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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD POLITICAL SCIENCE *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/17707.60 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword political science ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319394213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Survival under Uncertainty An Introduction to Probability Models of Social Structure and Evolution
Author(s): Dimitri Volchenkov
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (44 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39421-3
Contents:Introduction -- Subsistence in Uncertainty -- Time and Institutions -- Inequality and the Laws of supply and demand -- Decision making under uncertainty -- Capitalization of uncertainty: stochastic theory of advantage -- Doubly
stochastic branching process as a model of natural selection -- Human history as a stochastic process -- The stochastic model of social conformity and political instability -- Random walks over political regimes : History seems to
never end -- Urbanization failure and a fission chain reaction of states
ISBN:9783319394213
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and social sciences , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Science , Complexity, Computational , Social structure , Social inequality , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Social Structure, Social Inequality , Philosophy of the Social Sciences , Societal Aspects of Physics , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401786911:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos Theory in Politics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Santo Banerjee
efika ule Eretin
Ali Tekin
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The present work investigates global politics and political implications of social science and management with the aid of the latest complexity and chaos theories. Until now, deterministic chaos and nonlinear analysis have notbeen a focal point in th is area of research. This book remedies this deficiency by utilizing these methods in the analysis of the subject matter. The authors provide the reader a detailed analysis on politics and its associatedapplications with the help of chaos theory, in a sin gle edited volume
Contents:Section 1: Politics, Uncertainty and Peace Intelligence
Organized and Disorganized Chaos a New Dynamics in Peace Intelligence
Uncertainty and Fuzzy Decisions
Understanding Arab Spring with Chaos Theory: Uprising or Revolution
Section 2: Politics, Complex Systems, Basin of Attractions Economic Decision Making: Application of the Theory of Complex Systems
Basins of Attraction for Generative Justice
Chaos in World Politics: A Reflection
Large Spatial and Temporal Separation of Cause and Effect in Policy Making Dealing with Non
Linear Effects
Section 3: Leadership, Pol
ISBN:9789401786911
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Social policy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319006093:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:It Came From Outer Space Wearing an RAF Blazer! [electronic resource] : A Fan's Biography of Sir Patrick Moore
Author(s): Martin Mobberley
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:To British television viewers, the name Patrick Moore has been synonymous with Astronomy and Space Travel since he first appeared on The Sky at Night in 1957. To amateur astronomers he has been a source of inspiration, joy,humour and even an eccentri c role model since that time. Most people know that his 55 years of presenting The Sky at Night is a world record, but what was he really like in person? What did he do away from the TV cameras, in hisobservatory, and within the British Astronomical Assoc iation, the organisation that inspired him as a youngster? Also, precisely what did he do during the War Years, a subject that has always been shrouded in mystery? Martin Mobberley,a friend of Patrick Moores for 30 years, and a former President of the Bri tish Astronomical Association, has spent ten years exhaustively researching Patricks real life away from the TV cameras. His childhood, RAF service,tireless voluntary work for astronomy and charity and his endless book writing are all examined in detail. His astronomical observations are also examined in unprecedented detail, along with the battles he fought along the way and hishatred of bureaucracy and political correctness. No fan of Sir Patrick Moore can possibly live without this work on their booksh elf!
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: The Pre
War Years
Chapter 2: The War Years
Chapter 3: The Post War Years
Chapter 4: The First Books and ONeills Bridge
Chapter 5:Desmond Leslie, Cedric Allingham and Science Fiction
Chapter 6: The BBC
Chapter 7: Encounters with Russians and George Alcock
Chapter 8: some Classic 1960s Broadcasts
Chapter 9: Back to the Lunar Section
Chapter 10: The Move to Armagh
Chapter 11: Meteorites, Pills, Saturn and the Leonids
Chapter 12: St. Osyth, Two British Novae, Serpents Everywhere, and an OBE
Chapter 13: Selsey and the Race to the Moon
Chapter
ISBN:9783319006093
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Study and teaching , Astronomy , Humanities
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476184:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roger S Bivand
Edzer Pebesma
Virgilio Gmez-Rubio
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, Second Edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to accessand visualise spatia l data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second partshowcases more specialised kinds of spatial d ata analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges fromstandard techniques to new developments, and the examples used ar e largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additionaldata sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edit ion covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that haveappeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to hand le, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who areinterested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatialdata, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. Thebook has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-boo
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface 2nd edition
Preface 1st edition
Hello World: Introducing Spatial Data
Classes for Spatial Data in R
Visualising Spatial Data
Spatial Data Import and Export
Further Methods for Handling Spatial Data
Classes for spatio
temporal Data
Spatial Point Pattern Analysis
Interpolation and Geostatistics
Modelling Areal Data
Disease Mapping
ISBN:9781461476184
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R! : v10
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461474616:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Arnold Sommerfeld [electronic resource] : Science, Life and Turbulent Times 1868-1951
Author(s): Michael Eckert
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Arnold Sommerfeld (1868-1951) belongs with Max Planck (1858-1947), Albert Einstein (1879-1955) and Niels Bohr (1885-1962) among the founders of modern theoretical physics, a science that developed into a budding discipline duringhis lifetime. Sommerf eld witnessed many of the most dramatic scientific, cultural and political events of this era. His correspondence with his family offers a vivid testament to the challenges and joys of a life in science. Thisbiography attempts to reconstruct Sommerfelds l ife and work not only from the perspective of his achievements in theoretical physics but also with the goal of portraying the career of a scientist within the social and politicalenvironment in which it evolved. It is based to a large extent on Sommerfel ds voluminous correspondence, which sheds light both on his private and scientific life. Furthermore, it provides an authentic view on the circumstances thatshaped Sommerfelds career in different places Knigsberg, Gttingen, Clausthal, Aachen, Munich and in different institutional and disciplinary settings mineralogy, mathematics, engineering, physics. Although thisbiography is not a study of Sommerfelds school, it also renders transparent what made this group of physicists so unique and gave its founde r the aura of a charismatic teacher. This becomes particularly evident in the reverence withwhich he was received by his hosts during his travels all over the world travels that Sommerfeld perceived as cultural missions. International politics, personal zeal and scientific interests became closely entangled at suchoccasions. Such an entanglement is by no means uncommon in the history of science but it is rarely observed so persistently as in Sommerfelds case
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prologue
Knigsberg Roots
Setting the Course
Klein's Assistant
Clausthal
Aachen
Munich
Physics in War and Peace
The Quantum Pope
Wave Mechanics
Cultural Ambassador
Descent
The Bitter Years
Carrying On
Legacy
Epilogue
Backmatter
ISBN:9781461474616
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461460404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Strategic Economic Decision-Making [electronic resource] : Using Bayesian Belief Networks to Solve Complex Problems
Author(s): Jeff Grover
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Strategic Economic Decision-Making: Using Bayesian Belief Networks to Solve Complex Problems is a quick primer on the topic that introduces readers to the basic complexities and nuances associated with learning Bayes theoryand inverse probability for the first time. This brief is meant for non-statisticians who are unfamiliar with Bayes theorem,walkingthem through the theoretical phases of set and sample set selection, the axioms of probability,probability theory as it pertains to Bayes theorem, and posterior probabilities. All of these concepts are explained as they appear in the methodology of fitting a Bayes model, and upon completion of the text readers will be ableto mathematically determine posterior probabilities of multiple independent nodes across any system available for study. Very little has been published in the area of discrete Bayes theory, and this brief will appeal tonon-statisticians conducting research in the fields of engineering, computing, life sciences, and social sciences.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Strategic Economic Decision Making: The Use of Bayesian Belief Networks (BBN) in Solving Complex Problems
A Literature Review of Bayes Theorem and Bayesian Belief Networks (BBN)
Statistical Properties of Bayes Theorem
Bayes Belief Networks (BBN) Experimental Protocol
Manufacturing Example
Political Science Example
Gambling Example
Publicly Traded Company Default Example
Insurance Risk Levels Example
Acts of Terrorism Example
Currency Wars Example
College Entrance Exams Example
Special Forces Assessment and Selection (SFAS) One
Stage Example
Special
ISBN:9781461460404
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Statistics, 2191-544X : v9
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461457701:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geoengineering Responses to Climate Change [electronic resource] : Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
Author(s): Tim Lenton
Naomi Vaughan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Failure by the international community to make substantive progress in reducing CO2 emissions, coupled with recent evidence of accelerating climate change, has brought increasing urgency to the search for additional remediationapproaches. This book p resents a selection of state-of-the-art geoengineering methods for deliberately reducing the effects of anthropogenic climate change, either by actively removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere or bydecreasing the amount of sunlight absorbed at the E arths surface. These methods contrast with more conventional mitigation approaches which focus on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide. Geoengineeringtechnologies could become a key tool to be used in conjunction with emission s reduction to limit the magnitude of climate change. Featuring authoritative, peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science andTechnology, this book presents a wide range of climate change remediation technologies. Examines the po tential of geoengineering technologies to contribute to the goal of restricting global warming to within 2C of preindustriallevels Discusses carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and solar radiation management (SDR) Places the technologies discussed in their prope r social, political, and ethical contexts Provides valuable insights for audiences ranging fromresearchers and industry experts to policy makers and university-level students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Sunshades for Solar Radiation Management
3. Stratospheric Aerosols for Solar Radiation Management
4. Solar Radiation Management, Cloud Albedo Enhancement
5. Ocean Fertilization for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere
6. Biochar, Tool for Climate Change Mitigation and Soil Management
7. Carbon Dioxide Sequestration, Weathering Approaches to
8. Geoengineering Policy and Governance Issues
Index
ISBN:9781461457701
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Meteorology , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642224645:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transcending Tradition [electronic resource] : Jewish Mathematicians in German-Speaking Academic Culture
Author(s): Birgit Bergmann
Moritz Epple
Ruti Ungar
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:A companion publication to the international exhibition Transcending Tradition: Jewish Mathematicians in German-Speaking Academic Culture, the catalogue explores the working lives and activities of Jewish mathematicians inGerman-speaking countries du ring the period between the legal and political emancipation of the Jews in the 19th century and their persecution in Nazi Germany. It highlights the important role Jewish mathematicians played in allareas of mathematical culture during the Wilhelmine Emp ire and the Weimar Republic, and recalls their emigration, flight or death after 1933
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783642224645
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History , History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783034802512:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Iris Runge [electronic resource] : A Life at the Crossroads of Mathematics, Science, and Industry
Author(s): Renate Tobies
Date:2012
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book concerns the origins of mathematical problem solving at the internationally active Osram and Telefunken Corporations during the golden years of broadcasting and electron tube research. The woman scientist Iris Runge,who received an interdis ciplinary education at the University of Gttingen, was long employed as the sole mathematical authority at these companies in Berlin. It will be shown how mathematical connections were made between statisticsand quality control, and between physical-chemi cal models and the actual problems of mass production. The organization of industrial laboratories, the relationship between theoretical and experimental work, and the role ofmathematicians in these settings will also be explained. By investigating the so cial, economic, and political conditions that unfolded from the time of the German Empire until the end of the Second World War, the book hopes to build abridge between specialized fields mathematics and engineering and the general culture of a particul ar era. It hopes, furthermore, to build a bridge between the history of science and industry, on the one hand, and the fields ofGender and Womens Studies on the other. Finally, by examining the life and work of numerous industrial researchers, insight wil l be offered into the conditions that enabled a woman to achieve a prominent professional position duringa time when women were typically excluded from the scientific workforce
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Authors Preface
1 Introduction
2 Formative Groups
3 Mathematics at The Osram and Telefunken Corporations
4 Interactions Between Science, Politics, And Society
5 Post
War Developments And Concluding Remarks
Appendix
Bibliography
Index of Names
ISBN:9783034802512
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Science Networks. Historical Studies : v43
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461430933:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Social Foundations of Human Space Exploration [electronic resource]
Author(s): James A. Dator
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Brief
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781461430933
Series:SpringerBriefs in Space Development
Series:e-books
Keywords: Philosophy of Technology , Aerospace Technology and Astronautics , Political Science, general , Law of the Sea, Air and Outer Space
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642136061:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Lives [electronic resource] : Protagonists of the Twentieth Century From Hilbert to Wiles
Author(s): Claudio Bartocci
Renato Betti
Angelo Guerraggio
Roberto Lucchetti
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Steps forward in mathematics often reverberate in other scientific disciplines, and give rise to innovative conceptual developments or find surprising technological applications. This volume brings to the forefront some of theproponents of the mathem atics of the twentieth century, who have put at our disposal new and powerful instruments for investigating the reality around us. The portraits present people who have impressive charisma and wide-rangingcultural interests, who are passionate about defen ding the importance of their own research, are sensitive to beauty, and attentive to the social and political problems of their times. What we have sought to document is mathematicscentral position in the culture of our day. Space has been made not only f or the great mathematicians but also for literary texts, including contributions by two apparent interlopers, Robert Musil and Raymond Queneau, for whommathematical concepts represented a valuable tool for resolving the struggle between soul and precision .
