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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD MASS MEDIA *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/23872.43 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword mass media ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319436395:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cyberemotions Collective Emotions in Cyberspace
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 318 p. 90 illus., 34 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction to Cyberemotions -- Part I Foundations -- Part I Foundations -- Part III Modeling -- Part IV Applications
ISBN:9783319436395
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Application software , Mass media , Communication , Social sciences in mass media , Experiential research , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Media Sociology , Psychology Research , Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences , Information Systems Applications (incl. Internet)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319252742:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Special Theory of Relativity Foundations, Theory, Verification, Applications
Author(s): Costas Christodoulides
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (480 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25274-2
Contents:Historical Introduction -- The Main Landmarks in the Development of the Special Theory of Relativity -- The Principle of Relativity of Galileo. Galileo’s Invariance Hypothesis. The Law of Inertia. Inertial Frames of Reference
Relativity -- Rømer and the Speed of Light -- Newton’s Laws of Motion. Inertia and Inertial Frames of Reference -- The Aberration of Light -- Arago’s Measurements Concerning the Constancy of the Speed of Light from Stars --
Measurements of the Speed of Light in the Laboratory -- Attempts to Measure the Dragging of Aether by Moving Media -- Maxwell’s Equations and the Wave Equation -- The Experiment of Michelson and Morley -- The Lorentz-Fitzgerald
Contraction Hypothesis -- The Increase of the Mass of the Electron with Speed -- The Invariance of Maxwell’s Equations and the Lorentz Transformation -- The Formulation of the Special Theory of Relativity -- Prolegomena -- Inertial
Frames of Reference -- The Calibration of a Frame of Reference and the Synchronization of its Clocks -- The Relativity of Simultaneity -- The Relativity of Time and Length -- The Inevitability of the Special Theory of Relativity --
Relativistic Kinematics -- The Lorentz Transformation for the Coordinates of an Event -- The Transformation of Velocity -- The Transformation of Acceleration -- Applications of Relativistic Kinematics -- The ‘Meson’ Paradox -- The
apparent focusing of fast charged particle beams due to the dilation of time -- The Sagnac Effect -- Clocks Moving Around the Earth -- The Experiment of Hafele and Keating -- Einstein’s Train -- The Twin Paradox -- Motion with a
Constant Proper Acceleration. Hyperbolic Motion -- Two Successive Lorentz Transformations. The Wigner Rotation -- Optical Phenomena -- The Aberration of Light -- Fizeau’s Experiment. Fresnel’s Aether Dragging Theory -- The Doppler
Effect -- Relativistic Beaming or the Headlight Effect -- The Pressure Exerted by Light -- Relativistic Dynamics -- The Dfinition of Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Mass -- Relativistic Energy -- The Relationship Between Momentum
and Energy -- Classical Approximations -- Particles with Zero Rest Mass -- The Conservation of Momentum and of Energy -- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy -- The Transformation of Momentum and Energy -- The Zero-Momentum Frame of
Reference -- The Transformation of the Total Momentum and the Total Energy of a System of Particles -- The Collision of two Identical Particles -- The Transformation of Force -- Motion Under the Influence of a Constant Force. The
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Constant Uniform Electric Field -- The Motion of a Charged Particle in a Constant Homogeneous Magnetic Field -- Applications of Relativistic Dynamics -- The Compton Effect -- The Inverse Compton Effect
-- The Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativity on the Design of Particle Accelerators -- Mass Defect and Binding Energy of the Atomic Nucleus -- Threshold Energy -- The General Equations for the Motion of a Relativistic Rocket
-- Minkowski’s Spacetime and Four-Vectors -- The ‘World’ of Minkowski -- Four-Vectors -- Electromagnetism -- Introduction -- The Invariance of Electric Charge -- The Transformations of the Electric Field and the Magnetic Field -- The
Fields of a Moving Electric Charge -- The Derivation of the Differential form of the Biot-Savart Law from Coulomb’s Law -- The Force Exerted on a Moving Charge by an Electric Current -- Experiments -- The Speed of Light -- The Aether
-- The Dilation of Time -- The Relativistic Doppler Effect -- The Contraction of Length -- The Test of the Predictions of Relativistic Kinematics -- The Sagnac Effect -- The Relativistic Mass -- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy --
The Test of the Predictions of Relativistic Dynamics -- The Invariance of Electric Charge -- Appendix 1. The Paradox of the Room and the Rod -- Appendix 2. The Appearance of Moving Bodies -- Appendix 3. The Derivation of the Expression
for the Relativistic Mass in General -- Appendix .4. The Invariance of the Equations of Maxwell and the Wave Equation Under the Lorentz Transformation -- Appendix 5. Tachyons -- Appendix 6. The Lorentz Transformation in Matrix Form --
Appendix 7. Table of Some Functions of the Speed -- Solutions of the Problem
ISBN:9783319252742
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461444008:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Waves and Oscillations in the Sun [electronic resource]
Author(s): A. Satya Narayanan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Astrophysicists and others studying the Sun will find this expansive coverage of what we know about waves and oscillations in our nearest star an informative introduction to a hot contemporary topic. After a section summarizingthe Sun's physical char acteristics, the volume moves on to explore the basics of electrodynamics, which in turn facilitate a discussion of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). The material also details the often complex nature of waves andoscillations in uniform and non-uniform media, b efore categorizing the observational signatures of oscillations and exploring the instabilities in fluid, dealing with a range of known forms. Lastly, a section on helioseismologyexplores our growing familiarity with the internal structure of the Sun. Thi s book is a unified portal to a thorough grounding in solar waves that includes a wealth of explanatory vignettes demystifying concepts such as flux tubes,current-free and force-free magnetic fields, the prominences, and the relationship between the vorti city and the induction equation. It also sets out the elegant Parker solution describing the phenomenon of solar wind. The volume willinspire readers with the unbridled enthusiasm of astrophysicists who view the Sun as a giant natural plasma laboratory, i n interstellar terms located right on our doorstep, in which they can apply and then verify experimental andtheoretical studies on plasma through their own observation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1: Historical Perspectives
1.2: The Core of the Sun
1.3: Radiative Zone
1.4: Convection Zone
1.5: Photosphere
1.6: Chromosphere
1.7: Corona
1.8: Solar Wind
Chapter 2: Electro
Magneto Statics
2.1: Charge and Current Distributions
2.2: Coulomb's Law
2.3: Gauss's Law
2.4: Ampere's Law
2.5: Faraday's Law
2.6: Vector Magnetic Potential
2.7: Maxwell's Equations
Chapter 3: MHD Equations and Concepts
3.1: Assumptions
3.2: Dimensionless Parameters
3.3: Mass Continuity
3.4: Equations of Motion
3.5: Energy Equatio
ISBN:9781461444008
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461445357:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Schlieren and Shadowgraph Methods in Heat and Mass Transfer [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Schlieren and Shadowgraph Methods in Heat and Mass Transfer lays out the fundamentals of refractive index based imaging techniques, optical configurations, image analysis, and three dimensional reconstructions. The presentmonograph aims at temperatur e and concentration measurements in transparent media using ray bending effects in a variable refractive index field. Data analysis procedure forthree-dimensional reconstruction of temperature andconcentration field using images at different view angles i s presented. Test cases illustrating the validation of the quantitative analysis procedure are presented.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Optical Methods
an Overview
Laser Schlieren and Shadowgraph
Rainbow Schlieren
Principles of Tomography
Validation Studies
Closure
ISBN:9781461445357
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology, 2191-530X : v2
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Thermodynamics , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642200212:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heat and Mass Transfer [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans Dieter Baehr
Karl Stephan
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This comprehensive textbook provides a solid foundation of knowledge on the principles of heat and mass transfer and shows how to solve problems by applying modern methods. The basic theory is developed systematically, exploringin detail the solution methods to all important problems. The thoroughly revised 3rd edition includes an introduction to the numerical solution of Finite Elements. A new section on heat and mass transfer in porous media has alsobeen added. The book will be useful not only to upper-level and graduate students, but also to practicing scientists and engineers, offering a firm understanding of the principles of heat and mass transfer, and showing how to solveproblems by applying modern methods. Many completed examples and numero us exercises with solutions facilitate learning and understanding, and an appendix includes data on key properties of important substances
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction. Technical Applications
2 Heat conduction and mass diffusion
Convective heat and mass transfer. Single phase flow
Convective heat and mass transfer. Flows with phase change
Thermal radiation
Appendix
Literature
Index
ISBN:9783642200212
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Chemistry, Physical organic , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048188383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Critical Regimes of Two-Phase Flows with a Polydisperse Solid Phase [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eugene Barsky
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book brings to light peculiarities of the formation of critical regimes of two-phase flows with a polydisperse solid phase. A definition of entropy is formulated on the basis of statistical analysis of these peculiarities.The physical meaning of entropy and its correlation with other parameters determining two-phase flows are clearly defined. The interrelations and main differences between this entropy and the thermodynamic one are revealed. The mainregularities of two-phase flows both in critic al and in other regimes are established using the notion of entropy. This parameter serves as a basis for a deeper insight into the physics of the process and for the development ofexhaustive techniques of mass exchange estimation in such flows. The book is intended for graduate and postgraduate students of engineering studying two-phase flows, and to scientists and engineers engaged in specific problems of suchfields as chemical technology, mineral dressing, modern ceramics, microelectronics, pharmacolog y, power engineering, thermal engineering, etc. using flows with solid particles in their respective production methods
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Ideas of Mass Transfer Processes in Critical Regimes
Principles of Modeling Processes in Moving Media
System of Particles of the Same Size Class in a Critical Flow
System of Particles of Several Size Classes
Principal Statistical Relations of Mass Transfer in Critical Flow
Correlation Between the Apparatus and the Cell
Structural Model of Mass Transfer in Critical Regimes of Two
Phase Flows
Correlation Between Statistical and Empirical Results
Entropy of Composition: Optimization Criterion
Stability and Kinetic Aspects of Mass Distribution in Critical Regimes
ISBN:9789048188383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications, 0926-5112 : v93
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Chemical engineering , Mathematical optimization , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402064524:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Catastrophic Events Caused by Cosmic Objects [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vitaly Adushkin
Ivan Nemchinov
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many times all of us could hear from mass media that an asteroid approached and swept past the Earth. Such an asteroid or comet will inevitably strike the planet some day. This volume considers hazards due to collisions withcosmic objects, particular ly in light of recent investigations of impacts by the authors. Each chapter written by an expert contains an overview of an aspect and new findings in the field. The main hazardous effects cratering,shock, aerial and seismic waves, fires, ejection of du st and soot, tsunami are described and numerically estimated. Numerical simulations of impacts and impact consequences have received much attention in the book. Fairly smallimpacting objects 50 -100 m in diameter pose a real threat to humanity and their i nfluence on the atmosphere and ionosphere is emphasized. Especially vulnerable are industrially developed areas with dense population, almost all Europeis one of them. Special chapters are devoted to the famous 1908 Tunguska event and new results of its s imulations, bolides in the atmosphere and impacts on the early Earth
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Main Factors of Hazards Due to Comets and Asteroids
Size
Frequency Distribution Of Asteroids And Impact Craters: Estimates Of Impact Rate
Cometary Hazards
Bolides in the Earth Atmosphere
Geologic Effects of Large Terrestrial Impact Crater Formation
Thermal Radiation and Fires After Impacts of Cosmic Objects
Tunguska Catastrophe of 30 June 1908
High
Velocity Impact Ejecta: Tektites and Martian Meteorites
Marine Target Impacts
Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Effect
Impacts and Evolution of Early Earth
ISBN:9781402064524
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Planetology , Mathematical physics , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387727684:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mapping the Galaxy and Nearby Galaxies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Keiichi Wada
Franoise Combes
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is a proceedings book of the symposium Mapping the Galaxy and Nearby Galaxies held on Ishigaki Island, Okinawa, Japan, on June 25 30, 2006. The symposium focused on mapping the interstellar media and other componentsin galaxies. Latest results of the following main topics are presented in the volume: Our Galaxy -- mass distribution, local ISM, supermassive black holes and their environments Central part of nearby galaxies -- ISM around starbursts,fueling mechanisms Nearby Galaxies -- molecular gas and star formation, gas dynamics Galactic environment and evolution -- formation of our Galaxy, origin of supermassive black holes The nature of the Dark Matter component -- effectson the internal structures of galaxies
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387727684
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540358466:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library [electronic resource] : Multiphase Flows I
Author(s): Marinus E. H. van Dongen
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Shock waves in multiphase flows refers to a rich variety of phenomena of interest to physicists, chemists, and fluid dynamicists, as well as mechanical, biomedical and aeronautical engineers. This volume treats shock and expansionwaves in (bullet) co mplex, bubbly liquids (L van Wijngaarden, Y Tomita, V Kedrinskii) and (bullet) cryogenic liquids (M Murakami) and examines the relationship of shock waves with (bullet) phase transitions (A Guha, CF Delale, GSchnerr, MEH van Dongen) (bullet) induced phase transitions (GEA Meier) as well as their interaction with (bullet) solid foams, textiles, porous and granular media (B Skews, DMJ Smeulders, MEH van Dongen, V Golub, O Mirova) Allchapters are self-contained, so they can be read independently, although th ey are of course thematically interrelated. Taken together, they offer a timely reference on shock waves in multiphase flows, including new viewpoints andburgeoning developments. The book will appeal to beginners as well as professional scientists and eng ineers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Shock Waves in Complex Liquids
Shock Waves in Bubbly Liquids
Interaction of a Shock Wave with a Single Bubble
Shock Induced Cavitation
Shocks in Cryogenic Liquids
Shock Waves and Phase Transition
Shock Waves in Fluids with Interphase Transport of Mass, Momentum and Energy (VapourDroplet Mixtures and Solid
Particle
Laden Gases)
Condensation Discontinuities and Condensation Induced Shock Waves
Liquefaction Shock Waves
Shock Waves Interacting with Solid Foams, Textiles, Porous and Granular Media
Experimental Studies of Shock Wave Interactions with Porous Media
ISBN:9783540358466
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Mechanics, applied , Mechanical engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402054259:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Diffuse Matter from Star Forming Regions to Active Galaxies [electronic resource] : A Volume Honouring John Dyson
Author(s): T.W HARTQUIST
J.M PITTARD
S.A.E.G FALLE
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:John Dyson has contributed to the study of the hydrodynamic processes that govern a wide variety of astrophysical sources which he has helped explain. In this volume dedicated to him, introductory reviews to a number of the keyprocesses and to the so urces themselves are given by leading experts. The mechanisms in which the multi-component natures of media affect their dynamics receive particular attention, but the roles of hydromagnetic effects are alsohighlighted. The importance of cosmic ray modera tion and mass transfer between different thermal phases for cosmic ray moderation and mass transfer between different thermal phases for the evolution of flows are amongst the topicstreated. The main types of regions considered include those where stars f orm, the circumstellar environments of evolved stars, the larger scale interstellar structures caused by the mass loss of stars, and those where the lines of AGNsform. The reviews complement one another and together provide a coherent introduction to the astrophysics of diffuse sources suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in astrophysics. Individual reviews stand alone and aresuitable for an audience that includes advanced undergraduates doing final year projects
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Star Forming Regions
Numerical Simulations of Star Formation
Molecular Astrophysics of Star Formation
Dusty Plasma Effects in Star Forming Regions
Massive Star Formation
Spectropolarimetry and the Study of Circumstellar Disks
How to Move Ionized Gas: An Introduction to the Dynamics of HII Regions
MHD Ionization Fronts
Herbig
Haro Jets from Young Stars
Hypersonic Molecular Shocks in Star Forming Regions
The Effects of Evolved Stars on Their Environments
Wind
Blown Bubbles around Evolved Stars
Do Fast Winds Dominate the Dynamics of Planetary Nebulae?
Spectr
ISBN:9781402054259
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402019937:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Modelling Case Studies and Projects
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (253 p.)
Note:10.1007/1-4020-1993-9
Contents:Ordinary Differential Equations -- Deterministic Model in Contagious Disease -- Electromagnetic Forces in High Field Magnet Coils -- Mass Balance of a Reactor in Steady State -- The Free and Forced Vibration of an Automobile --
Cantilever Beam Subjected to an End Load -- ODE Problems -- Partial Differential Equations -- Cylindrical and Spherical Solidification in Heat Transfer -- Elastic Analysis of a Square Plate with Circular Holes -- Motion of Fluid Layers
-- Mass Balance of a Reactor with Time Dependency -- Flow Through Porous Media -- PDE Problems -- Optimization -- Linear Programming Problem Involving Wine Production -- Transportation Problem Involving Breweries and Hotels -- Profit
from an Engineering Plant -- Optimization of Manufacture of Personal Computers -- Air Freight Transportation Problem -- Optimization Problems
ISBN:9781402019937
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Texts in the Mathematical Sciences, A Graduate-Level Book Series: 28
Keywords: Mathematics , Numerical analysis , Algorithms , Mathematical models , Mechanics , Engineering , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Engineering, general , Mechanics , Numeric Computing , Algorithms
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783662079690:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interface and Transport Dynamics Computational Modelling
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (437 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-07969-0
Contents:I INTERFACE DYNAMICS: Phenomenology and Modelling -- Melting Kinetics of Prolate Spheroidal Crystals -- Deterministic Behaviour in Sidebranching Development -- Growth Dynamics during Solidification of Undercooled Melts --
Thermodynamics of Diffuse Interfaces -- Computer Investigation of the Influence of the Internal Structure Topology on the Percolation Process in Two- and Three-Dimensional Inhomogeneous Systems -- Electron Transport of Nanoperm Alloys
-- Self-Organized Formation of Fractal and Regular Pores in Semiconductors -- Evolution and Shapes of Dunes -- Morphogenesis of Growing Amorphous Films -- II INTERFACE DYNAMICS: Modelling and Simulation -- Density Effects and Fluid
Flow in Phase-field Models -- A Lattice Boltzmann Method for the Mesoscopic Calculation of Anisotropic Crystal Growth -- A Phase-field Model for the Solidification Process in Multicomponent Alloys -- Planar Solidification from
Undercooled Melt: An Approximation of a Dilute Binary Alloy for a Phase-field Model -- Initial Transients in the Symmetric Model for Directional Solidification -- Dynamics of a Faceted Nematic-Smectic B Front in Thin-Sample Directional
Solidification -- Last Stage Solidification of Alloys: A Theoretical Study of Dendrite Arm and Grain Coalescence -- Phase-field Modeling of Eutectic Solidification: From Oscillations to Invasion -- Phase-field Theory of Nucleation and
Growth in Binary Alloys -- Modelling of Phase Transformations in Titanium Alloys with a Phase-field Model -- Spreading of Liquid Monolayers: From Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations to Continuum Limit -- A Multi-mesh Finite Element Method
for Phase-field Simulations -- Transport of Point Defects in Growing Si Crystals -- Atomistic Simulation of Transport Phenomena in Simple and Complex Fluids and Fluid Mixtures -- Unusual Viscosity Feature in Spinodal Decomposition
Under Shear Flow -- Micro-macro Approach to Cluster Formation in Granular Media -- III Transport -- Urban Transport Phenomena in the Street Canyon -- Walker Behaviour Modelling by Differential Games -- Investigations of Vibrations in
the Complex Dynamical Systems of Transmission Pipelines -- Information in Intelligent Transportation System -- Experiments on Route Choice Behaviour -- Transport Out of a Gravitationally Stable Layer with the Help of a Faster Diffusing
Substance: PDE Simulations and Scaling Laws -- Microscopic Parameters and Macroscopic Features of Traffic Flow -- An Adaptive Smoothing Method for Traffic State Identification from Incomplete Information -- Probabilistic Description of
Nucleation in Vapours and on Roads -- Cellular Automata Simulation of Collective Phenomena in Pedestrian Dynamics -- Modeling, Simulation and Observations for Freeway Traffic and Pedestrian -- Testing Traffic Flow Models
ISBN:9783662079690
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering: 32
Keywords: Computer science , Computer communication systems , Computer mathematics , Physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Computer Science , Computer Communication Networks , Computational Science and Engineering , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662082638:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Techniques for Fluid Mechanics Selected Papers from the 10th International Symposium Lisbon, Portugal July 10–13, 2000
Author(s): R. J Adrian
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (566 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-08263-8
Contents:I. Velocity -- I. 1. Light-in-Flight holography with switched reference beams for cross-correlation in deep volume PIV -- I. 2. 3D-PTV experiments of anomalous, steady transport of a conservative tracer in porous media -- I. 3.
Investigation of the spatio-temporal flow structure in the log-law region of a turbulentboundary layer by means of multi-plane stereo particle image velocimetry -- I. 4. 3-Component Doppler laser-two-focus velocimetry applied to a
transonic centrifugal compressor -- I. 5. Two-point chirp laser Doppler velocimeter using a powerful fibre-coupled green Nd:YAG ring laser -- I. 6. Maximum likelihood approaches for sound field measurement using LDV -- II. Scalar -- H.
