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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD LAW OF THE SEA *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/27306.244 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword law of the sea ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319293493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dissent, Revolution and Liberty Beyond Earth
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29349-3
Contents:Introduction: Dissent, Revolution and Liberty in Space -- Future Generations and the Right to Dissent -- Architects of Revolution: Design Philosophies to Maximise Extraterrestrial -- Lunar Labor -- Disobedience in Outer -- Children
and Dissent - Managing Teenage Sturm und Drang in -- Art, Dissent and Revolution in Extraterrestrial -- Overlords, Vassals, Serfs: The Space Economy and the Return to -- An International Space Authority to Accelerate Revolutionary
Space Development -- What Happens To Dissent When Flight Is An Option? -- Power and Discipline in extra-terrestrial communities -- Frontier Freedom and the Cultural Imperative
ISBN:9783319293493
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Ethics , Astrobiology , Science , Law of the sea , International law , Personality , Social psychology , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Law of the Sea, Air and Outer Space , Ethics , Personality and Social Psychology , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461430933:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Social Foundations of Human Space Exploration [electronic resource]
Author(s): James A. Dator
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Brief
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461430933
Series:SpringerBriefs in Space Development
Series:e-books
Keywords: Philosophy of Technology , Aerospace Technology and Astronautics , Political Science, general , Law of the Sea, Air and Outer Space
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401143516:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:StarBriefs 2001 A Dictionary of Abbreviations, Acronyms and Symbols in Astronomy, Related Space Sciences and Other Related Fields
Author(s): André Heck
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (813 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4351-6
Contents:A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z
ISBN:9789401143516
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Linguistics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Law of the sea , International law , Automotive engineering , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Physics, general , Automotive Engineering , Linguistics, general , Law of the Sea, Air and Outer Space
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401722193:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods Seattle, 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (474 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-2219-3
Contents:The Gibbs Paradox -- Bayesian Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations -- Bayesian Interpolation -- Estimating the Ratio of Two Amplitudes in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Data -- A Bayesian Method for the Detection of a Periodic
Signal of Unknown Shape and Period -- Linking the Plausible and Demonstrative Inferences -- Dimensional Analysis in Data Modeling -- Entropies of Likelihood Functions -- Maximum Likelihood Estimation of the Lagrange Parameters of the
Maximum Entropy Distributions -- Entropy of Form and Hierarchic Organization -- A Bayesian Looks at the Anthropic Principle -- The Evidence for Neutral Networks -- Unmixing Mineral Spectra Using a Neural Net with Maximum Entropy
Regularization -- Bayesian Mixture Modeling -- Point-Process Theory and the Surveillance of Many Objects -- A Matlab Program to Calculate the Maximum Entropy Distributions -- Memsys as Debugger -- Entropy and Sunspots: Their Bearing on
Time-Series -- Basic Concepts in Multisensor Data Fusion -- Combining Data from Different Experiments: Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis -- Modelling Drug Behaviour in the Body with Maxent -- Information Entropy and Dose-Response
Functions for Risk Analysis -- Making Binary Decisions Based on the Posterior Probability Distribution Associated with Tomographic Reconstructions -- The Application of Maxent to Electrospray Mass Spectrometry -- The Application of
Maxent to Electron Microscopy -- The Inference of Physical Phenomena in Chemistry: Abstract Tomography, Gedanken Experiments, and Surprisal Analysis -- The Maximum Entropy Reconstruction of Patterson and Fourier Densities in
Orientationally Disordered Molecular Crystals: A Systematic Test for Crystallographic Interpolation Models -- On a Bayesian Approach to Coherent Radar Imaging -- Application of Maximum Entropy to Radio Imaging of Geological Features --
