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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD NUCLEAR REACTIONS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/22934.111 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword nuclear reactions ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9781400848225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gauge Theories of the Strong, Weak, and Electromagnetic Interactions (electronic resource)
Author(s): Chris Quigg
(Fermilab)
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press
Size:497 p
Contents:Introduction, Lagrangian Formalism and Conservation Laws, The Idea of Gauge Invariance,Non-Abelian Gauge Theories, Hidden Symmetries, Electroweak Interactions of Leptons, Electroweak Interactions of Quarks, Strong Interactions among Quarks, Unified Theories, Epilogue
ISBN:9781400848225
Series:EBL eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Gauge fields (Physics) , Nuclear reactions , Strong interactions (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:9780511622588:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to experimental particle physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard C. Fernow
Date:1986
Publisher:New York : Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource (421 p.)
Contents:Electromagnetic interactions -- Nuclear interactions -- Particle beams -- Targets -- Fast electronics -- Scintillation counters -- Cerenkov counters -- Proportional chambers -- Drift chambers -- Sampling calorimeters -- Specialized detectors -- Triggers -- Detector systems -- Some fundamental measurements.
ISBN:9780521301701
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics) Experiments , Particles (Nuclear physics) Technique , Electromagnetic interactions , Nuclear counters , Nuclear reactions
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319339276:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electron Spin Interactions in Chemistry and Biology Fundamentals, Methods, Reactions Mechanisms, Magnetic Phenomena, Structure Investigation
Author(s): Gertz Likhtenshtein
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (50 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33927-6
Contents:Spin Exchange and Electron Transfer -- Spin Exchange Processes Involving Excited Triplet States -- Spin Electron Dipolar and Contact Interactions -- Spin-Selective Processes of Electron and Nuclear Spins -- Experimental Methods of
Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on ESR Phenomena — Continuous Wave EPR Measurements -- Experimental Methods of Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on ESR Phenomena: Pulse ESR Measurements --
Miscellaneous Methods of Investigation of Electron Spin Interactions Based on Optical and Other Techniques -- Electron Spin Effects in Chosen Chemical and Physical Processes -- Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields Effects on Chemical
and Biological Processes -- Electron Spin Interactions in Investigation of Structure and Spin State of Organic and Metallo organic Compounds -- Electron Transfer in Biological Systems. Light Energy Conversion -- Spin Labeling Methods.
ISBN:9783319339276
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Bioorganic chemistry , Nanochemistry , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Biophysics , Physics , Single Molecule Studies, Molecular Motors , Nanochemistry , Bioorganic Chemistry , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Nanoscale Science and Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319317632:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Discovery of Isotopes A Complete Compilation
Author(s): Michael Thoennessen
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31763-2
Contents:Preface -- Dedication -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Radioactive Decay Chains -- Isotopes of Stable Elements -- First Nuclear Reactions -- Transuranium Elements -- Neutron Induced Fission -- Neutron Induced Reactions -- Photon
and Pion Induced Reactions -- Light Charged Particle Reactions -- Spallation and Charged-Particle Induced Fission -- Fusion Evaporation Reactions -- Superheavy Elements -- Spontaneous Fission -- Heavy Ion Transfer and Deep Inelastic
Reactions -- Projectile Fragmentation and Fission -- Unbound Isotopes -- Summary and Outlook
ISBN:9783319317632
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Nuclear Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319306513:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy from Nuclear Fission An Introduction
Author(s): Enzo De Sanctis
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (278 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30651-3
Contents:Part I. Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity -- 1. The Building Blocks of Matter -- 2. Radioactivity and Penetrating Power of Nuclear Radiation -- 3. Nuclear Reactions and Fission -- Part II. Nuclear Energy from Nuclear Fission -- 4.
Nuclear Reactors -- 5. Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection -- 6. Management of Radioactive Waste -- Glossary
ISBN:9783319306513
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Energy , Nuclear energy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Electric power production , Nuclear engineering , Energy , Nuclear Energy , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Engineering , Energy Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319211916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Basic Concepts in Nuclear Physics: Theory, Experiments and Applications 2015 La Rábida International Scientific Meeting on Nuclear Physics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (119 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21191-6
Contents:Hadrontherapy -- Gamma-ray spectroscopy of neutron-rich nuclei populated via multinucleon-transfer reactions -- Nuclear structure models based on relativistic energy density functionals -- Structure and Decay Modes of Superheavy
Nuclei -- Geant4 simulations for the analysis of (n,γ) measurements at n TOF -- Computer Simulation and Experimental Results of 7Be Photoproduction on 12C and 14N Nuclei
ISBN:9783319211916
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 182
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Science , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Societal Aspects of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400772052:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Complex Quantum Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vladimir M Akulin
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book gathers together a range of similar problems that can be encountered in different fields of modern quantum physics and that have common features with regard to multilevel quantum systems. The main motivation was toexamine from a uniform sta ndpoint various models and approaches that have been developed in atomic, molecular, condensed matter, chemical, laser and nuclear physics in various contexts. The book should help senior-level undergraduate,graduate students and researchers putting parti cular problems in these fields into a broader scientific context and thereby taking advantage of well-established techniques used in adjacent fields. This second edition has been expandedto include substantial new material (e.g. new sections on Dynamic Lo calization and on Euclidean Random Matrices and new chapters on Entanglement, Open Quantum Systems, and Coherence Protection). It is based on the authors lecturesat the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, at the CNRS Aim Cotton Laboratory, and on other courses he has given over the last two decades
Contents:Complex Systems and Their Statistical Description
Examples of Complex Systems
Molecules and Atoms in Laser Fields
Collisions and Reactions of Molecules
Rydberg Molecules
Atomic and Molecular Clusters
Some Other Examples
Quantum Circuits and Networks
Two
Level and LevelBand Systems
Two
Level System
Levelband System
Long
Time Behavior
Population of Inhomogeneous Bands
Two
Band System
General Consideration
Non
Degenerate Bands
Two Degenerate Levels
A Band Coupled to a Degenerate Level
The Role of Correlations
Soluble Time
Dependent
ISBN:9789400772052
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642539862:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Reactions [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Hans Paetz gen. Schieck
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Contents:Preface
Part I Nuclear Reactions
Part II Tools of Nuclear Reactions
Part III Applications of Nuclear Reactions and Special Accelerators
Index
ISBN:9783642539862
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642451416:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Euroschool on Exotic Beams, Vol. IV [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christoph Scheidenberger
Marek Pftzner
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the forth volume in a series of Lecture Notes based on the highly successful Euro Summer School on Exotic Beams. The aim of these notes is to provide a thorough introduction to radioactive ion-beam physics at the level ofgraduate students and young postdocs starting out in the field. Each volume covers a range of topics from nuclear theory to experiment and applications. Vol I has been published as LNP 651, Vol II has been published as LNP 700, andVol. III has been published as LNP 764
Contents:Clustering in Light Nuclei: From the Stable to the Exotic
A Pedestrian Approach to the Theory of Transfer Reactions: Applications to Weekly
bound and Ubound Exotic Nuclei
Effective Field Theories of Loosely Bound Nuclei
Direct Reactions at Relativistic Energies: A New Insight Into the Single
particle Structure of Exotic Nuclei
Nuclear Charge Radii of Light Elements and Recent Developments in Collinear Laser Spectroscopy
The Nuclear Energy Density Functional Formalism
ISBN:9783642451416
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642386558:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Anwar Kamal
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook explains the experimental basics, effects and theory of nuclear physics. It supports learning and teaching with numerous worked examples, questions and problems with answers. Numerous tables and diagrams help tobetter understand the exp lanations. A better feeling to the subject of the book is given with sketches about the historical development of nuclear physics. The main topics of this book include the phenomena associated with passage ofcharged particles and radiation through matter which are related to nuclear resonance fluorescence and the Moessbauer effect., Gamovs theory of alpha decay, Fermi theory of beta decay, electron capture and gamma decay. Thediscussion of general properties of nuclei covers nuclear sizes and nuclear forc e, nuclear spin, magnetic dipole moment and electric quadrupole moment. Nuclear instability against various modes of decay and Yukawa theory are explained.Nuclear models such as Fermi Gas Model, Shell Model, Liquid Drop Model, Collective Model and Optical Model are outlined to explain various experimental facts related to nuclear structure. Heavy ion reactions, including nuclear fusion,are explained. Nuclear fission and fusion power production is treated elaborately
Contents:Passage of Charged Particles Through Matter
Passage of Radiation Through Matter
Radioactivity
General Properties of Nuclei
The Nuclear 1\vo
Body
Nuclear Models
Nuclear Reactions
ISBN:9783642386558
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319010779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 3 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Beck
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is today one of those domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics that faces the greatest challenges, yet also containsthe greatest opportuni ties.After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physicists has decided to collaborate in producing a comprehensive collection of lectures andtutorial reviews covering the field.Thisthird volume follows the successful Lect. Notes Phys. 818 (Vol. 1) and 848 (Vol. 2), and comprises six extensive lectures covering the following topics: - Gamma Rays and Molecular Structure- Faddeev Equation Approach for Three Cluster Nuclear Reactions - Tomog raphy of the Cluster Structure of Light Nuclei Via Relativistic Dissociation - Clustering Effects Within the Dinuclear Model : From Light to Hyper-heavy Moleculesin Dynamical Mean-field Approach - Clusterization in Ternary Fission - Clusters in Light Neut ron-rich Isotopes By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical style of presentation throughout, these lectureswill serve as both a reference and an advanced teaching manual for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics
Contents:Faddeev Equation Approach for Three Cluster Nuclear Reactions
Electromagnetic Transitions as a Probe of Nuclear Clustering
Tomography of the Cluster Structure of Light Nuclei via Relativistic Dissociation
From Light to Hyper
heavy Molecules in Dynamical Mean
field Approach
Covalent Binding on the Femtometer Scale: Nuclear Molecules
Clusterization in Ternary Fission
ISBN:9783319010779
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v875
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461481362:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extreme Explosions [electronic resource] : Supernovae, Hypernovae, Magnetars, and Other Unusual Cosmic Blasts
Author(s): David S Stevenson
