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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/25211.39 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword physical geography ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319446066:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Complex Systems Society, Ecology, and Nonlinear Dynamics
Author(s): Paul Fieguth
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 346 p. 243 illus., 178 illus. in color p.)
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Global Warming and Climate Change -- Further Reading -- 3 Systems Theory -- 3.1 Systems & Boundaries -- 3.2 Systems & Thermodynamics.-3.3 Systems of Systems -- Case Study 3: Nutrient Flows, Irrigation, and
Desertification -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 4 Dynamic Systems -- 4.1 System State -- 4.2 Randomness -- 4.3 Analysis -- 4.3.1 Correlation -- 4.3.2 Stationarity -- 4.3.3 Transformations -- Case Study 4: Water Levels of the
Oceans and Great Lakes -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 5 Linear Systems -- 5.1 Linearity -- 5.2 Modes -- 5.3 System Coupling -- 5.4 Dynamics -- 5.5 Non-Normal Systems -- Case Study 5: System Decoupling -- Further Reading --
Sample Problems -- 6 Nonlinear Dynamic Systems – Uncoupled -- 6.1 Simple Dynamics -- 6.2 Bifurcations -- 6.3 Hysteresis and Catastrophes -- 6.4 System Behaviour near Folds -- 6.5 Overview -- Case Study 6: Climate and Hysteresis --
Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 7 Nonlinear Dynamic Systems – Coupled.-7.1 Linearization -- 7.2 2D Nonlinear Systems -- 7.3 Limit Cycles and Bifurcations -- Case Study 7: Geysers, Earthquakes, and Limit Cycles -- Further Reading
-- Sample Problems -- 8 Spatial Systems -- 8.1 PDEs -- 8.2 PDEs & Earth Systems -- 8.3 Discretization -- 8.4 Spatial Continuous-State Models -- 8.5 Spatial Discrete-State Models -- 8.6 Agent Models -- Case Study 8: Global circulation
models -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 9 Power Laws and Non-Gaussian Systems -- 9.1 The Gaussian Distribution 9.2 The Exponential Distribution -- 9.3 Heavy Tailed Distributions -- 9.4 Sources of Power Laws -- 9.5 Synthesis and
Analysis of Power Laws -- Case Study 9: Power Laws in Social Systems -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 10 Complex Systems -- 10.1 Spatial Nonlinear Models -- 10.2 Self-Organized Criticality -- 10.3 Emergence -- 10.4 Complex
Systems of Systems -- Case Study 10: Complex Systems in Nature -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 11 Observation & Inference -- 11.1 Forward Models -- 11.2 Remote Measurement -- 11.3 Resolution.-11.4 Inverse Problems -- Case
Study 11A: Sensing— Synthetic Aperture Radar -- Case Study 11B: Inversion— Atmospheric Temperature -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 12 Water.-12.1 Ocean Acidification -- 12.2 Ocean Garbage -- 12.3 Groundwater -- Case Study 12:
Satellite Remote Sensing of the Ocean -- Further Reading -- Sample Problems -- 13 Concluding Thoughts -- Further Reading -- Part I Appendices -- Index
ISBN:9783319446066
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , System theory , Complexity, Computational , Climate change , Game theory , Physics , Complex Systems , Complexity , Complex Systems , Earth System Sciences , Climate Change , Game Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662490785:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Boundaries of a Complex World
Author(s): Andrei Ludu
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (112 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-49078-5
Contents:Part I Arts and Nonlinear Systems: `Nonlineart' -- Part II Mathematical Language -- Part III Applications -- Conclusions -- References
ISBN:9783662490785
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , Systems biology , Ecology , System theory , Statistical physics , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Complex Systems , Complexity , Systems Biology , Theoretical Ecology/Statistics , Earth System Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662484104:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos Detection and Predictability
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (44 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48410-4
Contents:Estimating Lyapunov exponents from time series -- Theory and applications of the fast Lyapunov Indicator (FLI) method -- Theory and applications of the Orthogonal Fast Lyapunov Indicator (OFLI and OFLI2) methods -- Theory and
applications of the Mean Exponential Growth factor of Nearby Orbits (MEGNO) method -- The Smaller (SALI) and the Generalized (GALI) Alignment Indices: Efficient Methods of Chaos Detection -- The Relative Lyapunov Indicators: Theory and
Application to Dynamical Astronomy -- The 0-1 Test for Chaos: A review
ISBN:9783662484104
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 915
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , Mathematical physics , Space sciences , Statistical physics , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Earth System Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642415302:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles [electronic resource] : Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas
Author(s): Juan G Roederer
Hui Zhang
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a new edition of Roederers classic Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, updated and considerably expanded. The main objective is to describe the dynamic properties of magnetically trapped particles inplanetary radiation belts a nd plasmas and explain the physical processes involved from the theoretical point of view. The approach is to examine in detail the orbital and adiabatic motion of individual particles in typicalconfigurations of magnetic and electric fields in the magnet osphere and, from there, derive basic features of the particles collective macroscopic behavior in general planetary environments. Emphasis is not on the whatbut on the why of particle phenomena in near-earth space, providing a solid and clear understandi ng of the principal basic physical mechanisms and dynamic processes involved. The book will also serve as an introduction to generalspace plasma physics, with abundant basic examples to illustrate and explain the physical origin of different types of plas ma current systems and their self-organizing character via the magnetic field. The ultimate aim is to help bothgraduate students and interested scientists to successfully face the theoretical and experimental challenges lying ahead in space physics in vie w of recent and upcoming satellite missions and an expected wealth of data on radiationbelts and plasmas
Contents:Particle Drifts and the First Adiabatic Invariant
Particle Trapping, Drift Shells and the Second Adiabatic Invariant
Periodic Drift Motion and the Third Adiabatic Invariant
Trapped Particle Distributions and Flux Mapping
Violation of the Adiabatic Invariants and Trapped Particle Diffusion
Introduction to Plasma Physics
ISBN:9783642415302
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v403
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642414251:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Model of Spontaneous Potential Well-Logging and Its Numerical Solutions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Tatsien Li
Yongji Tan
Zhijie Cai
Wei Chen
Jingnong Wang
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Spontaneous potential (SP) well-logging is one of the most common and useful well-logging techniques in petroleum exploitation. This monograph is the first of its kind on the mathematical model of spontaneous potentialwell-logging and its numerical s olutions. The mathematical model established in this book shows the necessity of introducing Sobolev spaces with fractional power, which seriously increases the difficulty of proving the well-posednessand proposing numerical solution schemes. In this book , in the axi-symmetric situation the well-posedness of the corresponding mathematical model is proved and three efficient schemes of numerical solution are proposed, supported by anumber of numerical examples to meet practical computation needs
Contents:Preface
Modeling
Properties of solutions
Limiting behavior
Techniques of solution
Numerical simulation
Bibliography
ISBN:9783642414251
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642395413:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Five Decades of Tackling Models for Stiff Fluid Dynamics Problems [electronic resource] : A Scientific Autobiography
Author(s): Radyadour Kh Zeytounian
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Rationality - as opposed to 'ad-hoc' - and asymptotics - to emphasize the fact that perturbative methods are at the core of the theory - are the two main concepts associated with the Rational Asymptotic Modeling (RAM) approach influid dynamics when t he goal is to specifically provide useful models accessible to numerical simulation via high-speed computing. This approach has contributed to a fresh understanding of Newtonian fluid flow problems and has openedup new avenues for tackling real fluid flow phenomena, which are known to lead to very difficult mathematical and numerical problems irrespective of turbulence. With the present scientific autobiography the author guides the readerthrough his somewhat non-traditional career first discovering fluid mechanics, and then devoting more than fifty years to intense work in the field. Using both personal and general historical contexts, this account will be of benefitto anyone interested in the early and contemporary developments of an important branch of theoretical and computational fluid mechanics
Contents:Introduction
Ten Years in Armenia
The Moscow Period With I.A. Kibel
My French Scientific Career up to 2012
The Interrelationship Between NSF Equations and our RAM Approach
Retrospective Summary
Bibliography
ISBN:9783642395413
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642322204:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mssbauer Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Tutorial Book
Author(s): Yutaka Yoshida
Guido Langouche
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Tutorials on Mssbauer Spectroscopy Since the discovery of the Mssbauer Effect many excellent books have been published for researchers and for doctoral and master level students. However, there appears to be no textbookavailable for final year bachel or students, nor for people working in industry who have received only basic courses in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, chemistry and materials science. The challenge of thisbook is to give an introduction to Mssbauer Spectroscop y for this level. The ultimate goal of this book is to give this audience not only a scientific introduction to the technique, but also to demonstrate in an attractive way thepower of Mssbauer Spectroscopy in many fields of science, in order to create int erest among the readers in joining the community of Mssbauer spectroscopists. This is particularly important at times where in many Mssbauerlaboratories succession is at stake
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Introduction to Mssbauer Spectroscopy (S. Nasu)
Chemical Applications of Mssbauer Spectroscopy (P. Gtlich and Y. Garcia)
Application of Mssbauer Spectroscopy in Earth Sciences (R. E. Vandenberghe)
Fe
based Nanostructures Investigated by Mssbauer Spectrometry (J
M. Greneche)
Magnetic Multilayers and Interfaces (T. Shinjo and K. Mibu)
Implantation Techniques to Extract Atomistic Information in Materials Resesarch (G. Langouche and Y. Yoshida)
ISBN:9783642322204
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Physical geography , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642302268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space-Time Reference Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Soffel
Ralf Langhans
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The high accuracy of modern astronomical spatial-temporal reference systems has made them considerably complex. This book offers a comprehensive overview of such systems. It begins with a discussion of The Problem of Time,including recent development s in the art of clock making (e.g., optical clocks) and various time scales. The authors address the definitions and realization of spatial coordinates by reference to remote celestial objects such asquasars. After an extensive treatment of classical equi nox-based coordinates, new paradigms for setting up a celestial reference system are introduced that no longer refer to the translational and rotational motion of the Earth. Therole of relativity in the definition and realization of such systems is clarif ied. The topics presented in this book are complemented by exercises (with solutions). The authors offer a series of files, written in Maple, a standardcomputer algebra system, to help readers get a feel for the various models and orders of magnitude. Bey ond astrometry, the main fields of application of high-precision astronomical spatial-temporal reference systems and frames arenavigation (GPS, interplanetary spacecraft navigation) and global geodynamics, which provide a high-precision Celestial Referenc e System and its link to any terrestrial spatial-temporal reference system. Mankinds urgentenvironmental questions can only be answered in the context of appropriate reference systems in which both aspects, space and time, are realized with a sufficiently high level of accuracy. This book addresses all those interested inhigh-precision reference systems and the various techniques (GPS, Very Long Baseline Interferometry, Satellite Laser Ranging, Lunar Laser Ranging) necessary for their realization, includi ng the production and dissemination of timesignals.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Symbols
Preface
1 Introduction
2 Time
3 Space
Time
4 Barycentric Dynamical Reference System
5 Classical Astronomical Coordinates
6 Astrometry
7 Celestial Reference System
8 Terrestrial Reference System
9 From the GCRS to the ITRS
10 Astronomical Software Yearbooks
11 Astronomical constants
References
List of acronyms
Appendix A: Solutions to Exercises
Appendix B: Description of the AstroRef Package
Index 304
ISBN:9783642302268
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034805636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Special Functions of Mathematical (Geo-)Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Willi Freeden
Martin Gutting
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Special functions enable us to formulate a scientific problem by reduction such that a new, more concrete problem can be attacked within a well-structured framework, usually in the context of differential equations. A goodunderstanding of special fun ctions provides the capacity to recognize the causality between the abstractness of the mathematical concept and both the impact on and cross-sectional importance to the scientific reality. The specialfunctions to be discussed in this monograph vary great ly, depending on the measurement parameters examined (gravitation, electric and magnetic fields, deformation, climate observables, fluid flow, etc.) and on the respective fieldcharacteristic (potential field, diffusion field, wave field). The differential equation under consideration determines the type of special functions that are needed in the desired reduction process. Each chapter closes with exercisesthat reflect significant topics, mostly in computational applications. As a result, readers are not only directly confronted with the specific contents of each chapter, but also with additional knowledge on mathematical fields ofresearch, where special functions are essential to application. All in all, the book is an equally valuable resource for educa tion in geomathematics and the study of applied and harmonic analysis. Students who wish to continue withfurther studies should consult the literature given as supplements for each topic covered in the exercises
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction: Geomathematical Motivation
Part I: Auxiliary Functions