Deterministic Signals in Height of Sea Level Worldwide -- The Grand Canonical Sampler for Bayesian Integration -- Recent Developments in Information-Theoretic Statistical Analysis -- Murphy’s Law and Noninformative Priors -- A
Scientific Concept of Probability -- Bayesian Logic and Statistical Mechanics — Illustrated by a Quantum Spin 1/2 Ensemble
ISBN:9789401722193
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 50
Keywords: Computer science , Analytical chemistry , Economic geology , Image processing , Statistics , Computer Science , Image Processing and Computer Vision , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Economic Geology , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400921313:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ocean Resources Volume I: Assessment and Utilisation
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (330 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2131-3
Contents:I Legal Regime -- 1 The Impact of the Law of the Sea on Ocean Resource Development and Ocean Resource Technology -- II Geological Assessment -- 2 The US EEZ Program: Information and Technology Needs -- 3 The Potential Resources of the
Sea Areas around the Remaining Dependencies of the United Kingdom -- 4 Investigating France’s EEZ: Mapping and Technology -- 5 Development of the Gloria System for More Effective EEZ Reconnaissance -- 6 Efficient Hydrographic Surveying
of EEZ with New Multibeam Echosounder Technology for Shallow and Deep Water -- 7 Engineering Solutions for Deepwater Foundation Problems Using Integrated Investigations -- III Geological Utilization -- 8 Overview of Mineral Resources
in the EEZ -- 9 The Assessment of Aggregate Resources from the U.K. Continental Shelf -- 10 Exploitation of Marine Aggregates and Calcareous Sands -- 11 Mapping, Evaluation and Exploitation of Resources and Conditions in Danish
Domestic Waters -- 12 The Baltic Marine Environment as a Source of Aggregates, and as a Recipient of Dredged Material -- 13 A Case Study of the Minerals on the Seabed of the West Coast of India -- IV Ocean Renewable Energy -- 14
Renewable Energy from the Ocean -- 15 Wave Energy Technology Assessment -- 16 OTEC Developments Out of Europe -- 17 Energy from the Oceans: A mall Land Based Ocean Thermal Energy Plant -- 18 A Status Assessment of OTEC Technology -- V
Living Resources -- 19 Living Marine Resources, Technology and the Extended Economic Zone -- 20 Fisheries Acoustics: Assessment of Fish Stocks and Observation of Fish Behaviour -- VI Space Utilization and Opportunities -- 21 The Ocean
Enterprise Concept -- 22 Future Ocean Space Utilization in Japan -- 23 The Use of the Environment in the Design of Deep Ocean Water Resource Systems -- VII Environmental Assessment -- 24 Obtaining Past Trends in Marine Environmental
Conditions with Contemporary Data -- 25 Potential Use of Circulation/Pollutant Transport Models for Impact Assessment on the U.S. EEZ -- 26 Environmental Assessment for Exclusive Economic Zone Mineral Development Activities: The
Lessons Learned from Offshore Oil and Gas Development
ISBN:9789400921313
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Hydrogeology , Oceanography , Aquatic ecology , Geophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Hydrogeology , Oceanography , Freshwater & Marine Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400947382:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (568 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4738-2
Contents:Basic Concepts In Geochemical Modelling -- 1. Introduction -- 2.First Order Models -- 2.1. First order decay reaction -- 2.2. Instantaneous perturbation in a first order decay model -- 2.3. First order production model -- 3.
Heterogeneous Catalysis and Enzymatic Type Reactions -- 4. Reversible Reactions -- 5. Model with Coupled Components in the Reservoir -- 6. Second Order Reactions -- 7. Periodic Fluctuations -- 8. Coupling of Reservoirs -- 9.
Conclusions -- Atmospheric Pathways to the Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Atmospheric Structure and Transports -- 2.1. Boundary layer -- 2.2. Cloud scale transport -- 2.3. Storms and midlatitude circulation -- 2.4. Global scale
exchange -- 3. Variability and Representativeness -- 3.1. Seasonal and interannual variability -- 3.2. Representativeness of observations -- 4. Modeling of Atmospheric Transport -- 4.1. Source identification models -- 4.2. Mechanistic
models -- 4.3. Tropospheric chemistry system models -- Modeling Oceanic Transport of Dissolved Constituents -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Box Models -- 3. Advection-Diffusion Models -- 4. Equations of Motion -- 5. Conclusion -- Vertical
Transport of Particles within the Ocean -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Determination of the Lognormal Coefficients L, ? and of N -- 2.1. Particle size data collection -- 2.2. Calculation of the coefficients L, ? and N from data -- 3.