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:What happens at the end of the life of massive stars? At one time we thought all these stars followed similar evolutionary paths. However, new discoveries have shown that things are not quite that simple. This book focuses onthe extreme the most int ense, brilliant and peculiar of astronomical explosions. It features highly significant observational finds that push the frontiers of astronomy and astrophysics, particularly as before these objects wereonly predicted in theory. This book is for those w ho want the latest information and ideas about the most dramatic and unusual explosions detected by current supernova searches. It examines and explains cataclysmic and unusualevents in stellar astrophysics and presents them in a non-mathematical but high ly detailed way that non-professionals can understand and enjoy
Contents:The Evolution of Massive Stars
The Top of the Hertzsprung
Russell Diagram
Collapsars, Hypernovae, and Long Gamma Ray Bursts
Quiet supernovae, and Death by Fall
Back
Luminous Blue Variables and Supernova 'Imposters'
Death by Magnetar
Pulsational Pair Instability and Pair Instability Supernovae
Luminous Blue Flashes
Population III Stars
The Impact of Nuclear Reactions of Massive Stars on the Present Day Universe
Red Novae and the Enigma of V838 Monocerotis
ISBN:9781461481362
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319013930:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extensions to the No-Core Shell Model [electronic resource] : Importance-Truncation, Regulators and Reactions
Author(s): Michael Karl Gerhard Kruse
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Extensions to the No-Core Shell Model presents three extensions to the No-Core Shell Model (NCSM) that allow for calculations of heavier nuclei, specifically for the p-shell nuclei. The Importance-Truncated NCSM (IT-NCSM)formulated on arguments of mu lti-configurational perturbation theory selects a small set of basis states from the initially large basis space in which the Hamiltonian is diagonalized. Previous IT-NCSM calculations have proven reliable,however, there has been no thorough investigation of the inherent error in the truncated IT-NCSM calculations. This thesis provides a detailed study of IT-NCSM calculations and compares them to full NCSM calculations to judge theaccuracy of IT-NCSM in heavier nuclei. When IT-NCSM calculations are perfor med, one often needs to extrapolate the ground-state energy from the finite basis (or model) spaces to the full NCSM model space. In this thesis a carefulinvestigation of the extrapolation procedures was performed. On a related note, extrapolations in the NCSM are commonplace, but up to recently did not have the ultraviolet (UV) or infrared (IR) physics under control. This workadditionally presents a method that maps the NCSM parameters into an effective-field theory inspiredframework, in which the UV and IR physics are treated appropriately. The NCSM is well-suited to describe bound-state properties ofnuclei, but is not well-adapted to describe loosely bound systems, such as the exotic nuclei near the neutron drip line. With the inclusion of the Resonati ng Group Method (RGM), the NCSM / RGM can provide a first-principles descriptionof exotic nuclei and the first extension of the NCSM
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Low
Energy Nuclear Physics
The No Core Shell Model
Importance Truncated No Core Shell Model
UV and IR Properties of the NCSM
Extending the NCSM with the RGM
Conclusion
ISBN:9783319013930
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000473:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics [electronic resource] : Quarks and Gluons / Atomic Nuclei / Relativity and Cosmology / Biological Systems
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nuclear physics is an exciting, broadly faceted field. It spans a wide range of topics, reaching from nuclear structure physics to high-energy physics, astrophysics and medical physics (heavy ion tumor therapy). New developmentsare presented in this volume and the status of research is reviewed. A major focus is put on nuclear structure physics, dealing with superheavy elements and with various forms of exotic nuclei: strange nuclei, very neutron rich nuclei,nuclei of antimatter. Also quantum electro dynamics of strong fields is addressed, which is linked to the occurrence of giant nuclear systems in, e.g., U+U collisions. At high energies nuclear physics joins with elementary particlephysics. Various chapters address the theory of elementary matter a t high densities and temperature, in particular the quark gluon plasma which is predicted by quantum chromodynamics (QCD) to occur in high-energy heavy ion collisions.In the field of nuclear astrophysics, the properties of neutron stars and quark stars ar e discussed. A topic which transcends nuclear physics is discussed in two chapters: The proposed pseudocomplex extension of Einstein's GeneralRelativity leads to the prediction that there are no black holes and that big bang cosmology has to be revised. F inally, the interdisciplinary nature of this volume is further accentuated by chapters on protein folding and onmagnetoreception in birds and many other animals
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Superheavy Elements
Nuclear Structure and Reactions
High
Energy Nuclear Physics
Astrophysics, Particle Physics
Atomic Physics
Theoretical Biology
Photographs
ISBN:9783319000473
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461441816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus [electronic resource] : A Sixty Year Journey 1896 1956
Author(s): Bernard Fernandez
Georges Ripka
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus tells the story of how, in the span of barely sixty years, we made a transition from the belief that matter was composed of indivisible atoms, to the discovery that in the heart ofeach atom lies a nucleus which is ten thousand times smaller than the atom, which nonetheless carries almost all its mass, and the transformations of which involve energies that could never be reached by chemical reactions. It was nota smooth transition. The nature of nuclei, th eir properties, the physical laws which govern their behaviour, and the possibility of controlling to some extent their transformations, were discovered in discontinuous steps, followingpaths which occasionally led to errors which in turn were corrected b y further experimental discoveries. The story begins in 1896 when radioactivity was unexpectedly discovered and continues up to the nineteen-sixties. The authorsdescribe the spectacular progress made by physics during that time, which not only revealed a new form of matter, namely nuclei, but also modified our way of thinking by developing quantum mechanics and the theory of relativity. Thebook is written in a clear and non mathematical language which makes it both accessible and instructive to laymen, ph ysicists and students, as well as to historians of science. It delves into subjects which are of utmost importance forthe understanding of matter in our universe and for understanding how this knowledge was achieved
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Radioactivity, the First Puzzles
A Nucleus at the Heart of The Atom
Quantum Mechanics, the Unavoidable Path
A Timid Infancy
1930
1940 : A Dazzling Development
The Upheavals of the Second World War
The Time of Maturity
Where the Narrative Ends
ISBN:9781461441816
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642247071:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clusters in Nuclei, Vol.2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Beck
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is today one of those domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics that faces the greatest challenges, yet also containsthe greatest opportuni ties. After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physicists has decided to collaborate in producing a comprehensive collection of lecturesand tutorial reviews covering the field. This second volume follows the successful Lect. Notes Phys. 818 (Vol.1), and comprises six extensive lectures covering the following topics: Microscopic cluster models Neutron halo and break-up reactions Break-up reaction models for two- and three-cluster p rojectiles Clustering effects within the di-nuclear model Nuclearalpha-particle condensates Clusters in nuclei: experimental perspectives By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical style of presentation throughout, these lec tures will serve as both areference and an advanced teaching manual for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Microscopic Cluster Models
Neutron Halo and Breakup Reactions
Breakup Reaction Models for Two
and Three
Cluster Projectiles
Clustering Effects Within the Dinuclear Model
Nuclear Alpha
Particle Condensates
Clusters in Nuclei: Experimental Perspectives
ISBN:9783642247071
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v848
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642242267:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Physics with Polarized Particles [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans Paetz gen. Schieck
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The measurement of spin-polarization observables in reactions of nuclei and particles is of great utility and advantage when the effects of single-spin sub-states are to be investigated. Indeed, the unpolarized differentialcross-section encompasses t he averaging over the spin states of the particles, and thus loses details of the interaction process. This introductory text combines, in a single volume, course-based lecture notes on spin physics and onpolarized-ion sources with the aim of providing a concise yet self-contained starting point for newcomers to the field, as well as for lecturers in search of suitable material for their courses and seminars. A significant part ofthe book is devoted to introducing the formal theorya description of polari zation and of nuclear reactions with polarized particles. The remainder of the text describes the physical basis of methods and devices necessary to performexperiments with polarized particles and to measure polarization and polarization effects in nuclea r reactions. The book concludes with a brief review of modern applications in medicine and fusion energy research. For reasons ofconciseness and of the pedagogical aims of this volume, examples are mainly taken from low-energy installations such as tandem Van de Graaff laboratories, although the emphasis of present research is shifting to medium- and high-energynuclear physics. Consequently, this volume is restricted to describing non-relativistic processes and focuses on the energy range from astrophysic al energies (a few keV) to tens of MeV. It is further restricted to polarimetry ofhadronic particles
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Dedication
Preface
Introduction
Spin States and Spin Polarization
Density Operator, Density Matrix
Rotations, Angular Dependence of the Tensor Moments
Description of Nuclear Reactions of Particles With Spin
Partial Wave Expansion
Charged
particle Versus Neutron
induced Reactions
Sources and Targets of Polarized H and D Ions
Polarization by Optical Pumping
Production of Polarization by Other Methods
Measurement of Polarization Observables
Polarimetry
Medical Applications
Polarized Fusion
Outlook
List of References
Index
ISBN:9783642242267
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v842
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642237492:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photons in Natural and Life Sciences [electronic resource] : An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Lewerenz
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The book describes first the principle photon generation processes from nuclear reactions, electron motion and from discrete quantum transitions. It then focuses on the use of photons in various selected fields of modern naturaland life sciences. It bridges disciplines such as physics, chemistry, earth- and materials science, proteomics, information technology, photoelectrochemistry, photosynthesis and spintronics. Advanced light sources and their use innatural and life sciences are emphasized and th e effects related to the quantum nature of photons (quantum computing, teleportation) are described. The content encompasses among many other examples the role of photons on the origin oflife and on homochirality in biology, femtosecond laser slicing, pho tothermal cancer therapy, the use of gamma rays in materials science, photoelectrochemical surface conditioning, quantum information aspects and photo-spintronics. Thebook is written for scientists and graduate students from all related disciplines who ar e interested in the science beyond their immediate research field. It is meant to encourage interdisciplinary research and development in an agewhere nanoscience results in a convergence of formerly more disparate science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:On the Origin of Light
Sources of Spectral Photon Radiation
Photon Generation in Electronic Transition High
Energy Lasers
Applications in Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science and Biology
Exploiting the Quantum Nature of Photons
Spintronics
ISBN:9783642237492
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v157
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400701991:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): David Jou
Jos Casas-Vzquez
Manuel Criado-Sancho
