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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD MIXING *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/27738.20 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword mixing ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319542416:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complex Networks VIII Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Complex Networks CompleNet 2017
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 262 p. 88 illus., 75 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Part I: Theory of Complex Networks -- Second-Order Assortative Mixing in Social Networks -- Network motifs detection using random networks with prescribed subgraph frequencies -- Network motifs detection using random networks with
prescribed subgraph frequencies -- Fuzzy Centrality Evaluation in Complex and Multiplex Networks -- Part II: Community Structure -- Enhancing Space-Aware Community Detection Using Degree Constrained Spatial Null Model -- Node-centric
community detection in multilayer networks with layer-coverage diversification bias -- Community Detection in Signed Networks Based on Extended Signed Modularity -- Characterising inter and intra-community interactions in link streams
using temporal motifs -- Part III: Dynamics of Networks -- Modeling the Impact of Privacy on Information Diffusion in Social Networks -- Evolution Similarity for Dynamic Link Prediction in Longitudinal Networks -- Stochastic Modeling
of the Decay Dynamics of Online Social Networks -- Part IV: Applications of Network Science -- Complex Reaction Network in Silane Plasma Chemistry -- Seeing Red: Locating People of Interest in Networks -- Understanding Subject-based
Emoji Usage using Network Science -- Characterization of Written Languages using Structural Features from Common Corpora -- Optimal Information Security Investment in Modern Social Networking -- Part V: Social Structure -- Emergence of
social balance in signed networks -- Community Detection in the Network of German Princes in 1225: a Case Study -- Comparative topological signatures of growing collaboration networks -- Part VI: Human Behavior -- Explaining changes in
physical activity through a computational model of social contagion -- Everyday the Same Picture: Popularity and Content Diversity -- Part VII: Biological Networks -- Investigating side effect modules in the interactome and their use
in drug adverse effect discovery -- Attractor Analysis of the Asynchronous Boolean Model of the Klotho Gene Regulatory Network
ISBN:9783319542416
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Artificial intelligence , Computational intelligence , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks , Computational Social Sciences , Computational Intelligence , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Complexity
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Call number:9781608074891:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microwave mixer technology and applications
Author(s): Bert Henderson
Edmar Camargo
Date:2013
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (864 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Origins of Electronic Mixers -- History of Radio Development -- Single Ended Circuits -- Singly Balanced Mixers -- Doubly Balanced Star Circuit -- Special Receiver Architectures -- Harmonic Mixers -- Self-Oscillating Balanced Mixers -- Dis tributed Mixers . Chapter 2 System Parameters and Performance -- System Overview -- Digital Modulation -- Error Performance -- Receiver Architectures -- Mixer Linearity . Noise -- Noise and Distortion in Communication Subsystems -- Dynamic Range . Chapter 3 Semiconductor Modeling -- Modeling Schottky Diodes -- Modeling Bipolar Transistors -- Modeling Field Effect Transistors . Chapter 4 Passive and Active Coupling Structures -- Balun Structure -- Marchand Balun -- Microstrip Baluns -- Lumped Elements -- S lotline Type -- Active Approach -- Hybrid Couplers (Magic-T) -- Quadrature Hybrids -- Appendix 4A Guanella 4-1 Transformer -- Appendix 4B Compensated Balun -- Appendix 4C Active FET Power Divider -- Appendix 4D Alternative FET Power Divider -- Appendix 4E Active FET Combiner
Chapter 5 Diode Mixer Theory -- History of Linear and Nonlinear Analysis -- Linear Mixer Analysis -- Frequency Conversion Matrix -- Computer Simulation Example -- Large Signal Conversion Analysis -- Subharmonic Mixer -- Balanced Diode Circuits -- Mi xer Circuit Synthesis -- Appendix 5A Parasitic Losses in Diode Mixers -- Appendix 5B Conversion Matrix Including Parasitics -- Appendix 5C Image Imp. and RF-Image Conversion -- Appendix 5D Saleh Exp. Diode Mixer Performance -- Chapter 6 Diode Applications -- Single Ended -- Singly Balanced -- Doubly Balanced -- Triply Balanced -- Quadrature Mixers -- Subharmonic Mixers -- Chapter 7 BJT Mixer Theory -- Low Frequency Mixer -- Conversion Matrix -- Mixer Properties -- Design Study: CDMA Down-Converter -- Ca scode Approach -- Singly Balanced Mixer -- Singly Balanced Subharmonic -- Doubly Balanced Mixer -- WiFi 2.45 GHz Gilbert Mixer -- Differential Triple Level -- Doubly Balanced Subharmonic -- Subharmonic Triple Level -- Appendix 7A Gummel Poon Parameters -- Appendix 7B Spice Parameters . Chapter 8 Bipolar Junction Transistor Applications -- Single Ended -- Parallel Combined Mixers -- Integrated Circuit Topologies -- Doubly Balanced -- Image Reject -- Subharmonic Topologies
Chapter 9 CFET Mixer Theory -- Gate LO Injection -- Source LO Injection -- Drain LO Injection -- Resistive Approach -- Cascode Mixer -- Singly Balanced -- Doubly Balanced -- Subharmonic Mixing -- Distributed Mixers -- Appendix 9A NE67300 Parameters -- Chapter 10 Passive FET Applications -- Single Ended -- Floating Approach -- Singly Balanced -- Doubly Balanced -- Distributed GaAs Applications . Chapter 11 Active FET Applications -- Single Ended -- Singly Balanced Doubly Balanced -- Subharmonic Appro ach -- Self-Oscillating FET Mixer -- Distributed Applications
ISBN:9781608074891
Series:Artech House microwave library
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Microwave mixers.
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Call number:9781400845590:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The physics of neutrinos
Author(s): Vernon Barger
Danny Marfatia
Kerry Lewis Whisnant
Date:2012
Publisher:Princeton: Princeton University Press
Size:1 online resource (224 p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Neutrino basics -- Neutrino mixing and oscillations -- Solar neutrinos -- Atmospheric neutrinos -- Global three-neutrino fits -- Absolute neutrino mass -- Long-baseline neutrino oscillations -- Model building -- Supernova neutrinos - - High-energy astrophysical neutrinos -- Beyond three neutrinos -- Summary and outlook.
ISBN:9781400845590
Series:eBooks
Series:EBL eBook
Keywords: Neutrinos.
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Call number:9780191523229:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics [electronic resource].
Author(s): Carlo. Giunti
Chung W. Kim
Date:2007
Publisher:Oxford: Oxford University Press
Size:1 online resource (727 pages)
Contents:1 Historical introduction 2 Quantized Dirac fields 3 The Standard Model 4 Three-generation mixing 5 Neutrino interactions 6 Massive neutrinos 7 Neutrino oscillations in vacuum 8 Theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum 9 Neutrino oscillations in matter 10 Solar neutrinos 11 Atmospheric neutrinos 12 Terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments 13 Phenomenology of three-neutrino mixing 14 Direct measurements of neutrino mass 15 Supernova neutrinos 16 Cosmology 17 Relic neutrinos Append ices Bibliography Index.
ISBN:9780191523229
Series:EBL eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Neutrinos. , Neutrino astrophysics.
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Call number:3527411895:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing
Author(s): Zhang
Date:2013
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (353 p.)
ISBN:9783527411894
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:3527410112:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport and Mixing in Laminar Flows - From Microfluidics to Oceanic Currents
Author(s): Grigoriev
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (191 p.)
ISBN:9783527410118
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:TP807.K49::2002 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ceramic technology and processing
Author(s): Alan G. King
Date:2002
Publisher:Norwich, N.Y. : Noyes Publications
Size:512 p.
Contents:Safety -- Milling and equipment -- Slip preparation procedures -- Mixing coarse grained materials -- Forming -- Green machining -- Firing -- Grinding -- Effects of processing on properties -- Ceramic property measurements -- Tools
ISBN:0815514433
Series:Materials science and process technology series
Keywords: Ceramics.
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Call number:TP156.M5O87::1989 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The kinematics of mixing : stretching, chaos, and transport
Author(s): J.M. Ottino
Date:1989
Publisher:Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Size:364
Contents:1. Introduction 2. Flow, trajectories and deformation 3. Conservation equations, change of frame, and vorticity 4. Computation of stretching and efficiency 5. Chaos in dynamical systems 6. Chaos in Hamiltonian systems 7. Mixing and chaos in two-dimensional time-periodic flows 8. Mixing and chaos in three-dimensional and open flows 9. Epilogue: diffusion and reaction in lamellar structures and microstructures in chaotic flows
ISBN:0521363357
Series:Cambridge texts in applied mathematics 9
Keywords: Mixing.