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Hilberts Problems
The Way We Were
Intermezzo: Verlaine and Poincar from Etudes littraires
B.Russell
G.H.Hardy
E.Noether
Intermezzo: Carciopholus romanus from Furor mathematicus
P.A.M.Dirac
J. von Neumann
K.Gdel
Intermezzo: In Homage to Gdel
R.Musil
A.M.Turing
R.Caccioppoli
B. de Finetti
A.N.Kolmogorov
Bourbaki
R.Queneau
J.F.Nash, Jr
E.De Giorgi
L.Schwartz
R.Thom
A.Grothendick
G
C.Rota
S.Smale
M.F. Atiyah
V.I.Arnold
E.Bombieri
M.Gardner
F.W.Lawvere
An Interview with A.Wiles
ISBN:9783642136061
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Algebra , Mathematics_$xHistory , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781461407973:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Graphs and Cubes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sergei Ovchinnikov
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This introductory text in graph theory focuses on partial cubes, which are graphs that are isometrically embeddable into hypercubes of an arbitrary dimension, as well as bipartite graphs, and cubical graphs. This branch of graphtheory has developed r apidly during the past three decades, producing exciting results and establishing links to other branches of mathematics. Currently, Graphs and Cubes is the only book available on the market that presents acomprehensive coverage of cubical graph and part ial cube theories. Many exercises, along with historical notes, are included at the end of every chapter, and readers are encouraged to explore the exercises fully, and use them as abasis for research projects. The prerequisites for this text include fam iliarity with basic mathematical concepts and methods on the level of undergraduate courses in discrete mathematics, linear algebra, group theory, and topologyof Euclidean spaces. While the book is intended for lower-division graduate students in mathemat ics, it will be of interest to a much wider audience because of their rich structural properties, partial cubes appear in theoreticalcomputer science, coding theory, genetics, and even the political and social sciences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1 Graphs
2 Bipartite Graphs
3 Cubes
4 Cubical Graphs
5 Partial Cubes
6 Lattice Embeddings
7 Hyperplane Arrangements
8 Token Systems
Notation
References
Index
ISBN:9781461407973
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Universitext, 0172-5939
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780387753409:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:It's a Nonlinear World [electronic resource]
Author(s): Richard H Enns
Date:2011
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Drawing examples from mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, economics, medicine, politics, and sports, this book illustrates how nonlinear dynamics plays a vital role in our world. Examples cover a wide rangefrom the spread and possi ble control of communicable diseases, to the lack of predictability in long-range weather forecasting, to competition between political groups and nations. After an introductory chapter that explores what itmeans to be nonlinear, the remainder of Part I c overs nonlinear mathematical concepts such as fixed points, limit cycles, fractals, chaos, bifurcations, and solitons, and nonlinear diagnostic tools such as fixed point analysis,bifurcation diagrams, and Lyapunov exponents, to name a few. Part II of the text presents illustrative examples of nonlinear dynamics that are highly relevant to the contemporary world. At the end of each chapter, a wide variety ofproblems are presented which extend the ideas developed in the chapter as well as allow the reader t o explore other aspects of our nonlinear world. The mathematical level of the text assumes good working knowledge of basic calculus andprior exposure to ordinary differential equations and the wave and diffusion equations. The book may be used at the unde rgraduate or graduate level to prepare science and engineering students for problems in the real world or forself-study by practicing scientists and engineers. The more casual reader can simply read the book for intellectual enjoyment
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I. World of Mathematics
1. World of Nonlinear Systems
2. World of Nonlinear ODEs
3. World of Nonlinear Maps
4. World of Solitons
Part II. Our Nonlinear World
5. World of Motion
6. World of Sports
7. World of Electromagnetism
8. World of Weather Prediction
9. World of Chemistry
10. World of Disease
11. World of War
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9780387753409
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics and Technology, 1867-5506
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer simulation , Differential Equations , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780387682761:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inequalities: Theory of Majorization and Its Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Albert W Marshall
Ingram Olkin
Barry C Arnold
Date:2011
Edition:Second
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This books first edition has been widely cited by researchers in diverse fields. The following are excerpts from reviews. Inequalities: Theory of Majorization and its Applications merits strong praise. It is innovative,coherent, well written and, mos t importantly, a pleasure to read. This work is a valuable resource! (Mathematical Reviews). The authors present an extremely rich collection of inequalities in a remarkably coherent andunified approach. The book is a major work on inequalities, rich in content and original in organization. (Siam Review). The appearance of Inequalities in 1979 had a great impact on the mathematical sciences. By showing how asingle concept unified a staggering amount of material from widely diverse disciplinesprobabilit y, geometry, statistics, operations research, etc.this work was a revelation to those of us who had been trying to make sense of hisown corner of this material. (Linear Algebra and its Applications). This greatly expanded new edition includes recent resea rch on stochastic, multivariate and group majorization, Lorenz order, and applications in physics andchemistry, in economics and political science, in matrix inequalities, and in probability and statistics. The reference list has almost doubled
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Doubly Stochastic Matrices
Schur
Convex Functions
Equivalent Conditions for Majorization
Preservation and Generation of Majorization
Rearrangements and Majorization
Combinatorial Analysis
Geometric Inequalities
Matrix Theory
Numerical Analysis
Stochastic Majorizations
Probabilistic, Statistical, and Other Applications
Additional Statistical Applications
Orderings Extending Majorization
Multivariate Majorization
Convex Functions and Some Classical Inequalities
Stochastic Ordering
Total Positivity
Matrix Factorizations, Compounds
ISBN:9780387682761
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441969446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers of Statistical Decision Making and Bayesian Analysis [electronic resource] : In Honor of James O. Berger
Author(s): Ming-Hui Chen
Peter Mller
Dongchu Sun
Keying Ye
Dipak K Dey
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Research in Bayesian analysis and statistical decision theory is rapidly expanding and diversifying, making it increasingly more difficult for any single researcher to stay up to date on all current research frontiers. This bookprovides a review of c urrent research challenges and opportunities. While the book can not exhaustively cover all current research areas, it does include some exemplary discussion of most research frontiers. Topics include objectiveBayesian inference, shrinkage estimation and other decision based estimation, model selection and testing, nonparametric Bayes, the interface of Bayesian and frequentist inference, data mining and machine learning, methods forcategorical and spatio-temporal data analysis and posterior simulation met hods. Several major application areas are covered: computer models, Bayesian clinical trial design, epidemiology, phylogenetics, bioinformatics, climate modelingand applications in political science, finance and marketing. As a review of current research in Bayesian analysis the book presents a balance between theory and applications. The lack of a clear demarcation between theoretical andapplied research is a reflection of the highly interdisciplinary and often applied nature of research in Bayesian stat istics. The book is intended as an update for researchers in Bayesian statistics, including non-statisticians whomake use of Bayesian inference to address substantive research questions in other fields. It would also be useful for graduate students and re search scholars in statistics or biostatistics who wish to acquaint themselves with currentresearch frontiers. Ming-Hui Chen is Professor of Statistics at the University of Connecticut Dipak K. Dey is Head and Professor of Statistics at the University of Connecticut Peter Mller is Professor of Biostatistics at theUniversity of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Dongchu Sun is Professor of Statistics at the University of Missouri- Columbia and Keyi
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Objective Bayesian Inference with Applications
Bayesian Decision Based Estimation and Predictive Inference
Bayesian Model Selection and Hypothesis Tests
Bayesian Inference for Complex Computer Models
Bayesian Nonparametrics and Semi
parametrics
Bayesian Influence and Frequentist Interface
Bayesian Clinical Trials
Bayesian Methods for Genomics, Molecular and Systems Biology
Bayesian Data Mining and Machine Learning
Bayesian Inference in Political Science, Finance, and Marketing Research
Bayesian Categorical Data Analysis
Bayesian Geophysical, Spatial and Tempora
ISBN:9781441969446
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441917645:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Social Science Research Using R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hrishikesh D Vinod
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book covers recent advances for quantitative researchers with practical examples from social sciences. The twelve chapters written by distinguished authors cover a wide range of issues--all providing practical tools usingthe free R software. McC ullough: R can be used for reliable statistical computing, whereas most statistical and econometric software cannot. This is illustrated by the effect of abortion on crime. Koenker: Additive models provide aclever compromise between parametric and non-par ametric components illustrated by risk factors for Indian malnutrition. Gelman: R graphics in the context of voter participation in US elections. Vinod: New solutions to the old problemof efficient estimation despite autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity among regression errors are proposed and illustrated by the Phillips curve tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. Markus and Gu: New R tools for exploratorydata analysis including bubble plots. Vinod, Hsu and Tian: New R tools for portfolio selecti on borrowed from computer scientists and data-mining experts relevant to anyone with an investment portfolio. Foster and Kecojevic: Extendsthe usual analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) illustrated by growth charts for Saudi children. Imai, Keele, Tingley, and Yamamoto: New R tools for solving the age-old scientific problem of assessing the direction and strength of causation.Their job search illustration is of interest during current times of high unemployment. Haupt, Schnurbus, and Tschernig: Consider the ch oice of functional form for an unknown, potentially nonlinear relationship, explaining a set of newR tools for model visualization and validation. Rindskopf: R methods to fit a multinomial based multivariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) with examples from psychology, sociology, political science, and medicine. Neath: R tools forBayesian posterior distributions to study increased disease risk in proximity to a hazardous waste site. Numatsi and Rengifo:
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Econometric Computing with R
Additive Models for Quantile Regression: An Analysis of Risk Factors for Malnutrition in India
Toward better R defaults for graphics: Example of voter turnouts in US elections
Superior Estimation and Inference Avoiding Heteroscedasticity and Flawed Pivots: R
example of Inflation Unemployment Trade
Off
Bubble Plots as a Model
Free Graphical Tool for Continuous Variables
Combinatorial Fusion for Improving Portfolio Performance
Reference growth charts for Saudi Arabian children and Adolescents
Causal Mediation Analysis Using R
Statistical val
ISBN:9781441917645
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics, 0930-0325 : v196
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Finance , Economics Statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441912138:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Design of Observational Studies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Paul R Rosenbaum