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is the second edition of the book Thermodynamics of Fluids under Flow, which was published in 2000 and has now been corrected, expanded and updated. This is a companion book to our other title Extended irreversiblethermodynamics (D. Jou, J. Casa s-Vzquez and G. Lebon, Springer, 4th edition 2010), and of the textbook Understanding non-equilibrium thermodynamics (G. Lebon, D. Jou and J. Casas-Vzquez, Springer, 2008. The present book is morespecialized than its counterpart, as it focuses its attenti on on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of flowing fluids, incorporating non-trivial thermodynamic contributions of the flow, going beyond local equilibrium theories, i.e.,including the effects of internal variables and of external forcing due to the flo w. Whereas the book's first edition was much more focused on polymer solutions, with brief glimpses into ideal and real gases, the present edition coversa much wider variety of systems, such as: diluted and concentrated polymer solutions, polymer blends, laminar and turbulent superfluids, phonon hydrodynamics and heat transport in nanosystems,nuclear collisions, far-from-equilibriumideal gases, and molecular solutions. It also deals with a variety of situations, emphasizing the non-equilibrium flow contri bution: temperature and entropy in flowing ideal gases, shear-induced effects on phase transitions in realgases and on polymer solutions, stress-induced migration and its application to flow chromatography, Taylor dispersion, anomalous diffusion in flowin g systems, the influence of the flow on chemical reactions, and polymer degradation.The new edition is not only broader in scope, but more educational in character, and with more emphasis on applications, in keeping with our times. It provides many exampl es of how a deeper theoretical understanding may bring new andmore efficient applications, forging links between theoretical progress and practical aims. This updated version expands on the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Non
equilibrium Thermodynamics and Rheology
2 Non
equilibrium Temperature and Entropy in Flowing Ideal Gases: Maximum
Entrophy Approach
3 Kinetic Theory of Flowing Gases and Phonons. Phonon Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer in Nanosystems
4 Non
ideal and Nuclear Collisions
5 Polymeric Solutions and Blends
6 Non
equilibrium Chemical Potential and Shear
Induced Effects in Polymer Solutions and Blends
7 Comparison of Thermodynamical and Dynamical Approaches
8 Shear
induced Migration and Flow Chromatography
9 Taylor Dispersion and Anomalous Diffusion
10 Chemical Reaction
ISBN:9789400701991
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642147098:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of the Manhattan Project [electronic resource]
Author(s): B. Cameron Reed
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The development of nuclear weapons during the Manhattan Project is one of the most significant scientific events of the twentieth century. This book, prepared by a gifted teacher of physics, explores the challenges that faced themembers of the Manhat tan project. In doing so it gives a clear introduction to fission weapons at the level of an upper-level undergraduate physics student. Details of nuclear reactions, their energy release, the fission process, howcritical masses can be estimated, how fissi le materials are produced, and what factors complicate bomb design are covered. An extensive list of references and a number of problems for self-study are included. Links are given to severalspreadsheets with which users can run many of the calculations for themselves
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part 1. Energy Release in Nuclear Reactions, Neutrons,
Fission, and Characteristics of Fission
1.1 Notational Conventions for Mass Excess and Q
Values
1.2 Rutherford and the Energy Release in Radium Decay
1.3 Rutherfords First Artificial Nuclear Transmutation
1.4 Discovery of the Neutron
1.5 Artificially
Induced Radioactivity and the Path to Fission
1.6 Energy Release in Fission
1.7 The Bohr
Wheeler Theory of Fission: The Z2/A Limit Against Spontaneous Fission
1.8 Energy Spectrum of Fission Neutrons
1.9 Leaping the Fission Barrier
1.10 A Semi
Empi
ISBN:9783642147098
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642126987:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astronomy with Radioactivities [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roland Diehl
Dieter H Hartmann
Nikos Prantzos
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book introduces the reader to the field of nuclear astrophysics, i.e. the acquisition and reading of measurements on unstable isotopes in different parts of the universe. The authors explain the role of radioactivities inastrophysics, discuss sp ecific sources of cosmic isotopes and in which special regions they can be observed. More specifically, the authors address stars of different types, stellar explosions which terminate stellar evolutions, andother explosions triggered by mass transfers an d instabilities in binary stars. They also address nuclear reactions and transport processes in interstellar space, in the contexts of cosmic rays and of chemical evolution. A specialchapter is dedicated to the solar system which even provides material sa mples. The book also contains a description of key tools which astrophysicists employ in those particular studies and a glossary of key terms in astronomy withradioactivities
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I The Role of Radioactivities in Astrophysics
Introduction to Astronomy With Radioactivity
The Role of Radioactive Isotopes in Astrophysics
Part II Specific Sources of Cosmic Isotopes
Radioactivities in Low
and Intermediate
Mass Stars
Massive Stars and their Supernovae
Binary Systems and Their Nuclear Explosions
Part III Special Places to Observe Cosmic Isotopes
Distributed Radioactivities
Part IV Tools for the Study of Radioactivities in Astrophysics
Nuclear Reactions
Instruments for Observations of Radioactivities
Part V Epilogue
Perspectives
An
ISBN:9783642126987
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v812
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048137374:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar Neutrons and Related Phenomena [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev Dorman
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book presents the first comprehensive compilation and review of the extensive body of experimental and theoretical material on solar neutrons and related phenomena published in the scientific literature over the last sixtyyears. Phenomena relate d to solar neutrons are more specifically: the decay products of solar neutrons solar gamma rays generated in processes like nuclear reactions between solar energetic charged particles and matter of the solaratmosphere, as well as by the capture of solar neutrons by hydrogen atoms in the solar atmosphere the propagation of solar neutrons, solar gamma rays and other secondary particles through the solar photosphere, chromosphere and corona,as well as through interplanetary space and through the Earth's atm osphere. Models and simulations of particle acceleration, interactions, and propagation processes show that observations of solar neutrons and gamma rays in space andin the Earth's atmosphere yield essential and unique information on the source function o f energetic solar particles, as well as on the chemical composition and density distribution of plasma in the solar atmosphere. The resultsdescribed in the book may also be useful for astrophysical studies of other stars and different astrophysical object s, as well as for space weather problems. The book will serve as a reference work for researchers and students in solarphysics, plasma, neutron, and gamma ray physics, as well as in cosmic ray physics, space science, geophysics and those researching space weather problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Frequently used Abbreviations and Notations
Chapter 1. Charged, Accelerated Particle Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere, and the Generation of Secondary Energetic Particles and Radiations: Pioneer Results
Chapter 2. The Events of August 1972 and the Discovery of Solar Gamma
Radiation
Chapter 3. The Events of the June 1980 and June 1982, and the Discovery of Solar Neutrons
Chapter 4. Space Probe Observations of Solar Neutron Events
Chapter 5. Solar Neutron Propagation in the Earth's Atmosphere, and the Sensitivity of Neutron Monitors and other Gro
ISBN:9789048137374
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v365
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540485353:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Chromodynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Stefan Schramm
Eckart Stein
Date:2007
Edition:Third Revised and Enlarged Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is a self-contained introduction to perturbative and nonperturbative Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with worked-out exercises for students of theoretical physics. It will be useful as a reference for research scientists aswell. Starting with t he hadron spectrum, the reader becomes familiar with the representations of SU(N). Relativistic quantum field theory is recapitulated, and scattering theory is discussed in the framework of scalar quantumelectrodynamics. Then the gauge theory of quarks an d gluons is introduced. In the more advanced chapters, perturbative and nonperturbative techniques in state-of-the-art QCD are discussed in great detail. The new third edition has beenextensively revised and enlarged to cover all new aspects in Quantum ch romodynamics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Introduction of Quarks
Review of Relativistic Field Theory
Scattering Reactions and the Internal Structure of Baryons
Gauge Theories and Quantum Chromodynamics
Perturbative QCD I: Deep Inelastic Scattering
Perturbative QCD II: The Drell
Yan Process and the Gribov
Levin
Ryskin Equation
Nonperturbative QCD
Phenomenological Models for Nonperturbative QCD Problems
ISBN:9783540485353
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540464969:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics and Thermodynamics with Nuclear Degrees of Freedom [electronic resource]
Author(s): Philippe Chomaz
Francesca Gulminelli
Wolfgang Trautmann
Sherry J Yennello
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The study of nuclear reaction dynamics and thermodynamics with nuclear degrees of freedom has progressed dramatically in the past 20 years, from inclusive charge distributions to exclusive isotopically resolved fragmentobservables and from schematic phenomenological break-up models to sophisticated quantum many-body transport theories. A coherent and quantitative understanding of reaction mechanisms and of the underlying nuclear matter equation ofstate is emerging from the analysis of experimental da ta and from the theoretical modeling of heavy ion reactions. In addition, the accumulated evidence for phenomena related to the liquid-gas phase transition of nuclear matter hastriggered interdisciplinary activities and the transfer of useful methods. In the near future, the availability of radioactive beam facilities is expected to provide unique opportunities for extending our knowledge of the dynamicproperties and the nuclear phase diagram towards exotic nuclear systems with important astrophysical imp lications. The present volume is the outcome of a community-wide review of the field of dynamics and thermodynamics with nucleardegrees of freedom which has been initiated two years ago. The achievements and the outstanding open questions are presented in 26 articles of together 61 authors and collected in six topical sections. All authors are internationallyrecognized experts in their fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Transport Properties
Decay Properties
Isospin Properties
Signals of Phase Transition
Challenges and Perspectives
ISBN:9783540464969
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540337874:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Euroschool Lectures on Physics with Exotic Beams, Vol. II [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jim Al-Khalili
Ernst Roeckl
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is the second volume in a series of Lecture Notes based on the highly succesful Euro Summer School on Exotic Beams. The aim of these notes is to provide a thorough introduction to radioactive ion-beam physics at the level ofgraduate students and young postdocs starting out in the field. Each volume covers a range of topics from nuclear theory to experiment and applications. Vol I has been published as LNP 651, ISBN 3-540-22399-1
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nuclear Halos and Experiments to Probe Them
Isotope Separtion On
Line and Post Acceleration
Gamma
Ray Arrays: Past, Present and Future
Nuclear Moments
Spallation Reactions in Applied and Fundamental Research
ISBN:9783540337874
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v700
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Nuclear physics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540302728:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lasers and Nuclei [electronic resource] : Applications of Ultrahigh Intensity Lasers in Nuclear Science
Author(s): Heinrich Schwoerer
Burgard Beleites
Joseph Magill
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Lasers and Nuclei describes the generation of high-energy-particle radiation with high-intensity lasers and its application to nuclear science. A basic introduction to laser--matter interaction at high fields is complemented bydetailed presentations of state of the art laser particle acceleration and elementary laser nuclear experiments. The text also discusses future applications of lasers in nuclear science, for example in nuclear astrophysics, isotopegeneration, nuclear fuel physics and proton and neutron imaging