Determination of Suspended Particulate Matter Physical Properties using Lognormal coefficients -- 3.1. Surface area concentration -- 3.2. Mass concentration -- 3.3. Vertical fluxes -- 3.4. Residence time -- 3.5. Application to the open
sea -- 4. Suspended Particulate Matter Sedimentation with Dissolution Process -- 4.1. Sedimentation at steady state -- 4.2. Sedimentation at non steady state -- 5. Conclusion -- 6. Appendix -- 6.1. Specific properties of the lognormal
law -- 6.2. Evaluation of the lognormal coefficients -- Air-Sea Gas Exchange Rates: Introduction and Synthesis -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basic Principles -- 3. Models -- 3.1. Film model -- 3.2. Surface renewal models -- 3.3.
Boundary-layer models -- 4. Laboratory (Wind Tunnel) Studies -- 4.1. Smooth surface regime -- 4.2. Rough surface regime -- 4.3. Breaking wave (bubble) regime -- 5. Field Measurements -- 5.1. Box method -- 5.2. Dissolved gas balance
method -- 5.3. Micrometeorological techniques -- 5.4. Natural and bomb-produced 14C -- 5.5. The radon deficiency method -- 5.6. Sulphur hexafluoride -- 5.7. Summary -- 6. Synthesis -- 6.1. Comparison with field data -- The Ocean as a
Source for Atmospheric Particles -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The ? ?E/?r Model -- 3. The ? ?2E/?t ?r Model -- 4. Comparison of ? ?E/?r and W ?2E/?t ?r Models -- 5. Oceanic Whitecap Coverage -- 6. Global Sea-to-Air Salt Flux -- 7. Toward a
Comprehensive Marine Aerosol Generation Model -- The Ocean as a Sink for Atmospheric Particles -- 1. Overview -- 2. Assessement of Wet Deposition -- 3. Field Approach to Dry Deposition -- 4. Accurate Deposition Measurements do not
Guarantee Accurate Net Air to Sea Transfer Rates -- 5. Relative Importance of Wet and Dry Removal Rates -- 6. Conclusion -- Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Interfacial Photochemistry as Factors Influencing Air-Sea Exchange Fluxes and
Processes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Environmental Photochemistry -- 2.1. Stratospheric photochemistry -- 2.2. Homogeneous tropospheric photochemistry -- 2.3. Heterogeneous tropospheric photochemistry -- 2.4. Seawater photochemistry --
2.5. Soil photochemistry -- 3. Interaction of Photochemistry with Air-Sea Exchange Processes -- 3.1. Air-sea gas exchange -- 3.2. Rainout-washout deposition processes -- 3.3. Dry deposition -- 3.4. Marine aerosol generation -- 4.
Summary -- Carbon Dioxide: Its Natural Cycle and Anthropogenic Perturbation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Natural Cycle of Carbon Dioxide -- 2.1. Reservoirs, fluxes, residence times -- 2.2. Air-sea exchange of CO2 -- 2.3. Regional
variability of air-sea fluxes -- 2.4. Marine carbonate chemistry -- 2.5. The oceanic carbon cycle -- 2.6. The cycle of oxygen -- 3. Anthropogenic Increase of Atmospheric CO2 -- 3.1. Observations and airborne fraction -- 3.2. Modelling
the oceanic response to carbon cycle perturbations -- 3.3. CO2 release from the terrestrial biosphere and the “missing CO2 sink” -- 3.4. Scenarios for future CO2 concentrations -- 3.5. Carbone isotope perturbations -- 4. Climatic
Effects of CO2 Increase -- 5. Natural CO2 Variations -- 5.1. Seasonal variations -- 5.2. Correlation with El Ni?o -- 5.3. Glacial/interglacial changes -- CO2 Air-Sea Exchange during Glacial Times: Importance of Deep Sea Circulation
Changes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evidence from Polar Ice Cores -- 2.1. Data -- 2.2. Discussion: is the ocean able to absorb the missing CO2? -- 3. Evidence from Deep Sea Sediments -- 3.1. Data -- 3.2. Various hypotheses explaining the
sedimentary record -- 3.3. Cadmium as a proxy-indicator for past phosphate -- 4. Broecker’s two box Model for the CO2 Cycle -- 5. Evidence for Deep Water Circulation during the Last Climatic Cycle -- 5.1. Geochemical basis -- 5.2.
