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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD LOW TEMPERATURES *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/25977.66 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword low temperatures ( in books using www
Call number:TR-DISS-1510 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transient Heat Transfer to Supercritical Helium at Low Temperatures
Author(s): William Berend Bloem 1955-
(Delft Tech. U.)
Date:1986
Edition:PhD Thesis
Size:209 pgs.
Note:No Full Text Available Online
Keywords: Helium at low temperatures.
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Report-number:TR-DISS-1510

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Call number:TP490.M416::1983 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Materials at low temperatures
Author(s): R.P. Reed
Date:1983
Publisher:Metals Park, Ohio : ASM
Size:590 p
ISBN:0871701464
Keywords: Materials at low temperatures
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Call number:TP490.IN7::1988 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryogenic materials '88
Conference:International Cryogenic Materials Conference, Shenyang, China, 1988
Author(s): R.P. Reed
Date:1988
Publisher:International Cryogenic Materials Conference, Boulder, Colo
Size:2
Keywords: Materials at low temperatures Congresses. , Conference proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:TP480.IN9 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Low temperatures and electric power: transmission, motors, transformers and other equipment, cryogenics and properties of materials. Cryoelectrotechnique: transport d'electricite, moteurs, transformateurs et autres equipements cryogenie et proprietes des materiaux.
Author(s): International Institute of Refrigeration
Date:1970
Publisher:Pergamon Press, New York
Size:449
Series:International Institute of Regrigeration. Bulletin. Annexe 1969, 1.
Keywords: Low temperature engineering Congresses. , Conference proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:TP480.IN8::1996 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference and the 1996 International Cryogenic Materials Conference (ICEC 16 - ICMC 1996): Kitakyushu, Japan, 20-24 May 1996
Conference:16 International Cryogenic Engineering Conference and International Cryogenic Materials Conference (ICEC 16 - ICMC 1996)
[C96-05-20.3]
Author(s): T. Haruyama (ed.)
Date:1997
Publisher:Elsevier, Oxford
Size:3 volumes
ISBN:0080426883
Keywords: Materials at Low Temperatures - Congresses. , Conference Proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:TA480.A6P69::1999 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Properties of Aluminum Alloys : Tensile, Creep, and Fatigue Data at High and Low Temperatures
Author(s): J. Gilbert Kaufman
Date:1999
Publisher:ASM International
ISBN:0871706326
Keywords: Aluminum alloys, Mechanical properties
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Call number:TA418.28.K846 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Alloys for cryogenics : a reference manual
Author(s): Pavel Filippovich Koshelev
Date:1976
Publisher:Scientific Information Consultants Ltd, London
Size:10374
ISBN:0901379166
Keywords: Metals at low temperatures Charts, diagrams, etc.
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Call number:TA418.24.W639 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mechanical properties of materials at low temperatures
Author(s): D.A. Wigley
Date:1971
Publisher:Plenum Press, New York
Size:325
ISBN:0306305143
Series:The International cryogenics monograph series no. 106
Keywords: Materials at low temperatures Congresses. , Conference proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:TA418.24.C8::1970A Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryogenic materials data handbook
Author(s): Fred R. Schwartzberg
Date:1970
Publisher:Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio : Air Force Materials Laboratory, Air Force Systems Command
Size:2 v.
Note:Technical documentary report. AMFL-TDR-64-280 (revised 1970)
Note:Photocopy. National Technical Information Service, 1996. 28 cm.
Keywords: Materials at low temperatures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9784431558828:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Classical Pendulum Feels Quantum Back-Action
Author(s): Nobuyuki Matsumoto
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-55882-8
Contents:Introduction -- Theory of Optomechanics -- Application of Optomechanics -- Optical Torsional Spring -- Experimental Setup -- Experimental Results -- The Future -- Conclusions.
ISBN:9784431558828
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Lasers , Photonics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Laser Technology, Photonics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Low Temperature Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662485262:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scattering Theory
Author(s): Harald Friedrich
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48526-2
Contents:Classical Scattering Theory. -Elastic scattering by a conservative potential. – Internal excitation, Inelastic scattering. - Special topics -- Appendices -- Index
ISBN:9783662485262
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Low Temperature Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319272337:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interferometry with Interacting Bose-Einstein Condensates in a Double-Well Potential
Author(s): Tarik Berrada
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (67 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27233-7
Contents:Introduction -- Theoretical Framework -- Experimental Setup and Techniques -- A Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Trapped, Interacting Bose-Einstein Condensates -- Outlook: Bosonic Josephson Junctions Beyond the Two-Mode Approximation
ISBN:9783319272337
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Low Temperature Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319258294:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Artificial Gauge Fields with Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices
Author(s): Monika Aidelsburger
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25829-4
Contents:Introduction -- Square Lattice with Magnetic field -- Artificial Gauge Fields with Laser-Assisted Tunneling -- Overview of the Experimental Setup and Measurement Techniques -- Staggered Magnetic Flux -- Harper-Hofstadter Model and
Spin Hall Effect -- All-Optical Setup for Flux Rectification -- Chern-Number Measurement of Hofstadter Bands -- Conclusions and Outlook
ISBN:9783319258294
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Low Temperature Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319240916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Superconducting Devices in Quantum Optics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (26 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24091-6
Contents:Part I Superconducting single –photon detectors in quantum optics -- Superconducting nanowire architectures for single photon detection -- Photon number resolving transition edge sensors in quantum optics -- Waveguide integrated
SNSPDs in GaAs -- Waveguide integrated SNSPDs in silicon photonic circuits -- Part II Microwave quantum optics with superconducting circuits -- Single photonics at microwave frequencies -- Entanglement in superconducting circuits --
Quantum measurement and feedback -- Quantum feedback -- Part III Enabling future quantum interfaces and networks -- Interfacing solid state qubits and telecom wavelength photons via superconducting detectors -- Quantum information
networks with superconducting single photon detectors -- Surface Acoustic Waves and circuit QED
ISBN:9783319240916
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum optics , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Optics , Low Temperature Physics , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319092539:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas
Author(s): Jorge Loureiro
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (142 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-09253-9
Contents:Part I Electron Kinetics -- Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Electrical Discharges -- Chapter 2 Kinetic Description of a Plasma -- Chapter 3 Boltzmann Equation in Velocity Space -- Chapter 4 Boltzmann Equation with Time-Varying Fields --
Chapter 5 Electron, Transport, Ionization and Attachment -- Chapter 6 Presence of Space Charge Fields -- Part II Plasma Spectroscopy -- Chapter 7 Classification of Equilibria in Plasmas -- Chapter 8 Emission Spectroscopy -- Chapter 9
Absorption Spectroscopy -- Chapter 10 Laser Spectroscopy -- Chapter 11 Applications of Low-Temperature Plasmas.
ISBN:9783319092539
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Industrial engineering , Production engineering , Physics , Plasma Physics , Low Temperature Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Industrial and Production Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401789691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Properties of Solids at Room and Cryogenic Temperatures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Guglielmo Ventura
Mauro Perfetti
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a guide for materials scientists, physicists, chemists and engineers who wish toexplore the field of low-temperature material properties. The focus is on heat capacity, thermal expansion and electrical and thermalconductivity. The author s report a wide range of experimental details and data, and have compiled useful tables of low-temperature data. Each chapter of the book starts by addressing the theoretical basis of the phenomena. This is aconcise presentation, but it helps the reader t o develop a deeper understanding of the experiments. The second part of the chapters is dedicated to describing the main experimental techniques to measure thermal properties at low andvery low temperature ranges. The final part of each chapter provides a wealth of relevant experimental data in the form of tables and graphs
Contents:Preface
Dedication
Part I
1 Heat Capacity
2 How to Measure Heat Capacity at Low Temperatures
3 Data of Specific Heat
Part II
4 Thermal Expansion
5 How to Measure Thermal Expansion Coefficient at Low Temperatures
6 Data of Thermal Expansion
Part III
7 Electrical and Thermal conductivity
8 How to Measure Thermal Conductivity
10 Data of Thermal Conductivity
ISBN:9789401789691
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:International Cryogenics Monograph Series, 0538-7051
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642539770:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theoretical and Experimental Studies on Non-Fourier Heat Conduction Based on Thermomass Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hai-Dong Wang
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book mainly focuses on the theoretical and experimental study of non-Fourier heat conduction behavior. A novel thermomass theory is used as the theoretical basis, which provides a general heat conduction equation for theaccurate prediction of no n-Fourier heat conduction. In order to prove the validity of this thermomass theory, a large current was used to heat the metallic nanofilm at the minimum temperature of 3 K. The measured average temperature ofthe nanofilm was notably higher than the pred iction of Fouriers heat diffusion equation, while matching well with the general heat conduction equation. This is the first time that steady non-Fourier heat conduction has beenobserved. Moreover, this book concerns the role of electron-phonon interactio n in metallic nanofilms, which involves the breakdown of the Wiedemann-Franz law at low temperatures and interfacial thermal resistance at femtosecondtimescales. Readers will find useful information on non-Fourier heat conduction and the latest advances i n the study of charge and heat transport in metallic nanofilms
Contents:Introduction
Thermomass theory for non
Fourier heat conduction
Experimental investigation of thermal wave and temperature wave
Experimental proof of steady
state non
Fourier heat conduction
Conclusions
ISBN:9783642539770
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319004259:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hadronic Transport Coefficients from Effective Field Theories [electronic resource]
Author(s): Juan M Torres-Rincon
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This dissertation focuses on the calculation of transport coefficients in the matter created in a relativistic heavy-ion collision after chemical freeze-out. This matter can be well approximated using a pion gas out ofequilibrium. We describe the the oretical framework needed to obtain the shear and bulk viscosities, the thermal and electrical conductivities and the flavor diffusion coefficients of a meson gas at low temperatures. To describe theinteractions of the degrees of freedom, we use effective field theories with chiral and heavy quark symmetries. We subsequently introduce the unitarization methods in order to obtain a scattering amplitude that satisfies the unitaritycondition exactly, then go on to calculate the transport properties of the lo w-temperature phase of quantum chromodynamics - the hadronic medium - which can be used in hydrodynamic simulations of a relativistic heavy-ion collision andits subsequent evolution. We show that the shear viscosity over entropy density exhibits a minimum in a phase transition by studying this coefficient in atomic Argon (around the liquid-gas phase transition) and in the linear sigmamodel in the limit of a large number of scalar fields (which presents a chiral phase transition). Finally, we provide an ex perimental method for estimating the bulk viscosity in relativistic heavy-ion collisions by performingcorrelations of the fluctuating components of the stress-energy tensor
Contents:Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
Boltzmann
Uehling
Uhlenbeck Equation
Shear Viscosity and KSS Coefficient
Bulk Viscosity
Thermal and Electrical Conductivities
Bhatnagar
Gross
Krook or Relaxation Time Approximation
Strangeness Diffusion
Charm Diffusion
Linear Sigma Model and Phase Transitions
Measurement of the Bulk Viscosity
ISBN:9783319004259
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642331053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Approach to Quantum Field Theory [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Andreas Wipf
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Over the past few decades the powerful methods of statistical physics and Euclidean quantum field theory have moved closer together, with common tools based on the use of path integrals. The interpretation of Euclidean fieldtheories as particular sys tems of statistical physics has opened up new avenues for understanding strongly coupled quantum systems or quantum field theories at zero or finite temperatures. Accordingly, the first chapters of this bookcontain a self-contained introduction to path in tegrals in Euclidean quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. The resulting high-dimensional integrals can be estimated with the help of Monte Carlo simulations based on Markovprocesses. The most commonly used algorithms are presented in detail so as to prepare the reader for the use of high-performance computers as an experimental tool for this burgeoning field of theoretical physics. Several chaptersare then devoted to an introduction to simple lattice field theories and a variety of spin systems wi th discrete and continuous spins, where the ubiquitous Ising model serves as an ideal guide for introducing the fascinating area ofphase transitions. As an alternative to the lattice formulation of quantum field theories, variants of the flexible renormal ization group methods are discussed in detail. Since, according to our present-day knowledge, all fundamentalinteractions in nature are described by gauge theories, the remaining chapters of the book deal with gauge theories without and with matter. This text is based on course-tested notes for graduate students and, as such, its style isessentially pedagogical, requiring only some basics of mathematics, statistical physics, and quantum field theory. Yet it also contains some more sophisticated concepts w hich may be useful to researchers in the field. Each chapter endswith a number of problems guiding the reader to a deeper understanding of some of the material presented in the main text a
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Path Integrals in Quantum and Statistical Mechanics
High
Dimensional Integrals
Monte
Carlo Simulations in Quantum Mechanics
Scalar Fields at Zero and Finite Temperature
Classical Spin Models: An Introduction
Mean Field Approximation
Transfer Matrices, Correlation Inequalities and Roots of Partition Functions
High
Temperature and Low
Temperature Expansions
Peierls Argument and Duality Transformations
Renormalization Group on the Lattice
Functional Renormalization Group
Lattice Gauge Theories
Two
dimensional Lattice Gauge Theories and Group Int
ISBN:9783642331053
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v864
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642241215:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Studying Atomic Dynamics with Coherent X-rays [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Leitner
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Diffusion in solids at moderate temperatures is a well-known phenomenon. However, direct experimental evidence about the responsible atomic-scale mechanisms has been scarce, due to difficulties in probing the relevant length-and time-scales. The pres ent thesis deals with the application of X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (XPCS) for answering such questions. This is an established method for the study of slow dynamics on length-scales of a fewnanometres. The scattered intensity in the diffuse re gime, i.e. corresponding to atomic distances, is very low, however, and so it has so far been considered impossible to use XPCS for this problem. Threefold progress is reported inthis work: It proposes a number of systems selected for high diffuse intensi ty, it optimizes the photon detection and data evaluation procedures, and it establishes theoretical models for interpretating the results. Together theseadvances allowed the first successful atomic-scale XPCS experiment, which elucidated the role of pref erred configurations for atomic jumps in a copper-gold alloy. The growth in available coherent X-ray intensity together withnext-generation X-ray sources will open up a wide field of application for this new method
