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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD MINERALOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/13349.66 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword mineralogy ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319461793:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Assessment and Mitigation of Asteroid Impact Hazards Proceedings of the 2015 Barcelona Asteroid Day
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (X, 256 p. 65 illus., 31 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Barcelona Asteroid Day 2015: Revisiting the Threat by Asteroid and Comet Impact -- Dynamic Sources of Contemporary Hazard From Meteoroids and Small Asteroids -- The Chemistry of Solar System Materials: Sun, Planets, Asteroids,
Meteorites and Dust -- Shape Models and Physical Properties of Asteroids -- Asteroid Mining: Mineral Resources in Undifferentiated Bodies From the Chemical Composition of Carbonaceous Chondrites -- Atomistic Simulations of Aqueous
Alteration Processes of Mafic Silicates in Carbonaceous Chondrites -- Measuring the Terminal Heights of Bolides to Understand the Atmospheric Flight of Large Asteroidal Fragments -- Constraining the Pre-Atmospheric Parameters of Large
Meteoroids: Košice, A Case Study -- Detection of Nocturnal and Daylight Bolides From Ebre Observatory in the Framework of the SPMN Fireball Network -- Natural Hazard Associated to Shock Waves of Meter-Sized Meteoroids -- Chelyabinsk
Meteorite As A Proxy for Studying the Properties of Potentially Hazardous Asteroids and Impact Deflection Strategies -- Asteroids, Comets and Meteorite-Dropping Bolides Studied From the Montsec Astronomical Observatory.
ISBN:9783319461793
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Planetology , Physics , Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astron , Planetology , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461474616:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Arnold Sommerfeld [electronic resource] : Science, Life and Turbulent Times 1868-1951
Author(s): Michael Eckert
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Arnold Sommerfeld (1868-1951) belongs with Max Planck (1858-1947), Albert Einstein (1879-1955) and Niels Bohr (1885-1962) among the founders of modern theoretical physics, a science that developed into a budding discipline duringhis lifetime. Sommerf eld witnessed many of the most dramatic scientific, cultural and political events of this era. His correspondence with his family offers a vivid testament to the challenges and joys of a life in science. Thisbiography attempts to reconstruct Sommerfelds l ife and work not only from the perspective of his achievements in theoretical physics but also with the goal of portraying the career of a scientist within the social and politicalenvironment in which it evolved. It is based to a large extent on Sommerfel ds voluminous correspondence, which sheds light both on his private and scientific life. Furthermore, it provides an authentic view on the circumstances thatshaped Sommerfelds career in different places Knigsberg, Gttingen, Clausthal, Aachen, Munich and in different institutional and disciplinary settings mineralogy, mathematics, engineering, physics. Although thisbiography is not a study of Sommerfelds school, it also renders transparent what made this group of physicists so unique and gave its founde r the aura of a charismatic teacher. This becomes particularly evident in the reverence withwhich he was received by his hosts during his travels all over the world travels that Sommerfeld perceived as cultural missions. International politics, personal zeal and scientific interests became closely entangled at suchoccasions. Such an entanglement is by no means uncommon in the history of science but it is rarely observed so persistently as in Sommerfelds case
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prologue
Knigsberg Roots
Setting the Course
Klein's Assistant
Clausthal
Aachen
Munich
Physics in War and Peace
The Quantum Pope
Wave Mechanics
Cultural Ambassador
Descent
The Bitter Years
Carrying On
Legacy
Epilogue
Backmatter
ISBN:9781461474616
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461469490:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Moon's Near Side Megabasin and Far Side Bulge [electronic resource]
Author(s): Charles Byrne
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since Luna and Lunar Orbiter photographed the far side of the Moon, the mysterious dichotomy between the face of the Moon as we see it from Earth and the side of the Moon that is hidden has puzzled lunar scientists. As we learnedmore from the Apollo sample return missions and later robotic satellites, the puzzle literally deepened, showing asymmetry of the crust and mantle, all the way to the core of the Moon. This book summarizes the authors successfulsearch for an ancient impact feature, the Near S ide Megabasin of the Moon and the extensions to impact theory needed to find it. The implications of this ancient event are developed to answer many of the questions about the history ofthe Moon
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Chapter 1: The asymmetric nature of the Moon differences between the near and far sides
Chapter 2: Impact dynamics from craters to ringed basins to giant basins
Chapter 3: A model of large lunar impact cavities and their external ejecta
Chapter 4: The search for ancient impacts
Chapter 5: The Near Side Megabasin
Chapter 6: Age of the Near Side Megabasin
Chapter 7: The far side megabasin (the South Pole Aitken Basin)
Chapter 8: A dynamic model of the history of the Moon
Chapter 9: Implications to the surface mineral distribution and thermal history of
ISBN:9781461469490
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Astronomy, 2191-9100
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mineralogy , Planetology , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400741539:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geostatistics Oslo 2012 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Petter Abrahamsen
Ragnar Hauge
Odd Kolbjrnsen
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book consists of 44 technical papers presented at the Ninth International Geostatistics Congress held in Oslo, Norway in June 2012. The papers have been reviewed by a panel of specialists in Geostatistics.The book isdivided into four main sectio ns: Theory Petroleum Mining and Environment, Climate and Hydrology.The first section focuses on new ideas of general interest to many fields of applications. The next sections are more focused on theparticular needs of the particular industry or activity. Geostatistics is vital to any industry dependent on natural resources. Methods from geostatistics are used for estimating reserves, quantifying economical risk and planningof future industrial operations. Geostatistics is also an important tool for mappi ng environmental hazard and integrating climate data
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Part I Theory
Sequential simulation with iterative methods
Applications of randomized methods for decomposing and simulating from large covariance matrices
Event
based geostatistical modeling: description and applications
A plurigaussian model for simulating regionalized compositions
New flexible non
parametric data transformation for trans
Gaussian kriging
Revisiting the linear model of coregionalisation
Modeling nonlinear beta probability fields
Approximations of high
order spatial statistics through decomposition
Multip
ISBN:9789400741539
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics, 0924-1973 : v17
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Geography , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048192588:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Pressure Crystallography [electronic resource] : From Fundamental Phenomena to Technological Applications
Author(s): Elena Boldyreva
Przemyslaw Dera
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is devoted to the theme of crystallographic studies at high pressure, with emphasis on the phenomena characteristic to the compressed state of matter, as well as experimental and theoretical techniques used to studythese phenomena. As a the rmodynamic parameter, pressure is remarkable in many ways. In the visible universe its value spans over sixty orders of magnitude, from the non-equilibrium pressure of hydrogen in intergalactic space, to thekind of pressure encountered within neutron star s. In the laboratory, it provides the unique possibility to control the structure and properties of materials, to dramatically alter electronic properties, and to break existing, or formnew chemical bonds. This agenda naturally encompasses elements of phy sics (properties, structure and transformations), chemistry (reactions, transport), materials science (new materials) and engineering (mechanical properties) inaddition it has direct applications and implications for geology (minerals in deep Earth enviro nments), planetary sciences, biology and medicine
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction to high pressure science
Single crystal synchrotron techniques
Synchrotron high
pressure high
temperature techniques
Mineral physics of Earth core: iron alloys at extreme condition
Synchrotron
based spectroscopic techniques: Mssbauer and high
resolution inelastic scattering
High
pressure x
ray absorption spectroscopy: application to the local aspects of phase transitions in ferroelectric perovskites
Present
day high
intensity and high
resolution neutron diffraction and neutron scattering under high pressure
Large volume presses for high
pressure s
ISBN:9789048192588
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mineralogy , Crystallography , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642132599:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astromineralogy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Thomas Henning
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Astromineralogy deals with the science of gathering mineralogical information from the astronomical spectroscopy of asteroids, comets and dust in the circumstellar environments in general. This field has received a tremendousboost with the reliable i dentification of minerals by the Infrared Space Observatory. The first edition of this book, published in 2003, was the first comprehensive and coherent account of this exciting field. Data obtained in themeantime with the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope , the stardust mission to the comet 81P / Wild 2, and with the Cassini mission, together with progress in ground-based observations and laboratory astrophysics form the basis for thisupdated and widely extended second edition.Beyond addressing the special ist in the field, the book is intended as a high-level but readable introduction to astromineralogy for both the nonspecialist researcher and the advancedstudent
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Dust Astrophysics Towards Dust Mineralogy A Historical Review
Formation and Evolution of Minerals in Accretion Disks and Stellar Outflows
The Mineralogy of Interstellar and Circumstellar Dust in Galaxies
The Mineralogy of Cometary Dust
The In
Situ Study of Solid Particles in the Solar System
The Astromineralogy of Interplanetary Dust Particles
The Most Primitive Material in Meteorites
Laboratory Astrophysics of Cosmic Dust Analogues
ISBN:9783642132599
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v815
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Mineralogy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402089831:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polymineral-Metasomatic Crystallogenesis [electronic resource]
Author(s): Arkady E Glikin
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Polymineral-Metasomatic Crystallogenesis is dedicated to the foundations of polymineral crystallogenesis in solutions typically occurring in nature. Effects, laws, and mechanisms of a metasomatic crystal replacement, joint crystalgrowth of different phases, mixed crystal formation, and aggregate re-crystallization as well as oriented overgrowth (epitaxy and quasi-epitaxy) and crystal habit origin are considered experimentally. The behaviour of these processesin nature are discussed in addition to pse udomorphs, poikilitic crystals (and other replacement forms), features of rapakivi structure, fluorite morphology, and many more. The concept is a generalization of the classic theory oncrystallogenesis which is complicated by phase interaction in polymin eral systems. Polymineral-Metasomatic Crystallogenesis is designed for chemists, geologists, physicists, and postgraduates and advanced undergraduate students ofthese fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Replacement of Monocrystals
Joint Growth of Crystals of Different Phases
Formation of Mixed Crystals in Solutions
Physicochemical Analysis of Metasomatic Crystallogenesis
Metasomatic Transformation of Aggregates
Epitaxy and Quasiepitaxy in Solutions
Crystal Faceting
ISBN:9781402089831
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540852261:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:EMC 2008 14th European Microscopy Congress 15 September 2008, Aachen, Germany [electronic resource] : Volume 2: Materials Science
Author(s): Silvia Richter
Alexander Schwedt
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Proceedings of the14th European Microscopy Congress, held in Aachen, Germany, 1-5 September 2008. Jointly organised by the European Microscopy Society (EMS), the German Society for Electron Microscopy (DGE) and the localmicroscopists from RWTH Aachen University and the Research Centre Jlich, the congress brings together scientists from Europe and from all over the world. The scientific programme covers all recent developments in the three majorareas of instrumentation and methods, materials science a nd life science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Materials Science
Materials for Information Technology
Nanomaterials and Catalysts
Structural and Functional Materials
Soft Matter and Polymers
Materials in Mineralogy, Geology and Archaeology
ISBN:9783540852261
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387347585:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transmission Electron Microscopy [electronic resource] : Physics of Image Formation
Author(s): Helmut Kohl
Ludwig Reimer
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Transmission Electron Microscopy: Physics of Image Formation presents the theory of image and contrast formation, and the analytical modes in transmission electron microscopy. The principles of particle and wave optics ofelectrons are described. Elec tron-specimen interactions are discussed for evaluating the theory of scattering and phase contrast. Also discussed are the kinematical and dynamical theories of electron diffraction and their applicationsfor crystal-structure analysis and imaging of latt ices and their defects. X-ray microanalysis and electron energy-loss spectroscopy are treated as analytical methods. Specimen damage and contamination by electron irradiation limits theresolution for biological and some inorganic specimens. This fifth edi tion includes discussion of recent progress, especially in the area of aberration correction and energy filtering moreover, the topics introduced in the fourthedition have been updated. Transmission Electron Microscopy: Physics of Image Formation is writt en for scientists and application engineers in fields such as physics, chemistry, mineralogy, materials science and biology. Researchers,students, and other users of a transmission electron microscope can also benefit from this text
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Particle Optics of Electrons
Wave Optics of Electrons
Elements of a Transmission Electron Microscope
Electron
Specimen Interactions
Scattering and Phase Contrast for Amorphous Specimens
Theory of Electron Diffraction
Electron Diffraction Modes and Applications
Imaging of Crystalline Specimens and Their Deffects
Elemental Analysis by X
Ray and Electron Energy
Loss Spectroscopy
Specimen Damage by Electron Irradiation. References
Index
ISBN:9780387347585
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v36
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Cytology , Condensed matter , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540498537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mssbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 49 September 2005 Volume II (Part IIIV/V)/ edited by P.-E. Lippens, J.-C. Jumas, J.-M. R. Gnin
Author(s): P.-E Lippens
J.-C Jumas
J.-M. R Gnin
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an up-to-date overview of the Mssbauer effect in physics, chemistry, electrochemistry, catalysis, biology, medicine, geology, mineralogy, archaeology and materials science. It is of great interest for graduatestudents and researche rs who work in one of these scientific areas or use the Mssbauer spectroscopy. In addition to the traditional topics, the book contains the most recent developments of the technique especially in the fields ofnanoparticles, thin films, surfaces, interface s, magnetism, experimentation, theory, medical and industrial applications and Mars exploration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540498537
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540498506:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mssbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 49 September 2005, Volume I (Part III/V)/ edited by P. -E. Lippens, J. -C. Jumas , J. -M. R. Gnin
Author(s): P. -E Lippens
J. -C Jumas
J. -M. R Gnin
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an up-to-date overview of the Mssbauer effect in physics, chemistry, electrochemistry, catalysis, biology, medicine, geology, mineralogy, archaeology and materials science. It is of great interest for graduatestudents and researche rs who work in one of these scientific areas or use the Mssbauer spectroscopy. In addition to the traditional topics, the book contains the most recent developments of the technique especially in the fields ofnanoparticles, thin films, surfaces, interface s, magnetism, experimentation, theory, medical and industrial applications and Mars exploration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540498506
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402053535:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optically Anomalous Crystals [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Shtukenberg
Yurii O Punin
Bart Kahr
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Optical anomalies in crystals are puzzles that collectively constituted the greatest unsolved problems in crystallography in the 19th Century. The most common anomaly is a discrepancy between a crystals symmetry as determinedby its shape or by X-ray analysis, and that determined by monitoring the polarization state of traversing light. These discrepancies were perceived as a great impediment to the development of the sciences of crystals on the basis ofCuries Symmetry Principle, the grand organizing idea in the physical sciences to emerge in the latter half of the 19th Century. Optically Anomalous Crystals begins with an historical introduction covering the contributions ofBrewster, Biot, Mallard, Brauns, Tamman, and many other distinguished crystall ographers. From this follows a tutorial in crystal optics. Further chapters discuss the two main mechanisms of optical dissymmetry: 1. the piezo-opticeffect, and 2. the kinetic ordering of atoms. The text then tackles complex, inhomogeneous crystals, and the complex optical properties resulting from the superposition of anomalies having various etiologies. The book treats theliterature comprehensively, but uses illustrations from the authors laboratories as the subjects of detailed analyses. This is an in valuable text for crystallographers, mineralogists, and petrologists interested in the growth ofminerals and synthetic crystals, and their optical properties. It is also ideally suited to students of optical mineralogy, professional scientists and enginee rs as well as historians of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Crystal Optics
Stress Induced Optical Anomalies
Kinetic Ordering
Disordering
Heterogeneous Crystals
Superimposition of Optical Anomalies
ISBN:9781402053535
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Mineralogy , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540332428:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetism: A Synchrotron Radiation Approach [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eric Beaurepaire
Herv Bulou
Fabrice Scheurer
Jean-Paul Kappler
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume contains the edited lectures of the fourth Mittelwihr school on Magnetism and Synchrotron Radiation. This series of events introduces graduate students and nonspecialists from related disciplines to the field ofmagnetism and magnetic mate rials with emphasis on synchrotron radiation as an experimental tool of investigation. These lecture notes present in particular the state of the art regarding the analysis of magnetic properties of newmaterials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Magnetism
Spectroscopies: an Introduction
Dynamic Aspects of Magnetism
X
Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism: Historical Perspective and Recent Highlights
Synchrotron Radiation
Bands Structure Theory of Dichroism
Hitchhiker`s Guide to Multiplet Calculations
Resonant X
Ray Sattering: A Theoretical Introduction
Magnetic Imaging
High Angle Magnetic X
Ray Diffraction
Spin
Polarized Photoemission
Molecular Magnetism
Magnetism Under Pressure With Synchrotron Radiation
X
Ray Spectroscopy and Magnetism in Mineralogy
Materials for Spintronics
ISBN:9783540332428
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v697
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402039201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron Crystallography [electronic resource] : Novel Approaches for Structure Determination of Nanosized Materials
Author(s): Thomas E Weirich
Jnos L Lbr
Xiaodong Zou
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:During the last decade we have been witness to several exciting achievements in electron crystallography. This includes structural and charge density studies on organic molecules complicated inorganic and metallic materials in theamorphous, nano-, me so- and quasi-crystalline state and also development of new software, tailor-made for the special needs of electron crystallography. Moreover, these developments have been accompanied by a now available newgeneration of computer controlled electron micros copes equipped with high-coherent field-emission sources, cryo-specimen holders, ultra-fast CCD cameras, imaging plates, energy filters and even correctors for electron opticaldistortions. Thus, a fast and semi-automatic data acquisition from small sample areas, similar to what we today know from imaging plates diffraction systems in X-ray crystallography, can be envisioned for the very near future. Thisprogress clearly shows that the contribution of electron crystallography is quite unique, as it enables to reveal the intimate structure of samples with high accuracy but on much smaller samples than have ever been investigated byX-ray diffraction. As a tribute to these tremendous recent achievements, this NATO Advanced Study Institute was devoted to the n ovel approaches of electron crystallography for structure determination of nanosized materials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is Electron Crystallography?
