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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/12686.13 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword nuclear chemistry ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319441658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (IX, 389 p. 134 illus., 95 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Part I Nuclear Structure and Superheavy Elements: Intertwining of Greiner's Theoretical Works and our Experimental Studies (J.H. Hamilton et al.) -- Eighty years of research on super-heavy nuclei (S. Hofmann) -- Perspectives of heavy
and superheavy nuclei research (A.V. Karpov et al.) -- Superheavy Element Chemistry - New experimental results challenge theoretical understanding (R. Eichler) -- 25 Years of FRS Experiments and New Horizons (H. Geissel et al.) -- SHE
Research with Rare-Isotope Beams, Challenges and Perspectives, and the new Generation of SHE Factories (G. Münzenberg et al.) -- Multi-modal Collinear Ternary Fission (W. von Oertzen et al.) -- From the stable to the exotic: clustering
in light nuclei (C. Beck) -- Towards Laser Spectroscopy of Superheavy Elements (H. Backe) -- Part II Physics of Heavy-Ion Collisions: Chemical freeze-out conditions in hadron resonance gas (V. Vovchenko et al.) -- The QCD Phase Diagram
and Hadron Formation in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions (F. Becattini et al.) -- Degrees of Freedom of the Quark Gluon Plasma, tested by Heavy Mesons (H. Berrehrah et al.) -- Electromagnetic emissivity of hot and dense matter (E.L.
Bratkovskaya at al.) -- Heavy-Ion Collisions: Status of Chemical Equilibrium (J. Cleymans) -- Novel developments of HYDJET++ model for ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions (L. Bravina et al.) -- Jet tomography in heavy-ion
collisions-Challenges, Results, and Open Problems (B. Betz) -- Part III QED - Strong Fields and High Precision: Probing QED Vacuum with Heavy Ions (J. Rafelski et al.) -- Laser assisted Breit-Wheeler and Schwinger processes (T. Nousch
et al.) -- A method to measure vacuum birefringence at FCC-ee (U.I. Uggerhoj et al.) -- Unifying Quantum Electro-Dynamics and Many-Body Perturbation Theory (I. Lindgren et al.) -- Part IV Astrophysics: Simulations of accretion disks
around massive stars (M. Algalán et al.).-Neutron Stars-Possibilities and Limits for Exotic Phases (S. Schramm et al.) -- The Case for an Underground Neutrino Facility in South Africa (Z.Z. Vilakazia et al.) -- Part IV Special topics:
Covariant Hamiltonian representation of Noether's theorem and its application to SU(N) gauge theories (J. Struckmeier et al.) -- Infrastructure Estimates for a Highly Renewable Global Electricity Grid (M. Dahl et al.) -- Power flow
tracing in complex networks (M. Schäfer et al.) -- Patent protection of high-level research results (T. J. Bürvenich)
ISBN:9783319441658
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Matter , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:3818:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of accelerator physics and engineering [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alex Chao
M. Tigner
Date:1999
Publisher:River Edge, NJ : World Scientific
Size:1 online resource (999 p.)
Note:Unlimited concurrent users
Note:World Scientific eBook Platform
Contents:Quantum chemistry -- Classical and quantum electrodynamics -- Path integrals and operator calculus: QED and other applications -- Liquid helium -- Physics of elementary particles -- Quantum gravity -- Computer theory
ISBN:9810248148
Series:eBooks Single
Keywords: Particle accelerators Handbooks, manuals, etc. , Nuclear physics Handbooks, manuals, etc.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319339276:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron Spin Interactions in Chemistry and Biology Fundamentals, Methods, Reactions Mechanisms, Magnetic Phenomena, Structure Investigation
Author(s): Gertz Likhtenshtein
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (50 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33927-6
Contents:Spin Exchange and Electron Transfer -- Spin Exchange Processes Involving Excited Triplet States -- Spin Electron Dipolar and Contact Interactions -- Spin-Selective Processes of Electron and Nuclear Spins -- Experimental Methods of
Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on ESR Phenomena — Continuous Wave EPR Measurements -- Experimental Methods of Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on ESR Phenomena: Pulse ESR Measurements --
Miscellaneous Methods of Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on Optical and Other Techniques -- Electron Spin Effects in Chosen Chemical and Physical Processes -- Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields Effects on Chemical
and Biological Processes -- Electron Spin Interactions in Investigation of Structure and Spin State of Organic and Metallo organic Compounds -- Electron Transfer in Biological Systems. Light Energy Conversion -- Spin Labeling Methods.
ISBN:9783319339276
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Bioorganic chemistry , Nanochemistry , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Biophysics , Physics , Single Molecule Studies, Molecular Motors , Nanochemistry , Bioorganic Chemistry , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Nanoscale Science and Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319317632:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Discovery of Isotopes A Complete Compilation
Author(s): Michael Thoennessen
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31763-2
Contents:Preface -- Dedication -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Radioactive Decay Chains -- Isotopes of Stable Elements -- First Nuclear Reactions -- Transuranium Elements -- Neutron Induced Fission -- Neutron Induced Reactions -- Photon
and Pion Induced Reactions -- Light Charged Particle Reactions -- Spallation and Charged-Particle Induced Fission -- Fusion Evaporation Reactions -- Superheavy Elements -- Spontaneous Fission -- Heavy Ion Transfer and Deep Inelastic
Reactions -- Projectile Fragmentation and Fission -- Unbound Isotopes -- Summary and Outlook
ISBN:9783319317632
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Nuclear Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319200460:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (57 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20046-0
Contents:Part I The Life and Work of Karl Schwarzschild. -Karl Schwarzschild and Frankfurt (Frank Linhard) -- Part II Black Holes in Classical General Relativity, Numerical Relativity, Astrophysics, Cosmology and Alternative Theories of
Gravity -- Black Hole Observations - towards the Event Horizon (Silke Britzen) -- Primordial Black Holes and Quantum Effects (B. J. Carr) -- There are no black holes - Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (Walter Greiner, Peter O. Hess,
Mirko Schäfer, Thomas Schönenbach, and Gunther Caspar) -- Analytical solutions for geodesic equation in black hole spacetimes (Claus Lämmerzahl and Eva Hackmann) -- A physical derivation of the Kerr–Newman black hole solution (Reinhard
Meinel) -- On the Black Holes in alternative theories of gravity: The case of non-linear massive gravity (Ivan Arraut) -- The Near-Horizon Limit (Jiří Daněk) -- Sourcing a Varying-Mass Black Hole in a Cosmological Background (Michele
Fontanini, Daniel C. Guariento) -- Tidally Distorted Black Holes (Norman Gürlebeck) -- Self–completeness in Alternative Theories of Gravity (Maximiliano Isi, Jonas Mureika and Piero Nicolini) -- Gravitational collapse to black holes
and more (Daniele Malafarina) -- Experimental Tests of Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (Thomas Schönenbach, Gunther Caspar, Peter O. Hess, Thomas Boller, Andreas Müller, Mirko Schäfer and Walter Greiner) -- Magnetic field
amplification in hypermassive neutron stars via the magnetorotational instability (Daniel M. Siegel and Riccardo Ciolfi) -- Extracting information on the equation of state from binary neutron stars (Kentaro Takami, Luciano Rezzolla and
Luca Baiotti) -- Part III Black Holes in Quantum Gravity and String Theory -- Higher Spin AdS / CFT correspondence & quantum gravity aspects of AdS/CFT (Martin Ammon) -- Black Holes in the Asymptotic Safety program (Alfio Bonanno) --
Quantum black holes and effective quantum gravity approaches (Xavier Calmet) -- The Black Hole Uncertainty Principle Correspondence (B. J. Carr) -- Scattering and unitarity methods in two dimensions (Valentina Forini, Lorenzo Bianchi
and Ben Hoare) -- Gravity Duals to Non-Relativistic Quantum Field Theories (Andreas Karch and Stefan Janiszewski) -- A ‘regularized’ Schwarzschild solution (F.R. Klinkhamer) -- The Chemistry of Black Holes (Robert B. Mann) -- Black
Holes in Supergravity (K. S. Stelle) -- Thermodynamic of Distorted Reissner-Nordström Black Holes in Five-dimensions (Shohreh Abdolrahimi) -- What is the Schwarzschild radius of a quantum mechanical particle? (Roberto Casadio) -- The
Background Effective Average Action Approach to Quantum Gravity (Giulio D’Odorico, Alessandro Codello, and Carlo Pagani) -- Phase transitions of regular Schwarzschild-Anti-de Sitter black holes (Antonia Micol Frassino) -- Vector Fields
and Kerr/CFT Correspondence (A. M. Ghezelbash) -- Black Holes in Non-relativistic Holography (Stefan Janiszewski) -- Black holes and running couplings: A comparison of two complementary approaches (Benjamin Koch, Carlos Contreras,
Paola Rioseco, and Frank Saueressig) -- Quantum Harmonic Black Holes (Alessio Orlandi, Roberto Casadio) -- Holographic entanglement entropy of semi-local quantum liquids (Da-Wei Pang, Johanna Erdmenger, and Hansjörg Zeller) --
Quadratic Palatini gravity and stable black hole remnants (D. Rubiera-Garcia, Francisco S. N. Lobo, and Gonzalo J. Olmo) -- Kermions (Elizabeth Winstanley) -- Part IV Other Topics in Contemporary Gravitation -- Quantum Gravity and the
Cosmological Constant Problem (J. W. Moffat) -- Emergent gravity and the cosmological constant (T. Padmanabhan) -- Tunnelling methods and Unruh-DeWitt detectors in curved spacetimes (Giovanni Acquaviva) -- Fermions on adS (Victor E.
