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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD INTERNAL MEDICINE *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/5270.34 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword internal medicine ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461439004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using R [electronic resource] : A Step-by-Step Approach
Author(s): Andrzej Gaecki
Tomasz Burzykowski
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Linear mixed-effects models (LMMs) are an important class of statistical models that can be used to analyze correlated data. Such data are encountered in a variety of fields including biostatistics, public health, psychometrics,educational measuremen t, and sociology. This book aims to support a wide range of uses for the models by applied researchers in those and other fields by providing state-of-the-art descriptions of the implementation of LMMs in R. Tohelp readers to get familiar with the feature s of the models and the details of carrying them out in R, the book includes a review of the most important theoretical concepts of the models. The presentation connects theory, software andapplications. It is built up incrementally, starting with a summa ry of the concepts underlying simpler classes of linear models like the classical regression model, and carrying them forward to LMMs. A similar step-by-step approach isused to describe the R tools for LMMs. All the classes of linear models presented in t he book are illustrated using real-life data. The book also introduces several novel R tools for LMMs, including new class of variance-covariancestructure for random-effects, methods for influence diagnostics and for power calculations. They are included into an R package that should assist the readers in applying these and other methods presented in this text. Andrzej Gaeckiis a Research Professor in the Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, and Institute of Gerontology at the University of Michigan Medical School, and is Research Scientist in the Department of Biostatistics atthe University of Michigan School of Public Health. He earned his M.Sc. in applied mathematics (1977) from the Technical University of Warsaw, Poland, an d an M.D. (1981) from the Medical University of Warsaw. In 1985 he earned a Ph.D.in epidemiology from the Institute of Mother and Child Care in Warsaw (Poland). He is a member of the Editorial Board o
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Linear Models for Independent Observations
Linear Fixed
effects Models for Correlated Data
Linear Mixed
effects Models
ISBN:9781461439004
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642179525:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Rudolf Mssbauer Story [electronic resource] His Scientific Work and Its Impact on Science and History
Author(s): Michael Kalvius
Paul Kienle
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Rudolf Mssbauer Story recounts the history of the discovery of the Mssbauer Effect in 1958 by Rudolf Mssbauer as a graduate student of Heinz Maier-Leibnitz for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1961 whenhe was 32 years old. The development of numerous applications of the Mssbauer Effect in many fields of sciences , such as physics, chemistry, biology and medicine is reviewed by experts who contributed to this wide spread research.In 1978 Mssbauer focused his research interest on a new field Ne utrino Oscillations and later on the study of the properties of the neutrinos emitted by the sun
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:How the Mssbauer Story started in Munich
Discovery of the Mssbauer
Effect and its Early History
Discovery of the Recoil Free Resonance Absorption of Gamma
Rays
The Iridium and Early Iron Age
Identification of Hyperfine Interactions in the Mssbauer Spectra
Other Important Mssbauer Transitions
CALTECH Years of Rudolf Mssbauer
Selected Highlights of Mssbauer Spectroscopy
Determination of the Nuclear Parameters of Many Mssbauer
Transitions
Isomer Shifts in Solid State Chemistry
Internal Fields
Time
Dependent Effect
Medical and Biological Applicatio
ISBN:9783642179525
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400702479:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radiation Protection in Medical Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yves Lemoigne
Alessandra Caner
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book introduces the fundamental aspects of Radiation Protection in Medical Physics and covers three main themes: General Radiation Protection Principles Radiobiology Principles Radiation Protection in Hospital MedicalPhysics. Each of these topic s is developed by analysing the underlying physics principles and their implementation, quality and safety aspects, clinical performance and recent advances in the field. Some issues specific to theindividual techniques are also treated, e.g. calculation of patient dose as well as that of workers in hospital, optimisation of equipment used, shielding design of radiation facilities, radiation in oncology such as use ofbrachytherapy in gynecology or interventional procedures. All topics are presented with d idactical language and style, making this book an appropriate reference for students and professionals seeking a comprehensive introduction to thefield as well as a reliable overview of the most recent developments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface. List of Participants. Photographs. General Radiation Protection Principles. Internal Safety Standards
Radiation Units, Limits & Dose Constraints
Radiobiology Principles. Molecular Aspects of Radiation Biology
Radiobiology in Radiotherapy
Radiation Protection Application in Hospital Medical Physics. General Principles of Risk Assessment for Ionising Radiation
Radiation Protection of the Workers and the Public from Exposed Patients
Installation Shielding in Diagnostic Radiology and Computed Tomography
Acceptability Criteria, Justification and Ethical Issues in Using
ISBN:9789400702479
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500 : v1
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Radiology, Medical , Interventional radiology , Nuclear medicine , Radiotherapy , Oncology , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048130979:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radiotherapy and Brachytherapy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yves Lemoigne
Alessandra Caner
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume collects a series of lectures presented at the tenth ESI School held at Archamps (FR) in November 2007 and dedicated to radiotherapy and brachytherapy. The lectures focus on the multiple facets of radiotherapy ingeneral, including externa l radiotherapy (often called teletherapy) as well as internal radiotherapy (called brachytherapy). Radiotherapy strategy and dose management as well as the decisive role of digital imaging in the associatedclinical practice are developed in several articl es. Grouped under the discipline of Conformal Radiotherapy (CRT), numerous modern techniques, from Multi-Leaf Collimators (MLC) to Intensity Modulated RadioTherapy (IMRT), are explainedin detail. The importance of treatment planning based upon patient dat a from digital imaging (Computed Tomography) is also underlined. Finally, despite the quasi- totality of patients being presently treated with gamma and X-rays,novel powerful tools are emerging using proton and light ions (like carbon ions) beams, bound t o become more and more important in patient treatment. These technological developments, going under the comprehensive name ofHadrontherapy, are presented here with special focus on the rational and state of the art of the field. All topics are presented with didactical language and styles, making this book an appropriate reference for students andprofessionals seeking a comprehensive introduction to the field as well as a reliable outlook on the most recent developments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface. List of participants. Photographs. I: Introduction To Radiotherapy. Fundamental Radiobiology and its Application to Radiation Oncology
Accuracy Strategies in Radiotherapy
2: X
Rays Teletherapy. Dosimetry for Photons and Electrons Radiation
Nomenclature in Radiotherapy
Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy Accidents
Clinical Applications of 3
D Conformal Radiotherapy
