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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD POPULATION *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/32206.180 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword population ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319520452:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Information Geometry and Population Genetics The Mathematical Structure of the Wright-Fisher Model
Author(s): Julian Hofrichter
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 320 p. 3 illus., 2 illus. in color p.)
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. The Wright–Fisher model -- 3. Geometric structures and information geometry -- 4. Continuous approximations -- 5. Recombination -- 6. Moment generating and free energy functionals -- 7. Large deviation theory --
8. The forward equation -- 9. The backward equation -- 10.Applications -- Appendix -- A. Hypergeometric functions and their generalizations -- Bibliography
ISBN:9783319520452
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Mathematics , Human genetics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Geometry , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistical Theory and Methods , Human Genetics , Analysis , Geometry , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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Call number:9783319517537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extended Abstracts Summer 2015 Strategic Behavior in Combinatorial Structures Quantitative Finance
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VI, 139 p. 5 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Part-I -- Foreword -- On the Push & Pull Protocol for Rumour Spreading -- Random Walks that Find Perfect Objects and the Lovasz Local Lemma -- Logit Dynamics with Concurrent Updates for Local Interaction Games -- Logit Dynamics with
Concurrent Updates for Local Interaction Games -- Carpooling in Social Networks -- Who to Trust for Truthful Facility Location? -- Metric and Spectral Properties of Dense Inhomogeneous Random Graphs -- On-Line List Colouring of Random
Graphs -- Approximation Algorithms for Computing Maximin Share Allocations -- An Alternate Proof of the Algorithmic Lovász Local Lemma -- Learning Game-Theoretic Equilibria via Query Protocols -- The Lower Tail: Poisson Approximation
Revisited -- Population Protocols for Majority in Arbitrary Networks -- The Asymptotic Value in Finite Stochastic Games -- Almost All 5-Regular Graphs Have a 3-Flow -- Part-II -- Foreword -- On the Short-Time Behaviour of the Implied
Volatility Skew for Spread Options and Applications -- An Alternative to CARMA Models via Iterations of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Processes -- Euler-Poisson Schemes for Levy Processes -- On Time-Consistent Portfolios with Time-Inconsistent
Preferences -- A Generic Decomposition Formula for Pricing Vanilla Options under Stochastic Volatility Models -- A Highly Efficient Pricing Method for European-Style Options Based on Shannon Wavelets -- A New Pricing Measure in the
Barndor-Nielsen-Shephard Model for Commodity Markets
ISBN:9783319517537
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Mathematics , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , Differential equations , Actuarial science , Convex geometry , Discrete geometry , Probabilities , Combinatorics , Mathematics , Combinatorics , Ordinary Differential Equations , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Convex and Discrete Geometry , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Actuarial Sciences
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Call number:0471455059:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantitative Methods in Population Health: Extensions of Ordinary Regression
Author(s): Palta
Date:2003
Publisher:Wiley-Interscience
Size:1 online resource (312 p.)
ISBN:9780471455059
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319412139:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Statistical Physics of Fixation and Equilibration in Individual-Based Models
Author(s): Peter Ashcroft
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (13 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-41213-9
Contents:Introduction -- Technical Background -- Finite Populations in Switching Environments -- Fixation Time Distribution -- Metastable States in Cancer Initiation -- The WKB Method: A User-guide -- Conclusions
ISBN:9783319412139
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Cancer research , Bioinformatics , Game theory , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Bioinformatics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Cancer Research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319394213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Survival under Uncertainty An Introduction to Probability Models of Social Structure and Evolution
Author(s): Dimitri Volchenkov
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (44 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39421-3
Contents:Introduction -- Subsistence in Uncertainty -- Time and Institutions -- Inequality and the Laws of supply and demand -- Decision making under uncertainty -- Capitalization of uncertainty: stochastic theory of advantage -- Doubly
stochastic branching process as a model of natural selection -- Human history as a stochastic process -- The stochastic model of social conformity and political instability -- Random walks over political regimes : History seems to
never end -- Urbanization failure and a fission chain reaction of states
ISBN:9783319394213
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and social sciences , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Science , Complexity, Computational , Social structure , Social inequality , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Social Structure, Social Inequality , Philosophy of the Social Sciences , Societal Aspects of Physics , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319332765:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Tools and Applications for Economic Modelling Lectures Given at the COST Training School on New Economic Complex Geography at Urbino, Italy, 17-19 September 2015
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (41 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33276-5
Contents:Qualitative Methods in Continuous and Discrete Dynamical Systems -- Some Aspects on Global Analysis of Discrete Time Dynamical -- Dynamical Analysis of Cournot Oligopoly Models: Neimark-Sacker bifurcation and Related Mechanisms --
Some Dynamical Models in Regional Economics: Economic Structure and Analytic Tools -- Dynamic Modeling in Renewable Resource Exploitation -- Dynamic Models of Financial Markets with Heterogeneous Agents -- A Dynamical Model of Proximal
Development: Multiple Implementations
ISBN:9783319332765
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Economic geography , Statistical physics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Economic theory , Regional economics , Spatial economics , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Regional/Spatial Science , Economic Geography , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319320465:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Resolution Experiments on Strong-Field Ionization of Atoms and Molecules Test of Tunneling Theory, the Role of Doubly Excited States, and Channel-Selective Electron Spectra
Author(s): Lutz Fechner
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (29 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-32046-5
Contents:Introduction -- Strong Laser Fields and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- Ionization in Strong, Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- The Reaction Microscope -- Tunnel Ionization from a Coherent Superposition in Ar+ -- Population of Doubly Excited
States in Strong Laser Pulses -- Channel-selective Electron Spectra for H2 at Different Wavelengths -- Conclusion and Outlook
ISBN:9783319320465
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Atoms , Matter , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319320434:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Mathematics Behind Biological Invasions
Author(s): Mark A Lewis
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (19 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-32043-4
Contents:Introduction.-Dynamics of Biological Invasions.-Reaction-Diffusion Models: Single Species -- Invasion in a Multispecies System -- Long-Distance Dispersal and Spread -- A User’s Guide to Integrodifference Models for Invasive Spread -- Stochasticit y and Invasion Dynamics -- Stochastic Spread -- Assessing Invasion Risk -- Responding to invasions: Detection, control, and adaptation -- Appendix.-References.-Index
ISBN:9783319320434
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics: 44
Keywords: Mathematics , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , Partial differential equations , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Genetics and Population Dynamics , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Partial Differential Equations
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319316116:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability for Physicists
Author(s): Simon Sirca
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (29 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31611-6
Contents:Basic Terminology -- Probability Distributions -- Special Continuous Probability Distributions -- Expected Values -- Special Discrete Probability Distributions -- Convolution -- Samples -- Estimation of Parameters and Statistical
Tests -- Regression -- Entropy -- Markov Processes -- Generation of Pseudorandom Numbers -- Monte Carlo Method -- Stochastic Population Modeling
ISBN:9783319316116
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Mathematical physics , Probabilities , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319305455:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization
Author(s): Robert Ayres
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (120 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30545-5
Contents:Preface -- Glossary of Terms -- Glossary of People -- Part I. -- A Brief History of Ideas: Energy, Entropy and Evolution -- The Cosmos, the Sun and the Earth -- The Origin of Life -- Energy, Water, Climate and Cycles -- Summary of
Part I: From the “Big Bang” to Nutrient Cycles -- Part II -- Energy and Technology -- The New World – and Science -- Energy, Technology and the Future -- Part III -- Mainstream Economics and Energy -- New Perspectives on Capital, Work,
and Wealth -- Epilogue -- Appendix. Energy in Growth Theory -- References
ISBN:9783319305455
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Energy policy , Energy and state , Thermodynamics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Economics , Natural resources , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Energy Policy, Economics and Management , Economic Systems , Thermodynamics , Natural Resource Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319303284:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probabilistic Models of Population Evolution Scaling Limits, Genealogies and Interactions
Author(s): Étienne Pardoux
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (2 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30328-4
Contents:Introduction -- Branching Processes -- Convergence to a Continuous State Branching Process -- Continuous State Branching Process (CSBP) -- Genealogies -- Models of Finite Population with Interaction -- Convergence to a Continuous State Model -- Con tinuous Model with Interaction -- Appendix
