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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD LOW TEMPERATURE - HISTORY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/5571.70 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword low temperature - history ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9781608077113:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Control components using Si, GaAs, and GaN technologies
Author(s): I. J. Bahl
Date:2014
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (310 p)
Contents:Chapter 1 Introduction - History of Components - Types of Control Components - Solid-State Switching Devices - Design of Control Components - Fabrication of Control Components - Chapter 2 Control Devices - PIN Diodes - Operation of PIN Diodes - PIN Diode Models - GaAs MESFETs - Operation of MESFETs - Linear Switch FET Models - Nonlinear Switch FET Models - GaAs HEMTs - GaAs HBTs - GaN HEMTs - CMOS Transistors - Operation of CMOS Switch - Various Body Floating Techniques - CMOS Transistor Models - Schottky Diodes - Varactor Diodes - Transistor Model Scaling - Biasing of Switching Devices - Biasing of PIN Diodes - Biasing of Transistors - Switching Speed of PIN Diodes - Switching Speed of Transistors - Comparison of Switching Devices - Chapter 3 Switches - Switch Parameters - Basic Requirements of a Switch for Wireless Applications - Design of Switches - Switch Configurations - Basic Theory of Switches - Multiport Switches - Matrix Switches - Diversity Switch - High Isolation Switches - Broadband Switches - High-Power Switches - Impedance Transformation Technique - Stacked FETs Method - Resonant Circuit Technique - GaN HEMT Switches - Power Handling of PIN Diode Switches - Low Distortion Switches - Performance of Switch Circuits - PIN D iode Switch Circuits - MESFET Switch Circuits - HEMT Switch Circuits - CMOS Switch Circuits - Comparison of Switch Technologies - Novel Switch Configurations - Filter-Integrated Switch - Redundant Switch - Switched Variable Power Amplifier - Switches with Integrated Control - Intermodulation Analysis of Switches - PIN Diode Switches - MESFET Switches
Chapter 4 Phase Shifters - Digital Phase Shifters - Analog Phase Shifters - Active Phase Shifters - Theory of Phase Shifters - Reflection-Type Phase Shifter - Switched-Line Phase Shifter - Loaded-Line Phase Shifters - Switched-Network Phase Shifter s - Embedded-Device Phase Shifters - Multibit Phase Shifter Circuits - RMS Errors - PIN Diode Phase Shifters - MESFET/HEMT Phase Shifters - CMOS Phase Shifters - Analog Phase Shifters - Voltage-Controlled Reflection-Type Phase Shifters - Voltage-Controlle d Transmission-Type Phase Shifters - Analog Varactor Diode Phase Shifters - Analog CMOS Phase Shifters - Broadband Phase Shifters - GaAs MESFET/HEMT Broadband Phase Shifters - Broadband CMOS Phase Shifters - Ultrawideband Phase Shifters - Millimeter-Wave Phase Shifters - PIN/Schottky Diode Millimeter-Wave Phase Shifters -MESFET/HEMT Millimeter-Wave Phase Shifters - CMOS Millimeter-Wave Phase Shifters - Active Phase Shifters - Dual-Gate FET Phase Shifters - Switchable-Amplifier Phase Shifters - Vector Modu lator Phase Shifters - Chapter 5 Attenuators - Theory of Attenuators - Fabrication of Attenuators - Fixed Value Attenuators - Attenuator Pad - Temperature Variable Attenuator - Multibit Attenuators - PIN Diode Step Attenuators - GaAs MMIC Step Attenuators - Si CMOS Step Attenuators - Variable Voltage Attenuators - PIN Diode Variable Attenuators - MESFET Variable Attenuators - CMOS Variable Attenuator - GaN HEMT Attenuator - Linear Voltage Variable Attenuators -Reflection-Type Attenuators - Balanced Attenu ators - Frequency Dependent Attenuators - Phase Compensated Attenuators - CMOS Attenuator with Integrated Switch - Distortion in Attenuators - PIN Diode Attenuators - FET Attenuators
Chapter 6 Limiters - Limiter Characterization - Limiter Types - PIN Diode Limiters - Analysis of PIN Diode Limiter - Si PIN Diode Limiters in Microstrip Configuration - GaAs PIN Diode Limiters - Matched Limiters - Schottky Diode Limiters - Analysis of Schottky Diode Limiter - Schottky Diode Design and Limiter Configuration - Broadband High Power Limiters - Monolithic GaAs Schottky Diode Limiter Circuits - Limiting Amplifiers - 10-W Limiter with Embedded LNA - BiCMOS Diode Limiter - GaN Schottky Diod e Limiters
ISBN:9781608077113
Series:Artech House microwave library
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Electronic circuits, Mathematical models. , Solid state electronics , Microwave integrated circuits
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642197604:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cosmology, Quantum Vacuum and Zeta Functions [electronic resource] : In Honor of Emilio Elizalde
Author(s): Sergey D Odintsov
Diego Sez-Gmez
Sebastian Xamb-Descamps
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Some major developments of physics in the last three decades are addressed by highly qualified specialists in different specific fields. They include renormalization problems in QFT, vacuum energy fluctuations and the Casimireffect in different confi gurations, and a wealth of applications. A number of closely related issues are also considered. The cosmological applications of these theories play a crucial role and are at the very heart of the book inparticular, the possibility to explain in a unifie d way the whole history of the evolution of the Universe: from primordial inflation to the present day accelerated expansion. Further, a description of the mathematical backgroundunderlying many of the physical theories considered above is provided. This includes the uses of zeta functions in physics, as in the regularization problems in QFT already mentioned, specifically in curved space-time, and in Casimirproblems as
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I QFT and the Casimir Effect
1. I. Ya. AREFEVA. Colliding Hadrons as Cosmic Membranes and Possible Signatures of Lost Momentum
2. M. ASOREY, I. CaveroPelez and J. M. MuozCasta. Vacuum energy and the Topology of the Universe
3. M. BORDAG and I. Pirozhenko. The Low Temperature Corrections to the Casimir Force Between a Sphere and a Plane
4. I. BREVIK. Casimir Effect for the Piecewise Uniform String
5. I.L. BUCHBINDER, N.G. Pletnev and I.B. Samsonov. N = 2 and N = 4 Supersymmetric LowEnergy Effective Actions in Three Dimensions
6. M. CHAICHIAN. Colour Confinem
ISBN:9783642197604
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v137
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387687346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of High-Temperature Superconductivity [electronic resource] : Theory and Experiment
Author(s): J. Robert Schrieffer
James S Brooks
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since the 1980s, a general theme in the study of high-temperature superconductors has been to test the BCS theory and its predictions against new data. At the same time, this process has engendered new physics, new materials, andnew theoretical frame works. Remarkable advances have occurred in sample quality and in single crystals, in hole and electron doping in the development of sister compounds with lower transition temperatures, and in instruments to probestructure and dynamics. Handbook of High-T emperature Superconductvity is a comprehensive and in-depth treatment of both experimental and theoretical methodologies by the the world's top leaders in the field. The Editor, Nobel LaureateJ. Robert Schrieffer, and Associate Editor James S. Brooks, hav e produced a unified, coherent work providing a global view of high-temperature superconductivity covering the materials, the relationships with heavy-fermion and organicsystems, and the many formidable challenges that remain
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Review of Low Tc Experimental Facts
Review of Low Tc Theory
High Temperature Superconductivity Discovery and History
Electron Tunneling
ARPES
Microwave Properties
NMR/ESR
Neutron Scattering
Optical Properties
Cuprate Superconductivity
