculations of Surface Phonon Dispersion Curves -- B) Adsorbate Covered Surfaces -- a) A Single Adparticle -- b) A Periodic Array of Adatoms -- 4.2 Surface Phonons on Complex Crystals and
Structures -- 4.2.1 Surface Phonon Anomalies Caused by the Electron-Phonon Interaction -- 4.2.2 Surface Phonon Kohn Anomalies -- 4.2.3 Molecular Crystals -- 4.2.4 Crystal Surfaces with High Miller Indices -- 4.2.5 Reconstructed
Surfaces -- 4.2.6 Amorphous Media -- 4.2.7 An Incommensurate Array of Adatoms -- 4.3 Some Directions for Future Research -- References -- 5. Interpretation of the NEXAFS Spectra of Adsorbates Using Multiple Scattering Calculations --
5.1 Multiple Scattering Calculations of Near Edge Spectra of Molecules -- 5.2 Atomic and Diatomic Adsorbates -- 5.3 Computational Method for Complex Molecules and Clusters -- 5.4 More Complex Adsorbates -- 5.4.1 Ethylene and Ethylidyne
on Pt{111} -- 5.4.2 Benzene on Pt{111} -- 5.4.3 Saturated Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- 5.4.4 Thiophene and Platinum Metallacycle -- 5.5 Conclusions -- References -- 6. Near-Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy: A Probe of Local
Bonding for Organic Gases, Solids, Adsorbates, and Polymers -- 6.1 Development of NEXAFS: An Overview -- 6.2 Experimental Details -- 6.3 Results and Analysis -- 6.3.1 The Signatures of Individual Bonds -- 6.3.2 Assembly of Diatomics to
Functional Groups -- 6.3.3 The Fingerprints of Functional Groups -- 6.3.4 Assembly of Functional Groups to Macromolecules -- 6.3.5 Limitations of the Building Block Approach -- 6.4 Conclusions and Future Prospects -- References -- 7.
Surface Kinetics with Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 7.1 An Overview of Methods for Characterizing Surface Reactions -- 7.2 Transient Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) as a Probe of Surface Reactions --
7.2.1 Soft X-ray Absorption Using Electron Detection -- 7.2.2 CO Desorption from the Pt{111} Surface -- 7.2.3 Pyridine Reorientation of the Ag{111} Surface -- 7.2.4 Ethylene Conversion to Ethylidyne on the Pt{111} Surface -- 7.2.5
Summary: Transient NEXAFS Using Electron Detection -- 7.3 Fluorescence Yield Near-Edge Structure (FYNES) -- in the Soft X-ray Region -- 7.3.1 Apparatus -- 7.3.2 Summary: Soft X-ray Absorption Using Fluorescence Detection -- 7.4 Future
Opportunities -- References -- 8. Overview of Electron Microscopy Studies of the So-Called “Strong Metal-Support Interaction” (SMSI) -- 8.1 Experimental -- 8.2 Results and Discussion -- 8.3 Summary -- References -- 9. Theory of
Desorption Kinetics -- 9.1 Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of a Two-Phase Adsorbate -- 9.1.1 Preliminary Comments -- 9.1.2 General Formulation -- a) Adsorption -- b) Desorption -- c) Two-Dimensional Condensation and Evaporation -- d)
Equilibration of the 2D Gas Phases -- e) Equilibrium Properties -- 9.1.3 Results -- 9.1.4 A Simplified Model -- 9.2 Microscopic Approaches -- 9.3. Outlook -- References -- 10. Fractals in Surface Science: Scattering and Thermodynamics
of Adsorbed Films -- 10.1 Fundamentals of Fractal Geometry -- 10.1.1 Definition 1 -- 10.1.2 Definition 2 -- 10.2 Small-Angle Scattering from Fractal Surfaces -- 10.2.1 Theorem 1 -- 10.2.2 Theorem 2 -- 10.2.3 Theorem 3 -- 10.3
Application: Small-Angle He Scattering from Adsorbate Islands on an Ordered Surface -- 10.4 Scattering from a Diffusing Adsorbate on a Fractal Surface -- 10.5 Henry’s Law of Adsorption on a Fractal Surface -- 10.6 BET Condensation of a
Gas on a Fractal Surface -- 10.7 Bose-Einstein Condensation in Nonintegral Dimensions -- 10.8 Conclusion -- References -- 11. Critical Phenomena of Chemisorbed Atoms and Reconstruction — Revisited -- 11.1 Brief Recap -- 11.2 Results
from Computed Structure Factors -- 11.2.1 General Features -- 11.2.2 Diffraction-Limit Results -- 11.2.3 Energy-Like Limit -- 11.2.4 Melting to an Incommensurate Disordered Phase -- 11.2.5 Critical Behavior at Temperature-Driven
First-Order Transitions -- 11.2.6 Effects of Defects -- 11.3 Experimental Progress Since ISISS-1981 -- 11.3.1 4-State Potts Systems: O/Ru{0001} -- 11.3.2 Ising Systems -- 11.3.3 XY with Cubic Anisotropy -- 11.3.4 Se/Ni{100}:
Realization of the Ashkin-Teller Model? -- 11.4 Conclusions -- References -- 12. Surface Electronic Interactions of Slow Ions and Metastable Atoms -- 12.1 Electron Ejection by Auger Neutralization (AN) and Auger De-excitation (AD) --
12.2 Resonance Tunneling Makes Two-Stage Processes Possible -- 12.3 Matrix Elements, Transition Rates, and Related Probability Functions -- 12.4 Variation of Atomic Energy Levels Near a Solid Surface -- 12.5 Excitation Conversion of
He*(1S) to He*(3S) -- 12.6 What Determines the Ultimate Mode of Electron Ejection? -- 12.7 A Selective Listing of Investigations with Some Comments -- 12.8 Summary -- References -- 13. Equilibrium Crystal Shapes and Interfacial Phase
Transitions -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 The Crystal Shape as a Free Energy -- 13.3 The Wulff Construction as Legendre Transformation -- 13.4 Applications -- 13.4.1 Facets, Cusps, and Roughening -- 13.4.2 Sharp Edges, Thermal Faceting,
and Forbidden Regions of the Wulff Plot -- 13.4.3 T=0 Roughening and the Degeneracy of Corners and Edges -- 13.4.4 The Statistical Mechanics of Crystal Shapes -- 13.4.5 Critical Behavior of the Equilibrium Crystal Shape -- 13.4.6
Calculating the Shapes of Real Crystals -- 13.5 Open Questions -- References -- 14. Experimental Aspects of Surface Roughening -- 14.1 Equilibrium Crystal Shapes and Surface Roughening -- 14.2 The Detection of Steps on Surfaces -- 14.3
Energetics of Step Formation and Surface Diffusion -- 14.4 Diffraction Studies of the Roughening Transition -- 14.5 The Dependence of TR on Crystal Orientation -- 14.6 Conclusions -- References -- 15. Relationship Between Anisotropy of
Specific Surface Free Energy and Surface Reconstruction -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Anisotropics of Specific Surface Free Energy, ?(?) -- 15.2.1 Experiment -- 15.2.2 Theory -- 15.3 Reconstruction of Pt{110} — Surface Self-Diffusion
Measurements -- 15.4 Surface-Atom Core Level Shifts of Pt -- 15.5 Adsorbate-Induced Reconstruction -- 15.6 Reconstruction and Faceting — a Comparison -- References -- 16. Surface Melting -- 16.1 Melting and the Role of the Surface --
16.2 Thermodynamics of Surface Melting -- 16.2.1 Driving Force -- 16.2.2 Which Surfaces Do Melt? -- 16.2.3 Crystal-Face Dependence of Surface Melting -- 16.2.4 Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Phenomenological Theories -- 16.3
Observations of Surface Melting -- 16.3.1 Calorimetry -- 16.3.2 Optical Measurements -- 16.3.3 Rutherford Backscattering of Ions -- a) Shadowing and Blocking -- b) Backscattering from a Melted Surface -- c) Melting
ISBN:9783642739026
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Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 10
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400947764:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Astrophysics
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (402 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4776-4
Contents:Section 1: Introduction -- Objectives of the Workshop -- Photons, Molecules and Solids in Interstellar and Circumstellar Regions: an Introduction for Non-Astronomers -- Section 2: Physics and Chemistry of Graphite, Carbonaceous Grains
and Clusters -- On the Electronic Structure of Graphite -- Various Kinds of Solid Carbon: Structure and Optical Properties -- Gas/Carbonaceous Surface Interactions -- VUV to FIR Laboratory Observations on Submicron Amorphous Carbon
Particles -- Spectroscopy of Matrix-Isolated Carbon Molecules in the UV, VIS, and IR Spectral Range -- Remarkable Periodicities in the Mass Spectra of Carbon Aggregates -- Reactions of Thermal Hydrogen Atoms and Energetic Hydrogen and
Oxygen Ions with Pyrolytic Graphite -- Section 3: Physics and Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Pah’s) -- Photophysics, Electronic Spectroscopy and Relaxation of Molecular Ions and Radicals with Special Reference to
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Fluorescence Lineshapes of Polyatomic Molecules — Spectroscopy without Eigenstates -- Structure and Chemistry of PAH’s -- Synthesis and Spectroscopy of Tribenzo(a, g, m)Coronene, a New, Exceptionally
Stable, Fully Benzenoid PAH -- Hot Carbon Atoms as a Potential Source for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Section 4: Carbonaceous Materials and Astrophysics -- Carbon Components of Interstellar Dust -- Molecular Origin of the 216
nm Interstellar Hump -- Chains and Grains in Interstellar Space -- Mid Infrared Excess and Ultraviolet Extinction -- High Spectral Resolution Observation of the 3.3 ?m Emission Band and Comparison with Laboratory-Synthesized Quenched
Carbonaceous Composite (QCC) -- DISCUSSION I: Carbon in the Interstellar Medium -- Section 5: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Astrophysics -- Identification of PAH’s in Astronomical IR Spectra — Implications -- The IR Emission
Features: Emission from PAH Molecules and Amorphous Carbon Particles -- The Hydrogen Coverage of Interstellar PAH’s -- New Observations of Infrared Astronomical Bands: IRAS-LRS and 3 ?rn Ground-Based Spectra -- Distribution of PAH in
the Galaxy Derived from the IRAS Data -- Infrared Features in Extragalactic Objects -- Very Small Grains in Spiral Galaxies -- IRAS Observations of a “Typical” Dark Cloud -- Coal Tar as a Laboratory Analog of an Interstellar PAH
Mixture -- Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon (a:C-H) in the Planetary Nebula NGC 7027 -- Visual and Infrared Fluorescence from L1780 -- DISCUSSION II: Interpretation of IR Observations -- Section 6: Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- Possible
Carriers of the Diffuse Interstellar Bands -- DISCUSSION III: The Diffuse Interstellar Bands. Are they Carried by PAH’s? -- Section 7: Physics and Chemistry of Pah’s in the Interstellar Medium -- Physics and Chemistry of Interstellar
Polycyclic Aromatic Molecules -- Formation, Destruction and Excitation of Carbon Grains and PAH Molecules -- Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons and the Condensation of Carbon in Stellar Winds
ISBN:9789400947764
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 191
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400939233:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carbon Dioxide as a Source of Carbon Biochemical and Chemical Uses
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (441 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3923-3
Contents:Acknowledgements -- The Carbon Dioxide Problem Mankind Energy Needs and Environmental Pollution -- Industrial Uses of Carbon Dioxide -- Electrochemical Approaches to the Reduction of Carbon Dioxide -- Interactions of CO2 with
Transition-Metal Systems, Including Metal Surfaces -- Photosynthetic Electron Transport: the Source of Electrons for CO2 Reduction in Photosynthesis -- Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase (RuBisCO) (Isolation, Structure,
and Regulation) -- Chlorophyll Function in Plant Photosynthesis and Nonbiological Applications. Isotope Effects in Photoreduction of Carbon Dioxide by Water -- Photo- and Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide -- The Enzyme
Carbonic Anhydrase -- Evolution of Models for the Structural, Spectroscopic, and Catalytic Properties of Carbonic Anhydrase -- C3 Photosynthesis in Algae: the Importance of Inorganic Carbon Concentrating Mechanisms -- Past and Present:
Long Term Changes in Atmospheric CO2 Concentration and Plant Strategies for the Optimisation of Photosynthesis -- Photosynthetic Bacteria -- Carbon Dioxide Reduction by Anaerobic Bacteria -- Stoichiometric Reactions of C-C bond
Formation Promoted by Metal Systems -- Catalytic Reactions of Carbon Dioxide with Hydrocarbons -- Fixation and Activation of Carbon Dioxide with Metalloporphyrin -- Copolymerization of Carbon Dioxide and Epoxide -- Electrochemical
Syntheses of Carboxylic Acids from Carbon Dioxide -- Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as an Extraction Agent -- List of Short Communications presented at the NATO-ASI Summer School -- List of Participants in the NATO-ASI Summer School --
Conclusions -- Specialists Reports and Suggestions for Future Work
ISBN:9789400939233
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 206
Keywords: Life sciences , Organic chemistry , Biochemistry , Plant physiology , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Plant Physiology , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400938915:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Planetary and Proto-Planetary Nebulae: From IRAS to ISO Proceedings of the Frascati Workshop 1986, Vulcano Island, September 8–12, 1986
Author(s): Andrea Preite Martinez
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (302 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3891-5
Contents:Session I. -- Infrared emission from young planetary nebulae -- Advances in knowledge of planetary nebulae from UV astronomy -- Status of the spectroscopic survey of planetary nebulae -- Session II. -- Announcement — “The
Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of galactic planetary nebulae” -- IRAS Additional Observations of planetary nebulae -- Spectroscopy at 8–13pm as a probe of the carbon to oxygen ratio in planetary nebulae -- Session III. -- Protoplanetary
nebulae -- The evolution from Miras to planetary nebulae as derived from observations of Miras and OH/IR stars -- The position of PN nuclei in the H-R diagram: present status -- On the nitrogen and helium enrichment of the interstellar
medium -- Temperatures, luminosities and mass loss rates for PN nuclei -- An outflow model for bipolar planetary nebulae and the case of NGC 6302 -- Session IV. -- Mass loss and the transition of an AGB star to a central star of a
planetary nebula -- Observational constraints to the theory of planetary nebulae evolution -- Session V. -- Rambling along a Schoenberner track: nebular evolution and NLTE stellar atmospheres -- Evolution of hot subdwarfs — an
empirical approach -- Excitation of planetary nebulae and evolution of their central star -- Ionisation and dynamical structure of planetary nebulae -- Formation and structure of nebulae around symbiotic objects based on radio to
x-rays observations (a review) -- Session VI. -- The peculiar planetary nebula NGC 2346 and its nucleus -- NGC 2346. Visible and IR observations of several mass-loss episodes? -- Infrared and optical spectroscopy of the suspected
planetary nebula He 2–77 -- Contribution of nebular emission lines to IRAS photometric survey fluxes -- Infrared characteristics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and the interpretation of IR astronomical spectra -- Near-Infrared
photometry of IRAS planetary nebulae -- The effect of line emission on the IRAS data of planetary nebulae -- Session VII. -- Modeling the thermal emission from dust in planetary nebulae -- Evolution of dust in planetary nebulae --
Observations of the spectrum of the interplanetary dust emission -- Session VIII. -- The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) project -- Final Discussion. -- Index of Subjects -- Index of Astronomical Objects
ISBN:9789400938915
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space Science and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 135
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400945821:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemical Reactions in Organic and Inorganic Constrained Systems
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (452 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4582-1
Contents:Chiral, Size and Shape Recognition of Guests by Modified Cyclodextrin -- 6A6X-Disulfonates of Cyclodextrins -- Attempts to Mimic Enzymes — Report from the Battle Front -- Weak Forces in Mixed Chelate and Macrocyclic Systems --
Zeolites: Their Characteristic Structural Features -- Rhodium and Iridium Carbonyl Complexes Entrapped in Zeolites. Structural and Catalytic Properties -- Shape Selective Alkylation Reactions over Medium-Pore High Silica Zeolites --
Zeolite-Induced Selectivity in the Conversion of the Lower Aliphatic Carboxylic Acids -- Selectivity Induced by the Void Structure of Zeolite-Beta and Ferrierite in the Hydroconversion Reaction of N-Decane -- Coke Formation on Protonic
Zeolites: Rate and Selectivity -- Acid-Catalyzed Reactions for the Characterization of the Porous Structure of Zeolites -- Pillared Clays: Synthesis and Structural Features -- Pillared Montmorillonite and Beidellite. Acidity and
Catalytic Properties -- Intracrystalline Complexation by Crown Ethers and Cryptands in Clay Minerals -- Selectivity Induced by Heterogeneous Conditions in the Alkylation of Anionic Reagent -- The Reactions in Clays and Pillared Clays
-- Preparative Organic Chemistry Using Clays -- Clay Catalyzed Ene-Reactions Synthesis of ?-Lactones -- Photoinduced Charge Separation at Inorganic and Organic Interfaces -- A Comparison of the Forward and Back Photoelectron Transfers
in Direct and Reverse Micelles -- Effect of Microemulsions on Photochemical Reactions -- Energetical and Geometrical Constraints on Adsorption and Reaction Kinetics on Clay Surfaces -- Reactions between Acidic Microemulsions and
Calcium Carbonate -- Photochemical Reactions at the Air-Water Interface Investigated with the Reflection Method -- Geometrical and Electronic Constraints in Redox Intercalation Systems -- Transition Metal Bronzes: Properties and
Reactivity -- Crystalline Silicic Acids -- The Behaviour of Some Alkali Metal Graphite Compounds Towards Sundry Reagents -- Mechanism of the Catalytic Gasification and Reactivity of Graphite -- Reactivity of Hydrocarbons on Contact
with the Solid Superacid: First Stage Antimony Pentafluoride Intercalated Graphite -- An Example of Crystalline Growth in a Constrained Medium: The Intercalation of Metals and Metallic Alloys into Graphite -- Order-Disorder Phenomena
in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Reduction Reactions in Alkali Metal-Intercalated Compounds of Graphite
ISBN:9789400945821
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 165
Keywords: Chemistry , Organic chemistry , Chemistry , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642827273:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VI
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (667 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82727-3
Contents:1. Georg-Maria Schwab: Early Endeavours in the Science of Catalysis -- References -- 2. The Life and Times of Paul H. Emmett -- 3. Three Decades of Catalysis by Metals -- 3.1 Bifunctional Catalysis -- 3.2 Characterization of Dispersed
Metals -- 3.2.1 Chemisorption Isotherms -- 3.2.2 Application of Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 3.2.3 Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance -- 3.3 Hydrocarbon Reactions on Metals -- 3.3.1 Hydrogenolysis -- 3.3.2
Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation -- 3.3.3 Isomerization -- 3.4 Bimetallic Catalysts -- 3.4.1 Metal Alloys as Catalysts -- 3.4.2 Bimetallic Aggregates of Immiscible Components -- 3.4.3 Bimetallic Clusters -- 3.5 Summary -- References
-- 4. Molecular Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis on Metal-Oxide Surfaces -- 4.1 Synthesis -- 4.2 Structure Determination by Physical Methods -- 4.2.1 Infrared Spectroscopy -- 4.2.2 Laser Raman Spectroscopy -- 4.2.3 Inelastic
Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy -- 4.2.4 Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy -- 4.2.5 Ultraviolet-Visible Reflectance Spectroscopy -- 4.2.6 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) -- 4.2.7 Temperature-Programmed
Decomposition -- 4.2.8 High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 4.2.9 Other Methods and General Points -- 4.3 Reactivity -- 4.4 Catalytic Activity -- 4.5 Supported Metals with Simple Structures Derived from Supported
Organometallics -- 4.6 Summary -- References -- 5. Catalysis by Molybdena-Alumina and Related Oxide Systems -- 5.1 Nature of the Catalyst -- 5.2 Nature of the Catalytic Centers -- 5.3 The Chemisorption of Hydrogen on the Catalytic
Centers -- 5.4 Relationships with Catalysis -- References -- 6. Structure and Catalytic Performance of Zeolites -- 6.1 Introduction to Zeolites -- 6.2 Some Structural Considerations -- 6.3 Fundamentals of Catalysis by Zeolites: A
Resumè -- 6.4 Converting a Zeolite to Its Catalytically Active Form -- 6.5 Influence of Intergrowths on Catalytic Performance -- 6.6 Siting and Energetics of Guest Species Inside Zeolite Catalysts -- 6.7 Evaluating Currently Unsolved
Zeolitic Structures -- 6.8 Analogy Between Zeolitic and Selective Oxidation Catalysts -- References -- 7. Structural Characterization of Molecules and Reaction Intermediates on Surfaces Using Synchrotron Radiation -- 7.1 Principles of
X-Ray Absorption -- 7.1.1 General Features -- 7.1.2 Surface Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 7.1.3 Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 7.1.4 Apparatus -- 7.2 SEXAFS Studies of Polyatomic Adsorbates -- 7.2.1
Structure of Formate on the Cu{100} Surface -- 7.2.2 Structure of Formate on the Cu{110} Surface -- 7.2.3 Structure of Methoxy on the Cu{100} Surface -- 7.3 NEXAFS Studies of Polyatomic Adsorbates -- 7.3.1 Oxidation Intermediates on
Cu{100} and Cu{110} -- 7.3.2 Hydrocarbons on Pt{111} -- 7.3.3 Sulfur-Containing Hydrocarbons on Pt{111} -- 7.4 Conclusions and Outlook -- References -- 8. Effects of Surface Impurities in Chemisorption and Catalysis -- 8.1 Experimental
Details -- 8.2 Discussion -- 8.2.1 Electronegative Impurities -- a) Chemisorption -- b) Catalytic Activity -- c) Catalytic Selectivity -- 8.2.2 Electroneutral Impurities -- a) Copper Overlayer Structure -- b) Chemisorption -- c)
Catalytic Activity -- 8.2.3 Electropositive Impurities -- a) Chemisorption -- b) Carbon Monoxide Dissociation Kinetics -- c) Methanation Kinetics -- d) Promotion of Higher Hydrocarbon Formation -- e) Electronic Compensation Effects --
8.2.4 Related Theory -- 8.3 Conclusions -- References -- 9. Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Weakly Chemisorbed Phases -- 9.1 Evaluation of the Isosteric Heat and Entropy of Adsorption -- 9.2 Correlation Between Thermodynamic and Kinetic
Experiments -- 9.3 Structural and Thermodynamic Data on Weakly Chemisorbed Phases -- 9.3.1 Phase Diagram for N2 Adsorbed on Ni{110} and Data for N2 on Ni {100} -- 9.3.2 The Isosteric Heat of Adsorption and the Entropy in the Adsorbed
Phase for N2/Ni{110} and N2/NHIOO} -- 9.3.3 Carbon Monoxide on Low-Index Copper Single Surfaces -- 9.3.4 Thermodynamic Measurements at Very Small Coverages -- 9.4 Kinetics in Weakly Adsorbed Phases -- 9.4.1 Adsorption and Desorption
Kinetics -- 9.4.2 Chemical Reactions in Weakly Chemisorbed Phases -- 9.5 Summary -- References -- 10. Kinetic and Spectroscopic Investigations of Surface Chemical Processes -- 10.1 Experimental Methods -- 10.2 Kinetic Studies of
Methanol Decomposition on Ni{111} -- 10.2.1 Isothermal Decomposition of Methanol on Clean Ni{111} -- 10.2.2 Steady-State Kinetics of Methanol Decomposition on Ni {111} -- 10.3 Scanning Kinetic Spectroscopy (SKS) Methods for the Study
of the Decomposition of Alcohols on Ni{111} -- 10.3.1 Rationale for the SKS Method -- 10.3.2 Methanol Decomposition on Ni{111} —SKS Measurements -- 10.3.3 Ethanol Decomposition on Ni{111} Using SKS -- 10.4 Summary of Results --
References -- 11. Raman Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Molecules -- 11.1 Unenhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Molecules -- 11.1.1 Surface Electromagnetic Fields -- 11.1.2 Angle-Resolved Surface Raman Scattering -- 11.1.3 Selection Rules
-- 11.1.4 Examples -- 11.2 Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy -- 11.2.1 Electromagnetic Enhancement -- 11.2.2 Chemical Enhancement -- 11.3 Future Work -- References -- 12. The Time-of-Flight Atom-Probe and Its Application to Surface
Analysis and Gas-Surface Interactions -- 12.1 The Time-of-Flight Atom-Probe -- 12.1.1 Basic Principles -- 12.1.2 Mass Resolution -- 12.1.3 Pulsed High-Voltage Atom-Probes -- 12.1.4 The Pulsed-Laser Time-of-Flight Atom-Probe -- 12.1.5 A
Statistical Method of Counting Single Ions -- 12.1.6 Imaging Atom-Probes -- 12.1.7 A Method for Ion-Reaction-Time Amplification -- 12.2 Structural and Compositional Analysis of Solid Surfaces -- 12.2.1 Atomic Structures of Emitter
Surfaces -- 12.2.2 Compositional Analysis of Surface Atomic Layers: Alloy Segregations and Impurity Segregation -- 12.3 Gas-Surface Interactions -- 12.3.1 Field Adsorption -- 12.3.2 Surface Reactivity in the Formation of H3 -- 12.3.3
Atomic Steps and Reaction Intermediates in Ammonia Synthesis -- 12.4 Ion-Reaction-Time Measurement — Field Dissociation by Atomic Tunneling -- 12.5 Summary -- References -- 13. Field Emission Microscopy—Trends and Perspectives -- 13.1
Historical Background -- 13.2 Some Comments Related to Curved and Planar Surfaces -- 13.3 Field-Electron Emission Microscopy -- 13.3.1 Conceptual -- 13.3.2 The Microscopy -- a) The Microscope -- b) Magnification -- c) Contrast -- d)
Resolution -- e) The Specimen -- f) Criteria for a Clean Surface -- g) Specimen Materials -- 13.3.3 Selected Field-Electron Emission Microscopy Research -- a) Visibility of Atomic and Molecular Objects -- b) Surface Diffusion -- c)
Nucleation and Crystal Growth -- d) Cleaning Platinum Field Emitters -- e) Electron Energy Distributions -- 13.4 Field-Ion Microscopy -- 13.4.1 The Microscopy -- a) The Microscope -- b) The Image -- c) More About Field Evaporation --
d) The Specimen -- 13.4.2 Selected Field-Ion Microscopy Research -- a) Surface Diffusion -- b) Clean-Surface bcc{001} Atomic Structure -- 13.5 Summary and Future Outlook -- References -- 14. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy -- 14.1
Introduction -- 14.2 Experimental Considerations -- 14.3 Tunnel Current and Tunnel Barrier -- 14.3.1 Basic Model Calculations and Approximations -- 14.3.2 Calculations for Nonplanar Tip-Surface Geometries -- 14.3.3 The Effect of the
Image Potential -- 14.3.4 Resolution of the STM -- 14.3.5 Sample Conductivity -- 14.3.6 Effect of Adsorbates -- 14.4 Surface Microscopy -- 14.4.1 Topography of Flat Surfaces -- 14.4.2 Periodic Structures of Single-Crystalline Surfaces
-- 14.4.3 Surface Defects -- 14.4.4 Reactivity and Stability of Surfaces -- 14.4.5 Non-Surface-Science Applications of the STM -- 14.4.6 Surface Diffusion and Surface Mobility -- 14.5 Tunneling Spectroscopy -- 14.5.1 Valence Band