ISBN:9783319303284
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematical Biosciences Institute Lecture Series : 1.6
Keywords: Mathematics , Ecology , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Theoretical Ecology/Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319295282:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science and the Economic Crisis Impact on Science, Lessons from Science
Author(s): Francesco Sylos Labini
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (171 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29528-2
Contents:Preface -- Introduction -- Chapter I: Forecast -- Chapter II: Crisis -- Chapter III: Risk -- Chapter IV: Perspectives
ISBN:9783319295282
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Science , Economics , Economic policy , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Popular Science in Economics / Management , Societal Aspects of Physics , R & D/Technology Policy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319285887:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computational Diffusion MRI MICCAI Workshop, Munich, Germany, October 9th, 2015
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (63 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28588-7
Contents:An Efficient Finite Element Solution of the Generalised Bloch-Torrey Equation for Arbitrary Domains: L. Beltrachini et al -- Super-Resolution Reconstruction of Diffusion-Weighted Images using 4D Low-Rank and Total Variation: Feng Shi et al -- Holist ic Image Reconstruction for Diffusion MRI: V. Golkov et al -- Alzheimer’s Disease Classification with Novel Microstructural Metrics from Diffusion-Weighted MRI: T. M. Nir et al -- Brain Tissue Micro-Structure Imaging from Diffusion MRI Using Least Squar es Variable Separation: H. Farooq et al -- Multi-Tensor MAPMRI: How to Estimate Microstructural Information from Crossing Fibers: M. Zucchelli et al -- On the Use of Antipodal Optimal Dimensionality Sampling Scheme on the Sphere for Recovering Intra-Voxel Fibre Structure in Diffusion MRI: A.P. Bates et al -- Estimation of Fiber Orientations Using Neighborhood Information: C. Ye et al -- A framework for creating population specific multimodal brain atlas using clinical T1 and diffusion tensor
images: V. Gupta et al -- Alignment of Tractograms as Linear Assignment Problem: N. Sharmin -- Accelerating Global Tractography Using Parallel Markov Chain Monte Carlo: H. Wu et al -- Adaptive Enhancement in Diffusion MRI Through Propagator Sharpeni ng: T. Dela Haije et al -- Angular Resolution Enhancement of Diffusion MRI Data Using Inter-Image Information Transfer: Geng Chen et al -- Crossing versus Fanning: Model Comparison Using HCP Data: A. Ghosh et al -- White Matter Fiber Set Simplification by Redundancy Reduction with Minimum Anatomical Information Loss: G. Zimmerman Moreno et al -- A Temperature Phantom to Probe the Ensemble Average Propagator Asymmetry: an In-Silico Study: M. Pizzolato et al -- Registration Strategies for Whole-Body Diffusi on-Weighted MRI Stitching: J. Ceranka et al -- HARDI Feature Selection, Registration and Atlas Building for A$\beta$ Pathology Classification: E. Schwab et al -- Reliability of Structural Connectivity Examined with Four Different Diffusion
Reconstruction Methods at Two Different Spatial and Angular Resolutions: J. E. Villalon-Reina et al
ISBN:9783319285887
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer simulation , Image processing , Bioinformatics , Computer mathematics , Visualization , Statistics , Mathematics , Visualization , Computational Biology/Bioinformatics , Computational Science and Engineering , Simulation and Modeling , Image Processing and Computer Vision , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319284545:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Observational Constraints on the Influence of Active Galactic Nuclei on the Evolution of Galaxies
Author(s): Christopher Mark Harrison
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (40 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28454-5
Contents:Introduction -- Integral field spectroscopy and spectral energy distributions -- Energetic galaxy-wide outflows in high-z ULIRGs hosting AGN activity -- Kiloparsec scale outflows are prevalent in luminous AGN: outflows and feedback in
the context of the overall AGN population -- Storm in a “Teacup”: a radio-quiet quasar with ≈10 kpc radio-emitting bubbles and extreme gas kinematics -- No submillimetre signature of star formation suppression among X-ray luminous AGN
-- Conclusions -- Ongoing and future work
ISBN:9783319284545
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319280615:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Impulsive Mathematical Models
Author(s): Ivanka Stamova
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (318 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28061-5
Contents:Introduction.-Basic Theory -- Impulsive Biological Models -- Impulsive Models in Population Dynamics -- Impulsive Neural Networks -- Impulsive Models in Economics -- References -- Index
ISBN:9783319280615
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Economics, Mathematical , System theory , Statistical physics , Mathematics , Systems Theory, Control , Nonlinear Dynamics , Mathematical Biology in General , Quantitative Finance
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319280288:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (42 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28028-8
Contents:Controlling chimera patterns in networks: Interplay of structure, noise, and delay -- Emergence of clusters of locked and whirling oscillators in the Kuramoto model with Inertia -- Control of synchronization in delay-coupled networks
-- Controlling oscillations in nonlinear systems with delayed output feedback -- Global effects of delayed feedback control applied to the Lorenz system -- Spatio-temporal patterns: observation, control, and design -- On the interplay
of noise and delay in coupled oscillators -- Noisy dynamical systems with time delay: some basic analytical perturbation schemes with applications -- Study on critical conditions and transient behaviors in noise-induced bifurcation --
Analytical, optimal and sparse optimal control of the FitzHugh-Nagumo and Schlögl model -- Recent advances in reaction-diffusion equations with non-ideal relays -- Deriving effective models for multiscale systems via evolutionary Gamma
convergence -- Moment closure - A brief review -- Feedback control in quantum transport -- Controlling the stability of steady states in continuous variable quantum systems -- Quantum signatures of chimera states -- Controlled
switching between time-periodic square-waves in photonic devices -- Exploiting multistabilities to achieve stable chimera states in all-to-all coupled laser networks -- Feedback control of colloidal transport -- Swarming of
self-propelled particles on the surface of a dewetting liquid film -- Time-delayed feedback control of spatio-temporal self-organized patterns in dissipative systems -- Control of epidemics on hospital network -- Intrinsic control
mechanisms of neuronal network dynamics -- Oscillations and intrinsic uctuations in evolutionary dynamics: how payoffs, dynamics and population sizes control the stability, and implementation of global feedback
ISBN:9783319280288
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , System theory , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Systems biology , Biological systems , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Biological Networks, Systems Biology , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Complex Systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319280141:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Dynamic and Evolutionary Games Theory, Applications, and Numerical Methods
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28014-1
Contents:Dynamic Games with Perfect Information -- Dynamic Admission Game into an M/M/1 Queue.-Methodological Issues in Analyzing Market Dynamics -- Stochastic Games with Signals -- Nonlinear and Multiplayer Evolutionary Games -- A Zero-Sum Game Between the Network Designer and an Adversary in Consensus Protocols -- Maximal Stable Bridge in Game with Simple Motions in the Plane -- Linear-Quadratic Gaussian Dynamic Games with a Control-Sharing Information Pattern -- Pursuit-Evasion Game of Kind between Hybri d Players -- A Double-Sided Jamming Game with Resource Constraints -- Speculative Constraints on Oligopoly -- Evolutionary Stability of Dimorphic Population States -- A Game-Theoretical Approach to Microbial Coexistence -- Computing α-Robust Equilibria i n Two Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Change -- A Robust Noncooperative Meta-Game for Climate Negotiation in Europe
ISBN:9783319280141
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Annals of the International Society of Dynamic Games : 14
Keywords: Mathematics , Game theory , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Economic theory , Mathematics , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319269115:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Neuron Models
Author(s): Priscilla E Greenwood
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (12 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-26911-5
Contents:Introduction -- Single Neuron Models -- Population and Subpopulation Models -- Spatially-structured Neural Systems -- The Bigger Picture
ISBN:9783319269115
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Mathematical Biosciences Institute Lecture Series : 1.5
Keywords: Mathematics , Neurosciences , Probabilities , Biomathematics , Statistics , Mathematics , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Neurosciences , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319242989:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Trends in Combinatorics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (14 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24298-9
Contents:Section 1: Extremal and Probabilistic Combinatorics -- Problems Related to Graph Indices in Trees -- The edit distance in graphs: methods, results and generalizations -- Repetitions in graphs and sequences -- On Some Extremal Problems for Cycles in Graphs -- A survey of Turan problems for expansions -- Survey on matching, packing and Hamilton cycle problems on hypergraphs -- Rainbow Hamilton cycles in random graphs and hypergraphs -- Further applications of the Container Method -- Independent transv ersals and hypergraph matchings - an elementary approach -- Giant components in random graphs -- Infinite random graphs and properties of metrics -- Nordhaus-Gaddum Problems for Colin de Verdière Type Parameters, Variants of Tree-width, and Related Param eters -- Algebraic aspects of the normalized Laplacian -- Poset-free Families of Subsets.- Mathematics of causal sets -- Section 2: Additive and Analytic Combinatorics -- Lectures on Approximate groups and Hilbert's 5th Problem -- Character
sums and arithmetic combinatorics -- On sum-product problem -- Ajtai-Szemerédi Theorems over quasirandom groups -- Section 3: Enumerative and Geometric Combinatorics -- Moments of orthogonal polynomials and combinatorics -- The combinatorics of kno t invariants arising from the study of Macdonald polynomials -- Some algorithmic applications of partition functions in combinatorics -- Partition Analysis, Modular Functions, and Computer Algebra -- A survey of consecutive patterns in permutations -- Uni modality Problems in Ehrhart Theory -- Face enumeration on simplicial complexes -- Simplicial and Cellular Trees -- Parametric Polyhedra with at least k Lattice Points: Their Semigroup Structure and the k-Frobenius Problem.- Dynamical Algebraic Combinator ics and the Homomesy Phenomenon