2 The Gamma Function
3 Orthogonal Polynomials
Part II: Spherically Oriented Functions
4 Scalar Spherical Harmonics in R^3
5 Vectorial Spherical Harmonics in R^3
6 Spherical Harmonics in R^q
7 Classical Bessel Functions
8 Bessel Functions in R^q
Part III: Periodically Oriented Functions
9 Lattice Functions in R
10 Lattice Functions in R^q
11 Concluding Remarks
References
Index
ISBN:9783034805636
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography , Meteorology , Harmonic analysis , Differential equations, partial , Functions, special
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476184:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roger S Bivand
Edzer Pebesma
Virgilio Gmez-Rubio
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, Second Edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to accessand visualise spatia l data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second partshowcases more specialised kinds of spatial d ata analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges fromstandard techniques to new developments, and the examples used ar e largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additionaldata sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edit ion covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that haveappeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to hand le, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who areinterested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatialdata, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. Thebook has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-boo
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface 2nd edition
Preface 1st edition
Hello World: Introducing Spatial Data
Classes for Spatial Data in R
Visualising Spatial Data
Spatial Data Import and Export
Further Methods for Handling Spatial Data
Classes for spatio
temporal Data
Spatial Point Pattern Analysis
Interpolation and Geostatistics
Modelling Areal Data
Disease Mapping
ISBN:9781461476184
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R! : v10
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461474340:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Challenges in the Geosciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Clint Dawson
Margot Gerritsen
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Computational Challenges in the Geosciences addresses a cross-section of grand challenge problems arising in geoscience applications, including groundwater and petroleum reservoir simulation, hurricane storm surge, oceanography,volcanic eruptions and landslides, and tsunamis. Each of these applications gives rise to complex physical and mathematical models spanning multiple space-time scales, which can only be studied through computer simulation. The datarequired by the models is often highly uncerta in, and the numerical solution of the models requires sophisticated algorithms which are mathematically accurate, computationally efficient and yet must preserve basic physical propertiesof the models. This volume summarizes current methodologies and futu re research challenges in this broad and important field.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Physical and Computational Issues in the Numerical Modeling of Ocean Circulation, R.L. Higdon
Modeling Hazardous, Free
Surface Geophysical Flows with Depth
Averaged Hyperbolic Systems and Adaptive Numerical Methods, D.L. George
Real
Time Forecasting and Visualization of Hurricane Waves and Storm Surge using SWAN+ADCIRC and FigureGen, J.C. Dietrich, C.N. Dawson, J.M. Proft, M.T. Howard, G. Wells, J.G. Fleming, R.A. Luettich, Jr., J.J. Westerink, Z.Cobell, M. Vitse, H. Land er, B.O. Blanton, C.M. Szpilka, J.H. Atkinson
Methane in Surbsurface: Mathematical Modeling and Computational Ch
ISBN:9781461474340
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, 0940-6573 : v156
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847026407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Arminio Nobile e la misura del cielo [electronic resource] : ovvero Le disavventure di un astronomo napoletano
Author(s): Massimo Capaccioli
Silvia Galano
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:La scienza unesaltante avventura che costume raccontare attraverso le gesta dei grandi. Esiste per unaltra storia, altrettanto avvincente ma con poca voce, scritta dai tanti gregari e potenziali campioni cui lasorte, spesso nemmeno troppo cieca, ha negato la gloria. Questo libro parla di uno di loro e del suo piccolo mondo sulla collina di Capodimonte, a Napoli. la parabola di Arminio Nobile personaggio notevole eppure poco notodellastronomia italiana svolta sulla scena della nascente astrofisic a, in una stagione di grandi transizioni per il Mezzogiorno. Arminio, che era figlio di Giuseppina Guacci, figura di spicco della cultura pre-risorgimentale, edi un valente astronomo della Specola di Capodimonte, scelse di votarsi allo studio del cielo. O sservatore instancabile, appassionato e genialoide, aveva le carte in regola e le motivazioni per sfondare, ma la fortuna non gliarrise: pi volte si beff di lui, spingendolo su vicoli ciechi che la sua testardaggine gli imped di abbandonare. Cos, quando l a grande occasione gli si par davanti, la riconobbe ma non seppe coglierla appieno, morendodisperato come il pucciniano amante di Tosca
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788847026407
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:i blu - pagine di scienza, 2239-7477
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642285127:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing III [electronic resource] : Long-Time Behavior of Evolution Inclusions Solutions in Earth Data Analysis
Author(s): Mikhail Z Zgurovsky
Pavlo O Kasyanov
Oleksiy V Kapustyan
Jos Valero
Nina V Zadoianchuk
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642285127
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics, 1571-8689 : v27
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Engineering , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642182907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Sonar Design in Underwater Acoustics [electronic resource] : Principles and Applications
Author(s): Qihu Li
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Digital Sonar Design in Underwater Acoustics Principles and Applications provides comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of research on sonar design, including the basic theory and techniques of digital signal processing,basic concept of information t heory, ocean acoustics, underwater acoustic signal propagation theory, and underwater signal processing theory. This book discusses the general design procedure and approaches to implementation, the designmethod, system simulation theory and techniques, s onar tests in the laboratory, lake and sea, and practical validation criteria and methods for digital sonar design. It is intended for researchers in the fields of underwater signalprocessing and sonar design, and also for navy officers and ocean explorer s. Qihu Li is a professor at the Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Brief history of digital sonar development
Basic theory of digital signal processing
Detection and estimation theory of digital signal
General principle of sonar design
Design of digital sonar
The implementation method of various function of digital sonar
System simulation technique in digital sonar design
Examples of typical modern digital sonar
Software and hardware support and performance evaluation in digital sonar design
ISBN:9783642182907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China, 1995-6819 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Oceanography , Acoustics , Computer engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400704985:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Jacobi Dynamics [electronic resource] : A Unified Theory with Applications to Geophysics, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Author(s): V.I Ferronsky
S.A Denisik
S.V Ferronsky
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9789400704985
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v369
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Remote sensing , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642211447:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laboratory Science with Space Data [electronic resource] : Accessing and Using Space-Experiment Data
Author(s): Daniel Beysens
Luigi Carotenuto
Jack J.W.A van Loon
Martin Zell
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:For decades experiments conducted on space stations like MIR and the ISS have been gathering data in many fields of research in the natural sciences, medicine and engineering. The European Union-sponsored ULISSE project focused onexploring the wealth of unique experimental data provided by revealing raw and metadata from these studies via an Internet Portal. This book complements the portal. It serves as a handbook of space experiments and describes the varioustypes of experimental infrastructure are as of research in the life and physical sciences and technology space missions that hosted scientific experiments the types and structures of the data produced and how one can access the datathrough ULISSE for further research. The book provides an overvi ew of the wealth of space experiment data that can be used for additional research and will inspire academics (e.g. those looking for topics for their PhD thesis) andresearch departments in companies for their continued development
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 Space and Ground
Based Infrastructures
2.1 Characteristics of the Space Environment
2.2 Space Infrastructure
2.3 Non
orbital weightless research platforms
2.4 Ground
based facilities and space simulators
3 Areas of research
3.1 Physical sciences
3.2 Life sciences
4 ULISSE access to data
4.1 Data description
4.2 Identification of information: the ULISSE knowledge base
4.3 ULISSE: data access services.
ISBN:9783642211447
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Medicine , Data mining , Life sciences , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642203503:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaotic Flows [electronic resource] : Correlation effects and coherent structures
Author(s): Oleg G Bakunin
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book introduces readers to and summarizes the current ideas and theories about the basic mechanisms for transport in chaotic flows. Typically no single paradigmatic approach exists as this topic is relevant for fields asdiverse as plasma physics, geophysical flows and various branches of engineering. Accordingly, the dispersion of matter in chaotic or turbulent flows is analyzed from different perspectives. Partly based on lecture courses given by theauthor, this book addresses both graduate stud ents and researchers in search of a high-level but approachable and broad introduction to the topic
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Diffusion and Correlations
Introduction
Advection and Transport. the Langevin Equation and Transport
Part II Lagrangian Description
Lagrangian Description of Chaotic Flows
Lagrangian Chaos
Part III Phenomenological Models
Correlation Effects and Transport Equations
the Taylor Shear Dispersion
Part IV Fractals and Anomalous Transport
Fractal Objects and Scaling
Random Shear Flows and Correlations
Part V Structures and Nonlocal Effects
Transport and Complex Structures
Fractional Models of Anomalous Transport
Part VI Isotropic Turbulence and Sca
ISBN:9783642203503
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389 : v10
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642181702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Large-Scale Perturbations of Magnetohydrodynamic Regimes [electronic resource] : Linear and Weakly Nonlinear Stability Theory
Author(s): Vladislav Zheligovsky
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:New developments for hydrodynamical dynamo theory have been spurred by recent evidence of self-sustained dynamo activity in laboratory experiments with liquid metals. The emphasis in the present volume is on the introduction ofpowerful mathematical t echniques required to tackle modern multiscale analysis of continous systems and there application to a number of realistic model geometries of increasing complexity. This introductory and self-contained researchmonograph summarizes the theoretical state- of-the-art to which the author has made pioneering contributions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Large
scale Passive Scalar Transport
Steady
flow Dynamos
Time
periodic Flow Dynamos
Convective Plan
form Dynamos in a Layer
Linear Stability of Steady MHD States to Large
scale Perturbations
Weakly Nonlinear Stability of MHD Regimes
Forced Hydromagnetic Thermal Convection: Weakly Nonlinear Stability to Large
scale Perturbation
Free Hydromagnetic Thermal Convection: Weakly Nonlinear Stability to Large
scale Perturbations
Magnetic Field Generation by Large
amplitude Flows With an Internal Scale in an Axisymmetric Volume. One Azimuthal Fast Variable
Magn
ISBN:9783642181702
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v829
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Physical geography , Mathematical geography , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642159428:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Wave Turbulence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sergey Nazarenko
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Wave Turbulence refers to the statistical theory of weakly nonlinear dispersive waves. There is a wide and growing spectrum of physical applications, ranging from sea waves, to plasma waves, to superfluid turbulence, to nonlinearoptics and Bose-Einst ein condensates. Beyond the fundamentals the book thus also covers new developments such as the interaction of random waves with coherent structures (vortices, solitons, wave breaks), inverse cascades leading tocondensation and the transitions between wea k and strong turbulence, turbulence intermittency as well as finite system size effects, such as frozen turbulence, discrete wave resonances and avalanche-type energy cascades. Thisbook is an outgrow of several lectures courses held by the author and, as a result, written and structured rather as a graduate text than a monograph, with many exercises and solutions offered along the way. The present compactdescription primarily addresses students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter and work in t his field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Wave Trubulence as a Part of General Turbulence Theory
For the Impatint: a WT Cheatsheet
Solutions to Exercises
Statistical Objects in Wave Turbulence
Wave Turbulence Formalism
Solutions to Exercises
Conserved Quantities in Wave Turbulence and Their Cascades
Steady State and Evolving Solutions for the Wave Sepctrum
Finite
Size Effects in Wave Turbulence
Properties of the Higher
order Statistics. Intermitency and WT Life Cycle
Solutions to Exercises
Nonlocal Drift/Rossby Wave Turbulence
Magneto
Hydrodynamic Trubulence
Bose
Einstein Condensa
ISBN:9783642159428
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v825
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642150012:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organized Criticality in Astrophysics [electronic resource] : The Statistics of Nonlinear Processes in the Universe
Author(s): Markus Aschwanden
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The concept of self-organized criticality (SOC) has been applied to a variety of problems, ranging from population growth and traffic jams to earthquakes, landslides and forest fires. The technique is now being applied to awide range of phenomena in astrophysics, such as planetary magnetospheres, solar flares, cataclysmic variable stars, accretion disks, black holes and gamma-ray bursts, and also to phenomena in galactic physics and cosmology.Self-organized Criticality in Astrophysics introduces the concept of SOC and shows that, due to its universality and ubiquity, it is a law of nature. The theoretical framework and specific physical models are described, together with arange of applications in various aspects of astrophyics. The mathematical tech niques, including the statistics of random processes, time series analysis, time scale and waiting time distributions, are presented and the results areapplied to specific observations of astrophysical phenomena