Glacial to interglacial contrasts -- 5.3. Disappearance of North Atlantic Deep Water during the glacial to interglacial transition -- 5.4. Enhanced North Atlantic Deep Wafer formation during the inception of the glaciation -- 6.
Conclusion -- Exchange of CO and H2 between Ocean And Atmosphere -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Determination of the Supersaturation Factors of CO and H2 -- 3. Spatial and Temporal Changes of dissolved CO and H2 -- 4. Processes Sustaining CO
and H2 Concentrations in Surface Water -- 4.1. Production processes -- 4.2. Consumption processes -- 4.3. Transport processes -- 5. Calculation of Fluxes by the “Laminar Film Model” -- 6. Role of Oceans in the budget of atmospheric CO
and H2 -- The Air-Sea Exchange of Low Molecular Weight Halocarbon Gases -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Gases for which the Oceans are a net Source for the Atmosphere -- 2.1. Alkyl (mainly Methyl) halides -- 2.2. Haloforms -- 2.3. Other
organo-halides -- 3. Gases for which the Oceans are a net Sink for the Atmosphere -- 4. Summary -- Sea-Air Exchange of High-Molecular Weight Synthetic Organic Compounds -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Compounds of Interest -- 3.
Sampling/Analytical Aspects of Trace Organics -- 4. Distribution of High Molecular Weight Organics in the Marine Environment -- 4.1. Water and organisms -- 4.2. Atmospheric concentrations -- 4.3. Atmospheric deposition -- 5. Air-Sea
Exchange Mechanisms for Synthetic Organics -- 5.1. Dry deposition -- 5.2. Wet deposition -- 5.3. Adsorption and partitioning in surface waters -- 6. Air-Sea Fluxes in the North Pacific -- 7. Relative Importance of Atmospheric
Deposition to the CHC Cycle -- 8. Summary and Conclusions -- The Ocean as a Source of Atmospheric Sulfur Compounds -- 1. Sources of Sulfur to the Atmosphere: an Overview -- 2. Seaspray and the Production of Aerosol Sulfate -- 3.
Sulfate Reduction by Geological and Biological Processes -- 4. Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction -- 5. Biosynthesis of Dimethylsulfide -- 6. Marine Chemistry and Distribution of Dimethylsulfide -- 7. Estimating the Air/Sea Flux of
Dimethylsulfide -- 8. Chemical Reactions and Transformations of Dimethylsulfide in the Marine Atmosphere -- 9. A Model of the Cycle of Biogenic Sulfur over the Oceans -- 10. Carbonyl Sulfide -- 10.1. Photochemical production of COS --
10.2. Air/Sea exchange of COS -- 11. Formation and Emission of other Sulfur Species: Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbon Disulfide, Methylmercaptan, Dimethyldisulfide etc… -- 11.1. Hydrogen sulfide -- 11.2. Carbon disulfide -- 11.3.
Methylmercaptan, dimethyldisulfide and other sulfur compounds -- 12. Conclusion -- Cycling of Mercury Between the Atmosphere and Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Global Models -- 3. Physico-Chemical Models -- 4. Atmospheric Hg
Determinations -- 4.1. Total gaseous Hg -- 4.2. Volatile Hg species -- 5. Hg Analysis in Seawater and Rainwater -- 5.1. Reactive and Total Hg -- 5.2. Volatile Hg -- 5.3. Determinations of Hg in rain -- 6. Air-Sea Exchange of Hg -- 6.1.
Preliminary studies -- 6.2. Present status -- 6.3. Summary -- 7. Ocean Sources of Hg -- 7.1. Hg evasion from the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: 1980 -- 7.2. Hg evasion from the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: 1984 -- 8. Hg Deposition to the Sea
Surface -- 8.1. Precipitation -- 8.2. Dry depositional Hg flux to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- 8.3. Air-sea exchange in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- 8.4. Physico-chemical aspects -- 9. Atmospheric Cycling of Hg over the Oceans:
Global Perspectives -- The Air-Sea Exchange of Particulate Organic Matter: The Sources and Long-Range Transport of Lipids in Aerosols -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. Background -- 2. Sampling and Analytical Methodology -- 3. Source and
Long-Range Transport Studies -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. North Pacific Trades: Enewetak -- 3.3. South Pacific Westerlies: New Zealand -- 3.4. Short-Range transport: Coastal Peru -- 4. Conclusions -- The Marine Mineral Aerosol -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. The Concept of the Marine Dust Veil -- 3. Sources of Material to the Marine Atmosphere -- 4. The Distribution of Material in the Marine Dust Veil -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. The Atlantic Ocean and surrounding waters
-- 4.3. The Mediterranean -- 4.4. The Pacific ocean -- 4.5. The Indian ocean -- 4.6. Summary -- 5. The Composition of Material in the Marine Dust Veil -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. The mineral composition of the marine dust veil -- 5.3.