Treatment Planning: IMRT Optimization
Basic and Advanced Techniques
Treatment Planning: Stereotactic Treatment Techniques
Image Guided Radiotherapy
Clinical Use of 3
D Image Registration
ISBN:9789048130979
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Nuclear medicine , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9788847011526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cardiovascular Mathematics [electronic resource] : Modeling and simulation of the circulatory system
Author(s): Luca Formaggia
Alfio Quarteroni
Alessandro Veneziani
Date:2009
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Cardiovascular diseases have a major impact in Western countries. Mathematical models and numerical simulations can help the understanding of physiological and pathological processes, complementing the information provided tomedical doctors by medica l imaging and other non-invasive means, and opening the possibility of a better diagnosis and more in-depth surgical planning.This book offers a mathematically sound and up-to-date foundation to the training ofresearchers, and serves as a useful reference for the development of mathematical models and numerical simulation codes. It is structured into different chapters, written by recognized experts in the field, and however it features acommon thread, with consistency of notation and expressions and syst ematic cross-referencing. Many fundamental issues are faced, such as: the mathematical representation of vascular geometries extracted from medical images, modellingblood rheology and the complex multilayer structure of the vascular tissue, and its possib le pathologies, the mechanical and chemical interaction between blood and vascular walls the different scales coupling local and systemicdynamics. All of these topics introduce challenging mathematical and numerical problems, demanding for advanced analys is and simulation techniques. This book is addressed to graduate students and researchers in the field ofbioengineering, applied mathematics and medicine, wishing to engage themselves in the fascinating task of modeling how the cardiovascular system works
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Physiology and pathology of the cardiovascular system: A physical perspective
Basic mathematical models and motivations
The derivation of the equations for fluids and structure
From image data to computational domains
Geometry and flow
Rheological models for blood
Mathematical models of mass transfer in the vascular walls
Analysis of coupled models for fluid
structure interaction of internal flows
Algorithms for fluid
structure interaction problems
Reduced models of the cardiovascular system
Multiscale models of the vascular system
Applications and test cases
ISBN:9788847011526
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:MS&A : v1
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Cardiology , Differential equations, partial , Biology Mathematics , Physiology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387685601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Survival and Event History Analysis [electronic resource] : A Process Point of View
Author(s): Odd O Aalen
rnulf Borgan
Hkon K Gjessing
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Time-to-event data are ubiquitous in fields such as medicine, biology, demography, sociology, economics and reliability theory. Recently, a need to analyze more complex event histories has emerged. Examples are individuals thatmove among several stat es, frailty that makes some units fail before others, internal time-dependent covariates, and the estimation of causal effects from observational data. The aim of this book is to bridge the gap between standardtextbook models and a range of models where t he dynamic structure of the data manifests itself fully. The common denominator of such models is stochastic processes. The authors show how counting processes, martingales, and stochasticintegrals fit very nicely with censored data. Beginning with standa rd analyses such as Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regression, the presentation progresses to the additive hazard model and recurrent event data. Stochastic processes arealso used as natural models for individual frailty they allow sensible interpretations of a number of surprising artifacts seen in population data. The stochastic process framework is naturally connected to causality. The authors showhow dynamic path analyses can incorporate many modern causality ideas in a framework that takes the time aspec t seriously. To make the material accessible to the reader, a large number of practical examples, mainly from medicine, aredeveloped in detail. Stochastic processes are introduced in an intuitive and non-technical manner. The book is aimed at investigator s who use event history methods and want a better understanding of the statistical concepts. It issuitable as a textbook for graduate courses in statistics and biostatistics. Odd O. Aalen is professor of medical statistics at the University of Oslo, Norwa y. His Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975 introducedcounting processes and martingales in event history analysis. He has also contributed to numerous other areas of event history
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:An introduction to survival and event history analysis
Stochastic processes in event history analysis
Nonparametric analysis of survival and event history data
Regression models
Parametric counting process models
Unobserved heterogeneity: The odd effects of frailty
Multivariate frailty models
Marginal and dynamic models for recurrent events and clustered survival data
Causality
First passage time models: Understanding the shape of the hazard rate
Diffusion and Lvy process models for dynamic frailty
ISBN:9780387685601
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Epidemiology , Distribution (Probability theory) , System safety , Econometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387728995:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:evaluating clinical research [electronic resource] : All that glitters is not gold
Author(s): Bengt D Furberg
Curt D Furberg
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The objective of this book is to make its readers better informed and more critical consumers of clinical research to help them recognize the strengths and the weaknesses of scientific publications. In doing so, the reader willbe able to distinguish patient-important and methodologically sound studies from those having limitations in design, conduct and interpretation. There are no prerequisites for reading this book. The text is basic and has no statisticalformulas. Key take-home messages are listed at the end of each chapter. The large number of cartoons has two purposes: First, to make the text easier to read and generate a few laughs and, second, to underscore specific points,sometimes in a provocative way. Bengt D. Furberg, MD, PhD is board-cert ified in internal medicine. After spending a decade as medical director in the pharmaceutical industry, he now serves as medical consultant, evaluating the safetyand efficacy of pharmaceutical products and medical devices and promoting evidence-based medi cine. His brother, Curt D. Furberg, MD, PhD, is Professor in the Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School ofMedicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. After arriving in the United States from Sweden, he worked at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health for 12 years. He is co-author of Fundamentals ofClinical Trials with Lawrence M. Friedman and David L. DeMets. His areas of interest are clinical trials, evidence-based medicine and drug safety. The authors have acquired much of their knowledge about clinical studies through thetrial and error method. Thus, they have personal experience with many of the problems they describe
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is the Purpose of This Book?
Why is Benefit
to
Harm Balance Essential to Treatment Decisions?
What are the Strengths of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials?
What are the Weaknesses of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials?
Do Meta
Analyses Provide the Ultimate Truth?
What are the Strengths of Observational Studies?
What are the Weaknesses of Observational Studies?
Were the Scientific Questions Specified in Advance?
Were the Treatment Groups Comparable Initially?
Why is Blinding/Masking So Important?