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Theory
Linking Theory to Experiments
Characteristics of Diffusion in Selected Systems
Data Evaluation
Considerations Concerning the Experiment
Experimental Results
Outlook
Appendix
ISBN:9783642241215
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400712324:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Model of the Response Function of CUORE Bolometers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Marco Vignati
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The neutrino is probably the most elusive elementary particle discovered so far. Its mass is very small and still unknown, and it is considered a key quantity in many theories beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. Thesmallness of the mass co uld be explained if neutrinos are, unlike all other particles, equal to their own antiparticles, thus following the conjecture of E. Majorana. The double beta decay without emission of neutrinos is a nuclearprocess that can happen only if the neutrino is a Majorana particle. Observation of this decay would therefore necessarily imply that neutrinos are Majorana particles and would set the mass scale, a breakthrough in our understanding ofnature. The CUORE experiment will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay in 130Te, using 1 ton of TeO2 bolometric detectors. Bolometers are calorimeters that operate at cryogenic temperatures, able to measure the temperaturerise produced by the energy release of an impinging particle. They feature good resolution a nd low background, making them excellent detectors to search for rare decays. The performances of the experiment are currently limited bytemperature instabilities of the bolometers and by a poor understanding of their data. Measuring the energy deposited by a particle, in fact, is complicated and the shape of the signal depends on the energy. In this thesis a model ofthe signal of TeO2 bolometers is developed. It is able to explain the origin of the unwanted features that would limit the performances of C UORE. The application of the model to data from test bolometers led to great improvements ofthe results in terms of energy resolution, energy calibration, and signal shape discrimination. This thesis has been awarded at the Department of Physics, Universi ta di Roma - La Sapienza, Italy. With a Foreword by Professor FernandoFerroni
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword by Fernando Ferroni 1 Neutrino masses and double beta decay
2 TeO2 bolometric detectors for 0_DBD search
3 Model of the response function of CUORE bolometers
4 Thermal response analysis
5 Thermal response analysis on the Three Towers detector
6. Conclusions. Appendix A:Thermal response analysis on the CCVR detector Appendix B: Precision measurements on the Three Towers detector
ISBN:9789400712324
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses : v38
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642228667:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Many-Body Schrdinger Dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensates [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kaspar Sakmann
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:At extremely low temperatures, clouds of bosonic atoms form what is known as a Bose-Einstein condensate. Recently, it has become clear that many different types of condensates -- so called fragmented condensates -- exist. Inorder to tell whether frag mentation occurs or not, it is necessary to solve the full many-body Schrdinger equation, a task that remained elusive for experimentally relevant conditions for many years. In this thesis the firstnumerically exact solutions of the time-dependent many-bo dy Schrdinger equation for a bosonic Josephson junction are provided and compared to the approximate Gross-Pitaevskii and Bose-Hubbard theories. It is thereby shown that thedynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates is far more intricate than one would anticip ate based on these approximations. A special conceptual innovation in this thesis are optimal lattice models. It is shown how all quantum latticemodels of condensed matter physics that are based on Wannier functions, e.g. the Bose/Fermi Hubbard model, can be optimized variationally. This leads to exciting new physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Theory
General Methods for the Quantum Dynamics of Identical Bosons
Lattice Models for the Quantum Dynamics of Identical Bosons
Reduced Density Matrices and Coherence of Trapped Interacting Bosons
Exact Quantum Dynamics of a Bosonic Josephson Junction
Quantum Dynamics of Attractive vs. Repulsive Bosonic Josephson Junctions: Bose
Hubbard and full
Hamiltonian Results
Optimal Time
Dependent Lattice Models for Nonequilibrium Dynamics
Final Remarks and Outlook
Appendices
ISBN:9783642228667
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642022333:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Plasma Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Kunze
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Although based on lectures given for graduate students and postgraduates starting in plasma physics, this concise introduction to the fundamental processes and tools is as well directed at established researchers who are newcomersto spectroscopy and seek quick access to the diagnostics of plasmas ranging from low- to high-density technical systems at low temperatures, as well as from low- to high-density hot plasmas. Basic ideas and fundamental concepts areintroduced as well as typical instrumentatio n from the X-ray to the infrared spectral regions. Examples, techniques and methods illustrate the possibilities. This book directly addresses the experimentalist who actually has to carryout the experiments and their interpretation. For that reason about half of the book is devoted to experimental problems, the instrumentation, components, detectors and calibration
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantities of Spectroscopy
Spectroscopic Instruments
Detectors
Calibration
Radiative Processes in Plasmas
Collisional Processes
Kinetics of the Population of Atomic Levels in Plasmas
Line Broadening
Diagnostic Applications
ISBN:9783642022333
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v56
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540887850:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Cryobiology [electronic resource] : Physical Phenomena and Mathematical Models
Author(s): Alexander I Zhmakin
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book gives a summary of the state-of-the-art of cryobiology and its applications. The accent is on the underlying physical phenomena, which are common in such opposite applications as cryosurgery and cryoconservation, and thecorresponding mathema tical models, including numerical ones. The treatment of some more special issues is moved to the appendices. The glossary contains definitions and explanations of the major entities. All the topics considered arewell referenced. The book is useful to bot h biologists and physicits of different level including practioners and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Action of Low Temperatures in Nature and Medicine
Ice Formation in Biological Medium
Biological Effects of Low Temperatures
Cryoaction In Silico
Imitation Models
Microscopic Models
Macroscopic Models
Conclusions
ISBN:9783540887850
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540787655:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Aspects of Physical Biology [electronic resource] : Biological Water, Protein Solutions, Transport and Replication
Author(s): G Franzese
M Rubi
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The application to Biology of the methodologies developed in Physics is attracting an increasing interest from the scientific community. It has led to the emergence of a new interdisciplinary field, called Physical Biology, withthe aim of reaching a better understanding of the biological mechanisms at molecular and cellular levels. Statistical Mechanics in particular plays an important role in the development of this new field. For this reason, the XXthsession of the famous Sitges Conference on Stati stical Physics was dedicated to Physical Biology: from Molecular Interactions to Cellular Behavior. As is by now tradition, a number of lectures were subsequently selected, expandedand updated for publication as lecture notes, so as to provide both a stat e-of-the-art introduction and overview to a number of subjects of broader interest and to favor the interchange and cross-fertilization of ideas betweenbiologists and physicists. The present volume focuses on three main subtopics (biological water, protei n solutions as well as transport and replication), presenting for each of the them the on-going debates on recent results. The roleof water in biological processes, the mechanisms of protein folding, the phases and cooperative effects in biological soluti ons, the thermodynamic description of replication, transport and neural activity, all are subjects that arerevised in this volume, based on new experiments and new theoretical interpretations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Biological Water
Dynamics of Water at Low Temperatures and Implications for Biomolecules
Anomalous Behaviour of Supercooled Water and Its Implication for Protein Dynamics
Interactions of Polarizable Media inWater and the Hydrophobic Interaction
Protein and Biological Solutions
Metastable Mesoscopic Phases in Concentrated Protein Solutions
Application of Discrete Molecular Dynamics to Protein Folding and Aggregation
Cooperative Effects in Biological Suspensions: From Filaments to Propellers
Transport and Replication
A Thermodynamic Description of Active Transport
E
ISBN:9783540787655
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v752
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Statistical physics , Soft condensed matter , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402084225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems [electronic resource] : Status, Open Questions and Challenges
Author(s): Vronique Ghetta
Dominique Gorse
Dominique Mazire
Vassilis Pontikis
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Global warming, shortage of low-cost oil resources and the increasing demand for energy are currently controlling the world's economic expansion while often opposing desires for sustainable and peaceful development. In thiscontext, atomic energy sati sfactorily fulfills the criteria of low carbon gas production and high overall yield. However, in the absence of industrial fast-breeders the use of nuclear fuel is not optimal, and the production of highactivity waste materials is at a maximum. These are the principal reasons for the development of a new, fourth generation of nuclear reactors, minimizing the undesirable side-effects of current nuclear energy production technologywhile increasing yields by increasing operation temperatures and opening the way for the industrial production of hydrogen through the decomposition of water. The construction and use of such reactors is hindered by several factors,including performance limitations of known structural materials, particularly if the life of the pr ojected systems had to extend over the periods necessary to achieve low costs (at least 60 years). This book collects lectures andseminars presented at the homonymous NATO ASI held in autumn 2007 at the Institut dEtudes Scientifiques in Cargse, France. Th e adopted approach aims at improving and coordinating basic knowledge in materials science andengineering with specific areas of condensed matter physics, the physics of particle/matter interaction and of radiation damage. It is our belief that this metho dology is crucially conditioning the development and the industrialproduction of new structural materials capable of coping with the requirements of these future reactors
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Energy Issue and the Possible Contribution of the Various Nuclear Energy Production Scenarios
Outlook on Generation IV Nuclear Systems and Related Materials R&D Challenges
Fundamentals of Neutronics: Reactivity Coefficients in Nuclear Reactors
to Thermodynamics
Kinetics of Phase Transformation in Multi
Component Systems
Ab Initio Approaches to Designing Thermodynamic Properties of Materials
Correlation between Electronic Structure, Magnetism and Physical Properties of Fe
Cr alloys: Ab Initio Modeling
The Computational Modeling of Alloys: From Ab Initio Calculations and
ISBN:9781402084225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Computer science , Engineering , Nuclear engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540463603:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Matter and Methods at Low Temperatures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Pobell
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Matter and Methods at Low Temperatures contains a wealth of information essential for successful experiments at low temperatures, which makes it suitable as a reference and textbook. The first chapters describe thelow-temperature properties of liquid and solid matter, including liquid helium. The major part of the book is devoted to refrigeration techniques and the physics on which they rely, the definition of temperature, thermometry, and avariety of design and construction techniques. The lively st yle and practical basis of this text make it easy to read and particularly useful to anyone beginning research in low-temperature physics. Low-temperature scientists will findit of great value due to its extensive compilation of materials data and relevan t new results on refrigeration, thermometry, and materials properties. Problems are included as well. Furthermore, this third edition also describes newlydeveloped low-temperature experimentation techniques and new materials properties it also contains ma ny additional references and a list of suppliers of cryogenic equipment
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Properties of Cryoliquids
Solid Matter at Low Temperatures
Thermal Contact and Thermal Isolation
Helium
4 Cryostats
Helium
3 Cryostats
The 3HE
4HE Dilution Refrigerator
Refrigeration by Solidification of Liquid 3HE: Pomeranchuck Cooling
Refrigeration by Adiabatic Demagnetization of a Paramagnetic Salt
Refrigeration by Adiabatic Nuclear Demagnetization
Temperature Scales and Temperature Fixed Points
Low
Temperature Thermometry
Miscellaneous Cryogenic Devices and Design Aids and New Developments
Some Comments on Low Temperature Electronics
ISBN:9783540463603
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387687346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of High-Temperature Superconductivity [electronic resource] : Theory and Experiment
Author(s): J. Robert Schrieffer
James S Brooks
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since the 1980s, a general theme in the study of high-temperature superconductors has been to test the BCS theory and its predictions against new data. At the same time, this process has engendered new physics, new materials, andnew theoretical frame works. Remarkable advances have occurred in sample quality and in single crystals, in hole and electron doping in the development of sister compounds with lower transition temperatures, and in instruments to probestructure and dynamics. Handbook of High-T emperature Superconductvity is a comprehensive and in-depth treatment of both experimental and theoretical methodologies by the the world's top leaders in the field. The Editor, Nobel LaureateJ. Robert Schrieffer, and Associate Editor James S. Brooks, hav e produced a unified, coherent work providing a global view of high-temperature superconductivity covering the materials, the relationships with heavy-fermion and organicsystems, and the many formidable challenges that remain
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Review of Low Tc Experimental Facts
Review of Low Tc Theory
High Temperature Superconductivity Discovery and History
Electron Tunneling
ARPES
Microwave Properties
NMR/ESR
Neutron Scattering
Optical Properties
Cuprate Superconductivity
Thermodynamic Properties
Transport Properties
High Pressure Effects
Acoustic and Elastic Properties
Organic Superconductors
Heavy Fermions
Numerical Studies of the Properties of Quantum Many Body Models of High Temperature Superconductivity Systems
Nearly Antiferromagnetic Spin Fluctuations Theories of High Tempe
ISBN:9780387687346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Superconductivity , Magnetism , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540265764:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Charged Particle Traps [electronic resource] : Physics and Techniques of Charged Particle Field Confinement
Author(s): Fouad G Major
Viorica N Gheorghe
Gnther Werth
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an introduction and guide to modern advances in charged particle (and antiparticle) confinement by electromagnetic fields. Confinement in different trap geometries, the influence of trap imperfections, classicaland quantum mechanic al description of the trapped particle motion, different methods of ion cooling to low temperatures, and non-neutral plasma properties (including Coulomb crystals) are the main subjects. They form the basis of suchapplications of charged particle traps as high-resolution optical and microwave spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, atomic clocks, and, potentially, quantum computing
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Paul Trap
The Penning Trap
Other Traps
Loading of Traps
Trapped Charged Particle Detection
Quantum States of Motion
Coherent States for Dynamical Groups
State Engineering and Reconstruction
Trapped Ion Temperature
Radiative Cooling
Buffer Cooling
Resistive Cooling
Laser Cooling
Adiabatic Cooling
Trapped Non
Neutral Plasma
Plasma Oscillations
Coulomb Crystals
Sympathetic Crystallization
Appendices
ISBN:9783540265764
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v37
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783540452027:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Anderson Localization and Its Ramifications Disorder, Phase Coherence and Electron Correlations
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (3 p.)