ISBN:9783319242989
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 159
Keywords: Mathematics , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , Functional analysis , Convex geometry , Discrete geometry , Combinatorics , Biomathematics , Mathematics , Combinatorics , Convex and Discrete Geometry , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Functional Analysis , Genetics and Population Dynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9781493934669:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Unity of Science and Economics A New Foundation of Economic Theory
Author(s): Jing Chen
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (136 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4939-3466-9
Contents:Major Factors in Biological and Social Systems -- Resource and Technology -- Production: A Mathematical Theory -- Languages and Cultures: An Economic Analysis -- The Entropy Theory of Mind -- The Entropy Theory of Value: A
Mathematical Theory -- Epilogue: Pioneer Species and Climax Species
ISBN:9781493934669
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Energy industries , Sustainable development , Economic theory , Environmental economics , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Environmental Economics , Sustainable Development , Energy Economics , Thermodynamics , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401785723:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation: Detection of Explosives and CBRN (Using Terahertz) [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mauro F Pereira
Oleksiy Shulika
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The reader will find here a timely update on new THz sources and detection schemes as well as concrete applications to the detection of Explosives and CBRN. Included is a method to identify hidden RDX-based explosives (pure andplastic ones) in the fr equency domain study by Fourier Transformation, which has been complemented by the demonstration of improvement of the quality of the images captured commercially available THz passive cameras. The presentedexamples show large potential for the detection of small hidden objects at long distances (6-10 m). Complementing the results in the short-wavelength range, laser spectroscopy with a mid-infrared, room temperature, continuous wave,DFB laser diode and high performance DFB QCL have been demonstrated to o ffer excellent enabling sensor technologies for environmental monitoring, medical diagnostics, industrial and security applications. From the new source point ofview a number of systems have been presented - From superconductors to semiconductors, e.g. De tection of Terahertz Waves from Superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+ Intrinsic Josephson Junctions. The quest for a compact room temperatureTHz source and the recent advances in high power mid-IR QCLs lead to the development of a semiconductor THz source based on intracavity difference frequency generation. Furthermore, alternative electrically pumped THz sources based onthe high emission efficiency predicted for polaritonic states in the ultra-strong coupling regime led to the demonstration of electroluminesce nt devices. Finally, antipolaritons in dispersive media were discussed and differentaspects of the interaction of THz radiation with biomater were presented
Contents:THz Hybrid Metamaterial
Liquid Crystal Based Structures with Large Tunability
High
Resolution THz Spectroscopy of Biomolecules and Bioparticles: Concentration Methods
Intervalence THz Antipolaritons
Terahertz Aperiodic Multilayered Structure Arranged According to the Kolakoski Sequence
Population Dynamic in Quantum Cascade GaN/AlGaN Photodetector Structure
Design of Metamaterial Photonic Crystals for Explosives Detection
New Type High
Q THz Planar All
Dielectric Metamaterial
Bipolar THz
lasing Structures Based on InAs
GaSb Coupled Quantum Wells and their Potential for Secu
ISBN:9789401785723
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400772052:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics of Complex Quantum Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vladimir M Akulin
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book gathers together a range of similar problems that can be encountered in different fields of modern quantum physics and that have common features with regard to multilevel quantum systems. The main motivation was toexamine from a uniform sta ndpoint various models and approaches that have been developed in atomic, molecular, condensed matter, chemical, laser and nuclear physics in various contexts. The book should help senior-level undergraduate,graduate students and researchers putting parti cular problems in these fields into a broader scientific context and thereby taking advantage of well-established techniques used in adjacent fields. This second edition has been expandedto include substantial new material (e.g. new sections on Dynamic Lo calization and on Euclidean Random Matrices and new chapters on Entanglement, Open Quantum Systems, and Coherence Protection). It is based on the authors lecturesat the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, at the CNRS Aim Cotton Laboratory, and on other courses he has given over the last two decades
Contents:Complex Systems and Their Statistical Description
Examples of Complex Systems
Molecules and Atoms in Laser Fields
Collisions and Reactions of Molecules
Rydberg Molecules
Atomic and Molecular Clusters
Some Other Examples
Quantum Circuits and Networks
Two
Level and LevelBand Systems
Two
Level System
Levelband System
Long
Time Behavior
Population of Inhomogeneous Bands
Two
Band System
General Consideration
Non
Degenerate Bands
Two Degenerate Levels
A Band Coupled to a Degenerate Level
The Role of Correlations
Soluble Time
Dependent
ISBN:9789400772052
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9788132218951:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Periodic Solutions of First-Order Functional Differential Equations in Population Dynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Seshadev Padhi
John R Graef
P. D. N Srinivasu
Date:2014
Publisher:New Delhi : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides cutting-edge results on the existence of multiple positive periodic solutions of first-order functional differential equations. It demonstrates how the Leggett-Williams fixed-point theorem can be applied tostudy the existence of tw o or three positive periodic solutions of functional differential equations with real-world applications, particularly with regard to the Lasota-Wazewska model, the Hematopoiesis model, the Nicholsons Blowfliesmodel, and some models with Allee effects. Ma ny interesting sufficient conditions are given for the dynamics that include nonlinear characteristics exhibited by population models. The last chapter provides results related to the globalappeal of solutions to the models considered in the earlier chapt ers. The techniques used in this book can be easily understood by anyone with a basic knowledge of analysis. This book offers a valuable reference guide for students andresearchers in the field of differential equations with applications to biology, ecolo gy, and the environment
Contents:Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Positive Periodic Solutions of Nonlinear Functional Differential Equations with Parameter
Chapter 3. Multiple Periodic Solutions of a System of Functional Differential Equations
Chapter 4. Multiple Periodic Solutions of Nonlinear Functional Differential Equations
Chapter 5. Asymptotic Behavior of Periodic Solutions of Differential Equations of First Order
Bibliography
ISBN:9788132218951
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Integral equations , Differential Equations
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9784431543213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Learning Regression Analysis by Simulation [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kunio Takezawa
Date:2014
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The standard approach of most introductory books for practical statistics is that readers first learn the minimum mathematical basics of statistics and rudimentary concepts of statistical methodology. They then are given examplesof analyses of data o btained from natural and social phenomena so that they can grasp practical definitions of statistical methods. Finally they go on to acquaint themselves with statistical software for the PC and analyze similar datato expand and deepen their understanding of statistical methods. This book, however, takes a slightly different approach, using simulation data instead of actual data to illustrate the functions of statistical methods. Also, Rprograms listed in the book help readers realize clearly how these met hods work to bring intrinsic values of data to the surface. R is free software enabling users to handle vectors, matrices, data frames, and so on. For example,when a statistical theory indicates that an event happens with a 5 % probability, readers can co nfirm the fact using R programs that this event actually occurs with roughly that probability, by handling data generated bypseudo-random numbers. Simulation gives readers populations with known backgrounds and the nature of the population can be adjusted easily. This feature of the simulation data helps provide a clear picture of statistical methodspainlessly. Most readers of introductory books of statistics for practical purposes do not like complex mathematical formulae, but they do not mind using a PC to produce various numbers and graphs by handling a huge variety of numbers.If they know the characteristics of these numbers beforehand, they treat them with ease. Struggling with actual data should come later. Conventional books on this topic frighten readers by presenting unidentified data to themindiscriminately. This book provides a new path to statistical concepts and practical skills in a readily accessible manner
ISBN:9784431543213
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783662441404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory and Applications of Difference Equations and Discrete Dynamical Systems [electronic resource] : ICDEA, Muscat, Oman, May 26 - 30, 2013
Author(s): Ziyad AlSharawi
Jim M Cushing
Saber Elaydi
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume contains the proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Difference Equations and Applications, held at Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman in May 2013. The conference brought together experts and novices inthe theory and appli cations of difference equations and discrete dynamical systems. The volume features papers in difference equations and discrete time dynamical systems with applications to mathematical sciences and, in particular,mathematical biology, ecology, and epidemi ology. It includes four invited papers and eight contributed papers. Topics covered include: competitive exclusion through discrete time models, Benford solutions of linear differenceequations, chaos and wild chaos in Lorenz-type systems, advances in peri odic difference equations, the periodic decomposition problem, dynamic selection systems and replicator equations, and asymptotic equivalence of differenceequations in Banach Space. This book will appeal to researchers, scientists, and educators who work in the fields of difference equations, discrete time dynamical systems and their applications.