Ambrus, and Elizabeth Winstanley) -- Study on Rescaling Extrinsic Curvature in Gravitational Initial Data (Shan Bai and Niall ´O Murchadha) -- Massive gravities (Dennis D. Dietrich) -- Self Sustained Traversable Wormholes and Topology
Change Induced by Gravity’s Rainbow (Remo Garattini) -- A general maximum entropy principle for self-gravitating perfect fluid (Sijie Gao) -- Dynamical holographic QCD model: resembling renormalization group from ultraviolet to
infrared (Mei Huang and Danning Li) -- Modified Theories of Gravity with Nonminimal Coupling and the Faint Young Sun Paradox (Lorenzo Iorio) -- A Practical Look at Regge Calculus (Dimitri Marinelli and Giorgio Immirzi) -- Boundary
States of the Potts Model on Random Planar Maps (Benjamin Niedner, Max Atkin and John Wheater) -- One-loop Effective Action in Quantum Gravitation (L. Rachwal, A. Codello, and R. Percacci) -- Heavy Probes in Strongly Coupled Plasmas
With Chemical Potential (Andreas Samberg and Carlo Ewerz)
ISBN:9783319200460
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 170
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Particle and Nuclear Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642402975:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The History and Science of the Manhattan Project [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bruce Cameron Reed
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The development of atomic bombs under the auspices of the U. S. Armys Manhattan Project during World War II is considered to be the outstanding news story of the twentieth century. In this book, a physicist and expert on thehistory of the Project pre sents a comprehensive overview of this momentous achievement. The first three chapters cover the history of nuclear physics from the discovery of radioactivity to the discovery of fission, and would be idealfor instructors of a sophomore-level Modern Phys ics course. Student-level exercises at the ends of the chapters are accompanied by answers. Chapter 7 covers the physics of first-generation fission weapons at a similar level,again accompanied by exercises and answers. For the interested layman and for n on-science students and instructors, the book includes extensive qualitative material on the history, organization, implementation, and results of theManhattan Project and the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing missions. The reader also learns about the legac y of the Project as reflected in the current world stockpiles of nuclear weapons.
Contents:Introduction and Overview
A Short History of Nuclear Physics to the Mid
1930s
The Discovery and Interpretation of Nuclear Fission
Organizing the Manhattan Project, 1939
1943
Oak Ridge, CP
1, and the Clinton Engineer Works
The Hanford Engineer Works
Los Alamos, Trinity, and Tinian
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Legacy of Manhattan
Glossary
ISBN:9783642402975
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642387272:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hiroshima to Fukushima [electronic resource] : Biohazards of Radiation
Author(s): Eiichiro Ochiai
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Set against a backdrop of the recent disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, Hiroshima to Fukushima examines the issue of radiation safety. The author provides important and accurate scientific information about theradioactive substances arisi ng from nuclear power plants and weapons, including the effects of this radiation on living organisms. Currently, humankind is at a crossroads and must decide whether to phase out or increase its reliance onnuclear power as weapons and an energy source. A lthough a few countries, mostly European, have vowed to abolish nuclear power as an energy source, many other countries are about to increase their nuclear power programs. This book iswritten from a Japanese perspective and thus provides an alternative to views of Western writers. The author includes rigorous scientific analyses, however maintains a broad scope which allows the book to be accessible todecision-makers and non-specialists
Contents:Part I The Scientific Bases of Nuclear World, Radiation and Chemical World
The Nuclear World and Nuclear Power
Radiation
The Chemical World
Part II The Military Uses of Nuclear Power
The Development of the Atomic Bomb
Dropping of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki The Devastation
Depleted Uranium Bombs
Part III The Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Power
Development of Nuclear Power Reactors
Examples of Major Failures at Nuclear Power Plants
Part IV The Scientific Basis of Interaction of Radiation with the Chemical World
General Consideration of Interac
ISBN:9783642387272
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science Policy Reports, 2213-1965
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear chemistry , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642375552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Protein-Nanoparticle Interactions [electronic resource] : The Bio-Nano Interface
Author(s): Masoud Rahman
Sophie Laurent
Nancy Tawil
L'Hocine Yahia
Morteza Mahmoudi
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years, the fabrication of nanomaterials and exploration of their properties have attracted the attention of various scientific disciplines such as biology, physics, chemistry, and engineering. Although nanoparticulatesystems are of signific ant interest in various scientific and technological areas, there is little known about the safety of these nanoscale objects. It has now been established that the surfaces of nanoparticles are immediatelycovered by biomolecules (e.g. proteins, ions, and enzymes) upon their entrance into a biological medium. This interaction with the biological medium modulates the surface of the nanoparticles, conferring a biological identity totheir surfaces (referred to as a corona), which determines the subsequent cel lular/tissue responses. The new interface between the nanoparticles and the biological medium/proteins, called bio-nano interface, has been veryrarely studied in detail to date, though the interest in this topic is rapidly growing. In this book, the impor tance of the physiochemical characteristics of nanoparticles for the properties of the protein corona is discussed indetail, followed by comprehensive descriptions of the methods for assessing the protein-nanoparticle interactions. The advantages and limi tations of available corona evaluation methods (e.g. spectroscopy methods, mass spectrometry,nuclear magnetic resonance, electron microscopy, X-ray crystallography, and differential centrifugal sedimentation) are examined in detail, followed by a discussi on of the possibilities for enhancing the current methods and a call fornew techniques. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of protein-nanoparticle interaction phenomena are explored and discussed, with a focus on the biological impacts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Biological Significance of Nano interactions
Nanoparticle and Protein Corona
Protein Corona: Applications and Challenges
Analytical Methods for Corona Evaluations
ISBN:9783642375552
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Biophysics, 0932-2353 : v15
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Toxicology , Biochemistry , RNA-ligand interactions , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642350528:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science [electronic resource] : Volume IX
Author(s): Kaoru Yamanouchi
Katsumi Midorikawa
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The PUILS series delivers up-to-date reviews of progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science, a newly emerging interdisciplinary research field spanning atomic and molecular physics, molecular science, and optical science, whichhas been stimulated by the recent developments in ultrafast laser technologies. Each volume compiles peer-reviewed articles authored by researchers at the forefront of each their own subfields of UILS. Every chapter opens with anoverview of the topics to be discussed, so that r esearchers unfamiliar to the subfield, as well as graduate students, can grasp the importance and attractions of the research topic at hand these are followed by reports of cutting-edgediscoveries. This ninth volume covers a broad range of topics from thi s interdisciplinary research field, focusing on ultrafast molecular responses to an intense laser field, advanced techniques for attosecond pulse generation, atomicand molecular responses to attosecond pulses, photoelectron spectroscopy of atoms and molec ules interacting with intense light fields, and attosecond pulse interaction with solid materials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Trajectory
Based Coulomb
Corrected Strong Field Approximation
The Role of Nuclear vibrational Motion in Molecular High Harmonic Generation in a Mid
infrared Laser Field
Attosecond Dynamics of Coherent Electron
Nuclear Wave Packets in Molecules
Gating Techniques for Shaping of Attosecond Pulses
Transform
limited Attosecond Pulse Generation through Atto
chirp Compensation by Material Dispersion
Carrier
Envelope Phase Stabilization
ISBN:9783642350528
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v104
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476757:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanomaterials Imaging Techniques, Surface Studies, and Applications [electronic resource] : Selected Proceedings of the FP7 International Summer School Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations, August26-September 2, 2012, Bukovel, Uk raine / edited by Olena Fesenko, Leonid Yatsenko, Mikhaylo Brodin
Author(s): Olena Fesenko
Leonid Yatsenko
Mikhaylo Brodin
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents cutting-edge research on a wide range of nanotechnology techniques and applications. It features contributions from scientists who participated in the International Summer School Nanotechnology: FromFundamental Research to Innovati ons in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 26 September 2, 2012 funded by the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning implemented by the Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraineand partner institutions: University of Tartu (Estonia), E uropean Profiles A.E. (Greece), University of Turin (Italy) and Universit Pierre et Marie Curie (France). Worldwide experts present the latest results on such key topics asmicroscopy of nanostructures nanocomposites nanostructured interfaces and surfaces nanooptics nanoplasmonics and enhanced vibrational spectroscopy. Imaging technique coverage ranges from atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy,multiphoton imagery, and laser diagnostics of nanomaterials and nanostructures, to resonance Raman and SERS fo r surface characterization, and scanning tunneling microscopy of organic molecules. The breadth of topics highlights theexciting variety of research currently being undertaken in this field and suggests exciting opportunities for interdisciplinary collabo ration and future research. Presents microscopy, spectroscopy and laser imaging techniques fornanomaterials and nanocomposites Covers state-of-the-art advances in areas such as nano-bio architectures, metal nanostructures and active materials, and chemica l preparation of graphene Represents essential reading for advancedundergraduate and graduate students through practicing university and industry researchers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Imaging Techniques Microscopy, Spectroscopy and Lasers
1: Nano
Bio Architectures: Combining Chemistry and Biology in Nanotechnology
2: Comparative Analysis of the IR Signal Enhancement of Biomolecules Adsorbed on Graphene and Graphene Oxide Nanosheets
3: Infrared Spectroscopy in Studying Biofunctionalised Gold Nanoparticles
4: Formation of Nanoparticle Chains Within Liquid Crystal Defect Arrays
5: Carbon Nanotubes Deagglomeration in Aqueous Solutions
6: Graphene
like autointercalated Niobium Diselenide nanoparticles: new possibility of 2D nanomaterials
ISBN:9781461476757
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v146
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Engineering , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461443704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Intracellular Signaling Mediators in the Circulatory and Ventilatory Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Marc Thiriet