Exploiting Sub
ngstrom Abilities:
The Way Forward for Electron Crystallography
Symmetry and Structure
Experimental techniques
to Electron Diffraction
Symmetry Determinations by Electron Diffraction
Electron Diffraction Structure Analysis
Quantitative Electron Diffraction Structure Analysis (EDSA)
Quantification of Texture Patterns
Quantitative Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction
New Instrumentation for TEM Electron Diffraction Structure Analysis: Electron Diffractometry Combined with Beam Precession
Role of Electron Powde
ISBN:9781402039201
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, 1568-2609 : v211
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Catalysis , Mineralogy , Crystallography , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402033377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutron and X-ray Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franoise Hippert
Erik Geissler
Jean Louis Hodeau
Eddy Lelivre-Berna
Jean-Ren Regnard
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Neutron and X-Ray Spectroscopy delivers an up-to-date account of the principles and practice of inelastic and spectroscopic methods available at neutron and synchrotron sources, including recent developments. The chapters arebased on a course of lect ures and practicals (the HERCULES course) delivered to young scientists who require these methods in their professional careers. Each chapter, written by a leading specialist in the field, introduces the basicconcepts of the technique and provides an over view of recent work. This volume, which focuses on spectroscopic techniques in synchrotron radiation and inelastic neutron scattering, will be a primary source of information forphysicists, chemists and materials scientists who wish to acquire a basic und erstanding of these techniques and to discover the possibilities offered by them. Emphasizing the complementarity of the neutron and X-ray methods, thistutorial will also be invaluable to scientists already working in neighboring fields who seek to extend their knowledge
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals of X
ray absorption and dichroism: the multiplet approach. Multiple scattering theory applied to X
ray absorption near
edge structure. X
ray magnetic circular dichroism. Extended X
ray absorption fine structure. Inelastic X
ray scattering from collective atom dynamics. Photoelectron spectroscopy. Anomalous scattering and diffraction anomalous fine structure. Soft X
ray photoelectron emission microscopy (X
PEEM). X
ray intensity fluctuation spectroscopy. Vibrational spectroscopy at surfaces and interfaces using synchrotron sources and free electron lasers
Neutron spectroscopy. I
ISBN:9781402033377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mineralogy , Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662091562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Orientations and Rotations Computations in Crystallographic Textures
Author(s): Adam Morawiec
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (200 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-09156-2
Contents:1 Preliminaries -- 2 Parameterizations -- 3 Geometry of the Rotation Space -- 4 More on Small Orientation Changes -- 5 Some Statistical Issues -- 6 Symmetry -- 7 Misorientation Angle and Axis Distributions -- 8 Crystalline Interfaces
and Symmetry -- 9 Crystallographic Textures -- 10 Diffraction Geometry -- 11 Effective Elastic Properties of Polycrystals -- References
ISBN:9783662091562
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mineralogy , Geometry , Crystallography , Materials science , Physics , Crystallography , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Mineralogy , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402028526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2003 Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2003) held in Muscat, Oman, 21–25 September 2003
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (656 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2852-6
Contents:Mössbauer Instrument Package MS-2000IP -- Nuclear Resonant Scattering of Synchrotron Radiation as a Method for Distinction between Covariant Ether Theories and Special Relativity -- Mössbauer Spectrometer with Novel Moving System and
Resonant Detection of Gamma Rays -- Angular Distribution of Hyperfine Magnetic Field in Fe3O4 and Fe66Ni34 from Mössbauer Polarimetry -- Two-Dimensional Mössbauer Spectra -- 57Fe Mössbauer Study of Magnetic Nanowires -- Synthesis and
Mössbauer Study of Maghemite Nanowire Arrays -- Mössbauer Characterization of Iron-Based Nanogranular Films -- Mössbauer Study of Nanocrystalline ?-Fe3?xCoxN System -- Mössbauer Studies of Nanosize CuFe2O4 Particles -- Mössbauer
Studies on Nanocrystalline Diol Capped ?-Fe2O3 -- Hyperfine and Structural Properties of the Mechanically Alloyed (FeMn)30Cu70 System -- 197Au Mössbauer Study of Bimetallic Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemical Technique -- Phase
Composition and Properties of Iron Nanocrystals and Clusters Embedded in MgO Matrix -- Shifting the Superparamagnetic Limit of Nanosized Copper Iron Spinel -- Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 by Aerosol Route and Its
Characterization -- Transitions and Spin Dynamics at Very Low Temperature in the Pyrochlores Yb2Ti2O7 and Gd2Sn2O7 -- Mössbauer and Neutron Diffraction Studies on Co-Al Ferrite -- Mössbauer Studies of Fe0.7?xSi0.3Mnx Alloys --
Observation of Substitutional Fe in CEMS Measurements on Synthetic CVD Diamond -- Interaction between Interstitial Hydrogen and Fe Atoms within the ?-Hydride Phase in Nb1?yFeyHx Alloys -- First Observation of Photoinduced Magnetization
for the Cyano-Bridged 3d–4f Heterobimetallic Assembly Nd(DMF)4(H2O)3(?-CN)Fe(CN)5·H2O (DMF = N,N-Dimethylformamide) -- Non-Magnetic Stainless Steels Reinvestigated — a Small Effective Field Component in External Magnetic Fields --
Magnetic Response and Hyperfine Magnetic Fields at Fe Sites of Sr3Fe2MO9 (M = Mo, Te, W, U) Double-Perovskites -- Modification of Nuclear Decay Constant in the Finite Space -- Mössbauer Studies and Magnetic Properties of Y3?xCexFe5O12
-- Control of Charge Transfer Phase Transition in Iron Mixed-Valence System (n-CnH2n+1)4 N[FeIIFeIII(dto)3] (n = 3?6 dto = C2O2S2) -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study on the Effect of Al-Cr Co-Substitution in Yttrium and Yttrium-Gadolinium
Iron Garnets -- Mössbauer Study of Microstructure and Magnetic Properties (Co, Ni)-Zr Substituted Ba Ferrite Particles -- Mössbauer Studies of Dilute 119Sn and 57Fe in SrRuO3 and Sr2FeRuO6 -- Mössbauer Studies on the Quasibinary System
FeTe1.45-TiTe1.45 -- Magnetic Properties of Iron Clusters in Silver -- Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline FexCu1?x Alloys Prepared by Ball Milling -- The Formation of Lithiated Ti-Doped ?-Fe2O3 Nanocrystalline Particles by
Mechanical Milling of Ti-Doped Lithium Spinel Ferrite -- Effect of Mg2+ on the Magnetic Compensation of Lithium-Chromium Ferrite -- High-Pressure 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Octamethyl-Ethynyl-Ferrocene -- 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopic Study of Fe-B Compounds -- Mössbauer- and EPR-Snapshots of an Enzymatic Reaction: The Cytochrome P450 Reaction Cycle -- The Effect of Biocompatible Coating Layers on Magnetic Properties of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide
Nanoparticles -- Spin States of Iron(III) in Highly Saddled Dodecaphenylporphyrin Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Iron Containing Vitamins and Dietary Supplements -- Comparative Study of Human Liver Ferritin and Chicken Liver by
Mössbauer Spectroscopy. Preliminary Results -- Low-Spin Ferriheme Models of the Cytochromes: Correlation of Molecular Structure with EPR and Mössbauer Spectral Parameters -- Iron-Sulfur Proteins Investigated by EPR-, Mössbauer- and
EXAFS-Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Study of Lanthanum-Strontium Ferromanganite Oxides -- Iron-57 Mössbauer Spectroscopic Investigation of Manganese-Doped ?-Fe2O3 -- Study on Chemical Bond and Electronic State of New Gold Mixed Valence
Complexes Cs2[Au1X2][AuIIIY4] (X, Y = Cl, Br, I) by Means of 197Au Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Magnetic Properties of TlCo2Se2 Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Exploring the Verwey-Type Transition in GdBaFe2O5+? Using 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopy -- First Principles Calculations of Mössbauer Spectra of Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries -- 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study of LaFe1?xCoxO3 (x = 0 and 0.5) Formed by Mechanical Milling -- A
Crystallographic and Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of BaCo0.5xZn0.5xTix Fe12?2xO19 (M-Type Hexagonal Ferrite) -- Laboratory Intercomparison on the Determination of the Fe(II)/Fe(III) Ratio in Glass Using Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- 57Fe
Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study on the Assembled Iron Complexes -- 155Gd Mössbauer Isomer Shifts and Quadrupole Coupling Constants of Gadolinium Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy in the Characterisation of Polymetallic Cluster
Compounds: a Triple Mössbauer Study of (PPh4)[Fe2Ir2(CO)12{?3-Au(PPh3)}] -- The Nonanuclear [Mo(IV){(CN)Fe(III)(3-ethoxysaldptn)}8]Cl4 Complex Compound Exhibits Multiple Spin Transitions Observed by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Processes
in Geophysics Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- High Pressure Mössbauer Studies on FCC Fe53Ni47 Alloy -- Mössbauer and XRD Comparative Study of Host Rock and Iron Rich Mineral Samples from Paz del Rio Iron Ore Mineral Mine in
Colombia -- Characterization and Thermal Behaviour of Garnets from Almandine-Pyrope Series at 1200°C -- Mössbauer Study of Magnetite Formation by Iron- and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria -- What Oxidation State of Iron Determines the
Amethyst Colour? -- Fe-Hydroxysulphates from Bacterial Fe2+ Oxidation -- Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of a Mural Painting from Morgadal Grande, Mexico -- Quantification of Secondary Fe-Phases Formed During Sorption Experiments on
Chlorites -- Synthesis by Coprecipitation of Al-Substituted Hydroxysulphate Green Rust Fe4IIFe(2?y)IIIAlyIII(OH)12SO4, nH2O -- Mössbauer Study of Ancient Albanian Ceramics -- Variation of Some Physical Properties of Brownmillerite
Doped with a Transition Metal Oxide -- Iron-Containing Adsorbents in Great Nile Sediments -- Fe(II–III) Hydroxysalt Green Rusts from Corrosion to Mineralogy and Abiotic to Biotic Reactions by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Identification of
Corrosion Products Due to Seawater and Fresh Water -- Atmospheric Corrosion on Steel Studied by Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Spectrometry as a Powerful Tool to Study Lithium Reactivity Mechanisms for Battery
Electrode Materials -- Arrangements of Interstitial Atoms in fcc Fe-C and Fe-N Solid Solutions -- A Dilute-Limit Heat of Solution of 3d Transition Metals in Iron Studied with 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Distribution of N Atoms in
the fcc Fe-N Interstitial Solid Solution -- Distribution of Mn Atoms in a Substitutional bcc-FeMn Solid Solution -- Effect of Sulfur Addition on the Redox State of Iron in Iron Phosphate Glasses -- Structural and Electronic Features of
Sb-Based Electrode Materials: 121Sb Mössbauer Spectrometry -- Study of Disordered Fe2Cr(1?x)MnxAl Alloys -- Mössbauer and X-ray Study of Fe1?xAlx, 0.2 ? x ? 0.5, Samples Produced by Mechanical Alloying -- Investigation of Steel
Surfaces Treated by a Hybrid Ion Implantation Technique -- Ferromagnetic Planar Nanocomposites -- Surface and Interface Investigations by Nuclear Resonant Scattering with Standing Waves -- Nuclear Resonant Reflectivity Investigations
of a Thin Magnetic 57Fe Layer Adjacent to a Superconducting V Layer -- CEMS Investigations of Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation Effects in Tb/Fe Multilayers -- Thermally Induced Processes of Intermetalloid Phase Formation in Laminar Systems
Fe-Sn -- DCEMS Study of Thin Oxide Layers and Interface of Stainless Steel Films Deposited by Sputtering Austenitic AISI304 -- CEMS Study on Fe Films Deposited by Laser Ablation -- The Investigation of the Magnetic Properties of
Metallic Multilayers by Angle Dependent Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Concluding Remarks -- Author Index
ISBN:9781402028526
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783540458401:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astromineralogy
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (281 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45840-9
Contents:From Dust Astrophysics Towards Dust Mineralogy — A Historical Review -- Formation and Evolution of Minerals in Accretion Disks and Stellar Outflows -- The Mineralogy of Interstellar and Circumstellar Dust -- The Mineralogy of Cometary
Dust -- The In-situ Study of Solid Particles in the Solar System -- The Astromineralogy of Interplanetary Dust Particles -- The Most Primitive Material in Meteorites -- Laboratory Astrophysics of Cosmic Dust Analogues
ISBN:9783540458401
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 609
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Space sciences , Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy , Mineralogy , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783540460312:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Origin of Stars and Planets: The VLT View Proceedings of the ESO Workshop Held in Garching, Germany, 24-27 April 2001
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (3 p.)
Note:10.1007/b82925
Contents:From the Contents: As Eyes See Young Stars Assemle: Star and Planet Formation in the VLT Era -- Mapping the Interstellar Dust with Near-Infrared Observations: An Optimized Multi-Band Technique -- Physical Properties of Prestellar
Cores -- Molecular Cloud Structure: The VLT View -- The Physical Structure of a Prestellar Core in IC 5146 -- From Infall to Rotation Around Young Stellar Objects -- Mass Spectra from Turbulent Fragmentation -- From Molecular Clouds to
Planets: Prospects for ALMA -- Continuum Polarization as a Tool: A Perspective for VLT and ALMA -- The Mineralogy and Magnetism of Star and Planet Formation as Revealed by Mid-Infrared Spectropolarimetry -- From the Sun to Jupiter:
Evolution of Low Mass Stars and Brown Dwarfs down to Planetary Masses -- Core collapse and the Formation of Binaries -- The Formation and Evolution of Low-Mass Binary Systems: How Will VLT(I) Help?- The Formation of Brown Dwarfs -- etc
ISBN:9783540460312
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Space sciences , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783642981074:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Basic Aspects and Practical Applications
Author(s): Sune Svanberg
Date:2001
Edition:Third, Revised and Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (586 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-98107-4
Contents:1.Introduction -- 2. Atomic Structure -- 2.1 One-Electron Systems -- 2.2 Alkali Atoms -- 2.3 Magnetic Effects -- 2.4 General Many-Electron Systems -- 2.5 The Influence of External Fields -- 2.6 Hyperfine Structure -- 2.7 The Influence
of External Fields (hfs) -- 2.8 Isotopic Shifts -- 3. Molecular Structure -- 3.1 Electronic Levels -- 3.2 Rotational Energy -- 3.3 Vibrational Energy -- 3.4 Polyatomic Molecules -- 3.5 Clusters -- 3.6 Other Molecular Structures -- 4.
Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.1 Resonance Radiation -- 4.2 Spectra Generated by Dipole Transitions -- 4.3 Rayleigh and Raman Scattering -- 4.4 Raman Spectra -- 4.5 Mie Scattering -- 4.6 Atmospheric Scattering Phenomena -- 4.7
Comparison Between Different Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.8 Collision-Induced Processes -- 5. Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons -- 5.1 X-Ray Spectroscopy -- 5.2 Photoelectron Spectroscopy -- 5.3 Auger Electron Spectroscopy --
6. Optical Spectroscopy -- 6.1 Light Sources -- 6.2 Spectral Resolution Instruments -- 6.3 Detectors -- 6.4 Optical Components and Materials -- 6.5 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis -- 6.6 Optical Remote Sensing -- 6.7 Astrophysical
Spectroscopy -- 7. Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy -- 7.1 Resonance Methods -- 7.2 Microwave Radiometry -- 7.3 Radio Astronomy -- 8. Lasers -- 8.1 Basic Principles -- 8.2 Coherence -- 8.3 Resonators and Mode Structure -- 8.4
Fixed-Frequency Lasers -- 8.5 Tunable Lasers -- 8.6 Nonlinear Optical Phenomena -- 8.7 Ultra-short and Ultra-high-Power Laser Pulse Generation -- 9. Laser Spectroscopy -- 9.1 Basic Principles -- 9.2 Doppler-Limited Techniques -- 9.3
Optical Double-Resonance and Level-Crossing Experiments with Laser Excitation -- 9.4 Time-Resolved Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy -- 9.5 Ultrafast Spectroscopy -- 9.6 High-Power Laser Experiments -- 9.7 High-Resolution Laser
Spectroscopy -- 9.8 Cooling and Trapping of Ions and Atoms -- 10. Laser-Spectroscopic Applications -- 10.1 Diagnostics of Combustion Processes -- 10.2 Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere -- 10.3 Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Raman
Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids -- 10.4 Laser-Induced Chemical Processes -- 10.5 Spectroscopic Aspects of Lasers in Medicine -- Questions and Exercises -- References
ISBN:9783642981074
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 6
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Geotechnical engineering , Atoms , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Physical Chemistry , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401141468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Dust to Terrestrial Planets Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 15–19 February 1999, Bern, Switzerland
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (423 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4146-8
Contents:From Dust to Terrestrial Planets — Introduction Timescales for the Formation of Terrestrial Planets -- Disk Formation, Stability, and Evolution -- Triggering Protostellar Collapse, Injection, and Disk Formation -- Protostellar Disk
Formation and Early Evolution -- Solar Nebula Magnetohydrodynamics -- Observational Constraints on Transport (and Mixing) in Pre-main Sequence Disks -- Beta Pictoris and Other Solar Systems -- Temperature and Pressure Gradients in the
Solar Nebula -- Formation of Compounds and First Solids -- The Beginning: Swift and Violent -- Short-lived Radionuclides in Meteorites: Constraints on Nebular Timescales for the Production of Solids -- The Extinct Radionuclide
Timescale of the Early Solar System -- Short-lived Radioactivities and the Birth of the Sun -- Protostellar Winds and Chondritic Meteorites -- Kinetics of Gas-grain Reactions in the Solar Nebula -- The Solar System D/H Ratio:
Observations and Theories -- On the 53Mn Heterogeneity in the Early Solar Nebula -- Are There Chemical Gradients in the Inner Solar System? -- Formation of Planetesimals And Planetary Embryos -- Laboratory Experiments on Preplanetary
Dust Aggregation -- Low Velocity Collisions and the Growth of Planetesimals -- Formation of Planetesimals and Accretion of the Terrestrial Planets -- Planetary Accumulation with a Continuous Supply of Planetesimals -- Formation And
Evolution Of Planets -- Disks, Extrasolar Planets, and Migration -- An Oxygen Isotope Mixing Model for the Accretion and Composition of Rocky Planets -- Hf-W Chronometry and Inner Solar System Accretion Rates -- On the Isotopic
Composition of Primordial Xenon in Terrestrial Planet Atmospheres -- Minor Bodies: Spectral Gradients and Relationships with Meteorites -- Epilogue -- List of Acronyms -- Author Index -- List of Participants
ISBN:9789401141468
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI: 9
Keywords: Physics , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Geochemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642572548:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Crystallography 2 Structure of Crystals
Author(s): Boris K Vainshtein
Date:2000
Edition:Third, Revised Edition
Size:1 online resource (521 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57254-8
Contents:1. Principles of Formation of the Atomic Structure of Crystals -- 1.1 The Structure of Atoms -- 1.2 Chemical Bonding Between Atoms -- 1.3 Energy of the Crystal Lattice -- 1.4 Crystallochemical Radii Systems -- 1.5 Geometric
Regularities in the Atomic Structure of Crystals -- 1.6 Solid Solutions and Isomorphism -- 2. Principal Types of Crystal Structures -- 2.1 Crystal Structures of Elements -- 2.2 Intermetallic Structures -- 2.3 Structures with Bonds of
Ionic Nature -- 2.4 Covalent Structures -- 2.5 Structure of Complex and Related Compounds -- 2.6 Principles of Organic Crystal Chemistry -- 2.7 Structure of High-Polymer Substances -- 2.8 Structure of Liquid Crystals -- 2.9 Structures
of Substances of Biological Origin -- 3.Band Energy Structure of Crystals -- 3.1 Electron Motion in the Ideal Crystal -- 3.2 Brillouin Zones -- 3.3 Isoenergetic Surfaces. Fermi Surface and Band Structure -- 4. Lattice Dynamics and
Phase Transitions -- 4.1 Atomic Vibrations in a Crystal -- 4.2 Heat Capacity, Thermal Expansion, and Thermal Conductivity of Crystals -- 4.3 Polymorphism. Phase Transitions -- 4.4 Atomic Vibrations and Polymorphous Transitions -- 4.5
Ordering-Type Phase Transitions -- 4.6 Phase Transitions and Electron-Phonon Interaction -- 4.7 Debye’s Equation of State and Griineisen’s Formula -- 4.8 Phase Transitions and Crystal Symmetry -- 5. The Structure of Real Crystals --
5.1 Classification of Crystal Lattice Defects -- 5.2 Point Defects of the Crystal Lattice -- 5.3 Dislocations -- 5.4 Stacking Faults and Partial Dislocations -- 5.5 Continuum Description of Dislocations -- 5.6 Subgrain Boundaries
(Mosaic Structures) in Crystals -- 5.7 Twins 375 -- 5.8 Direct Observation of Lattice Defects -- 6. Advances in Structural Crystallography -- 6.1 Development of Structure Analysis. Data Banks -- 6.2 Fullerenes and Füllendes -- 6.3
Crystal Chemistry of Silicates and Related Compounds -- 6.4 Structure of Superconductors -- 6.5 Modular Structures, Blocks, and Fragments -- 6.6 X-Ray Analysis for Studying Chemical Bonding -- 6.7 Organic Crystal Chemistry -- 6.8
Structure Investigation of Biomolecular Crystals -- 6.9 Ordering in Liquid Crystals -- 6.10 Langmuir-Blodgett Films -- 6.11 Photo- and Thermostimulated Phase Transitions in Ferroelectrics -- References
ISBN:9783642572548
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mineralogy , Atoms , Crystallography , Biophysics , Biological physics , Engineering , Physics , Crystallography , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Mineralogy , Engineering, general , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461512059:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Properties of Complex Inorganic Solids 2
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (527 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-1205-9
Contents:Microstructural Properties -- Fast ionic transport along twin walls in ferroelastic minerals -- Dependence of carbide precipitation on grain boundary structure in sensitized austenitic stainless steel -- Grain boundary engineering for
the control of oxygen embrittlement -- Self-assembly in epitaxial semiconductor alloys -- Electromigration and electronic structure -- Ordering -- Ab initio study of vacancies in metals and compounds -- Order and disorder phenomena at
surfaces of binary alloys -- Analytical description of the short-range order in alloys with many-body atomic interactions -- Changes in the atomic coordinates and state of anion and cation order induced by alloying and temperature
change in Y2[M(2)yM(1)1?Y]2O7 pyrochlore solid solutions -- Ordering kinetics in B2-FeAl -- Theoretical study of spinodal disordering and disordering relaxation -- Kinetics and Diffusion -- Using arrested solid-solid multiphase
reactions in geological materials to deduce the rate of crustal uplift -- Kinetic features of non-simplest alloy orderings: DO3, L12, and L10 orderings -- Kinetics of phase separation in a binary alloy: Influence of the atomic
mobilities -- Point defect energies in L12-ordered Ni3A1 -- Tests of the polymorphous coherent potential approximation -- Phase Stability and Transformation -- Iron phase diagram and high pressures and temperatures -- Effects of
continuous atomic displacement on the phase stability of metallic alloys -- Maximization of cluster entropies via an irreversible algorithm: Application to the cluster variation method -- CVM Calculations of the solid-state equilibria
in the Fe-Co phase diagram -- The Onsager cavity field in FCC alloys -- In-situ chemical dynamics and phase mapping under steep thermal gradients using time-resolved and spatially resolved x-ray diffraction -- Development and
properties of ?-martensite in Co-Cr-Mo alloys for biomaterials Applications -- Magnetic Properties -- Diffuse scattering of Cu3Au displacements and Fermi surface effects -- Ab initio theory of perpendicular transport in metallic
magnetic multilayers -- The Fermi surfaces of metallic alloys and the oscillatory magnetic coupling between magnetic layers separated by such alloy spacers -- On element-specific magnetometry with linear dichroism in photoemission --
Elastic Properties -- Deformation and fracture of TiC/Mo(Nb) in-situ composites -- Doubled fatigued strength of box welds by using low transformation temperature welding material -- The evaluation of the fracture strain of ITO films on
polymeric substrates -- Ab initio study of structure and compressibility of garnets -- Short-range ordering kinetics and microstructural development during post-deformation annealing -- Point defects in NiAl alloys under pressure --
Microstructural characteristics of mixed III-V layers -- Dynamical lattice instabilities in alloy phase diagrams -- Bond-order potentials for transition metals based binary alloys: Ti-Al and Mo-Si alloys -- The magnetite (001) surface:
Insights from molecular dynamics calculations -- Chairpersons/Organizers of IAC-2 -- Participants’ Photos -- List of Participants
ISBN:9781461512059
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Condensed matter , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Mineralogy , Physical Chemistry , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401148061:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Formation and Evolution of Solids in Space
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (598 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4806-1
Contents:Observational constraints on interstellar dust composition -- The nature and evolution of interstellar organics -- Tracking the organic refractory component of interstellar dust -- MID — infrared spectropolarimetry and the composition
of cosmic dust -- Method of regularization and models of interstellar dust -- Models and observations of gas-grain interactions in star-forming regions -- Modified models of gas/grain interactions -- The organic chemistry of TMC-1
revisited -- Molecular gas phase counterparts to solid state grain mantle features: Implication for gas/grain chemistry -- Diffuse interstellar bands - The 75th anniversary -- Observational constraints on the carriers of the Diffuse
Interstellar Bands (DIBs) -- Laboratory simulation of processes in interstellar ices -- Cosmic dust and laboratory simulation: Wishes, results and open problems -- Stardust mineralogy: The laboratory approach -- Infrared spectroscopy
of cosmic dust analogues at low temperatures -- Matrix isolation of amorphous carbon grains in boron-oxide glass: Far UV spectroscopy -- Matrix-isolated nano-sized soot grains and their relation to solid carbon in space -- Temperature
dependence of the FIR absorption coefficient for carbon and silicate grains -- Morphology, composition and MIR-FIR spectroscopy of silicates of astrophysical interest -- IR reflectance spectroscopy of Martian analogues -- Properties of
dust producing stars -- Dust formation in supernovae -- The destruction of interstellar dust -- Dust coagulation and the structure of dust aggregates in space -- Solids and volatiles in comets: From cometary nuclei to cometary
atmospheres -- In situ measurements of evolved solids in space with emphasis on cometary particles -- Interstellar material in meteorites -- Interstellar Dust - Evidence from interplanetary dust particles -- The Dust around Vega-like
stars: A bridge from YSOs to comets -- Accreting gas and dust in pre-main sequence disk systems -- Observations of dust and molecules in the disks and envelopes of young stellar objects -- Release mechanisms of volatile molecules in
amorphous H2O ice -- Scattering by complex systems I: Methods -- Scattering by complex systems II: Results from microwave measurements -- Dynamical structure of the Zodiacal cloud -- List of contributors -- List of participants
ISBN:9789401148061
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 523
Keywords: Physics , Organic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Physical Chemistry , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9789401150767:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astrophysics and Space Science Volume 255, 1997/1998 An International Journal of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Science
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (530 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-5076-7
Contents:I: Young Stars -- Relation Between Stellar Evolution and Circumstellar Processes (Invited) -- Protostars and Protoplanetary Disks (Invited) -- ISO Observations of Isolated Herbig AE/BE Stars -- The Intermittently Embedded Herbig AE/BE
Stars -- The ISO Spectrum of the Young Star HD 100546 -- Far-Infrared Photometry of Circumstellar Matter Around Intermediate Mass Stars -- The ISO Spectrum of the Cloud Core M17-North -- ISO-SWS Observations of Weak Bands of Trace
Components of Ices Towards the Young Stellar Object W 33A -- Absorption Features of Ices Toward NGC75381RS1 -- PDRS and Shocks in S106 IR and CEP A East -- Search for H2 Emission from Disks Around T Tauri and Herbig AE Stars --
Evolution of Southern Star-Forming Regions -- Dust Disks Around Main Sequence Stars (Invited) -- Vega-Like Stars: Grain Removal Replenishment and Recent ISO Observations (Invited) -- Dust Around Solar Mass Stars -- Calibration of the
Debris Project Isophot Data -- Isophot Observations of VEGA and VEGA-Like Stars -- Isophot S Observations of 3 M Dwarfs -- II: Massive Stars -- Ionized Outflows of Hot Stars (Invited) -- Isophot Observations of Early-Type Stars -- HI
Infrared Line Formation in Early B-Type Stars -- Transonic Decretion Discs around BE Stars -- ISO’s View on Massive Star Evolution: Neon Abundances in Wolf-Rayet Stars (Invited) -- ISO SWS Spectroscopy of WR 146 (WC6+0) -- ISO
Observations of Wolf-Rayet Dust Shells -- Clues to the Evolution of Massive Stars from Their Far-Infrared Environments -- Dust in LBV Nebulae -- Infrared Properties of a Large Ring Around the LBV G79.29+0.46 -- ISOCAM Imaging of LBVS
-- V 439 CYG as a Late Phase of Stellar Evolution -- Infrared Observations of High-Mass X-Ray Binaries -- ISOCAM Observations of CYG X-3: Search for a Hot Stellar Wind -- First Results from ISO Spectra of Supernova Remnants Heavily
Interacting with the ISM (Invited) -- ISO Observations of Freshly Synthesized Supernova Material (Invited) -- ISO Observations of Classical Novae (Invited) -- ISOPHOT Observations of the RS CVN-Type Star HR 7428 -- III: Late Stages Of
Stellar Evolution -- Molecules in Stellar Atmospheres (Invited) -- SO-SWS Spectral Characterization of Stars -- Molecular Features in ISO-SWS Spectra of O-Rich Long-Period Variables -- Dust Formation and Mass Loss in Evolved Stars
(Invited) -- Theory of AGB Evolution (Invited) -- Dramatic Change in Sakurai’ s Object -- Model Atmospheres of AGB Stars: Dynamics, Molecules and Dust -- Synthetic Spectra for Carbon Stars from Dynamical Model Atmospheres -- Episodic
Mass Loss and Rapid Lithium Enrichment and Depletion in K Giants -- Molecules of Non-Photospheric Origin in Red Giants and Supergiants Revealed by the ISO SWS -- Infrared Emissions from Metals in Carbon Stars and M Giant -- Tentative
Detection of Circumstellar CO2 From the AGB Star R Crateris -- Molecules in AGB Stars Observed with ISO (Invited) -- ISO LWS Observations of Cool Evolved Stars and Post-AGB Objects (Invited) -- ISO LWS Observations of H2O from R Cas: A
Consistent Model for Its Circumstellar Envelope -- Excitation of Far-Infrared Lines of OH and Maser Pumping Efficiency in Circumstellar Envelopes -- ISO-SWS Observations of the Time Variability of Oxygen-Rich Mira Variables -- OSO-SWS
Spectra of OH/IR Stars -- Isophot Mapping Observations of Carbon Stars -- Isophot Mapping Observations of a Mira-Type AGB Star R Hya -- Spectroscopic Study of Carbon Stars with the ISO-SWS -- ISO-SWS Spectra of Carbon Stars: Molecular
Features and a Comparison with Models -- ISO Observations of Symbiotic Stars -- ISO Spectra of Symbiotic Stars -- Analysis of Infrared Spectra of Carbon Stars Observed by the ISO SWS -- ISO-SWS Observations of Stars with Unusual Iras
LRS Characteristics -- AGB Stars in the Magellanic Clouds (Invited) -- ISO Spectroscopy of AGB Stars in the Magellanic Clouds -- Evolution and Mass Loss of AGB Stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud -- AGB Stars and Supergiants in the Bar
of the LMC -- Obscured AGB Stars in the LMC -- The Red Supergiant IRAS04553-6825 in the LMC -- Extreme Infrared Stars Discovered in Magellanic Cloud Globular Clusters -- Circumstellar Silicate Mineralogy -- Infrared Observations of the
Transition from Chaotic to Crystalline Silicates via Thermal Annealing in the Laboratory -- Crystalline Dust Features: A Simple Model -- Formation of AL2O3 Grains and the 13µM Feature in Circumstellar Envelopes of Oxygen-Rich AGB Stars
-- Dust Emission From AGB Stars -- Dust and Atomic Gas in Post-AGB Envelopes (Invited) -- The 3.4 Microns Absorption Feature in CRL 618 -- Hydrodynamical Modelling of the Evolution of Dusty Outflows from AGB-Stars -- ISO’s View on AFGL
4106 -- ISO SWS Spectroscopy of Proto-Planetary Nebulae -- R. Coronae Borealis Stars, Dust, and Evolution -- Observations of the Dust Around Evolved Stars -- Mass Loss During Proto-Planetary Phase of Evolution -- Spectroscopy and
Spectral Energy Distribution of the Peculiar Supergiant IRAS 04296+3429 -- Refining the Fundamental Parameters of the 3 Post-AGB Stars: HR 4049, HD 52961 and HD 133656 Using Improved Model Atmospheres -- Planetary Nebulae (Invited) --
Chemical Abundances of Planetary Nebulae: A UV to Far-IR Case Study of NGC 6153 -- AH’s and Crystalline Silicates in Planetary Nebulae -- Investigation of the Small-Scale Temperature and Density Fluctuations in Planetary Nebulae
Through the Use of the ISO Data -- ISO-SWS Observations of Planetary Nebulae with [WR] Central Stars -- Author Index -- Object Index -- List of Forthcoming Papers -- The Kluwer LaTeX Style File
ISBN:9789401150767
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Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642975127:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure of Crystals
Author(s): Boris K Vainshtein
Date:1995
Edition:Second, Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (520 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97512-7
Contents:1. Principles of Formation of the Atomic Structure of Crystals -- 2. Principal Types of Crystal Structures -- 3. Band Energy Structure of Crystals -- 4. Lattice Dynamics and Phase Transitions -- 5. The Structure of Real Crystals -- 6.
