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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD PHYSICISTS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/23641.10 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword physicists ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789814566414:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Differential geometry for physicists and mathematicians: Moving frames and differential forms from Euclid past Riemann
Author(s): Jose G. Vargas
Date:2014
Publisher:New Jersey: World Scientific
Size:1 online resource
ISBN:9789814566391
Keywords: Mathematical physics. , Geometry, Differential.
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Call number:9783319652719:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum sense and nonsense
Author(s): Jean Bricmont
Date:2017
Publisher:Springer
Size:286 p
Contents:What are the issues raised by quantum mechanics -- The first mystery: interference -- Philosphical intermezzo I: what is determinism -- How do physicists deal with interference -- Schrodinger's cat and hidden variables -- Philosophical intermezzo II: what is wrong with observations -- The second mystery: nonlocality -- How to do The Impossible, a quantum mechanics with observers: the de-Broglie-Bohm theory -- Many worlds -- A revised history of quantum mechanics -- The cultural impact of quantum mechanics -- Summary of the main theses of this book
ISBN:9783319652719
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Quantum physics
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Call number:9783319488646:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time Machine Tales The Science Fiction Adventures and Philosophical Puzzles of Time Travel
Author(s): Paul J Nahin
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XLIX, 383 p. 53 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Some First Words -- Introduction -- A Broad Look At Time Travel -- Philosophical Space and Time -- The Physics of Time Travel —Part I.-Philosophers, Physicists, and the Time Travel Paradoxes -- Communication With the Past -- The
Physics of Time Travel —Part II -- Epilogue -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- Glossary -- Index.
ISBN:9783319488646
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Popular works , Philosophy and science , Gravitation , Physics , Philosophy , Popular Science , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Science in Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:9781107337879:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science and human experience: values, culture and the mind
Author(s): Leon N. Cooper
Date:2014
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource (246 p)
Note:unlimited users
Contents:Part One. Science and Society: 1. Science and human experience, 2. Does science undermine our values?, 3. Can science serve mankind?, 4. Modern science and contemporary discomfort: metaphor and reality, 5. Faith and science, 6. Art and science, 7. F raud in science, 8. Why study science? The keys to the cathedral, 9. Is evolution a theory? A modest proposal, 10. The silence of the second, 11. Introduction to Copenhagen, 12. The unpaid debt -- Part Two. Thought and Consciousness: 13. Source and limits of human intellect, 14. Neural networks, 15. Thought and mental experience: the Turing test, 16. Mind as machine: will we rubbish human experience?, 17. Memory and memories: a physicist's approach to the brain, 18. On the problem of consciousness -- Part Three. On the Nature and Limits of Science: 19. What is a good theory?, 20. Shall we deconstruct science?, 21. Visible and invisible in physical theory, 22. Experience and order, 23. The language of physics, 24. The structure of space, 25. Superconductiv ity and other insoluble problems, 26. From gravity and light to consciousness: does science have limits?
ISBN:9781107043176
Series:eBooks
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Keywords: Science, Social aspects
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Call number:9780674735934:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science policy up close
Author(s): John H. Marburger III
Date:2015
Publisher:Harvard University Press
Size:1 online resource (viii, 247 pages) p
Contents:The Shoreham Commission -- The superconducting supercollider and the collider decade -- Managing a national laboratory -- Presidential science advisor I: advice and advocacy in Washington -- Presidential science advisor II: measuring and prioritizin g -- The science and art of science policy
ISBN:9780674735934
Keywords: Business & economics , Physicists , Science and state , Science consultants , Science
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Call number:3527405488:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Tools for Physicists
Author(s): Trigg
Date:2005
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (687 p.)
ISBN:9783527405480
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:3527314105:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Chemistry of Solid State Materials - A Guide for Materials Scientists, Chemists, Physicists and Others
Author(s): Dronskowski
Date:2006
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (301 p.)
ISBN:9783527314102
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Materials Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319316116:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability for Physicists
Author(s): Simon Sirca
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (29 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31611-6
Contents:Basic Terminology -- Probability Distributions -- Special Continuous Probability Distributions -- Expected Values -- Special Discrete Probability Distributions -- Convolution -- Samples -- Estimation of Parameters and Statistical
Tests -- Regression -- Entropy -- Markov Processes -- Generation of Pseudorandom Numbers -- Monte Carlo Method -- Stochastic Population Modeling
ISBN:9783319316116
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mathematical physics , Probabilities , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319258898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics
Author(s): Jean Bricmont
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (25 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25889-8
Contents:Physicists in Wonderland -- The First Mystery: Interference and Superpositions -- “Philosophical” Intermezzo -- The Second Mystery: Nonlocality -- The de Broglie-Bohm Theory -- Are There any Alternative Theories? -- Revisiting the
History of Quantum Mechanics -- Quantum Mechanics and Our Culture
ISBN:9783319258898
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401789691:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Properties of Solids at Room and Cryogenic Temperatures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Guglielmo Ventura
Mauro Perfetti
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a guide for materials scientists, physicists, chemists and engineers who wish toexplore the field of low-temperature material properties. The focus is on heat capacity, thermal expansion and electrical and thermalconductivity. The author s report a wide range of experimental details and data, and have compiled useful tables of low-temperature data. Each chapter of the book starts by addressing the theoretical basis of the phenomena. This is aconcise presentation, but it helps the reader t o develop a deeper understanding of the experiments. The second part of the chapters is dedicated to describing the main experimental techniques to measure thermal properties at low andvery low temperature ranges. The final part of each chapter provides a wealth of relevant experimental data in the form of tables and graphs
Contents:Preface
Dedication
Part I
1 Heat Capacity
2 How to Measure Heat Capacity at Low Temperatures
3 Data of Specific Heat
Part II
4 Thermal Expansion
5 How to Measure Thermal Expansion Coefficient at Low Temperatures
6 Data of Thermal Expansion
Part III
7 Electrical and Thermal conductivity
8 How to Measure Thermal Conductivity
10 Data of Thermal Conductivity
ISBN:9789401789691
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:International Cryogenics Monograph Series, 0538-7051
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401787048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Phenomena in Complex Systems: From Nano to Macro Scale [electronic resource]
Author(s): Davron Matrasulov
H. Eugene Stanley
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Topics of complex system physics and their interdisciplinary applications to different problems in seismology, biology, economy, sociology, energy and nanotechnology are covered in this new work from renowned experts in theirfields. In particular, co ntributed papers contain original results on network science, earthquake dynamics, econophysics, sociophysics, nanoscience and biological physics. Most of the papers use interdisciplinary approaches basedon statistical physics, quantum physics and other t opics of complex system physics. Papers on econophysics and sociophysics are focussed on societal aspects of physics such as, opinion dynamics, public debates and financial andeconomic stability. This work will be of interest to statistical physicists, ec onomists, biologists, seismologists and all scientists working in interdisciplinary topics of complexity
Contents:1. Complexity in Earthquake Dynamics
Geosystemics, Entropy and Criticality of Earthquakes: a Vision of our Planet and a Key of Access
Aftershock Cascade of the 3.11 Earthquake (2011) in Fukushima
Miyagi Area
2. Socio
, Econo
and Biophysics
Is it Necessary to lie to win a Controversial Public Debate? An Answer from Sociophysics
Anticipating Stock Market Movements with Google and Wikipedia
Nonequilibrium Quantum Dynamics of Biomolecular Excitons
Fractal Dimensions and Entropies of Meragi Songs
3. Network Dynamics in Macroscale Systems
Large
Scale Connectivity vs. Spre
ISBN:9789401787048
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, 1874-6519
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9788132218357:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A First Course in Ordinary Differential Equations [electronic resource] : Analytical and Numerical Methods
Author(s): Martin Hermann
Masoud Saravi
Date:2014
Publisher:New Delhi : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents a modern introduction to analytical and numerical techniques for solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Contrary to the traditional formatthe theorem-and-proof formatthe book is focusing onanalytical and numerical methods. The book supplies a variety of problems and examples, ranging from the elementary to the advanced level, to introduce and study the mathematics of ODEs. The analytical part of the book deals withsolution techniques for scalar first-order and second-order linear ODEs, and systems of linear ODEswith a special focus on the Laplace transform, operator techniques and power series solutions. In the numerical part, theoretical andpractical aspects of Runge-Kutta methods for solving initial-value problems and sh ooting methods for linear two-point boundary-value problems are considered. The book is intended as a primary text for courses on the theory of ODEs andnumerical treatment of ODEs for advanced undergraduate and early graduate students. It is assumed that the reader has a basic grasp of elementary calculus, in particular methods of integration, and of numerical analysis. Physicists,chemists, biologists, computer scientists and engineers whose work involves solving ODEs will also find the book useful as a r eference work and tool for independent study. The book has been prepared within the framework of aGermanIranian research project on mathematical methods for ODEs, which was started in early 2012
Contents:Chapter 1. Basic Concepts of Differential Equations
Chapter 2. First
Order Differential Equations
Chapter 3. Second
Order Differential Equations
Chapter 4. Laplace Transforms
Chapter 5. System of Linear Differential Equations
Chapter 6. Power Series Solutions
Chapter 7. Numerical Methods for Initial Value Problems
Chapter 8. Shooting Methods for Linear Boundary
Appendix A. Power Series
Appendix B. Some elementary integration formulae
Appendix C. Table of Laplacetransforms.