Note:10.1007/b13139
Contents:Scaling at the Anderson Transition: A Historical Review -- Transfer Matrices and Finite Size Scaling for the Metal Insulator Transition -- New Aspects of the Single Parameter Scaling -- Transfer Matrices for the Anderson Transition:
20 Years Later -- A Self-Consistent Theory of the Anderson Transition -- Conductance Statistics Near the Anderson Transition -- Quantum Hall-Insulator Transition -- Experimental Tests of Scaling in the Quantum Hall Effect --
Localization of Acoustic Waves in Composite Structures -- Light in Disordered Dielectrics -- Disordered Systems in Phase Space -- Localization in the Presence of Chiral Symmetry -- Phase-Coherent Transport in Hybrid Nanostructures --
Quantum Tunneling of an Acoustic Polaron -- Phase Coherence in Quantum Information Systems -- Electron Correlation - An Odyssey from 1D to 3D -- From Independent Particle Towards Collective Motion in Two Dimensions --
Insulating-Non-Insulating Transitions in Granular and Disordered Metals at not Very Low Temperatures -- Electrons in Quantum Dots -- AC-Driven Localization in a Two-Electron Quantum Dot Molecule -- Spin Blockades in the Transport
Through Quantum Dots
ISBN:9783540452027
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 630
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9781461502197:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetic Interactions and Spin Transport
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (572 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-0219-7
Contents:1. Electron Spins in Ionic Molecular Structures -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Magnetic Cations -- 1.3. Cation Sites in Anion Lattices -- 1.4. Electron Energy Levels in Crystal Fields -- 1.5. Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy -- 1.6. Spin
Exchange Between Cations -- 1.7. Spin Ordering in Ferrimagnetic Oxides -- 1.8. Spin Transport in Oxides -- References -- 2. Secondary Magnetic Properties -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Magneto-Optic Properties -- 2.3. The Kubo Formula --
2.4. Ab Initio Calculations of the Kerr Effect -- 2.5. Magneto-Crystalline Anisotropy -- 2.6. First-Principle Calculations -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- References -- 3. Spin-Dependent Transport in Magnetic Multilayers -- 3.1.
Introduction -- 3.2. Kubo-Greenwood Formula for Conductivity -- 3.3. Free Electrons with Random Point Scatterers -- 3.4. Boltzmann Equation -- 3.5. Landauer Formula for Conductance -- 3.6. Spin-Dependent Tunneling -- References -- 4.
Magnetotransport (Experimental) -- 4.1. Introduction and Overview -- 4.2. Electronic Transport in F-Metals and F-Based Alloys -- 4.3. Spin-Dependent Tunneling and “Polarization” -- 4.4. Spin-Injection Studies -- 4.5. Giant
Magnetoresistance in F/N Multilayers and Granular Alloys -- 4.6. Granular Magnetoresistance -- 4.7. Tunneling Magnetoresistance -- 4.8. Colossal MR -- 4.9. Miscellaneous Phenomena -- References -- 5. Magnetic Characterization of
Materials -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Units -- 5.3. Magnetic Moment, Magnetization, and Susceptibility -- 5.4. Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism -- 5.5. Magnetic Ordering -- 5.6. Magnetometry -- 5.7. Magnetic Characterizations through
Hyperfine Interactions -- 5.8. Concluding Remarks -- 6. Magnetic Domain Imaging of Spintronic Devices -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Scanning Electron Microscopy with Polarization Analysis -- 6.3. Magnetic Force Microscopy -- 6.4.
Magneto-Optic Imaging -- 6.5. Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 6.6. Magnetic Imaging with X-Ray Dichroism -- 6.7. Conclusions -- References -- 7. Domain Dynamics and Magnetic Noise -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Overview of Magnetic
Noise in Device Applications -- 7.3. Magnetic Domains and Magnetization Reversal -- 7.4. Electrical Noise -- 7.5. From Magnetic Fluctuations to Electrical Noise -- 7.6. Stabilization of Magnetic Sensors -- 7.7. Media Noise in Magnetic
Recording -- References -- 8. Deposition Techniques for Magnetic Thin Films and Multilayers -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Thermal Evaporation -- 8.3. Sputtering -- 8.4. Pulsed Laser Deposition -- 8.5. Film Thickness Measurement and
Control Techniques -- 8.6. Characterization Techniques -- 8.7. Summary -- References -- 9. Magnetic Sensors -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Why We Sense Magnetic Fields -- 9.3. Magnetic Sensing Technologies -- 9.4. Spin-Dependent
Magnetoresistive Materials -- 9.5. Magnetoresistive Sensor Design -- 9.6. Anisotropic Magnetoresistive Sensors -- 9.7. Giant Magnetoresistive Sensor Design -- 9.8. Spin-Dependent Tunneling Sensor Design -- 9.9. Conclusions --
References -- 10. High Speed Magnetoresistive Memories -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Memory Fundamentals -- 10.3. Plated Wire and Planar Film Memories, Precursors -- 10.4. Magnetoresistive Memory Design Factors -- 10.5. Honeywell’s
Original MRAM -- 10.6. Pseudo Spin Valve, Giant Magnetoresistive Memories -- 10.7. Memories with Spin Valve Materials -- 10.8. Spin Dependent Tunneling Memory Cells -- 10.9. Summary -- References -- 11. Hybrid Devices -- 11.1.
Introduction -- 11.2. Hybrid Ferromagnet-Superconducting Devices -- 11.3. Hybrid Ferromagnet-Semiconductor Devices -- References
ISBN:9781461502197
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Materials science , Physics , Low Temperature Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9780306479199:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryocoolers 12
Author(s):
Date:2003
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (825 p.)
Note:10.1007/b100535
Contents:Government Cryocooler Development Programs -- Space Stirling Cryocooler Developments -- Tactical and Commercial Stirling Cryocoolers -- Tactical and Commercial Pulse Tube Cryocoolers -- Space Pulse Tube Cryocooler Developments --
Linear Compressor Development and Modeling -- GM-Type Pulse Tube Coolers for Low Temperatures -- Hybrid Cryocoolers Using Pulse Tubes -- Pulse Tube Analyses and Experimental Measurements -- GM Refrigerator Developments --
Thermoacoustic Refrigerator Investigations -- Regenerator Materials Development -- Regenerator Performance Analyses and Tests -- Turbo-Brayton Cryocooler Developments -- J-T and Throttle-Cycle Cryocooler Developments -- Sorption
Cryocooler Developments -- Sub-Kelvin and Optical Refrigerator Developments -- Cryocooler Integration Technologies -- Space Cryocooler Applications -- Commercial Cryocooler Applications
ISBN:9780306479199
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Condensed matter , Automotive engineering , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Automotive Engineering , Mechanics , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783540456186:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solid State Physics
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (521 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45618-X
Contents:Quantum Dots -- High Magnetic Fields in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Spin Effects in Single InAs Quantum Dots -- On the Way to the II–VI Quantum Dot VCSEL -- ZnCdSe Quantum Structures — Growth, Optical Properties and Applications --
Optics -- Photonic Crystals: Optical Materials for the 21st Century -- Quantum Optical Effects in Semiconductors -- Beryllium Chalcogenides: Interface Properties and Potential for Optoelectronic Applications -- ZnO Metal Organic Vapor
Phase Epitaxy: Present State and Prospective Application in Optoelectronics and Spin Electronics -- Electron and Spin Transport -- Electrical Spin Injection from Ferromagnetic Metals into GaAs -- Probing the Conduction Channels of Gold
Atomic-Size Contacts: Proximity Effect and Multiple Andreev Reflections -- Metal-Insulator Transitions at Surfaces -- The Role of Contacts in Molecular Electronics -- Electronic Transport, Spectral Fine Structures, and Atom Clusters in
Quasicrystals and Approximants -- Full Counting Statistics of Mesoscopic Electron Transport -- Nonequilibrium Transport through a Kondo-dot in a Magnetic Field -- Thin Films and Surfaces -- Electrons, Phonons and Excitons at
Semiconductor Surfaces -- Diffuse Interface Model for Microstructure Evolution -- Rapidly Produced Thin Films: Laser-Plasma Induced Surface Reactions -- Nanotechnology — Bottom-up Meets Top-down -- Local Ordering Processes in
Ferroelectric, Glass-like and Modulated phases: An EPR Study -- Superconducting Systems -- Superconductivity and Non-Fermi Liquid Normal State of Itinerant Ferromagnets -- Infrared Conductivity and Superconducting Energy Gap in MgB2 --
MgB2 Wires and Tapes: Properties and Potential -- Electron-Phonon Coupling and Superconductivity in MgB2 and Related Diborides -- Self-Organized Quasi-One Dimensional Structures in High-Temperature Superconductors: the Stripe Phase --
Theory of Superconductivity Due to the Exchange of Spin Fluctuations in Hole- and Electron-Doped Cuprate Superconductors: d-Wave Order Parameter -- Disorder Systems and Soft Matter -- Anomalous Behavior of Insulating Glasses at
Ultra-low Temperatures -- Colloidal Suspensions — The Classical Model System of Soft Condensed Matter Physics -- Excitable Membranes: Channel Noise, Synchronization, and Stochastic Resonance -- Birth and Sudden Death of a Granular
Cluster -- Interacting Neural Networks and Cryptography -- Low Energy Dynamics in Glasses Investigated by Neutron Inelastic Scattering -- Magnetism -- Metallic Magnetism -- Domain State Model for Exchange Bias: Influence of Structural
Defects on Exchange Bias in Co/CoO -- Itinerant Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism from a Chemical Bonding Perspective -- Theory of Ferromagnetism in (III, Mn)V Semiconductors -- Tetrahedral Quantum Magnets in One and Two Dimensions
-- Applications -- SiGe:C Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors: From Materials Research to Chip Fabrication -- Transition Edge Sensors for Imaging X-ray Spectrometers -- Charge Injection in Polymer Light-Emitting Diodes -- Sensors and
the Influence of Process Parameters and Thin Films
ISBN:9783540456186
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Advances in Solid State Physics: 42
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Superconductivity , Superconductors , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials , Physics , Solid State Physics , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Optical and Electronic Materials , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9780306471124:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cryocoolers 11
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (825 p.)