Spectroscopy -- 14.5.2 Resonant Tunneling -- 14.5.3 Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy -- 14.5.4 The Work Function and Work Function Images -- 14.6 Conclusions -- References -- 15. High-Resolution Electron Microscopy in Surface Science --
15.1 Imaging Methods -- 15.1.1 Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 15.1.2 Reflection Electron Microscopy -- 15.2 Instrumentation and Accessories -- 15.3 Survey of Results -- 15.3.1 Bright-Field Transmission Electron Microscopy --
15.3.2 Dark-Field Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 15.3.3 Reflection Electron Microscopy -- 15.3.4 Profile Imaging -- 15.3.5 Dynamic Processes -- 15.3.6 Image Contrast Calculations -- 15.4 Perspective and Outlook -- 15.5 Further
Reading -- References -- 16. Surface Electronic States -- 16.1 Experimental Techniques -- 16.2 Valence Electronic States: Ideal Surfaces -- 16.3 Valence States: New Developments -- 16.4 Core Levels: Surfaces and Interfaces in
Technology -- References -- 17. The Use of Spin-Polarized Electrons in Surface Analysis -- 17.1 Introduction to Spin-Polarized Electrons -- 17.2 Nonmagnetic Materials -- 17.2.1 Electron Diffraction -- 17.2.2 Application of
Spin-Polarized LEED: Spin-Polarization Detectors -- 17.2.3 Photoemission -- 17.2.4 Application of Spin-Polarized Photoemission: Polarized Electron Sources -- 17.3 Magnetic Materials -- 17.3.1 Elastic Electron Scattering -- 17.3.2
Secondary Electron Emission and Magnetic Structure Analysis -- 17.3.3 Electronic Structure and Stoner Excitations -- 17.4 Conclusion -- References -- 18. Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy -- 18.1 Historical Overview -- 18.2
Instrumentation -- 18.3 Density of States -- 18.4 Band Structures and Surface States -- 18.5 Adsorbate States -- 18.6 Summary and Outlook -- References -- 19. The Structure of Surfaces -- 19.1 Structure of the GaAs{lll}-(2 x2) Surface
-- 19.1.1 Reconstruction Mechanisms on the GaAsdll} Surface -- 19.1.2 Vacancy-Buckling Model of GaAs{lll}-(2×2) -- 19.2 Structure of the GaAs{110}-(l ×1) Surface -- 19.2.1 Surface Relaxation on the {110} Surface -- 19.2.2 Value of the
? Tilt Angle o
ISBN:9783642827273
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 5
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642700125:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Molecular Semiconductors Photoelectrical Properties and Solar Cells
Author(s): Jacques Simon
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (290 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-70012-5
Contents:I Basic Notions of Solid State Physics -- I.1 Dark Conductivity: Generalities -- I.2 Conduction in Metals: Drude and Sommerfeld Models -- I.3 Band Model of Conduction -- I.4 Limitations to Band Theory -- I.5 Hopping and Tunneling
Mechanisms of Charge Migration -- I.6 Charge Carrier Trapping Processes -- II Photoelectric Phenomena in Molecular Semiconductors -- II. 1 Light Absorption -- II.2 Energy Migration in Molecular Materials -- II.3 Photogeneration of
Charge Carriers -- II.4 Semiconductor Junctions -- II.5 Photovoltaic Effect -- III Metallophthalocyanines -- III. 1 Syntheses and Physico-Chemical Properties -- III.2 Dark Electrical Properties -- III.3 Photovoltaic Effect and Solar
Cells -- IV Poly acetylene -- IV. 1 Synthesis and Physico-Chemical Properties of Polyacetylene -- IV.2 Theoretical Properties -- IV.3 Properties of Doped Polyacetylene -- IV.4 Transport Properties of Polyacetylene -- IV. 5
Photoelectric Properties and Solar Cells -- V The Main Other Molecular Semiconductors -- V. l Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Graphite -- V.2 Metallo-Organic Derivatives -- V.3 Charge Transfer Systems -- V.4 Polysulfurnitride and
Polydiacetylene -- V.5 Polymethines -- V.6 Polymeric Conjugated Systems -- V.7 Molecular Solar Cells -- Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9783642700125
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Condensed matter , Semiconductors , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Semiconductors , Physical Chemistry , Condensed Matter Physics , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642475412:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time-Resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, Emil-Warburg-Symposium, Bayreuth-Bischofsgrün, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 3–7, 1985
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (304 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-47541-2
Contents:I Techniques and Instrumentation -- Energy-Partitioning Measurements in O(1D2) Reactions Time-Resolved Fourier Transform Infrared Emission Spectroscopy -- High-Resolution Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy with Ultrashort Laser
Pulses -- Picosecond Transient Raman Spectroscopy Using the High Repetition Rate, Amplified, Synchronously Pumped Dye Laser -- Pulsed Multichannel Raman Technique -- Fluorescence Rejection in Raman Spectroscopy -- Measurement of the
Third-Order Electronic Susceptibility of GaP by Picosecond CARS Spectroscopy -- Polarization Effects of Time-Resolved Coherent Raman Scattering in Liquids -- II Vibrational Dynamics of Molecules -- Ultrafast Intramolecular Vibrational
Redistribution and Intermolecular Energy Dissipation of Polyatomic Molecules in Solution -- Time-Resolved Observation of Vibration ally Highly Excited Polyatomic Molecules -- Time-Resolved Raman Spectroscopy of Highly Excited
Vibrational States of Polyatomic Molecules -- Transient Vibrational Excitation of Dye Molecules in a Solid Polymer Matrix -- Ultrafast Vibronic Dynamics of Dye Molecules Studied by the Induced Grating Method -- Vibrational Fluorescence
from Matrix-Isolated CO and NO Pumped with a Color Center Laser -- Vibrational Energy Decay of Surface Adsorbates -- Vibrational Energy Relaxation of Hydrogen Chloride in Liquid and Solid Xenon -- Ultrafast IR Spectroscopy Studying
Nearly-Free Induction Decay -- Dephasing in Liquid N2 and in Binary Mixtures of N2 with Liquid Argon -- High Pressure Brillouin Scattering on Liquid Carbon Tetrachloride and Benzene -- III Vibrational Dynamics in Solids -- Vibrational
Energy Relaxation in Solid Benzene -- Time-Resolved Raman Spectroscopy of Laser-Heated Semiconductors -- Picosecond Vibrational Dynamics of Hydrogen Bonded Solids: Phonons and Optical Damage -- Time-Resolved Two-Color Optical Coherence
Experiments -- High Sensitivity Time-Resolved Study of the Coherence and Parametric Instabilities of Two-Phonon States -- Two-Phonon Bound States in Molecular Crystals -- IV Photochemical Reactions -- Resonance Raman Studies of
Transient Intermediates in Photoreactions of Anthraquinone and Flavone Species -- Resonance Raman Spectra and Assignments of Deuterated Stilbene Anion and Cation Radicals -- Application of Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy to
Some Organic Photochemical Processes in Solution -- Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Studies of Photoenolization of ortho-Alkyl Substituted Benzophenones -- Resonance CARS Spectra of Metastable Merocyanines Produced by UV-Photolysis of
Spirooxazines -- Photoisomerization of Stilbene and 1,4-Diphenylbutadiene in Compressed Gases and Liquids — Density-Dependent Solvent Shift and Transport Contributions -- V Transient Species -- Advantages of Resonance CARS for the
Study of Short-Living Radicals and Photoisomers -- Resonance CARS Study of ?, ?-Diphenylpolyenes in the Electronic Excited States -- Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Studies of Electronic Excitations -- Excited States of Polyenes Studied
Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy -- Resonance Raman Spectra of the Triplet States and Anion Radicals of Trans-Nitrostilbenes -- Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of Transient Species in the Pulse Radiolytic Oxidation of Aqueous
Aniline -- Intramolecular Kinetics of Vibrationally Excited Singlet and Triplet States in Some Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- In Situ Raman Studies of Homopolymerisation and Copolymerisation Reactions -- Time-Resolved Spontaneous Raman
Scattering Chrysene in S1 and Incoherent CARS for T2 Measurement -- VI Biological Systems -- How Protein Structure Controls Oxygen Dissociation in Haemoglobin: Implications of Picosecond Transient Raman Studies -- Resonance Raman
Spectra of Reaction Intermediates of Herne Enzymes -- Herne-Linked Ionization of Horseradish Peroxidase Compound II Monitored by Changes in the Fe(IV)=0 Resonance Raman Frequency -- Resonance Raman Studies of Transient States in
Bacterial Reaction Centers -- Energy-Transfer Between Dimeric Chlorophyll ? and All-Trans ?-Carotene in vitro as Resolved by Fluorescence Photoquenching -- Using Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy to Map the Reaction Pathway
for Enzyme-Substrate Transients -- UV, IR, and Raman Spectroscopic Tracings of the B?Z Transitions of Poly[d(GC)]·poly[d(GC)] -- Kinetic Studies on Bacteriorhodopsin Resonance Raman Spectroscopy -- Resonance Raman Study on the Role of
Water in Bacteriorhodopsin -- Picosecond and Nanosecond Resonance Raman Evidence for Structural Relaxation in Bacteriorhodopsin’s Primary Photoproduct -- Picosecond Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of Bacteriorhodopsin
Intermediates -- Evidence from FTIR-Measurements for a Separation of the Protonated Schiff Base from the Counterion into a Less Polar Environment -- Time-Resolved Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to Photobiological Systems -- VII
Theoretical Aspects -- Electrontransfer and Vibrational Relaxation in Bridged Donor-Acceptor Systems -- Theory of Luminescence in the Three-Level System with Extension to the Multistate Problem by Transform Methods -- Application of
Time-Dependent Raman Theory to the Analysis of Inorganic Photosystems -- Time-Dependent Quantum Dynamics of the Picosecond Vibrational IR-Excitation of Polyatomic Molecules -- Decay Law in Conformational Relaxation -- Stochastic Theory
of Vibrational Dephasing and Transient CARS Lineshapes -- On the Lineshape of Molecular Aggregate Spectra -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642475412
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 4
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400971974:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mobile Source Emissions Including Policyclic Organic Species
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (402 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7197-4
Contents:Catalytic Control of Motor Vehicle Exhaust Emissions -- Polycyclic Organic Matter in the Atmosphere, POM Concentrations in the Netherlands -- PAH Content of Exhaust Gases from Fuels with Different Aromatic Fraction -- The Aromatic
Sextet -- Effect of Lead Antiknock Regulations on Gasoline Aromatics and Aromatic Exhaust Emissions -- The Toxicology of Polycyclic Organic Matter from Exhaust Gases -- Automotive Lead Traps: Potential under Canadian Conditions --
Carcinogenic Impact from Automobile Exhaust Condensate and the Dependence of the PAH-Profile on Various Parameters -- Recent Advances in Epa’S Monitoring and Methods Development Research -- Standardisation Aspects in PAH/POM Analysis
-- Public Health Aspects of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) in Belgium and Reflections on the Problem Related to the PAH in Exhaust Gases -- The PAH-Emission of Spark Ignition Engines -- Evaluation of Motor Vehicle and other Combustion
Emissions using Short-Term Genetic Bioassays -- Passenger Car PAH Emissions as a Function of Engine Displacement, Fuel, and Driving Cycle -- Actions of the European Communities in the Domain of Air Pollution Caused by Hydrocarbons --
Comparison of NITRO-Aromatic Content and Direct-Acting Mutagenicity of Passenger Car Engine Emissions -- The Influence of Fuel Composition on PAH-Emission a Methodical Consideration -- Environmental Carcinogens — Selected Methods of
Analysis: Iarc Manual Series including POM Measurements -- Biologically Active NITRO-PAH Compounds in Extracts of Diesel Exhaust Particulate -- Vehicle Emission Controls and Energy — the Role of Aromatics and Lead Compounds --
Mechanisms of PAH Formation and Destruction in Flames Relation to Organic Particulate Emissions -- PAH Emission from Various Sources and their Evolution over the Last Decades -- The Identification and Potential Sources of Nitrated
Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (NITRO-PAH) in Diesel Particulate Extracts -- Trends in Transportation Fuels -- Modern PAH-Analysis and Fate of PAH in Air -- The Rational Utilisation of Fuels in Private Transport (Rufit) —
Extrapolation to Unleaded Gasoline Case, Report 8/80 -- Summary Chapter-NATO Advanced Research Workshop-Mobile Source Emissions including Polycyclic Organic Species -- Author Index
ISBN:9789400971974
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 112
Keywords: Environment , Air pollution , Environment , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642871481:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Formation from Organic Solids Proceedings of the Second International Conference Münster, Fed. Rep. of Germany September 7–9, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (272 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-87148-1
