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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD POLLUTION,GENERAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/10422.28 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword pollution,general ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400770034:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Sensors for Safety and Security [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ashok Vaseashta
Surik Khudaverdyan
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book results from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop titled Technological Innovations in CBRNE Sensing and Detection for Safety, Security, and Sustainability held in Yerevan, Armenia in 2012. The objective was todiscuss and exchange views as to h ow fusion of advanced technologies can lead to improved sensors/detectors in support of defense, security, and situational awareness. The chapters range from policy and implementation, advanced sensorplatforms using stand-off (THz and optical) and point-c ontact methods for detection of chemical, nuclear, biological, nuclear and explosive agents and contaminants in water, to synthesis methods for several materials used for sensors.In view of asymmetric, kinetic, and distributed nature of threat vectors, an emphasis is placed to examine new generation of sensors/detectors that utilize an ecosystems of innovation and advanced sciences convergence in support ofeffective counter-measures against CBRNE threats. The book will be of considerable interest and valu e to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials, and sensing/detection of CBRNE agentsand water-borne contaminants. For policy implementation and compliance standpoint, the book serves as a resource of several i nformative contributions. In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested inhow nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing and detection using nexus of advanced technologies for scientists, technol ogists, policy makers, and soldiers and commanders
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I. Invited and Key Lectures
Challenges and Opportunities
Ecosystem of Innovations using Nanomaterials based CBRNE Sensors and Threat Mitigation
New Terahertz Security Opportunities Based on Nanometric Technology
Structured Inorganic Oxide
Based Materials for the Absorption and Destruction of CBRN Agents
The Quirra Syndrome: Matter of Translational Medicine
Part II. Policy, Diplomacy, Verification, Compliance, Implementation
The Yin and Yang of Countering Biological Threats: Public Health And Security Under The International Health Regulations, Biological Wea
ISBN:9789400770034
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Environmental sciences , Engineering , Environmental pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461446453:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Discrete-time Markov Chains and Poisson Processes to Air Pollution Modeling and Studies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eliane Regina Rodrigues
Jorge Alberto Achcar
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In this brief we consider some stochastic models that may be used to study problems related toenvironmental matters, in particular, air pollution. The impact of exposure toair pollutants on people's health is a very clearand well documented subject. Therefore, it is veryimportant to obtain ways to predict or explain the behaviour of pollutants in general. Dependingon the type of question that one is interested in answering, there are several ofways studying thatproblem. Among them we may quote, analy sis of the time series of the pollutants' measurements,analysis of the information obtained directly from the data, for instance, daily, weekly or monthlyaverages andstandard deviations. Another way to study the behaviour of pollutants in general isthroug h mathematical models. In the mathematical framework we may have for instance deterministic or stochastic models. The type of models that we aregoing to consider in this brief are thestochastic ones
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781461446453
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Environmental protection
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781441991782:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization Methods for a Stakeholder Society A Revolution in Economic Thinking by Multi-objective Optimization
Author(s): Willem K Brauers
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (342 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4419-9178-2
ISBN:9781441991782
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications: 73
Keywords: Business , Operations research , Decision making , Finance , Mathematical optimization , Air pollution , Business and Management , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Finance, general , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402026669:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Light Pollution Handbook
Author(s): Kohei Narisada
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (943 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2666-9
Contents:1 Preamble -- 2 Aim and purpose of outdoor lighting -- 3 What is light pollution? -- 4 Adverse effects of light pollution -- 5 Light pollution and astronomy -- 6 Limiting values for light pollution -- 7 Recommendations -- 8 Vision and
visibility -- 9 Visual performance, task performance -- 10 Fundaments of visual and behavioural functions -- 11 Technology and light-techniques -- 12 Effects of outdoor lighting on society and on the environment -- 13 Environmental
aspects of light pollution -- 14 Photometry -- 15 Public aspects
ISBN:9781402026669
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 322
Keywords: Physics , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Environment , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Environment, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402021152:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV IV — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications held in Barcelona, Spain, November 27–29, 2002
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (541 p.)
Note:10.1007/1-4020-2115-1
ISBN:9781402021152
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 13
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Remote sensing , Statistics , Environment , Air pollution , Earth Sciences , Earth Sciences, general , Environment, general , Quantitative Geology , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9780306479649:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Experts in Science and Society
Author(s):
Date:2004
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (314 p.)
Note:10.1007/b105826
Contents:Political Systems and the Experts They Support -- Scientists as Expert Advisors: Science Cultures Versus National Cultures? -- Experts’ Discourses as Judicial Drama or Bureaucratic Coordination: Family Debate in the United States and
Germany -- The Integration of Social Science Expertise Into the Political Process: Did It Actually Happen? -- Socialist Legal Experts: A New Profession? -- Who Is Called Upon as Expert? -- Folklore Protection in Australia: Who Is
Expert in Aboriginal Tradition? -- The Humane Expert: The Crisis of Modern Medicine During the Weimar Republic -- Expertise Not Wanted: The Case of the Criminal Law -- Air Pollution Control: Who Are the Experts? -- Experts, Redefined
-- The Philosopher as Coach -- Who Decides the Worth of an Arm and a Leg? Assessing the Monetary Value of Nonmonetary Damage -- The Expert in a Historical Context: The Case of Venetian Politics -- Innovative Representations -- Mapping
Urban Nature: Bio-Ecological Expertise and Urban Planning -- How to Improve the Diagnostic Inferences of Medical Experts -- Statistical Scientific Evidence and Expertise in the Courtroom -- The Authority of Representations
ISBN:9780306479649
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Philosophy and science , Science , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Science, general , Sociology, general , Clinical Psychology , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401000499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 4
Author(s): André Heck
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (330 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0049-9
Contents:• Editorial -- • The ESA Experience -- • The Astronomer’s Pocket Guide to Astrobiology -- • Light Pollution Control:World-Wide Effects of and Efforts to Reduce Light Pollution -- • Strategies for Protecting Radio Astronomy -- • A
Brief History of the Controversy Surrounding the Mount Graham International Observatory -- • Outreach at Kitt Peak Visitor Center:Techniques for Engaging the Public at a Major Observatory -- • Practical Popular Communication of
Astronomy -- • The Société Astronomique de France in the Astronomical Landscape: Evolution and Prospects -- • Use and Misuse of Web Downloads — A Personal View -- • The GAVRT Partnership: Bringing the Universe to K-12 Classrooms -- •
Activities in Astronomy Education of the International Astronomical Union -- • The Institute for Scientific Information and the Science Citation Index -- • The Observatory Magazine: Linking Three Centuries -- • Organizing and Managing
American Astronomical Society Meetings — From Preparation and Plans to Science Presentations -- • Organization and Goals of the European Astronomical Society -- • The Selection of Tenured Astronomers in France -- • The Changing
Landscape of Italian Astronomy -- • A Canadian Vision of International Astronomy and Astrophysics -- • Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy
ISBN:9789401000499
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 296
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9780387217000:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unified Methods for Censored Longitudinal Data and Causality
Author(s): Mark J. van der Laan
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (399 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-0-387-21700-0
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Motivation, Bibliographic History, and an Overview of the book -- 1.2 Tour through the General Estimation Problem -- 1.3 Example: Causal Effect of Air Pollution on Short-Term Asthma Response -- 1.4 Estimating
Functions -- 1.5 Robustness of Estimating Functions -- 1.6 Doubly robust estimation in censored data models -- 1.7 Using Cross-Validation to Select Nuisance Parameter Models -- 2 General Methodology -- 2.1 The General Model and
Overview -- 2.2 Full Data Estimating Functions -- 2.3 Mapping into Observed Data Estimating Functions -- 2.4 Optimal Mapping into Observed Data Estimating Functions -- 2.5 Guaranteed Improvement Relative to an Initial Estimating
Function -- 2.6 Construction of Confidence Intervals -- 2.7 Asymptotics of the One-Step Estimator -- 2.8 The Optimal Index -- 2.9 Estimation of the Optimal Index -- 2.10 Locally Efficient Estimation with Score-Operator Representation
-- 3 Monotone Censored Data -- 3.1 Data Structure and Model -- 3.2 Examples -- 3.3 Inverse Probability Censoring Weighted (IPCW) Estimators -- 3.4 Optimal Mapping into Estimating Functions -- 3.5 Estimation of Q -- 3.6 Estimation of
the Optimal Index -- 3.7 Multivariate failure time regression model -- 3.8 Simulation and data analysis for the nonparametric full data model -- 3.9 Rigorous Analysis of a Bivariate Survival Estimate -- 3.10 Prediction of Survival -- 4
Cross-Sectional Data and Right-Censored Data Combined -- 4.1 Model and General Data Structure -- 4.2 Cause Specific Monitoring Schemes -- 4.3 The Optimal Mapping into Observed Data Estimating Functions -- 4.4 Estimation of the Optimal
Index in the MGLM -- 4.5 Example: Current Status Data with Time-Dependent Covariates -- 4.6 Example: Current Status Data on a Process Until Death -- 5 Multivariate Right-Censored Multivariate Data -- 5.1 General Data Structure -- 5.2
Mapping into Observed Data Estimating Functions. -- 5.3 Bivariate Right-Censored Failure Time Data -- 6 Unified Approach for Causal Inference and Censored Data -- 6.1 General Model and Method of Estimation -- 6.2 Causal Inference with
Marginal Structural Models -- 6.3 Double Robustness in Point Treatment MSM -- 6.4 Marginal Structural Model with Right-Censoring. -- 6.5 Structural Nested Model with Right-Censoring -- 6.6 Right-Censoring with Missingness. -- 6.7
Interval Censored Data -- References -- Author index -- Example index
ISBN:9780387217000
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistical Theory and Methods , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401008105:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV III — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications held in Avignon, France, November 22–24, 2000
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (540 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0810-5
ISBN:9789401008105
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 11
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Probabilities , Statistics , Environment , Soil science , Soil conservation , Pollution , Earth Sciences , Geology , Pollution, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Environment, general , Soil Science & Conservation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783540445128:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fluid Mechanics and the Environment: Dynamical Approaches A Collection of Research Papers Written in Commemoration of the 60th Birthday of Sidney Leibovich
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-44512-9
Contents:Point Vortex Models and the Dynamics of Strong Vortices in the Atmosphere and Oceans -- Bubble Disconnection: Self-Similarity and Cascading Physics -- Implicit Multigrid Computation of Unsteady Flows with Applications to
Aeroelasticity -- Second-Harmonic Resonance with Parametric Excitation and Damping -- Bubble and Temperature Fields in Langmuir Circulation -- Computing Periodic Orbits -- Dynamics of Layers in Geophysical Flows -- Radiative Transport
in Anisotropic Media -- Vortex-Wake Pollution: A Problem in Fluid Mechanics -- Turbulent Bursts in Couette—Taylor Flow -- Surface-Wave Effects on Winds and Currents in Marine Boundary Layers -- Synchronised Behaviour in Three Coupled
Faraday Disk Homopolar Dynamos -- Large-Eddy Simulation Using Projection onto Local Basis Functions -- Low-Dimensional Dynamical Model of a Turbulent Boundary Layer over a Compliant Surface: Preliminary Results -- Is High Reynolds
Number Turbulence Locally Isotropic? -- Observations and Theories of Langmuir Circulation: A Story of Mixing -- Low Dimensional Models with Varying Parameters: a Model Problem and Flow Through a Diffuser with Variable Angle --
Surfactant Scavenging by Microbubble Clouds: Consequences for Capillary Wave Damping -- A Spectral Domain Decomposition Method and Its Application to the Simulation of Shear-Stratified Turbulence -- Wing Wake Vortices and Temporal
Vortex Pair Instabilities -- Laboratory Measurements of the Generation of Langmuir Circulations and Surface Waves
ISBN:9783540445128
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 566
Keywords: Physics , Earth sciences , Oceanography , Continuum physics , Fluids , Environment , Physics , Classical Continuum Physics , Environment, general , Oceanography , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Earth Sciences, general , Environmental Monitoring/Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401142496:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pollutants from Combustion Formation and Impact on Atmospheric Chemistry
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (338 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-4249-6
Contents:Sources of pollutants -- Chemistry of combustion processes -- Combustion mechanisms — Solid Phase Structural Changes and Heterogeneous Reactions -- Influence of physical phenomena on the formation of pollutants in combustion --
General descripton of atmospheric chemistry -- Stratospheric chemistry and the effect of pollutants on ozone -- Gas-phase reaction mechanisms for nitrogen oxide formation and removal in combustion -- NOx chemistry and emissions - I
Heterogeneous reactions (NO + NO2) -- NOx chemistry and emissions - II Heterogeneous reactions (N2O) -- Formation of aromatics in combustion systems -- Soot formation and oxidation -- VOC: Volatile organic compounds Formation and
Emission -- Sulphur chemistry in combustion I Sulphur in fuels and combustion chemistry -- Sulphur chemistry in combustion II Flue gas desulphurization -- Combustion of chlorinated hydrocarbons
ISBN:9789401142496
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 547
Keywords: Chemistry , Physical chemistry , Air pollution , Chemistry , Physical Chemistry , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461542131:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Solid Waste Utilisation in Regular and Industrial Facilities
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (175 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-4213-1
Contents:1. Neutralisation of Wastes in a Cement Kiln -- 2. Ecological Aspects of Co-Incineration of Solid Waste in Cement Kilns -- 3. Recovery of Materials and Energy form Waste in Austrian Cement Works -- 4. PCDF/D Emission from Waste
Utilisation in Cement Kilns -- 5. Utilisation of Sewage Sludge in Cement Kilns -- 6. The Environmental Influence of Heavy Metals Introduced to the Clinkering Process with Wastes -- 7. The Use of Coal Spoil in the Process of Cement
Production -- 8. Solid Waste Utilisation in Cement Kilns -- 9. The Pyrolityc Convective Waste Utiliser -- 10. Research on Possibilities of Sewage Sludge Utilisation in the Process of Pyrolysis -- 11. Catalytic Limitation of Organic
Chloride and Sulphur Emission in the Thermal Waste Utilisation Process -- 12. Evaluation of Gaseous Emission from Energy Generating Facilities -- 13. Plasma Technologies for Environmental Protection -- 14. Plasma Technology in the
Deactivation of Spent Ion-Exchangers -- 15. Plasma Gasification of Surrogate and Real Waste Plastics -- About the Editors -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461542131
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 58