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Call number:TP156.M5M53::1999 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mixing : chaos and turbulence
Conference:NATO Advanced Study Institute on Mixing, Chaos and Turbulence, Cargese, France, 1996
Author(s): H. Chate
Date:1999
Publisher:Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York
Size:396
ISBN:0306461951
Series:NATO ASI series. v. 373
Keywords: Mixing Congresses. , Conference proceedings , Conferences
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Call number:TK7885.7.R87::2011 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:VHDL for logic synthesis
Author(s): Andrew Rushton
Date:2011
Edition:3rd ed.
Publisher:Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. : Wiley
Size:466 p.
Contents:1.1. The VHDL Design Cycle -- 1.2. The Origins of VHDL -- 1.3. The Standardisation Process -- 1.4. Unification of VHDL Standards -- 1.5. Portability -- 2. Register-Transfer Level Design -- 2.1. The RTL Design Stages -- 2.2. Example Circuit -- 2.3. Identify the Data Operations -- 2.4. Determine the Data Precision -- 2.5. Choose Resources to Provide -- 2.6. Allocate Operations to Resources -- 2.7. Design the Controller -- 2.8. Design the Reset Mechanism -- 2.9. VHDL Description of the RTL Design -- 2.10. Synthesis
3.10.Worked Example -- 4. Basic Types -- 4.1. Synthesisable Types -- 4.2. Standard Types -- 4.3. Standard Operators -- 4.4. Type Bit -- 4.5. Type Boolean -- 4.6. Integer Types -- 4.7. Enumeration Types -- 4.8. Multi-Valued Logic Types -- 4.9. Records -- 4.10. Arrays -- 4.11. Aggregates, Strings and Bit-Strings -- 4.12. Attributes -- 4.13. More on Selected Signal Assignments -- 5. Operators -- 5.1. The Standard Operators -- 5.2. Operator
6.10. Top-Level Interface -- 7.Std_Logic_Arith -- 7.1. The Std_Logic_Arith Package -- 7.2. Contents of Std_Logic_Arith -- 7.3.Type Conversions -- 7.4. Constant Values -- 7.5. Mixing Types in Expressions -- 8. Sequential VHDL -- 8.1. Processes -- 8.2. Signal Assignments -- 8.3. Variables -- 8.4. If Statements -- 8.5. Case Statements -- 8.6. Latch Inference -- 8.7. Loops -- 8.8. Worked Example -- 9. Registers -- 9.1. Basic D-Type Register -- 9.2
ISBN:9780470688472
Keywords: VHDL (Computer hardware description language) , Logic design Data processing. , Computer-aided design. , Computers / Computer Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319270999:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Analysis for High-Dimensional Data The Abel Symposium 2014
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (19 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27099-9
Contents:Some Themes in High-Dimensional Statistics: A. Frigessi et al -- Laplace Appoximation in High-Dimensional Bayesian Regression: R. Barber, M. Drton et al -- Preselection in Lasso-Type Analysis for Ultra-High Dimensional Genomic Exploration: L.C. Berg ersen, I. Glad et al -- Spectral Clustering and Block Models: a Review and a new Algorithm: S. Bhattacharyya et al -- Bayesian Hierarchical Mixture Models: L. Bottelo et al -- iBATCGH Integrative Bayesian Analysis of Transcriptomic and CGH Data: Cassese, M. Vannucci et al -- Models of Random Sparse Eigenmatrices and Bayesian Analysis of Multivariate Structure: A.J. Cron, M. West -- Combining Single and Paired End RNA-seq Data for Differential Expression Analysis: F. Feng, T.Speed et al -- An Imputation Me thod for Estimation the Learning Curve in Classification Problems: E. Laber et al -- Baysian Feature Allocation Models for Tumor Heterogeneity: J. Lee, P. Mueller et al -- Bayesian Penalty Mixing: The Case of a Non-Separable Penalty: V.
Rockova et al -- Confidence Intervals for Maximin Effects in Inhomogeneous Large Scale Data: D. Rothenhausler et al -- Chisquare Confidence Sets in High-Dimensional Regression: S. van de Geer et al.
ISBN:9783319270999
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Abel Symposia: 11
Keywords: Mathematics , Bioinformatics , Computer mathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis , Statistical Theory and Methods , Bioinformatics , Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319248776:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Markov Chain Aggregation for Agent-Based Models
Author(s): Sven Banisch
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (18 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24877-6
Contents:Introduction -- Background and Concepts -- Agent-based Models as Markov Chains -- The Voter Model with Homogeneous Mixing -- From Network Symmetries to Markov Projections -- Application to the Contrarian Voter Model --
Information-Theoretic Measures for the Non-Markovian Case -- Overlapping Versus Non-Overlapping Generations -- Aggretion and Emergence: A Synthesis -- Conclusion
ISBN:9783319248776
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , System theory , Statistical physics , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Complex Systems , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319209494:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Production, Handling and Characterization of Particulate Materials
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (120 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20949-4
Contents:Preface -- Contributing Authors - Information -- Introduction -- Industrial Aspects of Crystallization -- Wet Colloid Synthesis: Precipitation and Dispersion -- Granulation and Tabletting -- Particulate Flow and Agglomeration in Food
Extrusion -- Comminution -- Atomization, Spraying and Nebulization -- Emulsification: Established and Future Technologies -- Mixing of Solid Materials -- Particle Separations by Filtration and Sedimentation -- Flotation --
Classification -- Storage and Discharge of Bulk Solids -- Solids Transport and Handling -- Sampling and Characterization of Bulk Particulate Materials and Products -- Index
ISBN:9783319209494
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Particle Technology Series: 25
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Nanochemistry , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Nanotechnology , Physics , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Nanotechnology , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Nanotechnology and Microengineering , Nanochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400771802:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Essence of Turbulence as a Physical Phenomenon [electronic resource] : With Emphasis on Issues of Paradigmatic Nature
Author(s): Arkady Tsinober
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book critically reexamines what turbulence really is, from a fundamental point of view and based on observations from nature, laboratories, and direct numerical simulations. It includes critical assessments and a comparativeanalysis of the key d evelopments, their evolution and failures, along with key misconceptions and outdated paradigms. The main emphasis is on conceptual and problematic aspects, physical phenomena, observations, misconceptions andunresolved issues rather than on conventional formalistic aspects, models, etc. Apart from the obvious fundamental importance of turbulent flows, this emphasis stems from the basic premise that without corresponding progress infundamental aspects there is little chance for progress in applications su ch as drag reduction, mixing, control and modeling of turbulence. More generally, there is also a desperate need to grasp the physical fundamentals of thetechnological processes in which turbulence plays a central role
Contents:PART 1: INTRODUCTION
The phenomenon and the problem of turbulence
1 The phenomenon of turbulence
2 The problem of turbulence
3 What equations describe turbulence adequately?
PART 2: ISSUES OF PARADIGMATIC NATURE I
Origins and nature of turbulence
4 Origins of turbulence
5 Nature of turbulence
6 Additional issues of importance related to the use of statistical methods
PART 3: ISSUES OF PARADIGMATIC NATURE II
Specific features
7 The Ns of turbulence
8 Large Reynolds number behavior, Symmetries, Universality
9 Intermittency and Structure(s) of and/in turb
ISBN:9789400771802
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Oceanography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9788132219521:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics and Computing 2013 [electronic resource] : International Conference in Haldia, India
Author(s): Ram N Mohapatra
Debasis Giri
P. K Saxena
P. D Srivastava
Date:2014
Publisher:New Delhi : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book discusses recent developments and contemporary research in mathematics, statistics and their applications in computing. All contributing authors are eminent academicians, scientists, researchers and scholars in theirrespective fields, haili ng from around the world. The conference has emerged as a powerful forum, offering researchers a venue to discuss, interact and collaborate, and stimulating the advancement of mathematics and its applications incomputer science. The book will allow aspiri ng researchers to update their knowledge of cryptography, algebra, frame theory, optimizations, stochastic processes, compressive sensing, functional analysis, complex variables, etc.Educating future consumers, users, producers, developers and researchers in mathematics and computing is a challenging task and essential to the development of modern society. Hence, mathematics and its applications in computer scienceare of vital importance to a broad range of communities, including mathematicians and comput ing professionals across different educational levels and disciplines.
