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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD METALS : EFFECT OF RADIATION ON *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/31529.13 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword metals : effect of radiation on ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783540494720:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of radiation materials science [electronic resource]: Metals and alloys
Author(s): Gary Steven Was
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Single User Option, only a single user at a time
Contents:1. The Radiation damage event -- 2. The Displacement of atoms -- 3. The Damage cascade -- Point defect formation and diffusion -- 5. Radiation-enhanced and diffusion defect reaction rate theory -- 6. Radiation-induced segregation -- 7. Dislocation mic rostructure -- 8. Irradiation-induced voids and bubbles -- 9. Phase stability under irradiation -- 10. Unique effects of ion-irradiation -- 11. Simulation of neutron irradiation effects with ions -- 12. Irradiation hardening and deformation -- 13. Fractur e and embrittlement -- 14. Irradiation creep and growth -- 15. Environmentally assisted cracking of irradiated metals and alloys.
ISBN:9783540494713
Series:eBooks
Series:ebrary eBook
Keywords: Metals Effect of radiation on. , Alloys Effect of radiation on.
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Call number:9781608071739:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microwave and millimeter-wave remote sensing for security applications
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Nanzer
Date:2012
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (385 p.)
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Electromagnetic plane wave fundamentals -- 3. Electromagnetic waves in media -- 4. Antennas -- 5. Receivers -- 6. Radiometry -- 7. Radar -- 8. Imaging systems -- 9. Interferometric measurement of angular velocity
Chapter 1 Introduction -- Security Sensing -- Needs for Remote Security Sensing -- Advantages of Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Remote Sensors -- Overview of Remote Sensing Techniques -- Radiometry -- Radar Systems -- Imaging Systems -- Interferometr ic Angular Velocity Measurement -- Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Remote Sensing in Related Fields -- The Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Spectrum -- Frequency Designations -- Propagation of Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Radiation -- Examples of Remote Secur ity Sensors -- Active Imaging for Contraband Detection -- Passive Imaging for Contraband Detection -- Detection of Human Presence -- Discrimination of Humans and Classification of Human Activity -- Through-Wall Detection -- Biological Signature Detection -- Chapter 2 Electromagnetic Plane Wave Fundamentals -- Maxwell.s Equations -- The Constitutive Parameters -- Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields -- The Wave Equation -- Plane Waves -- Phase Velocity -- Relationship Between E and H -- Energy and Power -- Wave Polarization -- Linear Polarization -- Elliptical Polarization
Chapter 3 Electromagnetic Waves in Media -- Plane Wave Propagation in Unbounded Media -- Good Conducting Media -- Good Dielectric Media -- Wave Impedance in Media -- Complex Permittivity and Dispersion -- Plane Wave Propagation in Bounded Media -- R eflection and Transmission of Normally Incident Waves -- Reflection and Transmission of Arbitrarily Incident Waves -- Transverse Electric (Perpendicular) Incidence -- Transverse Magnetic (Parallel) Incidence -- Power Reflection and Transmission -- Total T ransmission and Total Reflection -- Layered Media -- Electromagnetic Propagation in Specific Media -- Atmospheric Propagation Effects -- Propagation Through Building Materials -- Propagation Through Clothing and Garment Materials -- Dielectric Properties of Explosives, Plastics, and Metals -- Dielectric Properties of Human Tissue
Chapter 4 Antennas -- Electromagnetic Potentials -- Electromagnetic Potentials Due to Electric Current Density J -- Electromagnetic Potentials Due to Magnetic Current Density Jm -- Infinitesimal Dipole Radiation -- Far Field Radiation -- Infinitesim al Dipole Far-Field Radiation -- Antenna Parameters -- Radiated Power Density and Total Radiated Power -- Antenna Pattern -- Antenna Pattern Beamwidth -- Antenna Solid Angles -- Directivity -- Gain -- Aperture Area and Pattern Solid Angle -- Antenna Tempe rature and Noise Power . Polarization -- Properties of Wire Antennas -- Infinitesimal Dipole -- Long Dipole -- Aperture Antennas -- Image theory -- The Equivalence Principle -- Radiation from a Rectangular Aperture -- Radiation from a Circular Aperture -- Antenna Arrays -- Linear Array Theory -- Planar Arrays -- Array Beamwidth -- Phased Arrays -- Array Architectures -- Signal Feeds -- Beam Steering -- Common Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Antennas -- Horn Antennas -- Slot Antennas -- Microstrip Antennas - - Reflector Antenna Systems -- Lens Antenna Systems -- Chapter 5 Receivers -- General Operation of Receivers -- Receiver Noise -- Sources of Receiver Noise -- Thermal Noise -- Shot Noise -- Flicker Noise -- Equivalent Noise Bandwidth -- Thermal Noise at M illimeter-Wave Frequencies -- Noise Figure and Noise Temperature -- Noise Temperature -- Noise Figure of an Attenuator -- Noise in Cascaded Systems -- ADC Noise -- Receiver Linearity -- Gain Compression -- Intermodulation Products -- Third Order Intercept Point -- Intercept Point of a Cascade -- Dynamic Range -- Spurious Free Dynamic Range
Chapter 6 -- Radiometry -- Radiometry Fundamentals -- Brightness -- Brightness and Distance -- Flux Density and Source Distribution -- Effect of the Antenna -- Blackbody Radiation -- Planck.s Blackbody Radiation Law -- Approximations of Planck.s Law -- Band-Limited Integration of Planck.s Law -- Applied Radiometry -- Source Resolution -- Resolved Source -- Unresolved Source -- Received Power as a Convolution -- Emissivity and Radiometric Temperature -- Emissivities of Human Skin and Common Materials -- Radiometric Temperature in an Environment -- Radiometer Receivers -- Total Power Radiometer -- Total Power Response -- Interferometric Correlation Radiometer -- Spatial Point Source Response -- Receiver Instabilities -- Dicke Radiometer -- Radiometer Calibration -- Scanning Radiometer Systems -- Spatial Resolution -- Dwell Time -- Measurement Uncertainty -- One-Dimensional Scanning -- Two-Dimensional Scanning -- Chapter 7 Radar -- Configurations and Measurements -- Range Equation -- Transmitter System s . Transmitter Functionality -- Transmitter Noise -- Millimeter-Wave Oscillators -- Radar Measurement Sensitivity -- Range Measurement Error -- Frequency Measurement Error -- Angle Measurement Error -- Impact of the Time-Bandwidth Product on Measurement Error -- Micro-Doppler -- Micro-Doppler in Security Radar -- Micro-Doppler Theory -- Human Micro-Doppler Signature -- Continuous-Wave Radar -- Continuous-Wave Doppler -- Frequency-Modulated CW -- Multifrequency CW -- Moving Target Indication Radar -- High -Range Resolution Radar -- Pulse Radar -- Linear Frequency Modulation -- Stepped-Frequency Modulation
Chapter 8 Imaging Systems -- Scanning Imaging Systems -- Types of Scanning Imagers -- General Characteristics of Scanning Systems -- Field of View and Spatial Resolution -- Frame Rate -- Interferometric Imaging Systems -- Image Formation -- Visibili ty Function -- Fourier Transform Relationship of Visibility and Radiometric Temperature -- The Correlation Interferometer as a Spatial Filter -- Visibility Sampling -- Two-Dimensional Visibility -- Image Sensitivity -- Image Resolution and Field of View - - Interferometric Imaging Arrays -- Mills Cross Array -- T-Array -- Y-Array -- Circular Arrays -- Chapter 9 Interferometric Measurement of Angular Velocity -- Interferometer Response to an Angularly Moving Point Source -- System Beam Pattern -- Frequency Shift Induced by an Angularly Moving Object -- Comparison to Doppler Frequency Shift -- Frequency Uncertainty at Wide Angles -- Small Angle Approximation -- Interferometer Spectral Response -- General Spectral Response -- Response with a Sinc Function Sys tem Beam Pattern -- Interferometer Response in the Time-Frequency Domain -- Interferometric Measurement of Moving Humans -- Narrow-Beamwidth Response to a Moving Human -- Wide-Beamwidth Response to a Moving Human
ISBN:9781608071722
Series:Artech House antennas and propagation library
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Security systems, Remote sensing. , Microwave remote sensing.
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Call number:TA460.W36::2007 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of radiation materials science : metals and alloys
Author(s): Gary S. Was
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin: Springer
Size:827 p
Contents:1. The Radiation damage event -- 2. The Displacement of atoms -- 3. The Damage cascade -- Point defect formation and diffusion -- 5. Radiation-enhanced and diffusion defect reaction rate theory -- 6. Radiation-induced segregation -- 7. Dislocation m ic rostructure -- 8. Irradiation-induced voids and bubbles -- 9. Phase stability under irradiation -- 10. Unique effects of ion-irradiation -- 11. Simulation of neutron irradiation effects with ions -- 12. Irradiation hardening and deformation -- 13. Frac tur e and embrittlement -- 14. Irradiation creep and growth -- 15. Environmentally assisted cracking of irradiated metals and alloys.
ISBN:9783540494713
Keywords: Metals : Effect of radiation on
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642154393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Modelling of Radiation Damage in Metals Using Ehrenfest Dynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christopher Race
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Atomistic simulations of metals under irradiation are indispensable for understanding damage processes at time- and length-scales beyond the reach of experiment. Previously, such simulations have largely ignored the effect ofelectronic excitations on the atomic dynamics, even though energy exchange between atoms and electrons can have significant effects on the extent and nature of radiation damage. This thesis presents the results of time-dependenttight-binding simulations of radiation damage, in wh ich the evolution of a coupled system of energetic classical ions and quantum mechanical electrons is correctly described. The effects of electronic excitations in collision cascadesand ion channelling are explored and a new model is presented, which make s possible the accurate reproduction of non-adiabatic electronic forces in large-scale classical molecular dynamics simulations of metals
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
A Radiation Damage Cascade
Electronic Excitations in Radiation Damage a Review
Theoretical Background
Simulating Radiation Damage in Metals. A Framework for Simulating Radiation Damage in Metals
The Single Oscillating Ion
Semi
calssical Simulations of Collision Cascades
The Nature of the Electronic Excitations
The Electronic Forces
Channelling Ions
The Electronic Drag Force
Concluding Remarks
A. Selected Proofs
B. Petrubation Theory
C. The coupling Matrix for a Single Oscillating Ion
D. Some Features of the Electronic Excitation Spect
ISBN:9783642154393
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402028526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2003 Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2003) held in Muscat, Oman, 21–25 September 2003
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (656 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2852-6
Contents:Mössbauer Instrument Package MS-2000IP -- Nuclear Resonant Scattering of Synchrotron Radiation as a Method for Distinction between Covariant Ether Theories and Special Relativity -- Mössbauer Spectrometer with Novel Moving System and
Resonant Detection of Gamma Rays -- Angular Distribution of Hyperfine Magnetic Field in Fe3O4 and Fe66Ni34 from Mössbauer Polarimetry -- Two-Dimensional Mössbauer Spectra -- 57Fe Mössbauer Study of Magnetic Nanowires -- Synthesis and
Mössbauer Study of Maghemite Nanowire Arrays -- Mössbauer Characterization of Iron-Based Nanogranular Films -- Mössbauer Study of Nanocrystalline ?-Fe3?xCoxN System -- Mössbauer Studies of Nanosize CuFe2O4 Particles -- Mössbauer
Studies on Nanocrystalline Diol Capped ?-Fe2O3 -- Hyperfine and Structural Properties of the Mechanically Alloyed (FeMn)30Cu70 System -- 197Au Mössbauer Study of Bimetallic Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemical Technique -- Phase
Composition and Properties of Iron Nanocrystals and Clusters Embedded in MgO Matrix -- Shifting the Superparamagnetic Limit of Nanosized Copper Iron Spinel -- Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 by Aerosol Route and Its
Characterization -- Transitions and Spin Dynamics at Very Low Temperature in the Pyrochlores Yb2Ti2O7 and Gd2Sn2O7 -- Mössbauer and Neutron Diffraction Studies on Co-Al Ferrite -- Mössbauer Studies of Fe0.7?xSi0.3Mnx Alloys --
Observation of Substitutional Fe in CEMS Measurements on Synthetic CVD Diamond -- Interaction between Interstitial Hydrogen and Fe Atoms within the ?-Hydride Phase in Nb1?yFeyHx Alloys -- First Observation of Photoinduced Magnetization
for the Cyano-Bridged 3d–4f Heterobimetallic Assembly Nd(DMF)4(H2O)3(?-CN)Fe(CN)5·H2O (DMF = N,N-Dimethylformamide) -- Non-Magnetic Stainless Steels Reinvestigated — a Small Effective Field Component in External Magnetic Fields --