Keywords: Environment , Renewable energy resources , Chemical engineering , Renewable energy sources , Alternate energy sources , Green energy industries , Waste management , Pollution prevention , Environment , Environment, general , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Industrial Pollution Prevention , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Renewable and Green Energy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461213369:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Dynamic Games and Applications
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (461 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1336-9
Contents:I Robust Control Design and H? -- Worst-Case Rate-Based Flow Control with an ARMA Model of the Available Bandwidth -- H? Output Feedback Control Problems for Bilinear Systems -- H? Control of a Class of Infinite-Dimensional Linear
Systems with Nonlinear Outputs -- Nonstandard Extension of H?-Optimal Control for Singularly Perturbed Systems -- II Pursuit-Evasion (P-E) Games -- Geodesic Parallel Pursuit Strategy in a Simple Motion Pursuit Game on the Sphere --
Real-Time Collision Avoidance: Differential Game, Numerical Solution, and Synthesis of Strategies -- Rendezvous-Evasion as a Multistage Game with Observed Actions -- Identification and Construction of Singular Surfaces in
Pursuit-Evasion Games -- On the Numerical Solution of a Class of Pursuit-Evasion Games -- III Coupled Dynamic and Stochastic Games -- Infinite Horizon Dynamic Games with Coupled State Constraints -- Constrained Markov Games: Nash
Equilibria -- Piecewise-Deterministic Differential Games and Dynamic Teams with Hybrid Controls -- A Game Variant of the Stopping Problem on Jump Processes with a Monotone Rule -- IV General Game Theoretic Developments -- Refinement of
the Nash Solution for Games with Perfect Information -- A Perturbation on Two-Person Zero-Sum Games -- The Linear Complementarity Problem in Static and Dynamic Games -- Weighted Discounted Stochastic Games with Perfect Information --
Stochastic Games with Complete Information and Average Cost Criteria -- V Applications -- Crime and Law Enforcement: A Multistage Game -- Global Analysis of a Dynamic Duopoly Game with Bounded Rationality -- A Multistage Supergame of
Downstream Pollution -- Solution and Stability for a Simple Dynamic Bottleneck Model -- Cumulants and Risk-Sensitive Control: A Cost Mean and Variance Theory with Application to Seismic Protection of Structures
ISBN:9781461213369
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Annals of the International Society of Dynamic Games : 5
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Game theory , Mathematics , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Applications of Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461212843:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Models in Epidemiology, the Environment, and Clinical Trials
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (283 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1284-3
Contents:Sensitivity analysis for selection bias and unmeasured confounding in missing data and causal inference models -- Marginal structural models versus structural nested models as tools for causal inference -- Nonparametric locally
efficient estimation of the treatment specific survival distribution with right censored data and covariates in observational studies -- Estimation of disease rates in small areas: A new mixed model for spatial dependence -- Markov
chain Monte Carlo methods for clustering in case event and count data in spatial epidemiology -- A simulation study of the epidemiological impact of air pollution: Diagnostics of the confounding effects for generalized linear models --
The use of reference priors and Bayes factors in the analysis of clinical trials -- Surrogate endpoints in cancer clinical trials -- List of Participants
ISBN:9781461212843
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 116
Keywords: Medicine , Epidemiology , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Biomathematics , Statistics , Medicine & Public Health , Epidemiology , Biomedicine general , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Analysis , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9789401592970:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV II — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications held in Valencia, Spain, November 18–20, 1998
Author(s):
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (562 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-015-9297-0
ISBN:9789401592970
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 10
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Hydrogeology , Probabilities , Statistics , Pollution , Air pollution , Earth Sciences , Geology , Pollution, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Hydrogeology , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781461550013:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geostatistics for Engineers and Earth Scientists
Author(s): Ricardo A Olea
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (303 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-5001-3
Contents:1: Introduction -- 2: Simple Kriging -- 3: Normalization -- 4: Ordinary Kriging -- 5: The Semivariogram -- 6: Universal Kriging -- 7: Crossvalidation -- 8: Drift and Residuals -- 9: Stochastic Simulation -- 10: Reliability -- 11:
Cumulative Distribution Estimators -- 12: Block Kriging -- 13: Ordinary Cokriging -- 14: Regionalized Classification -- References -- Appendix A: West Lyons Field Sampling -- Appendix B: High Plains Aquifer Sampling -- Appendix C: UNCF
Sampling -- Appendix D: Dakota Aquifer Sampling -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461550013
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Earth sciences , Geology , Geotechnical engineering , Air pollution , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Earth Sciences, general , Quantitative Geology , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783642587672:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Density-Driven Flow in Porous Media Principles, Numerics, Software
Author(s): Ekkehard O Holzbecher
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (286 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-58767-2
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Density-Driven Flow -- 1.2 Modeling -- 1.3 Modeling Density-driven Flow in Porous Media -- 1.4 FAST-C(2D) Modeling Software -- 2 Density and Other Water Properties -- 2.1 Dependence on Temperature -- 2.2
Dependence on Salinity -- 2.3 Dependence on Pressure -- 3 Analytical Description -- 3.1 Basic Principles -- 3.2 Oberbeck-Boussinesq Assumption -- 3.3 Hydraulic Head Formulation -- 3.4 Streamfunction Formulation -- 3.5 Vorticity
Equation -- 3.6 Extended Oberbeck-Boussinesq Assumption -- 3.7 Dimensionless Formulation -- 3.8 Boundary Layer Formulation -- 3.9 Heat and Mass Transfer -- 4 Numerical Modeling (Fast-C(2D)) -- 4.1 Spatial Discretization -- 4.2 Temporal
Discretization -- 4.3 Boundary Conditions -- 4.4 Initial Conditions and RESTART -- 4.5 Solution of the Nonlinear System -- 4.6 Solution of Linear Systems -- 4.7 Postprocessing -- 5 Steady Convection -- 5.1 Bénard Experiments in Porous
Medium -- 5.2 Linear Analysis -- 5.3 Bifurcation Analysis -- 5.4 Numerical Experiments -- 6 Special Topics in Convection -- 6.1 Thermal Convection in Slender Boxes -- 6.2 Variable Viscosity Effects on Convection -- 6.3 Convection in
Cold Groundwater -- 6.4 Relevance of Convection in Natural Systems -- 7 Oscillatory Convection -- 7.1 Hopf Bifurcation -- 7.2 Simulation -- 7.3 Influence of Numerical Parameters -- 8 Horizontal Heat and Mass Transfer -- 8.1 Analytical
Approximations and Solutions -- 8.2 Numerical Experiments -- 9 Elder Experiment -- 9.1 Laboratory Experiment -- 9.2 Numerical Experiments -- 9.3 Related Problems -- 10 Geothermal Flow (Yusa’s Example) -- 10.1 Hypothetical Situation and
Analytical Description -- 10.2 Flow Pattern Characterization -- 10.3 Sensitivity Analysis -- 10.4 Other Geothermal Systems -- 11 Saltwater Intrusion (Henry’s Example) -- 11.1 Problem Description -- 11.2 Sharp Interface Approach -- 11.3
Henry’s Example -- 11.4 Modeling Saltwater Intrusion -- 12 Saltwater Upconing -- 12.1 Problem Description -- 12.2 Modeling Saltwater Upconing -- 12.3 Case Study -- 13 Flow Across a Salt-Dome -- 13.1 Salt Formations and Scenarios --
13.2 HYDROCOIN Test-Case -- 13.3 Modeling the HYDROCOIN Test-Case -- 13.4 FAST-C(2D) Model -- 14 Desert Sedimentary Basins -- 14.1 System Description -- 14.2 Numerical Modeling -- Concluding Remark -- References -- Appendix I:
Fast-C(2D) Input- and Output-Files -- Input-File for FAST-C(2D) -- Output-Files
ISBN:9783642587672
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Earth sciences , Hydrogeology , Geomorphology , Continuum physics , Geophysics , Water pollution , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geomorphology , Classical Continuum Physics , Hydrogeology , Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Po , Earth Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9789401716758:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:geoENV I — Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Proceedings of the Geostatistics for Environmental Applications Workshop, Lisbon, Portugal, 18–19 November 1996
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (506 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1675-8
Contents:Equivalent Transmissivities in Heterogeneous Porous Media under Radially Convergent Flow -- Inverse Modelling of Groundwater Flow Incorporating Parameter, Boundary and Initial Conditions and Model Error Uncertainty -- Geostatistical
Analysis of Fractured Rock Characteristics -- On the Application of Stochastic Inverse Modelling to the Fractured Semi-Confined Aquifer of Bagueixe, Portugal -- Solute Transport in Single and Multiple Scale Heterogeneous Formations:
Numerical Experiments -- Numerical Aspects of the Universal Kriging Method for Hydrological Applications -- The use of Conservative Mass Transport Analysis as a Quick Look Tool to Rank Geostatistical Realizations of Heterogeneous
Structures -- Simplified Renormalization: A New Quick Upscaling Technique -- Impact of Random Function Choice on Groundwater Mass Transport Modelling -- Mapping Spatial and Temporal Variation of Groundwater Quality in the Netherlands
-- A Model of Aquifer Heterogeneity -- Geostatistical Study of Nitrate Contents in the Aquifers of Campo de Dalias (SE Spain) -- Evaluation of Reactive Transport Processes in a Heterogeneous Porous Aquifer within a Non-Parametric
Numerical Stochastic Transport Modelling Framework based on Sequential Indicator Simulation of Categorical Variables -- Parameter Estimation for Groundwater Models by Indicator Kriging -- Numerical Characterization of Contaminant
Transport in Nested Two-Scale Porous Media -- Interpolation of Groundwater Quality Parameters using Additional Information -- A Neural Network Aided Filtering Algorithm for Diagnosing and Predicting Nonlinear Contaminant Transport
Dynamics -- Hydrological Modelling of Distributed Rainfall/Runoff in the Watershed of Guadiana -- Spatial Correlations of Hydrochemical Parameters -- Seasonal Variations on Systems of Triple Influence. The Importance of Silicate
Weathering, Soil Fertilization and Domestic Effluents to the Composition of Stream Water as Determined by Correspondence Analysis -- Kriging vs Stochastic Simulation for Risk Analysis in Soil Contamination -- A Framework for
Optimization of Soil Sampling Strategy and Soil Remediation Scenario Decisions using Moving Window Kriging -- Analysis of Solute Redistribution in Heterogeneous Soil: I. Geostatistical Approach to Describe the Spatial Scaling Factors
-- Analysis of Solute Redistribution in Heterogeneous Soil: II. Numerical Simulation of Solute Transport -- Simulating Locational Error in Field-Based Measurements of Reflectance -- Application of Geostatistics to 3D Modelling of
Contaminated Sites: A Case Study -- Mapping Cadmium Concentration and the Risk of Exceeding a Local Sanitation Threshold using Indicator Geostatistics -- Geostatistical Methods Applied to Characterization of the Heterogeneity of the
Migmatite Formation at Olkiluoto, Western Finland -- Spatial Simulated Annealing for Optimizing Sampling. Different Optimization Criteria Compared -- Improved Rainfall Estimation by Integration of Radar Data: A Geostatistical Approach
-- Stochastic Simulation of Lichen Biodiversity using Soft Information from Remote Sensing Data -- Chernobyl Fallout: Review of Advanced Spatial Data Analysis -- Space-Time Analysis of Air Pollution in Lisbon -- Habitat Evaluation
using Logistic Regression -- Geostatistical Modeling of Species Distributions. Implications for Ecological and Biogeographical Studies -- Global Warming and the Weights of Rats: Uses of the Variogram in the Analysis of Longitudinal
Data -- Variographic Refinement of North Sea Herring Acoustic Survey Data -- Applying Geostatistics to Exposure Monitoring Data in Industrial Hygiene -- Conditional Simulation and Estimation of Gauss-Markov Random Fields using the
Bayesian Nearest Neighbor Method -- Clustering of Spatial Data by the EM Algorithm
ISBN:9789401716758
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics: 9
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geology , Probabilities , Statistics , Pollution , Air pollution , Environmental pollution , Earth Sciences , Geology , Pollution, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Terrestrial Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781475725025:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Global Optimization in Action Continuous and Lipschitz Optimization: Algorithms, Implementations and Applications
Author(s): János D Pintér
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (480 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-2502-5
Contents:One Global Optimization: A Brief Review -- 1.1 General Problem Statement and Special Model Forms -- 1.2 Solution Approaches -- Two Partition Strategies in Global Optimization: The Continuous and the Lipschitzian Case -- 2.1 An
Introduction to Partition Algorithms -- 2.2 Convergence Properties of Adaptive Partition Algorithms -- 2.3 Partition Algorithms on Intervals -- 2.4 Partition Algorithms on Multidimensional Intervals -- 2.5 Simplex Partition Strategies
-- 2.6 Partition Methods on General Convex and Star Sets -- 2.7 Partition Strategies in General Lipschitz Optimization -- Three Implementation Aspects, Algorithm Modifications and Stochastic Extensions -- 3.1 Diagonally Extended
Univariate Algorithms for Multidimensional Global Optimization -- 3.2 Estimation of Lipschitzian Problem Characteristics in Global Optimization -- 3.3 General Lipschitz Optimization Applying Penalty Multipliers -- 3.4 An Implementation
of a Lipschitzian Global Optimization Procedure -- 3.5 Decision Making under Uncertainty: Stochastic Model Forms -- 3.6 Adaptive Stochastic Optimization Procedures -- 3.7 Estimation of Noise-Perturbed Function Values -- Four
Applications -- 4.1 Nonlinear Approximation: Systems of Equations and Inequalities -- 4.2 Data Classification (Clustering) and Related Problems -- 4.3 Aggregation of Negotiated Expert Opinions -- 4.4 Product (Mixture) Design -- 4.5
Globally Optimized Calibration of Complex System Models -- 4.6 Calibration Model Versions, Illustrated by Examples -- 4.7 Dynamic Modelling of Phosphorus Release from Sediments -- 4.8 Aquifer Model Calibration -- 4.9 Industrial
Wastewater Management -- 4.10 Multiple Source River Pollution Management -- 4.11 Lake Eutrophication Management -- 4.12 Risk Management of Accidental Water Pollution -- Afterword -- Some Further Research Perspectives -- References
ISBN:9781475725025
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications: 6
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , System theory , Mathematical models , Mathematical optimization , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Optimization , Applications of Mathematics , Systems Theory, Control
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461304050:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemistry for the Protection of the Environment 2
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (460 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0405-0
Contents:General Problems -- 1. Cleaner Production in the Chemical Industry -- 2. Risk Management Considerations for Cost-Effective Environmental Decisionmaking -- 3. The Global Perspective—Why Pollution Prevention?: CPE X Address -- 4.
Environmental Engineering in Poland: Availability of Domestic and Foreign Technology -- 5. Middle Urals’ Pollution Prevention Priorities Assessment Project -- Air Pollution -- 6. Characterizations of Air Pollutants in the Atmosphere at
Metropolitan Area in Northern Taiwan -- 7. Air Pollution Control with Fibrous Ion Exchangers -- 8. Solvent Sublation: A Method Suitable for Protection of the Atmosphere against Organic Pollutants -- 9. A Possibility to Reduce Methane
Emission from Landfills by Its Oxidation in the Soil Cover -- 10. Catalytic Hydrodehalogenation of CFC’S (Freons) -- Wastewater Treatment -- 11. Soluble Organic Polymers in Water and Wastewater Treatment -- 12. Prospects of Fibrous Ion
Exchangers in Water Pollution Control (Chromates Sorption by Aminocarboxylic Fibers Example) -- 13. Behavior of Macroreticular Chelating Resins Having Oxy Acids of Phosphorus in Adsorption and Elution of Lead Ion -- 14. Kinetics of
H+/Cu2+ Ion Exchange on KPS and KS-10 Wofatits -- 15. Deoxygenation and Desalination of Water on Difunctional Strong Basic Anion Exchanger -- 16. Decoloring Mechanisms of Dye Stuff by Chemical Oxidation -- 17. Separation of
Oil-Containing Particles from Water in a Cyclone Flotation Machine -- 18. Post-Dyeing Wastewater Treatment in Co-Precipitation and Sorption Process -- 19. Phenomena Occurring on Phase Boundary in a Process of Coagulation and
Co-Precipitation -- 20. Removal of Sulphates from Tap Water by Precipitation or Crystallization of Ettryngite -- 21. The Elimination of Pesticides from Drinking- and Wastewater -- Wastewater Minimalization and Utilization -- 22.
Differences of Opinion in the Application, Usage, and Research of LCA -- 23. Chemical Conditioning for Removal of Water and Phosphate from Enhanced Sludge -- 24. Environmentally Safe Phosphate Feed Production Process: Technology
Progress -- 25. Inorganic Phosphorus Problem in Domestic Sewage -- 26. Environmental Implications of Substitution of Polyphosphate in Detergents by Chelating Ligands -- 27. Neutralization of Laundry Wastes by Coagulation -- 28.