Advances in Structural Crystallography -- References
ISBN:9783642975127
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mineralogy , Atoms , Crystallography , Biophysics , Biological physics , Engineering , Physics , Crystallography , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Mineralogy , Engineering, general , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642577543:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Crystallography
Author(s): Walter Borchardt-Ott
Date:1995
Edition:Second edition
Size:1 online resource (308 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57754-3
Contents:1 The Crystalline State -- Exercises -- 2 The Lattice and Its Properties -- 2.1 Line Lattice -- 2.2 Plane Lattice -- 2.3 Space Lattice -- 2.4 The Designation of Points, Lines, and Planes in a Space Lattice -- 2.5 The Zonal Equation --
Exercises -- 3 Crystal Structure -- Exercises -- 4 Morphology -- 4.1 Relationship Between Crystal Structure and Morphology -- 4.2 Fundamentals of Morphology -- 4.3 Crystal Growth -- 4.4 The Stereographic Projection -- 4.5 The
Reflecting Goniometer -- 4.6 The Wulff Net -- 4.7 Indexing of a Crystal -- 4.8 The Gnomonic and Orthographic Projections -- Exercises -- 5 Principles of Symmetry -- 5.1 Rotation Axes -- 5.2 The Mirror Plane -- 5.3 The Inversion Centre
-- 5.4 Compound Symmetry Operations -- Exercises -- 6 The 14 Bravais Lattices -- 6.1 The Primitive Space Lattices (P-Lattices) -- 6.2 The Symmetry of the Primitive Lattices -- 6.3 The Centred Lattices -- 6.4 The Symmetry of the Centred
Lattices -- Exercises -- 7 The Seven Crystal Systems -- 8 Point Groups -- 8.1 The 32 Point Groups -- 8.2 Crystal Symmetry -- 8.3 Molecular Symmetry -- 8.4 Determination of Point Groups -- 8.5 Enantiomorphism -- 8.6 Point Groups and
Physical Properties -- Exercises -- 9 Space Groups -- 9.1 Glide Planes and Screw Axes -- 9.2 The 230 Space Groups -- 9.3 Properties of Space Groups -- 9.4 International Tables for Crystallography -- 9.5 Space Group and Crystal
Structure -- Exercises -- 10 The Interrelationship of Point Groups and Space Groups -- Exercise -- 11 Fundamentals of Crystal Chemistry -- 11.1 Coordination -- 11.2 Metal Structures -- 11.3 Structures of Noble Gases and Molecules --
11.4 Ionic Structures -- 11.5 Covalent Structures -- 11.6 Isotypes, Solid Solutions and Isomorphism -- 11.7 Polymorphism -- 11.8 Literature on Crystal Structures -- Exercises -- 12 Studies of Crystals by X-Ray Diffraction -- 12.1 The
Bragg Equation -- 12.2 The Debye-Scherrer Method -- 12.3 The Reciprocal Lattice -- 12.4 The Laue Groups -- 12.5 The Determination of a Crystal Structure -- Exercises -- 13 Crystal Defects -- 13.1 Point Defects -- 13.2 Line Defects --
13.3 Plane Defects -- 14 Appendix -- 14.1 Symbols for Crystallographic Items -- 14.2 Symmetry Elements -- 14.3 Calculation of Interatomic Distances and Angles in Crystal Structures -- 14.4 Crystal Forms -- 15 Solutions to the Exercises
-- References
ISBN:9783642577543
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Crystallography , Physics , Crystallography , Mineralogy , Inorganic Chemistry , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783540489955:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy-Filtering Transmission Electron Microscopy
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (425 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-48995-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Electron Optics of Imaging Energy Filters -- 3. Plasmons and Related Excitations -- 4. Inner-Shell Ionization -- 5. Quantitative Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy -- 6. Electron Spectroscopic Diffraction -- 7.
Electron Spectroscopic Imaging -- 8. Energy-Filtered Reflection Electron Microscopy
ISBN:9783540489955
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 71
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Solid state physics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Complexity , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401111485:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 1993 Proceedings of the 160th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, Held in Belgirate, Italy, June 14–18, 1993
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (503 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1148-5
Contents:Search Programs -- Search Programs for Comets -- Computer Aided near Earth Object Detection -- The Kuiper Belt -- Density of Meteoroids and Their Mass Influx on the Earth -- Populations of Small Bodies -- Asteroid Albedos and
Diameters -- In Memoriam - ?ubor Kresák -- Comets (Existing Populations) -- The Comet-Asteroid Transition: Recent Telescopic Observations -- Meteoroid Streams -- Zodiacal Dust Bands -- Dynamics -- Asteroid Proper Elements: The Big
Picture -- The Dynamics of the Trojan Asteroids -- Kirkwood Gaps and Resonant Groups -- The Secular Resonances in the Solar System -- Meteorite Delivery and Transport -- Dynamics of Comets: Recent Developments and New Challenges -- A
Review of Comets and Non Gravitational Forces -- Physical Observations and Modeling -- Asteroid Spectroscopy and Mineralogy -- Coherent Backscattering by Solar System Dust Particles -- Cometary Nuclei -- Molecular Abundances in Comets
-- Comets as Reflection of Interstellar Medium Chemistry -- Meteoroid Properties from Photographic Records of Meteors and Fireballs -- Observations from Space -- The Galileo Encounters with Gaspra and IDA -- Dust Measurements in the
Outer Solar System -- The Rosetta Mission to Primitive Bodies of the Solar System -- Origin and Evolution -- Asteroid Families -- Comet Taxonomy and Evolution -- Small Bodies around Other Stars -- Formation of the Outer Solar System
Bodies: Comets and Planetesimals -- Data Bases -- The ACM93 Small Bodies Data Bases -- Iras Minor Planets Survey -- A Composite Catalogue of Asteroid Proper Elements -- The Uppsala Asteroid Data Base -- A Public-Domain Asteroid Orbit
Data Base -- An Overview of Datasets on Small Bodies Available through the Planetary Data System and Soard -- MPC and ICA Databases -- The Uppsala Comet Magnitude Data Base -- Meteoroid Orbits Available from the Iau Meteor Data Center
-- List of Collaborating Authors
ISBN:9789401111485
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale : 160
Keywords: Earth sciences , Planetology , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Earth Sciences , Planetology , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401111065:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Feldspars and their Reactions
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (650 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1106-5
Contents:1. The Crystal Structures of the Aluminium-Silicate Feldspars -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Historical Perspective -- 1.2 Recent Progress and Overview -- 2. Chemistry of Feldspars -- 3. Topology of the Feldspar Framework -- 4.
Patterns of Al, Si Order-Disorder: Space Groups -- 4.1 Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1.1 Monoclinic (C2/m) K-rich Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1.2 Triclinic ($$C\bar 1$$) K-rich Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1.3 Room-Temperature Phase Transition in Low
Microcline? -- 4.1.4 Triclinic ($$C\bar 1$$) Anorthoclases, K-Analbites, and the Transition to C2/m Na-Sanidines -- 4.1.5 Triclinic ($$C\bar 1$$) Low, Intermediate, and High Albite -- 4.1.6 Analbite and the Transition to C2/m Monalbite
-- 4.2 Celsian and Hyalophane -- 4.3 Anorthite and Intermediate Plagioclases -- 4.3.1 The ‘Aluminium Avoidance’ Principle and Al, Si order/disorder -- 4.3.2 Primitive Anorthite -- 4.3.3 Pseudo-symmetry and the Average Structure Concept
-- 4.3.4 Body-centered Anorthite -- 4.3.5 Intermediate Plagioclases -- 5. The M Cations in Feldspar Structures -- 5.1 Potassium in Sanidines and Microclines -- 5.2 Sodium in Albites -- 5.2.1 Sodium in Low Albite -- 5.2.2 Sodium in High
Albite and Monalbite -- 5.2.3 Sodium in Intermediate Albite (IA) and Na/Ca in Sodic Plagioclase -- 5.2.4 Ca/Na in Calcic Plagioclase -- 6. Average Structures of Feldspars Represented by Cell Parameters: the
Temperature-Pressure-Composition Analogies -- 6.1 Changes in Volume with P, T, X -- 6.1.1 Compressibility and Phase Changes with Pressure -- 6.1.2 Thermal Expansion -- 6.1.3 Variation of Composition in ‘Solid-Solution’ Series -- 6.2
Changes in Cell Dimensions with P,T,X -- 6.2.1 Series of Na- and K- Mixed with Ca-, Sr-, and Ba-feldspars -- 6.2.2 The M2+-feldspars -- 6.2.3 Alkali Feldspars -- 6.3 Changes in T-O-T Angles and M-O Distances with P, T, X -- 6.3.1
Disordered Alkali Feldspars -- 6.3.2 Ordered Alkali Feldspars and the Structure of Low Albite at 5 GPa -- 7. Future Work -- References -- 2. Aspects of Alkali Feldspar Characterization: Prospects and Relevance to Problems Outstanding
-- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2 Light Optics -- 3. Composition and Lattice Strain -- 3.1 Composition of Unstrained Feldspars -- 3.2 Strained Feldspars -- 3.2.1 Background -- 3.2.2 Determination of Lattice Strain -- 3.2.3
Determination of Composition -- 3.3 Composition from K, Na Site Refinements of X-Ray Intensity Data -- 4. Determination of Tetrahedral Al Contents in Alkali Feldspars -- 4.1 T-Site Occupancies from Lattice Parameters -- 4.2 T-Site
Occupancies from T-O Distances -- 4.3 T-Site Occupancies from Si, Al Site Refinements of X-Ray Intensity Data -- 5. Single-Crystal X-ray Diffraction Patterns and Relationships with TEM Techniques -- 5.1 The Diagonal Association -- 5.2
The Antidiagonal Association -- 5.3 P21/a Structural Arrangement -- 6. Unanswered questions and suggestions for future work -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 3. Phase Transitions and Vibrational Spectroscopy in Feldspars -- Abstract
-- 1. Introduction -- 2. Phase Transitions and Order Parameters -- 2.1 The order Parameter -- 2.2 Coupling between order Parameters -- 2.3 Some Typical Landau Potentials -- 3. Kinetic and Other Non-Equilibrium Behaviour -- 4. Hard Mode
Phonon Spectroscopy -- 4.1 Introductory Remarks on Optical Spectroscopy -- 4.2 Soft Modes Versus Hard Modes -- 4.3 The Characteristic Length Scale -- 4.4 How to Do It -- 5. Applications and Examples -- 5.1 Temperature Dependence of
Hard Modes in Albite -- 5.2 Effect of the C2/m-$$C\bar 1$$ Transition in Anorthoclase -- 5.3 A Displacive Phase Transition with Some Fluctuations: $$P\bar 1 - I\bar 1$$ in Anorthite -- 5.3.1 Space Average Model -- 5.3.2 The Ca-jumping
Model -- 5.3.3 Soft-mode Model -- 5.4 Determination of the Degree of Al, Si order in Na Feldspar -- 5.5 Structural Modulations in Natural Potassium Feldspar -- 5.6 On the Effect of Na-K Mixing and the Study of Exsolution: an Outlook --
Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- Appendix 1 -- Deviation of the Gibbs Free Energy for a Phase Transition with Continuous Local Potentials -- Appendix 2 -- On the Intercorrelation of Al, Si Ordering and the Generation of Spontaneous
Strain -- References -- 4. Partial Melting Reactions of Plagioclases and Plagioclase-Bearing Systems -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Previous Work on Plagioclase-melt Interaction -- 3. Starting Materials and Experimental Procedure
-- 4. Experimental Results and Discussion -- 4.1 Dry Melting of Plagioclase An68 At 1420°C -- 4.2 Wet Melting of Plagioclase An P = 5 Kbar -- 4.3 The Influence of Additional Components and Phases -- 4.3.1 Melting Reactions in the
System Qz-Ab-An-H2O -- 4.3.2 Melting Reactions in the System Qz-Ab-An-Al2O3-H2O -- 4.3.3 Melting Reactions in the System Qz-Or-Ab-An-H2O -- 4.3.4 Kinetics of partial melting in systems with additional SiO2-containing phases beside
feldspars -- 5. Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 5. Ternary Feldspar/Melt Equilibria: A Review -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Ternary Feldspar Geothermometry -- 2.1 Activity Models for Ternary Feldspar Solid Solutions
-- 2.2 Geothermometry: Calculation Methodology and Results -- 3. Ternary Felspar/Melt Equilibria -- 3.1 Liquidus Relations in the Feldspar System -- 3.2 Compositional Evolution of Feldspars during Crystallization -- 3.2.1 Equilibrium
Crystallization -- 3.2.2 Fractional Crystallization -- 4. Conclusions -- 5. Acknowledgements -- 6. References -- 6. Subsolidus Phase Relations of the Plagioclase Feldspar Sold) Solution -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A Possible
Phase Diagram -- 3. Lines of Evidence -- 3.1 Order/disorder Experiments -- 3.1.1 C2/m = $$C\bar 1$$ Transition -- 3.1.2 $$C\bar 1 - I\bar 1$$ Transition -- 3.1.3 $$I\bar 1$$ = e1 Transition -- 3.1.4 $$C\bar 1$$ = e2 Transition -- 3.1.5
Ordering within the C1 stability field -- 3.1.6 $$I\bar 1 = P\bar 1$$ Transition -- 3.1.7 Summary -- 3.2 Microstructures -- 3.2.1 Peristerite gap -- 3.2.2 Bøggild gap -- 3.2.3 Huttenlocher gap -- 3.3 Compositions of Coexisting Crystals
-- 3.3.1 Coexisting Phases across the Peristerite Gap -- 3.3.2 Coexisting Plagioclases with Intermediate Compositions -- 3.3.3 The Low Temperature Assemblage Albite + Anorthite -- 3.4 Properties of the Incommensurate “e” Structure --
3.4.1 Mestable Incommensurate Structure of Anorthite -- 3.4.2 Structure of “e” Plagioclase -- 3.4.3 Influences of Temperature and Composition -- 3.4.4 Distinction between e1 and e2 Structures -- 3.5 Thermodynamic Data -- 3.5.1
Enthalpies of Ordering and Mixing -- 3.5.2 Energetics of Antiphase Boundaries -- 3.5.3 Ion-exchange Data -- 3.6 Kinetic Constraints -- 4. The Rudiments of a Thermodynamic Model -- 4.1 Schematic G-X Curves -- 4.2 Landau Free Energy
Expansions -- 5. Conclusion -- 5.1 Al/Si Ordering At An0 - An15 -- 5.2 Local Ordering in the Cl Solid Solution -- 5.3 Microstructural Evidence for Split Behaviour At ~An52 -- 5.4 $$C\bar 1$$ = e2 Transition Temperatures -- 5.5 The
$$I\bar 1$$ = e1 Ordering Transition -- 5.6 Thermodynamics of Incommensurate Ordering -- 5.7 Incommensurate Structures and Differences between e1 And e2 Ordering -- 5.8 Phase Equilibrium and Ion-Exchange Experiments -- Acknowledgements
-- References -- 7. Feldspars at High Pressure -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Stability of Feldspars at High Pressure -- 2.1 Albite -- 2.2 K-Feldspar -- 2.3 Anorthite -- 3. Compressional Behaviour -- 3.1 Bulk Moduli -- 3.2 Unit
Cell Parameter Variation with Pressure -- 3.3 Strain Tensors -- 4. Structural Phase Transitions -- 4.1 Phase Transitions in Alkali Feldspars -- 4.2 $$P\bar 1$$ to $$I\bar 1$$ Transition in Anorthite -- 4.2.1 $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$
in End-Member Anorthite -- 4.2.2 Effect of Al, Si Disorder on $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$ -- 4.2.3 Effect of Albite Substitution on $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$ Transition -- 4.2.4 Phase Diagram for Anorthite $$P\bar 1$$ = $$I\bar 1$$
Transition -- 4.2.5 Thermodynamic Analysis -- 4.3 Phase Transitions in Other Feldspars -- 4.4 Conclusions -- 5 Acknowledgements -- 6. References -- 8. Recent Work on Oscillatory Zoning in Plagioclase -- Abstract -- 1. The Problem -- 2.
Empirical Observations of Zoning -- 2.1 Hypotheses and Assumptions -- 2.1.1 Crystal Growth -- 2.1.2 Analysis of Zoning Patterns -- 2.2 Trace Elements and Disequilibrium -- 2.3 Discussion of Plates -- 2.3.1 Plate 1 -- 2.3.2 Plate 2
“Corners” -- 2.3.2 Plate 3 “Interfaces” -- 2.4 Conclusion from Empirical Observations -- 2.4.1 The Consequences of Saw-toothed Patterns -- 2.4.2 Significance of Dissolution -- 2.4.3 Constraints on Growth Mechanisms and Laws -- 3.