Thermodynamic Properties
Transport Properties
High Pressure Effects
Acoustic and Elastic Properties
Organic Superconductors
Heavy Fermions
Numerical Studies of the Properties of Quantum Many Body Models of High Temperature Superconductivity Systems
Nearly Antiferromagnetic Spin Fluctuations Theories of High Tempe
ISBN:9780387687346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Superconductivity , Magnetism , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402030161:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Challenges to the Second Law of Thermodynamics [electronic resource] : Theory and Experiment
Author(s): Vladislav pek
Daniel P Sheehan
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The second law of thermodynamics is considered one of the central laws of science, engineering and technology. For over a century it has been assumed to be inviolable by the scientific community. Over the last 10-20 years,however, more than two dozen challenges to it have appeared in the physical literature - more than during any other period in its 150-year history. The number and variety of these represent a cogent threat to its absolute status. Thisis the first book to document and critique these modern challenges. Written by two leading exponents of this rapidly emerging field, it covers the theoretical and experimental aspects of principal challenges. In addition, unresolvedfoundational issues concerning entropy and the second law are explored. This book should be of interest to anyone whose work or research is touched by the second law
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Entropy and the Second Law
Challenges (18701980)
Modern Quantum Challenges: Theory
Low
Temperature Experiments and Proposals
Modern Classical Challenges
Gravitational Challenges
Chemical Nonequilibrium Steady States
Plasma Paradoxes
MEMS/NEMS Devices
Special Topics
ISBN:9781402030161
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : v146
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Statistical physics , Quantum optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461541974:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reconstructing Ocean History A Window into the Future
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (443 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4197-4
Contents:Polar-Tropical and Interhemisphere Linkages -- 1. Polar Tropical and Interhemispheric Linkages: An Introduction -- 2. The Overturning Circulation of the Glacial Atlantic: A View from the Top -- 3. Atlantic Alkenone Sea-Surface
Temperature Records: Low Versus Mid Latitudes and Differences between Hemispheres -- 4. Long- /Short-Term Variations of Monsoon Climate and Its Tele- Connection to Global Change: High Resolution Grain Size Records of Siliciclastic
Sediments from the South China Sea -- Does the Ocean Cause, or Respond to, Abrupt Climatic Changes -- 5. Abrupt Climatic Changes—Causes and Consequences: An Introduction -- 6. Glacial and Interglacial Hydrological Changes in the North
Atlantic Ocean -- 7. Age Screening of Deep-Sea Corals and the Record of Deep North Atlantic Circulation Change at 15.4ka -- 8. Phase Lag of Antarctic and Greenland Temperature in the Last Glacial and Link between CO2 Variations and
Heinrich Events -- 9. Rapid Transitions of the Thermohaline Ocean Circulation: A Modelling Perspective -- 10. On the Reconstruction of Past Levels of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide -- Biotic Responses to Major Paleoceanographic Changes --
11. An Introduction to “Biotic Responses to Major Paleoceanographic Changes” -- 12. Hydrographic and Tectonic Control of Plankton Distribution and Evolution -- 13. Benthic Foraminiferal Response to Major Paleoceanographic Changes: A
View of the Deep-Sea Restaurant Menu -- 14. Using Planktonic Foraminifera as Monitors of the Tropical Surface Ocean -- 15. Primary Production Response to Orbitally Induced Variations of the Southern Oscillation in the Equatorial Indian
Ocean -- Past Warm Climates -- 16. Polar Stratospheric Cloud Forcing in a Greenhouse World: A Climate Modeling Sensitivity Study -- 17. Variability of Extreme Cretaceous-Paleogene Climates: Evidence from Blake Nose (ODP Leg 171B) --
Innovations in Monitoring Ocean History -- 18. Innovations in Monitoring Ocean History: An Introduction to Paleoceanographic Proxies -- 19. Deconvolving Glacial Ocean Carbonate Chemistry from the Planktonic Foraminifera Carbon Isotope
Record -- 20. Non-Invasive Sediment Monitoring Methods: Current and Future Tools for High-Resolution Climate Studies -- 21. Controls on the Carbon Isotopic Composition of Phytoplankton: Paleoceanographic Perspectives -- 22. Past and
Present Coastal Upwelling along the Western Americas -- 23. Magnetic Signature of Rapid Climatic Variations in North Atlantic Sediments
ISBN:9781461541974
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Paleontology , Sedimentology , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Geophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Oceanography , Paleontology , Sedimentology , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401710923:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Comparative Planetology with an Earth Perspective Proceedings of the First International Conference held in Pasadena, California, June 6–8, 1994
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (230 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1092-3
Contents:Formation of the Terrestrial Planets -- Geology of Terrestrial Planets with Dynamic Atmospheres -- CO2 Cooling in Terrestrial Planet Thermospheres -- Constraints on the Martian Cratering Rate Based on the SNC Meteorites and
Implications for Mars Climatic History -- Factors Controlling Volcanism and Tectonism in Solar System Solid Bodies -- Giant Planet Formation: A Comparative View of Gas-Accretion -- Giant Planet Formation: Dynamical Stability of a
Massive Envelope -- Origin of the Major Planet Atmospheres: Clues from Trace Species -- The Chemical Atmospheric Composition of the Giant Planets -- NH3, H2S, and the Radio Brightness Temperature Spectra of the Giant Planets -- Titan’s
Atmosphere and Surface: Parallels and Differences with the Primitive Earth -- Cryovolcanism on the Icy Satellites -- Formation of Satellite and Ring Systems: Comparative Aspects -- Frozen Fields -- Planetary Dynamos -- Planetary
Magnetospheres -- Boundary Determinations from Low Frequency Magnetic Field Measurements -- Evolution of Planetary Ringmoon Systems -- Thermal History of Planetary Materials in the Solar Nebula -- Migration of Bodies in the
Accumulation of Planets -- List of Participants -- The ‘Kluwer’ LaTeX Style File: Instructions for Authors -- Author Index -- Volume Contents
ISBN:9789401710923
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789400920798:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Through Measurement to Knowledge The Selected Papers of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes 1853–1926
Author(s): Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (576 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2079-8
Contents:Selected Papers of H. Kamerlingh Onnes -- A. General -- 1. “On the cryogenic laboratory at Leiden and on the production of very low temperatures” -- 2. “The importance of accurate measurements at very low temperatures” -- 3. “Further
experiments with liquid helium. P. On the lowest temperature yet obtained” -- B. Thermodynamic Researches (Equation of State) -- 4. “Théorie générale de l’état fluide” -- 5. “Remarks on the liquefaction of hydrogen, on thermodynami-cal
similarity and on the use of vacuum vessels” -- 6. “Expression of the equation of state of gases and liquids by means of series” -- 7. “The liquefaction of helium” -- 8. “Further experiments with liquid helium. E. A helium cryostat.
Remarks on the preceding communications” -- 9. “Further experiments with liquid helium. U. (Isotherms of monatomic substances and their binary mixtures. XXIV). Isotherms of helium at 4.2°K and lower” co-authored with J.D.A. Boks -- C.