Contents:Chapter 1. Propagation of water waves in the presence of thin vertical barrier on the bottom undulation
Chapter 2. Cryptanalysis of Multilanguage Encryption Techniques
Chapter 3. Signcryption with Delayed Identification
Chapter 4. HDNM8: A Round
8 High Diffusion Block Cipher With Nonlinear Mixing Function
Chapter 5. Frames and Erasures
Chapter 6. Semi
inner Product: Application to Frame Theory and Numerical Range of Operators
Chapter 7. Multi
level Non
Linear Programming Problem With Some Multi
choice Parameter
Chapter 8. A New Class of Rational Cubic Fractal Splines for U
ISBN:9788132219521
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v91
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319061306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carlo M Becchi
Giovanni Ridolfi
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results
Contents:Introduction
Relativistic field theory
Scattering theory
Feynman
Spinor fields
Gauge symmetries
The standard model
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry
Breaking of accidental symmetries
Summary
Applications
Neutrino masses and mixing
A. Large
time evolution of the free field
B. Scattering from an external density
C. Dirac matrices
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory
References
ISBN:9783319061306
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319048079:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analytic and Probabilistic Approaches to Dynamics in Negative Curvature [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franoise Dal'Bo
Marc Peign
Andrea Sambusetti
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The work of E. Hopf and G.A. Hedlund, in the 1930s, on transitivity and ergodicity of the geodesic flow for hyperbolic surfaces, marked the beginning of the investigation of the statistical properties and stochastic behavior ofthe flow. The first cen tral limit theorem for the geodesic flow was proved in the 1960s by Y. Sinai for compact hyperbolic manifolds. Since then, strong relationships have been found between the fields of ergodic theory, analysis, andgeometry. Different approaches and new tools have been developed to study the geodesic flow, including measure theory, thermodynamic formalism, transfer operators, Laplace operators, and Brownian motion. All these different points ofview have led to a deep understanding of more general dynamical sy stems, in particular the so-called Anosov systems, with applications to geometric problems such as counting, equirepartition, mixing, and recurrence properties of theorbits. This book comprises two independent texts that provide a self-contained introduct ion to two different approaches to the investigation of hyperbolic dynamics. The first text, by S. Le Borgne, explains the method of martingalesfor the central limit theorem. This approach can be used in several situations, even for weakly hyperbolic flow s, and the author presents a good number of examples and applications to equirepartition and mixing. The second text, by F.Faure and M. Tsujii, concerns the semiclassical approach, by operator theory: chaotic dynamics is described through the spectrum of the associated transfer operator, with applications to the asymptotic counting of periodic orbits. Thebook will be of interest for a broad audience, from PhD and Post-Doc students to experts working on geometry and dynamics
ISBN:9783319048079
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer INdAM Series, 2281-518X : v9
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Operator theory , Global differential geometry , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9788132207634:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Inference for Discrete Time Stochastic Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): M. B Rajarshi
Date:2013
Publisher:India : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This work is an overview of statistical inference in stationary, discrete time stochastic processes. Results in the last fifteen years, particularly on non-Gaussian sequences and semi-parametric and non-parametric analysis havebeen reviewed. The firs t chapter gives a background of results on martingales and strong mixing sequences, which enable us to generate various classes of CAN estimators in the case of dependent observations. Topics discussed includeinference in Markov chains and extension of Ma rkov chains such as Raftery's Mixture Transition Density model and Hidden Markov chains and extensions of ARMA models with a Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Exponential, Gamma, Weibull,Lognormal, Inverse Gaussian and Cauchy as stationary distributions. It f urther discusses applications of semi-parametric methods of estimation such as conditional least squares and estimating functions in stochastic models.Construction of confidence intervals based on estimating functions is discussed in some detail. Kernel b ased estimation of joint density and conditional expectation are also discussed. Bootstrap and other resampling procedures fordependent sequences such as Markov chains, Markov sequences, linear auto-regressive moving average sequences, block based bootstr ap for stationary sequences and other block based procedures are also discussed in some detail. This workcan be useful for researchers interested in knowing developments in inference in discrete time stochastic processes. It can be used as a material for advanced level research students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:CAN Estimators from dependent observations
Markov chains and their extensions
Non
Gaussian ARMA models
Estimating Functions
Estimation of joint densities and conditional expectation
Bootstrap and other resampling procedures
Index
ISBN:9788132207634
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642349799:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Cooling of Particle Beams [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dieter Mhl
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This lecture note describes the main analytical approaches to stochastic cooling. The first is the time-domain picture, in which the beam is rapidly sampled at a high rate and a statistical analysis is used to describe the coolingbehaviour. The secon d is the frequency-domain picture, which is particularly useful since the observations made on the beam and the numerical cooling simulations are mainly in this domain. This second picture is developed in detail toassess key components of modern cooling t heory like mixing and signal shielding and to illustrate some of the diagnostic methods. Finally the use of a distribution function and the Fokker-Plank equation, which offer the most completedescription of the beam during the cooling, are discussed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Introduction
Simplified Theory, Time
domain Picture
Pickup and Kicker Impedance
Frequency
domain Picture
A More Detailed Derivation of Betatron and Filter Cooling (Frequency
Domain Picture)
Feedback via the Beam and Signal Shielding
The Distribution Function and Fokker
Planck Equations
Some Special Applications
References
Glossary
ISBN:9783642349799
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v866
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642311468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Students t-Distribution and Related Stochastic Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bronius Grigelionis
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This brief monograph is an in-depth study of the infinite divisibility and self-decomposability properties of central and noncentral Students distributions, represented as variance and mean-variance mixtures of multivariateGaussian distributions with the reciprocal gamma mixing distribution. These results allow us to define and analyse Student-Lvy processes as Thorin subordinated Gaussian Lvy processes. A broad class of one-dimensional, strictlystationary diffusions with the Students t-marginal distr ibution are defined as the unique weak solution for the stochastic differential equation. Using the independently scattered random measures generated by the bi-variate centredStudent-Lvy process, and stochastic integration theory, a univariate, strictly s tationary process with the centred Students t- marginals and the arbitrary correlation structure are defined. As a promising direction for future workin constructing and analysing new multivariate Student-Lvy type processes, the notion of Lvy copulas and the related analogue of Sklars theorem are explained
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Asymptotics
Preliminaries of Lvy Processes
Student
Lvy Processes
Student OU
type Processes
Student Diffusion Processes
Miscellanea
Bessel Functions
References
Index
ISBN:9783642311468
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642103001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Flavor Physics at the Tevatron [electronic resource] : Decay, Mixing and CP-Violation Measurements in pp-Collisions
Author(s): Thomas Kuhr
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book reviews the latest experimental results of charm and bottom flavor physics at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. The measurements of lifetimes, branching ratios and mixing properties of heavy flavored hadronsprovide important constrain ts on fundamental parameters of the standard model the elements of the CKM matrix. Comparisons of experimental results with theoretical predictions allow to search for physics beyond the standard model orto set bounds on parameters of new physics models. The experimental techniques developed at the Tevatron are highly relevant for the next generation flavor physics experiments at the LHC
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Flavor in the Standard Model
Theoretical Description of Mixing and CP
Violation
Experimental Techniques
Lifetime and Decay of B
Hadrons
Flavor Oscillations
CP
Violation in Mixing and the Interference of Mixing andDecay
Direct CP
Violation
Rare Decays
Conclusions
ISBN:9783642103001
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v249
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319011073:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Special Relativity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Valerio Faraoni
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book offers an essential bridge between college-level introductions and advanced graduate-level books on special relativity. It begins at an elementary level, presenting and discussing the basic concepts normally covered incollege-level works, i ncluding the Lorentz transformation. Subsequent chapters introduce the four-dimensional worldview implied by the Lorentz transformations, mixing time and space coordinates, before continuing on to the formalism oftensors, a topic usually avoided in lower- level courses. The books second half addresses a number of essential points, including the concept of causality the equivalence between mass and energy, including applications relativisticoptics and measurements and matter in Minkowski spacetime. The clos ing chapters focus on the energy-momentum tensor of a continuous distribution of mass-energy and its covariant conservation angular momentum a discussion of thescalar field of perfect fluids and the Maxwell field and general coordinates. Every chapter is supplemented by a section with numerous exercises, allowing readers to practice the theory. These exercises constitute an essential part ofthe textbook, and the solutions to approximately half of them are provided in the appendix