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Self
Organized Criticality in the Universe
2 Numerical SOC Models
3 Statistics of Random Processes
4 Time Series Analysis
5 Time Scale Distributions
6 Waiting Time Distributions
7 Occurrence Frequency Distributions
8 Fractal Geometry
9 Scaling Laws
10 Physical SOC Models in Astrophysics
ISBN:9783642150012
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441969477:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of Excitation and Ionization of Atoms and Molecules by Electron Impact [electronic resource]
Author(s): Afzal Chaudhry
Hans Kleinpoppen
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Analysis of Excitation and Ionization of Atoms and Molecules by Electron Impact, by Afzal Chaudhry and Hans Kleinpoppen, describes in detail the measurements of the partial and total doubly differential cross sections for themultiple-ionization of ra re gas atoms by electron impact. These measurements show, among other trends, the role of Auger transitions in the production of multiply ionized atoms in the region where the incident electron energy issufficient to produce inner shell ionization. Other processes like Coster-Kronig transitions and shake off also contribute towards increasing the charge of the ions. As discussed in the book, an incident electron having energy of 6keV, for example, in a collision with xenon atom can remove up to nine elect rons! The measurements of doubly differential cross sections for the dissociative and non-dissociative ionization of hydrogen, sulfur dioxide and sulfur hexafluoride molecular gases are also explored. The results of the measurements for the sulfur dioxide molecule provide strategies for ways in which this major atmospheric pollutant can be removed from the atmosphere by electron impactdissociation. The book also delves into the present measurements of the polarization parameters of the fluorescence radiat ion emitted by the excited atoms of sodium and potassium. It thoroughly investigates the excitation of heliumatoms and the helium-like alkaline earth metal atoms of calcium and strontium as well. This book invites the reader to learn more about the excita tion and ionization of atoms and molecules by leading to the discovery of new processesand the excitement of surprising results. Hans Kleinpoppen is Editor of Polarized Electron/Polarized Photon Physics (Springer, 1995) and Selected Topics on Electron Phy sics (Springer, 1996)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Theoretical Approaches
Apparatus for the electron
atom collision studies
Experimental Techniques
Results and Discussion
Conclusion
ISBN:9781441969477
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v60
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857297211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Geoscience [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrew Fowler
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Mathematical Geoscience is an expository textbook which aims to provide a comprehensive overview of a number of different subjects within the Earth and environmental sciences. Uniquely, it treats its subjects from the perspectiveof mathematical model ling with a level of sophistication that is appropriate to their proper investigation. The material ranges from the introductory level, where it can be used in undergraduate or graduate courses, to researchquestions of current interest. The chapters end w ith notes and references, which provide an entry point into the literature, as well as allowing discursive pointers to further research avenues. The introductory chapter provides acondensed synopsis of applied mathematical techniques of analysis, as used in modern applied mathematical modelling. There follows a succession of chapters on climate, ocean and atmosphere dynamics, rivers, dunes, landscape formation,groundwater flow, mantle convection, magma transport, glaciers and ice sheets, and sub-glacial f loods. This book introduces a whole range of important geoscientific topics in one single volume and serves as an entry point for a rapidlyexpanding area of genuine interdisciplinary research. By addressing the interplay between mathematics and the real w orld, this book will appeal to graduate students, lecturers and researchers in the fields of applied mathematics, theenvironmental sciences and engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Mathematical Modelling
Climate Dynamics
Oceans and Atmospheres
River Flow
Dunes
Landscape Evolution
Groundwater Flow
Mantle Convection
Magma Transport
Glaciers and Ice Sheets
Jkulhlaups
Appendices
ISBN:9780857297211
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics, 0939-6047 : v36
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical geography , Physical geography , Environmental sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048137374:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar Neutrons and Related Phenomena [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev Dorman
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book presents the first comprehensive compilation and review of the extensive body of experimental and theoretical material on solar neutrons and related phenomena published in the scientific literature over the last sixtyyears. Phenomena relate d to solar neutrons are more specifically: the decay products of solar neutrons solar gamma rays generated in processes like nuclear reactions between solar energetic charged particles and matter of the solaratmosphere, as well as by the capture of solar neutrons by hydrogen atoms in the solar atmosphere the propagation of solar neutrons, solar gamma rays and other secondary particles through the solar photosphere, chromosphere and corona,as well as through interplanetary space and through the Earth's atm osphere. Models and simulations of particle acceleration, interactions, and propagation processes show that observations of solar neutrons and gamma rays in space andin the Earth's atmosphere yield essential and unique information on the source function o f energetic solar particles, as well as on the chemical composition and density distribution of plasma in the solar atmosphere. The resultsdescribed in the book may also be useful for astrophysical studies of other stars and different astrophysical object s, as well as for space weather problems. The book will serve as a reference work for researchers and students in solarphysics, plasma, neutron, and gamma ray physics, as well as in cosmic ray physics, space science, geophysics and those researching space weather problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Frequently used Abbreviations and Notations
Chapter 1. Charged, Accelerated Particle Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere, and the Generation of Secondary Energetic Particles and Radiations: Pioneer Results
Chapter 2. The Events of August 1972 and the Discovery of Solar Gamma
Radiation
Chapter 3. The Events of the June 1980 and June 1982, and the Discovery of Solar Neutrons
Chapter 4. Space Probe Observations of Solar Neutron Events
Chapter 5. Solar Neutron Propagation in the Earth's Atmosphere, and the Sensitivity of Neutron Monitors and other Gro
ISBN:9789048137374
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v365
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048134991:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Cluster Active Archive [electronic resource] Studying the Earth's Space Plasma Environment
Author(s): Harri Laakso
Matthew Taylor
C. Philippe Escoubet
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Since the year 2000 the ESA Cluster mission has been investigating the small-scale structures and processes of the Earth's plasma environment, such as those involved in the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetosphericplasma, in global ma gnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics of the neutral line and of plasmoids. This book contains presentations made at the 15th Cluster workshop held in March 2008. It alsopresents several articles about the Cluster A ctive Archive and its datasets, a few overview papers on the Cluster mission, and articles reporting on scientific findings on the solar wind, the magnetosheath, the magnetopause and themagnetotail
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Products and Services of the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Active Archive: Overview
ASPOC Data Products in the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Ion Spectrometry (CIS) Data in the Cluster Active Archive (CAA)
Digital Wave Processor Products in the Cluster Active Archive
EDI Data Products in the Cluster Active Archive
The EFW Data in the CAA
FGM Data Products in the CAA
PEACE Data in the Cluster Active Archive
RAPID Products at the Cluster Active Archive
STAFF Instrument Products Distributed Through the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Wideband Data Products in the
ISBN:9789048134991
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642126017:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extracting Knowledge From Time Series [electronic resource] : An Introduction to Nonlinear Empirical Modeling
Author(s): Boris P Bezruchko
Dmitry A Smirnov
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book addresses the fundamental question of how to construct mathematical models for the evolution of dynamical systems from experimentally-obtained time series. It places emphasis on chaotic signals and nonlinear modeling anddiscusses different approaches to the forecast of future system evolution. In particular, it teaches readers how to construct difference and differential model equations depending on the amount of a priori information that is availableon the system in addition to the experim ental data sets. This book will benefit graduate students and researchers from all natural sciences who seek a self-contained and thorough introduction to this subject
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
The Concept of Model. What is Remarkable in Mathematical Models
Two Approaches to Modelling and Forecast
Dynamical (Deterministic) Models of Evolution
Stochastic Models of Evolution
Problem Posing in Modelling From Data Series
Data Series as a Source for Modelling
Restoration of Explicit Temporal Dependencies
Moedel Equations: Parameter Estimation
Model Equations: Restoration of Equivalent Characteristics
Model Equations: Black Box Reconstruction
Practical Applications of Empirical Modelling
Identification of Directional Couplings
ISBN:9783642126017
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Finance , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642115875:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fronts, Waves and Vortices in Geophysical Flows [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jan-Bert Flor
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Most well known structures in planetary atmospheres and the Earths oceans are jets or fronts interacting with vortices on a wide range of scales. The transition from one state to another, such as in unbalanced or adjustmentflows, involves the generat ion of waves as well as the interaction of coherent structures with these waves. This book presents a fluid mechanics perspective to the dynamics of fronts and vortices and their interaction with waves ingeophysical flows. It provides a basic physical bac kground for modeling coherent structures in a geophysical context, and it gives essential information on advanced topics such as spontaneous wave emission and wavemomentum transfer ingeophysical flows. Based on a set of lectures by leading specialists, th is text is targeted at graduate students, researchers and engineers in geophysics and environmental fluid mechanics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Dynamics of Vortices in Rotating and Stratified Fluids
Stability of Quasi
Two
Dimensional Vortices
Oceanic Vortices
Lagrangian Dynamics of Fronts, Vortices and Waves: Understanding the (Semi
)geostrophic Adjustment
WaveVortex Interactions
ISBN:9783642115875
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v805
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Physical geography , Meteorology , Oceanography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441964120:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics [electronic resource] : With Applications to Geophysics
Author(s): Dale R Durran
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is a major revision of Numerical Methods for Wave Equations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics the new title of the second edition conveys its broader scope. The second edition is designed to serve graduate students andresearchers studying geoph ysical fluids, while also providing a non-discipline-specific introduction to numerical methods for the solution of time-dependent differential equations. The methods considered are those at the foundation ofreal-world atmospheric or ocean models, with th e focus being on the essential mathematical properties of each method. The fundamental character of each scheme is examined in prototypical fluid-dynamical problems like tracer transport,chemically reacting flow, shallow-water waves, and waves in an inter nally stratified fluid. The book includes exercises and is well illustrated with figures linking theoretical analyses to results from actual computations. Changes fromthe first edition include new chapters, discussions and updates throughout. Dale Durran is Professor and Chair of Atmospheric Sciences and Adjunct Professor of Applied Mathematics at the University of Washington. Reviews from the FirstEdition: This book will no doubt become a standard within the atmospheric science community, but its comfort able applied mathematical style will also appeal to many interested in computing advective flows and waves. It is acontemporary and worthy addition to the still-sparse list of quality graduate-level references on the numerical solution of PDEs. SIAM Revie w, 2000, 42, 755-756 (by David Muraki) This book presents an extensive overview of pastand current numerical methods used in the context of solving wave systems It is directed primarily at flows that do not develop shocks and focuses on standard fluid pr oblems including tracer transport, the shallow-water equationsand the Euler equations the book is well organized and written and fills a long-standing void for collected material on numer
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441964120
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Texts in Applied Mathematics, 0939-2475 : v32
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography , Numerical analysis , Mechanical engineering , Civil engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642019654:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dictionary of Minor Planet Names [electronic resource] : Addendum to Fifth Edition: 2006 - 2008
Author(s): Lutz Schmadel
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The second Addendum to the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, fifth edition, which is the IAU's official reference for the field, contains all newly published names from the period 2006-2008 as well as corrections and amendments toearlier editions. In total the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names now covers some 15000 named minor planets. It provides authoritative information about the basis for the rich and colorful variety of ingenious names, from heavenlygoddesses to more prosaic constructions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Catalogue of Minor Planet Names and Discovery Circumstances
Appendices
References
Index of Minor Planet Names
ISBN:9783642019654