Properties of Liquid Helium -- 10. “Further experiments with liquid helium. A. Isotherms of monatomic gases etc. VIII. Thermal properties of helium” -- 11. “Further experiments with liquid helium. V. The variation of density of liquid
helium below the boiling point” co-authored with J.D.A. Boks -- 12. “Further experiments with liquid helium. BB. Preliminary determinations of the specific heat of liquid helium” co-authored with L.I. Dana -- D. Electrical Researches
-- 13. “On phosphorescence at very low temperatures” co-authored with Henri and Jean Becquerel -- 14. “Further experiments with liquid helium. B. On the change in the resistance of pure metals at very low temperatures, etc. III. The
resistance of platinum at very low temperatures” -- 15. “Further experiments with liquid helium. C. On the change of electric resistance of pure metals at very low temperatures etc. IV. The resistance of pure mercury at helium
temperatures” -- 16. “Further experiments with liquid helium. D. On the change of electrical resistance of pure metals at very low temperatures etc. V. The disappearance of the resistance of mercury” -- 17. “Further experiments with
liquid helium. G. On the electrical resistance of pure metals, etc. VI. On the sudden change in the rate at which the resistance of mercury disappears” -- 18. “Further experiments with liquid helium. H. On the electrical resistance of
pure metals, etc. VII. The potential difference necessary for the electrical current through mercury below 4.19°K” -- 19. “Further experiments with liquid helium. H. On the electrical resistance etc. (continued). VIII. The sudden
disappearance of the ordinary resistance of tin, and the superconductive state of lead” -- 20. “Further experiments with liquid helium. I. The Hall-effect, and the magnetic change in resistance in supra conductors which are brought
into a magnetic field, at low temperatures. IX. The appearance of galvanic resistance at a threshold value of the field” -- 21. “Further experiments with liquid helium. J. The imitation of an Ampère molecular current or of a permanent
magnet by means of a supra-conductor” -- 22. “Further experiments with liquid helium. L. The persistence f current without electromotive force in supraconducting circuits. (Continuation of J)” -- 23. “Further experiments with liquid
helium. AA. The disturbance of supra-conductivity by magnetic fields and currents. The hypothesis of Silsbee” co-authored with W. Tuyn -- E. Magnetic Researches -- 24. “Researches on magnetization at very low temperatures” co-authored
with Pierre Weiss -- 25. “Researches on the magnetization of liquid and solid oxygen” co-authored with Albert Perrier -- 26. “Reseaches on magnetism. III. On para — and dia-magnetism at very low temperatures” co-authored with Albeit
Perrier -- 27. “Magnetic investigations. XIII. The susceptibility of liquid mixtures of oxygen and nitrogen, and the influence of the mutual distance of the molecules upon paramagnetism” co-authored with Albert Perrier -- Editors’
Notes -- Notes for A1 -- Notes for A2 -- Notes for A3 -- Notes for B4 -- Notes for B5 -- Notes for B6 -- Notes for B7 -- Notes for B8 -- Notes for B9 -- Notes for C10 -- Notes for C11 -- Notes for C12 -- Notes for D13 -- Notes for D14
-- Notes for D15 -- Notes for D16 -- Notes for D17 -- Notes for D18 -- Notes for D19 -- Notes for D20 -- Notes for D21 -- Notes for D22 -- Notes for D23 -- Notes for E24 -- Notes for E25 -- Notes for E26 -- Notes for E27 -- Published
Works of H. Kamerlingh Onnes -- Name Index
ISBN:9789400920798
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science: 124
Keywords: Physics , History , Philosophy and science , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , History, general , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783540464839:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun and Cool Stars: activity, magnetism, dynamos Proceedings of Colloquium No. 130 of the International Astronomical Union Held in Helsinki, Finland, 17–20 July 1990
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-53955-7
Contents:The confrontation of mean-field theories with numerical simulations -- On numerical studies of solar/stellar convection -- Turbulent Convection: A New Model -- Large scale convection in stars : Towards a model for the action of
coherent structures -- Magnetoconvection patterns in rotating convection zones -- Stellar convection as a low Prandtl number flow -- Convective overshoot as a source of helicity -- Topological pumping in the lower overshoot layer --
Diffusion of particles, heat and magnetic fields in compressible turbulent media -- The spatial structure of homogeneous turbulence at high Reynolds number -- Compressible MHD in spherical geometry -- The role of overshoot in solar
activity: A direct simulation of the dynamo -- Vector potential magnetic null points -- Magnetic tubes in overshooting compressible convection -- Convective cores in stellar models -- Rotational effects on Reynolds stresses in the
solar convection zone -- Stable and unstable solutions of the nonlinear dynamo problem -- Nonlinear nonaxisymmetric dynamos for active stars -- Waves of Solar Activity -- Non-steady global magnetic fields in kinematic theory --
Asymptotic methods in the nonlinear mean-field dynamo -- Fractal flux tubes of the solar magnetic field -- ??-dynamos -- Fossil magnetic fields and activity of young stars -- The sun's internal differential rotation from
helioseismology -- ?-effect, meridional flow and the differential solar rotation -- Differential rotation as an axisymmetric resonant mode of convection -- The solar internal rotation and its implications -- The toroidal magnetic field
inside the Sun -- The transfer of large-scale magnetic field by radial inhomogeneity of the material density in the rotating convection zone -- Diagnostics of the solar dynamo using the observed pattern of surface magnetic fields --
The large-scale magnetic field in the global solar cycle: observational aspects -- Evolution of large and small scale magnetic fields in the sun -- The solar dynamo -- A topological model of the solar magnetic field reversals -- Solar
internal rotation, the boundary layer dynamo and latitude distribution of activity belts -- Solar rotation over solar cycle 21 -- Sun-as-a-star: Its convective signature and the activity cycle -- The hel ?10830 Å line as an indicator
of the chromospheric and coronal activity of the sun -- The rotational modulation of ca II K in the sun -- The prolonged minima and maxima of solar activity -- The longer term evolution of magnetic field and mass flow in a decaying
active region -- The main component analysis of the longitudinal distribution of solar activity -- Fe I line asymmetries and shifts caused by pressure broadening -- Rotation of large scale patterns on the solar surface as determined
from filament and millimeter data -- Large scale patterns on the solar surface indicated by microwave observations -- The solar corona over the recent saros -- The history of activity of the Sun and its rotational period on the ZAMS --
The differential rotation and evolution of spots on UX Arietis from a sequence of Doppler images -- The art of surface imaging -- Surface imaging of El Eri -- Towards magnetic images of rapidly rotating late-type stars -- Chromospheric
surface structures on El Eridani and HD 199178 -- Activity, colour anomalies and temperature determination in solar-type stars -- Dynamo action in evolved stars -- The boundary between the magnetic fields of ap stars and the fields of
solar-type stars -- Doppler mapping of CP-star surfaces with weak and strong magnetic fields -- Temperature variations on the surface of the Si-star CU Virginis -- Learning about stellar dynamos from long-term photometry of starspots
-- Starspot activity on short-period RS CVn stars -- Variations in spottedness of photosphere and chromosphere of the flare star EV Lac -- Surface inhomogeneities on the W UMa star AC Bootis -- Long-term starspot behavior of BY Dra and