1. Experimental investigation of heat transfer phenomena during direct contact condensation in the presence of non condensable gas by means of linear raman spectroscopy -- II. 2. On the accuracy of scalar dissipation measurements by
laser Rayleigh scatering -- 11. 3. Demonstration of the applicability of a Background Oriented Schlieren (BOS) method -- II. 4. Transient temperature measurement of unburned gas using optic heterodyne interferometry -- III. Multi-Phase
-- III. 1. Generic formulation of a generalized Lorenz-Mie theory for pulsed laser illumination -- III. 2. Measurement and prediction of the gaussian beam effect in the phase Doppler technique -- 11I. 3. Measurements of spray flow by
an Improved Interferometer Laser Imaging Droplet Sizing (ILIDS) system -- 11I. 4. Two-dimensional imaging of sizes and number densities of nanoscaled particles -- 11I. 5. Simultaneous measurement of velocity and particle size profiles
with the reference beam technique -- 11I. 6. Instantaneous whole field measurement of velocity and size of air microbubbles in two-phase flows using DDPIV -- 11I. 7. Liquid PIV measurements around a single gas slug rising through
stagnant liquid in vertical pipes -- 11I. 8. PIV applied to landslide generated impulse waves -- IV. Turbulent Flows -- IV. 1. Behaviour of trailing vortices in the vicinity of the ground -- IV. 2. Investigation of the mixing process
in an axisymmetric turbulent jet using PIV and LIP -- IV. 3. LDA- measurements of jets in crossflow for effusion cooling applications -- W. 4. Characterisation of confinement and impingement effects on the near field of axisymmetric
jets -- IV. 5. PIV measurements in a co-flowing jets subjected to axial forcing: vorticity and strain field structure -- IV. 6. Laser-optical observation of chaotic mixing structure in a stirred vessel -- IV. 7. Stereoscopic PIV
measurement of a lobed jet mixing flow -- IV. 8. Point and planar LIF for velocity-concentration correlations in a jet in cross flow -- IV. 9. Structure of wall-eddies at Re? ? 106 -- V. Combustion and Engines -- V. 1. Computer
tomography of infra-red absorption and its application to internal-combustion engines -- V. 2. A sensor for measuring CO2 gas temperature and concentration u sing 2?tm DFB semiconductor laser -- V. 3. Measurement of instantaneous 2-D
velocity field and local chemiluminescence in a premixed-spray flame by PIV and MICRO system -- V. 4. Phase discrimination inside a spray: LDV measurements using fluorescent seeding particles (FLDV) -- V. 5. Effect of strain rate on
NOx reduction in an opposed impinging jet flame combustor -- V. 6. Fluid image velocimetry of the flow in the recirculation zone of a bluff body stabilized and controlled burner -- Author Index
ISBN:9783662082638
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Continuum physics , Lasers , Photonics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Fluid mechanics , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Classical Continuum Physics , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783642559198:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Scientific And Engineering Computing Proceedings of the 3rd International FORTWIHR Conference on HPSEC, Erlangen, March 12–14, 2001
Author(s):
Date:2002
Edition:1
Size:1 online resource (408 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55919-8
Contents:I. Fluid Flow -- Large-Scale Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulations Using Parallel Computers -- MEGAFLOW - An Industrial Flow Simulation Tool for Aircraft Applications 21 -- Development of a Parallel FVM Based Groundwater -- Flow
Model -- Adaptive Hybrid Mixed Finite Element Discretization of Instationary Variably Saturated Flow in Porous Media 37 -- Simulation of High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Columns with CFD 45 -- CFD Calculations of Flow,
Dispersion and Chemical Reactions in Fixed Bed Tubular Reactors Using the Lattice Boltzmann Method 53 -- Computational Engineering for Wind-Exposed Thin-Walled Structures 63 -- Numerical Simulation of Wind Loads on Antenna Structures
71 -- Numerical Calculation of Turbulent Premixed Flames with an Efficient Turbulent Flame Speed Closure Model 81 -- Monte Carlo Simulations of Radiative Heat Transfer with -- Parallel Computer Architectures 89 -- Direct Numerical
Simulation of Bubble Swarms with -- a Parallel Front-Tracking Method -- Symmetry-Preserving Discretization of Turbulent Channel -- Flow 107 -- Parallelization Strategies and Efficency of CFD Computations in Complex Geometries Using
Lattice Boltzmann Methods on High-Performance Computers 115 -- Applications of the Lattice Boltzmann Method to Complex and Turbulent Flows 123 -- Computation of Flows Around Space Configurations -- Flow Visualization on Hierarchical
Cartesian Grids -- II. Mathematical Methods -- The Finite Mass Method — A New Approach to the Solution of Flow Problems 149 -- An Octree-Based Approach for Fast Elliptic Solvers -- A Variable Order Method of Lines: Accuracy,
Conservation and Applications 167 -- A Hybrid Direct/Iterative Algorithm for the Solution of Poisson’s Equation Based on the Schur Complement Method 175 -- III. Crystal Growth and Materials -- High-Performance Computing, Multi-Scale
Models for Crystal Growth Systems -- Semi-Direct Numerical Simulation of a Czochralski Melt Flow on High-Performance Computers -- High-Order Numerical Solutions for Rotating Flows with Walls -- Parallel Coupled Simulation of Casting
Processes on Cluster of PCs 221 -- Controlling Point Defects in Single Silicon Crystals Grown by the Czochralski Method 229 -- A Two—Scale Method for Liquid—Solid Phase Transitions with Dendritic Microstructure 237 -- Application of
Higher Order BDF Discretization of the Boussinesq Equation and the Heat Transport Equation -- Spectral and Finite Volume Numerical Approximations for Solutal Convection in Melted Alloys 253 -- Numerical Simulation of Physical Vapour
Transport Crystal Growth Processes by a Finite Volume Solution Algorithm 261 -- 3D Block-Structured Grid Algorithms for the Numerical Simulation of Chemical Vapor Deposition in Horizontal Reactors -- Control of Electron Beam
Evaporation: Numerical Simulation -- IV. Dynamic Systems and Optimal Control -- Solution of a Hard Flight Path Optimization Problem by Different Optimization Codes 289 -- Adaptive Data Structures and Algorithms for Efficient
Visualization and Data Management at Runtime of Terrain and Feature Data 297 -- Recent Improvements in the Trajectory Optimization Software ASTOS -- Optimal Design of the Power Train of Vehicles: Modelling, Simulation and Optimization
-- Unsteady Heat Load Simulation for Hypersonic Cruise Optimization 325 -- Modeling Techniques and Parameter Estimation for the Simulation of Complex Vehicle Structures -- V. Optimization of Electronic Circuits -- Numerical Techniques
for Different Time Scales in Electric Circuit Simulation 343 -- Transient Noise Analysis in Circuit Simulation -- Realistic Step Flow Model for Orientation-Dependent Wet Etching 369 -- Modeling of Ion-Induced Charge Generation in High
Voltage Diodes 377 -- Modelling and Simulation of the Transient Electromagnetic Behavior of High Power Bus Bars 385 -- Modeling and Simulation of Electrothermomechanical -- Coupling Phenomena in High Power Electronics -- Heat
Conduction as Eigenvalue Problem
ISBN:9783642559198
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering: 21
Keywords: Computer science , Science , Computer simulation , Computer mathematics , Physics , Computational intelligence , Computer Science , Simulation and Modeling , Science, general , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Computational Intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783540457916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Nonequilibrium Phenomena in Fluid Mixtures
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (472 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45791-7
Contents:Concepts, Theory, and Computer Simulations -- Computer Simulations of Thermal Diffusion in Binary Fluid Mixtures -- Thermodiffusion in the Critical Region -- On the Theory of the Soret Effect in Colloids -- Principle of Entropy
Maximization for Nonequilibrium Steady States -- A Comprehensive Theory of the Soret Effect in a Multicomponent Mixture -- Thermodiffusion and Nonlinear Heat Equation -- Nonequilibrium Concentration Fluctuations in Binary Liquid
Systems Induced by the Soret Effect -- Thermodiffusion in Ionic Solids —Model Experiments and Theory -- Hip, Hip, Soret! -- Experimental Techniques and Special Systems -- Measurement of Transport Coefficients by an Optical Grating
Technique -- A Survey of the Thomaes Flow Cell Method for the Soret Coefficient -- Validity Limits of the FJO Thermogravitational Column Theory -- Determination of Thermodiffusion Parameters from Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation
Retention Data -- Thermodiffusion of Polymer Solutions in Convectionless Cells -- Convection and Porous Media -- Soret Effect and Free Convection: A Way to Measure Soret Coefficients -- Convective Patterns in Binary Fluid Mixtures with
Positive Separation Ratios -- Convective Instability of Magnetized Ferrofluids: Influence of Magnetophoresis and Soret Effect -- On the Soret-Driven Thermosolutal Convection in a Vibrational Field of Arbitrary Frequency --
Thermodiffusion in Porous Media and Its Consequences -- Soret Effect and Mixed Convection in Porous Media -- Soret Effect in Multicomponent Flow Through Porous Media: Local Study and Upscaling Process
ISBN:9783540457916
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 584
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Fluid mechanics , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Thermodynamics , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9781461200796:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling and Mechanics of Granular and Porous Materials
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (369 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0079-6
Contents:I Mechanics of Porous Media -- 1 Constitutive Equations and Instabilities of Granular Materials -- 2 Micromechanical Modeling of Granular Materials -- 3 Thermodynamic Modeling of Granular Continua Exhibiting Quasi-Static Frictional
Behaviour with Abrasion -- 4 Modeling of Soil Behaviour: from Micro-Mechanical Analysis to Macroscopic Description -- 5 Dynamic Thermo-Poro-Mechanical Stability Analysis of Simple Shear on Frictional Materials -- II Flow and Transport
Phenomena in Particulate Materials -- 6 Mathematical Models for Soil Consolidation Problems: a State of the Art Report -- 7 Flow of Water in Rigid and Non-Rigid, Saturated and Unsaturated Soils -- 8 Mass Exchange, Diffusion and Large
Deformations of Poroelastic Materials -- III Numerical Simulations -- 9 Continuum and Numerical Simulation of Porous Materials in Science and Technology -- 10 A Mathematical and Numerical Model for Finite Elastoplastic Deformations in
Fluid Saturated Porous Media -- 11 Numerical Modeling of Initiation and Propagation Phases of Landslides
ISBN:9781461200796
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Engineering , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Condensed matter , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Continuum mechanics , Mechanical engineering , Engineering , Mechanical Engineering , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Applications of Mathematics , Condensed Matter Physics , Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9780306470806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultrafast Dynamics of Quantum Systems Physical Processes and Spectroscopic Techniques
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (725 p.)
Note:10.1007/b114670
Contents:Linear and Nonlinear Propagation of Short Light Pulses -- Linear and Nonlinear Propagation of Short Light Pulses -- Time Resolved Molecular Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics -- Femtosecond Dynamics of Molecular Reactions at Metal
Surfaces -- Some Selected Aspects of Light-Matter Interaction in Solids -- Femtosecond Pulse Generation: Principles and Fiber Applications -- Laser Sources for Ultrafast Spectroscopy -- Phonons, Electrons, and Electron-Phonon
Interaction: Semiconductors and High-Tc Superconductors -- Surface Phonons and their Role in Ultrafast Phenomena -- Dielectric Description of Semiconductors: From Maxwell— to Semiconductor Bloch—Equations -- Coherent Dynamics in
Semiconductors -- Quasiparticles and Quasimomentum -- On the Equivalence of Coupled Pendula and Quantum Mechanical Non-Crossing Rule -- Ultrafast Optical Spectroscopy and Optical Control -- Long Seminars -- Solitions in Optical Fibers
and Application to High Bit Rate Transmission -- Hot Luminescence and Fast Relaxation of Optical Centers in Solids -- Jahn-Teller Driven Movements of Excited Ions in Solids -- Recent Results in Multiphonon Non-Radiative Processes and
in Novel Materials for Lasers and Amplifiers -- NASA’s Dial and Lidar Laser Technology Development Program -- Applications of Ultrafast Spectroscopy to Solid State Laser Materials -- Ultrafast Electron-Lattice Relaxation of Optically
Excited Centers in Crystals -- Laser Crystal Emitting from Ultraviolet to Infrared and the Impact of Nonlinear Optics -- Non — Perturbative Up — Conversion Techniques: Ultrafast Meets X—Rays -- Nonlinear Interactions in Insulating
Laser Crystals Under Femto- and Picosecond Excitation -- Interdisciplinary Lecture -- Unification in Particle Physics: Symmetries and Hidden Dimensions -- Short Seminars -- Measurements with an Optically Gated Scanning Tunneling
Microscope -- Time Resolved Spectroscopy of Deep Emissions from Large Band Gap Semiconductors -- Chemical Dynamics of Uni- and Bimolecular Reactions Studied with Nonlinear Optical Techniques in the Femtosecond Time Domain -- Optical
Spectroscopy on Single Molecules in Solids -- Nanoscopic Interactions Probed by Single Molecule Spectroscopy -- Fluorescence Intensity and Anisotropy Decays Measurements in the Frequency Domain -- Non-Destructive Optical
Characterization of InxGa1-xAs Epitaxial Layer Composition, Thickness and Optical Quality -- Optical Homogeneous Linewidth in Amorphous Solids in the Framework of the Soft Potential Model -- Raman Shifted Laser Crystals with X(3) Non
Linearity: Tungstate and Molybdate Crystals Families -- Luminescence Quantum Efficiency in CDSSE Mixed Crystals -- Luminescence and Afterglow in CSI:TL -- Position Sensitive Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry of Molecules -- Probing
Exciton Distributions in Semiconductor Quantum Layers -- Light Induced Molecular Structure in H2+ -- Posters -- Time Resolved Spin Relaxation in III-V Semiconductor Quantum Wells -- Analysis of the 4FN Energy Level Structure of the
RE3+ Ions in RE Oxyhalides -- Temperature Dependence of Near Infrared to Visible Upconversion Luminescence of ER3+ in YSGG -- Quantum Confinement in Porous Silicon in the Effective-Mass Limit -- Ultrashort Laser Pulses Measurements by
Means of Self Diffraction in Polydispersed Liquid Crystals -- Optical Near-Field Measurements on a Single Gold Nanoparticle -- Single-Atom Conditional Manipulation of Confined Quantized Electromagnetic Field -- Iterative Nonideal
Conditional Generation of Nonclassical Cavity Field -- Multiple Branching of Vectorial Spatial Solitary Waves in Nonlinear Quadratic Media -- Relaxation Dynamics of Localized Excitons in ZnSe-ZnSSe Strained-Layer Superlattices --
Identification of Several Energy Transfer Pathways in the Light-Harvesting Complex II of Green Plants Using Current Structural and Spectroscopic Information -- Transient and Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning in CuBr Semiconductor
Quantum Dots -- Multiphoton Excitation of GaN Using Picosecond Pulses -- 0.94 ?m Spectroscopy and Laser Development -- Spectral Lineshapes of Ammonia Transitions of the v2 Band Versus Pressure and Temperature -- Multiphoton Excited
Luminescence of Porous Silicon -- First Roundtable Discussion -- Second Roundtable Discussion -- Summary
ISBN:9780306470806
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series: B:, Advanced Science Institutes Series: 372
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Optics and Electrodynamics , Quantum Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9780306480928:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mechanics of Turbulence of Multicomponent Gases
Author(s): Mikhail Ya Marov
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/0-306-48092-1
Contents:Turbulence in Natural Media -- Regular Motion of Gaseous Mixtures Involving Physicochemical Interactions of the Components -- Turbulent Motion of Multicomponent Mixtures with Variable Thermophysical Properties -- Evolutionary Transfer
Models for the Second Correlation Moments -- The Stefan-Maxwell Relations and the Heat Flux for Turbulent Multicomponent Continuum Media -- Diffusion Processes in the Thermosphere -- Turbulent Transfer Coefficients in Planetary Upper
Atmospheres: A Semi-Empirical Determination -- Statistical Parameters of Turbulence: Modeling from Fluctuations of the Refractive Index -- The Processes of Heat and Mass Transfer and Coagulation in Protoplanetary Gas-Dust Nebula
ISBN:9780306480928
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library : 269
Keywords: Physics , Atmospheric sciences , Continuum physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Classical Continuum Physics , Atmospheric Sciences , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642570940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radiation in Enclosures Elliptic Boundary Value Problem
Author(s): Aristide Mbiock
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (211 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57094-0
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Thermal Radiation -- 1.2 Short Historical Background -- 1.3 Motivations, Objectives and Scope -- 1.4 Basic Concepts in Boundary Value Problems -- 2 Physical Model -- 2.1 Emitted Radiation -- 2.2 Incident,
Absorbed and Scattered Radiation -- 2.3 Radiation from Particulate Matter -- 2.4 Governing Equations with Shadow Zones -- 2.5 Energy Balance Relations -- 2.6 Energy Balance on a Unit Surface -- 3 Some Computational Methods -- 3.1
Directional Equation Methods -- 3.2 Net Energy Balance Methods -- 3.3 Concluding Remarks -- 3.4 The Boundary Value Equation -- 4 Mathematical Model -- 4.1 Subsidiary Conditions -- 4.2 Analysis of the Boundary Value Equation -- 4.3
Canonical Formulation -- 4.4 Irradiance Formulation -- 4.5 Analytical Form of the Solution -- 4.6 Quadratic Variational Formulation -- 4.7 Variational Solution: Existence, Uniqueness -- 4.8 Continuity of the Variational Solution -- 4.9
Question of Proper Posing Problem -- 5 Numerical Approximation -- 5.1 Description of the Method -- 5.2 Finite Element Representation -- 5.3 Definition of the Approximation Space -- 5.4 Formulation of the Approximated Problem -- 5.5
Convergence of the Numerical Solution -- 5.6 Definition of Shape Functions -- 5.7 Quadrature for the Coefficients of B and L -- 5.8 Algorithm for Computer Realization -- 6 Simulations in Specific Cases -- 6.1 The Transparent Medium --
6.2 The Isothermal Gray Medium -- 6.3 The Non-isothermal Gray Medium -- 6.4 Non Gray Medium Band Approximation -- 7 Spectral Properties of Gases -- 7.1 Principle of Infrared-Radiation in Gases -- 7.2 Properties of an Isothermal Gas
Species -- 7.3 Properties of a Non-isothermal Gas Species -- 7.4 Medium Containing Several Gas Species -- 7.5 Band Radiation in a Well-Stirred Chamber -- 8 Application to Industrial Furnace -- 8.1 Experimental Configuration -- 8.2
Analysis of Experimental Flames -- 8.3 Concluding Remarks -- 8.4 Photo Panels - Experimental Flames -- 8.5 In-Flame and Wall Measurements -- 9 Radiation in Scattering Media -- 9.1 Formulation of the Problem -- 9.2 Radiation Heat
Transfer with Conduction and/or Convection -- 9.2.2 Concluding Remarks -- 10 Conclusion -- Nomenclature -- References
ISBN:9783642570940
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Computer mathematics , Calculus of variations , Thermodynamics , Education , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Thermodynamics , Popular Science in Education , Computational Science and Engineering , Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control Optimization , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783662039182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Planetary Rings Celestial Mechanics of Continuous Media
Author(s): Alexei M Fridman
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (437 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-03918-2
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Observational Data -- 3. Celestial Mechanics Minimum -- 4. Elementary Particle Dynamics. I Rigid Body Collisions -- 5. Elementary Particle Dynamics. II Ring Cosmogony -- 6. Elementary Particle Dynamics. III Wave,
Photometric, and Other Effects -- 7. Collective Dynamics of Disc Particles. I Formalism -- 8. Collective Dynamics of Disc Particles. II Stability Analysis -- 9. Resonance Effects in Planetary Rings. I Spiral Waves -- 10. Resonance
Effects in Planetary Rings. II Narrow Ringlets and Satellites -- 11. Formation and Stability of the Uranian Rings -- 12. Origin, Dynamics, and Stability of the Neptunian Rings -- 13. Self-organisation of the Solar System -- 14. Space
Studies of the Outer Planets -- Conclusion -- Appendices I. The Possibility of Studying the Dynamics of Astrophysical Discs in a Two-Dimensional Approach -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Original Equations for the “Volume” Functions -- 2.1
Initial Dynamic Equations -- 2.2 Equation of State -- 3. Derivation of the Basic Equations for the “Plane” Functions -- 3.1 Order-of-Magnitude Estimates of the Terms in the Initial Equations -- 3.2 The Two Limiting Cases of
Astrophysical Discs -- 3.3 Limitations of the Characteristic Times of Processes Studied in the Two-Dimensional Approximation -- 3.4 Closed System of Integro-differential Equations for a Barotropic Disc -- 4. Closed Set of Differential
Equations for a Polytropic Disc in an External Gravitational Field -- 4.1 Derivation of the Two-Dimensional Equations -- 5. Closed Set of Differential Equations for a Polytropic Self-gravitating Disc -- 5.1 Derivation of the
Two-Dimensional Equations -- 5.2 Why Does the Gradient of the Plane Pressure Not Have the Physical Meaning of a Force? -- 6. Conclusion -- 1. Derivation of a Closed Set of Integro-differential Equations -- 2. Derivation of the
Dispersion Equation Describing the Three-Dimensional Perturbations -- 4. Dispersion Relation for Waves in the Plane of the Disc -- 5. The Role of Perturbations Along the Rotation Axis -- 5.1 Condition for Neglecting Mass Transfer Along
the Rotation Axis -- 5.1.1 General Case -- 5.1.2 Isothermal Disc -- 6. Conclusion -- III. Derivation of the Linearised Equations for Oscillations of a Viscous Disc -- 1. Derivation of the Linearised Equations for Oscillations of a
Viscous Uniformly Rotating Disc -- 2. Derivation of the Linearised Equations for Oscillations of a Viscous Differentially Rotating Disc of Inelastic Particles with Account of External Matter Fluxes -- 3. Derivation of the General
Dispersion Equation -- IV. Evaluating the Gravitational Potential Inside and Outside a Triaxial Ellipsoid -- 1. Potential Inside the Ellipsoid -- 2. Potential Outside the Ellipsoid -- V. A Drift Mechanism for the Formation of the
Cassini Division -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Statement of the Problem -- 3. Derivation of the Non-linear Momentum Conservation Equations -- 4. Time-Averaged Non-linear Momentum Conservation Equations -- 5. Absence of Averaged Radial Mass
Flux in a Dissipationless Disc. Large-Scale Convection -- 6. Radial Mass Transfer in a Viscous Disc -- 7. Evolution of the Surface Density of a Disc -- 8. Conditions for the Formation of Different Types of Resonant Structures: Gaps or
