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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD MATERIALS SCIENCE,GENERAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/12864.116 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword materials science,general ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319484112:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Active Plasmonic Devices Based on Magnetoplasmonic Nanostructures
Author(s): Diana Martín Becerra
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 113 p. 55 illus., 4 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Motivation and Objectives -- Active Plasmonics and Magnetoplasmonics -- Magnetoplasmonic Interferometry -- Magnetic Modulation of SPP in Au/Co/Au Trilayers -- Sensing Capability of the Interferometers -- Near Field Magnetoplasmonic
Interferometry -- General Conclusions
ISBN:9783319484112
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Nanotechnology , Materials , Physics , Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Nanotechnology , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:9783319480817:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reviews in Plasmonics 2016
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 240 p. 109 illus., 92 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Preface -- Plasmonic Nanowire Waveguide for Deep Subwavelength Confinement, Huizhong Xu -- Plasmon-enhanced fluorescence of rare earth nanocrystals, Ya-Fang Zhang et al -- Sensing through Surface Plasmon Resonance Technique, R. K.
Gupta -- Fractal Plasmonic Nanoantennae, Ravi Sadananda Hegde -- Compact Slow-light Enhanced Plasmonic Waveguide Refractive Index Sensors, Yin Huang, Changjun Min, and Georgios Veronis -- Fabrication, Properties and Applications of
Plasmene Nanosheet, Qianqian Shi, Dashen Dong, Kae Jye Si and Wenlong Cheng -- Experimental observation of melting of the effective Minkowski spacetime in cobalt-based ferrofluids, Igor I. Smolyaninov, Vera N. Smolyaninova -- Surface
plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensors utilizing zinc oxide thin films and nanostructures, Banshi D. Gupta and Rana Tabassum -- Frontiers of Light Dynamics in Photonic Crystals, K. Senthilnathan -- LSPR Biosensing: Recent Advances
and Approaches, Pranveer Singh -- Index
ISBN:9783319480817
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Medicine , Spectroscopy , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Nanotechnology , Metals , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Nanotechnology , Spectroscopy/Spectrometry , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Metallic Materials
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Call number:9783319448879:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Key Competences in Physics Teaching and Learning Selected Contributions from the International Conference GIREP EPEC 2015, Wrocław Poland, 6–10 July 2015
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 230 p. 81 illus., 58 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Part I: Towards Shaping Key Competences -- Role of Key Competences in Physics Teaching and Learning -- Competence and Understanding: A Personal perspective -- Analysing the Competency of Mathematical Modelling in Physics --
Introduction of Current Scientific Results to Education: Experiences from the Case of Liquid Crystals -- The Influence of Epistemic Views about the Relationship between Physics and Mathematics in Understanding Physics Concepts and
Problem Solving -- Part II: Educational research and development -- Analysing the Conceptions on Modelling of Engineering Undergraduate Students: A Case Study Using Cluster Analysis -- Classroom Evidence of Teachers' PCK of the
Interplay of Physics and Mathematics -- Development of Research Based Teaching Materials: The Learning Output of a Course for Geometrical Optics for Lower Secondary Students
ISBN:9783319448879
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematics , Science education , Teaching , Physics , Physics, general , Science Education , Teaching and Teacher Education , Mathematics Education
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Call number:111802947X:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supplemental Proceedings Volume 3: General Paper Selections
Author(s): TMS
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley-TMS
Size:1 online resource (949 p.)
ISBN:9781118029473
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Materials Science
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Call number:T10.7.U85::2012 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Using the engineering literature
Author(s): Bonnie A. Osif (ed.)
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:CRC Press
Size:580 p
Contents:Introduction -- General engineering resources -- Minorities in engineering -- Aeronautical and aerospace engineering -- Agricultural and food engineering -- Architectureal engineering -- Bioengineering -- Chemical engineering -- Civil engineering -- Computer engineering -- Electrical and elctronics engineering -- Engineering education -- Environmental engineering -- History of engineering -- Industrial engineering -- Materials science and and engineering -- Mechanical engineering -- Mining engineerin g -- Nuclear engineering -- Petroleum engineering and refining -- Transportation engineering
ISBN:9781439850022
Keywords: Engineering , Technical literature
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Location: STAFF REFERENCE

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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319246062:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reviews in Plasmonics 2015
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (175 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24606-2
Contents:Preface.- Surface Plasmon Polariton Assisted Optical Switching in Noble Metal Nanoparticle Systems: A Sub-Band Gap Approach, Sandip Dhara.- Modeling and interpretation of hybridization in coupled plasmonic systems, Saïd Bakhti et al.-
Radiolytically synthesized noble metal nanoparticles: Sensor applications, Nilanjal Misra et al.- Construction, Modeling, and Analysis of Transformation-Based Metamaterial Invisibility Cloaks, Branislav M. Notaroš et al.- Interaction
of Surface Plasmon Polaritons with Nanomaterials, Gagan Kumar and Prashant K Sarswat.- Ultrafast Response of Plasmonic Nanostructures, Sunil Kumar and A. K. Sood.- Graphene-based ultra-broadband slow-light system and plamonic
whispering-gallery-mode nanoresonators, Weibin Qiu.- Fano resonance in plasmonic optical antennas, Siamak Dawazdah emami et al.- Elongated nanostructured solar cells with a plasmonic core, Marcel Di Vece.- Controlled Assembly of
Plasmonic Nanostructures Templated by Porous Anodic Alumina Membranes, Xingce Fan, Qi Hao and Teng Qiu.- Origin of Shifts in the Surface Plasmon Resonance Frequencies for Au and Ag Nanoparticles, Sandip Dhara.- Quantum Plasmonics: From
Quantum Statistics to Quantum Interferences, Giuliana Di Martino.- Lasers and Plasmonics: SPR measurements of metal thin films, clusters and bio-layers, Saif Ur Rehman, Muhammad Saleem, and Ahmad Shuaib.- Plasmon assisted luminescence
in rare earth doped glasses, M. Reza Dousti, Raja J. Amjad -- Surface enhanced fluorescence by plasmonic nanostructures, Jun Dong , Hairong Zheng, Zhenglong Zhang, Wei Gao, Jihong Liu, Enjie He -- Remote spectroscopy below the
diffraction limit, James A. Hutchison, Hiroshi Uji-i.- Index
ISBN:9783319246062
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Reviews in Plasmonics : 2015
Keywords: Medicine , Spectroscopy , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Nanotechnology , Metals , Biomedicine , Biomedicine general , Nanotechnology , Spectroscopy/Spectrometry , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Metallic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493908080:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization in Science and Engineering [electronic resource] : In Honor of the 60th Birthday of Panos M. Pardalos
Author(s): Themistocles M Rassias
Christodoulos A Floudas
Sergiy Butenko
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Optimization in Science and Engineering is dedicated in honor of the 60th birthday of Distinguished Professor Panos M. Pardalos. Pardaloss past and ongoing work has made a significant impact on several theoretical and appliedareas in modern optimizat ion. As tribute to the diversity of Dr. Pardaloss work in Optimization, this book comprises a collection of contributions from experts in various fields of this rich and diverse area of science. Topicshighlight recent developments and include: Determinist ic global optimization Variational inequalities and equilibrium problems Approximation and complexity in numerical optimization Non-smooth optimization Statistical models and datamining Applications of optimization in medicine, energy systems, and complex network analysis This volume will be of great interest to graduate students, researchers, and practitioners, in the fields of optimization and engineering
Contents:Piecewise Linear Classifiers Based on Nonsmooth Optimization Approaches
Variational Inequality Models Arising in the Study of Viscoelastic Materials
Neighboring Local Optimal Solutions and Its Applications
General Traffic Equilibrium Problem with Uncertainty and Random Variational Inequalities
Computational Complexities of Optimization Problems Related to Model Based Clustering of Networks
On Distributed
Lag Modeling Algorithms by r
Convexity and Piecewise Monotonicity
Poincar
Type Inequalities for Greens Operator on Harmonic Forms
The Robustness Concern in Preference
ISBN:9781493908080
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Software engineering , Computer science , Computer aided design , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461478911:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring Science Through Science Fiction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Barry B Luokkala
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:How does Einsteins description of space and time compare with Dr. Who? Can James Bond really escape from an armor-plated railroad car by cutting through the floor with a laser concealed in a wristwatch? What would it take tocreate a fully-intelligent android, such as Star Treks Commander Data? How might we discover intelligent civilizations on other planets in the galaxy? Is human teleportation possible? Will our technological society ever reach thepoint at which it becomes lawful to discriminate on the basis of genetic information, as in the movie GATTACA? Exploring Science Through Science Fiction addresses these and other interesting questions, using science fiction as aspringboard for discussing fundamental science concepts and cutting-edge scienc e research. The book is designed as a primary text for a college-level course which should appeal to students in the fine arts and humanities as well as toscience and engineering students. It includes references to original research papers, landmark scien tific publications and technical documents, as well as a broad range of science literature at a more popular level. With over 180references to specific scenes in 130 sci-fi movies and TV episodes, spanning over 100 years of cinematic history, it should be an enjoyable read for anyone with an interest in science and science fiction
Contents:Preface
1 Introduction: Discerning the Real, the Possible and the Impossible
2 What is the Nature of Space and Time? (the physics of space travel and time travel)
3 What is the Universe Made of? (matter, energy and interactions)
4 Can a Machine Become Self Aware? (the sciences of computing and cognition)
5 Are We Alone in the Universe? (the search for extraterrestrial intelligence)
6 What does it Mean to be Human? (biological sciences, biotechnology and other considerations)
7 How do We Solve Our Problems? (science, technology and society)
8 What Lies Ahead? (the future
ISBN:9781461478911
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Astrophysics , Science (General) , Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642365195:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mixed Finite Element Methods and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniele Boffi
Franco Brezzi
Michel Fortin
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Non-standard finite element methods, in particular mixed methods, are central to many applications. In this text the authors, Boffi, Brezzi and Fortin present a general framework, starting with a finite dimensional presentation,then moving on to form ulation in Hilbert spaces and finally considering approximations, including stabilized methods and eigenvalue problems. Thisbookalso provides an introduction to standard finite element approximations, followedby the construction of elements for the approx imation of mixed formulations in H(div) and H(curl). The general theory is applied to some classical examples: Dirichlet's problem, Stokes' problem, plate problems, elasticity andelectromagnetism
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Variational Formulations and Finite Element Methods
Function Spaces and Finite Element Approximations
Algebraic Aspects of Saddle Point Problems
Saddle Point Problems in Hilbert spaces
Approximation of Saddle Point Problems
Complements: Stabilisation Methods, Eigenvalue Problems
Mixed Methods for Elliptic Problems
Incompressible Materials and Flow Problems
Complements on Elasticity Problems
Complements on Plate Problems
Mixed Finite Elements for Electromagnetic Problems
Index.
