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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD METROLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/4248.3 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword metrology ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319465517:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Metrology, Imaging, and Communication
Author(s): David S Simon
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 273 p. 105 illus., 68 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Quantum Optics and Entanglement -- Two-Photon Interference- Aberration and Dispersion Cancelation -- Quantum Metrology -- Polarization Mode Dispersion -- Ghost Imaging and Related Topics -- Quantum Microscopy -- Correlated and
Entangled Orbital Angular Momentum -- Quantum Communication and Cryptography -- Appendices A: Review of Optics -- B: Optical Fields in Quantum Mechanics -- C: Optical Effects of Aberration and Turbulence -- D: Phase Matching in
Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion -- E: Vectorial Scattering Analysis of the Twin-Photon Microscope
ISBN:9783319465517
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Optics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:9781608077779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Terahertz metrology
Author(s): Mira Naftaly
Date:2015
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers -- Photoconductive Emitters and Detectors -- Optical Rectification -- Electro-Optic Detection -- Terahertz Air-Based Coherent Detection -- Cherenkov (Tilted Wavefront) Emitters and Detectors -- Continuou s-Wave Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometer and Microwave Photonics -- Types of Continuous-Wave Terahertz Emitters and Detectors -- Time-Domain Spectrometer Configurations -- Transmission -- Reflection -- Attenuated Total Reflection -- Asynchronous Optical Sampling -- Substrate Lenses -- Commercial Systems -- Parameter Extraction in Time-Domain . Chapter 2 Spectrometers -- Material Properties and Wave Propagation -- Complex Refractive Index and Complex Permittivity -- Plane Wave Propagation Across an Interf ace.Fresnel Equations -- Plane Wave Propagation Through a Dielectric Slab -- Fabry-Perot Effect -- Extracting Optical Parameters from Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers Data -- Transmission-mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Approximation -- Trans mission-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Exact Solution -- Reflection-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Single Reflection -- Reflection-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Double Reflection -- Attenuated Total Reflection -- Preproce ssing and Postprocessing of Data -- Signal Averaging in the Time and Frequency Domains -- Signal Denoising -- Phase Unwrapping -- Sample Requirements -- Sample Thickness -- Lateral Dimensions of Samples -- Loss: Absorption, Scattering, Diffraction
Chapter 3 Metrology for Time-Domain Spectrometers -- Performance Parameters: Sensitivity, Resolution, Precision, Accuracy, Dynamic Range, and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers -- System Performance Limits Due to Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Frequency Resolution -- Measurement Bandwidth -- Sources of Random Noise -- Amplitude -- Phase -- Systematic Errors -- Alignment Errors -- Focal Plane Defocusing -- Delay Line Err ors -- Terahertz Beam Profile -- Chapter 4 Evaluation of Uncertainty in Time-Domain Spectroscopy -- Method of Uncertainty Evaluation -- Evaluation of Random and Systematic Errors -- Propagation and Combination of Measurement Uncertainty -- Measurement wit h Resolution Limit -- Sources of Uncertainty in Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy -- Random and Systematic Errors in Amplitude -- Random and Systematic Errors in Sample Thickness -- Random and Systematic Errors in Sample Alignment -- Systematic Error in the Approximated Transfer Function -- Systematic Error Due to Reflections -- Systematic Error in Physical Constants -- Uncertainty in Optical Constants: A Combination of Variances
Chapter 5 Metrology for Fourier Transform Spectrometers -- Spectrometer Configurations -- Michelson -- Mach-Zender -- Polarized Fourier Transform Spectrometer (Martin-Pupplett Interferometer) -- Modes of Operation: Step and Integrate or Fast Scannin g -- Moving Stage -- General Fourier Transform Spectrometer Advantages -- Fourier Transform Spectrometer Metrology -- Encoders, Synchronizing, and Time-Stamping -- Instrument Line Function: A Spectral Resolution Limitation -- Apodization -- Cosine and Sin e Terms and Phase Correction Techniques -- Achievable Spectral Resolution -- Sample Measurement Parameter Recovery -- Thin Sample Approximation: Lossless Case -- Dispersive Medium -- Thick Sample Analysis (or Noncollimated Measurement) -- Absorption Coeff icients -- Sources of Noise and Uncertainties -- Time-Domain Errors -- (Software) Noise Reduction Techniques -- Chapter 6 Terahertz Spectrometer Calibration -- Why Calibrate Terahertz Spectrometers -- Frequency Calibration -- Gases -- Solids -- Resonant M esh Filters -- Etalons -- Summary of Frequency Calibration Standards -- Amplitude Linearity Calibration -- Reflection Standards
Chapter 7 Terahertz Imaging -- Image Resolution of a Terahertz Imaging System -- Data Analysis in the Far Field -- Imaging Thin Layers -- Spatial Resolution Tests -- Near-Field Imaging -- Chemical Imaging -- Focal Plane Array Microbolometer Cameras -- Chapter 8 Metrology for Vector Network Analyzers -- Vector Network Analyzers -- The Role of a Network Analyzer -- Scattering Parameters -- Vector Network Analyzer Systems -- Extender Heads -- Good Practice Tips -- Metallic Waveguides -- Basic Properti es -- Dispersion -- Standardized Sizes and Frequency Ranges -- Flanges/Interfaces -- Good Practice Tips -- Calibration Standards and Methods -- Calibration: General Principles -- Types of Calibration Standard -- One-Port Calibration Methods -- Two-Port Ca libration Methods -- Connection Repeatability -- System Verification -- Chapter 9 Terahertz Optics -- Terahertz Optical Materials -- Transparency at Terahertz Frequencies -- Inorganic Crystals for Terahertz Optics -- Polymers for Terahertz Optics -- Metal Reflectivities -- Gaussian Optics -- Gaussian Beams -- Parabolic Mirrors -- Dichroic Optical Elements -- Terahertz Transparent/Visible Opaque -- Terahertz Opaque/Visible Transparent -- Terahertz Reflective/Visible Transparent -- Terahertz Transparent/Vis ible Reflective -- Wire-Grid Polarizers -- Antireflection Coatings -- Photonic Crystal Fibers and Terahertz . Waveguides
Chapter 10 Terahertz Laser Sources -- Optically Pumped Gas Lasers -- P-Germanium Laser -- Quantum Cascade Lasers -- Pulsed Difference Frequency Generation -- High-Resolution Frequency Measurements Using Continuous-Wave Difference Frequency Generatio n -- Optical Parametric Oscillators -- Free Electron Lasers -- Chapter 11 Electronic Sources of Terahertz Radiation and Terahertz Detectors -- Electronic Sources of Terahertz Radiation: Introduction and Terminology -- Vacuum Electronic Sources -- Backward Wave Oscillators -- Extended Interaction Klystrons -- Solid-State Devices -- Gunn Diodes and IMPATT Oscillators and Amplifiers -- Transistor Amplifiers -- Frequency Multiplied Sources -- Source Characteristics Summary -- Detectors of Terahertz Radiation: Introduction and Terminology . Incoherent Detectors -- Golay Cell -- Pyroelectric Detectors -- Room-Temperature Bolometers -- Cryogenic Bolometers -- Photoconductive Detectors -- Semiconductor Diode Rectifiers -- Thermopiles -- Incoherent Detector Summar y -- Coherent Detectors: Introduction -- Schottky Diode Mixers -- Frequency Measurement
ISBN:9781608077762
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech ebooks
Keywords: Terahertz spectroscopy. , Metrology. , Terahertz technology.
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Call number:9781439849460:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:100 Years of Superconductivity (electronic resource)
Author(s): Peter H. Kes (ed.)
Date:2012
Publisher:Boca Raton : CRC Press
Size:1 online resource (830 p.)
Contents:1. Early history -- 2. Theory -- 3. Experiments -- 4. Materials -- 5. SQUIDs and detectors -- 6. Qubits -- 7. Digital electronics -- 8. Microwave applications -- 9. Quantum metrology -- 10. Medical applications -- 11. Wires and tapes -- 12. Large scale applications.
ISBN:9781439849460
Series:CRCnetBASE eBook platform
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Superconductors
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Call number:3527412654:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Metrology - Foundation of Units and Measurements
Author(s): Goebel
Date:2015
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (233 p.)
ISBN:9783527412655
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:3527411674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Practical Guide to Optical Metrology for Thin Films
Author(s): Quinten
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (225 p.)
ISBN:9783527411672
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:3527411526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fringe Pattern Analysis for Optical Metrology - Theory, Algorithms, and Applications
Author(s): Servin
Date:2014
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (345 p.)
ISBN:9783527411528
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:3527410643:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Imaging and Metrology - Advanced Technologies
Author(s): Osten
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (503 p.)
ISBN:9783527410644
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:3527409572:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Speckle Metrology and Related Techniques
Author(s): Kaufmann
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (328 p.)
ISBN:9783527409570
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:3527408878:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-fast Material Metrology
Author(s): Horn
Date:2009
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (223 p.)
ISBN:9783527408870
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:3527340394:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metrology and Standardization of Nanotechnology - Protocols and Industrial Innovations
Author(s): Mansfield
Date:2017
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (627 p.)
ISBN:9783527340392
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Materials Science
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Call number:352729614X:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Comprehensive Mass Metrology
Author(s): Kochsiek
Date:2000
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (562 p.)
ISBN:9783527296149
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:1905209517:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metrology in Industry: The Key for Quality
Author(s): French College
Date:2006
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (271 p.)
ISBN:9781905209514
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:1848213980:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Metrology in Fluid Mechanics: Granulometry,temperature and concentration measurements
Author(s): Boutier
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (369 p.)
ISBN:9781848213982
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:1848211880:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Metrology for Manufacturing Engineering
Author(s): Grous
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (545 p.)
ISBN:9781848211889
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Industrial Engineering
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Call number:1848210485:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transverse Disciplines in Metrology
Author(s): French College
Date:2009
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (814 p.)
ISBN:9781848210486
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:1119961696:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Performance-Based Gear Metrology - Kinematic- Transmission- Error Computation and Diagnosis
Author(s): Mark
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (289 p.)
ISBN:9781119961697
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:0470978694:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Holography for MEMS and Microsystem Metrology
Author(s): Asundi
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (233 p.)
ISBN:9780470978696
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:0470843004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Metrology 3e
Author(s): Gasvik
Date:2002
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (373 p.)
ISBN:9780470843000
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:0470597208:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Software Metrics and Software Metrology
Author(s): Abran
Date:2010
Publisher:Wiley-IEEE Computer Society Pr
Size:1 online resource (349 p.)
ISBN:9780470597200
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: General Computing
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Call number:TK7874.76.C53::1998 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Characterization and metrology for ULSI technology : 1998 International conference, Gaithersburg, Maryland, March 1998
Author(s): D.G. Seiler
Date:1998
Publisher:American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y
Size:960
Note:AIP Conference Proceedings eBook platform
ISBN:1563967537
Series:AIP Conf.Proc.449
Series:e-Books
Keywords: Integrated circuits Congresses. Ultra large scale integration , Conference proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9784431557562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles and Methods of Quantum Information Technologies
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (226 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-55756-2
Contents:Quantum Information Theory for Quantum Communication -- Quantum Communication for the Ultimate Capacity and Security -- Quantum Communication Experiments Over Optical Fiber -- Spin-photon Entanglement in Semiconductor Quantum Dots:
Towards Solid-state-based Quantum Repeaters -- Optical Lattice Clocks for Precision Time and Frequency Metrology -- Cold Atom Magnetometers -- Photonic Quantum Metrologies Using Photons -phase Super-sensitivity and
Entanglement-enhanced Imaging -- Counting Statistics of Single-electron Transport -- Some Recent Progress for approximation algorithms -- Coherent Computing with Injection-Locked Laser Network -- A Degenerate Optical Parametric
Oscillator Network for Coherent Computation -- Coherent Ising Machines with Quantum Measurement and Feedback Control -- Bose-Einstein Condensation: A Common Platform for Quantum Simulation Experiments -- Quantum Simulation Using
Ultracold Ytterbium Atoms in an Optical Lattice -- Quantum Simulation with Trapped Ions―Experimental Realization of the Jaynes-Cummings-Hubbard Model― -- Equilibrium to Nonequilibrium Condensation in Driven-dissipative Semiconductor
Systems -- High-orbital Exciton-polariton Condensation: Towards Quantum-simulator Applications -- Layered Architectures for Quantum Computers and Quantum Repeaters -- Analysis of an Atom-optical Architecture for Quantum Computation --
Optical Hybrid Quantum Information Processing -- Microwave Photonics on a Chip: Superconducting Circuits as Artificial Atoms for Quantum Information Processing.- Achievements and Outlook of Research on Quantum Information Systems using
Superconducting Quantum Circuits -- Parametric amplifier and oscillator based on Josephson junction circuitry -- Superconductor-Diamond Hybrid Quantum System -- Spin Qubits with Semiconductor Quantum Dots -- Silicon Quantum Information
Processing -- Quantum Information Processing Experiments using Nuclear and Electron Spins in Molecules -- Molecular Spin Qubits: Molecular Optimization of Synthetic Spin Qubits, Molecular Spin AQC and Ensemble Spin Manipulation
Technology
ISBN:9784431557562
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 911
Keywords: Physics , Computers , Quantum computers , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics , Theory of Computation , Quantum Optics , Quantum Computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319395319:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metrology and Physical Mechanisms in New Generation Ionic Devices
Author(s): Umberto Celano
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (18 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39531-9
Contents:Introduction -- Filamentary-Based Resistive Switching -- Nanoscaled Electrical Characterization -- Conductive Filaments: Formation, Observation and Manipulation -- Three-Dimensional Filament Observation -- Reliability Threats in CBRAM
-- Conclusions and Outlook.