ISBN:9788132218357
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Numerical analysis , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642541247:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Interactive Study Guide
Author(s): Klaus Weltner
Sebastian John
Wolfgang J Weber
Peter Schuster
Jean Grosjean
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook offers an accessible and highly approved approach which is characterized by the combination of the textbook with a detailed study guide available online at our repository extras.springer.com. This study guide dividesthe whole learning t ask into small units which the student is very likely to master successfully. Thus he or she is asked to read and study a limited section of the textbook and to return to the study guide afterwards. Working with thestudy guide his or her learning results are controlled, monitored and deepened by graded questions, exercises, repetitions and finally by problems and applications of the content studied. Since the degree of difficulties is slowlyrising the students gain confidence and experience their own prog ress in mathematical competence thus fostering motivation. Furthermore in case of learning difficulties he or she is given supplementary explanations and in case ofindividual needs supplementary exercises and applications. So the sequence of the studies i s individualized according to the individual performance and needs and can be regarded as full tutorial course. The study guide satisfies twoobjectives simultaneously: firstly it enables students to make effective use of the textbook and secondly it offer s advice on the improvement of study skills. Empirical studies have shown that the student's competence for using writteninformation has improved significantly by using this study guide. The new edition includes a new chapter on Fourier integrals and Four ier transforms, numerous sections had been updated, 30 new problems with solutions had been added.The interactive study guide has seen a substantial update
Contents:From the Contents: Vector Algebra I: Scalars and Vectors
Vector Algebra II: Scalar and Vector Products
Functions
Exponential, Logarithmic and Hyperbolic Functions
Differential Calculus
Integral Calculus
Applications of Integration
Taylor Series and Power Series
Complex Numbers
Differential Equations
Laplace Transforms
Functions of Several Variables Partial Differentiation and Total Differentiation
Multiple Integrals Coordinate Systems
Transformation of Coordinates Matrices
Sets of Linear Equations Determinanats
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of R
ISBN:9783642541247
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Mathematical physics , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642367113:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermodynamics [electronic resource] : For Physicists, Chemists and Materials Scientists
Author(s): Reinhard Hentschke
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Thermodynamics is the foundation of many-body physics and thus of physical chemistry and material science as well. Today new sources of useful energy, energy storage, transport and conversion, requiring development of noveltechnology, are of rapidly increasing importance. This development strongly affects modern industry. Thus thermodynamics will have to be given more prominence in the science curriculum in colleges and universities - something that isattempted in this book. The structure of this tex t is simple and transparent, enabling the easy mapping of the text onto a one-semester course syllabus and the attendant study. There are 8 chapters total and one three-part appendix.Throughout the text the student finds numerous examples (solved problems ) reaching from cosmic to molecular evolution or from cloud formation to Bose condensation
Contents:Two Fundamental Laws of Nature
Thermodynamic Functions
Equilibrium and Stability
Simple Phase Diagrams
Microscopic Interactions
Thermodynamics and Molecular Simulation
Non
equilibrium Thermodynamics
ISBN:9783642367113
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Thermodynamics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319078427:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability on Compact Lie Groups [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Applebaum
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Probability theory on compact Lie groups deals with the interaction between chance and symmetry, a beautiful area of mathematics of great interest in its own sake but which is now also finding increasing applicationsin statistics and engineering (par ticularly with respect to signal processing). The author gives a comprehensive introduction to some of the principle areas of study, with an emphasis on applicability. The most important topicspresented are: the study of measures via the non-commutative F ourier transform, existence and regularity of densities, properties of random walks and convolution semigroups of measures, and the statistical problem of deconvolution. Theemphasis on compact (rather than general) Lie groups helps readers to get acquaint ed with what is widely seen as a difficult field but which is also justified by the wealth of interesting results at this level and the importance ofthese groups for applications. The book is primarily aimed at researchers working in probability, stochast ic analysis and harmonic analysis on groups. It will also be of interest to mathematicians working in Lie theory and physicists,statisticians and engineers who are working on related applications. A background in first year graduate level measure theoreti c probability and functional analysis is essential a background in Lie groups and representation theory iscertainly helpful but the first two chapters also offer orientation in these subjects
Contents:Introduction
1.Lie Groups
2.Representations, Peter
Weyl Theory and Weights
3.Analysis on Compact Lie Groups
4.Probability Measures on Compact Lie Groups
5.Convolution Semigroups of Measures
6.Deconvolution Density Estimation
Appendices
Index
Bibliography
ISBN:9783319078427
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling, 2199-3130 : v70
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Topological Groups , Harmonic analysis , Fourier analysis , Functional analysis , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319066899:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemical Kinetics, Stochastic Processes, and Irreversible Thermodynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Moiss Santilln
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book brings theories in nonlinear dynamics, stochastic processes, irreversible thermodynamics, physical chemistry, and biochemistry together in an introductory but formal and comprehensive manner. Coupled with examples, thetheories are developed stepwise, starting with the simplest concepts and building upon them into a more general framework. Furthermore, each new mathematical derivation is immediately applied to one or more biological systems. Thelast chapters focus on applying mathematical an d physical techniques to study systems such as: gene regulatory networks and ion channels. The target audience of this book are mainly final year undergraduate and graduate students with asolid mathematical background (physicists, mathematicians, and engi neers), as well as with basic notions of biochemistry and cellular biology. This book can also be useful to students with a biological background who are interestedin mathematical modeling, and have a working knowledge of calculus, differential equations, and a basic understanding of probability theory
Contents:Brief Introduction to Chemical Kinetics
Brief Introduction to Thermodynamics
Different Approaches to Analyzing a Simple Chemical Reaction
Molecule Synthesis and Degradation
Enzymatic Reactions
Receltor
Ligand Interaction
Cooperativity
Gene Expression and Regulation
Ion Channel Dynamics and Ion Transport Across Memberanes
References
Index
ISBN:9783319066899
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes on Mathematical Modelling in the Life Sciences, 2193-4789
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319062303:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spectral Methods for Non-Standard Eigenvalue Problems [electronic resource] : Fluid and Structural Mechanics and Beyond
Author(s): Clin-Ioan Gheorghiu
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book focuses on the constructive and practical aspects of spectral methods. It rigorously examines the most important qualities as well as drawbacks of spectral methods in the context of numerical methods devoted to solvenon-standard eigenvalue problems. In addition, the book also considers some nonlinear singularly perturbed boundary value problems along with eigenproblems obtained by their linearization around constant solutions. The book ismathematical, poising problems in their proper functi on spaces, but its emphasis is on algorithms and practical difficulties. The range of applications is quite large. High order eigenvalue problems are frequently beset with numericalill conditioning problems. The book describes a wide variety of successful modifications to standard algorithms that greatly mitigate these problems. In addition, the book makes heavy use of the concept of pseudospectrum, which ishighly relevant to understanding when disaster is imminent in solving eigenvalue problems. It also envisions two classes of applications, the stability of some elastic structures and the hydrodynamic stability of some parallel shearflows. This book is an ideal reference text for professionals (researchers) in applied mathematics, computational physics and engineering. It will be very useful to numerically sophisticated engineers, physicists and chemists. The bookcan also be used as a textbook in review courses such as numerical analysis, computational methods in various engineering branches or physics and computational methods in analysis
Contents:1 General Formulation of Spectral Approximation
2 Tau and Galerkin Methods for Fourth Order GEPs
3 The Chebyshev Collocation Method
4 The Laguerre Collocation Method
5 Conclusions and Further Developments
Appendix: Algebraic Two
Parameter Eigenvalue Problems
Index
ISBN:9783319062303
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319060743:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Analysis and Applied Optimization in Banach Spaces [electronic resource] : Applications to Non-Convex Variational Models
Author(s): Fabio Botelho
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book introduces the basic concepts of real and functional analysis. It presents the fundamentals of the calculus of variations, convex analysis, duality, and optimization that are necessary to develop applications to physicsand engineering probl ems. The book includes introductory and advanced concepts in measure and integration, as well as an introduction to Sobolev spaces. The problems presented are nonlinear, with non-convex variational formulation.Notably, the primal global minima may not be attained in some situations, in which cases the solution of the dual problem corresponds to an appropriate weak cluster point of minimizing sequences for the primal one. Indeed, the dualapproach more readily facilitates numerical computations for some of the selected models. While intended primarily for applied mathematicians, the text will also be of interest to engineers, physicists, and other researchers in relatedfields
Contents:1. Topological Vector Spaces
2. The Hahn
Bananch Theorems and Weak Topologies
3. Topics on Linear Operators
4.Basic Results on Measure and Integration