Note:10.1007/b115268
Contents:Government Cryocooler Development and Test Programs -- Space Stirling Cryocooler Developments -- Long-Life Tactical and Commercial Stirling Coolers -- Long-Life Commercial Pulse Tube Coolers -- Space Pulse Tube Cryocooler Developments
-- GM-Type Pulse Tube Coolers for Low Temperatures -- Hybrid Cryocoolers Using Pulse Tubes -- Pulse Tube Analysis and Experimental Measurements -- GM Refrigerator Developments -- Regenerator Analysis and Materials Developments --
Turbo-Brayton Cryocooler Developments -- J-T and Throttle-Cycle Cryocooler Developments -- Sorption Cryocooler Developments -- Sub-Kelvin Refrigerator Developments -- Optical Refrigeration Developments -- Cryocooler Reliability
Investigations and Analyses -- Cryocooler Integration Technologies and Materials -- Space Cryocooler Applications -- Commercial Cryocooler Applications
ISBN:9780306471124
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Condensed matter , Automotive engineering , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Automotive Engineering , Mechanics , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401008662:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Direct Methods for Solving the Boltzmann Equation and Study of Nonequilibrium Flows
Author(s): V. V Aristov
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (302 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0866-2
Contents:1 The Boltzmann Equation as a Physical and Mathematical Model -- 1.1 Different mathematical forms of the kinetic equation -- 1.2 Peculiarities of kinetic approach for describing physical properties -- 1.3 Formulation of problems and
boundary conditions -- 1.4 The forms of the Boltzmann equations in some physical cases -- References -- 2 Survey of Mathematical Approaches to Solving the Boltzmann Equation -- 2.1 General notes on classification of methods -- 2.2
Methods combining analytical and numerical features. Some partial solutions -- 2.3 Approaches based on kinetic models -- 2.4 Numerical simulation methods -- 2.5 Direct simulation Monte Carlo methods -- 2.6 Methods of direct integration
-- 2.7 Comparison of direct integration and direct simulation -- References -- 3 Main Features of the Direct Numerical Approaches -- 3.1 Discrete velocities and approximation in velocity space -- 3.2 Approximation in physical space.
Finite-difference schemes and iterations -- 3.3 Splitting method -- 3.4 Finite volume scheme -- 3.5 Evaluation of the collision integrals by Monte Carlo technique -- 3.6 Quasi Monte Carlo technique -- References -- 4 Deterministic
(Regular) Method for Solving the Boltzmann Equation -- 4.1 General features of the method -- 4.2 Approach to approximation of the collision integrals. Integration over velocity space -- 4.3 Exact evaluation of integrals over impact
parameters -- 4.4 Approximation of the collision integrals by quadratic form with constant coefficients -- 4.5 Simplification for velocity space in the case of isotropic symmetry -- References -- 5 Construction of Conservative Scheme
for the Kinetic Equation -- 5.1 Different definitions of conservativity -- 5.2 Conservative splitting method -- 5.3 Characteristics and advantages of the conservative schemes -- 5.4 Practical verification of the method -- 5.5
Conservative method for gas mixtures -- References -- 6 Parallel Algorithms for the Kinetic Equation -- 6.1 Parallel implementation for the direct methods -- 6.2 Several parallel algorithms -- 6.3 Examples of parallel applications of
the algorithms -- References -- 7 Application of the Conservative Splitting Method for Investigating Near Continuum Gas Flows -- 7.1 Some approaches to solving the Boltzmann equation for weakly rarefied gas -- 7.2 Asymptotic kinetic
schemes approximating the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations -- 7.3 Schemes for flows at low Knudsen numbers -- References -- 8 Study of Uniform Relaxation in Kinetic Gas Theory -- 8.1 Spatially uniform (homogeneous) relaxation problem
-- 8.2 Obtaining the test solutions for isotropic relaxation -- 8.3 Some examples of the relaxation problem solutions -- 8.4 Uniform relaxation for gas mixtures -- References -- 9 Nonuniform Relaxation Problem as a Basic Model for
Description of Open Systems -- 9.1 Formulation of the problem and solution methods -- 9.2 Nonclassical behavior of macroscopic parameters -- 9.3 Behavior of the distribution function and macroscopic parameters -- 9.4 Possible entropy
decrease -- 9.5 Some generalizations -- References -- 10 One-Dimensional Kinetic Problems -- 10.1 The problem of heat transfer -- 10.2 Shock wave structure -- 10.3 Flow in the field of an external force -- 10.4 Recondensation of a
mixture in a force field -- References -- 11 Multi-Dimensional Problems. Study of Free Jet Flows -- 11.1 Possibilities of direct integration approaches for studying multi-dimensional problems -- 11.2 Formulation of the problem and
numerical scheme -- 11.3 Free plane jet -- 11.4 Axisymmetric and three-dimensional free jet flows -- References -- 12 The Boltzmann Equation and the Description of Unstable Flows -- 12.1 Main notions -- 12.2 Boltzmann and Navier-Stokes
description -- 12.3 Mathematical apparatus -- 12.4 Some results of numerical modelling. -- References -- 13 Solutions of some Multi-Dimensional Problems -- 13.1 Unsteady problem of a shock wave reflection from a wedge -- 13.2 Solution
for focusing of a shock wave -- 13.3 Study of flows in elements of cryovacuum devices -- 13.4 Flows in the vacuum cryomodulus -- 13.5 Two-component mixture flows with cryocondensation -- References -- 14 Special Hypersonic Flows and
Flows with Very High Temperatures -- 14.1 Special hypersonic flows -- 14.2 Unsteady flows caused by a powerful point discharge of a finite gaseous mass -- 14.3 Asymptotic solution at t ? 0 -- 14.4 Numerical analysis. Asymptotic
solution at t ? ? -- 14.5 Scattering of impulsive molecular beam -- References
ISBN:9789401008662
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fluid Mechanics and its Applications: 60
Keywords: Physics , Computer mathematics , Mechanics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Mechanics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783540445609:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solid State Physics 40
Author(s):
Date:2000
Note:10.1007/BFb0108341
Contents:The Quantum Hall Effect: after 20 years still a challenge for theory and experiment -- Measuring the fractional charge and its evolution -- Bloch electrons in a magnetic field: Hofstadter's butterfly -- Scaling in the Integer Quantum
Hall Effect: interactions and low magnetic fields -- Anisotropic state of two-dimensional electron gas in high Landau levels -- Composite fermions in quantum hall systems near ?=1/2 -- Quantum wires as Luttinger liquids: experiment --
Quantum wires as Luttinger liquids: theory -- Flow equations for Hamiltonians -- Disorder, electron-electron interactions and the metal-insulator transition in heavily doped Si:P -- The numerical renormalization group method for
correlated electrons -- Characerization and manipulation of carbon nanotubes by scanning force and scanning tunnelling microscopy -- Analysis of single wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering -- Electronic structure of carbon
nanotubes -- Luttinger liquid behavior in carbon nanotubes -- Lattice dynamical effects on the peierls transition in one-dimensional metals and spin chains -- Electronic structure and ordered phases in transition metal oxides:
application of the dynamical mean-field theory -- Energy and phase relaxation in non-equilibrium diffusive nano-wires with two-level systems -- Beyond the tunneling model—Elastic properties of vitreous silica at low temperatures --
Rashba spin-splitting and ferromagnetic electrodes on InAs -- Electrical spin-injection into semiconductors-from cobalt contacts to semiconductor spin aligners -- Nb/InAs(2DEG)/Nb hybrid quantum structures -- The excitation spectrum of
mesoscopic proximity structures -- Molecular-dynamics simulations of martensitic transformations -- Structural and magnetic phase transitions in Ni?Mn?Ga shape-memory alloys -- Martensitic transformations studied on nano-and
microscopic length scales -- Nanocrystallization of Al-rich metallic glasses -- Structuring thin films via ion beams -- Periodic application of the sequence ‘growth and ion-induced stress relaxation’: A way to prepare stable, thick
films of cubic boron nitride -- Ion assisted deposition of thin layers -- Interreaction of metals—The dominant influence of microstructure -- Computer simulations of the dynamics in glasses and melts -- Fast relaxation in viscous
liquids -- Confined optical modes in photonic molecules and crystals -- Microwave studies of chaotic billiards and disordered systems -- Tunable photonic crystals -- Photonic crystals from macroporous silicon -- Optical spectroscopy on
single quantum dots -- Index-guided long-wavelength InGaAIAs/InP vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers -- Quantum dots for GaAs-based surface emitting lasers at 1300 nm -- (GaIn) (NAs)/GaAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers
with high performance -- High performance selectively oxidized VCSELs and arrays for parallel high-speed optical interconnects -- GaSb/AlGaSb VCSEL structures and microcavities in the 1.5 ?m wavelength range -- Group III-Nitride
heterostructures: From materials research to devices -- Flat panel displays: introduction and LCDs—from physics to technology -- Concerning the pairing mechanism in high-T c Superconductors—a status report -- High trapped fields in
bulk YBCO superconductors -- Fermi surface mapping of Bi-2212 using high resolution angle-scanned photoemission -- Superconducting rare earth transition metal borocarbides -- Magnetism and superconductivity in granular platinum at low
temperatures -- Bi 2223 tape processing -- AC properties of high-temperature superconductors -- HTS Josephson junctions as electromagnetic sensors for low and high frequencies -- Charge carrier dynamics—a key factor for fast organic
photorefractive materials -- Organic semiconductors: fundamentals and applications -- The hard physics of soft matter -- Statistical physics of learning: Phase transitions in multilayered neural networks
ISBN:9783540445609
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Advances in Solid State Physics: 40
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461512059:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Properties of Complex Inorganic Solids 2
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (527 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-1205-9
Contents:Microstructural Properties -- Fast ionic transport along twin walls in ferroelastic minerals -- Dependence of carbide precipitation on grain boundary structure in sensitized austenitic stainless steel -- Grain boundary engineering for
the control of oxygen embrittlement -- Self-assembly in epitaxial semiconductor alloys -- Electromigration and electronic structure -- Ordering -- Ab initio study of vacancies in metals and compounds -- Order and disorder phenomena at
surfaces of binary alloys -- Analytical description of the short-range order in alloys with many-body atomic interactions -- Changes in the atomic coordinates and state of anion and cation order induced by alloying and temperature
change in Y2[M(2)yM(1)1?Y]2O7 pyrochlore solid solutions -- Ordering kinetics in B2-FeAl -- Theoretical study of spinodal disordering and disordering relaxation -- Kinetics and Diffusion -- Using arrested solid-solid multiphase
reactions in geological materials to deduce the rate of crustal uplift -- Kinetic features of non-simplest alloy orderings: DO3, L12, and L10 orderings -- Kinetics of phase separation in a binary alloy: Influence of the atomic
mobilities -- Point defect energies in L12-ordered Ni3A1 -- Tests of the polymorphous coherent potential approximation -- Phase Stability and Transformation -- Iron phase diagram and high pressures and temperatures -- Effects of