ISBN:9783319395319
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Nanotechnology , Materials science , Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Nanotechnology and Microengineering , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319301372:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoptics 2015 Revised Selected Papers
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (30 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30137-2
Contents:From the Contents: OPTICS -- Fiber Optics -- Biomedical Optics -- Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging -- Optical Instrumentation -- Optics in Astronomy and Astrophysics -- Spectroscopy, Imaging and Metrology -- Optical
Communications and Networking -- Artificial Vision -- Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices
ISBN:9783319301372
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 181
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Lasers , Photonics , Microwaves , Optical engineering , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering , Optical and Electronic Materials , Optics and Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319273211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoptics 2014 Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology Revised Selected Papers
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (61 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27321-1
Contents:From the Contents: Optics -- Fiber Optics -- Biomedical Optics -- Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging -- Optical Instrumentation -- Optics in Astronomy and Astrophysics -- Spectroscopy, Imaging and Metrology -- Optical
Communications and Networking -- Artificial Vision -- Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices -- System Reliability and Security -- Optical Materials
ISBN:9783319273211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 177
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Lasers , Photonics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Microwaves , Optical engineering , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642452017:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Physics in Particle Traps [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wolfgang Quint
Manuel Vogel
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume provides detailed insight into the field of precision spectroscopy and fundamental physics with particles confined in traps. It comprises experiments with electrons and positrons, protons and antiprotons, antimatterand highly charged ions , together with corresponding theoretical background. Such investigations represent stringent tests of quantum electrodynamics and the Standard model, antiparticle and antimatter research, test of fundamentalsymmetries, constants, and their possible varia tions with time and space. They are key to various aspects within metrology such as mass measurements and time standards, as well as promising to further developments in quantuminformation processing. The reader obtains a valuable source of information su ited for beginners and experts with an interest in fundamental studies using particle traps
Contents:Precise Matter and Antimatter Tests of the Standard Model with e
, e+, p, p and H(G. Gabrielse, S. Fogwell Hoogerheide, J. Dorr and E. Novitski)
Theory of Anomalous Magnetic Dipole Moments of the Electron (M. Hayakawa)
Magnetic Moment of the Bound Electron (M. Vogel and W. Quint)
QED Theory of the Bound
Electron Magnetic Moment (D.A. Glazov, A.V. Volotka, V.M. Shabaev, and G. Plunien)
The Magnetic Moments of the Proton and the Antiproton (S. Ulmer and C. Smorra)
Fundamental Physics with Antihydrogen (J.S. Hangst)
High
precision Mass Measurements of Radionuclides with Pennin
ISBN:9783642452017
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v256
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319061573:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantitative Recombination and Transport Properties in Silicon from Dynamic Luminescence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Johannes Giesecke
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Harmonically modulated luminescence combines the advantages of highly sensitive luminescence metrology with an immediate dynamic access to carrier lifetime in semiconductors at a minimum of required a priori information. Thepresent work covers theore tical, conceptual, and experimental advances of the harmonically modulated luminescence technique. Theoretical constraints of dynamic carrier lifetime techniques are rigorously elaborated, including the proofof their differential nature and their characte ristics at nonuniform spatial distributions of recombination rate. The pathway toward a unified, reliable, and versatile harmonically modulated carrier lifetime metrology is delineated -covering the entire solar cell production chain from bare ingots to f inished solar cells. Accurate access to miscellaneous relevant recombination and transport properties via harmonically modulated luminescence is demonstrated andexperimentally validated, embracing injection-dependent carrier lifetimes at extremely low inj ection conditions, a spatially resolved carrier lifetime calibration of luminescence images, and accurate approaches to both net dopantconcentration and minority carrier mobility
Contents:Introduction
Solar Cell Operation
Dynamics of Charge Carriers
Luminescence of Silicon
Harmonically Modulated Lifetime
Constraints of Dynamic Carrier Lifetime Techniques
Evolution of the Experimental Setup
Conceptual Advances: Recombination Properties
Conceptual Advances: Transport Properties
Summary and Outlook
ISBN:9783319061573
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electric engineering , Renewable energy sources , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319040639:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Information and Coherence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Erika Andersson
Patrik hberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This bookoffers an introduction toten key topics in quantum information science and quantum coherent phenomena, aimed at graduate-student level. The chapters cover some of the most recent developments in this dynamic researchfield where theoretical a nd experimental physics, combined with computer science, provide a fascinating arena for groundbreaking new concepts in information processing. The bookaddresses both the theoretical and experimental aspectsof the subject, and clearly demonstrates how pro gress in experimental techniques has stimulated a great deal of theoretical effort and vice versa.Experiments are shifting from simply preparing and measuring quantum states tocontrolling and manipulating them, and the book outlines how the first real app lications, notably quantum key distribution for secure communication, are starting to emerge. The chapters cover quantum retrodiction, ultracold quantumgases in optical lattices, optomechanics, quantum algorithms, quantum key distribution, quantum control based on measurement, orbital angular momentum of light, entanglement theory, trapped ions and quantum metrology, and open quantumsystems subject to decoherence. The contributing authors have been chosen not just on the basis of their scientific expertis e, but also because of their ability to offer pedagogical and well-written contributions which will be ofinterest to students and established researchers
Contents:Quantum Retrodiction
Probling and Controlling Quantum Matter Using Ultracold Quantum Gases in Optical Lattices
Towards Macroscopic Superpositions via Single
Photon Optomechanics
An Introduction to Quantum Algorithms: A Physicist's Perspective
Quantum Key Distribution
Quantum Control Based On Measurement
Orbital Angular Momentum: Testbed for Quantum Mechanics
An Introduction to Entanglement Theory
An Introduction to Trapped Ions, Scalability and Quantum Metrology
Open Quantum Systems and Decoherence
ISBN:9783319040639
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Scottish Graduate Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783658015404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:All-Optical Noninvasive Delayed Feedback Control of Semiconductor Lasers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sylvia Schikora
Date:2013
Publisher:Wiesbaden : Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden : Imprint: Springer Spektrum
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The stabilization of unstable states hidden in the dynamics of a system, in particular the control of chaos, has received much attention in the last years. Sylvia Schikora for the first time applies a well-known control methodcalled delayed feedback control entirely in the all-optical domain. A multisection semiconductor laser receives optical feedback from an external Fabry-Perot interferometer. The control signal is a phase-tunable superposition of thelaser signal and provokes the laser to operate in an otherwise unstable periodic state with a period equal to the time delay. The control is noninvasive, because the reflected signal tends to zero when the target state is reached. The work has been awarded the Carl-Ramsauer-Prize 2012. Contents All- Optical Control Setup Stable States with Resonant Fabry-Perot Feedback Control of an Unstable StationaryState and of Unstable Selfpulsations Controlling Chaos Control of a Torsionfree Orbit Target Groups Researchers and students of nonlinear dynami cs or semiconductor lasertechnology, interested in the application of control synchronization in the GHz range Practitioners in the field of optical telecommunication The author Dr. Sylvia Schikora completed her doctoral thesis onultrafast noninvasive control of semiconductor lasers at the Department of Physics, Humboldt University of Berlin. She currently works at Humboldt University as a postdoctoral researcher with a focus on optical metrology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:All
Optical Control Setup
Stable States with Resonant Fabry
Perot Feedback
Control of an Unstable Stationary State
Control of Unstable Self
Pulsations
Controlling Chaos
Control of a Torsionfree Orbit
ISBN:9783658015404
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000176:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert Thomson
Christopher Leburn
Derryck Reid
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The field of ultrafast nonlinear optics is broad and multidisciplinary, and encompasses areas concerned with both the generation and measurement of ultrashort pulses of light, as well as those concerned with the applications ofsuch pulses. Ultrashort pulses are extreme events both in terms of their durations, and also the high peak powers which their short durations can facilitate. These extreme properties make them powerful experiment tools. On onehand, their ultrashort durations facilitate the pro bing and manipulation of matter on incredibly short timescales. On the other, their ultrashort durations can facilitate high peak powers which can drive highly nonlinear light-matterinteraction processes. Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics covers a complete range of topics, both applied and fundamental in nature, within the area of ultrafast nonlinear optics. Chapters 1 to 4 are concerned with the generation andmeasurement of ultrashort pulses. Chapters 5 to 7 are concerned with fundamental applications of ultras hort pulses in metrology and quantum control. Chapters 8 and 9 are concerned with ultrafast nonlinear optics in optical fibres.Chapters 10 to 13 are concerned with the applications of ultrashort pulses in areas such as particle acceleration, microscopy, a nd micromachining. The chapters are aimed at graduate-student level and are intended to provide the studentwith an accessible, self-contained and comprehensive gateway into each subject
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses
Ultra
Broadband Optical Parametric Amplifiers
Attosecond Generation and High Field Physics
Advances in Solid
State Ultrafast Laser Oscillators
Ultrafast Quantum Control in Atoms and Molecules
Femtosecond Optical Frequency Combs
Ultrafast Material Science Probed using Coherent X
Ray Pulses from High
Harmonic Generation
ISBN:9783319000176
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Scottish Graduate Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461467175:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evaluating Measurement Accuracy [electronic resource] : A Practical Approach
Author(s): Semyon G Rabinovich
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The goal of Evaluating Measurement Accuracy: A Practical Approach is to present methods for estimating the accuracy of measurements performed in industry, trade, and scientific research. From developing the theory of indirectmeasurements to proposing new methods of reduction, transformation, and enumeration, this work encompasses the full range of measurement data processing. It includes many examples that illustrate the application of general theory totypical problems encountered in measurement prac tice. As a result, the book serves as an inclusive reference work for data processing of all types of measurements: single and multiple, combined and simultaneous, direct (both linear andnonlinear), and indirect (both dependent and independent). It is a w orking tool for experimental scientists and engineers of all disciplines who work with instrumentation. It is also a good resource for natural science and engineeringstudents and for technicians performing measurements in industry. A key feature of the bo ok is a new general theory of measurements that is both well-grounded and oriented towards real-life needs of measurement practitioners. Althoughthe traditional theory focuses on multiple measurements, single measurements are the ones most commonly used. This book presents methods for evaluating accuracy of single measurements and answers other fundamental questions notaddressed adequately by the traditional theory, such as how to combine various components of measurement inaccuracy when evaluating the co mplete uncertainty of a measurement result. For its second edition, the book adds significant newmaterial to incorporate recent metrological developments and expand coverage, including: The new method of enumeration of experimental data processing for i ndependent indirect multiple measurements which isprecise and does not rely on questionable assumptions. The analysis of reliability of estimates of statistical pa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Concepts in the Theory of Measurements
Measuring Instruments and Their Properties
Statistical Methods for Experimental Data Processing
Direct Measurements
Indirect Measurements
Combined and Simultaneous Measurements
Combining the Results of Measurements
Examples of Measurements and Measurement Data Processing
The International Vocabulary of Metrology and the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement Analysis, Criticism, and Recommendations
ISBN:9781461467175
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: System safety , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461451761:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Coherent-Domain Optical Methods [electronic resource] : Biomedical Diagnostics, Environmental Monitoring, and Materials Science
Author(s): Valery V Tuchin
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of laser and coherent-domain methods as applied to biomedicine, environmental monitoring, and materials science. Worldwide leaders in these fields describe the fundamentals of lightinteraction with random media and present an overview of basic research. The latest results on coherent and polarization properties of light scattered by random media, including tissues and blood, speckles formation in multiplescattering media, and other non-destructive interac tions of coherent light with rough surfaces and tissues, allow the reader to understand the principles and applications of coherent diagnostic techniques. The expanded second editionhas been thoroughly updated with particular emphasis on novel coherent-do main techniques and their applications in medicine and environmental science. Volume 1 describes state-of-the-art methods of coherent and polarization opticalimaging, tomography and spectroscopy diffusion wave spectroscopy elastic, quasi-elastic and inela stic light scattering spectroscopy and imaging digital holographic microscopy, the Fourier transform light scattering method, andcoherent diffractive imaging wavefront sensing, aberration measurement and adaptive optics for ophthalmology and laser remote sensing. Volume 2 presents the new and growing field of coherent optics in optical coherence tomography(OCT). Various applications of OCT and confocal microscopy, including biomedical endoscopy, are discussed. A special section covers Mueller matrix polar imetry, nonlinear laser fluorescence spectroscopy, and triplet-triplet annihilationassisted upconversion as optical tools for probing the physical parameters of materials and natural organic compounds. Represents the only reference work offering integrate d coverage of coherent-domain optical methods for a wide rangeof applications involving strong light scattering Covers the fundamentals of light interaction with random media Describes specific int
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Volume 1
Preface
PART I: Speckle and polarization technologies
1. Light Correlation and Polarization in Multiply Scattering Media: Industrial and Biomedical Applications
2. Some Current Views on Metrology of Coherence and Polarization in Sight of Singular Optics
3. Statistical, Correlation and Topological Approaches in Diagnostics of the Structure and Physiological State of Birefringent Biological Tissues
4. Diffusing Wave Spectroscopy: Application for Blood Diagnostics
5. Laser Speckle Imaging of Cerebral Blood Flow
PART II: HOLOGRAPHY, INTERFEROMETRY, DIFFRACTIVE IM
ISBN:9781461451761
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Medicine , Spectroscopy , Biomedical engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781441982827:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Gas-Based Temperature and Pressure Measurements [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franco Pavese
Gianfranco Molinar Min Beciet
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This 2nd edition volume of Modern Gas-Based Temperature and Pressure Measurements follows the first publication in 1992. It collects a much larger set of information, reference data, and bibliography in temperature and pressuremetrology of gaseous su bstances, including the physical-chemical issues related to gaseous substances. The bookprovides solutions to practical applications where gases are used in different thermodynamic conditions. Modern Gas-BasedTemperature and Pressure Measurements, 2nd edi tion is the only comprehensive survey of methods for pressure measurement in gaseous media used in the medium-to-low pressure range closely connected with thermometry. It assembles currentinformation on thermometry and manometry that involve the use of ga seous substances which are likely to be valid methods for the future. As such, it is an important resource for the researcher. This edition is updated through the verylatest scientific and technical developments of gas-based temperature and pressure measu rements using thermometry and manometry, and brings all of the techniques together under one cover. This book fills the gap in internationalliterature, as no other recently published book provides a comprehensive survey for gaseous media closely connected with thermometry. Updates in this new edition include revised appendices and new chapters on Mutual RecognitionAgreement of the Comit International des Poids et Mesures and its main applications, and developments in the European Metrology Society
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The concept of temperature
Gas
based fixed points for thermometry
Gas thermometry between 0.5 K and 273.16 K
Vapor
pressure thermometry
Thermometry based on the melting line of 3He
Cryostats for thermometry and gas
based temperature control
Primary standards for pressure measurements
Pressure transducers for gaseous media
Gas based pressure fixed points
The thermomolecular pressure difference effect
The Mutual Recognition Arrangement and its implementation in Temperature and Pressure
Appendix A
The international Temperature Scale of 1990
Appendix B
List
ISBN:9781441982827
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Cryogenics Monograph Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847024274:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Imagine Math [electronic resource] : Between Culture and Mathematics
Author(s): Michele Emmer
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Imagine mathematics, imagine with the help of mathematics, imagine new worlds, new geometries, new forms.This bookis intended to contribute to grasping how much that is interesting and new is happening in the relationshipsbetween mathematics, imagina tion and culture. With a look at the past, at figures and events, that help to understand the phenomena of today. It is no coincidence that this volume contains an homage to the great Italian artist of the1700s, Andrea Pozzo, and his perspective views. Th eatre, art and architecture are the topics of choice, along with music, literature and cinema. No less important are applications of mathematics to medicine and economics. The treatmentis rigorous but captivating, detailed but full of evocations, an all-e mbracing look at the world of mathematics and culture
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Many Faces of Lorenz Knots by M. Abate
Lost in a Good Book: Jorge Borges Inescapable Labyrinth by W.G. Bloch
The Mobius Strip by E. Blondeau
The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in Human Sciences: The Attribution of Texts to Antonio Gramsci by D. Benedetto, E. Caglioti, M. Degli Esposti
Exactitude and Extravagance: Andrea Pozzos Viewpoint by F. Camerota
Numeracy, Metrology and Mathematics in Mesopotamia: Social and Cultural Practices by G. Chambon
The FantasticWorld of Tor Bled
Nam by M. Emmer
From Brigitte Bardot to Angelina Jolie by M. Emmer
ISBN:9788847024274
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642301087:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photomodulated Optical Reflectance [electronic resource] : A Fundamental Study Aimed at Non-Destructive Carrier Profiling in Silicon
Author(s): Janusz Bogdanowicz
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One of the critical issues in semiconductor technology is the precise electrical characterization of ultra-shallow junctions. Among the plethora of measurement techniques, the optical reflectance approach developed in this work isthe sole concept tha t does not require physical contact, making it suitable for non-invasive in-line metrology. This work develops extensively all the fundamental physical models of the photomodulated optical reflectance technique andintroduces novel approaches that extend i ts applicability from dose monitoring towards detailed carrier profile reconstruction. It represents a significant breakthrough in junction metrology with potential for industrialimplementation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory of Perturbation of the Reflectance
Theory of Perturbation of the Refractive Index
Theory of Carrier and Heat Transport in Homogeneously Doped Silicon
Extension of the Transport Theory to Ultra
Shallow Doped Silicon Layers
Assessment of the Model
Application of the Model to Carrier Profling
ISBN:9783642301087
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642296055:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Collisional Narrowing and Dynamical Decoupling in a Dense Ensemble of Cold Atoms [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yoav Sagi
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Ultra-cold atomic ensembles have emerged in recent years as a powerful tool in many-body physics research, quantum information science and metrology. This thesis presents an experimental and theoretical study of the coherentproperties of trapped atom ic ensembles at high densities, which are essential to many of the aforementioned applications. The study focuses on how inter-particle interactions modify the ensemble coherence dynamics, and whether it ispossible to extend the coherence time by means of external control. The thesis presents a theoretical model which explains the effect of elastic collision of the coherence dynamics and then reports on experiments which test this modelsuccessfully in the lab. Furthermore, the work includes the first impl ementation of dynamical decoupling with ultra-cold atomic ensembles. It is demonstrated experimentally that by using dynamical decoupling the coherence time can beextended 20-fold. This has a great potential to increase the usefulness of these ensembles f or quantum computation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Experimental Setup
Theoretical Framework
Spectral Narrowing due to Elastic Collisions
The Ensemble Spectrum with an Arbitrary Detuning Distribution
Motional Broadening in Ensembles with Heavy
