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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD NATURAL GAS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/23615.275 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword natural gas ( in books using www
Call number:TP243.N213 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Liquefied natural gas technology : Selected bibliography
Author(s):
Date:1973
Publisher:U. S. Dept. of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colo
Size:49
Keywords: Liquefied natural gas Bibliography
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Location: MAIN
Report-number:COM-74-10324

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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400772410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th UCLA Symposium on Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe, February 22-24,2012, Marina del Rey, Califor nia / edited by David Cline
Author(s): David Cline
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These proceedings provide the latest results on dark matter and dark energy research. The UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy hosted its tenth Dark Matter and Dark Energy conference in Marina del Rey and brought together allthe leaders in the fi eld. The symposium provided a scientific forum for the latest discussions in the field. Topics covered at the symposium: Status of measurements of the equation of state of dark energy and new experiments The search for missing energy events at the LHC and implications for dark matter search Theoretical calculations on all forms of dark matter (SUSY, axions, sterile neutrinos, etc.) Status of the indirect search for dark matterStatus of the direct search for dark matter in detectors around the world The lo w-mass wimp search region The next generation of very large dark matter detectors New underground laboratories for dark matter search
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Talks from DM 2012
List of Attendees at DM 2012
Brief Overview
Theoretical Precision: Cosmology and Dark Matter
Radiative natural supersymmetry with mixed axion/higgsino cold dark matter
Finite Temperature density profile in SFD
An argument for axion dark matter
Supersymmetric Dark Matter at XENON100 and the LHC: No
Scale F
SU(5) Stringy Correlations
Approaches on self
gravitating Bose
Einstein condensates
Search for Turbulent Gas through Interstellar Scintillation
Search for Dark Matter LHC, CMB, Fermi LAT
The missing energy events at the LHC and imp
ISBN:9789400772410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v148
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461451556:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Turbulence and Self-Organization [electronic resource] : Modeling Astrophysical Objects
Author(s): Mikhail Ya Marov
Aleksander V Kolesnichenko
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book focuses on the development of continuum models of natural turbulent media. It providesa theoretical approach tothesolutions ofdifferent problems related to the formation, structure and evolution of astrophysicaland geophysical objects. A st ochastic modeling approach is used in the mathematical treatment of these problems, which reflects self-organization processes in open dissipative systems. The authors also consider examples of ordering forvarious objects in space throughout their evoluti onary processes. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers in the fields of mechanics, astrophysics, geophysics, planetary and space science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Turbulent Chaos and Self
organization in Space and Natural Environments
Basics of Mathematical Modeling of Reactive Gas Mixtures
Closed System of Hydrodynamic Equations for the Description of Turbulent Motion of Multicomponent Media
Differential Models of Closure of the Averaged Hydrodynamic Equations for the Turbulent Chemically
active Continuous Medium
Stochastic
thermodynamic Modeling of the Developed Structural Turbulence
Self
organization of the Developed Turbulence and Mechanisms of Coherent Structure Formation
Basics of Heterogeneous Mechanics with Applications to Accret
ISBN:9781461451556
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Differentiable dynamical systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781447147275:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pollution Under Environmental Regulation in Energy Markets [electronic resource]
Author(s): Francesco Gull
Date:2013
Publisher:London : Springer London : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Pollution Under Environmental Regulation in Energy Markets provides a study of environmental regulation when energy markets are imperfectly competitive. This theoretical treatment focuses on three relevant cases of energy markets.First, the residenti al space heating sector where hybrid regulation such as taxation and emissions trading together are possible. Second, the electricity market where transactions are organized in the form of multi-period auctions.Third, namely natural gas (input) and electr icity (output) markets where there is combined imperfect competition in vertical related energy markets. The development of free or low carbon technologies supported by energy policies,aiming at increasing security of supply, is also explored whilst cons idering competition policies that reduce market power in energy markets thus improving market efficiency. Pollution Under Environmental Regulation in Energy Marketsdiscusses the key issues of whether imperfect competition can lessen the ability of environ mental policy to reduce pollution and/or to minimize the cost of meeting environmental targets. Policymakers, analysts and researchers gain athorough understanding of the performance of environmental policy from Pollution Under Environmental Regulation i n Energy Markets leading to better design of simulation models of performance and costs of environmental regulation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1.Introduction and Summary
2. Pollution under Hybrid Environmental Regulation: the Case of Space Heating
3. Pollution under Environmental Regulation within Multi
period Auctions: the Case of Electricity Markets
4. Pollution under Imperfect Competition in Vertical Related Energy Markets
ISBN:9781447147275
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Energy, 2195-1284 : v6
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Engineering economy , Environmental economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642234064:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Networks in Power Systems II [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexey Sorokin
Steffen Rebennack
Panos M Pardalos
Niko A Iliadis
Mario V. F Pereira
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Energy has been an inevitable component of human lives for decades. Recent rapid developments in the area require analyzing energy systems not as independent components but rather as connected interdependent networks. TheHandbook of Networks in Power Systems includes the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in the power systems networks, in particular gas, electricity, liquid fuels, freight networks, as well as their interactions. The book isseparated into two volumes with three sections, wher e one scientific paper or more are included to cover most important areas of networks in power systems. The first volume covers topics arising in electricity network, in particularelectricity markets, smart grid, network expansion, as well as risk managem ent. The second volume presents problems arising in gas networks such as scheduling and planning of natural gas systems, pricing, as well as optimal locationof gas supply units. In addition, the second volume covers the topics of interactions between ener gy networks. Each subject is identified following the activity on the domain and the recognition of each subject as an area of research.The scientific papers are authored by world specialists on the domain and present either state-of-the-arts reviews or s cientific developments
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642234064
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Energy Systems, 1867-8998
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization , Electric engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642231933:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Networks in Power Systems I [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexey Sorokin
Steffen Rebennack
Panos M Pardalos
Niko A Iliadis
Mario V. F Pereira
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Energy has been an inevitable component of human lives for decades. Recent rapid developments in the area require analyzing energy systems not as independent components but rather as connected interdependent networks. TheHandbook of Networks in Power Systems includes the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in the power systems networks, in particular gas, electricity, liquid fuels, freight networks, as well as their interactions. The book isseparated into two volumes with three sections, wher e one scientific paper or more are included to cover most important areas of networks in power systems. The first volume covers topics arising in electricity network, in particularelectricity markets, smart grid, network expansion, as well as risk managem ent. The second volume presents problems arising in gas networks such as scheduling and planning of natural gas systems, pricing, as well as optimal locationof gas supply units. In addition, the second volume covers the topics of interactions between ener gy networks. Each subject is identified following the activity on the domain and the recognition of each subject as an area of research.The scientific papers are authored by world specialists on the domain and present either state-of-the-arts reviews or s cientific developments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I
Electricity
Network
ISBN:9783642231933
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Energy Systems, 1867-8998
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization , Electric engineering , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441975898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Aerogels Handbook [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michel A Aegerter
Nicholas Leventis
Matthias M Koebel
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries inGuinness World Record s. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systemsinvolving polymer-crosslinked aerogels an d interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantumdots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applicati ons for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production andstorage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recov ery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The AerogelsHandbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels , including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and theirpossible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspect s, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercialproducts, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field Appeals to a broad aud ience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academicresearch and industrial R&D Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels Describes military, aerospace, building indust
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441975898
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Sol-Gel Derived Materials and Technologies
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Polymers , Materials , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642120671:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Endre Bjrndal
Mette Bjrndal
Panos M Pardalos
Mikael Rnnqvist
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book consists of a collection of articles (survey and research) describing the area of energy, natural resources and environmental economics. The contents of the book is divided into four sections. The first part considerspetroleum and natural ga s applications, taking up topics ranging from the management of incomes and reserves to market modeling and value chain optimization. The second and most extensive part studies applications from electricitymarkets, including analyses of marked prices, ris k management, various optimization problems, electricity market design and regulation. The third part describes different applications in logistics and management of natural resources.Finally, the fourth part covers more general problems and methods arisi ng within the area. The volume contains many examples from Nordic countries where there is knowledge and experience in managing natural resources
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Petroleum and Natural Gas
Electricity Markets and Regulation
Natural Resources and Logistics
General Problems and Methods
ISBN:9783642120671
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Energy Systems, 1867-8998
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Economics , Engineering economy , Environmental economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540735281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Image Velocimetry [electronic resource] : New Developments and Recent Applications
Author(s): Andreas Schroeder
Christian E Willert
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is a non-intrusive optical measurement technique which allows capturing several thousand velocity vectors within large flow fields instantaneously. Today, the PIV technique has spread widely anddifferentiated into man y distinct applications, from micro flows over combustion to supersonic flows for both industrial needs and research. Over the past decade the measurement technique and the hard- and software have been improvedcontinuously so that PIV has become a reliabl e and accurate method for real life investigations. Nevertheless there is still an ongoing process of improvements and extensions of the PIV technique towards 3D, time resolution, higheraccuracy, measurements under harsh conditions and micro- and macrosca les. This book gives a synopsis of the main results achieved during the EC-funded network PivNet 2 as well as a survey of the state-of-the-art of scientific researchusing PIV techniques in different fields of application
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Assessment of DifferentSPIV Processing Methods foranApplication toNear
WallTurbulence
Joint Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Flow Around aCircularCylinder atHigh Reynolds Number
Natural Gas Burners for Domestic andIndustrialAppliances
PIV Application to Fluid Dynamics ofBassReflexPorts
Overview onPIV Application to Appliances
Selected Applications of Planar Imaging Velocimetry in Combustion Test Facilities
Recent Applications of Particle Image Velocimetry to Flow Research in Thermal Turbomachinery
Two
PhasePIV: Fuel
Spray Inter
ISBN:9783540735281
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v112
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Fluids , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540713432:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fluid Mechanics [electronic resource] : An Introduction to the Theory of Fluid Flows
Author(s): Franz Durst
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advancements of fluid flow measuring techniques and of computational methods have led to new ways to treat laminar and turbulent flows. These methods are extensively used these days in research and engineering practise. This alsorequires new ways to teach the subject to students at higher educational institutions in an introductory manner. The book provides the knowledge to students in engineering and natural science needed to enter fluid mechanicsapplications in various fields. Analytical treatments are provided, based on the Navier-Stokes equations. Introductions are also given into numerical and experimental methods applied to flows. The main benefit the reader will derivefrom the book is a sound introduction into all aspects of fluid mechanics co vering all relevant subfields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction, Importance and Development of Fluid Mechanics
Mathematical Basics
Physical Basics
Basics of Fluid Kinematics
Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics
Hydrostatics and Aerostatics
Similarity Theory
Integral Forms of the Basic Equations
Stream Tube Theory
Potential Flows
Wave Motions in Non
Viscous Fluids
to Gas Dynamics
Stationary, One
Dimensional Fluid Flows of Incompressible, Viscous Fluids
Time
Dependent, One
Dimensional Flows of Viscous Fluids
Fluid Flows of Small Reynolds Numbers
Flows of Large Reynolds Numbers Boundary
Layer Flows
Un
ISBN:9783540713432
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Engineering , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540687832:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometric Modelling, Numerical Simulation, and Optimization [electronic resource] : Applied Mathematics at SINTEF
Author(s): Geir Hasle
Knut-Andreas Lie
Ewald Quak
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This edited volume addresses the importance of mathematics for industry and society by presenting highlights from contract research at the Department of Applied Mathematics at SINTEF, the largest independent research organizationin Scandinavia. Examp les range from computer-aided geometric design, via general purpose computing on graphics cards, to reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery. The book also discusses local wind predictions to increaseaviation safety, sustainable long-term forest tre atment, and optimization of natural gas value chains. The contributions are written in a tutorial style to provide material for educational purposes, such as a course or seminar onindustrially relevant mathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geometrical Modelling
Numerical Simulation
Optimization
ISBN:9783540687832
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Mathematical optimization , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780817645601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Linear Partial Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Tyn Myint-U
Lokenath Debnath
Date:2007
Edition:Fourth Edition
Publisher:Boston, MA : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One of the most fundamental and active areas in mathematics, the theory of partial differential equations (PDEs) is essential in the modeling of natural phenomena. PDEs have a wide range of interesting and important applicationsin every branch of app lied mathematics, physics, and engineering, including fluid dynamics, elasticity, and optics. This significantly expanded fourth edition is designed as an introduction to the theory and applications of linearPDEs. The authors provide fundamental concepts, underlying principles, a wide range of applications, and various methods of solutions to PDEs. In addition to essential standard material on the subject, the book contains new materialthat is not usually covered in similar texts and reference books, incl uding conservation laws, the spherical wave equation, the cylindrical wave equation, higher-dimensional boundary-value problems, the finite element method,fractional partial differential equations, and nonlinear partial differential equations with applica tions. Key features include: * Applications to a wide variety of physical problems in numerous interdisciplinary areas * Over 900worked examples and exercises dealing with problems in fluid mechanics, gas dynamics, optics, plasma physics, elasticity, biol ogy, and chemistry * Historical comments on partial differential equations * Solutions and hints to selectedexercises * A comprehensive bibliographycomprised of many standard texts and reference books, as well as a set of selected classic and recent paper sfor readers interested in learning more about the modern treatment of the subjectLinear Partial Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers, Fourth Edition will primarily serve as a textbook for the first two courses in PDEs, or in a course on ad vanced engineering mathematics. The book may also be used as areference for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in modern applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface to the Fourth Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Introduction
First
Order, Quasi
Linear Equations and Method of Characteristics
Mathematical Models
Classification of Second
Order Linear Equations
The Cauchy Problem and Wave Equations
Fourier Series and Integrals with Applications
Method of Separation of Variables
Eigenvalue Problems and Special Functions
Boundary
Value Problems and Applications
Higher
Dimensional Boundary
Value Problems
Green's Functions and Boundary
Value Problems
Integral Transform Methods with Applications
Nonlinear Partia
ISBN:9780817645601
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Computer science , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402021497:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Instabilities and Nonequilibrium Structures VII & VIII
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (388 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2149-7
Contents:I. Courses -- Diffusion-limited reactions of particles with fluctuating activity -- Classical Dynamics of Excitations of Bose Condensates in Anisotropic Traps -- Bifurcations in Attractive Bose-Einstein Condensates and Superfluid
Helium -- Phase boundary dynamics in a one-dimensional non-equilibrium lattice gas -- Conventional Bose-Einstein condensation -- II. Invited Conferences and Seminars -- On the topographic rectification of ocean fluctuations -- Dynamics
of conical singularities: S type d-cones -- Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Scalp EEG Epileptic Signals -- A theorem on wave packets -- The Kolmogorov-Lax-Phillips Systems as Branch Systems of the Reichembach Model -- Computing the
quantum Boltzmann equation from a Kossakowski-Lindblad generator -- A Combined Density Functional and Semiclassical Approach to Describe Atomic/Ionic Radii -- Boundary-Forced Spatial Chaos -- Chaotic toy model of mobile beds in natural
channels -- Chaotic motion and the classical-quantum border -- Thermodynamic behavior of a stain -- Approach to equilibrium for quantum systems with continuous spectrum -- Linear Marangoni problem in a diluted polymer -- On some
localized solutions of coupled Ginzburg-Landau equations -- Stable-Unstable Transitions in Viscous Fingering -- Force distribution in two dimensional sandpile -- Time-periodic forcing of Turing patterns in the Brusselator model --
Realizations of the random representations of the Navier-Stokes equations by ordinary differential equations -- Characterization of the Dynamical Evolution of Electroencephalogram Time Series -- Exact results in trapping reactions for
mobile particles and a single trap -- Vortex-dipole surface wave interactions in deep water -- Non linear dynamics, pattern formation and materials science -- New results for diffusion-limited reactions within a stochastic model --
Author Index
ISBN:9781402021497
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nonlinear Phenomena and Complex Systems: 8
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783642557392:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dark Matter in Astro- and Particle Physics Proceedings of the International Conference DARK 2002, Cape Town, South Africa, 4–9 February 2002
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (663 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55739-2
Contents:Large-Scale Structure from Galaxy and Cluster Surveys -- The Dark Mass at the Center of the Milky Way -- Dim Matter in the Disks of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies -- Black Holes in Active Galactic Nuclei -- Comparison of Black Hole
and Fermion Ball Scenarios of the Galactic Center -- Dark Matter and Baryons in Groups and Clusters of Galaxies -- Baryonic Dark Matter and Machos -- The Next Generation Microlensing Search: SuperMacho -- Dynamics of Dark Matter Cusps
-- Testing Hierarchical Structure Formation Scenarios -- Cosmology Rounding the Cape -- Large Scale Structure in an Era of Precision CMB Measurements -- Astrophysical Constraints on Neutralino Dark Matter from Multifrequency
Observations of Galaxy Clusters -- On the Formation of Degenerate Heavy Fermion Stars -- The Self-Gravitating Fermi Gas -- Dark Matter in the Halo of the Galaxy -- Supersymmetry and Dark Matter -- On WIMP Detection Rates in Constrained
SUSY -- Status of Supersymmetry in the Light of Recent Experiments -- Theoretical Directional and Modulated Rates for Direct SUSY Dark Matter Detection -- Nonthermal Production of Gravitinos and Inflatinos in the Inflationary Universe
-- Supersymmetric Dark Matter and Recent Experimental Constraints -- Axinos as Cold Dark Matter Candidate -- LEP Constraints on Susy Dark Matter -- Cosmology from Large Scale Structure -- Natural Quintessence and the Brane World --
Self-Tuning Solution of the Cosmological Constant Problem with Antisymmetric Tensor Field -- Bad News for Tracking Quintessence -- Gauged Inflation -- Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Chaplygin Gas -- Dark Matter Distribution from
Gravitational Entropy Evolution -- Cosmology with a Long-Range Repulsive Force -- Constraining Dark Matter Candidates from Structure Formation -- Dark Matter-Photon Interactions: Are They Allowed? -- Scalar Field Dark Matter and Galaxy
Formation -- Status of Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay -- Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Revisited - Reply to a Comment -- Neutrinos: Summarizing the State-of-the-Art -- New Constraints on Massive Degenerate
Neutrinos from Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis and Cosmic Microwave Background Fluctuations -- Neutrino Mass from Tritium ? Decay -- KATRIN: The Future of Tritium Beta Decay Experiments -- WIMP Search by the DAMA Experiment at Gran Sasso --
GENIUS and GENIUS-TF - The Potential for Cold Dark Matter and Solar Neutrino Searches -- ZEPLIN III — A Two Phase Xenon Dark Matter Detector -- ZEPLIN IV: A One Ton WIMP Detector -- Status of Direct Dark Matter Detection Experiments at
the Boulby Mine -- Dark Matter Search in the EDELWEISS Experiment -- The CRESST Dark Matter Search Status and Future -- The Status of SIMPLE in 2002 -- Atmospheric Neutrinos, WIMPs and Monopoles: Physics with the AMANDA Neutrino
Telescope -- Dark Matter Prospects with the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope -- Results and Implications of First SNO -- Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments -- Future Underground Laboratory in Finland -- Clustering, GUT Scale and
Neutrino Masses in Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays -- Cosmic Anti-Matter and Dark Matter Searches with AMS-02 on the International Space Station ISS -- Absolute Neutrino Mass Phenomenology -- DARK 2002 and Beyond, Concluding Remarks for
Dark 2002 -- Author IndeX -- List of Participants
ISBN:9783642557392
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Physics, general , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781461301011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Otto Hahn Achievement and Responsibility
Author(s): Klaus Hoffmann
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (276 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0101-1
Contents:1 Atom Bomb and Nobel Prize -- 1.1 Hidden Microphones -- 1.2 Death Clouds over Hiroshima -- 1.3 Hot Tempered Discussions -- 1.4 Rumours about Professor Hahn -- 1.5 Criminal Investigation for a Nobel Prize Winner -- 2 Boyhood, Studies,
and the First Probationary Years -- 2.1 The ‘Good Year’ 1879 -- 2.2 University Studies in Marburg and Munich -- 2.3 Soap Bubbles and Exploding Chlorine Gas: Dr. Hahn as an Assistant Lecturer -- 2.4 “You Will Work on Radioactivity” -- 3
The Awakening of the Natural Sciences -- 3.1 Puzzling Radiation -- 3.2 Pioneering Ideas -- 3.3 ‘Atomic Energy’ -- 3.4 Radium-The Great Revolutionary -- 4 The First Scientific Discovery -- 4.1 In London with William Ramsay -- 4.2
Radiothorium-The First New Element -- 4.3 An Uncertain Future -- 4.4 The Finest Year of His Life: In Montreal with Rutherford -- 5 Research at the University of Berlin -- 5.1 The Joy of a Discoverer in a Workshop -- 5.2 It’s