How is Symptomatic Improvement Measured?
is it Really P
ISBN:9780387728995
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Toxicology , Quality of Life , Quality of Life Research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387377407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanobiotechnology of Biomimetic Membranes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Donald K Martin
Date:2007
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:About the Series: Fundamental Biomedical Technologies features titles in multidisciplinary, technology-driven areas, providing the foundations for breakthrough advances in medicine and biology. The term technology refers, in avigorously unrestrictive sense, to a broad array of engineering disciplines, the sciences of computation and informatics, mathematical models exploiting and advancing methods of mathematical physics, and the development of novel,experimental discovery devices. Titles in this ser ies are designed and selected to provide high-level visionary input for specialists, while presenting overviews of emerging fields for those in related areas. Volumes in this series aimto provide technologists with the material to gain competent entry int o biomedical research and biomedical researchers to understand and embrace novel technological foundations and tools. About the Series Editor: Mauro Ferrari is aprofessor in the Brown Institute of Molecular Medicine, a professor of internal medicine in th e division of cardiology, and the chairman of the department of biomedical engineering at the University of Texas Health Science Center inHouston, Texas. He holds concurrent professor appointments at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center as professor of experim ental therapeutics, and at Rice University in bioengineering. Dr. Ferrari is the current President of the Alliance forNanoHealth and he has spearheaded the development of the National Cancer Institutes nanotechnology programs. Dr. Ferrari is also the foun der and Editor-in-Chief of Springers archival journal Biomedical Microdevices.Nanobiotechnology of Biomimetic Membranes Donald Martin, Editor Nanobiotechnology of Biomimetic Membranes focuses on biomimetic membranes, one of the fundamental building blocks of nanobiotechnology. The application of nanotechnologyprinciples and methodology to problems in biotechnology provides an exciting new discipline that will generate a revolution of novel applica
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Significance of Biomimetic Membrane Nanobiotechnology to Biomedical Applications
Langmuir
Blodgett technique for Synthesis o fbiomimetic lipid membranes
Liposome techniques for synthesis of biomimetic lipid membranes
Characterization and analysis of biomimetic membranes
Biomimetic membranes in biosensor applications
ISBN:9780387377407
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Biomedical Technologies, 1559-7083 : v1
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Medicine , Cytology , Biomedical engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783540490388:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Diffusion Processes: Experiment, Theory, Simulations Proceedings of the Vth Max Born Symposium Held at Kudowa, Poland, 1–4 June 1994
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (312 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0031114
Contents:Selfdiffusion of polymer chains in solutions and melts -- Diffusion on fractal substrates -- Stellar diffusion -- Surface diffusion and lateral interactions in adsorbed layers -- Simple quantum dynamics in presence of topological
disorder -- Initially-separated reaction-diffusion systems: theory and experiment -- Anomalous reaction-diffusion systems -- Some aspects of pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems -- Interface bursting and interface depinning
-- Criticality of self-avoiding walks in fractal porous media -- Fractals in biology and medicine -- Diffusion of lattice gases in disordered lattices -- Single-ion random walk on a lattice in an attractive coulomb cutoff potential --
A model for the underpotential deposition of metals -- Oxygen diffusion in 123-YBCO -- Gating of voltage-dependent sodium channels in excitable membranes - a continuous process? -- The Schrödinger problem -- Fractal dimension and
roughness of profiles and surfaces -- Competition between two kinds of entities in a Diffusion—Limited Aggregration process -- Diffusion models of internal dynamics of proteins -- IV-th max born symposium: Solid state physics I
ISBN:9783540490388
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 438
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Thermodynamics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783034885010:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fractals in Biology and Medicine
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (397 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8501-0
Contents:Preface: Summary of the Symposium -- The Significance of Fractals for Biology and Medicine. An Introduction and Summary -- Fractal Geometry and Biomedical Sciences7 -- A Fractal’s Lacunarity, and how it can be Tuned and Measured --
Spatial and Temporal Fractal Patterns in Cell and Molecular Biology -- Chaos, Noise and Biological Data -- Fractal Landscapes in Physiology & Medicine: Long-Range Correlations in DNA Sequences and Heart Rate Intervals -- Fractals in
Biological Design and Morphogenesis -- Design of Biological Organisms and Fractal Geometry -- Fractal and Non-Fractal Growth of Biological Cell Systems -- Evolutionary Meaning, Functions and Morphogenesis of Branching Structures in
Biology -- Relationship Between the Branching Pattern of Airways and the Spatial Arrangement of Pulmonary Acini — A Re-Examination from a Fractal Point of View -- Multivariate Characterization of Blood Vessel Morphogenesis in the Avian
Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM): Cell Proliferation, Length Density and Fractal Dimension -- Phyllotaxis or Self-Similarity in Plant Morphogenesis -- Fractals in Molecular and Cell Biology -- Evolutionary Interplay Between Spontaneous
Mutation and Selection: Aleatoric Contributions of Molecular Reaction Mechanisms -- Error Propagation Theory of Chemically Solid Phase Synthesized Oligonucleotides and DNA Sequences for Biomedical Application -- Fractional Relaxation
Equations for Protein Dynamics -- Measuring Fractal Dimensions of Cell Contours: Practical Approaches and their Limitations -- Fractal Properties of Pericellular Membrane from Lymphocytes and Leukemic Cells -- Cellular Sociology:
Parametrization of Spatial Relationships Based on Voronoi Diagram and Ulam Trees -- A Fractal Analysis of Morphological Differentiation of Spinal Cord Neurons in Cell Culture -- Fractal Dimensions and Dendritic Branching of Neurons in
the Somatosensory Thalamus -- Fractal Structure and Metabolic Functions -- Organisms as Open Systems -- Transfer to and across Irregular Membranes Modelled by Fractal Geometry -- Scaling and Active Surface of Fractal Membranes --
Structure Formation in Excitable Media -- Colony Morphology of the Fungus Aspergillus Oryzae -- Estimation of the Correlation Dimension of All-Night Sleep EEG Data with a Personal Super Computer -- Fractals in Pathology -- Changes in
Fractal Dimension of Trabecular Bone in Osteoporosis: A Preliminary Study -- Use of the Fractal Dimension to Characterize the Structure of Cancellous Bone in Radiographs of the Proximal Femur -- Distribution of Local-Connected Fractal