tail Detuning Distribution
Suppression of Collisional Decoherence by Dynamical Decoupling
ISBN:9783642296055
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642287268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science VIII [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kaoru Yamanouchi
Mauro Nisoli
Wendell T Hill
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The PUILS series delivers up-to-date reviews of progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science, a newly emerging interdisciplinary research field spanning atomic and molecular physics, molecular science and optical science which hasbeen stimulated by th e recent developments in ultrafast laser technologies. Each volume compiles peer-reviewed articles authored by researchers at the forefront of each their own subfields of UILS. Every chapter opens with an overviewof the topics to be discussed, so that res earchers unfamiliar to the subfield as well as graduate students can grasp the importance and attractions of the research topic at hand. These are followed by reports of cutting-edgediscoveries. This eighth volume covers a broad range of topics from this interdisciplinary research field, focusing on molecules interacting with ultrashort and intense laser fields, advanced technologies for the characterization ofultrashort laser pulses and their applications, laser plasma formation and laser acceleration
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Probing electron dynamics in simple molecules with attosecond pulses
Enhanced ionization of molecules in mntense laser fields
Ultrafast optical gating by molecular alignment
Experiments in population trapping in atoms and molecules by an intense short laser pulse
Two
XUV
photon processes: A key instrument in attosecond pulse metrology and time domain applications
Controlling the motion of electronic wavepackets using cycle
sculpted two
color laser fields
Characterization of femtosecond laser filament
induced plasma and its applciation to asmospheric sensing
Cascaded laser
ISBN:9783642287268
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v103
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642256370:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spin Squeezing and Non-linear Atom Interferometry with Bose-Einstein Condensates [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Gro
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Interferometry, the most precise measurement technique known today, exploits the wave-like nature of the atoms or photons in the interferometer. As expected from the laws of quantum mechanics, the granular, particle-like featuresof the individually i ndependent atoms or photons are responsible for the precision limit, the shot noise limit. However this classical bound is not fundamental and it is the aim of quantum metrology to overcome it by employingentanglement among the particles.This workreports on the realization of spin-squeezed states suitable for atom interferometry. Spin squeezing was generated on the basis of motional and spin degrees of freedom, whereby the latterallowed the implementation of a full interferometer with quantum-enhanced pre cision
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Spin Squeezing, Entanglement and Quantum Metrology
Squeezing Two Mean Field Modes of a Bose
Einstein Condensate
Non
linear Interferometry Beyond the Standard Quantum Limit
Outlook
Appendices
ISBN:9783642256370
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642234125:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mass Metrology [electronic resource]
Author(s): S. V Gupta
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the practical aspects of mass measurements. Concepts of gravitational, inertial and conventional mass and details of the variation of acceleration of gravity are described. The Metric Convention andInternational Prototype Kilogram and BIPM standards are described. The effect of change of gravity on the indication of electronic balances is derived with respect of latitude, altitude and earth topography. The classification ofweights by OIML is discussed. Maximum permissible errors in different categories of weights prescribed by national and international organizations are presented. Starting with the necessity of redefining the unit kilogram in terms ofphysical constants, various methods of defining the kilogram in terms of physical constants are described. The kilogram can be defined by Avogadros constant, ion collection of some heavy elements, levitation, voltage and WattBalance. The detection of very small mass of the order of zeptogram through Nanotechnolgy is also discussed. La test recommendations of CIPM are given
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Some Important Definitions
Introduction
Other Probability Functions
Evaluation of Measurement Data
Propagation of Errors/Uncertainty
Uncertainty and Calibration of Instruments
Calculation of Uncertainty
Uncertainty in Calibration of a Surface Plat
Uncertainty in Calibration
Uncertainty in Volumetric Measurement
Uncertainty in Calibration of Electrical Instruments
ISBN:9783642234125
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v155
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mechanics, applied , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642234118:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mass Metrology [electronic resource]
Author(s): S. V. Gupta
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642234118
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science
Series:e-books
Keywords: Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642229848:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Graphene Nanoelectronics [electronic resource] : Metrology, Synthesis, Properties and Applications
Author(s): Hassan Raza
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Graphene is a perfectly two-dimensional single-atom thin membrane with zero bandgap. It has attracted huge attention due to its linear dispersion around the Dirac point, excellent transport properties, novel magneticcharacteristics, and low spin-orbi t coupling. Graphene and its nanostructures may have potential applications in spintronics, photonics, plasmonics and electronics. This book brings together a team of experts to provide an overview ofthe most advanced topics in theory, experiments, spectr oscopy and applications of graphene and its nanostructures. It covers the state-of-the-art in tutorial-like and review-like manner to make the book useful not only to experts, butalso newcomers and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Graphene
Epitaxy of Graphene on Metals
The Electronic Properties of Adsorbates on Graphene
PN Junction Devices in Graphene
Magneto
transport in Graphene Nanostructures
Modeling and Simulation: from Graphene Chemistry to Electronic circuits
Ab
initio Calculations of Graphene Oxide
Quantum to Boltzmann Transport in Graphene
Field
Modulation in Armchair Graphene Nanoribbons
Field
Modulation in Bilayer Graphene
Theory of Mesoscopic Graphene Systems, Rings and Superlattices
Possible Ordered States in
ISBN:9783642229848
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NanoScience and Technology, 1434-4904
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642209895:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement Uncertainties [electronic resource] : Physical Parameters and Calibration of Instruments
Author(s): S. V Gupta
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book fulfills the global need to evaluate measurement results along with the associated uncertainty. In the book, together with the details of uncertainty calculations for many physical parameters, probability distributionsand their properties a re discussed. Definitions of various terms are given and will help the practicing metrologists to grasp the subject. The book helps to establish international standards for the evaluation of the quality of rawdata obtained from various laboratories for in terpreting the results of various national metrology institutes in an international inter-comparisons. For the routine calibration of instruments, a new idea for the use of pooled varianceis introduced. The uncertainty calculations are explained for (i) i ndependent linear inputs, (ii) non-linear inputs and (iii) correlated inputs. The merits and limitations of the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement(GUM) are discussed. Monte Carlo methods for the derivation of the output distribution fro m the input distributions are introduced. The Bayesian alternative for calculation of expanded uncertainty is included. A large number ofnumerical examples is included
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Some Important Definitions
Probability Functions
Other Probability Functions
Evaluation of Measurement Data
Propagation of Errors/Uncertainty
Uncertainty and Calibration of Instruments
Calculation of Uncertainty
Uncertainty in Calibration of a Surface Plate
Uncertainty in Mass Measurement
Uncertainty in Volumetric Measurement
Uncertainty in Calibration of Some More Physical Instruments
Uncertainty in Calibration of Electrical Instruments
ISBN:9783642209895
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics , System safety
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461414780:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Quality of Measurements [electronic resource] A Metrological Reference
Author(s): A.E Fridman
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a detailed discussion and commentary on the fundamentals of metrology. The fundamentals of metrology, the principles underlying the design of the SI International System of units, the theory of measurementerror, a new methodology f or estimation of measurement accuracy based on uncertainty, and methods for reduction of measured results and estimation of measurement uncertainty are all discussed from a modern point of view. The concept ofuncertainty is shown to be consistent with the classical theory of accuracy. The theory of random measurement errors is supplemented by a very general description based on the generalized normal distribution systematic instrumentalerror is described in terms of a methodology for normalizing the metro logical characteristics of measuring instruments. A new international system for assuring uniformity of measurements based on agreements between nationalmetrological institutes is discussed, in addition to the role and procedure for performance of key com parisons between national standards. The conclusion describes a new methodology for assurance of measurement accuracy (based on theprovisions contained in the ISO 5725-series standards) that is now becoming more and more common around the world. All of th e theoretical statements and calculation methods are illustrated using examples. This book will be of interestto personnel working in government metrological services (or in the metrological services of legal entities), and to specialists who use measurin g instruments or make use of measured data in their daily activities It will be useful tostudents at technical universities when studying the academic disciplines of Metrology, Standardization, and Certification Metrology and Measurement Assurance and Met rology and Measuring Instruments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
From the Author
1. Basic Concepts of Metrology
2. Measurement Errors
3. Measurement Uncertainty
4. Methods for Estimation of Measurement Results and Their Uncertainties
5. International System of Units SI
6. Measurement Assurance
7. Verification and Calibration Intervals
8. Assurance of Measurement Accuracy in Correspondence with the ISO 5725 Standards
References
Index
ISBN:9781461414780
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Distribution (Probability theory) , System safety
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642037030:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fiber Optics [electronic resource] : Physics and Technology
Author(s): Fedor Mitschke
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Telephone, telefax, email and internet -- the key ingredient of the inner workings is the conduit: the line which is designed to carry massive amounts of data at breakneck speed. In their data-carrying capacity optical fiber linesbeat other technolog ies (copper cable, microwave beacons, satellite links) hands down, at least in the long haul. This book tells you all you want to know about optical fibers: Their structure, their light-guiding mechanism, theirmaterial and manufacture, their use. Several effects tend to degrade the signal as it travels down the fiber: they are spelled out in detail. Nonlinear processes are given due consideration for a twofold reason: On the one hand theyare fundamentally different from the more familiar processes in elec trical cable. On the other hand, they form the basis of particularly interesting and innovative applications, provided they are understood well enough. A case in pointis the use of so-called solitons, i.e. special pulses of light which have the wonderful property of being able to heal after perturbation. The book will take you from the physical basics of ray and beam optics, explain fiber structureand the functions of optical elements, and bring you to the forefront of applications. The state of the art o f high speed data transmission will be described, and the use of fiber optic sensors in metrology is treated. The book iswritten in a pedagogical style so that students of both physics and electrical engineering, as well as technicians and engineers invol ved in optical technologies, will benefit. Prof. Fedor Mitschke, a German physicist, was involved inpioneering work on fiber-optic solitons at Bell Laboratories in 1985-86. He has held teaching positions at universities in Hannover, Munich, Munster, and R ostock (all in Germany). Since 1997 he holds the chair for optics at theInstitute of Physics at Rostock University. This book grew out of lectures he gave at Hannover, Munster, Rostock, and as visiting
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
A Quick Survey
Physical Foundations
Treatment with Ray Optics
Treatment with Wave Optics
Chromatic Dispersion
Losses
Technical Conditions for Fiber Technology
Fibers of Glass
How to Measure Fiber Characteristics
Components for Fiber Technology
Nonlinear Phenomena in Fibers
Basics of Nonlinearity
A Survey of Nonlinear Processes
Technological Applications of Optical Fibers
Applications in Telecommunications
Fiber
Optic Sensors
Appendices
A: Decibel Units
B: Skin Effect
C: Bessel Functions
D: Optics with Gaussian Beams
ISBN:9783642037030
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642033056:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Generalized Gaussian Error Calculus [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Grabe
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:For the first time in 200 years Generalized Gaussian Error Calculus addressesa rigorous, complete and self-consistent revision of the Gaussian error calculus. Since experimentalists realized that measurements in general areburdened by unknown systema tic errors, the classical, widespread used evaluation procedures scrutinizing the consequences of random errors alone turned out to be obsolete. As a matter of course, the error calculus to-be, treatingrandom and unknown systematic errors side by side, sh ould ensure the consistency and traceability of physical units, physical constants and physical quantities at large. The generalized Gaussian error calculus considers unknownsystematic errors to spawn biased estimators. Beyond, random errors are asked to conform to the idea of what the author calls well-defined measuring conditions. The approach features the properties of a building kit: any overalluncertainty turns out to be the sum of a contribution due to random errors, to be taken from a confidence in terval as put down by Student, and a contribution due to unknown systematic errors, as expressed by an appropriate worst caseestimation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basics of Metrology
True Values and Traceability
Models and Approaches
Generalized Gaussian Error Calculus
The New Uncertainties
Treatment of Random Errors
Treatment of Systematic Errors
Error Propagation
Means and Means of Means
Functions of Erroneous Variables
Method of Least Squares
Essence of Metrology
Dissemination of Units
Multiples and Sub
multiples
Founding Pillars
Fitting of Straight Lines
Preliminaries
Straight Lines: Case (i)
Straight Lines: Case (ii)
Straight Lines: Case (iii)
Fitting of Planes
Preliminaries
Planes:
ISBN:9783642033056
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Systems theory , Mathematical physics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642007385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Units of Measurement [electronic resource] : Past, Present and Future. International System of Units
Author(s): S. V Gupta
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:It is for the first time that the subject of quantities and their respective units is dealt this much in detail a glimpse of units of measurements of base quantities of length, time, mass and volume is given for ancient Indiathree and four dimensiona l systems of measurement units are critically examined establishment of the fact that only four base units are needed to describe a system of units the basics to arrive at the unit of a derived quantity areexplained basic, derived and dimensionless quanti ties including quantity calculus are introduced life history of scientists concerned with measurements units are presented to be inspiring to working metrologists and students. TheInternational System of Units including, Metre Convention Treaty and its va rious organs including International National of Weights and Measure are described. The realisation of base units is given in detail. Classes of derived unitswithin the SI, units permitted for time to come, units outside SI but used in special fields of m easurements are described. Methods to express large numbers are explained in detail. Multiples and sub-multiples prefixes and their properuse are also given. The latest trends to redefine the base Kilogram, Ampere, Kelvin and Mole on existing base units o f mass, electric current, temperature and amount of substance, in terms of a single parameter or fundamental constantsare briefly described
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Metrology Through Ages
System of Quantities and Units
Various Systems of Units
Metre Convention and Evolution of Base Units
Realization of Base Units
Derived Quantities and Their Units
Expressing SI Units
Future Definitions of SI Units
Scientists Associated with Units of Measurements
ISBN:9783642007385
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v122
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783211783818:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Metrology [electronic resource] All about Instruments: From Trundle Wheels to Atomic Clocks
Author(s): Alexius J Hebra
Date:2010
Publisher:Vienna : Springer Vienna
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Conceived as a reference manual for practicing engineers, instrument designers, service technicians and engineering students. The related fields of physics, mechanics and mathematics are frequently incorporated to enhance theunderstanding of the subj ect matter. Historical anecdotes as far back as Hellenistic times to modern scientists help illustrate in an entertaining manner ideas ranging from impractical inventions in history to those that have changedour lives
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The measurement of length
Angles and arcs
Clocks and the measurement of time
Velocity and acceleration
Force, mass, weight, and torque
Vibrations
Thermodynamics
Pressure
Density of solids, liquids, and gases
Light and radiation
Acoustics
Electrical and electronic instruments
Automation Instruments that think
ISBN:9783211783818
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Mechanical engineering , Control engineering systems , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780817648046:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Modeling for Metrology and Testing in Measurement Science [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franco Pavese
Alistair B Forbes
Date:2009
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book and companion DVD provide a comprehensive set of modeling methods for data and uncertainty analysis, taking readers beyond mainstream methods described in standard texts. The emphasis throughout is on techniques having abroad range of real- world applications in measurement science. Mainstream methods of data modeling and analysis typically rely on certain assumptions that do not hold for many practical applications. Developed in this work are methodsand computational tools to address genera l models that arise in practice, allowing for a more valid treatment of calibration and test data and providing a deeper understanding of complex situations in measurement science. Additionalfeatures and topics of the book include: * Introduction to model ing principles in metrology and testing * Presentation of a basic probability framework in metrology and statistical approaches to uncertainty assessment * Discussion ofthe latest developments in data analysis using least squares, Fast Fourier Transform, wavelets, and fuzzy logic methods * Data fusion using neural networks, fuzzy methods, decision making, and risk analysis * A computer-assisted,rigorous approach to data evaluation and analysis of measurement software validity * Introduction to virtual ins truments, and an overview of IT tools for measurement science Data Modeling for Metrology and Testing in MeasurementScience may be used as a textbook in graduate courses on data modeling and computational methods, or as a training manual in the fields of calibration and testing. The book will also serve as an excellent reference for metrologists,mathematicians, statisticians, software engineers, chemists, and other practitioners with a general interest in measurement science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
List of Contributors
An Introduction to Data Modelling Principles in Metrology and Testing
Probability in Metrology
Three Statistical Paradigms for the Assessment and Interpretation of Measurement Uncertainty
Interval Computations and Interval
Related Statistical Techniques: Tools for Estimating Uncertainty of the Results of Data Processing and Indirect Measurements
Parameter Estimation Based on Least Squares Methods
Frequency and TimeFrequency Domain Analysis Tools in Measurement
Data Fusion, Decision
Making, and Risk Analysis: Mathematical Tools and Techniq
ISBN:9780817648046
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics , Statistics , Industrial engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540343776:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lasers, Clocks and Drag-Free Control [electronic resource] : Exploration of Relativistic Gravity in Space
Author(s): Hansjorg Dittus
Claus Lammerzahl
Slava G Turyshev
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Over the next decade the gravitational physics community will benefit from dramatic improvements in many technologies critical to testing gravity. Highly accurate deep space navigation, interplanetary laser communication,interferometry and metrology, high precision frequency standards, precise pointing and attitude control, together with drag-free technologies, will revolutionize the field of experimental gravitational physics. The centennial of thegeneral theory of relativity in 2015 will motivate a significant number of experiments designed to test this theory with unprecedented accuracy. The purpose of the contributions in this book, written by international experts, is toexplore the possibilities for the next 20 years for conducting gravitational experiments in space that would utilize both entirely new and highly improved existing capabilities
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Part I Surveys
Part II Theory
Part III Technologies
Part IV Missions and Projects
ISBN:9783540343776
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v349
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540488781:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Processing in Precise Time and Frequency Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michel Desaintfuscien
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Physical processes, involving atomic phenomena, allow more and more precise time and frequency measurements. This progress is not possible without convenient processing of the respective raw data. The book describes the dataprocessing at various leve ls: design of the time and frequency references, characterization of the time and frequency references, applications involving precise time and/or frequency references. The metrological properties stability,accuracy and reproducibility are defined and the processes leading to their characterization are shown. The various aspects of the variance of the frequency fluctuations are discussed and compared and their significance is given. Somemajor applications of the best frequency and time standards are final ly discussed. The way the extreme precision of these sources is used to obtain precise time and position information is shown: - Time scales, used to describe everyhuman and physical activities, such as astronomy, physical laws, etc. - Positioning systems , such as GPS - Very long base interferometry (VLBI)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Very High Performances Oscillators: The Two Parts of an Oscillator