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals and Equipment
The Nuclear Era of Laser Interactions: New Milestones in the History of Power Compression
High
Intensity LaserMatter Interaction
Laser
Triggered Nuclear Reactions
POLARIS: An All Diode
Pumped Ultrahigh Peak Power Laser for High Repetition Rates
The Megajoule Laser A High
Energy
Density Physics Facility
Sources
Electron and Proton Beams Produced by Ultrashort Laser Pulses
Laser
Driven Ion Acceleration and Nuclear Activation
Pulsed Neutron Sources with Tabletop Laser
Accelerated Protons
Transmutation
Laser Transmutation of Nuclea
ISBN:9783540302728
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v694
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540376422:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The 4th International Conference on Exotic Nuclei and Atomic Masses [electronic resource] Refereed and selected contributions
Author(s): Carl J Gross
Witold Nazarewicz
Krzysztof P Rykaczewski
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The International Conference on Exotic Nuclei and Atomic Masses (ENAM) has gained the status of the premier meeting for the physics of nuclei far from stability. The selected and refereed papers presenting the main resultsconstitute valuable proceedi ngs that offer everyone working in this field an authoritative and comprehensive source of reference
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Masses
Radioactivity
Moments and radii
Reactions
Clusters and drip lines
Excited states
Nuclear structure theory
Heavy elements
Nuclear astrophysics
Fundamental symmetries
Radioactive ion beam production and applications
Conference summary
Erratum
ISBN:9783540376422
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540270959:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electrostatic Accelerators [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): Ragnar Hellborg
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Electrostatic accelerators are an important and widespread subgroup within the broad spectrum of modern, large particle acceleration devices. They are specifically designed for applications that require high-quality ion beams interms of energy stabil ity and emittance at comparatively low energies (a few MeV). Their ability to accelerate virtually any kind of ion over a continuously tunable range of energies make them a highly versatile tool for investigationsin many research fields including, but not limited to, atomic and nuclear spectroscopy, heavy ion reactions, accelerator mass spectroscopy as well as ion-beam analysis and modification. The book is divided into three parts. The firstpart concisely introduces the field of accelerator technology an d techniques that emphasize their major modern applications. The second part treats the electrostatic accelerator per se: its construction and operational principles aswell as its maintenance. The third part covers all relevant applications in which elect rostatic accelerators are the preferred tool for accelerator-based investigations. Since some topics are common to all types of accelerators,Electrostatic Accelerators will also be of value those more familiar with other types of accelerators
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Accelerators
to Part I Accelerators
Accelerators an Introduction
Accelerators for Medicine
Accelerators for Synchrotron Radiation
The Electrostatic Accelerator
to Part II the Electrostatic Accelerator
History of the Electrostatic Accelerator
Electrostatics
Calculation Technique for High
Voltage Equipment in Gas
Charging Systems
Development of Charging Belts in Russia
Cascade Generators
Voltage Distribution Systems Resistors and Corona Points
Accelerator Tubes
Development of Tubes in Obninsk, Russia
Stabilization
Stripper System
ISBN:9783540270959
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Particle Acceleration and Detection, 1611-1052
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540268819:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radioactivity Radionuclides Radiation [electronic resource] : Including the Universal Nuclide Chart on CD-ROM
Author(s): Joseph Magill
Jean Galy
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:RADIOACTIVITY RADIONUCLIDES RADIATION is suitable for a general audience interested in topical environmental and human health radiological issues such as radiation exposure in aircraft, food sterilisation, nuclearmedicine, radon gas, radiation disp ersion devices (dirty bombs) It leads the interested reader through the three Rs of nuclear science, to the forefront of research and developments in the field. The book is also suitable forstudents and professionals in the related disciplines of nuclear and radiochemistry, health physics, environmental sciences, nuclear and astrophysics. Recent developments in the areas of exotic decay modes (bound beta decay ofbare or fully ionized nuclei), laser transmutation, nuclear forensics, radiation hormesis and the LNT hypothesis are covered. Atomic mass data for over 3000 nuclides from the most recent (2003) evaluation are included
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Origins and Discoveries
Nuclear Energetics
Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions
Types of Radioactive Decay
Basic Research
Archeology and Dating
Radioisotopes in Medicine
Radioisotopes in Industry
Radiation and the Environment
ISBN:9783540268819
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear medicine , Agriculture , Forests and forestry , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387269313:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Energy [electronic resource] : Principles, Practices, and Prospects
Author(s): David Bodansky
Date:2005
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The world faces serious difficulties in obtaining the energy that will be needed in coming decades for a growing population, especially given the problem of climate change caused by fossil fuel use. This book presents a view ofnuclear energy as an im portant carbon-free energy option. It discusses the nuclear fuel cycle, the types of reactors used today and proposed for the future, nuclear waste disposal, reactor accidents and reactor safety, nuclear weaponproliferation, and the cost of electric power . To provide background for these discussions, the book begins with chapters on the history of the development and use of nuclear energy, the health effects of ionizing radiation, and thebasic physics principles of reactor operation. The text has been rew ritten and substantially expanded for this edition, to reflect changes that have taken place in the eight years since the publication of the first edition and toprovide greater coverage of key topics. These include the Yucca Mountain repository plans, des igns for next-generation reactors, weapons proliferation and terrorism threats, the potential of alternatives to nuclear energy, andcontroversies about low-level radiation. Acclaim for the first edition: The book provides a superb background for scientist s and those in technical fields. It provides probably all the information that many people, includinggovernment policy makers, will ever need...[a] well-written and balanced book. This book is recommended for anyone who wants a broad technical background on nuclear energy. -American Journal of Physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Motivation for Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Power Development
Radioactivity and Radiation Exposures
Effects of Radiation Exposures
Neutron Reactions
Nuclear Fission
Chain Reactions and Nuclear Reactors
Types of Nuclear Reactors
Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Nuclear Waste Disposal: Amounts of Waste
Storage and Disposal of Nuclear Wastes
US Waste Disposal Plans and the Yucca Mountain Repository
Policy Issues in Nuclear Waste Disposal
Nuclear Reactor Safety
Nuclear Reactor Accidents
Future Nuclear Reactors
Nuclear Bombs, Nuclear Energy, and Terrorism
Prolifer
ISBN:9780387269313
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics) , Nuclear physics , Nuclear engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387250953:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals In Nuclear Physics [electronic resource] : From Nuclear Structure to Cosmology
Author(s): Jean-Louis Basdevant
Michel Spiro
James Rich
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This course explores nuclear physics and its applications ranging from the structure of nuclei and their reactions, to astrophysics and cosmology. The physics is introduced with arguments based on simple ideas such as theempirical structure of nuclea r forces and its interplay with the Pauli principle and Coulomb repulsion. The book then develops elementary nuclear models and illustrates nuclear systematics with experimental data. Reactions and decaysare discussed both phenomenologically and from the point of view of fundamental electro-weak interaction theory. The discussions of fission and fusion emphasize nuclear energy production. This leads directly into nuclear astrophysicsand nucleosynthesis. The book ends with a presentation of the latest idea s about cosmology. As a primer this course will lay the foundations for more specialized subjects within the vast domain of nuclear physics as a whole. This bookemerged from a series of topical courses the authors delivered at the Ecole Polytechnique and will be useful for advanced undergraduates and for scientists in a variety of fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Basic concepts of Nuclear Physics
Nuclear Models and Stability of the Nucleus
Nuclear Reactions
Nuclear Decays and Fundamental Interactions
Radioactivity and all that
Fission
Fusion
Nuclear Astrophysics
Nuclear Cosmology
Relativistic kinematics
Accelerators
Time
dependent perturbation theory
Nutron transport
Solutions and Hints for Selected Exercises
Tables of numerical values
Table of Nuclei
References
Index
ISBN:9780387250953
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662089903:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonequilibrium Physics at Short Time Scales Formation of Correlations
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (501 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-08990-3
Contents:I Quantum Statistical Approaches to Correlations -- Quantum Many-Body Theory and Coherent Potential Approximation -- Cluster Transfer Matrix Method: A novel Many-Body Technique in Nanoelectronics -- Dynamical Properties of Quantum
Systems -- Variational Approaches to the Dynamics of Mixed Quantum States -- Thermal Non-analyticity in the Damping Rate of a Massive Fermion -- Second Law of Thermodynamics, but Without a Thermodynamic Limit -- II Description of
Nonequilibrium Correlations -- Isothermal Molecular Dynamics in Classical and Quantum Mechanics -- Non-local Kinetic Theory -- Collisional Absorption of Laser Radiation in a Strongly Correlated Plasma -- Correlations and Equilibration
in Relativistic Quantum Systems -- Consequences of Kinetic Nonequilibrium for the Nuclear Equation-of-state in Heavy Ion Collisions -- III Response to Short Laser Pulses in Semiconductors Ultrafast Spectroscopy in the Quantum Hall
Regime -- Ultrafast Formation of Quasiparticles in Semiconductors: How Bare Charges Get Dressed -- Self-Consistent Projection Operator Theory of Intersubband Absorbance in Semiconductor Quantum Wells -- Disorder Induced e—h Correlation
in Photoexcited Transients in Semiconductors -- Excitonic Correlations in the Nonlinear Optical Response of Two-dimensional Semiconductor Microstructures: A Nonequilibrium Green’s Function Approach -- Cluster Expansion in Semiconductor
Quantum Optics -- IV Correlations and Dynamics Clusters and Nuclei -- Analysis of Cluster Dynamics -- Short Time-Scale Electron Kinetics in Bulk Metals and Metal Clusters -- Origin of the Pseudogap in High Temperature Superconductors
-- Electric Fields in Superconductors -- Cluster Emission in Complex Nuclear Reactions -- Correlations in Finite Systems and Their Universal Scaling Properties -- Fluctuations and Instabilities in Nuclear Dynamics: from
Multifragmentation to Neutron Stars
ISBN:9783662089903
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Condensed matter , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Condensed Matter Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783642185342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond the Desert 2003 Proceedings of the Fourth Tegernsee International Conference on Particle Physics Beyond the Standard Model, BEYOND 2003, Castle Ringberg, Tegernsee, Germany, 9–14 June 2003
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (1117 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-18534-2
Contents:I SUSY/SUGRA Phenomenology and Early Universe -- Twenty Years of SUGRA -- Dark MatterMuon g-2 and Other SUSY Constraints -- On CPT Symmetry: Cosmological, Quantum-Gravitational and Other Possible Violations and Their Phenomenology --
II Cosmic Microwave Background -- Determination of Cosmological Parameters from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations -- Neutrino Physics from Cosmological Observations -- Can Planck See Transplanck? -- III
Superstrings and Symmetries -- Superstring Phenomenology in Light of LEP, KamLAND and WMAP -- CP-Violating Electron-Nucleon Interactions and CP-Violation Beyond the Standard Model -- Lorentz-Violating Supergravity -- The
Lorentz-Violating Extension of the Standard Model -- A Time Variation of the QCD Scale -- Unification in Higher Dimensions -- Preon Prophecies by the Standard Model -- IV Cosmology and Neutrino Oscillations -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