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642006883:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lectures in Magnetohydrodynamics [electronic resource] : With an Appendix on Extended MHD
Author(s): Dalton D Schnack
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This concise and self-contained primer is based on class-tested notes for an advanced graduate course in MHD. The broad areas chosen for presentation are the derivation and properties of the fundamental equations, equilibrium,waves and instabilities, self-organization, turbulence, and dynamos. The latter topics require the inclusion of the effects of resistivity and nonlinearity. Together, these span the range of MHD issues that have proven to be importantfor understanding magnetically confined plasm as as well as in some space and astrophysical applications. The combined length and style of the thirty-eight lectures are appropriate for complete presentation in a single semester. Anextensive appendix on extended MHD is included as further reading
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I. About this book
II. Preface
III. Lectures 1
38
IV. Bibliography
Index
V. Appendix: Extended MHD
ISBN:9783642006883
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v780
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Fluids , Astrophysics , Nuclear fusion , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642002106:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Turbulence in Space Plasmas [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter Cargill
Loukas Vlahos
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Over the years, many leading European graduate schools in the field of astrophysical and space plasmas have operated within the framework of the research network, Theory, Observations, and Simulations in Turbulence in SpacePlasmas. This text is a set of lectures and tutorial reviews culled from the relevant work of all those schools. It emphasizes applications on solar coronae, solar flares, and the solar wind. In bridging the gap between standardtextbook material and state-of-the-art research, this text offers a broad flavor to postgraduate and postdoctoral students just coming to the field. And because of its unique mix, it will also be useful to lecturers looking foradvanced teaching material for their seminars and courses
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Waves and Instabilities in Space Plasmas
An Introduction to Fluid and MHD Turbulence for Astrophysical Flows: Theory, Observational and Numerical Data, and Modeling
The Solar Atmosphere
The Solar Flare: A Strongly Turbulent Particle Accelerator
Diagnostics of the Solar Wind Plasma
Physical Processes in the Solar Wind
Physics of Stellar Coronae
ISBN:9783642002106
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v778
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540878315:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Rotation of Sun and Stars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jean-Pierre Rozelot
Coralie Neiner
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Sun and stars rotate in different ways and at different rates of velocity, and knowledge of how they rotate is important in understanding the formation and evolution of stars and their structure. The wide variety of starsoffers an equally wide va riety of rotation rates and rotational evolution. From the slowly rotating stars to stars rotating close to their breakup velocities, different techniques and models have to be developed to study rotation andits effects on physical aspects of stars. In fa ct, one currently witnesses a complete renewal of astrophysical ideas about stellar rotation, mainly due to the development of new models including high-order effects of rotation andmagnetism. This book, while not attempting to answer all questions about rotation, given that many issues still have to be further investigated, focuses on the basics and some particular aspects while aiming to show why it isimportant, from a physical point of view, to study stellar rotation. Based on courses given at a gradua te school, these tutorial lectures will be of interest and useful to a rather broad audience of scientists and students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Sun: a Slowly Rotating Star
What's Coming: Issues Raised From Observation of the Shape of the Sun
Effects of Rotation on Stellar P
Mode Frequencies
Approaching the Low
Frequency Spectrum of Rotating Stars
The Rotation of the Solar Core
Physics of Rotation in Stellar Models
Long Baseline Interferometry of Rotating Stars Across the HR Diagram: Flattening, Gravity Darkening, Differential Rotation
Is the Critical Rotation of Be Stars Really Critical for the Be Phenomena?
On the Rotation of A
type Stars
The Solar Magnetic Field: Surface and Upper Layers, Network and Int
ISBN:9783540878315
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v765
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540851585:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Giant Planets of Our Solar System [electronic resource] : Atmospheres, Composition, and Structure
Author(s): Patrick G. J Irwin
Date:2009
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book reviews the current state of knowledge of the atmospheres of the giant gaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The current theories of their formation are reviewed and their recently observed temperature,composition and cloud structures are contrasted and compared with simple thermodynamic, radiative transfer and dynamical models. The instruments and techniques that have been used to remotely measure their atmospheric properties arealso reviewed, and the likely development of outer planet observations over the next two decades is outlined. This second edition has been extensively updated following the Cassini mission results for Jupiter/Saturn and the newestground-based measurements for Uranus/Neptune as well as on the latest development in the theories on planet formation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Formation and Evolution of Outer Planets
Evolution Processes in Outer Planet Atmospheres, and Current State
Vertical Structure of Temperature, Compositon and Clouds
Dynamical Processes
Radiative Transfer Processes in Outer Planetary Atmospheres
Remote and in
Situ Observations of Atmospheres
Retrieval Methods
ISBN:9783540851585
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Planetology , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540769538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun from Space [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kenneth R Lang
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume is a comprehensive, up-to-date account of solar astrophysics and how our perception and knowledge of this star have evolved as mankind has elucidated ever more of its mysteries. The emphasis of this second edition ofThe Sun from Space is on the last decade, which includes the findings of the SOHO, Ulysses, and Yohkoh solar spacecraft missions over an entire 11-year cycle of solar activity, the results of the RHESSI solar spacecraft launched duringthis interval, the early findings of the r ecently launched Hinode and STEREO solar spacecraft, and the ACE and Wind spacecraft that extend our investigations of the Sun to its varying input to Earth over the past ten years
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Instruments for a revolution
2. Discovering space
3. Exploring unseen depths of the sun
4. Solving the suns heating crisis
5. Winds across the void
6. Our violent sun
7. Space weather
ISBN:9783540769538
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540688327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ari Ben-Menahem
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics ofscience. The 5800-page Encyclo pedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopoliticalboundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done. The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists , engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing:mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, eart h and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry),associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and mo re). The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas inthe leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scien tific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered fromthe wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540688327
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Life sciences , Environmental sciences , Humanities
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540304210:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:History of Shock Waves, Explosions and Impact [electronic resource] : A Chronological and Biographical Reference
Author(s): Peter O. K Krehl
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This unique and encyclopedic reference work charts the evolution of the physics of shock waves and detonations from the earliest investigations into percussion and impact phenomena right up to the most recent groundbreakingresearch in the field. The history of this long and complex process is first reviewed in a general survey that encompasses everything from the earliest observations and interpretations of puzzling high-rate dynamic phenomena associatedwith natural and man-made explosions to a discu ssion of the merits of modern numerical computer simulations. The subject is then treated in more detail and in chronological order in the central section of the book, while also beingrichly illustrated in form of a picture gallery. The bibliographic inde x provides 122 short biographies of eminent researchers who have contributed to the field. Further references for biographical sources are given, and both name andsubject indices (with over 4500 and 2700 entries, respectively) are provided. This book is o f tremendous value to all who teach, research or write about the subject or, simply, are inquisitive about the people whose names appear inthe text or bibliographies. The whole community is indebted to Peter Krehl for what has clearly been a labour of lov e and for what must surely become the bible of shock waves, explosives and impact Professor John E. Field, FRS,Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
General Survey
Chronology
Picture Gallery
Biographies
Supplementary References
Name Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9783540304210
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Chemicals Safety measures , Physical geography , Thermodynamics , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781441913234:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Earths Plasmasphere [electronic resource] A CLUSTER and IMAGE Perspective
Author(s): F Darrouzet
J Keyser
V Pierrard
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Earth's Plasmasphere reviews the state of the art in plasmaspheric science based on the modern observations provded by ESA's CLUSTER and NASA's IMAGE spacecraft. The plasmasphere, discovered at the beginning of the space age,has remained largely unexplored territory. Now, with innovative observational techniques, new light is being shed on this key region of the magnetosphere. This book sketches the emerging overall picture of a highly structured plasma,sculpted by the ever-changing electromagnet ic fields that result from the interaction of the solar wind with the magnetosphere. The Earth's Plasmasphere, written by an international group of scientists representative of the world-widecommunity, is aimed at researchers and graduate students with an interest in magnetospheric physics, space plasma physics and geophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441913234
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402092398:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cosmic Rays in Magnetospheres of the Earth and other Planets [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev Dorman
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This monograph describes the behaviour of cosmic rays in the magnetosphere of the Earth and of some other planets. Recently this has become an important topic both theoretically, because it is closely connected with the physicsof the Earths magnetosp here, and practically, since cosmic rays determine a significant part of space weather effects on satellites and aircraft. The book contains eight chapters, dealing with The history of the discovery ofgeomagnetic effects caused by cosmic rays and their i mportance for the determination of the nature of cosmic rays or gamma rays The first explanations of geomagnetic effects within the framework of the dipole approximation of theEarths magnetic field Trajectory computations of cutoff rigidities, transmitt ance functions, asymptotic directions, and acceptance cones in the real geomagnetic field taking into account higher harmonics Cosmic raylatitude-longitude surveys on ships, trains, tracks, planes, balloons and satellites for determining the planetary di stribution of the intensity of cosmic rays and how it changes with time Geomagnetic time variations of cosmic rayscaused by the changing of internal sources of Earths main magnetic field and variable magnetospheric current systems Magnetospheric models and how to check them by galactic and solar cosmic rays The behaviour of cosmic raysin the atmospheres and magnetospheres of Venus, Mars, and Jupiter. The work concludes with a discussion of future developments and unsolved problems and contains a list o f about thousand full references. This book will be of greatinterest to experts and students in cosmic ray research, solar-terrestrial physics, magnetosphere physics, and space physics
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402092398
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v358
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387755342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Full Meridian of Glory [electronic resource] : Perilous Adventures in the Competition to Measure the Earth
Author(s): Paul Murdin
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Paris Meridian is the name of the line running north-south through the astronomical observatory in Paris. One of the original intentions behind the founding of the Paris Observatory was to determine and measure this line. Tothat end, the French g overnment financed the Paris Academy of Sciences to do so in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries employing both astronomers people who study and measure the stars and geodesists people who studyand measure the Earth. This book is about what they di d and why. Full Meridian of Glory is the first English language presentation of this historical material in its entirety. It is an attractively written story of the scientists whocreated the Paris Meridian. They collaborated and worked together in allianc es, like scientists everywhere they also split into warring factions. They transcended national and political disputes, as scientists do now, their eyes fixedon ideals of accuracy, truth and objectivity. Yet also when their work served national interests they were sometimes less than neutral, and if their work was questioned they sometimes blindly descended into petty politics. This booktells the story of the adventures in France, in Spain, in Lapland and in Ecuador of the scientists who worked through re volution, war, rebellion, piracy, fire, shipwreck, blockade, snow, tropical heat, kidnapping, murder and turbulentlove affairs to pursue a problem of map making. They turned that practical problem into a crucial scientific test of one of the most importan t intellectual problems of their time Newtons theory of universal gravitation. Theirwork changed their own lives, affected the course of science and politics, and left its mark on the landscape, the art and the literature of history and in our own age
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Incroyable Pique
nique and the Mridienne Verte
The Size of France
Shape of the Earth
The Meridian and the Sun
The Revolution and the Meter
The Paris Meridian in the Napoleonic Wars
Past its Prime
The Greenwich and Paris Meridians in the Space Age