Contents:Papers by Invited Speakers: Competitive exclusion through discrete time models: Azmy S. Ackleh and Paul L. Salceanu
Benford solutions of linear difference equations: Arno Berger and Gideon Eshun
Harvesting and dynamics in some one
dimensional population models: Eduardo Liz and Frank M. Hilker
Chaos and wild chaos in Lorenz
type systems: Hinke M. Osinga, Bernd Krauskopf and Stefanie Hittmeyer
Contributed Papers: Almost automorphic sequences and their application to a model of cellular neural network: Syed Abbas
Advances in periodic difference equations with open problems: Ziyad A
ISBN:9783662441404
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v102
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional equations , Differentiable dynamical systems , Genetics Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642546167:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modles et mthodes stochastiques [electronic resource] : Une introduction avec applications
Author(s): Pierre Del Moral
Christelle Verg
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:La thorie des probabilits et des processus stochastiques est sans aucun doute l'un des plus importants outils mathmatiques des sciences modernes. Le thorie des probabilit s'illustre dans de nombreux domaines issus de labiologie, de la physique, et de s sciences de l'ingnieur : dynamique des populations, traitement du signal et de l'image, chimie molculaire, conomtrie, sciences actuarielles, mathmatiques financires, ainsi qu'en analyse derisque. Le but de cet ouvrage est de parcourir les principaux mod les et mthodes stochastiques de cette thorie en pleine expansion. Ce voyage ne ncessite aucun bagage spcifique sur la thorie des processus stochastiques. Lesoutils d'analyses ncessaires une bonne comprhension sont donns au fur et mesure de leur construc tion, rvlant ainsi leur ncessit. La thorie des processus stochastiques est une extension naturelle de la thorie desystmes dynamiques des phnomnes alatoires. Elle contient des formalisation d'volutions de phnomnes alatoires rencontrs en physique, en biolo gique, en conomie, ou en sciences de l'ingnieur, mais aussi desalgorithmes d'exploration stochastique d'espaces de solutions complexes pour rsoudre des problmes d'estimation, d'optimisation et d'apprentissage statistique. Des techniques de rsolution avanc es en statistique baysienne, entraitement du signal, en analyse dvnements rares, en combinatoire numrative, en optimisation combinatoire, ainsi qu'en physique et chimie quantique sont exposes dans cet ouvrage. Stochastic Models andMethods Probabilitytheor y and stochastic process theory are undoubtedly among the most important mathematic tools for the modern sciences. Probability theory has applications in several fields, such as biology, physics and the engineering sciences:population dynamics, signal and image processing, molecular chemistry, econometrics, actuarial science, financial mathematics, a
ISBN:9783642546167
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathmatiques et Applications, 1154-483X : v75
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algorithms , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642395246:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling and Simulation [electronic resource] : An Application-Oriented Introduction
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Bungartz
Stefan Zimmer
Martin Buchholz
Dirk Pflger
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides an introduction to mathematical and computer-oriented modeling and to simulation as a universal methodology. It therefore addresses various model classes and their derivations. And it demonstrates the diversityof approaches that ca n be taken: be it discrete or continuous, deterministic or stochastic. A common underlying theme throughout the book are the means in which one obtains practical simulation results from these different abstractmodels. Subsequent to a brief review of the mathematical tools that are required, the concept of the simulation pipeline, from model derivation to the simulation, is applied to 14 example scenarios from diverse fields such asGame theory - deciding - planning, Traffic on highways and data highways, Dynamical systems and Physics in the computer. Whether it is game theory or mathematical finance, traffic or control theory, populationdynamics or chaos, or molecular dynamics, continuum mechanics or computer graphics - the reader gains insight into the world of simulation in a descriptive yet systematic way
Contents:1 Introduction
2 The necessary instruments in brief
Part I Playing deciding planning: A modeling warm
up
3 Game theory
4 Group decisions
5 Schedules
6 Wiener processes
Part II Traffic on highways and data highways: A trip through the simulation pipeline
7 Macroscopic simulation of traffic
8 Microscopic simulation of traffic
9 Stochastic traffic simulations
Part III Dynamic systems: Cause, effect and interaction
10 Population dynamics
11 Controllers
12 Chaos theory
Part IV Physics on the computer: The switch to number crunchers
13 Molecula
ISBN:9783642395246
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics and Technology, 1867-5506
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer simulation , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642390104:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology [electronic resource] : Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and Random Searches
Author(s): Vicen Mndez
Daniel Campos
Frederic Bartumeus
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. Lvy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitativelydescribing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statisticalphysics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicitdefinition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text isaimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, ma thematical biology and physics
Contents:Elements of Probability Theory
Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Microscopic, Mesoscopic and Macroscopic Descriptions of Dispersal
Continuous
Time Random Walks and Anomalous Diffusion
Reaction
Dispersal Models and Front Propagation
Stochastic Optimal Foraging Theory
Cell Motion and Chemotaxis
Host
Pathogen Interactions
Biological Invasions
Random Search in Model Organisms
ISBN:9783642390104
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Genetics Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319079028:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Protos Mandate [electronic resource] : A Scientific Novel
Author(s): Nick Kanas M.D.