Unbelievable What Qualifies as a University Lecturer Nowadays -- 5.3 An Element Is Not an Element -- 5.4 Lise Meitner -- 5.5 Isotopy-The Puzzle’s Solution -- 5.6 International Meetings -- 5.7 The Nucleus of the Atom -- 5.8 An Absent
Minded Professor -- 6 The Kaiser Wilhelm Society -- 6.1 A ‘Call to the Nation’ -- 6.2 The Kaiser Comes! -- 6.3 Radiation Protection—At That Time a Foreign Word -- 6.4 Research Work at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute -- 7 The First World
War -- 7.1 The Defence Forces and Science -- 7.2 Poison Gas Warfare -- 7.3 A Scientist at the Cross Roads -- 7.4 If Only Atoms Would Fly Into Pieces -- 8 New Success for the Atomic Researchers -- 8.1 The Old Dream of th e Alchemists --
8.2 The Father of the Race , Protoactinium -- 8.3 No Luck Without Service -- 8.4 Applied Radiochemistry -- 8.5 The Remarkable Year 1932 -- 9 National Socialism-Night Falls on German Science -- 9.1 As Visiting Professor in America --
9.2 Hahn Practises Solidarity -- 9.3 Commemoration for Fritz Haber -- 9.4 Germ an Physics-Excels in the World -- 10 Dispute Over the 93rd Element -- 10.1 Experiment in a Goldfish Pond -- 10.2 In Honour of Mendeleev -- 10.3 An Absurd
Theory -- 10.4 Elements 93,94,95,96 . . . ad Infinitum? -- 10.5 Lise Meitner in Exile -- 11 The Splitting of the Uranium Atom -- 11.1 The Error Was Tackled with Heaven’s Fire -- 11.2 A St aggering Discovery -- 11.3 200 Million Electron
Volts -- 11.4 “Real American Exaggeration” -- 11.5 Indispensable Chain Reaction -- 11.6 60th Birthday Celebratory Volume -- 11.7 The False Thans-uranics -- 11.8 Fantastic Energy -- 12 The Threat of Hitler’s Atom Bomb -- 12.1 A
Memorable Conversation -- 12.2 Orders to Report for the Atomic Researchers -- 12.3 Heavy Water -- 12.4 An Outsider -- 12.5 The Bomb Will Not Explode -- 12.6 Nuclear Physics as a Weapon -- 13 The American Super-Explosive U235 -- 13.1
Press Censorship -- 13.2 An Historic Letter -- 13.3 The Devil’s Business is Done -- 13.4 The Worries of General Groves -- 13.5 Otto Hahn’s Activities During the War -- 13.6 The Last German War Secret -- 14 The Hunt for the Atomic
Scientists -- 14.1 The Alsos Mission Is on Target -- 14.2 ‘No Fraternisation!’ -- 14.3 ‘The Day of the Uranium Bomb’ , 6 August 1945 -- 14.4 A Difficult Decision -- 15 A World Full of Prejudice -- 15.1 A Protest in Despair -- 15.2
Uranium Is Like a Curse -- 15.3 Nobel Prize Winner for Chemistry -- 15.4 President of the Max Planck Gesellschaft -- 16 Atom Bomb Diplomacy -- 16.1 A Piece of Good News -- 16.2 Big Stick Politics -- 16.3 No More Hiroshimas -- 17 In
Conflict with Conscience and Politics -- 17.1 Atomic Energy Literature Instead of Crime Novels -- 17.2 Cobalt 60 -- 17.3 Declaration on Mainau Island -- 17.4 International Atomic Energy Conference -- 18 The Call of the Göttingen
Eighteen -- 18.1 Reduced to Silence, Yet not Convinced -- 18.2 A NATO Officer Blabs out of School -- 18.3 The Gottingen Statement -- 18.4 ‘Unsuspecting Fools‘ -- 18.5 Ten Against Five -- 18.6 An Incorrect Communique -- 19 Against
Nuclear Weapon Experiments and Nuclear Balance -- 19.1 Political Creeds -- 19.2 Honours and Prizes -- 19.3 A Departing President -- 19.4 Last Journeys -- 19.5 Atom Bombs Stop -- 19.6 The Sun on t he Earth: The Resp onsibility of
Science -- 20 Timetable -- 21 Sources and Pointers -- Translator’s Notes on the Text
ISBN:9781461301011
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Chemistry , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Physics, general , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783642572012:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing CASC 2000
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (439 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57201-2
Contents:Fast Matrix Computation of Subresultant Polynomial Remainder Sequences -- About Simultaneous Representation of Two Natural Numbers by a Sum of Three Primes -- On a Description of Irreducible Component in the Set of Nilpotent Leibniz
Algebras Containing the Algebra of Maximal Nilindex, and Classification of Graded Filiform Leibniz Algebras -- Application of Computer Algebra in Problems on Stabilization of Gyroscopic Systems -- Implementing Computational Services
Based on OpenMath -- Group Classification of the Navier-Stokes Equations for Compressible Viscous Heat-Conducting Gas -- Plotting Functions and Singularities with Maple and Java on a Component-based Web Architecture -- Stable
Self-Oscillatory Regimes in Volterra Models of Three Populations -- Computing “Small” 1-Homological Models for Commutative Differential Graded Algebras -- Effective computation of algebra of derivations of Lie algebras -- An
Integration and Reduction for Ordinary Non Linear Differential Equations Library -- Complexity of Derivatives Generated by Symbolic Differentiation -- An Assessment of the Efficiency of Computer Algebra Systems in the Solution of
Scientific Computing Problems -- On the Relation Between Pommaret and Janet Bases -- An (Asymptotic) Error Bound for the Evaluation of Polynomials at Roots -- Three Remarks on Comprehensive Gröbner and SAGBI Bases -- Computing the
Cylindrical Algebraic Decomposition Adapted to a Set of Equalities -- Symbolic Algorithms of Algebraic Perturbation Theory for a Hydrogen Atom: the Stark Effect -- CADECOM: Computer Algebra software for functional DECOMposition --
Computeralgebra and the Systematic Construction of Finite Unlabeled Structures -- Heat Invariant E2 for Nonminimal Operator on Manifolds with Torsion -- Computer Algebra for Automated Performance Modeling of Fortran Programs -- A
Parallel Symbolic-Numerical Approach to Algebraic Curve Plotting -- Parametric Analysis for a Nonlinear System -- Extended Splicing System and Semigroup of Dominoes -- Newton Polyhedra and the Reversible System of Ordinary Differential
Equations -- Condition Analysis of Overdetermined Algebraic Problems -- An Algebraic Approach to Offsetting and Blending of Solids -- Application of Computer Algebra Methods to Some Problems of Theoretical and Applied Celestial
Mechanics -- Computing the Frobenius Normal Form of a Sparse Matrix -- Lessons Learned from Using CORBA for Components in Scientific Computing -- Deciding Linear-Transcendental Problems -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642572012
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Algorithms , Physics , Mathematics , Algorithms , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Algorithm Analysis and Problem Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783540484103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Cold-Region Thermal Engineering and Sciences Technological, Environmental, and Climatological Impact Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium Held in Darmstadt, Germany, 22–25 August 1999
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (610 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0104166
Contents:Some observations on the historical development of conduction heat transfer -- Numerical and experimental investigation on frosting of energy-recovery ventilator -- Melting of unfixed material inside an elliptical capsule --
Experimental study on the critical heat flux of ice accretion along a fine wire immersed in a cold air flow with water spray -- The characteristics of frost growth on parallel plates -- Effect of ultrasonic waves on freezing of
supercooled water -- Numerical modeling of dendritic ice crystals -- Measurement of temperature and velocity fields of freezing water using liquid crystal tracers -- Heat transfer enhancement of a direct contact melting process by
oscillating motion -- Permeability of an aqueous solution in a state of partial solidification -- Lateral freezing of a porous medium saturated with an aqueous salt solution -- Spontaneous melting of ice in a CaCl2 solution -- An
analytic solution prescribing the time-dependent formation of a solid crust inside a convectively cooled plane channel -- Melting heat-transfer characteristics of an inclined ice plate immersed in a hydrophobic liquid -- Plane flow of
an ice sheet exhibiting strain-induced anisotropy -- A meso-macro model for the description of induced anisotropy of natural ice, including grain interaction -- Classical mixture models for polythermal ice -- Modelling the ice
single-crystal viscoplastic behaviour -- Remarks on self-consistent modelling of polycrystalline ice -- Anisotropic isothermal ice-cap flow with the shallow ice approximation -- Orthotropic viscous model for ice -- Tertiary flow
relations for compression and shear components in combined stress tests on ice -- An iterative solution procedure for shallow stokes flows. The shallow ice approximation revisited -- Nested high-resolution modelling of the greenland
summit region -- Numerical age computation of the antarctic ice sheet for dating deep ice cores -- Three-dimensional isothermal boundary layer solutions of slow creeping ice flows based on the shallow ice approximation -- A comparison
study between two visco-plastic sea-ice models -- Influence of ice accumulation distribution on ice sheet stability -- A computational procedure for instationary temperature-dependent snow creep -- Transformation of the snow crystal to
a particle of ice -- Temperature and temperature gradient dependence of snow recrystallization in depth hoar snow -- On creep flow of snow and firn -- Relation of temperature gradient to heat transfer in snow -- Methods of similitude
in granular avalanche flows -- Experimental study of gas hydrate formation in porous media -- Electroacoustic technique to study changes in the liquid phase state of frozen soils -- Permeability effects on winter-time natural
convection in gravel embankments -- Barothermic effect and temperature regime of frozen soil -- Detecting alpine permafrost using electro-magnetic methods -- Climatic warming and permafrost -- The monitoring and prediction of
permafrost temperature, distribution and geocryological processes within russia under global climate changes -- Thermally induced temporal strain variations in rock walls observed at subzero temperatures -- Soil microstructure and the
thermodynamic behaviour of permafrost affected soils -- Heat transfer in heat storage arrangements under melting -- Microscale analysis of ice crystals made from aqueous solutions by scanning tunneling microscope -- Development study
of a novel tower-style tank for simultaneous storing warm water and ice -- Latent heat storage in a fixed-bed packed with cross-linked polymer particles -- Development of an efficient static-type ice thermal energy storage vessel using
a low concentration aqueous solution -- Heat storage for a bus petrol internal-combustion engine -- Heat pumps and heat pipes for applications in cold regions
ISBN:9783540484103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 533
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Engineering , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Engines , Machinery , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Engine Technology , Engineering, general , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461546955:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heat Capacity and Thermal Expansion at Low Temperatures
Author(s): T. H. K Barron
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (338 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4695-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1. Thermodynamic Properties at Low Temperatures -- 1.2. Implications for Design of Equipment -- 1.3. Useful Theoretical Concepts -- 1.4. Plan of This Book -- 2. Basic Theory and Techniques -- 2.1. Introduction --
2.2. Thermodynamics -- 2.3. Statistical Mechanics -- 2.4. Bonding and Interatomic Potentials -- 2.5. Some Model Systems -- 2.6. Lattice Vibrations -- 2.7. Approximate Equations of State -- 2.8. Anisotropic Strain and Stress: Elasticity
-- 2.9. Calculation of , and from Elastic Data -- 2.10. Internal Strain -- 3. Measurement Techniques -- 3.1. General Principles -- 3.2. Heat Capacity … by S. J. Collocott -- 3.3. Thermal Expansion -- 3.4. Elastic Moduli -- 4. Fluids --
4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Gases -- 4.3. Liquids and Dense Gases -- 4.4. Quantum Fluids Liquid Helium -- 5. Non-Metals -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Rare Gas Solids -- 5.3. Rocksalt Structure -- 5.4. Fluorite Structure -- 5.5.
Tetrahedrally Bonded Crystals -- 5.6. Useful Oxides: ?-Al203, MgO, ?-Si02, Ti02, Th02, Zr02(stab.) -- 5.7. Glasses and Glass Ceramics -- 5.8. Highly Anisotropic Crystals -- 5.9. Polymers -- 5.10. High Tc Superconductors -- 5.11.
Non-Metallic Magnetic Crystals -- 5.12. Mixed Systems, Dipoles etc. -- 6. Metals -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Cubic Metals -- 6.3. Non-Cubic Metals -- 6.4. Magnetic Metals -- 6.5. Type I and Type II Superconductors -- 6.6. Heavy
Electron Metals -- 7. Polycrystals, Composites and Aggregates -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Theory -- 7.3. Experiment -- 8. Cryocrystals, Clathrates and Curiosities -- 8.1. Cryocrystals -- 8.2. Other Rotationally Disordered Crystals --
8.3. Clathrates -- 8.4. Curiosities -- 9. Conclusion -- Appendix A. Axes and Unit Cells in Crystals -- Appendix B. Manipulating Thermodynamic Expressions -- Appendix C. Tables -- Appendix D. Commonly Used Symbols -- References
ISBN:9781461546955
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461558354:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spectroscopy and Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Solids
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (671 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-5835-4
Contents:Nonlinear Optics and Collective Excitations -- Fundamentals of Spectroscopy of Collective Excitations in Solids -- Light-Matter Interaction – Experimental Aspects -- Theoretical Description of Collective Excitations: Bloch Equations
and Relaxation Mechanisms -- Linear and Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy: Spectral, Temporal and Spatial Resolution -- The Study of Collective Excitations in Solids by Inelastic Neutron Scattering -- Excitation Dynamics in Organic
Molecules, Solids, Fullerenes and Polymers -- The IR Vibrational Properties of Composite Solids and Particles: The Lyddane-Sachs-Teller Relation Revisited -- Intrinsic Localized Modes in Anharmonic Lattices -- Collective Excitations in
Magnetic Materials -- Plasmons and Surface Plasmons in Bulk Metals, Metallic Clusters, and Metallic Heterostructures -- Enlightenment on Luminescent Materials -- Techniques of Ultrafast Spectroscopy -- Interaction of Ultrashort Laser
Pulses with Solids -- Collective Excitations in the Optical Spectroscopy of Magnetic Insulators -- Long Seminars -- Spectroscopy and Development of Solid State Lasers at Nasa -- New Developments of Laser Crystals -- Optical Excitation
and Relaxation of Solids with Defects -- Newly Developed Solid State Lasers -- Energy Transfer and Migration of Excitation in Solids and Confined Structures -- Broad Band Centers Applied for Laser Materials: Example of Tetrahedrally
Coordinated Centers -- Interdisciplinary Lectures -- Cosmology: The Universe in Evolution -- Unification of the Fundamental Interactions: Problems and Perspectives -- Short Seminars -- Determination of Two Dimensional Electron Gas
Population Enhancement within Illuminated Semiconductor Heterostructures by Persistent Photoconductivity -- Excitons in J-Aggregates: Beyond the Heitler-London Approximation -- Photochemistry of Vibrationally Excited HCl in Rare Gas
Matrices -- Nonlinear Wake in the Random-Phase Approximation -- Scanning Tunneling Optical Spectroscopy on Nanostructures -- Dynamics of Luminescence and Bleaching of Localized States in CdS1-xSex -- Intermolecular Interactions in
Supramolecular Systems Based on Chlorophyll-Related Compounds -- High-Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Gaseous Samples -- Collisional Effects on the Lineshape of Ammonia Transitions -- Numerical and Analytical Calculations of the
Superheating Field for a Superconducting Half-Space -- MBE Cleaved Edge Overgrowth of Quantum Wires -- Excitons in C60 Studied by Temperature Dependent Optical Second-Harmonic Generation -- The Simulation of Energy-Level Schemes of
Selected Rare Earth Oxyfluorides -- Plasma Modes in Layered Metallic Systems -- Relaxations and Losses in a Photoacoustic Resonator -- Formation of Large Bipolarons -- Near-Infrared to Visible Upconversion in Cs2NaYX6: 10% Er3+ (X=C1,
Br) -- Structural Aspects of Energy Transfer in Cubic Crystals -- 300 V Cathodoluminescent Efficiency and Degradation -- Application of Spectral Hole-Burning in Combination with Holographic Recording Techniques -- Lanthanides Probes
Spectroscopy at Araraquara — Brazil -- FROG- A Method for Ultrashort Pulse Measurement -- Absorption Edge Singularities for a Nonequilibrium Fermi Sea -- The Femtosecond Fifth-Order Nonlinear Response of Nuclear Motion in Liquids --
Laser Processes and Optical Nonlinearities in ZnSe-based Heterostructures -- Optical Properties of Er3+ Doped Disordered Melilite Laser Material -- Rate Equation Modeling of Tm ? Ho Energy Transfer in LiYF4 -- Spectroscopy of Excited
States in CdSe Quantum Dots -- Two-photon Spectroscopy of ZnSe under Uniaxial Stress -- Posters -- Nonlinear Quantum Hydrodynamic Model for the Electron Gas -- Optical Properties of InGaAs/GaAs Quantum Well Heterostructures: Excitation
Energy Dependence -- LIBS Technique for Environmental Measurements -- Yb3+-Doped Nonlinear LiNbO3: Elaboration by Laser Heated Pedestal Growth and Optical Properties -- Investigation of Striae Patterns in Laser Crystals -- Spin Quantum
Beats in GaAs -- Real-time Spectroscopy of Cage Relaxation Process Applied to NO Embedded in Rare Gas Crystal -- Application of the Shell Model for Cross Relaxation to the 4G5/2 State of Sm3+ in Cs2NaSmxGd1-xCl6 -- A New Quantum Effect
in the Dynamics of a Two-mode Field Coupled to a Two-level Atom by Two-photon Processes -- UV Emission in Natural Diamonds -- Influence of the Cross-Relaxation on ESA-Process in Tm3+ Doped Fluorophosphate Glass -- A Physical
Characterization of the Ground State of the Spin-Boson Interaction -- Nanoscale Carbon Nanotubes Studied by Raman Spectroscopy -- Optical Studies on GaN Samples -- Ultra High Spectral Density Flat Continuum Light Source for Dynamic
Spectroscopy -- Luminescence of ZnSe Films -- Summary of the School -- Picture of the Participants -- Participants
ISBN:9781461558354
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series B: Physics: 356
Keywords: Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Condensed matter , Solid state physics , Crystallography , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Condensed Matter Physics , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9783322898388:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computation of Three-Dimensional Complex Flows Proceedings of the IMACS-COST Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics Lausanne, September 13–15, 1995
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (394 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-322-89838-8
Contents:Numerical Prediction of Three-Dimensional Thermally Driven Flows in a Rotating Frame -- Investigation of Separation of the Three-Dimensional Laminar Boundary Layer -- Large-Scale Blast Simulations -- How around a Surface Mounted
Cubical Obstacle: Comparison of LES and RANS-Results -- 3D Flow Computations under a Reactor Vessel Closure Head -- Finite Element Analysis of Three-Dimensional Transient Free Convection Processes in Porous Media -- Navier-Stokes 3D
Computational Analysis of Incompressible Turbulent Flow in a Curved Rectangular Duct -- Study of Incompressible Flows in Rectangular Channels Using High Order Schemes and Parallel Computing -- Numerical Prediction of Abrasion for
Francis Turbine Guide Vanes -- Simulation of Turbulent Flow in a Cylindrical Drum with Multiple Outlets -- Secondary Instabilities and Transition to Turbulence in Wakes and Jets -- Heat Transfer and Drag Augmentation of Multiple Rows
of Winglet Vortex Generators in Transitional Channel Flow: A Comparison of Numerical and Experimental Methods -- Computational Dispersion Properties of 3-D Staggered Grids for Hydrostatic and Non-Hydrostatic Atmospheric Models --
Numerical Simulation of Oscillatory Regimes in Vertical Cylinders Heated from Below -- Sliding Mesh Simulation of Transitional, Non-Newtonian Flow in a Baffled, Stirred Tank -- Computation of Three-Dimensional Laminar and Turbulent
Shock Wave/Boundary Layer Interactions -- Complex Three-Dimensional Jet Flows: Computation and Experimental Validation -- Numerical Modeling of Combustible Dusty Gas Mixture Flow -- Computation of the 3D Turbulent Flow Surrounding a
High-Speed Train Mock-Up Including the Inter-Car Gap and the Bogie and Comparisons with LDV Data -- Computational Modelling of Complex 3D Flows with Second-Moment Closure Coupled to Low-Re Near-Wall Models -- Interaction of Two Coaxial
Weakly Perturbed Vortex Rings -- Aerodynamics of Combustion Chambers for Aeronautical Engines -- Time-Dependent 3D Numerical Simulation of Oldroyd-B Fluid Using Finite Volume Method -- A re-analysis of Stanford’s 30 Degree Bend
Experiment -- Computation on Vortex Interactions behind Two Circular Cylinders -- Three-Dimensional Study of Extrusion Processes by the Stream-Tube Method: Newtonian and Viscoelastic Results -- Natural Convection in Volumetrically
Heated and Side-Wall Heated Melt Pools: Three Dimensional Effects -- Numerical Simulation and Analysis of Manipulated Transitional Flow over a Fence -- Calculation of 3D Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flows in an S-Shaped Channel --
Experimental Activities within COST-F1, Subgroup A-7, on Laminar-Turbulent Transition: A Summary Report -- The Modelling of the Wake of a Torus by the Ginzburg-Landau Equation -- Diagonalization of the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes
Equations with the Reynolds-Stress Turbulence Model -- 3 D Numerical Simulation of a Natural Draught Cooling Tower Flow -- An Evolutionary Far-Field Boundary Treatment for the Euler Equations -- 3-D Calculations Showing the Effects of
Stratification on the Evolution of Trailing Vortices -- Large Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Flow past a Backward Facing Step with a new Mixed Scale SGS Model -- Euler and Navier-Stokes Flow Analysis in a Francis-Runner -- A Subdomain
Method in Three-Dimensional Natural and Mixed Convection in Internal Flows -- Parallel Multi-Block Computations of Three-Dimensional Incompressible Flows -- On the Treatment of Fluid Problems by Methods of Clifford Analysis --
Numerical Simulation of Flow Around a Train -- Parallelization of a 3D Code for Simulation of Turbulent Channel Flow on the Cray T3D -- A New Approach to Modelling an Unsteady Free Surface in Boundary Integral Methods with Application
to Bubble-Structure Interactions -- Numerical Experimentation of the First Transition to Unsteadiness of Air Free Convection in a Differentially Heated Cubic Cavity with Non Active Adiabatic Walls -- Computation of Unsteady 3-D
Transonic Flows due to Fluctuating Back-Pressure using k-? Turbulence Closure -- Thermoconvection Simulation and Control in Melting Glass Furnaces -- Computational Methods for Large-Eddy Simulation in 2D Complex Geometries -- Three
Dimensional Numerical Simulation of the Flow in a Four-Stroke I.C. Engine -- Numerical Simulation of Three-Dimensional Complex Flows Using a Pressure-Based non-Staggered Grid Method -- Flows with Interfaces: Dealing with Surface
Tension and Reconnection -- Numerical Simulation of Three-Dimensional Instabilities and Secondary Regimes in Spherical Couette Flow
ISBN:9783322898388
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics (NNFM): 49
Keywords: Engineering , Fluids , Fluid mechanics , Engineering , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781475710953:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to the Mathematics of Biology: with Computer Algebra Models
Author(s): Edward K Yeargers
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (417 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-1095-3
Contents:1 Biology, Mathematics, and a Mathematical Biology Laboratory -- 1.1 The Natural Linkage Between Mathematics and Biology -- 1.2 The Use of Models in Biology -- 1.3 What Can Be Derived from a Model and How Is It Analyzed? -- References
and Suggested Further Reading -- 2 Some Mathematical Tools -- 2.1 Linear Dependence -- 2.2 Linear Regression, the Method of Least Squares -- 2.3 Multiple Regression -- 2.4 Modelig with qint Differential Equations -- 2.5 Matrix Analysis
-- 2.6 Statistical Data -- 2.7 Probability -- References and Suggested Further Reading -- 3 Reproduction and the Drive for Survival -- 3.1 The Darwinian Model of Evolution -- 3.2 Cells -- 3.3 Replication of Living Systems -- 3.4
Population Growth and Its Limitations -- 3.5 The Exponential Model for Growth and Decay -- 3.6 Ouestions for Thou2ht and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading -- 4 Interactions Between Organisms and Their Environment
-- 4.1 How Population Growth is Controlled -- 4.2 Community Ecology -- 4.3 Environmentally Limited Population Growth -- 4.4 A Brief Look at Multiple Species Systems -- 4.5 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and
Suggested Further Reading -- 5 Age-Dependent Population Structures -- 5.1 Aging and Death -- 5.2 The Age-Structure of Populations -- 5.3 Predicting the Age-Structure of a Population -- 5.4 Questions for Thought and Discussion --
References and Suggested Further Reading -- 6 Random Movements in Space and Time -- 6.1 BioloQical Membranes -- 6.2 The Mathematics of Diffusion -- 6.3 Interplacenlal Transfer of Oxygen: Biological and Biochemical Considerations -- 6.4
Oxygen Diffusion Across the Placenta: Physical Considerations -- 6.5 The Spread of Infectious Diseases -- 6.6 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading -- 7 The Biological Disposition of Drugs and
Inorganic Toxins -- 7.1 The Biological Importance of Lead -- 7.2 Early Embryogenesis and Organ Formation -- 7.3 Gas Exchange -- 7.4 The Digestive System -- 7.5 The Skin -- 7.6 The Circulatory System -- 7.7 Bones -- 7.8 The Kidneys --
7.9 Clinical Effects of Lead -- 7.10 A Mathematical Model for Lead in Mammals -- 7.11 Pharmacokinetics -- 7.12 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading -- 8 Neurophysiology -- 8.1 Communication
Between Parts of an Organism -- 8.2 The Neuron -- 8.3 The Action Potential -- 8.4 Synapses—Interneuronal Connections -- 8.5 A Model for the Conduction of Action Potentials -- 8.6 The Fitzhugh-Nagumo Two-Variable Action Potential System
-- 8.7 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading -- 9 The Biochemistry of Cells -- 9.1 Atoms and Bonds in Biochemistry -- 9.2 Biopolymers -- 9.3 Molecular Information Transfer -- 9.4 Enzymes and
Their Function -- 9.5 Rates of Chemical Reactions -- 9.6 Enzyme Kinetics -- 9.7 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading -- 10 A Biomathematical Approach to HIV and AIDS -- 10.1 Viruses -- 10.2
The Immune System -- 10.3 HIV and AIDS -- 10.4 An HIV Infection Model -- 10.5 A Model for a Mutating Virus -- 10.6 Predicting the Onset of AIDS -- 10.7 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading --
11 Genetics -- 11.1 Asexual Cell Reproduction—Mitosis -- 11.2 Sexual Reproduction—Meiosis and Fertilization -- 11.3 Classical Genetics -- 11.4 A Final Look at Darwinian Evolution -- 11.5 The Hardy-Weinberg Principle -- 11.6 The
Fixation of a Beneficial Mutation -- 11.7 Questions for Thought and Discussion -- References and Suggested Further Reading
ISBN:9781475710953
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401101752:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Theory of Open Systems Volume 1: A Unified Approach to Kinetic Description of Processes in Active Systems
Author(s): Yu. L Klimontovich
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (569 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0175-2
Contents:2. Dynamic and Statistical Description of Processes in Macroscopic Systems -- 3. Statistical Theory of Equilibrium State -- 4. Distributions of Functions of Dynamic Variables. Fluctuations of Internal Parameters -- 5. Methods of
Distribution Functions and Microscopic Phase Density -- 6. Boltzmann Kinetic Equation -- 7. From BBGKY Equations to Kinetic Equations for Boltzmann Gas -- 8. Kinetic Theory of Nonideal Gas -- 9. Kinetic Theory of Fluctuations -- 10.