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The volumes in this authoritative series present a multidisciplinary approach to modeling and simulation of flows in the cardiovascular and ventilatory systems, especially multiscale modeling and coupled simulations. Thecardiovascular and respiratory systems are tightly coupled, as their primary function is to supply oxygen to and remove carbon dioxide from the body's cells. Because physiological conduits have deformable and reactive walls,macroscopic flow behavior and prediction must be coupled to p henomenological models of nano- and microscopic events in a corrector scheme of regulated mechanisms when the vessel lumen caliber varies markedly. Therefore, investigationof flows of blood and air in physiological conduits requires an understanding of th e biology, chemistry, and physics of these systems together with the mathematical tools to describe their functioning. Volume 4 is devoted to major setsof intracellular mediators that transmit signals upon stimulation of cell-surface receptors. Activation of signaling effectors triggers the release of substances stored in cellular organelles and/or gene transcription and proteinsynthesis. Complex stages of cell signaling can be studied using proper mathematical models, once the role of each component is c arefully handled. Volume 4 also reviews various categories of cytosolic and/or nuclear mediators andillustrates some major signal transduction pathways, such as NFkappaB axis, oxygen sensing, and mechanotransduction. Reviews signaling pathways in the regu lation of circulatory and respiratory function Describes ion and molecularcarriers and receptors Integrates biology, chemistry, and physics for a multidisciplinary understanding of physiological flows
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Signaling Lipids
3. Preamble to Cytoplasmic Protein Kinases
4. Cytoplasmic Protein Tyrosine Kinases
5. Cytoplasmic Protein Serine/Threonine Kinases
6. Dual
Specificity Protein Kinases
7. Mitogen
Activated Protein Kinase Module
8. Dual
Specificity Protein Kinases
9. Guanosine Triphosphatases and Their Regulators
10. Other Major Types of Signaling Mediators
11. Signaling Pathways
12. Conclusion
References
List of Currently Used Prefixes and Suffixes
List of Aliases
Complementary Lists of Notations
Index
ISBN:9781461443704
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biomathematical and Biomechanical Modeling of the Circulatory and Ventilatory Systems, 2193-1682 : v4
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Cardiology , Biological models , Hydraulic engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461441816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus [electronic resource] : A Sixty Year Journey 1896 1956
Author(s): Bernard Fernandez
Georges Ripka
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus tells the story of how, in the span of barely sixty years, we made a transition from the belief that matter was composed of indivisible atoms, to the discovery that in the heart ofeach atom lies a nucleus which is ten thousand times smaller than the atom, which nonetheless carries almost all its mass, and the transformations of which involve energies that could never be reached by chemical reactions. It was nota smooth transition. The nature of nuclei, th eir properties, the physical laws which govern their behaviour, and the possibility of controlling to some extent their transformations, were discovered in discontinuous steps, followingpaths which occasionally led to errors which in turn were corrected b y further experimental discoveries. The story begins in 1896 when radioactivity was unexpectedly discovered and continues up to the nineteen-sixties. The authorsdescribe the spectacular progress made by physics during that time, which not only revealed a new form of matter, namely nuclei, but also modified our way of thinking by developing quantum mechanics and the theory of relativity. Thebook is written in a clear and non mathematical language which makes it both accessible and instructive to laymen, ph ysicists and students, as well as to historians of science. It delves into subjects which are of utmost importance forthe understanding of matter in our universe and for understanding how this knowledge was achieved
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Radioactivity, the First Puzzles
A Nucleus at the Heart of The Atom
Quantum Mechanics, the Unavoidable Path
A Timid Infancy
1930
1940 : A Dazzling Development
The Upheavals of the Second World War
The Time of Maturity
Where the Narrative Ends
ISBN:9781461441816
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642300233:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Advances in Algorithmic Differentiation [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shaun Forth
Paul Hovland
Eric Phipps
Jean Utke
Andrea Walther
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The proceedings represent the state of knowledge in the area of algorithmic differentiation (AD). The 31 contributed papers presented at the AD2012 conference cover the application of AD to many areas in science and engineeringas well as aspects of A D theory and its implementation in tools. For all papers the referees, selected from the program committee and the greater community, as well as the editors have emphasized accessibility of the presented ideasalso to non-AD experts. In the AD tools arena new implementations are introduced covering, for example, Java and graphical modeling environments or join the set of existing tools for Fortran. New developments in AD algorithms targetthe efficiency of matrix-operation derivatives, detection and exploit ation of sparsity, partial separability, the treatment of nonsmooth functions, and other high-level mathematical aspects of the numerical computations to bedifferentiated. Applications stem from the Earth sciences, nuclear engineering, fluid dynamics, and chemistry, to name just a few. In many cases the applications in a given area of science or engineering share characteristics thatrequire specific approaches to enable AD capabilities or provide an opportunity for efficiency gains in the derivative compu tation. The description of these characteristics and of the techniques for successfully using AD should makethe proceedings a valuable source of information for users of AD tools
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642300233
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v87
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Electronic data processing , Computer science Mathematics , Computer software , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642283857:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Synthesis of the Elements [electronic resource] The Astrophysical Quest for Nucleosynthesis and What It Can Tell Us About the Universe
Author(s): Giora Shaviv
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the origins and evolution of the chemical elements we and the cosmos are made of. The story starts with the discovery of the common elements on Earth and their subsequent discovery in space. How do we learnthe composition of the d istant stars? How did progress in quantum theory, nuclear physics, spectroscopy, stellar structure and evolution, together with observations of stars, converge to provide an incredibly detailed picture of theuniverse? How does research in the micro-world explain the macro-world? How does progress in one affect the other, or lack of knowledge in one inhibit progress in the other? In short, Shaviv describes how we discovered the variouspieces of the jigsaw that form our present picture of the universe and h ow we sometimes put these in the wrong place before finding in the right one. En route we meet some fascinating personalities and learn about heatedcontroversies. Shaviv shows how science lurched from one dogma to the next, time and again shattering much of what had been considered solid knowledge, until eventually a stable understanding arose. Beginning with generally acceptedscience, the book ends in todays terra incognita of nuclear physics, astrophysics and cosmology. A monumental work that will fasci nate scientists, philosophers, historians and lay readers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Order in the Chemical Elements
Preparing the Ground for Delving into the Stars
Probingthe Stars from afar
IsPhysicsthe Same Everywhere?
Towards the Bottom of the Nuclear Binding Energy
The Composition
Age
Velocity Connection
Big and Little Bangs
How Nature Overcomes its Own Barriers
Beyond Carbon
Which Star Becomes which Supernova?
Between two Extreme Nuclear Models
Synthesis of the Heavier
than
Iron Elements
A Process in Search of an Environment: The r
Process
The Elusive First Stars
Index
ISBN:9783642283857
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v387
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642283840:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Synthesis of the Elements [electronic resource]
Author(s): Giora Shaviv
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642283840
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Nuclear Chemistry , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642237492:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photons in Natural and Life Sciences [electronic resource] : An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Lewerenz
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book describes first the principle photon generation processes from nuclear reactions, electron motion and from discrete quantum transitions. It then focuses on the use of photons in various selected fields of modern naturaland life sciences. It bridges disciplines such as physics, chemistry, earth- and materials science, proteomics, information technology, photoelectrochemistry, photosynthesis and spintronics. Advanced light sources and their use innatural and life sciences are emphasized and th e effects related to the quantum nature of photons (quantum computing, teleportation) are described. The content encompasses among many other examples the role of photons on the origin oflife and on homochirality in biology, femtosecond laser slicing, pho tothermal cancer therapy, the use of gamma rays in materials science, photoelectrochemical surface conditioning, quantum information aspects and photo-spintronics. Thebook is written for scientists and graduate students from all related disciplines who ar e interested in the science beyond their immediate research field. It is meant to encourage interdisciplinary research and development in an agewhere nanoscience results in a convergence of formerly more disparate science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:On the Origin of Light
Sources of Spectral Photon Radiation
Photon Generation in Electronic Transition High
Energy Lasers
Applications in Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science and Biology
Exploiting the Quantum Nature of Photons
Spintronics
ISBN:9783642237492
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v157
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642179525:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Rudolf Mssbauer Story [electronic resource] His Scientific Work and Its Impact on Science and History
Author(s): Michael Kalvius
Paul Kienle
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Rudolf Mssbauer Story recounts the history of the discovery of the Mssbauer Effect in 1958 by Rudolf Mssbauer as a graduate student of Heinz Maier-Leibnitz for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1961 whenhe was 32 years old. The development of numerous applications of the Mssbauer Effect in many fields of sciences , such as physics, chemistry, biology and medicine is reviewed by experts who contributed to this wide spread research.In 1978 Mssbauer focused his research interest on a new field Ne utrino Oscillations and later on the study of the properties of the neutrinos emitted by the sun
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:How the Mssbauer Story started in Munich
Discovery of the Mssbauer
Effect and its Early History
Discovery of the Recoil Free Resonance Absorption of Gamma
Rays
The Iridium and Early Iron Age
Identification of Hyperfine Interactions in the Mssbauer Spectra
Other Important Mssbauer Transitions
CALTECH Years of Rudolf Mssbauer
Selected Highlights of Mssbauer Spectroscopy
Determination of the Nuclear Parameters of Many Mssbauer
Transitions
Isomer Shifts in Solid State Chemistry
Internal Fields
Time
Dependent Effect
Medical and Biological Applicatio
ISBN:9783642179525
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461439516:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Picture Book of Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Siegmund Brandt
Hans Dieter Dahmen
Date:2012