Chemical chacacteristics of the mineral aerosol -- 6. The Influence of the Marine Dust Veil on Oceanic Cycles -- 6.1. The water column -- 6.2. The sediment column -- 6.3. Summary -- Air to Sea Transfer of Anthropogenic Trace Metals --
1. Introduction -- 2. The Fate of Atmospheric Trace Metals in Ocean Waters -- 2.1. Physical and chemical forms of metals in the atmosphere -- 2.2. Biogeochemical cycling of trace metals in the ocean -- 3. Geographical Variability of
Metal Fluxes from the Atmosphere
ISBN:9789400947382
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 185
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9789401168557:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Off-Shore Petroleum Resources of South-East Asia Potential Conflict Situations and Related Economic Considerations
Author(s): Corazón Morales Siddayao
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (225 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-6855-7
Contents:One: The Demand-Supply Situation -- I. The Value of Petroleum to South-East Asian Economies -- II. The Off-Shore Petroleum Resource Potential of South-East Asia -- Two: Potential Areas of Conflict -- III. Potential Sources of Conflict
and the Law of the Sea Issues -- IV. Actual Territorial Disputes over Potential Off-Shore Petroleum Fields -- V. Potential Conflict Situations Arising from Geological Settings and Environmental Phenomena -- Three: Economic and Policy
Implications -- VI. Some Economic Factors Bearing on the Resolution of Conflicts over Oil Resources -- VII. Conclusions and Policy Implications -- Appendixes -- A U.S. Geological Survey Description of Coastal Categories -- B Proposed
Legal Definitions in the Third Law of the Sea Conference -- C Mathematical Explanation of Welfare Maximization in the Utilization of a Society’s Petroleum Resources
ISBN:9789401168557
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Engineering , Renewable energy resources , Geotechnical engineering , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Engineering , Renewable and Green Energy , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9789401012522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics in Geology Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Oxford, England, September 17–27, 1976
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (410 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-1252-2
Contents:1. Geological Applications of High Temperature Reaction Calorimetry -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Calorimetric solvents and oxide melts -- 1.3 Applications of high temperature calorimetry to mineral thermodynamics -- 1.4 Calorimetry of
geothermal fluids and water containing systems at pressures up to 2 kbar -- Study Problems -- 2. Experimental Determination of the Mixing Properties of Solid Solutions with Particular Reference to Garnet and Clinopyroxene Solutions --
2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 NaA1Si308-KA1Si308 feldspar solutions -- 2.3 MgSi0.502-FeSi0.502 olivine solutions -- 2.4 Aluminosilicate garnet solid solutions -- 2.5 Clinopyroxenes containing CaA12Si06 component -- 2.6 Conclusions -- 3.