Wavetrains? -- 9. Estimate of the Maximum Width of a Gap Produced by a Density Wave -- 10. Some Additional Remarks -- VI. Resonance Structures in Saturn’s C Ring -- References
ISBN:9783662039182
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Space sciences , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461547990:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models of Non-Linear Excitations, Transfer, Dynamics, and Control in Condensed Systems and Other Media
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (411 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4799-0
Contents:I. Mathematical models for nonlinear phenomena and properties (kinetic and dynamic processes, mass and heat transfer) -- Temperature jump and weak evaporation in a poly-atomic gas -- Evolution of the dynamic dissipative systems as a
temporal “colour” fractal -- Existence of solutions and dynamical models of Chandrasekhar H-equations -- Fluid dynamic limit of the Boltzmann kinetic equation arising in the coagulation—fragmentation dynamics -- Necessary and
sufficient conditions for solvability of the initial-boundary value transport problem -- Solitary waves in two-component resonantly absorbing media -- Nonlinear vector model of the internal DNA dynamics -- The dynamics of the economic
society structure -- Mathematical model for the heat mass transfer in the systems with the nonlinear properties induced by the electromagnetic radiation -- Mathematical model nonlinear heat transfer in an inhomogeneous dispersible
system -- II. Numerical methods and computer simulations -- Unsteady viscous flow simulation based on QGD system -- Ecological after-effects numerical modelling under methane combustion -- Computer simulation of evaporation process
into the vacuum -- On oscillation and nonoscillation domains for difference Riccati equation -- III. Nonlinear phenomena in physics -- Dusty particle interaction in plasma placed in magnetic field -- Tunnel transport of electrons at
anharmonic accepting mode -- Atomic operator formalism of elementary gates for quantum computation and impurity-induced exciton quantum gates -- Nonlinear spin waves and magnet-acoustic resonance in the model of Heisenberg magnet --
Modeling of 2delectron field emission from silicon microcathode -- Echo-phenomenon in ferroelectric solid and liquid crystals -- Investigations of blistering in solids using stochastic model -- Electric potentials distribution for
particles located in solution -- Statement and solution of a boundary value problem in a model of a plasma generator as controlled system -- IV. Nonlinear models in chemical physics and physical chemistry -- Complex representation of
dynamics of coupled nonlinear oscillators -- Conducting channels structure and dielectric-metal switching stability in thin amorphous films -- Phenomenological description for process of multiple disintegration of solids under
intensive stress action such as compression & shear -- Vaporization and growth of aerosol particles, given internal heat release and radiant heat exchange -- Vaporization and growth of large and moderately large particles at
considerable differences of gaseous component concentrations -- Diffusive vaporization and growth of assembly ofN-large particles -- Analysis of the phenomenon of autoacceleration in free radical polymerization -- Quntum-chemical
models for the active centers of transition metals biologically active complexes. Interconnection of the active centers structure and the functions -- Relations between the properties of substances and their molecular structure:
phenomenological study of substituted methanes and their analogs
ISBN:9781461547990
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical chemistry , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematical models , Physics , Condensed matter , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Physical Chemistry , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642587672:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Density-Driven Flow in Porous Media Principles, Numerics, Software
Author(s): Ekkehard O Holzbecher
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (286 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-58767-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Density-Driven Flow -- 1.2 Modeling -- 1.3 Modeling Density-driven Flow in Porous Media -- 1.4 FAST-C(2D) Modeling Software -- 2 Density and Other Water Properties -- 2.1 Dependence on Temperature -- 2.2
Dependence on Salinity -- 2.3 Dependence on Pressure -- 3 Analytical Description -- 3.1 Basic Principles -- 3.2 Oberbeck-Boussinesq Assumption -- 3.3 Hydraulic Head Formulation -- 3.4 Streamfunction Formulation -- 3.5 Vorticity
Equation -- 3.6 Extended Oberbeck-Boussinesq Assumption -- 3.7 Dimensionless Formulation -- 3.8 Boundary Layer Formulation -- 3.9 Heat and Mass Transfer -- 4 Numerical Modeling (Fast-C(2D)) -- 4.1 Spatial Discretization -- 4.2 Temporal
Discretization -- 4.3 Boundary Conditions -- 4.4 Initial Conditions and RESTART -- 4.5 Solution of the Nonlinear System -- 4.6 Solution of Linear Systems -- 4.7 Postprocessing -- 5 Steady Convection -- 5.1 Bénard Experiments in Porous
Medium -- 5.2 Linear Analysis -- 5.3 Bifurcation Analysis -- 5.4 Numerical Experiments -- 6 Special Topics in Convection -- 6.1 Thermal Convection in Slender Boxes -- 6.2 Variable Viscosity Effects on Convection -- 6.3 Convection in
Cold Groundwater -- 6.4 Relevance of Convection in Natural Systems -- 7 Oscillatory Convection -- 7.1 Hopf Bifurcation -- 7.2 Simulation -- 7.3 Influence of Numerical Parameters -- 8 Horizontal Heat and Mass Transfer -- 8.1 Analytical
Approximations and Solutions -- 8.2 Numerical Experiments -- 9 Elder Experiment -- 9.1 Laboratory Experiment -- 9.2 Numerical Experiments -- 9.3 Related Problems -- 10 Geothermal Flow (Yusa’s Example) -- 10.1 Hypothetical Situation and
Analytical Description -- 10.2 Flow Pattern Characterization -- 10.3 Sensitivity Analysis -- 10.4 Other Geothermal Systems -- 11 Saltwater Intrusion (Henry’s Example) -- 11.1 Problem Description -- 11.2 Sharp Interface Approach -- 11.3
Henry’s Example -- 11.4 Modeling Saltwater Intrusion -- 12 Saltwater Upconing -- 12.1 Problem Description -- 12.2 Modeling Saltwater Upconing -- 12.3 Case Study -- 13 Flow Across a Salt-Dome -- 13.1 Salt Formations and Scenarios --
13.2 HYDROCOIN Test-Case -- 13.3 Modeling the HYDROCOIN Test-Case -- 13.4 FAST-C(2D) Model -- 14 Desert Sedimentary Basins -- 14.1 System Description -- 14.2 Numerical Modeling -- Concluding Remark -- References -- Appendix I:
Fast-C(2D) Input- and Output-Files -- Input-File for FAST-C(2D) -- Output-Files
ISBN:9783642587672
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Earth sciences , Hydrogeology , Geomorphology , Continuum physics , Geophysics , Water pollution , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geomorphology , Classical Continuum Physics , Hydrogeology , Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Po , Earth Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9781461217305:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics in Industrial Problems Part 10
Author(s): Avner Friedman
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (189 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1730-5
Contents:1 Simulation and modeling of updrain TMOS devices -- 1.1 Applications -- 1.2 Structure of a smart power device -- 1.3 Mathematical models -- 1.4 Solution to problem (1) -- 1.5 Partial solution to problem (3) -- 1.6 References -- 2
Strategic risk management using stochastic programming -- 2.1 Dynamic programming -- 2.2 Stochastic programming -- 2.3 Bundling -- 2.4 Epiconsistency -- 2.5 Future directions -- 2.6 References -- 3 Discrete fluids using lattice gas
methods -- 3.1 Computational aeroacoustics -- 3.2 Lattice gas methods -- 3.3 Hypercubic lattice -- 3.3.1 Aerodynamic studies -- 3.3.2 Acoustic study -- 3.4 Open opportunities -- 3.5 References -- 4 Computer-aided design of developable
surfaces -- 4.1 Developable surfaces -- 4.2 Properties of developable surfaces -- 4.3 Developable Bézier surfaces -- 4.4 Open problems -- 4.5 References -- 5 Modeling techniques for computation of coating flows -- 5.1 Coating
configuration -- 5.2 The governing equations -- 5.3 Fluid flow in a slot -- 5.4 Inclined boundary -- 5.5 References -- 6 Measuring coalescence rates -- 6.1 The coalescence problem -- 6.2 Introducing chemiluminescent species -- 6.3
Results and open problems -- 6.4 Partial solutions -- 6.5 References -- 7 The light field for diffusely scattering media -- 7.1 The problem -- 7.2 Radiation transfer -- 7.3 Modulation transfer function -- 7.4 Solving for I -- 7.5
Further questions -- 7.6 References -- 8 The changing nature of network traffic analysis and modeling -- 8.1 Motivation -- 8.2 Changes and challenges -- 8.3 Self-similar processes -- 8.4 An example -- 8.5 Open problems -- 8.6
References -- 9 Stress-induced warpage in micro-accelerometers -- 9.1 Micro-accelerometers -- 9.2 Warping in micro-accelerometers -- 9.3 Buckling of micromachined structure -- 9.4 Solution to problem (1) -- 9.5 References -- 10
Exchange energy representations in computational micromagnetics -- 10.1 Micromagnetic structure -- 10.2 The Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation -- 10.3 Numerical methods -- 10.4 Open problem -- 10.5 References -- 11 Nonlinear effects in
electrorheological fluids -- 11.1 Elect rorheological fluids -- 11.2 An integral equation approach -- 11.3 A time dependent model -- 11.4 Open problems -- 11.5 Solution to problems (1)(2) -- 11.6 References -- 12 Modeling of a building
cooling system -- 12.1 Cooling systems terminology -- 12.2 A cooling system diagram -- 12.3 Statement of the problem -- 12.4 Dynamic equations -- 12.5 Open problems -- 12.6 References -- 13 Mass transport and adsorption in
particle-loaded beds -- 13.1 Adsorption measurements -- 13.2 A mathematical model -- 13.3 A simplified model -- 13.4 Numerical and experimental results -- 13.5 References -- 14 Growth instability in metal electrodeposition -- 14.1 The
Hull cell -- 14.2 Model equations -- 14.3 Open problems -- 14.4 References -- 15 Simulation of production metal cutting processes -- 15.1 Metal cutting process -- 15.2 Model equations -- 15.3 Numerical results -- 15.4 References -- 16
Application of inverse scattering to oil field evaluation problems -- 16.1 Extended Born approximation -- 16.2 An inversion approach -- 16.3 Imaging pits in corroded steel casings -- 16.4 References -- 17 Solutions to problems from
previous parts -- 17.1 Part 5 -- 17.2 Part 7 -- 17.3 Part 9 -- 17.4 References
ISBN:9781461217305
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 100
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical models , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9789401716758:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV I — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Workshop, Lisbon, Portugal, 18–19 November 1996
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (506 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1675-8
Contents:Equivalent Transmissivities in Heterogeneous Porous Media under Radially Convergent Flow -- Inverse Modelling of Groundwater Flow Incorporating Parameter, Boundary and Initial Conditions and Model Error Uncertainty -- Geostatistical
Analysis of Fractured Rock Characteristics -- On the Application of Stochastic Inverse Modelling to the Fractured Semi-Confined Aquifer of Bagueixe, Portugal -- Solute Transport in Single and Multiple Scale Heterogeneous Formations:
Numerical Experiments -- Numerical Aspects of the Universal Kriging Method for Hydrological Applications -- The use of Conservative Mass Transport Analysis as a Quick Look Tool to Rank Geostatistical Realizations of Heterogeneous
Structures -- Simplified Renormalization: A New Quick Upscaling Technique -- Impact of Random Function Choice on Groundwater Mass Transport Modelling -- Mapping Spatial and Temporal Variation of Groundwater Quality in the Netherlands
-- A Model of Aquifer Heterogeneity -- Geostatistical Study of Nitrate Contents in the Aquifers of Campo de Dalias (SE Spain) -- Evaluation of Reactive Transport Processes in a Heterogeneous Porous Aquifer within a Non-Parametric
Numerical Stochastic Transport Modelling Framework based on Sequential Indicator Simulation of Categorical Variables -- Parameter Estimation for Groundwater Models by Indicator Kriging -- Numerical Characterization of Contaminant
Transport in Nested Two-Scale Porous Media -- Interpolation of Groundwater Quality Parameters using Additional Information -- A Neural Network Aided Filtering Algorithm for Diagnosing and Predicting Nonlinear Contaminant Transport
Dynamics -- Hydrological Modelling of Distributed Rainfall/Runoff in the Watershed of Guadiana -- Spatial Correlations of Hydrochemical Parameters -- Seasonal Variations on Systems of Triple Influence. The Importance of Silicate
Weathering, Soil Fertilization and Domestic Effluents to the Composition of Stream Water as Determined by Correspondence Analysis -- Kriging vs Stochastic Simulation for Risk Analysis in Soil Contamination -- A Framework for
Optimization of Soil Sampling Strategy and Soil Remediation Scenario Decisions using Moving Window Kriging -- Analysis of Solute Redistribution in Heterogeneous Soil: I. Geostatistical Approach to Describe the Spatial Scaling Factors
-- Analysis of Solute Redistribution in Heterogeneous Soil: II. Numerical Simulation of Solute Transport -- Simulating Locational Error in Field-Based Measurements of Reflectance -- Application of Geostatistics to 3D Modelling of
Contaminated Sites: A Case Study -- Mapping Cadmium Concentration and the Risk of Exceeding a Local Sanitation Threshold using Indicator Geostatistics -- Geostatistical Methods Applied to Characterization of the Heterogeneity of the
Migmatite Formation at Olkiluoto, Western Finland -- Spatial Simulated Annealing for Optimizing Sampling. Different Optimization Criteria Compared -- Improved Rainfall Estimation by Integration of Radar Data: A Geostatistical Approach
-- Stochastic Simulation of Lichen Biodiversity using Soft Information from Remote Sensing Data -- Chernobyl Fallout: Review of Advanced Spatial Data Analysis -- Space-Time Analysis of Air Pollution in Lisbon -- Habitat Evaluation
using Logistic Regression -- Geostatistical Modeling of Species Distributions. Implications for Ecological and Biogeographical Studies -- Global Warming and the Weights of Rats: Uses of the Variogram in the Analysis of Longitudinal
Data -- Variographic Refinement of North Sea Herring Acoustic Survey Data -- Applying Geostatistics to Exposure Monitoring Data in Industrial Hygiene -- Conditional Simulation and Estimation of Gauss-Markov Random Fields using the
Bayesian Nearest Neighbor Method -- Clustering of Spatial Data by the EM Algorithm
ISBN:9789401716758
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 9
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Probabilities , Statistics , Pollution , Air pollution , Environmental pollution , Earth Sciences , Geology , Pollution, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Terrestrial Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461385004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Models in Geosystems
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (492 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8500-4
Contents:Seismic coda waves: A stochastic process in earth’s lithosphere -- One dimensional random walk in a random medium -- Cascade of scaling gyroscopes: lie structure, universal multifractals and self-organized criticality in turbulence --
A non-linear model for fluid parcel motions in the presence of many large and meso-scale vortices -- Scale-dependent ocean wave turbulence -- A survey of cascades with applications from geosciences -- The role of statistical models in
turbulence theory -- Ocean circulation: flow in probability under statistical dynamical forcing -- Random topography in geophysical models -- Dynamical and statistical characteristics of geophysical fields and waves and related
boundary-value problems -- Localization of low frequency elastic waves -- Stochastic forcing of oceanic motions -- Radiative transfer in multifractal atmospheres: fractional integration, multifractal phase transitions and inversion
problems -- The morphology and texture of anisotropic multifractals using generalized scale invariance -- Short-correlation approximation in models of turbulent diffusion -- Comments on estimation and prediction for autoregressive and
moving average nonGaussian Sequences -- Probability distributions of passive tracers in randomly moving media -- Three-dimensional Burgers’ equation as a model for the large-scale structure formation in the universe -- Non-mean field
approach to self-organization of landforms via stochastic merger -- Asymptotics of solutions of Burgers’ equation with random piecewise constant data -- Modeling the spatiotemporal dynamics of earthquakes with a conservative random
potential and a viscous force -- Mass transport by Brownian flows
ISBN:9781461385004
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 85
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geophysics , Probabilities , Physics , Earth Sciences , Earth Sciences, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461222927:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids IV Response of Highly Porous Solids to Shock Loading
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (342 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-2292-7
Contents:1 Comments on Shock-Compression Science in Highly Porous Solids -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Macroscopic Deformation Characteristics of Powder Compacts -- 1.3. Scientific Issues and Tools -- 1.4. Materials Science Observations -- 1.5.
Time-Resolved Stress Measurements -- 1.6. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 2 Shock Loading of Porous High Explosives -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Porous/Distended Materials in General -- 2.3. Equations of State for
Porous Explosives -- 2.4. Compaction Waves -- 2.5. Shock Initiation of Porous Explosives -- 2.6. Detonation in Porous Explosives -- 2.7. Summary -- Acknowledgment -- References -- 3 Continuum Mixture Modeling of Reactive Porous Media
-- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Theoretical Foundations -- 3.3. Model Application to Shock Impact Experiments -- 3.4. Summary -- References -- 4 Two-Phase Media Model of Shock Compression with Chemical Reaction -- 4.1. Introduction --
4.2. Two-Constituent Model of a Powder Mixture Undergoing Chemical Reaction -- 4.3. Numerical and Acoustic Analysis of Wave Processes in Three-Layer Target Containing a Cell with SnS/Sn+S Powder Mixture -- 4.4. Concluding Remarks --
Acknowledgments -- References -- 5 Developments in Constitutive Modeling of Shock-Induced Reactions in Powder Mixtures -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Comparative Features of the Reactive Models -- 5.3. Equivalence of the Reactive Models
-- 5.4. Generalized VIR with Mass Transport and Chemical Reaction -- 5.5. Model Calculations -- 5.6. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 6 Discrete Meso-Element Modeling of Shock Processes in Powders -- 6.1. Introduction --
6.2. Theory of the Discrete Meso-Dynamic Method -- 6.3. Determination of Material Parameters -- 6.4. Modeling Calculations of Shock Process in Powder Materials -- 6.5. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 7 Recent
Developments in Modeling Shock Compression of Porous Materials -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Pore Collapse -- 7.3. Shock Compression -- 7.4. Shock Wave Propagation in Porous Materials -- 7.5. Summary -- Acknowledgment -- References -- 8
Elastic-Plastic Waves in Porous Materials -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Mathematical Models of Porous Materials -- 8.3. Mathematical Model of a Porous Elastic-Plastic Material -- 8.4. Numerical Simulation of Shock Wave Propagation in
Porous Aluminum and Iron -- 8.5. Expansion Shock Wave in Porous Material -- List of Symbols -- References -- 9 The Numerical Simulation of the Dynamic Compaction of Powders -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. An Eulerian Hydrocode Formulation
-- 9.3. Specialized Hydrocode Development for Shock Compaction -- 9.4. Verification of the Bulk Response -- 9.5. Predicted Powder Morphologies -- 9.6. Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 10 Materials Issues in
Shock-Compression-Induced Chemical Reactions in Porous Solids -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Materials Issues -- 10.3. Shock-Compression Characteristics -- 10.4. Process Mechanisms of Shock-Induced Reactions -- 10.5. Summary and
Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 11 Shock Synthesis of Materials -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Experimental Techniques -- 11.3. Shock Synthesis -- 11.4. Concluding Remarks -- References -- 12 Magnetic Response of
Powders to Shock Loading and Fabrication of Nanocrystalline Magnets -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Estimation of the Continuum Shock State -- 12.3. In-Situ Measurements of Magnetization -- 12.4. Magnetic Properties of
Shock-Consolidated Powder -- 12.5. Conclusion -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461222927
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Materials science , Physics , Thermodynamics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401104098:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer Processes
Author(s): V. G Danilov
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (323 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0409-8
Contents:I. Properties of Exact Solutions of Nondegenerate and Degenerate Ordinary Differential Equations -- 1.1. Standard equations -- 1.2. Examples -- II. Direct Methods for Constructing Exact Solutions of Semilinear Parabolic Equations --
2.1. Preliminary notes -- 2.2. Representation of self-similar solutions in terms of rational functions -- 2.3. Construction of exact one-phase and two-phase solutions -- 2.4. Formulas for solutions of semilinear parabolic equations
with common cubic nonlinearity -- 2.5. Relation between the number of phases in the solution and the degree of nonlinearity -- 2.6. Asymptotics of wave creation for the KPP-Fisher equation -- III. Singularities of Nonsmooth Solutions
to Quasilinear Parabolic and Hyperbolic Equations -- 3.1. Main definitions -- 3.2. Asymptotic solutions bounded as ? ? 0 -- 3.3. Asymptotic solutions unbounded as ? ? 0 -- 3.4. The structure of singularities of solutions to quasilinear
parabolic equations near the boundary of the solution support -- 3.5. The structure of singularities of nonsmooth self-similar solutions to quasilinear hyperbolic equations -- IV. Wave Asymptotic Solutions of Degenerate Semilinear
Parabolic and Hyperbolic Equations -- 4.1. Self-stabilizing asymptotic solutions -- 4.2. Construction of nonsmooth asymptotic solutions. Derivation of basic equations -- 4.3. Global localized solutions and regularization of ill-posed
problems -- 4.4. Asymptotic behavior of localized solutions to equations with variable coefficients -- 4.5. Heat wave propagation in nonlinear media. Asymptotic solutions to hyperbolic heat (diffusion) equation -- 4.6. Localized
solutions in the multidimensional case -- V. Finite Asymptotic Solutions of Degenerate Equations -- 5.1. An example of constructing an asymptotic solution -- 5.2. Asymptotic solutions in the one-dimensional case -- 5.3. Asymptotic
finite solutions of degenerate quasilinear parabolic equations with small diffusion -- 5.4. Relation between approximate solutions of quasilinear parabolic and parabolic equations -- VI. Models for Mass Transfer Processes -- 6.1.