Langevin Method in Kinetic Theory of Fluctuations -- 11. From Kinetic Boltzmann Equation to Equations of Gas Dynamics -- 12. Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Irreversible Processes -- 13. Unified Description of Kinetic and Hydrodynamic
Processes -- 14. Transition from Generalized Kinetic Equation to Equations of Gas Dynamics -- 15. Nonlinear Brownian Motion -- 16. Examples of Nonlinear Brownian Motion -- 17. Nonlinear Brownian Motion. Unified Description of Kinetic,
Hydrodynamic and Diffusion Processes -- 18. Kinetic Theory of Active Media -- 19. Kinetic Theory of Fluctuations in Active Media -- 20. Anomalous Brownian Motion. Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium Natural Flicker Noise and Residual Time
Correlations -- 21. Criteria of Self-Organization -- 22. Turbulent Motion. Kinetic Description of Turbulence -- 23. Bridge from Classical Statistical Theory of Open Systems to Quantum Theory -- Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9789401101752
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : 67
Keywords: Physics , Probabilities , Condensed matter , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783540492283:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fourteenth International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics Proceedings of the Conference Held in Bangalore, India, 11–15 July 1994
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-59280-6
Contents:Aerodynamic applications of Newton- Krylov-Schwarz solvers -- Vortex methods for three-dimensional separated flows -- On wall laws in CFD -- Status of CFD in India -- The development of high quality unstructured grids on parael
computers -- Computational methods for aerodynamic design -- A Boltzmann Taylor Galerkin FEM for compressible Euler Equations -- A Boltzmann Taylor Galerkin FEM for compressible Euler equations -- A new second order positivity
preserving kinetic schemes for the compressible Euler equations -- A Robust Least Squares Kinetic Upwind Scheme for Euler equations -- Gas-kinetic finite volume methods -- Peculiar velocity based upwind method for inviscid compressible
flows -- Discrete Boltzmann equation, for solving rarefied gas problems -- Spurious entropy generation as a mesh quality indicator -- Dynamic mesh adaption for tetrahedral grids -- Extensive analysis and cross-comparisons of past and
present numerical formulations for flow problems on unstructured meshes -- A time-accurate multigrid algorithm for Euler equations -- Hypersonic viscous flow computations with solver and grid sensitivity analysis -- Speed-up of CFD
codes using analytical FE calculations -- A field method for 3D tetrahedral mesh generation and adaption -- Multigrid Euler solutions with semi-coarsening and local preconditioning -- CAGD techniques in structured grid generation and
adaption -- Canonical-variables multigrid method for Euler equations -- Agglomeration multigrid for the Euler equations -- Steady transonic flow computations using overlapping grids -- Surface boundary conditions for the numerical
solution of the Euler equations in three dimensions -- The ? - q formulation and boundary condition for incompressible flows in multi-connected region -- Treatment of branch cut lines in the computation of incompressible flows with
C-grids -- Concepts on boundary conditions in numerical fluid dynamics -- Far field boundary conditions based on characteristic and bicharacteristic theory applied to transonic flows -- An accurate cubic-spline boundary-integral
formulation for two-dimensional free-surface flow problems -- ELAFINT : A computational method for fluid flows with free and moving boundaries -- An implicit spectral solver for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in complex
domains -- Accurate 2D Euler computations by means of a high order discontinuous finite element method -- A higher-order multidimensional upwind solution-adaptive multigrid solver for compressible flows -- On some advances in fluid
flow modelling through coupling of Newton method and new implicit PPV schemes -- An improved approximate Riemann solver for hypersonic bidimensional flows -- An implicit Lambda method for 2-D viscous compressible flows -- Numerical
methods for simulating supersonic combustion -- Shape optimization governed by the quasi 1D Euler equations using an adjoint method -- Relaxation method for 3-D problems in supersonic aerodynamics -- Virtual zone Navier-Stokes
computations for oscillating control surfaces -- The domain decomposition method and compact discretization for the Navier-Stokes equations -- Viscous flow modelling using unstructured meshes for aeronautical applications -- Upwind
numerical scheme for a two-fluid two-phase flow model -- A compact formalism to design numerical techniques for three dimensional internal flows -- An implicit-explicit flux vector splitting scheme for hypersonic thermochemical
nonequilibrium flows -- Computation of incompressible flows and direct simulation of transition to turbulence -- Incomplete LU decomposition in nodal integral methods for laminar flow -- On turbulent flow in a sudden pipe expansion and
its reverse transfer of subgrid-scale energy -- Analysis of 3-D unsteady separated turbulent flow usin a vorticity-based approach and Large-Eddy simulation -- Penalty finite element method for transient free convective laminar flow --
Numerical simulation of three dimensional turbulent underexpanded jets -- Conditioned navier-stokes equations combined with the K-E model for by-pass transitional flows -- Numerical aspects of flow stability in the Veldman boundary
layers -- Efficient implementation of turbulence modeling for CFD -- Transition to chaos in impinging three-dimensional axial and radial jets -- Transonic inviscid/turbulent airfoil flow simulations using a pressure based method with
high order schemes -- On oscillations due to shock capturing in unsteady flows -- An example of hopf bifurcation and strange attractor in Chebyshev spectral approximations to Burgers equation -- Simulation of the unsteady separated
flow around a finite rectangular plate using a free-divergence constraint velocity-vorticity formulation -- Time-space scale effects in numerically computing flowfields and a new approach to numerical flow simulation -- An evaluation
of a multi-dimensional FCT algorithm with some higher-order upwind schemes -- Numerical study of unsteady compressibleflows by a shock fitting technique -- Implementation of a nonequilibrium flow solver on a massively parallel computer
-- Lagrangian prediction of particulate two-pase flows at high particle loadings -- A numerical method for incompressible viscous flow using pseudo compressibility approach on regular grids -- Tetrahedral spectral elements for CFD --
Computation of unsteady 3D turbulent flow and torque transmission in fluid couplings -- Flow investigation near the point of surface temperature and catalytic properties discontinuity -- Computation of air and fuel droplet flows in
S.I. engine manifolds -- Validation of TVD-schemes for unsteady turbomachinery flow -- Numerical simulation of steady and unsteady flows through plane cascades -- Computation of unsteady viscous flows past oscillating airfoils using
the CPI method -- Investigation of 3-D shock focusing effects on a massively parallel computer -- The mechanism of entrainment in circular jets -- Numerical computation of critical flow over a weir -- Numerical simulation of natural
convection in a cavity of an ellipsoid of revolution, using a spectral finite difference method -- Multielement systems with moving surface boundary-laye control: Analysis and validation -- Prediction of turbulent delta wing vortex
flows using an RNG k - ? model -- Evaporative flow in heat pipes -- Numerical study of viscous compressible flow inside planar and axisymmetric nozzles -- Numerical simulation of an air flow past a moving body with/without deformation
-- Computation of three dimensional supersonic and hypersonic blunt body flows using high resolution TVD schemes based on Roe's Approximate Riemann Solver -- 3-D KFVS Euler code “BHEEMA” as aerodynamic design and analysis tool for
complex configurations -- Separation analysis of the Pegasus XL from an L-1011 aircraft -- Application of an Euler Code on a modern combat aircraft configuration -- Study on hypersonic finite-rate chemically reacting flows using upwind
method -- Study of the erosion of stably stratified medium heated from below -- Advances in Euler and Navier-Stokes methods for helicopter applications -- Numerical simulation of unsteady compressible viscous flow NACA 0012 airfoil —
vortex interaction -- A numerical study of unsteady flow phenomena in the driven and nozzle sections of shock tunnels -- The dynamics of reacting shear layers adjacent to a wall -- Validation of two 3-D numerical computation codes for
the flows in an annular cascade of high turning angle turbine blades
ISBN:9783540492283
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 453
Keywords: Physics , Numerical analysis , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Numerical Analysis , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401109628:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Predictability and Nonlinear Modelling in Natural Sciences and Economics
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (653 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0962-8
Contents:1. Geophysics -- Karl Popper and the accountability of scientific models -- Evaluation of forecasts -- The Liouville equation and prediction of forecast skill -- An improved formula to describe error growth in meteorological models --
Searching for periodic motions in long-time series -- Comparison study of the response of the climate system to major volcanic eruptions and el nino events -- Detection of a pertubed equator-pole temperature gradient in a spectral
model of the atmospheric circulation -- A simple two-dimensional climate model with ocean and atmosphere coupling -- Climate modelling at different scales of space -- 2. Agriculture -- Simulation of effects of climatic change on
cauliflower production -- Validation of large scale process-oriented models for managing natural resource populations: a case study -- Uncertainty of predictions in supervised pest control in winter wheat, its price and its causes --
The implications and importance of non-linear responses in modelling the growth and development of wheat -- Growth curve analysis of sedentary plant parasitic nematodes in relation to plant resistance and tolerance -- 3. Population
Biology -- Using chaos to understand biological dynamics -- Qualitative analysis of unpredictability: a case study from childhood epidemics -- Control and prediction in seasonally driven population models -- Simple theoretical models
and population predictions -- Individual based population modelling -- Ecological systems are not dynamical systems: some consequences of individual variability -- Spatio-temporal organization mediated by hierarchy in time scales in
ensembles of predator-prey pairs -- Continental expansion of plant disease: a survey of some recent results -- Modelling of fish behavior -- 4. Systems sciences -- Understanding uncertain environmental systems -- System identification
by approximate realization -- Sensitivity analysis versus uncertainty analysis: when to use what? -- Monte Carlo estimation of uncertainty contributions from several independent multivariate sources -- Assessing sensitivities and
uncertainties in models: a critical evaluation -- UNCSAM: a software tool for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of mathematical models -- Set-membership identification of nonlinear conceptual models -- Parameter sensitivity and the
quality of model predictions -- Towards a metrics for simulation model validation -- Use of a Fourier decomposition technique in aquatic ecosystems modelling -- Multiobjective inverse problems with ecological and economical motivations
-- An expert-opinion approach to the prediction problem in complex systems -- 5. Environmental Sciences -- Critical loads and a dynamic assessment of ecosystem recovery -- Uncertainty analysis on critical loads for forest soils in
Finland -- Monte Carlo simulations in ecological risk assessment -- Sensitivity analysis of a model for pesticide leaching and accumulation -- Bayesian uncertainty analysis in water quality modelling -- Modelling dynamics of air
pollution dispersion in mesoscale -- Uncertainty factors analysis in linear water quality models -- Uncertainty analysis and risk assessment combined: application to a bioaccumulation model -- Diagnosis of model applicability by
identification of incompatible data sets illustrated on a pharmacokinetic model for dioxins in mamals -- Regional calibration of a steady state model to assess critical acid loads -- Uncertainty analysis for the computation of
greenhouse gas concentrations in IMAGE -- 6. Economics -- Forecast uncertainty in economics -- Some aspects of nonlinear discrete-time descriptor systems in economics -- Quasi-periodic and strange, chaotic attractors in Hick’s
nonlinear trade cycle model -- Monte Carlo experimentation for large scale forward-looking economic models -- Erratic dynamics in a restricted tatonnement process with two and three goods -- Chaotic dynamics in a two-dimensional
overlapping generation model: a numerical investigation -- Nonlinearity and forecasting aspects of periodically integrated autoregressions -- Classical and modified resealed range analysis: some evidence
ISBN:9789401109628
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Atmospheric sciences , Plant science , Botany , System theory , Mathematical models , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Environment , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Environment, general , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Systems Theory, Control , Atmospheric Sciences , Plant Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781447120711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Combustion and Pollution Control in Heating Systems
Author(s): Victor Ian Hanby
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (144 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4471-2071-1
Contents:1 The Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Combustion Process -- 1.3 The Complete Combustion Reaction -- 1.4 Quantification of the Combustion Reaction -- 2 Stoichiometric Calculations -- 2.1 Applications of
the Combustion Equation -- 2.2 Combustion Air Requirements — Gaseous Fuels -- 2.3 Flue Gas Composition — Gaseous Fuels -- 2.4 Combustion Air Requirements — Solid and Liquid Fuels -- 2.5 Combustion Products — Solid and Liquid Fuels --
2.6 Practical Significance of the Flue Gas Composition -- 2.7 Sub-stoichiometric Combustion -- 2.8 Problems -- 3 Heat Release in Combustion -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Constant-pressure Combustion -- 3.3 Enthalpy of a Mixture of Gases
-- 3.4 Enthalpy of Combustion -- 3.5 Constant-volume Combustion -- 3.6 Internal Energy of Combustion -- 3.7 Relationship between ?H25 and ?U25 -- 3.8 Calorific Values -- 3.9 List of Symbols -- 3.10 Problems -- 4 Flame Temperature --
4.1 Energy Balance on a System -- 4.2 Adiabatic Flame Temperature -- 4.3 Specific Heats of Gases -- 4.4 Calculation Algorithm -- 4.5 Calculated Adiabatic Flame Temperatures -- 4.6 References -- 4.7 List of Symbols -- 4.8 Problems -- 5
Equilibrium Composition of Flames -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Chemical Equilibrium -- 5.3 Calculation of the Equilibrium Composition -- 5.4 Dissociated Flame Temperature -- 5.5 Dissociation with Hydrocarbon Fuels -- 5.6 References --
5.7 List of Symbols -- 6 Efficiency of Combustion Plant -- 6.1 Plant Efficiency -- 6.2 Direct Determination of Efficiency -- 6.3 Inferential Measurement of Efficiency -- 6.4 Efficiency and Flue Gas Temperature -- 6.5 Flue Gas Dew Point
-- 6.6 Efficiency of a Condensing Boiler -- 6.7 References -- 6.8 List of Symbols -- 6.9 Problems -- 7 Gaseous Fuels -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Natural Gas -- 7.3 Town Gas (Coal Gas) -- 7.4 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) -- 7.5
Combustion of Gaseous Fuels -- 7.6 Gas Burners -- 7.7 References -- 7.8 List of Symbols -- 8 Liquid Fuels -- 8.1 Occurrence and Processing -- 8.2 Properties of Oil Fuels -- 8.3 Combustion of Liquid Fuels -- 8.4 Pressure Jet Burners --
8.5 Rotary Cup Burners -- 8.6 Twin-fluid Atomisers -- 8.7 Storage of Liquid Fuels -- 8.8 References -- 9 Solid Fuels -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Coal Classification -- 9.3 Coal Properties -- 9.4 Coal Combustion -- 9.5 Coal Storage and
Handling -- 9.6 References -- 10 Emissions from Combustion Plant -- 10.1 Environmental Considerations -- 10.2 The Greenhouse Effect -- 10.3 Carbon Dioxide Emissions -- 10.4 Carbon Monoxide -- 10.5 Oxides of Nitrogen -- 10.6 Oxides of
Sulphur -- 10.7 Particulate Emissions -- 10.8 List of Symbols -- 10.9 References -- 11 Flues and Chimneys -- 11 Functions of the Flue System -- 12 Chimney Heat Transfer -- 13 Pressure Loss -- 11.4 Chimney Location -- 11.5 List of
Symbols -- 11.6 References
ISBN:9781447120711
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Thermodynamics , Electric power production , Mechanical engineering , Physics , Thermodynamics , Mechanical Engineering , Energy Technology , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9789401120746:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structures and Conformations of Non-Rigid Molecules
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (646 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2074-6
Contents:Theory -- 1. The Symmetry Groups and Rotation-Vibration Energy Levels of Some Very Nonrigid Molecules -- 2. Vibration-Inversion-Torsion-Rotation Energy Levels and Vibrational Resonances in the Methylamine Molecules -- 3. The Excited
State Dynamics of Conjugated Molecules: Theoretical Studies of Slow Vibrations -- Vibrational Spectroscopy -- 4. Vibrational Potential Energy Surfaces of Non-Rigid Molecules in Ground and Excited Electronic States -- 5. Structural
Information on Large Amplitude Motions -- 6. Conformational Stability of Five-Membered Ring Molecules -- 7. The Structure and Dynamics of Van Der Waals Molecules -- 8. Applications of Asymmetric Top Contour Simulation to Conformational
Equilibria -- Microwave Spectroscopy -- 9. Large Amplitude Motions in Two Ring Molecules -- 10. Rotational Studies of Four-and Five-Membered Ring Molecules -- 11. Large Amplitude Motions in Molecular Complexes -- 12. Accurate
Structures of Non-Rigid Molecules by Microwave Spectroscopy -- 13. Tunneling Motions in Sulfur Dioxide Complexes -- 14. Recent Gas-Phase Studies of Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding -- 15. Millimeter- and Submillimeter-Wave Spectroscopy
of Non-Rigid Transient Molecules: Analysis of Silane and Acetylene Plasmas -- Ab Initio Calculations -- 16. The Cis Monobridged Equilibrium Geometries of Si2H2, Ge2H2, Al2H2, and Ga2H2: A Fundamentally New Type of Molecular Structure
-- 17. Ab Initio Anharmonic Vibrational Analyses of Non-Rigid Molecules -- 18. The Use of Natural Coordinates in Molecular Geometry Optimizations -- 19. Ab Initio Molecular Orbital Calculations of the Infrared Spectra of Interacting
Water Molecules. Complexes of Water With Carbon Dioxide and Nitrous Oxide. -- 20. Large Amplitude Motion In Oxalyl Chloride -- Electron Diffraction -- 21. Gas-Phase electron Diffraction Applied to Molecules Undergoing Large-Amplitude
Motion -- 22. Conformational Analysis By Gas Electron Diffraction -- 23. Linear, Bent, and Quasilinear Molecules -- 24. Structures and Conformational Analysis of Monosubstituted Cyclopropanes of the Type: c-Pr-XY and c-Pr-CH -XY (X =
Si,Ge Y = H,F,Cl) -- 25. Small Forces and Large Molecular Distortions -- 26. Gas-Phase Structures and Conformational Properties of Malonic Acid Derivatives, {CY2(COX)2}, as Studied By Electron Diffraction and ab Initio Calculations --
Electronic Excited States, Fluorescence Spectra, and Dynamics -- 27. Molecular Conformations in Electronic Excited States -- 28. A Comparison of the Methyl Torsion and Aldehyde Wagging Dynamics in the Ground and First Excited States of
Acetaldehyde and Thioacetaldehyde -- 29. Isolation and Assignment of Organic Molecular Conformers via Laser Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Jet-Cooled Molecular Beams -- 30. The Structure and Dynamics of Van Der Waals Clusters as
Studied by Formation of Negative Cluster Ions
ISBN:9789401120746
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 410
Keywords: Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Physical chemistry , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9783642881220:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rossby Vortices, Spiral Structures, Solitons Astrophysics and Plasma Physics in Shallow Water Experiments
Author(s): Mikhail V Nezlin
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (223 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88122-0
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. The Natural Phenomena Simulated in Rotating Shallow Water Experiments -- 2.1 Length, Rotation Velocity, and Lifetime of the Structures -- 2.2 Large-Scale, Long-Lived Rossby Vortices in the Atmospheres of Giant
Planets. The Cyclone-Anticyclone Asymmetry -- 2.3 Rossby Vortices in the Oceans -- 2.4 Spiral Structures in Galaxies -- 3. Common Features of the Simulated Natural Phenomena -- 3.1 Quasi-Two-Dimensionality -- 3.2 Structure Generation
by Flows with Horizontal Velocity Shear -- 3.3 Horizontal Dimensions Exceeding the Characteristic Rossby Radius -- 4. Physical Prerequisites of the Laboratory Simulation of Large-Scale Rossby Vortices and Galactic Spiral Structures --
4.1 The Analogy Between Two-Dimensional Gas Dynamics and the Dynamics of Shallow Water -- 4.2 Principal Similarity Parameters in Nature and Experiment -- 5. Physical Basis for the Experimental Investigation of Rossby Solitons and
Laboratory Simulation of Drift Vortices and Solitons in Magnetized Plasma -- 5.1 Two-Dimensional Motion of Charged Particles in Magnetized Plasma and Particles in Rotating Shallow Water -- 5.2 General Nonlinear Equation for Drift
Motion -- 5.3 Linear Rossby Waves and Plasma Drift Waves -- 5.4 Linear Packet of Rossby Waves and the Time of its Dispersion Decay. Definition of a Soliton -- 5.5 Nonlinear Rossby Waves: Vortices and Solitons -- 5.6 Viscous Damping of
Rossby Vortices -- 6. Experimental Configurations -- 6.1 Geometry and Rotation Regime of the Vessels for the Observation of Rossby Solitons -- 6.2 Techniques for Local Generation of Rossby Vortices -- 6.3 Devices for Generating Rossby
Vortices by Counterflows -- 6.4 Devices for the Simulation of Galactic Spiral Structures -- 6.5 Diagnostic Techniques -- 7. Laboratory Simulation of Rossby Vortices and Solitons in Planetary Atmospheres and Oceans -- 7.1 Generation of
Rossby Vortex Chains by Zonal Counterflows in Rotating Shallow Water. The Cyclone-Anticyclone Asymmetry -- 7.2 Self-Organizing Solitary Anticyclonic Rossby Vortex in Zonal Flows as a Model of Jovian Great Red Spot -- 7.3 Regularity in
the Generation of Chains with Different Numbers of Vortices and the Problems of Uniqueness and Stationarity of the JGRS -- 7.4 Two- and Three-Dimensional Models of the JGRS -- 7.5 Alternative JGRS Laboratory Models -- 7.6 Stationary
Rossby Vortices in Flows and the Blocking Phenomenon -- 8. Laboratory Simulation of Galactic Spiral Structures -- 8.1 Generation of Spiral Structures in Differentially Rotating Shallow Water -- 8.2 Spiral-Vortex Structures -- 8.3 The
Common Mechanism Generating Solitary Rossby Vortices in Planetary Atmospheres and Spirals in Galaxies -- 8.4 Asymmetrical and Outbranching Spirals -- 8.5 The Influence of Viscosity and Friction -- 8.6 Laboratory Simulation and
Astronomical Observations. Predictions for Astronomers -- 9. Rossby Vortices and Solitons in Free Motion -- 9.1 A Short History of the Experiments -- 9.2 Rossby Solitons in the Laboratory and Their Properties -- 9.3 Collisions of
Rossby Vortices -- 9.4 Cyclone-Anticyclone Asymmetry -- 9.5 Quasi-Two-Dimensionality of Rossby Vortices. The Non-Principal Role of Viscosity -- 9.6 Vortex-Wave Dualism -- 9.7 Comparison between Experiment and Theory -- 10. Solitonic
Model of Natural Vortices -- 10.1 Solitonic Model of the JGRS and Other Large-Scale, Long-Lived Vortices in Planetary Atmospheres -- 10.2 An Alternative Model of the JGRS: Numerical Calculation -- 10.3 Solitonic Vortices in the Oceans
-- 11. Dipolar Rossby Vortices -- 11.1 Preliminary Experiments -- 11.2 Dipolar Vortex Decay for Moderate Liquid Depths -- 11.3 Solitonic Properties of Dipolar Vortices for Large Liquid Depths -- 12. Shallow-Water Simulation of Drift