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals of Special Relativity
Introduction
The Principle of Relativity
Groupsthe Galilei group
Galileian law of addition of velocities
The lesson from electromagnetism
The postulates of Special Relativity
Consequences of the postulates
Conclusion
Problems
The Lorentz transformation
Introduction
The Lorentz transformation
Derivation of the Lorentz transformation
Mathematical properties of the Lorentz transformation
Absolute speed limit and causality
Length contraction from the Lorentz transformation
Time dilation from the Lorentz tran
ISBN:9783319011073
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000749:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards Solid-State Quantum Repeaters [electronic resource] : Ultrafast, Coherent Optical Control and Spin-Photon Entanglement in Charged InAs Quantum Dots
Author(s): Kristiaan De Greve
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Towards Solid-State Quantum Repeaters: Ultrafast, Coherent Optical Control and Spin-Photon Entanglement in Charged InAs Quantum Dots summarizes several state-of-the-art coherent spin manipulation experiments in III-V quantum dots.Both high-fidelity o ptical manipulation, decoherence due to nuclear spins and the spin coherence extraction are discussed, as is the generation of entanglement between a single spin qubit and a photonic qubit. The experimental resultsare analyzed and discussed in the context of future quantum technologies, such as quantum repeaters. Single spins in optically active semiconductor host materials have emerged as leading candidates for quantum information processing(QIP). The quantum nature of the spin allows for encoding of sta tionary, memory quantum bits (qubits), and the relatively weak interaction with the host material preserves the spin coherence. On the other hand, optically active hostmaterials permit direct interfacing with light, which can be used for all-optical qubit manipulation, and for efficiently mapping matter qubits into photonic qubits that are suited for long-distance quantum communication
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Quantum Dot Spin Qubits
Ultrafast Control of Electron Spins
Hadamard Gate
Geometric Phase Gates
Hole Spin Qubits
Spin
Photon Entanglement
Conclusion and Outlook
A: Fidelity Analysis
B: Electron Spin
Nuclear Feedback
C: Heavy
Hole
Light
Hole Mixing
D: Coherent Hole Rotation Model
E: Hole Spin Device Design
F: Visibility of Quantum Erasure
ISBN:9783319000749
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461463368:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Walks and Search Algorithms [electronic resource]
Author(s): Renato Portugal
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book addresses an interesting area of quantum computation called quantum walks, which play an important role in building quantum algorithms, in particular search algorithms. Quantum walks are the quantum analogue of classicalrandom walks. It is known that quantum computers have great power for searching unsorted databases. This power extends to many kinds of searches, particularly to the problem of finding a specific location in a spatial layout, which canbe modeled by a graph. The goal is to fi nd a specific node knowing that the particle uses the edges to jump from one node to the next. This book is self-contained with main topics that include: Grover's algorithm, describing itsgeometrical interpretation and evolution by means of the spectral d ecomposition of the evolution operater Analytical solutions of quantum walks on important graphs like line, cycles, two-dimensional lattices, and hypercubes usingFourier transforms Quantum walks on generic graphs, describing methods to calculate the limit ing distribution and mixing time Spatial search algorithms, with emphasis on the abstract search algorithm (the two-dimensional lattice isused as an example) Szedgedy's quantum-walk model and a natural definition of quantum hitting time (the complete grap h is used as an example) The reader will benefit from the pedagogical aspects of the book, learning faster and withmore ease than would be possible from the primary research literature. Exercises and references further deepen the reader's understanding, a nd guidelines for the use of computer programs to simulate the evolution of quantum walks arealso provided
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Postulates of Quantum Mechanics
Introduction to Quantum Walks
Grover's Algorithm and its Generalization
Quantum Walks on Infinite Graphs
Quantum Walks on Finite Graphs
Limiting Distribution and Mixing Time
Spatial Algorithms
Hitting Time
Appendix: Linear Algebra for Quantum Computation
ISBN:9781461463368
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Quantum Science and Technology
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Information theory , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461462927:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:System Identification Using Regular and Quantized Observations [electronic resource] : Applications of Large Deviations Principles
Author(s): Qi He
Le Yi Wang
G. George Yin
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This brief presents characterizations of identification errors under a probabilistic framework when output sensors are binary, quantized, or regular. By considering both space complexity in terms of signal quantization and timecomplexity with respect to data window sizes, this study provides a new perspective to understand the fundamental relationship between probabilistic errors and resources, which may represent data sizes in computer usage, computationalcomplexity in algorithms, sample sizes in st atistical analysis and channel bandwidths in communications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction and Overview
System Identification: Formulation
Large Deviations: An Introduction
LDP under I.I.D. Noises
LDP under Mixing Noises
Applications to Battery Diagnosis
Applications to Medical Signal Processing
Applications to Electric Machines
Remarks and Conclusion
References
Index
ISBN:9781461462927
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Systems theory , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400726451:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electromagnetic Processing of Materials [electronic resource] : Materials Processing by Using Electric and Magnetic Functions
Author(s): Shigeo Asai
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This bookis botha course book and a monograph. In fact, it has developed from notes given to graduate course students on materials processing in the years 1989 to 2006. Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (EPM),originatesfroma branchof materials science and engineeringdeveloped in the1980s as a field aiming to create new materials and/or design processes by making use of various functions which appear when applying the electric andmagnetic fieldsto materials. It is based on transport phenomena, m aterials processing and magnetohydrodynamics. The first chapter briefly introduces the history, background and technology of EPM. In the second chapter, the concept oftransport phenomena is concisely introduced and in the third chapter the essential part of magnetohydrodynamics is transcribed and readers areshown that the concept of transport phenomenadoes not only applyto heat, mass andmomentum, but also magnetic field. The fourth chapter describes electromagnetic processing of electrically conductive ma terials such as electromagnetic levitation, mixing, brake, and etc., which are caused by the Lorentz force. Thefifth chapter treats magnetic processing of organic and non-organic materials such as magnetic levitation, crystal orientation, structural align ment and etc., which are induced by the magnetization force. This part is a new academicfield named Magneto-Science, which focuseson the development of super-conducting magnets. This book is written so as to be understood by any graduate student in engine ering courses but also to be of interest to engineers andresearchers in industries
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Contents
Preface
Chapter 1: Development of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials
Chapter 2:Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing
Chapter 3: Magnetohydrodynamics in Materials Processing
Chapter 4: Electromagnetic Processing of Materials
Chapter 5: Materials Processing by Use of a High Intensity Magnetic Field
Appendix
Notations
Index
ISBN:9789400726451
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications, 0926-5112 : v99
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Hydraulic engineering , Structural control (Engineering) , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788132206774:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Borel-Cantelli Lemma [electronic resource]
Author(s): Tapas Kumar Chandra
Date:2012
Publisher:India : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This monograph provides an extensive treatment of the theory and applications of the celebrated Borel-Cantelli Lemma. Starting from some of the basic facts of the axiomatic probability theory, it embodies the classical versions ofthese lemma, togethe r with the well known as well as the most recent extensions of them due to Barndorff-Nielsen, Balakrishnan and Stepanov, Erdos and Renyi, Kochen and Stone, Petrov and the present author. The versions of the secondBorel-Cantelli Lemma for pair wise negativ e quadrant dependent sequences, weakly *-mixing sequences, mixing sequences (due to Renyi) and for many other dependent sequences are all included. The special feature of the book is a detaileddiscussion of a strengthened form of the second Borel-Cantelli Lemma and the conditional form of the Borel-Cantelli Lemmas due to Levy, Chen and Serfling. All these results are well illustrated by means of many interesting examples.All the proofs are rigorous, complete and lucid. An extensive list of research papers , some of which are forthcoming, is provided. The book can be used for a self study and as an invaluable research reference on the present topic
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introductory Chapter
2. Extensions of the First Borel
Cantelli Lemma
3. Variants of the Second Borel
Cantelli Lemma
4. A Strengthened Form of the Second Borel
Cantelli Lemma
5. Conditional Borel
Cantelli Lemmas
6. Miscellaneous Results
ISBN:9788132206774
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642312144:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analytically Tractable Stochastic Stock Price Models [electronic resource]
Author(s): Archil Gulisashvili