ISBN:9783642365195
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Computational Mathematics, 0179-3632 : v44
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642322204:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mssbauer Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Tutorial Book
Author(s): Yutaka Yoshida
Guido Langouche
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Tutorials on Mssbauer Spectroscopy Since the discovery of the Mssbauer Effect many excellent books have been published for researchers and for doctoral and master level students. However, there appears to be no textbookavailable for final year bachel or students, nor for people working in industry who have received only basic courses in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, chemistry and materials science. The challenge of thisbook is to give an introduction to Mssbauer Spectroscop y for this level. The ultimate goal of this book is to give this audience not only a scientific introduction to the technique, but also to demonstrate in an attractive way thepower of Mssbauer Spectroscopy in many fields of science, in order to create int erest among the readers in joining the community of Mssbauer spectroscopists. This is particularly important at times where in many Mssbauerlaboratories succession is at stake
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Introduction to Mssbauer Spectroscopy (S. Nasu)
Chemical Applications of Mssbauer Spectroscopy (P. Gtlich and Y. Garcia)
Application of Mssbauer Spectroscopy in Earth Sciences (R. E. Vandenberghe)
Fe
based Nanostructures Investigated by Mssbauer Spectrometry (J
M. Greneche)
Magnetic Multilayers and Interfaces (T. Shinjo and K. Mibu)
Implantation Techniques to Extract Atomistic Information in Materials Resesarch (G. Langouche and Y. Yoshida)
ISBN:9783642322204
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Physical geography , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400755796:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Uniting Electron Crystallography and Powder Diffraction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ute Kolb
Kenneth Shankland
Louisa Meshi
Anatoly Avilov
William I.F David
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Proceedings
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9789400755796
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Crystallography , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Materials Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400726444:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electromagnetic Processing of Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shigeo Asai
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9789400726444
Series:Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications
Series:e-books
Keywords: Materials Science, general , Optics and Electrodynamics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642254086:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biomimetics [electronic resource] : Bioinspired Hierarchical-Structured Surfaces for Green Science and Technology
Author(s): Bharat Bhushan
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents an overview of the general field of biomimetics - lessons from nature. It presents various examples of biomimetics, including roughness-induced superomniphobic surfaces which provide functionality of commercialinterest. The major f ocus in the book is on lotus effect, rose petal effect, shark skin effect, and gecko adhesion. For each example, the book first presents characterization of an object to understand how a natural object providesfunctionality, followed by modeling and then fabrication of structures in the lab using natures route to verify ones understanding of nature and provide guidance for development of optimum structures. Once it is understood hownature does it, examples of fabrication of optimum structures using smart materials and fabrication techniques, are presented. Examples of nature inspired objects are also presented throughout
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Modeling of Contact Angle for a Liquid in Contact with a Rough Surface
Part I: Lotus Effect
Lotus Effect Surfaces in Nature
How to Make Hierarchical Surfaces. Part II: Rose Petal Effect. Part III: Shark Skin Effect
Shark
Skin Surfaces for Fluid
Drag Reduction in Turbulent Flow
Fabrication and Characterization of Biomimetic Structures for Fluid Drag Reduction
ISBN:9783642254086
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biomedical engineering , Nanotechnology , Chemistry, inorganic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642224836:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heterogeneous Ferroelectric Solid Solutions [electronic resource] : Phases and Domain States
Author(s): Vitaly Topolov
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book deals with perovskite-type ferroelectric solid solutions for modern materials science and applications, solving problems of complicated heterophase/domain structures near the morphotropic phase boundary and applicationsto various systems wit h morphotropic phases. In this book domain stateinterface diagrams are presented for the interpretation of heterophase states in perovskite-type ferroelectric solid solutions. It allows to describe the stressrelief in the presence of polydomain phases, th e behavior of unit-cell parameters of coexisting phases and the effect of external electric fields. The novelty of the book consists in (i) the first systematization of data aboutheterophase states and their evolution in ferroelectric solid solutions (ii) the general interpretation of heterophase and domain structures at changing temperature, composition or electric field (iii) the complete analysis ofinterconnection domain structures, unit-cell parameters changes, heterophase structures and stress relief
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Crystallographic Aspects of Interfaces in Ferroelectrics and Related Materials
Two
Phase States
Phase Coexistence under an Electric Field E. Three
Phase States
Overlapping Structures and Transition Regions
Conclusions
ISBN:9783642224836
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v151
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemistry , Magnetism , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642220647:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Accelerators, Colliders, and the Story of High Energy Physics [electronic resource] : Charming the Cosmic Snake
Author(s): Raghavan Jayakumar
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Nordic mythological Cosmic Serpent, Ouroboros, is said to be coiled in the depths of the sea, surrounding the Earth with its tail in its mouth. In physics, this snake is a metaphor for the Universe, where the head,symbolizing the largest entity the Cosmos is one with the tail, symbolizing the smallest the fundamental particle. Particle accelerators, colliders and detectors are built by physicists and engineers to uncover the natureof the Universe while discovering its building blocks. Charming the Cosmic Snake takes the readers through the science behind these experimental machines: the physics principles that each stage of the development of particleaccelerators helped to reveal, and the particles they helped to discover. The book culminates with a description of the Large Hadron Collider, one of the worlds largest and most complex machines operating in a 27-km circumferencetunnel near Geneva. That collider may prove or disprove many of our basic theories about the nature of matter. The book provides the material honestly without misrepresenting the science for the sake of excitement or glossing overdifficult notions. The principles behind each type of accelerator is made accessible to the undergraduate student and even to a lay reader with c artoons, illustrations and metaphors. Simultaneously, the book also caters to differentlevels of readers background and provides additional materials for the more interested or diligent reader
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Expanding Universe of Particles
The spark that broke the atom
Natures own accelerator
Cracking the Nucleus
The Spiral Path to Nirvana
Then it rained particles
Rings of Earth
The Synchrotron
The Next Generation Supersynchrotrons
Linear Accelerators, the straight story
The Lotus Posture, Symmetry, Gauge Theories and the Standard Model
Collision course
Particle Detector Experiments
The Snake Charmer
The Large Hadron Collider
Index
ISBN:9783642220647
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Science (General) , Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461414865:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Umantsev
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461414865
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Condensed Matter Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Materials Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461406167:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Invisibility [electronic resource] A Story of Light and Deception
Author(s): Martin Beech
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Arthur C. Clarke famously wrote that, any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. These words most certainly ring true with respect to invisibility cloaking devices. At work is the magic of science,of course. The technology to make an object simply disappear from view is now a reality. There is both great fear and great desire in the thought of invisibility. Indeed, for thousands of years, authors have grappled with the idea.Power, devilry, secrecy, ethical dilemma, and mora l corruption - invisibility has it all. And yet, our waking world is full of familiar invisible phenomena. Electricity flowing along a metal wire, the gravity that keeps us grounded,the air we breathe, the bacteria and viruses that make us ill,the X-rays that reveal our broken bones - all are invisible to our eyes. They surround and envelop us, and we don't give them a second thought. Nature long ago learned howto play tricks with light rays, enriching the world with rainbows, mirages, and animal camoufla ge. The new physics of invisibility simply aims to take these tricks of nature a few steps further. Indeed, by learning what light is andhow it interacts with matter, physicists have begun to take control of light - with metamaterials, which, manmade, can be precisely melded, warped, twisted, transformed, and even time-edited. In this book the ancient and modern storyof light and invisibility is revealed, from early Greek speculations to the remarkable works of James Clerk Maxwell. The new and burgeoning field of transformation optics is also explored, and the story behind the development of thefirst fully functional invisibility cloak is charted. What will they be used for and how will they change things? Find out here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Chapter 1: Of All Things Visible and Invisible
Chapter 2: A Very Brief History of Light
Chapter 3: Mirror Tricks, the Art of Cloaking and Seeing the Impossible
Chapter 4: Maxwell's Marvelous Waves
Chapter 5: The Metamaterial Revolution
Afterword
Appendices
Index
ISBN:9781461406167
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461406150:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Invisibility [electronic resource]
Author(s): Martin Beech
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461406150
Series:e-books
Keywords: Optics and Electrodynamics , Popular Science, general , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441980779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource] : Materials and Photons
Author(s): Rainer Dick