Vortices and Solitons in Magnetized Plasma -- 12.1 Prediction of Drift Soliton Properties Based on Shallow-Water Simulation. Drawbacks of the “Purely Wave” Concept -- 12.2 Vortical Mechanism for the Enhanced Diffusion of Plasma Across
a Strong Magnetic Field -- 13. Conclusion -- S. Supplements -- References
ISBN:9783642881220
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Space sciences , Atoms , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401579773:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Marine Pelagic Cyanobacteria: Trichodesmium and other Diazotrophs
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (358 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-7977-3
Contents:1 Overview of the Advanced Research Workshop on Bloom-Forming Marine Cyanobacteria -- 2 Trichodesmium: Ultrastructure and Protein Localization -- 3 Oxygen Cycling in Cyanobacteria, With Special Reference to Oxygen Protection in
Trichodesmium spp. -- 4 Oxygen dynamics in Trichodesmium spp. dynamics -- 5 Grazers and Associated Organisms of Trichodesmium -- 6 Trophodynamics of marine cyanobacteria blooms -- 7 Spatio-temporal dynamics of the cyanobacterial blooms
in the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea -- 8 N2 fixation in non-heterocystous cyanobacteria: an overview -- 9 The gas vesicles and buoyancy of Trichodesmium -- 10 Marine nitrogen-fixing diatom — cyanobacteria symbioses -- 11 Discoloured
waters in the Melanesian Archipelago (New Caledonia and Vanuatu). The value of the Nimbus-7 Coastal Zone Colour Scanner observations -- 12 Development of algorithms for remote sensing of Trichodesmium blooms -- 13 Nitrogen fixation in
Trichodesmium blooms -- 14 Trichodesmium blooms and new nitrogen in the North Pacific Gyre -- 15 Buoyancy regulation and vertical migration of Trichodesmium: a computer-model prediction -- 16 Molecular biology of nitrogen fixation in
natural populations of marine cyanobacteria -- 17 Pelagic Trichodesmium (=Oscillatoria) in the Great Barrier Reef region -- 18 Effect of Trichodesmium blooms on water quality in the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon -- 19 Iron nutrition of
Trichodesmium -- 20 Trichodesmium: Establishment of culture and characteristics of N2 — fixation -- 21 The toxicity of Trichodesmium blooms from Caribbean waters -- 22 Superoxide dismutase as a protective enzyme against oxygen
toxicity: an overview and initial studies in Trichodesmium -- 23 Trichodesmium blooms in the Gulf of Thailand
ISBN:9789401579773
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 362
Keywords: Life sciences , Ecology , Aquatic ecology , Life Sciences , Freshwater & Marine Ecology , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783642500916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microgravity Fluid Mechanics IUTAM Symposium Bremen 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (611 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-50091-6
Contents:1st Session Interface Phenomena of Pure Fluids under Isothermal Conditions -- Static and dynamic response of liquid bridges -- On accurate determination of contact angle -- Liquid bridge ocsillations: analytical and numerical results
-- Viscosity effects on the dynamics of long axisymmetric liquid bridges -- Vibrational behavior of amphora liquid columns in microgravity fields -- 1st Poster Session Interface Phenomena I -- Marangoni-convection in a non-spherical
liquid drop -- Some problems raised by Marangoni instability in spherical geometry -- Marangoni convection in drops under microgravity conditions -- Stationary Marangoni instability in a liquid layer due to non-isothermal gas
absorption -- Three-dimensional transient simulation of Marangoni flow in a cylindrical enclosure under various gravity levels -- Influence of the temperature gradient on the oscillatory instabilities of thermocapillary flow at a
rotating interface -- Simultaneous measurement of the temperature and velocity field in thermocapillary convections of bubbles -- Influence of the electromagnetic, g-jitter or thermocapillary forces on the stability of the stationary
buoyancy convection -- The influence of high frequency tangential vibrations on the stability of the fluid interfaces in microgravity -- Thermocapillary flows and deformations of the surface in the systems of fluid layers with the
longitudinal temperature gradient in microgravity -- 2nd Session Residual Acceleration Effects, Fluid Handling -- Fluid management under micro-gravity conditions in technical applications -- The sensitivity of a non-isothermal liquid
bridge to residual acceleration -- Effect of g-jitter on liquid free surfaces in microgravity -- Theoretical investigation of the rotating disks flow of one and two-phase fluids in microgravity -- Transient convection caused by
acceleration disturbances -- 3rd Session Convection Induced by Interface-Tension-Gradients: Marangoni-Effects -- Experimental studies of thermal Marangoni-effects -- Upper layer flow phenomena in two immiscible liquid layers subject to
a horizontal temperature gradient -- Surface waves in a free liquid-gas interface by oscillatory Marangoni convection -- Thermocapillary convection in a magnetic field -- Experimental investigation of the management of large-sized
drops and the onset of Marangoni-convection -- 2nd Poster Session Interface Phenomena II, Convective Processes, Solidification -- Bubble migration under the combined action of buoyancy and thermocapillarity -- Effects of the natural
convection on fuel droplet evaporation -- Thermal convection in microgravity during a slow rotation -- Stability of a spherical and a catenoidal liquid bridge between two parallel plates in the absence of gravitiy -- Equilibrium
shapes, stability and dynamical behaviour of liquid captive menisci under gravitational, centrifugal and electrical fields -- Linear stability of Marangoni-Hartmann-convection -- Numerical analysis of the sensitivity of crystal growth
experiments to spacecraft residual acceleration -- Thermocapillary bubble migration — an Oseen-like analysis of the energy equation -- Applications of bifurcation theory to the problem of rotating liquid drops in space -- Surface
tension effects on the onset of double-diffusive convection -- 4th Session Combustion, Physico-Chemical Processes, Multiphase Phenomena -- Computational/experimental basis for conducting alkane droplet combustion experiments on
space-based-platforms -- Ignition delay of premixed gases under microgravity conditions -- Velocity measurement by PIV in flames -- Stability of the vapour phase in a rotating two-phase fluid system subjected to different gravitational
intensities -- Mathematical modelling of microsphere formation under short-time weightlessness -- 5th Session Convection Induced by Interface-Tension-Gradients: Bubbles and Drops -- Thermocapillary motion of bubbles and drops --
Thermocapillary migration of bubbles at moderately large Reynolds numbers -- Drop and bubble migration at moderate Reynolds and Marangoni numbers -- Capillary effects associated with the motion of a droplet in a homogeneous medium --
Steady and oscillating convection phenomena caused by an air bubble beneath a heated wall -- 3rd Poster Session Applications -- Distortions of parallel flow in continuous flow electrophoresis -- Propellent management for satellite
propulsion system under microgravity -- Fire modelling under microgravity conditions -- Thermal scaling of two-phase heat transport systems for space: predictions versus results of experiments -- Experimental study of capillary effects
for fluid management under microgravity conditions -- Microgravity liquid-gas interface configuration and surface-tension device design -- Modelling of binary systems with a miscibility gap behaviour under weightlessness and
quasi-weightlessness -- Measurement of the thermal conductivity of fluids with low viscosity under microgravity -- Free motion of an unsupported tank that is partially filled with liquid -- Calibration of thermal anemometer at very low
Reynolds numbers under microgravity -- 6th Session Non-Newtonian Fluid Flows, Solidification, Applications -- Particle migration at melting and solidification fronts -- Thermal convection of non-newtonian fluids under low gravity
conditions -- Solidification of a liquid sphere in weightlessness -- Investigation of density driven large-scale ocean motion under microgravity -- Panel Discussion (Synthesis) -- Contributors
ISBN:9783642500916
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Mechanics , Fluids , Automotive engineering , Physics , Mechanics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Automotive Engineering , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9781461529026:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Produced Water Technological/Environmental Issues and Solutions
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (632 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-2902-6
Contents:Management Concerns -- A Survey of Produced Water Studies -- The Composition of Produced Water from Shell Operated Oil and Gas Production in the North Sea -- Review of the Cost-Effectiveness of EPA’s Offshore Oil and Gas Effluent
Guidelines -- Procedure for Development of Contingency Plans to Mitigate Produced Water Releases on BLM Lands -- Development of a Product Screening Protocol for Evaluating Environmental Effects of Oilfield Chemicals -- Modeling
Approaches -- Modeling Offshore Discharges of Produced Water -- An Analysis of Management Strategies for Produced Waters from Natural Gas Production -- A Statistical Model to Predict Toxicity of Saline Produced Waters to Freshwater
Organisms -- Chemical Characterization -- A Comprehensive Determination of Produced Water Composition -- Chemical and Toxicological Characterization of Produced Water Freon Extracts -- Specific Toxic Organics in Produced Waters from
In-Situ Heavy Oil Recovery Operations in Western Canada -- Sources, Characteristics, and Management of Produced Waters from Natural Gas Production and Storage Operations -- Characterization of Produced Waters from Natural Gas
Production and Storage Operations: Regulatory Analysis of a Complex Matrix -- Toxicity -- Use of Laboratory Toxicity Data for Evaluating the Environmental Acceptability of Produced Water Discharge to Surface Waters -- Toxicity
Identification and Characteristics of Produced Water Discharges from Colorado and Wyoming -- A Comparative Evaluation of Produced Water Toxicity -- Identification of Toxicity in Low-TDS Produced Waters -- An Approach to Toxicant
Isolation from a Produced Water Source in the Santa Barbara Channel -- Short-Term Chronic Toxicity of Produced Water and its Variability as a Function of Sample Time and Discharge Rate -- Toxicity Testing and Chemical Characterization
of Produced Water — a Preliminary Study -- Radioactivity -- Radiochemical Determination of Norm in Produced Water Utilizing Wet Chemistry Separation Followed by Radiochemical Analysis -- Radium Fate and Oil Removal for Discharged
Produced Sand -- Produced Water Radionuclides Fate and Effects -- Radium Concentration Factors and Their use in Health and Environmental Risk Assessment -- Health Risk Assessment for Radium Discharged in Produced Waters -- Fate and
Effect -- Biological Fate and Effect of Coalbed Methane Produced Waters Discharged into Streams of the Warrior Basin, Alabama -- Surface Discharge of Coalbed Methane Produced Waters in the Warrior Basin of Alabama, the Cedar Cove Model
-- Produced Water Impacts in Louisiana Coastal Waters -- Fate and Effects of Produced Water Discharges in Coastal Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico, USA -- Composition, Fate and Effects of Produced Water Discharges to Nearshore Marine Waters
-- Spatial Scale of Ecological Effects Associated with an Open Coast Discharge of Produced Water -- Use of Noninvasive NMR Spectroscopy and Imaging for Assessing Produced Water Effects on Mussel Reproduction -- Effects of Produced
Water on Settlement of Larvae: Field Tests using Red Abalone -- Effects of Produced Water on Early Life Stages of a Sea Urchin: Stage-Specific Responses and Delayed Expression -- Sublethal Effects of Produced Water from Crude Oil
Terminals on the Clam Donax faba -- Methods Development and New Technology -- A Protocol for Determining Oil and Grease in Produced Waters -- Investigations into the use of Modified Zeolites for Removing Benzene, Toluene, and Xylene
from Saline Produced Water -- Recent Advances in the Application of Membrane Technology for the Removal of Oil and Suspended Solids from Produced Waters -- Sulphate Separation from Seawater by Nanofiltration -- Initial Design
Considerations for a Cost Effective Treatment of Stripper Oil Well Produced Water -- Bioreclamation of Oilfield Produced Wastewaters: Characterization and Feasibility Study -- Use of Solar Ponds to Reclaim Salt Products from Brine
Waters from Oil and Gas well Operations in New York -- Subsurface Disposal of Produced Waters: An Alberta Perspective -- Water Reuse Testing at Shell’s Peace River Complex -- Overview of the Produced Water System at the Prudhoe Bay
Unit — Alaska, North Slope -- Production Water/Waste Treatment and Site Remediation Technology Database for the Natural Gas Industry -- Treatment and Disposal of Wastwaters Produced with Coalbed Methane by Reverse Osmosis -- Conversion
Table -- Authors Index
ISBN:9781461529026
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 46
Keywords: Life sciences , Organic chemistry , Physical chemistry , Ecology , Environmental management , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Life Sciences , Ecology , Environmental Management , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Physical Chemistry , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789401134262:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Turbulent Motion and the Structure of Chaos A New Approach to the Statistical Theory of Open Systems
Author(s): Yu. L Klimontovich
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (401 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-3426-2
Contents:I.1. The Criteria of the Relative Degree of Order of the States of Open Systems -- I.2. Connection Between the Statistical and the Dynamic Descriptions of Motions in Macroscopic Open Systems. The Constructive Role of Dynamic
Instability of Motion -- I.3. The Transition from Reversible to Irreversible Equations. The Gibbs Ensemble in the Statistical Theory of Nonequilibrium Processes -- I.4. The Role of Fluctuations at Different Levels of Description.
Fluctuation Dissipation Relations -- I.5. Brownian Motion in Open Systems. Molecular and Turbulent Sources of Fluctuations -- I.6. Laminar and Turbulent Motion -- 1. Evolution of Entropy and Entropy Production in Open Systems -- 1.1.
Chaos and Order. The Controlling Parameters. Physical Chaos. Evolution and Self-Organization in Open systems -- 1.2. Boltzmann-Shannon-Gibbs Entropy -- 1.3. Entropy Distribution Function -- 1.4. The Gibbs Ensemble. Smoothing over the
Physically Infinitesimal Volume. Entropy Including Fluctuations. Space (Time) and Phase Averages. Local Ergodicity Condition -- 1.5. The Kinetic Boltzmann Equation for Statistical and Smoothed Distribuions. Physically Infinitesimal
Scales. The Constructive Role of the Dynamic Instability of Motion of Atoms in a Gas -- 1.6. The Role of Nonequilibrium Fluctuations in a Boltzmann Gas. Molecular and Turbulent Sources of Fluctuations -- 1.7. The Kinetic Equations for
the N-Particle Distribution Functions. The Leontovich Equation -- 1.8. Boltzmann’s H-Theorem for Smoothed (Pulsating) and Deterministic Distributions -- 1.9. Entropy and Entropy Production for Smoothed and Deterministic Distributions
-- 1.10. The Gibbs’ Theorem -- 1.11. H-Theorem for Open Systems. Kulback Entropy -- 1.12. Evolution in the Space of Controlling Parameters. The S-Theorem -- 1.13. The S-Theorem. Local Formulation -- 1.14. The Comparison of the Relative
Degree of Order of States on the Basis of the S-Theorem Using Experimental Data -- 1.15. Dynamic and Statistical Descriptions of Complex Motions. K-Entropy, Lyapunov Indices. Nonlinear Characteristics of the Trajectory Divergence --
1.16. Criteria of Dynamic Instability of Motion in Statistical Theory -- 1.17. Entropy as Measure of Diversity in Biological Evolution -- 1.18. The Principle of Minimum Entropy Production in Self-Organization Processes -- 2. Transition
From the Reversible Equations of Mechanics to the Irreversible Equations of the Statistical Theory -- 2.1. Two Types of Reversible Processes. Symmetry Properties of Distribution Functions -- 2.2. Liouville Equation and Vlasov Equation.
The First Moments and the “Collisionless” Approximations -- 2.3. Reversible Equations in Quantum Statistical Theory -- 2.4. Two Types of Dissipative Kinetic Equations for N-Particle Distributions -- 2.5. Measure of Deficiency
(Incompleteness) of the Statistical Description -- 2.6. The Hierarchy of Equations of Fluid Mechanics -- 3. Fluctuation Dissipation Relations -- 3.1. Examples of Fluctuation Dissipation Relations -- 3.2. FDR for N-Particle Distribution
Functions -- 3.3. Thermodynamic Form of the FDR. The Callen-Welton Formula -- 3.4. FDR for a Boltzmann gas. The Fluctuative Representation of Boltzmann Collision Integral -- 3.5. FDR for Large-Scale (Kinetic) Fluctuations -- 3.6.
Examples of FDR for Large-Scale Fluctuations -- 3.7. System of Quantum Atoms Oscillators -- 3.8. Fluctuation Dissipation Relations in Hydrodynamics -- 3.9. Two Ways of Defining Kinetic Coefficients -- 3.10. The Molecular Langevin
Source in the Difffusion Equation -- 3.11. Connection between the Intensities of Langevin Sources and the Correlator of of Phase Density Fluctuations -- 3.12. Natural Flicker Noise (“1/f Noise”). FDR for Flicker Noise -- 3.13. Natural
Flicker Noise and Superconductivity -- 4. Brownian Motion -- 4.1. Fokker-Planck and Langevin Equations -- 4.2. Three Definitions of the Langevin and Fokker-Planck Equations -- 4.3. The Fokker-Planck Equations in the Statistical Theory
of Nonequilibrium Processes -- 4.4. Transition to the Fokker-Planck Equation from the Smoluchowski equation (the Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation) and from the Master Equation -- 4.5. Langevin.Sources in Kinetic Equations -- 4.6. Langevin
Sources in Fokker-Planck and Einstein-Smoluchowski Equations -- 4.7. Turbulent Langevin Sources and Fluctuation Dissipation Relations in Hydrodynamics -- 4.8. Brownian Motion in Systems with a Variable Number of Particles. -- 5. The
Boltzmann-Gibbs-Shannon Entropy As Measure of the Relative Degree of Order in Open Systems -- 5.1. Van der Pol Generator -- 5.2. Generator with Inertial Nonlinearity -- 5.3. Invariant Measures. Examples of Gibbs Distributions for Open
Systems -- 5.4. Generalized Van Der Pol Generators. Bifurcations of the Limiting Cycle Energy and the Period of Oscillations -- 5.5. Dynamic and Statistical Distributions -- 5.6. Comparison Between the Degrees of Order in the
Bifurcation Points and in the State of Dynamic Chaos -- 5.7. Evolution of Entropy in Systems with Two Controlling Parameters -- 5.8. A Medium of Linked Generators. The Kinetic Approach in the Theory of Self-Organization -- 5.9. A
System of Van der Pol Generators with Common Feedback. Associative Memory and Pattern Recognition -- 5.10. Kinetic Description of Chemically Reacting Systems -- 5.11. A Medium of Bistable Elements. The Kinetic Approach in the Theory of
Phase Transitions -- 6. Turbulent Motion. The Structure of Chaos -- 6.1. Characteristic Features of Turbulent Motion. The Main Problems -- 6.2. Incompressible Fluid. Reynolds Equations. Reynolds Stresses -- 6.3. Well-Developed
Turbulence. Turbulent Viscosity -- 6.4. Semiempirical Prandtl-Karman Theory of Turbulence -- 6.5. Onset of Turbulence in Steady Couette and Poiseuille Flows -- 6.6. Entropy Production in Laminar and Turbulent Flows -- 6.7. The
Principle of Least Dissipation and the Principle of Minimum Entropy Production in Self-Organization Processes -- 6.8. Evolution of Entropy in the Transition from Laminar to Turbulent Flow -- 6.9. Kinetic Description of Hydrodynamic
Motion -- Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9789401134262
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 42
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Continuum physics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Statistics , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Physical Chemistry , Statistics, general , Classical Continuum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783642846373:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heat Transfer in Radiating and Combusting Systems Proceedings of EUROTHERM Seminar No. 17, 8–10 October 1990, Cascais, Portugal
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (619 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-84637-3
Contents:1: Gas Radiation -- Invited Lecture — Gas Radiation Spectral Correlated Approaches for Industrial Applications -- Spectral Gas Effects in Gas-Fired Furnaces -- Experimental and Theoretical Studies on the Radiative Properties of CO2 at
High Temperature: Application to Diagnostic -- Experimental Studies of a Methane/Air Counterflow Flame Doped with NO -- 2: Heat Transfer in Flames -- Invited Lecture — The Calculation of Local Fluctuations in Non Premixed Turbulent
Flames -- Modelling of Thermally Radiating Diffusion Flames with Detailed Chemistry and Transport -- Calculations of Velocity, Composition and Temperature Fields in a Model Swirl Combustor with a Reynolds-Stress Transport Turbulence
Model -- Numerical Prediction of Flame Image -- The Role of Radiation in Microgravity Flame Structures and Behavior -- 3: Particle Phase — Gas Phase Radiative and Convective Interaction -- Invited Lecture — Simulation of Particle
Multiple Scattering and Applications to Particle Diagnosis -- Sensitivity of Radiative Transfer to Refractive Index of Fly Ash in High Temperature Environment -- Modelling Optical Properties of Air CO2-H2O-Soot Mixtures for Enginee
ring Calculations -- The Radiative Properties of Soot Agglomerates -- Spectropyrometric Determinations of Local Particles Gas Temperatures in a Pulverised Coal Flame -- Radiation Tomography of Sooting Diffusion Flames -- 4:
Measurements of Radiative and Convective Heat Transfer -- Invited Lecture — Review of Non-Intrusive Measuring Procedures Applied to Radiative Gases -- A New Infrared Emission-Absorption Pyrometer for Dust — Air Explosions Temperature
Measurements -- Instantaneous Temperature Profile Measurements, in a Flame by Infrared Line Thermometry Technique -- Simultaneous Measurement of Temperature and Density of Burnt Gases by an Infrared Radiation Computed Tomography --
Quick Measuring Technique for Flames (QMF) -- Thermographic Detection of Bond Defects within Models of Solid Propellant Motors -- 5: Heat Transfer in Combustion Equipment -- Invited Lecture — Heat Transfer in Industrial Furnaces --
Modelling Radiative Heat Transfer in Pulverised Coal-Fired Furnaces -- Mathematical Modelling of Heat Transfer in an Industrial Glass Furnace -- Mathematical Modelling of Thermal NOx Emissions in Combustion Chambers -- Heat Transfer
Predictions in Aircraft Engines Combustors and Reheats -- Influence of the Pressure-Ratio on Radiative Heat Transfer in Gas Turbine Combustors -- Radiation Characteristics of Surface Combustion Burners -- Simulation of Radiation Heat
Exchangers -- Heat Transfer to Pipes Submerged in Turbulent Jet Diffusion Flames -- Radiation Heat Transfer in the MHD Generator -- An Improvement in Calculating the Thermal Fields in the Piston-Cylinder System -- 6: Heat Transfer in
Fires -- Invited Lecture — Heat Transfer in Building Fires -- On the Field Modelling of Fire using Parallel Processors -- Radiative Transfer at the Surface of a Small Scale Pool Fire Under the Influence of External Radiation --
Combined Convective and Conductive Effects within an Upstream Flow Along a Vertical Fuel Surface -- A “Two-Fluid” Approach to the Modelling of Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flames -- Three-Dimensional Natural Convection-Radiation
Interactions in a Differentially Heated Cube Filled with Gas/Soot Mixtures
ISBN:9783642846373
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:EUROTHERM Seminars : 17
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Fluids , Thermodynamics , Automotive engineering , Manufacturing industries , Machines , Tools , Physics , Thermodynamics , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Manufacturing, Machines, Tools , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Automotive Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400906297:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Mathematics in Industry
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (564 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0629-7