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In the 25th Century, the effects of overpopulation and global warming on Earth have led to the formation of human colonies on the Moon, Mars and elsewhere in the Solar System, yet the limited number of viable places forceshumanity to look to the star s.A crash program has been developed to send Protos 1, a giant multigenerational starship, to a newly discovered Earth-like planet orbiting a nearby star. The plan is for awake crewmembers to run the ship,and for people in suspended animation to be roused before planetfall to use their skills in exploration and colony formation. To fulfill the goals of the mission and ensure that the in-flight population does not deplete the limitedresources, the Protos Mandate is set up to govern a tightly controlled soc ial system for the duration of the journey, which will take several generations.But problems threaten to sabotage the mission during its launch and transit,and what finally awaits the crewmembers shocks them in an unpredictable way. This novel chronicles the trials and tribulations of this epic first interstellar mission. The scientific appendix at the end of the book discusses thechallenges of such an interstellar mission based on an extensive literature review, and it links these challenges to specific episodes in the novel. Issues that are considered include interstellar propulsion systems, economicconsiderations of interstellar flight, psychological and sociological factors inherent in a multigenerational space mission, problems with suspended animat ion, current knowledge of exoplanets, and issues related to colonizing a distantplanet and the possible discovery of extraterrestrial life.A history of interstellar missions in science fiction is also reviewed. Nick Kanas is an Emeritus Professor of Psyc hiatry at the University of California, San Francisco,where he directed the group therapy training program. For over 20 years he conducted research in group therapy, and for nearly 2
Contents:Preface
Part I The Novel: The Protos Mandate
Part II The Science behind the Fiction: Challenges of Manned Interstellar Travel
ISBN:9783319079028
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Psychology , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319077284:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Influence of Demographic Stochasticity on Population Dynamics [electronic resource] : A Mathematical Study of Noise-Induced Bistable States and Stochastic Patterns
Author(s): Tommaso Biancalani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The dynamics of population systems cannot be understood within the framework of ordinary differential equations, which assume that the number of interacting agents is infinite. With recent advances in ecology, biochemistry andgenetics it is becoming increasingly clear that real systems are in fact subject to a great deal of noise. Relevant examples include social insects competing for resources, molecules undergoing chemical reactions in a cell and a poolof genomes subject to evolution.When the popul ation size is small, novel macroscopic phenomena can arise, which can be analyzed using the theory of stochastic processes. This thesis is centered on two unsolved problems in populationdynamics: the symmetry breaking observed in foraging populations, and the robustness of spatial patterns. We argue that these problems can be resolved with the help of two novel concepts: noise-induced bistable states and stochasticpatterns
ISBN:9783319077284
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068206:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stephen Lynch
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook, now in its second edition, provides a broad introduction to both continuous and discrete dynamical systems, the theory of which is motivated by examples from a wide range of disciplines. It emphasizes applicationsand simulation utilizi ng MATLAB, Simulink, the Image Processing Toolbox, and the Symbolic Math Toolbox, including MuPAD. Features new to the second edition include sections on series solutions ofordinary differential equations, perturbation methods, normal forms, Grbner bas es, and chaos synchronization chapters on image processing and binary oscillator computing hundreds of newillustrations, examples, and exercises with solutions and over eighty up-to-date MATLAB program files and Simulink model files available online. T hese files were voted MATLAB Central Pick of the Week in July2013. The hands-on approach of Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB, Second Edition, has minimal prerequisites, only requiring familiarity with ordinary differential equations. It w ill appeal to advanced undergraduateand graduate students, applied mathematicians, engineers, and researchers in a broad range of disciplines such as population dynamics, biology, chemistry, computing, economics, nonlinear optics, neural networks, and phy sics. Praise for the first edition Summing up, it can be said that this text allows the reader to have an easy and quick start to the huge field of dynamicalsystems theory. MATLAB/SIMULINK facilitate this approach under the aspect of learning by doing. OR News/Operations Research Spectrum The MATLAB programs are kept as simple as possible and the author's experience has shown thatthis method of teaching using MATLAB works well with computer laboratory classes of small sizes. I recommend Dynamical Syst ems with App
Contents:Preface
A Tutorial Introduction to MATLAB
Linear Discrete Dynamical Systems
Nonlinear Discrete Dynamical Systems
Complex Iterative Maps
Electromagnetic Waves and Optical Resonators
Fractals and Multifractals
The Image Processing Toolbox
Differential Equations
Planar Systems
Interacting Species
Limit Cycles
Hamiltonian Systems, Lyapunov Functions, and Stability
Bifurcation Theory
Three
Dimensional Autonomous Systems and Chaos
Poincar Maps and Nonautonomous Systems in the Plane
Local and Global Bifurcations
The Second Part of Hilbert's Sixte
ISBN:9783319068206
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Differential Equations , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319066264:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Searching for the Long-Duration Gamma-Ray Burst Progenitor [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert Allan Mesler III
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Nominated as an outstanding thesis by the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of New Mexico, this thesis seeks to identify the gamma-ray burst (GRB) progenitor. GRBs are extragalactic explosions that brieflyoutshine entire galaxies, but the mechanism that can release that much energy over a < 100 second burst is still a mystery. The leading candidate for the GRB progenitor is currently a massive star which collapses to form a blackholeaccretion disk system that powers the GRB. GRB a fterglows, however, do not always show the expected behavior of a relativistic blast wave interacting with the stellar wind that such a progenitor should have produced before itscollapse. In this book, the author uses the Zeus-MP astrophysical hydrodynami cs code to model the environment around a stellar progenitor prior to the burst. He then develops a new semi-analytic MHD and emission model to producelight curves for GRBs encountering these realistic density profiles. The work ultimately shows that the circumburst medium surrounding a GRB at the time of the explosion is much more complex than a pure wind, and that observedafterglows are entirely consistent with a large subset of proposed stellar progenitors
Contents:Introduction
Gamma
ray Bursts in Circumstellar Shells
Population III Gamma
ray Bursts
VLBI and Archival VLA and WSRT Observations of GRB 030329
Calorimetry of GRB 030329
Conclusions
Appendices
ISBN:9783319066264
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319021201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coherent Control of Nuclei and X-Rays [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wen-Te Liao
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Novel coherent light sources such as x-ray free-electron lasers open exciting prospects for the interaction of light with nuclei. The thesis Coherent Control of Nuclei and X-rays covers this still-developing field andproposes, in a daring attempt to revolutionize nuclear physics,three innovative schemes for taming nuclei using coherent effects.The theoretical explorations, whichaddresscontrol of nuclear quantum states, a nuclear memory forsingle photons in future photonic circuits,andoptimized concep ts for a nuclear clock, make use of new approaches at the borderline between nuclear physics and quantum dynamics. The result is a well written work, impressive initsstimulating style and promising ideas
Contents:Theoretical Model
Nuclear Coherent Population Transfer with X
Ray Laser Pulses
Coherent Storage and Phase Modulation of Single Hard
X
Ray Photons
Coherence Enhanced Optical Determination of the 229Th Isomeric Transition
ISBN:9783319021201
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783034808132:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Elliptic Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource] : Volume 2: Reaction-Diffusion Equations
Author(s): Vitaly Volpert
Date:2014
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:If we had to formulate in one sentence what this book is about it might be How partial differential equations can help to understand heat explosion, tumor growth or evolution of biological species. These and many otherapplications are described by re action-diffusion equations. The theory of reaction-diffusion equations appeared in the first half of the last century. In the present time, it is widely used in population dynamics, chemical physics,biomedical modelling. The purpose of this book is to pre sent the mathematical theory of reaction-diffusion equations in the context of their numerous applications. We will go from the general mathematical theory to specific equationsand then to their applications. Mathematical anaylsis of reaction-diffusion eq uations will be based on the theory of Fredholm operators presented in the first volume. Existence, stability and bifurcations of solutions will be studiedfor bounded domains and in the case of travelling waves. The classical theory of reaction-diffusion equations and new topics such as nonlocal equations and multi-scale models in biology will be considered
Contents:I. Introduction to the theory of reaction
diffusion equations
Chapter 1. Reaction
diffusion processes, models and applications
Chapter 2. Methods of analysis
Chapter 3. Reaction
diffusion problems in bounded domains
Chapter 4. Reaction
diffusion problems on the whole axis
II. Reaction
diffusion waves in cylinders
Chapter 5. Monotone systems
Chapter 6. Reaction
diffusion problems with convection
Chapter 7. Reaction
diffusion systems with different diffusion coefficients
Chapter 8. Nonlinear boundary conditions
Chapter 9. Nonlocal reaction
diffusion equations
Cha
ISBN:9783034808132
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Monographs in Mathematics, 1017-0480 : v104
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461494430:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Design, Analysis, and Interpretation of Genome-Wide Association Scans [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel O Stram
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents the statistical aspects of designing, analyzing and interpreting the results of genome-wide association scans (GWAS studies) for genetic causes of disease using unrelated subjects. Particular detail is given tothe practical aspects of employing the bioinformatics and data handling methods necessary to prepare data for statistical analysis. The goal in writing this book is to give statisticians, epidemiologists, and students in these fieldsthe tools to design a powerful genome-wide study based on current technology. The other part of this is showing readers how to conduct analysis of the created study. Design and Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies provides acompendium of well-established statistical methods based upon singl e SNP associations. It also provides an introduction to more advanced statistical methods and issues. Knowing that technology, for instance large scale SNP arrays, isquickly changing, this text has significant lessons for future use with sequencing data. Emphasis on statistical concepts that apply to the problem of finding disease associations irrespective of the technology ensures its futureapplications. The author includes current bioinformatics tools while outlining the tools that will be required for use with extensive databases from future large scale sequencing projects. The author includes current bioinformaticstools while outlining additional issues and needs arising from the extensive databases from future large scale sequencing projects
Contents:Introduction to Genome
Wide Association Studies
Topics of Quantitative Genetics
An Introduction to Association Studies
Correcting for Hidden Population Structure in Single Marker Association Testing and Estimation
Haplotype Imputation for Association Analysis
SNP Imputation for Association Studies
Design of Large
scale Genetic Association Studies, Sample Size and Power
Post
GWAS Analyses
ISBN:9781461494430
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Human genetics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461494263:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Harvesting Space for a Greener Earth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Greg Matloff
C Bangs
Les Johnson
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:What was our planet like in years past? How has our civilization affected Earth and its ecology? Harvesting Space for a Greener Planet, the Second Edition of Paradise Regained: The Regreening of the Earth, begins by discussingthese questions, and the n generates a scenario for the restoration of Earth. It introduces new and innovative ideas on how we could use the Solar System and its resources for terrestrial benefit. The environmental challenges that faceus today cannot be resolved by conservation a nd current technologies alone. Harvesting Space highlights the risk of humankinds future extinction from environmental degradation. Population growth, global climate change, andmaintaining sustainability of habitats for wildlife are all considered, among other issues. Rather than losing heart, we need to realize that the solutions to these problems lie in being good stewards of the planet and in thedevelopment of space. Not only will the solutions offered here avert a crisis, they will also provide the ba sis for continued technological and societal progress. Tapping the resources of near-Earth asteroids will lead to methods ofdiverting those asteroids that threaten Earth. Space-based terrestrial power generation systems will work synergistically with Eart h-based conservation. This book needs to be read urgently and widely, if we are to save ourselves fromenvironmental disaster, reduce the risk of catastrophic cosmic impacts, and build a prosperous and sustainable future for all the creatures of Earth
Contents:Introduction: Welcome to the Present
Space Utilization A Moral Imperative
Fire Formation of the Earth and the Solar System
Earth Before Man Utopia or Nightmare?