Edition:4th ed. 2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The aim of this book is to explain the basic concepts and phenomena of quantum mechanics by means of visualization. Computer-generated illustrations in color are used extensively throughout the text, helping to establish therelation between quantum m echanicswave functions, interference, atomic structure, and so forthand classical physicspoint mechanics, statistical mechanics, and wave optics. Even more important, by studying the pictures inparallel with the text, readers develop an intuition for such notoriously abstract phenomena as the tunnel effect excitation and decay of metastable states wave-packet motion within a well systems of distinguishable andindistinguishable particles free wave packets and scattering in 3 dimensions angular-moment um decomposition stationary bound states in various 3-dimensional potentials hybrid states Kepler motion of wave packets inthe Coulomb field spin and magnetic resonance Illustrations from experiments in a variety of fields, including chemistry, and mo lecular, atomic, nuclear, and particle physics, underline the basic as well as the practical importanceof quantum mechanics. In the present, fourth edition all computer graphics are presented in full color. It also contains additional physics topics such as hybridization. Praise for Previous Editions The book is highly recommended asa complement to any standard textbook in quantum mechanics, but it will also be valuable to all of us who studied quantum mechanics without the pictures. International Journa l of Quantum Chemistry This book would be anexcellent basis for the study of special topics in a quantum physics course. Most serious students of physics and all of their teachers will want to consider having this orderly and graphic outline of introducto ry quantum theory attheir fingertips. American Journal of Physics Their aim is the presentation of the 'principal ideas of wave mechanics' in such a wa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Light Waves
Probability Waves of Matter
Solution of the Schrdinger Equation in One Dimension
One
Dimensional Quantum Mechanics: Scattering by a Potential
One
Dimensional Quantum Mechanics: Motion within a Potential, Stationary Bound States
Quantile Motion in One Dimension
Coupled Harmonic Oscillators: Distinguishable Particles
Coupled Harmonic Oscillators: Indistinguishable Particles
Wave Packet in Three Dimensions
Solution of the Schrdinger Equation in Three Dimensions
Three
Dimensional Quantum Mechanics: Scattering by a Potential
Three
Dim
ISBN:9781461439516
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400701991:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): David Jou
Jos Casas-Vzquez
Manuel Criado-Sancho
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the second edition of the book Thermodynamics of Fluids under Flow, which was published in 2000 and has now been corrected, expanded and updated. This is a companion book to our other title Extended irreversiblethermodynamics (D. Jou, J. Casa s-Vzquez and G. Lebon, Springer, 4th edition 2010), and of the textbook Understanding non-equilibrium thermodynamics (G. Lebon, D. Jou and J. Casas-Vzquez, Springer, 2008. The present book is morespecialized than its counterpart, as it focuses its attenti on on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of flowing fluids, incorporating non-trivial thermodynamic contributions of the flow, going beyond local equilibrium theories, i.e.,including the effects of internal variables and of external forcing due to the flo w. Whereas the book's first edition was much more focused on polymer solutions, with brief glimpses into ideal and real gases, the present edition coversa much wider variety of systems, such as: diluted and concentrated polymer solutions, polymer blends, laminar and turbulent superfluids, phonon hydrodynamics and heat transport in nanosystems,nuclear collisions, far-from-equilibriumideal gases, and molecular solutions. It also deals with a variety of situations, emphasizing the non-equilibrium flow contri bution: temperature and entropy in flowing ideal gases, shear-induced effects on phase transitions in realgases and on polymer solutions, stress-induced migration and its application to flow chromatography, Taylor dispersion, anomalous diffusion in flowin g systems, the influence of the flow on chemical reactions, and polymer degradation.The new edition is not only broader in scope, but more educational in character, and with more emphasis on applications, in keeping with our times. It provides many exampl es of how a deeper theoretical understanding may bring new andmore efficient applications, forging links between theoretical progress and practical aims. This updated version expands on the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Non
equilibrium Thermodynamics and Rheology
2 Non
equilibrium Temperature and Entropy in Flowing Ideal Gases: Maximum
Entrophy Approach
3 Kinetic Theory of Flowing Gases and Phonons. Phonon Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer in Nanosystems
4 Non
ideal and Nuclear Collisions
5 Polymeric Solutions and Blends
6 Non
equilibrium Chemical Potential and Shear
Induced Effects in Polymer Solutions and Blends
7 Comparison of Thermodynamical and Dynamical Approaches
8 Shear
induced Migration and Flow Chromatography
9 Taylor Dispersion and Anomalous Diffusion
10 Chemical Reaction
ISBN:9789400701991
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642147098:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of the Manhattan Project [electronic resource]
Author(s): B. Cameron Reed
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The development of nuclear weapons during the Manhattan Project is one of the most significant scientific events of the twentieth century. This book, prepared by a gifted teacher of physics, explores the challenges that faced themembers of the Manhat tan project. In doing so it gives a clear introduction to fission weapons at the level of an upper-level undergraduate physics student. Details of nuclear reactions, their energy release, the fission process, howcritical masses can be estimated, how fissi le materials are produced, and what factors complicate bomb design are covered. An extensive list of references and a number of problems for self-study are included. Links are given to severalspreadsheets with which users can run many of the calculations for themselves
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part 1. Energy Release in Nuclear Reactions, Neutrons,
Fission, and Characteristics of Fission
1.1 Notational Conventions for Mass Excess and Q
Values
1.2 Rutherford and the Energy Release in Radium Decay
1.3 Rutherfords First Artificial Nuclear Transmutation
1.4 Discovery of the Neutron
1.5 Artificially
Induced Radioactivity and the Path to Fission
1.6 Energy Release in Fission
1.7 The Bohr
Wheeler Theory of Fission: The Z2/A Limit Against Spontaneous Fission
1.8 Energy Spectrum of Fission Neutrons
1.9 Leaping the Fission Barrier
1.10 A Semi
Empi
ISBN:9783642147098
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642140907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Density Functional Theory [electronic resource] : An Advanced Course
Author(s): Eberhard Engel
Reiner M Dreizler
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for the atomic-level simulation of condensed matter phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. The present book is a rigorousand detailed introducti on to the foundations up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals and both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, this textconcentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants. This implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of keyapproximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemen ted by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating strengths and weaknesses of a particular approach or functional. DFT forsuperconducting or nuclear and hadronic systems are not addressed in this work. The structure and material co ntained in this book allow for a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-bodytheory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Greens function or response functions - ar e introduced step by step, rather than just used. The same applies to some basic notions of solid statetheory, as, for instance, the Fermi surface. Also, the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without a formal theoretical physics background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Foundations of Density Functional Theory: Existence Theorems
Effective Single
Particle Equations
Exchange
Correlation Energy Functional
Virial Theorems
Orbital Functionals: Optimized Potential Method
Time
Dependent Density Functional Theory
Relativistic Density Functional Theory
Further Reading
Appendices: Functionals and the Functional Derivative
Second Quantization in Many
Body Theory
Scaling Behavior of Many
Body Methods
Explicit Density Functionals for the Kinetic Energy: Thomas
Fermi Models and Beyond
Asymptotic Behavior of Quasi
Particl
ISBN:9783642140907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441987891:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coronal Mass Ejections [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Timothy Howard
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In times of growing technological sophistication and of our dependence on electronic technology, we are all affected by space weather. In its most extreme form, space weather can disrupt communications, damage and destroyspacecraft and power stations , and increase radiation exposure to astronauts and airline passengers. Major space weather events, called geomagnetic storms, are large disruptions in the Earths magnetic field brought about by thearrival of enormous magnetized plasma clouds from the Sun . Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) contain billions of tons of plasma and hurtle through space at speeds of several million miles per hour. Understanding coronal mass ejections andtheir impact on the Earth is of great interest to both the scientific and tech nological communities. This book provides an introduction to coronal mass ejections, including a history of their observation and scientific revelations,instruments and theory behind their detection and measurement, and the status quo of theories describi ng their onset and evolution through the heliosphere. We present the story behind the life of a CME, from its magnetic field originsin the solar corona and photosphere to its eventual fate deep in the heliosphere. The intention is to provide an easily acc essible resource for those who are seeking to learn more about this fascinating and crucial naturalphenomenon
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: History
Chapter 3: Summary of Spacecraft
Chapter 4: How We Observe CMEs
Chapter 5: Geometry of CMEs and ICMEs
Chapter 6: Radio Astronomical Techniques
Chapter 7: Associated Phenomena
Chapter 8: CME Onset and Initial Acceleration
Chapter 9: CME Evolution
Chapter 10: Interaction With the Earth and Other Planets
Contribution to Space Weather
Chapter 11: Summary and Discussion
Glossary
Index
ISBN:9781441987891
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v376
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Astrophysics , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441980410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Is There a Temperature? [electronic resource] : Conceptual Challenges at High Energy, Acceleration and Complexity
Author(s): Tams Sndor Bir
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Physical bodies can be hot or cold, moving or standing,simple or complex. In all such cases one assumes that their respective temperature is a well defined attribute. What if, however, the ordinary measurement of temperatureby direct body contact is not possible? One conjectures its value, and yes, its very existence, by reasoning based on basic principles of thermodynamics. Is There a Temperature? Conceptual Challenges at High Energy, Accelerationand Complexity, by Dr. Tams Sndor Br, begins by askin g the questions Do we understand and can we explain in a unified framework the temperature of distant radiation sources, including event horizons, and that of the quarkmatter produced in high energy accelerator experiments? Or the astounding fluctuations on financial markets? The book reviews the concept of temperature from its beginnings through the evolution of classical thermodynamics andatomic statistical physics through contemporary models of high energy particle matter. Based on the views of high en ergy nuclear physicists, it crosses over several traditional disciplines of university physics.Recent developmentstowards an abstract, general and thermodynamically consistent treatment of non-extensive systems are worked in. Exercise problems and solutio ns help to deepen the readers understanding into the details behind the theories.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
How to measure the temperature
How to interpret the temperature
Fluctuatingtemperature
Complications with the temperature
The temperature of moving bodies
The temperature of no return
The temperature in quantum field theory
Afterword
Solutions
References
ISBN:9781441980410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v171