and Neutrinos -- Cosmoparticle Physics — The Challenge for the Millenium -- Leptogenesis in a Prompt Decay Scenario -- Supernova Neutrino Oscillations: An Analytical Approach -- Neutrino Data, CP Violation, and Cosmological
Implications -- Solar Neutrino Measurements at the SUDBURY Neutrino Observatory -- Indications of Neutrino Oscillation in a 250 km Long-Baseline Experiment -- V Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay -- The HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW 76Ge Double Beta
Experiment in Gran Sasso 1990-2003 and Status of Absolute Neutrino Mass -- The Search For Rare Processes with DAMA/LXe -- Towards a Background-Free ??-Decay Experiment Using the EDELWEISS Cryogenic Ge Detectors -- XMASS Experiment --
Contributions to Fundamental Physics and Constants Using Penning Traps -- The Neutrino Mass Matrix — New Developments -- Single ? and Double 0??? Decays with Majorana Spinors -- VI Fundamental Symmetries and Tests of General Relativity
-- Application of Neutron Interferometry for Tests of Fundamental Physics Questions -- Gravitational Energy Loss and Binary Pulsars in the Scalar Ether-Theory of Gravitation -- Cosmological Term, Mass, and Space-Time Symmetry --
Fermions, Bosons and Locality in Special Relativity with Two Invariant Scales -- New Perspectives in Testing the General Relativistic Lense-Thirring Effect -- ??? Geometries from the Point of View of Different Observers -- VII Dark
Matter Search — Experiments -- Results from DAMA/Nal and Perspectives for DAMA/LIBRA -- GENIUS-Test-Facility Started Operation in GRAN SASSO — with First Ten kg of Naked Germanium Detectors in Liquid Nitrogen -- Latest Results from the
EDELWEISS WIMP Search -- Direct Search for Dark Matter Particles with Very Large Detectors -- VIII Dark Matter Search — Theory -- Why a Ring of Stars at r = 20 kpc? -- The Distribution of Dark Matter in Galaxies: The Core Radius Issue
-- The Supermassive Black Hole at the Center of the Milky Way -- Dark Matter at the Center and in the Halo of the Galaxy -- Light Relic Neutralinos -- QCD Axion and Quintessential Axion -- Conformal Bulk Fields, Dark Energy, and Brane
Dynamics -- IX Supernova, Relic and Solar Neutrinos -- SN 1987 A — Historical View About Registration of the Neutrino Signal with BAKSAN, Kamiokande II, and IMB Detectors -- Relic Supernova Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande -- Supernova
Relic Neutrinos and Observational Implications for Neutrino Oscillation -- The Structure of the Solar Core -- Nuclear Reactions in the Sun after SNO and KamLAND -- X Gamma-Ray Astronomy, Highest Energy Cosmic Rays and GKZ --
Ground-Based Gamma-Ray Astronomy, Status and Perspectives -- Observations of Gamma Ray Bursts with BeppoSAX -- The Physics Potential of AMS: Astrophysics and Astroparticle Physics -- Status and Perspectives of the Pierre Auger
Observatory -- Status of an Atmospheric Cherenkov Imaging Camera for the CANGAROO-III Experiment and Perspective of the Field -- Tau Neutrino Astronomy -- Strongly Interacting Neutrinos as the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays -- XI Neutrino
Factories Underwater and Underground Experiments -- Neutrino Factory and Muon Factory -- Results from the AMANDA Neutrino Telescope -- The Baikal Neutrino Project: Status and Perspectives -- Status of the ANTARES Experiment -- Final
Results of the MACRO Experiment -- ICARUS: A Second-Generation Proton Decay Experiment and Neutrino Observatory at the Gran Sasso Laboratory -- XII Search for New Physics at Colliders -- Results on the Higgs Boson Searches at the LEP
Collider -- Towards Final Results on the Search for R-Parity Violation at LEP -- Status and Perspectives of MECO, the Muon to Electron COnversion Experiment -- Recent D? Results at Run II -- Heavy Ion Collisions -- Search for Exotic
Couplings at DELPHI -- Searches for Leptoquarks with the OPAL Detector at LEP -- XIII Gravitational Waves -- The Search for Gravitational Waves — Status and Perspectives -- XIV Superheavy Elements -- Achievements and Perspectives in
the Search for Super Heavy Elements -- Superheavy Elements — Status of Research in Dubna -- Author Index -- List of Participants
ISBN:9783642185342
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 92
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783642185038:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of the Isotopic Effect in Solids
Author(s): Vladimir G Plekhanov
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (334 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-18503-8
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Phonon Spectra of Solids: Indicator of Their Isotope Purity -- 2.1 Theory of Lattice Dynamics -- 2.2 Elastic Properties -- 2.3 Vibrational Properties -- 3 Thermal Properties -- 3.1 Dependence of the Thermal
Conductivity on the Isotopic Composition -- 3.2 Lattice Constant Dependence on Temperature and Isotopic Composition -- 4 Isotopic Renormalization of the Electronic Excitation Energy Spectrum -- 4.1 Exciton States -- 4.2 Exciton-Phonon
Interaction -- 4.3 Giant Isotopic Effect in the Energy Spectrum of Wannier-Mott Exciton in LiH Crystals -- 4.4 Nonlinear Dependence of Band-Gap Energy on the Isotopic Effect -- 4.5 Renormalization of Binding Energy of Wannier-Mott
Excitons by Isotopic Effect -- 4.6 Nonlinear Dependence of Binding Energy on Isotopic Concentration -- 4.7 Isotopic Effect in the Luminescence Spectrum -- 5 Process of Self-Diffusion in Isotopically Pure Materials and Heterostructures
-- 5.1 General Remarks -- 5.2 The Relation of Diffusion Experiments to the Mathematics of Diffusion -- 5.3 The Self-Diffusion Process -- 5.4 The SIMS-Technique -- 5.5 Self-Diffusion of Li and H in LiH Crystals -- 5.6 Self-Diffusion in
Intrinsic Ge -- 5.7 Self- and Interdiffusion of Ga and Al in Isotopically Pure and Doped Heterostructures -- 6 Neutron Transmutative Doping -- 6.1 The NTD Process: A New Reactor Technology -- 6.2 Reactor Facilities for Transmutative
Doping -- 6.3 Nuclear Reaction Under the Influence of Charged Particles -- 6.4 Nuclear Reaction Under the Action of the ?-Rays -- 6.5 Nuclear Reactions Under the Influence of Neutrons -- 6.6 The Influence of Dopants -- 6.7 Atomic
Displacement Effects in NTD -- 6.8 Experimental Results -- 7 Optical Fiber -- 7.1 Optical Communication -- 7.2 Maxwell’s Equations -- 7.3 Geometric Optics of Fibers -- 7.4 Waveguide Mode Propagation -- 7.5 Pulse Spreading -- 7.6
Materials for Optical Fibers -- 7.7 Fiber Preparation -- 7.8 Isotopes in Fibers -- 8 Laser Materials -- 8.1 Some General Remarks -- 8.2 Absorption and Induced Emission -- 8.3 Semiconductor Lasers -- 8.4 Nonlinear Properties of Excitons
in Isotopically Mixed Crystals -- 9 Other Unexplored Applications of Isotopic Engineering -- 9.1 Isotopic Information Storage -- 9.2 Isotopic Structuring for Fundamental Studies -- 9.3 Other Possibilities -- 10 Conclusion -- References
ISBN:9783642185038
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 70
Keywords: Physics , Mechanics , Nuclear physics , Atoms , Condensed matter , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Materials science , Physics , Mechanics , Condensed Matter Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Optical and Electronic Materials , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783540445043:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Hispalensis Lectures on Nuclear Physics Vol. 2
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (328 p.)
Note:10.1007/b99182
Contents:Microscopic Models of Heavy Ion interactions -- Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions and the Quark-Gluon Plasma -- Nuclear Physics Far From Stability -- Experiments With Radioactive Nuclear Beams -- Beyond the Proton Drip-Line
-- Nuclear Reactions With Exotic Beams -- Nuclear Astrophysics: Selected Topics -- Eaquation of State of Hypernuclear Matter and Neutron Stars -- Regularity and Chaos in the Nuclear Masses -- An Introduction to Nuclear Supersymmetry: a
Unification Scheme for Nuclei
ISBN:9783540445043
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 652
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Particle acceleration , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402028526:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ICAME 2003 Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2003) held in Muscat, Oman, 21–25 September 2003
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (656 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2852-6
Contents:Mössbauer Instrument Package MS-2000IP -- Nuclear Resonant Scattering of Synchrotron Radiation as a Method for Distinction between Covariant Ether Theories and Special Relativity -- Mössbauer Spectrometer with Novel Moving System and
Resonant Detection of Gamma Rays -- Angular Distribution of Hyperfine Magnetic Field in Fe3O4 and Fe66Ni34 from Mössbauer Polarimetry -- Two-Dimensional Mössbauer Spectra -- 57Fe Mössbauer Study of Magnetic Nanowires -- Synthesis and
Mössbauer Study of Maghemite Nanowire Arrays -- Mössbauer Characterization of Iron-Based Nanogranular Films -- Mössbauer Study of Nanocrystalline ?-Fe3?xCoxN System -- Mössbauer Studies of Nanosize CuFe2O4 Particles -- Mössbauer
Studies on Nanocrystalline Diol Capped ?-Fe2O3 -- Hyperfine and Structural Properties of the Mechanically Alloyed (FeMn)30Cu70 System -- 197Au Mössbauer Study of Bimetallic Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemical Technique -- Phase
Composition and Properties of Iron Nanocrystals and Clusters Embedded in MgO Matrix -- Shifting the Superparamagnetic Limit of Nanosized Copper Iron Spinel -- Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 by Aerosol Route and Its
Characterization -- Transitions and Spin Dynamics at Very Low Temperature in the Pyrochlores Yb2Ti2O7 and Gd2Sn2O7 -- Mössbauer and Neutron Diffraction Studies on Co-Al Ferrite -- Mössbauer Studies of Fe0.7?xSi0.3Mnx Alloys --
Observation of Substitutional Fe in CEMS Measurements on Synthetic CVD Diamond -- Interaction between Interstitial Hydrogen and Fe Atoms within the ?-Hydride Phase in Nb1?yFeyHx Alloys -- First Observation of Photoinduced Magnetization
for the Cyano-Bridged 3d–4f Heterobimetallic Assembly Nd(DMF)4(H2O)3(?-CN)Fe(CN)5·H2O (DMF = N,N-Dimethylformamide) -- Non-Magnetic Stainless Steels Reinvestigated — a Small Effective Field Component in External Magnetic Fields --
Magnetic Response and Hyperfine Magnetic Fields at Fe Sites of Sr3Fe2MO9 (M = Mo, Te, W, U) Double-Perovskites -- Modification of Nuclear Decay Constant in the Finite Space -- Mössbauer Studies and Magnetic Properties of Y3?xCexFe5O12
-- Control of Charge Transfer Phase Transition in Iron Mixed-Valence System (n-CnH2n+1)4 N[FeIIFeIII(dto)3] (n = 3?6 dto = C2O2S2) -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study on the Effect of Al-Cr Co-Substitution in Yttrium and Yttrium-Gadolinium
Iron Garnets -- Mössbauer Study of Microstructure and Magnetic Properties (Co, Ni)-Zr Substituted Ba Ferrite Particles -- Mössbauer Studies of Dilute 119Sn and 57Fe in SrRuO3 and Sr2FeRuO6 -- Mössbauer Studies on the Quasibinary System
FeTe1.45-TiTe1.45 -- Magnetic Properties of Iron Clusters in Silver -- Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline FexCu1?x Alloys Prepared by Ball Milling -- The Formation of Lithiated Ti-Doped ?-Fe2O3 Nanocrystalline Particles by
Mechanical Milling of Ti-Doped Lithium Spinel Ferrite -- Effect of Mg2+ on the Magnetic Compensation of Lithium-Chromium Ferrite -- High-Pressure 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Octamethyl-Ethynyl-Ferrocene -- 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopic Study of Fe-B Compounds -- Mössbauer- and EPR-Snapshots of an Enzymatic Reaction: The Cytochrome P450 Reaction Cycle -- The Effect of Biocompatible Coating Layers on Magnetic Properties of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide
Nanoparticles -- Spin States of Iron(III) in Highly Saddled Dodecaphenylporphyrin Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Iron Containing Vitamins and Dietary Supplements -- Comparative Study of Human Liver Ferritin and Chicken Liver by
Mössbauer Spectroscopy. Preliminary Results -- Low-Spin Ferriheme Models of the Cytochromes: Correlation of Molecular Structure with EPR and Mössbauer Spectral Parameters -- Iron-Sulfur Proteins Investigated by EPR-, Mössbauer- and
EXAFS-Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Study of Lanthanum-Strontium Ferromanganite Oxides -- Iron-57 Mössbauer Spectroscopic Investigation of Manganese-Doped ?-Fe2O3 -- Study on Chemical Bond and Electronic State of New Gold Mixed Valence
Complexes Cs2[Au1X2][AuIIIY4] (X, Y = Cl, Br, I) by Means of 197Au Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Magnetic Properties of TlCo2Se2 Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Exploring the Verwey-Type Transition in GdBaFe2O5+? Using 57Fe Mössbauer
Spectroscopy -- First Principles Calculations of Mössbauer Spectra of Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries -- 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study of LaFe1?xCoxO3 (x = 0 and 0.5) Formed by Mechanical Milling -- A
Crystallographic and Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of BaCo0.5xZn0.5xTix Fe12?2xO19 (M-Type Hexagonal Ferrite) -- Laboratory Intercomparison on the Determination of the Fe(II)/Fe(III) Ratio in Glass Using Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- 57Fe
Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study on the Assembled Iron Complexes -- 155Gd Mössbauer Isomer Shifts and Quadrupole Coupling Constants of Gadolinium Complexes -- Mössbauer Spectroscopy in the Characterisation of Polymetallic Cluster