EV Lac -- The spot activity of FK Comae Berenices -- On the existence of solar-type activity in the secondary components of cataclysmic variables -- Radial velocity variability of K giants -- Recent advances in the observation and
analysis of stellar magnetic fields -- Limits on the magnetic flux of a pre-main sequence star -- Stellar zeeman analyses: Effects of multi-component atmospheres -- Multi-line Zeeman analysis -- A new technique to measure magnetic
field strength in active stars -- Magnetic flux determination in late-type dwarfs -- Linear polarization and magnetic fields in cool stars -- Long-term polarimetric activity of the cool supergiant µ Cephei -- Polarimetric observations
of active cool binaries -- Magnetic fields and filling factors in late-type stars: Predictions from dynamo theory -- Activity of relatively close binaries -- Two kinds of activity in late-type stars -- Ca II H and K and H?, and Li
abundances in the pleiades late K main-sequence -- Is ? Boo AB a young or an evolved system? a model atmosphere analysis -- Spectroscopic analysis of HR 1099 -- Recent advances in our understanding of chromospheric and coronal heating
mechanisms -- Ca II H high-resolution spectral monitoring of active late-type dwarfs -- The onset of chromospheres in A-type stars: The altair affair -- H? and NaD line variability in RY Tauri -- He I 5876 å line in the study of
chromospheric activity in F-type MS stars -- The age evolution of Ca II emission in late type stars -- Ca II H and K spectroscopy of ER Vul -- The variations of the H? line of HD199178 -- H? emission in the giant components of RS CVn
systems -- Spectroscopy of southern active stars -- Full phase coverage of by Dra with the VLA -- Coronal magnetic fields of Algol binaries from microwave spectra -- On the coronal activity of RS CVn systems -- Flare rate spectra as a
possibility of diagnostics of convection zones in stars -- Observations relating to stellar activity, magnetism and dynamos -- Concluding summary: Theoretical aspects
ISBN:9783540464839
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 380
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783642744778:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron Probe Microanalysis Applications in Biology and Medicine
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (322 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-74477-8
Contents:The history of electron probe microanalysis in biology -- 1. Specimen Preparation -- Specimen preparation and other limitations in quantitative electron probe X-ray microanalysis using ultrathin sections -- Freeze-substitution and low
temperature embedding for analytical electron microscopy -- Ensuring the validity of results in biological X-ray microanalysis -- 2. Analytical Techniques -- a) X-ray microanalysis -- The subcellular accumulation of toxic heavy metals:
Qualitative and quantitative X-ray microanalysis -- X-ray microanalysis of cryosections using image analysis -- Electron probe X-ray microanalysis in the silkmoth antenna — problems with quantification in ultrathin cryosections -- b)
Electron energy loss spectroscopy -- Progress in electron energy loss spectroscopic imaging and analysing biological specimens with a field emission scanning transmission electron microscope -- Application of parallel-detection
electron energy loss spectroscopy in biology -- Resin based standards for biological energy dispersive X-ray and electron energy loss microanalysis -- Imaging and microanalysis by electron spectroscopy -- 3. Biological Applications --
a) Intracellular element localization -- Application of X-ray microanalysis and electron energy loss spectroscopy to studies of secretory cell biology -- X-ray microanalysis of freshly isolated cells in suspension -- X-ray
microanalysis and free calcium measurements in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes -- b) Epithelial transport -- 1/um thick frozen hydrated/dried sections for analysing pericellular environment in transport epithelia New results
from old data -- Distribution of ions and water in epithelial cells and tissues -- Characterization of electrolyte transport mechanisms and compartments by the use of the markers Rb and Br -- Electron probe analysis of transport
properties of cultured cells -- c) Dynamic processes -- Quantitative X-ray elemental mapping of dynamic physiologic events in skeletal muscle -- Single isolated cardiac myocytes frozen during voltage-camp pulses: A technique for
correlating X-ray micro-analysis data on calcium distribution with calcium inward current in the same cell -- X-ray microanalysis of fast exocytotic processes -- 4. Medical Application -- Electron probe microanalysis in pathology --
Microprobe analysis in medicine — present practice and future trends
ISBN:9783642744778
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Biophysics: 4
Keywords: Life sciences , Biochemistry , Cell biology , Biophysics , Biological physics , Biomedical engineering , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Cell Biology , Biomedical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461305651:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interacting Electrons in Reduced Dimensions
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (414 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0565-1
Contents:I. Methods -- A. Solvable Models and Analytic Results -- Brief History of a One-Dimensional Ground State Wave Function -- Two Theorems on the Hubbard Model -- A Model of Crystallization: A Variation on the Hubbard Model -- The
Fermi-Linearized Hubbard Model: Dimer Ground State -- Superconductivity of Itinerant Electrons Coupled to Spin Chains -- Valence Bond Spin Models: Ground States and Excitations -- B. Quantum Monte Carlo and Numerical Diagonalization
Methods -- Numerical Simulation of the Two Dimensional Hubbard Model -- Stable Matrix-Multiplication Algorithms for Low Temperature Numerical Simulations of Fermions -- Numerical Simulations of the Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model --
Monte Carlo Simulation of a Three-Band Model for High-Tc Superconductors -- Exact Valence-Bond Approach to Quantum Cell Models -- Lanczos Diagonalizations of the 1-D Peierls-Hubbard Model -- C. Variational and Perturbation Theoretic
Methods -- Variational Wave Functions for Correlated Lattice Fermions -- Variational Approach to Correlation Functions and to the Periodic Anderson Model in Infinite Dimensions -- The Hubbard Model in Infinite Dimensions -- Correlation
Functions for the Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model -- D. Density Functional Theory -- Density Functional Calculations for Strongly Correlated Systems -- Dimensionality Effects in trans-(CH) x -- II. Quasi-One Dimensional Models and
Materials -- A. Applicability of Hubbard-Type Models -- The Hubbard Model for One-Dimensional Solids -- Off-Diagonal Coulomb Interactions in the Extended Peierls-Hubbard Model: Exact Diagonalization Results -- Electron Correlation and
Peierls Instability -- B. Organic Conductors and Conjugated Polymers -- Instabilities in Half-Filled One-Dimensional Systems: Valence Bond Analysis -- Quantum Monte Carlo Study of Neutral-Ionic Transition -- Diagonal and Off-Diagonal
Electronic Interactions and Phonon Dynamics in an Extended Model of Polyacetylene -- Phonons and Quantum Fluctuations in a Dimerized Electron-Phonon Chain -- Scaling Approach to Electronic Correlations in Organic Conductors -- Peierls
Instability in Weakly Non-Ideal One-Dimensional Systems -- Use of the Spin Hamiltonian to Study the Spin-Peierls Instability and Magnetism in Conjugated Polymers -- A Two Band Model for Halogen-Bridged Transition Metal Linear Chain
Complexes -- Numerical Simulation of a One Dimensional Two Band Model -- Disordered Quantum Spin Chain and its Relevance to the Disordered Superconductor -- 1/n Expansion for Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnets -- III. Quasi-Two