Dimension and the Degree of Liver Fattiness from Ultrasound -- Fractal Dimension as a Characterisation Parameter of Premalignant and Malignant Epithelial Lesions of the Floor of the Mouth -- Modelling -- Modelling HIV/AIDS Dynamics --
Morphological Diagnosis Turns from Gestalt to Geometry -- Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching Studied by Total Internal Reflection Microscopy: An Experimental System for Studies on Living Cells in Culture -- Anomalous Diffusion
and Angle-Dependency in the Theory of Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching -- List of Speakers -- List of Participants
ISBN:9783034885010
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Life sciences , Health informatics , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences , Health Informatics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642753015:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Vertically Transmitted Diseases Models and Dynamics
Author(s): Stavros Busenberg
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (248 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-75301-5
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 What is Vertical Transmission? -- 1.2 Methodology, Terminology and Notation -- 1.3 Examples of Vertically Transmitted Diseases -- 1.4 Organization and Principal Results -- 2 Differential Equations Models -- 2.1 A
Classical Model Extended -- 2.2 Some Biological and Modeling Considerations -- 2.3 Model Without Immune Class -- 2.4 Discussion of the Global Result -- 2.5 Proofs of the Results -- 2.6 No Horizontal Transmission -- 2.7 The Model with
Immune Class -- 2.8 The Case of Constant Population -- 2.9 A Model with Vaccination -- 2.10 Models with Latency or Maturation Time -- 2.11 Models with Density Dependent Death Rate -- 2.12 Parameter Estimation -- 2.13 Models of Chagas’
Disease -- 2.14 An SIRS Model with Proportional Mixing -- 2.15 Evolution of Viruses -- 2.16 The Mathematical Background -- 3 Difference Equations Models -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 A Model for the Transmission of Keystone Virus -- 3.3
Population Size Control via Vertical Transmission -- 3.4 Vertical Transmission in Insect Populations -- 3.5 Logistic Control in the Reproduction Rate -- 3.6 Logistic Control through the Death Terms -- 3.7 Mathematical Background -- 4
Delay Differential Equations Models -- 4.1 The Role of Delays in Epidemic Models -- 4.2 A Model with Maturation Delays -- 4.3 Delays Due to Partial Immunity -- 4.4 Delay Due to an Incubation Period -- 4.5 A Model with Spatial Diffusion
-- 4.6 Diseases with Long Subclinical Periods -- 4.7 Mathematical Background -- 5 Age and Internal Structure -- 5.1 Age Structure and Vertical Transmission -- 5.2 Modeling Internal Structure -- 5.3 Derivation of the Model Equations --
5.4 Age Structure and the Catalytic Curve -- 5.5 An s ? i Model with Vertical Transmission -- 5.6 Analysis of the Intracohort Model -- 5.7 Analysis of the Intercohort s ? i ? s Model -- 5.8 Numerical Simulations -- 5.9 Global Behavior
of the s ? i ? s Model -- 5.10 Destabilization Due to Age Structure -- 5.11 Thresholds in Age Dependent Models -- 5.12 Spatial Structure -- 5.13 The Force of Infection Terms -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642753015
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Biomathematics: 23
Keywords: Mathematics , Internal medicine , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Internal Medicine
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642847813:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution of Dynamical Structures in Complex Systems Proceedings of the International Symposium Stuttgart, July 16–17, 1992
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (137 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-84781-3
Contents:I General Approaches -- On the Principles of Synergetics -- Elements of a Synergetics of Evolutionary Processes -- Nonequilibrium Potentials -- II Lasers and Nonlinear Optics -- Spatio-Temporal Instabilities in Nonlinear Optical
Systems -- The Laser with a Saturable Absorber: A Paradigm for the Study of Laser Instabilities -- Dislocations in Laser Fields -- On the Role of Noise in Nonlinear Optics -- III Fluid Dynamics and Solid State Physics -- Pattern
Formation in Fluids — Variational and Non-Variational Models -- Dynamic Theory of Planetary Magnetism and Laboratory Experiments -- Influence of Colored Noise on Energy Transport and Optical Line Shapes in Dimers -- IV Biology and
Medicine -- Coordination Dynamics of Human Brain and Behavior -- Brain Electric Fields and Brain Functional States -- Synergetic Analysis of Human Electroencephalograms: Petit-Mal Epilepsy -- Synergetics, Resonance Phenomena and Brain
Internal Codes -- Synergetics, Self-Simplification, and the Ability to Undo -- V Artificial Intelligence and Synergetic Computers -- Artificial Life: An Engineering Perspective -- Path Finding with a Network of Oscillators --
Synergetic Approach to Phenomena of Perception in Natural and Artificial Systems -- VI Psychology and Social Sciences -- Application of Synergetics to Psychology -- Organization and Self-Organization -- VII Epistemology -- Schelling’s
Concept of Self-Organization -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642847813
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 69
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642514777:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling HIV Transmission and AIDS in the United States
Author(s): Herbert W Hethcote
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (234 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-51477-7
Contents:1 Background on the Epidemiology and Modeling of HIV/AIDS -- 2 Modeling the Progression of HIV-Infected Persons to AIDS -- 3 Formulation of the Simulation Model for Homosexual Men -- 4 Mathematical Analysis of the Model for Homosexual
Men -- 5 Homosexual Men in San Francisco: Estimation of Parameters and Incidences -- 6 Homosexual Men in San Francisco: Simulations and Sensitivity Analysis -- 7 The HIV Transmission Dynamics Model for Five Major Risk Groups -- 8 Weak
Linkage between HIV Epidemics in Homosexual Men and Intravenous Drug Users in New York City -- 9 Racial/Ethnic Patterns of AIDS in the United States -- 10 Regional Comparisons of HIV and AIDS in Risk Groups -- Appendix: Listing of
Computer Programs Used in Chapter 10 -- References
ISBN:9783642514777
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 95
Keywords: Mathematics , Immunology , Internal medicine , Biomathematics , Statistics , Anthropology , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics , Immunology , Anthropology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Internal Medicine
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783642972942:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Foundations of Synergetics II Complex Patterns
Author(s): Alexander S Mikhailov
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (210 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97294-2
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Chaotic Dynamics -- 1.2 Noise-Induced Complex Patterns -- 1.3 Chaos and Self-Organization -- 2. Unpredictable Dynamics -- 2.1 Hamiltonian Systems -- 2.2 Destruction of Tori -- 2.3 Ergodicity and Mixing -- 3.