Compounds: a Triple Mössbauer Study of (PPh4)[Fe2Ir2(CO)12{?3-Au(PPh3)}] -- The Nonanuclear [Mo(IV){(CN)Fe(III)(3-ethoxysaldptn)}8]Cl4 Complex Compound Exhibits Multiple Spin Transitions Observed by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Processes
in Geophysics Studied by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- High Pressure Mössbauer Studies on FCC Fe53Ni47 Alloy -- Mössbauer and XRD Comparative Study of Host Rock and Iron Rich Mineral Samples from Paz del Rio Iron Ore Mineral Mine in
Colombia -- Characterization and Thermal Behaviour of Garnets from Almandine-Pyrope Series at 1200°C -- Mössbauer Study of Magnetite Formation by Iron- and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria -- What Oxidation State of Iron Determines the
Amethyst Colour? -- Fe-Hydroxysulphates from Bacterial Fe2+ Oxidation -- Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study of a Mural Painting from Morgadal Grande, Mexico -- Quantification of Secondary Fe-Phases Formed During Sorption Experiments on
Chlorites -- Synthesis by Coprecipitation of Al-Substituted Hydroxysulphate Green Rust Fe4IIFe(2?y)IIIAlyIII(OH)12SO4, nH2O -- Mössbauer Study of Ancient Albanian Ceramics -- Variation of Some Physical Properties of Brownmillerite
Doped with a Transition Metal Oxide -- Iron-Containing Adsorbents in Great Nile Sediments -- Fe(II–III) Hydroxysalt Green Rusts from Corrosion to Mineralogy and Abiotic to Biotic Reactions by Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Identification of
Corrosion Products Due to Seawater and Fresh Water -- Atmospheric Corrosion on Steel Studied by Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Mössbauer Spectrometry as a Powerful Tool to Study Lithium Reactivity Mechanisms for Battery
Electrode Materials -- Arrangements of Interstitial Atoms in fcc Fe-C and Fe-N Solid Solutions -- A Dilute-Limit Heat of Solution of 3d Transition Metals in Iron Studied with 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Distribution of N Atoms in
the fcc Fe-N Interstitial Solid Solution -- Distribution of Mn Atoms in a Substitutional bcc-FeMn Solid Solution -- Effect of Sulfur Addition on the Redox State of Iron in Iron Phosphate Glasses -- Structural and Electronic Features of
Sb-Based Electrode Materials: 121Sb Mössbauer Spectrometry -- Study of Disordered Fe2Cr(1?x)MnxAl Alloys -- Mössbauer and X-ray Study of Fe1?xAlx, 0.2 ? x ? 0.5, Samples Produced by Mechanical Alloying -- Investigation of Steel
Surfaces Treated by a Hybrid Ion Implantation Technique -- Ferromagnetic Planar Nanocomposites -- Surface and Interface Investigations by Nuclear Resonant Scattering with Standing Waves -- Nuclear Resonant Reflectivity Investigations
of a Thin Magnetic 57Fe Layer Adjacent to a Superconducting V Layer -- CEMS Investigations of Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation Effects in Tb/Fe Multilayers -- Thermally Induced Processes of Intermetalloid Phase Formation in Laminar Systems
Fe-Sn -- DCEMS Study of Thin Oxide Layers and Interface of Stainless Steel Films Deposited by Sputtering Austenitic AISI304 -- CEMS Study on Fe Films Deposited by Laser Ablation -- The Investigation of the Magnetic Properties of
Metallic Multilayers by Angle Dependent Mössbauer Spectroscopy -- Concluding Remarks -- Author Index
ISBN:9781402028526
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402021138:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground
Author(s): Lev I Dorman
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (862 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2113-8
Contents:1. Cosmic Rays as an Object of Research and as a Research Instrument -- 1. Cosmic Rays as an Object of Research -- 2. Secondary CR Underground and in the Atmosphere -- 3. Coupling Functions, Integral Multiplicities, and Inverse
Transformations -- 4. Experimental Basis of Cosmic Ray Research -- 2. Influence of the Changing Atmosphere on Cosmic Rays (Meteorological Effects) -- 5. Theory of Cosmic Ray Meteorological Effects for Measurements in the Atmosphere and
Underground (One-Dimensional Approximation) -- 6. Experimental Investigations of Cosmic Ray Snow, Wind and Barometric Effects -- 7. Experimental Investigations of Cosmic Ray Temperature and Humidity Effects -- 8. Atmospheric Electric
Field Effects in Cosmic Rays -- 9. Development of the Theory and Methods of Determination of Cosmic Ray Variations of Atmospheric Origin -- 3. Cosmic ray Influence on the Atmosphere and Atmospheric Processes -- 10. Nuclear Reactions of
Cosmic Rays with Ground, Water, and Air Atoms Production of Cosmogenic Nuclides -- 11. Cosmic Ray Influence on Atmospheric Electric Field and Thunderstorms, Earth’s Global Charge and Global Electric Current -- 12. Air Ionization by CR,
Influence on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation -- 13. Cosmic Ray Influence on the Chemical Processes in the Atmosphere and Formation of Ozone Layer -- 14. Cosmic Ray Influence on Planetary Cloud-Covering and Long-Term Climate
Change -- 4. Applications of Cosmic Ray Research -- 15. The Possible Application of the Inverse Problem: Determination of Atmospheric Conditions by Cosmic Ray Data -- 16. Meteorological Effects Application to Cosmic Ray Latitude Survey
Data Processing -- 17. Applications of the Radiocarbon Coupling Function Method to Investigations of Planetary Mixing and Exchange Processes Influence of H-Bomb Explosions on the Environment Cosmic Ray Variations in the Past -- 18.
Potential and Realized Applications of Cosmic Ray Research in Science and Technology -- Conclusion and Problems -- References -- Object Index -- Author Index
ISBN:9781402021138
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 303
Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Atmospheric sciences , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Atmospheric Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401000765:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Techniques and Concepts of High-Energy Physics XII
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (383 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0076-5
Contents:THE STANDARD MODEL AND THE TOP QUARK -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Standard Model -- 3 Virtual Top Quark -- 4 Top Strong Interactions -- 5 Top Weak Interactions -- NEUTRINO PHYSICS -- 1 Lecture 1: Neutrino Masses -- 2 Lecture 2: Neutrino
Oscillations -- 3 Lecture 3: Solar and Atmospheric Neutrinos -- THE SUPERSYMMETRIC UNIVERSE -- 1 Getting Motivated -- 2 Simple Models -- 3 Towards Realistic Models -- 4 Phenomenology -- 5 Lepton Flavour Violation -- 6 Concluding
Remarks -- WEIGHING THE UNIVERSE -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Dark Matter -- COSMOLOGY, INFLATION AND THE PHYSICS OF NOTHING -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Resurrecting Einstein’s greatest blunder -- 3 The Cosmic Microwave Background -- 4 Inflation
-- 5 Looking for signs of quantum gravity in inflation -- 6 Conclusion -- SILICON DETECTORS -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Silicon Strip Detector Principles of Operation -- 3 Silicon Strip Detector Performance -- 4 Radiation Damage to Silicon
Devices -- 5 Silicon Sensor Fabrication -- 6 Construction of Detector Modules -- 7 Front-end Electronics -- 8 Silicon Detectors in Experiments -- 9 Other Types of Silicon Detector -- 10 Conclusions -- GASEOUS DETECTORS: THEN AND NOW --
1 Introduction and Historical Overview -- 2 Single Wire Proportional Chamber (SWPC) -- 3 Multiwire Proportional Chambers -- 4 Drift and Diffusion of Charges in Gases Under the Influence of and Electric Field -- 5 Large Volume Tracking
-- 6 Limitations in Wire Chambers and Future Perspectives -- NUCLEI AT THE BORDERLINE OF THEIR EXISTENCE -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Nuclear Shells and the Stability of Heavy Elements -- 3 Reactions of Synthesis -- 4 Strategies of
Experiments and Experimental Equipment -- 5 Experiments Devoted to the Synthesis of Superheavy Nuclei 48Ca + 244Pu Reaction -- 6 Experiments with the 248Cm-target. Synthesis of Element 116 -- 7 Even-odd Isotopes. Experiments with 238U
and 242Pu -- 8 Comparison with Theoretical Predictions 369 -- 9 Consequences and Prospects -- PARTICIPANTS
ISBN:9789401000765
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry: 123
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783709160145:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Dynamics: From Quarks to Nuclei Proceedings of the XXth CFIF Fall Workshop, Lisbon, Portugal, October 31—November 2, 2002
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (299 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-6014-5
Contents:Electroweak Prohes (I) -- Meson Exchange Currents in Quasi-Elastic Electron-Nucleus Scattering -- Parity-Violating Effects in Two- Nucleon Systems -- The Nuclear Interaction and Meson Production From Light Nucle -- N NInteraction in
Chiral Constituent Quark Models -- Near Threshold Meson Production in Nucleon-Nucleon Collisions -- The Importance of the Final-State Interaction in np ¡úÇd near Threshold -- Isospin Symmetry Breaking: Experimental Observation --
Electroweak Prohes (II) -- Relativistic Analysis of Proton-Proton Bremsstrahlung -- Relativity in Polarized Electron Scattering Observables -- Three-Nucleon Electroweak Capture Reactions -- The Nuclear Medium Under Extreme Conditions
-- Nuclear Medium Effects in Hadron Leptoproduction -- Recent Results and Prospects from the STAR Detector and RHIC -- An Estimate of the Percolation Parameter in Heavy Ion Collisions -- Constituent Quark Models and Chiral Symmetry --
Pionic Decays of Hadrons and the Coupling of Pions to Quarks -- Search for the Quark Shell Structure Using the Non-Topological Soliton Model -- Description of Baryons as Relativistic Three-Quark Systems -- Relativityand Electromagnetic
Observables -- Relativistic Theory of Few-Body Systems -- Longitudinal Response Functions for Quasielastic Electron Scattering in Relativistic Nonlinear Models -- Photo-and Electrodisintegration of Few-Body Systems Revisited --
Non-Nucleonic Degrees of Freedom -- Dynamical Model of Electroweak Pion Production Reactions -- ’t Hooft Determinant: Fluctuations and Multiple Vacua -- Does it Make Sense to Talk About a ? Isobar? -- Relativity, Chiral Symmetry, and
Form Factors of Baryons and Mesons -- Relativity, Chiral Symmetry, and the Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors -- Current Density Operators in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics -- Light-Front Time Picture of the Bethe-Salpeter Equation
-- Nuclear Structure and Binding -- Energy Spectra of9?Be -- Analysis of Light Nuclei by the AMD Method with Realistic N N Potentials -- Evidence of Tensor Correlations in the Nuclear Many-Body System Using a Modern N N Potential --
Experimental Study of Nuclear Few-Body Systems at Jefferson Lab -- Tributes to Peter Sauer -- From ? - d to ? - Tumor: Peter Sauer’s Influence as a Teacher -- From Physics to Consulting -- Celebrating Peter Sauer: an Occasion to Look
at Nuclear Physics in Perspective -- List of Participants -- Author index
ISBN:9783709160145
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Few-Body Systems: 15
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Quantum Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783642555602:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exotic Nuclei and Atomic Masses Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Exotic Nuclei and Atomic Masses ENAM 2001 Hämeenlinna, Finland, 2–7 July 2001
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (12 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55560-2
Contents:From the Contents: Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants -- Moments and Radii -- Nuclear Astrophysics -- Forms of Radioactivity -- Direct Reactions and Nuclear Spectroscopy -- Nuclei at the Drip Lines -- Cluster Phenomena -- Nuclear
Structure and Shapes -- Fission and Heaviest Elements -- Fundamental Symmetries and Interactions -- Traps for Radioactive Isotopes -- Experimental Developments and Applications -- Closing Session
ISBN:9783642555602
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9781461501817:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lecture Notes on Principles of Plasma Processing
Author(s): Francis F Chen
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (208 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-0181-7
Contents:Al: Introduction to Plasma Science -- I. What is a plasma? -- II. Plasma fundamentals -- A2: Introduction to Gas Discharges -- III. Gas discharge fundamentals -- A3: Plasma Sources I -- IV. Introduction to plasma sources -- A4: Plasma
Sources II -- V. RIE discharges -- A5: Plasma Sources III -- VI. ECR sources -- VII. Inductively coupled plasmas (ICPs) -- A6: Plasma Sources IV -- VIII. Helicon wave sources and HDPs -- IX. Discharge equilibrium -- A7: Plasma
Diagnostics -- X. Introduction -- XI. Remote diagnostics -- XII. Langmuir probes -- XIII. Other local diagnostics -- Bl: Overview of Plasma Processing in Microelectronics Fabrication -- I. Plasma processing -- II. Applications in
Microelectronics -- B2: Kinetic Theory and Collisions -- I. Kinetic theory -- II. Practical gas kinetic models and macroscopic properties -- III. Collision dynamics -- B3: Atomic Collisions and Spectra -- I. Atomic energy levels -- II.
Atomic collisions -- III. Elastic collisions -- IV. Inelastic collisions -- B4: Molecular Collisions and Spectra -- I. Molecular energy levels -- II. Selection rule for optical emission of molecules -- III. Electron collisions with
molecules -- IV. Heavy particle collisions -- V. Gas phase kinetics -- B5: Plasma Diagnostics -- I. Optical emission spectroscopy -- II. Laser induced fluorescence -- III. Laser interferometry -- IV. Full-wafer interferometry -- V.