Spatiotemporal Dynamics in Oscillatory Zoning -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Theoretical Rationale -- 3.3 Empirical Textural Evidence -- 3.4 Identification of Chaotic Growth -- 3.4.1 General Comments -- 3.4.2 Random Zoning Patterns --
3.4.3 Real Crystal Zoning Patterns -- 4. Attempts at Modelling Zonation -- 4.1 Theoretical and Empirical Models -- 4.2 Details of Models -- 4.2.1 Sibley et al (1976) -- 4.2.2 Haase et al (1980) -- 4.2.3 Allègre et al (1981) -- 4.2.4
Lasaga (1982) -- 4.2.5 Loomis (1979, 1982) -- 4.2.6 Simakin (1983) -- 4.2.7 Ghiorso (1987) -- 4.2.8 Pearce (1993) -- 4.2.9 Wang and Merino (1993) -- 5. Discussion and Conclusions -- 5.1 General Comments -- 5.2 Preferred Model -- 5.3
Suggestions for Further Work -- 6. Acknowledgements -- 7. References -- 9. Isotopic Equilibrium/disequilibrium and Diffusion Kinetics in Feldspars -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Isotope Fractionation -- 1.2 Diffusion Measurement
-- 1.3 Terminology -- 1.4 Applications -- 2. Part 1. Experiments and Theory -- 2.1 Oxygen Diffusion Kinetics -- 2.1.1 Hydrothermal Experiments -- 2.1.2 Dry Experiments -- 2.2 Cation Diffusion Kinetics -- 2.2.1 Strontium Diffusion --
2.2.2 Other Cations -- 2.2.3 K-feldspars -- 2.2.4 Systematics of Cation behaviour -- 2.3 Prediction of D Values -- 3. Part 2. Applications of Diffusion Kinetics to Tectono-Thermal Histories -- 3
ISBN:9789401111065
Series:eBooks
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 421
Keywords: Earth sciences , Inorganic chemistry , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Crystallography , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy , Geochemistry , Crystallography , Inorganic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783662029756:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Crystals Symmetry, and Methods of Structural Crystallography
Author(s): Boris K Vainsthein
Date:1994
Edition:Second, Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (482 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-02975-6
Contents:1. Crystalline State -- 2. Fundamentals of the Theory of Symmetry -- 3. Geometry of the Crystalline Polyhedron and Lattice -- 4. Structure Analysis of Crystals -- 5. New Developments in Crystallography and its Methods -- References
ISBN:9783662029756
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Physical chemistry , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mineralogy , Crystallography , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Crystallography , Physical Chemistry , Science, general , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9789401116527:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Magnetic Shieldings and Molecular Structure
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (584 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1652-7
Contents:Invited Lectures -- An Overview of Nuclear Shielding Calculations -- Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Chemical Shift Tensors of Pnictides and Fluorophosphates -- Solid State NMR Chemical Shifts of Chalcogenides and
Phosphides -- Intra- and Intermolecular Electrical Effects on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance and Infra-Red Spectroscopic Parameters from Ab Initio Calculation and Experiment: From CO to Proteins -- The Nuclear
Shielding Surface: The Shielding as a Function of Molecular Geometry and Intermolecular Separation -- Ab-Initio Calculation and Analysis of Nuclear Magnetic Shielding Tensors: the LORG and SOLO Approaches -- The IGLO Method. Recent
Developments -- Electronic Current Density Induced by Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Moments in Molecules -- Shielding Tensor Data and Structure: The Bond-Related Chemical Shift Concept -- Investigation of Structural Phase Transitions in
Oxide Materials Using High-Resolution NMR Spectroscopy -- A Model Study of Chemical Shielding in a Partially Hydrated Dipeptide -- Efficient Implementation of the GIAO Method for Magnetic Properties: Theory and Application --
Electronic Mechanisms of Metal Chemical Shifts from Ab Initio Theory -- Applications of NMR Shielding Constant Calculations in Mineralogy and Geochemistry -- Applications of Dipolar NMR Spectroscopy in Characterizing Nitrogen and
Phosphorus Shielding Tensors -- Comparisons of Shielding Anisotropies for Different Nuclei and Other Insights into Shielding from an Experimentalist’s Viewpoint -- An Origin-independent Theory for Calculation of NMR Shielding Constants
-- Correlated and Gauge Invariant Calculations of Nuclear Shielding Constants -- Carbon-13 Chemical Shielding Tensors in Sugars: Sucrose and Methyl-?-D-glucopyranoside -- IGLO Calculations of 29Si NMR Chemical Shift Anisotropies in
Silicate Models -- Effects of Isotopic Substitution and Temperature on Nuclear Magnetic Shielding -- The Role of NMR Shifts in Structural Studies of Glasses, Ceramics and Minerals -- The Influence of Structure and Geometry on the 31P,
29Si, 13C and 1H Chemical Shifts -- Nitrogen shielding tensors -- 1H and 13C Solid-State NMR Studies of Catalytic Reactions on Molecular Sieves -- Theoretical Study of Chemical Shielding in Silatrane and its Derivatives -- Ab Initio
IGLO Studies of the Conformational Dependence of the ?-Effect in the 13C NMR Spectra of Cyclic Hydrocarbons -- Gas Phase Measurement and Ab Initio Calculations of 77Se and 113Cd Chemical Shifts -- Overview and Directions for the Future
-- Abstracts of Poster Presentations
ISBN:9789401116527
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 386
Keywords: Chemistry , Inorganic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Inorganic Chemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783662027349:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Early Universe Facts and Fiction
Author(s): Gerhard Börner
Date:1992
Edition:Second Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (462 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-02734-9
Contents:1 The Cosmological Models -- 2 Facts — Observations of Cosmological Significance -- 3 Thermodynamics of the Early Universe in the Classical Hot-Big-Bang Picture -- 4 Can the Standard Model be Verified Experimentally? -- 5 Gauge
Theories and the Standard Model -- 6 Grand Unification Schemes -- 7 Relic Particles from the Early Universe -- 8 Baryon Synthesis -- 9 The Inflationary Universe -- 10 Typical Scales — From Observation and Theory -- 11 The Evolution of
Small Perturbations -- 12 Computer Simulations and the Large-Scale Structure -- A.l The Gauge-Invariant Theory of Perturbations -- A. 1.2 Gauge-Invariant Variables -- A. 1.3 Linearized Einstein Equations for Gauge-Invariant Variables
-- A. 1.4 Some Remarks on Multi-Component Systems -- Recent Developments -- A. The Cosmic Microwave Background -- B. Nucleosynthesis -- C. Large Scale Motions -- Peculiar Velocities -- D. Observations of the Galaxy Distribution/ Large
Scale Structure -- Faint Galaxies -- High Redshift Objects -- Statistics -- E. Numerical Simulations of Galaxy Formation -- F. Some Remarks on Inflation -- References
ISBN:9783662027349
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Geophysics/Geodesy , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642973987:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Basic Aspects and Practical Applications
Author(s): Sune Svanberg
Date:1992
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (407 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97398-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Atomic Structure -- 2.1 One-Electron Systems -- 2.2 Alkali Atoms -- 2.3 Magnetic Effects -- 2.4 General Many-Electron Systems -- 2.5 The Influence of External Fields -- 2.6 Hyperfine Structure -- 2.7 The
Influence of External Fields (hfs) -- 2.8 Isotopic Shifts -- 3. Molecular Structure -- 3.1 Electronic Levels -- 3.2 Rotational Energy -- 3.3 Vibrational Energy -- 3.4 Polyatomic Molecules -- 3.5 Other Molecular Structures -- 4.
Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.1 Resonance Radiation -- 4.2 Spectra Generated by Dipole Transitions -- 4.3 Rayleigh and Raman Scattering -- 4.4 Raman Spectra -- 4.5 Mie Scattering -- 4.6 Atmospheric Scattering Phenomena -- 4.7
Comparison Between Different Radiation and Scattering Processes -- 4.8 Collision-Induced Processes -- 5. Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons -- 5.1 X-Ray Spectroscopy -- 5.2 Photo-Electron Spectroscopy -- 5.3 Auger Electron Spectroscopy --
6. Optical Spectroscopy -- 6.1 Light Sources -- 6.2 Spectral Resolution Instruments -- 6.3 Detectors -- 6.4 Optical Components and Materials -- 6.5 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis -- 6.6 Optical Remote Sensing -- 6.7 Astrophysical
Spectroscopy -- 7. Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy -- 7.1 Resonance Methods -- 7.2 Microwave Radiometry -- 7.3 Radio Astronomy -- 8. Lasers -- 8.1 Basic Principles -- 8.2 Coherence -- 8.3 Resonators and Mode Structure -- 8.4
Fixed-Frequency Lasers -- 8.5 Tunable Lasers -- 8.6 Nonlinear Optical Phenomena -- 9. Laser Spectroscopy -- 9.1 Basic Principles -- 9.2 Doppler-Limited Techniques -- 9.3 Optical Double-Resonance and Level-Crossing Experiments with
Laser Excitation -- 9.4 Time-Resolved Spectroscopy -- 9.5 High-Resolution Laser Spectroscopy -- 10. Laser-Spectroscopic Applications -- 10.1 Diagnostics of Combustion Processes -- 10.2 Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere -- 10.3
Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Raman Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids -- 10.4 Laser-Induced Chemical Processes -- 10.5 Spectroscopic Aspects of Lasers in Medicine -- References
ISBN:9783642973987
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atoms+Plasmas: 6
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Geotechnical engineering , Geographical information systems , Atoms , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Physical Chemistry , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781461230526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Crystallography For Electron Microscopists and Others
Author(s): A. G Jackson
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (210 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-3052-6
Contents:1. Definitions and Mathematics -- 1.1. Definitions -- 1.2. Vector Operations -- 1.3. Basis Vectors -- 1.4. Miller Indices (Plane Indices) -- 1.5. Direction Indices -- 1.6. Permutation of Indices -- 1.7. The Direct Lattice -- 1.8.
Fundamentals of the Reciprocal Lattice -- 2. Defining Vectors for Various Crystal Systems -- 2.1. Face-Centered Cubic -- 2.2. Body-Centered Cubic -- 2.3. Hexagonal Close Packed -- 2.4. End-Centered (Base-Centered) -- 2.5. Simple Cubic
-- 3. Diffraction Pattern Analysis -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Errors in Measurements -- 3.3. Analysis of Patterns -- 3.4. StructureFactor -- 3.5. Ratio Tables -- 4. Packing Fraction and Stacking Sequences -- 4.1. Packing Fraction --
4.2. Stacking Sequences -- 4.3. Interstitial Positions -- 5. Detailed Equations for Various Crystal Systems -- 5.1. General Equations Applicable to Any System -- 5.2. Cubic System -- 5.3. Tetragonal System -- 5.4. Orthorhombic System
-- 5.5. Monoclinic System (b axis unique) -- 5.6. Triclinic System -- 5.7. Trigonal System -- 5.8. Hexagonal System -- 6. Conversion Formulas -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. BCC to Orthorhombic -- 6.3. hcp to Orthorhombic -- 6.4. BCC to
hcp -- 6.5. FCT to BCT and BCT to FCT Transformation -- 6.6. Monoclinic Nonprimitive to Primitive Transformation -- 6.7. Rhombohedral to HCP -- 6.8. Some Orientation Relationships -- 6.9. Some Ordered Structures -- 7. Slip Systems --
7.1. Face-Centered Cubic -- 7.2. Body-Centered Cubic -- 7.3. Hexagonal Close Packed -- 7.4. Miscellaneous Definitions -- 8. Projections -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Direct Lattice Projections -- 8.3. Reciprocal Space Projections --
8.4. The Stereographic Projection -- 8.5. Grid Projections -- 9. Structure Symbols -- 9.1. Crystal Designations -- 9.2. Strukturbericht Symbols -- 9.3. Pearson Symbols -- 9.4. Symmetry Symbols -- 10. Convergent Beam Electron
Diffraction -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Problems with Obtaining and Interpreting the Patterns -- 10.3. Zero and Higher Order Laue Zones -- 10.4. Lattice Parameter Along the Zone Axis -- 10.5. Higher Order Laue Zone Lines in
Diffraction Discs -- 10.6. Symmetry Identification -- 10.7. Thickness Measurement Using Higher Order Laue Zone Lines in a Diffraction Disc -- 10.8. Indexing Holz Patterns -- 10.9. Construction of the Holz Pattern and Identification of
Planes in the Holz Ring -- 10.10. Rings in Convergent Beam Diffraction -- 10.11. Interpretation of hcp CBED Ring Patterns -- 11. Miscellaneous Tables and Data -- 11.1. Mendeleev Number and Chemical Scale -- 11.2. Machlin Classification
of Some Intermetallics -- 11.3. Schlafli Symbols -- 11.4. Fourier Series and Transforms -- 12. Icosahedral Structures and Patteros -- 12.1. Definitions -- 12.2. Axes -- 12.3. Simple Projection Examples -- 12.4. Diffraction Patterns --
13. Dislocations -- 13.1. Definitions -- 13.2. Image Contrast of Dislocations -- 13.3. Analysis of Burger’s Vector -- 13.4. Thompson Tetrahedron for Face Centered Cubic -- 13.5. Partials -- 13.6. Twins -- References
ISBN:9781461230526
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Mineralogy , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Crystallography , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Physical Chemistry , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400920552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Granulites and Crustal Evolution
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (585 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2055-2
Contents:The NATO ARW granulite conference: a report -- Crustal Evolution -- Genesis of continental crust: evidence from island arcs, granulites, and exospheric processes -- The granulite — granite connexion -- Heat, fluids, and melting in the
granulite facies -- Granites, granulites, and crustal differentiation -- Regional Syntheses -- Europe -- Evolution of the lower crust in the Ivrea zone: a model based on isotopic and geochemical data -- The granulite belt of Lapland --
North and South America -- A model for the granulite-migmatite association in the Archean basement of southwestern Montana -- Multi stage late Archaean granulite facies metamorphism in Northern Labrador, Canada -- Archean tectonic
setting of granulite terranes of the Superior Province, Canada, a view from the bottom -- The granulites of the Jequié complex and Atlantic Coast mobile belt, Southern Bahia, Brazil — An expression of Archean/Early Proterozoic plate
convergence -- From Africa to India -- Pressure-Temperature-Time paths of granulite metamorphism and uplift, Zambesi belt, N.E. Zimbabwe -- Thermal history and tectonic setting of the Namaqualand granulites, Southern Africa: clues to
Proterozoic crustal development -- The granulite-facies rocks of the Limpopo belt, Southern Africa -- Crustal evolution of the granulites of Madagascar -- Nature and scale of fluid-rock exchange in granulite grade rocks of Sri Lanka: a
stable isotope study -- The granulite terrane of the Nilgiri Hills (Southern India): characterization of high-grade metamorphism -- Fluids and Petrological Equilibria -- Granulites of Satnuru and Madras: A study in different behaviour
of fluids -- Scapolite phase equilibria: additional constraints on the role of CO2 in granulite genesis -- Synmetamorphic fluid inclusions in granulites -- Fluid inclusions in granulites: peak vs. retrograde formation -- Thermometry
and barometry of mafic granulites based on garnet — clinopyroxene — plagioclase — quartz assemblages -- Geochemistry and Geophysics -- Geochronology in Granulites -- Origin of granulites: geochemical constraints from Archean granulite
facies rocks of the Sino-Korean craton, China -- The oxygen isotope composition of lower crustal granulite xenoliths -- Ionprobe investigation of rare earth element distributions and partial melting of metasedimentary granulites --
Geochemistry of intermediate/- to high-pressure granulites -- Thermal data and crustal structure. Role of granites and the depleted lower crust -- Some thermal aspects of granulite history -- Key word/subject index
ISBN:9789400920552
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 311
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy , Geochemistry , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9783642748059:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics and Chemistry of Comets