On the Trail of The Da Vinci Code
Walking the Line: the Arago Memorial
ISBN:9780387755342
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Physical geography , Astronomy , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540752158:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport and Mixing in Geophysical Flows [electronic resource] : Creators of Modern Physics
Author(s): Jeffrey B Weiss
Antonello Provenzale
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume collects a number of theoretical and experimental lectures on various aspects of transport and mixing of active and passive particles in geophysical flows. Transports in fluids can be approached from two complementaryperspectives: in the Eulerian view of mixing, the focus is on the concentration field - advection stetches and folds the concentration field and sharpens the gradients, while diffusion smoothes the field. In the Langrangian view, fluidparcels are followed around as they move with the flow, experiencing chaotic or stochastic motion. Both pictures are considered in the present lectures, with passive particles carried freely by the flow and reactive particles, wherechemically or biologically induced reactions change the characte r of the particles
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Scalar Decay in Chaotic Mixing
Transport of Inert and reactive Particles: Lagrangian Statistics in Turbulent Flow
Diffusion and Reaction
Diffusion in Steady Flows at Large Peclet Numbers
An Introduction to radiative Tranfer for Geophysicists. Coherent Vortices and Tracer Transport
Dispersion and Mixing in Quasi
Two
Dimensional Rotating Flows
Quatntifying, Inhomogeneous, Instantaneous, Irreversible Transport Using Passive Tracer Field as a Coordinate
Lagrangian Statistics From Oceanic and Atmospheric Observations
The Modulation of Biological Production by Oceanic Mesoscale
ISBN:9783540752158
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics : v744
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Fluids
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540713432:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fluid Mechanics [electronic resource] : An Introduction to the Theory of Fluid Flows
Author(s): Franz Durst
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Advancements of fluid flow measuring techniques and of computational methods have led to new ways to treat laminar and turbulent flows. These methods are extensively used these days in research and engineering practise. This alsorequires new ways to teach the subject to students at higher educational institutions in an introductory manner. The book provides the knowledge to students in engineering and natural science needed to enter fluid mechanicsapplications in various fields. Analytical treatments are provided, based on the Navier-Stokes equations. Introductions are also given into numerical and experimental methods applied to flows. The main benefit the reader will derivefrom the book is a sound introduction into all aspects of fluid mechanics co vering all relevant subfields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction, Importance and Development of Fluid Mechanics
Mathematical Basics
Physical Basics
Basics of Fluid Kinematics
Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics
Hydrostatics and Aerostatics
Similarity Theory
Integral Forms of the Basic Equations
Stream Tube Theory
Potential Flows
Wave Motions in Non
Viscous Fluids
to Gas Dynamics
Stationary, One
Dimensional Fluid Flows of Incompressible, Viscous Fluids
Time
Dependent, One
Dimensional Flows of Viscous Fluids
Fluid Flows of Small Reynolds Numbers
Flows of Large Reynolds Numbers Boundary
Layer Flows
Un
ISBN:9783540713432
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Engineering , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540682226:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Turbulence and Diffusion [electronic resource] : Scaling Versus Equations
Author(s): Oleg G Bakunin
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is an introduction to the multidisciplinary field of anomalous diffusion in complex systems, with emphasis on the scaling approach as opposed to techniques based on the quantitative analysis of underlying transportequations. Typical example s of such systems are turbulent plasmas, convective rolls, zonal flow systems and stochastic magnetic fields. From the more methodological point of view, the approach relies on the general use of correlationsestimates, quasilinear equations and continuous time random walk techniques. Yet, the mathematical descriptions are not meant to become a fixed set of recipes but rather develop and strengthen the reader's physical intuition andunderstanding on the underlying mechanisms involved. Most of the material stems from class-tested lectures, where graduate students where assumed to have a working knowledge of classical physics, fluid dynamics and plasma physics butotherwise no prior knowledge of the subject matter is assumed from the side of the reader
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Turbulent Diffusion and Scaling
Non
Local Effects and Diffusion Equations
The Diffusive Renormalization and Correlations
The Diffusion Equations and the Quasi
Linear Approximation
Return Effects and Random Shear Flows
Turbulence of Magnetic Field Lines
Stochastic Instability and Turbulence
Anomalous Transport and Convective Cells
Fractal and Percolation Concepts
percolation and Turbulent Transport
Multiscale Approach and Scalings
Subdiffiusion and Trapping
Continuous Time Random Walks and Transport Scalings
Correlation and Phase
Space
ISBN:9783540682226
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Statistical physics , Thermodynamics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402068812:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun [electronic resource] A User's Manual
Author(s): Claudio Vita-Finzi
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Sun is an account of the many ways in which our nearest star affects our planet, how its influence has changed over the last few centuries and millennia, and the extent to which we can predict its future impact. The Sun's raysfoster the formation of Vitamin D by our bodies, but it can also promote skin cancer, cataracts, and mutations in our DNA. Besides providing the warmth and light essential to most animal and plant life, solar energy contributessubstantially to global warming. Although the ch arged particles of the solar wind shield us from harmful cosmic rays, solar storms may damage artificial satellites and cripple communication systems and computer networks. The Sun is theideal renewable energy source, but its exploitation is still bedevil led by the problems of storage and distribution. Our nearest star, in short, is a complex machine which needs to be treated with caution, and this book will equipevery reader with the knowledge that is required to understand the benefits and dangers it ca n bring
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Looking at the Sun
2. Inside the Sun
3. The changable Sun
4. Sun and climate
5. Sun and life
6. Sun and health
7. Space weather
8. Solar energy
Index
ISBN:9781402068812
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402064524:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Catastrophic Events Caused by Cosmic Objects [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vitaly Adushkin
Ivan Nemchinov
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many times all of us could hear from mass media that an asteroid approached and swept past the Earth. Such an asteroid or comet will inevitably strike the planet some day. This volume considers hazards due to collisions withcosmic objects, particular ly in light of recent investigations of impacts by the authors. Each chapter written by an expert contains an overview of an aspect and new findings in the field. The main hazardous effects cratering,shock, aerial and seismic waves, fires, ejection of du st and soot, tsunami are described and numerically estimated. Numerical simulations of impacts and impact consequences have received much attention in the book. Fairly smallimpacting objects 50 -100 m in diameter pose a real threat to humanity and their i nfluence on the atmosphere and ionosphere is emphasized. Especially vulnerable are industrially developed areas with dense population, almost all Europeis one of them. Special chapters are devoted to the famous 1908 Tunguska event and new results of its s imulations, bolides in the atmosphere and impacts on the early Earth
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Main Factors of Hazards Due to Comets and Asteroids
Size
Frequency Distribution Of Asteroids And Impact Craters: Estimates Of Impact Rate
Cometary Hazards
Bolides in the Earth Atmosphere
Geologic Effects of Large Terrestrial Impact Crater Formation
Thermal Radiation and Fires After Impacts of Cosmic Objects
Tunguska Catastrophe of 30 June 1908
High
Velocity Impact Ejecta: Tektites and Martian Meteorites
Marine Target Impacts
Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Effect
Impacts and Evolution of Early Earth
ISBN:9781402064524
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Planetology , Mathematical physics , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540715702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The High Energy Solar Corona: Waves, Eruptions, Particles [electronic resource]
Author(s): Karl-Ludwig Klein
Alexander L MacKinnon
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:An outgrowth of a workshop held by the Community of European Solar Radio Astronomers (CESRA), this volume collects reviews on current research and perspectives on the variable solar corona: high-energy particles, large-scaledisturbances such as mass ejections and waves, and radio diagnostics of the coronal plasma. Multiwavelength observations of the Sun with radio instruments and recent space missions are drawn on extensively, as well as input fromneighbouring fields e.g. solar wind, Earth's bow shoc k. Recent developments are discussed alongside key developments in this rapidly evolving field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: The High
energy Corona Waves, Eruptions, Particles
Introduction: The High
energy Corona Waves, Eruptions, Particles
Particle Acceleration During Flares
Magnetic Complexity, Fragmentation, Particle Acceleration and Radio Emission from the Sun
Review of Selected RHESSI Solar Results
RHESSI Results Time for a Rethink?
Small Scale Energy Release and the Acceleration and Transport of Energetic Particles
Large
scale Disturbances
Large
scale Waves and Shocks in the Solar Corona
Energetic Particles Related with Coronal and Interplanetary Shocks
P
ISBN:9783540715702
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics : v725
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540488781:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Processing in Precise Time and Frequency Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michel Desaintfuscien
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Physical processes, involving atomic phenomena, allow more and more precise time and frequency measurements. This progress is not possible without convenient processing of the respective raw data. The book describes the dataprocessing at various leve ls: design of the time and frequency references, characterization of the time and frequency references, applications involving precise time and/or frequency references. The metrological properties stability,accuracy and reproducibility are defined and the processes leading to their characterization are shown. The various aspects of the variance of the frequency fluctuations are discussed and compared and their significance is given. Somemajor applications of the best frequency and time standards are final ly discussed. The way the extreme precision of these sources is used to obtain precise time and position information is shown: - Time scales, used to describe everyhuman and physical activities, such as astronomy, physical laws, etc. - Positioning systems , such as GPS - Very long base interferometry (VLBI)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Very High Performances Oscillators: The Two Parts of an Oscillator
Control of the Local Oscillator Frequency
Part II: Characterization of Very High Performances Oscillators: Accuracy
Reproducibility
Stability
Part III: Applications: Time and Frequency Metrology
Global Positioning System
Very Long Base Interferometry
Part IV: Appendix: Useful Integrals
Some Calculational Details
ISBN:9783540488781
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Data and Knowledge in a Changing World, 1431-2107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540488415:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Io After Galileo [electronic resource] : A New View of Jupiters Volcanic Moon
Author(s): Rosaly M. C Lopes
John R Spencer
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Jupiters moon Io is the Solar Systems most exotic satellite. Active volcanism on Io was discovered from observations by the Voyager 1 spacecraft in 1979, confirming a possibility suggested from theoretical studies of Iosorbit. Our knowledge of Ios vo lcanism, composition, and space environment were significantly increased as a result of observations by the Galileo spacecraft from 1996 through 2001. The end of the Galileo mission in 2003 makes thisan ideal time to summarize the new results in a book as no book has ever been written about Jupiters volcanic moon, Io
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: A History of the Exploration of Io
Chapter 3: A Summary of the Galileo Mission and its Observations of Io
Chapter 4: Formation and Early Evolution of Io
Chapter 5: The Interior of Io
Chapter 6: Ionian Mounts and Tectonics: Insights into what Lies Beneath Ios Lofty Peaks
Chapter 7: Active volcanism: Effusive Eruptions
Chapter 8: Plumes and their Deposits
Chapter 9: Ios Surface Composition
Chapter 10: Ios Atmosphere
Chapter 11: Ios Neutral Clouds, Plasma Torus and Magnetospheric Interaction
Chapter 12: Outstanding Qu
ISBN:9783540488415
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540463153:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment [electronic resource]
Author(s): Y Kamide
A Chian
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment is a unique compendium. Recognized international leaders in their field contribute chapters on basic topics of solar physics, space plasmas and the Earth's magnetosphere, and onapplied topics like the aurora, magnetospheric storms, space weather, space climatology and planetary science. This book will be of highest value as a reference for researchers working in the area of planetary and space science.However, it is also written in a style accessible to graduate students majoring in those fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:An Overview of the SolarTerrestrial Environment
An Overview of the SolarTerrestrial Environment
The Sun
The Solar Interior Radial Structure, Rotation, Solar Activity Cycle
Solar Atmosphere
Solar Wind
Coronal Mass Ejection
Solar Radio Emissions
The Earth
Magnetosphere
Ionosphere
Thermosphere
Space Plasmas
Space Plasmas
Magnetic Reconnection
Nonlinear Processes in Space Plasmas
Processes in the Solar
Terrestrial Environment
The Aurora
Geomagnetic Storms
Substorms
Ultra Low Frequency Waves in the Magnetosphere
Space Weather
ISBN:9783540463153
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Planetology , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540374145:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications to Environmental Physics
Author(s): Ferdinando Borghese
Paolo Denti
Rosalba Saija