continuous atomic displacement on the phase stability of metallic alloys -- Maximization of cluster entropies via an irreversible algorithm: Application to the cluster variation method -- CVM Calculations of the solid-state equilibria
in the Fe-Co phase diagram -- The Onsager cavity field in FCC alloys -- In-situ chemical dynamics and phase mapping under steep thermal gradients using time-resolved and spatially resolved x-ray diffraction -- Development and
properties of ?-martensite in Co-Cr-Mo alloys for biomaterials Applications -- Magnetic Properties -- Diffuse scattering of Cu3Au displacements and Fermi surface effects -- Ab initio theory of perpendicular transport in metallic
magnetic multilayers -- The Fermi surfaces of metallic alloys and the oscillatory magnetic coupling between magnetic layers separated by such alloy spacers -- On element-specific magnetometry with linear dichroism in photoemission --
Elastic Properties -- Deformation and fracture of TiC/Mo(Nb) in-situ composites -- Doubled fatigued strength of box welds by using low transformation temperature welding material -- The evaluation of the fracture strain of ITO films on
polymeric substrates -- Ab initio study of structure and compressibility of garnets -- Short-range ordering kinetics and microstructural development during post-deformation annealing -- Point defects in NiAl alloys under pressure --
Microstructural characteristics of mixed III-V layers -- Dynamical lattice instabilities in alloy phase diagrams -- Bond-order potentials for transition metals based binary alloys: Ti-Al and Mo-Si alloys -- The magnetite (001) surface:
Insights from molecular dynamics calculations -- Chairpersons/Organizers of IAC-2 -- Participants’ Photos -- List of Participants
ISBN:9781461512059
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Condensed matter , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Mineralogy , Physical Chemistry , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401148061:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Formation and Evolution of Solids in Space
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (598 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4806-1
Contents:Observational constraints on interstellar dust composition -- The nature and evolution of interstellar organics -- Tracking the organic refractory component of interstellar dust -- MID — infrared spectropolarimetry and the composition
of cosmic dust -- Method of regularization and models of interstellar dust -- Models and observations of gas-grain interactions in star-forming regions -- Modified models of gas/grain interactions -- The organic chemistry of TMC-1
revisited -- Molecular gas phase counterparts to solid state grain mantle features: Implication for gas/grain chemistry -- Diffuse interstellar bands - The 75th anniversary -- Observational constraints on the carriers of the Diffuse
Interstellar Bands (DIBs) -- Laboratory simulation of processes in interstellar ices -- Cosmic dust and laboratory simulation: Wishes, results and open problems -- Stardust mineralogy: The laboratory approach -- Infrared spectroscopy
of cosmic dust analogues at low temperatures -- Matrix isolation of amorphous carbon grains in boron-oxide glass: Far UV spectroscopy -- Matrix-isolated nano-sized soot grains and their relation to solid carbon in space -- Temperature
dependence of the FIR absorption coefficient for carbon and silicate grains -- Morphology, composition and MIR-FIR spectroscopy of silicates of astrophysical interest -- IR reflectance spectroscopy of Martian analogues -- Properties of
dust producing stars -- Dust formation in supernovae -- The destruction of interstellar dust -- Dust coagulation and the structure of dust aggregates in space -- Solids and volatiles in comets: From cometary nuclei to cometary
atmospheres -- In situ measurements of evolved solids in space with emphasis on cometary particles -- Interstellar material in meteorites -- Interstellar Dust - Evidence from interplanetary dust particles -- The Dust around Vega-like
stars: A bridge from YSOs to comets -- Accreting gas and dust in pre-main sequence disk systems -- Observations of dust and molecules in the disks and envelopes of young stellar objects -- Release mechanisms of volatile molecules in
amorphous H2O ice -- Scattering by complex systems I: Methods -- Scattering by complex systems II: Results from microwave measurements -- Dynamical structure of the Zodiacal cloud -- List of contributors -- List of participants
ISBN:9789401148061
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 523
Keywords: Physics , Organic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Physical Chemistry , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783540484103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Cold-Region Thermal Engineering and Sciences Technological, Environmental, and Climatological Impact Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium Held in Darmstadt, Germany, 22–25 August 1999
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (610 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104166
Contents:Some observations on the historical development of conduction heat transfer -- Numerical and experimental investigation on frosting of energy-recovery ventilator -- Melting of unfixed material inside an elliptical capsule --
Experimental study on the critical heat flux of ice accretion along a fine wire immersed in a cold air flow with water spray -- The characteristics of frost growth on parallel plates -- Effect of ultrasonic waves on freezing of
supercooled water -- Numerical modeling of dendritic ice crystals -- Measurement of temperature and velocity fields of freezing water using liquid crystal tracers -- Heat transfer enhancement of a direct contact melting process by
oscillating motion -- Permeability of an aqueous solution in a state of partial solidification -- Lateral freezing of a porous medium saturated with an aqueous salt solution -- Spontaneous melting of ice in a CaCl2 solution -- An
analytic solution prescribing the time-dependent formation of a solid crust inside a convectively cooled plane channel -- Melting heat-transfer characteristics of an inclined ice plate immersed in a hydrophobic liquid -- Plane flow of
an ice sheet exhibiting strain-induced anisotropy -- A meso-macro model for the description of induced anisotropy of natural ice, including grain interaction -- Classical mixture models for polythermal ice -- Modelling the ice
single-crystal viscoplastic behaviour -- Remarks on self-consistent modelling of polycrystalline ice -- Anisotropic isothermal ice-cap flow with the shallow ice approximation -- Orthotropic viscous model for ice -- Tertiary flow
relations for compression and shear components in combined stress tests on ice -- An iterative solution procedure for shallow stokes flows. The shallow ice approximation revisited -- Nested high-resolution modelling of the greenland
summit region -- Numerical age computation of the antarctic ice sheet for dating deep ice cores -- Three-dimensional isothermal boundary layer solutions of slow creeping ice flows based on the shallow ice approximation -- A comparison
study between two visco-plastic sea-ice models -- Influence of ice accumulation distribution on ice sheet stability -- A computational procedure for instationary temperature-dependent snow creep -- Transformation of the snow crystal to
a particle of ice -- Temperature and temperature gradient dependence of snow recrystallization in depth hoar snow -- On creep flow of snow and firn -- Relation of temperature gradient to heat transfer in snow -- Methods of similitude
in granular avalanche flows -- Experimental study of gas hydrate formation in porous media -- Electroacoustic technique to study changes in the liquid phase state of frozen soils -- Permeability effects on winter-time natural
convection in gravel embankments -- Barothermic effect and temperature regime of frozen soil -- Detecting alpine permafrost using electro-magnetic methods -- Climatic warming and permafrost -- The monitoring and prediction of
permafrost temperature, distribution and geocryological processes within russia under global climate changes -- Thermally induced temporal strain variations in rock walls observed at subzero temperatures -- Soil microstructure and the
thermodynamic behaviour of permafrost affected soils -- Heat transfer in heat storage arrangements under melting -- Microscale analysis of ice crystals made from aqueous solutions by scanning tunneling microscope -- Development study
of a novel tower-style tank for simultaneous storing warm water and ice -- Latent heat storage in a fixed-bed packed with cross-linked polymer particles -- Development of an efficient static-type ice thermal energy storage vessel using
a low concentration aqueous solution -- Heat storage for a bus petrol internal-combustion engine -- Heat pumps and heat pipes for applications in cold regions
ISBN:9783540484103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 533
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Engineering , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Engines , Machinery , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Engine Technology , Engineering, general , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461546955:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heat Capacity and Thermal Expansion at Low Temperatures
Author(s): T. H. K Barron
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (338 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4695-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1. Thermodynamic Properties at Low Temperatures -- 1.2. Implications for Design of Equipment -- 1.3. Useful Theoretical Concepts -- 1.4. Plan of This Book -- 2. Basic Theory and Techniques -- 2.1. Introduction --
2.2. Thermodynamics -- 2.3. Statistical Mechanics -- 2.4. Bonding and Interatomic Potentials -- 2.5. Some Model Systems -- 2.6. Lattice Vibrations -- 2.7. Approximate Equations of State -- 2.8. Anisotropic Strain and Stress: Elasticity
-- 2.9. Calculation of , and from Elastic Data -- 2.10. Internal Strain -- 3. Measurement Techniques -- 3.1. General Principles -- 3.2. Heat Capacity … by S. J. Collocott -- 3.3. Thermal Expansion -- 3.4. Elastic Moduli -- 4. Fluids --
4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Gases -- 4.3. Liquids and Dense Gases -- 4.4. Quantum Fluids Liquid Helium -- 5. Non-Metals -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Rare Gas Solids -- 5.3. Rocksalt Structure -- 5.4. Fluorite Structure -- 5.5.
Tetrahedrally Bonded Crystals -- 5.6. Useful Oxides: ?-Al203, MgO, ?-Si02, Ti02, Th02, Zr02(stab.) -- 5.7. Glasses and Glass Ceramics -- 5.8. Highly Anisotropic Crystals -- 5.9. Polymers -- 5.10. High Tc Superconductors -- 5.11.
Non-Metallic Magnetic Crystals -- 5.12. Mixed Systems, Dipoles etc. -- 6. Metals -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Cubic Metals -- 6.3. Non-Cubic Metals -- 6.4. Magnetic Metals -- 6.5. Type I and Type II Superconductors -- 6.6. Heavy
Electron Metals -- 7. Polycrystals, Composites and Aggregates -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Theory -- 7.3. Experiment -- 8. Cryocrystals, Clathrates and Curiosities -- 8.1. Cryocrystals -- 8.2. Other Rotationally Disordered Crystals --
8.3. Clathrates -- 8.4. Curiosities -- 9. Conclusion -- Appendix A. Axes and Unit Cells in Crystals -- Appendix B. Manipulating Thermodynamic Expressions -- Appendix C. Tables -- Appendix D. Commonly Used Symbols -- References
ISBN:9781461546955
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9780306469206:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Impact of Mineral Impurities in Solid Fuel Combustion
Author(s):
Date:1999
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (768 p.)