5. The Lebesgue Measure in Rn
6. Other Topics in Measure and Integration
7. Distributions
8. The Lebesque and Sobolev Spaces
9. Basic Concepts on the Calculus of Variations
10. Basic Concepts on Convex Analysis
11. Constrained Variational Analysis
12. Duality Applied to Elasticity
13. Duality Applied to a Plate Model
14. About Ginzburg
Landau Type Equations: The Simpler Real Case
15. Full Complex Ginzb
ISBN:9783319060743
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Functional analysis , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319057231:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Invariant Probabilities of Transition Functions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Radu Zaharopol
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The structure of the set of all the invariant probabilities and the structure of various types of individual invariant probabilities of a transition function are two topics of significant interest in the theory of transitionfunctions, and are studied in this book. The results obtained are useful in ergodic theory and the theory of dynamical systems, which, in turn, can be applied in various other areas (like number theory). They are illustrated usingtransition functions defined by flows, semiflows, a nd one-parameter convolution semigroups of probability measures. In this book, all results on transition probabilities that have been published by the author between 2004 and 2008 areextended to transition functions. The proofs of the results obtained are new. For transition functions that satisfy very general conditions the book describes an ergodic decomposition that provides relevant information on the structureof the corresponding set of invariant probabilities. Ergodic decomposition means a splitting of the state space, where the invariant ergodic probability measures play a significant role. Other topics covered include: characterizationsof the supports of various types of invariant probability measures and the use of these to obtain criteria for un ique ergodicity, and the proofs of two mean ergodic theorems for a certain type of transition functions. The book will beof interest to mathematicians working in ergodic theory, dynamical systems, or the theory of Markov processes. Biologists, physicists and economists interested in interacting particle systems and rigorous mathematics will also findthis book a valuable resource. Parts of it are suitable for advanced graduate courses. Prerequisites are basic notions and results on functional analysis, gen eral topology, measure theory, the Bochner integral and some of itsapplications
Contents:Introduction
1.Transition Probabilities
2.Transition Functions
3.Vector Integrals and A.E. Convergence
4.Special Topics
5.The KBBY Ergodic Decomposition, Part I
6.The KBBY Ergodic Decomposition, Part II
7.Feller Transition Functions
Appendices: A.Semiflows and Flows: Introduction
B.Measures and Convolutions
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783319057231
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Probability and Its Applications, 1431-7028
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Operator theory , Potential theory (Mathematics) , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319045641:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards the Mathematics of Quantum Field Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frdric Paugam
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The aim of this book is to introduce mathematicians (and, in particular, graduate students) to the mathematical methods of theoretical and experimental quantum field theory, with an emphasis on coordinate-free presentations of themathematical objects in play. This should in turn promote interaction between mathematicians and physicists by supplying a common and flexible language for the good of both communities, even if the mathematical one is the primarytarget. This reference work provides a coheren t and complete mathematical toolbox for classical and quantum field theory, based on categorical and homotopical methods, representing an original contribution to the literature. The firstpart of the book introduces the mathematical methods needed to work with the physicists' spaces of fields, including parameterized and functional differential geometry, functorial analysis, and the homotopical geometric theory ofnon-linear partial differential equations, with applications to general gauge theories. The s econd part presents a large family of examples of classical field theories, both from experimental and theoretical physics, while the thirdpart provides an introduction to quantum field theory, presents various renormalization methods, and discusses the q uantization of factorization algebras. The book is primarily intended for pure mathematicians (and in particulargraduate students) who would like to learn about the mathematics of quantum field theory
Contents:Introduction
Mathematical Preliminaries
Classical Trajectories and Fields
Quantum Trajectories and Fields
Appendices
ISBN:9783319045641
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer Grenzgebiete. 3. Folge / A Series of Modern Surveys in Mathematics, 0071-1136 : v59
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algebra , Algebraic topology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319040639:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Information and Coherence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Erika Andersson
Patrik hberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This bookoffers an introduction toten key topics in quantum information science and quantum coherent phenomena, aimed at graduate-student level. The chapters cover some of the most recent developments in this dynamic researchfield where theoretical a nd experimental physics, combined with computer science, provide a fascinating arena for groundbreaking new concepts in information processing. The bookaddresses both the theoretical and experimental aspectsof the subject, and clearly demonstrates how pro gress in experimental techniques has stimulated a great deal of theoretical effort and vice versa.Experiments are shifting from simply preparing and measuring quantum states tocontrolling and manipulating them, and the book outlines how the first real app lications, notably quantum key distribution for secure communication, are starting to emerge. The chapters cover quantum retrodiction, ultracold quantumgases in optical lattices, optomechanics, quantum algorithms, quantum key distribution, quantum control based on measurement, orbital angular momentum of light, entanglement theory, trapped ions and quantum metrology, and open quantumsystems subject to decoherence. The contributing authors have been chosen not just on the basis of their scientific expertis e, but also because of their ability to offer pedagogical and well-written contributions which will be ofinterest to students and established researchers
Contents:Quantum Retrodiction
Probling and Controlling Quantum Matter Using Ultracold Quantum Gases in Optical Lattices
Towards Macroscopic Superpositions via Single
Photon Optomechanics
An Introduction to Quantum Algorithms: A Physicist's Perspective
Quantum Key Distribution
Quantum Control Based On Measurement
Orbital Angular Momentum: Testbed for Quantum Mechanics
An Introduction to Entanglement Theory
An Introduction to Trapped Ions, Scalability and Quantum Metrology
Open Quantum Systems and Decoherence
ISBN:9783319040639
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Scottish Graduate Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319038049:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Models and Methods for Plasma Physics, Volume 1 [electronic resource] : Fluid Models
Author(s): Rmi Sentis
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph is dedicated to the derivation and analysis of fluid models occurring in plasma physics. It focuses on models involving quasi-neutrality approximation, problems related to laser propagation in a plasma, and couplingplasma waves and ele ctromagnetic waves. Applied mathematicians will find a stimulating introduction to the world of plasma physics and a few open problems that are mathematically rich. Physicists who may be overwhelmed by the abundanceof models and uncertain of their underly ing assumptions will find basic mathematical properties of the related systems of partial differential equations. A planned second volume will be devoted to kinetic models. First and foremost, this book mathematically derives certain common fluid models from more general models. Although some of these derivations may be well known tophysicists, it is important to highlight the assumptions underlying the derivations and to realize that some seemingly simple approximations turn out to be more complicated t han they look. Such approximations are justified usingasymptotic analysis wherever possible. Furthermore, efficient simulations of multi-dimensional models require precise statements of the related systems of partial differential equations along with appr opriate boundary conditions. Somemathematical properties of these systems are presented which offer hints to those using numerical methods, although numerics is not the primary focus of the book
Contents:Chapter 1. Introduction. Some Plasma characteristic quantities
Chapter 2. Quasi
neutrality. Magneto
hydrodynamics
Chapter 3. Laser propagation. Coupling with ion acoustic waves
Chapter 4. Langmuir waves and Zakharov equations
Chapter 5. Coupling electron waves and laser waves
Chapter 6. Models with several species
Appendix
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783319038049
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2164-3679
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media [electronic resource]
Author(s): Allen Hunt
Robert Ewing
Behzad Ghanbarian
Date:2014
Edition:3rd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph presents, for the first time, a unified and comprehensive introduction to some of the basic transport properties of porous media, such as electrical and hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and diffusion. Theapproach is based on cr itical path analysis and the scaling of transport properties, which are individually described as functions of saturation. At the same time, the book supplies a tutorial on percolation theory for hydrologists,providing them with the tools for solving actu al problems. In turn, a separate chapter serves to introduce physicists to some of the language and complications of groundwater hydrology necessary for successful modeling. Theend-of-chapter problems often indicate open questions, which young researchers entering the field can readily start working on. This significantly revised and expanded third edition includes in particular two new chapters: one onadvanced fractal-based models, and one devoted to the discussion of various open issues such as the role of diffusion vs. advection, preferential flow vs. critical path, universal vs. non-universal exponents for conduction, and lastbut not least, the overall influence of the experimental apparatus in data collection and theory validation. The book is suitab le for advanced graduate courses, with selected problems and questions appearing at the end of eachchapter. [...] I think the book is an important work that will guide soil scientists, hydrologists, and physicists to gain a better qualitative and quantita tive understanding of multitransport properties of soils. (Marcel G. Schaap,Soil Science Society of America Journal, May-June, 2006)
Contents:Percolation Theory: Topology and Structure