Utilization of Leather Scraps after Chrome and Vegetable Tanning -- 29. Molten Salt Destruction of Energetic Material Wastes as an Alternative to Open Burning -- 30. The Influence of Molecular Oxygen on the Adsorption of Organic
Pollutants -- 31. Electrochemical Oxidation of Cyanide Complexes with Copper at Carbon Fibre -- 32. The Effect of Sulphur Dioxide on Reaction of Total Phenol Oxidation at Copper-Zinc Catalyst -- Pathways of Pollutants -- 33. Sorption
of Benzene, Toluene, and meta-Xylene to Contaminated Site Soils -- 34. Heavy Metals in the Soil-Water-Plant System: Importance of Interactions -- 35. Object-Oriented Simulation of Pathways of Chemicals in Nature -- 36. Adsorption and
Desorption of Cadmium, Copper, and Lead in Polish Mineral Soils -- 37. Mobilization of Heavy Metals from Soils by Acidification -- 38. Redox Resistance as a Feature Determining Fate and Transport of Pollutants in Soils Using the
Example of Mineral Soils of Poland -- 39. Sorption Characteristics of Organic Compounds in Landfill Leachate by Modified Clays -- 40. Assessment of the Effects of Hypolimnion Water Removal from the Kortowskie Lake -- Environmental
Analysis and Monitoring -- 41. Complexation of Copper (II), Cadmium (II) and Lead (II) with Humic and Fulvic Acids of Yamuna River Sediments -- 42. Application of a Passive Soil Vapor Survey at a Former Manufactured Gas Plant -- 43.
Use of a Portable, Fiber-Optics, CCD Spectrophotometer to Measure Friedel-Crafts Products in the Detection of Crude Oil, Fuel, and Solvent Contamination of Soil -- 44. Effects of Preservation Agents on Determinations of VOCs and HAAs
in Drinking Water -- 45. A Comparison of Soil- and Water Chemistry in a Catchment in China with Sites in Poland and Norway -- 46. The Trace Metal Elements in Water and Sediments of Hornád River Basin -- About the Editors. -- Author
Index
ISBN:9781461304050
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 51
Keywords: Life sciences , Chemistry , Ecology , Environment , Environmental management , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Life Sciences , Ecology , Environmental Management , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Environment, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461207474:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods A Geometric Primer
Author(s): David J Saville
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (268 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0747-4
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Aim of This Book -- 1.2 The Basic Idea -- 1.3 The General Method -- 1.4 An Alternative Test Statistic -- 1.5 Estimation -- 1.6 Layout of the Book -- 1.7 Word to Teachers -- 1.8 References -- 2 Paired Samples --
2.1 Mixed-Sex Twins -- 2.2 Sample Size of Two -- 2.3 Sample Size of Three -- 2.4 General Case -- 2.5 Summary -- Class Exercise -- Exercises -- 3 Independent Samples -- 3.1 Heights of Students -- 3.2 Samples of Size Two -- 3.3 General
Case -- 3.4 Summary -- Class Exercise -- Exercises -- 4 Several Independent Samples (Analysis of Variance) -- 4.1 Selenium Levels -- 4.2 Samples of Size Two -- 4.3 Full Data Set -- 4.4 General Case -- 4.5 Summary -- Class Exercise --
Exercises -- 5 Simple Regression -- 5.1 Air Pollution -- 5.2 Sample of Size Five -- 5.3 General Case -- 5.4 Summary -- Class Exercise -- Exercises -- 6 Overview -- 6.1 Statistical Triangle -- 6.2 Conclusion -- Exercises -- Appendices
-- A Geometric Tool Kit -- Exercises -- B Statistical Tool Kit -- C Computing -- C.1 Computing Using a Simple Spreadsheet -- C.2 Computing Using a Regression Routine -- C.3 Summary -- Exercises -- D Alternative Test Statistic -- D.1
Basic Idea -- D.2 Paired Samples -- D.3 General Method -- D.4 Independent Samples -- D.5 Several Independent Samples -- D.6 Simple Regression -- D.7 Equivalence of Test Statistics -- D.8 Summary -- Class Exercise -- Exercises -- E
Solutions to Exercises -- E.1 Solutions for Chapter 2 Exercises -- E.2 Solutions for Chapter 3 Exercises -- E.3 Solutions for Chapter 4 Exercises -- E.4 Solutions for Chapter 5 Exercises -- E.5 Solutions for Chapter 6 Exercises -- E.6
Solutions for Appendix A Exercises -- E.7 Solutions for Appendix C Exercises -- E.8 Solutions for Appendix D Exercises -- T Statistical Tables -- References
ISBN:9781461207474
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9789401100335:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Performance Computing in the Geosciences
Author(s):
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (261 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0033-5
Contents:Performance and Portability in Parallel Computing: a Weather Forecast View -- The New Canadian Variable-Resolution Model: a Universal Tool to Study Atmospheric Phenomena on a Broad Temporal and Spatial Scale -- Experiences with
Parallel Programming in Meteorology -- Porting the Quasi-Nonhydrostatic Meteorological Model to the Kendall Square Research KSR1 -- Automatic Differentiation, Tangent Linear Models, and (Pseudo-) Adjoints -- Iterative Domain
Decomposition Algorithms: Theory and Applications -- Parallel Computing and Operational Sea-Ice Forecasting -- Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Simulations -- First Considerations about Modelling the Ocean General Circulation on MIMD Machines
by Domain Decomposition Method -- Predicibility of the Oceanic Circulations -- Application of Fifth-Order Compact Upwind Differencing to Moisture Transport Equation in AGCM -- A Parallel Algorithm for Simulation of Long Range Transport
of Air Pollution -- Multidisciplinary Mathematical Model for Earthquake Prediction Studies -- Basic Functional Representation of Programs for Automatic Differentiation in the Odyssée System -- Translation Tools for High Performance
Computing -- Global Atmospheric and Ocean Modeling on the Connection Machine -- Efficiency of a Number of Processors in Integrating a Global Weather Model
ISBN:9789401100335
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 462
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric sciences , Numerical analysis , System theory , Air pollution , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Atmospheric Sciences , Systems Theory, Control , Numeric Computing , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9789401109628:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Predictability and Nonlinear Modelling in Natural Sciences and Economics
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (653 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-0962-8
Contents:1. Geophysics -- Karl Popper and the accountability of scientific models -- Evaluation of forecasts -- The Liouville equation and prediction of forecast skill -- An improved formula to describe error growth in meteorological models --
Searching for periodic motions in long-time series -- Comparison study of the response of the climate system to major volcanic eruptions and el nino events -- Detection of a pertubed equator-pole temperature gradient in a spectral
model of the atmospheric circulation -- A simple two-dimensional climate model with ocean and atmosphere coupling -- Climate modelling at different scales of space -- 2. Agriculture -- Simulation of effects of climatic change on
cauliflower production -- Validation of large scale process-oriented models for managing natural resource populations: a case study -- Uncertainty of predictions in supervised pest control in winter wheat, its price and its causes --
The implications and importance of non-linear responses in modelling the growth and development of wheat -- Growth curve analysis of sedentary plant parasitic nematodes in relation to plant resistance and tolerance -- 3. Population
Biology -- Using chaos to understand biological dynamics -- Qualitative analysis of unpredictability: a case study from childhood epidemics -- Control and prediction in seasonally driven population models -- Simple theoretical models
and population predictions -- Individual based population modelling -- Ecological systems are not dynamical systems: some consequences of individual variability -- Spatio-temporal organization mediated by hierarchy in time scales in
ensembles of predator-prey pairs -- Continental expansion of plant disease: a survey of some recent results -- Modelling of fish behavior -- 4. Systems sciences -- Understanding uncertain environmental systems -- System identification
by approximate realization -- Sensitivity analysis versus uncertainty analysis: when to use what? -- Monte Carlo estimation of uncertainty contributions from several independent multivariate sources -- Assessing sensitivities and
uncertainties in models: a critical evaluation -- UNCSAM: a software tool for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of mathematical models -- Set-membership identification of nonlinear conceptual models -- Parameter sensitivity and the
quality of model predictions -- Towards a metrics for simulation model validation -- Use of a Fourier decomposition technique in aquatic ecosystems modelling -- Multiobjective inverse problems with ecological and economical motivations
-- An expert-opinion approach to the prediction problem in complex systems -- 5. Environmental Sciences -- Critical loads and a dynamic assessment of ecosystem recovery -- Uncertainty analysis on critical loads for forest soils in
Finland -- Monte Carlo simulations in ecological risk assessment -- Sensitivity analysis of a model for pesticide leaching and accumulation -- Bayesian uncertainty analysis in water quality modelling -- Modelling dynamics of air
pollution dispersion in mesoscale -- Uncertainty factors analysis in linear water quality models -- Uncertainty analysis and risk assessment combined: application to a bioaccumulation model -- Diagnosis of model applicability by
identification of incompatible data sets illustrated on a pharmacokinetic model for dioxins in mamals -- Regional calibration of a steady state model to assess critical acid loads -- Uncertainty analysis for the computation of
greenhouse gas concentrations in IMAGE -- 6. Economics -- Forecast uncertainty in economics -- Some aspects of nonlinear discrete-time descriptor systems in economics -- Quasi-periodic and strange, chaotic attractors in Hick’s
nonlinear trade cycle model -- Monte Carlo experimentation for large scale forward-looking economic models -- Erratic dynamics in a restricted tatonnement process with two and three goods -- Chaotic dynamics in a two-dimensional
overlapping generation model: a numerical investigation -- Nonlinearity and forecasting aspects of periodically integrated autoregressions -- Classical and modified resealed range analysis: some evidence
ISBN:9789401109628
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Atmospheric sciences , Plant science , Botany , System theory , Mathematical models , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Environment , Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Environment, general , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Systems Theory, Control , Atmospheric Sciences , Plant Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461202455:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Dynamic Games and Applications
Author(s):
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (418 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0245-5
Contents:I. Zero-sum differential games: Theory and applications in worst-case controller design -- A Theory of Differential Games -- H?-Optimal Control of Singularly Perturbed Systems with Sampled-State Measurements -- New Results on
Nonlinear H? Control Via Measurement Feedback -- Reentry Trajectory Optimization under Atmospheric Uncertainty as a Differential Game -- II. Zero-sum differential games: Pursuit-evasion games and numerical schemes -- Fully Discrete
Schemes for the Value Function of Pursuit-Evasion Games -- Zero Sum Differential Games with Stopping Times: Some Results about its Numerical Resolution -- Singular Paths in Differential Games with Simple Motion -- The Circular Wall
Pursuit -- III. Mathematical programming techniques -- Decomposition of Multi-Player Linear Programs -- Convergent Stepsizes for Constrained Min-Max Algorithms -- Algorithms for the Solution of a Large-Scale Single-Controller
Stochastic Game -- IV. Stochastic games: Differential, sequential and Markov Games -- Stochastic Games with Average Cost Constraints -- Stationary Equilibria for Nonzero-Sum Average Payoff Ergodic Stochastic Games and General State
Space -- Overtaking Equilibria for Switching Regulator and Tracking Games -- Monotonicity of Optimal Policies in a Zero Sum Game: A Flow Control Model -- V. Applications -- Capital Accumulation Subject to Pollution Control: A
Differential Game with a Feedback Nash Equilibrium -- Coastal States and Distant Water Fleets Under Extended Jurisdiction: The Search for Optimal Incentive Schemes -- Stabilizing Management and Structural Development of Open-Access
Fisheries -- The Non-Uniqueness of Markovian Strategy Equilibrium: The Case of Continuous Time Models for Non-Renewable Resources -- An Evolutionary Game Theory for Differential Equation Models with Reference to Ecosystem Management --
On Barter Contracts in Electricity Exchange -- Preventing Minority Disenfranchisement Through Dynamic Bayesian Reapportionment of Legislative Voting Power -- Learning by Doing and Technology Sharing in Asymmetric Duopolies
ISBN:9781461202455
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Annals of the International Society of Dynamic Games : 1
Keywords: Mathematics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Game theory , Computer mathematics , Mathematical models , Probabilities , Mathematics , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Applications of Mathematics , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9783709126028:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (378 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-7091-2602-8
ISBN:9783709126028
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures: 329
Keywords: Physics , Engineering , Soil science , Soil conservation , Waste management , Air pollution , Water pollution , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Engineering, general , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Po , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Soil Science & Conservation
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789401126083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Black Sea Oceanography
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (487 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-2608-3
Contents:Hydrographic Variability in the Black Sea -- Double Diffusive Intrusions, Mixing and Deep Sea Convective Processes in the Black Sea -- On the Dynamics of the Southern Black Sea -- Noble Gases and Tritium in the Black Sea -- Factors
Affecting the Oxygen Isotopic Composition of the Black Sea -- Geochemical and Structural Aspects of the pycnocline in the Black Sea (R/V Knorr 134-8 Leg 1,1988) -- Nitrogen Transformations in the Oxic Layer of Permanent Anoxic Basins:
The Black Sea and the Cariaco Trench -- Thermodynamic Modelling of Trace Metal Speciation in the Black Sea -- Total and Suspended Cadmium, Cobalt, Copper, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Nickel, and Zinc in the Water Column of the Black Sea --
Potential for Manganese (II) Oxidation and Manganese (IV) Reduction to Co-occur in the Suboxic Zone of the Black Sea -- Sulfur and Iodine Speciation in the Water Column of the Black Sea -- The Oxidation of H2O with O2 in The Black Sea
-- Ruthenium-106 in the Black Sea -- 137Cs and 239,240Pu Concentrations in the Black Sea Water Column -- Radionuclide Distributions in Recent Black Sea Sediments -- Microbial Processes in the Black Sea Water Column and Top Sediment: An
Overview -- A Review of the General Food Web in the Black Sea -- Biogenic Aggregate Sedimentation in the Black Sea Basin -- On the Sulfur and Carbon Balances in the Black Sea -- Organic Matter Sources in the Black Sea as Inferred from
Hydrocarbon Distributions -- Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Geochemistry of Black Sea surface Sediments from Stations Spanning the Oxic: Anoxic Boundary -- The Nature and Distribution of Fluorescent Dissolved Organic Matter in the Black
Sea and the Cariaco Trench -- Recent Geological Evolution of the Black Sea: An Overview -- The Effects of Neotectonic Movements on the Recent Sedimentation of the SW Black Sea -- Upper Holocene Sediments of the Black Sea: Summary of
Leg 4 Box Cores (1988 Black Sea Oceanographic Expedition) -- Uranium Precipitation in Black Sea Sediments -- Pollution Chronology of the Golden Horn Sediments -- Sampling and Analysis of Aerosols in the Black Sea Atmosphere
ISBN:9789401126083
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 351