Nonstationary models of mass transfer -- 6.2. Asymptotic solution to the kinetics equation of nonequilibrium molecular processes with external diffusion effects -- 6.3. The simplest one-dimensional model -- VII. The Flow around a Plate
-- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Uniformly suitable asymptotic solution to the problem about the flow of low-viscous liquid around a semi-infinite thin plate -- 7.3. Asymptotic behavior of the laminar flow around a plate with small
periodic irregularities -- 7.4. Critical amplitude and vortices in the flow around a plate with small periodic irregularities -- References -- Appendix. Justification of Asymptotic Solutions -- 1. One-dimensional scalar case -- 3.
Zeldovich waves
ISBN:9789401104098
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematics and Its Applications : 348
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemometrics , Approximation theory , Partial differential equations , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Fluids , Mathematics , Partial Differential Equations , Approximations and Expansions , Applications of Mathematics , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781461384540:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics in Industrial Problems Part 7
Author(s): Avner Friedman
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (246 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8454-0
Contents:1 Mass flow sensing with heat waves -- 1.1 Air flow sensor -- 1.2 Steady-state heat transfer -- 1.3 Heat waves -- 1.4 Automotive air flow sensor model -- 1.5 Mathematical results -- 1.6 References -- 2 Mass transport in colloidal
dispersions -- 2.1 Physical motivation -- 2.2 Modeling equilibrium -- 2.3 Kinetics: single component -- 2.4 Kinetics: multiple components -- 2.5 References -- 3 Crack propagation modeling -- 3.1 Crack propagation in a conductor -- 3.2
The hypersingular integrals -- 3.3 Open problems -- 3.4 References -- 4 Modeling of electrostatic bell sprayers -- 4.1 The coating process -- 4.2 Mathematical modeling -- 4.3 Numerical results -- 4.4 Future directions -- 4.5 References
-- 5 Neural networks as controllers -- 5.1 Neural networks -- 5.2 Control of dynamical systems -- 5.3 Gradient methods for controller training -- 5.4 An example -- 5.5 The idle-speed control problem -- 5.6 Unresolved questions -- 5.7
References -- 6 Head-media interaction in magnetic recording -- 6.1 Head-tape interaction -- 6.2 The mathematical model -- 6.3 Test case -- 6.4 Open problems -- 6.5 References -- 7 Geometric path planning in rapid prototyping -- 7.1
Layered manufacturing -- 7.2 Offset curve representation -- 7.3 Pythagorean—hodograph (PH) curves -- 7.4 Bézier representation -- 7.5 References -- 8 Feature detection and tracking in three dimensional image analysis -- 8.1
Applications -- 8.2 Edge detection -- 8.3 Topographic classification -- 8.4 Image registration -- 8.5 Future research issues -- 8.6 References -- 9 Robot localization using landmarks -- 9.1 The position estimation problem -- 9.2 Linear
position estimation -- 9.3 Open problems -- 9.4 References -- 10 Coordinates for mechanisms configuration spaces -- 10.1 Kinematics of closed-loop mechanisms -- 10.2 Mechanism coordinates an example -- 10.3 Mechanism complexity -- 10.4
Mathematical modeling -- 10.5 Open problems -- 10.6 References -- 11 Pulse optimization for multi-user data communications -- 11.1 Multiple access -- 11.2 The single user case -- 11.3 The multiple user case -- 11.4 Coupled base
stations -- 11.5 Open problems -- 11.6 References -- 12 Propagation of highly scattered radiation in tissue -- 12.1 Maxwell’s equations -- 12.2 Radiation transport theory -- 12.3 Diffusion approximation -- 12.4 Imaging -- 12.5
References -- 13 Doping profiling by inverse device methods -- 13.1 Semiconductor devices -- 13.2 Measuring doping profile by direct measurements -- 13.3 PN junction -- 13.4 The inverse problem -- 13.5 References -- 14 Mathematical
modeling in diffractive optics -- 14.1 The direct problem -- 14.2 Solution of the direct problem -- 14.3 Optimal design problem -- 14.4 Inverse problem -- 14.5 Diffractive optics in nonlinear media -- 14.6 Truncated periodic structure
-- 14.7 References -- 15 Coping with complex boundaries -- 15.1 Capacity and translational friction -- 15.2 Flow through duct having arbitrary cross-section -- 15.3 Effective properties of inhomogeneous media -- 15.4 References -- 16 A
short random walk through polymer material behavior -- 16.1 Strain-stress relations -- 16.2 Molecular modeling -- 16.3 Open problems -- 16.4 References -- 17 Finite set statistics with applications to data fusion -- 17.1 Random sets --
17.2 Single-sensor, single-target estimation -- 17.3 Multi-sensor, multi-target estimation -- 17.4 An example -- 17.5 References -- 18 Electromigration modeling for smart power applications -- 18.1 Universal Power Output Driver (UPOD)
-- 18.2 Previous work -- 18.3 Electromigration -- 18.4 References -- 19 Maxwell’s equations and the analysis of electromagnetic devices -- 19.1 Electromagnetic actuators -- 19.2 The Maxwell equations -- 19.3 The numerical scheme --
19.4 References -- 20 Engineering modeling of batteries -- 20.1 Description of the battery cell -- 20.2 Mathematical modeling -- 20.3 Numerical results and open problems -- 20.4 References -- 21 Solutions to problems from previous
parts -- 21.1 Part 6 -- 21.2 Part 5 -- 21.3 Part 3 -- 21.4 Part 1 -- 21.5 References
ISBN:9781461384540
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 67
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Engineering , Computational intelligence , Mathematics , Applications of Mathematics , Computational Intelligence , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401109260:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinematics and Dynamics of Diffuse Astrophysical Media
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (401 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0926-0
Contents:Cosmical Aerodynamics — Why was it so Difficult? -- Shaping Planetary Nebulae -- Investigating the Kinematics of the Faint Giant Haloes of Planetary Nebulae -- Shock Modelling of Planetary Nebulae -- Imaging Polarimetry of
Proto-Planetary Nebulae -- IRAS 17423-1755: a BQ[ ] Star with a Variable Velocity Outflow -- Spectroscopic Constraints on Outflows from BN-type Objects -- First Wavelet Analysis of Emission Line Variations in Wolf-Rayet
Stars-Turbulence in Hot-Star Outflows -- Complex Structure Associated with the Wolf-Rayet Star WR147 -- The Importance of Continuum Radiation for the Stellar Wind Hydrodynamics of Hot Stars -- Herbig Ae/Be Stars -- 3-D Radiative Line
Transfer for Be Star Envelopes -- Radiatively Driven Winds Using Lagrangian Hydrodynamics -- Parametric Determination of the Inclination of Keplerian Circumstellar Discs from Spectropolarimetric Profiles of Scattered Lines --
Observational Evidence for Global Oscillations in Be Star Disks -- Coupled Stellar Jet/Molecular Outflow Models -- Modelling Jet-Driven Molecular Outflows -- Jets -- A Simulation of a Jet with the Hiccups -- Interactions Between
Molecular Outflows and Optical Jets -- Proper Motion Measurements in the HH 46/47 Outflow -- The Serpens Radio Jet: Evidence of Precession or Nutation -- Fragmentation and Heating of Streamers in Orion -- Highly Supersonic Molecular
Flows in Wind-Clump Boundary Layers -- High Density Tracers in Outflow Regions: NH3 vs. CS -- Modelling the Constancy of X -- Gas-Grain Interaction in the Low Mass Star-Forming Region B335 -- The Structure and Dynamics of M17SW -- The
Hydrodynamics of Bipolar Explosions -- Shock-Heated Gas in the Outbursts of Classical Novae -- The Crab Nebula Revisited -- Pulsar Magnetospheres: Classical and Quasi-Classical Descriptions -- The Global Structure of the Insterstellar
Medium -- A Power Spectrum Description of Galactic Neutral Hydrogen -- A Statistical Description of Astrophysical Turbulence -- Rosat Wide Field Camera Data and the Temperature of the Interstellar Medium -- Hierarchial Galactic Dynamo
and Seed Magnetic Field Problem -- Cosmic Ray Diffusion at Energies of 1 MeV to 105 GeV -- Alfvénic Waves and Alignment of Large Grains -- An Interstellar Thermostat: Gas Temperature Regulated by Grain Charge -- Recent Optical
Observations of Circumstellar and Interstellar Phenomena -- Internal Motions of HII Regions and Giant HII Regions -- High-Speed Flows in the Vicinity of the Trapezium Stars -- The Orion Nebula: Structure, Dynamics, and Population -- An
Evolutionary Model for the Wolf Rayet Nebula NGC 2539 -- Supersonic Turbulence in Giant Extragalactic HII Regions -- The Dynamics of the Ring Nebula Surrounding the LBV Candidate He 3-519 -- Turbulent Mixing in Wind-Blown HII Regions
-- Shock Wave Structure in the Cygnus Loop -- Catastrophic Cooling Diagnostics -- Star Formation in Shocked Layers -- Binary and Multiple Star Formation -- Galactic Fountains -- The Solution Topology of Galactic Winds -- Galactic Scale
Gas Flows in Colliding Galaxies: 3-Dimensional, N-Body/Hydrodynamics Experiments -- Gas Flow in a Two Component Galactic Disk -- How Faithful Are N-Body Simulations of Disc Galaxies? — Artificial Suppression of Gaseous Dynamical
Instabilities -- Long-Lived Spiral Structure in N-Body Simulations: Work in Progress -- The Use of Gravitational Microlensing to Scan the Structure of BAL QSOs -- Anomalous Component Motion in the MAS Double Radio Source 0646+600 --
Effects of Dense Medium Surrounding Galactic-Sized Radio Sources -- 8.4 Ghz Vla Observations of the CfA Seyfert Sample -- Relativistic Jet Simulations -- Active Galactic Nuclei Flow Velocities and the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays --
Hidden Broad Line Regions and Anisotropy in AGN -- The Starburst Galaxy NGC1808: Another M82? -- List of Forthcoming Papers -- The ‘KLUWER’ LaTeX Style File
ISBN:9789401109260
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461518297:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dusty and Dirty Plasmas, Noise, and Chaos in Space and in the Laboratory
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (591 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-1829-7
Contents:1. Cosmic Dusty Plasmas -- 1.1 Cosmic Dusty Plasmas: Some Recent Results -- 1.2 Parametric Excitation of the Low-Frequency Oscillations in the Dusty plasma of Planetary Rings -- 1.3 Spokes in the Saturn’s Ring as Solutions in Dusty
Plasma -- 1.4 Effects of the Charged Dust in a High Energy Electron Beam -- 1.5 Plasma Tail and Dust Tail of Comets -- 1.6 CRRES Plasma Wave Observations during Quiet Times, during Geomagnetic Disturbances, and during Chemical Releases
-- 2. Laboratory Dusty Plasmas: Theory and Experiment -- 2.1 Coherent Structures in Low-Temperature Dusty Plasmas -- 2.2 Electron-Free Plasma -- 2.3 Measurement of Electric Carge of Dust in a Plasma -- 2.4 Effects of Intersteiler
Neutral Wind on the Structure of the Heliosphere — Laboratory Simulation -- 3. Meteorologico-Electric Environment and EHD -- 3.1 EHD and EHMD Transport Processes in Dusty and Dirty Plasmas -- 3.2 The Mechanism of Electrohydrodynamic
Wind Generation in a Lower Atomosphere -- 3.3 Verhulst Dynamics and Fractal Streching of Transition Layer Vorticity -- 3.4 The state of Matter FIELD and Its Property — A New Basic Approach to the Understanding of Terrestrial and
Extraterrestrial Electomagnetic Environment -- 4. Self-Organization and Turbulence -- 4.1 Self-Organization Processes in Turbulent Atomosphere and Methods for Their Study -- 4.2 Studying of Helical Turbulence Self-Organization Based on
3D-Generation of Hasegawa-Mima Equation -- 4.3 Quantum Aspects of Self-Organization in Dynamically Random Systems -- 4.4 Self-Organization in Plasmas -- 4.5 Plasma Maser in Turbulent Media -- 4.6 A Statistical Theory of Turbulence --
4.7 Two-Time Fourier Convolution Theorem and Its Applications -- 5. Lightning Discharges and Laboratory Simulation -- 5.1 A New Model of Lightning -- 5.2 Acoustic -based Real Time Reconstruction of Lightning Discharge Channel Using
Parallel Processing -- 5.3 Forecast of Winter Thundercloud of by Frequency Analysis of Atomospheric Pressure -- 5.4 Fundamental Experiments Concerning Laser Triggered Lightning -- 6. Atmospheric Electricity and Noise -- 6.1 Jet Stream
Electrodynamics -- 6.2 Fading Patterns on on the Sonagram of Atomospherics -- 6.3 Mobility Distributions and Mass Distributions of Atomospheric Ions near the Ground -- 7. Magnetospheric Noise and Pulsations -- 7.1 Local Time Dependence
of Wave Characteristics of Pi2 Pulsations Observed at Synchronous Orbit -- 7.2 Solar Cycle Variation of Local Time Dependence in Frequency of Occurrence of Pi2 -- 7.3 Magnetospheric VLF Waves Observed by DE-1 -- 7.4 The Experimental
Results of triggering Chorus Emissions from Monochromatic Wave Components in the Hiss Band in the Outer Magnetosphere -- 7.5 A New Direction Finding Method of Magnetospheric VLF/ELF Radio Waves Using the Linear Regularization and
Generalized Cross Validation -- 8. Planetary and Solar Noise and Plasmas -- 8.1 Non-Auroral Lights on Jupiter’s Dark Side -- 8.2 Venus Plasma Noise Studies: A Lesson from Flawed Analysis and Intepretation -- 8.3 Beaming Geometry of the
Io-Related Decametric Radiation -- 8.4 Yohkoh Observations from the Onset of Several Flares -- 8.5 Plasma Corona and Dust Corona of the Sun -- 9. Galactic Noise and Plasmas -- 9.1 An Overview of Observations with X-Ray Astronomy
Satellite GINGA -- 9.2 X-Ray Emission from Compact X-Ray Sources and the Dust near or surrounding the Sources -- 9.3 A Systematic Study of Dense Cloud Cores and Star Formation -- 10. Fluctuations, Chaos, Reconnection, and Acceleration
-- 10.1 Chaos in Plasmas: A Case Study in Thermionic Discharges -- 10.2 Fluctuational and Intermittent Chaos: Wave-Turbulent and Wave-Fluctuation Amplification Processes in Geophysical Hydrodynamics -- 10.3 Electric Reconnection and
Chaos in Dusty and Dirty Plasmas -- 10.4 Pre-Earthquake Ionospheric Effects and their Possible Mechanisms -- 10.5 Plasma-Based Particle Acceleration -- 11. Ball Lightning and Microwave Discharges -- 11.1 A Novel Method to Induce
Atmospheric Microwave Discharges by Moderate Powers -- 11.2 Nature of Fireballs Produced by Microwave Interference -- 11.3 Considerations of Internal Mechanism of Ball Lightning — Based on the simulation experiment of damages on the
tree which were seemed to be produced by ball lightning
ISBN:9781461518297
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Continuum physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical Continuum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9781489912190:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetries in Science VI From the Rotation Group to Quantum Algebras
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (770 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-1219-0
Contents:Deformable Media with Microstructure -- Biorthogonal and Orthogonal Bases in the Missing Label Problem -- Lie Ideals and Symmetric Bi-Derivations of Prime Rings -- From Q-Oscillators to Quantum Groups -- An Analog of the Fourier
Transformation for a q-Harmonic Oscillator -- Geometry, Group Theory and Partitions -- Origin of Spin: From Rotation Group to Noncommutative Zitterbewegung -- Massless Representations of the Poincaré Group and Conformai Invariance --
q-Deformed Oscillators in Nuclear and Molecular Physics -- Induced Representations and the Frobenius Theorem for Finite Quantum Groups -- Non-Abelian Surprises for Gauge Fields Coupled to Gravity -- Colored Supersymmetry of Mesons and
Baryons based on Octonionic Algebras -- Quantum Algebras and Lie Groups -- q-Fock Space Representations of the q-Lorentz Algebra and Irreducible Tensors -- Construction of Quantum Groups and the Yang-Baxter Equation with Spectral
Parameter -- Supersymmetry and the Nonlocal Yangian Deformation Symmetry -- Quantum Algebras: Representations and Real Forms -- Lagrangians from Equations: a Skyrmion Case Study -- Probability, Representations, and Coordinates on Lie
Groups -- A Quantum Algebraic Interpretation of the Basic Hypergeometric Series r?s -- Generalized Lie Algebras -- Geometrization of Mechanics -- The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and the Rotation Group -- Universal Regularities in
Multiparticle Production -- On the Octonionic Nahm Equations and Self-Dual Membranes in 9 Dimensions -- Vector Coherent State Constructions of U(3) Canonical Shift Tensors of Biedenharn-Louck Type -- New Applications of the
Biedenharn-Temple Operator -- On the Group Theory of the Polarization States of a Gauge Field -- Representation Theory of Finite Groups -- Fate of Classical Symmetry in Field Theory -- Quark Rotation Groups for the Atomic f Shell --
Z3-Grading and Ternary Algebraic Structures -- Infinite Dimensional Representations of Quantum Algebras -- Free Groups, their Automorphism Groups, Applications -- Upper Bound on the Top Quark Mass for Supersymmetric SU(5) Model --
Representations of Classical Groups on the Lattice and its Application to the Field Theory on Discrete Space-Time -- From the Rotation Group to the Poincaré Group -- D=4 Quantum Poincaré-Heisenberg Algebra -- ?-Deformed Poincaré
Algebra and some Physical Consequences -- Geometrical Phase, Generalized Quasienergy and Floquet Operator as Invariants -- Algebraic Structure of Observables in Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and their Biological Significance -- The
Dirac Oscillator and a Baryon Mass Formula -- Universal SU(2/1) and the Higgs and Fermion Masses -- Novel Implications of the q-Analogue Coherent States -- Covariant Quantum Algebras -- Q-Deformation of Para-Fermi Commutation Relations
-- Yang-Baxter Equation and the Triple Product Systems -- Spin-Statistics and Topology -- Unitary Group Approach to Valence Bond and Coupled Cluster Methods -- Is There Any Relation between N Pairs of Deformed Q-Bosons and
Uq[OSP(1/2N)]? -- q-Bosons and Irreducible Tensors for q-Algebras -- Noncommutative Dynamics -- The Biedenharn-Louck Tensor Calculus from a Vector Coherent State Perspective -- QCD Originated Dynamical (Super) Symmetry for Hadrons --
The Two-Dimensional Symplectic and Metaplectic Groups and their Universal Cover -- Some Aspects of q-Boson Calculus -- Quantum Group Analogues of Squeezed States -- The Pauli Principle and Systems Consisting of Composite Particles --
Quantum Galilei Group as a Symmetry of the Heisenberg Linear Magnetic Chain -- Aspects of Lie Algebra Quantization -- Parallel Lifts and Holonomy along Density Operators: Computable Examples using O(3)-Orbits -- Covariant Form of
Center of Energy -- Yet Another Form of the Relation Between Quantum and Classical Physics
ISBN:9781489912190
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Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783540472698:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena III Proceedings of the 7th International Topical Meeting, Doorwerth, The Netherlands, August 26–30, 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (732 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-47269-8
Contents:I Environmental and Trace Analysis, Agricultural, Biological, and Medical Applications -- II Spectroscopy -- III Non-Destructive Evaluation and Material Characterization -- IV Ultrasound and Kinetics, Including Ultrafast Phenomena --
V Electronic Materials and Semiconductors -- VI New Topics, Experimental Techniques and Instrumentation -- VII Phase Transitions, Heat and Mass Transfer -- VIII Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, and Heterogeneous Media -- Index of
Contributors
ISBN:9783540472698
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 69
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781475721751:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Convection in Porous Media
Author(s): Donald A Nield
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (408 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-2175-1