Dimensional Models and Materials -- Fractional Quantum Hall Effect: Recent Developments -- Fröhlich Conduction of Spin Density Waves in Quasi-Two Dimensional Systems -- A Unified Theoretical Approach to Superconductors with Strong
Coulomb Correlations: The Organics, LiTi2O4, Electron- and Hole-Doped Copper Oxides and Doped BaBiO3 -- Spin Fluctuations and Quasiparticles in Cu-O Planes -- Electronic Properties and Spin-Correlations of CuO2-Planes in High
Temperature Superconductors -- Numerical Approach to Magnetic Mechanism of Superconductivity -- Parastatistics for Highly Correlated Two Dimensional Fermi Systems -- Composite vs Constituent Particle Aspects of Hole Motion in the CuO2
Plane -- S Pairing by Double Excitation of Triplet in Two Band System with Intermediate Electron Correlations -- Fermi Liquid Theory for High Temperature Superconductors
ISBN:9781461305651
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 213
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400954182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ices in the Solar System
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (880 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5418-2
Contents:Introduction: Scientific Background -- I: Physics and Remote Sensing of Ices -- The physics of Ice: Some fundamentals of planetary glaciology. -- Partial phase diagram for the system NH3 - H2O: The water-rich region. -- Phase
transitions in solid methane at high pressure. -- Clathrate hydrates in the Solar System -- Polymorphism in vapor deposited amorphous solid water. -- Rheologies of H2O Ices Ih, II, and III at high pressures: A progress report. -- Creep
of high-pressure Ice VI. -- Hugoniot of water Ice. -- Measurement of the extinction of water Ice particles. -- Spectral properties of water Ice and contaminants. -- Outer solar system materials: Ices and color systematics. -- II:
Cosmochemistry of Ices and Interplanetary Particles -- Evolution of Ices from interstellar space to the Solar System -- Formation history and environment of cometary nuclei -- Stable isotopic compositions of hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
and sulfur in meteoritic low temperature condensates -- Dust of variable porosities (densities) in the Solar System. -- Molecule formation in cometary environments -- Interaction between solar energetic particles and interplanetary
grains -- Sputtering of Water Ice at 30–140 K by 0.5 – 6.0 keV H+ and Ne+ ions. -- Charged particle modification of Ices in the saturnian and jovian systems. -- Laboratory studies of ion irradiations of water, sulfur dioxide and
methane Ices. -- Comment on the evolution of interplanetary grains. -- III: The Icy Nuclei of Comets -- Present status of the icy conglomerate model. -- The sublimation temperature of the cometary nucleus: Observational evidence for
H2O snows. -- Condensation and agglomeration of cometary Ice: the HDO/H2O ratio as tracer. -- Amorphous and porous Ices in cometary nuclei. -- Composition and structure of the comet nucleus and its evolution on a periodic orbit. --
Amorphous-crystalline phase transition and the light curve of comet P/Halley. -- Model for an icy halo in comets. -- Ice in cometary grains. -- Ultraviolet albedo of cometary grains. -- S2: A clue to the origin of cometary Ice? --
Formaldehyde in comet IRAS-Araki-Alcock (1983 d) Cosmogonical implications. -- The effect of dust halos and dust mantles on nuclear outgassing. -- What we do not know about cometary Ices: A review of the incomplete evidence. -- IV:
Ices on Mars -- The martian polar caps: A Review. -- Mars: Long term changes in the state and distribution of H2O. -- Subsurface Ice and permfrost on Mars. -- Geomorphologic evidence for ground Ice on Mars. -- Comment: Compared
distribution of H2O on Mars and the Earth. -- Hydrolithosphere and problems of subsurface Ice in the equatorial zone of Mars. -- V: Rings, Icy Satellites and Pluto -- Icy satellites, rings and Pluto. -- Shock vaporization and the
accretion of the icy satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. -- The composition and structure of planetary rings. -- Ices in planetary rings -- The small, icy satellites of Saturn. -- The shapes and strengths of small icy satellites. -- Icy
satellites of Uranus. -- The atmospheres of icy bodies. -- Evolution of Titan’s coupled ocean-atmosphere system and interaction of ocean with bedrock -- Importance of the tectonic motions on Ganymede. -- Some remarks on the geology of
Ganymede. -- Tectonics of Valhalla Basin on Callisto -- Chronology of surface units on the icy satellites of Saturn. -- Sulfur dioxide Ice on Io -- Methane Ice on Triton and Pluto -- Geology of Icy satellites -- VI: Summary of the
Highlights of the Conference -- Summary of the highlights of the conference -- Indexes -- Author Index -- Object Index
ISBN:9789400954182
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 156
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9789400985407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy A book based on the lectures given and the discussions that took place at the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at the Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc,Montpellier, France, July 17–31,1980
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (605 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-8540-7
Contents:1. The history of matrix isolation spectroscopy. -- Section A - Techniques -- 2. Infrared and Raman matrix isolation spectroscopy. -- 3. Electronic spectroscopy of matrix isolated solutes. -- 4. Magnetic circular dichroism - matrix
isolation spectroscopy. -- 5. Electron spin resonance studies of radicals trapped in rare-gas matrices. -- 6. Mössbauer spectroscopy on matrix-isolated species -- 7. Time and frequency resolved vibrational spectroscopy of matrix
isolated molecules: Population and phase relaxation processes. -- 8. Stable molecules. -- 9. Generation and trapping of unstable solutes in low temperature matrices. -- 10. The characterisation of high temperature molecules using
matrix isolation and vibrational spectroscopy. -- 11. High pressure studies. -- 12. Non-traditional matrix isolation: adducts. -- Section B - Matrix Effects -- 13. Interpretation of infrared and Raman spectra of trapped molecular
impurities from interaction potential calculations. -- 14. Matrix induced changes in the electronic spectra of isolated atoms and molecules. -- 15. Matrix effects studied by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. -- 16. Molecular motion
in matrices. -- 17. Vibrational band intensities in matrices. -- Section C - Applications -- 18. Matrix isolation spectroscopy of metal atoms and small clusters. -- 19. Vibrational spectra of matrix isolated gaseous ternary oxides. --
20. Matrix isolation spectra (IR, Raman) of transition metal compounds. -- 21. Metal carbonyls - structure, photochemistry, and IR lasers. -- 22. Matrix isolation vibrational spectroscopy on organic molecules. -- 23. Conformational
isomerism studied by matrix isolation vibrational spectroscopy. -- 24. Hydrogen bonding in matrices. -- Author Index
ISBN:9789400985407
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C - Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 76
Keywords: Chemistry , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Chemistry , Spectroscopy/Spectrometry , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781475700374:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Superconductor Materials Science: Metallurgy, Fabrication, and Applications
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (969 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-0037-4
Contents:1 Overview of Superconducting Materials Development -- I. Introduction -- II. Superconducting Materials of the First Kind -- A. Discovery -- B. Magnetic Properties -- C. Flux Penetration -- D. Nature of the Superconducting Transition
-- 1. Bulk phase transition -- 2. Thin film phase transition -- E. The Two Fluid Model -- F. The Microscopic Theory -- III. Superconducting Alloys and Compounds, Early Work -- A. Introduction -- B. Critical Temperature Behavior -- C.