Note:10.1007/b118076
Contents:Keynote Papers -- Ash-Related Issues During Combustion and Gasification -- Mineral Characterization for Combustion -- The Development of Power Technologies for Low-Grade Coal -- Low-Rank Coal and Advanced Technologies for Power
Generation -- The Thermal Conductivity of Ash Deposits -- The Development of Advanced Clean Coal Technology in Japan -- Factors Critically Affecting Fireside Deposits in Steam Generators -- Mineral Matter, Ash and Slag Characterisation
-- Advanced Analytical Characterization of Coal Ashes—An Idemitsu Kosan—Elsam Cooperation Project -- A Novel Application of CCSEM for Studying Agglomeration in Fluidised Bed Combustion -- Thermomechanical Analysis and Alternative Ash
Fusibility Temperatures -- Ash Fusibility Detection Using Image Analysis -- Ash Fusion Quantification by Means of Thermal Analysis -- Sticking Mechanisms in Hot-Gas Filter Ashes -- Classification System for Ash Deposits Based on Sem
analyses -- Determination of Amorphous Material in Peat Ash by X-ray Diffraction -- System Accuracy for CCSEM Analysis of Minerals in Coal -- The Microstructure and Mineral Content of Pulverised Coal Chars -- The Use of Low-rank and
Low-grade Coals and Cofiring -- Fireside Considerations When Cofiring Biomass with Coal in PC Boilers -- Summary of Recent Results Obtained from Using the Controlled Fluidised Bed Agglomeration Method -- Deposition and Corrosion in
Straw- and Coal-Straw Co-Fired Utility Boilers -- Development of Blast-Furnace Gas Firing Burner for Cofiring Boilers with Pulverized Coal -- Changes in Slagging Behaviour with Composition for Blended Coals -- Role of Inorganics During
Fluidised-Bed Combustion of Low-Rank Coals -- Role of Additives in Controlling Agglomeration and Defluidization During Fluidized Bed Combustion of High-Sodium, High-Sulphur Low-Rank Coal -- The Agglomeration in the Fluidized Bed Boiler
During the Co-Combustion of Biomass with Peat -- Ash Fusion and Deposit Formation at Straw Fired Boilers -- Case Studies in Conventional and Advanced Plant -- Influence of Metal Surface Temperature and Coal Quality on Ash Deposition in
PC-Fired Boilers -- Full Scale Deposition Trials at 150 MWE PF-Boiler Co-Firing Coal and Straw -- Slagging Tests on the Suitability of Alternative Coals in a 325MWF PC Boiler -- Predicting Superheater Deposit Formation in Boilers
Burning Biomasses -- Deposit Formation in the Convective Path of a Danish 80MWth CFB-Boiler Co-Firing Straw and Coal for Power Generation -- Research on the Melting Points of Some Chinese Coal Ashes -- Computer Controlled Scanning
Electron Microscopy (CCSEM) Analysis of Straw Ash -- Prognosis of Slagging and Fouling Properties of Coals Based on Widely Available Data and Results of Additional Measuraments -- The Slagging Behavior of Coal Blends in the Pilot-Scale
Combustion Test Facility -- Studies at Rig Scale (Including Corrosion) -- In Situ Measurements of the Thermal Conductivity of Ash Deposits Formed in a Pilot-Scale Combustor -- Low Corrosivity of Coal Chlorine -- Laboratory Studies on
the Influence of Gaseous HCl on Superheater Corrosion -- The Role of Alkali Sulfates and Chlorides in Post Cyclone Deposits from Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers Firing Biomass and Coal -- Fly Ash Deposition Onto the Convective Heat
Exchangers During Combustion of Willow in a Circulating Fluidized Bed Boiler -- Ash Behaviour in Biomass Fluidised-Bed Gasification -- Bench-Scale Biomass/Coal Cofiring Studies -- Iron in Coal and Slagging -- Develpments in Advanced
Coal Technologies -- Fractionated Heavy Metal Separation in Biomass Combustion Plants—Possibilities, Technological Approach, Experiences -- Distributions of Major and Trace Elements in Entrained Slagging Coal Gasification Process --
Behavior of Inorganic Materials during Pulverized Coal Combustion -- Energy Production from Contaminated Biomass -- Triboelectrostatic Coal Cleaning -- Development of Advanced PFBC -- Operating Experiences of 71MW PFBC Demonstration
Plant -- Development of an Innovative Fluidized Bed Cement Kiln System -- The Influence of Pressure on the Behaviour of Fuel Carbonates -- Modeling of Ash Behaviour and Ash Deposition -- Modeling of ASH Deposit Growth and Sintering in
PC-Fired Boilers -- Predicting Ash Behavior in Conventional Power Systems -- Thermodynamic Modelling of the System Al2O3-SiO2-CaO-FeO-Fe2O3 to Characterise Coal Ash Slags -- Development of a Prediction Scheme for Pulverised Coal-Fired
Boiler Slagging -- Modelling the Initial Structure of Ash Deposits and Structure Changes Due to Sintering
ISBN:9780306469206
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mineral resources , Geotechnical engineering , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Physics , Mechanics , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Mineral Resources , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642803925:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron Liquids
Author(s): Akira Isihara
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (317 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-80392-5
Contents:1. General Description of Electron Systems -- 1.1 Classification of Electron Systems -- 1.2 Low-Dimensional Electron Systems -- 1.3 Characteristic Lengths -- 1.4 Fermi Liquid Theory -- 1.5 Tight Binding, Anderson and Hubbard Models --
2. Dielectric Function -- 2.1 RPA Dielectric Function -- 2.2 Beyond the RPA -- 2.3 Plasmon Dispersion -- 3. One-Component Plasmas at High Temperatures -- 3.1 ? and ? Series -- 3.2 Quantum Effects at High Temperatures -- 3.3
Short-Distance Correlations -- 4. Low Temperature Plasmas -- 4.1 Asymptotic Correlations -- 4.2 Correlation Energy in Three Dimensions -- 4.3 Correlation Energy of 2D Electrons -- 5. Electron-Hole Liquids -- 5.1 Excitons -- 5.2 Phase
Diagram -- 5.3 2D Electron-Hole Plasma -- 6. Correlation in a Magnetic Field -- 6.1 Spatial Correlation in a Magnetic Field -- 6.2 Magnetic Response in Three Dimensions -- 6.3 Effective g-Factor in Si Inversion Layers -- 6.4 Coulomb
Effects on 2D de Haas-van Alphen Oscillations -- 6.5 Field Induced SDW States of 1D Conductors -- 7. Electronic Specific Heat -- 7.1 Correlation Effects -- 7.2 Magnetothermal Effect in Two Dimensions -- 7.3 Heavy Fermions -- 8.
Magnetoconductivity in Two Dimensions -- 8.1 Magnetoconductivity of 2D Electrons -- 8.2 Memory Function Formalism -- 8.3 Anomalous Cyclotron Resonance -- 9. Localization -- 9.1 Anderson Localization and Scaling -- 9.2 Weak Localization
-- 9.3 Interaction Effect -- 10. Hopping, Percolation and Conductance Fluctuations -- 10.1 Hopping and Percolation -- 10.2 Universal Conductance Fluctuations in 1D Systems -- 10.3 Conductance of TTF/TCNQ -- 11. High-Tc
Superconductivity -- 11.1 Electron Pairing in BCS Theory -- 11.2 Properties of High-Tc Superconductors -- 11.3 Theoretical Consideration -- 12. Integral Quantum Hall Effect -- 12.1 Quantization of Hall Conductivity of 2D Electrons --
12.2 Localization and Scaling -- 12.3 Theoretical Interpretation -- 13. Fractional Quantum Hall Effect -- 13.1 Experimental Results -- 13.2 Ground State of the FQHE -- 13.3 Elementary Excitations and Off-Diagonal Long Range Order --
14. Phase Transition and Stability of Matter -- 14.1 Crystallization -- 14.2 Properties of an Electron Lattice -- 14.3 Stability of Matter -- A. Appendix -- A.l Pair Distribution Function -- A.2 Classical and Quantum Chains -- A.3 Ring
Diagram Formulas -- A.4 Density Functional Approach -- References
ISBN:9783642803925
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 96
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642603112:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetics of Metal-Gas Interactions at Low Temperatures Hydriding, Oxidation, Poisoning
Author(s): Eckehard Fromm
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (206 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-60311-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Principles of Reaction Kinetics -- 2.1 Equilibria of Chemical Reactions -- 2.2 Structure of Reaction Models -- 2.3 Characteristics of Reaction Partial Steps -- 3 Experimental Techniques -- 3.1 Initial State of
Metal Surfaces and UHV Experiments -- 3.2 Volumetric and Manometric Methods -- 3.3 Quartz Crystal Microbalance -- 3.4 Ellipsometry -- 3.5 Energetic Ion Scattering -- 3.6 X-Ray Reflectivity -- 3.7 Surface-Analytical Methods -- 4
Hydrogen Reactions -- 4.1 Experimental Results -- 4.2 Hydrogen Solution in Metals -- 4.3 Hydride Formation -- 4.4 Computer Simulation of Advanced Models -- 5 Low-Temperature Oxidation -- 5.1 Experimental Results -- 5.2 Rate Laws
Proposed in the Literature -- 5.3 Partial Steps of the Oxidation Reaction -- 5.4 Relations and Constants Used in Model Calculations -- 5.5 Example of a Model Considering Space Charges -- 5.6 Models Neglecting Space Charges -- 5.7
Detailed Presentation of a Model with Metal Interstitials as Mobile Defects -- 5.8 Results of Model Calculations, Parameter Variations -- 5.9 Effects of the Defect Structure of the Oxide -- 5.10 Simulation of Experiments with the
Volumetric Method -- 5.11 Reaction Mechanisms of Low-Temperature Oxidation -- 6 Poisoning of Hydrogen Reactions -- 6.1 Experimental Results -- 6.2 Stability of Oxide Layers at Elevated Temperatures -- 6.3 Surface Layer of Constant
Thickness -- 6.4 Contamination Layers Growing During Exposure -- Appendices -- A Chemical Potentials and Standard States -- A.1 Chemical Potentials -- A.1.1 Definitions -- A.2 Standard States and Standard Reactions -- A.2.1 Elements --
A.2.3 Physisorption -- A.2.4 Molecular Chemisorption -- A.2.5 Atomic Chemisorption -- A.2.6 Metal Interstitials -- A.2.7 Metal Vacancy -- A.2.8 Oxygen Interstitials -- A.2.9 Oxygen Vacancy -- A.2.10Other Compounds -- B Equilibria of
Charged Species -- B.1 Poisson Equation -- B.2 Dipole Layers -- B.3 Space Charges -- B.3.3 Conclusions -- B.4 Mott Potential -- B.4.1 Oxygen Molecules as Acceptors -- B.4.2 Oxygen Atoms as Acceptors -- B.4.3 Pressure Independent
Acceptor Sites -- B.4.4 Conditions for the Existence of a Mott Equilibrium Potential -- B.5 Equilibria in Oxide Layers -- C Electronic Currents -- C.1 Tunneling -- C.2 Hopping Mechanism -- C.3 Semiconduction -- D Ionic Currents -- D.1
Basic Equations -- D.1.1 Zero Concentration Gradient -- D.1.2 Zero Field Current -- D.1.3 High Field Transport Equation -- D.1.4 Steady State Current in a Homogeneous Field -- D.2 Space Charge Effects -- D.3 Coupled Currents -- E
Units, Material Constants -- Symbols -- References
ISBN:9783642603112
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 36
Keywords: Physics , Superconductivity , Superconductors , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9789401156028:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Stellar Properties: The Interaction Between Observation and Theory Proceedings of the 189th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, Held at the Women’s College, University of Sydney, Australia, 13–17 January 1997
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (478 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-5602-8
Contents:1. Introduction -- Introductory overview -- 2. Stellar Distances -- The Hipparcos results -- Review of CCD parallax measurements -- Stellar distances by the Baade-Wesselink method -- 3. Stellar Angular Diameters and Radii -- Stellar
angular diameter measurements by interferometry -- Astrometry Using Interferometry at Optical Wavelengths -- Lunar occultation measurements of stellar angular diameters -- Stellar radii -- 4. Stellar Flux Distributions -- The visual