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Asymptotic analysis of stochastic stock price models is the central topic of the present volume. Special examples of such models are stochastic volatility models, that have been developed as an answer to certain imperfections in acelebrated Black-Sch oles model of option pricing. In a stock price model with stochastic volatility, the random behavior of the volatility is described by a stochastic process. For instance, in the Hull-White model the volatilityprocess is a geometric Brownian motion, the St ein-Stein model uses an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process as the stochastic volatility, and in the Heston model a Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process governs the behavior of the volatility. One of theauthor's main goals is to provide sharp asymptotic formulas with error estimates for distribution densities of stock prices, option pricing functions, and implied volatilities in various stochastic volatility models. The author alsoestablishes sharp asymptotic formulas for the implied volatility at extreme strikes in general stochastic stock price models. The present volume is addressed to researchers and graduate students working in the area of financialmathematics, analysis, or probability theory. The reader is expected to be familiar with elements of classical analysis, s tochastic analysis and probability theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Aknowledgements
1.Volatility Processes
2.Stock Price Models with Stochastic Volatility
3.Realized Volatility and Mixing Distributions
4.Integral Transforms of Distribution Densities
5.Asymptotic Analysis of Mixing Distributions
6.Asymptotic Analysis of Stock Price Distributions
7.Regularly Varying Functions and Pareto Type Distributions
8.Asymptotic Analysis of Option Pricing Functions
9.Asymptotic Analysis of Implied Volatility
10.More Formulas for Implied Volatility
11.Implied Volatility in Models Without Moment Explosions
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783642312144
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Finance, 1616-0533
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Finance , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642308055:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Non-Abelian Discrete Symmetries for Particle Physicists [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hajime Ishimori
Tatsuo Kobayashi
Hiroshi Ohki
Hiroshi Okada
Yusuke Shimizu
Morimitsu Tanimoto
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:These lecture notes provide a tutorial review of non-Abelian discrete groups and show some applications to issues in physics where discrete symmetries constitute an important principle for model building in particle physics.While Abelian discrete sym metries are often imposed in order to control couplings for particle physics - in particular model building beyond the standard model - non-Abelian discrete symmetries have been applied to understand thethree-generation flavor structure in particular. Ind eed, non-Abelian discrete symmetries are considered to be the most attractive choice for the flavor sector: model builders have tried to derive experimental values of quark andlepton masses, and mixing angles by assuming non-Abelian discrete flavor symmet ries of quarks and leptons, yet, lepton mixing has already been intensively discussed in this context, as well. The possible origins of the non-Abeliandiscrete symmetry for flavors is another topic of interest, as they can arise from an underlying theory - e.g. the string theory or compactification via orbifolding thereby providing a possible bridge between the underlying theoryand the corresponding low-energy sector of particle physics. This text explicitly introduces and studies the group-theoretical a spects of many concrete groups and shows how to derive conjugacy classes, characters, representations,and tensor products for these groups (with a finite number) when algebraic relations are given, thereby enabling readers to apply this to other groups of interest
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Basics of Finite Groups
Subgroups and Decompositions of Multiplets
Anomalies
Non
Abelian Discrete Symmetry in Quark/Lepton Flavor Models
Useful Theorems
Representations of S4 in Different Bases
Representations of A4 in Different Bases
Representations of A5 in Different Bases
Representations of T1 in Different Bases
Other Smaller Groups
References
ISBN:9783642308055
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v858
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Group theory , Mathematical physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642288210:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Essays in Mathematics and its Applications [electronic resource] : In Honor of Stephen Smales 80th Birthday
Author(s): Panos M Pardalos
Themistocles M Rassias
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The volume is dedicated to Stephen Smale on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Besides his startling 1960 result of the proof of the Poincar conjecture for all dimensions greater than or equal to five, Smales ground breakingcontributions invarious fi elds in Mathematics have marked the second part of the 20th century and beyond. Stephen Smale has done pioneering work in differential topology, global analysis, dynamical systems, nonlinear functionalanalysis, numerical analysis, theory of computation an d machine learning as well as applications in the physical and biological sciences and economics. In sum, Stephen Smale has manifestly broken the barriers among the different fieldsof mathematics and dispelled some remaining prejudices. He is indeed a uni versal mathematician. Smale has been honored with several prizes and honorary degrees including, among others, the Fields Medal(1966), The Veblen Prize (1966),the National Medal of Science (1996) and theWolf Prize (2006/2007)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Transitivity and Topological Mixing for C1 Diffeomorphisms
Recent Results on the Size of Critical Sets
The FoxLi operator as a Test and a Spur for WienerHopf Theory
Kahler Metrics with Cone Singularities along a Divisor
The Space of Framed functions is Contractible
Quantum Gravity via Manifold Positivity
Parabolic Explosions in Families of Complex Polynomials
Super Stable Kahlerian Horseshoe?
A Smooth Multivariate Interpolation Algorithm
Bifurcations of Solutions of the 2
Dimensional Navier
Stokes System
Arnold Diffusion by Variational Methods
Turnin
ISBN:9783642288210
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642227899:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Optics and Solid-State Lasers [electronic resource] : Advanced Concepts, Tuning-Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): Jianquan Yao
Yuyue Wang
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book covers the complete spectrum of nonlinear optics and all solid state lasers.The book integrates theory, calculations and practical design, technology, experimental schemes and applications. With the expansion and furtherdevelopment of Laser technology, the wavelength spectrum of Lasers had to be enlarged, even to be tunable which requires the use of nonlinear optical and Laser tunable technology. It systematically summarizes and integrates theanalysis of international achievements within th e last 20 years in this field. It will be helpful for university teachers, graduate students as well as engineers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Theoretic Analysis and Calculation of Three
wave Interaction in Nonlinear Optical Crystals
Nonlinear Optics Mixing Theory
Theory and Technology of Frequency
doubling Lasers and Frequency Mixing
Optical Parametric Oscillators (OPO)
Quasi
phase Matching Technology (QPM)
Principle, Device and Technology of DPL
RGB
DPL and High Power DPL
Solid Tunable Laser Technology
Tunable Titanium Doped Sapphire Laser
Other Laser Tunable Technologies
ISBN:9783642227899
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v164
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642222306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Protein Folding and Misfolding [electronic resource] : Shining Light by Infrared Spectroscopy
Author(s): Heinz Fabian
Dieter Naumann
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Infrared spectroscopy is a new and innovative technology to study protein folding/misfolding events in the broad arsenal of techniques conventionally used in this field. The progress in understanding protein folding and misfoldingis primarily due to the development of biophysical methods which permit to probe conformational changes with high kinetic and structural resolution. The most commonly used approaches rely on rapid mixing methods to initiate the foldingevent via a sudden change in solvent con ditions. Traditionally, techniques such as fluorescence, circular dichroism or visible absorption are applied to probe the process. In contrast to these techniques, infrared spectroscopy cameinto play only very recently, and the progress made in this fiel d up to date which now permits to probe folding events over the time scale from picoseconds to minutes has not yet been discussed in a book. The aim of this book is toprovide an overview of the developments as seen by some of the main contributors to the field. The chapters are not intended to give exhaustive reviews of the literature but, instead to illustrate examples demonstrating the sort ofinformation, which infrared techniques can provide and how this information can be extracted from the experiment al data. By discussing the strengths and limitations of the infrared approaches for the investigation of folding andmisfolding mechanisms this book helps the reader to evaluate whether a particular system is appropriate for studies by infrared spectroscop y and which specific advantages the techniques offer to solve specific problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Reconstruction of the Amide I contour in the IR spectra of proteins: From structure to spectrum R.Mendelsohn (USA)
Millisecond
to
minute time
resolved protein folding/misfolding events monitored by FTIR spectroscopy H. Fabian & D. Naumann (Germany)
Sub
millisecond events in proteins probed by continuous
flow FTIR experiments S. Takahashi (Japan)
Protein folding/misfolding at high pressure probed by FTIR spectroscopy R. Winter (Germany)
Site
specific relaxation kinetics of peptides using temperature
jump IR spectroscopy and isotopic labelling A. Barth (Sweden), K.Hauser (Germany)
ISBN:9783642222306
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biochemistry , Biomaterials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441980748:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tracer Technology [electronic resource] : Modeling the Flow of Fluids
Author(s): Octave Levenspiel