Control of the Local Oscillator Frequency
Part II: Characterization of Very High Performances Oscillators: Accuracy
Reproducibility
Stability
Part III: Applications: Time and Frequency Metrology
Global Positioning System
Very Long Base Interferometry
Part IV: Appendix: Useful Integrals
Some Calculational Details
ISBN:9783540488781
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Data and Knowledge in a Changing World, 1431-2107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540465515:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Algorithms for Approximation [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 5th International Conference, Chester, July 2005
Author(s): Armin Iske
Jeremy Levesley
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Approximation methods are vital in many challenging applications of computational science and engineering. This is a collection of papers from world experts in a broad variety of relevant applications, including patternrecognition, machine learning, multiscale modelling of fluid flow, metrology, geometric modelling, tomography, signal and image processing. It documents recent theoretical developments which have lead to new trends in approximation, itgives important computational aspects and multidisc iplinary applications, thus making it a perfect fit for graduate students and researchers in science and engineering who wish to understand and develop numerical algorithms for thesolution of their specific problems. An important feature of the book is th at it brings together modern methods from statistics, mathematical modelling and numerical simulation for the solution of relevant problems, with a wide rangeof inherent scales. Contributions of industrial mathematicians, including representatives from Mi crosoft and Schlumberger, foster the transfer of the latest approximation methods to real-world applications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Imaging and Data Mining
Ranking as Function Approximation
Two Algorithms for Approximation in Highly Complicated Planar Domains
Computational Intelligence in Clustering Algorithms, With Applications
Energy
Based Image Simplification with Nonlocal Data and Smoothness Terms
Multiscale Voice Morphing Using Radial Basis Function Analysis
Associating Families of Curves Using Feature Extraction and Cluster Analysis
Numerical Simulation
Particle Flow Simulation by Using Polyharmonic Splines
Enhancing SPH using Moving Least
Squares and Radial Basis Functions
Stepwise Calc
ISBN:9783540465515
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Functions, special , Computer science Mathematics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540360575:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sebastian Volz
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book constitutes a particularly complete and original collection of ideas, models, numerical methods and experimental tools which will prove invaluable in the study of microscale and nanoscale heat transfer. It should be ofinterest to research sc ientists and thermal engineers who wish to carry out theoretical research or metrology in this field, but also to physicists concerned with the problems of heat transfer, or teachers requiring a solid foundationfor an undergraduate university course in th is area
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Basic Concepts
Laws of Macroscopic Heat Transfer and Their Limits
Transport in Dilute Media
Electrons and Phonons
Introduction to Radiative Transfer
Part II: Models and Numerical Methods
Solution of the Boltzmann Equation for Phonon Transport
Radiative Transfer on Short Length Scales
Monte Carlo Method
Molecular Dynamics
Part III: Experimental Methods and Applications
Scanning Thermal Microscopy
Optical Technique for Local Measurement
Hybrid Techniques and Multipurpose Microscopes
Electron
Phonon Interactions in Metals and Metallic Nanostructur
ISBN:9783540360575
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402060182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray Lasers 2006 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th International Conference
Author(s): P.V Nickles
K.A Janulewicz
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The search for table-top and repetitive pump schemes during the last decade has been the driving force behind the spectacular advances demonstrated during the 10th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, organized in 2006 inBerlin. Since 1986, inte rnational experts have gathered every two years at this established conference to discuss the progress in theory, experiment and application of plasma-based soft X-ray lasers. Traditionally, the conferencesessions devoted to complementary and alternative sources of short wavelength radiation, such as high harmonics, XFEL or incoherent X-rays are organized so as to emphasize the role of X-ray laser research in relation to the other shortwavelength sources. Grazing incidence pumping (GRIP) and seeding with high harmonics were the dominant topics of the conference. High repetition rate and portable X-ray lasers were reported to have been applied in metrology andphotochemistry for the first time. The proceedings of this series of conferences constitute a comp rehensive source of reference of the acknowledged state-of the-art in this specific area of laser and plasma physics. Audience:Researchers and libraries
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Overview of Tabletop X
Ray Laser Development at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Advances in High Repetition Rate Soft X
Ray Laser: Lasing Down to 10.9 nm and High Brightness Operation of a Seeded Soft X
Ray Amplifier Using a Solid Target
Feasibility of 3.4 nm Laser Pumped by Ultraintense RBS Laser
Collisionally Pumped X
Ray Lasers for Shorter Wavelengths
Temporal Characterization of Attosecond Harmonic Pulses
Development of Multilayer Optics for EUV, Soft X
Ray and X
Ray Regions in IPOE
One Year of User Operation of FLASH, the Free
Electron Laser in Hamburg
Capi
ISBN:9781402060182
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v115
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Electromagnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387491196:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultrafast Optics V [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shuntaro Watanabe
Katsumi Midorikawa
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book includes the most up-to date results present at Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and short Wavelength Sources XI. The volume contains plenary and invited contributions together withcarefully selected reg ular contributions. This book aims at the highest level of presentation to make it useful as a reference for those working in the field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Attosecond metrology
Part III Carrier
Envelop Phase I
Part IV Carrier
Envelop Phase II
Part V High field physics and applications I
Part VI X
ray plasma sources and applications
Part VII High field physics and applications II
Part VIII THz and Nonlinear processes I
Part IX THz and Nonlinear processes II
Part X X
ray lasers
Part XI High intensity lasers and applications
Part XII Atoms and molecules in high field
Part XII High
order harmonic generation
Part XIV Ultrafast amplifier
Part XVI OPCPA
ISBN:9780387491196
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v132
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387377315:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 7 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Sabath
Eric L Mokole
Uwe Schenk
Daniel Nitsch
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Ultra-wideband (UWB), short-pulse (SP) electromagnetics are now being used for an increasingly wide variety of applications, including collision avoidance radar, concealed object detection, and communications. Notable progress inUWB and SP technologi es has been achieved by investigations of their theoretical bases and improvements in solid-state manufacturing, computers, and digitizers. UWB radar systems are also being used for mine clearing, oil pipelineinspections, archeology, geology, and electron ic effects testing. Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 7 presents selected papers of deep technical content and high scientific quality from the UWB-SP7 Conference, includingwide-ranging contributions on electromagnetic theory, scattering, UWB an tennas, UWB systems, ground penetrating radar (GPR), UWB communications, pulsed-power generation, time-domain computational electromagnetics, UWB compatibility,target detection and discrimination, propagation through dispersive media, and wavelet and mult i-resolution techniques. This book serves as an essential for scientists and engineers working in these applications areas
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Electromagnetic Theory and Modelling
Time
Domain Computational Techniques
Antennas
Pulsed
Power
UWB Interaction
UWB and Transient Metrology
Radar Systems
Detection, Target Identification and Signal Processing
UWB Communication
Broadband Systems and Components
ISBN:9780387377315
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Electronics , Systems engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387347295:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Power Diode Lasers [electronic resource] : Technology and Applications
Author(s): Friedrich Bachmann
Peter Loosen
Reinhart Poprawe
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In a very comprehensive way this book covers all aspects of high power diode laser technology for materials processing. Basics as well as new application oriented results obtained in a government funded national German researchproject are described i n detail. Along the technological chain after a short introduction in the second chapter diode laser bar technology is discussed regarding structure, manufacturing technology and metrology. The third chapterilluminates all aspects of mounting and cooling, whereas chapter four gives wide spanning details on beam forming, beam guiding and beam combination, which are essential topics for incoherently coupled multi-emitter based high powerdiode lasers. Metrology, standards and safety aspects are the theme of chapter five. As an outcome of all the knowledge from chapter two to four various system configurations of high power diode lasers are described in chapter six notonly systems focussed on best available beam quality but especially also so called modular s et-ups are considered, where assemblies adapted to special applications are chosen. Finally, a wide field of applications, performed withthe systems described in chapter six is described in chapter seven
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
High power diode laser technology and characteristics
Packaging of diode laser bars
Incoherent beam superposition and stacking
Laser systems beam characteristics, metrology and standards
Applications
Summary and outlook
ISBN:9780387347295
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v128
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Plasma (Ionized gases) , Physical optics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387313979:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display [electronic resource] : Principles and Applications
Author(s): Ting-Chung Poon
Date:2006
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:About the Book Digital (or electronic) holography and its application to 3-D display is one of the formidable problems of evolving areas of high technology that has been receiving great attention in recent years. The realizationof life-size interacti ve 3-D displays has been a seemingly unobtainable goal. Technology is not quite at that level yet, but advances in 3-D display now allow us to take important steps toward the achievement of this objective. Thereader is presented with the state-of-the-art developments in both digital holography and 3-D display techniques. The book contains a large amount of research material as well as reviews, new ideas and insights that will be useful forgraduate students, scientists, and engineers working in the field. About the Editor Ting-Chung Poon is a professor at Virgina Tech in the Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, where he is also Director of theOptical Image Processing Laboratory. His research interests include acousto-optics, hybrid (o ptica/electronic/digital) 3-D image processing, optical scanning cryptography, optical scanning holography, 3-D holographic display, and 3-Dholographic microscopy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Digital Holography
Computer
Generated Holograms
Digital Holography and Multi
Wavelength Interference Techniques
Digital Holography for Bulk Image Acoustooptical Reconstruction
Digital Holography Applied to Microscopy
Phase
Shifting Digital Holography
Controlling Image Recostruction Process in Digital Holography
Tele
Metrology Based on Digital Holography
Three
Dimensional Display Techniques
Computer
Generated Holograms for White Light Reconstruction
Wide
Angle Computer
Generated Holograms for 3
D Display
Horizontal
Parallax
Only Optical Scanning Holography
Th
ISBN:9780387313979
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Laser physics , Physical optics , Mechanical engineering , Microwaves , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387250977:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Supercontinuum Laser Source [electronic resource] Fundamentals with Updated References
Author(s): Robert R Alfano
Date:2006
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Photonics and nonlinear optics are important areas of science, engineering and technology. One of the most important ultrafast nonlinear optical processes is the supercontinuum (SC) the production of intense white lightpulses covering: uv, visible, NIR, MIR, and IR. It is produced using ultrashort laser pulses (ps/fs) to produce the ultrabroad band of frequencies. This book covers the fundamental principles and surveys research of current thinkersand experts in the field with updated references of t he key breakthroughs over the past decade and a half. The application of SC are time-resolved pump-SC probe absorption and excitation spectroscopy for chemistry, biology and physicsfundamental processes optical coherence tomography ultrashort pulse genera tion in femtosecond and attosecond regions frequency clocks phase stabilization optical communication atmospheric science lightning control opticalmedical imaging biological cell imaging and metrology standards
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387250977
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Laser physics , Quantum optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540273196:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement Uncertainties in Science and Technology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Grabe
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:At the turn of the 19th century, Carl Friedrich Gau founded error calculus by predicting the then unknown position of the planet Ceres. Ever since, error calculus has occupied a place at the heart of science. In this book,Grabe illustrates the breakd own of traditional error calculus in the face of modern measurement techniques. Revising Gau error calculus ab initio, he treats random and unknown systematic errors on an equal footing from the outset.Furthermore, Grabe also proposes what may be called w ell defined measuring conditions, a prerequisite for defining confidence intervals that are consistent with basic statistical concepts. The resulting measurement uncertainties are asrobust and reliable as required by modern-day science, engineering and te chnology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Characterization, Combination and Propagation of Errors
Basic Ideas of Measurement
Formalization of Measuring Processes
Densities of Normal Parent Distributions
Estimators and Their Expectations
Combination of Measurement Errors
Propagation of Measurement Errors
Least Squares Adjustment
Least Squares Formalism
Consequences of Systematic Errors
Uncertainties of Least Squares Estimators
Special Linear and Linearized Systems
Systems with Two Parameters
Systems with Three Parameters
Special Metrology Systems
ISBN:9783540273196
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540269113:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Holography [electronic resource] : Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques
Author(s): Ulf Schnars
Werner Jueptner
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents a self-contained treatment of the principles and major applications of digital hologram recording and numerical reconstruction (Digital Holography). The first part deals with optical foundations and the theoryof holography. The nex t section describes how to record holograms directly with an electronic sensor (CCD) and describes the various reconstruction techniques. A special chapter is designated to digital holographic interferometry withapplications in deformation and shape measu rement and refractive index determination. Applications in imaging and microscopy are also described. The next part discusses special techniques such as digital light-in-flight holography,holographic endoscopy, information encrypting and comparative holog raphy. In the last chapter related techniques of speckle metrology are treated briefly
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Fundamentals Principles of Holography
Digital Holography
Digital Holographic Interferometry (DHI)
Digital Holographic Microscopy
Special Techniques and Applications
Speckle Metrology
ISBN:9783540269113
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Computer vision , Weights and measures , Physical optics , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387291437:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement Errors and Uncertainties [electronic resource] : Theory and Practice
Author(s): Semyon G Rabinovich
Date:2005
Edition:Third Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Measurement Errors and Uncertainties addresses the most important problems that physicists and engineers encounter when estimating errors and uncertainty. Building from the fundamentals of measurement theory, the author developsthe theory of accuracy of measurements and offers a wealth of practical recommendations and examples of applications. This new edition covers a wide range of subjects, including: - Basic concepts of metrology - Measuring instrumentscharacterization, standardization and calibra tion -Estimation of errors and uncertainty of single and multiple measurements - Modern probability-based methods of estimating measurement uncertainty With this new edition, the authorcompletes the development of the new theory of indirect measurements. This theory provides more accurate and efficient methods for processing indirect measurement data. It eliminates the need to calculate the correlation coefficient -a stumbling block in measurement data processing - and offers for the first time a way to o btain the confidence intervals. In other words, this new theory provides means to calculate a well-grounded estimate of measurement uncertaintyfor this complex but widely used type of measurements. Acclaim for previous editions: Extremely useful to metrol ogists and to anyone interested in measurement errors (MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY) I suggest that everytechnical library should own a copy of Measurement Errors. Serious experimentalists whose interests are broad will surely want to examine the bo ok with the intent of buying it. (Applied Mechanics Review)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General information about measurements
Measuring instruments and their properties
Prerequisites for the analysis of the inaccuracy of measurements and for synthesis of their components
Statistical methods for experimental data processing
Direct measurements
Indirect measurements
Examples of Measurements and Measurement Data Processing
Combined measurements
Combining the results of measurements
Calculation of the errors of measuring instruments
Problems in the theory of calibration
Conclusions
ISBN:9780387291437
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387237916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jun Ye
Steven T Cundiff
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Over the last few years, there has been a remarkable convergence among the fields of ultrafast optics, optical frequency metrology, and precision laser spectroscopy. This convergence has enabled unprecedented advances in controlof the electric field of the pulses produced by femtosecond mode-locked lasers. The resulting spectrum consists of a comb of sharp spectral lines with well-defined frequencies. These new techniques and capabilities are generally knownas femtosecond comb technology. They have h ad dramatic impact on the diverse fields of precision measurement and extreme nonlinear optical physics. This book provides an introductory description of mode-locked lasers, theconnection between time and frequency descriptions of their output and the ph ysical origins of the electric field dynamics, together with an overview of applications of femtosecond comb technology. Individual chapters go into moredetail on mode-locked laser development, spectral broadening in microstructure fiber, optical parametr ic amplification, optical frequency metrology, optical atomic clocks, ultrasensitive sensors, carrier-envelope phase dynamics, highfield ionization of atoms and generation of attosecond high-harmonic radiation. To provide readers with the most recent, dir ect, and comprehensive information, the chapters are written by the international researchers who have led thedevelopment of this field. This book provides an introduction to those new to the field and is at the same time a resource for experts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Introduction to Optical Frequency Comb and its Applications
Femtosecond Laser Development
High Repetition Rate Ring Oscillator
Microstructure Fiber and White Light Generation
Optical Comb Dynamics and Stabilization
Femtosecond Nonlinear Parametric Generators
Optical Frequency Measurement
Optical Frequency Measurement: From Harmonic Chain to Comb
Optical Atomic Clock
Attosecond Metrology
Extreme Nonlinear Optics
Application of Rotation Sensing
ISBN:9780387237916
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectrum analysis , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387232942:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter Hannaford
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:As concepts and methodologies have evolved over the past two decades, the realm of ultrafast science has become vast and exciting and has impacted many areas of chemistry, biology and physics, and other fields such as materialsscience, electrical eng ineering, and optical communication. The field has recently exploded with the announcement of a series of remarkable new developments and advances. This volume surveys this recent growth in eleven chapterswritten by leading international researchers in th e field. It includes sections on femtosecond optical frequency combs, soft x-ray femtosecond laser sources, and attosecond laser sources. In addition, the contributors address real-timespectroscopy of molecular vibrations with sub-5-fs pulses and multidim ensional femtosecond coherent spectroscopies for studying molecular and electron dynamics. Novel methods for measuring and characterizing ultrashort laser pulses andultrashort pulses of light are also described. The topics covered are revolutionizing the fields of biomedical imaging, electron dynamics, ultrahigh precision spectroscopy, and optical frequency metrology. Surveying the latest advancesin ultrafast lasers, Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy will be of interest to both researchers and graduate stude nts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Phase Controlled Femtosecond Lasers for Sensitive, Precise and Wide Bandwidth Nonlinear Spectroscopy
Supercontinuum and High
Order Harmonics: Extreme Coherent Sources for Atomic Spectroscopy and Attophysics
The Measurement of Ultrashort Light
Simple Devices, Complex Pulses
Femtosecond Combs for Precision Metrology
Infrared Precision Spectroscopy using Femtosecond
Laser
Based Optical Frequency
Comb Synthesizers
Real
Time Spectroscopy of Molecular Vibrations with Sub
5
Fs Visible Pulses
Vibrational Echo Correlation Spectroscopy
Spectrally Resolved
ISBN:9780387232942
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectrum analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783540409915:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (347 p.)