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:An observational study is an empiric investigation of effects caused by treatments when randomized experimentation is unethical or infeasible. Observational studies are common in most fields that study the effects of treatmentson people, including me dicine, economics, epidemiology, education, psychology, political science and sociology. The quality and strength of evidence provided by an observational study is determined largely by its design. Design ofObservational Studies is both an introduction to statistical inference in observational studies and a detailed discussion of the principles that guide the design of observational studies. Design of Observational Studies is divided intofour parts. Chapters 2, 3, and 5 of Part I cover concisely, in about one hundred pages, many of the ideas discussed in Rosenbaums Observational Studies (also published by Springer) but in a less technical fashion. Part II discussesthe practical aspects of using propensity scores and other tools to create a matched compari son that balances many covariates. Part II includes a chapter on matching in R. In Part III, the concept of design sensitivity is used toappraise the relative ability of competing designs to distinguish treatment effects from biases due to unmeasured cova riates. Part IV discusses planning the analysis of an observational study, with particular reference to Sir RonaldFishers striking advice for observational studies, make your theories elaborate. Paul R. Rosenbaum is the Robert G. Putzel Professor of Stati stics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He is a fellow of theAmerican Statistical Association. In 2003, he received the George W. Snedecor Award from the Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies. He is a senior fellow of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and a ResearchAssociate at the Population Studies Center, both at the University of Pennsylvania. The second edition of his book, Observational Studi
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Beginnings
Dilemmas and Craftsmanship
Causal Inference in Randomized Experiments
Two Simple Models for Observational Studies
Competing Theories Structure Design
Opportunities, Devices, and Instruments
Transparency
Matching
A Matched Observational Study
Basic Tools of Multivariate Matching
Various Practical Issues in Matching
Fine Balance
Matching Without Groups
Risk
Set Matching
Matching in R
Design Sensitivity
The Power of a Sensitivity Analysis and Its Limit
Heterogeneity and Causality
Uncommon but Dramatic Responses to Treatment
Antic
ISBN:9781441912138
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology , Psychological tests and testing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540688327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ari Ben-Menahem
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics ofscience. The 5800-page Encyclo pedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopoliticalboundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done. The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists , engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing:mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, eart h and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry),associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and mo re). The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas inthe leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scien tific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered fromthe wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540688327
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geography , Life sciences , Environmental sciences , Humanities
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387789569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Granting the Seasons [electronic resource] : The Chinese Astronomical Reform of 1280, With a Study of its Many Dimensions and a Translation of its Records
Author(s): Nathan Sivin
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:China's most sophisticated system of computational astronomy was created for a Mongol emperor who could neither read nor write Chinese, to celebrate victory over China after forty years of devastating war. This book explains howand why, and reconstru cts the observatory and the science that made it possible. For two thousand years, a fundamental ritual of government was the emperor's granting the seasons to his people at the New Year by issuing an almanaccontaining an accurate lunisolar calendar. The high point of this tradition was the Season-granting system (Shou-shih li, 1280). Its treatise records detailed instructions for computing eclipses of the sun and moon and motions ofthe planets, based on a rich archive of observations, some ancient and so me new. Sivin, the Wests leading scholar of the Chinese sciences, not only recreates the project's cultural, political, bureaucratic, and personal dimensions,but translates the extensive treatise and explains every procedure in minimally technical languag e. The book contains many tables, illustrations, and aids to reference. It is clearly written for anyone who wants to understand thefundamental role of science in Chinese history. There is no comparable study of state science in any other early civilizati on
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Astronomical Reform and Occupation Politics
Orientation
The Project: Origins and Process
The Astronomers
The Observatory and its Instruments
The Records
Evaluation of the Season
Granting System
Evaluation of the Season
Granting System, Part 2
Canon of the Season
Granting System, Part 1
Canon of the Season
Granting System, Part 2
Conclusion
ISBN:9780387789569
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematics_$xHistory , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387755342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Full Meridian of Glory [electronic resource] : Perilous Adventures in the Competition to Measure the Earth
Author(s): Paul Murdin
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Paris Meridian is the name of the line running north-south through the astronomical observatory in Paris. One of the original intentions behind the founding of the Paris Observatory was to determine and measure this line. Tothat end, the French g overnment financed the Paris Academy of Sciences to do so in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries employing both astronomers people who study and measure the stars and geodesists people who studyand measure the Earth. This book is about what they di d and why. Full Meridian of Glory is the first English language presentation of this historical material in its entirety. It is an attractively written story of the scientists whocreated the Paris Meridian. They collaborated and worked together in allianc es, like scientists everywhere they also split into warring factions. They transcended national and political disputes, as scientists do now, their eyes fixedon ideals of accuracy, truth and objectivity. Yet also when their work served national interests they were sometimes less than neutral, and if their work was questioned they sometimes blindly descended into petty politics. This booktells the story of the adventures in France, in Spain, in Lapland and in Ecuador of the scientists who worked through re volution, war, rebellion, piracy, fire, shipwreck, blockade, snow, tropical heat, kidnapping, murder and turbulentlove affairs to pursue a problem of map making. They turned that practical problem into a crucial scientific test of one of the most importan t intellectual problems of their time Newtons theory of universal gravitation. Theirwork changed their own lives, affected the course of science and politics, and left its mark on the landscape, the art and the literature of history and in our own age
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Incroyable Pique
nique and the Mridienne Verte
The Size of France
Shape of the Earth
The Meridian and the Sun
The Revolution and the Meter
The Paris Meridian in the Napoleonic Wars
Past its Prime
The Greenwich and Paris Meridians in the Space Age
On the Trail of The Da Vinci Code
Walking the Line: the Arago Memorial
ISBN:9780387755342
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Physical geography , Astronomy , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540740780:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Random Curves [electronic resource] : Journeys of a Mathematician
Author(s): Neal Koblitz
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:These autobiographical memoirs of Neal Koblitz, coinventor of one of the two most popular forms of encryption and digital signature, cover many topics besides his own personal career in mathematics and cryptography - travels tothe Soviet Union, Latin America, Vietnam and elsewhere, political activism, and academic controversies relating to math education, the C. P. Snow two-culture problem, and mistreatment of women in academia. The stories speak forthemselves and reflect the experiences of a student and later a scientist caught up in the tumultuous events of his generation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Early Years
Harvard
SDS
The Army
Spring of 1972
Academics
The Soviet Union
Racism and Apartheid
Vietnam. Part I
Vietnam. Part II
Nicaragua and Cuba
El Salvador
Two Cultures
Cryptography
Education
Arizona
Index
ISBN:9783540740780
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Data structures (Computer science) , Data encryption (Computer science) , Mathematics_$xHistory , Number theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402087615:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales [electronic resource]
Author(s): Arne T Skjeltorp
Alexander V Belushkin
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Evolution is a critical challenge for many areas of science, technology and development of society. The book reviews general evolutionary facts such as origin of life and evolution of the genome and clues to evolution throughsimple systems. Emerging areas of science such as systems biology and bio-complexity are founded on the idea that phenomena need to be understood in the context of highly interactive processes operating at different levels andon different scales. This is where physics meets compl exity in nature, and where we must begin to learn about complexity if we are to understand it. Similarly, there is an increasingly urgent need to understand and predict theevolutionary behavior of highly interacting man-made systems, in areas such as comm unications and transport, which permeate the modern world. The same applies to the evolution of human networks such as social, political and financialsystems, where technology has tended to vastly increase both the complexity and speed of interaction, whi ch is sometimes effectively instantaneous. The book contains reviews on such diverse areas as evolution experiments withmicroorganisms, the origin and evolution of viruses, evolutionary dynamics of genes and environment in cancer development, aging as an evolution-facilitating program, evolution of vision and evolution of financial markets
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Accuracy of Molecular Processes
Experimental Evolution: Bugs and Bytes
Evolutionary Dynamics
Small RNA Control of Cell
to
Cell Communication in Vibrio Harveyi and Vibrio Cholerae
Dynamical Genetic Regulation
Translation Attenuation Mechanism in Unfolded Protein Response
The Origin and Evolution of Viruses
Fokker
Planck and Chapman
Kolmogorov Equations for Ito Processes with Finite Memory
Evolution of FX Markets via Globalization of Capital
Evolutionary Dynamics of Genes and Environment in Cancer Development
Aging as Evolution
Facilitating Program and a Biochem
ISBN:9781402087615
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Evolution (Biology) , Biomedical engineering , Engineering , Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387498966:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Approval Voting [electronic resource]
Author(s): Steven J Brams
Peter C Fishburn
Date:2007
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Approval Voting proposes a compelling way to elect some 500,000 officials in public elections. Under this system voters may vote for, or approve of, as many candidates as they like in multicandidate elections. Among the manybenefits of approval votin g are its propensity to elect the majority candidate (rather than the strongest minority candidate, as often occurs under plurality voting), its relative invulnerability to insincere or strategic voting,andby offering voters the opportunity to influence e lection outcomes more equitablya probable increase in voter turnout. Since the publication of the first edition of this book, its arguments in favor of an election reformpractically unknown in 1983 have stood the test of time. Perhaps the proof of the pud ding lies in the adoption of approval voting by about a dozen professional societiesseveral with tens of thousands of membersand their generallyfavorable experience with it. After a generation of discussion and debate on the subject, the authors remain co nvinced that Approval Voting is as relevant today as it was when rigorous analysis and systematic empirical research on thiselection reform began more than 30 years ago
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: Overview of the Problem and Its Solution
Sincerity and Strategy
Proofness: Which System Is Most Honest?
The Condorcet Criterion: Which System Best Finds the Majority Candidate?
The Reconstruction of an Election under Alternative Rules
Power and Equity: Which System Is Fairest?