Properties Relevant for Transport and Transport Applications
Porous Media Primer for Physicists
Fractal Models of Porous Media
Specific Examples of Critical Path Analysis
Hydraulic and Electrical Conductivity: Conductivity Exponents and Critical Path Analysis
Other Transport Properties of Porous Media
Pressure Saturation Curves and the Critical Volume Fraction for Percolation: Accessibility Function of Percolation Theory
Applications of the Correlation Length: Scale Effects on Flow
Applications of the Cluster Statistics
Pro
ISBN:9783319037714
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v880
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319018904:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetic Stochasticity in Magnetically Confined Fusion Plasmas [electronic resource] : Chaos of Field Lines and Charged Particle Dynamics
Author(s): Sadrilla Abdullaev
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the first book to systematically consider the modern aspects of chaotic dynamics of magnetic field lines and charged particles in magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The analytical models describing the genericfeatures of equilibrium magnet ic fields and magnetic perturbations in modern fusion devices are presented. It describes mathematical and physical aspects of onset of chaos, generic properties of the structure of stochastic magneticfields, transport of charged particles in tokamaks ind uced by magnetic perturbations, new aspects of particle turbulent transport, etc. The presentation is based on the classical and new unique mathematical tools of Hamiltoniandynamics, like the action--angle formalism, classical perturbation theory, canonic al transformations of variables, symplectic mappings, the Poincar-Melnikov integrals. They are extensively used for analytical studies as well as fornumerical simulations of magnetic field lines, particle dynamics, their spatial structures and statistical properties. The numerous references to articles on the latest development in the area are provided.The book is intended forgraduate students and researchers who interested in the modern problems of magnetic stochasticity in magnetically confined fusion p lasmas. Itis also useful for physicists and mathematicians interested in new methods of Hamiltoniandynamics and their applications
Contents:Hamiltonian Representation of Magnetic Field
Magnetic Field Structure of Equilibrium Plasmas
Magnetic Field Perturbations
Hamiltonian Equations for the Guiding Center Motion of Particles
Drift Orbits in Equilibrium Plasmas
Methods to Study the Hamiltonian Systems
Onset of Dynamical Chaos: Mathematical Aspects
Onset of Dynamical Chaos: Physical Aspects
Magnetic Field Structure Induced by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in Tokamaks
Transport of Field Lines and Particles in a Stochastic Magnetic Field
Transport of Particles in a Turbulent Field
ISBN:9783319018904
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v78
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319010779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 3 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Beck
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is today one of those domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics that faces the greatest challenges, yet also containsthe greatest opportuni ties.After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physicists has decided to collaborate in producing a comprehensive collection of lectures andtutorial reviews covering the field.Thisthird volume follows the successful Lect. Notes Phys. 818 (Vol. 1) and 848 (Vol. 2), and comprises six extensive lectures covering the following topics: - Gamma Rays and Molecular Structure- Faddeev Equation Approach for Three Cluster Nuclear Reactions - Tomog raphy of the Cluster Structure of Light Nuclei Via Relativistic Dissociation - Clustering Effects Within the Dinuclear Model : From Light to Hyper-heavy Moleculesin Dynamical Mean-field Approach - Clusterization in Ternary Fission - Clusters in Light Neut ron-rich Isotopes By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical style of presentation throughout, these lectureswill serve as both a reference and an advanced teaching manual for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics
Contents:Faddeev Equation Approach for Three Cluster Nuclear Reactions
Electromagnetic Transitions as a Probe of Nuclear Clustering
Tomography of the Cluster Structure of Light Nuclei via Relativistic Dissociation
From Light to Hyper
heavy Molecules in Dynamical Mean
field Approach
Covalent Binding on the Femtometer Scale: Nuclear Molecules
Clusterization in Ternary Fission
ISBN:9783319010779
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v875
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319008943:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Mathematica for Physicists [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrey Grozin
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Mathematica is the most widely used system for doing mathematical calculations by computer, including symbolic and numeric calculations and graphics. It is used in physics and other branches of science, in mathematics, educationand many other areas. Many important results in physics would never be obtained without a wide use of computer algebra. This book describes ideas of computer algebra and the language of the Mathematica system. It also contains a numberof examples, mainly from physics, also fro m mathematics and chemistry. After reading this book and solving problems in it, the reader will be able to use Mathematica efficiently for solving his/her own problems
Contents:Part I Lectures
Computer algebra systems
Overview of Mathematica
Expressions
Patterns and substitutions
Functions
Mathematica as a programming language
Grbner bases
Calculus
Risch algorithm
Linear algebra
Input
output and strings
Packages
Part II Computer classes
Plots
Trigonometric functions
Quantum oscillator
Spherical harmonics
Adding angular momenta in quantum mechanics
Classical nonlinear oscillator
Cyclohexane
Multi
functions
Quantum nonlinear oscillator
Riemann curvature tensor
Rainbow
Problems for students
ISBN:9783319008943
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319005997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity, Strings and Particles [electronic resource] : A Journey Into the Unknown
Author(s): Maurizio Gasperini
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:New fundamental forces of Nature? New forms of dark'' energy? Signals from epochs preceding the Big Bang? Is our space-time unique? Only a joint study of the three topics examined in this book gravity, strings and particles may provide answers to th ese questions. Such a study may also provide the key to solving one of the most fascinating mysteries of modern science, namely: Besides time and the three spatial dimensions, how many other dimensionsexist in our universe? The book is primarily addressed to readers who do not necessarily have a specific background in physics but are nevertheless interested in discovering the originality and the possible implications of some of theamazing ideas in modern theoretical physics. The emphasis is on conveying i deas rather than explaining formulas, focusing not on what is known but -- mainly -- on what is still unknown. Many parts of the book are devoted to fundamentaltheoretical models and results which are potentially highly relevant for a deeper understanding of Nature, but are still waiting to be confirmed (or disproved) by experiments. From this point of view, the material of this book mayalso be of interest to professional physicists, whether or not they work in the field of fundamental interactions
Contents:From the Contents: Prologue: inside the energy walls of our \cradle
Gravity at small distances
Gravity at large distances
Space, time and space
time
Strings and fundamental interactions
The past of our Universe
ISBN:9783319005997
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319000237:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Econophysics of Agent-Based Models [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frdric Abergel
Hideaki Aoyama
Bikas K Chakrabarti
Anirban Chakraborti
Asim Ghosh
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The primary goal of this book is to present the research findings and conclusions of physicists, economists, mathematicians and financial engineers working in the field of Econophysics who have undertaken agent-basedmodelling, comparison with empiric al studies and related investigations. Most standard economic models assume the existence of the representative agent, who is perfectly rational and applies the utility maximization principlewhen taking action. One reason for this is the desire to keep mo dels mathematically tractable: no tools are available to economists for solving non-linear models of heterogeneous adaptive agents without explicit optimization. Incontrast, multi-agent models, which originated from statistical physics considerations, all ow us to go beyond the prototype theories of traditional economics involving the representative agent. This book is based on theEconophys-Kolkata VII Workshop, at which many such modelling efforts were presented. In the book, leading researchers in their fields report on their latest work, consider recent developments and review the contemporary literature
Contents:Agent
based modeling of zapping behavior of viewers, television commercial allocation, and advertisement markets by Hiroyuki Kyan and Jun
ichi Inoue
Agent based modeling of Housing asset bubble: A simple utility function based investigation by Kausik Gangopadhyay and Kousik Guhathakurta
Urn model
based adaptive Multi
arm clinical trials: A stochastic approximation approach by Sophie Laruelle and Gilles Pags
Logistic modeling of a Religious Sect features by Marcel Ausloos
Characterizing financial crisis by means of the three states random field Ising model by Mitsuaki Murota and J
ISBN:9783319000237
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:New Economic Windows, 2039-411X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Economics , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783034806572:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to the Qualitative Theory of Differential Systems [electronic resource] : Planar, Symmetric and Continuous Piecewise Linear Systems
Author(s): Jaume Llibre
Antonio E Teruel
Date:2014
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The book deals with continuous piecewise linear differential systems in the plane with three pieces separated by a pair of parallel straight lines. These differential systems are symmetric with respect to the origin ofcoordinates. This class of syste ms, driven by concrete applications, is of interest in engineering, in particular in control theory and the design of electric circuits. By studying these particular differential systems, we willintroduce the basic tools of the qualitative theory of ordin ary differential equations, which allow us to describe the global dynamics of these systems including the dynamics at infinity. The behavior of their solutions, theirparametric stability or instability and their bifurcations are described. The book is hig hly suitable for a first course in the qualitative theory of differential equations or dynamical systems, particularly for engineers,mathematicians, and physicists
Contents:Preface
1 Introduction and statement of the main results
2 Basic elements of the qualitative theory of ODEs
3 Fundamental systems
4 Return maps
5 Phase portraits
Index
Bibliography.