Note:10.1007/b13178
Contents:Evolution of the Universe -- Quantum Gravity and Fundamental Constants -- Physics and Metrology -- Search for New Physics with Atomic Clocks -- Cold Atom Clocks and Fundamental Tests -- 30 Years of Testing the PPN parameters --
Cryogenic Optical Resonators -- Absorption Spectra -- Variability of the Fine-Structure Constant -- Millesecond Pulsars? Tools of Fundamental Physics -- Constants, Units and Standards -- Time Varying Fundamental Constants, Extra
Dimensions and the Renormalization Group -- A Time Dependence of the QCD Scale -- Towards More Sensitive Measurements with Optical Clocks -- Search for Variations of Fundamental Constants using Precision Spectroscopy of Atomic Hydrogen
-- A New Era in Precision Molecular Spectroscopy -- Yb+ Optical Frequence Standard -- In+ Trapped Ion Optical Frequency Standard -- An Optical Frequency Standard with Cold Calcium Atoms -- Atom Optics: A Versatile Tool for New Quantum
Sensors in Space
ISBN:9783540409915
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 648
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Quantum physics , Astrophysics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Quantum Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783540398493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (448 p.)
Note:10.1007/b88427
Contents:Part I: Few-Cycle Pulse Generation: Theory and Experiments -- Solid-State Materials for Few-Cycle Pulse Generation and Amplification -- Few-Cycle Pulses Directly from the Laser -- Few-Cycle Pulses by External Compression -- Parametric
Amplification and Phase Control of Few-Cycle Light Pulses -- Part II: Characterization of Ultrashort Laser Pulses: Measuring Ultrashort Pulses in the Single-Cycle Regime -- Characterization of Ultrashort Pulses in the Few-Cycle Regime
Using Spectral Phase Interferometry for Direct Electric Field Reconstruction -- Part III: Applications: Optical Frequency-Comb Generation and High-Resolution Laser Spectroscopy -- Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilization of Single and
Multiple Femtosecond Lasers -- Sub-Femtosecond XUV-Pulses: Attosecond Metrology and Spectroscopy -- Resonant Non-Perturbative Extreme Nonlinear Optics with Two-Cycle Pulses -- Dynamics of the Photoexcited Hydrated Electron -- Subject
Index
ISBN:9783540398493
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Topics in Applied Physics: 95
Keywords: Physics , Lasers , Photonics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Laser Technology, Photonics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9781475737776:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Metrology for Fluids, Combustion and Solids
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (459 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-3777-6
Contents:1. Schlieren -- 2. Interferometric Flow Measurement -- 3. Digital Particle Image Velocimetry -- 4. Dynamic Flow Measurements Based on Molecular Rayleigh Scattering -- 5. Spray Diagnostics -- 6. Combustion Imaging Using Fluorescence
and Elastic Scattering -- 7. Tunable Diode Laser Sensors for Combustion -- 8. Particulate Measurement Methods -- 9. Luminescent Paints for Pressure and Temperature Measurements -- 10. Pyrometry for Temperature Measurements -- 11.
Surface Shear Stress Measurements -- 12. Fiber Grating Strain Sensors -- 13. Surface Deformation Measurements -- 14. Damage Detection Using Holography and Interferometry
ISBN:9781475737776
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Polymers , Mechanics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Materials science , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Polymer Sciences , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662048979:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Physics at the Limits
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (522 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04897-9
Contents:Application of Atomic Clocks -- Achievements in Optical Frequency Metrology -- Towards an Optical Hydrogen Clock -- Methane Frequency Standard for Precision Measurements -- The Parametric Frequency-Interval Divider -- External Laser
Stabilization -- Miniaturized Laser Magnetometers and Clocks -- High-Noise, Low-Resolution Spectroscopy -- Two-Photon Spectroscopy of Hydrogen -- Precision Spectroscopy on the Lyman-? Transitions of H and He -- Towards Laser
Spectroscopy of Antihydrogen -- Ramseyfication of the Resonant Nonlinear Faraday Effect -- Sensitive Detection Techniques of Laser Overtone Spectroscopy -- Multiple-Beam Atom Interferometry: An Overview -- Pursuing Fundamental Physics
with Novel Laser Technology -- Precision Optical Measurements and Fundamental Constants -- Quantum Electrodynamics and All That -- Lasers to Test Fundamental Physics in Space -- Measuring the Birefringence of the QED Vacuum --
Observing Mechanical Dissipation in Quantum Vacuum: An Experimental Challenge -- Precision in Length -- Probing an Optical Field with Atomic Resolution -- From Spectral Relaxation to Quantified Decoherence -- Laser Cooling of Trapped
Ions -- Conditional Spin Resonance with Trapped Ions -- From Diode Laser to Atom Laser -- Optical Components for a Robust Bose—Einstein Condensation Experiment -- From Atoms to Single Biomolecules Through Bose—Einstein Condensates: Un
Saluto da Firenze per Theodor -- Cavity Cooling with a Hot Cavity -- Zeeman-Tuned Slowing: Surfing the Resonance Wave -- A New Approach for Laser Cooling of Calcium -- The Design of Enhancement Cavities for Second Harmonic Generation
-- Raman Technique for Femtosecond Pulse Generation -- High-Order Harmonics and White Light: Looking for Fringes and Finding Much More -- MeV Electrons and Positrons from a Femtosecond Table-Top Laser System -- Small Molecules in
Intense Laser Fields — Dissociation and Stabilization -- Linear and Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy of Gases -- Nonlinear Properties of Laser-Generated Giant Surface Acoustic Wave Pulses in Solid Materials -- Radiative Control and Quantum
Engineering: Single Atom Wants to Meet Single Photon -- Optical Lattices as a Playground for Studying Multiparticle Entanglement -- Efficient Generation of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs with a Laser Diode Source -- Small is
Beautiful -- Atomic Looping -- A Toroidal Magnetic Guide for Neutral Atoms -- Si29 Nanoparticles: A New Form of Silicon -- Molecular Self-Assembly
ISBN:9783662048979
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783540453956:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Hydrogen Atom Precision Physics of Simple Atomic Systems
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (296 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45395-4
Contents:to Simple Atoms -- to Simple Atoms -- Hydrogen and Helium -- Precision Spectroscopy of Atomic Hydrogen -- Ultracold Hydrogen -- Review of High Precision Theory and Experiment for Helium -- Positronium and Muonium -- Spectroscopy of
the Muonium Atom -- Experimental Tests of QED in Positronium: Recent Advances -- Fundamental Constants and Frequency Metrology -- A New Type of Frequency Chain and Its Application to Fundamental Frequency Metrology -- Fundamental
Constants and the Hydrogen Atom -- Present Status of g — 2 of Electron and Muon -- Few-Electron Highly-Charged Ions -- Laser Spectroscopy of Hydrogen-Like and Helium-Like Ions -- The g Factor of Hydrogenic Ions: A Test of Bound State
QED -- Exotic Atoms -- Elementary Relativistic Atoms -- Antiprotonic Helium — An Exotic Hydrogenic Atom -- Hydrogen and Helium -- Towards a Precise Measurement of the He+ 2S Lamb Shift -- High Precision Measurements on Helium at 1083
nm -- Absolute Frequency Measurement of the 1S-3S Transition in Hydrogen -- 2s Hyperfine Structure in Hydrogen Atom and Helium-3 Ion -- Three-Loop Slope of the Dirac Form Factor and the 1S Lamb Shift in Hydrogen -- Radiative Decay of
Coupled States in an External dc Field -- Atomic Interferometer and Coherent Mixing of 2S and 2P States in the Hydrogen Atom -- Ground State Energy of the Helium Atom -- Muonium and Positronium -- Two-Loop Corrections to the Decay Rate
of Orthopositronium -- Recent Results in Positronium Theory -- Test of CPT and Lorentz Invariance from Muonium Spectroscopy -- Positronium: Theory Versus Experiment -- Highly Accurate Theoretical Simulation of the Resonant Multiphoton
Ionization Processes With Simplest Atoms -- Muonic Atoms -- Time-of-Flight Spectroscopy of Muonic Hydrogen Atoms and Molecules -- Hyperfine Structure in Muonic Hydrogen -- Towards a Measurement of the Lamb Shift in Muonic Hydrogen --
Exotic Atoms -- Antihydrogen Production and Precision Spectroscopy with ATHENA/AD-1 -- Precision Spectroscopy of X-rays from Antiprotonic Hydrogen -- Charged Pion Mass Determination and Energy — Calibration Standards Based on Pionic
X-ray Transitions -- Pionic Hydrogen: Status and Outlook -- Antiprotonic Helium “Atomcule”: Relativistic and QED Effects -- Towards Laser Spectroscopy of Antihydrogen -- Hyperfine Structure Measurements of Antiprotonic Helium and
Antihydrogen -- Precision Spectroscopy, Fundamental Constants and Fundamental Symmetry -- Indium Single-Ion Optical Frequency Standard -- Matter Neutrality Test Using a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer -- Relativistic Corrections in Atoms
and Space-Time Variation of the Fine Structure Constant -- Frequency Comparison and Absolute Frequency Measurement of I2-stabilized Lasers at 532 nm -- Few-Electron Ions -- A QED Calculation of Electron Interaction for He-Like and
Li-Like Highly Charged Ions -- The gJ Factor of an Electron Bound in Hydrogen-Like Carbon: Status of the Theoretical Predictions -- Second-Order Self-Energy Calculations for Tightly Bound Electrons in Hydrogen-Like Ions -- Lamb Shift
in Light Hydrogen-Like Atoms -- The g Factor of a Bound Electron in a Hydrogen-Like Atom -- Laser Spectroscopy of the 2S Lamb Shift in Hydrogenic Silicon -- Ground-State Hyperfine Structure of Heavy Hydrogen-Like Ions -- Measurement of
the 1s2p 3P0 - 3P1 Fine Structure Interval in Helium-Like Magnesium -- Towards a Precision Measurement of the Lamb Shift in Hydrogen-Like Nitrogen -- Absolute Test of Quantum Electrodynamics for Helium-Like Vanadium -- Relativistic
Recoil Corrections to the Atomic Energy Levels -- X-Ray Spectroscopy of Hydrogen-Like Ions in an Electron Beam Ion Trap -- Advanced Quantum Mechanics and QED -- CPT-Invariant Eight-Component Two-Fermion Equation -- The Two-Time Green’s
Function and Screened Self-Energy for Two-Electron Quasi-Degenerate States -- Higher-Order Stark Effect on Magnetic Fine Structure of the Helium Atom -- Radiation Properties of Diamagnetic Manifolds in Atomic Hydrogen: Line Intensity
Dependence on a Magnetic Field -- Precise Evaluation of the Electron (g - 2) at 4 loops: The Algebraic Way -- Relativistic Dipole Dynamic Polarizabilities of Lowest ns 1/2-States in Hydrogen-Like Atoms -- Loop-After-Loop Contribution
to the Second-Order Self-Energy in Hydrogen
ISBN:9783540453956
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 570
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Atoms , Physics , Quantum Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781475733693:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (450 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-3369-3
Contents:1. Surface measurement and characterization -- 2. Fractal geometry in engineering metrology -- 3. Topography instrumentation -- 4. Surface topography filtering -- 5. Areal autocorrelation and spectral analysis of surface topography --
6. Calibrating scanning probe microscopes -- 7. Characterization of cylinder bores -- 8. Surface characterization using neural networks -- 9. Hardness measurement -- 10. Surface damage in brittle materials -- 11. Thin-film conducting
polymer bearings -- References
ISBN:9781475733693
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Engineering , Materials science , Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Engineering, general , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783709125861:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Methods in Experimental Solid Mechanics
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-2586-1
Contents:Hybrid techniques in experimental solid mechanics (K-H. Laermann) -- Recent developments in 3-D-photoelasticity and grating strain measurement (A. Lagarde) -- Automated in-plane moiré techniques and grating interferometry (M.