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Advanced Quantum Mechanics: Materials and Photons is a textbook which emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, orscattering. Important aspe cts of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. The textbook can therefore be used for advancedundergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses whi ch are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject asaccessible as possible, Appendices A and B also provide introductions to Lagrangian mecha nics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrateddiscussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have a cquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy.Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition amplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, a bsorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimentaltechniques that use photon probes. Quantization is first discussed for the Schrdinger field before the relativistic Maxwell, Klein-Gordon and Dirac fields are quantized. Quantized Schrdinger field theory is not only important forcondensed matter physics and materials science, but also provides the easiest avenue to general field quantization and is therefore also useful for students with an interest in nuclear and particle physics. The quantization of theMaxwell field is performed in Coulomb gauge. This is the appropriate and practically most useful quantization procedure in condensed matter physics, chem
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Need for Quantum Mechanics
Self
adjoint Operators and Eigenfunction Expansions
Simple Model Systems
Notions from Linear Algebra and Bra
ket Formalism
Formal Developments
Harmonic Oscillators and Coherent States
Central Forces in Quantum Mechanics
Spin and Addition of Angular Momentum Type Operators
Stationary Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Aspects of Materials I
Scattering Off Potentials
The Density of States
Time
Dependent Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics
Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics
Coupling to Electromagnetic Fields
Princ
ISBN:9781441980779
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780387878157:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dissipative Ordered Fluids [electronic resource] : Theories for Liquid Crystals
Author(s): Andre M Sonnet
Epifanio G Virga
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is a book on the dissipative dynamics of ordered fluids, with a particular focus on liquid crystals. It covers a whole range of different theories, mainly concerned with nematic liquid crystals in both their chiral andnonchiral variants. The aut hors begin by giving a detailed account of the molecular origins of orientational order in fluids. They then go on to develop a general framework in which continuum theories for ordered fluids can be phrased.Within this unified setting, they cover both we ll-established classical theories and new ones with aspects that are not yet completely settled. The book treats a wide range of hydrodynamic theories for liquid crystals, from theoriginal 1960s works by Ericksen and Leslie to new, fast-developing ideas o f liquid crystal science. The final chapter is devoted to nematoacoustics and its applications. Old experiments on the propagation of ultrasound waves innematic liquid crystals are interpreted and explained in the light of a new theory developed within th e general theoretical infrastructure proposed in the body of the book. This book is intended both for graduate students andprofessional scholars in mathematics, physics, and engineering of advanced materials. It delivers a solid framework for liquid cryst al hydrodynamics and shows the unifying concepts at the basis of the classical theories. It illustrateshow these concepts can also be applied to a wide variety of modern topics. Andre M. Sonnet is in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics at the Uni versity of Strathclyde, Glasgow (Scotland) and Epifanio G. Virga is in theDepartment of Mathematics at the University of Pavia (Italy). They have a long history of working together in liquid crystal science and have contributed, in particular, to the theo ries of defects and biaxial nematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Molecular Theories
Dynamics of Dissipative Fluids
Director Theories
Order Tensor Theories
Nematoacoustics
Notation and Basic Concepts
References
Index
ISBN:9780387878157
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789048188291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure and Properties of Liquid Crystals [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev M Blinov
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book by Lev M. Blinov is ideal to guide researchers from their very first encounter with liquid crystals to the level where they can perform independent experiments on liquid crystals with a thorough understanding of theirbehaviour also in relat ion to the theoretical framework. Liquid crystals can be found everywhere around us. They are used in virtually every display device, whether it is for domestic appliances of for specialized technologicalinstruments. Their finely tunable optical propertie s make them suitable also for thermo-sensing and laser technologies. There are many monographs written by prominent scholars on the subject of liquid crystals. The majority of thempresents the subject in great depth, sometimes focusing on a particular res earch aspect, and in general they require a significant level of prior knowledge. In contrast, this books aims at an audience of advanced undergraduate andgraduate students in physics, chemistry and materials science. The book consists of three parts: the first part, on structure, starts from the fundamental principles underlying the structure of liquid crystals, their rich phasebehaviour and the methods used to study them the second part, on physical properties, emphasizes the influence of anisotropy on all aspects of liquid crystals behaviour the third, focuses on electro-optics, the most importantproperties from the applications standpoint. This part covers only the main effects and illustrates the underlying principles in greater detail. Professor Lev M. Blinov has had a long carrier as an experimentalist. He made majorcontributions in the field of ferroelectric mesophases. In 1985 he received the USSR state prize for investigations of electro-optical effects in liquid crystals for spatial light modul ators. In 1999 he was awarded the Frederiks medalof the Soviet Liquid Crystal Society and in 2000 he was honoured with the G. Gray silver medal of the British Liquid Crystal Society. He has held many
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9789048188291
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441977939:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Holographic Microscopy [electronic resource] : Principles, Techniques, and Applications
Author(s): Myung K Kim
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Digital holography is an emerging field of new paradigm in general imaging applications. By replacing the photochemical procedures with electronic imaging and having a direct numerical access to the complex optical field, a widerange of new imaging c apabilities become available, many of them difficult or infeasible in conventional holography. An increasing number of researchersnot only in optical physics and optical engineering, but also in diverseapplications areas such as microbiology, medicine, ma rine science, particle analysis, microelectromechanics, and metrologyare realizing and exploiting the new capabilities of digital holography. Digital Holographic Microscopy:Principles, Techniques, and Applications, by Dr. Myung K. Kim, is intended to prov ide a brief but consistent introduction to the principles of digital holography as well as to give an organized overview of the large number oftechniques and applications being developed. This will also shed some light on the range of possibilities for fu rther developments. As such, the intended readers are the students and new researchers interested in developing newtechniques and exploring new applications of digital holography. Numerous simulation examples and carefully designed diagrams help one to se e the essential elements of the variety of techniques and applications. Reference listsaregiven at the end of each chapter to make the search for relevant materials somewhat easier
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Diffraction and Fourier Optics
Principles of Holography
Basic Methods of Numerical Diffraction
Digital Holography Configurations
Theoretical Studies of Digital Holography
Suppression of DC & Twin Image Terms
Phase Shifting Digital Holography
Numerical Techniques of Digital Holography
Special Techniques of Digital Holography
Digital Holographic Microscopy
Low Coherence and Tomographic Techniques
ISBN:9781441977939
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v162
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer vision , Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780817682385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Integral Methods in Science and Engineering [electronic resource] : Computational and Analytic Aspects
Author(s): Christian Constanda
Paul J Harris
Date:2011
Edition:1
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The systematic study ofthe physical worldis largely based on the design of mathematical models using many different types of ordinary differential, partial differential, integral, and integro-differential equations. Thesolutions of these equations ar etherefore of great interest to practitioners and to science in general.Witha wealthof cutting-edgeresearch in the field,Integral Methods in Science and Engineering:Computational andAnalytic Aspectsprovides a vivid picture of both the development of theor etical integral techniques and their use in specific science and engineering problems. The volumeis an outgrowth of talks presented by world-renownedresearchers at the Eleventh International Conference on Integral Methods in Science and Engineering held i n Brighton, UK, July 1214, 2010. Thearray of topics they addressis immense,ranging from theoretical advances in boundaryintegral methods to applications of analytic and numerical quadrature techniques as diverse as integral equations, finite and boundary elements, conservation laws, hybrid approaches, and more. With ample coverage of theory andapplications, this bookwill be a valuable resource for researchers in applied mathematics, physics, and mechanical and electrical engineering, forgraduate students in these disciplines, and for various other professionals who useintegration as an essential technique in their work
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Collocation Method for Cauchy Integral Equations in L^2
On a New Definition of the Reynolds Number from the Interplay of Macroscopic and Microscopic Phenomenology
A Self
Consistent Monte Carlo Validation Procedure for Hadron Cancer Therapy Simulation
A General Analytical Solution of the AdvectionDiffusion Equation for Fickian Closure
A Novel Method for Simulating Spectral Nuclear Reactor Criticality by Spatially Dependent Volume Size Control
Adaptive Particle Filter for Stable Distribution
On the Analytical Solution of the Multi
Group Neutron Kinetic Diffusion E
ISBN:9780817682385
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Integral equations , Differential Equations , Differential equations, partial , Computer science Mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642051951:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The General Theory of Homogenization [electronic resource] A Personalized Introduction
Author(s): Luc Tartar
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Homogenization is not about periodicity, or Gamma-convergence, but about understanding which effective equations to use at macroscopic level, knowing which partial differential equations govern mesoscopic levels, without usingprobabilities (which des troy physical reality) instead, one uses various topologies of weak type, the G-convergence of Sergio Spagnolo, the H-convergence of Franois Murat and the author, and some responsible for the appearance ofnonlocal effects, which many theories in continuum mechanics or physics guessed wrongly. For a better understanding of 20th century science, new mathematical tools must be introduced, like the authors H-measures, variants by PatrickGrard, and others yet to be discovered
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Why Do I Write?