Deducing Condorcet Candidates from Election Data
Polls and the Problem of Strategic Information in Elections
Recent Empirical Examples and Theoretical Extensions
Deducing Preferences and Choices in the 1980 Presidential Election
Epilogue
ISBN:9780387498966
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Economics , Finance , Political science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387489407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:On the Moon [electronic resource] : The Apollo Journals
Author(s): Grant Heiken
Eric Jones
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Public interest in the first lunar landing transcended political, economic and social borders the world was briefly united by the courage of the crew, and the wonder of the accomplishment. Prompted by the rivalry of the ColdWar, Apollo 11 and the fi ve missions that subsequently landed on the Moon were arguably the finest feats of exploration in human history. But these were more than exercises in flags and footprints, because the missions involvedthe crews making geological field trips on a low grav ity site while wearing pressure suits, carrying life-support systems on their backs and working against an unforgiving time line. The missions delivered not only samples of moonrock,but also hard-learned lessons for how to work on the surface of another p lanet, and this experience will be crucial to planning the resumption of the human exploration of the Moon and going on to Mars
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Adapting to a New World
A Damned Hard Walk, Followed by a Little Golf
The Lunar Dune Buggy
The Descartes Highlands
High Land but no Volcanoes
Drilling Troubles
The Volcanoes of Taurus
Littrow
Explosive Volcanism on the Moon
Boulder Rolling
Surprises During the Last Manned Lunar Mission
ISBN:9780387489407
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402052354:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Structure of Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carl Friedrich von Weizscker
Thomas Grnitz
Holger Lyre
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Carl Friedrich von Weizsckers Aufbau der Physik, first published in 1985, was intended as an overview of his lifelong concern: an understanding of the unity of physics. That is, the idea of a quantum theory of binaryalternatives (the so-called ur-the ory), a unified quantum theoretical framework in which spinorial symmetry groups are considered to give rise to the structure of space and time. The book saw numerous reprints, but it was published inGerman only. The present edition, in English, provides a newly arranged and revised version, in which some original chapters and sections have been deleted, and a new chapter about further insights and results of ur-theoretic researchof the late 1980s and 1990s, mainly by the work of Thomas Grnitz, has been i ncluded, as well as a general introduction to Weizsckers Philosophy of Physics. Carl Friedrich von Weizscker also enjoys high esteem by a muchbroader audience for his socio-cultural, political and religious thoughts and writings. In him the intercultural and interdisciplinary dialogue has found one of its most important proponents: a great thinker who combines theperspectives of science, philosophy, religion and politics with a view towards the challenges as well as the responsibilities of our time
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The unity of physics
The system of theories
Probability and abstract quantum theory
Quantum theory and spacetime
Models of particles and interaction
Cosmology and particle physics
Time and information
Irreversibility and entropy1
Information and evolution
On the interpretation of physics
The problem of the interpretation of quantum theory
The stream of information
Beyond quantum theory
In the language of philosophers
ISBN:9781402052354
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v155
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory , Thermodynamics , Relativity (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387296456:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical and Computational Models for Congestion Charging [electronic resource]
Author(s): Siriphong Lawphongpanich
Donald W Hearn
Michael J Smith
Date:2006
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Although transportation economists have advocated the tolling of urban streets as a mechanism for controlling congestion and managing travel demands for over 50 years, it is only recently that this idea has become practical. Whencompared to the alter native of building more roads, congestion pricingin particular via electronic tollingis attractive and has been adopted in countries around the world. Recent implementations in London, Singapore, and variouscities in Norway, as well as a number of project s in the United States, have been judged successful. This book presents rigorous treatments of issues related to congestion pricing. The chapters describe recent advances in areas such asmathematical and computational models for predicting traffic congest ion, determining when, where, and how much to levy tolls, and analyzing the impact of tolls on transporation systems. The analyses and methodologies developed in thisbook provide Mechanisms that aid in determining and comparing congestion pricing schemes Methodologies for evaluating the efficiency of existing and proposed congestion pricing schemes A means to predict the impact of pricing onurban transporation systems Information essential to the financial and political success of congestion pricing progr ams. Audience This book is intended for applied mathematicians working on transportation problems, transportationscientists and planners, students in transportation science, and students taking advanced courses on transportation science, operations resear ch, and optimization
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Improving Traffic Flows at No Cost
Relaxed Toll Sets for Congestion Pricing Problems
Dynamic Pricing: A Learning Approach
Congestion Pricing of Road Networks with Users Having Different Time Values
Network Equilibrium Models for Analyzing Toll Highways
On the Applicability of Sensitivity Analysis Formulas for Traffic Equilibrium Models
Park and Ride for the Day Period and Morning
Evening Commute
Bilevel Optimisation of Prices and Signals in Transportation Models
Minimal Revenue Network Tolling: System Optimisation under Stochastic Assignment
An Optimal Toll Design Pr
ISBN:9780387296456
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Applied Optimization, 1384-6485 : v101
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402023705:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Systems Approaches and Their Application [electronic resource] : Examples from Sweden
Author(s): Mats-Olov Olsson
Gunnar Sjstedt
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Within a conceptual framework that is developed in the two first chapters, the actual application of systems thinking is described across a broad field of cases representing research, teaching, decision support and construction.All cases are presente d by experts who have actually been involved in the activities they describe. Thus, the broad selection of cases captures the great variation of systems thinking and how it is integrated into models and theoriesand solid knowledge pertaining to different substantive areas. At the same time all case study authors address the same set of questions that are developed in the conceptual chapters. This gives comparability across cases - chapters -and brings cohesion to the book. The focus on Sweden, an advanced country in systems thinking, reinforces the unitary context in which comparison can be made between a systems approach for better research (theory), better practice andbetter design and construction
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Preface. Editors Preface. Introduction
Part I: The Systems Approach: History and Schools of Thinking
Part II: Systems Analysis in Sweden Examples of Projects Using a Systems Approach. Part II
A: A Systems Approach for Better Theory
Part II
B: Systems Analysis for Better Practice
Part II
C: Systems Thinking for Better Design and Construction
Part III: Development Trends, Future Prospects and Needs
Contributors
ISBN:9781402023705
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Information theory , Systems theory , Environmental protection , Humanities , Political science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402022364:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometric Data Analysis [electronic resource] : From Correspondence Analysis to Structured Data Analysis
Author(s): Brigitte Roux
Henry Rouanet
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Geometric Data Analysis (GDA) is the name suggested by P. Suppes (Stanford University) to designate the approach to Multivariate Statistics initiated by Benzcri as Correspondence Analysis, an approach that has become more andmore used and appreciated over the years. This book presents the full formalization of GDA in terms of linear algebra - the most original and far-reaching consequential feature of the approach - and shows also how to integrate thestandard statistical tools such as Analysis of Var iance, including Bayesian methods. Chapter 9, Research Case Studies, is nearly a book in itself it presents the methodology in action on three extensive applications, one for medicine,one from political science, and one from education (data borrowed from the Stanford computer-based Educational Program for Gifted Youth ). Thus the readership of the book concerns both mathematicians interested in the applications ofmathematics, and researchers willing to master an exceptionally powerful approach of statisti cal data analysis
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Overview of Geometric Data Analysis (Overview)
Correspondence Analysis
Euclidean Cloud
Principal Component Analysis
Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA)
Structured Data Analysis
Stability of a Euclidean Cloud
Inductive Data Analysis
Research Case Studies
Mathematical Bases
ISBN:9781402022364
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Computational linguistics , Economics , Sociology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387283142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Longitudinal Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert E Weiss
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Longitudinal data are ubiquitous across Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education, yet many longitudinal data sets remain improperly analyzed. This book teaches the artand statistical scie nce of modern longitudinal data analysis. The author emphasizes specifying, understanding, and interpreting longitudinal data models. He inspects the longitudinal data graphically, analyzes the time trend andcovariates, models the covariance matrix, and t hen draws conclusions. Covariance models covered include random effects, autoregressive, autoregressive moving average, antedependence, factor analytic, and completely unstructured modelsamong others. Longer expositions explore: an introduction to and cri tique of simple non-longitudinal analyses of longitudinal data, missing data concepts, diagnostics, and simultaneous modeling of two longitudinal variables.Applications and issues for random effects models cover estimation, shrinkage, clustered data, mode ls for binary and count data and residuals and residual plots. Shorter sections include a general discussion of how computationalalgorithms work, handling transformed data, and basic design issues. This book requires a solid regression course as backgroun d and is particularly intended for the final year of a Biostatistics or Statistics Masters degree curriculum.The mathematical prerequisite is generally low, mainly assuming familiarity with regression analysis in matrix form. Doctoral students in Biostati stics or Statistics, applied researchers and quantitative doctoral students indisciplines such as Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education will find this book invaluable. The book has many fig ures and tables illustrating longitudinal data andnumerous homework problems. The associated web site contains many longitudinal data sets, examples of computer code, and labs to re-enforce the material
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:to Longitudinal Data
Plots
Simple Analyses
Critiques of Simple Analyses
The Multivariate Normal Linear Model
Tools and Concepts
Specifying Covariates
Modeling the Covariance Matrix
Random Effects Models
Residuals and Case Diagnostics
Discrete Longitudinal Data
Missing Data
Analyzing Two Longitudinal Variables
Further Reading
ISBN:9780387283142
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783034879514:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Modern Engineering Systems Controlling • Managing • Organizing
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (246 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-7951-4
Contents:I Mathematical Methods and Technological Thought: Historical Aspects -- 1 Mathematical Methods in Preindustrial Technology and Machines -- 2 Organization and Mathematics: A Look into the Prehistory of Industrial Engineering Ana Millön
Gasca -- 3 Technological Innovation and New Mathematics: van der Pol and the Birth of Nonlinear Dynamics -- 4 Trasferring Formal and Mathematical Tools from War Management to Political, Technological, and Social Intervention
(1940-1960) -- II Technological Knowledge and Mathematical Models in the Analysis, Planning, and Control of Modern Engineering Systems -- 5 Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Control Engineering -- 6
Feedback: A Technique and a “Tool for Thought” -- 7 Adequacy of Mathematical Models in Control Theory, Physics, and Environmental Science -- 8 The Development of Systems Science: Concepts of Knowledge as Seen from the Western and
Eastern Perspective -- 9 Coping With Complexity in the Management of Organized Systems -- Index of Names -- Authors
ISBN:9783034879514
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mechanics , Mechanics, Applied , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Theoretical and Applied Mechanics , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402027123:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Death of Argument Fallacies in Agent Based Reasoning
Author(s): John Woods
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (378 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2712-3
Contents:I Metatheoretical Questions -- 1. Who Cares About the Fallacies? -- 2. The Necessity of Formalism -- 3. The Informal Core of Formal Logic -- II Threats and Intimidation -- 4. Ad Baculum and Pascal’s Wager -- 5. Appeal to Force -- III
Arguments Involving Reference to Persons -- 6. Dialectical Blindspots -- 7. Ad Hominem -- 8. And so Indeed are Perfect Cheat -- IV Pragma-Dialectics -- 9. Pragma-Dialectics -- 10. Buttercups, GNP’s and Quarks -- 11. Unifying the
Fallacies? -- V Intractable Disagreement -- 12. Standoffs in Public Policy -- 13. Standoffs and Demoralization -- VI How to Interpret Arguments -- 14. Charity: Can We Find it a Home? -- 15. Missing Premisses -- VII Analogy -- 16. By
Parity of Reasoning -- 17. Verdi is the Puccini of Music -- VIII Induction -- 18. Secundum Quid -- 19. Hasty Generalization -- 20. The Problem of Abduction -- Epilogue: The Way Ahead? -- References
ISBN:9781402027123
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Applied Logic Series: 32
Keywords: Philosophy , Science , Logic , Political science , Linguistics , Philosophy , Logic , Science, general , Philosophy of Law , Linguistics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9780306479649:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Experts in Science and Society
Author(s):
Date:2004
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (314 p.)