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics , Thermodynamics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048130627:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Explosives Detection Using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jacques Fraissard
Olga Lapina
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) a highly promising new technique for bulk explosives detection: relatively inexpensive, more compact than NMR, but with considerable selectivity. Since the NQR frequency is insensitive tolong-range variations in com position, mixing explosives with other materials, such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives, makes no difference. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive, and is independentof its distribution within the volume monitored. NQR spots explosive types in configurations missed by the X-ray imaging method. But if NQR is so good, why it is not used everywhere? Its main limitation is the low signal-to-noiseratio, particularly with the radio-frequency interference that exists in a field environment, NQR polarization being much weaker than that from an external magnetic field. The distinctive signatures are there, but are difficult toextract from the noise. In addition, the high selectivity is partly a disadvantage, as it is hard t o build a multichannel system necessary to cover a wide range of target substances. Moreover, substances fully screened by metallicenclosures, etc. are difficult to detect. A workshop was held at St Petersburg in July 2008 in an attempt to solve these pro blems and make NQR the universal technique for the detection of bombs regardless of type. This book presentsthe essentials of the papers given there
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Fundamentals of Pulsed Nitrogen
14 Quadrupole Resonance
14N NQR Detection of Explosives with Hybrid Sensors
Polarization Enhanced NQR Detection at Low Frequencies
Efficient Excitation and Ringing Suppression in Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance
Detection of Concealed Liquid Explosives and Illicit Drugs in Unopened Bottles
Prospectives and Limitations of NQR Signal Enhancement by Polarisation Transfer
Modeling of QR Sensors for Optimized Explosives Detection
Detection of Explosives by NQR Method: Main Aspects for Transport Security
Double Resonance Detection of (Ma
ISBN:9789048130627
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Materials , Spectroscopy , Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9789048123681:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats [electronic resource]
Author(s): Joseph D Puglisi
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume is a collection of articles from the proceedings of the International School of Structural Biology and Magnetic Resonance 8th Course: Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats. This NATO Advance Study Institute(ASI) was held in Er ice at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture on 19 through 30 June 2007. The ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who bridged the fields of virology and biology, biophysics,chemistry and physics. Prominent lecturers a nd students from around the world representant a total of 24 countries participated in the NATO ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev(Moscow, RU). The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that i nterdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting bioterrorism agents, lead to cleanerenvironments, and help propel development in NATO partner countries. The ASI merged the related disciplines of biophysics, biochemistry and molecular structure to treat, detect, and understand emerging infectious diseases. It addressedthe treatment and detection of bioterrorism agents, and focused on critical partner country priorities in bi otechnology, materials, drug discovery and the environment. It provided crossroads discussing new technologies in biophysicsand structural biology, their implications pathogen detection and treatment and their role in partner country development. The ASI allowed deep and wide-ranging discussion between lecturers and students, providing overviews of keyareas and links between them. The range of topics represent the diversity of critical problems between structural biology, biochemistry and biophysics, in w hich lies the fertile ground of drug development, biotechnology and newmaterials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
List of Contributors
A Simple Model for Protein Folding
Complementarity of Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Properties in Protein Ligand Complexes: A New Tool to Improve Docking Results
Structures of Cvnh Family Lectins
Biohysical Approaches to Study DNA Base Flipping
The Diversity of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Improved Dye Stability in Single
Molecule Fluorescence Experiments
The Evaluation of Isotope Editing and Filtering for Protein
Ligand Interaction Elucidation by NMR
Ribosome: an Ancient Cellular Nano
Machine for Genetic Code Translation
Course A
ISBN:9789048123681
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biotechnology , Chemistry , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642020889:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Life of Stars [electronic resource] The Controversial Inception and Emergence of the Theory of Stellar Structure
Author(s): Giora Shaviv
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This beautifully illustrated book describes the birth and evolution of the theory of stellar structure through the vehement controversy between biology (as presented by Darwin) and physics (as presented by Kelvin) about the age ofthe Earth, which cul minated with Rutherford suggesting radioactive dating. Shaviv analyzes critically many proclaimed scientific results, showing how and why they were wrong, and explains why it took decades to find the now acceptedscientific answers - where there are such - and why there remains much more to be done before we can say we fully understand what happens up there in the heavens. The Life of the Stars provides fascinating reading for all thoseinterested in the stars, in the history of astronomy and in what their story tells us about how science progresses. Moreover, it will bring readers up-to-date on current problems in astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Controversy About the Age of the Earth
What Stellar Classification Tells Us
The Dawn of a New Era
Towards a Complete Stellar Structure Theory
From Chemistry to Dying Stars
The Solution to the Stellar Energy Problem
How the Low
Mass Stars Perish
The Life and Death of Massive Stars
The Sun
ISBN:9783642020889
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540928720:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The k p Method [electronic resource] Electronic Properties of Semiconductors
Author(s): Morten Willatzen
Lok C Lew Yan Voon
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book presents a detailed exposition of the formalism and application of k.p theory for both bulk and nanostructured semiconductors. For bulk crystals, this is the first time all the major techniques for deriving the mostpopular Hamiltonians have been provided in one place. For nanostructures, this is the first time the Burt-Foreman theory has been made accessible. Thus, the reader will gain a clear understanding of the k.p method, will have anexplicit listing of the various Hamiltonians in a con sistent notation for their use, and a set of representative results. In addition, the reader can derive an excellent understanding of the electronic structure of semiconductors
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Part I: Homogeneous Crystals. One
Band Model
Perturbation Theory
Valence Band
Perturbation Theory
Kane Models
Method of Invariants
Spin Splitting
Strain
Part II: Nonperiodic Problem. Shallow Impurity States
Magnetic Effects
Electric Field
Excitons
Heterostructures: Basic Formalism
Heterostructures: Further Topics
Conclusion
Quantum Mechanics and Group Theory
Symmetry Properties
Hamiltonians
ISBN:9783540928720
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540498292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface and Interface Analysis [electronic resource] : An Electrochemists Toolbox
Author(s): Rudolf Holze
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:A broad, almost encyclopedic overview of spectroscopic and other analytical techniques useful for investigations of phase boundaries in electrochemistry is presented. The analysis of electrochemical interfaces and interphases on amicroscopic, even mo lecular level, is of central importance for an improved understanding of the structure and dynamics of these phase boundaries. The gained knowledge will be needed for improvements of methods and applicationsreaching from electrocatalysis, electrochemical energy conversion, biocompatibility of metals, corrosion protection to galvanic surface treatment and finishing. The book provides an overview as complete as possible and enables thereader to choose methods most suitable for tackling his particular task. It is nevertheless compact and does not flood the reader with the details of review papers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:and Overview
Structure and Dynamics of Electrochemical Phase Boundaries
Scope and Limitations of Classical Electrochemical Methods
Spectroscopy and Surface Analysis at Interfaces Between Condensed Phases
Methods and Applications
Spectroscopy at Electrochemical Interfaces
Diffraction and Other X
Ray Methods
Surface Analytical Methods
ISBN:9783540498292
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v74
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, Physical organic , Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Control engineering systems , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540853206:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:HFI/NQI 2007 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Hyperfine Interactions and 18th International Symposium on Nuclear Quadrupole Interactions (HFI/NQI 2007) Iguassu Falls (PuertoIguaz-Argentina / Foz de Iguacu-B rasil), 510 August 2007 / edited by A. Pasquevich, M. Rentera, E. Baggio Saitovitch, H. Petrilli
Author(s): A Pasquevich
M Rentera
E. Baggio Saitovitch
H Petrilli
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Hyperfine Interactions and 18th International Symposium on Nuclear Quadrupole Interactions, HFI/NQI 2007, held in Iguaz Falls, Brazil, 5-10 August, 2007. Reprinted fromHyperfine Interactions (HYPE) Volume This volume focuses on the most recent studies on all aspects of hyperfine interaction detected by nuclear radiation and nuclear quadrupole interactions detected by resonance methods in the areas ofmaterials, biological and medical science, as well as on contributions on new developments in instrumentation and methods, ab initio calculations and simulations. This volume comprises research papers, reviews, and short communicationsrecording original investigations related to: Theory on Hyperfine Inte ractions (HFI) and Nuclear Moments Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (Bulk and Thin Layers) HFI probes in Semiconductors, Metals and Insulators Lattice Dynamicsand Ion-Solid Interactions Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, and Nano-structures Resonance Metho ds Nuclear Moments, Nuclear Polarization and Spin Dynamics Investigations in Biology, Chemistry, and Medicine New Directions andDevelopments in Methodology. The papers present the latest scientific work of various invited speakers and contributor research ers from the five continents that have brought their perspectives to the meeting
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory: Hyperfine Interactions and Nuclear Moments
Magnetism and Magnetic Materials: Bulk and Thin Layers
HFI Probes in Semiconductors, Metals, and Insulators
Lattice Dynamics, Ion
Solid Interactions
Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films and Nano
Structures
Resonance Methods
Nuclear Moments, Nuclear Polarizations, and Spin Dynamics
Investigations in Biology, Chemistry, and Medicine
New Directions and Developments in Methodology
Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9783540853206
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540850625:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franz Schwabl
Date:2008
Edition:4
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Advanced Quantum Mechanics, the second volume on quantum mechanics by Franz Schwabl, discusses nonrelativistic multi-particle systems, relativistic wave equations and relativistic quantum fields. Characteristic of the authorswork are the comprehensiv e mathematical discussions in which all intermediate steps are derived and where numerous examples of application and exercises help the reader gain a thorough working knowledge of the subject. The topicstreated in the book lay the foundation for advanced studies in solid-state physics, nuclear and elementary particle physics. This text both extends and complements Schwabls introductory Quantum Mechanics, which covers nonrelativisticquantum mechanics and offers a short treatment of the quantization of the radiation field. The fourth edition has been thoroughly revised with new material having been added. Furthermore, the layout of the figures has been unified,which should facilitate comprehension