ISBN:9783034806572
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Birkhuser Advanced Texts Basler Lehrbcher, 1019-6242
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential Equations , Differential equations, partial , Systems theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493904198:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ergodic Theory, Open Dynamics, and Coherent Structures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wael Bahsoun
Christopher Bose
Gary Froyland
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is comprised of selected research articles developed from a workshop onErgodic Theory, Probabilistic Methods and Applications, held in April 2012 at the BanffInternational Research Station.It contains contributionsfrom world leading experts in ergodic theory, dynamical systems, numerical analysis, fluid dynamics, and networks.The volume will serve asa valuable reference for mathematicians, physicists, engineers, physical oceanographers,atmospheric scientists, biologists, and climate scientis ts, who currently use, or wish to learn how to use, probabilistic techniques to cope with dynamical models that display open, coherent, or non-equilibrium behavior
Contents:1. Nonautonomous flows as open dynamical systems: characterising escape rates and time
varying boundaries
2. Eigenvalues of transfer operators for dynamical systems with holes
3. Periodic points, escape rates and escape measures
4. A multi
time step method to compute optical flow with scientific priors for observations of a fluidic system
5. Numerical approximation of conditionally invariant measures via maximum entropy
6. Lebesgue ergodicity of a dissipative subtractive algorithm
7. Improved estimates of survival probabilities via isospectral transformations
8. Dispersing
ISBN:9781493904198
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v70
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Mathematical optimization , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461495932:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Linear Integral Equations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rainer Kress
Date:2014
Edition:3rd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book combines theory, applications, and numerical methods, and covers each of these fields with the same weight. In order to make the book accessible to mathematicians, physicists, and engineers alike, the author has made itas self-contained as possible, requiring only a solid foundation in differential and integral calculus. The functional analysis which is necessary for an adequate treatment of the theory and the numerical solution of integral equationsis developed within the book itself. Prob lems are included at the end of each chapter. For this third edition in order to make the introduction to the basic functional analytic tools more complete the HahnBanach extensiontheorem and the Banach open mapping theorem are now included in the text. The treatment of boundary value problems in potential theory has been extended by a more complete discussion of integral equations of the first kind in theclassical Holder space setting and of both integral equations of the first and second kind in the co ntemporary Sobolev space setting. In the numerical solution part of the book, the author included a new collocation method fortwo-dimensional hypersingular boundary integral equations and a collocation method for the three-dimensional Lippmann-Schwinger e quation. The final chapter of the book on inverse boundary value problems for the Laplace equation hasbeen largely rewritten with special attention to the trilogy of decomposition, iterative and sampling methods Reviews of earlier editions: This book is an excellent introductory text for students, scientists, and engineers whowant to learn the basic theory of linear integral equations and their numerical solution. (Math. Reviews, 2000) This is a good introductory text book on linear integral equations. It contains almost all the topics necessary fora student. The presentation of the subject matter is lucid, clear and in the proper modern framework without being too abstract. (ZbM
Contents:Normed Spaces
Bounded and Compact Operators
Riesz Theory
Dual Systems and Fredholm Alternative
Regularization in Dual Systems
Potential Theory
Singular Integral Equations
Sobolev Spaces
The Heat Equation
Operator Approximations
Degenerate Kernel Approximation
Quadrature Methods
Projection Methods
Iterative Solution and Stability
Equations of the First Kind
Tikhonov Regularization
Regularization by Discretization
Inverse Boundary Value Problems
References
Index
ISBN:9781461495932
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Applied Mathematical Sciences, 0066-5452 : v82
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461492726:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Societal Issues [electronic resource] : Calculations on National Security, Environment, and Energy
Author(s): David Hafemeister
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides the reader with essential tools needed to analyze complex societal issues and demonstrates the transition from physics to modern-day laws and treaties. This second edition features new equation-orientedmaterial and extensive data s ets drawing upon current information from experts in their fields. Problems to challenge the reader and extend discussion are presented on three timely issues: National Security:Weapons, Offense, Defense, Verification, Nuclear Proliferation, Terrorism Environment: Air/Water, Nuclear, Climate Change, EM Fields/Epidemiology Energy: Current Energy Situation, Buildings, SolarBuildings, Renewable Energy, Enhanced End-Use Efficiency, Transportation, Economics Praise for the first edition: This insight is n eeded in Congress and the Executive Branch. Hafemeister, a former Congressional fellow with wideWashington experience, has written a book for physicists, chemists and engineers who want to learn science and policy on weapons, energy, and the environment. Scientists who want to make a difference will want this book. RichardScribner, first Director, Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow Program, AAAS Hafemeister shows how much one can understand about nuclear weapons and missile issues through simpl e back-of-the-envelope calculations. He alsoprovides compact explanations of the partially successful attempts that have been made over the past 60 years to control these weapons of mass destruction. Hopefully, Physics of Societal Issues will help interes t a new generation ofphysicists in continuing this work. Frank von Hippel, Professor, Princeton, former Assistant Director, National Security, White House, OSTP Energy policy must be quantitative. People who don't calculate economic tradeoffs oftenchampi on simplistic hardware. The solution is more... nuclear power, or electric cars, or photovoltaics, etc. Some simple physics will s
Contents:Nuclear Weapons
The Offense: Missiles and War Games
The Defense: ABM/SDI/BMD/NMD
Verification and Arms Control Treaties
Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism
Air and Water Pollution
Nuclear Pollution
Climate Change
Electromagnetic Fields and Epidemiology
The Energy Situation and Fossil Fuels
Energy in Buildings
Solar Buildings
Renewable Energy
Enhanced End
Use Efficiency
Transportation
Energy Economics
Appendix A: Nuclear Arms Chronology
Appendix B: Energy/ Environment Chronology
Appendix C: Nuclear
Age History
Appendix D: Units
Appendi
ISBN:9781461492726
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Renewable energy sources , Nuclear engineering , Environmental law
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461483045:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Phantoms of Medical and Health Physics [electronic resource] : Devices for Research and Development
Author(s): Larry A DeWerd
Michael Kissick
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Acomprehensive overview of all types of phantoms used in medical imaging, therapy, nuclear medicine and health physics is provided in this title. For ionizing radiation, dosimetry with respect to issues of material composition,shape, and motion/posit ion effects are all highlighted. For medical imaging, each type of technology will need specific materials and designs, and the physics and indications will be explored for each type. Health physics phantoms areconcerned with some of the same issues such as material heterogeneity, but also unique issues such as organ-specific radiation dose from sources distributed in other organs. Though some of the information enclosed is found in othersources, divided especially along the three categories of imaging, t herapy, and health physics, many medical physicists as well as professionals need to bridge these three catagories. Readers will be able to use this book to select theappropriate phantom from a vendor at a clinic, to learn from as a student, to choose mat erials for custom phantom design, to design dynamic features, and as a reference for a variety of applications
Contents:1. Introduction to Phantoms of Medical and Health Physics
Section I: Phantoms of Radiation Therapy
2. Radiation Therapy Dosimetry Phantoms
3. Anthropormorphic Phantoms for Radiation Oncology Medical Physics
4. Motion Phantoms for Therapy
5. Phantoms in Brachytherapy
Section II. Imaging Phantoms
6. Imaging Phantoms: Conventional X
ray Imaging Applications
7. Computer Tomography (CT) Phantom Applications
8. Mammography Phantoms
9. Phantoms for Ultrasound Experimentation and Quality Control
10. Phantoms for Magnetic Resonance Imaging
11. Nuclear Medicine phanto
ISBN:9781461483045
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Nuclear medicine , Diagnosis, Ultrasonic , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9784431542704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics [electronic resource] : IX International Workshop
Author(s): Vladimir Dobrev
Date:2013
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Traditionally, Lie Theory is a tool to build mathematical models for physical systems. Recently, the trend is towards geometrisation of the mathematical description of physical systems and objects. A geometric approach to asystem yields in general so me notion of symmetry which is very helpful in understanding its structure. Geometrisation and symmetries are meant in their broadest sense, i.e., classical geometry, differential geometry, groups and quantumgroups, infinite-dimensional (super-)algebras, and their representations. Furthermore, we include the necessary tools from functional analysis and number theory. This is a large interdisciplinary and interrelated field. Samples ofthese new trends are presented in this volume, based on contributions fr om the Workshop Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics held near Varna, Bulgaria, in June 2011. This book is suitable for an extensive audience ofmathematicians, mathematical physicists, theoretical physicists, and researchers in the field of Lie Theo ry
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9784431542704
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v36
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algebra , Topological Groups , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642393631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Simulation and Monte Carlo Methods [electronic resource] : Mathematical Foundations of Stochastic Simulation
Author(s): Carl Graham
Denis Talay