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (376 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-74805-9
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 Plan of the Book -- 1.2 General Concepts -- 1.3 Orbits of Some Comets for Spacecraft Missions -- 1.4 The Oort Cloud Compared to the Planetary Orbits -- 1.5 Summary of Spacecraft Data from Comets -- 1.6 Summary
of New Data from Remote Sensing -- 1.7 Reasons for Planned and Proposed Comet Missions -- 1.8 Laboratory and Space Experiments and Simulations -- 2. The Nucleus -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Observational Techniques -- 2.3 Models of the
Nucleus -- 2.4 The Nucleus of Comet P/Halley -- 2.5 Modeling and Laboratory Experiments -- 2.6 Physical Parameters of the Nucleus -- 2.7 Summary -- 3. The Neutral Coma -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 The Coma: A Transient Phenomenon -- 3.3
Excitation and Emission Mechanisms -- 3.4 Composition of the Coma -- 3.5 Summary and Prospectus -- 4. Dust -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 What is Comet Dust? -- 4.3 Dust Release from the Nucleus -- 4.4 Dust Emission -- 4.5 Dust Coma
Structure -- 4.6 Dust Tails -- 4.7 Mass Distribution -- 4.8 Optical and Infrared Properties -- 4.9 Dust Composition -- 4.10 Dust Production Rate and the Dust to Gas Ratio -- 4.11 Summary -- 5. The Plasma -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2
Large-Scale Processes of the Solar Wind-Comet Interaction -- 5.3 Ion Composition -- 5.4 Ionospheric Processes -- 5.5 Plasma Wave Turbulence -- 5.6 Ion Acceleration -- 6. Orbital Distribution of Comets -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Origin
and Dynamical Evolution -- 6.3 Time Scales -- 6.4 The Outer Part of the Presolar Nebula -- 6.5 The Distribution of the Reciprocal Semimajor Axes -- 6.6 Other Theories for the Origin and Evolution -- 6.7 Short-Period Comets -- 6.8
Differences Between Long- and Short-Period Comets -- 7. Comet Formation and Evolution -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Chemical and Physical Clues from Observations -- 7.3 Formation of Comet Nuclei -- 7.4 Dynamical Evolution of Comets -- 7.5
Physical Evolution of Comet Nuclei -- 7.6 Summary -- 8. Implications of Comet Research -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Progress in Physics and Chemistry of Comets -- 8.3 Progress on the History of the Early Solar System -- 8.4 Comets and
the Origins of Life -- 8.5 Unsolved and New Problems -- References
ISBN:9783642748059
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Geology , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Space sciences , Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Geology , Mineralogy , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400909915:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fluid Movements — Element Transport and the Composition of the Deep Crust
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (436 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0991-5
Contents:Magmas as a source of heat and fluids in granulite facies metamorphism. -- Morphology of granulite — amphibolite facies transitions: The importance of fluid movements. -- Contrasting mechanisms of charnockite formation in the
amphibolite to granulite grade transition zones of southern India. -- Chemical changes associated with formation of granulite and migration of complex C-O-H-S fluids, Sri Lanka. -- Metamorphism and melting at an exposed example of the
Conrad discontinuity, Kapuskasing uplift, Canada. -- Melt-induced fluid pumping and the source of CO2 in granulites. -- P-T and fluid evolution of the Angmagssalik “charnockite” complex, SE Greenland. -- Processes of formation and
retrogression of Scourian granulites. -- Proterozoic metasediments from the deep crust of Rogaland, SW Norway: Chemistry of metabasites and granofelses. -- Limited fluid transport from the gneiss core toward the schist envelope of the
dome de L’Agout, France. -- Hydrothermal graphite veins and Acadian granulite facies metamorphism New Hampshire, USA. -- The crustal origin of eclogite - static or dynamic. -- Retrogression and fluid movement across a
granulite-amphibolite facies boundary in middle Archaean Nuk gneisses, Fiskefjord, southern West Greenland. -- Mineral changes, element mobility, and fluids associated with deep shearing in the Mount Helen structural belt, Wyoming,
U.S.A. -- The Ataneq fault and mid-Proterozoic retrograde metamorphism of early Archaean tonalites of the Isukasia area, southern West Greenland: Reactions, fluid compositions and implications for regional studies. -- Deformation and
mass transport in the Nordre Strømfjord shear zone, Central West Greenland. -- Metasomatic alteration of ultramafic rocks. -- Mass balance of a gabbroic rock-amphibolite transition. -- Mass transfer related to ductile shear zone
development in a metagabbro. -- Incorporation of Rb in muscovite during progressive medium grade metamorphism. An interpretation of experimental results. -- Fluid control on emplacement of sialic magmas during Archaean crustal
accretion. -- The isotopic characterisation of aqueous and leucogranitic crustal fluids. -- Stable isotope fronts and crustal buffering - 1 dimensional mass balance and kinetics. -- The effect of fluid-controlled element mobility
during metamorphism on whole rock isotope systems, some theoretical aspects and possible examples. -- On the possible role of fluid transport in the distribution of U and Pb in an Archaean gneiss complex. -- Reappraisal of crustal
evolution at Kangimut sammisoq, Ameralik fjord, southern West Greenland: Fluid movement and interpretation of Pb/Pb isotopic data. -- Changes in the isotopic composition of whole-rock Pb during different stages of retrogression of late
Archaean granulite facies gneisses from Kangimut sammisoq, southern West Greenland. -- Diffusion and/or plastic deformation around fluid inclusions in synthetic quartz: New investigations. -- Permeability, bulk modulus and complex
resistivity in crystalline rocks. -- Rock-fluid interaction: interpetation by zeta potential and complex resistivity measurements
ISBN:9789400909915
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 281
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400908956:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Crust/Mantle Recycling at Convergence Zones
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (294 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0895-6
Contents:1. Mantle cycling: Process and time scales -- 2. Isotopic characterization and identification of recycled components -- 3. Hydrothermal alteration of the oceanic crust -- 4. Use of multispace technique to determine the contribution of
reinjected sediments in the mantle (e.g., Lesser Antilles) -- 5. Geochemical evidence for crust-to-mantle recycling in subduction zones -- 6. Kerguelen Archipelago: Geochemical evidence for recycled material -- 7. Subduction of young
lithosphere: Lithospheric doubling, a possible scenario -- 8. A review of the thermal-mechanical structures at convergent plate boundaries and their implications for crust/mantle recycling -- 9. Sediment recycling at convergent
margins: constraints from the cosmogenic isotope 10Be -- 10. Geophysical constraints on recycling of oceanic lithosphere -- 11. Influence of H2O and CO2 on melt and fluid chemistry in subduction zones -- 12. Anhydrous HFSE depleted
peridotite as a ubiquitous mantle component -- 13. Volatiles and stable isotopes in recycling -- 14. Magma generation in subduction zones -- 15. Recycled continental crustal components in Aleutian arc magmas: implications for crustal
growth and mantle heterogeneity -- 16. Tomographic mapping of the upper mantle structure beneath the Alpine collision belt -- 17. From plate tectonics to global domain tectonics -- 18. Isotopic and chemical signatures of recycled
oceanic and continental crust -- 19. Mantle convection with active chemical heterogeneities -- 20. Crustal recycling and subduction: systems perspective -- 21. One-and-a-half layer convection? -- 22. Mineral physics and mantle
evolution -- 23. Crust-mantle recycling: inputs and outputs -- 24. The structure of mantle flow and the stirring and persistence of chemical heterogeneities -- 25. Intra-mantle fractionation vs. lithosphere recycling: evidence from the
sub-continental mantle -- 26. Convection and gravity close to subduction in a two layer mantle: a 3-D modelisation -- 27. Dynamics of recycling -- 28. Some speculations on continental evolution
ISBN:9789400908956
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 258
Keywords: Earth sciences , Structural geology , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy , Geophysics/Geodesy , Structural Geology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400930179:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sea Surface Sound Natural Mechanisms of Surface Generated Noise in the Ocean
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (652 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3017-9
Contents:Ocean Wave Dynamics -- Mechanisms of Wave Breaking in Deep Water -- Equilibrium Range Characteristics of Breaking Waves -- Experiments on Breaking Waves -- Wind Waves as a Coupling Process Between Air and Water Turbulent Boundary
Layers -- On the Mechanics of Spilling Zones of Quasi-Steady Breaking Waves -- An Estimate of Wave Breaking Probability for Deep Water Waves. -- Whitecap Coverage as a Remotely Monitorable Indication of the Rate of Bubble Injection
into the Oceanic Mixed Layer -- Wave and Bubble Characteristics in the Surf Zone -- LDA as a New Tool to Detect Air-Sea Interaction Mechanisms -- Feasibility Study of At-Sea Measurement of Ocean-Air Interface Parameters Needed to
Evaluate Ocean Surface Generated Noise -- Bubble Dynamics and Observations -- Bubble Noise Creation Mechanisms -- Bubble Dynamics in Oceanic Ambient Noise -- The Horizontal Structure and Distribution of Bubble Clouds -- On the
Distribution of Bubbles Near the Ocean Surface -- Study of Micro-Bubbles in the North Sea -- Optical Microbubble Measurements in the North Sea -- Acoustical Estimates of Subsurface Bubble Densities in the Open Ocean and Coastal Waters.
-- Acoustic Measurements of Bubble Densities at 15–50 kHz -- Propagation Effects -- Propagation Effects Associated with Ambient Noise -- Low Frequency Wind Generated Ambient Noise in Shallow Water -- The Effect of Propagation
Conditions on Wind-Generated Noise at Real Shallow Water Sites -- Simultaneous Measurements of Surface Generated Noise and Attenuation at the Fixed Acoustic Shallow Water Range “NORDSEE” -- Wind and Wave Noise -- Mechanisms of Sound
Generation at the Ocean Surface -- Ambient Noise Radiation by “Soliton” Surface Waves -- Ocean Noise Spectrum Below 10 hz - Mechanisms and Measurements -- Low Frequency Ocean Ambient Noise: Measurements and Theory -- Estimation of
Source Characteristics from Underwater Noisefield Measurements -- Noise Generated by Motion of the Sea Surface - Theory and Measurement -- Observations of High Frequency Ambient Sound Generated by Wind -- On the Spectra of Wind
Generated Sound in the Ocean -- Physical Mechanisms of Noise Generation by Breaking Waves - a Laboratory Study -- Audio Signature of a Laboratory Breaking Wave -- Noise Generation by Bubbles Formed in Breaking Waves -- Rain Noise --
Acoustic Emissions Associated with Drop Impacts -- The Sound Generated by Precipitation Striking the Ocean Surface -- Studies of Mechanisms Influencing Rain Noise -- Ice Noise -- Speculations on the Origin of Low Frequency Arctic Ocean
Noise -- Observation of the Sound Radiated by Individual Ice Fracturing Events -- The Correlation of Mid-Frequency Pack Ice Noise with Environmental Parameters -- High Frequency Ambient Sound in the Arctic -- Arctic Ocean Noise
Generation Due to Pack Ice Kinematics and Heat Fluxes -- Acoustic Ambient Noise in the Arctic Ocean Below the Marginal Ice Zone -- Ice Eddy Ambient Noise -- Panel Discussion Reports -- Breaking Waves -- Study of the Distribution of
Bubbles and Turbulence In and Near a Breaking Wave -- Sources of Sound at the Ocean Surface Bubbles and Other Noise -- Wave and Turbulence Noise -- Precipitation Noise -- Ice Noise
ISBN:9789400930179
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 238
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Acoustics , Physics , Acoustics , Signal, Image and Speech Processing , Atmospheric Sciences , Oceanography , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400928916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physical Properties and Thermodynamic Behaviour of Minerals
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (707 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2891-6
Contents:1. The Microscopic Mechanisms of Complex Structural Phase Transitions -- 1. Introductory remarks -- 2. Microscopic mechanisms -- 3. Computer modelling -- 4. The Landau free energy function -- 5. Critical fluctuations -- References --
2. The Thermodynamics of Short Range Order -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Symmetry Principles for interactions in modulated structures -- 2.1 Symmetry groups and their irreducible representations -- 2.2 The origin of selection rules for
interactions -- 2.3 The nature of irreducible representations of the space group -- 2.4 Symmetry criteria for the interaction of modulation components -- 2.5 Summary of the theory of short range interactions in crystals -- 3. The group
theoretical description of short range order in crystals -- 3.1 Long range order and the importance of the special point vectors -- 3.2 The general characteristics of short-range order -- 3.3 The development of an energy band theory
for short range order -- 3.4 The nature of interband interactions in order-disorder -- 3.5 Ordering modulations associated with an invariant point -- 3.6 The interaction between ordering and phonon bands -- 3.7 Summary of stable order
modulations in crystals -- 4. Short range order interactions in incommensurate structures -- 4.1 Feldspars -- 4.2 The ordering behaviour in mullite -- 4.3 The ordering interactions in yoderite -- 5. Order-phonon modulation structures
in minerals -- 5.1 The order-phonon modulated structure of potassium feldspar -- 5.2 Order-phonon interactions in modulated cordierite -- 6. Thermodynamic aspects of the occurrence of modulated structures -- 6.1 Thermodynamically
stable order-modulated structures -- 6.2 Order-modulation in the mechanism of order-disorder transitions -- 7. References -- 3. Incommensurability in Two Classes of Solids: Modulated Insulators and Quasicrystalline Alloys -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Characterization of incommensurate crystals: “Standard” behaviour -- 3. Incommensurate phase transition: the “soft-mode” precursor effect -- 4. Specific dynamic properties of incommensurate phases: “phasons” -- 5.
Present situation concerning the static properties of incommensurate phases -- 5.1 Some examples of experimental typical phase diagrams -- 5.2 Other specific properties: global hysteresis, satellite broadening -- 5.3 Discussion -- 6.
Quasicrystals -- References -- 4. Structural Phase Transitions and Specific Heat Anomalies -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental methods -- 2.1 Scanning calorimetry -- 2.2 AC calorimetry -- 2.3 Adiabatic calorimetry -- 3. Reduction of
background heat capacities -- 4. Application of Landau theory -- 5. Fluctuations of the order parameter and critical exponents -- 6. The influence of lattice imperfections -- 7. Order parameter coupling and excess specific heats -- 8.
Coupled order parameters in feldspar -- 8.1 Na-feldspar -- 8.2 Ca-feldspar -- 9. Selected examples of structural phase transitions -- 10. Charge carrier induced structural phase transitions -- References -- 5. What Can Spin Models Tell
Us About the Behaviour of Minerals? -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Universality and phase diagrams -- 3. Modulated structures -- 4. Surfaces and interfaces -- References -- 6. New Developments in Raman Spectroscopy on Structural Phase
Transitions -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Theory -- 3. Applications of hard mode Raman spectroscopy -- 3.1 Displacive phase transitions and evidence for Na-K site ordering in alkali feldspar — experimental part -- 3.2 Phase transitions and
order parameter treatment in feldspars -- 3.3 Phase transition in ferroelastic As2O5 -- 3.4 Raman scattering of hard modes in stepwise phase transitions in Pb3(P1-xAsxO4)2 -- 3.5 Sodium nitrate -- 3.6 Magnesium cordierite -- 4.