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nonrelativistic Many
Particle Systems
Second Quantization
Spin
1/2 Fermions
Bosons
Correlation Functions, Scattering, and Response
Relativistic Wave Equations
Relativistic Wave Equations and their Derivation
Lorentz Transformations and Covariance of the Dirac Equation
Orbital Angular Momentum and Spin
The Coulomb Potential
The FoldyWouthuysen Transformation and Relativistic Corrections
Physical Interpretation of the Solutions to the Dirac Equation
Symmetries and Further Properties of the Dirac Equation
Relativistic Fields
Quantization of Relativisti
ISBN:9783540850625
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Quantum theory , Quantum computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402085123:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Magnetism [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bernard Barbara
Yosef Imry
G Sawatzky
P. C. E Stamp
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is based on some of the lectures during the Pacific Institute of Theoretical Physics (PITP) summer school on Quantum Magnetism, held during June 2006 in Les Houches, in the French Alps. The school was funded jointlyby NATO, the CNRS, and PI TP, and entirely organized by PITP. Magnetism is a somewhat peculiar research field. It clearly has a quantum-mechanical basis the microsopic exchange interactions arise entirely from the exclusionprinciple, in conjunction with respulsive interactions be tween electrons. And yet until recently the vast majority of magnetism researchers and users of magnetic phenomena around the world paid no attention to these quantum-mechanicalroots. Thus, eg., the huge ($400 billion per annum) industry which manufacture s hard discs, and other components in the information technology sector, depends entirely on room-temperature properties of magnets - yet at the macroscopicor mesoscopic scales of interest to this industry, room-temperature magnets behave entirely classic ally. This situation has now begun to change, and the quantum collective properties of magnetic systems, for so long of interest only toa few, have begun to move to centre stage. There are several reasons for this. One is the increasing use of low tempera tures in industrial and applied research labs, and the recognition that the low-T properties of many new magneticmaterials are of great potential use in future devices. Another is the emergence of nanoscience, and its offshoot nanotechnology, as an import ant new discipline the majority of high-tech applications of nanotechnology so farenvisaged will also be low-temperature ones. All this has meant that collective quantum phenomena, occurring at low T in quantum dots, magnetic molecules, and nanoscopic co nductors, have suddenly become interesting to more than justpure physics researchers. The design of new magnetic quantum materials, of spin-based quantum devices in low-dimensional geometries, a
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Gentle Introduction to the Functional Renormalization Group: the Kondo Effect in Quantum Dots
Halfvortices in Flat Nanomagnets
Spin Structure and Dynamical Magnetic Response of Spin
Orbital Polarons in Lightly Doped Cobaltates
Quantum Corrections to the Ising Interactions in LiY1
xHoxF4
Spin
orbital
lattice Physics in a Ca
based Ruthenates
Local Moment Approach to Multi
orbital Anderson and Hubbard Models
High Field Level Crossing Studies on Spin Dimers in the Low Dimensional Quantum Spin System Na2T2(C2O4)3(H2O)2 with T=Ni,Co,Fe,Mn
Quantum Nanomagnets and Nuclear Spins:
ISBN:9781402085123
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Quantum theory , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402084225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems [electronic resource] : Status, Open Questions and Challenges
Author(s): Vronique Ghetta
Dominique Gorse
Dominique Mazire
Vassilis Pontikis
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Global warming, shortage of low-cost oil resources and the increasing demand for energy are currently controlling the world's economic expansion while often opposing desires for sustainable and peaceful development. In thiscontext, atomic energy sati sfactorily fulfills the criteria of low carbon gas production and high overall yield. However, in the absence of industrial fast-breeders the use of nuclear fuel is not optimal, and the production of highactivity waste materials is at a maximum. These are the principal reasons for the development of a new, fourth generation of nuclear reactors, minimizing the undesirable side-effects of current nuclear energy production technologywhile increasing yields by increasing operation temperatures and opening the way for the industrial production of hydrogen through the decomposition of water. The construction and use of such reactors is hindered by several factors,including performance limitations of known structural materials, particularly if the life of the pr ojected systems had to extend over the periods necessary to achieve low costs (at least 60 years). This book collects lectures andseminars presented at the homonymous NATO ASI held in autumn 2007 at the Institut dEtudes Scientifiques in Cargse, France. Th e adopted approach aims at improving and coordinating basic knowledge in materials science andengineering with specific areas of condensed matter physics, the physics of particle/matter interaction and of radiation damage. It is our belief that this metho dology is crucially conditioning the development and the industrialproduction of new structural materials capable of coping with the requirements of these future reactors
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Energy Issue and the Possible Contribution of the Various Nuclear Energy Production Scenarios
Outlook on Generation IV Nuclear Systems and Related Materials R&D Challenges
Fundamentals of Neutronics: Reactivity Coefficients in Nuclear Reactors
to Thermodynamics
Kinetics of Phase Transformation in Multi
Component Systems
Ab Initio Approaches to Designing Thermodynamic Properties of Materials
Correlation between Electronic Structure, Magnetism and Physical Properties of Fe
Cr alloys: Ab Initio Modeling
The Computational Modeling of Alloys: From Ab Initio Calculations and
ISBN:9781402084225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Computer science , Engineering , Nuclear engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540726326:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Zero- and One-Dimensional Nanoscopic Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sachindra Nath Karmakar
Santanu Kumar Maiti
Jayeeta Chowdhury
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:In recent years submicron and nanoscale systems have featured strongly on the research agenda due to the technological progress and new physics that have emerged from studies of ultra-small systems. A fundamental understanding ofbasic physical phenom ena on the mesoscopic and nanoscopic scales is required to exploit the technological potential offered by these exotic materials. The present book contains review-like chapters by some of the leading experts in thefield, covering topics such as the Kondo effect, electron transport, disorder and quantum coherence with electron-electron interaction, persistent current, thermoelectric phenomena, etc. in quantum dots, quantum wires, carbon nanotubesand more. This book will be valuable to researchers and stude nts in condensed matter physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Dilute Magnetic Alloys to Confined Nanostructures: Evolution of the Kondo Effect
The Two Channel Kondo Effect in Quantum Dots
Kondo Physics in Artificial Molecules
Low Temperature Decoherence and Relaxation in Charge Josephson Junction Qubits
Low
Energy Physical Properties of Edge States in Nanographite Systems
Thermoelectric Phenomena from Macro
Systems to Nano
Systems
Coherence and Interactions in Diffusive Systems
Transport and Persistent Currents in Mesoscopic Rings: Interplay Between Electron
Electron Interaction and Disorder
Electron Transport Through Mesosco
ISBN:9783540726326
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v156
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Quantum theory , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540498537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mssbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 49 September 2005 Volume II (Part IIIV/V)/ edited by P.-E. Lippens, J.-C. Jumas, J.-M. R. Gnin
Author(s): P.-E Lippens
J.-C Jumas
J.-M. R Gnin
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book provides an up-to-date overview of the Mssbauer effect in physics, chemistry, electrochemistry, catalysis, biology, medicine, geology, mineralogy, archaeology and materials science. It is of great interest for graduatestudents and researche rs who work in one of these scientific areas or use the Mssbauer spectroscopy. In addition to the traditional topics, the book contains the most recent developments of the technique especially in the fields ofnanoparticles, thin films, surfaces, interface s, magnetism, experimentation, theory, medical and industrial applications and Mars exploration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540498537
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540498506:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mssbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 49 September 2005, Volume I (Part III/V)/ edited by P. -E. Lippens, J. -C. Jumas , J. -M. R. Gnin
Author(s): P. -E Lippens
J. -C Jumas
J. -M. R Gnin
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an up-to-date overview of the Mssbauer effect in physics, chemistry, electrochemistry, catalysis, biology, medicine, geology, mineralogy, archaeology and materials science. It is of great interest for graduatestudents and researche rs who work in one of these scientific areas or use the Mssbauer spectroscopy. In addition to the traditional topics, the book contains the most recent developments of the technique especially in the fields ofnanoparticles, thin films, surfaces, interface s, magnetism, experimentation, theory, medical and industrial applications and Mars exploration
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540498506
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540349334:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid State Physics [electronic resource] : Introduction to the Theory
Author(s): James D Patterson
Bernard C Bailey
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Learning Solid State Physics involves a certain degree of maturity, since it involves tying together diverse concepts from many areas of physics. The objective is to understand, in a basic way, how solid materials behave. To dothis one needs both a g ood physical and mathematical background. One definition of Solid State Physics is it is the study of the physical (e.g. the electrical, dielectric, magnetic, elastic, and thermal) properties of solids in termsof basic physical laws. In one sense, Solid S tate Physics is more like chemistry than some other branches of physics because it focuses on common properties of large classes of materials. It is typical that Solid State Physicsemphasizes how physics properties link to electronic structure. We have re tained the term Solid State Physics, even though Condensed Matter Physics is more commonly used. Condensed Matter Physics includes liquids and non-crystallinesolids such as glass, which we shall not discuss in detail. Modern Solid State Physics came of ag e in the late thirties and forties, and had its most extensive expansion with the development of the transistor, integrated circuits, andmicroelectronics. Most of microelectronics however is limited to the properties of inhomogeneously doped semiconductor s. Solid State Physics includes many other areas of course among the largest of these are ferromagnetic materials,and superconductors. Just a little less than half of all working physicists are in Condensed Matter. A course in Solid State Physics typicall y begins with three broad areas: (1) How and why atoms bind together to form solids, (2)Lattice Vibrations and Phonons, and (3) Electrons in Solids. One would then typically apply the above to (4) Interactions especially of electrons with phonons, (5) Met als, the Fermi Surface and Alloys, (6) Semiconductors, (7)Magnetism, (8) Superconductivity, (9) Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics, (10) Optical Properties, (11) Defects, and (12) Certain other modern topi