Kujawinska) -- Interferometric methods (W. Jüptner) -- Digital processing and evaluation of fringe patterns in optical metrology (W. Osten)
ISBN:9783709125861
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures: 403
Keywords: Physics , Image processing , Pattern recognition , Mechanics , Solid state physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Mechanics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Image Processing and Computer Vision , Pattern Recognition
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783540488002:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photomechanics
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (472 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-48800-6
Contents:Optics for Engineers -- to Engineering Mechanics -- Fringe Analysis -- Principles of Holographic Interferometry and Speckle Metrology -- Moiré Methods for Engineering and Science — Moiré Interferometry and Shadow Moiré -- Digital
Photoelasticity -- Optical Fiber Strain Sensing in Engineering Mechanics -- Long-Gage Fiber-Optic Sensors for Structural Monitoring -- Techniques for Non-Birefringent Objects: Coherent Shearing Interferometry and Caustics -- Advances
in Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Computer Vision -- Laser Doppler and Pulsed Laser Velocimetry in Fluid Mechanics -- Surface Characterization and Roughness Measurement in Engineering
ISBN:9783540488002
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Topics in Applied Physics: 77
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Engineering , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Control engineering , Robotics , Mechatronics , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Engineering, general , Control, Robotics, Mechatronics , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783540454632:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Noise, Oscillators and Algebraic Randomness From Noise in Communication Systems of Number Theory Lectures of a School Held in Chapelle des Bois, France, April 5–10, 1999
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (3 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45463-2
Contents:Mathemagics -- Thermal and Quantum Noise in Active Systems -- Dipole at ? = 1 -- Stored Ion Manipulation Dynamics of Ion Cloud and Quantum Jumps with Single Ions -- 1/f Fluctuations in Cosmic Ray Extensive Air Showers -- Stochastic
Resonance and the Benefit of Noise in Nonlinear Systems -- Time is Money -- Oscillators and the Characterization of Frequency Stability: an Introduction -- Phase Noise Metrology -- Phonon Fine Structure in the 1/f Noise of Metals,
Semiconductors and Semiconductor Devices -- The General Nature of Fundamental 1/f Noise in Oscillators and in the High Technology Domain -- 1/f Frequency Noise in a Communication Receiver and the Riemann Hypothesis -- Detection of
Chaos in the Noise of Electronic Oscillators by Time Series Analysis Methods -- Geometry and Dynamics of Numbers Under Finite Resolution -- Diophantine Conditions and Real or Complex Brjuno Functions -- Algebraic and Analytic
Randomness -- From Symbolic Dynamics to a Digital Approach: Chaos and Transcendence -- Algebraic Dynamics and Transcendental Numbers -- Dynamics of Some Contracting Linear Functions Modulo 1 -- On the Modular Function and Its
Importance for Arithmetic -- On Generalized Markoff Equations and Their Interpretation
ISBN:9783540454632
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 550
Keywords: Physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783540488866:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:International Trends in Optics and Photonics ICO IV
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (10 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-48886-6
Contents:Fundamental Optics (General, Physical and Quantum Optics) -- Optical Twist -- Principles and Fundamentals of Near Field Optics -- Spin-Orbit Interaction of a Photon: Theory and Experimentation on the Mutual Influence of Polarization
and Propagation -- Atoms and Cavities: The Birth of a Schrödinger Cat of the Radiation Field -- Quantum Tomography of Wigner Functions from Incomplete Data -- Information Optics -- Some New Aspects of the Resolution in Gaussian Pupil
Optics -- Multichannel Photography with Digital Fourier Optics -- Holographic Optics for Beamsplitting and Image Multiplication -- Image Restoration, Enhancement and Target Location with Local Adaptive Linear Filters -- Fuzzy Problem
for Correlation Recognition in Optical Digital Image Processing -- Optical Communication (Photonics and Optoelectronics) -- All-Optical Regeneration for Global-Distance Fiber-Optic Communications -- Non-quantum Cryptography for Secure
Optical Communications -- Optical Materials and Processing -- Pulsed Laser Deposition: An Overview -- Absolute Scale of Quadratic Nonlinear-Optical Susceptibilities -- Optical Technologies -- Femtosecond Fourier Optics: Shaping and
Processing of Ultrashort Optical Pulses -- Aperture-modulated Diffusers (AMDs) -- Optical Properties of Quasiperiodic Structures: Linear and Nonlinear Analysis -- Optical Metrology (Optical Systems) -- Diffractive Optical Elements in
Materials Inspection -- Multiple-Wavelength Interferometry for Absolute Distance Measurement -- Speckle Metrology: Some Newer Techniques and Applications -- Limits of Optical Range Sensors and How to Exploit Them -- Imaging
Spectroscopy for the Non-invasive Investigation of Paintings -- Biomedical Optics -- Optical Coherence Tomography in Medicine -- The Spectral Optimization of Human Vision: Some Paradoxes, Errors and Resolutions -- Others -- Optical
Methods for Reproducing Sounds from Old Phonograph Records
ISBN:9783540488866
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in OPTICAL SCIENCES: 74
Keywords: Physics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783540445531:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Solid State Physics 39
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (593 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0107459
Contents:Semiconductor applications in metrology -- 125 years of metal-semiconductor contacts: Where do we stand? -- Physics of semiconductor sensors -- Thermal nano-phase change of an antimony thin films and the application for optical
near-field data storage -- AMR–sensors. All the way up from a deposited thin film to a commercial sensor -- High resolution calorimetric low temperature detectors for applications in atomic and nuclear physics -- Controlled doping of
molecular organic layers: Physics and device prospects -- Organic electroluminescent devices -- High-mobility conjugated polymer field-effect transistors -- Ground state and collective excitations of quantum dots: Correlation effects
and Hund’s rule in magnetic field -- Nanomechanical resonators operating in the radio frequency regime as single charge detectors -- Ge and Si nanocrystals—New ways to luminescence structures -- Formation of low-dimensional
semiconductor nanostructures on corrugated surfaces -- Optical absorption of heterogeneous thin solid films -- Nanolithography on semiconductor heterostructures by local oxidation with an atomic force microscope -- Ion beam synthesis
of semiconductor nanoclusters for opto-and microelectronics applications -- Single-electron transistor as a local electrometer on top of a two-dimensional electron system in the quantum hall regime -- Spatially resolved measurements
near the breakdown of the quantum hall effect -- Half-filled Landau level—Composite fermions and dipoles -- A new resistance maximum from electron-nuclear-spin interaction in the fractional quantum-hall-effect state -- Magnetization
phenomena of a two-dimensional electron system in the quantum hall regime -- Microwave studies in the quantum hall effect regimes -- Metal-insulator transition in two dimensions -- Scaling and level statistics at the Anderson
transition -- The Mott-Hubbard metal-insulator transition in the limit of large dimensions—Insights and outlook -- Fermi and non-fermi liquid behavior in quantum impurity systems: Conserving slave boson theory -- Quantum spin systems:
From spin gaps to pseudo gaps -- Modulated phases in spin-Peierls systems -- Magnetic frustration and spin-Peierls transition in CuGeO3 -- Mesoscopic effects in the thermopower of dilute AuFe alloys -- Re-entrant spin susceptibility of
ultrasmall superconducting grains -- Two-quasiparticle tunneling and subgap structure in all-superconducting single-electron transistors -- Fixed-N superconductivity: The crossover from the bulk to the few-electron limit --
Heavy-fermion superconductivity induced by antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations -- Self-organized charge confinement in cuprate superconductors: Effects on the normal-and superconducting state -- Nucleation of stable superconductivity
in YBCO-films -- RE-Ba-Cu-O bulk materials: Thermodynamics, proceeding, properties control -- Junctions and interfaces in D-wave superconductors -- Reversible laser annealing and magneto-optical characterization of HTSC thin films --
Doping dependence of the antiferromagnetic correlations in La2?x SrxCuO4 and Y1?x CaxBa2Cu3O6 -- Coherence properties of resonant secondary emission -- Time- and phase-resolved resonant Rayleigh scattering by wannier excitons in a 2D
potential with disorder -- Emission from radiatively coupled periodic quantum well structures -- Optical and structural properties connected with partial ordering in the ternary compound semiconductor GalnP -- Excitonic coherence in
semiconductor nanostructures measured by speckle analysis -- Phase sensitive femtosecond spectroscopy of semiconductors -- High-intensity laser pulse propagation in semiconductors -- Ultrafast spectral interferometry of resonant
secondary emission from semiconductor quantum wells -- Room-temperature near-field reflection spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures -- Versatile probes for scanning probe microscopy -- Magneto-optic microscopy beyond the
diffraction limit: Facts, trends, and dreams -- Growth studies of hetero-epitaxial thin films with x-rays -- Fracture mechanisms and strength of thin films -- Laser nitriding of iron and steel -- Optical spectroscopy methods applied
during semiconductor layer growth -- How much information is carried by fluctuation spectra?
ISBN:9783540445531
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Advances in Solid State Physics: 39
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9789401150507:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tribology Issues and Opportunities in MEMS Proceedings of the NSF/AFOSR/ASME Workshop on Tribology Issues and Opportunities in MEMS held in Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A., 9–11 November 1997
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (655 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-5050-7
Contents:MEMS R&D in Europe -- Integrated MEMS in Conventional CMOS -- Facilitating Choices of Machining Tools and Materials for ‘Miniaturization Science’: A Review -- Microfabrication Technologies for High Performance Microactuators --
Surface Characterization of Non-Lithographic Micromachining -- Biosensors and Microfluidic Systems -- Power MEMS Materials and Structures -- MEMS Opportunities in Accelerometers and Gyros and the Microtribology Problems Limiting
Commercialization -- New Technology and Applications at Lucas NovaSensor -- Rough Surface Characterization -- Frictional Instabilities -- Wear of Ceramics and Metals -- Mechanics of Wear: From Conventional Components to MEMS --
Rheological Modeling of Thin Film Lubrication -- Surface Roughness Induced Effects in Hydrodynamic Lubrication -- Transition from Elastohydrodynamic to Partial Lubrication -- Micro/Nanotribology: State of the Art and Its Applications
-- Pulsed Force Mode: A New Method for Characterizing Thin Silane Films by Adhesive Force Measurements -- Formation of Nanometer-Scale Contacts to Viscoelastic Materials: Implications for MEMS -- Nanotribology of Vapor-Phase Lubricants
-- The Tribology of Hydrocarbon Surfaces Investigated Using Molecular Dynamics -- Dual-Axis Piezoresistive AFM Cantilever for Independent Detection of Vertical and Lateral Forces -- Statistical Thermodynamic Treatment of the AFM Tip in
Liquid -- Tribological Issues of Polysilicon Surface-Micromachining -- Advantages and Limitations of Silicon as a Bearing Material for MEMS Applications -- Surface Force Induced Failures in Microelectromechanical Systems --
Development, Fabrication and Testing of a Multi-Stage Micro Gear System -- Analysis of Gear Tooth Performance of Mechanically-Coupled, Outer-Rotor Polysilicon Micromotors -- Micro/Nanotribological Studies of Single-Crystal Silicon and
Polysilicon and SiC Films for Use in MEMS Devices -- Phase Transformations in Semiconductors under Contact Loading -- Influence of Water Adsorption on Microtribology of Micromachines -- Tribological Effects of Surface Roughness in MEMS
Devices -- Active Friction Control Using Ultrasonic Vibration -- Contact Resistance Measurements and Modeling of an Electrostatically Actuated Microswitch -- Metrology for MEMS Tribology -- Mechanical Property Determination Using
Nanoindentation Techniques -- Stress in Thin Films for MEMS Actuators -- Reliability and Fatigue Testing of MEMS -- Surface Modification and Mechanical Properties of Bulk Silicon -- Microfriction and Microwear Experiments on Metal
Containing Amorphous Hydrocarbon Hard Coatings Using an Atomic Force Microscope: Mechanisms, Models and Micro- versus Macrotests -- Formation of Carbon Films on Ceramic Carbides by High Temperature Chlorination -- Deposition and
Characterization of Diamond-Like Materials -- Wear and Nanomechanical Studies of Silicon Oxide and Silicon Nitride Thin Films for MEMS Applications -- a-SiC Thin Films Deposited Using Pulsed Laser Ablation of Graphite and Magnetron
Sputtering of Silicon onto Steel Substrates at Room Temperature -- Lubrication of Polysilicon Micromechanisms with Alkylsiloxane Self-Assembled Monolayers: Coefficient of Static Friction Measurements -- Tribological Properties of
Modified MEMS Surfaces -- Breakout Session Report: Tribology Research in MEMS -- Breakout Session Report: Mechanisms of Nano-Scale Tribology and Instrumentation for MEMS Devices -- Breakout Session Report: Lubricants, Overcoats and
Surface Modification Techniques -- Breakout Session Report: Mechanical Property Measurements -- Panel Discussion Report: Tribology Issues and Opportunities in MEMS -- List of Participants -- Editor’s Vita
ISBN:9789401150507
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Inorganic chemistry , Mechanics , Manufacturing industries , Machines , Tools , Electrical engineering , Materials science , Physics , Mechanics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Inorganic Chemistry , Electrical Engineering , Manufacturing, Machines, Tools
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9783540696322:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic Physics Methods in Modern Research Selection of Papers Dedicated to Gisbert zu Putlitz on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (454 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104311
Contents:Two-photon method for metrology in hydrogen -- High precision atomic spectroscopy of muonium and simple muonic atoms -- The muonium atom as a probe of physics beyond the standard model -- Can atoms trapped in solid helium be used to
search for physics beyond the standard model? -- g-Factors of subatomic particles -- Laser spectroscopy of metastable antiprotonic helium atomcules -- Polarized, compressed 3He-gas and its applications -- Medical NMR sensing with
laser-polarized 3He and 129Xe -- Test of special relativity in a heavy ion storage ring -- Resonance fluorescence of a single ion -- Resonance raman studies of the relaxation of photoexcited molecules in solution on the picosecond
timescale -- Four-quantum RF-resonance in the ground state of an alkaline atom -- Hard highly directional X-radiation emitted by a charged particle moving in a carbon nanotube -- Quasiclassical approximation in the theory of scattering
of polarized atoms -- Ion beam inertial fusion -- Spin-echo experiments with neutrons and with atomic beams -- New generation of light sources for applications in spectroscopy -- Remote sensing of the environment using laser radar
techniques -- Applied laser spectroscopy in combustion devices -- The surface of liquid helium - an unusual substrate for unusual coulomb systems -- Aspects of laser-assisted scanning tunneling microscopy of thin organic layers --
Optical spectroscopy of metal clusters -- New concepts for information storage based on color centers -- Excitons and radiation damage in alkali halides -- Polarization of negative muons implanted in the fullerene C60: Speculations
about a null result -- Positronium in condensed matter studied with spin-polarized positrons -- Light-induced liberation of atoms and molecules from solid surfaces -- On the shoulders of giants — Early history of hyperfine structure
spectroscopy. For gisbert zu putlitz
ISBN:9783540696322
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 499
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Atoms , Biophysics , Biological physics , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Physical Chemistry , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461218586:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics in Industrial Problems Part 8
Author(s): Avner Friedman
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (192 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1858-6
Contents:1 Dealing with geometric variations in manufacturing -- 1.1 Tolerancing -- 1.2 Metrology -- 1.3 Mathematical issues -- 1.4 References -- 2 Interdisciplinary computational fluid dynamics -- 2.1 Industrial interdisciplinary CFD -- 2.2
Thermal flow and combustion model -- 2.3 References -- 3 A mathematical model of a crystallizer -- 3.1 The physical model -- 3.2 Mathematical model for CSTR mixer -- 3.3 Mathematical model for PFR mixer -- 3.4 Scaling -- 3.5 Numerical
results -- 3.6 References -- 4 Randomized algorithms in industrial problems -- 4.1 Programmable logical array (PLA) -- 4.2 Gate arrays -- 4.3 Printed circuit board (PCB) -- 4.4 References -- 5 Global geodesic coordinates on aG0
continuous surface -- 5.1 Basic problems -- 5.2 Geodesics on a smooth surface -- 5.3 Geodesics on non-smooth surfaces -- 5.4 References -- 6 Micromechanics effects in creep metal-matrix composites -- 6.1 Metal-matrix composites -- 6.2
The unreinforced model -- 6.3 The composite problem -- 6.4 References -- 7 Seismic inversion for geophysical prospecting -- 7.1 Data acquisition -- 7.2 Some traditional data processing steps -- 7.3 Multiparameter inversion -- 7.4 Open
problems -- 7.5 References -- 8 Simulations for etch/deposition profile evolution -- 8.1 The problem -- 8.2 Mathematical formulation -- 8.3 Numerical results -- 8.4 Open problems -- 8.5 References -- 9 Analysis of cellular mobile radio
-- 9.1 A cellular mobile radio system -- 9.2 Traditional queueing networks -- 9.3 An interacting queue model -- 9.4 Open problems -- 9.5 References -- 10 A pseudo non-time-splitting scheme in air quality modeling -- 10.1 The model --