The Environmental Dilemma Progress or Collapse?
Exploding Population
Climate Change
Vanishing Life
Diminishing Energy
Humans Before the Industrial Age A Desirable Ecological Goal?
Part III Paradise Regained
Raw Materials from Space
Power from the Sun
Environmental Monitoring from Space
Protecting Earth
Mitigating Global Warming Using Planetary Engineering
Mitigating Gl
ISBN:9781461494263
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461488668:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Waves in Neural Media [electronic resource] : From Single Neurons to Neural Fields
Author(s): Paul C Bressloff
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Waves in Neural Media: From Single Cells to Neural Fields surveys mathematical models of traveling waves in the brain, ranging from intracellular waves in single neurons to waves of activity in large-scale brain networks. The workprovides a pedagogic al account of analytical methods for finding traveling wave solutions of the variety of nonlinear differential equations that arise in such models. These include regular and singular perturbation methods, weaklynonlinear analysis, Evans functions and wave stability, homogenization theory and averaging, and stochastic processes. Also covered in the text are exact methods of solution where applicable. Historically speaking, the propagation ofaction potentials has inspired new mathematics, particularly with regard tothe PDE theory of waves in excitable media. More recently, continuum neural field models of large-scale brain networks have generated a new set of interestingmathematical questions with regard tothe solution of nonlocal integro-differential equat ions. Advanced graduates, postdoctoral researchers and faculty working in mathematical biology, theoretical neuroscience, or applied nonlineardynamics will find this book to be a valuable resource. The main prerequisites are an introductory graduate cours e on ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations, making this an accessible and unique contributionto the field of mathematical biology.
Contents:Preface
Part I Neurons
Single Neuron Modeling
Traveling Waves in One
Dimensional Excitable Media
Wave Propagation Along Spiny Dendrites
Calcium Waves and Sparks
Part II Networks
Waves in Synaptically
Coupled Spiking Networks
Population Models and Neural Fields
Waves in Excitable Neural Fields
Neural Field Model of Binocular Rivalry Waves
Part III Development and Disease
Waves in the Developing and the Diseased Brain
Index
ISBN:9781461488668
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes on Mathematical Modelling in the Life Sciences, 2193-4789
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Neurosciences , Differential Equations , Physiology Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461481362:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extreme Explosions [electronic resource] : Supernovae, Hypernovae, Magnetars, and Other Unusual Cosmic Blasts
Author(s): David S Stevenson
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:What happens at the end of the life of massive stars? At one time we thought all these stars followed similar evolutionary paths. However, new discoveries have shown that things are not quite that simple. This book focuses onthe extreme the most int ense, brilliant and peculiar of astronomical explosions. It features highly significant observational finds that push the frontiers of astronomy and astrophysics, particularly as before these objects wereonly predicted in theory. This book is for those w ho want the latest information and ideas about the most dramatic and unusual explosions detected by current supernova searches. It examines and explains cataclysmic and unusualevents in stellar astrophysics and presents them in a non-mathematical but high ly detailed way that non-professionals can understand and enjoy
Contents:The Evolution of Massive Stars
The Top of the Hertzsprung
Russell Diagram
Collapsars, Hypernovae, and Long Gamma Ray Bursts
Quiet supernovae, and Death by Fall
Back
Luminous Blue Variables and Supernova 'Imposters'
Death by Magnetar
Pulsational Pair Instability and Pair Instability Supernovae
Luminous Blue Flashes
Population III Stars
The Impact of Nuclear Reactions of Massive Stars on the Present Day Universe
Red Novae and the Enigma of V838 Monocerotis
ISBN:9781461481362
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461479468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Calculus With Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter D Lax
Maria Shea Terrell
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This new edition of Lax, Burstein, and Lax's Calculus with Applications and Computing offers meaningful explanations of the important theorems of single variable calculus. Written with students in mathematics, the physicalsciences, and engineering in mind, and revised with their help, it shows that the themes of calculation, approximation, and modeling are central to mathematics and the main ideas of single variable calculus. This edition brings theinnovation of the first edition to a new generation of students. New sections in this book use simple, elementary examples to show that when applying calculus concepts to approximations of functions, uniform convergence is morenatural and easier to use than point-wise convergence. As in the original, this edition includes material that is essential for students in science and engineering, including an elementary introduction to complex numbers andcomplex-valued functions, applications of calculus to modeling vibrations and population dynamics, and an intro duction to probability and information theory
Contents:1 Numbers and Limits
2 Functions and Continuity
3 The Derivative and Differentiation
4 The Theory of Differentiable Functions
5 Applications of the Derivative
6 Integration
7 Methods for Integration
8 Approximation of Integrals
9 Complex Numbers
10 Differential Equations
11 Probability
Answers to Selected Problems
Index
ISBN:9781461479468
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, 0172-6056
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642383007:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Milan Holick
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The theory of probability and mathematical statistics is becoming an indispensable discipline in many branches of science and engineering. This is caused by increasing significance of various uncertainties affecting performance ofcomplex technologica l systems. Fundamental concepts and procedures used in analysis of these systems are often based on the theory of probability and mathematical statistics. The book sets out fundamental principles of the probabilitytheory, supplemented by theoretical model s of random variables, evaluation of experimental data, sampling theory, distribution updating and tests of statistical hypotheses. Basic concepts of Bayesian approach to probability andtwo-dimensional random variables, are also covered. Examples of relia bility analysis and risk assessment of technological systems are used throughout the book to illustrate basic theoretical concepts and their applications. The primaryaudience for the book includes undergraduate and graduate students of science and enginee ring, scientific workers and engineers and specialists in the field of reliability analysis and risk assessment. Except basic knowledge ofundergraduate mathematics no special prerequisite is required
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
1 Introduction
2.Basic Concepts of Probability
3.Evaluation of Statistical Data
4.Distributions of Random Variables
5.Selected Models of Discrete Variables
6.Selected Models of Continuous Variables
7.Functions of Random Variables
8.Estimations of the Population Parameters
9.Fractiles of Random Variables
10.Testing of Statistical Hypotheses
11.Correlation and Regression
12.Random Functions
Appendixes.