A Personalized Overview of Homogenization I
A Personalized Overview of Homogenization II
An Academic Question of Jacques
Louis Lions
A Useful Generalization by Franois Murat
Homogenization of an Elliptic Equation
The DivCurl Lemma
Physical Implications of Homogenization
A Framework with Differential Forms
Properties of H
Convergence
Homogenization of Monotone Operators
Homogenization of Laminated Materials
Correctors in Linear Homogenization
Correctors in Nonlinear Homogenization
Holes with Dirichlet Conditions
Holes with Neuman
ISBN:9783642051951
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes of the Unione Matematica Italiana, 1862-9113 : v7
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Mechanics , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642034060:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Science [electronic resource] : The Challenge of Complex Systems
Author(s): Zensho Yoshida
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book gives a general, basic understanding of the mathematical structure nonlinearity that lies in the depths of complex systems. Analyzing the heterogeneity that the prefix non represents with respect to notions suchas the linear space, integrab ility and scale hierarchy, nonlinear science is explained as a challenge of deconstruction of the modern sciences. This book is not a technical guide to teach mathematical tools of nonlinear analysis,nor a zoology of so-called nonlinear phenomena. By crit ically analyzing the structure of linear theories, and clarifying their limitation, this book makes the meaning of nonlinear (and, at the same time, of linear) precise andconcrete. The core material is accessible to a much broader audience beyond speciali sts. It also includes notes that describe more advanced materials for extended studies which might be rather non-trivial for specialists in physics andmathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nonlinearity and Nonlinear Science
From Regularity to Chaos
Science Facing Complexity
Conjunction of Micro and Macro Scales
ISBN:9783642034060
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Differentiable dynamical systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441911513:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Metamaterials [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): Wenshan Cai
Vladimir Shalaev
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Metamaterialsartificially structured materials with engineered electromagnetic propertieshave enabled unprecedented flexibility in manipulating electromagnetic waves and producing new functionalities. In just a few years,the field of optical metamate rials has emerged as one of the most exciting topics in the science of light, with stunning and unexpected outcomes that have fascinated scientists and the general public alike. This volume details recentadvances in the study of optical metamaterials, ran ging from fundamental aspects to up-to-date implementations, in one unified treatment. Important recent developments and applications such as superlenses and cloaking devices are alsotreated in detail and made understandable. Optical Metamaterials will se rve as a very timely book for both newcomers and advanced researchers in this rapidly evolving field. Early praise for Optical Metamaterials: ...this book istimely bringing to students and other new entrants to the field the most up to date concepts. The authors are amongst the leaders in the field and ideally positioned to write such a comprehensive volume: their enthusiasm shines throughevery chapter of the text. This book will I am sure play an important part in taking the subject of metamaterials to n ew heights of invention and application. We should all have a copy on our shelves. Professor Sir John Pendry,Imperial College London This book provides an understandable introduction to the field of optical metamaterials, including all the necessary back ground and a comprehensive review of this new paradigm in the science of light.Professor Shalaev, a world-leading expert in optics and metamaterials, and his former student, Dr. Cai, a rising star in his own right, have skillfully developed a volume that will prove important for both experts and students justentering the exciting field of photonic metamaterials and transformation optics. This book will certainly find a place within easy reac
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Optical Properties of Metal
Dielectric Composites
Experimental Techniques and Data Treatment
Electric Metamaterials
Magnetic Metamaterials
Negative
Index Metamaterials
Nonlinear Optics with Metamaterials
Super Resolution with Meta
Lenses
Transformation Optics and Electromagnetic Cloak of Invisibility
References
Index
ISBN:9781441911513
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441910400:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Device Physics of Narrow Gap Semiconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Junhao Chu
Arden Sher
Date:2010
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Narrow gap semiconductors obey the general rules of semiconductor science, but often exhibit extreme features of these rules because of the same properties that produce their narrow gaps. Consequently these materials providesensitive tests of theory, and the opportunity for the design of innovative devices. Narrow gap semiconductors are the most important materials for the preparation of advanced modern infrared systems. Device Physics of Narrow GapSemiconductors offers descriptions of the materials science and device physics of these unique materials. Topics covered include impurities and defects, recombination mechanisms, surface and interface properties, and the properties oflow dimensional systems for infrared applications. This book will help re aders to understand not only the semiconductor physics and materials science, but also how they relate to advanced opto-electronic devices. The last chapterapplies the understanding of device physics to photoconductive detectors, photovoltaic infrared det ectors, super lattices and quantum wells, infrared lasers, and single photon infrared detectors
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Impurities and Defects
Recombination
Surface Two
Dimensional Electron Gas
Superlattices and Quantum Wells
Device physics
ISBN:9781441910400
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Microdevices, Physics and Fabrication Technologies
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9780817649807:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functions, Spaces, and Expansions [electronic resource] : Mathematical Tools in Physics and Engineering
Author(s): Ole Christensen
Date:2010
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This graduate-level textbook is a detailed exposition of key mathematical tools in analysis aimed at students, researchers, and practitioners across science and engineering. Every topic covered has been specifically chosenbecause it plays a key role outside the field of pure mathematics. Although the treatment of each topic is mathematical in nature, and concrete applications are not delineated, the principles and tools presented are fundamental toexploring the computational aspects of physics and en gineering. A central theme of the book is the structure of various vector spacesmost importantly, Hilbert spacesand expansions of elements in these spaces in terms of bases.Key topics and features include: * More than 150 exercises * Abstract and normed v ector spaces * Approximation in normed vector spaces * Hilbert and Banach spaces * General bases and orthonormal bases * Linear operators on variousnormed spaces * The Fourier transform, including the discrete Fourier transform * Wavelets and multiresolut ion analysis * B-splines * SturmLiouville problems As a textbook that provides a deep understanding of central issues inmathematical analysis, Functions, Spaces, and Expansions is intended for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in applied m athematics, physics, and engineering. Readers are expected to have a solid understanding of linearalgebra, in Rn and in general vector spaces. Familiarity with the basic concepts of calculus and real analysis, including Riemann integrals and infinite seri es of real or complex numbers, is also required. Functions, Spaces, andExpansions is the main textbook for the e-course Mathematics 4: Real Analysis currently being taught at the Technical University of Denmark. Please click the Course Materials link on t he right to access videos of the lectures,problem sheets, and solutions to selected exercises
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Prologue
Mathematical Background
Normed Vector Spaces
Banach Spaces
Hilbert Spaces
The L^p
spaces
The Hilbert Space L^2
The Fourier Transform
An Introduction to Wavelet Analysis
A Closer Look on Multiresolution Analysis
B
splines
Special Functions
Appendix A
Appendix B
List of Symbols
References
Index
ISBN:9780817649807
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Functional analysis , Functions, special , Computer science , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048134472:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:IUTAM Symposium on Progress in the Theory and Numerics of Configurational Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): P Steinmann
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Configurational mechanics has attracted much attention from various research fields over the recent years/decades and has developed into a versatile tool that can be applied to a variety of problems. Since Eshelby's seminal worksa general notion of c onfigurational mechanics has evolved and has successfully been applied to many problems involving various types of defects in continuous media. The most prominent application is the use of configurational forces infracture mechanics. However, as configura tional mechanics is related to arbitrary material inhomogeneities it has also very successfully been applied to many materials science and engineering problems such as phase transitions andinelastic deformations. Also, the modeling of materials with micro -structure evolution is an important field, in which configurational mechanics can provide a better understanding of processes going on within the material. Besidesthese mechanical, physical, and chemical applications, ideas from configurational mechanics are now increasingly applied within computational mechanics. In this regard, in particular the combination of configurational mechanics and thefinite element method has a notable impact on computational mechanics. New methods based on configurational mec hanics are developing in computational fracture mechanics, structural optimization and adaptivity. These methods include,for example, r- and h-adaptive methods for mesh optimization and refinement. The IUTAM Symposium on Progress in the Theory and Numeric s of Configurational Mechanics that took place at the University of Erlangen/Nuremberg, Germany,from October 20th to 24th, 2008, shed light on the most recent state of affairs in configurational mechanics. This proceedings volume brings together a number of peer reviewed papers that were presented at the symposium