Magnetic Field Behavior -- IV. Raising Tc With New Materials -- A. Introduction -- B. Transition Metal Alloys -- C. Carbides and Nitrides -- D. A15 Compounds -- 1. Progress in raising Tc -- 2. Present Tc situation -- 3. Factors
depressing Tc -- 4. Other features of A15 behavior -- V. Superconductors of the Second Kind -- A. Introduction -- B. Another Kind of Superconductor -- C. Type II Materials -- VI. Unusual Materials and Future Possibilities -- A.
Introduction -- B. Intercalation Compounds -- C. Organic Superconductors -- D. Low Carrier Density Superconductors -- E. Magnetic Superconductors -- F. Future Possibilities -- 2 Practical Superconducting Materials -- I. Introduction --
A. Practical Applications of Superconducting Materials -- B. Superconducting Materials in Common Use -- C. Problems in the Utilization of Superconducting Materials -- II. Stability: the General Problem -- A. Degradation and Training --
B. The Disturbance Spectrum -- C. Mechanical Sources of Disturbance -- D. Distributed Disturbances -- E. Point Disturbances -- F. Composite Conductors -- III. Flux Jumping -- A. General -- B. Screening Currents and the Critical State
Model -- C. Adiabatic Theory of Flux Jumping -- D. Filamentary Composites -- E. Dynamic Stability -- F. Dynamic Stability with Finite Superconductor Thickness -- IV. C0ryogenic Stabilization -- A. Size Effects -- B. Principles of
Cryogenic Stabilization -- C. Boiling Heat Transfer -- D. Resistivity of the Normal Metal -- E. Heat Conduction Effects -- F. Effect of Finite Superconductor Size -- G. Forced Flow Cooling -- H. Superfluid Helium -- I. Cryogenic
Stabilization in Practice -- V. AC Losses -- A. The Fundamental Loss Mechanism -- B. Hysteresis Loss -- C. Hysteresis Loss with Transport Current -- D. Filamentary Composites -- E. Self-Field Losses in Filamentary Composites -- F.
Longitudinal Field Effects -- G. Combined Losses -- VI. Quenching and Protection -- A. The General Problem -- B. Temperature Rise -- C. Voltage -- D. Self-Protecting Magnets -- E. Other Protection Techniques -- VII. Measurement
Techniques -- A. General -- B. Measurement of Critical Transport Current -- C. Measurement of Magnetization -- D. Measurement at Different Temperatures -- 3 Niobium-Titanium Superconducting Materials -- I. Introduction -- II.
Metallurgical and Structural Properties -- A. Phases of the Niobium-Titanium System -- B. Cold-Worked Microstructures -- C. Elastic and Plastic Mechanical Behavior -- D. Metallurgical Properties of Related Systems -- III. Physical
Properties -- IV. Superconducting Properties -- A. Basic Properties -- 1. Transition temperature and upper critical field -- 2. Paramagnetic limitation and spin-orbit scattering -- 3. Nb-Ti base ternary and quaternary systems -- B. The
Superconducting Critical Current Density -- 1. Measurement techniques -- 2. Critical current densities -- V. Industrial and Fabrication Considerations -- VI. Future Developments and New Directions -- A. Conventional Composites -- B.
Unconventional Developments -- 4 Metallurgy of Continuous Filamentary A15 Superconductors -- I. Introduction -- II. History of the “Bronze Process” -- A. Early History -- B. Evolution of the Process -- 1. The Ta diffusion barrier -- 2.
The external diffusion process -- 3. The internal tin diffusion process -- 4. Bronze in Nb tubing -- 5. WRAP process -- 6. Other modifications -- III. Metallurgical Principles -- A. Thermodynamic Considerations -- B. Kinetics -- 1.
Growth mechanisms -- 2. Experimental results -- IV. Influence of Metallurgical factors on Superconducting Properties -- A. Strains in Composite Superconductors and Their Influence on the Superconducting Properties -- B. Critical
Temperatures -- 1. Effects of heat treatments -- 2. Effects of additives -- C. Critical-Current Densities and Magnetic Fields -- 1. Flux pinning (the scaling law) -- 2. Temperature dependence -- 3. Grain size dependence -- 4. Effects
of heat treatments and alloying -- 5. What is required for high Jc? -- V. Future Directions -- 5 Fabrication Technology of Superconducting Material -- I. Introduction -- II. Technology OF Solid Solution Superconductors -- A. Basic
Properties of NbTi Alloys -- B. The influence of thermal treatment in the region of 873 K -- C. Mechanical Properties of NbTi Alloys -- D. Stress-Strain Behavior at Elevated Temperatures -- E. Raw Materials and Melting of NbTi -- F.
Melting NbTi Alloys -- G. Sources of Inhomogeneities and Imperfections in the Molten Ingots -- H. Conductors and Fabrication Parameters -- I. Extrusion Technology -- 1. Extrusion billets and sealing techniques for single and
multiextrusion -- 2. Extrusion presses and extrusion parameters -- 3. Extrusion temperature and preheating -- 4. Extrusion ram speed -- 5. Conductors containing mixed substrate -- J. Drawing Machinery, Twisting and Current Optimization
-- K. Current Density Optimization and Properties of Monolithic Filamentary Conductors -- L. The Anisotropy of Rectangularly~Shaped Conductors -- M. Occurrence of the Ti Cu-Phase -- III. A15 Solid Solution Conductors -- A. Basic
Properties of Nb3Sn and V Ga -- B. Principles of Solid State Diffusion -- C. Fabrication of the Conductors and Technology of High Sn-Content Bronzes -- D. Conductor Optimization with Respect to Layer Growth, Recrystalization,
Kirkendall Effect,Filament Diameter and Filament Distribution -- E. Influence of Mechanical Strain on Electrical Properties -- F. Remarks About the Measurement of Critical Current Density of Technical Conductors -- G. Stabilization and
Examples of Technical Conductors -- IV. Conductor Assembly By Braiding, Cabling, Mechanical Strengthening and Adding Stabilizers -- A. Technical Production of Flattened Cables and Braids -- B. Hollow Conductors and Fabrication
Principles -- C. Fabrication of High Current, High Strength Hollow Conductors -- 1. Strands -- 2. Cr-Ni core with Kapton insulation -- 3. Cabling and Soldering -- 4. Strip for the conduit -- 5. Conductor completion -- V. Future
Directions -- A. Solid Solution Superconductors -- B. A15 Superconductors -- 6 Alternative Fabrication Technologies for A15 Multifilamentary Superconductors -- I. Introduction -- II. Conventional Process Mechanical Assembly -- A.
Historical Note -- B. Nb3Sn Technology -- C. Status -- D. Need for Alternate Technologies -- III. IN SITU Solidification -- A. Introduction -- B. The Natural Dispersion of the Superconductor -- 1. Phase diagram, solidification process
-- 2. Melting and casting techniques -- C. Transformation into a Filamentary Superconductor -- 1. Mechanical deformation -- 2. Tin addition -- 3. Diffusion and reaction heat-treatment -- D. Superconducting Properties -- 1. Overall Jc
of Cu-Nb -- 2. Overall Jc of Cu-Sn wires -- 3. Overall Jc of Cu-Nb-Sn versus Nb concentration -- 4. Overall Jc of Cu-V-Ga -- E. Mechanical Properties -- 1. Mechanical properties of Cu-Nb-Sn -- 2. Pre-stress model -- 3. Mechanical
properties of Cu-V-Ga -- F. Experimental Observations on Connectivity -- 1. Random distribution -- 2. Filament geometry -- 3. Acid test -- 4. Unified perculation-proximity -- G. Research in Progress -- H. Scale-up Technologies -- IV.