Note:10.1007/b105826
Contents:Political Systems and the Experts They Support -- Scientists as Expert Advisors: Science Cultures Versus National Cultures? -- Experts’ Discourses as Judicial Drama or Bureaucratic Coordination: Family Debate in the United States and
Germany -- The Integration of Social Science Expertise Into the Political Process: Did It Actually Happen? -- Socialist Legal Experts: A New Profession? -- Who Is Called Upon as Expert? -- Folklore Protection in Australia: Who Is
Expert in Aboriginal Tradition? -- The Humane Expert: The Crisis of Modern Medicine During the Weimar Republic -- Expertise Not Wanted: The Case of the Criminal Law -- Air Pollution Control: Who Are the Experts? -- Experts, Redefined
-- The Philosopher as Coach -- Who Decides the Worth of an Arm and a Leg? Assessing the Monetary Value of Nonmonetary Damage -- The Expert in a Historical Context: The Case of Venetian Politics -- Innovative Representations -- Mapping
Urban Nature: Bio-Ecological Expertise and Urban Planning -- How to Improve the Diagnostic Inferences of Medical Experts -- Statistical Scientific Evidence and Expertise in the Courtroom -- The Authority of Representations
ISBN:9780306479649
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Philosophy and science , Science , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Science, general , Sociology, general , Clinical Psychology , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783662105573:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time, Quantum and Information
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (454 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-10557-3
Contents:I Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and His Role in the Physics of the 20th Century -- Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and The Kaiser Wilhelm/Max Planck Society -- The Role of the Physicist in the Nuclear Age -- “The Atomic Bomb Reveals the
Political Responsibility of Science” -- On the Unfathomableness of Consciousness by Consciousness -- II Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker’s Contributions to Nuclear and Astrophysics and Their Impact on the Development of Physics --
Introduction: From the Atomic Nucleus to Cosmic Vortex Systems -- The Origins of Nuclear Physics and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker’s Semi-Empirical Mass Formula -- Thermonuclear Processes in Stars and Stellar Neutrinos -- Comets:
Fascinating Cosmic Objects -- The Spectrum of Turbulence -- From Dust Disks to Planetary Systems -- III The Unity of Nature and the Nature of Time -- Science and Its Relation to Nature in C.F. von Weizsäcker’s Natural Philosophy --
C.F. von Weizsäcker’s Philosophy of Science and the Nature of Time -- What Is Missing? — The Fundamental Role of Time in C.F. von Weizsäcker’s Conception of Physics and Some Insights from Modern Neuroscience -- Irreversibility via
Semichaos -- Remarks on Fractional Time -- The Dynamics of Modelling -- IV The Structure of Quantum Theory and Its Interpretation -- An Introduction to Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker’s Program for a Reconstruction of Quantum Theory --
Interpreting Quantum Mechanics — in the Light of Quantum Logic -- On the Interpretation of Quantum Theory — from Copenhagen to the Present Day -- Epistemic and Ontic Quantum Realities -- Information and Fundamental Elements of the
Structure of Quantum Theory -- Multiple Quantization in Fock Space -- V The Ur-Hypothesis and Its Implications for Particle Physics and Cosmology -- The Ur-Hypothesis -- The Momentum Eigenstates and the Lorentz-Invariant State -- C.F.
von Weizsäcker’s Reconstruction of Physics: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow -- The Operational Structure of Spacetime -- Ur Theory and Space-Time Structure -- Weizsäcker’s Ur Theory — A Cosmological Point of View -- Ur Theory and
Cosmological Phase Transition -- Phase Transitions in an Expanding Universe: Paul Roman’s Models and Some Remarks on Entropy -- C. F. von Weizsäcker: Biographical Data and Selected Bibliography in Physics -- The Authors
ISBN:9783662105573
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Political science , Philosophy , Quantum physics , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Popular works , Physics , Quantum Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Philosophy, general , Popular Science, general , Political Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783034882897:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rockefeller and the Internationalization of Mathematics Between the Two World Wars Document and Studies for the Social History of Mathematics in the 20th Century
Author(s): Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (341 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8289-7
Contents:I Introduction: The “Internationalization” of Mathematics and the Interests Therein of Scientists and Philanthropists -- II The Political and Economic Conditions for International Scientific Collaboration After World War I and the
Situation in Mathematics -- III General Ideological and Political Positions Underlying the IEB’s Activities -- IV The Practice of the Fellowship Programs of IEB (1923-1928) and RF (After 1928), and the Particular Situation of
Mathematics -- V The Institute Projects in Europe 1926-1928: Göttingen, Paris, a Project Turned Down in Djursholm, and an Excursus on the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton -- VI The Emergency Program of the RF After 1933 and
Changing Attitudes of the RF Vis-À-Vis Mathematics Before the War: Mathematics Caught Between New Scientific Orientations and Catastrophic Political Developments -- VII Epilogue -- Notes -- Appendices -- 1. Proposal by the Physicists
of Göttingen for Support From the IEB 1924 -- 2. A Memo by English Mathematician G.H.Hardy Asking for Support for a New Journal 1924 -- 3. Nikolaj Lusin’s Application for a IEB Fellowship, March 27, 1926 -- 4. Paul Montel (1944) on the
Origin of Plans for the Institut Henri Poincare in May 1926 -- 5. A Memorandum by Augustus Trowbridge (lEB) on a Meeting With ?mile Borel Concerning Plans for the Foundation of an Institute for Mathematics and Mathematical Physics in
Paris (May 1926) -- 6. Report by A. Trowbridge on His trip to Göttingen July 2 Through July 4, 1926 -- 7. G.D. Birkhoffs Report to the IEB of September 1926 Concerning His Trip to Europe -- 8. Richard Courant’s Assessment of American
Mathematics as of 1927 -- 9. IEB-Fellow Heinz Hopf 1928 on the Exemplary Sports Facilities at American Universities
ISBN:9783034882897
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Science Networks. Historical Studies : 25
Keywords: Mathematics , History , Philosophy and science , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , History of Science , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781461301011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Otto Hahn Achievement and Responsibility
Author(s): Klaus Hoffmann
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (276 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0101-1
Contents:1 Atom Bomb and Nobel Prize -- 1.1 Hidden Microphones -- 1.2 Death Clouds over Hiroshima -- 1.3 Hot Tempered Discussions -- 1.4 Rumours about Professor Hahn -- 1.5 Criminal Investigation for a Nobel Prize Winner -- 2 Boyhood, Studies,
and the First Probationary Years -- 2.1 The ‘Good Year’ 1879 -- 2.2 University Studies in Marburg and Munich -- 2.3 Soap Bubbles and Exploding Chlorine Gas: Dr. Hahn as an Assistant Lecturer -- 2.4 “You Will Work on Radioactivity” -- 3
The Awakening of the Natural Sciences -- 3.1 Puzzling Radiation -- 3.2 Pioneering Ideas -- 3.3 ‘Atomic Energy’ -- 3.4 Radium-The Great Revolutionary -- 4 The First Scientific Discovery -- 4.1 In London with William Ramsay -- 4.2
Radiothorium-The First New Element -- 4.3 An Uncertain Future -- 4.4 The Finest Year of His Life: In Montreal with Rutherford -- 5 Research at the University of Berlin -- 5.1 The Joy of a Discoverer in a Workshop -- 5.2 It’s
Unbelievable What Qualifies as a University Lecturer Nowadays -- 5.3 An Element Is Not an Element -- 5.4 Lise Meitner -- 5.5 Isotopy-The Puzzle’s Solution -- 5.6 International Meetings -- 5.7 The Nucleus of the Atom -- 5.8 An Absent
Minded Professor -- 6 The Kaiser Wilhelm Society -- 6.1 A ‘Call to the Nation’ -- 6.2 The Kaiser Comes! -- 6.3 Radiation Protection—At That Time a Foreign Word -- 6.4 Research Work at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute -- 7 The First World
War -- 7.1 The Defence Forces and Science -- 7.2 Poison Gas Warfare -- 7.3 A Scientist at the Cross Roads -- 7.4 If Only Atoms Would Fly Into Pieces -- 8 New Success for the Atomic Researchers -- 8.1 The Old Dream of th e Alchemists --
8.2 The Father of the Race , Protoactinium -- 8.3 No Luck Without Service -- 8.4 Applied Radiochemistry -- 8.5 The Remarkable Year 1932 -- 9 National Socialism-Night Falls on German Science -- 9.1 As Visiting Professor in America --
9.2 Hahn Practises Solidarity -- 9.3 Commemoration for Fritz Haber -- 9.4 Germ an Physics-Excels in the World -- 10 Dispute Over the 93rd Element -- 10.1 Experiment in a Goldfish Pond -- 10.2 In Honour of Mendeleev -- 10.3 An Absurd
Theory -- 10.4 Elements 93,94,95,96 . . . ad Infinitum? -- 10.5 Lise Meitner in Exile -- 11 The Splitting of the Uranium Atom -- 11.1 The Error Was Tackled with Heaven’s Fire -- 11.2 A St aggering Discovery -- 11.3 200 Million Electron
Volts -- 11.4 “Real American Exaggeration” -- 11.5 Indispensable Chain Reaction -- 11.6 60th Birthday Celebratory Volume -- 11.7 The False Thans-uranics -- 11.8 Fantastic Energy -- 12 The Threat of Hitler’s Atom Bomb -- 12.1 A
Memorable Conversation -- 12.2 Orders to Report for the Atomic Researchers -- 12.3 Heavy Water -- 12.4 An Outsider -- 12.5 The Bomb Will Not Explode -- 12.6 Nuclear Physics as a Weapon -- 13 The American Super-Explosive U235 -- 13.1
Press Censorship -- 13.2 An Historic Letter -- 13.3 The Devil’s Business is Done -- 13.4 The Worries of General Groves -- 13.5 Otto Hahn’s Activities During the War -- 13.6 The Last German War Secret -- 14 The Hunt for the Atomic
Scientists -- 14.1 The Alsos Mission Is on Target -- 14.2 ‘No Fraternisation!’ -- 14.3 ‘The Day of the Uranium Bomb’ , 6 August 1945 -- 14.4 A Difficult Decision -- 15 A World Full of Prejudice -- 15.1 A Protest in Despair -- 15.2
Uranium Is Like a Curse -- 15.3 Nobel Prize Winner for Chemistry -- 15.4 President of the Max Planck Gesellschaft -- 16 Atom Bomb Diplomacy -- 16.1 A Piece of Good News -- 16.2 Big Stick Politics -- 16.3 No More Hiroshimas -- 17 In
Conflict with Conscience and Politics -- 17.1 Atomic Energy Literature Instead of Crime Novels -- 17.2 Cobalt 60 -- 17.3 Declaration on Mainau Island -- 17.4 International Atomic Energy Conference -- 18 The Call of the Göttingen
Eighteen -- 18.1 Reduced to Silence, Yet not Convinced -- 18.2 A NATO Officer Blabs out of School -- 18.3 The Gottingen Statement -- 18.4 ‘Unsuspecting Fools‘ -- 18.5 Ten Against Five -- 18.6 An Incorrect Communique -- 19 Against
Nuclear Weapon Experiments and Nuclear Balance -- 19.1 Political Creeds -- 19.2 Honours and Prizes -- 19.3 A Departing President -- 19.4 Last Journeys -- 19.5 Atom Bombs Stop -- 19.6 The Sun on t he Earth: The Resp onsibility of
Science -- 20 Timetable -- 21 Sources and Pointers -- Translator’s Notes on the Text
ISBN:9781461301011
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Chemistry , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Physics, general , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781475749199:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Decision Making: Recent Developments and Worldwide Applications
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (494 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-4919-9
Contents:1. Management Information Systems -- Empirical assessment of information technology chargeback systems decisions -- Lessons learnt from the successful adoption of an ERP: The central role of trust -- Simultaneous analysis of
heterogenous databases on the web: The ADDSIA project -- 2. Education Innovations & Distance Learning -- Decision support for the management of admissions to academic programs -- The use of tacit knowledge in selection decisions in
universities -- 3. International Business -- Role of political violence in foreign direct investment decisions -- On the stability of countries’ national technological systems -- 4. Marketing -- Marketing of differentiated fresh
produce -- A decision support system for the seller’s return problem in the product line design -- 5. Finance and Banking -- Portfolio performance measures: A brief survey and hypothesis testing -- A system dynamics model of stock
price movements -- Information effects on the accuracy of neural network financial forecasting -- Is the Taiwan stock market efficient? -- The dynamics of implied volatility surfaces -- Application of nonstationary Markovian models to
risk management in automobile leasing -- 6. Optimization & Decision Making -- Decision making Under Various Types of Uncertainty -- Decision aid in the optimization of the interval objective function -- A fuzzy extension of a mixed
integer MOLP model for solving the power generation expansion problem -- Management science for marine petroleum logistics -- 7. Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Aid & Practice -- Dealing with missing data in rough set analysis of
multi-attribute and multi-criteria decision problems -- Cardinal value measurement with MACBETH -- Inferring a multicriteria preference model for rural development projects evaluation -- An adaptable framework for educational software
evaluation -- Assessing country risk using a multi—group discrimination method: A comparative analysis -- 8. Decision Support Systems and Information Technology -- RODOS: Decision support for nuclear emergencies -- DSS for the
evaluation of national IT infrastructure investments: A study of cable television in Greece -- Global IT outsourcing decisions: Contract structure, negotiations, and global deal teams -- Using Internet multimedia database information
systems for decision support in conservation planning -- An interactive workload and risk balancing model and decision support system for probationer assignment -- 9. Health Care Planning & Hospital Operations -- A goal programming
scheme to determine the budget assignment among the hospitals of a sanitary system -- A simulation model to evaluate the interaction between acute, rehabilitation, long stay care and the community -- Author Index
ISBN:9781475749199
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Applied Optimization: 45
Keywords: Business , Management , Operations research , Decision making , Finance , Data structures (Computer science) , Business and Management , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Management , Finance, general , Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9780585347134:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Complexity to Creativity Explorations in Evolutionary, Autopoietic, and Cognitive Dynamics
Author(s): Ben Goertzel
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (376 p.)