10.2 The pseudo non-time-splitting method -- 10.3 Numerical results -- 10.4 References -- 11 Fluid flow in a porous medium -- 11.1 The problem -- 11.2 The quasi-stationary 2-d model -- 11.3 Numerical results -- 11.4 Need for another
model -- 11.5 Open problems -- 11.6 References -- 12 Robots, mechanisms and polynomial continuation -- 12.1 Examples -- 12.2 Polynomial continuation -- 12.3 The Stewart platform -- 12.4 Open questions -- 12.5 References -- 13 Failure
times in metal lines -- 13.1 Electromigration -- 13.2 A mathematical model -- 13.3 Another model -- 13.4 Analysis of the solution -- 13.5 References -- 14 Surface modeling: impacts of design and manufacturing -- 14.1 Patched surfaces
-- 14.2 Feature-based approach -- 14.3 Free-form deformation -- 14.4 References -- 15 Chemical filtration modeling -- 15.1 The chemistry of absorption -- 15.2 The occurrence of absorption -- 15.3 A recirculation model -- 15.4 Open
problems -- 15.5 References -- 16 The element-free Galerkin method in large deformations -- 16.1 Large deformations -- 16.2 Moving least square interpolants -- 16.3 Kinematics of large deformations of continua -- 16.4 The EFG method --
16.5 Proposed further research -- 16.6 References -- 17 Aeroacoustic research in the automotive industry -- 17.1 Basic acoustics -- 17.2 Mathematical modeling of sound -- 17.3 Acoustic source models -- 17.4 The antenna model -- 17.5
Open problems -- 17.6 References -- 18 Synchronization for chaotic dynamical systems -- 18.1 Synchronization -- 18.2 General definition of synchronization -- 18.3 Conditional Lyapunov exponents -- 18.4 Chaotic signal masking -- 18.5
Controlling chaos -- 18.6 References -- 19 Solutions to problems from part 7 -- 19.1 Chapter 2 -- 19.2 Chapter 3 -- 19.3 Chapter 4 -- 19.4 Chapter 14 -- 19.5 Chapter 20 -- 19.6 References
ISBN:9781461218586
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 83
Keywords: Physics , Chemometrics , Earth sciences , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Earth Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9781461529989:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid State Lasers New Developments and Applications
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (350 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2998-9
Contents:Resonator Designs for High Brightness Solid-State Lasers -- Defining and Measuring Laser Beam Quality -- Mode-Locked Solid State Lasers -- High Power Rod, Slab, and Tube Lasers -- Solid-State Laser Materials: Basic Properties and New
Developments -- Quantum Confined Semiconductor Lasers -- Diode Pumped Solid State Lasers -- Generation of Visible Light with Diode Pumped Solid State Lasers -- High Power Diode Lasers -- Efficient Narrowband Optical Parametric
Oscillators of Beta-Barium-Borate (BBO) and Lithium-Triborate (LBO) -- Travelling Wave Parametric Generation of Highly Coherent Femtosecond Pulses Tunable from 750 to 3000 nm -- Frequency Conversion of PS-Pulses: Tunable Pulses from
the UV to the Near Infrared -- Quasi-Three-Level Lasers -- Er, Tm, Ho: YLF Lasers in Astigmatically Compensated Resonators -- Color Center Lasers: State of the Art and Recent Developments -- Fibre Lasers -- The Role of Solid State
Lasers in Soft-X-Ray Projection Lithography -- Second Harmonic Generation and its Application to High Resolution Spectroscopy of Atomic Hydrogen -- Diode Lasers and Metrology -- Semiconductor Diode Lasers in Atomic Spectroscopy --
Overtone Molecular Spectroscopy with Diode Lasers -- Optical Frequency Metrology with Solid State Lasers -- Frequency Stabilized TI:Sapphire Laser for High Resolution Spectroscopy of Atomic Hydrogen
ISBN:9781461529989
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 317
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Electrical engineering , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Electrical Engineering , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781468413427:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Laser Spectroscopy
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (512 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-1342-7
Contents:Fundamentals of Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics -- Techniques of Laser Spectroscopy their Advantages and Limitations -- Quantum Effects in Single—Atom and Single Photon Experiments -- Chaos and Complexity in Quantum Optics --
Synchronization of Atomic Quantum Transitions by Light Pulses -- Amplification of Pulse Responses in Ensembles of Nonlinear Oscillators -- Spectroscopic Techniques and New Coherent Sources -- Narrowband Tunable VUV/XUV Radiation
Generated by Third Order Frequency Mixing of Laser Radiation in Gases -- Laser and Synchrotron—Based Excitation Sources for Relaxation Studies -- Optical Parametric Oscillators of Bariumborate and Lithiumborate: New Sources for
Powerful Tunable Laser Radiation in the Ultraviolet, Visible and Near Infrared -- Two—Photon Transitions with Time Delayed Radiation Pulses -- Diode Lasers and their Applications to Spectroscopy -- The CO-Overtone Laser: A
Spectroscopic Source in a Most Interesting Wavelength Region -- Tunable Sideband—Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules -- High Resolution Far Infrared Spectroscopy -- Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules -- High-Resolution
Laser Spectroscopy in the UV/VUV Spectral Region -- High Resolution Spectroscopy of Atomic Hydrogen: Measurement of the Rydberg Constant -- Laser Spectroscopy of Atomic Discharges -- Infrared Laser Spectroscopy -- Opto—Thermal
Spectroscopy -- Multiphoton IR Spectroscopy -- Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Alkali Vapors -- Anomalous Doppler Broadening in O2-Noble Gases Radio—Frequency Discharges -- The N2*-OCS System Microwave Spectroscopy Measurements of
Vibrational Populations: The Perturbed Stationary State -- Interdisciplinary Applications of Laser Spectroscopy / A. Solid State and Cluster Phvsics -- Phonon Lifetimes in Molecular Crystals -- Nonlinear Time Resolved Spectroscopy in
Condensed Matter -- Brioullin Gain Spectroscopy in Glasses and Crystals -- Coherent Raman Spectroscopy: Techniques and Recent Applications -- B. Sensitive Detection of Isotopes. Combustion Processes and Pollutants -- Laser Detection of
Very Rare Long-Lived Radioactive Isotopes -- Nuclear Ground—State Properties From Laser and Mass Spectroscopy -- Resonance Ionization Mass Spectroscopy for Trace Analysis -- CARS Spectroscopy and Applications -- Laser Spectroscopy
Applied to Combustion -- Trace Gas Detection with Infrared Gas Lasers -- Environmental Monitoring Using Optical Techniques -- Remote Detection of Atmospheric Pollutants Using Differential Absorption Lidar Techniques -- C. Application
to Frequency Metrology and Stabilization -- Laser Cooling of Atomic Beams and its Application to Frequency Standards -- Possible Precision Far—Infrared Spectroscopy of Trapped Ions -- Stable Ammonia Laser for Cooled Single Ion
Frequency Standard -- Frequency Stabilization of Infrared Lasers: The Optogalvanic Effect in CO2
ISBN:9781468413427
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 241
Keywords: Physics , Analytical chemistry , Acoustics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Electrical engineering , Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Analytical Chemistry , Electrical Engineering , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Acoustics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783642745010:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frequency Standards and Metrology Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium, Ancona, Italy, September 5 – 9, 1988
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (484 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-74501-0
Contents:I Opening Session -- II Use and Availability of the Frequency Reference -- III Established Microwave Standards -- IV New Standards -- V Cold H Masers -- VI Optically Pumped Cesium -- VII Local Oscillators -- VIII Frequency Synthesis
-- IX Near IR Frequency Standards -- X Solid State Lasers -- XI Containment of Neutrals -- XII Trapped Ions -- XIII Poster Sessions -- Closing Remarks -- List of Participants -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642745010
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Quantum optics , Solid state physics , Lasers , Photonics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400929555:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravitational Measurements, Fundamental Metrology and Constants
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (552 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2955-5
Contents:Can we Calculate the Fundamental Dimensionless Constants of Physics? -- Observables in General Relativity -- The Quantum Hall Effect Part I: Basic Experiments -- Quantum Hall Effect Part II: Metrological Applications -- Fundamental
Physical Constants -- Variability of the Physical Constants -- The Measurement Problem of the General Matter Field Theory as Required by the Copenhagen School -- On the Relations between Fundamental Constants -- Quantum Electrodynamics
and Fundamental Constants -- Searching for the Source of the Fifth Force -- Lorentz noninvariance and the Universality of free fall in Quasi-Riemannian Gravity -- Status of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant -- Time Variation of the
Gravitational Constant -- The Supernova SN 1987A and the Neutrino Mass -- The Fifth Force Experiment at the TIFR -- Analysis of Ground States of General Relativity Theory and Relativistic Theory of Gravitation --
Gravitational-Relativistic Metrology -- Gravitational Waves -- The Gravitational Wave Experiment of the Rome Group. Data Recorded during SN1987A -- Solar-System Tests of General Relativity, the Transition to Second Order -- The
Weyl-Dirac Theory and the Variation of the Gravitational Constant -- Selected Problems of Gravitational Wave Experiment -- Introductory Lectures on the Physics of High Energy Densities: Theories, Models, Measurements -- Detectors of
Laboratory Gravitation Experiments and a new Method of Measuring G -- to the Theory of Fields in Finsler Spaces -- Neutrinos, Gravitons, Metrology and Gravitational Radiation -- On Quirino Majorana’s Papers Regarding Gravitational
Absorption -- I: Quelques Recherches sur l’Absorption de la Gravitation par la Matière -- II: Theoretical and Experimental Researches on Gravitation
ISBN:9789400929555
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 230
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9781461307259:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Acoustical Imaging Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Symposium, June 10–12, 1987
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (658 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0725-9
Contents:Imaging Techniques I -- Reflex Transmission Imaging -- Imaging by Source Cancellation -- Sparsely-Sampled Phase-Insensitive Two-Dimensional Arrays: Spatial Interpolation and Signal-Dependent Aperture -- Unbiased Calibration of Annular
Array Probes -- The Borehole Televiewer Digital Image Analysis and Processing -- Optimum Focusing in the Ultrasonic Annular Array Imaging System -- Quasi-Real Time Imaging of Pulsed Acoustic Fields -- Analysis of Oblique Angle Scanning
in the Imaging of Multilayered Targets -- NDE and Materials Characterization -- Removing the Effects of Surface Roughness From Low-Frequency Acoustic Images -- Performance Evaluation of Spatial and Time Averaging of Ultrasonic Grain
Signal -- High-Speed Autoraated NDT Device for Niobium Plate Using Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscopy -- Evaluation of Plastic Packages for Integrated Circuits Using Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscopy (SLAM) -- Image Analysis as an Aid
to Quantitative Interpretation of Acoustic Images of Die Attach -- Characterization of Defects in Mn-Zn Ferrites by Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscopy (SLAM) -- Interaction Between Void Parameters and the Outputs of the Scanning Laser
Acoustic Microscope -- Medical Imaging -- Time-Of-Flight Approximation for Medical Ultrasonic Imaging -- Multiplane Deconvolution in Orthographic Ultrasonic Transmission Imaging -- Real-Time Enhancement of Medical Ultrasound Images --
A Surgical Ultrasound System Using an Embedded Personal Computer -- In-Vivo and In-Vitro Measurements of Turbulent Blood Flow Characteristics Using a Multi-Dimensional Ultrasonic Probe -- Ultrasound Two-Dimensional Flow Mapping Using
Fast Spectral Analysis -- Acoustic Holography and Tomography -- Performance Evaluation of Phase-Only Technique for High-Resolution Holographic Imaging -- Diffraction Tomography Algorithms Using the Total Scattered Field -- Efficient
Sampling for Nearfield Acoustic Holography -- Velocity-Based Nearfield Acoustic Holography -- An Examination of Aperture Effects in Cylindrical Nearfield Holography -- Tissue Characterization -- Scanning Acoustic Microscope for
Quantitative Characterization of Biological Tissues -- Estimation of Acoustic Attenuation Coefficient by Using Maximum Entropy Method -- Characterizing Abnormal Human Liver by Its In-Vivo Acoustic Properties -- Non-Linear Parameter
Imaging With Refinement Techniques -- Sono-Elasticity: Medical Elasticity Images Derived From Ultrasound Signals in Mechanically Vibrated Targets -- Tissue Characterization by Spectral Analysis of Ultrasound Video Images -- Inverse
Scattering -- Numeric Evaluation of Backward Wave Propagation Image Reconstruction -- Acoustic Inverse Scattering Images From Simulated Higher Contrast Objects and From Laboratory Test Objects -- Acoustical Imaging Beyond Born and
Rytov -- Surface Imaging Via Wave Equation Inversion -- Accuracy in Phase Tomographic Reconstruction -- A Suboptimal Tomography Reconstruction Technique -- A Fast Reconstruction Algorithm for Diffraction Tomography -- A Computational
Study of Reconstruction Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Diffraction Tomography: Interpolation Versus Interpolation-Free -- Imaging Techniques II -- The Random Phase Transducer: A New Tool for Scattering Medium -- Calibration of
Ultrasonic Transducers by Time Deconvolution of the Diffraction Effects -- Determination of the Impulse Diffraction of an Obstacle by Ray Modeling -- Thermal Wave Imaging in Anisotropic Media -- Characterization of Heterogeneous
Materials Using Transmission Photoacoustic Microscopy -- Acoustic Microscopy -- New Techniques in Differential Phase Contrast Scanning Acoustic Microscopy -- A 100 MHz PVDF Ultrasound Microscope With Biological Applications --
Ferroelectric Polymer Transducers for High Resolution Scanning Acoustic Microscopy -- Multimedia Holographic Image Reconstruction in a Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscope -- Data Acquisition for Scanning Tomographic Acoustic Microscopy
-- Metrology Potential of Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscopes Using Surface Acoustic Waves -- Another Angle on Acoustic Microscopy (Oblique) -- Seismic, Underwater and Source Location -- Surface Shapes Giving Transverse Cusp
Catastrophes in Acoustic or Seismic Echoes -- Acoustic Imagery of the Sea-Bed -- Partial Discrete Vector Space Model for High-Resolution Beamforming -- Acoustical Recognition of Objects in Robotics II. Determination of Type, Pose,
Position, and Orientation -- Applications of Generalized Radon Transform to Inversion Problem of Geophysics -- Mini-Sparker as a Source in Seismic Models -- Spatial Filtering in Seismic Shallow Prospecting -- Participants -- Author
Index
ISBN:9781461307259
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Acoustical Imaging: 16
Keywords: Physics , Acoustics , Physics , Acoustics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781468452211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Aspects of Quantum Theory
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (474 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5221-1
Contents:General Problems and Crucial Experiments -- Are Coherent States the Natural Language of Quantum Theory? -- The Classical Behaviour of Measuring Instruments -- A Continuous Superselection Rule as a Model of Classical Measuring
Apparatus in Quantum Mechanics -- Quantum Interference Effect for Two Atoms Radiating a Single Photon -- Neutron Interferometry and Quantum Mechanics -- An Attempt at a Unified Description of Microscopic and Macroscopic Systems -- On
the Quantum Theory of Continuous Measurements -- Conditional Expectations on Jordan Algebras -- Quantization and Stochastic Processes -- Stochastic Quantization of Gauge Fields and Constrained Systems -- Brownian Motion, Markov
Cosurfaces, Higgs Fields -- Stochastic Description of Supersymmetric Fields with Values in a Manifold -- Quantum Stochastic Calculus in Fock space: A Review -- Quantum Markov Processes Driven by Bose Noise -- Stochastic Interpretation
of Emission and Absorption of the Quantum of Action -- Probabilistic Expression for the Solution of the Dirac Equation in Fourier Space -- Are Dirac Electrons Faster than Light? -- Sojourn Times and First Hitting Times in Stochastic
Mechanics -- Chaotic Behaviour in Quantum Mechanics -- Quantum Systems Periodically Perturbed in Time -- Chaotic Ionization of Highly-Excited Hydrogen Atoms by a Microwave Electric Field -- Possible Evidence of Deterministic Chaos for
the Sinusoidally-Driven Weakly-Bound Electron -- Quantization of Non-Integrable Systems: the Hydrogen Atom in a Magnetic Field -- Quantum Ergodicity and Chaos -- Microscopic and Macroscopic Levels of Description New Techniques and
Results -- Some Fundamental Properties of the Ground State of Atoms and Molecules -- Mass/Energy Gap Associated to Symmetry Breaking: A Generalized Goldstone Theorem for Long Range Interactions -- Embedding as a Description of the
Relation Between Macro- and Microphysics -- Some Applications of Semigroups -- N-Level Systems Interacting with Bosons: Semiclassical Limits -- Bose-Einstein Condensation in Some Interacting Systems -- General Aspects of Gauge Theories
-- Charge, Anomalies and Index Theory -- Adiabatic Phase Shifts for Neutrons and Photons -- The Gauge Principle in Modern Physics -- Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras and Quantum Physics -- The Spins of Cyons and Dyons -- Beyond the
Hall Effect: Pratical Engineering from Relativistic Quantum Field Theory -- Generalized Aharonov-Bohm Experiments with Neutrons -- Round-Table Discussion on the Aharonov-Bohm Effect -- The Aharonov-Bohm Effect is Real Physics not Ideal
Physics -- Again About an Old Stuff: The Aharonov-Bohm “Effect” -- Against the Existence of the Aharonov-Bohm Effect -- Theories Without AB Effect Misrepresent the Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field -- Some Cases of the
Aharonov-Bohm Effect: Electron Scattering on Magnetic Strings -- Global Gauge Invariance in Two-Dimensional Quantum Mechanics -- Gravity in Quantum Mechanics -- Stability of Matter -- Ihe Gravitational Phase Transition -- Gravitational
and Rotational Effects on Superconductors -- Quantum Fields on Manifolds: an Interplay Between Quantum Theory, Statistical Thermodynamics and General Relativity -- Quantum Field Theory in Gravitational Background -- Classical
Scattering Theory on the Schwarzschild Metric and the Construction of Quantum Linear Fields on Black Holes -- The Stochastic versus the Euclidean Approach to Quantum Fields on a Static Space-Time -- Quantum Theory in Vector Bundles --