Powder Metallurgy -- A. Introduction -- B. Cold Process -- 1. Experimental technique -- 2. Materials selection -- 3. Results -- 4. Potential -- 5. Research in progress -- C. Hot Process -- 1. Experimental technique -- 2. Results -- 3.
Potential -- D. Infiltration Process -- 1. Experimental technique -- 2. Results -- 3. Features -- 4. Scale-up technology -- V. Other Processes -- A. Metastable Solid Solution (Stoichiometric) -- B. Controlled Precipitation -- C.
Mechanical Alloying -- D. Modified Jelly Roll -- E. Energy Research Foundation (ECN) Process -- VI. Concluding Commentaries Future Developments -- 7 Mechanical Properties and StrainEffects in Superconductors -- I. Introduction -- A.
Sources of Mechanical Loads in Magnets -- 1. During fabrication -- 2. Differential thermal contraction -- 3. The Lorentz force -- B. Mechanical Properties of Superconductors -- II. Stress-Strain Characteristics -- A. Micromechanical
Model -- B. Stress-Strain Characteristics for Practical Conductors -- III. Effect of Uniaxial Strain on JC, Hc2, and Tc -- A. Mechanical-Electrical Interaction -- B. Jc-? Characteristics for Practical Superconductors -- 1.
Multifilamentary NbTi -- 2. Multifilamentary Nb3Sn -- 3. Multifilamentary V3Ga -- 4. CVD Nb3Ge tape -- C. Strain Scaling Law — Prediction of JC (B,?) -- 1. Scaling of pinning force curves -- 2. Strain scaling law -- 3. Application to
practical multifilamenttary Nb3Sn conductors -- D. General Scaling Law — Prediction of J (T, B, ?) -- E. Uniaxial-Strain Criterion for Magnet Design -- IV. Bending Strain -- A. Effect of Bending on Jc -- B. Prediction of Bending-Strain
Degradation from Uniaxial-Strain Measurements -- 1. Long twist pitch -- 2. Short twist pitch -- 3. Application -- C. Bending Strain Limits for Magnet Design -- D. Methods for Minimizing Bending Degradation -- 1. Cabling -- 2.
Wind-and-react magnet fabrication -- V. Fatigue -- A. Matrix Degradation -- 1. NbT -- 2. Nb3 Sn -- B. Micromechanical Model -- VI.Training -- A. Stress-Relief Model -- B. Materials -- C. Techniques for Minimizing Training -- 1. Crack
arrestors -- 2. Bond breakage and friction -- 3. Programmed winding tension -- 4. Magnet shakedown without quenching -- VII. Summary and Future Research Needs -- A. Summary of Material Strain Limits for Magnet Design -- B. Future
Research Areas -- 8 Phase Diag
ISBN:9781475700374
Series:eBooks
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Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series B. Physics: 68
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Applied and Technical Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436266:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Condensed Matter Systems
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (474 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3626-6
Contents:Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Systems: Introductory Comments -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A Theorist’s Ideal Glass -- 3. Systems Far From Equilibrium -- Phase Transitions in Low-Dimensional Systems and Renormalization Group Theory --
1. Phase Transitions and Some Simple Spin Models -- 2. Fluctuations and the Lower Critical Dimension -- 3. Values of Lower Critical Dimensionality for Some Spin Models -- 4. Fluctuations -- 5. Introduction to the Renormalization Group
-- Real-Space Renormalization-Group Method for Quantum Systems -- Upper Marginal Dimensionality, Concept and Experiment -- 1. Phenomenological Description -- 2. Mean Field Theory -- 3. Ginzburg Criterion -- 4. Experiments on LiTbF4 --
5. Conclusion -- Lower Marginal Dimensionality. X-Ray Scattering from the Smectic-A Phase of Liquid Crystals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Nematic and Smectic A Phases of Liquid Crystals -- 3. The Correlation Function in the Harmonic
Approximation -- 4. Experiment and Analysis -- 5. Results and Conclusions -- Appendix: Calculation of $$$$ in the SmA Phase -- Critical Fluctuations Under Shear Flow -- 1. Turbidity: TC change -- 2. The scattered light: Anisotropy
mean-field lowering of UCD? -- 3. Discussion -- 4. “Moralité” -- Lifshitz Points in Ising Systems with Competing Interactions -- 1. Introduction -- 2. One-dimensional Ising Systems with competing Interactions -- 3. Two-dimensional
Ising systems -- 4. Conclusions -- Elementary Excitations in Magnetic Chains -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Magnons in XY-like Magnetic Chains -- 3. The Anisotropic, Classical XY Chain -- 3.1 The Model -- 3.2 Intuitive Analysis at Low
Temperature for q = 2 and J = 0 -- 3.3 Energy of a Wall -- 3.4 Number of Walls -- 3.5 Antiferromagnets in a Magnetic Field -- 4. A Simple Dynamical Model: The Almost — Ising Antiferromagnetic Chain -- 4.1 The Model -- 4.2 Collisions
Between Two Solitons -- 5. Propagation of Broad Walls -- Experimental Studies of Linear and Nonlinear Modes in 1-D-Magnets -- 1. Real Systems Experimental Methods -- 2. Linear Excitations -- 3. Nonlinear Excitations -- Q-Dependence of
the Soliton Response in CsNiF3 At -- T = 10K and H =5kG -- Dynamics of the Sine-Gordon Chain: The Kink-Phonon Interaction, Soliton Diffusion and Dynamical Correlations -- 1. Statement of the Problem -- 2. A Kink-Phonon Collision -- 3.