Strange Attractors -- 3.1 Dissipative Systems and Their Attractors -- 3.2 The Lorenz Model -- 3.3 Lyapunov Exponents -- 3.4 The Autocorrelation Function -- 4. Fractals -- 4.1 Self-Similar Patterns -- 4.2 Dimensions -- 4.3 Fractal
Dimensions of Strange Attractors -- 5. Discrete Maps -- 5.1 Fixed Points and Cycles -- 5.2 Chaotic Maps -- 5.3 Feigenbaum Universality -- 6. Routes to Temporal Chaos -- 6.1 Bifurcations -- 6.2 The Ruelle-Takens Scenario -- 6.3 Period
Doubling -- 6.4 Intermittency -- 7. Spatio-Temporal Chaos -- 7.1 Embedding Dimensions -- 7.2 Phase Turbulence -- 7.3 Coupled Chaotic Maps -- 8. Random Processes -- 8.1 Probabilistic Automata -- 8.2 Continuous Random Processes -- 8.3
The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 9. Active Systems with Noise -- 9.1 Generalized Brownian Motion -- 9.2 Internal Noise -- 9.3 Optimal Fluctuations -- 10. Population Explosions -- 10.1 Mean Ignition Time of Explosion -- 10.2 Intermittency
of Growth -- 10.3 Breeding Centers -- 11. Extinction and Long-Time Relaxation -- 11.1 Random Traps -- 11.2 Irreversible Annihilation -- 11.3 Conserved Quantities and Long-Time Relaxation -- 11.4 Stochastic Segregation and the
Sub-Poissonian Distribution -- 12. Catastrophes -- 12.1 Second-Order Phase Transitions -- 12.2 Sweeping Through the Critical Region -- 12.3 The Biased Transition -- 12.4 Population Settling-Down -- 12.5 Survival in the Fluctuating
Environment -- References
ISBN:9783642972942
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 52
Keywords: Physics , Microprocessors , Pattern recognition , Plant science , Botany , Biomathematics , Statistics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Processor Architectures , Pattern Recognition , Plant Sciences , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781468463910:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Depth Perception in Frogs and Toads A Study in Neural Computing
Author(s): Donald House
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (135 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-6391-0
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Modeling Depth Perception in Frogs and Toads -- 2.1 Previous Models of Depth Perception -- 2.2 Depth Perception in Frogs and Toads -- 2.3 Anatomy and Physiology -- 2.4 Functional Analysis of the Major Visuomotor
Centers -- 2.5 Modeling Assumptions -- 2.6 Conclusions -- 3 Monocular and Binocular Cooperation -- 3.1 Design of the Model -- 3.2 Methods -- 3.3 Results -- 3.4 Discussion -- 4 Localization of Prey -- 4.0.1 Background -- 4.0.2 Model
overview -- 4.1 Methods -- 4.2 Results -- 4.3 Discussion -- 5 Towards a Complete Model -- 5.1 The Cue Interaction and Prey Localization Models -- 5.2 An Extended Model of Accommodation Control -- 5.3 Experimental Verification of the
Models’ Depth Scale -- 5.4 Discussion -- 6 Conclusions -- 6.1 The Models and their Contributions -- 6.2 Suggestions for Animal Experiments -- 6.3 Suggestions for Robotic Algorithms -- A Modeling and Simulation Details -- A.1
Representation of a Neural Unit -- A.2 Representation of a Neural Layer -- A.3 Numerical Methods -- A.4 The Cue Interaction Model -- A.5 The Prey Localization Model -- B Simulation Optics -- B.1 Optical Geometry -- B.2 Representation
of Prisms -- B.3 Retinal Projections -- B.4 Disparity Input Planes -- B.5 Accommodation Input Planes -- B.6 Representation of Lenses -- B.7 Conversion from Internal to External Coordinates -- B.8 Nominal Parameter Settings
ISBN:9781468463910
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 80
Keywords: Medicine , Neurosciences , Artificial intelligence , Biomathematics , Biomedicine , Neurosciences , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400937512:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Autowave Processes in Kinetic Systems Spatial and Temporal Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine
Author(s): V. A Vasiliev
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (262 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3751-2
Contents:1 Autowave processes and their role in natural sciences -- 1.1 Autowaves in non-equilibrium systems -- 1.2 Mathematical model of an autowave system -- 1.3 Classification of autowave processes -- 1.4 Basic experimental data -- 2
Physical premises for the construction of basic models -- 2.1 Finite interaction velocity. Reduction of telegrapher’s equations -- 2.2 Nonlinear diffusion equation. Finite diffusion velocity -- 2.3 Diffusion in multicomponent
homogeneous systems -- 2.4 Integro-differential equations and their reduction to the basic model -- 2.5 Anisotropic and dispersive media -- 2.6 Examples of basic models for autowave systems -- 3 Ways of investigation of autowave
systems -- 3.1 Basic stages of investigation -- 3.2 A typical qualitative analysis of stationary solutions in the phase plane -- 3.3 Study of the stability of stationary solutions -- 3.4 Small-parameter method -- 3.5 Axiomatic approach
-- 3.6 Discrete models -- 3.7 Fast and slow phases of space-time processes -- 3.8 Group-theoretical approach -- 3.9 Numerical experiment -- 4 Fronts and pulses: elementary autowave structures -- 4.1 A stationary excitation front -- 4.2
A typical transient process -- 4.3 Front velocity pulsations -- 4.4 Stationary pulses -- 4.5 The formation of travelling pulses -- 4.6 Propagation of pulses in a medium with smooth inhomogeneities -- 4.7 Pulses in a medium with a
nonmonotonic dependence v = v(y) -- 4.8 Pulses in a trigger system -- 4.9 Discussion -- 5 Autonomous wave sources -- 5.1 Sources of echo and fissioning front types -- 5.2 Generation of a TP at a border between “slave” and “trigger”
media -- 5.3 Stable leading centres -- 5.4 Standing waves -- 5.5 Reverberators: a qualitative description -- 6 Synchronization of auto-oscillations in space as a self-organization factor -- 6.1 Synchronization in homogeneous systems --
6.2 Synchronization in inhomogeneous systems. Equidistant detuning case -- 6.3 Complex autowave regimes arising when synchronization is violated -- 6.4 A synchronous network of auto-oscillators in modern radio electronics -- 7
Spatially inhomogeneous stationary states: dissipative structures -- 7.1 Conditions of existence of stationary inhomogeneous solutions -- 7.2 Bifurcation of solutions and quasi-harmonical structures -- 7.3 Multitude of structures and
their stability -- 7.4 Contrast dissipative structures -- 7.5 Dissipative structures in systems with mutual diffusion -- 7.6 Localized dissipative structures -- 7.7 Self-organization in combustion processes -- 8 Noise and autowave
processes -- 8.1 Sources of noise in active kinetic systems and fundamental stochastic processes -- 8.2 Parametric and multiplicative fluctuations in local kinetic systems -- 8.3 The mean life time of the simplest ecological
prey-predator system -- 8.4 Internal noise in distributed systems and spatial self-organization -- 8.5 External noise and dissipative structures — linear theory -- 8.6 Nonlinear effects — the two-box model -- 8.7 Wave propagation and
phase transitions in media with distributed multiplicative noise -- 9 Autowave mechanisms of transport in living tubes -- 9.1 Autowaves in organs of the gastrointestinal tract -- 9.2 Waves in small blood-vessels with muscular walls --
9.3 Autowave phenomena in plasmodia of Myxomycetes -- Concluding Remarks -- References