Note:10.1007/b102389
Contents:The Complex Mind-Brain -- Dynamics, Evolution, Autopoiesis -- The Psynet Model -- A Theory of Cortical Dynamics -- Perception and Mindspace Curvature -- Formal Tools for Exploring Complexity -- Dynamics and Pattern -- Evolution and
Dynamics -- Magician Systems and Abstract Algebras -- Mathematical Structures in the Mind -- The Structure of Consciousness -- Fractals and Sentence Production -- Dream Dynamics -- Artificial Selfhood -- The World Wide Brain -- The
Dynamics of Self and Creativity -- Subself Dynamics -- Aspects of Human Personality Dynamics -- On the Dynamics of Creativity
ISBN:9780585347134
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:IFSR International Series on Systems Science and Engineering: 11
Keywords: Business , Management science , Political science , Mathematics , Complexity, Computational , Business and Management , Business and Management, general , Political Science , Mathematics, general , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9789401714044:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Elements of Survey Sampling
Author(s): Ravindra Singh
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (390 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1404-4
Contents:1. Collection of Survey Data -- 2. Elementary Concepts -- 3. Simple Random Sampling -- 4. Sampling with Varying Probabilities -- 5. Stratified Sampling -- 6. Systematic Sampling -- 7. Ratio and Product Methods of Estimation -- 8.
Regression Method of Estimation -- 9. Two-Phase Sampling -- 10. Cluster Sampling -- 11. Multistage Sampling -- 12. Sampling from Mobile Populations -- 13. Nonresponse Errors -- Appendixes -- A. Standard normal probability distribution
-- B. Random numbers -- C. Number of tractors, tube wells, and net irrigated area (in hectares) for 69 villages of Doraha development block of Punjab, India -- D. Fifty WOR simple random samples -- E. Explanation of certain local terms
used -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401714044
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Kluwer Texts in the Mathematical Sciences, A Graduate-Level Book Series: 15
Keywords: Statistics , Business , Management science , Political science , Economics , Sociology , Statistics , Statistics, general , Economics, general , Business and Management, general , Sociology, general , Political Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781475725001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multicriteria Methodology for Decision Aiding
Author(s): Bernard Roy
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (293 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-2500-1
Contents:Introductory Chapters: How to Aid Whom with What Types of Decisions -- 1: Decision Problems and Processes -- 2: Decision Aiding: Major Actors and the Role of Models -- 3: Reference Examples -- 4: Phases and Options of an Approach to
Decision Aiding (General Ideas of the Methodology) -- Level I: How to Determine What is Possible and in What Terms to Formulate a Problem -- 5: Actions and Decision Aiding -- 6: Problematics as Guides in Decision Aiding -- Level II:
How to Determine Preferences and on What Bases -- 7: Preference, Indifference, Incomparability: Binary Relations and Basic Structures -- 8: Comparing Actions and Modeling Consequences -- 9: Comparing Actions and Developing Criteria --
Levels III and IV: How to Proceed from Multiple Criteria to Comprehensive Preferences and Develop Recommendations -- 10: Coherent Criterion Family and Decision Aiding in the Description Problematic -- 11: Modeling Comprehensive
Preferences: Three Operational Approaches for Progressing beyond the Description Problematic -- 12: Specific Difficulties in Choice, Sorting, and Ranking Problematics
ISBN:9781475725001
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications: 12
Keywords: Business , Operations research , Decision making , Political science , Mathematical models , Business and Management , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Political Science , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9781461225126:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics and Politics Strategy, Voting, Power and Proof
Author(s): Alan D Taylor
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (284 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-2512-6
Contents:1 Escalation -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Game-Tree Analyses -- 1.3. Limitations and Back-of-the-Envelope Calculations -- 1.4. Statement of O’Neill’s Theorem -- 1.5. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 2 Conflict -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2.
Dominant Strategies and Nash Equilibria -- 2.3. Prisoner’s Dilemma -- 2.4. A Game-Theoretic Model of the Arms Race -- 2.5. Chicken -- 2.6. Game-Theoretic Models of the Cuban Missile Crisis -- 2.7. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 3 Yes-No
Voting -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Swap Robustness and the Nonweightedness of the Federal System -- 3.3. Trade Robustness and the Nonweightedness of the Procedure to Amend the Canadian Constitution -- 3.4. Statement of the
Characterization Theorem -- 3.5. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 4 Political Power -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. The Shapley-Shubik Index of Power -- 4.3. Calculations for the European Economic Community -- 4.4. A Theorem on Voting Blocs --
4.5. The Banzhaf Index of Power -- 4.6. Two Methods of Computing Banzhaf Power -- 4.7. Ordinal Power: Incomparability -- 4.8. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 5 Social Choice -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Five Examples of Social Choice
Procedures -- 5.3. Four Desirable Properties of Social Choice Procedures -- 5.4. Positive Results—Proofs -- 5.5. Negative Results—Proofs -- 5.6. The Condorcet Voting Paradox -- 5.7. A Glimpse of Impossibility -- 5.8. Conclusions --
Exercises -- 6 More Escalation -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Statement of the Strong Version of O’Neill’s Theorem -- 6.3. Proof (by Mathematical Induction) of the Strong Version of O’Neill’s Theorem -- 6.4. Vickrey Auctions -- 6.5.
Vickrey Auctions as a Generalized Prisoner’s Dilemma -- 6.6. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 7 More Conflict -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. The Yom Kippur War -- 7.3. The Theory of Moves -- 7.4. Models of Deterrence -- 7.5. A Probabilistic
Model of Deterrence -- 7.6. Two-Person Zero-Sum Games -- 7.7. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 8 More Yes-No Voting -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. A Magic Square Voting System -- 8.3. Dimension Theory and the U.S. Federal System -- 8.4.
Vector-Weighted Voting Systems -- 8.5. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 9 More Political Power -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. The Johnston Index of Power -- 9.3. The Deegan-Packel Index of Power -- 9.4. The Power of the President -- 9.5.
Ordinal Power: Comparability -- 9.6. The Chair’s Paradox -- 9.7. Conclusions -- Exercises -- 10 More Social Choice -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Social Welfare Functions -- 10.3. May’s Theorem for Two Alternatives -- 10.4. Arrow’s
Impossibility Theorem -- 10.5. Single Peakedness—Theorems of Black and Sen -- 10.6. Conclusions -- Exercises -- Attributions -- References
ISBN:9781461225126
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Statistics , Economic theory , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401109789:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:History of the IAU The Birth and First Half-Century of the International Astronomical Union
Author(s): Adriaan Blaauw
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (296 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0978-9
Contents:1 Birth and Consolidation 1919–1922 -- 2 Earlier 20th Century Developments World War I -- 3 The IRC and the “Neutral” States Suspicion and Resentment -- 4 1922–1928: First General Assemblies IAU Becomes Fully International -- 5 The
Years 1928–1938 -- 6 The IAU and Political Persecutions in the 1930’s -- 7 1938–1948 World War II: Interruption and Recovery -- 8 1948–1958 Flourishing Science and Disturbing Politics -- 9 The China Conflict -- 10 1958–1964 Reforms,
Berkeley 1961, and Hamburg 1964 -- 11 1964–1969 Reforms Continued, the Astronomer’s Handbook, Prague 1967, and the 50th Anniversary -- 12 Financing in the Union A Review Over 75 Years -- References -- The IAU Historical Archives --
Name Index
ISBN:9789401109789
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , History , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Social Sciences, general , History, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9781489907189:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Facets of Systems Science
Author(s): George J Klir
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (664 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0718-9
Contents:I SYSTEMS SCIENCE: A Guided Tour -- 1. What Is Systems Science? -- 2. More about Systems -- 3. Systems Movement -- 4. Conceptual Frameworks -- 5. Systems Methodology -- 6. Systems Metamethodology -- 7. Systems Knowledge -- 8.
Complexity -- 9. Simplification Strategies -- 10. Goal-Oriented Systems -- 11. Systems Science in Retrospect and Prospect -- II Classical Systems Literature -- Author Index
ISBN:9781489907189
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:International Federation for Systems Research International Series on Systems Science and Engineering: 7
Keywords: Business , Management science , Political science , Complexity, Computational , Social sciences , Business and Management , Business and Management, general , Political Science , Social Sciences, general , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461389057:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Collected Economics Articles of Harold Hotelling
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (178 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8905-7
Contents:The Life and Economic Thought of Harold Hotelling -- Bibliography of Harold Hotelling -- Reprints of the Published Economics Papers by Harold Hotelling -- 1925 A general mathematical theory of depreciation. Journal of the American
Statistical Association, 20, 340–53. -- 1929 Stability in competition. Economic Journal, 39, 41–57. -- 1931 The economics of exhaustible resources. Journal of Political Economy, 39, 137–75. -- 1932 Edgeworth’s taxation paradox and the
nature of demand and supply functions. Journal of Political Economy, 40, 577–616. -- 1933 Note on Edgeworth’s taxation phenomenon and Professor Garver’s additional condition on demand functions. Econometrica, 1, 408–9. -- 1935 Demand
functions with limited budgets. Econometrica, 3, 66–78. -- 1936 Curtailing production is anti-social. Columbia Alumni News, 28(4), 3 and 16. -- 1938 The general welfare in relation to problems of taxation and of railway and utility
rates. Econometrica, 6, 242–69. -- 1939 The relation of prices to marginal costs in an optimum system. Econometrica, 7, 151–6. -- 1939 A final note. Econometrica, 7, 158–60. -- 1943 Income-tax revision as proposed by Irving Fisher.