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geochemistry , Oceanography , Aquatic ecology , Earth Sciences , Oceanography , Freshwater & Marine Ecology , Geochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783642764530:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chernobyl Insight from the Inside
Author(s): Vladimir M Chernousenko
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (124 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-76453-0
Contents:1. Black Rain -- 1.1 Hiroshima and Nagasaki -- 1.2 Chernobyl -- 1.3 On the Design of the RBMK Blocks -- 1.4 The Ukraine -- 1.5 Politics Versus Rectification -- 1.6 Byelorussia -- 1.7 Narodichi -- 1.8 Criminal Actions -- 1.9 “Children
of Chernobyl” -- 1.10 The Rectification Program’s Summary of the Situation -- 1.11 The Chernobyl Union -- 2. The Explosion -- 2.1 An Operator Recalls: Explosion — Shock -- 2.2 The Next Shift on Duty -- 2.3 Afterwards -- 3. Who is
Really to Blame? — Designer or Staff? -- 3.1 The RBMK: Design Regulations and Safety System -- 3.2 Economics — Technology — the Human Factor -- 3.3 The Six Alleged Infringements of the Reactor Staff -- 3.4 Conclusions -- 4. The Zone --
4.1 Organizational Structure and Radiation Safety -- 4.2 Decontamination and Rectification -- 4.3 Firsthand Accounts -- 5. The Sarcophagus -- 6. In the Jaws of Hell -- 6.1 The Roof of Block 3 -- 6.2 Clean the Chimney Platforms! -- 6.3
A General Recalls Details of the Battle -- 7. The Rectifiers: Then and Now -- 7.1 A Rectifier Speaks Out -- 7.2 Not Related to Radiation -- 7.3 The Staff of the Power Station and Others -- 8. Radiophobia -- 8.1 The Head of the Regional
Civil Defense -- 8.2 No Panicking! -- 8.3 The Radiation Situation in Byelorussia -- 8.4 People’s Dosimetry -- 9. Hostages -- 9.1 Individual Life Doses and Safety Risks -- 9.2 What Can the Dose 35 rem per 70 Years Imply? -- 9.3 Outlook
-- 10. Beyond the Limit -- 10.1 Worries and Emotions -- 10.2 Scientific Data -- 10.3 A Systematic Survey -- 11. Doctor, Will I Live? -- 11.1 Physicians Present Their Observations -- 11.2 Systematic Blood Tests on Children in Polesskoye
-- 12. Mutants — Foreshadowing a Genetic Disaster? -- 12.1 Effects on Plants -- 12.2 Malformation in Farm Animals -- 12.3 Experimental and Observational Studies -- 13. Poisoned Waters -- 14.1 The Problems -- 13.2 Suggested Solutions --
14. Risk — or How Safe is our Safety? -- 14.1 A History of Safety Standards -- 14.2 Current Soviet Radiation Safety Standards -- 15. The Legacy of Chernobyl -- 15.1 Comments on the Chernobyl Rectification Program -- 15.2 Suggestions
for Modifications and Alternatives -- 15.3 Outlook -- 16. Reflections and Photographs -- Appendixes -- A. Glossary and Acronyms -- B. Reactor Technology -- C. Nuclear Power Plants and Environmental Pollution -- D. Data of Relevance to
Chapters 10 and 11 -- References -- List of Names -- List of Maps, Sketches, and Diagrams -- List of Tables
ISBN:9783642764530
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9789400905030:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Long-Range Atmospheric Transport of Natural and Contaminant Substances
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (321 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-0503-0
Contents:Intoduction -- 1. Large-Scale Meteorological Regimes and Transport Processes: -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Long-range-Transport Overview -- 1.3. The Atmospheric Pathway -- 1.4. Concluding Remarks -- 1.5. References -- 2. The
Long-Range Atmospheric Transport of Trace Elements a Critical Evaluation: -- 2.1. Overview -- 2.2. Atmospheric Trace Elements and their Sources -- 2.3. Trace-element Emissions to the Atmosphere -- 2.4. Atmospheric Trace-element
Transport -- 2.5. Atmospheric Trace-element Scavenging -- 2.6. Trace-element Recycling Between the Atmosphere and Oceans -- 2.7. Trace-element Deposition -- 2.8. The Effects and Significance -- 2.9. References -- 3. Mineral-Aerosol
Transport to the North Atlantic and North Pacific: the Impact of African and Asian Sources: -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. African Dust Transport Across the Tropical North Atlantic -- 3.3. Transport of Asian Dust Across the North Pacific
-- 3.4. Discussion and Conclusions -- 3.5. References -- 4. The Intercontinental Transport of Sulfur and Nitrogen: -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Sulfur and Nitrogen Characteristics -- 4.3. The Long-range Transport of Sulfur and Nitrogen
-- 4.4. Outlook for the Future -- 4.5. Conclusions -- 4.6. References -- 5. The Long-Range Transport of Organic Compounds: -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Analytical Aspects -- 5.3. Concentration Distribution -- 5.4. Rates of Atmospheric
Deposition -- 5.5. Transformations -- 5.6. References -- 6. Arctic Air Pollution: A Case Study of Continent-to-Ocean-to-Continent Transport: -- 6.1. The Phenomenon of Arctic Air Pollution -- 6.2. Sulfur Transport into the Arctic --
6.3. Knowledge Gaps and Future Research -- 6.4. References -- 7. Chernobyl: A Summary Case Study with Emphasis on the Transport and Deposition to Scandinavia: -- 7.1. Conclusions -- 7.2. References -- 8. Global Source Strength and
Large-Range Atmospheric Transport of Trace Elements Emitted by Volcanic Activity: -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. The Effect of Volcanoes on the Atmospheric Sulfur Budget -- 8.3. The Volcanic Sulfur Fall-out in Polar Snow and Ice -- 8.4.
Volcanic Output of Trace Elements into the Atmosphere -- 8.5. 210Po/210Pb as a Tracer of the Long-range Transport of Volcanic Aerosols -- 8.6. Summary -- 8.7. References -- 9: The Long-Range Transport of Trace Elements: Four Case
Studies: -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. The Long-Range Transport of Trace Elements to the Arctic -- 9.3. The Long-Range Transport of Trace Elements to the Pacific Ocean -- 9.4. The Long-Range Transport of Trace Elements to the
Mediterranean Sea -- 9.5. The Transport of Trace Elements Across the North Atlantic Ocean -- 9.6. Conclusions -- 9.7. Recommendations -- 9.8. References -- 10: The Long-Range Transport of Mineral Aerosols: Group Report: -- 10.1.
Introduction -- 10.2. Sources and Emissions -- 10.3. Transport and Transformation -- 10.4. Deposition -- 10.5. The Significance and Impact of the Long-Range Transport of Dust -- 10.6. Conclusions and Recommendations -- 10.7. References
-- 11: The Long-Range Transport of Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds: -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Sources -- 11.3. Favorable Transport Conditions -- 11.4. Vertical Transport -- 11.5. Chemical Transformations -- 11.6. Deposition
Processes -- 11.7. Case Studies -- 11.8. Uncertainties, Gaps, and Recommendations -- 11.9. References -- 12: The Long-Range Transport of Organic Compounds: -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Significance and Rationale -- 12.3. Sources --
12.4. Transport -- 12.5. Deposition -- 12.6. Transformations -- 12.7. Recommendations -- 12.8. References -- 13: Conclusions: -- 13.1. Introduction -- 13.2. Trace Elements -- 13.3. Mineral Aerosols -- 13.4. Sulfur and Nitrogen -- 13.5.
Organic Compounds -- 14: Gaps and Future Research Recommendations: -- 14.1. Gaps -- 14.2. Recommendations for Future Research -- Appendix Index
ISBN:9789400905030
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 297
Keywords: Earth sciences , Chemistry , Atmospheric sciences , Environment , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Environment, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1990-9781461538004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nitroarenes Occurrence, Metabolism, and Biological Impact
Author(s):
Date:1990
Size:1 online resource (333 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-3800-4
Contents:Epidemiology and Carcinogenesis -- Evidence from Animal Studies for the Carcinogenicity of Inhaled Diesel Exhaust -- Interpretation of Carcinogenicity and Effective Dose in Chronic Exposures of Rats to High Diesel Exhaust
Concentrations -- Carcinogenicity of Dinitroarenes in Rat Lung -- In Vivo Metabolism and Genotoxic Effects of the Air Pollutant and Marker for Nitro-PAH’s, 2-Nitrofluorene -- Chemistry, Detection, and Occurrence -- Nitroarenes: Their
Detection, Mutagenicity and Occurrence in the Environment -- The Atmospheric Formation of Nitroarenes and Their Occurrence in Ambient Air -- Metabolism of 1-Nitropyrene Oxides and Effect of Nitrogen Dioxide on Arene Activation --
Molecular Mechanisms -- Mutagenic and Biochemical Consequences of the Reaction of Arylamines with DNA -- Mutagenesis Induced by a Single Acetylaminofluorene Adduct within the Narl Site is Position Dependent -- Unusual Hydrogen Bonding
Patterns in 2-Aminofluorene (AF) and 2-Acetylaminofluorene (AAF) Modified DNA -- DNA Adduct Formation during Chronic Administration of an Aromatic Amine -- Aerial Oxidation of Acetylaminofluorene-Derived DNA Adducts -- Mutations and
Homologous Recombination Induced by N-Substituted Aryl Compounds in Mammalian Cells -- Comparison of the Mutagenic Potency of DNA Adducts Formed by Reactive Derivatives of Aflatoxin, Benzidine and 1-Nitropyrene in a Plasmid System --
Mutations Induced in the lacI Gene of E. coli by 1-Nitroso-8-Nitropyrene and Furylfuramide: The Influence of Plasmid pKM101 and Excision Repair on the Mutational Spectrum -- DNA Adduct Formation by 1-Nitropyrene 4,5- and 9,10-Oxide --
Nitropolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Diesel Exhaust: Potential Role of DNA Binding in Carcinogenicity -- Validation/Application of 32?-Postlabeling Analysis for the Detection of DNA Adducts Resulting from Complex Air Pollution
Sources Containing PAHs and Nitrated PAHs -- Analysis of NO2-PAH DNA Adducts by Mass Spectrometry -- Metabolism -- Generation of Reactive Intermediates from 2-Nitrofluorene that Bind Covalently to DNA, RNA and Protein In Vitro and In
Vivo in the Rat -- Activation of Carcinogenic N-Arylhydroxamic Acids by Peroxidase/H2O2/Halide Systems: Route to C-Nitroso Aromatics -- Biochemical Studies on the Putative Nitroso Metabolite of Chloramphenicol: A New Model for the
Cause of Aplastic Anemia -- Mechanisms of FANFT/ANFT Induced Bladder Cancer -- Mutagenic Arylazides, Arylnitrenes, Arylnitrenium Ions -- Products Obtained by In Vitro Reaction of 4,5-Epoxy4,5-Dihydro-1-Nitropyrene with DNA -- Oxidative
Metabolism of Nitrated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mammalian Cell Fractions -- Metabolic Activation of 6-Nitrochrysene and 6-Aminochrysene In Vitro and In Vivo -- Summary -- The Possible Role of Nitroarenes in Human Cancer --
Abstracts Presented at the Meeting -- Contributor Index
ISBN:9781461538004
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 40
Keywords: Life sciences , Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , Ecotoxicology , Waste management , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Waste Management/Waste Technology , Ecotoxicology , Physical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400923522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Unsaturated Flow in Hydrologic Modeling Theory and Practice
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (532 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-2352-2
Contents:1. Perspective and Fundamentals of Unsaturated Flow -- Background Concepts and Principles -- Multiphase Flow in Porous Media: Description at the Pore and Macroscopic Scale -- Flow of Water and Air in Soils: Theoretical and
Experimental Aspects -- 2. Components in the Description of Unsaturated Flow -- Infiltration and Ponding Time -- Liquid Moisture Redistribution: Hydrologie Simulation and Spatial Variability -- Evaluation of the Hydrological Response
of a Drainage Network -- Interflow -- Unsaturated Flow Induced by Evaporation and Transpiration -- Prediction of Water Table Mound Development and Aquifer Recharge from an Infiltrating Area -- 3. Parameters Estimation and Numerical
Techniques -- Estimation of Soil Water Retention and Hydraulic Properties -- Remote Sensing of Watershed Characteristics and Rainfall Input -- Numerical Simulation of Richards Equation: Current Approaches and an Alternate Perspective
-- 4. Treatment of Unsaturated Zone in Hydrologic Models -- Loss Rate Representation in the HEC-1 Watershed Model -- Comparative Evaluation of Unsaturated Flow Methods in Selected USDA Simulation Models -- The Unsaturated Components of
SWATCH: A Multiprocess Watershed Model for Runoff Generation and Routing -- Spatially Distributed Modeling: Conceptual Approach, Coupling Surface Water and Groundwater -- Influence of Spatial Variability of Saturated Hydraulic
Conductivity on the Infiltration Process -- 5. Miscellaneous -- Analytic Steady-State Solution to One-Dimensional Unsaturated Water Flow in Layered Soils -- The Constant Head Percolation Test-Improved Equipment and Possibilities of
Assessing the Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity -- Mobility of Residual Phase Organics in the Vadose Zone -- The Movement of Water in Swelling Clays -- General List of Symbols
ISBN:9789400923522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 275
Keywords: Earth sciences , Hydrogeology , Geotechnical engineering , Soil science , Soil conservation , Environmental pollution , Earth Sciences , Hydrogeology , Soil Science & Conservation , Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences , Terrestrial Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400919600:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Methods for the Assessment of Point Source Pollution Proceedings of a Workshop on Statistical Methods for the Assessment of Point Source Pollution, held in Burlington, Ontario, Canada
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (374 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-1960-0
Contents:Setting and Detecting Compliance -- Some Statistical Considerations in the Assessment of Compliance -- A Proposed Misa Approach to Setting Limits and Assessing Compliance -- Use of Statistical Methods in Industrial Water Pollution
Control Regulations in the United States [29] -- Continuous Effluent Consents: Modelling and Compliance Testing -- Auditing the Quality of Effluent Discharges -- Trend Detection -- Intervention Analysis in Environmental Engineering --
The Effect of Autocorrelated Errors on Change-Detection Statistics -- Time Series Analysis of Unequally Spaced Observations — With Applications to Copper Contamination of the River Gaula in Central Norway -- Treatment Plant Perfomance
Evaluation -- A Statistics-Based System for Treatment Plant Operation -- State Estimation in Wastewater Engineering: Application to an Anaerobic Process -- Censored Data -- Some Comments on Analysis Techniques for Censored Water
Quality Data -- Inferences about the Variability of Means from Censored Data -- Load Estimation -- Evaluation of Phosphorus Loads from Ontario Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants -- On the Estimation of Phosphorus from the Niagara
River to Lake Ontario -- Status of the Niagara River Point Source Discharge Information: Sampling Design and Estimation of Loading -- Inferences about Point Source Loadings from Upstream/Downstream River Monitoring Data --
Miscellaneous -- Measures of Row Variability for Great Lakes Tributaries -- Statistical Zonation of Sediment Samples Using Ratio Matching and Cluster Analysis -- Graphics/Microcomputers -- Robust Graphical Methods for Diagnosing Trend
in Irregularly Spaced Water Quality Time Series -- Development of a Software Package for Trend Detection in Temporal Series: Application to Water and Industrial Effluent Quality Data for the St. Lawrence River -- Statistical Software
for Microcomputers — A User’s View -- Glossary of Statistical Terms
ISBN:9789400919600
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Probabilities , Pollution , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Pollution, general , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9789400930797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites
Author(s):
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (670 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3079-7
Contents:I Modelling Cloud Chemistry and Deposition -- Atmospheric Chemistry at Elevated Sites — A Discussion of the Processes Involved and the Limits of Current Understanding -- Meteorological and Chemical Factors Influencing Cloud-Water
Composition in a Non-Precipitating, Liquid- Water Updraft -- Photochemical Production of Carboxylic Acids in a Remote Continental Atmosphere -- Sulphur Scavenging in a Mesoscale Model with Quasi-Spectral Microphysics -- II Cloud and
Rain Chemistry: Process Studies -- Physical Influences of Altitude on the Chemical Properties of Clouds and of Water Deposited From the Troposphere -- Measurements of the Short-Term Variability of Aqueous-Phase Mass Concentrations in