Magnetic Response and Hyperfine Magnetic Fields at Fe Sites of Sr3Fe2MO9 (M = Mo, Te, W, U) Double-Perovskites -- Modification of Nuclear Decay Constant in the Finite Space -- Mössbauer Studies and Magnetic Properties of Y3?xCexFe5O12
-- Control of Charge Transfer Phase Transition in Iron Mixed-Valence System (n-CnH2n+1)4 N[FeIIFeIII(dto)3] (n = 3?6 dto = C2O2S2) -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study on the Effect of Al-Cr Co-Substitution in Yttrium and Yttrium-Gadolinium
Iron Garnets -- Mössbauer Study of Microstructure and Magnetic Properties (Co, Ni)-Zr Substituted Ba Ferrite Particles -- Mössbauer Studies of Dilute 119Sn and 57Fe in SrRuO3 and Sr2FeRuO6 -- Mössbauer Studies on the Quasibinary System
FeTe1.45-TiTe1.45 -- Magnetic Properties of Iron Clusters in Silver -- Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline FexCu1?x Alloys Prepared by Ball Milling -- The Formation of Lithiated Ti-Doped ?-Fe2O3 Nanocrystalline Particles by
Mechanical Milling of Ti-Doped Lithium Spinel Ferrite -- Effect of Mg2+ on the Magnetic Compensation of Lithium-Chromium Ferrite -- High-Pressure 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Octamethyl-Ethynyl-Ferrocene -- 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopic Study of Fe-B Compounds -- Mössbauer- and EPR-Snapshots of an Enzymatic Reaction: The Cytochrome P450 Reaction Cycle -- The Effect of Biocompatible Coating Layers on Magnetic Properties of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide
Nanoparticles -- Spin States of Iron(III) in Highly Saddled Dodecaphenylporphyrin Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Iron Containing Vitamins and Dietary Supplements -- Comparative Study of Human Liver Ferritin and Chicken Liver by
Mössbauer Spectroscopy. Preliminary Results -- Low-Spin Ferriheme Models of the Cytochromes: Correlation of Molecular Structure with EPR and Mössbauer Spectral Parameters -- Iron-Sulfur Proteins Investigated by EPR-, Mössbauer- and
EXAFS-Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Study of Lanthanum-Strontium Ferromanganite Oxides -- Iron-57 Mössbauer Spectroscopic Investigation of Manganese-Doped ?-Fe2O3 -- Study on Chemical Bond and Electronic State of New Gold Mixed Valence
Complexes Cs2[Au1X2][AuIIIY4] (X, Y = Cl, Br, I) by Means of 197Au Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Magnetic Properties of TlCo2Se2 Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Exploring the Verwey-Type Transition in GdBaFe2O5+? Using 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopy -- First Principles Calculations of Mössbauer Spectra of Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries -- 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study of LaFe1?xCoxO3 (x = 0 and 0.5) Formed by Mechanical Milling -- A
Crystallographic and Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of BaCo0.5xZn0.5xTix Fe12?2xO19 (M-Type Hexagonal Ferrite) -- Laboratory Intercomparison on the Determination of the Fe(II)/Fe(III) Ratio in Glass Using Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- 57Fe
Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study on the Assembled Iron Complexes -- 155Gd Mössbauer Isomer Shifts and Quadrupole Coupling Constants of Gadolinium Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy in the Characterisation of Polymetallic Cluster
Compounds: a Triple Mössbauer Study of (PPh4)[Fe2Ir2(CO)12{?3-Au(PPh3)}] -- The Nonanuclear [Mo(IV){(CN)Fe(III)(3-ethoxysaldptn)}8]Cl4 Complex Compound Exhibits Multiple Spin Transitions Observed by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Processes
in Geophysics Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- High Pressure Mössbauer Studies on FCC Fe53Ni47 Alloy -- Mössbauer and XRD Comparative Study of Host Rock and Iron Rich Mineral Samples from Paz del Rio Iron Ore Mineral Mine in
Colombia -- Characterization and Thermal Behaviour of Garnets from Almandine-Pyrope Series at 1200°C -- Mössbauer Study of Magnetite Formation by Iron- and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria -- What Oxidation State of Iron Determines the
Amethyst Colour? -- Fe-Hydroxysulphates from Bacterial Fe2+ Oxidation -- Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of a Mural Painting from Morgadal Grande, Mexico -- Quantification of Secondary Fe-Phases Formed During Sorption Experiments on
Chlorites -- Synthesis by Coprecipitation of Al-Substituted Hydroxysulphate Green Rust Fe4IIFe(2?y)IIIAlyIII(OH)12SO4, nH2O -- Mössbauer Study of Ancient Albanian Ceramics -- Variation of Some Physical Properties of Brownmillerite
Doped with a Transition Metal Oxide -- Iron-Containing Adsorbents in Great Nile Sediments -- Fe(II–III) Hydroxysalt Green Rusts from Corrosion to Mineralogy and Abiotic to Biotic Reactions by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Identification of
Corrosion Products Due to Seawater and Fresh Water -- Atmospheric Corrosion on Steel Studied by Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Spectrometry as a Powerful Tool to Study Lithium Reactivity Mechanisms for Battery
Electrode Materials -- Arrangements of Interstitial Atoms in fcc Fe-C and Fe-N Solid Solutions -- A Dilute-Limit Heat of Solution of 3d Transition Metals in Iron Studied with 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Distribution of N Atoms in
the fcc Fe-N Interstitial Solid Solution -- Distribution of Mn Atoms in a Substitutional bcc-FeMn Solid Solution -- Effect of Sulfur Addition on the Redox State of Iron in Iron Phosphate Glasses -- Structural and Electronic Features of
Sb-Based Electrode Materials: 121Sb Mössbauer Spectrometry -- Study of Disordered Fe2Cr(1?x)MnxAl Alloys -- Mössbauer and X-ray Study of Fe1?xAlx, 0.2 ? x ? 0.5, Samples Produced by Mechanical Alloying -- Investigation of Steel
Surfaces Treated by a Hybrid Ion Implantation Technique -- Ferromagnetic Planar Nanocomposites -- Surface and Interface Investigations by Nuclear Resonant Scattering with Standing Waves -- Nuclear Resonant Reflectivity Investigations
of a Thin Magnetic 57Fe Layer Adjacent to a Superconducting V Layer -- CEMS Investigations of Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation Effects in Tb/Fe Multilayers -- Thermally Induced Processes of Intermetalloid Phase Formation in Laminar Systems
Fe-Sn -- DCEMS Study of Thin Oxide Layers and Interface of Stainless Steel Films Deposited by Sputtering Austenitic AISI304 -- CEMS Study on Fe Films Deposited by Laser Ablation -- The Investigation of the Magnetic Properties of
Metallic Multilayers by Angle Dependent Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Concluding Remarks -- Author Index
ISBN:9781402028526
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642588471:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics Special Chapters
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (378 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-58847-1
Contents:1. Quantum Theory of Free Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.1 Maxwell’s Equations -- 1.2 Electromagnetic Plane Waves -- 1.3 Quantization of Free Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.4 Eigenstates of Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.5 Coherent States
(Glauber States) of Electromagnetic Fields -- 1.6 Biographical Notes -- 2. Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Matter -- 2.1 Emission of Radiation from an Excited Atom -- 2.2 Lifetime of an Excited State -- 2.3 Absorption of
Photons -- 2.4 Photon Scattering from Free Electrons -- 2.5 Calculation of the Total Photon Scattering Cross Section -- 2.6 Cherenkov Radiation of a Schrödinger Electron -- 2.7 Natural Linewidth and Self-energy -- 3. Noninteracting
Fields -- 3.1 Spin-Statistics Theorem -- 3.2 Relationship Between Second Quantization and Elementary Quantum Mechanics -- 4. Quantum Fields with Interaction -- 5. Infinities in Quantum Electrodynamics: Renormalization Problems -- 5.1
Attraction of Parallel, Conducting Plates Due to Field Quantum Fluctuations (Casimir Effect) -- 5.2 Renormalization of the Electron Mass -- 5.3 The Splitting of the Hydrogen States 2s1/2?2p3/2: The Lamb Shift -- 5.4 Is There an
Inconsistency in Bethe’s Approach? -- 6. Nonrelativistic Quantum Field Theory of Interacting Particles and Its Applications -- 6.1 Quantum Gases -- 6.2 Nearly Ideal, Degenerate Bose—Einstein Gases -- 7. Superfluidity -- 7.1 Basics of a
Microscopic Theory of Superfluidity -- 7.2 Landau’s Theory of Superfluidity -- 8. Pair Correlations Among Fermions and Bosons -- 8.1 Pair-Correlation Function for Fermions -- 8.2 Pair-Correlation Function for Bosons -- 8.3 The
Hanbury-Brown and Twiss Effect -- 8.4 Cooper Pairs -- 9. Quasiparticles in Plasmas and Metals: Selected Topics -- 9.1 Plasmons and Phonons -- 10. Basics of Quantum Statistics -- 10.1 Concept of Quantum Statistics and the Notion of
Entropy -- 10.2 Density Operator of a Many-Particle State -- 10.3 Dynamics of a Quantum-Statistical Ensemble -- 10.4 Ordered and Disordered Systems: The Density Operator and Entropy -- 10.5 Stationary Ensembles -- 11. Structure of
Atoms -- 11.1 Atoms with Two Electrons -- 11.2 The Hartree Method -- 11.3 Thomas—Fermi Method -- 11.4 The Hartree—Fock Method -- 11.5 On the Periodic System of the Elements -- 11.6 Splitting of Orbital Multiplets -- 11.7 Spin—Orbit
Interaction -- 11.8 Treatment of the Spin-Orbit Splitting in the Hartree—Fock Approach -- 11.9 The Zeeman Effect -- 11.10 Biographical Notes -- 12. Elementary Structure of Molecules -- 12.1 Born—Oppenheimer Approximation -- 12.2 The
H+2 Ion as an Example -- 12.3 The Hydrogen Molecule -- 12.4 Electron Pairing -- 12.5 Spatially Oriented Orbits -- 12.6 Hybridization -- 12.7 Hydrocarbons -- 12.8 Biographical Notes -- 13. Feynman’s Path Integral Formulation of
Schrödinger’s Wave Mechanics -- 13.1 Action Functional in Classical Mechanics and Schrödinger’s Wave Mechanics -- 13.2 Transition Amplitude as a Path Integral -- 13.3 Path Integral Representation of the Schrödinger Propagator -- 13.4
Alternative Derivation of the Schrödinger Equation -- 13.5 Biographical Notes
ISBN:9783642588471
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783642881992:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid-State Physics An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science
Author(s): Harald Ibach
Date:1996
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (402 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88199-2
Contents:1 Chemical Bonding in Solids -- 1.1 The Periodic Table of the Elements -- 1.2 Covalent Bonding -- 1.3 Ionic Bonding -- 1.4 Metallic Bonding -- 1.5 The Hydrogen Bond -- 1.6 The van der Waals Bond -- Problems -- 2 Crystal Structures --
2.1 The Crystal Lattice -- 2.2 Point Symmetry -- 2.3 The 32 Crystal Classes (Point Groups) -- 2.4 The Significance of Symmetry -- 2.5 Simple Crystal Structures -- Problems -- 3 Diffraction from Periodic Structures -- 3.1 General Theory
of Diffraction -- 3.2 Periodic Structures and the Reciprocal Lattice -- 3.3 The Scattering Conditions for Periodic Structures -- 3.4 The Bragg Interpretation of the Laue Condition -- 3.5 Brillouin Zones -- 3.6 The Structure Factor --
3.7 Methods of Structure Analysis -- Problems -- Panel I: Diffraction Experiments with Various Particles -- Panel II: X-Ray Interferometry and X-Ray Topography -- 4 Dynamics of Atoms in Crystals -- 4.1 The Potential -- 4.2 The Equation
of Motion -- 4.3 The Diatomic Linear Chain -- 4.4 Scattering from Time-Varying Structures -- 4.5 Phonon Spectroscopy -- Problems -- Panel III: Raman Spectroscopy -- 5 Thermal Properties of Crystal Lattices -- 5.1 The Density of States
-- 5.2 The Thermal Energy of a Harmonic Oscillator -- 5.3 The Specific Heat Capacity of the Lattice -- 5.4 Effects Due to Anharmonicity -- 5.5 Thermal Expansion -- 5.6 Heat Conduction by Phonons -- Problems -- Panel IV: Experiments at
Low Temperatures -- 6 “Free” Electrons in Solids -- 6.1 The Free Electron Gas in an Infinite Square-Well Potential -- 6.2 The Fermi Gas at T= OK -- 6.3 Fermi Statistics -- 6.4 The Specific Heat Capacity of Electrons in Metals -- 6.5
Electrostatic Screening in a Fermi Gas — The Mott Transition -- 6.6 Thermionic Emission of Electrons from Metals -- Problems -- 7 The Electronic Bandstructure of Solids -- 7.1 General Symmetry Properties -- 7.2 The Nearly-Free-Electron
Approximation -- 7.3 The Tight-Binding Approximation -- 7.4 Examples of Bandstructures -- 7.5 The Density of States -- Problems -- Panel V: Photoemission Spectroscopy -- 8 Magnetism -- 8.1 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism -- 8.2 The
Exchange Interaction -- 8.3 Exchange Interaction Between Free Electrons -- 8.4 The Band Model of Ferromagnetism -- 8.5 The Temperature Behavior of a Ferromagnet in the Band Model -- 8.6 Ferromagnetic Coupling for Localized Electrons --
8.7 Antiferromagnetism -- 8.8 Spin Waves -- Problems -- Panel VI: Magnetostatic Spin Waves -- Panel VII: Surface Magnetism -- 9 Motion of Electrons and Transport Phenomena -- 9.1 Motion of Electrons in Bands and the Effective Mass --
9.2 Currents in Bands and Holes -- 9.3 Scattering of Electrons in Bands -- 9.4 The Boltzmann Equation and Relaxation Time -- 9.5 The Electrical Conductivity of Metals -- 9.6 Thermoelectric Effects -- 9.7 The Wiedemann-Franz Law --
Problems -- Panel VIII: Quantum Oscillations and the Topology of Fermi Surfaces -- 10 Superconductivity -- 10.1 Some Fundamental Phenomena Associated with Superconductivity -- 10.2 Phenomenological Description by Means of the London