Mass spectrometry -- B6: Plasma Surface Kinetics -- I. Plasma chemistry -- II. Surface reactions -- III. Loading -- IV. Selectivity -- V. Detailed reaction modeling -- B7: Feature Evolution and Modeling -- I. Fundamentals of feature
evolution in plasma etching -- II. Predictive modeling -- III. Mechanisms of profile evolution -- IV. Profile simulation -- V. Plasma damage -- Epilogue: Current Problems in Semiconductor Processing -- I. Front-end challenges -- 1.
High-k dielectrics -- 2. Metal gates -- II. Back-end challenges -- 1. Copper metalllization -- 2. Interlayer dielectrics (ILDs) -- 3. Barrier materials -- III. Patterning nanometer features -- 1. E-beam -- 2. Resist trimming -- IV.
Deep reactive etch for MEMS -- V. Plasma-induced damage -- VI. Species control in plasma reactors
ISBN:9781461501817
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Optical and Electronic Materials , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662047071:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Chromodynamics
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Date:2002
Edition:Second Revised and Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (551 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04707-1
Contents:1. The Introduction of Quarks -- 2. Review of Relativistic Field Theory -- 3. Scattering Reactions and the Internal Structure of Baryons -- 4. Gauge Theories and Quantum-Chromodynamics -- 5. Perturbative QCD I: Deep Inelastic
Scattering -- 6. Perturbative QCD II: The Drell—Yan Process and Small-x Physics -- 7. Nonperturbative QCD -- 8. Phenomenological Models for Nonperturbative QCD Problems -- C Some Useful Integrals
ISBN:9783662047071
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Nuclear physics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9780306470943:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Confluence of Cosmology, Massive Neutrinos, Elementary Particles, and Gravitation
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (246 p.)
Note:10.1007/b115171
Contents:Neutrino Physics -- On the Mass of the Neutrino -- The Two Gravitating Massive Neutrino Pairs -- The Current Status of LIGO -- Solar Neutrinos: An Overview -- Three-Neutrino Vacuum Oscillation Solutions to the Solar and Atmospheric
Anomalies -- Are There Four or More Neutrinos? -- Neutrino Reactions in Nuclei and Neutrino Backgrounds -- Recent Progress on New and Old Ideas -- Is the Cosmological Constant Non-Zero? -- Chern-Simons Violation of Lorentz and PTC
Symmetries in Electrodynamics -- Spin-Dependent Forces Between Quarks in Hadrons -- Super Kamionkande Data on Proton Lifetime and Supergravity Models -- Direct Detection of Dark Matter and Grand Unification -- Breaking Lorentz Symmetry
in Quantum Field Theory -- Spin and Statistics -- Spin Structure with Lepton Beams -- Spin and Statistics for Quantum Hall Quasi-Particles -- On the Correspondence Between Strongly Coupled QED2 and QCD2 with Antiferromagnetic Spin
Chains -- Small Violations of Statistics -- Strings -- Quantized Membranes -- Supersymmetric Wilson Loops and Super Non-Abelian Stokes Theorem -- Type IIB String Theory on AdS3×S3×T4 -- From Threebranes to Large N Gauge Theories
ISBN:9780306470943
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atoms , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783662077917:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (536 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-07791-7
Contents:Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses -- Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses -- Autobiographical Essays and Interviews -- A Physicist Looks at the Soul -- The Scientist and Society -- Changes in
Physics During My Time in Princeton and Plans for the Future in Retirement -- A Conversation with Eugene Wigner by J. Walsh -- (in Honor of Marcos Moshinsky) -- Recollections and Expectations -- An Interview with Eugene Paul. Wigner by
I. Kardos -- The Citation: Eugene Paul Wigner -- Response to Citation by James R. Killian Jr. -- Biographical Sketches -- Enrico Fermi -- New Editor of “Reviews of Modern Physics”: E. U. Condon -- The Scientific Work of John von
Neumann -- John von Neumann -- Biographical Notice of Maria Goeppert Mayer -- An Appreciation on the 60th Birthday of Edward Teller -- Leo Szilard -- Obituary: Maria Goeppert Mayer -- Obituary: Werner K. Heisenberg -- Obituary: Michael
Polanyi -- Michael Polanyi -- Obituary: Eugene Feenberg -- The Wigner Medal: A Tribute to Valentine Bargmann -- Concluding Remarks -- Einstein — A Memoir -- Erinnerungen an Albert Einstein -- Thirty Years of Knowing Einstein --
Biography of John von Neumann -- Celebration of the 80th Year of Paul Harteck -- Address Delivered to the Memorial Meeting [for Paul Dirac] in Tallahassee -- New Light on Einstein Letter -- Remembering Paul Dirac -- Science -- Roots of
the Atomic Age -- On the Fermi, ?-Disintegration Theory -- The Role of Mathematical Methods in Physical Theories -- The International Oxford Conference on Nuclear Physics -- Convocation Address at the University of Alberta -- Pure and
Applied Nuclear Physics in East and West -- Conference on Invariance Mexico City, July 20–August 30, 1959 -- Review of the Second Gatlinburg Conference on Reactions Between Complex Nuclei -- Union of the German Physical Societies:
Report of Annual Meeting -- The Scientist: His Increased Responsibilities -- Fermi Award: AEC Honors Teller for Contributions to Nuclear Science -- Science: The New Particles and Their Radiations -- The Impact of Success on Science --
The Roles of Primitive Knowledge, of Language, and of Mathematics in the Physicsal Sciences -- E. P. Wigner’s Comments at the Roundtable Discussion at the Conference on Nuclear Cross Sections and Technology -- The Unity of Science --
The Unity of Science: Closing Summary -- The Scope and Promise of Science -- Methods -- Mathematical Physics -- The Physical Sciences -- The Physical Sciences: Committee Chairman’s Summary -- The Future Vocation of Science -- The
Future of Science — What One Can Hope For -- The Neutron: The Impact of Its Discovery and Its Uses -- On Science and Its Evolution -- Reflections on the Role and Purpose of Science -- The Miracle of Science -- Science, Its Future and
Purpose -- Science and Society -- Reflections on the Atomic Bomb -- Science in Two Worlds: Its Accomplishments and Aims -- Ethics in the Relationship Between Science and Society -- Science and Society -- Science and Technology for
Affluence and Satisfaction -- Book Reviews -- Review of “Kinematic Relativity: A Sequel to Relativity, Gravitation, and World Structure” -- Review of “Theoretical Nuclear Physics” -- Review of “Handbuch der Physik, Vol. 1: Mathematical
Methods” -- Review of “Proceedings of the Rehovoth Conference on Nuclear Structure” -- Review of “Elements de Physique Nucléaire” -- Review of “Fast Reactor Cross Sections” -- Review of “American Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Polic y”
-- Review of “The Inspiration of Science” -- Review of “Nuclear Shell Theory” -- Review of “The Quantum Theory of Fields. Proceedings of the 1961 Solvay Conference” -- Review of “Internal Factors in Evolution” -- Review of “Theory of
Groups in Classical and Quantum Physics, Vol. I: Mathematical Structures and the Foundations of Quantum Theory” -- Review of “Of Molecules and Men” -- Review of “The Role of Mathematics in the Rise of Science” -- Review of “Nuclear War
and Nuclear Peace” -- Review of “Formulas and Theorems for the Special Functions of Mathematical Physics” -- Review of “Random Matrices and the Statistical Theory of Energy Levels” -- Review of “Reflections on Big Science” -- Review of
“Relaxation in Shock Waves” -- Review of “Annual Review of Nuclear Science” -- Review of “Symmetry Discovered: Concepts and Applications in Nature and Science” -- Review of “The Advisors — Oppenheimer, Teller, and the Superbomb” --
Review of “Albert Einsein, The Human Side: New Glimpses from His Archives” -- Review of “A Perspective of Physics”
ISBN:9783662077917
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers : B / 7
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Mathematics , Philology , Linguistics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Language and Literature , Physics, general , Philosophy, general , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783642568008:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Molecular Beams The State of the Art 2000
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (999 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56800-8
Contents:Introductory Perspectives -- I Laser Cooling and Manipulation of Atoms and Molecules — Atomic and Molecular Optics and Applications -- II Translational and Internal Energy Relaxation in Supersonic Free Jets, Including Possible
Alignment and Condensation Phenomena -- III Photodissociation Dynamics and Electronic Spectroscopy in Molecular Beams: From Simple Molecules to Clusters and Ions -- IV Dynamics of Elementary Molecular Collisions and Femtochemistry:
Theory, Real-Time Probing, and Imaging of Crossed-Beam Reactions -- V Clusters and Nanoparticles: Diffraction, Size Selection, Polarizability, and Fragmentation by Photodissociation, Electron Impact, and Atom Collision -- VI
Spectroscopy and Reaction Dynamics of Molecules Isolated, Cooled (or Conditioned), by Techniques of Molecule, Cluster, Droplets, or Liquid Beams -- VII Interactions of Molecular Beams and Cluster Beams with Surfaces, and Applications
-- Looking Ahead -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642568008
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783540446200:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Advanced Course in Modern Nuclear Physics
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (350 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-44620-6
Contents:The theory of the nucleon-nucleon interaction -- The atomic nucleus observed with electromagnetic probes -- The nuclear shell model -- The nuclear collective motion -- The interacting boson model -- The limits of the mean field -- The
microscopic treatment of the nuclear system -- Semi-classical methods in nuclear physics -- Scattering and reactions of halo nuclei -- Nuclear physics away from the valley of stability -- Structure of vacuum and elementary matter: from
superheavies via hypermatter to antimatter
ISBN:9783540446200
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 581
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Particle acceleration , Nuclear fusion , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Fusion , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9780387216218:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Little Book of Stars
Author(s): James B Kaler
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (184 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-0-387-21621-8
Contents:Stars: Beginnings. Defining a star. Chemical composition. Age. Gravitational compression. Nuclear reactions -- Collections: Distances and luminosities. Doubles, multiples, and masses. Clusters. Our Galaxy. Other galaxies. The universe
of galaxies -- Kinds: The Sun. Spectra and classes. The HR diagram. Dwarfs and giants. Supergiants. White dwarfs -- Parade: The night sky. Constellations. Naming the stars. Your fortune please. Timekeepers. The navigator -- Bazaar:
Variable stars. Pitch and catch. Strange. chemistries. Planetary nebulae. Supernovae. Neutron stars -- Linkages: Main sequence evolution. Growth. Transformation. Cataclysm. Darkness -- Dawn: Nebulae. Building blocks. Collapse. Birth.
Disks and planets. Looking outward
ISBN:9780387216218
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9780306471162:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Role of Neutrinos, Strings, Gravity, and Variable Cosmological Constant in Elementary Particle Physics
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (261 p.)