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:On Discontinuities of Material Momentum and Eshelby Stress in Hyperelasticity and Thermoelasticity
On a Constraint
Based Regularization Technique for Configurational r
Adaptivity and 3D Shape Optimization
Some New Properties of the Eshelby Stress Tensor
On Configurational Aspects of Finite Deformation Inelasticity: A Variational Approach Versus the Transformation of Balance of Momentum
Configurational Forces Derived from the Total Variation of the Rate of Global Dissipation
On Crack Analysis of Functionally Graded Materials with Material Forces
Momentum and Material Momentum
ISBN:9789048134472
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:IUTAM Bookseries, 1875-3507 : v17
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mechanics , Thermodynamics , Engineering , Mechanics, applied , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402088377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Fossils to Astrobiology [electronic resource] : Records of Life on Earth and Search for Extraterrestrial Biosignatures
Author(s): Joseph Seckbach
Maud Walsh
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study,including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expertscientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimula ting reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth andbeyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found i n the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports ofnanobacteria in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in foc using on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geology
Nanosims Opens a New Window for Deciphering Organic Matter in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Samples
Disentangling the Microbial Fossil Record in the Barberton Greenstone Belt: A Cautionary Tale
Looking Through Windows onto the Earliest History of Life on Earth and Mars
Models for Silicate Fossils of Organic Materials in the Astrobiological Context
Microfossil Phosphatization and Its Astrobiological Implications
Proterozoic Unicellular and Multicellular Fossils from India and Their Implications
Microbial Communities of Stromatolites
Biosedimentological Process
ISBN:9781402088377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 1566-0400 : v12
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Geology , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Microbiology , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387748016:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics and Properties of Narrow Gap Semiconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Junhao Chu
Arden Sher
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Narrow gap semiconductors obey the general rules of semiconductor science, but often exhibit extreme features of these rules because of the same properties that produce their narrow gaps. Consequently, these materials providesensitive tests of theory , and the opportunity for the design of innovative devices. For example, narrow gap semiconductors are the most important materials for the preparation of advanced modern infrared systems. In this book, theauthors offer clear descriptions of crystal growt h and the fundamental structure and properties of these unique materials. Topics covered include band structure, optical and transport properties, and lattice vibrations and spectra.Physics and Properties of Narrow Gap Semiconductors helps readers to unde rstand semiconductor physics and related areas of materials science and how they relate to advanced opto-electronic devices
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Crystal
The band structure
Optical properties
Transport poperties
Lattice Vibrations
ISBN:9780387748016
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical optics , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387493688:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Basic Electromagnetism and Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andr Moliton
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Basic Electromagnetism and Materials is the product of many years of teaching basic and applied electromagnetism. This textbook can be used to teach electromagnetism to a wide range of undergraduate science majors in physics,electrical engineering or materials science. However, by making lesser demands on mathematical knowledge than competing texts, and by emphasizing electromagnetic properties of materials and their applications, this textbook is uniquelysuited to students of materials science. Many competing texts focus on the study of propagation waves either in the microwave or optical domain, whereas Basic Electromagnetism and Materials covers the entire electromagnetic domain andthe physical response of materials to these waves. Professor Andr Moliton is Director of the Unit de Microlectronique, Optolectronique et Polymres (Universit de Limoges, France), which brings together three groups studyingthe optoelectronics of molecular and polymer layers, micro-optoelectronic systems for telecommunica tions, and micro-electronics and microtechnology through the use of ion implantation and simulations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:to the Fundamental Equations of Electrostatics and Magnetostatics in vacuums and Conductors
Electrostatics of Dielectric Materials
Magnetic Properties of Materials
Dielectric and Magnetic Materials
Time
Varying Electromagnetic Fields and Maxwells Equations
General Properties of Electromagnetic Waves and Their Propagation through Vacuums
Electromagnetic Waves in Absorbent and Dispersing Infinite Materials and the Poynting Vector
Waves in Plasmas and Dielectric, Metallic, and Magnetic Materials
Electromagnetic Field Sources, Dipolar Radiation, and Antennae
Interacti
ISBN:9780387493688
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Magnetism , Electromagnetism , Microwaves , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387382807:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Dynamic Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Konstantin A Lurie
Date:2007
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book gives a mathematical treatment of a novel concept in material science that characterizes the properties of dynamic materialsthat is, material substances whose properties are variable in space and time. Unlikeconventional composites that are often found in nature, dynamic materials are mostly the products of modern technology developed to maintain the most effective control over dynamic processes. These materials have diverse applications:tunable left-handed dielectrics, optical pumping with high-energy pulse compression, and electromagnetic stealth technology, to name a few. Of special significance is the participation of dynamic materials in almost every optimalmaterial design in dynamics. The book discusses some general features of dynami c materials as thermodynamically open systems it gives their adequate tensor description in the context of Maxwells theory of moving dielectrics andmakes a special emphasis on the theoretical analysis of spatio-temporal material composites (such as lamina tes and checkerboard structures). Some unusual applications are listed along with the discussion of some typical optimizationproblems in space-time via dynamic materials. Audience This book is intended for applied mathematicians interested in optimal prob lems of material design for systems governed by hyperbolic differential equations. It will also be usefulfor researchers in the field of smart metamaterials and their applications to optimal material design in dynamics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
A General Concept of Dynamic Materials
An Activated Elastic Bar: Effective Properties
Dynamic Materials in Electrodynamics of Moving Dialectrics
G
Closures of a Set of Isotropic Dielectrics with Respect to One
Dimensional Wave Propagation
Rectangular Microstructures in Space
Time
Some Applications of Dynamic Materials in Electrical Engineering and Optimal Design
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3
Appendix 4
Index
ISBN:9780387382807
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics : v15
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Mathematical optimization , Electrodynamics , Vibration , Materials , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540452980:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Implantation and Synthesis of Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Nastasi
James W Mayer
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ion implantation is one of the key processing steps in silicon integrated circuit technology. Some integrated circuits require up to 17 implantation steps and circuits are seldom processed with less than 10 implantation steps.Controlled doping at con trolled depths is an essential feature of implantation. Ion beam processing can also be used to improve corrosion resistance, to harden surfaces, to reduce wear and, in general, to improve materials properties.This book presents the physics and materials science of ion implantation and ion beam modification of materials. It covers ion-solid interactions used to predict ion ranges, ion straggling and lattice disorder. Also treated areshallow-junction formation and slicing silicon with hydrogen ion beams. T opics important for materials modification, such as ion-beam mixing, stresses, and sputtering, are also described
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Features and Fundamental Concepts
Particle Interactions
Dynamics of Binary Elastic Collisions
Cross
Section
Ion Stopping
Ion Range and Range Distribution
Displacements and Radiation Damage
Channeling
Doping, Diffusion and Defects in Ion
Implanted Si
Crystallization and Regrowth of Amorphous Si
Si Slicing and Layer Transfer: Ion
Cut
Surface Erosion During Implantation: Sputtering
Ion
Induced Atomic Intermixing at the Interface: Ion Beam Mixing
Application of Ion Implantation Techniques in CMOS Fabrication
Ion implantation in CMOS Technology: Mac
ISBN:9783540452980
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particle acceleration , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540317180:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Penetration and Radiation Effects [electronic resource] : General Aspects and Stopping of Swift Point Charges
Author(s): Peter Sigmund