and infrared flux calibrations -- Review of the ultraviolet flux calibration -- The bolometric luminosities of stars -- The colours of the Sun -- The ISO-SWS flux standard stars: synthetic spectra and observations -- UV energy
distributions of active cool stars -- 5. Stellar Masses and Surface Gravities -- Precise stellar mass and mass-luminosity data -- Interferometric measurements of binaries -- Determining the masses of white dwarfs in magnetic
cataclysmic variables from x-ray observations -- Empirical surface gravities -- 6. The Stellar Effective Temperature Scale -- Cool star empirical temperature scales -- The effective temperatures of hot stars -- The stellar temperature
scale from angular diameters and flux distributions -- Stellar effective temperatures through the infrared flux method -- Tests of effective temperature — colour relations -- 7. Stellar Abundances -- Review of abundances for mid-Teff
stars -- The broadening of metallic lines in cool stars -- Abundances of the elements in the halo stars — interaction between observation and theory -- Abundance anomalies in globular clusters -- Stellar parameters in the bulge cluster
NGC 6553 -- 8. Stellar Atmospheres -- Non-LTE line blanketed atmospheres for hot stars -- Progress on model atmospheres and line data -- Atmosphere models for very low mass stars, brown dwarfs and exoplanets -- Parameter identification
— a new way of assessing errors in stellar atmosphere analysis -- Atmospheric motions and granulation in cool stars — observations and theory -- Chromospheres, activity and magnetic fields -- Pulsating stellar atmospheres -- What do we
do when models don’t fit? On model atmospheres and real stellar spectra -- 9. Stellar Oscillations and Pulsations -- Observing solar-like oscillations -- Constraints on stellar interior physics from helioseismology -- Bulge ? Scuti
stars in the MACHO database -- Properties of Cepheids and long-period variables -- RR Lyrae variables -- 10. Stellar Models Versus Observations -- The evolution of massive stars -- Evolution of intermediate mass stars -- Theory of low
mass stars, brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets -- 11. Stellar Interiors -- Rotation: a fundamental parameter of massive stars -- The effect of rotation on RGB surface abundances -- The importance of helium and metals diffusion
in stars -- 12. Evolved Stars -- Non-variable horizontal-branch stars -- NLTE analyses of PG 1159 stars: constraints for the structure and evolution of post-AGB stars -- The Asymptotic Giant Branch -- Cool white dwarfs: atmosphere,
cooling and galactic implications -- Theory, observation and experiment: stellar hydrodynamics -- Summary and review: Interaction of observations and theory of stellar interiors -- 13. Stellar Chemical Evolution -- Stellar chemical
evolution -- Chemical evolution of galaxies — challenges for stellar astronomy -- 14. Stellar Ages -- New model atmosphere analysis of cool white dwarfs: a revised luminosity function and constraints on the age of the Galaxy --
Hipparcos subdwarfs and globular cluster ages: towards reliable absolute ages -- Globular cluster ages: are they converging? -- 15. Conclusion -- Achievements and prospects -- Discussion -- Indexes -- Author Index -- Object Index
ISBN:9789401156028
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale : 189
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9783322865731:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics Contributions to the 10th AG STAB/DGLR Symposium Braunschweig, Germany 1996
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (426 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-322-86573-1
Contents:Invited Papers -- Cooperation Projekt Aeronautical Research -- Reduction of Aerodynamic Drag (RaWid) — Status after the First Year of the Programme -- National CFD Projekt MEGAFLOW — Status Report — -- Laminar-Turbulent Transition
Research at DLR -- The Development of Advanced Internal Balances for Cryogenic and Conventional Tunnels -- Contributed Papers -- Parallel Numerical Airplane Wing Design -- Experiments on Active Control of Tollmien-Schlichting Waves on
a Wing -- Stability Analysis of Two- and Three-Dimensional Boundary Layer Flows with Varied Wall Temperatures -- Heat Loads During Hypersonic Flight-Conditions at Low Altitudes: Computations and Free-Flight Investigations of Several
Testdomes -- Experimental Studies of the Turbulent Flow Structure of Leading-Edge Vortices -- Density Measurements on a Delta Wing by Means of Planar Intensity Distribution of Rayleigh Scattered Laser Light (PIRS) in the lm x lm
Transonic Wind Tunnel Göttingen (TWG) -- Close Coupling of Very High-Bypass Engines in Combination with Take-Off/Landing Configurations -- Numerical Investigation of Boundary Layer Instabilities Over a Blunt Flat Plate at Angle of
Attack in Supersonic Flow -- Application of Two-Parameter Turbulence Models to the Prediction of Two-Dimensional Free Turbulent Sheer Flows -- Numerical and Experimental Investigations of Flow Induced by Harmonic Motion of a Circular
Cylinder -- Status and Some New Results Obtained in the HEG -- Mesh Modification Techniques for Navier-Stokes Meshes -- Flight Experiment Guidance Technique for Research on Transition with Grob G109b Aircraft of the Technische
Hochschule Darmstadt -- Alternative Drag Calculations from Off Body Flow Quantities Using the FLOWer Code -- Numerical Simulation of the X-31 A Flow Characteristics -- Experimental Inestigation of Active (Dynamic) Control of
Hydrodynamic Instability in a Two-Dimensional Boundary Layer -- Simulation of Unsteady, Three-Dimensional, Viscous Flows Using a Dual-Time Stepping Method -- Unsteady Boundary Layer Separations on Swept and Unswept Wings in Sinusoidal
Dynamic Stall Motion -- Numerical Aerodynamic Optimization Study for a Supersonic Aircraft -- Investigation on a Transonic Transport Aircraft Wing with an Optimized Trailing Edge -- Calibration of Codes for Computing Bi-Conic
Flowfields -- Flow Visualization and Application of Particle-Image-Velocimetry to the Hypersonic Configuration ELAC 1 -- Simulation of the Flow Past a Circular Cylinder Using Local Block Refinement -- Secondary Instabilities in a
Laminar Separation Bubble -- Flexibility and Effiziency of a Transport-Equation Turbulence Model for Three-Dimensional Flow -- Visualization of High Speed Boundary Layer Transition with FPA Infrared Technique -- Application of PIV in
the Large Low Speed Facility of DNW -- Refined Streamline Patterns for Unsteady Boundary Layer Separation -- Surface Inclination and Heat Transfer Methods for Reacting Hypersonic Flow in Thermochemical Equilibrium -- Techniques to
Enhance Reliability and Efficiency of Flow Calculations on Unstructured Grids -- Design of a Laminar-Glove for the A340 and First Results of a High-Speed Wind-Tunnel Test -- Investigations of Hypersonic Intakes -- Boundary Layer Bleed
in Hypersonic Inlets -- High Resolution Measurement of Turbulence in Axial Compressors -- The Preliminary Aircraft Design and Optimization Program for Supersonic Commercial Transport Aircraft PrADO-Sup -- Design of a Laminar Wing for a
Commuter Airplane Using a 3D-Design Method -- Impact of Planform Geometry on Waverider Aerodynamics -- Visualization of the Spatial-Temporal Instability Wave Development in a Laminar Boundary Layer by Means of a Heated PVDF Sensor
Array -- In-Flight Research on Boundary Layer Transition — Works of the DFG „University Research Group“ -- On Subcritical Breakdown to Turbulence in Swept Wing Attachment Line Boundary Layer Flows -- Numerical Simulation of the Vortex
Sheet Roll-Up Behind Wings with Different Lift Distributions -- Turbulent Flow in Idealized Czochralski Crystal Growth Configurations -- Euler Calculations for Flows Around Longitudinally Accelerated Profiles and Profiles in Shear Flow
-- Numerical Investigation of the Flow Around a Fuselage-Canard-Configuration for a Long Range High Capacity Aircraft -- Transition Process of a Wave Train in a Laminar Boundary Layer -- Wind Tunnel and Water Tunnel Studies of Vertical
Fin Buffeting -- Experimental Investigations of Transition Development in Attached Boundary Layers and Laminar Separation Bubbles -- On-Line Data Processing for the DLR-F9-Windtunnel Experiment
ISBN:9783322865731
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics (NNFM): 60
Keywords: Engineering , Computer mathematics , Fluids , Fluid mechanics , Engineering , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9789400902817:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Low Temperature Molecular Spectroscopy
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (640 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0281-7
Contents:Spectroscopy of matrix-isolated molecules. 1. Principles, procedures and pitfalls -- Spectroscopy of matrix-isolated molecules. 2. Applications: pointing the way to synthesis and mechanisms in inorganic and organometallic chemistry --
Matrix photochemistry of transition metal complexes: principles, applications and links to other methods -- Conformational isomerism and photodecomposition of carboxylic compounds studied by matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy --
Combined matrix-isolation FT-IR and ab initio 6–31 ++ G** studies on the tautomerism and H-bonding properties of nucleic acid bases and simpler model molecules -- Low temperature spectroscopy: from ground to space. The case of the
difluse interstellar bands -- Association between electron donor molecules and HCl in argon matrices -- Matrix perturbation of vibrational isotope effects -- Heavy atom effects in proton tunneling phenomena -- The cooling of internal
degrees of freedom of polyatomic molecules in supersonic free jets -- Pulsed nozzle Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy of weakly bound molecular complexes -- Structure and dynamics of Van der Waals Complexes -- Large amplitude
vibrations in electronic spectra in supersonic jets -- Conformational analysis by laser spectroscopy -- Infrared spectroscopy in liquefied noble gases -- Tunnelling spectroscopy with neutrons: quantised rotational states in solids --
The symmetry of molecules and molecular vibrations -- Phonon modes of molecular crystals -- Spectra of plastic and disordered crystals -- Conformational studies by vibrational spectroscopy under high pressure -- NIR-FT Raman
spectroscopy: finding the optimal conditions to record spectra of living systems -- Using low temperature spectroscopy to understand protein structure, dynamics and function -- Reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy at low
temperatures -- Short contributions: titles and authors -- Author index
ISBN:9789400902817
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 483
Keywords: Chemistry , Science , Organic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Optics , Electrodynamics , Condensed matter , Chemistry , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Science, general , Optics and Electrodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Condensed Matter Physics , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783662032251:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Matter and Methods at Low Temperatures
Author(s): Frank Pobell
Date:1996
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (372 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-03225-1
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Properties of Cryoliquids -- 3. Solid Matter at Low Temperatures -- 4. Thermal Contact and Thermal Isolation -- 5. Helium-4 Cryostats -- 6. Helium-3 Cryostats -- 7. The 3He-4He Dilution Refrigerator -- 8.