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The scattering of electromagnetic radiation by nonspherical particles has become an increasingly important research topic over the past 20 years. Instead of handling anisotropic particles of arbitrary shape, the authors considerthe more amenable prob lem of aggregates of spherical particles. This is often a very satisfactory approach as the optical response of nonspherical particles depends more on their general symmetry and the quantity of refractive materialthan on the precise details of their shape . The book addresses a wide spectrum of applications, ranging from scattering properties of water droplets containing pollutants, atmospheric aerosols and ice crystals to the modeling of cosmicdust grains as aggregates. In this extended second edition the authors have encompassed all the new topics arising from their recent studies of cosmic dust grains. Thus many chapters were deeply revised and new chapters were added. Thenew material spans The description of the state of polarization of electromagnetic waves of general form The conservation theorems of combined systems of fields and particles The appropriate multipole expansion for waves of generalwave vector and of general state of polarization A number of new applications The effects of radiation pre ssure and radiation torque on cosmic dust grains A study of the morphology of cosmic dust grains and of the distribution andpolarization of the electromagnetic field in the interior of aggregated dust grains
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Multipole Fields
2. Propagation Through an Assembly of Nonspherical Scatterers
3. Radiation force, radiation torque and thermal emission
4. Multipole Expansions and Transition Matrix
5. Transition Matrix of Single and Aggregated Spheres
6. Scattering from Particles on a Plane Surface
7. Applications: Aggregated Spheres, Layered Spheres, and Spheres Containing Inclusions
8. Applications: Single and Aggregated Spheres and Hemispheres on a Plane Interface
9. Applications: Atmospheric Ice Crystals
10. Applications: Cosmic Dust Grains
A
A 6 Appendices
References
ISBN:9783540374145
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics of Earth and Space Environments, 1610-1677
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540345787:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space Weather- Physics and Effects [electronic resource]
Author(s): Volker Bothmer
Ioannis A Daglis
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book is a state-of-the-art review on the physics of space weather and on space weather impacts on human technology, including manned spaceflight. With contributions from a team of international experts, this comprehensivework covers all aspects of space weather physical processes, and all known aspects of space hazards from humans, both in space and on Earth. Space Weather - Physics and Effects provides the first comprehensive, scientific background ofspace storms caused by the sun and its impac t on geospace focuses on weather issues that have become vital for the development of nationwide technological infrastructures explains magnetic storms on Earth, including the effects of EUVradiation on the atmosphere is an invaluable aid in establishing real-time weather forecasts details the threat that solar effects might have on modern telecommunication systems, including national power grid systems, aircraft andmanned spaceflight
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Space weather forecasting historically viewed through the lens of meteorology
The Sun as the prime source of space weather
The coupling of the solar wind to the Earths magnetosphere
Major radiation environments in the heliosphere and their implications for interplanetary travel
Radiation belts and ring current
Ionospheric response
Solar effects in the middle and lower stratosphere and probable associations with the troposphere
Space weather effects on communications
Space weather effects on power grids
Space weather impacts on space radiation protection
Effects
ISBN:9783540345787
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Astrophysics , Climatic changes , Environmental toxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540341444:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Astronomy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hannu Karttunen
Pekka Krger
Heikki Oja
Markku Poutanen
Karl Johan Donner
Date:2007
Edition:Fifth Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Fundamental Astronomy gives a well-balanced and comprehensive introduction to the topics of classical and modern astronomy. While emphasizing both the astronomical concepts and the underlying physical principles, the text providesa sound basis for mo re profound studies in the astronomical sciences. The fifth edition of this successful undergraduate textbook has been extensively modernized and extended in the parts dealing with the Milky Way, extragalacticastronomy and cosmology as well as with extras olar planets and the solar system (as a consequence of recent results from satellite missions and the new definition by the International Astronomical Union of planets, dwarf planets andsmall solar-system bodies). Furthermore a new chapter on astrobiology has been added. Long considered a standard text for physical science majors, Fundamental Astronomy is also an excellent reference and entre for dedicated amateurastronomers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Spherical Astronomy
Observations and Instruments
Photometric Concepts and Magnitudes
Radiation Mechanisms
Celestial Mechanics
The Solar System
Stellar Spectra
Binary Stars and Stellar Masses
Stellar Structure
Stellar Evolution
The Sun
Variable Stars
Compact Stars
The Interstellar Medium
Star Clusters and Associations
The Milky Way
Galaxies
Cosmology
Astrobiology
ISBN:9783540341444
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540327110:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Comet/Asteroid Impacts and Human Society [electronic resource] : An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author(s): Peter T Bobrowsky
Hans Rickman
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In 1908 an atmospheric explosion in northern Siberia released energy equivalent to 15 Mton of TNT. Can a comparable or larger NEO affect us again? When the next NEO strikes Earth will it be large enough to destroy a city? Will theclimate change signi ficantly? Can archaeology and anthropology provide insights into the expected cultural responses with NEO interactions? Does society have a true grasp of the actual risks involved? Is the Great Depression a goodmodel for the economic collapse that could f ollow a NEO catastrophe? This volume provides a necessary link between various disciplines and comet/asteroid impacts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Anthropology, Archaeology, Geology
The Geologic Record of Destructive Impact Events on Earth
The Archaeology and Anthropology of Quaternary Period Cosmic Impact
The Sky on the Ground: Celestial Objects and Events in Archaeology and Popular Culture
Umm al Binni Structure, Southern Iraq, as a Postulated Late Holocene Meteorite Impact Crater
Tree
Rings Indicate Global Environmental Downturns that could have been Caused by Comet Debris
The GGE Threat: Facing and Coping with Global Geophysical Events
Astronomy and Physical Implications
The Asteroid Impact Hazard and Interdis
ISBN:9783540327110
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geology , Astronomy , Environmental economics , Archaeology , Human Geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540299257:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dictionary of Minor Planet Names [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lutz D Schmadel
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Fifth Edition, is the official reference for the field of the IAU, which serves as the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to celestial bodies and any surface featureson them. The accelera ting rate of the discovery of minor planets has not only made a new edition of this established compendium necessary but has also significantly altered its scope: this thoroughly revised edition concentrates on theapproximately 10,000 minor planets that c arry a name. It provides authoritative information about the basis for all names of minor planets. In addition to being of practical value for identification purposes, this collection provides amost interesting historical insight into the work of those as tronomers who over two centuries vested their affinities in a rich and colorful variety of ingenious names, from heavenly goddesses to more prosaic constructions. The fifthedition serves as the primary reference, with plans for complementary booklets with newly named bodies to be issued every three years
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540299257
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402056048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:THE SUN AND SPACE WEATHER [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): ARNOLD HANSLMEIER
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This second edition is a great enhancement of literature which will help the reader get deeper into the specific topics. There are new sections included such as space weather data sources and examples, new satellite missions, andthe latest results. A t the end a comprehensive index is given which will allow the reader to quickly find his topics of interest. The Sun and Space weather are two rapidly evolving topics. The importance of the Sun for the Earth, lifeon Earth, climate and weather processes wa s recognized long ago by the ancients. Now, for the first time there is a continuous surveillance of solar activity at nearly all wavelengths. These data can be used to improve ourunderstanding of the complex Sun-Earth interaction. The first chapters of t he book deal with the Sun as a star and its activity phenomena as well as its activity cycle in order to understand the complex physics of the Sun-Earth system.The reader will see that there are many phenomena but still no definite explanations and models exist for many of them. Other topics are the influences on the Earths atmosphere, long and short term climate variations. The lastchapters discuss the protection against enhanced radiation environment in view of upcoming manned missions to the Moon and M ars, and the threat from space debris, asteroids and meteoroids. Since the field is quite interdisciplinary,the book will be of interest to scientists working in different fields such as solar physics, geophysics, and space physics
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402056048
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE LIBRARY, 0067-0057 : v347
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387450971:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring the Secrets of the Aurora [electronic resource] : Second Edition
Author(s): Syun-Ichi Akasofu
Date:2007
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This new edition of Exploring the Secrets of the Aurora is based on the author's own experiences as a scientist. It describes the history of progress made in auroral science and magnetospheric physics by providing examples ofideas, controversies, str uggles, acceptance, and success. Although no general methodologies are mentioned, the hope is that the reader will learn about the history of progress in auroral science and examples of dealing with the manycontroversies. This book aims to help young scie ntific researchers learn how to persevere during periods of controversy and struggles for acceptance. In this second edition, by utilizing multiple examples, Akasofu is successful indemonstrating the importance and usefulness of Synthesis. Probably the bo ok's most valuable contribution to the history of space physics is precisely the narration of the discovery of substorms.---The book has specialfeatures.---Akasofu's coverage of the history of pre-space age solar-terrestrial relations is the most comprehe nsive among books on the subject known to me.---It is a unique mix of science, history, philosophy, and exhortation.-George Siscoe, Center for Space Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Source of Figures
Preface
Prologue
1. Search for the Unknown Quantity in the Solar Wind
2. Confronting Paradigms: Aurora Research During the Early Space Age
3. Realizing the Dream of our Pioneers: Polar Magnetic Substorms and the Associated Current System
4. Is the Earth's Dipole Really Off
Centered and Inclined? Planetary Magnetic Fields
5. Myth of the Emerging Flux Tubes: Sunspots and Solar Flares
6. Synthesis of the four Major Disciplines: Predicting Geomagnetic Storms as a Space Weather Project
7. Beyond the Inner Heliosphere: The Magnetic Field Structure of the
ISBN:9780387450971
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v278
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387369457:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Frequency Seafloor Acoustics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Darrell R Jackson
Michael D Richardson
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:High-Frequency Seafloor Acoustics is the first book in a new series sponsored by the Office of Naval Research on the latest research in underwater acoustics. This exciting new title provides ready access to experimental data,theory, and models releva nt to high-frequency seafloor acoustics and will be of interest to sonar engineers and researchers working in underwater acoustics. The physical characteristics of the seafloor affecting acoustic propagationand scattering are covered, including physical a nd geoacoustic properties and surface roughness. Current theories for acoustic propagation in sediments are presented along with corresponding models for reflection, scattering, andseafloor penetration. The main text is backed up by an extensive bibliogra phy and technical appendices
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Basic concepts and definitions
Seafloor scattering experiments
Seafloor physical properties
Seafloor roughness
Seafloor heterogeneity
Fluid theories for sound waves in sediments
Theories including shear
Porelastic theories
Roughness scattering models
Volume scattering models
Statistics of backscattered pressure
Technical appendices (roughly, 12 in number)
ISBN:9780387369457
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Underwater Acoustics
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Hydraulic engineering , Oceanography , Acoustics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540698319:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dictionary of Minor Planet Names [electronic resource] : Addendum to Fifth Edition: 20032005
Author(s): Lutz D Schmadel
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540698319
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540376644:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Light Scattering by Optically Soft Particles [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications
Author(s): Subodh K Sharma
David J Somerford
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The present monograph deals with a particular class of approximation methods in the context of light scattering by small particles. This class of approximations has been termed as eikonal or soft particle approximations. Theeikonal approximation was studied extensively in the potential scattering and then adopted in optical scattering problems. In this context, the eikonal and other soft particle approximations pertain to scatterers whose relativerefractive index compared to surrounding medium is clo se to unity. The study of these approximations is very important because soft particles occur abundantly in nature. For example, the particles that occur in ocean optics, biomedicaloptics, atmospheric optics and in many industrial applications can be clas sified as soft particles. This book was written in recognition of the long-standing and current interest in the field of scattering approximations for softparticles. It should prove to be a useful addition for researchers in the field of light scattering
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. The eikonal approximation in non relativistic potential scattering
3. The eikonal approximation in optical scattering
4. Other soft particle approximations
5. Applications
Appendices
ISBN:9783540376644