Anomalies and Their Cancellation -- Remarks about Metric Tensors on Fractal Structures -- Short Communications -- A New Gauge Without Any Ghost for Yang-Mills Theory -- Unitary Formalism for Time-Dependent Problems -- Finite
Temperature Quantum Electrical Network Theory -- Two Remarks on the Physical Content of Stochastic Mechanics -- The LambShift for Resonances: Complex Dilations and Coupling Constant Thresholds in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics --
Energy Density and Roughening in the 3-D Ising Ferromagnet -- Bose-Einstein Condensation of Free Photons -- Variational Principle in Quantum Mechanics -- Geometric Quantum Mechanics -- Spectral Sum Rules for Confinement Potentials --
Metrology of Space-Time Dimension -- Chronological Disordering and the Absence of Correlations between Infinitely Separated States -- On Solutions of Quantum Stochastic Integral Equations
ISBN:9781468452211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 144
Keywords: Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400952713:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inverse Methods in Electromagnetic Imaging Part 2
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (3 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5271-3
Contents:Table of Contents (Part 2) -- TOPIC III (Papers are cross-referenced with the Final Technical Program (Outline. Given are session and sequence of presentation, i.e., OS.3) -- III.10 (SR.4) Study of Two Scatterer Interference with a
Polarimetric FM/CW Radar -- III.11 (SP.5) Polarization Dependence in Angle Tracking Systems -- III.12 (SS.4) Interpretation of High Resolution Polarimetric Radar Target Down-Range Signatures Using Kennaugh’s and Huynen’s Target
Characteristic Operator Theories -- III.13 (MM.5) Demands on Polarization Purity in the Measurement and Imaging of Distributed Clutter -- III.14 (SP.2) Polarization Vector Signal Processing for Radar Clutter Suppression -- Topic IV —
Image Quality and Image Resolution in Remote Sensing and Surveillance -- IV.1 (RS.1) The Radiative Transfer Approach in Electromagnetic Imaging -- IV.2 (RP.4) Towards a Theory of Perception for Radar Targets with Application to the
Analysis of Their Data Base Structures and Presentations -- IV.3 (SI.4) Radar Imagery -- IV.4 (SI.1) Inverse Methods Applied to Microwave Target Imaging -- IV.5 (SR.1) (SP.4) Optimum Detection Techniques in Relation to Shape and Size
of Objects, Motion Pattern and Material Composition -- IV.6 (RS.3) Inverse Methods for Ocean Wave Imaging By Sar -- IV.7 (RS.2) Inverse Methods in Rough-Surface Scattering -- IV.8 (SI.2) On the Optimum Detection of Surface Chemical
Compounds -- IV.9 (SI.3) Inversion Problems in Sar Imaging -- IV.10 (SI.5) Inverse Methods in Radio Glaciology -- IV.11 (MI.1) Fast Millimeter Wave Imaging -- IV.12 (IM.2) Electromagnetic Low Frequency Imaging -- IV.13 (MI.5)
Electromagnetic Imaging of Dielectric Targets -- IV.14 (MI.3) A Four-Channel Millimeter-Wave On-Line Imaging Method -- TOPIC V — Holographic and Tomographic Imaging and Related Phase Problems -- V.1 (0I.1) The Holographic Principle --
V.2 (PT.1) Review of Tomographic Imaging Methods Applied to Medical Imaging -- V.3 (MM.1) Inverse Methods in Microwave Metrology -- V.4 (MI.2) Holographic & Tomographic Imaging with Microwaves and Ultrasound -- V.5 (PT.4) Diffraction
Tomography -- V.6 (PT.3) Algorithms and Error Analysis for Diffraction Tomo-Graphy Using the Born and Rytov Approximations -- V.7 (PT.5) Extension of Scalar to Vector Propagation Tomography — A Computer Numerical Approach -- V.8 (OI.4)
Image Processing: Analysis Beyond Matched Filtering -- V.9 (OI.3) Modifications of the Gerchberg Method Applied to Electromagnetic Imaging -- V.10 (MI.4) Phase Comparison Monopulse Side Scan Radar -- V.11 (MM.4) Diagnostic Measurements
and Analysis of Wave Mechanisms in Radomes -- V.12 (OI.2) Synthesis & Detection of Electromagnetic Authenticity Features -- V.13 (SR.5) Improvement of Image Fidelity in Microwave Imaging Through Diversity Techniques -- V.14 (SP.6*)
Far-Field to Near-Field Transforms in Spherical Coordinates -- TOPIC VI — Working Discussion Group Reports -- VI Final Reports of Working Discussion Groups Background -- VI.1 Mathematical Inversion Methods and Transient Techniques
(W-A) -- VI.2 Numerical Instabilities in Electromagnetic Inverse Problems (W-B) -- VI.3 Polarization Utilization in High Resolution Imaging (W-C) -- VI.4 Definition of Image Quality and Image Resolution in Remote Sensing and
Surveillance (W-D) -- VI.5 Holographic and Tomographic Imaging and Related Phase Problems (W-E) -- VI.6 Enhancement of Interaction Between Active R&DLabs within Nato-Member Countries on the Subject of Electromagnetic Imaging (W-F) --
VI.7 Overall Final Report -- Final Technical Program Outline -- Keyword Index -- Author Index -- List of Invitees
ISBN:9789400952713
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 143
Keywords: Science , Science, general , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781489921451:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Metrology and Fundamental Physical Constants
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (658 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-2145-1
ISBN:9781489921451
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series, Series B: Physics: 98
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Quantum Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783540370437:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical Data Processing Applications
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (288 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0057980
Contents:Basic concepts -- Optical transforms and coherent processing systems —with insights from crystallography -- Optical image enhancement and image restoration -- Synthetic aperture radar -- Optical processing in photogrammetry --
Nondestructive testing and metrology -- Biomedical applications of coherent optics -- Optical signal processing
ISBN:9783540370437
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Topics in Applied Physics: 23
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9781468428056:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Superconductor Applications: SQUIDs and Machines
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (737 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2805-6
Contents:I — Squids -- 1: The Historical Context of Josephson’s Discovery -- 2: Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in Superconductors -- 3: Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices for Low Frequency Measurements -- 4: Equivalent Circuits and
Analogs of the Josephson Effect -- 5: Superconducting Devices for Metrology and Standards -- 6: High Frequency Properties and Applications of Josephson Junctions from Microwaves to Far-Infrared -- 7: Fabrication of Josephson Junctions
-- 8: Biomagnetism -- 9: A Progress Report on Commercial Superconducting Instruments in the United States -- 10: Resistive Devices -- 11: “Hot Superconductors”: The Physics and Applications of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity -- 12:
Computer Applications of Josephson Junctions -- 13: Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in Canada -- 14: Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in France -- 15: Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in
Germany -- 16: Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in Italy -- 17: Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in the Netherlands -- 18: Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in the United Kingdom -- 19:
Programs on Small-Scale Superconducting Devices in the United States -- II — Machines -- 20: Large-Scale Applications of Superconductivity -- I — SQUIDs -- II — Machines
ISBN:9781468428056
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series B: Physics: 21
Keywords: Materials science , Materials Science , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1976-9781468426823:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants 5
Author(s):
Date:1976
Size:1 online resource (681 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2682-3
Contents:1 The Fundamental Constants and Metrology -- 2 Gamma rays -- 3 Alpha and Beta Decays -- 4 Nuclear Reactions -- 5 Mass Spectrometry -- 6 Theory of Nuclear Binding Energies -- 7 Atomic Mass Formulae -- 8 Time and Frequency Measurements
and the Speed of Light -- 9 Wavelength Comparison -- 10 The Josephson Effects and 2e/h -- 11 Magnetic Moments -- 12 Miscellaneous Constants -- 13 Relativity, Time Variation of the Constants, and Philosophical Considerations -- 14
Evaluation -- 15 Conference Summary
ISBN:9781468426823
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781461589785:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science and Technology of Superconductivity Proceedings of a summer course held August 13–26, 1971, at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (400 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-8978-5
Contents:of Volume 2 -- III: Technological Applications -- Superconducting Power Transmission -- Application of Superconductivity in Thermonuclear Fusion Research -- Application of Superconductors to Motors and Generators -- Superconducting
Coils -- Physics of Superconducting Devices -- Superconductivity in DC Voltage Metrology -- Electric and Magnetic Shielding with Superconductors -- Superconductive Computer Devices -- Superconductors in Thermometry -- Millimeter and
Submillimeter Detectors and Devices -- Magnetometers and Interference Devices -- IV: Panel Discussion -- The Scientific, Technological, and Economic Implications of Advances in Superconductivity -- V: Conclusions and Summary -- The
Technological Implications of Superconductivity in the Next Decade -- A Summary of the Course -- VI: Appendices -- 1. Program -- 2. Invited Speakers -- 3. Participant List -- 4. Problems -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461589785
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Superconductivity , Superconductors , Materials science , Physics , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1972-9781468478761:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants 4 Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants held at Teddington England September 1971
Author(s):
Date:1972
Size:1 online resource (572 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-7876-1
Contents:1 Particle Energies -- New Alpha Energy Standards -- Influence of Atomic Effects on Nuclear Reaction Energies -- Gamma Ray Energy vs. Particle Energy Measurements -- Masses of Light Nuclei Far from Stability -- Energy Determinations
in Medium and Heavy Nuclei -- Mass Measurements of Neutron Excessive Nuclei by the (11B, 8B) Reaction -- Influence of Straggling Effects on the Accurate Measurement of Nuclear Reaction Energies -- 2 Beta and Gamma Energies --
Improvements in the Determination of ?-Spectra End-Point Energies -- Decay Energies of Far Unstable Nuclei -- Accurate Fermi Beta Decay Measurements and the Magnitude of the Weak Interaction Vector Coupling Constant -- Gamma-Ray
Energies Measured with Ge(Li) Spectrometer -- Measurement of (n,?)—Lines with A High-Resolution Dumond Type Diffractometer -- Capture Reaction Q-Values with Sub-keV Accuracy -- 3 Mass Spectroscopy -- Recent Determinations of Atomic
Mass Differences at the University of Manitoba -- Recent Determination of the Atomic Masses of H, D, 35Cl and 37Cl at Osaka University -- Recent Precision Mass Measurements at Princeton -- Recent Minnesota Mass Results -- On-Line Mass
Spectrometric Analysis of Far Unstable Light Nuclei Produced in High Energy Nuclear Reactions. Present Status and the Prospect of Direct Mass Measurements -- Image Aberrations of Double Focusing Mass Spectrometers -- Fast On-Line
Analysis of Fission Products and the. Products of Heavy Ion Reactions -- Measurements of Atom Masses in the Region from Titanium to Iron -- 4 Coulomb Energies -- Coulomb Energies and Nuclear Shapes -- Masses of 36K 80, 82Rb from
Thresholds for (p,n) Reactions and Coulomb Energy Systematics Near A = 36 -- 5 Mass Formulae and Mass Calculations -- Shell Model Masses and Nuclear Structure -- A Deformable Mass Formula and Fisson Data -- Mass Formula for Low Charge
Atomic Nuclei -- Is there a Relation Between the Nuclear Binding Energy and the Parameters of the Variable Moment of the Inertia Model? -- Mass Extrapolation and Mass Formulae -- Problems Connected with Calculations of Atomic Masses
from Experimental Data -- The 1971 Atomic Mass Evaluation -- 6 Velocity of Light -- Progress with a Determination of the Speed of Light: Introduction -- Progress with a Determination of the Speed of Light I. Far Infra-Red Frequency
Measurements and Two-Laser Mixing -- Progress with a Determination of the Speed of Light Il. Techniques for High-Accuracy Frequency Measurement in the Far Infra-Red -- Progress with a Determination of the Speed of Light Ill.
Up-Conversion of Carbon Dioxide Laser Radiation as a Means of Measuring Visible Laser Frequencies -- Determination of the Velocity of Light at the Kharkov Institute of Metrology -- The Constancy of the Velocity of Light and Prospects
for a Unified Standardization of Time, Frequency and Length -- 7 Wavelength Comparisons -- Intercomparison of Micrometer, Nanometer and Picometer Wavelengths -- Longueur d’Onde du Laser Asservi sur le Methane Rapportée à la Longueur
d’Onde Etalon de la Definition du Metre -- 8 Fine Structure Constant -- Review of Spectroscopic Data for Determining The Fine Structure Constant -- Muonium HFS Splitting as a Source of Alpha -- Electron Spectroscopy and the Fine
Structure Constant -- 9 2e/h -- A Comparison of 2e/h Determinations at NSL Using Point-Contact and Thin-Film Josephson Junctions -- Recent Results of the e/h-measurement at PTB -- Recent NPL Work on e/h -- Measurements of 2e/h via the
AC Josephson Effect -- 10 Rydberg Constant -- Results and Possibilities in the Determination of the Rydberg Constant -- A New Measurement of the Rydberg -- Determination of the Rydberg Constant from the He II n = 3–4 (4686A) Line
Complex -- Excitation-Dependent Characteristics of H and He II Lines Used In Determining The Rydberg Constant -- 11 Magnetic Moments -- Recent NPL Work on ?p/?N -- New Determination of the Magnetic Moment of Proton in the Units of
Nuclear Magneton -- Gyromagnetic Ratio of the Proton: Progress with the NPL weak-field apparatus -- A MICS for ?’p Determination -- Determination of ?’p at the National Bureau of Standards -- The g-Factor Anomalies of the Electron and
Position -- Precise Measurement of the Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon -- 12 Miscellaneous Constants -- Lattice Spacing Measurements And Avogadro’s Number -- Determination of the Faraday By Means of the Iodine Coulometer -- The
Gravitational Constant G -- A Proposal for a New Determination of the Gas Constant -- Volume normal moléculaire, Vo, des gaz à l’état idéal -- 13 Evaluation -- A Reevaluation of the Fundamental Physical Constants -- 14 Conference
Summary -- AMCO-4 Conference Summary
ISBN:9781468478761
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:QC785.5-N831X,:VA369,:N2/3 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radionuclide metrology and its applications : International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology Symposium on Radionuclide Metrology and Its Applications (ICRM '95), Paris, France, May 15-19, 1995
Conference:Symposium on Radionuclide Metrology and Its Applications, Paris, France, 1995
Author(s):
Date:1996
Publisher:Elsevier Science, Amsterdam
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Location: JOURNAL

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Call number:QC39.R33::2010 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evaluating measurement accuracy : a practical approach
Author(s): S. G. (Semyon G.) Rabinovich
Date:2010
Publisher:New York : Springer
ISBN:9781441914552
Keywords: Measurement , Metrology
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Call number:QB275.G47::1976 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geodesy and metrology at CERN : a source of economy for the SPS programme
Author(s): Jean Gervaise
Date:1976
Publisher:European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva
Size:19
Series:CERN-76-19
Keywords: Geodesy Observations.
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Report-number:CERN-76-19

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Image This book is only available through interlibrary loan. (email library@fnal.gov if you would like this title added to the Library collection.)
Call number:ILL161219894 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Springer handbook of metrology and testing
Author(s): Horst Czichos
ISBN:9783642166402
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Call number:APCPC:V788 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:CHARACTERIZATION AND METROLOGY FOR ULSI TECHNOLOGY 2005
Author(s): David G. Seiler
Alain C. Diebold
Robert McDonald
Caroline R. Ayre
Rajinder P. Khosla
Stefan Zollner
Erik M. Secula
Date:2005
Publisher:AIP Publishing
Note:AIP Conference Proceedings eBook platform
ISBN:0735402779
Series:AIP Conference Proceedings v.788
Series:e-Books
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Call number:APCPC:V683 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:CHARACTERIZATION AND METROLOGY FOR ULSI TECHNOLOGY 2003 International Conference on Characterization and Metrology for ULSI Technology
Author(s): David G. Seiler
Alain C. Diebold
Thomas J. Shaffner
Robert McDonald
Stefan Zollner
Rajinder P. Khosla
Erik M. Secula
Date:2003
Publisher:AIP Publishing
Note:AIP Conference Proceedings eBook platform
ISBN:0735401527
Series:AIP Conference Proceedings v.683
Series:e-Books
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Call number:APCPC:V550 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:CHARACTERIZATION AND METROLOGY FOR ULSI TECHNOLOGY 2000
Author(s): David G. Seiler
Patrick J. Smith
Alain C. Diebold
Robert McDonald
W. Murray Bullis
Thomas J. Shaffner
Erik M. Secula
Date:2001
Publisher:AIP Publishing
Note:AIP Conference Proceedings eBook platform
ISBN:156396967X
Series:AIP Conference Proceedings v.550
Series:e-Books
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Call number:APCPC:V1395 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:FRONTIERS OF CHARACTERIZATION AND METROLOGY FOR NANOELECTRONICS 2011
Author(s): David G. Seiler
Alain C. Diebold
Robert McDonald
Amal Chabli
Erik M. Secula
Date:2011
Publisher:AIP Publishing
Note:AIP Conference Proceedings eBook platform
ISBN:9780735409651
Series:AIP Conference Proceedings v.1395
Series:e-Books
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Call number:APCPC:V1173 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:FRONTIERS OF CHARACTERIZATION AND METROLOGY FOR NANOELECTRONICS 2009
Author(s): Erik M. Secula
David G. Seiler
Rajinder P. Khosla
Dan Herr
C. Michael Garner
Robert McDonald
Alain C. Diebold
Date:2009
Publisher:AIP Publishing
Note:AIP Conference Proceedings eBook platform
ISBN:9780735407121
Series:AIP Conference Proceedings v.1173
Series:e-Books
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