Note:10.1007/b114707
Contents:The Cosmological Constant is not Really a Constant -- Recent Developments in Gravitational Theory and an Intrinsic Cosmological Parameter -- Quintessence and Cosmic Microwave Background -- Cosmic Acceleration and a Natural Solution to
the Cosmological Constant Problem -- Beyond the Standard Model -- Spontaneous Violation of Lorentz and CPT Symmetry -- Topics in Lorentz and CPT Violation -- Dark Matter Caustics -- Manifest Supersymmetry and Background Ramond FLux --
Neutrino Physics and Cosmology -- Supernova II Neutrino Bursts and Neutrino Massive Mixing -- A Neutrino Component of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays? -- Probing the Nature of Neutrinos at Pion Factories -- Inclusive Neutrino and
Antineutrino Reactions in Iron and an Interesting Relation -- Nature’s Highest Energy Particle Accelerators -- Nature’s Highest Energy Particle Accelerators -- The Origin of all Cosmic Rays: A Space-Filling Mechanism -- Primordial
Black Holes and the Asymmetrical Distribution of Short GRB Events -- Exploring the Extreme Universe with the Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope -- The Latest Developments in High Energy Physics and Cosmology -- Comments on
Supersymmetry Extra Dimensions and the Accelerating Universe -- Field Theory Correlators and String Theory -- A Microscopic Basis for the Entropy of AdS3 Black Hole -- CP-Violation in B—Decays Status and Prospects of $$ \bar B $$ --
New Experiment on Spinning Protons’ Violent Collisions -- The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics
ISBN:9780306471162
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783709162873:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Few-Body Problems in Physics ’99 Proceedings of the 1st Asian-Pacific Conference, Tokyo, Japan, August 23–28, 1999
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (537 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-6287-3
Contents:Antiprotonic Helium — A Window into the Antiworld -- Effective Linear Two-Body Method for Many-Body Problems in Atomic and Nuclear Physics -- First Principles Description of Shell Structure in Metal Clusters -- Resonances in Three-
and Four-Body Atomic Systems Involving Electrons and Positrons -- Antiprotonic Helium ”Atomcule”: Relativistic and QED Effects -- High-Precision Calculation of Antiprotonic Helium Atomcules and Antiproton Mass -- Coupling of Two- and
Three-Particle Channels in Slow Antiproton - Atom Collisions -- Few-Body States in Fermi-Systems and Condensation Phenomena -- Ab initio Study of Clusters and Nanotubes in Electric fields -- The Multidimensional Angular Coulomb
Function Method in Atomic and Molecular Physics -- Excited States of Positronium Molecule -- Proton-Hydrogen Charge Exchange and Elastic Scattering in the Faddeev Approach -- Impact of A Few Body Reactions on Explosive Nucleosynthesis:
Big-Bang and Supernovae -- Coulomb Dissociation of Unstable Nuclei — An Application of Breakup Process to Astrophysics— -- Crucial Nuclear Reactions of Light Nuclei in Astrophysics -- Measurements of Radiative Capture Reaction by
Recoil Detection in Inverse Kinematics -- Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients and Astrophysical Factors -- Superfluidity of ?-, ??-, ??-Hyperons in Neutron Star Cores -- Measurement of the 8Li(?, n)11B Reaction with the
Multiple-Sampling and Tracking Proportional Chamber (MSTPC) for Astrophysical Interest -- Complex Scaling Methods for the Study of Light Unstable Nuclei -- Novel Features of Unstable Nuclei Studied with AMD -- Gambling in Physics—The
Stochastic Variational Method: Recent Applications— -- Microscopic Coupled-Channel Study of 12C+12C Resonance Reactions -- Continuum Level Density in the Microscopic Cluster Model -- Structures of Be Nuclei by a New Molecular Orbital
Approach -- Analyses of Resonances by Using the Complex Scaling Method -- Measurement of Deuteron Elastic Scattering at Ed = 270 MeV and a Comparison with Sudden Approximation -- Chiral SU(3) Quark Model and Dibaryon (??)J?=0+ --
Baryon Structure and the Chiral Symmetry of QCD -- Effective Theory Approach to Two-Nucleon Systems -- Charge Symmetry Breaking in Inelastic Nucleon-Nucleon Scattering -- Exchange Terms in the Quark-Meson Coupling Model -- Structure of
the Nucleon based on a Relativistic 3-Body Approach to the NJL Model -- Effects of Coupling with Nucleon Resonances on N N Interaction -- The Interaction between H-Dibaryons and the Property of H-Dibaryon Matter -- Analysis of Axially
Symmetric B = 2 Solution in the Chiral Quark Soliton Model -- Roles of Quark-Pair Correlations in Baryon Structure and Non-Leptonic Weak Transitions of Hyperon -- Spectroscopy and Liftime of Mesons with Bottom and Charm Quarks --
Implementing PCAC in Nonperturbative Models of Pion Production -- Electron-Deuteron Scattering in a Three-Dimensional Relativistic Framework -- A Free-of-Ambiguity Electromagnetic Current for the Deuteron within the Front-Form
Hamiltonian Dynamics -- New Data on Ayy in Deuteron Inclusive Breakup at Large Transverse Momenta and Relativistic Description of the Deuteron at Short Distances -- Relativistic Multichannel Scattering Theory with Particle Creation --
Spin Observables for Electromagnetic Nuclear Physics with Few-Body Systems -- Precise Measurement of the Transverse Asymmetry in Quasielastic 3He(e,e?1) and the Neutron Magnetic Form Factor -- The Off-Shell Nucleon-Nucleon Amplitude:
Why it is Immeasurable in Nucleon-Nucleon Bremsstrahlung -- Probing Few-Body Systems with Bremsstrahlung -- Radiative Muon Capture on 3He -- Measurements of Q2 Evolution of the GDH Sum Rule and the Spin Structure of the 3He and the
Neutron -- Threshold Contribution to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn Sum Rule in 3He -- Measurement of Proton-Proton Bremsstrahlung at 389 MeV -- The ?*N ? ? Transition Form Factors -- Measurement of Elastic Electron-Deuteron Scattering at
Large Momentum Transfers -- The Nucleon-Nucleon and Hyperon-Nucleon Interactions in the Quark Model -- The Soft-Core Nijmegen Hyperon-Nucleon and Hyperon-Hyperon Interactions -- Coupled ?N ? ?N and ?NN ? ?NN Systems and Hyperon-Nucleon
Interactions -- ??d ? n?? as a Constraint on the ?? Amplitude ! -- The Weak Decay of S Shell Hypernuclei and the ?I=1/2 Rule -- High-Resolution Gamma-Spectroscopy of ?7Li and ?9Be -- Four-Body Calculation of ?4H and ?4He with ?N ? ?N
Conversion -- ?-Neutron Scattering Lengths -- Study of Doubly Strangeness Nuclear System with Cylindrical Detector System -- Light S= ?2 Nuclei and Hyperon Mixing -- ?-? Interferometry in (K? ,K+) Reactions at P(K?) = 1.8 GeV/c -- The
?N, ?? and ?N Attractions in the Intermediate Force Range —Ehime Approach to YN and YY Forces— -- 4He(K?,??) Spectra and the?4 He Bound State -- Neutron Rich Lambda Hypernuclei -- Final State Interaction in Kaon Photoproduction from
the Deuteron -- Quark Pauli Principle in ?-Hypernuclear Systems -- An SU(3) Symmetric OBEP with Gaussian Core between Octet Baryons -- Scattering Observables of the YN Interaction in the SU6 Quark Model -- Precise Measurement of dp
Scattering at 270 MeV -- Nucleon-Deuteron Scattering with ?-Isobar Excitation -- Some Highlights of NN and 3N Studies at TUNL -- Expectations in Systematic 3N Experiments -- Three-Nucleon Scattering: New Physical Insights and
Applications -- A Practical Method for Relativistic 3N-Scattering Calculations with Realistic Potentials -- Solutions of Faddeev-Yakubovsky Equations in Configuration Space for the 4N Scattering States -- Use of Realistic N-N
Interactions to Calculate 4N Scattering Observables -- Recent High-Accuracy Measurements of the 1So Neutron-Neutron Scattering Length -- Phase-Shift Analysis of Elastic pp Scattering at High Energies and Catastrophic Energy-Dependence
of Spin-Orbit Interaction -- Helicity Formalism for NN Scattering without Partial Wave Decomposition -- The np ? d(??)0 Reaction with the ?-Model and ?? Model -- Pion Production Mechanism in Nucleon-Nucleon Collisions -- Measurement of
Cross Sections and Vector and Tensor Analyzing Powers for d - p Elastic Scattering at Ed = 270 MeV -- Nucleon-Deuteron Break-Up Scattering with ?-Isobar Excitation -- Effect of ?-Isobar Excitation on Spin-Dependent Observables of
Elastic Nucleon-Deuteron Scattering -- Phase-Shift Analyses of p-3He Scattering at Low Energies -- Studies of 2H(d,p)3H Reaction at Ed = 30 keV by Four-Body Faddeev-Yakubovsky Equation -- 3He(d,p)4He Reaction at Intermediate Energies
-- Analysis of the 3He(d,p)4He Reaction at Elab =270 MeV Summary -- Concluding Remarks -- List of Participants -- List of Authors
ISBN:9783709162873
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Few-Body Systems, Supplement 12: 12
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Space sciences , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Nuclear fusion , Atoms , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Nuclear Fusion , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401145565:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Matter in Different Phases and Transitions Proceedings of the Workshop Nuclear Matter in Different Phases and Transitions, March 31–April 10, 1998, Les Houches, France
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (532 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4556-5
Contents:Section I Thermal and chemical equilibrium -- Probing thermalizing nuclear matter with hard photons -- Hadron multiplicities in high energy e+e?, p?p and pp collisions with a statistical - thermal model -- Phase transitions without
thermodynamic limit -- The role of statistics and thermodynamics in nuclear multifragmentation -- Hydrodynamic description of very high energy heavy ion collisions -- Section II Non-equilibrium dynamics -- Hadronic transport model with
a phase transition -- Baryon transport dynamics : from p — p to Pb — Pb collisions -- Semihard interactions in nuclear collisions based on a unified approach to high energy scattering -- Dynamics of the chiral phase transition --
Filamentation instability in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions -- Section III Phase transitions and the critical behaviour -- Critical behaviour in finite temperature QCD -- Chaos as a signature of quark — hadron phase transition
-- Universality of the off-equilibrium critical fragmentation -- Bose-Einstein condensation in trapped atomic gases -- Thermodynamics and cluster content of finite excited systems of classical particles with short and long range
interactions -- Percolation approach to the liquid gas phase transition — Isospin degree of freedom -- Critical phenomena in finite systems -- Deuteron versus ?-particle condensation and precritical pair fluctuations in low density
nuclear matter -- Section IV Hadronic matter and the quark — gluon plasma -- QCD phases at high density and instantons -- Colour deconfinement in high energy collisions -- The phase transition between the quark-gluon plasma and the
hadronic matter : What can we learn from vector mesons? -- Quark gluon plasma in A + A collisions at CERN SPS -- Chemical equilibrium in ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions -- Flow phenomena as possible signals of the QCD phase
transition -- Quark-hadron interactions in nuclear matter : Deconfinement signal -- Constraining a simple hadronization model of relativistic heavy-ion collisions using hadronic observables -- Probing chiral symmetry restoration with
heavy ions -- Low mass dilepton production at the CERN SPS -- Strangeness and in-medium effects in heavy-ion collisions at SIS energies -- Bose-Einstein condensation in multipion systems -- Determination of emission times using two
particle correlation -- Section V Multifragmentation, liquid — gas phase transition -- Boltzmann — Langevin approaches -- Liquid-gas phase transition in finite nuclei within fermionic molecular dynamics -- Multifragmentation — a
dynamical or a statistical process? -- Multifragmentation in heavy ion reactions : Dynamical effects and thermalization -- The caloric curve of hot nuclei -- Critical behavior in nuclear multifragmentation : A determination of critical
exponents and the scaling function -- Light particle probes of the dynamical evolution of multifragmentation reactions -- Cluster-cluster collisions : Fusion, phase transition and fragmentation phenomena -- On microscopic insights into
metal cluster fragmentation -- List of participants
ISBN:9789401145565
Series:eBooks
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Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 95
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Condensed matter , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Condensed Matter Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
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