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Soft condensed matter , Quantum optics , Spectrum analysis , Physical optics , Environmental toxicology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540353751:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modelling Critical and Catastrophic Phenomena in Geoscience [electronic resource] : A Statistical Physics Approach
Author(s): Pratip Bhattacharyya
Bikas K Chakrabarti
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book presents a broad survey of models for critical and catastrophic phenomena in the geosciences, with strong emphasis on earthquakes. It assumes the perspective of statistical physics, which provides the theoretical framefor dealing with compl ex systems in general. This volume addresses graduate students wishing to specialize in the field and researchers working or interested in the field having a background in the physics, geosciences or appliedmathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Tutorial: Introductory Material
Part II Physics Models of Earthquake
Part III Modelling Related Phenomena
Part IV Miscellanous Short Notes
Index
ISBN:9783540353751
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v705
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Statistical physics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540343615:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dictionary of Minor Planet Names [electronic resource] : Addendum to Fifth Edition: 20032005
Author(s): Lutz D Schmadel
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, fifth Edition, is the official reference for the field of the IAU, which serves as the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to celestial bodies and any surfacefeatures on them. The acce lerating rate of the discovery of minor planets has made this Addendum to this established compendium necessary. It covers all newly published names from the period 2003-2005 as well as corrections andamendments to earlier editions
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540343615
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540337591:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jean-Pierre Rozelot
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book comprises an excursion through space weather, a scientific topic in rapid growth and with growing impact and complications for technological societies. The emphasis of the present volume is on the origins of spaceweather: the Sun and the so lar mind. Very much as the Sun`s electromagnetic radiation drives the Earth climate, our space weather is driven by the solar wind. This book addresses students and scientists working, or interested in, thefield and provides a thorough introduction to the topic for those who wish to become acquainted with the basic solar physics at the origin of space weather
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Advances in Understanding Elements of the Sun
Earth Links
Some Basic Aspects of the Solar Wind
The Solar Spectrum in the UV, EUV and X Ranges:Observations,Modeling and Effects on the Earth Upper Atmosphere in the Frame of Space Weather
Earth Radiation Belts
Radio Emissions From the Sun and the Interplanetary Medium
The Sun, The Earth and the Space Weather
Index
ISBN:9783540337591
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v699
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540333838:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Adaptive Atmospheric Modeling [electronic resource] : Key Techniques in Grid Generation, Data Structures, and Numerical Operations with Applications
Author(s): Jrn Behrens
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book gives an overview and guidance in the development of adaptive techniques for atmospheric modeling. Written in an educational style and featuring an exhaustive list of references, it is a starting point for everyone whois interested in adapt ive modeling, not restricted to atmospheric sciences. It covers paradigms of adaptive techniques, such as error estimation and adaptation criteria. Mesh generation methods are presented for triangular/tetrahedraland quadrilateral/hexahedral meshes, with a special section on initial meshes for the sphere. Efficiency issues are discussed including techniques for accelerating unstructured mesh computations as well as parallelization. Consideringapplications, the book demonstrates several techniques for discr etizing relevant conservation laws from atmospheric modeling. Finite volume, discontinuous Galerkin and conservative Semi-Lagrangian methods are introduced and applied insimplified real life simulations. It is the author's intention to motivate the reader to become involved with adaptive modeling techniques
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540333838
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v54
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Physical geography , Meteorology , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540332039:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geospace Electromagnetic Waves and Radiation [electronic resource]
Author(s): James W LaBelle
Rudolf A Treumann
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The contributions gathered in this volume provide introductions to current problems in geospace electromagnetic radiation, guides to the associated literature and tutorial reviews of the relevant space physics. Students andscientists working on vario us aspects of the terrestrial aurora or magnetospheric and near-Earth heliospheric high-frequency waves will find this volume an indispensable companion for their studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Active Wave Experiments in Space Plasmas: The Z Mode (R.F. Benson et al.)
Review of Kilometric Continuum (K. Hashimoto et al.)
Generation of Auroral Kilometric Radiation in Bounded Source Regions (P. Louarn)
Generation of Emissions by Fast Particles in Stochastic Media (G. D. Fleishman)
Auroral Acceleration and Radiation (R. Pottelette et al.)
The Influence of Plasma Density Irregularities on Whistler
Mode Wave Propagation (V. S. Sonwalkar)
Dipole Measurements of Waves in the Ionosphere (H. G. James)
Mode Conversion Radiation in the Terrestrial Ionosphere and Magnetosphere
ISBN:9783540332039
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v687
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540324553:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Extended Celestial Bodies and Rings [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jean Souchay
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Taking both a theoretical and observational perspective, this book is an introduction to recent developments in the field of celestial mechanics. It emphasizes the application to extended celestial bodies and devotes muchattention to rotational aspec ts. In particular, it explains the state of art for accurate modelling of the rotation of celestial bodies such as the Earth, the Moon, and Mercury, which involves principles related to hydrodynamics andgeodesy. Comparisons between the light curves of the asteroids and their rotational state are made and spatial techniques leading to the determination of the Earth's gravitational field are explained. Also, the book provides a generaloverview of the collisional processes in the solar system and of the dyna mics of the rings. It is addressed to graduate students and researchers in space sciences and celestial dynamics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Spinning Bodies: A Tutorial
Physics of the Earths Interior, Deformation and Rotation
Modelling and Characterizing the Earths Gravity Field: From Basic Principles to Current Purposes
Asteroids from Observations to Models
Modelling Collisions Between Asteroids: From Laboratory Experiments to Numerical Simulations
Geometric Conditions for Quasi
Collisions in piks Theory
The Synchronous Rotation of the Moon
The Spin
Orbit Rotation of Mercury
Dynamics of Planetary Rings
ISBN:9783540324553
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v682
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Mechanics , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540316244:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Topics in Hyposonic Flow Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Radyadour Zeytounian
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Hyposonic fluid flows, characterized by a low Mach number, are mainly linked with geophysical and environmental fluid flows. In addition they are relevant to engineers because of their connection with aerodynamics. The book bringstogether insights de rived from mathematically rigorous results and combines them with a number of realistic fluid flow situations. Asymptotic analytic solutions for the low-Mach number cases are developed to provide both insights intothe underlying physics as well as benchma rks for numerical computations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Aero
Thermo
Dynamic, Nonlinear Acoustics and Meteorological Equations
The Many Faces of Low Mach Number Flows Asymptotics
A First Approach of Low Mach Number Flows Asymptotics
Some Aspects of Low Mach Number External Flows
Some Aspects of Low Mach Number Internal Flows
Slow Atmospheric Motions as a Low Mach Number Flow
Miscellaneous: Various Low Mach Number Fluid Problems and Motions
ISBN:9783540316244
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v672
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Meteorology , Fluids , Hydraulic engineering , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783211331590:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tsunamis and Hurricanes [electronic resource] : A Mathematical Approach
Author(s): Ferdinand Cap
Date:2006
Publisher:Vienna : Springer Vienna
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Tsunamis and hurricanes have had a devastating impact on the population living near the coast during the year 2005. The calculation of the power and intensity of tsunamis and hurricanes are of great importance not only forengineers and meteorologists but also for governments and insurance companies. This book presents new research on the mathematical description of tsunamis and hurricanes. A combination of old and new approaches allows to derive anonlinear partial differential equation of fifth order describing the steepening up and the propagation of tsunamis. The description includes dissipative terms and does not contain singularities or two valued functions. The equivalenceprinciple of solutions of nonlinear large gas dynamics waves and of soluti ons of water wave equations will be used. An extension of the continuity equation by a source term due to evaporation rates of salt seawater will help tounderstand hurricanes. Detailed formula, tables and results of the calculations are given
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Introduction to wave physics: Types of waves Linear wave equations Solutions of linear wave equations Nonlinear wave equations Physics of nonlinear wave equations
Basic flow equations: Units and properties of substances Conservation of mass The equation of motion Conservation of energy Thermodynamics Vorticity theorems Potential flow in incompressible fluids Potential flow incompressible fluids The DARB OUX solution of plane waves in non
dissipative gases The equivalence theorem
Water waves: The variety of water waves Gravity water waves Capillarity wave
ISBN:9783211331590
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Oceanography , Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402046292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sprites, Elves and Intense Lightning Discharges [electronic resource]
Author(s): Martin Fllekrug
Eugene A Mareev
Michael J Rycroft
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Particularly intense lightning discharges can produce transient luminous events above thunderclouds, termed sprites, elves and jets. These short lived optical emissions in the mesosphere can reach from the tops of thundercloudsup to the ionosphere th ey provide direct evidence of coupling from the lower atmosphere to the upper atmosphere. Sprites are arguably the most dramatic recent discovery in solar-terrestrial physics. Shortly after the first groundbased video recordings of sprites, observations o n board the Space Shuttle detected sprites and elves occurring all around the world. These reports led to detailed sprite observations in North America, South America, Australia, Japan,and Europe. Subsequently, sprites were detected from other space platf orms such as the International Space Station and the ROCSAT satellite. During the past 15 years, more than 200 contributions on sprites have been published in thescientific literature to document this rapidly evolving new research area
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Contents.Contributing Authors.Preface. Introduction to the Physics of Sprites, Elves and Intense Lightning Discharges
1.1 Rasic Properties of the Atmosphere
1.2 Risc Theory of Electrical Phenomena Occurring in the Atmosphere
1.3 The Properties of Sprites, Elves and Intense Lightning Discharges
1.4 Introduction to Theoriesand Numerical Modelling of Sprites
1.5 Conclusions. Acknowledgements. The Meteorology of Transient Luminous an Introduction and Overview
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Observations of Convective Phenomena
2.3 A Brief History of TEE Observations
2.4 Characteristics of TLE
Parent
ISBN:9781402046292
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, 1568-2609 : v225
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Electrodynamics , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402043321:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space Weather, Environment and Societies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jean Lilensten
Jean Bornarel
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Our planet exists within a space environment affected by constantly changing solar atmosphere producing cosmic particles and electromagnetic waves. This space weather profoundly influences the performance of our technologybecause we primarily use two means for transmitting information and energy namely, electromagnetic waves and electricity. On an everyday basis, we have developed methods to cope with the normal conditions. However, the sun remains afiery star whose 'angry' outbursts can potentially destroy spacecrafts, kill astronauts, melt electricity transformers, stop trains, and generally wreak havoc with human activities. Space Weather is the developing field withinastronomy that aims at predicting the suns violent activity and minimizing the i mpacts on our daily lives. Space Weather, Environment, and Societies explains why our technological societies are so dependent on solar activity and howthe Sun disturbs the transmission of information and energy. Footnotes expand specific points and the a ppendices facilitate a more thorough command of the physics involved. This beautifully illustrated book is written for astronomy andnature enthusiasts as well as for the undergraduate/graduate level readers who would like to better master the physics of n ear space
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction. Acknowledgements
The sun
The formation of the stars and the sun
The characteristics of the sun
A representation of the sun
The internal structure of the sun
The photosphere, solar radiation, the solar wind
The thermal profile of the solar atmosphere
Solar dynamics
The sun: at the source of space weather
The earth
The earth within the solar system
The internal structure of the earth: the geomagnetic field
The atmosphere of the earth
The magnetosphere
Toward a space weather
The consequences of solar agressions on our technological env
ISBN:9781402043321
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Meteorology , Astronomy , Engineering , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540345565:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos and Stability in Planetary Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rudolf Dvorak
Florian Freistetter
Jrgen Kurths