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:A vessels behavior as a heat exchanger, absorber, reactor, or other process unit is dependent upon how fluid flows through the vessel. In early engineering, the designer would assume either plug flow or mixed flow of thefluid through the vessel. Howe ver, these assumptions were oftentimes inaccurate, sometimes being off by a volume factor of 100 or more. The result of this unreliable figure produced ineffective products in multiple reactionsystems. Written by a pioneering researcher in the field of c hemical engineering, the tracer method was introduced to provide more accurate flow data. First, the tracer method measured the actual flow of fluid through a vessel.Second, it developed a suitable model to represent the flow in question. Such models are used to follow the flow of fluid in chemical reactors and other process units, like in rivers and streams, or solid and porous structures. Inmedicine, the tracer method is used to study the flow of chemicalsharmful and harmlessin the bloodstreams of human s and animals. Tracer Technology Modeling the Flow of Fluids discusses how tracers are used to follow theflow of fluids, and how a variety of models are developed to represent these flows. Octave Levenspiel is Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering at Oregon State University. His primary interest is chemical reaction engineering,focusing largely on applying chemical reaction kinetics and physics to the design of chemical reactors. His work has been recognized with awards that include the R.H. Wilhe lm award (AIChE), the W.K. Lewis award (AIChE), and the P.V.Danckwerts award (IChemE). His previous books, including Chemical Reaction Engineering, The Chemical Reactor Omnibook, and Engineering Flow and Heat Exchange, are widely used in industry and teac hing, and have been translated into 12foreign languages
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Tracer Method
The Mean and Variance of a Tracer Curve
The E and the F Curves
Two Ideal Flow Models
Plug Flow and Mixed Flow
Compartment Models
The Dispersion Model
Intermixing Between Flowing Fluids
The Tanks
in
Series Model
Convection Model for Laminar Flow in Pipes
Batch Systems
The Stirred Tank
Mixing Time and Power Requirement
Meandering Flow and Lateral Dispersion
ISBN:9781441980748
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications, 0926-5112 : v96
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Chemical engineering , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400712294:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Swift Heavy Ions for Materials Engineering and Nanostructuring [electronic resource]
Author(s): D. K Avasthi
G. K Mehta
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Ion beams have been used for decades for characterizing and analyzing materials. Now energetic ion beams are providing ways to modify the materials in unprecedented ways. This book highlights the emergence of high-energy swiftheavy ions as a tool for tailoring the properties of materials with nanoscale structures. Swift heavy ions interact with materials by exciting/ionizing electrons without directly moving the atoms. This opens a new horizon towards the'so-called' soft engineering. The book discuss es the ion beam technology emerging from the non-equilibrium conditions and emphasizes the power of controlled irradiation to tailor the properties of various types of materials forspecific needs
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:CH
1: Ion Beams for Materials Engineering an Overview
CH
2: Ion Matter Interaction
CH
3: Ion Beam Analysis
CH
4: Engineering of Materials by Swift Heavy Ion Beam Mixing
CH
5: SHI for Synthesis and Modifications of Nanostructured Materials
CH
6: Engineering the Properties of Materials with SHI
References
ISBN:9789400712294
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v145
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642191152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coherent Control of Four-Wave Mixing [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yanpeng Zhang
Zhiqiang Nie
Min Xiao
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642191152
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642179464:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Multi-Level Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Octavian Iordache
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is devoted to modeling of multi-level complex systems, a challenging domain for engineers, researchers and entrepreneurs, confronted with the transition from learning and adaptability to evolvability and autonomy fortechnologies, devices an d problem solving methods. Chapter 1 introduces the multi-scale and multi-level systems and highlights their presence in different domains of science and technology. Methodologies as, random systems,non-Archimedean analysis, category theory and specific t echniques as model categorification and integrative closure, are presented in chapter 2. Chapters 3 and 4 describe polystochastic models, PSM, and their developments. Categoricalformulation of integrative closure offers the general PSM framework which ser ves as a flexible guideline for a large variety of multi-level modeling problems. Focusing on chemical engineering, pharmaceutical and environmental casestudies, the chapters 5 to 8 analyze mixing, turbulent dispersion and entropy production for multi-sca le systems. Taking inspiration from systems sciences, chapters 9 to 11 highlight multi-level modeling potentialities in formalconcept analysis, existential graphs and evolvable designs of experiments. Case studies refer to separation flow-sheets, pharmace utical pipeline, drug design and development, reliability management systems, security and failureanalysis. Perspectives and integrative points of view are discussed in chapter 12. Autonomous and viable systems, multi-agents, organic and autonomic computi ng, multi-level informational systems, are revealed as promising domains forfuture applications. Written for: engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and students in chemical, pharmaceutical, environmental and systems sciences engineering, and for applied m athematicians
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Methodological Resources
Conventional PSM frames
New PSM frames
Mixing in chemical reactors
Compartmental systems
Turbulent mixing
Entropy
Formal concept analysis
Existential graphs
Evolvable designs of experiments
Autonomous systems perspective
ISBN:9783642179464
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 : v70
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642175602:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutrinos in Particle Physics, Astronomy and Cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Zhi-Zhong Xing
Shun Zhou
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Neutrinos in Particle Physics, Astronomy and Cosmology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to neutrino physics, neutrino astronomy and neutrino cosmology. The intrinsic properties and fundamental interactionsof neutrinos are describe d, as is the phenomenology of lepton flavor mixing, seesaw mechanisms and neutrino oscillations. The cosmic neutrino background, stellar neutrinos, supernova neutrinos and ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos,together with the cosmological matter-antimatter asymmetry and other roles of massive neutrinos in cosmology, are discussed in detail. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of particle physics,particle astrophysics and cosmology. Dr. Zhizhong Xing is a professor at th e Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Dr. Shun Zhou is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the Max Planck Institute forPhysics, Germany
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Neutrinos: Past, Present and Future
Neutrinos within the Standard Model
Neutrinos beyond the Standard Model
Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations
Neutrinos from Stars
Neutrinos from Supernovae
Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Neutrinos
Neutrinos and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
Neutrinos and Cosmological Perburbations
Neutrinos and Matter
Antimatter Asymmetry
Other Topics of Neutrino Astrophysics
ISBN:9783642175602
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China, 1995-6819 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642052613:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability Inequalities [electronic resource]
Author(s): Zhengyan Lin
Zhidong Bai
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Inequality has become an essential tool in many areas of mathematical research, for example in probability and statistics where it is frequently used in the proofs. Probability Inequalities covers inequalities related withevents, distribution functio ns, characteristic functions, moments and random variables (elements) and their sum. The book shall serve as a useful tool and reference for scientists in the areas of probability and statistics, and appliedmathematics. Prof. Zhengyan Lin is a fellow of t he Institute of Mathematical Statistics and currently a professor at Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. He is the prize winner of National Natural Science Award of China in 1997. Prof.Zhidong Bai is a fellow of TWAS and the Institute of Mathematical St atistics he is a professor at the National University of Singapore and Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Elementary Inequalities of Probabilities of Events
Inequalities Related to Commonly Used Distributions
Inequalities Related to Characteristic Functions
Estimates of the Difference of Two Distribution Functions
Probability Inequalities of Random Variables
Bounds of Probabilities in Terms of Moments
Exponential Type Estimates of Probabilities
Moment Inequalities Related to One or Two Variables
Moment Estimates of (Maximum of) Sums of Random Variables
Inequalities Related to Mixing Sequences
Inequalities Related to Associative Variables
Inequalities about Stochast
ISBN:9783642052613
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441995544:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alberto Bressan
Gui-Qiang G Chen
Marta Lewicka
Dehua Wang
Date:2011
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume contains the proceedings of the Summer Program on Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Applications held at the IMA on July 130-31, 2009. Hyperbolic conservation laws is a classical subject, which has experienced vigorousgrowth in recent years . The present collection provides a timely survey of the state of the art in this exciting field, and a comprehensive outlook on open problems. Contributions of more theoretical nature cover the followingtopics: global existence and uniqueness theory of one-dimensional systems, multidimensional conservation laws in several space variables and approximations of their solutions, mathematical analysis of fluid motion, stability anddynamics of viscous shock waves, singular limits for viscous systems, basic p rinciples in the modeling of turbulent mixing, transonic flows past an obstacle and a fluid dynamic approach for isometric embedding in geometry, models ofnonlinear elasticity, the Monge problem, and transport equations with rough coefficients. In additi on, there are a number of papers devoted to applications. These include: models of blood flow, self-gravitating compressible fluids,granular flow, charge transport in fluids, and the modeling and control of traffic flow on networks
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Open questions in the theory of one dimensional hyperbolic conservation laws
Multidimensional conservation laws: Overview, problems, and perspective
Mathematical analysis of fluids in motion
Selected topics in approximate solutions of nonlinear conservation laws
High
resolution central schemes
Stability and dynamics of viscous shock waves
Mathematical aspects of a model for granular flow
The flow associated to weakly differentiable vector fields: recent results and open problems
Existence and uniqueness results for the continuity equation and appl
ISBN:9781441995544
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, 0940-6573 : v153