Equations -- 10.3 Instability of the “Fermi Sea” and Cooper Pairs -- 10.4 The BCS Ground State -- 10.5 Consequences of the BCS Theory and Comparison with Experimental Results -- 10.6 Supercurrents and Critical Currents -- 10.7
Coherence of the BCS Ground State and the Meissner-Ochsenfeld Effect -- 10.8 Quantization of Magnetic Flux -- 10.9 Type II Superconductors -- 10.10 Novel “High Temperature” Superconductors -- Problems -- Panel IX: One-Electron
Tunneling in Superconductor Junctions -- Panel X: Cooper Pair Tunneling — The Josephson Effect -- 11 Dielectric Properties of Materials -- 11.1 The Dielectric Function -- 11.2 Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation -- 11.3 The
Dielectric Function for a Harmonic Oscillator -- 11.4 Longitudinal and Transverse Normal Modes -- 11.5 Surface Waves on a Dielectric -- 11.6 Reflectivity of a Dielectric Half-Space -- 11.7 The Local Field -- 11.8 The Polarization
Catastrophe and Ferroelectrics -- 11.9 The Free Electron Gas -- 11.10 Interband Transitions -- 11.11 Excitons -- 11.12 Dielectric Energy Losses of Electrons -- Problems -- Panel XI: Spectroscopy with Photons and Electrons -- Panel XII:
Infrared Spectroscopy -- Panel XIII: The Frustrated Total Reflection Method -- 12 Semiconductors -- 12.1 Data for a Number of Important Semiconductors. -- 12.2 Charge Carrier Density in Intrinsic Semiconductors -- 12.3 Doping of
Semiconductors -- 12.4 Carrier Densities in Doped Semiconductors -- 12.5 Conductivity of Semiconductors -- 12.6 The p-n Junction -- 12.7 Semiconductor Heterostructures and Superlattices. -- Problems -- Panel XIV: The Hall Effect --
Panel XV: Cyclotron Resonance in Semiconductors -- Panel XVI: Shubnikov-de Haas Oscillations and the Quantum Hall Effect -- Panel XVII: Semiconductor Epitaxy -- References -- Periodic Table of the Elements (Inside front cover) -- Table
of Constants and Equivalent Values (Inside back cover)
ISBN:9783642881992
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Condensed matter , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642780806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Desorption Induced by Electronic Transitions DIET V Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop, Taos, NM, USA, April 1–4, 1992
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (348 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-78080-6
Contents:I Electron Attachment -- Surface Reactions and Desorption by Electron Attachment -- Desorption of H?, O? and OH? Ions During Impact of Very Low Energy Electrons on Surfaces -- Electron and Photon Stimulated Desorption of Negative Ions
from Oriented Physisorbed Molecules -- Resonance Electron Scattering by O2 Monolayers on Graphite: Reinterpreted -- Non-Adiabatic Curve Crossings in Dissociative Electron Attachment of Condensed O2 -- Charge-Transfer Photodissociation
and Photoreaction in Adsorbates at a Metal Surface -- II Photodesorption and Photochemistry -- Desorption Induced by Femtosecond Laser Pulses: Surface Dynamics at High Electronic Temperatures -- A New Way to Characterize the Excitation
Mechanism in Surface Photochemistry -- Photodesorption Dynamics and Structural Information for O2 Adsorbed on Pd(111) -- Dynamics of Ammonia Photodesorption from GaAs(100): A Vibration-Mediated Mechanism -- Molecular Photochemistry on
Surfaces: Role of Adsorbate — Substrate Structure -- III Laser-Induced Ion Desorption -- Desorption of Ions and Neutrals with >6 eV Laser Light -- Laser-Induced Desorption of Positive Ions from Wide Band Gap Insulators -- Laser-Induced
Desorption from Sapphire Surfaces -- UV Pulsed Laser Desorption from Ag/Al/Sapphire Films: Changes in the Ion Desorption Process for Excitations near the Ag d-Band Threshold -- IV High Energy Processes -- Core-Induced Photodissociation
of Surface Molecules Investigated by Ionic Desorption and Correlated Electronic Spectra -- The Relevance of Gas-Phase Core-Electron Excitation and Decay Phenomena to Molecular Adsorbate Structure and Desorption -- Dissociation in Fast
Molecule-Surface Collisions -- Orientation Effects in the Scattering of H2 and H+2 from Cu(111) -- Desorption from LiF(100) by Singly- and Doubly-Charged Hyperthermal He Ions -- Ion-Induced Electron Excitation at Magnetic Surfaces -- V
Theory -- Excited States Lifetimes Near Surfaces -- ESD from Physisorbed Layers on Metal Surfaces: Theoretical Investigation of Two Desorption Scenarios -- Computer Simulation of DIET Processes: Molecular Dynamics with Electronic
Transitions -- Some Current Theoretical Insights on DIET -- VI Electron Stimulated Desorption and Chemistry of Adsorbates on Metals -- Isotope Effect in Electron Stimulated Desorption — The Role of Internal Degrees of Freedom in CO
Desorption from Pt(111) -- Quantum-Resolved Angular Distributions of Neutral Products in Electron-Stimulated Surface Processes -- Electron Stimulated Desorption of the Metallic Substrate at Monolayer Coverage: Sensitive Detection via
193 nm Laser Photoionization of Neutral Aluminum Desorbed from CH3O/Al(111) -- Structure and Kinetics of Electron Beam Damage in a Chemisorbed Monolayer: PF3 on Ru(0001) -- Electron-Induced Decomposition of Metal Carbonyls on Ag(111)
-- Quantum-Resolved Stimulated Surface Reactions -- VII Spatially Resolved DIET -- Atomic Scale Desorption and Fragmentation with the STM -- Atomic Force Microscopy of Surface Defects on NaCl(100) -- Electron Microscopy of
Electron-Stimulated Processes at Oxide Surfaces -- VIII Semiconductors -- State-Resolved Studies of the Laser-Induced Desorption of NO from Si(111): The Importance of Localized Excitations -- Laser-Induced Electronic Processes on
Semiconductor Surfaces -- Mechanisms of Metastable Atom Quenching on GaAs(100) -- The Synchrotron Radiation Induced Chemistry of the Adamantane/Si(111)-7×7 Surface -- Photolysis Enhancement by Excitation of Si(2p) Core Level Electrons
in SiF4/Ge(100) -- Photon Stimulated Desorption of Fluorine from Semiconductor Surfaces -- ESDIAD Studies of Chlorine Adsorption at Silicon(100) -- Probing GaSb(110) Surface and Interfaces by Photon Stimulated Desorption (PSD) --
Photon Stimulated H+ Ion Desorption Studies of Silicon Surfaces Covered by Alkali Metals -- IX Oxides -- Low Energy Excitations and Desorption Dynamics from Oxide Surfaces -- Electron Stimulated Desorption (ESD) of Ammonia on
TiO2(110): The Influence of Substrate Defect Structure -- Electron Stimulated Desorption of O+ from TiO2(110)-SO2 -- X Alkali Halides -- Surface Deformation and Change in Reflectivity During Electron Irradiation: Results for the
CaF2(111) Surface -- The Role of Hot Hole Migration in Electronic Sputtering of Alkali Halides -- New Mechanism for the Desorption of Excited Atoms by Photon Bombardment of Alkali Halide Crystals -- Simultaneous Measurements of Optical
Absorption and Electron Stimulated Li Desorption on LiF Crystals -- Rotational Distributions Following DIET: CN* from Alkali-Rich Surfaces -- Auger Studies of Damage and Charging in NaCl -- XI Cryogenic Overlayers -- DIET from
Cryogenic Layers: Subject and Tool of Investigation -- Low-Energy ESD of Metastable Atoms from Ar, Kr, Xe(111) Condensed Films -- Photo-Stimulated Desorption of Ne Metastables from Thin Ne Layers on Solid Ar, Kr, and Xe -- Dynamics of
Multi-Electronic Photon Excitation in Multilayers of Argon Studied by Kinetic Energy Analysis of Photodesorbed Ions -- Photon Stimulated Desorption from Cryogenic Surfaces: Predicting the Vacuum Behavior of the Superconducting
Supercollider -- Erratum in DIET IV Proceedings -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642780806
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 31
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Engineering , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Physical Chemistry , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789401132305:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:White Dwarfs
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (466 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-3230-5
Contents:1-Pre-White Dwarf Evolution and White Dwarf Cooling -- New pre-white dwarf evolutionary tracks -- Influence of the phase diagram in the cooling of white dwarfs -- PG1159 stars and the PNN-white dwarf connection -- Analysis of the soft
X-ray data from the central star of NGC 7293 -- Planetary Nebulae Nuclei with white dwarf spectra -- Atmospheric parameters of subluminous B stars -- White dwarf space densities and birth rates reconsidered -- A spectroscopic
determination of the mass distribution of DA white dwarfs -- The age and formation of the Galaxy : clues from the white dwarf luminosity function -- Early results from the ROSAT Wide Field Camera -- The stellar component of the Hamburg
Schmidt Survey -- White dwarfs in the Hamburg Schmidt Survey -- 2-Asteroseismology of White Dwarfs -- Asteroseismology of white dwarf stars with the Whole Earth Telescope -- A measurement of the evolutionary timescale of the cool white
dwarf G117-B15A with WET -- On the interpretation of the dP/dt measurement in G117-B15A -- The boundaries of the ZZ Ceti instability strip -- Long term variations in ZZ Cetis : G191-16 and HL Tau 76 -- Predicting the white dwarf light
curves -- A wavelet analysis of the ZZ Ceti star G191 16 -- An adiabatic survey for ZZ Ceti stars based on a finite element code -- A study of period change rates in post-AGB stars I. PG 1159-035 -- Nonadiabatic nonradial pulsations
for DAV white dwarf stars -- 3-Atmospheres and Envelopes -- NLTE Analysis of four PG1159 stars -- A search for trace amounts of hydrogen in DB stars -- Abundances of trace heavy elements in hot DA white dwarfs -- New results on
radiative forces on iron in hot white dwarfs -- The effective temperature of the DBV’s, and the sensitivity of DB model atmospheres to input physics -- The modified hydrostatic equilibrium equations for stratified high gravity stellar
atmospheres -- The DBAQ G35-26 -- LP 790-29 : preliminary model atmospheres for this strongly polarized carbon white dwarf -- Some effect of the UV radiation from white dwarfs on the accretion of interstellar hydrogen -- Convection in
white dwarfs : application of CM theory to helium envelope WDs -- Abundances in cool DZA and DAZ white dwarfs : new results using laboratory damping constants -- Evidence for fractionated accretion of metals on cool white dwarfs -- A
new look at old friends : 40 Eri B and GD 323 -- The Lyman Alpha line wing in hydrogen-rich white dwarf atmospheres -- Atmospheric parameters for DA white dwarfs in the vicinity of the ZZ Ceti instability strip -- Space Telescope
observations of white dwarf stars -- 4-White Dwarfs in Binaries -- A deep spectroscopic survey of white dwarfs in common proper motion binaries -- Double degenerate common proper motion binaries -- Close binary white dwarfs -- New
results on cataclysmic variable white dwarfs -- Whole Earth Telescope observations of the interacting white dwarf binary system AM CVn : first results -- IUE observations of V803 Cen in high and low states -- Whole Earth Telescope
observations of PG1346+082 -- On the origin of LMXRBS : the ONEMG case
ISBN:9789401132305
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C:Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 336
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783642972300:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid-State Physics An Introduction to Theory and Experiment
Author(s): Harald Ibach
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (341 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97230-0
Contents:1. Chemical Bonding in Solids -- 1.1 The Periodic Table of the Elements -- 1.2 Covalent Bonding -- 1.3 Ionic Bonding -- 1.4 Metallic Bonding -- 1.5 The Hydrogen Bond -- 1.6 The van der Waals Bond -- 2. Crystal Structures -- 2.1 The
Crystal Lattice -- 2.2 Point Symmetry -- 2.3 The 32 Crystal Classes (Point Groups) -- 2.4 The Significance of Symmetry -- 2.5 Simple Crystal Structures -- 3. Diffraction from Periodic Structures -- 3.1 General Theory of Diffraction --
3.2 Periodic Structures and the Reciprocal Lattice -- 3.3 The Scattering Conditions for Periodic Structures -- 3.4 The Bragg Interpretation of the Laue Condition -- 3.5 Brillouin Zones -- 3.6 The Structure Factor -- 3.7 Methods of
Structure Analysis -- 4. Crystal Lattice Dynamics -- 4.1 The Potential -- 4.2 The Equation of Motion -- 4.3 The Diatomic Linear Chain -- 4.4 Scattering from Time-Varying Structures -- 4.5 Phonon Spectroscopy -- 5. Thermal Properties of
Crystal Lattices -- 5.1 The Density of States -- 5.2 The Thermal Energy of a Harmonic Oscillator -- 5.3 The Specific Heat Capacity of the Lattice -- 5.4 Effects Due to Anharmonicity -- 5.5 Thermal Expansion -- 5.6 Heat Conduction by
Phonons -- 6. “Free” Electrons in Solids -- 6.1 The Free Electron Gas in an Infinite Square-Well Potential -- 6.2 The Fermi Gas at T = 0K -- 6.3 Fermi Statistics -- 6.4 The Specific Heat Capacity of Electrons in Metals -- 6.5
Electrostatic Screening in a Fermi Gas - The Mott Transition -- 6.6 Thermionic Emission of Electrons from Metals -- 7. The Electronic Bandstructure of Solids -- 7.1 General Symmetry Properties -- 7.2 The Nearly-Free-Electron
Approximation -- 7.3 The Tight-Binding Approximation -- 7.4 Examples of Bandstructures -- 7.5 The Density of States -- 8. Magnetism -- 8.1 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism -- 8.2 The Exchange Interaction -- 8.3 Exchange Interaction
Between Free Electrons -- 8.4 The Band Model of Ferromagnetism -- 8.5 The Temperature Behavior of a Ferromagnet in the Band Model -- 8.6 Ferromagnetic Coupling for Localized Electrons -- 8.7 Antiferromagnetism -- 8.8 Spin Waves -- 9.