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is intended as an introduction to the field of planetary systems at the postgraduate level. It consists of four extensive lectures on Hamiltonian dynamics, celestial mechanics, the structure of extrasolar planetarysystems and the formation of planets. As such, this volume is particularly suitable for those who need to understand the substantial connections between these different topics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Orbit Dynamics, Stability and Chaos in Planetary Systems
Regular and Chaotic Motion in Hamiltonian Systems
Planet Formation
Extrasolar Planetary Systems
ISBN:9783540345565
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v683
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540323594:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy [electronic resource] : Life, Earth, and Beyond
Author(s): Axel Kleidon
Ralph D Lorenz
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biospherecouplings. Written by lea ding researchers form a wide range of background, the book proposed to give a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Entropy Production by Earth System Processes
Non
Equilibrium Thermodynamics in an Energy
Rich Universe
Stumbling Into the MEP Racket: An Historical Perspective
Maximum Entropy Production and Non
Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics
Using Ecology to Quantify Organization in Fluid Flows
Cosmological and Biological Reproducibility: Limits on the Maximum Entropy Production Principle
Entropy Production in Turbulent Mixing
Entropy Production of Atmospheric Heat Transport
Water Vapor and Entropy Production in the Earth's Atmosphere
Thermodynamics of the Ocean Circulation: A Gl
ISBN:9783540323594
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0840
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Physical geography , Meteorology , Thermodynamics , Astrobiology , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540315346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space Weather [electronic resource] : The Physics Behind a Slogan
Author(s): Klaus Scherer
Horst Fichtner
Bernd Heber
Urs Mall
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The various processes that connect the physics of the Sun with that of the Earth`s environment has become known as Space Weather during recent years, a slogan that has emerged in connection with many other expressions adaptedfrom meteorology, such as solar wind, magnetic clouds or polar rain. This volume is intended as a first graduate-level textbook-style account on the physics of these solar-terrestrial relations and their impact on our natural andtechnological environment
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Space Weather
The Sun and its Restless Magnetic Field
The Application of Radio Diagnostics to the Study of the Solar Drivers of Space Weather
Interplanetary Disturbances
The Magnetosphere
Space Weather Effects in the Upper Atmosphere: Low and Middle Latitudes
Space Weather Effects in the Upper Atmosphere: High Latitudes
Space Weather Effects on Technology
Radiation Risks From Space
Index
ISBN:9783540315346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v656
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540275107:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun, Solar Analogs and the Climate [electronic resource] Saas-Fee Advanced Course 34 2004 Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy
Author(s): Joanna Dorothy Haigh
Mark S Giampapa
Michael Lockwood
Isabelle Redi
Werner Schmutz
Manuel Gdel
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the lectures notes of the 34th Saas-Fee Advanced Course The Sun, Solar Analogs and the Climate given by leading scientists in the field. Emphasis is on the observed variability of the Sun and the presentunderstanding of the variabi litys origin as well as its impact on the Earth's climate. The solar variability is then studied in the broader context of solar-type stars, allowing for better understanding of the solar-activity cycleand the magnetic activity in general. This book provi des an accessible and up-to-date introduction to the field for graduate students and serves as modern source of reference for active researchers in this field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Earth's Climate and its Response to Solar Variability: The Climate System
Atmospheric Dynamics, Modes of Variability and Climate Modelling
Climate Records
Radiative Processes in the Atmosphere
The Greenhouse Effect and Radiative Forcing of Climate Change
Clouds
Atmospheric Photochemistry
Response of Climate to Variations in Solar Irradiance
The Earth's Electric Field and Ionisation of the Atmosphere
Conclusions
Solar Outputs, Their Variations and Their Effects on Earth: Introduction to the Sun and the Solar Activity Cycle
Fundamental Plasma Physics of the S
ISBN:9783540275107
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Saas-Fee Advanced Courses : v34
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Meteorology , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540273219:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Dust to Stars [electronic resource] : Studies of the Formation and Early Evolution of Stars
Author(s): Norbert S Schulz
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Studies of stellar formation in galaxies have a profound impact on our understanding of the present and the early universe. The book describes complex physical processes involved in the creation of stars and during their younglives. It illustrates ho w these processes reveal themselves from radio wavelengths to high energy X-rays and gamma -rays, with special reference towards high energy signatures. Several sections devoted to key analysis techniquesdemonstrate how modern research in this field is pu rsued
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:About the Book
Historical Background
Studies of Interstellar Matter
Molecular Clouds and Cores
Concepts of Stellar Collapse
Evolution of Young Stellar Objects
Accretion Phenomena and Magnetic Activity in YSOs
High
energy Signatures in YSOs
Star
forming Regions
Proto
solar Systems and the Sun
ISBN:9783540273219
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books, Astronomy and Planetary Sciences
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402045820:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Outer Magnetospheric Boundaries: Cluster Results [electronic resource]
Author(s): G Paschmann
S. J Schwartz
C. P Escoubet
S Haaland
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:When the stream of plasma emitted from the Sun (the solar wind) encounters Earth's magnetic field, it slows down and flows around it, leaving behind a cavity, the magnetosphere. The magnetopause is the surface that separates thesolar wind on the outs ide from the Earth's magnetic field on the inside. Because the solar wind moves at supersonic speed, a bow shock must form ahead of the magnetopause that acts to slow the solar wind to subsonic speeds.Magnetopause, bow shock and their environs are rich in exciting processes in collisionless plasmas, such as shock formation, magnetic reconnection, particle acceleration and wave-particle interactions. They are interesting in their ownright, as part of Earth's environment, but also because they are prototype s of similar structures and phenomena that are ubiquitous in the universe, having the unique advantage that they are accessible to in situ measurements. Theboundaries of the magnetosphere have been the target of direct in-situ measurements since the begin ning of the space age. But because they are constantly moving, changing their orientation, and undergoing evolution, the interpretationof single-spacecraft measurements has been plagued by the fundamental inability of a single observer to unambiguously di stinguish spatial from temporal changes. The boundaries are thus a prime target for the study by a closely spacedfleet of spacecraft. Thus the Cluster mission, with its four spacecraft in a three-dimensional configuration at variable separation distances, represents a giant step forward. The present 20th volume of the ISSI Space Science Seriesrepresents the first synthesis of the exciting new results obtained in the first few years of the Cluster mission
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Solar wind, foreshock, magnetosheath
The near
earth solar wind
The foreshock
The Magnetosheath
The bow shock
Cluster at the bow shock: Introduction
. QI Shock structure and processes
QII Shock structure and processes
Cluster at the bow shock: Status and outlook
Magnetopause and cusp
Magnetopause and boundary layer
Cluster at the magnetospheric cusps
Magnetopause processes
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Author Affiliations and addresses
ISBN:9781402045820
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI, 1385-7525 : v20
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402036057:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Magnetospheric Cusps: Structure and Dynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Theodore A Fritz
Shing F Fung
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This collection of papers will address the question What is the Magnetospheric Cusp? and what is its role in the coupling of the solar wind to the magnetosphere as well as its role in the processes of particle transport andenergization within the mag netosphere. The cusps have traditionally been described as narrow funnel-shaped regions that provide a focus of the Chapman-Ferraro currents that flow on the magnetopause, a boundary between the cavitydominated by the geomagnetic field (i.e., the magnetos phere) and the external region of the interplanetary medium. Measurements from a number of recent satellite programs have shown that the cusp is not confined to a narrow region nearlocal noon but appears to encompass a large portion of the dayside high-la titude magnetosphere and it appears that the cusp is a major source region for the production of energetic charged particles for the magnetosphere. Audience:This book will be of interest to space science research organizations in governments and industrie s, the community of Space Physics scientists and university departments of physics, astronomy, space physics, and geophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402036057
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387331850:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Future Satellite Gravimetry and Earth Dynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jakob Flury
Reiner Rummel
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Currently, a first generation of dedicated satellite missions for the precise mapping of the Earths gravity field is in orbit (CHAMP, GRACE, and soon GOCE). The gravity data from these satellite missions provide us with verynew information on the dyn amics of planet Earth. In particular, on the mass distribution in the Earths interior, the entire water cycle (ocean circulation, ice mass balance, continental water masses, and atmosphere), and on changesin the mass distribution. The results are fascinat ing, but still rough with respect to spatial and temporal resolution. Technical progress in satellite-to-satellite tracking and in gravity gradiometry will allow more detailed resultsin the future. In this special issue, Earth scientists develop visions o f future applications based on follow-on high-precision satellite gravimetry missions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geoid And Gravity In Earth Sciences An Overview
Future Satellite Gravimetry For Geodesy
Challenges From Solid Earth Dynamics For Satellite Gravity Field Missions In The Post
Goce Era
Time Variation In Hydrology And Gravity
Future Gravity Missions And Quasi
Steady Ocean Circulation
Future Benefits Of Time
Varying Gravity Missions To Ocean Circulation Studies
Ice Mass Balance And Ice Dynamics From Satellite Gravity Missions
Benefits To Studies Of Global Sea Level Changes From Future Space Gravity Missions
Gravity And Topography Of Moon And Planets
Science Requireme
ISBN:9780387331850
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387251011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lidar [electronic resource] : Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere
Author(s): Claus Weitkamp
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Written by leading experts in optical radar, or lidar, this book brings all the recent practices up-to-date and covers a multitude of applications, from atmospheric sciences to environmental protection. Its broadcross-disciplinary scope should appeal to both the experienced scientist and the novice in the field. The Foreword is by one of the early pioneers in the area, Herbert Walther
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387251011
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v102
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical optics , Physical geography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9789400936997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geostatistics for Natural Resources Characterization Part 1
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (585 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3699-7
Contents:Variogram -- Improving the Estimation and Modelling of the Variogram -- Towards Resistant Geostatistics -- Statistical Inference of the Semivariogram and the Quadratic Model -- Use of the Jackknife Method to Estimate Autocorrelation
Functions (or Variograms) -- Computing Variograms in Folded Strata-Controlled Deposits -- The Variogram and Kriging: Robust and Resistant Estimators -- The Variogram and its Estimation -- Inference for Spatial Autocorrelation Functions
-- Precision of Global Estimation -- Precision of Estimation of Recoverable Reserves: The Notion of Conditional Estimation Variance -- Estimation Variance of Global Recoverable Reserve Estimates -- Combining Local Kriging Variances for
Short-Term Mine Planning -- Application of a Geostatistical Method to Quantitatively Define Various Categories of Resources -- Kriging -- Conditional Bias in Kriging and a Suggested Correction -- Positive Kriging -- Correcting
Conditional Bias -- mAD and Conditional Quantile Estimators -- Kriging Seismic Data in Presence of Faults -- Co-Kriging — New Developments -- Indicator Kriging -- The Place of Non-Parametric Geostatistics -- Indicator Kriging as
Applied to an Alluvial Gold Deposit -- Estimating Local Recoverable Reserves Via Indicator Kriging -- Conditional Recovery Estimation Through Probability Kriging — Theory and Practice -- Recoverable Reserves -- Recovery Estimation: A
Review of Models and Methods -- The Selectivity of the Distributions and “The Second Principle of Geostatistics” -- Local Estimation of the Recoverable Reserves: Comparing Various Methods with the Reality on a Porphyry Copper Deposit
-- Isofactorial Models and Change of Support -- Geostatistical Application in Tabular Style Lead-Zinc Ore at Pine Point Canada -- Local Estimation of the Block Recovery Functions -- The Block Distribution Given a Point Multivariate
Normal Distribution -- Spectral Analysis and Data Analysis -- Three-Dimensional, Frequency-Domain Simulations of Geological Variables -- Factorial Kriging Analysis: A Substitute to Spectral Analysis of Magnetic Data -- The Factorial
Kriging Analysis of Regionalized Data. Its Application to Geochemical Prospecting -- The Analysis of Second-Order Stationary Processes: Time Series Analysis, Spectral Analysis, Harmonic Analysis, and Geostatistics
ISBN:9789400936997
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Geography , Science , Physical geography , Geography , World Regional Geography (Continents, Countries, Regions) , Science, general
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Location: ONLINE

Cover
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Call number:G1021.N38::2011 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atlas of the world
Author(s): National Geographic Maps (Firm)
Date:2011
Publisher:Washington, D.C. : National Geographic Society
Note:9th ed
ISBN:9781426206320
Corp. Author:National Geographic Maps (Firm)
Keywords: Atlases. , Physical geography Maps.
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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Location: ATLAS DISPLAY

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