Econometrica, 11, 83–7
ISBN:9781461389057
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Mathematics , Information technology , Business , Application software , Regional economics , Spatial economics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Regional/Spatial Science , Computer Applications , IT in Business
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9781461322252:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Power, Autonomy, Utopia New Approaches Toward Complex Systems
Author(s):
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (176 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-2225-2
Contents:One -- Recursions of Power -- Not Quite Human: Science and Utopia -- The Physics of Complexity -- Knowing Natural Systems Enables Better Design of Man-Made Systems: The Linkage Proposition Model -- Guidelines for Influencing Social
Policy through Strategic Computer Simulation Models -- Reducing International Tension and Improving Mutual Understanding through Artificial Intelligence: 3 Potential Approaches -- Two -- Steps in the Construction of “Others” and
“Reality”: A Study of Self-Regulation -- Steps to a Cybernetics of Autonomy -- Second Order Cybernetics in the Soviet Union and the West -- Methods for Making Social Organizations Adaptive -- Discussion: Guiding Questions and
Conceptual Structures in Cybernetics and General Systems Theory: Comparative Studies -- Biographies of Contributors -- Name Index
ISBN:9781461322252
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Business , Management science , Political science , Computer science , System theory , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Mathematics , Systems Theory, Control , Business and Management, general , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Political Science , Computer Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9781461327318:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Arts at a New Frontier The National Endowment for the Arts
Author(s): Fannie Taylor
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (271 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-2731-8
Contents:1 Development of Government Support for the Arts -- History of Federal Arts Support to 1965 -- Reference Notes -- 2 Reaching Legislative Consensus, 1960–1965 -- Patterns of Arts Support prior to 1965 -- Important Events Leading to the
Passage of Arts Funding Legislation -- Reference Notes -- 3 The Roger Stevens Years -- Roger Stevens’ Background -- The National Council for the Arts -- Stevens Responds to Criticism -- The National Endowment for the Arts Becomes Law
-- Initial and Trend-Setting Grants -- Laboratory and Theatre Project -- Dance Program Begins -- Costume Design and Folk Art -- Literature Program/Poets in the Schools -- The Kenneth Patchen Grant -- International Arts Events Supported
-- Musical Beginnings: Some Cacophony -- The American Film Institute -- Housing for Artists -- Spreading Resources -- American Theatre Laboratory -- Architecture and Design Starts Slowly -- Visual Arts -- Beginning the Federal—State
Partnership Program -- The Arts Endowment Begins to Take on Character -- Reauthorization -- Cooling the Inner Cities -- The President Hosts a Dinner -- Final Months -- Reference Notes -- 4 The Nancy Hanks Years -- Hanks Assumes
Chairmanship -- Deputy Chairman Michael Straight -- The Belmont Report -- Reauthorization -- Late Summer Report, 1972 -- Federal Design Improvement Program -- Establishing Expansion Arts -- Expanding Aid to Individual Artists --
Coordinated Residency Touring Program -- The “City” Programs in Architecture -- The Bicentennial -- Triennial Authorization -- Nancy Hanks Reappointed to Chairmanship -- Growing State and Community Arts Agencies -- Tenth Anniversary of
the Arts Legislation -- Reference Notes -- 5 Opening up the New Frontier -- Touring Projects -- Media Projects -- Expansion Arts Projects -- Accessibility and Awareness Projects -- Special Projects Activities -- Preservation of
Heritage Projects -- Federal—State Partnership Program -- Residency Programs as a Means of Achieving Arts Availability -- Artists-in-Schools -- Reference Notes -- 6 At the End of Ten Years -- Reference Notes -- Epilogue -- Reference
Notes -- Appendix A National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities -- Appendix B National Council on the Arts
ISBN:9781461327318
Series:eBooks
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Series:Nonprofit Management and Finance : 85
Keywords: Political science , Political Science and International Relations , Political Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9781461326854:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reorienting Health Services Application of a Systems Approach
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (374 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-2685-4
Contents:Special addresses -- Opening address of the NATO ARI-HSS Conference -- Adress from the Systems Science Panel -- Health Services Systems in the Western World: An International Perspective on Problems and Prospects -- Section I
Re-orienting Health Services-Application of a Systems Approach -- A Systems view of Health Services and Their Reorientation: Summary of the Conference Proceedings and Background Papers -- Analysis of Health Services Systems-A General
Approach -- “A Systems Approach” and “Health Service Systems”: Time to Re-think? -- Section II Tools for doing it -- Some Aspects of Alternative Approaches to Planning -- Manpower Planning and Health Services Systems -- Financing and
Health Services Systems -- Cost-effectiveness and Health Services Systems — A Systems Approach to the Assessment of Health Care -- Health Services Systems and Information Services -- Research and Development and the Health Systems
Approach -- Section III National Experiences -- The French Health Services System -- The Dutch Health Services System: Problems and Measures of Interdependencies and Control -- The Italian Health Services System -- Health Services in
the United States: Groping Toward a “System”? -- The Health Services Systems in Belgium -- The Health Services System in Turkey -- The Health Services of Norway: on the Road to a Political System -- The Canadian Health Services System
-- The Health Services System of the United Kingdom -- The Changing Health Services System in Greece -- Participants
ISBN:9781461326854
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Nato Conference Series, II Systems Science : 15
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642817892:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Concepts and Models of a Quantitative Sociology The Dynamics of Interacting Populations
Author(s): Wolfgang Weidlich
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (220 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81789-2
Contents:1. Introduction and Outline -- 1.1 Synergetic Concepts in the Natural Sciences -- 1.2 Synergetic Concepts in Sociology -- 1.3 Significance and Limitations of Quantitative Sociology -- 2. Opinion Formation — an Elementary Example of
Semi-Quantitative Sociology -- 2.1 The Model -- 2.2 The Equations of Motion -- 2.3 Solutions of the Equations of Motion -- 2.4 Choice of Transition Probabilities and the Explicit Form of the Model -- 2.5 The Sociological Interpretation
of the Model -- 3. Fundamental Concepts of Quantitative Sociology -- 3.1 Attitude Space, Socio-Configuration and Situation Space -- 3.2 Equations of Motion for the Socio-Configuration -- 3.3 The Dynamics of Trend Parameters and of the
Situation Vector -- 3.4 Mean Value Equations for Grossvariables of the Socio-Configuration -- 4. Migration and/or Birth-Death Processes in Populations -- 4.1 The General Model -- 4.2 Migration of Two Interacting Populations Between Two
Parts of a City -- 4.3 Birth-Death Processes Within a Single Population -- 4.4 Migration and Predator-Prey Interaction Between Two Species -- 5. Non-Equilibrium Theory of Investment: “The Schumpeter Clock” -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2
Macro- and Micro-Economic Variables of the Model and Their Interdependence -- 5.3 Design of the Investors’ Interaction Model -- 5.4 Structural Analysis of the System of Equations -- 5.5 Numerical Analysis Based on the Model -- 6. The
Interaction of Competitive Macrosocieties -- 6.1 Reconsideration of the Problem of Model Construction -- 6.2 The “Minimal Model” -- 6.3 Solutions of the Model Equations -- 6.4 Political Implications -- References
ISBN:9783642817892
Series:eBooks
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Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 14
Keywords: Physics , Business , Management science , Ecology , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Business and Management, general , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461254300:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Political and Related Models
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (396 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-5430-0
Contents:1. The Process of Applied Mathematics -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Applied Mathematics as a Process -- 3. The Construction and Use of Mathematical Models -- 4. Planetary Motion: The Evolution of a Model -- 5. An Example from Psychology --
6. Concluding Remarks -- References -- 2. Proportional Representation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Cumulative Voting -- 3. Single Transferable Vote -- 4. Cumulative Voting with Transfer of Surplus -- 5. Cumulative Voting with Transfer of
Surplus and Elimination of Low-Ranking Candidates -- 6. An Illustration of the Use of Cumulative Voting -- 7. STV versus CTV -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 3. Comparison Voting -- 1. Preview: Do the Rules of the Game Make
a Difference? -- 2. Introduction -- 3. Negative Voting in Two-Candidate Contests -- 4. Negative Voting in Three-Candidate Contests without a Runoff -- 5. Negative Voting in Three-Candidate Contests with a Runoff -- 6. Advantages of
Approval Voting -- 7. General Results for Approval Voting -- 8. The Possible Confounding Effects of a Poll -- 9. Approval Voting and Presidential Elections -- 10. Summary and Conclusions -- Solutions to Selected Exercises -- References
-- Notes for the Instructor -- 4. Modeling Coalitional Values -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basic Concepts -- 3. Some Experiments -- 4. Some Pollution Models -- 5. Equitable User’s Fees -- 6. Economic Markets -- 7. Business Games --
References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 5. Urban Wastewater Management Planning -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Description of the Study Area and the Scenario -- 3. Environmental Engineering Design -- 4. Economic Analysis -- 5. Financial
Analysis -- 6. Environmental Impact Statement—Ecology -- 7. Public Participation -- 8. Political Science -- 9. Epilogue -- Notes for the Instructor -- 6. An Everyday Approach to Matrix Operations -- 1. Introduction to Vectors and
Matrices -- 2. Vector Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication by Scalars -- 3. Vector Inner Product -- 4. Multiplication of a Matrix and a Vector -- 5. Matrix Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication -- 6. Properties of Matrix
Operations and Special Matrices -- 7. Matrices and Profits -- Exercises -- Reference -- Notes for the Instructor -- 7. Sources of Applications of Mathematics in Ecological and Environmental Subject Areas, Suitable for Classroom Use --
1. Introduction -- 2. Probability Theory -- 3. Matrix and Linear Algebra -- 4. Calculus -- 5. Differential Equations -- 6. Game Theory -- 7. Graph Theory -- 8. Optimal Control Theory -- 9. Miscellaneous -- References -- 8. How To Ask
Sensitive Questions without Getting Punched in the Nose -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definitions -- 3. The Randomized Response Method -- 4. Unrelated Question Model -- 5. Using the Randomized Response Method and the Unrelated Question
Model -- 6. Classroom Suggestions -- 7. Complements and Problems -- Appendix: Randomized Response Survey -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 9. Measuring Power in Weighted Voting Systems -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Simple
Examples -- 3. Measures in Voting Power -- 4. Additional Examples -- 5. Mini-Projects -- 6. Computational Aids -- 7. The Electoral College -- 8. Additional Voting Problems -- 9. Limits of the Mathematical Models -- References -- Notes
for the Instructor -- 10. To the (Minimal Winning) Victors Go the (Equally Divided) Spoils: A New Power Index for Simple n-Person Games -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Power Index Definition and Examples -- 3. Characterization Axioms -- 4.