Cloud Droplets -- Processes Determining Cloudwater Composition: Inferences from Field Measurements -- Cloud Microphysical Processes Relevant to Cloud Chemistry -- Modelling Wet Deposition Onto Elevated Topography -- Cloud Chemistry
Research at Great Dun Fell -- Measurements of Ambient SO2 And H2O2 At Great Dun Fell and Evidence of Their Reaction in Cloud -- Wet Deposition and Altitude, The Role of Orographic Cloud -- Time Resolution in Precipitation and Cloud
Sampling -- Controlled Chemical Kinetic Experiments in Cloud: A Review of the CERL/UMIST Great Dun Fell Project -- Physics of Cloudwater Deposition and Evaporation at Castlelaw, S.E. Scotland -- A Comparison of Methods for Estimating
Cloud Water Deposition To A New Hampshire (USA) Subalpine Forest -- III Cloud and Rain Chemistry: Monitoring Studies -- A Comparison of Atmospheric Exposure Conditions at High-and Low-Elevation Forests in the Southern Appalachian
Mountain Range -- Chemical Concentrations in Cloud Water from Four Sites in the Eastern United States -- Measurements of the Properties of High Elevation Fog in Quebec, Canada -- Experiment Alsdan (1985): Some Preliminary Results of
Height Resolved Measurements of Trace Gases, Aerosol Composition, Cloud- and Precipitation Water -- Chemistry of Cloud Water and Precipitation at an Alpine Mountain Station -- Measurements of the Chemical Composition in Cloud and
Fogwater -- Chemical Composition of Wet Deposition in he Eastern Alpine Region -- Concentration Gradients in Atmospheric Precipitation in Areas of High Annual Precipitation -- Fog Chemistry and Deposition in the Po Valley, Italy -- IV
Dry, Wet and Occult Deposition -- Particles in Orographic Cloud and the Implications of Their Transfer to Plant Surfaces -- High Efficiency Annular Denuders for the Determination of Species Responsible For Atmospheric Acidity -- A Fog
Chamber and Wind Tunnel Facility for Calibration of Cloud Water Collectors -- Chemical Composition of Bulk Atmospheric Deposition to Snow at Col De Le Brenva (MT Blanc Area) -- Chemical Composition of the Seasonal Snowcover at a
Southern French Alps Site: Some Preliminary Results -- Chemical Composition of Snow in the Remote Scottish Highlands -- Measuring and Modelling Dry Deposition in Mountainous Areas -- Numerical Simulation of SO2 Concentration and Dry
Deposition Fields in the Tulla Experiment -- A New Instrument for SO2 Eddy Flux Measurements -- Gaseous Deposition of SO2, NOx and O3 to a Spruce Stand in the National Park “Bayerischer Wald” -- V Processes at the Surface -- Deposition
Rates of Airborne Substances to Forest Canopies in Relation to Surface Structure -- A Simple and Appropriate Method for the Assessment of Total Atmospheric Deposition in Forest Ecosystem Monitoring -- Observations on Wet and Dry
Deposition to Foliage at a High Elevation Site -- Chemical Interactions Between Cloud Droplets and Trees -- Chemical and Physical Processes in Acid Rain Drops on Leaf Surfaces -- Author Index
ISBN:9789400930797
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 252
Keywords: Earth sciences , Atmospheric sciences , Environment , Air pollution , Earth Sciences , Atmospheric Sciences , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution , Environment, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9789400939233:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carbon Dioxide as a Source of Carbon Biochemical and Chemical Uses
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (441 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-3923-3
Contents:Acknowledgements -- The Carbon Dioxide Problem Mankind Energy Needs and Environmental Pollution -- Industrial Uses of Carbon Dioxide -- Electrochemical Approaches to the Reduction of Carbon Dioxide -- Interactions of CO2 with
Transition-Metal Systems, Including Metal Surfaces -- Photosynthetic Electron Transport: the Source of Electrons for CO2 Reduction in Photosynthesis -- Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase (RuBisCO) (Isolation, Structure,
and Regulation) -- Chlorophyll Function in Plant Photosynthesis and Nonbiological Applications. Isotope Effects in Photoreduction of Carbon Dioxide by Water -- Photo- and Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide -- The Enzyme
Carbonic Anhydrase -- Evolution of Models for the Structural, Spectroscopic, and Catalytic Properties of Carbonic Anhydrase -- C3 Photosynthesis in Algae: the Importance of Inorganic Carbon Concentrating Mechanisms -- Past and Present:
Long Term Changes in Atmospheric CO2 Concentration and Plant Strategies for the Optimisation of Photosynthesis -- Photosynthetic Bacteria -- Carbon Dioxide Reduction by Anaerobic Bacteria -- Stoichiometric Reactions of C-C bond
Formation Promoted by Metal Systems -- Catalytic Reactions of Carbon Dioxide with Hydrocarbons -- Fixation and Activation of Carbon Dioxide with Metalloporphyrin -- Copolymerization of Carbon Dioxide and Epoxide -- Electrochemical
Syntheses of Carboxylic Acids from Carbon Dioxide -- Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as an Extraction Agent -- List of Short Communications presented at the NATO-ASI Summer School -- List of Participants in the NATO-ASI Summer School --
Conclusions -- Specialists Reports and Suggestions for Future Work
ISBN:9789400939233
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 206
Keywords: Life sciences , Organic chemistry , Biochemistry , Plant physiology , Life Sciences , Biochemistry, general , Plant Physiology , Organic Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1986-9789401180368:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Magnetism
Author(s): Roy Thompson
Date:1986
Size:1 online resource (228 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-8036-8
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Magnetic properties of solids -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Basic magnetic properties -- 2.3 Hysteresis -- 2.4 Effects of crystal size, shape and structure -- 2.5 Time dependence of magnetisation -- 2.6 Grain
interactions -- 2.7 Summary -- Further reading -- 3 Natural magnetic minerals -- 3.1 Iron and its abundance -- 3.2 Iron oxides -- 3.3 Pyrrhotite and the iron sulphides -- 3.4 Iron hydroxides and oxyhydroxides -- 3.5 Other magnetic
minerals -- 3.6 Formation of natural magnetic minerals -- 3.7 Summary -- Further reading -- 4 Magnetic properties of natural materials -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Units -- 4.3 Magnetic remanence -- 4.4 Magnetic susceptibility -- 4.5
Anisotropy of susceptibility -- 4.6 Magnetic hysteresis -- 4.7 General magnetic properties of natural materials -- 4.8 Temperature dependence of magnetic properties -- 4.9 Summary -- Further reading -- 5 The Earth’s magnetic field --
5.1 Geomagnetism -- 5.2 Palaeomagnetism -- 5.3 Summary -- Further reading -- 6 Techniques of magnetic measurements -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Measurement of remanent magnetisation -- 6.3 Measurement of initial susceptibility -- 6.4
Measurement of induced magnetisation -- 6.5 Magnetic cleaning techniques -- 6.6 Magnetic fields -- 6.7 Portable instruments -- 6.8 A basic environmental magnetic kit -- 6.9 Summary -- Further reading -- 7 Magnetic minerals and
environmental systems -- 7.1 Surface processes and magnetic minerals -- 7.2 Primary and secondary magnetic minerals -- 7.3 Magnetic minerals and material flux -- 7.4 Natural remanence and mineral magnetic properties -- 7.5 Sampling and
measurement -- 7.6 Summary -- 8 Soil magnetism -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Magnetic properties of soil minerals -- 8.3 Weathering and magnetic properties -- 8.4 The magnetic enhancement of surface soils -- 8.5 Particle size
relationships -- 8.6 Some representative soil profiles -- 8.7 The effects of gleying on magnetic properties -- 8.8 Soil magnetism and slope processes -- 8.9 The persistence of magnetic oxides in the soil -- 8.10 Soil magnetism and
archaeology -- 8.11 Conclusions -- 9 Magnetic minerals and fluvial processes -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Suspended sediment sources -- 9.3 Magnetic tagging and tracing of stream bedload -- 9.4 Magnetic measurements of
stormwatersuspended solids -- 9.5 Conclusions -- 10 Mineral magnetic studies of lake sediments -- 10.1 Lake sediments and environmental reconstruction -- 10.2 The origin of magnetic minerals in lake sediments -- 10.3 Sampling and
measurement -- 10.4 Prospecting, core correlation and sediment accumulation rates -- 10.5 Sediment resuspension and focusing -- 10.6 Sediment sources and ecological change -- 10.7 Magnetic measurements and fire -- 10.8 Lake sediment
magnetism and climatic change -- 10.9 Summary and conclusions -- 11 Magnetic minerals in the atmosphere -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Sources of magnetic minerals in the atmosphere -- 11.3 Magnetic properties and aerosol modes -- 11.4
Magnetic-heavy metal linkages -- 11.5 Peat magnetism and the history of atmospheric particulate deposition -- 11.6 Contemporary particulate pollution monitoring -- 11.7 Magnetic particulates in ice and snow -- 11.8 Global dust studies
-- 11.9 Summary and conclusions -- 12 Mineral magnetism in marine sediments -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 The origin and flux of marine magnetic minerals -- 12.3 Core correlation in marine sediments -- 12.4 Mineral magnetism and
palaeoclimate in deep-sea sediments -- 12.5 Particulate pollution monitoring in coastal waters -- 12.6 Summary and conclusions -- 13 Reversal magnetostratigraphy -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Geomagnetic signatures -- 13.3 The
geomagnetic polarity timescale -- 13.4 Polarity transitions -- 13.5 Summary -- 14 Secular variation magnetostratigraphy -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Experimental methods -- 14.3 Magnetic dating and magnetostratigraphy -- 14.4 Origin of
palaeolimnomagnetic secular variation -- 14.5 Palaeomagnetic pitfalls -- 14.6 Excursions and the reinforcement syndrome -- 14.7 Summary -- 15 Biomagnetism -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Magnetic navigation -- 15.3 Pneumomagnetism -- 15.4
Cardiomagnetism -- 15.5 Neuromagnetism -- 15.6 Summary -- 16 The Rhode River, Chesapeake Bay, an integrated catchment study -- 16.1 Physical setting -- 16.2 Sediment sources -- 16.3 Study aims -- 16.4 Methods -- 16.5 The magnetic
mineralogy of the Rhode River catchment -- 16.6 Suspended sediment samples -- 16.7 Estuarine sediment cores: mineral magnetic characteristics -- 16.8 Chronology and links with land-use change -- 16.9 Summary and implications -- 17
Prospects -- 17.1 Palaeomagnetism of recent sediments -- 17.2 The mineral magnetic approach -- Glossary of magnetic terms -- References
ISBN:9789401180368
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Physics , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9781489922489:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mediterranean Marine Ecosystems
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (408 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-2248-9
Contents:Ecological Factors and their Biogeographic Consequences in the Mediterranean Ecosystems -- The Mediterranean Benthos: Reflections and Problems Raised by a Classification of the Benthic Assemblages -- On the Biogeography of the Benthic
Algae of the Mediterranean -- Distribution and Ecology of Endemic Elements in the Mediterranean Fauna (Fishes and Echinoderms) -- Mediterranean Sea Meiobenthos -- The Deep Mediterranean Benthos -- The Eastern Mediterranean Shelf
Ecosystem in Global Connexion Including some Biological and Geological Implications -- Effects of Pollution and Man-Made Modifications on Marine Benthic Communities in the Mediterranean: A Review -- The Effects of the Geological and
Physico-chemical Factors on the Distribution of Marine Plants and Animals in the Mediterranean -- Environmental Control of the Mesoscale Distribution of Primary Producers and its Bearing to Primary Production in the Western
Mediterranean -- Phytoplankton Production in Oligotrophic Marine Ecosystems: the Mediterranean Sea -- Deep Phytoplankton and Chlorophyll Maxima in the Western Mediterranean -- Features and Peculiarities of Zooplankton Communities from
the Western Mediterranean -- The Zooplankton Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean (Levantine Basin, Aegean Sea): Influence of Man-Made Factors -- Processes of Differentiation Between Mediterranean Populations of the Super-Species
Tisbe clodiensis Battaglia and Fava (1968) (Copepoda) -- Evolutionary and Zoogeographical Remarks on the Mediterranean Fauna of Brachyuran Crabs -- The Impact of the Lessepsian (Suez Canal) Fish Migration on the Eastern Mediterranean
Ecosystem -- Mediterranean Marine Ecosystems: Establishment of Zooplanktonic Communities in Transitional and Partly Isolated Areas -- Contributors -- Species Index
ISBN:9781489922489
Series:eBooks
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Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series, I Ecology : 8
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9781461578499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Short-Term Bioassays in the Analysis of Complex Environmental Mixtures IV
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (384 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-7849-9
Contents:Keynote Address -- Keynote Address -- Session 1: New Developments and Techniques -- Use of the Microscreen Assay for Airborne Particulate Organic Matter -- Development of an InSitu Test System for Detection of Mutagens in the
Workplace -- Perturbations of Enzymic Initiation of Excision Repair Due to Guanine Modification in DNA -- Plant Genetic Assays to Evaluate Complex Environmental Mixtures -- Studies with Gaseous Mutagens in DrosophilaMelanogaster --
Anaphase Aberrations: An InVitro Test for Assessing the Genotoxicity of Individual Chemicals and Complex Mixtures -- Anaphase Aberrations: An InVivo Measure of Genotoxicity -- Measurement of Chemically Induced Mitotic Nondisjunction
Using a Monochromosomal Human/Mouse Hybrid Cell Line -- Toxicologic Responses to a Complex Coal Conversion By-Product: Mammalian Cell Mutagenicity and Dermal Carcinogenicity -- Increased Virus Transformation by Formaldehyde of Hamster
Embryo Cells Pretreated with Benzo(a)pyrene -- Enhancement of Anchorage-Independent Survival of Retrovirus-Infected Fischer Rat Embryo Cells for Determining the Carcinogenic Potential of Chemical and Physical Agents -- Correlation
Between InVivo Tumorigenesis and InVitro Cytotoxicity in CHO and V79 Cells After Exposure to Mineral Fibers -- Quality Assurance and Good Laboratory Practice Regulations for Short-Term Bioassays of Complex Mixtures -- Generation and
Characterization of Complex Gas and Particle Mixtures for Inhalation Toxicologic Studies -- Session 2: Integrated Assessment -- Nitro Compounds in Environmental Mixtures and Foods -- The Effect of Atmospheric Transformation Upon the
Bacterial Mutagenicity of Airborne Organics: The EPA Experience -- Mutagenicity Studies of New Jersey Ambient Air Particulate Extracts -- Interurban Variations in the Mutagenic Activity of the Ambient Aerosol and Their Relations to
Fuel Use Patterns -- Mutagenicity Analyses of Industrial Effluents: Results and Considerations for Integration into Water Pollution Control Programs -- Isolation of Mutagenic Compounds from Sludges and Wastewaters -- Session 3: Risk
Assessment -- Application of Short-Term Tests in Monitoring Occupational Exposure to Complex Mixtures -- An Integrated Approach to Human Monitoring -- Human Cytogenetic Monitoring: Occupational Exposure to Ethylene Oxide -- Direct
Mutagen Risk Assessment: The Development of Methods to Measure Immunologic and Genetic Responses to Mutagens -- Risk Assessment of Complex Mixtures -- Comparative Potency of Complex Mixtures: Use of Short-Term Genetic Bioassays in
Cancer Risk Assessment
ISBN:9781461578499
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 32
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783642455834:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geodetic Refraction Effects of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Through the Atmosphere
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (216 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45583-4
Contents:A. Overview of Geodetic Refraction Studies -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Challenge -- 3. Organisation -- References -- B. Two Wavelength Angular Refraction Measurement -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Theory of the Method -- 3. Instrumental
Methods -- 4. Concluding Discussion -- Appendix: Notation -- References -- C. Effects of Atmospheric Turbulence on Geodetic Interference Measurements: Methods of its Reduction -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- 3.