Motion of Electrons and Transport Phenomena -- 9.1 Motion of Electrons in Bands and the Effective Mass -- 9.2 Currents in Bands and Holes -- 9.3 Scattering of Electrons in Bands -- 9.4 The Boltzmann Equation and Relaxation Time -- 9.5
The Electrical Conductivity of Metals -- 9.6 Thermoelectric Effects -- 9.7 The Wiedemann-Franz Law -- 10. Superconductivity -- 10.1 Some Fundamental Phenomena Associated with Superconductivity -- 10.2 Phenomenological Description by
Means of the London Equations -- 10.3 Instability of the “Fermi Sea” and Cooper Pairs -- 10.4 The BCS Ground State -- 10.5 Consequences of the BCS Theory and Comparison with Experimental Results -- 10.6 Supercurrents and Critical
Currents -- 10.7 Coherence of the BCS Ground State and the Meissner-Ochsenfeld Effect -- 10.8 Quantization of Magnetic Flux -- 10.9 Type II Superconductors -- 10.10 Novel “High Temperature” Superconductors -- 11. Dielectric Properties
of Materials -- 11.1 The Dielectric Function -- 11.2 Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation -- 11.3 The Dielectric Function for a Harmonic Oscillator -- 11.4 Longitudinal and Transverse Normal Modes -- 11.5 Surface Waves on a
Dielectric -- 11.6 Reflectivity of a Dielectric Half-Space -- 11.7 The Local Field -- 11.8 The Polarization Catastrophe and Ferroelectrics -- 11.9 The Free Electron Gas -- 11.10 Interband Transitions -- 11.11 Excitons -- 11.12
Dielectric Energy Losses of Electrons -- 12. Semiconductors -- 12.1 Data for a Number of Important Semiconductors -- 12.2 Charge Carrier Density in Intrinsic Semiconductors -- 12.3 Doping of Semiconductors -- 12.4 Carrier Densities in
Doped Semiconductors -- 12.5 Conductivity of Semiconductors -- 12.6 The p-n Junction -- 12.7 Semiconductor Heterostructures and Superlattices -- References
ISBN:9783642972300
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Condensed matter , Electronics , Microelectronics , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783642834370:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Core-Level Spectroscopy in Condensed Systems Proceedings of the Tenth Taniguchi International Symposium, Kashikojima, Japan, October 19–23, 1987
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (303 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-83437-0
Contents:I Introductory Survey -- Many-Body Effects in Core-Level Spectroscopy of Solids -- One-Electron Transitions in the XANES of Condensed Systems -- II Many-Body Effects in f-Electron Systems -- Theory of High Energy Spectroscopy in CeO2
-- Theory of PES and BIS Including f2 State for Ce-Compounds -- Photoemission Spectra of CeCu2Si2 and CeInCu2 -- Resonant Photoemission Spectra of Ce Compounds -- Secondary X-Ray Radiation by Core-Level Excitation -- III Many-Body
Effects in d-Electron Systems -- Ab Initio Calculation of the Parameters in the Anderson Model -- Electronic Structure of Transition Metal Compounds as Studied by High Energy Spectroscopies -- Origin of 2p Core-Level XPS Satellites in
the Late 3d Transition Metal Dihalides -- Photoemission Satellites and Their Implications for the Electronic and Magnetic Properties of 3d Transition-Metal Compounds -- The Electronic States Formed by Doping La2CuO4 Giving High Tc
Superconductivity Determined by Cu L3 Edge X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy -- Effect of Disorder on the Spectral Density of the d Bands -- Many-Body Effects on Photoemission and Inverse Photoemission Spectra in Ferromagnetic Nickel --
Trion Formation in Resonant Photoemission in a Simple Model of Insulators -- IV XANES, EXAFS and Related Topics -- The Multichannel Generalization of Multiple Scattering Theory: Application to the Analysis of Inner Shell X-Ray Spectra
of Mixed-Valence Compounds -- XANES and Molecular Orbital Picture: 3d Transition Metal Compounds -- Angular and Energy Dependence of Plasmon Loss Structures in Deep Core XPS Spectra -- Optical Absorption Spectra of Thallous Halides in
the Extreme Ultraviolet Region -- A Rydberg-like Structure of the Core Hole Luminescence Caused by the Self-Induced Polarization of the Lattice -- V Surface Effects -- Recent Developments in Photoelectron Diffraction -- Photoelectron
Spectroscopy and Photoelectron Diffraction Studies of Submonolayer Metal/Si(111) Interfaces -- Theory of Band-like Auger Spectra in sp-Bonded Materials -- Surface-Induced Modification of the Position, Shape and Intensity of the Lines
in Core-Level Spectroscopy of Transition Metals -- Surface Anisotropy of the Debye-Waller Factor in SEXAFS Experiments from Lattice Dynamical Calculations -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642834370
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 81
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9781461308850:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Semiconductor Lithography Principles, Practices, and Materials
Author(s): Wayne M Moreau
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (952 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0885-0
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1-1. Semiconductor Device Manufacturing -- 1-2. Lithography Processing and Materials -- 1-3. Lithography Costs and Process Equipment -- 1-4. Organization of the Book -- 2. Positive Photoresists -- 2-1. Introduction
-- 2-2. Diazoquinone Photoresists -- 2-2-1. General Performance -- 2-2-2. General Photochemistry and Solubility Properties -- 2-2-3. Spectral Absorbance -- 2-2-4. Resins for DQ Resists -- 2-2-5. Chemical Mechanisms in DQN -- 2-3. Shelf
Life and Quality Control of DQN -- 2-4. Summary and Outlook on DQN Resists -- 2-5. Deep-UV Exposure -- 2-5-1. Optical Systems -- 2-5-2. Resist Sensitometry -- 2-5-3. Deep-UV Resists -- 2-6. PMMA and PMIPK -- 2-6-1. PMMA -- 2-6-2. PMIPK
-- 2-6-3. Summary -- 2-7. Nitroaldehyde Resists -- 2-8. Photocatalyzed Positive Resists -- 2-9. Miscellaneous Positive Deep-UV Resists -- 2-10. Outlook -- 3. Positive Radiation Resists -- 3-1. Introduction -- 3-1-1. Tool Contributions
-- 3-1-2. Resist Considerations -- 3-1-3. High-Energy Radiation Absorption -- 3-1-4. Radiation Chemical Reactions -- 3-2. X-Ray Positive Resists -- 3-2-1. Basic Exposure Tool -- 3-2-2. X-Ray Positive Resists -- 3-3. Positive Ion-Beam
Resists -- 3-4. Electron-Beam Positive Resists -- 3-4-1. Electron-Beam Tool and Process Considerations -- 3-4-2. One-Component Positive Radiation Resists -- 3-4-3. Pre-cross-linked PMMA Resist -- 3-4-3-1. Plasma Stability of PMMA --
3-4-3-2. Processing -- 3-4-3-3. Outlook for PMMA -- 3-5. Polyolefin Sulfones and Other Electron-Beam Positive Resists -- 3-6. Practical Positive Resists -- 3-7. Outlook -- 4. Negative Photoresists -- 4-1. Introduction -- 4-1-1.
Chemical Reactions -- 4-1-2. Exposure and Contrast -- 4-1-3. Photosensitizers -- 4-1-4. Commercial Resist Compositions -- 4-2. Polyvinylcinnamate -- 4-3. Azide-Sensitized Resists -- 4-3-1. Azide-Activated Formulations -- 4-3-2.
Photochemistry of Azides -- 4-3-3. Rubber and Phenolic Based Systems -- 4-3-4. Photospeed of Rubber Azide -- 4-3-5. Oxygen Effect in Azide Resists -- 4-4. Miscellaneous Radical-Based Photoresists -- 4-5. High-Temperature Negative
Photoresists -- 4-6. Photopolymerization -- 4-7. Charge Transfer Resists -- 4-8. Inorganic Resists -- 4-9. Summary and Outlook -- 5. Negative Radiation Resists -- 5-1. Introduction -- 5-2. X-Ray Resists -- 5-3. Ion-Beam Resists -- 5-4.
Electron-Beam Resists -- 5-4-1. Styrene-Based Resists -- 5-4-2. Epoxy-Based Resists -- 5-4-3. Allyl-Based Resists -- 5-4-4. Charge Transfer Resists -- 5-4-5. Silicone Negative Resists -- 5-4-6. Miscellaneous Resists -- 5-5.
Two-Component Resists -- 5-6. Practical Use of Negative Electron-Beam Resists -- 5-7. Outlook -- 6. Surface Preparation and Coatin -- 6-1. Introduction -- 6-2. Cleaning the Wafer Surface -- 6-2-1. Contamination and General Consequences
-- 6-2-2. Causes and Mechanisms of Surface Contamination -- 6-2-3. Removal of Contaminants -- 6-2-3-1. Clean Rooms -- 6-2-3-2. Liquid Contamination -- 6-2-3-3. Removal of Contaminants on the Wafer Surface -- 6-2-4. Detection of
Contaminants on the Wafer Surface -- 6-3. Storage of Cleaned Wafers -- 6-4. Adhesion Promoters -- 6-5. Physical Chemistry of Spin Coating -- 6-5-1. Solvents for Spin Coating -- 6-5-2. Practical Aspects of Spin Coating -- 6-6. Other
Resist Coating Techniques -- 6-6-1. Langmuir-Blodgett Films -- 6-6-2. Gas-Phase Deposition -- 6-7. Resist Film Thickness Measurements -- 6-8. Pinholes in Resist Films -- 6-8-1. Causes of Pinholes -- 6-8-2. Measurement of Pinholes in
Resist Films -- 6-8-3. Reduction and Control of Pinholes in Resist Films -- 6-9. Summary and Outlook of Resist Coatings -- 7. Prebake (Softbake) -- 7-1. Introduction -- 7-2. Kinetics of Prebaking -- 7-3. Physical Changes in Prebaking
-- 7-3-1. Residual Stress Strain -- 7-3-2. Measurement of Residual Solvent in Prebaked Films -- 7-4. Prebaking Positive Resists -- 7-5. Prebake Equipment and Processes -- 7-6. Summary -- 8. Optical Exposure -- 8-1. Introduction -- 8-2.
Optical Principles -- 8-3. Contact and Proximity Print -- 8-4. Projection Print -- 8-5. Overlay -- 8-6. Miscellaneous Exposure Techniques -- 8-7. Photomasks -- 8-8. Sensitometry -- 8-9. Outlook -- 9. Radiation Exposure -- 9-1.
Introduction -- 9-2. Electron-Beam Performance -- 9-3. Electron-Beam Exposure Equipment -- 9-4. Electron-Beam-Resist Interaction -- 9-4-1. Charging of Resist -- 9-4-2. Resist Outgassing -- 9-5. Registration -- 9-6. Proximity Effects --
9-7. Radiation Damage -- 9-8. X-Ray and Ion-Beam Exposure -- 9-8-1. X Rays -- 9-8-2. Ion Beams -- 9-9. Outlook -- 10. Developing Resist Images -- 10-1. Introduction -- 10-2. General Mechanisms -- 10-3. PMMA Developer Sensitivity --
10-4. Enhancement of R and R0 of PMMA -- 10-5. Diazoquinone-Novolak Resists -- 10-5-1. Introduction -- 10-5-2. Modeling DQN Development -- 10-5-2-1. Photokinetics of Exposure -- 10-5-2-2. Kinetics of Dissolution -- 10-6. Development of
Negative Resists -- 10-7. Dry Development -- 10-7-1. Direct Image Formation -- 10-7-2. Plasma-Developed Resists -- 10-7-2-1. Monomer Matrices for Plasma-Developable Resists -- 10-7-2-2. Polymer Matrices for Plasma Development --
10-7-3. Plasma Etching without Development -- 10-7-4. Outlook for Dry Development -- 10-8. Practical Development of Resists -- 11. Postbake -- 11-1. Introduction -- 11-2. Physical Chemistry of Postbake -- 11-2-1. Adhesion -- 11-2-2.
Melting -- 11-3. Chemical Reactions in Postbake -- 11-4. Other Methods of Hardening DQN -- 11-5. Practical Postbaking -- 11-6. Summary and Outlook -- 12. Additive Processes -- 12-1. Introduction -- 12-2. Single-Layer Resist for Resist
Processes -- 12-3. DQN for Lift-off -- 12-4. Lift-off with PMMA Films -- 12-5. Single-Film Lift-off with Shallow-Profile Resists -- 12-6. Summary and Outlook of Single Films -- 12-7. Double-Layer Resist -- 12-7-1. Developer Transfer
Bilayer Resist -- 12-7-2. Optical Dual-Layer Resist -- 12-7-3. Dual-Layer Plasma Etch Transfer -- 12-8. High-Temperature Lift-off -- 12-9. Summary and Outlook of Double-Layer Resists -- 12-10. Trilayer Resists -- 12-10-1. Planarizing
Layers -- 12-10-2. Barrier Layers -- 12-10-3. Image Layer -- 12-11. Practical MLR Processing -- 12-12. Metal Deposition and Lift-off -- 12-12-1. Resist Profile and Lift-off -- 12-12-2. Resist Thickness and Lift-off -- 12-13. Lift-ofT
Process Control -- 12-14. Miscellaneous Additive Processes -- 12-15. Electroplating with Resists -- 12-16. Ion Implantation Resist Masking -- 13. Subtractive Etching -- 13-1. Introduction -- 13-1-1. General Principles of the Rate of
Etching -- 13-1-2. Phenomenological Mechanisms of Etching -- 13-2. Liquid Etching -- 13-2-1. SiO2 Liquid Etching -- 13-2-2. Wetting, Adhesion, and Undercutting -- 13-2-3. Surface Primers and Treatments -- 13-2-4. Stress in Resist Films
-- 13-3. Passivity in Etching SiO2 -- 13-4. Silicon Etching -- 13-5. Sandwich Etching -- 13-6. Aluminum Etching -- 13-6-1. Etchants for Aluminum -- 13-6-2. Electroetching -- 13-6-3. Summary -- 13-7. Practical Aspects of Wet Etching --
13-8. Troubleshooting Etching -- 13-8-1. Spray versus Static Etching -- 13-8-2. Other Etching Considerations -- 13-9. Modeling of Wet Etching -- 13-10. Outlook of Wet Etching -- 13-11. Introduction to Gas Etching -- 13-12. Aluminum
Etching -- 13-12-1. Introduction -- 13-12-2. Mechanism of A1 Etching -- 13-12-3. Selectivity of A1 Etching -- 13-12-4. Residue and Postetch Corrosion -- 13-12-5. Resist Hardening -- 13-12-6. Practical A1 Etching -- 13-12-7. Summary --
13-13. Silicon Etching -- 13-13-1. Introduction -- 13-13-2. Gas-Phase Etching -- 13-13-2-1. Thermal Gas-Phase Etching -- 13-13-2-2. Plasma Etching -- 13-13-2-3. Plasma Etch Rates of Radical Systems -- 13-13-2-4. Plasma Ion Etching --
13-13-2-5. Role of Plasma-Deposited Polymers -- 13-13-2-6. Gas-Phase Recombination Model -- 13-13-2-7. Role of Electrode in Etching -- 13-13-2-8. Summary of Plasma Etching Mechanisms -- 13-13-3. Selectivity -- 13-13-4. Etch Profiles
and Image Bias -- 13-13-4-1. Etch Profile Factors -- 13-13-4-2. Ion Transport Model -- 13-13-5. Uniformity of Plasma Etching -- 13-13-6. Plasma Etching Contamination -- 13-13-6-1. Sputtered Metals -- 13-13-6-2. Insulation Deposits --
13-13-6-3. Etch Residues -- 13-13-6-4. Radiation Damage -- 13-13-7. Applications of Plasma Processing -- 13-13-8. Loading Effects -- 13-13-9. Etch Rate and Endpoint Monitor -- 13-14. Summary and Outlook of Etching -- 14. Stripping of
Resists -- 14-1. Introduction -- 14-2. Liquid Stripping Formulations -- 14-2-1. Organic Solvent Strippers -- 14-2-1-1. Simple Solvent Strippers -- 14-2-1-2. Multiple Component Strippers -- 14-2-1-3. Surface Wetting Agents -- 14-2-2.