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:In various scientific and industrial fields, stochastic simulations are taking on a new importance. This is due to the increasing power of computers and practitioners aim to simulate more and more complex systems, and thus userandom parameters as wel l as random noises to model the parametric uncertainties and the lack of knowledge on the physics of these systems. The error analysis of these computations is a highly complex mathematical undertaking.Approaching these issues, the authors present stochas tic numerical methods and prove accurate convergence rate estimates in terms of their numerical parameters (number of simulations, time discretization steps). As a result, the bookis a self-contained and rigorous study of the numerical methods within a th eoretical framework. After briefly reviewing the basics, the authors first introduce fundamental notions in stochastic calculus and continuous-time martingaletheory, then develop the analysis of pure-jump Markov processes, Poisson processes, and stochasti c differential equations. In particular, they review the essential properties of It integrals and prove fundamental results on theprobabilistic analysis of parabolic partial differential equations. These results in turn provide the basis for developing st ochastic numerical methods, both from an algorithmic and theoretical point of view. The book combinesadvanced mathematical tools, theoretical analysis of stochastic numerical methods, and practical issues at a high level, so as to provide optimal results on the accuracy of Monte Carlo simulations of stochastic processes. It isintended for master and Ph.D. students in the field of stochastic processes and their numerical applications, as well as for physicists, biologists, economists and other professional s working with stochastic simulations, who willbenefit from the ability to reliably estimate and control the accuracy of their simulations.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I:Principles of Monte Carlo Methods
1.Introduction
2.Strong Law of Large Numbers and Monte Carlo Methods
3.Non Asymptotic Error Estimates for Monte Carlo Methods
Part II:Exact and Approximate Simulation of Markov Processes
4.Poisson Processes
5.Discrete
Space Markov Processes
6.Continuous
Space Markov Processes with Jumps
7.Discretization of Stochastic Differential Equations
Part III:Variance Reduction, Girsanovs Theorem, and Stochastic Algorithms
8.Variance Reduction and Stochastic Differential Equations
9.Stochastic Algorithms
References
Index
ISBN:9783642393631
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, 0172-4568 : v68
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Finance , Numerical analysis , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642376238:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Attosecond Physics [electronic resource] : Attosecond Measurements and Control of Physical Systems
Author(s): Luis Plaja
Ricardo Torres
Amelle Zar
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Attophysics is an emerging field in physics devoted to the study and characterization of matter dynamics in the sub-femtosecond time scale. This book gives coverage of a broad set of selected topics in this field, exciting bytheir novelty and their p otential impact. The book is written review-like. It also includes fundamental chapters as introduction to the field for non-specialist physicists. The book is structured in four sections: basics, attosecondpulse technology, applications to measurements a nd control of physical processes and future perspectives. It is a valuable reference tool for researchers in the field as well as a concise introduction to non-specialist readers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals
Generation, Control and Characterization of Attosecond Pulses
Attosecond Measurements and Control of Physical Systems
Future Trends
ISBN:9783642376238
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v177
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642373053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Strongly Interacting Matter in Magnetic Fields [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dmitri Kharzeev
Karl Landsteiner
Andreas Schmitt
Ho-Ung Yee
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The physics of strongly interacting matter in an external magnetic field is presently emerging as a topic of great cross-disciplinary interest for particle, nuclear, astro- and condensed matter physicists. It is known that strongmagnetic fields are c reated in heavy ion collisions, an insight that has made it possible to study a variety of surprising and intriguing phenomena that emerge from the interplay of quantum anomalies, the topology of non-Abelian gaugefields, and the magnetic field. In particu lar, the non-trivial topological configurations of the gluon field induce a non-dissipative electric current in the presence of a magnetic field. These phenomena have led to an extendedformulation of relativistic hydrodynamics, called chiral magnetohydrod ynamics. Hitherto unexpected applications in condensed matter physics include graphene and topological insulators. Other fields of application includeastrophysics, where strong magnetic fields exist in magnetars and pulsars. Last but not least, an import ant new theoretical tool that will be revisited and which made much of the progress surveyed in this book possible is theholographic principle - the correspondence between quantum field theory and gravity in extra dimensions. Edited and authored by the pi oneers and leading experts in this newly emerging field, this book offers a valuable resource for abroad community of physicists and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Chiral magnetic spirals
Magnetized matter in the Sakai
Sugimoto model
Charge
dependent correlations in heavy ion collisions
Superconductivity from rho meson condensation in QCD
Lattice studies of QCD phase transitions in a magnetic field
Holographic Metamagnetism
Dense quark matter in a magnetic field
Effects of a magnetic field in the linear sigma model
Chiral Magnetic effect II
Debye screening in magnetic field through holography
Holographic magnetized fermions
Chiral magnetic effect in holographic models
Applications of the AdS/CFT corr
ISBN:9783642373053
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v871
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Nuclear physics , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642357985:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Einstein in Matrix Form [electronic resource] : Exact Derivation of the Theory of Special and General Relativity without Tensors
Author(s): Gnter Ludyk
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is an introduction to the theories of Special and General Relativity. The target audience are physicists, engineers and applied scientists who are looking for an understandable introduction to the topic - without toomuch new mathematics. Th e fundamental equations of Einsteins theory of Special and General Relativity are derived using matrix calculus, without the help of tensors. This feature makes the book special and a valuable tool forscientists and engineers with no experience in the fie ld of tensor calculus. In part I the foundations of Special Relativity are developed, part II describes the structure and principle of General Relativity. Part III explains theSchwarzschild solution of spherical body gravity and examines the Black Hole ph enomenon. Any necessary mathematical tools are user friendly provided, either directly in the text or in the appendices
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Special Relativity
The Galilei Transformation
The Lorentz Transformation
The Invariance of Quadratic Forms
Velocity Addition
Lorentz Transformation of Velocities
Lorentz Transformation of Impulses
Acceleration and Force
Relativistic Electrodynamics
Energy Momentum Matrix
General Relativity
General Relativity and Riemannian Geometry
ISBN:9783642357985
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Mechanics , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642339110:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fractional Derivatives for Physicists and Engineers [electronic resource] : Background and Theory
Author(s): Vladimir V Uchaikin
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The first derivative of a particle coordinate means its velocity, the second means its acceleration, but what does a fractional order derivative mean? Where does it come from, how does it work, where does it lead to? Thetwo-volume book written on hig h didactic level answers these questions. Fractional Derivatives for Physicists and Engineers The first volume contains a clear introduction into such a modern branch of analysis as the fractionalcalculus. The second develops a wide panorama of applicatio ns of the fractional calculus to various physical problems. This book recovers new perspectives in front of the reader dealing with turbulence and semiconductors, plasma andthermodynamics, mechanics and quantum optics, nanophysics and astrophysics. The bo ok is addressed to students, engineers and physicists, specialists in theory of probability and statistics, in mathematical modeling and numericalsimulations, to everybody who doesn't wish to stay apart from the new mathematical methods becoming more and more popular. Prof. Vladimir V. UCHAIKIN is a known Russian scientist and pedagogue, a Honored Worker of Russian High School,a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He is the author of about three hundreds articles and more than a dozen books (mostly in Russian) in Cosmic ray physics, Mathematical physics, Levy stable statistics, Monte Carlomethods with applications to anomalous processes in complex systems of various levels: from quantum dots to the Milky Way galaxy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Physical Basics
Fractional Derivatives
Fractional Equations
Applications
Mechanics
Kinetics
Electrodynamics
Atomic Physics
Space Physics
ISBN:9783642339110
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Nonlinear Physical Science, 1867-8440
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer science Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642337895:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time-Domain Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations in Metamaterials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jichun Li
Yunqing Huang
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The purpose of this book is to provide an up-to-date introduction to the time-domain finite element methods for Maxwells equations involving metamaterials. Since the first successful construction of a metamaterial with bothnegative permittivity and p ermeability in 2000, the study of metamaterials has attracted significant attention from researchers across many disciplines. Thanks to enormous efforts on the part of engineers and physicists, metamaterialspresent great potential applications in antenna and radar design, sub-wavelength imaging, and invisibility cloak design. Hence the efficient simulation of electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials has become a very important issue andis the subject of this book, in which various metamaterial modeling equations are introduced and justified mathematically. The development and practical implementation of edge finite element methods for metamaterial Maxwellsequations are the main focus of the book. The book finishes with some interesting simulations such as backward wave propagation and time-domain cloaking with metamaterials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Metamaterials
Introduction to Finite Element Methods
Time
Domain Finite Element Methods for Metamaterials
Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for Metamaterials
Superconvergence Analysis for Metamaterials
A Posteriori Error Estimation
A Matlab Edge Element Code
Perfectly Matched Layers
Simulation of Metamaterials
References
Index
ISBN:9783642337895
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Computational Mathematics, 0179-3632 : v43
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer simulation , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science , Engineering mathematics , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642321603:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modelling and Optimisation of Flows on Networks [electronic resource] : Cetraro, Italy 2009, Editors: Benedetto Piccoli, Michel Rascle
Author(s): Luigi Ambrosio
Alberto Bressan
Dirk Helbing
Axel Klar
Enrique Zuazua