Contents:1 Field Desorption -- 1.1 Principles of Field Desorption Mass Spectrometry (Review) -- 1.2 Analytical Application of Field Desorption Mass Spectrometry (Review) -- 2 252Cf-Plasma Desorption -- 2.1 High Energy Heavy-Ion Induced
Desorption (Review) -- 2.2 Secondary Ion Emission From Metals Under Fission Fragment Bombardment -- 2.3 Fast Heavy Ion Induced Desorption of Molecular Ions from Small Proteins -- 2.4 Problems in Standardization of 252Cf Fission
Fragment Induced Desorption Mass Spectrometry -- 3 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) Incuding FAB -- 3.1 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry of Organic Compounds (Review) -- 3.2 Fast Atom Bombardment (Review) -- 3.3 Changes in
Secondary Ion and Metastable Ion Mass Spectral Patterns with Experimental Conditions -- 3.4 Time-of-Flight Measurements of Metastable Decay -- 3.5 Design and Performance of a New Time-of-Flight Instrument for SIMS -- 3.6 Secondary Ion
Emission from Adsorption Layers on Nickel -- 3.7 Secondary Ion Emission from UHV-Deposited Amino Acid Overlayers on Metals -- 3.8 Temperature Dependence of Secondary Ion Emission from Phenylalanine -- 3.9 Matrix Effects on Internal
Energy in Desorption Ionization -- 3.10 Mass Spectrometry of Secondary Ions: Polymers, Plasticizers and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- 3.11 SIMS Studies of Polymer Surfaces -- 3.12 A Comparative Study of Organic Polymers by SIMS
and FABMS -- 3.13 Use of a Cesium Primary Beam for Liquid SIMS Analysis of Bio-Organic Compounds -- 3.14 Fast Atom Bombardment Study of Glycerol Mass Spectra and Radiation Chemistry -- 3.15 The Use of FAB for the Solution of Difficult
Mass Spectral Problems -- 3.16 Biological and Medical Applications of Organic SIMS -- 3.17 Low and High Resolution FAB Applications in Positive and Negative Ionization Mode -- 4 Laser Induced Ion Formation -- 4.1 Laser Induced Ion
Formation from Organic Solids (Review) -- 4.2 Time Resolved Laser Desorption -- 4.3 New Developments in Laser Pulse Induced Field Desorption -- 4.4 Thermal Processes in Repetitive Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry -- 4.5 Laser Mass
Spectrometry of Organic Compounds -- 4.6 LAMMA 1000, a New Reflection Mode Laser Microprobe Mass Analyzer, and Its Application to EDTA and Diolen® -- 4.7 Some Experiments on Laser Induced Cationization of Sucrose -- 4.8 Mass
Spectrometry of Organic Compounds (?2000 amu) and Tracing of Organic Molecules in Plant Tissue with LAMMA -- 5 Other Ion Formation Processes -- 5.1 Ion Emissions from Liquids (Review) -- 5.2 Fast Dust Particles as Primaries —
Comparison of Ion Formation with Other Techniques -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642871481
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics: 25
Keywords: Chemistry , Organic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781468444636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Soot in Combustion Systems and Its Toxic Properties
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (433 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-4463-6
Contents:Session -- Soot Components as Genetic Hazards -- The Toxicology of Soot -- A Comparative Study of Soot and Carbon Black -- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Soot From Practical Combustion Systems -- Mechanisms of Soot Formation and
Burnout -- Structure of Sooting Flames -- Chemistry of Intermediate Species in the Rich Combustion of Benzene -- Radical Chemistry in Sooting Flames -- Soot Particle Nucleation and Agglomeration -- Kinetic Aspects of Diesel Soot
Coagulation -- Mass Growth of Soot -- Ionic Mechanisms of Soot Formation -- Charged Soot Particles in Unseeded and Seeded Flames -- Electrical Intervention in the Sooting of Flames -- Burnout of Soot Particles -- Aerodynamics of Sooty
Flames -- Aerothermochemistry of Diffusion Flames -- Soot Formation and Burn-out in Turbulent Coal Liquid Fuel Flames -- Optical Diagnostics -- Theoretical Models for the Interpretation of Light Scattering by Particles Present in
Combustion Systems -- Laser Light Scattering and Fluorescence in Fuel Rich Flames: Techniques and Selected Results -- The Status of the Art in Soots Diagnosis by Means of Diffusion Broadening Spectroscopy -- The Quasi-Elastic
Scattering of Light: A Lecture with Emphasis on Particulate Diagnosis -- Synthesis and Recommendations for Future Work
ISBN:9781468444636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series, VI Materials Science : 7
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemical engineering , Chemistry , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461335993:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Human and Environmental Risks of Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (823 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3599-3
Contents:Definition of the Problem -- Dioxins as Contaminants of Herbicides: The U. S. Perspective -- Dioxins as Contaminants of Herbicides: Australian Perspective -- The Use of Scientific Information in the Development of Public Policies --
Regulatory Actions on Dioxins and Related Compounds -- Dioxins and Related Compounds as International Issues of Concern -- Analytical Chemistry -- Analytical Methodology for the Determination of PCDDs and PCDFs in Products and
Environmental Samples: An Overview and Critique -- High Resolution Mass Spectrometry Methods of Analysis for Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans -- Determination of tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and tetra-chlorodibenzofurans
in Environmental Samples by High Performance Liquid Chromatography, capillary gas chromatography and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry -- Methodology and Preliminary Results for the Isomer-Specific Determination of TCDDs and Higher
Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins in Chimney Particulates from Wood-Fueled Domestic Furnaces Located in Eastern, Central, and Western Regions of the United States -- Sampling and Analytical Methodologies for PCDDs and PCDFs in Incinerators
and Wood Burning Facilities -- Comparative Monitoring and Analytical Methodology for 2,3,7,8-TCDD in Fish -- Environmental Chemistry -- Emissions of PCDDs and PCDFs from Combustion Sources -- Changes in Dioxin Isomer Group Ratios in
the Environment: An Update and Extension of the Present Theory -- Analyses for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodbenzo-p-dioxin Residues in Environmental Samples -- Long-Term Studies on the Persistence and Movement of TCDD in a Natural Ecosystem --
Microbial Degradation of TCDD in a Model Ecosystem -- Residues of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzo-furans in the Laurentian Great Lakes Fish -- Identification of Polychlorinated Dioxins (PCDDs) and Dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in
Human Samples, Occupational Exposure and Yusho Patients -- Seveso — An Environmental Assessment -- Environmental Toxicology -- Environmental Toxicity of TCDD -- The Theory of Accumulation and Its Relationship to the Choice of
Monitoring Matrices for Dioxins -- A Field Study of Soil and Biological Specimens from a Herbicide Storage and Aerial-Test Staging Site Following Long-Term Contamination with TCDD -- Chick Edema Disease and Hepatic Porphyria in Lake
Ontario Herring Gull Embryos in the Early 1970s -- Long-Term Field Studies of a Rodent Population Continuously Exposed to TCDD -- Ultrastructural Comparison of Liver Tissues from Field and Laboratory TCDD-Exposed Beach Mice --
Biochemistry and Metabolism -- PCDDs and Related Compounds: Metabolism and Biochemistry -- 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin-Induced Weight Loss: A Proposed Mechanism -- Studies of the Mechanism of Action of Hepatotoxicity of
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds -- The Ah Receptor: A Specific Site for Action of Chlorinated Dioxins? -- Genetic Differences in Enzymes Which Metabolize Drugs, Chemical Carcinogens, and Other
Environmental Pollutants -- Factors Affecting the Disposition and Persistence of Halogenated Furans and Dioxins -- Adipose Tissue Storage of Polychlorinated Compounds -- Structure Elucidation of Mammalian TCDD-Metabolites -- Animal
Toxicology -- Absorption, Distribution and Metabolism of 2,3,7,8-Tetra-chlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in Experimental Animals -- Morphology of Lesions Produced by the Dioxins and Related Compounds -- A Consideration of the Mechanism of
Action of 2,3,7,8-Tetra-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and Related Halogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Human Observations -- Methodology of Clinical Studies on Exposed Populations -- A Mortality Study of Workers Employed at the Monsanto
Company Plant in Nitro, West Virginia -- Dioxin and Reproductive Events -- Significance of Cutaneous Lesions in the Symptomatology of Exposure to Dioxins and Other Chloracnegens -- Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Clues and Caution -- Risk
Assessment -- Risk Assessment: Introductory Remarks -- Assessing Risk in Legal Proceedings: How to Deal With Scientific Uncertainty in Toxic Substances Risk Assessments -- Some General Observations on the Safety of PCDDs -- Risk
Assessment for Regulation of Dioxin (TCDD) -- Risk Assessment for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) -- Laboratory Safety and Waste Management -- An Overview of Laboratory and Waste Management Guidelines for Toxic Chlorinated
Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans -- Laboratory Design Considerations for the Handling and Analysis of Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds -- Safe Handling of Toxic Chemicals: Perspectives of a Bench Chemist and Laboratory
Manager -- Safety Precautions for the Handling of TCDD -- A Program for Monitoring Potential Contamination in the Laboratory Following the Handling and Analyses of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans -- A Medical
Surveillance Program for Scientists Exposed to Dioxins and Furans -- Laboratory Handling and Disposal of Chlorinated Dioxin Wastes -- Physical and Chemical Properties of Dioxins in Relation to their Disposal -- The Design,
Implementation and Evaluation of the Industrial Hygiene Program Used During the Disposal of Herbicide Orange -- Panel Reports -- Analytical Chemistry -- Environmental Chemistry -- Environmental Toxicology -- Biochemistry and Metabolism
-- Animal Toxicology -- Human Observations -- Laboratory Safety and Waste Management -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461335993
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 26
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461335757:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coordination Polymerization
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (332 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3575-7
Contents:Selectivity in Addition Polymerization -- Coordination Polymerization -- Molecular Level Elucidation of Stereospecific Polymerization of Methyloxirane Using a Well-defined Organozinc Complex -- Polymerization of Epoxides Catalyzed by
Condensates of Organotins or Friedel-Crafts Type Metal Halides with Alkyl Phosphates -- Novel Catalyst Systems, Based on Organozinc Compounds and Group IVB Organometallic Compounds, for the Stereospecific Polymerization of Oxiranes --
Polymers and Copolymers of Methyl ? Epoxyalkanoates -- Stereochemical Aspects of the Polymerization of Cis and Trans Thiiranes using Chiral Initiators -- Stereochemical Aspects of the Cat ionic Polymerization of Chiral Alkyl Vinyl
Ethers -- Tetraneophylzirconium and Its use in the Polymerization of Olefins -- Polymerization of Ethylene by use of An Organoscandium Compound -- Stereoselective and Stereoelective Polymerization of Racemic 4-Methyl-l-Hexene with
MgCl2 Supported Titanium Catalysts -- Supported Catalysts for Polypropylene: Aluminum Alkyl-Ester Chemistry -- ‘Living’ Coordination Polymerization of Propylene and its Application to Block Copolymer Synthesis -- Mechanism of
Ziegler-Natta Polymerization on the Basis of Data on the Number of Active Centers and Their Reactivity -- Some Aspects of Coordination Homo- and Co-polymerization of High a-Olefins,Cyclic and Allene Hydrocarbons -- Contributors
ISBN:9781461335757
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Polymer Science and Technology: 19
Keywords: Chemistry , Polymers , Chemistry , Polymer Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9789400978522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Study of Fast Processes and Transient Species by Electron Pulse Radiolysis Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Capri, Italy, 7–18 September, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (660 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7852-2
Contents:Absorption of Energy From Ionizing Radiation -- 1. X-rays and ?-rays -- (a) Photoelectric effect -- (b) Compton effect -- (c) Pair production -- 2. Electrons -- (a) Excitation and ionisation of molecules -- (b) Emission of radiation
-- (c) Electron range -- (d) Low energy electrons -- 3. Heavy Positive Particles -- (a) High energy -- (b) Low energy -- 4. Neutrons -- References -- Basics of Radiation Chemistry -- Spacial Distribution and Reaction Kinetics -- 1.