Contents:Invited Speakers -- On non-linear magnetostatics: dual-complementary models and “mixed” numerical methods -- Modeling for field-effect transistors -- Supercomputers — 1988 -- Simulated annealing: theory of the past, practice of the
future? -- Domain decomposition for a generalized Stokes problem -- Mathematical simulation and optimization of chemical plants -- Mini-Symposium 1 -- Numerically intensive computing -- Fomulation of a sea model with continuous density
stratification in the vertical -- Electroplating simulation -- Elastic modelling on the IBM 3090 vector multiprocessor -- Solving a model interface problem for the Laplace operator by boundary collocation and applications --
Mini-Symposium 2 -- On flow-induced vibrations of overhead transmission lines -- Non-linear free vibrations of coupled spans of suspended cables -- Vibrations of overhead transmission lines: computations and experiments -- On the
modeling of a continuous oscillator by oscillators with a finite number of degrees of freedom -- Mini-Symposium 3 -- Some novel partial differential equations problems arising in industry -- Modeling coronas and space charge phenomena
-- Temperature surges in thermistors -- Mixed hyperbolic-elliptic systems in industrial problems -- Contributed Papers -- Linear and non-linear approximation of power density spectra with linear dynamical filter systems -- Modelling
software reliability from run-time data -- Software simulation of model reference adaptive control systems -- Effective length of an ultrafiltration device -- Truncated sequential tests for material control problems -- On the
approximation of free vibration modes of a general thin shell application to turbine blades -- Integration algorithms for the dynamic simulation of production processes -- Multicomponent flow computation with application to steam
condensers -- Natural convection within a droplet as a result of a chemical reaction on its surface -- Unwanted compartment fires: zone modelling the onset of hazardous conditions -- A tree search approach based on an assignment
relaxation for the solution of set covering problems -- Making a workpiece with spiral turns by means of forming cutters -- State variables feedback control of stepping motors with flexible shaft -- Application of mathematics to heat
processing in the meat industry -- Numerical modelling of conjugate heat transfer in an advanced gas-cooled reactor fuelstandpipe -- Restoration of NMR images -- An on-line augmented price correction technique for hierarchical control
of interconnected industrial processes -- A least-squares fitting technique for use with large non-linear plant models -- Spline approximation of offset curves and offset surfaces -- Diffusion flame ignition by a recirculating flow --
On the real-time simulation and control of the continuous casting process -- Simulation of VLSI circuits: relaxation techniques -- Development of models for flashing two-phase jet releases from pressurised containment -- Robust
recursive estimation: the Lp approach -- Numerical approximation of free boundary problems in polymer crystallization -- Ignition/extinction phenomena: an investigation of parametric sensitivity for a strongly non-linear
reaction-diffusion system -- On the methods for optimal shape design -- Steady-state optimization of large gas networks -- Modelling and control of acid-base blending systems -- The prediction of cyclic plastic strain growth behaviour
for severe thermal loading problems in structural engineering using upper bound methods and linear programming -- Three problems in the integration of electric circuits by ROW-type methods -- Controller design for industrial multipass
processes -- Computer-integrated production-planning and inventory-control at an automobile-engine producer -- Numerical solution of a liquid crystal problem by optimization -- LACTEO: A dairy management and forecasting system --
Identification of amplitude and phase discontinuities in the intensity signal of a Nd-YAG solid state laser -- Gel electrophoresis and graph matching -- Mathematical models of silicon chip fabrication -- On a partial
integro-differential equation related to the dynaliser concept for industrial rubber materials
ISBN:9789400906297
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry : 5
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical models , Engineering , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400906051:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physical Processes in Fragmentation and Star Formation Proceedings of the Workshop on ‘Physical Processes in Fragmentation and Star Formation’, Held in Monteporzio Catone (Rome), Italy, June 5–11, 1989
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (492 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0605-1
Contents:1. Atomic, Molecular Processes, Turbulence, and Magnetic Field in Fragmentation -- Chemistry and star formation -- Molecular cloud chemistry with mixing -- Collapse and fragmentation of molecular clouds -- On the role of molecular
hydrogen in the formation and evolution of blue compact dwarf galaxies and giant HII regions -- NLTE H2 cooling function and protogalactic evolution -- Radiative shocks and nonequilibrium chemistry in the early universe: Galaxy and
primordial star formation -- The intergalactic medium: initial and boundary conditions for Galaxy and primeval star formation -- Supersonic turbulent fragmentation of giant molecular clouds -- Turbulence in the frame of the evolution
of a self-gravitating protocloud -- Fragmentation and supersonic turbulence in self-gravitating gas clouds -- Fragmentation and collapse in magnetic molecular clouds: natural length scales and protostellar masses -- 2. Star Formation
in Different Astrophysical Environments -- Perception of interstellar structure: facing complexity -- Interstellar gas cycling powered by star formation -- Star complex formation in differentially rotating superclouds -- Global star
formation in the L1630 molecular cloud -- Observations of fragmentation -- Extrasolar planetary material -- Star formation and dissipation in galactic discs -- Star formation in star burst galaxies -- The new brilliant blue compact
dwarf galaxy: a test on the early stages of galaxy evolution -- Star formation in elliptical galaxies -- Star formation in distant galaxies -- The early evolution of spheroidal star systems -- 3.Hydrodynamical and Dynamical Models --
Fragmentation of isothermal and non-isothermal protostellar clouds -- Protostellar core instabilities -- A multifluid hydrodynamical radiative model for the evolution of a spherical protogalaxy -- Thermal instabilities in the warm
interstellar gas as a regulating mechanism of star formation -- Evolution of the first protostellar core -- Numerical hydrodynamics of cloud implosion -- 4. The Initial Mass Function -- A review on IMF theories -- Fragmentation
theories and the IMF -- The initial mass function of very low mass stars and the significance of brown dwarfs -- Multimodality of star formation -- 5. Star Clusters: Fragmentation and Star Formation -- Formation of star clusters -- The
initial mass functions of magellanic cloud star clusters -- Are there large variations among IMFs of LMC clusters? -- Star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud -- Formation and disruption of open clusters -- 6. Discussion on the low
mass end of the imf and concluding remarks -- Discussion on the low mass end of the IMF -- Radio-observation perspectives and star formation -- Concluding remarks -- Key Word Index
ISBN:9789400906051
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 162
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9783642483752:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energetic Charged-Particle Interactions with Atmospheres and Surfaces
Author(s): Robert E Johnson
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (232 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-48375-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- Background -- Plasma Environment -- Materials -- Overview of Effects Produced -- Units -- 2 Collision Physics -- Impact Parameter Cross Sections -- Elastic Collisions -- Interaction Potentials -- Inelastic Collisions
-- Two-State Models: Charge Exchange -- Stopping Cross Section: Summary -- Appendix to Chapter 2 -- 3 Interaction with Surfaces -- Particle Penetration and Implantation -- Secondary Particles and the Partitioning of Energy -- Spatial
Distribution of Deposited Energy -- Chemical Alterations in the Gas Phase -- Solid State Radiolysis -- Sputtering of a Solid -- Sputtering of Multicomponent Materials -- Mixing, Adhesion, and Desorption -- Electronically Induced
Desorption -- Sputtering of a Solid: Electronic Stimulation -- Track Production -- Chemical Effects in Sputtering -- Appendix to Chapter 3 -- 4 Plasma Erosion and Modification of Natural Surfaces and Atmospheres -- Plasma Bombardment
-- Sputter Erosion -- Changes in Surface Albedos -- Alteration of Surfaces -- Formation of New Molecules in the Surface -- Atmospheric Alterations -- Sputtering vs. Sublimation -- Sputtering in the Presence of Gravity -- Atmospheric
Escape -- Plasma Heating and Production of an Extended Corona -- Production of a Neutral Torus -- Accumulation of a Magnetospheric Plasma -- Summary -- Appendix to Chapter 4 -- References -- List of Symbols -- Bibliography of Useful
Texts and Reviews
ISBN:9783642483752
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Physics and Chemistry in Space Planetology: 19
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geophysics , Space sciences , Earth Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9781461309734:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (404 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0973-4
Contents:High Tc Superconductors and Heavy Fermions -- Heavy Electrons in Metals (Review) -- Understanding Heavy Electron Systems (Review) -- High Tc Superconductivity — Hubbard Model ? (Review) -- Fluctuation Effects in Electron Systems:
Their Role in Electron-Pairing Mechanisms -- Theory for High Tc-- Superconductivity in La2-xMxCuO4- and YBa2Cu3O7-?- Systems -- Theory of Heavy Fermions and Mechanism of Heavy Fermion Superconductivity — Application to High Tc Oxide
Superconductors -- Electron Correlations in Different Electron Bonds -- The Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model: Numerical Evaluation of the Properties of Projected Antiferromagnetic and Superconducting Wavefunctions -- Quantum Hall Effect
-- Theory of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (Review) -- Numerical Investigation of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect -- Excitations in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect at v = 1/2: Layered Electron Systems -- Disordered Systems
-- A Brief Introduction to Spin Glasses and Related Complex Problems (Review) -- Solitons in Disordered Systems or Application of Catastrophe Theory to Solitons -- Variational Studies of Strongly Correlated Ground States: Applications
to the Anderson Lattice and the Hubbard Model -- Supercooled Liquids and Glass Transitions -- Magnetoconductance of Two Dimensional Disordered Systems -- Theory of the Spin Dynamics of Modulated Magnets -- The Sillium Model -- Andreev
Scattering at Rough Surfaces -- Quantum Fluids -- Density-Matrix Theory of Supercooled Hydrogen -- Microscopic Calculations on Liquid 3He -- Many-Body Aspects of the Theory of Fermi Liquids Near Boundaries -- Quasiparticle, Natural,
and Mean-Field Orbitals in Drops of Liquid Helium -- Dynamic Correlations in the Electron Gas: The Mean Field Picture and Beyond -- Exact Solution for the Hartree Fock Approximation to the Electron Gas -- Longitudinal Response and Sum
Rules in Nuclei and Nuclear Matter -- Many-Body Methods -- Convergence and Critical Phenomena Studies in ?1+14 -Field Theories via the Coupled Cluster Method -- A Periodic Small-Cluster Approach to Many-Body Problems -- A Class of
Solvable Models of Fermion Fluids -- Many-Body Effects in Dense Plasmas: Spin-Dependent Electron Interactions Across the Compressibility and Spin-Susceptibility Anomalies -- A Novel Perturbation Theory Approach with Applications to
Photoemission and X-Ray Spectroscopy -- Many-Body Theory of Auger Processes in Metals and Semiconductors -- Fermion Parquet: The Approximations -- Fermion Parquet Equations -- Monte-Carlo Simulation on Multi-Processor Supercomputers:
The Q2R Model -- Fully Numerical Solution of Hartree-Fock and Similar Equations for Diatomic Molecules -- Kinetic Equations for Large Transient Energy Fluctuations in Small Volumes in Dense Matter -- Whither Many-Body Theory ? — A
Summary of the Oulu Meeting -- Professor Hermann G. Kümmel 65 Years -- Correlated Basis Functions and All That: A Tribute to John W. Clark, Recipient of the Second Feenberg Award -- Participants
ISBN:9781461309734
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories : 1
Keywords: Physics , Condensed matter , Materials science , Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400939714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Structure and Dynamics of Elliptical Galaxies Proceedings of the 127th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union Held in Princeton, U.S.A., May 27–31, 1986
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (596 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3971-4
Contents:Invited Reviews -- General Historical Introduction -- Cores of Early-Type Galaxies -- Isophote Shapes -- Distribution of Light: Outer Regions -- The Stellar Kinematics of Elliptical Galaxies -- The Manifold of Elliptical Galaxies --
Properties of cD Galaxies -- Compact Elliptical Galaxies -- Dust and Gas: Overview -- Ionized Gas in Elliptical Galaxies -- Properties of Elliptical Galaxies with Dust Lanes -- The Cold Interstellar Medium in Elliptical Galaxies -
Observations of HI and Radio Continuum Emission -- X-Rays from Elliptical Galaxies -- Star Formation in Cooling Flows -- Mass Distributions in Elliptical Galaxies at Large Radii -- Line Strength Gradients in Early-Type Galaxies --
Population Synthesis of Composite Systems -- The Intrinsic Shapes of Elliptical Galaxies -- Orbits -- Dynamics in the Centres of Triaxial Elliptical Galaxies -- Shells and the Potential Wells of Elliptical Galaxies -- Spherical
Galaxies: Methods and Models -- Dynamical Models for Axisymmetric and Triaxial Galaxies -- N-Body Simulations of Elliptical Galaxies -- Stability of Elliptical Galaxies. Theoretical Aspects -- Stability of Elliptical Galaxies.
Numerical Experiments -- Formation and Secular Evolution of Elliptical Galaxies -- Dissipationless Formation of Elliptical Galaxies -- Dissipation and the Formation of Galaxies -- Summary -- Posters -- Morphological Properties of
Elliptical Galaxies -- Correlations between r1/4-Law Parameters for Bulges and Elliptical Galaxies -- The Core Properties of Elliptical Galaxies -- Surface Photometry of Bright Ellipticals -- Isophotometry of Brightest Cluster
Ellipticals -- Investigating the Scatter in the V26 - log ? relation -- On the Relation between Radius, Luminosity and Surface Brightness in Elliptical Galaxies -- The Isophotal Structure of Elliptical Galaxies -- Parent Structures in
E and S0 Galaxies? -- Intrinsic Shapes of Elliptical Galaxies From a Statistical Comparison of Two Different Isophotes -- Deprojection of Galaxies: How Much Can Be Learned? -- Disk Rotation Curves in Triaxial Potentials -- A Method To
Determine the Intrinsic Axial Ratios of Individual Triaxial Galaxies -- Settling of Gas Disks in Elliptical Galaxies -- Dust in Early Type Galaxies observed at the CFHT -- Detailed Surface Photometry of the Dust-Lane Elliptical NGC
6702 -- Boxy Isophotes and Dust Lanes in Bright Virgo Ellipticals -- The Unusual Box-Shaped Elliptical(?) Galaxy IC 3370 -- AM2020-5050: an Elliptical Galaxy with an Outer Ring -- Taurus Observations of S0 Polar Ring Galaxies -- The
Structure and Kinematics of the Ionized Gas In Centaurus A -- Fabry-Perot Observations of Cen A -- HI Imaging of Radio Active Ellipticals -- The Distribution and Kinematics of Neutral Hydrogen in NGC 807 -- Gas, Dust and Radio Emission
in Elliptical Galaxies -- The Discovery of Blazar-Type Nuclei in Two Nearby Radio Ellipticals -- Stellar Dynamics of Radio Elliptical Galaxies -- Properties of the X-Ray Emitting Gas in Early Type Galaxies -- Are Cooling Flows
Governing E-Galaxy Evolution? -- Metal-Enhanced Galactic Winds -- The Hydrodynamical Evolution of Gas in Young Elliptical Galaxies -- Ultraviolet Energy Distributions of (32) Early-Type Galaxies -- Line-Strength Gradients in Elliptical
Galaxies -- Visual-IR Color Gradients in Elliptical Galaxies -- Direct IR Determination of the Stellar Luminosity Function to 0.2 M? in Elliptical Galaxies -- Dynamics of the Fornax Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy -- Anisotropy of the Velocity
Dispersion in ? Centauri -- Spectroscopy of the Globular Clusters in M87 -- The “Jet” of M89: CCD Surface Photometry -- Dwarf Galaxies in the Fornax Cluster -- The Local Density and Morphology Dependence of the Galaxy Luminosity
Function -- An Investigation of the Radial Dependence of the Galaxy Luminosity Function in Abell Clusters -- On the Luminosity Function of Elliptical Galaxies -- Spectrophotometry of Shell Galaxies -- Two Colour CCD Photometry of
Malin-Carter Shell Galaxies -- Shells and Dark Matter in Elliptical Galaxies -- Shells around Tumbling Bars: The Mass Distribution Around NGC 3923 -- Initial Tidal Effects on Shell Formation -- Shells and Encounters of Disk Galaxies
with Ellipticals -- Dynamical Friction and Orbit Circularization -- Stochastic Stellar Orbits and the Shapes of Elliptical Galaxies -- Complex Instability Around the Rotation Axis of Triaxial Systems -- Stochasticity in Models of
Elliptical Galaxies -- Natural Action-Angle Variables -- Integrals of Motion in an Elliptical Galaxy Model -- Self-consistent Models of Perfect Triaxial Galaxies -- Self-consistent Oblate-Spheroid Models -- Self-consistent Elliptical
Disks -- Stellar Dynamics of Needles -- Formal Inversion of the Self-Consistent Problem for Triaxial Galaxies -- Analytic Axisymmetric Dynamical Models with Three Integrals of Motion -- Triaxial Scale-Free Models of Highly Flattened
Elliptical Galaxies with Massive Halos -- Box Models without Cylindrical Rotation -- Dynamical Approach to the R1/4 Law of Ellipticals -- Statistical Mechanics and Equilibrium Sequences of Ellipticals -- On the Distribution Function of
Elliptical Galaxies -- Towards a Self-consistent Model of a Galaxy -- The Envelopes of Spherical Galaxies -- Spherical Stellar Systems: Structure and Evolution -- Instability Through Anisotropy in Spherical Stellar Systems --
Collisional Effects on the Density Profiles of Spherical Galaxies -- Cold Collapse as a Way of Making Elliptical Galaxies -- Angular Momentum in Elliptical Galaxies -- Violent Relaxation and Mixing in 1-D Gravitational Systems -- The
Dynamical Evolution of a Star Cluster -- Numerical Investigation of the Density Distribution of Stars and the Dispersion of Velocities in Spiral Galaxies -- Appendices -- Indices -- Subjects -- Objects -- Names
ISBN:9789400939714
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Astronimical Union : 127
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789400947382:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (568 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-4738-2
Contents:Basic Concepts In Geochemical Modelling -- 1. Introduction -- 2.First Order Models -- 2.1. First order decay reaction -- 2.2. Instantaneous perturbation in a first order decay model -- 2.3. First order production model -- 3.
Heterogeneous Catalysis and Enzymatic Type Reactions -- 4. Reversible Reactions -- 5. Model with Coupled Components in the Reservoir -- 6. Second Order Reactions -- 7. Periodic Fluctuations -- 8. Coupling of Reservoirs -- 9.
Conclusions -- Atmospheric Pathways to the Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Atmospheric Structure and Transports -- 2.1. Boundary layer -- 2.2. Cloud scale transport -- 2.3. Storms and midlatitude circulation -- 2.4. Global scale
exchange -- 3. Variability and Representativeness -- 3.1. Seasonal and interannual variability -- 3.2. Representativeness of observations -- 4. Modeling of Atmospheric Transport -- 4.1. Source identification models -- 4.2. Mechanistic
models -- 4.3. Tropospheric chemistry system models -- Modeling Oceanic Transport of Dissolved Constituents -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Box Models -- 3. Advection-Diffusion Models -- 4. Equations of Motion -- 5. Conclusion -- Vertical
Transport of Particles within the Ocean -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Determination of the Lognormal Coefficients L, ? and of N -- 2.1. Particle size data collection -- 2.2. Calculation of the coefficients L, ? and N from data -- 3.
Determination of Suspended Particulate Matter Physical Properties using Lognormal coefficients -- 3.1. Surface area concentration -- 3.2. Mass concentration -- 3.3. Vertical fluxes -- 3.4. Residence time -- 3.5. Application to the open
sea -- 4. Suspended Particulate Matter Sedimentation with Dissolution Process -- 4.1. Sedimentation at steady state -- 4.2. Sedimentation at non steady state -- 5. Conclusion -- 6. Appendix -- 6.1. Specific properties of the lognormal
law -- 6.2. Evaluation of the lognormal coefficients -- Air-Sea Gas Exchange Rates: Introduction and Synthesis -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basic Principles -- 3. Models -- 3.1. Film model -- 3.2. Surface renewal models -- 3.3.
Boundary-layer models -- 4. Laboratory (Wind Tunnel) Studies -- 4.1. Smooth surface regime -- 4.2. Rough surface regime -- 4.3. Breaking wave (bubble) regime -- 5. Field Measurements -- 5.1. Box method -- 5.2. Dissolved gas balance
method -- 5.3. Micrometeorological techniques -- 5.4. Natural and bomb-produced 14C -- 5.5. The radon deficiency method -- 5.6. Sulphur hexafluoride -- 5.7. Summary -- 6. Synthesis -- 6.1. Comparison with field data -- The Ocean as a
Source for Atmospheric Particles -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The ? ?E/?r Model -- 3. The ? ?2E/?t ?r Model -- 4. Comparison of ? ?E/?r and W ?2E/?t ?r Models -- 5. Oceanic Whitecap Coverage -- 6. Global Sea-to-Air Salt Flux -- 7. Toward a
Comprehensive Marine Aerosol Generation Model -- The Ocean as a Sink for Atmospheric Particles -- 1. Overview -- 2. Assessement of Wet Deposition -- 3. Field Approach to Dry Deposition -- 4. Accurate Deposition Measurements do not
Guarantee Accurate Net Air to Sea Transfer Rates -- 5. Relative Importance of Wet and Dry Removal Rates -- 6. Conclusion -- Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Interfacial Photochemistry as Factors Influencing Air-Sea Exchange Fluxes and
Processes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Environmental Photochemistry -- 2.1. Stratospheric photochemistry -- 2.2. Homogeneous tropospheric photochemistry -- 2.3. Heterogeneous tropospheric photochemistry -- 2.4. Seawater photochemistry --
2.5. Soil photochemistry -- 3. Interaction of Photochemistry with Air-Sea Exchange Processes -- 3.1. Air-sea gas exchange -- 3.2. Rainout-washout deposition processes -- 3.3. Dry deposition -- 3.4. Marine aerosol generation -- 4.
Summary -- Carbon Dioxide: Its Natural Cycle and Anthropogenic Perturbation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Natural Cycle of Carbon Dioxide -- 2.1. Reservoirs, fluxes, residence times -- 2.2. Air-sea exchange of CO2 -- 2.3. Regional
variability of air-sea fluxes -- 2.4. Marine carbonate chemistry -- 2.5. The oceanic carbon cycle -- 2.6. The cycle of oxygen -- 3. Anthropogenic Increase of Atmospheric CO2 -- 3.1. Observations and airborne fraction -- 3.2. Modelling
the oceanic response to carbon cycle perturbations -- 3.3. CO2 release from the terrestrial biosphere and the “missing CO2 sink” -- 3.4. Scenarios for future CO2 concentrations -- 3.5. Carbone isotope perturbations -- 4. Climatic
Effects of CO2 Increase -- 5. Natural CO2 Variations -- 5.1. Seasonal variations -- 5.2. Correlation with El Ni?o -- 5.3. Glacial/interglacial changes -- CO2 Air-Sea Exchange during Glacial Times: Importance of Deep Sea Circulation
Changes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evidence from Polar Ice Cores -- 2.1. Data -- 2.2. Discussion: is the ocean able to absorb the missing CO2? -- 3. Evidence from Deep Sea Sediments -- 3.1. Data -- 3.2. Various hypotheses explaining the
sedimentary record -- 3.3. Cadmium as a proxy-indicator for past phosphate -- 4. Broecker’s two box Model for the CO2 Cycle -- 5. Evidence for Deep Water Circulation during the Last Climatic Cycle -- 5.1. Geochemical basis -- 5.2.
Glacial to interglacial contrasts -- 5.3. Disappearance of North Atlantic Deep Water during the glacial to interglacial transition -- 5.4. Enhanced North Atlantic Deep Wafer formation during the inception of the glaciation -- 6.