ISBN:9789400937512
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematics and Its Applications, Soviet Series: 11
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Mathematics , Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781468453201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Symposium, July 14–6, 1986
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (692 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5320-1
Contents:A History of Acoustical Imaging -- Tomography and Image Reconstruction -- Diffraction Tomography with Multiple Scattering -- Arced Backprojection with an Efficient Computation for Ultrasound Reflection Mode Tomography -- Passive
Imaging Through Media with Distributed Inhomogeneities Using an Extension of the Phase Closure Technique -- Computation Simplification for High-Speed Acoustical Image Reconstruction -- A Frequency Diversity Method of Reducing Speckle
in Wideband Ultrasound Images -- Ultrasonic Phase Tomography for Medical Applications -- Tissue Characterization -- Improved Tissue Characterization Using Scattering Images -- Transient Acoustic Scattering in Dispersive Soft Tissue --
Estimation of Acoustic Attenuation in Diffuse Liver Disease: Can it Be Done With the Zero-Crossing Technique? -- Transducers and Arrays -- Calculation of Transient Radiation Fields from Axial Symmetric Sources -- Pulsed PVDF Transducer
Fields — Comparison of Theory and Experiment -- A New Technique for Characterizing Ultrasonic Transducers in Inhomogeneous Media -- Development of an Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducer for Inspecting the Wall Thickness of Offshore
Risers from the Inside -- Transducer Array for Ultrasound Holographic B-Scan Imaging -- Image and Signal Processing -- Accurate Reconstruction of Flaws in Materials Using a Synthetic Aperture Ultrasonic Imaging System -- Parametric
Approach on Field Propagation -- Performance of Fast Inverse Scattering Solutions for the Exact Helmholtz Equation Using Multiple Frequencies and Limited Views -- An ECG-Gated Colour Doppler Imaging System for Determination of Coronary
Bypass Graft Patency -- A Two-Dimensional PVDF Transducer Matrix as a Receiver in an Ultrasonic Transmission Camera -- A New Digital Scan Processor for Ultrasonic Imaging -- Direct Imaging -- A Real-Time Imaging System for
Non-Destructive Evaluation -- Implementation of a Real-Time Ultrasonic SAFT System for Inspection of Nuclear Reactor Components -- Flaw Identification in ALOK Imaging System -- A New Surface Acoustic Wave Imaging Technique --
Acoustical Imaging Techniques — Theoretical and Experimental Results -- A Flow Imaging and CW Spectral Analysis System -- Multidimensional Ultrasonic Heart Imaging -- Tomography -- Optimal Incident Angles in Scanning Tomographic
Microscopy -- Ultrasonic Reflection Tomography with a Transmitter — Receiver System -- Speckle in Ultrasound Computerized Reflection Mode Tomography -- Analysis of Inverse Scattering Solutions from Single Frequency, Combined
Transmission and Reflection Data for the Helmoholtz and Riccati Exact Wave Equations -- Attempt to Include Refraction in an Ultrasonic Tomography Algorithm -- Acoustical Microscopy -- Back-Projection Algorithms for a
Computer-Controlled Scaning Laser Acoustic Microscope -- Directional Acoustic Microscope with Electrical Reference Signals -- Focal Plane Detection in Acoustical Imaging -- Progress Toward a Practical 100 MHz Scanning Laser Tomographic
Acoustic Microscope -- Thermoacoustic Imaging Using a Laser Probe -- A High Performance Acoustic Microscope — Technical Aspects and Selected Applications -- Subsurface Imaging in Acoustic Microscopy -- Poster Session -- Relation
Between Spatial Frequency Sampling Window and Lateral Resolution in Backward Propagation Acoustical Imaging -- Applications of Digital Image Enhancement Techniques to the Ultrasonic NDE of Composite Materials -- Some Problems and
Experimental Results of Seismic Shallow Prospecting -- A Modified Sum Focussing Approach to Ultrasonic Speckle Reduction -- Dereverberation Techniques -- Polarity-Sensitive Detection of Pulsed Ultrasound Signals -- Ultrasonic Defects
Visualization in a Metal Block -- Generalized Holography as an Improved Version of Conventional Acoustical Holography -- Joint Fourier Transform Cross-Correlation for Liver Echotexture Classification -- A Two-Element Annular Array of
Short Fixed Focal Length for Dynamic Focussing -- Acoustic Imaging of Solid Objects in Air Using a Small Set of Transducers: III Experimental Demonstration -- Other Imaging Techniques -- A Broadband — Holography Imaging System for
Nondestructive Evaluation -- Efficient Acoustical Holography and Phase Imaging with High Resolution at 3.6 MHz Using a Liquid Crystal Converter -- NDE in Multilayers: Theory, Computer Simulation and Experiments -- Underwater Acoustic
Imaging -- Synthetic Aperture Sonar for Sub-Bottom Imaging -- Vertical Seismic Profiling Depth Migration of A Salt Dome Flank — A Summary -- A Sensor-Efficient Algorithm for Array Processing -- Acoustical Imaging and Point Processes --
High-Resolution Acoustical Image Reconstruction Algorithm for Finite-Size Objects: The Cascade Form -- Underwater Acoustical Holographic Imaging by a Square Array System -- Imaging the Nearfield of a Submerged Plate Using Acoustical
Holography -- Participants -- Author index
ISBN:9781468453201
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Acoustical Imaging: 15
Keywords: Medicine , Radiology , Internal medicine , Physical measurements , Measurement , Medicine & Public Health , Imaging / Radiology , Internal Medicine , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400954922:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Modelling in Biomedicine Optimal Control of Biomedical Systems
Author(s): Y Cherruault
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (258 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5492-2
Contents:0 Introduction -- 1 General Remarks on Modelling -- 1.1 Definitions -- 1. 2 The main techniques for modeling -- 1.3 Difficulties in modeling -- 2 Identification and Control in Linear Compartmental Analysis -- 2.1 The identification
problem -- 2.2 The uniqueness problem -- 2.3 Numerical methods for identification -- 2.4 About the non-linear case -- 2.5 Optimization techniques -- 3 Optimal Control in Compartmental Analysis -- 3.1 General considerations -- 3.2 A
first explicit approach -- 3.3 The general solution -- 3.4 Numerical method -- 3.5 Optimal control in non-linear cases -- 4 Relations Between dose and Effect -- 4.1 General considerations -- 4.2 The non-linear approach -- 4.3 Simple
functional model -- 4.4 Optimal therapeutics -- 4.5 Numerical results -- 4.6 Non-linear compartment approach -- 4.7 Optimal therapeutics using a linear approach -- 4.8 Optimal control in a compartmental model with time lag -- 5 General
Modelling in Medicine -- 5.1 The problem and the corresponding model -- 5.2 The identification problem -- 5.3 A simple method for defining optimal therapeutics -- 5.4 The Pontryagin method -- 5.5 A simplified technique giving a
sub-optimum -- 5.6 A naive but useful method -- 6 Blood Glucose Regulation -- 6.1 Identification of parameters in dogs -- 6.2 The human case -- 6.3 Optimal control for optimal therapeutics -- 6.4 Optimal control problem involving