Charge Particle Tracks and Track Densities -- 2. Spur Reactions -- 3. Non-Homogeneous Kinetics -- Time Scale of Events in a Liquid -- 1. Development -- 2. Summary of Time Scale -- References -- Sources of Pulsed Radiation -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Types of Pulsed Radiation Sources -- 2.1. Microwave linear accelerators -- 2.2. Febetrons -- 2.3. Other sources of pulsed radiation -- 3. Physical Dosimetry for Pulses Sources -- References -- Chemical Dosimetry of
Pulsed Electron and X-Ray Sources in the 1-20 MeV Range -- 1.1. Units of Absorbed Dose -- 1.2. Units of Radiation Chemical Yield -- 2.1. Principles of Chemical Dosimetry -- 2.2. The Ferrous Sulphate or Fricke Dosimeter -- 2.3. The
“Super Fricke Dosimeter” -- 2.4. Other Dosimeters Suitable for High Intensity Pulsed Sources -- 3.1. Dosimetry by the Measurement of Fugitive Species -- 3.2. Sources of Error -- 1. Correction due to pulse duration -- 2. Correction for
response time of system -- 3.3. The Thiocyanate Dosimeter -- 3.4. The Hydrated Electron Dosimeter -- 3.5. The Ferrocyanide Dosimeter -- References -- Optical Monitoring Techniques -- 1. General Considerations -- 2. Optical Systems --
2.1. Lenses -- 2.2. Mirrors -- 2.3. Light-Sources -- 2.4. Monochromators -- 3. Monitoring Techniques -- 3.1. Photodetectors -- 3.2. Photomultipliers -- 3.3. Photodiodes -- 3.4. Detector circuits -- References -- Conductivity Monitoring
Techniques -- Electrical Principles -- Limitations -- Experimental Set-ups -- Chemical Examples -- Conclusion -- References -- Polarography Monitoring Techniques -- Experimental Section -- Examples -- Conclusion -- References -- The
Microwave Absorption Technique For Studying Ions and Ionic Processes -- Experimental -- General -- Circuit components -- Irradiation cells -- Irradiation conditions -- Data Reduction -- Reflection cell -- Resonant cavity cell -- The
yield-mobility product -- Application and Comparison with other Techniques -- References -- EPR and NMR Detection of Transient Radicals and Reaction Products -- Time Resolved EPR -- Pulsed EPR -- Time resolved spectra -- Time sweep --
Free induction decay -- NMR in Radiation Chemistry -- References -- Radical Ions and Excited States in Radiolysis. Optically Detected Time Resolved EPR -- Method, Results and Discussion -- References -- Light Scattering Techniques for
Investigation of Transients Produced in Electron Pulse Radiolysis -- Rayleigh Scattering -- Raman Scattering -- Background -- Origin of resonance enhancement -- Experimental -- Pulse radiolysis and TR3 detection -- Current activity --
References -- Data Acquisition and Analysis in Pulse Radiolysis Part is Control, Digitization, and Analysis -- 1.0. Introduction -- 2.0. Timing and Control -- 3.0. Digitisation of the Transient Signal -- 3.1. Oscilloscopes -- 3.2.
Electronic digitiser -- 3.3. Diode matrix technique -- 3.4. Streak cameras -- 3.5. Pulse-probe technique -- 3.6. Counting methods -- 3.7. Computer as digitiser -- 4.0. Data Processing and Analysis -- 4.1. Initial data processing --
4.2. Simple linear fitting -- 4.3. Iterative linear regression -- 4.4. Direct solution of kinetic equations -- 4.5. Deconvolution -- 4.6. Statistical considerations -- 5.0. Conclusion -- References -- Data Acquisition and Analysis in
Pulse Radiolysis Part II: Computerization -- 1.0. Introduction -- 2.0. Historical Survey -- 2.1. The computer revolution -- 2.2. Computers in pulse radiolysis -- 3.0. Techniques of Laboratory Computerisation -- 3.1. Computer hardware
-- Minicomputers -- Microcomputers -- 3.2. Hardware Interfacing -- Camac -- GPIB -- S-100 Bus -- Ethernet -- 3.3. Operating systems -- 3.4. Programming languages -- 4.0. Some General Aspects of Design and Implementation -- 4.1.
Flexibility -- 4.2. Ease of use -- 4.3. Manual control option -- 4.4. How much computerisation? -- 5.0. Conclusion -- References -- Rapid Techniques for Correcting Nanosecond Kinetic Traces for Convolution Error -- 1.0. Introduction --
2.0. Separation of the Convolution Integral -- 3.0. Model Excitation Response Function -- 4.0. Discussion -- 5.0. Examples -- 6.0. Conclusion -- References -- Basic Radiation Chemistry of Liquid Water -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Primary
Events -- 3. Experimental Evidence for Spurs -- 4. Yields of the Primary Species -- 4.1. Yields in neutral solution -- 4.2. Dependence on pH -- 5. Initial Yields -- 6. Properties of the Primary Radicals -- 6.1. Hydrated electron --
6.2. Hydrogen atom -- 6.3. Hydroxy1 radical -- 6.4. Perhydroxyl radical -- 7. Water Radiolysis as a Chemical Tool -- 7.1. Oxidising conditions -- 7.2. Reducing conditions -- 8. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Applications of Water
Radiolysis in Inorganic Chemistry -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inorganic Free Radicals -- 3. Non-metallic Compounds -- 3.1. Oxyhalogen ions -- 3.2. Borohydride ion -- 4. Aquo-metal Ions in Unusual Oxidation States -- 5. Lanthanides and
Actinides -- 6. Transition Metal Complexes -- 6.1. Electron transfer -- 6.2. Coordinated free radicals -- 6.3. Aquation of transition metal complexes -- 6.4. Change in symmetry -- 7. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Application of
Pulse Radiolysis to the Study of Aqueous Organic Systems -- Reactions of OH, e-aq and H -- Hydroxyl radicals -- Hydrated electrons -- Hydrogen atoms -- Design of Experiments -- Radicals formed from OH reactions -- Radicals formed from
e-aq reactions -- Radicals formed from H reactions -- Acid-base properties -- Errors -- Free Radicals Formed from Organic Compounds -- Hydrocarbons -- Halides -- Alcohol and carbonyl compounds -- Sulphur compounds -- References --
Application of Pulse Radiolysis to the Study of Molecules of Biological Importance -- One Electron Reduction Potentials -- Quinones -- Carbohydrates -- Amino Acids and Peptides -- Pyridine Compounds -- Flavins -- Haem and Haemoproteins
-- Vitamin B12 -- Excited States -- References -- Structure and Dynamics of Paramagnetic Transients By Pulsed EPR and NMR Detection of Nuclear Resonance -- Time Resolved EPR -- NMR Detection of Nuclear Resonance -- CIDNP and CIDEP
Contributions -- References -- Transients in Low Temperature Aqueous Glasses -- 1. The Glassy State -- 2. Techniques Used in Matrix Isolation Studies -- Recombination Luminescences -- Electro Luminescences -- 3. Radiation Chemistry in
Glassy Matrices -- 4. Examples of Aqueous Glasses -- 4.1. Pure ice -- 4.2. Acid glasses -- 4.3. Alkaline glasses -- 4.4. Salt glasses -- 4.5. Ethylene glycol-water glasses -- 5. The Fate of Trapped Electrons -- 6. Conclusion --
References -- Labile Species and Fast Processes in Liquid Alcohol Radiolysis -- Overall Reaction -- Major products -- Minor products -- Non-homogeneous Kinetics and Fast Processes -- Decomposition of e-s -- References -- Labile Species
and Fast Processes in Liquid Alkanes -- Ionic Species -- Free ion yields -- Ions in spurs -- Kinetics -- Free Radicals -- Yields -- Reactions -- Excited States -- Yields -- References -- The Dynamics of Electrons and Ions in Non-Polar
Liquids -- Historical perspective -- Ionisation -- Recombination and Escape -- Correlated ion pair kinetics -- The free ion yield -- Homogeneous ion recombination -- Mobilities -- General -- Electrons -- Solvent-radical cations --
Solvent-radical anions -- Molecular ions -- Scavenging Yields -- References -- Molecular Excited States in Liquid Systems -- Primary Events during Fast Electron Bombardment -- Contribution of Pulse Radiolysis -- References --
Radiolytic Studies of Micelles and Other Aggregated Systems -- Cell Membranes -- Micelles -- Reverse Micelles -- Liposomes and Vesicles -- The Hydrated Electron -- The Hydroxy1 Radical -- Reduction of Dimensionality -- Electron
Transfer Reactions -- Binding of Proteins to Vesicle Bilayers -- References -- Transients in Low Temperature Organic Glasses -- 1. Different Types of Organic Glasses -- 2. Properties of Trapped Electrons -- 2.1. The trapping process --
2.2. Structure of trapped electrons -- 3. Reactions of Trapped Electrons -- 3.1. Reaction with scavengers -- 3.2. Reaction with cations -- 4. Cation Radicals -- References -- The Use of Pulse Radiolysis to Study Transient Species in
the Gas Phase -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Excited States -- 2.1. Pure rare gases -- 2.2. Rare gases containing additives -- 3. Charged Species -- 3.1. Recombination -- 3.2. Ion-molecule reactions -- 3.3. Electron capture -- 4. Atoms and
Radicals -- References -- Index of Subjects
ISBN:9789400978522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 86
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear chemistry , Chemistry , Nuclear Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781468440522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement of Risks
Author(s):
Date:1981
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-4052-2
Contents:The risks of measuring risk -- Session I: Statistical Inference of Risks -- The proper interpretation of significance tests in risk assessment -- Remarks on sequential designs in risk assessment -- Epidemiologic studies of toxic
response — significance requirements -- Biological models in epidemiology: radiation carcinogenesis -- Session II: Risks of Prenatal Exposures -- Dose-response relationships for adult and prenatal exposures to methylmercury -- Risk
factors for deficits in early cognitive development -- Utilization of critical periods during development to study the effects of low levels of environmental agents -- Epidemiologic studies of environmental exposures in human
reproduction -- Session III: Risks of Contaminated Air and Drinking Water -- Health risks of lead as judged from autopsy material -- Use of tests of pulmonary function to measure effect of air pollutants -- Experimental evaluation of
air pollutants in humans as a basis for estimating risk -- Problems and possibilities of determining the carcinogenic potency of inhalable fibrous dusts and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons -- Session IV: Comparative Risks of Energy
Sources -- Some probabilistic aspects of safety assessment -- What is the total risk of energy systems? -- Have the nuclear power risk assessors failed? -- Session V: Genetic and Cancer Hazards -- Cytogenetic bases for risk inference
-- Problems and solutions in the estimation of genetic risks from radiation and chemicals -- Evaluation of genetic risks -- Session VI: Extrapolation to Low Doses -- Extrapolation from long term low dose animal studies -I. Review --
Extrapolation from long term low dose animal studies -II. The ED01 study -- The shapes of the radiation dose — mutation response curves in Drosophila: mechanisms and implications -- The cancer risk from low level radiation -- A simple
threshold model for the classical bioassay problem -- A biological basis for the linear non-threshold dose — response relationship for low-level carcinogen response -- Participants
ISBN:9781468440522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 21
Keywords: Medicine , Veterinary medicine , Medicine & Public Health , Veterinary Medicine
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9789400990791:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute and the Second International Symposium held at Menton, France, June 25 – July 7, 1979
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (730 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-9079-1
Contents:Lectures -- 1. Introduction Lecture to Magnetic Resonance -- 2. Electron Spin Resonance of Radicals and Ions in Solution -- 3. ESR Study of Powders g Factor, Transition Metal Ions, Various Symmetries -- 4. Hyperfine, Superhyperfine,