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Crystal Binding ans Structure
Lattice Vibrations and Thermal Properties
Electrons in Periodic Potentials
The Interaction of Electrons and Lattice Vibrations
Metals, Alloys, and the Fermi Surface
Semiconductors
Magnetism, Magnons, and Magnetic Resonance
Superconductivity
Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics
Optical Properties of Solids
Defects in Solids
Current Topics in Solid Condensed
Matter Physics
ISBN:9783540349334
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402053535:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optically Anomalous Crystals [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Shtukenberg
Yurii O Punin
Bart Kahr
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Optical anomalies in crystals are puzzles that collectively constituted the greatest unsolved problems in crystallography in the 19th Century. The most common anomaly is a discrepancy between a crystals symmetry as determinedby its shape or by X-ray analysis, and that determined by monitoring the polarization state of traversing light. These discrepancies were perceived as a great impediment to the development of the sciences of crystals on the basis ofCuries Symmetry Principle, the grand organizing idea in the physical sciences to emerge in the latter half of the 19th Century. Optically Anomalous Crystals begins with an historical introduction covering the contributions ofBrewster, Biot, Mallard, Brauns, Tamman, and many other distinguished crystall ographers. From this follows a tutorial in crystal optics. Further chapters discuss the two main mechanisms of optical dissymmetry: 1. the piezo-opticeffect, and 2. the kinetic ordering of atoms. The text then tackles complex, inhomogeneous crystals, and the complex optical properties resulting from the superposition of anomalies having various etiologies. The book treats theliterature comprehensively, but uses illustrations from the authors laboratories as the subjects of detailed analyses. This is an in valuable text for crystallographers, mineralogists, and petrologists interested in the growth ofminerals and synthetic crystals, and their optical properties. It is also ideally suited to students of optical mineralogy, professional scientists and enginee rs as well as historians of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Crystal Optics
Stress Induced Optical Anomalies
Kinetic Ordering
Disordering
Heterogeneous Crystals
Superimposition of Optical Anomalies
ISBN:9781402053535
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Mineralogy , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387388809:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational and Instrumental Methods in EPR [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christopher J Bender
Lawrence J Berliner
Date:2007
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Computational and Instrumental Methods in EPR Prof. Bender, Fordham University Prof. Lawrence J. Berliner, University of Denver Electron magnetic resonance has been greatly facilitated by the introduction of advances ininstrumentation and better comp utational tools, such as the increasingly widespread use of the density matrix formalism. This volume is devoted to both instrumentation and computation aspects of EPR, while addressing applications suchas spin relaxation time measurements, the measuremen t of hyperfine interaction parameters, and the recovery of Mn(II) spin Hamiltonian parameters via spectral simulation. Key features: Microwave Amplitude Modulation Technique toMeasure Spin-Lattice (T1) and Spin-Spin (T2) Relaxation Times Improvement in th e Measurement of Spin-Lattice Relaxation Time in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Quantitative Measurement of Magnetic Hyperfine Parameters and the PhysicalOrganic Chemistry of Supramolecular Systems New Methods of Simulation of Mn(II) EPR Spectra: Single Crystals, Polycrystalline and Amorphous (Biological) Materials Density Matrix Formalism of Angular Momentum in Multi-Quantum MagneticResonance About the Editors: Dr. Chris Bender is assistant professor of Chemistry at Fordham University. Dr. Lawrence J. B erliner is currently Professor and Chair of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University ofDenver after retiring from Ohio State University, where he spent a 32-year career in the area of biological magnetic resonance (EPR and NMR). He i s the Series Editor for Biological Magnetic Resonance, which he launched in 1979
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Microwave Amplitude Modulation Technique to Measure Spin
Lattice (T 1) and Spin
Spin (T 2) Relaxation Times
Improvement in the Measurement of Spin
Lattice Relaxation Time in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
Quantitative Measurement of Magnetic Hyperfine Parameters and the Physical Organic Chemistry of Supramolecular Systems
New Methods of Simulation of Mn(II) EPR Spectra: Single Crystals, Polycrystalline and Amorphous (Biological) Materials
Density Matrix Formalism of Angular Momentum in Multi
Quantum Magnetic Resonance
ISBN:9780387388809
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological Magnetic Resonance, 0192-6020 : v25
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Polymers , Biochemistry , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540357285:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carbon [electronic resource] : The Future Material for Advanced Technology Applications
Author(s): Giacomo Messina
Saveria Santangelo
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Carbon-based materials and their applications constitute a burgeoning topic of scientific research among scientists and engineers attracted from diverse areas such as applied physics, materials science, biology, mechanics,electronics and engineering. Further development of current materials, advances in their applications, and discovery of new forms of carbon are the themes addressed by the frontier research in these fields. This book covers all thefundamental topics concerned with amorphous and crys talline C-based materials, such as diamond, diamond-like carbon, carbon alloys, carbon nanotubes. The goal is, by coherently progressing from growth - and characterisation techniquesto technological applications for each class of material, to fashion the first comprehensive state-of-the-art review of this fast evolving field of research in carbon materials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Aid of scaling laws in the achievement of a well
controlled film deposition process
A spectroscopic approach to carbon materials for energy storage
Biocompatibility, cytotoxicity and bioactivity of amorphous carbon films
Characterisation of the growth mechanism during PECVD of multi
walled carbon nanotubes
Correlation between local structure and film properties in states in amorphous carbon materials
Defects in CVD diamond films from their response as nuclear detectors
Effects of nanoscale clustering in amorphous carbon
Elastic and structural properties of carbon materials
ISBN:9783540357285
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v100
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Condensed matter , Electronics , Biomaterials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540326274:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Novel NMR and EPR techniques [electronic resource]
Author(s): Janez Dolinek
Marija Vilfan
Slobodan umer
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book delivers a survey of recent research in the fields of condensed matter physics and chemistry based on novel NMR and ESR techniques. Applications include quantum computing, metal nanoparticles, low dimensional magnets,fullerenes as atomic ca ges, superconductors, porous media, and laser assisted studies. The book is dedicated to Professor Robert Blinc, on the occasion of his seventieth birthday, in appreciation of his remarkable scientificaccomplishments in the NMR of condensed matter
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nuclear Spin Analogues of Gyromagnetism: Case of the Zero
Field Barnett Effect
Distance Measurements in Solid
State NMR and EPR Spectroscopy
Solid State NMR Studies of Disordered Solids
En Route to Solid State Spin Quantum Computing
Laser
Assisted Magnetic Resonance: Principles and Applications
Multiple
Photon Transitions in EPR Spectroscopy
Multi
Frequency EPR Study of Metallo
Endofullerenes
Beyond Electrons in a Box: Nanoparticles of ''Silver, Platinum and Rhodium
The Study of Mechanisms of Superconductivity by NMR Relaxation
NMR in Magnetic Molecular Rings and Clu
ISBN:9783540326274
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v684
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402033377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutron and X-ray Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franoise Hippert
Erik Geissler
Jean Louis Hodeau
Eddy Lelivre-Berna
Jean-Ren Regnard
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Neutron and X-Ray Spectroscopy delivers an up-to-date account of the principles and practice of inelastic and spectroscopic methods available at neutron and synchrotron sources, including recent developments. The chapters arebased on a course of lect ures and practicals (the HERCULES course) delivered to young scientists who require these methods in their professional careers. Each chapter, written by a leading specialist in the field, introduces the basicconcepts of the technique and provides an over view of recent work. This volume, which focuses on spectroscopic techniques in synchrotron radiation and inelastic neutron scattering, will be a primary source of information forphysicists, chemists and materials scientists who wish to acquire a basic und erstanding of these techniques and to discover the possibilities offered by them. Emphasizing the complementarity of the neutron and X-ray methods, thistutorial will also be invaluable to scientists already working in neighboring fields who seek to extend their knowledge
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals of X
ray absorption and dichroism: the multiplet approach. Multiple scattering theory applied to X
ray absorption near
edge structure. X
ray magnetic circular dichroism. Extended X
ray absorption fine structure. Inelastic X
ray scattering from collective atom dynamics. Photoelectron spectroscopy. Anomalous scattering and diffraction anomalous fine structure. Soft X
ray photoelectron emission microscopy (X
PEEM). X
ray intensity fluctuation spectroscopy. Vibrational spectroscopy at surfaces and interfaces using synchrotron sources and free electron lasers
Neutron spectroscopy. I
ISBN:9781402033377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mineralogy , Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387377667:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Semiconductor Physical Electronics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sheng S Li
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Semiconductor Physical Electronics, Second Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of fundamental semiconductor physics that is essential to an understanding of the physical and operational principles of a wide variety ofsemiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices. This text presents a unified and balanced treatment of the physics, characterization, and applications of semiconductor materials and devices for physicists and material scientistswho need further exposure to semiconductor and pho tonic devices, and for device engineers who need additional background on the underlying physical principles. This updated and revised second edition reflects advances in semicondutortechnologies over the past decade, including many new semiconductor devi ces that have emerged and entered into the marketplace. It is suitable for graduate students in electrical engineering, materials science, physics, and chemicalengineering, and as a general reference for processing and device engineers working in the semi condictor industry
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Classification of Solids and Crystal Structure
Lattice Dynamics and Elements of Quantum Mechanics
Semiconductor Statistics
Energy Band Theory for Crystalline Solids
Equilibrium Properties of Semiconductors
Recombination Mechanism and Excess Carrier Phenomenon in Semiconductors
Boltzmann Equation and Transport Properties in Semiconductors
Scattering Mechanisms and Carrier Mobilities in Semiconductors
Optical Properties and Photoelectric Effects in Semiconductors
Metal
Semiconductor Contacts
P
N Junction Diodes
Solar Cells and Photodetectors
Light Emitting Dev
ISBN:9780387377667
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Physical optics , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387375908:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Applied Solid State Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): D. R Vij