Angle-of-Arrival Fluctuation: Estimation of the Effect -- 4. Linear Interference Measurements: Fluctuation Effect and its Reduction -- Appendix: Notation -- References -- D. Multiple Wavelength Electromagnetic Distance Measurement --
1. Introduction -- 2. Instrument Design — General Principles -- 3. Instrument Design — Engineering Tradeoffs -- 4. Proposed Instrument Design -- 5. Current Instrument -- References -- E. Water Vapor Radiometry in Geodetic Applications
-- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Problem -- 3. Formulation of the Algorithm -- 4. Determination of “Constants” in the Algorithm -- 5. Instrumentation -- 6. Vapor Effects on Baseline Determination -- 7. Summary and Conclusions -- Appendix
A: Notation -- References -- F. Temperature and Humidity Structure in the Lower Atmosphere -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Broad Considerations -- 3. The Atmospheric Surface Layer -- 4. The Atmospheric Boundary Layer -- 5. Surface
Complexities -- Notation -- References -- G. Modelling of Atmospheric Effects on Terrestrial Geodetic Measurements -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Concept of Modelling -- 3. The Atmospheric Turbulence Model -- 4. Integral Models for r? -- 5.
Model Evaluation -- 6. Conclusion -- Appendix A: Notation -- References -- H. Refraction in Geodetic Levelling -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Investigations of Refraction by Kukkamäki -- 3. General Equation for Levelling Refraction -- 4.
Temperature Gradient in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer -- 5. The Holdahl Model for Levelling -- 6. National Geodetic Survey Tests -- 7. Investigations using Angus-Leppan Equations -- 8. Statistical Analysis -- 9. Systematic and Random
Effects -- 10. Conclusions -- Appendix: Notation -- I. Atmospheric Refraction Effects in Time and Latitude Observations Using Classical Techniques -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Expressions for Astronomical Refraction -- 3. Refraction
Problems in VZT, PZT and Astrolabe Observations -- 4. Actual Atmospheric Structure -- 5. Refraction Effects and Meteorological Improvements for Their Corrections -- 6. Concluding Remarks -- References -- J. The Equations of
Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in a Refractive Medium Corotating with the Earth -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Variational Problem -- 3. The Variational Principle of the Wave Equations in an Electromagnetic Medium -- 4. A Discussion of
the Wave Equation in an Earth-Fixed Frame -- Appendix A: Notation -- Appendix B: The Formal Structure of Electromagnetism -- References
ISBN:9783642455834
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Air pollution , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781468482348:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Trace Element Speciation in Surface Waters and Its Ecological Implications
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (320 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-8234-8
Contents:1. Trace Element Speciation and the Quality of Surface Waters: An Introduction to the Scope for Research -- Analytical Approaches to the Problem of Trace Element Speciation -- 2. The Current Status of Trace Element Speciation Studies
in Natural Waters -- 3. Physical Separation Techniques in Trace Element Speciation Studies -- 4. Voltammetric Studies on Trace Metal Speciation in Natural Waters. Part I: Methods -- 5. Complex Formation in Solution and in Heterogeneous
Systems -- 6. Direct Speciation Analysis of Molecular and Ionic Organometals -- Trace Element Species and General Aspects of Their Interactions with Aquatic Life -- 7. Bioavailability, Trace Element Associations With Colloids and an
Emerging Interest in Colloidal Organic Fibrils -- 8. Biological Effects Under Laboratory Conditions -- 9. Feasibilities and Limits of Field Experiments to Study Ecological Implications of Heavy Metal Pollution -- 10. Biological
Response to Trace Metals and Their Biochemical Effects -- 11. Biological Aspects of Trace Element Speciation in the Aquatic Environment -- 12. Biological Control of Trace Metal Equilibria in Surface Waters -- New Perspectives and
Future Actions -- 13. Voltammetric Studies on Trace Metal Speciation in Natural Waters Part II: Application and Conclusions for Chemical Oceanography and Chemical Limnology -- 14. Neutron Activation Analysis Applied to Speciate Trace
Elements in Freshwater -- 15. Trace Element Speciation in Surface Waters: Interactions with Particulate Matter -- 16. Is Analytically-Defined Chemical Speciation the Answer We Need to Understand Trace Element Transfer Along A Trophic
Chain? -- 17. Laboratory and Field Approaches to Environmental Effects Monitoring with Emphasis on Some Microbial-Heavy Metal Relations
ISBN:9781468482348
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:NATO Conference Series, I Ecology : 6
Keywords: Environment , Air pollution , Environment , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461336112:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Short-Term Bioassays in the Analysis of Complex Environmental Mixtures III
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (589p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3611-2
Contents:Session 1: Collection And Preparation of Environmental Samples for Bioassays -- Some Aspects of Mutagenicity Testing of the Particulate Phase and the Gas Phase of Diluted and Undiluted Automobile Exhaust* -- Source Assessment Sampling
System (SASS) Versus Dilution Tunnel Sampling* -- Preparation of Hazardous and Complex Samples for Ecological Testing* -- Sample Collection and Preparation Methods Affecting Mutagenicity and Cytotoxicity of Coal Fly Ash* -- The Use of
Short-Term Bioassays to Monitor the Environmental Impact of Land Treatment of Hazardous Wastes* -- Mutagenicity Testing of Complex Mixtures Derived from Human Body Fluids* -- Evaluation by the Tradescantia Micronucleus test of the
Mutagenicity of Internal Combustion Engine Exhaust Fumes from Diesel and Diesel-Soybean Oil Mixed Fuels+ -- Session 2: Application of Bioassays to the Characterization of Hazardous Components -- Microbial Assays in Research and in the
Characterization of Complex Mixtures* -- Fractionation of an Oil Shale Retort Process Water: Isolation of Photoactive Genotoxic Components* -- The Integration of Bioassay and Physiochemical Information for Complex Mixtures* -- Session
3: Development of Short-Term Bioassays: Mutagenicity and Cytotoxicity -- Isolation of Mutagens from Drinking Water: Something Old, Something New* -- Mutagenicity Testing of Complex Environmental Mixtures with Chinese Hamster Ovary
Cells* -- Bioassays of Oil Shale Process Waters in Paramecium and Salmonella* -- A Search for the Identity of Genotoxic Agents in the Ambient Air Using the Tradescantia Bioassay* -- Relationship(s) Between Mutation and Cytotoxicity
Induced InVitro* -- The Mouse Oocyte Toxicity Assay* -- Application of Bovine Macrophage Bioassays in the Analysis of Toxic Agents in Complex Environmental Mixtures* -- Determination of Direct-Acting Mutagens and Clastogens in Oil
Shale Retort Process Water* -- Unscheduled DNA Synthesis in Hamster Tracheal Epithelium Exposed InVitro to Chemical Carcinogens and Environmental Pollutants+ -- InVitro Mutagenicity Testing of Ohio Coal-Derived Materials+ -- Presence
of Various Types of Mutagenic Impurities in Carbon Black Detected by the Salmonella Assay+ -- Session 4: Development of Short-Term Bioassays: Carcinogenicity -- Criterion Development for the Application of BALB/c-3T3 Cells to Routine
Testing for Chemical Carcinogenic Potential* -- A Quantitative, Clonal Assay for Carcinogen-Induced Alterations of Respiratory Epithelial Cells in Culture* -- Recent Experience with the Strain A Mouse Pulmonary Tumor Bioassay Model* --
Integrated Chemical and Biological Analysis of Asphalt and Pitch Fumes* -- Mouse Skin Carcinogenesis: Application to the Analysis of Complex Mixtures* -- Session 5: Development of Short-Term Bioassays: Teratology -- Frog Embryo
Teratogenesis Assay: Xenoplus (FETAX) -- A Short-Term Assay Applicable to Complex Environmental Mixtures* -- Human Serum Teratogenicity Studies Using In Vitro Cultures of Rat Embryos* -- A Teratology Test System which Utilizes
Postnatal Growth and Visibility in the Mouse* -- Session 6: Integrated Assessment -- Mutagenicity of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent: A Comprehensive Study of Complex Mixtures* -- Evaluation in Man and Animals of Tests for the Detection
of Population Exposures to Genotoxic Chemicals* -- Biological Activity of Air Particulate Extracts (APE) in Short-Term Tests* -- On the Use of Relative Toxicity for Risk Estimation* -- Passive Smoking and Urban Air Pollution:
Salmonella/Microsome Mutagenicity Assay of Simultaneously Collected Indoor and Outdoor Particulate Matter* -- Environmental Aromatic Nitro Compounds and Their Bacterial Detoxification* -- Application of Mutagenicity Tests for Detection
and Source Assessment of Genotoxic Agents in the Rubber Work Atmosphere* -- Mutagens in Airborne Particulate Pollutants and Nitro Derivatives Produced by Exposure of Aromatic Compounds to Gaseous Pollutants* -- *Invited paper
ISBN:9781461336112
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Series:Environmental Science Research : 27
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9781461254300:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Political and Related Models
Author(s):
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (396 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-5430-0
Contents:1. The Process of Applied Mathematics -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Applied Mathematics as a Process -- 3. The Construction and Use of Mathematical Models -- 4. Planetary Motion: The Evolution of a Model -- 5. An Example from Psychology --
6. Concluding Remarks -- References -- 2. Proportional Representation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Cumulative Voting -- 3. Single Transferable Vote -- 4. Cumulative Voting with Transfer of Surplus -- 5. Cumulative Voting with Transfer of
Surplus and Elimination of Low-Ranking Candidates -- 6. An Illustration of the Use of Cumulative Voting -- 7. STV versus CTV -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 3. Comparison Voting -- 1. Preview: Do the Rules of the Game Make
a Difference? -- 2. Introduction -- 3. Negative Voting in Two-Candidate Contests -- 4. Negative Voting in Three-Candidate Contests without a Runoff -- 5. Negative Voting in Three-Candidate Contests with a Runoff -- 6. Advantages of
Approval Voting -- 7. General Results for Approval Voting -- 8. The Possible Confounding Effects of a Poll -- 9. Approval Voting and Presidential Elections -- 10. Summary and Conclusions -- Solutions to Selected Exercises -- References
-- Notes for the Instructor -- 4. Modeling Coalitional Values -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Basic Concepts -- 3. Some Experiments -- 4. Some Pollution Models -- 5. Equitable User’s Fees -- 6. Economic Markets -- 7. Business Games --
References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 5. Urban Wastewater Management Planning -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Description of the Study Area and the Scenario -- 3. Environmental Engineering Design -- 4. Economic Analysis -- 5. Financial
Analysis -- 6. Environmental Impact Statement—Ecology -- 7. Public Participation -- 8. Political Science -- 9. Epilogue -- Notes for the Instructor -- 6. An Everyday Approach to Matrix Operations -- 1. Introduction to Vectors and
Matrices -- 2. Vector Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication by Scalars -- 3. Vector Inner Product -- 4. Multiplication of a Matrix and a Vector -- 5. Matrix Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication -- 6. Properties of Matrix
Operations and Special Matrices -- 7. Matrices and Profits -- Exercises -- Reference -- Notes for the Instructor -- 7. Sources of Applications of Mathematics in Ecological and Environmental Subject Areas, Suitable for Classroom Use --
1. Introduction -- 2. Probability Theory -- 3. Matrix and Linear Algebra -- 4. Calculus -- 5. Differential Equations -- 6. Game Theory -- 7. Graph Theory -- 8. Optimal Control Theory -- 9. Miscellaneous -- References -- 8. How To Ask
Sensitive Questions without Getting Punched in the Nose -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definitions -- 3. The Randomized Response Method -- 4. Unrelated Question Model -- 5. Using the Randomized Response Method and the Unrelated Question
Model -- 6. Classroom Suggestions -- 7. Complements and Problems -- Appendix: Randomized Response Survey -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 9. Measuring Power in Weighted Voting Systems -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Simple
Examples -- 3. Measures in Voting Power -- 4. Additional Examples -- 5. Mini-Projects -- 6. Computational Aids -- 7. The Electoral College -- 8. Additional Voting Problems -- 9. Limits of the Mathematical Models -- References -- Notes
for the Instructor -- 10. To the (Minimal Winning) Victors Go the (Equally Divided) Spoils: A New Power Index for Simple n-Person Games -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Power Index Definition and Examples -- 3. Characterization Axioms -- 4.