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years flows in networks have attracted the interest of many researchers from different areas, e.g. applied mathematicians, engineers, physicists, economists. The main reason for this ubiquity is the wide and diverserange of applications, su ch as vehicular traffic, supply chains, blood flow, irrigation channels, data networks and others. This book presents an extensive set of notes by world leaders on the main mathematical techniques used toaddress such problems, together with investigations into specific applications. The main focus is on partial differential equations in networks, but ordinary differential equations and optimal transport are also included. Moreover, themodeling is completed by analysis, numerics, control and optimization o f flows in networks. The book will be a valuable resource for every researcher or student interested in the subject
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Users Guide to Optimal Transport
Hyperbolic Conservation Laws: an Illustrated Tutorial
Derivation of Non
Local Macroscopic Traffic Equations and Consistent Traffic Pressures from Microscopic Car
Following Models
On the Controversy around Daganzos Requiem for and Aw
Rascles Resurrection of Second
Order Traffic Flow Models
Theoretical vs. Empirical Classification and Prediction of Congested Traffic States
Self
Organized Network Flows
Operation Regimes and Slower
is
Faster
Effect in the Control of Traffic Intersections
Modeling and Optimization of Scalar Flows on N
ISBN:9783642321603
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2062
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642312380:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics in the Nanoworld [electronic resource] : Schrdinger's Cat and the Dwarfs
Author(s): Hans Lth
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The book deals with all essential aspects of non-relativistic quantum physics up to the quantization of fields. In contrast to common textbooks of quantum mechanics, modern experiments are described both for the purpose offoundation of the theory and in relation to recent applications. In this respect applications to nano-electronics as well as the realization of quantum-bits are presented and discussed. Furthermore, links are made to other importantresearch fields and applications, such as elementar y particle physics, solid state physics and nuclear magnetic resonance tomography in medicine. Even though the representation of the topics is largely performed in terms of Diracsbra-ket notation and by use of commutator algebra, the concrete description of the physical basis and the corresponding theoretical concepts are emphasized. Because of little requirement of complex mathematics, the book is suitable asan introduction into quantum physics, not only for physicists but also for chemists, biologists, engineers, computer scientists and even for philosophers as far as they are interested in natural philosophy and epistomology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Some Fundamental Experiments
Particle
Wave Duality
Quantum States in Hilbert Space
Angular Momentum, Spin and Particle Categories
Approximate Solutions for Important Model Systems
Superposition, Entanglement and other Oddities
Fields and Quanta
ISBN:9783642312380
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nanochemistry , Quantum theory , Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642309700:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Astrophysics [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Thierry J.-L Courvoisier
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:High-energy astrophysics has unveiled a Universe very different from that only known from optical observations. It has revealed many types of objects in which typical variability timescales are as short as years, months, days, andhours (in quasars, X -ray binaries, and other objects), and even down to milli-seconds in gamma ray bursts. The sources of energy that are encountered are only very seldom nuclear fusion, and most of the time gravitation, a paradox whenone thinks that gravitation is, by many orders of magnitude, the weakest of the fundamental interactions. The understanding of these objects' physical conditions and the processes revealed by high-energy astrophysics in the lastdecades is nowadays part of astrophysicists' culture, even of those active in other domains of astronomy. This book evolved from lectures given to master and PhD students at the University of Geneva since the early 1990s. It aims atproviding astronomers and physicists intending to be active in high-energy astrophysics a broad basis on which they should be able to build the more specific knowledge they will need. While in the first part of the book the physicalprocesses are described and derived in detail, the second part studies astrophysical objects in which high-energy astrophysics plays a crucial role. This two-pronged approach will help students recognise physical processes by theirobservational signatures in contexts that may differ widely from those presented here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Physical Processes
1 The framework
2 Radiation of an accelerated charge
3 Bremsstrahlung
4 Cyclotron line emission
5 Synchrotron emission
6 Compton processes
7 Comptonisation
8 Pair Processes
9 Particle acceleration
10 Accretion
11 Radiation inefficient accretion flows
Part II Astrophysical Objects
12 Black holes and accretion efficiency
13 Neutron Stars
14 Pulsars
15 The HulseTaylor pulsar and gravitational radiation
16 X
ray binaries
17 X
ray binaries evolution
18 Relativistic jets
19 Gamma ray bursts
20 Active galactic
ISBN:9783642309700
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319009032:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson in the H ZZ l + l - qq Decay Channel at CMS [electronic resource] / by Francesco Pandolfi
Author(s): Francesco Pandolfi
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Thetheoretical foundations of the Standard Model of elementary particlesrelies on the existence of the Higgs boson,a particle which has been revealed for the first time by the experiments run at the Large Hadron Collider(LHC) in 2012. As the Higgs bo son is an unstable particle, its search strategies were based on its decay products. In this thesis,Francesco Pandolfi conducted a search for the Higgs boson in the H ZZ l + l - qq Decay Channelwith 4.6 fb -1 of 7 TeV proton-proton collision data collec ted by the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment. The presence of jets in the final state poses a series of challenges to the experimenter: both from a technical point ofview, as jets are complex objects and necessitate of ad-hoc reconstruction technique s, and from an analytical one, as backgrounds with jets are copious at hadron colliders, therefore analyses must obtain high degrees of backgroundrejection in order to achieve competitive sensitivity. This is accomplished by following two directives: the use of an angular likelihood discriminant,capable of discriminating events likely to originate from the decay of a scalarboson from non-resonant backgrounds, and by using jet parton flavor tagging, selecting jets compatible with quark hadronization and di scarding jets more likely to be initiated by gluons. The events passing the selection requirements in4.6 fb -1 of data collected by the CMS detectorare examined, in the search of a possible signal compatible with the decay of a heavy Higgs boson. The thes is describes the statistical tools and the results of this analysis. This workis a paradigm for studies of the Higgs boson with final states with jets. The non-expert physicists will enjoy a complete and eminently readable description of a proton-proton c ollider analysis. At the same time, the expert reader willlearn the details of the searches done with jets at CMS
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Hunt for the Higgs Boson
The Large Hadron Collider and the CMS Experiment
Jet Reconstruction and Calibration
Event Selection
Systematic Uncertainties
Statistical Interpretation of Results
Conclusions
ISBN:9783319009032
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319003573:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Green's Kernels and Meso-Scale Approximations in Perforated Domains [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vladimir Maz'ya
Alexander Movchan
Michael Nieves
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:There are a wide range of applications in physics and structural mechanics involving domains with singular perturbations of the boundary. Examples include perforated domains and bodies with defects of different types. Theaccurate direct numerical tre atment of such problems remains a challenge. Asymptotic approximations offer an alternative, efficient solution. Greens function is considered here as the main object of study rather than a tool forgenerating solutions of specific boundary value problems. The uniformity of the asymptotic approximations is the principal point of attention. We also show substantial links between Greens functions and solutions of boundary valueproblems for meso-scale structures. Such systems involve a large number of small i nclusions, so that a small parameter, the relative size of an inclusion, may compete with a large parameter, represented as an overall number ofinclusions. The main focus of the present text is on two topics: (a) asymptotics of Greens kernels in domains w ith singularly perturbed boundaries and (b) meso-scale asymptotic approximations of physical fields in non-periodicdomains with many inclusions. The novel feature of these asymptotic approximations is their uniformity with respect to the independent varia bles. This book addresses the needs of mathematicians, physicists and engineers, as well asresearch students interested in asymptotic analysis and numerical computations for solutions to partial differential equations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Greens functions in singularly perturbed domains: Uniform asymptotic formulae for Greens functions for the Laplacian in domains with small perforations
Mixed and Neumann boundary conditions for domains with small holes and inclusions. Uniform asymptotics of Greens kernels
Greens function for the Dirichlet boundary value problem in a domain with several inclusions
Numerical simulations based on the asymptotic approximations
Other examples of asymptotic approximations of Greens functions in singularly perturbed domains
Part II: Greens tensors for vector e
ISBN:9783319003573
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2077
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319001197:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Logical Foundations of Mathematics and Computational Complexity [electronic resource] : A Gentle Introduction
Author(s): Pavel Pudlk
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The two main themes of this book, logic and complexity, are both essential for understanding the main problems about the foundations of mathematics. Logical Foundations of Mathematics and Computational Complexity covers a broadspectrum of results in logic and set theory that are relevant to the foundations, as well as the results in computational complexity and the interdisciplinary area of proof complexity. The author presents his ideas on how these areasare connected, what are the most fundamental problems and how they should be approached. In particular, he argues that complexity is as important for foundations as are the more traditional concepts of computability and provability.Emphasis is on explaining the essence of concepts and the ideas of p roofs, rather than presenting precise formal statements and full proofs. Each section starts with concepts and results easily explained, and gradually proceeds to moredifficult ones. The notes after each section present some formal definitions, theorems a nd proofs. Logical Foundations of Mathematics and Computational Complexity is aimed at graduate students of all fields of mathematics who areinterested in logic, complexity and foundations. It will also be of interest for both physicists and philosophers who are curious to learn the basics of logic and complexity theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Mathematicians world
Language, logic and computations
Set theory
Proofs of impossibility
The complexity of computations
Proof complexity
Consistency, Truth and Existence
References.