Applications and Limitations -- 5. Concluding Remarks -- Exercises -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 11. Power Indices in Politics -- 1. Voting Games and Power Indices -- 2. Using the Power Indices -- 3. Characterizing the
Power Indices -- Solutions to Selected Exercises -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 12. Committee Decision Making -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Committee Decision-Making Experiment -- 3. Geometric Representation of the Situation
-- 4. Utility -- 5. Remarks on Models in Political Science -- 6. The Barycenter Model -- 7. The Pareto Model -- 8. The Core Model -- 9. General Discussion -- 10. The Arrow Theorem -- Appendix I: An Example of an Experiment -- Appendix
II: Mathematical Notes -- Notes for the Instructor -- 13. Stochastic Difference Equations with Sociological Applications -- 1. Difference Equation Models -- 2. Review of Probability and Statistics -- 3. Stochastic Difference Equations
-- Notes for the Instructor -- 14. The Apportionment Problem -- 1. The Basic Problem -- 2. Some Traditional Methods -- 3. Local Measures of Inequity -- 4. The Axiomatic Approach -- 5. The General Apportionment Problem -- 6. Conclusions
-- References
ISBN:9781461254300
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Economic theory , Economics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781461381457:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The File Case Study in Correction (1977–1979)
Author(s): Serge Lang
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (712 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8145-7
Contents:Introductory Letter to the Reader -- Why bother? (Your point of view). Why bother? (My point of view). Editorial responsibility -- The letters. Introductory and other comments. Objectivity -- The Story: Summary -- A Reply to Lang --
The Ladd—Lipset Surveys—A Brief Review. The Methodology of the 1977 Survey. Survey Research on Public Opinion and Social Values. Sampling. Nonresponse. Question Design and Questionnaire Development. Envoi. -- The File -- “The 1977
Survey of the American Professoriate” -- VERITAS AT HARVARD, by Sigmund Diamond from the New York Review of Books, 28 April 1977 -- The First Year -- One: The Opening Exchange -- Two: From Koblitz’s Letter to Lang’s Fifteen Pages of
Comments -- Three: From Lang’s Comments to the Science Article -- Four: From Science to New York Review of Books -- Five: The Garfinkel Letter (“McCarthyism”?) -- Six: The New York Review of Books Article -- The Second Year -- Seven:
Trying to Settle Loose Ends -- Eight: The Chronicle Causes a Rebound -- Nine: From Mac Lane’s Letter to the Editors (Notices, AMS) to Lang’s Letter to the Editor (Bulletin, AAUP) -- Ten: The Stakes Are Raised -- Eleven: The “Ratings”
Get Publicity -- Twelve: The AAUP—Chronicle Relation -- Thirteen: End of the Second Year -- Into a Third Year -- Fourteen: “McCarthyism”? (Again) -- Fifteen: “Intemperate and Libelous”? -- Sixteen: Ladd—Lipset, Survey Research,
Sociology. Can We Generalize? How? -- Seventeen: The Story Goes On -- Eighteen: Closing the File -- Appendices -- Appendix II. Documents on the Carnegie—ACE 1969 Survey -- Lang Letter to Clark Kerr on the 1969 Survey -- Appendix III.
“Representative Sampling, I: Non-scientific Literature,” by William Kruskal and Frederic Mosteller -- Appendix IV. Veritas at Harvard -- Some Themes and Issues -- S. Lang -- Correction. “The 1977 Survey of the American Professoriate”:
quality use of the questionnaire academic effect administrative effect and public effect. Survey research. Sociology. Social Sciences. VERITAS AT HARVARD. Scholarship: academic only? active? political? Journalistic power the cc list
letters to the editor. Financial power. Subservience to authority and power: intellectual authority statutory authority and power. The competence of the surveyors. The personal aspect of the file. The methodology of the file.
Collegiality. Responsibility: institutional journalistic scientific personal. Conclusion -- Publication of the File -- Comments and Letters -- “Selective Memory and Scholarly Controversy,” -- Seymour Martin Lipset
ISBN:9781461381457
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781475705553:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied General Systems Research Recent Developments and Trends
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (1001 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-0555-3
Contents:Conceptual and Methodological Foundations of General Systems Research -- Progress in General Systems Research -- Linkage Propositions between Fifty Principal Systems Concepts -- A Problem-Solving Basis for General Systems Research --
Systems Theoretic Description: A Vehicle for Reconciling Diverse Modelling Concepts -- On Being Autonomous: The Lessons of Natural History for Systems Theory -- The Complexity Race -- General System Identification — Fundamentals and
Results -- Constraint Analysis in Structure Modelling: A Probabilistic Approach -- Structure Modelling: A Constraint (Information) Analytic Approach -- On Structure Identification of Discrete Time Systems -- Metasystem Identification:
A Procedure for Detection and Structural Composition in Time Dependent Systems -- Exploring, Modelling, and Controlling Discrete Sequential Environments -- Managing Complex Systems: An Application of Ensemble Methods in System Theory
-- The Evolution of Organization -- A Mathematical Foundation for System Synthesis -- On the Decomposition of General Systems: Simulation by Coupling Quotients -- Some Esomathematical Uses of Category Theory -- A Categorical Approach
to General Systems -- Systems as Bimodules -- Lattices of Controllable and Observable Spaces -- Results of Empirical Studies in Fuzzy Set Theory -- Building Fuzzy Systems Models -- Basic Cyclic Relators as a Description of
Multi-Levelled Systems -- Mobile Systems: Survey -- System Dynamics Versus Econometrics—An Approach for Synthesis -- Absolute Stability of General Systems -- Asymptoticity in General Systems -- Normed Networks: Their Mathematical
Theory and Applicability -- The Role of the Observer in Uniform Systems -- The Nature of Fundamentals, Applied to the Fundamentals of Nature -- The Whole and the Simultaneous -- Ego Development Through Induced Programming --
Structurally Invariant Linear Models of Structurally Varying Linear Systems -- Stability and Eigenvalue Monotonicity of Linear Systems -- New Approaches to Reduction of Computational Complexity in Signal Processing Systems -- Synthesis
of Complex Control Objects as an Integrated System -- Advances of General Systems Research in Biological Sciences -- Biology and Systems Research: An Overview -- Biological Systems Theory: Descriptive and Constructive Complementarity
-- Some Analogies of Hierarchical Order in Biology and Linguistics -- Functional Hierarchies in the Brain -- Controlled Markov Chain Models for Biological Hierarchies -- Succinct Representation in Neural Nets and General Systems -- A
Matrix Algebra for Neural Nets -- Stability of General Systems in Biological, Physical and Social Sciences -- The Structural-Functional Analysis of Interbehavioral Systems -- Some Aspects of Analysis Cancer Problems by Means of Control
Theory -- The Inverse Problem: Computational Algorithms and Their Efficiency with Applications to a Model of the Calvin Photosynthesis Cycle -- Could a Model for the Regulation of ago-Antagonistic Couples Be Related to Various Types of
Concrete Systems? -- Optimal Ventilation of Critically Ill Patients -- Impact of General Systems Research On the Social Sciences -- Systems Research and Social Sciences -- Social System Evolution and Sociobiology -- General Systems
Methodology and Political Science -- Systems-Methodology in Management: An Adaptive Procedure for Organic Problem-Solving -- A Managerial Problem Solving Methodology (MPSM) -- A Dynamic Model for Society -- Understanding
Supra-Institutional Problems: Systems Lessons Drawn from an Application of the Checkland Methodology -- Multi-Organisational Strategies: An Analytical Framework and Case -- An Open-System Model of the Corporation -- A Production
Planning System Dynamics -- Analysis of Investment in Technology Development and Systems with Variable Structure -- General Systems: A Tool for the Evaluation of the Firm’s Potential as a Result of Changes in its P-M Posture -- Dynamic
Control of Hierarchical Public Systems -- The Meaning of Failure as Applied to Human Systems: Characteristics for a Fourth Generation of Systems Methodologies -- A Model of the Environment of Organizations: Theory and Evidence of
Regulating “Jumpy” F-Sets -- System Modeling in Space -- Social Networks and Inter-Systemic Decision-Making -- Two Separate Realities: Dyadic Communication Problems Resulting from Interpersonal Differences in Internal Complexity --
Evolution Strategy and Social Sciences -- A Systems Framework for Library Analysis -- Toward a Siggs Characterization of Epistemic Properties of Educational Design -- A Curriculum for General Systems Education -- Adverse Views to
General Systems Research -- Adverse Notes on Systems Theory -- On the Limitations of General Systems Theory in Systems Engineering -- The Limitations of Applied Systems Research
ISBN:9781475705553
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series : 5
Keywords: Science , Science, general , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781461564485:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Annals of Systems Research Publikatie van de Systeemgroep Nederland Publication of the Netherlands Society for Systems Research
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (148 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-6448-5
Contents:A social planning model for a less developed economy -- Network graphs and bond graphs in engineering modeling -- Analytical methods in information systems -- Political science and general systems theory: sketch of a confrontation --
Systems theory and the sociology of organizations: general theoretical issues illustrated with the example of studies in leadership -- Psychiatry and criminal law as conflicting systems: the challenge of a stalemate -- A general
systems model concept -- The application of systems theory in biology, an introduction
ISBN:9781461564485
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Annals of Systems Research : 2
Keywords: Mathematics , Business , Management science , System theory , Mathematics , Systems Theory, Control , Business and Management, general
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Call number:QC789.2.U62A754::1997 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Argonne National Laboratory, 1946-96 Foreword by Alan Schriescheim
Author(s): Jack M. Holl
Richard G. Hewlett
Ruth R. Harris
Date:1997
Publisher:University of Illinois Press: Urbana
Size:644 pgs.
Contents:1. Met Lab Days: 1940-46, 2. A Troublesome Transition: 1946-48, 3. Living in a Political World: 1940-52, 4. the Reactor Laboratory: 1953-58, 5. Accelerators and Basic Research: 1953-57, 6. What Sort of Laboratory: 1957-61, 7. Targeting Midwestern Science: 1961-67, 8. New Research Priorities: 1967-72, 9. Years of Crisis:, Years of Challenge: 1973-77, 10. The Multiprogram Laboratory: 1977-81, 11. On the Brink: 1981-84, 12. Challenging the Nuclear Option: 1984-94, 13. New Paths to the Future: 1984-94
ISBN:0252023412
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Call number:QC16.O62B57::2005 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:American Prometheus The triumph and tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer
Author(s): Kai Bird
Martin J. Sherwin
Date:2006
Publisher:Vintage Books
Contents:I. He received every new idea as perfectly beautiful -- His separate prison -- I am having a pretty bad time -- I find the work hard, thank God, & almost pleasant -- I am Oppenheimer -- Oppie -- The Nim Nim boys -- II. In 1936 my interests began to change -- [Frank] clipped it out and sent it in -- More and more surely -- I'm going to marry a friend of yours, Steve -- We were pulling the New Deal to the left -- The coordinator of rapid rupture -- The Chevalier affair -- III. He'd become very patriotic -- Too much secrecy -- Oppenheimer is telling the truth... -- Suicide, motive unknown -- Would you like to adopt her? -- Bohr was God, and Oppie was his prophet -- The impact of the gadget on civilization -- Now we're all sons-of-bitches -- IV. Those poor little people -- I feel I have blood on my hands -- People could destroy New York -- Oppie had a rash and is now immune -- An intellectual hotel -- He couldn't understand why he did it -- I am sure that is why she threw things at him -- He never let on what his opinion was -- Dark words about Oppie -- Scientist X -- The beast in the jungle -- V. It looks pretty bad, doesn't it? -- I f4ear that this whole thing is a piece of idiocy -- A manifestation of hysteria -- A black mark on the escutcheon of our country -- I can still feel the warm blood on my hands -- It was really like a never-never land -- It should have been done the day after trinity -- There's only one Robert
ISBN:9780375726262
Keywords: Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. , Physicists United States Biography. , Atomic bomb United States History. , Science Political aspects United States History 20th century. , United States History 20th century.
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Call number:E302.5.C62::1995 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science and the founding fathers : science in the political thought of Jefferson, Franklin, Adams & Madison
Author(s): I.Bernard Cohen 1914-
Date:1995
Publisher:W.W. Norton, New York
Size:368
ISBN:0393035018
Keywords: Political science History United States
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Call number:D639.C75F34::2017 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The woman who smashed codes
Author(s): Jason Fagone
Date:2017
Edition:First edition.
Publisher:Dey St.
Size:444 p
Contents:Part I -- Riverbank -- Fabyan -- Unbelievalbe, yet it was there -- Bacon's ghost -- He who fears is half dead -- The escape plot -- Part II -- Target Practice -- Part III -- The invisible War -- Grandmother died -- Magic -- The Hauptsturmfuhrer and the Funkmeister -- Circuit 3-N -- The doll lady -- Hitler's lair -- Girl cryptanalyst and all that.
ISBN:9780062430489
Keywords: Cryptography , Biography & Autobiography , History , Political science , Engima cipher system , Cryptographers
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