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book, which has evolved from the authors lectures at the University of Copenhagen and the University of Southern Denmark, draws on his experience as an active researcher in the interaction of charged particles with matterover more than forty yea rs. The emphasis is on the theoretical description of fundamental phenomena, and much attention has been given to classic topics such as: Rutherford scattering the theory of particle stopping as developed byBohr, Bethe, Bloch and Lindhard the statistical description of energy loss as developed by Bohr, Bothe, Williams and Landau and numerous more recent developments. An attempt has been made to provide at least one complete derivationof a theoretical description for all central aspects. The presentation i s intended to respect the ideas of the original authors, but much effort has been invested in establishing a unified and appealing notation consistent withpresent-day standards. It is intended that this volume will satisfy a long-standing need for a textb ook suitable for introductory courses on interactions of charged particles with matter for students of physics, chemistry and relatedfields at the graduate and postgraduate level. In order to make it useful for researchers in materials science, electrical engineering, medical technique and other application areas in science and engineering, a large number ofappendices has been added with background material that should be familiar to physicists but not necessarily to others. Chapters 1-5 are predominantly tutorial, while chapters 6-9 develop topics leading to the frontiers of research
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Elementary Penetration Theory
3. Elastic Scattering
4. Stopping of Swift Point Charge I: Bohr and Bethe Theory
5. Dielectric Stopping Theory
6. Stopping of Swift Point Charge II: Extensions
7. Arriving at Numbers
8. Energy
Loss Straggling: Variance and Higher Cumulants
9. Energy
Loss Spectra
Appendices: A. Selected Tutorials
B. Books and Reviews
ISBN:9783540317180
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v151
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387377667:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Semiconductor Physical Electronics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sheng S Li
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Semiconductor Physical Electronics, Second Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of fundamental semiconductor physics that is essential to an understanding of the physical and operational principles of a wide variety ofsemiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices. This text presents a unified and balanced treatment of the physics, characterization, and applications of semiconductor materials and devices for physicists and material scientistswho need further exposure to semiconductor and pho tonic devices, and for device engineers who need additional background on the underlying physical principles. This updated and revised second edition reflects advances in semicondutortechnologies over the past decade, including many new semiconductor devi ces that have emerged and entered into the marketplace. It is suitable for graduate students in electrical engineering, materials science, physics, and chemicalengineering, and as a general reference for processing and device engineers working in the semi condictor industry
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Classification of Solids and Crystal Structure
Lattice Dynamics and Elements of Quantum Mechanics
Semiconductor Statistics
Energy Band Theory for Crystalline Solids
Equilibrium Properties of Semiconductors
Recombination Mechanism and Excess Carrier Phenomenon in Semiconductors
Boltzmann Equation and Transport Properties in Semiconductors
Scattering Mechanisms and Carrier Mobilities in Semiconductors
Optical Properties and Photoelectric Effects in Semiconductors
Metal
Semiconductor Contacts
P
N Junction Diodes
Solar Cells and Photodetectors
Light Emitting Dev
ISBN:9780387377667
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Physical optics , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387299907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coherent Sources of XUV Radiation [electronic resource] : Soft X-Ray Lasers and High-Order Harmonic Generation
Author(s): Pierre Jaegl
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Extreme ultraviolet radiation, also referred to as soft X-rays or XUV, offers very special optical properties. The X-UV refractive index of matter is such that normal reflection cannot take place on polished surfaces whereas beamtransmission through one micrometer of almost all materials reduces to zero. Therefore, it has long been a difficult task to imagine and to implement devices designed for complex optics experiments in this wavelength range. Thanks tonew sources of coherent radiation - XUV-las ers and High Order Harmonics - the use of XUV radiation, for interferometry, holography, diffractive optics, non-linear radiation-matter interaction, time-resolved study of fast and ultrafastphenomena and many other applications, including medical science s, is ubiquitous
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:to Coherent Extreme
Ultraviolet and Soft X
Ray Sources
Short Survey of XUV Emission Mechanisms and Sources
XUV Optics
Coherent XUV Radiation Beams
State of the Art and Prospect of X
Ray Lasers
Beginnings
General Features of X
Ray Lasers
Propagation of XUV Laser Beams
Saturated XUV Lasers
Recombination Lasers
Schemes for Future Soft X
Ray Lasers
High Harmonic Generation
Survey of the Theoretical Background
General Characteristics of High
Order Harmonic Emission
A Survey of Coherent XUV Sources Applications
Time
Resolution About 100 Picoseconds
Tim
ISBN:9780387299907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v106
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electromagnetism , Spectrum analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540304371:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Springer Handbook of Condensed Matter and Materials Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Werner Martienssen
Hans Warlimont
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Condensed Matter and Materials Science are two of the most active fields of applied physics, with a stream of discoveries in areas from superconductivity and magnetism to the optical, electronic and mechanical properties ofmaterials. While a huge amo unt of data has been compiled and spread over numerous reference works, no single volume compiles the most used information. Springer Handbook of Condensed Matter and Materials Data provides a concisecompilation of data and functional relationships from t he fields of solid-state physics and materials in this 1200-page volume. The data, encapsulated in over 750 tables and 1025 illustrations, have been selected and extractedprimarily from the extensive high-quality data collection Landolt-Brnstein and also from other systematic data sources and recent publications of physical and technical property data. Many chapters are authored by Landolt-Brnsteineditors, including the editors of this Springer Handbook. Key Topics Fundamental Constants The International System of Units (SI) Rudiments of Crystallography The Elements Metals, Ceramics, Polymers, Glasses Semiconductors,Superconductors, Magnetic Materials, Dielectrics and Electrooptics Ferroelectrics and Antiferroelectrics Liquid Crystals Physics of Solid Sur faces, Mesoscopic and Nanostructered Materials Features Covers basic data, materials,properties and fabrication. Contains most frequently used data and relationships. Authoritative one-volume desk reference Contains most frequently used data and relations hips in condensed-matter and materials science Incorporates thelatest CODATA values for fundamental physical constants Provides quick access to applicable, reliable, and comprehensive data tables and graphs Electronic contents fully searchable on accompan ying CD-ROM with links toLandolt-Boernsstein and other original literature Handy format, lucid two-color layout, uniformly styled figures, highly readable tables and visible tabs Contains 1000 two-c
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part 1 General Tables: 1.1 The Fundamental Constants
1.2 The International System of Units
1.3 Rudiments of Crystallography Part 2 The Elements Part 3 Classes of Materials: 3.1 Metals
Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys
Titanium and Titanium Alloys
Zirconium and Zirconium Alloys
Iron and Steels
Cobalt and Cobalt Alloys
Nickel and Nickel Superalloys
Copper and Copper Alloys
Refractory Metals
Noble Metals
Lead and Lead Alloys
3.2 Ceramics
3.3 Polymers
3.4 Glasses Part 4 Functional Materials: 4.1 Semiconductors
4.2 Super
ISBN:9783540304371
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Optical materials , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540277200:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Granular Dynamics [electronic resource] : Models and Algorithms
Author(s): Thorsten Pschel
Thomas Schwager
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Computer simulations not only belong to the most important methods for the theoretical investigation of granular materials, but also provide the tools that have enabled much of the expanding research by physicists and engineers.The present book is in tended to serve as an introduction to the application of numerical methods to systems of granular particles. Accordingly, emphasis is placed on a general understanding of the subject rather than on thepresentation of the latest advances in numerical algor ithms. Although a basic knowledge of C++ is needed for the understanding of the numerical methods and algorithms in the book, it avoids usage of elegant but complicated algorithmsto remain accessible for those who prefer to use a different programming lan guage. While the book focuses more on models than on the physics of granular material, many applications to real systems are presented
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Molecular Dynamics
Event
Driven Molecular Dynamics
Direct Simulation Monte Carlo
Rigid
Body Dynamics
Cellular Automata
Bottom
to
Top Reconstruction
Brownian Dynamics for the Simulation of Granular Flows
ISBN:9783540277200
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer science , Thermodynamics , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402030192:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scanning Probe Microscopy: Characterization, Nanofabrication and Device Application of Functional Materials [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Scanning Probe Microscopy:Characterization, Nanofabrication and D evice Application of Functional Materials Algarve, Portugal 113 October 2002 / edited by Paula Maria Vilarinho, Yossi Rosenwaks, Angus Kingon
Author(s): Paula Maria Vilarinho
Yossi Rosenwaks
Angus Kingon