Refrigeration by Solidification of Liquid 3He: Pomeranchuck Cooling -- 9. Refrigeration by Adiabatic Demagnetization of a Paramagnetic Salt -- 10. Refrigeration by Adiabatic Nuclear Demagnetization -- 11. Temperature Scales and
Temperature Fixed Points -- 12. Low-Temperature Thermometry -- 13. Miscellaneous Cryogenic Design Aids and New Developments -- Magnetic Susceptibilities of Some Selected Materials -- List of Symbols -- Conversion Factors -- References
ISBN:9783662032251
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Engineering , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Thermodynamics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783642976681:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Combustion Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation
Author(s): Jürgen Warnatz
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (265 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97668-1
Contents:1 Introduction, Fundamental Definitions and Phenomena -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Some Fundamental Definitions -- 1.3 Basic Flame Types -- 1.4 Exercises -- 2 Experimental Investigation of Flames -- 2.1 Velocity Measurements -- 2.2
Density Measurement -- 2.3 Concentration Measurements -- 2.4 Temperature Measurements -- 2.5 Pressure Measurements -- 2.6 Measurement of Particle Sizes -- 2.7 Exercises -- 3 Mathematical Description of Laminar Flat Premixed Flames --
3.1 Conservation Equations for Laminar Flat Premixed Flames -- 3.2 Heat and Mass Transport -- 3.3 The Description of a Laminar Premixed Flat Flame Front -- 3.4 Exercises -- 4 Thermodynamics of Combustion Processes -- 4.1 The First Law
of Thermodynamics -- 4.2 Standard Enthalpies of Formation -- 4.3 Heat Capacities -- 4.4 The Second Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.5 The Third Law of Thermodynamics -- 4.6 Equilibrium Criteria and Thermodynamic Variables -- 4.7 Equilibrium
in Gas Mixtures Chemical Potential -- 4.8 Determination of Equilibrium Compositions in Gases -- 4.9 Determination of Adiabatic Flame Temperatures -- 4.10 Tabulation of Thermodynamic Data -- 4.11 Exercises -- 5 Transport Phenomena --
5.1 A Simple Physical Model of the Transport Processes -- 5.2 Heat Conduction in Gases -- 5.3 Viscosity of Gases -- 5.4 Diffusion in Gases -- 5.5 Thermal Diffusion, Dufour-Effect, and Pressure Diffusion -- 5.6 Comparison with
Experiments -- 5.7 Exercises -- 6 Chemical Kinetics -- 6.1 Rate Laws and Reaction Orders -- 6.2 Relation of Forward and Reverse Reactions -- 6.3 Elementary Reactions, Reaction Molecularity -- 6.4 Experimental Investigation of
Elementary Reactions -- 6.5 Temperature Dependence of Rate Coefficients -- 6.6 Pressure Dependence of Rate Coefficients -- 6.7 Surface Reactions -- 6.8 Exercises -- 7. Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.1 Characteristics of Reaction Mechanisms
-- 7.2 Analysis of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.3 Stiffness of Ordinary Differential Equation Systems -- 7.4 Simplification of Reaction Mechanisms -- 7.5 Radical Chain Reactions -- 7.6 Exercises -- 8 Laminar Premixed Flames -- 8.1
Zeldovich’s Analysis of Flame Propagation -- 8.2 Numerical Solution of the Conservation Equations -- 8.3 Flame Structures -- 8.4 Flame Velocities -- 8.5 Sensitivity Analysis -- 8.6 Exercises -- 9 Laminar Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.1
Coimterflow Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.2 Laminar Jet Nonpremixed Flames -- 9.3 Nonpremixed Flames With Fast Chemistry -- 9.4 Exercises -- 10 Ignition Processes -- 10.1 Semenov’s Analysis of Thermal Explosions -- 10.2 Frank-Kamenetskifs
Analysis of Thermal Explosions -- 10.3 Autoignition: Ignition Limits -- 10.4 Autoignition: Ignition-Delay Time -- 10.5 Induced Ignition, Minimum Ignition Energies -- 10.6 Spark Ignition -- 10.7 Detonations -- 10.8 Exercises -- 11 The
Navier-Stokes-Equations for Three-Dimensional Reacting Flows -- 11.1 The Conservation Equations -- 11.2 The Empirical Laws -- 11.3 Appendix: Some Definitions and Laws from Vector- and Tensor-Analysis -- 11.4 Exercises -- 12 Turbulent
Reacting Flows -- 12.1 Some Fundamental Phenomena -- 12.2 Direct Numerical Simulation -- 12.3 Concepts for Turbulence Modeling: Probability Density Functions (PDFs) -- 12.4 Concepts for Turbulence Modeling: Time- and Favre-Averaging --
12.5 Averaged Conservation Equations -- 12.6 Turbulence Models -- 12.7 Mean Reaction Rates -- 12.8 Eddy-Break-Up-Models -- 12.9 Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) -- 12.10 Turbulent Scales -- 12.11 Exercises -- 13 Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames
-- 13.1 Nonpremixed Flames with Equilibrium Chemistry -- 13.2 Finite-Rate Chemistry in Nonpremixed Flames -- 13.3 Flame Extinction -- 13.4 PDF-Simulations of Turbulent Non-Premixed Flames -- 13.5 Exercises -- 14 Turbulent Premixed
Flames -- 14.1 Classification of Turbulent Premixed Flames -- 14.2 Flamelet Models -- 14.3 Turbulent Flame Velocity -- 14.4 Flame Extinction -- 14.5 Other Models of Turbulent Premixed Combustion -- 14.6 Exercises -- 15 Combustion of
Liquid and Solid Fuels -- 15.1 Droplet and Spray Combustion -- 15.2 Coal Combustion -- 16 Engine Knock -- 16.1 Fundamental Phenomena -- 16.2 High Temperature Oxidation -- 16.3 Low Temperature Oxidation -- 16.4 Knock Damages -- 16.5
Exercises -- 17 Formation of Nitric Oxides -- 17.1 Thermal NO (Zeldovich-NO) -- 17.2 Prompt NO (Fenimore-NO) -- 17.3 NO Generated via Nitrous Oxide -- 17.4 Conversion of Fuel Nitrogen into NO -- 17.5 NO Reduction by Primary Methods --
17.6 NO-Reduction by Secondary Methods -- 18 Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot -- 18.1 Unburnt Hydrocarbons -- 18.2 Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) -- 18.3 The Phenomenology of Soot Formation -- 18.4 Modelling and
Simulation of Soot Formation -- 19 References -- 20 Keyword Index
ISBN:9783642976681
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Air pollution , Physics , Thermodynamics , Physical Chemistry , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Environmental Monitoring/Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783642881992:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid-State Physics An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science
Author(s): Harald Ibach
Date:1996
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (402 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88199-2
Contents:1 Chemical Bonding in Solids -- 1.1 The Periodic Table of the Elements -- 1.2 Covalent Bonding -- 1.3 Ionic Bonding -- 1.4 Metallic Bonding -- 1.5 The Hydrogen Bond -- 1.6 The van der Waals Bond -- Problems -- 2 Crystal Structures --
2.1 The Crystal Lattice -- 2.2 Point Symmetry -- 2.3 The 32 Crystal Classes (Point Groups) -- 2.4 The Significance of Symmetry -- 2.5 Simple Crystal Structures -- Problems -- 3 Diffraction from Periodic Structures -- 3.1 General Theory
of Diffraction -- 3.2 Periodic Structures and the Reciprocal Lattice -- 3.3 The Scattering Conditions for Periodic Structures -- 3.4 The Bragg Interpretation of the Laue Condition -- 3.5 Brillouin Zones -- 3.6 The Structure Factor --
3.7 Methods of Structure Analysis -- Problems -- Panel I: Diffraction Experiments with Various Particles -- Panel II: X-Ray Interferometry and X-Ray Topography -- 4 Dynamics of Atoms in Crystals -- 4.1 The Potential -- 4.2 The Equation
of Motion -- 4.3 The Diatomic Linear Chain -- 4.4 Scattering from Time-Varying Structures -- 4.5 Phonon Spectroscopy -- Problems -- Panel III: Raman Spectroscopy -- 5 Thermal Properties of Crystal Lattices -- 5.1 The Density of States
-- 5.2 The Thermal Energy of a Harmonic Oscillator -- 5.3 The Specific Heat Capacity of the Lattice -- 5.4 Effects Due to Anharmonicity -- 5.5 Thermal Expansion -- 5.6 Heat Conduction by Phonons -- Problems -- Panel IV: Experiments at
Low Temperatures -- 6 “Free” Electrons in Solids -- 6.1 The Free Electron Gas in an Infinite Square-Well Potential -- 6.2 The Fermi Gas at T= OK -- 6.3 Fermi Statistics -- 6.4 The Specific Heat Capacity of Electrons in Metals -- 6.5
Electrostatic Screening in a Fermi Gas — The Mott Transition -- 6.6 Thermionic Emission of Electrons from Metals -- Problems -- 7 The Electronic Bandstructure of Solids -- 7.1 General Symmetry Properties -- 7.2 The Nearly-Free-Electron
Approximation -- 7.3 The Tight-Binding Approximation -- 7.4 Examples of Bandstructures -- 7.5 The Density of States -- Problems -- Panel V: Photoemission Spectroscopy -- 8 Magnetism -- 8.1 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism -- 8.2 The
Exchange Interaction -- 8.3 Exchange Interaction Between Free Electrons -- 8.4 The Band Model of Ferromagnetism -- 8.5 The Temperature Behavior of a Ferromagnet in the Band Model -- 8.6 Ferromagnetic Coupling for Localized Electrons --
8.7 Antiferromagnetism -- 8.8 Spin Waves -- Problems -- Panel VI: Magnetostatic Spin Waves -- Panel VII: Surface Magnetism -- 9 Motion of Electrons and Transport Phenomena -- 9.1 Motion of Electrons in Bands and the Effective Mass --
9.2 Currents in Bands and Holes -- 9.3 Scattering of Electrons in Bands -- 9.4 The Boltzmann Equation and Relaxation Time -- 9.5 The Electrical Conductivity of Metals -- 9.6 Thermoelectric Effects -- 9.7 The Wiedemann-Franz Law --
Problems -- Panel VIII: Quantum Oscillations and the Topology of Fermi Surfaces -- 10 Superconductivity -- 10.1 Some Fundamental Phenomena Associated with Superconductivity -- 10.2 Phenomenological Description by Means of the London
Equations -- 10.3 Instability of the “Fermi Sea” and Cooper Pairs -- 10.4 The BCS Ground State -- 10.5 Consequences of the BCS Theory and Comparison with Experimental Results -- 10.6 Supercurrents and Critical Currents -- 10.7
Coherence of the BCS Ground State and the Meissner-Ochsenfeld Effect -- 10.8 Quantization of Magnetic Flux -- 10.9 Type II Superconductors -- 10.10 Novel “High Temperature” Superconductors -- Problems -- Panel IX: One-Electron
Tunneling in Superconductor Junctions -- Panel X: Cooper Pair Tunneling — The Josephson Effect -- 11 Dielectric Properties of Materials -- 11.1 The Dielectric Function -- 11.2 Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation -- 11.3 The
Dielectric Function for a Harmonic Oscillator -- 11.4 Longitudinal and Transverse Normal Modes -- 11.5 Surface Waves on a Dielectric -- 11.6 Reflectivity of a Dielectric Half-Space -- 11.7 The Local Field -- 11.8 The Polarization
Catastrophe and Ferroelectrics -- 11.9 The Free Electron Gas -- 11.10 Interband Transitions -- 11.11 Excitons -- 11.12 Dielectric Energy Losses of Electrons -- Problems -- Panel XI: Spectroscopy with Photons and Electrons -- Panel XII:
Infrared Spectroscopy -- Panel XIII: The Frustrated Total Reflection Method -- 12 Semiconductors -- 12.1 Data for a Number of Important Semiconductors. -- 12.2 Charge Carrier Density in Intrinsic Semiconductors -- 12.3 Doping of
Semiconductors -- 12.4 Carrier Densities in Doped Semiconductors -- 12.5 Conductivity of Semiconductors -- 12.6 The p-n Junction -- 12.7 Semiconductor Heterostructures and Superlattices. -- Problems -- Panel XIV: The Hall Effect --
Panel XV: Cyclotron Resonance in Semiconductors -- Panel XVI: Shubnikov-de Haas Oscillations and the Quantum Hall Effect -- Panel XVII: Semiconductor Epitaxy -- References -- Periodic Table of the Elements (Inside front cover) -- Table
of Constants and Equivalent Values (Inside back cover)
ISBN:9783642881992
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Condensed matter , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461304111:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From High-Temperature Superconductivity to Microminiature Refrigeration
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (320 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0411-1
Contents:One: Selected Papers of William A. Little -- A Layman’s Guide to the Reprint Collection -- A Layman’s Guide to the Reprint Collection -- Energy Transfer -- 1. Photo-Fluorescence Decay Times of Organic Phosphors -- 2. The Transport of
Heat between Dissimilar Solids at Low Temperatures -- Superconductivity and Superfluidity -- 3. Observation of Quantum Periodicity in the Transition Temperature of a Superconducting Cylinder -- 4. Possibility of Synthesizing an Organic
Superconductor -- 5. Superconductivity at Room Temperature -- 6. Specific Heat of 3He and 4He in the Neighborhood of their Critical Points -- 7. Decay of Persistent Currents in Small Superconductors -- 8. The Prospects of Excitonic
Superconductivity -- 9. Excitonic Superconductivity — The Missing Link -- 10. Optical Evidence of an Electronic Contribution to the Pairing Interaction in Superconducting Tl2Ba2Ca2Cu3O10 -- Neural Networks -- 11. The Existence of
Persistent States in the Brain -- 12. Physicist’s Proof of Fermat’s Theorem of Primes -- Refrigeration -- 13. Scaling of Miniature Cryocoolers to Microminiature Size -- Historical -- 14. Organic Superconductivity: The Duke Connection
-- 15. Bloch and the New Superconductors -- Two: William A. Little Sysposium and Invited Papers -- Sysposium Program -- 1. Road to High Tc and Search for New Superconducting Systems -- 2. Artificial Muscles Operating at (Nearly)
Constant Volume -- 3. High Tc Oraganic Superconductivity Revisited -- 4. Recent Advances in Cyrogenics -- 5. Recollections of the Low Temperature Lab in the Physics Corner: 1958–61 -- 6. Routes to High Tc Molecular Superconductors --
7. Non-Fermi Liquid Behavior of Kinetic Characteristics in Quasi-One-Dimentional Oraganic Conductors -- 8. Bill Little and High Temperature Superconductivity -- 9. Computation by Symmetry Operations in a Structured Neural Model of the
Brain: Music and Abstract Reasoning -- 10. Challenges in Teaching and Learning Introductory Physics -- 11. Genes of William Little
ISBN:9781461304111
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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