Date:2006
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Solid-State spectroscopy is a burgeoning field with applications in many branches of science, including physics, chemistry, biosciences, surface science, and materials science. Handbook of Applied Solid-State Spectroscopy bringstogether in one volume information about various spectroscopic techniques that is currently scattered in the literature of these disciplines. This concise yet comprehensive volume covers theory and applications of a broad range ofspectroscopies, including NMR, NQR, EPR/ESR, EN DOR, scanning tunneling, acoustic resonance, FTIR, auger electron emission, x-ray photoelectron emission, luminescence, and optical polarization, and more. Emphasis is placed onfundamentals and current methods and procedures, together with the latest appl ications and developments in the field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
ENDOR Spectroscopy
Mssbauer Spectroscopy
Crystal
Field Spectroscopy
Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy
Resonance Acoustic Spectroscopy
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Auger Electron Spectroscopy
X
Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Luminescence Spectroscopy
Laser
Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Soft X
Ray Emission and Resonant Inelastic Scattering Spectroscopy
Laser Raman Spectroscopy
Polarization Spectroscopy of Ordere
ISBN:9780387375908
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics) , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540319153:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 14th Conference, April 1114, 2005, Oxford, UK
Author(s): A. G Cullis
J. L Hutchison
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is a long-established international biennial conference series, organised in conjunction with the Royal Microscopical Society, Oxford, the Institute of Physics, London and the Materials Research Society, USA. The 14thconference in the series foc used on the most recent advances in the study of the structural and electronic properties of semiconducting materials by the application of transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The latestdevelopments in the use of other important microcharacteri sation techniques were also covered and included the latest work using scanning probe microscopy and also X-ray topography and diffraction. Developments in materials science andtechnology covering the complete range of elemental and compound semiconductor s are described in this volume
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540319153
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540315179:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Half-metallic Alloys [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): I Galanakis
P.H Dederichs
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Half-metals are particular ferromagnetic materials which can be considered as hybrids between metals and semiconductors. A particular feature of these materials is that electrons at the Fermi level show complete spin polarizationmaking them prime tar gets for research into suitable divices for spin electronics. This book is both an introduction and state-of-art survey of the latest advances in the understanding and applications of Heusler alloys and relatedcompounds
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Half
Metallicity and Slater
Pauling Behaviour in the Ferromagnetic Heusler Alloys
Role of Structural Defects on the Half
Metallic Character of Heusler Alloys and Their Junctions With Ge and GaAs
Magnetism And Structure of Magnetic Multilayers Based on the Fully Spin Polarized Heusler Alloys Co2NnGe and Co2MnSn
Epitaxial Growth of NiMnSbon GaAs by Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Growth and Magnetotransport Properties of Thin Co2NnGe Layered Structures
Surface Segregation And Compositional Instability at The Surface of Half
Metal Ferromagnets and Related Compounds
Heusler Alloyed Electr
ISBN:9783540315179
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v676
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Magnetism , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540288824:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting Techniques [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wolfgang Becker
A. W Castleman
J.P Toennies
W Zinth
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) is a remarkable technique for recording low-level light signals with extremely high precision and picosecond-time resolution. TCSPC has developed from an intrinsically time-consumingand one-dimensional t echnique into a fast, multi-dimensional technique to record light signals. So this reference and text describes how advanced TCSPC techniques work and demonstrates their application to time-resolved laser scanningmicroscopy, single molecule spectroscopy, photon correlation experiments, and diffuse optical tomography of biological tissue. It gives practical hints about constructing suitable optical systems, choosing and using detectors, detectorsafety, preamplifiers, and using the control features and opti mising the operating conditions of TCSPC devices. Advanced TCSPC Techniques is an indispensable tool for everyone in research and development who is confronted with the taskof recording low-intensity light signals in the picosecond and nanosecond range
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Optical Signal Recording
Overview of Photon Counting Techniques
Advanced TCSPC Techniques
Building Blocks of Advanced TCSPC Devices
Applications of Modern TCSPC Techniques
Detectors for Photon Counting
Practice of TCSPC Experiments
ISBN:9783540288824
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v81
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Laser physics , Spectrum analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540288596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Fission and Cluster Radioactivity [electronic resource] : An Energy-Density Functional Approach
Author(s): M. A Hooshyar
I Reichstein
F. B Malik
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:It is the first application to nuclear physics from energy-density functional method, for which Professor Walter Kohn received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The book presents a comprehensive extension of the Bohr-Wheeler theorywith the present knowle dge of nuclear density distribution function
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Summary of Observed Data and Pre
Amble
Energy
Density Functional Formalism and Nuclear Masses
The Decay Process, Fission Barrier, Half
Lives, and Mass Distributions in the Energy
Density
Functional Approach
Spontaneous Fission Half
Lives of Fermium and Super
Heavy Elements
Empirical Barrier and Spontaneous Fission
Induced Fission
Hot and Cold Fission
Isomer Fission
Cluster Radioactivity
The Relation Between the Asymptotic Kinetic Energy, and the Condition for the Existence of a Meta
Stable State
The Expression for Half
Lives of Particles Tunneling Through the Ba
ISBN:9783540288596
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Nuclear physics , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540285281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franz Schwabl
Date:2005
Edition:Third Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advanced Quantum Mechanics, the second volume on quantum mechanics by Franz Schwabl, discusses nonrelativistic multi-particle systems, relativistic wave equations and relativistic fields. Characteristic of Schwabls work, thisvolume features a compell ing mathematical presentation in which all intermediate steps are derived and where numerous examples for application and exercises help the reader to gain a thorough working knowledge of the subject. Thetreatment of relativistic wave equations and their symmetries and the fundamentals of quantum field theory lay the foundations for advanced studies in solid-state physics, nuclear and elementary particle physics. This text extends andcomplements Schwabls introductory Quantum Mechanics, which covers nonrel ativistic quantum mechanics and offers a short treatment of the quantization of the radiation field. New material has been added to this third edition ofAdvanced Quantum Mechanics on Bose gases, the Lorentz covariance of the Dirac equation, and the hole t heory in the chapter Physical Interpretation of the Solutions to the Dirac Equation.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nonrelativistic Many
Particle Systems
Second Quantization
Spin
1/2 Fermions
Bosons
Correlation Functions, Scattering, and Response
Relativistic Wave Equations
Relativistic Wave Equations and their Derivation
Lorentz Transformations and Covariance of the Dirac Equation
Orbital Angular Momentum and Spin
The Coulomb Potential
The FoldyWouthuysen Transformation and Relativistic Corrections
Physical Interpretation of the Solutions to the Dirac Equation
Symmetries and Further Properties of the Dirac Equation
Relativistic Fields
Quantization of Relativisti
ISBN:9783540285281
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Quantum theory , Quantum computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540268819:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radioactivity Radionuclides Radiation [electronic resource] : Including the Universal Nuclide Chart on CD-ROM
Author(s): Joseph Magill
Jean Galy
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:RADIOACTIVITY RADIONUCLIDES RADIATION is suitable for a general audience interested in topical environmental and human health radiological issues such as radiation exposure in aircraft, food sterilisation, nuclearmedicine, radon gas, radiation disp ersion devices (dirty bombs) It leads the interested reader through the three Rs of nuclear science, to the forefront of research and developments in the field. The book is also suitable forstudents and professionals in the related disciplines of nuclear and radiochemistry, health physics, environmental sciences, nuclear and astrophysics. Recent developments in the areas of exotic decay modes (bound beta decay ofbare or fully ionized nuclei), laser transmutation, nuclear forensics, radiation hormesis and the LNT hypothesis are covered. Atomic mass data for over 3000 nuclides from the most recent (2003) evaluation are included
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Origins and Discoveries
Nuclear Energetics
Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions
Types of Radioactive Decay
Basic Research
Archeology and Dating
Radioisotopes in Medicine
Radioisotopes in Industry
Radiation and the Environment
ISBN:9783540268819
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear medicine , Agriculture , Forests and forestry , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402038310:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dense Molecular Gas Around Protostars and in Galactic Nuclei [electronic resource] : European Workshop on Astronomical Molecules 2004
Author(s): W.A Baan
Y Hagiwara
H.J Langevelde
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The phenomena observed in young stellar objects (YSO), circumstellar regions and extra-galactic nuclei show some similarity in their morphology, dynamical and physical processes, though they may differ in scale and energy. TheEuropean Workshop on Ast ronomical Molecules 2004 gave astronomers a unique opportunity to discuss the links among the observational results and to generate common interpretations of the phenomena in stars and galaxies, using theavailable diagnostic tools such as masers and dense molecular gas. Their theoretical understanding involves physics, numerical simulations and chemistry. Including a dozen introductory reviews, topics of papers in this book also cover:maser and dense gas diagnostics and related phenomena, evolution of cir cumstellar regions around protostars, evolution of circumnuclear regions of active galaxies, diagnostics of the circumnuclear gas in stars and galactic nuclei. Thisbook summarizes our present knowledge in these topics, highlights major problems to be addr essed, and finally proposes future work
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Young Stellar Objects (YSO) Evolution
Outflow, Infall, and Rotation in High
Mass Star Forming Regions
MERLIN and Puschino Observations of H2O Masers in Outer Galactic SFR S128N
Observing Magnetic Fields in Star
Forming Regions
Evidence for Co
Propagation of 4765
and 1720
MHz OH Masers in Star
Forming Regions
Magnetic Fields in Star
Forming Regions: Theoretical Aspects
VLBI Water Maser Proper Motion Measurements in Star
Forming Regions
High
Resolution Observations in B1
IRS: Ammonia, CCS and Water Masers
The Kinematics, Physical Condition and Magnetic Field of the W3 IR
ISBN:9781402038310
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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