several criteria -- 7 Integral Equations in Biomedicine -- 7.1 Compartmental analysis -- 7.2 Integral equations from biomechanics -- 7.3 Other applications of integral equations -- 8 Numerical Solution of Integral Equations -- 8.1
Linear integral equations -- 8.2 Numerical techniques for non-linear integral equations -- 8.3 Identification and optimal control using integral equations -- 8.4 Optimal control and non-linear integral equations -- 9 Problems Related
to Partial Differential Equations -- 9.1 General remarks -- 9.2 Numerical resolution of partial differential equations -- 9.3 Identification in partial differential equations -- 9.4 Optimal control with partial differential equations
-- 9.5 Other approaches for optimal control -- 9.6 Other partial differential equations -- 10 Optimality in Human Physiology -- 10.1 General remarks -- 10.2 A mathematical model for thermo-regulation -- 10.3 Optimization of pulmonary
mechanics -- 10.4 Conclusions -- 11 Errors in Modelling -- 11.1 Compartmental modeling -- 11.2 Sensitivity analysis -- 12 Open Problems in Biomathematics -- 12.1 Biological systems with internal delay -- 12.2 Biological systems
involving retroaction -- 12.3 Action of two (or more) drugs in the human organism -- 12.4 Numerical techniques for global optimization -- 12.5 Biofeedback and systems theory -- 12.6 Optimization of industrial processes -- 12.7
Optimality in physiology -- 13 CONCLUSIONS -- Appendix — The Alienor program -- References
ISBN:9789400954922
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematics and Its Applications : 23
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical models , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642465895:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Mathematical Structure of the Human Sleep-Wake Cycle
Author(s): Steven H Strogatz
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (239 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-46589-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Beyond Time -- 1.2 The Rosetta Stone -- 1.3 Overview -- 2. Experimental Background -- 2.1 Phenomena and Terminology -- 2.2 History of Free-Run Studies -- 3. Data Bank -- 3.1 Subject 1 -- 3.2 Subject 2 -- 3.3
Subject 3 -- 3.4 Subject 4 -- 3.5 Subject 5 -- 3.6 Subject 6 -- 3.7 Subject 7 -- 3.8 Subject 8 -- 3.9 Subject 9 -- 3.10 Subject 10 -- 3.11 Subject 11 -- 3.12 Subject 12 -- 3.13 Subject 13 -- 3.14 Subject 14 -- 3.15 Subject 15 -- 3.16
Subject 16 -- 3.17 Subject 17 -- 3.18 Subject 18 -- 3.19 Subject 19 -- 3.20 Subject 20 -- 3.21 Subject 21 -- 3.22 Subject 22 -- 4. Patterns -- 4.1 Durations Vary with Circadian Phase of Sleep Onset -- 4.2 Sleep Length and Prior Wake
Length -- 4.3 Timing of Wake-Up -- 4.4 Timing of Sleep Onset -- 4.5 Wake-Maintenance Zones -- 4.6 Estimating Circadian Parameters from Sleep Data Alone -- 4.7 Phase-Trapping -- 4.8 Slow Changes in Sleep-Wake Cycle Length -- 4.9
Miscellany and Missing Patterns -- 4.10 Napping and Split Sleep -- 4.11 Summary: The Basic Patterns of Internal Desynchrony -- 5. Theoretical Background -- 5.1 Conceptual Model of Aschoff and Wever -- 5.2 Wever’s Noninteractive Model
-- 5.3 Kronauer’s XY Model: Coupled Van der Pol Oscillators -- 5.4 Conceptual Model of Borbely -- 5.5 Winfree’s Half-Model -- 5.6 Gated Pacemaker of Daan, Beersma, and Borbely -- 5.7 Other Approaches -- 6. Analysis of Models -- 6.1
Introduction -- 6.2 BEATS Model -- 6.3 PHASE Model -- 6.4 XY Model of Kronauer et al. -- 6.5 Model of Daan et al. -- 7. Simulations -- 7.1 Transition from Synchrony to Desynchrony -- 7.2 Napping and Split Sleep Simulations -- 7.3 A
Representative Simulation of Internal Desynchrony -- 7.4 Overall Performance During Desynchrony -- 7.5 Summary and Discussion -- 8. Epilogue -- 8.1 Contributions -- 8.2 Directions for Future Research -- References -- Index of Authors
ISBN:9783642465895
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 69
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781461318095:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polymers in Medicine II Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Applications
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (434p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-1809-5
Contents:I Ia. Biomedical Polymers: Synthesis and Characterization -- Interface Effects and Polymeric Biomaterials -- ESCA for the Study of Biomaterial Surfaces -- Contact Angle Analysis of Biomedical Polymers: from Air to Water to
Electrolytes -- Heparin-Containing and Heparin-Like Polymers -- Heparin Immobilization on Polyurethane Surface Grafting of Heparin Complexing Poly(Amido-Amine)s -- The Design and Synthesis of Bioabsorbable Poly(Ester-Amides) --
Heparinizable Segmented Polyurethanes for Cardio-Vascular Applications -- Cell Attachment to Various Polymer Surfaces -- Immobilization of Acid Phosphatase in Poly-Hema Gels -- Interactions between Derivatives of Insoluble Polystyrene
and Human Antibodies to Factor VIII:C -- Synthetic Polymer-Collagen Composites for Biomedical Use -- Direct Assay of Phagolysosomal Hydrolase by Fluorogenic Substrate-Binding Microspheres -- Ib. Biomedical Polymers: Applications -- The
Smaller Diameter Vascular Graft-A Biomaterials Challenge -- Selection of Materials for Artificial Organs -- Durability Prediction and Measurement for Polymeric Biomaterials -- Characterization of Polyurethanes for Blood-Contacting
Applications -- The Effect of Varying Compliance upon the Long-Term Patency of a Polyurethane Artificial Artery -- Small Diameter Blood Vessel Prostheses from Polyethers -- Immobilization of Living Cells in Biocompatible Semipermeable
Microcapsules: Biomedical and Potential Biochemical Engineering Applications -- Characterization of Membranes for Artificial Organs -- Totally Bioresorbable Composites Systems for Internal Fixation of Bone Fractures -- Resin Based
Dental Composites — An Overview -- The Relevance of the In Situ Mucin Adsorption on Solid Surfaces in Dentistry and Ophthalmology -- II Polymer Drugs and Drug Delivery Systems -- Polymeric Micelles and Liposomes as Potential Drug
Carriers -- Improved Activation of Macrophages by Polyanionic Polymers Encapsulated in Mannan Derivative-Coated Liposomes -- Control of Polymer Surface Erosion by the Use of Excipients -- A New Indomethacin Lysinate Modified Release
System -- A Hybrid System for Zero Order Drug Delivery Regimen -- Ultrasonic Modulated Drug Delivery Systems -- Characterization of Drug Loading into Swellable Polymers by Surface Analysis -- Polymeric Inserts for Sustained Ocular
Delivery of Pilocarpine -- Comparison of Microencapsulation Processes for Controlled Release of Drugs and Chemicals -- Contributors
ISBN:9781461318095
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Polymer Science and Technology: 34
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9781461334187:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Contemporary Topics in Analytical and Clinical Chemistry Volume 4
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (381 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3418-7
Contents:1. Polychromatic Analysis Using the Technicon STAC™ Analyzer -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The STAC Analyzer -- 3. General Theory -- 4. Selection of Primary and Secondary Wavelengths -- 5. Classification of Polychromatic Analysis -- 6.