Typical Liquid Strippers -- 14-3. Water-Based Strippers -- 14-3-1. Acidic Strippers -- 14-3-2. Alkaline Strippers -- 14-4. Practical Aspects of Stripping -- 14-5. Plasma Gas Stripping of Resists -- 14-5-1. Reactants of Plasma Stripping
-- 14-5-2. Polymeric Reactants -- 14-5-3. Oxygen Plasma -- 14-5-4. Plasma Radiation Field -- 14-6. Kinetics of Stripping -- 14-6-1. Gas-Solid Interactions -- 14-6-2. Activation Energy of Stripping -- 14-6-3. Monitoring Plasma Stripping
-- 14-6-4. Resist Stripping Rates and Polymer Structure -- 14-7. Side Effects of Plasma Stripping -- 14-7-1. Detection of Damage -- 14-7-2. Prevention and Control of Damage -- 14-8. Plasma Stripping Apparatus -- 14-9. Miscellaneous
Stripping Techniques -- 14-10. Applications of Oxygen Plasma to Semiconductor Lithography -- 14-11. Outlook -- 15. Process Controls -- 15-1. General Process Considerations -- 15-2. Lithographic Process Automation -- 15-3. Resist
Material Controls -- 15-4. Resist Processing Controls -- 15-4-1. Exposure Controls -- 15-4-2. Development Process Controls -- 15-4-3. Etching Process Controls -- 15-5. Process Troubleshooting -- 15-6. Summary -- 16. Nonresist Processe
-- 16-1. Introduction -- 16-1-1. Elementary Considerations -- 16-1-2. Chemical and Thermal Energy Requirements -- 16-1-3. Laser Sources -- 16-2. Gas-Solid Photon-Induced Reactions -- 16-2-1. Deposition
ISBN:9781461308850
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Keywords: Engineering , Electrical engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Engineering , Electrical Engineering , Optical and Electronic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642827273:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VI
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (667 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82727-3
Contents:1. Georg-Maria Schwab: Early Endeavours in the Science of Catalysis -- References -- 2. The Life and Times of Paul H. Emmett -- 3. Three Decades of Catalysis by Metals -- 3.1 Bifunctional Catalysis -- 3.2 Characterization of Dispersed
Metals -- 3.2.1 Chemisorption Isotherms -- 3.2.2 Application of Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 3.2.3 Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance -- 3.3 Hydrocarbon Reactions on Metals -- 3.3.1 Hydrogenolysis -- 3.3.2
Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation -- 3.3.3 Isomerization -- 3.4 Bimetallic Catalysts -- 3.4.1 Metal Alloys as Catalysts -- 3.4.2 Bimetallic Aggregates of Immiscible Components -- 3.4.3 Bimetallic Clusters -- 3.5 Summary -- References
-- 4. Molecular Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis on Metal-Oxide Surfaces -- 4.1 Synthesis -- 4.2 Structure Determination by Physical Methods -- 4.2.1 Infrared Spectroscopy -- 4.2.2 Laser Raman Spectroscopy -- 4.2.3 Inelastic
Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy -- 4.2.4 Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy -- 4.2.5 Ultraviolet-Visible Reflectance Spectroscopy -- 4.2.6 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) -- 4.2.7 Temperature-Programmed
Decomposition -- 4.2.8 High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 4.2.9 Other Methods and General Points -- 4.3 Reactivity -- 4.4 Catalytic Activity -- 4.5 Supported Metals with Simple Structures Derived from Supported
Organometallics -- 4.6 Summary -- References -- 5. Catalysis by Molybdena-Alumina and Related Oxide Systems -- 5.1 Nature of the Catalyst -- 5.2 Nature of the Catalytic Centers -- 5.3 The Chemisorption of Hydrogen on the Catalytic
Centers -- 5.4 Relationships with Catalysis -- References -- 6. Structure and Catalytic Performance of Zeolites -- 6.1 Introduction to Zeolites -- 6.2 Some Structural Considerations -- 6.3 Fundamentals of Catalysis by Zeolites: A
Resumè -- 6.4 Converting a Zeolite to Its Catalytically Active Form -- 6.5 Influence of Intergrowths on Catalytic Performance -- 6.6 Siting and Energetics of Guest Species Inside Zeolite Catalysts -- 6.7 Evaluating Currently Unsolved
Zeolitic Structures -- 6.8 Analogy Between Zeolitic and Selective Oxidation Catalysts -- References -- 7. Structural Characterization of Molecules and Reaction Intermediates on Surfaces Using Synchrotron Radiation -- 7.1 Principles of
X-Ray Absorption -- 7.1.1 General Features -- 7.1.2 Surface Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 7.1.3 Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure -- 7.1.4 Apparatus -- 7.2 SEXAFS Studies of Polyatomic Adsorbates -- 7.2.1
Structure of Formate on the Cu{100} Surface -- 7.2.2 Structure of Formate on the Cu{110} Surface -- 7.2.3 Structure of Methoxy on the Cu{100} Surface -- 7.3 NEXAFS Studies of Polyatomic Adsorbates -- 7.3.1 Oxidation Intermediates on
Cu{100} and Cu{110} -- 7.3.2 Hydrocarbons on Pt{111} -- 7.3.3 Sulfur-Containing Hydrocarbons on Pt{111} -- 7.4 Conclusions and Outlook -- References -- 8. Effects of Surface Impurities in Chemisorption and Catalysis -- 8.1 Experimental
Details -- 8.2 Discussion -- 8.2.1 Electronegative Impurities -- a) Chemisorption -- b) Catalytic Activity -- c) Catalytic Selectivity -- 8.2.2 Electroneutral Impurities -- a) Copper Overlayer Structure -- b) Chemisorption -- c)
Catalytic Activity -- 8.2.3 Electropositive Impurities -- a) Chemisorption -- b) Carbon Monoxide Dissociation Kinetics -- c) Methanation Kinetics -- d) Promotion of Higher Hydrocarbon Formation -- e) Electronic Compensation Effects --
8.2.4 Related Theory -- 8.3 Conclusions -- References -- 9. Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Weakly Chemisorbed Phases -- 9.1 Evaluation of the Isosteric Heat and Entropy of Adsorption -- 9.2 Correlation Between Thermodynamic and Kinetic
Experiments -- 9.3 Structural and Thermodynamic Data on Weakly Chemisorbed Phases -- 9.3.1 Phase Diagram for N2 Adsorbed on Ni{110} and Data for N2 on Ni {100} -- 9.3.2 The Isosteric Heat of Adsorption and the Entropy in the Adsorbed
Phase for N2/Ni{110} and N2/NHIOO} -- 9.3.3 Carbon Monoxide on Low-Index Copper Single Surfaces -- 9.3.4 Thermodynamic Measurements at Very Small Coverages -- 9.4 Kinetics in Weakly Adsorbed Phases -- 9.4.1 Adsorption and Desorption
Kinetics -- 9.4.2 Chemical Reactions in Weakly Chemisorbed Phases -- 9.5 Summary -- References -- 10. Kinetic and Spectroscopic Investigations of Surface Chemical Processes -- 10.1 Experimental Methods -- 10.2 Kinetic Studies of
Methanol Decomposition on Ni{111} -- 10.2.1 Isothermal Decomposition of Methanol on Clean Ni{111} -- 10.2.2 Steady-State Kinetics of Methanol Decomposition on Ni {111} -- 10.3 Scanning Kinetic Spectroscopy (SKS) Methods for the Study
of the Decomposition of Alcohols on Ni{111} -- 10.3.1 Rationale for the SKS Method -- 10.3.2 Methanol Decomposition on Ni{111} —SKS Measurements -- 10.3.3 Ethanol Decomposition on Ni{111} Using SKS -- 10.4 Summary of Results --
References -- 11. Raman Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Molecules -- 11.1 Unenhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Molecules -- 11.1.1 Surface Electromagnetic Fields -- 11.1.2 Angle-Resolved Surface Raman Scattering -- 11.1.3 Selection Rules
-- 11.1.4 Examples -- 11.2 Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy -- 11.2.1 Electromagnetic Enhancement -- 11.2.2 Chemical Enhancement -- 11.3 Future Work -- References -- 12. The Time-of-Flight Atom-Probe and Its Application to Surface
Analysis and Gas-Surface Interactions -- 12.1 The Time-of-Flight Atom-Probe -- 12.1.1 Basic Principles -- 12.1.2 Mass Resolution -- 12.1.3 Pulsed High-Voltage Atom-Probes -- 12.1.4 The Pulsed-Laser Time-of-Flight Atom-Probe -- 12.1.5 A
Statistical Method of Counting Single Ions -- 12.1.6 Imaging Atom-Probes -- 12.1.7 A Method for Ion-Reaction-Time Amplification -- 12.2 Structural and Compositional Analysis of Solid Surfaces -- 12.2.1 Atomic Structures of Emitter
Surfaces -- 12.2.2 Compositional Analysis of Surface Atomic Layers: Alloy Segregations and Impurity Segregation -- 12.3 Gas-Surface Interactions -- 12.3.1 Field Adsorption -- 12.3.2 Surface Reactivity in the Formation of H3 -- 12.3.3
Atomic Steps and Reaction Intermediates in Ammonia Synthesis -- 12.4 Ion-Reaction-Time Measurement — Field Dissociation by Atomic Tunneling -- 12.5 Summary -- References -- 13. Field Emission Microscopy—Trends and Perspectives -- 13.1
Historical Background -- 13.2 Some Comments Related to Curved and Planar Surfaces -- 13.3 Field-Electron Emission Microscopy -- 13.3.1 Conceptual -- 13.3.2 The Microscopy -- a) The Microscope -- b) Magnification -- c) Contrast -- d)
Resolution -- e) The Specimen -- f) Criteria for a Clean Surface -- g) Specimen Materials -- 13.3.3 Selected Field-Electron Emission Microscopy Research -- a) Visibility of Atomic and Molecular Objects -- b) Surface Diffusion -- c)
Nucleation and Crystal Growth -- d) Cleaning Platinum Field Emitters -- e) Electron Energy Distributions -- 13.4 Field-Ion Microscopy -- 13.4.1 The Microscopy -- a) The Microscope -- b) The Image -- c) More About Field Evaporation --
d) The Specimen -- 13.4.2 Selected Field-Ion Microscopy Research -- a) Surface Diffusion -- b) Clean-Surface bcc{001} Atomic Structure -- 13.5 Summary and Future Outlook -- References -- 14. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy -- 14.1
Introduction -- 14.2 Experimental Considerations -- 14.3 Tunnel Current and Tunnel Barrier -- 14.3.1 Basic Model Calculations and Approximations -- 14.3.2 Calculations for Nonplanar Tip-Surface Geometries -- 14.3.3 The Effect of the
Image Potential -- 14.3.4 Resolution of the STM -- 14.3.5 Sample Conductivity -- 14.3.6 Effect of Adsorbates -- 14.4 Surface Microscopy -- 14.4.1 Topography of Flat Surfaces -- 14.4.2 Periodic Structures of Single-Crystalline Surfaces
-- 14.4.3 Surface Defects -- 14.4.4 Reactivity and Stability of Surfaces -- 14.4.5 Non-Surface-Science Applications of the STM -- 14.4.6 Surface Diffusion and Surface Mobility -- 14.5 Tunneling Spectroscopy -- 14.5.1 Valence Band
Spectroscopy -- 14.5.2 Resonant Tunneling -- 14.5.3 Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy -- 14.5.4 The Work Function and Work Function Images -- 14.6 Conclusions -- References -- 15. High-Resolution Electron Microscopy in Surface Science --
15.1 Imaging Methods -- 15.1.1 Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 15.1.2 Reflection Electron Microscopy -- 15.2 Instrumentation and Accessories -- 15.3 Survey of Results -- 15.3.1 Bright-Field Transmission Electron Microscopy --
15.3.2 Dark-Field Transmission Electron Microscopy -- 15.3.3 Reflection Electron Microscopy -- 15.3.4 Profile Imaging -- 15.3.5 Dynamic Processes -- 15.3.6 Image Contrast Calculations -- 15.4 Perspective and Outlook -- 15.5 Further
Reading -- References -- 16. Surface Electronic States -- 16.1 Experimental Techniques -- 16.2 Valence Electronic States: Ideal Surfaces -- 16.3 Valence States: New Developments -- 16.4 Core Levels: Surfaces and Interfaces in
Technology -- References -- 17. The Use of Spin-Polarized Electrons in Surface Analysis -- 17.1 Introduction to Spin-Polarized Electrons -- 17.2 Nonmagnetic Materials -- 17.2.1 Electron Diffraction -- 17.2.2 Application of
Spin-Polarized LEED: Spin-Polarization Detectors -- 17.2.3 Photoemission -- 17.2.4 Application of Spin-Polarized Photoemission: Polarized Electron Sources -- 17.3 Magnetic Materials -- 17.3.1 Elastic Electron Scattering -- 17.3.2
Secondary Electron Emission and Magnetic Structure Analysis -- 17.3.3 Electronic Structure and Stoner Excitations -- 17.4 Conclusion -- References -- 18. Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy -- 18.1 Historical Overview -- 18.2
Instrumentation -- 18.3 Density of States -- 18.4 Band Structures and Surface States -- 18.5 Adsorbate States -- 18.6 Summary and Outlook -- References -- 19. The Structure of Surfaces -- 19.1 Structure of the GaAs{lll}-(2 x2) Surface
-- 19.1.1 Reconstruction Mechanisms on the GaAsdll} Surface -- 19.1.2 Vacancy-Buckling Model of GaAs{lll}-(2×2) -- 19.2 Structure of the GaAs{110}-(l ×1) Surface -- 19.2.1 Surface Relaxation on the {110} Surface -- 19.2.2 Value of the
? Tilt Angle o
ISBN:9783642827273