Contents:Mechanics of Fluid Flow through a Porous Medium -- Heat Transfer through a Porous Medium -- Mass Transfer in a Porous Medium: Multicomponent and Multiphase Flows -- Forced Convection -- External Natural Convection -- Internal Natural
Convection: Heating from Below -- Internal Natural Convection: Heating from the Side -- Mixed Convection -- Double-Diffusive Convection -- Convection with Change of Phase -- Geophysical Aspects
ISBN:9781475721751
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Energy industries , Air pollution , Physics , Thermodynamics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Energy Economics , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783540464839:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun and Cool Stars: activity, magnetism, dynamos Proceedings of Colloquium No. 130 of the International Astronomical Union Held in Helsinki, Finland, 17–20 July 1990
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-53955-7
Contents:The confrontation of mean-field theories with numerical simulations -- On numerical studies of solar/stellar convection -- Turbulent Convection: A New Model -- Large scale convection in stars : Towards a model for the action of
coherent structures -- Magnetoconvection patterns in rotating convection zones -- Stellar convection as a low Prandtl number flow -- Convective overshoot as a source of helicity -- Topological pumping in the lower overshoot layer --
Diffusion of particles, heat and magnetic fields in compressible turbulent media -- The spatial structure of homogeneous turbulence at high Reynolds number -- Compressible MHD in spherical geometry -- The role of overshoot in solar
activity: A direct simulation of the dynamo -- Vector potential magnetic null points -- Magnetic tubes in overshooting compressible convection -- Convective cores in stellar models -- Rotational effects on Reynolds stresses in the
solar convection zone -- Stable and unstable solutions of the nonlinear dynamo problem -- Nonlinear nonaxisymmetric dynamos for active stars -- Waves of Solar Activity -- Non-steady global magnetic fields in kinematic theory --
Asymptotic methods in the nonlinear mean-field dynamo -- Fractal flux tubes of the solar magnetic field -- ??-dynamos -- Fossil magnetic fields and activity of young stars -- The sun's internal differential rotation from
helioseismology -- ?-effect, meridional flow and the differential solar rotation -- Differential rotation as an axisymmetric resonant mode of convection -- The solar internal rotation and its implications -- The toroidal magnetic field
inside the Sun -- The transfer of large-scale magnetic field by radial inhomogeneity of the material density in the rotating convection zone -- Diagnostics of the solar dynamo using the observed pattern of surface magnetic fields --
The large-scale magnetic field in the global solar cycle: observational aspects -- Evolution of large and small scale magnetic fields in the sun -- The solar dynamo -- A topological model of the solar magnetic field reversals -- Solar
internal rotation, the boundary layer dynamo and latitude distribution of activity belts -- Solar rotation over solar cycle 21 -- Sun-as-a-star: Its convective signature and the activity cycle -- The hel ?10830 Å line as an indicator
of the chromospheric and coronal activity of the sun -- The rotational modulation of ca II K in the sun -- The prolonged minima and maxima of solar activity -- The longer term evolution of magnetic field and mass flow in a decaying
active region -- The main component analysis of the longitudinal distribution of solar activity -- Fe I line asymmetries and shifts caused by pressure broadening -- Rotation of large scale patterns on the solar surface as determined
from filament and millimeter data -- Large scale patterns on the solar surface indicated by microwave observations -- The solar corona over the recent saros -- The history of activity of the Sun and its rotational period on the ZAMS --
The differential rotation and evolution of spots on UX Arietis from a sequence of Doppler images -- The art of surface imaging -- Surface imaging of El Eri -- Towards magnetic images of rapidly rotating late-type stars -- Chromospheric
surface structures on El Eridani and HD 199178 -- Activity, colour anomalies and temperature determination in solar-type stars -- Dynamo action in evolved stars -- The boundary between the magnetic fields of ap stars and the fields of
solar-type stars -- Doppler mapping of CP-star surfaces with weak and strong magnetic fields -- Temperature variations on the surface of the Si-star CU Virginis -- Learning about stellar dynamos from long-term photometry of starspots
-- Starspot activity on short-period RS CVn stars -- Variations in spottedness of photosphere and chromosphere of the flare star EV Lac -- Surface inhomogeneities on the W UMa star AC Bootis -- Long-term starspot behavior of BY Dra and
EV Lac -- The spot activity of FK Comae Berenices -- On the existence of solar-type activity in the secondary components of cataclysmic variables -- Radial velocity variability of K giants -- Recent advances in the observation and
analysis of stellar magnetic fields -- Limits on the magnetic flux of a pre-main sequence star -- Stellar zeeman analyses: Effects of multi-component atmospheres -- Multi-line Zeeman analysis -- A new technique to measure magnetic
field strength in active stars -- Magnetic flux determination in late-type dwarfs -- Linear polarization and magnetic fields in cool stars -- Long-term polarimetric activity of the cool supergiant µ Cephei -- Polarimetric observations
of active cool binaries -- Magnetic fields and filling factors in late-type stars: Predictions from dynamo theory -- Activity of relatively close binaries -- Two kinds of activity in late-type stars -- Ca II H and K and H?, and Li
abundances in the pleiades late K main-sequence -- Is ? Boo AB a young or an evolved system? a model atmosphere analysis -- Spectroscopic analysis of HR 1099 -- Recent advances in our understanding of chromospheric and coronal heating
mechanisms -- Ca II H high-resolution spectral monitoring of active late-type dwarfs -- The onset of chromospheres in A-type stars: The altair affair -- H? and NaD line variability in RY Tauri -- He I 5876 å line in the study of
chromospheric activity in F-type MS stars -- The age evolution of Ca II emission in late type stars -- Ca II H and K spectroscopy of ER Vul -- The variations of the H? line of HD199178 -- H? emission in the giant components of RS CVn
systems -- Spectroscopy of southern active stars -- Full phase coverage of by Dra with the VLA -- Coronal magnetic fields of Algol binaries from microwave spectra -- On the coronal activity of RS CVn systems -- Flare rate spectra as a
possibility of diagnostics of convection zones in stars -- Observations relating to stellar activity, magnetism and dynamos -- Concluding summary: Theoretical aspects
ISBN:9783540464839
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 380
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461389194:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Micromechanics and Inhomogeneity The Toshio Mura 65th Anniversary Volume
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (211 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8919-4
Contents:An Inverse Problem in Nondestructive Inspection of a Crack in a Plate with an Inhomogeneity by Means of the Electrical Potential Method -- The Effective Thermoelastic Properties of Whisker-Reinforced Composites as Functions of
Material-Forming Parameters -- On the Specific Damaging Effects of Surface and Near-Surface Inclusions -- On a Correspondence Between Mechanical and Thermal Effects in Two-Phase Composites -- On Atomic Spacing in Large Regular Cubic
Lattices -- Crack Tip Toughening by Inclusions with Pairs of Shear Transformations -- Boundary Conditions at Interfaces -- On Viscoplasticity and Continuum Dislocation Theory -- A Circular Inclusion with Slipping Interface in Plane
Elastostatics -- Mechanical Properties of Cracked Solids: Validity of the Self-Consistent Method -- The Elastic and Diffusional Interaction of Spherical Inhomogeneities in a Uniaxial Stress Field -- Analysis of Cracks in Transversely
Isotropic Media -- Modified Green Functions in the Theory of Heterogeneous and/or Anisotropic Linearly Elastic Media -- Inclusion With and Without Free Surfaces in a Plane Strain -- Interaction of Slip Bands in High-Cycle Fatigue Crack
Initiation -- Elastic Behavior of Laminated Flexible Composites Under Finite Deformation -- On the Basic Components of the Interaction Energy Between Two Infinitesimal Circular Defects in an Isotropic Elastic Body -- Successive
Iteration Method in the Evaluation of Average Fields in Elastically Inhomogeneous Materials -- Effects of Nonmetallic Inclusions on the Fatigue Strength of Metals -- Elastic Solids with Microdefects -- The Effective Moduli of Layered
Media—A New Look at an Old Problem -- Thermomechanical Hysteresis and Analogous Behavior of Composites -- The Effect of Voids and Inclusions on Wave Propagation in Granular Materials -- Crack, Dislocation Free Zone, and Dislocation
Pile-Up Model for the Behavior of the Hall—Petch Relation in the Range of Ultrafine Grain Sizes -- The Elastic Fields Produced by an Infinitesimal Dislocation Loop, an Interstitial Atom, and a Vacancy Moving with Uniform Velocity --
Energy Consideration on a Branched and Curved Crack Extension -- Elastic/Plastic Indentation Hardness of Ceramics: The Dislocation Punching Model -- Some Thoughts on Inhomogeneous Distribution of Fillers in Composites -- The
Eigenvectors of the S Matrix and Their Relations with Line Dislocations and Forces in Anisotropic Elastic Solids -- On the Strain Energy of Transformation Inhomogeneities in Solids -- The Hemispherical Inhomogeneity Subjected to a
Concentrated Force -- Dislocation Inhomogeneity in Cyclic Deformation -- Equivalence of Green’s Function and the Fourier Series Representation of Composites with Periodic Microstructure -- Polarization, Virtual Mass, and Analogous
Elastic Properties -- Edge Crack Solution Through Use of Dislocation Shielding/Antishielding -- Variational Estimates for the Overall Behavior of a Nonlinear Matrix—Inclusion Composite -- Theory of Plasticity for a Class of Inclusion
and Fiber-Reinforced Composites -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461389194
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461232261:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electrodynamics of Continua I Foundations and Solid Media
Author(s): A. C Eringen
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (436 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-3226-1
Contents:(Volume I) -- 1 Kinematics of Material Continua -- 1.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 1.2. Mass and Charge -- 1.3. Motion and Deformation -- 1.4. Strain Measures -- 1.5. Polar Decomposition -- 1.6. Infinitesimal Strains -- 1.7. Volume and
Area Changes -- 1.8. Compatibility Conditions -- 1.9. Deformation Rates -- 1.10. Rigid Body Motion -- 1.11. Objectivity -- 1.12. Objective Time Rates of Tensor Fields -- 1.13. Kinematics of Line, Surface, and Volume Integrals -- 2
Microscopic Electromagnetic Theory -- 2.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 2.2. Electric Charge -- 2.3. Electric Moments -- 2.4. Current, Magnetic Moments -- 2.5. Microscopic Electromagnetic Fields -- 2.6. Electromagnetic Force on a Point
Particle -- 2.7. Microscopic Maxwell’s Equations -- 2.8. Electromagnetic Force on Composite Particles -- 2.9. Couple Acting on a Composite Particle -- 2.10. Power of Electromagnetic Forces -- 3 Macroscopic Electromagnetic Theory --
3.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 3.2. Statistical Averages -- 3.3. Maxwell’s Equations -- 3.4. Galilean Invariance of Maxwell’s Equations -- 3.5. Macroscopic Densities of Mass, Force, Couple, and Power -- 3.6. Electromagnetic Stress
Tensor, Momentum, and Poynting Vector -- 3.7. Electromagnetic Force, Couple, and Power at a Discontinuity Surface -- 3.8. Balance Laws of Continuum Physics -- 3.9. Balance Laws of Electrodynamics -- 3.10. Thermomechanical Balance Laws
-- 3.11. Clausius-Duhem Inequality -- 3.12. Invariance Requirements for Balance Laws -- 3.13. Principle of Virtual Power -- 3.14. Résumé of Balance Laws -- 4 Elementary Properties of Electromagnetic Continua -- 4.1. Scope of the
Chapter -- 4.2. Dielectric Materials -- 4.3. Physical Theory of Dielectrics -- 4.4. Magnetic Materials -- 4.5. Different Types of Magnetism -- 4.6. Electric Conduction -- 4.7. Interaction Between Light and Electromagnetic Continua -- 5
Constitutive Equations -- 5.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 5.2. Résumé of Balance Laws -- 5.3. Raison d’Être -- 5.4. Axioms of Constitutive Theory -- 5.5. Integrity Basis Under Crystallographic Point Groups -- 5.6. Integrity Basis Under
Magnetic Point Groups -- 5.7. Integrity Basis of Vectors and Tensors for Isotropic Materials -- 5.8. Constitutive Equations of Electromagnetic Elastic Solids -- 5.9. Isotropic Electromagnetic Elastic Solids -- 5.10. Anisotropic
Electromagnetic Elastic Solids -- 5.11. Linear Constitutive Equations -- 5.12. Electromagnetic Fluids -- 5.13. Résumé of Constitutive Equations -- 6 Rigid Dielectrics -- 6.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 6.2. Fundamental Equations -- 6.3.
Potential Theory -- 6.4. Charged Cylinder -- 6.5. Potential in Half-Plane -- 6.6. Charged Disk -- 6.7. Plane Electromagnetic Waves in Isotropic Bodies -- 6.8. Spherical Waves -- 6.9. Nonlinear Theory of Rigid Dielectrics -- 6.10.
One-Dimensional Problem -- 6.11. Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Problem -- 6.12. Solutions of Two-Dimensional Problems for Special Dielectrics -- 6.13. Nonlinear Electromagnetic Waves -- 6.14. Electromagnetic Shock Waves in Rigid Stationary
Dielectrics -- 6.15. Moving Rigid Dielectrics -- 6.16. Nonlinear Optics -- 6.17. Solitary Waves -- 7 Elastic Dielectrics -- 7.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 7.2. Résumé of Basic Equations. -- 7.3. Uniqueness Theorem -- 7.4. Piezoelectric
Moduli -- 7.5. Piezoelectrically Excited Thickness Vibrations of Plates -- 7.6. Extensional Vibrations of Piezoelectric Rods -- 7.7. Surface Waves -- 7.8. Radially Symmetric Vibrations -- 7.9. Spherically Symmetric Vibrations of Thin
Ceramic Shells -- 7.10. Piezoelectrically Generated Electric Field -- 7.11. Elastic Dielectrics Subject to Finite Deformations and Fields -- 7.12. Cylindrically Symmetric Deformation of a Tube Subject to a Radial Field -- 7.13.
Axisymmetric Oscillations of a Tube -- 7.14. Small Deformations and Fields Superimposed on Large Static Deformations and Fields -- 7.15. Photoelastic Effect -- 7.16. Electro-Optical Effect -- 7.17. Magneto-Optical Effects -- 7.18.
Elastic Ionic Crystals, Ferroelectrics, and Other Polarizable Solids -- 8 Magnetoelasticity -- 8.1. Scope of the Chapter -- 8.2. Résumé of Basic Equations -- 8.3. Static Magnetoelastic Fields -- 8.4. Uniformly Magnetized Sphere in
Nonpermeable Medium -- 8.5. Two-Dimensional Magnetoelasticity -- 8.6. Stress Concentration at a Circular Hole -- 8.7. Radial Motions of a Cylinder Under an Axial Magnetic Field -- 8.8. Propagation of Plane Waves -- 8.9. Waves Induced
by a Thermal Shock -- 8.10. Homogeneous Strain in a Magnet -- 8.11. Simple Shear -- 8.12. Torsion of a Cylindrical Magnet -- 8.13. Electric Conduction in a Twisted Cylinder -- 8.14. Theory of Magnetoelastic Plates -- 8.15. Plate under
Transverse Magnetic Field -- 8.16. Magnetoelastic Buckling of a Circular Plate -- 8.17. Other Works: Dynamic Buckling and Nonlinear Waves -- Appendices -- A. Crystallographic Point Groups -- B. Crystallographic Magnetic Groups -- C.
Integrity Bases of Crystallographic Groups -- D. Some Theorems on Symmetric Polynomial Functions -- E. Representations of Isotropic, Scalar, Vector, and Tensor Functions -- F. Maxwell’s Equations in Various Systems of Units --
References
ISBN:9781461232261
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Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Electrical engineering , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Electrical Engineering , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400929593:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bioastronomy — The Next Steps Proceedings of the 99th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in Balaton, Hungary, June 22-27, 1987
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (434 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2959-3
Contents:Session 1 Astrophysical Clues to the Habitability -- What Should We Look for When We Return to Mars? -- Water: An Absolute Requirement for Life -- Europa: The Prospects for an Ocean -- Is Uranus the Most Promising Planet for SETI? --
What Do We Know About the Nucleus of Comet Halley? -- Comets and Life -- Distribution of Planetary Systems -- Belt of Life in the Galaxy -- The Galactic Belt of Intelligent Life -- Landscapes on an Imaginary Planet -- Session 2 Search
for Extrasolar Planets -- Planetary Detection Techniques: An Overview -- A Search for Planetary Mass Companions to Nearby Stars -- A Radial Velocity Search for Extrasolar Planets -- IRAS Statistics on Main Sequence Stellar IR Excesses
and Models of Corcumstellar Particle Clouds -- Progress in Determining the Space Orientation of Stars -- A Photometric Approach to Detecting Earth-Sized Planets -- Systematic Aspects of Direct Extrasolar Planet Detection -- Direct
Imaging of Extra-Solar Planetary Systems With a Low-Scattered Light Telescope -- Discovery/Study of Planetary Systems Using Astrometry from Space -- Session 3 Search for Primitive Life -- Optical Interferometry and the Detection of
Evidence of Life -- Searching for Extrasolar Life With Space Telescopes -- Session 4 Alternate Biologies? Alternate Pathways? -- Development of Constraints Imposed by Cosmic Evolution Towards Life -- Cosmic Metabolsim: The Origin of
Macromolecules -- Exotic Chemical Life -- A Sceptic’S View -- Hydrothermal Energy Flow of Planetary Bodies and the Creation of Living Systems -- Survival Strategies for Life in High UV, Low Density Environment -- Anticrick: The Nothing
is Not Regulable -- The Right-Left Asymmetry in Biology -- Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich (1914–1987) -- Chemical Production of Optically Pure Systems -- The Interferometer Paradigm for Mammalian Binaural Hearing -- Session 5 Is
Intelligence an Inevitable Evolutionary Trait? -- Fast Tracks to Intelligence -- Form and Function in Neurobiology -- Can We Communicate With Other Species on this Planet? -- SETI and the Physical Scientist’S Misconstrual of
Evolutionary Biology -- Can We Communicate with Aliens? -- CETI: Historical Retrospective of Interaction Of Cultures -- Some Biological Implications on Drake’S Formula -- Regional Jurisdiction in Our Galaxy -- One More Solution to the
Fermi Paradox -- The Evolution of Technological Civilizations Within the Limits of their Own Solar System -- The Galactic Center -- Supercivilizations as Possible Products of the Progressive Evolution of Matter in the Universe --
Session 6 Prospects for Detecting Technological Civilizations -- Being Optimistic About SETI -- Fermi Paradox and Alternative Strategies for SETI: The Anthropic Principle and the Search for Solar Analogs -- The SETI Related Use of
Large Astronomical Archives -- Artifical Signal Detectors -- Search for Artificial Cosmic Radio Emission -- The Quasat Satellite and its Set Applications -- SETI With a French Accent -- Field Test Results With the Targeted Search MCSA
-- The Berkeley Piggyback SETI Program: Serendip II -- 3 Pulse/Multiple Stage Continuous Wave Detection Algorithms -- The CETI Ellipsoid and the Supernova 1987A -- Energy Saving Interstellar Communication With Moderate Effort --
Optical Lasers for CETI -- SETI in Optical Range With the 6M Telescope: Mania -- Stars as Gravitational Lenses -- The Pro’S and Con’S of Gravitational Lenses in CETI -- The Next Steps: 20 Possibilities -- Session 7 What If We Succeed?