Fine Structures -- 5. Application of EPR to Surface Chemistry: Coordination Chemistry of Paramagnetic Ions in Zeolites -- 6. Applications of EPR to Surface Chemistry: Study, Classification and Uses of Adsorbed Species -- 7. The Theory
of Mossbauer Spectroscopy -- 8. Applications of Mossbauer Spectroscopy to Surface Chemistry -- 9. Magnetic Interactions of Nuclei with Electrons -- 10. NMR in Rigid Lattice: Application of Dipolar and Quadrupolar Interactions to the
Study of Surface Properties and Adsorbed Phases -- 11. High Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Solids -- 12. High Resolution NMR in Solids and Surfaces -- 13. NMR Techniques for Chemical Kinetics in Adsorption Systems -- 14. 13C
Chemical Shifts in Adsorption Systems : Molecular Motions, Molecular Orientations, Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis -- 15. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Translational Motion in Porous Systems -- 16. NMR Chemical Shifts and
Reactivity of Solid Surfaces -- 17. ESR and NMR Studies of Biological Interfaces. Membranes -- 18. Molecular and Ionic Behaviour at Water-Amphiphile Interfaces -- 19. Adsorption at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces: Discussion of NMR Methods --
20. Behaviour of Macromolecules at the Solid Liquid Interface -- 21. Lipid-Protein Interactions in Biological Membranes. Spin-Label Studies -- 22. Applications of NMR to Micellar Interactions and Catalysis -- Papers -- 1. Mossbauer
Spectroscopy Study of Iron with SO2-Polluted Atmospheres -- 2. A NGR Study of Iron Catalysts in CO Hydrocondensation Reactions -- 3. Proton NMR Powder Pattern Lineshapes and Single Crystal Rotation Studies of Hydrogen Molybdenum
Bronzes -- 4. The NMR Response of Heterogeneous Systems: Anisotropy and Low-Dimensionality Effects -- 5. NMR and IR Study of the Protonated Species on the Surface of Scandia -- 6. The Proton NMR from Adsorbed H2 and Surface Hydroxyl
Groups of Alumina and Molybdena-Alumina Catalysts -- 7. Application of the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance to the Study of the Superficial Constitutive Water of Titanium Oxides -- 8. Experimental Investigation and the Theoretical Treatment
of the Surface Properties and Structure of CoO-MoO3-AI2O2 Catalysts -- 9. ENDOR Studies of Radicals Adsorbed on Metal Oxide Powders -- 10. Electron Transfer Across the Solid-Liquid Interface in Pigment Dispersions : Detection upon
Photolysis by Spin Trapping -- 11. Influence of Preparation Methods on Structural Integrity of Na-A and Na-? Zeolites and on Occlusion of Aluminum Compounds Studied by H-NMR of Sorbed Water and Ammonia -- 12. EPR Investigation of Redox
Processes Occurring upon Oxygen and Propylene Interaction with V2O5 and V2O5-MoO3 -- 13. Sulfided Supported Tungsten and Molybdenum Catalysts Promoted by Nickel or Cobalt. An ESR Study -- 14. ESR Study of Polymerization on Al2O3 Fresh
Surface Produced by Fracture -- 15. Electron Acceptor and Donor Properties of Oxides, as Investigated by Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy -- 16. ESR of Iron Impurity in NaPtY Zeolites -- 17. Computer Simulated Study of the EPR
Spectrum of Cu2+ Hectorite -- 18. Photo-Adsorption of Oxygen on Al-Doped TiO2 -- 19. Study by Magnetic Resonance Techniques (FMR, EPR, ENDOR) of the Reduction of NiII Ions in X-Type Zeolite -- 20. EPR Studies of Photochemistry at
Molybdenum Oxide Surfaces -- 21. Incorporation du Platine dans l’Oxyde de Titane TiO2 -- 22. An NMR and EPR Investigation of the Interaction of Chromium and Molybdenum Hexacarbonyl with Faujasite Type Y Zeolite -- 23. Carbon-13 NMR of
Hydrocarbons Sorbed in Zeolites -- 24. An Electron Spin Resonance Investigation of a Molybdena/Alumina Catalyst and of Radical Cations Adsorbed on its Surface -- 25. EPR Study of Oxygen Intermediates and their Role in Mechanism of CO
Oxidation on the Surface of Cr/SiO2 Catalysts -- 26. NMR Study of Adsorbed Water — III Molecular Orientation and Protonic Motions in the One-Layer of A Li Hectorite -- 27. EPR Study of the Potassium Palmitate — Water Lyotropic System
-- 28. Diffusion Measurements of Small Molecules at the Gas Solid Interface -- 29. 19F NMR Spectroscopic and Relaxation Studies of SbF5 and AsF5 Intercalated in Graphite, Graphite Fibers and Polyacetylene -- 30. ESR of Colloidal
Vanadium Pentoxide -- 31. ESR Analysis of Brownian Motion in V2O5 Xerogels after Adsorption of Water -- 32. A Study of Poly (Ethylene-Oxide) Chains Grafted on Silica by NMR -- 33. Carbon-13 NMR Investigation of Acetone Adsorbed on
Silica Gel -- 34. Carbon-13 NMR Investigation of Surface Modified Silica Gels -- 35. Conformations of 1- and Trans 2-Butenes Adsorbed on a NaGeX Zeolite. A 13C-NMR Study -- 36. Nickel and Iron Carbonyl Decomposition on Zeolites and
Alumina: Surface Complexes Detected by 13C-NMR Spectroscopy -- 37. Correlations Between the Motion and the Structure of Nonionic Surfactant Aggregates in Organic Solvents : Combined Studies by Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and
Neutron Scattering -- 38. Photoinitiated Electron Transfer Between Donors and Acceptors in Monomolecular Layer Assemblies — EPR and Optical Studies -- 39. Ion Binding in Amphiphile Water Systems. A Comparison Between Electrostatic
Theories and NMR Experiments. -- 40. Magnetic Resonance Studies of Graphite Lamellar Compounds -- 41. Molecular Dynamics in Water Solutions Adsorbed on Porous Solids Studied by ESR of Paramagnetic Probes -- 42. H-NMR Study on the
Influence of Ion Exchange on Sorbate Mobility in Type A Zeolite -- 43. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance from Physisorbed Molecules at the Gas-Solid Interface -- 44. Phosphorus-31 and Sodium-23 NMR Studies of Diamagnetic Metal Ion Binding to
Phosphatidylserine Vesticles -- 45. NMR Studies of Water in Barnacle Muscle Fibers -- 46. Magnetohydrodynamic Properties of an Amphiphilic Nematic Liquid Crystalline Mesophase -- 47. Etude de la Distribution de l—Alcool dans une
Microemulsion par la Resonance Magnetique du Fluor -- 48. Solubilization in Aqueous Solutions of Hexadecyltrimethylammonium Bromide and Sodium Dodecylsulphate Studied by Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation -- 49. NMR of Aqueous Carrageenan
Gels and Sols -- 50. Association Behavior in Steroidal Systems — NMR Spectroscopic and Vapor Pressure Osmometric Studies of Bile Acid Derivatives
ISBN:9789400990791
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 61
Keywords: Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9783642814648:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organic Molecular Crystals Their Electronic States
Author(s): Edgar A Silinsh
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (392 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81464-8
Contents:1. Introduction: Characteristic Features of Organic Molecular Crystals -- 1.1 Interaction Forces in Molecular Crystals -- 1.2 The Atom-Atom Potential Method -- 1.3 Aromatic Hydrocarbons — Model Compounds of Organic Molecular Crystals
-- 1.4 Specific Properties of Electronic States in a Molecular Crystal -- 1.5 Basic Characteristics of Electronic Conduction States in Molecular Crystals -- 2. Electronic States of an Ideal Molecular Crystal -- 2.1 Neutral Excited
States in a Molecular Crystal -- 2.2 Ionized States in a Molecular Crystal -- 2.3 Electronic Polarization of a Molecular Crystal by a Charge Carrier -- 2.4 Electrostatic Methods of Electronic Polarization Energy Calculation in
Molecular Crystals -- 2.5 Determination of Molecular Polarizability Tensor -- 2.6 Selection of Molecular Polarizability Components bi. for Electronic Polarization Energy Calculations -- 2.7 Extended Polarization Model of Ionized States
in Molecular Crystal s -- 2.8 Charge Transfer (CT) States in Molecular Crystals -- 2.9 Experimental Determination of Energy Structure Parameters in Molecular Crystals -- 2.10 Energy Structure of an Anthracene Crystal -- 2.11 Energy
Structure of Aromatic and Heterocyclic Molecular Crystals -- 3. Role of Structural Defects in the Formation of Local Electronic States in Molecular Crystals -- 3.1 Statistical Aspects of the Formation of Local States of Polarization
Origin -- 3.2 General Considerations on the Role of Specific Structural Defects -- 3.3 Point Defects (Vacancies) in Molecular Crystals, Their Crystallographic and Electronic Properties -- 3.4 Dislocation Defects, Their Role in Local
State Formation -- 3.5 Energetics of Dislocations in Molecular Crystals -- 3.6 Atomic and Molecular Models of the Dislocation Core -- 3.7 Dislocation Alignments and Aggregations, Their Configurational and Energetic Properties -- 3.8
Grain Boundaries, Their Energetic Characteristics -- 3.9 Stacking Faults in Molecular Crystals -- 3.10 Formation of Predimer States in the Regions of Extended Structural Defects of Anthracene-Type Crystals -- 3.11 Some More Complex
Two- and Three-Dimensional Lattice Defects in Molecular Crystals -- 3.12 Observation of Structural Defects in Molecular Crystals -- 3.13 Main Characteristics of Dislocation Defects in Some Model Molecular Crystals -- 4. Local Trapping
Centers for Excitons in Molecular Crystals -- 4.1 Theory of Exciton States in a Deformed Molecular Crystal -- 4.2 Electron Level Shifts in Hydrostatically Compressed Molecular Crystal s -- 4.3 Formation of Local Exciton Trapping
Centers in Structural Defects of a Crystal -- 5. Local Trapping States for Charge Carriers in Molecular Crystals -- 5.1 Electronic Polarization Energy of a Compressed Anthracene Crystal -- 5.2 Formation of Local Trapping Centers for
Charge Carriers in Structural Defects of a Real Molecular Crystal -- 5.3 Energy Spectrum of Local States of Polarization Origin in Stacking Faults of an Anthracene Crystal -- 5.4 Local Surface States of Polarization Origin in Molecular
Crystals -- 5.5 Local States of Polarization Origin in the Vicinity of a Lattice Vacancy -- 5.6 Local Charge Carrier Trapping in Covalent, Ionic and Molecular Crystal s -- 5.7 Randomizing Factors Determining Gaussian Distribution of
Local States of Structural Origin -- 5.8 Investigation of Local Trapping States by Method of Space Charge Limited Currents (SCLC) -- 5.9 Phenomenological SCLC Theory for Molecular Crystals with Gaussian Distribution of Local Trapping
States -- 5.10 Gaussian SCLC Approximations of Experimental CV Characteristics -- 5.11 SCLC Theory for Spatially Nonuniform Trap Distribution -- 5.12 Investigation of Local Trapping States by Thermally Activated Spectroscopy Techniques
-- 5.13 Other Experimental Methods for Local Trapping State Study -- 5.14 Correlations Between Distribution Parameters of Local Trapping States and Crystalline Structure -- 5.15 Local Lattice Polarization by Trapped Charge Carrier in
Molecular Crystals -- 5.16 Guest Molecules as Trapping Centers in a Host Lattice -- 6. Summing Up and Looking Ahead -- References -- Additional References with Titles
ISBN:9783642814648
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 16
Keywords: Physics , Organic chemistry , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436174:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (593 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3617-4
Contents:Keynote Address -- Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment: Some Thoughts on the Philosophy and Practice of Environmental Analytical Chemistry -- The Sampling and Measurement of Hydrocarbons in Natural
Waters -- A Fast Quantitative Analysis of a Wide Variety of Halogenated Compounds in Surface-, Drinking-, and Groud-Water -- Adsorption of Insecticide Residues — Importance in Environmental Sampling and Analysis -- Methodology for the
Isolation of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons for Qualitative, Quantitative, and Bioassay Studies -- Benzo(a)pyrene in the Marine Environment: Analytical Techniques and Results -- Chromatographic and Spectral Analysis of Polycyclic
Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Air and Water Environments -- Presence and Potential Significance of o-o’-Unsubstituted PCB Isomers and Trace Aroclor® 1248 and 1254 Impurities -- Analysis of Mirex in Lake Sediments: Problems and Solutions
-- Chloro-Organic Compounds in the Lower Fox River, Wisconsin -- The Determination and Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Source and Treated Waters -- Multicomponent Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Analysis of Inland Water
and Sediment -- An Evaluation of Purging Methods for Organics in Water -- Determination of Purgeable Organics in Sediment -- Analysis of Headspace Gases for Parts Per Billion Concentrations of Volatile Organic Contaminants in Water
Samples by Gas Chromatography -- Evaluation of Analytical Techniques for Assessment of Treatment Processes for Trace Halogenated Hydrocarbons -- The Examination and Estimation of the Performance Characteristics of a Standard Method for
Organochlorine Insecticides and PCB -- A System for the Preparation of Organohalogen Reference Materials with Marine Lipid Matrices -- Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry of Hydrocarbons and Halohydrocarbons -- Identification and
Quantitative Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on WCOT Glass Capillary Columns -- Automatic Analysis of Organic Pollutants in Water Via GC/MS -- Quantification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Marine Environmental Samples --
Reproductive Success of Herring Gulls as an Indicator of Great Lakes Water Quality -- Pesticide Monitoring in the Prairies of Western Canada -- Importance of Particulate Matter on the Load of Hydrocarbons of Motorway Runoff and
Secondary Effluents -- Organochlorines in Precipitation in the Great Lakes Region -- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Marine Environment: Gulf of Maine Sediments and Nova Scotia Soils -- Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Dutch Water
Samples Over the Years 1969 – 1977 -- A Model System for the Investigation of Methods of Herbicide Speciation -- Anthropogenic C1 and C2 Halocarbons: Potential Application as Coastal Water-Mass Tracers -- Prediction of Volatilization
Rates of Chemicals in Water -- Chlorinated Phenolic Compounds: Formation, Detection, and Toxicity in Drinking Water -- Screening South African Drinking-Waters for Organic Substances Hazardous to Health -- Trihalomethane Levels at
Selected Water Utilities in Kentucky, U.S.A. -- Formation of Trihalomethanes During Chlorination and Determination of Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Drinking Water -- Trihalomethane Levels in Canadian Drinking Water -- Aquatic Organism
Pathobiology as a Sentinel System to Monitor Environmental Carcinogens -- Bacterial Degradation of Crude Oil and Oil Components in Pure and Mixed Culture Systems -- Induction of Mixed Function Oxidase Enzymes in Fish by Halogenated and
Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Halogenated Biphenyl Metabolism -- Toxicity of Hydrocarbons and Their Halogenated Derivatives in an Aqueous Environment -- Fish Tumor Pathology and Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution in a Great Lakes Estuary --
Bioaccumulation of Arene and Organochlorine Pollutants by Cipangopaludina Chinensis (Gray, 1834) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Ponds in the Royal Botanical Gardens, Hamilton, Ontario -- The Correlation of the Toxicity to Algae of
Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons with their Physical-Chemical Properties -- Erratum
ISBN:9781468436174
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 16
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1979-9783540353423:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quasi-One-Dimensional Conductors II Proceedings of the International Conference Dubrovnik, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia, 1978
Author(s):
Date:1979
Note:10.1007/3-540-09241-2
Contents:Electron-electron interactions in the physics of the 1D conductors -- Generalized wigner lattices and band motion effects -- Relationship between the 1-D fermi gas model and other models -- Electronic structure of the three phases in
MEM(TCNQ)2 -- Experiments on the phase transitions in MEM(TCNO)2 -- The spin-peierls transition and other aspects of the magnetic behavior of the compounds TTF · MS4C4(CF3)4(M = Pt, Cu, Au) -- New theory of the spin-peierls transition
with special relevance to the experiments on TTFCuBDT -- Theory for the order — disorder and metal-insulator phase-transitions in (Ti 1-C VC) 407 -- Analogies between a three-dimensional coulomb gas in a strong magnetic field and the
one-dimensional electron gas with backward scattering -- Gap renormalization in the one-dimensional electron gas with backward scattering -- Properties of the one-dimensional electron gas -- The new method in the theory of nearly ideal
one-dimensional fermi-gas. correlation functions -- Novel method to calculate the response functions of the tomonaga model -- Peterls dimerization and excitonic effects on the interband absorption of an antiferromagnetic hubbard chain
-- Collective mode in quasi one-dimensional spin lattice coupled system -- Double resonance identification of the magnetic chain in quinolinium(TCNQ)2 -- Very low temperature magnetic phase transition in Pyridinium (TCNQ)2 -- Friedel
oscillation in one-dimensional Hubbard model -- Spin-Peierls transition in magnetic field -- One-dimensional phonons and chain-ordering in Hg3-?AsF6 -- One-dimensional fluctuations and the chain-ordering transformation in Hg 3-?AsF6*
-- Magnetic field induced residual resistivity and anisotropic superconductivity in the linear chain compound, Hg3-?AsF6 -- X-ray scattering studies on the quasi-one-dimensional conductors NbSe3 and TTF-SCN -- Lattice distortions and
phonons in organic conductors with incommensurate lattices -- The crystal structures of electroconducting cation-radical salts -- New conducting ternary compounds (Ammonium-TCNQ-Iodine) the example of tmhda salt
(Tetramethylhexamethylenediammonium) -- X-Ray diffuse scattering study of iodine chains in (TTT)2 I3+? -- Effects of disorder on the thermoelectric power and electrical conductivity of TTT2I3 -- Preparation, structure, and electrical
conduction properties of quasi one dimensional platino-oxalates -- Electrical conductivity studies of K1.75[Pt(CN)4]1.5H2O ? K(def)CP. -- Phonon dispersion and neutron scattering law S(k,?) for a quasi-one-dimensional Peierls-system --
Interpretation of the infrared and Resonance Raman spectra of linear mixed valence compounds -- Evidence for a new type of orientational antiphase structure in platinum chain compounds -- Raman scattering and luminescence in
K1.75Pt(CN)4·1.5H2O (K(def)TCP) -- Multiple band electron-phonon transport theory in A15-compounds -- Mean field theory of a one-dimensional band conductor, with arbitrary band filling -- Conductivity of quasi-one-dimensional metal
system with random impurities -- Disordered 1D conductors -- Disordered magnetic chain behavior of quinolinium (TCNQ)2 and related materials at low temperatures -- Band filling, mobility and disorder in molecular conductors --
Transport and magnetic properties of a doped organic semiconductor — TTF with bromine -- Effects of impurities on the ordered phases of one-dimensional systems -- The effects of a low temperature irradiation on TTF-TCNQ and related
compounds -- One dimensional spin glasses with antiferromagnetic exchange -- Magnetism in one-dimensional disordered systems -- Electron transmission and wave propagation through one dimensional disordered system -- Localization of
spin waves in a dilute magnet near the percolation threshold -- Molecular substitutional disorder in solid solutions of TTF-TCNQ and TSeF-TCNQ -- Low temperature magnetic susceptibility of three complex tcnq salts with asymetric donors
-- Low temperature magnetic susceptibility of the organic alloy NMP0.63phenazine0.37TCNQ -- Charge transfer c0mplexes of ferrocenes and TCNQ -- Some charge transfer salts of fluorinated TCNQ mott insulators isostructural with organic
conductors -- ACP(CL), a close analogue of KCP(Br) -- Physical properties of organic metallic compounds : radical-cations salts of TTT and TSeT with iodine -- The physical and chemical properties of the reaction product between
trimethylammonium iodide and TCNQ. a ternary 1-D semiconductor with ‘metal-like’ conductivity -- Salts of TCNQ and heterocyclic amnes conjugated acids — New organic conductors via redox-reaction : Heterocyclic amines — TCNQ —
hydroquinone -- Highly conducting salt: Tetpaphenyldithiadipyranylidene-iodine, dipsø4/I2.28 -- Optical and transport properties of TTT IxBr1.5?x alloys -- Semiconducting and metallic organic polymers: Chemically doped polyacetylene,
(CH)x -- Transport properties of doped polyacetylene -- Properties of brominated (SN)x -- X-ray absorption in polymeric conductors -- Conductivity and magnetoresistance of the halogenated (SN)x-derivates: (SNBr0.4)x, (SNI0.02)x,
[SN(ICI)0.1]x -- Magnetic properties of filamentary superconductors -- (SN)x semiconductor solar cells -- Conducting polymers -- Electronic structure of trans- and cis-polyacetylene -- Hall effect in AsF5 doped polyacetylene, (CH)x --
Kohn anomalies in the phonon dispersion on polysulfur nitride, (SN)x -- The electrical conductivity of poly(sulphur nitride) at microwave frequencies -- Low temperature thermal conductivity of polysulfur nitride, (SN)x. -- Structure of
brominated (SN)x and S4N4 -- An electronic model for the high conductivity in brominated-(SN)x and in (SN)x under pressure -- Linear temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of brominated (SN)x -- Fluctuation magneto
conductivity of a finite fibre -- Role of symmetry in the study of quasi one-dimensional systems -- Graph-theoretical approach to the estimation of the energy gap of polymeric conjugated hydrocarbons -- Temperature dependence and
anisotropy of hc2 in superconducting (SN)x
ISBN:9783540353423
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 96
Keywords: Materials science , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials , Thin films , Materials Science , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642812286:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy Proceedings of the International Conference, and Symposium on Electron Tunneling University of Missouri-Columbia, USA, May 25–27, 1977
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (242 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81228-6
Contents:I. Review of Inelastic Electron Tunneling -- Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy (IETS) - Past and Future -- Survey of Applications of Tunneling Spectroscopy -- II. Applications of Inelastic Electron Tunneling -- Application of
IETS to Surface Chemistry and Heterogeneous Catalysis -- IETS with Applications to Biology and Surface Physics -- Application of IETS to Trace Substance Detection -- Application of IETS to the Study of Adhesion -- III. Theoretical
Aspects of Electron Tunneling -- Theoretical Interpretation of IETS Data -- A Model for Electron-Molecule Interaction in IETS -- Theory of Surface-Plasmon Excitation by Electron Tunneling -- Inelastic Scattering of Low Energy Electron
Beams by Surface Vibrations: The Nature of the Image Force -- Effect of Cooperative Behavior on Molecular Vibrational IETS Peak Intensities -- The Golden Rule Formalism in Electron Tunneling. Can It Be Justified? -- Calculations of
Inelastic Tunneling Cross Sections Using Self-Consistent Multiple Scattering Techniques -- IV. Discussions and Comments -- The Technology of IETS -- Problems in the Biological Sciences -- Relation of IETS to Other Surface Studies -- V.