Diffusive Motion of the Kink -- 4. Dynamical Correlation Functions -- The Spin-Wave Continuum of the S=1/2 Linear Heisenberg Antiferrornagnet -- Excitations and Phase Transitions in Random Anti-Ferromagnets -- Neutron Scattering --
Critical Phenomena at Phase Transitions -- Percolation -- Excitations of Dilute Magnets Near the Percolation Threshold -- Critical Properties of the Mixed Ising Ferromagnet -- Structure and Phase Transitions in Physisorbed Monolayers
-- History and Background -- Statistical Thermodynamics of Physical Adsorption -- Structural Investigations of Monolayers -- Substrate Influences -- Commensurate-Incommensurate Transition and Orientational Epitaxy -- Antiferromagnetism
in 0« Films -- Conclusion -- Two-Dimensional Solids and Their Interaction with Substrates -- I. Collective Phenomena and Phase Transitions in Two Dimensions -- 1.1 Early Theoretical Works -- 1.2 Experimental Situation -- II. Effect of
Substrate -- II.1 Two-Dimensional Solids and Adsorbed Layers -- II.2 Substrate Distortion and Related Effects -- II.3 Chemical Potential -- II.4 Substrate Potential -- II.5 Conclusion -- III. Walls and Domains -- III.1 A
One-Dimensional Model -- III.2 The Theory of Frank and Van der Merwe -- III.3 Aubry’s Theory -- III.4 Domains and Walls for Dimensions Larger than 1 -- IV. The Pokrovskii-Talapov Model -- IV.1 Hypotheses -- IV.2 Solution -- IV.3 Bragg
Singularities -- IV.4 The Pinning Transition -- V. Rate Gas Monolayers on Graphite or Lamellar Halides -- V.1 Introduction -- V.2 The Zero Temperature Theory of Bak, Mukamel, Villain and Wentowska -- V.3 Rare Gas Monolayers on
Hexagonal Substrates at T i 0 -- V.4 Effect of Substrate Distortions -- VI. The Novaco-Mc Tague Orientational Instability -- VI.1 General Argument -- VI.2 Case of Parallel Walls -- VI.3 Case of a Regular Network of Intersecting Walls
-- VI.4 Finite Temperatures -- VI.5 Microscopic Theories -- Appendix A. Bragg Singularities of a 2-D, Harmonic Crystal -- Appendix B. Interaction between two Solutions -- Appendix C. Partition function of the Pokrovskii-Talapov Model
Near the Commensurable-Incommensurable Transition -- Appendix D. Bragg Singularities of the Pokrovskii-Talapov Model Near the C-I Transition -- Appendix E. The Roughening Transition -- The Dislocation Theory of Melting: History, Status
and Prognosis -- 1. Introduction -- 2. History -- 3. Status -- 4. Prognosis -- The Kosterlitz-Thouless Theory of Two-Dimensional Melting -- Phase Transitions and Orientational Order in a Two-Dimensional Lennard-Jones System -- The
Roughening Transition -- I. Introduction -- II. The solid-On-Solid Model -- III. The BCF Argument -- IV. Experimental Results -- V. Monte Carlo Calculations: Qualitative Features -- VI. Static Critical Behavior -- VII. Roughening
Dynamics and the Kosterlitz Renormalization Group Method -- VIII.The FSOS Model and Mc Calculations -- IX. Final Remarks -- Statics and Dynamics of the Roughening Transition: A Self-Consistent Calculation -- I. Introduction -- II.
Roughening Transition -- III. Two-Dimensional Planar Model -- IV. Conclusions -- Fluctuations in Two-Dimensional Six-Vertex Systems -- Light Scattering Studies of the Two-Dimensional Phase Transition in Squaric Acid -- 1. Introduction
-- 2. Light Scattering Studies -- 3. Order Parameter -- 4. Order Flucatuations -- 5. Peak Shape and Width -- 6. Disorder Induced Scattering -- 7. Conclusions -- Monte Carlo Simulation of Dilute Systems and of Two-Dimensional Systems --
I. Introduction -- II. Ferromagnets Diluted with Nonmagnetic Impurities and Related Systems -- III. Models for Quasi-Two-Dimensional (2D) Magnets -- IV. Lattice Gas Models for Adsorbed Monolayers at Surfaces -- Order and Fluctuations
in Smectic Liquid Crystals -- I. Introduction -- II. The Nematic Phase -- III.The Nematic-Smectic A Transition and The Smectic A Phase -- IV. The Smectic C Phase and Smc-SmA Transition -- v. Liquid Crystals and Lower Dimensional
Physics -- Dislocations and Disclinations in Smectic Systems -- Translational Defects -- Orientational Defects -- Non-Elementary Defects -- Observation of Dislocations -- Dislocation Motion -- “Pair Creation” of Disclinations --
Defects and Phase Transitions -- Fluctuations and Freezing in a One-Dimensional Liquid:Hg3-?AsF6 -- The Model Hamiltonian -- High Temperature Properties (T > TC) -- Long Range Order -- Dynamics -- The Effect of Pressure on the
Modulated Phases of TTF-TCNQ -- Spin Glasses A Brief Review of Experiments, Theories, and Computer Simulations -- 1. Spin Glass Materials and Experiments -- 2. Theoretical Models and Concepts -- 3. Spin-Glass Freezing: Phase Transition
or Nonequilibrium Effect? -- 4. Conclusions and Outlook -- Random Anisotropy Spin-Glass -- Exact Results for a One-Dimensional Random-Anisotropy Spin Glass -- On Critical Slowing-down in Spin Glasses -- Participants
ISBN:9781468436266
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series B: Physics: 50
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1970-9781468407211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativity Proceedings of the Relativity Conference in the Midwest, held at Cincinnati, Ohio, June 2–6, 1969
Author(s):
Date:1970
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-0721-1
Contents:Soluble Models of Quantum Gravitation -- The Quantization Program for General Relativity -- Particles and Geometry -- The Sandwich Conjecture -- Classical and Quantum Dynamics of a Closed Universe -- Post-Newtonian Methods and
Conservation Laws -- Relativistic Boltzmann Theory and the Grad Method of Moments -- A Lemma on the Einstein-Liouville Equations -- Gravitational Radiation Experiments -- General Relativity Experiments Using Low Temperature Techniques
-- Contribution to the History of Einstein’s Geometry as a Branch of Physics -- Gravitational Radiation Damping -- The Nature of the Schwarzschild Singularity -- Singularities -- Energy-Momentum of Radiating Systems -- The Theory of
Superspace -- Spacetime as a Sheaf of Geodesics in Superspace -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468407211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:QC9.O44F42::2005 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics at a research university Case Western Reserve 1830-1990
Author(s): William Fickinger
(Case Western Reserve U.)
Date:2006
Publisher:Cleveland, Ohio : Case Western Reserve U.
Size:360 p
Contents:The Young Ivy Leaguers
Edward W. Morley : Physical Chemist
Albert A Michelson: Light and Ether
Dayton C. Miller: X-rays, Flutes and More Ether
University Physics : The Middle Years at WRU
robert S. Shankland : Modern Physics Arrives
Case Experiment Takes Off
Neutrinos and Cosmic Rays
Case Theory
WRU Experiment Takes Off
WRU Theory
Case Experiment Round 2
Case Nuclear and Particle Theory
WRU Experiment Round 2
Low Temperature Experiment
Particle Experiment
Materials Theory
New People, New Physics
ISBN:9780977338603
Keywords: Case Western Reserve University. Dept. of Physics , Physics Research Ohio Cleveland History , Physics Study and teaching (Higher) Ohio Cleveland History
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Call number:QC278.C79::1985 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryogenic Science and Technology with contributions by Leo I. Dana
Author(s): Russell J. Donnelly (ed.)
Arthur W. Francis (ed.)
Date:1985
Publisher:Union Carbide Corp.: [Danbury, Conn.]
Size:91 pgs.
Note:Edited, with commentary by Donnelly and Francis
Contents:1. Early Research in Low Temperature Physics, 2. My Experience at the University of Leiden, Holland, Low Temperature Research Laboratory Sept. 1922 - July, 1923, 3. The Nature and Significance of the Lambda Transiton, 4. Leo Dan's Industrial Career, Appendices: A. Biographical Note on Leo Dana, B. List of Publications by Leo Dana, C. List of U.S. Patents Granted to Leo Dana, Dl. Reprint of Paters by Dana and Kamerlingh Onnes
ISBN:0914096176
Keywords: Physicists - United States - Biography , Low temperature - History , Low temperature - Research - Netherlands - Leiden - History , Cold , Freezing , Dana, Leo I.(Leo Isadore), 1895-
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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