-- The Tale of a Candidate Signal -- The Argument for Eti in the Edo Age -- What If We Succeed? (A Media Viewpoint) -- Who Will Speak for Earth? -- The Flag of the Earth
ISBN:9789400929593
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Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 144
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400928893:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Groundwater Flow and Quality Modelling
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (843 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2889-3
Contents:I. Principles, Basic Equations and Analytical Solutions -- Review of stochastic theory of transport in groundwater flow -- On the identification of the parameters of groundwater mass transport -- Heat and mass transfer in unsaturated
porous media with application to thermal energy storage -- Basin-scale transport of dissolved species in groundwater -- Variable density fluid flow in the brackish transition zone between fresh and saline groundwater -- Stationary
principles for flow and transport in aquifers -- II. Modelling Flow and Transport in Porous-Like Media -- An overwiew of groundwater modelling -- Incorporating assurance into groundwater quality management models -- The eigenvalues
approach for solving linear groundwater flow problems -- New method for diffusive transport -- Comparison of fast equation solvers for groundwater flow problems -- Modelling flow and transport through porous media in vector computers
-- Eulerian-Lagrangian method for solving transport in aquifers -- Hydrodynamic dispersion in model porous media -- The random walk method in pollutant transport simulation -- Modeling of solute transport with the random walk method --
III. Modelling Flow and Transport in Fractured Media -- Modelling of flow through fractured rocks: geostatistical generation of fractures networks. Stress-flow relationship in fractures -- Combined seismic and hydraulic method of
modeling flow in fractured low permeability rocks -- Stochastic continuum representation of fractured rock permeability as an alternative to the REV and fracture network concepts -- Flow in three-dimensional fracture networks using a
discrete approach -- MINC: an approach for analyzing transport in strongly heterogeneous systems -- A stochastic particle transport model based on directional statistics of flow through fracture networks -- IV. Consideration of
Fluid-Solid Phase Interactions and Heterogeneities in Modelling -- Advances in modelling water-rock interaction in aquifers -- Parameters for modelling the transport of cadmium as influenced by the chemical properties of groundwater
and aquifer material -- Micro-scale modelling in the study of plume evolution in heterogeneous media -- Modelling the increasing dispersivity with FE transport models using the multilayer concept -- Random-walk method to simulate
pollutant transport in alluvial aquifers or fractured rocks -- V. Multiphase Flow and Transport Modelling -- Advances in modeling of water in the unsaturated zone -- FLuid-mechanical aspects of the migration of chemicals in fractured
media -- About the numerical analysis of dynamics in multi-component-continua -- VI. Aquifer Parameter Identification by Models -- State-of-the-art of the inverse problem applied to the flow and solute transport equations -- Estimation
of spatial covariance structures with application to hydrological, hydro-chemical and isotopic data from aquifers: state-of-the-art and adjoint state maximum likelihood cross-validation methods -- Bayesian identification of
steady-state (anisotropic) groundwater flow models -- VII. Data Gathering and Utilization of Models -- Present limitations and perspectives on modelling pollution problems in aquifers -- Advances in the assessment of data worth for
engineering decision analysis in groundwater contamination problems -- A comparative analysis of mathematical mass transport codes for groundwater pollution studies -- New approaches and applications in subsurface flow modeling: 3-D
finite element analysis of dewatering for an electro-nuclear plant -- Large scale 3-D groundwater flow modeling in highly heterogeneous geologic medium -- Gathering of data for modelling -- Present status of coastal aquifer modelling:
short review -- Conclusions -- Transport modeling -- Solution methods in groundwater flow and transport -- Transport processes in groundwater: chemical and biological aspects -- Application of models -- Author Index -- List of
Participants
ISBN:9789400928893
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 224
Keywords: Earth sciences , Hydrogeology , Earth Sciences , Hydrogeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783642739026:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VII
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (616 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-73902-6
Contents:1. Activated Chemisorption -- 1.1 A Brief History -- 1.2 Classification of Activated Chemisorption -- 1.2.1 Molecular Structure -- 1.2.2 Electronic Structure of the Gas -- 1.2.3 Electronic Structure of the Solid -- 1.2.4 Atomic
Arrangement of the Solid -- 1.2.5 Strength of Chemisorption Bonding -- 1.2.6 Surprises -- 1.3 Formal Kinetics -- 1.3.1 Concentration Dependence of Chemisorption Rates -- 1.3.2 Temperature Dependencies -- 1.3.3 Angular and Mass
Dependence -- 1.4 Case Studies in Activated Adsorption -- 1.4.1 Methane and Other Alkanes on Metal Surfaces -- 1.4.2 Hydrogen on Copper -- 1.4.3 Hydrogen on Elemental Semiconductors -- 1.4.4 Activated Adsorption on Densely Packed
Planes -- a) Hydrogen and Nitrogen on W{110}, Re{0001}, and Ru{0001} -- b) Hydrogen on Platinum {111} -- c) Hydrogen on Nickel {111} and {110} -- 1.4.5 Slow Chemisorption of Nitrogen -- a) Nitrogen on Platinum Group Metals -- b)
Chemisorption of Nitrogen on Iron -- 1.4.6 A Surprise: Oxygen on W{110} -- 1.5 Summary -- References -- 2. Physisorbed Rare Gas Adlayers -- 2.1 Experimental Techniques -- 2.1.1 General Remarks -- 2.1.2 Probe Particles -- a) Electrons
-- b) Neutrons -- c) X-Ray Photons -- d) Helium Atoms -- 2.2 Solid-Solid Transitions in Two Dimensions -- 2.2.1 Commensurability -- 2.2.2 Fundamentals of the Theory Describing the Commensurate-Incommensurate Transition in 2D -- 2.2.3
The C-I Transition of Monolayer Xe on Pt{111} -- 2.2.4 Can High Order Commensurate Adlayers be Distinguished from Incommensurate Ones? -- i) Thermal expansion -- ii) Commensurate buckling -- iii) Lattice dynamical criterion -- iv)
Bragg peak singularities -- 2.2.5 The I-HOC Phase Transition of Monolayer Kr on Pt{111} -- 2.2.6 Rotational Epitaxy of Monolayers -- 2.3 Multilayer Growth of Rare Gases -- 2.3.1 Dynamical Coupling Between Adlayer and Substrate -- 2.3.2
Layer-by-Layer Evolution of the Lattice Dynamics -- 2.3.3 Growth Mode and the Scale of Substrate Strength -- 2.3.4 Epitaxial Layer Growth of Xe on Pt{111} -- 2.4 Conclusion -- References -- 3. Infrared Spectroscopy of Semiconductor
Surfaces -- 3.1 Theoretical Framework -- 3.1.1 Macroscopic Theory (Three-Layer Model) -- 3.1.2 Microscopic Model of the Active Layer -- 3.1.3 Model for Electronic Absorption -- 3.1.4 Discussion of the Assumption of Sharp Boundaries --
3.1.5 First-Principle Calculations -- 3.2. Experimental Geometries and Techniques -- 3.2.1 Vibrational Modes in Substrate Optical Gap -- 3.2.2 Vibrational Modes in Substrate Absorption Region -- 3.2.3 Experimental Apparatus -- a)
Surface Infrared Spectrometer -- b) Sample Geometry -- c) Other Techniques -- 3.3 Selected Examples -- 3.3.1 Structure of the Si{100}-(2x1)H System -- 3.3.2 H-saturated Si{100} and Ge{100} Surfaces -- 3.3.3 Dynamics of H on Si{100} --
3.3.4 H2O on Si{100} -- 3.3.5 Electronic Absorption of Si{100} and Si{111} -- a) Si{100} -- b) Si{111} -- 3.3.6 Chemistry at Semiconductor Surfaces -- 3.4 Problems and Future Directions -- 3.5 Conclusions -- References -- 4. Surface
Phonons — Theory -- 4.1 Discoveries and Advances -- 4.1.1 Advances in Experimental Studies of Surface Phonons -- 4.1.2 New Computational Methods -- A) Clean Surfaces -- a) Spectral Densities -- b) Surface Phonons and Resonances -- c)
Anharmonic Effects -- d) First Principles Calculations of Surface Phonon Dispersion Curves -- B) Adsorbate Covered Surfaces -- a) A Single Adparticle -- b) A Periodic Array of Adatoms -- 4.2 Surface Phonons on Complex Crystals and
Structures -- 4.2.1 Surface Phonon Anomalies Caused by the Electron-Phonon Interaction -- 4.2.2 Surface Phonon Kohn Anomalies -- 4.2.3 Molecular Crystals -- 4.2.4 Crystal Surfaces with High Miller Indices -- 4.2.5 Reconstructed
Surfaces -- 4.2.6 Amorphous Media -- 4.2.7 An Incommensurate Array of Adatoms -- 4.3 Some Directions for Future Research -- References -- 5. Interpretation of the NEXAFS Spectra of Adsorbates Using Multiple Scattering Calculations --
5.1 Multiple Scattering Calculations of Near Edge Spectra of Molecules -- 5.2 Atomic and Diatomic Adsorbates -- 5.3 Computational Method for Complex Molecules and Clusters -- 5.4 More Complex Adsorbates -- 5.4.1 Ethylene and Ethylidyne
on Pt{111} -- 5.4.2 Benzene on Pt{111} -- 5.4.3 Saturated Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- 5.4.4 Thiophene and Platinum Metallacycle -- 5.5 Conclusions -- References -- 6. Near-Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy: A Probe of Local
Bonding for Organic Gases, Solids, Adsorbates, and Polymers -- 6.1 Development of NEXAFS: An Overview -- 6.2 Experimental Details -- 6.3 Results and Analysis -- 6.3.1 The Signatures of Individual Bonds -- 6.3.2 Assembly of Diatomics to
Functional Groups -- 6.3.3 The Fingerprints of Functional Groups -- 6.3.4 Assembly of Functional Groups to Macromolecules -- 6.3.5 Limitations of the Building Block Approach -- 6.4 Conclusions and Future Prospects -- References -- 7.
Surface Kinetics with Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 7.1 An Overview of Methods for Characterizing Surface Reactions -- 7.2 Transient Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) as a Probe of Surface Reactions --
7.2.1 Soft X-ray Absorption Using Electron Detection -- 7.2.2 CO Desorption from the Pt{111} Surface -- 7.2.3 Pyridine Reorientation of the Ag{111} Surface -- 7.2.4 Ethylene Conversion to Ethylidyne on the Pt{111} Surface -- 7.2.5
Summary: Transient NEXAFS Using Electron Detection -- 7.3 Fluorescence Yield Near-Edge Structure (FYNES) -- in the Soft X-ray Region -- 7.3.1 Apparatus -- 7.3.2 Summary: Soft X-ray Absorption Using Fluorescence Detection -- 7.4 Future
Opportunities -- References -- 8. Overview of Electron Microscopy Studies of the So-Called “Strong Metal-Support Interaction” (SMSI) -- 8.1 Experimental -- 8.2 Results and Discussion -- 8.3 Summary -- References -- 9. Theory of
Desorption Kinetics -- 9.1 Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of a Two-Phase Adsorbate -- 9.1.1 Preliminary Comments -- 9.1.2 General Formulation -- a) Adsorption -- b) Desorption -- c) Two-Dimensional Condensation and Evaporation -- d)
Equilibration of the 2D Gas Phases -- e) Equilibrium Properties -- 9.1.3 Results -- 9.1.4 A Simplified Model -- 9.2 Microscopic Approaches -- 9.3. Outlook -- References -- 10. Fractals in Surface Science: Scattering and Thermodynamics
of Adsorbed Films -- 10.1 Fundamentals of Fractal Geometry -- 10.1.1 Definition 1 -- 10.1.2 Definition 2 -- 10.2 Small-Angle Scattering from Fractal Surfaces -- 10.2.1 Theorem 1 -- 10.2.2 Theorem 2 -- 10.2.3 Theorem 3 -- 10.3
Application: Small-Angle He Scattering from Adsorbate Islands on an Ordered Surface -- 10.4 Scattering from a Diffusing Adsorbate on a Fractal Surface -- 10.5 Henry’s Law of Adsorption on a Fractal Surface -- 10.6 BET Condensation of a
Gas on a Fractal Surface -- 10.7 Bose-Einstein Condensation in Nonintegral Dimensions -- 10.8 Conclusion -- References -- 11. Critical Phenomena of Chemisorbed Atoms and Reconstruction — Revisited -- 11.1 Brief Recap -- 11.2 Results
from Computed Structure Factors -- 11.2.1 General Features -- 11.2.2 Diffraction-Limit Results -- 11.2.3 Energy-Like Limit -- 11.2.4 Melting to an Incommensurate Disordered Phase -- 11.2.5 Critical Behavior at Temperature-Driven
First-Order Transitions -- 11.2.6 Effects of Defects -- 11.3 Experimental Progress Since ISISS-1981 -- 11.3.1 4-State Potts Systems: O/Ru{0001} -- 11.3.2 Ising Systems -- 11.3.3 XY with Cubic Anisotropy -- 11.3.4 Se/Ni{100}:
Realization of the Ashkin-Teller Model? -- 11.4 Conclusions -- References -- 12. Surface Electronic Interactions of Slow Ions and Metastable Atoms -- 12.1 Electron Ejection by Auger Neutralization (AN) and Auger De-excitation (AD) --
12.2 Resonance Tunneling Makes Two-Stage Processes Possible -- 12.3 Matrix Elements, Transition Rates, and Related Probability Functions -- 12.4 Variation of Atomic Energy Levels Near a Solid Surface -- 12.5 Excitation Conversion of
He*(1S) to He*(3S) -- 12.6 What Determines the Ultimate Mode of Electron Ejection? -- 12.7 A Selective Listing of Investigations with Some Comments -- 12.8 Summary -- References -- 13. Equilibrium Crystal Shapes and Interfacial Phase
Transitions -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 The Crystal Shape as a Free Energy -- 13.3 The Wulff Construction as Legendre Transformation -- 13.4 Applications -- 13.4.1 Facets, Cusps, and Roughening -- 13.4.2 Sharp Edges, Thermal Faceting,
and Forbidden Regions of the Wulff Plot -- 13.4.3 T=0 Roughening and the Degeneracy of Corners and Edges -- 13.4.4 The Statistical Mechanics of Crystal Shapes -- 13.4.5 Critical Behavior of the Equilibrium Crystal Shape -- 13.4.6
Calculating the Shapes of Real Crystals -- 13.5 Open Questions -- References -- 14. Experimental Aspects of Surface Roughening -- 14.1 Equilibrium Crystal Shapes and Surface Roughening -- 14.2 The Detection of Steps on Surfaces -- 14.3
Energetics of Step Formation and Surface Diffusion -- 14.4 Diffraction Studies of the Roughening Transition -- 14.5 The Dependence of TR on Crystal Orientation -- 14.6 Conclusions -- References -- 15. Relationship Between Anisotropy of
Specific Surface Free Energy and Surface Reconstruction -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Anisotropics of Specific Surface Free Energy, ?(?) -- 15.2.1 Experiment -- 15.2.2 Theory -- 15.3 Reconstruction of Pt{110} — Surface Self-Diffusion
Measurements -- 15.4 Surface-Atom Core Level Shifts of Pt -- 15.5 Adsorbate-Induced Reconstruction -- 15.6 Reconstruction and Faceting — a Comparison -- References -- 16. Surface Melting -- 16.1 Melting and the Role of the Surface --
16.2 Thermodynamics of Surface Melting -- 16.2.1 Driving Force -- 16.2.2 Which Surfaces Do Melt? -- 16.2.3 Crystal-Face Dependence of Surface Melting -- 16.2.4 Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Phenomenological Theories -- 16.3
Observations of Surface Melting -- 16.3.1 Calorimetry -- 16.3.2 Optical Measurements -- 16.3.3 Rutherford Backscattering of Ions -- a) Shadowing and Blocking -- b) Backscattering from a Melted Surface -- c) Melting
ISBN:9783642739026
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 10
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783540474333:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tunable Solid-State Lasers II Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting, Rippling River Resort, Zigzag, Oregon, June 4–6, 1986
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (369 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-47433-3
Contents:I Spectroscopy -- Two-Photon Spectroscopy Using Infrared Photons -- Laser Spectroscopy Measurements on Tunable Solid State Laser Materials -- Spectral Holeburning in Titanium-Doped Sapphire and YAG -- II Chromium Spectroscopy --
Chromium Activated Crystals as Tunable Laser Media — What Makes Them Special? -- Radiative and Nonradiative Energy Transfer Between Cr3+ and Nd3+ in GSGG -- Excited-State Absorption and Photoconductivity of GSGG:Cr and GSAG:Cr. -- The
Fluorescence Behaviour of Chromium-Doped Oxide Glasses -- III Crystal Growth -- Chromium-Doped Garnet Hosts: Crystal Chemistry Development and Properties -- Crystal Growth of ScBO3:Cr3+ — A New Near-IR Tunable Laser Crystal -- Growth
of Laser-Quality Ti:Al2O3 Crystals by a Seeded Gradient Freeze Technique -- Effects of Growth Conditions and Post-Growth Thermal Treatment on the Quality of Titanium-Doped Sapphire -- Growth of Cerium-Doped Rare Earth Silicates for
Tunable Lasers -- IV Chromium Tunable Lasers -- The Chromium-Doped Rare-Earth Gallium Garnet Crystals as the Active Material for Solid-State Lasers -- Single-mode Operation of Cr-Doped GSGG and KZnF3 -- Flashlamp-pumped Cr3+:GSAG and
Cr3+:GSGG: Slope Efficiency, Resonator Design, Color Centers and Tunability -- Laser Action in Flashlamp-Pumped Chromium: GSG-Garnet -- Cr:YSAG — A Tunable Near-Infrared Laser Material -- A ScBO3:Cr Laser -- Tunable Lasers with
Transition Metal Doped Fluoride Crystals -- Laser-Pumped Laser Measurements of Gain and Loss in SrAlF5:Cr Crystals -- V Alexandrite Lasers -- Alexandrite Laser Amplifiers -- High-Power Injection-Locked Alexandrite Ring Laser -- Low
Magnification Unstable Resonators Using Radially Varying Birefringent Elements -- Injection Locking Broadly Tunable, Q-Switched Alexandrite Lasers Using Semiconductor Laser Diodes -- Panel Discussion on Chromium Tunable Lasers -- VI
Titanium Sapphire Lasers -- Room-Temperature cw Operation of the Ti:Al2O3 Laser -- Continuous Wave Tunable Laser Operation of Ti3+-Doped Sapphire at 300 K. -- Efficient, Tunable Ti:Sapphire Laser -- Amplifier and Line-Narrowed
Oscillator Performance of Ti:Al2O3 -- Oscillator and Amplifier Performance of Ti:Sapphire -- Laser Performance and Temperature-Dependent Spectroscopy of Titanium-Doped Crystals -- Flashlamp-Pumped Titanium-Doped Sapphire Laser --
Optical and Mass Spectroscopic Analyses of Titanium-Doped Sapphire Crystals -- Injection-Controlled Titanium-Doped Sapphire Laser Using a Pulsed Dye Laser -- VII Color Center Lasers -- New Color Center Lasers Based on Molecule-Doped
Alkali Halides -- Stable Color Center Laser in OH-Doped NaC1 Operating in the 1.41–1.81 ?m Region -- Recent Progress in the Development of (F2+)A Color Center Lasers -- Electric Field Modulation of a Colour Centre Laser -- Synthetic
Diamond for Color Center Lasers -- VIII Rare Earth Lasers -- Laser Action of Cr, Nd, Tm, Ho-Doped Garnets -- Diode-Pumped 2 ?m Holmium Laser -- Laser Operation on the Erbium and Holmium Transitions in the Yttrium-Scandium-Gallium
Garnet Crystals -- Operation of the High Dopant Density Er:YAG at 2.94 ?m -- IX Neodymium Lasers -- The YA1O3:Er Laser -- Comparative Performance of Nd-Doped Solid-State Laser Materials -- CW Tunable Laser Emission of
Nd3+:Na0.4Y0.6F2.2 -- Monomode Neodymium-Doped Fibre Laser: Tunable Continuous-Wave Oscillation at 0.9 ?m -- Nonradiative Processes and Blue Emission in Nd:YLF -- X Applications and Nonlinear Optics -- Future Lidar Platforms in Space
-- Preliminary Study of a Tunable Narrow Line Double Pulse Alexandrite Laser for Meteorological DIAL Applications -- Nonlinear Infrared Frequency Conversion in AgGaS2 and AgGaSe2 -- Non-Linear Conversion of 1.3 ?m Nd:YLF Emission --
Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783540474333
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 52
Keywords: Physics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400953437:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astrometric Binaries An International Conference to Commemorate the Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784–1846)
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (220 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5343-7
Contents:Z. Kopal and J. Rahe / Preface -- Z. Kopal / Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel — An Appreciation (Opening Address) -- W. Fricke / Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel — 1784–1846 (Introductory Address) -- I: Stellar Astrometry -- P. L. Bernacca / Project
HIPPARCOS -- J. Domanget / HIPPARCOS Astrometric Binaries -- F. van’t Veer / High-Resolution Problems in Astrometry and Spectroscopy of Binaries and their Significance for the Progress of Stellar Physics -- W. Schlosser / SECAM — A
Seeing-Controlled Camera for High-Resolution Photographs -- S. Söderhjelm / Statistical Models for HIPPARCOS Binaries -- R. Ruffini and Song Doo Jong / De Media Aequinoctiorum Praecessione Atque de Nutatione Stellae SS433 -- M. Soffel,
J. Schastok, H. Ruder, and M. Schneider / Relativistic Astrometry -- II: Astrometric Binaries — Astrometry -- P. van de Kamp / Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784–1846) -- M. G. Fracastoro / Current Work on Binary and Multiple Stars -- L.