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 5
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Materials , Physics , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642820854:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface Studies with Lasers Proceedings of the International Conference, Mauterndorf, Austria, March 9–11, 1983
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (244 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-82085-4
Contents:I General Surface Spectroscopy -- Overview of Vibrational Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Atoms and Molecules -- Molecular Vibrations at Surfaces -- Electronically Excited States of Adsorbates on Metal Surfaces -- II Surface Enhanced Optical
Processes -- Normal (Unenhanced) Raman Scattering from Pyridine Adsorbed on the Low-Index Faces of Silver -- Evidence of “SERS Active Sites” of Atomic Scale -- The Charge Transfer Contribution. to Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering --
Contributions of Charge Transfer Complexes and Photochemical Effects to SERS at a Silver Electrode -- SER Scattering by Metal Colloids -- SERS Detected Adsorption of Guanine on Small Particles of Colloidal Silver -- Surface Enhanced
Optical Processes -- Nonlinear Optical Detection of Adsorbed Monolayers -- Distance Dependence of Surface Enhanced Luminescence -- Picosecond Fluorescence Decay of Dye Molecules Adsorbed to Small Metal Particles -- Electromagnetic
Resonances and Enhanced Nonlinear Optical Effects -- Enhanced Raman Scattering from a Dielectric Sphere -- Enhanced Raman Scattering from a Periodic Monolayer of Dielectric Spheres -- Effect of Hydrodynamic Dispersion of the Metal on
Surface Plasmons and Surface Enhanced Phenomena in Spherical Geometries -- III Laser Surface Spectroscopy -- Surface Studies by Infrared Laser Photoacoustic Spectroscopy -- Catalytic Oxidation of NH3 on a Polycrystalline Pt Surface
Studied by Laser Induced Fluorescence -- Water Oxidation Processes at n-PtS2 and n-RuS2-Semiconductor Surfaces Studied with ns-Pulse Lasers -- Persistent Spectral Hole Burning of Selectively Laser-Excited, Adsorbed Dyes and Their
Interactions with Surfaces -- Measurement of Weak Optical Absorption at Surfaces Using Lateral Waves -- Fermi Level Pinning on Clean and Covered GaAs(110) Surfaces Studied by Electric-Field Induced Raman Scattering -- Brillouin
Scattering Study of Surface Magnons in Single Crystal Iron Films Epitaxially Grown on GaAs -- Influence of Surface Morphology on Photoelectrochemistry of Silicon Arsenide -- Scattering of NO Molecules from Surfaces -- IV Laser Induced
Surface Processes -- Molecular Photoion Production Processes Induced by Surface Laser Radiation -- Laser Photoreactions of Volatile Surface-Adsorbed Molecules -- Laser Induced Chemical Vapor Deposition -- Laser Doping of Silicon by the
Dissociation of Metal Alkyls -- Laser Induced Oxidation of Silicon Surfaces -- Surface Processes in Semiconductors Under Pulsed Laser Excitation -- Instability of Liquid Metal Surfaces Under Intense Infrared Irradiation -- Generation
of Surface Microstructure in Metals and Semiconductors by Short Pulse CO2 Lasers -- Laser Induced Process on Electrode/Electrolyte Interfaces -- Laser-Pulse Induced Field Desorption of Small Molecules -- Momentum Distribution of
Molecules Desorbed by Vibrational Excitation with Laser Infrared -- Threshold Laser Intensity for Light Induced Surface Desorption -- Surface Phenomena Induced on Metals by Powerful CO2 Laser Radiation -- On Molecular Orientability on
a Fine Porous Surface -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642820854
Series:eBooks
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Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics: 33
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642691560:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Implantation: Equipment and Techniques Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference Berchtesgaden, Fed. Rep. of Germany, September 13–17, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (558 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-69156-0
Contents:I Ion Implanters -- Physical Limitations of Ion Implantation Equipment (With 16 Figures) -- A New Ion Implanter for Solar-Cell Fabrication (With 7 Figures) -- SURIM – A Westinghouse Surface Implantation Machine (With 8 Figures) -- A
New Research Implanter at the University of Surrey (With 4 Figures) -- Radio Frequency Ion Accelerator (With 6 Figures) -- II Ion Sources -- Performance of the Bethge-Baumann Ion Source with Radio Frequency Operation (With 1 Figures)
-- Emittance Measurements on an Indirectly Heated Heavy-Ion Source (With 3 Figures) -- A High-Brightness Duoplasmatron Ion Source (With 2 Figures) -- Optimization of a Single-Aperture Extraction System for High-Current Ion Sources
(With 9 Figures) -- Development of a High-Current Ion Source for Non-Volatile Elements (With 5 Figures) -- The Use of Computers for Designing and Testing Ion Beam Systems (With 23 Figures) -- Multipole Ion Source for Ion Implantation
and Isotope Separation (With 5 Figures) -- An Ion Source for Semiconductor Implantation (With 7 Figures) -- III Implanter Subsystems -- High Throughput Wafer Handling System for Serial Process Ion Implantation (With 13 Figures) --
Comparison of Beam Scanning Systems (With 16 Figures) -- A Low-Internal-Resistance and High-Precision High-Voltage Power Supply (With 5 Figures) -- Electrostatic Switch Used for 600 kV Ion Implanter (With 6 Figures) -- Automatic Wafer
Handling for a Mechanically Scanned Ion Implanter (With 3 Figures) -- On-Line Control of Production Ion Implanters Using Standard Desk Computers (With 3 Figures) -- A Forty-Channel Optical-Fiber Telecommunication System for
Manipulation of High-Voltage Terminals in Ion Implanters (With 3 Figures) -- Low-Cost Analog Signal Fiber Link with 300 kV Isolation (With 3 Figures) -- Improvements in the Vacuum System of a VDG Accelerator Used for Clean Ion
Implantation (With 3 Figures) -- IV Special Implantation Techniques -- High Temperature Implantation of Powders Using a Horizontal Ion Beam (With 2 Figures) -- A Technique for Implanting Dopant Distributions in Solids (With 5 Figures)
-- Wafer Cooling and Photoresist Masking Problems in Ion Implantation (With 18 Figures) -- Electron-Beam-Induced Recoil Implantation in Semiconductors at 300 K (With 10 Figures) -- Wafer Cooling in Ion Implantation (With 8 Figures) --
A Rotating Attenuator for Concentration Profiling of Implanted Helium Ions (With 6 Figures) -- V Ion Beam Lithography -- Ion-Beam Lithography (With 11 Figures) -- Development Characteristics of Ga+ Exposed PMMA and Associated
Lithographic Resolution Limits (With 5 Figures) -- Simulation of the Lithographic Properties of Ion-Beam Resists (With 6 Figures) -- Deposition of Masking Films by Ion-Beam Induced Polymerization (With 4 Figures) -- VI Measuring
Techniques -- Dosimetry and Beam Quality (With 21 Figures) -- A New Facility for Ion Beam Surface Analysis (With 6 Figures) -- Non-Destructive Techniques for Measuring the Parameters of Low-Energy Continuous Ion Beams (With 5 Figures)
-- Investigation of the Lifetime of Photocurrent Carriers in Si During Ion Implantation (With 5 Figures) -- A Mössbauer Spectrometer for in situ Low Temperature Studies of Ion-Bombarded Metals (With 4 Figures) -- Background in (n, p)
and (n, ?) Spectrometry (With 6 Figures) -- Monitoring of X-Y-Scan Quality by Amorphization Contrast on Silicon Wafers (With 4 Figures) -- VII Implantation into Metals -- Techniques and Equipment for Implantation into Metals (With 7
Figures) -- Nitriding of Steels: Conventional Processes and Ion Implantation (With 5 Figures) -- Effect of Ion Mixing on the Wear Behaviour of Silver (With 4 Figures) -- Methods to Control Target Heating During Ion Implantation (With 5
Figures) -- VIII Implantation into Semiconductors -- New Applications of Ion Implantation in Silicon Processing (With 14 Figures) -- Limitations of Ion Implantation in MOS Technology (With 13 Figures) -- Implant Processes for Bipolar
Product Manufacturing and Their Effects on Device Yield (With 16 Figures) -- Buried Silicon-Nitride Layers Formed by Nitrogen-Ion Implantation and High-Temperature Annealing (With 5 Figures) -- Combined Boron and Aluminum Implantation
for High-Voltage Devices (With 4 Figures) -- Deep Implanted Layers of Boron in Silicon (With 5 Figures) -- Planar Channelling of Si Implants in GaAs (With 4 Figures) -- Application of High-Current Ion-Implantation Systems in
Semiconductor Device Technology (With 6 Figures) -- Implantation Doping of Germanium with Be, Mg, Zn, and B Ions (With 7 Figures) -- Low Energy Implantation of Nitrogen and Ammonia into Silicon (With 12 Figures) -- Doping Behavior of
Implanted Magnesium in Silicon (With 11 Figures) -- IX Transient Annealing -- Beam Annealing of Ion-Implanted Silicon (With 16 Figures) -- Radiation Annealing of Silicon-Implanted GaAs with a CW Xe Arc Lamp (With 7 Figures) --
Pulse-Laser-Induced Epitaxial Regrowth of Ion-Implanted Semiconductors (With 15 Figures) -- CO2 Laser Annealing of Ion-Implanted Silicon: Relaxation Characteristics of Metastable Concentrations (With 6 Figures) -- Rapid Isothermal
Annealing for Semiconductor Applications: Aspects of Equipment Design (With 5 Figures) -- Investigation of Polysilicon Implantation Under Thermal and Laser Annealing (With 8 Figures) -- CW-CO2-Laser Alloying of Au-Ge-Ni Ohmic Contacts
on GaAs (With 7 Figures) -- Photoluminescence of Ion-Implanted Gallium Arsenide After Laser Annealing (With 7 Figures) -- Channeling and High-Resolution Backscattering Studies of Laser-Annealed Low-Energy Arsenic-Implanted Silicon
(With 8 Figures) -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642691560
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Electrophysics: 11
Keywords: Physics , Crystallography , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Crystallography , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781468488784:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Collective Excitations in Solids
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (716 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-8878-4
Contents:Quantum Mechanical Description of Solids -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Adiabatic Approximation -- III. HartreeFock Approximation -- IV. Electronic Bands in Crystals -- V. Lattice Dynamics as Collective Excitations: Phonons --
VI. Collective Excitations of Electrons: Plasmons -- VII. Extrinsic States -- VIII. Some Effects of Applied Stress -- IX. Conclusions -- References -- to Collective Excitations in Solids -- Abstract -- I. Interactions in a TwoLevel
System -- II. Collective Excitations -- III. Interaction of Radiation with Collective Excitations -- IV. Propagation of Radiation in a Dispersive Medium -- V. Examples of Collective Excitations -- References -- Quasi-Particles and
Excitons: Models of Structure and Correlation -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Basic Concepts of Quantum Field Theory -- III. Models -- IV. Conclusions -- References -- Coherent Wavepackets of Phonons -- Abstract -- I.
OneDimensional Elastic Line -- II. Beyond the Model of a Chain of Masses and Springs -- III. Motion of a Pulse in the Classical Limit -- IV. Motion of a Pulse in Quantum Mechanics -- V. Birth and Death of a Pulse -- References --
Appendix A: The Coherent States -- Appendix B: The Poisson Distribution -- References -- to Exciton Physics -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Electronic Structure -- III. Interactions with Phonons -- IV. Interactions with Photons
-- V. Kinetics and Dynamics at Low and Intermediate Densities -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Excitons in Semiconductors -- Abstract -- I. Basic Properties of the Free Exciton -- II. Introduction to Bound Excitons -- III. Bound
Exciton Satellite Structure -- IV. High Excitation Intensity Effects -- References -- Excitons in Insulators -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Theoretical and Experimental Background -- III. Excitons in Alkali Halides -- IV.