Applications and Limitations -- 5. Concluding Remarks -- Exercises -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 11. Power Indices in Politics -- 1. Voting Games and Power Indices -- 2. Using the Power Indices -- 3. Characterizing the
Power Indices -- Solutions to Selected Exercises -- References -- Notes for the Instructor -- 12. Committee Decision Making -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Committee Decision-Making Experiment -- 3. Geometric Representation of the Situation
-- 4. Utility -- 5. Remarks on Models in Political Science -- 6. The Barycenter Model -- 7. The Pareto Model -- 8. The Core Model -- 9. General Discussion -- 10. The Arrow Theorem -- Appendix I: An Example of an Experiment -- Appendix
II: Mathematical Notes -- Notes for the Instructor -- 13. Stochastic Difference Equations with Sociological Applications -- 1. Difference Equation Models -- 2. Review of Probability and Statistics -- 3. Stochastic Difference Equations
-- Notes for the Instructor -- 14. The Apportionment Problem -- 1. The Basic Problem -- 2. Some Traditional Methods -- 3. Local Measures of Inequity -- 4. The Axiomatic Approach -- 5. The General Apportionment Problem -- 6. Conclusions
-- References
ISBN:9781461254300
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Keywords: Economic theory , Economics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9781461334552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Genotoxic Effects of Airborne Agents
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (658p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3455-2
Contents:Section A: Assay and Exposure Technology -- Session I: Assay and Exposure Technology of In Vitro Microbial Assay Systems Applied to Airborne Agents -- An Exposure System for Quantitative Measurements of the Microbial Mutagenicity of
Volatile Liquids -- Review of Fractionation and Bioassay Characterization Techniques for the Evaluation of Organics Associated with Ambient Air Particles -- Airborne Particle Collection and Extraction Methods Applicable to Genetic
Bioassays -- Session II: Assay and Exposure Technology of In Vitro Mammalian Cell Systems Applied to Airborne Agents -- In Vitro Analysis of Mammalian Cells Exposed In Vitro and In Vivo to Airborne Agents -- Methods for Detecting
Gaseous and Volatile Carcinogens Using Cell Transformation Assays -- CHO/HGPRT Mutation Assay: Evaluation of Gases and Volatile Liquids -- Lung Cells Grown on Cellulose Membrane Filters as an In Vitro Model of the Respiratory
Epithelium -- Session III: Plant Bioassays for the Detection of Airborne Genotoxic Agents -- Monitoring Ambient Air for Mutagenicity Using the Higher Plant Tradescantia -- Environmental Clastogens Detected By Meiotic Pollen Mother
Cells -- Plant Genetic Systems with Potential for the Detection of Atmospheric Mutagens -- Session IV: Animal Exposure Technology for the Detection of Genotoxic Agents -- Systems for Exposure of Animals to Airborne Agents -- Techniques
for the Generation and Monitoring of Vapors -- Problems Associated with Assessing the Mutagenicity of Inhalable Particulate Matter -- Section B: Airborne Agents -- Session V: Benzene -- An Overview of the Problem of Benzene Toxicity
and Some Recent Data on the relationship of Benzene Metabolism to Benzene Toxicity -- Benzene Metabolites: Evidence for an Epigenetic Mechanism of Toxicity -- Cytogenetic Effects of Inhaled Benzene in Murine Bone Marrow -- Benzene
Leukemogenesis -- Session VI: Organic Halides C. Maltoni Moderator -- Genetic Effects of Ethylene Dibromide in Drosophila Melanogaster -- Mutagenic and Oncogenic Effects of Chloromethanes, Chloroethanes and Halogenated Analogues of
Vinyl Chloride -- Vinyl Chloride: A Model Carcinogen for Risk Assessment -- Session VII: Miscellaneous Agents -- Inhalation Anesthetics -- Mutagenic and Carcinogenic Effects of Formaldehyde -- The Microbial Mutagenicity of Nitroarenes
-- Mutagenic Effects in Human and Mouse Cells by a Nitropyrene -- Genotoxic Properties of Radon and Its Daughters -- Multiple Tissue Comparisons of Sister Chromatid Exchanges Induced by Inhaled Styrene -- An Overview of Ethyl Carbamate
(Urethane) and Its Genotoxic Activity -- Section C: Monitoring and Risk Assessment -- Session VIII: Monitoring of Human Populations At Risk -- Cytogenetic Monitoring of Human Populations -- Thioguanine Resistent Lymphocytes As
Indicators of Somatic Cell Mutation in Man -- Detection of Point Mutations in Mammalian Sperm -- Session IX: Extrapolation of Genotoxic Data To Human Health Effects -- Extrapolation of Laboratory Data to Human Health Effects --
Molecular Dosimetry as a Bridge Between Mammalian and Non-Mammalian Test Systems -- Is Radiation an Appropriate Model for Chemical Mutagenesis and Carcinogenesis? -- Session X: Regulatory Risk Assessment -- Impact of Energy and
Pollution on Public Health -- Policy and Procedures for Using Mutagenicity Data in Assessing Genetic Risk -- The Sensitivity of Method Procedure as a Regulatory Mechanism for Approval of Carcinogens -- Contributed Papers -- The Human
Genetic Risk of Airborne Genotoxics: An Approach Based on Electrophoretic Techniques Applied to Mice -- Photon-Emitting Microorganisms as Test Objects for Detecting Genotoxic Agents -- Detection of Genotoxic Airborne Chemicals in Rat
Liver Culture Systems -- The Induction of Sister Chromatid Exchange in Human Lymphocytes and Bacterial Mutagenesis by Organic Extracts of Urban Airborne Particles -- An epidemiological Study of Cancer Deaths in Pathfor, Kentucky --
List of Participants -- Agent Index
ISBN:9781461334552
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Environmental Science Research : 25
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781468436174:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (593 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-3617-4
Contents:Keynote Address -- Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment: Some Thoughts on the Philosophy and Practice of Environmental Analytical Chemistry -- The Sampling and Measurement of Hydrocarbons in Natural
Waters -- A Fast Quantitative Analysis of a Wide Variety of Halogenated Compounds in Surface-, Drinking-, and Groud-Water -- Adsorption of Insecticide Residues — Importance in Environmental Sampling and Analysis -- Methodology for the
Isolation of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons for Qualitative, Quantitative, and Bioassay Studies -- Benzo(a)pyrene in the Marine Environment: Analytical Techniques and Results -- Chromatographic and Spectral Analysis of Polycyclic
Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Air and Water Environments -- Presence and Potential Significance of o-o’-Unsubstituted PCB Isomers and Trace Aroclor® 1248 and 1254 Impurities -- Analysis of Mirex in Lake Sediments: Problems and Solutions
-- Chloro-Organic Compounds in the Lower Fox River, Wisconsin -- The Determination and Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Source and Treated Waters -- Multicomponent Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Analysis of Inland Water
and Sediment -- An Evaluation of Purging Methods for Organics in Water -- Determination of Purgeable Organics in Sediment -- Analysis of Headspace Gases for Parts Per Billion Concentrations of Volatile Organic Contaminants in Water
Samples by Gas Chromatography -- Evaluation of Analytical Techniques for Assessment of Treatment Processes for Trace Halogenated Hydrocarbons -- The Examination and Estimation of the Performance Characteristics of a Standard Method for
Organochlorine Insecticides and PCB -- A System for the Preparation of Organohalogen Reference Materials with Marine Lipid Matrices -- Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry of Hydrocarbons and Halohydrocarbons -- Identification and
Quantitative Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on WCOT Glass Capillary Columns -- Automatic Analysis of Organic Pollutants in Water Via GC/MS -- Quantification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Marine Environmental Samples --
Reproductive Success of Herring Gulls as an Indicator of Great Lakes Water Quality -- Pesticide Monitoring in the Prairies of Western Canada -- Importance of Particulate Matter on the Load of Hydrocarbons of Motorway Runoff and
Secondary Effluents -- Organochlorines in Precipitation in the Great Lakes Region -- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Marine Environment: Gulf of Maine Sediments and Nova Scotia Soils -- Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Dutch Water
Samples Over the Years 1969 – 1977 -- A Model System for the Investigation of Methods of Herbicide Speciation -- Anthropogenic C1 and C2 Halocarbons: Potential Application as Coastal Water-Mass Tracers -- Prediction of Volatilization
Rates of Chemicals in Water -- Chlorinated Phenolic Compounds: Formation, Detection, and Toxicity in Drinking Water -- Screening South African Drinking-Waters for Organic Substances Hazardous to Health -- Trihalomethane Levels at
Selected Water Utilities in Kentucky, U.S.A. -- Formation of Trihalomethanes During Chlorination and Determination of Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Drinking Water -- Trihalomethane Levels in Canadian Drinking Water -- Aquatic Organism
Pathobiology as a Sentinel System to Monitor Environmental Carcinogens -- Bacterial Degradation of Crude Oil and Oil Components in Pure and Mixed Culture Systems -- Induction of Mixed Function Oxidase Enzymes in Fish by Halogenated and
Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Halogenated Biphenyl Metabolism -- Toxicity of Hydrocarbons and Their Halogenated Derivatives in an Aqueous Environment -- Fish Tumor Pathology and Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution in a Great Lakes Estuary --
Bioaccumulation of Arene and Organochlorine Pollutants by Cipangopaludina Chinensis (Gray, 1834) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Ponds in the Royal Botanical Gardens, Hamilton, Ontario -- The Correlation of the Toxicity to Algae of
Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons with their Physical-Chemical Properties -- Erratum
ISBN:9781468436174
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Series:Environmental Science Research : 16
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781461330608:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polluted Rain
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (514p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3060-8
Contents:Welcoming Remarks -- Welcome from the Department of Radiation Biology and Biophysics -- Session I: The Chemistry of Polluted Rain -- The Acidic Precipitation Phenomenon: A Study of This Phenomenon and the Relationship between the Acid
Content of Precipitation and the Emission of Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxides in The Netherlands -- Mass Transfer of Gases to Growing Water Droplets -- Precipitation Chemistry Trends in the Northeastern United States -- Modeling the
Chemical Composition of Acid Rain in Southern California -- Deterioration of Architectural Structures and Monuments -- Session II: The Mercury Problem -- Mercury Transport in the Environment—Analytical and Sampling Problems --
Atmospheric and Watershed Inputs of Mercury to Cranberry Lake, St. Lawrence County, New York -- The Effects of Acidity on the Uptake of Mercury in Fish -- The Role of pH and Oxidation-Reduction Potentials in the Mobilization of Heavy
Metals -- Session III: Effects on Plants -- Foliar Responses That May Determine Plant Injury by Simulated Acid Rain -- Vegetation Surfaces: A Platform for Pollutant/ Parasite Interactions -- Responses of Plants to Submicron Acid
Aerosols -- Polluted Rain and Plant Growth -- Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants on Soils -- Session IV: Anticipated Problems as Yet not Quantitated -- On the Dry Deposition of Acid Particles to Natural Surfaces -- Aluminum Toxicity to
Fish in Acidified Waters -- Oxidants in Precipitation -- The Toxicological Implications of Biogeochemical Studies of Atmospheric Lead -- Session V: Control Problems: Monitoring Systems and Legal Aspects -- Monitoring Airborne
Contaminants -- Atmospheric Deposition of Man-Made Radioactivity -- Emission Quotas for Maintaining Air Quality -- The Interstate Carriage of Pollutants: The Legal Problem and Existing Solutions -- Pollution Problems Across
International Boundaries -- Sessions Chairmen -- Speakers -- Participants
ISBN:9781461330608
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Call number:SPRINGER-1980-9781461330332:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Effects of Acid Precipitation on Terrestrial Ecosystems
Author(s):
Date:1980
Size:1 online resource (654 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-3033-2
Contents:Conference Address -- I. The Nature of Precipitation Reaching the Forest Canopy and the Ground -- 1. Wet and Dry Deposition of Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds from the Atmosphere -- 2. An Estimation of the Atmospheric Input of
Acidifying Substances to a Forest Ecosystem -- 3. Sulfur Dioxide Absorbed in Rain Water -- 4. Difficulties in Measuring Wet and Dry Deposition on Forest Canopies and Soil Surfaces -- 5. Wet and Dry Deposition of Sulfur at Hubbard Brook
-- 6. Acid Snow - Snowpack Chemistry and Snowmelt -- 7. Ion Relationship in Acid Precipitation and Stream Chemistry -- 8. The Sulfur Budget of Sweden -- II: The Effect of Acidic Atmospheric Inputs on Vegetation -- A: Direct Effects --
9. Some Special Features of the Ecophysiological Effects of Air Pollution on Coniferous Forests During the Winter -- 10. Regional and Local Effects of Air Pollution, Mainly Sulfur Dioxide, on Lichens and Bryophytes in Denmark -- 11.
Some Effects of Rain and Mist on Plants, with Implications for Acid Precipitation -- 12. Experimental Studies on the Phytotoxicity of Acidic Precipitation: The United States Experience -- B. The Influence of Vegetation in Modifying
Atmospheric Inputs to the Soil -- 13. Assessing the Contribution of Crown Leaching to the Element Content of Rainwater Beneath Trees -- 14. Input to Soil, Especially the Influence of Vegetation in Intercepting and Modifying Inputs - A
Review -- III: Effect of Acid Precipitation on Soils -- 15. The Acidification of Soils -- 16. Effect of Low pH on the Chemical Structure and Reactions of Humic Substances -- 17. Podsolization: Mechanisms and Possible Effects of Acid
Precipitation -- 18. Interaction Between Cations and Anions Influencing Adsorption and Leaching -- 19. Production and Consumption of Hydrogen Ions in the Ecosphere -- IV: Effect of Soil Acidity on Plant Nutrition, Mineral Cycling and
Soil Microbial Activity -- 20. The Effects of Soil Acidity on Nutrient Availability and Plant Response -- 21. Effects of Artificial Acid Rain on the Growth and Nutrient Status of Trees -- 22. Forest Ecosystem Responses to Acid
Deposition-Hydrogen Ion Budget and Nitrogen/Tree Growth Model Approaches -- 23. Predicting Potential Impacts of Acid Rain on Elemental Cycling in a Southern Appalachain Deciduous Forest at Coweeta -- 24. Effects of Artificial Acid Rain
and Liming on Soil Organisms and the Decomposition of Organic Matter -- 25. Effects of Acidity on Microorganisms and Microbial Processes in Soil -- 26. Soil Organisms and Litter Decomposition in a Scots Pine Forest-Effects of
Experimental Acidification -- 27. Effects of Sulphur Deposition on Litter Decomposition and Nutrient Leaching in Coniferous Forest Soils -- 28. Smelter Pollution near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, and Effects on Forest Litter Decomposition
-- 29. Effects of Rainfall Acidification on Plant Pathogens -- V. The Influence of Acid Precipitation on Soil Inputs to Water -- 30. Variations in Precipitation and Streamwater Chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest During
1964 to 1977 -- 31. Effects of Acid Deposition Upon Outputs from Terrestrial to Aquatic Ecosystems -- 32. Effects of Acid Leaching on Cation Loss from Soils -- 33. Studies of Acid Rain on Soils and Catchments -- VI: Identification of
Sensitive Sites and Soils -- 34. Site Susceptibility to Leaching by H2SO4 in Acid Rainfall -- 35. Ion Adsorption Isotherms in Predicting Leaching Losses from Soils due to Increased Inputs of “Hydrogen” Ions - A Case Study -- 36. The
Sensitivity of Soils to Acid Precipitation -- 37. The Sensitivity of Soils to Acidification -- 38. Sensitivity of Different Soils to Acid Precipitation -- VII: Meeting Summaries Rapporteurs Reports -- A. Wet and Dry Deposition
Including Melting Phenomena and Snowpack Chemistry -- B. Direct Effect of Atmospheric Deposition on Plant Growth -- C. Inputs to Soil: The Influence of Vegetation -- D. Effects of Acid Precipitation on Soils -- E. Effects of Soil
Acidity on Nutrient Availability and Plant Response -- F. Effects of Acidity on Nitrogen Cycling -- G. Effects of Acidification on Soil Microbes, Including Decomposition Processes -- H. Effects of Acid Precipitation on Plants and Plant
Pathogens -- I. Effect of Acid Precipitation on Water Quality, and on Effects via Soil into Water Bodies -- J. Identification of Sensitive Sites and Soils -- VIII: Conclusions and Recommendations -- List of Participants -- Species
Index
ISBN:9781461330332
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Conference Series, I: Ecology : 4
Keywords: Life sciences , Ecology , Physics , Life Sciences , Ecology , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781461589488:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pentachlorophenol Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Environmental Toxicology
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (402 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-8948-8
Contents:I. Usage Patterns and Environmental Fate of Pentachlorophenol -- Patterns of Pentachlorophenol Usage in Canada — An Overview -- Patterns of Pentachlorophenol Usage in the United States of America — An Overview -- Photolysis of
Pentachlorophenol in Water -- Degradation of Pentachlorophenol in Soil, and by Soil Microorganisms -- The Fate of Pentachlorophenol in an Aquatic Ecosystem -- The Environmental Fate of 14C-Pentachlorophenol in Laboratory Model
Ecosystems -- II. Pharmacology and Toxicology of Pentachlorophenol -- A. Metabolism -- Microbial Metabolism of Pentachlorophenol -- Fate of Pentachlorophenol in the Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus -- Metabolism of Pentachlorophenol in
Fishes -- Studies on the Uptake, Disposition and Metabolism of Pentachlorophenol and Pentachloroanisole in Rainbow Trout (Salmo gairdneri) -- Dechlorination of Pentachlorophenol in vivoandin vitro -- Pentachlorophenol in Different
Species of Vertebrates after Administration of Hexachlorobenzene and Pentachlorobenzene -- B. Comparative Toxicology and Pharmacology -- Toxicity of Pentachlorophenol and Related Compounds to Early Life Stages of Selected Estuarine
Animals -- Effects of Sodium Pentachlorophenate on Several Estuarine Animals: Toxicity, Uptake and Depuration -- Effects of Dowicide® G-ST on Development of Experimental Estuarine Macrobenthic Communities -- Effects of
Pentachlorophenol on the Meiobenthic Nematodes in an Experimental System -- Effect of Sodium Pentachlorophenate on the Feeding Activity of the Lugworm, Arenicola cristata Stimpson -- Toxicity of Sodium Pentachlorophenate to the Grass
Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, in Relation to the Molt Cycle -- Inhibition of Limb Regeneration in the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, by Sodium Pentachlorophenate -- Effect of Sodium Pentachlorophenate on Exoskeletal Calcium in the
Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio -- Ultrastructural Changes Induced by Sodium Pentachlorophenate in the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, in Relation to the Molt Cycle -- Effects of Sodium Pentachlorophenate and 2,4-Dinitrophenol on
Respiration in Crustaceans -- Effects of Sodium Pentachlorophenate and 2,4-Dinitrophenol on Hepatopancreatic Enzymes in the Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus -- Effect of Pentachlorophenol on the ATPases in Rat Tissues -- Effects of
Sodium Pentachlorophenate on Survival and Energy Metabolism of Embryonic and Larval Steelhead Trout -- Results of Two-Year Toxicity and Reproduction Studies on Pentachlorophenol in Rats -- III. Chlorophenols and Their Contaminants:
Chemistry, Toxicology, Environmental Residues and Environmental Impact -- Impurities in Commercial Products Related to Pentachlorophenol -- Genetic Activity of Chlorophenols and Chlorophenol Impurities -- Negative Chemical Ionization
Mass Spectrometry: Applications in Environmental Analytical Chemistry -- Human Exposure to Pentachlorophenol -- Survey of Pesticide Residues and Their Metabolites in Urine from the General Population -- Health Implications of
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Exposure in Primates -- Renal Effects of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin -- Environmental Impact of Pentachlorophenol and Its Products—A Round Table Discussion
ISBN:9781461589488
Series:eBooks
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Series:Environmental Science Research : 12
Keywords: Environment , Air pollution , Environment , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9781461340331:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Pollutants Detection and Measurement
Author(s):
Date:1978
Size:1 online resource (500p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-4033-1
Contents:Welcoming Remarks -- Welcome from the Department of Radiation Biology and Biophysics -- Session I: Specification of Analytical Problems -- Air Pollutant Monitoring: Or How to Improve on an Ouija Board -- The Strategy for Cleaning Up
Our Waters -- European Aspects of Environmental Research and Legislation -- The Whole Animal as an Assay System -- Session II: More Familiar Principles -- Analysis of Atmospheric Pollutants of Possible Importance in Human
Carcinogenesis -- Ion-Selective Electrodes -- Ultratrace Metals Analysis by Electrothermal Atomization Atomic Absorption — Present Technology and Potential Developments -- Tanker Tragedies: Identifying the Source and Determining the
Fate of Petroleum in the Marine Environment -- Water Pollution Studies Using Raman Spectroscopy -- Session III: Methods for Field Use -- Passive Sampling of Ambient and Work Place Atmospheres by Means of Gas Permeation -- The
Continuous Measurement of Sulfur-Containing Aerosols by Flame Photometry: A Laboratory Study -- Tunable Diode Laser Detection of Air Pollutants -- An Evaluation of Lasers for Ambient Air Pollution Measurement -- Session IV: High
Spatial Resolution Microprobe Methods -- Methods of Microprobe Analysis -- Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy and its Application in Environmental Science -- Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy: A New Microanalytical Tecnique?
-- Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry for Particulate Analysis -- Surface Chemical Analysis of Particles by Auger Electron Spectroscopy and ESCA -- Session V: Physical Analytical Methods -- Size Measurement of Airborne Particulates by
Time-of-Flight Spectroscopy -- Continuous Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Environmental Pollutants Using Surface Ionization -- Observation of the Raman Effect from Small Single Particles: Its Use in the Chemical Identification of
Airborne Particulates -- X-Ray Analysis of Environmental Pollutants -- Modern Techniques of Activation Analysis for the Measurement of Environmental Trace Metals -- Participants
ISBN:9781461340331
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Environmental Science Research : 13
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9783642809248:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Analysis of Decision Problems in Ecology Proceedings of the NATO Conference held in Istanbul, Turkey, July 9–13, 1973
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (424 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-80924-8
Contents:A. Problems of Land Use Management -- An Hierarchical Goal Programming Approach to Environmental-Land Use Management -- An Ecosystem Approach to Problem Solving -- A Grazing Lands Simulation Model -- B. Air, Noise and Water Pollution
Control -- Game Theoretic Approach to Equitable Regional Environmental Quality Management -- Optimization Models for Regional Air Pollution Control -- Environmental Noise Management -- Models in Biological Wastewater Treatment:
Objectives, Results, Applicability -- Biological Filter Design Optimization -- C. Control of Infectious Disease -- Sampling & Mapping Reservoirs & Vectors of Human Disease -- The Transmission and Control of Schistosome Infections --
Simulation Models for Genetic Control Alternatives -- Mathematical Models of the Sterile Male Technique of Insect Control -- D. Social and Behavioral Analysis -- The Limits to Growth in a Neo-Classical Model -- Dynamic Optimization of
the Trade-Off Between Production and Pollution -- A ‘Pollution’ Game: A Theoretical and Experimental Study
ISBN:9783642809248
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Biomathematics: 5
Keywords: Life sciences , Ecology , Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Life Sciences , Ecology , Analysis , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9781468428599:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Behavioral Toxicology
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (469 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4684-2859-9
Contents:1 Carbon Monoxide and Human Functions -- Background -- Recent Work in our Laboratory -- Discussion -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- General Discussion -- 2 The Effect of Carbon Monoxide on Time Perception, Manual
Coordination, Inspection, and Arithmetic -- Experimental Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Summary -- References -- General Discussion -- 3 Preliminary Studies of the Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Vigilance in Man -- Method -- Results
-- Discussion -- Summary -- References -- General Discussion -- 4 Carbon Monoxide and Human Performance: A Methodological Exploration -- Method -- Experiment I. Simultaneous Digit-Processing and Peripheral Detection -- Experiment II.
The Rate Threshold of Blocking -- Experiment III. Simultaneous Digit-Processing and Double-Jump Detection -- Experiment IV. Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Eye Movements and Monitoring Performance -- Experiment V. Effects of Carbon
Monoxide on Self-Paced Digit Keying -- Concluding Remarks -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- General Discussion -- 5 The Comparative Effects of Hypoxic and Carbon Monoxide Hypoxia on Behavior -- Procedures -- Hypoxia --
Carbon Monoxide -- References -- General Discussion -- 6 The Application of a Computer-Controlled Time Discrimination Performance to Problems in Behavioral Toxicology -- Methods and Materials -- Time Discrimination Thresholds --
Effects of Chorpromazine on Time Discrimination -- Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Time Discrimination -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- General Discussion -- 7 Behavioral Toxicity of Anticholinesterase Agents:
Methodological, Neurochemical, and Neuropsychological Aspects -- Materials and Methods -- Acute Anticholinesterase Effects -- Subacute and Chronic Anticholinesterase Effects -- Possible Central Actions of Enzyme Reactivations --
Cholinergic Systems and Behavior -- Human Anticholinesterase Intoxication -- General Discussion and Conclusions -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- General Discussion -- 8 Behavioral Toxicologic Studies of Dieldrin, DDT, and
Ruelene in Sheep -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- General Discussion -- 9 Use of Behavioral Techniques in the Assessment of Environmental Contaminants -- Pertinent Literature -- Lashley
III Maze -- Fixed Interval Operant Conditioning -- DRL Operant Conditioning -- Behavioral Research Interface -- References -- General Discussion -- 10 Utilities and Limitations of Behavioral Techniques in Industrial Toxicology -- The
Determination of Behavioral Performance Decrement during Inhalation Exposure to Halogenated Solvents -- The Complementarity of Behavioral and Pathological Methodology in the Toxicology of a New Compound -- The Problems and Significance
of Individual Differences in Behavioral Toxicology -- Conclusions -- Technical Appendix -- References -- General Discussion -- 11 Effects of the Inhalation of Cigarette Smoke on Swimming Endurance and Avoidance Behavior in the Rat --
The Inhalation Technique -- The Effects on Swimming Endurance -- Effects on Avoidance Behavior Under Extinction Procedure -- Discussion -- Summary -- References -- General Discussion -- 12 Behavioral Teratology and Toxicology -- Basic
Considerations in Behavioral Teratology -- Subtle and Long-Term Consequences of Prenatal Exposure to Methylmercury -- Summary -- References -- General Discussion -- 13 Effects of Drugs on Schedule-Controlled Behavior and Cardiovascular
Function in the Squirrel Monkey -- Effects of Drugs on Schedule-Controlled Behavior -- Cardiovascular Changes Associated with Schedule-Controlled Behavior -- Measurements of Blood Pressure and Heart Rate -- Changes in Blood Pressure
and Heart Rate Under Fixed-Ratio Schedules -- Effects of Drugs on Cardiovascular Function during Behavioral Experiments -- Acknowledgment -- References -- General Discussion -- 14 Behavioral, Biochemical, and Morphological Effects of
Methamphetamine in the Rhesus Monkey -- General Methodology -- The Acute Lethal Dose of Intravenous Methamphetamine -- Acute Effects of Methamphetamine on Food- and Water-Reinforced Fixed-Ratio Behavior -- Chronic Effects of
Methamphetamine on Food-Reinforced Fixed-Ratio Behavior -- The Effects of Methamphetamine on DRL Performance -- Biochemical and Morphological Effects of Chronic Methamphetamine -- Conclusions -- References -- General Discussion -- 15
Behavioral Assessment of Ototoxicity in Nonhuman Primates -- Method -- Results -- Summary -- Acknowledgment -- References -- General Discussion -- 16 Quantitative Perspectives on the Long-Term Toxicity of Methylmercury and Similar
Poisons -- 17 An Overview of Behavioral Toxicology -- Author Index
ISBN:9781468428599
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 5
Keywords: Environment , Air pollution , Environment , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781489903303:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pollution Engineering and Scientific Solutions
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (784 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4899-0330-3
Contents:1. Climatic Aspects of Pollution -- 1.1 Global Effects of Contaminants in the Upper Atmosphere -- 1.2 Climatic Aspects of Waste Heat -- 1.3 Cooling Towers and Weather Modification -- 2. Pollution and Space -- 2.1 Man-Made Alterations
of the Near Earth Space Environment -- 2.2 Orbital Pollution Control -- 2.3 Global Air Pollution Monitoring from Satellites: Prospects and Problems -- 2.4 Environmental Observations from Space — The Promise and the Challenge -- 3. Air
Pollution -- 3.1 A Model for Fluid Mechanical Studies of Air Pollution -- 3.2 A Systematic Method for Evaluating the Potential Environmental Impact of New Industrial Chemicals -- 3.3 Effect of Additives on Boiler Cleanliness and
Particulate Emissions -- 3.4 High Temperature Dust Control — Application of a Combination Particle Collector and Heat Exchanger -- 4. Agricultural and Pest Control Aspects of Pollution -- 4.1 Solutions to Problems of Soil Pollution by
Agricultural Chemicals -- 4.2 Control of Air Pollution Affecting or Caused by Agriculture -- 4.3 The Creation and Control of Pest Situations Through Engineering: Past, Present and Future -- 4.4 The Neo-Technological Landscape
Degradation and Its Ecological Restoration -- 4.5 Some Aspects of the Role of Engineering in the Competition Between Insects and Man -- 5. Sulfur Dioxide -- 5.1 Sulfur Dioxide Removal from Gases, U. S.: Lime-Limestone -- 5.2 Special
Problems of the Smelter Industry -- 5.3 Sulfur Dioxide Removal from Waste Gases: A Status Report from United States: Recovery Processes -- 5.4 Sulphur Dioxide Removal from Waste Gases: A Status Report from Japan -- 5.5 Sulfur Dioxide
Removal from Waste Gases: A Status Report — Europe -- 6. Propellants and Explosives -- 6.1 Pollution Abatement in the Manufacture and Loading of Propellants and Explosives -- 6.2 Investigations Related to Prevention and Control of
Water Pollution in the U. S. TNT Industry -- 6.3 Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions for Nitric Acid Plants -- 6.4 Abatement of Nitrobodies in Aqueous Effluents from TNT Production and Finishing Plants -- 6.5 Explosive Incineration --
6.6 The U. S. Navy PEPPARD Program -- 6.7 Elimination of Styphnic Acid from Plant Effluents -- 7. Solid Waste, Land Use -- 7.1 Environmental Problems and Solutions Associated with the Development of the World’s Largest Lead Mining
District -- 7.2 A Study of the Effectiveness of Backfilling in Controlling Mine Drainage -- 7.3 Land Disposal of Septage (Septic Tank Pumpings) -- 7.4 Resource Recovery from Municipal Waste — A Review and Analysis of Existing and
Emerging Technology -- 7.5 Removal of Trace Metals from Wastewater by Lime and Ozonation -- 7.6 A Floating Settler for Low Cost Clarification -- 8. Sensing, Instrumentation, and Measurement -- 8.1 Measurement and Collaborative Testing
for Implementation of Air Quality -- 8.2 The Use of Airborne Sensor Systems for Environmental Monitoring -- 8.3 Radio Wave Monitoring of the Depth and Salinity of the Water Table -- 8.4 Remote Measurement of Air Pollutants Utilizing
the Raman Effect -- 8.5 Remote Sensing of Pollutants by Means of Stereo Analysis -- 8.6 Profiles of the Natural Contaminant Radon 222 as a Measure of Vertical Diffusivity -- 8.7 Spectrophotometric Determination of Indole and Skatole
Using Lignine Extractions -- 9. Models -- 9.1 The Steady-State Demand-Output-Waste Economy -- 9.2 Simulation of Populations, with Particular Reference to the Grain Beetle, Tribolium -- 9.3 Pollution by Diffusive Processes -- 9.4
Computer Control of Physical-Chemical Wastewater Treatment -- 9.5 Computation and Mapping of the Dispersion and Herbage Uptake of Gaseous Effluents from Industrial Plants -- 9.6 Particle Deposition and Diffusivities along Smooth
Surfaces -- 10. Noise -- 10.1 Industrial Noise Pollution -- 10.2 Motor Vehicle Noise -- 10.3 Engineering and Scientific Implications of Noise Control Legislation -- 10.4 Noise Pollution in Developing Countries and in Israel in
Particular -- 11. National and Local Problems and Solutions -- 11.1 Environmental Protection in the U. S. -- 11.2 Pollution Problems in Australia — A Large, Sparsely Populated, Rapidly Developing Country -- 11.3 The Canadian Pollution
Problem — A Need for Broader Perceptions -- 11.4 A Cooperative Approach to Pollution Problems in Canada -- 11.5 Some Pollution Problems in Nigeria -- 11.6 Legal Control of Industrial Air Pollution in Israel -- 11.7 Air Pollution Trends
in Tel Aviv, Israel -- 11.8 A Dual-Purpose Air Pollution Alert and Implementation System for the Greater Tel-Aviv Area -- 12. Political, Social, Educational, and Industrial Aspects of Pollution -- 12.1 Politics and Pollution: Political
Solutions to a Deteriorating Environment -- 12.2 Some Economic, Spatial, Social, and Political Indicators of Environmental Quality of Urban Life -- 12.3 Teratological Hazards due to Phenoxy Herbicides and Dioxin Contaminants -- 12.4
Strategy for Maintaining Environmental Quality in Developing Technological Societies -- 12.5 Environment’s Most Dangerous Pest: Man -- 12.6 Environmental Education as a Means of Creating an Awareness of Pollution by Tomorrow’s Youth --
12.7 Pollution and Public Information -- 12.8 Are Industry and Government Fulfilling Their Responsibilities for Pollution Control? -- 12.9 Industrial Zoning
ISBN:9781489903303
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 2
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781461589426:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmental Pollution by Pesticides
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (542 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-8942-6
Contents:1 Methods and Problems in Analysing for Pesticide Residues in the Environment -- 2 Pesticide Residues in Plants -- 3 Pesticide Residues in Soil Invertebrates -- 4 Pesticide Residues in Aquatic Invertebrates -- 5 Pesticide Residues in
Fish -- 6 Effects of Pesticides on Fish -- 7 Pesticide Residues in Birds and Mammals -- 8 Pesticide Residues in Man -- 9 Pesticide Residues in Food -- 10 Pesticides in the Atmosphere -- 11 Pesticide Residues in Soil and Water -- 12
Dynamics of Pesticide Residues in the Environment -- 13 Degradation of Pesticide Residues in the Environment -- Appendix: General References -- General Index -- Chemical Index
ISBN:9781461589426
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 3
Keywords: Environment , Air pollution , Environment , Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
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