W. Fredrick / Modern Methods in the Astronomy of Double Stars -- M. S. Zverev / On the Observation of Double Stars for the Determination of their Proper Motions -- H. Eichhorn / On the Determination of Double Star Orbits -- A. N. Goyal
/ Distribution of Astrometric Binaries in Various Galactic Latitudes -- T. Herczeg / Astrometric Binaries and their Role in Double Star Astronomy -- L. Yan, L. Wan, and S. Gong / Work on Astrometric Binaries in China -- F. B. Wood /
Close Triple Star Systems -- K. D. Rakos / Luminosity Distribution Function for Visual Binary Stars -- J. L. Halbwachs / The Frequency of Binaries with a Degenerate Component -- L. V. Mirzoyan and G. N. Salukvadze / Trapezium-Type
Multiple Systems -- J. L. Halbwachs / A Search for CPM Stars -- III: Astrometric Binaries — Astrophysics -- G. Ishida / The Spectroscopic Study of Astrometric Binaries -- I. Bues and G. Rupprecht / G82-23: A New Subdwarf-White Dwarf
Binary -- W. van Hamme and R. E. Wilson / Accuracy of Close Binary Mass Determinations from Parallaxes -- R. D. Chapman / Epsilon Aurigae -- IV: Heliometric Astrometry -- E. H. Geyer / The Heliometer Principle and Some Modern
Applications -- K. Koziel / Bessel and Librations of the Moon -- M. Moutsoulas / The Heliometer as a Tool for the Measure of the Moon -- Z. Kopal / Concluding Remarks -- List of Participants -- Announcement
ISBN:9789400953437
Series:eBooks
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Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642826320:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Influence of Polymer Additives on Velocity and Temperature Fields Symposium Universität — GH — Essen, Germany, June 26–28, 1984
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (446 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82632-0
Contents:Session I -- * Turbulent drag reduction by. polymer additives: a survey -- Session 2 Extensional Viscosity -- * A review on extensional viscosity -- Flow-induced conformation change in dilute polymer solution — A comparison between
non-ionic polymers and polyelectrolytes -- The nature of flow through porous media -- An experimental study of polymer induced drag for flows through porous medium -- Session 3 Molecular Parameters I -- * Molecular parameters as a
basis of structure-property-relations in the flow of polymer solutions -- Drag reduction of non-ionic surfactant mixtures -- The influence of molecular weight and molecular weight distribution on drag reduction and mechanical
degradation in turbulent flow of highly dilute polymer solutions -- Session 4 Molecular Parameters II -- Influence of molecular parameters on laminar non-Newtonian and on turbulent flows of dilute polymer solutions -- The peculiarities
of the structure of wall turbulence and the mechanism of drag reduction by polymer additives -- # The influence of molecular mass distribution, size and elasticity of macromolecules on friction reduction effect -- Characterization of
dilute Polyacrylamide and polystyrene solutions by means of porous media flow -- The effect of grafted and ungrafted guargum on turbulent flow of water and on hydraulic conductivity of soil -- Session 5 Molecular Parameters III -- *
Some fringe effects of the flow on the macromolecules in dilute polymer and on their non-Newtonian behaviour -- Aging of aqueous polymer solutions -- Model for effects of degradation on polymer drag reduction -- Elastico-viscous
effects in complex flows -- Session 6 Theories I -- Turbulence measurements with viscoelastic flow in an open channel -- A mechanism for polymer drag reduction -- # A turbulence model for drag reduction dilute polymer solutions in
boundary layer on a flat plate -- Session 7 Structures in Turbulence I -- * The structure near the wall in turbulent shear flow -- Statistical measurements in the turbulent flow of dilute drag-reducing polymer solutions in a round tube
-- The vorticity diffusion of ?-vortices in drag reducing solutions -- Session 8 Structures in Turbulence II -- Influence of polymer additives on neutral stability of Görtler vortices -- ° Laser-Doppler measurements of vortex-shedding
past small circular cylinders in dilute polymer solutions -- Influence of polymer additives on turbulence in a mixing layer -- The turbulent mixing of viscoelastic fluids in pipe flow -- Session 9 Theories II -- * A qualitative
understanding of drag reduction by polymers -- Predictions of turbulent drag reduction for a linear viscoelastic fluid -- An engineering approach to modeling complex flow behavior of polymer solutions -- Session 10 Injection
Experiments -- Heterogeneous drag reduction in turbulent pipe flow -- Annular injection of concentrated polymer solutions into the wall region of a turbulent pipe flow -- Turbulence structure of a developing duct flow with near-wall
injection of drag reducing polymers -- Session II -- * Today and future possibilities of industrial applications of drag reduction -- Session 12 Pressure Fields, Cavitation -- Effects of a non-Newtonian fluid on the velocity
distribution and pumping efficiency of peristaltic pumping -- Effect of polymer solutions on tip vortex cavitation -- The influence of non-Newtonian liquids on the cavitation thresholds and on the pressure pulse velocity in two-phase
mixtures -- Session 13 Heat and Mass Transfer -- Nucleate boiling in drag-reducing polymer solutions -- Mass transfer in elongational flows of dilute polymer solutions
ISBN:9783642826320
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Materials science , Physics , Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9789401096393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Thermal Gaseous Nebulae Physical Processes in Gaseous Nebulae
Author(s): Lawrence H Aller
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (350 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-9639-3
Contents:Preface -- 1: Types of Gaseous Nebulae -- Examples of Gaseous Nebulae -- HII Regions or Diffuse Nebulae -- Planetary Nebulae -- Supernova Remnants -- The 30 Doradus Nebular Complex -- Nonspatially Resolvable Objects, Galaxies and
Stars -- Combination Variables and Other Exotic Objects -- A Concise List of References -- List of Illustrations -- 2: Spectra of Gaseous Nebulae -- 2A. The Primary Mechanism -- 2B. Collisionally-Excited Lines -- 2C. Permitted Lines in
the Optical Region -- Some Suggested References -- List of Illustrations -- 3: Radiative Excitation, Ionization, Recombination, and Fluorescence -- 3A. Basic Relationships -- 3B. The Strömgren Sphere -- 3C. Free-Free Emission and
BrehmsStrahlung -- 3D. Ionization Equation for Complex Atoms -- 3E. Dielectronic Recombination -- 3F. Collisional Ionization -- 3G. Charge Exchange -- 3H. Stellar Far Ultraviolet Radiation Fields -- 31. Line Excitation -- Problems --
Selected Bibliography -- List of Illustrations -- 4: Line and Continuous Spectra of Hydrogen and Helium -- 4A. Statistical Equilibrium, the Elementary Theory of the Balmer Decrement -- 4B. Improved Balmer Decrement Theory -- 4C. The
Observed Balmer Decrement -- 4D. The Line and Continuous Spectrum of Hydrogen in the Radio-Frequency Region -- 4E. The Optical Continuum -- 4F. Hydrogen Plasmas at Moderately High Densities and Optical Thicknesses -- Problems --
References -- List of Illustrations -- 5: Collisionally Excited Lines and Plasma Diagnostics -- 5A (i). Collisional Excitation of Hydrogen Lines -- 5A (ii). Collisional Excitation of Lines of Heavier Elements -- 5A (iii). Transition
Probabilities for Magnetic Dipole and Electric Quadrupole Transitions a Quantum Mechanical Digression -- 5B (i). General Principles -- 5B (ii). Comments on Calculation of Collision Strengths -- 5C (i). “Low Density” Domain for p2 and
p4 Configurations -- 5D (i). Collisionally-Excited Lines in the Near-Ultraviolet Region -- 5D (ii). Infrared Transitions -- 5D (iii). Ionic Concentrations for p3 Configurations -- 5E (i). Collisionally-Excited Lines as Tools for Plasma
Diagnostics Electron Temperatures -- 5E (ii). Collisionally-Excited Lines as Tools for Nebular Diagnostics Electron Densities -- 5E (iii). Line Ratios That Depend on Both Temperature and Density -- 5F. Observational Checks on Accuracy
of Theoretical Parameters -- Problems -- References -- List of Illustrations -- 6: Radiative Equilibrium of a Gaseous Nebula -- 6A. The Energy Balance of a Gaseous Nebula -- 6B. Persistence of a Maxwellian Velocity Distribution in a
Photoionized Nebula -- Problem -- References -- List of Illustrations -- 7: Nebular Models -- 7A. Initial Assumptions -- 7B. Computational Procedures -- 7C. Dependence of Models on Input Parameters -- 7D. Some Complicating and
Troublesome Factors for Nebular Model Constructions -- 7E. Time-Dependent Models -- 7F. Resonance Transitions and Transfer Problems -- 7G. Non-Radiative Excitation -- Problems -- References -- List of Illustrations -- 8: Dust and
Related Phenomena in Gaseous Nebulae -- 8A. Extinction Effects Produced by Dust -- 8B. Dust and Infrared Spectra of Gaseous Nebulae -- 8C. Temperature and Energy Balance of the Dust -- 8D. Optical and Near UV Observations of Diffuse
Nebulae -- 8E. Further Properties of Interstellar Dust Grains -- (1) Dust/Gas Ratio -- (2) Depletion of Refractory Elements in the Interstellar Medium -- (3) Linear Polarization -- (4) Variation of the Ratio R = AV/E(B-V) -- (5) Are
the Interstellar Media of Other Galaxies Similar to those of Our Own? -- References -- List of Illustrations -- 9: Shock Waves -- 9A. Introduction -- 9B. The Structure of Shocks -- 9C. Intricacies and Complexities of Some Astrophysical
Shock Phenomena -- 9D. Post-Shock Cooling Processes -- 9E. Radiative Transfer Effects -- 9F. Collisionless and Nonradiative Shocks -- 9G. Theoretical Models for Shock-Excited Nebulae -- 9H. Interpretation of Optical Spectra -- Problem
-- References -- List of Illustrations -- 10: Diffuse Nebulae, Wind-Blown Shells and Planetaries -- 10A. Introduction -- 10B. Some Brief Comments on Molecular Clouds -- 10C. Relations Between H II Regions and Exciting Stars -- 10C1.
Some Basic Considerations -- 10C2. The Orion Nebula -- 10C3. Sharpless 155 and a Nearby Cepheus Association -- 10D. Wind-Driven Shells and the Interstellar Medium -- 10D1. Some Theoretical Considerations -- 10D2. The Gum Nebula --
10D3. 30 Doradus and NGC 604 -- 10E. Planetary Nebulae -- 10E1. The Problem of Distances -- 10E2. Some Statistics of Planetary Nebulae -- 10E3. Structures and Internal Motions of Planetary Nebulae -- 10F. Bipolar Nebulae: Transition
Objects or Young Planetaries -- References -- List of Illustrations -- 11: Chemical Compositions of Gaseous Nebulae -- 11A. Introduction -- 11B. Observational and Theoretical Problems of Composition Determination: Diffuse Nebulae --
11C. Problems of Chemical Composition Determinations: Planetary Nebulae -- 11D. Examples of Abundance Determinations -- 11E. Compositions of Planetary Nebulae -- 11F. Planetary Nebular Compositions and Galactic Structure -- 11G.
Abundance Determinations in H II Regions and Composition Gradients in Galaxies -- 11H. Abundance Gradients in the Disk of Our Galaxy -- References -- List of Illustrations -- 12: Nebular Compositions, Element Building, and Stellar
Evolution -- 12A. Stellar Winds -- 12B. Late Stages of Stellar Evolution for Objects of Low-to-Intermediate Mass -- 12C. Origin of Planetary Nebulae Some Theoretical Insights and Observational Clues -- 12D. Carbon Stars and Their
Relationship to Planetary Nebulae -- 12E. Comparison of Theory and Observations -- 12F. Notes on the Evolution of Very Massive Stars -- 12G. The Role of the Wolf-Rayet Stars -- 12H. Supernovae -- 12I. Principal Sources of Enrichment to
the H II Regions -- 12J. H II Regions and the Chemical Evolution of Galaxies -- References -- List of Illustrations -- Appendix: Compilation of Transition Probabilities, Electron Excitation Rate Coefficients and Photoionization Cross
sections -- 1. Indices -- 2. Methods -- 3. Accuracy -- 4. Transition Probabilities and Excitation Rate Coefficients -- References -- References to Individual Nebulae -- Index of Principal Symbols Used
ISBN:9789401096393
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, A Series of Books on the Recent Developments of Space Science and of General Geophysics and Astrophysics Published in Connection with the Journal Space Science Reviews: 112
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400972315:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supernova Remnants and their X-Ray Emission
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (648 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7231-5
Contents:I. Young Supernova Remnants -- The Mass and Structure of the Remnant of Tycho’s Supernova -- X-Ray Spectra of Young Supernova Remnants -- The High Energy X-Ray Spectra of Supernova Remnants -- Structural Changes in Cas A, Tycho and
Other Young Supernova Remnants -- The Expansion of Cassiopeia A -- Recent Observations of Cassiopeia A -- An X-Ray Halo Around Cassiopeia A -- VLA Observations of SGR A -- The Interaction of Supernova Ejecta with an Ambient Medium --
Very High Resolution Calculations of Very Young Supernova Remnants -- X-Ray Emission from Supernova Remnants in a Cloudy Medium -- Non-Equilibrium Ionization X-Ray Emission from Supernova Remnants -- X-Ray Line Emission from Supernova
Remnants and Models for Nonequilibrium Ionization -- The Effect of SNR Structure on Non-Equilibrium X-Ray Spectra -- The Evolution of Young Supernova Remnants -- Spherization of the Remnants of Asymmetrical SN Explosions in a Uniform
Medium -- X-Ray Study of the Crab Nebula and the Crab and Vela Pulsars -- Presupernova Evolution of 8–12 M? Stars and the Crab Nebula’s Progenitor -- The Crab Nebula’s Jet -- High Oxygen Abundance in a Bright Filament of the Crab
Nebula -- The Peculiar X-Ray Morphology of the SNR G292.0+1.8: Evidence for an Asymmetric Supernova Explosion -- The Kinematics of the SNR G292.0+1.8 -- A Dynamical Study of the Young Oxygen-Rich Supernova Remnant in the Small
Magellanic Cloud -- Radio Supernovae -- Radio and X-Ray Emission from Newly Born Remnants -- Particle Acceleration and Radio Emission of the Supernovae Remnants at Different Stages of their Evolution -- The Evolution of Supernova
Remnants as Radio Sources -- II. Middle Aged and Older Supernova Remnants -- Optical Properties of Supernova Remnants -- High Resolution X-Ray Spectra of Supernova Remnants -- Recent Radio Studies of SNR -- Non-Equilibrium Modelling of
the Structure and Spectra of Shock Waves -- The Structure and Emission of a Non-Radiative Shock -- Near Infrared Spectroscopy of Galactic and Magellanic Clouds Supernova Remnants -- Spectrophotometry of the Optical Emission from RCW103
-- Non-Equilibrium Ionization in Puppis A -- Detailed X-Ray Observations of the Cygnus Loop -- A Theoretical Model of the Cygnus Loop and its X-Ray Emission -- The W28 Supernova and the Surrounding Interstellar Medium -- Einstein
Observations of the SNRs IC443, W44 and W49B -- The X-Ray Structure of the Supernova Remnant G78.2+2.1 -- Radio Observations of Small Diameter Sources in the Direction of Old Supernova Remnants -- High Resolution X-Ray Images of Puppis
a and IC 443 -- Kinematics of Supernova Remnants in the Galaxy and LMC -- III. Center Filled Morphologies -- Supernova Remnants Resembling the Crab Nebula -- X-Ray Observations of Crab-Like Supernova Remnants -- New High Resolution
Radio Observations of 3C10, 3C58 and Part of the Cygnus Loop -- Consequences of a New Distance Determination of 3C58 -- The Radio Morphology and Possible Nature of 3C58 -- CTB80: Cosmic Collision -- IV. Old Supernova Remnants — Heating
of the Interstellar Medium -- Large Scale Features of the Hot Component of the Interstellar Medium -- Spectral Observation of the Soft X-Ray Background and of the North Polar Spur with Solid State Spectrometers -- Possible
Contributions of Supernova Remnants to the Soft X-Ray Diffuse Background (0.1 – 1 keV) -- HI Shells and Supershells -- Radio Synthesis Maps of Large Supernova Remnants -- Radio Continuum Observations of Large Supernova Remnants -- Are
Filaments Cylindrical or Sheet-Like? -- Heating of the Interstellar Medium by Supernova Remnants -- Theoretical Thermal X-Ray Maps of Supernova Remnants in Non-Uniform Media -- The Evolution of Supernova Remnants in a Non-Uniform
Medium: The Fate of an Evolving Ob Association -- V. Compact Objects Associated with Supernova Remnants, Pulsars and Neutron Stars -- StarsSupernova Remnants with Central Pulsars -- Supernova Remnants with Compact X-Ray Sources -- A.
MSH 15-52 -- B. The Crab Nebula -- Observations of G320.4–1.2 and Speculations on Supernova Remnant Morphology -- Precessing Jet Model for the Supernova Remnant G109.1–1.0 -- Comparison of Radio and X-Ray Observations of SNR G109.1–1.0
-- The Pulsation Period and Possible Orbit of 1E2259+586 -- Radio Observations of the Supernova Remnant CTB109 (G109.2–1.0) -- X-Ray Studies of SS433 -- Structure of Extended Radio Emission in W50 and its Relation to SS 433 -- Radio
Interferometer Observations of Compact Sources in Supernova Remnants -- X-Rays from Radio Pulsars: The Portable Supernova Remnants -- On the Association between Pulsars and Supernova Remnants -- A Search for Pulsars Associated with
Supernova Remnants in the Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds -- Strong Waves from Pulsars and Morphologies in SNRs -- Three New Pulsars Near Supernova Remnants -- X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Radiation from the Switched-Off Radiopulsars --
Evolution of Neutron Stars in Young Supernova Remnants -- Neutron Star Cooling: Effects of Envelope Physics -- VI. Supernova Remnants in Other Galaxies -- Chemical Abundances in the Interstellar Medium of Galaxies from
Spectrophotometry of Supernova Remnants -- The X-Ray Properties of Supernova Remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud -- Soft X-Ray Observation of Supernova Remnants in the Small Magellanic Cloud -- Optical Studies of Supernova Remnants
in the Magellanic Clouds -- The Radio Properties of SNRS in the Magellanic Clouds -- Optical Observations of Four Balmer-Dominated Supernova Remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud -- Optical Observations of SNRS and Ring Nebulae in the
LMC -- N49: The Site of a Gamma-Ray Burst. Preliminary Results from X-Ray Observations -- X-Ray, Optical and UV Observations of the Young Supernova Remnant in the Irregular Galaxy NGC 4449 -- Luminous Supernova Remnant Candidates in
M82 and the Physical Properties of the Variable Radio Source 41-9+58 -- The X-Ray Emission of a Clumpy Irregular Galaxy from Thousands of Supernova Remnants? -- A Catalogue of Galactic Supernova Remnants -- Object Index
ISBN:9789400972315
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale, Symposium No. 101 Held in Venice, Italy, 30 August – 2 September, 1982 : 101
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400968844:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydraulic fracturing and geothermal energy Proceedings of the First Japan-United States Joint Seminar on Hydraulic Fracturing and Geothermal Energy, Tokyo, Japan, November 2–5, 1982, and Symposium on Fracture Mechanics Approach to Hydraulic Fracturing and Geothermal Energy, Sendai, Japan No vember 8–9, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (528 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-6884-4
Contents:First Japan-United States Joint Seminar on Hydraulic Fracturing and Geothermal Energy, Tokyo, Japan, November 2–5, 1982 -- Special Presentations -- Geothermal Energy Development in Japan (General Lecture) -- Thermally Induced Cracks
and Heat Extraction from Hot Dry Rocks (General Lecture) -- Hot Dry Rock Reservoir Development and Testing in the USA -- The Falkenberg Geothermal Frac-Project: Concepts and Experimental Results -- Shallow Depth Experimentation on the
Concept of Energy Extraction from Deep Hot Dry Rocks -- Topic 1: Subsurface Structure and Hydraulic Fracturing -- Hydraulic Fracturing Experiment at Nigorikawa and Fracture Mechanics Evaluation -- Breakdown Pressure Prediction in
Hydraulic Fracturing at the Nigorikawa Geothermal Field -- The Influence of Subsurface Conditions on Hydraulically Induced Fractures in Deep Rocks -- Evaluation of Artificial Fracture Volume Based on Vented Water at Yakedake Field --
Propagation of Hydraulic Fracture and Its Conductivity in Layered Media -- Hydraulic Fracturing in Geological Processes: A Review -- Topic 2: Rock Mass Properties in the Presence of Pressurized Fluid at Elevated Temperatures -- A
Method of Estimating Underground Temperature from a Solution of Iterative Least-Squares Interpretation of Schlumberger’s Resistivity Sounding Curves in Geothermal Fields -- Measurements of In-situ Stress, Fracture Distribution,
Permeability, and Sonic Velocity -- Measurement of Tectonic Stress by Hydraulic Fracturing in Japan -- Rock Mass Behavior Coupled with Pressurized Water Flowing Through the Fracture -- An Assessment of the Factors Affecting Hydraulic
Fracture Containment in Layered Rock: Observations from a Mineback Experiment -- Theory and Application of Hydraulic Fracturing Technology -- Fracture Toughness Evaluation of Rocks in the Presence of Pressurized Water at Elevated
Temperature -- Topic 3: Mapping of Subsurface Fractures -- Application of Seismic Inverse Methods to Mapping of Subsurface Fractures -- Detection of the Newly Formed Fracture Zone by the Seismological Method -- Strike-Dip Determination
of Fractures in Drillcores from the Otake-Hatchobaru Geothermal Field -- Hydraulic Fracturing and Fracture Mapping at Yakedake Field -- In-situ AE Measurement of Hydraulic Fracturing at Geothermal Fields -- Topic 4: Simulation of
Geothermal Reservoirs -- Experimental Studies on Heat Extraction from Fractured Geothermal Reservoirs -- Simulation of Transient Pressure Behavior in a Fractured Geothermal Reservoir -- Influence of Preexisting Discontinuities on the
Hydraulic Fracturing Propagation Process -- Geothermal Reservoir Simulation for Water Dominant Fractured Reservoir -- Crack-Like Reservoir in Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous HDR -- Symposium on Fracture Mechanics Approach to Hydraulic
Fracturing and Geothermal Energy, Sendai, Japan, November 8–9, 1982 -- Applications of Rock Fracture Mechanics -- A Reservoir Created by Injection of Fluid on a Fault for the Extraction of Geothermal Heat -- Application of Laboratory
Fracture Mechanics Data to Hydraulic Fracturing Field Tests -- Finite Element Treatment of Singularities for Thermally Induced Crack Growth in HDR -- Growth of Microcracks in Rocks, and Load-Induced Anisotropy
ISBN:9789400968844
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mechanics of elastic and inelastic solids: 5
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642954344:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles of Energetics Based on Applications de la thermodynamique du non-équilibre by P. Chartier, M. Gross, and K. S. Spiegler
Author(s): K. S Spiegler
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (170 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-95434-4
Contents:I. Fundamental Concepts -- A. Introduction -- B. Definitions -- C. Postulates -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- II. Exergy -- A. Introduction -- B. Exergy of a Closed System -- C. Exergy Accounting in Flow Systems -- D.