Conclusion -- Exchange of CO and H2 between Ocean And Atmosphere -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Determination of the Supersaturation Factors of CO and H2 -- 3. Spatial and Temporal Changes of dissolved CO and H2 -- 4. Processes Sustaining CO
and H2 Concentrations in Surface Water -- 4.1. Production processes -- 4.2. Consumption processes -- 4.3. Transport processes -- 5. Calculation of Fluxes by the “Laminar Film Model” -- 6. Role of Oceans in the budget of atmospheric CO
and H2 -- The Air-Sea Exchange of Low Molecular Weight Halocarbon Gases -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Gases for which the Oceans are a net Source for the Atmosphere -- 2.1. Alkyl (mainly Methyl) halides -- 2.2. Haloforms -- 2.3. Other
organo-halides -- 3. Gases for which the Oceans are a net Sink for the Atmosphere -- 4. Summary -- Sea-Air Exchange of High-Molecular Weight Synthetic Organic Compounds -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Compounds of Interest -- 3.
Sampling/Analytical Aspects of Trace Organics -- 4. Distribution of High Molecular Weight Organics in the Marine Environment -- 4.1. Water and organisms -- 4.2. Atmospheric concentrations -- 4.3. Atmospheric deposition -- 5. Air-Sea
Exchange Mechanisms for Synthetic Organics -- 5.1. Dry deposition -- 5.2. Wet deposition -- 5.3. Adsorption and partitioning in surface waters -- 6. Air-Sea Fluxes in the North Pacific -- 7. Relative Importance of Atmospheric
Deposition to the CHC Cycle -- 8. Summary and Conclusions -- The Ocean as a Source of Atmospheric Sulfur Compounds -- 1. Sources of Sulfur to the Atmosphere: an Overview -- 2. Seaspray and the Production of Aerosol Sulfate -- 3.
Sulfate Reduction by Geological and Biological Processes -- 4. Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction -- 5. Biosynthesis of Dimethylsulfide -- 6. Marine Chemistry and Distribution of Dimethylsulfide -- 7. Estimating the Air/Sea Flux of
Dimethylsulfide -- 8. Chemical Reactions and Transformations of Dimethylsulfide in the Marine Atmosphere -- 9. A Model of the Cycle of Biogenic Sulfur over the Oceans -- 10. Carbonyl Sulfide -- 10.1. Photochemical production of COS --
10.2. Air/Sea exchange of COS -- 11. Formation and Emission of other Sulfur Species: Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbon Disulfide, Methylmercaptan, Dimethyldisulfide etc… -- 11.1. Hydrogen sulfide -- 11.2. Carbon disulfide -- 11.3.
Methylmercaptan, dimethyldisulfide and other sulfur compounds -- 12. Conclusion -- Cycling of Mercury Between the Atmosphere and Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Global Models -- 3. Physico-Chemical Models -- 4. Atmospheric Hg
Determinations -- 4.1. Total gaseous Hg -- 4.2. Volatile Hg species -- 5. Hg Analysis in Seawater and Rainwater -- 5.1. Reactive and Total Hg -- 5.2. Volatile Hg -- 5.3. Determinations of Hg in rain -- 6. Air-Sea Exchange of Hg -- 6.1.
Preliminary studies -- 6.2. Present status -- 6.3. Summary -- 7. Ocean Sources of Hg -- 7.1. Hg evasion from the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: 1980 -- 7.2. Hg evasion from the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: 1984 -- 8. Hg Deposition to the Sea
Surface -- 8.1. Precipitation -- 8.2. Dry depositional Hg flux to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- 8.3. Air-sea exchange in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean -- 8.4. Physico-chemical aspects -- 9. Atmospheric Cycling of Hg over the Oceans:
Global Perspectives -- The Air-Sea Exchange of Particulate Organic Matter: The Sources and Long-Range Transport of Lipids in Aerosols -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. Background -- 2. Sampling and Analytical Methodology -- 3. Source and
Long-Range Transport Studies -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. North Pacific Trades: Enewetak -- 3.3. South Pacific Westerlies: New Zealand -- 3.4. Short-Range transport: Coastal Peru -- 4. Conclusions -- The Marine Mineral Aerosol -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. The Concept of the Marine Dust Veil -- 3. Sources of Material to the Marine Atmosphere -- 4. The Distribution of Material in the Marine Dust Veil -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. The Atlantic Ocean and surrounding waters
-- 4.3. The Mediterranean -- 4.4. The Pacific ocean -- 4.5. The Indian ocean -- 4.6. Summary -- 5. The Composition of Material in the Marine Dust Veil -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. The mineral composition of the marine dust veil -- 5.3.
Chemical chacacteristics of the mineral aerosol -- 6. The Influence of the Marine Dust Veil on Oceanic Cycles -- 6.1. The water column -- 6.2. The sediment column -- 6.3. Summary -- Air to Sea Transfer of Anthropogenic Trace Metals --
1. Introduction -- 2. The Fate of Atmospheric Trace Metals in Ocean Waters -- 2.1. Physical and chemical forms of metals in the atmosphere -- 2.2. Biogeochemical cycling of trace metals in the ocean -- 3. Geographical Variability of
Metal Fluxes from the Atmosphere
ISBN:9789400947382
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 185
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781468452150:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamic Processes in the Chemistry of the Upper Ocean
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (246 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-5215-0
Contents:Report of Working Group I: Gases -- Report of Working Group II: Particles -- Report of Working Group III: Solutes -- Keynote Papers -- Upper Ocean Chemistry: Space and Time Scales -- The Chemistry of Near-Surface Seawater -- Physical
Processes in the Upper Ocean -- Processes Affecting Upper Ocean Chemical Structure in an Eastern Boundary Current -- Structure and Evolution of Gulf Stream Warm-ore Rings: A Physical Characterization -- Turbulence in the Upper Layer --
Convection in the Upper Ocean -- Air-Sea Exchange of Gases -- Field Measurements of Gas Exchange -- Biological and Chemical Processes in the Upper Ocean -- Photochemistry and the Sea-Surface Microlayer: Natural Processes and Potential
as to Technique -- Organic Chemical Dynamics of the Mixed Layer: Measurement of Dissolved Hydrophilic Organics at Sea -- Surface Water 234Th/238U Disequilibria: Spatial and Temporal Variations of Scavenging Rates within the Pacific
Ocean -- Dominant Microorganisms of the Upper Ocean: Form and Function, Spatial Distribution and Photoregulation of Biochemical Processes -- Short-Term Variations in Primary Productivity -- Some Perspectives on Ecological Modeling
Focused on Upper Ocean Processes -- Cycling of Carbon between Ocean and Atmosphere -- What Controls the Variability of Carbon Dioxide in the Surface Ocean? A Plea for Complete Information -- A Preliminary Model of the Role of Upper
Ocean Chemical Dynamics in Determining Oceanic Oxygen and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels -- Participants
ISBN:9781468452150
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series : 17
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642954535:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution of Matter and Energy on a Cosmic and Planetary Scale
Author(s): M Taube
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (289 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-95453-5
Contents:1 Matter and Energy. The Interplay of Elementary Particles and Elementary Forces -- 1.1 An Attempt to Describe the Natural World Using the Smallest Number of Elementary Phenomena -- 1.2 General Foundations of the Physical Sciences --
1.2.1 Some principles -- 1.2.2 Some properties of the elementary phenomena are governed by very exact and strong laws of conservation -- 1.2.3 Prohibitions -- 1.3 Elementary Forces and Particles -- 1.3.1 Elementary forces -- 1.3.2
Elementary particles -- 1.4 Elementary Particles -- 1.4.1 “Bricks” and “mortar“ -- 1.4.2 Creation of the elementary particles -- 1.4.3 “Life” and “death” of elementary particles -- 1.5 The Existence of Atomic Nuclei Is Due to the
Forces of Attraction Between Their Nucleons -- 1.5.1 The weak force limits the number of stable hadrons -- 1.5.2 Strong force binds the nucleons together -- 1.5.3 Binding energy of a nucleon -- 1.6 Matter and Free Energy — The Intimate
Connection -- 1.7 What Are the Conclusions for the Future Development of Mankind? -- 2 The Universe: How Is It Observed Here and Now? Its Past and Possible Future -- 2.1 What Is the Universe? -- 2.1.1 A definition of the Universe --
2.1.2 Beginning of the Universe -- 2.2 Expansion of the Universe -- 2.2.1 The red shift -- 2.2.2 The five eras of the Universe -- 2.3 What Is Known About the Universe Today? -- 2.3.1 The average composition of the Universe -- 2.3.2
Chemical composition of cosmic matter -- 2.3.3 Composition of photons -- 2.4 The Universe as a Whole -- 2.5 The Future of the Universe -- 2.6 What Conclusions Can Be Drawn for the Future Development of Mankind? -- 3 The Origin and
Nuclear Evolution of Matter -- 3.1 The Creation of the Elementary Particles in the Very Early Universe -- 3.1.1 Unknown phase: Era of superunified force (Planckian Era or Very Hot Era) -- 3.1.2 Era of grand unified force (Hot Era) --
3.1.3 Era of unified force (Lukewarm Era) -- 3.1.4 Cold Era and Very Cold Era -- 3.2 Evolution of the Elementary Particles. A Very Rapid Development in the First Seconds of the Universe -- 3.2.1 Beginning of the Cold Era: Evolution in
the “Hadron Epoch” -- 3.2.2 Production of hydrogen, deuterium, and helium: The Universe a few seconds old Lepton Epoch -- 3.2.3 The Photon Epoch, from the first minute to the first million years. -- 3.3 The Beginning of the Present
Very Cold Era: The “Stars Era”. The Evolution of Galaxies, Stars, and Life -- 3.3.1 The largest of the cosmic structures: The development of galaxies -- 3.3.2 The evolution of stars the nuclear and gravitational reactors -- 3.3.3 The
protostar evolves from diffuse matter -- 3.3.4 The longest living stars, those of the Main Sequence -- 3.3.5 Red Giants: The cold stars with the hot interiors -- 3.3.6 Evolution towards hot dense stars -- 3.3.7 Explosion of a
supernova: The most spectacular event in a galaxy -- 3.3.8 Extremely dense stars: Neutron stars (pulsars) and black holes -- 3.4 The Burning of Hydrogen — Nucleosynthesis in the Stars -- 3.4.1 Deuterium: The fuel of protostars -- 3.4.2
The slow burning of hydrogen -- 3.4.3 The burning of hydrogen in a catalytic cycle assisted by carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen -- 3.5 Helium also Burns, but under More Extreme Conditions -- 3.5.1 Production of carbon from the burning of
helium -- 3.5.2 A very vital step: The production of oxygen -- 3.6 Carbon, Oxygen, and Other Elements of Medium Mass Burn in a Flash. -- 3.6.1 Energy production and energy required for nucleosynthesis -- 3.6.2 Iron, the nuclear ash --
3.7 The Systhesis of Heavy Elements: The Need for an External Energy Source -- 3.7.1 How can uranium be synthesised? -- 3.7.2 The “s-process”, the slow-process of neutron capture -- 3.7.3 The “r-process”, the rapid-process of neutron
capture -- 3.8 Cosmic Rays — A Strange Form of Matter -- 3.9 What Are the Conclusions for the Future of Mankind? -- 4 Chemical Evolution and the Evolution of Life: The Cosmic Phenomena -- 4.1 Chemical Evolution: Another Phase in the
Evolution of Matter -- 4.1.1 Special case of the electromagnetic force: The chemical force -- 4.1.2 The actors in the chemical play -- 4.2 Chemical Synthesis Occurs in Cosmic Space -- 4.2.1 Interstellar gas contains very many, often
very complex compounds -- 4.2.2 Some of the interstellar molecules exist in solid form -- 4.2.3 Comets: Rare and strange, but formidable, chemical reactors -- 4.2.4 Meteorites often consist of very “sophisticated” chemical compounds --
4.2.5 “Organic molecules” on the Moon and planets -- 4.3 The Origin of the Planets -- 4.3.1 Have the planets been formed “by chance”? -- 4.3.2 The protoplanet, the first stage of evolution -- 4.3.3 The chemical evolution of the Earth:
A complex and dramatic development -- 4.3.4 All stable elements present in the Universe exist on Earth -- 4.3.5 The history of the Earth has been influenced by the movement of the continents -- 4.3.6 The first phases of chemical
evolution were driven by different energy sources and were influenced by a number of factors -- 4.4 Synthesis of Complex Molecules on the Primitive Earth -- 4.4.1 The primitive atmosphere includes mostly molecules containing hydrogen
-- 4.4.2 The amino acids their ease of synthesis -- 4.4.3 How were the large molecules, the polymers, produced? -- 4.5 What Is Life? The Need for a General Definition -- 4.5.1 Could life have originated spontaneously? -- 4.5.2 The
physical aspect of life -- 4.5.3 What kind of elementary forces can play the role of energy carriers for living systems? -- 4.5.4 What kind of elementary particles can play the role of carriers of life? -- 4.6 The Chemical Elements,
Particularly the Light Elements, Are the Carriers of Life -- 4.6.1 Why are the light elements best fitted for this role? -- 4.6.2 Why is hydrogen oxide — water — the unique medium for living organisms? -- 4.6.3 The source of free
energy for life: The stars of the Main Sequence. -- 4.6.4 The chemical composition of the living organism is similar to the chemical composition of the Universe -- 4.6.5 Life is only possible in a Universe having the characteristics of
our type of Universe -- 4.7 What Can We Hope to Know About the Spontaneous Formation of Terrestrial Life? -- 4.7.1 The problem: The uniqueness of life in our present state of knowledge -- 4.7.2 The protobionts: The first living
structures -- 4.7.3 The evolution of the living being occurred at the switch-over point from one energy source to the next -- 4.8 Evolution of Living Beings -- 4.8.1 Genetic evolution -- 4.8.2 The evolution of Man -- 4.8.3 The
evolution of the brain -- 4.9 What Are the Conclusions for the Future of Mankind? -- 5 The Eternal Cycle of Matter on the Earth -- 5.1 Matter on This Planet Is Almost Indestructible -- 5.1.1 How stable is terrestrial matter? -- 5.1.2
Terrestrial matter is isolated by the gravitational field the amount of matter is constant -- 5.1.3 Division of the Earth into five “spheres” -- 5.2 The Gaseous Sphere Acts in the Exchange Between the Other Spheres -- 5.2.1 The main
components of the atmosphere -- 5.2.2 The most active component, oxygen, a product of the biosphere -- 5.2.3 Ozone: Modified oxygen which acts as a shield for the biosphere -- 5.2.4 The carbon cycle, a chain directly related to the
flow of energy in the biosphere and technosphere -- 5.2.5 The “inert” nitrogen cycle, which controls the activity of the biosphere -- 5.2.6 The micro-components of the atmosphere, the troublesome “details” -- 5.2.7 Dust particles, a
troublesome constituent of the atmosphere -- 5.3 The Hydrosphere — A Crucial Factor in the Existence of the Biosphere -- 5.3.1 The cycling of water, the largest terrestrial material cycle -- 5.3.2 Quality of water, quality of life --
5.3.3 Man’s demand for water is gigantic -- 5.3.4 Drinking water, where purity counts -- 5.3.5 The erosion of the planetary surface -- 5.4 The Solid Earth, the Litosphere -- 5.4.1 The main components of the Earth’s crust -- 5.4.2 The
Earth’s crust, the main source of materials for our civilisation -- 5.4.3 Metals “prepared” by Nature, the most widely used -- 5.5 Ordered Matter and Entropy -- 5.5.1 Concentration means increase of order and decrease of entropy --
5.5.2 Impact of substances in very small amounts: Poisons -- 5.5.3 Material dissipation and waste formation increases entropy -- 5.6 What Are the Conclusions for Mankind’s Future Development? -- 6 The Flow of Energy on the Earth -- 6.1
The Source of Free Energy on the Earth -- 6.1.1 The quality of energy: The ordered and disordered forms -- 6.1.2 The elementary forms of energy -- 6.1.3 How large is flux of energy? -- 6.2 The Energy Sources on the Earth -- 6.2.1.
Solar energy — The most important source -- 6.2.2 Spectrum and albedo of solar light -- 6.3 Solar Energy and Climate -- 6.3.1 The solar energy flux is not constant -- 6.3.2 Solar energy is transformed into numerous forms and types of
energy -- 6.3.3 The past and future of the terrestrial climate -- 6.3.4 The local climate depends on continental drift -- 6.4 Non-solar Terrestrial Energy Sources -- 6.4.1 Other non-solar flows of energy play a small but not
insignificant role -- 6.4.2 The importance of the amount of stored energy -- 6.5 How Much Energy Does Man Need? -- 6.5.1 Does man need energy at all? -- 6.5.2 The sources of energy are changeable -- 6.6 The Indirect Use of Solar Energy
-- 6.6.1 The biosphere as Man’s energy source for technology -- 6.6.2 Transformation of solar into kinetic energy: Wind -- 6.6.3 Transformed solar energy: The kinetic energy of falling water -- 6.6.4 The “insignificant” form of solar
energy: The heat of the oceans -- 6.6.5 The best forms of stored solar energy: Oil and coal -- 6.7 The Direct Technological Use of Solar Energy -- 6.7.1 The simplest way: Space heating -- 6.7.2 Solar energy converted into electricity
on the Earth“s surface -- 6.7.3 The extraterrestrial conversion of solar into electrical energy -- 6.8 Technological Use o
ISBN:9783642954535
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Environmental sciences , Geoecology , Environmental geology , Nature conservation , Physics , Physics, general , Environmental Science and Engineering , Nature Conservation , Geoecology/Natural Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783642455568:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Theory
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (322 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45556-8
Contents:I. Introduction -- 1.1. The maser principle -- 1.2. The laser condition -- 1.3. Properties of laser light -- a) Spatial coherence -- b) Temporal coherence -- c) Photon statistics -- d) High intensity -- e) Ultrashort pulses -- 1.4.
Plan of the article -- II. Optical resonators -- II.1. Introduction -- II.2. The Fabry-Perot resonator with plane parallel reflectors -- a) Spatial distribution of modes -- b) Diffraction losses -- c) Three-dimensional resonator --
II.3. Confocal resonator -- a) Field outside the resonator -- b) Field inside the resonator -- c) Far field pattern of the confocal resonator -- d) Phase shifts and losses -- II.4. More general configurations -- a) Confocal resonators
with unequal square and rectangular apertures -- b) Resonators with reflectors of unequal curvature -- ?) Large circular apertures -- ?) Large square aperture -- II.5. Stability -- III. Quantum mechanical equations of the light field
and the atoms without losses -- III.1. Quantization of the light field -- III.2. Second quantization of the electron wave field -- III.3. Interaction between radiation field and electron wave field -- III.4. The interaction
representation and the rotating wave approximation -- III.5. The equations of motion in the Heisenberg picture -- III.6. The formal equivalence of the system of atoms each having 2 levels with a system of ½ spins -- IV. Dissipation and
fluctuation of quantum systems. The realistic laser equations -- IV.1. Some remarks on homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening -- a) Natural linewidth -- b) Inhomogeneous broadening -- ?) Impurity atoms in solids -- ?) Gases -- ?)
Semiconductors -- c) Homogeneous broadening -- ?) Impurity atoms in solids -- ?) Gases -- ?) Semiconductors -- IV.2. A survey of IV.2.–IV.11 -- a) Definition of heatbaths (reservoirs) -- b) The role of heatbaths -- c) Classical
Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations -- ?) Langevin equations -- ?) The Fokker-Planck equation -- d) Quantum mechanical formulation: the total Hamiltonian -- e) Quantum mechanical Langevin equations, Fokker-Planck equation and density
matrix equation -- ?) Langevin equations -- ?) Density matrix equation -- ?) Generalized Fokker-Planck equation -- IV.3. Quantum mechanical Langevin equations: origin of quantum mechanical Langevin forces (the effect of heatbaths) --
a) The field (one mode) -- b) Electrons (“atoms”) -- IV.4. The requirement of quantum mechanical consistency -- a) The field -- b) Dissipation and fluctuations of the atoms -- IV. 5. The explicit form of the correlation functions of
Langevin forces -- a) The field -- b) The N-level atom -- IV. 6. The complete laser equations -- a) Quantum mechanically consistent equations for the operators b?+ and (ai+ak)? -- ?) The field equations -- ?) The matter equations -- b)
Semiclassical equations -- ?) The field equations -- ?) The matter equations -- IV.7. The density matrix equation -- a) General derivation -- b) Specialization of Eq. (IV.7.31) -- ?) Light mode -- ?) Atom -- ?) The density matrix
equation of the complete system of M laser modes and N atoms -- IV. 8. The evaluation of multi-time correlation functions by the single-time density matrix -- IV.9. Generalized Fokker-Planck equation: definition of distribution
functions -- a) Field -- ?) Wigner distribution function and related representations -- ?) Transforms of the distribution functions: characteristic functions -- ?) Calculation of expectation values by means of the distribution
functions -- b) Electrons -- ?) Distribution functions for a single electron -- ?) Characteristic functions -- ?) Electrons and fields -- IV. 10. Equation for the laser distribution function (IV.9.22) -- a) Comparison of the advantages
of the Heisenberg and the Schrödinger representations -- ?) The Heisenberg representation -- ?) The Schrödinger representation -- b) Final form of the generalized Fokker-Planck equation -- IV.11. The calculation of multi-time
correlation functions by means of the distribution function -- V. Properties of quantized electromagnetic fields -- V.1. Coherence properties of the classical and the quantized electromagnetic field -- a) Classical description:
definitions -- ?) The complex analytical signal -- ?) The average -- ?) The mutual coherence function -- b) Quantum theoretical coherence functions -- ?) Elementary introductions -- ?) Coherence functions -- ?) Coherent wave functions
-- ?) Generation of coherent fields by classical sources (the forced harmonic oscillator) -- V.2. Uncertainty relations and limits of measurability -- a) Field and photon number -- b) Phase and photon number -- ?) Heuristic
considerations -- ?) Exact treatment -- c) Field strength -- V.3. Spontaneous and stimulated emission and absorption -- a) Spontaneous emission -- b) Stimulated emission -- c) Comparison between spontaneous and stimulated emission
rates -- d) Absorption -- V.4. Photon counting -- a) Quantum mechanical treatment, correlation functions -- b) Classical treatment of photon counting -- V.5. Coherence properties of spontaneous and stimulated emission. The spontaneous
linewidth -- VI. Fully quantum mechanical solutions of the laser equations -- VI.1. Disposition -- VI.2. Summary of theoretical results and comparison with the experiments -- a) Qualitative discussion of the characteristic features of
the laser output: homogeneously broadened line -- b) Quantitative results: single mode action -- ?) The spectroscopic linewidth well above threshold -- ?) The spectroscopic linewidth somewhat below threshold -- ?) The intensity (or
amplitude) fluctuations -- ?) Photon statistics -- VI.3. The quantum mechanical Langevin equations for the solid state laser -- a) Field equations -- b) Matter equations -- ?) The motion of the atomic dipole moment -- 1. Dipole moment
between levels j and k -- 2. Dipole moment between levels l and l?k, j and between levels k and l=j, k -- 3. Dipole moment between levels i? k, j and l ? k, j -- ?) The occupation numbers change -- 1. For the laser levels j and k -- 2.
For the non-laser levels -- VI.4. Qualitative discussion of single mode operation -- a) The linear range (subthreshold region) -- b) The nonlinear range (at threshold and somewhat above) -- ?) Phase diffusion -- ?) Amplitude
(intensity) fluctuations -- c) The nonlinear range at high inversion -- d) Exact elimination of all atomic coordinates -- VI.5. Quantitative treatment of a homogeneously broadened transition: emission below threshold (intensity,
linewidth, amplification of signals) -- a) No external signals -- ?) Single-mode linewidth below threshold -- ?) Many modes below threshold -- b) External signals -- VI.6. Exact elimination of atomic variables in the case of a
homogeneously broadened line. Running or standing waves -- ?) Standing waves -- ?) Running waves -- VI.7. Single mode operation above threshold, homogeneously broadened line -- a) Lowest order -- b) First order -- c) Phase noise.