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441983398:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Selected Works of Murray Rosenblatt [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard A Davis
Keh-Shin Lii
Dimitris N Politis
Date:2011
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:During the second half of the 20th century, Murray Rosenblatt was one of the most celebrated and leading figures in probability and statistics. Among his many contributions, Rosenblatt conducted seminal work on densityestimation, central limit theore ms under strong mixing conditions, spectral domain methodology, long memory processes and Markov processes. He has published over 130 papers and 5 books, many as relevant today as when they firstappeared decades ago. Murray Rosenblatt was one of the found ing members of the Department of Mathematics at the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) and served as advisor to over twenty PhD students. He maintains a closeassociation with UCSD in his role as Professor Emeritus. This volume is a celebration o f Murray Rosenblatt's stellar research career that spans over six decades, and includes some of his most interesting and influential papers. Severalleading experts provide commentary and reflections on various directions of Murray's research portfolio
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Commentary: Discussion of Rosenblatts work on Global Measures of Deviations for Density Estimates
Commentary: Murray Rosenblatts contributions to strong mixing
Commentary: Murray Rosenblatt and cumulant/higher
order/polyspectra
Commentary: Rosenblatts Contribution to Deconvolution
Commentary: Rosenblatts Contributions to Random Walks on Compact Semigroups
Commentary: The Rosenblatt Process
On spectral analysis of stationary time series
Remarks on a multivariate transformation
Statistical spectral analysis of time series arising from stationary stochastic pro
ISBN:9781441983398
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Selected Works in Probability and Statistics
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441979490:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Search for Muon Neutrino to Electron Neutrino Oscillations in the MINOS Experiment [electronic resource]
Author(s): Juan Pedro Ochoa-Ricoux
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:A Search for Muon Neutrino to Electron Neutrino Oscillations in the MINOS Experiment is a tour de force that summarizes, clearly and in some depth, much of Ochoas vast body of work which has had a major impact on MINOS. Thecenterpiece of the thesis i s the search for muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillations, which would indicate a non-zero mixing angle between the first and third neutrino generations (13), currently the holy grail ofneutrino physics. The optimal extraction of the electron neutr ino oscillation signal is based on the novel library event matching (LEM) method which Ochoa developed and implemented together with colleagues at Caltech and atCambridge, which improves MINOS reach for establishing an oscillation signal over any other me thod. LEM will now be the basis for MINOS final results, and will likely keep MINOS at the forefront of this field until it completesits data taking in 2011. Ochoa and his colleagues also developed the successful plan to run MINOS with a beam tuned for an tineutrinos, to make a sensitive test of CPT symmetry by comparing the inter-generational mass splitting forneutrinos and antineutrinos. Ochoas in-depth, creative approach to the solution of a variety of complex experimental problems is an outstanding exa mple for graduate students and longtime practitioners of experimental physics alike.Some of the most exciting results in this field to emerge in the near future may find their foundations in this thesis, for which Ochoa was awarded the National Prize for Youth of Mexico in 2009. This Doctoral Thesis has been acceptedby California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Neutrino Physics
The MINOS Experiment
Measuring q13 in MINOS
A Novel Approach for Selecting ne CC Events
Measuring the Backgrounds in the Near Detector
Predicting the Far Detector Rates
Systematic Errors and q13 Sensitivity
Far Detector Data Analysis and ne Appearance Results
Pushing the Neutrino Frontier
Appendices
ISBN:9781441979490
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857290212:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ergodic Theory [electronic resource] : with a view towards Number Theory
Author(s): Manfred Einsiedler
Thomas Ward
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This text is a rigorous introduction to ergodic theory, developing the machinery of conditional measures and expectations, mixing, and recurrence. Beginning by developing the basics of ergodic theory and progressing to describesome recent application s to number theory, this book goes beyond the standard texts in this topic. Applications include Weyl's polynomial equidistribution theorem, the ergodic proof of Szemeredi's theorem, the connection between thecontinued fraction map and the modular surface , and a proof of the equidistribution of horocycle orbits. Ergodic Theory with a view towards Number Theory will appeal to mathematicians with some standard background in measure theory andfunctional analysis. No background in ergodic theory or Lie theory is assumed, and a number of exercises and hints to problems are included, making this the perfect companion for graduate students and researchers in ergodic theory,homogenous dynamics or number theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Motivation
Ergodicity, Recurrence and Mixing
Continued Fractions
Invariant Measures for Continuous Maps
Conditional Measures and Algebras
Factors and Joinings
Furstenbergs Proof of Szemeredis Theorem
Actions of Locally Compact Groups
Geodesic Flow on Quotients of the Hyperbolic Plane
Nilrotation
More Dynamics on Quotients of the Hyperbolic Plane
Appendix A: Measure Theory
Appendix B: Functional Analysis
Appendix C: Topological Groups
ISBN:9780857290212
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Mathematics, 0072-5285 : v259
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Number theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048187850:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Natural Deduction, Hybrid Systems and Modal Logics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrzej Indrzejczak
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume provides an extensive treatment of Natural Deduction and related types of proof systems, with a focus on the practical aspects of proof methods. The book has two main aims: Its first aim is to provide a systematic andhistorical survey of the variety of Natural Deduction systems in Classical and Modal Logics. The second aim is to present some systems of hybrid character, mixing Natural Deduction with other kinds of proof methods (including Sequentsystems, Tableaux, Resolution). Such system s tend to be more universal and effective, because of the possibility of mixing strategies of proof search from different areas. All necessary background material is provided, in particular, adetailed presentation of Modal Logics, including First-Order Mo dal and Hybrid Modal Logics. The deduction systems presented in the book may be of interest to working logicians, researchers on automated deduction and teachers of logic
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
1. Technical preliminaries
2. Standard Natural Deduction for Classical and Free Logic
3. Other Deductive Systems
4. Extended Natural Deduction
5. Background on Modal Logics
6. Survey of Natural Deduction and related formalizations for Modal Logics
7. Nonstandard Formalizations of Modal Logics
8. Labelled Natural Deduction
9. Case study of Logics with linear accessibility relation
10. Hybrid Logics
Concluding remarks
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9789048187850
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Trends in Logic : v30
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Logic , Computer science , Artificial intelligence , Algorithms , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642140433:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to the Physics of Massive and Mixed Neutrinos [electronic resource]
Author(s): Samoil Bilenky
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The discovery of neutrino oscillations opened a new era in neutrino physics: an era of investigation of neutrino masses, mixing, magnetic moments and other neutrino properties. On the other hand small neutrino masses cannot beexplained by the standar d Higgs mechanism of mass generation. Thus, small neutrino masses are the first signature in particle physics of a new beyond the Standard Model physics. One of the most important challenges ahead is the problemof the very nature of neutrinos with definit e masses: are they Dirac neutrinos possessing a conserved lepton number which distinguish neutrinos and antineutrinos or Majorana neutrinos with identical neutrinos and antineutrinos? Manyexperiments of the next generation and new neutrino facilities are now under preparation and investigation. This book is intended as an gentle but detailed introduction to the physics of massive and mixed neutrinos that will preparegraduate students and young researchers entering the field for the exciting years of neutr ino physics to come. It is based on numerous lectures given by the author, one of the pioneers of modern neutrino physics (recipient of the BrunoPontecorvo Prize 2002), at different institutions and schools
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Weak Interaction Before the Standard Model
The Standard Model of the Electroweak Interaction
Neutrino Mass Terms
Neutrino Mixing Matrix
Neutrino Oscillations in Vacuum
Neutrino in Matter
Neutrinoless Double Beta
Decay
On absolute Values of Neutrino Masses
Neutrino Oscillation Experiments
Neutrino and Cosmology
Conclusion and Prospects
ISBN:9783642140433
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v817
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642051692:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electroweak Physics at LEP and LHC [electronic resource]
Author(s): Arno Straessner
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:During more than 10 years, the LEP accelerator and the LEP experiments have taken data for a large amount of measurements at the frontier of particle physics. The main outcome is a thorough and successful test of the StandardModel of electroweak inte ractions. The first part of this volume gives a short theoretical introduction and describes the most important physics results obtained at LEP. Emphasis is put on the properties of the electroweak gaugebosons, which was the main research field at LEP. De tails on interesting other physics effects like Colour Reconnection and Bose-Einstein Correlations are discussed as well. A summary of the current electroweak measurements as thepillars of precision tests of theoretical models is given. The analysis of el ectroweak data concludes the status of electroweak physics as known today. It allows a determination of unmeasured physics parameters of the Standard Model,like the mass of the Higgs boson, but constrains also physics beyond the Standard Model. The second part of this volume introduces the expected electroweak measurements as well as Higgs boson searches at the newly built LHC. After adescription of the LHC collider and its experiments, the projected performance for an improved determination of electrowea k observables is presented. The masses of the W boson and of the top quark as well as the weak mixing angle arebeing focused on. One of the main goals of the LHC experiments is however the finding of the Standard Model Higgs boson or of new physics. The s earch for the Higgs boson and the future determination of its properties, like mass, spinand behaviour under CP transformation, are therefore summarized, pointing out interesting relations with the LEP results. If the LHC experiments meet the expectations presented here they will definitely shed light on one of the primaryquestions of todays particle physics research: the origin of electroweak symmetry breaking and of the masses of the fundamental pa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Theoretical Framework