Relationship Between Exergy Disappearance and Entropy Creation -- E. Exergetic and Thermoeconomic Analyses -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- III. Generalized Forces -- A. Introduction -- B. Choice of Driving Forces -- C. Comparison
of Generalized with Conventional Driving Forces -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- IV. Isothermal Flow Coupling -- A. Introduction -- B. Mass Transfer in Ionic Membranes -- C. inear Phenomenological Relations Between Fluxes and
Generalized Driving Forces -- D. Electrokinetic Flow Equations -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- V. Conductance Coefficients and Reciprocity Relations -- A. Laws About the Magnitude of Conductance Coefficients -- B. Proofs of the
Laws -- C. Degree of Coupling -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- VI. General Energetics of Chemical Reactions -- A. Introduction -- B. Generalized Forces and “Flows” of Chemical Reactions -- C. Coupled Chemical Reactions -- Problems
-- Selected Literature -- VII. Interdiffusion of Gases in Porous Media -- A. Introduction -- B. Friction Model -- C. Diffusion Under Knudsen Conditions -- D. Interdiffusion at Uniform Pressure -- E. Summary -- Selected Literature --
VIII. Molecular Filtration Through Membranes -- A. Introduction -- B. Review of Osmotic-Pressure Equations -- C. Flow Equations -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- IX. Coupled Heat and Mass Flow -- A. Introduction -- B. Adiabatic Gas
Flow Through Porous Media -- C. Flux Equations -- D. Heat of Transfer of Ideal Gases (Gas-Kinetic Interpretation) -- E. Summary -- Problem -- Selected Literature -- X. Thermoelectric Phenomena -- A. Introduction -- B. Qualitative
Discussion of the Coupling Effects -- C. Flow Equations and Relations Between Thermoelectric Phenomena -- Problems -- Selected Literature -- List of Symbols -- Appendix I. Carnot’s Engine -- Appendix II. Dependence of Chemical
Potential on Concentration -- Appendix III. Answers to Problems
ISBN:9783642954344
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Biochemistry , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9789400978959:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical Methods in Geomechanics Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, held at Vimeiro, August 24 – September 4, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (589 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7895-9
Contents:I - Fundamentals -- 1 Field Equations -- 2 Basic Formulation of Static and Dynamic Behaviour of Soil and Other Porous Media -- 3 Generalized Plasticity and Some Models for Geomechanics -- 4 Constitutive Equations for Soil Media -- 5
Constitutive Modeling and Soil-Structure Interaction -- 6 Rock Mass Behaviour and Its Mathematical Modelling -- II - Finite Elements Techniques -- 1 Numerical Analysis of Shallow Foundations -- 2 Numerical Analysis of Deep Foundations
-- 3 Finite Element Analysis of Coupled Deformation and Fluid Flow in Porous Media -- 4 Finite Elements and Slope Stability -- III - Mathematical Programming Methods -- 1 Plastic Analysis in Geomechanics by Mathematical Programming --
2 Optimization Methods for Parametric Identification of Geotechnical Systems -- 3 Embankments and Slopes by Mathematical Programming -- IV - Boundary Element Techniques -- 1 Fundamentals of Boundary Elements -- 2 Boundary Elements in
Groundwater Flow Problems -- 3 Boundary Element Formulation to Solve No-Tension Problems in Geomechanics -- 4 Elastoplastic Analysis Using Boundary Elements -- V - Seismic Problems -- 1 Seismic Site and Soil-Structure Interaction
Analysis -- 2 Liquefaction of Sandy Soils -- VI - Statistical Methods -- Statistical and Probabilistic Methods in Geomechanics -- Apendices -- Lecture -- - Liquefaction of Soils During Earthquakes -- Research Presentations in Panels --
1 Dynamic, Cyclic and Transient Aspects in Soil Engineering -- 2 Buried Structures-Surrounding Soil Interaction -- 3 Bearing Capacity and Shape Factors for Shallow Foundations -- 4 Coefficient of Potential Rupture for Earth Structures
-- Name Index
ISBN:9789400978959
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C - Mathematical and Physical Sciences Proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute Programme, which aims at the dissemination of advanced knowledge and the formation of contacts among scientists from different countries: 92
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geotechnical engineering , Earth Sciences , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9781461333715:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polymeric Separation Media
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (276p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3371-5
Contents:I Transport in Polymeric Media -- Some Condiserations Regarding the Hyperfilteration of Organic Liquids -- Measurement of Transport Interaction in Membranes -- Free Volume Estimates in Crystalline and Filled Polymers -- Diffusion
Coefficients of Polystyrenes in Porous Gels From Mass Transfer Dispersion in Gel Permeation Chromatography -- Mechanism of Gas Permeation Through Porous Polymeric Membrane -- Composite Hollow Fiber Membranes for Gas Separation: The
Resistance Model Approach -- II Functionalized Polymers as Separation Media -- Purification of Enzymes by Affinity Chromatography -- Hydrophobic and Other Non-Ionic Parameters in Protein Separation and Adsorptive Immobilization by
Substituted Agaroses -- Use of Synthetic Chemical Ligands for Affinity Chromatography of Proteins -- Separation of Amines and Acids by Sterically Hindered Polymers -- Polymeric Separation Media. New Functionalized Polymers for the
Selective Removal of Haptens from Complex Organic Mixtures -- Comparative Performance of Microparticulate Packings for Aqueous Steric Exclusion Chromatography -- III Polymeric Membranes as Separation Media -- Effluent Free Electrolytic
Regeneration of Ion Exchange Resins -- An Ultrafiltration Device for Free/Bound Drug Analysis -- Microporous Membranes and Crossflow Filtration of Macromolecules and Particles -- Purification of Polymeric Dyes by Ultrafiltration --
Physico-Chemical Characterization of Enzyme — Loaded Cellulose Acetate Membranes -- IV Novel Polymeric Separation Media: Structure and Properties -- Novel Water Treatment Processes Which Involve Polymers -- Synthesis and Thermal
Regeneration of Polymeric Crown Ethers -- Ion-Selective Polymeric-Membrane Electrodes with Immobilized Ion-Exchange Sites -- Characterization of Polyacrylamide Gels by Dynamic Light Scattering Under the Microscope -- Thermal
Crosslinking of a Chemically-Modified Ionomer -- Characterization of Ionically Crosslinked Polyacrylic Acid Membranes -- List of Contributors
ISBN:9781461333715
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Polymer Science and Technology : 16
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642811203:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Theories of Materials
Author(s): Aldo Bressan
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (290 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81120-3
Contents:1. Introduction -- § 1. On the Beginning of Relativity -- § 2. The Space-Time Structure of Special Relativity and First Basic Consequences -- § 3. On the Operational Aspect of Physical Concepts -- § 4. New Ideas on Mass and Energy, in
Contrast with Classical Physics, Accepted on the Basis of Special Relativity Kinematics -- § 5. On Forces, Cauchy Equations of Continuous Media, and the First Principle of Thermodynamics in Special Relativity -- § 6. On
Electromagnetism, Heat Conduction, and Constitutive Equations in Special Relativity -- § 7. Gravitation and Relativity -- § 8. On the Local Equivalence Principle and the Basic Local Laws of the Electromagnetic Field and Continuous
Media, Other than the Poisson Equation, in General Relativity. A Criterion Connecting those Laws with Their Analogues in Classical Physics or Special Relativity -- § 9. On the Invariance of Physical Equations and on the Possible
Physical Equivalence of the Frames in which these Equations have the Same Form. On a Privileged Absolute Concept of Event Point -- § 10. On Harmonic Coordinates and the Existence of General Frames not Physically Equivalent in General
Relativity -- § 11. Some Distinctive Properties of General Relativity. On the Equivalence of General Frames in General Relativity -- § 12. What We Mean by General Theory of Relativity -- § 13. On the Development of General Relativity.
Inclusion of Elasticity, Electromagnitostriction, Couple Stresses, and Hereditary Phenomena -- § 14. Scope and Plan of the Present Tract -- Footnotes to Chapter 1 -- I. Basic Equations of Gravitation, Thermodynamics and
Electromagnetism, and Constitutive Equations from the Eulerian Point of View -- 2. Space-Time Kinematics Including Masses -- 3. Gravitation and Conservation Equations. Fluids and Elastic Waves -- 4. Electromagnetism from the Eulerian
Point of View. Polarizable Fluids -- 5. On Media Capable of Electromagnetic Phenomena from the Eulerian Point of View. Magneto-Elastic Waves in Ideal Conductors -- II. Materials from the Lagrangian Point of View -- 6. Kinematics and
Stresses from the Lagrangian Point of View -- 7. Elasticity, Acceleration Waves, and Variational Principles for Simple Materials -- 8. Piezo-Elasticity and Magnetoelastic Waves from the Lagrangian Point of View -- 9. Materials with
Memory and Axiomatic Foundations -- 10. Couple Stresses and More General Stresses -- Appendix A. Double Tensors -- §A1. Definition of Double Tensors Related to Two Topological Spaces -- §A2. Partial Covariant Derivative and Total
Covariant Derivative Based on a Mapping -- §A3. On Differentiation of Double Tensors, Functions of Double Tensors -- Case of Arguments Fulfilling Typical Regular Conditions -- Appendix C. On the Divergence of Spatial Vectors in
Space-Time -- References
ISBN:9783642811203
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Tracts in Natural Philosophy: 29
Keywords: Philosophy , Philosophy of nature , Physics , Philosophy , Philosophy of Nature , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9783642809194:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Problems in Stellar Atmospheres and Envelopes
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (378 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-80919-4
Contents:The Energy Flux of the Sun A Critical Discussion of Standard Values for the Solar Irradiance -- 1. Introduction -- 2. High Altitude Experiments -- 3. Discussion of the Results -- 4. Results of Measurements in the Far Ultraviolet --
References -- Model Stellar Atmospheres and Heavy Element Abundances -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Temperature Stratification -- 3. The Gas and Electron Pressures -- 4. The Energy Distribution in the Continuum -- 5. The Line Absorption
-- 6. The UBV Colors -- 7. The Temperature Calibrations -- 8. The Bolometric Correction -- 9. Convection and Metal Abundances -- References -- Properties and Problems of Helium Stars -- 1. Introduction -- 2. General Properties -- 3.
Spectrum -- 4. Atmospheric Structure -- 5. Individual Obj ects -- 6. Abundances -- 7. Evolution of Model Helium Stars and the (g, Teff) -Diagram -- 8. Empirical (g, Teff) -Diagram -- 9. Variability and Atmospheric Motions -- 10.
Conclusion -- References -- Abundance Anomalies in Early-Type Stars -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Problems Related to the Determination of Abundance Anomalies -- 3. The Population I Peculiar B Stars -- 4. The CNO Stars -- 5. The Population
II B Stars -- 6. On the Origin of the Ap Phenomenon -- References -- A-Type Horizontal-Branch Stars -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Characteristics of A-Type Atmospheres -- 3. Observational Quantities -- 4. Field Horizontal-Branch Stars -- 5.
Horizontal-Branch Stars in Globular Clusters -- 6. Chemical Composition and Mass-Luminosity Relation -- References -- White Dwarfs: Composition, Mass Budget and Galactic Evolution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Atmospheres of White
Dwarfs -- 3. Composition of Interiors and Envelopes. White-Dwarf Formation -- 4. Interpretation of Atmospheric Composition Differences DA vs. Non-DA Stars -- 5. White Dwarfs: Mass Budget and Galactic Evolution -- References --
Herbig-Haro Objects and T Tauri Nebulae -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observation of Herbig-Haro Obj ects -- 3. Theory and Theoretical Deductions from the Observations -- 4. The T Tauri Emission Nebula -- References -- Circumstellar
Envelopes and Mass Loss of Red Giant Stars -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Circumstellar Absorption Lines -- 3. Dust and Molecules in the Circumstellar Envelopes of Red Giants -- 4. The Dependence of Mass Loss on Basic Stellar Parameters --
5. Consequences for Stellar Evolution -- References -- Cosmic Masers -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observational Characteristics -- 3. Radiative Transfer -- 4. Polarization -- 5. Pumping Mechanisms -- 6. Models -- 7. Discussion and
Conclusion -- References -- Radio Emission from Stellar and Circumstellar Atmospheres -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Stellar Chromospheres and Coronas -- 3. Solar-Type Activity on Stars -- 4. Flare Stars: UV Cet et al -- 5. Radio Emission
from Close Binaries -- 6. Radio Emission from Objects with Circumstellar Envelopes -- 7. X-Ray Stars as Radio Emitters -- 8. The Remaining Stellar Observations -- References -- Line Formation in Turbulent Media -- 1. Introduction -- 2.
General Structure of the Problem -- 3. Line Formation in Discontinuous Velocity Fields -- 4. Line Formation in Media with Continuous Velocity Fields -- 5. Solution of the Generalized Transfer Equation -- 6. An Approach to NLTE Line
Formation in Turbulent Media -- 7. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Index of Astronomical Objects
ISBN:9783642809194
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:Q225.H39::2006 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A scientist's guide to talking with the media : practical advice from the Union of Concerned Scientists
Author(s): Richard Hayes 1968-
Daniel Grossman
Date:2006
Publisher:Rutgers University Press
ISBN:0813538572
Keywords: Science in mass media , Science news , Communication in science , Science Public opinion
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Call number:QC631.B73::2004 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern problems in classical electrodynamics
Author(s): Charles A. Brau
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Contents:0.1. Introduction 0.2. Electrostatics 0.2.1. Charges 0.2.2. Forces and Electric Fields 0.3. Magnetostatics 0.3.1. Currents 0.3.2. Forces and Fields 0.3.3. Vector Potential 0.4. Electrodynamics 0.4.1. Conservation of Charge 0.4.2. Faraday's Law 0.4.3. Energy in the Magnetic Field 0.5. The Maxwell Equations and Electromagnetic Waves 0.5.1. The Maxwell--Ampere Law 0.5.2. Electromagnetic Waves 0.5.3. Potentials and Gauges 0.6. Conservation Laws 0.6.1. Poynting's Theorem 0.6.2. Conservation of Momentum
1. Relativistic Kinematics 1.1. The Principles of Special Relativity 1.1.1. Historical Overview 1.1.2. Einstein's Postulate 1.1.3. Intervals 1.1.4. Proper Time 1.2. The Lorentz Transformation 1.2.1. Rotation in 4-Spave 1.2.2. Time Dilation and Length Contraction 1.2.3. Velocity Transformation 1.3. 4-Vectors and 4-Tensors 1.3.1. Cartesian Tensors 1.3.2. Relativistic Metric and Lorentz Transformation 1.3.3. 4-Vector Calculus 1.4. Electromagnetic Fields 1.4.1. The 4-Tensor Electromagnetic Field 1.4.2. Transformation of Electromagnetic Fields
2. Relativistic Mechanics and Field Theory 2.1. Relativistic Free Particle 2.1.1. Hamilton's Principle and the Calculus of Variations 2.1.2. Langrangian for a Free Particle 2.1.3. Energy and Momentum 2.1.4. de Broglie Waves 2.1.5. Rotational Invariance and Angular Momentum 2.2. Charged Particle in a Vector Potential 2.2.1. Langrangian Mechanics 2.2.2. Canonical Momentum 2.2.3. Canonical Equations of Motion 2.3. The Maxwell Equations 2.3.1. Equations of Motion of a Vector Field 2.3.2. Proca Mass Term 2.4. Invariance and Conservation Laws 2.4.1. Gauge Transformations 2.4.2. Symmetric Stress Tensor for the Electromagnetic Field
3. Time-Independent Electromagnetic Fields 3.1. Electrostatics 3.1.1. Coulomb's Law 3.1.2. Energy in Electrostatic Fields 3.1.3. Multipole Moments 3.2. Boundary-Value Problems with Conductors 3.2.1. Boundary Conditions and Uniqueness Theorems 3.2.2. Energy and Capacitance 3.2.3. Method of Images 3.2.4. Separation of Variables 3.2.5. Spheroidal Coordinates 3.2.6. Spherical Harmonics 3.2.7. Variational Methods 3.2.8. Numerical Methods 3.2.9. Green Functions 3.3. Magnetostatics 3.3.1. Biot-Savart Law 3.3.2. Forces and Energy 3.3.3. Multipole Moments 3.3.4. Magnetic Scalar Potential
4. Electromagnetic Waves 4.1. Plane Waves 4.1.1. Electric and Magnetic Fields in Plane Waves 4.1.2. Charged Particle in a Plane Wave 4.2. Canonical Equations of an Electromagnetic Field 4.2.1. Fourier Decomposition of the Field 4.2.2. Spontaneous Emission by a Harmonic Oscillator 4.2.3. Canonical Equations of the Electromagnetic Field 4.2.4. Blackbody Radiation and the Einstein Coefficients 4.3. Waves in Plasmas 4.3.1. Transverse Electromagnetic Waves 4.3.2. Longitudinal Electrostatic Waves
5. Fourier Techniques and Virtual Quanta 5.1. Fourier Transformation 5.1.1. Fourier's Theorem 5.1.2. Asymptotic Behavior of Fourier Transforms 5.1.3. -Functions 5.1.4. Autocorrelation Functions and the Wiener-Khintchine Theorem 5.1.5. Pulse Compression 5.2. Method of Virtual Quanta 5.2.1. Fourier Decomposition of the Field of a Relativistic Charge 5.2.2. Bremsstrahlung 5.2.3. Excitation by a Fast Charged Particle 5.2.4. Transition Radiation
6. Macroscopic Materials 6.1. Polarization and Magnetization 6.1.1. The Macroscopic Form of the Maxwell Equations 6.1.2. The Constitutive Relations 6.1.3. Boundary Conditions 6.1.4. Magnetic Scalar Potentia 6.1.5. Conservation of Energy, and Poynting's Theorem 6.2. Properties of Dielectric and Magnetic Materials 6.2.1. Dielectric Materials 6.2.2. Magnetic Materials
7. Linear, Dispersive Media 7.1. Linear Media 7.1.1. Waves in a Nondispersive Medium 7.1.2. Constitutive Relations in Dispersive Media 7.1.3. Kramers-Kronig Relations 7.1.4. Plane Waves in Dispersive Media 7.1.5. Phase Velocity and Group Velocity 7.1.6. Conservation of Energy in Dispersive Media 7.1.7. Lorentz-Drude Model 7.2. Reflection and Refraction at Surfaces 7.2.1. Boundary Conditions 7.2.2. Dielectric Reflection 7.2.3. Metallic Reflection 7.2.4. Surface Waves 7.3. Energy Loss by Fast Particles Traveling Through Matter 7.3.1. Ionization and Excitation 7.3.2. Relativistic Limit and the Density Effect
8. Nonlinear Optics 8.1. Nonlinear Susceptibility 8.1.1. Nonlinear Polarization 8.1.2. Anisotropic Materials 8.2. Multiphoton Processes 8.2.1. Coupled-Wave Equation 8.2.2. Second-Harmonic Generation 8.2.3. Sum-Frequency Generation 8.3. Nonlinear Index of Refraction 8.3.1. Third-Order Susceptibility 8.3.2. Wave Equation with a Nonlinear Index of Refraction 8.3.3. Phase-Conjugate Reflection 8.4. Raman Processes 8.4.1. Raman Scattering 8.4.2. Coherent Raman Amplification
9. Diffraction 9.1. Geometrical Optics 9.1.1. Eikonal Approximation 9.1.2. Rays in Geometrical Optics 9.1.3. Integral Theorems 9.2. Gaussian Optics and Laser Resonators 9.2.1. Paraxial Approximation 9.2.2. Laser Resonators and Mode Spacing 9.2.3. Transverse Modes and Resonator Stability 9.3. Diffraction 9.3.1. Scalar Diffraction Theory 9.3.2. Fraunhofer Diffraction (Far Field) 9.3.3. Fresnel Diffraction (Near Field)
10. Radiation by Relativistic Particles 10.1. Angular and Spectral Distribution of Radiation 10.1.1. Fourier Decomposition of the Fields 10.1.2. Retarded Fields and Lienard-Wiechert Fields 10.1.3. Multipole Radiation 10.1.4. Spectral Distribution of Radiation from a Point Charge 10.1.5. Angular Distribution of Radiation from a Point Charge 10.1.6. Total Power Radiated by a Point Charge 10.2. Bremsstrahlung and Transition Radiation 10.2.1. Bremsstrahlung 10.2.2. Transition Raidiation 10.3. Thomson Scattering 10.3.1. Linear Thomson Scattering 10.3.2. Nonlinear Thomson Scattering 10.4. Synchrotron Radiation and Undulator Radiation 10.4.1. Synchrotron Radiation 10.4.2. Undulator Radiation 10.5. Coherent Emission from Multiple Particles 10.5.1. Coherence and Form Factor 10.5.2. Coherent Radiative Processes 10.6. Radiation from Relativistic Particles Traveling Through Matter 10.6.1. Angular Spectral Fluence 10.6.2. Cherenkov Radiation
11. Fundamental Particles in Classical Electrodynamics 11.1. Electromagnetic Mass and the Radiation Reaction 11.1.1. Difficulties in the Classical Theory 11.1.2. The 4/3 Problem and Poincare Stresses 11.1.3. Point Particles and the Radiation Reaction 11.1.4. Extended Particles 11.2. Magnetic Monopoles 11.2.1. The Maxwell Equations 11.2.2. Magnetic Monopoles and Charge Quantization 11.3. Spin 11.3.1. Relativistic Equations of Motion 11.3.2. Thomas Precession and Spin-Orbit Coupling
Appendix: Units and Dimensions A.1. Arbitrariness A.2. SI Units A.3. Gaussian Units A.4. Conversion of Formulas Between SI and Gaussian Units
ISBN:0195146654
Keywords: Electrodynamics
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Cover Image This book is only available through interlibrary loan. (email library@fnal.gov if you would like this title added to the Library collection.)
Call number:P90.V53::2002 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The media of mass communication
Author(s): John Vivian
Date:2002
Edition:6th ed.
Publisher:Allyn and Bacon, Boston
Size:510
ISBN:0205335403
Keywords: Mass media.
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Call number:PN4783.A83::2013 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The associated press stylebook: and briefing on media law, 2013
Author(s): Associated Press
Date:2013
Edition:
Publisher:New York : Basic Books
Size:482 p
Contents:Foreword -- What's new -- Quick reference guide -- Stylebook key -- Stylebook -- Guide to punctuation -- Statement of news values -- Briefing on media law -- Social media guidelines -- Sports guidelines and style -- Food guidelines -- Fashion guidel ines -- Business guidelines -- Broadcast guidelines -- Photo captions -- Interactive/Graphics-- Editing marks -- Bibliography -- About the AP.
ISBN:9780465082995
Keywords: Journalism Style manuals. , Mass media Law and legislation. , Journalism .v Handbooks, manuals, etc. , Press law.
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