Thermochemistry of garnets and aluminous pyroxenes in the CMAS system -- 3.1 Importance of the CMAS system -- 3.2 Experimental difficulties -- 3.3 The role of thermochemistry -- 3.4 CaMgSi206-CaA12Si06 clinopyroxene -- 3.5
Mg3A12Si3012-Ca3A12Si3012 garnet -- 3.6 Application to the garnet peridotite problem -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems -- 4. Activity-Composition Relationships for Crystalline Solutions -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Mole
fractions -- 4.3 Activity coefficients -- 4.4 Conclusions -- 5. Chemical Mixing in Multicomponent Solutions: An Introduction to the Use of Margules and Other Thermodynamic Excess Functions to Represent Non-Ideal Behaviour -- 5.1
Introduction -- 5.2 The solution properties of a binary mixture -- 5.3 Ternary and higher order chemical mixtures -- 5.4 Representation of the excess Gibbs free energy of mixing -- 5.5 The Margules equations -- 5.6 An annotated list of
geological publications utilizing the Margules equations or their equivalents -- Study Problems -- 6. Determination of Atomic Occupancies -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 The diffraction method -- 6.3 Mössbauer spectroscopy -- 6.4 Infra-red
methods -- 6.5 The meaning of occupancy -- Study Problem -- Solution to Problem -- 7. The Accuracy and Precision Of Calculated Mineral Dehydration Equilibria -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Definitions -- 7.3 Accuracy of calculated
equilibria -- 7.4 Precision of calculated equilibria -- 7.5 Thermochemical data from P-T brackets -- 7.6 Discussion and conclusions -- Study Problems -- 8. Thermodynamics of Dehydration Equilibria -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Theoretical
background -- 8.3 Retrieval of thermodynamic data -- 8.4 Calculation of phase diagrams -- 8.5 Dehydration equilibria involving crystalline solutions -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems -- 9. Fugacity and Activity of Molecular
Species in Supercritical Fluids -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Scope and definitions -- 9.3 Review of available experimental data -- 9.4 Molecular dynamics -- 9.5 The Redlich-Kwong equation of state -- 9.6 Conclusions -- Study Problems --
10. Compositions and Thermodynamics of Metamorphic Solutions -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 O-H gases -- 10.3 C-O gases -- 10.4 C-O-H gases -- 10.5 C-O-H-S gases -- 10.6 H-O-F and H-O-N gases -- 10.7 Acids and bases -- 10.8 Measurement
of the activity of H20 -- 10.9 Summary and conclusions -- Study Problems -- 11. The Significance of Fluid Inclusions in Metamorphic Rocks -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Observation by conventional techniques (petrographic microscopy) --
11.3 Microthermometry: Tf and Th -- 11.4 Other analytical methods -- 11.5 Conclusion -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems -- 12. The Stability of Phlogopite in the Presence of Quartz and Diopside -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2
Experimental methods -- 12.3 Stability of phlogopite and quartz -- 12.4 Stability of phlogopite quartz and diopside -- 12.5 Thermodynamic considerations -- 12.6 Geological applications -- Study Problems -- 13. Opaque Minerals as
Sensitive Oxygen Barometers and Geothermometers in Lunar Basalts -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Spinel solid solution series -- 13.3 Armalcolite series -- 13.4 Subsolidus reduction reactions -- 14. Thermodynamic Properties of Molten Salt
Solutions -- 14.1. Introduction -- 14.2 Systems of the type AX-BX -- 14.3 Systems of the type AX-AY -- 14.4 Charge unsymmetrical mixtures which contain a common anion -- 14.5 Mixtures containing two cations and two anions -- 15.
Thermodynamic Properties of Silicate Melts -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Nature of silicate melts -- 15.3 Acids and bases -- 15.4 Binary silicate melts -- 15.5 Application of mixing models -- 15.6 Standard states of oxide components --
15.7 Effects of melt structure on liquidus boundaries -- 16. The Activities of Components in Natural Silicate Melts -- 16.1 Introduction -- 16.2 Thermodynamic characterization of silicate melts -- 16.3 Estimation of pressures and
temperatures of equilibration -- 16.4 Example and discussion -- Appendix: Program for solving equations for P and T -- Study problem -- 17. The Thermodynamics of Trace Element Distribution -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 Henry’s Law --
17.3 Formulation of distribution coefficients -- 17.4 Relationship between distribution coefficients and equilibrium constants -- 17.5 Geothermometry and geobarometry -- 17.6 Trace elements in gas-solid reactions -- 17.7 Concluding
Remarks -- 18. The Solubility of Calcite in Sea Water -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 In situ saturometry -- 18.3 Laboratory kinetic measurements -- 18.4 Possible explanations for the differences between the Berner and Ingle et al.
solubility results -- 18.5 Conclusions -- 19. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Metamorphism -- 19.1 Introduction -- 19.2 Fundamental relations -- 19.3 Models for diffusion-controlled, steady-state processes -- 19.4 The transformation
to practical reference frames -- 19.5 Application to the Vastervik segregations -- 19.6 Conclusion -- Study Problems -- Solutions to Problems
ISBN:9789401012522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 30
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry
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