Linewidth formula -- d) Amplitude fluctuations -- ?) The special case of a moderate photon number -- ?) The special case of a big photon number -- VI.8. Stability of amplitude. Spiking and damped oscillations. Single-mode operation,
homogeneously broadened line -- a) Qualitative discussion -- b) Quantitative treatment -- c) The special case w13?? (“two level system”) -- VI.9. Qualitative discussion of two-mode operation -- a) Some transformations -- b) Both modes
well below threshold -- c) Modes somewhat above or somewhat below threshold -- d) Both modes above threshold -- ?) |?1 ? ?2| ? 1/T -- ?) |?1 ? ?2| ? 1/T -- VI. 10. Gas laser and solid-state laser with an inhomogeneously broadened line.
The van der Pol equation, single-mode operation -- a) Solid-state laser with an inhomogeneously broadened line and an arbitrary number of levels -- b) Gas laser -- VI.11. Direct solution of the density matrix equation -- VI.12.
Reduction of the generalized Fokker-Planck equation for single-mode action -- a) Expansion in powers of N?½ (N: number of atoms) -- b) Adiabatic elimination of the atomic variables -- c) The Fokker-Planck equation -- VI. 13. Solution
of the reduced Fokker-Planck equation -- a) Steady state solution -- b) Transient solution -- VI. 14. The Fokker-Planck equation for multimode action near threshold. Exact or nearly exact stationary solution -- a) The explicit form of
the Fokker-Planck equation -- b) Theorem on the exact stationary solution of a Fokker-Planck equation -- c) Nearly exact solution of (VI. 14.1) -- ?) Normal multimode action -- ?) Phase locking of many modes -- ?) A qualitative
discussion of phase locking (example of three modes) -- VI. 15. The linear and quasi-linear solution of the general Fokker-Planck equation -- a) Far below threshold -- b) Well above threshold -- VII. The semiclassical approach and its
applications -- VII.1. Spirit of the semiclassical approach. The equations for the solid state laser -- a) The field equations -- b) The material equations -- c) Macroscopic treatment -- ?) Wave picture, inhomogeneous atomic line -- ?)
Wave picture, homogeneous atomic line -- ?) Wave picture, homogeneous atomic line, rotating wave approximation, slowly varying amplitude approximation -- ?) Mode picture, polarization waves -- d) Extension to multilevel atoms -- e)
Systematics of the semiclassical approach -- VII.2. Method of solution for the stationary state -- a) Single-mode operation, general features -- b) Two-mode operation, general features -- ?) Time-independent atomic response -- ?)
Time-dependent atomic response -- VII.3. The solid-state laser with a homogeneously broadened line. Single and multimode laser action -- a) Single-mode operation -- b) Multiple-mode operation -- ?) Equations for the photon densities of
M modes -- ?) Equations for the frequency shift -- VII.4. The solid-state laser with an inhomogeneously broadened Gaussian line. Single-and two-mode operation -- a) One mode -- ?) Equation for the frequency shift -- ?) Equation for the
ph
ISBN:9783642455568
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Physics , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9781461253129:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neurobiology of the Trace Amines Analytical, Physiological, Pharmacological, Behavioral, and Clinical Aspects
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (598 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-5312-9
Contents:A. Introduction -- Trace Amines: The Early Years -- Trace Amines and the Neurosciences: An Overview -- B. Analysis -- Invited Communications -- Quantification of Trace Amines and Their Metabolites by High Resolution or Metastable
Analysis Using Double Focussing Mass Spectrometry -- The Use of Enzymatic Radioisotopic Microassays for the Quantification of ?-Phenylethylamine, Phenylethanolamine, Tyramine, and Octopamine -- Gas Chromatography for Analysis of the
Trace Amines in Tissues and Body Fluids -- Free Communications -- Studies on Tryptamine Metabolism by GC-MS and HPLC Techniques -- A Rapid and Specific Technique for the Extraction of Tyramine and Octopamine from Biological Tissues for
HPLC Analysis -- Analysis of Octopamine, Dopamine, 5-Hydroxtryptamine, and Tryptophan in the Brain and Nerve Cord of the American Cockroach -- Natural Occurrence and Metabolism of the Isomeric Octopamines and Synephrines -- Octopamine
is Present in Retinas of Various Mammalian Species -- C. Physiology and Pharmacology -- Invited Communications -- Investigation of Trace Amine Metabolism in the Central Nervous System through Measurements on Cerebrospinal Fluid --
Analysis of Trace Amines: Endogenous Levels and the Effects of Various Drugs on Tissue Concentrations in the Rat -- Drug-Induced Changes in the Central Metabolism of Tyramine and Other Trace Monoamines: Their Possible Role in Brain
Functions -- Aminergic Control of the Electrocorticogram: A Progress Report -- Neuronal Transport of Trace Amines: An Overview -- Electrophysiological Studies of the Possible Role of Trace Amines in Synaptic Function -- Effects of
Octopamine and Serotonin on Neurones of Aplysia Californica -- Free Communications -- Individual Housing Stress Elevates Brain and Adrenal Tryptamine Content -- The Uptake and Release of 14C-Tryptamine by Rat Brain Slices --
Tryptamine-Induced Changes in Endogenous 5-Hydroxytryptamine and [3H]-5-HT Release from Mouse Hypothalamic Slices -- Effect of Chronic Haloperidol on the Levels of Blood and Urinary Phenylethylamine and Phenylacetic Acid in Rats -- A
Comparison of effects of Acute and Chronic Administration of Phenelzine and Tranylcypromine on Brain Concentrations of 2-Phenylethylamine, p-Tyramine, and Tryptamine in the Rat -- Phenylethylamine Deamination in the Noradrenergic
Neurotransmitter System -- Effect of Lignocaine on Tyramine and Serotonin Oxidation in Brain -- Degradation Kinetics by MAO of PEA Derivatives. A Model for the Molecular Basis of Their Analgesic and Behavioral effects? -- The Kinetics
of Hydroxylation of Phenylethylamine, Amphetamine, and Phenylalanine in Rodent Tissues -- Chronotropic and Inotropic Selectivity of Substituted Phenylethylamines in the Isolated, Perfused Rabbit Heart -- Trace Amine-Peptide
Interactions on Central Neurones: I. Tryptamine and Substance P -- Trace Amine-Peptide Interactions: II. Phenylethylamine and enkephalin p-Tyramine and enkephalin -- D. Behavior -- Invited Communications -- Beta-Phenylethylamine: Some
Preliminary Chronic Studies -- ?-Phenylethylamine: A Functional Role at the Behavioral Level? -- Differentiation of Phenylethylamine (PE)- and Amphetamine (AMPH)- Induced Behaviors -- Studies on the Mechanism of Action of
?-Phenylethylamine Stereotypy in Rodents: Implications for a ?-Phenylethylamine Animal Model of Schizophrenia -- Free Communications -- Effects of Tryptamine and 5-Hydroxytryptamine on Food Intake in the Rat -- 5-HT Involvement in
Tryptamine-Induced Behavior in Mice -- Hypodipsic Effects of ?-Phenylethylamine, Phenylethanolamine, N-Methylphenylethylamine, and d-Amphetamine: A Temporal Analysis -- Taste-Dependent Effects of Low Doses of ?-Phenylethylamine and
d-Amphetamine on Drinking in the Rat -- ?-Phenylethylamine and d-Amphetamine: Differential Potency in the Conditioned Taste Aversion Paradigm -- Locomotor Stimulant Effect of ?-Phenylethylamine-Naloxone -- E. Clinical Studies --
Invited Communications -- The Origin, Drug Interaction, Urine, Plasma, and CSF Concentrations of Phenylacetic Acid in Normal and Psychiatric Subjects -- The Catabolism of Trace Amines in Some Psychiatric Disorders -- Tyramine and
Depressive Illness -- Phenethylamine, Tyramine, and Other Trace Amines in Patients with Affective Disorders: Associations with Clinical State and Antidepressant Drug Treatment -- Phenylethylamine and Schizophrenia—Clinical and
Pharmacological Results -- Urinary Excretion of Tryptamine in Comparison to Normetanephrine and beta-Phenylethylamine in Human Volunteers after Subchronic Treatment with Different Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors -- Free Communications --
p-Hydroxyphenylacetic Acid Concentration in the CSF of Patients with Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders -- Noncatecholic Phenylethylamines and MAO Activity in Diabetes and Migraine -- Phenylethylamine and Tardive Dyskinesia --
Phenylethylamine, Phenylacetic Acid, and Methionine Enkephalin Levels in Humans Following Profound Acute Stress -- 14C-Tryptamine Binding in Parkinson’s Disease and Hepatic Coma -- Biochemical and Antidepressant Mechanisms of
L-Deprenyl
ISBN:9781461253129
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Life sciences , Neurosciences , Biochemistry , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Neurosciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9789400971691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Air-Sea Exchange of Gases and Particles
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (561 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7169-1
Contents:Introductory Meteorology and Fluid Dynamics -- 1. Some Deductions from Basic Physics -- 2. Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulations -- 3. Synoptic Scale Circulations -- 4. Mesoscale Circulations -- 5. Convection and Stability -- 6.
Turbulence and the Planetary Boundary Layer -- 7. Interface Dynamics -- 8. Practical Aspects of Atmospheric Transports -- Introductory Physical Oceanography -- Large-scale Oceanography -- Mesoscale Oceanography -- The Oceanic Mixed
Layer -- Sea Surface Waves -- Microbiological and Organic-Chemical Processes in the Surface and Mixed Layers -- 1. Planktonic Microorganisms and Their Trophic Structure -- 2. Uptake and Release of Gases During the Synthesis and Decay
of Organic Matter and its Control by the Solar Cycle -- 3. Organic-Microbial Films that Form the Sea’s Skin -- Gases and Their Precipitation Scavenging in the Marine Atmosphere -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Trace Gas Concentrations in
Marine Air -- 3. Homogeneous Marine Air Chemistry -- 4. Exchange of Simple Soluble Gases with Hydrometeors -- 5. Exchange of Reactive and Ionizable Gases -- 6. The Role of Circulation Within Drops -- 7. Heterogeneous Processes -- 8.
Scavenging in Complex Systems -- Gas Transfer: Experiments and Geochemical Implications -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Laboratory Sutdies of Air-Water Gas Transfer -- 3. Air-Sea Gas Transfer in the Field -- 4. Possible Role of Natural and
Pollutant Films in Air-Sea Gas Transfer -- 5. The Role of Air-Sea Gas Exchange in Geochemical Cycling -- Air-to-Sea Transfer of Particles -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Residence Times -- 3. Scavenging by Precipitation -- 4. Scavenging by
Storms -- 5. Dry Deposition of Particles -- 6. More Problems with Dry Deposition -- The Production, Distribution and Bacterial Enrichment of the Sea-Salt Aerosol -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Production of the Sea-Salt Aerosol -- 3.
Distribtuion of the Sea-Salt Aerosol -- 4. Enrichment of Bacteria in Jet and Film Drops -- 5. Conclusions -- Particle Geochemistry in the Atmosphere and Oceans -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Geochemistry of Marine Aerosols -- 3. Geochemistry
of Particle Transfer Between the Atmosphere and the Oceans -- 4. Assessment of Particulate Fluxes from and to the Air-Sea Interface : Geochemical Implications -- 5. Conclusions -- APPENDIX A - List of Symbols -- APPENDIX B - Annotated
Bibliography of Sampling
ISBN:9789400971691
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 108
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783540395522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optical and Laser Remote Sensing
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-39552-2
Contents:1 IR Differential-Absorption LIDAR (DIAL) Techniques -- 1.1 Airborne Remote Sensing Measurements With a Pulsed CO2 Dial System -- 1.2 Differential-Absorption Measurements With Fixed-Frequency IR and UV Lasers -- 1.3 Remote Sensing of
Hydrazine Compounds Using a Dual Mini-TEA CO2 Laser DIAL System -- 1.4 The Hull Coherent DIAL Programme -- 1.5 Remote Measurement of Trace Gases With the JPL Laser Absorption Spectrometer -- 1.6 Laser Remote Sensing Measurements of
Atmospheric Species and Natural Target Reflectivities -- 1.7 Airborne CO2 Laser Heterodyne Sensor for Monitoring Regional Ozone Distributions -- 2 Spectrometric Techniques -- 2.1 Tunable Laser Heterodyne Spectrometer Measurements of
Atmospheric Species -- 2.2 Interferometric Measurements of Atmospheric Species -- 2.3 Remote Sensing by Infrared Heterodyne Spectroscopy -- 2.4 Detection of Trace Gases Using High-Resolution IR Spectroscopy -- 2.5 Gaseous Correlation
Spectrometric Measurements -- 2.6 Measurements of Atmospheric Trace Gases by Long Path Differential UV/Visible Absorption Spectroscopy -- 2.7 Measurements of HONO, NO3, and NO2 by Long-Path Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy
in the Los Angeles Basin -- 2.8 Remote Detection of Gases by Gas Correlation Spectroradiometry -- 3 UV-Visible DIAL Techniques -- 3.1 Atmospheric Pressure and Temperature Profiling Using Near IR Differential Absorption Lidar -- 3.2
Ground-Based Ultraviolet Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) System and Measurements -- 3.3 Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Gases and Aerosols With an Airborne DIAL System -- 3.4 Pollution Monitoring Using Nd:YAG Based Lidar Systems --
4 Atmospheric Propagation and System Analysis -- 4.1 Effects of Atmospheric Obscurants on the Propagation of Optical/IR Radiation -- 4.2 The Effects of Target-Induced Speckle, Atmospheric Turbulence, and Beam Pointing Jitter on the
Errors in Remote Sensing Measurements -- 4.3 Lidar System Analysis for Measurement of Atmospheric Species -- 4.4 CO2 DIAL Sensitivity Studies for Measurements of Atmospheric Trace Gases -- 4.5 Signal Averaging Limitations in
Heterodyne- and Direct-Detection Laser Remote Sensing Measurements -- 5 UV-Fluorescence Remote Sensing -- 5.1 Rayleigh and Resonance Sounding of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere -- 5.2 High-Resolution Lidar System for Measuring the
Spatial and Temporal Structure of the Mesospheric Sodium Layer -- 5.3 Remote Sensing of OH in the Atmosphere Using the Technique of Laser-Induced Fluorescence -- 5.4 Use of the Fraunhofer Line Discriminator (FLD) for Remote Sensing of
Materials Stimulated to Luminesce by the Sun -- 5.5 Ozone and Water Vapor Monitoring Using a Ground-Based Lidar System -- 5.6 The NASA/Goddard Balloon Borne Lidar System -- 6 Laser Sources and Detectors -- 6.1 Development of Compact
Excimer Lasers for Remote Sensing -- 6.2 Solid-State Laser Sources for Remote Sensing -- 6.3 Progress in Laser Sources for Remote Sensing -- 6.4 Review of NDRE Remote Sensing Program and Development of High Pressure RF Excited CO2
Waveguide Lasers -- 6.5 Progress in Dye and Excimer Laser Sources for Remote Sensing -- 6.6 IR Detectors: Heterodyne and Direct -- 7 Advanced Optical Techniques -- 7.1 Optical Remote Sensing of Environmental Pollution and Danger by
Molecular Species Using Low-Loss Optical Fiber Network System -- 7.2 In situ Ultratrace Gas Detection by Photothermal Spectroscopy: An Overview -- 7.3 Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): A New Spectrochemical Technique -- 7.4
The High Spectral Resolution Lidar -- 8 Lidar Technology -- 8.1 Lidar Measurements of Clouds -- 8.2 Coherent IR Radar Technology -- 8.3 Tactical and Atmospheric Coherent Laser Radar Technology -- 8.4 Atmospheric Remote Sensing Using
the NOAA Coherent Lidar System -- 8.5 Coherent CO2 Lidar Systems for Remote Atmospheric Measurements -- 8.6 Wide-Area Air Pollution Measurement by the NIES Large Lidar -- 8.7 ALPHA-1/Alarm Airborne Lidar Systems and Measurements --
Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783540395522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 39
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461335993:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Human and Environmental Risks of Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (823 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3599-3
Contents:Definition of the Problem -- Dioxins as Contaminants of Herbicides: The U. S. Perspective -- Dioxins as Contaminants of Herbicides: Australian Perspective -- The Use of Scientific Information in the Development of Public Policies --
Regulatory Actions on Dioxins and Related Compounds -- Dioxins and Related Compounds as International Issues of Concern -- Analytical Chemistry -- Analytical Methodology for the Determination of PCDDs and PCDFs in Products and
Environmental Samples: An Overview and Critique -- High Resolution Mass Spectrometry Methods of Analysis for Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans -- Determination of tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and tetra-chlorodibenzofurans
in Environmental Samples by High Performance Liquid Chromatography, capillary gas chromatography and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry -- Methodology and Preliminary Results for the Isomer-Specific Determination of TCDDs and Higher
Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins in Chimney Particulates from Wood-Fueled Domestic Furnaces Located in Eastern, Central, and Western Regions of the United States -- Sampling and Analytical Methodologies for PCDDs and PCDFs in Incinerators
and Wood Burning Facilities -- Comparative Monitoring and Analytical Methodology for 2,3,7,8-TCDD in Fish -- Environmental Chemistry -- Emissions of PCDDs and PCDFs from Combustion Sources -- Changes in Dioxin Isomer Group Ratios in
the Environment: An Update and Extension of the Present Theory -- Analyses for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodbenzo-p-dioxin Residues in Environmental Samples -- Long-Term Studies on the Persistence and Movement of TCDD in a Natural Ecosystem --
Microbial Degradation of TCDD in a Model Ecosystem -- Residues of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzo-furans in the Laurentian Great Lakes Fish -- Identification of Polychlorinated Dioxins (PCDDs) and Dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in
Human Samples, Occupational Exposure and Yusho Patients -- Seveso — An Environmental Assessment -- Environmental Toxicology -- Environmental Toxicity of TCDD -- The Theory of Accumulation and Its Relationship to the Choice of
Monitoring Matrices for Dioxins -- A Field Study of Soil and Biological Specimens from a Herbicide Storage and Aerial-Test Staging Site Following Long-Term Contamination with TCDD -- Chick Edema Disease and Hepatic Porphyria in Lake
Ontario Herring Gull Embryos in the Early 1970s -- Long-Term Field Studies of a Rodent Population Continuously Exposed to TCDD -- Ultrastructural Comparison of Liver Tissues from Field and Laboratory TCDD-Exposed Beach Mice --
Biochemistry and Metabolism -- PCDDs and Related Compounds: Metabolism and Biochemistry -- 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin-Induced Weight Loss: A Proposed Mechanism -- Studies of the Mechanism of Action of Hepatotoxicity of
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds -- The Ah Receptor: A Specific Site for Action of Chlorinated Dioxins? -- Genetic Differences in Enzymes Which Metabolize Drugs, Chemical Carcinogens, and Other
Environmental Pollutants -- Factors Affecting the Disposition and Persistence of Halogenated Furans and Dioxins -- Adipose Tissue Storage of Polychlorinated Compounds -- Structure Elucidation of Mammalian TCDD-Metabolites -- Animal
Toxicology -- Absorption, Distribution and Metabolism of 2,3,7,8-Tetra-chlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in Experimental Animals -- Morphology of Lesions Produced by the Dioxins and Related Compounds -- A Consideration of the Mechanism of
Action of 2,3,7,8-Tetra-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and Related Halogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Human Observations -- Methodology of Clinical Studies on Exposed Populations -- A Mortality Study of Workers Employed at the Monsanto
Company Plant in Nitro, West Virginia -- Dioxin and Reproductive Events -- Significance of Cutaneous Lesions in the Symptomatology of Exposure to Dioxins and Other Chloracnegens -- Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Clues and Caution -- Risk
Assessment -- Risk Assessment: Introductory Remarks -- Assessing Risk in Legal Proceedings: How to Deal With Scientific Uncertainty in Toxic Substances Risk Assessments -- Some General Observations on the Safety of PCDDs -- Risk
Assessment for Regulation of Dioxin (TCDD) -- Risk Assessment for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) -- Laboratory Safety and Waste Management -- An Overview of Laboratory and Waste Management Guidelines for Toxic Chlorinated
Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans -- Laboratory Design Considerations for the Handling and Analysis of Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds -- Safe Handling of Toxic Chemicals: Perspectives of a Bench Chemist and Laboratory
Manager -- Safety Precautions for the Handling of TCDD -- A Program for Monitoring Potential Contamination in the Laboratory Following the Handling and Analyses of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans -- A Medical
Surveillance Program for Scientists Exposed to Dioxins and Furans -- Laboratory Handling and Disposal of Chlorinated Dioxin Wastes -- Physical and Chemical Properties of Dioxins in Relation to their Disposal -- The Design,
Implementation and Evaluation of the Industrial Hygiene Program Used During the Disposal of Herbicide Orange -- Panel Reports -- Analytical Chemistry -- Environmental Chemistry -- Environmental Toxicology -- Biochemistry and Metabolism
-- Animal Toxicology -- Human Observations -- Laboratory Safety and Waste Management -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461335993
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Environmental Science Research : 26
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9789401179478:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Petroleum Resources of Indonesia
Author(s): Ooi Jin Bee
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (256 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-7947-8
Contents:I The Development of the Oil Industry -- The Pre-war Phase -- The War Years -- The Early Post-war Period (1945–1966) -- The Post-1966 Period -- II Pertamina: The National Oil Company -- The Early Years -- Pertamina after 1975 -- III
Geological Setting for Indonesia’s Petroleum Deposits -- The Tertiary Basins of Indonesia -- Foreland Basins -- Cratonic Basins -- Outer Arc Basins -- Inner Arc Basins -- IV Exploration -- Exploration Targets -- Exploration Phases --
Offshore Boundary Problems -- V Production -- Production Patterns -- Distribution of Oil Fields -- VI Natural Gas -- VII Reserves And Resources -- Reserves -- Resources -- VIII The Role of Oil -- A Contract Areas, Indonesia, January
1980 -- B Summary of Recoverable Hydrocarbon Resources in Indonesia
ISBN:9789401179478
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Engineering , Renewable energy resources , Geotechnical engineering , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Engineering , Renewable and Green Energy , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9783540395324:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Eighth International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics Proceedings of the Conference, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany, June 28 – July 2, 1982
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (575 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-11948-5
Contents:Computational aerodynamics and design -- Numerical computations of explosions in gases -- Two-dimensional separated flows -- Numerical simulation of wall-bounded turbulent shear flows -- Shock capturing, fitting and recovery -- Flow
simulation by discrete vortex method -- A grid interfacing zonal algorithm for three-dimensional transonic flows about aircraft configurations -- An accurate and efficient finite element Euler equation algorithm -- Numerical
computation of large-scale fire-induced flows -- Simulation of the fluctuating field of a forced Jet -- Modeling of gasdynamic processes in neutron stars with phase transitions -- Adaptation of flux-corrected transport algorithms for
Modelina blast waves -- A local-relaxation method for solving convection-diffusion equations -- A numerical treatment of two-dimensional flow in a branching channel -- Finite element least square method for solving full steady Euler
equations in a plane nozzle -- Analysis of separated boundary-layer flows -- Numerical modelling of inviscid shocked flows of real gases -- An overrelaxation method for transonic flow calculations by Euler equations -- A Dorodnitsyn
finite element boundary layer formulation -- Large eddy simulation of a turbulent wall-bounded shear layer with longitudinal curvature -- Mixed initial and boundary value problems: Upwind schemes and their application -- An Eulerian
method for calculation of gas motion in a varying region -- Computation of inviscid transonic internal flow -- Random element method for numerical modeling of diffusional processes -- A high Reynolds number flow with closed streamlines
-- Compressible swirling flow into a constant volume cylinder -- Techniques for efficient implementation of pseudo-spectral methods and comparisons with finite difference solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations -- Numerical simulation
of the fluid flow in front of the scoop of a gas centrifuge -- Study of incompressible turbulent channel flow by large eddy simulation -- Numerical solution and boundary conditions for boundary layer like flows -- Relaxation solution