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:As the characteristic dimensions of electronic devices continue to shrink, the ability to characterize their electronic properties at the nanometer scale has come to be of outstanding importance. In this sense, Scanning ProbeMicroscopy (SPM) is becom ing an indispensable tool, playing a key role in nanoscience and nanotechnology. SPM is opening new opportunities to measure semiconductor electronic properties with unprecedented spatial resolution. SPM isbeing successfully applied for nanoscale characte rization of ferroelectric thin films. In the area of functional molecular materials it is being used as a probe to contact molecular structures in order to characterize their electricalproperties, as a manipulator to assemble nanoparticles and nanotubes i nto simple devices, and as a tool to pattern molecular nanostructures. This book provides in-depth information on new and emerging applications of SPM to the fieldof materials science, namely in the areas of characterisation, device application and nanofa brication of functional materials. Starting with the general properties of functional materials the authors present an updated overview of thefundamentals of Scanning Probe Techniques and the application of SPM techniques to the characterization of specif ied functional materials such as piezoelectric and ferroelectric and to the fabrication of some nano electronic devices.Its uniqueness is in the combination of the fundamental nanoscale research with the progress in fabrication of realistic nanodevices. B y bringing together the contribution of leading researchers from the materials science and SPMcommunities, relevant information is conveyed that allows researchers to learn more about the actual developments in SPM applied to functional materials. This bo ok will contribute to the continuous education and development in thefield of nanotechnology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals of Functional Materials
Functional Materials: Properties, Processing and Applications
Scaling of Silicon
Based Devices to Submicron Dimensions
Unsolved Problems in Ferroelectrics for Scanning Probe Microscopy
Fundamentals of Scanning Probe Techniques
Principles of Basic and Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopy
Nanoscale Probing of Physical and Chemical Functionality with Near
Field Optical Microscopy
Nanoscale Electronic Measurements of Semiconductors Using Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
Expanding the Capabilities of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
Functi
ISBN:9781402030192
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, 1568-2609 : v186
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Optical materials , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780817644208:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analytical Methods in Anisotropic Elasticity [electronic resource] : with Symbolic Computational Tools
Author(s): Omri Rand
Vladimir Rovenski
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This comprehensive textbook/reference focuses on the mathematical techniques and solution methodologies required to establish the foundations of anisotropic elasticity and provides the theoretical background for composite materialanalysis. Specific a ttention is devoted to the potential of modern symbolic computational tools to support highly complex analytical solutions and their contribution to the rigor, analytical uniformity and exactness of the derivation.Key features: * Refreshes and modernizes classical mathematical methods encountered in the theory of anisotropic elasticity * Reviews basic and advanced steps of general analytical solutions, including the initial assumptions andselection of an adequate analytical course * Demonstrates the poten tial of symbolic computational tools to support the development of analytical solutions and to verify their exactness * Examines the physical interpretation of exactand approximate mathematical solutions and provides important insight into the involved ph enomena * Provides state-of-the-art solutions for a wide range of cases, including non-homogeneous and thin-walled configurations AnalyticalMethods in Anisotropic Elasticity will appeal to a broad audience involved in mathematical modeling, all of whom mu st have good mathematical skills: graduate students and professors in courses on elasticity and solid-mechanicslabs/seminars, applied mathematicians and numerical analysts, scientists and researchers. Engineers involved in aeronautical and space, maritime and mechanical design of composite material structures will find this an excellenthands-on reference text as well. All will benefit from the classical and advanced solutions that are derived and presented using symbolic computational techniques
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
List of Figures
List of Tables
Fundamentals of Anisotropic Elasticity and Analytical Methodologies
Anisotropic Materials
Plane Deformation Analysis
Solution Methodologies
Foundations of Anisotropic Beam Analysis
Beams of General Anisotropy
Homogeneous, Uncoupled Monoclinic Beams
Non
Homogeneous Plane and Beam Analysis
Solid Coupled Monoclinic Beams
Thin
Walled Coupled Monoclinic Beams
Programs Description
References
Index
ISBN:9780817644208
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer aided design , Computer science Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387266916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Understanding Materials Science [electronic resource] : History Properties Applications
Author(s): Rolf E Hummel
Date:2005
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This introduction to materials science both for students of engineering and physics and for the interested general public examines not only the physical and engineering properties of virtually all kinds of materials, but alsotheir history, uses, deve lopment, and some of the implications of resource depletion and recycling. It covers all topics on materials from an entirely novel perspective: the role materials have played throughout history in thedevelopment of humankind and technologies. Specificall y, it shows the connection between the technical and the cultural, economic, ecological, and societal aspects of materials science. It aims to whet the appetite of its readers andinspire them to further explore the properties and applications of metals, a lloys, ceramics, plastics, and electronic materials by presenting easily understandable explanations and entertaining historical facts. It is also intended toraise the readers awareness of their obligations to society as practicing engineers and scientist s. The new edition includes numerous additions and clarifications such as: The treatment of high-tech ceramics has beensubstantially expanded to include topics such as silicon nitride ceramics, transformation-toughened zirconia, alumina, bioceramics, cutt ing tools, cermets, armor, and more. A section on composite materials has been added, includingfiber-reinforced, particular, and laminar composites. New trends such as nanomaterials by severe plastic deformation, and a rendition of Moores law have been ad ded to the final chapter. The Economic and EnvironmentalConsiderations chapter has been rewritten and expanded to include updated statistical information on prices of materials, production figures, world reserves, consumption, and new recycling data. The iron and steel productionstatistics, and the gold production and consumption figures have been updated. Acclaim for the first edition of Understanding Materials Science: Hummel tries - and su
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Mechanical Properties of Materials: The First Materials (Stone Age and Copper
Stone Age). Fundamental Mechanical Properties of Materials. Mechanisms. The Bronze Age. Alloys and Compounds. Atoms in Motion. The Iron Age. Iron and Steel. Degradations of Materials (Corrosion)
Part II: Electronic Properties of Materials: The Age of Electronic Materials. Electronic Properties of Materials. Magnetic Properties of Materials. Optical Properties of Materials. Thermal Properties of Materials
Part III: Materials and the World: No Ceramics Age? From Natural Fibers to Man
Made Plast
ISBN:9780387266916
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662105498:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thin-Film Solar Cells Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its Applications
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (244 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-10549-8
Contents:1 Background and Motivation for Thin-Film Solar-Cell Development -- 2 Recent Advances and Future Opportunities for Thin-Film Solar Cell -- 3 Electrical and Optical Properties of Amorphous Silicon and Its Alloys -- 4 Preparation and
Properties of Nanocrystalline Silicon -- 5 Key Issues for the Efficiency Improvement of Silicon-Based Stacked Solar Cells -- 6 Development of Amorphous-Silicon Single-Junction Solar Cells and Their Application Systems -- 7 The
Production of a-Si:H/a-SiGe:H/a-SiGe:H Stacked Solar-Cell Modules and Their Applications -- 8 Low-Temperature Fabrication of Nanocrystalline-Silicon Solar Cells -- 9 Mass Production of Large-Area Integrated Thin-Film Silicon Solar-Cell
Module -- 10 Properties of Chalcopyrite-Based Materials and Film Deposition for Thin-Film Solar Cells -- 11 Development of Cu(InGa)Se2 Thin-Film Solar Cells -- 12 Expanding Thin-Film Solar PV System Applications -- 13 Future Prospects
for Photovoltaic Technologies in Japan
ISBN:9783662105498
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Photonics: 13
Keywords: Materials science , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials Science , Optical and Electronic Materials , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662099407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid State Theory An Introduction
Author(s): Ulrich Rössler
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (346 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-09940-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. The Solid as a Many-Particle Problem -- 3. Lattice Dynamics: Phonons -- 4. The Free Electron Gas -- 5. Electrons in a Periodic Potential -- 6. Spin Waves: Magnons -- 7. Correlated Electrons -- 8. Electron—Phonon
Interaction -- 9. Defects, Disorder, and Localization -- 10. Appendices -- References -- Solutions
ISBN:9783662099407
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Materials science , Engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials , Thin films , Materials Science , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Optical and Electronic Materials , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662091159:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (348 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-09115-9
Contents:Excitons in Semiconductors -- Hot Excitons in ZnSe Quantum Wells -- Probing Localized Excitons by Speckle Analysis of Resonant Light Scattering -- Donor-Related Exciton Luminescence in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductors: Diamond, Zinc Oxide,
and Gallium Nitride -- Spectroscopy of Biexcitons and Trions in II–VI Quantum Dots -- Dynamics of Excitons and Exciton Complexes in Wide-Gap Semiconductors -- Quantum Kinetics and Femtosecond Spectroscopy — The Discovery of Slowness --