STAC Assays -- 7. Examples of Polychromatic Analysis -- 8. Conclusion -- References -- 2. Introduction to Multiple-Wavelength Spectrophotometric Measurements in Analytical and Clinical Chemistry -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definitions --
3. Applications in Analytical Chemistry -- 4. Applications in Clinical Chemistry -- 5. Epilogue -- References -- 3. Bichromatic Analysis: The Design and Function of the ABA-100 -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Design Principles -- 3.
Performance of Individual Instrument Functions -- 4. Automation of a Specific Method with the ABA -- 5. Quality Control -- 6. Special Applications -- 7. Epilogue -- References -- 4. Bichromatic Analysis as Performed in the Du Pont
Automatic Clinical Analyzer (‘aca’) -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Analytical Test Pack -- 3. Instrument -- 4. Measurement System -- 5. Measurement Principles -- 6. Advantages -- References -- 5. The Analysis of Matrix Formatted
Multicomponent Data -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Linear Algebra Review -- 3. Theory and Application of MFMDT in Qualitative Analysis of the Fluorescence Emission-Excitation Matrix (FEEM) -- 4. Theory and Application of MFMDT in
Quantitative Analysis of the FEEM -- 5. Summary and Conclusion -- 6. Appendices -- References -- 6. Nonlinear Parameter Estimation of Convolved Excitation and Multiple Emission Response Functions -- 1. Introduction -- 2.
Instrumentation and Analytical Parameters -- 3. Data Handling -- 4. Experimental -- 5. Results and Discussion -- 6. Summary -- References -- 7. ESCA Studies of Electrode Surfaces -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Electrode Transfer -- 3. Data
Analysis -- 4. Carbon and Related Electrodes -- 5. Electrodes Involving Magnesium and Aluminum -- 6. Electrodes Involving Titanium -- 7. Vanadium Pentoxide Electrodes in Reserve Cells -- 8. Electrodes Involving Chromium -- 9. The
Manganese Dioxide Electrode -- 10. Electrodes Involving Iron -- 11. Electrodes Involving Nickel -- 12. Electrodes Involving Copper -- 13. Electrodes Involving Zinc -- 14. The Niobium Electrode -- 15. The Molybdenum Electrode -- 16.
Ruthenium Dioxide-Based Film Electrodes -- 17. Electrodes Involving Tantalum -- 18. Electrodes Involving Tungsten -- 19. Electrodes Involving Tin -- 20. The Study of Anodic Oxide Films on Gallium Arsenide and Related Compounds -- 21.
Chemically Modified Electrodes -- 22. Studies of Solid Electrolytes -- 23. Ion-Selective Electrodes -- 24. Noble Metal Electrodes -- 25. Trace Metal Analysis -- 26. Studies of Paint Films -- 27. AES Studies of Electrode Surfaces -- 28.
Conclusion -- References -- 8. Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications of the Abel Inversion -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Fundamentals -- 3. Computation of Area Matrices -- 4. Abel Inversion of Strictly Emitting Profiles
-- 5. Self-Absorption and the Abel Inversion—Theory -- 6. Self-Absorption and the Abel Inversion—Examples -- 7. Background Correction in the Presence of Self-Absorption -- 8. Instrumental Misalignment and Spark Wander -- 9. Summary on
Wander -- 10. True Measurement Noise -- 11. Spatially Unseparated Emission and Absorption -- 12. Conclusion -- 13. Appendix -- References
ISBN:9781461334187
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Medicine , Physical chemistry , Internal medicine , Medical biochemistry , Biochemistry , Medicine & Public Health , Internal Medicine , Biochemistry, general , Medical Biochemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:RC271.R3M5935::1999 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The modern technology of radiation oncology: A compendium for medical physicists and radiation oncologists
Author(s): Jake Van Dyk (ed.)
Date:1999
Publisher:Madison, Wis. : Medical Physics Pub.
Size:1072 p.
Note:v. 1 of 2 v. set
Contents:Ch. 1. Radiation oncology overview -- Ch. 2. Clinical implementation of technology and the quality assurance process -- Ch. 3. Patient immobilization -- Ch. 4. Sumulators -- Ch. 5. CT Simulators -- Ch. 6. Simulator Computed tomography -- Ch. 7. Imag ing for radiation therapy planning (MRI, nuclear medicine, ultrasound) -- Ch. 8. Computerized radiation treatment planning systems -- Ch. 9. Kilovoltage x-rays -- Ch. 10. Cobalt-60 teletherapy-- Ch. 11. Medical accelerators -- Ch. 12. Beam shaping and int ensity modulation -- Ch. 13. Megavoltage radiography for treatment verification -- Ch. 14. Radiation oncology information management system -- Ch. 15. Tomotherapy -- Ch. 16. Stereotactic irradiation -- Ch. 17. Special techniques in radiotherapy -- Ch. 18. Brachytherapy -- Ch. 19. Dose measuring tools -- Ch. 20. Proton therapy -- Ch. 21. Neutron therapy -- Ch. 22. Hyperthermia -- Ch. 23. Photodynamic therapy -- Ch. 24. Boron neutron capture therapy -- Ch. 25. Monoclonal antibody and the other internal emit ter therapies.
ISBN:0944838383
Keywords: Cancer Radiotherapy. , Medical physics. , Radiology, Medical. , Cancer Radiotherapy Equipment and supplies. , Neoplasms radiotherapy. , Equipment Design. , Radiotherapy instrumentation. , Radiotherapy methods. , Technology, Radiologic.
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