of the full Euler equations -- Spectral simulations of laminar-turbulent transition in plane Poiseuille flow and comparison with experiments -- Transonic-flow computation using an explicit-implicit method -- Numerical modeling of
viscous flows in approximation of full and simplified Navier-Stokes equations -- Numerical solution of transonic shear flows past thin bodies -- Transonic potential flow calculation about complex bodies by a technique of overlapping
subdomains -- Calculation method for transonic separated flows over airfoils including spoiler effects -- On the use of several compact methods for the study of unsteady incompressible viscous flow for outer problems (II) -- Mesh
generation strategies for CFD on complex configurations -- A new numerical method for the simulation of three-dimensional flow in a pipe -- An implicit finite-volume method for solving the Euler equations -- Finite difference
computation of pressure and wave-drag of slender bodies of revolution at transonic speeds with zero-lift -- Numerical solution of viscous flow in unbounded fluid -- A natural conservative flux difference splitting for the hyperbolic
systems of gasdynamics -- Simulation of cylindrical Couette flow -- Solution-adaptive grid for the calculation of three-dimensional laminar and turbulent boundary layers -- Calculation of pressure statistics in turbulent free shear
flows by direct numerical simulation -- An implicit finite difference method for chemical nonequilibrium flow through an axisymmetric supersonic nozzle -- Noniterative grid generation using parabolic difference equations for
fuselage-wing flow calculations -- The numerical calculation of rotating fluid flows at low Rossby numbers -- Numerical techniques for multidimensional modeling of shock-generated turbulence -- Adaptive curvilinear grids for large
Reynolds number viscous flows -- Simulation of large turbulent vortex structures with the parabolic Navier-Stokes equations -- Unigrid projection method to solve the Euler equations for steady transonic flow -- Numerical solution of
viscous flow around arbitrary airfoils in a straight cascade -- Numerical simulation of homogeneous anisotropic turbulence -- A composite velocity procedure for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations -- On calculation accuracy in
gas flow problems with shock type discontinuities -- Shock-fitted Euler solutions to shock-vortex interactions -- Euler solutions as limit of infinite Reynolds number for separation flows and flows with vortices -- Branching of
Navier-Stokes equations in a spherical gap -- On the construction of adaptive algorithms for unsteady problems of gas dynamics in arbitrary coordinate systems -- Analytical tests for numerical methods in gas dynamics -- Discrete models
of the kinetic Boltzman equation -- Application of a polynomial spline in higher-order accurate viscous-flow computations -- Flux-vector splitting for the Euler equations -- Numerical solution of the problem of supersonic flow past
wings of arbitrary form with a detached shock wave -- Solution of three-dimensional time-dependent viscous flows -- A minimal residual method for transonic potential flows -- Application of two-point difference schemes to the
conservative Euler equations for one-dimensional flows -- Numerical solution of the Euler equation for a compressible flow problem -- A high-resolution numerical technique for inviscid gas-dynamic problems with weak solutions -- Some
new developments of the singularity-separating difference method
ISBN:9783540395324
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 170
Keywords: Physics , Fluids , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9783642008085:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Network Models and Associated Applications
Author(s):
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (176 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0120934
Contents:Microdata file merging through large-scale network technology -- Using generalized networks to forecast natural gas distribution and allocation during periods of shortage -- A branch and bound network algorithm for interactive process
scheduling -- Applications of the operator theory of parametric programming for the transportation and generalized transportation problems -- A network model of insurance company cash flow management -- Traffic scheduling via Benders
decomposition -- A scaled reduced gradient algorithm for network flow problems with convex separable costs -- The simplex SON algorithm for LP/embedded network problems
ISBN:9783642008085
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematical Programming Studies: 15
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Mathematical optimization , Mathematics , Optimization , Mathematics of Computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436174:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (593 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3617-4
Contents:Keynote Address -- Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment: Some Thoughts on the Philosophy and Practice of Environmental Analytical Chemistry -- The Sampling and Measurement of Hydrocarbons in Natural
Waters -- A Fast Quantitative Analysis of a Wide Variety of Halogenated Compounds in Surface-, Drinking-, and Groud-Water -- Adsorption of Insecticide Residues — Importance in Environmental Sampling and Analysis -- Methodology for the
Isolation of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons for Qualitative, Quantitative, and Bioassay Studies -- Benzo(a)pyrene in the Marine Environment: Analytical Techniques and Results -- Chromatographic and Spectral Analysis of Polycyclic
Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Air and Water Environments -- Presence and Potential Significance of o-o’-Unsubstituted PCB Isomers and Trace Aroclor® 1248 and 1254 Impurities -- Analysis of Mirex in Lake Sediments: Problems and Solutions
-- Chloro-Organic Compounds in the Lower Fox River, Wisconsin -- The Determination and Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Source and Treated Waters -- Multicomponent Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Analysis of Inland Water
and Sediment -- An Evaluation of Purging Methods for Organics in Water -- Determination of Purgeable Organics in Sediment -- Analysis of Headspace Gases for Parts Per Billion Concentrations of Volatile Organic Contaminants in Water
Samples by Gas Chromatography -- Evaluation of Analytical Techniques for Assessment of Treatment Processes for Trace Halogenated Hydrocarbons -- The Examination and Estimation of the Performance Characteristics of a Standard Method for
Organochlorine Insecticides and PCB -- A System for the Preparation of Organohalogen Reference Materials with Marine Lipid Matrices -- Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry of Hydrocarbons and Halohydrocarbons -- Identification and
Quantitative Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on WCOT Glass Capillary Columns -- Automatic Analysis of Organic Pollutants in Water Via GC/MS -- Quantification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Marine Environmental Samples --
Reproductive Success of Herring Gulls as an Indicator of Great Lakes Water Quality -- Pesticide Monitoring in the Prairies of Western Canada -- Importance of Particulate Matter on the Load of Hydrocarbons of Motorway Runoff and
Secondary Effluents -- Organochlorines in Precipitation in the Great Lakes Region -- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Marine Environment: Gulf of Maine Sediments and Nova Scotia Soils -- Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Dutch Water
Samples Over the Years 1969 – 1977 -- A Model System for the Investigation of Methods of Herbicide Speciation -- Anthropogenic C1 and C2 Halocarbons: Potential Application as Coastal Water-Mass Tracers -- Prediction of Volatilization
Rates of Chemicals in Water -- Chlorinated Phenolic Compounds: Formation, Detection, and Toxicity in Drinking Water -- Screening South African Drinking-Waters for Organic Substances Hazardous to Health -- Trihalomethane Levels at
Selected Water Utilities in Kentucky, U.S.A. -- Formation of Trihalomethanes During Chlorination and Determination of Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Drinking Water -- Trihalomethane Levels in Canadian Drinking Water -- Aquatic Organism
Pathobiology as a Sentinel System to Monitor Environmental Carcinogens -- Bacterial Degradation of Crude Oil and Oil Components in Pure and Mixed Culture Systems -- Induction of Mixed Function Oxidase Enzymes in Fish by Halogenated and
Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Halogenated Biphenyl Metabolism -- Toxicity of Hydrocarbons and Their Halogenated Derivatives in an Aqueous Environment -- Fish Tumor Pathology and Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution in a Great Lakes Estuary --
Bioaccumulation of Arene and Organochlorine Pollutants by Cipangopaludina Chinensis (Gray, 1834) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Ponds in the Royal Botanical Gardens, Hamilton, Ontario -- The Correlation of the Toxicity to Algae of
Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons with their Physical-Chemical Properties -- Erratum
ISBN:9781468436174
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 16
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781461590835:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Conductivity 15
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (493 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-9083-5
Contents:Plenary Session 1 -- Keynote address -- Session A General Subjects -- The Feasibility of Using Infrared Scanning to Test Flaws in Ceramic Materials -- Prediction of Precooling Heat Transfer in Citrus Fruits -- Interpretation of
Optical Interferograms Using a New Theory for Refractive Index — Temperature Dependence -- Application of Laser Holographic Interferometry to Natural Convection in Enclosures -- Thermal Conductivity Analysis of a Multichip Micropackage
-- Session B Solids at High Temperature -- Thermal Conductivity of Heavily Doped p-type Indium Antimonide -- The Thermal Conductivity of the Group V Semimetals -- The Transport Properties of the Cubic Alkaline Earths Ca, Sr and Ba
(Abstract) -- The Ettingshausen-Nernst Coefficients and Physical Properties of Nickel and Alumel (Abstract) -- Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity of Selected Carbon Steels, Chromium Steels, Nickel Steels and Stainless Steels
(Abstract) -- Thermal Conductivity and Electrical Resistivity of Eight Selected AISI Stainless Steels -- Session C Reactor Materials -- Thermophysical Properties: Some Experiences in Research, Development and Applications -- Ex-Reactor
Determination of Thermal Gap Conductance Between Uranium Dioxide: Zircaloy-4 Interfaces -- Graphite-to-Metal Bonding Techniques -- Thermal Conductivity and Electrical Resistivity of Simulated Fuel Elements (Abstract) -- Thermal
Diffusivity of Layered Composites -- The Physical Properties of Inconel Alloy 718 from 300 to 1000 K (Abstract) -- Session D Techniques, Data Analysis -- Use of a General Bessel Solution in the Comparative Measurement of UO2 Thermal
Conductivity -- Graphite as a Standard Reference Material -- Cyclic Heat Flow Meter Apparatus to Measure Thermal Contact Resistance, Conductivity and Diffusivity -- On Correcting Thermophysical Property Data for Thermal Expansion
Effects -- Measurement of the Lorenz Function by the Electrical Method (Abstract) -- Session E Theory, Solids at Low Temperature -- Phonon Limited Resistivity to O(T2) -- Competition Between the Electron-Electron and Electron-Phonon
Mechanisms in the Electrical and Thermal Resistivities of Simple Metals -- Deviations from Matthiessen’s Rule and the Electronic Thermal Conductivity of Alloys -- Session F Gases and Liquids -- Thermal Conductivity of Dissociating
Hydrogen-Argon Mixtures at High Temperatures -- On the Principle of Corresponding States for Transport Properties of Simple Dense Fluids -- Thermal Conductivity of Neon, Argon and Their Mixtures at High Temperatures (400–1500 K) --
Experimental Aspects of the Transient Hot-Wire Technique for Thermal Conductivity Measurements -- The Thermal Conductivity of Liquids — a Critical Survey -- Measurement of Thermal Properties of Liquids by the Method of Radial
Temperature Waves -- Session G Rocks and Soils -- Thermal Conductivity of S.E. New Mexico Rocksalt and Anhydrite -- Thermal Responses in Underground Experiments in a Dome Salt Formation -- Space-Time-Temperature Profiles for Conductive
Heat Flow in Country Rock Surrounding Hot Intrusive Bodies -- Thermal Conductivity of Certain Rock Types and its Relevance to the Storage of Nuclear Waste -- Thermal Diffusivity and Thermal Expansion of Some Rock Types in Relation to
Storage of Nuclear Waste -- Session H Insulation -- Thermal Characteristics of Gas-Filled Fiber Powder Insulation Systems -- Heat Transfer in Microsphere Insulation in the Presence of a Gas -- Opacified Silica Reusable Surface
Insulation (RSI) for Thermal Protection of the Space Shuttle Orbiter -- Emittance of TD-NiCr After Simulated Reentry Heating -- Slabs Subdivision Effects on Walls Thermal Behaviour -- Plenary Session II -- Progress in High Temperature
Measurement in Laboratory -- Session I Nuclear Waste Disposal, Coal -- Thermal Transport Studies in Deepsea Sediment -- Thermal Conductivity of Rocks Associated with Energy Extraction from Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Systems -- Energy Loss
by Thermal Conduction and Natural Convection in Annular Solar Receivers -- Heat Transfer Through Coals and Other Naturally Occurring Carbonaceous Rocks -- Session J Diffusivity, Contact Conductance -- Thermal Diffusivity of Potassium
Magnesium Titanates Having a Hollandite Structure -- Thermal Diffusivity of Pure Iron and Dilute Iron Alloys from 500 to 1250 K -- Thermal Diffusivity Measurement of Temperature Sensitive Materials by an Extended Pulse Technique --
Thermal Diffusivity of Dispersed Materials (Abstract) -- Thermal Diffusivity Measurements at High Temperatures by the Radial Flash Method (Abstract) -- Determination of the Thermal Diffusivity of Two-Layer Composite Samples by the
Modulated Heating Beam Method -- List of Authors
ISBN:9781461590835
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Materials science , Physics , Thermodynamics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Materials Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9781468407990:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Arctic Systems
Author(s):
Date:1977
Size:1 online resource (956 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-0799-0
Contents:Inaugural Address -- Need for International Cooperation in the Arctic -- Keynote Addresses -- Arctic Environmental Management Systems -- Arctic Traffic Management, Navigation, and Communication System -- Arctic Transportation Systems
-- Arctic Operational Information and Forecasting Systems -- Arctic Underwater Operational Systems -- Arctic Social and Cultural Systems -- Working Papers -- Environmental Protection and Quality Enhancement in an Arctic Region Part I —
Environmental Guidelines and Utilities Delivery -- Environmental Protection and Quality Enhancement in an Arctic Region Part II — Environmental Emergency Situations -- Environmental Aspects of Contingency Planning at Prudhoe Bay,
Alaska -- Natural Gas Pipelines in the Arctic Environment Polar Gas Project: Part I — “Engineering Research” -- Natural Gas Pipelines in the Arctic Environment Polar Gas Project: Part II — “Environmental Research” -- An Environmental
Research Program for Drilling in the Canadian Beaufort Sea -- Arctic Oil Cleanup System — Subsystem Requirements -- Multispecies Models of an Exploited Sea -- A Vision of a Future Home Rule Cultural Policy for Greenland Compared with
Present Conditions -- Dynamic Models of the Socio-Economic Role of Telecommunications Technology -- The Man in the Arctic Program (MAP): Economic, Demographic, and Socio-Cultural Effects of Development in Alaska -- The Development of
Petroleum Resources in the Canadian Arctic: Perspective on the Evolution of Environmental and Social Policies -- Arctic Resource Transportation: Present System and Future Development -- Ice Resistance Without Ice: Simulation of Ship
Resistance in Ice Fields -- Arctic Marine Structures: Some Aspects of Systems Approach -- System Analysis of Logistics Planning for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction in the Arctic Region -- Discussion Contribution Regarding Improvement
Potential of Ice-Navigation -- A Proposed Formulation and Analysis Procedure for a National Policy on Canadian Ice-Capable Ocean Transport Management -- Proposal for an Arctic Services Joint Operations Centre -- A Review of Navigation
Systems and Their Applicability to the Arctic -- Applicability of Loran-C to the Arctic -- Omega in the Arctic and Its Rendezvous Capability for Logistic Supply -- Communications in the Arctic -- An Open Systems Approach to U.S. Ice
Forecasting: Present Capabilities and Recommendations -- Interpretation of SLAR Imagery of Ice in Nares Strait and the Arctic Ocean -- Labrador Current Predictive Model -- Beaufort Sea Automated Environmental Prediction — Pilot Arctic
System -- Thermal Requirements of Divers and Submersibles in Arctic Waters -- Cold Problems at Dives in Arctic Waters -- Submersible Activities Under Arctic Conditions -- Submersible Operations in the Arctic -- Working Session
Chairmen’s Reports -- Arctic Transportation Systems -- Arctic Traffic Management, Navigation and Communication Systems -- Arctic Operational Information and Forecast Systems -- Arctic Underwater Operational Systems -- Arctic
Environmental Protection Systems -- Arctic Social and Cultural Systems -- Summary of Conference Conclusions -- Conference Deliberation -- The Conference as an Exercise in Communication: A Critique -- Organizing Committee -- List of
Delegates
ISBN:9781468407990
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nato Conference Series : 2
Keywords: Life sciences , Microscopy , Life Sciences , Biological Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9789401022392:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cosmochemical Evolution and the Origins of Life Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Origin of Life and the First Meeting of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life Barcelona, June 25–28, 1973 Volume I: Invited Papers
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (524 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-2239-2
Contents:Preface -- I / Cosmochemistry -- Fitness in the Universe: Choices and Necessities -- Galactic Clouds of Organic Molecules -- The Outer Solar System: Perspectives for Exobiology -- Catalytic Reactions in the Solar Nebula: Implications
for Interstellar Molecules and Organic Compounds in Meteorites -- II / Paleobiology -- Natural Evidence for Chemical and Early Biological Evolution -- Aspects of the Geologic History of Seawater -- Homeostatic Tendencies of the Earth’s
Atmosphere -- Microfossils from the Middle Precambrian McArthur Group, Northern Territory, Australia -- The Development and Diversification of Precambrian Life -- III / Primordial Organic Chemistry -- The Atmosphere of the Primitive
Earth and the Prebiotic Synthesis of Amino Acids -- Biomolecules from HCN -- The Prebiotic Synthesis of Oligonucleotides -- The Possible Role of Clays in Prebiotic Peptide Synthesis -- Interactions Between Amino Acids and Nucleotides
in the Prebiotic Milieu -- Coacervate Systems and Origin of Life -- Transfer RNA and the Translation Apparatus in the Origin of Life -- IV / Precellular Organization -- A Hypothetic Scheme for Evolution of Probionts -- From Proteinoid
Microsphere to Contemporary Cell: Formation of Internucleotide and Peptide Bonds by Proteinoid Particles -- Chemical and Catalytical Properties of Thermal Polymers of Amino Acids (Proteinoids) -- Pre-Enzymic Origin of Metabolic Redox
Processes and of the Energy Storage Processes -- Experimental Attempts for the Study of the Origin of Optical Activity on Earth -- Life’s Beginnings — Origin or Evolution? -- V / Early Biochemical Evolution -- On the Chemical
Constitution of Cometary Nuclei -- Photochemical Conversions of Lower Aldehydes in Aqueous Solutions and in Fog -- Inferences from Protein and Nucleic Acid Sequences: Early Molecular Evolution, Divergence of Kingdoms and Rates of
Change -- On the Possible Origin and Evolution of the Genetic Code -- Genetics and the Origin of the Genetic Code -- Origin of the Genetic Code: A Physical-Chemical Model of Primitive Codon Assignments -- The IIon-Sulphur Proteins:
Evolution of a Ubiquitous Protein from Model Systems to Higher Organisms -- A New Hypothesis for the Evolution of Biological Electron Transport -- Pathways of Chemical Evolution of Photosynthesis -- Inorganic Types of Fermentation and
Anaerobic Respirations in the Evolution of Energy-Yielding Metabolism -- VI / Exobiology -- Test Results on the Viking Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer Experiment -- Automated Life-Detection Experiments for the Viking Mission to
Mars -- Organic Contamination Problems in the Viking Molecular Analysis Experiment -- Model Systems for Life Processes on Mars -- An Automatically-Returned Martian Sample by 1985? -- Life on Jupiter? -- The Possibility of Organic
Molecule Formation in the Venus Atmosphere -- Planetary Systems and Extraterrestrial Life -- The Origin of Life in a Cosmic Context -- List of Participants -- Index of Subjects
ISBN:9789401022392
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9789401021531:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemical Spectroscopy and Photochemistry in the Vacuum-Ultraviolet Proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute, held under the Auspices of NATO and the Royal Society of Canada, August 5–17, 1973, Valmorin, Quebec, Canada
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (618 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-2153-1
Contents:Vacuum Ultraviolet and Photoelectron Spectroscopy — Historical Background and Survey -- Aspects of Molecular Rydberg States -- Photoelectron Spectroscopy -- Absolute Intensities and Classification of Transitions in Electron Impact
Spectroscopy -- Photoionization of Free Radicals -- Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Molecular Beams -- High Resolution Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy of Diatomic Molecules -- Optical Properties of Liquids in the Vacuum UV -- The Far
Ultraviolet Absorption Spectra of Organic Molecules: Lone Pairs and Double Bonds -- The Ethane Problem -- A Pot-Pourri of Ultraviolet and Photoelectron Spectra of Iodides -- Beyond the Orbital Approximation -- Natural and Magnetic
Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy in the Vacuum Ultraviolet -- (H3C)2C=C(CH3)2, (H3C)2BN(CH3)2, (H3C)BF and (H3C)3B. Further Evidence for a ? ? ?* Assignment of the OLEFIN UV “Mystery” Band -- Photoelectron Spectra of Moderate Sized
Molecules -- HAM — a Semi-Empirical MO Theory -- Ab Initio Calculations for Excited States of Molecules -- Threshold Electron-Impact Spectroscopy -- Spectra of Free Radicals and Molecular Ions Produced by Vacuum Ultraviolet Photolysis
in Low-Temperature Matrices -- Rydberg States of Diatomic and Polyatomic Molecules -- Theory of Intravalency and Rydberg Transitions in Molecules -- On the Assignment of Molecular Rydberg Series -- On Molecular Rydberg Term Values --
Correlation of Molecular and Rare Gas Term Values -- On the Possibilities of Studying the Electronic Structure of Organic Molecules through the Analysis of the Wave Function -- The Early Years of Photochemistry in the Vacuum
Ultraviolet -- Photoionization and Fragmentation of Polyatomic Molecules -- Far Ultraviolet Photochemistry of Organic Compounds -- Energy Partioning in the Photochemistry of Alkanes -- Recent Studies of the Fluorescence from Some
Hydrocarbon Molecules -- Production of Electronically Excited Species in Photodissociation of Simple Molecules in the Vacuum Ultraviolet -- Energy Partitioning in the Photofragments -- Generation of Coherent Light in the Vacuum
Ultraviolet -- Synchrotron Radiation as a Light Source -- Optical Studies of Molecular Crystals in the Vacuum Ultraviolet Using Synchrotron Radiation -- Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres and Interstellar Molecules
ISBN:9789401021531
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 8
Keywords: Chemistry , Analytical chemistry , Chemistry , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:QC711.P384 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electrical discharges in gases
Author(s): Frans Michel Penning 1894-1953
Translated by A.F. Monypenny
Date:1957
Publisher:Macmillian: New York
Size:84 pgs.
Contents:1. Gas Discharges, Natural and Man-Made, 2. The Conduction of Electricity in Metals and Gases, 3. Non Self-Sustaining Discharges, 4. The Movement of Electrons and Ions Through a Gas, 5. The Non Self-Sustaining ARC Discharge, 6. The Townsend Discharge and Breakdown, 7. Sparks and Lighting, 8. The Glow Discharge, 9. the Self-Sustaining ARC Discharge, 10. The Positive Column
Series:Philips' technical library: [Miscellaneous series] v.89
Keywords: Electric discharges through gases.
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Location: MAIN

Call number:JGA-RP-107 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:LNG (Liquified Natural Gas): Guidance for underground storage of
Author(s): Japanese Gas Association
Date:2012
Publisher:Japanese Gas Association
Note:JGA-RP-107
Note:In Japanese, content needs to be translated
Keywords: Natural Gas , Neutrino Dectector , Cryogenics
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Location: STANDARDS

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