Extreme Nonlinear Optics in Semiconductors -- Nonlinear Semiconductor Microcavities -- All-Optical Control of Charge and Spin in GaAs: Densities and Currents -- Semiconductor Quantum Dots for Optoelectronic Applications -- GaInNAs:
Fundamentals of a New Material System for Near-Infrared Optoelectronics -- Nitride-Based Light Emitting Diodes and Laser Diodes: Optical Properties and Applications -- Thermodynamics of Solar Cells
ISBN:9783662091159
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 146
Keywords: Physics , Quantum optics , Condensed matter , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Engineering , Materials science , Physics , Quantum Optics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Condensed Matter Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662089880:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nondestructive Materials Characterization With Applications to Aerospace Materials
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (418 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-08988-0
Contents:1 Degradation of Aircraft Structures -- 2 Optical Detection of Surface Damage -- 3 Microradiographic and Foil Penetration Methods for Quantification of Localized Corrosion -- 4 Interferometric and Holographic Imaging of Surface Wave
Patterns for Characterization of Material Degradation -- 5 Surface Acoustic Wave Characterization of Pitting Corrosion Damage with Fatigue Crack -- 6 Ultrasonic Fatigue Crack Detection in Aluminum and Titanium Alloys -- 7 Early
Detection of Fatigue Damage in Ti-6A1-4V with Nonlinear Acoustics -- 8 Ultrasonic Absorption Measurements -- 9 Thermographic Materials Characterization -- 10 Scanning Vibrating Electrode Technique as a Benchmark for NDE of Corrosion --
11 Acoustic Imaging Techniques for Characterization of Corrosion, Corrosion Protective Coatings, and Surface Cracks -- 12 Scanning Probe Microscopy: Ultrasonic Force and Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy -- 13 High Resolution
Microellipsometry -- 14 Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS)
ISBN:9783662089880
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 67
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Engineering , Materials science , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662088142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modulation Calorimetry Theory and Applications
Author(s): Yaakov Kraftmakher
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (288 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-08814-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Theory of Modulation Calorimetry -- 3 Modulation of Heating Power -- 4 Measurement of Temperature Oscillations -- 5 Brief Review of Methods of Calorimetry -- 6 Modulation Calorimetry I -- 7 Modulation Calorimetry
II -- 8 Modulation Dilatometry -- 9 Other Modulation Techniques -- 10 Noise Thermometry of Wire Samples -- 11 Electronics for Modulation Measurements -- 12 Accuracy of Modulation Measurements -- 13 Studies at High Temperatures -- 14
Phase Transitions -- 15 Relaxation Phenomena -- 16 Five Student Experiments -- Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9783662088142
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Continuum physics , Thermodynamics , Condensed matter , Physical measurements , Measurement , Engineering , Materials science , Physics , Thermodynamics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Classical Continuum Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Engineering, general , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662067239:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Diffraction Analysis of the Microstructure of Materials
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (554 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-06723-9
Contents:1 Line Profile Analysis: A Historical Overview -- 2 Convolution Based Profile Fitting -- 3 Whole Powder Pattern Modelling: Theory and Applications -- 4 Full Profile Analysis of X-ray Diffraction Patterns for Investigation of
Nanocrystalline Systems -- 5 Crystallite Size and Residual Strain/Stress Modeling in Rietveld Refinement -- 6 The Quantitative Determination of the Crystalline and the Amorphous Content by the Rietveld Method: Application to Glass
Ceramics with Different Absorption Coefficients -- 7 Quantitative Analysis of Amorphous Fraction in the Study of the Microstructure of Semi-crystalline Materials -- 8 A Bayesian/Maximum Entropy Method for the Certification of a
Nanocrystallite-Size NIST Standard Reference Material -- 9 Study of Submicrocrystalline Materials by Diffuse Scattering in Transmitted Wave -- 10 Determining the Dislocation Contrast Factor for X-ray Line Profile Analysis -- 11 X-ray
Peak Broadening Due to Inhomogeneous Dislocation Distributions -- 12 Determination of Non-uniform Dislocation Distributions in Polycrystalline Materials -- 13 Line Profile Fitting: The Case of fcc Crystals Containing Stacking Faults --
14 Diffraction Elastic Constants and Stress Factors Grain Interaction and Stress in Macroscopically Elastically Anisotropic Solids The Case of Thin Films -- 15 Interaction between Phases in Co-deforming Two-Phase Materials: The Role of
Dislocation Arrangements -- 16 Grain Surface Relaxation Effects in Powder Diffraction -- 17 Interface Stress in Polycrystalline Materials -- 18 Problems Related to X-Ray Stress Analysis in Thin Films in the Presence of Gradients and
Texture -- 19 Two-Dimensional XRD Profile Modelling in Imperfect Epitaxial Layers -- 20 Three-Dimensional Reciprocal Space Mapping: Application to Polycrystalline CVD Diamond
ISBN:9783662067239
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 68
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Crystallography , Engineering , Nanotechnology , Materials science , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Nanotechnology , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Crystallography , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783642189432:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unified Strength Theory and Its Applications
Author(s): Mao-Hong Yu
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (412 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-18943-2
Contents:Stress States of Elements -- Unified Yield Criteria -- Verification of the Yield Criterion -- Extended Unified Yield Criterion -- Basic Characteristics of Strength of Materials under Complex Stress -- Unified Strength Theory --
Experimental Verification of Strength Theory -- Applications of the Unified Yield Criterion -- The Effects of Failure Criteria on Structural Analysis -- Historical Reviews -- References and Bibliography -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642189432
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Materials science , Physics , Mechanics , Materials Science, general , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783642187520:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiphased Ceramic Materials Processing and Potential
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (152 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-18752-0
Contents:1 Multi-phase Materials -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Basic Concept of Multi-phase Materials -- 1.3 The Need for Multi-phase Materials -- 1.4 Research Objectives -- References -- 2 New Concepts in the Design of Tough Ceramics -- 2.1
Introduction -- 2.2 Experiments -- 2.3 Results and Discussion -- 2.4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgement -- References -- 3 Interface Design of Tough Ceramics: Si3N4/BN Fibrous Monolithic Ceramic -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Measurement of
Interfacial Toughness -- 3.3 Preparation of Si3N4/BN Fibrous Monolithic Ceramic -- 3.4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgement -- References -- 4 Microstructural Design : Si/SiC Composites Derived from Wood -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2
Experimental Work -- 4.3 Results and Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 5 Microstructure through Design in-situ Seeding Technique -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Experimental Work -- 5.3 Results and Discussion -- 5.4 Summary
and Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 6 Directional Solidification : ZrB2-LaB6 Eutectic Composites -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Experimental Work -- 6.3 Results and Discussion -- 6.4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements --
References -- 7 A Co-Sedimentation Technique to Fabricate Continuous Gradient Composites -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Physical Modeling -- 7.3 Numerical Modeling -- 7.4 Results and Discussions -- 7.5 Validation of the Model -- 7.6
Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 8 Spark Plasma Sintering : A Promising New Technique and its Mechanism -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Experimental Work -- 8.3 Results -- 8.4 Discussion -- 8.5 Conclusions -- Acknowledgments
-- References -- 9 Pulsed Chemical Vapor Infiltration : Carbon/SiC Nanocomposites -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Experimental Work -- 9.3 Results and Discussion -- 9.4 Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 10 Metal Oxidation Process
: NiAl/Al2O3 Composites -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Experimental Work -- 10.3 Results and Discussion -- 10.4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgment -- References -- 11 Co-electroplating Nano-ceramic Particulates with Ni Layer -- 11.1
Introduction -- 11.2 Experimental Procedures -- 11.3 Results and Discussion -- 11.4 Conclusions -- References -- 12 Hot-Pressing Technique : SiC/AlN Composites -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Applications of Silicon Carbide Ceramics --
12.3 SiC/AlN Particulate Composites -- 12.4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 13 Nondestructive Evaluation of Strength and Residual Stress using Sphere Indentation -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Effect of Stress Gradient
on Fracture -- 13.3 Critical Issues and Local Strength -- 13.4 Experimental Work -- 13.5 Proof Tests of Strength -- 13.6 Discussions and Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 14 Machinable Ceramic Graded Composites -- 14.1
Introduction -- 14.2 Basic Design Principles -- 14.3 Machinable Graded Si3N4/h-BN Composite -- 14.4 Machinable Graded Al2O3/LaPO4 Composite -- 14.5 Conclusions -- References -- 15 Future of Structural Multi-phase Ceramics -- 15.1
Obstacles for the Applications of Ceramics -- 15.2 Novel Materials -- 15.3 Challenges -- References
ISBN:9783642187520
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 66
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Optical and Electronic Materials , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Engineering, general
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