Molecular Adsorption on Non-Metallic Surfaces -- Photoemission Studies of Molecular Adsorption on Oxide Surfaces -- Application of Neutron Scattering to the Study of the Structure and Dynamics of Short-Chain Hydrocarbons Adsorbed on
Small Particles -- VI. New Applications of IETS -- Study of Supported Catalyst Particles by Tunneling Spectroscopy -- External Doping of Tunnel Junctions -- Electronic Transitions Observed by Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy
-- Light Emission From Inelastic Tunneling - LEIT -- VII. Elastic Tunneling -- Zero Bias Anomalies in Tunneling: A Review -- Superconducting Tunneling -- Phonon Damping of Virtual Levels in Thick Superconducting Films -- Tunneling With
Spin Polarized Electrons -- Semiconductor Tunneling, Bound Levels and Band Structure -- Organization of Conference and Symposium -- Program of Conference -- Program of Symposium
ISBN:9783642812286
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 4
Keywords: Materials science , Physical chemistry , Superconductivity , Superconductors , Materials , Thin films , Materials Science , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9789401017893:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Magnetospheres of the Earth and Jupiter Proceedings of the Neil Brice Memorial Symposium, Held in Frascati, May 28–June 1, 1974
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (496 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-1789-3
Contents:I / The Magnetosphere of the Earth -- The Upstream Escape of Energized Solar Wind Protons from the Bow Shock -- Motions of the Earth’s Bow Shock -- On the Earth’s Bow Shock Motion and Speed -- The Calm and Turbulent State of the
Earth’s Magnetosheath from December 1968 Through March 1970 -- The Response of the Magnetosphere to the Solar Wind -- Substorm Effects on the Neutral Sheet Inside 10 Earth Radii -- The Plasma Sheet Boundary and Kp -- The Aurora -- Wave
Particle Interactions in the Outer Magnetosphere: A Review -- Drift of Particles and Wave-Particle Interactions -- Hot-Cold Plasma Interactions in the Earth’s Magnetosphere -- Concepts of Magnetospheric Convection -- Electric Field
Effects on the Access of Magnetosheath Plasma to the Distant Magnetotail -- Neutral Sheets -- Evidence for Magnetic Field Line Reconnection in the Solar Wind -- II / The Magnetosphere of Jupiter -- The Radio Astronomy of Jupiter --
Long Term Variations of the Decimetric Radio Emission of Jupiter (and Saturn?) -- Upper Limits to Jovian X-Ray Emission from the Uhuru Satellite -- Upper Limits for X-Ray Emission from Jupiter as Measured from the Copernicus Satellite
-- Jupiter and Saturn -- Photochemistry of Hydrocarbons in the Jovian Upper Atmosphere -- Solar Wind Heating at Mid-Heliospheric Distances Due to Secondary Ions -- The Pioneer 10 Plasma Analyzer Results at Jupiter -- Pioneer 10
Observations of the Solar Wind and Its Interaction with Jupiter: Plasma Electron Results -- Observations in Interplanetary Space of Relativistic Electrons from Jupiter -- On the Distortion of the Jovian Magnetic Field for R?40 RJ as
Deduced from Charged Particles Studies -- Pioneer 10 Observations of the Jovian Magnetosphere Plasma Electron Results -- Characteristics of the Jovian Trapped Electrons and Protons for R?20 RJ and Their Interaction with Io --
Observations of Jovian Accelerated Particles Both Inside and Outside the Jovian Magnetosphere: Results from the Goddard-U. of New Hampshire Experiment on Pioneer 10 -- Pioneer 10: Observations of Energetic Electrons in the Jovian
Magnetosphere -- Io Accelerated Electrons and Ions -- Dénouement of Jovian Radiation Belt Theory -- Magnetospheres of Earth and Jupiter after Pioneer 10 -- Is Jupiter the Cosmic Ray Source in Our Solar System? -- The Magnetospheres of
Jupiter and Saturn -- Is Jupiter’s Magnetosphere Like a Pulsar’s or Earth’s? -- Index of Names
ISBN:9789401017893
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space Science and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 52
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9781468428629:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Dynamics of Pesticides
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (387 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2862-9
Contents:Environmental Dynamics of Pesticides: An Overview -- Chemicals in the Air: The Atmospheric System and Dispersal of Chemicals -- Determination of Pesticides and Their Transformation Products in Air -- Dynamic Aspects of Pesticide
Photodecomposition -- Vaporization of Chemicals -- Modeling of Atmospheric Behavior: A Submodel of the Dynamics of Pesticides -- Role of Adsorption in Studying the Dynamics of Pesticides in a Soil Environment -- The Interpretation of
Soil Leaching Experiments -- Principles of Pesticide Degradation in Soil -- Modeling of Pesticides in the Aqueous Environment -- Accumulation of Chemicals in the Hydrosphere -- Estimation of Soil Parathion Residues in the San Joaquin
Valley, California--A Simulation Study -- Partitioning and Uptake of Pesticides in Biological Systems -- International Dynamics of Pesticide Poisoning -- Detoxication of Pesticides by Biota -- Nonenzymic Effects of Pesticides on
Membranes -- Physiological Effects of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons on Avian Species -- Synthesis of the Symposium: Environmental Dynamics of Pesticides -- List of Contributors
ISBN:9781468428629
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 6
Keywords: Life sciences , Plant pathology , Life Sciences , Plant Pathology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9781468428773:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Permeability of Plastic Films and Coatings To Gases, Vapors, and Liquids
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (482 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2877-3
Contents:Fundamentals -- Interaction between Penetration Sites in Diffusion through thin Membranes -- Steady State Transport Phenomena in Non-Ideal Permeant-Polymer Systems -- Diffusive Transport in Swollen Polymer Membranes -- Generalized
Dual Sorption Theory -- Diffusion in Glassy Polymers -- Super Case II Transport of Organic Vapors in Glassy Polymers -- Correlations between Entropic and Energetic Parameters for Diffusion in Polymers -- Formal Theory of Diffusion
through Membranes -- Polyethylene-Nylon 6 Graft Copolymers I. Mechanical Properties and Permeability Characteristics of Copolymers Prepared by Anionic and and Cationic Initiated Processes -- The Influence of Drawing on the Transport
Properties of Gases and Vapors in Polymers -- Modification of Polymer Membrane Permeability by Graft Copolymerization -- The Sorption and Diffusion of Water in Polyurethane Elastomers -- Water Vapor Transport in Hydrophilic
Polyurethanes -- Effect of Thickness on Permeability -- Effects of Stereoregularity and Polymer Size on the Diffusion of Benzene in Polyvinyl Acetate -- A Discussion of Theoretical Models of Anomalous Diffusion of Vapors in Polymers --
Transport Behaviour of Asymmetric Cellulose Acetate Membranes in Dialysis and Hyperfiltration -- Industrial Membrane and Barrier Film Applications -- The Effect of Transport Phenomena on the Shelf Life of a Plastic Carbonated Beverage
Bottle -- The Use of Low Permeation Thermoplastics in Food and Beverage Packaging -- Experimental Support of “Dual Sorption” in Glassy Polymers -- Transport Properties of Oriented Poly(Vinyl Chloride) -- Barrier Properties of Earth
Lining for Pollution Control -- Spontaneous Polymerization of 4-Vinyl Pyridine for Hollow Fiber Ion Exchangers -- Particle Collection from Aqueous Suspensions by Permeable Hollow Fibers -- Separation of Hydrocarbons by Selective
Permeation through Polymeric Membranes -- Thin-Film Composite Membrane Performance in a Spiral-Wound Single-Stage Reverse Osmosis Seawater Pilot Plant -- The Evolution of Phase Inversion Membranes -- Membrane-Moderated Biomedical
Devices -- Therapeutic Systems for Controlled Administration of Drugs: A New Application of Membrane Science -- Permeability Studies with Hemodialysis Membranes -- Preparation and Application of Radiation-Grafted Hydrogels as
Biomaterials -- Improvement of Blood Compatibility of Membranes by Discharge Polymerization -- Biomedical Applications of Anisotropic Membranes
ISBN:9781468428773
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Polymer Science and Technology : 6
Keywords: Chemistry , Polymers , Chemistry , Polymer Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9781468421033:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (397 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2103-3
Contents:Session I — Introduction Density Measurements Session Chairman -- Laser Raman Scattering Applications -- Analysis of Raman Contours in Vibration-Rotation Spectra -- Measurement of Aircraft Turbine Engine Exhaust Emissions -- The Use
of a Fabry-Perot Interferometer for Studying Rotational Raman Spectra of Gases -- Gas Concentration Measurement by Coherent Raman Anti-Stokes Scattering -- Session II — Temperature Measurements Chemistry Session Chairman -- Flame
Temperatures from Vibrational Raman Scattering -- Measurement of Vibrational and Rotational-Translational Temperatures Independently from Pure Rotational Raman Spectra -- Raman Scattering and Fluorescence Studies of Flames --
Measurement of Rotational Temperatures by Raman Spectroscopy: Application of Raman Spectroscopy to the Acquisition of Thermodynamic Values in a Chemical System -- Transient Flow Field Temperature Profile Measurement Using Rotational
Raman Spectroscopy -- Low Temperature Measurements by Rotational Raman Scattering -- Session III — Resonance Effects Remote Probes Experimental Advances Session Chairman -- Light-Scattering and Fluorescence in the Approach to Resonance
— Stronger Probing Processes -- Observation of S-Band Heads in the Resonance Raman Spectrum of Iodine Vapor -- Remote Raman Scattering Probes -- Rapid and Ultra Rapid Raman Spectroscopy -- Electronic Signal Processing for Raman
Scattering Measurements -- Session IV — Technology Applications Session Chairman -- Introductory Remarks for Session on Technological Applications of Raman Scattering, with Emphasis on Fluid Mechanics and Combustion -- Laser Raman
Scattering — A Technique for Arc-Tunnel Flow Calibration -- Results of Recent Applications of Raman Scattering to Research Problems at NASA Langley Research Center -- Raman Scattering Measurements of Mean Values and Fluctuations in
Fluid Mechanics -- Raman Gas Mixing Measurements and Ramanography -- Raman Scattering with High Gain Multiple-Pass Cells -- Preliminary Results of Raman Scattering Diagnostics of Expansion Flows -- Study of Reactions Producing
Vibrationally-Excited Nitrogen -- Application of Raman Scattering to Gasdynamic Flows -- Remote Raman Temperature Measurement with a Dye Laser -- Raman Spectroscopy of Some Hydrocarbons and Freons in the Gas Phase -- The Possible
Application of Raman Scattering Measurements to Turbulent Mixing Layers -- Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy -- List of Attendees -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468421033
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:QD412.B1T56::1991 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organic synthesis : the roles of boron and silicon
Author(s): Susan E. Thomas
Date:1991
Publisher:Oxford : Oxford University Press
Size:91 p
Contents:Hydroboration -- Reactions of organoboranes -- Further reactions of organoboranes -- Organoboron routes to unsaturated hydrocarbons -- Allylboranes and borane enolates -- Boronic ester homologation -- Properties of organosilicon compounds -- Protect ion of hydroxy groups as silyl ethers -- Silyl enol ethers and related silyl ethers -- Alkene synthesis (Peterson olefination) -- Alkynyl-, vinyl-, and arylsilanes -- Allysilanes and acylsilanes
ISBN:9780198556626
Keywords: Organoboron compounds , Organosilicon compounds , Organic compounds
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