ISBN:9783642383007
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Engineering , Engineering design
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642336966:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Free Boundary Problems and Asymptotic Behavior of Singularly Perturbed Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kelei Wang
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In Bose-Einstein condensates from physics and competing species system from population dynamics, it is observed that different condensates (or species) tend to be separated. This is known as the phase separation phenomena. Thesepose a new class of fr ee boundary problems of nonlinear partial differential equations. Besides its great difficulty in mathematics, the study of this problem will help us get a better understanding of the phase separation phenomena.This thesis is devoted to the study of the a symptotic behavior of singularly perturbed partial differential equations and some related free boundary problems arising from Bose-Einstein condensation theory and competing species model.We study the free boundary problems in the singular limit and give some characterizations, and use this to study the dynamical behavior of competing species when the competition is strong. These results have many applications inphysics and biology. It was nominated by the Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Scien ces as an outstanding PhD thesis
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Uniqueness, Stability and Uniform Lipschitz Estimates
Uniqueness in the Singular Limit
The Dynamics of One Dimensional SingularLimitingProblem
Approximate CleanUpLemma
Asymptotics in Strong Competition
The Limited Equation of a Singular Perturbed System
Reference
Index
ISBN:9783642336966
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642331312:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quasi-Stationary Distributions [electronic resource] : Markov Chains, Diffusions and Dynamical Systems
Author(s): Pierre Collet
Servet Martnez
Jaime San Martn
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Main concepts of quasi-stationary distributions (QSDs) for killed processes are the focus of the present volume. For diffusions, the killing is at the boundary and for dynamical systems there is a trap. The authors present theQSDs as the ones that al low describing the long-term behavior conditioned to not being killed. Studies in this research area started with Kolmogorov and Yaglom and in the last few decades have received a great deal of attention. Theauthors provide the exponential distribution pr operty of the killing time for QSDs, present the more general result on their existence and study the process of trajectories that survive forever. For birth-and-death chains anddiffusions, the existence of a single or a continuum of QSDs is described. Th ey study the convergence to the extremal QSD and give the classification of the survival process. In this monograph, the authors discuss Gibbs QSDs forsymbolic systems and absolutely continuous QSDs for repellers. The findings described are relevant to re searchers in the fields of Markov chains, diffusions, potential theory, dynamical systems, and in areas where extinction is acentral concept. The theory is illustrated with numerous examples. The volume uniquely presents the distribution behavior of indiv iduals who survive in a decaying population for a very long time. It also provides the background forapplications in mathematical ecology, statistical physics, computer sciences, and economics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1.Introduction
2.Quasi
stationary Distributions: General Results
3.Markov Chains on Finite Spaces
4.Markov Chains on Countable Spaces
5.Birth and Death Chains
6.Regular Diffusions on [0,)
7.Infinity as Entrance Boundary
8.Dynamical Systems
References
Index
Table of Notations
Citations Index.
ISBN:9783642331312
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Probability and Its Applications, 1431-7028
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Differential equations, partial , Genetics Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642329142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Panel Data Analysis for Economic and Social Surveys [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans-Jrgen Andre
Katrin Golsch
Alexander W Schmidt
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many economic and social surveys are designed as panel studies, which provide important data for describing social changes and testing causal relations between social phenomena. This textbook shows how to manage, describe, andmodel these kinds of dat a. It presents models for continuous and categorical dependent variables, focusing either on the level of these variables at different points in time or on their change over time. It covers fixed and randomeffects models, models for change scores and even t history models. All statistical methods are explained in an application-centered style using research examples from scholarly journals, which can be replicated by the reader throughdata provided on the accompanying website. As all models are compared to each other, it provides valuable assistance with choosing the right modelin applied research. The textbook is directed at master and doctoral students as wellas applied researchers in the social sciences, psychology, business administration and economics . Readers should be familiar with linear regression and have a good understanding of ordinary least squares estimation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: Benefits and challenges of the panel design
Outline of the book
Audience and prerequisites
Acknowledgements
Managing panel data: The nature of panel data
The basics of panel data management
Three case studies on poverty in Germany
How to represent a population with panel data?
Conclusion and further reading
Describing and modeling panel data: Some basic terminology
Measurements over time are not independent
Describing the dependent variable
Explaining the dependent variable over time: typical explanatory variables
Modeling panel data
Est
ISBN:9783642329142
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642272639:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Vito Volterra [electronic resource]
Author(s): Angelo Guerraggio
Giovanni Paoloni
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Vito Volterra (1860-1940) was one of the most famous representatives of Italian science in his day. Angelo Guerragio and Giovanni Paolini analyze Volterras most important contributions to mathematics and their applications, aswell as his outstanding organizational achievements in scientific policy. Volterra was one of the founding fathers of functional analysis and the author of fundamental contributions in the field of integral equations, elasticity theoryand population dynamics (Lotka-Volterra mode l). He delivered keynote lectures on the occasion of the International Congresses of Mathematicians held in Paris (1900), Rome (1908), Strasbourg (1920) and Bologna (1928). He becameinvolved in the scientific development in united Italy and was appointed senator of the kingdom in 1905. One of his numerous non-mathematical activities was founding the National Research Council (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche,CNR). During the First World War he was active in military research. After the war he took a c lear stand against fascism, which was the starting point for his exclusion. In 1926 he resigned as president of the world famous AccademiaNazionale dei Lincei and was later on excluded from the academy. In 1931 he was one of the few university lecturers w ho denied to swear an oath of allegiance to the fascistic regime. In 1938 he suffered from the impact of the raciallaws. The authors draw a comprehensive picture of Vito Volterra, both as a great mathematician and an organizer of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I. Chronicles of Italian life
II. Professor in Pisa
III. The cats of Torino
IV. Rome, public appointments, the politician
V. Days of firing from a dirigible
VI. From war to peace: Italys National Research Council
VII. The end of freedom
VIII. After the cats, fish
IX. Time runs out
Appendix I: Significant dates in Italian history 1849
1945
Appendix II: Significant dates in the life of Vito Volterra 1860
1940
Index of Names
ISBN:9783642272639
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461473817:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Business Statistics for Competitive Advantage with Excel 2013 [electronic resource] : Basics, Model Building, Simulation and Cases
Author(s): Cynthia Fraser
Date:2013
Edition:3rd ed. 2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Exceptional managers know that they can create competitive advantages by basing decisions on performance response under alternative scenarios. To create these advantages, managers need to understand how to use statistics toprovide information on perf ormance response under alternative scenarios. This updated edition ofthe populartext helps business students develop competitive advantages for use in their future careers as decision makers. Studentslearn to build models using logic and experience, produ ce statistics using Excel 2013 with shortcuts, and translate results into implications for decision makers. The author emphasizes communicating results effectively in plain Englishand with compelling graphics in the form of memos and PowerPoints. Statisti cs, from basics to sophisticated models, are illustrated with examples using real data such as students will encounter in their roles as managers. A number ofexamples focus on business in emerging global markets with particular emphasis on emerging market s in Latin America, China and India. Results are linked to implications for decision making with sensitivity analyses to illustrate howalternate scenarios can be compared. Chapters include screenshots to make it easy to conduct analyses in Excel 2013 with time-saving shortcuts expected in the business world. PivotTables and PivotCharts, used frequently in businesses,are introduced from the start. The Third Edition features Monte Carlo simulation in three chapters, as a tool to illustrate the range of poss ible outcomes from decision makers assumptions and underlying uncertainties. Model buildingwith regression is presented as a process, adding levels of sophistication, with chapters on multicollinearity and remedies, forecasting and model validation, autoc orrelation and remedies, indicator variables to represent segmentdifferences, and seasonality, structural shifts or shocks in time series models. Special applications in market segmentation a
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Statistics for Decision Making and Competitive Advantage
Describing Your Data Chapter
Hypothesis Tests, Confidence Intervals, and Simulation to Infer Population Characteristics and Differences
Quantifying the Influence of Performance Drivers and Forecasting: Regression
Market Simulation and Segmentation with Descriptive Statistics, Inference, Hypothesis Tests, and Regression
Finance Application: Portfolio Analysis with a Market Index as a Leading Indicator in Simple Linear Regression
Association between Two Categorical Variables: Contingency Analysis with Chi Square
Buildi
ISBN:9781461473817