ISBN:9783319001197
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Monographs in Mathematics, 1439-7382
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer software , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000718:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic World [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sergey S Stepanov
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is an introduction into stochastic processes for physicists, biologists and financial analysts. Using an informal approach, all the necessary mathematical tools and techniques are covered, including the stochasticdifferential equations, mea n values, probability distribution functions, stochastic integration and numerical modeling. Numerous examples of practical applications of the stochastic mathematics are considered in detail, ranging fromphysics to the financial theory. A reader with bas ic knowledge of the probability theory should have no difficulty in accessing the book content
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Random Events
Stochastic Equations
Mean Values
Probabilities
Stochastic Integrals
Systems of Equations
Stochastic Nature
Stochastic Society
Computer Modeling
ISBN:9783319000718
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematical Engineering, 2192-4732
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Electronic data processing , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical physics , Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034806978:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos [electronic resource] : Poincar Seminar 2010
Author(s): Bertrand Duplantier
Stphane Nonnenmacher
Vincent Rivasseau
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This twelfth volume in the Poincar Seminar Series presents a complete and interdisciplinary perspective on the concept of Chaos, both in classical mechanics in its deterministic version, and in quantum mechanics. This bookexpounds some of the most wi de ranging questions in science, from uncovering the fingerprints of classical chaotic dynamics in quantum systems, to predicting the fate of our own planetary system. Its seven articles are also highlypedagogical, as befits their origin in lectures to a broad scientific audience. Highlights include a complete description by the mathematician . Ghys of the paradigmatic Lorenz attractor, and of the famed Lorenz butterfly effect asit is understood today, illuminating the fundamental mathematical issues at p lay with deterministic chaos a detailed account by the experimentalist S. Fauve of the masterpiece experiment, the von Krmn Sodium or VKS experiment,which established in 2007 the spontaneous generation of a magnetic field in a strongly turbulent flow, inc luding its reversal, a model of Earths magnetic field a simple toy model by the theorist U. Smilansky the discreteLaplacian on finite d-regular expander graphs which allows one to grasp the essential ingredients of quantum chaos, including its fundament al link to random matrix theory a review by the mathematical physicists P. Bourgade andJ.P. Keating, which illuminates the fascinating connection between the distribution of zeros of the Riemann -function and the statistics of eigenvalues of random unitar y matrices, which could ultimately provide a spectralinterpretation for the zeros of the -function, thus a proof of the celebrated Riemann Hypothesis itself an article by a pioneer of experimental quantum chaos, H-J. Stckmann, who shows in detail how expe riments on the propagationof microwaves in 2D or 3D chaotic cavities beautifully verify theoretical predictions a thorough presentation by the mathematical physicist S. Nonne
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
1 tienne Ghys, The Lorenz Attractor, a Paradigm for Chaos
2 Stphan Fauve, Chaotic Dynamos Generated by Fully Turbulent Flows
3 Uzy Smilansky, Discrete Graphs
A Paradigm Model for Quantum Chaos
4 Paul Bourgade and Jonathan P. Keating, Quantum Chaos, Random Matrix Theory, and the Riemann
function
5 Hans
Jrgen Stckmann, Chaos in Microwave Resonators
6 Stphane Nonnenmacher, Anatomy of Quantum Chaotic Eigenstates
7 Jacques Laskar, Is the Solar System Stable?
ISBN:9783034806978
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics, 1544-9998 : v66
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Number theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034806152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution Equations Arising in the Modelling of Life Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Messoud Efendiev
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book deals with the modeling, analysis and simulation of problems arising in the life sciences, and especially in biological processes. The models and findings presented result from intensive discussions with microbiologists,doctors and medical staff, physicists, chemists and industrial engineers and are based on experimental data. They lead to a new class of degenerate density-dependent nonlinear reaction-diffusion convective equations that simultaneouslycomprise two kinds of degeneracy: porous -medium and fast-diffusion type degeneracy. To date, this class is still not clearly understood in the mathematical literature and thus especially interesting. The author both derivesrealistic life science models and their above-mentioned governing equat ions of the degenerate types and systematically studies these classes of equations. In each concrete case well-posedness, the dependence of solutions on boundaryconditions reflecting some properties of the environment, and the large-time behavior of solut ions are investigated and in some instances also studied numerically
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1 Auxiliary Materials
2 Global attractors for autonomous evolution equations
3 Verifying life science models containing diffusion, transport and interaction of species
4 Positivity criterion for systems of stochastic PDEs
Existence and longtime behaviour of a biofilm model
6 The blood coagulation cascade in a perfusion experiment: example from pharmaceutical industry
Index
ISBN:9783034806152
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:International Series of Numerical Mathematics : v163
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Biological models , Ecology , Differential equations, partial , Physiology Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034805346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Developments of Harmonic Maps, Wave Maps and Yang-Mills Fields into Biharmonic Maps, Biwave Maps and Bi-Yang-Mills Fields [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yuan-Jen Chiang
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds were first established in 1964. Wave maps are harmonic maps on Minkowski spaces and have been studied since the 1990s. Yang-Mills fields, the critical points of Yang-Mills functionals ofconnections whose cur vature tensors are harmonic, were explored by a few physicists in the 1950s, and biharmonic maps (generalizing harmonic maps) were introducedin 1986. The book presents an overview of the important developmentsmadein these fields since they first came up. Furthermore,it introduces biwave maps (generalizing wave maps) which were first studiedin 2009, and bi-Yang-Mills fields (generalizing Yang-Mills fields) first investigated in 2008.Other topicsdiscussed are exponential harmonic maps, exponential wave maps and exponential Yang-Mills fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface. 1 Harmonic Maps
2 Wave Maps
3 Yang
Mills Fields
4 Biharmonic Maps
5 Biwave Maps
6 Bi
Yang
Mills Fields
7 Exponential Harmonic Maps
8 Exponential Wave Maps
9.Exponential Yang
Mills Connections
Index.
ISBN:9783034805346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Frontiers in Mathematics, 1660-8046
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis , Differential equations, partial , Global differential geometry , Mathematical optimization
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