Conclusions -- 5. References -- 7. Linear and Circular Birefringence and Crystal Structures -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Linear birefringence -- 2.1 Methods of measurement -- 2.2 Applications to crystals -- 3. Circular birefringence -- 3.1
Measurement and observation -- 3.2 Relationship to crystal structure -- 3.3 Calculation of optical rotation -- 4. Summary -- 5. References -- 8. Exsolution, Ordering and Structural Transformations: Systematics and Synergistics -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Isostructural decomposition -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Nucleation and growth -- 2.3 Spinodal decomposition -- 3. Atomic ordering -- 3.1 Single order parameter -- 3.2 Two order parameters -- 4. Magnetic ordering --
4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Miscibility gap in ferromagnetic binary systems -- 4.3 Further examples including magnetic transitions -- 5. Bicritical and tetracritical point -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Bicritical points -- 5.3 Tetracritical
point -- 6. Closure -- References -- 9. Thermochemistry of Aluminium/Silicon Ordering in Feldspar Minerals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Some general features of Al/Si ordering transitions in minerals -- 3. Macroscopic thermodynamic
properties -- 3.1 Landau theory -- 3.2 Enthalpy measurements -- 3.3 Spontaneous strain -- 4. Transformation behaviour in feldspars -- 4.1 Alkali feldspars -- 4.2 Plagioclase feldspars -- 4.3 Incommensurate ordering -- 5. Kinetics --
5.1 Disordering in potassium feldspar -- 5.2 Ordering in anorthite -- 6. Conclusions -- References -- 10. Solid State NMR Spectroscopy and Phase Transitions in Minerals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Background theory and terminology -- 2.1
Magnetic resonance -- 2.2 Chemical shift -- 2.3 NMR of solids -- 2.4 Nuclear quadrupole resonance -- 2.5 Relaxation times -- 2.6 Fourier transform techniques -- 2.7 High resolution solid state NMR -- 3. Structural phase transitions --
4. Displacive phase transitions -- 4.1 Displacive transitions in perovskites, ABX3 -- 4.2 The Pl-Il phase transition in anorthite, CaAl2Si2O8 -- 5. Orientational order-disorder transitions -- 5.1 NO2 ordering in sodium nitrite, NaNO2
-- 6. Magic-angle spinning NMR -- 6.1 29Si NMR spectra -- 6.2 Empirical correlations of 29Si chemical shifts -- 6.3 29Si site assignments -- 6.4 Al, Si ordering in Mg-cordierite from 29Si NMR spectra -- 7. NMR spectra of quadrupolar
nuclei -- 7.1 27A1 MAS NMR spectra -- 8. Conclusions -- References -- 11. Nonlinear Dynamics of Lattice Models for Elastic Media -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Part I — lattice model for martensitic transformations -- 2.1 The model -- 2.2
Equations of motion -- 2.3 Continuum model -- 2.4 Linear case -- 2.5 Solitary wave solutions -- 2.6 Conclusion -- 3. Part II — model for deformable lattices equipped with rotary microstructures -- 3.1 The model -- 3.2 Configuration A —
equations, of motion -- 3.3 Influence of an applied field on the motion of a soliton -- 3.4 Configuration B — equations of motion -- 3.5 Conclusion -- References -- 12. Experimental Studies of Mineral Energetics -- 1. Introduction --
2. Heat capacities, entropies and lattice vibrations -- 2.1 Basic relations and magnitudes -- 2.2 Experimental techniques -- 2.3 The interpretation of lattice heat capacities -- 3. Free energies of mineral reactions -- 3.1 General
principles -- 3.2 Oxidation-reduction equilibria -- 3.3 Vapor pressure measurements -- 3.4 High pressure phase equilibria -- 4. Enthalpies of mineral reactions -- 5. Energetics of high pressure phase transitions, with emphasis on the
magnesium silicates -- 5.1 Relations between olivine, modified spinel and spinel phases -- 5.2 “Post spinel” phases -- 5.3 Lattice vibrational models for post-spinel phase transitions -- References -- 13. Heat Capacity of Solids -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Importance of the specific heat measurements -- 3. Experimental systems -- 3.1 Adiabatic calorimetry -- 3.2 AC calorimetry -- 4. Experimental results -- 4.1 Solid to solid phase transition within the Landau framework
-- 4.2 Order-disorder systems -- References -- 14. Magnetic Ordering and Thermodynamics in Silicates -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Background -- 1.2 Properties of noninteracting ions -- 1.3 Magnetic interactions and collective behaviour --
1.4 Cation disorder -- 1.5 Experimental methods -- 2. Magnetic order in silicates -- 2.1 Group structures -- 2.2 Chain structures -- 2.3 Sheet structures -- 2.4 Framework structures -- 3. Thermodynamic consequences -- 4. Conclusions --
References -- 15. Molecular Dynamics Simulations in the Solid State Sciences -- 1. Computer simulations -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Simulation models -- 1.3 The molecular dynamics simulation technique -- 2. Techniques -- 2.1 Technical
details for molecular dynamics simulations -- 2.2 Ensembles -- 2.3 Potential models -- 2.4 Analysis of results from a simulation -- 2.5 Computers -- 3. Illustrative examples -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Orientationally disordered
crystals -- 3.3 Simulations of thiourea -- 4. Conclusions: the outlook for the use of molecular dynamics simulations in minerals physics -- 4.1 General summary -- 4.2 Application in the field of minerals physics: general outlook --
References -- 16. The Computer Simulation of the Lattice Dynamics of Silicates -- S. C. Parker -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Atomistic simulation techniques -- 3. The q=0 lattice vibrations of forsterite -- 4. The crystal dynamics of
forsterite -- 5. Lattice dynamics and thermodynamic properties -- 6. The thermodynamic properties of forsterite -- 7. The thermodynamic properties of the Mg2SiO4 polymorphs -- 8. Conclusion -- References -- 17. Computer Modelling of
Silicates -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Aims and methodology -- 3. Interatomic potentials -- 3.1 Potential models for silicates -- 4. Applications -- 4.1 Simulation studies of zeolites -- 4.2 Defect energies in Mg2SiO4 -- 5. Conclusions --
References -- 18. UV to NIR Spectra of Silicate Minerals Obtained by Micro-Scope Spectrometry and Their Use in Mineral Thermodynamics and Kinetics -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Some theoretical aspects -- 2.1 Spectroscopy -- 2.2 How does
CFSE3d enter thermodynamic functions? -- 3. Methods of microscope-spectrometry -- 4. Applications -- 4.1 Cr3+, an ion with nondegenerate ground state, in garnet, clinopy
ISBN:9789400928916
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 225
Keywords: Earth sciences , Mineralogy , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789401725095:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Origins of Igneous Layering
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (663 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-2509-5
Contents:1. Layering in the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland -- 2. Layering, Compaction and Post-Magmatic Processes in the Klokken Intrusion -- 3. Gabbroic, Syenogabbroic and Syenitic Cumulates of the Tugtutôq Younger Giant Dyke
Complex, South Greenland -- 4. A Large Soft-Sediment Fold in the Lilloise Intrusion, East Greenland -- 5. The Southern Part of the Fongen-Hyllingen Layered Mafic Complex, Norway: Emplacement and Crystallization of Compositionally
Stratified Magma -- 6. Layering and Related Structures in the Duke Island and Skaergapard Intrusions: Similarities , Differences, and Origins -- 7. Rhythmic Layering of the Skaergaard Intrusion -- 8. The Rhum Layered Complex, Inner
Hebrides, Scotland -- 9. The Organization and Internal Structure of Cyclic Units in the Honningsvåg Intrusive Suite, North Norway: Implications for Intrusive Mechanisms, Dole-Diffusive Convection and Pore-Magma Infiltration -- 10. The
Formation of Stratiform Pge Deposits in Layered Intrusions -- 11. The Development of Compositional and Textural Layering in Archaean Komatiites and in Prcterozoic Kcmatiitic Basalts from Cape Smith, Québec, Canada -- 12. Some
Illustrations of Igneous Layering -- 13. Constitutional Zone Refining of Layered Intrusions -- 14. Pattern Formation During Crystallization and the Formation of Fine-Scale Layering -- 15. Textural Equilibrium in Layered Igneous Rocks
-- 16. Solidification Contraction: Another Approach to Cumulus Processes and the Origin of Igneous Layering -- 17. Laboratory Experiments with Aqueous Solutions Modelling Magma Chamber Processes. I. Discussion of Their Validity and
Geological Application -- 18. Laboratory Experiments with Aqueous Solutions Modelling Magma Chamber Processes II. Cooling and Crystallization Along Inclined Planes -- 19. Experimental Modelling of Interstitial Melt Convection in
Cumulus Piles -- 20. The Modelling of Formation of Apatite Deposits of the Khibina Massif (Kola Peninsula) -- 21. Characteristic Dimensions and Tats for Dynamic Crystallization -- 22. Appendices
ISBN:9789401725095
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 196
Keywords: Earth sciences , Mineralogy , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789401180368:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Magnetism
Author(s): Roy Thompson
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (228 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-8036-8
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Magnetic properties of solids -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Basic magnetic properties -- 2.3 Hysteresis -- 2.4 Effects of crystal size, shape and structure -- 2.5 Time dependence of magnetisation -- 2.6 Grain
interactions -- 2.7 Summary -- Further reading -- 3 Natural magnetic minerals -- 3.1 Iron and its abundance -- 3.2 Iron oxides -- 3.3 Pyrrhotite and the iron sulphides -- 3.4 Iron hydroxides and oxyhydroxides -- 3.5 Other magnetic
minerals -- 3.6 Formation of natural magnetic minerals -- 3.7 Summary -- Further reading -- 4 Magnetic properties of natural materials -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Units -- 4.3 Magnetic remanence -- 4.4 Magnetic susceptibility -- 4.5
Anisotropy of susceptibility -- 4.6 Magnetic hysteresis -- 4.7 General magnetic properties of natural materials -- 4.8 Temperature dependence of magnetic properties -- 4.9 Summary -- Further reading -- 5 The Earth’s magnetic field --
5.1 Geomagnetism -- 5.2 Palaeomagnetism -- 5.3 Summary -- Further reading -- 6 Techniques of magnetic measurements -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Measurement of remanent magnetisation -- 6.3 Measurement of initial susceptibility -- 6.4
Measurement of induced magnetisation -- 6.5 Magnetic cleaning techniques -- 6.6 Magnetic fields -- 6.7 Portable instruments -- 6.8 A basic environmental magnetic kit -- 6.9 Summary -- Further reading -- 7 Magnetic minerals and
environmental systems -- 7.1 Surface processes and magnetic minerals -- 7.2 Primary and secondary magnetic minerals -- 7.3 Magnetic minerals and material flux -- 7.4 Natural remanence and mineral magnetic properties -- 7.5 Sampling and
measurement -- 7.6 Summary -- 8 Soil magnetism -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Magnetic properties of soil minerals -- 8.3 Weathering and magnetic properties -- 8.4 The magnetic enhancement of surface soils -- 8.5 Particle size
relationships -- 8.6 Some representative soil profiles -- 8.7 The effects of gleying on magnetic properties -- 8.8 Soil magnetism and slope processes -- 8.9 The persistence of magnetic oxides in the soil -- 8.10 Soil magnetism and
archaeology -- 8.11 Conclusions -- 9 Magnetic minerals and fluvial processes -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Suspended sediment sources -- 9.3 Magnetic tagging and tracing of stream bedload -- 9.4 Magnetic measurements of
stormwatersuspended solids -- 9.5 Conclusions -- 10 Mineral magnetic studies of lake sediments -- 10.1 Lake sediments and environmental reconstruction -- 10.2 The origin of magnetic minerals in lake sediments -- 10.3 Sampling and
measurement -- 10.4 Prospecting, core correlation and sediment accumulation rates -- 10.5 Sediment resuspension and focusing -- 10.6 Sediment sources and ecological change -- 10.7 Magnetic measurements and fire -- 10.8 Lake sediment
magnetism and climatic change -- 10.9 Summary and conclusions -- 11 Magnetic minerals in the atmosphere -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Sources of magnetic minerals in the atmosphere -- 11.3 Magnetic properties and aerosol modes -- 11.4
Magnetic-heavy metal linkages -- 11.5 Peat magnetism and the history of atmospheric particulate deposition -- 11.6 Contemporary particulate pollution monitoring -- 11.7 Magnetic particulates in ice and snow -- 11.8 Global dust studies
-- 11.9 Summary and conclusions -- 12 Mineral magnetism in marine sediments -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 The origin and flux of marine magnetic minerals -- 12.3 Core correlation in marine sediments -- 12.4 Mineral magnetism and
palaeoclimate in deep-sea sediments -- 12.5 Particulate pollution monitoring in coastal waters -- 12.6 Summary and conclusions -- 13 Reversal magnetostratigraphy -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Geomagnetic signatures -- 13.3 The
geomagnetic polarity timescale -- 13.4 Polarity transitions -- 13.5 Summary -- 14 Secular variation magnetostratigraphy -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Experimental methods -- 14.3 Magnetic dating and magnetostratigraphy -- 14.4 Origin of
palaeolimnomagnetic secular variation -- 14.5 Palaeomagnetic pitfalls -- 14.6 Excursions and the reinforcement syndrome -- 14.7 Summary -- 15 Biomagnetism -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Magnetic navigation -- 15.3 Pneumomagnetism -- 15.4
Cardiomagnetism -- 15.5 Neuromagnetism -- 15.6 Summary -- 16 The Rhode River, Chesapeake Bay, an integrated catchment study -- 16.1 Physical setting -- 16.2 Sediment sources -- 16.3 Study aims -- 16.4 Methods -- 16.5 The magnetic
mineralogy of the Rhode River catchment -- 16.6 Suspended sediment samples -- 16.7 Estuarine sediment cores: mineral magnetic characteristics -- 16.8 Chronology and links with land-use change -- 16.9 Summary and implications -- 17
Prospects -- 17.1 Palaeomagnetism of recent sediments -- 17.2 The mineral magnetic approach -- Glossary of magnetic terms -- References
ISBN:9789401180368
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Keywords: Physics , Science , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400946545:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synthesis of the Caledonian Rocks of Britain
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (368 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4654-5
Contents:The Caledonian Rocks of Britain -- A Geotraverse through the Caledonides of Wales -- Field Guide to the Lake District and Southern Uplands -- The Caledonian Geology of the Scottish Highlands -- A Comparison of the Lower Palaeozoic
Volcanic Rocks on Either Side of the Caledonian Suture in the British Isles -- The Tectonic Setting of the Southern Uplands -- The Contribution of the Finnmarkian Orogeny to the Framework of the Scandinavian Caledonides -- The Moine
Thrust Zone: A Comparison with Appalachian Faults and the Structure of Orogenic Belts -- The Moine Thrust Structures -- Some Aspects of Geophysics in the Caledonides of the UK -- The Caledonian Geology of the Scottish Highlands
ISBN:9789400946545
Series:eBooks
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 175
Keywords: Earth sciences , Mineralogy , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9783642713941:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atmospheres and Ionospheres of the Outer Planets and Their Satellites
Author(s): Sushil K Atreya
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (224 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-71394-1
Contents:1 Composition -- 1.1 Bulk Atmospheric Composition -- 1.2 Outstanding Issues -- A.1 Appendix -- 2 Thermal Structure -- 2.1 Equilibrium and Effective Temperatures, Internal Heat -- 2.2 Radiative Transfer -- 2.3 Principle of Solar,
Stellar, and Radio Occultations -- 2.4 Temperature Measurements — Jupiter and Saturn -- 2.5 Temperature Measurements — Uranus and Neptune -- 2.6 Outstanding Issues -- A.2 Appendix -- 3 Cloud Structure -- 3.1 Lapse Rates, Cloud
Densities -- 3.2 Thermodynamic Data -- 3.3 Cloud Models -- 3.4 Outstanding Issues -- 4 Vertical Mixing -- 4.1 Diffusion Equation -- 4.2 Limiting Flux -- 4.3 Methods for Determining Eddy Diffusion Coefficient -- 4.4 Eddy Diffusion in
the Homosphere -- 4.5 Molecular Diffusion Coefficient -- 4.6 Outstanding Issues -- 5 Photochemistry -- 5.1 Hydrogen -- 5.2 Ammonia (NH3) -- 5.3 Phosphine (PH3) -- 5.4 NH3 — PH3 Coupling and NH3 Recycling -- 5.5 Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S)
-- 5.6 C — N Coupling: Methylamine (CH3NH2) -- 5.7 C — N Coupling: Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) -- 5.8 Carbon Monoxide (CO) -- 5.9 Methane (CH4) -- 5.10 Outstanding Issues -- 6 Ionosphere -- 6.1 Measurements -- 6.2 Theoretical Considerations
-- 6.3 Upper Atmospheric Heating -- 6.4 Outstanding Issues -- 7 Satellites -- 7.1 Atmospheres on Satellites -- 7.2 Io -- 7.3 Europa, Ganymede, Callisto, and Saturn’s Rings -- 7.4 Titan -- 7.5 Triton -- 7.6 Outstanding Issues -- General
Appendix -- A.1 Characteristics of the Outer Planets and Comparison with the Earth -- A.2 Characteristics of the Large Satellites of the Outer Planets and Comparison with Earth’s moon -- A.3 Useful Numerical Constants -- References
ISBN:9783642713941
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Physics and Chemistry in Space: 15
Keywords: Earth sciences , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Earth Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400954502:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Deep Proterozoic Crust in the North Atlantic Provinces
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (603 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5450-2
Contents:The Deep Proterozoic Crust in the North-Atlantic Provinces -- 1. Opening address -- 2. Precambrian geodynamical constraints -- 3. Seismic reflection results from Precambrian Crust -- 4. Proterozoic anorthosite massifs -- 5. Sm-Nd
isotopic studies of Proterozoic anorthosites: systematics and implications -- 6. Temperature, pressure and metamorphic fluid regimes in the amphibolite facies to granulite facies transition zones -- 7. Fluid enhanced mass transport in
deep crust and its influence on element abundances and isotope systems -- 8. C-O-H fluid calculations and granulite genesis -- The Proterozoic Provinces in North America and Greenland -- 9. Tectonic framework of the Grenville Province
in Ontario and western Quebec, Canada -- 10. A 1650 Ma orogenic belt within the Grenville Province of northeastern Canada -- 11. A reassessment of the Grenvillian Orogeny in western Labrador -- 12. Geological evolution of the
Adirondack mountains: A review -- 13. Polymetamorphism in the Adirondacks: wollastonite at contacts of shallowly intruded anorthosite -- 14. Pb-isotopic studies of Proterozoic igneous rocks, West Greenland, with implications on the
evolution of the Greenland shield -- 15. Correlations between the Grenville Province and Sveconorwegian orogenic belt — implications for Proterozoic evolution of the southern margins of the Canadian and Baltic Shields -- The
Proterozoic Provinces in South Scandinavia: Geological Evolution and Structure -- 16. The evolution of the South Norwegian Proterozoic as revealed by the major and mega-tectonics of the Kongsberg and Bamble sectors -- 17. Tectonic
environment and age relationships of the Telemark Supracrustals, southern Norway -- 18. Geotectonic evolution of southern Scandinavia in light of a late-Proterozoic plate-collision -- 19. The Mandal-Ustaoset line, a newly discovered
major fault zone in South Norway -- 20. Terrane displacement and Sveconorvegian rotation of the Baltic shield: A working hypothesis -- 21. Proterozoic development of Bohuslän, south-western Sweden -- 22. Late Presveconorwegian
magmatism in the Östfold-Marstrand Belt, Bohuslän, SW Sweden -- 23. The West Uusimaa complex, Finland: an early Proterozoic thermal dome -- The Proterozoic Provinces in South Scandinavia: Geochronology and Geochemistry -- 24.