The LEP Experiments
Gauge Boson Production at LEP
Electroweak Measurements and Model Analysis of Electroweak Data
The ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC
Expectations for Electroweak Measurements at the LHC
Higgs Physics at the LHC
Summary and Conclusion
ISBN:9783642051692
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v235
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441906885:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Femtosecond Laser Filamentation [electronic resource]
Author(s): See Leang Chin
Date:2010
Edition:1st
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Femtosecond Laser Filamentation gives a comprehensive review of the physics of propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses in optical media (principally air) and the applications and challenges of this new technique. Thisbook presents the modern understanding of the physics of femtosecond laser pulse propagation, including unusual new effects such as the self-transformation of the pulse into a white light laser pulse, intensity clamping, the physics ofmultiple filamentation and competition, and h ow filaments ability to melt glass leads to wave guide writing. The potential applications of laser filamentation in atmospheric sensing and the generation of other electromagnetic pulsesfrom the UV to the radio frequency are treated, together with possib le future challenges in the excitation of super-excited states of molecules. Exciting new phenomena such as filament induced ultrafast birefringence and the excitationof molecular rotational wave packets and their multiple revivals in air (gases) will als o be discussed. This volume provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of these topics currently available. It will be of greatinterest to scientists and researchers using intense femtosecond laser pulses as well as to graduate students and researchers who wish to learn more about the field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Acknowledgement
Preface
Introduction
Filamentation Physics
Theory of Single Filamentation
Multiple Filamentation
Filamentation Nonlinear Optics: General
Filamentation Nonlinear Optics: Third Harmonic Generation and Four
Wave
Mixing Inside a Filament
Remote Sensing Using Filamentation
Challenges Ahead
ISBN:9781441906885
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v55
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048130627:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Explosives Detection Using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jacques Fraissard
Olga Lapina
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) a highly promising new technique for bulk explosives detection: relatively inexpensive, more compact than NMR, but with considerable selectivity. Since the NQR frequency is insensitive tolong-range variations in com position, mixing explosives with other materials, such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives, makes no difference. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive, and is independentof its distribution within the volume monitored. NQR spots explosive types in configurations missed by the X-ray imaging method. But if NQR is so good, why it is not used everywhere? Its main limitation is the low signal-to-noiseratio, particularly with the radio-frequency interference that exists in a field environment, NQR polarization being much weaker than that from an external magnetic field. The distinctive signatures are there, but are difficult toextract from the noise. In addition, the high selectivity is partly a disadvantage, as it is hard t o build a multichannel system necessary to cover a wide range of target substances. Moreover, substances fully screened by metallicenclosures, etc. are difficult to detect. A workshop was held at St Petersburg in July 2008 in an attempt to solve these pro blems and make NQR the universal technique for the detection of bombs regardless of type. This book presentsthe essentials of the papers given there
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Contents:Preface
Fundamentals of Pulsed Nitrogen
14 Quadrupole Resonance
14N NQR Detection of Explosives with Hybrid Sensors
Polarization Enhanced NQR Detection at Low Frequencies
Efficient Excitation and Ringing Suppression in Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance
Detection of Concealed Liquid Explosives and Illicit Drugs in Unopened Bottles
Prospectives and Limitations of NQR Signal Enhancement by Polarisation Transfer
Modeling of QR Sensors for Optimized Explosives Detection
Detection of Explosives by NQR Method: Main Aspects for Transport Security
Double Resonance Detection of (Ma
ISBN:9789048130627
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Materials , Spectroscopy , Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048123131:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical and Statistical Estimation Approaches in Epidemiology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gerardo Chowell
James M Hyman
Lus M. A Bettencourt
Carlos Castillo-Chavez
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is intended as a primary resource for graduate students and researchers working in the field of infectious disease epidemiology. This collection of contributions presents deterministic and stochastic approaches forepidemic modelling and sta tistical inference of epidemiological parameters including the real time assessment of the transmission potential of infectious diseases, issues related to the sensitivity of model assumptions, the use ofhistorical archives as valuable sources of epidemio logical information, modeling of vaccination programs and relapse, statistical challenges in bio surveillance, approaches for the spatial and temporal analysis of disease time series,quantification of parameter uncertainty and methodologies for sensitivit y analysis. Methods and tools are illustrated with simulated and real datasets such as the 1918 influenza pandemic in Winnipeg, Canada, the 1968 influenza pandemicin US cities, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), the 2005 Marburg fever outbreak in A ngola, rubella epidemics in Peru, rotavirus in Mexico and pneumococcal disease in Australia
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: The basic reproduction number of infectious diseases: Computation and estimation using compartmental epidemic models Gerardo Chowell and Fred Brauer
Chapter 2: Stochastic Epidemic Modeling Priscilla E. Greenwood and Luis F. Gordillo
Chapter 3: Two critical issues in quantitative modeling of communicable diseases: Inference of unobservables and dependent happening Hiroshi Nishiura, Masayuki Kakehashi and Hisashi Inaba
Chapter 4: A note on the definition of contacts, measures of mixing, and model parametrization Stephen Tennenbaum
Chapter 5: The effective reproduction numb
ISBN:9789048123131
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Medicine , Emerging infectious diseases , Epidemiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642030857:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Turbulence XII [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 12th EUROMECH European Turbulence Conference, September 7-10, 2009, Marburg, Germany
Author(s): Bruno Eckhardt
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This volume comprises the communications presented at the EUROMECH European Turbulence Conference ETC12, held in Marburg in September 2009. The topics covered by the meeting include: Acoustics of turbulent flows Atmosphericturbulence Control of turbu lent flows Geophysical and astrophysical turbulence Instability and transition Intermittency and scaling Large eddy simulation and related techniques Lagrangian aspects MHD turbulence Reacting andcompressible turbulence Transport and mixing Turbulence in multiphase and non-Newtonian flows Vortex dynamics and structure formation Wall bounded flows
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Acoustics of turbulent flows
Atmospheric turbulence
Control of turbulent flows
Geophysical and astrophysical turbulence
Instability and transition
Intermittency and scaling
Large eddy simulation and related techniques
Lagrangian aspects
MHD turbulence
Reacting and compressible turbulence
Transport and mixing
Turbulence in multiphase and non
Newtonian flows
Vortex dynamics and structure formation
Wall bounded flows
ISBN:9783642030857
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v132
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540927921:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Flavor Physics and the TeV Scale [electronic resource]
Author(s): George W. S Hou
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This monograph treats the effectiveness of useing flavor physics in offering probes of the TeV scale, while providing a timely interface during the emerging LHC era. By concentrating only with the TeV-scale connection, a largepart of the B factory ou tput can be bypassed, and emphasis is placed on loop-induced processes, i.e. virtual, quantum processes that probe TeV-scale physics. The experimental perspective is taken, resulting in selecting processes,rather than the theories or models, as the basis to exploration. Two-thirds of the book is therefore concerned with b -> s or bs <-> sb transitions. The guiding principle is: unless it can be identified as the smoking gun, it is betterto stick to the simplest, rather than elaborate, explanation of an ef fect that may call for New Physics. By focusing on heavy flavor as a probe of TeV-scale physics, technicalities can be employed to unveil their beauty, withoutgetting ensnared in them, while aiming for the deeper, higher-scale physics that such probes pro vide. This tract originated from a plenary talk at the SUSY 2007 conference in Karlsruhe, Germany
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
CP Violation in Charmless b
>sqq Transitions
B8 Mixing and sin 2piB8
H+ Probes
Electroweak Penguin: bsZ Vertex, Z', Dark Matter
Right
handed Currents and Scalar Interactions
Bottomonium Decay and new Physics
D and K Systems: Box and Electroweak Penguin Redux
Lepton Number Violating mh and tau Decay
Discussion and Conclusion
A CP Violation Primer
ISBN:9783540927921
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v233
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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