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics , Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461473275:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Formation and Evolution of M33 as Revealed by Its Star Clusters [electronic resource]
Author(s): Izaskun San Roman
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This thesis represents the first wide-field photometric and spectroscopic survey of star clusters in the nearby late-spiral galaxy M33. This system is the nearest example of a dwarf spiral galaxy, which may have a unique role inthe process of galaxy formation and evolution. The cold dark matter paradigm of galaxy formation envisions large spiral galaxies, such as the Milky Way, being formed from the merger and accretion of many smaller dwarf galaxies. Therole that dwarf spiral galaxies play in this p rocess is largely unclear. One of the goals of this thesis is to use the star cluster population of M33 to study its formation and evolution from its early stages to the present. The thesispresents a new comprehensive catalog of M33 star clusters, which i ncludes magnitudes, colors, structural parameters, and several preliminary velocity measurements. Based on an analysis of these data, the thesis concludes that, amongother things, the evolution of M33 has likely been influenced by its nearby massive neigh bor M31
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword from Professor Ata Sarajedini
Introduction
Newly Identified Star Clusters in M33: Space
Based Survey
Photometric Properties of the M33 Star Cluster System: Ground
Based Survey
Structural Parameters of the M33 Star Cluster System
Kinematic Properties of Star Clusters in M33
Conclusions
ISBN:9781461473275
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461472766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics for the Life Sciences [electronic resource] : Calculus, Modeling, Probability, and Dynamical Systems
Author(s): Glenn Ledder
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Mathematics for the Life Sciences provides present and future biologists with the mathematical concepts and tools needed to understand and use mathematical models and read advanced mathematical biology books. It presentsmathematics in biological cont exts, focusing on the central mathematical ideas, and providing detailed explanations. The author assumes no mathematics background beyond algebra and precalculus. Calculus is presented as aone-chapter primer that is suitable for readers who have not stud ied the subject before, as well as readers who have taken a calculus course and need a review. This primer is followed by a novel chapter on mathematical modeling thatbegins with discussions of biological data and the basic principles of modeling. The rem ainder of the chapter introduces the reader to topics in mechanistic modeling (deriving models from biological assumptions) and empiricalmodeling (using data to parameterize and select models). The modeling chapter contains a thorough treatment of key ide as and techniques that are often neglected in mathematics books. It also provides the reader with a sophisticatedviewpoint and the essential background needed to make full use of the remainder of the book, which includes two chapters on probability and it s applications to inferential statistics and three chapters on discrete and continuousdynamical systems. The biological content of the book is self-contained and includes many basic biology topics such as the genetic code, Mendelian genetics, population d ynamics, predator-prey relationships, epidemiology, andimmunology. The large number of problem sets include some drill problems along with a large number of case studies. The latter are divided into step-by-step problems and sorted into the appropriate se ction, allowing readers togradually develop complete investigations from understanding the biological assumptions to a complete analysis
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A Brief Summary of Calculus
Mathematical Modeling
Probability Distributions
Working with Probability
Dynamics of Single Populations
Discrete Dynamical Systems
Continuous Dynamical Systems
Index
ISBN:9781461472766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics and Technology, 1867-5506
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Life sciences , Differentiable dynamical systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461466901:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chinas Strategy in Space [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stacey Solomone
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book addresses why China is going into space and provides up- to-date information on all aspects of the Chinese Space Program in terms of launch vehicles, launch sites and infrastructure, crew vehicles for space exploration,satellite application s and scientific exploration capabilities. Beyond mere capabilities, it is important to understand how Chinese aerospace leaders think, how they make decisions, and what their ultimate goal is during their spaceendeavors. What are Chinese intentions in sp ace? To what extent does culture and ethics influence Chinese strategic decision-making within the highest levels of the aerospace industrial complex? This book examines these questions andoffers four potential scenarios on where the Chinese space program is headed based on this new perspective of understanding Chinas space goals. This book is not only required reading for policy makers and military leaders in the USgovernment, but also for the general population, students, and professionals interested in truly understanding the reasons behind what the Chinese are doing in space
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The History of the Chinese Space Program and Its Role in Modern China
Why Did China Reinvigorate the Space Industry as a Part of the Recovery from the Cultural Revolution
A Review of China's Space Capabilities Today
China and Its Plan for Aerospace Innovation
The Rise of Chinese Aerospace Industry in the Global Space Community
The Generational Differences Among the Chinese Space Professionals
Societal/Cultural Influences and the Chinese Space Program
Future Scenarios for China's Space Industry
Conclusion
Top 10 Things to Know about China's Space Program
ISBN:9781461466901
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Space Development, 2191-8171
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Planetology , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461462279:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Understanding Statistics Using R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Randall Schumacker
Sara Tomek
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book was written to provide resource materials for teachers to use in their introductory or intermediate statistics class. The chapter content is ordered along the lines of many popular statistics books so it should beeasy to supplement the cont ent and exercises with class lecture materials. The book contains R script programs to demonstrate important topics and concepts covered in a statistics course, including probability, random sampling,population distribution types, role of the Central Limi t Theorem, creation of sampling distributions for statistics, and more. The chapters contain T/F quizzes to test basic knowledge of the topics covered. In addition, the bookchapters contain numerous exercises with answers or solutions to the exercises pro vided. The chapter exercises reinforce an understanding of the statistical concepts presented in the chapters. An instructor can select any of thesupplemental materials to enhance lectures and/or provide additional coverage of concepts and topics in their statistics book. This book uses the R statistical package which contains an extensive library of functions. The R softwareis free and easily downloaded and installed. The R programs are run in the R Studio software which is a graphical user interface for Windows. The R Studio software makes accessing R programs, viewing output from the exercises, andgraphical displays easier to manage. The first chapter of the book covers the fundamentals of the R statistical package. This includes installation of R and R Studio, accessing R packages and libraries of functions. The chapteralso covers how to access manuals and technical documentation, as well as, basic R commands used in the R script programs in the chapters. This chapter is important for the instructor t o master so that the software can be installedand the R script programs run. The R software is free so students can also install the software and run the R script programs in
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:R Fundamentals
Probability
Statistical Theory
Frequency Distributions
Central Tendency and Dispersion
Statistical Distributions
Hypothesis Testing
Chi
Square Test
z
test
t
test
F
test
Correlation
Linear Regression
Replication of Results
Synthesis of Findings
Glossary
Appendix
Author Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9781461462279
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Computer science , Computer simulation
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461456964:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Bayesian Statistics [electronic resource] : With R and OpenBUGS Examples
Author(s): Mary Kathryn Cowles
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is based on over a dozen years teaching a Bayesian Statistics course. The material presented here has been used by students of different levels and disciplines, including advanced undergraduates studying Mathematics andStatistics and studen ts in graduate programs in Statistics, Biostatistics, Engineering, Economics, Marketing, Pharmacy, and Psychology. The goal of the book is to impart the basics of designing and carrying out Bayesian analyses, andinterpreting and communicating the results. In addition, readers will learn to use the predominant software for Bayesian model-fitting, R and OpenBUGS. The practical approach this book takes will help students of all levels to buildunderstanding of the concepts and procedures required to answer re al questions by performing Bayesian analysis of real data. Topics covered include comparing and contrasting Bayesian and classical methods, specifying hierarchicalmodels, and assessing Markov chain Monte Carlo output. Mary Kathryn(Kate) Cowles taught Suzu ki piano for many years before going to graduate school in Biostatistics. Her research areas are Bayesian and computational statistics,with application to environmental science. She is on the faculty of Statistics at The University of Iowa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is Bayesian statistics?
Review of probability
Introduction to one
parameter models
Inference for a population proportion
Special considerations in Bayesian inference
Other one
parameter models and their conjugate priors
More realism please: Introduction to multiparameter models
Fitting more complex Bayesian models: Markov chain Monte Carlo
Hierarchical models, and more on convergence assessment
Regression and hierarchical regression models
Model Comparison, Model Checking, and Hypothesis Testing
References
Index
ISBN:9781461456964
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X : v98
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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