Geochronological framework for the Late-Proterozoic evolution of the Baltic Shield in South Scandinavia -- 25. Isotope geochronology of the Proterozoic crustal segment of southern Norway: A review -- 26. Neodymium isotope evidence for
the age and origin of the Proterozoic of Telemark, South Norway -- 27. The Rogaland anorthosites: facts and speculations -- 28. Metamorphic zoning in the high-grade Proterozoic of Rogaland-Vest Agder, SW Norway -- 29. Geothermometry
and geobarometry in Rogaland and preliminary results from the Bamble area, South Norway -- 30. Fluid regime in southern Norway: The record of fluid inclusions -- 31. Geochemical constraints on the evolution of the Proterozoic
continental crust in southern Norway (Telemark Sector) -- 32. Geochemical evolution of the 1.6 - 1.5 Ga-old amphibolite-granulite facies terrain, Bamble Sector, Norway: dispelling the myth of Grenvillian high-grade reworking -- 33. A
preliminary study of REE elements and fluid inclusions in the Homme granite, Flekkefjord, South Norway
ISBN:9789400954502
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 158
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Geophysics , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783662135532:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transmission Electron Microscopy Physics of Image Formation and Microanalysis
Author(s): Ludwig Reimer
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (521 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-13553-2
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Particle Optics of Electrons -- 3. Wave Optics of Electrons -- 4. Elements of a Transmission Electron Microscope -- 5. Electron-Specimen Interactions -- 6. Scattering and Phase Contrast for Amorphous Specimens --
7. Kinematical and Dynamical Theory of Electron Diffraction -- 8. Diffraction Contrast and Crystal-Structure Imaging -- 9. Analytical Electron Microscopy -- 10. Specimen Damage by Electron Irradiation -- References
ISBN:9783662135532
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 36
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783540389101:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Novel Application of Anomalous (Resonance) X-ray Scattering for Structural Characterization of Disordered Materials
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (186 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0025745
Contents:A brief background of the present requirement for structural characterization of disordered materials -- Fundamental relationships between rdf and scattering intensity -- Definition of partial structure factors and compositional short
range order (CSRO) -- Experimental determination of partial structural functions -- Nature of anomalous x-ray scattering and its application for structural analysis of disordered materials -- Theoretical aspects on the anomalous
dispersion factors of x-rays -- Experimental determination of the anomalous dispersion factors -- Selected examples of structural determination using anomalous (resonance) x-ray scattering -- Relative merits of anomalous x-ray
scattering and its future prospects
ISBN:9783540389101
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 204
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Crystallography , Materials science , Physics , Crystallography , Mineralogy , Materials Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9781468484687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rock and Mineral Magnetism
Author(s): W O’Reilly
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (220 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-8468-7
Contents:1 Introduction to the magnetism of rocks -- 1.1 Rocks as magnetic information stores -- 1.2 The recorded information -- 1.3 Rock and mineral magnetism -- 1.4 Magnetism—some preliminaries -- 2 Magnetic minerals in rocks -- 2.1 The
magnetic mineral systems -- 2.2 The magnetic mineralogy of igneous rocks -- 2.3 The magnetic mineralogy of sediments -- 2.4 The magnetic mineralogy of extra-terrestrial materials -- 2.5 Summary -- Selected bibliography -- 3 The atomic
basis of magnetism -- 3.1 The electron spin the transition elements -- 3.2 Exchange -- 3.3 Curie temperatures of spinel oxides -- 3.4 Magnetocrystalline anisotropy -- 3.5 Induced anisotropy -- 3.6 Categories of magnetic behaviour --
3.7 Summary -- Selected bibliography -- 4 The magnetization process -- 4.1 The demagnetizing field—shape anisotropy -- 4.2 Domains and domain walls -- 4.3 The magnetization process -- 4.4 The time-dependence of
magnetization—equilibrium and thermal agitation -- 4.5 Summary -- Selected bibliography -- 5 Thermoremanent magnetization -- 5.1 The mechanism—definitions of blocking temperature -- 5.2 TRM models -- 5.3 Thermal demagnetization—partial
TRM -- 5.4 Self-reversed TRM -- 5.5 Summary -- Selected bibliography -- 6 Other remanence-inducing mechanisms -- 6.1 Mechanisms in nature -- 6.2 Mechanisms in the laboratory -- 6.3 Summary -- Selected bibliography -- 7 Magnetic
properties of titanomagnetites and titanomaghemites -- 7.1 The titanomagnetites -- 7.2 The titanomaghemites -- 7.3 Multiphase products of the oxidation of titanomagnetite -- 7.4 Summary -- 8 Magnetic properties of other mineral systems
-- 8.1 Haematite -- 8.2 The haematite-ilmenite solid solution -- 8.3 The pyrrhotites -- 8.4 Goethite -- 8.5 Iron -- 8.6 Alteration products of non-magnetic minerals -- 8.7 Summary -- 9 Applications of rock and mineral magnetism -- 9.1
Introduction -- 9.2 Physical models—the acquisition and removal of weak field remanences -- 9.3 Determination of the composition, concentration and microstructure of the magnetic mineral fraction in a rock (or other material) -- 9.4
Connections in planetary physics—the magnetization of planetary crusts -- 9.5 Summary
ISBN:9781468484687
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Keywords: Physics , Science , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400972599:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sediment Diagenesis
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (472 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7259-9
Contents:Facies, Sequences and Sand-Bodies of the Principal Clastic Depositional Environments -- Compactional Diagenesis -- Diagenetic Reactions in Sandstones -- Diagenetic Reactions in Clays -- Facies Controls on Sandstone Diagenesis --
Depositional Models for Carbonate Rocks -- Early Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments -- Burial Diagenesis in Limestones
ISBN:9789400972599
Series:eBooks
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Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 115
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Mineralogy , Sedimentology , Earth Sciences , Sedimentology , Mineralogy , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400959552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Palaeomagnetism Principles and Applications in Geology, Geophysics and Archaeology
Author(s): D. H Tarling
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (380 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5955-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Scope of the book -- 1.2 Historical perspective -- 1.3 Data presentation, magnetic units and geological ages -- 2 The physical basis -- 2.1 Magnetization on an atomic scale -- 2.2 Magnetic domains and anisotropy
-- 2.3 Temperature, grain size and time -- 3 Magnetic mineralogy and magnetic identification of minerals -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Magnetic minerals -- 3.3 Identification of magnetic minerals -- 4 The magnetization of natural
materials -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Igneous rocks -- 4.3 Unconsolidated sediments and sedimentary rocks -- 4.4 Metamorphic rocks -- 4.5 Archaeological materials -- 4.6 Secondary magnetizations -- 4.7 Magnetic inhomogeneity and
anisotropy -- 4.8 Summary -- 5 Sampling, measurement and procedures -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Sampling and orientation -- 5.3 Measurements of remanence, low-field susceptibility and anisotropy -- 5.4 The stability of remanence -- 5.5
The age of the remanence -- 5.6 Palaeointensities -- 5.7 Summary -- 6 Statistical and mathematical analyses -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Intensity of remanence and susceptibility -- 6.3 Directional analyses -- 6.4 Analyses of vector
components and their stability -- 6.5 Levels of direction analyses and sampling numbers -- 6.6 Magnetic fabric -- 7 Archaeological applications -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Archaeomagnetic dating -- 7.3 Other applications -- 8
Geomagnetic applications -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 The present geomagnetic field and historical observations -- 8.3 Secular variations and the drift of the non-dipole field -- 8.4 Polarity reversals, transitions and excursions -- 8.5
The general nature of the geomagnetic field -- 9 Geological applications -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Magnetic dating -- 9.3 Magnetic fabric -- 9.4 Sedimentological applications -- 9.5 Igneous and metamorphic rocks -- 9.6 Structural
applications -- 9.7 Biological, weather, climatic, palaeontological and palaeogeographic aspects -- 9.8 Extraterrestrial studies
ISBN:9789400959552
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9789400985377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tephra Studies Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute ”Tephra Studies as a Tool in Quaternary Research”, held in Laugarvatn and Reykjavík, Iceland, June 18–29, 1980
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (482 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-8537-7
Contents:Opening Address -- Tephra Studies and Tephrochronology: An Historical Review with Special Reference to Iceland -- Dating of Tephra -- Geochronology of Quaternary Tephra Deposits -- Approximate Dating Of Tephra -- The Interrelationship
between Magnetostratigraphy and Tephrochronology -- Correlation Techniques -- Correlation Techniques in Tephra Studies -- Tephrochronology by Microprobe Glass Analysis -- X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis as a Rapid Method of Identifying
Tephras Discovered in Archaeological Sites -- Regional Studies -- The Application of Tephrochronology in Iceland -- Use of Tephrochronology in the Quaternary Geology of the United States -- Tephrochronology and Quaternary Studies in
Japan -- Quaternary Tephra of Northern Central America -- A Textural Study of Basaltic Tephras from Lower Tertiary Diatomites in Northern Denmark -- Relations between Tectonics and Volcanism in the Roman Province, Italy -- Deep-Sea
Tephra Studies -- Quaternary Tephrochronology in the Mediterranean Region -- Areal Distribution, Redeposition and Mixing of Tephra within Deep-Sea Sediments of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea -- Marine Tephrochronology and Quaternary
Explosive Volcanism in the Lesser Antilles Arc -- Tephrochronology at DSDP Site 502 in the Western Caribbean -- Deep-Sea Record of Cenozoic Explosive Volcanism in the North Atlantic -- Studies on Individual Volcanoes or Tephra Layers
-- New Zealand Case Histories of Pyroclastic Studies -- Tephra Layer “a” -- Peralkaline Ignimbrite Sequences on Mayor Island, New Zealand -- The Thorsmörk Ignimbrite: A Review -- Archaeological and Ecological Applications -- Dating of
New World Archaeological Sites by Means of Tephra Layers -- Tephra Layer in Franchthi Cave, Peleponnesos, Greece -- Tephrochronology and Palaeoecology: The Value of Isochrones -- Volcanological Applications and Volcanic Hazard Research
-- Volcanological Applications of Pyroclastic Studies -- Some Effects of Tephra Falls on Buildings -- Pyroclastic Flows and Surges: Examples from the Lesser Antilles -- Base Surge Deposits in Japan -- Towards A Facies Model for
Ignimbrite-Forming Eruptions -- Violence in Pyroclastic Flow Eruptions -- Glacier Peak Volcano: Tephrochronology, Eruption History and Volcanic Hazards -- A Terminology for Pyroclastic Deposits -- List of ASI Participants
ISBN:9789400985377
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 75
Keywords: Earth sciences , Mineralogy , Hydrogeology , Earth Sciences , Mineralogy , Hydrogeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9783642817748:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Intercalation Compounds Proceedings of an International Conference Trieste, Italy, July 6–10, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (326 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81774-8
Contents:I. Structure and General Properties -- Kinetic Problems with Intercalation Compounds -- Comments on the Stoichiometry in the Metal-Graphite and Metal-Carbon Compounds -- Doped Polyacetylenes and Graphite Intercalation Compounds: A
Comparative Study -- Bond Length, Bond Strength and Electrical Conductivity in Carbon Based Systems -- Intercalation Reactions of Solids by Electron/Ion Transfer -- Domain Structures in Graphite Intercalation Compounds -- Surface Study
of Vacuum Synthesized Cesium Graphite Intercalation Compounds CsCn -- Irradiation Induced Defects in Layered Dichalcogenides -- The Role of Kinetic Effects in Voltammetry Studies of Intercalation Systems -- II. Electronic Properties --
Experiments on the Electronic Structure of Graphite Intercalation Compounds -- Electronic Properties of Graphite Intercalation Compounds -- Experimental Construction of Fermi Surface of C24SbCl5 -- Effective Mass Studies of
Intercalated Graphite -- Analysis of Physical Properties of Potassium-Tetrahydrofuran-Graphite Derivatives KC24s (THF)m -- Inelastic Electron Scattering Spectroscopy of Intercalated Graphite and Polyacetylene -- On the Theoretical
Models for Polyacetylene -- Electronic Correlation Effects in Cyclic Polyenes and in Polyacetylene -- X-Ray and Shubnikov-De Haas Studies of C8nAsF5 (n=1,2,3) -- Model Self-Consistent Bands for Graphite Intercalation Compounds --
Charge Superlattice Effects on the Electronic Structure of a Model Acceptor Graphite Intercalation Compound -- Knight Shift and Nuclear Quadrupolar Interaction in Alkali-Graphite Intercalation Compounds -- III. Stability and Phonons --
Lattice Distortions in Layered Compounds -- Experimental Studies of Phonon Dispersion and C-Axis Structure in Graphite Intercalation Compounds -- Phonons in Graphite Intercalation Compounds Measured by Neutron Scattering -- The Raman
Spectrum of EuC6: A Clue to Understanding Light Scattering from Stage 1 Alkali Gic’s -- Sound Velocities in Stage 1 and Stage 2 FeCl3 Intercalated Graphite -- Raman Measurements of Folded Interlayer Shearing Phonons in KC12n (n = 2-6)
-- IV. Ordering and Phase Transitions -- Structural Studies of Intercalants -- X-Ray Diffraction from Graphite Intercalation Compounds Under Hydrostatic Pressure -- On the Structure of the First Stage Binary Compound of Metals
Intercalated into Graphite -- Ordering in Intercalation Graphite Compounds by Means of X-Ray Diffraction -- Liquids in a Periodic Potential -- Effect of Relaxation on some Thermodynamic Properties of Lattice Gas Models with
Applications to AgCrS2 and Hollandite -- Melting and Nucleation of a Two-Dimensional Electron Solid -- Melting of the Two-Dimensional Electron Solid. A Kosterlitz Thouless Phase Transition? -- V. Magnetic Resonance -- Magnetic
Resonance in Graphite Intercalated Compounds -- 133Cs NMR Studies of Cesium G.I.C. -- The Electronic Structure of Donor- and Acceptor-Type Intercalation Compounds by Means of Low Temperature Specific Heats and 13C Nuclear Magnetic
Resonance -- VI. Transport, Conductivity, Superconductivity -- Electrical Conductivity and Superconductivity in Graphite Intercalation Compounds -- Superconductivity of Graphite Intercalation Compounds with Alkali and Alkali-Amalgam --
Thermal Conductivity: An Old Method and New Tool to Investigate Intercalation Compounds -- The Effect of Hydrogen Sorption on the Electronic Properties of C24K -- Critical Currents in Layered Superconductors -- List of Contributors
ISBN:9783642817748
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 38
Keywords: Physics , Mineralogy , Condensed matter , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Mineralogy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9789400998032:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Petrology and Geochemistry of Continental Rifts Volume One of the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute Paleorift Systems with Emphasis on the Permian Oslo Rift, held in Oslo, Norway, July 27–August 5, 1977
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (296 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-9803-2
Contents:General Aspects of Rifting -- Continental Rifting and Mantle Degassing -- A Note on the Behavior of Incompatible Trace Elements in Alkaline Magmas -- Geological and Geophysical Parameters of Mid-Plate Volcanism -- Tectonic and
Magmatic Evolution of the Southern Part of the Kenya Rift Valley -- Some Aspects of the Metallogeny of Continental Rifting Events -- Active Continental Rifts -- The Afar Rift Junction -- Petrology of Plio-Pleistocene Basaltic Rocks
from the Central Rio Grande Rift (New Mexico, USA) and their Relation to Rift Structure -- Rifting and Volcanism in the New Mexico Segment of the Basin and Range Province, Southwestern USA -- Mineralogy of the Tullu Moje Active
Volcanic Area (Arussi: Ethiopian Rift Valley) -- The Volcanological Development of the Kenya Rift -- Spatial and Temporal Variations in Basalt Geochemistry in the N. Kenya Rift -- Paleorifts -- Rift-Associated Igneous Activity in
Eastern North America -- Basaltic and Alkalic Rocks of Southern Brazil: A Review -- The Gardar Igneous Province: Evidence for Proterozoic Continental Rifting -- Evidence for an Early Permian Oceanic Rift in the Northern North Atlantic
-- RB/SR-Relationship in the Oslo Igneous Rocks -- Distribution of Th, U, K in the Plutonic Rocks of the Oslo Region, Norway -- Origin of the Magmas of the Vestfold Lava Plateau -- Petrology of the Skien Basaltic Rocks and the Early
Basaltic (B1) Volcanism of the Permian Oslo Rift -- Composite Plutonic Ring-Complexes: A Structural Characteristic of Rift-Zone Plutonism -- Petrogenesis of the Larvik Ring-Complex in the Permian Oslo Rift, Norway -- Petrogenesis of
the Holterkollen Plutonic Complex, Norway -- Metallogeny -- Ore Deposits Related to the Keweenawan Rift -- K/AR Dating of Clay-Mineral Alteration Associated with Ore Deposition in the Northern Part Of the Oslo Region -- Further K/AR
Determinations on Clay-Mineral Alteration Associated with Fluorite Deposition in Southern Norway -- Ore Deposits in the North-Eastern Part of the Oslo Region and in the Adjacent Pre-Cambrian Areas
ISBN:9789400998032
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 36
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geophysics , Earth Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9783540373995:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mössbauer Spectroscopy
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (244 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-07120-2
Contents:From a strange effect to Mössbauer spectroscopy -- Mössbauer spectroscopy in chemistry -- Mössbauer spectroscopy in magnetism characterization of magnetically-ordered compounds -- Mössbauer spectroscopy in biology -- Mössbauer
Spectroscopy in lunar geology and mineralogy -- Mössbauer spectroscopy in physical metallurgy
ISBN:9783540373995
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Topics in Applied Physics: 5
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Geophysics , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Physical Chemistry , Geophysics/Geodesy , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1964-9783709181072:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Identification of Materials Via Physical Properties Chemical Tests and Microscopy
Author(s): A. A Benedetti-Pichler
Date:1964
Size:1 online resource (492 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-8107-2
Contents:The Task of Qualitative Analysis -- Principles and Definitions -- Specificity and Sensitivity -- The Method of Qualitative Analysis -- The Minimum Size of the Sample for Chemical Analysis -- Properties Affected by the Size of the
System -- Apparatus, Technique, and Scale of Work -- Observation of Properties -- Selection of Procedure -- I: Technique of Observation and Manipulation -- Use of Optical Aids -- Technique of Experimentation and Observation -- II:
Systematic Analysis: Choice of Materials and Cleaning -- Sampling for Analysis -- Systematic Procedure of Analysis -- Test Solutions -- Preparation of Unknowns -- Reagents -- Table 1. Color of Some Inorganic Substances -- Table 2.
Substances Crystallizing in the Cubic System -- Elements -- Inorganic Compounds -- Organic Compounds -- Table 3. Substances Crystallizing in the Hexagonal System -- Elements -- Inorganic Compounds -- Organic Compounds -- Table 4. List
of Common Inorganic Compounds in the Order of Their Melting Points -- Table 5. Inorganic Substances that Sublime, Arranged According to Color -- Table 6. Inorganic Solids which Burst into Flame when Heated in Air, Ignition Temperatures
in Centigrades -- Table 7. List of Solids which Explode on Heating -- Inorganic Compounds -- Organic Compounds -- Table 8. Inorganic Solids Moderately Soluble in Water at Room Temperature -- Literature -- General Reference Books --
Theory of Chemical Analysis -- Reagents -- Standard Tests and Procedures of Qualitative Analysis -- Chromatography and Ion Exchange -- Instrumental Methods -- Chemical Microscopy -- Slide Tests and Spot Tests -- Micro Analysis and
Microtechnique -- Miscellaneous Applications of Microtechnique -- Mineralogy -- Journals -- Reports -- Theses -- Unpublished Experiments -- Private Communications -- Meetings -- Addresses
ISBN:9783709181072
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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