Excitons in Rare Gas Solids -- V. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Inelastic Scattering of Fast Particles by Plasmons -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Bulk and Surface Plasmon Hamiltonian -- III. Charge Particle Spectroscopies
of Plasmons -- References -- From Magnons to Solitons -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Magnons -- III. MagnonMagnon Forces -- IV. TwoMagnon Bound States -- V. ManyBody Scattering Theory -- VI. XY Model: A Model Antiferromagnet --
VII. Heisenberg Antiferromagnet: Ground State -- VIII. Some Consequences -- IX. Effects of Surfaces on Magnons -- X. Magnons vs. Solitons -- XI. Soliton Solutions -- References -- Quasiparticles in Magnetic Metals -- Abstract -- I.
Introduction -- II. Low Density Electron Gas -- III. Criterion for Magnetic Ground State -- IV. Quasiparticles -- V. Nearly HalfFilled Band: Nagaoka’s Theory -- VI. Two or More Magnetic SubBands -- VII. Magnons in Metals -- VIII.
Antiferromagnetism in Metals -- Polaritons -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. Bulk Polariton Linear Response -- III. Experiments on Bulk Polaritons -- IV. Surface Polariton Linear Response -- V. Experiments on Surface Polaritons --
VI. Conclusion -- References 49 -- Polarons -- Abstract -- I. Introduction -- II. The LandauPekar StrongCoupling Theory -- III. FieldTheory Formalism, Fröhlich’s Hamiltonian and WeakCoupling Theory -- IV. Other Methods for Large
(Fröhlich) Polarons -- V. Small Polarons and SelfTrapping -- References -- Long Seminars -- Surface Collective Excitations -- Collective Excitations in Concentrated Mn2+ Systems: Spectral Properties -- Optical Dynamics in Concentrated
Mn2+ Systems -- Spectroscopy of Stoichiometric Laser Materials: Excitons or Incoherent Transfers? -- Exciton-Hole Droplets in Semiconductors -- Excitons and Plasmons: Collective Excitations in Semiconductors -- Picosecond Exciton
Phenomena in Chlorophyll Complexes (Abstract only) -- Bose-Einstein Statics in Exciton Systems -- Small Polarons in Biological Systems (Abstract only) -- Short Seminars (Abstracts) -- Perspectives of Free Electron Lasers in Solids --
The Dispersion Curves of Excitonic Polaritons and Their Distortion with Increasing Density -- Motion of a Magnon Soliton About a Phonon Soliton in a Onedimensional Ferromagnet -- Interconfiguration Fluctuations -- Luminescence of Mn2+
IN RbMnxMg1xF3 -- Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on the Luminescence Spectra of the S2 Centre and the EPR of This S2 Centre for the Crystal Scapolite -- On the Calculation of Polaron Wavefunction in the Static Electronlattice Coupling
-- Semiconductor Surface Inversion Layers and Their Collective Modes -- Concluding Article -- Present Trends in Collective Excitations in Solids -- Contributors
ISBN:9781468488784
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Science Institute Series: 88
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Physics , Solid State Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436747:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Applied Solid State Physics Topics in the Applications of Semiconductors, Superconductors, and the Nonlinear Optical Properties of Solids
Author(s): Richard Dalven
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (330 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3674-7
Contents:1. Review of Semiconductor Physics -- Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors -- Band Structure Diagrams -- Holes in Semiconductors -- Effective Mass of Carriers in Semiconductors -- Conductivity of Semiconductors -- Carrier Density in
an Intrinsic Semiconductor -- Impurity Conductivity (Extrinsic Conductivity) -- Fermi Level Position in Extrinsic Semiconductors -- Carrier Lifetime in Semiconductors -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 2.
The Semiconductor p-n Junction -- Qualitative Discussion of the p-n Junction in Equilibrium -- Quantitative Treatment of the p-n Junction in Equilibrium -- Effect of an Applied Potential on Electron Energy Bands -- Diffusion and
Recombination of Excess Carriers -- Qualitative Discussion of a Junction under an Applied Potential -- Qualitative Discussion of Current Flow in the Biased Junction -- Quantitative Treatment of Carrier Injection in the Junction --
Calculation of the Current through the Junction -- Majority and Minority Carrier Components of the Junction Current -- Summary of the Basic Physics of the p-n Junction -- Reverse Breakdown in p-n Junctions -- Other Topics on p-n
Junctions -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 3. Semiconductor p-n Junction Devices -- Semiconductor p-n Junction Diodes -- The Bipolar Junction Transistor -- Amplification in the Bipolar Transistor --
Current Gain in the Bipolar Transistor -- Circuit Configurations for Amplification with the Bipolar Transistor -- Quantitative Discussion of the Bipolar Transistor -- Summary of the Physics of Amplification in the Bipolar Transistor --
Tunnel Diodes -- The Junction Field Effect Transistor (jfet) -- Physical Basis of the Current-Voltage Characteristic of the jfet -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 4. Physics of Metal-Semiconductor and
Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Junctions -- The Metal-Semiconductor Junction at Equilibrium -- Effect of an Applied Potential on the Metal-Semiconductor Junction -- Physics of the Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Structure -- Problems --
References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 5. Metal-Semiconductor and Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Devices -- Metal-Semiconductor (Schottky) Diodes -- The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (igfet) -- The Induced-Channel
mosfet -- Summary of the Physics of Field-Effect Transistors -- Applications of the mosfet -- Charge-Coupled Devices -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 6. Other Semiconductor Devices -- Semiconductor Surface
States -- Band Structure at the Semiconductor Surface -- Calculation of the Amount e?s of Band Bending -- Effect of Surface States on Metal-Semiconductor Contacts -- Photoemission from Semiconductors -- Effect of the Surface on
Photoemission -- Negative Electron Affinity in Semiconductors -- Physics of the Transferred Electron (Gunn) Effect -- Physics of Amorphous Semiconductors -- Amorphous Semiconductor Devices -- Problems -- References and Comments --
Suggested Reading -- 7. Detectors and Generators of Electromagnetic Radiation -- Intrinsic Photon Absorption in Semiconductors -- Photon Absorption by Bound States of Impurities in Semiconductors -- Threshold Energies for Photon
Absorption -- Photoconductivity in Semiconductors -- Photodiodes -- Photovoltaic Devices -- Other Applications of Intrinsic Photoconductivity -- Summary on Semiconductor Photon Detectors -- Emission of Photons in Semiconductors -- p-n
Junction Luminescence -- Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation -- Solid State Lasers -- Semiconductor Injection Lasers -- Summary on Solid State Lasers -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 8.
Superconductive Devices and Materials -- Review of Some Aspects of Superconductivity -- Wave Function of the Condensed Phase of Pairs -- The Josephson Effects -- Physics of the DC Josephson Effect -- Physics of the AC Josephson Effect
-- Voltage-Current Curves for Josephson Junctions -- Effect of Electromagnetic Radiation on the Junction -- Quantization of Magnetic Flux in a Superconducting Ring -- Superconducting Quantum Interference -- The Superconducting Quantum
Interference Device (Squid) -- Superconducting Materials: The Transition Temperature -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- 9. Physics and Applications of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of Solids -- Review of
Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Solids -- Electric Polarization in an Isotropic Linear Dielectric Solid -- Nonlinear Polarization and Nonlinear Susceptibility -- Anharmonic Oscillator Model of a Nonlinear Solid -- Summary of the
Physical Picture of Nonlinear Polarization -- Tensor Nature of the Nonlinear Susceptibility -- Solid State Physics Factors Affecting the Nonlinear Susceptibility -- Magnitude of the Nonlinear Susceptibility -- Wave Equation for the
Nonlinear Crystal -- Wave Propagation and Interaction in a Nonlinear Crystal -- Optical Second Harmonic Generation -- Phase Matching (Index Matching) in Second Harmonic Generation -- Frequency Mixing and Up-Conversion -- Parametric
Amplification -- Summary -- Problems -- References and Comments -- Suggested Reading -- Appendix: References on Some Other Topics -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468436747
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1979-9781461573500:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Light Scattering in Solids Proceedings of the Second Joint USA-USSR Symposium
Author(s):
Date:1979
Size:1 online resource (536 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7350-0
Contents:Section I Hydrodynamic Instabilities and Critical Phenomena -- To Scale or not to Scale? — The Puzzle at the Lambda Point of Liquid 4He -- Transition to Turbulence in Couette-Taylor Flow -- Hydrodynamic Instabilities and Turbulence --
Light Scattering from Gels and a Single Polymer Chain near Phase Transitions -- Interferometric Studies of Thick Film Critical Behavior -- Section II Physics in Two Dimensions and Defects -- Melting and Liquid Crystals in Two
Dimensions -- Light Scattering Studies of Molecular Orientation Fluctuations in Two Dimensions -- Multiphonon Boundary of the Excitation Spectrum -- Raman Scattering Spectra of Proustite and Pyrargyrite Crystals in Low Temperature
Phases -- Finite Field Local Field Catastrophe — Application to the Spectra of KCNxCl1?x -- The Effect of Long Range Fluctuations in Impurity Potential on the Electron Light Scattering in Heavily Doped Semiconductors -- Resonant
Scattering and Trapping of 29 cm?1 Acoustic Phonons in Ruby Crystals -- Section III Non-Local and Transient Phenomena -- Some Aspects of the Theory of Surface Polaritons -- Recent Developments in Non-Local Optics -- Resonant Brillouin
Scattering of Exciton Polaritons -- Ultraslow Optical Dephasing of Pr3+:LaF3 -- Picosecond Raman Gain Studies of Molecular Vibrations on a Surface -- Section IV Spins and Excitons -- Brillouin-Mandelstam Scattering of Light in
Antiferromagnetic CoCO3 -- Observation of Pure Spin Diffusion Without Charge Transport by Spin Flip Raman Scattering -- Spin-Flip Scattering from Photoexcited Excitons in SiC -- The Scattering of Light by Spin Waves on Ferromagnetic
Surfaces -- Relaxation of Energy and Polarization in the Resonant Secondary Emission Spectra of Semiconductors -- Resonant Raman Scattering from Stress-Split Forbidden Excitons in CU2O -- Low Frequency Exciton and Raman Scattering
Spectra of CoCO3 -- Theoretical and Experimental Determinations of Raman Scattering Cross Sections in Simple Solids -- Section V Resonance Scattering and Charge Excitations -- Resonant Secondary Emission by Impurities in Crystals --
The Raman Scattering and Hot Luminescence of Self-Trapping Excitons -- Phenomenological Description of Light Scattering and Thermal Radiation -- Raman Scattering from Plasmon-Phonon Coupled Modes in GaP -- Interaction Between Localized
Carriers in the Accumulation Layer and Extended Bulk LO Phonons in InSb and GaSb: Raman Interference Lineshapes -- Inelastic Light Scattering by the Two Dimensional Electrons in Semiconductor Heterojunction Superlattices -- On the
Distinction Between Resonant Scattering and Hot Luminescence: Application of Theory to Experiment -- Section VI Phase Transitions -- Light Scattering Near Structural Phase Transition Points in Pure Crystals and in Crystals Containing
Defects -- Raman Scattering From Charge Density Waves and Superconducting Gap Excitations in 2H-TaSe2 and 2H-NbSe2 -- Quasielastic Light Scattering Near Structural Phase Transitions -- High Resolution X-Ray and Light Scattering
Spectroscopy of Liquid Crystals -- Optics and Electrooptics of Chiral Smectics -- The Size, Shape and Polydisperity of Micelles of Amphiphillic Molecules -- Resonance Raman Studies of Visual Pigments -- A Nanosecond Probe of Hemoglobin
Dynamics Using Time Resolved Resonance Raman Scattering -- Section VII Multi-Photon Spectroscopy -- Recent Results in Four-Photon Spectroscopy of Condensed Media -- Recent Progress in Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy in Crystals --
Coherent Raman Ellipsometry of Liquid Water: New Data on the Vibrational Stretching Region -- Time Resolved Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering in Weakly Disordered Molecular Crystals -- Intense Light Resonance Scattering: Spectra
and Photon Correlations -- Section VIII Resonance Scattering and Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering -- Intensity Effects in Resonance Light Scattering -- The Spontaneous Diffraction of Light by Resonance Atoms -- Giant Raman Scattering
by Molecules Adsorbed on Metals: an Overview -- Raman Spectroscopy of Molecular Monolayers in Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy Junctions -- A Theory of “Giant Raman Scattering” by Adsorbed Molecules on Metal Surfaces --
Concluding Remarks -- Participants -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461573500
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781461340331:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Pollutants Detection and Measurement
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (500p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-4033-1
Contents:Welcoming Remarks -- Welcome from the Department of Radiation Biology and Biophysics -- Session I: Specification of Analytical Problems -- Air Pollutant Monitoring: Or How to Improve on an Ouija Board -- The Strategy for Cleaning Up
Our Waters -- European Aspects of Environmental Research and Legislation -- The Whole Animal as an Assay System -- Session II: More Familiar Principles -- Analysis of Atmospheric Pollutants of Possible Importance in Human
Carcinogenesis -- Ion-Selective Electrodes -- Ultratrace Metals Analysis by Electrothermal Atomization Atomic Absorption — Present Technology and Potential Developments -- Tanker Tragedies: Identifying the Source and Determining the
Fate of Petroleum in the Marine Environment -- Water Pollution Studies Using Raman Spectroscopy -- Session III: Methods for Field Use -- Passive Sampling of Ambient and Work Place Atmospheres by Means of Gas Permeation -- The
Continuous Measurement of Sulfur-Containing Aerosols by Flame Photometry: A Laboratory Study -- Tunable Diode Laser Detection of Air Pollutants -- An Evaluation of Lasers for Ambient Air Pollution Measurement -- Session IV: High
Spatial Resolution Microprobe Methods -- Methods of Microprobe Analysis -- Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy and its Application in Environmental Science -- Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy: A New Microanalytical Tecnique?
-- Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry for Particulate Analysis -- Surface Chemical Analysis of Particles by Auger Electron Spectroscopy and ESCA -- Session V: Physical Analytical Methods -- Size Measurement of Airborne Particulates by
Time-of-Flight Spectroscopy -- Continuous Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Environmental Pollutants Using Surface Ionization -- Observation of the Raman Effect from Small Single Particles: Its Use in the Chemical Identification of
Airborne Particulates -- X-Ray Analysis of Environmental Pollutants -- Modern Techniques of Activation Analysis for the Measurement of Environmental Trace Metals -- Participants
ISBN:9781461340331
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 13
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9781461341963:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Implantation in Semiconductors 1976
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (754 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-4196-3
Contents:Silicon Implantation -- Annealing Behaviors of Phosphorus Implanted in Silicon -- Sheet Resistivity and Hall Effect Measurements of Aluminium Implanted Silicon and Silicon Films on Sapphire -- Annealing of Room Temperature Implants of
Indium in Silicon -- Electrical and Electron Microscope Studies of Boron Molecular Ion Implants Into Silicon -- Properties of Amorphous Silicon Layers Formed by Ion Implantation and Vapor Deposition -- Enhanced and Inhibited Oxidation
of Implanted Silicon -- High Dose Implantation of Au and Cu into Si Studied by Auger Electron and Backscattering Spectroscopies -- Defects Introduced Into Silicon by Boron Implantation in the MeV Energy Range -- GaAs --
Vacancy-Impurity Complexes in Implanted and High Temperature Annealed n-GaAs -- Sulfur Ion Implantation in Gallium Arsenide -- Radiotracer Profiles in Sulfur Implanted GaAs -- Electrical Properties of Cd- and Te-Implanted GaAs --
Characteristics of Implanted n-Type Profiles in GaAs Annealed in a Controlled Atmosphere -- Photoluminescence of Cd-Ion Implanted GaAs -- Some Structural and Electrical Characteristics of GaAs Annealed After Implantation With Be, Mg,
Zn and Cd -- Impurity Distribution of Ion-Implanted Be in GaAs by SIMS, Photoluminescence, and Electrical Profiling -- Dual Species Ion Implantation Into GaAs -- Lateral Spread of the Proton Isolation Layer in GaAs -- Metals --
Metallurgical Applications of Ion Implantation -- Solubility Enhancement in Ion Implanted Cu Alloys -- Dose Rate Effects in a Precipitation Hardened Nickel-Aluminium Alloy -- AlSb Preciptate Evolution During Sb Implantation in Al:
Experiment and Theory -- Formation of Corrosion-Resistant Surface Alloys by Implantation of Low-Energy Chromium and Nickel Ions Into Polycrystalline Iron -- Ion Implantation Induced Disorder in Ni Studied by Rutherford Backscattering
and Electron Microscopy -- Nitrogen Implantation into Molybdenum: Superconducting Properties and Compound Formation -- Ion Trapping, Sputtering and Structural Changes in O2+ and N2+ Bombardment of Polycrystalline Aluminium Films --
Implantation of Co into Aluminum: Damage and Lattice Location Studies -- Dechanneling by Dislocations in Zn-Implanted Al -- Insulators -- Ion-Implantation in Piezoelectric Substrates -- Association of the 6-eV Optical Band in Sapphire
with Oxygen Vacancies -- Thermoluminescence of Ion-Implanted SiO2 -- Studies of Radiation Damage Produced by Ion Implantation in Sapphire -- The Structure Damage, Phase Formation and Si Depth Distribution in the Implanted Natural
Diamond -- Expansion of Thermally Grown SiO2 Thin Films Upon Irradiation With Energetic Ions -- Recoil Implantation -- Recoil Implantation -- Application of the Boltzmann Transport Equation to the Calculation of Range Profiles and
Recoil Implantation in Multilayered Media -- Preferential Sputtering and Recoil Implantation During Depth Profiling -- The Influence of Recoil Implantation of Absorbed Oxygen on the Entrapment of Xenon in Aluminum and Silicon --
Formation of Highly-Doped Thin Layers by Using Knock-on Effect -- H. Ishiwara, S. Furukawa -- Damage Production and Annealing in Ion Implanted Si-SiO2 Structure as Studied by EPR -- Anomalous Residual Defects in Silicon After Annealing
of Through-Oxide Phosphorus Implantations -- Silicon Damage -- Divacancy Formation by Polyatomic Ion Implantation -- Investigation of Ion Implantation Damage with X-Ray Double Reflection -- EPR Study of Oxygen-Implanted Silicon -- EPR
of the Lattice Damage From Energetic Si in Silicon at 4 K -- Internal Friction Study of Vacancy-Oxygen Centers in Ion-Implanted Silicon -- Annealing of Defects in Ion Implanted Layers by Pulsed Laser Radiation -- Annealing Behavior of
Proton Bombardment Damage in P-Type Silicon -- Residual Damage in Silicon Implanted and Post-Annealed Silicon -- Recovery of Radiation Damage Produced by Phosphorus Implantation in Silicon: T.E.M. and Proton Back-Scattering Analysis --
Radiation Damage of 50–250 keV Hydrogen Ions in Silicon -- Anomalous Annealing Behavior of Secondary Defects in Si Implanted with As Ions Through Dielectric Layer -- Analysis of Defect Structures in Recrystallized Amorphous Layers of
Self-Ion Irradiated Silicon by Channeling and Transmission Electron Microscopy Measurements -- Dependence of Residual Damage in “Through-Oxide” Implants on Substrate Orientation and Anneal Sequence -- Devices -- Use of Ion Implantation
in Device Fabrication at Hitachi CRL -- Sb+-Implanted Buried Layer Beneath Thick Oxide Applied for Vertical FET -- Ion Implanted Solar Cells -- The Electrical Effects of Radiation Damage Near the Interface of Schottky Barrier Contacts
-- Novel Microfabrication Process Without Lithography Using an Ion-Projection System -- Compound Semiconductors -- Formation of New Radiative Recombination Centers in AlXGal-XAs by Nitrogen-Ion Implantation -- Effects of Dual
Implantations and Annealing Atmosphere on Lattice Locations and Atom Profiles of Sn and Sb Implanted in GaP -- Implantation of Be, Cd, Mg and Zn in GaAs and GaAs l-XPX -- Effects of Electrically and Optically Inactive Ion Implantation
in N-GaAsl-X_XPX (x?0.37) on Photoluminescent Properties -- Electrical and Photoluminescence Properties of Be-Implanted GaAs and GaAs0.62 P0. 38 -- Ag-Ion Implantation into ZnSe -- Resistance Control of SnO2 Films by Ion Implantation
-- Ion-Bombardment of Amorphous Semiconductors and Related Evolution of Structural and Electrical Properties -- MIS Structure in As+ Implanted CdS -- Long Range Migration of Defects During Low Temperature Boron Implantation in ZnTe --
Profiles -- Structural Rearrangement in Dielectric Films Under Ion Bombardment -- About the Determination of Lattice Defects in Backscattering Experiments -- Heavy Ion Ranges in Silicon and Aluminium -- Range Distributions and
Electronic Stopping Powers of Energetic 14N+ Ions -- A Theoretical Approach to the Calculation of Impurity Profiles for Annealed, Ion-Implanted B in Si -- Boron Profiles and Diffusion Behavior in SiO2-Si Structures -- Anomalous
Redistribution of Ion-Implanted Dopants
ISBN:9781461341963
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9781461589969:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic Collisions in Solids Volume 2
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (463 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-8996-9
Contents:of Volume 2 -- Section VI: Electrons, Photons, and Channeling -- Radiative Electron Capture and Bremsstrahlung -- Radiative Electron Capture by Channeled Oxygen Ions -- The Influence of Channeling on the Shape and Intensity of
Doppler-Broadened Spectral Lines Produced by Light Ion Bombardment of Metals -- Optical Line and Broad-Band Emission from Ion-Bombarded Targets -- Reduction of the Characteristic Radiation Due to the Channeling Effect -- Electron
Channeling in Si, Ag and Au Crystals -- Emission of Electrons and Positrons from Crystals — Directional Effects -- Channeling of 25 MeV Positrons and Electrons -- The Channeling-Blocking Effect of Energetic Electrons -- Coherent Photon
Emission by Fast Particle Excited Atoms in Electromagnetic Field -- Effect of the Levels of the Transverse Motion of Electrons on the Electromagnetic Processes in Monocrystals -- Section VII: Surface Scattering -- Medium-Energy Ion
Scattering by Crystal Surfaces -- Some Directional Effects in Forward Ion Scattering by Crystal Surfaces -- On the Scattering of Low Energy H+ and He+ Ions from a (001) Copper Surface -- Influence of Thermal Lattice Vibrations on
Multiple Ion Scattering -- X-Ray Production and Energy Loss in Low-Angle Ion Scattering at Solid Surfaces -- Surface Scattering of Low Energy Ions -- Hybrid Computational Studies of Elastic Scattering of Atoms -- Sputtering of
Condensed Gases by Proton Bombardment -- The Angular Distribution of Fast Charged Particles Reflected by the Surface of a Single Crystal -- Section VIII: Channeling -- Hyperchanneling -- Channeling Studies of Alkali Halides --
Molecular Ion Transmission Through a Monocrystalline Thin Film -- A Combination of Dechanneling and Energy Measurements of Protons in Thin Silicon Single Crystals -- Flux Peaking, Dechanneling Cross Section, and Detection Probability
in Channeling and Blocking Experiments from Computer Simulations and Analytical Models -- Analysis of Blocking Lifetime Experiments -- Channeling, Blocking, and Range Measurements Using Thermal Neutron Induced Reactions -- Experimental
Investigation of the Reversibility Rule at Non Zero Depth -- Effect of Reaction Time on the Minimum Yields of Axial and Planar Blockings -- High Index Planar Channeling in Silicon -- Section IX: Channeling -- Double Planar Alignment
Scattering with a Very Thin Crystal -- Axial and Planar Channeling in TiOx System -- Energy Dependence of the Surface Minimum Yield for Axial Channeling -- Experimental Study and Stochastic Interpretation of Oscillatory Effects in
Backscattering Spectra in Planar Channeling -- Interstital Atom Location in Silicon by Single and Double Alignment Backscattering of MeV Helium Ions -- Section X: Dechanneling -- Validity of the Statistical Equilibrium Hypothesis for
Channeling -- Axial Dechanneling, I. A Theoretical Study -- Axial Dechanneling, II. An Experimental Study -- Dechanneling and Rechanneling Calculations -- Modified Dechanneling Theory and Diffusion Coefficients -- Inelastic Scattering
in Channeling -- Channeling in a Non Perfect Crystal -- Transmission Energy Spectra of Channeled Protons Scattered in Thin Silicon Films -- Interference Decrease of Elastic Scattering of Fast Charged Particles in Single Crystals
ISBN:9781461589969
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781461595977:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Oxide Handbook
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (524 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-9597-7
Contents:I. General Data, Stoichiometry, and Crystal Chemical Properties -- 1. Electronic Structure of Isolated Atoms -- 2. Ionization Potentials of Atoms -- 3. Geometric Constants of Atoms and Ions -- 4. Composition of Oxides -- 5. Regions of
Homogeneity -- 6. Crystal Structure -- 7. Density -- II. Thermal and Thermodynamic Properties -- 1. Standard Heat of Formation -- 2. Entropy -- 3. Free Energy of Formation of Oxides -- 4. Thermodynamic Potentials of Oxide Formation
Reactions -- 5. Melting and Boiling Points -- 6. Heats of Fusion, Evaporation, and Sublimation -- 7. Thermal Conductivity -- 8. Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion -- 9. Molar Heat Capacity -- 10. Specific Heat Capacity -- 11. Heat
of Combustion -- 12. Chemical Bond Energy (Heat of Dissociation) -- 13. Heat of Decomposition -- 14. Heat of Phase Change -- 15. Temperature and Heat of Polymorphic Conversion -- 16. Characteristic Temperature -- 17. Crystal Lattice
Energy -- 18. Oxidation Rates -- 19. Diffusion Parameters for Oxygen into Metals and Nonmetals -- 20. Diffusion Parameters for Elements into Oxides -- 21. Rate of Evaporation -- 22. Vapor Pressure -- 23. Dissociation Pressure -- 24.
Thermal Stability Characteristics -- 25. Free Energy Function of Gaseous Oxides -- III. Mechanical Properties -- 1. Modulus of Normal Elasticity -- 2. Shear Modulus -- 3. Poisson’s Ratio -- 4. Tensile Strength -- 5. Compressive
Strength -- 6. Bending Strength -- 7. Dynamic Viscosity -- 8. Hardness on Mineralogical Scale -- 9. Microhardness -- 10. Compressibility -- 11. Elastic Constants -- IV. Electrical and Magnetic Properties -- 1. Electrical Conductivity
-- 2. Thermoelectric Properties -- 3. Galvanomagnetic Properties -- 4. Magnetic Properties -- 5. Thermal Emission Properties -- 6. Width of Forbidden Band -- 7. Dielectric Properties -- V. Optical Properties -- 1. Color of Oxides -- 2.
Emissivity -- 3. Refractive Index -- 4. Velocity of Sound in Oxides -- 5. Molecular Data -- 6. Van der Waals Constants -- 7. Critical Properties -- VI. Nuclear Properties -- 1. Nuclear Properties of Oxides -- 2. Effect of Fast Neutron
Radiation on Oxides -- Chpater VII. Chemical and Catalytic Properties -- 1. Chemical Properties of Oxides -- 2. Catalytic Properties of Oxides -- VIII. Refractory Properties -- 1. Solid Phase Reactions of Oxides -- 2. Wetting of Oxides
by Liquid Metals -- 3. Resistance to the Action of Molten Metals, Alloys, and Slags -- IX. Applications of Oxides in Technology -- X. Phase Diagrams of Element-Oxygen Binary Systems -- References
ISBN:9781461595977
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Materials science , Materials Science , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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